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AREA W A G E SURVEY
Riverside—San B ernardino—O ntario, C alifornia,
M etropolitan A rea, Decem ber 1972
B u lletin 1775 6 0




U S. D EPAR TM EN T OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u lle t i n p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a D e c e m b e r 1972 s u r v e y of o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e f i t s in the R i v e r s i d e —
San B e r n a r d i n o —
O n t a r i o , C a l i f o r n i a , S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( R i v e r s i d e and San
B e rn a rd in o C o u n ties).
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t of the B u r e a u of L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' an n u al a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . T h e p r o g r a m i s d e s i g n e d to y ie ld
data f o r i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , a s w e l l a s n a t io n a l an d r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s
f o r a l l S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in the U n it e d S t at es , e x c lu d i n g A l a s k a and
H a w a i i , ( a s d e fi n e d b y the U . S . O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t t h r o u g h
N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n e e d to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l an d m o v e m e n t of w a g e s in a v a r i e t y of l a b o r m a r k e t s , t h r o u g h
the a n a l y s i s o f (1) the l e v e l an d d i s t r i b u t i o n of w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n , and (2) the
m o v e m e n t of w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n c lu d i n g w a g e an d
s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , an d a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant
lo ca tio n . S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e u s e d b y the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r to m a k e
w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s u n d e r the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m .
( S e e l i s t of a r e a s
on i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )
In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s data a r e c o ll e c t e d
a n n u a l ly . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e ­
fi t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s e c o n d y e a r in the p a st , i s no w o b ta in e d e v e r y third y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l i n d i v i d u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m p le t e d ,
two s u m m a r y b u lle t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r d a ta f o r e a c h
m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s u r v e y e d . T he s eco n d s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta .
The R i v e r s id e —San B e r n a r d i n o —O n t a r i o s u r v e y w a s co nd ucted b y the
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o ffi c e in San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f D . B r u c e H an chett , D e p u t y R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e s u r v e y co uld
not h a ve b e e n a c c o m p l i s h e d witho ut the c o o p e r a t i o n of the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e
and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b a s i s f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b u lle t i n .
The B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

AR EA W A G E SU R VEY

Bulletin 1775-60
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

June 1 9 7 3

BUREAU OF LABOR S TATISTIC S, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

Riverside—San B ernardino—O ntario, C alifornia, M etropolitan Area, Decem ber 1972
CO N TENTS
P age
2 In t r o d u c t i o n
6 W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
Tables:
5
7

1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s within s c o p e of s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu died
2 . I n d e x e s of e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s of ch an ge f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
A,

8
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

20

21

22
23
24
25
26
29
31

Occupational e a r n in g s :
A -l.
O ff i c e o c c u p a t io n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - l a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s —a d ju s t e d
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s —a d ju s t e d
A -3 .
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y sex—a d ju s t e d
A -4 .
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t io n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 4 a . M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t io n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s —a d ju s t e d
A -5 .
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 5 a . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s —a d ju s t e d
A -6 .
M a in t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s t o d i a l , and m a t e r i a l h a n dlin g o c c u p a t io n s :
A v e r a g e hourly earnings, by sex
A - 6 a . M a i n t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s t o d i a l , and m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g o c c u p a t io n s :
A v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , b y sex—a d j u s t e d

B . E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m en trance s a l a r i e s fo r w o m en o ffic e w o rk e rs
B -2 .
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a ys
B -4 .
A n n u a l p a id h o l i d a y s
B - 4 a . Id e n t i fi c a t i o n of m a j o r p a id h o l i d a y s
B -5 .
P a id vacations
B -6 .
H ealth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s
Appendix.

Occupational d e sc riptio n s

N O T E : O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s p r e s e n t e d in t a b l e s A - l , 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 in c lu d e p a y m e n t s u n d e r a " p r o g r e s s - s h a r i n g "
pla n in 1 m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S u p p l e m e n t a r y t a b le s A - l a ,
A - 2 a , A - 3 a , A - 4 a , A - 5 a , an d A - 6 a p r e s e n t e a r n i n g s
e x c l u d i n g the p a y m e n t s u n d e r this plan.




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 6 5 cents domestic postpaid or 45 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

In tro d u ctio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h i c h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f it s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In this a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b t a i n e d by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a ­
t iv e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s within s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ;
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s an d the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E sta b lis h ­
m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r tha n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d
b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s s tu die d. S e p a ­
r a t e t a b u la t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
which m e e t publication c r i t e r i a .

the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n
is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e en ou gh d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
E arnings
d a ta not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c lu d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data , w h e r e s h o w n .
L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of e l e c t r o n i c s
t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o se h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d la te s h i ft s .
Nonproduction bonuses a r e e x ­
c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
cluded.
W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a lf h o u r) fo r which e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s tra ig h t-tim e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s a r e ro u n d ed
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u c t ed on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The s a m ­
p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o lv e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w it h in the s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y by i n d u s t r y an d n u m b e r
of em p loy ee s.
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is
s e l e c t e d , with e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v i n g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e of
selection .
T o o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n of l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d .
W h e n d a ta
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t i s w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out of f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t io n i f d a ta a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u i t a b l e s ubs titu te is a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that i s s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
Occupations

an d E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g an d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s ,
and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (4 ) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set of jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to tak e ac co u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d i c a t e d , the
e a r n i n g s d a ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b t itle s a r e f o r al l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C. ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie— Kingston—
Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y . ; and U tica— Rome, N .Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s of individual occupational
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d by c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m ent patterns.
F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by
h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d by n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h ift s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n tho ugh m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s tha n i n d i v i d u a l jo b s w it h in the
groups.
A v e r a g e earnings reflect com posite, a re a w id e estim ates.
In ­
d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pa y l e v e l an d j o b s t a ff in g , and
thus c o n t r i b u te d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
Pay aver­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
individual e s t a b lis h m e n ts.
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tions sho uld not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ithin i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s i n c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ithin e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in ce
areas o n ly the r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d , an d p e r f o r m a n c e of s p e ­
c i f i c du t ies w ithin the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Jo b d e s c r i p ­
t io n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o se u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c du ties p e r f o r m e d .

2

3
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
ally surveyed.
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ta i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu die d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu die d.
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not a f fe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data .

E stab lis h m e n t

Practices

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y

Wage

P rovisio ns

In f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s . D a t a f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not p r e s e n t e d
s e p a r a t e l y a r e i n c lu d e d in the e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . " A d m i n ­
istrative,
executive,
and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n
w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu de w o r k i n g f o r e m e n an d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
ers
( in c lu d i n g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s )
e n g a g e d in n o n o ff ice f u n c ­
tions.
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fu n ct io n s.
C afeteria
w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but
i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m en trance s a la r i e s fo r w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s rela te
o n ly to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
(S e e t a b l e B - l . )
B e c a u s e o f the
o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g te c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e ly than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to h a ve f o r m a l
e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the t a b l e i s m o r e r e p r e ­
s e n t a ti v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u ­
fa cturin g in d u s trie s.
(S e e t a b le B - 2 . )
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d
in t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y ^ f o r total p l a n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the
s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the amount a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y is u s e d ; i f no
am o u n t a p p l i e s to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " is u s e d . In e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f ­
f e r e n c e is r e c o r d e d o nly i f it a p p l i e s to a m a j o r i t y o f the shift h o u r s .




D a t a on p a id h o li d a y s a r e li m i t e d to h o li d a y s g r a n t e d an nu ­
a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r
(2) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
(See t a b l e B - 4 . )
H olidays o rd in a r ily
g r a n t e d a r e i n c lu d e d e v e n though they m a y f a l l on a n o n w o r k d a y and
the w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d an o t h e r da y off.
T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id
h o l i d a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o le and h a l f h o li d a y s a c t u a lly
granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le and h a l f h o l i d a y s to s h o w
tota l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T a b l e B - 4 a r e p o r t s the in c id e n c e o f the m o s t
c o m m o n p a id h o l i d a y s .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s is a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of
v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than a m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f it s . (S e e t a b le B - 5 . ) P r o v i s i o n s ap ply
to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s
o f le ng th o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n t s on o th e r than a t i m e b a s i s a r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e p e r i o d ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annu al e a r n i n g s
a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a le n t to 1 w e e k s ' p a y.
O n l y b a s i c p la n s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d .
E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n b o n u s e s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s ,
and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s be y o n d b a s i c p la n s .
Such
p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l, a l u m i n u m , and ca n i n d u s t r i e s .
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s f o r w h ic h the e m p l o y e r
p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t in c lu d e t h o se (1) u n d e r w r i t t e n by a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p ro fi t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) p r o v i d e d
t h r o u g h a union fund, o r (3) p a i d d i r e c t l y by the e m p l o y e r out of c u r ­
rent o p e r a t i n g fun ds o r f r o m a fund set a s i d e fo r this p u r p o s e . (See
t a b le B - 6 . )
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve such a p la n if the
m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d u n d e r the p la n e v e n i f l e s s than a
m a j o r i t y e l e c t to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d to c o n ­
t r ib u t e t o w a r d the c o s t o f the p la n .
E xcluded are le gally req u ire d
p l a n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d
retirem ent.

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that type of i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u r i n g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such pla n s to w h ic h the e m p l o y e r c o n ­
t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k an d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a ve en ac ted
t e m p o r a r y dis a b ility in su rance la w s re q u irin g e m p lo y e r contribu tions,3
p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n ly i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than is
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with b e n e f it s whic h e x ­
c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w . T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s ic k le a v e pl a ns
either of the following condi­
provisions covering late
2
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
had operated late shifts
contributions.
for operating late shifts.

T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a ys o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d as a p p ly in g to
a l l o f the p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
(See
table B - 3 . )
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s a r e tho se w h i c h a m a ­
j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r the y a r e
paid s tr a ig h t -t im e o r o v e rtim e ra te s .
2
An establishment is considered as having a policy if it met
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1)
during the 12 months before the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and he al th , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
s io n p la n s a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i ­
c a b l e to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k ­
e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s li s t e d .
(S e e t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 6 . )
S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2
t h r o u g h B - 6 m a y not e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f r ou n ding.

4
a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f
the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
Sepa­
r a t e t a b u la t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) pla n s w h i c h p r o v i d e fu ll
p a y and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2 ) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l
pay o r a waiting p e rio d .
In a d d i ti o n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s ic k
l e a v e , an u n d u p l ic a t e d total is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r
o r both t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

tho end of the d i s a b i l i t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e ­
m e n t b e n e f it s . F u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t s a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d by
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s io n b e n e f it s
p a y a b l e to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

M a j o r m e d ic a l in su ra n c e plans protect e m p lo y ee s fr o m s ic k ­
n e s s and i n j u r y e x p e n s e s b ey o nd the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a li z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s . T y p i c a l f e a t u r e s o f m a j o r m e d i c a l p la n s
a r e (1) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) p a i d b y the i n s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e f it s
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e p la n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to
b e g i n ; (2) a c o i n s u r a n c e f e a t u r e r e q u i r i n g the i n s u r e d to pay a p o r ti o n
t o t a lly d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a i d s i c k l e a v e
( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s ; and (3) s ta t ed d o l l a r m a x i m u m
a n d / o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d
b e n e f it s ( e . g . , $ 10, 000 a y e a r ) . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e s c o m p le t e
p e r i o d of d i s a b i l i t y ( t y p i c a l l y 6 m o n t h s ) .
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until
or pa rtial payment of d o cto rs ' fe e s .
Dental in su ra n c e usually co v e rs
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , an d X - r a y s . E x c l u d e d a r e p la n s w h ic h c o v e r only
o r a l s u r g e r y o r accident d a m a g e .
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s p r o v i d e
number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but
p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r ' s li f e .
informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




5

Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Riverside—San Bernardino—Ontario, Calif.,
by major industry divison,2 December 1972
Workers in establishm ents

Number of establishm ents
Industry division

All d iv isio n s-------------------------------------Manufacturing_______________________________
Nonmanufacturing____________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities 5 ___________________
Wholesale trad e __________________________
Retail trade_______________________________
Finance, insurance, and real e sta te _______
S erv ices 8 __________ _____________________

Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

_

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study3

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied
Number

Percent

Plant

Office
T otal4

465

126

95,583

100

63, 886

1 2 ,lo i

58,492

50
-

183
282

46
80

40, 872
54,711

43
57

30, 844
33, 042

3, 617
8, 544

25,016
33,476

50
50
50
50
50

18
50
119
28
67

11
13
27
9
20

14,382
5, 794
21,638
5, 593
7, 304

1,763

13,849
1,855
11, 123
3,750
2,899

15
6

23
5
8

7, 915
(6 )
(6 )
(7)
(6 )

(k )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

1 The R iverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, a s defined by the Office of Management and Budget through November 1971, con sists of R iverside and San
Bernardino Counties. The "w orkers within scope of study" e stim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor force included in
the survey. The estim ate s are not intended, however, to serve a s a b a sis of com parison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual was used in classify in g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. All outlets (within the area) of com panies in such in du stries a s trad e, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fessio n al, and other w orkers excluded from the sep arate plant and office cate g o rie s.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A- and B - s e r ie s tab le s. T axicabs and se rv ice s incidental to water transportation were excluded. The lo ca l-tran sit system in San Bernardino is
m unicipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represen ted in e stim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tab le s, and for "a ll in du stries ' in the S erie s B tab les. Separate
presentation of data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following reaso n s: (1) Employment in the division i s too sm all to provide enough data to m erit sep arate study, (2) the
sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) respon se was insufficient or inadequate to perm it sep arate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of d isclo su re of
individual establishm ent data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represen ted in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tab les, but from the re a l estate portion only in
e stim a te s for "a ll in d u strie s" in the S erie s B tab le s. Separate presentation of data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the reaso n s given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels: laundries and other person al s e rv ic e s: bu sin ess se rv ic e s; automobile rep a ir, ren tal, and parking: motion p ictu res: nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and arch itectu ral s e rv ic e s.

Industrial composition in manufacturing
Over two-fifths of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the R iversid e—
San
Bernardincr-Ontario a re a were employed in manufacturing firm s.
The following p resen ts
the m ajo r industry groups and specific in dustries as a percent of a ll manufacturing:
Industry grou p s

Specific industries

P rim a ry m etal in du stries____ 27
T ransportation equipment____ 22
Stone, clay, and g la ss
products____________________ 9
Food and kindred products____ 8
E le c tric a l equipment and
su p p lie s____________________ 6

B la st furnace and b a sic
stee l products________________20
M iscellaneous transportation
equipm ent__________________ 11
A irc raft and p a r t s ____________ 10
Canned, cured, and frozen
foods______________ . .. . . . . __. . . 5
Nonferrous rolling and
draw ing_____________________ 5

This information is based on estim ates : of total employment derived from universe
m a te ria ls com piled p rio r to actual survey. P i •oportions in v ariou s industry divisions m ay
differ from proportions based on the re su lts of the survey as shown in table 1 above.




Labor-m anagem ent agreem ent coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of plantw orkers and officew orkers em ­
ployed in establishm ents in which a contract or con tracts covered a m ajority of the w orkers
in the resp ective ca te g o rie s, R iver side—
San Bernardino— ntario, C alif., Decem ber 1972.
O
P lan tw ork ers

A ll in d u strie s________________
Manufacturing________________
P ublic u tilities________________

O fficew orkers

63
74
98

17
23
54

An establishm ent is considered to have a contract covering all plantworkers or
officew orkers if a m ajority of such w orkers are covered by a labor-m anagem ent agreement.
Th erefore, all other plantw orkers or officew orkers are employed in establishm ents that either
do not have labor-m anagem ent contracts in effect, or have con tracts that apply to fewer than
half of their plantw orkers or officew orkers. E stim a tes are not n e ce ssa rily representative
of the extent to which all w orkers in the a re a m ay be covered by the provisions of
labor-m anagem ent agreem en ts, becau se sm all establishm ents are excluded and the industrial
scope of the survey is lim ited.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
T h e i n d e x is a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e i n d e x is c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i ­
p ly i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
ch a n g e p lu s 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the ne xt s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (co m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s o f ch an ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s of o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , an d in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the
i n d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date of the inde x.
T h e p e r c e n t s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
A n n u a l r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
s ho w n, r e f l e c t the am o u nt o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 mo nths w h e n the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s .
Th e se com pu­
tations a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a constan t
rate betw e en s u rv e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s of ch an ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; the y a r e not in t en d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of ea rn in g s f o r o v e rtim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , the y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te sh ift s.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
pa tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ithin
each group.

M e t h o d of C o m p u t in g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a co nstan t w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Lim itatio n s of Data
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f ch a n g e
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p loy ed by es tab lis h m e n ts with d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in
the l a b o r f o r c e ca n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s wi tho ut a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e ve n
though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y have declined b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g estab lish m e n ts entered
the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s m a y have
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y co nstan t, yet a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a v e r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.
T h e u s e o f co nstan t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the ef fe c t
o f ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the data .
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s in
a v e rage pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n f lu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m pa y
fo r o vertim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta a r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t s of ch an ge an y s ig n i f i c a n t e f fe c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t io n s
in the g r o u p a r e t ota le d.
The a g g re g a te s fo r 2 consecutive y e a r s a re
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 s h o w s the p e r c e n t
o f c h an ge.




6

7

T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in R iv e r s id e —S a n B e r n a r d in o —O n ta r io , C a lif.,
D e c e m b e r 1971 an d D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2 , an d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in du stries
Weekly earn ings
P eriod

Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Ind ustrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

M anufacturing

Hourly earn ings
Skilled
m aintenance
trad e s
(men)

U nskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

In d ustrial
n u rse s
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
m aintenance
trad e s
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (August 1967 = 100)
Decem ber 1971______________________________
Decem ber 1972______________________________

129.1
133.4

141.6
149.2

130.4
142.9

124.1
130.4

128.3
135.7

141.3
149.8

130.1
142.6

124.5
131.5

P erce n ts of change 1
November 1959 to Septem ber I960:
10-month in c re a se ________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e ___________________

3.3
4.0

4.6
5.5

2.8
3.4

2.8
3.4

2.1
2.5

5.1
6.2

3.0
3.6

3.5
4.2

2.5
2.7
3.3
3.2
4.7
5.2

1.0
2.9
2.8
2.8
4.5
5.2

1.9
2.4
10.5
- 3 .8
4.1
6.1

1.9
2.9
2.2
2.1
1.0
6.6

4.6
2—
.4
7.1
1.4
5.7
6.5

1.0
2.9
3.7
.4
4.0
5.6

1.6
2.1
11.6
-4 .7
4.0
6.3

.1
2.4
5.1
1.0
2.8
6.5

3.8
4.2

5.7
6.2

- .6
- .7

3.0
3.3

.9
1.0

5.7
6.2

-1.4
-1.5

4.0
4.4

August 1967 to October 1968: 3
14-month in c re a se ________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e ___________________

7.1
6.1

15.4
13.1

12.1
10.3

6.5
5.5

10.4
8.9

15.3
13.0

12.7
10.8

8.0
6.8

October 1968 to D ecem ber 1969: 3
14-month in c re a se ________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e _________________ _

6.9
5.9

4.7
4.0

5.3
1.5

4.9
4.2

6.0
5.1

5.6
4.8

5.1
4.4

7.3
6.2

Decem ber 1969 to Decem ber 1970 3 __________
D ecem ber 1970 to Decem ber 1971 3 __________
Decem ber 1971 to D ecem ber 1972 3 4 -----------

6.5
5.9
3.3

9.3
7.3
5.4

5.1
5.2
9.6

3.7
7.2
5.4

5.8
3.6
5.8

9.1
6.3
6.0

4.8
4.8
9.6

2.8
4.5
5.6

Septem ber I960 to Septem ber 1961__________
Septem ber 1961 to Septem ber 1962___________
Septem ber 1962 to Septem ber 1963 14_______ __
3
2
Septem ber 1963 to Septem ber 1964 3 _________
Septem ber 1964 to Septem ber 1965 3 _________
Septem ber 1965 to Septem ber 1966 3 _________
Septem ber 1966 to August 1967: 3
11 -month change_________________________
Annual rate of change_____________________

1 All changes a re in c re a se s u n less otherw ise indicated.
2 This d e c re a se r e fle c ts a lower proportion of employment reported in high-wage estab lish m en ts rath er than wage d e c r e a s e s.
3 Changes are affected by the inclusion of "p r o g r e s s - sh a r in g " bonus m entioned in footnote 4.
4 Elim inating the effect of paym ents under a "p r o g r e s s - sh a r in g " plan in 1 m anufacturing establish m en t would re su lt in the following p ercen ts
of change between Decem ber 1971 and D ecem ber 1972: All in d u strie s— office c le r ic a l (3.2), in du strial n u rse s (5.6), skilled m aintenance (7.9), and
unskilled plant (5.3); m anufacturing— office c le r ic a l (5.0), in du strial n u rse s (6.2), skilled m aintenance (7.8), and unskilled plant (5.5).




8

A. Occupational earnings
Table A-1. Office occupations: Weekly earnings
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif., December 1972)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Num ber
of
workcre

M um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—
$

M ean ^

(standard)

M edian £

AND

WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
CLASS B

S

t

t

70

75

80

90

75

80

90

100

OPERATORS*

$

$

1 1 * .0 0

/ n
y rt

n

3

0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 *1 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0 - 1 5 8 .5 0

40

1 * 2 .0 0
1 * 0 .0 0
1 * 3 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0

* 0 .0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0

4 0 *0

1 5 7 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0 1 3 7 .5 0 -

113
104

*

t

i

1

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2 *0

250

n o

120

130

1 *0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

2 *0

250

260

8
25

2*

13

10

9

20

*o lo

36

2*
10

63
3*
29

6

112
44
68

1 7 7 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0

56

13

1 * 6 .0 0

1 * * .0 0

00
44

LL A j j

* 0 .0
40 0
*0 ^ 0

) 50
1 5 8 .5 0

1 6 6 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 - * . -»0

1 0 * .0 0

44

BOYS

AND

GIRLS)-

53

* 0 .0

00

8

8 8 .0 0

8 3 .0 0

23
23

21

9

*

19

3

4

i

1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 7 5 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 7 9 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 1 7 2 .0 0

18
1
17

15
32

72
50
22

1 5 6 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0 1 7 9 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 2 3 2 .0 0

1

9

9 2 .5 0

3

8

-

29

2

1

11

**4

t9
19

11

£

2*

-

10
10

2

19

10

8

8
8 0 .5 0 -

3

3

J

6

8

8
8

24

8

8

8 9 *0 0

23

1

2

8

10

3

13

9

1 2 * .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

3

9

3-2

8

8 * .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

/ 0. a
4n'0

113

11

8

1 *2 .0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0

j

17
11

i

(OEFICE

t

$

130

1

329
136
195

MESSENGERS

t

t

120

$
$
1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

* 0 .0

T9

1> U r L K tX 1 UK j |

t

*

n o

COMBINED

163

* LT ' U

s

t

100

and
under

M iddle ranged

70

MEN

$

17

65

w eekly

$

$

9

i

i

l

8
1 5 0 .5 0

1 5 * .0 0
^ A A 1 5 * .5 0
*
7a a
1 5 3 .0 0
/A A 1 9 1 . 5 0
0#

1 *9 .5 0
1 9 2 .5 0

XA A

,

43
36

166 00
f A A
4°*° 1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 * 00
1 6 *.5 0

250

1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 3 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

113

AA A 1 6 2 . 5 0
'0
0 1 6 5 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
* 0 .0

283

1 * 0 .5 0

Ia A
g A*A
4 0 .0
1 * 0 .5 0

1 3 7 .0 0

1 2 *.0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

13

1 3 9 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .0 0

* 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

332
298
29

13*
118
102

1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 *.0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0

113

1 3 9 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




'0 0

37
1

*9
36

12

35
15
20

19

29

31

27

31

1

16

20

8

11

15

6*
*2
22

*0
16
2*

13

19

8

Z
3
1
2

16

10

8

1*
17

to
13
20
15

4

n
n
n

n

1
26
18

a

7

13
22

17
16

1

1

15

10

12

10
TO
8

12

3

8

51
30
21

11

10

8

10

20
10

22
36

8

18

38
18
20

23
1*

8
1 3 3 *0 0

58

41

17

*

i n* n
59

63

*2

9

1 * 2 .0 0 -1 9 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

109

2

2
2

7
.

9
T a b le A -1. O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, River side— Bernardino—
San
Ontario, Calif., December 1972)
W eekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num ber

o
f

1
1

A verage
w eekly
(standard

(
65

M ean 1

M edian

*

M iddle range

^

ANO

$

$ ....

S

90

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

75

80

90

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

12

11

$

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

90^0

9 5 .5 0

91 t
9 1 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0

78
55

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0

CLASj A

71

58

See footnotes at end of tables.




17
17

ft

it

-

13

3

27

8

9
2

1

_

l

C

9 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0

^0

TYrlSiSi

*

80

WOMEN COMBINED —
CONTINUED

109

SWITCHBOARD

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t
(
*
$
*
*
S
S
t
s
*
t

S

S
75

t

290

t

250

and
under
70

MEN

i
70

0

1 1 8 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 - 1 9 9 .0 0

19

90.0

1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0

17

19

23

-

12
12

1

12

1

1
2

2
10

5

-

250

260

10




T a b le A -1 a . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s —a d ju s te d *
(Average straight-time weekly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division,
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C alif., December 1972)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly earnings 1 (standard)
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Men and women combined
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B ____________________

31

$
114.00

$
118.00

$
115.50-122.50

Clerks, accounting, c lass A_________________________________
Manufacturing______________________ _____________________

163
84

141.50
140.00

137.50
132.50

126.00-158.50
126.00-157.50

C lerks, accounting, c la ss B________________________________
Manufacturing_________________________ _________________ _

329
134

110.00
105.00

105.00
103.50

99.00-116.50
98.50-113.50

Clerks, order______________________________________________

113

157.50

157.00

138.50-177.50

Clerks, payroll___ _________________ ______________________ _
Manufacturing__________________________ ________________

73
56

145.50
143.00

147.00
144.00

125.50-167.00
124.00-167.50

Keypunch operators, c la ss A________________________________
Manufacturing_________________________________________ _

80
44

146.00
153.50

155.50
157.00

117.50-176.50
142.00-160.00

113
69

107.00
108.00

104.00
105.00

94.00-122.00

53

88.00

83.00

80.50- 92.50

S ec re ta rie s________________________________________________
Manufacturing__________ _________________ ___________

630
332

152.50
152.50

150.50
152.00

132.00-173.00
133.50-173.50

Secretaries, c lass B_____________________________________
Manufacturing________________________________________

79
43

172.50
166.00

168.50
172.00

156.00-190.00
153.50-179.50

Secretaries, c lass C_____________________________________
Manufacturing________________________________________

250
137

160.00
161.00

163.00
163.00

139.00-176.00
142.00-175.00

Secretaries, class D_____________________________________
Manufacturing

283
149

140.00
140.00

137.00
136.50

124.00-152.50
125.50-151.00

Manufacturing___________________________________________
M essengers (office boys and g ir ls )________________________

Stenographers, general_____________________________________

118

124.50

115.00

105.00-132.50

Stenographers, senior______________________________________
Manufacturing— _______________________________________

113
54

138.00
143.50

139.50
144.50

123.00-156.00
135.50-162.00

Switchboard operators, cla ss B _____________________________

109

95.50

91.00

83.50-112.00

Switchboard operator-receptionists__________________________
Manufacturing______-__ -________________________________ _

78
55

114.00
119.00

105.00
117.50

101.00-132.50
102.50-134.50

Typists, c la ss A __________________________________ _________

71

114.50

107.50

98.00-119.00

Typists, c lass B ______________________________ ____________

77

117.00

117.00

86.00-144.00

* Data presented are sim ilar to the preceding table except that payments under a "p rogress-sh arin g” plan in 1 manufacturing
establishment are excludedSee footnotes at end of tables.

11 |
T a b le A -2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Riverside— Bernardino—
San
Ontario, Calif., December 1972)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workere

1
t

A
vcra
weekly
Mean

(standard

^

Median

^

Middle ranged

AND

WOMEN

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-S
*
%
s
$
*
$
$
$
s
t

$

*

s

$

t

$

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

200

210

220

230

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

200

210

220

230

240

2
2

-

11
11

-

-

*

1

21
21

-

-

2
2

_

4

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

5

3

1

5

-

12
11

4

3

1

5

2

_

240

250

250

260

COMBINED
$

$

$

$

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

50
38

40.0 170.50 167.50 145.00-195.50
40.0 160.00 166.50 143.50-168.50

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

32
30

-

-

40.0 206.50 187.50 182.00-233.00
40.0 206.50 187.50 181.50-234.00

A --------------------------------------------

1

1

B --------------------------------------------

63
48

40.0 171.50 159.50 153.00-202.50
40.0 163.50 157.50 153.00-164.00

*

“

2
2

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

94
34

40.0 156.00 152.00 125.00-186.00
40.0 193.00 201.00 174.00-204.00

24

-

14

_

*

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S , C L A S S AM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

30
30

40.0 197.00 201.50 186.00-204.00
40.0 197.00 201.50 186.00-204.00

_

-

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

32
30

40.0 193.50 189.00 165.50-231.00
40.0 195.50 192.50 167.00-231.00

_

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

s

125

and
under
125

HEN

s

*

120

See footnotes at end o f tables.




-

*

_

-

2
”

1
1

“

16
16

11
11

9
9

2
2

16

1

1

2

2

-

-

"

3
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

-

-

.

-

2
2

_

_

2

7
7

-

9
1

-

1
1

_

_

-

8
8

-

_

_

_
-

_

-

_
-

4
2

i
i

9

-

3

2
2

3
3

16
16

-

2
2

2
2

-

3

16
16

_

2

3

-

1
1

-

-

2

2
2

*

-

1
1

_

_

*

3

3

3

2

2

2

2

2

1

3

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

1

-

9
9

-

_

_
-

_

12




T a b le A -2 a .

P r o f e s s io n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s : W e e k ly e a r n in g s —a d ju s t e d *

(Average straight-tim e weekly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division,
Riverside-San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif., December 1972)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly earnings 1 (standard)
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Men and women combined
Computer operators, c la ss B ________________________________
Manufacturing___________________________
- ---- ------ -

50
38

$
170.50
160.00

$
167.50
166.50

$
$
145.00-195.50
143.50-168.50

Draftsmen, c la ss A -----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing--------- -- ----------------------- ----- ----------

32
30

203.50
203.50

187.50
187.50

182.00-233.00
181.50-234.00

Draftsmen, c la ss B _________________________________________
Manufacturing________ ___________________________________

63
48

171.00
163.00

159.50
157.50

153.00-195.00
153.00-164.00

Electronics technicians_____________________________________
Manufacturing____________________________________________

94
34

156.00
193.00

152.00
201.00

125.00-186.00
174.00-204.00

Electronics technicians, c la ss A___________________________
Manufacturing______ ____________ __ __ ___ ____ _______

30
30

197.00
197.00

201.50
201.50

186.00-204.00
186.00-204.00

N urses, industrial (registered)_______________—_____________
Manufacturing________________________________ -__________

32
30

188.00
189.50

189.00
192.50

165.50-212.00
167.00-212.00

* Data presented are sim ilar to the preceding table except that payments under a "p rogress-sh arin g" plan in 1 manufacturing
establishment are excluded.

See footnotes at end of tables.

13
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by se x

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif., December 1972)
A ve rage

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
[standard)

OFFICE

OC CUPATIONS

-

W eekly
e arn in g s1
(standard)

MEN

96.50

WOMEN

B -------------------------------------------------

31

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

158
ei
77

CLASS

114.00

40.0 141.50
40.0 139.50
40.0 144.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

308
125
183

40.0 109.00
40.0 104.00
40.0 112.50

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

63
46

40.0 141.00
40.0 136.50

80
44

40.0 148.50
40.0 158.50

113
69
44

40.0 107.00
40.0 108.00
40.0 105.50

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS,

M ANUFACTURING
KEYP UNCH

CLASS

A -----

-------------------------------

OPERATORS,

CLASS

B -----

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------G IR LS I

----------

See footnote at end of tables.




27

80.50

h

(O F F IC E

A ve rage

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

153.50
154.00
153.00
191.50

79
43
36

40.0 172.50
39.5 166.00
40.0 180.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

246
133
113

40.0 162.00
40.0 164.00
40.0 159.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

283
149
134

40.0 140.50
40.0 140.50
40.0 140.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

118
102

40.0 126.00
40.0 121.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

113
54
59

40.0 138.00
40.0 143.50
40.0 133.00

109
109

40.0
40.0

W eekly
standard)

TYPIS TS ,

CLASS

A

----------------------------------------

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

PRO FE SS IO N AL

AND

W eekly
e arn in g s1
(standard )

-

$

----------------------------------

N O NM A N U F A CT U R IN G

of

workers

O F F IC E OC CU PATIO NS
W U M E — C O N T I lU irO

626
328
298
29

Num ber

Sex, occupation, and industry division

-

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

71

$

115.00

77
58

40.0 118.00
40.0 114.50

36

43.0 174.50
40.0 206.50
40.0 206.50

T E C H N IC A L

OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

CLASS

B ---------------

MANUFACTURING
SE C R ETAR IE S,

S W IT C H BO A RD

CLASS

D ---------------------------

OPERATORS,

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
S W IT C H BO A RO

MESSEN GE RS

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard )

WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

o

-

OPERATORS,

*

OC CUPATIONS

o

O FFICE

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E

----------

OC CU PATIO NS

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

O

26

BOYS!

of

O
4-

M ESSENG ERS

O

95
95

o

C L E R K S , O RD ER ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

N um ber
workere

OFFICE

$
40.0 162.00
4 0 .0 162.00

(O F FIC E

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CLASS

B --------

----------------------------------

O PE R A TO R -R E C E P T IO N IST S-

M A N U FA C T U R IN G

-----------------------------------------

78
55

95.50
95.50

40.0 114.00
40.0 119.00

------------------------------------------

32
3G

DRAFTSMEN, C LASS
MANUFACTURING

B ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

56
41

40.0 173.00
40.0 164.00

94
34

40.0 156.00
40.0 193.00

30
30

40.0 197.00
40.0 197.00

32
30

40.0 193.50
40.0 195.50

DRAFTSMEN,

E LECTRO NICS

CLASS

A

TE C H N IC IA N S

M ANUFACTURING
e l e c t r o n ic s

-------------------------

------------------------------------------

t e c h n ic ia n s

M A N U FA C T U R IN G

AN D

OC CU PATIO NS
IN D U STRIAL

MANUFACTURING

,

c l a s s

a

-

-----------------------------------------

PR O FE SS IO N A L

NURSES,

-------------------------------------

-

TE C H N IC AL
WOMEN

(R E G IS TE R E D )

------

-----------------------------------------

14
T a b le A -3 a .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s , by s e x — a d j u s t e d *

(A verage straight-tim e w eekly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, R iverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C alif., Decem ber 1972)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
w orkers

A verage
weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

O ffice occupations—
men
95

$
162.00

26

C lerks, order -------------------------------------

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
w orkers

A verage
weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

O ffice occupations—
women— Continued

96.50

Number
of
w orkers

Average
weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

Office occupations—
women— Continued

S ecre ta ries----------------------------------------

626
328

$
152.50
152.00

S ecretaries, class B----------------------Manufacturing------------- ---------------

O ffice occupations—
women

Sex, occupation, and industry division

79
43

172.50
166.00

S ecretaries, class C-----------------------

246
133

159.50
160.00

Typists, class B __________________________

77

$
117.00

Profession al and technical
occupations—
men
Computer operators, class B ________ ___

114.00

158
81




118
113
54

146.00
153.50

109

107.00
108.00

78
55

114.00
119.00

27

80.00

71

94
34

156.00
193.00

30
30

197.00
197.00

32
30

188.00
189.50

95.50

113
69

172.50
163.50

138.00
143.50

80
44

56
41

124.50

140.50
135.50

174.50
203.50
203.50

140.00
140.00

109.00
104.00

63

Keypunch operators, class B______ ____ —

283
149

308
125

Manufacturing__________________________

141.50
139.50

36

Electronics technicians, class A-------

31

32
30

E lectronics technicians__________________

Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B___________________________________

114.50

Switchboard operator-receptionists______

Professio n a l and technical
occupation s—
worn en
Nurses, industrial (re gistered )__________

*

Data presented are

sim ilar to the preceding table except that payments under a "p ro gress-s h a rin g” plan in 1 manufacturing establishment are excluded.

See footnotes at end of tables.

15

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u rly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Riverside—
San Bernardino-Ontario, C alif., December 1972)
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings

i
*
t
1 ---- 1----- 1--- »-----*
3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.1 0 4.20

Num
ber

Occupation and industry division

of

*
S
*
*
*
»
*
*
4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4.90 5.00

»
5.10

t

(

5.20

5.40 5.60

(

i

I

I

5.80 6.00 6.20

and
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
—
—
a nd
under
3.60 3,70 3*80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4,20 4,30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4,80 4,90 5,00 5.10 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.29 «.ver

MEN

ANO

WOMEN

COMBINED

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

114
62
52

$
4.83
4.69
5.01

$
4.85
4.91
4.83

$
4 .7 3 4 .1 6 4 .7 6 -

$
5.00
5.16
4.89

“

-

2
2
*

“

6
6
"

i
i

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --MANUFACTURING ------------------

394
340

5.38
5.34

5.62
5.62

5 .1 3 - 5.69
5 .1 1 - 5.67

_

-

-

”

1
1

6
6

5
*

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ------------------

282
278

5.38
5.37

5.63
5.63

5 .0 7 - 5.67
5 .0 7 - 5.66

-

5

*

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

248
160
88
51

5.36
5.39
5.30
5.23

5.43
5.46
5.38
5.61

4 .9 1 4 .8 7 5 .1 3 4 .4 6 -

5.93
6.42
5.74
5.92

“

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ------------------

530
522

5.00
5.00

5.01
5.01

4 .8 1 - 5.45
4 .8 1 - 5.45

*
4

_

-

-

-

?
*

1

,

4.91
4.65

3.96

5.07

* A ll workers w ere at $ 6.40 to $ 6.60.
See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

“

-

-

*

22
2
20

26
6
20

16
16
-

-

7
7

3

3

6
6

-

“

*
*

11
11

8
8

24
24

7
7

2
2

“

-

_
*

-

5

*

_
*

12
12

“

3
3
“

14
14
“

"

18
14
*
*

*

14
14
14

-

- •

5
“

_

66
66

-

3
-

_
*

_

-

-

2
2

55
55

*

*

_

-

*

5

>.00

5.09

*•93

78
78

4.84
4.84

5.04
5.04

4 .4 0 - 5.32
4 .4 0 - 5.32

-

1
1

-

5
5

12
12

195
195

_
-

34
*

_

13
12

2
2

182
182

1
1

3
-

i
1

5
5
-

22
22
1

17
14
3
3

*6
24
22
11

15
15
15

-

*50

12
12

14
9

180
180

34
34

_
*

1
1

2
2
-

14
14
-

5

8
8

51
51

19
*

22
22

32
32

-

6
6
-

27
27
-

6
3
3
3

45
45

87
87

26
26

2
*

6

5.35

86
TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

-

“

14
14

-

*

2

“

2

2
2

8
8

8
8

*
4

8
8

1
1

-

“

1
1

”

-

50

i
1
*
*

5?
3
tn

27
*

5

14
14

8
8

18
18

*
*

-

”

-

_

"




T a b le A -4 a .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o ccu p atio n s:

H o u rly e a rn in g s —a d ju s te d *

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division,
R ivers ide—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C a lif., D ecem ber 1972)
Hourly earnings 3

Number
of
w orkers

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Carpenters, m aintenance---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing__________________________________________________

114
62

$
4.78
4.59

$
4.81
4.77

$
$
4.72-4.93
4.16-4.94

Electricians, maintenance---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing___________________________________________________

394
340

5.17
5.10

5.08
5.06

5.02-5.28
5.01-5.15

Machinists, maintenance-----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing___________________________________________________

282
278

5.05
5.04

5.05
5.05

5.01-5.08
5.01-5.08

Mechanics, automotive
(m aintenance)-------------------------------------------------- ---------------Manufacturing___________________________________________________

248
160

5.34
5.35

5.35
5.00

4.85-5.93
4.82-6.42

Mechanics, maintenance------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing___________________________________________________

530
522

4.83
4.83

4.86
4.86

4.80-4.96
4.80-4.96

Painters, maintenance--------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing_____ _____________________________________________

44
29

4.70
4.48

4.83
4.56

4.52-4.93
3.96-4.96

Occupation and industry division

Men and women combined

P ip e fitte rs, maintenance__________________________________________

86

4.83

4.81

4.75-4.95

Tool and die m a k e rs_______________________________________________
M anufacturing__________________________________________________

78
78

4.84
4.84

5.04
5.04

4.40-5.32
4.40-5.32

* Data presented are
establishment are excluded.

sim ilar to the preceding table except that payments under a "p ro gress-s h a rin g" plan in 1 manufacturing

See footnotes at end of tables.

17
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif., December 1972)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f —

Hourly earn in gs3

i
$
$
*
$
t
*
*
i
i
*
S
$
S
%
»
$
%
i
$
%
*
%
1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3 60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00

Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

an d
under

an d

1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3 80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6,00

MEN

AND

WOMEN

over

COMBINED

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

129

$
3.57

$
3.92

$
$
2 .8 8 - 4.43

2

6

GUAROS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

85

3.89

4.41

3 .8 2 - 4.46

-

6

-

3

1

3

2

1

-

3

2

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

1,072
285
787

2.62
3.23
2.40

2.25
3.41
2.13

2 .0 7 - 3.22
2 .5 6 - 3.87
2 .0 5 - 2.54

5
5

31

447
25
422

130
23
107

88
38
50

24
6
18

27
15
12

48
31
17

57
3
54

66
19
47

4

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

386
266
120

3.71
3.75
3.60

3.67
3.70
3.55

3 .3 0 - 4.16
3 .6 1 - 4.13
2 .7 1 - 4.88

_

10
10

9
9

5
5

4

_

34
34

40

4

*

34
26
6

ORDER FILLERS -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

240
232

3.68
3.68

3.84
3.84

2 .7 9 - 3.88
2 .7 9 - 3.88

-

12
12

6
6

6
6

39
39

_

-

-

-

“

“

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

111
49
62

3.80
3.97
3.67

3.87
3.88
3.67

3 .4 4 - 4.35
3 .8 1 - 4.20
3 .0 3 - 4.35

-

2

i

2

6

13
8
5

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

50
27

3.44
2.97

3.62
2.60

2 .5 9 - 4.03
2 .5 5 - 3.8,2

-

-

31
5

5
-

“
-

7

1

3

18

9

3

40

*

2

i

2

6

3

9

2
2
*

-

-

-

14
14

6
6

-

-

-

*

*

*

“

3

17

4

2

18

3

4

45

12

3

4

45

4

99
96
3

28
18
10

n
u
-

77
77
-

54
54
“

31
31

45
44
1

8
“

133
133

-

_

5
5

27
27
*

7
“

5
5

-

_

7

_

-

7

~

2

-

8

24
24

_

_

-

-

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

“

8

18
18

-

-

-

“

-

-

12
9
3

-

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

9

11

-

-

9

11

7

.

-

6

“

-

5
3
2

2

1
-

29
25
4

18
18

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

77
43
34

i
1

53
53

20
20

“

*270
200
70

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------

69

3.46

3.28

3 .0 3 - 4.05

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

13

12

2

3

-

18

1

7

TRUCKDRIVERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------nonm anufacturing ------------------------

1,314
653
661

4.50
4.78
4.22

4.47
4.48
4.45

3 .5 9 - 5.43
3 .7 9 - 6.24
3 .5 4 - 5.05

-

_

36

16
16

22
22

3
3

29
18
11

26
20
6

143
122
21

26
4
22

34
34
“

64
50
14

no
15
95

206
90
116

86
32
54

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

464
151
313

3.99
3.97
3.99

4.26
4.16
4.28

3 .5 4 - 4.53
3 .4 5 - 4.44
3 .7 3 - 4.57

12
9
3

26
20
6

32
19
13

5

34
32
2

135
59
76

50

_

7

i

5

9
9
“

98

-

*

50

“

7

i

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

449
219
230

4.61
4.06
5.13

4.48
3.93
5.42

3 .6 1 - 5.43
3 .5 5 - 4.50
4 .4 6 - 6.02

*

“

“

“

111
103
8

17
17

25
25
“

8
8

10
10

70
30
40

14
10
4

28
25
3

43
16
27

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

452
392

4.09
3.97

4.06
4.01

3 .7 5 - 4.44
3 .5 9 - 4.42

-

“

16
16

63
63

21
21

21
21

68
68

79
66

36
27

99
95

-

5
5

-

44
10

WAREHOUSEMEN ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

155
90

4.09
4.15

3.99
3.90

3 .8 5 - 4.55
3 .7 2 - 4.65

_

_

1
1

4
4

8

18
18

49
16

30

-

13
13

20
19

12
12

_

_

_

7

_

*
W orkers were distributed as follow s:
* * A ll workers were at $6 to $6.20.
See footnotes at end of tables.




-

36
18

-

-

*

-

63
63
18

6

13

-

-

18

18

6

13

“

*

*

“

“

-

-

_

-

-

_

“

“

-

-

“
-

-

.

70 at $6 to $6.20; 120 at $6.20 to $6.40; and 80 at $6.40 to $6.60.

3

95

_

_

_
-

_

_

-

.

_

~

53

_
-

**70
70

-

-

-

_

_

_

53

-

_

_

-

-

_




T a b l e A - 5 a . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s :
H o u r ly e a r n in g s —a d ju s te d *
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division,
R ive rsid e—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C alif. , D ecem ber 1972)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
w orkers

Hourly earnings 3
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
3.48

$
3.92

$
$
2.88-4.15

Men and women combined
Guards and watchmen..--------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing___________________________________ _______________

129

Guards
Manufacturing________ _______________________________________

85

3.75

4.12

3.82-4.17

Janitors, porters, and cleaners-------------------------------------------Manufacturing---------------------------- ------------------------------------

1,072
285

2.60
3.17

2.25
3.41

2.07-3.22
2.56-3.58

L a b o rers, m aterial handling_____________ __ __________________
Manufacturing______________ ____ ________— ---------------- ----- --

386
266

3.70
3.74

3.67
3.70

3.30-4.14
3.61-4.00

O rder f i l l e r s ---------------------------------- ------------ ------------------------

240

3.68

3.84

2.79-3.88

R eceivin g c le r k s ------------- ---------- ------------ ---------------------- -----Manufacturing-----------------------------------------------------------------

111
49

3.80
3.97

3.87
3.88

3.44-4.35
3.81-4.20

Shipping c le r k s -------------- ----------- — ---------------- — ---------------

50

3.44

3.62

2.59-4.03

Shipping an d receiving cl e r k s ________ ____ ___ ______________ __ ___

69

3.46

3.28

3.03-4.05

T r u c k d r iv e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing_____________________________________ ____________

1,314
653

4.48
4.75

4.45
4.44

3.59-5.43
3.79-6.24

Tru ckdrivers, medium ( 1V2 to
and including 4 ton s)__________________________________________
Manufacturing
__

464
151

3.95
3.88

4.21
4.12

3.54-4.53
3.45-4.17

Truckdrivers, heavy (o ver 4 tons,
tra ile r typ e )_________________________ ________________________
Manufacturing
___

449
219

4.61
4.05

4.48
3.93

3.61-5.43
3.55-4.49

Truckers, power (fo r k lift).____________ -___—_________-___________
Manufacturing-----------------------------------------------------------------

452
392

4.03
3.90

4.05
4.01

3.75-4.18
3.59-4.14

Warehousemen.----------- ------------- ---------- -— ----------------------Manufacturing------------ -------- -------------- - — — — _

155
90

4.06
4.11

3.99
3.90

3.85-4.26
3.72-4.65

* Data presented are
establishment are excluded.

sim ilar to the preceding table except that payments under a "p ro gress-s h a rin g" plan in 1 manufacturing

See footnotes at end of tables,

T a b le A -6 . M a in te n a n c e , po w erp lant, custodial, and m aterial handling
occupations: A v e ra g e hourly earnings, by sex
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d occ up ati on s by in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n ,
R iversid e—
San B e r n a r d i n o —O nt a r io , C a l i f . , D e c e m b e r 1972)

Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

(m e a n *)
hourly
earnings3

MA I NTFNANC L AND PilWERPLANT
Hf.CUPAT IONS - M
EN

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - MEN--C0NTINUED

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

7*1
256
*85

$
2.7*
3.17
2.52

5.38 LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------MANUFACTURING -------------------5.3*
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------5.38
5.37 ORDER FILLERS ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

386
266
120

3.71
3.75
3.60

237
229

3.66
3.66

5.36 RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------5.39
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------5.30
5.23
SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------5.00
5.00 SHIPPING ANO RECEIVING CLERKS -----

110
*9
61

3.82
3.97
3.69

*2

3.62

69

3.*6

*.82 TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------*.65
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------5.08
TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING * TONS) ----------* . 8*
MANUFACTURING -------------------* . 8*
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

1,308
653
655

*. 5 1
*.78
*.2*

*6*
151
313

3.99
3.97
3.99

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER * TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

**9
219
230

*.61
*.06
5.13

129

3.57 TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFACTURING --------------------

*52
392

*.09
3.97

85

3.89 WAREHOUSEMEN ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

155
90

*.09
*.15

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

11*

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING ----------------

39*
3*0

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ----------------

282
278

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

62
52

2*8

160
88

51

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ----------------

530
522

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------

**
29

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -------

86

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------

78
78

CUS TOO IAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING —
GUARDS
MANUFACTURING —

See footnotes at end of tables.




A verage
(m e a n ^ )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

*.83
*.69
5.01




T a b l e A - 6 a . M a i n t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s t o d i a l, an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t
o c c u p a t i o n s : A v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s , by s e x — a d j u s t e d *
(A vera g e straight-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations, by industry division,
R ive r side—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C a lif., December 1972)
Num ber
of
w orkers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
(m ean1 )
hourly
earnings 3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
w orkers

Average
(mean1 )
hourly
earnings 3

Custodial and m aterial handling
occupations—
men— Continued

Maintenance and powerplant
occupations—
men
114
62

____

Mechanics, automotive
(m aintenance)--------------------------------------------

741
256

$
2.73
3.13

394
340
Manufacturing______ ___________________

$
4.78
4.59
5.17
5.10

386
266

3.70
3.74

282
278

5.05
5.04

237
Receiving c le r k s _______________________________
Manufacturing-___-______________________ __

248
160

5.34
5.35

530
522

4.83
4.83

no
49

3.82
3.97

3.46

1,308
653

4.49
4.75

464
151

3.95
3.88

449
219

4.61
4.05

452
392

4.03
3.90

Warehousemen------------------------------------------

155
90

4.06
4.11

4.83
4.84
4.84

69

4.70
4.48

78
78

3.62

Truckers, power (fo r k lift)____________________

-

44
29
86

Manufacturing_____________________ _ __ _

42
Shipping and receivin g c le r k s --------------------Tru ckdriver s___________________________________

Mechanics, maintenance-------------------------------Manufacturing_____________________ ________—

Truckdriver s, medium (1 Vz to
Manufacturing___________________________
Tool and die m a k e rs----------------------------------Manufacturing------- -------------------------- ----Custodial and m aterial handling

Manufacturing

Guards and watchmen
129

3.48

85

3.75

Guards

* Data presented are
establishment are excluded.

Truckdrivers, heavy (o ver 4 tons,

sim ilar to the preceding table except that payments under a "p ro gress-s h a rin g" plan in 1 manufacturing

See footnotes at end of tables.

21

B. E sta b lis h m e n t practices and su p p lem en tary w a g e provisions
T a b l e B -1.

M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s

(D istrib u tion o f establish m ents studied in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivision s by m inim um entrance s a la ry fo r sele cted c a tego rie s
o f in exp erien ced women o ffic e w o r k e r s . R iv e r s id e —
San B ern ardin o— n tario, C a lif. , D e ce m b er 1972)
O
In experienced typists

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 5

*

Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly stra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

A ll
industries

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Based on standard w eek ly hours 6 o f—
A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

A ll
industries

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eekly h ou rs6 o f—
A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

E stablishm ents studied__________________________________

126

46

XXX

80

XXX

126

46

XXX

80

XXX

E stablish m ents having a sp e cified m inim u m _______________

32

14

13

18

18

45

18

17

27

26

1
1
3
1
1
6
4

1
1
3
1
1
6
3

$67.50 and under $70.00__________________________________
$70.00 and under $72.50__________________________________
$72.50 and under $75.00__________________________________
$75.00 and under $77.50__________________________________
$77.50 and under $80.00__________________________________
$80.00 and under $82.50__________________________________
$82.50 and under $85.00 _______________________________________________
$85.00 and under $87.50__________________________________
$87.50 and under $90.00 _______________________________________________
$90.00 and under $92.50 _______________________________________________
$92.50 and under $95.00 _______________________________________________
$95.00 and under $97.50
__________________________________________
$97.50 and under $100.00 ________________________________________ —
$100.00 and under $102.50 ____________________________________________
$102.50 and under $105.00 ___________________________________________
$105.00
$110.00
$115.00
$120.00
$125.00
$130.00
$135.00
$140.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under $110.00_______________________________
under $115.00________________________________
under $120.00_______________________________
under $ 125.00____________________________
under $130.00_______________________________
under $ 135.00_______________________________under $ 140.00---------------------------------------o v e r ___________________________________________________________

E stablish m ents having no sp e cified m in im u m __________________
Establishm ents which did not em ploy w ork ers
in this ca te g o ry _____________________________________________________________
—

See footn otes at end o f tables.




1
2
1
1
1
3
3

_

_

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

5
3
1
1
1

5
3

5
3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
1
1
1
2
1

2
1

2
1

-

-

-

1
1
2
1

1
1
2
-

_

_

-

-

1

1
1
1

1
3
3

-

-

-

1
1
1

1
2
4
2
1
6
4

-

-

1
2
i
2

_

1
3
3

-

1
1

_

1
-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2
i
i

-

1
1
2

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

4

3

XXX

i

90

29

XXX

61

-

i

-

i

-

i
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

1

_

_
i
-

-

2
2
2
-

-

1

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

-

i
-

-

2

-

1
1
-

-

2
2

-

1
1

-

-

1
-

i

-

-

-

2
4
2
1

-

-

-

2

1
2
i
i

-

-

1

1

1

-

2

i

i

XXX

10

5

XXX

5

XXX

XXX

71

23

XXX

48

XXX

22




T a b le B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e and a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
R i v e r s i d e —San B e r n a r d in o —O n t a r io , C a l i f . , D e c e m b e r 1972)

(A U jila n tw o rk ers ^ i^ jT n a riu fa c tu rin g ^ ^ O O ^ p ^ rce n t^
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n tw o rk e rs —
In esta b lish m e n ts having p r o v is io n s 7
fo r la te sh ifts

L a t e - s h ift pay p r o v is io n

A c tu a lly w ork in g on la te sh ifts

Second sh ift

T o ta l___________ _______________________________

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift

Second sh ift

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift

84.0

78.3

19.0

10.0

No pay d iffe r e n t ia l fo r w o rk on la te s h ift______

_

P a y d iffe r e n t ia l fo r w o rk on la te s h ift__ -_-___

84.0

78.3

19.0

10.0

—

68.8

53.3

15.9

8.8

6 c e n t s ___________________________________
10 c e n ts -------------------------------------------12 cen ts _________________________________
12 Vz c ent s________________________________
13 cen ts
------- -- _ ____________________
14 cen ts______-________________________ - __
15 c en ts__________________________________
16 c en ts_______________________________
17 c en ts________________________________ _
I 7 V4 c e n ts ______________________________
18 cen ts_______________________________ -—
19 cen ts___________________________________
20 cen ts___________________________________
21 c en ts__________________________________
24 c e n ts __________________________________
25 c e n ts __________________________________
38 c en ts— ______________________________

2.4
30.7
14.0
2.2
2.0
1.6
4.8
1.5
1.3
4.5
1.4
2.5

_

.

.

T y p e and amount o f d iffe r e n t ia l:
U n ifo rm cen ts (p e r h o u r )___

________

_

-

2.2
26.0
4.2
1.2
1.3
3.4
5.0
1.6
4.6
2.5
1.4

-

-

.9
8.2
3.0
.7
.5
.4
.2
.3
.5

.6
.5

.4
-

-

-

_
.5
4.9
1.3
.1
-

.6
.4
.7
-

.2

-

6.3

4.7

2.2

5 p e r c e n t _________________________________

1.7

.2

-

10 p e r c e n t _______________________________
15 p e r c e n t________________________________

3.7

1.4

1.0

3.7
1.0

.5

.3
( 8)

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ced h ou rs_______

4.4

2.1

.3

-

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ced h ou rs plus
cen ts d iffe r e n t ia l_________________________

3.0

15.0

.3

.5

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ced hours plus
p e rc e n t d iffe r e n t ia l-----------------------------

1.4

3.1

.3

.3

U n iform p e r c e n t a g e ---------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .

.4

23

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs and d ays

(P e r c e n t o f p lan tw orkers and o ffic e w o ric e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis io n s by scheduled w eek ly hours and days
o f fir s t -s h ift w o rk e rs , R iv e rs id e —San B ern ardin o— n tario, C a lif., D ecem b er 1972)
O
O ffic e w o rk e rs

P la n tw o rk e rs
W eekly hours and days
A ll industries

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

100

20 hours— 5 days__________________________________
34 hours — 6 days__________________________________
35 hours— 5 days__________________________________
36V4 hours— 5 days_______________________________
37*/i hours— 5 days_______________________________
38 hours— 5 days________________________________
38Y4 hours— 5 days_______________________________
40 h o u rs ___________________________________________
4 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ___________________________________________
42 hours— 5 V2 days_______________________________
42V2 hours— 5 days_______________________________
44 hours— 5V2 d a y s ___________________ _________
45 h o u rs ____________________________________________
5 d a y s ___________________________________________
6 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------48 hours— 6 days__________________________________
50 hours— 5 days__________________________________

1
1
1
1
2

See footnote at end of tables.




n
85

A ll industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

1 00

-

-

2
1

-

_

_
_
-

_
-

Manufacturing

100

5
87

P u b lic u tilitie s

-

100

-

n

(’ )

i
98
98
-

P u blic u tilities

4
96
96
_

1

2

-

84
1
1
1
2
1
(’ )
3
1

85
2

100

-

-

-

-

n

_
100

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

1 00

_

_
_

_

-

_

-

_

-

n

24

T a b le B -4 .

A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s . R i v e r s i d e —San B e r n a r d in o - O n t a r io , C a l i f . , D e c e m b e r 1972)

O ffic e w o rk e rs

P la n tw o rk e rs
Item
A ll industries

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________

—

W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________
W ork ers in establish m en ts p rovid in g
no paid h o lid a y s _________________________________

Manufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Pu b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

92

98

100

99

99

100

8

2

-

( 9)

( 9)

-

1
1

1
n

-

Num ber of days
L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s _____________________________
5 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
6 h olidays plus 1 h alf day________________________
7 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------7 h olidays plus 2 h alf d a y s ______________________
8 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
8 h olidays plus 1 h alf day________________________
9 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------9 h olidays plus 1 h alf day_______________________
10 h olidays________________________________________
11 h olidays_______________________________________—
13 h olid a ys------ ---------------------------------------------

1
2
17
n
5

n
25
1
33
4
3

2
11
~
4
17
3
48
7
6
-

60
34
3
-

12

n
3
2
35
10

27
1
4
3
n

_

1

(9)
11
5
14
1
47
12

-

9

4

55

41
-

-

T o ta l holiday t im e 1
0
13 days. _ ________________________________________
11 days o r m o r e __________________________________
10 days o r m o r e . . . .
--------------------------------9 V2 days o r m o r e ________________________________
9 days o r m o r e _____ ________ ____________________
8V2 days o r m o r e ________________________________
8 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
7 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
6V2 days o r m o r e _________________________________
6 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
5 days o r m o r e ______________ _____________________
4 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------3 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
1 day o r m o re _________________ ____________________

See footnotes at end o f tab les.




-

3
7
7

40
41
66
72
72
89
91
91
91
92

.
6
13
13
60
63
80
84
84
95
98
98
98
98

-

3
3
37
37
97
97
97
99
99
99
100
100

n
3

8
9
36
46
83
86
86
98
98
98
98
99

_

_

9
21
21

-

68
69
82
88
88
98
99
99
99
99

-

41
41
96
96
96
99
99
99
100
100

25

T a b le B -4 a .

Id e n tific a tio n o f m a j o r p a id h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y p a id h o lid a y s . R i v e r s i d e

San B e r n a r d in o O n t a r io , C a lif . , D e c e m b e r 1972)

O ffic ew o rk ers

P la n tw o rk e rs
H oliday
A ll industries

A ll w o rk e rs

________________________________

New Y e a r 's D a y__________________________________
W ashington's B irthday----------------------------------Good F r id a y ______________________________________
Good F rid a y , h alf d a y ___________________________
E a ster Sunday____________________________________
M e m o ria l Day____________________________________
Fourth o f July____________________________________
L a bor Day_________________________________________
A d m ission o f State Day__________________________
Columbus Day_____________________________________
V eteran s Day_____________________________________
Th anksgivin g D a y ________________________________
Day a fter Thanksgivin g__________________________
C h ristm a s E ve____________________ _____________
C h ristm a s E ve, h alf day________________________
C h ristm a s Day---------------------------------------------A ll w orking days between C h ristm as Day and
New Y e a r 's E ve 1 --------------------------------------1
New Y e a r 's E v e __________________________________
F loating holiday, 1 day 12_______________________
F loating holiday, 2 days 1 _______________________
2
F loating h oliday, 3 days 1 ___________________ —
2
E m p lo y ee's b irth d a y__________________________ _

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




Manufacturing

Pu b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Pu b lic u tilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
26
27

98
11
46

99
97
34

99
10
50

-

-

-

99
56
16
11

99
96
9

95
98
96

100
99
99
15

7
88
92
90
2
-

-

18
91
35
19
2
92

8
98
66
38
3
98

3

6
2
20
4
2
8

1

12
3
1
15

-

29
100
18
3
-

99
4
6
-

29

-

98
99
98
29

-

96
99
97
-

4

1

15
99
27
12
3
99

99
67
40
1
99

3
2
12
3
3
11

4

9
7
24
1

5
9

-

100
99
99
14
-

29
100
43
-

-

99
1
12
-

29

26

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

(P e r c e n t of plantworkers and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y p r o v is io n s , R i v e r s i d e —San B e r n a r d in o —O n t a r io , C a lif . , D e c e m b e r 1972)

O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers

Vacation policy
All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

94
88
6

98
89
7
2

100
100

99
98

100
100

-

1
"

99
98
1

i
6

2

“

1

5
8

10

-

-

71
4
18
1

All w o rk ers________________________

73
4
18
3

30
1
59
4

44

38

2

49
5

62

96
2

Method of payment
W orkers in establish m ents providing
paid vacation s--------------------------------Length-of-tim e paym ent----------------P ercentage payment_________________
O ther----------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacation s_____________________

(9 )

■

Amount of vacation pay13
After 6 months of serv ice
Under 1 week___________________________
1 week_________________________________
2 w eek s------------------------------------------

5

_
21

2
48
2

5
40
7

27
1
71

15
2
78
4

_

28

After 1 year of serv ice
70
30
_

1

69
31
_

A fter 2 y e a rs of serv ice

Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________

—

_

_

-

(9 )

3
_

_

91
6

100
-

A fter 3 y e a rs of serv ice
4
1

83
4
2

1

6
_

82
5
5

_

100
_

(9 )

95
2
2

2
-

87
6
5

-

100
-

After 4 y e a rs of serv ice
2

1
82

1

4
-

-

93

_

2

_

3

3

2
1
62
6
23
1

_

_

69
5
18
2

99

5

(9 )

100

82
5
6

1
-

83
6
10

-

100
-

After 5 y e a rs of serv ice

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




4

_

_

1
.
_

(9 )
(9 )

74
2
23
1

(9 )

(9 )

55
4
38
2
(9 )

-

98
-

2
-

27

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is io n s ,

R i v e r s id e —
San B e r n a r d in o —O n ta r io ,

Plantw orkers

Vacation policy

C a lif.,

D e c e m b e r 1972)

Officeworker s

All industries

Manufacturing

2
12
1
72
3
4
(9)

4
8
76
2
7
-

5
95
-

(’ )
9
(9)
86
1
4
(9)

(’ )
5
"
81
2
11
(9)

14
86

2
9
3
73
3
4
n
-

4
2
2
78
2
8
-

5
95
-

(9)
8
(9)
86
1
4

(9)
2
1
80
2
13
“
(’ )

14
86

2
8
n
59
3
22
1
-

4
2
69
2
20
-

5
91
4
-

(9)
2
75
2
21

14
85
“
1

(’ )

'

2
8
n

4
2

-

(9)
2
"
12

2
18

73
2
11
(9)

80
*

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation p ay13— Continued
After 10 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week--------------------------------------------------2 w eeks__________________________ __________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s___________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks___________________
4 w eeks------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eek s___________________
5 w eeks_____________________________________

-

A fter 12 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week______________________________________
2 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s___________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s___________________
4 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks________ ________
5 w eeks_____________________________________

(9)

“

After 15 years of service
1 week______________________________________
2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks___________________
3 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks___________________
4 w eeks------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eeks-------------------------5 w eeks------------- -----------------------------------

(9)
6
77
1
15
(9)

After 20 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week--------------------------------------------------2 w eeks_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s-------------------------3 w eeks----------------------------------------------—
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s___________________
4 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s___________________
5 w e e k s_____________________________________
6 w eek s_________________________________i----

-

33

45

1
37
1
12
"

36
2
8
"

-

25
75
“

(9)
5
~
28
“
61
1
5
(9)

_

After 25 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week______________________________________
2 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s___________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s-------------------------4 w e e k s_____________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s___________________
5 w eeks_____________________________________
6 w eek s_____________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




2
8
n
18
1
45
1
19

4
2
20
-

53
2
16

-

3

“
78
20

(9)
5
"
17
64
i
13
(9)

(9)
2
“
12

-

63
2

20
(9)

-

2
"
2
■
70
"
26

28

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Pe rcent of plantw orkers and officew orkers in all in dustries and in industry divisions by vacation pay p rovision s, R iversid e—
San Bernardino-O ntario, C alif. , Decem ber 1972)
O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers

Vacation policy
All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

2
8
(9)
18
1
42
1
21
1

4
2
-

-

(9)
5

20
50
2
18
1

3
67
30
-

-

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay13— Continued
A fter 30 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week---------------------- ----------------------------2 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s___________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s___________________
4 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s___________________
5 w e e k s_____________________________________
6 w eek s_____________________________________

-

-

n
2

2

17

12

2

59
1
18
n

62
2
22
(9)

39
57
-

n
5

(9)
2

2

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Maximum vacation available
1 week_______________________________________
2 w eek s_____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s___________________
3 w eeks---- --------------------------------------------4 w e e k s — — — — -------- —
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 and under 5 w e e k s ----------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 6 w eek s______________________________________
O v er 3 and under

See footnotes at end of tab le s.




2
8
n
18
1
42
1
21
1

4
2
-

20

-

-

-

-

-

3

17

50
2
18
1

67

59
1
17

62
2
22

(!)

(’ )

-

30
-

-

(9)

_
2
39
-

57
-

29

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in all in dustries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension b en efits, R iv ers ide—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, C a lif., Decem ber 1972)
Plantw orkers
Type of benefit and
financing 14

All industries

All w ork ers_____________________________

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing at
le ast 1 of the benefits shown below_________

95
88
77
75
65

Life in su ran ce___________________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance_______________________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
Sickn ess and accident insurance or
sick leave or both15_____________________

Manufacturing

100

Office worker s
Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

98

100

99

100

100

92
88

100
88

98
76

99
86

100
69

83
78

72
60

77
60

96
82

73
41

65

70

61

89

89

100

Sickn ess and accident in suran ce_______
Noncontributory p la n s______________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)_______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)________________________

15
11

19
18

1
1

10
6

15
12

2
2

28

29

28

72

81

52

30

32

33

13

5

48

Long-term disability in suran ce--------------Noncontributory p la n s_________________
H ospitalization in su ran ce_________________
Non contributory p la n s_________________
Surgical in suran ce________________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
M edical in su ra n ce _______________________
Noncontributory p la n s____ ___________
M ajor m edical in su ra n ce _________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
Dental in su ran ce _________________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________
Retirem ent pension_______________________
Noncontributory p la n s_________________

30
28
93
76
94
77
94
77
89
73
38
32
70
61

49
46
96
89
98
91
98
91
94
85
45
43
84
74

8
8
100
80
100
80
100
80
100
80
10
3
59
59

49
36
99
65
99
65
99
65
97
63
38
22
82
69

65
48
100
91
100
91
100
91
100
83
42
36
88
74

15
15
100
54
100
54
100
54
100
54
14
2
86
86

See footnotes at end of tab les.




30

Footnotes
A ll

of th ese

stan d ard

fo o t n o te s

m ay

not

a p p ly

t o t h is

b u lle t in .

1 S tand ard h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f t h e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n t h e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
The m id dle
r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f t h e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n t h e h i g h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d
w orkw eeks.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r .
6
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , an d f o r t h e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r l a t e
s h ifts , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g la t e s h ifts .
8
L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th a n 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s t h a t a d d t o t h e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w i t h 9 f u l l d a y s a n d no h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s an d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s an d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on.
P ro p o rtion s
then w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 T h e s e d a y s a r e p r o v i d e d a s p a r t o f a C h r i s t m a s —N e w Y e a r h o l i d a y p e r i o d w h i c h t y p i c a l l y b e g i n s w i t h C h r i s t m a s E v e an d end s w i t h
1
N e w Y e a r 's Day.
S uc h a h o l i d a y p e r i o d i s c o m m o n in th e a u t o m o b i l e , a e r o s p a c e , an d f a r m i m p l e m e n t i n d u s t r i e s .
B ecau se of y e a r - t o - y e a r
v a r i a t i o n in th e n u m b e r o f w o r k d a y s d u r i n g th e p e r i o d , p a y f o r a S u n d ay in D e c e m b e r , f r e q u e n t l y r e f e r r e d t o a s a " b o n u s h o l i d a y , " m a y b e
p ro v id e d to e q u a lize each y e a r 's to ta l h olida y pay.
12 " F l o a t i n g " h o l i d a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r t o y e a r a c c o r d i n g t o e m p l o y e r o r e m p l o y e e c h o i c e .
1 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u i v a l e n t
3
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and d o not
n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s at 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n 5 an d 10
years.
E s tim a te s a r e c u m u lative.
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r a t l e a s t 3
w e e k s ' pay a fte r fe w e r y e a rs of s e r v ic e .
14 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n l y t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
18 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S ic k l e a v e p lans a r e
l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t t h e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t e a c h e m p l o y e e c a n e x p e c t .
In fo r m a l sick lea v e
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
at




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The p rim ary purpose of preparing job d escriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecau se of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in terare a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job d escriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other p u rp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u reau 's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le arn ers; beginners; train e es; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
C LER K, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
cle rical work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p urp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
c la ssifie d by type of machine, as follows:
B ille r, machine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p r e p a re bills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ec e ssa ry extensions, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to prepare cu sto m ers' bills a s part of the accounts receivable o p e ra­
tion. G enerally involves the sim ultaneous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A. Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articu lar accounting system
used. Determ ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a record of one or m ore ph ases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. P hases or section s include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under b iller,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of trial balances and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to r e g iste rs and led g ers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accuracy various types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractices and procedures
which relate s to the c le ric al p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
prin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




P osition s are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Under general supervision, p erform s accounting c le rical operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, cle rically processing com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and cla ssific a tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ssiste d by one or m ore
c la ss B accounting c le rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p ro­
cedu res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting c le rical operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, ca rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib ed accounting codes.
C LE R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and retriev es m ate rial in an established filing system . May perform
cle ric al and m anual task s required to m aintain file s. Positions are cla ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. C la s sifie s and indexes file m aterial such a s correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s. May also file this m ate rial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file c le rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, cod es, and files u n classified m ate rial by sim ple (subject matter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m aterial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-re fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and fo r­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to m aintain and service files.
C la ss C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been c la ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se ria l classificatio n system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or n um erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple c le rical and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice files.
C L E R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' ord e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p rice s to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to m ake up the o rder; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled. May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating o( custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord ers from custom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled, keep file of ord e rs received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LER K, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ece ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production record s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a s s is t pay m aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: Since the la st survey in this a re a , the Bureau has (1) discontinued collecting data for Com ptometer o p e rato rs, (2) changed
the electron ics technicians c la ssifica tio n from a single level to a three level job, and (3) begun collecting data for warehousemen.

31

32
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SEC R E T ARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch machine to reco rd or verify alphabetic and/or num eric data on
tabulating ca rd s or on tape.

NOTE: The term "corp orate officer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe r s to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctiv ities. The title "vice p re sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice presiden ts whose prim ary respon sibility is to act p e r­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or cred it actions;
adm in ister individual tru st accounts; d irectly su p ervise a cle ric al staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e r s" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

P osition s a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, in terpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasip n m ay a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p e ra to rs.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under clo se supervision or following specific
p roced ures or in struction s, works from variou s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows sp ecified procedures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p ervisor
problem s a risin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
M ESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s variou s routine duties such a s running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such a s s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned a s person al se c r e ta r y , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
respon sive relation sh ip to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied c le ric a l and se c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m o st of the following:
a. R eceives telephone c a lls , p erson al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in q uires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;
b.

E sta b lish e s, m aintains, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r 's files;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts p rep ared by others for the
su p e rv iso r 's signature to a ss u r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and proced ures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
E xclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s se s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. Exam ples
of positions which a re excluded from the definition a re a s follow s:
a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" secre tary concept d escribed above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers servin g a s office a ssista n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an agerial p erso n s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or
substan tially m ore com plex and resp on sible than those characterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore respon sible tech­
nical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which are not typical of
se c r e ta r ia l work.




C la ss A
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su b sid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s s B
1. S ecre ta ry to the chairm an of the board or presiden t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre ta ry to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, rese arch , operations, industrial relation s, etc.) or a m ajo r geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or
5. S ecre ta ry to the head of a large and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a middle
m anagem ent su p e rv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving as many a s sev e ral
hundred person s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss C
1. S ecre ta ry to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for c la ss B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev eral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre ta ry to the su p erv iso r or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); cir
2. S ecre ta ry to a n onsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al em ployee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assign
sten ograp h ers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s as d escribed above, to this level of sup ervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in gs, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NO TE: This job is distinguished from that of a se cre tary in that a se c re ta ry norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and p erform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary task s as d escribed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s, keep sim ple reco rd s,
or perform other relatively routine c le ric a l ta sk s.

33
STENOGRAPHER—Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)—Continued

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific rese arc h . May also set up and m aintain files, keep re c o rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g rea ter independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general bu sin ess
and office procedure; and of the specific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licies, p ro ce ­
d ures, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible cle ric al task s such a s m aintaining followup files; assem bling m aterial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs; composing sim ple le tters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A. O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
complex c a lls, such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard o p erator, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone information serv ic e occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information p urp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance c a lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone information se rv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p urp oses, or if the requ ests a re routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
specific nam es are furnished, or if com plex c a lls are referred to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erators in telephone com panies who
a s s is t cu sto m ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le rical work as part of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajo r part of this w ork er's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such a s the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p reter, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay a lso operate
EAM equipment.

P ositions are cla ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. P erform s com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring respon sibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g reports or parts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep orts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by c la ss C o p erato rs. May be required to do some wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C . Under specific in struction s, op erates sim ple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such as the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine reco rd s. May a lso type from written copy and do sim ple clerical work.
Workers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal brie fs or rep orts on scien tific rese arch a re not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is cla ssifie d as a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to m ake copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been m ade by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
ria ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do c le rical work involving little special training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from sev eral so u rces; or respon sibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte r s, varying details to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
d rafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance p o licies, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro gram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, c a rd s, etc.); switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and op erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to c o rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; reviews e rr o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating rec o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
program .
F or wage study p u rp o ses, computer o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p rogram s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a­
tions, diagn oses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rogram s or segm ents of program s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s described for c la ss A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ram s. U sually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p rog ram s.

C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p rogram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents a re of c ritic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s are of com plex design so that identification of e rro r source often requ ires a
working knowledge of the total program , and alternate p rogram s may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

C la ss B . O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s a re established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing

Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from charts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p recise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation




34
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
of data to achieve d esired r e su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge of
com puter cap ab ilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iagram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow ch arts to show o rder in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for machine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rogram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lters
p ro gram s to in crease operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d as system s an alysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp on sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
and /or engineering problem s.
F or wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p rac tic e s. Working from d ia­
gram s and ch arts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationsh ips between variou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between o p eration s, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ra m ers who a re assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ram s. P rogram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or fo rm ats. Reports
and listin gs are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re readily av ailable. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c e sse d , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as d escribed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level p rogram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing m ore difficult ta sk s under fairly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m ers.
C la ss C . M akes p ractical applications of program ing p ractices and concepts usually
learned in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine p roblem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required p ro ced ures.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes busin ess problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specifications needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital computer p ro g ra m s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c rite r ia required
to achieve satisfacto ry re su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tria l runs of
new and revised sy stem s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an aly sis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering problem s.
For wage study p urp o ses, system s analysts are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all phases of system s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iv erse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (For exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a ly sis, and sa le s an alysis record in which




COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with p erson s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s subject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or revised sy stem s of data p ro cessin g operations. Makes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor sy stem s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s an alysts who are a ssign ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because so u rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining d epositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a reta il establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with p erson s concerned to determ ine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and receives instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgment, com pliance with
in struction s, and to in sure proper alinement with the overall system .
C la ss C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an alyses as assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for system s an aly sis work. For exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed sp ecification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having iistinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting preceden ts. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and p arts. Works with a minimum of supervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the app li­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b a sse m b lie s with irreg u lar shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between components; p rep ares a rc h i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssary
com putations to determ ine quantities of m a te ria ls to be used, load ca p a citie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requirem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Com pleted work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p urp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates d etails from a number of sou rces
and adjusts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
preceden ts, and advice on source m ate rials are given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work may be spot-checked during p ro g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visualized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on variou s types of electronic equipment and related devices by perform ing one
or a combination of the following: Installing, m aintaining, rep airin g, overhauling, troubleshooting,
modifying, constructing, and testin g. Work req u ires p ractical application of technical knowledge
of electron ics p rin cip le s, ability to determ ine m alfunctions, and sk ill to put equipment in required
operating condition.

35
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN—Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN—Continued

The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circu its or m ultiple repetition
of the sam e kind of circuit— includes, but is not lim ited to, the following: (a) Electronic tr a n s ­
mitting and receiving equipment (e.g ., rad a r, radio, telev isio n , telephone, son ar, navigational
aid s), (b) digital and analog com puters, and (c) in dustrial and m edical m easuring and controlling
equipment.
This c lassificatio n excludes repairm en of such standard electronic equipment as common
office m achines and household radio and television se ts; production a sse m b le rs and t e ste r s; work­
e rs whose p rim ary duty is servicin g electronic te st instrum ents; technicians who have adm in is­
trative or sup ervisory respon sibility; and draftsm en , d esig n e rs, and p rofession al engineers.
P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually com plex problem s
(i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ilar documents) in working on electronic equipment. E xam ples of such problem s include
location and density of circu itry , electro-m agnetic radiation, isolating m alfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the in terrelation ­
ships of c ircu its; exercisin g independent judgment in perform ing such task s a s making circuit
an aly ses, calculating wave fo rm s, tracin g relationsh ips in signal flow; and regu larly using
com plex test instrum ents (e.g ., dual trac e o sc illo sc o p e s, Q -m eters, deviation m ete rs, pulse
g en erators).
Work m ay be reviewed by su p erv iso r (frequently an engineer or d esigner) for general
com pliance with accepted p rac tic e s. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss B . Applies com prehensive technical knowledge to solve com plex problem s (i.e .,
those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ila r documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with
the in terrelation sh ips of circu its; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instrum ents, usually le s s com plex than those used by the c la ss A technician.

R eceives technical guidance, as required, from su p erv iso r or higher level technician,
and work is reviewed for sp ecific com pliance with accepted p ractice s and work assignm ents.
May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform sim ple or routine task s in
working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all
proced u res. Work typically involves such task s a s: A ssistin g higher level technicians by
perform ing such a ctivities as replacing components, wiring c ircu its, and taking test readings;
repairing sim ple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instrum ents (e.g.,
m u ltim eters, audio signal g en erato rs, tube te st e r s , o scillo sco p es). Is not required to be
fa m ilia r with the in terrelation sh ips of circu its. This knowledge, however, m ay be acquired
through assign m en ts designed to in cre ase competence (including cla ssro o m training) so that
worker can advance to higher level technician.
R eceives technical guidance, as required, from su p ervisor or higher level technician.
Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignm ents
are involved.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)
A reg iste re d nurse who gives nursing serv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other person s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d re ssin g of em ployees' in juries; keeping record s
of patients treated ; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes; assistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing-out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other a ctivities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing su p e rv iso rs
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CA R PEN TER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n e c e ssa ry to construct and m aintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such a s bins, c r ib s, counters, benches, p artition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , c a sin g s, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal instruction s; using a
variety of c arp e n te r's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak ­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m a te ria ls n e c e ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ir e s station ary b oilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or op erates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such a s the in stallation, m aintenance, or
rep air of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
tr ic a l equipment such as g en erato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circu it b r e a k e r s ,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctric a l equipment; and using a v ariety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easu rin g and testing
instrum ents. In general, the work of the m aintenance e lectrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay a lso sup ervise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, g e n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbin es, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b o ilers and boiler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment r e p a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem p erature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p ervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer a re excluded.




H E LPE R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the sk illed m aintenance tra d e s, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such a s keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m ate rials or
too ls; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trade to trade: In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and tools, and cleaning working a re a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or p arts of a trade that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of m achine tools, such as jig b o rers,
cylindrical or su rface grin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
sp eed s, tooling, and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requ isite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re s s too ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P roduces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making rep a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's

36
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—Continued

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

handtools and p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to clo se to le ran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working p roperties of
the common m eta ls; selectin g standard m a te ria ls, p a rts, and equipment required for hiB work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p e cu liarities and types of paint required for different app lica­
tions; preparing su rface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and in te rstice s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requ ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R e p airs autom obiles, bu ses, m otortruck s, and tr a c to rs of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Exam ining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
a ssem blin g equipment and perform ing re p a irs th^t involve the use of such handtools a s w renches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem b lin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting v alves; reassem b lin g and installing the various
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In gen eral, the work of the automotive m echanic requ ires
rounded train in g and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce.
This c la ssific a tio n does not include m echanics who rep a ir cu sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep a ir shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R e p airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following; Examining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or partly dism antling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a m achine shop for m ajo r r e p a ir s; preparing written specification s for m ajor rep a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of a m aintenance mechanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded from this c la ssific a tio n a re w orkers whose p rim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m o st of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and installing and m aintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such as d riv es and speed red u cers. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally requ ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

In stalls or re p a irs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following; Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specification s; cutting variou s size s of pipe to
co rrect lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecification s. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating sy stem s are excluded.
SH EET -M ET A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep a ir the sh eet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such a s machine guards, g re a se pans, sh elves, lo ck e rs, tan ks, v en tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sh eet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and installing sheet-m etal a rticle s
a s required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and re p a irs m achine-shop tools, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or d ies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop computations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eeds, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te r ia ls, tools, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F o r cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m ak e rs in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMEN
G uard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining ord er,
using a rm s or force where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s period ically in protecting property again st fire ,
theft, and illeg al entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an o rderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, tra sh , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tu re s or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor maintenance se rv ic e s; and cleaning lav ato rie s,
show ers, and re stro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.




LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tra n sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in acco rd ­
ance with sp ecification s on sa le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o rd e rs, or other instruction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p erv iso r, and perform other related duties.

37
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or sto rage by placing them in shipping con­
tain e rs, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; in serting en clo sures in container; using e x ce lsio r or other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso m ake wooden boxes or crate s are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is respon sible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m a te ria ls. Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping p ro ­
cedu res, p rac tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and rate s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch a rg e s, and keeping
a file of shipping rec o rd s. May d irect or a s s i s t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other rec o rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m ate rials to proper departm ents; and maintaining n e c e ssa ry
record s and file s.

TRUCKDRIVER— Continued
follow s:

F or wage study p u rp oses, tru ck d riv ers are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra c to r-tra ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tra ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m ate rials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study p u rp oses, w orkers are c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

F or wage study p urp o ses, w orkers are c la ssifie d a s follow s:

WAREHOUSEMAN

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

As directed, p erform s a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding
of the e stablish m en t's storage plan. Work involves m ost of the following: Verifying m aterials
(or m erchandise) again st receiving docum ents, noting and reporting discrep an cies and obvious
d am ages; routing m a te ria ls to p rescrib e d storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m ate rials in accordance with p rescrib e d storage m ethods; rearran ging and taking inventory of
stored m a te ria ls; examining stored m ate rials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing
m ate rial from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in
perform ing warehousing duties.

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in du strial a re a to tran sp ort m a te r ia ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establish m en ts, or between retail establishm ents and
c u sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working o rder. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
over-th e-road d riv e rs are excluded.




Exclude w orkers whose p rim ary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping
and receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order filling (see order fille r), or operating power
trucks (see tru ck er, power).




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A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s tT h e f oll o w in g a r e a s a r e s u r ve y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in ad m in is te rin g the S e r v i c e C ontra ct A c t o f 1965.
w i l l be a v a ila b le at no cost wh ile supplies la st f r o m any of the B LS r e g io n a l o ff i c e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o —L as C r u c e s , N. M e x.
Ala sk a
Alb an y, Ga.
A m a rillo , Tex.
Atlantic C it y, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.— C.
S.
B a k e r s f i e l d , C ali f.
Baton Rouge, La.
B i l o x i , Gulfpor t, and P as c ago u la, M is s.
B r i d g e p o r t, N o r w a lk , and Stamford , Conn.
Ced ar R ap id s, Iowa
Champaign—Urbana, 111.
Cha rle ston, S.C.
C l a r k s v i l l e , Tenn., and H op k in s v ill e , Ky.
C olo rad o Springs, Colo.
C olum bia, S.C.
Columbus, G a —A la .
Corpus C h r is t i, T e x .
Cra ne, Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth—
Supe r i o r , Minn.— is.
W
E l P a s o, T e x .
Eugene— p rin g fie ld , O reg .
S
F a r g o — oo rh ea d, N. Dak.—
M
Minn.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N.C.
Fitc hb urg—L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k — ag e rs to w n , M d —P a —W. Va.
H
F r e s n o , C alif.
Grand F o r k s , N. Dak.
Grand Island—
Hastin gs , N eb r .
G ree n bo ro—
Winston Sa lem —
High Point, N.C.
H a r r i s b u r g , Pa.
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

C opies of public r e l e a s e s a r e or

Laredo, Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
L o w e r E a s te rn Shore, M d —Va.
Macon, Ga.
M arqu e tte , E sca nab a, S a u ltS te.
M a r i e , M ic h.
M e lb o u rne — i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F la.
T
( B r e v a r d Co.)
M eridian, M iss.
M id d l e s e x , Monmouth, Ocean, and S o m e r s e t
C os ., N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A l a .
N a s h v i l l e , Tenn.
N o r th e a s te r n M aine
N o r w ic h —
Groton— e w London, Conn.
N
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, F la .
Oxnard— im i V a l l e y —V entura, Calif.
S
Pana ma City, F la .
Ports m o u th , N . H —M aine— a s s .
M
Pueblo , Colo.
Reno, Nev..
Sa cram ento , C alif.
Santa B a rb a r a —
Santa M a r i a —L om p oc , Calif.
Sherman—D e n is o n , T e x .
S h re v e p o r t, La.
S p rin g field — hicop ee— o l y o k e , M a s s —Conn.
C
H
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson , A r i z .
Vallejo— a irfield —
F
Napa, C alif.
Wilm ingto n, D e l _N . J —Md.
Yum a, A r i z .

R e p o rts f o r the foll owing surve ys conducted in the p r i o r y ea r but since discontinued a r e als o availa b le :
Alp ena, Standish, and T aw as City, M ich.
A s h e v i l l e , N.C.
Austin, T e x . *
F o r t Smith, A r k —Okla.
Grea t F a l l s , Mont.
*

Expanded to an a re a wage s u r ve y in f i s c a l yea r

1973.

L e xin gto n, K y . *
P in e Bluff, A r k .
Stockton, C alif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Wichita F a l l s , T e x .
See inside back c o v e r .

The tw elfth annual r e p o rt on s a l a r i e s f o r accountants, audito rs, c h ie f accountants, a ttorn e ys , job an alysts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e rs on ne l, b u y ers , che m ists,
e n g in e e rs , e n gin eerin g techn icians, d ra ftsm e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B LS Bulletin 1742, National Su rvey of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s tr a ti v e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy, f r o m any of the B L S r e g io n a l sales o ff i c e s shown on the back cover', or f ro m FI7F
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. G overnm en t P rin tin g O f f ic e , Washington, D.C., 20402.




■ T U. S. C O V C R N M K N T P R IN T IN G OFFICE:
A

1 I 7 J - 7 4 * -1 9 * /9S




,

*

A re a W a g e S urveys
A lis t o f the la test ava ila b le bulle tins is pre s e nte d b elow. A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w ag e studies including m o r e li m i t e d studies conducted at the
r equest o f the E m p lo ym e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D epart m ent of L a b o r is a v ail ab le on req uest . Bulle tins m a y be purchas ed f r o m any of the B L S
r e g io n a l s ale s o f f i c e s shown on the back c o v e r , o r f r o m the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S. G ov e r n m en t P r in tin g O f f ic e , Washington, D.C., 20402.
Area
A k ron , Ohio, Dec. 1972---------------------------------------------A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1972--------------Alb uqu erqu e, N. M e x . , M a r . 1973------------------------------A lle n tow n — ethlehem—
B
Easton, P a . —N .J ., M a y 1972 1 —
Atlanta, G a . , M ay 1972 1 ------------------------------------------ _
Austin, T e x . , Dec. 1972 1 ------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1972 1 ______________________________
Beaumont— o r t Arthur—Orange, T e x . , M a y 1972______
P
Binghamton, N . Y . , July 1972_____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la . , M a r . 1972_____________________________
B o i s e C ity, Idaho, Nov. 1972 1 ____________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1 _______________________________
Buf fa lo, N . Y . , Oct. 1972 1 _________________________________
Burlington, V t . , Dec. 1972 1 ______________________________
Canton, Ohio, M a y 1972 1 __________________________________
C harleston, W. V a . , M a r . 1972 1 -------------------------------C harlotte, N .C . , Jan. 1973----------------------------------------Chattanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1972 1 ------------------------C hicago, 111., June 1972__________________ ___ ______________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1973------------------------C lev e la n d, Ohio, Sept. 1972 1 -------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1972 1 ______________________________
D a lla s , T e x . , Oct. 1972 * ------------------------------------------Dav enpor t—Rock Island— o lin e, Iow a—
M
111., Feb. 1973___
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1972___________________________________
D e n v e r, C olo., Dec. 1972------------------------------------------D es M oin es , Iowa, M ay 1972 1 ----------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h., Feb. 1972 ------------ _______—___________
Durham, N .C ., A p r . 1972 1----------------------------------------F o r t Lauderdale—H ollyw ood and W est P a l m
Bea ch, F la ., Ap r . 1972 * -----------------------------------------F o r t Worth, T e x . , Oct. 1972 1 -----------------------------------G r e e n Bay, W i s . , July 1972 1 ------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S.C., M ay 1972---------------------------------------Houston, T e x . , A p r . 1972------------------------------------------Hun ts vil le , A l a . , Feb. 1973---------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1 -----------------------------------Jac kson, M i s s . , Jan. 1973-----------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , Dec. 1972-----------------------------------Kansas City, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1972--------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M ass.—N .H ., June 1972*-----------H
Lexington, K y . , Nov. 1972 1 ---------------------------------------L ittle Rock—
Nor th L i ttl e Rock, A r k ., July 1972 1 -------Lo s A n g e le s —Long Bea ch and Anaheim —Santa A n a Gar den G r o v e , C a lif. , Oct. 1972 1----------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—In d., N ov. 1972---------------------------------Lubbock, T e x . , M a r . 1973-----------------------------------------M an c h es te r, N .H., July 1972 1 ----------------------------------M em p his , T e n n . - A r k . , Nov. 1972_______ ________________
M ia m i, F la ., Nov. 1972 1 __________________________________
Midland and O d essa, T e x . , Jan. 1973____________________

Bulle tin number
and p r i c e
1775-36,
1725-49,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1775-57,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40
30
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
30
50
75
65
50
35
35
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
40
40
40
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35
50
55
30
35
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M ilw au k e e , W i s . , M a y 1972 1 ______________________________
Min neapolis —
St. P a u l, Minn., Jan. 1973----------------------Muskegorr-Muskegon Heights , M ic h ., June 1972 1 ______
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1973--------------------N ew Haven, Conn., Jan. 1973-------------------------------------N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., Jan. 1973 ______________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1972 1_______________________________
N o r f o l k — i r g i n i a Beachr-Portsmouth and
V
N e w p o rt N ew s—Hampton, V a., Jan. 1973 1-----------------O klaho ma C ity , O k l a . , July 1972__________________________
Omaha, N eb r.—Iowa, Sept. 1972___________________________
P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1972 1 ____________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia, P a . — .J ., N ov. 1972------------------------------N
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1 ----------------------------------------P itts b u rgh , P a . , Jan. 1972_________________________________
P o r tla n d , M aine, N ov. 1972----- ---------------------------------P o r tl a n d , O r e g . —
Wa sh., M a y 1972 1 ---------------------------Poughk eep sie —K ingston—
New bu rgh, N . Y . ,
June 1972 1 --------------------------------------------------------------P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w ic k —
Pawtu ck et, R.I.—M a s s . ,
M a y 1972------------------------------------------------------------------R ale igh , N .C . , Aug. 1972-------------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., M a r . 1972 1 _______________________________
R iverside—
San B e r n a rd in o - O n ta rio , C a lif. ,
Dec. 1972 1 __________________________________________________
R oc h e s te r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e occupations only), July 1972___
R oc k ford , 111., June 1972 1 -----------------------------------------St. L ou is, M o.—111., M ar. 1972___________________________
Salt Lak e C ity , Utah, N ov. 19721_________________________
San Antonio, T e x . , M a y 1972__ ____ ______________________
San D ie go, C a lif. , Nov. 1972_______________________________
San F r a n c i s co-Oak land, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1 _____________
San J os e , C a lif. , M ar. 1972________________________________
Savannah, Ga., M ay 1972 1 _____________________________ ___
Scranton, P a . , July 1972___________________________________
Seattle— v e r e t t , Wash., Jan. 1973________________________
E
Sioux F a l l s , S. Dak., Dec. 1972 1 --------------------------------South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1973_______________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1 _______________________________
Syracuse, N . Y . , July 1972_________________________________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1972__________________
T o le d o , O h io - M ic h . , A p r . 1972 1 __________________________
T re n ton , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1 ___ ______________________________
U t ic a - R o m e , N . Y . , July 1972______________________________
Washington, D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 1972 1 _________________
W a te rb u r y, Conn., M ar. 1973--------------------------------------W a te r lo o , Iowa, N ov. 1972----------------------------------------Wic hita, K a n s . , A p r . 1972 1 _______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 1972 1 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , Feb. 1973_______________________________________
Y ou n gs to w n -W a rr e n , Ohio, Nov. 1972____ _______________

B ulletin number
and p ric e
1725-83,
177 5-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,
1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,
1725-80,
1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,
1775-60,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1775-56,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1775-58,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1775-59,
1775-19,

45
55
35
55
40
40

40
40
55
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
50cents
50cents
45cents
cents
cents
55cents
cents
40cents
cents
35cents
35cents

30cents
45cents
35 cents
_______
65 cents
45cents
3 5 cents
35cents
50cents
30cents
40cents
50cents
30cents
35cents
45 cents
40cents
40 cents
40cents
35cents
45 cents
45cents
35cents
55cents
45cents
70cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents /
35cents
40 cents
40 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102