View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

AREA W A G E SURVEY
Lubbock, Texas, M etro p o litan Area,
M arch 1973
B ulletin 1775-55




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u ll e tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a M a r c h 1973 s u r v e y o f occup atio nal
e a r n in g s in the L u b b oc k , T e x . , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a (Lubbock
C ounty). T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f th e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . T h e p r o g r a m i s d e s i g n e d t o y i e l d data f o r ind iv id u al
m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as w e l l as nation al and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Standard
M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in th e U n it e d State s , e xc lu d in g A l a s k a and H a w a i i , (as d e fin e d
b y the U.S. O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B ud get th ro ugh N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m i s th e need to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y of l a b o r m a r k e t s , through
the a n a ly s is o f (1) the l e v e l and d i s trib u t io n o f w a g e s by occupation, and (2 ) the
m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y oc c u p atio n al c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The program de­
v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , including w a g e and s a l a r y
a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant lo c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a l s o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s under the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m . (See l i s t of a r e a s on
in s id e back c o v e r . )
In e ach a r e a , o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually. In f o r m a t i o n on e s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y s eco nd y e a r in the p ast, is no w ob ta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r .
E ach y e a r a f t e r a l l
tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e
m etro po litan a r e a surveyed.
region al estim a tes, p ro jected

in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a ve been c o m p l e t e d ,
is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data f o r eac h
T h e s eco nd s u m m a r y b u lle tin p r e s e n t s na tion al and
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.

T h e Lu bbock s u r v e y w as conduct ed by th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
D a l l a s , T e x . , under th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f B o y d B. O ' N e a l , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not h a v e b een a c c o m p l i s h e d without
the c o o p e r a t i o n of the m any f i r m s w h os e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the b as is
f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in this b ulletin.
T h e B u r e a u w i s h e s to e x p r e s s
s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
A l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r the L ubbock a r e a a r e l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s f o r
buildin g t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a ti n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p i e s of th e s e a r e
a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See back c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

A R EA W A G E SU R VEY

V

Bulletin 17 75-55
M ay 1973

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

Lubbock, Texas, M etropolitan A rea, M arch 1973
C O NTENTS
Page

2
5

In tr od u c tio n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l group s
T a b le s :

4
6
7

9
9
10
11

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s with in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r studied
In d e x e s o f e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p atio n s , a d ju s te d f o r e m p l o y m e n t shifts

A.

8

1.
2,
3.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l . O f f i c e oc cup ations: W e e k l y e a r n in g s
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p atio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l occup atio ns: A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , by s e x
A - 4 . M ain t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t oc c u p atio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s

13 A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

In tro d u c tio n
(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i fo r m set of job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke ac coun t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s a m e job . T h e oc c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study are
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap pendix . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d , the
e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s tr ie s com b ined .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the occupation
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e eno ugh data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll
in d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , data a r e included
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not
available.

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 96 in w h i c h the U.S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co nd uc ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a l l y . 1
F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y t h i r d
year.
In e a c h o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p lo y m e n t
an d e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u lle t i n p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r type s u r v e y .

In eac h a r e a , data a r e ob ta ined f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s ; M a n u fa c t u rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , . and ot h e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tions and the c o n s t r u c ti o n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s tr ie s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y tend to f u r n i s h in s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o ccup atio ns studied
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e tabulation s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tion c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e , , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h ifts . N o n p r o d u c ti o n bonuses a r e e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
cluded. W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s tan da rd w o r k w e e k (rou n de d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f ho ur) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/ or p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e oc c u p atio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The s a m ­
p l i n g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
w i th i n the s c o p e o f an i n d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is
s e l e c t e d , w i t h eac h e s t a b l i s h m e n t havin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W h en data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e ach e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that un bia sed e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r te r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e rs . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o se n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no suit ab le sub stitute is a v a i l a b l e , a d d ition al w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e oc c u p atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and no nm anu fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g ty p e s ;
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l oc c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e chan ges. T h e a v e r ­
ages f o r i n d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y ch an ge s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m en t p a tte r n s .
F o r exa m p le, p ro p ortion s o f w o r k e r s em p lo yed by
h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s at l o w e r ra te s .
Such s hifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in tab le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d i v i d u a l jo b s w ith in the
g ro u p s.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y. (New Y ork portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N. Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—
Rome, N.Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In ­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and j o b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job. P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am ong jo b s in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

O c c u p a tion s and E a r n i n g s




2

3
A v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tions should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c on trib u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s in clu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , since
on ly the r a te s p aid in cum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s-urvey j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tions used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th es e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e used in in d iv id u a l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the study and not the nu m b er a c tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta in ed f r o m the s a m p le




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
tance o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p atio n al struc ture
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u ll e tin .
In f o r m a t i o n f o r th es e tab u la tion s, c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p ast, is now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e tabulation s on
m i n i m u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c hed uled w o r k w e e k ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s ion plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r ie s
t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r this a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in L u b b o c k , T e x . , 1
by m a jo r in d u s try d i v is io n /M a r c h 1 9 7 3
Minimum
employment
in estab lish m ents in scope
of study

Industry division

M anufacturing________________________________
Nonm anufacturing___________________________
T ran sp o rtatio n , com munication, and
other public u tilities 5__ _________________
W holesale trad e 6__ _______________ ________
R etail trad e 6 ______________ __ __________
Finance, in su ran ce, and re a l estate 6______
S e rv ic e s 6 7_____________ _ ______ . ______ _

Within scope of stud y4
Within scope
of stu d y 3

Studied

134
50
“

43
91

50
50
50
50
50

18
21
34
8
10

A ll d iv isio n s_____________________________

W orkers in establish m en ts

Number of establish m ents

Studied

Number

P ercen t

68

17,645

100

11, 823

22
46

5,734
11,911

32
68

3,914
7,909

ii
8
13
7
7

3, 094
1,724
5,545
923
625

18
10
31
5
4

2,468
734
3 ,407
862
438

1 The Lubbock Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A re a, a s defined by the Office of M anagement and Budget through Novem ber 1971, c o n sists
of Lubbock County. The "w o rk ers within scope of study" e stim a te s shown in this tab le provide a reason ably a ccu rate d escrip tion of the siz e and
com position of the labor force included in the survey. The e stim a te s a re not intended, how ever, to serv e a s a b a sis of com p arison with other
employment indexes fo r the a re a to m easu re employment tren d s or le v e ls since (1) planning of wage su rvey s re q u ires the u se of establish m en t data
com piled con sid erably in advance of the p ay roll period studied, and (2) sm a ll estab lish m en ts a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Ind ustrial C la ssificatio n Manual w as used in c la ssify in g estab lish m en ts by in dustry division.
3 Includes a ll establish m en ts with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the a re a ) of com panies in such
in d u strie s a s tra d e , finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e , and motion p icture th e ate rs a re con sid ered as 1 establish m en t.
4 Includes a ll w o rk ers in all e stablish m en ts with total employment (within the a re a ) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public
u tilitie s" in the A - s e r ie s ta b le s. T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sp ortation w ere excluded.
6 This in dustry division is rep resen ted in e stim a te s for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. S ep arate p resentation of
data fo r this division is not m ade fo r one or m ore of the following re a so n s: (1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough data to
m erit sep a rate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed in itially to p erm it sep a rate presentation, (3) resp on se w as in sufficien t or inadequate to perm it
sep a rate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re of individual establish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o tels; laundries and other p e rso n al s e r v ic e s; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s; autom obile re p a ir , ren tal, and parking; motion p ictu re s; nonprofit
m em bersh ip organ izations (excluding relig io u s and ch aritable organ ization s); and engineering and a rch ite ctu ra l s e r v ic e s.

In d ustrial com position in m anufacturing
Over one-fourth of the w ork ers within scope of the survey in the Lubbock a re a w ere
employed in m anufacturing fir m s . The following p rese n ts the m ajo r industry groups and
sp ecific in d u stries a s a p ercent of a ll m anufacturing:
Industry groups

S p ecific in d u strie s

Food and kindred products____ 40
M achinery, except e le c t r ic a l.. 23
Printing and publish ing_______ 9

Construction and related
m achinery'___________________ 17
M iscellan eous food and kindred
produ cts_____________________ 13
Meat p ro d u cts_________________ 9

Th is inform ation is b ase d on e stim a te s of total employment derived from un iverse
m a te ria ls com piled p rio r to actu al survey. P rop ortion s in v a rio u s industry d ivision s may
differ from p roportion s b ased on the re su lts of the survey a s shown in tab le 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s.
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d urin g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b trac tin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t chan ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in dex. T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n ge s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a te d d ate s. Annual r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths when the t i m e
per.iod b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m onths.
T hese com pu­
ta tio n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a con stant
rate b etw een su rveys.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not intended to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay
ch an ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a lu e o f 100 p e r c e n t . T h e in d e x is c om p u te d by m u l t i ­
p ly i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
change plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the next s u c c e e d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (com p oun d) e ach y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th‘e p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
exc lu s iv e o f earnings f o r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e changes in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e xclud ing
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te shifts .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
pations and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s within
eac h gro up.

M e th o d o f C om p u tin g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y oc c u p atio n s w ith in an oc c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p is a s s i g n e d a con st ant w e i g h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge, as m e a s u r e s o f chan ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n flu e n c e d b y;
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y ind iv id u al
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c han ges in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to chan ges in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
Changes in
the l a b o r f o r c e can cau s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the oc c u p atio n al
a v e r a g e s with out actu al w a g e c h an ges.
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v en
though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n te r e d
the a r e a o r e xpanded t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y have
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e us e o f constant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f changes in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in eac h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge r e f l e c t o n ly chan ges in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o urs.
T h e y a r e not i n flu e n ce d b y
chan ges in sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c au s e d b y
changes in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) e a r n i n g s f o r eac h oc c u p atio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w e i g h t , and the p ro d u c ts f o r a ll oc c u p atio n s
in the g ro u p a r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b tr a c tin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f change.




5




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in L u b b o c k , T e x ., M a r c h 1 9 7 2
an d M a r c h 1 9 7 3 , an d p e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e rio d s
Weekly earn ings
Period

Office
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

H ou rly warnings

Ind ustrial
n u rse s
(men and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
tra d e s
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (June 1967=100)
M arch 1972______________________ _________________
M arch 1973___________ ____ _______________
_ ___

130,4
136.9

( ')
(*)

(*)
(*)

139.9
143.0

P ercen ts of in c re a se
June I960 to May 1961:
11-month in c re a se _____________________________
Annual rate of in cre a se

3.1
3.4

(*)
(*)

(*)
(*)

3.1
3.4

May 1961 to June 1962:
13-month in c re a se _____________________________
Annual rate of in cre a se

3.7
3.4

(*)
(*)

(!)
(*)

.6
.6

June 1962 to June 1963____________________________
June 1963 to June 1964____________________________
June 1964 to June 1965____________________________
June 1965 to June 1966____________________________
June 1966 to June 1967________________________ __
_
June 1967 to June 1968______________ _
_
June 1968 to M arch 1969:
9-month in c re a se
.
. . . .
. ...
Annual rate of in c r e a s e ________________________

2.4
3.8
3.7
2.9
6.3
4.1

C)
c)
(*)
c)
(■ )

3.9
6.0
4.4

n

{*)
(‘ )
(] )
(l )
*)
C)

4.2
5.6

o
(*)

(*)
<l )

4. 3
5.8

M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch

5.1
4.6
9.4
5.0

(i >
(*)
(*)
(*)

( ')

7.5
7.3
7.2
2.2

1969
1970
1971
1972

to
to
to
to

M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch

1970_____ __ ______________
1971___________ ___________
1972________________________
1973 . .
...........

Data do not m eet publication c rite ria ,

1

(*)
( ')

.8

6.2
8.5

7

T a b le 3 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in a v e ra g e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , a d ju s te d
fo r e m p lo y m e n t s h ifts , in L u b b o c k , T e x ., M a r c h 1 9 7 2 to M a r c h 1 9 7 3
O ccupational group

A ll
in du stries

M anufac­
turing

Nonmanu­
facturing

Office c le r ic a l (men and women)_____
. . _______
Ind ustrial n u rse s (men and wom en)____ „
.. ~ .

4.6

<;>

4.6

Unskilled plantw orkers (men). _________________

?!

?!

5.8




_

4.5

1 Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

NOTE: T able 3 provides p ercen ts of change in av erage hourly earn ings for selected
occupational gro up s, adju sted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
fo r computing wage tren d s is based on changes in av era ge hourly earn ings fo r establish m en ts
reporting the index jo b s in both the curren t and previou s y e a r (matched estab lish m e n ts),
holding establishm ent employment in the jo b s constant.
The new wage tren d s a re not linked to the curren t indexes becau se the new wage tren d s
m ea su re changes in m atched establishm ent a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes m ea su re
changes in a re a a v e ra g e s. Other c h a ra c te ristic s of the new wage tren d s which d iffer from
the current ones include (1) earnings data of office c le r ic a l w ork ers and in d u strial n u rse s
a re converted to an hourly b a s is , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided fo r nonm anufacturing
e stablish m en ts.
F o r a m ore detailed descrip tion of the new method used to compute a re a wage survey
in dexes, see "Im proving A rea Wage Survey In d exes, " Monthly L ab or Review , Jan u ary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

(*)

( ')
7.1

8

A. Occupational earnings
T a b le A -1 . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Lubbock, Tex., March 1973)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)______

<

$
60

Occupation and industry division

and
under

(standard)

65

$
65

*

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings <
*
*
*
*
$
*
*
*
$
%
%

*

%

%

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

OPERATORS,

$

87.00
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,
NONMANUFACTURING

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190 over

$

81.00-

96.00

40.0 134.00 134.50 1 0 9 . 0 0 40.0 136.50 155.50 9 7 . 5 0 -

C L A S S A -----------------------------

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

$

85.00

113
19

161.00
162.50

40.0
97.50 95.50 7 9 . 5 0 40.0 91.50 90.00 8 5 . 0 0 40.0 98.50 97.00 7 7 . 0 0 40.0 117.00 115.00 1 0 1 . 5 0 -

113.50
101.50
116.00
135.00

39.0

CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS

C ------------------

21

CLERKS,

ORDER

------------------------------

39

C L A S S B -----------------------------

83
74

40.0
40.0

93.50
93.50

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSI---N G N M A N U F A C T L ' R I N G ----------- -—

16
16

40.0
40.0

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

100
17
83
17

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

76.50

eo.50

70.50-

83.50

81.50-

109.00

91.00
91.00

80.0079.00-

104.00
104.00

91.50
91.50

97.50
97.50

76.0076.00-

107.00
107.00

131.00
117.00
134.00
164.00

125.50
123.00
127.00
167.00

116.00110.00116.00150.00-

149.00
132.00
160.50
181.00

27
24

40.0 139.50 133.50 1 2 6 . 0 0 40.0 140.50 137.50 1 2 5 . 0 0 -

162.50
163.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

28
22

40.0 141.50 132.50 1 2 0 . 5 0 40.0 147.00 157.50 1 2 4 . 0 0 -

168.00
169.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S 0 ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- -----

39
31

40.0 117.50 119.00 1 1 1 . 0 0 40.0 119.50 119.00 1 1 2 . 5 0 -

124.50
125.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

52
46

40.0 100.50 101.00
40.0 100.00 96.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ----- ----

44
43

40.0 124.00 117.50 1 0 7 . 0 0 40.0 124.50 118.00 1 0 7 . 5 0 -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSN O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

28
20

40.0
40.0

92.50
87.50

92.50
84.00

73.5072.00-

109.00
103.00

39.0
39.0

93.50
93.50

89.00
89.00

85.0085.00-

106.00
106.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
NCNMANUFACTURING

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




87.5087.00-

112.00
115.50
134.00
134.00

%

%
190

—

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED!
OM
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

%

12

9
T a b le A - 2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k ly e a rn in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Lubbock, Tex., March 1973)
W eekly earnings
(standard)

of

Occupation and industry division

1

workers

(standard]

t

$

A verage
w eekly

100
M ean *

M edian

Z

M iddle ranged

Number of workers receiving straight- time weekly earning s of$
t
s
$
t
$
$
*
t
*
$

S

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

2

1
1

1

1

10
10

1

2

3

and
under
105

M E N AND W O M E N C O M B I N E D

__

$
??

2
2

4 0 .0

146*50

A n
rt
0 0

$

$

$

15 7 • j \J
142.50

138 50

1
124.0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
132.5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

1
1

1
1

3

3

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

1

See footnotes at end of tables.

Table A-3. Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average weekly earnings, by sex
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Lubbock, Tex. , March 1973)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

WOMEN

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,
NCNMAKUFACTORING

C L A S S A -----------------------------

33
31

40.0
40.0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

112
19
93
38

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

97.50
91.50
99.00
117.50

83
74

40.0
40.0

93.50
93.50

$
87.00

Weekly
hours 1
(standard]

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

-

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

AK11 j

j tL K t 1

xn n
40*0
^

24

0

40.0

134*00
164.00

$
124.00
124.50
SWITCHBOARD

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

28

See footnote at end of tables,




28
22

b t lK t 1AKI t j

v LLA j j

to

to*o

119*~0

looloo

15

92.50
87.50
93.50
93*50

20

40.0

40.0
40.0
39.0
39*0

1 3 0 50
140.50

46

C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

-

$
131.00

3i

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
NCNMANUFACTORING

Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

133.00
134.00

O

31

o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S 8 -------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

141.50
0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

U

138.50

10

T a b l e A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Lubbock, Tex., March 1973)




11
T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Lubbock, Tex., March 1973)

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
i
s
$
s
*
$
t
*
S
f
(
*
%
S
t
>
t
S
s
*
S
*
*
1.60 1.70 1.80 1. 90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.90 2. 50 2. 60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3. *0 3.60 3.8C A.CO *.2 0 A.A0

of
wortters

M ean 2

M e d ian *

M iddle range

*

and
u n d er

and

1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2 .*0 2.50 2. 60 2. 70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.A0 3.60 3.80 A.0C *.2 0 4.40

M
EN
$
2.35

$
2.32

$
$
2 .1 * - 2.39

-

-

-

“

2.19

2.19

1.9 0- 2.35

17

6

22

7

NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

177
105
72

1.99

1.90

1 .7 * - 2.16

16

LAeCRERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

295
125
170

2 .*7
2.52
2 .* *

2.26
2.3*
2.25

2 .0 * - 3.21
2 .0 7 - 3.23
1.88- 3 .1 *

-

ORDER FILLERS ---------------------------------------------NCNMANUFAC TURING ----------------------------------

188
178

3.00
3.00

3.08
3.10

2 .* 0 - 3.61
2 .3 8- 3.61

*

---------------------------------------

A0

2.72

2.92

2 .1 7 - 3.*2

-----------------------------------------

36

2.58

2.35

TRUCKCRIVERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

283
51
232

3.97
2.*8
4.29

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM 11-1/2 TO
ANC INCLUCING A TONS) ---------------HANtlF ACTUR IN G ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

223
23
200
224
83
1*1

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------

25

JANITCRS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS ----

PACKERS, SHIPPING
RECEIVING CLERKS

TRUCKERS, POW
ER

(

FCRKL I FT )

------------------

m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------- ---------

NCNMANUFACTURING

----------------------------------

* W orkers were distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end of tables.




3

8

-

9

-

-

-

-

2

12

33
29
*

22
19
3

3

3

1

_

23
22
1

10
10

6

15

3

12

25
20
5

31
*
27

20
20

7
7

33
20
13

35

*

37
28
9

35

-

-

-

-

6
6

30
30

-

-

-

3

3

6

-

6

2 .1 7 - 2.98

-

-

-

3

3

5

6

3.53
2.35
*.3 2

2 .3 9 - 5 .7 *
2 .2 8 - 2.77
2 .9 3 - 5.75

-

-

_

1

9

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

1

9

10
7

*.3 6
2.76
*.5 *

*.3 8
2.79
5.71

2 .8 * - 5.76
2 .3 3 - 3.29
3 .0 6 - 5.76

1

-

2.76
2.59
2.86

2.57
2.*9
2.83

2 .1 9 - 3.29
2 .1 9 - 3.22
2 .1 9- 3.63

*

“

-

-

-

-

1
_
-

9
9

_

_

-

-

96 at $5.60 to $5.80; and 13 at $5.80 to $6.

2
2

3

7
4
3

48
10

38

-

-

-

3

1

3
3

-

”

15
6
9

*

11
11

12
11

3
3

-

3
*6
22
2*

1

-

_

_

1

-

1

-

-

1

2

9

-

-

17
17

*

6
5
1

4
4

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

6

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

28
*

-

-

2*

-

1

37
12
25

5
5

5

-

1

4
-

1
1

2
3

-

5
5

“

8
8

2

5
i
*

-

-

-

_

i

-

i

-

“
-

_

i

_

-

-

-

-

-

i

2

9

60
*2
18

-

-

3*
25

10
10

13
13

1*
1*

51
51

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

i

-

2

-

1

5

-

-

-

-

l

8

25

13
8
5

5

12

4

9 *109

-

*
-

-

-

-

5

*

12

*

9

12

15
3
12

-

3
3

8

-

25

15
3
12

8

3
3

2

1

-

-

-

2

1

2
2

-

_

-

8
5
i

4

3
3

-

19
3
16

1
-

1

-

13
8

5

28
23

5

_

-

109

9 *109

5

4

-

-

-

*
-

-

5

*

12

4

9

5

* i
-

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

5

Al

-

109

12

F o o tn o te s

1 Stand ard ho u rs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y ho urs.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e ach j o b b y to ta lin g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s ,
T h e m e d ia n
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown,
T h e m id d le
rang e is d e fi n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p ay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r rate.
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te shifts .




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The p rim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecau se of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in terare a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared ‘ for other p u rp o ses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u reau 's field econom ists a re instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices: le a rn e rs; beginners; train e es; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O F F IC E
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE

P osition s are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Under general supervision, p erform s accounting cle ric al operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, cle rically p rocessin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and cla ssific a tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ssiste d by one or m ore
c la s s B accounting cle rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision , following detailed instructions and standardized p ro ­
cedu res, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting c le rical operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib e d accounting codes.

P re p a re s statem en ts, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May a lso keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping ch arges or perform other
c le rical work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p u rp o ses, b ille r s, m achine, are
cla ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B ille r, m achine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p rep are bills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally p repared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping ch arges and entry of n ec e ssa ry extensions, which-may or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with o r without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable op era­
tion. G enerally involves the simultaneous entry of figu res on cu sto m ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. D eterm ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a record of one or m ore ph ases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of b asic bookkeeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described under b iller,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of tr ia l balances and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one o r m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to r e g iste rs and le d g e rs;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accuracy various types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractices and procedures
which relate s to the c le ric al p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




C LE R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and retrie v e s m aterial in an established filing system . May perform
c le ric a l and m anual task s required to m aintain file s. Positions are cla ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m aterial such a s correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s. May also file this m ate rial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file cle rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, codes, and files un classified m aterial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-re fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and fo r ­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to m aintain and serv ice file s.
C la ss C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been c la ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l c la ssifica tio n system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m ate rial in files and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple cle ric al and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice files.
C LE R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' ord e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p rice s to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the o rder; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled . May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating of custom er, acknowledge receipt of o rd e rs from custom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled, keep file of ord e rs received, and check shipping
invoices with original o r d e r s.
C LE R K , PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ece ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on tim e or production reco rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w ork er's nam e, working
day s, tim e, rate , deductions for in su ran ce, and total wages due. May m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t p aym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for com ptom eter op erators.

13

14
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch m achine to record or verify alphabetic an d /or num eric data on
tabulating card s or on tape.

NOTE: The term "corp orate o fficer, " used in the level definitions following, re fe r s to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policym aking role with regard to m ajor
company activ ities. The title "v ice p r e sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such .positions. Vice p resid en ts whose p rim ary respon sibility is to act p e r­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e .g ., approve or deny individual loan or cred it actions;
adm inister individual tru st accounts; d irectly sup ervise a c le r ic a l staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e r s" for p urposes of applying the following level definitions.

P ositions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selectin g p ro ce ­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasion m ay a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch op erators.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or in struction s, works from variou s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R e fe rs to su p ervisor
problem s a risin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g inform ation.
MESSENGER (Office Boy o r Girl)
P erfo rm s variou s routine duties such as running erran d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s or m a ile r s, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as p erson al se c r e ta r y , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
respon sive relationship to the day-to-day work of the su p ervisor. Works fairly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied c le ric a l and se c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m ost of the following:
a. R eceives telephone c a lls , p erson al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in quires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;
b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and re v ise s the su p e rv iso r's file s;

c.

Maintains the su p e rv iso r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m em orandum s, and reports prepared by others for the
su p e rv iso r's signature to a ssu r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and proced ures related to the work of the su p erv iso r.
Exclusions
Not a ll positions that are titled ''se c r e ta r y ” p o s se s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are a s follows:

C la ss A
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su bsid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s s B
1. S ecretary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, rese arch , operations, in dustrial relations, etc.) or~a m ajor geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional h eadquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s: or
5. S ecre tary to the head of a large and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g ., a middle
m anagem ent su p ervisor of an organizational segm ent often involving as many a s sev e ral
hundred p erson s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s s C
1. S ecre tary to an executive or m an agerial person whose respon sibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev e ral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; o r
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre tary to the su p ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); o r
2. S ecre tary to a n onsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al employee, ad m in istra­
tive officer, or a ssista n t, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assig n
sten ograph ers, rath er than se c r e ta r ie s as d escribed above, to this level of sup ervisory or
n onsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER

a.

P ositions which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" secre tary concept d escrib ed above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in se c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers serving as office a ss is ta n ts to a group of p ro fe ssio n al, technical, or
m an agerial person s:
d. S ecretary positions in which the duties are either substan tially m ore routine or
substantially m ore com plex and respon sible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
e. A ssistan t type positions which involve m ore difficult o r m ore respon sible tech­
n ical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry , or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which are not typical of
s e c r e ta r ia l work.




P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in g s, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a se c re ta ry in that a se cre tary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and p erform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary task s as d escribed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s , keep sim ple r e c o rd s,
or perform other relatively routine cle ric al ta sk s.

15
STENOGRAPHER—Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)—Continued

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are cla ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or rep orts on scien tific rese arch . May also set up and m aintain file s, keep reco rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g rea ter independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licie s, p ro ce ­
dures, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric al task s such a s maintaining followup files: assem blin g m aterial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte r s; composing sim ple le tters from general instructions: reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A. O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls , such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls , either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, c la ss B, or as a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone information serv ice occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purp oses, e g., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.'C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance calls and record toils.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ice. ("L im ite d - telephone information service
occu rs if the functions of the establishm ent serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information p urposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
specific nam es are furnished, or if com plex calls a re referre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erato rs in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custom ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le ric al work as part of regular
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajor p art of this w orker's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
preter, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

C la ss A. P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devis.ng
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and complex rep orts which often are irregu lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety ol m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is limited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
C la s s B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. A ssignm ents typically involve complete but routine and recu rrin g reports or parts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep orts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by c la ss C op erators. May be required to do some wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C. Under specific in struction s, operates simple tabulating or ele ctrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine record s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rical work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as
legal b riefs or rep orts on scien tific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenot.ype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenograpner.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of var.ous m ate rials cr to make out bills after calcu la­
tions have been m ade by another person . May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
ria ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do c le rical work involving little sp ecial training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several so u rces; or respon sibility for co rrect spelling,
syllabication, ounctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate ­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte r s, varying details to suit circum stan c e s.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or cle ar
d rafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licies, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTES OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro cess data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro gram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, card s, etc.): switches n ec e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to co rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; reviews e rr o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe r s problem
to su p ervisor or p rogram er; and m aintains operating rec o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
program .
For wage study p urp o ses, computer o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la s s A. O perates independently, o r under only general direction, a computer running
p rogram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p ro gram s are frequently tested
and introduced, scheduling requirem ents are of c ritic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p rogram s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often req u ires a
working knowledge of the total p ro gram , and alternate p ro gram s m ay not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.
C la ss B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p rogram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; altern ate p rogram s a re provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rogram s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s d escribed for c la ss A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently- perform ing le s s difficult task s assig n ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under clo se supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ram s. U sually has received some form al training in com puter operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p rog ram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from ch arts or d iag ram s, the program er develops the p recise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

16
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued

of data to achieve d esired re su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: A pplies knowledge of
com puter c ap ab ilities, m ath em atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iag ram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for machine to follow; te sts and co rre c ts p rog ram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lte rs
p ro gram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
program development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d as sy stem s an alysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily resp on sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electronic data p ro c essin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with scientific
and /or engineering p roblem s.

every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) C onfers with person s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad v ise s su bject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or rev ised sy stem s of data p ro cessin g operations. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor sy stem s in stallation s or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s analysts who are assign ed to
as s ist.
C la s s B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. Problem s are of limited
com plexity because so u rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) C onfers with person s concerned to determine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and a d v ise s su b ject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as described for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with in­
stru ctions, and to insure proper alinem ent with the overall system .
C la s s C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an alyses as assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for sy stem s an alysis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed sp ecification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN

F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra c tic e s. Working from d ia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relation sh ips between v ariou s steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult because computer equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between o p eration s, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ram ers who a re assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B .~ Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P ro g ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. R eports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re readily available. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as described for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level p rog ram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing m ore difficult task s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m e rs.
C la ss C . Makes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learned in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard proced ures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accu racy and conformance with
required p ro ced ures.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate proced ures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital computer p ro g ra m s. Work involves m ost of the following:
A nalyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c rite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry resu lts; sp ecifies number and types of re co rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in trial runs of
new and revised sy stem s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
For wage study p u rp o ses, sy stem s analysts are cla ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all phases of system s a n aly sis. P roblem s are com plex because of d iverse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (For exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a ly sis, and sa le s an alysis record in which




C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting p receden ts. Works in close sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relation sh ips of com ­
ponents and p a r ts. Works with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssista n c e . Com pleted work is
reviewed by design originator for con sisten cy with prior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in ­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b asse m b lie s with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between components; p re p a re s a rc h i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail draw ings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plan s, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m ate rials to be used, load ca p a citie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial in struction s, requ irem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p u rp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale ) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates d etails from a number of so u rces
and adju sts or tran sp o se s scale as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on source m ate rials a re given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
a re le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
con sisting of straigh t lines and a la rge scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visualized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or sy stem s by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, in stallin g, rep airin g, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or ail of the following ta sk s: A ssem blin g, testin g, adjusting,
calibratin g, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requ ires a knowledge of the theory and p ractice of electron ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized electron ic te st equipment; trouble a n a ly sis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic sy ste m s, su b sy ste m s, and circu its having
a variety of component p arts.

17
ELECTRO N ICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)

E lectron ic equipment or system s worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications sy ste m s, relay sy stem s, navigation a id s;
airborne or ground rad ar sy stem s; radio and television transm itting or recording sy stem s; e le c ­
tronic com puters; m iss ile and sp acecraft guidance and control sy stem s; industrial and m edical
m easuring, indicating and controlling d evices; etc.

A reg iste re d nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other person s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g of em ployees' in juries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; a ssistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing su p ervisors
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a sse m b le rs and t e ste r s, craftsm en, draftsm en, d esig n e rs, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s office m achines, radio and television
receiving s e ts .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n ec e ssa ry to construct and m aintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, c rib s, counters, benches, partition s, d oors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , ca sin g s, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal in struction s; using a
variety of carp en ter's handtools, portable power tools , and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n ece ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such as the installation, m aintenance, or
rep air of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e lectric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c­
tric a l equipment such as gen erato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circu it b re ak e rs,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
ele ctrical equipment; and using a variety of e le ctrician 's handtools and m easuring and testing
instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and m aintains and may also sup ervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or e le ctrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air c o m p re sso rs, g en erato rs, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment r e p a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su ­
p ervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.

Produces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making re p a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m a te ria ls, p arts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling p arts into m echanical equipment. In gen eral, the m achinist's work
norm ally requ ires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ir e s stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety v alves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L PE R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s ist s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled m aintenance tra d e s, by perform ing sp ecific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , machine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeyman by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trade to trad e: In som e trad es the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and to o ls, and cleaning working a r e a s; and in others
he is perm itted to perform specialized m achine operations, or p arts of a trad e that are a lso
perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such a s jig b o r e rs,
cylindrical or surface g rin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
sp eeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requ isite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re ss to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p urp o ses, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops a re excluded from this classificatio n .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R epairs autom obiles, b u se s, m otortruck s, and tr a c to rs of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem bling equipment and perform ing re p a irs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem blin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem blin g and installing the various
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and making n ec e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classificatio n does not include m echanics who rep air cu sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep air shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or partly dism antling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor r e p a irs; preparing written specification s for m ajor rep airs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of a m aintenance m echanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classificatio n are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and d ism antles and in stalls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stallin g and ^maintaining in good order power tran sm ission
equipment such a s d rives and speed red u ce rs. In gen eral, the m illw right's work norm ally requ ires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of su rface p ecu liarities and types of paint required for different app lica­
tion s; preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail

18
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

types of sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and installing sheet-m etal a rticle s
a s required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sheet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R . MAINTENANCE
In stalls or re p a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe to
c o rrect lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating sy stem s a re excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep air the sheet-m etal'equipm ent and fixtures
(such as machine g u ards, g re a se pans, sh elv es, lo ck e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and rep a irs m achine-shop too ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop com putations relating to dimensions
of work, sp eed s, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te ria ls, to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m ak e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining o rder,
using arm s or fo rce where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p re m ise s period ically in protecting property again st fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an o rderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tures or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor maintenance s e rv ic e s; and cleaning lav ato rie s,
show ers, and re stro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading variou s m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper sto rage location; and tran sportin g m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tran sfer o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco rd ­
ance with specification s on sa le s slip s, cu sto m ers' o rd e rs, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.
PACKER. SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e rs, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in o rder to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; inserting en clo su res in container; using e x ce lsio r o r other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso make wooden boxes or c rate s are excluded.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or rece iv e s and is respon sible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a te r ia ls. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping p ro ­
cedu res, p rac tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and rate s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and keeping
a file of shipping reco rd s. May d irect or a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other reco rd s; checking for sh ortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m a te ria ls to proper departm ents; and maintaining n ece ssa ry
reco rd s and file s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, w orkers are c la ssifie d as follow s:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in dustrial a re a to tran sp ort m a te ria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and reta il establish m ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of bu sin e ss. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sale sm e n and
over-th e-road d riv e rs a re excluded.
follow s:

F o r wage study p u rp oses, tru ck d rivers are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under 1 V2 tons)
medium (lV j to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than t r a ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tracto r to tran sport
goods and m a te ria ls of all kinds about a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study p u rp oses, w orkers are c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e fo llo w in g a re a s a re su rve y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C on tract A c t o f 1965.
w ill be a v a ila b le at no c ost w h ile supplies la s t fr o m any of the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A la m o g o rd o — a s C ru c e s , N . M e x .
L
A lask a
A lb a n y , G a.
A m a r illo , T e x .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
Augusta, Ga.— C..
S.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a go u la , M is s.
B rid g e p o rt, N orw a lk ," and S tam fo rd , Conn.
C ed ar R ap id s, Iowa
Cham paign—Urbana, 111.
C h arleston , S.C.
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C olorad o S p rin gs, C olo.
C olum bia, S.C.
Colum bus, G a—A l a .
Corpus C h r is ti, T e x .
C ran e, Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.— is .
S
W
E l Paso, T ex.
Eugene— p rin g fie ld , O reg .
S
F a rg o — oo rh ea d , N . D ak—M inn.
M
F a y e t t e v ille ,

N .C .

F itch b u rg— e o m in s te r , M a s s .
L
F r e d e r ic k — a g ersto w n , M d .- P a —W. Va.
H
F re s n o , C a lif.
Grand F o r k s , N . Dak.
Grand Island— astin gs , N eb r.
H
G reen b o ro— inston S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r ris b u r g , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

C op ies o f public r e le a s e s a re or

Lared o, T ex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, M d —V a.
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E scanaba, Sault Ste.
M a r ie , M ic h .
M elb o u rn e— itu s v ille —C o c o a , F la .
T
(B r e v a r d C o.)
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean, and S o m e rs et
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N o rth e a s te rn M aine
N o rw ic h — roton— ew London, Conn.
G
N
O gden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
Oxnard— im i V a lle y —V en tu ra, C a lif.
S
Panam a C ity , F la .
P ortsm o u th , N .H —M ain e— a ss.
M
P u e b lo, C olo.
R eno, N ev .
S a cram en to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —Lom p oc , C a lif.
Sherm an— enison , T e x .
D
S h re v e p o rt, La.
S p rin g fie ld — h icop ee— o ly o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
C
H
T op ek a, K ans.
T u cson , A r iz .
V a lle jo — a ir fie ld —
F
Napa , C a lif.
W ilm in g to n , D e l—N .J —Md.
Yum a, A r iz .

R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g su rveys conducted in the p r io r y ea r but since discontinued a re a ls o a v a ila b le :
A lp en a , Standish, and T aw as C ity, M ich.
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A u stin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith, A r k —Okla.
G reat F a lls , Mont.
*

Expanded to an a re a w age su rve y in f is c a l y ea r

1973.

L e x in gto n , K y .*
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
See inside back c o v e r .

The tw elfth annual re p o rt on s a la r ie s fo r accountants, au d ito rs, c h ie f accountants, a tto rn e y s , job a n a lys ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y ers , c h e m ists,
e n g in e e rs , en g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d ra ftsm e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O rd e r as B LS B u lletin 1742, N ation al S u rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy, fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , or fro m tHe
Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.




U. S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G O FFICE:

197 1 - 7 4 « -191 / 88




•

*■

' • <

■

■

,

A re a W a g e S urveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c to r y o f a re a w age studies including m o re lim ite d studies conducted at the
req u e st o f the E m p lo ym en t Standards A d m in is tra tio n o f the D ep artm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m a y be purch ased fro m any o f the B L S
r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the back c o v e r , or fr o m the Superintendent o f Docum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402.
A rea
A k ro n , O hio, D ec. 1972---------------------------------------------A lb a n y —
Schenectady— r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------T
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1973------------------------------A llen tow rr-B eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1972 1 —
A tla n ta, G a ., M ay 1972 1--------------------------------- ______---A u stin , T e x ., D ec. 1 972*__________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Aug. 1972 1_______________ —---------------B eaum ontr-Port Arthur—O ran ge, T e x ., M ay 1972-------B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1972_____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972_____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1972 1__ _________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1972 1_______________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1972 1_________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , D ec. 1972 1______________________________
Canton, O hio, M a y 1972 1-------- ---- -----------------------------C h a rle sto n , W. V a . , M a r. 1972 1 -------------------------------C h a rlo tte, N .C ., Jan. 197 3---------------------------------------- C hattanooga, Tenn.—G a ., Sept. 1972 1------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., June 1972---------------------------------------------C in cin n ati, O hio— y.—In d ., F eb . 1973____-------------------K
C lev e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1972 1
---------------------------——
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1972 1------------------------------------------D aven p ort— ock Islan d — o lin e, Iowar-Ill., F eb . 1972 1—
R
M
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1972----- --------------------------------------D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1972------------------------------------------D es M o in es , Iow a, M ay 1972 1 ----------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972_________________________________
D urham , N .C ., A p r. 1972 1------------_______--------------------F o r t L a u d erd a le— olly w o od and W est P a lm
H
B each , F la ., A p r. 1972 1-----------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1972 1------------------------------------G re e n B ay, W is ., July 1972 1-------- — ------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972------------- — ----------------------Houston, T e x . , A p r. 1972---------------------------------- ---- ---H u n ts ville , A l a . , F eb . 197 3---------------------------------------In d ian a p o lis, In d ., O ct. 1 9 7 2 1_____________________________
Jackson, M is s . , Jan. 197 3— — ------------------------ — ------J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , D ec. .1972-----------------------------------K an sas C ity , M o.— a n s ., Sept. 1972 — — --------------------K
L a w r e n c e - H a v e r h ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1972 1— _____—
N
L exin gto n , K y . , N ov. 1972 1-------- —----------------------------L ittle R o c k -N o rth L ittle R ock, A r k ., July 1972 1-------L o s A n g e le s —Long B each and A n aheim —
Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif. , O ct. 1972T___________----- ______---L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1972---------------- ----------------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1973-----------------------------------------M a n c h es te r, N .H ., July 1972 1-------- -------------------------M e m p h is , Tenn.— r k . , N ov. 1972________________________
A
M ia m FRASER
Digitized for i, F l a . , N ov. 1972 1__________________________________
M id land and Ode s
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ sa, T e x ., J an. 1973____________________

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

B u lletin number
and p r ic e
1775-36,
1725-49,
1775-52,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1775-42,
1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1775-39,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1775-53,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1725-55,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40
30
40
35
45
40
75
30
45
30
50
75
65
50
35
35
40
55
70
50
75
55
75
35
40
40
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1775-48,
1775-27,
1775-44,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35
50
55
30
35
40
55
40
40
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29.
1775-41,

75
40
40
55
40
55
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A rea
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1972 1___ ____________ ____ _______ __
M inn eapolis—St. P a u l, M in n ., J an. 1973-------- ---- ---------M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1972 1 _____
M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1973--------------------N ew Haven, C onn ., J an. 1973______________________________
N ew O rlea n s , L a . , J an. 1973-------------------------- ----------N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r. 1972 1
--------------------------------------N o r fo lk — ir g in ia B each— o rts m o u th and
V
P
N ew p o rt N ew s—Ham pton, V a ., Jan. 1973 1----------------O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1972___________________ ...___ —
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1972____________________ __ ____
P a t e r son— lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1972 1 ____________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1972------- ---- ---- -------------P h o en ix , A r i z . , June 1972 1________________________________
P itts b u rgh , P a . , J an. 1972_________________________________
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1972____ ________________________ __
P o r tla n d , O re g .—W a sh ., M ay 1972 1 ______________________
P ou gh k eep sie—K in gston — ew bu rgh, N .Y .,
N
June 1972 1 --------------------------------------------------------------P r o v id e n c e — a rw ic k -P a w tu ck e t, R .I.—M a s s .,
W
M ay 1972------------------------------------------------------------------R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1972-------------------------------------------R ichm ond, V a ., M a r. 1972 1 _______________________________
R iv e r s id e —
San B ern a rd in o — n ta rio , C a lif.,
O
D ec. 1971 -----------------------------------------------------------------R o c h e s te r, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations o n ly), July 1972___
R o c k fo rd , 111., June 1972 1 -----------------------------------------St. L o u is , M o.—111., M a r. 1972----------------------------------Salt Lake C ity , Utah, N ov. 1972 1-------------------------------San A n ton io, T e x . , M ay 1972--------------------------------------San D ie go , C a lif. , N ov. 1972---------------------------------------San F ra n c is co-O ak lan d , C a lif., Oct. 1971 1 __________ _
San J ose, C a lif. , M a r. 1972---------------- ---------------------- Savannah, G a ., M ay 1972 1 ----------------- --------- -------------Scranton, P a . , July 1972____________________________ ______
S eattle— v e r e tt, W a s h ., J an. 1972________________________
E
Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., D ec. 1972 1--------------------------------South Bend, In d ., M a r . 1973_______________________________
Spokane, W a sh ., June 1972 1------------------------- -------------S y racu se, N .Y ., July 1972_________________________________
Tam pa^St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1972_________________ _
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., A p r . 1972 1 __________________________
T re n ton , N .J ., Sept. 1972 1_________________________________
Utica—R om e, N .Y ., July 1972--------------------------------------W ashington, D .C .- M d .- V a ., M a r. 1972 1 _________________
W a te rb u ry, C onn ., M a r. 1972 1 ----------------------------------W a te rlo o , Iowa, N ov. 1972-----------------------------------------W ich ita, K a n s ., A p r. 1972 1_______________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1____________________________
Y o r k , P a ., Feb. 1972 1 -----------------------------------------------Youngstown— a rre n , Ohio, N ov. 1972____________________
W

B u lletin number
and p ric e
1725-83.
1775-49,
1725-85,
1775-50,
1775-46,
1775-47,
1725-90,

45 cents
55 cents
35 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
50 cents

1775-51,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1775-45,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

50 cents
45 cents
40 cents
40 cents
55 cents
55 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1775-40,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1775-43,
1775-54,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1775-19,

30 cents
45 cents
35cents
35cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35cents
45 cents
30 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents
45 cents
45 cents
35 cents
55 cents
45 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents

POSTAGE ANO FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

L A B -441

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio

Wisconsin


Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
I
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102