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AREA WAGE SURVEY
M em phis, Tennessee—Arkansas, M etro p o litan A rea,
Novem ber 1972
Bulletin 1775-30




DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




P re fa c e
This bulletin provides results of a Novem ber 1972 survey of occupational
earnings in the M em phis, Tennessee— rk an sas, Standard Metropolitan Statistical
A
A re a (Shelby County, Tenn.; and Crittenden County, A rk .).
The survey was made
as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program .
The program is designed to yield data for individual metropolitan a reas, as well
as national and regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan A re a s in the
United States, excluding A laska and Hawaii, (as defined by the U.S. Office of
Management and Budget through Novem ber 1971).
A m ajor consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to
describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor m arkets, through
the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
movement of w ages by occupational category and skill level.
The program de­
velops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and
salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant
location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make
wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program . (See list of areas
on inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage bene­
fits, collected every second year in the past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed,
two sum m ary bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data for each
metropolitan area surveyed.
The second summary bulletin presents national and
regional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data.
The Memphis survey was conducted by the B u reau 's regional office in
Atlanta, Ga., under the general direction of Donald M . C ru se, Assistant Regional
Director for Operations.
The survey could not have been accomplished without
the cooperation of the many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis
for the statistical information in this bulletin.
The Bureau wishes to express
sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

Note:
A current report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage
provisions in the Memphis area is available for the contract cleaning services
(July 1971) industries.
A lso available are listings of union wage rates for
building trades, printing trades, local-tran sit operating em ployees, local truckd riv e rs and helpers, and grocery store em ployees.
F ree copies of these are
available from the B u reau 's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-30
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

M a r c h 1973

B U R E A U OF LA BO R S T A T IS T IC S , Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

Memphis, Tennessee—
Arkansas, Metropolitan Area, November 1972
CONTENTS
Page
2
5

Introduction
Wage trends for selected occupational groups

T a b le s :
4
6

1. Establishm ents and w o rk ers within scope of survey and number studied
2. Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents
of increase for selected periods
A.

7
9

10
11
12
15

Occupational earnings:
A -l.
Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A -2 .
P ro fession al and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A -3 .
O ffice, professional, and technical occupations: A verage weekly earnings, by sex
A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
A -5 .
Custodial and m aterial movement occupations: Hourly earnings

Appendix.

Occupational descriptions




1

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s a n n u a l l y . 1 F i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s , in p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s to e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a , c o l l e c t e m p l o y m e n t , e a r n i n g s ,
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s , and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s i n f o r m a t i o n e v e r y t h i r d
year.
In eac h o f the i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t
and e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d b y m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s the r e s u l t s
o f the l a t t e r typ e s u r v e y .

(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e ac c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d uties w i th i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d i c a t e d , the
e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p atio n
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown.
L i k e w i s e , data a r e in c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s
o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not
a vailab le.

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w i th i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s ; M a n u fa c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stab lish m en ts
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y te nd to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h ed ule.
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h if ts . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
c lu d ed. W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f hour) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
ra tes).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s a r e roun ded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
The sa m ­
p ling p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f all esta b lish m en ts
w i t h i n the s c o p e o f a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r
of e m p lo yees.
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e i s
s e l e c t e d , w i t h e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d c h a n c e o f
selection.
T o ob ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . W h e n data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n b i a s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plu s t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u ita b le s u b s titu te is a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g types;
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a ti o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m ent p atterns.
F o r ex a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s em p lo yed by
h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch an ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h i f ts in e m p l o y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , sho wn in ta b l e 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the
groups.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N . Y . (N e w York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
H ollyw ood and W est Palm Beach, F la .; H u ntsville, A l a .; Lexington, K y . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y . ; Rochester, N . Y . (o ffic e occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and U tica —R om e, N . Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas at the request
o f the Em ploym ent Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S. Departm ent o f Labor.

A v e r a g e earn in gs r e f le c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e estim a tes.
In­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and
thus c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g j o b s in
individual e s ta b lish m en ts.

O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n i n g s




2

3

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s should not b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w i th i n i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n trib u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w i th i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e
o n l y the r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c duties w ith in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tions used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e used in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e




o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
tan ce o f the j o b s studied.
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u lle tin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 2 y e a r s
in the p a s t, is now c o l l e c t e d e v e r y 3 y e a r s .
T h e s e ta b u la tion s on
m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s;
shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w o r k w e e k ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
and he alt h, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s
ta b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e ti n s f o r this a r e a .




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in M e m p h is , T e n n .—A rk .,
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 2
M inim um
em ploym en t
in esta b lish m ents in scope
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s ___________________________________
M an ufactu ring_______ _____________________________
N on m anu factu rin g__________________________________
T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tion , and
oth er public u tilitie s 5 _______________________
W h o lesa le tra d e 6 ______________________________
R e ta il tra d e 6____________________________________
F in a n c e, in su ra n c e, and r e a l esta te 6 ______
S e r v ic e s 6 7_______________________________________

.

N u m ber o f esta b lish m en ts

W o r k e rs in esta b lish m en ts
W ith in sco p e o f stu d y4

W ith in scope
o f stu d y3

Studied

Studied
N u m ber

P ercen t

607

180

123,083

100

72,581

50
“

222
385

64
116

53,429
69,654

43
57

30, 795
41, 786

50
50
50
50
50

73
95
107
42
68

26
22
28
12
28

14,403
11,905
22,924
8,007
12,415

11
10
19
7
10

9,559
4, 387
14,933
5,095
7,812

1 T h e M em ph is Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and Budget throu gh N o v e m b e r 1971, c o n s ists
o f Shelby County, T en n .; and C ritten d en County, A r k .
Th e "w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f stu dy" e s tim a te s shown in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly
a ccu ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the s u rv e y . Th e es tim a te s a re not in tended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as
a b a sis o f co m p a riso n w ith oth er em ploym en t in d ex es fo r the a re a to m e a s u re em p loy m en t tren d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1 ) planning o f w a ge su rv ey s
re q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advan ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2 ) s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts a r e exclu ded
fr o m the scope o f the s u rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 Inclu des a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f co m p a n ies in such
in d u stries as t ra d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tion p ic tu re th e a ters a re c o n s id e re d as 1 esta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em p loy m en t (w ith in the a re a ) at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e ex clu d ed . M e m p h is '
e le c t r ic and gas u t ilitie s a re m u n ic ip a lly o p era ted and a re exclu d ed by d efin itio n fr o m the scope o f the study.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in es tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s . S ep a ra te p res e n ta tio n o f
data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s : (1) E m p loy m en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to
m e r it sep a ra te study, (2 ) the sa m p le w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , (3) re sp o n se w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it
sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l esta b lish m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and park in g; m o tio n p ic tu re s ;
n on p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rga n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g re lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and en g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

In d u stria l co m p o sitio n in m an u factu rin g
O v e r tw o -fifth s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f the s u rv e y in the M em ph is a re a w e re
em p loy ed in m an u facturing fir m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p resen ts the m a jo r in d u stry grou ps and
s p e c ific in d u stries as a p e rcen t o f a ll m an u facturing:
Indu stry groups
F o o d and k in dred p r o d u c ts ______ 20
C h em ica ls and a llie d
p ro d u c ts __________________________ 12
P a p e r and a llie d p ro d u c ts ________10
M a c h in e ry , e x cep t e le c t r ic a l___ 8
L u m b er and w ood p rod u cts______ 7
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c ts ______ 6
R u bber and p la s tic s prod u cts___ 6
E le c tr ic a l equipm ent and
su pplies__________________________ 5
F u rn itu re and fix tu r e s ___________ 5

S p e c ific in d u stries
M is c e lla n e o u s c o n v erted
pa per p rod u cts____________________ 6
M is c e lla n e o u s fo od s and
k in d red p r o d u c ts _________________ 6
T i r e s and in n er tu bes______________6
H ousehold fu r n it u r e _______________ 5

T h is in fo rm a tio n is ba sed on es tim a te s o f to ta l em p loy m en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv erse
m a t e r ia ls co m p ile d p r io r to a ctu al s u rv e y .
P r o p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y
d iff e r fr o m p rop o rtio n s based on the re s u lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in ta b le 1 a bove.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c han ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t c h an ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in dex. T h e p e r c e n t s o f c han ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n ge s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a te s . A n n u a l r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ou nt o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m onths .
Th ese com pu­
ta tio n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a constant
rate b etw een su rve y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f change in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
ch an ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e in d e x i s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e i n d e x is c o m p u te d by m u l t i ­
p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
c han ge plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the next s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (c om p ou n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f earnings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e ch an ge s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a t e s h if ts .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p atio ns and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h group .

Method of Computing
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a c on stant w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a ti o n a l g ro u p ;
O ffic e c lerica l (m en and
wom en):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffic e clerica l (m en and
w om en )— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
wom en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f c han ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
( l ) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n ge s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and ch an ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n ge s in
the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n ge s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n
though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed beca u se lo w e r - p a y in g establishm en ts en tered
the a r e a o r e xp an d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y h a v e
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

S killed maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (au tom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
To ol and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE: Com ptom eter operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e use o f con stan t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c han ges in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e ach j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c han ge r e f l e c t o n ly ch an ge s in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n flu e n c e d b y
ch an ge s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for ov e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
ch an ge s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h oc c u p a tio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c ts f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s
in the g r o u p a r e to ta l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b tr a c tin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f chan ge.




5

6




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k ., N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 an d
N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 2 , a n d p e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
M an ufactu ring

A l l in d u stries
W eek ly ea rn in gs
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

In d u stria l
nurses
(m en and
wom en)

H o u rly ea rn in gs
S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U n s k illed
plan tw orkers
(m en)

W e e k ly ea rn in gs
O ffic e
c l e r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

In d u s tria l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

H o u rly ea rn in gs
S killed
m ain tenan ce
tra d es
(m en)

U n s k illed
plan tw ork ers
(m en)

134.2
144.1

146.2
158.6

In d ex es (January 1967=100)
N o v e m b e r 1971_____________________________________
N o v e m b e r 1972_____________________________________

134.0
141.6

144.2
152.1

137.1
148.8

140.1
148.9

132.1
138.3

( ')
(‘ )

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e
January 1960 to Janu ary 1961— __ ____________
January 1961 to Janu ary 1962____________________
January 1962 to Janu ary 1963____________________
January 1963 to J a n u a ry '1964____________________
January 1964 to Janu ary 1965____________________
January 1965 to Janu ary 1966______________ ____
January 1966 to Janu ary 1967___________________
January 1967 to Janu ary 1968____________________
Janu ary 1968 to N o v e m b e r 1968:
10-m onth in c r e a s e _______________ ___________
A nnual ra te o f in c re a s e .

4.7
5.7
2.3
2.9
2.7
3.7
5.8
3.9

4.2
2.3
3.9
5.9
0
2.6
7.0
6.0

4.2
4.9
3.5
2.6
2.9
2.9
6.2
6.1

2.0
7.3
3.0
3.9
1.3
6.2
5.6
10.7

3.9
7.4
1.7
2.8
3.0
3.0
4.2
3.1

( >
( >
C)
( ')
C)
C)
C)
C)

5.0
4.0
3.5
3.2
2.6
3.2
6.1
5.4

3.7
4.6
2.5
4.6
1.7
5.9
8.4
8.5

6.5
7.8

6.1
7.4

5.7
6.9

5.6
6.8

5.5
6.6

5.6
6.8

6.1
7.4

5.9
7.1

N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber

5.4
7.7
6.6
5.7

11.6
6.3
8.0
5.5

5.4
8.1
7.3
8.5

5.3
9.0
4.4
6.3

7.2
7.2
5.7
4.7

12.2
6.9
C)
( ')

4.7
7.5
6.6
7.4

6.0
11.7
7.4
8.5

1968
1969
1970
1971

to
to
to
to

N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber

1969______________
1970______________
1971
1972 . _ _______

Data do not m e e t pu blication c r it e r ia .

7

A. Occ up a ti on a l earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a ti o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
(A verag e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Memphis, Ten n .-A rk., Novem ber 1972)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings o f

*

Average
weekly

Occupation and industry division

*
55

*

*

*

t

t

t

i

t

$

I

$

(

i

I

t

t

<

t

t

50

65

70

75

80

90

100

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

65

70

75

SO

90

100

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

260

9
9
9

“

”

1
1
1

_
-

9
9
9

26
26
26

6
6
6

8
8
8

_

and
under

(standard]

60

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE! -----------------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

96
86

57

$
$
$
$
213.00
60.0 162.50 172.50 10 6. 00 60.0 169.50 207.50 1 0 6. 00 - 213.50
60.0 208.00 2 1 2 . 0 0 20 7. 50 -2 17 .5 0

-

-

_
-

3
3

9
6

22
18

1
“

-

-

-

6
6

1

13
6
9

21
1
20

19
13
6

25
7
18

2
1
1

6

1

22
8
16

_

-

6

*

-

_
-

“

9
2
7

20
3
17

56
13
61

29
15
16

28
12
16

60
21
39

32
8
26

66
11
33

27
16
13

23
5
18

5
5
“

35
35
“

13
13
“

39
6
35
2

157
60
117
“

110
21
89
6

66
13
51
12

66
16
50
7

63
26
19
-

28
9
19
7

15
11
6
-

7
6
3

-

6
6

8
8

66
26

15
15

7
7

5
5

-

-

“

*

5
5

36
30

17
17

55
28

5
3

-

1

-

*
6

9
5
6

59
9
50

*9
15
36

79
16
63

35
3
32

63
6
37

26
2
26

20
8
12

-

-

-

18
16
6

10
7
3

25
2
23

18
7
11

16

11

6

5

13
13

5
50

55

79
17
62

39
11
28

17
7
10

9
i
8

55
8
67
*

132
30
102
1

85
16
69
1

29
7
22
7

19
1
18
3

1

6

3

10

11

18
*

1
*

6
6

3
3

10
“

11
1

6

-

.

1

22
8
16
3

26
10
16
6

B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
112
36
78

39.5 106.50 107.50
60.0 107.00 116.50
39.0 106.50 105.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

369
121
268

60.0 161.50 136.00 1 1 5 . 5 0 161.00
60.0 163.50 135.00 11 9.00-166.50
39.5 160.00 137.00 1 0 9 . 5 0 159.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PU BLIC UT ILITIES ------

595
166
651
66

39.5
60.0
39.5
38.5

109.50
118.00
106.50
160.00

99
79

39.0
38.5

92.50
96.50

86.50
85.00

80.50- 96.00
79.00- 99.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

118

39.5
39.5

79.00
78.00

80.50
77.00

73.50- 83.50
72.50- 83.00

CLERKS, ORDER ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---

337
71
266

60.0 1 1 0 . 0 0 106.50
39.5 106.50 101.00
60.0 110.50 108.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

167
69
78

39.5 131.00 121.50 1 0 2. 00 155.00
60.0 128.50 130.00 97.5 0- 15 6. 00
168.00
39.5 132.50 119.00 1 0 3 . 0 0 -

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

268
67
181

39.5 116.50 106.00 98.5 0- 12 0. 00
60.0 130.00 1 2 1 . 0 0 108.00-156.00
39.5 108.50 103.00 95 .0 0- 11 6. 00

_
-

-

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NH AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

666
62
386
36

89.50110.50 8
98.00
39.5 107.50
60.0
98.00 93.0 0- 10 3. 00
98.50
8
39.5 108.50
98.00 8 7 . 5 0 - 116.00
39.0 159.50 152.50 115.00-202.00

*

35
35

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSIM A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

166
26
120

39.5
60.0
39.5

93.50
87.00
95.00

3
3
“

11
6
7

17
6
13

52
6
66

32
5
27

10
1
9

3
3

9
1
8

1
1
-

2
1
1

6

1,176
258
918
31

39.5
60.0
39.5
39.0

122.50
132.50
119.50
153.00

8

8

8

8
-

“

11
6
7
*

52

-

6
6

200
19
181
-

216
26
190
-

171
65
126
3

127
26
101
6

122
56
68
6

79
26
53
3

62
16
28
1

M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

SE CR ET AR IE S -----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC UT ILITIES ■

See footnotes at end of tables.




86

91.0089.0091.00-

121.00
120.50
121.50

106.00 9 5 . 0 0 123.00
136.00
113.50 9 8 . 0 0 102.50 9 3 . 0 0 - 119.00
123.00 11 1.50-165.00

87.00
82.50
88.50

8
8
1
1

9 1 . 5 0 - 123.00
90 .0 0- 12 6. 50
92.50122.50

~

81.00- 97.50
76.50- 93.00
81.50- 99.00

116.00 100.50-136.00
167.00
131.00 1 1 2. 00 98 .5 0- 13 2. 00
1 1 2 .0 0
165.00 1 2 5. 00 176.00

*

-

-

18
-

-

52
1

5
9

1
-

1

6
6
2

12
3
9

a
5
3

8
5
3

9
9

*

6
3
1
“

2
1
1
1

1
1
l

“

*

8
8
8

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

_

_

*

*

2
1
1

1
1

1
1
-

3
1
2

-

6
6

.
-

-

.
-

13
11
2

2
2
*

9
7
2

6
5
1

9
1
8

1
1

5
2
3

5
5

1
1

-

6
5
1

10
10
-

6
5
1

2
1
1

5
5
~

-

6
6

1
1

-

-

5

10

19

.

-

-

5
“

10
-

19
16

*

'

-

.

•

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

*

*

1

-

19
3
16

23
6
17

17
8
9
-

22
2
20
-

9
3
6
6

.
-

-

8

T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a ti o n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s — C o n t i n u e d
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Memphis, T en n .-A rk ., Novem ber 1972)

Mean

^

Median 2

-J
n
O

t

*

S

$

S

*

S

*

S

$

$

s

$

*

*

S

»

80

90

100

no

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

80

90

100

110

12 0

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

220

230

260

30
*

60

65

75

27

39
1

55

43

40

Middle ranged

55
and
under

23

1

(standard)

%

At
f

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
%

Average
weekly

1

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeis

*
O
*
O

Weekly earnings
(standard)

65

70

75

MEN AND WOMEN C O MB IN EO—
CONTINUED
SE CRETARIES - CONTINUED
w»v® L 1

EL « f wL»A
38

$
$
$
$
1 1 9. 00 40.0 139.00 144.00 12 1. 00 -

147.50
156.00
8

21

117.50— 164.00

8

2

*

2

3

8
13

j t L K t 1AKltji LLAjj b
S A N U r A b 1UK A No m
39*5 141*00 1~ C*10

182

33*3 118*00
39.0 116.50

3
21
AC
5N O NH AN UF 18 TU RI N6

103.50-126.50
96 .0 0- 12 7. 00

188

1

16*150
lO

135.50-167.50
130 50

96.00

arlfo

71 .5 0-111.00

-

-

16

9

239

39.5 103.00

96.00

89.00-111.00

-

-

8

-

1 AS
103

N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------SWIT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

65

40 0

i

i9*n
3 #0

60.0

12

5

i7

J3
zz

60.0

87.50

8 6 .0 0

3
3

1 i r l i 1i| t L A j j A
69

10

16

3

11
17

12

3 Ii
NUNnANUr Ab 1UKINIi *

See footnotes at end of tables.




fi

97*00
87 • 00

5

1

2

25

63

13

13

37

20

25

16

7

3

8

6

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

86

27

31

8

3

6

1

1

6

1

-

3

3

-

-

18

3

J

3

2
*

38*0 116*50 1 1 1 * 0 0

1

65
39

46

17

1

ff

TR AN SC RI BI NG -H AC HI NE OPERATORS.
r?

11

106.00

J
*

•n l ’nn
33 ^ 105*00 1 0 1 0 0

14

49
96

8

T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
(A verag e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Memphis, Tenn., Novem ber 1972)
Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
Occupation and industry division

of
workeis

(standard

i

$

Average
weekly

95
Mean

^

Median

*

Middle ranged

and
under
100

$

%

100

105

t

no

*
115

*
120

$
130

t
140

*

t

%

150

160

170

t
180

»
190

*
200

S
210

*

%

220

230

*
240

*
250

S
260

270
and

105

no

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

13

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

24

250

260

270 over

MEN AND WO M E N COMB IN ED
$
$
$
$
172.50 162.00 15 1. 00 -1 76 .0 0

72

6

A0*0

96

io*o 148.50 153.00 13 9. 00-159.00
40.0

26

39.5 156.50 119.50 11 4. 00 -2 06 .0 0

J?

9

195.00 193.00 17 6. 50 -2 08 .5 0
An* n 192.00 192..*0
60*0

1

11
1

l

10

9

C O M P U T E R PROGRAMERS,
10

j
!

5

5

8

8

C O M P U T E R PR OGRAMERS,
137.00 179.00 16 5. 50-207.50
60

10
200.00

j

39*5 200*50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NURSES,

IN DUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




14

8

^0*0
2

J

9

124

40.0

173.50 167.00 14 2.50-212.00

-

-

-

9

-

15

3

9

7

30

7

6

1

6

6

7

8

6

4

-

-

29

39.5

163.50 164.00 141.00 -1 83 .0 0

-

1

-

-

-

-

6

2

3

5

3

4

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a rn in g s , by sex

(A verag e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Mem phis, Tenn.— rk. , Novem ber 1972)
A
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workeis

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - MEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING

67

40.0 208.00
40.0 208.00

Weekly
hours1
standard)

$

! w
40.0 130.00
39*0

429
43

Aft ft

40.0 166.50
367

39* 5 105*50
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------—

CL ER KS t ORDER
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG

———————————————

58
45
&i
73

65
47

40.0 120.00
40.0 115.00

39.5
39.5

________
39.5

91.00

29

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - WCMEN
SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------39

40.0

34
78

39.5
40.0 107.00
39.0 106.50

249
78
171

39.5 131.00
40.0 131.00
39.5 131.00

577
141
436

39.5 108.50
40.0 118.00
39.5 105.50

96.00

1Tr 1j 1j i

32
46

39.0 149.50

123
38
85

39.5 133.00
139.00
130.00

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS - MEN
.^ -

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,

C L E R K S y ACCOUNTING* CLASS A

—— — —

j t t K t 1A K 1 1 j

*

L L A jj

D

2

*

0

ft 140.00

73
200

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS B
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G

------------------------------

CLERKS*

— — —

FILE* CLASS C

CLERKS* ORDER

■

—

—

98
78

39.0
38.5
39.5
39»5

79.00
78.00

279

L K l 1A K 1 c j *

tL A ij

. .

40.0 147. O

141.00
LLAoo

, « «

A

PA

4ft

U

*84
397

Af t

329
147
182
46

91.50
93.00

118
84

j c

. . .

1 1 1 * ftft
1 3 t . ftft
1 9

D Uo i f i L j j |

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS B

-

40*0
3 9 I5 l o e l f o
30 5 114 50
38.0 116.50

L L A jj A

- _______
_

,«

97.00

BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WO ME N— C0NTINUE0

$
57
57

Number
of
workers

ft

39.5 117.00
39.5 118.00
116.50
38.5 150.00

188

39.5 148.00

103*'?
39*5 105.00

COMP UT ER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------------------

57

40.0 189.50
180.00

29

39.5

40.0 107.50

3TLNOGRA i 1 L R S * jLNIUR
1

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
65

40.0

94.00
NURSES,

See footnote at end of tables




INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

163.50

11

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(A verag e straight-tim e hourly earnings o f w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Memphis, T en n — rk ., Novem ber 1972)
A
Number o f w orkers receivin g straight -tim e hourly earnings o f—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range 2

S
»
S
*
*
s
t
*
$
t
$
*
$
*
$
«
$
*
s
*
$
t
*
1.80 2.00 2.20 2. 40 2.60 2. 80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20
and
under
2.00 2,20 2.40 2, 60 2.80 3, 00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00

HEN
CA RPENTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E -----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

78
AO
38

$
4.49
4.17
4.84

$
4.68
4.61
4.75

$
3.743.233.99-

$
5.18
5.16
5.36

“

EL ECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

277
269

4.85
4.87

5.05
5.07

4.67- 5.25
4.71- 5.26

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

143
94
49

4.30
4.81
3.33

4.63
4.68
2.87

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BOILER --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

119
111

3.58
3.58

HE LPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES --------

93

MA CHINISTS, MA INTENANCE ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

-

4
4
-

4
4
-

-

4
2
2

4
1
3

1
1

5
4
1

-

3

4
4
"

-

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

2
2

4
4

2
1

8
8

8
6

6
6

22
21

3.05- 5.28
4.49- 5.40
2.75- 3.35

-

-

7
4
3

2
2

18
18

5
5

2
2

6
4
2

4
4

-

-

8
8

_

“

3.68
3.65

2.57- 4.42
2.56- 4.43

4
4

5
4

17
17

6
5

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

6
6

6
-

-

-

16
16

3.27

3.08

2.74- 3.94

_

4

6

3

24

1

12

_

-

18

5

18

129
125

4.67
4.68

4.84
4.85

4.36- 5.14
4.48- 5.15

“

1
1

5
5

1
1

5
5

“

10
10

8
8

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

571
200
371
315

5.08
4.63
5.32
5.63

5.38
5.06
5.79
5.91

4.563.734.655.73-

-

-

25
25
“

9
4
5
i

-

29
28
1
1

9
8
1
l

31
30
1
1

ME CHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

881
881

4.41
4.41

4.51
4.51

3.94- 5.04
3.94- 5.04

-

16
16

-

13
13

16
16

14
14

97
97

M I LL WR IG HT S --------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

139
139

5.14
5.14

5.18
5.18

4.48- 5.94
4.48- 5.94

-

1
1

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

5.92
5.35
5.95
5.96

_

“

-

-

“

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

“

2
1
1

24
9
15

-

1

1

3
3
-

9
7
2

5
3

2
2

40
39

21
20

60
60

75
75

10
10

2
2
-

28
28
“

2
-

5
4
1

15
15

18
18

24
24

4
4

-

-

6
6

_

_

2

-

«

*

4
-

14
14

5
5

30
30

21
21

15
15

-

4
2
2
1

16
2
14
9

32
2
30
9

44
17
27
27

-

24
17
7
7

81
81
*

93
93

36
36

45
45

236
236

58
58

-

145
145

103
103

-

-

28
28

8
8

26
26

11
11

3

8
8

-

-

1
-

-

PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------------

39

4.63

5.03

4.09- 5.28

-

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

2

-

PI PE FI TT ER S, MA IN TE NA NC E ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

132
132

4.95
4.95

5.06
5.06

4.47- 5.25
4. 47 - 5.25

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

”

“

”

1
1

*

“

“

“

79

4.98

4.55

4.36- 6.12

TOOL. AND DIE MA KERS —

* A ll w orkers w ere at $6.80 to $7.
See footnotes at end of tables.




-

J

4

3

44
44

10
10

■xn

3X)

20

1

2
-

_

*
1
-

*

1

1
1

7

1

*7
18
18

14
13
1

_

_

-

-

10
10

5
_

-

-

7

10

29
29

33
33

_

10
10

89
9
80
80

_

_

-

5

-

173
173
173

-

2
2
2

3
-

3
3

-

54
54
1

-

3

15
15

-

24

12

T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s
(A verag e straight-tim e hourly earnings o f w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Novem ber 1972)
A
—
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings o ?

Hourly earnings3

*
t
S
*
s
$
%
%
s
*
$
s
*
*
t
$
s
S
*
t
*
t
t
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.AO 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.AO 3 .60 3.80 A . 00 A .20 A. AO A. 60 A.80 5.00 5.20 5 . AO 5.60

Number
Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

and
under
1.60 1.70 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.AO 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 . AO 3.60 3 .80 A . 00 A . 20 A .AO A. 60 A. 80 5.00 5:20 5.AO 5.60 5.80

MEN
GU ARDS AND W A TC HM EN ----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

9A2
99
BA3

$
2.11
3.83
1.91

$
1.B6
3.95
1.81

$
1.753.A91.75-

$
1.99
A.38
1.95

-

323
323

29
7
22

18
8
10

5
5

15
l
1A

35
1
3A

19
19

10
9
i

2
1
1

28
26
2

3
3

10
10
“

-

1

1

-

-

9

1

10

3

2A

7

-

81
52
29

A7
27
20
6

56
A7
9

39
29
10
5

25
20
5
2

72
51
21
IA

5A
53
1
1

108
105
3
1

A
2
2
2

17
17

11
11

-

“

”

*

35
17
18
16

115
A2
73
2A

230
128
102
16

221
62
159
5A

AA9
137
312

266
125
1A1
“

235
190
A5
*

A3
2A
19
“

266
250
16

39
2
37

102
25
77
60

59
58
1
“

AA
A2
2

66
65
1
1

185
179
6
”

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

•

“

-

19
19
19

205
205

16
16

6
5
1

8
8

*

*

9
9

1
1

39
3
36

199
27
172

67
7
60

133
1
132

16A
30
13A

10
10

7
7

A6
A6

A1
16
25

1
1

~

13
13
*
"

27
27

A
A

18
9
9

27
23
A

13
2
11

78
77
1

6A
2A
AO

A5
5
AO

2
2
~

_
-

6
6
-

73
72
1

12
12
“

A2
A2
“

1
1

4
4

A
4

8
8

1A
2
12

4
A

31
17
1A

25
5
20

A
A
-

3
1
2

9
9

25
13
12

7
5
2

-

A
4

9
-

5
5

2
-

11
11

A
2

5
-

12
10
-

-

1.682.581.652.63-

3.03
3.91
2.07
3.5A

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

2,385
1,357
1,028
190

2.92
3.15
2.61
2.97

2.71
2.99
2.A8
2.33

2.392.A92.262.06-

3.37
3.83
2.75
3.76

_
-

OROER
FILLERS -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

1,002
120
882

3.28
3.A1
3.26

2.8A
2.91
2.83

2.AO- A.58
2.A3- A.35
2.A1- A.80

-

PACKERS, S H IP PI NG -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

A72
300
172

3.31
3.23
3.A5

2.95
3.58
2.91

2.A8- A.03
2.A5- 3.91
2.75- A . 7 A

-

R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

178
58
120

3.A7
3.A5
3.A8

3.20
3.65
3.1A

2.88- A.05
2.95- 3.85
2.76- A . 75

_
-

SHIP PI NG CL E R K S ---------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

130
37

A . 23
3.58

A . 82
3.39

3.A9- A . 86
3.15- 3.97

-

_

-

_

~

-

~

-

SHIP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS ----MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

65
5A

3.A6
3.A5

3.29
3.29

3.2A- 3.A9
3.2A- 3.53

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

A
A

A2
33

4
A

5
5

TR UC KD RI VE RS
------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

2,898
530
2,368
1.A06

A . 09
3.22
A . 28
5.18

3.88
3.1A
A. 36
5.71

2.692.752.685.11-

6
6

A8
2
A6

79
53
26
~

136
15
121
21

268
AO
228
“

257
35
222
"

10A
20
8A
“

250
239
11
“

18
11
7
”

A
A
“

97
18
79
68

230
225

TR UC KDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2A2
38
20A

2.62
2.92
2.57

2.55
2.58
2.53

2.21- 2.95
2.30- 3.A3
2.03- 2.95

6

3A
3A

9
i
8

A2
9
33

32
12
20

1A
A
10

63
63

13
2
11

_
-

A
4
“

_
“

_
“

TR UCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

950
139
811
A 18

3.58
2.75
3.72
A. 75

3.13
2.71
3.73
5.71

2.522.A12.533.81-

A.33
3.13
5.71
5.75

1A
2
12
”

A3
25
18
“

9A
6
88
21

223
27
196
*

58
23
35
“

35
1A
21
”

25
25

13
6
7

.

88
9
79
68

113
113
108

1
“

TR UC KDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

1,220
6A
1,156
885

A.7A
2.73
A. 85
5.32

5.17
2.76
5.19
5.71

3.8A2.163.895.1A-

5.7A
3.19
5.7A
5.75

27
27

-

12
12

5
5

-

9
9

-

-

185
8
177

2
2

-

13
1
12

117

-

-

-

-

-

-

117
117




6
6
-

A
95
AO
55
9

3.79- A.A1

2.12
3.33
1.71
3.39

See footnotes at end of tables,

-

3
113
33
80

A. 32

-

-

-

9
9
“
9
-

_
-

-

9

6

_

_

-

“

*

_
-

-

3
3
3

Ill
1
110
-

3.99
2. AO
3.20
1.92
3.17

-

12

68
68
~

75
1,307
A92
815
A3

”

—

12
12

A03
A
399

“

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

”

—

8
7
1

376
376

GUARDS
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

5.71
3.20
5.73
5.76

26
2A
2

33
33

_
“

-

-

-

230
-

-

*

-

66

“

66

1
1
“

*

12
12
*

8
8
*

*

A
A

6
2
A

“

30
—
30

_
-

_
*

_
“

-

-

_

_
-

2
1

73
1

3
3

-

_
“

_

A
A

5
A

1
-

-

-

.
-

•
-

32
32
1

37
9
28
“

71
69
2
“

*

2
2

6
6
“

1

20

110
15
95

_
-

-

-

5
-

270

•

-

-

-

-

A6

821
821
821

-

-

-

5

270
270

”

A6
*

2
2

•

-

-

•

*

6
.
6

-

2
2

_

_

.

_

-

-

20
*

•
-

-

.

-

-

-

*

“

*

*

“

221
221

A

10

28

AO

A98

A

10

28

-

AO

A98
A98

-

-

270
-

-

270
270

221
-

13
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s — C o n t i n u e d
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division! Memphis, Term.— r k ., Novem ber 1972)
A
Number of w orkers receivin g straight -tim e hourly earnings of —

Hourly earnings3
$

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

t

$

»

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

*
$
*
2.00 2.20 2 . 4 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

2.00 2.20

»

$

%

t

*

*

s

»

%

*

S

t

S

*

t

t

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

-

-

-

30

-

-

and
under
1 .6 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

HEN - CONTINUED
TR UC KD RI VE RS

-

CO NTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE I ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NH AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -------------------------------------------------------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------------------------------------

$

$

$
3 .7 8

$

314

3 .1 8

3 .1 4 -

4 .7 0

284

3 .5 7

3 .1 7

3 .1 3 -

4 .0 7

1 ,2 4 6

3 .4 2

3 .1 4

2 .4 6 -

4 .7 2
4 .7 3

3 .5 5

3 .3 3

2 .5 8 -

383

3 .1 4

2 .5 1

2 .3 8 -

3 .6 9

168

3 .5 0

2 .4 6

2 .2 9 -

4 .0 5

4 .4 2

3 .5 9 -

4 .6 2

142

4 .1 3

4 .4 5

3 .8 6 -

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 .6 6

863

-

8
6
2
*

-

-

-

-

200
200

-

35

146

37

40

142

36

38

-

-

-

-

“

*

36

40

75

137

209

67

42

106

38

18

95

103

52

17

72

10
10

4
4

*

4
4

64

17

6

9

7

5

-

-

4

-

“

-

-

15

*

15

34
25
9
-

19

52

10

44
8
6

-

31

“

31

“

36

8

90

4
4

37

5 .7 2

164

-

1

*

2
26
4

9

-

-

3

62

3

62

“

*

7
-

9

218

60

16

9

206

60

16

7

-

12
*

“

“

6
6

-

46

28

“

46

28

9

-

54

54

"

54

-

9

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------------

509

1 .8 3

1.68

1 .6 4 -

1 .9 7

62

2 .4 9

2 .1 8

2 .1 4 -

2 .4 7

18

'

See footn otes at end o f tables.




297

'

7

2

4

'

“

4

2
2

_
'

6
6

1
1

_

_

14

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (ex c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e rtim e
at regu la r and/or p rem iu m r a te s ), and the earnings c o rresp on d to these w e e k ly hours.
2 The mean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings of a ll w o r k e r s and dividing by the number of w o r k e r s ,
The median
designates position— half of the em p lo y e e s su rveyed r e c e iv e m o r e than the rate shown; half r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown,
The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s earn less than the lo w e r of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 Excludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and for w o rk on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The p r im a ry purpose o f p rep a rin g job descrip tio n s fo r the Bureau's wage su rveys is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in cla ssify in g into appropriate
occupations w ork ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d ifferen t w ork arran gem en ts fro m establish m ent to establishm ent and
fro m a rea to a rea .
Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational wage ra tes rep resen tin g com parab le jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in terestablish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a rab ility o f occupational content, the Bureau's job d escrip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ifican tly fro m those in use in
individual establishm ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rposes. In applying these job d es crip tio n s , the Bu reau's fie ld econ om ists a re instructed
to exclude w orking su p erviso rs; apprentices; le a rn e r s ; beginn ers; tra in ees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry, and p robation ary w o rk ers.

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.

P r e p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in voic es on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay also keep re co rd s as to billin gs o r shipping ch arges o r p erfo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g o pera tion s. F o r w age study purposes, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as fo llo w s:

C lass A . Under gen era l su pervision, p erfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the application o f ex p erien ce and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p rocessin g co m ­
plica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, selectin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, o r tra cin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to d eterm in e sou rce o f d isc rep a n cies. M ay be a ssisted by one o r m o re
cla ss B accounting cle rk s .

B ille r , machine (b illin g m a ch in e). U ses a special b illin g m achine (com bination typing
and adding m achine) to p rep a re b ills and in voices fro m cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e r s , in te r ­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in volv es application of p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping charges and en try o f n ecess a ry extension s, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and totals which are a u tom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually in volves a la rg e number o f carbon co pies o f the b ill being
prep a red and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r , machine (bookkeeping m ach in e). Uses a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without
a ty p e w rite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu stom ers' b ills as part of the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en era lly in volves the simultaneous en try o f fig u res on cu sto m ers' le d g e r re c o r d . The
m achine au tom atically accum ulates fig u res on a number o f v e r tic a l columns and computes
and usually prints au tom atically the debit o r cred it balances. Does not in volve a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fro m uniform and standard types o f sales and cred it slip s.

C lass B . Under clo se su pervision, fo llow in g detailed in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced ures, p e rfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l o peration s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , card s, o r w orksh eets w here id en tifica tion o f item s and location s o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking a ccu racy and com pleteness o f standardized and re p e titiv e re co rd s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an establish ed filin g system . May p e r fo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks requ ired to m aintain file s . P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C lass A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te ria l such as co rrespon d en ce, re p orts, tech ­
nical documents, etc., in an establish ed filin g system containing a number o f va ried subject
m a tter file s . M ay also file this m a te r ia l. May keep re co rd s o f variou s types in conjunction
with the file s .
M ay lead a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le rk s .

B O O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
Operates a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o rd
o f business tran saction s.

C lass B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo rm re la ted

C lass A . Keeps a set o f re cord s requ irin g a knowledge o f and exp erien ce in basic
bookkeeping p rin c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity with the structure o f the pa rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p rop er re c o rd s and distribu tion o f debit and cre d it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p rep a re consolidated re p o rts, balance sheets, and oth er re cord s
by hand.
C lass B. Keeps a re c o rd o f one o r m o re phases o r sections o f a set o f re cord s usually
requ irin g little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases o r sections include accounts payable,
p a yro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type o f b illin g d es crib e d under b ille r ,
m achine), cost distribu tion, expense distribu tion , in ven tory control, etc. M ay check or a ssist
in preparation o f t r ia l balances and p rep a re control sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to re g is te r s and le d g e rs ;
recon cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al consistency, com pleteness, and m ath em atical
a ccu racy o f accounting documents; assigning p re s c rib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a ccu racy variou s types o f re p o r ts , lis ts , calcu lations, posting, etc.;
o r p repa rin g sim ple o r a ssistin g in p repa rin g m o re co m plicated journal vou chers. M ay w ork
in eith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork re q u ires a know ledge o f c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e p ra c tic es and procedu res
which re la tes to the c le r ic a l p roce ssin g and re cord in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form ation .
With ex p erien c e, the w ork er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedu res used in the assigned w ork, but is not requ ired to have a knowledge o f the fo rm a l
p rin cip les o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

u nclassified m a te r ia l by sim ple (subject m a tter) head­
fin er subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple related index and
lo ca tes c le a r ly iden tified m a teria l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks requ ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C lass C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l cla s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ron ologica l,
o r n u m erical). A s requ ested, locates re a d ily a va ila ble m a te ria l in file s and forw a rds m a ­
te r ia l; and m ay f i l l out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re qu ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers' o rd e rs fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch andise by m a il, phone, or p erso n a lly.
Duties in volv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p ric e s to cu stom ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r ; checking p ric e s and quantities o f item s on o rd er
sheet; and distribu tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to determ in e c re d it rating o f cu stom er, acknowledge re ceip t of o rd e rs from cu stom ers,
fo llo w up o rd e rs to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in voic es with o rig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
Computes w ages o f company em p loyees and en ters the n ecess a ry data on the p a y ro ll
sheets. Duties in volv e: Calculating w o r k e r s ’ earnings based on tim e o r production re c o rd s ; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's name, w orking
days, tim e, ra te, deductions fo r insurance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and
a ssist p aym aster in m aking up and distribu tin g pay en velopes. M ay use a calculating m achine.

The Bureau has discontinued co llectin g data fo r com p to m eter o p era to rs.

15

16
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p era tes a keypunch m achine to r e c o r d
tabulating card s o r on tape.

o r v e r i fy

alphabetic

and/or n um eric

data on

P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis o f the fo llo w in g defin itio n s.
C la ss A . W ork re q u ire s the application o f e x p erien c e and judgm ent in sele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llo w ed and in sea rch in g fo r , in te rp retin g , sele ctin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie ty o f so u rce docum ents. On occa sip n m ay also p e r fo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork .
M ay tra in in exp erien ced keypunch o p e ra to rs .

N O T E : Th e te r m "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l d efin ition s fo llow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t c o rp o ra te -w id e p olicym akin g r o le with re ga rd to m a jo r
com pany a c tiv itie s . The t it le " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le , does not
in a ll cases id en tify such po sition s. V ic e presid en ts whose p r im a ry re s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r ­
son a lly on individual ca ses o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c r e d it action s;
a d m in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c t ly su p ervise a c le r ic a l s ta ff) a re not co n sid ered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r pu rposes o f applying the fo llow in g le v e l d efin itio n s .
C la ss A

a ll,
C la ss B . W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under c lo s e su p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p roce d u res o r in stru ction s, w orks fr o m va rio u s stand ardized sou rce documents which have
been coded, and fo llo w s sp e c ifie d p roce d u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and re q u ire
little o r no sele ctin g , coding, o r in te rp r e tin g o f data to be re co rd ed . R e fe r s to s u p erviso r
p rob le m s a ris in g fr o m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m is s in g in form a tion .

1. S e c re ta r y to the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em p loys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r

2. S e c re ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the board or p resid en t)
o f a com pany that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p e rs o n s ; o r
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b elo w the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm en t o r su b sid iary o f a com pany that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

M ESSENG ER (O ffic e Boy o r G irl)

1. S e c re ta r y to the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em p loy s, in
fe w e r than 100 p erso n s; o r

P e r fo r m s va rio u s routine duties such as running erra n d s, operatin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and distrib u tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude position s that re q u ire op era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sign ifican t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly below the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , re s e a rc h , o p era tio n s, in du strial r e la tion s, e tc .) o r a m a jo r geogra p h ic o r o rg a n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a re g io n a l h eadqu arters;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a com pany that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A ssig n ed as p erso n a l s e c r e ta r y , n o rm a lly to one in dividu al. Maintains a clo s e and h igh ly
resp o n siv e relatio n sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the s u p e rv is o r. W orks fa ir ly independently r e ­
c e iv in g a m inim u m o f d eta iled su p ervisio n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
duties, usually including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s teleph one c a lls , p erso n a l c a lle r s , and in com ing m a il,
in q u ires, and rou tes tech n ical in q u iries to the p ro p e r perso n s;

a nsw ers

b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

c.

R ela y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c to ry , etc . (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im p ortan t o rga n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m anagem ent s u p e r v is o r o f an orga n iza tio n a l segm en t often in volv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p erso n s) o r a com pany that em p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's ca len dar and m akes appointm ents as in stru cted;

d.

routine

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t)
o f a com pany that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r 's file s ;
C la ss C

su p e rv is o r to subordinates;

e. R e v ie w s co rresp o n d en c e, m em orand um s, and re p o rts p rep a red
s u p e r v is o r 's signatu re to a ssu re p ro ce d u ra l and typ o gra p h ic accu racy;
f.

P e r fo r m s

by oth ers fo r the

1. S e c re ta r y to an ex ecu tive o r m a n a g eria l person whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situations in the defin ition fo r c la ss B , but whose o rga n izatio n a l
unit n o rm a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e ra l dozen em p loy ees and is u su ally divid ed into o rg a n iz a ­
tion al segm en ts which a re often , in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com pan ies, th is le v e l
includes a w ide ran ge o f o rga n iza tio n a l ech elons; in o th e rs , o n ly one o r two; or
2. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

sten ograph ic and typin g w ork.

M ay a lso p e r fo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f com parab le nature and d ifficu lty .
Th e w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ire s kn ow ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the o rga n iza tio n ,
p r o g ra m s , and p roce d u res re la ted to the w ork o f the s u p e rv is o r.

E xclu sions
Not a ll p osition s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o sses s the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f po sition s which a re exclu ded fr o m the defin ition a re as fo llo w s :

E xam ples

C la ss D
1. S e c re ta r y to the su p e rv is o r o r head o f a sm a ll o rga n iza tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p erso n s); o r
2. S e c re ta r y to a n on su p erviso ry sta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o fe s s io n a l em p lo y ee, a d m in istra ­
t iv e o ffi c e r , o r a ssista n t, sk ille d tech nician o r e x p e rt. (N O T E : M any com panies assign
sten ogra p h ers, ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d es c rib e d above, to this le v e l o f s u p e rv is o ry o r
n on su p erviso ry w o r k e r .)
STENO G RAPH ER

a.

P o sitio n s

which do

not m e et the

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e ta r y

b.

concept d e s crib e d

above:

S tenograp hers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

c. S tenograp hers s e rv in g as o ffic e a ssistan ts to a group o f p r o fe s s io n a l, tech n ic a l, or
m a n a g e ria l perso n s;
d. S e c re ta r y p osition s in which the duties a re e ith er substantially m o r e routine o r
su bstan tially m o re co m p le x and re sp o n sib le than those c h a ra c te riz e d in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dicta tion using shorthand, and to t r a n s c rib e the dictation . M ay
a lso type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fr o m a sten ograph ic p o ol. M a y o c c a s io n a lly tra n s c rib e
fr o m v o ic e re c o rd in g s ( i f p r im a r y duty is tra n s c rib in g fr o m re c o r d in g s , see T ra n sc rib in g -M a c h in e
O p era to r, G e n era l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is distin gu ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c r e ta r y n o rm a lly
w orks in a co n fid en tia l re la tio n s h ip w ith only one m a n a ger o r ex ecu tive and p e r fo rm s m o re
re sp o n sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d e s c rib e d in the s e c r e t a r y job defin ition .
S tenographer, G en era l

e. A ssista n t type p osition s which in vo lv e m o re d iffic u lt o r m o re resp o n sib le te c h ­
n ica l, a d m in is tra tiv e , s u p e r v is o ry , o r s p e c ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.




D ictation in v o lv e s a n orm a l routine vo ca b u la ry. M ay m aintain file s , keep sim ple r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo rm o th er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

17
S TE N O G R A P H E R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic Accounting Machine O p era to r)— Continued

S tenographer, Senior

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.

D ictation in vo lv es a v a rie d tech n ical o r s p e c ia lize d vocabu lary such as in leg a l b rie fs
o r re p orts on s cie n tific re s e a rc h . M ay also set up and m aintain file s , keep re c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s stenographic duties re qu irin g sig n ifican tly g r e a te r independence and resp o n ­
s ib ility than sten ograph er, ge n era l, as evid enced by the follow in g:
W ork re q u ires a high
d e g re e o f stenographic speed and a ccu racy; a thorough w orkin g knowledge o f gen era l business
and o ffic e proced u re; and o f the sp e cific business o pera tion s, organ ization, p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
du res, file s , w ork flo w , etc.
U ses this know ledge in p erfo rm in g stenographic duties and
resp o n sib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m aintaining follow u p file s ; assem blin g m a te ria l fo r re p orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs ; com posing sim ple le tte rs fro m general in stru ction s; reading and
routing in com ing m a il; and answ erin g routine questions, etc.
S W ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R
C la ss A . O perates a sin gle- o r m u ltip le-p ositio n telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s fu ll telephone in form ation s e r v ic e o r handles
com plex c a lls , such as co n feren ce, c o lle c t, o v e rs e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , eith er in addition to
doing routine w ork as d e s crib e d fo r sw itchboard o p era to r, cla ss B, o r as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. (" F u l l " telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e o ccu rs when the establishm ent has v a rie d
functions that a re not re a d ily understandable fo r telephone in form ation purposes, e.g ., because
o f o verla p p in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and consequently presen t frequent problem s as to
which extensions a re a ppropriate fo r c a lls .)
C lass B . O perates a single- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay handle routine long distance c a lls and re c o rd to lls .
M ay p e r fo rm lim ited telephone in form ation s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telephone in form ation s e r v ic e
o ccu rs i f the functions o f the establishm ent s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily understandable fo r telephone
in form a tion pu rposes, o r i f the requ ests a re routine, e.g ., giving extension numbers when
sp e c ific names a re furnished, o r i f com p lex ca lls a re r e fe r r e d to another o p e ra to r.)
T h ese cla ssifica tio n s do not include sw itchboard o p era to rs in telephone com panies who
a s s is t cu stom ers in placing ca lls.
S W ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p erfo rm in g duties o f o p era to r on a sin gle-p ositio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch ­
board, acts as recep tio n ist and m ay also type o r p e r fo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f regu la r
duties. Th is typing o r c le r ic a l w ork m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itchboard.
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic A ccounting Machine O p era to r)
O perates one o r a v a rie ty o f m achines such as the tabu lator, ca lcu la tor, c o lla to r, in te r­
p r e te r, s o rte r , reprodu cin g punch, etc. Excluded fro m this definition a re w orking s u p erviso rs.
A ls o excluded a re o p era to rs o f ele c tro n ic d ig ita l com pu ters, even though they m ay also operate
E A M equipment.

C lass A . P e r fo r m s com plete reportin g and tabulating assignm ents including devising
d ifficu lt control panel w irin g under gen era l su pervision. A ssignm ents typ ically in volve a
v a rie ty o f long and com plex re p orts which often a re irr e g u la r o r non recurrin g, requ iring
som e planning o f the nature and sequencing o f operations, and the use o f a v a rie ty o f m a ­
chines. Is ty p ic a lly in volved in train ing new o p era to rs in machine operations o r training
lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs in w irin g fro m d iagram s and in the operatin g sequences o f long and
com p lex re p o rts .
Does not include positions in which w irin g re s p o n sib ility is lim ited to
selection and in sertio n o f p re w ire d boards.
C lass B . P e r fo r m s w ork accordin g to established procedu res and under s p e cific in ­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents ty p ic a lly in volve com plete but routine and re c u rrin g rep orts o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o re com plex re p o rts. O perates m o re d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calcu la tor, in addition to the sim p ler machines
used by cla ss C o p era to rs. M ay be re qu ired to do som e w irin g fr o m dia gra m s. M ay train
new em p loyees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C . Under s p e cific in stru ction s, operates sim ple tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l accounting
m achines such as the s o rte r , in te rp re te r, reproducing punch, c o lla to r, etc. Assignm ents
ty p ic a lly in vo lv e portions o f a w ork unit, fo r exam ple, individual sortin g o r collatin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e opera tio n s. M ay p erfo rm sim ple w irin g fro m d ia gra m s, and do some filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tra n scrib e dictation in volvin g a n orm al routine vocabu lary fro m
tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e re c o r d s . M ay also type fro m w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork.
W ork ers tra n scrib in g dictation in volving a v a rie d technical o r sp e c ia lize d vocabu lary such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p orts on s cie n tific re sea rch a re not included. A w o rk er who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m achine is c la s s ifie d as a sten ograph er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake copies o f variou s m a te ria ls o r to m ake out b ills a fter ca lcu la ­
tions have been m ade by another person . M ay include typing of sten cils, m ats, o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls fo r use in duplicating p ro c e s s e s . May do c le r ic a l w ork in volvin g little specia l train ing, such
as keeping sim ple re c o r d s , filin g re co rd s and re p o rts, o r sortin g and distribu tin g incom ing m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a teria l in final fo rm when
it in volves com bining m a teria l fro m sev e ra l sou rces; o r re sp o n sib ility fo r c o rr e c t spellin g,
sy llab ica tion , punctuation, etc., o f technical o r unusual w ords or fo reig n language m a te ­
ria l; o r planning layout and typing o f com plicated sta tistica l tables to maintain u niform ity
and balance in spacing. May type routine fo rm le tte rs , va ryin g d etails to suit circu m stances.
C lass B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d rafts; o r routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , etc.; o r setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; o r copying m o re com plex tables a lrea d y set up and spaced p rop e rly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n ito rs and o pera tes the control console o f a d ig ita l com puter to p roce ss data accordin g
to operatin g in stru ction s, usually p rep a red by a p r o g ra m e r . W ork includes m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ction s to determ in e equipment setup and o pera tion s; loads equipment with requ ired
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s, e tc .); sw itches n ecess a ry a u x ilia ry equipment into c irc u it, and starts
and op era tes com puter; m akes adjustm ents to com puter to c o r r e c t operatin g p roblem s and m eet
sp e cia l conditions; re view s e r r o r s m ade during operation and d eterm in es cause o r r e fe r s problem
to su p erviso r o r p ro g ra m e r; and m aintains opera tin g r e c o r d s . M ay test and a ssist in c o rrectin g
p ro g ra m .
F o r w age study pu rp oses,

com puter o p era to rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:

C la ss A . O perates independently, o r under only ge n era l d irection , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st o f the fo llow in g c h a ra c te ris tic s :
New prog ra m s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requ irem en ts a re o f c r itic a l im portan ce to m in im ize downtime;
the p rog ra m s a re o f com plex design so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r sou rce often re q u ires a
w orkin g knowledge o f the total p ro g ra m , and altern ate p rog ra m s m ay not be a va ila b le. May
g iv e d irection and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs.
C lass B. O perates independently, o r under only gen era l direction , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st o f the fo llow in g c h a ra c te ris tic s : M ost o f the p rog ra m s a re established
production runs, ty p ic a lly run on a re g u la rly re c u rrin g basis: there is little o r no testing




o f new p rog ra m s requ ired ; a ltern a te p rog ra m s a re provid ed in case o rigin a l program needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o rr e c te d within a reasonable tim e. In comm on e r r o r situa­
tion s, diagnoses cause and takes c o r r e c tiv e action. This usually in volv es applying p revio u s ly
p rog ra m ed c o r r e c t iv e steps, o r using standard c o rr e c tio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d ir e c t su pervision a com puter running p rog ra m s o r segments o f p rog ra m s
with the c h a ra c te ris tic s d escrib ed fo r cla ss A . M ay a ssist a h igh er le v e l o p era to r by in de­
pendently p erfo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks assigned, and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt tasks fo llow in g
d etailed in stru ction s and with frequent re v ie w o f operations p erfo rm e d .
C lass C . W orks on routine p rog ra m s under clo s e su pervision . Is expected to develop
w orking know ledge o f the com puter equipment used and a b ility to detect problem s in volved in
running routine p ro g ra m s . U su ally has re c e iv e d som e fo rm a l train in g in computer operation.
M ay a ssist h igh er le v e l o p era to r on com plex p rog ra m s.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f business prob lem s, ty p ic a lly prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence o f deta iled instructions which a re re qu ired to so lve the problem s by automatic data
p ro ce ssin g equipment. W orking fro m charts o r d ia gra m s, the p ro g ra m e r develops the p re c is e in ­
structions which, when en tered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

18
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— Continued
o f data to a ch ieve d es ire d re su lts . W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lies knowledge o f
com pu ter ca p a b ilitie s , m a th em a tics, lo g ic em ployed by com pu ters, and p a rticu la r subject m a tter
in volv ed to a nalyze charts and d ia gra m s o f the p rob le m to be progra m ed ; develop s sequence
o f p ro g ra m steps; w rite s d eta iled flo w ch arts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p ro ce ssed ;
co n verts these charts to coded in stru ction s fo r m achine to fo llo w ; tests and c o r r e c ts p ro g ra m s;
p rep a res in stru ction s fo r operatin g personn el during production run; an a lyzes, re v ie w s , and a lte rs
p ro g ra m s to in cre a s e opera tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new requ irem en ts; m aintains re co rd s o f
p ro g ra m developm en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W ork ers p e rfo rm in g both system s analysis and p r o ­
gra m in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s analysts i f th is is the s k ill used to determ in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loyees p r im a r ily re sp o n sib le fo r the managem ent o r su p ervisio n o f
other ele c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p lo y ees, o r p r o g ra m e r s p r im a r ily concerned with scie n tific
and/or en gin eerin g p ro b le m s.
F o r w age study pu rp oses, p r o g ra m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:
C lass A . W orks independently o r under only g e n era l d ire c tio n on com p lex prob lem s which
re q u ire com petence in a ll phases o f p ro g ra m in g concepts and p r a c tic e s . W orking fro m d ia ­
gram s and charts which id en tify the nature o f d e s ire d re su lts , m a jo r p ro ce ssin g steps to be
accom plished , and the relation sh ips betw een va rio u s steps o f the prob lem so lvin g routine;
plans the fu ll range o f p rog ra m in g actions needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the com puter system
in ach ievin g d es ire d end products.
A t this le v e l, p rog ra m in g is d iffic u lt becau se com pu ter equipment m ust be o rga n ized to
produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e rs e products fro m num erous and d iv e rs e data elem en ts.
A w ide v a rie ty and exten sive num ber o f in tern al p ro c e s s in g action s must o ccu r. Th is re q u ires
such actions as developm en t o f com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between o p era tio n s, adjustm ents to data when p rog ra m requ irem en ts exceed
com puter sto ra ge capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequ encing o f data elem en ts
to fo rm a high ly in tegra ted p ro g ra m .
M ay p rovid e functional d ire c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s who a re assigned to a ssist.
C lass B . J W orks independently o r under only ge n era l d irection on re la t iv e ly sim ple
p ro g ra m s, o r on sim ple segm ents o f com p lex p ro g ra m s .
P ro g ra m s (o r segm en ts) usually
p ro ce ss in form a tion to produce data in two o r th ree v a rie d sequences o r fo rm a ts. R ep orts
and listin gs a re produced by re fin in g, adapting, a rra y in g , o r m aking m in o r additions to o r
deletion s fr o m input data which a re re a d ily a va ila b le.
W hile numerous re c o rd s m ay be
p ro c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
o f data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T y p ic a lly , the p rog ra m deals with
routine re c o rd -k e e p in g type opera tio n s.
OR
W orks on co m p lex p ro g ra m s (as d e s crib e d fo r cla ss A ) under clo se d ire c tio n o f a h igher
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r su p e rv is o r. M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l p ro g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks a ssigned, and p e rfo rm in g m o re d iffic u lt tasks under fa ir ly clo se
d irection .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s .
C lass C. M akes p ra c tic a l applications o f p ro g ra m in g p ra c tic es and concepts usually
lea rn ed in fo rm a l tra in in g co u rses . A ssign m en ts a re design ed to d evelop com petence in the
application o f standard proced u res to routine p ro b le m s. R e c e iv e s close su pervision on new
aspects o f assignm ents; and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its accu racy and conform ance with
re qu ired p roce d u res.
C O M P U T E R SYS TE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly zes business prob lem s to fo rm u la te p roced u res fo r so lvin g them by use o f elec tro n ic
data p ro ce ssin g equipment. D evelops a co m p lete d escrip tio n o f a ll specifica tion s needed to enable
p r o g ra m e r s to p rep a re re q u ired d ig ita l com puter p ro g ra m s . W ork in volv es m o st of the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s su b ject-m a tter operations to be automated and id en tifies conditions and c r ite r ia requ ired
to ach ieve sa tis fa c to ry re su lts ; sp e c ifie s number and types o f r e c o r d s , file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be p e rfo rm e d by personn el and com puters in su fficient detail fo r
p resen tation to m anagem ent and fo r p rog ra m in g (ty p ic a lly this in volv es p repa ra tion o f w ork and
data flo w ch a rts); coordin ates the developm en t o f test p roblem s and p a rticip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and re v is e d sy stem s; and recom m en ds equipment changes to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll
opera tio n s. (N O T E : W ork ers p erfo rm in g both system s analysis and p rogra m in g should be c la s ­
sifie d as system s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to d eterm in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily resp o n sib le fo r the managem ent o r su pervision
o f other elec tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p lo y ees, o r system s analysts p r im a r ily concerned with
scie n tific o r en gin eerin g p rob lem s.
F o r w age study pu rposes,

system s analysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:

C lass A . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d ire c tio n on com plex p roblem s in ­
v o lvin g a ll phases o f system s a n a lysis. P ro b le m s a re co m p lex because o f d iv e rs e sou rces o f
input data and m u ltip le-u se requ irem en ts o f output data. (F o r exam ple, develops an in tegrated
production scheduling, in ven tory co n trol, cost a n a ly sis, and sales analysis re c o r d in which




C O M P U T E R S YSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS-"-Continued
e v e r y item o f each type is au to m a tica lly p ro ce ssed through the fu ll system o f re co rd s and
a ppropria te follow u p actions a re in itia ted by the com puter.) C o n fers with persons concern ed to
determ in e the data p ro ce ssin g prob lem s and a dvises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lic a ­
tions o f new o r re v is e d system s o f data p ro ce ssin g o peration s. M akes recom m en dation s, i f
needed, fo r a p proval o f m a jo r system s in stalla tion s o r changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
M ay p rovid e functional d irectio n
as sist.

to lo w e r

le v e l system s analysts who a re assigned to

C la ss B . W orks independently o r under only ge n era l d ire c tio n on prob lem s that a re
re la t iv e ly uncom plicated to a nalyze, plan, p ro g ra m , and op era te. P ro b le m s a re o f lim ite d
co m p le xity because sou rces o f input data are hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly
re la ted .
(F o r exa m ple, d evelop s system s fo r m aintaining d ep osito r accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts re c e iv a b le in a r e ta il establish m ent, o r m aintaining in ven to ry accounts
in a m anufacturing o r w h o lesa le establish m en t.) C on fers with person s con cern ed to determ in e
the data p ro ce ssin g p roblem s and advises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lica tio n s o f the
data p ro ce ssin g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a co m p lex data p ro ce ssin g schem e o r system , as d e s crib e d fo r
cla ss A . W orks independently on routine assignm ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance
on com p lex a ssignm ents. W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f judgm ent, com plian ce with in ­
stru ctions, and to in su re p rop e r aiinem en t with the o v e r a ll sy stem .
C la ss C . W orks under im m edia te su p ervision , c a rr y in g out analyses as assigned, usually
o f a sin gle a c tiv ity . A ssign m en ts a re design ed to d ev elop and expand p r a c tic a l ex p erien ce
in the application o f proced u res and sk ills re q u ired fo r system s a n alysis w ork. F o r exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a h igh er le v e l system s analyst by p rep a rin g the d eta iled sp ecifica tion s re q u ired
by p r o g ra m e r s fro m in form a tion develop ed by the h igh er le v e l analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
C la ss A . Plan s the graphic presen tation o f com p lex item s having d istin ctive design
fea tu res that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m establish ed draftin g p reced en ts. W orks in clo s e sup­
port with the design o rig in a to r , and m ay recom m en d m in o r design changes. A n a ly zes the
e ffe c t o f each change on the deta ils o f fo rm , function, and p o sition al relationships o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts.
W orks with a m inim um o f su p e rv is o ry a ssista n ce. C om pleted w ork is
re v ie w e d by design o rig in a to r fo r con sisten cy with p r io r en gin eerin g d eterm in a tion s. M ay
eith er p re p a re d raw in gs, o r d ir e c t th e ir p rep a ra tion by lo w e r le v e l draftsm en.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and com p lex d raftin g assignm ents that re q u ire the a p p li­
cation o f m o st o f the standardized draw in g techniques re g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in ­
vo lv e such w ork as:
P r e p a re s w orkin g draw ings of su b assem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltiple functions, and p r e c is e position al relation sh ips betw een com ponents; p rep a res a rc h i­
tectu ra l draw in gs fo r constru ction o f a building including d eta il draw in gs o f foundations, w all
section s, flo o r plans, and ro o f. U ses accepted form u la s and manuals in m aking n ecess a ry
com putations to d eterm in e quantities o f m a te r ia ls to be used, load c a p a cities, strength s,
s tre s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in stru ction s, req u irem en ts, and a d vice fr o m s u p erviso r.
C om pleted w ork is checked fo r tech n ical adequacy.
C lass C . P r e p a re s d eta il draw ings o f sin gle units o r parts fo r en gin eerin g, construction,
m anufacturing, o r re p a ir pu rposes. Typ es o f draw ings p rep a red include is o m e tr ic p rojectio n s
(dep ictin g th ree dim ensions in a ccu rate s c a le ) and section al view s to c la r ify position in g o f
components and convey needed in form a tion . C on solid ates deta ils frorr\ a num ber o f sou rces
and adjusts o r tra n sp oses sca le as requ ired . Suggested m ethods o f approach, applicable
preced en ts, and advice on sou rce m a te ria ls a re given with in itia l a ssignm ents. Instructions
a re less co m p lete when assignm ents recu r.
W ork m ay be spot-ch ecked during p r o g re s s .
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
C opies plans and draw ings p rep a red by oth ers by placin g tra c in g cloth o r paper o v e r
draw ings and tra cin g with pen o r pen cil.
(Does not include tra cin g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
consisting o f stra igh t lin es and a la rg e scale not requ irin g clo s e delin ea tion .)
AND/OR
P r e p a re s sim ple o r re p e titiv e draw ings o f e a s ily visu a liz e d item s .
during p r o g re s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly su p ervised

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W orks on va riou s types o f ele c tro n ic equipment o r system s by p erfo rm in g one o r m o re
o f the fo llow in g o peration s: M o d ifyin g, in stallin g, re p a irin g, and overh au ling. T h ese operations
re q u ire the p erfo rm a n ce o f m o st o r all o f the fo llo w in g tasks: A ssem b lin g, testin g, adjusting,
ca lib ratin g, tuning, and alinin g.
W ork is n on rep etitive and re q u ires a know ledge o f the th eory and p r a c tic e o f elec tro n ics
pertain in g to the use o f gen era l and s p e c ia lize d ele c tro n ic test equipment; trou ble analysis; and
the operation, relatio n sh ip , and aiinem en t o f e le c tro n ic sy stem s, su bsystem s, and circu its having
a v a r ie ty o f component pa rts.

19
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

NU RSE, IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is te re d )

E le c tr o n ic equipment o r system s w orked on ty p ic a lly include one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
Ground, v e h ic le , o r a irborn e ra dio com m unications system s, r e la y system s, navigation aids;
a irb o rn e o r ground ra d a r system s; radio and te le v is io n tra n sm ittin g o r re co rd in g system s; e le c ­
tro n ic com pu ters; m is s ile and sp a ce cra ft guidance and co n trol system s; in d u stria l and m e d ica l
m easu rin g, indicating and con trollin g d ev ices; etc.

A re g is te r e d nurse who giv es nursing s e r v ic e under gen era l m e d ica l d irection to i l l or
injured em p loyees o r other persons who becom e i ll or su ffer an accident on the p rem ises o f a
fa c to ry or other establishm ent. Duties in volve a combination of the fo llo w in g ; G iving fir s t aid
to the i l l or injured; attending to subsequent dressin g o f em p lo y ees' in ju ries; keeping record s
of patients trea ted ; prep a rin g accident reports fo r com pensation o r other purposes; assisting in
ph ysical exam inations and health evaluations o f applicants and em p loyees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rog ra m s in volvin g health education, accident preven tion , evaluation o f plant environm ent,
o r other a c tiv itie s a ffec tin g the health, w e lfa re , and safety o f a ll personn el. N u rsing su pervisors
o r head nurses in establish m ents em ploying m o re than one nurse a re excluded.

(E xclu de production a ssem b lers and te s te r s , craftsm en , draftsm en , d es ig n e rs , en gin eers,
and re p a irm e n o f such standard e le c tro n ic equipment as o ffic e m achines, ra d io and te le v is io n
re c e iv in g s e ts .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T, M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the ca rp en try duties n e c e s s a r y to constru ct and maintain in good re p a ir bu ild­
ing w oodw ork and equipment such as bins, c rib s , cou nters, benches, p a rtition s, d oors, flo o r s ,
s ta irs , casin gs, and t r im m ade o f wood in an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and la yin g out of w ork fr o m blu eprin ts, draw in gs, m o d els , o r verb a l in stru ction s; using a
v a r ie ty o f c a rp e n te r's handtools, p orta ble p ow er to o ls , and standard m easuring instrum ents; m a k­
ing standard shop computations relatin g to dim ensions o f w ork; and selectin g m a te ria ls n ecess a ry
fo r the w ork. In g e n era l, the w ork o f the maintenance ca rp en ter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent train in g and ex p erien c e.

Prod u ces repla cem en t parts and new parts in making re p a irs o f m eta l parts of m echan ical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
instructions and sp e cifica tion s; planning and laying out o f w ork; using a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in ist's
handtools and p recisio n m easu ring instrum ents; setting up and operatin g standard m achine too ls;
shaping o f m eta l parts to clo se tole ra n c es; making standard shop computations relatin g to dim en ­
sions o f w ork, toolin g, fee d s, and speeds of machining; knowledge o f the w orkin g p r o p e rties o f
the comm on m e ta ls; selectin g standard m a te ria ls , parts, and equipment re q u ired fo r his w ork;
and fittin g and assem blin g parts into m echan ical equipment. In g e n era l, the m a ch in ist's w ork
n o rm a lly re q u ires a rounded train in g in m achine-shop p r a c tic e usually acq u ired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent train in g and experien ce.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty of e le c tr ic a l tra d e functions such as the in stallation , m aintenance, or
re p a ir of equipment fo r the generation , distribu tion , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c tr ic en ergy in an esta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r re p a irin g any of a v a rie ty of e le c ­
t r ic a l equipment such as ge n era to rs , tra n s fo rm e rs , sw itch boards, c o n tr o lle r s , c ircu it b r e a k e rs ,
m o to rs , heating units, conduit sy stem s, o r other tra n sm ission equipment; w orkin g fr o m blu e­
p rin ts, draw in gs, layouts, o r other sp ecifica tion s; locatin g and diagnosing trou ble in the e le c tr ic a l
sy stem or equipment; w orkin g standard computations relatin g to load requ irem en ts of w irin g or
e le c tr ic a l equipment; and using a v a rie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m easu ring and testin g
instrum ents. In ge n era l, the w ork of the maintenance e le c tr ic ia n re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equ ivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
Operates and m aintains and m ay also su p ervise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (m echan ical o r e le c tr ic a l) to supply the establish m ent in which em ployed with pow er,
heat, re frig e ra tio n , o r air-co n d ition in g . W ork in volv es:
O perating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p re s s o rs , g e n era to rs , m o to rs, turbines, ven tilatin g and r e f r i g ­
eratin g equipment, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r - fe d w a te r pumps; making equipment re p a irs ; and
keeping a re c o rd of operation o f m a ch in ery, tem p era tu re, and fu el consumption. M ay also su­
p e r v is e these operations. Head o r ch ief en gin eers in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one
en gin eer a re exclu ded.
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F ir e s station ary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, pow er,
o r steam . Feed s fu els to fir e by hand o r o perates a m ech an ical stoker, gas, o r o il bu rn er; and
checks w a ter and safety v a lv e s .
May clean, o il, o r a ssist in repa irin g b o ile rr o o m equipment.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S
A s s is ts one o r m o re w o rk ers in the sk illed maintenance tra d es, by p erfo rm in g sp e c ific
o r g e n era l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a w o rk e r supplied with m a te ria ls and too ls;
cleaning w orkin g a rea , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m a te ria ls or
too ls; and p erfo rm in g other u nskilled tasks as d irected by journeym an. The kind of w ork the
h elp er is p erm itted to p e r fo rm v a rie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e: In som e trades the h elp er is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and holding m a te ria ls and to o ls , and cleaning w orking a rea s; and in others
he is p erm itted to p e r fo rm sp e c ia lize d m achine o peration s, o r parts o f a tra d e that a re also
p e rfo rm e d by w o rk ers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LR O O M
S p ecia liz es in the operation o f one o r m o re types o f machine tools, such as jig b o re r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r su rface g rin d e rs , engine lathes, or m illin g m achines, in the construction of
m ach in e-sh op to o ls , ga ges, jig s , fix tu res, o r dies. W ork in volv es m ost of the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt machining operations; p ro ce ssin g item s requ iring co m plicated setups or
a high d e g re e o f a ccu ra cy; using a v a r ie ty of p recisio n m easu ring instrum ents; selectin g feed s,
speeds, too lin g, and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e s s a ry adjustments during operation
to ach ieve re q u isite to le ra n c es or dim ensions. M ay be requ ired to re cog n ize when too ls need
d ressin g, to d ress to o ls , and to sele ct p rop e r coolants and cutting and lu bricatin g o ils .
For
cro s s -in d u s try w age study pu rposes, m a ch in e-too l o p era to rs, to o lro o m , in to o l and die jobbing
shops a re excluded fr o m this c la ssifica tio n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M aintenance)
R ep airs a u tom obiles, buses, m otortru cks, and tra c to rs o f an establishm ent. W ork in ­
vo lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining autom otive equipment to diagnose sou rce o f trou ble; d is ­
assem blin g equipment and p erfo rm in g re p a irs that in volve the use of such handtools as w ren ch es,
ga g es, d r ills , o r sp e cia lize d equipment in d isassem blin g o r fittin g p a rts; replacing broken or
d efe c tiv e parts fr o m stock; grinding and adjusting v a lv e s ; re as sem b lin g and in stallin g the variou s
assem b lies in the v e h ic le and making n ec e s s a ry adjustments; and alining w h e els, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, o r tightening body bolts. In gen era l, the w ork o f the au tom otive mechanic re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent
train in g and ex p erien c e.
Th is cla s s ific a tio n does not include m echanics who re p a ir cu sto m ers' veh icles in auto­
m o b ile re p a ir shops.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R ep airs m a ch in ery o r m echan ical equipment o f an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining m achines and m echan ical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trou ble;
dism antling o r p a rtly dism antling m achines and p erfo rm in g re p a irs that m a in ly in volve the use
o f handtools in scrapin g and fittin g parts; rep la cin g broken o r d efective parts with item s obtained
fr o m stock; o rd erin g the production o f a replacem ent part by a m achine shop o r sending o f the
machine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r re p a irs; p repa rin g w ritten sp ecification s fo r m a jo r rep a irs
o r fo r the production o f parts o rd ered fr o m m achine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and making
a ll n ece s s a ry adjustm ents fo r operation. In gen era l, the w ork of a maintenance mechanic requ ires
rounded tra in in g and ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent
train in g and ex p erien c e. Excluded fr o m this cla ssifica tio n a re w ork ers whose p rim a ry duties
in volve setting up o r adjusting m achines.
M IL L W R IG H T
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and in stalls machines o r heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re requ ired . W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of the w ork; in terp retin g blueprints or other sp ecifica tion s; using a v a rie ty
of handtools and rig gin g; making standard shop computations relatin g to s tre s s e s , strength o f
m a te r ia ls , and cen ters o f g ra vity ; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard to o ls ,
equipment, and parts to be used; and in stallin g and ^maintaining in good o rd er pow er tran sm ission
equipment such as d r iv e s and speed red u cers. In ge n era l, the m illw rig h t's w ork n orm a lly re q u ires
a rounded train in g and ex p erien ce in the trade acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
Pain ts and red eco ra tes w a lls , w oodw ork, and fix tu res o f an establishm ent. W ork in volves
the fo llo w in g : Know ledge of su rface p ec u lia ritie s and types o f paint requ ired fo r d ifferen t a p p lica ­
tion s; p repa rin g su rface fo r painting by rem o vin g old fin ish or by placing putty o r fille r in n ail

2 0
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

h oles and in te r s tic e s ; and applying paint with sp ra y gun o r brush. May m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
lea d , and o th er paint in gre d ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r co n s isten c y. In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the
m ain tenan ce pa in ter re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and ex p e rie n c e usually a cq u ired through a fo rm a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p erien c e.

types o f sh e e t-m e ta l m aintenance w ork fr o m blu eprints, m o d els , o r oth er sp e cifica tion s; setting
up and operatin g a ll a v a ila b le types o f sh eet-m e ta l w orkin g m achines; using a v a r ie ty o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and a ssem blin g; and in stallin g sh eet-m e ta l a rtic le s
as re q u ired . In g e n e ra l, the w ork o f the m aintenance s h eet-m e ta l w o r k e r re q u ires rounded
tra in in g and e x p erien c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo rm a l a ppren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t train in g
and ex p erien c e.

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In sta lls o r re p a irs w a te r, stea m , ga s, o r oth er typ es o f pipe and p ip efittin gs in an
esta blish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w ork and m easu rin g to loca te
p o sition o f pipe fr o m draw in gs o r oth er w ritten sp e c ific a tio n s ; cutting va rio u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with c h isel and h am m er o r o x y a c ety len e torch o r pipe-cu ttin g m ach in es; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by h an d -d riven o r p o w e r-d r iv e n m ach in es; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fasten ing pipe to h an gers; m aking standard shop com putations re la tin g to
p r e s s u re s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe requ ired ; and m aking standard tests to d eterm in e w hether fin ­
ish ed pipes m e et sp e cifica tio n s.
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m aintenance p ip e fitte r re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo rm a l a ppren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and ex p e rie n c e . W ork ers p r im a r ily en gaged in in stallin g and re p a irin g building sanitation
o r heating system s a re ex clu d ed .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O RKER, M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r ic a te s , in s ta lls , and m ain tain s in good re p a ir the s h eet-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu res
(such as m achine gu ards, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, ve n tila to rs , chutes, ducts, m eta l
ro o fin g ) o f an esta blish m en t. W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and layin g out a ll

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
C on stru cts and r e p a irs m a ch in e-sh op to o ls , g a g es, jig s , fix tu res o r dies fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and oth er m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and
laying out o f w ork fr o m m o d els , blu eprin ts, draw in gs, o r o th er o ra l and w ritten sp ecifica tion s;
using a v a r ie ty o f to o l and die m a k e r's handtools and p r e c is io n m easu rin g instrum ents; u nder­
standing o f the w orkin g p r o p e rtie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and opera tin g o f
m achine too ls and re la ted equipment; m aking n e c e s s a ry shop com putations re la tin g to dim ensions
o f w ork , speeds, fe e d s , and too lin g o f m ach in es; h e a t-trea tin g o f m e ta l parts during fa b rica tio n
as w e ll as o f fin ish ed too ls and dies to a ch ieve re q u ire d q u a lities ; w orkin g to clo se to le ra n c es;
fittin g and a ssem b lin g o f parts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and allow a n ces; and sele ctin g a p propriate
m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e ra l, the to o l and die m a k e r's w ork re q u ires a rounded
tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh op and to o lro o m p r a c tic e usually a cq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age study p u rp oses,
shops a re exclu ded fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n .

to o l and die m a k ers in to o l

and die jobbing

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

GU ARD A N D W A T C H M A N
G u ard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e duties, e ith e r at fix e d post o r on tou r, m aintaining o r d e r ,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on id en tity o f em p lo y ees and oth er p erso n s e n te rin g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p ro p e rty again st fi r e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

P r e p a r e s m erch a n d ise fo r shipm ent, o r r e c e iv e s and is re sp o n sib le fo r in com ing ship­
ments o f m erch a n d ise o r oth er m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A kn ow ledge o f shipping p r o ­
ced u res, p r a c tic e s , rou tes, a va ila b le m eans o f tra n sp o rta tio n , and ra tes; and p rep a rin g re co rd s
o f the goods shipped, m aking up b ills o f lading, posting w eigh t and shipping ch a rge s, and keeping
a file o f shipping re c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p rep a rin g the m erch a n d ise fo r shipment.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ire c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g the c o rr e c tn e s s o f shipments
again st b ills o f ladin g, in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; checking fo r sh ortages and re je c tin g dam ­
aged goods; routing m erch a n d ise o r m a te r ia ls to p ro p e r dep artm en ts; and m aintaining n e c e s s a r y
re c o rd s and file s .

C lean s and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to r y w orkin g a rea s and w a sh roo m s, o r
p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , apartm ent house, o r c o m m e rc ia l o r o th er establish m en t. Duties in volv e
a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eepin g, m opping o r scru bbing, and polish in g flo o r s ; re m o vin g
ch ips, tra sh , and o th er re fu s e ; dusting equipm ent, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu res; polish in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu res o r trim m in g s ; p ro vid in g su pplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and clean ing la v a to r ie s ,
sh ow ers, and re s tro o m s . W o rk e rs who s p e c ia liz e in window w ashing a re ex clu d ed .

F o r w age study pu rp oses, w o r k e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
A w o r k e r em p loy ed in a w a reh ou se, m anufacturing plant, sto re, o r oth er establish m en t
w hose duties in vo lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Loading and unloading va rio u s m a te r ia ls and
m e rch a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a rs , tru ck s , o r other tra n sp o rtin g d ev ic e s ; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r pla cin g m a te r ia ls o r m e rch a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra ge location ; and tra n sp o rtin g m a te r ia ls o r
m e rch a n d is e by handtruck, c a r, o r w h e elb a rro w . L o n gsh o rem en , who load and unload ships a re
exclu d ed .

D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity o r in d u stria l a re a to tra n sp o rt m a te r ia ls , m erch a n d ise,
equipm ent, o r m en betw een va rio u s types o f establish m ents such as: M anufacturing plants, fr e ig h t
depots, w areh ou ses, w h o lesa le and re ta il establish m en ts, o r betw een r e ta il establish m ents and
c u sto m ers' houses o r p la ces o f bu sin ess. M ay also load o r unload tru ck with o r without h elp ers,
m ake m in o r m ech a n ica l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in good w orkin g o r d e r .
D riv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re exclu d ed .

fo llo w s :

O RD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o rd e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m sto red m erch a n d ise in a c c o rd ­
ance with sp e c ific a tio n s on sales slip s , cu s to m e rs ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ction s. May, in addition
to fillin g o rd e r s and in dicating item s fille d o r o m itted, keep r e c o r d s o f outgoing o r d e r s , re q u i­
sition additional stock o r re p o r t short supplies to s u p e r v is o r, and p e rfo rm o th er re la te d duties.

F o r w age study pu rp oses, tru c k d riv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equipment, as
(T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be ra ted on the basis o f t r a ile r c a p a city.)
T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

(com bin ation o f s iz e s lis te d sep a ra te ly )
ligh t (under IV 2 tons)
m edium ( I V 2 to and including 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, t r a ile r type)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, oth er than t r a ile r typ e)

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
T R U C K E R , PO W E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed produ cts fo r shipment o r sto ra ge by placin g them in shipping con ­
ta in e r s , the s p e c ific o p era tio n s p e r fo rm e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number
o f units to be packed, the type o f con tain er em ployed, and m ethod o f shipm ent. W ork re q u ires
the p la cin g o f item s in shipping co n ta in ers and m ay in vo lv e one or m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
K n ow led ge o f v a rio u s ite m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s ele ctio n o f a p p rop ria te type
and s iz e o f con ta in er; in s e rtin g e n clo su res in con ta in er; using e x c e ls io r o r oth er m a te r ia l to
p reven t brea k a ge o r dam age; c lo s in g and sea lin g contain er; and applying la b els o r en terin g
id en tifyin g data on co n ta in er.
P a c k e rs who a lso m ake wooden boxes o r cra te s a re ex clu d ed .




☆ U . S .

O perates a m an u ally c o n tro lle d ga solin e- o r e le c tr ic -p o w e re d tru ck o r tra c to r to tra n sp o rt
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plant, o r oth er establish m ent.
F o r w age study p u rp oses,

w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck,

as fo llo w s:

T r u c k e r, p o w er (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r, p o w er (o th er than fo r k lift)

G O V E R N M E N T

P R IN T IN G

O F F IC E :

1 9 7 3 —

7 4 6 - 1 8 9 / 6 3

A re a W a g e Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irectory of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the
request of the Employment Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS
regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402.
A re a
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— ro y, N .Y ., M ar. 1972-------------T
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Mar. 1972 1_____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972 1 —
Atlanta, G a., May 1972 1________________________________
Austin, T ex., Dec. 1972 * (to be surveyed)
B altim ore, M d., Aug. 1972 1____________________________
Beaumont— o rt Arthur—Orange, T ex., May 1972-------P
Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1972___________________________
Birm ingham , Ala., Mar. 1972________________________ ___
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971___________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1972 1_____________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1972 1_______________________________
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1972 1____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1________________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Mar. 1972 1 -----------------------------Charlotte, N.C ., Jan. 19721 ____________________________
Chattanooga, T en n .-C a., Sept. 1972 1-----------------------Chicago, 111., June 1972_________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972__________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1972 1____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1972 1-----------------------------------D allas, T ex., Oct. 1972 1---------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa^Ill., Feb. 1972 1—
M
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1__,-----------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1971 1______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1 __________________________
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1972_______________________________
Durham, N.C., Apr. 1972 1______________________________
F ort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1972 *_______________________________
F ort Worth, T ex., Oct. 1972 1---------------------------------Green Bay, W is., July 1972 1----------------------------------G reen ville, S.C., May 1972_____________________________
Houston, T ex., Apr. 1972________________________________
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1972 1 ____________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1--------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_______________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1971___________________________
Kansas City, M o.-Kans., Sept. 1972-------------------------Lawrence— averh ill, Mass.—
H
N.H., June 1972 1----------Lexington, K y., Nov. 1972 1_____________________________
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1972 1-------Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa Ana—
Garden G rove, C alif., Mar. 1972______________________
L o u isville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1-----------------------------Lubbock, T ex., M ar. 1972 1------------------------------------M anchester, N.H., July 1972 1_____------------------- -------Memphis, Term.— rk ., Nov. 1972----------------------------A
M iam i, Fla., Nov. 1972 1_____ ___—--------------------------Midland and Odessa, T ex., Jan. 1972 1 ---------------------

Bulletin number
and price
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40
30
35
35
45

1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

75 cents
30 cents
45 cents
30 cents
30 cents
75 cents
65 cents
50 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
55 cents
70 cents
35 cents
75 cents
55 cents
75 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30.cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1775-27,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35
50
55
30
35
35
55
30
30
50
35
50
55

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1725-37,

45
35
35
55
40
55
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Area
Milwaukee, W is., May 1972 1---------------------------------------Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1 ---------------------Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1 ______
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1 ------------------New Haven, Conn., J an. 1972 1-------------------------------------New Orleans, L a ., Jan. 1972---------------------------------------New York, N.Y., Apr. 1972 1
_____________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972-------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1972---------------------------------Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1972------------------------------------Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1972 1 ---------------Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1971 1-----------------------------Phoenix, A riz ., June 1972 1_____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., J an. 1972-------------------------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1972------------------------------------------Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 -----------------------------Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y.,

Bulletin number
and price
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45
50
35
50
35
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1775-16,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1775-21,
1725-89,

30
45
40
40
50
55
40
40
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1775-19,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
45 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents
45 cents
35 cents
55 cents
45 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents

Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass.,
M
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1972---------------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Mar. 1972 1 ----------------------------------------Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1971________________________________________________
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1972---Rockford, 111., June 1972 1 -------------------------------------------St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1972___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971-----------------------------------San Antonio, Tex., May 1972---------------------------------------San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1971 1___________________________
San Francisco-Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1 -----------------San Jose, C alif., Mar. 1972------------------------------------------Savannah, G a., May 1972 1-------------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1972----------------------------------------------Seattle—
Eve rett, W ash., J an. 1972-------------------------------Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971------------------- ----------------South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 ------------------------- ----- — ----Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1----------------------------------------Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1972-------------------------------------------Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1972---------------— ----Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr. 1972 1 ---------------------------------Trenton, N .J., Sept. 1972 1-------------------------------------------Utica—Rome, N .Y ., July 1972---------------------------------------Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., Mar. 1972 1 ----------------------V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972 1 ------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1972 ------------------------------- ---- -------Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1972 1---------------------------------- -------Worcester, M ass., May 1972 1----------------- ---------- ---------York, Pa., Feb. 1972 1 ___________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1972---------------— ---- —

FIRST CLASS MAIL

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T IC S
W A S H IN G T O N , D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L B U S I N E S S
P E N A L T Y F O R P R IV A T E U S E $300

P O S T A G E A N D F E E S P A ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
R e g io n I
1603 J F K Federal B u ild in g
G overnm ent Ce nter
Bo ston , M a ss. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area C o d e 617)
C o n n e ctic u t
M a in e
M a ssa c h u s e tts
New H am pshire
R ho d e Isla n d
Verm ont

R e g io n V
8th Floor, 300 South W a ck e r Drive
C h ic a g o , III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area C o d e 312)
Illin o is
In dia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e sota
O h io
W isc o n sin




R e g io n II
1515 B ro ad w a y
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (A rea C o d e 212)
New Jersey
New Yo rk
Puerto R ico
V irgin Isla n d s

R e g io n I II
406 Penn Sq u a re B u ild in g
1317 Filbert St.
Philade lphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (A rea C o d e 215)
Delaw are
D istrict of C o lu m b ia
M aryland
P e n n sylvan ia
V irgin ia
W e st V irgin ia

R e g io n IV
Su ite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, G a. 30309
P hone: 526-5418 (A rea C o d e 404)

R e g io n V I
1100 C o m m erce St. Rm. 6B7
D alla s, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area C o d e 214)
A rk a n sa s
L o u isia n a
New M e x ico
O k la h o m a
T e xa s

R e g io n s V II and V I I I

R e g io n s IX and X
450 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
B o x 36017
S a n Fra n cisco , Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area C o d e 415)
IX
X
A riz on a
A la sk a
C a lifo rn ia
Ida h o
H aw aii
O re go n
N e vad a
W a sh in gto n

Federal Office B u ild in g
911 W alnut St.,
K a n s a s City, M o. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area C o d e 816)
V II
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Utah
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A la b a m a
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102