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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Baltimore, Maryland, Metropolitan Area,
August 1972
Bulletin 1775-20




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s bulle tin p r o v i d e s r es u lts o f an Augus t 1972 s u r v e y o f occupational
e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w ag e b e ne fit s in the B a l t i m o r e , M a r y l a n d , Standard
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( c i t y o f B a l t i m o r e and the coun tie s o f Anne A r u n d e l ,
B a l t i m o r e , C a r r o l l , H a r f o r d , and H o w a rd ).
T h e s u r v e y was m ad e as p a r t o f the
B ureau o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s * annual a r e a w ag e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
T h e p r o g r a m is
d e s ig n e d to y i e l d data f o r ind ivid ual m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s , as w e l l as national and
r e g i o n a l e s ti m a te s f o r a l l Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n A r e a s in the United S tate s,
excludin g A l a s k a and H a w a i i , (as d e fin e d by the U . S . O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and
Budget th ro ugh N o v e m b e r 1971).
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a ti o n in the a r e a w ag e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need to
d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f wag e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , through
the an alys is o f ( l ) the l e v e l and d i s tr ib u t io n o f w ag e s b y oc c u p atio n, and (2) the
m o v e m e n t o f wag e s by occup ational c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l .
The pro gram
d e v e lo p s in f o r m a tio n that m a y be used f o r m any p u r p o s e s , including w ag e and
s a l a r y a d m in is tr a tio n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s i s ta n c e in d e te r m i n i n g plant
l o c a t io n . S u r v e y re s u lt s a l s o a r e used by the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m ak e
w ag e d e te rm in a t io n s under the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 96 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee l i s t o f ar e a s
on ins id e b ack c o v e r . )
In each a r e a , occup atio nal e arn in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d
annually.
In f o r m a ti o n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry w ag e b e n e ­
f i t s , c o l l e c t e d e v e r y second y e a r in the p a s t, is now obta ined e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a f t e r a l l ind ivid ual a r e a w ag e s u r v e y s have b een c o m p l e t e d ,
tw o s u m m a r y bull etins a r e is s u e d.
T h e f i r s t b rin g s t o g e t h e r data f o r each
m etropolitan a rea surveyed.
T h e second s u m m a r y b u lle tin p re s e n ts national
and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.
T h e B a l t i m o r e s u r v e y was conducted by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , under the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f I r v i n L . F e i g e n b a u m , A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y could not ha ve been a c c o m p lis h e d
without the c o o p e r a ti o n o f the m any f i r m s whose wage and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d
the b as is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l in f o r m a t i o n in this bull etin.
T h e B ure au w is h e s to
e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a ti o n f o r the c o o p e r a ti o n r e c e i v e d .

Note:
C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on occup ational e arnin gs and s u p p le m e n ta ry w ag e p r o ­
v is io n s in the B a l t i m o r e a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the c o n tr a c t c leanin g (Ju ly 1971)
and l i f e in s u ran ce ( D e c e m b e r 1971) in d u s t r i e s , and f o r s e l e c t e d laun dry and d r y
c le a n in g , and m o v i n g and s t o r a g e occup ations (August 1971).
A l s o a v a ila b le
a r e lis ti n g s o f union w ag e rate s f o r building t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l tr a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e
e m p l o y e e s . F r e e cop ie s o f th ese a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u re a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See bac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

A R EA W A G E S U R V E Y

Bulletin 1775-20
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

F ebruary 1 9 7 3

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B altim ore, M arylan d , M etro p o litan A rea, August 1972
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— — — — ■ — — — — —— — — — — — —
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CONTENTS
Pag*
2 I n tr o d u c tio n
6 W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p s

T ab les:
5
7

1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu died
I n d e x e s o f e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

A.

Occupation al earn in gs:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a ti o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A -la .
O ffic e occupations— a r g e estab lish m en ts: W e e k ly earnings
l
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
l
A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :
l
A v e r a g e w eek ly e arn in gs, by sex
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a ti o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 4 a . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
l
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a ti o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
A - 5 a . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a ti o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s
l
A -6.
M a i n t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s t o d i a l , and m a t e r i a l ha nd li ng o c c u p a tio n s :
A v e r a g e hourly earn in gs, by sex
A - 6 a . M a i n t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s t o d i a l , and m a t e r i a l handling o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s :
l
A v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s , by sex

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
B -2.
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s
S c h ed u le d w e e k l y hours and d ays
B -3.
B -4.
A n nu a l p aid h o l i d a y s
B - 4 a . i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f m a j o r p aid h o lid a y s
P a id vacations
B -5.
B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n plans

8

11
13
15
16
18
19

20
21
23
25
26

27
28
29
30
31
32
35
37

A ppendix.




O c c u p a ti o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402

1

I n t r o d u c t io n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ic h th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , data w e r e
o b ta in e d by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a ­
t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r i n g :
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d
b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied . S e p a ­
r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1 ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e
i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d ata. E a r n i n g s
data not sho wn s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c l u d e d in a l l
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s
t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not sho w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n bon u s es a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a ti o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o the s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t
h a l f ho u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
ra te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s a r e rou n de d
t o the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
p ling p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d eta iled s tr a tific a tio n o f all estab lish m en ts
w ith in the s c o p e o f an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y i n d u s t r y and n u m b e r
of em p lo yees.
F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is
s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chan c e o f
selection .
T o o b ta in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d .
Wh en data
a r e c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that u n b ia s e d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f f o u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . A n a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a t i o n i f data a r e no t a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p l e m e m b e r .
If
no s u ita b le sub s tit u te i s a v a i l a b l e , a d d i t i o n a l w e i g h t i s a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to th e m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m en t p atterns.
F o r ex a m p le , p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by
h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h an ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and be r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s h ifts in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th ou gh m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , shown in t a b le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in the
groups.

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g typ es:
(1 ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s et o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o tak e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b . T h e o c c u p a ti o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e nd ix .
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d , the
e a r n i n g s d ata f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i th i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N . Y . (N e w York portion only); Durham, N. C. ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollyw ood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y . ; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N . Y . (o ffic e occupations only); Syracuse, N .Y . ; and U tica— R om e, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ited area studies in approxim ately 70 areas at the request
o f the Em ployment Standards Adm inistration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.




A v e r a g e ea rn in gs r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s tim a te s . In­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and j o b s t a f f i n g , and
thus c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m o n g j o b s in
individual e s ta b lis h m en ts .
A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tio n s should not be a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s
w ith in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r i b u t e to
d i f f e r e n c e s i n c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e
areas o n l y the r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c d u tie s w i th i n th e g e n e r a l s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a l l y a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c du tie s p e r f o r m e d .

2

3
O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta n c e o f the j o b s stu d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s data.

E stab lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e

P ro v isio n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (i n the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s . Data f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not p r e s e n t e d
s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in the e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . " A d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n
w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
ers
( in c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff i c e f u n c ­
tions.
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s .
C a feteria
w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but
i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s fo r w om en o f f ic e w o r k e r s
o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
(S e e ta b l e B - l . )
Because
o p t i m u m s a m p l i n g te c h n iq u e s u s e d and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e
l i s h m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to h a v e
e n t r a n c e r a t e s a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the t a b le is m o r e
s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

relate
o f the
estab­
form a l
repre­

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l data a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s . (S e e t a b le B - 2 . ) T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d
in t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y
fo r total p la n tw o rk er e m p lo y ­
m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the
s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a vin g
v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am ount a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y i s u s e d ; i f no
am ount a p p l i e s to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " is u s e d . In e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f ­
f e r e n c e is r e c o r d e d o n l y i f i t a p p l i e s to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d a y s o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t . (S e e
ta b l e B - 3 . ) S c h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d ay s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a ­
j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y a r e
p a id s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
2
An establishment is considered as having a policy if it met
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1)
during the 12 months before the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form




P a i d h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
s io n plans a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s that th e s e a r e a p p l i ­
c a b l e to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k ­
e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
(S e e t a b le s B - 4 t h ro u g h B - 6 . ) Sums o f in d i v i d u a l i t e m s in ta b le s B - 2
t h ro u g h B - 6 m a y not e q u a l t o ta l s b e c a u s e o f roun ding.
D ata on p aid h o l i d a y s a r e l i m i t e d to h o l i d a y s g r a n te d annu­
a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r
(2) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s to m . (S e e t a b le B - 4 . ) H o l i d a y s o r d i n a r i l y
g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y and
the w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o th er d a y o f f . T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the paid
h o l i d a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f h o lid a y s a c tu a l l y
granted.
T h e se co n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s to show
to t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T a b l e B - 4 a r e p o r t s the i n c i d e n c e o f the m o s t
c o m m o n p aid h o l i d a y s .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n plans is a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f
v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than a m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f i t s . (S e e ta b l e B - 5 . ) P r o v i s i o n s ap p ly
to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s
o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P a y m e n t s on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s a r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e p e r i o d ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s
a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t to 1 w e e k s ' p ay. O n ly b a s i c plans a r e i n ­
clu d e d . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n b o n u s es , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p lans ,
and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c plans.
Such
p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l , a l u m in u m , and can i n d u s t r i e s .
H e a l th , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n plans f o r w h ich the e m p l o y e r
p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i n c lu d e t h o s e (1) u n d e r w r i t t e n by a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) p r o v i d e d
t h ro u g h a union fund, o r (3) p a id d i r e c t l y by th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r ­
r e n t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund set a s i d e f o r th is p u r p o s e . (S e e
ta b le B - 6 . ) A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to ha ve such a plan i f the
m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d u n de r the plan e v e n i f l e s s than a
m a j o r i t y e l e c t to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d to c o n ­
t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e plan.
E xcluded a r e le g a lly r e q u ir e d
p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d
retirem en t.
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll such plans to w h ich the e m p l o y e r c o n ­
t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich have e n a c te d
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s r e q u i r i n g e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3
p lans a r e i n c lu d e d o n l y i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n tr i b u t e s m o r e than is
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with b e n e f i t s wh ich e x ­
c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w . T a b u l a ti o n s o f p aid s i c k l e a v e plans

either of the following condi­
provisions covering late
3
had operated late shifts
contributions.
for operating late shifts.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

4
a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f
the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a ­
r a t e t a b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p lans w h ich p r o v i d e f u ll
p a y and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p lan s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l
p a y o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k
l e a v e , an u n d u p li c a t e d t o t a l is sho wn o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r
o r both t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e ­
m e n t b e n e f i t s . F u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t s a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d by
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s
p a y a b l e to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p lans p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k ­
n e s s and i n j u r y e x p e n s e s b e yo n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s . T y p i c a l f e a t u r e s o f m a j o r m e d i c a l plans
a r e (1) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0) p a id b y the i n s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e f i t s
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to
b e g in ; (2) a c o i n s u r a n c e f e a t u r e r e q u i r i n g th e i n s u r e d to p a y a p o r t i o n
t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s i c k l e a v e
( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s ; and (3) s ta te d d o l l a r m a x i m u m
a n d / o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d
b e n e f i t s ( e . g . , $ 1 0 ,0 00 a y e a r ) . M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e p r o v i d e s c o m p l e t e
p e rio d of d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m onths).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e un til
o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D e n ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . E x c l u d e d a r e plans w h ic h c o v e r o n ly
o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c i d e n t d a m a g e . R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p lan s p r o v i d e
number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but
p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, are excluded.




5

2
3
T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in B a ltim o re , M d .,1 by m a jo r in dustry d iv is io n ,1 A u g u s t 1 9 7 2
Number of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study*

Studied

T o ta l4
8
7
6
5

Studied

Plant
Number

Office

Percent

Total4

A ll establishments
_

928

224

338,420

100

211,483

60, 055

207,563

100

324
604

76
148

163,804
174 j 6 16

48
52

114,004
97,479

18, 494
41^561

101, 858
105’, 705

100
50
100
50
50

A ll divisions_______________________________

52
138
119
110
185

18
31
30
32
37

33,534
19*832
6 l ’ 753
30, 386
29 i111

10
6
18
9
9

17,109
9,618
51, 037
72, 681
17,034

8,473
5 j 224
5, 068
18, 099
4’ 697

27, 380
6 , 934
41j 041
18,553
n ’ 797

Transportation, communication, and

Large establishments
114

86

200,458

100

126,715

36, 847

179.995

500

61
53

41
45

109,146
91, 312

54
46

76,519
50,196

12, 587
24,260

93,766
86,229

500
500
500
500
500

A ll divisions______

5
5
25
13
5

5
4
19
12
5

24,059
3,672
42,024
14,489
7’, 068

12
2
21
7

11, 001
992
34,351

7,503
1,844
3, 862
10,110
941

24,059
2, 722
38,441
13,939
7, 068

______________________

Transportation, communication, and

4

3, 852

1 The Baltim ore Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a , as defined by the O ffice of Management and Budget through November 1971, consists of the city of Baltim ore, and the counties of
Anne Arundel, Baltim ore, C arroll, Harford, and Howard. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition
of the labor force included in the survey.
The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for
the
area to measure employment trends
or levels since (1) plp.nning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from
the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities"
in the A - and B -se rie s tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. L ocal transit operations in Baltimore are
governmentally owned and operated and excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 Abbreviated to "finance" in the A - and B -se rie s tables.
7 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only. W orkers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll industry"
estimates in the Series B tables.
8 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.
Labor-management agreement coverage
Industrial composition in manufacturing
One-half of the workers within scope of the survey in the Baltim ore area w ere
employed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the major industry groups and
specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
P rim a ry m etal industries______19
E lectrical equipment and
supplies_______________________ 16
Transportation equipment______ 11
Food and kindred products_____ 10
Apparel and other textile
products______________________ 7
Chemicals and allied products.- 6
Machinery, except e le c tric a l— 6
Fabricated metal products_____ 5
Printing and publishing—_______ 5

Specific industries
Blast furnace and basic
steel products__________________16
Communication equipment_______14
Ship and boatbuilding and
rep airin g______________________ 5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.




The following tabulation shows the percent of plantworkers and officeworkers
employed in establishments in which a contract or contracts covered a m ajority of the workers
in the respective categories, Baltim ore, Md,, August 1972:
Plantworkers
A ll industries________
Manufacturing_________ ._________
Public utilities__________________
Wholesale tra d e________________
Retail trade_____________________
Finance_________________________
S e rv ice s______________________

Officeworkers

66
83
74
53
46

17
17
60
1
34

15

An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all plantworkers or
officeworkers i f a m ajority of such w orkers are covered by a labor-management agreement.
Th erefore, all other plantworkers or officeworkers are employed in establishments that either
do not have labor-management contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than
half of their plantworkers or officeworkers. Estimates are not necessarily representative
of the extent to which all w orkers in the area may be covered by the provisions of
labor-management agreements, because small establishments are excluded and the industrial
scope of the survey is lim ited.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f change in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e i n d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t ra c tin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t ch an ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in d e x. T h e p e r c e n t s o f c han ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a te s . A n n u a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
sho wn, r e f l e c t th e am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n th s .
T h ese com pu­
ta t io n s a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c on stant
rate betw een su rveys.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c han ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e no t i n ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

T h e i n d e x is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b a s e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e i n d e x is c o m p u te d b y m u l t i ­
p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (th e p e r c e n t
ch an ge plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the ne x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s ind ex.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
ex c lu s iv e of earnings f o r o v e r tim e .
F o r p la n tw o r k e r groups, they
m e a s u r e c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h ifts .
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p atio n s and i n c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w i th i n
e a c h group .

M e t h o d o f C o m p u ti n g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a ti o n s w i th i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p is a s s i g n e d a c o n st a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
O ffic e clerica l (m en and
w om en):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerics, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerics, order
Clerics, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffic e cle ric a l (m en and
w om en )— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabu lating-m achine operatois,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
wom en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f D ata
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l
w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C h a n g e s in
the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a ti o n a l
a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n
though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a ges m a y have d eclin ed because lo w e r -p a y in g establish m en ts en tered
the a r e a o r e xp an d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y h a v e
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n st a n t, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y h a ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (au tom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE: Com ptom eter operators, used in the computation o f previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e u s e o f c o n st a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f ch an ge s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f c h an ge r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n ge s in
a v e r a g e pay f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
fo r overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and ^p ercents o f c h an ge an y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y
c h a n ge s in the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a ti o n s
in the g r o u p a r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b t r a c t i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d i v i d i n g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f change.




6




7

T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in B a ltim o re , M d ., A u g u s t 1 9 71 an d A u g u s t 1 9 7 2 ,
and p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll industries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
clerica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Weekly earnings

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Off ic e
clerica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurse8
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

134.9
141.5

126.7
135.7

132.1
134.6

Indexes (October 1967=100)
August 1971------------------------------------- ------August 1972_____________________________________

128.5
133.9

134.6
140.9

126.5
136.2

127.0
131.4

132.7
135.0

Percents of increase
September 1959 to December I960:
15-month increase___________ ______________
Annual rate of in c re a s e_____________________

3.5
2.8

3.2
2.6

3.4
2.7

4.2
3.3

4.1
3.3

5.3
4.2

3.2
2.6

5.9
4.7

December I960 to November 1961:
11-month increase____ —____________________
Annual rate of in crease_____________________

3.1
3.4

6.7
7.3

3.8
4.2

4.2
4.6

1.6
1.7

6.0
6.6

3.8
4.2

3.6
3.9

3.1
3.5
1.5
1.4
3.8

3.3
1.8
.9
1.3
4.4

1.1
2.2
4.1
2.9
7.1

2.2
4.1
2.3
2.9
1.5

3.6
3.9

8.4
9.2

3.5
3.8

5.3
5.8

6.4

6.4
7.0

November 1961 to November 1962--- ...---------November 1962 to November 1963_____________
November 1963 to November 1964_____________
November 1964 to November 1965_____________
November 1965 to November 1966_____________
November 1966 to October 1967:
11-month increase__________________________
Annual rate of in crease_____________________

2.8
3.5
3.9
3.4
3.8

3.9
1.4
1.4
1.4
4.0

1.8
2.5
3.7
3.1
6.6

.9
4 .3

4.5
4.9

9.1
10.0

3.7
4.0

5 .4

October 1967 to September 1968:
11-month increase--------- ---------- -------_____
Annual rate of in c re a s e...__________________ _

5.8
6.3

6.7
7.3

6.4
7.0

7 .8
8 .5

5.4
5.9

7.0
7.7

7 .0

September 1968 to August 1969:
11-month increase-..____ ____________________
Annual rate of in crease___________
_______

5.1
5.6

8.1
8.9

3.1
3.4

4 .9
5 .4

5.4
5.9

7.2
7.9

2 .7

August 1969 to August 1970____________________
August 1970 to August 1971____________________
August 1971 to August 1972____________________

6.4
8.6
4.2

7.2
8.9
4.7

4.9
9.9
7.7

3 .3

8.0
10.6
1.7

6.8
10.1
4.9

2 .6
2 .4
.9

5 .9

8 .7
3 .5

2 .5

5 .4
1 0 .2
7 .1

5.7
6.2
4.5
12.3
1.9

8

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings

T a b le A-1. O f f i c e occupations: W e e k ly earnings
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u gu st 1972)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
work e is

A verag e
w eek ly
hours1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

60
M ean ^

M edian 2

M iddle ranged

f

)

65

i
70

75

$

BO

*

85

90

t

100

T

110

t

120

$

130

*

140

t

150

»

160

t

170

*

180

t

190

$

20C

i

210

f

220

and
under

65

230
and

70

75

-

-

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

1
-

-

1

5
2
3

6

33
11
22

38
12
26

29
17
12

9
9

6

2

11

15

26

1

-

17

2
2

3
3

9
9

14
14

5
4

20
18

3
1

2

15
15

2
2

_

39
37

18
13

14
13

4
-

19
4

4
4

50
4
46
3
29
14

116
29
87
12
30
19

175
49
126
17
33
21

147
50
97
11
21
3

286
74
212
4
14
5

84
36
48

150

160

170

180

“

“

“

13
3

48
25
23
1
2
*

72
42
30
1
1
1

20
13
7
2

190

200

210

220

*

*

“

*

~

19
9
10
-

35
10
25
1
9

35
13
22

41
34
7
*

45
40
5
-

24
16
8
-

23
18
5
3

24
17
7
-

14
12
2
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

230 o ver

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

124
51
73

3 9. 5
39. 5
4 0 .0

$
113. 50
117. 00
111. 00

$
1 16 .0 0
1 21 .0 0
1 15 .5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BCCKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

75

3 7 .0

105. 50

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E CPERATCRS,
CLASS A ------------------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

59
51

3 8. 0
37 .5

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

115
ea

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

$

$

105.50-125.00
110.00-128.50
103.00-119.00

-

106 .0 0

91.50-110.00

-

113. 50
110.50

113. 50
1 09 .0 0

101.00-128.00
99.50-127.00

3 8. 5
3 8. 5

104. 50
98 . 5 0

102. 00
95.50

92.50-1 1 7 .5 0
91.00-1 1 0 .0 0

1,2 08
431
777
57
146
96

3 9 .0
3 9. 5
3 8. 5
3 9. 0
3 8 .0
37 .0

149.50
163. 50
1 4 2 . OC
121.00
125.50
124. 00

145 .5 0
1 52 .5 0
140 .5 0
122 .0 0
123. 00
1 18 .5 0

126.50-164.00
135.00-195.00
123.00-149.50
114.50-133.50
114.00-136.00
106.00-129.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1, 5 7 5
406
1,16 9
339
139
296
170

3 8 .5
3 9. 0
3 8 .5
40.0
39. 0
3 8. 5
36. 5

114. 50
127. 50
110.00
112. 00
104. 50
102. 00
102. 50

1 1 0. 0 0
1 22 .0 0
1 07 .0 0
1 11 .0 0
1 09 .5 0
1 01 .0 0
1 0 1. 0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

113
74

3 9. 5
3 9. 5

133. 50
13 8.0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

553
162
391
196

39.0
3 9. 5
3 8. 5
3 8. 5

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N C NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

517
483
57
295

3 7. 5
3 7. 5
3 8 .0
3 7. 0

8 8 . OC
87. 00
84 .0 0
80. 50

83 .0 0
82. 00
81. 50
8 0. 0 0

7 6 . 5 0 - 9 4. 0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 92.50
7 8 . 0 0 - 84. 50
7 5 . 0 0 - 8 5. 0 0

-

CLERKS, CRCER ------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

559
100
459

114.00
109.00
115.00
123.50
97 .5 0

107 .0 0
1C1.00
107. 50
118 .0 0
9 7. 5 0

94.50-130.00
90.00 -1 2 5 .5 0
95.00-131.50
1 0 0 . 0 0 - 1 3 9 . CO
88.00-109.50

2

153

3 9. 0
38. 5
3 9 .0
3 9. 5
3 9. 0

CLERKS, PAYRCLL ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

369
240
129
52

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

150.0 0
16 2.0 0
1 2 7 . CO
116. 50

140. 50
1 5 2. 0 0
1 2 8. 5 0
127 .0 0

121.50-186.00
127.50-220.50
1 0 9 . 0 0 - 1 4 1 . OC
106.00-130.00

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




306

-

2
2

-

_

“

_

_

_

“

_

3

*

*
-

-

1
-

1

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
29
6
2
21

42
15
27

90
11
79
15
12
34
18

225
17
208
35
17
90
38

379
74
305
100
21
70
63

278
58
220
93
41
57
15

160
44
116
38
26
20
1

116
47
69
36
1
9
i

83
10
73
1

63
50
13
9

12
15
-

54
17
37
7
8
i
21

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

99.00-126.50
104.50-152.00
97.00-120.00
102.00-121.00
90.50 -1 1 9 .0 0
93.00-1 1 3 .0 0
91.00-108.00

-

1
1
1
-

-

9

2

2

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

119. 00
1 2 6. 0 0

115.00-144.50
112.00-156.00

-

-

-

-

-

“

2
2

2
2

6
6

2
2

53
21

8
6

4
2

9
8

8
7

4
4

1
1

3
3

2
2

4
3

2
2

2
2

1
1

1 0 2 . OC
9 4. 0 0
106.50 1 00 .5 0
I C O . 00
92.00
88.00
8 6. 0 0

85.50-117.50
92.00-124.00
82.50-107.50
8 0 . 5 0 - 9 3. 0 0

4
4
-

1
1
*

17
17
12

45
2
43
34

65
65
43

66
18
48
38

154
61
93
50

43
9
34
10

36
21
15
6

46
24
22
3

28
24
4

22
2
20

2
2

11
1
10

5
5

1
1

5
5

2
2

_
-

-

_
-

35
35
35

64

64
3

98
98
19
77

1C9
109
25
74

47
45
1
19

89
66
4
43

20
17
2
8

31
26
2

4
4
1

6
6

-

1
-

3
3

3
3

1
1

6
6

_
-

_
-

-

-

19
19
19

28
i
27
16
11

38
25
13
9
4

118
23
95
53
42

103
11
92
56
36

64
10
54
27
27

45
17
28
28
-

56
4
52
44
8

21
2
19
19

13
2
11
11

7
2
5
5

15
15
15

2
2
2

3
3
5
5

16
16
16

_

-

-

-

3
1
2
2

2

2
2
1

35
22
13
5

22
9
13
3

23
11
12
3

53
26
27
23

41
21
20
12

40
21
19

29
27
2

12
9
3

10
6
4

5
5
-

16
8
8

7
7
-

4
4
-

53
53

10
10

-

-

39
4

?
2
_
-

4
-

/
>

-

2

-

-

2
2

2
1

-

-

9
T a b le A-1. O ffic e occupations: W e e k ly earn in g s— C o ntinued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations b y in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d ., Au gu st 1972)
W eekly earnings
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

MEN

AND

Number
of
workers

*

(standard

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
»

A verage
w eek ly

60
M ean

^

M edian 2

M iddle ranged

and
under
65

65

$

i

*

t

70

75

$
90
-

70

75

-

-

80

$
100

$

$

$

120

-

-

110

130

-

-

$

$

-

$

$

150

140

160

170

-

-

-

$

$

$

$

$

180

190

20C

210

220

-

-

ancj

210

220

230 over

-

-

190

-

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

200

22

71
13

86

157
103
54
31

118
93
25

87
63
24

66

33
33

6
1

11
1
10

-

8

2

7

“

58

71
31
40

-

63
5
58
58

5

-

10
10

5
5

~

351
137
214
16

328
176
152

181
80

22

17
17

28
18

59
30
29
15
5
-

230

WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

627
343
284
114

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5

129.50
133.50
125.O
C
118.00

$
129.00
132.00
121.50
115.00

$
$
118.00-141.00
125.00-141.50
108.50-140.50
106.00-124.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

1,245
316
929
198
227

112.00 108.00
113.00 111.00

304
79

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
37.5

95.50-122.50
95.00-122.50
96.00-122.50
106.50-181.00
99.50-116.00
103.00-139.50
91.50-117.00
92.00-107.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

429
114
315
87
166

39.0 99.50 95.50 86.50-114.50
40.0 108.00 114.50 100.50-117.50
38.5 96.50 91.50 84.00-104.50
39.0 113.50 108.00 91.50-127.50
39.0 88.50 89.00 80.50- 94.50

-

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIE S -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

3,762
2,562
292
317
218
1*036
699

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
38.0
37.5

141.50
149.50
138.00
178.50
134.00
131*50
127.50
140.00

138.50
148.50
133.50
185.00
127.50
137.00
125.50
137.00

120.CO-159.50
129.00-166.50
117.50-153.00
156.00-202.50
111.50-153.50
124.00-150.50
115.00-140.00
121.50-156.00

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

276
80
196
78

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.0

149.00
162.00
143.50
146.50

146.50
150.50
142.00
144.00

135.00-162.00
147.00-162.50
123.00-162.00
140.50-152.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

709
140
569
67
67
297
96

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.0
38.5
37.0

150.50
171.00
145.50
176.00
149.00
135.50
156.50

146.50
176.00
142.00
186.50
147.00
134.00
157.00

130.00-172.50
149.00-201.00
128.00-163.00
170.00-189.50
129.00-172.50
120.50-148.00
139.00-168.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

1,478
494
984
105
116
60
433
270

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.0
4C.0
39.0
38.0
37.5

142.50
159.50
134.00
152.50
135.00
135.50
124.50
141.50

141.00
161.00
129.50
156.00
137.00
139.00
123.50
141.00

121.00-162.00
147.50-174.00
117.50-14e.00
131.00-177.00
112.00-154.00
121.CC-16C.0C
115.00-135.00
121.50-158.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

1,165
486
679

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
38.0
38.0

128.50
131.O
C
126.50
121.50
115.O
C
131.00

127.50
133.5C
123.50
116.00
115.00
130.00

113.50-143.O
C
117.50-144.00
110.50-142.00
107.00-128.O
C
104.00-123.50
118.00-146.00

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




121

1,200

112

186
297

112.O
C
133.00
106.50
118.50
103.00

107.00
119.50
107.00
116.00
99.00
100.00
96.50

-

-

-

2

20

12

_

-

-

2

-

-

15
3

294

-

2

12

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

193
14
33

31
55
26

-

-

-

3

101

-

8

85
27
35

i

20

11

157
37
45
23
50
2

142
27
115
12

36
14
43
10

12

46
25
3
10
6
2

4
4
4

13
13

32
3
29
~

81

-

21

22

“

_
-

123
27

-

-

_

“

“

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

-

-

52

_
”

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

5
15
3

-

-

57
18
39

11

25

168
94
74
7
7

176

ICO

121

51
49
18

218
31
187

149
14
135
9

119
44

107

14
75
25

203
75
128
28
55
44

197
78
119

192
106

21

9

28
60

53

232
33
199

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

48
8

-

-

'

3

63
7
56
7
9
29

5

-

-

'

12

105

1

2

“

-

28
5

33
19
14

7
58
24

-

-

11

74
32
42
38

116
7
109

-

-

29

-

-

-

11

11

-

-

20

“
-

-

-

20

201
110

29
31
145
93

19
19
135
37

-

-

63
18
45
12

-

'

10

518

509
113
396
17
41
27

-

3
3

504
128
376
13
32
51
167
113

524
117
407
15
58
5
234
95

17
15

144
32
112

19
59
29

86
11

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

*

“

~

“

-

29
9

~

13

2

5
“

200

318
20

10

95
2
11

54
16
175
53
122

16
18
5
44
39
164
105
59
9
37

39
59
80

22

1
21

74

33

174
69
105
62
5
“
5
33

7

2

2
2

28
7

-

12
1
11
2

4

9

10

1

1
8

1

3

7
3

63

53
13
40
30

20
10
10
2

30
16
14

9
7

13

2

2
2
6

3

3
3
-

21

101

21

42

1

8
10

12

18
5

55
11

7
15

6

94
55
39
18
2

2

3

2

1

18

1

87
17
70
4

65
30
35

16

1
1

-

-

6

1

2

-

6

22

25

3
-

4

16

6

6
20

10

5
7

42

27

18
14
4
-

12

-

2
1

17

18
3
-

6

2

26

21

62
41
15
4

21

-

-

39

4

-

8
8
2

37
20

10
1
1
2

1

3

6
12

84
22

1
1

-

2

-

10

8
8

1

-

2
2

-

2

-

-

7
“

-

7
7
7
-

7
3
4
-

1

-

1
1
1

-

17
2
1

-

7
3
4
2
2

*

1
1

-

-

T a b le A-1. O f fic e occu p atio n s: W e e k ly e a rn in g s -----C o ntin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Baltimore, Md., August 1972)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

$

$

A verage
w eekly

60
M ean *

(standard)

Median ^

$

$
65

70

t

75

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
t
$
t
$
t
S
t
90 100
no
80
85
120 130 140
150
160 170
180

t

I

190

$

200

*

210

$

220

and
under

M iddle ranged

65

230
and

70

75

80

es

90

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

Q

20

23
23

59
50

17
12

180

190

200

210

220

230 over

M
EN AND W EN COMBINED—
OM
CONTINUED
$

$

$

$

2
-5

?77

125.50
rr
nn

l 'T * n n
i o -a nn

30* "

105*00

99*50

393
179

38.0
130*00 1 0 6 .0 0 142.00
37*0 126.00 122.50 1 0 7 .0 0 122.50
37.5 113.50 108.50 9 6 .00-121 .50
-

A00

FINANCE ------------------------------------

1 cn
io n

710

C l IL 1I I tJ

I * ,

''t?

r vC L 1 v

C33
23d

i o/ nn i 71 nn 106 .00-142.00
1 1 "*"0 118 00

j N1 1Ln Lu f Ku Lr tHA1LKo f L L A jj U
2AC

31
107
55

FINANCE

30*"

26

La

T9

i fT
1fr

1/ n
I t

77

37

TT

L?

11

f?

21
-

3-?

T3

21

54

2

10
1

80
28
52

120
77
43
32

85
21
64
39

148
30
118
23

90
71
19
3

50
23
27
9

23

12

13

23

12

-

67
65

32
T6

56
34

13

23
23
16

-

13

38.5
38.0 l o t r t o ^99* 50
172.50
38.5 153.50 lAO.OO 1 3 7 .5 0 8 7 .00-110 .50
96.00
91.50
38.5
38.0 110.50 110.00 1 0 1 .5 0 118.50

A 17

3

9
-

-

-

15

17
1

9

34
34
28

1
19
16

10

17

15
17

“j

79
15

88
29

64
32

73
42

8

50
56

' n*n
39*5
38.5
37.5

1 3 5 .0 0 -

185.50

7

3
2

39.0 160.00 1 j 3. -.0 1 4 1 .0 0 -

187.50

2

1

58

39.0 10A.50 100.00

1 '0 * 50 I V *00 125.00-153.00
110.00 105.50 97.5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
104.50
10C.0C
98.50 9 5 .0 0 120.00 _
10 7 .jO 103.00 9 8 .0 0 -

22

8

1
24

15

31
10

8

17

13

16

1

15

11

16
11

1

i

-

13

2

13

11

14

11

10
10

4

10

8

10

15

2

17
5

1

33

27
in

77

7
21

10

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

39.0 111.00 107.50 9 7 .50-123 .50
111.50 112.00 100.00-124.50

-

1
13

23

112.50-128.50

-

28

10

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

10
i

TABlILAT ING-MACFINE OPERATORS.

15

22

8

r5

1

NCNNANUFACTURING

1

3

TRANSCRIBING-NACHINE CPERATGRS,

■

124

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

——— — —
— — —
—

WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




669
223

39 0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

136
217

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

T t P I S T S t CLASS B
MANUFACTURING — — — —
— — —

38.0 102.50 10A.50

1,145
199
9A6
105
1A3
513
128

117 *C
125.00
11A.CC
1A0.50
97.50

95.50
38.5
39.0 101.50
'0 * 0
39.5
38.5
38.0
37.0

8 9 .0 0 126.00
9 6 .0 0 117.50
93.5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

113.50 98.0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
124.50 128.00 1 1 1 .0 0 128.50
105.00 9 4 .5 0 167.00
1A0.50 1 1 5 .0 0 8 7 .5 0 104.00
9A.50
93.50
97.50

11'*00 107*50
97.00 100.00
9 9 .CC 100.50
90.00
91.00
94.00
93.00

8 7 .0 0 9 1 .0 0 -

104.00
111.00

9 9 .5 0 120.50
8 9 .5 0 - 107.50
90.00-1C 9.50
8 4 .5 0 - 97.50
8C .00-105.00

10
-

5

-

1C
10
1
1

26

68
5
63

109

11
1
10

52

55

32

42

36

51
51

26
14

24

IG

20
MANUFACTURING

115
26
e9
16
40

71
21

94
50
44
16
20

83
58

259
35
224
18

29
5
24

23
21

41

84
19
65
10
18
16

13

2

4^

10

38
1
37

no

22
88

5

36

68

1C6

211
27
184

1C

24
1
23

20
22

324
76
248
11
24
36

20
15

1
8

1

*

1

1

1

1

2

1

40
23
17
11
1

4

3

64
6
58
58

4

3

-

-

-

11
T a b l e A -1 a . O f f i c e o cc u p a tio n s —large estab lish m e n ts : W e e k l y earn in g s
August 1972)

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or m o r e by industry division, Baltimore, Md .
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving
$

Average
weekly
houre1

Mean ^

(standard

Median 2

$

65
and
under

Middle ranged

70

$
70

*
75

s
80

$

t

85

90

$
95

*

$
100

no

traight-time weekly earnings of—
*

$
120

130

*

*

%

140

150

160

$
170

$

*

180

190

t
200

*

*
210

220

230
and

75

80

90

85

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

J?
fl

i3
9

196
8

1

26
40

7
64

41

1

1

2
2

170

2

180

190

200

2 10

220

230 Tver

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
$

$

$

$
2

2

2

!i t ’St
t o n 1X0 no ixx*nn
30 0
112.50-136.00

2

J
J'

fi

5

56

36

30

*

TO

w

2

22

J

1

16

53

5

1

278
I'n
123

39.5 134.50 128.50 108.50-158.00

3" *

*6

g
1
2

7
f?

fl
rs

38.5

110**0 110*00
1C3.5C
92.0C

zZ

2

17

43

34

30

6
19

33

H
19^
105

38*0
38.0

J

88*00
82.00

76.50- 89.00

30 - 105 00 1C3 50
99.00
38.5 105.50

89.50-114.50

101

38.5

30*5 179*00

246

an
fo
10

81.00-112.00

173

MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

99.50 106.00

r
-

-

292
102

ME SS EN GE RS ICFFICE BCYS AND GIRLS!-

30*^
39.0
38.5

39.0 103.00
99.00
108.50 115.50

*??
I!
2 ,369
1

209
/ 1U

5C C h l T I C j y CLA 5 j A

See footn otes at end o f tables,




81
67

Tn*n

2

Ton
3 '"J 114*00 108*50
30. j
87.00
86.50

1

27
20
7

*4
*
6

J

50
11

32
8

1

11

16

1

55
IT

3?

12

89.0099.00-

79.50- 94.50

39.5 192.50 189.00 179.00-206.50
138.00
in*'
30.5 12 6.vO 124.00

JtS S
’S

38.5 164.00 153.00 1 4 2. 00 38.5 157.00 150.00 1 4 1. 00 -

194.00
165.00

u

u

-

-

A

_

2

3

i

1

-

1

-

-

53

2

5

10

5

10

5

1

5

3

3

5

3

-

-

2

5
1

12
4
8

2

2

1

1

J

15

18

12

29

22

32

11

72

74

59
33

52

f?

W
72
22

Zj

^3

2

-

-

138
38
100

88
24

56
12

8

1
13

18

8
38

TO
3
32

16

2S

53
29

20
3

17
1

33
6

37

34

29

73

20

. 53

21

7
~~

12

16

Tl
rz

53

£

-

2

2

29
14

29
13

rr

tt)

8
3
3

1

246
68
170

63
58
58

2
-

3
3

10

309
103

323
158

256
161

146
77

3

-

-

-

-

157
65

52
23

67
22

28
13

25
12

24

19

t-5

40

to

^1
12

39
38

20
19

15
14

2

7

102

102

-

2

222
99

85

12

2

61

-

3

2

308
90

3

10
10

20

I
3
144
20

64
31
33

3
1
1

1

23

17
56

9 1
7

8

4

133

55
ZT

i

9
2

6

8

i

117.00 118.00

39.0 147.00 143.00 12 4. 50 -1 66 .CO
39.0 152.00 150.50 134.00-169.00

12
3

17

^3

1

i

33

,

53

3

J
98.00-140.50
111 '0
129.00 109.50-181.50
117.00 103.00-142.50
98.00 91.00-117.00

1 on
564
170
117
190

r UtL 1L v 1 1L I 1 1LJ

SECRETARIES ---------------------------

o nr
lin*nn
117*50
137.50
119.00
102.00

1-9
-

f*
21

19

154.50 129.00-221.00

81

~z
22

18

1

1

33
fl
13

w!
53
r5

it
30*0 127*00 i
38.5 113.50 113*00

73

37*'0
83.50

5

5

13

2

8

^6

*2
81.50-120.00

1 5?
£r

2

34

3^|
276

Jn-*-n i iT*-n
i 02 j \
nn
1 no •cn
j
•

3

50 120 50

“0
LLtKIv 5 i r 1Lt t LLAj j c

-

1
r?

-

1
1

2

23

MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

1

1
3

2
2
2

1

5
2

12
T a b le A -1 a . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s —large e s ta b lis h m e n ts : W e e k l y e a r n in g s -----C o ntin u ed
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations in esta b lish m en ts em p lo y in g 500 w o rk e rs o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d. , Au gu st 1972)
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

t
65

w eek ly
M edian ^

(standard)

M iddle ranged

and
under

75

80

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t
f
$
t
t
$
*
$
t
t
*
i
$
t
$
*
180
190 200 210 220 230
120 130 140 150
160 170
100 110
95
90
85

t

s

$
70

$

and

-

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230 over

-

-

“

“

1
1
1

10
9
1
1

2
2
2

12
“
12
11

31
2
29
28

45
4
41
38

58
7
51
31

55
10
45
38

20
2
18
16

34
18
16
12

32
18
14
9

46
9
37
2

13
3
10
1

28
16
12
1

9
7
2
“

2
1
1
~

2
2
"

2
2
2

1
1
1
“

11
11
2
9

8
8
8

55
2
53
6
44

99
7
92
4
77

122
14
108
5
96

94
13
81
14
60

96
43
53
5
28

118
89
29
6
6

158
119
39
15
5

96
51
45

21
18
3
“

6
5
1
-

5
4
1
-

8
8
-

1
1
-

3

93
55
38
1

”

-

_

-

19
13
6
6

77
18
59
47

113
59
54
49

135
72
63
25

150
82
68
6

152
104
48
3

69
7
62
4

57
22
35
1

16
8
8
“

1
1
-

i
i

-

1
1
-

2
2

-

8
5
3
2

-

-

5
5

12
2
10

15
3
12

44
32
12
"*

32
10
22
8

53
17
36
27

46
31
15
8

40
23
17
12

43
34
9
9

22
13
9
9

17
6
ii
ii

33
7
26
26

12
2
10
10

46
1
45
45

_

-

-

*

-

2
2
-

4

33
13
20
15

22
17
5
4

13
9
4
2

9
4
5

49
48
1

14
12
2

14
14

11
2
9

-

2

9
9

17
9
8
8

-

4
4

8
8
8

9

-

5

2

2
2

-

-

-

4

5

5

10

9

12

23

8

2

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

13
12

15
13

27
21

9
7

4
3

2
2

1
-

13
13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

5

-

15

5

23
23
16
7

MEN AND WOMEN CO MB I N E D —
CONT IN UE D
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES. CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

400
108
292
191

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5

$
153.50
168.00
148.00
135.50

$
147.50
174.00
142.00
134.50

$
$
130.00-180.50
144.00-199.00
126.00-172.50
121.00-148.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------

994
429
565
60
337

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
38.0

148.50
164.50
136.50
135.50
123.50

151.00
163.00
131.00
139.OC
123.50

126.00-168.00
153.00-177.00
118.00-155.00
121.00-160.00
114.00-133.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

802
393
409
143

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

133.00
132.50
133.00
114.50

133.00
134.50
132.00
115.00

118.50-146.50
120.50-144.00
117.50-151.00
105.00-121.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------

420
181
239
165

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

135.50
128.00
141.50
159.00

131.00
128.50
136.00
168.50

109.00-162.00
107.50-143.00
109.50-179.00
128.00-191.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

215
116
99
50

39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

138.00
139.CC
137.00
106.00

140.00 113.00-159.00
150.50 124.00-156.00
121.50 10 6. 00 -1 77 .CO
106.50 95.5 0- 11 4. 00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------

83

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

“

-

~
_

”
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

5

*

-

1

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_
-

-

1

-

-

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0

96 .5 0- 13 5. 50
96 .0 0- 13 6. 00
137.50-172.50
85.50-119.00

-

1
1

5
5

11
9

8
8

6
5

-

1

5

7

7

3

63

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------

39.5 133.00 137.00 117.00-144.00

38.5 155.00 151.50 13 4. 00 -1 86 .OC

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

6

1

7

12

5

2

1

22

1

-

1

-

-

33

39.0 160.00 153.50 141.00-187.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

3

8

3

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

138
122
31
55

117.00
117.00
153.50
103.00

113.50
113.00
140.00
100.00

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NCNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------

55

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S --------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

540
216
324
112
181

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

534
150
384
56
266

39.0
98.50
94.50
39.5 102.50
98.50
38.5
93.50
97 . OC
39.0 107.50 113.50
90.50
38.5
91.00

See footn otes at end o f ta b les




99.00-120.00

-

-

-

1

3

4

8

8

18

9

-

1

1

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

115.50 96.00-134.50
128.50 113.50-134.50
91.50-134.50
104.00
16 5.OC 122.50-167.50
86.50-100.50
93.00

_
-

-

10
-

34

50
13
37

68
19
49

65
50
15

70
58
12

39
23
16

6
4
2

11
2

7
1

11

-

-

-

7
36

64
6
58
58

-

-

-

-

_
-

~
26

55
21
34
18
9

3
3

10

41
9
32

4
4

1C

31
5
26

-

_
-

87.50-105.50
90.00- 11 3. 00
87.00-104.50
95 .5 0-121.00
85.50- 96.50

1
1
-

1
1

30
5

49
3
46
5
40

4
3

3

1

2

3

-

-

-

-

32

1

-

1

2

3

-

-

-

-

39.0 111.50 111.50
119.OC
126.00
114.50
147.00
94.00

25
-

3

21

1

33
-

-

-

32

36

29

97

105
30
75

54
12
42

90

27
70

48
7

23
5

23
21

58

41

18

1
66

5

3

31

16
11

13

65

8
30

2
2

2

_

3
-

13
T a b l e A - 2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and tech nical o ccu p atio n s: W e e k ly earn in g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Baltimore, M d . , August 1972)
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of v/orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

A verage
w e ek ly

Under
Mean 2

(standard

M edian 2

M iddle ranged

S

$

t

100

110

*
120

S

t

130

140

$
150

$
160

$
170

$
180

*

190

S

i

200

210

S

s

*

220

230

240

t

250

t

26C

s

270

s

280

and
under

100

110

290
and

120

130

140

150.00-191.50

13

15

193
78

39*S 181 00 161*00
39.0 158.00 154.50 139.00-178.00

1

1-3
9

1-2
9

377

. ,„

*n

263
54
115

i/o cn
1*300
38.5 138.50
39.5 135.50
37.5 135.00

135.00 125.50-148.00
149.00
136.00 1 1 9. 00 145.50
135.00 1 2 4. 00 -

16
8

194
50
144
53
56

38.5
39.0
38.5
38.5
38.0

119.00
122.50
118.50
134.00
111.00

54
19
35

155

39.5 221.50 217.00 185.50-251.00

64

150

160

170

77

39

38.5 219.00 214.00 195.50-229.50

180

190

200

12

22

15

7

4

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

over

-

-

-

8

4

12
10

MEN AND WOMEN CUMBINED
39.5
lit

FINANCE ---------------------------------------COHFUTLR OPERATCRSt CLASS D
NONMAN UF AC TL RI NG — — — —

— —— —

FINANCE --- ---------------------—
COMPUTER GPERATGRS* CLASS C --MANU FA CT UR IN G — — — —— —— — — — —— —— — — —

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------FINANCE
COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
CUj InLjJi uLrw j L
j

...
11/

F IN A N C E
COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,
BUSINESS* CLASS C

$
ir ? * 'n

/

126.50
129.00
125.50
142.50
114.00

$

$

----

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS* CLASS A — — — —— — —
NCNPANUFAC TURING — — —— — — —— —— — —

-

-

6
75
8
29

42

27

37
8
12

23
11

24
-

12

14

-

-

-

28

149.50
39.0 142.00 140.50 1 3 2 . 5 0 38.5 144.00 143.00 1 3 6. 50 - 152.00
38.0 139.00 143.00 128.00-147.50

224
69
155
57

39.5
38.5
39.5
39.0

216.00 19 6. 00 18 4. 00 " IT*"0
nn ^ 222.50 219.50 1 9 7. 50 19 2. 50 37*0

276.00
273.00
277.50
279.50

10

6

22

10

ii

52
13
24

24

21
12

15

6

-

13

8

1 PI
1
159

SERVICES




32
7

8
8

12
**

8

13

6

9

6

1

e
i

8

*35

8

15
35
22

13

6
6

13
12
12

50
24
1

42
42
41

10
10

:

*

19

10
10
1

20

1

}

1

3
20
18

i
i

1

10
10

3

196.00-242.50
19 9. 50 244.50
1 9 3. 50 231.50
19 2. 50 223.00

19

1

246.00
249.00
242.50
234.00

/n n 173 "0 172 CC
n 172.00 172.50 1 4 7. 50 188.50
/ n*n 176.50 170.00 159.00-204.00
*
1 5 2. 50 184.00

16

*

1

303.00
270.50 2 5 2. 00 273.00 26 2. 50-294.00
305.50
268.50 2 4 9. 00 266.00

215.50
223*00 221.50
y *
213.50 209.00
/n*n
■%U. 208.50 207.50

10

-

*

16
8

38
29

1
1
1
1

12

>8
74

34

4

* All workers we r e at $ 290 to $ 300.
** W o r k e r s we re distributed as follows: 2 at $ 290 to $ 300; 35 at $ 300 to $ 320; 12 at $ "*20 to $ 340; 13 at $ 340 to $ 360 and
See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

11
4

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

CRAFTSMEN* CLAuS A

2

1

13
13

-

3

1

10

8
-

1
10

7

17
10

37

i on * nn 175.50 158.50-186.00
onX*nn
o 7«-»*nn 186.50 172.00-206.50
•
*

152
121
75

12
64

17

108.50142.50
108.00-155.00
1 0 8. 50 135.00
120.50180.50
103.50123.00

2^/
123

—

FINANCE

38

i

21
19

28

2

7

15
28

"0
45
5

53
34
19

at $ 380 to $400.

*4
15
8

8

14

41
34

20

29

10

19

30
27

27
13
48
30
18
t8

20

20
13

8

36
21
15
13

43
30
13
12

62
51
11
11

20

-

-

12

50
19
31
31

73
36
37
36

63
42
21
21

14
12

18
12

36
27

15

1

19
15

15
10

30
12
18

14

18
45
17

14
T a b le A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o ccupations: W e e k l y e a r n in g s — C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations b y industry division, Baltimore, Md., August 1972)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t

$

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

100

w e ek ly
M ean ^

M edian ^

Middle ranged

%
no

t

f

120

130

t

1*0

$

150

t

$

t

160

170

180

190

$
$
$
$
200 210 220 230

$

2*0

$
250

$

260

$
270

t

280

and
under

$

100

no

$
290
and

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

26
18
8

19
13
6

8
5
3

9
8
1

5
5
_

-

2*0

250

260

270

280

290

*
*

-

230

over

MEN AND WOMEN CO MBINEp —
CONT IN UE D
CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

327
2*8
79

$
$
$
$
39.0 152.00 151.50 139.00-159.00
39.0 152.50 152.50 139.00-159.00
*0 .0 1*9.50 150.00 1*5.0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

CRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

8*
58

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1,050
*29

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS AMANCFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------

328
139
189

*0 .0 217.50 215.50 208.00-232.50
* 0 .0 223.50 21*.50 210 .5 0 -2 *6 .5 0
* 0 .0 213.00 216.00 2 0 *.0 0 -2 2 7 .5 0

-

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS 6NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------

509
216

*0 .0
* 0 .0

192.00 192.00 186.00-195.00
189.00 189.50 179.00-203.00

-

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

120
86

39.0 178.50 182.50 161.00-201.00
39.5 182.50 183.50 166.50-202.00

_

See footnotes at end of tablei




-

-

6
2

-

-

4

16
10
6

71
63
8

53
31
22

no

-

39.5 120.50 120.00 111.00-131.00
*0 .0 120.00 118.50 111 .50-131.50

8
*

12
8

23
21

18
6

20
18

1
1

_

1

_

1

* 0 .0
*0 .0

1
1

3
2

3
3

7
5

9
6

16
13

33
1*

179
26

72
35

87
58

2*8
53

76
57

19*.00 192.50 171.50-213.00
196.50 199.50 180.50-217.00

89
21

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

160
7*

33
30

57
35

36
10

26
*

2
1

-

_

2
2

2
1
1

*

_

-

-

_

*

2

12

-

*

-

-

4

2

12

9
4
5

7
2
5

19
11
7

*1
13
28

113
53
60

28
3
25

36
10
26

35
26
9

19
16
3

-

3
3

2
2

1
1

3
2

11
9

25
13

*7
28

79
53

230
46

35
29

*7
1*

5
5

13
9

1
1

7
1

_

-

-

_

5

6
5

13
6

19
15

7
7

21
16

n
8

23
15

3
3

-

-

6

l
1

_

-

5
*

6

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

“

.

_

-

-

-

15
T a b l e A - 2 a . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —large estab lish m e n ts : W e e k l y earn in g s
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations studied in e sta b lish m en ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d ., August 1972)

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

(standard

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
*

t

Average
weekly
Mean ^

Median £

Middle ranged

Un d e r 100
%
and
100 tinder

*
110

130

140

*

t

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

220

230

240

250

260

$
270

$
280

290
and

110
•AL-4

1
120

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

220

8

11
2

26

26

11

12

9
7

15

14
9

4
4

4

22

12

14

7
5

2

2
1

5
3

6
2

1

7

7
5
4

*

*

15

10

7
5

2
1

9
3

5

-

-

11

7

2
2

8
8
8

12
11
11

6

14

9

7

5
4

11
11

8
6

11
10

ii
9

3
3

8
6

3
3

5
3

4

2

1

-

7

6

230

240

250

6

6

-

-

5

260

270

280

38

-

-

38
-

-

*

-

-

3
3

_
-

_
-

4
3

7
3
1

4
3
I

1

1

5
“

“

10
8
6

1
1

I
-

-

*35

23

?!

290 over

AND MJMEN CJMhlMci)

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

177
62
115
54

39.0
38.5
39.5
38.5

$
$
159.00-232.50
159.50-193.00
158.00-261.50
151.00-185.50

-

-

2
1
1
1

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2 10
88

39.0 151.50 148.00 134.00-160.50
39.5 161.50 156.50 143.50-173.00

_
-

8
2

16
3
13

20
6

19
17

34
29

19
18

-

-

rInflnLfc

$
$
193.50 184.00
178.50 181.50
2 0 2 . 0 0 190.00
166.50 163.00

2

-

2
2

14

3
5
2

37

12

31
7
24

29

45
28
17

12

14

16

8

—— —

8

7

2

-

-

1

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE -------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

137
107

38.5 133.50 126.00 114.50-154.00
38.5 130.50 1 2 2 . 0 0 112.50-142.50

*

94
78
60

39.0 232.00 224.50 201.50-257.00
39.0 227.50 221.50 198.00-251.00
38.5 219.50 2 1 1 . 0 0 194.00-232.00

“

136
106

39.0 217.00 196.50 172.50-295.00
39.0 224.00 199.50 176.00-296.50

-

65

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C

129.50-166.00
39.0 147.50 147.50 129.50-166.00

-

-

2
2

0

-

“

8

rt>

13

1

1

-

1
1

4
4
4

12

14

24

7

6

20

8

8
8

6

35

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
67
55
138
62

38.5 2 2 2 . 0 0 2 1 0 . 0 0 195.50-253.00
39.5 236.00 231.00 212.00-267.00

”

“

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

363
276
87

40.0 228.00 230.50 208.00-250.00
40.0 229.50 232.00 211.00-249.00
40.0 223.00 224.00 200.00-256.00

-

“

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

214
164
50

40.0 188.00 186.50 169.50-212.50
40.0 184.50 184.00 168.00-206.00
40.0 199.00 209.00 174.50-221.50

-

“

-

230
181

s c a no
13G«UU 154.50
i oo nn
39.5 1 2 2 * 0 0 1 2n * 0 0
2 nn

0

1

1

1

39.0
270.50
38.5 ^72*00
39.0 278.50 266.00 251.50-305.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

8
8

122

NGNMANUFACTllR IN G

™™

“

-

_

*

“

C

3

2
2

9
“

21
2

7

14

22

12
2

13
9

15
7

31
26
5

37
34
3

rr

. _

_
“

2
2

7
5

“

2

5
3

10
10

18
17

22

2

-

1

41

*

*

1
1

37
31

68

26
18

19
13

9
8

9
9

28
19
9

23
15

51
42
9

21
11

13

18

11
2

12
6

6

8

10

4

4

3

40
30

54
51
3

41
34
7

3
3
-

-

9
7

6

5

8
6

2

8

35
27
B

32

20

5
15

10

29

9
9
-

5
5
*

-

1
1

-

12

17

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

5

8

t-t

i

2

3

7

9

16

33

164

54

31

212

50

103

13

53

35

25

2

40.0 216.50 214.00 205.00-236.00
40.0 225.00 215.00 2 1 1. 00 -2 47 .5C

_

-

-

_

_

2

12

*

-

2

35
7

73
49

32

-

16
9

12

-

9
4

7

-

4
-

3

10

35
26

19
16

2
1

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

107
81

39.0 180.50 185.00 165.50-202.00
39.5 184.00 185.00 1 6 e. 0 0 - 2 0 2 .50

-

-

-

5
3

17
13

7
7

18
16

11
8

23
15

6
6

1
1

3
3

_

-

*
**

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 290 to $ 300.
W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

See footnotes at end of tables.




*

'

_

-

819

5

6
6

-

258
127

192.50 192.00 169.00-212.50

3

-

ELECTR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS AM A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS ------------

fz
15
:

8

55

30
3

6

6

11

6

*
o
o

LH At 1 jr tl, 1 K m L t K

3

f

5
4

6

5

2 at $ 290 to $ 300; 12 at $ 300 to $ 320; 12 at $ 320 to $3 4 0 ; 4 at $ 340 to $ 360; and 1 at $ 380 to $ 400.

‘

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

"

"

16
T a b l e A - 3 . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k ly earn in g s , by sex
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Baltimore, Md., August 1972)
Average

Sex, occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

OF FI CE O C CU PA TI ON S - MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NC NP A N U F A C T U R I N G -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------

328
145
183
29

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

174.00
191.00
160.50
209.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U FA CT LR IN G -----------N C NP AN UF AC TL RI NG --------

223
102
121

39.5 132.50
39.5 152.00
40.0 115.50

129
116
105

39.5 145.00
39.5 146.00
39.5 150.00

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS) -N C NP AN UF AC TL RI NG -------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----FINANCE -----------------

314
223
47
129

39.0
99.00
38.5
95.00
39.5 114.OC
39.0
89.50

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

112
63

39.5 112.50
39.5 108.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

75

37.0 105.50

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------N C N M A N UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

59
51

38.0
37.5

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N C N P A N UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

115
88

38.5 104.50
38.5
98.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NP AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

880
286
594
50
137
87

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.0
38.0
37.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N P A N UF AC TL RI NG -----------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

352
304
048
292
138
244
167

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.0
38.0
36.5

113.50
110.50

140.50
149.50
136.5C
120.50
126.00
117.00
111.50
119.50
109.00
111.50
10 5.CC
100.50
102.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N C NP AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

98
59

39.5 130.00
39.5 134.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NP AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

531
160
371
192

39.0
99.50
39.5 106.50
38.5
96.50
87.50
38.5

See footnote at end of tables,




Number
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO ME N— CONTINUED
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NCNPAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

488
471
57
293

37.5
37.5
38.0
37.0

$
86.00
85.50
84.00
80.50

CLERKS, CRCER -----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NCNPAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

430
87
343
201
142

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.5
38.5

104.50
104.50
104.50
110.CC
97 .OC

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNPAN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

261
135
126
50

38.5
39.0
38.0
38.0

131.00
134.50
127.00
11 7.5C

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NUFACTLRING --------------------NCNP AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

CLERKS, CRCER --------------N C NP AN UF AC TL RI NG -------WHOLESALE TRACE -------

BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

627
343
284
114

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5

129.50
133.50
125.00
11 8.CC

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NCNP AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

1,235
314
921
192
227
121
303
78

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
37.5

112.00
113.00
112.00
133.OC
106.5C
118.50
103.00
100.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---------NCNPANUF AC TL RI NG -----------------

115
92

SECRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NCNP AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

3,736
1,199
2,537
267
317
218
1,036
699

Average

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours *
standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WOMEN— CO NTINUED
SECRETARIES

- CONT IN UE D

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------NCNP AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1 ,4 7 7

3 8 .5

1 4 2 .5 0

493
984

3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 9 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0

433
270

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FACTURING ----------------------------------------NCNP AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------WH OLESALE TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------------

1 ,1 6 5
486

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 8 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

679
112
186

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

297

3 8 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------N C NP AN UF AC TL RI NG ---------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------------

827
209
618
223
56
264

3 9 .0

1 2 3 .0 0

3
3
3
3

3 8 .5

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 4 7 *5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------N C NP AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

707
317
390
179

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

3 7 .5

1 1 3 .5 0

39.0 100.50
38.5
99.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---NCNP AN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

127
80

3 9 .0

1 2 4 .0 0

3 8 .5

1 1 5 .5 0

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
38.0
37.5

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N C N P A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

272
240

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

31
107

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 5 3 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

55

3 8 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

SWITCHBCARC C P ER AT CR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NP AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

417

3 9 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

158
259

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

27

4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0

111
50

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 0 . OC

56

3 7 .5

1 0 7 .5 0

224

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

124

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

634

3 9 .0

222

3 9 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

412
102

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

217

3 8 .5

141.00
149.50
137.00
174.00
134.00
131.50
127.50
140.OC

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NCNPANUF AC TL RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

276
80
196
78

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.0

149.00
162.00
143.50
146.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS E -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNPAN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

709
140
569
67
67
297
96

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0
39.0
38.5
37.0

150.50
171.00
145.50
176.00
149.00
135.50
156.50

TR AN SC RI BI NG -P AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNP AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE -------------------------TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NP AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

105
116
60

58
166

3 8 .0

1 5 2 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 5 .0 0

9 .0
9 .0
9 .5
9 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

17
T a b l e A - 3 . O f fic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o cc u p atio n s: A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s , by s e x -----C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u gu st 1972)
A verage

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

1,141
198
943
54
105
143
513
128

38.5
95.50
39.0 101.50
38.0
94.50
40.0 113.00
39.5
97.00
38.5
99.00
38.0
91.00
37.0
93.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------------------------

263
85
178
69

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

178.00
170.00
162.00
157.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------------------------

340
108
232
98

39.0
39.5
38.5
37.0

143.00
153.00
138.50
135.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

144
97

39.0 127.50
39.0 126.00

See footn ote a t end o f ta b les.




W eekly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

130
116

39.5 222.50
39.5 218.50

A verage

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER P R G G R A M E R S ,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

207
167
88

$
39.5 210.00
39.0 215.00
38.5 19 7.5C

COMPUTER PRCGR A M E R S »
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU 'R IN G----------------FINANCE --------------------------

131
100
67

39.0 142.00
38.5 144.00
38.0 139.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TO RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

COMPUTER PRGGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - ME N — CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

A verag e

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

204
69
135
55

39.5
38.5
39.5
39.0

279.00
27 3.CC
282.50
281.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

216
94
122
61

38.5
38.5
38.5
37.0

220.00
217.50
222.50
215.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNMAN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------SERVICES ------------------------

512
330
182
158

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

219.50
223.00
213.50
208.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------SERVICES ------------------------

378
264
114
82

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

173.50
172.00
176.50
165.00

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

318
245
73

39.0 152.00
39.0 153.00
40.0 149.00

OR AF TSMEN-TRACERS -------------------NCNMAN UF AC TL RI NG -----------------

73
5C

39.5 119.50
40.0 117.50

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS -------------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

1,031
426

40.0 194.50
40.0 197.CC

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS AMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

3281
135
185

40.0 217.50
40.0 223.50
40.0 213.00

ELECTRON ICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS BNONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

50E
216

40.0 192.00
40.0 189.00

50

31.5 124.00

----------------------------------

66
56

38.5 168.00
38.5 172.OC

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

119
85

39.0 178.50
39.5 182.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------CGMPUTER P R C G R A M E R S ,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------NCNMANUFACTLRING

18
T a b l e A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —la rg e e s t a b lis h m e n t s :
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a rn in g s , by sex
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more
by industry division, Baltimore, Md. , August 1972)
A verag e

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - MEN
39.5 175.00
39.5 191.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------NCNK AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------

273
127
27

50.0 209.50

CLERKS, ACCOLNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------N C NK AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

156
91
55

39.5 152.OC
39.5 152.00
39.5 125.00

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BCYS) ----N C NK AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -------FINANCE -------------------

205
117
51
67

39.0 102.50
38.5
97.50
39.5 115.00
88.00
38.5

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S - WOKEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------FINANCE

--------------------------

537
156
381
61

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.5

157.00
156.50
153.00
126.50
117.00
125.50
115.00
105.50
102.00

A verage

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS WO KE N— CONTINUED
SECRETARIES --------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNKAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

2 ,3 5 3

953
1,500
185

165
718

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5

$
156.00
152.00
152.00
188.50
138.00
126.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
NCNKAN UF AC TU RI NG —

67

38.5 165.00
38.5 157.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----NC NK AN UF AC TU RI NG —
FINANCE -----------

500
108
292
191

39.0 153.50
39.0 168.00
38.5 156.00
38.5 135.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --MA NUFACTURING ----------NCNKAN UF AC TU RI NG ------RETAIL TRACE --------FINANCE ---------------

993
565
60

39.0 158.50
39.5 165.50
38.5 136.50
39.0 135.50

337

3 8 .0

802
393
509
153

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0

133.00
132.50
133.00
115.50

81

528

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N C N K A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRACE --------------FINANCE ---------------------

712
187
525
129
120

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N C N K A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------FINANCE ---------------------

330
70
260
129

38.5 101.50
39.5 110.00
99.00
38.5
85.50
39.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- t
--------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

503
179
225
150

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

135.00
128.00
138.50
156.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ---------N C N K A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------FINANCE ---------------------

200
183
103

38.0
38.0
38.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NK AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

212

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5

137.00
139.00
135.00
106.OC

CLERKS, CRCER ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N C N K A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------RETAIL TRACE ---------------

192
65
127
97

38.5 101.50
38.0 103.50
38.5 100.50
38.0
98.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------

111
71

38.5 137.50
39.0 150.5C

KEYPUNCF OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N C NK AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------FINANCE --------------------

511
256
165
81

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5

KEYPUNCF OPERATORS, CLASS B MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------NCNK AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------RETAIL TRACE -------------FINANCE --------------------

753
197
556
165
117
189

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0
38.5

ME SSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ----N C NK AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

87
73

See footnote at end of tables




131.50
135.50
127.00
113.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

Weekly
hours1
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N K A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

156
50
106

$
39.0 198.00
39.0 183.50
39.5 205.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N K A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

185
82
103
65

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------N C N K A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

96
69

39.0 135.50
39.0 131.50

CO MPUTER PROGRAKERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------N C NK AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

71
57

39.5 237.50
39.0 232.50

COMPUTER PROGRAKERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------N C NK AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

116
87

39.5 220.00
39.0 228.50

COMPUTER PROGRAKERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------N O NK AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

56
53

38.5 148.50
38.5 148.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N K A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

120
67
53

39.0 275.50
38.5 272.00
39.5 280.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

137
61

38.5 222.00
39.5 236.00

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N K A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

362
275
87

40.0 228.00
40.0 229.50
40.0 223.00

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

213
163
50

40.0 188.00
40.0 184.50
40.0 199.00

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

221
178

39.0 155.50
39.0 156.00
39.5 123.50

152.50
162.00
145.00
134.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS
SWITCHBOARD C P E R A T C R S , CLASS B ---NCNK AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------TRANSCPI BI NG -K AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------TYPISTS, CLASS A ---MA NUFACTURING ---NCNKANUF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC UTILITIES
FINANCE ---------

118.00
119.50
117.50
138.00
119.00 TYPISTS, CLASS B —
MA NUFACTURING —
102.00
NC NK AN UF AC TU RI NG
RETAIL TRADE 39.0 103.50
39.0 1C3.5C
FINANCE -------

116
96
50
83
138
122

31
55

39.5 133.00
39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0

117.CC
117.00
153.50
103.00

39.0 111.50

DRAF TS ME N- TR AC ER S --------------------

57

505
215
290
78
181

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

EL EC TR ON IC S TE CHNICIANS -------------

803

*
o
o

95.50
93.50
83.50

Number
of
workers

1 2 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MA NUFACTURING -----NCNK AN UF AC TU RI NG —
FINANCE ----------

Average

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

EL EC TR ON IC S TECHNICIANS, CLASS AMANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

258
127

40.0 216.50
40.0 225.00

532

39.0
98.50
39.5 102.50
97.00
38.5
39.0 107.50
38.5
91.00

106
80

39.0 180.50
39.5 184.00

55

159

383
56
266

115.50
125.50
108.50
137.50
95.00

193.50

PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

19

T a b l e A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r ly e a rn in g s
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Baltimore, M d., August 1972)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings3
$

t

$

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

S
3 .6 0

t
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .3 0

3 .9 0

o
o

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
3 .2 0

4
-

25

25

1

7

-

-

-

5
4

25

1

-

-

25

5
5
-

6

-

4

6

1

i

Number
of

3 .1 0
M e in 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$
3 .1 0

S

$
4 .0 0

$

$

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

$
4 .3 0

4 .4 0

S
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

S
5 .0 0

*
5 .2 0

»
5 .4 0

t
5 .6 0

*
5 .8 0

*
6 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

over

18
18

7
7

13
-

4
2

28

48

10

7
7

-

4
-

2

10
10

”

-

-

11
2

-

1

3
2

23
23
-

11
11

13
13

12
36
35

41
30

-

20
8

35
32

-

88
78
10

51
47

93
93
-

48
39
9

23
23

4

127
56
71

39
39

45

26

29

43

23

42
42

2

3

$
3 .9 0

and
under

and

MEN ANO WOMEN COMBINED
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

327
171
156
63

$
4.37
4.68
4.02
4.53

$
4.45
4.73
4.17
4.46

$
3.924.343.244.41-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

700
579
121

4.90
4.95
4.70

4.88
4.85
5.03

4.45- 5.31
4.44- 5.39
4.53- 5.08

-

_
-

10

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NGNPAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

351
289
62

4.73
4.73
4.75

4.77
4.78
4.48

4.28- 5.22
4.30- 5.20
4.28- 5.55

-

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BCILER --------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

96
86

4.43
4.47

4.64
4.66

4.13- 4.96
4.33- 4.99

-

-

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

136
133

4.71
4.69

4.62
4.59

4.24- 5.00
4.24- 4.98

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NGNP AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

730
641
89

5.03
5.10
4.53

5.06
5.07
5.02

4.72- 5.61
4.74- 5.62
3.68- 5.07

“

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------

1,081
296
785
388
75

A . 79
4.45
4.91
5.47
4.56

4.49
4.27
5.07
5.56
5.03

4.243.954.335.454.02-

5.50
4.82
5.57
5.78
5.21

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,842
1,651
191

5.02
5.00
5.18

5.15
5.10
5.49

4.50- 5.49
4.49- 5.47
5.18- 5.63

-

_
-

MI LLWRIGHTS --------------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

153
153

5.35
5.35

5.60
5.60

4.86- 5.73
4.86- 5.73

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

154
111

4.29
4.46

4.05
4.43

3.81- 5.05

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

417
382

5.07
5.11

5.16
5.29

30

4.80

5.03

4.28- 5.08

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

157
131

4.86
4.87

4.70
4.67

4.48- 5.15
4.47- 5.54

26

4.84

5.04

5.01- 5.07

375
368

5.40
5.41

5.33
5.33

5.21- 5.95
5.21- 5.96

TOOL ANC DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------- *

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is trib u te d as fo llo w s :

See footnotes at end of tables,




7

_
-

-

10

~

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

1

8

2

12
1

1
1

34
34

25
19

7
5

31
28

27
25

1

-

6

2

3

2

13
4
9

8

2

-

8

6

24

8

2

-

42
41

8

1
5

22

32
17

”

2

15

-

-

13
13

4

5

_

-

1
1

5

-

5

-

_
“

“

5
2

10

10
4

-

3
3

e
-

5

-

13
3

_
-

1

-

1

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

13

3

14
14

_

1

2

*

30

1

2

3
3

_
-

1
1

16
16

-

2

6
6

”

“

1
1

1
1

30

5

5

10

2

6

-

13
6

i

2
4

ii

8
8

8
4
4

19

4

“

~

9
2

-

6

_
*

4.56- 5.63
4.58- 5.65

_

un
1

_

3

3

7
7

8

10

15
15

33
32
1

51
51

71
69

45
45

“

2

“

177
134
43

209

39

44

29

22

34
10

21
8
3

40
35
5
1

*

“

14
14

6
6

5
4

105
93

39
39

20

i

12

-

3
3

_
-

4

14

4

2

2

2

33

6

3

3

2

“

i

-

-

2

31

6

1

1

-

5

_

_

-

-

-

6

_

18

10
10

'

-

-

5
204
5

17
2
6

8

64
26
38
15

3
64

17

57

17

167
164

3
3

22
22

7

“

3

“

“

35
9

178
3
175
172

99

76

14

12
87
87

76
76

287
255
32

396
332
64

26
1
20

*

20

20

295
292

32
32

275
270

-

*

3

*

5

143
123
20

_

6

1

3

44

1

1

16

65

-

6

1

3

44

1

1

16

5

14

1

7

7
7

19

5

-

168
127

-

“

2

19
19

*

8

-

1
1

1

”

65

4
4

8

4

19

-

3

4

41

1

6
8
—
*

19

8

'

6

17

9
-

*

12

‘

9

-

“

12

83
2

i

-

-

27

88
5

2

-

27

13
3
10

5

-

9

14

1
1

16

-

9

1
1

13

2
-

-

14

87
86

-

22
17

-

14

3

47
47

“

20

4

6
6

72
72

“

20

4

9

_
-

8

26

7
3

4

*

8

26

7
7

-

26
26

13

-

1

i

-

13

i

O
X)

$
4.86
4.99
4.48
4.58

47 at $ 6 to $ 6,20, 10 at $ 6,20 to $ 6,40; and 1 at $ 6,40 to $ 6,60.

-

-

4

9

4

1
1

3

11

21

49

22

34

42

59

14

112

2

12

3

21

49

21

34

25

56

14

112

2

12

34
34

27
27

17

22

1

-

17

1

1

11
11

17
17

“

9
9

-

-

21

-

-

-

3
3

139

7
7

2

2

“
3

2
2

19

2

-

-

2
2

8
8

-

6
6

62
60

6
3

139

-

-

80

*5 8

80

58

20
T a b le A -4 a .

M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t io n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations in all establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Baltimore, Md., August 1972)
Hourly earnings3

N um b er o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arn ing s o f—
$
$
3 .3 0 3 .4 0

Num
ber

Occupation and industry division

workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

t
I
3 . 50 3 .6 0

s
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

$
$
$
t
I
S
3 .9 0 4 . 00 4 . 10 4 . 20 4 .3 0 4 .4 0

I
4 .5 0

t
4 .6 0

I
4 .8 0

$
S
5 . CO 5 .2 0

5 .4 0

*
5 .6 0

*
$
5 .8 0 6 .0 0

3 . 60 3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0. 4 . 10 4 . 20 4 . 30 4 ,40 4 ,50

4 .6 0 4 .80

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5.6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0 o ver

i

*
and
3 .3 0 under

and

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

2
2

1
1

-

2
2

5
5
-

-

5
4
1

1
1
-

4
4
-

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

2
1
1

1
1

12
12

9
9
“

2
-

4
4

8
8

2
2

-

5
3

_

1
1

5
5

_

_

HEN AND WO ME N COMBINED
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

233
151
82
60

$
4 .7 1
4 .7 8
4 .5 7
4 .5 3

$
4 .7 0
4 .7 8
4 .4 6
4 .4 6

$
4 .4 0 4 .4 5 4 .2 9 4 .4 0 -

$
4 .9 8
5 .2 2
4 .8 8
4 .5 9

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

537
441
96

5 .0 0
5 .0 2
4 .8 9

5.01
4 .9 2
5.0 5

4 .5 6 4 .5 3 5 .0 1 -

5.3 3
5.41
5 .0 9

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

273
224

4 .8 5
4 .8 2

4 .8 2
4 .8 2

4 . 4 3 - 5.2 3
4 .4 4 - 5 .1 7

-

_

_

-

-

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

84
74

4 .3 4
4 .3 8

4 .6 0
4 .6 3

4 .0 3 - 4 .7 5
4 . 2 8 - 4 .7 8

_

14
14

-

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

133
133

4 .6 9
4 .6 9

4 .5 9
4 .5 9

4 .2 4 - 4 .9 8
4 *2 4 - 4 .9 8

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

625
576

5 .1 5
5 .1 7

5.0 9
5.1 2

4 . 8 0 - 5 .6 2
4 . 7 9 - 5.6 3

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

207
129
78
60

4 .8 4
4 .9 3
4 .6 9
4 .6 1

4 .8 3
4 .8 3
4 .8 3
4.7 6

4 .4 4 4 .5 5 4 .2 4 4 .0 8 -

5.1 3
5.1 5
5.1 0
5 .0 6

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1,441
1,3 08

5 .1 6
5 .1 5

5.32
5.24

4 .8 8 4 .8 7 -

5 .6 6
5.7 0

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

153
153

5.3 5
5 .3 5

5.6 0
5.6 0

4 .8 6 4 .8 6 -

5.7 3
5.7 3

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

115
92

4 .4 7
4 .5 1

4 .3 4
4 .3 7

3 .8 5 3 .8 6 -

5.1 7
5.43

4
3

-

4
1

2

1
“

-

P IP E F IT TE R S , MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

411
382

5 .0 9
5 .1 1

5.1 7
5 .2 9

4 .5 7 4 .5 8 -

5.6 3
5.65

-

_

-

_

-

*

“

29

4 .8 1

5.0 4

4 .2 9 -

5.08

SHEET-METAL WCRKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

155
131

4 .8 7
4 .8 7

4 .6 9
4 .6 7

4 .4 8 4 .4 7 -

5 .1 9
5 .5 4

-

_

-

-

-

-

"

*

TOOL ANC DIE MAKERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------- *

371
366

5 .4 0
5.4 1

5.3 3
5.33

5 .2 1 5 .2 1 -

5.95
5.9 6

-

-

-

-

-

“




4
”

“

72
72
”

23
23
“

22
17

2
“

1
1

-

-

-

35
4
31
30

10
8
2
2

34
32
2
2

41
30
11
2

10
10
10

23
23
“

11
11
*

7
7
*

7
5
2

31
28
3

27
25
2

23
22
1

33
29
4

51
47
4

57
57

123
56
67

48
39
9

16
16

_

9
8

8
8

4
1

24
22

24
9

8
8

39
39

43
43

26
23

18
16

29
13

i
i

_

13
13

3
*

1
1

26
26

8
8

8
8

-

-

1

-

-

_

“

*

-

_

“
_

1
-

4

-

1
1

3
3

_
-

13
13

26
26

4
4

9
9

5
5

9
9

27
27

12
12

-

“

*

3
3

*

7
7

8
8

2
2

6
6

1
1

16
16

5
2

5
5

33
32

8
8

11
11

71
69

27
27

170
134

64
57

17
17

164
164

3
3

22
22

7
1
6
6

1
1
1

4
1
3
3

7
5
2
2

ii
6
5
1

10
5
5
5

15
14
1
1

1
1
1

35
27
8
8

28
21
7
3

44
26
18
15

8
2
6
1

5
3
2

19
12
7
7

*

6
6

3
2

55
43

18
18

5
5

19
19

89
86

35
35

30
30

275
270

128
123

93
77

279
255

394
330

1

1
1

_

-

3
3

-

“

-

6
6

1
1

-

“

1
1

-

*

3
3

44
44

1
1

1
1

16
16

65
65

4
4

8
8

33
21

6
6

3
1

3
1

_

5
5

9
4

4
3

7
7

-

7
7

1

4
4

19
19

-

*

3
*

-

6
6

_

18
17

10
10

10
3

21
21

8
8

41
41

22
21

34
34

42
25

59
56

14
14

112
112

2
2

12
12

-

7

-

-

-

1

-

17

3

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

4
4

1
1

3

-

-

7
7

27
27

17
17

22
1

1
1

11
11

17
17

-

*

27
27

"

9
9

-

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

62
60

6

3

-

3

139
139

7

3

7

80
80

*58
58

“

-

3
3
3

_

_

-

1

“

-

*

1

_

*

-

-

*

1
1

-

2

2
2
2

-

1
1

7
7

*

-

-

* Workers were distributed as follows: 47 at $ 6 to $ 6, 20; 10 at $6, 20 to $6, 40; and 1 at $6. 40 to $6, 60,
See footnotes at end of tables.

4

*

21
20
1
*

13

-

-

4
2
2

13
13

-

8
8

-

*
-

_

6
6
“

21

T a b le A - 5 . C u sto dial and m ate ria l m o v e m e n t occupations: H o u rly earn in g s
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Baltimore, Md., August 1972)
Number of worker receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
t
%
t
t
S
S
$
S
t
t
i
»
»
t
t
*
*
$
$
t
$
1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.2C 5.40 5.60 5.80

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
Mean *

M
EN AMD WOMEN COMBI ItL)

M edian2

Middle range ^

Under
and
$
and
1.60 under
1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.eo 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 over

GU ARDS AND WA TCHMEN -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------

3,451
434
3,017

$
2-31
3.81
2.10

$
2.01
4.08
1.96

$
1.853.421.84-

$
2.26
4.30
2.13

“

GUARDS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

335

4.08

4.21

3.73- 4.37

-

-

-

-

WA TCHMEN
MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

99

2.89

2.59

2.49- 3.32

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS ■
MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRACE ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE ----------------------SERVICES ---------------------

7,662
1,290
6,372
282
98
430
1,137
4,425

2.15
3.15
1.95
3.08
2.41
2.44
2.17
1.76

1.89
3.32
1.77
2.98
2.30
2.30
2.13
1.69

1.682.591.662.762.011.982.051.65-

2.34
3.58
2.09
3.45
2.84
2.96
2.28
1.80

LABORERS, MA TERIAL HANDLING ----MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

2,838
1,496
1,342
420
276
633

3.40
3.54
3.24
3.85
2.79
3.06

3.28
3.63
2.78
3.69
2.58
2.77

2.592.862.522.572.292.59-

4.05
4.08
3.70
5.25
3.52
3.27

ORDER

NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------

2,315
610
1,705
920
778

3.59
3.55
3.61
3.08
4.23

3.69
3*68
3.70
2.78
4.82

2.793.442.7 42.643.32-

4.00
3.78
4.81
3.74
4.86

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------

744
311
433
304

3.22
3.21
3.23
3.51

3.10
3.17
2.79
3.55

2.532.832.262.70-

3.87
3.67
4.52
4.54

_
*

RE CEIVING CLERKS -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------

463
229
234
96
126

3.65
3.48
3.81
3.57
4.03

3.56
3.42
3.83
3.80
4.26

3.0 83.073.143.332.9 6-

4.07
3.92
4.52
3.88
5.03

SH IPPING CLERKS ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

231
141
90
62

4.06
3.85
4.39
4.35

3.95
3.79
4.45
4.38

3.543.3 13.653.86-

SHIP PI NG AND RECEIVING CLERKS -MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------WH OLESALE TRADE -------------

188
80
108
58

3.59
3.78
3.45
3.43

3.66
3.67
3.65
3.38

TRUCKC RI VE RS
--------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -----------WHOLESALE TRACE ------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------

4,677
1,454
3,223
1,483
1,226
447

4.40
4.02
4.58
5.48
3.90
3.72

4.34
4.12
5.07
5.73
3.76
3.81

FILLERS --------------------

MANUFACTURING

----------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




476 1219
476 1219

13 3434
11
13 3423
15
77
21
13 3310
_

41

-

-

-

209
17
192

73
38
35

32
25
7

15
15

18
5
13

76
18
58

69
17
52

116
57
59

67
31
36

60
41
19

115
94
21

22
22
“

77
65
12

1
1
“

-

-

-

“

-

6

2

2

-

4

12

17

48

31

41

94

22

55

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
7
1

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

3

ii

36

23

i

6

-

9

-

-

648 1315
69
64
579 1251
12
9
12
83
32
52 707
486 437

417
88
329
33
15
56
149
76

304
97
207
8
2
33
132
32

176
65
111
22
15
24
27
23

253
81
172
79
20
26
37
10

180
90
90
29
8
18
12
23

228
150
78
16

349
310
39
25

53
11
42
33

4
1
3
2

49

14

156
126
30
23
~
7

169
39
130

216
135
81

276
111
165
69
46
50

333
67
266
24
36
206

71
60
11

147
98
49
1
48

151
71
80
1
56
23

428
338
90
65
20
5

33
31
2

11

202
109
93
2
16
75

87
18
69
56
10

367
29
338
323
14

131
4
127
16
111

55
33
22
10
12

130
24
106
52
54

114
70
44
4
38

571
295
276
274
2

70
35
35
19

7e
20
58
48

50
48
2

54
41
13
10

47
36
11
11

41
11
30
30

41
36
5

14
14
8
5

22
19
3
2

54
18
36
14
22

42

54
37
17

59
45
14

16

-

-

6
2
4

22

-

-

-

-

41
36

22
15

-

806
3
803

-

3

7

36
84

61
17

-

14
14
14
-

75
9
66
55
10

50
43

_

28

-

28
28

80
18
62
19

*

-

-

4.65
4.07
5.05
5.03

*

_
“

-

-

3.353.443.313.31-

3.92
4.18
3.77
3.91

_
-

-

-

-

3.603.613.555.703.102 .6 1-

5.47
4.61
5.73
5.77
5.04
5.03

-

5
-

1
1
1

59
9

7
39
39
4

1
1
1
-

“

*
-

“

1
1
-

“
66

51

24
42
-

47

42

20

*

4

6

-

-

"

4

5
5

10
“
10
6

5
2

171
68
83

1C6
106
“
65
27

-

10
10
-

-

27
47

3

133
5
128
“
119
8

37
5
2

13

“

1
47
43
4

-

-

67
34
33

55
28
27
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

125
71
54

-

-

-

87
32
55
55

79
-

13
13

79
79

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

3

33

9

54

-

135
102
33
33
"

35
35
6
29

_
-

53
11
42
34
8

2
2
-

458
458
458

25
25
25

_
-

47
46
i
*

21
3
18
-

9
-

131
131
131

-

3
3
-

5
5
-

68
28
40
35

21
11
10
6
4

8

20

1
-

2
2
-

4

36
25
11
3
7

28
19
9
3

29
26
3
3

27
14
13
13

8
6
2
2

10
9
i
-

2
2
“

18

13
12
1

4
4

ii
n

602
370
232
70
132
30

153
152
1
1

82

4

16
12
2

7

20
18
2
1

22
19
3

23
14

3

9
3

15
7
8
6

27
5
22
22

20
15
5
3

56
17
39

260
10
250

246
119
127
10
68
49

124
97
27
11

329
116
213
24
184
4

7

-

114
106
8

-

-

6

7

155
103
52
51

2

-

5
3

7

6

-

1

“

9

212
17

9

122
120
2

6

l
*

3

15
15
141
77
64
15
9

37

9

-

24
24
4

6

76
68
8
”

-

7
7
-

-

_

*

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

41
41
41

-

_
-

-

-

10
10
10

20
20
20

22
14
8
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

-

119
95
24
24
”

106

520
188
332
194
138

179
179
158
21

150 1128
150 1128
150 1128
“

-

7

93

13
13

4
4
-

-

22
T a b le A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t occupations: H o u r ly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Baltimore, Md., August 1972)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
Mean 2

M edian2

M iddle range 2

t
s
1
t
t
S
%
$
t
T
*
S
s
$
s
t
1
t
$
t
3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5.A0 5.60 5.80
Under 1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.A0 2 .60 2 .80 3.00 3.20 3.A0
and
%
and
1.60 under
1.80 2.00 2.20 2.A0 2.60 2 .80 3 .00 3.20 3 . A0 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.A0 A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.?0 5,A0 5,60 5.80 over

MEN ANO WOMEN C O M B I N E D CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS - CO NTINUED
TRUCKCRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER

$

$

75
TR UCKCRIVERS. MEDIUM

3*06

$

$

3.66

A . 16

4.64

•

*

1

J.J

42
42

35

45
r5

*
*

r
J

16
*
1^

(1-1/2 TO

rUBLlv U 1 I L 1 1 1L j

1*
1 050
392
A68
16A

o*n?
__
r ^

t

36

w
7

7

60

3.35
3.09

3.97

3.56- A.28

19
7

'1

96

31
27

55
8

‘
'lO
i
188
17

2

-

5
18

15
*

7

18

1

7

?7
26

3.03- A.11
2.6A- 3.38

3.98

224

63

26

t
tJ
3 84
5.73
3.16
3.19

1-])

32

7?
fr

7*8
1A

A2
A9

10

6

52

6

5A

237
57
180
37
132

280

182
182

5A
5A

280
280

TR UCKCRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
279

MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

* 'nni

^ ^

-

-

-

-

r*77

i * i,

K*7n

1*1,

-

i mW

3.70

5.22

3t

69

60

36
103

20
13

103

6

A7

*

20

54

6
22

36

8

18

728

16

728

292
12

15 A

77
76
1

A0

158

TRUCKCRIVERS. HEAVY (CVER A TCNS,
a

* o?

A . 39

1-2

A.03- 5.18

30

12

3

*
>
113

3 78

R A N U r A v 1UK 1nb
134
152

* All workers were at $6.20 to $6.40.
See footnotes at end of tables.




J
*

.

^nn

6

6
6

3*84

4.94

30

r\

*n

«o
q

6
5

9

4*27

3 74

A62
A35
27
20
“

15

A5

8

8

'n

77

"j

&3

16

71

A6
A2

18
18

385
385

16
16

120
120

40
137
30
107

2A
12
12

107

~

13

*7
j

88
88
6

*7

8

*

3.52- A.86

66
62

*

J

9

P
i

Til
1H A L L

l!

J
^*70

A . 66

^*13

(OTHER THAN
165

K L 1A I L

^*7'

TO*'
"ttoL L u AL L 1HAUL

TRUCKERS, POWER

3*19

1

12

21
1A
1A
“

*38
32
20

17

25

8
25

14

23
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division. Baltim ore, Md.

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
t
t
t
t
$
T
T
1 ---- ~i---- *
1 ----- i---- $
$
S
$
*
%
$
*
$
$
.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2 .AO 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 . AO 3.60 3 .80 A . 00 A . 20 A .40 A .60 A. 80 5.00 5.20

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean ^

Median^

August 1972)

Middle range *

and
nder

and

.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.AO 2 .60 2.80 3.00 3,20 3 . AO 3.60 3.80 A .00 A . 20 A.AO A .60 A .80 5.00 5.20 over
MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
GUARDS ANO WATCHMEN
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------GUARDS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

360

$
A . 04

$
A. 20

$
$
3.69- A . 39

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

A

8

182

139
-

326
2

1C3
2

66

7A
12

92
25

85
2A

1AA
33

137
77

158
80

6
23

36
18

A3
31

8
19
26

25
22
11

8
33
15

18
2A
3

72
26

29
18

16
A9

1
1
1

39
3
3o
36

AA
AA
AA

8
1
7
7

11
1
10
10

8A
35
49
A9

81
56
25
25

36
25
11
11

75
37
38
38

_

3
3
3

8
8
7

A
A
A

3
3
3

13
13
10

12A
12A
1A

111
111
111

26

16

26
26

16

11
1
10

A . 22

3.85- A . 39

-

-

3,071
830

2 .A8
3.52

2.10
3.55

1.71- 3.31
3.33- 3.66

761

129
-

2AA
32A
128

3.10
2.65
2.18

2.99
2 .A8
2.17

2.90- 3.A3
2.15- 3.21
2.05- 2.29

_
1
“

9

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANCLING -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TO RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

1, A37
978
A59
375

3.73
3.92
3.31
3.2A

3.67
3.76
3.26
3.03

3.1A3.572.A72.32-

A.28
A.30
3.68
A.61

A
A
A

_
-

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

1,088
894
778

A . 00
A . 03
A . 23

3.80
A . 81
A . 82

3.08- A . 85
2.89- A.86
3.32- A.86

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

PACKERS, ShIPPING -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

251
113
138

3.13
3.7A
2.6A

3.31
3.80
2.32

2.28- 3.83
3.58- 3.86
2.15- 2.86

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

16

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NORMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

182
69
113
101

A . 11
3.94
A . 22
A . 31

4.14
4.06
A.53
A.56

3.543.543.553.75-

4.71
4.23
5.0A
5.05

_

_

-

-

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

117
53
6A
62

4.03
3.67
A . 33
A . 35

A. 13
3. A3
A . 38
A . 38

3.283.223.8A3.86-

A.82
A.2A
5.03
5.03

-

-

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS ----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

78
56

3.6A
3.AO

3.72
3.A5

TR UC KC RI VE RS -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

1,356
872
A8A
260

A . 33
A . 38
A.2A
A . 50

A. 20
A . 22
A. 17
5.02

A . 06A . 113.853.88-

5.00
A.69
5.03
5.07

TR UCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T O N S ) ----------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

173
98
75
39

A . 05
A.AC
3.61
3.77

A . 05
A . 61
3.83
3.93

3.8AA . 053.A33.A8-

A.62
A.66
3.95
A . 11

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TG
ANC INCLUCING A TCNS) ----------NCNMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

A26
168
5A

A. 39
3.90
3.A1

A.AA
A.08
3.39

A .04— 5.0A
3.63- A.A2
2.97- 3.88

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER A TCNS,
TRAILER TYPE I --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

339
1AA
195

A . 63
A . 31
A . 88

A . 65
A . 28
5.CA

A . 26- 5.05
A . 21- A.65
5.01- 5.08

A

3.23- 3.75

See footnotes at end of tables




A.

6
1
-

-

_

-

_
_

-

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

9

12

-

-

9

16

_

3

4

3

-

-

-

4
3

3
2

-

-

-

-

C
O

321

I

13

JANITCRS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

A

_

5

8

57

31

41

13

48

31

3A7
310

1A5
126

53
11

23
1A

12
7

85
A7
38
20

78
5A
2A
23

15
12
12

55
5A
5A

4
2
2

8
6
2

2
1
1
1

~

_

1
1
“

“

65

41

94

22

55

1

-

-

1
1

120
120

7
7

-

2

_

_

*

-

33
9

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
2

_

_
-

3A5
275
70
5

21
21
-

89
89
*

109
106
3
3

46
A3
3
3

67
34
33
33

37
28
9
9

125
71
54
54

52
52
“

AO
AO
38

171
2
2

4
-

29
29
29

-

19
8
8

2
*

A58
458
A58

25
25
25

A
—

29
18
11

2
2

28
27
1

A7
A6
1

21
3
18

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

3
3
*

5
5
“

-

13
8
5
2

11
2
9
8

19
12
7
6

3

8
3
5
A

33
25

13
9

20

41

-

A
A

20
20

8
7
1

2
2

3
1

-

-

*

*

41
41

6
2
A
A

11
9
2
1

18
15
3
3

6
3
3
3

5
2
3
3

6
3
3
3

17

9
9

10

20

-

-

8

7

A

13
13

-

-

-

—

-

1
-

20
20

-

-

10
10

3
-

1
-

-

-

95
95
•
*

17
17
*

320
182
138
138

52
52
-

1
1
*

*

“

_

182
“

-

1A
1A

2
2

25
25

_

1
1

A

10

-

-

-

2
2
~

7
2
5
1

8
8
6

6
6
5

1A
1
13
4

28
9
19
9

29
1A
15
2

A2
13
29
A

90
35
55
37

AA6
3A6
ICO
30

152
151
1
“

-

*

-

2
2
*

A
4
“

1
1

1
1
“

5
5
3

6
2
4
A

7
7
6

7
1
6
A

36
5
31
9

45
32
13
13

5
5
-

“

*

-

A
2

A
1
3
3

“

“

A
3
3

i
i
i

7
7
6

5
5
5

6
6
4

15
1A
9

13
A
2

12
11
3

17
1A
10

105
A8
11

5
1

~

5A
5A
“

*

*

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

i
i

6
6

2
2

8
8

18
11
7

17
2
15

54
5A

20
6
1A

36
36
“

16
16

_

-

-

5
3

-

_
_

-

_

—

—

*

“

_

8
6
2
2

A
4

1

1

*

I
1
“

_

_
-

-

22

5
5

_

-

94

13

7A
6
68

*

21
21
21

_

138
138

21
—

21

24
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d i a l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s —la rg e e s t a b lis h m e n t s : H o u r ly e a r n in g s -----C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations in establishments employing 500 workers or m o r e by industry division, Baltimore, Md . , August 1972)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
t
1.6C 1.70
M e an 2

M ed ian2

M iddle range 2

and
under

_

$
t
*
t
S
*
1.8C 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30
_

_

_

_

_

t

2.40

t

$

J

t

* $

*

%

*

*

t

*

»

*

2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20

_

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.AO 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 over

HEN AND WOMEN C O M B I N E D —
CO NTINUED
T R U C KO RI VE RS - CONTINUED
TR UC KC RI VE RS , HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE I -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

156
150

$
4.23
4.25

$
4.31
4.32

$
$
4.07- 4.36
4.08- 4.36

TRUCKERS, POWER IFORKLI F T ) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,431
1,247
184
152

4.20
4.16
4.44
4.66

4.16
4. 14
4.93
4.94

3.883.893.494.90-

4.71
4.67
4.97
4.98

TRUCKERS, POWER tOTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

176
157

4.51
4.56

4.28
4.29

270
179

3.75
3.74

3.71
3.84

3.04- 4.56
2.92- 4.55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
36

"

-

*

"

-

_

'

67
62
5
5

* All workers we re at $ 6. 20 to $ 6. 40.
See footnotes at end of tables.




12
3
9
9

4
3
89
50
39
6

"

-

75
74
1

4
4
-

-

-

-

12
11

_

3
2

5
4

9
5

23
20

15
13

16
13

45
45

3

6

27
2

27
11

_

;

60
56

88
88

-

199
199
-

343
336
7
7

46
42
4
4

18
18
-

385
385
*

137
30
107
107

15
7

8
8

16
16

8
-

32
32

7
7

39
35

5
5

5
5

20
20

17
17

25

1

‘

3.55- 4.83
3.50- 4.89

WAREHO US EM EN -------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

3

24
12
12
12

2
2

-

_
_
-

*38
38
14
14

25
T a b le A - 6 . M a in te n a n c e , p ow erplant, custodial, and material handling occupations:
A v e r a g e hourly earnings, by sex

Average
(ir.ean2)
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division
earnings3

MAINTENANCE: AND POWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

CU STO D IAL

AND

OCCUPATIONS

CARPENTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

327
171
156
63

$
4.37
4.68
4.02
4.53

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

700
579
121

4.90
4.95
4.70

M ATER IAL
-

HAN DLING

GUARDS AND WATC HM EN

AND

OCCUPATIONS

- CONTINUED

GUARDS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

M ATER IAL
-

HAN DLING

MEN— C O N T I N U E D

TR UC KDRIVERS - CONTINUED
334

WATCHMEN
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

97

2.89

J A N I T C R S , PCRTERS, ANC CLEANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

5,609
1,079
4,530
253
82
371
706
3,118

2.23
3.22
1.99
3.04
2.49
2.49
2.26
1.77

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2,732
1,496
1,236
318
275
630

3.45
3.54
3.33
4.36
2.79
3.06

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS I ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------WHCLESALE TRACE ----------------

492
151
341
75

$
3.75
H. 16
3.57
3.06

TRUCKCRIVERS, MECIUM (1-1/2 TC
ANC INCLUDING A TCNSI ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHCLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

1,537
487
1,050
392
468
164

3.99
3.91
4.02
5.29
3.35
3.09

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NCNMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUELIC UT ILITIES --------------WHCLESALE TRADE ----------------

1,7 84
279
1,505
802
522

5.02
3.98
5.21
5.70
4.56

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHCLESALE TRACE ----------------

513
274
239
113

4.52
4.31
4.77
3.78

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHCLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

2,150
1,798
352
68
132
152

3.92
3.91
3.97
3.82
3.26
4.66

261
165

4.26
4.52

641
311
330
108

3.46
3.35
3.56
3.73

2,053
211
1,842
29
59
1,307

1.94
2.81
1.84
3.38
2.16
1.73

153
76

2.65
3.07

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

351
289
62

4.73
4.73
4.75

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

96
86

4.43
4.47

MA CH INE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

134
131

4.73
4.71

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

730
641
89

5.03
5.10
4.53

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE I ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------

1 ,081
296
785
388
75

4.79 ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------4.45
NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------4.91
WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------5.47
RETAIL TRACE -------------------4.56

2,091
601
1,490
705
778

3.72
3.57
3.78
3.29
4.23

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,842
1,651
191

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

153
153

591
235
356
287
59

3.37
3.26
3.44
3.59
2.84

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

154
111

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

417
382

461
228
233
96
125

SH EET-METAL W O R K E R S , MAINTENANCE —
MA NUFACTURING --------------------NC NMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

157
131

3.65 TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
3.48
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------3.81
MA NUFACTURING --------------------3.57
4.04 WA RE HOUSEMEN -------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------4.06
NCNMANUF AC TL RI NG ----------------3.85
RETAIL TRACE -------------------4.39
4.35

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

375
368

5.02 PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------5.00
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------5.18
WHCLESALE TRAOE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------5.35
5.35
RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------4.29
N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------4.46
WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------5.07
5.11
SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------4.80
NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------4.86
4.87
SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------4.84
NC NM AN UF AC TO RI NG ----------------WHCLESALE TRADE ---------------5.40
5.41
TRUCKC RI VE RS
-----------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TL RI NG ----------------2.31
PUELIC UT IL IT IE S --------------3.82
WHCLESALE TRACE ---------------2.10
RETAIL TRACE --------------------

CUSTODIAL and m ater ial h andling
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN
GU AR DS ANO WATCHMEN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------




See footnotes at end of tables,

30

26

3,448
431
3,017

( mean )
hourly
earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CU STO D IAL

M EN — C O N T I N U E D

-e*

Number
of
workers

*
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

selected occupations by industry division, Baltimore, Md. , August 1972)

CD

(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers

231
141
90
62
188
80
108
56
4,677
1,454
3,223
1,483
1,226
447

CU STO D IAL

AMD

M ATERIAL

H A N D L IN G

3.59
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
3.78
3.45 JANITORS, PCRTERS, ANC CLEANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------3.43
NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------4.40
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------4.02
RETAIL TRACE -------------------SERVICES ------------------------4.58
5.48
3.90 PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------3.72

26
T a b l e A - 6 a . M a in t e n a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s to d ia l, and m a te r ia l h a n d lin g o c c u p a t io n s —
la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts : A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s , by sex
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more
by industry division, Baltimore, Md., August 1972)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

A verag e

(mean2)
earnings3

MA INTENA.lCE AND PjWEkPLAUI
OC CUPATIONS - ME N— CONT IN UE D

MAINTENA NC E AND P U W t T P L A M
OC CUPATIONS - MEN
CARPENTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNMAMJFACTliR I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

233
151
82
60

$
A . 71
A . 78
A . 57
A . 53

EL ECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

537
AA1
96

5.0 0
5.0 2
A . 89

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

273
2 2A

A . 85
A . 82

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY ECILER --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

8A
7A

A .3A
A . 38

M A C H IN E- TO OL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

131
131

A . 71
A . 71

MACHINISTS, MA IN TE NA NC E ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

625
576

5 .1 5
5.1 7

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
•MAINTENANCE) -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

207
129
78
60

A .8 A
A . 93
A . 69
A . 61

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1 , AA1
1 ,3 0 8

5.1 6
5.1 5

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

153
153

5.3 5
5.3 5

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings3

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HA NDLING
OCCUPATI ONS - MEN— CONTINUED
$

115
92

A .A 7
A . 51

PIPEFITTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

A ll
382

5.0 9
5.1 1

See footnotes at end of tables.

29

A . 81

155
131

A . 87
A . 87

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

371
36 6

5 . AO
5 .A 1

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OC CUPATIONS - MEN
GUARDS ANC WATCHMEN
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

360

A.OA

320

A . 13

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANC CLEA NE RS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRACE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

2,200
723
1 , A77
219
280
69

2 .6 5
3 .5 7
2 .2 0
3 .0 5
2.7 0
2.1 7

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------RETAIL TRACE -----------

1.A 33
978
A55
372

3.7 3
3.9 2
3 .3 1
3.2A

GRCER
FILLERS ----NCNM AN UF AC TO RI NG
RETAIL TRACE —

9 79
785
778

A . 15
A . 22
A . 23

PACKERS, SHIPPING —
MANUFA CT UR IN G NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

177
102
75

3.3 8
3.7 3
2.9 1

RECEIVING CLERKS —
MANUFA CT UR IN G -NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG
RETAIL TRADE ~

180
68

112
100

A . 12
3.9 5
A . 22
A . 32

GUARDS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G

117
53
6A
62

$
A . 03
3 .6 7
A . 33
A . 35

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS ----s
N C N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MA INTENANCE —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

SHIPPING CL ER KS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------

78
56

3.6A
3 . AO

TR UC KCRIVERS
-----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,356
872
A8A
260

A . 33
A . 38
A .2 A
A . 50

TR UC KCRIVERS, LIGHT IUNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

173
98
75
39

A . 05
A.AO
3.6 1
3.7 7

TR UC KCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

A26
168
5A

A . 39
3 .9 0
3.A 1

TR UCKCRIVERS, HEAVY COVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

339
1AA
195

A . 63
A . 31
A . 88

TR UC KC RI VE RS , HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

156
150

A . 23
A . 25

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

1.A01
1,219
182
152

A . 20
A . 16
A .A 5
A . 66

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

176
157

A . 51
A . 56

WA RE HO US EM EN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------




Sex, occupation, and industry division

267
179

3.7 5
3.7A

27

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra ctice s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s

T a b l e B -1 . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
(Distribution of establishments studied in a ll industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women officew orkers, B altim ore, Md., August 1972)
Other inexperienced cle ric a l workers

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la ry 4

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

All
schedules

3712
/

All
industries
All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 6 of—
40

All
schedules

40

37V2

Establishments studied--------------------------------------------------

224

76

XXX

148

XXX

XXX

224

76

XXX

148

XXX

XXX

Establishments having a specified m inim um -----------------------

102

36

28

66

21

30

113

42

30

71

19

36

2
2
3
5
10
7
13
5
11
4
8
3
5
1

1
1
1
1
1
3
2
3
2
1
1
3

1
1
1
1

_
1
2
2
2
5

-

1
3
2
3
1
2

-

1
1
1
2
1
1
3
4
3
4
3
1
2
2

4
3
10
4
6
4
8
3
6
2
11

-

5
4
11
6
7
5
11
7
9
6
14
1
4
3

1
1
1
2

1
2

1
1
3
4
9
6
10
3
8
2
7
2
2
1

$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$ 70.00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 80.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 67.50
—
—
$ 70.00-------------------------------------------------$ 72.50___________________________________
$ 75.00-------------------------------------------------$ 77.50-------------------------------------------------$ 80.00-------------------------------------------------$ 82.50--------------------------------------------------

$ 85.00
$ 87.50
$ 90.00
$ 92.50
$ 95.00
$ 97.50

and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 87.50----- ..-----------------------------------------$ 90.00--------------- ---------------------------------$ 92.50-------- -------- --------------------------------$ 95.00-------------------------------------------------$ 97.50 --------------------------------------------------------------------$ 100.00—
—
---------- -----------------

-

2
1
3
2
-

-

-

l
3
4
5
2
1
2
4
1
1
1

-

6
-

1
-

1

-

1
2
3
3
2
1
2
1

1

1
6
1
1
2
5
2
2
1
8

-

-

-

2
1

1
-

1
1

-

4
-

and u n d e r $

3

_

_

3

-

2

2
3
2
2
1

-

-

-

1

4
1

-

3
1

1
1
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

.

1

-

5
2

4
2

1

-

1

6
2

1

-

-

-

-

1

3
4
3
2
1

2
1

_

3
5
4
3

6
2

-

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2
1

2
1

-

-

2

2
1

-

2

1
2

-

1
-

1

-

1

Establishments having no specified minimum---------------------

31

5

XXX

26

XXX

XXX

47

15

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

Establishments which did not employ w orkers
in this category

91

35

XXX

56

XXX

XXX

64

19

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

$ 100.00
$ 105.00
$ 110.00
$ 115.00
$ 120.00
$ 125.00
$ 130.00
$ 135.00
$ 140.00
$ 145.00

105.00---- — — — — ---------------- --------------------------- under $ 110.00 --------- — — ------------------------- -------------------under $ 115.00-------- ------------------------- -------- ------ --------------under $ 120.00.
_
_
_
-------under $ 125.00
under $ 130.00.
..
--------------- -------under $ 135.00 ---------------------------------------------------------------under $ 140.00 ---------------------------------------------------------------under $ 145.00 ---------------------------------------------------------------o v e r --------------------- ---- -----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
I
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

-

-

-

-

-

-




T a b le B -2 . S h ift d iffe re n tia ls
(L ate -sh ift pay provisions for manufacturing plantworkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Baltim ore, M d., August 1972)
£ A lljD la n tw o rk e r s J ri_ m a n u fa c tu rm g j= ^ 1 0 0 j3 e rc e n t)_ ^ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ > _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ ^ _ ^ _ _ ^ > ^
_
^
Percent of manufacturing plantworkers—
In establishments having provisions 7
for late shifts

Late-shift pay provision

Actually working on late shifts

Second shift

Total_____- ____ . _________________________ __

Third or other
shift

Second shift

90.8

82.4

20.9

9.5

Third or other
shift

No pay differential for work on late shift _____

2.7

2.0

0.7

0.3

Pay differential for work on late shift_________

88.1

80.4

20.2

9.2

53.8

46.1

12.3

6.4

2.0
1.1
3.0
.7
33.7
.9
1.1
1.6
.5
3.1
5.4
••
.7
-

.5
6.4
3.0
2.0
22.9
1.6
1.0
4.2
1.6
.3
1.7
.2
.7

.1
.4
.5
.1
8.1
.2
.4
.2
.1
.8
1.3
.2
-

.i
.5
.3
4.0
.3
.2
.4
.3
.1
.1

-

( 8)
( 8)

30.8

30.8

7.2

2.6

10.6
.5
5.9
1.3
12.5

5.9
"
1.3
23.6

3.0
.1
1.2
.2

.3
-

2.7

2.4

3.5

3.5

.7

.2

Type and amount of differential:
Uniform cents (per h o u r)__

____________

5 cents__________________________________
7 c en ts__________________________________
8 cents-----------------------------------------------9 cents __ _________ _
_____ _ — - —
10 cents— ------------------------- -----------------11 cents_________________________________
12 cents_________________________________
___________
1272 cents__ ___________
1334 c ent s_______________________________
/
14 cents______________________________ —
15 cents_________________________________
16 c e n t s ._______________________________
18c ent s_________________________________
20 cents_________________________________
20V5 cents_________________________ _____
24 cents_________________________________
25 or 272 s cents________________________
/
30 cents__________ ___________ — ---- ----- —
___ .
32V2 cents.. .. _______________
Uniform percen tage---------------

-

-----

5 percen t________________________________
6 percen t__ _____________ ___ __ ___ ____ _
7 percen t_______________________________
8 percen t________________________________
9 percen t________________________________
10 percent.._______________ ____________
Other form al pay differentia]__________

See footnotes at end of tables.

_

-

29

T a b l e B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u rs a nd d a y s
(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of first-sh ift w ork ers, Baltim ore, M d., August 1972)
Plantw orkers
Weekly hours and days

O fficeworkers

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

A ll w ork e rs__________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

20 hours — 5 days_________________________________
3 3 % hours— 5 days_______________________________
35 hours— 5 days_________________________________
36 V4 hours— 5 days_______________________________
3 6 % hours — 5 days_______________________________
3 7 V3 hours— 5 days_______________________________
3 7 V2 hours— 5 days_______________________________
3 7 % hours— 5 days_______________________________
38 hours— 5 days_________________________________
3 8 % hours— 5 days_______________________________
40 hours __________________________________________
5 d a y s__________________________________________
5 V2 d a y s _______________________________________
4 0 V 2 hours— 5 days_______________________________
42 hours — 5 days_________________________________
4 2 V2 hours— 5 days______________________________
4 4 h o u rs___________________________________________

1
-

2
2
3
2
1
87
87

-

-

6
8
-

5 d a y s______________________ .. ______________
5 V 2 d a ys______________________________ ________
45 h o u rs ___________________________________________________________
5 d a y s___________ ____________________________
5 V2 day 8 _____________________________________________________
47 V2 hours— 5 days____________
_________________
48 h o u rs__________ __________________________________________
5 d a y s __________________________________________ _______ __

See footnotes at end of tables.



I

3

1
-

5
1
3
80
79

1

-

i

n
2
2
(!)
( 9)
2
1
1

-

-

100
100

83
83

-

-

-

13
13
54
51
3

Public
utilities

Services

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

100

100

100

100

2
-

2

-

35
63
63

4
2
86
86
-

"
1
5
52
52
(!)
( 9)

9

68
68

4
13
82
82

Finance

Services

100

100

100

12
-

5
2
15
1
43
2
5
27
27

59

34
55
52
2

( 9)

7
-

33
33

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

3
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 9)

-

6
6

( 9)
( 9)

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 9)
( 9)

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

(*>

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

28

19
3

-

100

Retail
trade

-

1
~

1
1

-

1
7
4
( 9)

Wholesale
trade

-

-

(!)
( 9)
i

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

-

-

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

30

T a b l e B - 4 . A n n u a l p aid h o lid a y s
(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays, Baltim ore, Md., August 1972)
O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers
Item

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

76

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

24

“

"

“

“

.
-

"
8
5
5

C)

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

100

100

100

100

100

98

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------

W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays
------- _ — - - W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays— ----------------- -------

Services

All
industries

A ll
industries

100

100

100

—

2

-

-

-

2

1 holiday------------------------------------------------------------2 holidays___
—
---_ -------3 holidays__________________________________________
5 holidays
6 holidays
- ------ - —
6 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------7 holidays-----------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half days--------------------------------7 holidays plus 3 or 4 half d a y s-----------------------8 holidays—
.
.
.
. -------8 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half days—
-----------9 holidays__________________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half days--------------------------10 h olidays------------ _ --- --------------------10 holidays plus 1 or 2 half days----------------------11 h olidays--------------------------------------------------------11 holidays plus 1 half day--------------------------------12 holidays-------------- —---- ----------------------------------13 h olidays--------------------------------------------------------13 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________

1
1
(9)
1
13
1
12
1
0
(9)
14
2
(9)
37
1
(9)
7

.
2
2
13
-

.
t9)
47
19
25
-

30
9
8
12
4
28
5

2
2
2
32

-

Num ber of days

1
1
4
1
-

6
2
56
(! )
(9)
9
"
1
2
6
1
-

1
7
-

18
22
2
“
17
~
-

1
(9)
32
9
2
2
15
~
(9)
2
9
4.
-

(! )
(9)
7
2
8
1
0

(’ )
22
1
3
21
1
~
28
1
1
2
1
1

.
1
(9)
5
n
23
3

-

-

-

C)

36
1
“
17
1
1
6
3
2
-

3
3
4
4
9
9
41
41
61
70

17
19
42

4
13
15
17
32
34
43
43
75
75
75
75
76

(9)
1
2
4
5
6
34
35
59
60
83
84
91
93

.
2
5
11
12
13
30
31
67
70
94
94
99
99

1
3

-

-

.
1
59
8

.
10
5
3
9
3
n
5
13

31

35

C)
-

31
45

C)

8
1
C)
-

“
15
2
8

11

< )
’
(’ )

3
2

“
-

18
2
"
48
1
2
“
P)

(9)
1
1
1
1
32
32
40
40
99
99
100

2
2
5
5
40
40
58
58
72
81
84
90
100
100

8
10
25
25
69
69
99
99

0
(?)
()
(9)
4
4
51
53
71
71
82
82
87
92
100
100

1
21
37
18
2
11
-

Total holiday time 1
0
I 3V2 d a ys-----------------------------------------------------------13 days or m o re ______________ _____ _____________
12 days or m o r e _____ — — ------- — —---IIV 2 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------11 days or more
—
— - 10Vz days or m ore
- - ------ — —
10 days or m o r e _____ — - —
-----9V2 days or m ore----------------------------------------------9 days or m ore____ ___ _____ ___ _____________
8V2 days or m ore----------------------------------------------8 days or m ore--------------------------------------------------7V2 days or m ore.__ _________ __________________
7 days or m ore.— — — _______________ __ __ __ _
6V2 days or m ore------ --------------------------------------6 days or m ore--------------------------------------------------5 days or m ore____________________________________
3 days or m ore____________________________________
2 days or m ore--------------------------------------------------1 day or more

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
4
6
6
6
14
15
52
54
69
69
81
82
95
96
96
97
98

1
7
9
10
10
20
20
76
78
83
83

7
8
8
8
8
33
33
52
52
99
99

42

96

100

70

60

98

100

70

60

100

100

100

92

100

100

100

92

100

100

100

93

100

100

10'J

96

100

100

100

98

100
100

11
13
67
68
90
90
91
91
99
99

99

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

31

T a b le B -4 a .

Id e n tific a tio n o f m a j o r p aid h o lid a y s

(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by paid holidays, Baltim ore, M d., August 1972)
O fficeworkers

Plantworkers
Holiday

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Services

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

New Y e a r ’s Day------------------------------------------------Lincoln' s Birthday___________ ___________________
Washington's Birthday___________________________
Good F riday______ ________________________________
Good F riday, half day___________________ ______
Easter Monday____________ ____________________
M em orial Day ___________________________________
Fourth of July ___________________________________
Friday before Labor Day, half day_____________
Labor D ay_____________________ _________ ________
Defenders Day
_
___ _ .. .
Columbus Day
Veterans D a y ___________________________ ________
Thanksgiving Day_
_. _
_
Day after Thanksgiving_____ ____________________
Christmas E v e _____ ____________________________
Christmas Eve, half day____ _____________ ____
Christmas D ay____________________________________
A ll working days between Christm as Day and
New Y e a r's Eve 1 _ _____ _________ ____________
1
New Y e a r's Eve____ ________________ __________
New Y e a r 's Eve, half day_______ ____ __________ _
Floating holiday, 1 day 12_______ ______________
Floating holiday, 2 days 12___ _____________
Em ployee's bi rthday__________ ___________________

96
1
19
45
1
13
95
96
1
95
3
3
6
95
31
34
4
98

100
1
16
63
11
100
100
2
99
5
8
98
55
58
4
100

100
7
97
79
100
100
100
32
7
18
100
5
3
100

100
20
33
13
18
100
92
100
2
7
100
9
11
12
100

92
2
21
92
92
92
94
1
2
98

75
19
25
4
75
75
75
2
2
75
1
24
2
76

99
1
54
73
2
3
99
99
2
99
4
18
19
99
30
21
8
100

100
41
76
8
100
100
6
96
4
6
99
56
54
4
100

100
(9 )
99
91
100
100
100
32
(’ )
6
100
3
1
100

100
45
59
23
3
100
100
100
1
33
100
43
13
8
100

100
4
6
99
99
99
99
(’ )
(9)
2
100

100
4
68
84
100
100
100
.
56
43
100
16
4
9
100

100
40
74
3
99
100
99
2
99
53
18
38
100

4
10
1
10
13
15

7
17
(9 )
8
9
8

1
1
10
2
42

3
7
8
8
14
14

17
28
22

4
10
8
7

1
5
4
11
6
11

4
13
2
10
10
8

(?)
(9)
5
(9)
33

2
5
8
5
8

1
7
2
5

10
37
19
2

See footnotes at end of tables.




30
18
21

32

T a b l e B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t io n s
(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Baltim ore, M d., August 1972)
Plant wo rke r s
Vacation policy *
1

A ll workers.

Public
utilities

O fficeworker s

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
5

100
93
7

100
100
-

100
92
8

100
98
2

89
89
-

99
99
1

100
97
3

100
100
-

96
96
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

1

“

“

“

11

( 9)

■

4

-

■

"

13
14
3
1

14
14
2

9
23
5

21
5
5

3
14
3

9
53
11
3

12
61
11

2
32
1

4
25
5

27
9
25
(9)

42
15
35
1

49

11
1
83

-

62
2
35
( 9)

37
13
50

-

12
3

22
2
72
2
2

21

51

62
12
26

7

-

-

*

30

38

-

-

Services

A ll
industries

Manufacturing

A ll
industries

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations_______________ *.________
Length-of-tim e paym ent___________
Percentage payment_____-__________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations______ -_____________
Amount of vacation pay 1
3
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week________________
1 week________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks...
2 w eeks__ ____________________

31
3
7

7
67
15
11

1
80
4

A fter 1 year of service
Under 1 week-------------------1 week______________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 w eeks___ _________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 w eeks____________________
4 w eeks____________________

1
70
5
18
(9)
4
1

80
2
11
-

-

9
66
-

7

-

12

14

-

-

82
4

6

-

-

-

-

82
6

*

-

-

1

4

75

After 2 years of service
1 week--- -------------------- -------Over 1 and under 2 w eeks.
2 w eeks_____________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks.
3 w eeks_____________________
4 w eeks_____________________

42
5
46
1
5
1

53
8
30

6
8
77
2
6
1

4
13
72
1
10

6
8
78
2
5
1

4
13
72
1
10
1

-

5
6
72
11

36
-

64

70

-

-

-

-

49
3

9
7

3
( 9)
88
2
6

5
1
75
-

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

97
3

90

99

-

-

94
6

93
4

-

-

-

-

19

-

-

A fter 3 ye a rs of service
1 week._____ ___ ____ __ ___ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 w eeks___________ ________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 w e e k s..—______________ __
4 w eeks________ ______ ____ _

77
17

4
13
80
3

7

-

2

32

1

-

-

-

55
3

90
3
6

-

-

-

4
13
80
3

2

31

3

( 9)

-

98

1

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

97
3

90
3

99
-

94
6

93
4

-

79
2
19

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

3

-

-

-

After 4 years of service
1 week-------- -------------------------------------------- ---------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s_______________________
2 w eeks______________________________ ______________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s-------------------------------4 w e e k s__________________— --------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

77
17
7

-

-

98

-

-

56
3

-

-

1
-

90
3
6

(9 )
-

79
2
19

97
3

90
3

99

-

-

-

-

-

-

94
6

93
4

-

-

33

T a b l e B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s -----C o n t in u e d
(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Baltim ore, M d., August 1972)
Plantworker s
Vacation policy

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Officeworker s
Retail
trade

Services

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilitie s

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

Amount of vacation pay 1 — Continued
3

After 5 years of service
1 week____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks______________________
2 w eeks____________________________________ _____
Over 2 and tinder 3 w e e k s. ___________________
3 w e e k s____ _____________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s______________________
4 w eeks___________________________________________

2
1
77
3
15
(9)
1

_
i
81
3
14
1

_
71
15
5
2
7

_
3
75
5
17
-

1
1
74
24
-

16
68
3
2
-

( 9)
( 9)
76
3
20
-

_
71
( 9)
28
-

_
97
3
1
-

_
52
1
43
-

i
i
89
10
-

_
_
83
7
10
-

2
45
4
49
-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

1
11
9
70
2
5
( 9)

_
8
13
73
1
5
-

_
77
15
7
2

_
26
15
45
3
11
-

1
13
81
6
-

14
37
12
24
2
-

( 9)
8
2
81
3
6
-

_
7
3
79
2
8
1

_
97
3
(9)

_
18
1
38
3
36
-

1
16
83
-

_
8
86
6
-

-

-

1
7
6
85
1
-

1
10
8
72
2
5
( 9)

_
8
11
76
1
5
*

77
15
7
2

_
14
22
51
3
11

1
13
81
6
“

14
29
12
32
2
“

( 9)
6
1
83
3
6
-

_
7
81
3
9
"

_
97
3
( 9)

_
16
3
38
3
36
"

1
16
83
-

3
91
6
-

1
7
6
86
1
-

1
6
68
4
18
1
1

_
3
75
7
14
1

70
14
17
“

_
10
64
27
-

1
11
55
32
"

14
20
50
3
3
-

( 9)
3
76
3
17
n
( 9)

_
1
72
2
24
1

_
94
4
3
“

_
10
36
50
-

1
13
81
5
_

_
1
89
6
4
-

1
3
53
4
40
-

1
6
35
4
48
2
3
1

2
43
7
43
1
3
1

1
10
29

14
20
34

A fter 10 years of service
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eeks__________________ ______________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s______________________
3 w e e k s___________________________ ______________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s______________________
4 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks________ ___ __________
After 12 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w e e k s___________ ______________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s______________________
3 weeks __________________________________ ______
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s_____________________
4 w eeks___________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s______________________

_

-

After 15 years of service
1 week______________________________________ ____
2 w e e k s___________________________________________
3 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s______________________
4 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s______________________
5 w e e k s______________________ _____ ______________

"

"

A fter 20 years of service
1 week____________________________________________
2 w eeks__________________________________ — —
3 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s______________________
4 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks _____________________
5 w e e k s___________________________________________
6 w e e k s___________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




_

3
-

73
17
7

-

10
32
-

-

51

60

-

-

19
3

8

-

-

-

( 9)
2
23
2
65
1
6
( 9)

_
(9)
25
2
65
-

7
1

_
1

_
10
17

1
9
23

-

-

-

95
3
1

30

67

-

-

39

-

_
1
33
6
58
2

1
2
22
-

71
4
-

34

T a b l e B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d
(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Baltim ore, M d., August 1972)
Plantw orkers
Vacation policy

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

O fficeworker s
Retail
trade

Services

i
10
29
31
30
-

14
20
34
19
3
-

-

-

1
10
29

14
20
34

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

_

_

Whole sale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

Amount of vacation pay 1 ----Continued
3

After 25 ye a rs of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w e e k s___________________________________________
3 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eeks_________________________ ________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s______________________
5 w e e k s___________________________________________
6 w e e k s__ _________________________________________
Over 6 weeks------------ --------------------------------------

_

i
6
21
2
47
2
20
1

2
17
3
62
1
14
1

1
6
21
2
42
2
24
(’ )
1

2
17
3
54
1
21
1
1

1
6
21
2
42
2
24
( 9)
1

2
17
3
54
1
21
1
1

_

2
25
17
57
-

_

10
21
8
41
20
-

-

( 9)
2
13
57
3
24
n
(’ )

( 9)
15
62
1
20
(!)
( 9)

i
28
3
68
-

_

10
17
27
39
3
-

i
9
23
35
32
"

.

i
ii
75
6
6
-

i
2
22
70
4
( 9)
-

-

-

1
11

1
2
22

After 30 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 weeks __________________ _________________________
3 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s----------------------------4 weeks _ --------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s------------------------- 5 w e e k s___________________________________________
6 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 6 weeks_____________________________________

_

-

-

2

10
21
8
41

-

25
17
57
-

-

31

-

19
3

-

-

20
-

30
-

-

-

-

2
25
17
57
-

10
21
8
41

1
10
29
31
30
-

14
20
34
19
3
"

-

(’ )
2
13
53
2
28
1
( 9)

-

_

-

(9)
15

1

10
17

-

52

-

32
1
( 9)

28
3
68
-

_

( 9)
15
52

-

1
9
23

-

-

27

35

-

-

39
3

32
"

-

-

-

10
17
27
~
39
3

1
9
23
35
32

-

-

75
6
7
"

70
4
( 9)
-

1
11

1
2
22
70
4
( 9)
-

Maximum vacation available
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w eeks___________________________________________
3 w e e k s________________________ ___________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s------------------------------4 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w e e k s___________________________________________
6 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 6 weeks_____________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




_

-

20
-

(9)
2
13
53
2
28
1
(9)

-

32
1
( 9)

1
28
3
68
-

73
6
9
(’ )

35

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Baltim ore, Md., August 1972)
Plantworkers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
4

A ll
industries

O fficeworkers

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Services

A ll
industries

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Services

A ll w ork ers_______________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below__________

98

100

100

100

99

71

99

100

100

100

99

100

98

95
77

98
84

100

93
85

97
70

60
51

99
68

99
78

100

75

69

97
80

99
50

99
59

98
73

57
45

56
47

68
68

82
75

50
26

51
40

65
46

61
53

65
65

55
39

62
16

69
37

83
59

91

99

80

97

92

44

90

99

100

91

95

81

70

75
63

87
78

55
55

81
73

68

39
33

50
41

67
57

44
44

33
29

60

45

22

36
31

57
42

20

11

62

43

24

15

68

71

99

76

28

61

57

16

11

a

1

38

3

9

15

39

3

4

26

29
25
99
87
99
87
93
80
70
61

20

52
39
94
64
94
64
91
63
92
54
5

52
38
99
83
99
83
98
81

54
32

63
54
84
27
84
26
83
25
93
19

L ife insurance______
_____________________
Non contributory plans------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance _________________________________
Non contributory plans___________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 15______________________
Sickness and accident insurance _______
Noncontributory plans________________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod )_____________ _ _______
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)_________________________
Long-term disability insurance------ -----Non contributory plans___________________
Hospitalization insurance----------- ---------Noncontributory plans___________________
Surgical insurance_________________________
Noncontributory plans___________________
Medical insurance________
___
______
Non contributory plans__ _______________
Major medical insurance— --------------------Non contributory plans___________________
Dental insurance___ ________________________
Non contributory plans___________________
Retirement pension_________________________
Noncontributory plans___________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




20

94
77
93
76
86

71
66

53
7
7

1
1

88

95

80

88

53
50
100
100
100
100

98
98
98
97
30
30
84
84

38
20
100
68
100
68

97
68

81
57
14
10

85
71

11
2

87
57
87
57
78
54
53
25
16
14
94
80

16
63
45
54
36
51
34
38
25
1
1

37
25

2
88

77

(9)
60
59

88

100
100
100
100
100
100
100

62
4
3
96
85

99
3
3
76
76

66

4

52
98
46
98
46
90
44
91
40
19

91
37
91
37
76
33
72
14
4

6

2

91
76

94
51

2

88

52
88

52
86

51
99
48
6

81
80

1
1

92
71

36

F o o tn o te s
A l l o f th e s e

s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than th e r a te show n; h a lf r e c e i v e le s s than th e r a te show n.
T h e m id d le
ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
4 T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s th at a r e p a id fo r s ta n d a rd
w o rk w eek s.
5 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7 In c lu d e s a ll p la r itw o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r la te
s h ifts , e v e n th ou gh th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
1 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a y s that add to the s a m e am ount a r e
0
c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a
to ta l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 9 fu ll d ays and no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s
th en w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 T h e s e d a y s a r e p r o v id e d as p a r t o f a C h r is t m a s —N e w Y e a r h o lid a y p e r io d w h ic h t y p ic a lly b e g in s w ith C h r is t m a s E v e and ends w ith
1
N e w Y e a r 's D ay. Such a h o lid a y p e r io d is c o m m o n in the a u to m o b ile , a e r o s p a c e , and fa r m im p le m e n t in d u s tr ie s .
B ecau se of y e a r - to - y e a r
v a r ia t io n in th e n u m b e r o f w o r k d a y s d u rin g th e p e r io d , p a y f o r a Sunday in D e c e m b e r , fr e q u e n tly r e f e r r e d to as a "b on u s h o l i d a y , " m a y be
p r o v id e d to e q u a liz e e a c h y e a r 's t o t a l h o lid a y p a y .
1 " F l o a t i n g " h o lid a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r o r e m p lo y e e c h o ic e .
2
1 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than " le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t
3
tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as
c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e
a r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y and d o not
n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n ; f o r e x a m p le , c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r tio n s at 10 y e a r s in c lu d e c h a n ge s b e tw e e n 5 and 10
y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le f o r at le a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e l i g i b l e fo r at le a s t 3
w e e k s ' pay a fte r fe w e r y e a rs of s e r v ic e .
1 E s tim a te s lis t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e fit a r e fo r a ll p lan s fo r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r . "N o n c o n tr ib u to r y
4
p la n s " in c lu d e on ly th o s e fin a n c e d e n t ir e ly b y th e e m p lo y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e le g a l l y r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
15 U n d u p lic a te d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e or s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k l e a v e p lan s a r e
lim it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a y th at e a c h e m p lo y e e can e x p e c t.
I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, inter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Perform s one or m ore accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term.s
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerica lly processing com­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more
class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK, FILE
F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Classifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
matter files. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.
Class B . Sorts, codes, and files
ings or partly classified m aterial by
cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
wards m aterial. May perform related

unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
locates clearly identified material in files and fo r ­
clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Class C . Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards ma­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o( customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PA Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has (1) discontinued collecting data for Comptometer operators, (2) changed
the electronics technicians classification from a single level to a three level job, and (3) begun collecting data for warehousemen.

37

38
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

Operates a keypunch machine to record or ve rify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.

N O TE: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p er­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate office rs" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting proce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be
keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasign may also perform some routine
keypunch work.
May train inexperienced keypunch operators.

Class A
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
ail, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or *
1

Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or missing information.

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate office r level, of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B

MESSENGER (O ffice Boy or G irl)
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor clerica l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

Assigned as personal secretary, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerica l and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the following:

3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial rela ­
tions, etc.) c>r a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of officia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or

a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquires, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;

5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.

SECRETARY

b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays m essages from supervisor to subordinates;

Class C

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the
supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational
unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organiza­
tional segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.

Perform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerica l and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary " possess the above characteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:

Class D
1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); 0£
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER

a.

Positions

which do not meet the "personal"

secretary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
managerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or
substantially m ore complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;

Prim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May
also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe
from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine
Operator, General).
N O TE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally
works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs m ore
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of
secretarial work.




Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records,
or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.

39
STENO G R APH ER — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER AT O R (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, proce­
dures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and
responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports,
memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform limited telephone information service. ("L im ited " telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who
assist customers in placing calls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerical work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
preter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate
EAM equipment.

Class A . Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences o f long and
complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prewired boards.
Class B. Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of la rger and m ore complex reports. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TY P IS T
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Typing material in final form when
it involves combining material from several sources: or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard
tabulations: or copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet
special conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or programer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.
For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new programs required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In common erro r situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
programed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs
with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in
running routine programs. Usually has received some formal training in computer operation.
May assist higher level operator on complex programs.

Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minimize downtime;
the programs are of complex design so that identification of erro r source often requires a
working knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level operators.

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing

Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the programer develops the precise in­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation




40
C O M PU T E R PR O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— Continued

of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing employees, or program ers prim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problem s.
For wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on qomplex problems which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level program ers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
programs, or on simple segments of complex program s. Program s (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A ) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level program er by independently p e r­
forming less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to ve rify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LY ST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall
operations. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and programing should be clas­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes,

systems analysts are classified as follows:

Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problem s are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (F or example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued

every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
rela tively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problem s are of lim ited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications o f the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment o f a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for
class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with
instructions, and to insure proper alinement with the o verall system.
Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required fo r systems analysis work. For example,
may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect o f each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by low er level draftsmen.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregu lar shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s. Work is closely supervised
during progress.
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by perform ing one
or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting,
modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical application of technical knowledge
of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required
operating condition.

41
E L E C T R O N IC S T EC H NIC IAN— Continued

E L E C T R O N IC S T EC H N IC IAN — Continued

The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition
of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not lim ited to, the following: (a) Electronic trans­
mitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational
aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as common
office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemblers and testers; work­
ers whose prim ary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have adminis­
trative or supervisory responsibility; and draftsmen, designers, and professional engineers.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems
(i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers' manuals or
sim ilar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include
location and density of circuitry, electro-m agnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the interrelation­
ships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in perform ing such tasks as making circuit
analyses, calculating wave form s, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using
complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q -m eters, deviation m eters, pulse
generators).
Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general
compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e.,
those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers' manuals or
sim ilar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with
the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician,
and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments.
May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in
working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all
procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by
perform ing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings;
repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g.,
multim eters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be
fam iliar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired
through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that
worker can advance to higher level technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician.
Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments
are involved.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and ca rry ­
ing-out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREM AN, STATIO N ARY BOILER

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions: using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments: mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work: and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
trical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers,
motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trotible in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.




H ELPER, M AINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by workers on a full-tim e basis.
MACH INE-TO O L OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f m etal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's

42
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

PA IN TER , MAINTENANCE

handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work
normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following; Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble: dis­
assembling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various
assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of tne automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles in auto­
mobile repair shops.
MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following; Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLW RIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work normally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems are excluded.
SH E E T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMEN
Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or fo rce where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of employees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illega l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fix ­
tures or trimmings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.




LABORER, M A TE R IA L HANDLING
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to fillin g orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing o rd e rs , requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

43
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to ve rify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER— Continued
follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra c to r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV 2 tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
TRUCKER, POWER
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking fo r shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

F or wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

WAREHOUSEMAN

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

As directed, perform s a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding
of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying materials
(or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious
damages; routing m aterials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m aterials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of
stored m aterials; examining stored m aterials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing
m aterial from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in
perform ing warehousing duties.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.




Exclude workers whose prim ary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping
and receiving clerk and packer, shipping), order fillin g (see order fille r ), or operating power
trucks (see trucker, power).

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
w i l l be a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile su p p lies la s t f r o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the b ack c o v e r .
A la m o g o r d o — a s C ru c e s , N . M e x .
L
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A m a r illo , T e x .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u gu sta, G a.— C.
S.
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp o rt, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r id g e p o r t, N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C ed ar R a p id s , Iowa
C ham paign—U rb ana, 111.
C h a rle sto n , S.C .
C la r k s v ille , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo ra d o S p r in g s , C olo.
C olu m b ia, S.C .
C olu m bu s, G a —A la .
C orpu s C h r is t i, T e x .
C ra n e , IndDothan, A la .

Laredo, T ex.
Las V ega s, N ev.
L o w e r E a s te rn S h o re , M d —V a.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E sca n ab a, Sault Ste.
M a r ie , M ic h .
M e lb o u rn e —T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la .
(B r e v a r d C o.)
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean , and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille , T enn.
N o r th e a s te r n M ain e
N o r w ic h — roton— e w Lon d on, Conn.
G
N
O gden, Utah
O rla n d o , F la .
O xnard— im i V a lle y —V e n tu ra , C a lif.
S
Panam a C ity , F la .
P o rts m o u th , N .H —M a in e — a s s .
M
P u e b lo , C olo.
R en o, N e v .
S a cra m e n to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a ra —
Santa M a r ia —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Sherm an—D en ison , T e x .
S h re v e p o r t, L a .
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s —Conn.
H
T op e k a , K ans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —F a ir f ie ld — a p a , C a lif.
N
W ilm in g to n , D e l—N .J^ -M d .
Y u m a, A r i z .

D uluth— uperior , M in n.— is.
S
W
E l Paso, T ex.
E ugene— p r in g fie ld , O re g .
S
F a r g o — o o rh e a d , N . Dak.— inn.
M
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N. C.
F itc h b u rg —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rs to w n , M d .—P a .—W . V a.
H
F r e s n o , C a lif.
G rand F o r k s , N . Dak.
Grand Island — a s tin g s , N e b r .
H
G re e n b o ro — in ston S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.
R e p o rts fo r the fo llo w in g

s u rv e y s conducted in the p r io r y e a r but sin ce d iscon tin u ed a re a ls o a v a ila b le :

A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A u s tin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith , A r k —O kla.
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
*

C op ies o f pu b lic r e le a s e s a r e or

E xpanded to an a r e a w age s u rv e y in f is c a l y e a r

1973.

L e x in g to n , K y . *
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
W ic h ita F a lls , T e x .
See in s id e b ack c o v e r .

T he tw e lfth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accoun tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accou n tan ts, a tto r n e y s , job a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f p e rs o n n e l, b u y e r s , c h e m is ts ,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1742, N a tio n a l S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e ,
T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a cop y, f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the bach c o v e r , or fr o m the
Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U-S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ash in gton , D .C ., 20402.




☆U.S.

GOVERNMENT

PRINTING

OFFICE:

1973—

746-188/53

A rea W age

Surveys

A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of a rea wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of L a b o r is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the B L S
regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.

Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1------------------------------------------Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1972--------------Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1972 1____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972 1 __
Atlanta, Ga., May 1972 1_______________________________
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1972 1___________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1972______
Binghamton, N.Y., July 1972__________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1972_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971__________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1972 1____________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1971_______________________________
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971_ _________________________
_
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1______________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1972 1 ______________________
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1972 * ___________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1972 1__________________
Chicago, 1 1 June 1972________________________________
1 .,
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972__________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1972 1__________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971_____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1971________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa— 1 ., Feb. 1972 1—
11
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1__r ________ _________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1971 1_____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1 _________________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1972_____________________________
Durham, N.C., Apr. 1972 1_____________________________
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1972 1_____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1971___________________________
Green Bay, Wis., July 1972 1__________________________
Greenville, S.C., May 1972____________________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1972______________________________
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1972 1 __________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971___________________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1971_________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1971___________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1972 1________
Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1972 1______
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1972_____________________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1972 1____________________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1972 1_________________________
Memphis, Term.—
Ark., Nov. 1971 1____________________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1971________________________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jam31972 1 ________________
l

Bulletin number
and price
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40
30
35
35
45

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1775-13,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1775-15,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

30
45
30
30
75
45
25
35
35
35
55
70
35
75
30
35
35
35
35
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1725-81,

35
30
55
30
35
35
30
30
30
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1775-2,

55 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,

45
35
35
55
35
30
30

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Area
Milwaukee, Wis., May 1972 1-------------------------------------Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1 ______________
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1 ______
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1 _____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1_________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1972___________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1972 1
___________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1972_______________________
Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa, Sept. 1971 1_______________________
Patersorr—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1972 1__________
Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., Nov. 1971 1____________________
Phoenix, A riz., June 1972 1____________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1972_____ ________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1___________________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 ____________________
Poughkeepsie^Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .,

Bulletin number
and price
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45
50
35
50
35
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30
45
35
40
50
55
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

P rovidence—
Warwick— awtucket, R. I.—
P
Mas s.,
Ralefgh, N.C., Aug. 1972_______________________________ 1775-7,
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1972 1 ____________________________ 1725-72,
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1972_
_
Rockford, 1 1 June 1972 1 _____________________________
1 .,
St. Louis, Mo.— 1., Mar. 1972_________________________
11
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971________________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1972___________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1971 1__________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1----------------San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1972____________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1972 1 ----------------------------------------Scranton, Pa., July 1972-------------------------------------------Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1972_____________________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971_________________________
South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 ___________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1____________________________
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1972-----------------------------------------Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1972----------------------Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr. 1972 1 _______________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1972 1____________________________
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1972___________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Mar. 1972 1 _______________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972 1 ________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_______________ ______________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1972 1____________________________
Worcester, Mass., May 1972 1_________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 19721 _________________________________
Youngstowrr-Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1________________

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30
45
35
35
30
30
35
50
30
35
45
30
25
35
35
45
45
35
55
45
70
35
30
35
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

MAIL

BUREAU O F LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
W A SH INGTO N , D.C. 20212
O FFIC IA L BUSIN ESS
PEN A LTY FOR PR IVATE USE $300

P O S TA G E AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G I O N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JF K Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wanker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region VI
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
California
Oregon
Hawaii
Washington
Nevada





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102