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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Syracuse, New York, Metropolitan Area,
July 1972
Bulletin 1775-11




e

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
„ Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
This bulletin provides results of a July 1972 survey of occupational
earnings in the Syracuse, New York, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area
(Madison, Onondaga, and Oswego Counties), The survey was made as part of the
Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey program. The program is
designed to yield data for individual metropolitan areas, as well as national and
regional estimates for all Standard Metropolitan Areas in the United States,
excluding Alaska and Hawaii, (as defined by the U.S. Office of Management and
Budget through November 1971).
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to
describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through
the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program de­
velops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and
salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant
location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make
wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program. (See list of areas on
inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings data are collected
annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage bene­
fits, collected every second year in the past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed,
two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each
metropolitan area surveyed. The second summary bulletin presents national and
regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data.
The Syracuse survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in
New York, N .Y., under the general direction of Alvin I. Margulis, Assistant
Regional Director for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished
without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided
the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to
express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

N o te :
Also available for the Syracuse area are listings of union wage rates
for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local
truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these
are available from the Bureau's regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-11
December 1972

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR, James D. Hodgson, Secretary
B U R EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S , Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

Syracuse, New York, Metropolitan Area, July 1972
CONTENTS
Page

2 Introduction
5 Wage trends for selected occupational groups
Tables:
4

6
7
9
9
10
11

1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
Percents of increase in earnings for selected occupational groups for selected periods

A. Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average weekly earnings, by sex
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly earnings

14 Appendix. Occupational descriptions




For tale by the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 45 cents

1

In tro d u c tio n
This area is 1 of 96 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
on an areawide basis annually.1 Field representatives, in personal
visits to establishments in the area, collect employment, earnings,
establishment practices, and related benefits information every third
year. In each of the intervening years, information on employment
and earnings is collected by mail questionnaires from establishments
participating in the previous survey. This bulletin presents the results
of the latter type survey.

(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study are
listed and described in the appendix. Unless otherwise indicated, the
earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or
for some industry divisions within occupations, are not presented in
the A -series tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there
is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Earnings
data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all
industries combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included
in the overall classification when a subclassification of secretaries
or truckdrivers is not shown or information to subclassify is not
available.

In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule.
Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are ex­
cluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive earnings are in­
cluded. Where weekly hours are reported, as for office clerical occu­
pations, reference is to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest
half hour) for which employees receive their regular straight-time
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium
rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded
to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sam­
pling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments
within the scope of an individual area survey by in d u s tr y and n u m b e r
of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is
selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of
selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data
are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its proba­
bility of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. For ex­
ample, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a
weight of four to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the
same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classifi­
cation if data are not available for the original sample member. If
no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a
sample member that is similar to the missing unit.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The aver­
ages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employ­
ment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed by
high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may ad­
vance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though most establishments in an area increase wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2,
are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the
groups.

1 Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y.; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration o f the U. S. Department o f Labor.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. In­
dustries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and
thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay aver­
ages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in
individual establishments.

Occupations and Earnings




2

3
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupa­
tions should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes
within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to
differences include progression within established rate ranges, since
only the rates paid incumbents are collected, and performance of spe­
cific duties within the general s-urvey job descriptions. Job descrip­
tions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more
generalized than those used in individual establishments and allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments
differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample




of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative impor­
tance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure
do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations, collected every 2 years
in the past, is now collected every 3 years. These tabulations on
minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced women officeworker s ;
shift differentials; scheduled workweek; paid holidays; paid vacations;
and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series
tables) in previous bulletins for this area.

4




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in S y r a c u s e , N .Y .,1
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n / J u ly 1 9 7 2
M inim um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h m ents in s co p e
o f study

Industry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s ________________________ _____ ___
M an u factu rin g_______ ____________________________
N onm anufacturing
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
___
__ _ __
o th er pu b lic u t ilitie s 5
W h o le s a le tra d e 6
R e ta il trad e 6
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and re a l esta te 6 ______
S e r v ic e s 6 7

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f study*

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

_

400

110

9 2 ,5 9 8

100

59, 863

50

147
253

39
71

5 3 ,4 8 1
3 9 ,1 1 7

58
42

3 7 ,3 3 2
2 2 ,5 3 1

50
50
50
50
50

27
59
81
41
45

13
10
17
10
21

9, 277
5, 620
1 3 ,3 7 0
6, 257
4 ,5 9 3

10
6
14
7
5

8, 155
1 ,7 5 7
6, 183
3,5 2 1
2 ,9 1 5

1 The S y r a c u s e Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a , as d efin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and Budget through N ov em b er 1971. c o n s is t s o f
M adison* O nondaga, and O sw e g o C o u n tie s . The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n
o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n
w ith oth er e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r levels sin c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f establishm ent
data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such
in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a re a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f
data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to
m e r it s e p a r a te stu dy, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individ ual e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and pa rk in g ; m otion p ic t u r e s ; n on p rofit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

In du strial c o m p o s it io n in m an u factu rin g
A lm o s t th r e e -fift h s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the S y r a c u s e area
w e re e m p lo y e d in m an u factu rin g f ir m s .
T he fo llo w in g p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u stry grou ps
and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e rce n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g:
S p e c ific in d u strie s

Industry grou p s
E l e c t r ic a l equipm ent and
s u p p lie s ____________________
29
M a c h in e r y , e x ce p t e l e c t r i c a l ___ 18
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d p r o d u c ts __ 8
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s t r ie s ______
8
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _______

7

F o o d and kindred p r o d u c t s _____
P a p e r and a llie d p r o d u c t s ______

6
5

C o m m u n ica tio n equipm ent____ 2 1
S e r v ic e industry
m a c h in e s _______
11
M o to r v e h ic le s and
e q u ip m e n t____________ ____ ___
7
E le c t r ic lighting and w irin g
equi pm e n t
_____ ___ ___
6

T h is in fo rm a tio n is based on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p loym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to actual s u r v e y .
d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u rv e y as show n in table 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
Presented in table 2 are indexes1 and percents of change in
average weekly salaries of office clerical workers and industrial
nurses, and in average hourly earnings of selected plantworker groups.
The indexes are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a
percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the
index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index. The percents of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These compu­
tations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant
rate between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in
averages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

The index is a measure of wages at a given time and is ex­
pressed as a percent of wages in the base year. The base year is
assigned the value of 100 percent. The index is computed by multi­
plying the base year relative (100 percent) by the relative (the percent
change plus 100 percent) for the next succeeding year and then con­
tinuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the previous
year's index.

For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plantworker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percents are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.

Method of Computing
Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group is assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group;
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

O ffice clerical (men and
wom en)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u la tin g-m a ch in e operators,

class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Limitations of Data

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters

The indexes and percents of change, as measures of change
in area averages, are influenced by; (1) General salary and wage
changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by individual
workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average wages due
to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turnover, force
expansions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of work­
ers employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in
the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable that even
though all establishments in an area gave wage increases, average
wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments entered
the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages may have
remained relatively constant, yet averages for an area may have risen
considerably because higher-paying establishments entered the area.

Pipefitters

Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation are multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group are totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years are
related by subtracting the aggregate for the earlier year from the
aggregate for the later year and dividing the remainder by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The result times 100 shows the percent
of change.

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percents of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data are adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percents of change any significant effect caused by
changes in the scope of the survey.

1 Indexes of earnings referred to in this standard text are published for most areas but not in
Syracuse because the area was not surveyed in the base year of the index series.




5




T a b le 2 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e in e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
M anufacturin g

A ll in d u s tr ie s
W eek ly e a rn in gs
P e r io d

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

In d u stria l
n u rs e s
(m en and
w om en)

H o u rly e arn in gs
Skilled
m ain ten an ce
tra d e s
(m en)

U nskilled
plantw ork ers
(m en)

W e e k ly earn in gs
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

H ou rly e a rn in g s

In d u stria l
n u rs es
(m en and
w om en)

Skilled
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U n sk illed
plan tw ork ers
(m en)

7.5
6.6
9.1
7.7

5-3
7.2
7.7
7.3

6.5
8.0
7.3
7.8

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
July
July
Julv
July

1968
1969
1970
1971

to
to
to
to

July
July
Julv
July

196 9___________________ ______
197 0___________________________
1971
.
. _ ......
1972 _

5.8
6.3
7.5
5.8

7.5
7.4
9.0
7.6

4.7
7.3
8.2
7.0

7.5
7.5
7.2
6.8

5.0
6.2
7.3
7.5

7

A. Occupational earnings
T a b le A -1. O ffic e o ccupations: W e e k ly e arn in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number o f w o rk e rs re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

M E N A ND

(standard'

*

*

75

80

90

10 0

110

12 0

130

1*0

150

160

170

1 80

190

20 0

210

220

2 30

2*0

75___ 80

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workeis

90

10 0

11 0

12 0

13 0

1* 0

150

160

170

180

19 0

200

2 10

220

230

2* 0

2 5 0 over

20
6
1*

50
16
3*

32

12
20

62
17
*5

38
29
9

55
*7
8

19
15

1*
13

-

»

Average
weekly

U nder
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

*
70

(

$

70

$

$

»

*

$

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*
250

and
under

WUMfcN C O M B I N E D

BILLERS. MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE I -----------------------

27

38.5

$
91.00

$
$
80 .0 0- 10 5. 00

1

3*

39.0 102.00 112.50

85.00-118.00

-

1

-

-

-

-

$
90.50

2

*

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

329
157
172

39.0 135.50 13*.00 116.00-151.50
*0.0 1*9.00 1*8.00 131.00-156.50
38.0 123.00 12*.00 109.00-136.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

31*
108
206

39.5 10*.00 10*.00 93 .5 0- 11 3. 00
*0.0 116.00 11*.50 107.00-123.50
39.0
98.00
98.50 88.00-106.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ---------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

109
88

38.5
38.0

9*. 00
92.50

91.50
89.00

85.00- 98.00
83.50- 95.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ---------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

98
90

36.5
36.5

81.00
80.00

81.00
80.50

75.00- 90.00
7*.50- 8*.50

2

33

2

29

*9
*9

51
*
*7

6
6

**

*0

2*
2*

20
20

30
30

*
4

20

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

2

13

-

2

-

“
“

13

*

101
36
65

56
35
21

39.5 127.50 119.00 10*.00-1*7.50
39.5 13*.50 12*.50 116.50-153.00

-

-

•

325
152
173

39.0 128.50 127.50 115.50-1*2.50
*0.0 128.00 127.00 119.50-135.50
38.0 128.50 129.50 111.00-1*6.00

-

-

-

-

-

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------

303
87
216

38.5 105.50 102.00 93.5 0- 11 7. 00
*0.0 113.50 107.00 102.00-119.00
38.0 102.50
97.50 92 .0 0- 11 6. 50

-

-

_

-

*

ME SSENGERS (OFFICE B0YSI --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

109
*3
66

38.5
*0.0
37.0

86.00-101.50
86.50-107.50
85.50-101.00

1
1

3
3
“

*
2
2

SECRET AR IE S -----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----- --- --N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------

1,179
637
5*2

39.0 1**.00 1*1.00 125.50-15*.50
*0.0 1*5.00 1*3.50 135.00-153.00
38.0 1*2.50 136.50 112.00-171.00

-

1
1

1

81

-

21

100
2*

1

60

76

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N H A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------

90
53
37

38.5 169.50 158.00 1**.00-182.00
*0.0 161.50 160.00 151.00-179.50
37.0 181.00 150.00 1*2.00-2*5.00

_
-

39.0 152.50 152.50 1*3.00-163.00
*0.0 150.50 152.00 1*5.50-156.00
37.0 157.00 153.00 139.00-189.00

-

89
68

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

276
172
10*

92.50
95.50
91.00

89.50
90.00
89.50

* W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 4 at $250 to $260; and 5 at $260 to $270.
See footnotes at end o f tables




-

1

l

-

1

-

1

22

20
3*
3
31
23
23
50
17
33

65
37
28

83
62
21

**
2*
20

68
20
*8

11
*
7

7
2
5

5

-

111
11
100

61
*3
18

53

*0

-

10

-

-

2

2

1*

11
29

-3
-

-

—
- O

2
-

20

20

9

*
16

11

39

7

1
1

6

1
1

175
125
50

167
117
50

55
36
19

17
15

5
3

2

2

110

32
23
9

-

5

-

1

2

-

1

-

3
126
76
50

216
172
**

-

21

-

5
16

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

1

6

-

-

1
1

3

1*

*
-

-

-

2
2

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----

-

3
-

1

20
12

-

*0.0 10*.00 105.50 91.00- 11 6. 50
40.0 109.00 109.00 103.00-119.00
39.5
95.00
85.00 81.50-103.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

2
1

-

3
3

23

“

107
69
38

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------

3
3

1

19
*
15

2*
22

2

29
22
7

79
31

36

21
15

61
7
5*
3
3

17

1
16

1
1

10
1

8
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e occu p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s — C o n tin u ed
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., Ju ly 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workere

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
t

Average
weekly

*

[standard)

Mean ^

Median 2

Middle ranged

U nder
S

70

M E N A ND

SE CR ET AR IE S

75

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

75

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

80

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250 o v e r

1
1

5
5

13
4
9

2
2

46
14
32

148
126
22

76
66
10

19
11
8

4
4

9
6
3

21

-

30
4
26

39
39

61
11
50

79
20
59

52
36
16

54
40
14

49
32
17

21
12
9

14
10
4

23
1
22

56
16
40

35
3
32

27
7
20

4

8

2

-

13

4

8

2

-

13
13
9
4

10
2
8

9
9

-

70

WOMEN COMBINED —
CONTINUED

- C0NTINUE0

SECRETARIES. CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

396
250
146

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

$
1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 5 1 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 8 8 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

417
162
255

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 4 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 4 8 .5 0

_

1

-

-

_
-

-

1

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

152
26
126

3 7 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

-

_
-

_
-

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

581
403
178

-

-

-

8
2
6

16
13
3

60
58
2

148
131
17

164
119
45

70
44
26

87
24
63

SW ITCHBOARD OP ERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

62
52

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0

-

2
2

5
5

15
15

5
5

7
3

10
5

1
1

11
11

I

SW IT CH BO AR D OP ER AT 0R -R EC EP TI 0N IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

138
57
81

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

3

2
-

-

3

2

13
6
7

17
6
ii

39
15
24

36
19
17

7
5
2

2
1
1

-

~

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------

33

3 8 .5

1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0

-

-

-

8

7

4

3

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------

59

3 8 .5

1 0 9 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0

-

-

-

19

15

7

14

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

334
156
178
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 4 6 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 - 1 6 2 .5 0

-

_

5

30
30

66
44
22

79
45
34

-

-

37
26
11
1

77
31
46
17

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

201
59
142

3 7 .5
4 0 .0
3 6 .5

9 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

9 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

-

_

53
9
44

56
31
25

11
4
7

5
5

1
l

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




$

$

“

4
4

-

-

250

and
under

-

5
12
4
8

63
5
58

_

_
10
6
4
-

4

3
3
-

15
1
14
14

5
5
-

8

13

9
T a b le A -2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l o cc u p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

(standard

Num ber of w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
t

Average
Median 2

Middle ranged

$

t

„ ,
100 110
Under
*
and
_
100 under
110 120

I

I

t

120

130

1A0

_

_

_

130

140

150

t

t

150

160

_

_

160

170

t

170
_

t

180
_

t

190
_

100

190

$

200
_

200

(

210
_

210

t

220
_

220

t

230
_

230

S

240
_

240

t

250
_

250

t

260
_

_

260

270

i
i

I

270

t

280

_
280

290
and

290 over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

57
38

3 9 .0
A0.0

$
$
$
$
1 9 1 .5 0 1 8 8 .0 0 17 A .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
1 9 2 .5 0 18A .50 17A .5 0 -2 0 3 .5 0

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

113
47
66

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

31
31

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------MA NU FACTURING ------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

100
A0
60

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

63
A2

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------

65
38
A1
33
61
A6

AO.O 2 0 2 .5 0 2 1 0 .5 0
AO.O 20A.O0 2 1 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

4

1
”

4
3

6
3

4
4

15
9

1A
9
5

13
8
5

5
4
i

15
4
ii

_
-

2
2

12
6
6

37
3
3A

20
12

A
1

A
*

7
7

6
3

8
4

20
13

-

1
1

1
-

1
1

-

i
i

11
9
2

7
7
*

18
2
16

2
2

A
4

-

1

11
8

1
1

1

*

5
5

2
*

22
18

2
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3 9 .5 2 5 0 .5 0 2 5 0 .0 0 2 2 9 .0 0 - 2 6 7 .5 0
AO.O 2A 6.50 2A 7.50 2 2 9 .0 0 - 2 6 A .50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------

-

1
1

5
4
i

“

3 9 .0 2 7 5 .0 0 2 7 5 .5 0 2 5 6 .0 0 -2 9 1 .0 0
AO.O 2 7 3 .5 0 2 8 2 .5 0 2 5 A .0 0 -2 9 8 .0 0

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------

-

3 8 .5 1A 8.50 1A 6.00 1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 6 7 .5 0
A 0 .0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 5 2 .5 0 1A 2.5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0
3 7 .5 1A 3.50 13A .50 1 3 1 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

2
2

-

-

"

A

8
5
3

31
2
29

19
13
6

1 0 8 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

*8
8

1A
1A

5
5

2
2

1
1

i
i

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 7 .5 2 0 6 .5 0 1 9 8 .0 0 1 9 1 .5 0 -2 2 6 .0 0
AO.O 2 1 2 .5 0 2 0 8 .0 0 1 9 0 .5 0 -2 2 9 .5 0
3 6 .0 2 0 2 .0 0 19A .50 1 9 1 .5 0 -2 2 5 .5 0
1 8 1 .0 0 1 6 8 .5 0 1 6 0 .5 0 -2 0 6 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0 1 6 3 .5 0 15A .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0

_

-

1
1

_

“

*

-

“

-

8
8
*

"

-

-

1

_

1 8 2 .0 0 -2 1 A .0 0
1 8 2 .00-21A * 50

“

-

216
168

AO.O 1 8 2 .5 0 1 8 6 .0 0 1 6 3 .0 0 -2 0 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 8 2 .0 0 1 8 2 .5 0 1 6 1 .5 0 -2 0 1 .0 0

_

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

158
128
30

AO.O 1 5 7 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0 1 5 1 .0 0 - 1 6 5 .5 0
AO.O 1 5 6 .0 0 1 6 0 .5 0 1 5 0 .5 0 - 1 6 A .50
3 9 .5 1 6 1 .0 0 16A .00 15 A .5 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

_
-

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) —
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------

68
63

AO.O 1 6 2 .5 0 1 6 1 .0 0 1 5 0 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
AO.O 1 6 1 .5 0 1 5 9 .0 0 1 5 0 .5 0 - 1 6 8 .0 0

-

* W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s :
** W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s:

_

*

-

1A
13

“
35
29

19
13

29
28

23
19

38
27

53
33

6
6

2
2

1A
13
1

12
8
4

37
33
4

60
A8
12

21
12
9

2
2

-

_

2
2

_

-

4
4

ii
ii

18
18

23
23

3
1

1
1

1

1 at $ 80 to $ 90; and 7 at $ 90 to $ 100.
at $ 320 to $ 340; 2 at $ 340 to $ 360; and 1 at $ 360 to $ 380.

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




T a b le A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations:
A verag e w eekly earnings, by sex
Separate earnings inform ation fo r men and women is not available fo r this area.

_

_

_

3
3

i

_

”

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

_

-

10
10

2
2

i

-

3
2

-

6
6

4
4

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

-

*

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

1
1

10
T a b le A -4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1972)
Hourly earnings 2

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Num ber o f w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
t
t
t
t
t
*
t
*
»
*
*
t
*
$
.0 0 6 .1 0 6 .2 0 6 .6 0 4. 60 6 .8 0 5 .0 0
3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .6 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0
U nder3 * 10
S
and
3 .1 0 under
$

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

5 .6 0

5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 00 6*20 over

o

6 .2 0 6 .6 0 6 .6 0 6. 80 5 .0 0 5 .2 0

t
*
$
*
s
5 .6 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

o
o

3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .6 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0

S
5 .2 0

3
1

6
6

5
5

23
23

3
3

6
6

1
1

-

2
2

-

4
6

-

-

12
12

5
5

17
17

21
19

12
12

13
13

22
22

-

1
1

1
1

17
17

68
68

-

-

MEN
$

$

6.32
6.32

$

$

3.93- 6.39
3.90- 6.39

CARPENTERS, MA INTENANCE ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

71
66

6.60
6.30

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------MA NU FACTURING -------------------

170
167

6.99
6.98

6.83
6.83

6.32- 5.82
6.33- 5.82

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------

88

6.62
6.61

6.37
6.38

3.99- 6.99
3.97- 6.99

-

75

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

59
66

3.93
3.91

3.93
3.79

3.76- 6.09
3.73- 6.52

2
2

6.63
6.63

6. 2 1
6.21

3.83- 6 . 6 8
3.83- 6 .6 8

MA CH IN E- TO OL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM ■
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------

6
6

-

_
_

_

*

*

19
19

3
1

3
3

17
12

5
5

6
6

9
6

3
3

-

3
-

12
12

*

-

_

-

_

11
11

_

*

26
26

*

2

10
8

9
-

*

*

13
13

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

7
7

2
2

6
6

4
4

2
2

12
12

-

2
2

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

3
3

3
3

-

11
11

3
3

27
27

15
15

5
6

15
15

65
65

_

_

*

“

-

~

2
2

4
4
4

15
12
3
“

8
8
“

6
2
4
4

13
13
-

6
4
4

5
4
i
-

17
17
17

20
20
20

~
-

10
1
9
9

19
19
15

2
2
-

32
7
25
25

17
17
17

i
“

8
8

-

_

61
60

4
6

-

3
3

2
2

“

-

-

~

“

~

“

-

-

153
152

6.6 8
6.6 8

6.76
6.75

6.16- 6.96
6.16- 6.96

_
“

“

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -------------

182
69
133
125

6.89
6.08
5.19

6.70
3.82
5.23
5.23

3.903.616.606.61-

5.76
6.06
5.78
5.79

_

_

_

~

“

*

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------

2 00

6.68

6.70

6.58
6.59

3.87- 5.68
3.87- 5.69

-

196

MI LLWRIGHTS ------------------------MA NU FACTURING -------------------

261
261

6.69
6.69

6.62
6.62

6.18- 6.95
6.18- 6.95

-

-

-

_

-

“

-

-

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE -------------

26

6.65

6.55

3.59- 5.62

-

3

-

2

2

-

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------MA NU FACTURING -------------------

168
168

6.70
6.70

6.82
6.82

6.35- 6.90
6.35- 6.90

-

_

-

_

-

3

*

-

-

4
4

-

-

3

50
50

5.00
5.00

5.23
5.23

6 . 20 6 20

398
398

6.95
6.95

6.92
6.92

6.60- 5.30
6.60- 5.30

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




.

-

-

18
18

~

1

5
5

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MA INTENANCE •
MA NU FACTURING -------------------

3

“

-

-

8
8

2
2

-

3
3

-

3
3

_

3
3

-

-

5.76
5.76
-

-

-

_

_

_

7
7

_

-

~
-

7
7

_
"

19
18

-

36
36

_
-

3
3

“

18
18

60
60

_

4

6
6

2
2

59

37
37

66
66

16
16

i
i

7
7

6
4

60
60

_

-

59

2
2

-

-

-

i

1

-

4

-

l

-

2

-

3

6

-

5
5

-

16
16

ii
ii

17
17

6
6

65
65

_

-

_

-

-

"

19
19

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

_

2
2

3

3
3

-

5
5

1
1

20
20

_

“

1
1

-

“

7
7

-

3

7
7

6
6

28
28

6
6

8
8

65
65

61
61

35
35

71
71

17
17

37
37

”

5

-

-

-

10
10
10

-

1
_

-

-

10
10

87
87

11
T a b le A -5 . C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o ccu p atio n s: H o u rly e arn in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1972)

Num ber o f w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

S
*
S
$
t
*
S
$
i
S
t
t
$
s
t
s
S
t
S
t
t
*
$
1.80 1.90 2 .0 0 2.10 2 .2 0 2 .A0 2.60 2 .80 3.00 3.20 3.AO 3 .60 3 .80 A . 00 A . 20 A.AO A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.2C 5.AO 5.60 5.80
and
and
under
1.9C 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2.20 2 .A0 2.60 2.80 3 .0 0 3.20 3 . AO 3.60 3 .80 A .0 0 A . 20 A.AO A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5.AC 5.60 5.80 over

MEN
GU AR DS ANO WATCHMEN
MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

161

$
3.73

$
3.69

$
$
3.5A— 3.97

3.7A

3.56- 3.98

9

2

GU AR DS
MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

152

3.8A

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEA NE RS --MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

958
A70
ASS
63

2.9A
3.A8
2.42
3.A9

3.11
3.37
2.20
3.A9

2.203.162.123.A1-

3.AA
3.75
2.51
3.56

2A
2A

10
10

53
53

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

652
A27
225

3.35
3.26
3.53

3.19
3.21
2.AO

2.75- 3.51
3.06- 3.36
2.20- 5.72

3A
3A

1
1

13

7

13

7

-

-

-

157
157

-

UA
2
112

28
28

59
59

22
20
2

1

63

18

37

15

1

1

1A

1

1A

-

-

-

-

23
23

-

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

2

1

63

18

37

15

1

8
8

51
A5
6

105
101
A
2

139
106
33
12

10A
57
A7
A3

5A
A8
6
6

33
33

4
4

7A
7A

36
26
10

AO
AO

121
121

1A9
1A6
1

31
30
1

1
1

5
3
2

5
1
A

30
10
20

-

-

70

_
-

70

81

3.23

2.99

2.90- 3.66

A

-

4

-

1

-

32

12

2

4

6

2

3

3

-

-

6

2

-

-

-

PACKERS. SHIPPING -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

156
155

3.30
3.30

3.30
3.29

2.9A- 3.55
2.93- 3.55

_
“

-

-

-

23
23

12
11

AO
AO

38
38

1
1

-

-

17
17

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

“

2A
2A

-

-

“

RE CEIVING CLERKS ---------------------

29

3.95

3.92

3.69- A.05

1

2

-

5

1A

1

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

ORDER

FILLERS -----------------------

32

3.71

3.57

3.53- 3.9A

MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

120
112

3.60
3.62

3.49
3.A9

3.A1- 3.93
3.A1- 3.93

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,289
232
1,057
558

A . 65
A . 20
A.7A
5.53

A . 65
A . 11
A . 70
5.7A

3.7A3.793.715.70-

SHIPPING CL ER KS ---------------------SHIPPING

AND

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------

5.73
A.99
5.7A
5.77

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONSI ----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

113
105

A . 37
A.A9

5.71
5.71

2.99- 5.75
3.03- 5.76

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TCNS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1A3
26

3.6A
3.52

3.56
3.57

3.52- 3.60
3.29- 3.86

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE I --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

528
97
A31
222

A.96
A . 56
5.05
5.53

5.0A
5.10
5.0A
5.73

A . 613.96A . 635.63-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) -------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2A3
78

A . 23
A . 12

3.80
3.95

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

609
522

3.98
3.89

3.99
3.9A

3.A9- A.A 8
3.A6- A . A 1

1
-

* A ll w ork ers w ere at $5.80 to $6.
See footnotes at end o f tables.




-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

~

3.37- 5.68
3.73- A.A6

5.71
5.15
5.73
5.78

-

_

-

_
“

-

_
~

_
_

—

*

_
_

15
15

“

_

-

7
2
5

7
5

_

~

_

-

15
15

2

-

*

_

—

-

6
2
A

_
6
2
_

-

_
_

-

1
8A
8
76

22

-

4

1

-

-

A

-

-

-

-

16
16

37
37

18
17

2A
2A

2
“

A
3

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

26

21
17
4
A

129
11
118
7

73
21
52
“

70
A6
2A
6

29
29
-

9
2
7
6

10A
31
73
6A

131
3
128
4

-

26
2

_

7
1

18
18

2
2

2

7
3

_

_

2A

12
12

_

_
20
20

1A
1A
A1
A1

_

1
1

"

2
2

93
9

2
2

12
8

-

1
1

26
26
”

18
18
“

_

“

2A
—
51

3
3

-

9
8

_
-

58
18
30
30

67
87

3

_

57
53

21
21

-

~

*
”

-

_

_

109
A9
6C

_

8

A9
A9
AO

120
120
4

-

-

172
90

A7
A6

_

_

3
3
-

109
A9
60

_

_
_

-

38
38
38

“

_

_

_

“

A35
8
A27
A27
59
59

”
8

-

“
-

3
3

AA
28

_
“

10
10

117
117

4
A

_

“

-

1A0

-

-

-

1AO
1AO
66
8

38
38
*38

_
2
2

12
T a b le A -5 . C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o cc u p atio n s: H o u rly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings o f w ork ers in selected occupations by industry division, S yracu se, N .Y ., July 1972)
H
ourly earnings3
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
Mean2 Median2

Number of w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

t
$
$
$
1.8C 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0
M
iddle range2 and
under
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

t
2 .2 0

t
2 .4 0

s
$
$
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0

>
$
$
3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

$
t
$
f
t
$
(
s
3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0

t
$
(
5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0
and

2 .4 0 2 .6 0

2 .8 0 3 .0 0

3 .2 0 3 .4 0

3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0 5 .8 0 over

HEN - CONTINUED

TRUCKERS, POKER (OTHER THAN

$

$

$
3.5 7
3 .5 7

3 .4 5

$
3 .5 3
3 .5 3

240

2 .4 7

2 .2 5

2 .1 4 -

2 .6 7

19

1

196

' *29

o*21

**13

2 53

1-9

1

31
31

3 .4 6 -

27

WM
O EN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----

See footnotes at end o f tables.




51

12
6^

13

32

8

13

5

15

2

3

-

1

A

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

13

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown, The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p r ia te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a re e m p lo y e d u nd er a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll tit le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m esta b lish m en t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the grou pin g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age ra te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B eca u se o f th is e m p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o s e in u se in
individual e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In applying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s tru cte d
to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R , M ACHINE

C L E R K , ACCO U NTIN G — Continued

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b ills , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t ic t y p e w rite r .
M ay a ls o keep r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th er
c le r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s if ie d by type o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s w hich
r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r ex a m p le , c le r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e a cco u n tin g tr a n s a c t io n s , s e le ctin g am ong a su bstan tial v a r ie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s and c la s s if ic a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s through p r e v io u s
accou n tin g a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay be a s s is t e d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (co m b in a tio n typing
and adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e t c .
U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d e te rm in e d d is co u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r
m a y not be com p u ted on the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w hich a r e a u to m a tica lly accu m u la te d
by m a ch in e . The o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b er o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e .
B ille r , m a ch in e (book k eep in g m a c h in e ). U se s a boo k k e e p in g m a ch in e (with o r without
a t y p e w r ite r k e yb o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p art o f the a ccou n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tion . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te s fig u r e s on a nu m ber o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s
and u su a lly p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the debit o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a know l­
edge o f book k e e p in g.
W orks fr o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and sta n d a rd iz ed p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , such as p ostin g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p ostin g s a r e
c le a r l y in d ica te d ; ch e ck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a cco u n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and c od in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s i f ie s , and r e t r ie v e s m a t e r ia l in an e ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m
c le r i c a l and m an u a l task s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain f il e s . P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h ­
n ic a l d o cu m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy s te m con tain in g a n um ber o f v a ried s u b je c t
m a tte r f il e s . M ay a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction
with the f il e s .
M ay le a d a sm a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b o ok k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout a t y p e w r ite r k eyboa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f il e s
in gs o r p a r tly c la s s i f ie d m a t e r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e s te d ,
w ard s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d

C la s s A . K eep s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r ticu la r a cco u n tin g s y s te m
u sed . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in each
ph a se o f the w o rk . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce sh e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g little kn ow ledge o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a se s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a cco u n ts p a ya b le,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e x p e n se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e ck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh e e ts fo r the a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
C L E R K , ACCO U NTIN G
P e r fo r m s on e o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c le r i c a l ta sk s su ch as postin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern al c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l
a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , c a lcu la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u rn a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w o rk
in eith er a m anual o r autom ated a cco u n tin g s y s te m .
The w ork r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f c le r i c a l m e th o d s and o f fi c e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w hich r e la te s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and accou n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the book k eepin g and accou n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n ow ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f book k eepin g and a cco u n tin g .




NOTE:

u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a tter) h ead ­
fin e r subh ea din gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in d ex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c l e r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to m ain ta in and s e r v ic e f ile s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that
is a lr e a d y been c la s s if ie d o r w hich
is e a s ily c la s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s if ic a t io n sy s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in file s and fo rw a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f il l out w ithdraw al c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sk s
r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RD ER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e by m a il, ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Q uoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m ak in g out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r ic e s and qua n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be f ille d . M ay c h e c k with c r e d it
d ep a rtm en t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led ge r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th ey have b een fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping
in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PA YR OLL
C o m p u te s w a ges o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te rs the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s tin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll s h eet, show in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n am e, w ork in g
d a y s , tim e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w ages d u e. M ay m ake out p a y ch e ck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s . M ay u s e a c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

The B ureau has d is co n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data f o r c o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s .

14

15
K EYPU N C H O P E R A T O R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

O p era tes a keypu nch m a ch in e
tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

to r e c o r d

o r v e r i fy

a lph ab etic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

data on

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u res to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be
keypu nched fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m s o m e rou tin e
keypu nch w o rk .
M ay tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypu nch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d efin ition s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th o s e o f fi c ia ls who have a s ig n ifica n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p olicy m a k in g r o le with r e g a rd to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f this r o le , d oes not
in all c a s e s id en tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a ct p e r ­
s o n a lly on individ ual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., ap p rov e o r deny individual loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r individ ual tru s t a cco u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c le r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f app lying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts w hich have
been c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e
little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd or p re s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s : o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l, o f a m a jo r
se gm e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

M ESSEN GER (O ffic e B oy o r G irl)

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
ch in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c le r i c a l w o rk .
E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d ,. im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
co r p o r a te - w ide fu n ction a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l r e la t io n s , e t c .) or~a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r or g a n iz a tio n a l segm en t ( e .g ., a re g io n a l h ea d q u a rters;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l. M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks fa ir ly in depen d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s te lep h on e c a l ls , p e r s o n a l c a l le r s , and in co m in g m a il,
in q u ir e s , and rou te s te c h n ica l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;

an sw ers

b.

E s ta b lis h e s , m a in ta in s,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in divid u al plant, f a c to r y , e t c . (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o rg a n iz a tion a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v olv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p an y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

M aintain s the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s app ointm ents as in s tru cte d ;

d.

routin e

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's sign atu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

by o th e r s f o r the

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not equ ivalent
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the defin ition fo r c la s s B, but w hose org a n iz a tion a l
unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l dozen e m p lo y e e s and is u su a lly divid ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tio n a l se g m e n ts w hich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r su bdivided. In s om e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l
in clu d e s a w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o; or
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to r y , e t c . (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s s te n o g ra p h ic and typing w o rk .

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le nature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s kn ow ledge o f o f fic e rou tin e and understanding o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s re la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e xclu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a re as fo llo w s :

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); c>r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O TE : M any com p a n ies a ssig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b ov e, to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e rv is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RA PH ER

a.

P o s it io n s

w h ich do

not m e e t the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

b.

con cept

d e s c r ib e d

above;

S ten og ra p h e rs n ot fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l type du ties;

c.
S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f fic e a s s is ta n ts to a gro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the duties a r e e ith e r su b sta n tia lly m o r e rou tin e o r
su b stan tially m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the de fin itio n ;

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n u sin g sh orthand, and to t r a n s c r ib e the d icta tion . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a sten ogra p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s ee T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e ra l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w o rk s in a co n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip with on ly one m a n a g er o r e x e cu tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b defin ition .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G eneral

e. A s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l duties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .




D icta tion in v o lv e s a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f il e s , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la tiv e ly rou tin e c le r i c a l ta s k s .

16
STE N O G R A PH E R — Continued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M achine O p e r a to r)— Continued

S ten og ra p h e r, S e n io r

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d efin ition s .

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le ga l b r ie fs
o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a ls o set up and m ain tain f il e s , keep r e c o r d s , e tc.
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g ra p h ic du ties re q u irin g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in depen d en ce and r e s p o n ­
s ib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n ce d by the fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f s ten o g ra p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th orough w o rk in g know ledge o f g e n e ra l b u s in e s s
and o f fi c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o rg a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f il e s , w o rk flo w , e t c . U ses this know ledge in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic duties and
r e s p o n s ib le c le r i c a l task s such as m aintain ing fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s ,
m em o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s fr o m g e n e ra l in s tru ctio n s ; re a d in g and
routin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g routin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n te lep h on e sw itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, in tra pla n t o r o f fic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s full te lep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r han dles
c o m p le x c a l ls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in addition to
doing rou tin e w ork as d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r as a fu ll-t im e
a ssig n m en t. ( " F u l l" telep hone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ction s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d erstand able fo r te lep h on e in fo rm a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e ca u s e
o f ov e r la p p in g o r in te rr e la te d fu n ctio n s , and co n se q u e n tly p re s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w hich ex te n s io n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te f o r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a sin g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n tele p h o n e sw itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
outgoin g, intraplant o r o f fic e c a l ls . M ay handle routin e lon g d ista n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d te lep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im it e d " telep h on e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ction s o f the e sta b lish m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d erstand able fo r telep h on e
in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the re q u e s ts a re ro u tin e , e .g ., giving e x te n s io n n u m bers when
s p e c ific nam es a r e fu rn is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to another o p e r a t o r .)
T h e se c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s in te lep h on e c o m p a n ie s who
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITC H B OA RD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In add ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a to r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e s w itch ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as p art o f re g u la r
d u ties . T h is typing o r c l e r i c a l w ork m a y take the m a jo r p a rt o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itch b oa rd .
TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A cco u n tin g M achine O p e ra to r)
O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , re p r o d u c in g punch, e t c . E x clu d e d fr o m this d e fin itio n a r e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o ex clu d ed a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , e ven though they m a y a ls o o p e ra te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s A . P e r fo r m s c o m p le te r ep ortin g and tabulating a s s ig n m en ts including d ev isin g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l panel w irin g under gen era l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m en ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie ty o f long and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich often a re ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u irin g
s o m e planning o f the nature and sequ en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u s e o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
ch in e s .
Is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in train in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e ra tin g s e q u e n c e s o f long and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim ite d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w ork a c c o r d in g to es ta b lis h ed p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but routine and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p arts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l a c ­
counting m a ch in e s such as the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in addition to the s im p le r m a ch in es
u sed by c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M ay be re q u ir e d to do s om e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M ay tra in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s tru ctio n s , o p e r a te s sim p le tabulating o r e le c t r i c a l accou n tin g
m a ch in e s such as the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p ro d u cin g punch, c o lla t o r , e t c . A ssig n m en ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w ork unit, fo r ex a m p le , individ ual s o r tin g o r co lla tin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p e r a t io n s . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do s om e filin g w ork .
T R AN SC RIBIN G -M AC H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e dicta tion in v olv in g a n o rm a l routin e v o c a b u la r y fro m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y and do s im p le c le r i c a l w ork .
W o rk e rs t r a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in volvin g a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who takes d icta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s i f ie d as a ste n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U se s a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ak e out b ills a fter c a lc u la ­
tion s have been m ade by another p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r ia ls fo r u se in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r i c a l w ork Involvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as keepin g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s ortin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m when
it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ica l o r unusual w o rd s o r fo r e ig n language m a t e ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typing o f c o m p lic a t e d s ta tis tic a l t a b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity
and ba la n ce in sp a cin g . M ay type routin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a ry in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C op y typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d r a fts ; o r routin e typing o f f o r m s , in su ra n ce p o l ic i e s , e t c .; o r settin g up sim p le standard
tabu lation s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lr e a d y set up and s p a ce d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL A N D TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

C O M PU TE R O P E R A T O R
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a digita l co m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to op era tin g in s tru ctio n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in s tru ctio n s to d e te r m in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loads equipm ent with re q u ire d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it , and sta rts
and o p e r a te s co m p u te r ; m a k e s adju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t op era tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l co n d itio n s ; re v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e during o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s c a u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m ain tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te st and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p e ra te s in depen d en tly, o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
New p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d
and in trod u ce d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it i c a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e d ow ntim e;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a
w ork in g k n ow ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and a ltern a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le . M ay
giv e d ir e c t io n and gu idan ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in depen d en tly, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o st o f the p r o g r a m s a re es ta b lis h e d
p rod u ction ru n s , ty p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th ere is little o r no testin g




o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a ltern a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p ro g ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b le t im e .
In co m m o n e r r o r situ a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s ca u s e and tak es c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r usin g standard c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e ra te s u nd er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r seg m en ts o f p r o g r a m s
with the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h er le v e l o p e r a to r by in d e ­
pendently p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt task s follow in g
d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and w ith freq u en t re v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W orks on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p ected to d e v e lo p
w ork ing kn ow ledge o f the co m p u te r equipm ent u s ed and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U su ally has r e c e iv e d s o m e fo r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u ter op e r a tio n .
M ay a s s is t h igh e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s an a lyst, into
a se q u e n ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. W orking fr o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
s tru ctio n s w h ich , when en te re d into the co m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d lan gu ag e, c a u s e the m an ipu lation

17
C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— C ontinued
o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; A p p lie s k n ow ledge o f
c o m p u ter c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r tic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v olv ed to a n a lyze ch a rts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u en ce
o f p r o g r a m ste p s ; w rite s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to co d e d in s tru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l during p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte rs
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e f fic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d ev elop m en t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m in g should be c la s s if ie d as s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is is the s k ill used to d e te r m in e th e ir pay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tific
a n d /o r e n g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W orks independently o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
g ra m s and c h a r ts w hich id en tify the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s step s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
plans the full ra n ge o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the c o m p u te r sy ste m
in a ch iev in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .
At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u te r equipm ent m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te rr e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fro m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n s iv e n u m ber o f in tern al p r o c e s s in g a ctio n s m ust o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
such a ction s as d e ve lo p m e n t o f co m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k age points betw een o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm en ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
c o m p u te r sto r a g e c a p a c ity , and substantial m an ipu lation and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in tegra ted p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t.
C la s s B .~ W orks independently o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la tiv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p ro d u ce data in two o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis tin g s a r e p ro d u ce d by re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r add ition s to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m input data w hich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and seq u en cin g
o f data can be te s te d by using a few routin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls with
routin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W orks on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A ) u nd er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h igh er
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r . M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by independ ently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u nd er f a ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay guide o r in s tru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u su ally
le a r n e d in fo rm a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d esig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lica tion o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to routin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w ork is r e v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e with
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r so lv in g them by use o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. D e ve lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f all s p e c ific a t io n s n eeded to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d igita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s s u b je c t-m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r it e r i a re q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d ocu m en ts to
be u s e d ; ou tlin es a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in su ffic ie n t d etail fo r
p r e s e n ta tio n to m an agem en t and fo r p ro g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly this in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w ork and
data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d e ve lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and p a r ticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s equipm ent ch an ges to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m in g should be c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s t e m s a n a ly sts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir pay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with
s c ie n tific o r en g in eerin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s an a lysts a re c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W orks independently o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in ­
v olvin g all p h a ses o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e ca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in tegrated
p rod u ction sch ed u lin g, in v e n to ry c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s an a lysis r e c o r d in w hich




C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
e v e r y item o f ea ch type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rough the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p ria te fo llo w u p a ctio n s a re in itiated by the com p u ter.) C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e te rm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p er s o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tio n s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s . M akes re c o m m e n d a tio n s , if
n eeded , fo r ap p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tion s o r ch an ges and fo r obtaining equipm ent.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c t io n
a s s is t.

to lo w e r

le v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts who a re a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W orks independently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e, plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a re o f lim ite d
c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h om og en eou s and the output data a r e c lo s e ly
r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m ain tain in g d e p o s it o r a ccou n ts in a bank,
m ain tain in g a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il es ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in ven tory a ccou n ts
in a m an u factu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te rm in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be a p p lied .
OR
W orks on a segm en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A . W ork s indepen d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guidance
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W ork is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e with in ­
s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r alin em en t with the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W orks under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su ally
o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d esig n ed to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lica tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w ork . F o r ex a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s analyst by p re p a r in g the d eta iled s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo r m a tio n d ev e lo p e d by the h ig h e r le v e l an a lyst.
D RAF TSM A N
C la s s A . P lan s the gra p h ic p res en ta tion o f c o m p le x item s having d is tin c tiv e d esig n
fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fro m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W orks in c lo s e su p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s . A n a ly zes the
e ffe c t o f each change on the d e ta ils o f fo r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponen ts and p a r t s .
W orks with a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C om p leted w ork is
r e v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y with p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w e r le v e l d ra ftsm en .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n on routine and c o m p le x d raftin g a s s ig n m en ts that r e q u ire the a p p li­
ca tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd ize d draw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u sed .
D uties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d ra w in gs of s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh ap es,
m u ltip le fu n ctio n s , and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s betw een co m p o n e n ts : p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c tu ra l d ra w in gs fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu d in g d etail d ra w in gs o f fou n dation s, w all
s e c t io n s , flo o r p la n s , and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo rm u la s and m anuals in m aking n e c e s s a r y
co m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e qu a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u sed , loa d c a p a c it ie s , s tren g th s,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in itial in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fro m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is ch e c k e d fo r te c h n ica l adeq u acy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d etail d ra w in gs o f sin g le units o r p a rts fo r en g in e e r in g , co n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p es o f d raw in gs p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e ctio n a l v iew s to c la r i f y p osition in g o f
co m p o n e n ts and co n v e y needed in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fro m a num ber o f s o u r c e s
and ad ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u ggested m eth od s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lica b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e given with in itial a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ction s
a r e le s s c o m p le te when a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W ork m ay be s p o t -c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la cin g t r a c in g cloth o r p a p er o v e r
d ra w in gs and tr a c in g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
co n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u irin g c lo s e d e lin ea tion .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r re p e titiv e d raw in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
during p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W orks on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s by p e r fo r m in g one o r m o r e
o f the fo llo w in g o p e r a t io n ? : M o d ify in g , in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o v e rh a u lin g . T h e se o p e r a tio n s
r e q u ir e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f m o s t o r all o f the fo llo w in g ta s k s : A s s e m b lin g , te s tin g , ad ju stin g,
c a lib r a tin g , tuning, and alin in g.
W ork is n o n re p e titiv e and r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f the t h e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p ertain in g to the u se o f g e n e ra l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n ic te s t equipm ent: tr o u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e r a tio n , r e la tio n s h ip , and alin em en t o f e le c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u it s having
a v a r ie ty o f com p on en t p a r ts .

18
E L E C T R O N IC S TECH NICIAN— Continued

N URSE, IN D U STR IAL ( R e g is t e r e d )

E le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s w o rk e d on t y p ic a lly in clu d e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
G rou n d, v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ica tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n avigation a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r ground ra d a r s y s te m s ; r a d io and te le v is io n tra n s m ittin g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u te r s ; m is s i l e and s p a c e c r a ft guidance and c o n t r o l s y s te m s ; in d u s tria l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in d ica tin g and c o n tr o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc.

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n t o i l l o r
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i ll o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c to r y o r o th er e sta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion of the fo llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid
to the i ll o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ ent d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g r e c o r d s
o f patients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r ts f o r c om p en sa tion o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l exa m in a tion s and health e v a lu ation s o f app lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health ed u ca tion , a ccid en t p re v e n tio n , ev alu ation o f plant en viron m en t,
o r oth er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s
o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p loyin g m o r e than one n u rs e a r e e x clu d ed .

(E x clu d e p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ft s m e n , d ra fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f such standard e le c t r o n ic equipm ent as o f fi c e m a c h in e s , r a d io and te le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E

M ACHIN IST, M AIN TE N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the ca r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m aintain in go o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s, c r ib s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann ing and laying out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ; u sin g a
v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o rta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and standard m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k ­
ing standard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and se le ctin g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w ork . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m ain te n a n ce c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p arts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w o rk ; using a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t 's
han dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; setting up and op era tin g standard m ach in e t o o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com p u tation s rela tin g t o d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o rk , t o o lin g , fe e d s , and sp eed s o f m ach in in g; kn ow ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le ctin g standard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rounded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TE N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n ction s such as the in sta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r
r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , heating u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th er t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u ts , o r other s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and diagn osin g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l
s y s te m o r equipm ent; w ork in g standard com p u ta tion s re la tin g to load re q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r
e le c t r i c a l equ ipm en t; and using a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c ia n ’ s h an dtools and m e a s u r in g and te stin g
in stru m en ts. In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
EN G IN E ER, ST ATIO N A RY
O perates and m ain tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n o f sta tio n a ry engines and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g . W ork in v o lv e s :
O perating and m aintain ing equipm ent
such as steam e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g equ ipm en t, ste a m b o ile r s and b o i le r - f e d w a te r p u m ps; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
keeping a r e c o r d o f o p e ra tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l con su m p tion . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
en gin eer a r e e x c lu d e d .
FIR E M A N , S T A TIO N A R Y B O ILE R
F ir e s sta tio n a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r ,
o r stea m . F e e d s fu e ls t o f ir e by hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
ch eck s w ater and sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M ay cle a n , o il, o r a s s is t in re p a irin g b o i le r r o o m equipm ent.
H E L P E R , M AIN TE N A N C E TR AD ES
A s s is t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce tr a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as keepin g a w o r k e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and t o o ls ;
clea n in g w ork in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e ym a n by h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n sk ille d ta sk s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . Th e kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e rm itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e : In s o m e trad es the h e lp e r is co n fin e d
to supplying, liftin g , and h olding m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and cle a n in g w ork ing a r e a s ; and in o th e rs
he is p e rm itted to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r parts of a tra d e that a re a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e types o f m ach in e t o o ls , such as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo rm in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g c o m p lic a te d setups o r
a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n ce ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts during o p e ra tio n
t o a c h ie v e r e q u is ite to le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s. M ay b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls need
d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils .
F or
c r o s s - industry w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and die jo b b in g
shops a r e ex clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .




M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M ain ten a n ce)
R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e sta b lish m en t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining a u tom otiv e equipm ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u se o f such h an dtools as w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a r t s ; r e p la cin g b rok en o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and adjustin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and alin in g w h e e ls , adjustin g b ra k es
and lig h ts , o r tightenin g body b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the a u tom otiv e m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to ­
m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an es ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v olv es m os t
o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m a ch in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia g n ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
dism an tlin g o r p a r tly dism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the use
o f h an d tools in s c r a p in g and fitting p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith item s obtained
fr o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u ctio n o f a re p la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a ch in e shop o r sending o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p ro d u ctio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip or equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a ry duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r adju stin g m a c h in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
In sta lls new m a c h in e s o r h eavy equipm ent, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r heavy
equipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layout a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and layin g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using a v a r ie ty
o f h a n d tools and r ig g in g ; m aking standard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; alin in g and ba la n cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le c t in g standard t o o ls ,
equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g and piain tain in g in g o o d o r d e r p ow er tr a n s m is s io n
equipm ent such as d r iv e s and sp e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren tices h ip o r
equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M AIN TE N A N C E
P a ints and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix tu r e s o f an es ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s
the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s ; p re p a rin g s u r fa c e fo r painting by re m o v in g old fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f il l e r in n ail

19
P A IN T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E— Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R, M AIN TE N A N C E— Continued

h oles and in t e r s t ic e s ; and app lying paint with s p ra y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i ls , w hite
lea d , and oth er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the
m ain ten an ce p ain ter r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

types o f s h e e t -m e t a l m ain te n a n ce w ork fr o m b lu ep rin ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; setting
up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g m a c h in e s ; using a v a r ie ty o f han dtools
in cu tting, bending, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, ste a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pipe and p ip e fittin gs in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : L a ying out o f w ork and m e a s u r in g to lo ca te
p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m d raw in gs o r o th e r w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a c h in e s ; th readin g
pipe with s to c k s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
pipe with c o u p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking standard shop co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe re q u ir e d ; and m aking stan dard te s ts to d e te rm in e w hether fin ­
is h e d p ip es m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r re q u ir e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gaged in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g building sanitation
o r heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R. M AIN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in go o d r e p a ir the s h e e t-m e ta l equipm ent and fix tu re s
(su ch as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , tan ks, v e n tila to r s , ch u te s , d u cts , m e ta l
ro o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out all

TO O L AND DIE M AK ER
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
pun ch ing, and o th e r m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and
laying out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ;
using a v a r ie ty o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's han dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in stru m en ts; u n d er­
standing o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g o f
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im en sion s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m eta l p a rts during fa b r ic a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ;
fitting and a s s e m b lin g o f p arts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le ctin g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's w ork r e q u ir e s a rounded
train in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , t o o l and die m a k e r s in t o o l
shops a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

and die jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND W ATCH M AN
G u a rd . P e r fo r m s rou tin e p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o st o r on to u r , m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
using a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In clu des gatem en who a r e station ed at gate and c h e ck
on iden tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p ro te ctin g p r o p e r ty against f ir e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.
JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

SH IPPIN G AND R E C E IV IN G CLER K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in com in g sh ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A k n ow ledge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a te s ; and p r e p a rin g r e c o r d s
o f the g o o d s sh ipped, m aking up b ills o f ladin g, p ostin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and keepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a rin g the m e r ch a n d is e fo r shipm ent.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f shipm ents
again st b ills o f ladin g, in v o ic e s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c tin g dam ­
aged g o o d s ; routin g m e r ch a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm en ts; and m aintain ing n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f il e s .

C lean s and k eep s in an o r d e r ly co n d itio n f a c to r y w ork in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f fi c e , apartm ent h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in volve
a com b in a tion o f the f o llo w in g : Sw eeping, m op p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth er r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu res o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lies and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashin g a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
TR U C K D RIV ER

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HANDLING
A w o rk e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r o th e r e sta b lish m e n t
w hose duties in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Loadin g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r ather tr a n s p o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpackin g, sh e lvin g,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h an dtru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ips a re
e x c lu d e d .
O R D ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d go o d s fr o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce with s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in addition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoin g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n ad d ition al s to c k o r r e p o r t sh o rt su p p lies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r re la te d du tie s.

D riv e s a tru ck within a c it y o r in d u s tria l a re a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r ch a n d is e ,
equ ipm en t, o r m e n betw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such a s : M anufacturin g p lants, fre ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e ta il e sta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o load o r unload tru ck with o r without h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u c k in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

fo llo w s :

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by s iz e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra ted on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

(co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d se p a r a te ly )
ligh t (under IV 2 ton s)
m ediu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r type)
h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a ile r type)

P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts f o r shipm ent o r s to r a g e by p lacin g them in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent upon the type, s i z e , and num ber
o f units to be pa ck ed , the type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping co n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g ;
K now ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p ria te type
and s iz e o f con ta in e r ; in s e rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r o r o th er m a te r ia l to
p rev en t b reak a ge o r d am age; c lo s in g and se a lin g co n ta in e r ; and applying la b e ls o r en terin g
iden tifyin g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a ck e rs who a ls o m ake w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a re e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a m an u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plant, o r o th e r esta b lish m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by type o f tr u c k ,

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

as fo llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t—
The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
will be available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.
Alamogordo—
Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Amarillo, Tex.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Clarksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Corpus Christi, Tex.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md.—
Pa.—
W. Va.
Fresno, Calif.
Grand Forks, N. Dak.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Knoxville, Tenn.

Copies of public releases are or

Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste.
Marie, Mich.
Melbourne—
Titusville—
Cocoa, Fla.
(Brevard Co.)
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Northeastern Maine
Norwich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc, Calif.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Vallejo—
Fairfield—
Napa, Calif.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.
Yuma, Ariz.

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Austin, Tex.*
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Great Falls, Mont.
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fiscal year 197 3.

Lexington, Ky.*
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
See inside back cover.

The twelfth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1742, National Survey of Professional, Administrative,
Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1971, 75 cents a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.

☆ U . S . G


O V E R N M E N T

PR IN TIN G

OFFICE:

1 9 7 2 - “- 746-1 8 5 / 4 3

A re a W a g e S u rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS
regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1_______________________________ 1685-87, 40
Albany—
SchenectadyTroy, N.Y., Mar. 1972---------------- 1725-49, 30
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1972 1____________________ 1725-59, 35
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972 1 __ 1725-87, 35
Atlanta, Ga., May 1972 1----------------------------------------------- 1725-77, 45
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1971____________________________ 1725-16, 35
Beaumont-Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1972______ 1725-69, 30
45
Binghamton, N.Y., July 1972__________________________ 1775-5,
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1972_________________________ 1725-58, 30
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971__________________________ 1725-27, 30
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1971_____________________________ 1725-11, 40
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1971_______________________________ 1725-34, 45
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971____________________________ 1725-25, 25
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1______________________________ 1725-75, 35
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1972 1 ______________________ 1725-63, 35
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1972 1 ___________________________ 1725-48, 35
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1971----------------------------- 1725-14, 30
Chicago, 111., June 1972________________________________ 1725-92, 70
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972_________________ 1725-56, 35
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971____________________________ 1725-17, 40
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971____________________________ 1725-19, 30
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1971________________________________ 1725-26, 35
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1972 1__ 1725-55, 35
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1 _____________________________ 1725-36, 35
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1971 1____________________________ 1725-44, 35
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1 ________________________ 1725-86, 35
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1972_____________________________ 1725-68, 40
Durham, N.C., Apr. 1972 1____________________________ 1725-64, 30
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1972 1_____________________________ 1725-74, 35
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1971___________________________ 1725-21, 30
Green Bay, Wis., July 1972 1__________________________ 1775-1,
55
Greenville, S.C., May 1972____________________________ 1725-66, 30
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1972______________________________ 1725-79, 35
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1972 1 __________________________ 1725-50, 35
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971___________________________ 1725-23, 30
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_____________________________ 1725-38, 30
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1971_________________________ 1725-39, 30
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1971___________________ 1725-18, 35
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1972 1________ 1725-81, 35
Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
55
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1972 1______ 1775-2,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1972_____________________ 1725-76, 45
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1______________________ 1725-29, 35
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1972 1____________________________ 1725-57, 33
55
Manchester, N.H., July 1972 1 _________________________ 1775-8,
Memphis, Tenn.-Ark., Nov. 1971 1 ____________________ 1725-40, 35
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1971________________________________ 1725-28, 30

Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1972 1 ________________ 1725-37, 30
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
l
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

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Area
Milwaukee, Wis., May 1972 1___________________________
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1 ______________
St.
Muskegorr-Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1 ______
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1 _____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1_________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1972___________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1972 1
___________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972--------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1972_______________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1_______________________
Patersorr—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1972 1 ---------------Philadelphia, Pa.-N .J., Nov. 1971 1 ____________________
Phoenix, Ariz., June 1971______________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971*______________ ___________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 ____________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N.Y.,

Bulletin number
and price
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45
50
35
50
35
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30
45
35
40
50
30
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-80,
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass.,
M
May 1972______________________________________________ 1725-70,
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1972----------------------------------------------- 1775-7,
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1972 1 ___________________________ 1725-72,
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
1725-43,
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1972___ 1775-4,
Rockford, 111., June 1972 1 _____________________________ 1725-84,
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1972_________________________ 1725-61,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971________________________ 1725-24,
San Antonio, Tex., May 1972___________________________ 1725-67,
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1971 1__________________________ 1725-32,
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1 ____________ 1725-33,
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1972____________________________ 1725-65,
Savannah, Ga., May 1972 1 _____________________________ 1725-73,
Scranton, P a., July 1972________________________________ 1775-10,
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1972_____________________ 1725-47,
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971________________________ 1725-30,
South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 ________________ ___________ 1725-60,
Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1------------------------------------------ 1725-91,
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1972-------------------------------------------- 1775-11,
Tampa— Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1972_______________ 1775-9,
St.
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Apr/ 1972 1 _______________________ 1725-78,
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1971_______________________________ 1725-12,
Utica^Rome, N.Y., July 1972___________________________ 1775-3,
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Mar. 1972 1 _______________ 1725-93,
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972 1 ________________________ 1725-53,
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_____________________________ 1725-20,
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1972 *____________________________ 1725-82,
Worcester, M ass., May 1972 1_________________________ 1725-71,
York, Pa., Feb. 1972 1 _________________________________ 1725-54,
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1971*________________ 1725-51,

35 cents
30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
30
45
35
35
30
30
35
50
30
35
45
30
25
35
35
45
45
35
30
45
70
35
30
35
35
35
35

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FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

MAIL

BUREAU O F LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G TO N , D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BU SIN E SS
PENALTY FOR PR IVATE USE $300

POSTAGE AN D FEES PA ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-4 4 6

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area C ode 617)
Connecticut
M aine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Verm ont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area C ode 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region I II
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filb ert St.
Ph iladelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaw are
District of C olum bia
M aryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
W est Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
A tlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabam a
Florida
G eorgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North C arolina
South C aro lina
Tennessee

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South W acker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illino is
Indiana
M ichigan
M innesota
Ohio
W isconsin

Region VI
1100 Com m erce St. Rm. 6B7
D allas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
Oklahom a
Texas

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 W alnut St.. 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
M ontana
M issouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 G olden G ate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
C a lifo rn ia
Idaho
H awaii
Oregon
Nevada
W ashington





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102