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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Utica—Rome, New York, Metropolitan Area,
July 1972
Bulletin 1775-3




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




P re fa c e
This bulletin provides results of a July 1972 survey of occu­
pational earnings in the Utica—Rome, New York, Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area (Herkimer and Oneida Counties). The survey was
made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage
survey program. The program is designed to yield data for individual
metropolitan areas, as well as national and regional estimates for all
Standard Metropolitan Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and
Hawaii, (as defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget
through November 1971).
A major consideration in the area wage survey program is
the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of
labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution
of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational
category and skill level. The program develops information that may
be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration,
collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location.
Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor to make
wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.
Currently, 96 areas are included in the program. (See list
of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, occupational earnings
data are collected annually. Information on establishment practices
and supplementary wage benefits, collected every second year in the
past, is now obtained every third year.
Each year after all individual area wage surveys have
been completed, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings
together data for each metropolitan area surveyed. The second
summary bulletin presents national and regional estimates, projected
from individual metropolitan area data.
The Utica—
Rome survey was conducted by the Bureau's
regional office in New York, N .Y ., under the general direction of
Alvin I. Margulis, Assistant Regional Director for Operations. The
survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of
the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for
the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to
express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

Bulletin 1775-3

ISCI U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R , James D. Hodgson, Secretary

N o v em b er 1 9 72

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

Utica—Rome, New York, Metropolitan Area, July 1972
CONTENTS
P eg*

2 Introduction
5 Wage trends for selected occupational groups
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
2. Percents of increase in earnings for selected occupational groups for selected periods
7
8
9
10
11

A. Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations: Weekly earnings
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations: Weekly earnings
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations: Average weekly earnings, by sex
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations: Hourly earnings
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations: Hourly earnings

13 Appendix.

Occupational descriptions




For M l* by the Superintendent of Document,, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ellington, D.C., 2 0402 — Price 45 cents

1

In tro d u c tio n
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study are
listed and described in the appendix. Unless otherwise indicated, the
earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined.
Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or
for some industry divisions within occupations, are not presented in
the A -series tables, because either (1) employment in the occupation
is too small to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there
is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Earnings
data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in all
industries combined data, where shown. Likewise, data are included
in the overall classification when a subclassification of secretaries
or truckdrivers is not shown or information to subclassify is not
available.

This area is 1 of 96 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
on an areawide basis annually.1 Field representatives, in personal
visits to establishments in the area, collect employment, earnings,
establishment practices, and related benefits information every third
year. In each of the intervening years, information on employment
and earnings is collected by mail questionnaires from establishments
participating in the previous survey. This bulletin presents the results
of the latter type survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule.
Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are ex­
cluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive earnings are in­
cluded. Where weekly hours are reported, as for office clerical occu­
pations, reference is to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest
half hour) 'for which employees receive their regular straight-time
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium
rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded
to the nearest half dollar.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis. The sam­
pling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments
within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number
of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is
selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of
selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data
are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its proba­
bility of selection, so that unbiased estimates are generated. For ex­
ample, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a
weight of four to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the
same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classifi­
cation if data are not available for the original sample member. If
no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a
sample member that is similar to the missing unit.

The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The aver­
ages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and employ­
ment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed by
high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may ad­
vance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though most establishments in an area increase wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2,
are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the
groups.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C .; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N .Y . (o ffice occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Utica—Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration o f the U .S. Department of Labor.

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. In­
dustries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and
thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Pay aver­
ages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in
individual establishments.

Occupations and Earnings




2

3
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupa­
tions should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes
within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to
differences include progression within established rate ranges, since
only the rates paid incumbents are collected, and performance of spe­
cific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descrip­
tions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more
generalized than those used in individual establishments and allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments
differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample




of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative impor­
tance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure
do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations, collected every 2 years
in the past, is now collected every 3 years. These tabulations on
minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced women officeworkers;
shift differentials; scheduled workweek; paid holidays; paid vacations;
and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series
tables) in previous bulletins for this area.

4




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in U tic a —R o m e , N . Y . , 1
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2J u ly 1 9 7 2
N um ber o f es ta b lis h m e n ts

M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h m ents in s co p e
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied

Studied
N um ber

P ercent

170

64

43, 541

100

3 1 ,5 2 6

50

91
79

33
31

31, 545
11,996

72
28

2 4 ,3 4 4
7, 182

50
50
50
50
50

16
7
34
9
13

8
3
7
6
7

3, 120
412
4, 144
2, 855
1,4 6 5

7
1
10
7
3

2 ,5 8 6
181
1, 158
2 ,4 5 6
801

A ll d iv is io n s
...
---------. . .
— ...
M a n u fa ctu rin g __
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th er p u b lic u tilitie s 5_______________________
W h o le s a le tra d e 6__ _____
- ------------- — R e ta il tra d e ^ . . . . . . . . . . . . _________________ _____
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te 6---------S e r v i c e s 6 7 -------------------------------------------------------

1 T h e U tica— o m e Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the O ffic e o f M anagem ent and B u dget th rough N o v e m b e r 1971, c o n s is t s
R
o f H e rk im e r and O neid a C o u n tie s. T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n of
the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the su rv e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not in tended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith
o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a re a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lis h m e n t
data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) sm a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .
2 The 1967 e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at
o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area ) o f co m p a n ie s in such
in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n
p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as
1 e sta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith total
em p lo ym e n t (w ithin the a re a ) at o r
above the m in im u m lim ita tion .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e
ex c lu d e d . U tic a 's
tr a n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is e x clu d e d b y d e fin itio n fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o sm a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

In d u strial c o m p o s it io n in m an u factu rin g
\ A lm ost t h r e e -fo u r t h s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the U tica— om e
R
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m an u factu rin g f ir m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u stry
g ro u p s and s p e c i fi c in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
Industry gro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 24
E l e c t r ic a l equipm ent and
s u p p lie s ________________________ 17
P r i m a r y m e ta l in d u s tr ie s ______ 13
M is c e lla n e o u s m an u factu rin g

O ffic e and com pu tin g
m a c h in e s _______________________ 16
C o m m u n ica tio n
e q u ip m e n t______________________ 12
N o n fe r r o u s r o llin g and

T ra n sp o rta tio n equipm ent______
F a b r ic a t e d m e ta l p r o d u c ts _____

M e talw ork in g m a c h in e r y ___________7
A i r c r a ft and p a r t s _________________ 6
J e w e lr y , s ilv e r w a r e , and
p lated w a r e ____________________
6

6
5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu al s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as show n in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
Presented in table 2 are indexes 1 and percents of change in
average weekly salaries of office clerical workers and industrial
nurses, and in average hourly earnings of selected plantworker groups.
The indexes are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a
percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the
index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index. The percents of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These compu­
tations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant
rate between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in
averages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

The index is a measure of wages at a given time and is ex­
pressed as a percent of wages in the base year. The base year is
assigned the value of 100 percent. The index is computed by multi­
plying the base year relative (100 percent) by the relative (the percent
change plus 100 percent) for the next succeeding year and then con­
tinuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the previous
year's index.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plantworker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percents are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.

Method of Computing
Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group is assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and
w om en ):
Bookke ep in g - m achine
operators, class B
Clerics, a ccou n tin g, classes
A and B
Clerks, f il e , classes
A , B, and C
Clerics, order
Clerics, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers ( o f f i c e boys or
girls)
NOTE:

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and
w o m e n )— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m e n and
w om en ):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Limitations of Data

S killed m aintenance (m en ):
Carpenters
E lectricians
Machinists
M echanics
M echanics (au to m o tive )
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers

The indexes and percents of change, as measures of change
in area averages, are influenced by: (1) General salary and wage
changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by individual
workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average wages due
to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turnover, force
expansions, force reductions, and changes in the proportions of work­
ers employed by establishments with different pay levels. Changes in
the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the occupational
averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable that even
though all establishments in an area gave wage increases, average
wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments entered
the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages may have
remained relatively constant, yet averages for an area may have risen
considerably because higher-paying establishments entered the area.

U nskilled plant (m en ):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

C om ptom eter operators, used in the com pu tation o f previous trends, are no lon ger

surveyed by the Bureau.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation are multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group are totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years are
related by subtracting the aggregate for the earlier year from the
aggregate for the later year and dividing the remainder by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The result times 100 shows the percent
of change.

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percents of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data are adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percents of change any significant effect caused by
changes in the scope of the survey.

^ Indexes o f earnings referred to in this standard te x t are published for m ost areas but not in
U tica —R om e because the area was not surveyed in the base y e a r o f the index series.




5




T a b le 2 . P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in U tic a —R o m e , N .V ., fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A l l in d u s tr ie s
W e e k ly e a rn in g s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

In d u s tria l
nu rses
(m e n and
w om en )

M anufacturin g

H o u rly e a rn in g s
S k illed
m ain ten an ce
tr a d e s
(m en)

U n sk ille d
pla n tw o rk ers
(m en )

W e e k ly e a rn in g s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

H ou rly ea rn in g s

In d u stria l
n u rses
(m en and
w om en)

S killed
m ain ten an ce
tr a d e s
(m en)

5.6
7.4
7.3
3.6

5.1
8.7
4.0

U n sk illed
pla n tw o rk ers
(m en)

P ercen ts o f in cre a se
6.7
8.3
4.3
4.0

5.6
7.8
7.6
3.2

6.2
5.4
9.0
4.6

6 .8
8.9
6.3
5.4

6.1
8.0
4.2
5.6

7.1
10.2
4.9
4 .3

7

A. O ccupational earnings
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e o ccu p atio n s: W e e k ly earn in g s
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings o f w o rk e rs in se le cte d occupations by industry d iv isio n , Utica— om e, N .Y ., July 1972)
R
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

S

Average

»

8

$

«

Num ber of w o rk e rs re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
t
t
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
$
$
8
$
$
8
110
90
100
115
95
105
120
125
130
140
150
160
170 180
190 200

(standard

Mean *

Median 2

Middle ranged

70

75

80

85

70

O ccupation and industry division

65
and
under

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

10

2

5

1

8

and
110

115

120

125

130

4
4

8
7

8
7

7
4

140

150

160

170

180

190

11
9

16
11

5
2

6
3

4
1

_

2
2

1
1

-

200 over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
$
$
84.00-103.50

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------

30

39.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

71
50

40.0 131.50 129.00 119.00-140.00
40.0 128.50 127.00 116.00-137.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

107
47
60

39.5 105.00 105.00
88 .0 0-117.50
40.0 120.00 121.00 111.00-130.00
93.00
39.0
89.50 83 .0 0- 10 4. 50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

107
90

38.5
38.0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

$
94.00

78.50
78.00

$
93.50

*

_

-

-

4
4

2
2

16

34
34

23
18

7
7

6
6

4
4

27
18

4
4

6
3

“

“

-

“

“

-

_
-

2
2

-

-

10
10

6
6

_
“

3
3

-

-

3
3

2
2

5
5

1
1

8
8

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

10
3

3
3

4
4

13
10

-

1
1

2
2

_
-

15
12

1
1

3
-

1
1

_

_

4
*

3
2

11
%5

13
12

4
4

21
21

7
7

8
8

1
1

-

7
-

14
5

9
3

18
6

15
13

9
9

4
4

4
4

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

55
38

39.5 111.50 103.50
40.0 113.00 104.00

93.5 0- 13 2. 50
98 .5 0- 13 2. 50

_

_

-

-

1
-

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

79
60

40.0 122.00 121.00 111.00-128.00
40.0 120.50 122.00 113.50-126.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

91
50

39.5 100.00 101.50
40.0 105.50 107.50

92 .0 0- 10 8. 50
99.50- 11 3. 50

-

_

_

10
3

7
2

38.5

75.50- 97.50

63
28
35

39.5 142.50 137.00 123.50-166.00
40.0 146.50 159.00 126.00-168.50
39.5 139.00 131.50 123.00-150.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

104
77
27

39.0 141.50 143.50 130.00-156.00
40.0 145.00 145.50 136.50-155.00
37.5 132.00 122.50 105.00-162.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

133
113

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GE NE RA L -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

“

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

8

9

3

4

1

1

-

1

6

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
”

3
3
*

10
5
5

12
8
4

10
6
4

7
3
4

20
14
6

28
13
15

25
20
5

66
50
16

60
56
4

25
24
1

18
13
5

10
6
4

13
6
7

10
2
8

2
1
1

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

3
3

2

-

3
3

-

-

2

~

4
4

6
1
5

6
1
5

11
1
10

3
2
1

5
4
1

8
8
-

2
1
1

7
3
4

3
1
2

-

2

2
“
2

8
2
6

5
5
“

18
16
2

27
27
-

16
16
“

8
4
4

7
5
2

-

2

1
1

1
1

3
-

5
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

39.5 132.00 133.00 120.00-142.50
40.0 129.00 132.50 120.00-141.00

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

89
55

40.0 114.00 114.50 98 .0 0- 12 4. 00
40.0 113.00 116.00 105.00-124.50

-

-

-

3
3

ST EN OGRAPHERS, SE NIOR ---------------

137

39.5 120.00 118.50 111.50-128.00

-

-

S W IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

39
29

39.0 105.00 103.50
39.0 1 1 0 .0 0 113.50

86.50-127.00
87.50-129.50

-

-

~

TR A N S C R I B I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L -------------------------------

29

39.0 106.50 105.00

91 .0 0-121.00

-




_
-

_

-

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .

_

1
1

*

4
4

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

.
-

_

“

“

-

_

80.00

_
-

6
6

79 .0 0- 12 7. 00
79 .0 0-127.00

86.50

-

4
i
3

39.5 103.00 108.50
39.5 103.00 108.50

39.5 138.00 136.50 123.00-150.00
40.0 137.50 138.50 126.00-149.00
38.5 139.00 131.00 119.50-164.50

-

19
12
7

49
49

33

-

9

6
2
4

11
11

320
231
89

-

_
-

9
5
4

72.50- 82.50
71.50- 81.50

SE CR ET AR IE S --------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

-

10
2
8

77.00
75.00

ME SS EN GE RS IOFFICE BOYSI -----------

1

4
1
3

16

9

3

-

-

5
5

3
1
2

1
1

“
1
1

“

5
5

6
4

7
5

5
3

10
10

10
10

11
11

37
33

29
27

4
4

-

5
4

3
*

3
*

14
6

2
1

6
2

10
10

9
9

15
8

6
6

4
3

1
1

-

1

-

4

4

7

13

16

33

16

16

15

4

5
1

3
3

7
7

1
1

-

6

“

~

1
1

3
3

2
2

*

5
5

4
4

1
1

-

1

5

1

2

4

2

3

2

2

1

2

1

2

_

-

_

-

-

2
2

6

_
-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

_

-

_

_
“
-

-

-

-

8
T a b le A -1 . O ffic e o ccu p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w ork ers in se le cte d occupations by industry d ivision , Utica— om e, N .Y ., July 1972)
R
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

*

Average
weekly
Median ^

(standard

Middle ranged

*

*

65
and
under

*

70

''lumber of w ork er s re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
t
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
t
*
*
85
90
95
100
120 125 130
1*0 150
105
110
115

*

75

80

*

*

160

*
170

*
180

*
190

200
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

1*0

150

160

170

180

190

200 over

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED—
CONTINUED
$

56
*36

3 -

$

$

$

50*0

“

7

107*00 106*50

”

11
3

112*00

6
6

“

“

-

”

-

-

“

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A -2 . P ro fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l o cc u p atio n s: W e e k ly e arn in g s
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings o f w ork ers in selected occupations by industry d ivision , Utica— om e, N .Y ., July 1972)
R
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber o f w o rk e rs re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
*
115

Mean 1

Median ^

M iddle ranged

130

135

*
1*5

*
150

*
155

*
160

*

125

*
1*0

*

120

165

170

160

190

200

210

220

230

2*0

125

130

135

1*0

1*5

150

155

160

165

170

160

190

200

210

220

230

2*0

250

2
2

*
*

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

and
under
120

MEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B --MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

55
26

$
$
$
$
*0.0 1*2.00 137.00 128.00-150.00
*0.0 15*.00 1*9.50 1*1.00-178.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S B --------------

33

39.5 191.00 192.50 167.50-219.50

3

3

2

3

5

3

3

1

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------

65
58

*0.0 193.50 191.50 181.50-203.00
*0.0 192.00 191.00 181.00-201.00

13
13

16
15

17
15

8
7

7
5

2
2

2
1

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------

58
53

*0.0 162.00 156.00 151.50-17*.00
*0.0 160.50 15*.50 151.50-169.50

9
6

7
5

1
1

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

3*
33

*0.0 1*6.00 1*8.50 137.50-15*.50
*0.0 1*5.50 1*8.00 137.00-15*.50

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s,




-

9
T a b le A - 3 . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s , by sex
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings of w ork ers in s elected occupations by industry division , Utica— om e, N .Y ., July 1972)
R
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

39.0

$
92.50

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN
B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
Number

of

Average
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

320
231
89

$
39.5 138.00
40.0 137.50
38.> 139.00
19 5 142.50
40*0
39.5 139.00

45

40.0 127.50

89
38

39.5 102.50
40.0 117.50
39.0
91.00

28
35

1 ^

107
90

38.5
38.0

78.50
78.00

77
27

40.0 145.00
37.5 132.00

35
35

PlUNSANUrAC 1U I No
K

39.5
39.5

92.50
92.50

133
113

39.5 132.00
40.0 129.00

39.5 111.50
40.0 113.00

_
59

An n
40 0 120 50

91

39.5 100.00

n7

66
HANUF A C T U R 1NG — — — — — — — —
——
— —— —

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$
39.5 109.50
39.0

PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS - MEN
CO MPUTER OP ER AT OR S * CLASS 8
COMP UT ER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS* CLASS —
—B
— — —— ——
—

r
—

.-

-

25

39.5 200.00

„^

An n n \ 50
a a *n
40*0 193.50

55

1 17
137

_ i on nn
3 9 .5 120*00

39
29

39.0 105.00
39.0 110.00

An n 162.50
AAA
40*0 161.00

34

40.0 146.00
40.0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS - WOMEN

29

39.0 106.^0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G — —— — —— —— — —— —— —— — — —

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,




Weekly

88 40.0 113.00
40.0
113.00
55

SW ITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

See footnote at end of tables.

of

(standard)

UKAr 1in tr ii LL A j j A
55

Number

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S WO ME N— C0 NTINUE0

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO M E N — CO NTINUED
26

Sex, occupation, and industry division

3
3

1J 0
4*

10
T a b le A -4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u rly e a rn in g s
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , U tica —R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1972)
Hourly ea mings3

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

i
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

*

3 .1 0

3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .6 0 3 .5 0

5

i

5

i

I

I

i

*

$

*

i

1

i

*

i

3 .6 0 3 .7 0

3 .8 0 3 .9 0 6 .0 0

6 .1 0 6 .2 0

6 .3 0

6 .6 0 6 .5 0 6 .6 0

i

i

6 .7 0 6 .8 0

*

*---- i---

5 .1 0

i

6 .9 0 5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

and
under
3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .6 0

_

-

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

6 .0 0

6 .1 0

6 .2 0

6 .3 0

6 .6 0

6 .5 0

6 .6 0

6 .7 0

6 .8 0

6 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .1 0

5 .2 0

-

-

-

_

5
6

7
7

5
3

6
6

-

-

5
5

2
2

39
39

3
3

25
26

19
19

11
11

-

1
1

2
2

_

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

6

MEN
$

$

$

$

?*09

”

32
MACHINE—7 00L OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —

A*21

i
i

-

t*2 0
4 «3 1

4 « 15

-

-

-

29

6 .1 2

6 .1 9

5
5

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

3 .7 5 -

6 .6 9

6 .2 6
MECHANICS,

-

-

-

9
9

*

6
6

3
3

-

-

-

6

-

9

3

6

-

2

1

-

-

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

*

2
2

5
5

2
2

•

*

8
8

-

*

1
1

6
6

-

-

1
1

6
6

-

10
10

16
16

31
31

19
19

12
12

7
7

-

*

8
8

1

-

-

-

1

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

2
2

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

5
5

*

“

-

-

6

6

-

-

-

AUTOMOTIVE
-

10

15

10

1H A1N 1tN A N v t V

15

-

-

~

-

-

NONMANUFACTURING
-

108
10

6*06

6*3’

6*00

3*9’

6 *3 3

-

-

40

290

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




6 .1 3

i* 5 3

t*2 5

-

-

_

2
2

3

*

3

60
60

23
23

_

6
6

7

“

7

7
7

6
6

15
15

12
12

9
9

5
5

6

10
10

-

-

*

8
8

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

“

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

~

*

-

4* 15

2
“

“

-

-

51

_

2

2

6

-

-

-

6

-

13
13

-

-

7

-

“

7

-

3
3

11
11

-

-

1
1

68
68

7
7

7
7

102
102

_

5
5

-

2
2

-

2
2

-

"

8
8

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

7
7

2
2

21
21

38
38

7

_

_
-

1
1

11
T a b le A -5 . C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o cc u p atio n s: H o u rly e a rn in g s — C o n tin u e d
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings o f w ork ers in se le cte d occupations by industry d iv isio n , Utica— om e, N .Y ., July 1972)
R
Hourly earnings3

S ex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

Number o f w Drkers re ceivin g s tra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
t
i
i
t
i
s
i
i
t
i
T ---- 1 ---- S
*
t
6
S
s
*
*
*
$
s
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 .A0 3.60 3.80 A. 00 A . 20 A.A0 A. 60 A.80 5.00 5.20 5.A0 5.60
and
under
A . 00 A. 20 A. A0 A . 60 A. 80 5.00 5.20 5.A0 5.60 5.80

1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.A0 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 . A0 3 .60 3.80

MEN
$
$
2.18- 3.35

$

$

2.90

3.1A

6

1

GU AR DS
WA TCHMEN
59

2.25

2.09

1.95- 2.19

AA5

2.62

2.61

2.08- 3.13

295
37

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND C L EA NE RS ---

3.08

2.97

6

6

2.81- 3.3A
2.79- 5.71

56

18
6

61

3.26

3.3A

79 2 62
2.85- 3. 6 A

32

3.19

3.34

3.55
3.55

3.59
3.59

45

11
1

2

6

„*
164

5.75

-

-

-

-

9

2

21
5

23

39

101

3

33

16

AT
*3

94
3

26

A9

10

20

1A

10

F3
5
2

6

38

i

9

8
8

33

7

-

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

2

7

5.72- 5.78

2

2

??

j
!

W

Z9

17
8
8

3

15
11

17

3.A0- 3.67
3 . A0- 3.67

-

8

20

8
7

3.13- 3.40

31
30

MA NU FA CT UR IN G

159
135

2j
?

t5
59

L A D U K t K j • HA 1C H 1AL M h NU L I N v

M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

A'

8

18

15
14

w
8

It?

t
j

162

TR UCKDRIVERS, HE OI UH 11-1/2 TO
HANUrAL 1UK I Nb — — — — — — — — — — — —— — —

53
25

3.25
2.61

TR UC KD RI VE RS , HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
IKAlLtK 1T r t 1
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

116

5.60

2.65- 3.86
2.26- 2.79
5.75

8
8

j
*
6

2.63

i
i

5.72- 5.77

107

5.75

j.73

j.78

107

TR UC KO RI VE RS , HE AV Y (OVER A TONS,
AT

t?

1KULA tK Of rU Ht K

2
2

5

5*77
IrUKALlr 1 1 “ "
209
WOMEN
JA NITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le s ,




90
75

2.33
2.2A

2.06
1.99

1.9A- 2.73
1.93- 2.62

9

31
31

10
10

5

1

1

3

11

-

8

ii
n

55

12

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown, The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s
The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age su r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p rop ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d under a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to es ta b lis h m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the grou pin g o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b con ten t.
B e c a u s e o f th is em n h asis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l co n te n t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose n u se in
in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In app lying th e se jo b d e s c r ip tio n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e .istru cted
to e x c lu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p re n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h an dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p ro b a tio n a ry w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
C L E R K , ACCO U N TIN G — C ontinued

B IL L E R , M ACHINE
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts, b i ll s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r it e r . M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r fo r m o th er
c le r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s if ie d by type o f m a c h in e , as fo llo w s :
B i l le r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (co m b in a tio n typing
and adding m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b ills and in v o ic e s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r ­
n ally p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ra n d u m s , e t c .
U su ally in v o lv e s a p p lica tio n o f p r e ­
d e te r m in e d d is c o u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w hich m a y o r
m a y not be c om p u te d on the b illin g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a re a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d
by m a c h in e . The o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e nu m ber o f ca rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill being
p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d one on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .
B i l le r , m a c h in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U se s a book k eep in g m a ch in e (with o r w ithout
a t y p e w r ite r k ey b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p art o f the a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a ­
tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the sim u ltan eou s e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The
m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and co m p u te s
and u su a lly p r in ts a u to m a tica lly the d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D oes not in v o lv e a k n ow l­
edge o f b ook k eep in g .
W orks fr o m u n ifo rm and standard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
BO O K K E E PIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p era tes a b ook k eepin g m a ch in e (with o r without a t y p e w rite r k eyboa rd ) to k eep a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow ledge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r ticu la r accou n tin g sy s te m
u s e d . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to be u sed in e a ch
ph a se o f the w ork . M ay p r e p a r e co n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , ba la n ce s h e e ts, and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c tio n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g little k n ow ledge o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a se s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b ille r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e x p e n se d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay ch e ck o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh eets fo r the a cco u n tin g de p a rtm e n t.
C L E R K , AC CO U N TIN G
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accou n tin g c le r i c a l ta sk s such as postin g to r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern al c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l
a c c u r a c y o f a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; a ssig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; exam in in g
and v e r ify in g f o r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s types o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p re p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u rn a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w o rk
in e ith e r a m anual o r autom ated accou n tin g s y s te m .
Th e w ork r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f c le r i c a l m e th o d s and o f fic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e la te s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f tr a n s a c tio n s and a cco u n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o rk e r ty p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the bookk eepin g and accou n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u s ed in the a s s ig n e d w o rk , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n ow ledge o f the fo rm a l
p r in c ip le s o f book k ee p in g and a cco u n tin g.




NOTE:

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e ra tio n s w hich
r e q u ir e the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, fo r ex a m p le , c le r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a te d o r n o n r e p e titiv e a cco u n tin g tr a n s a c t io n s , s e le ctin g am ong a substantial v a r ie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c la s s if ic a t io n s , o r t r a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s through p re v io u s
a cco u n tin g a c tio n s to d e te rm in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r m o r e
c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in s tru ctio n s and sta n d a rd ized p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h ere id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re
c le a r l y in d ica te d ; ch e ck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f s ta n d a rd ized and r e p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a cco u n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and c o d in g d ocu m en ts u sin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c la s s i f i e s , and r e t r ie v e s m a te r ia l in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m
c le r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain f il e s . P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the
b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C la s s ifie s and in d ex es file m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n ica l d o c u m e n ts , e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy s te m con tain in g a nu m ber o f v a ried s u b je c t
m a tte r f il e s . M ay a ls o file this m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction
with the f il e s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .
C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f ile s
ings o r p a r tly c la s s i f ie d m a t e r ia l by
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d ,
w ard s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s routin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y been c la s s if ie d o r w hich
is e a s ily c la s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a t io n sy stem ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo rw a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ithdraw al c h a r g e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual task s
r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .
C L E R K , O RD ER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il, p hon e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D uties in v o lv e any co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh eet lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; c h e ck in g p r ic e s and quantities o f item s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh eets to r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to be f ille d . M ay ch e ck w ith c r e d it
d ep a rtm en t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , ack n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fro m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that they have been fille d , k eep file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch e ck shipping
in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK, PAYROLL
C om p u tes w ages o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a rn in g s b ased on tim e o r p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and
p o stin g c a lc u la te d data on p a y r o ll s h eet, show in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g
d a y s , tim e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and total w ages due. M ay m ake out p a y ch eck s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e .

The B ureau has d isco n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data fo r c o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s .

13

u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a tte r) h ea d ­
fin e r subh ea din gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le rela ted in d ex and
lo c a te s c le a r ly id en tified m a t e r ia l in f ile s and f o r ­
c le r i c a l task s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .

14
K EYPU N C H O P E R A T O R

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

O p e ra te s a keypunch m a c h in e
tabulating c a r d s o r on ta p e .

to r e c o r d

o r v e r i fy

a lp h a b e tic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

data on

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the a p p lica tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and judgm ent in s e le ctin g p r o c e ­
d u res to be fo llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c t in g , o r c o d in g ite m s to be
keypu n ch ed fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts. On o c c a s io n m ay a ls o p e r fo r m s o m e routin e
k eypu nch w o rk .
M ay tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .

N O T E : Th e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the le v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th o s e o f fi c ia ls w ho have a sig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d t o m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
so n a lly on in d ivid u al c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r deny individ ual loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r in divid u al tru s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d t o be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,
C la s s B . W ork is rou tin e and r e p e titiv e . Under c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w hich have
been co d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w hich have been p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e
little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo rm a tio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f fi c e r (oth er than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l,
se gm e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la s s B

M ESSEN GER (O ffic e B oy o r G irl)

1. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b oa rd o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s v a r io u s rou tin e duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o f fic e m a ­
c h in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , open in g and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c r e t a r y to •the head , im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n ction a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u stria l r e la tio n s , e t c .) or~a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r org a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (oth er than the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d ivid u a l. M aintains a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y -t o -d a y w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks fa ir ly in depen d en tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and gu id a n ce . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties, u su a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :

a. R e c e iv e s tele p h o n e c a l ls , p e r s o n a l c a l le r s , and in co m in g m a il,
in q u ir e s , and ro u te s te c h n ica l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
m a in ta in s ,

an sw ers

b.

E s t a b lis h e s ,

c.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m

5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t org a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m an agem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v o lv in g as m an y as s e v e r a l
hun dred p e r s o n s ) o r a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

routin e

M aintain s the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m ak es ap p ointm ents as in s tru cte d ;

d.

4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in divid u al plan t, fa c t o r y , e t c . ( o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o f fic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's file s ;
C la s s C

s u p e r v is o r to su b o rd in a te s;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v is o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
f.

by o th e r s fo r the

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not eq u ivalen t
to one o f the s p e c ific le v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h ose o rg a n iz a tio n a l
unit n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d oz en e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id ed into o r g a n iz a ­
tio n a l se g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r s u b d iv id ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l
in clu d e s a w ide ran ge o f o rg a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o; o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an individ ual plant, fa c t o r y , e t c . (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

P e r f o r m s ste n o g r a p h ic and typing w o rk .

M ay a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le nature and d iffic u lty .
The w ork t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow ledge o f o f fic e rou tin e and u n d erstand ing o f the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s it io n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as f o llo w s :

E x a m p le s

C la s s D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o r
2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tech n icia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
ST EN O G RA PH ER

a.

P o s it io n s

w h ich

do

not m e e t

the

" p e r s o n a l"

s e cre ta ry

b.

con cept

d e s c r ib e d

above;

S ten og ra p h e rs not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l type du ties;

c.
S ten og ra p h e rs s e r v in g as o f fi c e a s s is ta n ts to a gro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;
d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w hich the duties a r e e ith e r su b stan tially m o r e routin e o r
su b sta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the defin itio n ;

P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion u sin g sh orth a n d , and to t r a n s c r ib e the d icta tion . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritten c o p y . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a ste n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M ay o c c a s io n a lly t r a n s c r ib e
fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if p r im a r y duty is tr a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
O p e r a to r , G e n e r a l).
N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly
w ork s in a c o n fid e n tia l r e la tio n s h ip with on ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t io n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d efin ition .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G en eral

e. A s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w hich in vo lve m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
n ic a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r i c a l duties w hich a r e not ty p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r i a l w ork .




D icta tio n in v o lv e s a n o rm a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y . M ay m ain tain f il e s , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo r m o th e r r e la tiv e ly rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

15
ST E N O G R A PH E R — C ontinued

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccou n tin g M achine O p e r a to r)— Continued

S ten og ra p h er, S e n io r

P o s itio n s a r e c la s s if ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs
o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a ls o set up and m ain tain f il e s , k eep r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n ­
s ib ility than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high
d e g r e e o f s ten og ra p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th orou gh w o rk in g know ledge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f fi c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f il e s , w o rk flo w , e t c .
U se s this k n ow ledge in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties and
r e s p o n s ib le c le r i c a l ta sk s such as m ain tain in g fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o ra n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s fr o m g e n e ra l in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g and
routin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n sw e rin g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n te lep h on e s w itch b o a rd handling in co m in g ,
ou tgoin g, in tra pla n t o r o f fi c e c a l ls . P e r f o r m s full tele p h o n e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r han dles
c o m p le x c a l ls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in add ition to
doin g rou tin e w ork as d e s c r ib e d f o r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r as a f u ll-t im e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u l l" tele p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ction s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d ersta n d a b le f o r te lep h on e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in te r r e la t e d fu n ctio n s , and co n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w hich ex te n s io n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te f o r c a l ls .)
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e sw itch b o a rd handling in c o m in g ,
ou tgoin g, intraplant o r o f fi c e c a l ls . M ay handle rou tin e lon g d ista n ce c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim ite d tele p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " te lep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ction s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily un d erstan d able fo r te lep h on e
in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the re q u e s ts a r e ro u tin e , e .g ., givin g e x te n s io n n u m b ers when
s p e c ific nam es a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e fe r r e d to an oth er o p e r a t o r .)
T h e se c la s s ific a t io n s do not in clu d e s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s in te le p h o n e c o m p a n ie s who
a s s is t c u s t o m e r s in p la cin g c a lls .
SW ITC H B OA RD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In add ition to p e r fo r m in g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le -p o s it io n o r m o n ito r -t y p e sw itc h ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r i c a l w o rk as p art o f re g u la r
d u tie s . T h is typing o r c le r i c a l w ork m a y take the m a jo r p art o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
s w itch b oa rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E le c t r ic A cco u n tin g M achine O p e ra to r)
O p era tes one o r a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p ro d u cin g punch, e t c . E x clu d e d fro m this d e fin itio n a r e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A ls o e x clu d e d a r e o p e r a to r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , e ven though th ey m a y a ls o o p e r a te
E A M equipm ent.

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le te re p o r tin g and tabulating a ssig n m en ts in clu d in g d ev is in g
d iffic u lt c o n tr o l panel w irin g under g e n e ra l s u p e r v is io n . A s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie ty o f long and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich often a r e ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g
s o m e planning o f the nature and seq u en cin g o f o p e r a tio n s , and the u se o f a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
ch in e s .
Is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p era tion s o r tra in in g
lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in the o p e ra tin g seq u en ces o f lon g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D oes not in clu d e p o s itio n s in w hich w irin g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim ite d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r tio n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s w o rk a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and under s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le te but routin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r ts o r p arts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s . O p era tes m o r e d iffic u lt tabulating o r e le c t r i c a l a c ­
counting m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la tor and c a lc u la t o r , in add ition to the s im p le r m a ch in es
u sed by c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to do s om e w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M ay tra in
new e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s .'
C la s s C . U nder s p e c ific in s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a te s s im p le tabulating o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g
m a c h in e s such a s the s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e t c . A s s ig n m en ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w ork unit, f o r e x a m p le , individual s o r tin g o r c olla tin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p e r a t io n s . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s , and do som e filin g w ork .
TR AN SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion in v olv in g a n o rm a l routin e v o c a b u la r y fro m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten co p y and do s im p le c le r i c a l w ork .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d icta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ica l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who takes d icta tion
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e is c la s s i f ie d as a ste n o g ra p h e r.
T Y P IS T
U se s a t y p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fter c a lc u la ­
tio n s have been m ad e by an other p e r s o n . M ay in clu d e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
r ia ls fo r u s e in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in volvin g little s p e c ia l train in g , such
as keeping s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te r ia l in final fo r m when
it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p ellin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , pun ctuation, e t c ., o f te c h n ica l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a t e ­
r ia l; o r planning layout and typin g o f c o m p lic a te d sta tis tic a l ta b le s to m aintain u n iform ity
and ba la n ce in s p a cin g . M ay type rou tin e fo r m l e t t e r s , vary in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C opy typing fr o m rough o r c le a r
d r a fts ; o r rou tin e typing o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l ic i e s , e t c .; o r setting up sim p le standard
tabu lation s; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b les a lr e a d y set up and sp a ced p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

COM PU TER OPERATOR
M o n ito r s and o p e r a te s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a digita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to op era tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u su a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o ^ r a m e r . W ork in clu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Studies in s tru ctio n s to d e te r m in e equipm ent setup and o p e r a tio n s ; loads equipm ent with r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .) ; sw itch e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u i t , and sta rts
and o p e r a te s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s adju stm en ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; re v ie w s e r r o r s m ade during o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s ca u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m ain tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay te st and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

co m p u te r o p e r a t o r s acre c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . O p erates indepen d en tly, o r under o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly te s te d
and in tro d u ce d ; sch edu lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it ic a l im p o rta n ce to m in im iz e d ow ntim e;
the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e sig n so that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e often r e q u ir e s a
w ork in g k n ow ledge o f the total p r o g r a m , and altern ate p r o g r a m s m ay not be a v a ila b le . M ay
g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu idan ce to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s in depen d en tly, o r under only g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n , a co m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M ost o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is : th e re is little o r no te stin g




o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; alte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b le t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r situ a ­
t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and tak es c o r r e c t i v e a ctio n . T h is u su a lly in v o lv e s applying p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e ste p s , o r u sin g standard c o r r e c t i o n te ch n iq u es.
OR
O p e ra te s u nd er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r segm ents o f p r o g r a m s
with the c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a to r by in d e­
pend ently p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt task s follow in g
d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and w ith fre q u en t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W orks on rou tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n . Is e x p ected to d e v e lo p
w ork in g kn ow ledge o f the co m p u te r equipm ent u s ed and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U su ally has r e c e iv e d s om e fo rm a l tra in in g in com p u ter o p e r a tio n .
M ay a s s is t h igh e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C o n v e rts statem en ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s a n a lyst, into
a se q u e n ce o f d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s w hich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data
p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. W orking fr o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
s tru ctio n s w h ich , when e n te r e d into the co m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d lan gu ag e, c a u s e the m an ipu lation

16
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS— C ontinued
o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s kn ow ledge o f
co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d to an a lyze c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m ste p s ; w rite s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w hich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tru ctio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l du rin g p ro d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte rs
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e ra tin g e f fic ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m ain tain s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m in g should be c la s s i f ie d as s y s te m s an a lysts i f th is is the s k ill u sed to d e te r m in e th e ir p ay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with s c ie n tific
a n d /o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W ork s indepen d en tly o r under only g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w hich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a ses o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orking fr o m d ia ­
g ra m s and c h a r ts w hich id e n tify the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s betw een v a r io u s ste p s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g rou tin e;
plans the full ra n ge o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tiliz e the co m p u te r sy s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c t s .
At th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u te r equipm ent m u st be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x te n s iv e nu m ber o f in tern al p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
such a ction s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f co m m o n o p e r a tio n s w hich can be re u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k age poin ts b etw een o p e r a t io n s , ad ju stm e n ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , and su bstantial m an ip u lation and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts
to fo r m a h igh ly in te g ra te d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B .
W orks indepen d en tly o r u nd er o n ly g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n on r e la tiv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts ) u su ally
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th re e v a r ie d s e q u e n ce s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis tin g s a r e p r o d u c e d by re fin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r a d d ition s to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m input data w hich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e fin e d in p r io r a ctio n s so that the a c c u r a c y and seq u en cin g
o f data can be te s te d by u sin g a few routin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls with
routin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) u nd er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h igh e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t h igh e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r by indepen d en tly p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt ta sk s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s under fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay guide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts usu ally
le a r n e d in fo r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to routin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e with
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo rm u la te p r o c e d u r e s fo r so lv in g them by u se o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r ip tio n o f all s p e c ific a t io n s n eeded to enable
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r it e r i a re q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d o cu m e n ts to
be u sed ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in su ffic ie n t d etail fo r
p r e s e n ta tio n to m a n a ge m e n t and fo r p r o g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a tio n o f w o rk and
data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a te s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and p a r ticip a te s in tr ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s : and re c o m m e n d s equipm ent ch a n g e s to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s a n a ly s is and p ro g r a m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a lysts i f th is is the sk ill used to d e te r m in e th e ir pay.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly sts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d with
s c ie n tific o r en g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s an a lysts a re c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W orks in depen d en tly o r under on ly g e n e ra l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in ­
v o lv in g a ll p h a se s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b eca u se o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. (F o r e xam p le, d e v e lo p s an in tegrated
p r o d u c tio n s ch e d u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and sa le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w hich




C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
e v e r y item o f each type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d through the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p ro p r ia te fo llo w u p a ctio n s a r e in itiated by the com p u ter.) C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a ­
tion s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s te m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s . M akes r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , if
n eeded , fo r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tion s o r ch an ges and fo r obtain in g equipm ent.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l
a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

le v e l s y s te m s a n a lysts who a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B . W orks in depen d en tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a re h om og en eou s and the output data a re c lo s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s fo r m a in tain in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a bank,
m ain tain in g a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il es ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in ven tory a cco u n ts
in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the
d^ta p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to be a p p lied .
OR
W orks on a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A . W ork s indepen d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m en ts and r e c e iv e s in s tru ctio n and guidance
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W ork is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d gm en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c tio n s , and to in s u re p r o p e r alin em en t with the o v e r a ll s y s te m .
C la s s C . W orks under im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a sin g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d esig n ed to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lica tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d fo r s y s te m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst by p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fro m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d by the h ig h er le v e l an a lyst.
D R A F TSM A N
C la s s A . P lans the g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m es ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W orks in c lo s e su p ­
p o r t with the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s . A n a ly zes the
e ffe c t o f each change on the d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n ction , and p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
ponen ts and p a r t s .
W orks with a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p leted w ork is
re v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s is t e n c y with p r i o r e n g in e e rin g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r le v e l d ra fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s nonrou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tio n o f m o s t o f the sta n d a rd iz ed draw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u sed . D uties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e such w ork a s :
P r e p a r e s w ork in g d raw in gs of s u b a s s e m b lie s with ir r e g u la r sh a p es,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s betw een c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
te c tu ra l d ra w in g s fo r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a bu ildin g in clu d in g d etail d ra w in g s o f fou n dation s, w all
s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s, and r o o f. U ses a c c e p te d fo rm u la s and m an u a ls in m aking n e c e s s a r y
com p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e qu a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tren g th s ,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ica l ad eq u a cy.
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d etail d ra w in gs o f s in g le units o r p a rts fo r en g in e e r in g , co n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g, o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p es o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r if y p os ition in g o f
co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n eed ed in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fr o m a nu m ber o f s o u r c e s
and a dju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d . S u g gested m eth od s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lica b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e given with in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In stru ction s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t -c h e c k e d during p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e r s by p la c in g t r a c in g cloth o r p a p er o v e r
d ra w in gs and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not in clu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
co n s is tin g o f stra igh t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r re p e titiv e d ra w in gs o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN
W orks on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s by p e r fo r m in g one o r m o r e
o f the fo llo w in g o p e r a tio n s : M o d ify in g , in s ta llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o v e rh a u lin g . T h e se o p e r a tio n s
r e q u ir e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f m o s t o r all o f the fo llo w in g ta s k s : A s s e m b lin g , testin g , adju stin g,
c a lib r a tin g , tuning, and alin in g.
W ork is n o n re p e titiv e and r e q u ir e s a k n ow ledge o f the t h e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p ertain in g to the u se o f g e n e ra l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n ic te s t equipm ent: tro u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e r a tio n , r e la tio n s h ip , and alin em en t o f e le c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u it s having
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a r ts .

17
E L E C T R O N IC S TECH N ICIAN — C ontinued

N URSE, IN D U STR IAL (R e g is t e r e d )

E le c t r o n ic equipm ent o r s y s te m s w o rk e d on t y p ic a lly in clu d e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
G rou n d , v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , navigation a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r grou n d ra d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d io and te le v is io n tr a n s m ittin g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u t e r s ; m is s i l e and s p a c e c r a ft g u id an ce and c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; in d u s tr ia l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in d ica tin g and c o n t r o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc .

A r e g is t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i l l o r
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
fa c to r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v olv e a com b in a tion o f the f o llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid
to the i ll o r in ju re d ; attending to subsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; keepin g r e c o r d s
o f patients tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r co m p e n s a tio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l exa m in a tio n s and health eva lu a tion s o f a p p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health e d u ca tion , a ccid e n t p r e v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant en viron m en t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and s a fety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l. N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s
o r head n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p loy in g m o r e than one n u r s e a r e e x clu d ed .

(E x clu d e p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ft s m e n , d r a fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f such standard e le c t r o n ic equipm ent as o f fi c e m a c h in e s , ra d io and te le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

M ACH IN IST, M AIN TE N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m aintain in go o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
ing w ood w ork and equipm ent su ch as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ad e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
P lann ing and layin g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ; u sin g a
v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and stan dard m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m a k ­
ing standard shop com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; and s e le ctin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p arts o f m e c h a n ic a l
equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h an dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; settin g up and op era tin g stan dard m a ch in e t o o ls ;
shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking standard shop com p u ta tion s rela tin g t o d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , fe e d s , and sp e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n ow ledge o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
the co m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g standard m a t e r ia ls , p a r ts , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TE N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s such as the in sta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r
r e p a ir o f equipm ent f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in an e s t a b ­
lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e l e c ­
t r ic a l equipm ent su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , heating u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent; w o rk in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u ts , o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and diagn osin g tr o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l
s y s te m o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g stan dard co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g o r
e l e c t r i c a l equipm ent;- and using a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h an dtools and m e a s u r in g and te stin g
in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s rou n ded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E ER, ST A TIO N A R Y
O p erates and m ain tain s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n o f s ta tio n a ry e n gin es and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to supply the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
heat, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O peratin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
such as stea m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
era tin g equipm ent, ste a m b o i le r s and b o i le r - f e d w a te r pu m p s; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
keepin g a r e c o r d of op e ra tio n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a tu r e , and fu e l co n su m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th es e o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in eer a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r ,
o r stea m . F e e d s fu e ls t o f ir e by hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a te r and sa fe ty v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o i l, o r a s s is t in r e p a irin g b o i le r r o o m equ ipm en t.
H E L P E R , M A IN TE N A N C E TR AD ES
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in ten a n ce tr a d e s , by p e r fo r m in g s p e c i fi c
o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eepin g a w o r k e r su p p lied w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
clea n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a ch in e , and equipm ent; a s s is tin g jo u rn e ym a n by h oldin g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th er u n sk ille d ta sk s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . Th e kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e : In s o m e tra d e s the h e lp e r i s co n fin e d
to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and holdin g m a te r ia ls and t o o ls , and cle a n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th e rs
he is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r parts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the op e ra tio n o f one o r m o r e types o f m a ch in e t o o ls , such a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , engine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u irin g c o m p lic a t e d setups o r
a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; using a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n ce ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts du rin g op e ra tio n
t o a c h ie v e r e q u is ite to le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s.
M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls need
d r e s s in g , t o d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i ls .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops a r e e x clu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .




M EC H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M ain ten a n ce)
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an esta b lis h m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining au tom otiv e equipm ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u s e o f su ch h an dtools as w re n ch e s ,
g a g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a r t s ; r e p la cin g b rok en o r
d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to c k ; g rin d in g and adju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g the v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts; and alin in g w h e e ls , adjustin g b rak es
and lig h ts , o r tightenin g b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the au tom otiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T h is c la s s if ic a t io n d o e s not in clu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au to­
m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s .
M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E x am in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d ism an tlin g o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the use
o f h an d tools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g brok en o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith item s obtained
fr o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u ctio n o f a rep la c e m e n t p a rt by a m a c h in e sh op o r sending o f the
m a ch in e t o a m a c h in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m ain ten an ce m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a ry duties
in v o lv e settin g up o r adju stin g m a c h in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h eavy equ ipm en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r h ea v y
equipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Plann ing and layin g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using a v a r ie t y
o f h an d tools and rig g in g ; m aking stan dard shop com p u tation s rela tin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f
m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; alin in g and b alan cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le c t in g standard t o o ls ,
equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g and m aintain ing in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m is s io n
equipm ent such as d r iv e s and sp e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s
the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
t io n s ; p re p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r painting by r e m ov in g old fin is h o r by p la cin g putty o r f il l e r in n ail

18
P A IN T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E — C ontinued

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R, M A IN TE N A N C E— C ontinued

h oles and in t e r s t ic e s ; and app lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w hite
lea d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to o btain p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the
m ain ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p rin ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; setting
up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g m a c h in e s ; usin g a v a r ie t y o f h an dtools
in cu tting, ben d in g, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s
as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u ivalen t train in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
In sta lls o r r e p a ir s w a te r, s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f pipe and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo ca te
p o s itio n o f p ip e fr o m d ra w in gs o r o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a c h in e s ; th read in g
p ipe w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; ■bend ing p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ipe w ith c o u p lin g s and fa ste n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs : m akin g stan d ard shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ipe r e q u ir e d ; and m aking stan dard t e s ts to d e te r m in e w hether fin ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gag ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g buildin g sanitation
o r heating s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in go o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l equipm ent and fix tu r e s
(su ch as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pan s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , tan k s, v e n tila to r s , ch u te s , d u c ts , m e ta l
ro o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll

T O O L AND D IE M A K ER
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
pun ch ing,, and o th e r m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and
layin g out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie t y o f t o o l and die m a k e r 's han dtools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in stru m en ts; u n d e r ­
standing o f the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls and r e la te d equ ipm en t; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im en sion s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts du rin g fa b r ic a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w ork in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip
o r eq u iva len t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
sh ops a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

t o o l and d ie m a k e r s in t o o l

and die jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AN D W ATCH M AN
G uard. P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e du ties, e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m ain tain in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In clu d es g atem en who a r e station ed at gate and c h e c k
on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y a g ain st f ir e ,
th eft, and ille g a l e n try .
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

SH IPPIN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ipm en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g sh ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork i n v o lv e s : A k n ow led ge o f shipping p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f the g o o d s sh ip p ed , m ak in g up b ills o f ladin g, p o s tin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and k eepin g
a file o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ipm en t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o lv e s ; V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ipm en ts
a gain st b ills o f lad in g, i n v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m ­
a ge d g o o d s ; routin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m ain tain in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f il e s .

C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n fa c t o r y w ork in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apa rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D uties in v o lv e
a co m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : S w eeping, m o p p in g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm en t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f i x ­
tu r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g su p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashin g a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H ANDLING
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u factu rin g plan t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h ose duties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g : L oadin g and unloading v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r ather tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; unp ackin g, sh e lv in g ,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tra n sp o rtin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r ro w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho load and unload sh ips a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O R D ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m s to r e d m e r ch a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in add ition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n ad d ition a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r re la te d du ties.

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ithin a c it y o r in d u s tria l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
equ ip m en t, o r m e n betw een v a r io u s ty p e s o f es ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an u factu rin g p lants, fre ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il es ta b lis h m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o loa d o r unload tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

f o llo w s :

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by s i z e and type o f equipm ent, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra ted on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (u nder IV 2 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eavy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a il e r typ e)

P A C K E R , SHIPPING
T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts f o r sh ipm en t o r s to r a g e by p la cin g them in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d being dependent upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n um ber
o f units to be pa ck ed , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s
the p la c in g o f ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g :
K now ledge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type
and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to
p r e v e n t b rea k a g e o r d am age; c lo s in g and se a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and applying la b e ls o r en te rin g
id en tify in g data on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ak e w ood en b oxes o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .




O p e ra te s a m an u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r ic -p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r o th e r es ta b lis h m en t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by type o f t r u c k ,

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

as fo llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t---The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
will be available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover.
Alamogordo—
Las Cruces, N. Mex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Amarillo, Tex.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, G a -S .C .
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Brevard Co., Fla.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana, 111.
Charleston, S.C.
Clarksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Corpus Christi, Tex.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene—
Springfield, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.

Copies of public releases are or

Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste.
Marie, Mich.
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
Northeastern Maine
Norwich—
Groton—
New London, Conn.
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Simi Valley^Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Santa Barbara—
Santa Maria—
Lompoc,
Calif.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield-Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Vallejo—
Fairfield—
Napa, Calif.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.
Yuma, Ariz.

F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .

Fitchburg-Leominster, Mass.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md.— a — Va.
P
W.
Fresno, Calif.
Grand Forks, N. Dak.
Grand Island—
Hastings, Nebr.
Greensboro-Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.

Reports for the following surveys conducted in the prior year but since discontinued are also available:
Lexington, Ky.*
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Wichita Falls, Tex.

Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Austin, Tex.*
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Ckla.
Great Falls, Mont.
* Expanded to an area wage survey in fiscal year 1973.

See inside back cover.

The twelfth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1742, National Survey of Professional, Administrative,
Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1971, 75 cents a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.,
20402, or any of its regional sales offices.




☆

U.

S.

G O V E R N M E N T

PRINTING

OFFICE:

1 97 2 — 74 6-1 85/ 3 3

I




A re a W a g e S u rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS
regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1----------------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1972__________
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1972 1___________________ _
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972 1
Atlanta, Ga., May 1972 1_______________________________
Austin, Tex., Dec. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1971_____________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1972______
Binghamton, N.Y., July 1971 1 _________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1972_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971__________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug, 1971_____________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1971_______________________________
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1971____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1972 1______________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Mar. 1972 1 ______________________
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1972 1 ___________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1971___________________
Chicago, 111., June 1972________________________________
Cincinnati, O h io-K yIn d ., Feb. 1972_________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1971________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1972 1__
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1 _____________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 19711____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1972 1 ________________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1972_____________________________
Durham, N.C., Apr. 1972 1____________________________
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla., Apr. 1972 1_______________________ ______
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1971___________________________
Green Bay, W is., July 1972 1__________________________
Greenville, S.C., May 1972____________________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1972______________________________
Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1972 1 __________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971_____________________ _____
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1971_________________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1971___________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass—
N.H., June 1972 1________
Lexington, Ky., Nov. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1972 1______
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1972_____________________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1972 1____________________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1971__________________________
Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Nov. 1971 1 ____________________
Miami, F la., Nov. 1971________________________________
Midland and Odessa, T ex., Jan. 1972 1 ________________

Bulletin number
and price
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents

1725-16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1775- 1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725- 18,
1725-81,

35 cents
30 cents
55 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1775-2,

55 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,

45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
Milwaukee, W is., May 1972 1---------------------------------------Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1 ______________
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1_____
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1 ____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1972---------------------------------------New York, N.Y., Apr. 1972 1 __________________________
Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972_____________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1971 1_____________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1______________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1972 1 __________
Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., Nov. 1971 1___________________
Phoenix, A riz., June 1971________________ _______ ____
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1972____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1----------------- ---- ----------------Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1972 1 ----------------------------Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N.Y.,
June 1972 1 ___________________________________________
Providence—
Warwick—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass.,
May 1972______________________________________________
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1971___________ ___________ ______
Richmond, V a., Mar. 1972 1 __________________________
Riverside—
San Bernardino—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1971_____________________________________________
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only), July 19711
—
Rockford, 111., June 1972 1 _________ ___________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1972________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971________ ______________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1972__________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1971 1_________________________
San Francis co-Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1 ___________
San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1972____________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1972 1 ____________________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1971______ ________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1972_____ _______________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971________________________
South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 __________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1___________________________
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1971 1____________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Nov. 1971 1______________
Toledo, Ohio-Mich., Apr. 1972 1 ______________________
T rent on, N.J., Sept. 1971______________________________
Utica-Rome, N.Y., July 1972__________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Mar. 1972 1 ______________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972 1________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_________________ ____ ______
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1972 1____________________________
Worcester, Mass., May 1972 1_________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1972 1 ________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1 _______________

Bulletin number
and price
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45cents
50cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
50cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725- 13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30cents
35cents
35cents
40cents
50cents
30cents
40 cents
35cents
35cents

1725-80,

35cents

1725-70,
1725-5,
1725-72,

30 cents
30cents
35cents

1725-43,
1725-7,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725- 1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1725-78,
1725- 12,
1775-3.
1725-93,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30cents
35cents
35cents
cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
50cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
45cents
cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
cents
35cents
35cents

35

35

70

35

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

MAIL

BUREAU O F LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G TO N , D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BU SIN E SS
PENALTY FOR PR IV ATE USE $300

POSTAGE AN D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-446

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
M aine
Massachusetts
New Ham pshire
Rhode Island
Verm ont

Region V
8th Floor, 300 South W acker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illino is
Indiana
M ichigan
M innesota
Ohio
W isconsin




Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area C ode 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region VI
1100 Com m erce St. Rm. 6B7
D allas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area C ode 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New M exico
O klahom a
Texas

Region I II
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Ph iladelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)
Delaw are
District of C olum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
W est Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 P eachtree St. N.E.
A tlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area C ode 404)
Alabam a
Florida
G eorgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 W alnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
V II
V III
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
M ontana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 G olden G ate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Alaska
Arizona
Idaho
C a lifo rn ia
Oregon
Hawaii
W ashington
Nevada


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102