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Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library

DEC 2 61972
do cum ent collection

AREA WAGE SURVEY
t e P h o e n ix , A r i z o n a , M e t r o p o l i t a n A re a ,
June 1972

Bulletin 17 25-94
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

New York, N .Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia. Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago. III. 60606
Dallas. Tex. 75202
Phone: 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017 '
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




AREA W A G E S U R V E Y

B u lle tin 17 25 -9 4
D ecem ber 1972

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R , James D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUR EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e P h o e n ix, A rizo n a , M e tro p o lita n A rea, J u n e 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page

1.
5.

In trod u ctio n
W age tre n d s fo r se le c te d o c cu p atio n al g ro u p s
T ab les:

4.

1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d i e d
In d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w ee k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s

A.

O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O ffice o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m e n
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m en
m
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s— e n and w o m en c o m b in ed
m
A - 4 . M ain te n an ce and p o w e rp lan t o c c u p a tio n s
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

B.

6.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v i s io n s :
B - l . M in im um e n tran ce s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs
B - 2 . Sh ift d i f fe r e n t ia ls
B - 3 . S c h e d u le d w ee k ly h o u r s and d a y s
B - 4 . P a i d h o lid ay s
B -5 . P aid vacation s
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s i o n p l a n s

7.
9.

10 .
11 .

12 .

14.
15.
16.
17.

18.

20.

23.

A p pendix.

O ccu p atio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 55 cents

Preface
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of an n u al o c c u p a tio n a l
w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y
w age p r o v isio n s.
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d f o r
g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e ­
g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g
a r e a s and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .
At th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s
th e r e s u l t s .
A fte r c o m p le tio n of a ll in d iv id u al a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a
r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The fir st
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n fo r m a t io n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i ­
v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
N i n e t y - f o u r a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
In
e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y
an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
bien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y in P h o e n i x , A r i z . ,
in J u n e 19 7 2 .
T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d
b y t h e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d g e t ( f o r m e r l y t h e B u r e a u o f th e
Budget) th ro u gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of M a r ic o p a County.
Th is,
s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in S a n F r a n c i s c o ,
C a lif . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n of D . B r u c e H a n c h e tt, D ep u ty
R egion al D ir e c to r fo r O p eration s.




N o te :
Sim ilar reports
in sid e b ack c o v e r .)

are

av ailab le

fo r other a r e a s .

(See

U n io n w a g e r a t e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e P h o e n i x a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n ;
p rin tin g ; lo c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; lo c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s
a n d h e l p e r s ; an d g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 94 in w h ic h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e o b ­
t a i n e d by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u factu rin g;
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin an ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th e se stu d ie s a r e go vern m en t
o p e r a t i o n s an d t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s
s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a ra te tab u latio n s a r e p ro v id e d fo r
e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
N on prod u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x ­
c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s an d i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d .2 W here w eek ly h ou rs a re re p o rte d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to t h e n e a r e s t
h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of pay for o v e rtim e at re g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m
rates).
A v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n in g s fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h ave been
ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u al o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s an d
em p lo y m en t p a tte rn s . F o r e x am p le , p ro p o rtio n s of w o rk e rs em ployed
by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d by n e w w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2, a r e
b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s t h a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l . e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . T o
ob tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , all e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e given t h e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w eight. E s t i ­
m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccu p atio n s and E a r n in g s

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t c o m p o site , areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f t h e s e x e s w it h in
individual e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e a c t u a l
r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
t h e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (4) c u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in t h e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d ,
th e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m ­
b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d ,
o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d
in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a ­
t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
E a r n i n g s d a t a not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d
in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a , w h e r e s h o w n .
L ik e w ise , data a r e
i n c l u d e d in t h e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s n ot s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n t o s u b c l a s s i f y
i s not a v a i l a b l e .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in t h e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y a n d not th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
1
Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b tain ed
areas are Binghamton, N. Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and

West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N. Y.
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and U tica—Rome, N .Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
more lim ited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




2
Special payments provided for work in designated parts of the area by companies not con­
sidering such payments a part of the regular salary or hourly rate were not included because of
reporting problems. Such instances are few and do not have a large im pact on the published data.

1

2
f r o m t h e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
the r e la t iv e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e arn in g s data.
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v i s io n s a s they
r e l a t e to p l a n t - a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a t a f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in the e s t i m a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k ­
e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o rk e rs p e r fo r m in g c l e r ic a l o r r e la te d fu n ction s. C a f e t e r ia w o rk e rs
a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d i n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d
in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f t h e o p t i m u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ilit y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tran ce r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
ab o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l le v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (tab le B - 2 ) a r e lim ite d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 3 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on t h e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e o f t h e
su rvey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
la t e - sh ift h o u rs a r e p a id at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe re n tia l w as r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h i f t h o u r s .
The s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s (tab le B - 3 ) o f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f t h e f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s
ap p ly in g to a ll of the p la n t- o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s of th at e s ta b li s h m e n t .
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s a n d d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l ­
t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at
straigh t-tim e or o v ertim e ra te s.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; an d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n ­
s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e
b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p l a n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a

m a jo r i t y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y even tu ally qu alify fo r
t h e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h
B - 6 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in
w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m . H o l i d a y s o r d i ­
n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o r k d a y
a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f . T h e f i r s t p a r t o f th e
p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o le a n d h a l f h o l i d a y s
actu ally granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w hole and h alf h o lid a y s
to show to ta l h o lid ay t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s not i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c if ic b e n e ­
fits.
P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to a l l p l a n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s o f len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r t h a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t o f an n ual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u iv ­
a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . O n ly b a s i c p l a n s a r e i n c l u d e d . E s t i m a t e s e x ­
c lu d e v a c a t i o n bon us and v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and t h o s e w hich o f f e r
" e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s w ith q u a l i f y i n g
l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . S u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m ,
and c an in d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t. Su ch p l a n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n by a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y by
t h e e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
fo r th is p u r p o s e . An e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d to h ave a p la n if
t h e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r t h e p l a n ,
ev en if l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e le c t e d to p a r t ic i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t o f t h e p l a n . L e g a l l y r e ­
q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , an d
r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t w ere exclu d ed .
S i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e is l im it e d to that typ e of in ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to t h e i n s u r e d d u r i n g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a tio n i s p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll su c h p l a n s to w hich the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b ­
utes.
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u ­
t i o n s , 4 p l a n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e
t h a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s
w h ic h e x c e e d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e l a w .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s ic k

3
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
’ The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




3
l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 5 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a
p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of
illn ess.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s
w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o ­
v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n to t h e p r e s e n ­
t a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d
a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d to ta l i s shown
o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b oth t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

the d i s a b ilit y , a m a x im u m a g e , o r e lig ib ility f o r r e t i r e m e n t b e n e f its .
P a y m e n t s m a y b e a t f u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y but a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s r e ­
d u c e d by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n
b e n e fits p a y a b le to the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and in ju r y in volvin g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d t h e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , an d
s u r g i c a l p l a n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y p l a n s p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to t o t a l l y d i s ­
p le te o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D ental in su r a n c e u su a lly
a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the e x p ir a tio n of t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d / o r
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e p l a n s w h ic h
s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d of
c o v e r only o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y be u n d e r ­
d isa b ility (typ ically 6 m on th s).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n t il t h e e n d o f
w ritten by c o m m e r i c a l i n su r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on p rofit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y t h e e m p l o y e r ou t o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
5
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the mini­ t h i s p u r p o s e . T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r t h e r e m a i n d e r o f the
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.
w o r k e r 's life.




4

T a b le 1.

E sta b lis h m en ts and w o rk e rs w ithin sc ope o f s u rv ey and n u m b e r studied in P h o e n ix , A r iz .,1 by m a jo r in d u s try d ivisio n ,2 J u n e 1 9 7 2
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y
S t u d ie d

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

T o ta l4

S t u d ie d

P la n t
N u m ber

P ercen t

T o ta l4

65 6

159

1 5 0 , 571

100

9 3 . 129

2 7 ,8 7 0

8 8 ,6 9 9

50

170
486

43
116

6 1 , 029
8 9 ,5 4 2

41

8 ,0 5 2
1 9 .8 1 8

4 2 ,2 1 0

59

3 9 ,3 6 1
5 3 , 768

50
50
50
50
50

45

15
13
48
15
25

1 2 ,5 8 1
7 ,4 4 3
3 9 ,5 0 3
1 6 ,2 3 4
1 3 , 781

8

7, 05 4

2 , 266

5
26

( 6)
3 2 ,2 4 8

( 6)
2 ,6 9 1

11

O
( 6)

( 6)

9 , 354
2 , 374
1 9 .6 8 7
1 0 .6 4 9
4 ,4 2 5

A l l d i v i s i o n s __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e -------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ------------S e r v i c e s 8 --------------------------------------------------------------

O ffic e

69
207
60
105

9

(‘ )

4 6 ,4 8 9

_

L—

1 The

P h o e n i x S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t ( f o r m e r l y th e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t ) t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f M a r i c o p a
C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
The
e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 67 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
5 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S e v e r a l e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s ( s u p p l y i n g l e s s th a n
h a l f t h e e l e c t r i c c o n s u m p t i o n in M a r i c o p a C o u n t y ) w e r e p u b l i c l y o p e r a t e d a n d e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s t u d y .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
1 W o rk ers
fro m
t h is e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m
t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8
H o t e ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s an d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s
s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r ,
r e n ta l,
and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s
(e x c lu d in g
r e lig io u s an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t w o - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in t h e P h o e n i x a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d
s p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u s tr y g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d
s u p p l i e s --------------------------------------- 3 7

E le c t r o n ic c o m p o n e n ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s ------------------------------- 30
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ----------------------- 13
O f f i c e a n d c o m p u t in g
m a c h i n e s ____________________________
9
6
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______
N o n f e r r o u s r o l l i n g an d
d r a w i n g ______________________________
5

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _______ 15
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _ 12
_
F o o d an d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ______
6
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s _______
6
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c t s _____________________________
5
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ___________

5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d iffe r

fr o m

p r o p o r tio n s

based

on

th e

r e s u lt s

of

th e

su rvey

as

show n

in

ta b le

1 above.

W a g e T r e n d s f o r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e f o r t h e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r an d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in dex.

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of ch an ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g t h e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a t e o f
the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . A n n u a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
s h o w n , r e f l e c t the a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d on t h e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
b e t w e e n s u r v e y s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r t h e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e arn in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r p la n tw o rk e r g r o u p s, they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
l a t e s h i f t s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h an ge , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h ave d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Bookkeeping- machine
Electricians
operators, class B
Secretaries
Machinists
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
Clerics, file, classes
A and B
P a in te r s
A, B, and C
P ip e f it t e r s
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Clerks, order
Tool and die makers
Clerks, payroll
class B
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Janitors, portere, and
Industrial nurses (men and
Messengers (office boys or
cleaners
women):
Laborers, m aterial handling
girls)
Nurses, industrial (registered)

The
p l i e d b y the
in th e g r o u p
w ere re lated
g a t e f o r the

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in t h e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n ge r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r eac h occu p atio n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
w e re totaled .
The a g g r e g a t e s for 2 co n secu tiv e y e a r s
b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a r lie r year.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e ho urly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in

P h o e n ix , A riz ., J u n e 1 9 71 an d J u n e 1 9 7 2 , an d p e rc e n ts fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A l l in d u s tr ie s

P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

In d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

M a n u fa c t u r in g

S k ille d
m a in te n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t w o rk ers
(m e n )
In d e x e s (M a r c h

June
June

1 9 7 1 _______________________________________________ _____
1 9 7 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------

122. 0
128. 0

130. 2
137. 6

125. 6
139. 9

1 2 3 .4
133. 0

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n an d
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tr a d e s
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t w o rk ers
(m e n )

1 9 6 7 :1 0 0 )

122. 6
127. 5

O
<‘ )

12 4. 9
136. 9

119. 6
120. 8

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e
M a r c h I 9 6 0 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 1 -----------------------------------M a r c h 1961 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 2 ____________________________
M a r c h 1 9 62 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 3 ____________________________
M a r c h 1 9 6 3 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 4 -----------------------------------M a r c h 1 9 6 4 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 5 ____________________________
M a r c h 1 965 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 6 ____________________________
M a r c h 1966 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
M a r c h 1 9 67 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------M a r c h 1 9 68 t o M a r c h 1 9 69 ____________________________
M a r c h 1 969 t o M a r c h 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
M a r c h 1970 to J u n e 1 971:
1 5 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e --------------------------------------- -----A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ____________________________
J u n e 1971 t o J u n e 1 9 7 2 -------------------------------------------

1 D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

2. 6
3. 8
4. 3
3 .4
3. 1
3. 3
5. 8

(M

3 .9
5 .9
4. 6

(*>
(!)
(*)
(*)
{*)

2. 8
6. 5
1. 1
. 9
2. 3
3. 7
3. 1
3 .4

6. 2
7. 0

5 .9
3. 7

4 .4
4. 2
7. 8
0
1 .8
2. 4
4 .4
5. 7
5. 0
2. 5

6. 0
4. 8

8 .9
7. 1

10. 7
8. 5

8 .4
6. 7

6 .9
5. 5

(‘)
(*)

9. 1
7. 2

3. 8
3. 1

4. 9

5. 7

1 1. 4

7. 8

4. 0

(')

9 .6

1. 0

(')
4. 7
2. 0

(')
(')
(' )

3. 0

1 .9
1. 9
2 .8
3 .4
5. 0
3. 5
4. 8
3. 5
5 .6
5. 0

6. 2
6. 2

3. 3
7. 5
3. 1

2 .9
4 .4
5. 6
2. 3
3 .2
2 .8
2 .6
4. 6
7 .4

5. 2

(*)

(l)

(’)

1

h
o

(')
M
o

7

A.

O c c u p a t i o n a l earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

P h o e n ix , A r i z . ,

N u m b e r of w o rk e rs
*

*

Average
weekly

r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a -n in g s o f—
%

t

$

$

$

$

»

$

Ju n e 1972)

o c c u p a t io n , a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

of

*

S

$

t

$

$

S

f

t

S

(standard

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

11 0

115

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

70

Sex,

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

110

115

12 0

130

160

150

160

17 0

18 0

19 0

200

210

220

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
l

16
2
12

12
-

13
3
10

8
3

14
7
7

5
4
1

3
2
1

3
3
~

1

1
1

_

12

“

-

8

7

-

-

-

5

3

-

-

-

-

7
6

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

52
23
29
8

83

46

32

15

11

1

51
23

27
2

18

43
28
15

14
3
11
1
i

2
2

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65
Mean ^

Median 2

Middle ranged

and
under

MEN
C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------------M AN U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

MESSENGERS { O F F I C E B O Y S ) -----------------------N ON M AN U FA CT U RI N G ------------------------------------

81
30
51

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

$
1 31.50
163.00
126.00

$
128.00
163.50
119.50

$
$
1 1 5 .00-163.50
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

-

43
33

3 9.0

85.50

8 5.00

7 9 .0 0 -

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------------------------------------

33

6 0 .0

93.50

98.5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

2

~

5

2

6

6

59

6 0 .0

115.50

106.50

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

-

-

-

6

2

2

3

13

-

BO OK KEEPIN G-M AC H IN E
Cl a s s b
N ON M AN U FA CT U RI N G

60
60

6 0 .0
60.0

1 08.50
111.50

106.50
1 07.50

1 0 1 .50-116.00
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

28
16

8

-

6
6

5

-

-

8

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

1
-

8
-

10
-

23
-

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
1

26
2
26

8

-

66
17
29
4

69
11

1

27
3
26

62
-

21
-

11
-

72
-

23
-

21
-

11
-

72
-

23
-

53
4
49
-

-

60
15
7
4

59
16
45
4
26

52
35
17

-

56
10
46
1
22

55

62
-

58
11
67
-

10

7

2

5
2

“

16

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R AT OR S,
C L A S S A ---------------------------------------------------------------

1
9 2 .5 0

8

1

WOMEN

OPERATORS,
------------------------------------

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ----------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M AN U FA CT U RI N G -----------------------------------R E T A I L TRAOE -----------------------------------------

653
161
312
70

3 9.5
6 0 .0
3 9.5
6 0 .0

1 26.00
136.50
1 21.50
122.50

123.50
1 3 7 .0 0
118.00
1 19.50

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .00-136.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N ON M AN U FA CT U RI N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE -----------------------------------------

692
178
516
35
208

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0.0
6 0 .0

1 0 5.50
117.50
101.00
169.00
1 00.00

103.00
116.50
9 9 .0 0
2 0 6.00
1 00.50

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 6.50-209.00
9 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ------------------------------N ON MA NU F AC T UR I NG ------------------------------------

75
65

6 0 .0
6 0.0

105.50
1 06.50

96 .0 0
88.50

8 5 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A SS C ------------------------------N ON MA NU F AC T UR I NG ------------------------------------

13 5
129

39.5
3 9.5

81.50

82.50

7 6 .5 0 -

C L E R K S , ORDER --------------------------------------------------N ON M AN U FA CT U RI N G ------------------------------------

66
62

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

105.00
96 .0 0

109.00
91.0 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

C L E R K S , P A YR O LL ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G -----------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------

19 8
82
116
59

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

106.50
113.50
1 0 2 .0 0
9 6.00

1 06.00
1 11.00
99.5 0
90.00

8 6 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERAT ORS --------------------N ON M AN U FA CT U RI N G -----------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------

67
60
30

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 09.00
105.00
103.00

10 7 .5 0
1 05.50
1 03.00

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----------M A NU F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------N ON M AN U FA CT U RI N G ------------------------

295
111
186

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 15.00
1 21.00
111.50

1 11.50
1 17.00
106 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .00-135.50
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

-

See

fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




8 6 .5 0

58
26

-

11

26

7

39

21

107
27
80
2
38

6
6

9
9

16
9

6

-

2
2

-

4
6

3
3

11
1

2
2

4
i

11

26

9

67

28

4

4

3

1

2

6
6

16
16

10
10

-

-

3
3

13
i

3

-

3

i

3

-

i

12

9

25
2
23
13

18
13
5
2

6
4
2
2

17
9
8
4

15
6
9
4

8
5
3
2

23
12
11
10

7

29
10
19
7

18
15

2

2

u

-

5
5
5

3
3

7
7
4

13
5
2

3
3
2

2
2
2

1

13

62
6
36

59
20
39

27
11
16

21
8
13

43
26
17

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

*

12
6

9
9

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

5
5
5

-

_
-

-

1

-

13

_

7

3

-

6

i

20

50

16

36

1

-

8
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 1 972)
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number
of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
*

$

Average
weekly

t

t

o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

t

S

$

$

t

i

$

%

$

$

s

t

$

*

$

$

(standard)

WOMEN -

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

n o

115

120

130

160

150

16 0

17 0

18C

19 0

200

210

70

Sex,

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

13 0

16 0

15 0

160

170

18 0

1 90

2 00

210

220

1

1

-

-

-

15
-

29
-

1

15

-

-

1
-

15
5
10
~

1

1

8

29
16

29
10
19
2

1

26
1
23
10
1

66
5
39
6
13

67
26
61
16
4

28
19
9
2
_

35
25
10
2
-

33
11
22
16
8

7
6
3
2
-

1
~

-

~

“

~

*

-

_
-

-

-

-

39
39

12 5
20
10 5
2
2

126
22
102
8
1

82
19
63
7
8

192
51
161
17
2

3 15
75
2 40
26
27

2 92
156
13 6
12
21

2 65
153
112
30
13

151
92
59
30
6

99
48
51
22
4

103
68
35
12
1

30
20
10
4

-

86
3
83
1

60
29
11
4
i

20
5
15
11
~

2
1
1
1
~

9
1
8

4
i
3

10
6
4

19
15
4

5
4
i

6
3
3

10
3
7

1

26
7
19
2

30
8
22
6

21
5
16
5

15
6
9
6

3
-

10
2
8
8

-

9
9

31
26
5
1

-

-

-

65
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle ranged

and
under

CONTINUED
$
110.50
116.50
107 .0 0
113.50
1 0 0.00

$
$
9 7 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .00-136.00
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

1,9 7 6
762
1,212
186
87

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0.0
6 0 .0
6 0.0

1 3 3.00
166.00
1 2 6.50
1 6 7.50
132.50

130.50
162.00
122.50
168.00
131 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .50-139.50
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

86
33
51

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

163.00
176.00
1 56.50

165.00
1 75.50
168.00

1 6 2 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
167.5 0 -1 8 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

232
83
149
32

6 0 .0
4 0.0
6 0 .0
4 0 .0

150.00
1 4 9.00
150.50
1 73.00

167.50
144.00
151.50
1 77.50

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
126.5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
156.0 0 -1 9 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

805
263
562
33

6 0.0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 3 3.50
168.50
1 2 7 .0 0
1 36.50

131.50
1 4 9.00
125.00
136.00

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0
127.5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

853
603
6 50

3 9.5
6 0 .0
39 .5

125.00
1 3 7.50
1 1 6 .0 0

123.50
1 36.00
116.00

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 5 .50-168.00
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

367
105
262
62

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9.5
6 0 .0

113.00
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
106.50

112.00
118.00
1 09.50
1 05.50

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

628
222
206

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 8 .5

121.50
1 32.00
111.00

126.00
131.50
1 06.50

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

82
36
66

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 17.00
131.50
1 06.00

1 16.50
132.00
1 06.50

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 1.50-111.50

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

127
120
61

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9.5

93.0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

89.00
87.50

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

128
50
78
37

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9.0
6 0 .0

1 06.50
1 01.50
106.50
9 2 .5 0

102.00
1 02.00

TY P IS TS , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

131
68

4 0 .0
6 0 .0

108.00
1 1 3 .5 0

1 05.50
1 13.00

9 6 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

3 70
1 18
252
38

3 9.5
6 0 .0
3 9.5

9 7 .5 0
94 .5 0
1 0 5 . C0 1 0 5 . 0 0
8 9 . 50
94.50
1 2 6 .0 0 !1 3 2 .0 0

8 6 . 0 0 - 1 0 9 . 0C
9 8 .0 C -1 1 6 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 6 6 .or

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




o

o
o

$
109.50
1 16.50
1 06.00
119 .5 0
100.00

sO

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0.0
6 0 .0
6 0.0

o

329
106
223
53
53

o

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

1 0 1 .0 0
93.0 0

9 6 .0 0-1
9 7 .0 0-1
9 3 .0 0-1
8 2 .0 0 -

0 8 .0 0
0 6 .5 0
0 9 .5 0
98.0 0

-

-

9
-

1
1
“

-

~
“

“

-

-

-

-

9
-

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

6

-

_

_

-

-

10

6

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

10

6

19
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
6
31
6

36
28
6
-

38
22
16
3

118
8
n o
9

117
30
87
9

12 3
46
77
8

68
44
26
1

50
25
25
1

27
12
15
1

-

-

-

19

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

9

35

_

_

20

-

-

2

-

-

-

20
10

22
2
20

8

-

2
-

-

-

_

_

1

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

74
7
67

-

63
3
40
i

35

63

21
7
16

-

-

67
12
55
1

51
13
38

67
8
59

61
12
49

106
39
67

152
63
89

135
98
37

95
84
11

53
60
13

9
9
“

36
36
”

i
i
•

-

-

63

44
6
38
6

38
10
28
5

48
16
32
6

65
15
30

35
9
26
4

l
1

3

_

-

_

_

-

-

7
3
4

-

-

46
31
15
6

19
2
17

-

29
10
19
5

35

30

16
10
6

63
16
27

99
60
39

86
79
7

66
36
12

10
10

6
6

-

6
1
3

-

-

6
1
5

_

-

35

11
2
9

6
2
4

2
2

20
19
1

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

15
8
7

8
8
3

3

5

-

4

8

"

-

-

1

30

39
5
36

-

_

_

2

1

-

19

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

1

-

16
16
1

6
6

29
29
n

12
12
8

3
3
1

18
17
11

18
18

1
1
-

-

19

8

4

-

-

1
1

8

4

-

4

-

26
10
16
12

13
2
11
8

38
26
12
1

-

-

i

f
t

1
l

57
14
43
1

7

3
3

3
2

1

4

13
i

2
-

12

i

2

"

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

~

6

1

1

4
i

1
1

-

~

“

“

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

7
3
4
i

-

-

~

-

_

-

-

“

"
-

-

3
1
1

*

7
6

3

-

_

1
*

4
“

-

_

l

i

6

20

6

9
6

-

*

12
12

_

4

14
12

_

-

13
9

_

-

12
5

7

-

25
9

n

-

7

-

“

_

-

38
8
30

68

48
13
35

33
8
25

33
26

25
10
15
7

36
26
10

16
12

12

6

5

-

-

-

6
6

5
5

-

“

12
12

-

3

12
11
1
1

L

35

2

-

-

i

35

?

“

-

4
64
4

-

7

4

“

—

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 1 9 7 2 )
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

S e x , o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workere

(standard]

Median **

Middle range 2

t

t

100
Mean 2

N um ber of w o rk e rs

_______
t

Average
weekly

n o

$
120 130

t

$

140

%

$

150

160

r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—
t

s

170

180

i

190

200

S
210

%

{

220

230

$
$
240 250

%

*

i

*

260

270

280

and
under
no

290
and

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

4

6

2 30

240

250

-

1

1

1

1

4
4

_

-

_
-

-

9
i
8

8
i
7

-

260

270

280

290

over

MEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

146
96
50

$
$
$
$
40.0 174.50 175.00 169.50-181.50
40.0 178.00 176.00 171.50-181.50
40.0 167.50 172.50 147.00-181.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

138
88
50

40.0 145.50 143.00 127.00-158.50
40.0 150.00 150.00 135.00-160.00
40.0 137.00 139.50 119 .50-154.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

80
50
30

40.0 243.50 243.00 213 .00-266.00
40.0 255.50 257.50 242.50-273.00
40.0 223.50 216.00 208.50-228.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

77
30
47

40.0 204.00 203.50 184 .50-217.00
40.0 216.50 214.50 207 .00-229.00
40.0 195.50 196.00 175.00-208.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

63

40.0 273.50 275.00 253.00-295.00
40.0 281.50 283.50 254.00-305.00

_

39

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

54
35

40.0 244.00 243.50 223.50-262.00
40.0 237.00 232.50 218.00-255.00

i
1

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

197
159

40.0 203.00 205.00 185.00-220.50
40.0 206.50 207.50 193.00-222.00

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

173
76
97

40.0 154.00 151.50 140.00-170.00
40.0 170.00 170.00 158.00-180.50
40.0 141.50 141.50 136.00-150.50

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

89
36

40.0 128.00 132.50 105.00-143.00
40.0 140.00 140.50 132.00-149.50

23
“

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

515
515

40.0 188.00 189.50 172.50-205.50
40.0 188.00 189.50 172.50-205.50

_

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

31
25

40.0 138.50 136.50 130.00-155.00
40.0 134.50 135.00 122.50-141.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL {REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52
43

40.0 167.50 171.00 157.00-179.50
40.0 167.00 172.50 15 7 .CO-179.50

-

-

3

8

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4

17
16
1

69
53
16

22
14
8

2
2
“

7
4
3

28
23
5

11
3
8

7

4
4

2
2

2
2

_

_

*

3

3

4

18
12

2

13
2
11

6

19
12
7

22
12
10

_

_

_

_

“

“

_

_

8
6

6

7
1
_

W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

13
n
2

9
9
"

8
7
1

5
5

1
1

~

_

_

”

_

“

-

1
1

_

4
3
1

2
1
1

i
i
“

1
1

1
1
*

1
1

1

4

14
9

3

1

11
4

16
7

1

9

12

9
3

11
2

16
10

6

9

12
4
8

6

5
5
~

1

3

2

1

3
3

7
7

7

6

8

8

4

5

5

4

3

i

26
25

15
15

9

-

6

-

30
30

9
9

-

_

12

22
9

20
19

29
28

33
24

28
26

31
14
17

19
17
2

20
18
2

16
14
2

l
1

4
3
1

117
117

41

54
54

97
97

65
65

21

-

21

~

21

30

7
1

10

22
11

14
10

10

6

6

_

-

6
6

**18
15

4

5

1

2

4

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

3
2

6
6

4
4

25
25

17
17

50
50

2
1

12
12

3

6
3

1
l

2

3
3

2

15
14

4

-

6
6
-

*10
8
2

2
2

2
2

-

36

1

1

“

15
7

“
21

1

_

3

“

_

_

“
_

-

1

6

41

WOMEN

*
**

-

_

2

2

2

1
15
13

8
7

6 a t $2 90 to $ 3 00 ; 3 at $300 t o $320; an d 1 a t $320 to $340.
4 a t $290 to $3 00 ; 10 a t $300 to $3 20 ; 2 a t $320 t o $3 40 ; 1 a t $360 to $3 80 ; an d 1 a t $380 t o $400.

2
2

-

1

10
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b in e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n ,

W
eekly

W
eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Num
ber
of

Occupation and industry division

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS -

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS

W
eekly
W
eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

(B IL L IN G
37

4 0 .0

$
1 0 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — —
— — — —

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A — — — — — —— — — —
—
—
—

Av.rift

— —
— —

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

$

1 ,9 7 4
7 62
1 ,2 1 2
184

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0

*
*0

SECRETARIES* CLASS A —
84

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B — — — — — — —
— — —
— —
— —

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

—

— --------

60
AO

— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

33

534
171
363
75

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0

2 32
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — —
— — — —

—

—

149
32

714

4 0 .0

5 27
35
2 13

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

75
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

140
1 33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

133
31
102

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS*
1 5 0 .5 0
1 7 3 .0 0

201
117
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

67
40
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A — — — —
— — —
MANUFACTURING — —
— — —
— — —
— — —

2 96
111
105

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B — —
—

3 32
106
2 26
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

44

39 0
3 9 .0

88 00
8 5 .0 0

n t 1 A IL
CLERKS*

1nAUL

OROER —

B
— — —
—

n GNMANUFACTURING

—

—

—

— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —

MANUFACTURING — — —
— —
NOn MANUFACTURING

— —
— —

— — —
— —

NONMANUFACTURING — — — — —
— — — —

M )* 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

450

39^5

1 25 0 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

____
See

fo o tn o te




at e n d o f t a b le s .

,,

2 0 1 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

222
2 06

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

82
36
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

127
120
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

128
50

3 9 .5
* 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

*3

* 0 .0

2 8 2 .0 0

41

4 0 .0

2 3 3 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*

MANUFACTURING — —
— — — — — — — —
— — — — — —
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
— —
— — — —
Sw it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s * c l a s s a
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
— — —
— —

NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —

SWITCHBOARD O PE RA TO R -RE CE P TIO NIS TS -

2
—

2 5 5 .5 0
40^ 6 2 2 0 .5 0

88

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0

3 67
105

NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —

36

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

562
33

42

CLERKS y F IL E * CLASS o
NOn MANUFACTORING — — — — — — —
— —— — — — —

R E TA IL TRADE

0

*
? o *o
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
— —
— — —

1 7 9 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0

l ®5

4U*U

—
—

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED
$

B IL L E R S . MACHINE
M ACHINE)

J u n e 19 72 )

Av«rage

Average
Num
ber
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

P h o e n ix , A r i z . ,

.u .n
*n * u

l 2 5 *5 2
9 Z *5 U

131
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

370

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0

JJ^
38

*0

0

1 2 6 .0 0

1 8 8 .0 0

NURSES,

IN D U S TR IA L

(R E G IST ER E D ) ------

53

4 0*0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , June 1972)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly ea mings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

t
t
$
$
t
S
S
t
$
t
$
*
3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.*0 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 *.00 *.20

Number
of
Mea n2

Median2

Middle range 2

t
i
t
S
t
*
t
*
$
i
*.*0 *.60 *.80 5.00 5.20 5.*0 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20

$
3.00 under

and

3.10 3,20 3.30 3,*0 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 *.00 *.20 *.*0

*.60 *.80 5.00 5.20 5.*0 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 o v e r

MEN

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

73
53

$
*.8 1
* .7 5

$
* .8 3
* .8 3

$
$
3 .9 5 - 5.05
3 .9 5 - * .8 8

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

20*
156

5.13
* .9 2

5.10
5.02

* . 5 9 - 5.81
* . * 0 — 5.21

-

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y ------------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

56
*8

* .6 7
* .8 2

*.6 0
*.8 5

* . * 3 - 5.15
* . 5 * - 5.15

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E TRAOES ---------------M A N U F A CT U RI N G --------------------------------------------

125
65

3 .*2
3.16

3.56
3.09

2 .8 9 - 3.81
2 .* 6 - 3.63

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

102
87

*.8 9
*.9 *

5.03
5 .0 *

* . 3 5 - 5.10
* . 3 9 - 5.09

M E C H A N I C S , A U T OM O T I VE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -----------------------------------------------M A NU F AC T UR I N G ------------------------------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

287
1*2
1*5
105

5.38
5.75
5.02
5.13

5.61
6.91
*.9 0
5.61

*.2 6 * .l* *.2 9 *.2 5 -

6.91
6.96
5.65
5.68

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

M E C H A N I C S , M AI N T EN A N C E ----------------------------M A NU F AC T UR I N G -------------------------------------------

2*7
232

*.8 1
*.7 8

*.8 3
*.7 8

* . * 7 — 5.11
* • * 6 — 5.08

8
8

2
2

_
-

4
4

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ------------------------------M A NU F AC T UR I N G --------------------------------------------

*5
29

* .3 5
*.1 8

* .2 9
4. 19

3 .5 8 - *.8 8
3 .5 5 - * . 8 *

-

_

1
-

-

_

-

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , M AI N T EN A N C E -----------------------M AN U FA C TU R IN G --------------------------------------------

73
70

* .9 7
4*98

5.05
5.05

5 .0 1 - 5.10
5 .0 1 - 5.10

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS -----------------------------------M A NU F AC T UR I N G -------------------------------------------

1**
1**

*.9 8
* .9 8

5.27
5.27

* . 9 * - 5.35
* . 9 * - 5.35

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




-

l
-

-

-

_

*32
32

13
13

1
-

1
-

1
-

2
2

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

1

1

2

_

-

_
-

28
-

18
8

-

-

18
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

2

1

1
1

1*
1*

-

5
5

~

_
-

7
4
3

_
-

-

23
23
-

4
4

12
12

2
2

3
3

10
10

1
-

_
-

_
1
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

26
26

3
3

“

*

12
12

11
10

12
12

*2
*1

28
27

1
1

-

51
7

-

3*

6
6

15
15

*

5
5

17
17

.

*
*

1

*

-

“

1
-

-

3

-

1
1

_

*
*

3
3

*

-

*

-

20
19

-

5
5

*7
*7

2

“

4
*

2
2

6
3

2
2

1
1

26
11
15
15

21
21
21

20
12
8
-

27
27
-

5
5
5

2
2
~

6

58
58
58

_

-

“

- **88
88
-

3
3

1
1

*5
*5

*0
*0

7
7

82
81

6

8
“

-

“

-

5

2
1

-

3
3

11
10

-

8
”

-

-

*

-

“

10
8

-

1
1

7
7
2
2

6

11
*

2
-

13
4

_

-

2
-

-

2
2

2
2

58
58

i
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

21
21

18
18

78
78

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

2
2

35

2

' -

_

-

2
2

-

-

_

-

16
16

2
2

_

8 a t $2 t o $ 2 .2 0 ; 6 at $2 .2 0 t o $ 2 .4 0 ; 6 a t $ 2 .4 0 to $ 2 .6 0 ; 6 a t $ 2 .6 0 t o $ 2 .8 0 ; an d 6 a t $ 2 .8 0 to $3.
7 at $ 6 .4 0 t o $ 6 .6 0 ; an d 81 a t $6 .8 0 to $7.

-

2
2

*
-

6
6

“

21
21
-

*

12
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b asis by in d u stry d iv is io n , P h oen ix, A r i z . , June 1972)

Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of —

Hourly ea mings3

i

i

i

i

i

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

*
5 .0 0

t

O

$
4 .4 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

over

17
14

17

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

*

i

t

1

$

»

s

1

2 .2 0

2.40

2 .60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3

40

3 .6 0

t
3 .8 0

1 .8 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .60

2 .80

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

405

96

342

87
A

55
12

13
6

15

10
6

6
4

30
30

16

14

15

23
22

45
AA

•4
-

Middle range 2

$

2 .0 0

+

Median2

$

1 .8 0

o

M ea n2

i

O

workers

$
1 .7 0

1 .7 0

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$

*

*

1 .6 0

and
under

MEN

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

1 ,1 7 8
221

GUARDS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L EA NE RS ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N ON M AN U FA CT U RI N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE -----------------------------------------

$
2 .0 6
3 .2 3

$
1 .8 5
3 .4 3

$
1 .6 7 2 .6 5 -

$
2 .0 7
3 .9 2

33

3

185

3 .4 3

3 .6 1

3 .1 5 -

3 .9 4

-

-

6

4

12

6

14

1 ,3 9 0
324

2 .1 7
2 .7 4
1 .9 9
2 .8 5
2 .1 4

2 .0 0
2 .9 2

1 .7
2 .4
1 .7
2 .4

2 .5 2
3 .0 2
2 .1 0
3 .2 3

82

296

-

l
295

lie
19
99

113
91

-

-

206
48
158
A

64
18

82

310
11
299
4

9268-

2 .0 7

1 .9 0 -

2 .3 5

22

33

47

63

69

15

57
40
17
3
10

3 .0 5

2 .3 9 -

3 .7 4

A

51

54

91

33

2 .2 4 3 .0 1 -

3 .2 4
4 .4 2

-

92
60

30
24

91

A

24
27

103
78

152

2 .6 0
3 .0 8
3 .1 7

-

2
31

2 .3 3 -

4 .3 8

-

A

27

“

4 .1 2
3 .0 9

2 .8 3 2 .5 3 -

4 .4 5
4 .4 8

-

-

3 .1 9
3 .3 9

2 .3 5 2 .4 9 -

3 .8 8
3 .9 1

3 .7 2
3 .9 1

3 .7 4

3 .5 2

3 .5 5

3 .2 8 3 .5 4 3 .2 6 -

4 .4 4
4 .4 6
3 .6 8

3 .3 5

3 .7 5

32

3 .2 3

3 .2 0

2 .6 0 2 .5 8 -

4 .0 1
4 .0 2

-

-

-

65

3 .3 6

3 .5 1

3 .1 2 -

3 .5 9

_

_

-

56

3 .3 2

3 .4 3

3 .1 0 -

3 .5 5

TRUCKD RIVFRS
--------------------------------------------------- ! 2 , 4 1 1
742
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F AC T UR I N G ------------------------------------1 ,6 69
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------935
R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------233

4 .6 8

3 .9 0 -

5 .4 7

4 .7 4

5 .5 3

4 .4 5

4 .6 3

3 .4 7 4 .0 3 -

5 .7 9
5 .4 4

5 .0 6

5 .4 3

4 .7 4 -

3 .7 9

2 .5 5 -

4 .6 1

“

_
-

30

15

22

44

11

27
A

27
19

9

2

3
3

8
2

2
7

-

23
A

-

2

5 .4 7

3 .5 5

1
76
68
8

1 ,0 6 6
34
281

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ----------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N ON M AN U FA CT U RI N G -----------------------------------R E T A I L T RADE -----------------------------------------

1 ,2 24

OROER
F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G -----------------------------------P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

107
91

3 .0 4

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF A C T U RI N G -----------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ------------------------------------------

111
88
A8

S H I P P I N G C LE R K S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

40

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C LE R K S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

T R U C K O R I V E R S , L I G H T ( UN D ER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G -----------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------T R U C K O R I V E R S , M E D I U M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC T UR I N G -----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------------------------- *

455
769

3 .1 5
2 .7 1
3 .4 1

195

3 .2 5

368
255

3 .6 6
3 .5 2

3 .2 2

4 .5 4

1 .8 7
2 .9 4

3 .8 3

263
59

2 .7 5
3 .2 6

2 .7 8
3 .6 1

2 .2 3 2 .6 5 -

3 .1 4
3 .6 9

204

2 .6 1

2 .6 9

2 .1 8 -

3 .0 6

63

2 .6 5

2 .3 9

1 .9 0 -

5 .4 3
3 .4 7
5 .4 6

5 .4 2 3 .4 5 -

_

-

-

-

16
35
35

20
8

A
A

2

8

A

3 .9 6

3 . 14
4 .7 3

5 .4 3

173
25

5 .3 2
3 .8 5

3 .1 7
5 .4 4
4 .1 5

W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as f o l l o w s :

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




5

2

2

315
17

56
54

Afc

21

2

6

26

2

28
18

1
20

1
1

8

298

-

11
15

262
18
244

1

18

12

17

-

28
20

4
4

-

18

25
25

-

2

8
8

8

12

8

12

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

A6

-

33

65

7

-

-

-

9A
9A

31
31

1
1

-

-

_
-

-

-

1

“

-

~

-

-

_

_

-

3
3

2

2

8

A

24

1

3

39

1

5

4

22

8
8

6

-

3

*

1

5

4

22

3

2

1
1

-

3

39
5

8
8

6
6

-

-

-

2

5

7

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

25

2

12

2

25
25

_

25

-

3

i

A

-

16

32

87

89

34

_

179

38

63

30

50

262

7

187

161

-

14

-

53
126

3

6

7
180

1
160

-

7

21
241

l

22

22
8

47

73

2
32

56

32

63
26

16

16

5

12

16

“

22

7

8

3

3

25

11
66

-

28

222
19

3

8

_
-

68
8

11
1

10

26
18

13
13

60

10
10

15

3

16

12

l

-

14

3

7
9

-

15

16

24

48
14

10

15

16
16

24

34
16

10

22
2
20

2

A

27

71
63
8

-

27

-

_

_

-

-

-

10
9

-

-

16

15
15

-

A

“

33
33

1

-

_
-

-

”

_
-

_
*

14

3
5

1

-

5 .4 7
4 .2 0

4 .0 0

231

423
192

22
12
8

14

-

_

-

12

-

-

46

50
50

_
*

3 .2 9

3 .1 1 2 .4 8 4 .4 4 -

25
9

-

17

136 at $ 5 .8 0 t o $ 6 : 22 a t $ 6 t o $ 6 .2 0 ; and 12 at $ 6 .2 0 to $ 6 .4 0 .

-

”

_
-

4

-

4

45
45

-

_
-

3
7
7

50
50

4

30
30

”

-

154

-

154
154

139

170

139

*170

685

9

780
95
685

-

-

“

“

8
8

_
-

-

26
26

-

3
2

42
5
37

14

5
4

12
11
1

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Phoenix, A r iz ., June 1972)
H ourly earnings^

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
1 .8 0

Middle range ^

TRUCKDRIVERS -

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

over

-

-

-

66

27
15
12

-

12

-

-

-

3

-

_
“

“

9
4

and
under
1 .7 0

MEN -

2 .0 0

66

Sex, occupation, and industry division

and
1 .8 0

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRA ILE R TYPE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L IT IE S --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ------------------------------------

92 6
104
822
564
81

4.71
5.11
4.66
4.86
4.34

4.68
5.90
4.67
5.42
4.63

4 .06 4.144 .06 4 .06 4.30-

5.45
5.97
5.44
5.46
4.67

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRA ILE R TYPE) -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

579
378

5,60
5.71

5.55
5.75

5.455.56-

5.78
5.92

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

298
245

3.10
3.06

3.16
3.16

2.652.65 -

3.28
3.27

JA N IT O R S , PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1,021
37

1 .8 1
2 .6 7

1 .8 3
2 .8 1

1 .7 6 2 .3 8 -

“

*

-

_

_

1 .8 7
2 .8 9

*
**

W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
Workers w ere distributed as follow s:

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

10
10

“

“

24
24

38 at $5.80 to $6; and 15 at $6 to $6.20.
98 at $5.80 to $6; 7 at $6 to $6.20; and 12 at $6.20 to $6.40.

-

21
21

_
”

_
“

46

-

81

14

81

23
16

-

~

52
52

3
3

3
24
24

3

-

3

-

3

_

i
i

8
-

-

-

8

-

137
1
136

-

_

-

8

53

-

-

3

-

-

-

9
9

11

9

-

-

247
20
227
222
5

-

"

37

-

37
9

_
_
_

338
5
333
333

6
6

_
-

5

30

5

30

288
90

-

-

-

53
*53

-

133* *1 17
133
117

2

-

14

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t practices and su p plem enta ry w a g e provisions

T a b le

B -1.

M in im u m

en tra n c e

s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

o ffic e w o rk e rs

(D istrib u tion o f establish m ents studied in a ll in du stries and in in du stry d ivis ion s by m inim um entrance s a la ry fo r sele cted ca te g o rie s
o f in exp erien ced wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s , P h oen ix, A r i z . , June 1972)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly stra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w orkers 5
Nonmanuf ac tu r i ng

Manufacturing
A ll
industries

Based on standard w eek ly h ou rs6 o f—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eekly h ou rs6 o f—
A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

E stablish m ents studied---------------------------------------------

159

43

XXX

116

XXX

159

43

XXX

116

XXX

E stablish m ents having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

46

18

18

28

24

61

17

17

44

40

$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00-------------------------------------------$65. 00 and under $67. 50-------------------------------------------$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00-------------------------------------------$70. 00 and under $72. 50-------------------------------------------$ 72. 50 and under $ 75. 00-------------------------------------------$75. 00 and under $ 7 7 .5 0 -------------------------------------------$ 77. 50 and under $ 80. 00-------------------------------------------$ 80. 00 and under $ 82. 50-------------------------------------------$82. 50 and under $85. 00-------------------------------------------$85. 00 and under $87. 50-------------------------------------------$87. 50 and under $ 9 0 .0 0 -------------------------------------------$ 90. 00 and under $ 92. 50-------------------------------------------$92. 50 and under $95. 00-------------------------------------------$95. 00 and under $97. 50-------------------------------------------$ 97. 50 and under $ 100. 0 0 -----------------------------------------$ 100. 00 and under $ 102. 50----------------------------------------$ 102.50 and under $ 105.00---------------------------------------$ 105. 00 and under $ 107. 50---------------------------------------$ 107. 50 and under $ 110. 00--------------- ----- -------------------$ 110.00 and under $ 112.50---------------------------------------$ 112.50 and under $ 115.00----------------------------------------$ 115.00 and under $ 117.50---------------------------------------$ 117. 50 and o v e r -------------------------------------------------------

3
2
2
1
5
2
3
8
2
2
2
1
2

_
1
1
5
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1

_
1
1
5
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1

3
2
1
1
5
2
2
3
1
1
2
1

3
1
1
1
3
2
2
3
1
1
2

_
1
1
1
_
1
5
1
1
1
1
2
1

.
1
1
1
_
1
5
1
1
1
1
2
1
1

5
3
3
2
11
2
2
5
1
4
1
1

5
2
3
2
9
2
2
5
1
4
1

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

Establish m ents having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ------------------

18

4

Establishm ents which did not em ploy w ork ers
in this c a te g o ry -------------------------------------------------------------

95

21

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




-

2
1
3
2
1
1

-

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

5
4
4
2
12
2
3
10
1
1
5
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

XXX

14

XXX

24

7

XXX

17

XXX

XXX

74

XXX

74

19

XXX

55

XXX

-

‘

-

-

1
-

-




T a b le

B -2 .

S h if t d iffe re n tia ls

(L a te - s h ift pay p rovis ion s fo r m anufacturing plan tw orkers by type and amount o f pay d iffe re n tia l,
P h oen ix, A r iz . , June 1972)
£ A ll^ l^ jT t w o £ k £ j^ ^ in ^ r ia r m fa x tu r in ^ = ^ £ 0 ^ p e r c e n t2 _ ^ _ _ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

P e rcen t of manufacturing plan tw orkers—
L a te -s h ift pay p rovis ion

In establishm ents having provision s 7
fo r late shifts
Second shift

89.4

T h ird o r other
shift

73. 1

A ctu ally w orking on late shifts

Second shift

T h ird o r other
shift

18.4

8. 6

No pay d iffe re n tia l fo r w ork on late s h ift --------

7. 5

2. 3

1.9

0. 1

P a y d iffe re n tia l fo r w ork on late s h ift ------------

81. 9

70. 7

16. 5

8. 5

34. 7

21. 8

5.4

1. 1

5 c e n ts ___________________________________
6 c e n ts --------------------------------------------7 c e n ts --------------------------------------------7 l cen ts-----------------------------------------/z
9 c e n ts --------------------------------------------10 cen ts-------------------------------------------12 cen ts__________________________________
14 cents-------------------------------------------15 cen ts---------- ------ ------ ----- -------------18 cen ts------------------------------------------18z c e n ts _______________________________
/j
20 cen ts-------------------------------------------25 cen ts-------------------------------------------38 cen ts--------------------------------------------

.8
.8
3. 0
10. 3
2. 0
7. 8
5. 4
1. 5
1. 6
1. 5
-

.8
.8
2.4
3. 0
2. 0
6.9
2.9
1. 6
1. 5

. 1
. 1
.8
1. 2
.4
. 3
1.4
. 3
.7
-

(8)
. 1
. 5
.3
(8)
(8)

U n iform p e r c e n ta g e ________________________

40. 4

12. 6

9.9

1. 8

10 p ercen t_______________________________
15 p ercen t----------------------------------------

40.4
*

11. 1
1. 5

9.9
-

1. 8

F u ll day's pay fo r reduced h ou rs-----------

2 .4

26. 3

.5

5. 2

F u ll day's pay fo r reduced hours
plus cents d iffe r e n t ia l-------------------------

1. 6

7. 3

. 3

.4

F u ll day's pay fo r reduced hours
plus p ercen t d iffe r e n t ia l_________________

2. 7

2. 7

.4

(8)

T ype and amount o f d iffe re n tia l:
U n iform cents (p e r h o u r )----------------------

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.

-

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

h ou rs and days

(P e r c e n t d istribu tion o f p la n tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in in du stry division s by scheduled w e e k ly hours and days
of fir s t - s h ift w o r k e r s , P h oe n ix , A r i z . , June 1972)
P la n tw o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

W eekly hours and days
A l l in du stries

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------

100

25 hours— 5 days__________________________________
35 hours— 5 days-------------------------------------------36 V hours— 5 d a y s ---------------------------------------4
37 V2 hours— 5 d a y s ________________________________
37J hours— 5 d a y s ________________________________
At
40 h o u rs ____________________________________________
4 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------6 days ----------------------------------------------------42 h ou rs— 5 d a ys-------------------------------------------O v e r 42 and under 45 hours— 5 l d a ys------------fz
45 h o u rs -------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------5 V2 d a ys----------------------------------------------------48 hours— 6 d a ys__________________________________
50 hours— 5 V2 d a y s -----------------------------------------

Manufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A l l in du stries

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

2

See footnote at end o f ta b les.




-

3
1

84
83
1
(9)
1
2
1
1
7
1

100

100

_
-

_
_
_
_

97

91

3

-

-

97

91

-

-

-

4

_

_

-

5

-

5
-

-

_

100

_

_
6
2
76
75
1
2
2
2
-

12

100

1
1
4

_

93
3
90
(’ )
(’ )
1
n
(»)
(9)

100

1
_

100

100

_

99

99

100

99

99

98
2

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
1

_
_

_

17

T a b le B -4 .

P aid holidays

( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a i l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s P h o e n i x , A r i z .
P la n t w o r k e r s

Ju n e

1972)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A l l in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilit ie s

R e ta il tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

92

100

100

83

99

100

100

99

8

-

-

17

(9)

-

-

1
1
1
-

_

_

_

-

2
4
2
-

_

-

-

-

(9)

N u m b er o f days
1 h o l i d a y --------------------------------------------------------------------2 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
3 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------4 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------5 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s —--------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y --------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ______________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y --------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s -----------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s -----------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------11 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------

(’ )
32
1
10
1
31
1
i
7
(9)
3
(9 )

1
13
13
3
47
2
2
12
6
1

5

1
54
5

-

-

5
-

64

14

-

-

-

-

13
13

-

-

-

_
(9 )
(9 >
(? )
(9)
51
(9 )
4
2
24
(*>
1
8
(9)
7
2

(9)
(9)

-

-

-

-

1

13
-

2
-

79
-

9
(9 )
43
1
5
14
12
3

3
-

74
-

15
-

4
-

15
(’ )

6

-

-

-

_

_

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 1
0
11 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------8 72 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------7 l d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------fz
7 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------6 l d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------fz
6 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------1 d a y o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f tables.




(9)
4
13
13
44
45
55
56
88
89
89
90
91
92

1
7
21
23
70
73
86
86
99
99
99
100
100
100

-

_

2

13
26
26
90
90
95
95
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

77

9
19
19
43
44
48
48
98
98
98
98

81
83

99
99

.

14
14
20
20
74
75
75

3
15
34
35
78
78
87
87
100
100
100
100
100
100

6
21
21
95
95
98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

(9)
(9)
15
15
18
18
98
98
98
98

99
99

T a b le B -5 .

P aid vac a tio n s

(P e r c e n t o f p lan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivision s by vacation pay p r o v is io n s , P h oen ix , A r iz . , June 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s t r ie s

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tra d e

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
95
3

97
93
4
-

100

99
98
-

99
99

100
99

100
96
4
_

100

2

3

-

-

-

5
21
3

9
27
5

64
_
32
2

-

24
2
58
12
2

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------O t h e r --------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------

(’ )

91
9
-

99
-

(? )
(’ )

(9 )

1
1

(*>

-

_

2

6

48
7

76

-

9
1

1
35
6

.

71

-

9
4

52
-

29
-

79
_

23

68

_

_

71

87

77

-

16
3

21
13
66

13

45

-

-

14
3
52
28

12
10
79
-

33
-

3
-

63
-

87
10

-

-

3

1

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 1
1
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------A fte r
1
O
2
3

.

1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------- ---------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

n

_

31
1

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O
3

w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

1
O
2
O
3

w e e k _________________________________________________________
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------w e e k s ------ ----------------------------------------------------------------

A fte r

(9)

4
_

12
_

66
33

96
-

87
-

-

-

1

(9 )

3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
3
-

_

5
95
-

14
-

1
-

64
30

82
-

89
10

-

-

3

(9)

(9 )

_

1
-

_

-

-

64
30

14
82
-

_

5
95
-

89
10

66
33

100
-

-

-

3

(’ )

(9)

-

7

_

_

12

(9 )

_

_

(’ )
65
14
12

-

5
83

-

-

-

-

-

66

74
13
12

55
34
12

85

83

9
(9 )
74
13
2

(9)
66
33

(9 )

6
-

100
_

93
-

-

1

A ft e r 4 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

9
(’ >
74
13
2

3
-

6
93
_

1

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O
3

w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f tables.




62
31
4

-

-

12

21

3

-

-

15

14

T a b le B -5 .

P aid vacatio n s-----C ontinued

(P e r c e n t o f plan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry division s by vacation pay p ro v is io n s , P h oen ix, A r iz . , June 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tra d e

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tra d e

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11— C o n t in u e d
A fte r
1
2
O
3
O
4

10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

w e e k ____________________ __________________________________
w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r

7

_

_

19

12
-

n
67
1

83
2

4
5
85
5

3

-

-

12
24
_

(9)
27
_

54
_

71

9

(9)
1

.

4
_

(9 )

3
45
_

96
_

96
3

47

1

-

5

12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
7

_

_

12

19
(9)
67
1
4

12
_

_

22
_

83
2
_

90
10
_

56
_
9

(9 )
1

C)

-

-

-

(9)

7
15
62
1
14

_

_

8
75
2
13

63
5
32

12
18
58
_

3
76
_

12

(9 )
11
72
1
16

(’ )

-

-

-

(9)

7
15
27
1
45
4

_

8
26
2
55
6

12
18
29

(9 )
11
17

3
13

_

_

_

77
16

40
-

69
3

80
4

75
18

(9 )

-

-

-

(9)

-

-

7
15
26
1
40
10
1

_
-

(9 )
11
15
_

_

3
13
_

(9 )

3
22

7
-

12
18
29
-

_

8
25
2
48
15
-

7

39

_

_

43
44
7

39
1
-

62
10
1

67
17
_

29
52
12

32
4
_

(9 )

'

-

-

(9 )

-

-

-

1 w e e k ________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

7
15
26

-

_

12
18

_

_

-

(9 )

8
25

(9 )

3
22

7

29

3
13

7

39

O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________________
4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

1
40

1 w e e k _______________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------A fte r
1
2
3
O
4
O

(9)
27
_
71

_
4
_
96
_

(9)

3
42

96
3
_

50

1

-

-

-

.
74
_

3
22
65
_

21

25

9

-

-

_

5

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s ______________________________________________________
w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------

_

(9 )

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------A f t e r 25 y e a r s
1
2
3
O
4
5
6
O

_

7
_

.

(9)
7

3
22
39
35
(9)

o f s e r v ic e

w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s ______________________________________________________
w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le *

*

2

-

-

43
44
7

39

1

48
13
1

-

(9 )

-

-

-

9

E stim ates o f p rovision s fo r 30 ye ars o f s e r v ic e a re iden tical.

See footnotes at end o f tables,




1

11
15
_

_

_

_

29
52
12

32
4

2

67
14
3

(9 )

-

*

-

62
9

_

20
T a b le

B -6 .

H e a lth ,

in s u ra n c e , a n d

p e n s io n

p la n s

(P e r c e n t o f p lan tw orkers and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivision s em ployed in establish m ents p rovid in g
health, in su rance, o r pension b e n e fits , P h oen ix , A r i z . , June 1972)
O ffic e w o rk e rs

P la n tw o rk e rs
T y p e o f b en efit and
financing 1
4

A l l in du stries

Manufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A l l in du stries

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

R e ta il trade

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W ork ers in establishm ents p rovid in g at
lea st 1 o f the ben efits shown b e lo w ---------------

95

98

100

98

97

100

100

98

L ife in su ra n c e------------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------A ccid e n ta l death and d ism em b erm en t
in su rance-----------------------------------------------N o n con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick le a v e o r b o th 15---------------------------------

91
62

96
60

100

91
65

95
47

99
53

99

85

66

91
61

84
58

92
55

91
76

79
61

93
45

98
53

95
63

61

73

84

91

70

86

91

99

81

Sickness and accident in su rance------------N on con tribu tory p la n s ----------------------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )-----------------------------------Sick le a v e (p a rtia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )------------------------------------

45
24

74
37

36
36

27
13

40

27
25

34

21

76
38

35

44

34

31

69

68

47

41

19

9

38

30

10

8

48

31

L o n g -te rm d is a b ility in su ran ce-----------------N on con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------H o sp ita liza tio n in su ran ce--------------------------N o n con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------S u rgica l in su ran ce------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------M ed ica l in su ra n c e------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------M a jo r m e d ica l in s u ra n c e --------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------Dental in su ra n c e---------------------------------------N on con tribu tory p la n s --------------------------R etirem en t pension-----------------------------------N o n con tribu tory p la n s _____________________

16

10

25

4
98
58
98
58
95
55
90
51
4
4
77
45

ii
7
98
55
98
55
98
55
93
49
5

32

11

69
69
95
78
95
78
95
78
90
69
28
28
92
92

12

6
100

78
78
99
76
99
76
99
76
96
70

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




94
57
94
57
92
56
88

51
7
5
63
39

-

53
27

96
42
96
42
93
42
96
40
7
2

83
48

53
100

53
99
53
99
50
7
-

21
21

89
41

94
83

86

12

14
6

94
38
94
38
94
38
93
37
5
(’ )
75
43

21
F o o tn o te s
A ll

of these

s t a n d a r d fo o tn o t e s

m a y not a p p l y to this b u lle t i n .

1 S tan d ard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the
e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e sho wn; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e fi n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r ra te .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h ifts .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s tan da rd
w orkw eeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s tan d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In c lu d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late
s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a te s h ifts .
8
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f days that add to the s a m e am ount a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
t o t a l o f 9 d ays i n c lu d e s t h o s e
w i t h 9 f u l l d ay s and no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d ays and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l days and 4 h a l f d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
th en w e r e cu m u late d .
1 In c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t
1
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s pay . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n ge s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c lu d e c h a n ge s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u lative.
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c l u d e s th o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p lans f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
2
p l a n s " in c lu d e o n l y th ose p la ns f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a ti o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e p lans a r e
3
l i m i t e d to th o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l sick
l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .







A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The p r im a ry purpose o f p rep a rin g jo b d escription s fo r the Bu reau's wage su rveys is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into appropriate
occupations w ork ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork a rran gem en ts fr o m establish m ent to establishm ent and
fro m a rea to a rea . Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational w age ra tes rep resen tin g com parab le jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in teresta blish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a ra b ility o f occupational content, the Bu reau's jo b d es crip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m those in use in
individual establish m ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rposes. In applying these job d es crip tio n s , the Bu reau's fie ld econ om ists a re instru cted
to exclude w orking s u p erviso rs; apprentices: le a rn e r s ; beginn ers; tra in e e s ; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry , and p robation ary w o rk ers.

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G — Continued

B IL L E R . M A C H IN E
P r e p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in voic es on a machine other than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r.
M ay also keep re c o rd s as to billin gs o r shipping ch arges o r p e rfo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g opera tio n s. F o r w age study pu rposes, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as fo llo w s:
B ille r , m achine (b illin g m a ch in e). Uses a specia l b illin g machine (com bination typing
and adding m ach in e) to p rep a re b ills and in voic es fro m cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e r s , in te r ­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in volv es application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch arges and en try o f n ecess a ry extension s, which m ay o r
m ay not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and totals which a re a u tom atically accumulated
by m achine. The operation usually in volv es a la rg e number o f carbon co p ies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m a ch in e). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without
a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part o f the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en e ra lly in vo lv es the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u res on cu sto m ers' le d g e r re c o r d . The
machine a u tom a tica lly accum ulates fig u res on a number o f v e r tic a l columns and computes
and usually prints a u tom atically the debit o r cre d it balances.
Does not in vo lv e a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fro m uniform and standard types o f sales and c re d it slips.
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o rd
o f business tran saction s.
C la ss A . K eeps a set o f re co rd s re q u irin g a knowledge o f and ex p erien c e in basic
bookkeeping p rin c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the stru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p rop e r re co rd s and distribu tion o f debit and c re d it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p rep a re consolidated re p o rts , balance sheets, and oth er re co rd s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a re c o r d o f one o r m o re phases o r sections o f a set o f re co rd s usually
re qu irin g little know ledge o f basic bookkeeping. Phases o r sections include accounts payable,
p a y ro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type o f b illin g d es crib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), cost distribu tion , expense distribu tion , in ven tory co n trol, etc. M ay check or a ssist
in p repa ra tion o f t r ia l balances and p rep a re co n trol sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to r e g is te r s and le d g e rs ;
re con cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al consistency, com pleten ess, and m ath em atical
accu ra cy o f accounting docum ents; assignin g p r e s c r ib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a ccu racy va riou s types o f re p o rts , lis ts , calcu lation s, posting, etc.;
o r p rep a rin g sim ple o r a ssistin g in prep a rin g m o re com p licated journal vou ch ers. M ay w ork
in eith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork re q u ire s a know ledge o f c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e p ra c tic es and procedu res
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p ro ce ssin g and re co rd in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form ation .
With ex p erien c e, the w o rk er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedu res used in the assigned w ork, but is not requ ired to have a knowledge o f the form al
p rin cip les o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g d efin ition s.
C lass A . Under ge n era l su pervision, p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the application o f ex p erien ce and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p roce ssin g co m ­
p licated o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, selectin g among a substantial v a r ie ty of
p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes and cla ssifica tio n s, o r tra cin g tran saction s through previou s
accounting actions to determ in e sou rce o f d is c rep a n cies. M ay be a ssisted by one o r m o re
cla ss B accounting c le rk s .
C lass B . Under clo se su pervision , fo llow in g detailed in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l opera tio n s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , card s, o r w orksh eets w here iden tification o f item s and location s o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking accu ra cy and com pleteness o f standardized and re p e titiv e re co rd s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p re s c r ib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an establish ed filin g system . M ay p e rfo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks requ ired to m aintain file s . P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
C lass A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te r ia l such as co rrespon d en ce, re p o rts, tech ­
nical docum ents, etc., in an establish ed filin g system containing a number o f va rie d subject
m a tter file s . M ay also file this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re co rd s o f va riou s types in conjunction
with the file s .
M ay lead a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le rk s .
C la ss B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e rfo rm re lated

C lass C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l cla s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alph abetical, ch ron ologica l,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, locates re a d ily ava ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rds m a ­
te r ia l; and m ay f i l l out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers' o rd e rs fo r m a te ria l o r m erch an dise by m a il, phone, o r person a lly.
Duties in volve any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p ric e s to cu sto m ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r; checking p ric e s and quantities o f item s on o rd er
sheet; and distribu tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to determ in e c re d it rating o ( cu stom er, acknow ledge re ceip t o f o rd e rs fro m cu stom ers,
fo llo w up o rd e rs to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in voic es with o rigin a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
Computes w ages o f company em ployees and en ters the n ecess a ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties in volv e: C alcu lating w o r k e r s ' earnings based on tim e o r production re c o rd s ; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form ation such as w o r k e r 's name, w orking
days, tim e, ra te, deductions fo r insurance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and
a ssist p aym aster in m aking up and distribu tin g pay en velopes.
M ay use a calcu lating m achine.

The Bureau has discontinued co llectin g data fo r o ile r s and plu m bers.

23

u n classified m a te r ia l by sim ple (su bject m a tter) head­
fin e r subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple related index and
loca tes c le a r ly iden tified m a te r ia l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks re qu ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

24
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

P r im a r y duty is to o pera te a C om p tom eter to p e r fo rm m ath em atical com putations. This
job is not to be confused with that o f s ta tistica l o r oth er type o f c le rk , which m ay in volve f r e ­
quent use o f a C om p to m eter but, in which, use o f this m achine is incidental to p erfo rm a n ce o f
other duties.

N O T E : The te rm "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l definitions fo llow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t c o rp o ra te -w id e p olicym akin g ro le with re ga rd to m a jo r
company a c tiv itie s . Th e title " v ic e p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le , does not
in a ll cases id en tify such position s. V ic e presid en ts whose p r im a ry re s p o n sib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual ca ses o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c re d it actions;
adm in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c tly su p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not con sid ered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes o f applying the fo llo w in g le v e l d efin itio n s.

KEYPU NC H O PERATO R
O perates a keypunch m achine
tabulating card s o r on tape.

to r e c o r d

o r v e r ify

alphabetic

and/or n um eric

data on
C la ss A

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
a ll,
C lass A . W ork re q u ires the application o f e x p erien c e and judgm ent in sele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llo w ed and in sea rch in g fo r , in te rp retin g , selectin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie ty o f sou rce docum ents. On occa sio n m ay also p e r fo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork.
M ay tra in in ex p erien ced keypunch o p era to rs.
C lass B.
W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under clo s e su p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g s p e cific
proced u res o r in stru ction s, w orks fr o m va riou s standardized sou rce documents which have
been coded, and fo llo w s s p e cified p roce d u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and re q u ire
little o r no sele ctin g , coding, o r in te rp retin g o f data to be re cord ed . R e fe rs to su p erviso r
prob lem s a risin g fr o m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m is s in g in form ation .

2. S e c re ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the board o r p residen t)
o f a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p erso n s; or
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly below the c o rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm ent o r su bsid iary o f a com pany that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p ers o n s .

P e r fo r m s va riou s routine duties such as running erra n d s, opera tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as sea le rs o r m a ile r s , opening and d istribu tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude position s that re q u ire opera tion o f a m o to r ve h ic le as a sign ifican t duty.

SECRE TARY
A ssig n ed as p erso n a l s e c re ta ry , n o rm a lly to one in dividu al. M aintains a clo se and h igh ly
resp o n sive relatio n sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the s u p erviso r. W orks fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceivin g a m inim um o f d eta iled su p ervisio n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c re ta ria l
duties, usually including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
a. R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , perso n a l c a lle r s , and incom ing m a il, answ ers routine in ­
q u irie s , and routes tech nical in q u iries to the p ro p e r persons;
b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

c.

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's calen dar and m akes appointm ents as instructed;

d.

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r's file s ;

R ela y s m e ssa g es fro m

by oth ers fo r the

M ay also p e rfo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l tasks o f com parable nature and d ifficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ires know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the orga n ization ,
p ro g ra m s, and proced u res re la ted to the w ork o f the su p erviso r.
Exclusions
Not a ll position s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " possess the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f position s which a re excluded fr o m the definition a re as fo llo w s:
"p e r s o n a l"

4. S e c re ta ry to the head o f an in dividu al plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r oth er equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p erso n s; o r
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m id dle
m anagem ent su p e rv is o r o f an orga n iza tio n a l segm ent often in volv in g as many as s e v e r a l
hundred p erso n s) o r a company that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .
C lass C

2. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D

stenographic and typing w ork.

do not m e et the

3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly below the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , re s e a rc h , opera tio n s, in du strial re la tion s, e tc .) or~a m a jo r geogra p h ic o r orga n iza tio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a re g io n a l h eadquarters;
a m a jo r d ivis ion ) o f a com pany that em p loy s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; or

1. S e c re ta r y to an ex ecu tive o r m a n a geria l person whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the sp e c ific le v e l situations in the defin ition fo r cla ss B, but whose orga n iza tio n a l
unit n o rm a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e ra l dozen em p loyees and is u su ally divid ed into o rg a n iz a ­
tional segm en ts which a re often, in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com pan ies, this le v e l
includes a w ide range o f o rga n izatio n a l ech elons; in oth ers, on ly one o r two; or

s u p erviso r to subordinates;

e. R ev iew s co rresp o n d en ce, m em orandum s, and re p orts p rep a red
s u p e rv is o r's signatu re to a ssu re p roced u ra l and typograph ic accu racy;

which

1. S e c re ta ry to the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em ploys, in
fe w e r than 100 p e rs o n s ; o r

2. S e c re ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th er than the ch airm an o f the board o r presid en t)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r

MESSENGER (O ffic e B oy o r G irl)

P e r fo r m s

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

a ll,

f.

1. S e c re ta r y to the ch airm an o f the board o r presid en t o f a company that em p loys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p erso n s; o r *
1

a.

P o sition s

s e c re ta ry

b.

1. S e c re ta r y to the su p e rv is o r o r head o f a s m a ll orga n iza tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p erso n s); or
2. S e c re ta ry to a n on su p erviso ry sta ff sp e c ia lis t, p ro fe ssio n a l em p loyee, a d m in istra ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a ssistan t, sk ille d technician o r ex p ert. (N O T E : Many com pan ies assign
sten ograph ers, ra th er than s e c re ta rie s as d e s crib e d above, to this le v e l o f s u p erviso ry o r
n on su p erviso ry w o r k e r .)

Exam ples

concept d escrib ed

S TE N O G R A P H E R
above;

S tenographers not fu lly train ed in s e c re ta ria l type duties;

c. S tenographers servin g as o ffic e a ssistan ts to a group o f p ro fe ssio n a l, tech n ical, or
m a n a geria l persons;
d. S e c re ta ry position s in which the duties a re eith er su bstantially m o re routine o r sub­
stan tially m o re com p lex and resp o n sib le than those c h a ra c te riz e d in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation . M ay
a lso type fro m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fr o m a stenographic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n scrib e
fr o m v o ic e re co rd in gs ( if p r im a ry duty is tra n s c rib in g fr o m re co rd in g s, see T ra n scrib in g-M a ch in e
O p era to r, G en era l).
N O T E : Th is job is distingu ished fr o m that o f a s e c re ta ry in that a s e c re ta ry n orm a lly
w orks in a con fiden tia l relatio n sh ip with only one m an ager o r ex ecu tive and p erfo rm s m o re
resp o n sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d es c rib e d in the s e c re ta ry job definition.
S tenographer, G en eral

e. A ssista n t type position s which in vo lv e m o re d ifficu lt o r m o re resp o n sib le tech ­
n ica l, a d m in istra tive, su p erviso ry , o r s p e c ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not ty p ic a l of
s e c re ta ria l w ork.




D ictation in volv es a n orm al routine vo ca b u la ry. M ay m aintain file s , keep sim ple re c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo rm oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

25
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.

Stenographer, Senior
D ictation in vo lv es a v a rie d tech nical o r sp e cia lize d voca b u la ry such as in le g a l b rie fs
o r re p orts on scie n tific re sea rch . M ay also set up and m aintain file s , keep re c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s stenographic duties requ irin g sig n ifican tly g r e a te r independence and resp o n ­
s ib ility than sten ograph er, ge n era l, as evidenced by the follow in g: W ork re q u ires a high
d eg ree o f stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough w orkin g knowledge o f gen era l business
and o ffic e procedu re; and o f the sp e cific business operations, orga n ization , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
du res, file s , w ork flo w , etc. U ses this know ledge in p erfo rm in g stenographic duties and
resp o n sib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m aintaining follow u p file s ; a ssem blin g m a te r ia l fo r re p o rts,
m em orandum s, and le t t e r s ; com posin g sim ple le tte rs from gen era l in stru ction s; read ing and
routing incom ing m a il; and answ erin g routine questions^ etc.
S W ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R
C la ss A . O perates a sin gle- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s fu ll telephone in form ation s e r v ic e o r handles
com plex c a lls , such as co n feren ce, c o lle c t, o v e rs e a s , o r s im ila r ca lls, eith er in addition to
doing routine w ork as d es crib e d fo r sw itchboard o p era to r, cla ss B, o r as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. ( " F u ll" telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e occu rs when the establishm ent has v a rie d
functions that a re not re a d ily understandable fo r telephone in form ation pu rposes, e.g ., because
o f overla pp in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and consequently presen t frequent p roblem s as to
which extensions a re a ppropriate fo r c a lls .)
C la ss B . O perates a single- o r m u ltipie-p osition telephone sw itchboard handling in com ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e ca lls. M ay handle routine long distance c a lls and re c o r d to lls .
M ay p e r fo rm lim ite d telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telephone in form a tion s e r v ic e
o ccu rs i f the functions o f the establishm ent s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily understandable fo r telephone
in form a tion pu rp oses, o r i f the requ ests a re routine, e.g ., givin g extension numbers when
sp e c ific names a re furnished, o r i f co m p lex c a lls a re r e fe r r e d to another o p e ra to r.)
T h ese cla ssifica tio n s do not include sw itchboard o p era to rs in telephone com panies whc
a ssist cu stom ers in placin g ca lls.
SW ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p erfo rm in g duties o f o p era to r on a s in g le-p o sitio n or m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch ­
board, acts as recep tio n ist and m ay also type o r p e r fo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f regu la r
duties. Th is typing o r c le r ic a l w ork m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r ’ s tim e w hile at
sw itchboard.
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic A ccounting Machine O pera tor)
O perates one o r a v a rie ty o f m achines such as the tabu lator, ca lcu la tor, c o lla to r, in te r ­
p r e te r, s o rte r , reprodu cing punch, etc. Excluded fro m this defin ition a re w orkin g s u p erviso rs.
A ls o excluded a re o p era to rs o f ele c tro n ic d ig ita l com pu ters, even though they m ay also o pera te
E A M equipment.

C lass A . P e r fo r m s com plete rep ortin g and tabulating assignm ents including devisin g
d ifficu lt con trol panel w irin g under gen era l su pervision . A ssignm ents ty p ic a lly in vo lv e a
v a rie ty o f long and com p lex re p orts which often a re ir r e g u la r or n on recu rrin g, requ irin g
som e planning o f the nature and sequencing o f operations, and the use o f a v a rie ty o f m a ­
chines. Is ty p ic a lly in volved in train in g new o p era to rs in m achine operations or train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs in w irin g fro m dia gra m s and in the operatin g sequences o f long and
co m p lex re p o rts .
Does not include positions in which w irin g re s p o n s ib ility is lim ite d to
selection and in sertio n o f p re w ire d boards.
C lass B . P e r fo r m s w ork accordin g to establish ed procedu res and under sp e cific in ­
stru ctions. A ssign m en ts ty p ic a lly in volve com plete but routine and re c u rrin g re p orts o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o re com plex re p o rts . O perates m o re d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the sim p ler m achines
used by cla ss C o p e ra to rs . M ay be re qu ired to do som e w irin g fr o m d ia gra m s. M ay tra in
new em p loy ees in basic m achine operations.
C lass C . Under sp e cific in stru ction s, operates sim ple tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l accounting
m achines such as the s o rte r , in te rp r e te r, reprodu cing punch, c o lla to r, etc. A ssignm ents
ty p ic a lly in volv e portions o f a w ork unit, fo r exam ple, individual so rtin g o r colla tin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o p era tio n s. M ay p e r fo rm sim ple w irin g fro m d ia gra m s, and do some filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tra n s c rib e dictation in volvin g a n orm al routine vocabu lary fro m
tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e re c o rd s .
M ay also type fro m w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork.
W ork ers tra n scrib in g dictation in volvin g a v a rie d tech nical o r s p e c ia lize d vocabu lary such as
le g a l b r ie fs o r re p orts on s cie n tific re sea rch a re not included. A w o rk er who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m achine is c la s s ifie d as a sten ograph er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to m ake copies o f va riou s m a te ria ls o r to m ake out b ills a fter c a lcu la ­
tions have been m ade by another person . M ay include typing o f sten cils, m ats, o r s im ila r m a te ­
ria ls fo r use in duplicating p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r ic a l w ork in volvin g little specia l train ing, such
as keeping sim ple re c o r d s , filin g re c o rd s and re p o rts , o r sortin g and distribu tin g incom ing m a il.
C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a te ria l in fin al fo rm when
it in volv es com bining m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e ra l sou rces; o r re sp o n sib ility fo r c o rr e c t spellin g,
syllab ica tio n , punctuation, etc., o f tech nical o r unusual w ords o r fo re ig n language m a te ­
ria l; o r planning layout and typing o f co m plicated sta tistica l ta bles to m aintain u n iform ity
and balance in spacing. M ay type routine fo rm le tte rs , v a ry in g deta ils to suit circu m sta n ces.
C lass B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d rafts; o r routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , etc.; o r setting up sim ple standard
tabulations: o r copying m o re com plex tables a lrea d y set up and spaced p ro p e rly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

CO M PUTER O PERATO R
M o n ito rs and o pera tes the con trol console o f a d ig ita l com pu ter to p ro ce ss data accordin g
to operatin g in stru ction s, usually p rep a red by a p ro g ra m e r. W ork includes m ost of the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ction s to determ in e equipment setup and o peration s; loads equipment with requ ired
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s, e tc .); sw itches n ece s s a ry a u xilia ry equipm ent into c ir c u it, and starts
and op era tes com puter; m akes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operating p roblem s and m eet
sp e cia l conditions; re view s e r r o r s m ade during opera tion and d eterm in es cause o r r e fe r s prob lem
to su p erviso r o r p ro g ra m e r; and m aintains operatin g re c o r d s . M ay te s t and a s s is t in c o rr e c tin g
p rog ra m .
F o r w age study pu rp oses,

com puter o p era to rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s;

C la ss A . O perates independently, o r under only g e n era l d irection , a com puter running
p rog ra m s with m o st o f the fo llow in g c h a ra c te ris tic s :
N ew p rog ra m s a re freq u en tly tested
and introduced; scheduling requ irem en ts a re o f c r itic a l im p ortan ce to m in im ize downtim e;
the p rog ra m s a re o f com plex design so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r sou rce often re q u ires a
w orkin g know ledge o f the total p ro g ra m , and a ltern a te p rog ra m s m ay not be a va ila b le. M ay
g iv e d irection and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs.
C lass B . O perates independently, o r under only gen era l d irection , a com puter running
p ro g ra m s with m o st o f the fo llow in g c h a ra c te ris tic s : M ost o f the p rog ra m s a re established
production runs, ty p ic a lly run on a re g u la rly re c u rrin g basis; th ere is little o r no testin g




o f new p ro g ra m s re q u ired ; a ltern a te p ro g ra m s a re provid ed in ca se o rig in a l p rog ra m needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o rr e c te d within a reason able tim e . In com m on e r r o r situ a­
tion s, diagnoses cause and takes c o r r e c t iv e action. This usually in vo lv es applying p revio u s ly
p ro g ra m ed c o r r e c t iv e steps, o r using standard c o rr e c tio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d ir e c t su p ervisio n a com puter running p rog ra m s o r segm ents o f p rog ra m s
with the c h a ra c te ris tic s d e s crib e d fo r c la ss A . M ay a ssist a h igh er le v e l o p era to r by in de­
pendently p e r fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks assigned, and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt tasks fo llow in g
deta iled in stru ction s and with frequent r e v ie w o f operations p e rfo rm e d .
C lass C . W orks on routine p rog ra m s under clo s e su pervision. Is expected to d evelop
w orking know ledge o f the com puter equipment used and a b ility to detect problem s in volv ed in
running routine p ro g ra m s . U su ally has re c e iv e d som e fo rm a l tra in in g in com puter operation .
M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l o p era to r on com p lex p ro g ra m s.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f business p rob le m s, ty p ic a lly p rep a red by a system s analyst, into
a sequence o f d eta iled in stru ction s which a re re q u ired to so lv e the prob lem s by autom atic data
p ro ce ssin g equipment. W orking fr o m charts o r d ia gra m s, the p ro g ra m e r develop s the p r e c is e in ­
structions which, when en tered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

26
CO M PUTER

PRO GRAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

o f data to ach ieve d es ire d resu lts. W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A pp lies know ledge o f
com puter ca p a b ilities, m a th em a tics, lo g ic em ployed by com pu ters, and p a rticu la r subject m a tter
in volved to analyze charts and dia gra m s o f the prob lem to be p rogra m ed ; d evelop s sequence
o f p rog ra m steps; w rite s d eta iled flo w ch arts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p roce ssed ;
con verts these ch arts to coded in stru ction s fo r m achine to fo llow ; tests and c o rr e c ts p rog ra m s;
p rep a res instructions fo r operatin g personn el during production run; a n alyzes, re v ie w s , and a lters
p rog ra m s to in cre a s e opera tin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new requ irem en ts; m aintains re c o rd s of
p rogra m developm en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W ork ers p e rfo rm in g both system s analysis and p r o ­
gram in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to d eterm in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily resp o n sib le fo r the managem ent o r su p ervisio n o f
other elec tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p lo y e e s , o r p r o g ra m e r s p r im a r ily concern ed with s cie n tific
and/or en gin eering p rob le m s.
F o r wage study p u rp oses,

p r o g ra m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s:

C lass A . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d irectio n on com p lex prob lem s which
re q u ire com petence in a ll phases o f p ro g ra m in g concepts and p r a c tic e s . W orking fro m d ia ­
gram s and charts which id en tify the nature o f d es ire d re su lts , m a jo r p ro ce ssin g steps to be
accom plished , and the relation sh ips between variou s steps o f the problem solvin g routine;
plans the fu ll range o f prog ra m in g action s needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the com puter system
in a ch ievin g d e s ire d end products.
A t this le v e l, p rog ra m in g is d iffic u lt because com puter equipment must be o rga n ized to
produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e rs e products fro m numerous and d iv e rs e data elem en ts.
A wide v a rie ty and ex ten s ive number o f in tern al p ro c e s s in g actions m ust o ccu r. Th is re q u ires
such actions as developm en t o f comm on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points betw een o p era tio n s, adjustm ents to data when p rog ra m requ irem en ts exceed
com puter sto ra ge ca p a city, and substantial m anipulation and resequ encing o f data elem ents
to fo rm a h igh ly in tegra ted p ro g ra m .
M ay p ro vid e fu nctional d irectio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s who a re assigned to a ssist.
C la ss B . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d irection on re la t iv e ly sim ple
p ro g ra m s, o r on sim p le segm en ts o f com plex p ro g ra m s.
P ro g ra m s (o r segm en ts) usually
p ro ce ss in form a tion to produce data in two o r th ree v a rie d sequences o r fo rm a ts. R ep orts
and listin gs a re produced by refin in g, adapting, a rra y in g , o r making m in o r additions to or
deletion s fr o m input data which a re re a d ily a va ila b le.
W hile numerous re c o rd s m ay be
p ro ce ssed , the data have been refin ed in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
o f data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
T y p ic a lly , the p rogra m deals with
routine re c o rd -k e e p in g type o p era tio n s.
OR
W orks on co m p lex p rog ra m s (as d es crib e d fo r cla ss A ) under clo s e d ire c tio n o f a h igher
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r su p e rv is o r.
M ay a s s is t h igh er le v e l p ro g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks assigned, and p erfo rm in g m o re d ifficu lt tasks under fa ir ly clo se
direction .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s .
C la ss C. Makes p ra c tic a l applications o f p rog ra m in g p ra c tic es and concepts usually
lea rn ed in fo rm a l tra in in g co u rs e s . A ssignm ents a re designed to d ev elop com petence in the
application o f standard p roced u res to routine p rob le m s. R e c e iv e s clo se su pervision on new
aspects o f a ssignm ents; and w ork is re view ed to v e r ify its accu racy and conform ance with
re q u ired p roce d u res.
C O M P U T E R SYS TE M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s business prob lem s to form u la te procedu res fo r solvin g them by use o f e lec tro n ic
data p ro ce ssin g equipment. D evelops a com plete d es crip tio n o f a ll specifica tion s needed to enable
p ro g ra m e rs to p rep a re re q u ired d ig ita l com puter p ro g ra m s. W ork in volves m ost of the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly zes su b jec t-m a tter operations to be automated and id en tifies conditions and c r ite r ia requ ired
to ach ieve s a tis fa c to ry re su lts ; s p e c ifie s number and types of re c o rd s , file s , and documents to
be used; outlines action s to be p e rfo rm e d by personn el and com puters in su fficien t detail for
presen tation to m anagem ent and fo r p rog ra m in g (ty p ic a lly this in volves p repa ra tion o f w ork and
data flo w ch a rts); coordin ates the developm en t o f test p roblem s and p a rticip a tes in tr ia l runs of
new and re v is e d sy stem s; and recom m en ds equipment changes to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll
operations. (N O T E : W o rk ers p erfo rm in g both system s a n alysis and p rogra m in g should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to determ in e th eir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily re spon sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su pervision
o f other ele c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p lo y ees, o r system s analysts p r im a r ily concerned with
scie n tific o r en gin eerin g p ro b le m s.
F o r w age study pu rp oses,

system s analysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:

C la ss A .
W orks independently o r under only gen era l d irection on com plex problem s invo lvin g all phases o f system s a n a lysis. P ro b le m s a re co m p lex because o f d iv e rs e sou rces o f
input data and m u ltip le-u se requ irem en ts o f output data. (F o r exam ple, develops an in tegrated
production scheduling, in ven tory co n tro l, cost a n a ly sis, and sales analysis re c o rd in which




COM PUTER

SY STEM S

A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

e v e ry item o f each type is a u tom a tica lly p ro c e s s e d through the fu ll system o f re co rd s and
a ppropriate follow u p actions a re in itiated by the com puter.) C o n fers with persons concern ed to
determ in e the data p ro ce ssin g p rob le m s and advises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lic a ­
tions o f new o r re v is e d system s o f data p ro c e s s in g o pera tion s. M akes recom m en dation s, i f
needed, fo r approval o f m a jo r system s in stalla tion s o r changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
M ay p rovid e functional d ire c tio n to lo w e r
as sist.

le v e l system s analysts who are assigned to

C la ss B . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d ire c tio n on problem s that a re
re la t iv e ly uncom plicated to a nalyze, plan, p ro g ra m , and o p era te. P ro b le m s a re o f lim ited
co m p le xity because sou rces o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly
re la ted .
(F o r exam ple, d evelop s system s fo r m aintaining d ep osito r accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts re c e iv a b le in a r e ta il establish m ent, o r m aintaining in ven tory accounts
in a m anufacturing o r w h o lesa le esta b lish m en t.) C on fers with person s concerned to determ in e
the data p ro ce ssin g p roblem s and a d vises s u b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lica tion s o f the
data p ro ce ssin g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a co m p lex data p ro ce ssin g schem e o r system , as d e s crib e d fo r
cla ss A . W orks independently on routine assignm ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance
on com p lex a ssignm ents. W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f judgm ent, com pliance with in ­
stru ctions, and to insu re p ro p e r alinem en t with the o v e r a ll system .
C la ss C . W orks under im m edia te su p ervisio n , c a rr y in g out analyses as assigned, usually
o f a sin gle a c tivity.
A ssign m en ts a re design ed to develop and expand p ra c tic a l ex p erien c e
in the application o f proced u res and s k ills re q u ired fo r system s analysis w ork. F o r exam ple,
m ay a ssist a h igh er le v e l system s analyst by p rep a rin g the d eta iled specifica tion s re q u ired
by p r o g ra m e r s from in form a tion develop ed by the h igh er le v e l analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
C la ss A . Plans the graphic presen tation o f com p lex item s having d istin ctive design
fea tu res that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m esta blish ed draftin g p reced en ts. W orks in clo s e sup­
port with the design o rig in a to r , and m ay recom m en d m in o r design changes. A n a ly ze s the
e ffe c t o f each change on the deta ils o f fo rm , function, and position al relationships o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts.
W orks with a m inim um o f su p e rv is o ry assista n ce.
Com pleted w ork is
re v ie w e d by design o rig in a to r fo r con sisten cy with p r io r en gin eerin g determ in ation s.
May
eith er p rep a re d raw in gs, o r d ir e c t th e ir p rep a ra tion by lo w e r le v e l draftsm en.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and com p lex draftin g assignm ents that re q u ire the a p p li­
cation o f m o st o f the standardized draw in g techniques re g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in ­
vo lve such w ork as:
P r e p a re s w orkin g draw ings of su bassem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltiple functions, and p r e c is e position al relation sh ips between com ponents; p rep a res a rc h i­
tectu ra l draw ings fo r constru ction o f a building including d eta il draw in gs o f foundations, w all
section s, flo o r plans, and ro o f. Uses accepted form u las and manuals in making n ece s s a ry
com putations to determ in e quantities o f m a te r ia ls to be used, load ca p a cities, strength s,
s tre s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in stru ction s, requ irem en ts, and advice fro m su p e rv is o r.
C om p leted w ork is checked fo r tech n ical adequacy.
C lass C . P r e p a re s detail draw ings o f sin gle units o r parts fo r en gin eerin g, constru ction ,
m anufacturing, o r re p a ir pu rp oses. T yp es of draw ings prep a red include is o m e tric p rojectio n s
(dep icting th ree dim ensions in a ccu rate sc a le ) and section al view s to c la r ify positioning o f
components and convey needed in form a tion . C on solid ates d eta ils fro m a number o f sou rces
and adjusts o r tra n sp oses sca le as requ ired . Suggested m ethods o f approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on sou rce m a te r ia ls a re given with in itia l a ssignm ents. Instructions
a re less com plete when assignm ents re cu r.
W ork m ay be spot-ch ecked during p r o g re s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C opies plans and draw ings p rep a red by oth ers by placin g tra cin g cloth or paper o v e r
draw ings and tra cin g with pen o r p en cil.
(D oes not include tra cin g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
consisting o f straight lin es and a la rg e sca le not requ irin g clo s e delin ea tion .)
AND/OR
P r e p a re s sim ple o r re p e titiv e draw ings o f e a s ily v isu a lized item s .
during p r o g re s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly su p ervised

E L E C T R O N IC T E C H N IC IA N
W orks on variou s types of elec tro n ic equipm ent o r system s by p erfo rm in g one o r m o re
o f the fo llow in g o pera tion s: M odifyin g, in stallin g, re p a irin g , and o verh au ling. Th ese operations
re q u ire the p erfo rm a n ce of m o st o r all o f the fo llo w in g tasks: A ssem b lin g , testin g, adjusting,
ca lib ra tin g, tuning, and alining.
W ork is n on rep etitive and re q u ires a know ledge o f the th e o ry and p ra c tic e of elec tro n ics
pertain in g to the use o f gen era l and sp e cia lize d e le c tro n ic test equipm ent; trou ble analysis; and
the operation, relatio n sh ip , and alinem ent o f e le c tro n ic sy stem s, su bsystem s, and c ircu its having
a v a rie ty o f component parts.

27
E L E C T R O N IC T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

NU RSE, IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is te r e d )

E le c tr o n ic equipment o r system s w orked on ty p ic a lly include one or m o re of the fo llo w in g :
Ground, v e h ic le , o r a irb o rn e radio com m unications sy stem s, r e la y system s, navigation aids;
a irb o rn e o r ground ra d a r system s; radio and te le v is io n tra n sm ittin g o r re cord in g sy stem s; e l e c ­
tro n ic com pu ters; m is s ile and sp a cecra ft guidance and co n trol sy stem s; in du strial and m e d ica l
m easu rin g, in dicating and co n trollin g d ev ices; etc.

A re g is te r e d nurse who g iv e s nursing s e r v ic e under ge n era l m e d ic a l d irection to i l l or
injured em p loyees o r oth er persons who becom e i ll o r su ffer an accident on the p rem ise s o f a
fa c to ry o r oth er establish m ent. Duties in volve a com bination of the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid
to the i l l o r injured; attending to subsequent dressin g o f em p lo y ees' in ju ries; keeping re cord s
of patients trea ted ; p rep a rin g accident rep orts fo r com pensation o r oth er pu rposes; a ssistin g in
ph ysical exam inations and health evaluations o f applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out prog ra m s in volv in g health education, accident p reven tion , evaluation o f plant environm ent,
or other a c tiv itie s a ffec tin g the health, w e lfa r e , and sa fety o f a ll personn el. N u rsing su p erviso rs
o r head nurses in establish m ents em ploying m o re than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclu de production a ssem b lers and te s te r s , craftsm en , draftsm en , d es ig n e rs , en gin eers,
and rep a irm en o f such standard elec tro n ic equipment as o ffic e m achines, radio and te le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e ts .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the ca rp en try duties n e c e s s a ry to construct and maintain in good re p a ir bu ild­
ing w oodw ork and equipm ent such as bins, c rib s , cou nters, benches, pa rtitio n s, d o ors, flo o r s ,
s ta irs , ca sin gs, and t r im m ade o f wood in an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g ;
Planning and layin g out of w ork fr o m blu eprints, draw in gs, m o d els , o r verb a l in stru ction s; using a
v a rie ty o f c a rp e n te r's handtools, p orta ble p ow er to o ls , and standard m easuring in stru m en ts; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relatin g to dim ensions o f w ork; and selectin g m a te r ia ls n ece s s a ry
fo r the w ork. In g e n era l, the w ork o f the maintenance ca rp en ter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent train in g and ex p erien c e.

P rod u ces rep la cem en t parts and new parts in m aking re p a irs o f m e ta l parts o f m echanical
equipment operated in an establish m ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
in stru ction s and s p e cifica tio n s; planning and laying out o f w ork; using a v a r ie ty o f m a ch in ist's
handtools and p recisio n m easu ring instrum ents; setting up and operatin g standard machine tools;
shaping o f m e ta l parts to clo s e to le ra n c es; making standard shop computations relatin g to dim en ­
sions o f w ork , too lin g, fee d s, and speeds of machining; know ledge o f the w orkin g p ro p e rtie s of
the comm on m e ta ls; sele ctin g standard m a te r ia ls , pa rts, and equipment re q u ired fo r his w ork;
and fittin g and a ssem blin g parts into m echan ical equipment. In ge n e ra l, the m a ch in ist's w ork
n o rm a lly re q u ires a rounded tra in in g in m achine-shop p r a c tic e usually acq u ired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship or equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p erien ce.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic a l tra d e functions such as the in stallation , m aintenance, or
re p a ir o f equipment fo r the gen era tion , distribu tion , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c tr ic en erg y in an esta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g or re p a irin g any o f a v a rie ty o f e le c ­
t r ic a l equipment such as g e n era to rs , t ra n s fo rm e rs , sw itch boards, c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it b rea k ers ,
m o tors, heating units, conduit sy stem s, o r other tra n sm ission equipment; w orkin g fro m blu e­
prin ts, draw in gs, layouts, or other sp e cifica tio n s; loca tin g and diagnosing trou ble in the e le c tr ic a l
sy stem or equipment; w orking standard computations re la tin g to load requ irem en ts o f w irin g o r
e le c tr ic a l equipment; and using a v a rie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m easu rin g and testin g
instrum ents. In g e n era l, the w ork of the maintenance e le c tr ic ia n re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent train in g and ex p erien c e.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O perates and maintains and m ay also su p ervise the operation o f station ary engines and
equipment (m echan ical o r e le c tr ic a l) to supply the establish m ent in which em ployed with po w er,
heat, r e frig e ra tio n , o r a ir-co n d ition in g .
W ork in vo lv es:
O perating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p r e s s o rs , g e n e ra to rs , m o to rs, tu rbines, ven tilatin g and r e f r i g ­
eratin g equipment, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r - fe d w a ter pumps; making equipment re p a irs ; and
keeping a re c o rd of operation of m a ch in ery, tem p era tu re, and fu el consumption. M ay also su­
p e r v is e these operations. Head or ch ief en gin eers in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one
en gin eer a re exclu ded.
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F ir e s station ary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, pow er,
o r steam . F eeds fu els to fir e by hand o r op era tes a m ech an ical sto k er, gas, o r o il bu rn er; and
checks w a te r and safety v a lv e s .
May clean, o il, o r a ssist in re p a irin g b o ile rr o o m equipment.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S
A s s is ts one o r m o re w ork ers in the sk ille d maintenance tra d es , by p erfo rm in g s p e c ific
o r g e n era l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a w o rk er supplied with m a te ria ls and to o ls;
cleaning w orkin g a rea , m achine, and equipm ent; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m a te ria ls or
too ls; and p erfo rm in g other unskilled tasks as d ire c te d by journeym an. Th e kind o f w ork the
h elp er is perm itted to p e r fo rm v a rie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e: In som e trades the h elp er is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and holding m a te ria ls and to o ls , and cleaning w orking a rea s; and in others
he is p erm itted to p e r fo rm s p e cia lize d machine opera tio n s, o r parts of a tra d e that a re also
p erfo rm e d by w o rk ers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LR O O M
S p ecia liz es in the operation o f one o r m o re types o f machine too ls, such as ji g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d ric a l o r su rface g rin d e rs , engine lathes, or m illin g m achines, in the construction of
m ach in e-sh op to o ls , ga ges, jig s , fix tu res, or d ies. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt machining operations; p roce ssin g item s requ irin g com plicated setups or
a high d eg ree o f accu racy; using a v a rie ty o f p recisio n m easu ring instrum ents; sele ctin g fee d s,
speeds, too lin g, and operation sequence; and m aking n ece s s a ry adjustments during operation
to ach ieve re qu isite tolera n ces o r dim ensions. M ay be requ ired to re co g n ize when too ls need
d ressin g, to d ress to o ls , and to s ele ct p rop e r coolants and cutting and lu bricatin g o ils .
For
cro ss -in d u stry w age study pu rposes, m a ch in e-too l o p era to rs, to o lro o m , in to o l and die jobbing
shops a re excluded fr o m this c la ssifica tio n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M aintenance)
R ep a irs a u tom obiles, buses, m o tortru ck s, and tra c to rs o f an establish m ent. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining au tom otive equipment to diagnose so u rce o f trou ble; d is ­
a ssem blin g equipm ent and p erfo rm in g re p a irs that in volve the use o f such handtools as w ren ch es,
ga g es, d r ills , o r s p e c ia lize d equipment in d isa ssem blin g o r fittin g p a rts; rep la cin g broken or
d efe c tiv e parts fr o m stock; grind ing and adjusting v a lv e s ; re a s sem b lin g and in sta llin g the variou s
a ssem b lies in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a ry adjustm ents; and alinin g w h e els, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, o r tightening body bolts. In ge n era l, the w ork of the au tom otive m echanic re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship o r equ ivalent
train in g and ex p erien c e.
Th is cla s s ific a tio n does not include m echanics who re p a ir c u sto m ers' v eh icles in auto­
m o b ile re p a ir shops.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R ep airs m a ch in ery o r m ech an ical equipment o f an establishm ent.
W ork in volv es m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining m achines and m echan ical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trou ble;
dism antling o r p a rtly dism antling m achines and p erfo rm in g re p a irs that m a in ly in volve the use
o f handtools in scrapin g and fittin g pa rts; rep la cin g broken o r d e fe c tiv e parts with item s obtained
fr o m stock; o rd erin g the production o f a repla cem en t part by a m achine shop o r sending o f the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r re p a irs ; p repa rin g w ritten sp e cifica tion s fo r m a jo r rep a irs
o r fo r the production o f parts o rd ered fr o m machine shop; reassem b lin g m ach in es; and making
a ll n ec e s s a ry adjustm ents fo r operation. In ge n era l, the w ork of a maintenance m echanic re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship or equivalent
tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
Excluded fr o m this cla s s ific a tio n a re w o r k e r s w hose p rim a ry duties
in volve setting up o r adjusting m achines.
M IL L W R IG H T
In sta lls new m achines o r heavy equipment, and dism antles and in stalls m achines o r heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re requ ired . W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out o f the w ork; in te rp retin g blueprints o r other sp e cifica tion s; using a v a rie ty
of handtools and rig gin g; m aking standard shop computations re la tin g to s tre s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls , and cen ters o f g r a v ity ; alinin g and balancing of equipment; sele ctin g standard to o ls ,
equipment, and parts to be used; and in stallin g and maintaining in good o rd e r pow er tra n sm ission
equipment such as d r iv e s and speed red u cers . In g e n era l, the m illw rig h t's w ork n o rm a lly re q u ires
a rounded train ing and e x p erien c e in the tra d e acqu ired through a fo r m a l apprenticeship or
equivalent tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
Pain ts and re d eco ra tes w a lls , w oodw ork, and fix tu res o f an establishm ent. W ork in volves
the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f su rface p ec u lia ritie s and types o f paint re qu ired fo r d ifferen t a p p lica ­
tion s; p rep a rin g su rface fo r painting by rem o vin g old fin ish o r by placin g putty o r f ille r in nail

28
P A IN T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

SH E E T -M E T A L

holes and in te rs tic e s ; and applying paint with sp ra y gun o r brush. M ay m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
lead, and oth er paint in gred ien ts to obtain p rop e r c o lo r o r con sisten cy. In ge n era l, the w ork o f the
maintenance pain ter re q u ire s rounded train in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p erien c e.

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

up and operatin g a ll a va ila b le types o f sh eet-m e ta l w orkin g m ach in es; using a v a rie ty o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and assem b lin g; and in stallin g sh eet-m eta l a rtic le s
as requ ired .
In ge n era l, the w ork o f the m aintenance sh eet-m e ta l w ork er re q u ires rounded
train in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship o r equivalent train ing
and ex p erien c e.

P I P E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In sta lls o r re p a irs w a ter, steam , gas, o r oth er types of pipe and pip efittin gs in an
establishm ent. W ork in vo lv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w ork and m easu ring to loca te
position of pipe fro m draw ings o r oth er w ritten sp e cifica tio n s; cutting va rio u s s iz e s of pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with ch isel and h am m er o r o xy a c etylen e torch o r pipe-cu ttin g m ach in es; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies ; bending pipe by h an d-driven o r p o w e r-d r iv e n m ach in es; a ssem blin g
pipe with couplings and fastening oipe to h an gers; m aking standard shop computations re la tin g to
p re s s u re s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe re q u ired ; and m aking standard tests to d eterm in e whether fin ­
ished pipes m e et sp e cifica tio n s.
In g e n era l, the w ork o f the maintenance p ip e fitte r re q u ires
rounded train in g and ex p erien c e usually a cq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
train ing and ex p erien c e. W ork ers p r im a r ily engaged in in stallin g and re p a irin g building sanitation
o r heating system s a re exclu ded.
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER, M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b rica tes, in s ta lls , and m aintains in good re p a ir the sh eet-m eta l equipment and fix tu res
(such as m achine guards, g re a s e pans, sh elves , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to rs , chutes, ducts, m eta l
roofin g) o f an establish m ent. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll
types o f sh eet-m eta l m aintenance w ork fro m blu eprin ts, m o d els , o r oth er sp e cifica tion s; setting

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a ker; jig m a k er; tool m a k er; fix tu re m a k e r; gage m a k er)
Constructs and re p a irs m ach in e-sh op to o ls , ga ges, jig s ,' fixtu res o r dies fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and oth er m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork in vo lv es m o st of the fo llo w in g; Planning and
layin g out of w ork fro m m o d els , blu eprints, draw in gs, o r other o ra l and w ritten sp ecifica tion s;
using a v a r ie ty o f too l and die m a k e r's handtools and p r e c is io n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing o f the w orkin g p ro p e rtie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a lloy s; setting up and operatin g of
m achine too ls and re la ted equipment; m aking n ece s s a ry shop computations relatin g to dim ensions
o f w ork, speeds, feed s, and toolin g o f m ach in es; h ea t-trea tin g o f m eta l parts during fa b rica tion
as w ell as o f fin ish ed too ls and dies to a ch ieve re q u ired qu alities; w orking to clo se to le ra n c es;
fittin g and a ssem blin g o f parts to p re s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and a llow an ces; and selectin g appropriate
m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In ge n era l, the too l and d ie m a k e r’ s w ork requ ires a rounded
tra in in g in m ach in e-sh op and to o lro o m p ra c tic e usually acq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
o r equivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
F o r c r o s s -in d u s try wage study pu rposes, tool and die m a k ers in tool
shops a re excluded fro m this cla ssifica tio n .

and die jobbing

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — Continued

GUARD A N D W A T C H M A N
Guard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e du ties, e ith er at fix ed post o r on tou r, m aintaining o rd e r,
using arm s o r fo rc e w here n e cess a ry . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on iden tity o f em p loy ees and other person s e n terin g .

and siz e o f contain er; in sertin g en closu res in container; using e x c e ls io r o r other m a te r ia l to
preven t breakage o r dam age; clo sin g and sealin g contain er; and applying labels o r en terin g
iden tifyin g data on contain er.
P a ck e rs who also m ake wooden boxes o r c ra tes a re exclu ded.

W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p ro p e rty against fir e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
(S w eeper; charwom an; ja n itr e s s )
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orking a rea s and w ashroom s, or
p re m is e s o f an o ffic e , apartm ent house, o r c o m m e rc ia l o r oth er establishm ent. Duties in volve
a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Sweeping, m opping o r scrubbing, and polish ing flo o r s ; rem o vin g
chips, trash , and oth er re fu se; dusting equipment, fu rn itu re, o r fixtu res; polish ing m eta l fi x ­
tu res o r trim m in g s; p rovid in g supplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and cleaning la v a to r ie s ,
sh ow ers, and re s tro o m s . W ork ers who s p e c ia lize in window washing a re exclu ded.

P r e p a re s m erch a n dise fo r shipment, o r re c e iv e s and is re sp o n sib le fo r incom ing ship­
m ents o f m erch a n dise o r other m a te r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o ­
ced u res, p r a c tic e s , rou tes, a va ila b le m eans o f tran sportation , and ra tes; and p repa rin g re c o rd s
o f the goods shipped, m aking up b ills o f ladin g, posting weight and shipping ch a rges, and keeping
a file o f shipping re c o r d s .
M ay d ire c t o r a ssist in p rep a rin g the m erch an dise fo r shipment.
R ec eivin g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ire c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g the co rre c tn e s s o f shipments
against b ills o f lading, in v o ic e s , o r oth er re c o r d s ; checking fo r sh ortages and re jectin g dam ­
aged goods; routing m erch an dise o r m a te r ia ls to p rop er departm ents; and m aintaining n ecess a ry
re c o rd s and file s .
F o r w age study pu rposes, w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:
R e c e iv in g c le rk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and re c e iv in g clerk

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
(L o a d e r and unloader; handler and sta cker;
warehousem an o r warehouse h elp er)

s h elver;

tru ck er;

stockman o r stock h elp er;

A w o rk er em ployed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re, o r oth er establish m ent
whose duties in vo lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Loading and unloading variou s m a te r ia ls and
m erch andise on o r fro m freig h t c a rs , tru cks, o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d ev ices; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r placin g m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n dise in p rop e r sto ra ge location ; and tra n sp o rtin g m a te ria ls o r
m erch a n dise by handtruck, c a r, o r w h eelb a rrow . L ongshorem en , who load and unload ships a re
ex clu ded.
ORDER F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ick er; stock s e le c to r; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping o r tra n s fe r o rd e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fro m stored m erch andise in a c c o rd ­
ance with sp e cifica tion s on sales slip s, cu s to m e rs ' o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ction s. M ay, in addition
to fillin g o rd e r s and indicating item s fille d o r om itted, keep re co rd s o f outgoing o rd e r s , re q u i­
sition additional stock o r re p o rt short supplies to su p e rv is o r, and p e rfo rm oth er re la ted duties.

T R U C K D R IV E R
D riv es a truck within a city o r in du strial a rea to tra n sp o rt m a te r ia ls , m erch a n dise,
equipment, or men between va rio u s types o f establish m ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freigh t
depots, w areh ou ses, w holesa le and re ta il establish m en ts, o r between re ta il establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses o r places o f business. M ay also load o r unload tru ck with o r without h elp ers,
m ake m in o r m echan ical r e p a irs , and keep tru ck in good w orkin g o rd e r .
D riv e r-s a le s m e n and
o v e r-th e -ro a d d r iv e r s a re exclu ded.
fo llow s:

F o r wage study pu rposes, tru c k d riv e rs a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equipment, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be rated on the basis o f t r a ile r ca p a city.)
T r u c k d riv e r (com bin ation o f siz e s lis te d s e p a ra te ly)
T r u c k d riv e r, ligh t (under IV 2 tons)
T r u c k d riv e r, m edium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
T r u c k d riv e r, h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d riv e r, h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, oth er than t r a ile r type)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a re s finished products fo r shipment o r sto ra ge by placing them in shipping con­
ta in ers, the s p e cific operations p e rfo rm e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number
o f units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method o f shipment. W ork re q u ires
the placin g o f item s in shipping contain ers and m ay in vo lv e one or m o re of the fo llo w in g :
K now ledge o f variou s item s o f stock in o rd e r to v e r ify content; selection o f a p propriate type




O perates a m anually co n trolled gasolin e- o r e le c tric -p o w e re d tru ck o r tra c to r to tra n sport
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plant, o r other establishm ent.
F o r w age study pu rposes,
T r u c k e r,
T r u c k e r,

w o rk ers a re c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck,

pow er (fo r k lift)
pow er (oth er than fo rk lift)

as fo llow s:

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ---T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
w i l l be a v a i l a b l e at no cos t w h il e supplies la s t f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the back c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N. M e x .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
Augusta , G a —S.C.
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif.
Baton R o u g e , La.
B i l o x i , G ulf p ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S tam fo rd , Conn.
C ed a r R a p id s , Iowa
C hampaign—U r b a n a , 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S.C.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky.
C o l o r a d o S p r in g s , C olo .
C olu m bia , S.C.
Columbus , Ga —A l a .
Corpu s C h r i s t i , T e x .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M i n n —W is .
S
El P a s o , Tex.
Eug ene— p r in g f i e l d , O r e g .
S
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D a k —Minn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d —P a —W. Y a .
F r e s n o , C a lif.
Grand F o r k s , N. Dak.
Grand Island— a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
G r e e n s b o r o —Win ston S a le m — igh P o in t, N .C .
H
H a r r i s b u r g , P a.
K n o x v i l l e , Tenn.

C op ies of public r e l e a s e s a r e or

Laredo, Tex.
Las V ega s, Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n Sh ore, M d —V a.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a r q u e tte , E scanaba, Sault Ste.
M a r i e , M ic h.
M e lb o u r n e — i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
T
( B r e v a r d Co.)
M eridian , M is s.
M i d d l e s e x , M on mouth, O cean, and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
M on tgo m ery, Ala.
N a s h v i l l e , Tenn.
N o r t h e a s t e r n M aine
N o r w i c h — roto n— e w Lon don, Conn.
G
N
Ogden, Utah
O r la n d o, F la .
Oxnard— im i V a l l e y — entu ra, C a lif.
S
V
P ana m a C it y, F la .
P o r ts m o u th , N . H —M a i n e - M a s s .
P u e b lo , C olo.
R e n o, N e v .
S a cr a m e n to , C alif.
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a lif.
Sherm an — enison , T e x .
D
S h r e v e p o r t, L a .
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s —Conn.
H
T o p e k a , Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a l l e j o — a i r f i e l d — ap a, C a lif.
F
N
W ilm in g to n , D e l —N . J —Md.
Yuma, A r iz .

R e p o r t s f o r the fo l l o w i n g s u r v e y s conducted in the p r i o r y e a r but since discontinued a r e a ls o a v a i l a b l e :
A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ic h.
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
Austin , T e x . *
F o r t Sm ith , A r k —Okla.
G r ea t F a l l s , Mont.
*

Exp anded to an a r e a wage s u r v e y in f i s c a l y e a r 1973.

L e x in g to n , K y . *
P in e Blu ff, A r k .
Stockton, C alif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
W ic h ita F a l l s , T e x .
See in sid e bac k c o v e r .

T h e tw e lfth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r accountants, au d ito rs , c h ie f acc ou n tan ts , a tt o r n e y s , job a n a lys ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, buyer s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r as B L S Bulletin 1742, N ation al S u rv e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a c op y, f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a le s o f f i c e s shown on the b ack c o v e r , o r f r o m the
Superintendent of Docum ents , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f i c e , Washington, D .C ., 20402.


☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 9 7 2 — 746-1 85/44





A re a W a g e S u rv e y s
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the E m p l o y m e n t S t a n d a r d s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f the B L S
r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 20402.
B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r i c e

Area

A k r o n , Ohio , July 1971 1______________________________________
A lb a n y —Schenecta dy—T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1972_____________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1972 1________________________
A lle n t o w n —B et h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1972 1 __
A tlan t a , G a . , M a y 1972 1______________________________________
A u s t i n , T e x . , De c. 1972 1 (to be s u r v e y e d )
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug . 1971___________________________________
B eau m o n t — o r t Arthur —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1972_______
P
B in gh am t on , N . Y . , July 1972________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1972________________ _______________
B o i s e City, Idaho, No v. 1971________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1971____________________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , Oct. 1971______________________________________
B u r li n g t o n , V t. , Dec. 1971___________________________________
Canton , Ohio , M a y 1972 * _____________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 1972 1 ___________________________
C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , Jan. 1 972 1 _________________________________
Ch attano o ga, Tenn.—G a . , Sept. 1971________________________
C h i c a g o , 111., June 1972_______________________________________
Ci ncinnati, Ohio—Ky.—In d ., F e b . 1972______________________
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio , Sept. 1971__________________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio , Oct. 1971___________________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1971_______________________________________
D a v e n p o r t —Rock Is la n d— o li n e , Io w a^Ill ., F e b . 1972 1__
M
Dayt on, Ohio, D ec. 1971 1 __ „
_________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , De c. 1971 1___________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, M a y 1972 1 ______________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1972____________________________________
D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1972 1___________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o ll y w o o d and W e s t P a l m
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1972 1____________________________________
F o r t W o r th , T e x . , Oct. 1971_________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1972 1________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S .C ., M a y 1972__________________________________
Houston, T e x . , A p r . 1972_____________________________________
H u n t sv ill e , A l a . , F e b . 1972 1 ________________________________
In d ia napo lis, Ind., Oct. 1971_________________________________
Ja ck so n , M i s s . , Jan. 1972____________________________________
J a c k s o n v ill e , F l a . , De c. 1971_______________________________
K a n s a s City, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1971_______________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1972 1__________
Le xin gto n, K y ., No v. 1972 1 (to be s u r v e y e d )
Little Rock—N o r t h Little Rock, A r k . , July 1972 1_______
L o s A n g e l e s —Lo ng B e a c h and A n a h e i m —Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1972_________________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., No v. 1971 1___________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1972 1-----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , July 1972 1 ______________________________
M e m p h i s , Tenn.—A r k . , No v. 1971 1 ________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , No v. 1971_______________________________________
M i d l a n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1972 1 ----------------------------


D a ta o n
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/e s ta b lis h m e n t
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

p r a c t ic e s an d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e

1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
45cents

1725-16,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

35cents
30cents
45cents
30cents
30cents
40cents
45cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
70cents
35cents
40cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
40cents
30cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1775- 1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725-18,
1725-81,

35cents
30cents
55cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
35cents

1775-2,

55cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,

45cents
35cents
35cents
55cents
35cents
30cents
30cents

p ro v is io n s a r e a ls o p re s e n te d .

Area

M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1972 1_________________________________
M i n n e a p o l is —St. P a u l , M inn ., Jan. 1972 1 __________________
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H eigh ts , M i c h ., June 1972 1 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y Ci ty, N . J . , Jan. 1972 1 ________________
N e w H aven , Co nn ., Jan. 1972 1_______________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1972_________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1972 1
__________________________________
N o r f o l k ^ V i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
P
N e w p o r t N e w s —Ham pton, V a . , Jan. 1972-----------------------O k la h o m a City, O k l a . , July 1972____________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1971 1____________________________
P a t e r s o n —C li fto n — a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1972 1 -----------------P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1971 1 ----------------------------------P h o e n i x , A r i z . , June 1972 1-------------------------------------------------P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1972____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , No v. 1971 1_________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1972 1 ---------------------------------P o u g h k e e p s ie —Kin gst on—N e w b u r g h , N . Y . ,
June 1972 1 ______________________________________________________
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k — a w t u c k e t , R.I.—M a s s . ,
P
M a y 1972_________________________________________________________
R a le i g h , N . C . , Aug . 1 972 -----------------------------------------------------Ric hm ond , V a . , M a r . 1972 1 ______________________________ __R i v e r sid e—San B e r n a r d in c r - O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
D e c. 1971________________________________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f fi c e o cc upa tions only), J u ly 1972----R o c k f o r d , 111., June 1972 1 ____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1972_______________________________
Salt L a k e City, Utah , No v. 1971_____________________________
San Antonio, T e x . , M a y 1972_________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1971 1________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1971 1 _______________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1972___________________________________
Sava nnah, G a . , M a y 1972 1 _____________________________________
Scr an ton , P a . , July 1972_______________________________________
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J an. 1972__________________________
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k . , D ec. 1971______________________________
South B end , In d ., M a y 1972 1 _________________________________
Spo kane, W a s h . , June 1972 1__________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1972____________________________________
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1972___________________
T o le d o , Oh io —M i c h . , A p r . 1972 1 ____________________________
T r e n to n , N . J . , Sept. 1971______________________________________
Utica—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1972----------------------------------------------W a sh in gto n, D . C . - M d . - V a . , M a r . 1972 1 --------------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1972 1 ______________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, No v. 1971____________________________________
W ich ita , K a n s . , A p r . 1972 1------------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1972 1_______________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b. 1972 1 ---------------------------------------------------------Yo un gs tow n— a r r e n , Ohio , N o v . 197 1 1 ____________________
W

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
50 cents

1725-42,
1775-6,
1725-13,
1725-88,
1725-62,
1725-94,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1725-89,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
40 cents
50 cents
55 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
177 5-10,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1725- 12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
3 5 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
45 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents
45 cents
35 cents
30 cents
45 cents
70 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212

FIRST CLASS M AIL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E U SE. $ 3 0 0




*


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102