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iE A WAGE SURVEY
J e th le h e m —E a s to n , P e n n s y lv a n ia —
srsey, M e tr o p o lita n A re a , M a y 1 9 7 2

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 8 7
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

/

Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas. Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

• «




Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 8 7
October 1972

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, James D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUR EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e A lle n t o w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P e n n s y lv a n ia N e w J e rs e y , M e tr o p o lita n A r e a , M a y 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page

1.
5.

In tro d u c tio n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T a b le s :
E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f ch an ge f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n
A - 2 . P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

B.

6.

1.
2.

A.

4.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s
B - 2 . S h ift d if fe r e n t ia ls
B - 3 . S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and days
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s
B - 5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p lan s

7.
9.
10

.
12.
11.

14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

21 .
23.

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 04 02 —Price 35 cents

P re fa c e
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s is d e s ig n e d to p r o v id e data
on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ­
t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u s tr y
d iv is io n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r
th e U n ite d S ta te s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2 ) th e s tr u c tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s am on g
a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

N o te :
S im ila r r e p o r t s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o th e r a r e a s .
b ack c o v e r . )

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ­
t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s in th e A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a ston a r e a
is a ls o a v a ila b le f o r th e c o tto n , m a n -m a d e f i b e r , and w o o l
t e x t ile s in d u s tr y (A u g u s t 1971).

A t th e end o f ea c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin p r e ­
sen ts th e r e s u lt s .
A f t e r c o m p le t io n o f a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s
f o r a round o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s data f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
T h e s e co n d p r e s e n ts in fo r m a tio n w h ic h h a s b een p r o je c t e d f r o m in ­
d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d ata to r e la t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and th e
U n ite d S ta te s .
N in e t y - fo u r a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In
ea c h a r e a , in fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d a n n u ally
and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s
b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y in A lle n to w n —
B e t h le h e m - E a s t o n , P a .—N .J ., in M a y 1972. T h e S tan d ard M e tr o p o lita n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d get
( f o r m e r l y th e B u re a u o f th e B u d g e t) th ro u g h J an u ary 1968, c o n s is ts o f
L e h ig h and N o r th a m p to n C o u n tie s , P a .; and W a r r e n C ou n ty, N .J . T h is
study w a s co n d u cted b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in P h ila d e lp h ia ,
P a . , u n der th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f Ir w in L . F e ig e n b a u m , A s s is t a n t
R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a tio n s .




(S ee in s id e

ii

In tro d u c tio n
This a r e a is 1 of 94 in which the U.S. De partm ent of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r Statistics conducts su r v ey s of occupational earnin gs
and re lat ed benefits on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In this a r e a , data w e r e o b ­
tained by p e r s o n a l v is its of B u r e a u field econom ists to re ores en tativ e
establi sh m ents within six b ro a d in du stry div is ion s:
Man ufactu ri ng;
transporta tio n, comm un ication, and other public utilities; w h o les ale
tr ade; re tail tr ade; finance, in su ran ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r indu stry grou ps excluded fr o m these studies a r e government
ope ra tio ns and the construction and extract ive in du stries. E s t a b l i s h ­
ments having f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d nu m ber of w o r k e r s a r e omitted
beca use they tend to fu rnish insufficient emplo yment in the occupations
studied to w a r ra n t in clusion.
Se parate tabulations ar e p ro v id ed fo r
each of the b ro a d in du stry div is ions which m eet publication c r it e r ia .

Occupational em ploym ent and earnin gs data ar e shown fo r
f u ll -t im e w o r k e r s , i.e ., those h ired to w o rk a r e g u l a r w eek ly schedule.
E a rn in g s data exclude p r e m i u m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w o rk on
weekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses ar e e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g allo w an ces and incentive earnings ar e in ­
cluded. W h e re w eek ly ho urs a r e re port ed, as fo r office c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
pations, r e fe r e n c e is to the stan dard w o rk w e e k (rounded to the nea rest
half hour) fo r which em p lo y ees re c e iv e th eir r e g u l a r str aig h t-t im e
s a l a r i e s (ex c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e rt im e at re g u l a r and/or prem ium
ra t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnin gs fo r these occupations have been
rounded to the n e a re s t half d o lla r.

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conducted on a sam p le b a s is b eca u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y cost in volved in surveyin g all establi sh m ents. To
obtain optimum a c c u ra c y at m in im u m cost, a g r e a t e r p ro po rtio n of
l a r g e than o f s m all es tabli sh m ents is studied. In combining the data,
h o w e v e r , al l es ta bli shm ents a r e given th eir a p pro priate weight. E s t i ­
m a t e s b a s e d on the es tabli sh m ents studied a r e pre sented, th e re fo r e ,
as re la tin g to all es ta bli shm ents in the indu stry grouping and a r e a ,
except fo r those b e lo w the m in im um s iz e studied.

T h e s e su r v ey s m e a s u r e the lev el of occupational earnings in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r time. C o m p a r is o n s of individual occupational
a v e r a g e s o v e r time m a y not re fle ct expected w age changes.
The
a v e r a g e s fo r individual jobs a r e affected by changes in w ages and
emplo yment patterns. F o r ex am ple, p ro portions of w o r k e r s employed
by high- o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change or h i g h -w a g e w o r k e r s m ay
advance to bette r jobs and be re p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at l o w e r ra tes .
Such shifts in em ployment could d e c r e a s e an occupational a v e r a g e even
though m o s t es ta bli shm ents in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during the y e a r .
T re n d s in e a r n in g ' o f occupational grou ps, shown in table 2, ar e
better in dicato rs of w age tr ends than individual jobs within the groups.

Occupations and E a r n in g s
The occupations sel ecte d fo r study ar e common to a var iety
of m anufa cturin g and nonmanufacturing in du stries, and a r e of the
fo llo w in g types:
(1) Office c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerp lant; and (4) custodial and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment.
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is b a s e d on a uniform set o f job
des criptio ns des igne d to take account of in terestab lis hm en t varia tio n
in duties within the sam e job.
The occupations selecte d fo r study
a r e listed and d e s c r i b e d in the appendix. U n le s s o the rw is e indicated,
the earnin gs data fo llo wing the jo b titles a r e fo r all industri es c o m ­
bined. E a rn in g s data fo r som e of the occupations liste d and d e s c ri b e d ,
o r f o r som e indu stry divisions within occu pations , ar e not presented
in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b eca u s e either (1) em ployment in the o c c u p a ­
tion is too sm all to p rovid e enough data to m e r i t presentation, or
(2) there is p o s s ib ility of d i s c l o s u r e of individual es ta bli sh m ent data.
E a rn in g s data not shown s e p a ra t e ly fo r in dustry divisions a r e included
in al l in du stries combined data, w h e r e shown.
L ik e w is e , data are
included in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a su b clas s ificatio n of s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is n
cj>t shown o r info rm atio n to s u b c l a s s ify
is not av aila b le.

The a v e r a g e s presented re fle ct composite, a r eaw id e e s t i­
mates.
Industr ie s and es ta bli sh m ents d iffe r in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute diffe rently to the es timates fo r each job.
The pay re la tio nship obtainable fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fail to reflect
acc u ra tely the w age s pread o r d iffe re ntia l maintained among jobs in
individual es ta b li sh m en ts . Sim ilarly , d iffe ren c es in a v e r a g e pay le vels
fo r m en and w om en in any of the sel ecte d occupations should not be
as s u m e d to re fle ct d iffe re n c e s in pay tr eatment of the sexes within
individual e sta b li sh m ents.
Oth er p o s s ib le fac to rs which m ay co n ­
tribute to d iffe re n c e s in pay fo r m en and wom en include: D i ffer en ces
in p r o g r e s s i o n within establi sh ed rate ra nges, since only the actual
ra tes paid incumbents ar e co llected; and diffe ren c es in specific duties
p e r f o r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s ifi e d ap pr o p r iat ely within
the sam e s u r v e y job d escri ptio n. Job descri ptio ns us ed in clas s ify in g
em p lo y ees in these s u r v e y s a r e usu ally m o r e g e n e ra liz e d than those
used in in dividual es ta bli sh m ents and al low fo r m in o r diffe ren c es
among establi sh m ents in the specific duties p e r fo r m e d .

1 Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These
areas are Binghamton, N .Y . (N ew Y o A portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and
West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N .Y .
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y . ; and Utica— Rome, N . Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
more limited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




Occupa tiona l em ploym en t esti m ates re p r e s e n t the total in all
es ta bli shm ents within the scope of the study and not the num ber actu­
a lly s u rv ey ed. B e c a u s e of d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure among
e sta b li sh m ents, the es ti m ate s of occupational employment obtained

1

2
fr o m the s a m p le of esta b li sh m ents studied s e r v e only to indicate
the re la t iv e im p o rt a n c e o f the jo b s studied.
T hese d iffe re n c e s in
occu pational str u c t u re do not affect m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the
e arnin gs data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and Su pp lem entary W age P r o v i s i o n s
Info rm ation is p res en t ed (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on selecte d
e s ta b li sh m ent p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en tar y w age p ro v is io n s as they
re la t e to plant- and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
Data fo r indu stry d iv is ion s not
p res en t ed s e p a r a t e l y a r e include d in the estim ate s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n is t ra t iv e , exec utive, and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y ees , and c o n s tr u c ­
tion w o r k e r s who a r e ut il iz ed as a sep a ra t e w o rk fo rc e a r e excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " include w o rk in g f o r e m e n and all n o n s u p e r v is o ry w o r k ­
e r s (including lead m en and tr a in e e s ) eng aged in nonoffice functions.
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " include w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o ry
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r re la t e d functions. C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s
and rou temen a r e exclud ed in m an u factu rin g in d u st rie s , but included
in no nmanufacturing in d u st rie s .
M in i m u m entran ce s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) re la te only to the es ta b lish m en ts vis ited . B e c a u s e of the optimum
sam pli ng techniques used, and the p ro b a b ilit y that l a r g e e s t a b li s h ­
ments a r e m o r e like ly to have f o r m a l entrance ra tes f o r w o r k e r s
abo ve the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s ta b li sh m ents, the ta ble is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l ic ie s in m e d iu m and l a r g e es ta b li sh m en ts .
Shift d iffe re n t ia l data (table B - 2 ) a r e lim it ed to p la n tw o rk e rs
in m anu fa cturin g in d u st rie s .
T his in fo rm at io n is p re s e n t e d both in
t e r m s of (1) esta b li sh m ent p olic y, 2 p re s e n t e d in t e r m s of total plantw o r k e r em plo ym ent, and (2) effecti ve p r a c t ic e , p re s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s actually em plo yed on the sp e cified shift at the tim e of the
survey.
In es ta b li sh m ents having v a r i e d d iffe re n t ia ls , the amount
applying to a m a j o r i t y w as u s e d o r , if no amount ap plied to a m a j o rit y ,
the c la s s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as used . In e sta b li sh m ents in which some
l a t e - s h ift ho urs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a te s , a dif fe rentia l w as r e c o r d e d
only if it ap plie d to a m a j o r i t y of the shift hours.
The sched uled w eek ly ho urs and days (table B - 3 ) of a m a ­
jo r it y of the f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an establi sh m ent a r e tabulated as
applying to all of the p la n t- o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of that esta blish m en t.
Scheduled w eek ly ho urs and days a r e those which a m a j o r it y of f u l l ­
ti m e em p lo y ees w e r e expected to w o rk , w het her they w e r e paid fo r at
s tr a ig h t -t im e o r o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a i d h olid ays; p aid vacations; and health, in su ran ce, and p e n ­
sion plans (tables B - 4 through B - 6 ) a r e tr eat ed s tatis tically on the
b a s i s that thes e a r e a p p lic a b le to all p la nt- or o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a

m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l ig i b le o r m a y even tually qualify fo r
the p r a c t ic e s lis ted . Sums of in dividual it em s in ta b le s B - 2 through
B - 6 m a y not equa l totals b e c a u s e of rounding.
Data on paid h o lid ay s (tabl e B - 4 ) a r e lim ited to data on h o l i ­
days gran te d annually on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p ro v id ed f o r in
written fo r m , o r (2) have been es ta b lish ed by cu stom. H oliday s o r d i ­
n a r il y gr an te d a r e include d ev en though they m a y fall on a nonworkday
and the w o r k e r is not grante d another day off. The f i r s t part of the
paid ho lid ays table p r e s e n t s the n u m b er of whole and half holid ay s
actually gran te d.
The second p a r t co m b in es whole and half holid ay s
to show total holiday t i m e .
The s u m m a r y o f v acation plans (table B - 5 ) is lim ited to a
statistical m e a s u r e of v aca tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not intended as a
m e a s u r e of the p ro p o r tio n of w o r k e r s actually re c e iv i n g specific b e n e ­
fits.
P r o v i s i o n s of an es ta b lish m en t f o r al l lengths o f s e r v i c e w e r e
tabulated as applying to all p la n t- o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b li s h ­
ment, r e g a r d l e s s o f length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r payment on
other than a tim e b a s i s w e r e converted to a tim e b a s is ; for ex am p le,
a payment of 2 p erc ent o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as the eq uiv ­
alent of 1 w e e k 's pay. Only b a s ic plans a r e included. E s tim a te s e x ­
clude vaca tion bonus and v a c a t io n - s a v in g s plans and th ose which o ffe r
" e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " ben efits beyond b a s ic plans with qualifying
lengths of s e r v i c e . Such e x clusion s a r e typical in the steel, alum inum ,
and can in d u st ries .
Data on health, in su ra n c e , and pension pla ns (table B - 6 ) in ­
clude those plans fo r which the e m p lo y e r pays at l e a s t a p a rt of the
cost. Such plans include th ose u n derw ritte n by a c o m m e r c i a l in su ran ce
co mpany and those p ro v id e d th rough a union fund o r paid d ire c tly by
the e m p lo y e r out of c u rre n t o peratin g funds o r f r o m a fund set aside
fo r this p u rp o s e . A n establi sh m ent w a s c o n s id e r e d to have a plan if
the m a j o r i t y of e m p lo y e e s w as e l ig ib le to be c o v e r e d under the plan,
even if l e s s than a m a j o r i t y el ected to partic ipate b e c a u s e e m p lo y ees
w e r e re q u ir e d to contribute to w a r d the cost o f the plan. L e g a l l y r e ­
quired p la n s, such as w o r k m e n 's com pensation, so c ia l s ecu rit y , and
r a i l r o a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e excluded.
Sickn es s and accident in su ra n c e is lim ited to that type of in ­
s urance under which p r e d e t e r m in e d cash pay ments a r e m a d e d ire ctly
to the in su re d d uring t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r accident d is ab il it y . I n f o r ­
matio n is p re s e n t e d f o r all such pla ns to which the e m p lo y e r co n t rib ­
utes.
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , which have enacted
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su ran ce l a w s which r e q u i r e em p lo y e r c o ntrib u­
t i o n s , 3 plans a r e included only i f the e m p lo y e r (1) contributes m o r e
than is l e g a l ly re q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the em p lo y ee with benefits
which ex ceed the re q u ir e m e n t s o f the law .
Tabu la tio ns of paid sick

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
2
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California and

Rhode Island do not require employer

3
le a v e pla ns a r e lim it ed to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 which p ro v id e full pay o r a
p r o p o r tio n of the w o r k e r ' s pay during absence fr o m w o r k beca use of
illness.
Separate ta bulations a r e presented acc ording to (1) plans
which p ro v id e fu ll pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans which p r o ­
vide eith er p a rt ia l pay o r a waiting p eriod . In addition to the p r e s e n ­
tation of the p ro p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id ed s ic k ness and
accident in su ran ce o r paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated total is shown
of w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e eith er o r both types of bene fit s.
L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y plans pro v id e payments to totally d i s ­
abled em p lo y ees upon the exp ir ation of their paid sick leav e and/or
s ic k ness and accident in su ran ce, o r aft er a p re d e te rm in e d p e rio d of
d is a b ilit y (ty p ic ally 6 months).
P a ym e nts a r e m ad e until the end of
4 A n establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the mini­
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




the dis abil it y, a m a x i m u m ag e, o r elig ib il it y fo r re tir e m e n t benefits.
Paym ents m a y be at full o r p art ial pay but a r e alm o st alw ays r e ­
duced by s ocia l s ecurity, w o r k m e n 's compensation, and p riv a te pension
benefits payable to the d is a b le d em ployee.
M a j o r m e d ic a l in su ran ce includes those plans which a r e d e ­
signed to pro te ct e m p lo y ees in case of sic k ness and in ju ry involving
expenses beyond the c o v e r a g e of b as ic hospitaliz ation, m ed ica l, and
s u r g ic a l pla ns. M e d i c a l in sura n ce r e f e r s to plans p ro vid in g fo r c o m ­
plete or p a rt ia l payment of d o c to rs ' fe e s.
Dental in su ran ce usually
c o v e r s fi ll in g s , extra ctio ns, and X - r a y s .
E x clud ed a r e plans which
c o v er only o r a l s u r g e r y o r accident d am age.
P la n s m a y be u n d e r ­
wri tt en by c o m m e r i c a l in su ran ce companies o r nonprofit orga nizations
o r they m a y be paid fo r by the em p lo y e r out of a fund set aside fo r
this p u rp o s e. Tab ulatio ns of re tir em en t pension plans a r e lim ited to
those plans that p ro v id e r e g u l a r payments f o r the re m a in d e r of the
w o r k e r ' s life.

4

T ab le 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in A llentow n —B eth le h e m —Easton, P a .—N .J .,1

by m ajor industry division,2 M ay 1 9 7 2
Number of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Plant
Number

A ll divisions_______________________________
Ma nufa c tur i ng__________________________________
N onmanufa c tur ing______________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5
---------------------------Wholesale tra d e------------------------------------Retail trade------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate_______
Services 8
____________________________________

Studied

Tota l4

Studied

Office

Percent

Total4

_

497

123

116,636

100

82,622

15,699

65,669

50
-

326
171

64
59

87,272
29,364

75
25

63, 213
19, 409

10,721
4, 978

48, 256
17, 413

50
50
50
50
50

30
24
70
18
29

13
6
19
9
12

7,668
2, 253
13, 192
3, 321
2, 930

7
2
11
3
2

5, 081
( 6)
(6)
( 7)
( 6)

1,251
(6)
( 6)
( 6)
(6)

5, 291
824
7, 222
2, 504
1, 572

1 The Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the O ffice of Management and Budget (fo rm e rly the Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968,
consists of Lehigh and Northampton Counties, Pa.; and Warren County, N.J. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the
size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to
measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (Z) small
establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
z
The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or,above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in suchindustries as trade, finance,
auto repair
service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed
initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates'! for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables,
but from the real
estateportion only in
estimates for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Over three-fourths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton area were employed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the
major industry groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Prim ary metal industries______ 26
Apparel and other textile
products_______________________ 19
E lectrical equipment and
supplies_______________________ 9
Machinery, except electrical--- 9
Fabricated metal products_____ 6
Textile m ill products___________ 6
Food and kindred products------ 5

Specific industries
Blast furnace and basic
steel products_________________ 24
Women's and m isses'
outerwear---------------------------10
Communication equipment_____ 5
General industrial m achinery— 5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
materials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a r e indexes and p erc e n ta g e s of change
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of office c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in dustri al n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e earnin gs of selecte d p lan tw o rk er gr oups. The indexes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a gi ven tim e, e x p r e s s e d as a p erce nt of
w a g e s during the b a s e p eriod . Subtracting 100 fr o m the index yields
the p erce ntag e change in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e rio d to the date of
the index.
The p e rc e n ta g e s of change or i n c r e a s e rela te to w age
changes b et ween the indicated dates. Annu al rates of i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, re fle c t the amount of in c r e a s e fo r 12 months when the time
p e rio d between s u r v e y s w a s other than 12 months. T h es e computations
w e r e b a s e d on the assum pti on that w a g e s i n c re a s e d at a constant rate
between s u rv ey s. T h e s e es ti m ate s a r e m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r ­
age s fo r the a r e a ; they a r e not intended to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay
changes in the esta b li sh m ents in the ar ea.

shows the p erce n tag e change. The index is the produ ct of multiplying
the b a s e y e a r re lativ e (100) by the rela tiv e f o r the next succeeding
y e a r and continuing to m ulti ply (compound) each y e a r ' s rela tiv e by the
p re v io u s y e a r ' s index.
F o r office c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industri al n u r s e s , the w age
trends relate to r e g u l a r w eek ly s a l a r i e s fo r the n o r m a l w o rk w eek,
ex clusiv e of earnin gs fo r overtim e.
F o r p lan tw o rk er g rou ps, they
m e a s u r e changes in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-t im e hourly e arnin gs, excluding
p r e m i u m pay fo r o v ert im e and fo r w o r k on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The p e rc e n ta g e s ar e b a s e d on data f o r selected key o c c u ­
pations and include m ost of the n u m e r i c a l ly important jobs within
each group.
Lim it ati ons of Data

Method of Computing
The indexe s and p erce ntag es of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e influenced by;
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e changes, (2) m e r it or other in c r e a s e s in pay r e ceiv e d by in d i­
vid ua l w o r k e r s w hile in the sam e job, and (3) changes in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to changes in the la b o r fo rc e resulting fr o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r, fo r c e ex pansio ns, fo rc e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em ployed by es ta blish m en ts with different pay lev els.
C han ge s in the l a b o r fo r c e can cause in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational a v e r a g e s without actual w age changes. It is conce ivable
that even though a ll es ta bli shm ents in an a r e a gave w age in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declined b e c a u s e l o w e r -p a y in g es ta blishments
entered the a r e a o r expanded their w o r k fo r c e s .
S i m ila rly , w a g e s
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly constant, yet the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g es ta blish m en ts
entered the a r e a .

E a c h of the fo llo w in g key occupations within an occupational
gr oup w a s a s s ig n e d a constant weight b a s e d on its proportionate e m ­
plo yment in the occupational group;
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)—
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
operators, class B
Secretaries
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
A and B
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, payroll
class B
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
Messengers (office boys or
women):
girls)
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Skilled maintenance ( men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

The use of constant employment weights elim in ates the effect
of changes in the p ro po rtio n of w o r k e r s re p r e s e n te d in each job i n ­
cluded in the data.. The p erc e n ta g e s of change re fle ct only changes
in a v e r a g e p ay fo r s t r a ig h t-t im e hours.
T hey a r e not influenced by
changes in standar d w o r k schedules, as such, o r by p r e m i u m pay
fo r o v ertim e. W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e adjusted to re m o v e fr o m
the indexes and p erc e n ta g e s of change any significant effect ca used
by changes in the scope o f the survey.

The a v e r a g e (mean) e arnin gs fo r each occupation w e r e m u l t i ­
pli ed by the occupational weight, and the pro ducts f o r a l l occupations
in the gr ou p w e r e totaled.
The a g g r e g a t e s fo r 2 consecutive y e a r s
w e r e re la ted by dividing the a g g re g a te fo r the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e ­
gate fo r the e a r l i e r year.
The resultant re la t iv e , l e s s 100 perce nt,




5




T ab le 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in

A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —Easton, Pa; - N .J ., M ay 1971 and M ay 1 9 7 2 , and p ercents of c h a n g e 1fo r selected periods 1
2
Manufacturing

A ll industries
Period

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
mai nte nance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Office
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

145. 2
161. 3

130. 7
135. 9

130. 0
142. 9

Indexes (February 1967 z 100)
May 1971
May 1972

---------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------

125. 0
139.4

145. 2
160. 9

131. 0
135. 8

134. 2
142. 8

123. 6
139. 3

Percents of change1
March I960 to February 1961:
11-month increase
~ _______________
Annual rate of increase ____________

4. 1
4. 5

4. 2
4. 6

3. 2
3. 5

1. 7
1.9

4. 7
5. 1

4. 2
4. 6

3. 1
3.4

1. 2
1. 3

5. 3
2. 7
1. 1
2.6
3. 7
2. 7

.5
1. 5
2. 5
3. 4
2 9
—
2. 8

3. 8
1. 5
2. 7
3. 1
2. 9
3.9

2.4
2. 6
3. 4
2.9
2. 9
2. 1

5. 7
2. 6
.7
2. 0
5. 2
2. 2

.5
2. 0
2. 0
3. 9
2 l. 4
2. 8

3. 3
1. 6
2. 6
3. 0
2. 8
4. 0

2. 3
1. 1
2. 7
2. 9
3. 1
2. 7

5. 2
3. 8

12. 4
9. 2

7. 5
5. 6

5. 8
4. 3

4. 5
3. 4

12. 4
9. 2

7. 3
5. 4

4. 8
3. 6

June 1968 to May 1969:
11-month increase----------------------------Annual rate of increase —------------------—

5. 8
6. 3

7. 4
8. 1

4. 4
4. 8

5. 5
6. 0

6. 2
6. 8

7.4
8. 1

4. 3
4. 7

5. 7
6. 2

May 1969 to May 1970
_ -----May 1970 to May 1971_________________________
May 1971 to May 1972 ................................ „

5. 3
6. 8
11. 5

9. 9
9. 4
10. 8

8.9
7. 3
11. 2

9. 5
9. 7
6. 4

4. 0
7. 2
12. 7

9. 9
9.4
11. 1

8. 9
7. 2
11. 5

7. 2
9.4
9. 9

February 1961 to February 1962
_____ _
February 1962 to February 1963 ______ _ _
February 1963 to February 1964______________
February 1964 to February 1965 ___ ______
February 1965 to February 1966____________ _
February 1966 to February 1967_____________
February 1967 to June 1968:
—
16-month increase-------------------------— Annual rate of in crease----------------------

1 A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.
2 This decrease la rgely reflects changes in employment among establishments with different pay levels rather than salary decreases.

7

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o cc u p a tio n s —men and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , A lle n to w n -B e th le h e m -E a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

*
weekly
(standard

*
60

Mean 2

Median ^

Middle ranged

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
i ------ $
*
t
*
$
$
*
*
t
*
t

t

t

(

t

(

t

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

over

and
under
70

MEN

16 L

4 0.0

$
2 0 7 .0 0

$
2 1 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

94

4 0.0

1 4 9 .0 0

9 1

4 0.0

CLEKKS,

54

----------------------

32

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOUKKEERING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------BU UK KE EP IN G—MACH 1NE OPERATORS,
CLASS b ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------------NUNMAN UF AC TU RI Nu ----------------------------------

bt
27

CLASS A

P A Y R O L L ------------------------------------------(OFFICE BUYS)

$

1 9 6 .5 0 -2 3 5 .5 0

-

-

*

2

1

5

9

5

4

1

1

3

4

13

19

39

13

6

11

9

16

I2 8 .0 0 -lo o .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -16 7.0 0

_

_

1

3

2

1

11

6

5

8

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

2

1

l

6

11

13
13

16

-

22
22

6

1 51 .0 0

1 51 .0 0
1 52 .5 0

16

6

5

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9.0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -2 1 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

11

13

2

-

-

-

18

5

1

-

-

3 8.0

96.00

7 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

2

6

15

-

2

1

-

3

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45

39.0

84 • 5 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0

-

6

3 9.0

9 6.00
97.00

89.00

43

8 9.50

8 5 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

-

6

20
18

1
l

3
3

13
13

1
l

i
1

39

3 9.0

1 12.00

1 22 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

-

-

12

1

3

-

11

12

89

38.0
3 8.5
3 7.5

1 05 .6 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9U .00

1 U 2 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
91.00

8 ).5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 - 94.50

-

3

31
31

_

_

_

-

-

-

12

9
6
3

5
5

3

20
11
9

19

-

38.5
39.5
36.5

1 2 5 .5 0
1 34 .0 0
1 06 .5 0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
9 9.00

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 1 6 . 5 0 - 1 4 3 . U0

7
-

11
-

29
28
1

22
21
l

12
11
1

-

4
3

-

_

-

4
3
i

_

-

7
7
*

_

6
i

1
1

-

29
27
2

7

11

26
1l
15

_

7

14
3
L1

_

-

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

2
-

9
-

40
35
5

35
25
10

16
12
4

« 7
6
1

13
13

10
10

5
5

3
3

7
7

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

9

49
36
13

22
22

2
2
-

14

64

14
13
l

11
11

10
10
-

32
21
11

25
24
1

-

34
30

16
13
3

4

9
5

4

-

3
3

3
3

15
15

-

-

3

19

12

44
44

17
17

11
11

12
12

5
5

15
15

26
26

38
38

11
11

3
3

1
1

i
i

10
10

5
5

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

21
21

21
19

17
17

4

2

2
2

-

-

2
2

3
3

_

-

_

_

_

l

14
14

-

3

-

8
6

15
12

7
7

6
6

35
35

24
24

16
16

4
4

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

39
19
20

36
26
10

24
19
5

52
41

1
1

1

8

1

-

11

“

o
o

MESSENGERS

$

C
O

---------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,

1
-

RUMEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------NU NM AN UF AC TU KI NG ----------------------------------

176
122
54

_

7

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U K I N G ---------------------------------

27U
194

39. 0

113 .0 0

10 4.00

91.5J-1 3 0.50

40.0

121 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0

ib

3 7.5

92.00

8 9.00

9 6 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------

193

39.0

1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

142
53

3 9.0
3 8.5

1 12.50
94.00

1 1 6 .0 0
8 4.00

8 6 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 97.50

CLERKS, FILE, C L A b S C ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

55

3 9.0
38. 5

1 05 .0 0

9 4.30

8 7 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

l

86.50

9 0.00

3 3.00 -

1

CLERKS, OR UE R -----------------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

206
20B

39.5

1 3 8 .0 0

1 42 .5 0

I0 0 .0 u -1 6 4 .0 0

_

6

3

39.5

1 38 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

-

6

3

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L ------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

d6

3 9.0

l 1 b . 50

1 12 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

-

-

32

3 9.0

1 18 .5 0

11 2.50

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

-

-

-

KE YPUNCH UPERATUKS, CLASS A --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

141

39.5
40.0

1 3 6 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 5 3 .0 0

_

-

2

1 36 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 3 .5 0

-

-

-

20
14

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------N U NM AN UF AC TU KI NG ----------------------------------

292
194

1 1 2 .0 0

30

44

1 1 8 .3 0

5
2

25

98

38.5

1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
9 4 . 5 U - 1 3 6 . 00
8 8 . 0 0 - 1 2 J . 50

-

40.0

l 16.60
1 21 .5 0

3

23

28
16

N O N M A N U F a C T U k I N G ------------------------ ---------

See footnotes at end of tables.




31

124

3 9 .D

93.50

2

-

52
20
32

14

7

_
-

2
2

-

8

-

32
32

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
T a b le A-1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — men and w o m e n ----C o n tin u e a

(A v erage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a basis by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem —
Easton, Pa.— .J ., M ay 1972)
N
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number of worker s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
(

Average
weekly

60
Median ^

(standard

Middle ranged

*

$
70

*
80

S
90

$
100

$
110

*

%

120

130

»
140

»
150

i
160

s

$
170

180

S
190

$
200

t

210

220

S
S
230
240

$

i

250

and
under

260

and
over

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

-

-

6
2

-

“

3
3

23
4

5
5

16
16

7
7

6
6

4
4

1
1

51
33
18

104
64
40

in
75
36

105
93
12

76
57
19

67
64
3

138
129
9

72
68
4

41
37
4

54
52
2

40
35
5

31
25
6

26
23
3

5
5
“

7
6
i

6
6

2
2

i
i

_

“

■

-

3
-

_

30
29

8
1

5
4

36
34

22
22

9
9

17
17

9
7

14
12

11
11

1
1

3
2

3
3

2
2

_

-

14
6
8

42
39
3

17
15
2

16
15
1

5
3
2

3
3

6
5
1

9
9
-

11
7
4

10
7
3

3
3
-

3
3
-

l
1
~

4
4

—

i
i

-

5
5
-

-

-

2
2
-

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

WO ME N - CONTINUED
MESSENGERS COFF ICE G I R L S ) ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

71
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
$
$
1 2 6 .5 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0 1 3 6 .0 0 1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

974
783
191

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

7

-

-

“

7

30
8
22

SECRETARI ES , CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

173
154

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0

166 .0 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 5 1 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0

_

-

-

SECRETARIESt CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

173
123
50

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 8 .5 0 -1 8 5 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 9 0 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

1

-

-

-

SECRET ARIESt CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

387
300
87

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES,

241
206
35

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 0 .5j)

-

4

M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

335
237
98

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

121 .5 0
1 2 0 .Od
1 2 8 .5 0

9 6 .5 0 - 1 4 7 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0

-

L

-

7

STENOGRAPHERS, SE NIOR --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

416
326
90

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0
138.50
1 1 5.50

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 5 4 .0 0

-

S W IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

48
32

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

-

S W IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CL AS S B ---N U N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

38
52

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 2.00

8 3 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R EC EP T1 QN IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

148
114
34

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0

TYPISTS, CL AS S A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

165
154

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

L4 1 .3 0
1 4 0 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

174
94
80

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

1 1 5 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

CLASS

D ---------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




_

-

1

7
2
5

9

15
7
8

22
7
15

13
7
6

35
23
12

62
35
27

42
40
2

20
M
9

35
35
~

59
53
6

25
23
2

16
15
1

21
20
1

22
19
3

7
1
6

31
24
7

57
4L
16

34
33
1

19
18
1

6
6

10
10

27
27

20
20

13
13

10
10

2
2

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

44
27
17

51
45
6

39
30
9

22
16
6

2b
20
6

39
35
4

3b
17
19

36
12
24

13
13

18
18

2
2

i
i

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

11
2
9

34
22
12

48
30
18

32
21
11

49
41
8

60
53
2

87
87
-

27
22
5

31
11
20

11
11

15
15

4
4

i
i

1
1

-

2
-

2
1

5
3

9
9

2
2

10
6

4
3

10
5

1
1

2
i

1
1

8
8

5
5

8
8

4
4

10
10

16
13

1
1

3

-

3
3

_
-

6
6

45
28
17

29
29

25
15
10

9
9

5
5

2

2
2

4
4

~

21
14
7

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

-

-

7

15
15

17
15

23
23

9
8

8

1

8

26

23
21

29
24

5
5

1
-

1 2 5 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
8 4 . OJ
7 6 .O 0 -1 19 .0 0

10

20

32

6

5

2

38

2

2

i

2

18

4

4

31
7

-

20

1
l

18

5
15

18
3

_

-

23
20
3

_

3

-

-

3

4
_

8

5
5

10

-

6

9

~

-

2

10

-

_

2
2

_
-

_

_

-

i
i
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b le

A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l

and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — m e n

and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , A lle n to w n — eth leh em — a ston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1972)
B
E
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
*
Number

Occupation and industry division
workers

t

80

weekly
(standard)

Mumber of w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g stra ig h t -tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
$

Mean ^

Median 2

Middle ranged

*

90

100

i

110

$

120

*

s

t

130

140

*
150

160

s

s
170

$
180

S

190

*

s

200 210 220

i

»

230

»

240

i

t

250

260

and
under
90

270
and

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200 210 220

230

240

250

260

270

over

MEN
C O MP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

49
39

$
$
$
$
3 9 .5 2 0 5 .0 0 2 1 5 .0 0 1 3 3 .0 0 -2 2 9 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 9 6 .0 0 2 0 2 .5 0 1 8 1 .0 0 -2 2 3 .5 0

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS. CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

70
32
38

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 5 4 .5 0 1 5 0 .5 0
1 5 5 .0 0 1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 4 .0 0 1 4 6.00

3 9 .0

C O M P U T E R PROGRAMERS.
BUSINESS. CLASS B ------------------

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

*

1 3 4 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

_
-

-

-

1

8
2

1

6

1
1

3
3

4
i
3

17
9
8

2
1

4
4
5

1

4

8
8
~

10
4

8
8

-

3
2

6

1

3
3

6
6

8
8

i

2
1

8

2

1

“

4
2
2

4
2
2

6

-

_
-

-

-

-

3

i
5

i

_

-

-

“

2 0 5 .5 0 2 0 6 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

i

2

13

7

7

10

4

6

2

10

6

1

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

264
244

4 0 .0 2 1 7 .5 0 2 1 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 2 1 6 .0 0 2 0 8 .0 0

1 9 8 .5 0 -2 4 6 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0 -2 4 4 .0 0

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

22
22

14
14

18
18

61
61

1
2

24
18

17
17

32

-

10
1
0

15

-

5
5

14
14

22
22

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

315
296

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 3 .5 0
1 8 2 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -2 0 6 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 0

-

_

-

_

1
1
1
1

75
72

20

15
15

25
25

32
32

18
18

30
30

15
5

4
4

2
2

-

1

-

7
7

26

-

i
i

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

187
160

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 1 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 3.00

1 3 4 .5 0 -1 7 7 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0

1
1

_

4
4

25
22

47

28
22

8
8

12

22

20

-

-

17

i
i

_

15

3
3

-

9

8
8

3

-

4
4

DR AF TSMEN-TRACERS --------------------

42

4 0 .0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

3

3

”

6

~

9

19

2

43
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

4
4

4
4

2

6
6

1
1
1
1

7
7

4

1

4

i

71

-

44

53
53

1

1
1

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
1

3
3

1

21

-

10
10
l

-

10
T a b le

A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — m e n

and w o m e n

c o m b in e d

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea basis by industry division, A llen tow n -B eth leh em -E aston , Pa.— .J ., M ay 1972)
N
Avc rage
Occupation and industry divi sio n

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS

Occupation and industry divis io n

of
workers

Weekly
houn 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

45
43

39.0
3 9 .0

$
9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------------------

39

39.0

112. 00

BOOKKEEPING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

89
62
27

38.0
38. 5
37.5

105 .5 0
112 .0 0
90.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

337
269
68

39.0
40.0
37.0

164. 50
1 7 4. 5 0
124.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

364
285
79

39.5
40.0
37.5

122.00
130. 50
9 2 .0 0

203
146
57

39.0
39.0
39.0

108 .5 0
113. 00
9 7 .0 0

Occupation and industry div is io n

Num
ber
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S - CO NT IN UE D

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

B IL L t R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

Ave rage
Number

Weekly
earnings *
[standard) (standard)
Weekly

-----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

98 8
797
191

39.0
39.5
37.5

$
144. 00
149 .5 0
1 2 0. 0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

176
157

39.5
39.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

173
123
50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

171
160

$
3 9 . 5 13 4 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 3 3 .5 0

1 6 7. 0 0
1 69 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS 8 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

177
97
80

3 9 .0 1 1 4 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 3 1 .5 0
37.5
94.00

38.5
39.0
37.0

1 5 2. 0 0
1 5 9. 0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

PR OF ES SI ON AL AN D TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS

388
301
87

39.5
39.5
38.0

1 3 9. 0 0
1 46 .0 0
1 1 4. 5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----- -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

51
41

3 9 .5 204.00
3 9.5 195.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

251
216
35

3 9 .5
40.0
37.0

129 .5 0
1 3 5. 0 0
95.50

COMPUTER OPERATURS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

81
41
40

3 9 . 0 1 5 2. 00
4 0 . 0 150.50
3 8 .5 1 5 4 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS C ------------

31

39.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

341
243
98

39.5
39.5
38.5

123. 00
123. 50
121. 00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------------------

28

3 9 .0 2 2 0 . 5 0

420
329
91

39.5
40.0
3 8 .5

1 3 2. 5 0
136. 00
1 20 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

80
26

3 9 .0 2 0 0 . 5 0
38.5 192.00

secretaries

12 7 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

55
31

39.0
38.5

105.00
86.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

140
L34

3 9 .0
39.0

1 4 4. 5 0
145 .5 0

bWlTCHBUAkD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

48
32

39.5
40.0

1 3 1. 0 0
131 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

264
244

4 0 .0 217.50
4 0 .0 216.00

KEYPUNCH UPEKATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

152
135

39.5
39.5

136. 00
138 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

58
52

38.5
38.5

9 9 .5 0
96.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

322
302

40.0
40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUKING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

300
194
106
30

39 . 5
40.0
3 8 .5
39.5

l 18.50
121. 50
112.50
153 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR—RECEPTIUNISTS”
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

148
114
34

39.5
39.5
39.5

104 .0 0
1 0 6. 0 0
98.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

189
162

4 0 . 0 1 5 3. 50
4 0 .0 152.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -------------------------------

54

39.5

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS ANU G I R L S ) MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

L03
71
32

39.5
39.5
39.0

117. 00
1 2 0. 0 0
1 1 0. 5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

37
36

40.0
40.0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 3. 0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

43
42

4 0 . 0 1 7 4 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 7 5 .0 0

See footnote at end of tables.




183.00
1 8 1 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0

11

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o ccu p atio n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , A llen to w n —B eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1972)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of

*

s

s

s

s

t

s

t

s

$

$

i

S

i

Un d e r 3 *50 3-60 3, 70 3 *00 3 *90 4 *00 4-10 4,20 4 *30 4 *40 4,50 4. 6 0 4.80
$
and
3*50 under

Sex, occupation, and industry division

S

t

i

i

t

i

5. 00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20

3.60 3,70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 over

HEN
$

CARPENTERS, M A I N T E N A N C E ------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------ELECTRICIANS, MA INTENANCE ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------MACHIN E- TO OL OPERATORS,
manufacturing

TOOLROOM —

-----------------------

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

$

4 .4 6

$
4 .6 4

$

130

3 .9 5 -

4 .7 6

1

8

5

5

28

i

2

56

3

7

14

124

4 .4 5

4 .6 4

3 .9 4 -

4 .7 7

1

8

5

5

28

i

2

51

3

7

13

-

-

-

“

323

4 .6 2

4 .4 9

4 .0 2 -

5 .3 2

1

1

44

-

20

64

i

4

3

24

_

26

49

4

12

42

27

-

-

i

317

4 .6 0

4 .4 9

4 .0 2 -

5 .3 1

1

1

44

-

20

64

i

4

3

24

-

26

49

12

42

25

-

*

i

1

4

13

-

-

3

13

-

-

4 .9 1

5 . 13

4 .6 2 -

5 .4 1

_

89

4 .9 3

5 . 13

4 .6 3 -

5 .4 1

-

154

3 .8 9

3 .9 1

3 .7 0 -

4 .2 0

20

i

16

37

3

4

-

37

B

148

3 .9 8

3 .9 9

3 .7 2 -

4 .2 0

14

1

16

37

3

4

-

37

4 .7 1

4 .4 9

4 .0 3 -

5 .1 7

_

30

4 .7 1

4 .4 9

4 .0 3 -

5 .1 7

~

30

163

4 .7 8

4 . 77

4 .7 1 -

5 .3 2

_

-

151

4 .7 3

4 . 76

4 .7 1 -

4 .9 5

-

4
4

288

4 .4 4

4 .6 8

3 .9 1 -

4 .8 0

12

119

4 . 70

4 .7 1

4 .6 0 -

4 .7 9

5

-

9

8

27

2

23

1

-

-

-

8

8

27

2

23

1

-

“

-

16

_

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

8

“

-

-

-

~

-

_

6

3

_

_

4

1

1

6

22

_

_

3

38

-

-

2

1

5

u

-

4

1

1

6

22

-

-

3

38

-

-

2

1

5

u

_

7

13

1

-

-

_

_

78

12

_

18

11

14

-

-

7

13

1

~

“

-

78

12

~

8

11

12

—

~

3

39

3

-

169

4 .2 7

4 .6 4

3 .6 5 -

4 .3 1

7

17

39

3
-

152

4 .3 3

4 .6 7

3 .6 6 -

4 .8 2

“

15

39

-

-

-

11

9

_

_

4

_

9

116

40

4

4

-

-

4

-

9

66

5

7

5

-

-

-

-

5

678

4 .8 0

5 .0 8

3 .9 9 -

5 .3 0

4

-

12

35

24

103

39

2

4

17

4 .8 0

5 .0 9

3 .9 9 -

5 .3 0

4

-

12

35

24

103

39

2

4

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

81

5 .0 1

5 . 11

4 .7 4 -

5 .4 4

-

-

_

_

-

1

6

_

-

-

81

5 .0 1

5 . 11

4 .7 4 -

5 .4 4

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

84
84

4 .2 4

4 .1 3

3 .9 4 -

4 .1 9

3

_

5

9

_

12

-

39

4 .2 4

4 . 13

3 .9 4 -

4 .1 9

3

-

5

9

-

12

“

39

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

129

4 .6 1

4 .6 6

3 .9 7 -

5 .1 7

_

4

3

3

1

32

4

-

129

4 .6 1

4 .6 6

3 .9 7 -

5 .1 7

-

4

3

3

1

32

4

-

-

_

_

6

-

-

-

6

-

-

_

17

See footn otes at end o f ta b les




158

5 .1 8

5 .6 1

4 .4 7 -

5 .6 7

_

158

5 .1 8

5 .6 1

4 .4 7 -

5 .6 7

-

8

5

9

6

_

_

_

-

4

9

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

11
11

-

50

35

8

-

673

'

-

_

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

-

-

6

17
-

-

-

16

8

124

_
-

-

92

124

-

-

50

35

8

1
-

-

-

-

36

53

52

141

97

49

8

32

52

52

141

97

49

8

2

31

_

18

_

10

13

-

-

-

2

_

2
2

31

-

18

-

10

13

-

~

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

20
20

_

-

-

4

-

-

-

5
5

7

-

7

-

4

-

-

28
28

3
3

23

13

5

3

-

23

13

5

7
7

~

6

4

-

-

18

1

66

18

6

4

-

18

1

66

18

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

—

—

12

T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m aterial m o v em e n t o ccu p atio n s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n , A lle n to w ir-B e th le h e m — a ston , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1972)
E
Hourly earnings^

N u m ber

M ean 2

M e di a n 2

Mi ddl e range 2

stra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly

earnings

o f—

$

*

*

s

$

$

$

S

i

i

$

S

$

$

*

S

*

2 .0 0

2 .4 0

2. 60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 . 80

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2. 40

2 .6 0

2. 80

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 . 00

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

over

17

15

25

8

7

23

23

20

7

1

6

6

123

4

~

3

9

4

~

18

20

20

7

1

6

6

123

4

$

t

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .7 0

workers

receivin g

»

$

1 .6 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of w o rk e r s

i
2. 2 0

(

N umber

1 .8 0

8

and
under

MEN
GUARDS AND WA TCHMEN ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------WATCHMEN
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

294

S
3 .2 0

$
3 .2 4

$
2 .4 2 -

$
4 .0 5

222

3 .5 8

4 .0 1

3 .0 3 -

4 .0 6

3

9

3

37

152

82

3

12

60

-

25

92

15

44

43

-

6

16

8

9

28

55

2 .6 9

2 .7 7

2 .2 7 -

3 .1 3

-

-

JANITURS, PURTERS. AND CLEA NE RS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NUNM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1 ,1 5 6

3 .0 6

3 .3 0

2 .5 4 -

3 .3 7

-

3

906

3 .2 4

3 .3 2

3 .0 2 -

3 .3 8

-

250

2 .4 3

2 .2 3

2 .0 5 -

2 .7 8

-

52

3 .3 8

3 .4 2

3 .2 8 -

3 .5 0

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A N U L I N G -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

619

3 .7 8

3 .6 4

3 .0 5 -

4 .7 3

3

8

572

3 .7 1

3 .6 3

3 .0 9 -

4 .4 8

—

247

3 .9 3

5 .3 0

2 .2 6 -

5 .3 5

3

ORUER
FILLERS ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

249

3 .0 3

3 .3 3

2 .5 6 -

3 .4 5

-

-

-

78

3 .0 3

3 .3 2

2 .5 5 -

3 .4 4

-

-

-

----------------------------------

171

3 .0 3

3 .4 0

2 .5 7 -

3 .4 5

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

218

3 .1 6

3 . 16

2 .7 3 -

3 .6 4

216

3 .1 7

3 .1 7

2 .7 3 -

3 .6 4

NONMANUFACTURINg

RECE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

12

3
494

22

_

33

37

24

37

37

5

33

68

83

480

-

-

29

37

22

37

45

15

14

9

8

14

22

-

4

“

4

5

14

22

-

4

-

2

8

8

40

173

17

31

49

10

_

_

16

i

7

30

173

16

8

44

10

-

27

7

1

10

-

1

23

5

-

-

43

25

24

10

10

7

8
2

24

11

19

4

55

16

17

9

_

44

9

19

4

55

16

17

9

“

44

1

12

-

_

2

3

7

-

-

3

5

2

-

2

98

3 .4 0

3 .4 3

3 .0 6 -

3 .5 4

80

3 .4 5

3 .4 4

3 .0 7 -

3 .6 8

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
UTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

See footnotes at end of tables,




3

-

51

7

9

i

i

11

-

3

-

36

6

-

i

-

1

~

“

15

1

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

—

-

125

-

-

—

i

1

-

_
-

27
27

_

_

_

_

-

—

—

—

_

_

4

1

~

4

1

_

1

1

1

-

6

4

44

1

4

i

_

2

19

8

6

1

1

-

6

3

44

1

4

i

-

2

19

8

6

-

-

12

~

“

12

21

7

38

3

10

-

_

_

t>

_

_

13

_

5

30

3

10

-

-

-

6

-

-

1
1

_
-

—

_
-

3 .8 1 -

5 .5 0

-

-

-

10

12

16

48

26

11

28

26

138

59

69

50

67

48

4 .0 0

4 .0 1

3 .5 6 -

4 .5 6

-

-

—

-

12

15

6

25

7

24

25

39

59

63

17

49

45

3

6

-

42

829

4 .9 9

5 .4 6

4 .5 4 -

5 .6 2

-

-

-

10

-

1

42

l

4

4

1

99

-

6

33

18

3

-

-

-

347

260

632

5 .4 6

5 .4 8

5 .4 4 -

5 .6 4

“

~

“

“

1

1

“

18

3

”

~

347

260

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

_

_

_

4 .6 5

5 .4 0

60

3 .2 1

2 .7 9

2 .7 1 -

3 .7 9

32

3 .2 6

3 .6 0

2 .4 6 -

_

3 .7 8

78

4 .1 7

4 .2 9

3 .4 9 -

4 .5 8

52

4 .2 4

4 .5 3

3 .3 9 -

_

“

_

~

18

1

14

_

14

“

~

4 .6 0

1

2

767

5 .1 4

5 .4 7

5 .4 0 -

5 .6 3

135

4 .4 9

4 .2 7

3 .8 8 -

5 .5 2

632

5 .2 7

5 .4 8

5 .4 2 -

5 .4 9

5 .4 9

5 .4 4 -

5 .6 5

2 30

3 .9 5

3 . 73

2 .8 3 -

5 .4 2

109

3 .5 1

3 .2 9

2 .8 4 -

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

_

585

3 .6 2

3 .4 7

3 .3 0 -

3 .9 2

525

3 .6 4

3 .4 5

3 .2 5 -

4 .3 3

~

2

11

2

1

~

11

1

2

_

3

12

2

3

11

_

_

6

_

2

4

8

5

~

5

16

22

6

3

6

22

3

3

6

18

20

2

389

—

~

_

_

~

“

~

~

“

_

__
“

_

_

_

_

*

“

-

_

4

2

73

13

23

26

-

-

3

17

13

19

17

-

20

-

—

-

42

2

-

56

-

4

9

18

-

-

-

-

279

260

~

~

“

18

279

260

_

_

3

_

_

10

12

1

28

21

4

11

5

_

—

~

“

~

260

4

4 .1 3

4
4

5 .6 4

557

_

_

_

3

_

-

437

1*266

"

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TUNS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

-

1

_

4 .6 7

SHIPPING ANU RECEIVING CLERKS ----M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

125

4

-

_

-

_

4

24

-

_

-

_

86

15

-

4 .6 7

-

32

11

3 .8 9

3 .4 9 -

-

—

118

1

3 .9 8

3 .4 9 -

-

-

9

4 .6 2

3 . 58

_
-

-

7

3 .4 3 -

3 .5 8

_
-

118

17

3 .4 1 -

3 .9 9

_
—

127

11

3 .5 1 -

4 .0 0

_
—

-

14

3 .5 6

3 .5 6

_
-

118

9

3 .5 7

18

_
-

127

15

_

~

2

34

1

-

3 .6 8

3 .6 2

1

-

1

_

1

l

91

3 .4 5

103

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM 11-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 T O N S ) ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

6
77

32

102

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T O N S ) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

18
47

92

124

SH IPPING CL ER KS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

TRUCKORIVERS — ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

20

-

_

1
~

-

-

12

1

6

21

4

11

5

-

_

-

10

6

13

19

81

103

160

10

4

12

19

77

101

111

29

a

_

19

321

19

32

23

3

13

94

32

23

1

13

94

-

_

_

.

22

-

-

-

-

22
22

5

_

1

_

5

~

1

~

22

68

260

—

-

_

_

_

_

-

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto dial and m a te ria l m o v em e n t o c c u p a tio n s -----C ontin u ed

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1972)




14

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s

T a b le B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

o ffic e w o r k e r s

(D is tr ib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ied in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , A lle n t o w n - B e t h le h e m - E a s t o n , P a . —N .J ., M a y 1972)

In experienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly stra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 4

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w ork ers 5

Based on standard w eek ly h ou rs6 o f—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

40

A ll
schedules

A ll
industries

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eekly h ou rs6 o f—
A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

Establishm ents stu died __________________________________

123

64

XXX

59

XXX

123

64

XXX

59

XXX

Establishm ents having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______________
$ 60.00
$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$ 70.00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 80.00
$ 82.50
$ 85.00
$ 87.50
$ 90.00
$ 92.50
$ 95.00
$ 97.50
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

100.00
105.00
110.00
115.00
120.00
125.00
130.00

32

20

17

12

6

44

20

17

24

14

$ 62.50__________________________________
$ 65.00__________________________________
$ 67.50__________________________________
$ 70.00___________ _____________________
$ 72.50- _______________________________
$ 75.00__________________________________
$ 77.50__________________________________
$ 80.00__________________________________
$ 82.50__________________________________
$ 85.00______________________ __________
$ 87.50____________ — — ___________
$ 90.00__________________ ______________
$ 92.50__________________________________
$ 95.00__________________________________
$ 97.50___________ _____________________
$ 100.00_________________________________

1
2
3
1
3
.
1
3
4
2
1
_

_
2
2
_
1
2
4
1
1
-

_
2
_
1
1
2
4
1
_

1
1
1
3
1
1
_

_
1
1
1
-

_
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
_

_
2
_
1
1
1
1
2
i
i
_
i
_

1
1
4
1
4
1
3
1
2
1
1

_
3
2
1
2
i
i
i
-

-

-

-

-

1
3
6
1
5
2
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
-

-

-

under $ 105.00________________________________
under $ 110.00---------------------------------------under $ 115.00_______________________________
under $ 120.00---------------------------------------under $ 125.00---------------------------------------under $ 130.00---------------------------------------o v e r _____________________________ ______________

2
1
1
3
2
1
1

_

2

_

_

2
1
3
1
-

2

1
-

-

-

3
1
-

1
1

i
i

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

_
1
1
2
2
1
-

1

-

1
-

-

-

-

2
2
1
-

1
1

1
1

1
2
1
4
1
1

-

-

-

1
*

i
-

Establishm ents having no s p e c ifie d m inim um ______________

16

9

XXX

7

XXX

39

19

XXX

20

XXX

E stablishm ents which did not em p loy w o rk e rs
in this c a t e g o r y ______________________________________________

75

35

XXX

40

XXX

40

25

XXX

15

XXX

See footnotes at end of ta b le s .







15
T a b le B - 2 .

S h if t d iffe re n tia ls

(L .a t e - s h ift p a y p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n tw o r k e r s b y ty p e and am ou n t o f p a y d if f e r e n t ia l,
A lle n t o w n — e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a —N .J ., M a y 1972)
B
( A lljp la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu rin g = 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n tw o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g p r o v is io n s 7
fo r la te s h ifts

L a t e - s h i f t p ay p r o v is io n

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on la te s h ifts

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

S e co n d s h ift

76.9

68.8

15.1

5.8

2.2

0.8

0 .5

_________

71.1

66.6

14.2

5 .4

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r )______ ____ ________

54.4

51.0

10.3

4 .7

4.0
.5
2.7
1.1
29.8
2.8
.8
10.5
1.0
1.0
-

2.4
4.9
2.8
23.6
.5
2.8
2.3
8.0
1.3
1.5
1.0

.2
.1
.5
.1
6.8
.4
.1
1.7

15.6

T o ta l_____________________________________________
N o p a y d i f f e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on la te s h ift _______
P a y d i f f e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on la te s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

5.9

T y p e and am ou nt o f d if f e r e n t ia l:

5 c e n t s __ - ___________________________________
6 c e n t s ______________________________________
7 c e n t s __________________ ____ _________ ~
9 c e n t s ____ _________ _
______ _______
10 c e n ts ___________________________________
12 c e nt s__ ________________________ __________
13 c e n t s ..__ ________________________ ____ ___
IS cen ts
16 c e n ts . __________ _____
__ ___ _
I 6 V2 c e n ts ---- ------- -----— —
17 c e n t8_______ ____ _____ . . . __ __ —
18 c e n ts __________________________________
.
20 c e n ts _____________________________________
22 c e n ts .____________________________________
23 c e n ts __ ___________________________________
23V10 c e n ts ________—— ----- ----------- --------

-

.1
-

____________

16.7

5 p e r c e n t —. _________________________________
83 4 p e r c e n t ___________________ ___________
/

.6
1.7
9.2
5.3

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e —__________

10 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
1172 p e r c e n t______________ _________
15 p e r c e n t___________________________________

See footnotes at end o f t a b le s .

1.7
7.3
5.3
1.3

.1

.1
.5

3 .2

-

( 8)
.1

( 8)
-

.1

-

.2

3.9

.7

.1
.3

.
.6
.2

( 8)
.2
-

2.6
.9

.2
.1

16

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d ay s

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , A lle n to w n — e th le h e m — a s t o n , P a . —N . J. , M a y 1972)
B
E
O f f ic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h ou rs and d ays
A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------

3 2 V2 h o u rs — 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------35 h o u rs — 5 d a y s ---------------------------------------------O v e r 35 and u n d er 37 l/z h o u rs — 5 d a y s -----------3 7 V2 h o u rs — 5 d a y s ---- ----------------------------------38 h o u rs — 5 d a y s ---------------------------------------------383 h o u rs — 5 d a y s -----------------------------------------/4
40 h o u rs — 5 d a y s ---------------------------------------------42 h o u rs — 6 d a y s ---------------------------------------------44 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------5 lh d a y s -------------------------------------------------------48 h o u rs — 6 d a y s ---------------------------------------------49 l/z h o u rs — 5 V2 d a y s _______________________________
50 h o u rs — 5 d a y s ____________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le s .




100

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

100

100

_

7
1
13
3
5
72

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

1
12
-

13

6

6
-

-

1
76
1
1
1
(’ )
(’ )
2
1

-

-

78
1
1
1
2

_
_
_
_

88
-

_
_
_
_

12

_

1

2

11

21

5
83

77

_

(’ )
(’ )
(’ )

_

17

T a b le B -4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n tw o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly, A lle n to w n — e th le h e m — a s to n , P a . - N . J . , M a y 1972)
B
E
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

100

100

99

100

100

3

-

-

1

15

A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ___ _____ ___________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s
-----------— — ----------

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

(9 )

N u m b e r o f days
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s — __ _
_ — —
--------6 h o lid a y s - - —
—
— ---------6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
--------7 h o lid a y s ____
___
_______ ______________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------8 h o lid a y s ------------ ---- ------ — ___________________
8 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------9 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------9 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------10 h o lid a y s —— —— — — — — — — — — —— — ——
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d ay _________________________
11 h o lid a y s —.
__
_____ — .
12 h o lid a y s -------- - — ---- ---- ~ ---------------

1
9

2

14
2
7
2
1
34

14
3
5
2
2
40

(9 )
4
16
1
3
4

(9 )
5
16
1
3
5

C )

21
2
63
-

1

6
5
5
2
3
3
4
11
(’ )
3
45
1
8
4

1
1

.
1

6
2
1
(9 )
7
13
f >
4

55
1
3
5

2

14
12
70
-

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 1
0
12 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------11 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------10Vi d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e ____________ - - - — ------------9Vz d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------9 d ays o r m o r e — — —
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------8 d ays o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e ___ __________________________ _ _ _
_ _ _
4 d a ys o r m o r e - --------- ----- ----------------- —
2 d a y s o r m o r e __ — ____ — _ - _
— ------ -

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




4
7
7

28
28
63
65
71
73
87
96
96
97

5
9
10
31
31
73
75
80
83
,6
99
100
100

63
63
65
65
85
85
100
100
100
100

4
12

13
60
60
76
79
82
84
94
98
98
99

5
8
10
68
68
88
89
90
92
98
99
100
100

-

-

70
70
82
82
96
96
99
100
100
100

Table B-5.

Paid vacations

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n tw o r k e r s and o ff i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y p r o v is io n s , A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m — a s to n , P a . —N . J. , M a y 1972)
E
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
73
25
(9)

98
65
33
1

100
100
-

99
99
1
-

99
98
2
-

100
100
-

2

2

-

(9)

17
13
4
2

18
14
5
2

_

19
-

9
63
6

8
75
3

11
-

'

d

D

-

73
1
17
1
2
2
2

70

22

9
89
2
-

98
2
-

-

-

54
4
32
2
2
2
2

59
5
25
1

16
6
62
6
4
2
2

15
6
63
6

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s -----------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t im e p a y m e n t ----------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t-----------------------------------O t h e r ----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s -------------------------------------------

(9)

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 1
1
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

_

A ft e r 1 v e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

80
16
5
-

(9)
76
i
-

-

-

1
83
16
-

9
(9)
88
3
-

9
(9)
89
2
-

-

-

-

14
7
60
7
5
3
2

84
16
-

3
1
89
3
4
-

3
1
87
5
3
-

-

-

12
7
61
7
6

84
16
-

2
1
86
4
7
-

2
1
84
6
8
*

-

19
1
2
3
2

A ft e r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

2
3
2

1
99
-

A ft e r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________ _______________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------- ----------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s — __________________________________________

-

100
*

A fte r 4 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f ta b le s .




5
2
2

3
2

“

'

100
-

19

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a catio n pay p r o v is io n s , A llen to w n — eth leh em — a s to n , P a . -4^. J. , M ay 1972)
B
E
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 1 — C on tin u ed
1

A fte r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ----------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

6
1
74
3
11
2
2

6
1
72
1
11
3
2

5
21
6
56
7
4

4
20
8
53
8
5

5
17
8
57
7
5

4
15
11
54
8
6

5
11
2
49
3
27
1

4
9
3
50
4
29
_

51
12
21
16

-

-

-

5
11
2
28
3
37
1
11

4
9
3
31
4
33
14

i

i

_
72
28
_
_

(9)
78
5
15
_

(9)
80
1
18

51
49

-

-

-

-

(’ )
13
2
79
3
3

1
8
2
82
5
2

(’ )
10
3
77
3
6

1
4
5
80
5
6

n
4
1
63
4
27

1
2
1
61
(9)
35

39
49
11

n

(9)

-

1
2
_

_
_

_

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

_
_
84
16
-

100
_
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________ ____
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

_
_
_
84
16
-

100
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s _______________________________________________

.
_
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________ ________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f tab les.




_
-

(9>
4
_

1

10

-

(9)
78
_

9
(9 )
77
_

7

11

(9)

(’ )

79
16
5

1
_
97
2

20

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y vacatio n p ay p r o v is io n s , A llen to w n — eth le h e m —E a s to n , P a . - N . J. , M a y 1972)
B
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a v 1 — C o n tin u ed
1

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek—
2 w e e k s ___________ -________ ____ ______ _
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------__
3 w eeks
-_
.
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------------------4 w e e k s - ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ------------------------------*j w e e k s _________________ . _
^ __
.
6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

.

5
11
2
13
3
41
1
23

4
9
3
11
4
43
24

1
38
16
45

9
(9)
61

(9 )
62

(9 )
26

(9 )
28

69

-

-

-

(9)

( 9)

-

5
11
2
13
3
39
123 2

4
9
3
11
4
41
24
3

_

(9)
3

5
11
2
13
3
39
1
23
2

4
9
3
11
4
41

(9)
3
-

i
2
6

_
_
1
_
30
_

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s —-------------------------------------------------- ---- —
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s - -----------------------------5 w e e k s ______________—---------------------------------------6 w e e k s ----------- -------------------------------------------------

1
2

-

-

-

-

9
(9)
60

6
( 9)
62

-

(9)
25
1

(9)
27
2

1
30
69
-

_
-

(9)
3

1
2

-

1
-

38
16
45

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------4 w e e k s —-------------------- ------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------l

See footnotes at end o f ta b le s .




-

24
3

1
33
16
50

9
(9 )
60
(9)
26
1

_

6

1

(9 )
62
(9)
27
2

-

26
-

74

21

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , May 1972)
N.
Type of benefit and
financing1
2

A ll workers___
Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below ________
L ife insurance-------------------------------------Noncontributory plans__________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance------------------------------------------Noncontributory plans-----------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both1 ---------------------------3

Officeworkers

Plantworkers
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

10
0

10
0

10
0

A ll industries

10
0

Manufacturing

10
0

Public utilities

10
0

98

99

10
0

99

99

10
0

91
84

92
87

10
0

97
80

10
0

76

97
78

50
46

49
44

67
67

56
48

47
42

83
80

87

93

97

81

94

98

51

Sickness and accident insurance________
Noncontributory plans_______________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)_______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)------------ -----------------

82
77

90
84

43
33

77
71

90
87

1
1
1
0

16

15

19

6
8

69

38

1
0

9

19

3

2

2

Long-term disability insurance____________
Noncontributory plans__________________
Hospitalization insurance__________________
Noncontributory plans__________________
Surgical insurance_________________________
Noncontributory plans__________________
Medical insurance__________________________
Noncontributory plans-----------------------Major medical insurance__________________
Noncontributory plans__________________
Dental insurance___________________________
Noncontributory plans__________________
Retirement pension_________________________
Noncontributory plans__________________

17
15
95

19
17
96

5
5

93
85
90
84
67
63

8

6
6

82
79

85
85

31
26
98
82
97
82
97
82
90
74
4
4
91
91

3
2

93
84
89
82
63
59
9

35
27
98
78
97
78
95
77
85
69
3
3
90

See footnotes at end of tables,




8
6

8
8

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
95
19
19
93
83

8
8

10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
10
0
98

2
2

85
83

22

Footnotes
A ll of these stan d ard footnotes m ay not apply to this bulletin.

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to ta lin g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ia q
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e sho wn; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e fi n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r r a te .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h ifts .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s tan da rd
workw eeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In c lu d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a te s h i f t s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h if ts , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a te s h ifts .
8
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d a y s that add to the s a m e am ount a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c l u d e s t h o s e w i t h 9 f u l l d a y s and no h a l f d a y s, 8 f u l l d ays and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d ays and 4 h a l f d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
then w e r e c u m u la te d .
1 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t
1
time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p lans f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
2
p l a n s " i n c lu d e o n l y th o s e p la n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e p lan s a r e
3
l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s ic k
l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
inter establishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B ILLER, MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b illers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerica lly processing com­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more
class B accounting clerks.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, inter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the b ill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or m ore routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances., Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

CLERK, F ILE
F iles, classifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
matter files. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and files
ings or partly classified m aterial by
cross-referen ce aids. As requested,
wards m aterial. May perform related

Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.

Class C . Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards ma­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of tria l balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Perform s one or m ore accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o( customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
locates clearly identified material in files and fo r ­
clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, P A Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for oilers and plumbers.

23

24
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

Prim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.

N O TE: The term "corporate officer, " used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate o ffice rs" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or *
1

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting proce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be
keypunched from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous items or codes or m issing information.

2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major
segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

MESSENGER (Office Boy or G irl)
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the following:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine in­
quiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays messages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the
supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

Class A

3. Secretary to the head, immediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial re la ­
tions, etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, fa c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) or a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational
unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organiza­
tional segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; o r
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.
Class D

Perform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "sec reta ry " possess the above characteristics.
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:
a.

Positions which do not m eet the "personal"

b.

1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory worker.)

Examples

secretary concept described above;

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
managerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or sub­
stantially m ore complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;

STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May
also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe
from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine
Operator, General).
N O TE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally
works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs m ore
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerica l duties which are not typical of
secretarial work.




Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records,
or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.

25
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic A ccounting M achine O p e ra to r)— Continued

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Perform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, proce­
dures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and
responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining followup files; assembling m aterial for reports,
memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ited " telephone information service
occurs i f the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who
assist customers in placing calls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
preter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate
EAM equipment.

Class A . Perform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level operators in wiring from diagrams and in the operating sequences of long and
complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is limited to
selection and insertion of prewired boards.
Class B . Perform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of larger and m ore complex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the simpler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagrams. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C. Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagrams, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Prim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TY P IS T
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterials or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . Perform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Perform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet
special conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or programer; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.
For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to minimize downtime;
the programs are of complex design so that identification of erro r source often requires a
working knowledge of the total program, and alternate programs may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
programs with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new programs required; alternate programs are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In common e rro r situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
programed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of programs
with the characteristics described for class A. May assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations performed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in
running routine programs. Usually has received some formal training in computer operation.
May assist higher level operator on complex programs.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the programer develops the precise in­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation

26
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — Continued

of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters
programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts i f this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing employees, or program ers prim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor processing steps'to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and re sequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level program ers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, a d a p t i n g , arraying, or making minor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level programer by independently p er­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
Class C . Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to ve rify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and programing should be clas­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems in­
volving all phases of systems analysis. Problem s are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and m ultiple-use requirements of output data. (F or example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




COM PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — Continued

every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, i f
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problem s are of lim ited,
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for
class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system.
Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example,
may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that d iffer significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities o f m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work is closely supervised
during progress.
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or systems by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the performance of most or all of the following tasks: Assembling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.

27
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

Electronic equipment or systems worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:.
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications systems, relay systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; e le c ­
tronic computers; m issile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and medical
measuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving firs t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and ca rry ­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production assem blers and testers, craftsmen, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of elec­
trical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers,
m otors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating ,and r e frig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or
tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by workers on a full-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




MECHANIC, AUTOM OTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dis­
assembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various
assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles in auto­
mobile repair shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illwright's work normally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PA IN TER , MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

28
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C ontinued

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

PIP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following; Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers prim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems are excluded.
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types-of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs,' fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

PACKER, SHIPPING— Continued

Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of employees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
premises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fix ­
tures or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

and size of container; inserting enclosures i n ' container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping pro­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: V erifyin g or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking fo r shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

LABORER, M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehouseman or warehouse helper)

shelver; trucker;

stockman or stock helper;

TRUCKDRIVER

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.

ORDER F ILLE R

follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra cto r-tra iler should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under l'/z tons)
medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to ve rify content; selection of appropriate type




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----The f o llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r use in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le at no c o s t while sup plies l a s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the ins id e fro nt c o v e r .

Alaska
A lb an y, Ga.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T a w a s C ity , M ic h.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
Augus ta, G a - S . C .
Austin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a l i f.
Baton Rouge, L a .
B i l o x i , G ulfpor t, and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S tam fo rd , Conn.
C h a r le ston , S.C.
C l a r k s v i l l e , Tenn., and H o p k in s v ille , K y .
C o lo r a d o Sp rin gs, C olo .
Colum bia , S.C.
Columbus, G a —A l a .
C ran e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Minn.—Wis.
S
Durham, N .C .
E l Paso, Tex.
Eug ene, O r e g .
F a r g o — o o rh e a d , N. Dak.—Minn .
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F it chb urg —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Smith, A r k . —Okla.
F r e d e r i c k — ag e rs to w n , Md.—P a .—W. Va.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem —High P oin t, N .C .
H a r r i s b u r g , P a.
H u n ts vil le , A la .
K n o x v i l l e , Tenn.

C op ie s o f public r e l e a s e s a r e

Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev .
L e x in g to n , K y .
L o w e r E a s t e r n Shore, Md.—V a.
M ac on , Ga.
M a r q u e tte , Esca naba, Sault Ste. M a r i e , M ic h.
M eridian , M is s.
M i d d l e s e x , Monmo uth, Ocean and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e , Alg.., and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M on tgom ery, Ala.
N a s h v i l l e , Tenn.
N e w London— roto n— o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M aine
Ogden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
Oxnard— entu ra, C a l i f.
V
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o r ts m o u th , N.H.—M ain e —M a s s .
P u e b lo, C olo.
R eno, N e v .
S a cr a m e n to , C a lif.
Santa B a r b a r a , C a l i f.
S h r e v e p o r t, L a.
S p r in g f ie ld — h ic o p e e —H oly ok e , M a s s .—Conn.
C
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
T o p e k a , K ans.
T ucson, A r i z .
V allejo—
Napa, C a lif.
W ich it a F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D el.—N.J.—Md.

T h e tw e lfth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r accountants, aud ito rs, c h i e f accountants, a t t o r n e y s , job a n aly sts, d i r e c t o r s of p e rs on n e l,
b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e rin g te chn icia ns, d ra ft s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1742, N ation al
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1971, 75 cents a copy, f r o m the Superintendent of
Docum ents , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , Washington, D .C ., 20402, o r any o f its r e g i o n a l s ales o f f i c e s .




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1 9 7 2 — 7 4 6 -1 8 4 /2 5




.

'

.4..

A r e a W a g e S u rv ey s
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y o f a re a w age studies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the req u e s t
o f tne E m p lo ym e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep a rtm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u e st. B u lletin s m a y be pu rch ased fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocu m ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, July 1971 1 ___________________________________
A lb a n y -S c h e n e c ta d y -T r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x ., M a r . 1972 1 ______________________
A lle n to w n —B eth leh em —E aston , P a .—N .J ., M ay 1972 1—
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1972 1__________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1971________________________________
B e a u m o n t-P o rt A rth u r—O ra n g e, T e x ., M ay 1972--------B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1971 1____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1972------ -----------------------------B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1971______________________________
B oston, M a s s ., A u g. 1971__________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1971___________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 1971_________________________________
Canton, O hio, M a y 1972 1 __________________________________
C h a rle s to n , W. V a ., M a r . 1972 1--------------------------------C h a r lo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1972 1_______________________________
C h attan ooga, Tenn.—G a., Sept. 1971---------------------------C h ic a g o , III., June 1971 1 _________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O hio— y.—Ind., F e b . 1972____________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1971_______________________________
C olu m bu s, O hio, O ct. 1971----------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1971____________________________________
D aven p ort—R ock Islan d — o lin e , Iowa—III., F e b . 1972 L .
M
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1971 1__________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1971 1 ________________________________
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 19721-----------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972__________________________________
D urham , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1 ________________________________
F o r t L a u d e rd a le —H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm
B ea ch , F la . , A p r . 1972 1_________________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1971................ ...............................
G reen B ay, W is ., July 1971______________________________ G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972----------------------------------------Houston, T e x ., A p r . 1972__________________________ ____ —
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b r u a r y 1972 1 -----------------------------In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1971 -------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1971------------------------------------K ansas C ity , M o.—K a n s ., Sept. 1971--------------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s —N .H ., June 1972 1----------L it t le R ock —N orth L it t le R ock , A r k ., July 1971---------L o s A n g e le s —L on g B each and A n ah eim —
Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif., M a r . 1972-----------------------------L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N o v . 1971 1 ------------------------------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1 ............... -.................................
M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1971-------------------------------------M e m p h is , Tenn.—A r k ., N o v . 1971 1----------------------------M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1971.........................................................
M id lan d and O d essa , T e x ., Jan. 1972 1----------------------M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 19721
-------------------------------------*
 Data on establishment


B u lle tin nu m ber
and p r ic e
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,
1725-16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents

1725-74,
35 cents
1725-21,
30 cents
1725-3,
30 cents
1725-66,
30 cents
1725-79, 35 cents
1725-50,
35 cents
1725-23,
30 cents
1725-38,
30 cents
1725-39,
30 cents
1725-18,
35 cents
1725-81,
35 cents
1725-4,
30 cents
1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1725-83,

45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
45 cents

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A rea
Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1-----------------------Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1972 1----------N ew ark and J ersey City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1____ __________
N ew Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 _____________________ _____
N ew O rlean s, La., Jar. 1972_______________________________
N ew York, N .Y ., A pr. 1971_________________________________
Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972____ _____________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1971 1________________________
Omaha, Nebr. —Iowa, Sept. 1971 1 _________________________
Pate rson—
Clifton—P a ss a ic ,N.J., June 1971_______________
Philadelphia, P a —N.J., Nov. 1971 1_______________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1971_________________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1972___________________________ _____ _
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1 ________________ _____ _____ —
Portland, Ore g.—Wash., May 1971________________________
Poughkeepsie—Kingston— e w b u r g h ,
N
N . Y . , June 1972 1__________________________________________
Providence—Pawtucket—W arwick , R.I.—M a s s . ,
May 1972...................... ..................... .......................... .......
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1971_____________________ ___________ —
Richmond, Va., M a r . 1972 1_____________________________ —
Ro chester, N .Y . (office occupations only), July 1971 1—
Rockford, 111., June 1972 1----------------------------------------------St. Louis, Mo.—III., M a r . 1972_____________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971___________________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1972_______________________________
San Bernardino— ivers id e—O n tario , Calif.,
R
Dec. 1971____________________________________________ ________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1971 1 ...........................................
San Francisc o —
Oakland, C ali f., Oct. 1971 1______________
San Jose, Calif., M a r . 1972_________________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1972 1----------------------------------------------Scranton, Pa., July 1971___________________________________
Seattle-E verett, Wash., Jan. 1972------------------------ -------- Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971___________________________
South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1------------------ ------------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1971_________________________________
Syracuse, N .Y . , J u l y ^ l 1 ................... ...........................
Tampa—St. P e te r sb u rg , F la., Nov. 1971 1 ................ —
Toledo, Ohio—Mich., A pr. 1972 1------------------------------------Trenton, N.J ., Sept. 1971__________________________________
Utica—Rome, N .Y . , July 1971 1____________________________
Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., A p r . 1971___________________
Water bury, Conn., M a r . 1972*---------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_________________________________
Wichita, Kans., A p r . 1972 1________________________________
W orces te r, M a s s . , M a y 1972 1
_____________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1972 1....... .................................................
Youngstown—W arr en, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1--------------------------

B u lletin nu m ber
and p r ic e
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
65 cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70, 30 cents
1725-5,
30 cents
1725-72, 35 cents
1725-7,
35 cents
1725-84,
35 cents
1725-61,
35 cents
1725-24,
30 cents
1725-67,
30 cents
1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1685-88,
1725- 10,
1725-31,
1725-78,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




F IR S T

CLASS

M A IL

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102