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Dayton & Montgomery Co,
Public Library

OCT 311972
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C a n to n , O h io , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
M ay 1972

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 7 5
U.s. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR /

Bureau

of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region II
1515 Broadway, Suite 3400
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square'BuikJing
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 3 5 3 -1880 (Area Code 312)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017 '
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lletin 1 7 2 5 - 7 5

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

A ugust 1972

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Geoffrey H. Moore. Commissioner

T h e C a n to n , O h io , M e tro p o lita n A r e a , M a y 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page
1.
5,

I n tr o d u c ti o n
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p s

T ab les:
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu died
I n d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f c han ge f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l . O f f i c e oc c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d
m
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a tio n s
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t oc c u p a tio n s

B,

6.

1.
2.

A.

4.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m entran ce s a la r ie s f o r w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s
B - 2 . Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s
B - 3 . Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and days
B -4 . P a id holidays
B -5 . P a id vacations
B - 6 . H e a l th , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n plans

7.

9.
10 .

11.
12.

13.
14.
15.
16.

17 .

20 .
23.

Appendix.

Occupation al d e sc r ip tio n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington. D.C.. 20402—
Price 35 cents

P re fa c e
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual o c c u p a ­
ti o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d to p r o v i d e data
on o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ­
tary wage p ro visio n s.
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s stu died, f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r
th e U n ite d S t a te s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a ti o n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2 ) the s t r u c t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g
a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n p r e ­
sents th e r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l i n d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s
f o r a round o f s u r v e y s , t w o s u m m a r y b u l l e ti n s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n ­
d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data t o r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U n i t e d S ta te s .
N i n e t y - f o u r a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In
e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d annually
and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
biennially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in Canto n, O hio,
in M a y 1972. T h e Sta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e fi n e d
b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t ( f o r m e r l y th e B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t) th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f S t a r k County. T h i s study
w a s c o n d u cted b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r
the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o i s L . O r r , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r
f o r O peration s.




Note:
S im ila r rep o rts a re a va ila b le fo r other a rea s.
b ack c o v e r . )

(See i n s i d e

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con duct s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , data w e r e o b ­
ta i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c t u rin g ;
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g ro u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d
b e c a u s e th e y te nd to fu r n is h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e oc c u p a tio n s
stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a ti o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sc h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n bonuses a r e e x ­
c lu d e d, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d. W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the stan da rd w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t
h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/ or p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e oc c u p a tio n s h a ve been
roun ded to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . T o
ob ta in o p ti m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is stu die d. In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t. E s t i ­
m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e stu died.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d iv id u a l oc c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d i v i d u a l jo b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y ch an ge s in w a g e s and
em p lo ym en t patterns. F o r exam ple, p ro p ortion s of w o rk e rs em ployed
by h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
ad v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d by n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such s hifts in e m p l o y m e n t c ould d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d uring the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in tab le 2, a r e
b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than i n d iv id u a l jo b s within the g ro u p s.

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e oc c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s et o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in du tie s w ith in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a ti o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e nd ix . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a te d ,
the e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r all i n d u s t r i e s c o m ­
b in e d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a ti o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d ,
o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d
in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a ­
tio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
E a r n i n g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d
in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d ata, w h e r e sho wn.
L i k e w i s e , data a r e
i n c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y
i s not a v a i l a b l e .

The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e f le c t com p osite, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g and, thus, c o n trib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e ach job.
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d am on g jo b s in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s with in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s wh ich m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the actual
r a t e s p aid i n c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c duties
p e r f o r m e d , alth ough the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y within
the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e
u s e d i n i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 94 areas are eight studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These
areas are Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—Hollywood and
O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a l l
West Palm Beach, Fla.; Huntsville, A la .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N . Y . ; Rochester, N .Y .
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the nu m b e r a c tu ­
(office occupations only); Syracuse, N . Y . ; and Utica— Rome, N . Y . In addition the Bureau conducts
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e a m on g
more limited area studies in 64 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta ined
the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (i n the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th e y
r e l a t e to p l a n t - and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D ata f o r in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s not
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
e r s ( in c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e fu n c tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d functions. C a fe t e r ia w o r k e r s
and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but in c lu d e d
in n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b l e
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p ti m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
Sh if t d i f f e r e n t i a l data ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n tw o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am ount
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w as u s e d o r , i f no am oun t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s and d ay s (ta b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f the f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as
a p p l y i n g to a l l o f th e p l a n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s and d ays a r e t h o s e w h i c h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l ­
t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p aid f o r at
s tra ig h t-tim e o r o v e r t im e rates.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
s io n p la ns ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h ro u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e
b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p l a n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a

m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r
th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . Su ms o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s i n t a b l e s B - 2 th ro u gh
B - 6 m a y not eq u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
Data on p a id h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d an n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1 ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in
w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m . H o l i d a y s o r d i ­
n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th ou gh t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o rk d a y
and th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f . T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the
p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s
actu a lly granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f h o l i d a y s
t o s h o w to ta l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
sta tistica l m e a s u r e o f va catio n p ro v is io n s .
It is not in t e n d e d as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
fits.
P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d as a p p l y i n g to a l l p la n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . O n ly b a s i c p lans a r e i n c lu d e d . E s t i m a t e s e x ­
c lu d e v a c a t i o n bonus and v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p lans and t h o s e w h ich o f f e r
" e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p lans w ith q u a l i fy i n g
le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . Such e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l , a l u m in u m ,
and can i n d u s t r i e s .
Data on h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s (ta b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
cost. Such p lan s i n c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n by a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a union fund o r p aid d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p lan i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to be c o v e r e d u n der th e plan,
e v e n i f l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n tr i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e plan. L e g a l l y r e ­
q u i r e d p l a n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and
r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f i n ­
surance under which p r e d e t e r m in e d cash paym ents a r e m ad e d ir e c t ly
t o th e i n s u r e d d u r i n g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such p la n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b ­
u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich h a ve e n a c te d
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u ­
t i o n s , 3 p lan s a r e in c lu d e d o n l y i f th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e
th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s
w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a id s i c k

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering late
2
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California and

Rhode Island do not require employer

3
l e a v e p lan s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l pla ns 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a
p r o p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f
illn e s s .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) plans
w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p lans w h ich p r o ­
v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n ­
t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s wh o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and
a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic ated t o t a l is shown
o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r both t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y p la ns p r o v i d e p a y m e n t s to t o t a l l y d i s ­
a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon th e e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p a id s i c k l e a v e an d/ o r
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f
d is a b ility (ty p ic a lly 6 m onths).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e un til the end o f
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the mini­
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




th e d i s a b i l i t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e m e n t b e n e f i t s .
P a y m e n t s m a y be at f u l l o r p a r t i a l p a y but a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s r e ­
d uced by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , and p r i v a t e p e n s io n
b e n e f i t s p a y a b l e to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c lu d e s t h o s e p lans w h ich a r e d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lans p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete or p a rtia l paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
D e n ta l i n s u r a n c e u s u a l l y
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c l u d e d a r e plans whic h
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r acciden t d a m a ge.
P l a n s m a y be u n d e r ­
w r itte n by c o m m e r i c a l insuran ce com p an ies o r n o n profit org an iza tion s
o r th e y m a y b e p a id f o r by the e m p l o y e r out o f a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e . T a b u l a ti o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n plans a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e plans that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o rk e r's life .

4

T ab le 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in Canton, O h io ,1by major in d u s try division,1 M ay 1 9 7 2
Workers in establishments

Number of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study3

Studied
T o ta l4

Studied

Plant
Number

Percent

Tota l4

259

A ll divisions_______________________________
Manufacturing__________________________________
Nonmanufacturing_______________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities5______________________
Wholesale trade______________________________
Retail tra d e__________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate---------Services 8____________________________________

Office

50
-

50
50
50
50
50

88

73,387

100

52,392

9,911

51,489

120
139

45
43

53,211
20,176

73
27

40,001
12,391

6,002
3,909

40, 837
10,652

18
22
69
16
14

9
6
13
8
7

5,456
1, 861
8,954
2,624
1,281

7
3
12
3
2

2,910

879

4, 787
758
2,535
1, 776
796

(? )
(7 >
(T)
(6 )

(? )
(? )
(‘ )
(6 )

1 The Canton Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the O ffice of Management and Budget (fo rm erly the Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, consists of Stark County.
The
"workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description
of the size and composition of the labor force included
in the survey. Theestimat
are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to
measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires
use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and fo r " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estimates
fo r
"a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data fo r this division is not made for
one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




Alm ost three-fourths of the workers within scope of survey in the Canton area w ere
employed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the m ajor industry groups and
specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

Prim a ry metal industries_____ 31
Machinery, except e le c tric a l— 20
Fabricated metal products____ 12
E lectrical equipment and
supplies______________________ 7
Food and kindred products____ 7
Furniture and fix tu res________ 6
Rubber and plastics products— 5

Blast furnace and basic
steel products__________________ 19
General industrial m achinery__14
Household appliances___________ 7
Iron and steel foundries________ 7
Fabricated structural metal
P roduct s _______________________ 6
Miscellaneous prim ary metal
products_______________________ 5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled prior to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
shows the p e r c e n t a g e ch an ge . T h e in d e x is the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e f o r the next s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c on tin uin g to m u l t i p l y (c om p ou n d ) e ach y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s index.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t ra c tin g 100 f r o m the in d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e ch an ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the date o f
the in d e x.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a te s . A n nu a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths w h en the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m on th s . T h e s e c o m p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t i o n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c on stan t r a te
betw een surveys.
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f earn in gs fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a t e s h ifts . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and i n c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h g ro u p .
L im itatio n s

o f D ata

M e t h o d o f C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge , as m e a s u r e s o f
c han ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f l u e n c e d b y;
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p ay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s with out ac tu a l w a g e c h a n ge s . It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declin ed beca u se lo w e r - p a y in g establishm en ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e xp an d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, w ages
m a y h a ve r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a ve r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c on stan t w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g ro u p :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance ( men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (automotive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A, B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, order
Tool and die makers
class B
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
cleaners
Messengers (office boys or
women):
Laborers, m aterial handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
girls)

T h e u s e o f con stan t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in eac h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f change r e f l e c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n flu e n ce d b y
c h a n ge s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f change any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r eac h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l oc c u p a tio n s
in the g r o u p w e r e to ta l e d .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 con secu tive y e a rs
w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5

6




T ab le 2.

Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups

in Canton, Ohio, M ay 1971 and M ay 1972, and percents of change ‘ for selected periods
Manufacturing

All in du stries
P eriod

Office
cle ric al
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Office
c le ric a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n u rses
(men and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
trad e s
(men)

U nskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

130. 9
141. 8

124. 5
137. 8

122. 1
138. 8

Indexes (A pril 1967=100)
May 1971
May 1972------------------------------------------------

125. 5
136. 0

131. 3
142. 2

125. 1
138. 5

126. 2
143. 1

124. 8
134. 9

P ercen ts of change 1
Decem ber 1959 to D ecem ber I9 6 0 ____________
Decem ber 1960 to May 1962:
17-month in c re a se — _____________________
Annual rate of in c re a se
_
_
—
___

1. 7

2. 7

3. 1

3. 5

1. 4

2. 7

3. 3

3.4

5. 0
3. 5

3. 6
2. 5

3. 5
2. 5

3. 1
2. 2

5. 4
3. 8

3. 6
2. 5

3. 6
2. 5

3. 4
2 .4

May 1962 to A p ril 1963:
11-month ch an ge----------------------------------Annual rate of change-----------------------------

.3
.3

1. 5
1.6

1. 2
1. 3

.8
.9

2- . 3
2- 3

1. 5
1. 6

1. 0
1. 1

.7
.8

2- .
2.
2.
2.

5
2
5
5

4. 5
1. 4
1.9
5. 5

.
1.
6.
3.

7
3
5
1

.5
1.4
3.9
2 .9

A p ril 1963 to A p ril 1964----------------------------A p ril 1964 to A p ril 1965----------------------------A p ril 1965 to A p ril 1966..... ......................................
A p ril 1966 to A p ril 1967----------------------------A p ril 1967 to June 1968:
14-month i n c r e a s e -------------------------------Annual rate of in c re a se --------------------------

.3
2. 5
1. 6
2. 5

5. 0
.9
1.9
5. 5

.9
1. 3
6. 2
3. 2

1. 5
1. 1
4. 1
2. 8

6. 0
5. 1

9. 1
7. 8

3. 2
2. 7

5 .4
4. 6

5. 2
4 .4

8. 7
7. 4

3. 0
2. 6

3. 3
2. 8

June 1968 to May 1969:
11-month in c r e a s e -------------------------------Annual rate of in c re a se --------------------------

5. 5
6. 0

7. 2
7 .9

6. 0
6. 6

8. 0
8. 8

6. 2
6. 8

7. 2
7.9

6. 0
6 .6

8. 4
9 .2

May 1969 to May 1970-------------------------------May 1970 to May 1971-------------------------------May 1971 to May 1972--------------------------------

5. 7
6. 2
8 .4

6. 7
5. 2
8. 3

7. 5
6. 4
10. 7

3 .4
7. 2
13.4

6. 1
5. 2
8. 1

6. 7
5. 2
8. 3

7. 2
6. 5
10. 7

1.9
7. 1
13. 7

1 A ll changes a re in c re a se s u n less otherwise indicated.
2 This decline la rge ly refle cts employee turnover within and between high- and low-wage establishm ents rather than wage d e c r e a se s.

7

A.

O ccu p a tio n a l earnings

T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Canton, Ohio, May 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of---«

S

S

115

t
120

i
130

t
140

150

160

170

180

190

_ L lf i___ H 5

120

130

140

150

160

170

18C

190

200

-

-

7

5

7

8
8

7

A

7

19
19

9

-

-

-

25

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

A

-

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
6
1

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i
-

4
4

4
A

6
6

10
10

-

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

65

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

70

75

80

85

90

95

1PQ

105

$
$
$
175.00 1 4 9 .0 0 -1 9 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

2

2

-

-

7

-

A

12

1

60

weekly
Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

(standard)

(

t

110

>

S
105

S

i

------20 0

and
un der
over

MEN

A ---------------

73

40.0

$
172.00

B I L L E R S . MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------— --------------------

50

4 0 .0

99.00

107.50

72 .0 0-124 .5 0

-

7

B OO KKEEPING-MACHINE
C L AS S B .....................

41

4 0 .0
*u .u

98.50

93.50
vu*uu

87 .0 0-121 .0 0

1

-

C LE R KS . ACC OU NT IN G,
W W W Awl
1 Nu

CLASS

WOMEN

OPERATORS,
■ ■ —----------------------

C LE RK S ,

1

1

A CC OU NT IN G, CLASS A --------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g
--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

130
72
58

40.0
40.0
4 0 .0

119.50
122.50
115.50

116.50
117.50
116.50

103.00-137.00
10 4.00-140.00
102.50-123.00

C LE R KS , A CC OU NT IN G, CLASS B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

268
148
120

39.5
39.5
39.5

105.00
116.50
90.50

95.50
112.50
84.50

83 .0 0-122 .5 0
92 .0 0-130 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 96.50

-

—

_
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

15
1
14

-

-

1
1

3
3
-

6
i
5

13
7
6

15
9
6

10
8
2

9
5
4

26
7
19

12
8
4

7
7
-

18
8
10

10
7
3

10
6
A

5
3
2

17
14
3

26
22
A

18
10
8

3
2
l

-

20
3
17

50
16
34

27
13
14

21
11
10

22
16
6

-

_
-

B ----------------------------

49

39.5

96.50

95.00

86 .0 0-102 .5 0

-

1

-

5

6

2

11

10

5

-

4

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C LE R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- ■
----------------------

92
66
26

39.5
40 .0
38.5

126.50
130.00
117.00

123.50
124.50
117.50

110.50-139.50
113.50-147.50
9 3 .5 0-138 .0 0

-

-

-

9
1
8

9
8
i

15
14
1

15
6
9

5
3
2

6
6

3
3

-

-

-

10
8
2

A
A

~

A
2
2

3
3

-

2
1
1

-

-

i
i
-

5
5

-

1
1
*

*

“

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------------

44

*0 .0

124.50

123.50

120.50-131.00

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

i

3

3

-

23

4

4

1

2

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLA SS A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING -------- — --------------- —

91
61
30

40 .0
40.0
39.5

123.00
128.50
111.5C

115.00
132.00
110.00

10 6.00-141.00
10 6.50-148.50
106.00-118.00

.
-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

5
5
"

6
3
3

A
A

16
5
11

11
6
5

5
1
A

5
3
2

12
11
1

10
8
2

A
A

A
4

5
5

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

177
116
61

40.0
40.0
4 0 .0

106.50
113.00
93.50

100.00
113.50
86.50

84.5 0-127 .0 0
90.5 0-132 .5 0
80 .0 0-104 .0 0

-

_
-

11
8
3

14
13
1

1
1
-

-

2
2

-

-

“

17
14
3

8
8

-

ii
9
2

-

*

-

-

S ECRET ARIES

446
262
184

4 0 .0
39.5
40.0

130.50
136.50
122.00

126.50
133.50
113.00

108.00-151.00
117.00-153.50
99.0 0-146 .0 0

_

-

-

-

32
23
9

55
37
18

39
31
8

36
24
12

22
7
15

7
7
*

3
2
1

9
8
1

C LE RK S ,

FILE,

CLASS

---------------------------------------------------

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

-----------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

15
A
11

23
10
13

17
11
6

18
12
6

8
5
3

6

8

3
3

3

10
8
2

1
-

2
-

5
-

1

~

8
3
5

2

5

20
A
16

12
4
8

21
4
17

29
14
15

39
18
21

26
13
13

35
24
11

53
42
11

5

A --------------------------

27

4 0 .0

164.00

163.50

148.50-180.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

C LA SS B -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

73
51

4 0 .0
40.0

143.50
152.50

142.50
149.50

127.00-157.50
140.00-162.00

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

1
-

2
1

3
-

5
1

8
2

12

-

2
-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

160
105

132.00
134.00
112.50

112.50-157.00
120.00-153.50
102.00-175.50

-

-

-

-

1

5

8

-

-

1

-

13
13

22
22

5

A

8

16
8
8

6
A

1

2
1
l

5

-

55

13 6.00
139.00
130.50

-

---------------------------------

4 0 .0
40.0
39.5

10
8
2

SECRETARIES,

CLASS

S EC R E T A R I E S ,

NONMANUFACTURING

See footnotes at end of tables.




2

9

*

-

-

6

A

5

A

3

1

2

15
14

10
10

7
6

3
3

2
2

1
1

2
2

21
16

15
12

15
1
14

1
1

3

13
11
2

2
2

5

5

5

8
T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o n tin u ed

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Canton, Ohio, May 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

dumber of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S

Middle range2

and
under

WOMEN

SECRETARIES

-

-

CONTINUED

102

39.5
39.5
60.0

$
$
$
$
116.00 112.00 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
117.00 115.00 1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
9 5 .5 0-136 .0 0
115.00 109.00

--------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

189
107
82

60.0
60.0
60 .0

108.00
101.00
117.00

106.50
93 .5 0
113.00

STENOGRAPHERS,
S E N I O R ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

---------------------------------

192
116
76

60.0
60.0
60 .0

120.00
118.00
122.50

----------------------------------------

61
31

39.5
3 9 .5

OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

91
77

------------------

186

STENOGRAPHERS,

CLASS

D

A

M A N U F A C T U R I N G
TYPISTS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING

86

V
*

C
D

no

115

120

130

160

t

S

150

1
1

2

A

-

-

2

A

15
6
11

10
3
7

3
3

18
17
1

26
25
1

10
10
“

18
10
8

18
13
5

15
2
13

23
3
20

20
7
13

8
2
6

A

2
2

6

17
13
6

22
9

8
6
2

18
7
11

10
6
6

32
21
11

15
10
5

23
10
13

6
6

-

23
19
6

5
5

1

-

-

3
3

6
1

2

6
6

-

-

“

3
2
1

116.00
116.50
118.00

10 0.50-137.00
9 7 .0 0-133 .0 0
103.50-165.50

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

105.50
99.50

96 .0 0
91 .0 0

85 .5 0-135 .0 0
82 .5 0-100 .0 0

5
5

3
2

8
6

A

39.5
39.5

106.00
109.50

106.00
110.50

9 7 .0 0-116 .5 0
98.0 0-117 .0 0

1

1

1

3
2

3
3

39.5
60.0

120.00
125.50

109.50
127.50

9 9 .0 0-150 .0 0
102.00-151.50

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

2

---------- ---- ------------

67
36

-----------------------------------------------------

63
51

6 0 .0
39.5

97.00
96.50

89.00
87.50

8 3 .5 0-106 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 97.50

-

_

_

18
17

13
13

OPERATORS,

CLASS

105

95

85

8 9 .5 0-117 .0 0
8 6 .0 0-107 .5 0
10 7.00-120.00

GENERAL

CLASS

B

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ *
---------------TVPISTS,

100

80

*

NONMANUFACTURING
SWITCHBOARD

95

160

$

$
170

180

%

190

200

and

*

NONMANUFACTURING
SWITCHBOARD

90

100

105

no

115

16
3
11

20
16
6

21

17
10
7

21
16
5

10
6
6

13
3
10

10
5
5

11
2

12

17
9
8

5
1

A

12
10
2

-

120

130

160

150

160

170

190

200

over

CONTINUED

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

SECRETARIES,

70

-

65

80

1

M edian2

75

<
0
O

M ean*

s

S

t

65

'J
O

60

1

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

U
!

S
Number
of
workers

------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables




-

-

_

-

-

2
2

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

2

A

6

9

6

13
_

9

-

-

1
1

*

*

2
1

22

8
5

5
5

16
16

16
16

3
3

2
2

-

8
5

3
2

8

-

2
2

2
1

3

A

3

2
2

A

2

1

1

3

22

A

A
i
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

*
5

“

5

7
1
6

1

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

-

A
A

1
1

-

-

_

-

_

*

1

-

-

-

-

2

1

6

2

-

2
2

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

8
8

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o cc u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Canton, Ohio, May 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
s

%

90

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

M „n *

M edian2

Middle range2

s
100

S

110

120

and
under
100

*

I

130
-

110

120

130

*

140
-

*

150
-

i

160
-

140

150

160

-

"

3
3

6
6

17
17

*

170
-

$

180

-

J

~i

190 200
-

190

210

I

220

-I--- i--- 1--- {--- {

I

230

240

250

260

270

280

-

200

I

210

290
a n (J

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

over

170

180

-

1

6

2

1

4

4

5

-

1

6

-

-

1

-

6
6

11
11

2
2

4
4

11
11

22
18

15
11

4
3

10
8

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

6
6

16
13

37
29

25
23

21
20

9
6

11
4

24
11

29
16

23
16

13
10

2
2

2
2

1
1

3
3

8

1

5

4
4

3
3

10
10

9
9

3
3

12
12

7
7

1
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

men

$

$

30

32

*

4o ! o 173.00 182.50 149.00-189.00
40.0 130.50 131.50 117.50-142.00
40.0 137.00 137.00

8

1

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
O
o
*

35

236.00 235.00 207.50-264.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
«
zZ

27

i n l ’ nn 203*50

40*0 s-TA*nn
170.00

165.50-180.00

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
36
4 0 .0

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS

32
30

172.50 164.00 134.50-214.50
18j.-»0 100.00

40.0 270.50 274.00 253.00-294.00
40.0 271...0 274.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

04
DRAFTSMEN. CLASS B ------------------

156

40*0 191*50
40.0 174.50 176.50 162.00-191.00

-

145.50

40.0

J

147*00

12^.00

(REGISTERED) ---

* Workers were distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end of tables.




6

*4

123.>0
'

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL

-

-

62

40.0 162.00 163.50 144,00-183.50

-

3

4

4

1 at $ 290 to $ 300; 6 at $ 300 to $310; and 1 at $ 330 to $ 340.

1
1

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , pro fessio n al, and tec h n ica l o cc u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n com bined

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Canton, Ohio, May 1972)
Ave r a ,.
Number
of

Occupation and industr> division

Av r g
eae

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1
(standard! (standard)

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING

$
101.00

Average

Number
Weekly Weekly
o
f
anns
hus 1 erig 1
or
wo
( t n a d( t n a d
sadr sadr)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

—
W eekly
hours *
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

$
•
P
38

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,

51
41
26

nUnnASUr Al, 1UK 1No
CL ER KS ? ACCOUNTING? CLASS A
N U “ nAN L A L 1 1
m
UK

— 'ii ■

CLERKS? ACCOUNTING? CLASS B
™ANUrAt 1U K 1
-"

1 "
““
—

40.0
40.0

98.50
85.50

203
139
64

160

39.5 108.00
39.5 120.50
39.5
90.50

49

39.5

40.0 130.00
136.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
26

1 J
102

39 5 116.00
39.5 117.00
40.0 11J.OO

180
107

40.0

A 1 KUCt-

"

NONNANUT AC TUR I N G — ™

— — — — ——

—

174.00

192

105
79
26

39.5 132.50
40.0 137.50
38.5 117.00

76

120.00
60 0
40.0 I
. u
105.50
99.50

30

N 6 S S EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)-

See footnote at end of tables.




--------------------------------------------

40.0 106.50
40.0 113.00

35

27

40.0 164.00

_

0

60 0 270.50
40.0 271.50

39.5 106.00
39.5 109.50

33

40.0

56
35
63

39.5 123.50
40.0 126.00
60.0

216.00

n

60 0 191.00
173.50
170.50

I t ?

97.00
94.50

26

60*0

40.0 110.00
50 0 130 50
39.5 136.50
40*0 122.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS?

An

39.5 111.50

262
18A

SECRETARIES? CLASS A

91

40.0 123.50

AA6

4 0 • C 185.00
O

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*

MANUFACTURING
177
116

39.5

J\J

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS93

188.50
at ' n 201.50
An *n
60.0 170.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

38.5 111.00

■ vu*u

N O NM AN UT AC TU RI NG

27

An n

96.50

31

r

228.00
40.0 245.50

rnun,.rrn nnn^n .ur«r

108.00
101.00

60
vLLH A i y

40.0 136.50

40.0 152.50
An n
A n n

3 .5 130.^0

40.0 138.50
40.0 147.00
40.0 119.50

281
161
120

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

^

•

144.50
146.- 0
>

A n .0 125.00
n

58
37

40.0 163.50
40.0 168.50

NURSES. INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---65

60 *0

163.5C
163.00

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division. Canton, Ohio, May 1972)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e ceiv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o ur ly ea r n in gs of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

1

i

2.60
Middle range 2

Mean 2

a nd

t

2.70

2.80 2.90

_

i
_

1

t
_

»

*

*

*

i

*

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60

3.70

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

i

3.80

*

3.00

4.00 4.20 4.40

t

*

i

*

i

*

*

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40 5.60

*

5

5.60

5.80

_

under
2.70

$

$

4.63
4.71

4.62
4.65

$
4.46 4.61 -

$
4.68
4.69

4.80
4.80

4.83
4.83

4.68 4.70-

4.94
4.93

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY -----------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

4.97
4.97

5.08
5.09

4.394.38-

4.30
4.30

4.21
4.21

3.78 3 .78 -

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.60

3.70

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

1
1

1
1

22
5

29
29

2
2

1
1

4

-

4

2
2

14
14

50
48

27
25

89
88

187
186

22
20

16
12

4

8
8

10
10

-

8
8

7
5

_

-

7
7
8
8

-

_

_

4

-

-

_

5.45
5.46

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

2.80

4.49
4.49

CARPENTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------MA NU FACTURING ------------------

452
440

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

124
114

3.64
3.59

3.81
3.79

3.25 3.21 -

3.97
3.94

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MA NUFACTURING ------------------

143
143

5.26
5.26

5.81
5.81

4.534.53-

370
370

4.82
4.82

4.79 4.79-

4.96
4.96

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ------------

134
64
70

4.47
4.48
4.46
4.48

4.71
4.73
4.37
4.48

3.84 3.873.69 3.63 -

4.96
4.79
5.03
5.51

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

515
515

4.58
4.58

4.75
4.75

4.22 4 .22 -

4.87
4.87

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

395
395

4.78
4.78

4.76
4.76

4.724.72-

5.33
5.33

-

i
i

2
2

4
4

-

-

*

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

4

PA INIERS, M A I N T E N A N C E -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -------MA NU FACTURING ------------------

220
203

4•94 i 4.77

4.694.68-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

225
225

5.02
5.02

5.04
5.04

4 .74 4 .74 -

See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




-

6.00

2
2

-

-

_

33
33

-

-

-

36
36

1
1

3
3

2
2

6
6

_

-

10
10

74
74

-

6
6

14
14

*

13
13

15
15

1
1

17
17

40
40

12
12

12
2

1
1

_

5.34
5.35
5.19
5.19

-

-

22
22

5
5

18
18

9
9

4
4

-

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

22
22

16
16
16

7
7
-

-

-

-

_

_

4.80
4.80

4.344 .34 -

_

5.87
5.87

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

-

5.80

4
4

-

8
8

-

8
8

3
3

-

-

~

_

_

-

*
-

7
7

“

_
-

—

2
2

2
2

5
5

-

-

•

-

-

*

-

_

5
5

-

-

9
9

17
17

4
4

1
1

1
1

1
1

7
7

15
15

16
16

23
23

202
202

22
22

28
28

-

5
5
-

7
7

3
3
3

5
3
2
2

13
13
5

3
3
3

-

14
2
12
12

5
4
1
1

-

“

14
9
5
5

28
28
-

*

11
5
6
6

1
1

-

2
2
2

7

-

-

*

-

1
1

7
7

9
9

-

6
6

3
3

6
6

2
2

38
38

45
45

55
55

9
9

105
105

143
143

42
42

4
4

_
-

-

3
3

4

“

12
12

14
14

264
264

59
59

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

i
i
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ii
ii

15
15

5
5

_
-

-

_

4
4

-

-

35
35

4
4

-

_

27
27

“

_

_
-

8
8

_

-

-

27
27

•

•

-

-

-

7
7

4
4

10
10

6
4

102
99

14
2

_
-

49
49

-

3
3

2
2

36
36

22
22

39
39

70
70

26
26

-

1
1

-

_
_

27
27

12
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is by in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , C a n to n , O h io , M a y 1972)

Hourly earnings*

Sex, occu pation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —
i
t
$
i
S
t
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0

of
Mean 2 Median2

Middle range

GUARDS AND WA TCHMEN — — ----------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

29A
251

$
3.59
3.87

$
3.92
3.99

$
$
3.28- A . 20
3.6A- A.22

i
$
i
t
S
t
t
$
s
*
*
1
»
*
*
$
2.30 2. A0 2.50 2 . 60 2.70 2 .80 3.00 3.20 3.A0 3.60 3 .80 A . 0 0 A . 2 0 A.A0 A . 60 A . 80

and
under

1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0
HEN

i
2 .2 0

“

-

17

2 .2 0

2.30 2 .A 0 2.50 2.60 2 .70 2.80 3 .0 0

*

15
“

21
*

2

16

6

•

-

-

-

-

17

16

6

“

26
6
20

*

3
3

*

10
2
8
8

16
9
7

A
3
1

-

-

28
21
7
1

1

2
2

2
2

6
6

A

GUARDS

7
7

3e95

+.07

3*69-

T5 A
630
12A
38

3.21
3.37
2 .A 0
3.27

3.3A
3.35
2.17
3.53

3.013.301.792.83-

LABORERS, MATE RI AL H A ND LI NG -----------MA NU FACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------

B35
6A2
193

3.82
3.67
A. 3 A

3.63
3.62
A . 39

3.A1- 3.89
3. A3- 3.68
3.35- 5.55

3.A0
3.A0
3.08
3.61

*
-

7

-

.
-

7
'

59

3.96

*•30

3. 81

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------

100
93

3.75
3.86

3.70
3.73

3.36- A.25
3.53- A.26

-

RECE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

61
AA

3.78
3.76
,

3.85
3.8A

3.38- A.23
3.53- A.08

36
,1

9
8

3
3

A . 39
A . 23
A . 52

A . 32
A . 17
A.A0

3.81- 5.51
3.86- A.9A
3.73- 5 .5 5

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT IUNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------------

52

3.03

3.15

2.39- 3.A8

TRUCKORIVERS, ME DI UM 11-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

231
203

A.A8
A . 63

A . 93
A.9A

3.99- A . 96
A . 91- A . 97

TRUCKORIVERS, HE AV Y (OVER A TONS,
ISP i LLK 1 I* LI
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

397
102

3.88

3.97

3.56- A . 15

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l i f t ) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

639
596

3.68
3.66

3.67
3.65

3.98
3«97

A.0A
4*04

3.95- A.A3
3« 94 4.45

2. A0
2.96
2.08

2.33
3.23
1.83

1.7A— 2.99
2.82- 3.38
1 .6 8 - 2.5A

38
38

-

A

-

1
"

*

190
68
122

A

-

‘

'

6
A
2

51
A8
3
1

30
27
3
1

357
355
2
1

A8
31
17
17

77
70
7
7

15
15

-

2

1A5
101
AA

IA2
1A2

2

257
2A9
8

36
32
A

7

-

-

-

-

3

*

7
2
5

-

1

-

1

'

3.A1- 3.99
3.A2- 3.97

150
145

5

3
2
1

t4

35
TR UC KORIVERS ------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- *
-----------

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------

3
3

A .2 0 A .A0 A. 60 A . 80 o v e r

-

7
7

1

_

A6
A6

3
7

3

37
37

16

60

-

_
-

28
27
1
1

25
25

-

-

1
1

-

-

29
20
9

39
39

30
30

*96

5

1
1

18
18

-

12
12

6

12
5

3
1

2
2

-

5

-

68
68

7
-

4.35

*
-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

10
10

A
A

11
11

27
27

-

A
A

1

-

12

-

-

5

6
6

3
3

12
12

-

6

*
**
t

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 5.40 to $ 5.60.
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4 .80 to $ 5.
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo l lo w s :

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f t a b le s .




A
4

_
-

) 07

2
-

.
-

“
-

-

-

_

-

-

3

-

-

3

7

-

1A

2
2
-

1A

”

-

-

1A

-

-

-

-

-

-

1A

3

30
21
9

-

-

3
-

7

2
2
-

-

7

10

3

9

5A
32
22

10
10
-

121
A7
7A

96
8A
12

3A

9

76
26
50

3A

1
1

A09
3
3 **177
- *232

3

2

9

6

-

9

2

-

-

-

-

-

3

2
2

32
10

A
A

11
11

11
9

-

3

1
-

-

**160
160

25

6

26
26

3A

3

-

12A9
- **17

5

-

-

-

~

2
2

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

-

36
6

9
9

3
3

2
2

8
8

33
33

53
A1

A9
A9

125
125

111
111

96
96

60
60

38
8

22

2

10

2

2

1

2

-

2

-

35
35

A9
47

7

25

4

25

_

_

3

*

-

-

“

26

23

29
29
13
13

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

96

'

£ •9 0 - 4 .5 1

879
A09
A70

-

“

‘

-

3 .3

9
2
7

5

27
27

A1
A1

1
1

3

230
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---- -----------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----------------------

3.20 3.A0 3.60 3.80 A .0 0

27
7
20

17 at $ 4.80 to $ 5; and 232 at $ 5.40 to $ 5.60.

12
12

3

-

9
1

8

5
3

-

5
1

2

-

8
_

8

1
1

1C

2A
18

3
3

32
23

10
10

1
1

-

_

-

-

13

B.

E s t a b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p ro v is io n s

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e

s a l a r ie s

fo r w o m e n

o ff ic e w o r k e r s

(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all in dustries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance sa la r y for selected categories
of inexperienced women o fficew o rk ers, Canton, Ohio, May 1972)
Other inexperienced clerical workers 5

Inexperienced typists

Minimum weekly straight-time salary4

All
schedules

Establishments studied---- ----- —

-

40

___________

88

45

Establishments having a specified minimum______________

26

1
7

_
1
1
2
1
3
2
i
2
1
1
2
2

_
.
1
1
2
2
i
2
1
.
1

_
1
_
1
2
2
i
i
i
-

_

_

2

1

_
i

$ 105.00---------------------------------------$ 110. 00----------------------------- ---------$ 115. 00_____________________________
$ 120, 00------------------------------- .
$ 125. 00---------------------------------------$ 130. 00---------------------------------------$ 135. 00----------------------------------------

2
_
-

2
_
-

2
-

-

-

-

-

_

2
1

2
1

2
1

Establishments having no specified minimum------------------

21

13

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category___________________________________________

41

15

XXX

$60. 00 and
$62. 50 and
$65. 00 and
$ 67. 50 and
$ 70. 00 and
$72.50 and

under
under
under
under
under
under

-----------------------$62. 50
— ---$65. 00---------------------------- ----- ---$67. 50------------------------------------------$70.00------------------------------------------$ 72. 50_______________________________
$ 75. 00--------------------- -------------------

$77.50 and
$ 80. 00 and
$ 82. 50 and
$85.00 and
$87.50 and
$90. 00 and
$92. 50 and
$95.00 and
$ 97. 50 and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 80. 00------------------------------------------$ 82. 50-------- -----------------------------$ 85. 00 -------—
______
$87. 50___ ___
— _ ___ „ __
$ 90. 00_______________________________
$92. 50------------------------------------------$95. 00_______________________________
$ 97. 50_______________________________
$ 100. 00-----------------------------------------

$ 100.00 and
$ 105. 00 and
$ 110. 00 and
$ 115. 00 and
$ 120.00 and
$ 125. 00 and
$ 130. 00 and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under

See footnotes at end o f ta b le s.




XXX

16

f

All
schedules

43

All
schedules

40

88

45

XXX

22

40

XXX

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

All
industries

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

All
industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

All
schedules

43

40

XXX

18

13
_
3
_
2
1
1
1

i
3
2

_
1
_
1
2
3
i
i
i

1
3
_
3
1
1
2
i
i

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
2

3

3

_

_

_

_
_
1

2
_
2
1

2

_

_

9

9

40

.
1
_
2
1

.
1
_
2

_

1
3
1
3
2
3
5
2
4
2

_

1

2
.
2
1

3
2

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
1

2
1

2
1

-

8

XXX

27

17

XXX

10

XXX

26

XXX

21

6

XXX

15

XXX

_

1

_

_

_

_

2
2

_

1

_
1
1
2
3

_
1
1

18

_

_

2
1

_

_
_

_

-




T a b le B - 2 .

S h if t d iffe re n tia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r in g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1972)
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t )

Percent of manufacturing plantworkers—
In establishments having provisions 7
for late shifts

Late-shift pay provision

Second shift

T otal----------------

.

- ----

No pay differential for work on late shift —
———
Pay differential for work on late shift_________

Third or other
shift

9 7 .7

9 0 .7

Actually working on late shifts
Second shift

Third or other
shift

1 9 .1

8.8

3 .2

1.9

0 .8

0.6

9 4 .5

8 8 .9

18.3

8.2

91.1

85.4

18.3

8.2

2.1
1.0
1.2
2.2
6.7
14.7
46.5
7.2

"
2.1
1.2
7.6
6.7
7.8
2.2
8.0
43.1
1.0
29

.3
.1
.5
1.8
4.0

"
.3

Type and amount of differential:
Uniform cents (per hour)._________ _______
4 cents____________ _______________ ___
5 cents______ ___ _ _
—
------ — 6 cents__________
_ ----- _
——
712 cents
/
8 cents___ ____________
— ________
9 cents____ __________ ______________ _
10 cents_______
______ ..
12 cents
13 cents
14 cents
15 cents.
16 cents
18 cents
19 cents..
____ ___
_
30
40 cents

_

__

___
___

___
_ - ---- —
_
_ _ --—
-----.
-- -_
«
_
_ — - -_ -_____ _
_ ----___ _ _ _____
_
rprits„
. ..
.
-pr __
p- _
_ . .....
---Uniform percentage _
_
_ —- -5 percent— _ —
— -- — —
percent___ .. . . .
10 percent___ . .

7 V2

See

fo o t n o t e s

at

en d

...
— —
. ----- — -

o f t a b le s .

1.8
6.0
-

•9
-

8 .1
1 .6
-

.4
1 .3
-

.1
-

1.6
•9
.3
.4

■
9

3.4
( 8)
( 8)
-

.3

.8

1.9
.8

3.4

3.4

-

-

3.4

-

-

-

.4

"

_

3.0

( 8)

15

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t w o r k e r s an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1972)

in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s

Plantworkers
Weekly hours and days

Officeworkers

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

All workers_______________________________

100

100

100

100

Under 32 hours— 5 days-------------------------------32 hours-----------------------------------------------------4 days----------------------------------------------------4 V2 days____________________ ___....________
5 days----------------------------------------------------35 hours— 5 days-----------------------------------------36 hours— 5 days-----------------------------------------Over 36 and under 37 V hours— 5 days_______
2
37 V hours— 5 days-------------------------------------2
38 hours
--------------------------------------------------5 days-----------------------------------------------------5‘ days--------------------------------------------------/j
38 l z hours— 5 days------ ----- —— ---- ---------------J
38s hours— 5 days-------------------------- -----------/«
40 hours— 5 days-----------------------------------------Over 40 and under 45 hours___________________
5 days______________________________________
5 V days---------------------------------------- ------2
45 hours— 6 days______________________________
48 hours— 6 days-----------------------------------------50 hours— 5 days-----------------------------------------55 hours— 5 V days
*
____________
— —

2
6
3
4
3
(9)
1
2
.
79
1
1
(9)
(9)
3
1
1

3
3
-

.
81

S e e fo o t n o t e a t e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

3
91
1
1
2

-

3
4
12

(9)
(9)
(9)
1
4
(’ )
7
3
(9)
3
1
3
80
(9)
(9)
(9)
-

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

1
6
(9)
(9)
2
91
-

_
100
-

16

T a b le B - 4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n u m b er of paid h o lid a y s p ro v id e d an n u ally, Canton, O h io, M a y 1972)

Plantworkers
Item

All workers_______________________________
Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays_________________________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays___________ ___________________

All industries

Manufacturing

Officeworkers
Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

100

100

9
9

100

100

-

-

-

-

_

_

3

(’ )

Number of days
holidays______________________________________
holidays_______ _____________________________
holidays plus 1 or 2 half days ______________
holidays______________________________________
7 holidays plus 2 half days_____________________
8 holidays_______________ -___________-__________
8 holidays plus 1 half day______________________
9 holidays-------------------------- ------------------ —
9 holidays plus 1 half day_
------ ---------------9 holidays plus 2 half days_____________________
10 holidays______________—
_____________________
11 holidays_____________________________________
12 holidays_____________________________________
13 holidays---------------------------------------------------3
6
6
7

1
9
2
4
2

19

34
1
2
16

4
2
1

6
2
4
2
9
-

44
1
2
18
5
3
1

7

65

-

(9 )
13
1

5
2
29
1
23

35
18

(9 )
29
“

5
1
5

-

23
2
1
1

4

(9 )
"
27
4
1
1

1

38

61

”

Total holiday time 1
0
13 days________________________________ ________
12 days or m ore_______________________________
11 days or m ore-------------------------------------------10 days or m ore_______________________________
9 l days or more______________________________
/2

9 days or more_________________________________
8 V2 days or more______________________________
8 days or more_________________________________
7 days or more---------------------------------------------6 V2 days or more------------------------------------------6 days or more_________________________________
3 days or more_________________________________

See footnotes at end of t a b le s .




l
3
7
25
26
60
60

80

1

-

5

-

10
30
31

76
76

86

88
93

87

94

96

97

10 0
10 0

29
29
29
29
93
93
93
10 0
10 0

1
1

4
26
26

49
50
81
86
86
98

99

1
2
6

33
33

51
51
89
95
95
10 0
10 0

61
61
61
61

99
99
99
10 0
10 0

17

T a b le B -5 .

P aid vac a tio n s

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of p la n tw o rk e rs and o f fic e w o r k e r 3 in a l l in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a catio n p ay p r o v is io n s , Canton, O h io, M a y 1972)

O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers
Vacation policy

All w o rk ers------------------

All industries

--------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
72
28

100
65
35

100
100

99
99
1

100
100

100
100

“

(’ )

-

3
34
39

3
34
49

42

(9)
14
85

39
61
-

1

7
92
"
2

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacation s_____. ___ ____________ _____ _
_
Length-of-tim e payment - ___
...
P ercentage payment-----------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacation s___________________ _____ —

(’ )

“

Amount of vacation pay 1
1
A fter 6 months of serv ice
Under 1 week------------------------------------------1 week__________________________________ ___
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_
_
- - _
_

28
5
7

34
4
8

13

(’ )
80
2
14
2
-

80
3
15
2

74
26
-

60
8
29
2
-

66
11
21
2
-

19
81
-

4
89
6
1

2
86
10
2

6
94
-

11
5
72
11
-

11
7
68
14
-

.
4
96
-

1
90
7
2

1
84
12
3

100
-

10
4
75
11
1

9
5
71
14
1

4
96
-

1
89
7
3

1
83
12
5

2
2
72
10
13

3
73
12
13

A fter 1 year of serv ice
Under 1 week__________________
. ______ _
_
1 week_______ ______ _________—______ _
_
_
_
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s_______ _______ __
2 weeks ______
___ __ _____
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _____ ______ ___
3 weeks __________ - - __
A fter 2 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week________
— _ —
----------Over 1 and under 2 weeks _______ ____ ______
2 weeks
. .. „ .
_________
, ____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks — ______ _____ _____
_
3 weeks ____ — _ After 3 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week __________ __________ _ —
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s______ ___
2 weeks __ ___________ _____
______ _
_
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s__________ ____
3 w e e k s--------------------------------------------------

_

A fter 4 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week.
Over 1 and under 2 weeks . _ _________________
2 weeks
_________ ____ ____ _ . . . ____
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s_________ ___________
3 w e e k s.. __________
_____
...
. _
_

_
_
100

_
-

After 5 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week_____ ________ _____
_.
__ .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ __________________
2 weeks _____________ .__ _ _____________ __
_
_
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s___ _________ ___
3 w e e k s_______ _________________ .___________
See footnotes at end of ta b le s.




_

_
-

100
-

‘

(’ )
84
9
7

_
-

78
14
9

.

_
100
_
“

18

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s -----C o n tin u ed

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of plant-w orkers and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay p r o v is io n s , Canton, O hio, M a y 1972)

O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers
Vacation policy
I

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay 11— Continued
After 10 y e a rs of serv ice

1 week
2 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s____________________
3 weeks _ ___ _ --------------------------- -----Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s____________ _____
4 w e e k s------------- _--- _---------------- -- --------

2
9
2
72
10
5

8
2
70
14
6

4
96
-

(9)
18
(9)
72
8
2

8
1
75
13
3

6
94
-

2
8
1
72
12
5

7
(9)
71
15
6

100
-

(9)
17
73
9
2

7
76
14
3

(9)

2
2
58
8
25
2
3

1
57
10
25
2
4

_
88
12
-

2
2
39
3
29
2
19
3

1
46
4
23
2
20
4

7
93
-

2

1
10
4
44

7
33
60
-

After 12 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week________ „ ____
___________________
2 w eek s______________ ______ ______ ______
_
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s____________________
3 w e e k s_________ , ■ , —
____ ________ _______
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s---------- ---------------4 w e e k s __ __
_____ . . .

99
-

After 15 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week__________ ______
_ --- ----- ---2 w eeks____________ ________ _________ _______
3 w e e k s__________________ — ------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s-------------------------4 wppks ____
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s____________________
5 w e e k s------------------ --------- ------ ---

(9)

6
71
2
21
1

_
1
68
2
28
1

_
( 9)

99

-

After 20 y e a rs of service
1 week________________ ____ ___ __________
2 w eek s_________ ________________________ ___
3 wpp I
cs _ _
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s__________—
----------4 w eeks____________ ________ ______________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks _ ----------------------5 w eek s__________ _____________ _______ —
6 weeks _ _______________ _ _______ _ _

(9)

6
32
1
47
13
1

_
1
36
2
39
21
2

_
( 9)

1
99
-

After 25 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week______________________________ _____—
2 w e e k s. ________________ ___ _
_
_______
3 weeks
„
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s____________________
4 w e e k s______ __ _______ _______________ ____
_
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s____________ _____
5 w eek s________________________________ _____
Over 5 and under 6 weeks .. ________________
6 w eek s_____________________ _ ------- — _

See footnotes at end of ta b le s .




2
11
3
40
2
33

2
3

2

31
3
4

( 9)

6
14
48
1
25

6
1

_
1
6
54
29
10

2

_
( 9)

1
28
71
-

19

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of p la n tw o rk e rs and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay p r o v is io n s , Canton, Ohio, M ay 1972)

Plantworkers
Vacation policy

All industries

Manufacturing

Officeworkers
Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay 1 --- Continued
1
After 30 years of service

1 week_____________ _ __ ___
2 weeks___________________ _

— ____ __
___ — _ ___
3 weeks______________ __ _________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks__________ _________
4 weeks _ -------- ------------ ------ -----------------—
Over 4 and under 5 weeks---------- ----------------5 weeks_______ _______
_
----------------Over 5 and under 6 weeks________
— ------6 weeks---------------------------------------------------------

2
2
11

1
0

3
40

4
44

i

2

2

30

26
3

2
7

3
-

21

76
-

(’ )

6

14
44
26

6

1
0

5

1
6

53
-

23

1
0
8

(’ )

1

9
-

90
-

-

Maximum vacation available

1 week___________ ___________________________ - .
2 weeks___________

_________

—

_______________________

___
weeks________________________ - ___ _________ _
---------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ----------3

4

w p p

Vs

6

w e e k s — ----------------------------- ------------------------------—

See

fo o tn o te s




1
10

at

en d

o f t a b le s .

3

4

40

_

Over 4 and under 5 weeks _______________ __________ _
5 weeks ___________________________
__
________ _
Over 5 and under 6 weeks ------------- — --------- — -----------6 weeks ------------- ------- --- ------------------- ----------------- -—
O v e r

2

2
11

44

2
30

2
7

2

26
3

10

n

-

6

3

14

-

-

21
-

76
“
“

44

-

25

6

5
1

1

6

(’ )
1

-

-

53

9

-

23
10
8

-

90
-

20

T a b le B - 6 .

H e a lt h , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Canton, Ohio, May 1972)*
Plantworkers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
2

A ll w orkers_______________________________
Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below___________
Life insurance________________
____ - —
Noncontributory plans___________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance —------- ------------------------------ ----- —
Noncontributory plans___________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 1 _____________________
3

All industries

Manufacturing

Officeworkers
Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

99

100

100

96
83

100

100

100

100

89

70

96
70

84

45

56
54

55
55

71
67

50
31

46
33

39
38

93

97

73

95

97

92

Sickness and accident insurance________
Noncontributory plans________________
Sick leave (full pay and no
w a i t i n g period)___ — _
_ _ — -------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)_______ —----------------------

82
79

93
91

1
9
15

62
53

77
75

7
5
76

Long-term disability insurance____________
Noncontributory plans___________________
Hospitalization insurance___________________
Non contributory plans___________________
Surgical insurance-----------------------------------Noncontributory plans--------------------------Medical insurance------------------------------------Noncontributory plans...------ ----------------Major medical insurance--------------------------Noncontributory plans--------------------------Dental insurance— __________________________
Noncontributory plans--------------------------Retirement pension— —-----------------------------Non contributory plans— ------------------------

5

2

1
3

59

52

7

2

41

4

1

1
5

7

5
5

32
18

32
1
9
95
87
95
87
83
75

1
3
13

57
15

6
94
83
93
82
79
70
67
59
7

6

89
85

100
91
98
90
81
76
67
64
(! )
(’ )
96
95

100
81

100
81
96
81
84
69
“
73
55

86
73

2
1

96
74

100

100

97
99
97
81
77
82
76
(’ )
(’ )
99

80

100
80
99
80
94
74
"
82
40

86

See footnotes at end of tables.




*

21
F o o tn o te s
A l l o f th e s e

s ta n d a rd f o o t n o t e s m a y not a p p ly to th is b u ll e tin .

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
at r e g u l a r an d/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y h o u rs.
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te shown.
The m iddle
r a n g e is d e fi n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a f o u r th e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r rate .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and , f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la t e s h if ts .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s ta r ti n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e p aid f o r s ta n dard
workw eeks.
s E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s tan da rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
Inc lu d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h if ts , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h i f t s , e v e n though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h ifts .
8
L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d a y s that add to the s a m e am ou nt a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
0
t o t a l o f 9 d ay s in c lu d e s th o s e w i t h 9 f u l l d a y s and no h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d ays and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l days and 4 h a l f d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
th en w e r e cu m u la te d .
1 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e qu iv a le n t
1
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s p ay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , the ch an ge s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c lu d e ch an ge s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p lans f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
2
p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly th os e p la ns f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
1 U n d u p lic a t ed t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e sho wn s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e plans a r e
3
l i m i t e d to th o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c t e d b y eac h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s ick
l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e xc lu d e d .







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A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r i p t i o n s

The p rim ary purpose of preparing job d escrip tion s for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem en ts from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s represen ting com parable job content. B ecau se of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in tera re a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job d escrip tion s m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those p rep ared for other p u rp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u re au 's field econom ists a re instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le a r n e r s; beginners; tra in e e s; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w ork ers.

O

F

I

C

E

C LER K , ACCOUNTING—Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem en ts, b ills, and invoices on a m achine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping ch arges or perform other
cle ric al work incidental to billing operations. F o r wage study p urp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
cla ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B ille r, machine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from custom ers' purchase o r d e r s, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ece ssa ry extension s, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and to tals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
[bookkeeping machine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
B ille r, machine 1
a typew riter keyboard'j to prepare cu sto m e rs1 b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally involves the sim ultaneous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of v ertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or cred it balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and cred it slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran sactio n s.
C la ss A . Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in b asic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articu lar accounting system
used. D eterm ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B . Keeps a record of one or m ore p h ases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under b iller,
m achine), co st distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of trial balances and p rep are control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al ta sk s such as posting to re g is te rs and le d g e rs;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib e d accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for c le ric al accuracy variou s types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or a ssistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractice s and procedures
which re late s to the c le ric a l p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
prin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




F

P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Under general supervision , perform s accounting c le ric a l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, c le rically p rocessin g com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and cla ssific a tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ss is te d by one or m ore
c la s s B accounting cle rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision , following detailed instructions and standardized p ro ­
cedu res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting c le ric a l operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, c a rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
c le arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive record s
or accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib e d accounting codes.
C LER K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and retrie v e s m ate rial in an establish ed filing system . May perform
c le ric a l and manual ta sk s required to m aintain file s. P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m ate rial such a s correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s . May a lso file this m ate rial. May keep reco rd s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file c le rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, cod es, and file s u n classified m ate rial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly c la ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-r e fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates cle arly identified m ate rial in files and fo r ­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to m aintain and service file s.
C la ss C . P erfo rm s routine filing of m ate rial that has already been c la ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l cla ssifica tio n system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or n um erical). As requested, locates readily available m ate rial in file s and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple c le ric a l and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice file s.
C L E R K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd e rs for m ate rial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or p erson ally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p rice s to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to m ake up the ord er; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departm ents to be filled . May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine cred it rating o( custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from cu stom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled, keep file of ord e rs received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LER K , PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e c e ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production record s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such a s w ork er's name, working
day s, tim e, rate , deductions for in suran ce, and total w ages due. May m ake out paychecks and
a s s is t pay m aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for o ile rs and plum bers.

23

24
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

P rim ary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athem atical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistic al or other type of clerk, which m ay involve fr e ­
quent use of a Com ptometer but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.

NOTE: The term "corp orate o fficer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe r s to
those o fficials who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activ ities. The title "vice p re sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice presiden ts whose prim ary resp on sibility is to act p e r­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or cred it actions;
adm inister individual tru st accounts; directly sup ervise a cle ric al staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e rs" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O perates a keypunch m achine to record or verify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating card s or on tape.
Positions a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selecting p ro ce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a v ariety of source documents. On occasion m ay also perform som e routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p erators.
C la ss B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision o r following specific
procedures or instruction s, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R efers to su p ervisor
problem s arisin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s variou s routine duties such as running e rran d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such a s s e a le r s or m a ile r s, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle ric al work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned a s p erson al se c re tary , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the su p ervisor. Works fa irly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le ric a l and se c re ta ria l
duties, usually including m ost of the following:
a. R eceives telephone c a lls , person al c a lle rs , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine in­
q u irie s, and routes technical inquiries to the proper p erson s;
b.

E sta b lish e s, m aintains, and r e v ise s the su p e rv iso r's files;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed;

d.

R elays m e s s a g e s from su p erv iso r to subordinates;

e. Review s correspondence, m em orandum s, and reports prepared by others for the
su p e rv iso r's signature to a ssu r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

May a lso perform other c le ric al and se c re ta ria l task s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and procedures related to the work of the su p ervisor.
Exclusions
Exam ples

a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" se cre tary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in se c re ta ria l type duties;

c. Stenographers serving a s office a ssista n ts to a group of p rofession al, technical, or
m an agerial p erso n s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or sub­
stantially m ore com plex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
e. A ssistan t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry, or specialized c le ric al duties which are not typical of
s e c re ta ria l work.




1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5, 000 but fewer-than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecretary to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su bsid iary of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss B
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
all, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
co rpo rate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, rese arch , operations, in dustrial r e la ­
tions, etc.) o r a m ajor geographic or organizational segm ent (e .g ., a region al headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s: or
5. S ecre tary to the head of a large and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a m iddle
m anagem ent su p erv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving a s many a s se v e ral
hundred person s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss C
1. S ecre tary to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for c la ss B , but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev eral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
2. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

Not a ll positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s se s s the above ch a ra c te ristic s.
of positions which a re excluded from the definition are as follows:

C la ss A

1. S ecre tary to the su p ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); o r
2. S ecretary to a n onsupervisory staff sp e cia list, p rofession al em ployee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies a ssig n
sten ographers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s a s described above, to this level of sup ervisory or
n onsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in gs, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, General).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a se cre tary in that a secre tary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m an ager or executive and perform s m ore
respon sible and discretion ary task s as described in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s, keep sim ple reco rd s,
or perform other relatively routine cle ric al ta sk s.

25
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a v aried technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal b riefs
or rep o rts on scien tific re se a rc h . May a lso set up and m aintain file s , keep r e c o rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g rea ter independence and resp on ­
sibility than sten ographer, gen eral, a s evidenced by the following: Work req u ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general bu sin ess
and office procedure: and of the sp ecific bu sin ess operations, organization, p o licie s, p ro ce ­
d u res, file s , workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric a l ta sk s such a s m aintaining followup file s; assem bling m ate rial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte r s; com posing sim ple le tte rs from general in struction s; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine q uestions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . P erfo rm s full telephone inform ation serv ice or handles
com plex c a lls , such a s conference, co llect, o v e rse a s, or sim ila r c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work a s d escribed for switchboard o p erator, c la ss B, or a s a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. ( "F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ic e o ccu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that a re not read ily understandable for telephone information p u rp o ses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la s s B . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls . May handle routine long distance c a lls and record to lls.
May perform lim ited telephone information se rv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent serv ice d are readily understandable for telephone
inform ation p u rp o ses, or if the req u ests a re routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
sp ecific nam es are furnished, or if com plex c alls a re re ferre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard op erators in telephone com panies who
a s s is t cu sto m ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, a c ts a s receptionist and m ay a lso type or perform routine c le rical work a s part of regu lar
duties. This typing or c le ric a l work m ay take the m ajo r p art of this w ork er's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such as the tabulator, calcu lator, collator, in ter­
p rete r, so rte r , reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition a re working su p e rv iso rs.
A lso excluded a re o p erato rs of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay a lso operate
EAM equipment.

P osition s are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la s s A. P erfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new op erators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring respon sibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
stru ction s. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g rep orts or p arts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep o rts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or ele ctrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by c la s s C o p e rato rs. May be required to do som e wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in b asic machine operations.
C la s s C. Under sp ecific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. A ssignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from
tran scribing-m achine reco rd s. May a lso type from written copy and do sim ple c le rical work.
W orkers tran scrib in g dictation involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as
legal b rie fs or rep orts on scien tific re se arc h are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is c la ssifie d a s a stenographer.
TYPIST
U se s a typew riter to m ake copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been m ade by another person . May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
r ia ls for use in duplicating p ro c e s s e s . May do cle ric al work involving little sp ecial training, such
a s keeping sim ple re co rd s, filing reco rd s and rep o rts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
C la ss A. P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m ate rial from sev e ral so u rces; or respon sibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to m aintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte r s, varying details to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
d rafts; or routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tab les already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and o p erates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro c e ss data according
to ope rating in str u c tio n s , usually p rep ared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies in struction s to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , c a rd s, etc.); sw itches n e c e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta r ts
and op erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to com puter to c o rre ct operating problem s and m eet
sp ecia l conditions; review s e r r o r s m ade during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p e rv iso r or p ro g ram er; and m aintains operating r e c o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correctin g
p rogram .
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, com puter o p erato rs a re c la ssifie d a s follows:
C la s s A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m o st of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents a re of c ritic a l im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro g ram s a re of com plex design so that identification of e rro r source often requ ires a
working knowledge of the total p ro gram , and alternate p rogram s m ay not be available. May
give d irection and guidance to lower level o p e rato rs.
C la ss B . O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro g ram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: M ost of the p rogram s are established
production run s, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p ro g ram s required; alternate p ro g ram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a­
tions, diagn oses cause and tak es corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed co rrectiv e step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rogram s or segm ents of p rogram s
with the c h a ra c te ristic s d escribed for c la s s A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. U sually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from ch arts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p recise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

26
CO M PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs:
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters
programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing employees, or programers prim arily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Program s (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level programer by independently p er­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application o f standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to ve rify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LY ST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in tria l runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall
operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programing should be clas­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problems.
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems in­
volving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (F or example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




COM PUTER

S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, i f
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problem s are of limited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for
class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system.
Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example,
may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities o f m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work is closely supervised
during progress.
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or systems by performing one or more
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the performance of most or all of the following tasks: Assembling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.

27
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

Electronic equipment or systems worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications systems, relay systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; ele c­
tronic computers; m issile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and medical
measuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to i l l or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving firs t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and ca rry ­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production assem blers and testers, craftsmen, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)
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CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in sin estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of elec­
trical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers,
motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and r e frig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by workers on a full-tim e basis.
M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is­
assembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various
assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles in auto­
mobile repair shops.
MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work normally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAIN TER , MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

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P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

up and operating all available types o f sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

P IP E F ITTE R , MAINTENANCE
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines: threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems are excluded.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs,' fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves most of the following; Planning and
laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker’ s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types-of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting
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For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.
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PACKER, SHIPPING— Continued

Guard. Perform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arms or fo rce where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of employees and other persons entering.

and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to
prevent breakage or damage: closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
premises of an office, apartment house, or comm ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fix ­
tures or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves; A knowledge o f shipping pro­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and file s.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

LABORER, M A TE R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehouseman or warehouse helper)

shelver; trucker;

stockman or stock helper;

TRUCKDRIVER

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight ca rs, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.

ORDER F ILLE R

follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders fo r finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra cto r-tra iler should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires
the placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F or wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

M

E

N

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u rv e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r use in a d m in is te rin g the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile su p p lies la s t fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

C o p ie s o f public r e le a s e s a re

L ared o , T ex.
L as V ega s, N ev.
L e x in g to n , K y .
L o w e r E a s te rn S h ore, Md.—V a .
M acon , Ga.
M a rq u e tte , E sca n ab a, Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M e rid ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M onm outh, O cean and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e ry , A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N ew London— roton — o rw ic h , Conn.
G
N
N o r th e a s te r n M ain e
O gden, Utah
O rlan d o, F la .
O xnard— en tu ra, C a lif.
V
P an am a C ity , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o rts m o u th , N.H .—M aine—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C olo.
R en o, N ev .
S a cra m en to , C a lif.
Santa B a rb a r a , C a lif.
S h re v e p o rt, L a .
S p r in g fie ld —C h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e , M a s s .—Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
T op ek a , K an s.
T u cson , A r i z .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C a lif.
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
W ilm in gto n ,- D e l —N .J.—M d.

A la s k a
A lb a n y, Ga.
A lp e n a , Standish, and T aw as C ity , M ich .
A m a r illo , T e x .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A ugusta, G a —S.C .
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s fie ld , C a lif.
Baton R ou ge, L a .
B ilo x i, G u lfp ort, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B rid g e p o rt, N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , Conn.
C h a rle sto n , S.C .
C la r k s v ille , T en n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y .
C o lo ra d o S p rin g s, C o lo .
C olu m b ia, S.C.
C olum bus, Ga.—A la .
C ra n e , Ind.
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , Minn.—W is .
S
D urham , N .C .
E l Paso, T ex.
E ugen e, O r e g .
F a r g o — oo rh ea d , N . Dak.—M inn.
M
F a y e tt e v ille , N .C .
F itch b u rg—L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t Sm ith, A r k .—O kla.
F r e d e r ic k —H a g ersto w n , M d.—P a .—W. Va.
G rea t F a lls , M ont.
G r e e n s b o ro — inston S a lem — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r ris b u r g , P a .
H u n ts ville , A la .
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

T h e tw e lfth annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r accoun tan ts, a u d ito rs , c h ie f accountants, a tto r n e y s , jo b a n a lys ts , d ir e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l,
b u y e rs , c h e m is ts , e n g in e e rs , e n g in e e rin g te c h n icia n s , d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s . O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1742, N ation al
S u rv e y o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1971, s e v e n ty - fiv e cents a cop y, fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ash ington , D .C ., 20402, o r any o f its re g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s .




☆

U.

S.

G O V E R N M E N T

P R IN T IN G

O FFIC E:

1972 - 746 - 182/13




'

'

•

A r e a W a g e Surv ey s
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y o f a re a w age studies in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d studies conducted at the req u e st
o f the E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in is tr a tio n o f the D ep artm en t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on req u e st. B u lletin s m a y be p u rch ased fr o m the Superintendent
o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402, o r fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l sa les o ffic e s shown on the in sid e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, July 1971 1 __________________________________
Albany^-Schenectady—T r o y , N .Y ., M a r. 1972--------------A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., M a r. 1972 1 ______________________
A lle n to w n —B eth leh em —E aston, P a.—N .J ., M a y 1.971----___________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1972 1
B a ltim o r e , M d ., A u g. 1971---------------------------------------Beaum ont—P o r t A rth u r— ra n g e, T e x ., M ay 1972-------O
B ingham ton, N .Y ., July 1971 1____________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1972____________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1971______________________________
B oston, M a s s ., A u g. 1971__________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1971............... ................................... — B u rlin gton , V t., D ec. 1971-----------------------------------------Canton, O hio, M ay 1972 1 ------------------------------------------C h a rle sto n , W. V a . , M a r . 1972 1-------------------------------C h a rlo tte , N .C ., Jan. 1972 1. . . _______ ______________ ..._____
C hattanooga, Tenn.—G a., Sept. 1971---------------------------C h ica g o, III ., June 1971 1 _________________________________
C in cin n ati, O h io -K y .—In d ., F eb . 1972-------------------------C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1971_______________________________
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1971---------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1971_______________ ____________________
D aven p ort—R ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—III., F eb . 1972 1
M
—
Dayton, O hio, D ec. 1971 1_________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1971 1 ________________________________
D es M o in e s , Iow a, M ay 1971-------------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., F eb . 1972._________________________________
D urham , N .C ., A p r . 1972 1 ________________________________
F o r t L au d e rd a le — o lly w o o d and W est P a lm
H
B each , F la ., A p r . 1972 1 _________________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1971...............................................
G reen B ay, W is ., July 1971_______________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1972________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., A p r . 1972_________________________________
H u n ts v ille , A la ., F e b ru a ry 1972 1 -----------------------------In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O ct. 1971 -------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D ec. 1971_____________________________
K ansas C ity , M o.— a n s ., Sept. 1971 --------------------------K
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a ss.—N .H ., June 1971------------L it t le R ock—N orth L it t le R ock , A r k ., July 1971 ---------L o s A n g e le s —L on g Beach and A n aheim —Santa A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., M a r. 1972_______________________
L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., N ov. 1971 1 ------------------------------Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1972 1
---------------------------------------M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., July 1971-------------------------------------M e m p h is , T e n n —A r k ., N o v . 1971 1----------------------------M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1 9 7 1 -______ ___________________________
M idland and O d e ss a , T e x ., Jan. 1972 1----------------------M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M ay 1971 ---------------------------------------

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59i
1685-75,
1725-77,
1725-16,
1725-69,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1685-70,
1725-68,
1725-64,

40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
45 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
30 cents

1725-74,
1725-21,
1725-3,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725- 18,
1685-83,
1725-4,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1685-76,

45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents

* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.



A rea
M in n ea p o lis—St. P a u l, M inn ., Jan.1972 1----------------------M uskegon— uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., June 1971________
M
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1972 1______________
N ew H aven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 ____________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., Jan. 1972_______________________________
N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A p r . 1971________________________________
N o rfo lk —P o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
Ham pton, V a., Jan. 1972_________________________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., July 1971 1________________________
Om aha, N eb r.—Iow a, Sept. 1971 1 _________________________
P a te r s o n -C lifto n —P a s s a ic , N .J ., June1971_______________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a.—N .J ., N o v . 1971 1----------------------------P h o en ix, A r i z . , June 1971_____________________ _________ __
P itts b u rgh , P a ., Jan. 1972_________________________________
P o rtla n d , M ain e, N ov. 1971 1 ______________________________
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash ., M ay 1971________________________
P ou g h k eep sie— in gston —N ew b u rg h ,
K
N .Y . (to be s u rv e y e d in 1972)
P ro v id e n c e —P aw tu cket—W a rw ic k , R .I.—M a s s .,
M ay 1972______________________________________________ ______
R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1971.................................................... .
R ichm ond, V a., M a r . 1972 1_______________________________
R o c h e s te r , N .Y . (o ffic e occu pations o n ly ), July 1971 1___
R o c k fo r d , 111., M ay 1971--------------------------------------------St. L o u is , M o.—III., M a r . 1972_____________________________
Salt L ak e C ity , Utah, N ov. 1971___________________________
San A n ton io, T e x ., M ay 1972_______________________________
San B ern a rd in o — iv e r s id e —O n ta r io , C a lif.,
R
D ec. 1971____________________ ________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1971 1 _____________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., O ct. 1 971*_______________
San J o se, C a lif., M a r. 1972_______________________________
Savannah, Ga., M ay 1972 1------------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1971___________________________________
S eattle—E v e r e tt, W ash., Jan. 1972----------------------- ------Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., D ec. 1971_____ ____ ________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1972 1---------------- --------------------Spokane, W ash., June 1971________________________________
S y ra c u s e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 __________ _ __________________
_
Tam pa—St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., N ov. 1971 1 _________________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., A p r . 1972 1--------------------- ------ ----T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1971__________________ ________________
Utica—R o m e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 ____________________________
W ashington, D .C .—M d.—V a ., A p r . 1971.______ ___________
W a te rb u ry, Conn., M a r. 1972 -----------------------------------W a te rlo o , Iow a, N o v . 1971_________________________________
W ich ita, K an s., A p r . 1971_________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1972 1 ___,------------------------------Y o rk , P a ., F eb . 1972 1_________________ __________ _________
Y o u n g s to w n -W a rre n , O hio, N ov. 1971 1------ ----- —...........

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e
1725-45,
1685-82,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

50 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
65 cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1725-70,
1725-5,
1725-72,
1725-7,
1685-79,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1725-67,

30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1685-88,
1725- 10,
1725-31,
1725-78,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

FIRST CLASS M AIL

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS

PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102