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Dayton & ^ontgomeiy, pflt
Pufeljg Library '

A.U&24197?

D C M J COLLECTION
O U fN

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e P h ila d e lp h ia , P e n n s y l v a n i a —N e w J e rs e y ,
M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a , N o v e m b e r 1971

B u lletin 1 7 2 5 -6 2
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

Region II
151 5 Broadway, Suite 3400
New York, N .Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square'Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia. Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

• •




Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 6 2
J u ly 1 9 7 2

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S TATISTIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e P h ila d e lp h ia , P e n n s y l v a n i a —N e w J e rs e y , M e tr o p o lita n A r e a , N o v e m b e r 1971
CO NTEN TS
Page

1.
5.

In trodu ction
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s

T a b les:
E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y and n u m ber studied
In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l
g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
O ccu p a tion a l e a rn in g s:
A -l.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— en and w om en
m
A - l a . O ffic e occu p a tio n s—la r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts— en and w om en
m
A -2 .
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o ccu p a tio n s— en and w om en
m
A -2 a . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tion s—la r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts— en and w om en
m
A -3 .
O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s—m en and w om en co m b in e d
A -3 a . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o ccu p a tio n s—la r g e esta b lis h m e n ts— en and w om en co m b in e d
m
A -4 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t occu p a tio n s
A -4 a . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t occu p a tio n s— r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts
la
A -5 .
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o ccu p a tio n s
A -5 a . C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t occu p a tio n s—la r g e esta b lis h m e n ts

B.

6.

1,
2.

A.

4.

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :
B -l.
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w eek ly h o u rs and days
B -4 . P aid h olid a y s
B -5 . P aid v a ca tio n s
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p en sion plans

7.
12 .
15.
17.
19.

21.
22.

24.
25.
27.

29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
36.

39. A pp en d ix.

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s

T a b le s p re se n tin g o c cu p a tio n a l w age and s a la r y data fo r m a n u fa ctu rin g by the a r e a b r e a k -o u ts o f 3 in n er cou n ties and 5
ou ter co u n tie s , ap p ea rin g in p r io r b u lle tin s, a r e not in clu d ed th is y e a r . H o w e v e r , th e se data w ill be m a d e a v a ila b le in a
su bsequ en t r e p o rt th rough the B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s R e g io n a l O ffice in P h ila d elp h ia . (See in sid e fron t c o v e r fo r a d d r e s s .)




For sale by th e Superin ten d en t o f D ocum ents, U ,S. G o vern m en t Printing O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 — Price 5 0 cents

Preface
The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
tion a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s is d esig n ed to p r o v id e data
on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ­
ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u stry
d iv is io n f o r ea ch o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r
the U nited S ta tes. A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is the n eed
fo r g r e a te r in sigh t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w ages by o c cu p a tio n a l
c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s tru c tu re and le v e l o f w a g es am ong
a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .
A t the end o f ea ch s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lletin p r e ­
sen ts the r e s u lt s . A ft e r c o m p le tio n o f a ll in div idu al a r e a b u lletin s
f o r a round o f s u r v e y s , tw o su m m a ry b u lletin s a r e is s u e d . T h e fir s t
b r in g s data fo r ea ch o f the m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s stud ied into one b u lletin .
The se c o n d p r e s e n ts in fo rm a tio n w h ich has b een p r o je c t e d fr o m in ­
d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lita n a r e a data to r e la te to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and the
U n ited S tates.
N in e ty -fo u r a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m . In
ea ch a r e a , in fo r m a tio n on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d annually
and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s
b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the su rv e y in P h ila d elp h ia ,
P a.—N .J ., in N o v e m b e r 1971.
T h e Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l
A r e a , as d e fin e d by the O ffic e o f M an agem en t and B u dget (fo r m e r ly
the B u rea u o f the B u dget) th rou gh Janu ary 1968, c o n s is t s o f th ree
in n er c o u n tie s o f D e la w a re and P h ila d elp h ia C ou n ties, P a ., and
C am den C ounty, N .J .; and fiv e ou ter co u n tie s o f B u c k s , C h e s t e r , and
M o n tg o m e ry C o u n tie s , P a ., and B u rlin gton and G lo u c e s te r C o u n tie s ,
N .J.
T h is study w as co n d u cte d by the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a ., u nder the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f Irw in L . F e ig e n b a u m ,
A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r O p e ra tio n s.




N o te :
S im ila r r e p o r t s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er a r e a s .
b a ck c o v e r .)

(See in sid e

C u rren t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and su p p lem en ­
ta ry w age p r o v is io n s in the P h ila d elp h ia a re a a r e a ls o a v a ila ­
b le fo r can dy and oth er c o n fe c tio n e r y p r o d u c ts (August 1970);
m a c h in e r y (A p r il 1971); paints and v a r n is h e s (N ov em b er 1970);
w o m e n 's and m i s s e s ' co a ts and su its (A u gu st 1970); w o o l
te x tile s (A ugust 1971); and la u n dry and d ry clea n in g o ccu p a tio n s
(N o v e m b e r 1971). U nion w ag e r a t e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p re v a ilin g pay
le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r b u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; lo c a l tra n sit op era tin g e m p lo y e e s ; lo c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s ; and
g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .

In tro d u c tio n
This a r e a is 1 o f 94 in w hich the U.S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r ' s
Bu reau o f L a b o r Statistics c on d u c ts s u r v e y s o f oc cu p a t io n a l earn ings
and r e la t e d ben efits on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In this a r e a , data w e r e o b ­
ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u r ea u fie ld e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s within six b r o a d in du stry d i v i s i o n s :
M anufacturin g;
t r a n s p o r t a tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r publi c u tilities ; w h o le s a le
tr a d e; r eta il trad e; fin an ce, in s u r a n c e , and r ea l estate; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in du stry g rou p s e x clu d e d f r o m th ese studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s . E s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts having f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted
b e c a u s e they tend to furn ish in su ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s
studied to w arra nt in c lu s io n .
Separate tabula tions a r e p r o v i d e d fo r
eac h o f the b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t pu blica tion c r i t e r i a .

O cc u p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea r n in g s data are shown fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w eek ly sch edule.
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and for w ork on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
N on production bonuses ar e e x ­
c lu d ed , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l lo w a n c e s and in cen tive earnin gs ar e in ­
clu d ed . W here w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a tion s, r e f e r e n c e is to the standard w o rk w e e k (rounded to the n earest
half hour) f o r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u la r st ra ig h t -tim e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e arn in g s f o r th ese o c cu p a t io n s have been
rounded to the n e a r e s t half d o ll a r .

T h e s e su r v e y s a r e c on d u c ted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su r v ey in g all e s t a b lis h m e n t s . To
obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of
l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is studied. In c o m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , all es t a b lis h m e n t s a r e giv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia te weight. E s t i ­
m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s studied a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as rela tin g to all es t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u str y grou pin g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th ose b elow the m i n im u m s i z e studied.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the le v e l of o c cu p a t io n a l earnin gs in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r ti m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in dividual occu pation al
a v e r a g e s o v e r ti m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e ct e d wage c ha ng es.
The
a v e r a g e s fo r indiv idual jo b s a r e a ffe c te d by changes in w ages and
e m p lo y m e n t p a tter n s. F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p loy ed
by h ig h- o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
ad va nce to b e t te r jo b s and be r e p la c e d by new w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
Such shifts in e m p lo y m e n t cou ld d e c r e a s e an o c cu p a tion a l av e r a g e even
though m o s t es t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w ages during the y e a r .
T r e n d s in ea r n in g s o f o c cu p a t io n a l g r o u p s , shown in table 2, are
better in d ic a t o r s o f wage tren ds than in dividual jo b s within the g rou p s.

O cc u p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r iety
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and nonm an ufa cturin g in d u s t r ie s , and ar e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten an ce and pow erp lan t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccup ationa l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take a c c o u n t o f in te r e s t a b l is h m e n t v ariation
in du ties within the sa m e jo b .
The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d for study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the appendix. U n less o t h e r w is e in dicated,
the ea r n in g s data fo llow in g the j o b titles a r e f o r all in d u s tr ie s c o m ­
bined. E a rn in gs data f o r s o m e of the o c c u p a t io n s lis te d and d e s c r i b e d ,
o r f o r s o m e in du stry d iv is io n s within o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d
in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e ith er (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a ­
tion is too sm a ll to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e se n ta tio n , or
(2) th e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in div id ual est a b lis h m e n t data.
E a rn in g s data not shown se p a r a t e l y f o r in du stry d iv is io n s a r e in cluded
in all in d u str ie s c o m b in e d da ta, w h e r e show n.
L ik e w is e , data ar e
in clu ded in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r in f o r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y
is not a v a ila b le .
1

I n c lu d e d in th e 9 4 areas are e ig h t stu d ies c o n d u c t e d b y th e Bureau u n d er c o n t r a c t .

The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , ar ea w id e e s t i ­
m ates.
In d u s tr ies a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d if f e r in pay lev el and jo b
staffin g and, thus, c ontrib ute d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t im a te s fo r each job .
The pay r e la t io n s h ip obtain able f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fail to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age s p rea d o r d iffe r e n t ia l m ain tained am ong jo b s in
individual e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S im ila r ly , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay le v e ls
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c cu p a t io n s should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay tr ea tm en t o f the s e x e s within
in dividual e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Oth er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s which m a y c o n ­
tribute to d i f f e r e n c e s in pay f o r m e n and w o m e n in clude: D if f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n within e s t a b lis h e d rate r a n g es , sin c e only the actual
rates paid in cu m b ents ar e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c if i c duties
p e r f o r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p ro p r ia te ly within
the sa m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u sed in c la s s if y in g
e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e usu ally m o r e g e n e r a li z e d than those
used in indiv idual e s t a b lis h m e n t s and allow f o r m i n o r d if f e r e n c e s
am ong e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
T h e se

areas are B in g h a m to n , N . Y . (N e w Y o r k p o r t io n o n ly ) ; D u rh a m , N . C . ; F ort L a u d e rd a le —H o l ly w o o d and
W est P a lm B e a ch , F l a . ; H u n t s v ille , A l a . ; P o u g h k e e p s ie — K in g sto n — N ew b u rg h , N . Y . ; R o c h e s t e r ,
( o f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s o n ly ) ; S y ra cu se ,

N . Y . ; and U t i c a — R o m e ,

N .Y .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
es t a b lis h m e n t s within the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber actu ­
ally s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in oc cu p a t io n a l stru ctu re among
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtained

N .Y .

In a d d it io n the Bureau co n d u c ts

m o re li m i t e d a rea stu d ies in 6 4 areas a t th e re q u e st o f th e E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in is t r a t io n o f
th e U . S.

D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b or.




1

2
f r o m the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s studie d s e r v e only to in dicate
the r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s studied.
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n in g s data.
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p lem en ta r y Wage P r o v i s i o n s
In f o r m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p l e m e n ta r y w age p r o v i s i o n s as they
r ela te to p la n t- and o f f i c e w o r k e r s . Data f o r in du stry d iv is io n s not
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in clu d ed in the e s t im a t e s for " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
tion w o r k e r s who a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o rk f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w ork in g f o r e m e n and all n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
e r s (in cluding le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ction s.
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in clu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s . C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s
and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , but in cluded
in n on m an u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s .
M in im u m en tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e la t e only to the e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the optim u m
sa m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ili t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e l y to have f o r m a l en tr a n ce rates f o r w o r k e r s
a b ov e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the ta ble is
m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Shift d if f e r e n t ia l data (ta ble B - 2 ) a r e lim ite d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r ie s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f total pla ntw o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the tim e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s hav ing v a r i e d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am ount
applying to a m a j o r i t y was u s e d o r , i f no am ount ap plied to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w as u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w hich s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l was r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it ap plied to a m a j o r i t y o f the shift h o u r s .
The s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s and days (table B - 3 ) o f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f the f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e tabula ted as
applying to all o f the p la n t- o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that es t a b lis h m e n t .
S ch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s and days a r e th o s e w hich a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l ­
t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w hether they w e r e paid f o r at
stra ig ht-tim e o r o v ertim e rates.
P aid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; and h ealt h, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
sio n pla ns (ta b les B - 4 through B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on the
b a s i s that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to all pla nt- o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a
2

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o l i c y

i f i t m e t e ith e r o f th e fo l lo w i n g c o n d i ­

tion s:

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v is io n s i f it ( 1 ) h a d o p e r a t e d

Data on paid h o lid a y s (ta ble B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data on h o l i ­
days granted annually on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in
w ritten f o r m , o r (2) have been e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m . H olid ay s o r d i ­
n a r ily granted a r e in clu d ed e v e n though they m a y fa ll on a n onw orkd ay
and the w o r k e r is not granted an oth er day o f f . The f i r s t p a rt o f the
paid h olid a ys ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w hole and h a lf h olid a y s
a c tu ally gra nted.
The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b i n e s w hole and half h olid a y s
to sh ow total h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y o f v a c a ti o n plans (table B - 5 ) is l im it e d to a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s .
It is not intended as a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f it s .
P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t f o r all len gths o f s e r v i c e w e r e
tabula ted as applying to all p la n t- o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s o f length o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r pa ym en t on
o th er than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a pa ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s was c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u iv ­
alent o f 1 w e e k 's pa y. Only b a s i c plans a r e in clu d e d . E s t i m a t e s e x ­
c lud e v a c a tio n bonus and v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s pla ns and t h o s e w hich o f f e r
" e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b ey on d b a s i c pla ns with qualifying
lengths o f s e r v i c e . Such e x c l u s i o n s a r e ty p ic a l in the s t e e l, alum in um ,
and can in d u s t r ie s .
Data on health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans (table B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e th o s e pla ns f o r w hich the e m p l o y e r pays at l e a s t a part o f the
cost. Such plans in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w rit te n by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d th rough a union fund o r paid d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g funds o r f r o m a fund set as id e
f o r this p u r p o s e . An e s t a b lis h m e n t was c o n s i d e r e d to have a plan i f
the m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s was e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d under the plan,
ev en i f l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t ic i p a te b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c on trib u te t o w a r d the c o s t o f the plan. L e g a ll y r e ­
q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and
r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is li m i t e d to that type o f i n ­
s u r a n c e under w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d du ring t e m p o r a r y il l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y . I n f o r ­
m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d f o r all su ch plans t o w hich the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b ­
u tes.
H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w hich have en acted
t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u ­
ti o n s , 3 pla ns a r e in clu d e d on ly i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e
than is le g a ll y r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with ben efits
w hich e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w.
T a b u la tion s o f paid s i c k

( 1 ) O p e r a t e d la t e sh ifts a t th e t im e o f th e su r v e y , o r ( 2 ) h a d fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r i n g la t e

sh ifts.

m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev e n tu a lly qu alify f o r
the p r a c t i c e s lis t e d . Sums o f in div idu al it e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 through
B - 6 m a y not equal to t a ls b e c a u s e o f roun din g.

la t e shifts

d u rin g th e 12 m on th s p r io r t o th e s u r v e y , o r ( 2 ) h a d p r o v isio n s in w r it te n fo r m fo r o p e r a t in g la t e shifts.




3
co n tr ib u tio n s .

The

te m p o r a r y

d is a b ilit y

la w s

in

C a lifo r n ia

and

R hode

Islan d

do

not

req u ire

e m p lo y e r

3
l e a v e plans a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ich p r o v i d e full pay o r a
p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f
illn ess.
Separate ta bula tions a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) plans
w hich p r o v i d e full pay and no waitin g p e r i o d , and (2) pla ns w hich p r o ­
v ide eith er p a rt ia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r i o d . In addition to the p r e s e n ­
ta tion o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and
a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r pa id s i c k l e a v e , an u nduplicated total is shown
o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e eith er o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L o n g - t e r m d is a b ilit y pla ns p r o v i d e pa ym en ts to tota lly d i s ­
ab led e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir paid s i c k le a v e a n d / o r
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a ft e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d of
d is a b ilit y (ty p ic a lly 6 m o n th s).
P a y m e n ts a r e m a d e until the end of
4

A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f it e sta b lis h e d a t le a s t th e m in i­

m u m n u m b e r o f days o f s ick le a v e a v a il a b l e t o e a c h e m p l o y e e .

S u ch a p la n n e e d n o t b e w r it te n ,

b u t in fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s is, w e r e e x c lu d e d .




the d is a b ilit y , a m a x i m u m ag e, o r e lig ib ilit y f o r r e tir e m e n t be n e fit s.
P a y m en ts m a y be at full o r p a rtial pay but a r e a lm o s t always r e ­
du ced by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , and priv ate p en sion
ben efits pa ya ble to the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e in clu d es th ose plans which a r e d e ­
sign ed to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and in ju ry in volvin g
e x p e n s e s bey on d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h osp ita liza tion , m e d ic a l, and
s u r g ic a l pla n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to plans p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
plete o r p a rt ia l paym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Dental in su r a n ce usually
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a r e plans which
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
Plans m a y be u n d e r ­
w ritten by c o m m e r i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on p r ofit or ga n iz ation s
o r they m a y be paid f o r by the e m p l o y e r out o f a fund set a s id e f o r
this p u r p o s e . Tabu lations o f r e t ir e m e n t p en sion plans a r e lim ite d to
th o s e plans that p r o v i d e r e g u la r pa ym en ts f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r ' s lif e .

4

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and num ber studied in P h iladelph ia, P a .—N .J .,1 by m ajor industry d ivision ,2 N o v e m b e r 1971
N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
M i n im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 1
3
2

S t u d ie d
T o t a l4

S t u d ie d

P la n t
N u m ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

A l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
A l l d i v i s i o n s _____

_____________________________

-

2 ,4 1 1

420

7 67, 844

100

4 6 0 ,0 9 3

1 4 8 , 7 30

4 1 0 ,8 4 7

M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________
3 I n n e r C o u n t i e s 1--------------------------------------------------5 O u te r C o u n tie s 1
________ _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e — ____ ____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________________ - ______________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ----------7
S e r v i c e s 8__ — — -------------------------------------

100
100
100
-

1 ,0 0 0
592
408
1 ,4 1 1

188
119
69
2 32

3 9 9 ,5 1 7
2 4 9 , 7 57
1 4 9 ,7 6 0
3 6 8 , 3 27

52
32
20
48

2 6 8 , 672
1 7 3 ,5 9 4
9 5 ,0 7 8
1 9 1 ,4 2 1

5 0 ,9 3 7
3 1 ,1 3 9
1 9 ,7 9 8
9 7 ,7 9 3

2 0 3 ,0 9 6
1 3 3 ,7 3 6
6 9 ,3 6 0
2 0 7 , 751

100
50
100
50
50

123
3 78
209
2 91
410

37
47
39
50
59

7 2 ,2 9 1
5 0 ,0 4 3
1 1 4 ,0 2 0
7 5 ,0 4 9
5 6 , 9 24

9
7
15
10
7

4 2 ,2 0 0
2 3 , 334
8 9 ,9 9 1
74 , 2 9 6
3 1 ,6 0 0

13, 893
14, 526
1 2 ,6 5 6
4 7 , 191
9, 527

5 5 , 728
1 2 ,5 3 3
8 2 ,0 2 7
4 1 ,6 5 6
1 5 ,8 0 7

L a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
A l l d i v i s i o n s ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g _______________ _________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ---------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e . . . ____________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 _______
S e r v i c e s 8-------------------------------------------------------------------

-

242

166

4 2 5 ,1 6 0

100

2 4 8 ,2 3 6

8 6 , 771

3 5 9 ,5 9 5

5 00
-

141
101

90
76

2 2 9 , 340
1 9 5 ,8 2 0

54
46

1 4 5 ,1 6 1
1 0 3 ,0 7 5

3 2 ,6 6 1
5 4 ,1 1 0

1 8 0 ,7 4 8
178, 847

5 00
5 00
5 00
5 00
5 00

22
10
33
29
7

17
6
25
23
5

5 4 , 7 28
7 , 7 88
8 5 ,1 5 3
4 0 , 7 29
7 ,4 2 2

13
2
20
9
2

2 9 ,0 7 7
2 ,8 1 4
6 6 ,9 7 9
4 ,2 0 5

1 2 , 127
3 ,2 7 2
1 0 ,5 3 7
2 7 , 740
434

5 1 ,4 8 6
5 , 127
7 9 ,4 7 9
3 6 ,5 3 1
6 ,2 2 4

1 T h e P h il a d e l p h i a S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y t h e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t ( f o r m e r l y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t ) t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f T h r e e
I n n e r C o u n t i e s o f D e l a w a r e a n d P h il a d e l p h i a C o u n t i e s , P a . , a n d C a m d e n C o u n t y , N . J . ; a n d F i v e O u t e r C o u n t i e s o f B u c k s , C h e s t e r , a n d M o n t g o m e r y C o u n t i e s , P a . , a n d B u r li n g t o n a n d G l o u c e s t e r
C o u n t i e s , N .J .
W a g e a n d s a l a r y d a t a f o r t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s h o w n in t a b l e s A - l t h r o u g h A - 5 f o r 3 in n e r c o u n t i e s a n d 5 o u t e r c o u n t i e s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g m a y b e o b t a i n e d f r o m t h e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c l u d e d in
th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l
w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w it h in t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s
a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to
re p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
L o c a l t r a n s i t in
th e c i t y
o f P h il a d e lp h ia is
g o v e r n m e n t a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s t u d y .
6 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " f i n a n c e " in t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
7 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o n l y . W o r k e r s f r o m t h e e n t i r e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in " a l l i n d u s t r y "
e s t i m a t e s in t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); an d e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




p re se n ts

O v e r o n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y in t h e P h il a d e l p h i a a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
t h e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r o
o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u stry g rou p s
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d s u p p l i e s _____________________________ 15
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _______________________________________10
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __________________________________ .1 0
C h e m i c a l s a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _________________________________ 9
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s _______________________________________ 8
A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r t e x t i l e p r o d u c t s _____________________________ 7
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______________________________________ 7
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l is h i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------ 6
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------5
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------------------------------------ 5

T h e fo llo w in g

S p e c ific in d u s t r ie s
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______________________________________6
B l a s t f u r n a c e a n d b a s i c s t e e l p r o d u c t s _____________________ 6
M e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u i t s a n d c o a t s ____________________________ . 5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r t o a c tu a l s u r v e y ,
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i c is b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
shows the p e r c e n t a g e cha nge. The in dex is the p r o d u c t of mult ip ly in g
the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) b y the r e la t iv e f o r the next su c ceed in g
y e a r and continuin g to m u lt ip ly (com pou nd) each y e a r ' s relative by the
p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s index.

P r e s e n t e d in ta ble 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e earn in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . The in dex es
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iven ti m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s during the b a s e p e r i o d . Subtractin g 100 f r o m the in dex y ields
the p e r c e n t a g e change in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the date of
the index.
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f change o r i n c r e a s e relate to wage
cha nges b etw een the in d icated dates. Annual rates o f i n c r e a s e , w h er e
show n, r e f l e c t the am ount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 months when the tim e
p e r i o d betw een s u r v e y s w a s oth er than 12 m on th s. T h e s e c om pu ta tion s
w e r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g es i n c r e a s e d at a constan t rate
be tw e e n s u r v e y s . T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r ­
ag es f o r the a r e a ; they ar e not intended to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay
ch a n g es in the e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the a r ea .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the w age
tren ds r elate to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f ea r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , they
m e a s u r e ch a n g es in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s, exclu din g
p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h olid a ys , and
late sh ifts. The p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d key o c c u ­
pations and in clude m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y im portan t jo b s within
each grou p.
L im ita tio n s o f Data

M ethod o f Com putin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f cha nge, as m e a s u r e s o f
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu en c ed by :
(1) g e n e r a l s a la ry and
w age c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r oth er i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c e i v e d by i n d i­
vidu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e r esu ltin g f r o m la bor tu r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r ­
tions o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b lis h m e n t s with diffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s without actu al w age cha ng es. It is c o n c e iv a b l e
that even though all e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a gave w age i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g esta b lis h m en ts
en te r e d the a r e a o r expanded th eir w o r k f o r c e s .
S i m il a r ly , w a g es
m a y have r e m a i n e d r e la t iv e l y constan t, yet the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g esta b lis h m en ts
en te r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the follow in g k ey o c c u p a t io n s within an oc cu p a t io n a l
g rou p w as a s s ig n e d a constan t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n a l g rou p:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )—
C o n tin u e d

S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp en ters

S e c r e ta r ie s

E le c t r ic ia n s

S te n o g ra p h e r s, g e n e ra l

M a ch in ists

S te n o g ra p h e r s, s e n io r

M e c h a n ic s

C le rk s , f i l e , cla s ses
A , B, and C

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a to r s , cla s ses
A and B

C le rk s , o rd e r

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,

M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o t iv e )
P ainters
P ip e fitte r s

o p e r a to r s , cla s s B
C le rk s , a c c o u n t in g , cla s ses
A and B

C le rk s , p a y r o ll
C o m p t o m e t e r opera tors
K e y p u n ch o p e r a to r s , cla s ses
A and B
M essen g ers ( o f f i c e b oy s or
g ir ls )

cla s s B

T o o l a n d d ie m a kers

T y p is ts, cla s se s A and B
U n sk ille d p la n t (m e n ):
Industrial nurses ( m e n and
w orn en):
N urses, in d u stria l (r e g is t e r e d )

J an itors, p orters, and
cle a n e r s

The u se o f constan t e m p lo y m e n t w eigh ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe ct
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b i n ­
c lud ed in the data.
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f change r e f l e c t only changes
in a v e r a g e pay f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s.
T h e y a r e not influ enced b y
cha nges in stan dard w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m iu m pay
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e ad ju sted to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d ex es and p e r c e n t a g e s o f change any sign ifican t e ffe ct c a u sed
by c ha ng es in the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .

L ab orers, m a te r ia l h a n d lin g

The a v e r a g e (mean) ea r n in g s f o r each oc c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t i ­
p lie d by the oc c u p a t io n a l w eigh t, and the p r o d u c t s f o r all o c cu p a t io n s
in the g rou p w e r e totaled.
The a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s
w e r e r e la t e d by dividing the a g g r e g a te f o r the la te r y e a r by the a g g r e ­
gate f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant r e la t iv e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




T a b le 2.

Indexes o f standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in

P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N.J., N o ve m b e r 1 9 7 0 and N o v e m b e r 1971, and p ercents of in crease fo r s e lec te d periods
A ll in d u s t r ie s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en)

P e rio d

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

M a n u fa c t u r in g

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n tw ork ers
(m e n )

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n tw ork ers
(m e n )

122. 5
131. 2

118. 3
127. 6

119. 6
1 2 9 .9

2. 8
3. 2
3. 1
2. 5
2 .9
2. 8
4. 1
5. 7
6. 2
9 .4
5 .4
7. 1

1 .9
3 .4
3. 1
3. 2
2 .9
3. 4
3 .9
3. 0
5 .9
5. 3
6. 1
7 .9

1. 8
3. 5
2. 2
4. 0
3 .4
3. 3
2. 8
3 .9
3 .9
7 .9
6. 7
8. 6

I n d e x e s ( N o v e m b e r 1 967 = 100)
N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 ----------------------------------------------------------N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 - ---------------------------------------------------------

1 1 8 .4
1 26 . 2

123. 9
133. 1

119. 1
129. 1

119. 1
130. 4

118. 2
127. 2

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber

195 9
I96 0
1 96 1
196 2
1963
1964
1 96 5
1966
1967
1 96 8
1 96 9
1970

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber
N ovem ber

I 9 6 0 ______________
1 9 6 1 --------------------1 9 6 2 ---------------------1 9 6 3 ---------------------1 9 6 4 ---------------------1 9 6 5 --------------------1 9 6 6 ---------------------1 9 6 7 --------------------1 9 6 8 --------------------1 9 6 9 --------------------1 9 7 0 --------------------1 9 7 1 ---------------------

3. 5
3. 1
2. 8
3. 0
2. 3
2 .9
4. 1
5. 1
5. 0
6. 9
5. 5
6. 6

2. 8
3. 2
3. 1
3. 0
2 .9
2 .4
4. 6
5. 7
6. 7
9. 0
6. 5
7 .4

2. 2
3. 5
2. 8
3. 2
2 .9
3 .4
4. 1
3. 0
5. 7
5. 8
6. 5
8 .4

2. 3
3. 0
2. 8
3 .9
3. 5
3. 8
4 .4
4. 0
4. 2
6. 5
7. 3
9. 5

3. 6
3. 2
2. 1
3. 1
2 .9
2. 7
2. 8
4. 5
4. 4
7. 2
5. 6
7. 6

7

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
Number

1
60

Average

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
woikere

5

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard]

5
70

%

80

%

90

s

%

100

110

*
120

S
130

$
140

*

S
150

160

$
170

*
180

$
190

$
200

*

t

210

220

t

t
230

240

i

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

15Q

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

2
2
“

10
10
2

41
8
33
4
5

54
20
34
5

39
23
16
4
5

104
49
55
3
41

55
39
16
6

39
21
18
8
1

66
48
18
12
6

57
49
8
7

31
17
14
14

32
25
7
7
*

33
31
2
1
1

5
1
4
4

-

-

26
7
“

28
11
2
5

47
35
3
5

39
24
6
6

51
22
4
4

29
19
3
8

236
39
39

20
11
11
"

19
18
18
*

30
30
29
1

16
16
16

_
-

1
1
1

-

_
-

2

33
12
21
20

2
2

49
21
28
26

29
18
11
11

44
10
34
32

12
2
10
9

19
8
11
11

3
3

1
1

2
2

-

10
10

4
4

_

1
1

3
3

250

260

“

and
u nd er

and

260

HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NH AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

568
331
237
39
97

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
38.5

$
159.00
168.50
14 6.OC
166.00
156.00

$
157.00
171.00
143.50
170.50
146.50

$
$
139.00-182.00
144.50-185.00
122.50-164.50
148.50-175.00
141.50-186.00

-

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

546
237
93
68

39.0
38.5
40.0
39.0

146.00
146.00
171.50
141.00

155.00
148.00
175.00
151.00

127.50-158.50
120.50-172.00
167.50-184.50
133.00-153.00

-

-

4
4

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

297
93
204
190

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.0

139.00
150.00
134.00
135.50

141.50
148.50
138.00
138.50

114.00-161.00
133.50-164.50
111.00-160.50
112.00-161.00

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------

141
129

39.0 155.50 149.50 119.00-174.50
39.5 160.00 153.50 131.50-186.00

MESSEN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS! ---MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------WHOLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE -----------------SERVICES -----------------

640
195
445
70
175
133

38.5
39.0
38.0
38.5
37.5
38.0

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------

141
104

39.0 167.50 161.00 142.50-197.00
39.0 175.00 172.50 144.50-202.50

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

141
84
57

39.5 135.50 136.50 116.50-157.50
40.0 144.50 144.50 123.50-164.50
38.5 123.00 118.50 98.00-139.50

91

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------

96.00
99.50
94.50
93.50
88.50
89.50

92.00
97.00
89.50
90.00
87.50
89.00

83.50-102.50
90.50-111.50
82.50- 99.50
85.00- 96.00
81.00- 97.00
82.00-102.50

“

44
1
43
40

37
28
9
4
2

18
16
2
2

9
8
1

7
1
6

11
2
9
-

6

13

6

13
4

5
3

11
1

30
26

18
15

9
6

10
5

6
4

18
16

12
12

9
9

7
7

_

18

15
12

5
5

_

_

_

-

_

3

18
14
4

2

10

17
15
2

5

8

"

"

*

19

3

5

45
13
32

4

4
4
“

“

_

_

_
~

-

6
2
4

18

8

10
1
9

10

19
16
3

-

-

5

5

7

14

33

"

4

47
24
23

47
16
31

56
38
18

28
23

4

15

45
43

30
29

17

1

5

75
49
12

6
6

9

44
29
15

46

73
73

13
13

21
21

B
-

“

“

38.5 122.00 124.50 113.00-132.00

8

-

270
132
138

37.5 112.50 107.50
38.0 110.50 108.00
37.5 114.50 106.00

94 .5 0- 13 1. 50
98.00-118.50
92.00-132.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

213
159
51

38.0 102.00 1C5.50
37.5
98.00 1 0 1 .0 0
88.50
91.00
38.5

92 .0 0- 11 4. 00
91 .0 0- 11 1. 50
73.00-110.00

-

BO OK KEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

259
155
104

38.0 116.50 119.00 104.00-128.50
38.0 126.50 127.50 121.50-139.00
38.0 1 0 1 .0 0 106.00 91.00-116.00

~

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




_

-

24
23
23

_

9
2

22

26

-

-

-

22

26

5

5

41

8

8

2

2

13
13

11

15

11

~

1

1

15

_

_

_

"

3

2

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

-

84
25
59
3
13
42

“

-

5
5

10
10

“

6

2
2

7
7

-

_

8
8

19
19

-

_

-

14
14

_

_

-

18
18

2

~

-

2
1

2

8
~

-

-

-

176
69
107
28
53
17

_
-

-

-

_

188
27
161
26
68
50

_
-

34
27

2
-

-

78
15
63
9
27
22

-

54
13
41
41

-

_

13
4
9

—
*

•

1
1

2

“

"

8
T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
S

$

%

$

*

70

80

90

100

80

90

100

110

37
1
36
5
31

23
2
21
7
8

44

“

75
61
1A

-

17

-

13

72
10
62

160
25
135

282
112
170

-

-

-

-

12
1

8
6
A8
-

37
30
6A

18
69
76

A

7

396
78
318
6
32
76
181
23

6A8
157
A91
23
127
159
131
51

35
6
29
8
20

60
weekly
M ean*

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

and
u n d er
70

WOMEN - C O NT IN UE D
100KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS B -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE -------------------

33A
131
203
51
53

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS A M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------WHOL ES AL E TRADE --------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE ------------------SE RVICES ------------------

1,7 1 8
673
1 ,0A 5
87
209
266
373
110

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------WH OLESALE TRADE --------RE TA IL TRADE ------------FINANCE ------------------SERVICES ------------------

$
1 0 7.50
1 0 9.00
106.50
1 0 2.50
86.00

$
1 0 9.00
10 7 .5 0
11A .50
1 1 2.00
79.5 0

$
$
9 6 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
7 7 . 0 0 - 9A .00

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6.5
3 6 .5

126.50
133.50
1 2 2.00
1 5 8.50
1 1 7.50
11 5 .0 0
1 1 7.50
1 3 6 .0 0

1 2 A .0 0
1 3 1.00
1 1 7.50
15 9 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 3.50
1 1 0.00
1 3 1.50

1 0 6 . 0 0 —1 A A . 0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 0 3 . 5 0 —1 A 0 . 5 0
1A 2.5 0 -1 8 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 0A .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
9 8 . 0 0 - 1 AO. 5 0
11 8 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0

2 , 7A2
856
1 ,886
205
321
506
569
285

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 5.00
1 0 8.50
1 0 3.00
12 8 .5 0
10 3 .0 0
99.0 0
9A .50
11 0 .5 0

1 0 2.50
1 0 7.50
99.5 0
119.00
9 9 .5 0
97.5 0
91.5 0
1 1 3.50

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------WH OLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE -------------------

A03
1 A5
258
63
152

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

10 9 .5 0
11 1 .0 0
10 9 .0 0
113.50
102.00

1 1 0.00
111 .5 0
1 0 8.50
1 2 A .00
103 .0 0

9 7 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
9 5 . 5 0 - 1 2 A . 00
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS 8 -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------WHOLESALE TRADE --------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE -------------------

848
202
6A6
25
137
52
A 07

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

91.5 0
97.0 0
89.50
1 1 6.00
90 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
95.0 0
88 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
95.5 0
7 A .5 0
87.0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 98.5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 A •00
8 A .0 0 - 99.0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 8 6 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 93 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S -------WH OLESALE TRAOE --------FINANCE -------------------

1.2A A
93
1,151
5A
767

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

8 2 .0 0
80.00
82.00
102 .0 0
80 .5 0
80.50

81 .0 0
76 .0 0
81 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
82.0 0
80.5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------WHOL ES AL E TRAOE ---------

710
360
350
233

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

106.00
1 1 5.00
97 .0 0
96 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------WH OLESALE TRADE --------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE ------------------SE RVICES -----------------

786
A 57
329
75
66
5A
91

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .0
3 9 .0

116 .0 0
118.00
11A .00
119.50
110.00
1 0 8.00
1 1 5.00

55

AO.O

-

-

A

-

2
2
-

2
*
_

165
10
155

3
8
5A
8A
6
12
3

9
-

4

*

5

A

101
10
91
3
21
28
36

31A
5A
260

501
23
A 78

-

4
A
-

87.0 0
8 6.50
87 .0 0
2 0 .0 0
89 .5 0
85.00

69
15
5A
7
36

A 90
A1
AA9
13
15
325

1O A.00
112.00
92.5 0
92.5 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 1.00-131.00
8 0 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

3

81

3

81
38

1 1 5.00
11 A .O O
1 1 6.00
1 2 2.00
1 1A .00
99.5 0
1 1 9.00

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 1.50-136.00
1 0 1.50-125.50
1 0 8.50-130.50
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 A .0 0

-

7 6 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 7 6 .5 0 8 1 .0 0 -1
7 7 .0 0 7 5 .5 0 -

3
3




3
-

"

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

-

"

-

2A
12
22 A

31
13
8
3

9

15
3
12

12
12

182
81

20

182
78
10A
9
30

27
27
19

31
23

6

AO
28
1
250
62
188
3
A2
9A
30
19

219
117

511
230
281
35
61
64
8A
37

A92
197
295
Al
33

230
83
1A7

86
AO
A6
1
36

71
17
5A
4
A9

90
AO
50
10

53
17
36
32

33

2

261
70
191
67
8
116

103
AO
63
7
25

31
16
15
5

12

9
3
3

16
16
5

”

20

10

-

-

1

139

16

13

-

9
3

7

6
6

7
7

59
50
9
7

35

105
63
A2

50
31
19
7
7
4

11

110

AA
67

102

9

12

29
26
26
5A

-

-

-

16

13

-

-

12

20
338

128
6
12
53
96
36
60
55

12A
75
A9
A1

101

6

1

27
3
2A

139
90
49
5
10
2A
10

1AA
90
5A
19
9
5
2

13A
77
57
7
17

135
55
80
25
13

129
AO
89
15
19
13
8

3A
A3
21
22

31
13
A9
6

69
Al
28
7
7
1
-

118
A8
70
23

11

6
6
10

71
30

57
38
19

27
17
10

5
A
1

-

13
1
1

11

-

11

2
1
1

-

4
7

1

12

12
1
1

26

28

15

12

23
20

75
50

78
A7
31

2
2
2

30
26
4
4
35
3A
1

1

11

15
29
25

6

4
2A
19

15

117
A5
72
61

11

101
2

A

9
T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
*

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

*

S

t

60

70

80

t

t

90

100

and
under

*
110
-

t
-

130
-

80

90

100

110

120

130

7

70

$

120

80
3
77
20
49

116
13
103
2
30

109
20
89
34
27

48
6
42
8

t
140

-

*
150

*

$

t

t

t

$

t

t

$

$

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

-

-

160

-

—

—

—

—

-

—

—

_

and

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

over

2
-

15
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

140

150

34

56

4

-

18

5
29

22
34

4

~

18

5
20

5
29

4

34

417
121
296
8
68
160
56

452
229

436
253

178
114

62
49

223
7

183
33

64

28
24
4

100

42
125
37

72
41

2
30
17

13
3

153
45
108

2
2

25

7

132
59

141

WOMEN - CO NTINUED
CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

472
69
403
78
196

38.0
38.5
38.0
39.0
37.5

$
106.50
112.50
105.50
105.00
105.00

$
103.00
109.50
101.50
103.50
104.00

$
$
93.00-118.50
101.00-131.00
91.50-115.50
90.00-112.50
88.50-120.00

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

2,030
943
1,087
185
255
454
156

38.5
39.0
38.0
40.0
38.0
37.0
39.5

118.50
120.50
117.00
147.00
113.50
108.50
109.50

116.50
120.50
112.50
156.50
113.50
108.00
109.00

105.50-128.00
110.50-130.00
103.00-125.50
125.50-158.50
105.00-125.00
100.50-115.50
101.50-120.00

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

2,473
936
1,537
210
283
300
566
178

38.0
38.5
38.0
39.0
38.5
39.0
37.0
38.0

103.00
102.50
103.50
115.50
111.50
106.50
93.00
103.00

102.00
102.50
102.00
105.00
112.00
104.50
92.50
103.50

92.50-112.00
94.00-111.50
91.00-112.50
101.50-129.00
99.00-119.50
90.50-127.00
85.50-101.50
100.50-107.00

ME SS EN GE RS IOFFICE GIRLS) ---------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

389
122
267
106

38.0
39.5
37.5
36.5

92.00
92.50
91.50
84.50

85.00
88.50
83*50
83.00

80.50- 96.00
85.00-100.50
78.50- 93.50
80.00- 90.00

SE CRETARIES --------------------------- 1 1 , 4 2 4
6,545
MA NU FACTURING --------------------4,879
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------387
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------980
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------376
RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------- 2 , 4 9 3
643
SERVICES ------------------------

38.5
39.0
37.5
38.5
39.0
38.5
36.5
38.0

139.50
143.50
134.50
181.00
136.00
132.50
127.50
131.00

135.50
139.50
130.00
168.00
132.00
134.50
124.00
132.50

-

20

“

*

13
16

191
65
126
10
16
92
8

_

125
23
102
-

611
293
318
23
42
53
180
20

685
247
438
94
45
45
125
129

359

12
21
69
*

342
101
241
3
22
50
151
15

16
16
“

68
4
64
26

179
73
106
54

47
14
33
16

35
17
18
10

11
11

120.00-157.00
124.50-163.00
116.50-147.50
150.50-221.00
125.00-148.00
117.00-150.50
113.00-140.50
115.00-147.00

-

6
4
2
-

88
44
44
12
4
24
4

408
152
256

847
389
458
2
48
26
301
81

1470
657

1805
934

1917
1134

813
13
62
35
559
144

871
31
307
54
416

783
17
194
66

1337
788
549
29
99
56

379
127

285
80

_
-

i
-

6
6
-

26
24
2
1
1

14

28

89

7
7

18
10

-

51
38
5

65
15

4

7

107
30
77

897
586
311
53
63
125

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
38.0
36.0

166.00
167.50
163.00
161.00
152.00
158.50

163.50
166.00
153.50
152.00
152.00
148.50

145.00-184.00
14 7 . 5 0 - 1 8 4 . 5 0
142.50-184.00
146.00-174.50
143.00-160.00
139.50-182.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

2,651
1,317
1,334
136
224
120
695
159

38.0
39.0
37.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
36.5
38.0

150.50
153.50
148.00
204.00
142.50
133.00
141.00
149.00

149.00
153.50
144.50
221.00
139.50
136.00
141.00
152.00

131.50-167.50
137.00-171.00
126.00-163.00
159.00-249.00
126.00-163.50
117.00-144.50
120.00-157.00
141.50-161.00

*

All w o r k e r s

were

at $ 2 6 0 to $ 270.




-

7
7

51
19
32
3
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

-

1
1
-

-

39
19
20

-

-

2

_

-

i
i

26
40
175
15

6
_

-

_
-

24
24
10
14

35
1
34
15
19
-

15
5
56
1

163
196
30
95
32
39
“

73
9
18
30

33
108
16

3
6

1

-

-

5
4

-

i
-

-

i

-

2
2
-

4

4

_

-

-

_

_

4
2
2

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

320
256
64

283
203

105
72

79
60

34

58

7
28

1
13

33
11
7
4

19

15
9

80
24
42

21

5

108
86

67
42

22
6

25

1
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
11
2
2

44
8
36

7

27
8
19
9

26

17

1
25

8
9
i

27

8

65

2

23
z
-

-

6
2

2
14
2

5

9

1
1

2
3

9

7

10

7

10

962
598
364
57
54

1002
716
286
54

600
467

43
147
63

31
71
37

124

99

59

57
42

143
115
28

:

:

63

93

5

5

14

23

4

*

5
19

35

11

6

222
90

226

357

380

100

170

207

394
199

311
174

132

126
9

187

173
2

195
17

137

5

8

5
10
109

24

47

14
69

23
90

8

10

19

10
44

133
25
23
6

11
3

23

-

“

“

-

-

39

34

27

23

11
16

10
9

11

23
16

57
43
14

7

6
-

2

6

3

8

235

124

107

25

146
89

98

65

26

42

15
10

7

2

20
24

6
8

9

3

103
24

109

53

50

55

21

21

8

3
21

27

1
10

35

-

3

2

8
2

-

11

3
3

12

12
9

30

3

26

1

15

2

-

4
11

-

11
23
22

-

-

4

13
12

-

8

-

33
2C

1

2
3

-

71
21
50
27

i
i
7
1
6
6
-

1

8
3

5

1

9
5

-

5
-

4
-

13

8

34

1

1

-

6

13
13

2

32

2

-

-

*32

2

-

10
T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
dard)
Number
of
woikers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

*

t
60

S

t

t

S

$

*

t

t

*

*

$

%

s

%

hours1
(standard)

M ean 2

Medi an2

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

70

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

-

' “

3
-

70

180

444

648

305

88

36
29

7
5

10

9

26

10

329
5

211
94

106
94

237
5
9

297
199

443
350

213

319

3
-

51
129

207

-

33
37
-

892
604

496

-

3
6

and
u n d er

Middle range2

WO ME N - CONT IN UE D
SE CR ET AR IE S - CONT IN UE D
SECRETARIES. CL AS S C ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -------------WH OLESALE TRAOE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE ------------------------SE RVICES ------------------------

3,97 9

3 8 .5

2,49 7

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1,48 2
122
275

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

$
141.50
146.50
132.50
165.50
140.50

$
$
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

1
1
1
1

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

4
3
6
3

1
0
2
6

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

3 8 .5

701
241

3 7 .0

125.00

124.50

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

3 7 .5

130.00

133.00

SECRETARIES. CL AS S 0 ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------------WH OLESALE TRADE --------------FINANCE ------------------------SE RVICES ------------------------

3,55 3
2,0 8 9

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

125.00
127.00

1,46 4
B2
428
686

3
3
3
3

122.00
158.50

1 2 3.50
125.50
121.00

1
1
1
1

220

3 8 .0

ST EN OGRAPHERS. GE NE RA L ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------------WH OLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------FINANCE -------------------------

2,63 2
838
1,794

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

295
242
134
1,03 7

3
3
3
3
3

8
9
7
8
9

.5
.5
.0
.0

S W IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------------WHOL ES AL E TRAOE --------------FINANCE ------------------------SE RVICES -----------------------T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




8
3
6
4
4

.0
.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0
0

122.50
134.50
162.00

1
1
1
1

196

0
0
0
0

-

4

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

48
-

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 2
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 2
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 8
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 6 3
1 1 0.00 -1 23

0
1
0
3
1

1 2 6.00

378

.0
.0
.0
.5

1
1
1
1
1

128.00

SW IT CH BO AR D OPER AT OR S, CL AS S A --M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE -------------------------

6
9
2
9

111.50
117.50
108.50

100.50

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

3
3
3
6

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

3 7 .0

245
122
275

-1
-1
-1
-1

117.50
113.00

9 7 .0 0
100.00

3 8 .0
4 0 .0

0
0
0
0

117.00
115.50

9 9 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

.0
.5
.5
.0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

3 8 .5

747
68

2
2
1
8

150.00
128.00

135.50
114.00

1 ,68 1
934

1
1
1
2

127.00

.0
.0
.5
.5
.0

ST EN OG RA PH ER S. SENIOR -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------WH OLESALE TRADE --------------FINANCE ------------------------SE RVICES ------------------------

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B --M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------FINANCE ------------------------SE RVICES ------------------------

131.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0

143

7
7
9
7

129.00

$
137.00

2
3
6
4

1
2
9
2

.5
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

3 7 .5

143.00
1 2 0.50
128.00

122.00
131.00

3 8 .0

121.50

120.50

3 9 .0

128.50

182

3 7 .0

1 1 4.50

126.00
111.00

130

3 6 .5

110.50

107.50

839

3 8 .5

.0
.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

3
0
9
4

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-2

3
3
4
0

9
6
4
4

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

-

-

-

87

5

16

55
44

243
118
125
-

468

726

283
185
-

351
375
8

3
103
10

23

48
219
88

3

11
2
4
270
63
207
14
41
152

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
22

31
30

1
1

1
1

1
1

28

12

1

28
2
2
_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

6

_

5

5

7

6

5
-

2
3

1
6

-

6

1

3

6

6

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

20
34
48

47
17

37
42
100

_

3
70
-

26

30
9

22
9

25

1
1

2
-

15
-

10

10
-

2

10
-

2
-

15
15
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
7

13
-

8

13

2
23
5
18

-

4

_

-

-

-

_

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

4

26

24

7

4

1

96

23

4

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

32
24

40

143

8 6 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

119

6

3

-

28

18

14

14

-

_

-

-

_

56

51

10

13

6

72

45

18

5

17

14

14

-

-

-

-

5

17

14

14

-

-

-

-

-

63

16

26

13
5

-

25
17

21
6

22

6

*

32
16
119

2
17

-

-

12

105
4

51

15

250
149
101

240
151

166
61

28
19

13
9

12

89

105

9

4

5
7

3
6
28

3
81

8

-

7

45

16
4

19

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
53
-

-

41

134

-

13
28
-

67

158
128

-

67
-

30
4

26

20

17

17
29

2
6

5
32
28
19

-

i

16

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

3

47

9 3 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

5

49

16

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

127.50
1 0 9.00

52

127
-

-

133.00

87
53
34
-

6

9 6 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

128.00

185
63
122

12
9

-

3 7 .5

373
188
185
4

213
131
9

21

-

101

42
41

12
12

50

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

104.00

-

28
28

46

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

107

1

45
42
3

35

9 5 .0 0

105.00
110.00

303
173
130
-

212
344

30

27
8

1 5 1.50

1 0 6.50

9
_

7
2
5
-

1

135
23
49
4

47
30

9 4 .0 0

106.50

11

47

3
27

362
21
102
10

77

3 8 .0

3 7 .0
3 9 .0

65
23
14

1
54
9

71

82

183
91

21
10
-

152
131
21
20
-

35
36

212

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

38
17

2
4

17
51

170

30

181
65
116
44

2
1

12
5
6
-

15
3

68

2
168

1 0 7.50

4

8

6

7

-

1 0 7.00
108.50

33

14

2
5

53

106.00
105.00

243
108

38
40

-

53

107.00
1 2 5.00

128
12

1
102
97

102
74
28

-

-

3 8 .5

134
105
29

103
16

-

-

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

324
221

-

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

602

8

538
302
236

192
21
9
9

10

”

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

440

10
-

839
486
353
16
191

22
4

39

1 0 3.50

1 ,04 2

3
6

51

7

114.00
9 8 .0 0

8 9 .0 0

229
185
44

66

17
9

“

115.50

1C 1 . 5 0

56
39
17

12
99

-

106.00

9 6 .5 0

22
237

35
139

-

102.50
143.50
1 0 1.50

21

30
166
41

“

3 9 .5

3 7 .5

23
37
319

498
136

23
37
8

-

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

390
6

583
175
408
88

11
26

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

201

90

524
134

92
64

13
162
48

87

93
28
29

16
17

638

208

14

“

5
43

-

2
10

12
12

2

48
-

8

288
8
40

-

-

-

161

1
4

55

1

6

11
T a b le A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a — .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

s
Average
weekly

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

60
Middle range2

(standard)

*

$

*

*

*

$

*

s

s

*

*

*

“1

»

i

i

t

$

1 ------

t

70

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

over

33
33

14
14

7
7

13
13

218
28
190
28
111

196
21
175
48
55

91
33
58
4
12

27
3
24
1
12

4
i
3
3

21
1
20
20

17
15
2
2

and
u n d er
70

and

WOMEN - CO NTINUED

$

$

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

11 0 .5 0
10 9 .0 0

10 4 .5 0
10 4 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

10 7 .0 0
1 0 8.00
1 0 7.00
11 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

1 0 7.00

698
106
377

9 7 .5 0 1 15.00
9 7 .5 0 1 22.50
9 7 . 5 0 - 11 4 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

1,311
561
750
135
137
328
136

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 9.0
3 8 .5
3 6 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 9 . 0 0
1 1 4.50
1 0 8.50
1 3 2.50
1 0 7 .5 0
97.5 0
1 1 3.00

1 1 2.50
1 0 5 .5 0
133 .0 0
1 1 0.50
99.0 0
1 1 2.50

TYPISTS, CL AS S B --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------RETAIL TRADE -------------FINANCE --------------------

3,7 5 2
810
2,9 4 2
115
349
278
1,671

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
39.0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

93.0 0
99.0 0
91.0 0
118.00
92 .0 0
90.0 0
89.00

90.0 0
98 .0 0
89.0 0
1 8 .5 0
92.5 0
9 1 .5 0

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------FINANCE ---------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




$
88
85

818

120

1 1 0 .0 0
106.50
1 1 2.50

1 0 0 .0 0

88.00

$

9 8 . 5 0 - 1 21.50
10 3 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
9 5 . 5 0 - 115.50
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 6 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 114.50
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 1 29.50
8 3 .5 0 1 0 2 . 0 03 6
8 7 .0 0 1 10.00
11
25
8 3 .0 0 - 99.0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 106.00
9
8 2 .0 0 - 99.5 0
16
8 2 .5 0 - 94.5 0

18
18

14
3
11
-

-

11

76

157
21
136
2
100

1

157
41
116
106
6

210
57
153
10
40
67
32

315
141
174
17
23
118
15

274
123
151
30
53
32
34

145
93
52
6
21
5
18

98
63
35
20

54
23
31
15

15

1319
175
1144
14
70
72

839
190
649
13
74
87

577
156
421
13
67
40

269
94
175
22
46

111
61
50
19
5

50
31
19
11

34
19
15
12

4

1

4

1

-

-

35
5
30
30

4

1

-

4
4

1
1

16

-

1
-

506
73
433
-

85
46
245

85
9
76

744

433

175

22

2

40

18

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

2

-

6

5

6
6

5
5

-

-

12
T a b le A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
$

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

weekly
M ean 2

M edian2

$

$
60

70

$
80

$
90

*

S
100

110

$

120

s
130

s
140

$

$
150

160

t
170

*
180

t
190

$

200

$
210

S
220

»
230

Middle range2

(standard)

70

3 9 .0

$
166.50

s
170.50

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

229

20

35

45

17

62

33

17

32

18

230

240

$

1 4 6 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

18

3 B .0

8

29

8

142

161*50

87
00

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

175.50

1 7 0.00

182.00

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

101.50

9 6 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 -

1 1 2.00

9 8 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

113.50

3 7 .5

100.00
103.00
8 6 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -

3 8 .5

i n

3 9 .5

172.50

1 7 5.00

183.50

191.50

36

172.00

148
60

rATKULL

39*5

293

tL tK n o t

1 5 3 .0 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

19

43

56

28

34
19

26

23

7

to

8
*

19
8

1 0 4.00 1
9 5 .0 0

46

10

10

6

8 2 .5 0 7 8 .5 0 -

42

1

2
6

8

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
1 5 0 .0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0 -2 0 6 .5 0

10
1

6

18
45

10
6

5

*

16
46

12
12

9

7

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
2

144.50

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C

3 8 .^

122.00

8
2

1 2 4 .j0

8

46

8

5

44

3
3

19

n
7

33

WOMEN
B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,

3^3*50

* 7

M !!*«!!
435
1 HAUL

121*50

238

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

119.00

52

1,11 7
345

0

5

114*00
116*00

, A<% „A ____ _

*7

6

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

2

39*5

146.00

1 6 5.50

C L E R K S » FILE, CLASS A

J'

274

170
121
13

11

13

15

36

*49

09

iJ;

xa

^4

23
41

L
.

14

1

9 1 .0 0

3 8 .0

113
228

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

9 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

9 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 8 .0 0 - 104.50
8 2 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0

171

3 7 .5

8 9 .0 0

8 8 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 -

9 4 .5 0

2
9

98

1

2

11

25

95

68

16

12

82

60

12

9
*

3

40
39

1

8

27

13

*

8
100*00

11

17
1

1

35

32

19

8

26

j

341




14

3 8 .5

37*5

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .

20

«n

3 9 .5

M A NU FA CT UR IN G — —— — — — — —— —
NONMANUFACTURING ——— — ——— —

24

T*

21

66

1

_
2

96 * 00

158

57

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

3 8 .5
7 " * '0

65
8

69

208

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

r U u L 1L U 1 I L 1 1 ltd
Kt 1A 1L 1KAUc

36

ftl

114.50

101

K t 1A 1 L

3 0 * '’

*
250

260

and

MEN
315

$
240

and
u n d er

2

2
2

13
13

1

1r
7
2

1

1

250

260

13
T a b le A -1a.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n an d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1971)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1

N um be r of w orker s receivin g

t

$
Number
Sex,

occupation,

of

and in d u stry d iv ision

60

70

80

Me an2

Median 2

Middle range2

100

110

CON TIN U ED

$

$

$

8 1 .5 0

7 7 .5 0 -

8 7 .0 0

80

90

13

252

273

100

no

51

8

120

8 2 . CO

8

157
8 0 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

30*0

48

21

3 8 .5

122.00

59
265

119.50

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

13

13
13

087
152
280
353
206
i ?n

9 0 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

i ?

120.50

24

3

a

I®* 2

40

17

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

1

19

■J

107.00

ft
3 •S
37. 5

2_ *2
*

^

^ 0 0 * '0
109.50
107.00
9 0 .5 0

■VI

nni
201

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 8 4 .5 0 -

1 3 0 . OC
9 7 .0 0

„ 93

53
124

*7

45

197
93
104

27

^

38

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0 16 7.00

3 8 .0

139.00

1 1 5 .5 0 -

15 4.50

31
14

22*2
3 7 .5

1 3 2.00
1 2 6.00

133.50
123.50

1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 2 .5 0 -

1 4 8.00
1 3 7.00

8

3 9 .0

1 8 3.50

182.00

7?.
141

3 9 # ;j
3 8 .5

1 7 4.00

1 7 1.00

21

8
1

J
*

260

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

164.00
1 6 2.50

1 5 9.00

1 4 3 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

161.00

45
5-6

32
9

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

over

79
60
19

49

13

44

11
23

11

28

33
20
13

34

20

8
36

10

11
8

8

34

9
30

15

i
2

t6
65

9
2

23

1

00

1 3 7 * '0

1 2 5 .0 0 -

7

3

9

7

10
in
ru

197

1 4 8.50

1 3 5 .0 0 -

1 5 7.50

24

26

77

165

982
662
320

1136
863

808
621
187

609

666

473
136

545

273

35
285

47

66
197

42

27

266

113

73

31
31

18

14

10

13

40

24

49

57

37

57

30

34

16

16
24

16

30

43
14

23

23

11

19

41
16

26

8

213
150

216

151

168

112
98

104

25

65

15

9

32

76

144

17

11

36
46

83

10
46

23
33

**2
10

33

3 9 .0

146.00

1 4 0.50

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 6 4 .5 0

22

98

274

388

631

309

741

3 7 .5

133.00

128.50

1 1 6 .5 0 -

1 4 4.00

16

73

144

154

136

59

1 5 5 .5 0 -

19 4.00

131*00
3

1
2

143

no

146

271
237
34

11

203
71

92
72

18

12

407

208

99

82

59
24

16

8

19

13

J

10

244

21

11

39

J

8

17

43
15

**

56

477
422

121

54

2,85 2

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

274

725
396
329

10

361
164

1 5 4.00

1 4 7.50

123.50

2

2

9
1
1

**5

133

169.00

1

2

6

-i"*n n
2 o#7

124.00

9
9

3

i

3 7 .5

3 8 .0

190

A

“j

2

1 4 4 .5 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

??

180

ro

lVL

1 4 7 .0 0 -1 9 6 .5 0

1 ,34 9




1 --250

03
7?

1 6 2 .5 0 -2 0 3 .0 0

in

30

2
2

Q
i 0?
1n 6

r l

O l ' O

* A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $260 to $270.

240

12

20

170

2

9 9 .0 0

140.00
143.50
131.00

l 83

160

10

31

65

50
135

1 4 5.50
148.00

, n/

150

146

9
2

to

i
29

*00*00

316

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

i

*
230

^7

^26

20

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1RAl/L

*
220

34

9

1 ,98 4

K l 1A 1 L

$
210

-1/ n

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

37*0

1 ,26 6

140

OJ
38

10J .j O
101.50

119.50
1 0 9.00
9 0 .-.0

37

An

53

1K AUt

$
200

7

17

Q

i ^ i '■n
i at .0 0
1 0 7 nn
1 0 4.50

3 7 .5

j

6,901
A ,917

K t 1A 1L

190

9

TA

104*00

}

1,305

130

9

1 0 9.50
111.00

__
T1O
318

33

100*00

37 *'

A

180

of—

1-3

100 * '0

222

LL A j j

170

$

12

3

13

32 * «

C 1 Mn 1 l j f

160

earnings

$

12

94*50

???

1 RAUL

150

w eek ly
$

kt

51

8 2 .5 0

11
246

J i2*or

K t 1A1L

140

$

i

and

1

3 9 .0
136

FINANCE

130

straigh t -tim e

$

8 2 .5 0

3 7 .5

TT*--

1 R AUL

120

$

and

283
616

l\C 1 A 1 L

$

*

under
70

-

90

$

$

weekly
(standard)

WOMEN

t

$

*

5

17
13

1

i

32

28

10

6

14
T a b le A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
worke e
r

*

%

60

weekly
hours1
(
standard)

Mean*

Middle range*

Median*

S

*

70

80

*

$

90

100

i
110

*
120

t

130

$

$

1*0

150

s

i

160

170

s

t

*

180

190

200

$

$

80

90

9

31

100

no

120 _ 13Q - 1 6 0

150

160

170

180

190

200

22

30

210

$

130.00 128.00 116.50-1*1.50
36

38 0
39.0 186.50 182.50 1*8.50-228.50
38.0 118.00 117.50 111.00-126.50

1,715
598

38.5 11*.50 108.50 98 .5 0-12*.00
39.0 121.00 115.50 102.50-1*6.50

4?

2*7

275

5*

1
19
18

98
32

*39
106

76
2*

35
1*

39

369
97

28*
96

15*
89

1

12
15
150
131

1

51

28

12

J 1tlrU w f'H riiL i'if

102.50

93.00-118.00

1

11

JLl, i UK

697

40.0 125.50 124.50 112.00-138.50

39

102

136

138

146

63

9

53

M A NU FA CT UR IN G — — — — — —
— —
—

—
—

173
65

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G — —— — — — — —

——

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

*07
139
268
82
150
98
79

39.0 128.00 125.00 117.00-1*5.00
37.0 108.50 105.00
39.0
39.5
39.0
*0.0

11*.50
118.50
112.00
1*3.50

15

112.50 9 7 . 0 0 - 129.00
120.00 109.50-126.00
108.00 90 .5 0- 13 1. 00
151.50 131.00-163.00
82.0011*.50

39.5 117.00 118.00 10*.00-132.00

-

26

*0

26

38

31

18

98.00- 11 8. 00

16

16

*8
12
36

67
23
**

67
32
35

12
16

1

2

8

10
2

6

8

10

18
1*

*7

25

33

12

62
*1
21

28
10
18
13

18
13

23

1*

17
17

1*

15
13

9

5

38
23
15

17
15

1*

i*

i*

17
15
1*

16
12

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
13
13

31
T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
2*6

38.0 105.00 103.50 9 7 . 5 0 - 111.00
107.50 100.50-116.00
37.5 10*.50 102.50 9 7 . 5 0 109.00

17

5*

8
8

52

102
21
81

*0
1*
26
16

11

187

113.50 1 0 3 . 0 0 10 5. 00 38.0 116.50 111.50 10 1. 00 -

29
16
13

107

189

58

03

185
111
7*

123

335

37*0 103*00 102.50

1 1 174
80
KL 1A i L 1IsAL/L

FINANCE

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




127.00
128.00
125.00

34

83
63
20

97 .5 0-109.00

92.00 85.00-101.00
V* *2®
39*0
93*00
91.50 85.50- 99.00
37.5
39.0 126.50 123.00 11*.00-1*2.00

20

9
9

183

388

33

216

*82

12*

^87
397

130
68

63
16

29

3*

20
13

17

15
12

11

35
30

1

9

1
:

Z8

39.0

*
230

♦

*

2*0

250

260
and

WOMEN - C O NT IN UE D
$

220

and
u n d er

70

SE CRETARIES - CONT IN UE D

S

$

210

1

re

2

??o

230

2*0

?SQ

260 o v e r

15
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number
of

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
s

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

s

$

s

s

s

s

S

s

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

»

$

S

S

S

*

*

S

t

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

180 -I S P

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

over

39
17
22
5
8

39
23
16
7
4

13
5
8
3
5

3

4
2
2
2

16
16

5
2
3
3

14
2
12
11

22
13
9
9

13
10
3
2

32
9
23

54
15
39
9
26

56
25
31
6
19

50
24
26
3
20

100

110

120

130

140

150

100

110

120

130

140

150

1 6 0 ___ L I 0 _

•

-

1
1
1

4
4
4

8
8
1
7

24
8
16
16

68
13
55
31
24

68
29
39
6
24

89
41
48
4
30

53
25
28
1
13

160

S
180

90

90

S e x , occupation, and ind ustry division

80

s

170

and
u n d er

HEN
$
$
$
$
17 0 .5 0 16 5.0 0 15 1.0 0 - 1 8 6 .0 0
17 6 .5 0 17 0 .50 15 9 .0 0 - 19 1.0 0
16 6 .0 0 1 6 1 . 5 0 1 4 8 .0 0 - 17 9 .5 0
17 7 .50 15 8 .50 14 7 .50 -19 9 .0 0
15 6 .5 0 15 7 .5 0 14 3 .5 0 -16 8 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------------------------------

44 5
183
262
71
13 6

39 .0
39 .5
38 .5
39 .5
37.5

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------------------------------

9 03
371
53 2
154
266

3 8 .5 14 5 .0 0
3 9 .5 14 9 .0 0
38 .0 14 2 .0 0
38 .0 1 5 3 .0 0
37.0 13 2 .5 0

14 3.50
14 7 .0 0
14 1.5 0
14 8 .0 0
13 4 .50

13 0 .0 0 -15 7 .5 0
13 6 .0 0 -15 7 .0 0
12 6 .5 0 -158 .0 0
12 9 .0 0 -17 0 .5 0
12 1.0 0 -14 9 .5 0

_
-

36
36
36

15
15
5
9

50
18
32
7
18

123
32
91
32
44

16 1
86
75
5
51

16 9
67
10 2
31
46

157
94
63
21
33

69
29
40
15
18

34
15
19
11
8

37
5
32
3
3

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------------------------------

37 8
19 0
188
122

39 .0
39 .5
38 .5
37.5

12 1.0 0
12 2.50
119 .5 0
114 .5 0

12 3.0 0
12 3.0 0
12 3.50
118 .0 0

10 8 .50 -13 4 .0 0
115.5 0 -13 4 .0 0
10 2 .50 -134 .5 0
10 0 .0 0 -129 .50

13
6
7
2

34
6
28
28

52
20
32
24

59
45
14
10

90
45
45
31

73
51
22
13

42
8
34
13

5
2
3
1

7
6
1

2
2

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUS INESS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

502
19 7
305
56
19 9

38 .5
39 .5
38.0
39 .0
37.0

2 3 7.50
236.00
23 8 .50
25 9.50
234.00

235.50
237.50
234.00
25 7.00
230.00

215.50 -2 6 3.0 0
2 12.0 0 -26 3.5 0
2 16 .5 0 -2 6 3.0 0
229.50-28 7.50
211.0 0 -2 6 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

14
14

20
7
13
3
9

33
15
18
—

-

16

23

65
18
47
3
26

196.00 19 3 .0 0
19 5 .5 0 19 5.0 0
19 6.00 19 2 .0 0
224.00 2 2 5 .5 0
18 5 .0 0 18 5 .5 0

17 2 .0 0 -2 17 .0 0
16 0 .0 0 -2 18 .5 0
17 4 .0 0 -215.0 0
19 8 .50-244 .50
16 9 .5 0 -2 0 4.0 0

9

-

-

-

-

-

9
7

-

-

-

1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUS INES S, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------------------------------

568

38 •5

19 4
374
90
225

39.0
38 .0
39 .0
37.0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUS INES S, CLASS C ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------------------------------

212
92
120
69

38 .5 17 1.0 0
39 .0 17 2 .0 0
38 .0 17 0 .0 0
3 7 .5 14 8 .50

17 2.50
17 1.50
17 6.0 0
14 8 .50

15 0 .0 0 -19 6 .0 0
15 2.50 -18 7.0 0
13 9 .50 -19 9 .0 0
13 1.0 0 -16 1.0 0

403

100

3 8 .5 283.00
3 9 .5 286 .50
3 8 .0 279 .00
3 9 .5 295.00
37 .0 276 .50

279 .00
286 .50
274 .00
288.50
2 7 1.0 0

38.5
39.0
38 .0
40 .0
37.0

2 34.50 233.0 0
24 6.50 2 4 3 .5 0
225.0 0 226.00
240.00 2 4 3.0 0
2 1 7 .5 0 22 0.50

212.0 0 -25 5.5 0
226.50-272.50
20 3.00-246.5 0
22 7 .50 -2 5 4.0 0
20 1.0 0 -233.50

-

-

252.00 -30 7.50
26 1.5 0 -3 12 .5 0
2 4 6 .5 0 -2 9 8 .0 0
25 5.0 0 -34 3.50
24 1.0 0 -2 8 5.0 0

300
135
165
25
78

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUS INES S, CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUS INES S, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

202
201

31

~
*

6
i
5

8
8
8

16
10
6
6




3
1

2
2
-

-

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

*

*

3C
12
18
7
6

63
27
36
8
19

38
12
26
24

45
17
28
*17
11

4

17

i

4
13
10

1

-

*

-

-

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

1
1
l

-

-

5

20
4
16
16

-

-

-

“

-

*
-

5

75
42
33
2
31

33
6
27
7
19

59
12
47
3
37

67
17
50
5
33

68
23
45
7
34

60
20
40
7
30

59
25
34
10
16

41

22

18

14
27
10
15

a
14
8
2

5
13
11

8
3
5
5

31
14
17
16

17
13
4
3

25
19
6
4

18
8
10
1

31
11
20
9

19
2
17

11
1
10

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

1
l

-

-

3
2
1

-

-

14
6
8
8

2
2

-

1

20
3
17
1
7

15
8
7
5

18
5
13
11

34
15
19
6
9

32
13
19
1
9

37
22
15
3
7

46**196
17
115
29
81
3
17
29
22

31
4
27
2
5

23
5
18

39
18
21
6
15

37
18
19
1
12

38
23
15
8
7

26
12
14
3
1

18
7
11
4
2

17
31
15 ***2l
2
10
1
2

“

-

-

-

-

3
-

2
1
1

2
2

16
2
14

17
9
8

1

1

2

9

6

3

*
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 7 at $280 t o $ 30 0; 3 at $300 t o $320; 3 at $320 t o $ 34 0; and 4 at $340 to $360.
**
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 82 at $280 t o $ 30 0; 35 at $300 to $ 32 0; 27 at $320 to $ 34 0; 35 at $340 to $360; 9 at $360 t o $ 38 0; and 8 at $380 and o v e r .
* * * W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 14 at $280 t o $ 30 0; and 7 at $300 t o $320.
S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

-

-

15

1C

7
3
3

10
3
7
7

3
-

*

1
1

16
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n an d w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

I

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

hours f

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

t

$

$

80

Average

90

100

no

100

110

120

$

t

*

$

$

s

t

t

S

S

t

S

$

*

S

t

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

1
1

4
4

20
20

72
51
21

111
88
23

113
88
25

98
77
21

84
81
3

129
124
5

77
61
16

47
43
4

40
28
12

27
25
2

31
17
14

104
83
21

128
88
40

130
68
62

149
126
23

24
13
11

12

-

-

12

*

“

*

*

237
3

11
10

17
16

15
10

4
4

-

1

1
1

and
u n d er

90

1 --280

120

and

MEN - CONT IN UE D
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------

1,020
837
183

$
$
$
$
39.5 217.00 210.50 184.00-241.50
39.5 216.50 210.50 185.50-235.50
39.5 219.00 205.00 180.50-267.00

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------

1,310
929
381

39.5 184.00 182.50 163.50-209.00
39.5 182.50 179.00 163.00-206.50
39.5 187.00 186.00 164.00-211.50

-

-

_

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CL A S S C -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------

616
379
237

39.5 146.50 140.00 125.50-166.50
39.5 149.00 142.00 125.50-167.50
39.5 142.CO 133.00 125.50-165.50

-

-

-

-

D R AF TS ME N- TR AC ER S ---------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------

89
57

39.5 118.00 121.00 104.C O - 1 3 1 . 00
39.5 117.50 119.00 104.50-129.00

-

_

EL ECTRONIC TE CH NI CI AN S ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------

771
292

40.0 195.50 203.50 184.50-212.00
39.5 187.50 188.50 174.00-203.50

-

_

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------

136

102

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 3 0 . OC 1 3 3 . 5 0
124 .0 0 1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 1 4 .50-137.50

58

3 8 .5

2 3 0 .0 0

2 2 7 .0 0

2 1 2 .50-252.00

122
52
70
52

3 8 .0
3 8.5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 9 2 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0
184 .0 0
1 7 8 .5 0

1 9 5 . OC
2 0 4 .0 0
180.50
1 7 8 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0 1 9 4 .0 0 1 7 3 .5 0 1 6 8 .0 0 -

2 1 0 . CO
2 1 6.00
200.50
194.50

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------FINANCE ----------------------

73
61
50

3 7 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

154.00
146.00
140.50

142 .5 0
141 .5 0
141 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 1 3 1 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 -

1 8 1 . OC
1 5 5 . CO
144.00

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B ---------------

71

3 9 .0

182.50

1 6 7 .5 0 -

204.00

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C ---------------

67

3 9 .0

1 53.00

1 3 4 .5 0 -

1 71.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------

363

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 8 .0

159.50
1 5 8.00
166.50

1 4 4 .5 0 1 4 4 .5 0 1 4 5 .5 0 -

174.00
171.50
1 9 5 . 5C

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S A --------------COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------FINANCE ----------------------

* A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $280 t o $300.
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




294

1 5 8 .5 0
157.00
165.00

-

-

-

-

2
2

64
59
5

68
48
20

134
91
43

172
139
33

162
130
32

154
76
78

61
30
31

86
51
35

33
18
15

36
13
23

25
7

34
16

65
39

no

*

7
6
1

16
6
10

58
48
10

140
63
77

94
59
35

43
42
1

27
17

14
14

24
13

23
12

-

24
24

_

5
2

10
4

44
122
20 *109
24
13
-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

77

22

60
53

6

73
32

139
47

10
8

18

60

-

26
18

-

49
49

23
13

2
20

66

-

-

10
2

11

8

6

5

17
T a b le A -2 a .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a nd w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s 'r e c e i v i n g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

*
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

*
80

M ean 2

M edian 2

Middle range2

and
u n d er

90

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

368
145
223
65
134

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
37.5

$
168.00
173.00
164.50
180.00
156.00

163.00
170.50
160.50
161.00
157.00

$
$
149.00-182.50
156.50-190.50
147.00-178.00
147.50-201.00
143.00-168.50

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

542
243
299
191

38.5
39.5
38.0
37.5

150.00
153.00
147.50
137.00

147.00
150.50
144.50
135.50

133.50-165.00
137.00-165.00
130.00-165.00
125.00-151.50

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

246
119
127
80

39.0
39.5
38.5
37.5

123.00
124.00
122.00
116.00

124.00
125.00
124.00
120.50

110.50-134.50
113.50-135.50
108.00-134.50
102.00-129.00

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

386
166
220
53
142

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.0
38.0

237.00
239.50
235.00
264.00
225.50

234.00
239.00
230.00
259.00
222.00

215.00-258.00
217.50-261.50
213.00-254.00
232.00-288.00
204.00-242.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------FINANCE -------------------------

393
143
250
87
136

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
37.5

202.50
205.00
201.00
226.00
183.00

197.50
204.00
193.00
226.50
182.00

178.50-221.00
188.00-222.00
176.00-219.50
205.00-245.00
171.00-196.50

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

145
57
88

39.0 175.50 178.00 152.50-199.00
39.5 185.50 181.00 171.00-198.00
38.5 169.00 167.50 139.50-200.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

317
175
142
31
80

39.0
39.5
38.0
39.5
37.5

277.50
283.00
270.50
295.00
258.00

274.50
282.00
267.50
288.50
258.50

249.50-299.00
257.50-309.50
243.50-287.50
255.00-343.50
238.50-279.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 -----------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE -------------------------

228
127
101
72

38.5
39.0
37.5
37.0

235.50
247.00
221.00
217.50

234.00
245.00
224.00
219.50

215.50-256.50
22 5.00-274.00
203.00-238.00
198.00-234.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

619
594

40.0 226.00 218.00 195.50-258.00
40.0 226.50 218.00 195.00-258.50

90

i
100

—

s

s

—

100

110

*

120

—

*

130

—

—

$

*

140

150

-

—

-




—

*
230
—

i
240

i
250

*

I
260

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

4
-

8
-

24

68
13
55

51
25
26
-

69

45
24

28

34
23
11

13

1
1
1

4

25
44
4

4
4
-

2

2

3
3

-

24

28
51
25

-

1

4
-

8

-

1

1

4

7

16

27

65
22

100

88

89

36

54

43
38

53
47
42

52
28

35
26

61
28

47
27

33

20

27
8
19

3

25

13

2

5

4

10

8
19

4

9

18

20
6

37

35

14

18
19

21
14

14

13

10

21
1

5

7

3

13

8

4

31

34
5
29

12
2

19
13

270

2

7

280 over

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

_

5

15

5

260

1

10
-

31
24

12
16

280
and

180

8
16
-

i
270

—

170

26
18

16
8

5

7

2

6

2
-

1

8

10

6

25
7
18

32
9
23

6
6
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

.

i

~

-

10

18

28

-

50

6

5

6

9

4

13
2

22

41
3

-

-

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
14
31
9
18

54
25
29
6
19

44
24
20
3
14

28
12
16
7
6

36
15
21
8
12

14
12
2

26
14
12
10
2

20
8
12

16
5
11
11
“

7
4
3
3

10
3
7
7

4
1
3
-

4
17

31

*

*

”

1
1
”

1
1
*

~

1

13

16

23

50
18
32
3
22

49
13
36

55
23
32
7
23

44
20
24
7
16

38
21
17
10
5

7
-

5
25

-

-

8
2

“

“

4

11

1
1

8
-

6
-

12

8

6

20
14

12

3

8

5

4

6

4

23
11
12

15
2
13

9
i

6

14
1
13

10

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
1

13
3
10
1

15
8
7
-

-

1

7

5

12
4

_

-

-

_
-

-

_

-

-

_

_
-

1
1

1
1
1

-

4
4

_
-

1

~

_

-

11
10
1

5

-

2
2

1

6
-

2

2

18
18

2
1
1
1
25

24

2

8

12
2
10
9

17
9
6

3

23
5
18
15

47
45

32
32

50
49

53
50

103
98

8

8

_

-

2

_

39
17
22
*17
5

17
4
13
10
“

1
1
”

3
3

16
5
11
11

34
15
19
6
9

25
13
12
1
9

37
22
15
3
7

38**136
17
90
46
21
17
3
14
17

29
18
11
11

29
10
19
12

35
23
12
7

14
12
2
1

13
7

17
22
15 ***21
2
1
2
~

52
48

34
30

28
28

27
25

19
17

-

8

2
2

-

*
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 7 at $280 to $300; 3 at $300 to $ 32 0; 3 at $320 to $ 340; and 4 at $340 to $360.
**
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s : 59 at $280 to $300; 29 at $300 to $ 32 0; 21 a t $320 to $ 340; 22 at $340 to $ 36 0; and 5 at $360 and o v e r .
* * * W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 14 at $280 to $300; and 7 at $300 to $320.
t
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $280 to $ 30 0.
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s

—

—

t
220

160

1

2
2
2

—

i
210

150

-

4

-

200

140

-

4
-

$

190

130

-

-

—

*

180

120

-

-

$

170

110

-

-

*

160

6

2

-

16
16

1
1
*

110
tl09

18
T a b le A -2 a .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a nd w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

i
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

*
80

Middle range2

$
90

t

100

$
110

*

120

$

130

t

140

I

150

$

160

$

170

i

180

s

190

200

i

$
210

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

-

and
u n d er
90

I

i

220

-

230

240

$

$

798
754

40.0
40.0

189.00
189.00

190.50
190.00

168.50168.00-

211.50
211.50

DRAFTSMEN, CL A S S C -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------

305
289

40.0
40.0

157.00
157.00

155.00
155.00

134.50134.50-

174.00
174.50

40.0
40.0

116.50
116.50

117.00
117.00

104.00104.00-

130.50
130.50

38.0
37.5

132.00
125.50

135.50
132.50

117.50115.50-

140.00
138.00

$

D R AF TS ME N- TR AC ER S --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------

COMP UT ER OP ERATORS, CLASS 8 ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------

106
87

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------

$
29
29
37
36

43
40

67
67

37
36

34
30

86
82
53
51

106
52
54

38.0
38.5
37.5

194.00
203.50
184.50

195.50
204.00
179.50

177.50194.00175.00-

14
13

87
82

101

75

88

68

-

49
49

17
17

39
39

211.00
216.00
198.50

NURSES, IN DUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

317
252
65

39.5
39.5
38.0

161.50
160.00
166.00

161.50
161.00
163.00

146.50147.00142.50-

174.50
173.00
196.00




22
18

84
75

214.00-246.00

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S B --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

94
91

22
2

14
11
3

29
23
6

58
53
5

58
51
7

23
13

16

12

127
126

250

-

MEN - C O NT IN UE D
DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S 8 -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------

i

240

13
13

250

-

{--------i------- {----260

260

270

270

280

and
280

over

19
T a b le A -3 .

O f f ic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a —N .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
Average

Average

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

OFFICE

MACHINE

R C 1n l L

Weekly
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)
Weekly

286
132
156

217
58
159
51

38.0
39.5
37.5
38.5

OPERATORS.

•>59

38 0
38.0
38.0

-

1,166
55
56
782

116 50
126.50
101.00

3 7 .5

37.5
37.0
38.0

107.50
109.00
106.50

51
56

37.0
39.0

r U o L lv

U lI L L 1 1 1 j

306
295
616
161

38.0
39.0
37.5
60.0
38.0

136.50
165.00

r U B L lw

Ul 1L 11ltd

K t 1A IL

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

SECRETARIESy

CLASS

A

38. 5
39.0

$
167.00
168.00
164.00
194.00
161.00

62

3 9 .5
36.0

158.50

203.50

1 K AU L

38.5

95.00

927

38.5
38.5
38.0
38.0

122.00

140

3 9 .5

113.50
119.00

12 0

38.5

RETAIL

133.00

159

38.0

169.00

30

161.50

SFRV1TFS

TRADE

SERVICES

95

39.0

108.00
116.00

RETAIL

—— —— ———————————

610
78

38.5
38.0
39.0

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5
38.5

37*5
39.0
36.5

108*50
113.50
102.00

125.00
127.00

38.0
37.0
39.5

113.50
108.50
109.50

961
1,566

38.5
38.0

102.50
103.00
115.50
111.50

* 6^7
*
860
*'?nn

129.00

Tn*'

569
183

110.50

277
63
158

38.0
38.5

1 18.50
120.50
117.00

37.0

93.00
102.50

136

39 0
38.5

97l00
110.50

38.0

130.00

38.5
39.0
38.0

IK A U t

636

37.5

255
656
156

111.50
118.50
108.00
162.00
109.50

36.5
38.0

261

966
1,092

115.50
119.00
136.50

3,288
1,165
2,123
298
389

39 0
38.5

1 to '0

163

TRADE

161.00

36.5
37.0

„* • *

1*1

112.50
106.50
105.00

5

3 9 .5 1 6 6 . 5 0

1

NONMANUFACTURING

613
305

MANUFACTURING

-

Number
of
workers

125

NONMANUFACTURING

RETAIL TRADE
FINANCE
SERVICES

82.00
102.00
80.50
80.50

OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES

K t 1A 1 L

102.50
86.00

2,286
1,006
1,282

38.5
39.0
37.0

$
82.00

.

OPERATORS,

IK A U t

Average

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

95

369
131
218
n t 1A I L

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE

3 7 .5

341
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

1,272

FINANCE

155
106

Number
of

CONTINUED

102.00
113.50
98.00
88.50

(BOOKKEEPING

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

OCCUPATIONS

$
38.0 116.00
38.0 110.50
37.5 120.50

(BILLING

1R mUl

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

BILLERS. MACHINE
MACHINE)

BILLERS.

Number
of

___
3 .
2,090
83
686
220

1 5 8 l 50

39*0
3 7 .0 1 1 7 . 0 0
38.0

115.50

38.0
39.0

111.50
117.50

99.00

FINANCE

MANU FACTURING

P n UL t wA L t

1 l,A U L

RETAIL TRADE
FINANCE

38.0
38.5
37.5
38.5
38.0
37.0

90.50
78.50
88.00

1 AK It j
MANUFACTURING

1st VA I L




——— — —

— ————— ———————— —— ——

38.0
38.5
38.5
37.0
38.0

11,656
6,556
6,902

97.00
93.50
95.50
81.00
87.00

39.0
37.5

163.50
136.50

36.5

127.50
131.00

39.5

122.50

265
122

'0*0
38.5
38.5
37.5

162*00
163.00
120.50

198
182

3 9 .0 1 2 8 . 5 0
3 7 .0 1 1 6 . 5 0

38

1 H AUL

j t K V 1L t j

See fo o tn o te a t end o f t a b le s .

—

92.00
97.50
90.00

162
52
616

—

3 9 .0

70
281
191

—— —— —

1,029
317

2,693

N U n R A n U rA L 1U K ln u

876
218
658

MANUFACTURING

0

20
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a.—N .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
A v t r ijt

Average

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y divis i o n

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

OFFICE O C C U PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED
SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------RE TAIL TRADE -------------------FI NA NC E -------------------------SE RVICES -------------------------

850
201
649
91
212
90
208

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.5
38.0
37.5
37.5

$
106.00
115.50
103.00
138.50
94.00
101.50
96.50

SWITCH BO AR D 0 P ER AT 0R -R EC EP T1 0N IS TS M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE -------------------------SE RVICES -------------------------

1,086
605
481
44
183
115

110

38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
39.0
36.5
39.0

105.50
105.00
106.50
122.00
106.50
104.00
104.00

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

171
125

39.0 165.50
39.0 173.00

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------

242
123
119

38.5 132.50
39.5 138.50
37.5 126.00

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

179
145

38.5 116.50
38.0 115.50

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L -------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE -----------FINANCE ---------------------

819
120
699
106
377

37.5
37.5
37.5
39.0
37.0

107.00
108.00
107.00
119.00
99.50

1,330
563
767
147
137
328
141

38.5
39.5
37.5
39.0
38.5
36.0
38.5

111.50
114.50
109.00
135.00
107.50
97.50
113.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------WH OL ES AL E TRAOE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------FINANCE --------------------------

3,792
810
2,982
120
349
278
1,687

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
93.00
38.0
99.00
38.5
91.50
37.5
39.0 120.00
39.0
92.00
90.00
38.5
36.5
89.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N0NMA'*IF ACTURI N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

468
183
285
78
147

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
38.0

170.50
176.50
167.00
182.00
156.50

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE --------------------------

1,039
405
634
109
167
298

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
38.0
37.5

143.00
149.00
139.00
146.00
150.CO
131.00

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

427
212
215
140

39.0 1 2 2 . 0 0
39.5 123.50
38.5 120.50
38.0 117.00

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

560
219
341
63
223

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.0
37.5

237.00
235.50
238.00
260.50
232.00

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

690
246
444
102
277

38.0
39.0
38.0
39.0
37.0

195.00
197.00
194.00
220.50
184.00

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

N u m b ,,
of
woiben

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
s
tandard) (
standard)

PR OF ESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED
COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C MA NU FA CT UR IN G --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
FINANCE --------

285
104
181
119

38.0
39.0
37.5
37.0

$
166.50
174.50
162.00
145.00

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

448
210
238
56
111

38.5
39.5
37.5
38.5
37.0

282.00
287.00
277.50
287.00
274.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------FINANCE --------------------------

336
152
184
25
97

38.0
38.5
37.5
40.0
37.0

233.50
245.50
223.50
240.00
216.50

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S C -------------------

63

38.0 213.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,030
847
183

39.5 216.50
39.5 216.00
39.5 219.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------SE RVICES -------------------------

1,381
978
403
321

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

184.00
182.00
188.00
188.50

See fo o t n o t e a t end o f ta b les,




683
418
265

39.5 147.00
39.5 148.00
39.5 145.00

DRAF TS ME N- TR AC ER S -------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

175
70
105

39.0 118.50
39.0 116.00
38.5 120.50

ELECTRONIC TE CHNICIANS -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

771
292

40.0 195.50
39.5 187.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

TYPISTS, CL AS S A ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S WH OLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE ----------SE RVICES ----------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ■
MA NU FA CT UR IN G N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

368
299
69

39.5 159.50
39.5 158.00
38.0 166.50

21

T a b l e A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a nd t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
Av« rage

Av erage
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 eamings 1
(standard" (standard)

of

Av

Number

Number

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

of

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
eamings 1
(standard)

Number

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

of
workers

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED
$
38.5 100.50 SW ITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

Weekly
hours 1
(standard]

Weekly
eamings *
(standard)

58

$
60.0 153.00

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B

69

37.5

CL ER KS t ACCOUNT ING• CLASS A

K t 1A I L

699
276
56

1 KAUL

97.50

1,118

39.0 131.50
36.0 115.50
3T.0 122.00

1,692

40.0 181.00

139.50
193.50
132.00
126.00

167
51

39.5 138.00
163.50
38.5 127.00

39.0 185.50

156

38.5 118.50

267

38.0 105.00

38*0 102*00
38.5
86.00 TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
37.0
83.50
39.0 165.50

1*997
309
316
1,266

38*0
39.0
38.0
37.5

39.0 120.50

~
FINANCE

616
CLERKSf ACCOUNTING* CLASS B

$
39.5 116.50

6,923

38.5 160.00

69
251
132

NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

ME SSENGERS C0FFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)-

101

102

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE}

•
RETAIL TRADE
FINANCE
CLERKS* FILE* CLASS A

187
683
137
217
90

1,356

60.0 159.50
38.5
37.0
97.00
38.5 110.50
39.5 120.50

6CC
122
83
219

wm~* " n n
1UU.UU

NO NM AN UF AC TURING

37.5
37.5

716
631
33

37.5
82.50
82.50
37.5
37.5 105.00
62.00

1,956
1,601
353

RETAIL TRADE

NONMANUF AC TURING
RETAIL TRADE

336
211
125
59

39.0
39.5
38.0
38.5

272
229

38.0 1 1 1 . 0 0
38.0 112.50
105.00

1,302

39.0 121.50
39.5

K t

i s

IL

1 KAUL

MANUFACTURING

FINANCE
318

MANUF ACTURING

FINANC E
S ee fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le s .




37*5 107.00
38.5 106.50
39.0
38.5 103.00
38.5 119.50
109.00
3T*"

3'"6

38.5
39.0
38.0
38.5
39.0
37.5
39 5
60.0
38.0
38.0

..._
30 5
39.0 128.00
37.5 115.50
37.0 108.50

g

39.0 117.50
117.00
38*0
39.0 135.00
37.0 103.00

*14

39.0
39.0 128.50
38.5 90.50
89.50

382
165
237
72
161

39.0 168.50
39.5 173.00
38.5 165.50
186.00
38.0 155.50

668
262
386
100
221

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
37.5

167.00
156.00
162.50
167.00
136.50

127
160
87

39.0
39.5
38.5
37.5

123.50
125.50
122.00
116.50

636
188

38.5 236.00
39.0 238.50

60
162

39.0 266.50
38.0 226.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

129.50
125.50
139.50
116.50

175
92
65

MANUFA CT UR IN G — — — — — — — — — —— — —— ——

115.00
121.00
112.00
137.00
106.00
101.00

973
698
275
90

135.50
151.50
109.50
108.50

1,309
618
891
153

38.0 118.00

1,730
600
1,130
295
86
700

FI NA NC E —— —

3A7
165
166

271

38.5 129.00
39.0 130.00
38.0 126.50

UKUf cK

CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS

37.5 101.00
826

n

233
176

261
*

to

150.50
IT ^
38*0 1*9*00
38.5 129.00
37.0 126.00

19 0
39.0 130.50
39.0 106.00
95.00
38.5

j

MA NU FA CT UR IN G

39*0
38.0 139.00
37.5 167.50

"^98
163
659

CA

131
175
95

1»L w K a

39.0 166.00
^a*n

100 00
91.00
89.50

A
.

NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

855
2,116
2

#

39 0 l H 50
139
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* 39.5 118.50 — CO MPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
CLASS 6 —— — — — —
268
39.0 112.00
60.0 163.50
1 rfl
30.5
97.50

22
T a b l e A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la rg e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----- C o n t i n u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n ,
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1971)
Average

Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

Average
Number

Number

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

of
worker*

Weekly
hour* 1
[standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CO MP U T E R PR0GRAMERS,

$
38.5 200.50
30A
99

■A
%

69
119
71

MANU PA CT U R 1NG

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

283*50
38.0 270.00
38.5 287.00
37*5 256*50

175
56

PUBLIC UT ILITIES

189.00
40.0 188.50
14/

3

I?* *

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

n 23A.50

173.50
120

38.0 213.50

155.50
155.00

30* ^
37.5 219.50
37.0 216.50

53

38.5 165.50
37.5 1A5.00

$
40.0 225.50

*

C O MP UT ER PR 0GRAMERS,

626

$

oo
o o

IT®

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

38.0 198.00
39.0 222.00
37»> 183*00

Weekly
hour* 1
(standard)

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

PR OF ES SI ON AL AN0 TECHNICAL
O C CU PA TI ON S - CONT IN UE D

Number
of

O c c u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

NURSES,
COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*
BUSINESS* CLASS C

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

322

--------

39.5 161.50
38*0 166.00

S ee fo o t n o t e at en d o f t a b le s .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c cup atio ns

T a b le A -4 .

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

1
2

Median 2

Middle range

2

5

3.00

Number
of
workers

3.10 3.20 3.30 3.A0 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90

U n der
$
and
3.00 u n d er

i

i

t

I

s

s

I

1

i

I

A . 00

i

A . 20 A . A 0

t
s
t
*
A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.20

i
$
$
*
5. A 0 5.6C 5.80 6.00

S
6.20
and

3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3 60 3 70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.20 4 .40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 o v e r
HEN
$

C A RP EN TE RS , MA IN TE NA NC E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S RE TA IL TRADE -----FINANCE ------------

*

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l l o w s :

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




811
577
23A
3A
8A
100

$

$

A . 73
A . 50
5.28
A.6A
7.16
A . 25

A.A8
A.A9
A.A7
A . 15
7.63
A . A3

4.214.244.074.057.253.79-

16 at $ 7 . 2 0

to $ 7 . 4 0 ;

$
4.96
4.93
7.28
5.25
7.67
4.47

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

1

18
18

3
3

19
17
2

43
15
28

20
19
1
17

2

25

1

12
10
2

70
46
24

138
131
7
6

2

4

i

1

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

“

53 at $ 7 . 6 0 to $ 7 . 8 0 ; and 2 at $ 7 . 8 0 and o v e r .

176
112
64
2
62

30
28
2
-

2

111
110
1
-

1
“

70
63
7
3
3
1

8
2
6
6
*

-

1
-

1
1

-

“
-

-

7

-

7
7

74
3
*71
-

-

71

*

*

23
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1971)

Hourly earnings3
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f —

t
$
t
t
t
$
(
$
t
*
t
$
$
$
*
i
$
i
t
i
*
T —
3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20
Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

and

%

and

3.00 u n d er

3.10 3.?0 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5,20 5,40 ?.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 o v e r
MEN - CO NTINUED
ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------FINANCE --------------------------

2,360
2,030
330
136

$
4.61
4.55
5.00
4.28

$
4.52
4.49
5.04
4.39

$
4.274.274.273.60-

$
4.96
4.91
5.76
4.68

-

3
3
~

“

-

13
13
“

-

91
53
38
36

5
5
“

53
53
“

101
100
1

44
43
1
1

156
130
26
26

407
378
29
6

429
396
33
33

276
269
7
2

285
273
12
*

172
135
37
30

144
127
17

37
34
3
2

73
2
71
*

6
6

37
37

28
19
9
”

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------SERVICES ------------------------

962
523
439
74

4.42
4.47
4.35
3.47

4.52
4.39
4.71
3.15

4.024.123.892.84-

4.83
4.83
4.84
3.94

28
28
*27

8
8
6

20
6
14
9

8
8
7

16
13
3
“

7
1
6
-

1
1
-

18
16
2
“

18
15
3

68
31
37
-

39
20
19
17

98
48
50
-

128
120
8

49
38
11

202
72
130
“

85
50
35
“

64
34
30
-

70
34
36
“

9
7
2
2

18
17
1
-

6
6
6

1
1
-

1
1

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

411
325

3.81
3.92

3.77
3.91

3.35- 4.22
3.63- 4.26

3
3

6
6

3
-

80
8

22
22

16
16

24
24

8
8

60
60

8
8

63
58

10
10

43
43

34
34

20
14

11
11

_

_

“

-

-

_

HELPERS, MA INTENANCE TRADES -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

974
834
140

3.72
3.70
3.84

3.78
3.78
3.85

3.47- 4.12
3.50- 4.09
3.25- 4.49

69
54
15

52
52
-

21
4
17

24
18
6

33
33
-

64
50
14

20
7
13

28
24
4

210
209
1

126
125
1

21
11
10

148
134
14

43
34
9

84
78
6

7
1
6

24

-

24

MA CH INE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

485
485

4.27
4.27

4.24
4.24

3.99- 4.48
3.99- 4.48

3
3

3
3

-

_

_

18
18

35
35

6
6

5
5

53
53

100
100

47
47

136
136

A
4

24
24

44
44

-

-

-

3
3

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

2,131
1,984
147
144

4.67
4.63
5.22
5.26

4.78
4.74
5.26
5.27

4.194.174.284.28-

4.99
4.98
6.14
6.14

-

2
2
-

-

-

31
31
-

8
5
3

58
58
-

12
12
-

131
131
-

72
72
-

235
235
-

189
144
45
45

219
218
1
1

116
103
13
13

547
546
1
1

123
123
“

188
171
17
17

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

2,257
540
1,717
917
101

4.66
4.61
4.70
5.20
4.33

A . 77
4.57
4.91
5.14
4.16

4.124.184.114.934.11-

5.23
4.99
5.25
5.39
4.59

7

8
i
7

7

205
18
187

160
13
147

34
16
18

349
95
254

90
49
41
34
“

162
98
64
A6
8

114
70
44
38
6

278
52
226
216
10

214
39
175
145
8

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2,696
2,606
90

4.39
4.38
4.58

4.47
4.46
4.75

4.06- 4.67
4.05- 4.67
4.51- 4.98

124
115
9

22
22

64
6A

147
147

238
229
9

365
365
“

568
548
20

466
462
4

210
185
25

MI LLWRIGHTS --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

674
674

4.92
4.92

5.12
5.12

4.43- 5.43
4.43- 5.43

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

538
314
224
31

4.31
4.45
4.12
5.07

4.35
4.39
4.32
5.09

3.974.123.634.29-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1,209
1,149

4.67
4.62

4.71
4.67

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE -MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

205
195

4.43
4.43

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

1,778
1,778

4.75
4.75

*
**

W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s :
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s :

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s




_

_

_
-

7

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

7

7

69
-

-

-

3

135
135

-

-

101
101
-

7
7

-

-

12
12

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

38
4.79
4.92
4.39 **38
5.65
-

A
4

6
6
*

-

-

9
4
5
“

A
4
-

4.33- 4.98
4.32- 4.97

-

-

-

-

27
27

22
22

20

20

4.35
4.36

4.25- 4.62
4.27- 4.63

-

*

1
i

_

2
2

6

-

“

6

"

4.82
4.82

4.37- 5.16
4.37- 5.16

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

_

24

*
-

-

_

*

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

4
2
2
2

1
1
1

60
2
58
58

22
22

41
29
12
12

77
30
47
47
“

161
161
161
*

121
112
9

5
4
1

2
2

“

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

3
3
-

6
6
“
8
8

•

-

-

113
107
6
6

343
30
313
218
*
“

125
115
10

-

*

_
-

-

*

-

-

_

-

-

*

46
46

92
92

77
77

21
21

47
47

95
95

47
47

230
230

12
12
”

22
16
6
-

20
19
1
“

27
24
3
-

38
27
11
5

166
70
96
3

30
28
2
“

30
29
1
“

77
75
2

23
14
9
9

3
1
2

7
7

13
13
13

-

22
22

32
32

32
32

13
13

43
39

159
156

159
158

105
105

324
324

103
102

100
89

4

-

1
“

35

1

2

19
10

103
103

17
17

19
19

11
11

13
13

8
8

_

_

_

-

2

2
2

1

1

-

-

*

9
9

30

127
127

274
274

296
296

110
110

168
168

338
338

374
374

23
23

2
2

-

.

_

30

-

15 at $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 7 0 ; 9 at $ 2 . 8 0 to $ 2 . 9 0 ; and 3 at $ 2 . 9 0 to $ 3 .
8 at $ 2 . 5 0 to $ 2 . 6 0 ; 3 at $ 2 . 6 0 to $ 2 . 7 0 ; 26 at $ 2 . 7 0 to $ 2 . 8 0 ; and

24

1 at $ 2 . 9 0 to $ 3 .

1

24
T a b le A -4 a .

M a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J . , N o v e m b e r ,
N.
N u m be

Hourly earnings3

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1971)

o f w o r k e r s r e c e iving s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

*

t

t

t
S
$
*
%
*
$
%
$
*
*
s
$
)
*
$
S
*
TTn^ er 3.10 3.20 3.30 3. 40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3. 80 3.90 4 . 0 0 4. 10 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5. 60 5.80 6 .00 6.20
U d
M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$

and
3.10 u n d er
3 .2 0

and

3.30 3.40 3. 50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3. 90 4.00 4 . 1 0 4 . 20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5,00 5,20 5.40 5.60 5. 80 6.00 6 .20 o v e r

MEN
$
471

$

4.61

$ __

$ _

18
18

4 . 3 4 - 4 .9 5

7 22
7.62

77

7.11

1,592
190

1 66
5.57

'61
5 .7 4

t 3?
5.18- 5.99

507

4.55

4.63

4.12- 5.05

8
3

1

7.24- 7.66

J

12
10

122
121

20

101
97

30
28

111
110

70
63

8

67

1

*6 4
64

1

1
2-0
3

5

1

1

135

^*66

5.03

A"

5" 6

1

1

*3

8

j?
rz

1f
16

9

60
46

/ -c
>
3
639
514
125

3.87
4.00

3.79
3.97

3.64- 4.20
3.70- 4.18
3.46
4.j9

285
285

4.42
4.42

4.41
4.41

4.13- 4.91
4.13- 4.91

1,545
1,411
134
131

x ol
5 27
5.31

4.91
4.90

4.58- 5.20
4.60- 5.10

355

4.83

MACHIN E- TO OL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
1HA 1 ™ ILnAPILL J
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

667
326
274

5.52

4.76

4.65- 5.28
4.54- 5.20
^*70

*

-

-

-

7
5

9
-*•56

*

*

50

49

78

11

J
4.45

21
11
to

25
22

99
68

3

**

-

5

15
15

3

61
61

34
34

20
20

26
4.0

133

55

42
12
30

fy
3

43

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

4

10
10

30
30

4.28- 4.88

30

, 9;

12
12

4.50
4.45
5.05
5.20

4.18- 4.96
4.19- 4.93
4.13- 5.65

5 I 15

7
4.90

ii

J
*

23
23

74

4

24
24

44

-

-

141

134
133

1 00
1 00

547

111
111

188

113

17
17

9
6

2

182
30

38
29

74
30

34

9

£4

1

36
22

93
47

4.43
4.44

4.35
4.36

4.26- 4.62
4.27- 4.64

4.99
4.99

5.07
5.07

102

67

19

84

18
17

64

8

37

24

135
52

106
32

-

-

2

2

1
2

22

1
1

50
58

14
-

-

1

35

8
8

-

-

-

9

83

52

244

217

406

177

115

112

42
42
20

92
92

77
77

21
21

47
47

95
95

47
47

20
19

63
60

30
28

23
22

77
75

23
14

230
230
13
13

4.38- 4.98

203
193

40

33

71

84
78

35

4.44- 5.43
4.44- 5.43

125
17

27

28
19

70
34
36

50

,
1

16
15
1

234

268
1-2

10

45

5.13
5.13

4.50

274

^4

38
38

23
23

328
19

8

-r
i

142
141
1

1

4.61

/ -it
7*4?
4.71

4.79- 5.28

W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as f o l lo w s :




-

t
j
28
24

1'

4.55

1 007
1,027

SH EE T- ME TA L W O R K E R S , MAINTENANCE —

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s

6

2

47
1

5*36

1,121
1,121

A iI 1L N A 1 wL.
,
,

22
16

1

8
8 17*

1

25

15

2

20

1

4.27- 6.14

28
r 1 , L 1 1 1 1LK j |

19
2

36

45

r " nn

1» 586

20
20

1J

fr

1

37

9
3

1

^ -Q r -Q
J -I

22
-

1

-

18
18

2

6

6

16 at $ 7 . 2 0 to $ 7 . 4 0 ; 46 at $ 7 . 6 0 to $ 7 . 8 0 ; and 2 at $ 7 . 8 0 and o v e r .

8
8
-

26
26

1

-

14
14
2

29
25

159
156

129
128

105
105

324
324

103
102

1 00

-

19
10

103
103

17
17

19
19

11
11

13
13

8
8

1

11
11

83

120
120

62
62

102
102

338
338

374
374

23
23

83

89
-

25
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

H
ourly earnings ^

S
S
$
$
*
*
$
*
S
S
t
*
s
S
$
S
*
$
*
t
1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

N ber
um
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

workers

M ^ M
ean
edian^

Middle range ^

S
*
S
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

and
under
1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

over

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

5 ,8 3 1
1 ,3 0 7
4 ,5 2 4

$
2 .3 7
3 .3 6
2 .0 9

$
1 .9 9
3 .3 1
1 .8 9

$
1 .8 3 3 .0 0 1 .8 1 -

$
2 .9 9
3 .8 6
2 .0 9

30
30

GUARDS
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

3 .4 3

3 . 2 0 - 4 .0 1

-

-

-

-

30

-

-

22
22
22
-

8
2
6
6
-

40
12
28
4
5
19

109
27
82
54
28

248
62
186
68
2
116

24
20
4

60
32
28

120
46
74

122
52
70

109
61
48

4

28

74

69

23
9
14
14

989 1453
34
989 1419

510
12
498

505
12
493

67
21
46

204
21
183

154
56
98

272
47
225

194
123
71

381
142
239

341
255
86

219
198
21

99
22
77

76
74
2

183
171
12

96
61
35

19
19

1
1

28
28

9
9

“

i
i

4

12

12

21

18

14

47

30

100

239

197

17

71

164

61

18

-

27

1

-

-

-

3

42

-

93

42

-

i

274 1779
68
12
262 1711
3
2
85
148
19
2
175 1539

561
252
309
8
46
143
35
77

982 1610
284
685
698 925
7
3
10
53
119
22
489
825
77
18

-

-

-

-

171
83
88

195
142
53

134
73
61

884
259
625

48

84

30
22

10
51

256
243
13
13

16
9
7
7
-

169
85
84
84
~

99
45
54
54
“

1 ,0 5 3

3 .4 7

WATCHMEN
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

254

2 .9 2

2 .8 6

2 . 5 7 - 3 .1 3

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE ------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

9 ,2 4 8
4 ,0 3 2
5 ,2 1 6
511
194
815
1 ,5 5 2
2 ,1 4 4

2 .8 9
3 .1 9
2 .6 6
3 .4 7
2 .9 3
2 .5 4
2 .8 5
2 .3 4

2 .8 6
3 .2 3
2 .6 0
3 .4 2
2 .9 6
2 .4 3
2 .8 3
2 .3 4

2 .3 9 2 .9 1 2 .3 3 3 .0 8 2 .5 9 2 .1 7 2 .7 7 2 .3 1 -

3 .3 0
3 .5 5
2 .8 8
3.6 5
3 .2 5
2 .7 6
2 .8 8
2 .3 8

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

7 ,0 5 8
3 ,5 6 0
3 ,4 9 8
1 ,1 6 5
1 ,4 7 5
852

3 .5 4
3 .3 5
3 .7 5
4 .6 7
3 .3 9
3 .1 0

3 .5 1
3 .4 6
3 .7 5
4 .9 1
3 .2 2
3 .1 3

2 .9 3 3 .0 6 2 .8 8 4 .8 2 2 .8 6 2 .1 8 -

4 .0 1
3 .7 4
4 .8 6
4 .9 6
3 .8 7
3 .7 3

-

OROER
FILLERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

4 ,0 0 3
1 ,4 7 2
2 ,5 3 1
1 ,4 6 1
1 ,0 7 0

3 .7 3
3 .2 0
4 .0 3
3 .6 9
4 .5 0

3 .6 8
3 .4 4
4 .4 8
3 .4 9
4 .6 5

3 .2 7 2 .5 4 3 .4 5 3 .0 9 4 .6 2 -

4 .6 3
3 .6 6
4 .6 6
4 .4 2
4 .6 8

16
16
16

2
2
2

34

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,7 9 6
1 ,2 6 0
536
435
101

3 .1 4
3 .2 1
3 .0 0
3 .1 6
2 .3 0

3 .3 1
3 .2 9
3 .3 3
3 .3 5
2 .0 9

2 .5 6 2 .7 4 2 .2 7 2 .6 2 1 .8 8 -

3 .6 0
3 .6 5
3.41
3 .4 5
2 .4 3

“

12
10
2
2
“

44
10
34
2
32

18
18
2
16

40
32
8
5
3

19
19
4
15

230
144
86
76
10

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,0 0 9
463
546
283
247

3 .6 4
3 .6 1
3 .6 5
3 .8 1
3 .5 6

3 .7 8
3 .7 5
3 .8 2
4 .0 8
3 .6 8

3 .1 9 3 .2 7 2 .8 6 3 .3 4 2 .8 6 -

4 .3 0
3 .8 9
4 .5 2
4 .5 5
4 .3 5

2
2
2

“

20
20
20

-

3
3
3

5
5
2

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

815
408
407
369

3 .6 2
3 .4 8
3 .7 5
3 .7 7

3 .4 9
3 .4 2
3 .8 6
3 .9 3

3 .1 4 3 .0 9 3 .3 1 3 .3 1 -

4 .0 9
3 .8 4
4 .5 2
4 .5 3

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1
“

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

497
245
252
113

3 .4 8
3 .4 2
3 .5 3
3 .8 5

3 .5 5
3 .5 6
3 .5 5
3 .8 1

3 .1 8 3 .2 4 3 .0 4 3 .5 4 -

3.8 1
3 .7 0
4 .0 5
4 .7 7

*

-

-

-

17
17
17

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------ 1 2 ,8 0 2
2 ,5 8 7
MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------- 1 0 ,2 1 5
7 ,0 8 9
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------2 ,4 0 9
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------587
RETAIL TRADE -------------------130
SERVICES ------------------------

5 .0 5
4 .6 4
5 .1 5
5 .2 0
5 .1 5
5 .0 3
3 .0 7

5 .2 4
4 .8 2
5 .2 4
5 .2 5
5 .2 3
5 .2 5
3 .0 7

5 .2 0 4 .3 3 5 .2 1 5 .2 2 5 .1 0 5 .2 2 2 .5 7 -

5 .2 7
5 .2 3
5 .2 8
5 .2 8
5 .2 7
5 .2 7
3 .3 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

34
18
16

“

16

1

5

3

7

-

1

1

1

8

771 1019
472
865
299
154
132
71
18
30
53
26
54
1
26
42

671
468
203
136
7
20
31
9

643
458
185
56
22
24
77
6

348
327
21
10

34
17
17
3

99
17
82
82

16
16
-

14
4
10
-

_
-

-

1
1
9

11
3

-

16
-

10
-

-

-

602
23

410
309
101
2
60
39

909
503
406
84
267
55

857
730
127
5
122

602
509
93
28
40
25

664
400
264
104
131
29

484
316
168
124
44

10
7
3
1
2

36
18
18
2
16

181 1065
181 1065
923
126
80
55
62

21
21
21
-

-

-

103
66
37
37
-

88
44
44
44
-

141
35
106
106
~

235
132
103
102
1

624
299
325
300
25

312
278
34
25
9

238
72
166
166
-

41
23
18
18
-

115
48
67
67
-

15
9
6
6

27
27
-

-

64
64
64
-

96
78
18
16
2

83
69
14
14
-

28
19
9
8
i

186
176
10
3
7

384
203
181
181
-

213
168
45
31
14

96
94
2
1
1

201
111
90
90

113
113
-

17
17
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

9
9
-

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

69
6
63
40
12

14
4
10
10

39
13
26
20
6

36
21
15
15

68
57
11
6
5

60
38
22
12
9

121
59
62
34
27

75
46
29
6
23

162
128
34
15
19

51
27
24
14
10

124
59
65
24
41

84
5
79
78
1

47
47
12
35

17
17
10
7

12
12
12
-

-

_
-

6
6
6

20
20
20

46
12
34
32

59
51
8
4

108
88
20
20

93
41
52
48

77
56
21
20

74
38
36
25

114
69
45
35

20
4
16
14

50
33
17
17

137
15
122
122

3
3
-

4
4
4

1
1
-

-

2
2
2

11
11
-

36
11
25

-

8
4
4
1

25
17
8
“

28
3
25
-

44
36
8
-

125
73
52
26

78
46
32
12

36
24
12
12

35
19
16
-

1
1
“

7
1
6
-

26
26
26

19
19
19

-

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

22
3
19

51
13
38

-

38
31
7

95
61
34
1

108
75
33
12

120
62
58
21

64
46
18
4

222
108
114
60

-

-

16
3

38

“

7

33

21

30
7

14

7
7

185
70
115
102
6
7

482
458
24
24
*

337
185
152
143
9
-

121
92
29
5
24
“

998
445
553
60
493
*

9098
783
8315
6345
1463
507
*

586
107
479
333
128
18

40
“

“

197 1188
27
21
170 1167
170
170
99 7
-

275
48
227
3
222
2

26
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l a n d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
Hourly earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
$
$
$
S
S
*
S
*
t
t
1 --------- $
S
$
$
*
t
$
$
$
S
$
*
1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

-

1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0

3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

MEN - C O NT IN UE D
TR UC KD RI VE RS - C O NT IN UE D
TRUC KD RI VE RS , LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS I ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------SE RVICES ------------------------

297
94
203
116

$
3.57
3.45
3.62
3.12

$
3.36
3.35
3.37
3.10

$
3.013.033.002.58-

$
3.96
3.68
4.05
3.40

TR UCKORlVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ----------------

4,106
997
3,109
1,816
1,241

5.00
4.55
5.14
5.21
5.11

5.23
4.81
5.24
5.25
5.23

4. 86 4.355.215.225.18-

5.27
4.87
5.27
5.28
5.27

TR UC KDRIVERS, HE AV Y (OVER A TONS
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ----------------

5,556
678
4,878
3,562
838

5.19
5.05
5.21
5.24
5.11

5.25
5.24
5.25
5.25
5.19

5.224.625.225.234.89-

5.28
5.29
5.28
5.28
5.26

TR UC KD RI VE RS . HEAVY (OVER A TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------

1,039
437
602
319
242

5.04
4.65
5.33
5.18
5.53

5.24
5.21
5.25
5.25
5.26

5.204.315.225.225.21-

5.28
5.26
5.29
5.27
5.84

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------

4,496
3,635
861
417
421

3.82
3.69
4.37
4.07
4.63

3.69
3.62
4.71
4.17
4.72

3.373.344.143.274.56-

4.22
4.05
4.77
4.77
4.77

TRUCKERS. POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------

453
445

3.74
3.72

3.69
3.69

3.41- 3.99
3.41- 3.98

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS —
MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S -------------R E TA IL TRADE ------------------FINANCE -------------------------

4,005
328
3,677
182
264
2,124

2.28
2.95
2.21
3.28
2.15
2.16

2.21
2.92
2.18
3.18
2.19
2.21

2.062.602.053.092.002.05-

2.29
3.36
2.28
3.58
2.36
2.26

34
34
1
“

79
1
78
44
34

70
11
59
12
41

85 1280
8
77 1280
9
34
11 867

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG ------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

753
427
326
260

2.70
2.85
2.49
2.37

2.68
2.69
2.46
2.33

2.462.642.232.20-

2.99
3.15
2.94
2.85

16
16
16

16

28
28
28

2
2

19
-

-

-

-

-

*

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

«
~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31

19
3

31
31

3
3
-

9
2
7

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

19
19
“

_
-

-

9
9
-

51
17
34
33

43
21
22
21

16
9
7
7

15
14

31
31

42
31
11
11

61
10
51
21

25
22
3
3

5
5

-

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

11
11
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

22
7

27
5
22

6
6

13
13

50
9
41
1
40

34
24
10
3
“

262
238
24
24

17
17

26
26

2
2

-

-

-

-

9
9

127
127

28
24
4
4

143
123
20
20

48
1
47

_
“

73
68
5
5
“

676
442
234
34
200

87
78
9
9

34
20
14
14

283
283
26
257

-

-

-

-

47
34
13
13

15
15
-

24
24
-

9
9
-

45
34
11
11

6
6
-

93
93
-

-

10
10
10

184
184
*

387
250
137
2
135

361
2
359
110
249

-

-

39
3
36
—
36

574
465
109
103
3

679
670
9
8

475
474
1
1

367
340
27
21
6

624
561
63
63

81
81

75
75

65
65

95
95

31
31

70
62

1
1

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

64 2632
4 102
60 2530
- 1605
917
60

106
13
93
74
19

135
2
133
133

164 4583
305
4 384 *105
160 4199
200
- 3383
140
160
338
60
4
4
-

2

697
86
242
86
455
308
126 **68

-

328
308
20
20

-

7

28
28

-

2
2

-

19
19
-

47
28
19
-

”

36
36
-

*

_

7
7

WOMEN

*

**

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 5 .6 0 t o $ 5 .8 0 .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s :

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

16
16

14 at $ 5 .6 0 t o $ 6: 20 at $ 6 t o $ 6 .4 0 ;

2

393 1276
35
393 1241
1
87
35
48 1004
1
1
1

12 at $ 6 .4 0 t o $ 6 .8 0 ;

115
26
89
89

237
28
209
23
57

97
14
83
15
62

136
95
41
10
1

125
23
102
91
3

52
49
3
3

72
31
41
41

53
17
36
36

16
16

28

270
246
24
12

95
7
88
52

125
92
33
15

40
39
1
1

2
2

7
7

1
1

28
28

14 at $ 6 .8 0 t o $ 7 .2 0 ; and 8 at $ 7 .2 0 to $ 7 .6 0 .

-

-

_

-

-

-

27

T a b le A - 5 a .

C u s to d ia l an d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — . J . , N o v e m b e r , 1971}
N
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings*

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

t
t
0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

S
t
t
t
t
t
t
S
S
*
$
*
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
S
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0

d
er

and

HEN

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------GUARDS
MANUFACTURING

4 .2 0 4 .4 0 » . 6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 ,4 0 o v e r

3,866
1,024
2,842

$
2.46
3.57
2.06

$
1.98
3.47
1.88

$
1.803.221.77-

$
3.18
4.04
2.05

-

-

571

163

22
22

138
10
128

90
24
66

87
20
67

105
78
27

261
98
163

242
218
24

211
190
21

79
22
57

76
74
2

183
171
12

96
61
35

19
19
“

1
1

986

498
498

163

-

•

902

3.62

3.51

3.26- 4.05

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

20

30

76

218

189

17

71

164

61

18

-

--------------------------

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING

1

0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0

986

571

-

--------------------------

122

3.20

2.90

2.82- 3.18

-

-

-

-

-

-

48

22

1

5

3

7

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------F I N A N C E --------------------------------

4,169
2,565
1,604
475
575
198

3.15
3.33
2.86
3.48
2.66
2.79

3.18
3.36
2.83
3.43
2.52
2.93

2.832.992.353.092.192.55-

3.56
3.72
3.32
3.65
3.04
3.01

6

2
2

21
12
9
“
4
5

40

53
6
47
45
2

79
2
77
55
2

410
26
384
3
83
15

221
86
135
8
95
31

156
57
99
3
77
18

639
492
147
7
22
70

472
254
218
112
53
52

589
498
91
64
26
1

567
410
157
136
20
1

504
426
78
54
24
-

269
257
12
10
1
1

20
17
3
3
-

91
16
75
75
-

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

2,564
1,582
982
824

3.39
3.52
3.20
3.09

3.49
3.54
3.24
3.06

3.033.232.242.17-

70
70
69

48
48
48

89
3
86
84

34
11
23
22

87
36
51
51

151
128
23
23

251
210
41
39

276
165
111
27

464
342
122
122

290
237
53
25

349
320
29
29

152
108
44
44

ORDER
F I L L E R S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

1,316
269
1,047
1,038

4.43
3.88
4.57
4.59

4.64
3.67
4.65
4.65

4.613.334.624.62-

3
3

11
11

5
5
«
*

77
76
1
1

46
21
25
25

41
32
9
9

7

7
*

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

561
433
128

3.46
3.72
2.57

3.61
3.79
2.44

13
4
9

51
41
10

35
34
1

80
65
15

71
69
2

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

449
228
221
220

3.76
3.80
3.72
3.73

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

130
103

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

-

24

-

-

-

9
9
*

*

27

1

-

1

8

-

i

-

_
-

-

1

-

-

16
16

14
4
10
10

-

-

-

-

9
6
3
2

34
16
18
16

55
55
55

99
99
62

-

-

-

22
22
-

9
9
-

24 1018
24
21
99 7
997
“

14
8
6
6

27
27
-

.
-

-

98
98

87
87

15
15

2
2

1
1

8
6

_
-

1
1

2
2

7
7
7

_
-

-

-

1
1

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

3.83
3.84
3.82
3.81

_
“

4
4
4

28
28
28

74

4.68
4.47
4.68
4.68

-

2
2
"

2
2
*

1
1

2
2

-

*

2
2
“

*

3
3
“

3.14- 3.88
3.47- 4.01
2.20- 2.88

_

2

2

2

8

19

26

18

2

2

2

8

19

26

18

20
6
14

3.84
3.85
3.82
3.82

3.423.483.153.13-

2
“
2
2

_
-

_
“

-

3
3
3

2
2
2

12
12
12

11
1
10
10

7
1
6
6

16
1
15
15

21
16
5
5

34
24
10
9

44
24
20
20

43
20
23
23

90
71
19
19

24
14
10
10

92
51
41
41

6
5
1
1

35
35
35

3.63
3.63

3.74
3.81

3.18- 3.93
3.16- 3.94

-

_

_

_

-

1

_

_

2

8
8

28
28

9
5

6
5

16
5

41
38

4
2

3
3

8
8

3

212
119

3.75
3.95

3.57
3.87

3.29- 4.28
3.10- 4.77

_

6
3

25
25

15
7

74
12

11
“

13
12

6
2

1
1

6
6

26
26

19
19

TRUCKDRIVERS
-----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

2,983
1,160
1,823
1,282
541

4.96
4.60
5.19
5.19
5.19

5.22
4.81
5.25
5.24
5.25

4.824.285.225.215.22-

2
2

13
12
1
1

25
13
12
12
“

59
24
35
21
14

29
25
4
4
“

152
103

77
70
7
7
*

97
97
-

124
107
17
17
”

77
72
5
5
“

505
445
60
60
*

45 1698
148
40
5 1550
3 1043
2 507

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ! -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

1,284
115
1,169

5.17
4.59
5.22

5.25
4.20
5.25

5.22- 5.27
4.04- 5.25
5.22- 5.27

2
2

4

1
1
“

17
17
~

34
34

2
2

-

26
26

1198
55
* 1143

102

4.65

5.05

3.96- 5.28

4

35

6

3

-

3

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY
OTHER THAN TRAILER

*

(OVER A TONS,
T Y P E I ----------

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 5. 40 to $ 5. 60.

See fo o t n o t e s a t end o f ta b le s,




5.26
4.88
5.28
5.28
5.28

-

-

-

“

_
-

“

1
1

-

-

-

“

8
4

*

*

'

~

4

'

-

1

-

74
74

i
i

16

6
6

4.31
4.19
4.37
4.37

40
38

-

28
28
“

49

49
“

_

-

~

2

31

1
1
80
2
78
60
18

_
-

*18

28
T a b le A - 5 a .

C u s to d ia l an d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts -----C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N. J . , N o v e m b e r , 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings ^

S
*
t
*
1 --t
1 —
*
$
S
$
t
*
t
S
S
$
S
S
)
*
t
t
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40
Mean ^

Median^

Middle range ^

and
under

and

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20

u>
*
o

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40

over

MEN - CONT IN UE D

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------RETAIL TRADE ----------- — ---TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

2,626
2,194
432
421

$
4.03
3.91
4.61
4.63

$
4.04
3.96
4.72
4.72

$
3.643.604.564.56-

$
4.52
4.19
4.77
4.77

8
8

1
1

235
235

205
196
9
3

3.74
3.74

3.76
3.76

3.39- 3.98
3.39- 3.98

2.61
3.10
2.44
3*28
2.26
2.20

2.43
3.01
2.29
3.18
2.30
2.27

2.102.852.073.092.121.98-

3.10
3.40
2.91
3.58
2.39
2.40

1
1
-

FINANCE ----------------------

1,012
268
744
181
190
190

PACKERS, SH IPPING ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

323
188
188

2.83
2.57
2.57

2.96
2.44
2.44

2.37- 3.15
2.28- 2.93
2.28- 2.93

-

-

-

1

1

1

62
62

2

1

51
51

7
7

-

11
11

75
75

-

-

95
95

45
45

_

1
1

1

376
241
135
135

16
16

363
363

249
249

184
184
-

1

36
36
“

19
19

506
506
-

359
358

32
28
4

32
13
19
19

274
268
6
6

110
101
9
8

249

"

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC
RETAIL

U T I L I T I E S --------------T R A D E -----------------

S ee fo o t o n t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




52
6
46
5
41

11
11
2
9

195
195
34
3

72
72
35
18

156
10
146
1
71
74

74
8
66
23
43

31
14
17
15
2

110
93
17
10
1

117
23
94
91
3

52
49
3
3

72
31
41
41

52
17
35
35

16
16

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

1
1
1

89
89
89

16
16
16

18
12
12

58
52
52

107
15
15

17
1
1

i

7

1

1

29

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t practices and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e provisions

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

o ffic e w o rk e rs

(D is tr ib u tio n o f es ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fi c e w o r k e r s , P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N o v e m b e r 1971)
N
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 4

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M an u factu rin g

B a s e d on stan dard w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

#

Othe r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5
N on m an u factu rin g

3 7 V2

383
/4

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

35

37%

38%

N on m an u factu rin g

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

37%

38%

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

35

37%

38%

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d ie d _____________________

420

188

XXX

XXX

XXX

232

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

420

188

XXX

XXX

XXX

232

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m —

189

97

17

8

64

92

9

37

8

28

218

103

16

8

68

115

12

43

9

42

1
2
3
2
1
-

2
2
1
2
1
4
1
5
3
3
4
1

$ 55.00
$ 57.50
$ 60.00
$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$ 70.00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 80.00
$ 82.50
$ 85.00
$ 87.50
$ 90 .0 0
$ 92 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u n d er
u nd er
und er
u n d er
und er
u n d er
u nd er
u n d er
u n d er
und er
und er
u nd er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er

_

_

_

_

$ 5 7 .5 0 .__ _____ ___ _— __
$ 60.00
_
________
$ 6 2 .5 0 _____________________
$ 6 5 .0 0 --------------------------------$ 67.50
---------- — —
$ 7 0 .0 0 _____________________
$ 72.50 _______ - ________ -—
$ 75.00 _______ __ _ ----$ 7 7 .5 0 --------------------------------$ 8 0 .0 0 _____________________
$ 8 2 .5 0 --------------------------------$ 8 5 .0 0 _____________________
$ 87 .5 0 — — ------------------------$ 9 0 .0 0 --------------------------------$ 9 2 .5 0 --------------------------------$ 9 5 .0 0 ___ ________ ______

1
3
2
2
12
4
22
10
30
8
30
7
5
3

_
6
3
15
3
10
5
14
3
2
3

2
1
5
1
2
1
3
-

2
2
1
1
-

-

-

$ 9 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 100.00-----------------------------—
$ 100.00 and u nd er $ 1 0 5 .0 0 --------------- ------------$ 105.00 and u nd er $ 1 1 0 .0 0 ___________________
$ 110.00 and u n d er $ 1 1 5 .0 0 ----------------------------$ 115.00 and u nd er $ 1 2 0 .0 0 ___________________
$ 120.00 and u nd er $ 1 2 5 .0 0 ___ -_______—--------$ 125.00 and u n d er $ 1 3 0 .0 0 ............................ ......
$ 130.00 and under $ 1 3 5 .0 0 ___________________
$ 135.00 and u n d er $ 1 4 0 .0 0 ___________________
$ 140.00 and o v e r ______________________________

11
13
10
1
3
3
3
3
1
2

6
8
7
3
2
3
3
1
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d
m in im u m _—
— — —---- ----— --------------

82

41

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y
w o r k e r s in th is c a t e g o r y ------------------------------------

148

50

XXX

D ata not a v a ila b le - ________

____________________

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




1

-

-

XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
1
4
1
-

2
1
1
2
2
3
1
2
3
-

1
2
3
7
6
12
8
32
5
38
7
25
10
9
5

‘2
3
2
1
1
2

XXX

2
2
7
2
4
3
10
2
2
3

1
3
2
2
6
1
7
7
20
3
16
4
3
-

2
3
2
-

1
2
1
3
1
1
4
10
2
8
1
_

*

-

4
6
6
3
2
3
3

5
5
3
1
1
2

1
1
-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

XXX

XXX
XXX

41

XXX

98

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

XXX
XXX

-

_

XXX

XXX
XXX

XXX
XXX

_

_

1
2
5
3
13
2
14
6
15
5
4
4

1
1
1
1
2
2
2
4
1

1
2
1
1
1
1
-

12
12
8
1
3
3
4
2
2
1

4
8
5
3
2
4
2
1
-

1
-

100

51

XXX

XXX

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

101

34

XXX

XXX

XXX

67

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

_

-

XXX

_
1
2
2
7
2
7
3
10
4
3
3

_

3
5
5
3
2
4
2
-

1
-

XXX

-

XXX

1
2
3
6
4
7
5
19
3
24
1
10
5
5
1

1
2
1
1
4
-

8
4
3
1
1
1
1

2
1
-

1

-

XXX

_
1
1
2
3
3
3
10
2
9
1
4
1
1
-

-

_

_

1
1
-

-

XXX

5
2
2
1
1
1
1

-

XXX

XXX




T a b le B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u fa c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N o v e m b e r 1 97 1)
N

^AU ^£lantwoidcers>i n j 'n a n u i a c t u r i n | ^ = ^ O O jD e £ c e n t ) ^ _ ^ ^ ^ ^ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ ^ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ ^ ^ ^ _ _ _ _ _
>
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a te-sh ift pay p rovision

In establishm ents having p rovisions 7
for late shifts

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

Ttl
o a ________________________________________

89. 2

80. 7

17.4

7 .4

No pay d ifferential for w ork on late s h ift---------

0. 4

0. 7

0. 1

_

1

17. 3

7 .4

11. 4

6

Pay differential for w ork on late sh ift--------------

88.

9

80.

Type and amount o f d ifferential:
U niform cents (per hour)________________

57. 3

50.4

4 cents ________________________
____
5 cents -----------------------------------7 cents - _____________________________—
—
8 ce n ts -------------------------------------------------9 ce n ts -----------------------------------------------—
10 cents
- _
____- __ _________ „
1 1 cents
------ -----------------------------------1 2 cents - ______ __ ____________________
1 2 V cents
z
______________ ________
13 c e nt s ___________ ____________ ____ rL
,
14 c e nt s _______________________ __ _____ _
15 cents ----------------------------------------------16 cen ts— __________________________ —
17 cents ------------ ----------------------18 cents.------------------------------------------------1 8 3/4 c e n ts ____________ ________________
19 cen ts------------------------------------------------2 0 cen ts—.____________________ ____ _—
22 o r 24 cents--------------------------------------25 c e nt s ■
.___________ ______ ________ __
26% c e n ts ____________
_________
27 cents _____________________________
i 0 cen ts._______________________________
35 Or 40 cents—________________________

.2
2. 3
2. 1
3. 0
1. 2
2 1. 0
1. 2
7. 8
1. 8
1.4
6. 9
1.9
.5
3. 5
.3
1. 9
.3

_
.5
.2
6. 6
.4
5. 0
2. 3
1. 1
15. 6
1. 5
1.4
1. 9
1 . 2
4. 0
.8
2. 1
1.9
.8
2 .9
.3

(8 )

(8)

Uniform p ercen ta g e______________________

29.7

26. 7

5 .4

1

1.4
1. 6
2. 5
1. 2
22. 3

1.4
1. 3
1. 7
.9
16. 7
2.7
2. 0

.4
.3
.6
. 1
3.9

2 .9

.5

4 Vi percent____________________________
______
5 percent
7 p e rce n t_______ ____________________
7V or 8 p e rce n t_______________________
z
1 0 p ercen t-____________________________
1 2 p ercen t--------------------------------------------15 p ercen t--------------------------------------------Other form a l pay d ifferen tial____________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s .

. 8
1

.8

(8)

.2
.7
.8
.3
4. 1
. 1
1. 7
.5
.2
1. 0
.5

.9
( 8)
.9
.4
_
(8 )
1

. 1
. 1
.3
.2
.3
. 1
. 1
.4

.1
1

. 2
*

.8
.3

(8)

.0
.
-

0

(8 )

(8)
1

.
_

.

1

.

1

(8 )

.

1

(8 )
. 7

.

1

(8 )
. 3

31

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly

h o u rs and d a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e - w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s a n d d a y s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N o v e m b e r 1 971)
N
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------

20
28
30
32

h o u r s — 5 d a y s ----------------------- ----------------------------h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------- ------h o u r s — 5 d a y s ____________________________________
h o u r s _______________________________________________
4 d a y s ________________ ___________________________
6 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------3 4 2 s h o u r s — 5 d a y s _____________ _ ______ ___ _____
/
_
35 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ____________________________________
35% h ou rs— 5 days
----— ------- ---------- —
36 h o u r s — 5 d a y s - ___________________________________
3 6 % h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------3 6 % h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------3 6 % h o u r s ---- 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------36 V2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ___ ____ ______ ________________
3 6 % h o u r s — 5 d a y s ___ — ----------- -------------------37 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------37 V2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s - ---- --------------------------------------3 7 % h o u r s — 5 d a y s _________________________________
3 7 % h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------379/io h o u r s — 5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------O v e r 379/ io a n d u n d e r 3 8 3 h o u r s ---- 5 d a y s -------/4
3 8 3 4 h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------/
39 V2 h o u r s — 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------4 0 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------4 days ________ - ____________________________
5 d a y s -------- _
_ _____ ___ _
_ _
4 3 V3 h o u r s — 5 d a y s _________________________________
4 4 h o u r s ---- 5 V2 d a y s --------------------------------------------------4 5 h o u r s — ———— ____ _ ___ ___ _ _____ _________ _
_
_
5 d a y s _____ - _________ _ ___________________________
_
5 V2 d a y s ________________________ __________________
O v e r 4 5 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s — 5 d a y s ----------------4 8 h o u r s — 6 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------75 h o u r s — 6 d a y s ____________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te at en d o f ta b le s ,




A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

10 0

10 0

-

(9 )
(9 )
(9 )
1
(9 )
1
3
1
_
10
(9 )
(9 )
(!)
(9 )
82
( 9)
81

(9 )
(9 )
_
5
1
7
-

(9 )
(9 )
86
86
1
-

P u b lic
u t il it i e s

O ffic e w o r k e r s
R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

10 0

100

100

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

_

-

3

2
4
2
.

_

_

-

_
-

.
_
_

3
4
-

5
_
_
2
-

-

6
2
-

-

(9 )
90
90
3

3
_
4
27
2
62
62
2

97
-

-

(9 )
(’ )
-

2
77
5
72
-

(9 )
(9 )
10
(9 )
(9 )
2
2
(9 )
1
1
(’ )
32
1
(9 )
1
1
7
(9 )
.4 0
40
-

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

18
2
15
1
58
58
-

9
_
_
25
-

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

39
2

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e

S e r v ic e s

100

100

100

_

-

-

2
16
1
2
3
6
4
3
1
42
2
3

11
7
1
47
-

(9 )
5
_
45
-

-

-

-

1
9
42
42
-

50
50
-

2
14
14
-

2
-

65
65
-

-

-

-

_
5
30
30
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

97
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0)
(9

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(9 )

-

-

-

2
10

-

1

(9 )

-

-

-

-

-

(9 )

(!)
(9)
( 9)
( 9)

(9 )

-

1

-

32

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , P h i l a d e l p h i a ,

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s _____________________________________

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

P a .—N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 )

R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e

S e r v ic e s

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

10 0

100

99

86

99

100

100

100

100

100

99

-

-

1

14

(9 )

-

*

-

-

-

1

(9 )
3
1
7
2
1
14
3
2
18
3
12
2
6
2
20
2

(9 )
2
2
8
1
3
12
3
4
28
7
20
3
4
1
2
1

_

_

1

(9 )

N u m ber o f days
L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s _________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________ ______
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
7 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ____________
__________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2, 3, o r 5 h a lf d a y s —
________
8 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ___________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 o r 6 h a l f d a y s ----------------------------9 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s ___________________
10 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
10 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s __________________
11 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
11 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s __________________
12 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
12 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s __________________
13 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
15 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________

(!)
(9 )
1

_
4
14
1
4
15
1
2
25
3
18
2
6
1
3
1
2

1
2
2
4
5
10
11
27
28
52
53
72
73
91
93
97
97
98
98
99

2
2
2
5
6
12
14
34
35
61
63
81
82
97
99
99
99
99
99
99

2
4
3
18
1
3
17
1
1
22
2
15
1
5
1
2

_

_

2
34
22
15
18
4
4
-

6
3
4
6
11
11
(9 )
13
3
24
5
6

9
13
1
33
10
26
6
-

-

-

6
3

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_
17
2
32
3
25
1
(9 )
3
• 2
-

(9 )
1

2
52
15
3
1
19
5
3
-

2
3
3
6
11
9
1
22
2
20
5
14
1
-

(9 )
10
1
33
7
5
8
34
1
-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_
_

_

3
7
28
28
31
31
46
46
98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
1
20
20
40
42
65
75
85
91
95
98
100
100
100
100
100

_
_
_
_
_

-

_
2
1
3
3
1
1
3
2
7
2
5
4
60
5
(9 )
1

_
16
2
11
1
2
36
11
2
12
4
3
_
_
_
_
(9 )

T o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e 10
15 d a y s __________________________________________________
13 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
I 2 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
12 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
I I V 2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
IOV2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e _________________________________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s




at end o f ta b le s .

-

4
8
26
26
42
42
64
64
98
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

3
3
9
9
17
20
44
47
60
70
81
87
91
94
100
100
100
100
100

-

6
6
32
32
42
42
76
76
89
92
95
97
99

_
2
2
2
2
2
2
5
5
5
6
31
34
66
68
86
86
86
86
86

1
1
2
23
25
32
33
47
48
68
71
86
88
96
97
98
98
98
99
99

1
1
1
3
4
8
11
35
37
69
72
87
88
97
98
99
100
100
100
1 00

1
1
1
36
36
48
55
89
90
99
99
99
1 00
100

1
2
7
69
71
77
78
87
88
91
92
95
95
97
98
100
100
100
100
100

(9 )
(9 )
(9 )
(9 )
3
3
7
7
21
32
69
70
81
83
99
99
99
99
99

33

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 )
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s -

-

___

A ll
in d u s t r ie s
-

— -

_
_

-

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n e e

S e r v ic e s

1 00

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
81
14
4

99
72
21
7

100
100
-

100
97
3
-

97
94
2
1

100
75
20
5

100
98

100
95
(9 )
4

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
97
2

2

100
100
-

1

(* )

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
18
3

32
12
5
1

7
46
2
-

12
37

8
19

(9 )

(9 )

36
7
-

11
44
11
8

13
42
11
7

8
53
2
_

14
31
8
2

10
19
12
-

7
53
14
17

16
52
2
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M eth od o f p a ym en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t io n s
— ----------. __
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t_
_
_
_
— P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____________________________
O th er ..
___ „
_
_ - W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
___
n o p a id v a c a t io n s

C
)

n

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n o a v 11
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
—
—
1 w e e k - t— „ —
.n--,----- — ,--------------------- ,—
-----------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________________

(* )

-

C
)

(9 )

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek
.
.
.
1 w eek
— O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------2 w e e k s ____
- ____ ______
__ __________ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______ ____ _______________________ _______
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

-

_

-

_

64
36
-

49
3
49
-

78
19
-

91
9
-

C)

(9 )
62
5
20
4
7
1

-

-

-

-

(’ )
31
11
48
3
5
1

(9 )
37
17
32
5
8
2

_

_

18
1
81
-

33
6
61
-

17
1
79
-

42
13
46
-

-

-

-

(9 )
8
8
72
3
8
1

(9 )
8
12
60
5
12
2

_

99
1
-

10
6
82
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(9 )
6
6
75
4
8
1

(9 )
7
9
63
6
12
2

-

10
6
82
2

2

14
5
76

-

~

(9 )
66
3
23
2
4

-

_

_

_

59
41
-

18
_
82
-

69
31
-

_
1
96
2
2

28
_
72
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
97
2
2

11
2
65
22
-

20
1
76
1
2
1

15
2
77
2
3
2

-

_
4
1
89
3
3
1

6
2
81
2
8
2

_

_

_

_

2
93
2
-

33
5
58
4
-

1
1
91
3
4
1

1
2
84
3
8
2

1
98

1
1
91
3
4
1

1
2
84
3
8
2

_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ice
U n der 1 w e e k .... . . .
1 w eek—
- — — ------- ------------- O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w eeks —
— _____ _____ —
- O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------- ——— -------------------- ----------— —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------

-

_

-

_

5
(9 )
95
-

6
94
-

2
1
98
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
(’ )
99
-

-

2
97
1
-

-

_
95
2
3
-

(9 )
69
22
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

i

2

-

-

(9 )

-

-

-

-

-

98

97

99

-

-

1
-

t9 )

2
(9 )
75
22
1
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k _________
,
--------- . ---------r——
---------------------.—
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k B — .. . ., ..... n.——
_____________ ______________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----- —
...---------- ■
--------------- ---O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
- - -------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s—
— - -

_

_

n

?)

_
8

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k n--------------------— t
n—t
-----------,------ ----------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w eeks
— ■
-------- ---------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _____ — _____ »_ - ________________________________
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ___________________________

f o o t n o t e s at e n d
See


o f ta b le s ,

-

99
1
-

-

-

-

_

"

-

93
-

2
-

-

6
“

n
■

-

95
2
3
"

34

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a t io n s ----C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 )
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n tw o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

_

_

96

.
71
29
-

C
)

F in a n e e

S e r v ic e s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a v 11— C o n t in u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s - — - — _
_ _
_ - 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
- 3 w eeks
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________________
4 w eeks
___
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ___________________________

2
1
74
5
15
2
1

2
1
65
8
20
4
1

_
95
3
2
-

_
88
12
-

2
84
11
_
-

7
5
79

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
12
2
72
6
5

1
1
12
3
65
10
8

7
5
32
54
f9 )
2

-

(9 )
9
-

(’ )
(9 )
77
5
17
(9 )
(9 )
1

i
67
8
22
1
t9 )
2

(9 )
4
-

n

93
6
_
-

.
83
6
11
-

(9 >
56
4
40
-

*

-

-

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek _
. . . .
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
. . . . .
2 w e e k s ----- — ---------- —
— - - —
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s —
_-------- ----3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s . - . . ------------------ -------- ——
4 w eeks ------ O ver 6 w eeks
___

_

_

_

4

95
1
1

24
3
69
2
2

6
91
-

*

-

-

-

-

1
1
9
2
74
7
6

1
1
10
3
66
11
9

_
4

_
20
6
67
2
4

_
6
90
1

7
5
18
69

*

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
1
4
1
51
7
34
1
1

_
1

_
10

.
6
61
30
_

7
14
72
7
-

C)

c>
t9 )
17
1
73
1
7
1

.

_

_

_

_

7
1
76
2
12
2

3

1

14
1
65
20

13
87
.

34
_
62
4

-

-

-

-

£)
o
14
2
72
3
8
1

_

_

_

_

_

6
1
74
5
13
2

1
(9 )
98
t9 )
1

11
4
64
_
21

9
_

30
4
58
4
4

80
2
2

-

-

-

-

(9 )
-

.
-

.
-

.
_

.
-

.
.

C)

3
-

3
48
4
43
_

(9 )

4
-

9
-

2
-

9
_

86
.

50
.

79
_

69
_

13

46
_
.

12

82
4
12

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
4

_
4

_
_

C
)

2

16
60
20

19
-

36
-

9
(* )
40^
_

78
-

-

-

-

61
1
_
-

49
.
1
-

“

“

~

(9 )
96

C
)

(*>
(9 )
22
1
74
i

2
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek—
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________________
2 w eeks—
—
-------------. —
—
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
3 w eeks
_ ____
_
__
_
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___ — _______ ____________
4 w e e k s ______ ____ ____ __ _ __________________________
_ _
O v e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

(9 )
95
1
1

?)
2

91
(9 )

C
)
C
)

16
_

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
. . . .
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________________
2 w eek s- O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
3 w eeks
. . .
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s—
______ . . .
4 w e e k s __ _________________________ ______ ____ ___
_
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s
. . .
_ .
5 w e e k s — ---------------------- ----------------------------------------------O ver 6 w eeks -

(’ )
5
1
56
4
31
1
(’ )
-

-

65
2
31
1

-

54
36
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

1
1
4

.
1
_
92
1
6

_
10
_
15
66

_
4
_
20
74

7
9

67
3
26
(9 )
C)
9
1

f9 )
2

(9 )

22

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____ . .
— _
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s 2 w e e k s ----------- --------------------------- ---- ---- -- --- -- ----- ----- -- --O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
3 w e e k s ---------- ------------ — ------- — - - -------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------4 w e e k ft_________ ___„ ___ „ _—
______ ______________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s —-- -------------------- ------—___
5 w e e k s „ -----,__ r
____ „ __ __________ r___ ----------- — ■----------6 w
e
e
k
s
-----r
—
O v e r 6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------

 S e e f o o t n o t e s


at en d o f t a b le s .

1
(9 )
4
1
23
2
57
3
7

C
)

1
22
4
51
5
10
1
“

-

5
72
-

7

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

3

.
3

f)
22
1
65
1
8

14
2
63
1
15

(9 )

C
)
1

C
)
2

C
)
2
_
94
(9 )
4

35

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e - w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1 97 1)
O ffic e w o r k er s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

_
4
16
-

_
4
15
-

43
33
_
4

62
19
_
-

2
12
77
5
3
_
-

-

*

_
4
16
37
38
1
4

_
4
15
62
_
19
_

_
_
2
12
76
4
6
_

9
36
54
_
_
_

-

-

1

_
4
-

_
4
15
-

F in a n c e

S e rv ice s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n D a v 11— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------ --------------------------------— ------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------- ------ -------------------- —-------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------- ----------- -----------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s — _______________________________________

(’ )
4
1
14
1
52
2
21
1
1

1
1
4
1
11
2
55
4
19
1
2

_
1
40
1
54
_
4

( 9)

-

-

1

1
1
4
1
11
2
47
4
24
1
4

_
1
40
1
54
4

_
10
15
56
17
-

23
-

9
58
26
-

C)

-

-

-

-

2

-

*

1
1
4
1
11
2
47
4
23
1
5

_
1
40
1
54
-

.
10
11
-

_
4
16
55
23
-

7
9
58
23
3
-

1

_
10
15
56
17
_
2

_

7

-

-

f9 )
60
2
20
1

_
3
9
1
56
1
27
2

*

(9 )
1

t9 )
2

7
-

n
-

4
16
55
23
_
-

9
5
53
-

-

26
_
-

(9 )
3
C )
9
12

_
-

C
-)
2
38
1
57
_
3
*

_

n
9

n

35
54
.

1
-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
-------- O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
_ _
_ 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s.
5 w e e k s --------- ----- ----- -------- —— ------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

f>

4

1
14
1
47
3
24
1
3
C )

.
4
16
55
-

3
12
C )

56
2
24
1
1
1

_
3
9
1
46
1
35
2
2
2

_
a

2
38
1
57
-

3
-

n

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 wp*»kp
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------5 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------6 w e e k s . — —-------------- — ----------------------------------------- ----O v e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




1
(’ )

4
1
14
1
47
3
24
1
3
(’ )

4

59
17
(9 )

2

56
2
24
1

_
3
9
1
46
1
33
2

2

4

1

2

C)

3
12
C )

_
C )
9

2
38
1
57
3

13
40
38
1

4

62
19
-

_
2
_
12
_
75
4
5
.
1

n

9
.
36
54
1

1

36

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n ce , and p e n s io n p la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t w o r k e r s a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1 971)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
f i n a n c i n g 12

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g a t
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w ___________

99

99

99

99

95

99

99

99

100

97
79

98
83

99
56

99
80

92
78

93
85

99
69

99
67

66
57

64
59

82
43

81
67

57
49

83
74

59
40

91

95

85

96

87

63

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------------------S i c k l e a v e (f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ______________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ---------------------------------------------

78
69

92
82

54
39

82
71

58
52

19

11

26

36

11

3

33

7

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e --------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------------------------H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e - -------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------------------------S u r g i c a l I n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------------------------D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ______________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________

13
11
96
86
95
85
90
81
57
49
4
4
88
79

14
11
99
91
98
89
92
84
57
51
1
1
92
81

24
24
99
91
99
91
99
91
98
89
23
21
86
84

20
19
99
80
99
77
93
71
74
57

L i f e i n s u r a n c e ---------- ----------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
A c c id e n t a l d e a th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 13____________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




(!)
(9 )
89
87

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e

S e r v ic e s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99
45

100
67

96
55

99
88

88
46

66
52

92
40

62
47

33
20

46
31

58
37

87

91

98

75

99

87

57

54
48

56
41

75
65

38
18

54
38

47
43

48
28

37
19

29

23

65

66

85

54

32

75

46

26

3

5

(* )

8

1

40

2

5

5
3
89
73
89
73
80
73
44
30
9
7
81
69

10
10
89
82
85
78
85
75
30
23
2

25
13
97
64
96
'6 3
92
62
84
49
4
2
86
73

25
18
99
80
99
80
96
78
81
60
2
1
93
72

10
10
100
92
100
92
100
92
99
91
5
4
74
71

19
10
97
61
97
59
94
56
87
55
7
4
84
81

9
4
94
56
94
56
65
56
60
16
6

37
12
97
45
96
45
96
45
89
39
5
3
87
78

18
8
90
44
78
32
78
32
73
19
2

-

73
70

-

89
52

-

66
61

37

F o o tn o te s
A l l o f th ese stan dard f o o tn o te s m a y not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t im e
at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s.
2 The m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r eac h j o b b y totaling the e a r n in g s o f all w o r k e r s and div iding b y the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m ed ia n
d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h alf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown. The m id d le
range is defin ed by 2 r a te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s ear n l e s s than the lo w e r of th ese rates and a fourth ear n m o r e than the hig her rate.
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late shifts.
4 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m i n im u m starting (hiring) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that ar e paid f o r standard
workweeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
6 Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all standard w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7 Includes all p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y op er a tin g late sh ifts, and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late
sh ift s , ev en though the e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y op e r a tin g late shifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b i n a t io n s of full and half days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a
total o f 9 days in clu d e s th ose with 9 full da ys and no half d a ys , 8 full days and 2 half d a y s , 7 full days and 4 half d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t i o n s
then w e r e cum ulated.
1 In cludes p a y m e n ts oth er than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an equivalent
1
ti m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a pa ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t of
annual ea r n in g s w a s
c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in div id ual p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , the changes in p r o p o r t i o n s in d icated at
10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in clude c ha ng es in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g be tw e e n 5
and 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e. T hus, the p r o p o r t i o n e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' pay or
m o r e after 10 y e a r s in clu d e s th ose e lig ib le f o r 3
w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e
after f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t im a t e s lis t e d after type of b en efit a r e f o r all pla ns f o r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p la n s " in clude on ly th ose pla ns fin a n ce d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d ar e l e g a ll y r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n ' s co m p e n sa tio n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
1 Unduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ick le a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y be lo w . Sick lea ve pla ns are
3
li m i t e d to th ose w hich de fin it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m i n im u m n u m ber o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c t e d by each e m p lo y e e .
In form al sick
le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in div id ual b a s i s a r e ex clu ded.







A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iff e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p e d , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n t in u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h i p p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :

P o s itio n s

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e ( c o m b i n a t i o n t y p in g
a n d a d d in g m a c h in e ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r ­
n a ll y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e ­
d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r
m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n t h e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d
b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f t h e b i l l b e in g
p r e p a r e d a n d i s o ft e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d m a c h i n e .

C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i le s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a tt e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r ­
w a r d s m a t e r i a l . M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t io n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

CLE R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g t h e i t e m s t o m a k e u p t h e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o ( c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g t h e in t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t i c a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n in g
and v e r ify in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , li s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .




o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

C la s s A .
C l a s s if ie s an d in d e x e s file m a t e r ia l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n
w ith t h e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l f i le c l e r k s .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith t h e s t r u c t u r e o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e co n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

CLERK, PAYROLL

c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o ff ic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n tin g in fo r m a t io n .
e s f a m i l i a r w ith t h e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
but is n ot r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e fo r m a l

T h e B u r e a u h a s d is c o n t in u e d

o n th e b a s i s

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in f i l e s . P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n th e
b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin it io n s .

(w ith o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d

NOTE:

in t o l e v e l s

C L E R K , F IL E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o t h e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , t h e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in t h e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .

c la s s ifie d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c co u n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s , su ch a s p o s tin g to
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t if ic a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d i z e d a n d r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n ts u s in g a fe w p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e (w ith o r w it h o u t
a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b il ls a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b l e o p e r a ­
t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s t h e s i m u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s
and u s u a lly p r in ts a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s fr o m u n ifo r m and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e
o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

a re

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a c c o u n tin g c o d e s and c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n tin g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay b e a s s is te d by on e o r m o r e
c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s t h e n e c e s s a r y d a t a o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .

c o lle c tin g

39

d a ta f o r

o ile r s

and p lu m b e r s .

40
COM PTOM ETER

OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

P r i m a r y d u t y i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h t h a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h i n e i s in c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a k eyp u n ch
ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r o n ta p e .
P o s it io n s

a re

m a c h in e

to

record

or

v e r ify

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r

n u m e ric

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , ” u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a ll c a s e s i d e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n in d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p l y in g t h e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .

da ta on
C la s s

c la s s ifie d

in t o l e v e l s

on th e b a s is

o f th e fo llo w in g

d e f in it io n s .
a ll,

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d j u d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e
k eyp u n ch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
W o rk is ro u tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e
li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .

3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s t h a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d i v i d u a l . M a in t a i n s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n t ly r e ­
c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
a.
R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d i n c o m i n g m a i l ,
q u i r i e s , a nd r o u t e s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
m a in t a in s ,

c.

M a in t a i n s t h e

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s

and r e v is e s

s u p e r v i s o r 's
fr o m

c a le n d a r

th e

s u p e r v i s o r 's

and m a k e s

s u p e r v is o r to

a n sw ers

as

P e r fo r m s

s t e n o g r a p h ic

in s t r u c t e d ;

oth ers

b.

S ten og ra p h ers

c.
S te n o g ra p h e rs
m a n a g e ria l p e r s o n s ;

do

not

m eet

th e

n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in
se r v in g

as o ffic e

"p e r s o n a l"

f o r th e

C

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

secreta ry

s e c r e t a r ia l ty p e

con cept

e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . ,
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

f e w e r th a n

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

E x a m p le s

d e s crib e d

STENOGRAPHER
above;

d u tie s ;

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n u s i n g s h o r t h a n d , a n d t o t r a n s c r i b e t h e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l . M a y o c c a s io n a ll y t r a n s c r i b e
f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d i n g s ( i f p r i m a r y d u ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l).

a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r

d.
S e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e r o u t i n e
s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;

o r su b­

N O T E : T h is j o b i s d i s t i n g u i s h e d f r o m t h a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th a t a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y
w o r k s in a c o n f i d e n t i a l r e l a t i o n s h i p w it h o n l y o n e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t i v e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e a n d d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in t h e s e c r e t a r y j o b d e f i n i t i o n .
S ten og ra p h er,

e.
A s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e
n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h
s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .




o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

5.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a la r g e a nd im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a n d t y p in g w o r k .

N ot a ll p o s it io n s th a t a r e tit le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s :
w h ic h

4.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s : o r

or

by

E x c lu s io n s

P o s itio n s

o r p r e s id e n t)

1.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in t h e d e f i n i t i o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
u n it n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v id e d in t o o r g a n i z a ­
t io n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l
in c l u d e s a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ;

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a nd p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .

a.

p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in

3.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a ­
t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

C la s s

s u b o r d in a te s ;

e.
R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ;
f.

o f th e b o a r d o r

ro u tin e in ­

file s ;

a p p o in tm e n ts

o f a m a jo r

B

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

M E S S E N G E R ( O ff ic e B o y o r G ir l)

E s ta b lis h e s ,

p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in

2.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

a ll,

b.

A

1.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1

r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
a r e not t y p ic a l o f
or

G en era l

D ic t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s ,
p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s ,

41
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h i n e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n t in u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n t in u e d
S te n o g ra p h e r , S e n io r
or

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n t h e b a s i s o f t h e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s .

D ic t a t i o n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s
r e p o r ts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v i d e n c e d b y t h e f o l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a h ig h
d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a t h o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
a n d o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i le s , w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s m a in t a in i n g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; re a d in g and
ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s fu ll t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d i t io n t o
d o in g r o u t i n e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d
fo r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r a s a fu ll-t im e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c t io n s t h a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in te r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g le - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c ific nam es a re
fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o n ot in c lu d e
a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p l a c i n g c a l l s .

s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

in t e le p h o n e

c o m p a n ie s

who

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d i t io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as p a rt o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e t h e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t i m e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O PERATOR

( E le c t r ic A c c o u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a to r )

O p e r a te s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l l a t o r , in t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is d e f i n i t i o n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n i c d ig ita l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th ou g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s i n g
d iff ic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g
s o m e p la n n in g o f t h e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d t h e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
ch in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a in i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in t h e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o
s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s an d u n d e r s p e c i f ic in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e bu t r o u t i n e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t io n t o t h e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to d o s o m e w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , in t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e f i li n g w o r k .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR, GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o ta k e s d ic t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s ,

a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e ou t b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o l v i n g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g i n c o m i n g m a i l .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s : o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m
rough o r c le a r
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; o r s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PU TER

COM PU TER

O PERATOR

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c l u d e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d i e s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogra m .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter o p e r a to r s

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly te ste d
a n d in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ;
th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t if ic a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f t h e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e . M a y
g iv e d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly ru n o n a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te s tin g




O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a ­
t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l y in g p r e v i o u s l y
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g
d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C la s s C .
W o rk s o n r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M ay a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
COM PUTER

PROGRAMER,

B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e t h e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , t h e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s t h e p r e c i s e i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n ip u la t io n

42
COM PU TER

COM PU TER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

o f d a t a t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a t a w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; te s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s t h e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h s c i e n t i f i c
a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

a s fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t if y t h e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f t h e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s th e fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f ic ie n t ly u t iliz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .
A t t h i s l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s fr o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a t a e l e m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r o n s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d i t io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o t h a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay

g u id e o r

in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o n n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PU TER

S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e le c t r o n ic
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b l e
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s t h e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n
o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t i f ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy stem s

a n a ly s ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s a n in t e g r a t e d
p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ic h




S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s a n d
a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o
d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p l i c a ­
t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , if
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r o b t a i n in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v id e
a ss is t.

f u n c t io n a l

d ir e c tio n

to lo w e r

le v e l

sy ste m s

a n a ly s ts w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s t h a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d t h e o u t p u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,
m a in t a in i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in i n g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e
t h e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p l ie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w it h t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p an d e x p a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.
DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s t h e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h t h e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n t h e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts and p a r t s .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e t h e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e s u ch w o rk a s:
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d i n g i n c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s tr e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c l u d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n t s and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RAFTSM AN - TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s an d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC

r e p e t it iv e

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e fo llo w in g o p e r a t io n s : M o d ify in g , in s t a llin g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a t io n s
r e q u i r e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a ll o f th e f o l l o w i n g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d j u s t in g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , t u n in g , a n d a li n in g .
W o rk is n o n r e p e t it iv e and r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n in g t o t h e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b l e a n a l y s i s ; a n d
t h e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a li n e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a r t s .

43
E L E C T R O N IC

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

T E C H N I C I A N — C o n t in u e d

E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d o n t y p i c a l l y in c l u d e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
G ro u n d , v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a tio n a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r g ro u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d io and t e le v is io n t r a n s m it t in g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n i c c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r i a l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , i n d ic a t i n g a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
( E x c lu d e p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a t te n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g t h e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l . N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c l u d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d ­
in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; u s i n g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k ­
in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in t o m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h a s t h e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s in g t r o u b l e in t h e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d t e s t i n g
in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e t h e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls t o f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
c h e c k s w a te r and sa fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in t h e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k t h e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n f in e d
t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s , a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in o t h e r s
h e i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a l s o
p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L

O PE RATO R, TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in t h e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
t o a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d lu b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b i n g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E

(M a i n t e n a n c e )

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t i n v o l v e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a li n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n i n g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

m o b ile

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
re p a ir sh op s.

d o e s n o t in c lu d e m e c h a n i c s w h o

r e p a ir

c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a in l y i n v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r it te n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g u p o r a d ju s t in g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d in s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in t a in i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il

44
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L

h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p l y in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

up a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s
in c u t t i n g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as re q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d i n g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w it h c o u p l i n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u il d i n g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f i n g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a ll
ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; s e ttin g

T O O L AND

D IE M A K E R

(D i e m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r ;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s ,’ fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
p u n ch in g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m in g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h i n e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
f i t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
sh op s

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l

a n d d ie j o b b i n g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

P A C K E R , S H I P P I N G — C o n t in u e d

W ATCHM AN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in t a in i n g o r d e r ,
u s i n g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e a n d c h e c k
o n id e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .

a n d s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p l y in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g
i d e n t if y i n g d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

W a tch m a n .
M a k es rou n ds o f p r e m is e s
th e ft, an d il le g a l e n tr y .

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G

J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

p e r io d ic a lly

in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y

a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e
a c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p i n g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n ce s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L

H A N D L IN G
sta ck er;

sh e lv e r;

tru ck e r;

stock m a n

or

s to c k h e lp e r ;

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g ; L o a d in g a n d u n l o a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

stock

s e le cto r;

w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h i p p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t io n
t o f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d i n d i c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d i t io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .
S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n t h e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r
o f u n it s t o b e p a c k e d , t h e t y p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s
t h e p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in s h i p p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w le d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e




w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

cle rk

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u f a c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r -s a le s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y s iz e and ty p e
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d o n th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

as

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , li g h t (u n d e r lV z t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( 1 V 2 t o a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a il e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )
TRUCKER,

PACKER,

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

T R U C K D R IV E R

fo llo w s :

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p ic k e r ;

F or w age

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

(L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and
w a re h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u se h e lp e r)

ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h i p p in g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f t h e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t i n g w e ig h t a n d s h i p p in g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g
a f i l e o f s h i p p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t .
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h i p m e n t s
a g a in s t b i l l s o f l a d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in i n g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and file s .

POW ER

O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r t o t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
F or

w age

T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
pow er
pow er

w ork ers

(fo r k lift)
( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

a re

c la s s ifie d

by ty p e

o f tru ck ,

a s fo llo w s :

A v ailab le O n RequestThe following areas are surveyed p e r io d ic a lly for use in admin istering the S er v ice Contract A ct of 1965.
available at no c o s t while supplies last f r o m any o f the BLS regional o f f ic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .

Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
A m a r illo , Tex.
A sh ev ille, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, G a —S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B a k ers field , Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pasca gou la , M iss.
Bridg eport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
C la r k s ville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
C olora do Springs, C olo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth— u p e r io r , Minn.—Wis.
S
Durham, N.C.
El P aso, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
F arg o— oorhead, N. Dak.—
M
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg— e o m i n s t e r , M ass.
L
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
F r e d e rick —Hagerstown, M d . - P a . - W . Va.
Great Falls, Mont.
G reen sb oro—Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
H arrisb urg, Pa.
Huntsville, Ala.
Knoxville, Tenn.

Copies o f public r elea s es are

L a r ed o, Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
L ow er Eastern Shore, M d .-V a .
M acon, Ga.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a r ie , Mich.
M erid ian, M is s .
M iddlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and S om ers et
C o s ., N.J.
M obile, A la., and P en sa cola , Fla.
M ontgom ery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
New London— roton -N or w ic h , Conn.
G
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Portsm outh, N.H.—Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacram ento, Calif.
Santa B arbara, Calif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield— h icopee—
C
Holyoke, M ass.—Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tu cson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —
Napa, Calif.
Wichita F alls, Tex.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

The twelfth annual r e p o rt on sa la ries for accountants, au ditors, chie f accountants, attorneys, job analysts , d ir e c to r s of personnel,
bu y ers, c h e m ist s, en gin eers, engineerin g technic ia ns, d raftsm en , and c le r i c a l em p lo y e e s . O rder as BLS Bulletin 1742, Nationa 1
Survey of P r o f e s s i o n a l, Adm in istrative, T echnic al, and C l e r i c a l Pay, June 1971, se v e n ty -fiv e cents a copy, f r o m the Superintendent
of Documents, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice, Washington, D .C ., 20402, or any of its region al sales o f f ic e s .




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1 9 7 2— 7 46 * 1 8 1/ 8 8




A r e a W a g e Survey s
A list of the latest available bulletins is presen ted below. A d i r e c t o r y o f area wage studies including m o r e lim ited studies conducted at the request
of the Em ployment Standards A dm in istration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased fr o m the Superintendent
of D ocumen ts, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C ., 20402, or f r o m any o f the BLS regional sa les o f f ic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A r ea
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1 ________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—T r o y , N.Y., Mar. 1972----------------Albuquerque, N. M ex., Mar. 1972 1 ____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—N.J., May 1.971-----Atlanta, Ga., May 1971__________________________________
Ba ltim ore, Md., Aug. 1971 --------------------------------------------Beaumont—P ort Arthui^ Orange, T ex ., May 1971 1------Binghamton, N.Y., July 1971 1__________________________
Birm ingham, Ala., Mar. 1972---------------------------------------Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971____________________________
Boston, M a ss ., Aug. 1971_______________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1971__________________________ ______
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971_______________ ,______________
Canton, Ohio, May 1971_________________________________
Charleston, W. Va., M ar. 1971_________________________
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1972 1_____________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1971------------------------------Chic ago, III., June 1971 1 _______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972___________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971_____________________________
Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1971______________________________
Dallas, T ex ., Oct. 1971__________________________________
Davenport—Rock Island—
Moline , Iowa—
111., Feb. 1972 1—
Dayton, Ohio, D ec. 1971 1_______________________________
Denver, C o lo ., D ec. 1971 1 ______________________________
Des M oin es, Iowa, May 1971____________________________
Detroit, M ich., Feb. 1971 1_____________________________
Durham, N.C. (to be surveyed in 1972)
Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm
Beach, Fla. (to be surveyed in 1972)
F o r t ,W orth , Tex., Oct. 1971________ __________ ________
Green Bay, Wis., July 1971_____________________________
G reen ville, S .C ., May 1971 1------------ ------ -----------------------Houston, T e x ., Apr. 1971 1 ______________________________
Huntsville, Ala., F ebruary 1972 1 ---------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971____________________________
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1972______________________________
Jack sonville, Fla ., Dec. 1971___________________________
Kansas City, M o .- K a n s ., Sept. 1971 -----------------------------Law rence—
Haverhill, Mass.—N.H., June 1971 --------------Little Rock—
North Little R ock, A r k ., July 1971 ----------Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden G rove, Calif., Mar. 1971 1 ----------------- -----------L o u isv ille, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1971 1 ----------------------------------Lubbock, T ex ., Mar. 1 9 7 2 * ---------------- ---------------------------M anchester, N.H., July 1971------------------------------------------M em phis, Tenn.—Ark., Nov. 1971 1--------------------------------Miami, Fla ., Nov. 1971__________________________________
Midland and O d ess a, T ex ., Jan. 1972 1-------------------------Milwaukee, Wis ., May 1971 --------------------------------------------

 * D ata o n establishm ent


Bulletin number
and p r ic e
1685-87,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1685-75,
1685-69,
1725-16,
1685-68,
1725-6,
1725-58,
1725-27,
1725-11,
1725-34,
1725-25,
1685-71,
1685-57,
1725-48,
1725-14,
1685-90,
1725-56,
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,
1725-55,
1725-36,
1725-44,
1685-70,
1685-77,

40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
40 cents
45 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
70 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
50 cents

1725-21,
1725-3,
1685-78,
1685-67,
1725-50,
1725-23,
1725-38,
1725-39,
1725- 18,
1685-83,
1725-4,

30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1685-66,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1725-2,
1725-40,
1725-28,
1725-37,
1685-76,

50 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents

p ra ctice s and supplem entary w ag e provisions are also presented.

Area
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1------------------------Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich ., June 1971_________
Newark and J e r s e y City, N.J., Jan. 1972 1_____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 __________________________
New O rlean s, La., Jan. 1972_____________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1971____ _________________________
Norfolk—Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972_______________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1971 1_______________________
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Sept. 1971 1 ______ _________________
Paterson —
Clifton—P a s sa ic , N.J., June 1971_____________
Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1971 1_____________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1971_____________________ _____ ____
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1972_________ _____________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1 ____________________________
Portland, O reg.—Wash., May 1971_______________________
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
New burgh,
N.Y. (to be su rvey ed in 1972)
P rovid en ce—Pawtucket—Warwick, R.I.— a s s . ,
M
May 1971 1 _______________________________________________
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1971_____________________ ___________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1971_______________________________
R o c h e s te r , N.Y. (office occupations only), July 1971*__
R o c k fo r d , 111., May 1971____________________________-.......
St. Lou is, Mo.—
III., Mar. 1972___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971_________________________
San Antonio, T e x ., May 1971 1___________________________
San Bernardin o— iv e r sid e — n ta r io, Calif.,
R
O
D ec. 1971_________________________________________________
San Diego, Ca lif., Nov. 1971 1 ___________________ ______ _
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1971 1______________
San Jos e, Calif., Aug. 1971 1_____________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1971_________________________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1971_________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1972_______________________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971_________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1972 1____________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1971 ----------------------------------------------S y racuse, N.Y., J u l y W l 1 _______________ - ........................
Tampa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., Nov. 1971 1 ______________
Toledo, Ohio— ich., Apr. 1971 1________________________
M
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1971________________________________
U tica -R om e, N.Y., July 1971 1 _____ ____________________
Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Apr. 1971__________________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1972*__________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_______________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1971_______ ________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., May 1971____________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1972 1-----------------------------------------------------Youngstow n-W arre n, Ohio, Nov. 1971 1_________________

Bulletin number
and p rice
1725-45,
1685-82,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

50 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
65 cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725- 13,
1685-84,
1725-62,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,
1725-7,
1685-79,
1725-61,
1725-24,
1685-81,

40 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725- 15,
1685-72,
1725- 1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1685-88,
1725- 10,
1725-31,
1685-74,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1725-53,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1725-54,
1725-51,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents

J.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N . D .C . 2 0 2 1 2

O F F IC IA L B U S IN E S S

PENALTY FOR PRIV A TE USE, $300




FIRST CLASS M AIL
P O S TA G E A N D F E E S P A ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102