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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C h a rlo tte , N o r th C a ro lin a , M e tr o p o lita n A re a ,

Bulletin 1 7 2 5 - 4 8
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone. 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

New York, N .Y . 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas. Tex. 75202
Phone: 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions V II and V III w ill be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X w ill be serviced by San Francisco.




AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 4 8
M ay 1972

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S , G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C om m issioner

T h e C h a rlo tte , N o rth C a ro lin a , M e tro p o lita n A re a , J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2
C O N TEN TS
Page

1.
5.

Int r oducti on
W age trends fo r selected occupational groups

T a b le s :
Establishments and w o r k e r s within scope of survey and number studied
Indexes of standard w e e k ly s a la ries and s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings f o r selected occupational
groups, and percents of in c re a s e fo r selected perio ds
Occupational earnings:
A - l . O ffic e occupations—
men and women
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations—
men and women
A - 3 . O ffice, p ro fessio n a l, and technical occupations—
men and women combined
A - 4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations
A - 5 . Custodial and m a t e r ia l m ovem en t occupations

B.

6.

1.
2.

A.

4.

Establishment p r a ctices and supplementary wage provision s:
B - l . Minimum entrance s a la ries fo r wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s
B-2 . Shift differen tials
B-3 . Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days
B-4 . Paid holidays
B-5. Paid vacations
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans

7.
9.
10 .

11.
11.
13.
14.
15.
16 .

17.
19.
21.

Appendix.




Occupational descriptions

F o r sale by the S u perintendent o f D ocum ents, U .S. G o vern m en t Printing O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 —Price 3 5 cents

Preface
The Bureau of L a b o r Statistics p r o g r a m of annual occupa­
tional wage surveys in m etropolitan areas is designed to p rovid e data
on occupational earnings, and establishment p r a ctices and supplemen­
ta ry wage p rovision s.
It y ie ld s detailed data by selected industry
div is io n fo r each of the areas studied, f o r geographic region s, and fo r
the United States. A m a jo r consideration in the p r o g r a m is the need
f o r g r e a t e r insight into (1) the m ovem ent of wages by occupational
c a te g o ry and skill le v e l, and (2) the structure and le v e l of wages among
areas and industry divisions.
A t the end of each survey, an individual area bulletin p r e ­
sents the results.
A f t e r com pletio n of a ll individual a rea bulletins
fo r a round of su rveys, two sum m ary bulletins a r e issued. The fir s t
brings data fo r each of the m etrop olitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents inform ation which has been projected f r o m in ­
dividual m etropolitan a rea data to r e la te to geographic regions and the
United States.
Nin ety a rea s c u rren tly are included in the pro g ra m . In each
area, info rm atio n on occupational earnings is co llected annually and on
establishment p ra c tic e s and supplementary wage provisions biennially.
This bulletin presents re sults of the survey in Charlotte,
N .C ., in January 1972. The Standard M etropolita n Statistical A r e a ,
as defined by the O ffice of Management and Budget (f o r m e r l y the
Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, consists of Mecklenburg
and Union Counties.
This study was conducted by the Bureau's
regio nal o ffic e in Atlanta, Ga., under the gen eral direction of Donald M.
Cruse, A ssistan t R egio nal D i r e c t o r fo r Operations.




Note:
S im ila r reports a r e available fo r other a rea s.
back c o v e r . )

(See inside

A current re p o rt on occupational earnings and supplemen­
ta ry wage provision s in the Charlotte a re a is also available fo r
cotton te x tile s (August 1971). Union wage ra tes, indicative of
p re v a ilin g pay l e v e ls , a re available fo r building construction;
printing; lo c a l-tr a n s it operating em p loyees; lo c a l tr u ck d rivers
and h elp ers; and g r o c e r y store em ployees.

In tro d u c tio n
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of L a b o r 's
Bureau of L a b or Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areaw id e b a s is . 1 In this area, data w e r e ob­
tained by personal visits of Bureau fie ld economists to rep resen tative
establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing:
transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale
trade; re ta il trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are government
operations and the construction and ex tra c tiv e industries. E stablish­
ments having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d number of w o rk e rs are omitted
because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations
studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are provided for
each of the broad industry divisions which m e e t publication c r it e r ia .

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll- tim e w orkers, i.e ., those hired to w ork a regu lar w eekly schedule.
Earnings data exclude prem ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and for w ork on
weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses a re e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g allowances and incentive earnings are in ­
cluded. Where w eekly hours are reported, as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu­
pations, r e fe r e n c e is to the standard workw eek (rounded to the nearest
half hour) fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straight-tim e
sa la ries (e x clu sive o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at regular and/or prem ium
ra tes).
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings fo r these occupations have been
rounded to the n earest half dollar.

T h ese surveys m ea su re the l e v e l of occupational earnings in
an a rea at a particu lar tim e. Comparisons o f individual occupational
averages o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t expected wage changes.
The
averages fo r individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. F o r example, proportions of w o rk e rs employed
by high- or lo w -w a g e f ir m s m a y change o r hig h-wage w o rk ers m ay
advance to better jobs and be repla ced by new w o rk e rs at lo w e r rates.
Such shifts in employment could d ecrea se an occupational average even
though m ost establishments in an area in crea se wages during the ye a r.
Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2, are
better indicators o f wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

T h ese surveys are conducted on a sample basis because o f
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at m in im um cost, a g r e a te r proportion of
la r g e than o f small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
how ever, all establishments are given th eir appropriate weight. E s t i ­
mates based on the establishments studied are presented, t h e re fo re ,
as rela tin g to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the minimum s iz e studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study a re common to a v a r ie ty
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
fo llowin g types:
(1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p rofession a l and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
ment.
Occupational c la ssifica tio n is based on a uniform set o f job
descrip tions designed to take account of interestablishm ent variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations sele cted for study
are listed and d escribed in the appendix. Unless otherwis e indicated,
the earnings data followin g the job titles a re fo r all industries c o m ­
bined. Earnings data fo r some of the occupations listed and described,
o r fo r som e industry divisions within occupations, are not presented
in the A - s e r i e s tables, because either (1) employment in the occupa­
tion is too sm all to provide enough data to m e r i t presentation, or
(2) th ere is p ossib ility of d isclosu re of individual establishment data.
Earnings data not shown separately fo r industry divisions a re included
in all industries combined data, w here shown.
L ik e w is e , data are
included in the o v e r a ll c la ssifica tio n when a subclassification o f s e c ­
r e t a r ie s o r tru c k d r iv e r s is not shown o r information to subclassify
is not available.

The a vera ges presented r e fle c t composite, areawid e e s t i­
m ates.
Industries and establishments d iffe r in pay le v e l and job
staffing and, thus, contribute d ifferen tly to the estim ates fo r each job.
The pay relationship obtainable fr o m the averages m a y fa il to r e fle c t
accurately the wage spread o r d ifferen tia l maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Sim ilarly, d ifferen ces in a vera g e pay le v e ls
fo r men and wom en in any o f the selected occupations should not be
assumed to r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments.
Other possible factors which m ay con­
tribute to d iffe re n c e s in pay for men and women include: D ifferences
in p r o g r e s s io n within established rate ranges, since only the actual
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differen ces in specific duties
p e r fo r m e d , although the w o rk e rs a re cla s s ifie d appropria tely within
the same survey job descrip tion. Job descriptions used in classifying
em ployees in these surveys are usually m o r e g e n era lized than those
used in individual establishments and allow fo r m in or differen ces
among establishments in the specific duties p erfo rm ed .
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because o f d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establishments, the estim ates of occupational em ployment obtained

* Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (N ew York portion only); Rochester (office occupa­
tions only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 65 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
fr o m the sample of establishments studied s e r v e only to indicate
the r e la tiv e im portance o f the jobs studied.
These d iffe re n c e s in
occupational structure do not affect m a t e r i a l l y the accu racy o f the
earnings data.
Establishment P r a c t ic e s and Supplementary Wage P ro v is io n s
Info rm ation is presented (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
establishment p ra c tic e s and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to plant- and o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
Data f o r industry divisions not
presented sep arately are included in the estim ates for " a l l in d u s trie s ."
A d m in istra tive, executive, and p ro fe s s io n a l em ployees, and construc­
tion w o rk e rs who a re u tilized as a separate w ork fo rc e a re excluded.
" P la n t w o r k e r s " include workin g f o r e m e n and all n onsupervisory w o r k ­
ers (including leadmen and tra in e e s ) engaged in nonoffice functions.
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " include w o r k i n g su p e rv is o rs and n onsupervisory
w o rk e rs p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r ela ted functions. C a fe te r ia w o rk e rs
and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries, but included
in nonmanufacturing industries.
Min im um entrance s a la r ie s fo r wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) relate only to the establishments v is ite d . Because of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the p rob a b ility that la rg e estab lish ­
ments are m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l entrance rates fo r w o rk e rs
above the s u b clerica l l e v e l than sm a ll establishments, the table is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o lic ie s in medium and la r g e establishments.
Shift d iffe re n tia l data (table B -2 ) a r e lim ited to plantworkers
in manufacturing industries.
This inform ation is presented both in
te r m s of (1) establishment p o licy, 2 p resented in t e rm s of total plantw o r k e r em plo ym ent, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c tic e , presented in t e r m s
of w o rk e rs actually em ployed on the sp e c ifie d shift at the tim e of the
survey.
In establishments having v a r ie d d iffe re n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a j o r i t y was used o r , i f no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n " o t h e r " was used. In establishments in which some
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at norm al rates, a differen tial was re c o rd e d
only i f it applied to a m a j o r i t y of the shift hours.
The scheduled w eek ly hours and days (table B -3 ) of a m a ­
j o r i t y of the f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an establishment a re tabulated as
applying to all o f the plant- or o ffic e w o r k e r s of that establishment.
Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days a re those which a m a jo r it y of f u ll­
tim e em p loyees w e r e expected to work, whether they w e r e paid fo r at
s tra ig h t-tim e o r o v e r t im e ra tes.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pen­
sion plans (tables B -4 through B -6 ) are trea ted sta tistica lly on the
basis that these a re applicable to all plant- or o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a

m a jo r it y o f such w o rk e rs a re elig ib le or m a y eventually qualify fo r
the p ra c tic e s listed. Sums o f individual item s in tables B -2 through
B-6 m a y not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ite d to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l basis; i .e ., (1) a re provid ed fo r in
w ritten fo rm , o r (2) have been established by custom. Holidays o r d i ­
n a rily granted are included even though they m a y fa ll on a nonworkday
and the w o r k e r is not granted another day off. The f i r s t part of the
paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half holidays
actually granted.
The second part com bines whole and half holidays
to show total holiday t i m e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to a
statistical m e a s u re o f vacation pro v is io n s .
It is not intended as a
m e a s u re of the proportion o f w o r k e r s actually r e c e iv in g specific bene­
fits.
P r o v is io n s of an establishment fo r all lengths o f s e r v i c e w e r e
tabulated as applying to all plant- or o ffic e w o r k e r s of the establish ­
ment, r e g a r d le s s o f length o f s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s fo r payment on
other than a tim e basis w e r e converted to a tim e basis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent o f annual earnings was con sidered as the equ iv­
alent o f 1 w e e k 's pay. Only basic plans a re included. E stim ates e x ­
clude vacation bonus and va cation-savings plans and those which o ffe r
"e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a tic a l" benefits beyond basic plans with qualifying
lengths of s e r v ic e . Such exclusions are typic al in the steel, aluminum,
and can industries.
Data on health, insurance, and pension plans (table B -6 ) in ­
clude those plans for which the e m p lo y e r pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underwritten by a c o m m e r c ia l insurance
company and those provid ed through a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by
the e m p lo y e r out of current operatin g funds o r fr o m a fund set aside
fo r this purpose. An establishment was considered to have a plan i f
the m a jo r it y of e m p lo yees was e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d under the plan,
even i f less than a m a jo r it y elected to participate because em ployees
w e r e requ ired to contribute tow ard the cost o f the plan. L e g a lly r e ­
quired plans, such as w o rk m en 's compensation, social security, and
r a ilro a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e excluded.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ite d to that type of in ­
surance under which p re d e te rm in e d cash payments a re made d ire c tly
to the insured during t e m p o r a r y illness or accident disability. I n fo r ­
mation is p resented fo r all such plans to which the e m p lo y e r con trib­
utes.
H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , which have enacted
t e m p o r a r y disability insurance laws which re q u ire e m p lo y e r contribu­
t i o n s , 3 plans a re included only i f the e m p lo y e r (1) contributes m o r e
than is l e g a lly required, o r (2) p rovid es the em p loyee with benefits
which exceed the requ irem en ts o f the law.
Tabulations of paid sick

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
2
shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




The temporary disability laws in California and

Rhode Island do not require employer

3
le a v e plans are lim ite d to fo rm a l plans 4 which provide full pay o r a
p roportion of the w o r k e r 's pay during absence fr o m w ork because of
illn e s s .
Separate tabulations are presented according to (1) plans
which provide full pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans which p r o ­
vide either p a rtia l pay o r a waiting period . In addition to the p r e s e n ­
tation of the proportions of w o rk e rs who a re provided sickness and
accident insurance o r paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated total is shown
of w o rk e rs who r e c e i v e either o r both types of benefits.
L o n g - t e r m disability plans provid e payments to totally d is ­
abled em ployees upon the expiration of th eir paid sick leave and/or
sickness and accident insurance, o r after a pred eterm in ed p erio d of
disability (typ ically 6 months).
Paym ents are made until the end of
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the mini­
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




the disability, a maxim um age, or e lig ib ilit y fo r retirem en t benefits.
Payments m a y be at full o r partial pay but are alm ost always r e ­
duced by social security, w ork m en 's compensation, and private pension
benefits payable to the disabled em plo yee.
M a jo r m e d ic a l insurance includes those plans which are d e ­
signed to p rotect em ployees in case o f sickness and injury involving
expenses beyond the c o v e ra g e of basic hospitalization, m edical, and
su rgical plans. M e d ica l insurance r e fe r s to plans provid in g fo r c o m ­
plete or partial payment of doctors' fees.
Dental insurance usually
c o v e r s f illin g s , extractions, and X - r a y s .
Excluded are plans which
c o v e r only o r a l su rg e ry o r accident damage.
Plans m ay be under­
w ritten by c o m m e r ic a l insurance companies or nonprofit organizations
o r they m a y be paid fo r by the em p loyer out o f a fund set aside for
this purpose. Tabulations of re tire m e n t pension plans are lim ited to
those plans that p rovid e regu lar payments f o r the rem ain der o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

4

T ab le 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in Charlotte, N .C .,1 by major industry d iv is io n /J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2
W ork ers in establishm ents

Num ber o f establishm ents

Industry d ivision

M inim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

W ithin scope o f study
W ithin scope
of stu dy8

Studied
T o ta l4

Studied

Plant
Num ber

AU d iv is io n s__________________________________
Manufacturing_____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing_________________________________
Tran sportation , com m unication, and
oth er public u tilitie s 5_______________________
W holesale tra d e ........ ......... ...........................—
R e ta il tra d e____________________________________
Finance, insurance, and re a l e s t a t e ---------S e rv ic e s 8 ______________________________________

_

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

509

145

96,751

10
0

59,713

19, 146

50, 203

50
-

171
338

54
91

38,451
58, 300

40
60

28, 942
30,771

3, 530
15,616 .

18, 314
31,889

50
50
50
50
50

55
95
81
51
56

20

23
19

16,885
10,515
15,771
8,741
6, 388

16
9
7

3, 139
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
(6)

12,454
3, 638
8,471
5, 203
2, 123

13
16

17

1
1

8,726
( 6)
( 6)
( 7)
( 6)

1 The C h arlotte Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A re a , as defined by the O ffic e o f M anagement and Budget (fo r m e r ly the Bureau o f the Budget) through January 1968, consists o f M ecklenburg
and Union Counties. The "w o r k e rs within scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table p rovid e a reason ably a ccu rate d escrip tio n o f the s iz e and com position o f the labor fo r c e included in the
su rvey. The estim ates
a re not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e as a basis o f com parison with other em ploym ent indexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls since (1) planning o f
w age su rveys re q u ire s
the use o f establish m ent data co m piled co n sidera bly in advance o f the p a y ro ll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 The 1967 edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used in c la s s ify in g establishm ents by industry d ivision .
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A ll outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com panies in such in du stries as tra d e, fin ance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes execu tive, p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w ork ers excluded fro m the separate plant and o ffic e c a te g o rie s .
5 A b b revia ted to "public u t ilitie s " in the A - and B - s e r ie s tables. T a xicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to w a ter tran sportation w e re excluded.
6 Th is in du stry d ivis io n is rep res en ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e ries A ta b les, and fo r " a ll in d u stries" in the S e ries B ta b les. Separate presentation
o f data fo r this d ivis ion is not m ade fo r one
o r m o re o f the fo llow in g reason s: (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivis ion is too sm all to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep arate study, (2) thesample was not
design ed in itia lly to p e rm it sep ara te presen tation, (3) response was in su fficien t o r inadequate to p erm it separate presen tation , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d isc lo su re o f individual establishm ent data.
7 W ork ers fr o m this en tire in du stry d ivis ion a re re p resen ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e ries A ta b les, but fr o m the re a l estate
portion only in estim ates
fo r " a ll in d u s trie s " in
the S e ries B ta b les. Separate presen tation of data fo r this d ivis ion is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the reason s given in footnote 6 above.
- 8 H otels and m o tels; lau ndries and oth er personal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir, ren ta l, and parking; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip o rga n izatio n s (excluding re lig io u s
and ch aritable orga n izatio n s); and en gin eerin g and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




T w o -fifth s o f the w ork ers within scope o f the su rvey in the C h a rlotte a re a w ere
em ployed in m anufacturing fir m s .
The fo llow in g presen ts the m a jo r industry groups and
s p e cific industries as a percen t o f a ll manufacturing:
Industry groups

S p ecific in du stries

T e x tile m ill p rod u cts____________ 24
Food and kindred p rod u cts______ 14
M ach inery, except e le c tr ic a l____10
C h em icals and a llied
p rod u cts________________________ 9
Prin tin g and publishing__________ 8
A p p a re l and other te x tile
p rod u cts------------------------------- 7

Knitting m ills ___ __________
9
P la s tic s m a te r ia ls and
synthetics------------------------------- 5
W eaving m i l l s , syn th etics_______ 5

Th is in form ation is based on estim ates o f total em ploym ent d e riv e d fro m u n iverse
m a te ria ls com piled p r io r to actual su rvey.
P rop o rtio n s in va riou s industry d ivision s m ay
d iffe r fro m proportions based on the resu lts o f the su rvey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
shows the p ercentage change. The index is the product of multiplying
the base y e a r r e la tiv e (100) by the re la tiv e fo r the next succeeding
ye a r and continuing to multiply (compound) each y e a r 's relative by the
previous y e a r 's index.

P r e s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses,
and in a vera g e earnings of selected pla ntworker groups. The indexes
are a m easure of wages at a given tim e, e x p ressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 fr o m the index yields
the percentage change in wages f r o m the base period to the date of
the index.
The percentages of change or in crea se relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of in c re a s e , where
shown, r e fle c t the amount of in c re a s e for 12 months when the tim e
p erio d between surveys was other than 12 months. T h ese computations
w e r e based on the assumption that wages in crea sed at a constant rate
between surveys. T h ese estim ates a re m easu res of change in a v e r ­
ages fo r the area; they are not intended to m easure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regu la r w eek ly s alaries fo r the norm al workweek,
exclusive of earnings fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r plantworker groups, they
m easu re changes in a v e ra g e s tra igh t-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data f o r selected key o ccu ­
pations and include m ost of the n u m e ric a lly important jobs within
each group.
Lim itations of Data

Method of Computing
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easures of
change in a rea a v e ra g e s , are influenced by: (1) gen eral sala ry and
wage changes, (2) m e r i t or other in crea ses in pay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
vidual w o r k e r s while in the same job, and (3) changes in a v e ra g e
wages due to changes in the labor f o r c e resulting fr o m labor turn­
o v e r, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s employed by establishments with different pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor f o r c e can cause in crea ses or d ecrea ses in the
occupational a v e ra g e s without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage in crea ses,
average wages m ay have declined because low er-p a yin g establishments
entered the a rea o r expanded their w ork fo r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m ay have rem ain ed r e la t iv e ly constant, yet the averages fo r an area
m ay have risen considerably because higher-payin g establishments
entered the area.

Each of the followin g key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate e m ­
ployment in the occupational group:
O ffice clerica l (m en and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffice clerica l (m en and w om en )—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and
wom en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Skilled maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (au tom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
To ol and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim inates the effect
of changes in the proportion o f w o rk e rs represented in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change r e fle c t only changes
in a vera g e pay fo r straigh t-tim e hours.
T h ey are not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, o r by prem ium pay
for o v e r tim e . W h e re n e cessa ry, data w e r e adjusted to rem ove fro m
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope o f the survey.

The a vera ge (mean) earnings fo r each occupation w e r e m u lti­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group w e r e totaled.
The a ggrega tes fo r 2 consecutive years
w e r e re la ted by dividing the aggregate fo r the la te r year by the a g g r e ­
gate fo r the e a r l i e r year.
The resultant r e la tiv e , less 100 percent,




5




T ab le 2. Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in
Charlotte, N.C., Janu ary 1971 and January 19 7 2, and percents of increase for selected periods
A ll in du stries
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(men and
w om en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
w om en)

Manufacturing

S killed
maintenance
trades
(m en)

U nskilled
plantw o rk ers
(m en)

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(men and
w om en)

Indu strial
nurses
(m en and
w om en)

S killed
maintenance
tra des
(m en)

U nskilled
plantw o rk ers
(m en)

Indexes (A p r il 1967=100)
January 1971______________________________________
January 1972______________________________________

125.8
134.1

(* )
(* )

130.9
138.6

125.5
136.4

121.7
130.3

128.6
140.4

132.4
146.0

< >
()
C)

3.0
3.7
1.8
( ')
( )
( )
7.4
5.9

2.9
5.2
1.6
4.9
3.9
3.5
7.9
8.8

(* )
C)

6.9
7.6

6.7
7.3

C)
(] )

P e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e
A p r il I960 to A p r il 1961_________________________
A p r il 1961 to A p r il 1962_________________________
A p r il 1962 to A p r il 1963_________________________
A p r il 1963 to A p r il 1964_________________________
A p r il 1964 to A p r il 1965_________________________
A p r il 1965 to A p r il 1966 ________________________
A p r il 1966 to A p r il 1967_________________________
A p r il 1967 to A p r il 1968_________________________
A p r il 1968 to M arch 1969:
11-m onth in c re a s e ____________________________
Annual rate o f in c r e a s e _______________________

2.6
3.4
2.8
3.2
3.6
4.7
4.4
6.3

( )
<)
()
( )
( >
< >
( >
(M

4.1
7.9
3.8
2.5
3.7
1.9
6.3
6.2

2.7
3.6
.4
5.8
5.0
6.6
7.2
8.0

2.6
3.4
3.0
4.2
3.3
1.6
4.5
5.8

6.1
6.7

C)
C)

5.6
6.1

5.8
6.3

4.6
5.0

M a rch 1969 to M arch 1970_______________________
M a rch 1970 to January 1971:
10-month in c re a s e _____________________________
Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e _______________________

5.2

(l )

6.2

3.6

4.7

(* )

5.6

7.5

6.0
7.2

( ')
(l )

9.9
12.0

6.1
7.4

5.0
6.0

C)
(l )

7.6
9.2

6.2
7.5

January 1971 to January 1972-------------------------

6.6

C)

5.9

8.7

7.1

(‘ )

9.2

10.3

Data do not m e et publication c r ite r ia .

< >
()
(* )
(* )
()

7

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , C h a rlo tte , N .C ., January 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t
U n d er

weekly

t
70

M edian2

Middle range2

%

75

85

90

S

$
95

100

t

*
105

n o

t

t

*

115

120

125

t

130

t

f
135

140

S

i

150

160

*

170

$
180

and

TO

Mean ^
(standard)

t

t

80

un der

190

and

75

80

85

"

-

“

4
2

2

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

125

130

135

140

4

8

4

8

6

-

-

-

-

17

10

40

17
17

150

o ver

160

170

44

5

1

8

44

5

1

8

-

7

-

-

-

10

9

2

-

6
-

8

9

6

i

-

2

5
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

5

5

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
-

-

180

190

$
$
$
$
40.0 129.00 123.50 110.50-143.50
40.0 129.00 123.50 110.50-143.50

-

97.00
97.00

99.00
99.00

90.00-103.50
91.00-103.50

i
i

-

99.00

99.00

96.00-103.50

-

-

-

o
*
o
o

HEN

96.50

88.50-105.50

-

3

-

CLERKS, ORDER ----------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----

169
169

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS)
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----

92
77

39.0
39.0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------

66

40.0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------

33

40.0

BO OK KEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

35

39.0 123.50 125.00 121.00-129.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING -----------

138
119

39.5
39.5

94.00
94.50

96.00
96.00

86.00-105.50
85.50-106.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MA NUFACTURING --------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

245
81
164
28

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

128.00
119.50
132.50
133.00

127.00
122.00
133.50
137.50

113.00-143.50
106.00-131.00
113.50-149.50
123.00-143.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -MANUFACTURING --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

792
178
614

39.0 104.00 100.00
98.00
99.50
39.0
39.0 105.00 101.00

91.50-116.00
91.50-108.50
91.50-120.50

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

167
164

39.5
39.5

90.50
91.00

87.00
87.00

82.50- 96.50
82.50- 97.00

1
1

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

152
140

39.0
39.0

80.50
79.50

77.50
76.50

72.50- 84.50
72.50- 83.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

140
46

40.0 100.00 101.50
39.5 100.00
93.00

90.50-111.00
88.00-112.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

165
71
94
33

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

113.50
112.00
115.00
118.00

114.00 100.00-125.50
111.50 104.00-117.50
119.00 94.50-128.50
126.00 102.50-132.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

309
69
240
35

38.5
39.5
38.5
40.0

109.00
105.50
110.00
116.50

110.00 100.00-120.00
105.50 99.00-112.00
112.00 100.50-121.00
120.50 112.00-128.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------

336
78
258
67

98.00
98.50
39.5
39.0
97.00
97.50
39.5
99.00
98.00
39.5 104.50 104.50

4

4

28

4

20

8

24

4

4

28

4

20

8

24

-

17

5

23

27

5

1

1

1

5

16

3

20

25

5

1

1

1

2

5

-

4

31

14

8

4

-

8

4

6

4

8

6

12

11

7

WOMEN

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---See footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




39

38.5

88.00

86.00

4
4

5
5

5
3

14
14

-

3
3

3
3

-

_

26

11

22

i

9

30

-

19

9

21

i

9

21

4

37

_

4

-

4

22

_

-

8

14

15

12

34

-

5

11

4

2

1

9

24

4

8

-

3

3

17

2

14

3

10

18

9

6

33

“

“

1

1

~

2

2

”

2

4

2

-

11

3
2
1

65
4
61

84

147

98

93

46

52

34

42

70

15

41

28

22

14

18

7

9

2

3

19
-

14

27
57

106

70

71

32

34

27

33

68

12

19

13

6
6

5
5

56
55

41

15

7

10

9

4

1

8

4

40

14

7

10

9

4

1

8

4

13
13

46
46

38
36

19
17

16

6

9

-

_

-

2

3

16

9

“

_

3

-

-

-

12

20

33

2

12

19

33

2

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

20

6

1

6

5

2

-

6

8
2
6
2

16

12

5

12

15

18

25

12

-

10

3

4

12

15

15

2

16
-

1
-

-

-

5

-

3

-

2

-

1

-

“

-

_

_

-

*

-

-

-

_

-

_

*

-

-

16

2

2

8

3

3

1

1

2

5

1

24

37

39

39

42

10

3

7

1

5

5

1

-

10

10

16

7

1

5

-

-

3

15

6

4

9

4

-

4

-

57

9

8

-

_

_

-

-

i

1

9

2

-

-

-

-

4

-

17

12

15

10

5

4

1
“

11

24

20

27

24

32

29

53

7

9

2

-

1

2

2

2

5

5

7

5

6

-

38

53

42

59

17

45

6

11

18

4

6

2
-

7

9

5

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

48
10
38
2

_

-

2

i
-

-

2

4

-

-

-

2

4

89.00-107.00
87.50-104.00
90.00-109.00
95.00-112.00

”

79.00-100.00

-

1

12

6

18

7

34

46

33

41

13

39

2

2

6

3

12

3

16

11

11

2

2

5

6

4

1

6

2

-

"

1

20

_

1
1
-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

8
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea ba sis by industry division, Charlotte, N .C ., January 1972)

Number
of
workers

t

t

t

t

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
»
S
t
$
t
%
*
*
$
S
S
$
S
s
$
%
90
95
100
110
115
105
120
125
130
135
140
150
160
170 180
190

IT ^
Under
Mean ^

Median2

Middle range2

75

80

85

75

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

-

5
5
-

8
2
6
1

12
2
10
-

40
10
30
6

66
32
34
1

117
51
66
4

93
43
50
7

169
43
126
5

161
60
101
15

71
32
39
9

90
35
55
18

128
83
45
10

90
63
27
10

134
43
91
30

115
50
65
25

46
16
30
16

40
14
26
8

24
5
19
14

14
14
6

21
4
17

6
-

1
1

70

and
under

70

and

WOMEN - CO NTINUED
39.0
38.5
39.0
39.5

$
126.50
126.50
126.50
141.00

$
123.00
127.50
119.50
142.00

$
$
110.50-141.00
110.50-138.50
110.50-143.00
124.00*159.50

“

SECRETARIES ------------------------ MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

1,423
584
839
185

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

116
38
78

39.0 152.00 155.00 134.50-169.50
38.5 150.00 156.00 136.50-162.50
39.5 153.00 154.50 134.00-174.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

322
93
229
50

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

400
223
59

38.5 126.50 121.50 112.00-137.00
39.0 128.00 120.00 112.50-141.00
39.5 140.50 143.50 125.50-154.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

580
276
304
50

39.0
38.5
39.5
40.0

117.50
122.00
113.00
119.50

114.00
118.50
112.50
121.00

104.00-132.50
107.00-135.00
102.50-119.50
109.50-136.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

330
44
286
154

39.0
38.5
39.0
39.0

112.00
110.00
112.50
116.50

108.50
106.50
109.50
115.50

101.50-123.50
100.00-113.50
102.00-125.00
104.50-128.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

174
162

39.5 129.00 127.50 107.00-145.50
39.5 131.00 129.00 108.50-146.50

-

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

38

38.5 107.50 104.00

93.00-120.50

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

60
55

39.0
39.0

96.50
97.50

91 .5 0-106.00
92.00-107.00

-

SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

198
54
144
25

99.50
97.00
39.5
39.5 102.50 103.50
39.5
98.00
93.50
40.0 112.50 112.50

88.00-110.50
92.00-115.50
87.50-104.00
99.00-137.00

TRANSCR 1BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

143
119

39.0 100.00
39.0 101.00

98.00
99.00

92.00-108.00
92.50-109.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

80
66

38.0 100.50
98.00
37.5

97.00
94.50

350
57
293
35

38.0
94.00
96.00
39.5
37.5
93.50
38.5 103.00

91.50
94.50
91.50
96.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

See footnotes at end of tables.




133.00
134.00
132.50
153.50

98.00
98.50

132.50
134.00
131.00
158.00

117.00-150.50
122.50-152.00
115.00-150.00
139.50-165.50

3

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
1
9

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

1

3
-

-

-

2

1

1

25
8
17

11
6
5

4
2
2

27
10
17

14
8
6

16
2
14

19
2
17

29
7
22

21
9
12
3

30
8
22
3

26
13
13
3

16
5
11
3

48
13
35
6

53
24
29
8

18
2
16
14

6

“

-

“

“

24
7
17
1

“

“

3
1
1

3
3
*

18
11
“

9
4
*

23
9
1

25
7
1

50
44
2

60
34
6

28
18
3

43
24
9

28
6
1

26
6
4

28
13
11

20
13
12

9
8
“

6
6
2

5

*7
26
21
1

70
30
40
2

*9
23
26
4

100
35
65
3

70
27
43
9

21
13
8
2

16
8
8
5

*8
40
8
6

36
32
4

53
13
40
11

14
9
5

5
5

10
10

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

17

42

11

8

1

_

_

_

-

-

i
-

1
1

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

_

-

_

“

-

-

-

-

9
2
7

6
-

3
2

6
5

14
9
6

7
7
*

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

5
1
4
2

18
8
10
8

33
2
31
13

79
8
71
17

42
12
30
18

25
4
21
18

33
3
30
13

-

-

-

17
10

42
29

11
8

8
8

14
6
8
8

6
6

8
6

13
11

18
16

8
7

2
2

14
12

20
20

17
17

11
11

21
21

1
1

5
5

4
4

6

5

3

4

4

1

2

2

3

-

1

-

-

i

16
11

15
15

4
4

5
5

2
2

1
1

5
5

-

-

1
1

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
3
14
3

34
12
22
5

4
3
1

11
6
5
2

16
12
4
3

14
1
13

-

4

3

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

*

4
4

-

*

2
1
1
1

_

«_

-

5

3
-

3
2

22
3
19
6

-

5
5

3
-

1

-

-

"

3
3

”

6
3

-

-

1

5

-

5
5

4
4

1
1

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

19
4
15
3

53
8
45
”

21
4
17
1

9
9

16
11

29
19

31
26

10
10

20
20

13
9

3
3

4
4

5
5

3
3

2
2

7
7

7
7

19
19

13
9

9
7

4
4

5
3

5
1

1
1

6
6

2

_

81
12
69
7

74
7
67
9

34
4
30
6

31
5
26
3

10

20
18
2

15

8

2

15
1

8
4

2

-

-

4
4

_

-

“

91.00-109.50
90.00-104.50

-

_

86.00-100.50
86.50-111.00
86.00- 99.00
91 .0 0- 12 0. 00

-

-

2
1
1

18
1
17

51
9
42

*

”

*

"

“

-

_

_

*

-

-

i

-

10
1

*

-

-

“

*

_

.

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

_
_

4

“

-

-

_

-

-

9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea basis by industry division, Charlotte,
Weekly earnings 1
dard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t
90

Average

weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

January 1972)

and
under
100

*

100
-

*

110
-

*

120
-

H O __ 120

*

130

-

*

1*0

-

*

150

-

130_ 1*0_ 150
_
_

*

»

160

-

-

170

*

-

*

190

*
200

-

180

*

—

—

“

—

-

—

—

—

—

and

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

over

7
7
*

10
1
*

9
5
5

12
6
3

*
4
*

3
1
1

210

160

170

180

190

8
8

5
5

2
2

*
»
t
$
i
t
i
l
220
230 2*0 250
260 270 280
290

2
2

HEN
COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

69
62

$
$
$
$
*0.0 163.50 163.00 1*6.50-180.50
*0.0 16*.50 16*.00 1*6.50-182.00

-

-

1
1

3
3

8
7

12
11

*
*

i*
9

10
10

_

19
13
6

1
1

7
1
6

2
2

2
-

5
5
3

5
5
2

6
5
2

11
10

21
19
*

11
11
1

15
7
8

10
*
6

16
*
12

9
1
8

19
2
17

13
5
8

2*
*
20

17
*
13

19

4

5

*

2

19

*

5

*

2

*

*

_

_

10

5

i
i

8
2

2
2

3
2

i*
i*

7
7

7
3

6
*

3 **13
3
i

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

110
33
77

39.5 136.00 133.50 12*.00-150.00
39.0 1**.50 1*8.50 133.50-15*.00
39.5 132.50 128.50 119.50-1*5.50

-

1
1

19
19

25
2
23

22
9
13

16
8
8

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

56
37

38.5 121.50 126.50 115.00-129.50
39.0 119.00 126.00 107.50-130.50

3
3

8
8

8
*

26
13

9
9

2

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

112
85
*1

39.5 227.50 223.00 205.50-253.50
*0.0 223.50 215.00 203.00-2*2.50
*0.0 233.00 232.50 203.00-269.00

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

158
31
127

39.5 19*.00 195.00 168.00-216.00
38.5 176.50 175.00 152.50-201.00
39.5 198.00 205.00 176.00-221.50

-

-

_

_

”

“

”

_

_

78
*0

39.0 278.50 278.50 2*6.50-310.50
39.0 282.00 280.00 276.00-29*.50

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

61
36

39.0 25*.00 250.00 217.50-282.50
39.5 23*.00 235.50 210.50-250.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------

97

*0.0 200.00 201.50 177.50-225.00

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

182
55

*0.0 16*.00 158.00 1*1.00-183.00
39.5 150.50 150.00 135.00-16*.00

-

-

_

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------

120

133.00 132.50 115.50-1*7.50

1

16

o
o
*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1
1

_

_

_
1
1

_
_

8

_

-

8
8

8
6

1
1

6
6

7
6

1
1

*
*
4
_

*28
12

-

-

-

1

15

10

12

9

16

10

-

15

9

-

-

-

-

-

2*
10

26
6

26
2

2*
16

18
1

4
2

18
6

11

5

2

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

*

18
12

25

13

29

10

6

1*

3

3

-

”

i

-

2

3

*

1

-

1

1

7

1

5

-

”

2

“

10
10

3
2

3
3

*
2

2
2

5
5

5
5

3
3

1
1

1
1

_

-

i
i

_

*

-

-

-

WOMEN
COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------

28

39.5 217.50 231.00 182.00-25*.00

-

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

39
36

39.5 179.00 179.00 1*9.00-202.00
*0.0 180.00 181.00 1*8.00-203.00

-

*
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
* * W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
See footnotes at end of tables.




_

_

i

_

-

-

i

-

3 at $290 to $300; 9 at $300 to $320; 8 at $320 to $340; 6 at $340 to $360; and 2 at $360 to $380.
5 at $290 to $300; 6 at $300 to $310; and 2 at $310 to $320.

10
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , C h a rlo tte , N .C ., January 1972)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

Average

Occupation and industry divisi

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS

BILLERS. MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

33

9 0 .0

BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ------------------------------

35

3 9 .0

1 2 3 .5 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CONTINUED

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

9 9 .5 0

323

3 9 .0

96
227
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 3 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

811

3 9 .0

1 0 9 .5 0

189
627

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------- *
—

170
167

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

153
191

3 9 .0

8 1 .0 0

3 9 .0

8 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

309
96
263

9 0 .0
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

179
76
98

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

33

3 9 .5

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

309

3 8 .5

1 0 9 .0 0

69

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
9 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

KE YPUNCH OP ERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NH AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

336

3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0

78
258

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

67

3 9 .5

1 0 9 .5 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS ANO GIRLS)HA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

131
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

95

3 8 .5

9 5 .5 0

1 ,9 2 3
589
839
185

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

116

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 6 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0

38
78

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

322
93

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

229
50

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

900
223
59

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 9 0 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

580
276
309

3 9 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

331
44

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

See footnote at end of tables




290
35

370
57

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

$
9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

50

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
9 0 .0

3 9 .0

9 6 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
77
67

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

113
35
78

3 9 .5

1 3 5 .5 0
1 9 3 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

58
39

3 9 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

3 9 .0

1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

190
107
49

3 9 .5
9 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 5 .5 0
2 2 1 .5 0
2 3 2 .0 0

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

197
39
163

3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 1 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0
1 9 9 .0 0

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

83
93
90

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

2 7 9 .5 0
2 6 7 .5 0
2 8 2 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------N O NH AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

65

3 9 .0

2 5 1 .5 0

90

3 9 .5

2 3 2 .5 0

155

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

179

3 9 .5

162

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

38

3 8 .5

1 0 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

60
55

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATQR-RECEPTIONISTSMA NU FACTURING -------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

202
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 9 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

198
25

3 9 .5
9 0 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

39

3 9 .5

1 0 8 .5 0

287

313
55

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

111.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

1 3 3 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES -------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

193
119

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 0 1 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

80

3 8 .0

1 0 0 .5 0

66

3 7 .5

9 8 .0 0

103

2 0 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

193
60

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------

126

O
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

9 9 .5 0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

*

9 9 .0 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

O
o

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

Number
of
workers

d-

138
119

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED
$
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

9 9 .0 0

O

67

O

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

Number
of

1 6 3 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0

11
T a b le A -4 .
(A v e r a g e

M a in te n a n c e and

s tr a ig h t- tim e

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

fo r

p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s

s e le c t e d

o c c u p a t io n s

s tu d ie d

on

an a r e a

b a s is

b y

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n ,

C h a r lo t te ,

N .C .,

J a n u ary

1972)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings3

s

$

%
2 .6 0

*
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

t
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

3 .3 0

M ean2

Median2

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .6 0

- 3 .6 0

-

-

-

2

-

-

5

-

-

-

2

-

-

5

1
1

2
2

*

t

$

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

S
5 .6 0

5 ,g Q _ S i6 fl_ 5 . 6 0

5 .8 0

%
3 .6 0

$
3 .6 0

*
2 .3 0

S
3 .8 0

S
6 .0 0

6 .2 0

S
6 .6 0

*
6 .6 0

S
6 .8 0

t
5 .0 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

6 .6 0

4-

Sex, occupation, and industry division

2 .5 0

fd

t

S
2 .6 0

2 .6 0

Number
of
workers

S PO

and
under

Middle range i

9

-

10

1

6

9

-

10

-

C
O

4

o

o

C
O

6 .0 0

MEN
$
ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

53
52

6 .0 3

$
6 .0 5
6 .0 6

6 .0 3

$
3 .5 5 3 .5 3 -

$
6 .6 6

-

6 .6 6

-

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

16

-

3
3

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY ---------------------

26

6 .3 5

6 .6 5

3 .6 7 -

6 .6 9

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

1

-

-

-

4

-

-

5

3

5

-

-

-

-

5

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----------

57

3 .6 5

3 .1 2

2 .6 3 -

5 .2 3

6

6

5

5

5

-

6

1

6

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------------------

37

6 .1 0

6 .0 9

3 .6 2 -

6 .6 5

-

5

_

3 .6 2 -

6 .6 5

5

-

-

18
18

_

6 .0 9

3
3

_

6 .1 0

2
2

_

37

-

-

-

-

-

36
16
20

21

69

35

10

6

103

-

33

18
6
16

13

2
19

26

11

13
10

10
10

6
6

103
103

-

19

_

1

1

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

538

fo o tn o te s

T a b le A -5 .
(A v e r a g e

at

end

of

6 .2 0
6 .2 6

3 .5 6 3 .5 8 -

3 .8 9
6 .9 8

271
266

3 .8 7
3 .8 6

6 .0 1
3 .8 8

3 .5 5 3 .5 0 -

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
4

-

6
6

6
4

22
7

5

18

18

60

53

-

63

2

-

"

15
15

5

16

2
16

3

16

1
39
36

3
50
29

62
67

_

5 .6 0
6 .2 1
6 .2 1

2
2

-

-

_
-

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

8
8

8

6
6

25
25

18
18

8

8

21
21

1

16

12

2
67
60

62
62

65
66

2

52
68

_

_

-

-

19

ta b le s .

C u s to d ia l

s tr a ig h t- tim e

6 .1 5

-

6 .7 0

2 .9 6 -

602

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

S ee

6 .0 6
3 .6 5

3 .6 9 -

3 .5 3
6 .2 1
6 .3 0

50
688

_
-

-

h o u r ly

and

e a r n in g s

fo r

m a te ria l
s e le c t e d

m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

o c c u p a t io n s

s tu d ie d

on

an

a rea

b a s is

b y

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n ,

C h a r lo t te ,

N .C .,

J a n u a ry

1972)

i

$

t

t

t

S

Number of worke rs receivin g straight-tim e hourly ea rnings of—
t
t
$
$
$
s
*
t
4
$
s
$

$

»

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .6 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 . 80 6 .0 0

t

s

1 .6 0

6 .2 0

6 .6 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

5.0 0

5 .2 0

t
5 .6 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .6 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 . 00 6 .2 0

6 .6 0

6 .6 0

6 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

5 .6 0

180

152
20
132

338
6
332

76
21
55

66
10
36

33

H ou rly earn in gs3

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n
workers

M ea n 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le range 2

and
under
1 .7 0

MEN
GUARDS AND WA TCHMEN ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

$
993
76
917

$

$

$

1 .9 7
2 .6 0
1 .9 3

1 .9 2
2 .0 6
1 .9 1

1 .7 8 1 .9 0 1 .7 7 -

1.9 9
2 .2 8
1.9 8

WATCHMEN
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

53

1 .9 7

2 .0 1

1 .8 7 -

2 .0 7

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1 ,2 2 1
376
865
84

2 .0 9
2 .3 6
1 .9 7
2 .5 2

2 .0 1
2.31
1 .8 3
2 .6 6

1 .7 6 2 .0 1 1 .6 9 2 .6 7 -

2.6 1
2 .6 6
2 .1 6
2.7 6

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




106
-

106

-

261

-

180

-

5

162
9

236

153

"

7

20

5

21

168
66
106
3

63
31
12
1

160
69
111
2

6
60
11
29
2

1
32

10
2

5

1

2

6

-

-

-

-

5

1

2

6

84
56
30
15

116
35
79
35

76

2

6

i

50
26

-

-

-

2

22
22

6

i

-

16

1

18
-

18

8

16
10

6

6
6

1
118

66

52
2

_
-

1

3

l

3

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
T ab le A -5 .

Custodial and material movement occupations---- Continued

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , C h a rlo tte , N .C ., January 1972)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings ^

Sex, occupation, and industry divisi

Number
of
workers

»
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

i

I

*

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

1

2 *1 0 2 .2 0
10

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

*

S

i

$ r
—

3 .0 0

r

3 .2 0

i

and
under
1 .7 0

MEN -

i

00 2 .1 0

1*8 0

1 ,9 0 2 .0 0

CONTINUED
1 ,2 6 7
337
930
524

$
2 .9 6
2 .3 7
3 .1 7
3 .4 6

$
2 .9 4
2 .3 9
3 .0 5
3 .1 0

$
2 .2 7 1 .9 1 2 .4 6 2 .9 7 -

$
3 .2 8
2.9 1
3 .5 3
3 .6 4

ORDER
FILLERS -------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

506
63
443

2 .9 2
2 .7 8
2 .9 3

2 .7 5
2 .8 6
2 .7 4

2 .4 4 - 3 .2 6
2 . 6 2 - 2 .9 5
2 .4 2 - 3 .4 5

PACKERS, SH IPPING
MANUFACTURING -

185
81

2 .2 9
2 .6 5

2 .1 7
2 .7 2

1 .9 8 2 .2 9 -

2 .6 3
3 .0 6

RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

128
31
97

2 .9 1
3 .1 2
2 .8 4

3 .0 1
3 .2 3
2 .9 3

2 .2 6 3 .1 3 2 .1 1 -

SH IPPING CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

64
25
39

3 .3 0
3 .0 5
3 .4 6

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

56
32

TRUCKDRIVERS
------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------

4

63

26

12

14

17

-

-

-

99

4
“

63
30

26

12
~

14
13

17
*

-

-

-

-

-

31

42

-

4

23

25

-

31

42

*

4

23

25

16
7
9

9

4

16

1

-

_

9

4

16

-

-

-

8
8
“

4
4

8
4
4

-

-

14

-

12
12

2

12
“

11
11

2

8
1

107
12
95

104
16
88
70

56
19
37
5

2 21

63
27
36
*

80
2
78
25

108
26
82
“

108
54
54
25

30
30
11

220
106
114
101

153
153
140

13
13

6
6

81
81

75
15
60

113
6
107

42
34
8

30
2

20
8

25
5

13
13

17
17

6
6

8
8

3 .4 0
3.3 1
3 .4 8

16

6
2
4

4
4

8
~
6

4
2
2

18
2
16

3 .2 8
3 .0 9
3 .2 9

2 .9 5 - 3 .5 0
2 .9 3 - 3 .3 8
3 . 2 2 - 4 .0 4

_
-

2
2
-

-

5
1
4

4
4

3 .0 3
2 .8 2

3 . 11
2 .7 7

2 .7 5 2 .6 3 -

3 .2 8
3 .2 4

_

4
4

3
3

i
i

2 ,2 3 2
261
1,9 7 1
1 ,1 5 2

3 .7 5
2 .9 7
3 .8 5
4 .3 6

3 .7 4
3 .2 2
3 .7 8
3 .8 9

2 . 9 6 - 4 .5 7
2 . 5 9 - 3 .2 8
3 . 0 0 - 4 .7 3
3 . 7 3 - 5.4 3

66
26
40

29
15
14

101
18
83

149
7
142

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

279
271

3 .0 2
3 .0 3

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

2 .3 4 2 .3 7 -

3 .9 3
3 .9 3

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------

878
38
840
737

3 .9 2
2 .4 9
3 .9 8
4 .0 9

3 .7 8
2 .5 1
3 .7 9
3 .7 9

3 .2 8 2 .0 7 3 .4 2 3 .7 0 -

4 .7 2
2 .8 9
4 .7 3
4 .7 6

22
14
8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER
TRAILER TYPE ) ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

731
90
641
392

4 .2 0
3 .0 5
4 .3 6
4 .9 1

4 .0 8
3 .1 6
4 .1 8
5 .4 2

3 . 5 9 - 5.4 3
2 . 6 0 - 3 .6 4
3 . 7 2 - 5 .4 4
3 . 8 0 - 5 .4 6

10
2
8

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE ) ------------

156

3 .3 8

3 .2 6

3 .2 2 -

10

143
7
136
80

45
8
37

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

67
67

46
34

12

18
6

-

16

-

24
24

3 .2 9

490
197
293

3 .0 2
2 .8 2
3 .1 6

3 .1 1
2 .9 1
3 .3 0

2 .7 1 - 3 .3 5
2 . 4 4 - 3 .0 8
2 . 8 7 - 3 .3 7

AND CLEANERS ----JANITORS, PORTERS
MANUFACTURING --NONMANUFACTURING

343
84
259

1 .8 6
2 .1 3
1 .7 7

1 .7 7
2 .1 3
1 .7 3

1 .6 8 - 1 .9 7
1 .9 5 - 2 .1 9
1 .6 7 - 1 .7 9

PACKERS,

191

2 .9 2

2 .6 8

2 .6 1 -

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T )
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

24
24

_
-

14
10
4

5

SHIPPING

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




3 .6 4

5
16

-

-

“

*

“

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

1

-

_

_

1

“

”

*
*

:

:

:

:

:

:

356
36
320
295

238

82

4

61

121

20

_

-

404

238
103

82
21

4

61

4

121
112

20
20

-

-

404
404

8
8

60
60

17
14

8
8

4
3
1

39
7
32

9

64
6
58
58

13
8
5
5

214

105

21

3

35

90

-

-

-

144

214
211

105
103

21
17

3
3

35

90
90

_

-

-

144
144

21
5
16
4

27
11
16
“

140
36
104
84

40

61

1

10

16

20

40

61
4

1
1

10
“

16
7

20
20

18
10
8

24
24

9

24
12
12

-

-

2

-

13
13
”

22
12
10

32
12
20

65
33
32

66
46
20

78
28
50

10
10
-

36
34
2

5
1
4

10
6
4

-

18
9
9

16

1

6

-

WOMEN

21

109
88

:

-

29
24

-

4

42
13
29

112

81
81
30

1

-

*

14

*

-

99
99

68

-

-

“

“

_

260
-

“

260
260

119

2
117

-

-

-

16

15

-

-

-

-

40
30
10

4

5

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

4

5

3

3

*

“

“

13
B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t practices and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e provisions

T a b le B -1.

M inim um en tra n c e sala ries fo r w o m en o fficew o rkers

(D istrib u tio n of e stab lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y fo r se lected c a te g o rie s
of in ex p e rie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , C h a rlo tte , N .C ., J an u ary 1972)
In exp erien ced typists
M anufacturing
M inim um w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 4

O ther in e x p erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk e rs
M anufacturing

N onm anufacturing

B a se d on stan dard w eek ly h ours 6
in d u s t rie s

in d u s t rie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d ________

________________________________

145

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m ____________________

34

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

6 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 __________________________________________
6 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 __________________________________________
6 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 __________________________________________
7 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 __________________________________________
7 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 __________________________________________
7 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 _________________________________________
7 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 .0 0 ________________________________ ________
8 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 —________________________________________
8 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 __________________________________________
8 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 __________________________________________
8 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 .0 0 __________________________________________
9 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 .5 0 ___________________________________________
9 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 .0 0 __________________________________________
9 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 .5 0 __________________________________________
9 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 ________________________________________
1 0 0.00 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2.50_______________________________________
1 0 2.50 an d o v e r ____________________________________________________

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3 7 l/2

40

XXX

91

XXX

XXX

40

54

A ll
s c h e d u le s

2
3
7
4
1
2

8

7

26

6

19

_
2
3
5
-

N onm anufacturing

B a se d on stan dard w eek ly h ours 6 of—

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
-

2
-

2
3
3
-

1
.
-

1
3
3
-

4
-

3
-

2
3
3
-

1
2
-

1
1
2
-

1
-

3
-

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3772

40

145

54

XXX

91

XXX

x^oc

56

19

16

37

6

30

3
3
4
8
2
7
2
8
1
8
1
6

2
_

2
_

-

-

3
1
1
1
5
-

3
1
1
1
4
-

3
-

2
-

1
3
4
5
1
6
1
3
1
5
1
3

1
2
4
4
1
5
_

1
_
1
1
1
-

3
-

1
-

1
1

1
1

4
1

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

1
2

1
2

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

-

1

1

-

4
1
2

1

-

-

-

-

1
2

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _________________

25

7

XXX

18

XXX

XXX

39

13

XXX

26

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _________________________________________________________

86

39

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

50

22

XXX

28

XXX

XXX

See footnotes at end of ta b le s.




14




T a b le B - 2 .

S h if t d iffe re n tia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and am ou n t o f p a y d if f e r e n t ia l,
C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , J a n u a ry 1972)
( A l l p la n tw o r k e r s

in m a n u fa c tu rin g = 1 0 0 p e r c e n t)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n tw o r k e r s —

L a t e -s h ift pay p ro v is io n

In e stablish m en ts having p ro v is io n s 7
fo r late shifts

A c tu a lly w ork in g on late shifts

Second shift

T h ir d o r other
shift

Second shift

T h ir d o r other
shift

T otal______________________________________________

81.7

64.6

18.2

7.4

N o pay d iffe r e n t ia l f o r w o rk on late s h ift ______

20.9

1 2 .8

5.0

1 .5

P a y d iffe re n tia l fo r w o rk on late sh ift__________

60.8

51.8

13.2

5 .9

T y p e and am ount of d iffe re n tia l:
51.9

41.8

11.4

4 .7

5 c e n ts _____________________________________
6 c e n t s _____________________________________
8 c e n t s _____________________________________
9 cents _ ________________ _______________
10 c e n t s ___________________________________
12 cents_________________ ______ ____________
13 cents____________________________________
I 3 V3 cents_________________________________
14 cents____________________________________
15 cents____________________________________
20 cents_______ ________________________ 4 2 V3 cents_________________________________

15.8
1.7
2.8
2.5
16.0
1.7
1.9
1.7
7.9
-

13.6
4.5

3.3

2 .2

-

7.5
2.8
1.4
7.7
2.4
1.9

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________

4.9

4.9

1.2

.7

IV2 p e r c e n t ________________________________

.7

_

_

_

.7

-

U n ifo r m cents (p e r h o u r )__________________

.6

.9
.7
2.7
.5
-

.8
-

1.4
-

.
.2
.4
.1
.6
.3

-

-

.7
.6

3 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
7 p e r c e n t __________________________________
9 p e r c e n t __________________________________

1.7

-

.5

-

-

2.5

1.7
2.5

.7

.7

O th er fo r m a l pay d iffe re n tia l______________

4.0

5.1

.6

.5

1 p erc e n t_________________________________
0

S e e fo o tn o te s

at en d o f ta b le s .

-

-

15

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d a y s

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n tw o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs and d ays
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C h a r lo t t e , N . C ., J a n u a ry 1972)
P la n tw o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

W e e k ly h o u rs and days
A ll in d u stries

A l l w o r k e r s ______

_____________________________

35 h o u rs— 5 d ay s____________________________________
36 h ou rs— 4 d ays____________________________________
367* h ou rs— 5 d a y s _________________________________
3 6 V3 h ou rs— 5 d ay s_________________________________
37'/2 h ou rs— 5 d ay s_________________________________
383 h ou rs— 5 d ay s_________________________________
/4
3 9 V2 h o u rs— 5 d a y s _________________________________
4 0 h o u r s _______________________________________________
5 d a y s ______________________________________________
6 days _ ------------------------------------------------------------42 h ou rs— 5 d ay s____________________________________
4 5 h o u rs . __________________________ ____ _____________
5 d a y s ______________________________________________
5 72 d a y s ___________________________________________
4772 h ou rs— 5 d a y s— - ________ ___________________
4 8 h o u r s ______________________________________________
5 d a y s ___________________________ ________________
6 d a y s ______________________________
_____________
54 h o u rs— 6 d ay s____________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le s .




100

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

A ll in du stries

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

100

10 0

100

-

17
67
67
10
10
-

1
8

8

1
71
70
1
1

75
75
-

7

7

6

4

2
2
8

3

1

-

7

7

1

2
7

6

3
(9 )
5

C
)
22
3
66
66
n
-

1

-

1
25
18
55
55
-

100
100
-

16

T a b le B - 4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , J a n u a ry 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________

______

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ________ _______________ _____________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

92

90

100

99

99

100

8

10

(9 )

1

-

1

2
1
3
4
16
23
15
5
1
10

(!)

(!)
(9 )

-

-

N u m b e r o f d ays
1 h o lid a y ________________________________________________
2 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
3 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
4 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d ay ___________________________
6 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s --------------- --------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s _________________________
8 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
9 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
10 h o lid a y s _____________________________ ______________
10 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------12 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________

(9 )
2
3
27
-

18
11
(9 )
-

16
1
7

_
1
4
21

3
-

56
-

C)

(!)
n
18
(9 )
30
15
1
(9 )
15

-

-

5

9
1

-

-

-

(’ )
7
3
8
1
(9 )

14
17
73
73
95
95
99
100
100
100
100

(9 )
1
9
11
19
20
35
50
80
80
98
98
98
98
99

(’ )
(’ )

14
-

2
2
7

(9 )
35

16
-

5
2
7
-

_
4
18
8
3
-

64
4
-

18
3

-

-

-

_

_

_

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 1
0
12 d a y s __________________________________________________
lO'/z d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------10 d a y 8 o r m o r e ______________________________________
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________ - —
8'/z d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
5'/z d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________ ____ —
- 5 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________ ________
4 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ______________
________ ______ ___
2 d a y s o r m o r e __________________
—........ ...........
1 d a y o r m o r e _________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




(!)
(9 )
5
5

13
13
30
41
59
59
87
90
91
91
92

_
1
10
10
21
21
26
41
64
64
80
84
87
88
90

3
21
21
30
30
36
52
87
88
95
96
98
98
99

_
_
4
7

71
78
96
96
100
100
100
100
100

17

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n tw o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y p r o v is io n s ,

C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., J a n u a ry 1972)

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s tr ie s

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s trie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
84
14

97
70
28

100
100
-

100
99

100
98
2

100
100
-

2

3

-

-

-

-

15
20
1
-

26
14
2
-

_
39
-

10
50
7
-

36
-

-

-

3
45
1
7
2

-

-

(9 )

2
28
70

63
37

M eth o d o f p a ym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s __________________ _____________ ____
L e n g t h - o f - t im e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t_____________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
n o p a id v a c a tio n s __________________________________

(9 )

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 1
1
A f t e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________ ______
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________

-

_

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________ - - - O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . .
______ ~ _
_ .

_

2
76
1
19

5
69
3
20

-

-

-

52
5
41

31
1
67

69
31

35
63
2

-

_

-

A f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________ ________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s . _______ __________ _ —
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________

47
4
47
-

-

-

28
5
65
-

35
10
53
-

12
88
-

-

-

*

26
5
67

35
10
53
-

6
93
1

13
(9 )

84
2

15
85
-

16
2
83
-

A f t e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w eeks. .
________________________________________

5
91
3
1

11
89
-

-

5
91
3
1

11
89
-

7
92
2

-

-

1
83
4
12

5
74
2
19

98
2

7
93
-

A ft e r 4 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________ ____
2 w e e k s __________________ — ..................... .......... .........O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___ ________ ______ ______
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________

n

-

-

19
67
3
8

99
1

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ...................... ......................................................
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------- --------------------3 w e e k s __________________ ______ _____ ---------------------

See footnotes at end of tables




15
75
2
6

_

_

18

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is io n s , C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , J a n u a ry 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

26
1
72
-

3

16
45
3
27
6

13
37
3
42
3

16
42
4
29
6

13
23
(9 )
48
1
12

16
29
(9 )
37
3
12

11
54
35

13
21
29
2
26
6

16
25
32
3
13
8

11
13
8
58
10

13
21
25
2
26

16
25
25
3
20

11
13
8
37

-

-

-

8
1

8

20
10

13
21
25

16
25
25

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 11— C o n tin u ed
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ ___________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s _________ _____ _____________________ __ __ _

13
40
2
40
-

_

-

i
30

.

4
47
31
-

21
2
77
-

18

-

1
30
1
58
3
7

4
43
4
32
18

21
2
77
-

1
19
(9 )
54
2
24

4
18
1
52
26

66
17

1
18
25

4
18
36
24

17
8
2
72

-

-

19

2

(9 )
58
3
7

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

20
8
72
-

-

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________ ______________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

_

_
17
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ...
------------------- ------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________________ ____________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ___________
__________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s -------------------------------5 w e e k s ________________________________________________

(9 )
46
2
8

_

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________
6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

-

1
18
18

4
18
15

(9 )
43
2
17

45
19

(’ )

-

1
18
18
(9 )

4
18
15
-

42

44

-

17
8
2
45
27
2

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le *
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________ __________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _____ . —
----4 w e e k s _______________________________ _______________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________
6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

*

E s t im a t e s

o f p r o v is io n s f o r

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




30 y e a r s

3

2

25
8

18
7

3

3

o f s e r v ic e

a r e id e n tic a l.

11
13
8
37
20
10

2
17
1

19
2

17
8
2
45
27
2

19

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n tw o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , C h a r lo t t e , N .C ., J a n u a ry 1972)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin a n c in g 1
2

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________________

A l l in d u s tr ie s

10
0

M a n u fa c tu rin g

10
0

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g a t

O f f ic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t ilit ie s

10
0

A l l in d u s tr ie s

10
0

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

10
0

10
0

95

97

10
0

99

99

10
0

87
61

88

10
0

98
77

10
0

60

78

99
67

6
6

75
54

66

49

65
56

51

82
78

6
6

62

90

84

85

97

45
35

50
41

42
41

34
19

31
28

30
29

17

1
2

18

62

68

45

16

1
0

44

35

13

13
7
97

6
6
10
0

A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
58
44
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r

S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
S ick le a v e (p a r t ia l p ay o r

1
0
93
62
93
62
74
45
83
53
4
4
65
60

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




66
97

66
83
47
82
50

60
56

99

10
0
99
67

6
6

94
92
26
26
91
91

9

4

35
24
99
59
99
59
87
46
98
55

29
16
99
85
99
85
78
48
96

66

5
90
77

82
61

1
2

65

1
1
4

10
0
98

10
0
98
78
77

10
0
98

8
8

90
90

20

Footnotes
A l l of these standard footnotes m ay not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x clu sive of pay fo r o v e r tim e
at regu la r and/or p rem iu m ra te s ), and the earnings corresp on d to these w eek ly hours.
2 The mean is computed f o r each job by totaling the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the number of w o r k e r s .
The median
designates position— half of the em p loyees surveyed r e c e iv e m o r e than the rate shown; half r e c e iv e less than the rate shown.
The middle
range is defined b y 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s earn less than the lo w e r of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 Exclu des p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 T h ese s a la r ie s r ela te to f o r m a l l y established minimum starting (hiring) regu la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that are paid fo r standard
w orkweeks.
5 Excludes w o r k e r s in su b c le ric a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r.
6 Data a re presen ted fo r a ll standard workweeks combined, and fo r the m ost common standard w ork w eek s reported.
i
Includes a ll p lan tw orkers in establishments c u rren tly operating late shifts, and establishments whose f o r m a l p ro visio n s c o v e r late
shifts, even though the establishments w e r e not curren tly operating late shifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 percent.
9 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
1 A l l combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount a re combined; fo r exam ple , the proportion of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a
0
total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4half days, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s
then w e r e cumulated.
1 Includes payments other than "len g th of t i m e , " such as p ercentage of annual earnings o r fla t-su m payments, converted to an equivalent
1
tim e basis; fo r exam ple, a payment of 2 percen t of annual earnings was considered as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r i o d s of s e r v ic e w e r e chosen a r b it r a r ily
and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p rovision s for p ro g re s s io n . F o r example, the changes in proportio ns indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
include changes in p ro v is io n s o c cu rrin g between 5 and 10 years. E stim ates are cumulative. Thus, the prop ortion e lig ib le f o r 3 w eeks' pay or
m o r e after 10 y e a r s includes those elig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e after f e w e r ye a rs of s e r v ic e .
1 E s tim a te s listed after type of benefit are fo r all plans fo r which at least a part of the cost is borne by the e m p lo y e r. "N oncontributory
2
pla ns" include only those plans financed e n tir e ly by the e m p loyer. Excluded are le g a lly req u ired plans, such as w o r k m e n 's compensation, social
secu rity, and r a ilr o a d retirem en t.
1 Unduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sick leave o r sickness and accident insurance shown s e p a ra tely below. Sick leave plans are
3
lim ite d to those which d efin ite ly establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
In form al sick
le a v e allowances determ in ed on an individual basis are excluded.




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
The p r im a ry purpose o f prep a rin g jo b d escription s fo r the Bu reau's wage su rveys is to a ssist its fie ld sta ff in cla s s ify in g into a ppropriate
occupations w ork ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork arran gem en ts fro m establishm ent to establishm ent and
fro m a rea to a rea . Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational wage rates rep resen tin g com parable jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in terestablish m ent and in te ra re a co m p a ra b ility o f occupational content, the Bureau's job d escrip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ifican tly fro m those in use in
individual establishm ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er purposes. In applying these job d escrip tio n s, the Bu reau's fie ld econ om ists a re instru cted
to exclude w orking su p erviso rs; apprentices; le a rn e rs ; beginn ers; tra in ees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry, and probationary w o rk ers.

OFFICE
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in voices on a machine other than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay also keep re co rd s as to billin gs o r shipping charges o r p erfo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g o pera tion s. F o r w age study purposes, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as fo llow s:
B ille r , machine (b illin g m a ch in e). U ses a specia l b illin g m achine (com bination typing
and adding m achine) to p rep a re b ills and in voic es fro m cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e r s , in te r­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in volves application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch arges and en try o f n ecess a ry extension s, which m ay o r
m ay not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and totals which a re au tom atically accumulated
by m achine. The operation usually in volves a la rg e number o f carbon co pies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r , machine (bookkeeping m ach in e). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without
a ty p e w rite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part o f the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en era lly in volves the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u res on cu sto m ers' le d g e r re c o rd . The
machine au tom atically accum ulates fig u res on a number o f v e r tic a l columns and computes
and usually prints au tom atically the debit o r cred it balances.
Does not in volv e a knowl­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fro m uniform and standard types o f sales and cred it slips.
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re co rd
o f business tran saction s.
C lass A . Keeps a set o f re co rd s requ irin g a knowledge o f and ex p erien ce in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fa m ilia r ity with the stru ctu re of the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p rop e r re co rd s and distribu tion o f debit and c re d it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p rep a re consolidated re p o rts, balance sheets, and other re co rd s
by hand.
C lass B. Keeps a re c o rd o f one o r m o re phases o r sections o f a set o f re cord s usually
re q u irin g little knowledge o f basic bookkeeping. Phases o r sections include accounts payable,
p a yro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type o f b illin g d es crib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), cost distribu tion , expense distribu tion , in ven tory co n trol, etc. M ay check or a ssist
in preparation o f tr ia l balances and p rep a re control sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to re g is te r s and le d g e rs ;
re con cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al consistency, com pleteness, and m ath em atical
accu ra cy o f accounting documents; assigning p re s c rib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l a ccu racy variou s types o f re p o rts , lis ts , calculations, posting, etc.;
o r p rep a rin g sim ple o r a ssistin g in p rep a rin g m o re co m plicated journal vou chers. M ay w ork
in eith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork re q u ires a knowledge o f c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e p ractices and p rocedu res
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p roce ssin g and record in g o f transactions and accounting in form ation .
With ex p erien c e, the w ork er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedu res used in the assigned w ork, but is not requ ired to have a knowledge o f the fo rm a l
p rin cip les o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
C lass A . Under gen era l su pervision, p erfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the application o f ex p erien ce and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p rocessin g co m ­
plica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, selectin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f
p re s c rib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, o r tra cin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ in e sou rce o f d isc rep a n cies. M ay be a ssisted by one o r m o re
cla ss B accounting c le rk s .
C lass B . Under clo se su pervision, follow in g detailed in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l o peration s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , card s, o r w orksh eets w here iden tification o f item s and location s o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking accu ra cy and com pleteness o f standardized and re p e titiv e re cord s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te ria l in an establish ed filin g system . M ay p e rfo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks requ ired to m aintain file s . Position s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
C lass A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te r ia l such as corresp on d en ce, re p o rts, tech ­
nical documents, etc., in an establish ed filin g system containing a number o f v a rie d subject
m a tter file s . M ay also file this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re co rd s o f va riou s types in conjunction
with the file s . M ay lead a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le rk s .
C lass B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo rm re la ted

C lass C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l cla s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alph abetical, ch ron ological,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, lo ca tes re a d ily a va ila ble m a te r ia l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a ­
te r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ithdrawal ch arge. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
requ ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers' o rd e rs fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch andise by m a il, phone, o r p erson a lly.
Duties in volve any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p ric e s to cu stom ers; m aking out an o rd er
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r ; checking p ric e s and quantities o f item s on o rd er
sheet; and distribu tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to determ in e c re d it rating o ( cu stom er, acknow ledge re ceip t of o rd e rs fro m cu stom ers,
fo llo w up o rd e rs to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in voices with o rigin a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
Computes w ages o f company em ployees and en ters the n ecess a ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties in volve: Calculating w o r k e r s ' earnings based on tim e o r production re co rd s; and
posting calculated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's name, w orking
days, tim e, ra te, deductions fo r insurance, and total w ages due. M ay make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in m aking up and distribu tin g pay en velopes. M ay use a calcu lating m achine.

The Bureau has discontinued co llectin g data fo r o ile r s and plu m bers.

21

u nclassified m a te ria l by sim ple (subject m a tter) head­
fin er subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple re lated index and
loca tes c le a r ly iden tified m a te ria l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks requ ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

22
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

P r im a r y duty is to o pera te a C om p to m eter to p e r fo rm m ath em atical com putations. This
jo b is not to be confused with that o f s ta tistica l o r other type o f c le r k , which m ay in volve f r e ­
quent use o f a C om p to m eter but, in which, use o f this machine is incidental to p erfo rm a n ce o f
oth er duties.

N O T E : The te rm "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l definitions fo llow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a significan t co rp o ra te -w id e policym aking ro le with rega rd to m a jo r
company a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t," though n orm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le, does not
in all cases id en tify such position s. V ice presiden ts whose p r im a ry re s p o n sib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual cases o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c re d it actions;
ad m in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c tly su p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not co n sidered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes o f applying the fo llow in g le v e l d efin itio n s.

KEYPU N C H OPERATOR
• O p era tes a keypunch m achine to re c o r d
tabulating ca rd s o r on tape.

o r v e r ify

alphabetic

and/or num eric

data on
C la ss A

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.
a ll,
C lass A . W ork re q u ires the application o f ex p erien c e and judgment in sele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llow ed and in searchin g fo r , in te rp retin g , selectin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fro m a v a rie ty o f sou rce docum ents. On o ccasion m ay also p e rfo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork. M ay tra in in exp erien ced keypunch o p era to rs.
C lass B.
W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under clo se su pervision o r fo llo w in g sp e cific
procedu res o r in stru ction s, w orks fro m variou s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and fo llow s sp e cified p roced u res which have been p re s c rib e d in d eta il and re q u ire
little o r no selectin g, coding, o r in te rp retin g o f data to be record ed . R e fe rs to su p erviso r
p roblem s a ris in g fro m erroneou s item s o r codes o r m is sin g in form ation .

2. S e c re ta ry to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the board or presiden t)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p ers o n s ; or
3. S e c re ta ry to the head, im m ed ia tely below the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm ent o r su bsid iary o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p erso n s.

o f a m a jo r

C lass B
a ll,

1. S e c re ta ry to the chairm an o f the board o r presid en t o f a company that em p loys, in
fe w e r than 100 p ers o n s ; o r

2. S e c re ta ry to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the board or presiden t)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p erso n s; o r

MESSENGER (O ffic e B oy o r G irl)
P e r fo r m s va rio u s routine duties such as running erra n d s, opera tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as sea le rs o r m a ile r s , opening and distribu tin g m a il, and oth er m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude position s that re q u ire operation o f a m o to r v e h icle as a significan t duty.

SECRETARY
A ssig n ed as person a l s e c re ta ry , n o rm a lly to one individual. Maintains a clo se and highly
resp o n siv e relatio n sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y w ork o f the s u p erviso r. W orks fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceiv in g a m inim u m o f deta iled su p ervision and guidance. P e r fo r m s va rie d c le r ic a l and s e c re ta ria l
duties, usually including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
a. R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , p erson al c a lle r s , and incom ing m a il, answ ers routine in ­
q u irie s , and routes tech nical in qu iries to the p rop e r persons;
b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

c.
d.

R ela ys m e ssa g es fro m

and re v is e s the s u p e r v is o r's file s ;

s u p erviso r to subordinates;

e. R ev iew s co rresp o n d en ce, m em orandum s, and re p orts p repa red
s u p e r v is o r's signatu re to assu re p roced u ra l and typographic accu racy;

by oth ers fo r the

M ay also p e r fo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c re ta ria l tasks o f com parable nature and d ifficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ires know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the organ ization ,
p ro g ra m s, and p roced u res re la ted to the w ork o f the s u p erviso r.
Exclusions
Not a ll position s that a re titled " s e c r e t a r y " possess the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f positions which a re excluded fro m the definition a re as fo llow s:
"p e rs o n a l"

4. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r other equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p erso n s; o r
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
m anagem ent s u p erviso r o f an orga n ization a l segm ent often in volv in g as many as s e v e ra l
hundred p erso n s) o r a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .
C lass C

2. S e c re ta ry to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r other equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .
C lass D

P e r fo r m s stenographic and typing w ork.

which do not m e e t the

3. S e c re ta ry to the head, im m ed ia tely below the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
co rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g, re s e a rc h , opera tio n s, in du strial r e la ­
tion s, etc .) c>r a m a jo r geograph ic o r o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a re gio n a l headquarters;
a m a jo r d ivis ion ) o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
em p lo y e e s ; or

1. S e c re ta r y to an execu tive o r m a n a gerial person whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalent
to one o f the sp e c ific le v e l situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose orga n ization a l
unit n o rm a lly num bers at lea st s e v e ra l dozen em p loy ees and is usually divided into o rg a n iz a ­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l
includes a w ide range o f orga n ization a l echelons; in oth ers, on ly one o r two; ^ r

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's calen dar and m akes appointments as instructed;

f.

1. S e c re ta ry to the chairm an of the board o r presicfent o f a company that em ploys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p erso n s; o r *
1

a.

P o sition s

s e c re ta ry

b.

1. S e c re ta ry to the su p erviso r o r head o f a sm all o rga n izatio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p erso n s); ^ r
2. S e c re ta ry to a n on su pervisory staff s p e cia list, p ro fe ssio n a l em p loyee, a d m in istra ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a ssistan t, sk ille d technician o r ex p ert.
(N O T E : Many com panies assign
sten ograph ers, ra th er than s e c re ta rie s as d es crib e d above, to this le v e l o f su p erviso ry or
n on su pervisory w o r k e r .)

Exam ples

concept d es crib e d

S TE N O G R A P H E R
above;

S tenographers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c re ta ria l type duties;

c. S tenographers servin g as o ffic e assistants to a group o f p ro fe ssio n a l, tech nical, or
m a n a geria l persons;
d. S e c re ta r y position s in which the duties a re eith er substantially m o re routine or sub­
stantially m o re com plex and resp o n sib le than those ch a ra c te riz e d in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation. May
also type fro m w ritten copy. M ay o pera te fro m a stenographic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n scrib e
from vo ic e re co rd in gs ( if p r im a ry duty is tra n scrib in g fro m re c o rd in g s , see T ran scrib in g-M a ch in e
O p era to r, G en era l).
N O T E : Th is job is distinguished fro m that o f a s e c re ta ry in that a s e c re ta ry n orm a lly
w orks in a con fiden tial relation sh ip with only one m an ager o r ex ecu tive and p erfo rm s m o re
re spon sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d escrib ed in the s e c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, G eneral

e. A ssista n t type positions which in volve m o re d ifficu lt o r m o re responsib le tech ­
n ical, a d m in istra tive, s u p erviso ry , o r sp e c ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not typ ical of
s e c re ta ria l w ork.




D ictation in volves a n orm al routine vo cabu lary. M ay m aintain file s , keep sim ple re c o rd s ,
o r p erfo rm oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

23
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )— C on tin u ed

Stenographer, Senior

Po sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.

Dictation in volv es a va rie d tech nical o r s p e cia lize d vocabu lary such as in leg a l b riefs
o r rep orts on scie n tific re sea rch . M ay also set up and m aintain file s , keep re c o rd s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s stenographic duties requ irin g sign ifican tly g r e a te r independence and respon ­
sib ility than sten ograph er, gen era l, as evidenced by the follow in g:
W ork re q u ires a high
d eg ree o f stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough w orkin g knowledge o f general business
and o ffic e procedu re; and o f the s p e cific business operations, o rgan ization, p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
dures, file s , w orkflow , etc. Uses this knowledge in p erfo rm in g stenographic duties and
responsib le c le r ic a l tasks such as maintaining follow up file s ; a ssem blin g m a teria l fo r re p orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs ; com posing sim ple le tte rs fro m gen era l in stru ction s; reading and
routing incom ing m a il; and answ ering routine questions, etc.
S W ITCH B O AR D O P E R A T O R
C lass A . O perates a single- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e ca lls. P e r fo r m s full telephone in form ation s e r v ic e o r handles
com plex ca lls, such as co n feren ce, c o lle c t, o v e rs e a s , o r s im ila r ca lls, eith er in addition to
doing routine w ork as d escrib ed fo r sw itchboard o p era to r, class B, o r as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. (" F u ll" telephone in form ation s e r v ic e occu rs when the establishm ent has v a rie d
functions that a re not re a d ily understandable fo r telephone in form ation purposes, e.g ., because
o f o verlapp in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and consequently presen t frequent problem s as to
which extensions a re appropriate fo r c a lls .)
C lass B . Operates a single- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay handle routine long distance c a lls and re c o rd to lls .
M ay p e rfo rm lim ited telephone in form ation s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telephone in form ation s e r v ic e
occu rs i f the functions o f the establishm ent s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily understandable fo r telephone
in form ation purposes, o r i f the requests a re routine, e.g ., givin g extension numbers when
sp e c ific names a re furnished, o r i f com p lex ca lls a re r e fe r r e d to another o p era to r.)
Th ese c la ssifica tio n s do not include switchboard o p era to rs in telephone com panies who
a ssist cu stom ers in placing ca lls.
S W ITCH B O AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p erfo rm in g duties o f o p era to r on a sin gle-p ositio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch ­
board, acts as recep tio n ist and m ay also type o r p e rfo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f regu lar
duties. This typing o r c le r ic a l work m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itchboard.
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O P E R A T O R

(E le c tr ic

A c c o u n tin g

M a c h in e

O p e ra to r)

O perates one o r a v a rie ty o f machines such as the tabu lator, calcu lator, c o lla to r, in te r­
p r e te r, s o rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are w orking su p erviso rs.
A ls o excluded a re op era tors o f e lec tro n ic digita l com pu ters, even though they m ay also operate
E A M equipment.

C la ss A . P e r fo r m s com plete reportin g and tabulating assignm ents including devising
d ifficu lt control panel w irin g under gen era l su pervision. A ssignm ents typ ic a lly in volve a
v a rie ty o f long and com plex re p orts which often a re irr e g u la r o r non recurrin g, requ iring
som e planning o f the nature and sequencing o f operations, and the use o f a v a rie ty o f m a ­
chines.
Is ty p ic a lly in volved in train ing new o p era to rs in m achine operations or training
lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs in w irin g fro m d iagram s and in the o peratin g sequences o f long and
com plex re p o rts.
Does not include positions in which w irin g re sp o n sib ility is lim ited to
selection and in sertio n o f p re w ire d boards.
C lass B . P e r fo rm s w ork accordin g to established procedu res and under s p e cific in ­
stru ctions. Assignm ents ty p ic a lly in volve com plete but routine and re c u rrin g rep orts o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o re com plex re p o rts. Operates m o re d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and calcu la tor, in addition to the sim p ler machines
used by cla ss C o p era to rs. M ay be requ ired to do some w irin g fro m dia gra m s. M ay tra in
new em ployees in basic m achine operations.
C lass C . Under sp e cific instru ctions, operates sim ple tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l accounting
m achines such’ as the s o rte r , in te rp re te r, reproducing punch, co lla to r, etc. Assignm ents
ty p ic a lly in volve portions o f a w ork unit, fo r exam ple, individual sortin g o r collatin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e o pera tion s. M ay p erfo rm sim ple w irin g fro m d ia gra m s, and do som e filin g w ork.
TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tra n scrib e dictation in volving a norm al routine vocabu lary from
tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e re c o rd s . M ay also type fro m w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork.
W orkers tra n scrib in g dictation in volving a va rie d technical or sp e cia lize d vocabu lary such as
leg a l b rie fs o r re p orts on s cie n tific re sea rch a re not included. A w o rk er who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype or s im ila r m achine is c la s s ifie d as a stenographer.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w rite r to make copies o f variou s m a teria ls o r to make out b ills a fter ca lcu la ­
tions have been m ade by another person. M ay include typing of sten cils, m ats, o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls fo r use in duplicating p r o ce sses. M ay do c le r ic a l w ork in volvin g little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re c o rd s , filin g re cord s and re p o rts, o r sortin g and distributing incom ing m a il.
C lass A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a teria l in final fo rm when
it in volves com bining m a teria l fro m s e v e ra l sou rces; o r re sp o n sib ility fo r c o rr e c t spelling,
syllab ication , punctuation, etc., o f technical o r unusual w ords o r fo reig n language m a te ­
ria l; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistica l tables to m aintain u niform ity
and balance in spacing. May type routine fo rm le tte rs , va ryin g details to suit circu m stances.
C lass B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing from rough o r c lea r
drafts; o r routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , etc.; o r setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; o r copying m o re com plex tables a lrea d y set up and spaced p rop e rly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R --- Continued

CO M PUTER O PERATO R
M on itors and operates the control console o f a digita l com puter to p rocess data accordin g
to operatin g in stru ction s, usually p repa red by a p ro g ra m e r. W ork includes m ost of the fo llo w in g :
Studies in stru ction s to determ in e equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with requ ired
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s, e tc .); sw itches n ecess ary a u xilia ry equipment into c irc u it, and starts
and o pera tes com puter; m akes adjustments to com puter to c o rr e c t operating problem s and m eet
sp ecia l conditions; re view s e r r o r s made during operation and d eterm in es cause o r r e fe r s problem
to su p erviso r o r p ro g ra m er; and maintains operatin g re c o rd s . M ay test and a ssist in c o rrectin g
prog ra m .
F o r wage study pu rposes,

com puter o p era to rs a re c la s s ifie d as follow s:

C la ss A . Operates independently, o r under only gen era l direction , a com puter running
p rog ra m s with m ost o f the follow in g ch a ra c te ris tic s :
New progra m s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requ irem en ts a re o f c r itic a l im portan ce to m in im ize downtime;
the p rog ra m s a re o f com plex design so that iden tification o f e r r o r sou rce often requ ires a
w orking knowledge o f the total p rog ra m , and altern ate p rogra m s m ay not be availa b le. May
giv e d irection and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs.
Class B. O perates independently, o r under only general direction , a com puter running
p rog ra m s with m ost of the fo llow in g ch a ra c te ris tic s : M ost o f the progra m s a re established
production runs, ty p ic a lly run on a re g u la rly re cu rrin g basis; there is little o r no testing




o f new prog ra m s requ ired ; altern ate p rog ra m s a re provid ed in case o rigin a l program needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o rre c te d within a reasonable tim e. In common e r r o r situa­
tion s, diagnoses cause and takes c o r r e c tiv e action. This usually in volves applying previo u sly
p rogra m ed c o r r e c tiv e steps, o r using standard c o rr e c tio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d ire c t su pervision a com puter running progra m s o r segm ents o f p rogra m s
with the ch a ra c te ris tic s describ ed fo r cla ss A . M ay a ssist a h igher le v e l operator by inde­
pendently p erfo rm in g less d ifficu lt tasks assigned, and p erfo rm in g difficu lt tasks fo llow in g
detailed instructions and with frequent re v ie w o f operations p erfo rm ed .
C lass C . W orks on routine p rogra m s under clo se su pervision. Is expected to develop
w orking knowledge o f the com puter equipment used and a b ility to detect problem s in volved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. U sually has re c e iv e d some form al train ing in com puter operation.
May a ssist h igher le v e l o p era to r on com plex p rogra m s.
C O M P U T E R PR O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f business p roblem s, typ ic a lly prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence o f detailed instructions which a re requ ired to so lve the problem s by automatic data
p roce ssin g equipment. W orking from charts o r d ia gra m s, the p ro g ra m er develop s the p recise in ­
structions which, when en tered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

24
COM PUTER

PRO G RAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

o f data to a ch ieve d es ire d re su lts . W ork in volves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lies knowledge o f
com puter c a p a b ilities, m a th em a tics, lo g ic em ployed by com pu ters, and p a rticu la r subject m a tter
in volved to analyze charts and d ia gra m s o f the prob lem to be p rogra m ed ; develop s sequence
o f p ro g ra m steps; w rite s d eta iled flo w charts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p roce ssed ;
con verts these charts to coded in stru ction s fo r m achine to fo llow ; tests and c o rr e c ts p rog ra m s;
p rep a res instructions fo r operatin g personn el during production run; a nalyzes, re v ie w s , and a lters
p rog ra m s to in crea se operatin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new requ irem en ts; m aintains re co rd s o f
p rog ra m developm en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W ork ers p erfo rm in g both system s analysis and p r o ­
gram in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to determ in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loyees p r im a r ily resp o n sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p ervision o f
other elec tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p loy ees, o r p r o g ra m e r s p r im a rily concerned with scie n tific
and/or en gin eering p rob le m s.
F o r w age study pu rp oses, p r o g ra m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:
C lass A . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d irection on com p lex p roblem s which
re q u ire com petence in a ll phases of prog ra m in g concepts and p ra c tic e s . W orking from d ia ­
gram s and charts which id en tify the nature o f d es ired re su lts , m a jo r p ro ce ssin g steps to be
accom plished , and the relationships between va riou s steps o f the prob lem so lvin g routine;
plans the fu ll range o f p rog ra m in g actions needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the com puter system
in ach ievin g d es ire d end products.
At this le v e l, p rog ra m in g is d ifficu lt because com puter equipment m ust be o rga n ized to
produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e rs e products from numerous and d iv e rs e data elem en ts.
A w ide v a rie ty and exten sive number o f in tern al p ro ce ssin g actions must o ccu r. Th is re q u ires
such actions as developm en t o f com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between o p era tio n s, adjustm ents to data when p rog ra m requ irem en ts exceed
com pu ter sto ra ge capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequ encing o f data elem ents
to fo rm a h igh ly in tegrated p ro g ra m .
M ay p rovid e functional d ire c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p ro g ra m e rs who a re assigned to a ssist.
C lass B . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d irection on r e la tiv e ly sim ple
p ro g ra m s , o r on sim ple segm ents o f com p lex p ro g ra m s .
P ro g ra m s (o r segm en ts) usually
p ro ce ss in form a tion to produce data in two o r th ree v a rie d sequences o r fo rm a ts. R ep orts
and listin gs a re produced by refin in g, adapting, a rra y in g , o r making m in o r additions to or
deletion s fr o m input data which a re re a d ily a va ila b le.
W hile numerous re c o rd s m ay be
p ro ce ssed , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r actions so that the accu ra cy and sequencing
o f data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T y p ic a lly , the p rog ra m deals with
routine re co rd -k ee p in g type o peration s.
OR
W orks on co m p lex p rog ra m s (as d e s crib e d fo r cla ss A ) under clo se d ire c tio n o f a high er
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r s u p erviso r. M ay a ssist h igh er le v e l p ro g ra m er by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d ifficu lt tasks assigned, and p e rfo rm in g m o re d ifficu lt tasks under fa ir ly clo se
d irection .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s .
C lass C . M akes p ra c tic a l applications o f p rog ra m in g p rac tic es and concepts usually
lea rn ed in fo rm a l tra in in g co u rses . A ssignm ents a re designed to d evelop com petence in the
application o f standard procedu res to routine p rob le m s. R e c e iv e s clo se su pervision on new
aspects o f assignm ents; and w ork is re view ed to v e r ify its accu racy and conform ance with
re qu ired p roce d u res.
C O M P U T E R S YSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s business p roblem s to form u late procedu res fo r solvin g them by use o f e lec tro n ic
data p ro ce ssin g equipment. D evelops a com plete d escrip tio n o f a ll specifica tion s needed to enable
p ro g ra m e rs to p rep a re re q u ired digita l com puter p ro g ra m s. W ork in volves m ost of the fo llo w in g :
A n a lyzes su b jec t-m a tter operations to be automated and id en tifies conditions and c r ite r ia re qu ired
to ach ieve s a tisfa cto ry resu lts; s p e c ifie s number and types of re c o rd s , file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be p e r fo rm e d by personnel and com puters in su fficient detail fo r
presen tation to m anagem ent and fo r p ro g ra m in g (ty p ic a lly this in volves preparation o f w ork and
data flo w ch arts); coordin ates the d evelop m en t o f test problem s and p a rticip ates in tr ia l runs o f
new and re v is e d system s; and recom m en ds equipment changes to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll
o peration s. (N O T E : W ork ers p e rfo rm in g both system s analysis and p rogra m in g should be c la s ­
sifie d as system s analysts i f this is the s k ill used to determ in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loyees p r im a r ily respon sib le fo r the managem ent or su pervision
o f other e lec tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p loy ees, o r system s analysts p r im a r ily concerned with
s cie n tific o r en gin eering prob lem s.
F o r w age study pu rposes,

system s analysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:

C lass A .
W orks independently o r under only general d irection on com plex problem s in ­
vo lvin g a ll phases o f system s ana lysis. P ro b le m s a re com p lex because o f d iv e rs e sou rces o f
input data and m u ltip le-u se requ irem en ts o f output data. (F o r exam ple, develop s an in tegrated
production scheduling, in ven tory co n trol, cost a n a lysis, and sales analysis re c o r d in which




COM PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C on tin u ed

e v e r y item o f each type is au tom atically p roce ssed through the fu ll system o f re cord s and
appropriate follow u p actions a re initiated by the com puter.) C o n fers with persons concerned to
d eterm in e the data p ro ce ssin g problem s and a dvises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lic a ­
tions o f new o r re v is e d system s of data p roce ssin g o peration s. M akes recom m en dation s, i f
needed, fo r approval o f m a jo r system s in stallations o r changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
M ay p rovid e functional d irectio n to lo w e r
a ssist.

le v e l system s analysts who a re assigned to

C la ss B . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d ire c tio n on prob lem s that are
re la t iv e ly uncom plicated to an alyze, plan, p rog ra m , and op era te. P r o b le m s a re o f lim ited
co m p le xity because sou rces o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly
related .
(F o r exam ple, develop s system s fo r m aintaining d ep osito r accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts re c e iv a b le in a re ta il establishm ent, o r m aintaining in ven tory accounts
in a m anufacturing o r w holesa le establish m ent.) C on fers with person s concern ed to determ in e
the data p ro ce ssin g problem s and advises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lica tio n s o f the
data p ro ce ssin g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a com plex data p ro ce ssin g schem e o r system , as d es crib e d fo r
cla ss A . W orks independently on routine assignm ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance
on com p lex assignm ents. W ork is re view ed fo r a ccu ra cy o f judgm ent, com plian ce with in ­
stru ctions, and to insu re p rop e r alinem ent with the o v e r a ll system .
C la ss C . W orks under im m ediate su pervision , c a rr y in g out analyses as assigned, usually
o f a sin gle a ctivity . A ssignm ents a re designed to develop and expand p ra c tic a l ex p erien ce
in the application o f p rocedu res and sk ills requ ired fo r system s a n alysis w ork. F o r exam ple,
m ay a ssist a h igh er le v e l system s analyst by prep a rin g the d eta iled specifica tion s re qu ired
by p r o g ra m e r s fro m in form a tion develop ed by the h igh er le v e l analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
C la ss A . Plans the graphic presen tation o f com plex item s having d istin ctive design
fea tu res that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m establish ed draftin g p reced en ts. W orks in c lo s e sup­
port with the design o rig in a to r , and m ay recom m en d m in o r design changes. A n a lyzes the
e ffe c t o f each change on the deta ils o f fo rm , function, and p o sition al relationships o f co m ­
ponents and p a rts.
W orks with a m inim um o f su p erviso ry a ssista n ce. C om pleted w ork is
re view ed by design o rig in a to r fo r co nsistency with p r io r en gin eerin g d eterm in a tion s. May
eith er p rep a re d raw in gs, o r d ire c t th e ir p repa ra tion by lo w e r le v e l draftsm en.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and com plex draftin g assignm ents that re q u ire the a p p li­
cation o f m o st o f the standardized draw ing techniques r e g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in ­
vo lve such w ork as: P r e p a re s w orkin g draw ings of su bassem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltiple functions, and p r e c is e position al relationships betw een com ponents; p rep a res a rc h i­
tectu ra l draw ings fo r constru ction o f a building including d etail draw in gs o f foundations, w all
section s, flo o r plans, and ro o f. Uses accepted form u las and manuals in making n ecess a ry
computations to d eterm in e quantities o f m a te r ia ls to be used, load ca p a cities, strength s,
s tre s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in stru ction s, requ irem en ts, and advice fr o m su p erviso r.
C om pleted w ork is checked fo r tech nical adequacy.
C lass C . P r e p a re s detail draw ings o f sin gle units o r parts fo r en gin eerin g, construction,
m anufacturing, o r re p a ir pu rposes. T yp es of draw ings p rep a red include is o m e tric projectio n s
(dep icting th ree dim ensions in accu rate sc a le ) and section al view s to c la r ify positioning o f
components and convey needed in form ation . C on solid ates d eta ils fro m a number o f sou rces
and adjusts o r tran sposes sca le as requ ired . Suggested m ethods o f approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on sou rce m a te r ia ls a re given with in itia l assignm ents. Instructions
a re less com plete when assignm ents re cu r.
W ork m a y be spot-ch ecked during p r o g re s s .
DR A F T S M A N - T R A C E R
C opies plans and draw ings p rep a red by oth ers by placin g tra cin g cloth or paper o ver
draw ings and tra cin g with pen o r p en cil.
(Does not include tra cin g lim ite d to plans p r im a rily
consisting o f straigh t lin es and a la rg e sca le not re q u irin g clo s e delin ea tion .)
AND/OR
P r e p a re s sim ple o r re p e titiv e draw ings o f e a s ily visu a lized item s .
during p r o g re s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly su pervised

E L E C T R O N IC T E C H N IC IA N
W orks on va riou s types of ele c tro n ic equipment o r system s by p erfo rm in g one o r m o re
o f the fo llow in g operations: M odifying, in stallin g, re p a irin g , and o verh au ling. Th ese operations
requ ire the p erfo rm a n ce o f m o st o r all o f the fo llo w in g tasks: A ssem b lin g , testin g, adjusting,
ca lib ratin g, tuning, and alining.
W ork is n on rep etitive and re q u ires a know ledge o f the th e o ry and p r a c tic e of ele c tro n ic s
pertain in g to the use o f gen era l and s p e c ia lize d e le c tro n ic te s t equipment; trou ble an alysis; and
the operation, relation sh ip, and alinem ent o f e le c tro n ic sy stem s, su bsystem s, and c ircu its having
a v a rie ty o f component parts.

25
E L E C T R O N IC TE C H N IC IA N — Continued

NU RSE, IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is te re d )

E le c tro n ic equipment o r system s w orked on ty p ic a lly include one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g ;
Ground, v e h ic le , o r a irborn e radio com m unications sy stem s, r e la y system s, navigation aids;
a irb o rn e o r ground radar system s; radio and te le v is io n tran sm ittin g o r record in g system s; e le c ­
tro n ic com puters; m is s ile and sp a cecra ft guidance and co n trol system s; in du strial and m ed ica l
m easu rin g, indicating and co n trollin g d ev ices; etc.

A re g is te r e d nurse who giv es nursing s e r v ic e under gen era l m e d ica l direction to i l l or
injured em ployees o r other persons who becom e il l o r su ffer an accident on the p rem ise s o f a
fa cto ry or other establishm ent. Duties in volve a combination o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid
to the i l l o r injured; attending to subsequent dressin g o f em p loy ees' in ju ries; keeping re cord s
o f patients trea ted ; p repa rin g accident rep orts fo r compensation o r other purposes; a ssistin g in
p h ysical exam inations and health evaluations o f applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rog ra m s in volvin g health education, accident preven tion , evaluation o f plant environm ent,
o r other a c tiv itie s a ffectin g the health, w e lfa re , and safety of a ll personnel. Nu rsing su p erviso rs
o r head nurses in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one nurse a re excluded.

(Exclude production a ssem b lers and t e s te r s , craftsm en , draftsm en, d es ign ers, en gin eers,
and rep a irm en of such standard ele c tro n ic equipment as o ffic e m achines, radio and televis io n
re c e iv in g s e ts .)

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T, M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the ca rp en try duties n ece s s a ry to construct and maintain in good re p a ir bu ild­
ing w oodw ork and equipment such as bins, c rib s , counters, benches, p a rtition s, d o ors, flo o r s ,
sta irs , casin gs, and t r im made o f wood in an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g ;
Planning and laying out of w ork fr o m blu eprints, draw in gs, m o d els , o r verb a l in stru ction s; using a
v a rie ty o f ca rp en ter's handtools, portable pow er to o ls , and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relatin g to dim ensions o f w ork; and selectin g m a teria ls n ecess a ry
fo r the w ork. In g e n era l, the w ork o f the m aintenance ca rp en ter re q u ires rounded train in g and
ex p erien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equ ivalent tra in in g and ex p erien ce.

Produ ces replacem en t parts and new parts in making re p a irs o f m eta l parts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost of the fo llo w in g : In terp retin g w ritten
instructions and sp ecifica tion s; planning and laying out of w ork; using a v a rie ty o f m ach in ist's
handtools and p recisio n m easu ring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine too ls;
shaping o f m eta l parts to clo se tole ra n c es; making standard shop computations relatin g to dim en ­
sions o f w ork, toolin g, fee d s, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the w orking p ro p e rties of
the comm on m e ta ls; selectin g standard m a te ria ls , parts, and equipment re qu ired fo r his w ork;
and fittin g and assem blin g parts into m echan ical equipment. In g e n era l, the m ach in ist's w ork
n o rm a lly re q u ires a rounded train in g in m achine-shop p ra c tic e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent train in g and ex p erien ce.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty o f e le c tr ic a l trade functions such as the in stallation, m aintenance, or
re p a ir of equipment fo r the generation , distribu tion , o r u tilization of e le c tr ic en ergy in an esta b ­
lishm ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g or re p a irin g any o f a v a rie ty of e le c ­
t r ic a l equipment such as ge n era to rs , tra n s fo rm e rs , sw itch boards, c o n tr o lle r s , circu it b r e a k e rs ,
m o to rs, heating units, conduit sy stem s, o r other tra n sm ission equipment; w orkin g fro m blu e­
prints, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecifica tion s; locatin g and diagnosing trou ble in the e le c tr ic a l
system or equipment; w orking standard computations relatin g to load requ irem en ts of w irin g or
e le c tr ic a l equipment; and using a v a rie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testin g
instrum ents. In ge n era l, the w ork of the m aintenance e le c tr ic ia n requ ires rounded train ing and
experien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent train in g and ex p erien ce.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
Operates and maintains and m ay also su p ervise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (m echan ical or e le c tr ic a l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er,
heat, re frig e ra tio n , o r air-co n d ition in g. W ork in volv es:
O perating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir co m p re s s o rs , g e n era to rs , m o to rs, turbines, ven tilatin g and r e f r i g ­
eratin g equipment, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r - fe d w a ter pumps; making equipment re p a irs; and
keeping a re cord of operation of m ach in ery, tem p era tu re, and fu el consumption. M ay also su­
p e r v is e these operations. Head or ch ief en gin eers in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one
en gin eer a re exclu ded.
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F ir e s stationary b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, pow er,
o r steam . F eeds fu els to fir e by hand o r operates a m echan ical sto k er, gas, o r o il burner; and
checks w a ter and safety v a lves . May clean, o il, o r a ssist in rep a irin g b o ile rr o o m equipment.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TRAD ES
A s s is ts one or m o re w ork ers in the skilled m aintenance tra d es, by p erfo rm in g sp e c ific
o r ge n era l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a w o rk er supplied with m a teria ls and too ls;
cleaning w orkin g a rea , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m a teria ls or
too ls; and p erfo rm in g other unskilled tasks as d irected by journeym an. The kind of w ork the
h elp er is p erm itted to p e rfo rm v a rie s fro m trade to tra d e: In som e trades the h elp er is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and holding m a teria ls and to o ls , and cleaning w orking a rea s; and in others
he is p erm itted to p e rfo rm sp e cia lize d m achine operations, o r parts of a tra d e that a re also
p erfo rm e d by w ork ers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LR O O M
S p e cia lizes in the operation o f one o r m o re types o f m achine tools, such as jig b o re r s ,
cy lin d ric a l o r su rface grin d e rs , engine lathes, or m illin g m achines, in the construction of
m ach in e-sh op too ls, ga ges, jig s , fix tu res, o r d ies. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt machining operations; processin g item s requ iring com plicated setups or
a high d e g re e o f a ccu racy; using a v a rie ty o f p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; selectin g feed s,
speeds, too lin g, and operation sequence; and making n ecess a ry adjustments during operation
to ach ieve re qu isite tolera n ces or dim ensions. M ay be re qu ired to recog n ize when tools need
d ressin g, to d ress to o ls , and to s ele ct p rop er coolants and cutting and lu bricatin g o ils .
For
cro ss -in d u stry w age study purposes, m a ch in e-too l o p era to rs, to o lro o m , in to o l and die jobbing
shops a re excluded fro m this cla ssifica tio n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M aintenance)
R ep airs au tom obiles, buses, m otortru cks, and tra c to rs o f an establishm ent. W ork in ­
v o lves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining autom otive equipment to diagnose sou rce o f trou ble; d is ­
a ssem blin g equipment and p erfo rm in g re p a irs that in volve the use of such handtools as w ren ch es,
ga ges, d r ills , o r sp e cia lize d equipment in disassem blin g o r fitting pa rts; replacing broken or
d efective parts fro m stock; grinding and adjusting v a lves ; reassem b lin g and in stallin g the variou s
a ssem b lies in the ve h ic le and making n ece s s a ry adjustments; and alining w h eels, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, o r tightening body bolts. In gen era l, the w ork of the au tom otive mechanic requ ires
rounded train in g and ex p erien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent
train ing and ex p erien ce.
Th is cla ssifica tio n does not include m echanics who re p a ir cu sto m ers' veh icles in auto­
m o b ile re p a ir shops.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R ep airs m a ch in ery o r m echan ical equipment o f an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trou ble;
dism antling o r pa rtly dism antling machines and p erfo rm in g rep a irs that m ain ly in volve the use
o f handtools in scrapin g and fittin g parts; replacing broken o r d efective parts with item s obtained
fro m stock; o rd erin g the production o f a replacem ent part by a m achine shop or sending of the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r re p a irs; preparin g w ritten sp e cifica tion s fo r m ajor rep a irs
or fo r the production o f parts o rd ered fr o m machine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and making
a ll n ecess a ry adjustments fo r operation. In ge n era l, the w ork of a maintenance m echanic re q u ires
rounded train in g and ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent
train ing and ex p erien c e.
Excluded fro m this cla ssifica tio n a re w o rk ers whose p rim a ry duties
in volve setting up or adjusting m achines.
M IL L W R IG H T
In stalls new machines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and in stalls machines o r heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re requ ired . W ork in volves m ost of the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out o f the w ork; in terp retin g blueprints or other sp ecifica tion s; using a v a rie ty
o f handtools and rig gin g; making standard shop computations relatin g to s tre s s e s , strength of
m a te ria ls , and cen ters o f g ra v ity ; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard too ls,
equipment, and parts to be used; and in stallin g and m aintaining in good o rd e r power tran sm ission
equipment such as d riv e s and speed red u cers. In ge n era l, the m illw rig h t's w ork n orm a lly requ ires
a rounded train ing and ex p erien ce in the trade acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent train ing and ex p erien c e.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
Paints and re d eco ra tes w a lls , w oodw ork, and fix tu res o f an establishm ent. Work in volves
the fo llo w in g : Know ledge o f su rface p e c u lia ritie s and types of paint requ ired fo r differen t a p p lica ­
tions; preparin g su rface fo r painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or f ille r in nail

26
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and in te rs tic e s ; and applying paint with spray gun o r brush. May m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
lead, and other paint in gredien ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r consistency. In ge n era l, the w ork o f the
m aintenance painter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and ex p erien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent tra in in g and e x p erien c e.

up and operatin g a ll a va ila b le types o f sh eet-m eta l w orkin g m achines; using a v a rie ty o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and assem blin g; and in stallin g sh eet-m eta l a rtic le s
as requ ired .
In ge n era l, the w ork o f the maintenance sh eet-m eta l w o rk er requ ires rounded
train in g and ex p erien ce usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l a pprenticeship o r equ ivalent train ing
and ex p erien ce.

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In stalls o r re p a irs w a ter, steam , gas, o r other types o f pipe and p ipefittin gs in an
establishm ent. W ork in volv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Layin g out o f w ork and m easuring to locate
position of pipe fro m draw ings o r oth er w ritten sp ecifica tion s; cutting variou s sizes of pipe to
c o rr e c t lengths with ch isel and h am m er o r oxyacetylen e torch o r pipe-cu ttin g m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by h an d-driven o r p o w e r-d riv e n m achines; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fasten ing pipe to h angers; m aking standard shop computations re la tin g to
p re s s u re s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe requ ired ; and m aking standard tests to d eterm in e whether fin ­
ished pipes m e et sp e cifica tio n s. In ge n era l, the w ork o f the m aintenance p ip e fitte r re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
tra in in g and ex p erien c e. W ork ers p r im a r ily engaged in in stallin g and re p a irin g building sanitation
o r heating system s a re ex clu ded.
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER, M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b rica tes, in s ta lls , and m aintains in good re p a ir the sh eet-m eta l equipment and fixtu res
(such as machine guards, g re a s e pans, sh elves, lo c k e r s , tanks, ven tila to rs , chutes, ducts, m eta l
ro o fin g) o f an establish m ent. W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll
typ es-of sh eet-m eta l m aintenance w ork fro m blu eprints, m o d els, o r other sp ecifica tion s; setting

T O O L AND DIE M A K E R
(D ie m a k er; jig m a ker; tool m a k er; fix tu re m a k er; gage m a k e r)
Constructs and re p a irs m ach in e-sh op to o ls , gages, jig s ,’ fix tu res o r dies fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and oth er m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork in volves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and
layin g out of w ork from m o d els, blu eprints, draw in gs, o r other o ra l and w ritten specifica tion s;
using a v a rie ty o f too l and die m a k e r's handtools and p recisio n m easu ring instrum ents; u nder­
standing o f the w orking p ro p e rtie s o f com m on m etals and a lloy s; setting up and operatin g o f
machine too ls and re la ted equipment; m aking n ecess a ry shop computations relatin g to dim ensions
o f w ork, speeds, feeds, and toolin g o f m achines; h ea t-trea tin g o f m eta l parts during fa b rica tion
as w ell as o f finished too ls and dies to ach ieve re qu ired q u alities; w orking to clo se to le ra n c es;
fittin g and assem blin g o f parts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c es and a llow an ces; and selectin g a ppropriate
m a te r ia ls , to o ls, and p r o c e s s e s . In gen era l, the too l and die m a k e r's w ork requ ires a rounded
train in g in m ach in e-sh op and too lro o m p r a c tic e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
o r equ ivalent tra in in g and ex p erien ce.
F o r cro s s -in d u s try wage study purposes,
shops a re excluded fro m this c la ssifica tio n .

tool and die m a k ers in too l

and die jobbing

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
P A C K E R , S H IPPIN G — Continued

GUARD A N D W A T C H M A N
Guard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e duties, e ith er at fix ed post o r on tou r, m aintaining o rd e r,
using a rm s o r fo r c e w here n e cess a ry . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on id en tity o f em p loy ees and oth er persons en terin g.

and s iz e o f contain er: in sertin g en closu res in container; using e x c e ls io r o r other m a te r ia l to
p reven t breakage o r dam age; clo sin g and sealin g contain er; and applying la b els o r en terin g
iden tifyin g data on contain er.
P a ck e rs who also m ake wooden boxes o r c ra te s a re ex clu ded.

W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p re m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p ro p e rty against fir e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
(S w eeper; charwom an; ja n itr e s s )
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orkin g a rea s and w ashroom s, o r
p re m is e s o f an o ffic e , apartm ent house, o r c o m m e rc ia l o r oth er establishm ent. Duties in volve
a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Sweeping, mopping o r scrubbing, and polish ing flo o r s ; rem o vin g
chips, tra sh , and oth er re fu se; dusting equipment, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu res; polish ing m eta l fi x ­
tu res o r trim m in g s ; p rovid in g supplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and cleaning la v a to r ie s ,
sh ow ers, and re s tro o m s . W ork ers who s p e c ia lize in window washing a re exclu ded.

P r e p a re s m erch a n dise fo r shipment, o r re c e iv e s and is re sp o n sib le fo r incom ing ship­
m ents o f m erch a n dise o r oth er m a te r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o ­
ced u res, p r a c tic e s , rou tes, a va ila b le m eans o f tran sportation , and ra tes; and prep a rin g re c o rd s
o f the goods shipped, m aking up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping ch a rges, and keeping
a file o f shipping re c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p rep a rin g the m erch an dise fo r shipment.
R e c eivin g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ire c tin g oth ers in v e r ify in g the c o rre c tn e s s of shipments
against b ills o f lading, in v o ic e s , o r other re c o r d s ; checking fo r sh ortages and re jectin g dam ­
aged goods; routing m erch an dise o r m a te r ia ls to p rop e r departm ents; and m aintaining n ecess a ry
re co rd s and file s .
F o r w age study pu rp oses, w o rk ers a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:
R ec eivin g c le r k
Shipping c le rk
Shipping and re c e iv in g clerk

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
(L o a d e r and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehousem an o r warehouse h elp er)

sh elver;

tru ck e r;

stockman o r stock h elp er;

A w o rk er em ployed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re, o r oth er establishm ent
whose duties in vo lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Loading and unloading variou s m a te r ia ls and
m erch andise on o r fro m freig h t c a rs , trucks, o r other tran sporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
o r placin g m a te r ia ls o r m erch an dise in p rop e r stora ge location; and tran sportin g m a te ria ls o r
m erch andise by handtruck, ca r, o r w h eelb a rrow . L ongshorem en , who load and unload ships a re
exclu ded.
ORDER F IL L E R
(O rd er p ick er; stock s e le c to r ; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping o r tra n s fe r o rd e rs fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m stored m erch andise in a c c o rd ­
ance with sp ecifica tion s on sales slip s, c u sto m ers' o r d e r s , o r oth er instru ctions. M ay, in addition
to fillin g o rd e r s and in dicating item s fille d o r om itted, keep re cord s o f outgoing o rd e r s , re q u i­
sition additional stock o r re p o rt short supplies to s u p erviso r, and p e rfo rm oth er re la ted duties.

T R U C K D R IV E R
D riv es a tru ck w ithin a city o r in du strial a rea to tra n sp o rt m a te r ia ls , m erch andise,
equipment, o r m en betw een va rio u s types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freig h t
depots, w areh ou ses, w h o lesa le and re ta il establish m ents, o r betw een re ta il establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses o r pla ces o f business. M ay also load o r unload tru ck with o r without h elp ers,
m ake m in o r m echan ical re p a irs , and keep tru ck in good w orkin g o rd e r .
D riv e r-s a le s m e n and
o v e r-th e -ro a d d r iv e r s a re exclu ded.
fo llow s:

F o r wage study pu rposes, tru c k d riv e rs a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equipment, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be rated on the basis o f t r a ile r ca pacity.)
T ru c k d riv e r
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T ru c k d riv e r,
T ru c k d riv e r,

(com bin ation o f sizes lis te d sep a ra te ly)
ligh t (under l*/2 tons)
m edium (lV z to and including 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, t r a ile r type)
heavy (o v e r 4 tons, oth er than t r a ile r type)

T R U C K E R , PO W ER
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a re s fin ish ed products fo r shipment o r sto ra ge by placing them in shipping con­
ta in ers, the s p e cific operations p e r fo rm e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number
o f units to be packed, the type o f contain er em ployed, and method o f shipment. W ork re q u ires
the placin g o f item s in shipping contain ers and m ay in volv e one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g :
Know ledge o f variou s item s o f stock in o rd e r to v e r ify content; selection o f appropriate type




O perates a m anually co n trolled gasolin e- o r e le c tric -p o w e re d tru ck o r tra c to r to tra n sport
goods and m a te ria ls o f a ll kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, o r other establishm ent.
F o r w age study pu rposes, w o rk ers a re c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck,
T ru c k er,
T ru c k e r,

as fo llow s:

pow er (fo r k lift)
pow er (oth er than fo rk lift)

☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1972 — 745 - 104/74

A rea

W age

Surveys

A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irecto ry of arda wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at
the request of the Employment Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Prin tin g O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on
the inside front cover.

A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1
---------------------------------------- 1685-87,
Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N .Y ., M ar. 1971 1---------- 1685-54,
Albuquerque, N. M e x ., Mar. 1971-------------------------- 1685-58,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1971— 1685-75,
Atlanta, G a „ May 1971----------------------------------------- 1685-69,
B altim ore, M d., Aug. 1971----------------------------------- 1725-16,
Beaum ont-Port Arthur-O range, T ex ., May 1971 1--- 1685-68,
Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1971 1------------------------------- 1725-6,
Birm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1971 1 ----------------------------- 1685-63,
B oise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971--------------------------------- 1725-27,
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1971-------------------------------------- 1725-11,
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1971---------------------------------------- 1725-34,
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1971------------------------------------ 1725-25,
Canton, Ohio, May 1971---------------------------------------- 1685-71,
Charleston, W. V a ., M ar. 1971------------------------------ 1685-57,
C harlotte, N.C., Jan. 1972 1---------------------------------- 1725-48,
Chattanooga, Ten n .-G a., Sept. 1971------------------------ 1725-14,
Chicago, 111., June 1971 1 ------------------------------------- 1685-90,
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1971 1------------------- 1685-53,
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971---------------------------------- 1725-17,
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971----------------------------------- 1725-19,
D allas, T ex., Oct. 1971----------------------------------------- 1725-26,
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111.,
Feb. 1971----------------------------------------------------------- 1685-51,
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1971 1-------------------------------------- 1725-36,
D enver, Colo., Dec. 1971 1------------------------------------ 1725-44,
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1971--------------------------------- 1685-70,
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1971 1----------------------------------- 1685-77,
F o rt Worth, T ex ., Oct. 1971--------------------------------- 1725-21,
Green Bay, W is ., July 1971---------------------------------- 1725-3,
G reen ville, S.C., May 1971 1--------------------------------- 1685-78,
Houston, T ex., Apr. 1971 1 ----------------------------------- 1685-67,
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971--------------------------------- 1725-23,
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972_____________________________ 1725-38,
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1971-------------------------------- 1725-39,
Kansas City, M o.-K ans., Sept. 1971----------------------- 1725-18,
Law rence— averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1971---------- 1685-83,
H
N
L ittle Rock-North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1971------- 1725-4,
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n aGarden G rove, C alif., M ar. 1971 1 ----------------------- 1685-66,
L o u isville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1 --------------------------- 1725-29,
Lubbock, T ex ., Mar. 1971------------------------------------ 1685-60,
M anchester, N.H., July 1971--------------------------------- 1725-2,
Memphis, T en n .-A rk ., Nov. 1971 1------------------------- 1725-40,
M iam i, F la ., Nov. 1971----------------------------------------- 1725-28,
Midland and Odessa, T ex., Jan. 1972 1------------------- 1725-37,
Milwaukee, W is., May 1971---------------------------------- 1685-76,
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1---------------- 1725-45,

 Data on establishment practices


40
35
30
30
40
35
35
35
40
30
40
45
25
30
30
35
30
70
45
40
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

30
35
35
30
50
30
30
35
50
30
30
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

50
35
30
30
35
30
30
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A rea
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1971____
Newark and J e rs e y City, N.J., Jan. 1971____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 _______________________
New Orleans, L a., Jan. 1972_________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1971___________________________
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., Jan. 1972----------------------------------Oklahoma City, O kla., July 1971 1___________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1 -------------------------Paterson —
Clifton— a ssa ic, N.J., June 1971_________
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1970___________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1971____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1972____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1________________________
Portland, O reg.— ash., May 1971___________________
W
P rovidence— awtucket— arwick, R. I.—
P
W
Mas s .,
M ay 1971 1 ___________________________________________
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1971_____________________________
Richmond, V a ., Mar. 1971----------------------------------Rochester, ^N.Y. (o ffice occupations only),
Rockford, 111., May 1971_____________________________
St. Louis, M o.—
111., M ar. 1971 1______________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, Nov. 1971---------------------------San Antonio, T ex ., May 1971 1_______________________
San Bernardino— iv e r side—
R
Ontario, C alif.,
Dec. 1971____________________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1971 1 -----------------------------San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1971 1_________
San Jose, C a lif., Aug. 1971 1-------------------------------Savannah, G a., May 1971____ ________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1971_____________________________
Seattle— verett, Wash., Jan. 1971 1----------------------E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec. 1971______________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1971__________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1971___________________________
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1971 1 --------------------------------Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg, F la ., Nov. 1971 1-------------Toledo, Ohio— ich., A pr. 1971 1_____________________
M
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1971_____________________________
Utica—
Rom e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 _______________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., Apr. 1971-----------------V
W aterbury, Conn., Mar. 1971________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971_________ —
________________
W ichita, K an s., A pr. 1971----------------------------------W orcester, M ass., May 1971________________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1971_________________________________
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1970------------------W

Bulletin number
and p rice
1685-82,
1.685-47,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

30
40
35
30
65

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30
35
35
35
50
30
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,

40 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1725-24,
1685-81,

35
30
50
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-15,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1685-52,
1725-30,
1685-61,
1685-88,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1685-74,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1685-50,
1685-24,

30
35
50
35
30
30
35
25
30
30
35
35
40
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

FIRST CLASS M AIL

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PR IV A TE USE, $300





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102