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Dayton & Montgom ery Co.

Wbfe Library
JU L3 1 1 9 7 2
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S e a t t l e —E v e re tt, W a s h i n g t o n ,
M e tro p o lita n Area, J a n u a ry 1972

B u l le t in 1 7 2 5 - 4 7
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

/ Bureau of L a b o r S tatistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Region II

1515 Broadway, Suite 34 00
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region V
Region VI
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 3 5 3 -1880 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 4 7
May 1972

V

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
B U R EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e S e a t t le —E v e re tt, W a s h in g to n , M e tr o p o lita n A r e a , J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2
CONTENTS
Page

1.
4.

Introduction
W age trends fo r selected occupational groups
T a b le s :

3.
5.

1. E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs w ithin scope of su rvey and num ber studied
2. Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings fo r sele c te d occupational
grou ps, and p ercen ts o f in c re a s e fo r selected period s
A.

6.
9-

10.
11.
12

.

15.

Occupational earn in gs:
A - l . O ffic e occupations— en and wom en
m
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations— en and wom en
m
A - 3 . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occu pation s-m en and w om en com bined
A -4. M aintenance and pow er plant occupations
A -5 . C ustodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occupations

Appendix.




Occupational d escrip tio n s

For sale by th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D ocum ents, U .S . G o vern m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 — Price 3 0 cents

Preface
The Bureau of L a b o r S tatistics p ro g ra m of annual occu pa­
tion al w age su rveys in m etro p o lita n a re a s is design ed to p ro vid e data
on occupational earn in gs, and establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem en­
ta ry w age p ro v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d eta iled data by selected industry
d ivisio n fo r each of the a rea s studied, fo r geograp h ic re g io n s , and
fo r the United States. A m a jo r con sid era tion in the p ro g ra m is the
need fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ovem en t of w ages by occu pa­
tion al c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru ctu re and le v e l of
w ages among a re a s and industry d ivisio n s.
A t the end of each su rvey, an in dividu al a re a b u lletin p r e ­
sents the re s u lts . A fte r com p letion of a ll individual a rea bulletins
fo r a round of s u rvey s, two sum m ary bu lletins a re issu ed . The fir s t
b rin gs data fo r each of the m etro p o lita n a rea s studied into one bulletin.
The second p resen ts in form a tion which has been p ro je c te d fr o m in d i­
vidu al m etro p o lita n a rea data to r e la te to geograp h ic reg io n s and the
United States.
N inety a rea s c u rre n tly a re included in the p ro g ra m . In each
a re a , in form a tion on occupational earnings is c o lle c te d annually and on
establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro visio n s b ien n ially.
T h is b u lletin p resen ts resu lts of the survey in Seattle— v e re tt,
E
W ash., in January 1972. The Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a ,
as defined by the O ffic e of M anagem ent and Budget (fo r m e r ly the
Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, con sists of King and
Snohomish Counties.
T h is study was conducted by the B ureau's
re g io n a l o ffic e in San F ra n c is c o , C a lif., under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n
of Adolph O. B e r g e r , A s s is ta n t R eg io n a l D ire c to r fo r O peration s.




N ote:
S im ila r re p o rts a re ava ila b le fo r other a re a s .
back c o v e r .)

(See in side

Union w age ra te s , in d ica tive of p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls in the
Seattle— v e r e tt a re a , a re a lso a v a ila b le fo r building construction;
E
prin tin g; lo c a l-tr a n s it operatin g e m p lo y ees; lo c a l tru c k d riv e rs
and h e lp e rs ; and g r o c e r y sto re em p lo y ees.

In tro d u c tio n
the A - s e r ie s ta b les, because e ith e r ( l ) em ploym ent in the occupation is
too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it presen tation , o r (2) th ere is
p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in d ividu al establishm ent data. E arnings
data not shown se p a ra te ly fo r indu stry d ivision s a re included in the
o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a su b cla ssifica tio n o f s e c r e ta r ie s o r tru ckd r iv e r s is not shown o r in form a tion to su b cla ssify is not a va ila b le.

Th is a re a is 1 o f 90 in which the U.S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r's
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and rela ted ben efits on an a rea w id e b a s is .1
Th is bu lletin p resen ts cu rren t occupational em ploym ent and
earnings in form ation obtained la r g e ly by m a il fro m the establishm ents
v is ite d by Bureau fie ld econ om ists in the la st previou s su rvey fo r
occupations rep o rted in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is its w e re made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents rep ortin g unusual changes
since the p reviou s su rvey.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., those h ire d to w o rk a reg u la r w e e k ly schedule.
E arn in gs data exclude p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on
w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses a re e x ­
cluded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g allow an ces and incentive earnings a re in ­
cluded.
W h ere w e e k ly hours a re rep o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l
occupations, r e fe re n c e is to the standard w orkw eek (rounded to the
n ea rest h a lf hour) fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r stra igh ttim e s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r and/or p r e ­
m ium ra te s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the n ea res t h alf d o lla r.

In each a re a , data a re obtained fro m re p re s e n ta tiv e esta b ­
lish m en ts within six broad indu stry d ivis io n s : M anufacturing; tra n s ­
p ortation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s ; w h olesa le trad e;
r e ta il trad e; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies a re govern m en t o p e ra ­
tions and the con stru ction and e x tra c tiv e in du stries. E stablishm ents
having fe w e r than a p re s c rib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs are om itted because
they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w a rra n t inclusion. Separate tabulations a re p ro vid ed fo r each of
the b road industry d ivision s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

T h ese su rveys m easu re the le v e l of occupational earnings in
an a re a at a p a rtic u la r tim e. C om p arison s o f individual occupational
a v e ra g e s o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t expected w age changes.
The
a v e ra g e s fo r in dividu al job s a re a ffe c te d by changes in w ages and
em ploym ent patterns. F o r exam p le, prop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed
by h igh- or lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay change o r high -w age w o rk e rs m ay

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b asis because of
the unn ecessary cost in vo lved in su rveyin g a ll establishm ents.
To
obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n of
la r g e than o f s m a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w ever, a ll establishm ents a re given th e ir ap p rop riate w eight. E s ­
tim a tes based on the establishm ents studied a re p resen ted , th e re fo re ,
as rela tin g to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and a rea ,
excep t fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.

advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.

Such shifts in em ploym ent could d e c re a s e an occupational a v e ra g e even
though m ost establishm ents in an a re a in c re a s e w ages during the year.
Tren ds in earnings o f occupational grou ps, shown in table 2, are b etter
in d ica tors of w age trends than individual jobs within the groups.

O ccupations and E arnings
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g typ es: (1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplan t; and (4) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent. Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d escrip tio n s designed to take account o f in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e job.
The occupations s elected fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in the appendix. U nless o th erw ise in dicated,
the earnings data fo llo w in g the job title s a re fo r a ll in du stries co m ­
bined. E arn in gs data fo r som e o f the occupations lis te d and d escrib ed ,
o r fo r som e industry d ivision s w ithin occupations, a re not p resen ted in
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (N ew York portion only) Rochester (office occupa­
tions only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in
65 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U .S . Department of Labor.




1

The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
In du stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job
staffin g and, thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job.
The pay relation sh ip obtainable fro m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u ra te ly the w age spread or d iffe r e n tia l m aintained among jobs in
in dividu al establish m en ts. S im ila r ly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls
fo r m en and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be
assum ed to r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay trea tm en t o f the sexes w ithin
in dividu al establish m en ts. O th er p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay con ­
tribu te to d iffe re n c e s in pay fo r m en and w om en include: D iffe re n c e s
in p ro g re s s io n w ithin estab lish ed rate ra n ges, since only the actual
rates paid incum bents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties
p e rfo rm e d , although the w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d a p p ro p ria tely within
the sam e su rvey jo b d escrip tion . Job d escrip tion s used in c la s s ify in g

2
em p loyees in these su rveys a re usually m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those
used in in dividu al establish m en ts and a llow fo r m in o r d iffe re n c e s
among estab lish m en ts in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .
O ccupational em ploym en t estim a tes re p re s e n t the total in a ll
establish m en ts w ithin the scope o f the study and not the number actu­
a lly su rveyed. B ecau se o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among
estab lish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent obtained from
the sam ple of establish m en ts studied s e r v e only to indicate the re la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a ccu ra cy o f the earnings data.




E stablish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s

Tabulations on sele c te d establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supple­
m en tary w age p ro v is io n s (B - s e r ie s tab les) a re not p resen ted in this
bulletin.
In form ation fo r these tabulations is c o lle c te d bien n ially.
T h ese tabulations on m inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r in exp erien ced
w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d iffe r e n tia ls ; scheduled w eek ly hours;
paid h olid a ys; paid vacation s; and health, insu rance, and pension
plans a re p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tab les) in p reviou s bulletins
fo r this area.

3

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w ork e rs within scope of survey and num ber studied in S e a ttle —Everett, W a s h .,1

by m a jo r industry division,2 J a n u a ry 1 9 7 2
M inim um
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ments in scope
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s ------------------------------------------M anufactu ring_____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing_________________________________
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and
oth er public u t ilitie s 5 ----------------------------W h olesa le tra d e 6 -------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e----------------------------------------------F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te 6 ------S e r v i c e s 6 7______ ______ — ------ ------------

N u m ber o f establish m ents

W o rk e rs in establish m en ts
W ithin scope o f stu dy4

W ithin scope
o f stu d y3

_

Studied

Studied
N u m ber

P ercen t

878

179

200,700

100

125,417

50
-

260
618

60
119

86,919
113,781

43
57

63, 190
62, 227

50
50
50
50
50

80
113
203
103
119

26
16
32
18
27

26,991
14, 871
38,464
20,391
13, 064

14
7
19
10
7

20,716
3, 630
23, 237
9, 710
4, 934

1 The S eattle— v e r e t t Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem ent and Budget ( fo r m e r ly the Bureau o f the
E
Budget) through January 1968, co n s ists o f K in g and Snohomish C ou nties. The " w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f study" estim a te s shown in this table p rovid e
a re a s on a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and co m position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rv e y . Th e e s tim a tes a re not intended, h o w eve r,
to s e r v e as a b a sis o f co m p a rison w ith oth er em ploym en t in dexes fo r the a re a to m e a s u re em p loym en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age
su rv eys re q u ir e s the use o f esta b lish m en t data co m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advan ce o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2) s m a ll establish m ents a re
exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rv ey.
2 The 1967 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m en ts by in d u stry d ivis io n .
3 Inclu des a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith tota l em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l outlets (w ith in the a re a ) o f com pan ies in such
in d u stries as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th e a ters a r e c o n s id ere d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith tota l em p loym en t (w ith in the a re a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b les. T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu ded.
S ea ttle's
e le c t r ic u t ilitie s and lo c a l- tr a n s it fa c ilit ie s a r e m u n icip a lly o p era ted and a r e exclu ded by d efin itio n fr o m the scope o f the study.
6 Th is in d u stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in e s tim a tes fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "non m an u factu rin g" in the S e rie s A ta b les. Separate presen tation
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s: (1) E m p loy m en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro vid e enough data
to m e r it sep ara te study, (2) the sam p le was not design ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep ara te p resen tatio n , (3) resp o n se was in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to
p e r m it sep ara te p resen tatio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ividu a l esta b lish m en t data.
7 H o tels and m o te ls ; lau n dries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and park ing; m o tion p ic tu re s ; n on profit
m e m b ersh ip o rga n iza tio n s (ex clu d in g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




A lm o s t o n e-h a lf o f the w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f the s u rv e y in the S ea ttle— v e r e t t
E
a re a w e re em p loy ed in m an u facturing fir m s .
The fo llo w in g p resen ts the m a jo r in du stry
grou ps and s p e c ific in d u stries as a p ercen t o f a ll m an u facturing:
In du stry grou ps

S p e c ific in d u stries

T ra n sp o rta tio n eq u ip m en t------- 58
F ood and kindred p ro d u c ts ------ 8
L u m b e r and wood produ cts------ 7
M a ch in e ry, ex cep t e le c t r ic a l—
5

A ir c r a ft and p a r t s ________________48
Ship and boatbuilding
and re p a irin g ___________________ 7
M illw o r k , plyw ood and
re la te d produ cts_______________
3
S aw m ills and planing
m i l l s _____________________________ 3

Th is in form a tion is based on e s tim a tes o f to ta l em ploym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv erse
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu al s u rv ey.
P r o p o rtio n s in va rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y
d iffe r fr o m p rop o rtio n s based on the re su lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in table 1 a bove.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and percen tages o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u strial n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings o f s e le c te d p lan tw ork er groups. The indexes
are a m easu re o f w ages at a given tim e , ex p re s s e d as a p ercen t of
w ages during the base p e rio d . Subtracting 100 fro m the index y ield s
the p ercen ta ge change in w ages fro m the base p erio d to the date of
the index.
The p ercen ta ges of change or in c re a s e re la te to wage
changes betw een the in dicated dates. Annual rates of in c re a s e , w h ere
shown, r e fle c t the amount o f in c re a s e fo r 12 months when the tim e
p e rio d betw een su rveys was oth er than 12 m onths. T h ese computations
w e re based on the assum ption that w ages in crea sed at a constant rate
betw een su rveys. T h ese estim a tes a re m ea su res o f change in a v e r ­
ages fo r the a re a ; they a re not intended to m easu re a v e ra g e pay
changes in the establish m en ts in the area.

shows the p ercen ta ge change. The index is the product o f m u ltiplyin g
the base y e a r r e la tiv e (100) by the re la tiv e fo r the next succeeding
y e a r and continuing to m u ltip ly (compound) each y e a r 's re la tiv e by the
p reviou s y e a r 's index.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rses, the w age
trends re la te to re g u la r w e e k ly s a la rie s fo r the n orm al w orkw eek,
e x clu sive o f earnings fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r p la n tw ork er groups, they
m easu re changes in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs, excluding
p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h olid ays, and
late shifts. The p ercen ta ges a re based on data fo r sele c te d key occu ­
pations and include m ost of the n u m e ric a lly im portant jobs within
each group.
L im ita tio n s o f Data

Method of Computing
The indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change, as m easu res of
change in a rea a v e ra g e s , a re influenced by;
(1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and
w age changes, (2) m e r it o r other in c re a s e s in pay re c e iv e d by in d i­
vidual w o rk e rs w h ile in the sam e job, and (3) changes in a v e ra g e
w ages due to changes in the la b or fo r c e resu ltin g fro m lab or tu rn­
o v e r, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the la b o r fo r c e can cause in c re a s e s o r d ec re a s e s in the
occupational a v e ra g e s without actual w age changes. It is con ceivab le
that even though a ll establishm ents in an a re a gave w age in c re a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w ages m ay have d eclin ed because lo w e r-p a y in g establishm ents
en tered the a re a o r expanded th e ir w o rk fo r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m ay have rem ain ed r e la tiv e ly constant, yet the a v e ra g e s fo r an area
m ay have ris e n co n sid era b ly because h igh er-p a yin g establishm ents
en tered the area.

Each o f the fo llo w in g k ey occupations within an occupational
group was assign ed a constant w eigh t based on its p rop ortion ate e m ­
ploym ent in the occupational group;
O ffic e clerica l (m en and women): Office clerical ( m e n and w o m e n ) — Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookke eping-m achine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Clerks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (au tom otive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file , classes
Painters
A , B, and C
A and B
Pipefitters
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Clerks, order
To ol and die makers
class B
Clerks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Com ptom eter operators
Unskilled plant (m en):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (m en and wom en):
A and B
Laborers, m aterial handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
O ffic e boys and girls

The use o f constant em ploym ent w eigh ts elim in a tes the e ffe c t
o f changes in the p ro p o rtio n o f w o rk e rs rep re s e n te d in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen ta ges o f change r e fle c t only changes
in a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a re not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, or b y prem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e . W h ere n e c e s s a ry , data w e re adjusted to rem o ve fro m
the indexes and p ercen ta ges of change any sign ifica n t e ffe c t caused
by changes in the scope o f the su rvey.

The a v e ra g e (m ean) earnings fo r each occupation w e re m u lti­
p lie d by the occu pational w eigh t, and the products fo r a ll occupations
in the group w e re totaled.
The a g g re g a te s fo r 2 con secu tive yea rs
w e r e re la te d by divid in g the a g g re g a te fo r the la te r y e a r by the a g g r e ­
gate fo r the e a r lie r y e a r.
The resultant r e la tiv e , le s s 100 p ercen t,




4

T ab le 2.

Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in

S e a ttle —Everett, W a s h ., J anu ary 1971 and Jan u a ry 1 9 7 2 , and p ercents o f c h a n g e 1 fo r se lec te d periods
A ll in d u stries
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(men and
w om en )

In du strial
nurses
(m en and
w om en )

M anufacturing

S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U nsk illed
plant
w orkers
(m en)

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en )

In du stria l
nurses
(m en and
w om en )

S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U nsk illed
plant
wo rk ers
(m en)

In dexes (N o v e m b e r 1967*100)
January 1971______________________________________
January 1972. ____________________________________

116.6
122.9

116.7
123.5

124.2
134.6

124.9
134.8

117.1
120.8

( 2)
(2)

123.3
132.7

124.9
132.5

P e r c e n ts o f change 1
August 1959 to August I9 6 0 --------------------------August 1960 to August 1961_____________________
August 1961 to August 1962_____________________
August 1962 to S eptem b er 1963:
13-month in c re a s e ____________________________
Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e ______________________

2.6
3.9
3.5

3—1.5
3.6
3.5

2.4
2.7
2.5

4.4
3.5
5.5

3.9
3.3
3.5

3—1.0
3.5
3.9

2.9
2.1
2.3

3.2
3.2
3.5

3.4
3.1

4.3
4.0

4.6
4.2

5.4
5.0

4.0
3.7

4.2
3.9

4.7
4.3

6.0
5.5

S eptem b er 1963 to S eptem b er 1964_____________
S eptem b er 1964 to O ctober 1965:
13-month in c re a s e ____________________________
Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e ______________________

2.3

3.7

3.8

2.9

2.9

4.1

4.0

3.7

3.5
3.2

2.7
2.5

3.6
3.3

4.4
4.1

2.7
2.5

1.7
1.6

4.0
3.7

6.6
6.1

O ctober 1965 to O ctober 1966-----------------------O ctober 1966 to N o vem b er 1967:
13-month in c re a s e ____________________________
Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e ______________________

4.7

3 10.0

5.7

4.6

4.3

3 8.5

5.7

5.5

4.2
3.9

11.4
10.5

4.3
4.0

4.5
4.1

3.2
3.0

11.4
10.5

4.3
4.0

3.4
3.1

N o vem b er 1967 to N o vem b er 1968----------------N o vem b er 1968 to January 1970:
14-month in c re a s e ------------ ---------------------Annual ra te o f in c r e a s e -----------------------------

6.3

5.3

8.4

4.6

8.6

4.9

8.6

6.7

5.3
4.5

5.4
4.6

7.3
6.2

7.2
6.1

5.4
4.6

5.7
4.9

7.1
6.1

8.3
7.1

January 1970 to January 1971___________________
January 1971 to January 1972___________________

3.6
5.4

5.1
5.8

6.8
8.4

11.3
7.9

2.3
3.2

( 2)
( 2)

6.0
7.6

8.1
6.1




A l l changes a r e in c re a s e s u nless o th erw is e in dicated.
Data do not m e e t pu blication c r it e r ia .
Th is change la r g e ly r e fle c t s shifts in em ploym en t betw een high- and lo w -w a g e esta b lish m en ts in addition to w age changes.

6

A.

O c c u p a t i o n a l ea r n in g s

T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an are a ba sis by industry division, Seattle—E verett, W ash ., January 1972)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

t

$
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

70

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean2

80

$
85

*
90

(
95

$
100

$
105

110

S
S
115 120

*

$
125

s
130

t
135

t
140

t
150

*
160

t
170

i
180

t
20
anc

90

95

100

105

no

ns

IZO

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

*

2
2

2
2

16
16

1
“

27
25

5
2

14
13

3
-

14

80

1?5

4
4

75

85

190
-

and
under

Middle range2

Median2

$
75

16

19

19

55

-

12
2

3
3

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

“

2
1

“

18

2

-

1

-

-

_

11
11

2
“

31
5
26
4

34
11
23
2

3

7
6
i
i
-

-

_

3
3
-

~

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

200 ove

HEN
$

$

$

$

79
40*0 157*00

1C1*"0

40.0
40.0

108.50
103.00

104.00
100.30

114
94

oo"?

120.00

110.50 10 1 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
113.^0

H.

40.0

117.j

O

110.00

174
134

111.50
40*0 112.00

109.50
109.50

808

39.0

132.00 1 2 3 . 5 0 134.00 1 1 8 . 5 0 -

88

5
3

4
3

9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 2 . 5 0

5
4

-

5
5

17
14

16
16

4
3

3
1

8

9

WOMEN

BI LLE RS,

MACHINE ( B I L L I N G

n A b n lN t1

13
13

“

7
2

2
2

20
18

14
3

14
13

1
1

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

26

-

4

-

17
17

22
22

5

10
-

8
7

29
24

18
14

34
26

5
4

2
2

5
1

_

_

-

20

22

15

-

-

-

22
-

15
1

28
7
21
1

62
23
39
22

84
5
79
34

138
6
132
33

99
9
90
8

45
9
36
1

181
13
168
“

30
7
23
1

13
13

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLAS'* *
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

K L 1A I L

1H A U L

713
107
1,080
of7
7Q0
341

134.50

39.5

109.50

147.00
150.00

107.50

'0 0

* -n
112*00 111 * 50
109.00 101.50
123.00

jr r

39 5

94^0

“

-

20
-

10

9

5
5

57

1_Q
ro

39.0

87*00

83.50

155
59

am
40 * a 1 Z 4 . ^0

9 6 . 5 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0

9

-

159
15
144
6
110

117
4
113
16
50

129
27
102
46
32

120
26
94
16
24

137
10
127
105
13

96
22
74
23
3

53
15
38
3
24

56
7
49
5
36

33
11
22
3
17

43
1
42
22
8

28
13
15
2
10

18
1
17
3
14

9100

313

1K A U t

118.50
118.50

134*00
40 0 125.00

40.0

K k 1A 1 L

95.008 9 .00-

224
92

1 nr

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




86

-

_

_

_

_

“

“

-

9 4 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0

-

127.50 1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

2

1

1

3

5

12

1

1

10

21

18

10

4

1

-

29
29

54
49

27
27

64
62

12
12

19
18

10
9

11
10

12
9

15
13

4
1

6
2

-

4
4

-

-

80
79

93
91

43
43

39
39

5
5

22
22

9
9

-

5
5

2
2

3
3

1
1

4
4

_

8
8

5
4

6
5

22
14

20
5

11

14
2

13
13

7
3
4
3

17
5
12
4

28
18
10
2

28
22
6

8

22

8

22

7

22

26
26
20

7 9 . 5 0 - 91 .50
7 9 . 5 0 - 91.50

W

-

_

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

1 5 133 50
9
1 00 1 1 7 . 0 0 2
40.0 123.00 120.50 1 1 2 . 0 0 39.5 141.00
1^5*00

40~""o
40.0 125.50

-

57
26
-

150.50
139.50

-

-

5
5

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

1

2
2

110*"0
118.50 1 1 3 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

-

-

*

_
K t 1A i L 1KAUt

-

-

7

-

-

7

19
19

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

.

”

4
3

5
2
3
2

43
5
38
21

39
14
25
1

4
3
3

3
2
1
1

l

7

3

28

17

3

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

10

2

9

10

2

9

10
10

4

2

4

4

-

-

29
5

9
8
3

6

-

27
7

8
1
7
6

i

-

13
13
-

28
23

2
"

i

6
6

1

-

2

7

3

-

-

~

2

7

3

7
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a nd w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea b a sis by industry division, Seattle—
Eve r ett, W a s h ., January 1972)
W e e k l y earnings 1
( standard)

Number of wo rk er s receiving straight-time we ekly earnings of—
t

$
Nu mbe r

Sex, occupation, and industry division
workers

Average
w e e kl y
hours 1
(standard

70
M ea n 2

Median2

Mi dd l e r an g e 2

*
80

t

S
85

90

t

S
95

100

$
105

$
110

S

*
115

120

t

$
125

130

t
135

t
140

t
150

%

t

t
160

170

180

1 -------190

and
under
75

WOMEN -

$
75

200

and
80

85

90

95

1QQ _ L 0 5 _ _

n o

U S

.1 2 0

94

125

130

135

140

150

160

10

170

180

190

200

over

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

402

3 9 .5

$
1 2 4 .0 0

$
1 2 3 .5 0

$
$
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

188

4 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

-

214

3 9 .5

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

-

33

4 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

642

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

59

4 0 .0

1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

41

34

21

1

-

-

-

-

-

13

15

83

49

14

11

-

4

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

6

10

8

2

-

2

-

1
“

13

36

54

75

67

21

52

79

18

11

15

26

152

-

6

1

3

5

13
-

36
-

48
-

74

64

16

15

17

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 4 .5 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

-

1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

-

1
-

72

4 0 .0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

“

*

3 9 .0

1 0 3 .5 0

9 9 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

4

7

6

*

115

5

23

17

2

62

16

32

10

2

1
19

7
45

5
2

10

26

9

9

5

-

8

2

14

-

-

-

-

-

12

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8 9 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

4

7

14

2

20

6

9

5

5

7

1

12

_

-

_

-

1

19

19

51

53

132

77

140

187

4 0 .0

1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

1 4 1 .5 0

1 3 7 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

165

3 9 .5

1 5 6 .5 0

1 5 3 .5 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 7 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1
-

~

-

30

13

41

69

107

266

285

129

91

17

4

5

102

64

99

118

115

157

76

117

73

21

15

35

4

14

4

16

12

15

14

10

18

23

8

8

17

-

1

-

-

_

_

_

2

-

-

59

3 9 .5

1 6 4 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

*

-

-

“

-

-

“

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

410

3 9 .5

1 5 8 .0 0

1 6 3 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

_

_

-

_

-

18

-

_

-

-

-

9
-

-

9

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

-

-

210

3 9 .5

1 5 1 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0

1 3 3 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 9

-

-

54

3 9 .0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 7 0 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 8 7 .0 0

-

-

861

4 0 .0

1 4 T .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

-

_

-

_

_

-

9

420

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

441

3 9 .5

1 4 3 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 5 1 .0 0

1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0

-

1 4 4 .5 0 -1 7 1 .0 0

849

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

_
-

-

439

3 9 .5

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

-

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

-

-

-

4

6

10

5

2

9

5

8

20

42

26

43

85

88

2
2

5

28

62

71

13

3
2

27

-

9

21

3
18

10
7

3

5

5

~

73

152

229

129

49

10

3

10

9

4

26

91

183

60

13

2

2

3

28

29

37

47

61

46

69

36

9

8

-

-

2

-

-

-

5

8

5

4

1

5

8

i

3

-

-

“

1

1

3

3

3

7

12

14

7

7

*

72

34

90

18

18

2

237

82

81

177

66

3

3

1

-

60

16

15

15

1

1

*

*

1

-

12

-

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

68

4 0 .0

1 4 6 .5 0

1 4 8 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

*

-

-

-

545

3 9 .0

1 2 6 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

10

21

43

*

“

-

-

4

17

61

42

69

-

16
-

-

16

14

3

11
50

3
39

5
64

6

6

-

1

-

2

12

24

43

37

2

12

-

3

-

4

43

33

9
63

3
60

2
89

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

84

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .5 0

9 9 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

390

3 9 .5

1 1 3 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

40

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0

9 8 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

123

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

21

2
87

4

8

4

5

6

6

2

102

117

111

34

7

8

43

98

105

87

24

41

4

12

24

10

2
117

9
108

2

53

-

-

-

5
5

25

59

-

34

25

-

2
2

21

7

3
45

8

1

7

7

8

26

9

10

3

11

8

16

37

42

13

19

1
25

9

1

9
9
-

11

21

20

-

7

11

1

9

14

-

4

20

18

-

1

4

1

8

14

27

69

47

54

45

58

24

9

34

4

7

2

7

6

23

62

45

47

-

1

-

11

35

21

7

5

10

1

1

56

14

8

33

-

6

-

2
2

4

1

7

2

5

1

2

1

1

“
3
-

12
12

3

3

3

3

-

3
3

3
3

-

*

2

-

-

"

“

-

6

1

-

2

-

"

“

2

-

1

8
8

17

39

-

1

45

10

2

7

17

5
5

11

25

3

8
27

43
8

9
9

113

84

1 3 8 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

-

-

-

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

-

i i

26

1 1 5 .0 0

474

38

107

1 3 1 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

1

9

7

51

1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

2

62

1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0

9
6

29

3 9 .5

1 1 4 .0 0

17
10

61

4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0

23
10

8

41

38

41

3

3

365

1 1 6 .5 0

31
12

4

31

382

4 0 .0

7
19

5

20

-

4 0 .0

42

4

52

_

127

7
13

-

48

2

2

*

103

3

8
5

17

41

-

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

1

4

2

-

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

3

19

“

1 2 9 .5 0

7

9

1

~

1 2 2 .0 0

7

14

9

-

1 4 7 .0 0

15

7

1

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0

18

1

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0

18

28

-

1 3 0 .0 0

1 5 1 .5 0

6
-

1

1 2 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

11
13

1

1 3 3 .0 0

3 9 .0

3

5
4

-

1 2 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

1

11

5
-

-

3 9 .5

-

1

-

4 0 .0

53

■

2

“

49

74

18

-

747

492

-

“

410

40

9

-

1 5 6 .5 0

19

44

_

3 9 .5

-

38

5

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

164

46

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

42

246

1

1 5 1 .0 0

58

361

18
-

1 5 0 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

443

-

-

1

-

7
222

-

19
-

1 4 9 .5 0




-

-

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0

See footnotes at end of tables.

-

-

1 0 1 .5 0

4 0 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

-

-

1 4 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

8
-

-

14
14

1 0 5 .0 0

3 9 .5

-

-

1 4 5 .5 0

1 ,0 9 2

_

-

3 8 .5

1 ,1 2 0

-

-

1

3 9 .5

97

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

1

-

-

151
-

101

92

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

6

-

8

2

2 ,2 1 2

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

SECRETARIES. CLASS D --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

1
7

5

-

14

21

5
10
-

3

5
-

24

2
9

5

2
2

1 6 8 .5 0

-

25

39

7

3 9 .0

1 6 5 .0 0

-

34

28

3

122

4 0 .0

-

52

i i

6

583

200

-

53

12

-

“
-

4

-

13
-

77

1

7
-

27

-

-

-

*

6

1

6

1

8
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e st r a ig h t- ti m e w ee k l y hours and ea rnings fo r se le ct ed occupations studied on an a re a b asi s by industry divi sio n, Seattle—E v e r e t t , Wash., January 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Nu m be r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv i n g s tr a ig h t- ti m e w e e k ly earnin gs of—
%

Sex, occupation, and industry division

%

70

weekly
Middle range2
(standard)

%

75

%

80

%

85

%

90

%

%

95

100

%

%

105

110

%

%

115

120

%

125

%

130

135

and
under

t

%

140
-

-3 1 ____ 80____ 85____ 90____ 9 5 ___ Lfio___ 105___ 110___ 115___ 122___125

130

135

1
1

17

48

39
3
36

140

$

$

$

$

141
113

39.5 105.00 103.00
39.0 103.00 101.50

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

339
50
289

132.50
39.5 120.50 121.50 1 0 5 .0 0 129.00
40.0 121.50 123.50 1 1 2 .0 0 39.5 1 2 0 .0 0 120.00 104.50-133.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------

590
63
527

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

See

fo o tn o te s




at

end

o f t a b le s .

9 6 .0 0 9 4 .0 0 -

97.50 8 9 .0 0 96.50
96.50 8 9 .5 0 101.50
98.00 8 9 .0 0 118.00 106.00 9 9 .5 0 116.50 110.50 1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0

14
14

114.50
111.50

105.50
101.00
106.50
127.00
138.50

10
10

12

2
10

81
8
73

20

17
2
2
94

21

73
18
14

31
30

14
14

14
5

74
4
70

43
4
39

15
2
13

98
9
89
14
2

5
38
3
23

4
2
2

1
1

27
13
14

11
37
6

39
11
7

1
5

-

-L§0___ 160

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

%

150

12
3
45

l

160
170

%

170
-

180

*

180

%

190

200

-

and

190

200 o ve r

9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s io n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , S ea ttle— v e r e t t , W ash ., January 1972)
E
Weekly earnings 1
(
standard)

S ex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

Number
of
workers

d iv is io n

N u m b er

t
Average
weekly
M ean2

Median ^

Middle range2

standard)

**
»
110
120 130

i
140

150

i

$
150

160

o f w o rk e rs

160

»
170

I
180

170

180

190

r e c e iv in g

i
190

t
200

200

210

s tr a ig h t- tim e

s

w e e k ly

e a r n in g s

o f—

210

$
220

$
230

t
240

i
250

i
1
260
270

$
280

$
1 ----- i --290
300 310

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

-

-

and
-

un der

120

130

140

300

and

310

o ver

HEN

~

-

6

4

8

4

16

23

39.5 156.00 154.50 132.00-185.50
40.0 172.00 179.00 170.00-186.50
39.5 150.50 141.00 129.00-185.00

4
4

43
2
41

40
5
35

14
2
12

13
1
12

14
3
11

20
16
4

62
20
42

2
2

COMP UT ER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

110
88

39.0 235.00 205.00 198.50-240.50
38.5 240.50 204.00 198.00-304.50

6
6

COMP UT ER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

189
173

39.0 198.50 184.00 170.50-222.50
39.0 199.00 183.00 170.00-227.50

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

51
50

38.5 194.00 182.50 162.00-225.00
38.5 194.50 184.00 161.50-226.00

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

111
57

39.5 234.50 222.00 209.50-233.50
39.0 259.50 233.00 223.50-263.50

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 ------------------

*
*

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

O

-

212
51
161

74

O

$
$
$
$
184.50 189.50 171.00-198.50

CO HPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

_

_

2

31
25

23
21

14
6

_

_

“

“

9
9

9
9

5
5

21
21

38
33

33
32

18
13

3
2

5
5

6

3
3

5
5

2
2

12
11

3
3

2
2

2
2

4
4

4

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

18

16
2

_

~

_

_

~

_
-

_
-

_

11

4

4
1

3
3

-

2

5
5

4
4

6
6

13
13

6
6

3
3

2
2

2

2

4
4

“

1
1

“

27

20

1
1

5
5

_

18

1
1

_

18

1
1

1
1

5
2

-

“

“

4
4
_

”
2

*19
19

7

7

_

2
l
1

_

11
**11

85

40.0 202.00 194.50 179.50-222.50

-

-

-

-

-

4

20

13

14

5

6

7

5

4

6

-

-

-

1

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

635
600

40.0 193.00 191.50 182.00-202.50
40.0 192.50 190.00 181.50-201.50

-

-

-

-

-

86
86

187
187

135
131

121
105

38
26

9
7

33
33

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

25
25

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

285
227
58

40.0 168.50 165.50 158.50-178.00
40.0 164.50 164.00 158.00-169.00
40.0 184.50 191.50 174.50-201.00

-

-

_

-

-

-

106
105
1

27
24
3

23
14

*

9

23
6
17

20
4
16

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

155
138

40.0 143.00 142.00 137.00-149.50
40.0 141.50 141.50 137.00-148.00

2
1

7
6

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS --------------

158

40.0 185.50 182.00 162.50-211.00

~

—

20

16

6

16

18

6

-

2

52

174.50 176.00 170.50-178.50

-

*

-

-

-

“

86
74
12

55
53

55
53

24
22

9
2

3
1

1

7

22

32

12

6

6

37

WOMEN
INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

O
o
*
*

NURSES,

*

W o rk ers

w e re

d is t r ib u te d

as

fo llo w s :

2 at

$310

to

$320;

2 at

$320

to

$340;

4 at

* *

W o rk e rs

w e re

d is tr ib u te d

as

fo llo w s :

2 at

$320

to

$340;

1 at

$340

to

$360;

and

See footnotes at end of tables.




$340
8 at

to
$380

$360;
to

and

$400.

11

at

$360

to

$380.

3

10
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea ba sis by industry division, Seattle— v e re tt, W ash., January 1972)
E
Average

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

$
117
97

3 9.5
3 9.5

27

*0 .0

51

17*
13*

o
o

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

1 2 5 .5 0
1 29 .5 0
1 87 .5 0

1 17 .5 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly

203
15*

39.5
39.0

105.50
10 *.0 0

SECRETARIES --------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2,213
1,093
1,120
165
97

39.5
*0.0
39.5
39.5
*0.0

1 *5 .5 0
1* 9.5 0
1* 1.5 0
156.50
1 *9 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

92
59

*0.0
39.5

161.00
16 *.0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

*10
200
210
5*

39.5
*0.0
39.5
39.0

158.00
165.00
151.00
169.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

861
*20
**1
*2
58

*0.0
*0.0
39.5
39.5
*0.0

1* 7.0 0
151.00
1*3.5 0
151.00
156.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

850
**0
*10
*9

39.5
*0.0
39.5
*0.0

136.00
1* 0.5 0
130.50
133.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------- 1
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------- j
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

751
382
369
72

39.5
*0.0
39.5
*0.0

125.00
130.00
120.50
1 *7 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

5*5
53
*92
7*

39.0
*0.0
39.0
*0.0

126.00
129.00
125.50
151.50

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

127
103

*0.0
*0.0

118.00
116.50

3 9.0

1 3 7 .0 0

no
777

*0 .0
3 9.0

1 36 .0 0

129

*0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----RETAIL TRADE -----------

1,093
168
925
287
3*1

39.5

110.00

*0 .0
39.5
39.5

1**.00

1 16 .5 0
1 09 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

*0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

o
o
-a
-

90

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS

ME SSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS )NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

112.00

887

1 23 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----

277
255

39.5
39.5

9 5.50
9 *.5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

316
313

3 9.0
39.0

8 7.00
8 7.00

CLERKS, ORDER -----M A N U FA CT UR IN G N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

278
69
209

*0 .0
*0 .0

1*8.5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

*0 .0

15*.5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

235
95

39.5

13*.0 0

1*7.5 0

C O M P TO ME TE R O P ER AT OR S --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

162
1*6
86

*0 .0

1 25 .0 0

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ------

*02
188

39.5
*0 .0

33

39.5
*0 .0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 29 .5 0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC UT ILITIES -----RETAIL TRADE -----------

6*2

39.5
*0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0

122.00

583

39.5

1 1 7 .0 0

122

3 9.0

1 2 0 .5 0

72

*0 .0

See footnotes at end of tables.




21*

59

*0 .0

122.00

*0 .0

1 25 .5 0

12*.00
1 29 .5 0

12*.00

SW ITCHBOARO OP ERATOR-RECEPTI ONISTSMANUFA CT UR IN G ----------------- «*•».
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------TRANSCR 181NG-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

390
*0
123

39.5
39.5
39.5
*0.0
*0.0

112.00
106.50
113.50
125.50
105.50

1*1
113

39.5
39.0

105.00
103.00

*7*

B*

- CO NTINUED

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------- -

339
50
289

39.5
*0.0
39.5

120.50
121.50
120.00

$
39.5 101.00
*0.0
96.50
39.5 101.50
39.0 118.50
* 0 . 0 116.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

8*

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FACTURING ----------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------

231
55
176

39.5 15 *.5 0
* 0 . 0 168.50
39.5 150.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------

183
59

*0.0
*0.0

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------

121
95

39.0 232.00
39.0 238.00

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------

203
181

39.0 198.00
39.0 198.00

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

70
65

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

113
57

39.0
39.0

182.00

159.50
137.00

183.50
185.00

39.5 2 3* .0 0
39.0 259.50

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------

99

*0.0

200.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

66*
629

*0.0
*0.0

193.00
192.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ------------------------------

307
2*5
62
26

*0.0
*0.0
*0.0
*0.0

168.00
16*.5 0
183.00
172.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C

193
159

------------------------------------

ELECTRONIC TE CHNICIANS
TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

592
63
529
66
95

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

---------------------------

(REGISTERED)

------

52

1* 2.0 0
185.50

o
o

39.0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

o

39.5

61

Weekly
houn 1
(standard)

o

1*0

12*.00
1* 1 . 0 0

*0 .0

Average
Number
of

Occupation and industry division

(standard)

*0 .0
*0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------RETAIL TRADE -----------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------------

Number
of

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

*
o
o

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

o

Number
of
worker*

O

Occupation and industry division

17*.5 0

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a ti o n s

(A v e ra g e straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a ba sis by industry division, Seattle— verett, W ash., January 1972)
E
Hourly earnings3

Median2

Middle range 2

$
3 .5 0

*
3 .6 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

-

-

-

-

*
3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

i
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .3 0

t

S

t

S

4 .1 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

*
5 .6 0

$
5 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6.00

-

-

50
45

19
19

7
7

55

%
3 .7 0

152
152

23
23

36

1
1

7
4

25

3

S

S

S

6.00 6.20

and
under
O
«N

o
0
0

03

Mean 2

t
3 .4 0

o

workers

S
3 .3 0

3 .2 0

Sex, occupation, and industry divisi

1
3 .2 0

•r*

Number of workers receiving straight -time hourly earnings of —

S
3 .1 0

over

MEN
$
4 .9 4
4 .9 2

$
4 .8 5
4 .8 0

$
4 .7 2 4 .7 4 -

$
5 .2 5
5 .1 2

8

2
2

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

130
89

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---MA NUFACTURING ---------------

299

5 .2 7

4 .9 6

4 .9 1 -

5 .1 7

255

5 .0 2

4 .9 5

4 .9 1 -

4 .9 9

235
164

4 .9 5
4 .9 0

4 .8 9
4 .7 8

4 .6 9 4 .5 9 -

5 .2 7
5 .2 8

1
0

32

55
50

71

5 .0 8

5 .1 9

4 .8 5 -

5 .2 7

3

*

5

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

96

4 .0 2

3 .8 8

3 .6 7 -

4 .4 3

_

4 .0 5

3 .8 8

•3.68-

4 .5 3

-

-

8
8

HELPERS, MA INTENANCE TRADES -MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

113

3 .7 5

3 .8 4

3 .4 8 -

3 .8 8

-

93

3 .6 7

3 .8 3

3 .4 3 -

3 .8 7

-

20
20

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------MA NUFACTURING ---------------

98
90

5 .0 9
5 .0 8

4 .9 8
4 .9 8

4 .9 0 4 .9 1 -

5 .2 2
5 .2 1

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

600
182
418

5 .1 8

5 .2 7
5 .1 2
5 .4 1

4 .7 8 -

5 .5 0

5 .0 5
5 .2 4

352

5 .2 4

5 .4 1

4 .7 5 4 .9 8 4 .9 6 -

5 .2 8
5 .5 4
5 .5 5

522

4 .9 4

4 .7 8 -

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------MA NU FACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------MA NUFACTURING ---------------

8
8

-

-

—

-

-

5

-

50
13

2

-

2

9

1
0
1
0

-

-

64

5

-

-

55

-

28

-

-

-

28

-

1
1
1
1

-

9

15
15

-

2
2

-

-

4

_
-

1

-

15

5
4

-

-

7

4

15

-

2

l

-

-

-

1
2

*35

_

_

_

-

-

2

48

14
9

-

-

28

5

-

-

-

2

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

*

76

4
4

6
8

4
4

-

17

-

-

60

96
71

23

31
24

_

15
14

7

30
192

-

27

-

-

54

25
13

119
35
84

222

54

-

78

153

-

27

-

-

228
226

6
6
6
6

47

-

2

1
1
1
1

-

2
1

5 .0 2

30

-

5

30

-

-

-

123
123

1

-

-

17

9

5

-

2
0

i
i

2
0
2
0

30
30

6
6

-

_

18

1
1

-

_

20

_

-

_

16
16

1
1

-

-

_

38
38

1

-

-

510

4 .9 5

4 .7 8 -

5 .0 1

51

5 .0 6

4 .9 8

4 .7 6 -

5 .2 8

1

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

62
54

4 .8 6
4 .8 7

5 .0 5
5 .1 1

4 .6 7 4 .7 2 -

5 .1 8
5 .1 9

1
0
1
0

_

_

-

179
179

5 .3 5
5 .3 5

5 .4 5
5 .4 5

5 .4 1 5 .4 1 -

5 .5 0
5 .5 0

_

_

_

6

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------




1

16

13

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------

* W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:

-

10

4 .9 2
4 .9 2

See footnotes at end of tables,

-

15

5

-

2
2

32

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

13 at $6.60 to $6.80; 1 at $6.80 to $7; 6 at $7 to $7.20; and 15 at $7.60 to $7.80.

13
-

_

8

7

-

5

35

8

-

6
6

16

1

16

-

-

8

1

9

-

-

-

1
0
1
0

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

43

3
3

138
138

2
2

_

12
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a ti o n s

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis by industry division, Seattle—
Everett, W ash., January 1972)

Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

t
*
t
*
$
*
*
*
t
1 ---- *
$
f
t
1
t
$
$
*
$
t
$
70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.20 2.AO 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.AO 3.60 3.80 A.00 A . 20 A.AO A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5.AO 5.60 5.80
Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

nd
der

C
O

m

o

80 1.90 2.00 2.20 2. AO 2.60 2.60 3.00 3.20 3.AO 3.60

A . 00 A . 20 A.AO A . 60 A . 80 5.00 5.20 5.AO 5.60 5.80 6.00

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1.19A
218

$
2.33
3.80

$
1.90
3.8A

$
$
1.85- 3.02
3.80- 3.87

12

GUARDS
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

189

3.83

3.8A

1,309
A03
906
55
212

3.29
3.63
3.13
3.73
3.08

3.33
3.69
3.13
3.75
3.11

2.973.A62.9A3.A82.95-

3.59
3.79
3.36
A.09
3.18

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1,338
319
1,019
370
276

4.44
A . 21
A . 52
5.21
A . 00

A . 22
A . 12
A.92
5.22
A . 02

A . 003.76A . 075.153.66-

5.15
A . 50
5.19
5.28
A.15

-

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

A . 56
3 • 99
4.68

A . 91
A . 22
A . 92

A . 22- A.95
3•99— 4.34
4.25- 4.96

-

---------------------

1,325
232
1» 093

PACKERS, SH IPPING -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

306
53
253

A.2A
3.53
A . 39

A . 26
3.60
A . 29

A . 13- A.5 A
3.A8- 3.66
A . 20- A.55

-

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

25A
21A
70

A . 36
A . 37
A . 30

A. 30
A. 30
A . 27

A . 21- A.39
A . 21- A.39
A . 20- A.35

SHIPPING CL ER KS ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

168
61
107

A.A5
A . 76
A . 28

A . 38
A.A3
A . 37

188

89

9

3

2

7

3.81- 3.88

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

582

32
A

6
*

2A
19

A . 31- A.A7
A . 20- 5.62
A . 31- A.A3

NONMANUFACTURING

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

92

A.AO

A. 35

5.2A
5.26
5.2A
5.A5
A . 75

5.35
5.32
5.36
5.A8
A . 59

5.20A.9A5.255.32A . 51-

226
206

A.OA
3.95

3.97
3.96

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,675
15A
1,521
1,3A5

5.27
A . 97
5.30
5.AA

5.36
5.13
5.39
5.A5

5.23A . 935.265.30-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

1,582
25A
1,328
391

5.3A
5.13
5.38
5.5A

5.36
5.30
5.36
5.52

5.31- 5.A2
A . 75- 5.38
5.32- 5.A3
5.

5.63
5.18
5.6A
5.65

5.71

_______
See footnotes at end of tables.




A
A

5
5

3
3

1
1

~

-

23

1A7

3

5

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

152
91
61
12
13

190
170
20
12

A3
9
3A
21
13

32
26
6
3
3

1

-

1

-

_

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

4

5A
51
3
2
1

1

”

1

“

“

“

-

90

_
-

-

A2
3A
8

17A
62
112

29
16
13

A3
A2
1
1

18A
2A
160

158
20
13 8
138
*

19A
20
17A
15A
20

67
67
61
6

2
2
-

-

13

2A
18
6
3

-

112

331
81
250
17
113

3
3

3
3

15
15

-

1
1

7A
21
53

182
A9
133

308
122
186

9

10

683

1A

5

_

_

-

9

10

683

1A

5

-

-

-

29
25
A

-

59

66

126

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

57

66

126

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

15
15

7

1A
12
12

138
115
A7

2

3
2

A

39
39
1

2

6

2

1
1

_
-

2

-

18
15
3

63
1A
A9

A3
7
36

_
-

5
5
-

-

15
15
-

-

20
1
19
1
8

3
1
2
2
*

55
13
A2
1

306
2
30A
2

-

-

_

-

-

90

-

-

3

286
38
2A8
3

22
1
21
21

-

-

-

1AA
1AA
99

8

“

_

-

-

-

-

12
12
-

3
3
-

3
3
2
2

44

-

-

5
5
5
1

“

~

“

“

~

19
19
19
17

-

6
6

17

-

17

3.83- A.16
3.60- 4.13

5.5A
5.A8
5.58
5.65
5.36

150
150

A
_

A . 06- A . 88

A , 056
920
3,136
1 , 7A5
303

77
32

-

-

~

-

~

-

~

2
2
"

21
21

-

1
1

1
1

3
A

3
1

-

-

21

5

4

31

9

6

12

A

-

81
81

70

-

57
3
5A

2
2

277
55

126
117
9
1

~

-

“

2

20A
119
85
1
“

1
1

1
“

-

-

56
5A
_

_

-

“
-

_

~

-

2
2

21
21

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

81
81

-

-

2

2

-

-

2

68
23
A2

-

52
50

_

18
18
15

“
2
2
-

222

96
18
18

179
29
150

2
-

2

”
32
1A
18

95
89
6

19
18
1
1

19

-

-

-

-

165 1579
97
163
68 1A16
A 6A7
99
11

A9A
156
338
310
28

82A
56
768
759
A

15A
1A8
6
“

“
76
76
-

8A

86

-

21
65
A

8A

2
2

-

17
2

_

_

“

“

_
*

_

631
26
605
605

-

-

-

Ill
111

613
613

-

8A9
82
767
A2

263
36
227
199

155
1A6

111

613

155
-

“
18
12
6

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n t i n u e d

(Av e r a g e straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an ar e a basis b y industry division, Seattle— Everett, Wash., J a n u a r y 1972)
Hourly earnings ^

Number of workers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of
*
$
i
I
%
$
$
*
$
%
$
1--- S
t
S
$
S
$
$
t
t
$
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

1

Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

M ean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under
1.80 1.90

2.00 2.20

2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

6.00

MEN - CONTINUED
■'RUCKDRI VERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

$

$

$

$

•
4.9j

5.13

2.85- 3.35
3.32

62

3.92- 4.09
3.92
*.09

2.94

1
2

5.04- 5.17

m m
o o
<

521

* *
o o

TRUCKERS* POWER (OTHER THAN
85

28
28

42
42

2

3

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS --aw

1™

L

See footnotes at end of tables.




565
496

3.08
^ ^

3*03

56

58
h8

-

-

-

-

22
22

3

2

289
288

42
42

121
120

19
19

62

18

1
1

ZT

^1^
396

*4

18

136

14

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e th e ir reg u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e
at re g u la r and/or p rem iu m r a te s ), and the earnings co rresp o n d to these w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each job by totalin g the earnings o f a ll w o rk e rs and d ividin g by the num ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian
design ates p osition — h a lf of the em p loyees su rveyed r e c e iv e m o re than the rate shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown.
The m iddle
range is defined by 2 rates o f pay; a fourth o f the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the lo w e r o f these ra tes and a fourth earn m o re than the h igh er rate.
3 E xclu des p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

The p r im a ry purpose o f p rep a rin g jo b d escrip tio n s fo r the Bu reau's wage su rveys is to a s s is t its fie ld staff in cla s s ify in g into a ppropriate
occupations w ork ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork arran gem en ts fro m establish m ent to establishm ent and
fr o m a rea to a rea . Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational w age ra tes re p resen tin g com parab le jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in terestablish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a ra b ility o f occupational content, the Bu reau's jo b d escrip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m those in use in
individual establish m ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rposes. In applying these jo b d es crip tio n s , the Bu reau's fie ld econ om ists a re instructed
to exclude w orking s u p erviso rs; apprentices; le a rn e r s ; beginn ers; tra in e e s ; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p orary, and probationary w o rk ers.

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G — Continued

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.

P r e p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in voic es on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m atic ty p e w rite r. M ay also keep re co rd s as to b illin gs o r shipping ch a rges o r p e rfo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g o peration s. F o r w age study purposes, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as fo llo w s:

C la ss A . Under gen era l su p ervision , p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the application o f ex p erien c e and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p rocessin g com ­
p lica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, s ele ctin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f
p r e s c r ib e d accounting codes and cla s s ific a tio n s , o r tra cin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ in e sou rce o f d is c rep a n cies. M ay be a ssisted by one o r m o re
cla ss B accounting c le rk s .

B ille r , machine (b illin g m a ch in e). U ses a sp ecia l b illin g m achine (com bination typing
and adding m achine) to p rep a re b ills and in voic es fro m cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e r s , in te r­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in volv es application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch a rges and en try o f n ecess a ry extension s, which m ay o r
m ay not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and tota ls which a re a u tom atically accumulated
by m achine. The operation usually in volv es a la rg e number o f carbon copies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fan fold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m a ch in e). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without
a ty p e w rite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part o f the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion. G en era lly in volves the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u res on cu sto m ers' le d g e r re c o r d . The
machine a u tom atically accum ulates fig u re s on a number o f v e r tic a l columns and computes
and usually prints a u tom atically the debit o r c re d it balances.
Does not in vo lv e a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fro m uniform and standard types o f sales and c re d it slip s.

C lass B . Under clo se su pervision , fo llow in g detailed in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs , ca rd s, o r w orksh eets w here iden tifica tion o f item s and locations o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking a ccu ra cy and com pleteness o f standardized and re p e titiv e re co rd s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p re s c rib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an establish ed filin g system . M ay p erfo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks re qu ired to m aintain file s . Po sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C lass A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te r ia l such as correspon d en ce, re p o rts, tech ­
nical docum ents, e tc ., in an establish ed filin g system containing a number o f va rie d subject
m a tter file s . M ay also file this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re co rd s o f variou s types in conjunction
with the file s .
M ay lead a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le rk s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o rd
o f business tran saction s.

C lass B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo rm re la ted

C lass A . Keeps a set o f re cord s re q u irin g a knowledge o f and ex p erien ce in basic
bookkeeping p rin c ip le s , and fa m ilia r ity with the stru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p rop e r re c o rd s and distribu tion o f debit and cred it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. May p rep a re consolidated re p o rts , balance sheets, and oth er re co rd s
by hand.

C lass C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te ria l that has a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l cla s s ific a tio n system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ron ologica l,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, lo ca tes re a d ily ava ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and forw a rds m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C la ss B. Keeps a re c o rd o f one o r m o re phases o r sections o f a set o f re co rd s usually
re q u irin g lit t le knowledge o f basic bookkeeping. Phases o r sections include accounts payable,
p a y ro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type o f b illin g d e s crib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), cost distribu tion , expense distribu tion , in ven to ry co n trol, etc. M ay check o r a ssist
in preparation o f t r ia l balances and p rep a re control sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to re g is te r s and le d g e rs ;
re con cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the internal con sisten cy, com pleten ess, and m ath em atical
a ccu ra cy o f accounting documents; assigning p r e s c r ib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l accu racy va riou s types o f re p o r ts , lis ts , calcu lation s, posting, etc.;
o r prep a rin g sim ple o r assistin g in prep a rin g m o re co m plicated journal vou chers. M ay w ork
in eith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork re q u ires a know ledge o f c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffic e p ra c tic es and procedu res
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p roce ssin g and re co rd in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form ation .
With ex p erien c e, the w o rk er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedu res used in the assigned w ork, but is not requ ired to have a know ledge o f the fo rm a l
p rin cip les o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

u n classified m a te r ia l by sim ple (su bject m a tter) head­
fin e r subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple related index and
lo ca tes c le a r ly iden tified m a te ria l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks re qu ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C L E R K , O RD ER
R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers' o rd e rs fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch andise by m a il, phone, or perso n a lly.
Duties in vo lv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p ric e s to cu stom ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r ; checking p ric e s and quantities o f item s on o rd e r
sheet; and distribu tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to determ in e c re d it rating o ( cu stom er, acknow ledge re ceip t of o rd e rs from cu stom ers,
fo llo w up o rd e r s to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd ers re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in vo ic es with o rig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, PA Y R O LL
Computes w ages o f company em ployees and en ters the n ecess a ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties in volv e: Calcu lating w o r k e r s ' earnings based on tim e o r production re c o rd s ; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's name, w orking
days, tim e , ra te, deductions fo r insurance, and total w ages due. M ay make out paychecks and
a ssist p aym aster in m aking up and distribu tin g pay en velopes.
M ay use a calcu lating m achine.

The Bureau has discontinued c o llectin g data fo r o ile r s and plu m bers.

15

16
C O M PTO M ETER O PERATO R

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

P r im a r y duty is to o p era te a C om p tom eter to p e r fo rm m ath em atical com putations. This
job is not to be confused with that o f s ta tistica l o r other type o f cle rk , which m ay in volve f r e ­
quent use o f a C om p tom eter but, in which, use o f this m achine is incidental to p erfo rm a n ce o f
oth er duties.

N O T E : The te rm "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " used in the le v e l definitions fo llow in g, r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t co rp o ra te -w id e p olicym aking ro le with re g a rd to m a jo r
company a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t," though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le , does not
in a ll cases id en tify such position s. V ic e presiden ts whose p r im a ry re s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual ca ses o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c re d it actions;
adm in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c tly su p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not con sidered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes o f applying the fo llow in g le v e l d efin itio n s.

KEYPU NC H O PERATO R
O perates a keypunch m achine to re c o r d
tabulating card s o r on tape.

o r v e r ify

alphabetic and/or num eric

data on
C la ss A

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the follow in g d efin ition s.
a ll,
C lass A . W ork re q u ires the application o f ex p erien c e and judgm ent in sele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llo w ed and in searchin g fo r , in te rp retin g , selectin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fro m a v a r ie ty o f sou rce documents. On occa sio n m a y also p e rfo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork. M ay tra in in exp erien ced keypunch o p era to rs.
C lass B . W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under clo se su pervision o r fo llow in g sp e cific
procedu res o r in stru ction s, w orks fro m variou s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and fo llow s s p e cified proced u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and requ ire
little o r no selectin g , coding, o r in te rp retin g o f data to be record ed . R e fe rs to su p erviso r
problem s a ris in g fro m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m is sin g in form ation .

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the board o r p residen t)
o f a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p ers o n s ; o r
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m ed ia tely below the c o rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm ent o r su bsid iary o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p erso n s.

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B
a ll,

M ESSENGER (O ffic e Boy o r G ir l)

1. S e c re ta ry to the chairm an o f the board o r presid en t o f a company that em ploys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p erso n s; o r

1. S e c re ta ry to the chairm an o f the board o r presid en t o f a company that em ploys, in
fe w e r than 100 p erso n s; o r

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the board o r presiden t)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s : o r

P e r fo r m s va rio u s routine duties such as running erra n d s, o peratin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as sea le rs o r m a ile r s , opening and distribu tin g m a il, and other m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude position s that re q u ire operation o f a m o to r veh icle as a significan t duty.

SECRE TARY
A ssig n ed as person a l s e c re ta ry , n o rm a lly to one individual. Maintains a clo se and high ly
re sp o n sive relation sh ip to the d a y-to -d a y w ork o f the s u p erviso r. W orks fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceiv in g a m inim um o f d eta iled su p ervision and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c re ta ria l
duties, usually including m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
a. R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , p erso n a l c a lle r s , and in com ing m a il, answ ers routine in ­
q u irie s , and routes tech nical in qu iries to the p rop e r persons;
b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

and re v is e s the s u p e r v is o r's file s ;

c.

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's calen dar and m akes appointments as instructed;

d.

R ela y s m e ssa g es fro m

3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m ed ia tely below the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
co rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g, re s e a rc h , opera tio n s, in du strial r e la tion s, e tc .) o r a m a jo r geograph ic o r o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a re gio n a l h eadquarters;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
em p lo y e e s ; or
4. S e c re ta ry to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r oth er equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p ers o n s ; or
5. S e c re ta ry to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
m anagem ent s u p erviso r o f an orga n izatio n a l segm ent often in volvin g as many as s e v e ra l
hundred p erso n s) o r a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e rs o n s .
C lass C

s u p erviso r to subordinates;

1. S e c re ta r y to an ex ecu tive o r m a n a geria l person whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equivalent
to one o f the sp e c ific le v e l situations in the defin ition fo r cla ss B, but whose o rgan ization al
unit n o rm a lly num bers at lea st s e v e ra l dozen em p loyees and is usually divided into o rg a n iz a ­
tional segm ents which a re often , in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com pan ies, this le v e l
includes a w ide range o f o rga n izatio n a l echelons; in oth ers, on ly one o r two; m-

e. R ev iew s co rresp o n d en c e, m em orandum s, and re p o rts prep a red by oth ers fo r the
s u p e r v is o r's signature to a ssu re p roced u ra l and typographic a ccu racy;

2. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r other equivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

f.

C lass D

P e r fo r m s stenographic and typing w ork.

M ay also p e r fo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c re ta ria l tasks o f com parable nature and d ifficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ire s know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the orga n ization ,
p ro g ra m s, and proced u res re la ted to the w ork o f the s u p erviso r.
Exclu sions
Not a ll position s that a re titled " s e c r e t a r y " possess the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f positions which a re excluded fr o m the defin ition a re as fo llo w s:
a.

P o sition s

which

do not m eet the

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

b.

1. S e c re ta ry to the su p erviso r o r head o f a sm all o rga n izatio n a l unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 o r 30 perso n s); or
2. S e c re ta r y to a n on su pervisory sta ff sp e cia list, p ro fe s s io n a l em p loyee, a d m in istra ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a ssistan t, s k ille d technician o r ex p ert.
(N O T E : Many com panies assign
sten ograph ers, ra th er than s e c re ta rie s as d es crib e d above, to this le v e l o f s u p erviso ry o r
n on su p erviso ry w o r k e r .)

Exam ples

concept d escrib ed

S TE N O G R A P H E R
above;

Stenographers not fu lly train ed in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers servin g as o ffic e a ssistan ts to a group o f p rofe ssio n a l, tech n ical, o r
m a n a gerial persons;
d. S e c re ta ry position s in which the duties a re eith er substantially m o re routine o r sub­
stantially m o re com p lex and resp o n sib le than those c h a ra c te riz e d in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation. May
a lso type fr o m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fr o m a stenographic pool. M ay o cca s io n a lly tra n scrib e
fro m v o ic e re co rd in gs ( i f p r im a ry duty is tra n scrib in g fr o m re c o rd in g s , see T ra n scrib in g-M a ch in e
O p era to r, G en era l).
N O T E : Th is job is distinguished fr o m that o f a s e c re ta ry in that a s e c re ta ry n o rm a lly
w orks in a confiden tial relation sh ip with only one m an ager o r ex ecu tive and p erfo rm s m o re
resp o n sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d es crib e d in the s e c re ta ry job defin ition .
S tenographer, G en eral

e. A ssista n t type position s which in volve m o re d ifficu lt o r m o r e re spon sib le tech ­
n ical, a d m in istra tive, s u p erviso ry , o r sp e c ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not typ ic a l o f
s e c re ta ria l w ork.




D ictation in vo lv es a n orm al routine vo cabu lary. M ay m aintain file s , keep sim ple re c o r d s ,
o r p e r fo rm oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

17
S T E N O G R A P H E R — Continued

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R (E le c t r ic Accounting M ach in e O p e ra to r)— Continued

S te n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
or

P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s is o f th e fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs
r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n ­
s i b ilit y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h igh
d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and o f th e s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta s k s such a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and
ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d les
c o m p le x c a lls , such as c o n fe r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a lls , e it h e r in a d d itio n to
d o in g ro u tin e w o r k as d e s c r ib e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r as a fu ll- t im e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s th at a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w h ich e x te n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a lls . )
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a lls . M a y h a n d le ro u tin e lo n g d is ta n c e c a lls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rs ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s ts a r e r o u tin e , e . g . , g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b ers w hen
s p e c ific n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r . )
T h e s e c la s s ific a t io n s do not in c lu d e
a s s is t c u s to m e r s in p la c in g c a lls .

s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

in te le p h o n e c o m p a n ie s

who

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p e r fo r m in g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s it io n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O PERATO R

( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )

O p e r a te s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s such as th e ta b u la to r , c a lc u la t o r , c o lla t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u te r s , e v e n though th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a te
E A M e q u ip m e n t.

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts in c lu d in g d e v is in g
d iffic u lt c o n tr o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d er g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu re and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a tio n s , and th e u se o f a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in tr a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s o r t r a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e p o s itio n s in w h ic h w ir in g r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to
s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n der s p e c ific in ­
s tr u c tio n s . A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts
o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a c h in e s such as th e ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s
u sed b y c la s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g
m a c h in e s such as th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g ru n s,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and do s o m e f ilin g w o r k .
T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E

O PERATO R,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r it t e n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as
le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r who ta k e s d ic ta tio n
in sh o rth a n d o r by S te n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e is c la s s if ie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s ,

a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e out b ills a f t e r c a lc u la ­
ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a t e ­
w o r k in v o lv in g lit t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such
o r s o r tin g and d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m w hen
it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu ation , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y
and b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to suit c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g fr o m rou gh o r c le a r
d r a ft s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u ra n c e p o lic ie s , e t c .; o r s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd
ta b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and sp a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
CO M PUTER

COM PUTER

OPERATO R

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a tin g in s tr u c tio n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d by a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
S tu d ies in s tr u c tio n s to d e te r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .); s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m e n t in to c ir c u it , and s ta r ts
an d o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts to c o m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a tio n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
p ro g ra m .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s

are

c l a s s if ie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n tly t e s te d
and in tro d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ;
th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n so th at id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a ila b le . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t io n and gu id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t ic s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c tio n ru n s , t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t l e o r no te s tin g




O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r ch a n ge o r can n ot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b le t im e .
In co m m o n e r r o r s itu a ­
tio n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g s ta n d a rd c o r r e c t io n te c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a te s u n d er d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r run n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta s k s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C .
W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t u sed and a b ilit y to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d s o m e fo r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
CO M PUTER

PROGRAM ER,

B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r t s s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d by a s y s te m s a n a ly s t, in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e th e p r o b le m s by a u to m a tic data
p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t. W o rk in g fr o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e in ­
s tr u c tio n s w h ic h , w hen e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u la tio n

18
COM PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — Continued

COM PUTER

o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u te r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b le m to be p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s seq u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s te p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r ts to sh ow o r d e r in w h ich d ata w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s ts and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c tio n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g r a m in g sh ou ld be c la s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n ic d ata p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t ific
a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

program ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e te n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p ts and p r a c t ic e s . W o rk in g fr o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ic h id e n t ify the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s tep s to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b le m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p la n s the fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t iliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r eq u ip m e n t m u s t be o r g a n iz e d to
p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p ro d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
such a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich ca n be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts
to fo r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s who a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .
C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e l a t i v e l y s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p ro d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r ts
and lis t in g s a r e p ro d u c e d b y r e fin in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r
d e le tio n s f r o m input d a ta w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s so th at th e a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c in g
o f data can be t e s t e d by u sin g a fe w ro u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
ro u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A ) u n d er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r by in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d if f ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er f a i r l y c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y gu id e o r in s tr u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u s u a lly
le a r n e d in fo r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew
a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a t io n s n e e d e d to en a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b er and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
be u sed ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to be p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il fo r
p r e s e n ta tio n to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and
d ata flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f
n ew and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t ch a n g e s to ob ta in m o r e e ff e c t iv e o v e r a ll^
o p e r a t io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g sh ou ld b e c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is th e s k ill u sed to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o es not in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n
o f o th e r e le c t r o n ic d a ta p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t ific o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s

a n a ly s ts

are

c la s s if ie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g all p h a s e s o f s y s te m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b eca u se o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f
input d a ta and m u lt ip le - u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a te d
p ro d u c tio n s c h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich




SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — Continued

e v e r y ite m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and
a p p r o p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d b y th e c o m p u te r.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e t e r m in e the d a ta p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a ­
tio n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s te m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a tio n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n g e s and f o r o b ta in in g eq u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
as s is t.

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r

le v e l

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s th at a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output d a ta a r e c lo s e ly
r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s te m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a cc o u n ts in a bank,
m a in ta in in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y acco u n ts
in a m a n u fa c tu rin g o r w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f the
d a ta p r o c e s s in g s y s te m s to be a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , a s d e s c r ib e d f o r
c la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and g u id a n ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s tr u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o r k s u n d er im m e d ia t e s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and exp an d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
by p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t.
DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a tu r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ft in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c lo s e su p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a ch c h a n g e on th e d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
pon en ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts th at r e q u ir e th e a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a lly i n ­
v o lv e such w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r sh a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fou n d a tio n s , w a ll
s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f
co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tru c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
DRAFTSM AN- TRACER
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a l a r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a t io n .)
AND /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC

r e p e t it iv e

d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .

W o rk is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o rk s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e le c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s by p e r fo r m in g one o r m o r e
o f th e f o llo w in g o p e r a t io n s : M o d ify in g , in s t a llin g , r e p a ir in g , and o v e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a tio n s
r e q u ir e th e p e r fo r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a ll o f the f o llo w in g ta s k s :
A s s e m b lin g , te s t in g , a d ju s tin g ,
c a lib r a t in g , tu n in g, and a lin in g .
W o r k is n o n r e p e t it iv e and r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y and p r a c t ic e o f e le c t r o n ic s
p e r ta in in g to th e u se o f g e n e r a l and s p e c ia liz e d e le c t r o n ic t e s t e q u ip m e n t; t r o u b le a n a ly s is ; and
the o p e r a tio n , r e la t io n s h ip , and a lin e m e n t o f e le c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s te m s , and c ir c u it s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a r ts .

19
E L E C T R O N IC

N U R S E , IN D U S T R I A L (R e g i s t e r e d )

T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u ed

E le c t r o n ic eq u ip m e n t o r s y s te m s w o r k e d on t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
G ro u n d , v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a tio n a id s ;
a ir b o r n e o r gro u n d r a d a r s y s te m s ; r a d io and t e le v is io n tr a n s m it t in g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u te r s ; m i s s i l e and s p a c e c r a ft g u id a n c e and c o n t r o l s y s te m s ; in d u s t r ia l and m e d ic a l
m e a s u r in g , in d ic a tin g and c o n t r o llin g d e v ic e s ; e tc .
(E x c lu d e p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a ft s m e n , d r a fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
and r e p a ir m e n o f such s ta n d a rd e le c t r o n ic eq u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h in e s , r a d io and t e le v is io n
r e c e iv in g s e t s . )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; G iv in g f i r s t a id
to the i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l. N u r s in g s u p e r v is o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than on e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A I N T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild ­
in g w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m en t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ; u sin g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , and s ta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k ­
in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a rts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ; In t e r p r e t in g w r it t e n
in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o ls ;
sh ap in g o f m e t a l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , fe e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
and fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s such a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e , o r
r e p a ir o f eq u ip m e n t fo r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : In s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l eq u ip m e n t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t; w o r k in g fr o m b lu e ­
p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u sin g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and t e s tin g
in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T I O N A R Y
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s t a tio n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m e n t
such as s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pu m p s; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n s u m p tio n . M a y a ls o su ­
p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; and
ch e c k s w a t e r and s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

TRAD ES

A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tr a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s fr o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d
to s u p p ly in g , l if t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o th e r s
h e is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e th at a r e a ls o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e ra tio n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h in e to o ls , such a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setu p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a tio n
t o a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s in g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and c u ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o ils .
For
c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh ops a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T I V E

(M a in te n a n c e )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e u se o f such h a n d to o ls as w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r
d e fe c t iv e p a r ts fr o m s to c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g the v a r io u s
a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s
and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t

training and experience.
m o b ile

T h is c la s s ific a t io n
r e p a ir sh o p s.

d o e s not in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w h o r e p a ir c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in a u to ­

M E C H A N IC , M A I N T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u se
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s o b ta in ed
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh op o r sen d in g o f the
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p ro d u c tio n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d fr o m m a c h in e shop; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y d u ties
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n tle s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s , s tre n g th o f
m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f eq u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd t o o ls ,
e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to be u s e d ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t such a s d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s
a rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s
th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f p ain t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a ­
tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il

20
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L

h o le s and i n t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite
le a d , and o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e
m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls
in c u ttin g , b en d in g , fo r m in g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — Continued

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e
p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a rd te s ts to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f i n ­
is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s
ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n
o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and fix t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u tes, d u cts, m e t a l
r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out a ll
ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; s e ttin g

TO O L AND

D IE M A K E R

(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , jig s ,* fix t u r e s o r d ie s fo r f o r g in g s ,
pu n ch in g, and o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
sta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r ts d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed
t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s ,
sh op s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l

and d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

W ATCHM AN

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — C o n tin u ed

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r ,
u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a te m e n who a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k
on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

and s iz e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g
id e n tify in g d a ta on c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rou n ds o f p r e m is e s
th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E IV IN G

J A N IT O R ,

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n it r e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , tr a s h , and o t h e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s ,
s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w age

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and
w a re h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

s ta c k e r ;

s h e lv e r ;

tru ck er;

s to c k m a n

or

s to c k h e lp e r ;

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m f r e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r t in g d e v ic e s ; u n p a ck in g, s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who lo a d and u n load sh ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

s to c k

s e le c to r ;

w a reh ou se

s to c k m a n )

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s fr o m s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s it io n a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

are

c la s s i f i e d

as fo llo w s :

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such a s: M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , f r e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n load tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f i e d b y s iz e and ty p e o f eq u ip m e n t, as
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be r a te d on th e b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )
TRU CKER,

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a in e r s , th e s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er
o f u n its to be p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u ir e s
th e p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f sto c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e




w ork ers

T R U C K D R IV E R

f o llo w s :

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p ic k e r ;

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c le r k

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . S h ip p in g w o r k in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f th e g o o d s s h ip p ed , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and k e e p in g
a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts
a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

POW ER

O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

w ork ers

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

are

c la s s ifie d

b y ty p e o f tr u c k ,

as f o llo w s :

A v a ila b le O n RequestThe follow ing areas are surveyed p erio d ica lly for use in adm inistering the S ervice Contract A ct of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional o ffices shown on the inside front cover.

Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A sh eville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B ak ersfield , C alif.
Baton Rouge, La.
B iloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, M iss.
B ridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
C la rk sville, Tenn., and H opkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth-Superior, M in n —Wis.
Durham, N.C.
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
F a yetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg— e o m in s te r, M ass.
L
F o rt Smith, A rk.—
Okla.
F red erick —
Hagerstown, Md.—Pa.—W. Va.
Great F a lls, Mont.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
H arrisburg, Pa.
Huntsville, Ala.
K n oxville, Tenn.

Copies o f public releases are

Laredo, Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Low er Eastern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
M arquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a rie, Mich.
M eridian, M iss.
M iddlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Som erset
C os., N.J.
M obile, A la ., and Pensacola, Fla.
M ontgom ery, Ala.
N ash ville, Tenn.
New London-G roton-Norw ich, Conn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, C alif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, A rk.
Portsm outh, N.H.—
Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, C alif.
Santa Barbara, C alif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee— olyoke, Mas s .—Conn.
H
Stockton, C alif.
Tacom a, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C alif.
Wichita F a lls , Tex.
Wilmington, D e l—
N.J.—
Md.

The eleventh annual report on salaries fo r accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, d irectors o f personnel,
buyers, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en, and c le ric a l em ployees. O rder as BLS Bulletin 1693, National
Survey o f P rofession al, A d m in istrative, Technical, and C le ric a l Pay, June 1970, $1.00 a copy, from the Superintendent o f Documents,
U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any o f its regional sales o ffices.




☆ U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1972 — 745 - 104/73

.



■

■

r

v

A r e a W a g e S u rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irecto ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at
the request of the Employment Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Prin tin g O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on
the inside front cover.

A re a

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1
---------------------------------------- 1685-87,
40cents
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N .Y ., M ar. 1971 1---------- 1685-54,
35cents
30cents
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Mar. 1971____________________ 1685-58,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1971— 1685-75,
30cents
Atlanta, Ga., May 1971________________________________ 1685-69,
40cents
B altim ore, Md., Aug. 1971 ----------------------------------- 1725-16,
35cents
Beaumont^Port Arthur—Orange, T ex ., May 1971 1--- 1685-68,
35cents
Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1971 1------------------------------- 1725-6,
35cents
Birm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1971 1 ----------------------------- 1685-63,
40cents
B oise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971--------------------------------- 1725-27,
30cents
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1971-------------------------------------- 1725-11,
40cents
45cents
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1971_______________________________ 1725-34,
Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971------------------------------------ 1725-25,
25cents
Canton, Ohio, May 1971_______________________________ 1685-71,
30cents
Charleston, W. Va., M ar. 1971_______________________
1685-57,
30cents
Charlotte, N.C ., Jan. 1972 1---------------------------------- 1725-48,
35cents
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1971------------------------ 1725-14,
30cents
Chicago, 111., June 1971 1 ------------------------------------- 1685-90,
70cents
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1971 1------------------- 1685-53,
45cents
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971 ---------------------------------- 1725-17,
40cents
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971 ----------------------------------- 1725-19,
30cents
35cents
D allas, T ex., Oct. 1971________________________________ 1725-26,
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111.,
Feb. 1971______________________________________________ 1685-51,
30cents
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 19711_____________________________
1725-36,
35cents
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1971 1 ____________________________ 1725-44,
35cents
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1971__________________________ 1685-70,
30cents
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1971 1----------------------------------- 1685-77,
50cents
30cents
F o rt Worth, T ex., Oct. 1971--------------------------------- 1725-21,
G reen Bay, W is., July 1971 ---------------------------------- 1725-3,
30cents
G reen ville, S.C., May 1971 1--------------------------------- 1685-78,
35cents
50cents
Houston, T ex., Apr. 1971 1 ----------------------------------- 1685-67,
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971--------------------------------- 1725-23,
30cents
Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972------------------------------------- 1725-38,
30cents
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1971-------------------------------- 1725-39,
30cents
Kansas City, M o.-K ans., Sept. 1971 ----------------------- 1725-18,
35cents
Lawrence— averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1971 ---------- 1685-83,
H
N
30cents
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1971 ------- 1725-4,
30cents
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden G rove, C alif., M ar. 1971 1 __________________ 1685-66,
50cents
L o u isville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1--------------------------- 1725-29,
35cents
Lubbock, T ex ., M ar. 1971_____________________________ 1685-60,
30cents
M anchester, N.H., July 1971--------------------------------- 1725-2,
30cents
Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Nov. 1971 1------------------------- 1725-40,
A
35cents
M iam i, F la ., Nov. 1971________________________________ 1725-28,
30cents
Midland and Odessa, T ex., Jan. 1972 1------------------- 1725-37,
30cents
Milwaukee, W is., May 1971_______________________ -— 1685-76, 35 cents
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1972 1---------------- 1725-45,
50cents

D ata on establishm ent practices


and supplem entary w a g e provisions are also presented.

A re a
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1971____
Newark and J e rs e y City, N.J., Jan. 1971_____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1 -----------------------------New O rleans, La., Jan. 1972---------------------------------New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1971---------------------------------N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1971 1___________________
Omaha, N eb r.-Iow a, Sept. 1971 1 ____________________
Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N.J., June 1971___________
P
Philadelphia, P a .—
N.J., Nov. 1970-------------------------Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1971____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1972------------------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1 --------------------------------Portland, O reg.—Wash., May 1971___________________
Provid en ce—
Pawtucket— arwick, R.I.— a ss.,
W
M
May 1971 1 --------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1971------------------------------------Richmond, Va., Mar. 1971____________________________
R ochester, N .Y. (o ffice occupations only),
July 1971 1 ------------------------------------------------------Rockford, 111., May 1971 --------------------------------------St. Louis, M o.—
111., M ar. 1971 1---------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1971_______________________
San Antonio, T ex ., May 1971 1------------------------------San B ernardino— iv e r side—
R
Ontario, C alif.,
Dec. 1971----------------------------------------------------------San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1971 1 -------------------------------San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C alif., Oct. 1971 1___________
San Jose, C alif., Aug. 1971 1---------------------------------Savannah, Ga., May 1971-----------------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1971____________________________
Seattle— verett, Wash., Jan. 1972-------------------------E
Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Dec. 1971-----------------------------South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1971--------------------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1971 -----------------------------------Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1971 1 __________________________
Tampar-St. P etersb u rg, Fla., Nov. 1971 1
____________
Toledo, Ohio— ich., A pr. 1971 1_____________________
M
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1971 -----------------------------------Utica—
Rom e, N .Y ., July 1971 1 ----------------------------Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., Apr. 1971______________
V
W aterbury, Conn., Mar. 1971________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971------------------------------------W ichita, K an s., A pr. 1971----------------------------------W orcester, M ass., May 1971 ------------------------------York, P a ., Feb. 1971__________________________________
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1970_______________
W

Bulletin number
and price
1685-82,
1685-47,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1685-89,

30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents
65 cents

1725-42,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1725-46,
1725-22,
1685-85,

30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1685-80, 40 cents
1725-5,
30 cents
1685-62,
30 cents
1725-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1725-24,
1685-81,

35 cents
30 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1725-43,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-15,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1685-61,
1685-88,
1725-10,
1725-31,
1685-74,
1725-12,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1725-20,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1685-50,
1685-24,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PR IV A TE USE, $300




FIRST CLASS M AIL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102