View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e T a m p a — S t. P e te r s b u r g , F lo rid a ,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , N o v e m b e r 1971

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 -3 1
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV
S uite 54 0

4 0 6 Penn Square Building

Governm ent Center

341 N inth Ave., Rm. 1003
N ew Y o rk , N .Y . 10001

1317 F ilb ert S t.

1371 Peachtree S t. N E .

Boston, Mass. 0 2 2 0 3

Phone: 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (Area Code 212)

Philadelphia, Pa. 19107

A tla n ta , Ga. 3 0 3 0 9

Phone: 5 9 7 -7 7 9 6 (Area Code 215)

Phone: 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (Area Code 404)

16 03-J F K Federal Building

Phone: 22 3-6 7 6 1 (Area Code 617)
Region V

Region VI

Regions V II and V III

Regions IX and X
4 5 0 Golden Gate Ave.

8th Floor, 3 0 0 South Wacker Drive

1 1 00 Commerce S t., Rm . 6B 7

Federal O ffice Building

Chicago, III. 6 0 6 0 6
Phone: 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (Area Code 312)

Dallas, T e x. 7 5 2 0 2

911 W alnut S t., 10th Floor

Box 3 6 0 1 7

Phone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (Area Code 21 4)

Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
Phone: 374-24 81 (Area Code 81 6)

San Francisco, C alif. 9 4 1 0 2

* Regions V II and V III w ill be serviced by Kansas C ity .
**




Regions IX and X w ill be serviced by San Francisco.

Phone: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area Code 415)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 -3 1

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

M a rc h 1 9 7 2

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e T a m p a —S t. P e te rs b u rg , F lo rid a , M e tro p o lita n A re a , N o v e m b e r 1971
CO NTENTS
Page

1.
5.

I n t r o d u c t io n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

T a b le s :
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n a n d w o m e n
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n an d w o m e n
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d
m
A -4 .
M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t io n s
A - 5. C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s

B.

6.

1.
2.

A.

4.

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s :
B - l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o ff ic e w o r k e r s
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s an d d a y s
B -4 .
P a i d h o lid a y s
B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s
B -6 .
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s

7.

9.
10.
11 .
12 .

13.
14.
15.
16.

17.
20.

2 3.

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




I
For sale by th= superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents

Preface
T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f an n u al o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e s ig n e d t o p r o v i d e d a ta
o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s .
I t y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d
f o r th e U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is th e
n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2 ) th e s t r u c t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s tr y d iy is io n s .
A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in p r e ­
s e n ts th e r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s
f o r a ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , t w o s u m m a r y b u l le t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e fir s t
b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i ­
v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta t o r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e
U n it e d S t a t e s .
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m .
In e a c h
a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a n d on
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is
b u lle tin
p res e n ts
r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in T a m p a —
S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , in N o v e m b e r 1971.
T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g e t
( f o r m e r l y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t ) t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s is t s
o f H ills b o r o u g h and P i n e l l a s C o u n tie s .
T h i s s tu d y w a s c o n d u c te d b y
th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t l a n t a , G a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c ­
t io n o f D o n a ld M . C r u s e , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s .




Note:
back

S im ila r r e p o r t s a r e a v a ila b le fo r o th e r a r e a s .
c o v e r .)

(S e e

i n s id e

U n io n w a g e r a t e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e T a m p a —S t. P e t e r s b u r g a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g
c o n s t r u c t io n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; l o c a l
t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s ; and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .

In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ­
t a in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u f a c t u r in g ;
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d
b e c a u s e t h e y te n d to f u r n is h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s
s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t in c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d o n a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b t a in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y a t m in i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t . E s t i ­
m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s an d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s ,
an d a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l;
(3 ) m a in t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (4 ) c u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u t ie s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a t e d ,
th e e a r n i n g s d a ta f o l l o w i n g th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l in d u s t r i e s c o m ­
b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d ,
o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d
in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( 1 ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a ­
t io n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r
(2 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
E a r n i n g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d
in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d d a ta , w h e r e s h o w n .
L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e
in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c ­
r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s n o t s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y
is n ot a v a ila b le .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s an d in c e n t i v e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o th e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t
h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n
ro u n d ed to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e c te d w a g e c h a n g es .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s an d
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h if t s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le 2, a r e
b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l jo b s w it h in th e g r o u p s .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
I n d u s t r ie s an d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d jo b
s t a f f i n g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w it h in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c tu a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in
th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occupa­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
tions only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b t a in e d
in 65 areas at the request o f the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




2
f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e
th e r e la t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f fe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e le c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e la t e to p la n t - an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a t a f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s not
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly a r e in c lu d e d in the e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , an d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c ­
tio n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n an d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c t io n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k i n g
s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s
an d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but in c lu d e d
in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (t a b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , an d the p r o b a b i li t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e li k e ly to h a v e f o r m a l e n t ra n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s , the t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o li c i e s in m e d iu m an d l a r g e e s t a b li s h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (t a b le B - 2 ) a r e lim it e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s in f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d bo th in
t e r m s o f (1 ) e s t a b li s h m e n t p o li c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , a n d (2 ) e f fe c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c i f i e d sh ift at th e t im e o f the
su rve y.
In e s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ap d d a y s (t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a ­
j o r i t y o f the f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d a s
a p p ly in g to a l l o f the p la n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s an d d a y s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l ­
t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at
s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a i d h o li d a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; an d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n ­
s io n p la n s (t a b le s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t i c a l ly on the
b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p li c a b le to a l l p la n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a

m a j o r i t y o f su c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r
the p r a c t i c e s li s t e d . S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t a b le s B - 2 t h r o u g h
B - 6 m a y not e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
D a t a on p a id h o lid a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e li m i t e d to d a ta on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1 ) a r e p r o v id e d f o r in
w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2 ) h a v e b e e n e s t a b li s h e d b y c u s t o m . H o lid a y s o r d i ­
n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u gh th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n w o r k d a y
an d th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o ff. T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the
p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le an d h a lf h o lid a y s
a c t u a lly g r a n t e d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le an d h a lf h o lid a y s
to s h o w t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (t a b le B - 5 ) i s li m i t e d to a
s t a t is t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s not in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c if ic b e n e ­
fits .
P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t - o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r th a n a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d . E s t i m a t e s e x ­
c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s an d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s an d t h o s e w h ic h o f f e r
" e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s w ith q u a lify in g
le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . S u ch e x c lu s i o n s a r e t y p ic a l in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m ,
an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s (t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
co st. S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y an d t h o s e p r o v id e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p lo y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the p la n ,
e v e n i f l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e le c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r ib u te t o w a r d the c o s t o f th e p la n . L e g a l l y r e ­
q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l s e c u r i t y , and
r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s li m i t e d to that typ e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u r in g t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b i li t y . I n f o r ­
m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n t r i b ­
u tes.
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k an d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c te d
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i li t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p lo y e r c o n t r i b u ­
t io n s , 3 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r ( ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e
th a n is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2 ) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fit s
w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e l a w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s ic k

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following condi­
tions: (1) Operated late shifts at the lim e of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
2
shifts. An establishment was considered as having form al provisions if it (1) had operated late shifts
contributions.
during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




1

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

3
le a v e p la n s a r e li m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y o r a
p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f
illn e s s .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1 ) p la n s
w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y an d no w a it in g p e r i o d , an d (2 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o ­
v id e e it h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a it in g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to the p r e s e n ­
t a tio n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and
a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n
o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e fit s .
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i li t y p la n s p r o v id e p a y m e n t s to t o t a lly d i s ­
a b le d e m p lo y e e s u pon the e x p ir a t i o n o f t h e ir p a id s ic k le a v e a n d / o r
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f
d i s a b i li t y (t y p i c a lly 6 m o n t h s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e u n til th e en d o f
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least (he mini­
mum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written,
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




the d i s a b i li t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t ir e m e n t b e n e f it s .
P a y m e n t s m a y b e at f u ll o r p a r t i a l p a y but a r e a lm o s t a lw a y s r e ­
d u c e d b y s o c ia l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , and p r iv a t e p e n s io n
b e n e fit s p a y a b le to the d i s a b le d e m p lo y e e .
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s an d in ju r y in v o lv in g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and
s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n t a l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a r e p la n s w h ic h
c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y be u n d e r ­
w r it t e n b y c o m m e r i c a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a t io n s
o r th e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p lo y e r out o f a fund s e t a s id e f o r
th is p u r p o s e . T a b u la t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w itn in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in T a m p a —S t. P e te r s b u r g , F la .,1

by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 N o v e m b e r 1 9 71
Number of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
o f study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Plant
Number

A ll divisions________________________________
Manufacturing___________________________________
N onmanufacturing_______________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5
______________________
Wholesale tra d e -------------------------------------Retail trade__________________________________
Finance, insurance, and rea l esta te________
Services 8
_____________________________________

_

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied

Office

PerQent

T o ta l4

651

145

118,293

100

79.600

19.073

58, 171

-

195
456

54
91

42,088
76,205

36
64

30,566
49,034

4, 064
15,009

21,026
37, 145

50
50
50
50
50

46
67
181
64
98

14
12
30
13
22

15,085
6,452
34,666
8,574
11,428

13
5
29
7
10

50

9,049
(6)
(6)
(7)
(6)

2,442
(6)
(‘ )
(6)
(6)

11,853
1,212
18,236
2, 592
3, 252

1 The Tampa—
St. Petersburg Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the O ffice of Management and Budget (fo rm e rly the Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, consists
of Hillsborough and Pin ellas Counties. The "w ork ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor fo rce
included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes fo r the area to m easure employment trends or levels since
(1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of
the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishments with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilities " in the A - and B -s e rie s tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded. The Tampa and St. Petersburg transit systems
are municipally operated and are excluded by definition from the scope of the survey.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and fo r " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates fo r " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the rea l estate portion only inestimates
fo r " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile rep air, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit mem bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.




A lm ost two-fifths of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Tampa—
St.
Petersbu rg area w ere employed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the m ajor
industry groups and specific industries as a percent of a ll manufacturing:
Industry groups
Food and kindred products____ 19
E le ctrica l equipment and
supplies______________________ - 18
Fabricated m etal products____ 11
Transportation equipment_____ 8
Chemicals and allied
products______________________ 7
Printing and publishing________ 6
Tobacco manufactures__________ 6
Stone, clay, and glass
products_______________________ 5

Specific industries
Communication equipment_______ 11
Canned, cured, and frozen
foods___________________________ 8
C igars___________________________ 6
Fabricated structural
m etal products________________ 6
A gricu ltu ral chem icals_________ 5
Electronic components and
a ccessories____________________ 5
Metal cans______________________ 5
Newspapers_____________________ 5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials compiled p rio r to actual survey. Proportions in various industry divisions may
d iffe r from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e in d e x is the p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g
the b a s e y e a r r e la t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y the r e la t iv e f o r the next s u c c e e d in g
y e a r and c o n tin u in g to m u lt i p ly (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r 's in d e x .

P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h an ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d in d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
an d in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t in g 100 f r o m the in d e x y ie ld s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the da te o f
the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the in d ic a t e d d a te s .
A n n u al ra te s of in c re a s e , w h e re
sh o w n , r e f le c t the a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w h e n the tim e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o th e r than 12 m o n th s . T h e s e c o m p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s ta n t ra t e
betw e en s u rv e y s .
T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e la t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d
la t e s h ift s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a lly im p o rt a n t jo b s w ith in
each gro u p .
L im it a t io n s

o f D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
The
in d e x e s
an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y ;
(1 ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b , and (3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e r e s u lt in g f r o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , an d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d i ff e r e n t p a y l e v e ls .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e iv a b le
that e v e n th o u gh a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m a y h a v e r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s ta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b ly b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the fo llo w i n g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w it h in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s ig n e d a c o n s ta n t w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p ;
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance ( men):
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Electricians
operators, class B
Secretaries
Machinists
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Mechanics
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
Cleiks, file, classes
Painters
A, B, and C
A and B
Pipefitters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Tool and die makers
Cleiks, payroll
class B
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Janitors, porters, and
Industrial nurses (men and
Messengers (office boys or
cleaners
women):
girls)
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling

T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f le c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t im e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e an y s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i ­
p li e d b y the o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t , an d the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t io n s
in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a le d .
T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s
w e r e r e la t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the la t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5

6




T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la rie s an d s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

in (T a m p a —S t. P e te rs b u r g , F la ., N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 a n d N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 1 , an d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll industries
Office
cle rica l
(men and
women)

Period

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Manufacturing
U nskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

O ffice
clerica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (August 1967? 100)
Novem ber 1970__________________________________
N ovem ber 1971__________________________________

118. 1
123. 9

(M
(l)

121. 3
131. 1

123. 6
126. 8

116. 2
121. 1

O
(*)

122. 0
130. 8

125. 6
136. 5

Percents of increase
September 1966 to August 1967:
11-month in crease___________________________
Annual rate of in c re a s e ---------------------------

6.4
7. 0

0

2. 3
2. 5

8. 1
8. 9

4. 0
4. 4

O

2. 3
2. 5

7. 9
8. 6

( !)

6.6
4. 3

11. 3
3.4

3. 8
3. 6

(!)
( ')

6. 2
5. 3

9.7
8. 0

(*)

(*)

August 1967 to August 1968_____________________
August 1968 to August 1969_____________________
August 1969 to Novem ber 1970:
15-month in crease___________________________
Annual rate of in c re a s e---------------------------

5. 2
4. 7
7. 3
5. 8

(*)

(*)

9. 1
7. 2

7.4
5.9

8. 1
6. 4

(!)
(*)

9. 1
7. 2

6. 0
4. 8

-----------------

4. 9

t 1)

8. 1

2. 6

4. 2

(l)

7. 2

8. 7

Novem ber

1970

to Novem ber

1 9 7 1

Data do not m eet publication criteria,

(*)

7

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b le A-1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s— men and w om e n

(Average straight-tim w
e eekly hours an earnings for selected o p n stu ied o an area basis by industry division, T pa—t. Petersburg, Fla., Novem 1 7 )
d
ccu atio s d
n
am S
ber 9 1
Weekly earnings 1
(staiidard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

*

I

60
M eant

M edian2

Middle range2

%

1

*

65

70

75

80

70

75

80

85

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
I
t
1
t
*
T
t
1
*
!
<
85

90

95

10
0

105

90

95

10
0

105

1 0 12
1
0

10 10
1
2

8

t

f ’

65

t

20 21
0
0

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

160

150

160

170

180

190

20 2
0
10

6

6

6

*
*

3

6

7
7

9

*

2
0

-

-

6

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

6

6
2
2

-

6
6
“

and
under

]

and
130

HEN
66
*2

$
$
$
$
6 0 .0 1 5 6 .0 0 13 8 .0 0 1 2 6 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
6 0 .0 16-».00 1 8 1 .0 0

------------------------------------------------

153

6 0 .0 1 3 1 .0 0 1 3 6 .5 0 1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 6 2 .5 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYSI ---------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

79
63

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 6 .5 0
88.00

8 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 - 9 8 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

113
95

6 0 .5
6 0 .0

8 6.0 0
8 5 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------ --------------------------- -------------------------

68

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

16 7
135

6 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------- -MANUFACTURING---------------------- ,----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -----------------------------

262
99
163
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
12 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
13 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------- •--------NONMANUFACTURING--------~ r— ------------------

676
17 6
500

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
6 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

9 1 .5 0
8 9.0 0
9 3 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S -----------------------------

196
18 1
69

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
6 0 .0

8 6.0 0
8 3.0 0
9 5 .5 0

8 0 .50
7 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

7 2 .5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0

-

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------— --------NONMANUFACTURING----------------- -----------------

163
156

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

168
69

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 5.0 0
8 7 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
CLERKS, ORDER

----------------

*

19

8

-

1

-

6

-

18

-

26
19

10
5

6
2

1

5

17
15

1
0
1
0

1
1

6
6

17
17

36
25

27
25

6
6

2
1

18
13

-

-

-

7

-

32

-

3
3

16
16

16

1
2

28
26

26
26

8
6

15
15

16
7
9
“

5
3
“

8

7

1
1

1

6

2

1
0

-

-

_
“

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

6

1
1

2
0

67

26

2
2

-

_

25
25

3
3

2

51
16
37
17

6
6

26

23
23
-

16
7

6
6

7

5
61

5

-

W
OMEN

6 0 .0 10 0 .0 0 1 0 2 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

6

27

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

“

16
16
“

9

-

7
“

16
*

-

2
2

17
5
12

76
15
59

117
32
85

106
63
63

78
28
50

62
62

25
25

32
31

-

-

6

19
17
13

9

-

30
30

7 2 .0 0 - 7 9 .0 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 7 9 .0 0

2
2

13
13

76
68

62
60

25
25

8 3.00
8 3.0 0
8 3.0 0

7 9 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0

-

-

26

56

-

-

8

16
5

2
0

-

18

9

36

163
67
96

3 9 .5 10 2 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 7 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 5 .5 0 10 8 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0

-

-

2

-

-

2

11
-

31
19

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

51
67

3 9 .0 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0
3 8 .5 10 8 .0 0 1 1 1 . 0 0

8 5 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 3 1 . 0 0

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------- — ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

151
63

3 9 .5 1 0 1 .0 0 10 0 .0 0
3 9 .5 10 3 .0 0 1 0 2 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 9 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 1 3 . 5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------- -----------

3 13

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
6 0 .0

8 6 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0

6
6

8

7

S fo tn tes a en of tables.
ee o o
t d




99

88

99

216

90 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 9.00

1 1 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 6 9 .0 0

-

5

9 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 8 .50

11
1

1

1

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

2
2

7
-

8
6

2

22
6

5

16

1
2
3
3

1
2
2

1
0
66

7
59

2

8

5

1
1

2
0

30

1
0
2
0
3
80
16

57
9

6
6

6
8

16

9

1
0
9

6
6

18
15
3

6
6
6
60

2
2
2

6
6
6

-

5

5
5

-

_

1
0

2

5

3
3

5

1
6

-

1
6
6

3

-

1

_

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

6
6

-

“

6

-

-

“

6

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

“

-

-

6
6
6

6
5

6
1
16

1
1
9

2

15

1

5

-

-

16

5

5

1
2

1
0

13

7

13
9

-

6

3

5

6

15

6

3
3

2
2

1
1
28

6

1
2

2

15

2

25
5

2
0

6

6
2

15

9

6

6
1

2

16

3

1
2
1
2

-

_

1
1
1
1

_

27

9

25

3
2

-

9

9

7

9

17

3

16

18

2

16

-

56
16
38

6
8

30

16

15
7

16

66

1
0
2
0

1

2

7
7

66

3
11

8

5

1

6

1
2

_

3

•

22
6

1
1

2
2

1

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

“

_

8
T a b le A-1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s— men and w o m e n ---- C on tin ued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area u«iais by industry division, Tampa— Petersburg, Fla., November 1971)
St.
dard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

t
Average
hours 1
(standard)

t
60

M ean2

Median2

Middle range2

$
65

$
70

$
75

80

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
S
*
$
S
*
s
S
*
*
*
*
85
90
95
100
105
n o 120 130 140 150 160 170

-

180

s
190

*

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

-

-

5

-

2

-

17

35

91

55
27

200

210

“

65

WOMEN

*

S

and
under

and

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

76

68

47
66

12
54

9
43

6

7
10

1

3
8

1

-

*

1
1

2

2

1

•

“

-

-

-

C ON TI NU ED

$

$

$

71

MAN UFA CT UR ING

---------------------------

1 ,0 0 3
430
573

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

46

a4

A8

43
otUKfc|AK1L o t

w L A jj v

3 9 .5

135*50
^0 0 1 6 8 .5 0

250

1 4 2 *5 0

1 3 6 .5 0

1 4 9 .0 0 - 1 8 7 .5 0

---------------------------

4 0 .0

J
^
*
Z n #n t t ■ ftft 1 nc ftft
^ o * o 125 00 1 1 8 *5 0

93

1 3 1 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0

▲n * n }■ ? ? *? ? 1 0 3 )0 0
Aft n
^ 0 *0

1-9

*y

- -

184

T il

n o n m a n u f a ct u r in g

1 2 1 .0 0 - 1 5 3 .5 0

1 2 0 *0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 4 3 .0 0

10

-

-

15

9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0

*2

123* 50

, _
3

6
??
fr
^4

8

47

31

IO
4

2

31

12

7

4

6

* 2?
f"

J
:
*

7

19

W

1

r i

16

1O
w

13
38

T1
&1

^4

J
1

*

J7

J

22

^ 0 *0

n o n m a n u f a ct u r in g

—

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

126
119

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 1 . 0 0 - 8 6 .0 0

286

4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0
8 2 . 5 0 - 9 8 .0 0

155
38
117

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 2 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

9 1 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0

256

3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0

8 6 .0 0

8 1 . 5 0 - 9 2 .5 0

2

20
1

3 8 .5

8 9 .0 0

86.00

8 1 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0

2

20

41

-

?

!

0

5

1
1

1
1

5

**

16

40
13

26
15

50
21

24
14

29

21
8

12

2

_

29
14

47

-

1

2

23
10

37
9

8

3

1

2

17

14

61

52

26

1
3

7

2

1

_

8

7

100

MAN UFA CT UR ING --------------------------------NONHANUFAC T U R I N G
T Y P I S T S » CLASS

B — — — —— — — — — —
— —
— —

NONMANUF ACT UR ING ---------------------------

S fo tn tes a en o tables.
ee o o
t d f




*
11

_

2

3

2

-

9
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical o c c u p a tio n s— men and w o m e n

(Average straight-tim w
e eekly h u a d earnings for selected occu ation stu ied o a area basis by in stry division, T pa—t. Petersburg, Fla., Novem 1 7 )
o rs n
p
s d
n n
du
am S
ber 9 1
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m ber o f w o rk ers

%

t
Average
weekly

75
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

(standard)

S
80

S
85

s
90

*
95

t

1
100

105

r e c e iv in g
t

1
110

115

s tr a ig h t- tim e
*

$
120

125

w e e k ly e a r n in g s
S

130

t

$
140

150

o f ---t

160

*
170

t
180

*
190

t
200

$
210

an d
u n der
95

100

150

160

170

-

5

2

2

7
4

3

_

1

16
7

2
2

1
-

“

9

~

1

1
1

5
5

1

1

1

1

4

6

11

3

90

-

85

140

_

80

220
an d

105

110

115

120

125

130

2
2

-

4
4

2
2

3
2

3

14

6

8

3

23
3

2

1

2

1
5

1
10

180

190

200

210

220

over

MEN
$
$
1 1 9 .5 0 - 1 6 6 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 - 1 7 2 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 2 3 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0

9 6 .5 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0
1 7 8 .5 0

1 7 4 .0 0
1 8 3 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

1 6 1 .5 0 - 1 9 4 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0 - 1 9 3 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 0 0 .0 0

$
1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0

103

4 0 .0

31

3 9 .5

72
47
29

3 9 .5

105
30
75

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

38
27

COMPUTER O P E RA T O RS , C L ASS 8 ------------M ANUFACT URI NG -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------COMPUTER O P E RA T O RS , C L A SS C -------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------COMPUTER P ROGRAMERS,
B USINE SS, CLASS 8 M ANUFACT URI NG ----NONMANUFACTURI NG

$
1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

COMPUTER O P E RA T O RS . C L ASS A -------------N ONMANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------

COMPUTER P ROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L AS S C ----

26

DR AF TS MEN , C L A S S A —
M ANUFACT URI NG --------

139
96

4 0 .0

DRAF TSMEN, C L A S S B ---M ANUFACT URI NG -------NONMANUFACTURI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

134

DRAF TSMEN, C L A S S C ---M ANUFACT URI NG --------

-

-

2
2

-

-

1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0

-

2
-

4
-

11
-

4
-

-

1 1 4 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .0 0

2

4

11

4

-

2

6

3

20

-

2

2

7
7

3

2

3

7

*

1

1
1

10
10

”

1

5

-

5

1
1

1

-

1

1

“

-

i
-

-

_

1

-

8

-

3

-

5

-

-

3
-

3

3

-

-

3
2
2

23
4
19

-

-

i

~

14
2
12

16
9

5

3

12
1

7

3

4

11

4
1
3

-

8

7

1 0 9 .0 0 - 1 4 7 • 00

6

8

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1 6 8 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0 - 1 8 6 .0 0

7

10

41

19

20

17

9

_

5

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0 - 1 8 9 .5 0

7

6

25

3

20

13

11
11

9

*

2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 - 1 6 4 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 6 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0

1 3 3 .5 0 - 1 5 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

5
5
-

4 0 .0

1 5 2 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 4 1 .0 0 - 1 9 5 .5 0

-

-

“

-

-

~

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .5 0

_

3

6

1

6

55

26

3 9 .5

1 7 5 .0 0

1 6 7 .5 0

1 5 3 .5 0 - 1 9 1 .0 0

56
78
38
83

o

1 3 2 .0 0

o

1 3 0 .0 0
1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0

-

-

-

_

-

2

-

-

-

2

9

-

-

2

-

1
-

4
-

10

4

13

29

26

15

6

4
-

i
-

1
-

-

-

11
18
14

3
-

-

1
12
4

17

-

2
2
2

13

4

2
8

9

1
1

1

2
2

3
3

-

4
4

i
i

1
1

5

1

1

3
1

17
15

13
10

17

6

6

-

3

-

_

_

_

-

15

5

5

1

2

5

i

2

1

2

6

5
5

WOMEN

COMPUTER P ROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B --------------------------------

S fo tn tes a e d of tables
ee o o
t n




1 '

-

11

10
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p rofession al, and technical oc c u p a tio n s— men and w o m e n com bin ed

(Average straight-tim w
e eekly hours a d earnings for selected o p n stu ied o a area basis by in
n
ccu atio s d
n n
dustry division, T p S Petersburg, Fla., N
am a—t.
ovem 1 7 )
ber 9 1
Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly

Weekly

Number
of

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Number
of

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
$

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

119

101

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

o^"*~nn

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

3 9 .0
1 ,0 1 9

48

o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

$

$

O

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------

100.00

258

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
^ 0 *0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------

328

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

697
183
514

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTI LITIES ----------------------

201

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

74

1 2 2 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

184

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

71

4 0 .0

48

1 2 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 «5

9 5 .5 0

123
205
43

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 4 2 . jO

42
4 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0

1 0

177
38
139
43

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

268
75

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

500
298

1 3 6 .5 0

1
1
1
1

34
27
35
68

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

Art* n P ? * 2 2
#

8 3 .0 0

112.00
112.00
112.00
12^.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

163
154

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

22?

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

301

1 0 9 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

22 *2
*

69
232

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

571

4 0 .0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

171
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .5 0

11
1

4 0 *0
4 0 .0

97

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0

149
72

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

51
47

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

163
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 |

100

3 9 .5

1 0 7 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

315

3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0

99
216

3 9 .0

9 1 .5 0

10
0

4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0

186

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
— — — —
— — —
NONMANUFACTURING —— — — — — —

143

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

140
3 9 .5

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING — — — —— — —
— —— ——

3 9 .5

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
IN t j j *

L L A oo

131

——
—

1 7 8 .0 0

34

D

NONMANUFACTURING ——

3 9 .5

4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0

114

dUj

4 0 .0

2 3 9 .5 0

——— —

1 2 9 .0 0




8 8 .5 0

86. 5 0

1 4 3 .0 0

22*2

3 9 .0

1 1 7 *5 0

226
147
135

437

26

S fo tn te a e d of tables.
ee o o t n

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
D U a l N t j o f l« L Aj j l#
NONMANUFACTURING —“
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

1 0 2 .5 0

--------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

36

4 0 .0

111.00

126

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A

3 9 .5
3 9 ,5
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0

— —

97

-------------------------------------

—

— —

145

9 0 .5 0

4 0 .0

——

—

4 0 .0

1 4 8 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

286

HANUF AC TUR1 NG

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B

f^

1 2 9 .0 0

57

NONHANUFAC TURING — ———
—
—

4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straight-tim hourly earnings for selected occu ation stu ied o an area basis by in stry division, T p S Petersburg, Fla., N
e
p
s d
n
du
am a—t.
ovem 1 7 )
ber 9 1
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
M ean2

Median^

Middle range ^

I
t
1 ------ $
$
*
t
*
%
t
t
*
i
*
t
1 ------ 1 ------ *
%
t
t
*
Under 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 .4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .60 3 .8 0 4 .00 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 .6 0 4 . 8 0 5. 00 5 . 2 0 5. 40 5 . 6 0 5. 8 0
and
$
2 . 1 0 under
2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2. 8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 . 4 0 3 .6 0 3 .80 4 . 0 0 4 . 20 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4. 8 0 5. 00 5 .2 0 5 . 4 0 5.60 5. 8 0 6 .0 0

M
EN
$
3 .8 0

$
3 .8 5

3 .6 4

3 .8 3

177
27

4 .2 8
4 .2 4

4 .1 5
4 .0 5

4 .5 6

5 .2 3

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

123
74
49

4 .1 5
4 .4 5
3 .7 0

3 .7 9
4 .2 9
3 .3 9

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------—

103
45

2 .7 6

58

2 .9 4
3 .0 5
2 .8 5

2 .7 4
2 .7 7

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

8
6
8
6

3 .5 5
3 .5 5

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

4 .4 6
4 .3 9

4 .7 6

3 .7 9 -

4 .8 6

-

71

4 .8 1

3 .7 6 -

4 .8 7

”

600
124
476

3 .7 6

3 .8 2

3 .2 0
3 .9 0

2 .9 7
3 .8 8

3
2
3
3

4 .1
3 .8
4 .2
5 .3

-

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

53
35

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

204

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

----------------------------------

8
8

$
3 .3 3 2 .3 0 -

$
4 .5 6
3 .8 9

3 .7 5 3 .7 5 3 .2 9 -

5 .0 3
4 .8 8
5 .2 8

3 .3 4 3 .5 6 -

4 .8 9
5 .6 4

3 .3 2 -

4 .1 2

2 .2 7 2 .2 4 2 .5 5 -

3 .8 4
4 .1 4
3 .0 4

9
4
5

2
2

22
15
7

“

*

6
6

21
5
16

3 .7 0

3 .4 3 -

3 .8 6

_

-

-

3 .4 3 -

3 .8 6

*

*

-

3 .7 0

8
8

_

-

PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------

194

4 .2 6

4 .1 3

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

566
436
130

4 .0 5
3 .9 7

3 .9 7
3 .9 5

4 .3 2

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------

26

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

S fo tn tes at e d o tables.
ee o o
n f




.1
.6
.4
.1

3
0
0
5

-

9
0
6
2

2
2

“

_

-

“

-

-

3
-

6
5

2
~

-

_

_

6

_

_

10
10

13
13

6

12
11
1

1

_

_

“

_

-

9
9

16
16

6
6
~

16
5
11

-

9
9

3
3

1
1

1
1

*

11
11

2
2

9
9

-

6
6

19
19

34
34

*

-

_

3
3

19
19

4
4

19
7
12
12

128
17
111
23

40
13

_
“
7
-

7
-

9
9

7

7

-

75

4 .6 0

4 .9 0

75

4 .6 0

4 .9 0

4 .3 2 4 .3 2 -

4 .9 9
4 .9 9

4
4

2
2

*

27
27

10
10

*

*

2
2
2

91

3
3

19
2

28
28

22
10
12
-

4
3
1
“

-

28
17
11

35
22
13

132
129
3

5
5

26
4
22

1
1
*

74
41
33

115
115
-

-

1

-

1

1

3

-

5

5

-

-

6

-

5
5

3
3

4
4

5
5

10
10

6
6

-

27

_

8
8
“

1
1

-

4
4
16
16

17

4
4

19
10
9

-

-

_

22
21
1

-

4 .4 7

17

20
20

-

3 .6 3 -

40

24
22
2

22
20
2

-

3 .8 5

-

5
5
*

30
30

19
15
4

-

4 .0 4

14
7
7

-

-

65
6
59
-

*

“

_

12
12

*
“

45
4
41
22

12
12
*

4 .3 8

29
29

2
2

31
29
2
-

-

-

20
20

2

23
7
16
11

_

-

36
9

13
13

33
23
10
10

5
5
“

4 .8 0
4 .8 1
4 .7 9

“

-

10
10
10

*

3 .5 5 3 .4 4 3 .7 4 -

12
12

6
6

2
2

2
2

18
18

2
2

10

1

24
15
9

-

91
91

_
-

-

*

16
16

8
8
“

-

_
“

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

25
25

~

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

4

-

27
27

15
15

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

12

T a b le A -5 .

C u stod ial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations

(Average straight-tim h
e ourly earnings for selected o p n stu ied o a area basis by in stry division, T p S Petersburg, Fla., N
ccu atio s d
n n
du
am a—t.
ovem 1 7 )
ber 9 1
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings

Hourly earnings3

S ex , occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

t
t
t
*
$
$
$
*
$
S
$
$
$
t
S
$
t
t
$
%
%
$
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.A0 2 .50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.A0 3.60 3.80 A.00 A.20 A.A0 A. 60 A.80 5.00
M ean2

Median^

Middle range

*

and
under

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.A0 2.50 2 .60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.A0 3 .60 3.80 A. 00 A.20 A.A0 A.60 A. 80 5.00 5.20
MEN
1,128
165
963

$
1.85
2.5A
1.73

$
1.73
2.A9
1.71

$
1.662.A11.65-

112

2.71

2.57

2.A6- 3.18

53

2.18

2.25

1.98- 2.A8

1,280

2.05

1.92

1.72- 2.28

263

253

105

106

256

225

84

2.25

1.70- 2.10
1.98- 2.7A

98
17

70

87
23

$
1.88
2.72
1.78

A6A

3A5

A9

A59

3A5

A9

6A
11
53

15

15

22

15

13

A7
44

A1

28
28

16

“

GUARDS
33

2A

16

28

WATCHMEN

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS ---

27A

2.57

2.28

11

2.01- 2.81
2.12- 3.60
2.00- 2.72

81
36

65

6A

79

58

39
10

51

113
113

67

115
1
11A

113
A3
70

1A7
39
108

58
16
A2

13

1^
1
J1

2.71

2.57

2.14- 3.28

6

1

12

90
80

2.05
2.02

1.99
1.98

1.86- 2.23
1.86- 2.16

16
15

18
18

13
12

KtLtI ¥ INo LLcKRj
AT
65

2 98
3.12

2.25- 3.33
2.27- 3.16
2.23- 3.36
2.74

2.23- 3.82

A.29

2.0A

1.87- 2.28

21

39

AA

153

161

26
21

ii

130

58

61

37

29
23

3A
21
13

12

15

22

89

16

89

52
13
39

10

125

70

11
10

22

18
10
8

-

-

*

*

A

18
18
~

-

”

1
1

6
6

2

12
12

13

17
1A

10

*
-

10
117

128

137

127

82

71

82

149

19
15

w

24

A3

21

24

8

3AA

8

82
10

-

*

~

86
69
17

22

-

2

1
217

2

15

27

j
j

18
10
8
175

31
17
1A

13

2

8

2.96- 5.16

2.16

547

3*00
5.12

8

16

3AA

32

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
12

38

3A

35

xz

262

62
a„

i

10

15

”

14

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
48

38
1

8
47

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) ----------- --------

788

3.A1

3.38

2.53- A.11

9

i

-

63

18

8

A0

25

21

38

28
28

17

56

88

6A

3

64

26

12

55

123

156

8
-

15
15

5

-

-

156

116

*

55

116

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
532

NONMANUFAC TURING

2.8A

2.30- 3.00

317
92

3.31

2.78

2*18
3*95
2.72- a I2B

52A
506

1.72
1.71

1.68
1.68

1.6A- 1.80
1.6A- 1.80

23

f

A9

36

20
18
18

125

20

72
17

16
16

31
A2

8

93
93

8

11

A6
2A
22
22

i

WOMEN
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --NONMANUF ACT URING

S fo tn tes a e d of tables.
ee o o
t n




326
326

67
56

A2
A2

5A
52

18
18

9
8

2

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t practices and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e provisions

T a b le B -1 .

M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o rk e rs

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary fo r selected categories
of inexperienced women office w o rk ers, Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., November 1971)
Other inexperienced clerica l workers 5

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-time sa la ry 4

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

A ll
industries

Based on standard weekly hours6 of—

A ll
industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

Establishments studied_________________________________

145

54

XXX

91

XXX

145

54

XXX

91

XXX

Establishments having a specified minimum_______________

27

10

9

17

13

48

17

15

31

25

under $62.50_________________________________
under $65.00_______________________ _________
under $67.50_________________________________
under $70.00_________________________________
under $72.50_________________________________
under $75.00_________________________________
under $77.50_________________________________
under $80.00________________________________
under $82.50________________________________
under $85.00_________________________________
under $87.50_________________________________
under $90.00_________________________________
under $92.50_____________________ ___________
under $95.00_________________________________
o v e r _________________________________________

1
6
3
2
5
3
1
2
2
1
1

_
2
2
3
1
2
-

1
2
3
1
2
-

1
4
3
2
3
1
1
1
1

_
3
3
1
3
1
1
1

1
13
1
8
4
6
3
1
4
3
1
1
1
1

_
4
1
2
2
1
3
3
1
-

3
1
2
2
1
2
3
1
-

1
9
1
8
3
4
1
1
1
1
1

_
8
1
7
2
3
1
1
1
1

Establishments having no specified m inim um -----------------

5

2

XXX

3

XXX

11

6

XXX

5

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category____________________________________________

113

42

XXX

71

XXX

86

31

XXX

55

XXX

$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$ 87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

See footnotes at end of tables.







T a b le

B -2 .

S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls

(Late-sh ift pay provisions fo r manufacturing plantworkers by type and amount of pay differential,
Tampa-St. Petersburg, F la., Novem ber 1971)
^Allj£lantwork£rs_in_manufactu;ring> !i00j3ercent^
jM
Percent of manufacturing plantworkers—
Late-shift pay provision

In establishments having provisions 7
fo r late shifts

Actually working on late shifts

Second shift

Third or other
shift

Second shift

Third or other
shift

Total_______________________________________

71.6

45.8

14.6

4.9

No pay differential fo r work on late sh ift-------

12.1

3.7

-

Pay differential for work on late shift________

59.5

45.8

10.9

4.9

Uniform cents (per hou r)--------------------

45.3

32.9

9.3

4.0

2 V2 cents_____________________________

1.3
2.6
3.9
2.9
21.4
4.4
2.4
3.3
3.1
-

1.3
-

.1
-

6.0
1.0
4.0
5.3
3.8
6.0
2.2
.7
2.6

.2
1.2
.4
4.8
.5
.8
.7
.8
-

Uniform percentage_____________________

9.7

9.7

1.6

.7

5 percen t_____________________________
10 percent------------------------------------15 percent-------------------------------------

1.9
7.8

8.5
1.2

.5
1.1
-

.7
-

Full day's pay fo r reduced hours----------

2.6

1.3

-

.2

Other form al pay differential____________

1.9

1.9

“

“

_

Type and amount of differential:

5 cents_____________ _______ _________
7 cents________________________________
8 cjents----------------------------------------10 cents_______________________________
12 cents---------------------------------------I 2 V2 cents------------------------------------14 cents_______________________________
15 cents______________________________
16 cents_______________________________
18 cents_______________________________
20 cents_______________________________
22 cents_______________________________

See footnote at end of tables.

-

-

.2
.8
1.2
.3
.9
.1
.4

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d

w e e k ly h o u r s and d a y s

(Percen t distribution of plantworkers and officew ork ers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of firs t-s h ift workers, Tampa-St. Petersburg, F la ., Novem ber 1971)
O ffice workers

Plantworkers
Weekly hours and days
A ll industries

A ll w orkers_________________________________

100

35 hours— 5 days— ___ _________________________
36 hours— 5 days_______
____________________
3 7 V2 hours— 5 days_____________________________
38 hours— 5 days________________________________
3834 hours— 5 days__________ _____ _____________
/
40 hours_________________________________________
5 days________________________________________
5 V2 days-----------------------------------------------6 days________________________________________
Over 40 and under 45 hours____________________
5 days_________________ ____________________
5 V2 days-----------------------------------------------6 days________________________________________
45 hours_______ _______-_____ ___________________
5 days________________________________________
5 V2 days---- ------------------------------------------47V2 hours— 5 V2 days___________________________
48 hours_______ ____________ ____ _____________
5 days________________________________________
6 days__________ ___ _________________________
50 hours— 5 days____________ ___________________
Over 50 hours-------------------------------- -----------5 days________________________________________
6 days________________________________________
7 days________________________________________

2
4
4
1
70
67
1
2
3
2

See footnote at end o f tables.




-

(9)
4
4

1
9
1
8
1
2
( 9)
1
1

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

100

100

2
7

-

-

-

70
70
3
3
5
5
-

94
89
5
4
4
-

15
2
2
77
74
3
1
(’ )
1
( 9)
( 9)
(9)

-

-

-

8
3
5
3
2
2

2
2
-

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

1
-

-

(9)
(9)
-

10

-

-

-

88
88
-

-

100
100
-

-

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

16

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

(P ercen t distribution of plantworkers and officew ork ers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F la ., Novem ber 1971)
Plantworkers

O fficew orkers

Item
A ll industries

A ll w orkers_________________________________
Workers in establishments providing
paid h olidays__________________________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid h olidays_______________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

83

89

91

99

99

97

17

11

9

1

1

3

2
1
3
1
25
(’ )
17
2
8
1
(!)
(’ )
13
(9)
7
1
1

1
3
17
22
3
5
1
(* )
16
1
17
2
2

-

(9)

-

35
4
_

(’ >
(!)
(9)
17
(9)
24
2
19
1
(9)
2
20
1
8
3
(9)

13
1
12
16
6
24
5
2

1
2
9
9
22
23
31
33
50
50
76
77
79
80
83

2
4
21
21
38
38
43
46
68
68
86
88
88
88
89

4
4
40
40
82
82
89
89
91
91
91
91
91

(9)
3
12
15
35
36
55
57
81
81
98
98
98
98
99

2
7
37
48
66
66
7
*8
81
90
90
98
99
99
99
99

Number of davs
1 holiday----------------------------------------------------2 holidays-------------------------------------------------3 holidays_______________________________________
4 holidays_______________________________________
5 h olidays-------------------------------------------------5 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
6 holidays_______________________________________
6 holidays plus 1 half day-----------------------------7 holid ays_______________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
7 holidays plus 2 half da ys_____________________
7 holidays plus 3 half da ys--------------------------8 holid ays_______________________________________
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s_____________________
9 holidays_______________________________________
10 holidays_______________________________________
11 holidays_______________________________________

~
2
7
42
-

9

9
3

3
“
7
40
47
(’ )
"

Total holiday tim e 1
0
11 days___________________________________________
10 days or m ore_________________________________
9 days or m o r e __________________________________
8 V days or m ore________________________________
2
8 days or m o r e __________________________________
7 V2 days or m ore----------------------------------------7 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------6V2 days or m ore________________________________
6 days or m o r e __________________________________
5 V days or m ore________________________________
2
5 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------4 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------3 days or m o r e __________________________________
1 day or m ore___________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




(’ )
(’ )
47
47
87
87
94
94
97
97
97
97
97

17

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t io n s

(Percent distribution of plantworkers an officeworkers in all industries an in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Tam S Petersburg, Fla., Novem
d
d
pa—t.
ber 1 7 )
91
Plantworkers

Officeworkers

Vacation policy
A ll industries

A ll w orkers_________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

91
88
2
2

87
83
5
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

9

13

-

-

-

-

10
13
2
3

19
15
1
-

_
28
-

6
34
9
3

11
43
4
-

_
42
-

1
62
1
25
3

70
17
-

_
30
70
-

_
23
(9)
74
3

_
25
75
-

_
24
76
-

1
28
4
55
3

_
46
8
34
-

_
11
89
-

_
7
1
89
3

_
17
1
82
-

_
8
92
-

1
13
3
67
1
3
3

_
24
8
46
i
9
-

_
3
97

_
8
1
75
6
9
-

_
4

-

_
3
( 9)
89
2
4
3

1
13
3
67
1
3
3

-

-

_

24
8
46
1
9

3

3
( 9)
89
2
4
3

8
1
75
6
9

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations_________
____________________
Length-of-tim e payment-------------------------Percentage payment_________________________
Other_________ ___ ___________________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations______________________________
Amount of vacation pay 1
1
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week--------------------------- ------------------------ 1
—
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks---------------------------2 w eeks_________________________________________
A fter 1 year of service
Under 1 week---------------------------------------------1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks______________________
2 w eeks_________________________________________
4 w eeks_________________________________________
A fter 2 years of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___________ _____ _______ ____ _____________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks---------------------------2 w eeks_________________________________________
4 weeks ______ ___________________________________
A fter 3 years of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week_______________________ ____________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s______________________
2 w eek s____ _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s._____________________
3 w eek s____________ _______________ _____________
4 w eek s_________________________________________

-

-

96
-

-

A fter 4 years of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week_____________________ _____ ________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks______________________
2 w eeks_________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eeks_________________________________________
4 w eeks_______ _________________________________

See footnotes at en of tables.
d



-

-

97
-

_

4
-

96
-

18

T a b le
(Percen t

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

distribution of plantworkers and officew ork ers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla. ,| Novem ber 1971)
Plantworkers

O fficew orker s

Vacation policy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation p a y 1 — Continued
1
A fter 5 years of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s______ _______________
2 w eek s______________ __________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s__________________________________________
4 w eek s__________________________________________

i
6
1
69
3
8
3

_
7
3
58
4
13
2

_
92
8
-

_

_

_

1
(9)
78
6
12
3

3
1
62
19
14
2

94
6
-

1
5
36
2
43
4
1

_
5
35
2
41
3
2

_
8
92
-

_
1
32
(9)
61
6
(9)

_
2
24
1
68
3
2

_
9
90
1
-

1
5
35
1
43
1
5
1

5
32
41
4
5
2

_
8
92
-

_
1
22
3
65
2
7
(9)

_
2
15
62
11
9
2

_
9
90
1
-

1
5
30
1
44
1
8
1

5
20

8

_
2
9

_
9

-

-

-

-

48
4
10
2

77
15
-

_
1
14
(9)
72
2
10
(9)

59
11
18
2

85
6
-

1
5
29
23
1
29
2

_
5
20
38
21
4

_
8
4
83
4

_
1
13
37
( 9)
47
1

2
9
35
49
5

9
3
88
(9)

A fter 10 years of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s________________________ _________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s_________ ______ ______
3 w eek s______ ____ _______________________________
4 w eek s----------------------------------------------------5 w eek s---------------------------------------- -----------.After 12 years o f service
Under 1 week________________________ ____________
1 week-------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s__________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s__________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eek s__________________________________________
5 w eek s-----------------------------------------------------

-

A fter 15 years o f service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s__________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eeks__________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------4 w eeks__________________________________________
5 w eeks__________________________________________
A fter 20 years of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eek s__________________________________________
3 w eeks_________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eek s__________________________________________
5 w eek s__________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




19

T a b le

B -5 .

P aid

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Percen t distribution of plantworkers and officew ork ers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Tampa^St. Petersburg, F la ., Novem ber 1971)
Plantworkers

O fficeworkers

Vacation policy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

2
9
35
_
46
7
-

9
3
_
88
(9)

_
9
3
_
•
88
(9)

Amount of vacation p a y 1
1— Continued
A fter 25 years of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eeks_________________________________________
3 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks______________________
4 w eeks_________________________________________
5 w eeks_________________________________________
6 w eeks________________________________________

1
5
28
20
1
34
2
n

_
5
20
33

_

4

_
1
13
30
(’ )
54
2
(9)

_

_

_

1
13
30
(’ )
52
4
n

2
9
35
_
38
16

-

8
4

-

-

26
4
-

83
-

Maximum vacation available*
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week___________________________________________
2 w eeks_________________________________________
3 w eek s----------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks______________________
4 w eeks----------------------------------------------------5 weeks —____ __________________________________
6 w eeks_________________________________________

i
5
28
20
1
34
3
n

* Estimates of provisions fo r 30 years of service are identical.
See footnotes at end of tables.




_
5
20
33
24
6

-

8
4
_
83
-

4

20

T a b le

B -6 .

H e a lt h ,

in s u r a n c e , a n d

pension

p lan s

(Percen t of plantworkers and officew ork ers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F la ., Novem ber 1971)
Plantworkers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
2

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Offi ceworkers
Public utilities

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

A ll w orkers_________________________________

100

100

Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown b elow ___________

96

100

95

99

100

98

91
52

93
66

92
85

97
59

97
74

98
71

65
37

72
54

42
34

79
45

76
55

54
27

60

48

72

84

86

87

36
17

36
27

14
14

36
17

53
32

8
8

22

21

28

56

73

49

12

2

38

14

"

33

16
9
92
44
92
43
86
40
73
29
7
2
51
36

11
8
98
65
98
61
91
57
59
32
9
3
47
41

2
2
95
84
95
84
95
84
92
84
4
4
70
63

42
16
97
43
97
41
94
39
91
37
11
5
76
47

44
23
100
49
100
38
99
37
80
28
12
2
65
53

1
1
98
67
98
67
98
67
94
67
4
4
78
49

L ife insurance---------------- ------------------Noncontributory plans ____ ______________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance------------------------------------------ _
Noncontributory plans______________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 1
3________________________
Sickness and accident insurance_________
Noncontributory plans_________________
Sick leave (fu ll pay and no
waiting period)__________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)____ ________ ________ Long-term disability insurance— -------------Noncontributory plans---------- -----------Hospitalization insurance____________________
Noncontributory plans____________________
Surgical insurance-------------------- - --------Noncontributory plans____________________
M edical insurance----------------------------------Noncontributory plans________ ______
Noncontributory plans____________________
Dental insurance_____________________________
Noncontributory plans________ - ____ Retirem ent pension______________
________
Noncontributory plans________ — - __

See footnotes at end of tables.




100

A ll industries

21

Footnotes
A ll

o f th e s e

s ta n d a rd fo o tn o te s

m a y n o t a p p ly t o

t h is

b u lle t in .

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e
at re g u la r and/or p rem iu m r a te s ), and the earnings corresp o n d to these w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each job by totalin g the
earnings o f a ll w o rk e rs and d ividin g b y the num ber o f w o rk e rs .
The m edian
design ates position — h a lf o f the em p lo yees su rveyed r e c e iv e
m o re than the rate shown; h alf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown. The m iddle
range is defined b y 2 rates o f pay; a fourth o f the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the lo w e r o f these ra tes and a fourth earn m o re than the h igher rate.
3 E xclu des p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
4 T h ese s a la rie s re la te to fo r m a lly establish ed m inim um starting (h irin g ) re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s that a re paid fo r standard
w ork w eek s.
5 E xclu des w o rk e rs in s u b c le ric a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r.
6 Data a re p resen ted fo r a ll standard w ork w eek s com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard w ork w eek s rep orted .
7 Includes a ll p lan tw ork ers in establishm ents c u rre n tly operatin g late sh ifts, and establish m en ts w hose fo r m a l p ro v is io n s c o v e r late
sh ifts, even though the establish m en ts w e r e not c u rre n tly operatin g late shifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 p ercen t.
9 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.
1 A l l com binations of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e amount a re com bined; fo r exam p le, the p ro p o rtio n o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g a
0
to ta l o f 9 days includes those w ith 9 fu ll days and no h a lf days, 8 fu ll days and 2 h alf days, 7 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s
then w e re cumulated.
1 Includes paym ents other than "le n g th o f t im e , " such as p ercen ta ge o f annual earn in gs o r fla t-s u m paym ents, con verted to an equivalent
1
tim e b a s is ; fo r exam ple, a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings w as co n sid ered as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re chosen a r b it r a r ily
and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p ro v is io n s fo r p ro g re s s io n . F o r exam p le, the changes in p rop ortion s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e
include changes in p ro v is io n s o c c u rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a rs . E s tim a te s a re cum ulative. Thus, the p ro p o rtio n e lig ib le fo r 3 w eek s' pay or
m o re a fte r 10 y e a rs includes those e lig ib le fo r 3 w eek s' pay o r m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a rs o f s e r v ic e .
1 E stim a tes lis te d a fte r type of b en efit a re fo r a ll plans fo r which at le a s t a p art o f the cost is borne by the e m p lo y er. "N o n co n trib u to ry
2
p lan s" include only those plans financed e n tir e ly by the em p lo y e r. E xcluded a re le g a lly re q u ire d plans, such as w o rk m en 's com pensation, so c ia l
s e c u rity , and ra ilro a d re tire m e n t.
1 Unduplicated to ta l o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sickness and accident insurance shown se p a ra te ly below . Sick le a v e plans a re
3
lim ite d to those which d e fin ite ly estab lish at le a s t the m inim um number o f d ays' pay that can be expected by each em p loyee.
In fo rm a l sick
le a v e allow ances d eterm in ed on an individu al basis a re excluded.







'

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may d iffer significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors: apprentices: learners; beginners: trainees: and handicapped, part-tim e, tem porary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
C LERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerica l work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b ille rs , machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
Class A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting clerica l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, cle rica lly processing com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore
class B accounting clerks.

B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, in ter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re ­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry o f figures on custom ers' ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedures, perform s one or m ore routine accounting clerica l operations, such as posting to
ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clea rly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness o f standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
CLERK, F IL E
F ile s , cla ssifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
cle rica l and manual tasks required to maintain file s. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number o f varied subject
m atter file s. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a small group of low er level file clerks.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and file s
ings or partly classified m aterial by
cro s s-referen ce aids. As requested,
wards m aterial. May perform related

Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fa m iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described under b iller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of tria l balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
P erform s one or m ore accounting cle rica l tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifyin g for cle rica l accuracy various types of rep orts, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing m ore complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of cle rica l methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the cle rica l processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fa m iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge o f the form al
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




unclassified m aterial by simple (subject m atter) head­
finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
locates clea rly identified m aterial in file s and fo r ­
cle rica l tasks required to maintain and service file s.

Class C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a­
terial; and may fi l l out withdrawal charge. May perform simple cle rica l and manual tasks
required to maintain and service file s.
C LERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers' orders fo r m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the follow in g: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o^ customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, P A Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on tim e or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data fo r oilers and plumbers.

23

24
COM PTOM ETER O PERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that o f statistical or other type of clerk, which m ay involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.

N O TE : The term "corporate o ffice r, " used in the lev el definitions following, refers to
those officia ls who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activities. The title "v ic e presiden t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p e r­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a c le rica l staff) are not considered to be
"corporate o ffic e r s " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or v e rify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 persons; or

Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting proce­
dures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a va riety of source documents. On occasion m ay also perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R efers to supervisor
problem s arising from erroneous item s or codes or m issing information.

2. Secretary to a corporate office r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, im m ediately below the corporate o ffic e r level, of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate office r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 persons; or

MESSENGER (O ffice Boy or G irl)
P e rform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m inor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle rica l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work o f the supervisor. Works fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P e rform s varied cle rica l and secretarial
duties, usually including most of the follow ing:
a. R eceives telephone calls, personal ca llers , and incoming m ail, answers routine in­
quiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the su pervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the su pervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays m essages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the
su pervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

Class A

3. Secretary to the head, im m ediately below the o ffice r lev el, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial r e la ­
tions, etc.)
a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e.g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of officia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or
5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) or a company that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one o f the specific level situations in the definition fo r class B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organiza­
tional segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; m2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent lev el
o f officia l) that employs, in all, few er than 5,000 persons.
Class D

P erform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other c le rica l and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " possess the above characteristics.
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:
a.

Positions which do not m eet the "personal"

b.

1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., few er than
about 25 or 30 persons); m2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, adm inistra­
tive o ffic e r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NO TE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)

Examples

Stenographers not fully trained in secreta ria l type duties;

secretary concept described above;

c. Stenographers serving as o ffice assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
m anagerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or sub­
stantially m ore complex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;

STENOGRAPHER
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May
also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe
from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, General).
N O TE : This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and perform s m ore
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secreta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, adm inistrative, supervisory, or specialized c le rica l duties which are not typical of
secreta ria l work.




Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain file s , keep simple records,
or perform other rela tively routine cle rica l tasks.

25
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TAB U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E O PERATO R (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain file s , keep records, etc,
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, proce­
dures, file s, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible cle rica l tasks such as maintaining followup file s; assembling m aterial for reports,
memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P erform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described fo r switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate fo r ca lls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs i f the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable fo r telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or i f complex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who
assist customers in placing calls.
SWITCHBOARD OPE RATO R -RE CE PTIO N IST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's tim e while at
switchboard.
TAB U LATIN G -M AC H IN E OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
preter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
A lso excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate
EAM equipment.

Class A . P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel w iring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are irregu lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
low er lev el operators in w iring from diagrams and in the operating sequences o f long and
complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
Class B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of la rg e r and m ore complex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrica l ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some w iring from diagrams. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C. Under specific instructiofis, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, fo r example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple w iring from diagram s, and do some filin g work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O PERATOR, G ENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written copy and do simple cle rica l work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a, varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TY P IS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterials or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials fo r use in duplicating processes. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore o f the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or responsibility fo r correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes m ost of the follow in g:
Studies instructions! to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, ;cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to co rrect operating problem s and m eet
special conditions; review s e rro rs made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or program er; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program .
For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:

COMPUTER O PERATO R— Continued
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e r r o r situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
programed co rrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of program s
with the ch aracteristics described fo r class A. May assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge o f the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in
running routine program s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May assist higher le v e l operator on complex program s.

Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with most of the following characteristics: New programs are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critica l importance to m inim ize downtime;
the program s are of complex design so that identification of e r r o r source often requires a
working knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to low er level operators.

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with most of the following characteristics: Most of the programs are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recurring basis; there is little or no testing

Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment. Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the precise in­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation




26
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the follow ing: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, m athematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions fo r machine to follow; tests and corrects program s;
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and p ro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts i f this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing em ployees, or program ers p rim a rily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which
require competence in all phases of program ing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps o f the problem solving routine;
plans the full range o f program ing actions needed to efficien tly utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this lev el, program ing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to low er level program ers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on rela tively simple
program s, or on simple segments of complex program s. Program s (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in p rior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex program s (as described fo r class A ) under close direction of a higher
lev el program er or supervisor. May assist higher lev el program er by independently p e r­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er lev el program ers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of program ing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. Receives close supervision on new
aspects o f assignments; and work is review ed to v e r ify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
Analyzes business problem s to formulate procedures fo r solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer program s. Work involves most of the follow ing:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c riteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in tria l runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective ov era ll
operations. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and programing should be cla s­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible fo r the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing em ployees, or systems analysts p rim a rily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
For wage study purposes,

systems analysts are classified as follows:

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problem s in­
volving all phases o f systems analysis. Problem s are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and m ultiple-use requirements of output data. (F o r example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
every item o f each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plica­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, i f
needed, fo r approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level systems analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
rela tively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. Problem s are o f lim ited
com plexity because sources o f input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F o r example, develops systems fo r maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described fo r
class A . Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is review ed fo r accuracy of judgment, compliance with in ­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the o verall system.
Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carryin g out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example,
may assist a higher le v e l systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher le v e l analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex item s having distinctive design
features that d iffer significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect o f each change on the details o f form , function, and positional relationships o f com ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory assistance. Completed work is
review ed by design originator fo r consistency with p rior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by low er level draftsmen.
Class B. P e rfo rm s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation o f m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: P repares working drawings of subassemblies with irregu la r shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities o f m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
D R A FTSM AN -TRACE R
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim a rily
consisting of straight lines and a la rge scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
P repares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during progress.

Work is closely supervised

ELEC TRO N IC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or systems by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following tasks: Assem bling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge o f the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use o f general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.

27
ELEC TRON IC TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, IN D USTRIAL (R egistered )

E lectronic equipment or systems worked on typ ically include one or m ore of the follow ing:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications systems, rela y systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; e le c ­
tronic computers; m iss ile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and m edical
measuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to i l l or
injured em ployees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the prem ises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production assem blers and testers, craftsm en, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairmen of such standard electronic equipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CAR PE NTER , MAINTENANCE

M ACHINIST, M AINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing;
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of m etal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required fo r his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELE C TRIC IAN , MAINTENANCE
P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the follow in g: Installing or repairing any of a variety of e le c ­
tric a l equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers,
m otors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the ele ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or
electrica l equipment; and using a variety of electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or ele ctrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b o iler-fe d water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIO N ARY BOILER
F ire s stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fir e by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPE R , M AINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trades, by perform ing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
M AC H INE -TO O L OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. F or
cross-industry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




M ECHANIC, AU TO M O TIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is­
assembling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills , or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various
assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair custom ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile repair shops.
M ECHANIC, M AIN TEN AN CE
Repairs m achinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the follow in g: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or fo r the production of parts ordered from machine shop> reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M ILLW RIG H T
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the follow in g:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw righ t's work norm ally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
P A IN TE R , M AIN TEN AN CE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface fo r painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

28
PA IN TE R , M A IN TEN AN CE— Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE— Continued

holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

up and operating all available types o f sheet-m etal working machines; using a va riety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing,, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TEN AN CE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
co rre ct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven machines: assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressu res, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin ­
ished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems are excluded.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AIN TEN AN CE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the follow in g: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications; setting

TO O L AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage m aker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs,' fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the following; Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a va riety o f tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescrib ed tblerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

PAC KE R, SHIPPING— Continued

Guard. P e rform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arm s or fo rc e where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds o f prem ises periodically in protecting property against fir e ,
theft, and illeg a l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEAN ER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an o rd e rly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the follow in g: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tures or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using ex celsior or other m ateria l to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SH IPPING AND RECEIVING C LERK
P repares m erchandise fo r shipment, or receives and is responsible fo r incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves; A knowledge o f shipping p ro ­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves; V erifyin g or directing others in verifyin g the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and file s.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

LABORER, M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehouseman or warehouse helper)

shelver; trucker;

stockman or stock helper;

TRUCKDRIVER

A w orker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freigh t cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
custom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-th e-road d rivers are excluded.

ORDER F IL L E R

follows:

(O rder picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders fo r finished goods from stored merchandise in a ccord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to fillin g orders and indicating item s fille d or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

F or wage study purposes, tru ckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
Tru ckdriver
Tru ckdriver,
Tru ckdriver,
Tru ckdriver,
Tru ckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under 1Vz tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires
the placing o f item s in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing:
Knowledge of various item s o f stock in order to v e r ify content; selection of appropriate type




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F o r wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Tru cker, power (fo rk lift)
Tru cker, power (other than fo rk lift)

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t
The follow ing areas are surveyed p e rio d ic a lly fo r use in adm inistering the S ervice Contract A ct of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any o f the BLS regional o ffic e s shown on the inside front cover.

Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A sh eville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, G a —
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B ak ersfield , C alif.
Baton Rouge, La.
B iloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, M iss.
B ridgeport, Norw alk, and Stam ford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
C la rk s v ille , Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.— la.
A
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth-Superior, Minn.—W is.
Durham, N.C.
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
Fargo— oorhead, N. Dak.—
M
Minn.
F a yetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg— e o m in s te r, M ass.
L
F o rt Smith, A rk.—
Okla.
F re d e ric k —
Hagerstown, M d .- P a —W. Va.
Great F a lls , Mont.
Greensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
H arrisbu rg, Pa.
Huntsville, Ala.
K n oxville, Tenn.

Copies o f public releases are

Lared o, Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Low er Eastern Shore, M d.-V a.
Macon, Ga.
M arquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a rie, Mich.
M eridian, M iss.
M iddlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Som erset
Cos., N.J.
M obile, A la ., and Pensacola, Fla.
M ontgom ery, A la.
N ash ville, Tenn.
New London—
Groton—
Norw ich, Conn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, C alif.
Panama City, F la.
Pine Bluff, A rk.
Portsm outh, N.H.—
Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, N ev.
Sacramento, C alif.
Santa B arbara, C alif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield-C hicopee—
Holyoke, M ass.—Conn.
Stockton, C alif.
Tacom a, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C alif.
Wichita F a lls , Tex.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J —
Md.

The eleventh annual rep ort on salaries fo r accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, d irectors o f personnel,
buyers, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en, and c le ric a l em ployees. O rder as BLS Bulletin 1693, National
Survey o f P ro fessio n a l, A dm in istrative, Technical, and C le ric a l Pay, June 1970, $1.00 a copy, fro m the Superintendent o f Documents,
U.S. Government P rin tin g O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any o f its region al sales o ffic e s .




☆

U.

S.

G O V E R N M E N T

P R IN T IN G

O F F IC E :

1 9 7 2 -7 4 5 .1 0 2 /5 5




A r e a W a g e S u rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d ire c to ry of area waee studies i n r lu H in o mm-e
,
,
the request of the Employment Standards Adm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased1from the
^ Y n s ^ e front c o ^ T r ^ 6 8'
Governm ent Prin tin g O ffice. Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on

A re a
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1
---------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—T roy, N .Y ., M ar. 1971 1________
Albuquerque, N. M e x ., M ar. 1971____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.—
N.J., M ay 1971__
Atlanta, Ga., May 1971 ----------------------------------------B altim ore, M d „ Aug. 1971--------------------------------- _
Beaumont— o r t Arthur—Orange, T ex ., May 1971 1___
P
Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1971 1________________________
Birm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1971 1 ----------------------------B oise City, Idaho, Nov. 1971--------------------------------Boston, M ass., Aug. 1971______________________________
Buffalo. N .Y ., Oct. 1970 1-------------------------------------Burlington, Vt., Dec. 1971------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, M ay 1971---------------------------------------Charleston, W. V a ., M ar. 1971________________________
Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1971------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.-G a., Sept. 1971___________________
Chicago, 111., June 1970---------------------------------------Cincinnati, O hio-Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1971 1_______________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971---------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1971----------------------------------D allas, T ex ., Oct. 1971----------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111.,
_—
Feb. 1971— --------------- -------------- -—.__— --- _______
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1970 1-------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1970-------------------------------------Des M oines, Iowa, May 1971--------------------------------D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1971 1-----------------------------------F o rt Worth, T ex ., Oct. 1971----------------------------------Green Bay, W is., July 1971----------------------------------G reen ville, S.C., May 1971 1--------------------------------Houston, T ex., Apr. 1971 1 ----------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1971--------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1971 1 ___________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 19701________________________
Kansas City, M o.-K ans., Sept. 1971 ----------------------Law rence— averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1971________
H
N
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1971____ _
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnarGarden G rove, C a lif., M ar. 1971 1 __________________
L ou isville, K y .-In d ., Nov. 1971 1--------------------------Lubbock, T ex ., M ar. 1971 ------------------------------------M anchester, N .H ., July 1971--------------------------------Mem phis, T en n .-A rk ., Nov. 1970--------------------------M iam i, F la ., Nov. 1971.----1
----------------------------------Midland and Odessa, T ex ., Jan. 1971_________________
M ilwaukee, W is., May 1971---------------------------------M inneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1971_______________

Bulletin number
and p rice
1685-87, 40
1685-54,
1685-58,
1685-75,
1685-69, 40
1725-16, 35
1685-68,
1725-6,
1685-63, 40
1725-27,
1725-11
1685-43,
1725-25,
1685-71,
1685-57,
1685-48,
1725-14,
1660-90,
1685-53, 45
1725-17,
1725-19,
1725-26,

1685-51, 30 cents
1685-45,
40cents
1685-41,
35cents
1685-70,
30cents
1685-77,
50cents
1725-21, 30 cents
1725-3,
30cents
1685-78,
35cents
1685-67,
50cents
1725-23, 30 cents
1685-39,
35cents
1685-37,
35cents
1725-18,
35cents
1685-83,
30cents
1725-4,
30cents
1685-66,
1725-29,
1685-60,
1725-2,
1685-30,
1725-28,
1685-40,
1685-76,
1685-44,

50cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
35 cents
40cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
cents
cents
35cents
35cents
cents
30cents
40cents
50cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
60cents
cents
40cents
30cents
35cents

Area
Muskegorr-Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1971___
Newark and J e rs e y City, N.J., Jan. 1971___________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1971_______________________
New O rleans, L a ., Jan. 1971 1______________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1971__________________________
Norfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
,
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1971 1 ____________ 4____________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1971 1__________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1971 1 ___________________
P a te rs o n -C lifto n -P a s s a ic , N.J., June 1971_________
Philadelphia, P a .—
N.J., Nov. 1970___________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1971___________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1971*_________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1971 1____________________
Portland, Oreg.-Wash., May 1971_____________
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.—
Mass.,
May 1971 1 ________________________________ _____
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1971_______________________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1971__________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s o n ly ),
J u ly 1971 1 _______________________________________________
R o c k fo r d , 111., M a y 1 9 7 1 _______________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1971 1______________________
S a lt L a k e C it y , U tah , N o v . 1971________________ ~
San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1971 1________________________
San B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
D e c . 1970 1________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 __________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O c t. 1970__________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1971 1_________________________ _
S a van n ah , G a ., M a y 1971_______________________________
S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1 9 7 1 _______________________________
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan . 1971 1__________________
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1971_______________________
South B e n d , In d ., M a r . 1971____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., June 1 9 7 1 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1971 1 ____________________________
T a m p a - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1971 1__________
T o le d o , O h io — ic h . , A p r . 1971 1______________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J ., S ep t. 1 9 7 1 __________

Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1971 1 _______________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., Apr. 1971______________
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1971________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1971____________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1971____________________________
Worcester, Mass., May 1971____________
York, Pa., Feb. 1971______________________
_______
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1970_______________

Bulletin number
and price
1685-82,
1685-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1685-89,

30
40
30
40
65

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-46,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1685-49,
1725-22,
1685-85,

35
35
35
35
50
30
50
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,

40 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1725-24,
1685-81,

35
30
50
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-42, 40 cents
1685-20, 30 cents
1685-23, 40 cents
1725-15, 35 cents
1685-72, 30 cents
1725-1,
30 cents
1685-52, 35 cents
1725-30, 25 cents
1685-61, 30 cents
1685-88, 30 cents
1725-10, 35 cents
1725-31, 35 cents
1685-74, 40 cents
1725-12, 30 cents
1725-9,
35 cents
1685-56, 40 cents
1685-55, 30 cents
1725-20, 30 cents
1685-64, 30 cents
1685-73, 30 cents
1685-50, 30 cents
1685-24, 30 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212

FIRST CLASS MAIL

r
POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
U .S .M A IL

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
P E N A L T Y FOR P R IV A T E USE, $30 0




J


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102