View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Dayton t Montgomery
Public Library

FEB 211972

DOCUMENT COLLECTION

AREA WAGE SURVEY
rh e C le v e la n d , O h io , M e t r o p o l it a n A r e a ,
„
S e p t e m b e r 1971

Bulletin 1 7 2 5 - 1 7
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 0 2 2 0 3
Phone: 22 3-6 7 6 1 (Area Code 61 7)
Region V

N ew Y o rk , N .Y . 10001

1317 F ilb ert S t.

1371 Peachtree S t. N E .

Phone: 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (A rea Code 212)

Philadelphia, Pa. 19 107

A tla n ta , Ga. 3 0 3 0 9

Phone: 5 9 7 -7 7 9 6 (Area Code 215)

Phone: 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (Area Code 404)

Region V I

Regions V II and V III

Regions IX and X
4 5 0 Golden Gate Ave.

8th Floor, 3 0 0 South Wacker Drive

1 1 00 Commerce S t., Rm . 6B 7

Federal O ffice Building

Chicago, III. 6 0 6 0 6

Dallas, T e x . 7 5 2 0 2

911 W alnut S t., 10th Floor

Box 3 6 0 1 7

Phone: 3 5 3 -1 8 8 0 (Area Code 31 2)

Phone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (Area Code 21 4)

Kansas C ity , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
Phone: 37 4-24 81 (Area Code 816)

San Francisco, C alif. 9 4 1 0 2

* Regions V II and V I I I w ill be serviced by Kansas C ity .
**

Regions IX and X w ill be serviced by San Francisco.




Phone: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area Code 415)

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 1 7
F e b ru a ry 1 9 7 2

;sn u.s.

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

B U R EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e C le v e la n d , O h io , M e tr o p o lita n A r e a , S e p t e m b e r 1971
CONTENTS
Page

1.
4.

Introduction
Wage trends for selected occupational groups
T a b le s :
1. Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational
groups, and percents of increase for selected periods

3.
5.

6

.

A.

.

10
13.
14.
16.
18.
19.

20.

.

21
23.

Occupational earnings:
A -l.
Office occupations—
men and women
A - l a . Office occupations— rg e establishments—
la
men and women
A -2 .
Profession al and technical occupations^men and women
A -2 a . Profession al and technical occupations—large establishments—
men and women
A - 3.
Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined
A -3 a . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
large establishments— en and women combined
m
A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations
A -4 a . Maintenance and powerplant occupations—large establishments
A - 5.
Custodial and m aterial movement occupations
A -5 a . Custodial and m aterial movement occupations— rg e establishments
la

27. Appendix.

Occupational descriptions




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 04 02 —Price 4 0 cents

P re fa c e
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occupa­
tional wage surveys in m etropolitan areas is designed to provide data
on occupational earnings, and establishment practices and supplemen­
tary wage provisions. It yields detailed data by selected industry
division for each of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and
for the United States. A m ajor consideration in the p rogram is the
need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages by occupa­
tional category and skill level, and (2) the structure and level of wages
among are a s and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area bulletin p re ­
sents the resu lts. A fte r completion of a ll individual area bulletins
for a round of surveys, two sum m ary bulletins are issued.
The first
brings data for each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bu l­
letin.
The second presents information which has been projected from
individual m etropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and
the United States.
Ninety areas currently are included in the program . In each
a re a , information on occupational earnings is collected annually and on
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions biennially.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in Cleveland,
Ohio, in September 1971. The Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a ,
as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (fo rm e rly the
Bureau of the Budget) through January 1968, consists of Cuyahoga,
Geauga, Lake, and Medina Counties.
This study was conducted by the
B ureau's regional office in Chicago, 111., under the general direction
of Lois L. O rr, Assistant Regional D irector for Operations.




N o te :
Sim ilar reports are available for other a re a s.
back cover.)

(See inside

Current reports on occupational earnings and supplemen­
tary wage provisions in the Cleveland are a are also available for
m achinery manufacturing (Novem ber 1970); nonferrous foundries
(June 1970); paints and varnishes (N ovem ber 1970); special dies,
tools, jigs and fixtures (Novem ber 1970); and on earnings only
for selected laundry and dry cleaning occupations (September
1971). Union wage rates, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for building construction; printing; local-tran sit
operating em ployees; local truckdrivers and helpers; and g ro cery
store employees.

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s co n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e la t e d b e n e f it s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is
too s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is
p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
E a rn in g s
d a ta not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in the
o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h e n a s u b c la s s if i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not s h o w n o r in f o r m a t io n to s u b c la s s i f y is not a v a i la b le .

T h is b u lle t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t io n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s in the la s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t io n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r stu dy . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts an d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t in g u n u s u a l ch a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o se h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , an d la t e s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l lo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
c lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l
o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the
n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e ­
m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se o c c u p a tio n s h a v e
b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w it h in s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e se s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th e y ten d to fu r n i s h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f
the b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e .
C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a f fe c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r lo w -w a g e fir m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h -w a g e w o rk e rs m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ifts in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e ev e n
th o u gh m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le 2, a r e b e t t e r
i n d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t .
E s­
t im a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o se b e lo w the .m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s

an d E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f the
fo llo w i n g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t ; an d (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to tak e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w it h in the s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e li s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d ix .
U n le s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a t e d ,
the e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w i n g the jo b t it le s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m ­
b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d ,
o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w it h in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w i d e e s t i ­
m ates.
In d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d jo b
s ta ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u te d i f f e r e n t ly to the e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h i p o b t a in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w it h in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New Yorit State in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b li s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the a c t u a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o lle c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only) Rochester (office occupa­
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e ly w it h in
tions only); Syracuse; and U tica—
Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n .
J o b d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
65 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U .S. Department of Labor.




1

2

e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a li z e d th an th o se
u s e d in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d a l lo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b li s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b li s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the stu d y an d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l ly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b li s h m e n t s , the e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t obta in ed fro m
the s a m p le o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e la t iv e
i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a f fe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d a ta .




E s t a b l is h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

an d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u la t io n s on s e le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u lle t in .
In fo r m a t io n f o r t h e s e t a b u la t io n s is
c o lle c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e s e t a b u la tio n s on m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ;
p a id h o li d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ;
an d h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u lle t in s
f o r th is a r e a .

3

T a b le

1.

E sta b lish m en ts

and

w orkers

w ith in

scope

of

survey

and

num ber

stu d ied

in

C levela n d , O h io ,1

b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,2S e p t e m b e r 1971

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m en ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ied

S tu d ied
N u m ber

P ercen t

A l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s
A l l d iv is io n s ----------------------------------------------

_

1 180
,

314

382,879

10
0

246,485

M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------- ---------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l it ie s 5___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _____________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 6______
-------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s 7 8

10
0

495
685

145
169

222,939

58
42

145,348
101, 137

29
34
33
30
43

39,729
23, 733
50, 584
24, 316
21, 578

1
0
6
14

50
50

75
213
91
132
174

6
6

32, 967
7, 292
38,476
13, 864
8, 518

-

140

114

224, 874

10
0

206,966

500
-

8
6

6
8

54

46

1138, 122
86,752

61
39

126, 113
80,853

29, 638
3, 455
40,819
10,660
2, 180

13
2
18
5
1

29,638
2, 796
36,095
1 , 660
0
1, 664

-

10
0
50

10
0

159, 940

L a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
A l l d iv is io n s ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____ ____ ________________ N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s 5___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____ ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 6______
S e r v ic e s 7 8
---------------------------------------------------

500
500
500
500
500

1
2

1
2

5
25
8
4

4
19
8
3

1 The C le vela n d Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defin ed by the O ffic e o f M an agem ent and Budget (fo r m e r ly the Bureau o f the Budget)
through January 1968, co n s ists o f Cuyahoga, G eauga, L a k e, and M edina C ou nties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f stu dy" estim a te s shown in this
table p ro vid e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e inclu ded in the su rv ey .
The e s tim a tes a r e not intended,
h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a sis o f c o m p a riso n w ith o th er em p loym en t in dexes fo r the a re a to m e a s u re em p loy m en t tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning
o f w age su rv eys re q u ir e s the use o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advan ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2 ) s m a ll establish m en ts
a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the s u rv ey.
2 The 1967 ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual was used in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m en ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l outlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f com pan ies in such
in d u stries as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th eaters a r e co n s id e re d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu des a ll w o rk e rs in a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith tota l em p loy m en t (w ith in the a re a ) at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 A b b re v ia te d to "p u b lic u t ilitie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b les.
T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu ded.
L o c a ltra n sit o pera tion s and an e le c t r ic u t ility (su pplying le s s than h a lf the e le c t r ic it y consum ed in the C le vela n d a re a ) a r e m u n ic ip a lly owned and a re
exclu ded by d efin itio n fr o m the scope o f the su rv ey.
6 A b b re v ia te d to "fin a n c e " in the A - s e r i e s ta b les.
7 Th is in d u stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in e s tim a tes fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e rie s A ta b les.
S eparate presen tation
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s : (1) E m p loy m en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro vid e enough
data to m e r it sep ara te study, (2) the sa m p le was not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , (3) resp o n se was in su fficien t o r inadequate
to p e r m it sep ara te p resen tatio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al esta b lish m e n t data.
8 H o tels and m o te ls ; la u n d ries and oth er p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and park in g; m o tion p ictu re s;
n on p ro fit m e m b ersh ip o rga n iza tio n s (ex clu d in g re lig io u s and ch a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and en g in eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




A lm o s t tw o -th ird s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f the s u rv e y in the C le vela n d a re a w e re em p loy ed in m an u facturing fir m s .
fo llo w in g p resen ts the m a jo r in d u stry groups and s p e c ific in d u stries as a p ercen t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In d u stry grou ps

T ran sp ortation equipm ent_____________________________ 16
M a ch in e ry , ex cep t e le c tr ic a l________________________________15
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s tr ie s ___________________________________ 14
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts __________________________________ 13
E le c t r ic a l equipm ent and s u p p lie s _________________________ 12
C h em ica ls and a llie d p r o d u c ts _____________________________ 5
P r in tin g and publishing_____________________________________ 5

The

S p e c ific in d u stries
M o to r v e h ic le s and equipm ent_____________________________ 11
B la st fu rn a ce and b a s ic s te e l p ro d u c ts __________________ 6
A ir c r a ft and p a r t s __________________________________________ 5
M eta l stam pin gs_____________________________________________ 5
M eta lw o rk in g m a c h in e ry ___________________________________ 5

Th is in fo rm a tio n is based on e s tim a tes o f to ta l em p loy m en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv erse m a t e r ia ls co m p ile d p r io r to a ctu al su rv ey.
P r o p o rtio n s in v a rio u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m a y d iff e r fr o m p rop o rtio n s based on the re su lts o f the s u rv e y as shown in ta b le 1 a bove.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h an ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
an d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t in g 100 f r o m the in d e x y ie ld s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the da te o f
the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the in d ic a t e d d a te s . A n n u a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
s h o w n , r e f l e c t the a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w h e n the tim e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o th e r th an 12 m o n th s . T h e s e c o m p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s ta n t ra t e
betw e en s u rv e y s .
T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the a r e a .

s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e in d e x is the p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g
the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (1 0 0 ) b y the r e la t i v e f o r the n e xt s u c c e e d in g
y e a r an d c o n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r 's in d e x .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e la t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , an d
la te s h ift s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t jo b s w it h in
each gro u p .
L i m it a t io n s

o f D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u t in g
T h e in d e x e s
an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f lu e n c e d b y :
(1 ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r i t o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h i le in the s a m e jo b , an d (3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u lt in g f r o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , an d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h d i ff e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e iv a b le
that e v e n th o u gh a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g e s
m a y h a v e r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s ta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b ly b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the fo llo w i n g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s ta n t w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p :

O ffic e clerica l (m en and wom en): O ffic e cle ric a l (m en and w om en )— S killed maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-m achine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Clerks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (a u tom otive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file , classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Clerks, order
T o ol and die makers
class B
Clerks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Com ptom eter operators
Unskilled plant (m en):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (m en and w om en):
A and B
Laborers, m aterial handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
O ffic e boys and girls

T h e u s e o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f le c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t im e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lt i ­
p li e d b y the o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t , an d the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t io n s
in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a le d .
T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s
w e r e r e la t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the la t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt a n t r e la t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




4

T a b le

2.

In d exes

of

standard

w e e k ly

sa la rie s

and

s tra ig h t-tim e

C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 an d S e p t e m b e r 1971, an d

h o u rly

e a rn in g s

fo r

s e lected

p ercen ts o f in crea se fo r s e le c te d

A l l in d u stries
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en )

P e r io d

In du stria l
nurses
(m en and
w om en )

o c c u p a tio n a l

groups

in

p e rio d s

M an ufactu ring

S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en )

U n s k illed
p la n tw orkers
(m en)

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en )

In d u stria l
nurses
(m en and
w om en )

S k illed
m aintenance
tra d es
(m en)

U n s k illed
| plant w o rk e rs
(m en)

In dexes (S ep tem b er 1967»100)
S ep tem b er 1970- ---- - --------S ep tem b er 1971-----------------------------------------------

115.9
124.0

125.2
136.0

123.5
132.0

123.0
130.0

115.0
123.6

125.4
136.6

123.5
131.7

121.1
132.0

3.1
3.0
2.9
3.3
.9
4.1
4.4
5.4
9.1
7.3
7.1
8.9

3.1
2.8
3.4
3.0
.9
3.4
4.3
3.3
9.2
5.0
7.7
6.6

4.2
2.2
2.6
3.4
1.5
2.8
3.1
3.6
6.1
5.5
8.2
9.0

P e r c e n t s o f in c re a s e
S eptem b er
S ep tem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er




1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S ep tem b er
S eptem b er
S eptem b er
S ep tem b er
S ep tem b er
S ep tem b er
S eptem b er

1960______________
1961______________
1962______________
1963-----------------1964______________
1965______________
1966----------------1967----------------1968------- ---------— __
1969---1970______________
1971______________

4.0
2.6
2.7
2.5
1.4
3.1
2.3
4.0
4.9
4.8
5.5
7.0

3.1
3.0
2.9
3.3
.9
4.1
4.4
5.5
9.2
7.3
6.8
8.6

3.2
2.5
3.4
3.1
1.1
3.4
4.3
3.6
9.1
5.2
7.6
6.9

2.9
2.3
3.1
2.9
1.6
2.7
2.2
4.6
8.2
3.4
9.9
5.7

3.0
2.4
2.4
2.6
.5
2.9
2.3
4.5
4.0
4.5
5.8
7.5

6

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b le

A -1.

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s —m en

and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep tem b er 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N um ber of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—
t

Number
of
workers

*

$

t

t

weekly

*

f

%

(

»

*

(

*

S

$

$
$
t
I
$
$
180
190 200
210
220
230

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

60
and
under

65

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

65

S e x , occu p a tion , and in d u stry d iv isio n

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

230

over

10
4
6

18
4
14
1

47
24
23
15

15
11
4
3

41
27
14
2

54
32
22
9

36
24
12
8

37
23
14
5

47
34
13
13

21
17
4
3

9
6
3
3

2
2
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

4
1
3
3

3
2
1
1

4
4
-

and

HEN
$

$

$

fA rft
1t

i
in
16 9 00 1 7 i 00

62
*/ ?

, An

J7«0

-

-

-

-

“

6
3
3

-

23
1
22

37
20
17

19
9
10

11
7
4

14
9
5

4
4

8
8

1
1

—

24
15
9
9

15
13
2
2

_

1 00*00
• 50 1 AA AA

6

_

-

6

22

30

6
6

-

“

6
6

22
22

30
30

16
2
14
14

60
2
58
58

43
4
39
39

16
9
7
7

26
23
3
3

42
36
6
6

36
29
7
7

4
A

10
1
9
7

A
A
“

11
A
7
6

29
17
12
8

80
28
52
2
A0

51
11
40
2
33

58
15
43
9
28

10
3
7
3
”

4
2
2
l
1

6
2
4
4

15
2
13
13

2

1

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

e rt

_
~

*

^

Art

pnn
200
l
12J

_
-

-

)

nTn

-

i in * ? n
12^" 50 123 00

64

5

7

8

6

11

15

1

7

1

5

-

i

*

TA8ULATING—MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A - ’ -'

68

*

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 0

3 9 .0 1 6 S . 50 10 A . 00
AO.O 1 3 2 .0 0 12 3 .0 0

-

"

-

-

-

-

*

7

15

16

5

1

3

-

1

5

3

1

-

-

-

3
3
“

9
9
“

8
B
7

2
2
~

1A
1A
8

8
“

49
47
43

49
44
39

8
7
“

30
24
1

6
1

4
3

3
3

4
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

7
7

8
8

11
5
6

9
8
1

29
11
18

16
13
3

7
7

20
20

4
4
“

1

_

“

1

~

_

_

_
_

“

-

-

17
1
16
12

24
1
23
12

64
23
41
34

55
25
30
25

27
24
3
“

13
5
8
“

13
3
10
9

2
1
1
“

_

_

-

-

67
26
41
33

83
32
51
33

75
59
16
10

24
9
15
6

16
14
2

1
1

1
1

-

W EN
OM
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
1 /l/l

0

90 . 50

3 0 .5 0

8ILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
it

_

in * ? } \ t ’ i ?
^0*0 t Al KA 1 1 1 * 0 0
10 1*^ 0 1 1 1 AA

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
87
92

1 3 1 .0 0
I T *5
37 T

1 2 8 .5 0

119 * 0 0 -13 6*0 0

J J q* ^

118 * 00 118 *0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
151
ITTiuL L M L 1 HAUL
L .

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les.




3 9 .5

10 9 .5 0 1 1 1 .0 0

3 3 * ° 10 3*5 0 102*00

1 0 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0

-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
*
“

-

2
2

3
3

“
22
7
15

_

_
”
1
1

_

_
_

_
”

_

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

_

*

*•

“

-

-

-

_
-

“

_

T a b le

A -1 .

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s —m e n

a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occup ation s studied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O hio, S ep tem b er 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv ision

Number
of
workers

N um ber of w o rk e rs rec eivin g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs of—
*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

60
M“ n i

Median 2

Middle range2

$

I
65

t
70

1

t
75

80

S
85

S
90

t
100

t
110

t

$
120

130

$
140

$
150

$
160

S

t
170

180

S

*
190

200

t

$
210

220

and
under
65

230

and
70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

14
8
6
-

96
36
60

152
80
72

136
91
45

216

131

44

70
61

117
83
34

104

125
91

78
26

23

17

49
14

7

2
15

7

33
25
8
3

5
14

17
27
12

31
13
6
-

18

11

5

22

474
187
287
14

373
209
164

164
86
78
15

71
57
14

31
24

2

19

2

12
25

3
4
-

over

2

210

220

230

7

9

7
-

2

4
3
1

1
1
“

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
$
1 3 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS
MANUFACTURING------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---WHOLESALE TRA D E -----RETAIL TR A D E ----------FINANCE --------------------

1 ,0 7 9

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TR A D E -----------------------------

1 ,8 9 3

3 9 .0

925
968

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

80
207

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------FINANCE -------------------------------------CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------------------

649
430
134

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

I 3 5 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0

$
$
1 1 9 .5 0 - 1 5 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 - 1 5 9 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 4 7 .0 0

-

—

-

-

-

15
4

-

-

-

-

-

11
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

e i
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0
1 17 . 0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 - 1 4 5 .0 0

-

-

100

3 8 .0

1 3 2 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 4 7 .5 0

*

“

1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0

-

1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

-

2
2
-

1 10 . 0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

-

-

8 8 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0

-

-

*

*

-

-

296
293

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

118
86
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0
9 9 . 5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0

532

3 9 .0

9 7 .0 0

163
369

4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

210
393
54
339
60
162

CLERKS, OROER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

568
356

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------WHOLESALE TRAO E-----------------------RETAIL TR A D E -----------------------------

782
473
309

212
135

3
3
3
4

8 .5
9 .5
8 .5
0 .0

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

“
23
-

64

7

38
11
27
-

6
10

19
8

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
-

16
48
1
26

5

131
52
79
-

1
1
4
440
215
225

85

32
36

90
75

58
105

47

5

27

1
1

22
14

20
14
2

31
27
25

18
35
16

5
29

44

1
8

4

5

12
7
28

7

4
6

5
5
1

46

20

35

16
4

11
4
6

3
1

2
5
11
10
1
1
-

1
-

-

7
2

1
*“
-

—
-

-

-

*

“

5
5
-

-

-

“

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

13
10
10

1

4
4

3

-

4

25

24

3

18
7

22
2

1
2

6
4

9 5 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0

5

8 8 . 5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0

-

6
-

16

9 8 .5 0

4

26
13

5

6

12

13

10
24

108
20
88

158
42
116

94
18
76

27
10
17

8 7 .0 0 -

9 8 .5 0

-

-

8

7

12

58

86

34

99

77

36

9

2

-

15
84

14
63

16
20

1
8

1
1

-

24
36

12
21

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

5
5

1

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

55

-

1

1

-

2

5

100

8

9 3 .5 0
9 3 . 00

34

*

7 6 .5 0 8 2 .0 0 -

8 7 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

16
-

15

38

-

7 6 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 -

8 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

16
-

15
6

7 6 .0 0 -

8 5 .5 0

16

8

7
31
6
6

19

1

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 3 1 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0

3
-

8
-

3
1

4
-

44
35

49
48

117
82

89
61

3

8

2

4

9

35

28

92
29
63

50
8
42

64
51
13

-

1 1 5 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .5 0

-

“

*

“

1
1

11

12

58

36

13

*

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0

1

10

18

55

87
46
41

139

74

80

53

53

150
87
63

21

52
28

1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0

10

18

16

16

8
8
8
8
7

1
7
0
1
9

.5 0
.0 0
.5 0
.5 0
.5 0

100
12

5
5

14
13

1
1

1
1

-

67
54
13

42

20
18

5

2
1
1
1

-

1

-

-

2
2

1

-

-

-

“

1

*

”

“

7
7

8
8

8
8

-

-

-

—
-

-

_
-

-

*

5

16
15

*

15
14

.
-

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

102

4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0

-

6

-

6

-

15

1
21

«

6

3 9 .5

1 0 7 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0

8 8 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0

-

2

7

1

4

9

7

9

17

15
14

-

81

4

2

3

2

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRA O E -----------------------------

426

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0

_

_

2

12

25

17

86

-

-

-

4

59

1 0 8 .0 0

-

18
10

3 8 .5

-

9
7

-

1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

72
29

6

3 9 .5

80
40

25

191

59
13

235

9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0
9 8 . 5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0

2

12

25

13

27

46

40

43

2

2
4

-

148

3 7 .5

9 8 .0 0

9 8 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0

-

2

12

25

13

26

39

10

15

12
4

1

1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

993

3 9 .5

1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

7

23

167

284

54

53

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .0 0

102

167
117

58
56

27

30

24
24

-

2

3

27

23

4

1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0

1 1 9 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0

1 1 4 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0 - 1 3 1 .0 0

-

-

-

140

3 9 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

-

20

4 0 .0

-

5

4 0 .0

-

2

60
132

-

206
130
76

114

599
394

52
31

1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .5 0

See footn otes at end o f tables,




74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 1 5 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 4 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .5 0

2

14

-

-

2

14

-

-

-

1

-

8

10

10

-

29
26

-

21
1

65

2

86

13

5
17

6

8

5

17

31

50

7
14

11

3

15

14

4

16

28

33

41

13

7

2

14

17
25
16

-

2
2
-

4
3

1

1

2

3
3
-

*

-

_

-

-

—
-

-

—
-

-

8
T a b le

A -1 .

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s —m en

a n d w o m e n ------C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S ep tem b er 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , occu p a tion , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N um ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—

s
Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

s

s

s

*

s

70

75

80

85

90

100

$

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

230

over

20
12
8

218
59
159
27
35
26
62

323
98
225
71
49
22
74

202
73
12 9
9
45
18
54

95
33
62
19
28

36
13
23
20
1

27
26
1
1

25
9
16
15
1

58
12
46
46

33
32
1
1

6
5
1
1

-

“
-

-

-

*

_
-

$

/

r f\
\
•

J:

-

-

-

-

6
-

6
2

20
1
19
~

56
14
42
-

28
18
10
-

71
16
55
14

35
16
19
8

35
15
20
18

3
3
-

$

$

*

7
5
2
2

4
2
2
1
*

10

25
6
19
14

89
44
45

259
110
149
6
15
20
87

533
246
287
71
32
25
133

662
337
325
12
70
26
166

669
358
3 11
39
41
32
153

301

--------------------

3 0 0 103* 50 10 5 *5 0
3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0

3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0

-. _

9
•

^

___

^

* j!

177

0T9

5 2 5 *2 2

5 52* 22

13T
t ci
i/ i
J ; ; '

l 33% n

3 8* 0 1 3 '

-n
nn
nn
; ;

3*

, u

i nn 3n
133* 3A
i 31 3 n

5 0 13 0 *5 0

5 5 2 *2 2
'

'

3 Q *in 5 ^ 5 * 2 2

9 AO* c n

i a /* cn

Jr* i A/ n n i a i % n
39 0 11 3 * 00 138* 00
4 0 .0 1 3 9 .5 0 1 4 1 .0 0 1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 5 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1PA

to

•
39*3

i™3A*~no

9 0, * r«

1 JO*^n
ioo*cn

1
4

1
5

9
-

37

103

19

3

-

-

2
1
-

9
-

-

-

-

-

15
2
13
-

1

2 16

nn

i^ fl* ~3 n
i o f # cn

1175 0

3 7*^

117*50
7i n

3fl*^

I i / *nn
l 11 * nn

12 2 *5 0

307

KAUL

i nr

i 3 / *3 n

11 7 * 00
See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




5 ? !*? ?

10

211
104
107
3
21
10

424
281
143
22
22
10
72

287
176
111
53
18
14
17

169
124
45
17
4
4
18

87
63
24
4
8
12

106
80
26
17
5
2

31
20
11
3
2
6

30
8
22
7
3
1
11

25
12

143
74
69
16

151
77
74
7

116
81
35
10

87
61
26
6

33
14
19
13

6
2
4

6
1
5

1
3
50

7
4

2
1
15

40
24
16
4
1
-

8
9

3
-

2
3
-

20
15
5
2
1
2

63
45
18

10

2
-

11
11
-

11

2

1

-

-

20
19

31

10

3
-

2
2
-

_

1
-

11
11
-

1
-

3
-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

“

-

-

55

30

213

203
138

141
103

107
42

65
19

38

65

21
13

12
7

37

34

134
7

115
17

135
78
20

28

13

9

15

10

17
-

4

11
9

36

18

11

6

1

22
18

-

28

*

6

9

3

42

61

84

9
69

-

6
-

47
25

143
69

252
137

231
141

162
76

85
62

142

66

113

55

6

22
22

74
40

115
60

90
46

86
27

23

29

4

5
5
-

1

10

11
5

-

234
117

362

174

220

68

105

43

89

97

130
66

43

20
-

117

193

85

123

64

25

71
34

2
-

76

46

27

38

22

34

35
35

2

25

18

69

87

20

57

30

164

208
86

158

244

102

106

34

122
13
69

70
30

50

65
41

73
60

111

121
123
30
41

52

22

15
19

5

13

6

5

14

1

-

3

_

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

30

35

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
18
-

-

~

-

6

-

5

“

15

-

-

-

-

2

-

-2

57
47

525
350
17 5
38
28
12
64

-

-

5

299
184

566
348
218
33
30
21
93

3

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

2

3

165

12
53

“

-

“

1 1 8 00

9 no

18
“

39
8
36

166
75
91
14
8

-

9
14

~

5 12 *2 2

7ni
hfl

26
18

-

-

30 ^ 12 7* 50 12 7*0 0

13

1

-

3^0

2

-

-

1K A U L

299

36
67

208
87
121

12
4
8

-

-

126
28
98
“

5

-

* n
*

49
18
31
10
3
3
12

2
2
-

5
-

1

-

*

23
19

4

-

-

13

20
20

*

7A1

3
7
29

5 22*22

-

1 17

-

,.n 1A 1 * 30
-

1

9r
53

10
4
“

^0 0 154 *5 0 11 9 * 5 0

* ^

I

$

i n« ; n n
_ * _n

212

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS)

AL L

s

ii7 *c n

l n*" "A

2*1/

j

s

69
20
49
12
10
19

5 ? 2 *c 2

n
i

WIIUL L

$

CONTINUEO
io n

1L

$

and
under
65

W EN OM

$

65

8
2
6

60

8

-

22

169

53

3
45

8
8
23

8

13
-

2

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

-

“

~

-

“

-

-

2
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

51

_

32
19

-

1
-

-

1
-

_

1

_

-

1
-

-

-

-

9
T a b le

A -1.

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s —m en

a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division
workers

Num ber of w o r k e r s r ec ei vi n g s t ra ig h t -t i m e w e e k l y earnings of—
s

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

60
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

65

S
70

$

$
75

80

S
85

90

$
$
S
$
t
i
»
$
i
*
f
t
*
$
150
160
170
180
100
190 200 210 220
110
120
130 140
230

and
under
65

WOMEN -

$

t

and
70

75

80

85

90

100

11 0

120

130

140

150

180

190

-

—

—
-

—
-

1
1
-

32
11
21

37
17
20
17

34
19
15
2

20
13
7
1

13
11
2
-

32
10
22
20

8
7
1
1

7
7
-

-

38
38
20
“

11
3
8

46
7
39
13
3
18

50
18
32
5
5
22

50
21
29
15
2
2

22
14
8
2

5
3
2
2

5
1
4
4

2
4

44
5
39
“
5
11

14
14
8

66
27
39
18
12

180
62
11 8
57
31

192
119
73
29
17

72
28
44
22
4

71
31
40
33

27
21
6
6

7
6
1

10
5
5
5

6
6
6

3
3
-

-

-

_

_

4
4

18
18

12
12

11
11

18
18

“

3

6
6

58
23
35
16

70
22
48
23

50
21
29
10

45
17
28
9

10
9
1

5
4
1

8
7
1

19
4
15
1
4

149
68
81
19
25
18

237
116
121
29
21
45

17 7
63
11 4
13
16
58

149
93
56
12
5
27

119
45
74
4
14
56

51
22
29
5

45
38
7
5

318
70
248
29
183

623
169
454

41 9
119
300
27
142

211
117
94

81
50
31
5
1

40
17
23
1

9

160

170

200

210

220

230

ov er

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

184
96
88
41

$
$
$
?
3 9 . 5 130 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 . 5 0
3 9 . 5 1 3 3 .0 0 1 3 1 . 0 0 1 1 8 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 . 5 0
3 9 . 0 1 2 7 . 5 0 12 2 . 0 0 1 1 1 . 0 0 - 1 5 1 . 0 0
39 .5 136.50 150.50 1 1 7 . 50 -156 .50

-

—
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL T R A C E -----------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------

293
72
221
41
59
62

3 9. 0
39.5
39.0
4 0 .0
39.0
38.0

106.50
12 0.0 0
10 2. 00
1 2 2. 00
8 5 .5 0
10 8 .5 0

9 0 .5 0-12 3 .0 0
107.50
122.50 113.0 0 -130 .50
10 1.50
8 4 .50 -117.50
126.00 10 9.00 -12 9.5 0
82. 00
7 7 . 5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
10 9 .5 0 1 0 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 7 . 5 0

-

-

1
1
1
“

8
~

13

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION I S T S MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------------------------

685
317
368
188
72

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
37.0

1 04. 00 10 2. 00
10 7 . 0 0 1 0 3 . 5 0
10 2. 00
99 .00
1 0 6. 00 1 0 1 . 5 0
94.50
93.50

8
8
-

12
12
12

17
7
10
-

93.00-113.00
9 6 .50 -114 .50
91.0 0 -112.0 0
92 . 0 0 - 1 2 1 . 5 0
89.50-102.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

T YP IS T S , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




88
80

3 9 . 5 1 3 3 . 5 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 4 . 5 0
3 9 . 5 13 0 . 0 0 1 2 3 . 0 0 1 0 9 . 5 0 - 1 3 9 . 0 0

283
121
162
74

3 8 . 5 1 09. 00
39.5 112.00
3 8 . 0 1 06.50
3 7 . 0 10 0.0 0

107.00
10 9 . 5 0
106*00
101.50

95.0 0-120.50
94. 0 0 - 1 2 3 . 5 0
9 6 .5 0 -117 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -111.0 0

992
474
518
90
82
217

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

114 .50
117.5 0
113.00
1 0 9. 00
108.00
116 .5 0

103.50-130.50
104.00-132.00
10 3.0 0-129.50
10 1.50-127.50
98 .0 0 -119.0 0
10 7.00 -132.00

38.5
9 7 .5 0
96 .00
3 9 . 5 10 3. 0 0 1 0 1 . 0 0
38.0
94 .0 0
9 5. 0 0
40 .0
9 2 .0 0
91.50
92 .0 0
37.5
92 .5 0

88.00-106.00
92. 0 0 - 1 1 3 . 5 0
87.0 0 -103.00
8 6 .0 0 - 98 .00
8 6 . 0 0 - 99 .0 0

2, 04 0
616
1,424
185
861

118.00
1 2 0. 00
116.0 0
115 .5 0
109.50
1 1 B . 00

-

-

8
8

13
13

“

_

_
~

*

_

_
-

"

32
16
16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
4
4
-

-

-

-

-

—

“

*

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

38
2
36
12
18

106
14
92
12
78

178
39
139
18
92

1
1
“

77

297

4

50

“

—
-

—
-

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

•

-

2

-

-

_

'

"
_

-

—
«

5

2

2

*

12
11
1

-

2
11
9

25
10
15
1

1
1

-

2

2

-

-

1
1
1
-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

9

8
1

12
9
3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
T a b le

A -1a .

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m e n

and w o m en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
60

weekly
M ean*

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

r$
95

$
100

$
110

$

$
120

130

%

$
140

150

$
160

$
170

$
180

$
190

r
200

210

and
under
65

220

and
95

100

110

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

6
4

22
17

15

29

19

28

11
4

21
8

22
6

38
31

21
17

7

4

3

3

2

2

5

7

3

3

7

11

7

8

8

4

3

1

2
2

5

5

10

31

15

3

4

7

25

22
18

22
10
8

6

4

-

-

2
1

4

12
10
10

2

3
2

6
4

2
2

““

5

7

8

6

3

15

over

9
6

8

3

11
8
3

31
23

5

1

90

150

2

85

140

1

80

130

2

75

120

4

70

M
EN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

224
169
55
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

$
172.50
173.00
17 1.0 0
17 7.5 0

$
175.0 0
177.0 0
171.0 0
18 6. 00

$
$
153.50-194.00
153.00 -194 .50
155.00-195.00
158 .00 -199.0 0

11 8
91

4 0 .0 1 7 4 . 0 0 1 7 1 . 5 0
40 .0 1 7 3 . 0 0 1 7 1 . 0 0

MESSENGERS I0FFICE BOYSI ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LITIES -----------------------------

122
73
31

39.0 1 1 1 .0 0 107.00
95.00-120.50
96 .50 -131.00
3 9 . 0 1 1 3 . 5 0 10 8.0 0
4 0 . 0 1 3 5 . 0 0 1 4 6 .0 0 1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 5 3 . 5 0

50

1 5 8 . 5 0 1 5 6 .0 0 1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 7 6 . 5 0

91

39.0 104.50 10 1.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A

O
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

+

4 0 .0 1 3 7 . 5 0 13 8 .0 0 1 2 2 . 5 0 - 1 5 4 . 5 0

52

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

163.00-185.50
16 5.0 0 -183 .50

2
_

_

-

-

3

-

5

2

-

1

“

”

16
9

7
5

~

“

8

31

5
2

20
2

-

-

5

4

7

“

1

6

-

15

10
8

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

.

.

.

21
14

7
7

9

-

W EN
OM
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------

92.50 -116.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------RETAIL TR A O E -----------------------------

590
382
208
52

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .0

140.50
142.50
137.00
127.00

137.50 12 2.00 -159 .0 0
139.50 12 4 .0 0 -16 1.5 0
136.50 1 1 4 .5 0 -15 5 .5 0
126.50 10 7.50-148.0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

721
411
310
37
225

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

110.50
114 .50
1 0 5. 00
12 8 . 0 0
98. 50

104.50
10 9. 00
101.50
1 2 5 .0 0
97.50

93.50-121.0 0
95 .50 -131.50
9 1 .5 0 -116 .0 0
111.0 0 -14 9 .0 0
8 9.00-105.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

259
11 4
145
58

3 9 . 0 10 3. 0 0 1 0 1 . 0 0
3 9 .5 1 1 1 .5 0 109.50
3 8.5
96 .0 0
97 .0 0
3 7.5
94 .0 0
94.0 0

90 .0 0-114.00
94.00-131.00
8 7.0 0 -107.0 0
8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------

124
92
62

39.0
38.5
38 .0

86 .00
85 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

8 0 . 0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
78.00- 91 .5 0
80.00- 91.00

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

13 7
98

8 8.00 -141.0 0
3 9.5 118.00 1 1 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 2 6 . 5 0 1 2 7 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 5 0 - 1 5 6 . 0 0

8 5 .5 0
84 .00
8 5.0 0

2

3

12

13

12

19

14

10

3

1

i

_

_

_

_

4

-

70
32
38
14

47
25

81
65
16
8

104
61
43
4

72
52
20

62
37
25
4

61
38

130
68
62

121
69

52
24

36
25

31
24

28

11

7

7

2

20
16
4
3

32

8
12

31
25
6
4

11
10

52

5

1

*

“

5

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

“

-

2
1
1
1

7
7
-

-

2
2

-

2
2

3
-

21
9

85
47

81
46

12
—

28
-

38
-

35

-

3
-

32
9
23
-

60
32

-

3

12

19

28

36

1
31

8
46

7

12

31

33

27

18

20

24

3

14
17

13

10

18

l

2

5

8

22
2

1
«

20

10
17

64
17

2

-

5

6

3

-

-

-

1

3

5

6

3

6

9

5

-

~

"

-

4

12

16

12

-

1

25

28

24

22

8

7

2

-

1

25

5

6

1

-

1

14

13

4

3

8

3

1

14

10

4

-

1

-

8

10

4

1

4

4
3
1

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

-

-

_
-

-

—

-

“

-

-

1

-

3

2

7

2

7

1

“

15
13

13

-

19
16

7

23
5

1

-

6
6

-

5

5

16

2

4

2

3

2

-

46
29

69

25

9

18

6

29

13

7

10

2

17

40

12

2

8

4

10

15

4

1

1

-

2

4

1
6

_
-

2
2

12
12

25

13

14

12

2

12

25

13

14

12

-

4

21
20

33

17

-

2

11
2

17
3

42

29

9 8 .5 0 -128 .50
117.5 0 -14 7.0 0
8 9.5 0 -122.50
8 4.50 -10 7.50

4

10

17
19

7
7

8

39.0 11 6 .5 0 117.0 0
4 0 .0 1 3 3 .0 0 12 5 .0 0
3 8 . 5 10 7 . 0 0 10 4. 00
98.00
98 .5 0
3 7.5

1

13

9

37
27
10

36

21
13

315
114
201
148

3

35

6

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TR A DE -----------------------------

-

4

1

12
6

-

-

1

2

3

41

2

3

-

3

46

-

2

14
13

6

117.0 0-156 .50
120.00-158.00
1 1 1.0 0 -15 5 .5 0
12 7.0 0 -167 .0 0
98.00-123.00

2

7
6

7

11

134.50
13 8 .5 0
12 6 . 0 0
14 8 .0 0
114 .50

-

5

5

13

12

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .0
39.5

-

1

24

320
205
115
50
52




22

47
13

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables,

38
30
8

1

-

-

-

136.50
140.50
12 9 .0 0
146.50
112.50

1

8
4
4

25

13

14

18

43

-

-

-

6

4
39
39

17

16
16

25

-

15
14

1

“

_
*

“

2

4

8

_

1

2

4

8

*

-

-

-

-

-

1

11
T a b le

A -1a .

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m e n

a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Av er ag e s t r a ig h t -t i m e w ee k l y hours and earnings for s el ec t ed occupations studied in es ta b lis hm en ts employing 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e by industry divis ion, C le v el an d, Ohio, Se pt em be r 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
s

Number

of
workers

$
60

weekly
hours1
(standard'

M ean*

Median2

Middle range2

65

70

$
75

$
4 0 *0

76

»
85

*
90

$
95

$
100

S

s
n o

120

■
130

*

*
160

*
150

$
160

$
170

i
180

190

1 —
i —
210
20 0

$
220

and
70

75

80

85

90

95

$

$

3

J’
J

100

n o

120

130

160

150

160

170

$
2

l ’ i * 00
1 2 6 .5 0

2

1 2 0 * 00

_

39*3

l /^

z ~ 9 z.

114

33

1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0

J

1 0 2 * 50

1 0 3 *"0

5

39* 3
TT

?

33

77

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

f

1 *7 ^ ’
n n

ITT
::

7 d *n
n

/ r
\

n

100* 50
9 7 .5 0

39 0

15 5

i n n *K n

1 5 0 * 50
1 6 6 .0 0 1 6 1 .0 0

3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

1 3 7 *5 0

16
26

1
1

:

3

1

1
1 2 3 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

1

180

190

200

2

210

over

3

220

■ AIL 1KALL
\wl
/
10 6

7®:
(K AU L

10^

7T1

107

A7~
366

373

J22* 22
157

*

1A

1 6 3 *5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0

ff

w

in
1r

ft
*1

9

^66
51

3

9

3

3

3

i

i

1

1 6 6 .5 0 -1 6 9 .5 0

1

1

3

3

Cft
f ft

1

3

t ftft

l 'l
108

67

39

0

1 3 4 *5 0

1 3 3 *5 0

io "n
_ _ .

2 22* 22

iu n *A a

1 ftft

1 ftft

Cft

1

1 1 7 *5 0

j

1
.J

J

1 1 6 *5 0

J22* 22 272*22
7ftA ftft

3^9
133

325

320

13 2

106

3

3 3^

fT

17
* t

*

TQ

f t
f i

u
J

33

16

262
3t «

101
33

50
12

66
23

ff
-

12

8

4^

34

13

18

27
26

33

15

28
26

®

53
32

52

06
56
32

36
63
33

16

16
10

19

i

3

9

3

3

33

T1

26

19

a

62

J

AJ

^60
16

AT

40
10

H

3f f

3

333
??

t4

i
ft
tf
22

3®t
if
ft

17

.
J
17

12

t
3

28
10

11
2

33

42

2

i

T7

ta

tl
if

18

13

3

17

26
3f t

10 2

22

20

?2?

35

20

73

33
21

9

56
27

__

3
I

293
78

2

3f ?

1Q
7

J

3 *®

^9

74

ftft

tj

10
i

J
I

101

2°

3

f?
3
*

3

3

1
:

3
3

3

ftft

222*^2
22*2
t 7a Aft
/ft ft 22^*22 1ftA ftft
3 8 5 101*00 * 3 0 * ^ 0

9

f?
7

ftft

J

f3

8

30

i

1 6 6 .0 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0 -2 0 3 .5 0

2^2*22

f

12
AA

J

1 Aft
t 7c

J2 2 *2 2

26
3

, ,

2
*

«7 1 A ft ftft
ft j A t Af t
T 1 f tl Aft

22*2
TO
Aft

13

w
26
35

3

t4

3
1

33
f 9

27

8

6

25

3
1

13400

00

1 1 9 *0 0




*

TO

3 ,3 J3

See footnotes at end of tables.

r8

23

^

163^50
1 6 0 .5 0
4 0 .0

65
3~3

1

3

32

28
39

3

30
23

41
^T

1 6 9 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

TO
370
236

17
33

2

9 6 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

^ 3 0 * '"Q
1 0 9 .0 0

2/!" 222* 22 2J?*r2
1T1 -n
TO ^

415

8
8

16

*

5

to

J
J
*

2

1 6 6 .5 0

rfrinL L«iAL L 1KAUL

J

2 2 2 *-2

TO T

1HAUL

154

K t 1A I L

s
80

C O NTINUED
®3 ?

n L 1M iL

t

and
under
65

WOMEN -

t

f t

3

J

f?

3
3

A

3

2
ff
35

7

3®3
tf

J
3

43

*»ft
^9

13

9

6

12
T a b le

A -1 a .

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts —m e n

a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number
of
workers

Number of worke rs receiving straight-time we ekly earnings of—
S

Average
weekly
hours1

$

t

$

«

S

$

s

$

S
$
110 120

(standard)

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

60
and
under

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

65

Sex, occupation, and industry division

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

23
3
20

-

1

8

6

10

7

40
7

t

$

*

t

$
$
170 180

t

190

$
$
t
200 210 220

130

140

150

160

130

140

150

160

170

180

26
17

22
19

7
6
1

12
10
2

29
10

7
7

7
7

-

-

-

32

16
12
4

5
3

4
1

-

-

-

3

“

“

“

-

2

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

and
190

200

210

220 over

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

134
80
54

$
$
$
$
39.0 132.00 127.00 114.00-153.00
39.5 135.50 131.00 119. 50-152.50
39.0 127.50 116.00 107.00-154.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

156
54
102

39.5 108.50 109.00 97.00-121.50
39.5 118.50 119.00 107.00-132.00
39.5 103.50 106.50 86. 00-114.50

“

-

-

-

3

1

a

6

5
2

10

4

3

3
3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

62

39.5 118.50 116.50 105.00-129.00

-

-

-

-

3

1

3

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B

57

40.0 132.00 116.50 108.00-170.00

-

2

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------

”

6

3

33

14
18

16
9
7

1

13

18

10

5

4

1

2

18

12

1

3

2

3

“

2

12

75

39.5 124.00 121.50 114.00-135.00

“

*

3

3

9

19

20

6

5

6

2

1

CLASS A -------------------------------

635

39.5 119.00 115.50 103.50-130.50

-

-

_

_

8

11

31

64

144

110

106

62

29

45

11

12

1

-

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

246
87

39.0 113.50 111.00 101.50-125.00
39.5 115.00 108.50 101.00-127.50

“

-

“

_
*

4

10

2

36
19

66
29

50
11

41
12

19
4

7

7

2

5

5

2
2

*

*

TYPIST S, CLASS 8 --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

85 2
341
511

39.5 102. 50 101.00
39.5 103.50 101.00
39.5 102.00 101.50

92.00-110.50
91.00-115.50
93. 00-109.00

_
“

“

8
2
6

10
8
2

33

127
50
77

95
47
48

125
41
84

237
63
174

118
58
60

48
34
14

31
8
23

9
8
1

8

3

-

5

-

3

3

*

*

“

TY PIS TS ,

See footnotes at end of tables.




“

17
16

-

1
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

*
-

13

T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1971)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
*

$

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Average
of
workers

hours1
(standard]

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

t

*

!

t

S

t

*

t

t

t

t

t

$

$
t
$
t
t
250 260
270 280
290

Under 100 11 0
i
and
100 under

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

—
-

1
1
-

1
1

4
3
1

25
15
10

24
11
13

35
15
20

23
15
8

20
7
13

7
7
-

7
5
2

5
4
1

5
4
1

—
-

—
-

-

2
2
-

—
-

-

9

10
2
8

23
10
13

52
21
31

38
20
18

42
27
15

35
26
9

29
17
12

25
18
7

17
11
6

6
5
1

4
4
-

4
3
l

6
4
2

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

34
23

7
6

7
4

9
9

2
2

2
2

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

n

1

3

9
4

11 0

and
290 over

M
EN

$

$

$

$

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

159
90
69

3 9 . 5 1 7 0 . 5 0 1 6 7 .0 0 1 5 4 . 5 0 - 1 8 3 . 5 0
3 9 . 5 1 7 3 . 0 0 16 9 .5 0 1 5 3 . 5 0 - 1 9 0 . 5 0
4 0 .0 1 6 7 . 5 0 16 6. 0 0 1 5 5 . 5 0 - 1 8 0 . 5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------

313
172
141

3 9 . 0 1 5 6 . 5 0 15 4 .0 0
3 9 . 5 1 6 6 .5 0 16 2. 50
3 8 . 5 1 4 4 .5 0 1 4 0 . 5 0

1JU U
#U

*1
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

15 1
98

3 9 . 5 130 .00 1 2 6 . 5 0
40 .0 1 3 5 . 5 0 1 3 0 . 5 0

9

136.0 0 -177.0 0
145.50 -18 5.00
12 5. 5 0 - 1 6 3 . 5 0

-

-

9

9

120.50-137.50
122.50-144.00

-

1IV*}U

0
5

11

-

D

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

216
115
101

3 9. 5 23 1. 0 0 22 9. 00 2 0 0 . 5 0 -2 5 6 .0 0
3 9 . 5 2 2 4. 50 224.00 2 0 1 . 5 0 - 2 5 0 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 23 8 .5 0 23 9. 50 1 9 6 . 0 0 - 2 6 2 . 5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

261
136
125

3 9 . 0 1 9 7 . 5 0 19 4 .0 0 1 6 9 . 0 0 - 2 1 7 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 1 9 6 .0 0 19 2. 00 1 7 3 . 0 0 - 2 1 9 . 0 0
3 9. 0 19 9 .5 0 19 8. 00 1 6 4 . 0 0 - 2 1 6 . 5 0
222 *3U

-

39*5 185*00 1 8 7 . 5 0 1 6 3 . 5 0 - 2 0 5 . 5 0

3
19
13

0

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ---------------------------

11 0

51
35

irO

1

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

*

~

\

7
4
3

7
4
3

30
14
16

14
11
3

21
12
9

22
20
2

18
7
11

23
11
12

24
12
12

13
9
4

7
4
3

3
1
2

18
2
16

-

-

-

1
1

12
1
11

23
9
14

31
23
8

15
7
8

38
25
13

29
18
11

34
11
23

22
10
12

14
10
4

17
13
4

9
6
3

3
1
2

3
1
2

-

2
2

8
1
7

1

3

C

1

19

16

4

1

1

1A

77

1
8

4

2

11

7

10

5

11

1

13

8

10

5”

1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
r “ jf

*

—

—

rr
\\

2°* *3U

*

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

148
87
61

3 9 . 5 2 3 4 . 5 0 23 3 .0 0 2 0 8 .0 0 -2 6 3 .5 0
3 9 . 5 240.00 240.00 2 1 5 . 0 0 - 2 7 0 . 0 0
4 0 .0 2 2 7 . 0 0 232 .0 0 2 0 3 .0 0 - 2 5 7 . 0 0

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

895
584

40 .0 2 0 4. 50 200.50
40 .0 206. 00 202.0 0

18 3 .0 0-2 19.50
179.50-2 26.0 0

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------------

878
736
142
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40.0
40 .0

175.0 0 16 1.0 0 - 19 4 .5 0
1 7 6 .0 0 1 5 8 . 0 0 - 1 9 6 . 0 0
17 3.50 164.0 0-186.0 0
1 9 9 .0 0 1 8 9 . 0 0 - 2 3 6 . 0 0

-

-

-

yn

363

n

L lu 1

1L

1 tLMni 1 L i A l i o

, , #

146

i/ -i

i 1
r\n
1i # • OU
1-f

w

1/1/ C/l
1 U 4 *3 U

-rn

1 3 0 * 3U

A -/ * • / V




°

1

**58

*7

1

°

-

-

-

-

3
3

4
3
1

5
2
3

10
5
5

7
6
1

9
5
4

15
10
5

15
9
6

16
4
12

8
4
4

11
6
5

16
12
4

16
8
8

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

20
20

73
69

58
57

140
67

152
63

136
72

99
54

70
60

51
31

33
31

15
15

15
13

6
5

6
6

18
18

5
5

4
4

29
29

59
59

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

25
24
1
1

-

-

31
30
1
1

-

-

90
81
9
4

-

-

85
75
10
8

-

-

114
95
19
6

5
5

-

150
107
43
2

7
7

-

150
101
49

*

109
108
1
1

15

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

IrZ

39

69

46

AO
49

f j

71
r5

7

*

7
1

3

ZZ

*

15
15

zz
27

-

ro

15
15

;;

44

77
21

7

.

1

1

20
20

17
17

14

* Workers were distributed as follows: 2 at $290 to $300; 2 at $310 to $320; and 3 at $340 to $360.
** Workers were distributed as follows: 21 at $290 to $300; 21 at $300 to $320; 8 at $320 to $340; and 8 at $340 and over.
See footnotes at end of tables.

°

~

nn

7?^
%Q*0 149 * Z « 14 7 * 30
*30

yn n
l

178.00
17 7.5 0
1 7 9 .0 0
20 5 .5 0

1

11
11

24
24

10

13

2
2

6

9
9

9
9

14
T a b le A -2 .

P r o fe s s io n a l

a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
%
100

M edian2

M ean2

Middle range2

$

%

$

*

S

$

S

(

t

«

*

t

$

$

S

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

2 50

260

270

280

27

Under

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

38

and
under

$
100

110

WOMEN

$
3 9 .5
COM PUTER

30*
U 1 1L 1 1 I t J

$

3

3

nn
2 3 0 *0 0

2

2 1 9 *0 0

2
3

2

2
2

6

3
3
3

fr

j

J

5

2

-

1

-

PR 0G RAM ERS,

tv
NURSES,

$

1 2 T ."0

PR 0G R AM E R S,

rU u L I u
COMPUTER

$

1 2 7 .0 0

IN D U S T R IA L

(R E G IS T E R E D )

------

• 0

226

4 0 .0

j

^

1 7 0 .5 0

}

1 7 3 .0 0

1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

-

J
1

-

i - •- 0
17 ? '* s 'n

2

3

ro

9

13

T

18

20

40

j!

3
3

I 8

33

47

J
2
22

12

6

J
1

4

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of t ab le s.

T a b le A -2 a .

P ro fe ssio n a l and technical o ccu p a tio n s— large e sta b lish m en ts— men and women

(A v er ag e s t r a ig h t -t i m e w ee k l y ho u rs and earn ings f o r s el ec t ed occupations studied in es tab lis hm en ts employing 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e by in du str y division, Cle v el an d, Ohio, S ep tem be r 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

S ex , occupation, and indu stry division

Number
of
work ere

Nu m ber of w o r k e r s r ec ei vi n g s t r a ig h t -t i m e w e e k l y earn ings of—
$

%
IT ^
Under

weekly
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

$

100

*
110

*
120

*
130

*
140

*
150

»
160

»
170

and
under

100

110

t
180

~
120

130

140

150

160

170

i

1
1

4
3

19

17

15

10

15
8

41
16

36
20

t
190

»
200

I

$

s

200

210

220

230

—

~

210

—

—

230

240

220

I----- 1----- i----- i---- $—
240

250

260

—

—

250

260

270

180

190

29

17

19

7

7

5

5

-

-

13

13

7

7

5

4

4

*

-

27
19
8

19

21
14

11
11

6

4

4

6

3

1

14
5

5

4

3

4

3

2

-

280

290

—

and

280

over

1

1

270

—

—

290

MEN
$

$

$

$

CLA^o A
^85

i
1 3 9 * 0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0

148
94

NONMANUFACTURING
CLAS"* C

See footnotes at end of tables.




3 9 *0

in /
60

1 4 9 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0

9

1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

2
7

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
4 0 *0

3

11

7

25

16

38
24
14

7

“

7

43

19

6

7

2

2

2

5

28

8

5

4

2

2

2

3
3

1

-

_

_

-

-

1

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

1

_

2
2

-

-

15
T a b le

A -2 a .

P ro fe s s io n a l

a n d te c h n ic a l

o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s t a b li s h m e n t s — m e n

a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A ve rag e s t r a ig h t -t i m e we ek ly hours and earn ings for s el ec t ed occupations studied in est abl is hm ent s employing 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by indu stry div ision , C lev el and , Ohio, Se pt em be r 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Se x, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Nu m ber of w o r k e r s re c ei vi ng s t ra ig h t -t i m e we ek ly earnings of —
»

Average
weekly

Unde
Mean ^

Median ^

Middle range ^

$

100

(standard

i

100

$

$

110

120

130

$
140

*
150

*

s

160

170

180

t

190

200

t

210

220

230

*

240

t

250

260

$

270

280

and
under
110

290

and
120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

ov er

5
4
1

7
4
3

7
4
3

18
14
4

5
2
3

21
12
9

22
20
2

14
7
7

16
11
5

20
12
8

13
9
4

5
4
1

2
1
1

16
2
*14

17
15
2

14
7
7

21
16
5

26
17
9

30
11
19

21
9
12

13
10
3

17
13
4

9
6
3

3
1
2

3
1
2

-

2
2

8
1
7

1

C
1

*

“

'

7

7

HEN - CONTINUED
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

$

171
106
65

3 9 .5 2 3 4 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 2 6 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 4 7 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

196
3 9 .5
113
3 9 .5
83
3 9 .0
r UtJL 1C U 1 IL 11 1L J

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------------------------

$
$
$
2 3 0 .5 0 2 1 0 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0
2 2 6 .0 0 2 0 4 .0 0 -2 5 4 .0 0
2 4 2 .5 0 2 1 3 .0 0 -2 7 2 .5 0

2 0 7 .0 0 2 0 2 .5 0
2 0 0 .5 0 1 9 7 .5 0
2 1 5 .5 0 2 0 7 .5 0
d-rO.UU

1 8 2 .5 0 -2 2 4 .0 0
1 8 0 .5 0 -2 2 3 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0 -2 3 0 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0 -2 8 1 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 1 8 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

1 7 2 .0 0 -2 0 8 .0 0

101

3 9 .5

107

i 7-i
/ tlY "
3 9 .0J 2 7 1 *5 0 2 6 7 *0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3

8
5
3

1
“

4

2

10

7

10

19

'

18

8

5

1
11

1

4

1

Q

7T
rz

f"
It)

1

17

•

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUj lNtv«> t LL hj j A

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

134
84
50

3 9 .5 2 3 4 .0 0 2 3 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 2 4 1 .0 0 2 4 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 2 2 2 .0 0 2 2 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

347
325

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 8 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

377
336

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

31

4 0 .0

2 4 0 .5 0 -3 0 1 .0 0

6

2 0 3 .5 0 -2 6 3 .5 0
2 1 1 .0 0 -2 7 1 .0 0
1 9 4 .0 0 -2 5 1 .0 0

-

—

-

-

-

“

-

-

2 1 8 .0 0
2 1 9 .0 0

1 8 9 .0 0 -2 4 0 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0 -2 4 1 .0 0

-

-

-

_

1 8 5 .0 0
1 8 1 .5 0

1 6 0 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -2 0 3 .0 0

.

_

-

-

1
1

4
4

2 0 6 .0 0 2 0 0 .0 0

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 3 6 .0 0

158

4 0*0

3 9 .0

2 0 2 .0 0

J

160* 00 163 *5 0

82

-

-

-

-

4
4

9
9
”

_

6
6

18
18

19
19

_

_

"

3
3

4
3
1

5
2
3

10
5
5

7
6
1

9
5
4

13
8
5

14
8

-

-

‘

"
J

-

10
4
6

8
4
4

10
6
4

16
12
4

12
8
4

3
3

4
4

28
24

23
22

32
31

34
33

30
27

26
21

48
46

31
30

28
27

15
15

15
13

6
5

27
27

43
42

37
35

39
36

50
43

42
33

49
41

23
22

16
15

15
6

7
7

5
5

_

_

-

-

”

1

2

5

8

4

1

1

9

J

2

3

1

1

5

2

4

1

*

-

“

_

_

_

_

19

17

26

**0

9

7

13

6

-

W EN
OM
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
UOL 1C U 1IL 11 1l j

S 1

1 9 7 .5 0

1 7 7 .0 0 -2 1 9 .0 0

2 1 9 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -----------------------------

71

3 9 .5

1 8 6 .5 0

1 8 6 .0 0

203
175

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 3 .0 0 1 7 5 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0 1 7 5 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




1 at
2 at
9 at

1

-

3

3

10

4

0

r

1 6 3 .5 0 -2 2 5 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

* Workers were distributed as follows:
** Workers were distributed as follows:
*** Workers were distributed as follows:

-

2 1 5 .5 0 -2 5 4 .5 0

15
13

1

1
-

1

4

1

1

4

11

9

8

4

5

3

18

-

2

8
2

9

11
11

17
16

39
36

42
36

32
27

21
16

12
12

6
6

4
4

9

$290 to $ 300; 6 at $ 300 to $ 320; 4 at $ 320 to $ 340; and 3 at $ 340 to $ 360.
$290 to $ 300; 2 at $310 to $ 320; and 3 at $ 340 to $ 360.
$290 to $ 300; 19 at $ 300 to $ 320; 8 at $ 320 to $ 340; and 6 at $ 340 and over.

-

1
-

-

16
T a b le

A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — m e n

and w o m e n

c o m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1971)
\

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly Weekly
hours 1
standard) (standard)

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS
B IL L E R S ,

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

MACHINE (B IL L IN G
176
98

39I5

103* 00
9 6 .5 0

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H IN E ) ---------------------------------------M ANU FACTURIN G ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

117
61
56

222
87
135
95

3 8 .5 1 2 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 3 1 .0 0
3 7 .5 1 19 .5 0
3 7 .5 1 1 8 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------

296
152
144
82

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------R ETA IL T R A D E --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

1 ,4 16
857
559
196
118
63
118

3 9 .5 1 44 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 48 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 3 8 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 44 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 35 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 28 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 36 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------R ETA IL TRADE --------------------------

2 ,0 1 6
987
1, 029
100
223
299
297

3 9 .5 1 08 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 13 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 04. 00
3 9 .0 1 20 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 07 .5 0
98. 00
3 9 .5
3 7 .5 102 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

122
90
59

3 9 .5 1 18 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 18 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 1 6 .5 0

C LERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -------------------'
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

539
167
372
213

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

9 7 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------

395
55
340
60
163

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

8 1 .0 0
8 6.50
8 0 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

926
496
430
353

3 9 .5 1 2 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 27 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 1 8 .5 0
4 0 . 0 124 .0 0

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------PI n U L L o h ^ L

1 K A lJ L

3 9 .0

Itw iH XL

1K

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

C LERKS, ORDER --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------

1 0 6 .5 0
1 09 .5 0
1 03 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------

MESSENGERS (O F FIC E BOYS AND G IR L S ) -




O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s io n

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES -

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

129 .5 0
1 34 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 15 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------------------

1 ,1 6 5
704
461
216

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

$
1 29 .0 0
132 .5 0
1 23 .0 0
1 17 .5 0

426
191
235
148

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 13 .0 0
119 .5 0
108. 00
9 8. 00

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

121 .0 0
1 21 .0 0
1 20 .5 0
1 36 .5 0
118 .5 0
1 17 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PU8LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

1 ,4 0 7
687
720
307
50
260

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 17 .0 0
1 17 .5 0
1 16 .5 0
127 .0 0
1 15 .5 0
1 06.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------------------

1 ,1 7 8
581
597
105
217

3 9 .0 132 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 36 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 2 9 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 36 .5 0
3 7 .0 1 17 .0 0

1 ,1 33
399
734
209
178
90
224

3 9 .5 1 12 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 1 8 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 09 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 2 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 06 .5 0
3 9 .5
9 6.00
3 9 .0 1 0 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

184
96
88
41

3 9 .5 130 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 3 3 .0 0
3 9 .0 127 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 3 6 . 5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -----------------------------R ETA IL TRAOE --------------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

293
72
221
41
59
62

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

830
515
315
80
102
81

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

CONTINUED

1 06 .5 0
120 .0 0
102 .0 0
122 .0 0
8 5.50
1 08 .5 0

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------

•tuTW XL

ItuTTi XL

1 IVAUL

I I'A U L

FINANCE ----------------------------------

11
XXXUL

586
174
412
79
165

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

9 7 .5 0
1 00 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
96. 00

4 ,5 1 4
2,5 71
1,943
338
283
177
879

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 43 .5 0
147 .0 0
138 .0 0
1 53 .0 0
1 41 .0 0
131 .5 0
134 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIO NISTSMANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ---------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

685
317
368
188
72

3 9 .0 104 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 07.00
3 8 .5 1 02.00
3 9 .5 106 .0 0
3 7 .0
9 4 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------

81

3 9 .0 1 64 .0 0

433
293
140
39

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------

IttT W XL

See footnote at end of tables.

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard] (standard)

1,0 10
612
398
62
132
142

1 14 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 25 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 03 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------

of

- CONTINUED

*
P

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------

Num
ber

3 9 .5 169.50
3 9 .0 1 70 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 68 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 6 2 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B — ■ — --------------—
——
-------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------

145
114
37

4 0 .0 133 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 27 .5 0
3 9 .5 136 .5 0

1 ,1 73
576
597
96
95
53
284

3 9 .0 154 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 5 9 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 49 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 65 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 4 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 39 .5 0
3 8 .0 1 47 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------

50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ----------------------- ---- -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

283
121
162
74

3 8 .5 1 09.00
3 9 .5 1 12.00
3 8 .0 1 06 .5 0
3 7 .0 1 00.00

1 ,7 3 9
996
743
138
129
90
340

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

992
474
518
90
82
217

3 9 .5 1 18 .0 0
3 9 .5 120.00
3 9 .0 116. 00
3 9 .5 1 1 5 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 09 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 18 .0 0

1 39 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0
1 33 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 36 .0 0
124 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----------------------

F AC
IN N E

3 9 .5

1 16.00

17
T a b le

A -3 .

O ffic e ,

p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n

and w o m e n

c o m b i n e d ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A verag e s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and e arn ing s fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an are a b a sis by in d u s try d iv is io n , C le ve land , O hio, Septem ber 1971)

O ccupa tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

$

1 i ns
0 5

FINANCE

^0

Q

1 na*on
91

O ccupa tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CONTINUED

22*5

Av.erage

Av erage

Average
Number
of

O ccupa tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

$
iU K A i 1 J n L N y

$

vLAoo

A
60. 0

; AA

A
A

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

COMPUTER PRCGRAMERS,

50

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

nn
*

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS*

1 7 0 .j 0
368

39

184

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL

3 9 .5

0

197 00
1 9 0 .5 0
UK A t 1 w n L n *

wL A o o

L

2 3 7 *5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS*

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

CLASS A

182

^93

NONMANUFACTURING

3 9 .5

360
188

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 5 6 .0 0

3 8 .5

3 9 .5

39 .0

2 7 0 .0 0

61

3 9 .5

2 6 5 .5 0

59

1 8 3 .5 0

188

1 7 4 .0 0

3 8 .0

00

153

1 6 9 .5 0

76

——

88

30

——— ——
———

1 3 0 .0 0

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS
MANUFACTURING
— —
— — —
— — — —
—
NONMANUFACTURING ———————— — —

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
MANUFACTURING

—

— —— —— —

————

118

See footnote at end o f tab le s.




222*52

ill* -In
1 ^ '* 50

64

10

0

2 25 *5 0

---------------------------

151

4 0 .0

151

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*

1 6 5 .5 0

4 0 .0

198

1 5 5 . 50
1 5 5 .5 0

1 7 2 .0 0

18
T a b le

A -3 a .

O ffic e ,

p ro fe s s io n a l,

a n d te c h n ic a l

o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s t a b li s h m e n t s — m e n

and w o m e n

c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied in esta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept.

O ccupa tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of

Number
Weekly
earnings 1
standard) (standard)

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
3 9 .0 104 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S -----------------------------------M ANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------PUB LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------R ETA IL T R A D E ---------------------------

Weekly

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS -

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS!
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------

92

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------M ANU FACTURIN G ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUB LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------

814
551
263
139
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------R ETA IL T R A D E ---------------------------------------

773
432
341
57
228

3 9 .5 1 12 .0 0
39.5 1 16 .5 0
3 9 .5 107 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 28 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 9 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------------------

266
118
148
61

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

103 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
96. 00
9 4 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------FINANCE --------------------------------------------------

126
93
63

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

CLERKS,

ORDER -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

255
189
66

4 0 .0 1 4 4 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 48 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 3 0 .0 0

CLERK S, PAYROLL -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------R ETA IL TRADE ---------------------------

364
244
120
55
52

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------R ETA IL TRADE ---------------------------

315
114
201
148

3 9 .0 1 1 6 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 3 3 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 07 .0 0
3 7 .5
9 8 .0 0

1 49 .5 0
1 52 .0 0
1 44 .5 0
144 .0 0
1 30 .0 0

140 .5 0
145 .5 0
130. 00
1 4 7 .5 0
112 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

62 5
434
191
59
78

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 26 .5 0
1 34 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUB LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE -----------------------------------

689
284
405
165
90
114

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 18 .0 0
1 23 .0 0
114 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 02 .5 0

MESSENGERS (O F F IC E BOYS AND G IR L S ) MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PU B LIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

276
126
150
73
54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 04 .5 0
103 .0 0
1 05 .5 0
1 19 .0 0
9 1 .0 0




Weekly
hours *
(standard)

of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS
2 .6 8 2
1 ,755
927
186
69
151
415

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

197
155

3 9 .0 1 83 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 81.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------RETAIL T R A D E --------------------------

622
378
244
50
53
106

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 63 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0
1 61 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 39 .5 0
1 57 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------R ETA IL TRADE --------------------------

1 ,1 77
769
408
104
185

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

682
451
231
107

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 3 2 .5 0
1 37 .0 0
1 23 .5 0
1 15 .0 0

800
432
36 8
272
80

3 9 .5 1 22.50
3 9 .0 1 2 3 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 22 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 28 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 01 .0 0

690
373
317
73

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

137 .0 0
1 43 .0 0
1 29 .5 0
1 19 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

SWITCH80ARC OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

134
80
54

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

132 .0 0
1 35 .5 0
127 .5 0

SWITCHBOARC OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

156
54
102

3 9 .5 1 08 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 18 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 03 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION IS T S -

62

3 9 .5

1 18 .5 0

63

4 0 .0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------PUB LIC U T IL IT IE S --------------------

Number
of
workers

CONTINUED

1 44 .5 0
1 45 .5 0
1 42 .0 0
1 61 .0 0
1 21 .0 0
134. 50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------

-

$
3 9 .0 1 4 8 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 5 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 45 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 69 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 67 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 30 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 37 .5 0

1 58 .0 0

68

$19

in * c
rl 1
2r 0

39 0

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

88

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 74 .0 0
1 73 .0 0

.,„

154

30 0
3 9 .5 1 67. 00

53

3 9 .0 1 39 .5 0

,„ c

39*0 126 .0 0

204

3 9 .5 2 34 .5 0

*04
VI

39«5

r io
3 9 .0 2 37 .5 0

172

1 88 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

109

3 9 .0

2 7 2 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

to

352

0

« .o

NONMANUFACTURING

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------

zZ9

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

TRANSCRIBING—
MACH INE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b les

1971)

Ave rage

Average

101
70
37

4 0 .0 2 0 6 .0 0

4 0 .0 133 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 5 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 3 6 .5 0

}
®
*OeO 1 59 .0 0

NURSES,
75

3 9 .5

1 2 4 .0 0

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) ----

203

4 0 .0 1 7 3 .0 0

19

T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arn ing s fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis by in d u s try d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O hio, Septem ber 1971)
N u m b e r of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u r ly earn ing s of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, o ccupa tio n, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

i
U n ,1e r
d

TT

Mean 2

Median2

t

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

$
*
»
3 .4 0 3 . 50 3 .6 0

t
$
t
t
t
$
s
3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0

t
$
t
i
i
i
i
s
*
S
4 . 40 4 .5 0 4 60 4 .7 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5. 20 5.40 5 .6 0 5 .8 0

%
and
3 .2 0 under

Middle range 2

and

-

3 .3 0 3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3. 60 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0

4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0

4 .5 0 4 60 4 70 4 .6 0

5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5.4 0

j

J

5 .6 0 5 .8 0

over

MEN
$
v r

$

LIMI LK j y HM IN 1 LI** v L
Ale

$

$

’2 ^2
*2

^•J
71

hi??

03

6*21

3*77

,

2
08

^13

4*33

4I
*|fl
•

i" nn
*

3*67
•

4 .9 0

4 .8 3

4 . 4 2 - 5 .5 1

03?
MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ------------------------

*

937

*

776

4 .7 2

^
o?

*
*
4 .7 6

H. f

*?
Hi

^
*89
4 .7 1

5 .0 7

5*09

ft

------------------

*

1 096

, AA ILnJ | 1M 1LleA vL
le
, IN
le

2

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —

12

-

7

35

2

2

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




60

j?
j

-

18

-

3

3

4

J
2

29

33

3

j

*n

67

38

6

5

2
2

711
709

4 .9 0
4 .9 0

5 .0 4
-..04

4 . 6 0 - 5 .3 7
4 .6 0
5 .3 7

-

5*33

190

4 .7 5
5 .1 4

5 .3 0
5 .3 6

3 .6 8 - 5 .4 1
4 . 8 8 - 5 .4 3

-

2
4

20

47

9

2

J

46

62

53

79
1

-

-

16
16

2

9

2

-

47

2

58
8

8

22

30

115

21

124

J

119

56

8

26

J

59

7

'

140

1

h?

15
53

79

J2

9

18

2

8

167

*

73

9

T
Q

8

8

9

-

J

an

*
45

61

-

to

256

2
6

J

16

13

J
j

16

37

4

89

®

22^

J
370

22
16

g

^6
10

1

1
22
22

15

“
*6

20

13

83

20

*

3

-

1
1

2

_

-

1
1

3

13
13

62

29

47

37
37

10

^2
37

1

51
49

72
72

181
181

127
127

-

7

4

47
47

51
51

_

183

60

58
58

43

16

-

-

-

8

8

^9
i

J

Z0>

an? 171
16

16

3
8

J

*8

j

22

65

J

76

ff
4

.

2

4 . 8 1 - 5 .0 9

’nn
289

132

3
J

2

ill

5*^
^*2^

W o rk e rs w e re d is trib u te d as fo llo w s:
W o rk e rs w e re d is trib u te d as fo llo w s:

ft

33

23

30

4*63
5 .0 4

1 .8 94
1 .8 94

*
**

\ ”67

_7

3

:
2

J

5 .2 5

5 .1 0

159
87

?n
20

??

198

-

9

_?

4 .2 1 -

i«
10 y

1

^*
NONMANUFACTURING

1

23

33

}

2

3
8

P4

33

5* 33

8

*8

^*91

198

J

n

1

/” 74

30^

6

u

_

1

4 . 4 3 - 5.2 1

ft
t3

1

n
1

-

21

3

1

26

1
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —

3
2

^*03

i* 7 i

8

21

2

5* 18

219

3

~
L
1

7*70

43

11^

10 at $6.20 to $6.40; 8 at $7.20 to $7.40; 1 at $7.60 to $7.80; 2 at $ 7.80 to $ 8; 8 at $ 8 to $8.20; and 7 at $ 8.40 and o ver.
1 at $5.80 to $ 6; 5 at $ 6 to $6.20; 5 at $6.20 to $6.40; and 5 at $ 6.60 and o ver.

2JJ

**16

1
121

91

3
3

813
813

-

20

T a b le A -4 a .

M a in te n a n c e

and

p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e e s t a b lis h m e n ts

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s stu died in esta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p tem b er 1971)
N u m b er of w o rk e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, o ccupa tio n, and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

s

$

s

$

t

s

s

s

s

$

$

t

$

U n d e r 3 *60 3* 70 3 *80 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4, 10 4 .2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0 4 .5 0 4 .6 0 4 .7 0
Mean ^

Median^

Middle range ^

$

$

*

$

4 .8 0 4 .9 0 5 .0 0 5 .1 0

*

I

I

5 .2 0 5 .3 0 5 .4 0

and
3. 60 under

-

3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0 4 .5 0 4 .6 0 4 .7 0 4 .8 0

4 .9 0 5 .0 0 5 .1 0 5 .2 0 5 .3 0 5 .4 0

I
-

5 .6 0

$

5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0
-

and

5 .8 0 6 .0 0

over

MEN

$

$

4 .7 3

4 .6 7

f -3
| 3'
4 . 4 0 - 5^31

L L L L I K 1 v l mN j i

------------------------------------------

176

8
8

1, 259

s l 16

13
13

6
6

1
“

48
48

4
4

8
8

42
36

16
14

81
77

40
40

48
42

111
111

18
18

-

11
11

-

1
“

5
5

25
24

5
4

2
1

15
13

32
32

39
24

1
-

6
4

12
12

15
15

24
23

4
4

3
3

13
13

18
17

17
17

-

“

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

4 . 7 2 - 5 .4 9

17
17

15
15

61
61

10
10

16
16

2
2

6
6

2
2

-

40
40

21
21

_

9
9

11
11

37
37

_

_

-

-

5
5

3
1
2

1
1

-

2
1
1

30
1
29
1

2
2

80
80

7
7

22
20

115
106

1
1

17
17

38
38

1
1

8
8

-

-

? *7 3

1

171
M AC H IN E-TO O L

OPERATORS,

TOOLROOM

—

767

721

M E CH ANICS,

*

5 .0 5

4 .9 5

*

^

5 .0 1

^.01
4 .9 3

4 .0 2

5 .3 3

4 . 7 4 - 5 .5 3

4 .7 2 -

5 .5 2

38
38

9
6
3

1
1

179
153

14
14

7
7

17
17

1
-

1
1

7
7

-

23
23

115
115

114
114

5
5

21
20

15
15

90
90

77
77

38
18
20
19

50

11
6
5
2

116
63
53
53

15
15

50
50

28
28

60
60

34
33

79
79

49
47

26
26

4
4

11
11

54
54

31
31

123
123

*

2
2

9
8

16
16

6
5

17
17

6
6

22
22

34
34

4
4

20
20

9
9

83
83

1
1

2
2

-

-

1
1

26
26

29
29

4

9

“

2
2

2
2

231

J 9 0Q

4 .7 6

4 .6 7

4 . 5 0 - 4 .8 0

-

77
77

1 ? 380

22
22

-

_

l ?0 5 i
?*°7
H. I 0

Jo

4 .9 3
4 .9 3

5 .0 6
3 .0 6

4 .6 2 -

coc

186

4 .7 4

5 .3 1

3 . 6 8 - 5 .4 1

1J /
P IP E F IT T E R S ,

SHEET-M ETAL

M AINTENANCE

WORKERS,

-----------------------

M AINTENANCE

—

68
8

1*507

5 *3 2

• I

5. J
5 .3 7

10
9

4

16
16

-

58
8

-

-

H A X n 1 LI vA ii v L

-




5
5
-

-

-

^ *1 "

2 at
See footnotes at end o f tab les.

-

*

$

7 .8 0 t o

$ 8;

47
47

“

3
3

-

1
1

40
40

8 at

5 8 to $ 8 . 2 0 ,

1 at

4

$

8 .4 0 to

-

58
58

$ 8. 60;

9

3
2
1

44
42
2

3
2
1

2
1
1

-

-

28
2
*2 6

84
72

43
36

111
42

289
289

204
204

21
21

10
7

11
10

7
7

_

-

8
8

6
6

4
4

18
18

17
17

30
30

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2 56
2 56

59
59

6
6

1
1

”

231
231

2
2

i
i

1
1

—

-

-

16
16

7
7

-

-

45
45

11
11

3
3

5
5

124
121

11
11

15
15

7
7

-

36
18
18
18

5

-

43
43

68
60

18
18

42
42

-

A U T O M O T IV E

20
1

r A Xn 1 C K f

15
15

15
15

-

5 .0 7

^ *9 0

-----------------------------------------

2
2

4
4

21

2
2

-

i
i

18
18

“

I ii i L n A l i w L

M ANUFACTURING

21

8
8

6
5
1

_

M ANUFACTURING

-

_

_

-

99
99

5

-

-

4
4

30
22

118
111

93
4

52
52

386
386

131
131

4
4

4
4

-

56
56

38
38

188
188

370
370

15
15

20
20

2
2

_

2
-

1
-

10
-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

4

16

_

-

1
1

7

-

-

3
1

2
-

2
2

-

58
57

-

19
19

46
44

5
5

66
66

6
6

31
31

150
150

127
127

3
3

13
13

4
4

-

3
3

2
2

45
45

51

-

-

51

-

-

21
21

38
38

19
19

50
50

137
137

41
41

64

91
91

813
813

4

1

4

1

a n d 6 at

$

-

8 .6 0 a n d o v e r .

61
61

64

21

Table A -b .

Custodial and material m ovem ent occupations

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S ep tem b er 1971)
N u m b er o f w o rk e r s re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arn ing s of—

Hourly earnings3

S e x , occu p ation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

-

—
1 .6 0
Mean

2

Median2

Middle range 2

-

5

*

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

j

i

t

i

I

I

$~

$

I

1

i

5

»

*

$

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 *6 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 . 20

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

over

88
55

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

jt

t

T

and
under
1 .7 0

and

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------GUARCS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 ,4 8 5
964
1,521

$
2 .7 2
3 .7 1
2 .0 9

$
2 .2 3
3 .7 3
1 .7 9

$
1 .7 8 3 .3 9 1 .7 5 -

745

3 .9 3

4 .0 5

3 . 5 1 - 4 .4 2

$
3 .6 1
4 .2 8
2 .1 5

53
-

264

26

50

91

22

101

135

192

120

168

39

216

34

33
17

2

58

20

31
70

104
31

165
27

97
23

33

154
14

29
10

216

230

11
15

33

53

-

-

-

-

4

4

8

1

16

80

114

64

55

154

29

216

-

-

75
74

23

-

23
-

22
-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

51
8
43
-

12
-

-

375
152
223

-

-

-

~

3

-

1
1
-

-

"

“

-

-

-

-

34

7

29

25

15

24

51

33

15
-

85
3

50
-

101

152

744

286

191

411

221

235

288

163

15

50
-

66
678

119
167
-

153
38
-

348
63

193
28

204
31

20
4

4
4

1
1

-

13

5

20

2
49

218
70
67

-

82
-

41
111
-

143

25
-

1
100
-

511
507

-

8

4

15

36

32

89

74

14

15

4

2

8

7
-

15
-

10
-

2
2
-

263
93
170

34

206
34

57

3

82
15

210
153
57
45

374
342

10
-

149
80
69

436
381

15
-

75
46
29

439
233

7
-

40
17
23
-

32
-

116
70
46
-

7

15

10

2

19

20

18

3

7

159

22

46

43

4 .0 1
4 .1 8
3 .8 6
3 .3 8
4 .0 8

*

-

”

-

16

153

224
185
39

87
196

178
83

160
148

57
9

60

12
12

16

112
96
16

261

104
49

270
122
148

283

-

12

48

-

-

-

12
4

39
10

146
2

15

29
6

94
98

42
41

9

48

~

-

-

-

-

3 .1 1 3 .1 2 3 .0 2 3 .0 5 -

3 .9 5
4 .0 5
3 .5 3
3 .5 6

-

-

-

“

49
34
15
9

5
4

17
17

117
109

14

4

116

14

27
27

2
2

1
1

_
-

8

153
128
25

116

-

82
75
7

75
75

1

118
85
33
33

8

7

25

3 .5 2
3 .6 0
3 .4 2
3 .2 9
3 .9 8

2 .9 9 3 .2 7 2 .8 8 2 .8 6 3 .1 7 -

4 .0 5
4 .1 7
4 .0 1
3 .4 9
4 .1 0

*

-

-

-

72
43
29
27
2

68
35
33
26
4

32
29
3

41

59
21

52
49
3

23

9

10
13

1

-

-

1

1

_
-

-

3 .5 8
3 . 63
3 .5 1
3 .4 0

3 .6 2
3 .7 1
3 .5 4
3 .4 9

3 .1 0 3 .0 9 3 .2 1 3 .2 1 -

4 .0 1
4 .2 4
3 .9 5
3 .7 1

-

*

-

-

48

365
149
216
80
62

3 .9 1
3 .8 8
3 .9 3
4 .8 2
3 .8 2

3 .9 1
3 .9 2
3 .8 9
4 .9 5
3 .8 7

3 .6 2 3 .6 5 3 .2 3 4 .2 9 3 .8 1 -

4 .2 8
4 .2 3
4 .8 6
5 .1 8
4 .0 5

-

4 ,1 6 8
959
3 ,2 0 9
2 ,0 6 2
571
373

4 .5 9
4 .3 2
4 .6 8
4 .9 4
4 .3 7
4 .3 9

4 .7 7
4 .2 1
5 .2 1
5. 24
4 .5 5
4 .2 8

4 .0 5 3 .8 4 4 .2 4 5 .2 1 4 .0 7 4 .2 2 -

5 .2 5
4 .7 7
5 .2 6
5 .2 7
4 .6 5
4 .5 8

-

2 .9 8

3 . 19

2 . 4 5 - 3 .4 6

3 , 598
2 ,0 9 3
1 ,5 0 5
111
108
312

3 .1 2
3 .4 9
2 .6 0
3 .9 0
2 .9 8
2 .2 3

3 .0 9
3 .4 7
2 .5 5
3 .7 6
3 .0 9
2 .1 5

2 .5 6 3 .1 0 2 .3 9 3 .7 2 2 .8 8 1 .9 7 -

3 .7 5
4 .0 2
2 .7 1
3 .8 9
3 .1 8
2 .3 2

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A N D LIN G -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

4 ,5 0 5
2 ,7 8 5
1 ,7 2 0
736
510

3 .6 0
3 .6 7
3 .5 0
3 .0 6
3 .5 5

3 .4 7
3 .5 7
3 .1 9
2 .9 9
3 .8 8

3 .0 6 3 .1 8 2 .8 6 2 .8 3 2 .7 9 -

4 .1 3
4 .1 5
3 .9 8
3 .1 5
4 .1 3

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

2 , 180
1 ,0 4 4
1 ,1 3 6
808
316

3 .4 9
3 .7 2
3 .2 8
3 .1 6
3 .5 6

3 .5 6
3 .7 6
3 .1 1
3 .0 7
3 . 94

3 .0 1 3 .4 0 2 .8 5 2 .8 6 2 .7 1 -

PACKERS, S H IP P IN G -----------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------------------------

1 ,0 9 9
949
150
143

3 .4 8
3 .5 3
3 .1 6
3 .2 2

3 .4 5
3 .4 9
3 .1 9
3 .2 1

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

499
288
211
104
87

3 .5 4
3 .6 3
3 .4 1
3 .2 4
3 .7 0

SH IPPIN G CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

392
222
170
119

S H IPPIN G AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS
-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------------




98
98

25
-

219

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.

-

822
822

-

-

-

2

2
-

-

2

3
-

5

3

4

8
7

5
8

402

640

413

354
286

322
91

466
384

101

142
260
242

237

38

13

16

3
25

27

106

4
23
23

1
105
14
91

232
8
224
218
6

198
21
177
176
1

66
57
9

90
81

163
120

9

9

9

43
43

15

79
60
19

”

*

—

2

1

-

6

14
5

15
5
10

1
1

7

16

5

29

46

45

43

11
18

34

13

12

16
29

53
34

30

19

18

”

26

30

17

1

15

15

8

23

49

-

21

46

73
26

-

1

-

-

7

7

4

-

9

1

9

-

*
-

9
14

-

14

9

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

32

3

1
13

38
13
24

49

206

-

-

1
2

1

30

21

3

7

1

15

3

-

-

-

1
1

-

18

“

“

64
41

8

9

26

9

21

5

-

-

-

23

3

9

1
25

9

22
-

-

3

25

9

21
20

3

5

“

-

451

185

279

40

39

156

26
159

89

10

6

52

190

30

33

1773
1699

47
1
28

13

108

178

244

137
41

107
137

24

4

18

32

74

68

8

45

188
164

147

40

77

86
37

6
4

-

6

-

6

9

36

3

13

5

23

38
38

11

-

-

2
2

1

24

1

11
10

3

10

2

13

-

160

4

3

24
17

2

179

2

3

-

24

9

10

31
28

8

10

60

12

28
7

20
6
14

6

2

24
17

-

3

6

-

12
45

15
9

-

2

15

“

-

28
7
21
9

—

1

1

87

3

11

295
19
36
184

-

-

-

108
51

184
6

10

-

20

33

-

8
8
-

-

5
5

—
-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

1825

141

18

141

15

1

45
29

-

3
3

-

22

T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S ep tem b er 1971)
N u m b er o f w o rk e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in g s of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, o ccupa tio n, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

%
M edian2

Middle range 2

%

1 .6 0
Mean 2

%

1 .7 0

1.8 0

and
under
1 ,7 0

MEN TRUCKDRIVERS| -

■$
$
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 ,2 0

%

—
1 .6 0

1 ,9 0

2 .0 0

—

2 .2 0 2 .4 0

$
$
2 ,4 0 2 ,6 0
—

—

l
$
2 ,8 0 3 .0 0
—

—

2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0

$
$
$
3 ,2 0 3 ,4 0 3 .6 0
—

$
3 .8 0

%
$
$
4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

$
$
%
5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0

—

and

3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 3 .0 0

5 .2 0

-

-

5.4 0 5 .6 0

CONTINUED
LIGHT

(UNDER

$

$

$

$
4

1r n

* ^
• 30

43

TRUCKDRIVERS,

3. 1

3 .1 1

15

45

169

-

-

24

7
8

-

4

3 .4 6

24

-

45

169

-

17
4

_

ME0IUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
3*95
4 .6 2

4 .3 5

^ .2 ft
4 ’

4 .2 1

42

18

15
27

60

27
26

12

3

16

77

11

3

1

1

1

“

15

52
25

4 .2 9

4 .2 2

3

121
12
109

196

4 .0 4

18
9
9

49

100

10
49

38
11

60
40
38

3

-

4 . 0 8 - 5 .2 2

59

78

6

5

11

2

5

1K A U L

*05
4 .5 4

3

76
17
59

13

-

^

359

--------------------------------------

'1 0
835
1/U

NONMANUFACTURING

TRUCKDRIVERS,

•

99

•

47
47

”

41
41

5

2

-

“
3

3

4

3

3
-

25

7

*

*

48

”

12

161

40

27

6
1

10
30

2
25

60

-

-

6
155
155

11

87

1

*

10
20

97

177
83

53
19

41
31

11
3

1180

70

_

-

245
45

7

48
148

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

249

15

HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------

2 , 128

3 .9 2
J

K C lA IL

over

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS,

i t t l A XL

$
$
4 .0 0 4 .2 0

Z44

1 KA UL

*

4 .1 1

3 .4 7 - 4 .3 2

4.

•

9

14

4

11

-

16

7

10

12

53

109

-

-

1

14

138

-

24
21
3
3

76
52
24

114

133
133

380
335
45

140
140

281
213

273

149

1
1

23

4

-

1
1

68

-

8

4
4

-

947
902
45

15

4

-

-

45

78

15

4

•

-

99
15
9

24

JjJ

* 1

-

-

6

-

5
“

21
47

148
125

71
78

100
25

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
42

15

4^26

^07

t* 0 6

^*61

2 .3 9

2 .3 3 -

2 .4 9

42

—

19
19

27
27

29
29

171
171

”

_

17
17

7
7

8
8

44
44

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

40
40

WOMEN

JA N ITO R S,

PORTERS,

ANC CLEANERS

-------

2 ,2 0 4
Q&7

K L 1 A XL

IrxALJL

2 .4 5
3^
1 .9 4
*»
O

30
1.9 1

O
/Y
OC

,,

0 0 0

^96

See footnotes at end of tables,




3 03

302

,

, ,

?*?I

3* 06

30
5
25
18

46 1057
8
36
38 1021
25
8

13

18

5

18

39
25
14

3*09

14
5
9
5

32
32
32

2

8

2

’ *33
’ *^5
1 .8 0 - 2 .1 5
,

42
42
28

8

129
129
-

631
31
600
14

128
43
85
2

32
32

90
76
14
-

32
14
18
3

64
55
9
9

-

42
41
1

76
71
5

22
21
1

12
4
8

4
4

35
35

136
72
64
64

71
51
20
20

37
37

20
20

10
10

22
22

1
1

-

23

T a b le

A -5 a .

C u s to d ia l and

m a te ria l

m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s — la rg e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied in e sta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S ep tem b er 1971)
N u m b er of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e arn ing s of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

t
$
t
$
$
s
$
$
S
s
S
$
$
*
S
$
»
$
t
$
t
i
60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.8 0 3 .0 0 3.2 0 3.4 0 3. 60 3.8 0 4.0 0 4.20 4.40 4.60 4. 80 5.00 5.20 5.40
nd
and
der
70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2. 40 2.6 0 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.4 0 3.6 0 3. 80 4.0 0 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5. 00 5.20 5.40 over

HEN

$

$

IIV

JmVH

4 .0 7

3»51

■
"

651

3 .9 9

4 .1 2

3 .6 2 - 4 .4 4

"

1 43
GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

252
“

2
“

20
“

10
“

-

-

-

119
”

9
4

19
5

48
9

12
2

68
11

106
76

132
no

81
58

78
53

162
148

37
27

216
216

-

4

4

8

1

2

76

59

53

53

148

27

216

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
22
22

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

38
38
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

9

-

51

5

8
8
-

9
-

C
D

WATCHMEN

8

32
32
32

26
1
25
25

26
26
25

76
2
74
47

99
59
40
3
11

65
23
42
15

71
52
19
4

256
243
13
4

121
101
20
5
7

105
93
12
3
8

123
58
65
62
2

128
111
17
1
8

511
507
4
4

75
74
1
1

23
23
-

8
8
8

10
10
10

2
2
2

8
8
8

4
4

32
12
20
20

90
72
18
18

25
5
20
20

37

27
10
10

190
174
16
16

165
139
26
25

150
139
11
3

107
97
10
7

282
89
193
159

398
353
45
45

366
334
32
22

116
70
46
46

47
4

_

-

4

-

4

4
4

7
1
6

109
77
32
2

73
61
12
-

118
94
24

123
17
106
98

174
95
79
37

107
103
4

60
60

-

10
10
10

49

-

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

6
-

-

-

_

-

-

60
JAN ITO RS,

PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS ----

3m 37

3 .4 4

3 .4 1

3 .4 0

-

1 ,7 89
1 ,347

3 .4 3
3 .6 4

3 .5 6
3 .8 6

3 .0 2 - 4 .0 4
3 . 1 7 - 4 .0 6

13
13
-

Wlf

5?

208

0 3 ^

3*7’

1*15

3"^

f

H
O

^60

3 66

3 91

3^1

'1 0
_

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

536
333

^33

3 .9 6
3* 07
3* 83

4 .0 6

3 l5 6 - 4 .2 7

3*90

3* 88

t* il
3 * i6

-

-

9

1#11
81

3 70
3 .7 0

'

00

*88

^*03

1rn
l nn

'6 7

Voo

-

6

1

-

13
13

8
8

3
3

25
25

43
43

73
73

45
45

143
118

65
65

108
108

2
2

23
23

4
4

2
2

1
1

-

-

1
-

2

-

1

_

6

10

28
4
24
24

43
40
3
3

19
6
13
13

-

-

6
6

20
10
10
10

-

-

21
18
3
3

1

*

11
10
1
1

1
1

1
1

17
15
2
2

9
9

-

23
18
5

1
1

-

-

-

“

10
7

5
5

13
11

32
18

11
5

20
20

19
12

10
8
2

5
2
3
~

4

8
6

48
25
23
22

8

4

5
3

-

316
TRUCKDRIVERS,

LIGHT

^*57
*

-

-

-

*

-

TRUCKORIVERS, ME0IUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

3 * i6

1^7

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

2

2
“

7 * il
"_

-

-

6

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

6
-

8
“

2
“

-

-

5
3
2

“

“

“
5

2
*

l*~i"/

-

11

5

17
3
14

•

3m 79

3 .4 3

2

4 .7 2

TO

f?

10
10

5
3
2

'*9^

^3®

See fo o tn o tes at end o f tables,

1
“

-

5

-

(UNDER
3 .9 9




-

-

-

i* 9 1

1 ,1 6 0

7/7

“

4
-

-

2
it" T-»

-

x O
'?
?*05

-

-

-

6
6

12
12
-

2
2

-

-

8
8
-

48
48

-

-

-

*

4
1
3
1

-

3 1 '
' 1^
3 .1 4 - 4 .1 2

^ ^

60

4 . 00

43

2
2
2

8
1
7
7

_

*81
R ETA IL TRADE ----------------------------

4

43

-

-

-

-

3
3

5

14

_

_

-

-

57
18
39
1

58
12
46

12

26

10
10

2

14
8

6
2

6

-

4
1

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

“

7

2
2

2
1

1

-

-

6

3

26
1
25
25

4

59
22
37
37

20

83
3
2

280
77
203
184

93

87
8
3

83
10
6

20
20

30

13

4

3

16

52

-

2

2
2
2

121
29
92
87

4
3
1
1

-

-

8
6

4

-

-

95

31
24
7

-

-

44
7
37
8

9
1
8
8

3
3

-

_

-

20

-

-

-

20
20

9

1

-

-

-

-

9

1

9

33

291
4
287
20

-

~

35
2
33

25
25
25

197
4
193

15
12
3
*
-

_
-

-

24

T a b le

A -5 a .

C u s to d ia l

and

m a te ria l

m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s — la rg e

e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s stu died in esta b lish m en ts em p lo yin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p tem b er 1971)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$

1 .7 0 1 .8 0

TRUCKDRIVERS -

$

$

$

1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0

and
under
1 .7 0

MEN -

S

$

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

$

$

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

—

i

2 .6 0

—

$

1 .6 0

2 .4 0

*
—

t

t

2.

—

2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0

$

i

80 3 .0 0

—

—

—

3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

*

*

3 .2 0

—

—

i

$

3 .4 0

—

—

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

i

t

3 .6 0

—

—

t

$

3 .8 0

—

4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

—

4 .0 0

—

5 .2 0 5 .4 0

and
over

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY COVER 4 TONS,

$

'0 0

f

7]

-

5
5

rtrr

*

*

2
2

16

1 *5 2
m y

2

10

12

69
69

79
79

74
74

168
115
53
47

20 3
138
65
25

19
19

23
23

29
29

-

41
41

64
64

*

117
23
94

-

41
31
10

17

1

-

936
891
45
45

149
71
78
78

1
1
-

23
8
15
15

116
116

17
17

7
7

-

9
1
8

72
72

15
12
3

1

38
18
20

14

-

4

4
4

i
i

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

3
3

TRUCKERS,

----------------------------------

1? ' fi6
260
214

4*11
4 .2 7
4 . 33

^7
4 . 24
4 .3 4

4 . 0 3 - 4 .4 8
4 .1 2
t .5 1

304

NONMANUFACTURING

4* 57

* * ^0

2" ?1

4 * }?

470

2 .7 7

2 .7 4

2 .3 3 -

3 .2 3

32
32

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

8
8

44
44

-

43
43

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

POWER (OTHER THAN
15

-

WOMEN

JANITORS,

PORTERS, AND CLEANERS

xl

PACKERS,

------

-j* rt i

• 01

i h a ul

SH IPPIN G

---------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




212

1 *0 7
*

2 .9 3

2 .8 6

32
32
2 . 5 2 - 3 .5 9

19
1
18
18

75
5
70
8

28
13
15
11

102
21
81
2

22
22
-

38
37
1

66
61
5

9
8
1

6
4
2

2
2

35
35

1
1

-

-

38
24

17
2

15
15

2
2

31
31

10
10

20
20

10
10

22
22

_

-

-

-

-

4 .2 0

25

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e
at re g u la r and/or p rem iu m r a te s ), and the earnings corresp o n d to these w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each job by totalin g the earnings o f a ll w o rk e rs and d ividin g by the num ber o f w o rk e rs .
The m edian
designates position — h a lf of the em p loyees su rveyed r e c e iv e m o re than the rate shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown.
The m iddle
range is defined by 2 rates o f pay; a fourth of the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the lo w e r o f these rates and a fourth earn m o re than the h igh er rate.
3 E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h olid a ys, and late shifts.






____________

A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may d iffer significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, tem porary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E
C LERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerica l work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b ille rs, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Class A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting cle rica l operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for example, cle rica lly processing com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of
prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determine sourpe of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or m ore
class B accounting clerks.

B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from custom ers' purchase orders, in ter­
nally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of p re­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or
may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated
by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the b ill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable opera­
tion. Generally involves the simultaneous entry o f figures on custom ers' ledger record. The
machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Class B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized p ro­
cedures, perform s one or m ore routine accounting clerica l operations, such as posting to
led gers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are
clea rly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness o f standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.
C LERK, F IL E
F iles , cla ssifies, and retrieves m aterial in an established filing system. May perform
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain file s. Positions are classified into levels on the
basis of the following definitions.
Class A . C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, tech­
nical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number o f varied subject
m atter file s. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a small group of low er level file clerks.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of business transactions.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and file s
ings or partly classified m aterial by
cro s s-referen ce aids. As requested,
wards m aterial. May perform related

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase o f the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, custom ers' accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described under b iller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of tria l balances and prepare control sheets fo r the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
P e rform s one or m ore accounting clerica l tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical
accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifyin g fo r clerica l accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing simple or assisting in preparing m ore complicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system.
The work requires a knowledge of cle rica l methods and office practices and procedures
which relates to the cle rica l processing and recording of transactions and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becomes fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge o f the form al
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




unclassified m aterial by simple (subject m atter) head­
finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
locates clearly identified m aterial in file s and fo r ­
clerica l tasks required to maintain and service files.

Class C . Perform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a­
teria l; and m ay fi l l out withdrawal charge. May perform simple cle rica l and manual tasks
required to maintain and service file s.
C LER K, ORDER
R eceives custom ers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the follow in g: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating o^ customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
C LER K, P A Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: The Bureau has discontinued collecting data fo r oilers and plumbers.

27

28
C O M PTOM ETER O PERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

P rim a ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that o f statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve f r e ­
quent use of a Com ptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.

N O TE : The term "corporate officer, " used in the lev el definitions following, re fe rs to
those officials who have a significant corporate-w ide policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activities. The title "v ic e presiden t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p e r­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a c le rica l staff) are not considered to be
"corporate o ffic e r s " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

KEYPU NC H O PERATOR
Operates a keypunch machine to record or v e rify alphabetic and/or numeric data on
tabulating cards or on tape.
Positions are cla ssified into lev els on the basis of the following definitions.

1. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 persons; or

Class A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting proce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selecting, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a va riety of source documents. On occasion m ay also perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch operators.
Class B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific
procedures or instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, o r interpreting of data to be recorded. R efers to supervisor
problem s arising from erroneous item s or codes or m issing information.
MESSENGER (O ffice Boy or G irl)

2. Secretary to a corporate office r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25,000 persons; or
3. Secretary to the head, im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r lev el, of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
1. Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 persons; or
2. Secretary to a corporate office r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 persons; or

P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m inor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m a ile rs, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle rica l work.
Exclude positions that require operation o f a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY

3. Secretary to the head, im m ediately below the o ffice r le v e l, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial rela tions, etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

Assigned as personal secretary, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work of the supervisor. Works fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P e rform s varied c le ric a l and secretarial
duties, usually including m ost of the follow ing:
a. Receives telephone calls, personal ca llers, and incoming m ail, answers routine in­
quiries, and routes technical inquiries to the proper persons;
b.

Establishes, maintains, and revises the su pervisor's files;

c.

Maintains the su pervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed;

d.

Relays m essages from supervisor to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others for the
supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

Class A

4. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent lev el
of officia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or
5. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) or a company that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
1. Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one o f the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organiza­
tional segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
2. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent lev el
of o fficia l) that employs, in all, few er than 5,000 persons.
Class D

P erform s stenographic and typing work.

May also perform other c le rica l and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typ ically requires knowledge o f office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " possess the above characteristics.
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:
a.

Positions which do not m eet the "personal"

b.

1. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., few er than
about 25 or 30 persons); c>r
2. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, adm inistra­
tive o ffic e r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NO TE: Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)

Examples

Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties;

secretary concept described above;

c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or
m anagerial persons;
d. Secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or sub­
stantially m ore complex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;

STENOGRAPHER
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May
also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe
from voice recordings (if prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine
Operator, General).
N O TE : This job is distinguished from that of a secreta ry in that a secretary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and perform s m ore
responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secreta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General

e. Assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible tech­
nical, adm inistrative, supervisory, or specialized c le rica l duties which are not typical of
secretarial work.




Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain file s, keep simple records,
or perform other rela tiv ely routine cle rica l tasks.

29
STENOGRAPHER— Continued

TAB ULA TIN G -M A C H IN E O PERATO R (E le ctric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

Stenographer, Senior
Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs
or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and respon­
sibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high
degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business
and office procedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, p roce­
dures, file s, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
responsible clerica l tasks such as maintaining followup file s; assembling m aterial for reports,
memorandums, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions: reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P erform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described fo r switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine longdistance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occurs i f the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable fo r telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)
These classifications do not include switchboard operators in telephone companies who
assist customers in placing calls.
SWITCHBOARD OPE RATO R -RE CE PTIO N IST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.
TAB U LATIN G -M AC H IN E OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p reter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
A lso excluded are operators of electronic digital computers, even though they may also operate
EAM equipment.

Class A . P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel w iring under general supervision. Assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are irregu lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
low er lev el operators in wiring from diagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
complex reports. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and insertion of prew ired boards.
Class B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignments typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of la rg e r and m ore complex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrica l ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some w iring from diagrams. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.
Class C . Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple w iring from diagram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, G ENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written copy and do simple cle rica l work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer.
TY P IS T
Uses a typew riter to make copies of various m aterials or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials fo r use in duplicating processes. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources; or responsibility fo r correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B . Perform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes most of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
items (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problems and meet
special conditions; review s e rro rs made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or program er; and maintains operating records. May test and assist in correcting
program.
F or wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with most of the following ch aracteristics: New programs are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirements are of critica l importance to m inim ize downtime;
the program s are of complex design so that identification of e rro r source often requires a
working knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s may not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level operators.
Class B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with most of the following ch aracteristics: Most of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recurring basis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situa­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed co rrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running programs or segments of program s
with the characteristics described fo r class A . May assist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
Class C . Works on routine programs under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problems involved in
running routine program s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May assist higher lev el operator on complex program s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements o f business problem s, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment. Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the precise in­
structions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation

30
COM PUTER PROGRAM ER, BUSINESS— Continued
of data to achieve desired results. Work involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge of
computer capabilities, m athematics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be programed; develops sequence
of program steps; w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions fo r machine to follow; tests and corrects program s;
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating efficien cy or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (N O TE: W orkers perform ing both systems analysis and p ro­
graming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing em ployees, or program ers p rim a rily concerned with scientific
and/or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or tinder only general direction on complex problem s which
require competence in all phases of program ing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
grams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor processing steps to be
accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range o f program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.
At this lev el, program ing is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to low er level program ers who are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on rela tively simple
program s, or on simple segments o f complex program s. Program s (or segments) usually
process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in p rior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex program s (as described fo r class A ) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher le v e l program er by independently p e r­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er lev el program ers.
Class C. Makes practical applications of program ing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignments; and work is review ed to v e rify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures fo r solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer program s. Work involves most of the follow ing:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and fo r programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in tria l runs of
new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective ov era ll
operations. (NOTE: Workers perform ing both systems analysis and programing should be cla s­
sified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible fo r the management or supervision
of other electronic data processing em ployees, or systems analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on complex problem s in­
volving all phases o f systems analysis. Problem s are complex because of diverse sources of
input data and m ultiple-use requirements of output data. (F o r example, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which




COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to
determine the data processing problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plica ­
tions of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, i f
needed, for approval of m ajor systems installations or changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level systems analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are
rela tively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. Problem s are of lim ited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F o r example, develops systems fo r maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory. accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determ ine
the-data processing problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data processing systems to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described fo r
class A . Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignments. Work is review ed fo r accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the ov era ll system.
Class C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required fo r systems analysis work. F or example,
may assist a higher le v e l systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that d iffer significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect o f each change on the details o f form , function, and positional relationships o f com ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory assistance. Completed work is
review ed by design originator fo r consistency with p rior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by low er level draftsmen.
Class B. P e rfo rm s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: P repares working drawings of subassemblies with irregu la r shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities o f m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stresses, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
Class C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number o f sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are less complete when assignments recur. Work m ay be spot-checked during p rogress.
D RAFTSM AN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim a rily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
AND/OR
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during progress.

Work is closely supervised

ELEC TRO N IC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or systems by perform ing one or m ore
of the following operations: Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following tasks: Assem bling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge o f the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use o f general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic systems, subsystems, and circuits having
a va riety o f component parts.

31
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN— Continued

NURSE, IND USTRIAL (R egistered )

E lectronic equipment or systems worked on typically include one or m ore of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications systems, relay systems, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar systems; radio and television transmitting or recording systems; e le c ­
tronic computers; m iss ile and spacecraft guidance and control systems; industrial and medical
measuring, indicating and controlling devices; etc.

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to i l l or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the prem ises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving firs t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and c a rry ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors
or head nurses in establishments employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

(Exclude production assem blers and testers, craftsm en, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment as office machines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CAR PE NTER , M AINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair build­
ing woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors,
stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions; using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; mak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of m etal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training'and experience.

ELE C TRIC IAN , M AINTENANCE
Perform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or
repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a va riety of e le c­
trica l equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit break ers,
motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blue­
prints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of w iring or
electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing
instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or ele ctrica l) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b o iler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIO N ARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fir e by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and
checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPER , M AINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trades, by perform ing specific
or general duties of les se r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others
he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
perform ed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
M A CHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




MECHANIC, AUTO M O TIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is­
assembling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills , or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing the various
assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This classification does not include mechanics who repair custom ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile repair shops.
MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE
Repairs m achinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the follow ing: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are w orkers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M ILLW RIG H T
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw righ t's work normally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PA IN TE R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail

32
PA IN T E R , M A IN TEN AN CE— Continued

S H E E T-M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE— Continued

holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

up and operating all available types o f sheet-m etal working machines; using a va riety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , M AIN TEN AN CE
Installs or rep airs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an.
establishment. Work involves most of the following; Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
co rre ct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
pressu res, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin ­
ished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating systems are excluded.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AIN TEN AN CE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow in g: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications; setting

TO O L AND DIE M AKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool m aker; fixture maker; gage m aker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs,' fixtures or dies fo r forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing; Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a va riety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
F or cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
PACKER, SHIPPING— Continued

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P e rform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order,
using arm s or fo rc e where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.

and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using ex celsior or other m ateria l to
prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illeg a l entry.

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING C LERK

JANITOR, PORTER, OR C LEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the follow in g: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo ors; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fix ­
tures or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories,
showers, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares merchandise fo r shipment, or receives and is responsible fo r incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping p ro­
cedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping
a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work in volves: V erifyin g or directing others in verifyin g the correctness of shipments
against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking fo r shortages and rejecting dam­
aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and file s .
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receivin g clerk

LABORER, M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker;
warehouseman or. warehouse helper)

shelver; trucker;

stockman or stock helper;

TRUCKDRIVER

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freigh t cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
custom ers' houses or places o f business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-th e-road d rivers are excluded.

ORDER F IL L E R

follows:

(O rder picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders fo r finished goods from stored merchandise in a ccord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition
to fillin g orders and indicating item s fille d or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as
(T r a c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the basis o f tra ile r capacity.)
Tru ckdriver
Tru ckdriver,
Tru ckdriver,
Tru ckdriver,
Tru ckdriver,

(combination of sizes listed separately)
light (under IV 2 tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepa res finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires
the placing o f item s in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing:
Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to v e rify content; selection of appropriate type




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to transport
goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
F or wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of truck, as follows:
Tru cker, power (fo rk lift)
Trucker, power (other than fo rk lift)

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----The follow ing areas are surveyed p e rio d ic a lly fo r use in adm inistering the S ervice Contract A ct of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional o ffices shown on the inside front cover.

Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
A m a rillo , Tex.
A sh eville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, G a —
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B ak ersfield , C alif.
Baton Rouge, La.
B iloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, M iss.
B ridgeport, Norw alk, and Stam ford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
C la rk s v ille , Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.— la.
A
Crane, Ind.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth-Superior, Minn.—W is.
Durham, N.C.
E l Paso, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
F argo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
F a yetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leom in ster, M ass.
F o rt Smith, A rk.—
Okla.
F re d e ric k —
Hagerstown, Md.—Pa.—W. Va.
Great F a lls, Mont.
G reensboro—
Winston Salem—
High Point, N.C.
H arrisbu rg, Pa.
Huntsville, Ala.
K n oxville, Tenn.

Copies o f public releases are

L a red o, T ex.
Las V egas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
L ow er E astern Shore, Md.—
Va.
Macon, Ga.
M arquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. M a rie, Mich.
M eridian, M iss.
M iddlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Som erset
Cos., N.J.
M obile, A la ., and Pensacola, Fla.
M ontgom ery, Ala.
N ash ville, Tenn.
New London—
Groton—
Norw ich, Conn.
N ortheastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, C alif.
Panama City, F la.
Pine Bluff, A rk.
Portsm outh, N.H.—
Maine— ass.
M
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, C alif.
Santa Barbara, C alif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, M ass.—Conn.
Stockton, C alif.
Tacom a, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a lle jo —
Napa, C alif.
Wichita F a lls , Tex.
Wilmington, D e l—
N.J.—
Md.

The eleventh annual rep ort on salaries fo r accountants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, d irectors o f personnel,
buyers, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en, and c le r ic a l em ployees. O rder as BLS Bulletin 1693, National
Survey o f P rofession a l, A dm in istrative, Technical, and C le ric a l Pay, June 1970, $1.00 a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any o f its regional sales o ffices.






______

A re a W a g e S u rv ey s
A l i s t o f the la te s t a v a i l a b l e bulle tins is p re s e n te d b e low .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e studies including m o r e l i m i t e d studies conducted at
the r equest of the E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f the D e p artm e n t of L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r eq ue st. Bulletins m ay be pur chas ed f r o m the
Superintendent o f D o cum ents, U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , Washington, D .C ., 20402, o r f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s ales o ff i c e s shown on
the insid e fro nt c o v e r .

A rea
Akron, Ohio, July 1971 1
--------------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N .Y ., M ar. 1971 1
T
________
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Mar. 1971-----------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1971 —
Atlanta, G a ., May 1971----------------------------------------------Baltimore, M d., Aug. 1971----- -----------------------------------Beaumont—
Port Arthur—Orange, Tex., May 1971 ---Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1971 1 ----------------------------------Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1971 1---------------------------------Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1970 1 _________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1971___ __________________________
Buffalo, N .Y., Oct. 1970 1
______________________________
Burlington, V t., M ar. 1971 1-------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, May 1971-------------------------------------------Charleston, W. V a ., M ar. 1971--------------------------------Charlotte, N.C., Jan. 1971---------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1971--------------------------Chicago, 111., June 1970--------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1971 1
----------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1971----- --------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1970 1
-------------------------------------Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1970 1 ------------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—111.,
Feb. 1971______________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1970 1
------------ -----------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1970------------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, May 1971------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1971 1----------------------------------------Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1970 1-----------------------------------Green Bay, Wis., July 197L ---- ---------------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1971 1------------------------------------Houston, Tex., Apr. 1971 1----------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1970 1
-----------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1971 1
-------------------------------------------------------------------------Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1970 1
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1970 1-----------------------Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.—
N.H., June 1971------------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1971----- —
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnarGarden Grove, Calif., M ar. 1971 1
--------------------------Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1970------------------- -------------Lubbock,. Tex., M ar. 1971-----------------------------------------Manchester, N .H ., July 1971------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Nov. 1970------------------------------Miami, Fla., Nov. 1970 1 ------------------------------- ---- —
---Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan.1971-------------------------Milwaukee, W is ., May 1971-------------------------------------Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan.1971------------------- —

Bulletin number
and p rice
1685-87,
1685-54,
1685-58,
1685-75,
1685-69,
1725-16,
1685-68,
1725-6,
1685-63,
1685-21,
1725-11,
1685-43,
1685-59,
1685-71,
1685-57,
1685-48,
1725-14,
1660-90,
1685-53,
1725-17,
1685-33,
1685-22,

40
35
30
30
40
35
35
35
40
35
40
50
35
30
30
30
30
60
45
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-51,
1685-45,
1685-41,
1685-70,
1685-77,
1685-25,
1725-3,
1685-78,
1685-67,
1685-31,
1685-39,
1685-37,
1685-16,
1685-83,
1725-4,

30
40
35
30
50
35
30
35
50
40
35
35
45
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-66,
1685-27,
1685-60,
1725-2,
1685-30,
1685-29,
1685-40,
1685-76,
1685-44,

50
30
30
30
30
40
30
35
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
Muskegon—
Muskegon H eights, M ich., June 1971_____
Newark and J e rs e y City, N .J., Jan. 1971----------------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1971___________________________
New O rleans, L a ., Jan. 1971 1
_________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1971_____________________________
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., J an. 1971 1____________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O kla., July 1971 1_____________________
Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Sept. 1971 1 ______________________
P a te r son— lifton— a ssa ic, N .J., June 1971___________
C
P
Philadelphia, P a.— .J ., Nov. 1970_____________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1971_____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 197 l 1____________________________
Portland, M aine, Nov. 1970_____________________________
Portland, O reg.— ash., May 1971_____________________
W
Provid en ce—
Pawtucket— arwick, R.I.— a s s .,
W
M
M ay 1971 1 _____________________________________________
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1971_______________________________
Richmond, V a ., M ar. 1971_____________________________
R ochester, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations only),

Bulletin number
and price
1685-82,
1685-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1685-89,

30
40
30
40
65

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-46,
1725-8,
1725-13,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1685-49,
1685-19,
1685-85,

35
35
35
35
50
30
50
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,

40 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1725-7,

35
30
50
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

40
30
40
35
30
30
35
35
30
30
35
30
40
30
35
40
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford. 111., May 1971---------------------------------------- 1685-79,
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1971 1
________________________ 1685-65,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1970 1---------------------------- 1685-26,
San Antonio, T ex ., May 1971 1_________________________
1685-81,
San Bernardino— iv e r side— ntario, C alif.,
R
O
Dec. 1970 1
_____________________________________________
1685-42,
San Diego, C a lif., Nov. 1970----------------------------------- 1685-20,
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1970---------------- 1685-23,
San Jose, C a lif., Aug. 1971 1---------------------------------- 1725-15,
Savannah, G a., M ay 1971______________________________
1685-72,
Scranton, P a ., July 1971_______________________________ 1725-1,
Seattle— ver ett, W ash., J an. 197 1 1___________________ 1685-52,
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec. 1970 1
_______________________ 1685-38,
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1971____________________________ 1685-61,
Spokane, Wash., J une 1971------------------------------------ 1685-88,
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1971 1____________________________ 1725-10,
T amp a—
St. P e te rs b u rg , F la ., Nov. 197 0_____________ __ 1685-17,
T o le d o , Ohio— ich., A pr. 1971 1______________________ 1685-74,
M
Trenton, N .J ., Sept. 1971___ __________________________
1725-12,
Utica—R om e, N .Y ., July 1971 1_________________________ 1725-9,
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—V a ., A pr. 1971________________ 1685-56,
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1971__________________________ 1685-55,
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1970 1
____________________________ 1685-32,
W ichita, K an s., Apr. 1971____ _________________________ 1685-64,
W o rcester, M a ss., M ay 1971__________________________ 1685-73,
York, P a ., Feb. 1971___________________________________
1685-50,
Youngstowrr-Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1970_________________ 1685-24,

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C . 2 0 2 1 2

O F F IC IA L B U S IN E S S
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E USE, $ 3 0 0




FIRST CLASS MAIL
P O S TA G E A N D F E E S P A ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102