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D a y to n

&M

o n tg o m e r y

Co,

Public Library

FEB 1 0 1 9 7 2
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region 1
1
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region 1 1
1
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Phone: 3 53-1880 (Area Code 312)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
** Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S p o k a n e , W ash in g to n , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
Ju ne 1971

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 8 8
December 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 30 cents




C o n te n ts

P r e fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , a nd f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in f o r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta t o r e l a t e t o g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g io n s a n d th e U n ite d S t a te s .

I n t r o d u c t io n _________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b le s t
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d __________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a nd s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________
O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and w o m e n ___________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n ------------------------m
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a nd on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., in J u n e 1 9 7 1 . T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f S p o k a n e C o u n ty .
T h is
stu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in San
F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f A d o lp h
O . B e r g e r , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
4

a reas.

NOTE:
S im ila r t a b u la t io n s a r e a v a ila b le
(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

fo r

o th e r

U n io n w a g e r a t e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s
in th e S p o k a n e a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; a nd
l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s an d h e l p e r s .

3

5

6
7
8
9
10
13




In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 9 0 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e f it s on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly
f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a l l i n d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t sh o w n
o r in f o r m a t io n t o s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .

T h is b u ll e t in p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in f o r m a t io n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e la s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t io n s r e p o r t e d in th a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t in g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s a nd in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; a nd s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w age ch a n g e s.
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a nd b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in ta b le 2 , a r e b e t t e r
in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a nd a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; a nd (4) c u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e j o b t i t le s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a nd jo b
s t a ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c tu a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g

1 Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e
i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .




E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u la t io n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u lle t in .
I n fo r m a t io n f o r t h e s e ta b u la t io n s is c o l l e c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e s e t a b u la t io n s o n m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ;
p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u ll e t in s f o r
th is a r e a .




3

T a b le 1. Establishm ents and w ork e rs within scope of survey and num ber studied in S p o k a n e , W a s h .,1
by m ajor industry division,2 June 1971
Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishm ents

Within scope o f study4
Within scope
of study3

A ll d ivision s------------------------------------------------Manufacturing__________________________ _______
Nonmanufa ctur ing_______________________________
T ransportation, com m unication, and
other public utilities 5______________________
W holesale tra d e 6_____________________________
Retail trade 6____________________ __________
F inance, insurance, and real esta te 6_______
S ervices 6 7 _______________________ _________

W orkers in establishm ents

Studied
Number

Studied
P ercent

169

68

26,593

100

17,225

50
"

52
117

22
46

9 ,270
17,323

35
65

6,336
10,889

50
50
50
50
50

20
19
46
14
18

10
7
13
7
9

5,330
1,964
6,639
1,787
1,603

20
7
25
7
6

4,553
930
2,967
1,436
1,003

1 The Spokane Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea , as defined by the Bureau o f the Budget through January 1968, con sists o f Spokane County.
The "w orkers within scop e o f study" estim ates shown in this table p rovid e a reasonably accu rate descrip tion o f the size and com p osition o f the labor
fo r c e included in the survey. The estim ates a re not intended, how ever, to s erve as a basis o f com p arison with other em ploym ent indexes fo r the
area to m easure em ploym ent trends or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f wage surveys req u ires the use o f establishm ent data com p iled con sid era b ly in
advance o f the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded from the scop e o f the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tion Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inimum lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) o f com panies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair s e r v ic e , and m otion picture theaters a re con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w ork ers, in all establishm ents with total em ploym ent (within the area) at or above the m inimum lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A -s e r ie s tables. T axicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry d ivision is represented in estim ates fo r "all in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tab les. Separate presentation
o f data for this division is not m ade fo r one or m ore o f the follow ing rea son s: (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivision is too sm all to provid e enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to p erm it separate p resentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient o r inadequate to
p erm it separate p resentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility o f d isclo s u re o f individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels and m otels: laundries and other personal s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit
m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organ ization s); and engineering and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .

About tw o-fifth s o f the w orkers within scop e o f the survey in the Spokane area w ere
em ployed in m anufacturing firm s.
The follow ing presents the m ajor industry groups and
s p e c ific industries as a percent o f all manufacturing:
Industry groups
P rim a ry m etal in d u s trie s -------42
Food and kindred p ro d u c ts ------17
Printing and publishing------------ 8
Lum ber and wood p rod u cts------ 7
Transportation equipm ent------- 6
E le c tr ic a l equipment and
supplies---------------------------------- 5

S pecific industries
N onferrous rolling and
d ra w in g------------------------------------- 25
P rim a ry nonferrous m eta ls------16
N ew spapers_____________________ 8
Meat p rod u cts---------------------------- 6
E le c tr ic lighting and
wiring equipment_____________ 5

This inform ation is based on estim ates o f total em ploym ent d erived from universe
m aterials com piled p rio r to actual survey.
Pr oportions in various industry divisions may
d iffer from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in dex.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in dexes
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to th e da te o f
the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual rates of in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n th e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t i o n th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u rv e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu siv e of earn in gs fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s are b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im ita tio n s

o f D a ta

M ethod o f C om puting
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e ,
as m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w as a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Clerics, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (automotive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerics, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerics, order
Tool and die makers
class B
Clerics, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (men and women):
A and B
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls

The
p l i e d b y th e
in the g r o u p
w e re rela ted
g a t e f o r th e




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
The p e r ce n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

avera ge (m ean) ea rn in gs fo r ea ch o ccu p a tio n w e re m u lt i­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e totaled.
The a ggregates fo r 2 co n se cu tiv e ye a rs
b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
ea rlier year.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,

4




5

T ab le 2.
Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., June 1 9 7 0 and June 1971, and p ercents of change ‘ fo r selected periods
Manufacturing

A ll industries
P eriod

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(men and
wom en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

O ffice
cle rica l
(men and
wom en)

Indu strial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

( 2)
(2)

122.1
(2)

111.2
126.0

(2)
(2)

118.9
(2)

112.5
141.8

Indexes (June 1967=100)
June 1970________________________________________
June 1971_____ __________________________________

114.4
124.6

(2)
(2)

121.2
132.6

117.7
124.4

(2)
(2)

Indexes (May 1961=100)
June 1967________________________________________
June 1971-------------------------------------------------------------

123.1
153.4

(2)
(2 )

120.5
159.9

124.9
155.3

(2)
(2)

P ercents of change 1
May 1961 to May 1962__________________________
May 1962 to May 1963__________________________
May 1963 to May 1964__________________________
May 1964 to June 1965:
13-month in crea s e ___________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e -____________________

2.6
3.8
2.6

( )
(2)
(2)

3.9
2.2
2.4

5.5
2.1
2.1

( >
(2)
(2 )

(2)
(2)
(2)

4.1
2.2
1.7

3.9
3—
.4
1.5

2.6
2.4

(2)
(2)

4.2
3.9

3.1
2.9

(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)

4.6
4.2

3.5
3.2

June
June
June
June
June
June

3.3
6.2
4.3
5.2
4.3
8.9

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

2.4
3.8
10.5
4.1
5.4
9.4

2.7
7.3
3.6
6.5
6.6
5.7

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

.8
4.2
11.6
3.7
5.5
(2)

.4
3.2
3.2
6.6
1.1
13.3

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970

to
to
to
to
to
to

June
June
June
June
June
June

1966_________________________
1967_________________________
1968--------------------------------------1969_________________________
1970--------------------------------------1971_________________________

1 A ll changes are in crea ses unless otherw ise indicated.
2 Data do not m eet publication c r ite ria .
3 This decline la rgely re fle cts em ployee turnover within and between high- and low -w age establishm ents rather than wage d e cre a s e s.

NOTE: M ost p reviou sly published indexes fo r the Spokane area used May 1961 as the base period.
They can be converted to the new base period by dividing them by the correspon din g index num bers fo r
June 1967 on the May 1961 base period as shown in the table. (The resu lt should by m ultiplied by 100.)

6

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Spokane, Wash., June 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

65

Average
weekly
Mean 2

M edian *

$

5

*

%

$

%

$

»

t

t

$

$

S

$

$

$

i

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

6

4

2

10

3

-

-

-

5

-

2
2

“

1
1

~

”

“

3
3

_

-

-

~

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

and
inder

Middle range2

(standard)

70

MEN
*9-2
1
O
o

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

26
26

39.5
39.5

97.00
97. 00

95.50
95.50

88.00- 10 2. 00
88.00-102.00

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------

19

40.0

99.50 101.50

89 .0 0- 10 5. 00

_
_

_

:

_

_

~

-

O
O

38.5 146.00 145.50

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

f*»

30

CLERKS,

WOMEN

5

3

5

5

3

5

-

-

6

_

-

_

_

_

9

5

8

2
7

2
3

2
6

5
5

5
5

-

2

7

_

-

“

~

2

2

-

-

_

:

3
3

13
6
7

~

95
25
70

39.5 107.00 105.00
40 .0 113.00 112.50
39.5 105.00 103.00

89.50-118.50
96 .0 0-130.00
88. 50-118.00

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ---------------

36

39.5

75.50

75.50

72.00- 79.50

14

CLERKS, OR DE R -------------------

37

40 .0

93.50

93.00

88.00- 98.50

2

-

-

12

8

9

4

-

-

i

-

-

CLERKS,

PAYROLL ----------------

19

39.5 137.50 122.50 115.00-181.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

4

2

-

CO MP TO ME TE R O P E R A T O R S ---------

36

40.0 106.50 106.50

91. 00— 124.50

-

1

6

2

-

3

5

5

4

-

2

4

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

45
27

39.0 129.50 126.00
38.5 106. 00 111.00

97. 50-167.00
93.00- 11 8. 50

-

_

-

-

*

“

6
6

3
3

-

*

3
3

_

“

3
3

4
4

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

34
32

3 9.0
39.0

99.00
98.50

93.50
92.50

85.50-120. 50
85 .0 0- 12 1. 00

-

3

1

?

_

-

1
1

1

-

9
9

OF FI CE GIRLS ------------------------

15

39.0

79.00

81.00

4

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------

181
52
129

o

o
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

C
D

39.5 122.50 118.00 103.00-136.50
39.5 139.00 137.00 122.00-146.00
39.5 113.00 103.50 102.30-126.50

0
1

50
18
32

*

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

8
8

12

18
4
14

5

“

7
7

6

5

2

3

5
5

6

5

2

2

6

22
4

_

-

7

-

-

3
-

16

-

7

3

12

6
6

_

_

-

-

32
30

38.5 113.00 116.00
38.5 114.50 116.50

97.0 0- 12 4. 00
98.3 3- 12 6* 00

_

SE CR ET AR IE S, CLASS C
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---

69
48

39.0 121.00 118.53 106.00-129.50
39.5 121.00 117.50 10 7.00-132.00

_

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 —
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----

71
43

39.5 1 19.50 106.00
39.5 101.50 97.00

95.0 0- 15 7. 00
93.0 0- 11 0. 00

_

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

61
53

40.0 101.00
96.50
40.0

85.00-116.00
85 .0 0- 10 6. 00

-




4

2
2

6

8
8

1

6

1

2
1
1

12
3
9

_

1

1

3
-

i
-

6
-

5
4

3

3

i

6

i

i
2

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

5

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

i
i

-

2

15

1

_

-

-

1
1

-

2

SECRETARIES, CLASS
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG

See footnotes at end of tables.

4

2

39.0 120. 00 113.50 99 .5 0- 13 4. 50
39.0 135.00 127.50 104.50-162.00
39.0 114.00 110.50 98.00- 12 5. 50

92.50
92.00

23
23

-

4

18

5

2
*

1
1

-

7

4
7

7
6

5
5

_

_

-

13

4

2

7

7

3

2

5

4
4

_

-

13
6

7

2
2

2
2

9
9

-

14

5

5

14

3

3
3

_

ii

i
i

3
3

14
12

16

2

6
6

2
2

_

14

1
1

6

3

12

10

3

3

2

2

3

_

3

11

9

11
11

3

3

2

2

1

6
5

6

5

5
3

1

1

2

1

_

2
2

_

-

-

-

“

1

_

1

-

-

"
-

_
-

1
1
5

3
3

1

9

5

-

~

5
5

13

n

-

1

7

i
8

15
15

18

-

9

13

2
11

12
6
6

3

-

22
4

-

2
4

_

-

1
1
“

-

2

_

-

*

_

-

*

*

_

_

_

7
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Spokane, Wash., June 1971)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

*
70

Mean 2

M edian 2

Middle range2

[standard)

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

i
180

t
190

200

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

l

*
65

Average
weekly

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t
t
(
*
$
$
*
$
t
t

l

$

t

i

%

t

*

t

and
under
70

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D

j

,L N U o K A r t l L K if

j uN 1UIS

j W l 1 Ul I13UA K U U r t K A 1 U K u f

127.50-155.50

2^
vL Au j

10

1

^0 *0

u

35

40.0 109.00 106.00

85.00-146.50

2

-

-

7

5

i

l

1

5

-

2

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

S W IT CH BO AR O O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

42
52

39.0 1 03.00
39.0 100. 00

90.50
0T. ^0

81.00- 11 2. 00

-

-

9

1

5

2

1

2

3

-

1

*

-

-

-

7

-

TYPISTS,

50

40.0

90.00

83 .00- 99.00

-

6

5
2

1
1
11
8
8

9

1
1

3

?

1

3

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

CLASS B ---------------------

95.00

5

*

7

2

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Spokane, Wash. , June 1971)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

1

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t

t

t

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range2

(standard)

140

a" d
under
140

t

t

150

t

150

155

-

2

155

t

t

t

160

165

170

t

t

t

175

180

185

t

t

t

195

200

205

-

and

145

145

190

-

135

Average
weekly

160

165

170

175

180

185

-

1

193

195

200

205 over

MEN

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------




See footnotes at end of tables.

48

$
$
$
1839.5 185.00 199. 50 170 .00 -2 03 .00

4

—

4

-

2

7

-

1

4

21

2

-

8

T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o fe s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Spokane, Wash., June 1971)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

99.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING-------------

34
32

3 9 .0
39. 0

9 9 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

3 9.0 131.00
4 0.0 141.50
3 9.0 126.50

OFFICE BOYS ANO GIRLS--------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

24

3 9 .0
39. 5

9 0 . 50
8 8 .0 0

39.5 107.00
4 0.0 113.00
39.5 105.00

SECRETARIES------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------N N AN F ACTURING-----------------OM U

80

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

97

$
9 7 .0 0
97. 00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C

36

3 9 .5

CLERKS, ORDER --------NONM
ANUFACTURING

67
66

4 0 .0 114. 00
40.0 1 14.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------

24

39.5 141. 50

7 5 .5 0

Ave rage

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS $
106. 50

3 9 .0

19




CONTINUED

45
27

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------

72

Weekl y
earnings 1
(standard)

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING -------------

3 9.5
3 9.5

25

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

36

26
26

25
55

Number
of

COM
PTOM
ETER OPERATORS---------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORSf
CLASS A -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

Ave rage

Occupation and industry division

17

4 0 .0

3 8 .5

1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

182
52
130

3 9 .0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING — ■

32
30

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

70

49

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 1 . 50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
NONMANUFACTURING —

71
43

3 9 .5

1 1 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

1 0 1 .5 0

Weekl y
hours 1
(standard)

Weekl y
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

61

53

4 0.0
40* 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

34
25

4 0.0 139. 50
4 0.0 136.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

35
35

4 0.0 109.00
4 0 .0 109.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

42
32

39.0 103.00
39.0 106.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

50
45

4 0.0
4 0.0

56
48

39. 5 182.00
39. 5 185.00

00
96.50

101.

1 1 3 .0 3
1 1 4 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

Numb er
of

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

95. 00
88.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

9
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Spokane, Wash., June 1971)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

1
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

i

5

3.30 3 .4 0
and
under

l

I

I

*

t

I

$

i

$

t

t

i

i

$

t

t

i

$

3.50 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3.90 4 .0 0 4. 10 4 .2 0 4 .30 4 .4 0 4 .5 0 4 .6 0 4 .7 0 4 .8 0 4 .9 0 5.00 5 .1 0 5.20 5.30
and

3 .4 0 3 .50 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 ,0 0 4. 10 4 ,20 4 ,3 0 4 .4 0 4 .5 0 4 .6 0 4 .7 0 4 .8 0 4 .9 0 5.00 5 .1 0 5 .2 0 5.30 over

MEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

48
21

$
4 .5 4
4 .9 8

$
4. 40
4 .87

$
$
4 .0 3 - 4 .8 8
4 .8 3 - 5.15

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

129
119

5.17
5.11

5. 16
5.15

5 .1 3 - 5 .1 9
5 .1 2 - 5 .1 8

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

29
15

4 .3 4
3. 86

4.49
3.92

3 .9 1 - 4 .8 6
3 .6 0 - 3 .9 8

MACHINISTS,

1

2

-

-

-

-

5

16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE -------------

65

5.15

5.15

-

3

7
7

9

-

108
108

-

-

-

-

-

13
-

1
1

_

115
32
83
65

4 .50
4.73
4.41
4 .4 0

4. 55
4.76
4.53
4.53

4 .3 7 4 .5 8 4 .1 9 3 .7 9 -

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

258
258

4. 84
4 .84

4.94
4 .94

4 .9 0 - 4 .9 8
4 .9 0 - 4 .98

-

4. 11
4.11

4 .17
4 .17

3 .8 7 - 4 .3 5
3 .8 7 - 4 .35

-

M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

31
31

_

4
4

i
i

_

2
2

6
6

1
1

-

9

3

-

1
1

-

*

2
2

-

-

1
l

-

-

2

5 .1 2 - 5.18




-

13

1

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

3
3

-

2
2

57

4

4 .5 9
4 .9 3
4 .5 7
4 .5 7

18
-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

i
i

-

1

“
-

2

3

7
6

1

2

3

1

-

-

18
18

-

i

“

-

_

_

-

-

-

*

-

12
12

9
9

7
7

10
10
_
-

■
13
13

56

14
14

10
10

_

*

12
12
-

-

11
11
-

-

*

-

*

3
53
41

-

-

-

2
2

9
9

3
3

170

_

30

170

-

30

2
-

6

4

-

3
3

3
-

-

-

10

T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l an d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Spokane, Wash., June 1971)
Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

straight-time hourly earnings f--$
%
(
$
t
i
$
%
i
$
$
$
2 .9 0 3.00 3.20 3. 40 3 .6 0 3. 80 4. 00 4 .2 0 4. 40 4.60 4. 80 5.00
and
3 .00 3 .20 3.40 3 .6 0

o
C
O
C
O

Number of workers receiving
%
*
$
$
t
t
$
%
t
2. 50 2.60 2 .7 0 2. 80
Under 1.90 2.00 2.10 2. 20 2.30 2.40
and
*
1.90 under
2.00 2. 10 2.20 2. 30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2.90

3
3

9
9

.0 0 4 .20 4 .4 0 4 .60 4.80 5.00 over

MN
E
$
3. 86
3 .9 4

$
4 .1 4
4 .15

$
$
3 .6 4 - 4 .2 2
3 .6 5 - 4 .2 3

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------

246) 2.71
74 3.53
172 2.35
28 3 .33

2.32
3.64
2.18
3 .5 3

2 .1 4 3 .6 1 2 .1 1 2 .9 7 -

3 .60
3.67
2 .4 0
3 .58

10
10

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES-----------------------

255
69
186
61

3 .7 4
3 #44
3.85
4 .3 9

3.77
3.62
3.85
4.71

3 .5 5 3 .5 2 3 .5 7 3 .8 6 -

3 .8 9
3 .67
4 .1 4
4 .7 6

_

ORDER

FILLERS ------------------------------------

121

3 .53

3.61

3 .2 5 - 3 .6 8

PACKERS, SHIPPING-------------------------------

126

3 .75

3.76

3 .7 2 - 3 .85

RECEIVING CLERKS-------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

31
26

3.76
3.63

3.68
3.66

3 .3 9 - 4 .1 3
3 .3 8 - 3.83

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

15
15

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

3.82
3.82

3 .7 4 - 3 .8 9
3 .7 4 - 3.89

TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES-----------------------

442
106
336
223

4 .5 6
4 .5 7
4 .5 5
4 .6 9

4.81
4.81
4.81
4 .8 4

4 .2 4 4 .1 7 4 .2 5 4 .8 1 -

4 .8 6
4 .8 7
4 .8 6
4 .8 7

4

TRUCKDRIVERS, M
EDIUM ( 1 -1 /2 TO
AN INCLUDING 4 TONSI -----------------D
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------

222
15
207
178

4 .5 2
4.02
4 . 55
4 .6 5

4.82
4.05
4.83
4 .84

4 .0 0 3 .7 8 3 .9 9 4 .8 1 -

4 .8 6
4 .2 9
4 .8 6
4.87

4
5

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE! --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES-----------------------

144
28
116
45

4 .5 8
4 .55
4 .5 9
4.86

4.58
4.74
4 .5 7
4.85

4 .2 7 4 .1 8 4 .2 8 4 .8 3 -

4 .8 4
4 .8 0
4 .8 4
4 .8 8

9
9

TRUCKERS, POW
ER (FORKLIFTI -------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

293
75

4 .0 7
3 .98

4 . 14

4 .0 3

4 .0 3 - 4 .21
3 .5 8 - 4 .0 8

GUARDS AN WATCHMEN--------------------------C
MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




40
38

2
“

*

-

-

-

2
2

“

22
22

9
2
7

58
58

22
2
20

13
13

5
5

3
3

1
1

5
5
2

-

1
1

2
2

4

2
2

4
4
-

~
-

6
6
-

4
4

4

-

12
12

12
12

“

"

“

63
59
4
4

-

-

~
"

_

-

-

“

“

-

33
16
17

54
42
12
7

63
63
14

20
20
-

-

5
5
5

35
35
35

-

-

-

45

12

8

-

-

-

-

-

74

15

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

2
2

4
4

4

-

“

1

_

5
5

5
5

3
3

*

-

-

_
*

-

48
31

36
28
8
2

53
5
48
“

38
38
“

4
4
“

“

~

“

“

10
2
8
8

2
2
“

1
1
1

22
9
13
13

-

2

18

?

18

2
2
56

-

16
2
2

6
6
2
2

5

_

-

48

*

4

5
~
5

48

12

4
2

“

48

6
6

31

2

2

“

6

12
12

_

-

37

32
32

12
12
-

69

-

-

38
1

22
8

”

~
”

13
13

13

12
3

156
43

6

“

2 40
52
188
188
143
143
143
51
6

45
45
8
8

-

~
6

4
2
~

-

2
2
*
-

Footnotes

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th an th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than th e r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th an th e h i g h e r r a t e .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .







Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s fo r the B u re a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ro p r ia te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u nd er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t itle s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to esta b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the gro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age ra te s re p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n ten t.
B e c a u s e o f this e m p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in te ra re a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o cc u p a tio n a l co n te n t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th ose in u se in
in d ivid u al e sta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In app lyin g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u re a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s tru cte d
to e x clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; tr a in e e s ; and h an dicap ped, p a r t -t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M ACHINE

P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th er than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic t y p e w r it e r .
M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m oth er
c l e r i c a l w o rk in cid en ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c la s s i f ie d b y type o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :
B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (M o o n H opkin s, E llio tt
F is h e r , B u rr o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a tio n typing and adding m a ch in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ­
r a n d u m s, e t c . U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e te r m in e d d is c o u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s ,
and e n try o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be co m p u te d on the b illin g m a ch in e ,
and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . The o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s
a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b ill be in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld
m a ch in e.
B i l le r , m a ch in e (b ook k eep in g m a c h in e ). U se s a boo k k e e p in g m a ch in e (S u n dstran d , E llio tt
F is h e r , R em in gto n Rand, e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y not have ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a rt o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s t,he s im u lta ­
n eous e n try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a nu m ber o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and co m p u te s , and u s u a lly p rin ts a u to m a tica lly the
d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n ow ledge o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n ifo rm
and stan dard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f il e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a tter) h e a d ­
ing s " o r - p a r tly c la s s i f ie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su b h ea d in gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la te d in d ex and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a t e s c le a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r ia l.
M ay p e r f o r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b e e n c la s s i f ie d o r w h ich
is e a s ily c la s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s if ic a t io n s y s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ith draw al c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual ta sk s r e ­
q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .

CLERK,

O p e ra te s a bo o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (R e m in g to n Rand, E llio tt F is h e r , Sun dstrand, B u rr o u g h s ,
N ational C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ithout a t y p e w rite r k e yb o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s
t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n ow led ge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
book k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s te m
u s e d . D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d it ite m s to be u se d in e a ch
ph a se o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n ce s h e e ts , and o th er r e c o r d s
b y hand.

CLERK,

C la s s B. K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c t io n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir in g little k n ow ledge o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u nd er b i ll e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r the a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.
A C CO U N TIN G

C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a cco u n ta n t, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k eep in g one o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to one phase
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t 's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W ork in v o lv e s p ostin g and b a la n cin g s u b s id ia r y
le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a cco u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; exa m in in g and co d in g
in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a cco u n tin g d is trib u tio n ; and r e q u ir e s ju d gm en t and e x p e r i ­
e n ce in m aking p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , ad ju stin g , and
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d i r e c t c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

PAYROLL

C o m p u te s w a ges o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D uties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o stin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll s h eet, show in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g
d a y s , t im e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and total w a g e s due. M ay m ake out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d is trib u tin g pay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay use a c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e .
CO M PTOM ETER OPER ATOR
P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a th e m a tica l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b is not to be co n fu s e d w ith that o f s t a t is t ic a l o r oth er type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
quent use o f a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u se o f th is m a ch in e is in cid en ta l to p e r fo r m a n c e o f
othe r dutie s .

K EYPU N C H O P E R A T O R

C la s s B. U nder s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a cco u n tin g o p e r a tio n s such
as postin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n ts paya ble v o u c h e r s , e n te rin g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; and p o stin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o stin g s im p le c o s t a cco u n tin g data. T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
ed ge of a ccou n tin g and boo k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o f fi c e s in w h ich the m o r e rou tin e
a ccou n tin g w o rk is su b d ivid e d on a fu n ctio n a l b a s is a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e an y c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Q uoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m ak in g out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis tin g the ite m s to m ake up the o r d e r ; c h e ck in g p r i c e s and qu a n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r
sh eet; and d is trib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a rtm e n ts to be f ille d . M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it
d e p a rtm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , a ck n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o llo w up o r d e r s to see that th e y have been f il l e d , k e e p file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping
i n v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A . In an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m con tain in g a nu m ber o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f ie s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ica l d o c u ­
m e n ts , e t c . M ay a l s o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p es in co n ju n ctio n
w ith the f il e s .
M ay le a d a sm a ll g rou p of lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

13

C la s s A . O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r a lp h a b e tic a l o r com b in a tio n keypu n ch m a ch in e to
t r a n s c r ib e data f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to k eypu nch tabulating c a r d s . P e r f o r m s sam e
ta sk s as lo w e r le v e l keypu n ch o p e r a t o r but, in a d d ition , w o rk r e q u ir e s a p p lic a t io n o f c od in g
s k ills and the m aking o f s o m e d e te r m in a tio n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on the s o u r c e d ocu m en t
the ite m s to be punched; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts ; and s e a r c h e s f o r and
in t e r p r e t s in fo r m a tio n on the d o c u m e n t to d e te r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be pu n ch ed. M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

14
K EYP U N C H O P E R A T O R — C on tinued
C la s s B.
U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i fi c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r ib e s data f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to punched c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r co m b in a tio n keypu n ch m a ch in e to k eypu nch tabulating c a r d s . M ay v e r i fy c a r d s .
W orking fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts , f o llo w s s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich have
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g
o f data to be pun ch ed. P r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in fo r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

SE C R E T A R Y — C on tinued
d. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l plan t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r eq u iv a len t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a ge m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l
hu n dred p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o f fic e m a ­
ch in es su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , opening and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M aintain s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o -d a y w o r k a c t iv it ie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a ir l y in d e ­
pen d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l ls ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir ie s , and r o u te s the t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f il e s ; (c) m ain tain s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s ap p o in tm e n ts as in s tr u c t e d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a te s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s
f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r f o r m s
ste n o g r a p h ic and typing w o rk .
M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le nature and d iffic u lt y .
The w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n ow led ge o f o f fic e ro u tin e and u n d erstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x clu s io n s
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as f o llo w s : (a) P o s it io n s w h ich d o not m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ; (b) s te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l
type d u tie s ; (c) s te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o f fic e a s s is ta n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ich the d u tie s a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e
rou tin e o r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;
and (e) a s s is ta n t type p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l du tie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th ose o f fi c ia ls w ho have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . The title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f this r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify su ch p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d ivid u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t io n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r d e n y in divid u al loan o r c r e d it a c t io n s ;
a d m in is te r in d ivid u a l tr u s t a c c o u n t s ; d ir e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f ap p lyin g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y t o the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

of

b . S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
se g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y t o the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

of

b. S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o the h ead (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e t c .) or~a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000
e m p lo y e e s ; or




C

a. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not equ iva len t
to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l s itu a tion s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B, but w h o s e su b ord in a te sta ff
n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r th e r s u b d iv id ed . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in clu d e s
a w id e ra n ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly on e o r tw o ; c>r
b. S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l plan t, f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r o th e r eq u iv a len t l e v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

D

a. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r
b. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E ; M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , ra th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to this l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN OGRAPH ER,

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e ith e r in sh orthand o r b y S tenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay
a ls o type f r o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth er r e la t iv e ly
rou tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M ay o p e r a te f r o m a ste n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e w o rk .
(S ee t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)

STEN OG RAPH ER,

SENIOR

P r im a r y duty is t o take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
su ch as in le g a l b r i e fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e ith e r in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay a ls o type f r o m w ritten
copy.
M ay a l s o s e t up and m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s ste n o g r a p h ic d u ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s i ­
b ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l as e v id e n c e d b y the f o llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s high d e g r e e of
ste n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; and a th orou gh w ork in g k n ow led ge of g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f the s p e c i fi c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g r a p h ic d u ties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
ta sk s such a s , m a in tain in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , le t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and rou tin g in c o m in g m a il; and
a n s w e rin g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w ork .
S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n telep h on e s w itc h b o a r d han dling in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l ls . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e o r han dles
c o m p le x c a l l s , su ch as c o n f e r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l ls , e ith e r in a d d ition to
doin g ro u tin e w o r k as d e s c r ib e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B , o r as a fu ll- t im e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u l l" te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen the e s ta b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d
fu n ctio n s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d ersta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g ., b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w h ic h e x te n s io n s a r e a p p ro p r ia te f o r c a l ls .)
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d han dlin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l ls . M a y h an dle rou tin e lon g d is ta n c e c a l ls and r e c o r d t o lls .
M ay p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e . ( " L im i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s i f the fu n ctio n s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d ers ta n d a b le f o r telep h on e
in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s ts a r e ro u tin e , e .g ., g ivin g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s w hen
s p e c i fi c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l ls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n oth er o p e r a t o r .)

15
S W IT C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

In a d d i t io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a rt o f r e g u la r
d u tie s.
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h il e at
sw itc h b o a r d .

O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

C la s s C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s t h e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w it h s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and s o m e filin g w o r k .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

GENERAL

O PERATOR

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , arid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w it h o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o f t e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s t o b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v is io n o f th e w o r k and p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t io n t o th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u la t io n s
in v o l v i n g
a r e p e t it iv e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e bu t s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d ie s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a in i n g o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r it te n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t i n c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L AN D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER O PE R A T O R

COM PUTER PROGRAM ER,

M o n ito r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l co m p u te r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to o p e ra tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in clu d e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
S tudies in s tru ctio n s to d e te r m in e equ ip m e n t setup and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
ite m s (tape r e e ls , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y equ ipm en t into c ir c u i t , and sta rts
and o p e r a te s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju stm e n ts to co m p u te r to c o r r e c t o p e ra tin g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m ad e during o p e r a tio n and d e te r m in e s c a u s e o r r e fe r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m ain tain s o p e ra tin g r e c o r d s . M ay t e s t and a s s is t in c o r r e c t in g
program .

C o n v e r ts sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b le m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t, into
a s e q u e n c e o f d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u tom a tic data
p r o c e s s in g e qu ip m en t.
W ork in g f r o m c h a r ts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c is e
in s tru ctio n s w h ich , w hen e n te r e d into the co m p u te r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e, c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la tio n o f data to a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n ow led ge
o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a t h e m a t ic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tter
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r ts and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b le m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s te p s , w r it e s d e ta ile d flo w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r ts to c o d e d in s tru ctio n s f o r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e ra tin g p e r s o n n e l du rin g p r o d u c t io n run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f fi c ie n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n ts ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v is io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m in g sh ou ld b e c la s s i f ie d as s y s te m s a n a ly s ts if th is is the s k ill u s e d to d e te r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s ;

C la s s A . O p e r a te s in d ep en d en tly, o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t i c s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fre q u e n tly t e s te d and
in tro d u c e d ; sch ed u lin g r e q u ir e m e n ts a r e o f c r it i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; the
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n tific a tio n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n re q u ire s a w o rk in g
k n ow led ge o f the to ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a ila b le .
M ay g iv e
d ir e c t io n and gu id a n ce t o lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s in d e p e n d e n tly, o r u nd er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n , a c o m p u te r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r is t i c s : M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c tio n ru n s, t y p ic a lly run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te stin g
o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; alte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b le t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s ,
d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and tak es c o r r e c t i v e a ctio n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s app lyin g p r e v io u s ly p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r u sin g stan dard c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iq u e s .

BUSINESS

D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o th e r e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t if ic a n d /o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a se s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t ic e s . W ork in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s and c h a r ts w h ich id e n tify the n atu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g s te p s to be
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s tep s o f the p r o b le m s o lv in g r o u tin e ;
p lan s the fu ll ran ge o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n eed ed to e ffic ie n t ly u tiliz e the co m p u te r s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s ir e d end p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a te s under d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a co m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith the c h a r a c t e r is t i c s d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A . M ay a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
pen d en tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and w ith fre q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u nd er c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o rk in g k n ow led ge o f the c o m p u te r equ ipm en t u se d and a b ility to d e te c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in
running rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d s o m e f o r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t th is le v e l, p r o g r a m in g is d iffic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u te r eq u ip m en t m u s t be o r g a n iz e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts f r o m n u m e r o u s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x te n s iv e n u m b er o f in te rn a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
s u ch a c tio n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k age po in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm en ts to data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tion and r e s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n ts
to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

16
COM PUTER PROGRAM ER,

BUSINESS— C on tinued

C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T ,

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u nd er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la tiv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a tio n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o rts
and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin in g , ada ptin g, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r ad d ition s to o r
d e le tio n s fr o m input data w h ich a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W hile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a c tio n s s o that the a c c u r a c y and se q u e n cin g
o f data can b e te s te d b y u sin g a fe w rou tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
rou tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g type o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d f o r c la s s A) u nd er c lo s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u nd er f a ir l y c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M ay guide o r in s tr u c t lo w e r .le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

BUSINESS

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th em b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic
data p r o c e s s in g equ ipm en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r ip t io n o f a ll s p e c ific a t io n s n e e d e d to en ab le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be a u tom ated and id e n tifie s co n d itio n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f il e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
be u s e d ; ou tlin es a c tio n s to be p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d e ta il f o r
p r e s e n ta tio n to m a n a ge m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m in g (ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o rk and
data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f te s t p r o b le m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r ia l runs o f
new and r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s equ ip m e n t ch a n g e s to obtain m o r e e ffe c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both S y s te m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g should be c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u se d to d e te r m in e th e ir p ay.)
D o e s not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m an agem en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a lysts p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t if ic o r e n g in e e rin g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

d ir e c t io n

C la s s C . W o rk s u nd er im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s as a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o rk . F o r e x a m p le,
m a y a s s is t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s te m s a n a lyst b y p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c ific a t io n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s fr o m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l an a lyst.

to lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d

C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x ite m s having d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a tu r e s that d iffe r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c lo s e su p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e ffe c t o f e a ch ch an ge on the d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
pon en ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a to r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a fts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
ca tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u ties t y p ic a lly i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s : P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p es,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c tu r a l d ra w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fou n d a tion s, w a ll
s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f. U s e s a c c e p t e d fo r m u la s and m an u a ls in m aking n e c e s s a r y
co m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e qu a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tren g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d eq u a cy .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g t h r e e d im in s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c la r i f y p o s itio n in g of
co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b er o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju sts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m eth od s o f a p p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . In s tr u c tio n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W ork m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D RAFTSM AN - TR AC ER

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r und er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s
in v olv in g a ll p h a se s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s
o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te ­
g r a te d p r o d u c tio n sch e d u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y ite m o f e a c h type is a u to m a tica lly p r o c e s s e d th rou gh the fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s
and a p p ro p r ia te fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e in itia te d b y the c o m p u te r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e te r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t-m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
the im p lic a t io n s o f new o r r e v is e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M ak es r e c o m ­
m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n g e s and fo r
obtaining equ ipm en t.
M ay p r o v id e fu n ctio n a l
a s s is t.

OR
W ork s on a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r ib e d fo r
c la s s A. W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s tr u c t io n and g u id an ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c tio n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r alin em en t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s te m .

D RAFTSM AN

C la s s C . M ak es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p ts u s u a lly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in the
a p p lic a tio n o f stan dard p r o c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c ts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ; and w o rk is r e v ie w e d to v e r i fy its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R SY STE M S A N A L Y S T ,

BUSINESS— C on tinued

m a in tain in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m ain tain in g in v e n to r y a ccou n ts
in a m a n u fa ctu rin g or. w h o le s a le e s ta b lis h m e n t.) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lied .

to

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r und er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a r e
r e la tiv e ly u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , pla n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a te . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim ite d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c lo s e l y
r e la te d .
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in tain in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a bank,

C o p ie s p la n s and d ra w in gs p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in gs and t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o r k is c lo s e l y s u p e r v is e d

N U R SE, IN D U STR IA L ( R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i ll o r
in ju re d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G ivin g f i r s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju re d ; attending t o su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eep in g r e c o r d s
o f patien ts t r e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and health e v a lu a tion s o f a p p lica n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g health e d u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev a lu a tion o f plant e n v iro n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h e a lth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

M A IN TEN A N C E Ah D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPEN TER,

M A IN TE N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir bu ild in g
w o o d w o r k and equ ipm en t such as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and tr im m ade o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P lan n in g
and layin g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s u sin g a v a r ie t y




CARPENTER,

M A IN TE N A N C E — C on tinued

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m aking
stan dard sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

17
E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TE N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n ctio n s su ch as the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce ,
o r r e p a ir o f equ ipm en t f o r the g e n e r a tio n , d is trib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l equ ipm en t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o ll e r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , heatin g u n its, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th er t r a n s m is s io n equ ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m
b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th er s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r equ ipm en t; w o rk in g stan d ard co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c ia n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and
te s tin g in s tru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in te n a n ce e l e c t r i c ia n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

the v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and alin in g w h e e ls ,
ad ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tightenin g b o d y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u tom otiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n ­
t ic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , ST A T IO N A R Y
O p e ra te s and m ain tain s and m ay a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n o f s ta tio n a r y e n gin es and
equipm ent (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to su p p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g and m ain tain in g equipm ent
su ch as s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , ve n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e ra tin g eq u ip m en t, s te a m b o i le r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r pu m p s; m aking equipm ent r e p a ir s ; and
k eep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l co n s u m p tio n . M ay a ls o su ­
p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s sta tio n a r y b o i le r s to fu rn is h the e sta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith heat, p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f ir e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r gas o r o il b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a te r and s a fe ty v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o i l, o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i le r r o o m equ ipm en t.
H ELPER,

M A IN TE N A N C E TR AD ES

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
c le a n in g .w ork in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and equ ipm en t; a s s is tin g jo u r n e y m a n b y h oldin g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
The kind o f w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n ­
fin e d to su p p lyin g, liftin g , and h oldin g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls and cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in
o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a ch in e t o o ls , su ch as jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , en gine la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n s t r u c tio n of
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setups
o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; s e le c t in g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm e n ts du rin g o p e r a tio n to
a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M ay be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n eed d r e s s ­
in g, to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r co o la n ts and cutting and lu b r ic a tin g o i ls . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u stry w age study p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and die jo b b in g shops
a re e x c lu d e d f r o m this c la s s ific a t io n .
M AC H IN IST, M A IN TE N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p arts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f m e ta l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ­
ic a l equipm ent o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g
w ritte n in s tru ctio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; planning and layin g out o f w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
c h in is t 's h a n d tools and p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; se ttin g up and o p e ra tin g stan d ard m a ch in e
t o o ls ; shaping o f m eta l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m aking stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g t o
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , fe e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n ow led ge o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s
o f the c o m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le c t in g stan dard m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and equipm ent r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts into m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t ’ s w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E (M a intena nce)

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : E x am in in g au to m o tiv e equipm ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b lin g equ ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v o lv e the u s e o f su ch h an dtools as
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i ll s , o r s p e c ia liz e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts fr o m s to c k ; grin d in g and adju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g




A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)— C on tinued

M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the f o llo w in g : E x am in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l equipm ent to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d ism a n tlin g o r p a r tly d ism a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a rts w ith ite m s obtain ed
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p art b y a m a ch in e shop o r sen din g o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e shop f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r the p r o d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f a m a in ten a n ce m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d e d fr o m this c la s s if ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
d u ties in v o lv e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h ea v y equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s ta lls m a ch in es o r
h e a v y equipm ent w hen ch an ges in the plant layou t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : P lan n in g and la y in g out o f the w o rk ; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ; using
a v a r ie t y o f h an d tools and r ig g in g ; m aking stan d ard shop com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; a lin in g and b a la n cin g o f equ ip m en t; s e le c t in g stan d ­
a r d t o o ls , eq u ip m en t, and p a r ts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g and m ain tain in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m is s io n equipm ent su ch as d r iv e s and sp eed r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w ork
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n ded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
equ ipm en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

the

m ov in g p a rts

o r w e a r in g s u r fa c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN TE N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in ­
v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n ow led ge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p es o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r painting b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g putty o r f il l e r
in n ail h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; and app lyin g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i ls ,
w hite le a d , and o th er paint in g re d ie n ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh
a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
In s ta lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r oth er ty p es o f pipe and p ip efittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f w o rk and m e a s u r in g to l o ­
ca te p o s it io n o f pipe fr o m d ra w in gs o r oth er w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe
to c o r r e c t len gth s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -cu ttin g m a ch in e ; t h r e a d ­
ing pipe w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; bend ing p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ipe w ith co u p lin g s and fa ste n in g pipe to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan dard sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m aking stan dard t e s ts to d e te r m in e w h eth er
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m ain ten an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r ily en gag ed in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ildin g sa n ita ­
tio n o r heatin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the plu m bin g s y s t e m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow led ge
o f s a n ita r y c o d e s re g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n o f ven ts and tr a p s in plum bing s y s te m ; in s ta llin g o r r e ­
p a ir in g p ip e s and fix t u r e s ; and open in g c lo g g e d d ra in s w ith a plu n ger o r p l u m b e r 's sn ak e. In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN TE N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tain s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l equipm ent and f i x ­
tu r e s (s u ch as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p an s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila to r s , ch u te s , d u cts ,
m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lan n in g and layin g
out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in te n a n ce w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth er s p e c ific a t io n s ;
settin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l w ork in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f

18
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN TE N A N C E — C ontinued

T O O L AN D DIE M A K ER— C ontinued

h an dtools in cu ttin g , be n d in g, fo r m in g , shaping, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e tm eta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce s h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s
rounded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equ ivalen t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

usin g a v a r ie t y o f to o l and die m a k e r 's han dtools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and op era tin g of
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d equipm ent; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o rk , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g o f m eta l p a rts du rin g fa b r ic a tio n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w o rk in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p ro p ria te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u ir e s a rounded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip
o r eq u iva len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; jig m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r ; gage m ak er)
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n ch in g, and oth er m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P lan n in g and
layin g out o f w o rk fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
shops a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n .

t o o l and die m a k e rs in t o o l and die jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L AND M ATER IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AN D W ATCH M AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r at fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m aintain ing
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e sta tio n e d at gate
and c h e c k on id en tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W atch m an . M ak es rou n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y a g ain st f ir e ,
th eft, and ille g a l en try.
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

OR CLEANER

SH IPPIN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r ch a n d is e f o r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g sh ip ­
m ents o f m e r ch a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w o rk i n v o lv e s : A k n ow ledge of shipping
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ean s o f t r a n s p o r ta tio n , and ra te; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f the g o o d s s h ip p e d , m aking up b ills o f la d in g , p ostin g w eight and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a file o f shipping r e c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r ch a n d is e fo r sh ip ­
m en t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f
sh ipm en ts a g ain st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; c h e ck in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g
da m a ged g o o d s ; rou tin g m e r ch a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d ep a rtm en ts; and m aintain ing n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

(S w e e p e r; ch a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , or
p r e m is e s o f an o f fi c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u ties in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : S w eep in g, m op p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and oth e r r e fu s e ; dusting eq u ip m en t, fu r n itu r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s
o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m ain ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in w indow w ashin g a r e e x c lu d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; sto ck m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h ou sem a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r o th er e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h ose du ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; L oa d in g and unloadin g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fre ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th er tr a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n p ackin g, sh e lv in g ,
o r p la cin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo ca tio n ; and tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls or
m e r ch a n d is e b y h an d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and unload ships are
e x c lu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tria l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
equ ip m en t, o r m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p es o f es ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an u factu rin g plan ts, fre ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n ts , o r betw een r e t a il esta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s to m e rs * h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o lo a d o r unload tru ck w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m ake m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k eep tr u c k in good w ork in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c la s s i f ie d by s iz e and type o f equ ip m en t,
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i le r should be ra ted on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c ity .)

O R D ER F IL L E R
(O r d e r p ic k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e stockm an )
F ills shipping o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d go o d s fr o m s t o r e d m e r ch a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s to m e rs * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tru ctio n s . M ay, in ad d ition
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tgoing o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n ad d ition a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r re la te d d u tie s.

T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (under 1V2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , oth er than t r a il e r type)

TR U C K E R,

PO W E R

P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r shipm ent o r s to r a g e b y p la cin g th em in shipping c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c i fi c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g depen dent upon the ty p e , s i z e , and nu m ber o f
units to be p a ck ed , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ipm en t. W ork r e q u ir e s the
p la cin g of ite m s in shipping c o n ta in e r s and m ay in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; K n o w l­
edge o f v a r io u s item s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i fy content; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p r ia te type and s iz e
o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th er m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t
b rea k a g e o r d a m a ge; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and app lyin g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tifyin g
data on con ta in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m ake w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s a re ex clu d e d .




O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r oth er
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a;re c la s s i f ie d b y type o f t r u c k , as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift)

A v a ila b le O n

a v a ila b le

R e q u e s t -----

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the
at n o c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n

A b ilen e, T ex.
A la sk a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d ria , La.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
A m a rillo, Tex.
A nn A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n t ic C ity , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a . —S . C .
A u stin , T ex .
B a k e r s fie ld , C alif.
B aton R ou g e, La.
B illin g s , M ont.
B ilo x i, G u lfp o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r id g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo r d , C onn.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C heyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo r a d o S p rin gs, C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a . —A l a .
C r a n e , Ind .
D e c a t u r , 111.
Dothan, A la.
D u l u t h —S u p e r i o r , M i n n . —W i s .
D u rh a m , N .C '
E l P aso, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o —M o o r h e a d , N . D a k . —M i n n .
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . —O k l a .
F r e d e r ic k — a g e rsto w n , M d .- P a .- W . Va.
H
G r e a t F a lls , M ont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n S a le m -H ig h P o in t , N .C .
W
H a rrisb u rg, Pa.
H a rtford , Conn.
H u n tsville, A la.

S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

C o p ie s

of pu blic

re lea ses

K n oxv ille, Tenn.
L aredo, Tex.
L as V e g a s, Nev.
L ex in g to n , Ky.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d . —V a .
L y n ch b u rg , Va.
M a con , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sau lt Ste. M a r i e , M ic h
M erid ian , M iss.
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la.
M o n t g o m e r y , A la.
N a sh v ille, Tenn.
N e w L o n d o n — r o t o n —N o r w i c h , C o n n .
G
N o r th e a s t e r n M ain e
O g d e n , Utah
O r la n d o , F la.
O x n a r d —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
P a n a m a C ity, F la.
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P o r t s m o u t h , N . H . —M a i n e —M a s s .
P u e b lo , C olo.
R en o, Nev.
S a c r a m e n to , C alif.
S alin a , K a n s.
S a l i n a s —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
C
S tock ton , C alif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T opeka, Kans.
T u cson , A riz.
V a ld o s t a , Ga.
V a l l e j o —N a p a , C a l i f .
W ich ita F a lls , T e x .
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N . J . —M d .

T he elev en th annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s fo r a cco u n ta n ts , a u d ito r s , c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts , a tto rn e y s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l,
b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e rin g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lletin 1693, N ational
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 .0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f its r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




are




A rea W age

S urveys

A lis t o f the la te st a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at
t h e r e q u e s t o f the E m p l o y m e n t S t a n d a r d s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m t h e
S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea

B ulletin n u m b er
an d p r i c e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1971 1____________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 8 7 ,
A l b a n ^ S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1971 1
_________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 4 ,
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 197 1------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 8 ,
A l l e n t o w r r —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 1 __ 1 6 8 5 - 7 5 ,
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1971 -------- ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 9 ,
1 6 8 5 - 1 8,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 1_________________________ _____
B e a u m o n t r - P o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1971 1 ----- 1 6 8 5 - 6 8 ,
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1971 1 ____________________________
17 25-6 ,
1685-63,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1971 1___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1 9 70 1 ____________________________
1685-2 1,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 1 __________________________________
1 7 2 5 - 1 1,
___________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 4 3 ,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1971 1----------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 9 ,
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 1 ____________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 7 1 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 197 1---------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 7 ,
1685-4 8,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1 ------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 1 0 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 0 _____________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 9 0 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . —I n d . , F e b . 1971 1
---------------------------1685-5 3,
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 19 70 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 8 ,
----------------------------------------------1685-33,
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1970 1
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 70 1 ----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 2 ,
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111.,
F e b . 197 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 1,
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 19 70 1----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 5 ,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 19 70 ----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 1 ,
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1 9 7 1 ______________________________
16 85-7 0,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1971 1-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 7 ,
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 19 70 1 -------------------------------------------1685-2 5,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------- 1 7 2 5 - 3 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1971 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 8 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 * -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 7 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d ., O c t . 1970 1_____________________________
1685-3 1,
1685-3 9,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 197 1 1________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 19 70 1------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 7 ,
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 16,
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 7 1 ---------------- 1 6 8 5 - 8 3 ,
H
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 1 ----------- 1 7 2 5 - 4 ,
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i r r m S a n t a Ana rG a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1971 1_____________________
1685-6 6,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 0 --------------------—-----------------1685-27,
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 0 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 7 2 5 - 2 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 0 ,
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 19 70 1------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 9 ,
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------1685-4 0,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 _______________________________
1685-76,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 197 1--------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 4 ,
1
 Data on establishment practices


40 c e n t s
3b c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50
30
30
30
30
40
30
35
40

and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Area
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 1 9 7 1 ______
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 -------------------------N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 197 1_______________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1971 1_____________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 _______________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1971 1 ________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1971 1------------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 19 70 1 _________________________
P a t e r s o r r — l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 7 1 _____________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 1 9 7 1 ----------------------------------------------------P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 19 7 I 1________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ________________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t ^ W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1971 1 ____________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 _________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f fic e o c cu p a tio n s only),
J u l y 1971 1 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------------St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1971 1___________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 70 1 _________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1971 1_____________________________
S an B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
D e c . 19 70 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------S a n F r a n c i s c c r - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 0 ----------------------S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ___________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1971 ------------------------------------------------------S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 197 1 1______________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , D e c . 1970 1
---------------------------------------S o u t h B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 7 1 --------------------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1971 1 _______________________________
T a m p a r - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 __________________
T o l e d o , O h i o ^ M i c h . , A p r . 1971 1 _________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1970 1 _________________________________
U t ic a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1971 1 ____________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , A p r . 197 1___________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 19 70 1
________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ______________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 1 -------------------------------------------------------------Y o u n g s t o w n - W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ____________________

B ulletin n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1685-82,
1685-4 7,
1 6 85-3 5,
1685-3 6,
1660-8 9,

30 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
75 c e n t s

1 6 85-4 6,
17 25-8 ,
1 6 8 5 - 14,
1685-8 4,
1685-34,
1 6 85-8 6,
1685-4 9,
1 6 8 5 - 19,
1685-8 5,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1685-8 0,
17 25-5 ,
1685-62,

40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

17 25-7,
1685-79,
1 6 85-6 5,
1685-26,
1685-81,

35
30
50
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-42,
1685-20,
1685-23,
1685-13,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1685-52,
1685-38,
1685-61,
1685-8 8,
1725-10,
1 6 8 5 - 17,
1685-7 4,
1 6 8 5 - 15,
1725-9,
1 6 85-5 6,
1685-5 5,
1 6 85-3 2,
1 6 85-6 4,
1685-7 3,
1 6 85-5 0,
1685-2 4,

40
30
40
30
30
30
35
35
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
cents
cents
cents

30
40
35
35
40
30

30
30
30

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