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Dayt

Montgomery Co*
r.'ic Library ""

.

f ,5 1971

f OCUMENT COLLECTION ;

AREA WAGE SURVEY
he R o c k fo rd . Illinois, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
M a y 1971
.

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B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 7 9
U.S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
J. D . H o d g s o n , S e c r e t a r y

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e R o c k fo rd , Illinois, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
M a y 1971

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 7 9
September 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 30 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a nn ual
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , a nd e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d iv is io n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , and f o r th e
U n ite d S t a te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s .

In tr o d u c t io n _______________________________________________________________________
W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A f t e r c o m p le t io n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle tin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a da ta to r e la t e to g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g io n s and th e U n ited S ta te s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .

A.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s tu d ie d ________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________
O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s — e n an d w o m e n ___________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n and
m
w o m e n ____________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e a nd p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s —___________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
R o c k f o r d , 111., in M a y 1 9 7 1.
T h e S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g et
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 19 6 8, c o n s i s t s o f B o o n e and W in n e b a g o
C o u n t ie s .
T h is stu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in C h ic a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f L o is L . O r r , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
4

a rea s.

iii

NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

fo r o th e r

3

5

6
8
9
10
11
13




In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e f it s on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n o t sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly
f o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d d a ta ,
w h e r e sh ow n . L ik e w is e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n ot sh ow n
o r in fo r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in fo r m a t io n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a il f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t io n s r e p o r t e d in th a t e a r l i e r stu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t in g u n u su a l c h a n g e s
s in c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s da ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s an d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o l e s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u f fic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f
the b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t ic u la r t im e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s a r e a ff e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th ou gh m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in ta b le 2, a r e b e t t e r
in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s th an in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in the g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s ­
t im a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e la t in g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u s t r y g r o u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e stu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s da ta fo llo w in g
th e j o b t i t le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b e c a u s e

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g and , th u s, c o n t r ib u t e d if f e r e n t ly to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d if f e r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m ila r ly , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e ls
f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the a c tu a l
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
r a te s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
p e r f o r m e d , a lth ou g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly w ith in
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c la s s if y in g
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2

e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s tim a te s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e la t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s data.




E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u lle tin .
I n fo r m a t io n f o r t h e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d if f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ;
p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle t in s f o r
th is a r e a .

T a b le

1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

and

w o rk e rs

w it h in

scope

o f s u rv e y

and

num ber

s t u d ie d

in R o c k f o r d , III.,1

b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 1
Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Industry division

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study4

Within scope
o f study3

Studied

Studied

Number

P ercent

249

91

59.305

100

40,236

50
"

135
114

48
43

47,284

80

33,896
6,340

50
50
50
50
50

14

9
5
15
5
9

1,990
1, 168
6,454
973
1,436

3

58

1,610
608
2,634
494
994

A ll d ivision s________________________________
Manufacturing___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing_______________________________
T ransportation, com m unication, and
other public utilities 5______________________
W holesale trade 6____________________________
Retail trade 6_________________________________
F inance, insurance, and real estate 6_______
S ervices 6 7___________________________________

Number of establishm ents

1
2
1
2
18

12,021

20
2
1
1
2
2

1 The R ockford Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re a , as defined by the Bureau o f the Budget through January 1968, con sists o f B oone and
Winnebago Counties. The "w orkers within scop e o f study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accu rate descrip tion o f the size and
com position o f the labor fo rce included in the survey.
The estim ates a re not intended, how ever, to s erve as a b asis o f com p arison with other
em ploym ent indexes for the area to m easure em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f wage surveys requires the use o f establishm ent
data com piled con sid era b ly in advance of the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded fro m the scop e o f the survey.
2 The 1967 edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tion Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m inimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) o f com panies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto rep a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishm ents with total em ploym ent (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A -s e r ie s tables. T axicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry d ivision is rep resented in estim ates fo r "all in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this d ivision is not made fo r one or m o re o f the follow ing rea son s: (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivision is too sm all to provid e enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to p erm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient o r inadequate to
p erm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo s u re o f individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal s e rv ice s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit
m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and arch itectural s e rv ice s .




F ou r-fifth s o f the w orkers within scop e of the survey in the R ockford area w ere
em ployed in manufacturing firm s.
The follow ing presents the m ajor industry groups and
s p e c ific industries as a percen t of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Transportation equipment —____ 25
Fabricated m etal products - ____ 24
M achinery, except e le c tr ic a l___22
Instruments and related
in
Food and kindred products _____ 5

S pecific industries
M otor v e h icle s and
equipm ent----------------------------- ------18
C utlery, hand tools , and
h a rd w are------------------------------ ___ 13
11
M echanical m easuring and
con trol d e v ic e s _____________ ___ 10
A ir cra ft and p a r t s ___________ ___ 7
Screw m achine products,
b olts, e tc.----------------------------- ___ 7
G eneral industrial
m achinery----------------------------- ___ 5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent derived from universe
P roportions in various industry divisions may
m aterials com piled p rio r to actual survey.
differ from p roportions based on the results o f the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b tr a c t in g 100 f r o m th e in d e x y ie ld s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a te o f
th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
A nnual ra te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w h en th e t im e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th an 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e in d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g
y e a r and c o n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y th e
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t io n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
ea ch grou p.
L im it a t io n s

o f D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , and (3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t in g f r o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e
th a t e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g es
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o llo w in g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (m en and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (automotive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Cleiks, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Cleiks, order
Tool and die makers
class B
Cleiks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
A and B
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls

The
p lie d b y th e
in th e g r o u p
w e r e r e la t e d
g a te f o r th e




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e lim in a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
fo r o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s ig n if ic a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t io n s
w e r e t o t a le d .
T he a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s
b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
e a r lie r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,

4




T a b le 2 .
In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
in R o c k f o r d , III., M a y 1 9 7 0 a n d M a y 1 9 7 1 , a n d p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

fo r

s e le c te d

O ffice
cle rica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

g ro u p s

Manufacturing

A ll industries
P eriod

o c c u p a t io n a l

U nskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Indu strial
nu r s e s
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

Indexes (Msiy 1967=100)
May 1970------------------------------------------------------------May 1971______________________________________

119.0
125.3

123.1
132.5

123.9
132.0

126.2
137.6

119.1
125.3

123.1
132.9

124.2
132.3

122.7
132.8

126.9
168.8

119.2
157.5

128.6
170.7

Indexes (May 1961=100)
May 1967------------------------------------------------------------May 1971________________________________________

121.2
151.8

126.9
168.2

120.0
158.2

122.7
168.8

121.6
152.3

P ercents of in crease
May 1960 to May 1961__________________________
May 1961 to A p ril 1962:
11-m onth in crea se ___________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e _____________________

1.6

1.2

3.7

3.4

1.7

1.2

3.7

3.2

3.0
3.3

6.0
6.6

2.2

.1
.1

2.8
3.1

6.0
6.6

2.2

2.4

1.4
1.5

A p ril 1962 to A p ril 1963________________________
A p ril 1963 to A pril 1964----------------------------------A p ril 1964 to May 1965:
13-month in crease ________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e _____________________

1.9
1.3

2.8
.5

1.7
2.4

3.6
3.2

2.2
2.0

2.7
2.5

2.9
2.7

May
May
May
May
May
May

6.9
4.3
5.4
6.7
5.8
5.3

5.3
7.1
7.5
7.0
7.0
7.6

3.6
5.9
9.9

1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970

1

to
to
to
to
to
to

May
May
May
May
May
May

1966__________________________
1967__________________________
1968_________________________
1969__________________________
1970__________________________
1971__________________________

6.6
15.8
6.5

2.4

1.8

2.8

1.5

1.3

.5

2.1

3.4
2.7

3.8
3.5

2.4

2.2
2.0

2.7
2.5

4.6
4.2

2.6
7.6
8.9

6.7
5.0
5.7

3.5
5.8
10.4

4.7
9.1

9.2
9.0

5.5
5.2

5.9
7.1
7.5
7.0
7.0

6.1

2.2

6.8

8.0

R evised estim ate.

NOTE: M ost prev iou sly published indexes fo r the R ockford area used May 1961 as the base period.
They can be con verted to the new base p eriod by dividing them by the correspon din g index num bers fo r
May 1967 on the May 1961 base period as shown in the table. (The result should be m ultiplied by 100.)

6.6
15.5
6.5

6.8

6.5
7.9

8.2

6

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b le A-1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y di vision

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
$

%

Average
weekly

60
Mean 2

Median2

1971)

Middle range2

(standard)

65

s

$

%

70

75

80

t
85

t
90

$
95

t
100

$

S
105

110

»
115

$
120

$

130

$

140

t

*

150

160

$

$

170

180

$

190

and
under

200
and

85

90

95

100

105

110

70

75

80

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

over

1
1

65

3
3

8
8

5
4

2
2

4
4

2
2

9
9

i
i

-

-

-

-

MEN
35
34

40.0
40.0

$
165.00
165.50

$
162.50
164.00

$
$
143.50-191.50
143.50-191.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ------------------------------------

22

39.5

112.50

117.00

99.50-136.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

42
21

40.0
40.0

84.00
92.00

84.50
95.50

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

106
71
35

39.5
39.5
40.0

125.50
124.50
127.00

121.00
122.00
120.50

111.00-137.50
107.50-136.50
114.00-145.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

184
95
89
15

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

110.00
106.50
113.50
125.00

108.50
107.00
111.50
103.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

32
16

40.0
40.0

103.00
97.00

102.50
96.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------WOMEN

74.0087.50-

96.00
99.00

3

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

3

-

4

-

4

2

4

2

-

-

-

-

4
4

8
1

5
1

4
4

8
8

3
3

-

_

5
5
-

1
1

10
10
-

7
4
3

15
7
8

13
7
6

15
7
8

18
18

5
3
2

8
2
6

3
3
-

2
2

2
2
-

2
2

_
-

6
4
2

16
9
7
“

10
6
4
*

20

-

4
4
4

2
-

20

-

-

_
-

_

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

10

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

*

96.50-123.00
97.50-114.00
93.00-141.00
97.50-167.50

-

-

-

13
13

3

-

2
l

10
4
6

15
11
4
2

20
14
6
4

21
13
8
3

16
11
5
*

28
21

88.00-114.00
86.00-107.00

-

_

-

-

-

3
3

2
1

3
3

3
3

3
1

2
2

6
-

-

-

4
i

4
2

7

-

2
2

-------------------

22

39.5

78.50

77.50

69.00-

84.00

5

-

3

7

3

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

l

C L E R K S , O R D E R -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

56
49

40.0
40.0

98.50
98.00

97.00
95.50

90.50-107.00
90.00-106.00

-

_

2
2

2
2

3
3

6
5

12
12

9
9

6
4

7
3

4
4

2
2

1
1

i
i

1
1

-

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

77
70

40.0
40.0

119.50
118.50

120.00
118.00

109.00-128.50
109.00-126.00

-

-

-

_

1
1

1

_

6
6

14
14

10
10

7
7

22
21

9
6

5
3

2
2

_
-

_

_

-

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

120
108

40.0
40.0

108.00
109.50

107.50
108.50

101.00-115.50
102.00-116.50

_

_

7
1

10
7

9
9

25
24

20
20

18
17

14
14

12
11

4
4

_

1
1

*

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

78
72

40.0
40.0

101.00
102.00

100.00
100.50

89.50-107.00
90.00-107.00

9

6
6

-

_

-

11
9

-

-

16
16

1
1

4
4

i
i

O F F I C E G I R L S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

20
17

40.0
40.0

83.50
86.00

82.50
85.00

75.5078.00-

_

_

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

448
401
47
15

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

129.00
129.50
121.50
128.50

127.00
127.50
120.00
126.50

112.50-143.50
114.00-144.50
97.50-134.00
110.00-152.50

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

55
52

40.0
40.0

155.50
157.50

154.00
154.50

149.00-169.00
150.00-169.50

_

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

109
99

40.0
40.0

137.50
137.50

135.00
137.50

125.00-152.00
125.50-152.00

_

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

177
157
20

40.0
40.0
40.0

125.00
124.00
129.00

124.00
123.50
128.00

112.50-134.50
113.00-134.00
99.50-154.50

CLERKS,

See

FILE,

CLASS

fo ot no te s




C

at e n d of ta bl es

93.50
94.50

“
_

“

_

_

“

-

_
-

_

-

_
“

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
-

1
1

5
4

14
13

9

9
8

5
2

4
4

3
3

1
1

4
4

2
2

-

i
i

-

-

2

~
-

2

8
4
4

27
14
13
3

22
21
1

37
35
2
1

32
32
-

43
41
2
*

86
78
8
6

64
58
6
1

39
38
1
-

42
40
2
2

22
20
2
*

10
9
i
i

9
8
1
1

3
3
-

-

_

-

1

-

-

1

3
3

3
2

8
8

20
20

7
7

6
6

5
5

1
1

-

*
_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

'

*

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

6
3

1
1

7
7

3
3

3
3

18
17

23
19

18
18

14
14

9
9

i
i

2
2

2
2

-

2
2

9
3

12
12

16
15
1

12
12
~

24
23
1

41
37

30
29
1

13
12
1

7
5

6
4

3
2

2

1

2
i
i

-

2

_
-

-

"

6

4

-

2
“

7

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o n tin u ed

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation,

a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
t

N um ber
of
w oikers

$
60

M ean 2

M e d ian ^

M iddle range 2

(standard)

$
65

of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
*

$
70

19 7 1 )

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

s
115

120

130

Df-

140

t

S

t

$

*

150

160

SECRETARIES -

-

$
180

$
190

and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

130

140

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

*

6
2

12
8

8
8

14
13

17
17

15
15

24
21

8
8

-

16
15
1

12
12

13
13

6
2
4

8
4
4

-

~

10
6
4

1
-

-

13
11
2

1
-

~

9
9
“

1

1

2
2
“

5
2
3

15
15
“

14
10
4

22
21
1

17
17

1

8
8
“

12
10
2

8
8
“

6
2
4

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
“

4
4

3
3

-

1

8
8

1
1

2
1

150

190

200

“

*

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

5
1
4

3
3

2
2

1
1

-

4
2

1
1

170

CONTINUED
107
93

40.0
40.0

$
113.00
115.00

$
113.50
114.50

$
$
104.50-123.00
107.00-124.50

G E N E R A L ----------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ----------

111
85
26

40.0
40.0
40.0

103.50
102.00
108.50

104.00
102.50
117.00

93.50-114.50
94.50-111.00
81.00-130.50

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

121
100
21

40.0
40.0
40.0

115.50
113.50
126.50

110.50
110.00
125.00

102.50-124.50
103.00-120.50
102.00-154.00

_
-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

30
25

40.0
40.0

119.00
116.00

121.00
121.00

102.00-136.00
102.00-129.00

-

-

“

-

STENOGRAPHERS,

*
1
1
*

_

-

8
5
3

-

-

8
2
6
-

1
-

-

1
1

5
5

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

*

18

43.5

95.00

92.50

83.00-103.00

-

-

-

2

5

2

1

3

2

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

99
77
22

40.0
39.5

102.50
110.00

88.50-114.00
96.50-115.50

-

_

1

3

8
8

10
10

4
4

19
19

5
5

6
6

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

11
4

2

-

13
4

-

-

*rU.U

104.00
108.00
90.00

92
34

40.0
40.0

105.50
109.00

95.00
101.00

91.00-123.00
92.50-125.50

1
1

4
1

14
14

1

2
2

*

2
2

3
3

7
5

2
2

i

2
2

-

97.00
9 8 . CO

97.00
97.50

89.50-106.00
92.00-105.50

10

10

CLASS

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

ah

83
163
71

fo ot no te s

at e n d




of t a bl es

n

/n n
40.0
/n

n

' 0 0
40.0

ti-r.UU

95*50
78.00

_
-

-

1

-

-

3

-

-

-

2

'

*

5
34

13

5
13

l
27

13

27

*

£

7

3
3

A

-

an
06*00
80.00

-

B -----

OPERATORS,

-

“

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

See

over

180

160

CONTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

SWITCHBOARD

200
and

under
65

WOMEN

*
170

89.00-104.00
75.50- 87.00

14

on
7

fZ

17

11

j!

6

6

3

5

3

i

-

-

*

-

8

T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, R o c k f o r d ,
W eekly earnings 1
(standard )

Sex, occupation,

a n d i n d u s t r y d ivision

N um ber
of
workers

t

M edian 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

(standard)

$

*

S

*

t

t

S

*

%

$

$

i

t

$

$

$

$

*

115

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

120

125

130

135

140

145

. iso

155

160

165

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

*

*

*

1
1

1
1

4
4

4
3

3
3

3
3

2
2

2
2

3
3

“

*

3
3

6
6

8
8

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

“

1
1

2
2

i
i

*
110

120

"

Under
M ean 2

19 7 1 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
t

A v e rage

111., M a y

3
3

9
6

9
9

6
6

5
5

3
3

3
3

1
1

“

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7
3

3
3

and
under
115

MEN
C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

23
22

40.0
40.0

$
173.00
173.50

168.50
169.00

$
$
160.00-190.00
159.50-191.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

34
31

40.0
40.0

132.00
134.00

131.00
132.00

122.50-142.00
124.00-143.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

40
37

40.0
40.0

181.50
183.00

178.50
180.00

168.50-196.00
169.50-197.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

25
17

40.0
40.0

143.50
151.00

150.00
153.00

124.00-154.50
144.00-167.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

167
155

40.0
40.0

178.50
176.50

176.50
174.50

165.00-186.00
164.00-184.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

160
160

40.0
40.0

157.00
157.00

155.50
155.50

142.00-169.00
142.00-169.00

72
72

40.0
40.0

132.50
132.50

130.50
130.50

120.50-148.00
120.50-148.00

7
7

62
61

39.5
39.5

141.50
141.50

136.50
136.00

127. 5 0 - 1 5 6 . 0 0
127.50-155.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2

_

1

_

-

1
1

7
1

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

“

4
4

10
10

2
2

_

-

-

4
4

1
1

_

-

7
7

-

1
1

-

4
4

“

11
11

3
3

4
4

20
20

21
21

33
33

33
29

11
11

6
6

9
5

1
1

14
14

13
13

14
14

16
16

19
19

11
11

15
15

16
16

8
8

7
7

3
3

2
2

1
1

4
4

3
3

3
3

15
15

2
2

9
9

9
9

5
5

8
8

2
2

1
1

5
5

2
1

2
2

3
3

3
3

i
i

-

2
2

1
1

4
4

9
9

8
8

2
2

16
16

8
8

11
11

-

_

2

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

S e e f o o t no te s




at e n d

of tables.

_

“

1
1

~

1
1

_

“

9

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , pro fessio n al, and tec h n ica l o cc u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n com bined

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y

Average

OFFICE

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

of

Average
Number

Number

Number

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

19 7 1 )

Average

OCCUPATIONS

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y di vision

worker,

OFFICE

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ----------------------

22

39.5

$
112.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

42
21

40.0
40.0

84.00
92.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

141
105
36

39.5
39.5
40.0

135.00
138.00
127.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

193
102
91
15

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

110.50
107.50
114.00
125.00

CL ER KS , FILE, CL AS S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

35
16
19
15

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

104.00
97.00
109.50
117.50

CLERKS,

22

39.5

of

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

OFFICE
449
402
47
15

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
129.00
130.00
121.50
128.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

55
52

40.0

155.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

109
99

40.0
40.0

137.50
137.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

178
158
20

40.0
40.0
40.0

125.00
124.50
129.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------

107
93

40.0
40.0

113.00
115.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---

111
85
26

40.0
40.0
40.0

103.50
102.00
108.50

121
100
21

40.0
40.0
40.0

115.50
113.50
126.50

30
25

40.0
40.0

119.00
116.00

18

43.5

99
77
22

40.0
39.5
40.0

104.00
108.00
90.00

TRANSCR1BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

42
34

40.0
40.0

105.50
109.00

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --PUBLIC UTILITIES ■

78.50

CLASS

C

C L E R K S , O R D E R --MANUFACTURING

56
49

40.0
40.0

98.50
98.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

CLERKS, PAYROLL ■
MANUFACTURING

86
79

40.0
40.0

122.50
122.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

120
108

40.0
40.0

108.00
109.50

s wi t c h b o a r d

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

78
72

40.0
40.0

101.00
102.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------

30
23

40.0
40.0

85.00
86.50

S e e f o o t no te s at e n d




of tables.

CONTINUED

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

96
83

40.0
40.0

$
97.00
98.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

163
92
71

40.0
40.0
40.0

89.00
96.00
80.00

-------------------------------------------------

26
23

40.0
40.0

170.50
173.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S 8 ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

42
35

40.0
40.0

129.50
133.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

18
18

40.0
40.0

216.00
216.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
(
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------- f
----------------

48
42

40.0
40.0

176.50
180.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

35
25

40.0
40.0

141.50
147.50

A ------------------------------------------------

168
156

40.0
40.0

178.50
176.50

------------------------------------------------

163
163

40.0
40.0

156.50
156.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

77
73

40.0
40.0

132.00
132.50

NURSES,
I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

62
61

39.5
39.5

141.50
141.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

FILE,

-

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

95.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

OCCUPATIONS

of

o p e r a t o r s

, class

b

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING
, class
MANUFACTURING

d r a f t s m e n

CLASS

A ----------

b

10

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o ccu p atio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, R o c k f o r d ,

$
2 .70

s

t
2.90

S

%

2.80

3.00

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

*

*

*

t
2 .60

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y di vision
Mean 2

Median2

19 7 1 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s

Hourly earnings3
Number
w
orkers

111., M a y

Middle range 2

s

3.10

$
3.20

3 .20

3.30

receiving

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of —

i

3.30

*
3.40

*
3 .50

t
3 . 60

$
3.70

$
3.80

t
4 . 00

$
4 .20

t
4.40

4 .60

*
4.80

t
5.00

S
5.20

t
5.40

S
5.60

*
5.80

3.40

3.50

3 .60

3 . 70

3.80

4 .00

4 . 20

4 .40

4.60

4.8 0

5.00

5.20

5 .40

5.60

5.80

over

2

2

1

4

2

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

4

1
1

4

2

13
13

1

2

2

2

1

“

12
12

13
13

7
7

39
39

16
16

8
6

17
17

49

1

5
5

5
4

7

1

7

4
4

2
2

4
4

-

-

an d
u nder
2.70

MEN
$
3 .623 .6 2 -

$
4.23
4.08

4.70
4.69

4 .0 6 -

4.99

_

_

-

-

4.0 5 -

4.98

-

-

-

*

4 . 35

4.18

4.62
4.63

-

-

_

4.18

3.8 8 3.89-

_

4.37

3.533.53-

4.48
4.48

_

4.09
3.34
3.34

3 .1 9 -

3.49

3 .1 8 -

3.51

3
3

4.15
4.15

4.11

3.86-

4.53

_

-

4.11

3.8 6 -

4.53

-

190

4.12

4.43

-

4.12

4.12
4.12

3.8 8 -

190

3 .8 8 -

4.43

”

CARPENTERS, M A I N T E N A N C E ---------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

34

$
3.9C
3.88

$
3.69

32

ELECTRICIANSt MAINTENANCE ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

228

4 .54

223

4 .53

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

32
31

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

25

4 .06

4.09

25

4 .06

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ----MA NUFACTURING ------------------

39

3.28

37

3.28

MA CH IN E- TO OL OPERATORS, TO CLRCCM
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

186
186

MACHINISTS, MAINTE NA NC E ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

3.68

~

~

*
_

-

1
1
2
2

-

2

*

2

10
10

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

*

-

-

2
2

3
3

_

2

-

2

1
1

2
2

2
2

4
4

12

-

-

-

*

*

-

*

_

~

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

60

4.39

4.09

23
37
29

4.69
4.20
4 .39

5.25
4.03
4 .33

3.7 8 3 .9 9 3.7 4 3.7 7 -

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE ----------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

3 26
309

4.14
4.09

4.08
4.06

3.6 9 -

4.53

3

-

-

3.68-

4.51

-

-

142
142

4.46
4 .46

4 .20
4.20

3.933.9 3 -

5.07
5.07

_

-

-

OI LE RS -----------------------------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

46
46

3.55

3.63

3.37-

3.75

2

3.55

3.63

3.37-

3.75

i
i

PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

19

3.96

3.6 1 -

4.69

_

17

4.11

3.69
3.69

3.6 4 -

4.75

-

PIPEFITTERS, MA INTENANCE -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

61
61

4.89

5.24
5.24

4.454 .45-

15
15

4.21
4.21

4.09
4.09

3.8 7 3.8 7 -

387
387

4 .73
4.73

4 .78
4.78

4.354.3 5 -

5.16
5.16

See

fo ot no te s




at e n d

of tables.

4 .89

5.24
5.35
5.08
5.14

-

_

1

1
-

1

1

~

45

35
35

13

27

29

3

-

_

13

27

29

3

-

-

_

3
3

9
9

23
23

64
64

16

18
18

_

16

26
26

4

16

3

_

_

_

-

-

10

1
1
~

16

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

-

1

_

-

5

1

-

”

2
2

7

2

1
1

7

-

_

-

_

1

1

-

*

1

-

_

6
6

1
1

7
7

1

10
10

32
32

_

3
3

23

24

23

24

37
37

42
42

59
59

3
3

-

9
9

14
14

41
41

6
6

1
1

9
9

19
19

-

-

16

-

-

_

16

~

-

-

3
3

-

_
*

-

7

-

2

7

”

2
5
5

3
3

7
7

17
17

1
1
-

“

“
5
5
3
3

8

19

8

19

-

-

2
-

-

-

2
2

-

-

13

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

4

10

-

-

-

36

-

-

4

10

*

*

“

36

“

-

i
i

-

-

4

52
52

19

56

19

56

4

-

-

-

*

“

73
73

24

9

32

52

24

9

32

52

1
1

~

_

11
-

-

11

~

2
2

2
2

51
51

6

-

33
33

4

6
-

*

12
2
2

"

1
1

_

14

~

1

“

_

7
7

4
4

5

2

*

_

“

7

8
4
4

22
22

6
6

4
-

3
4

4
4

3
3

7

4

10
2
8
8

~
3
2

*

-

-

“

10

1

4

45

1
1

1

4
4

4

14

-

-

-

14

_

-

-

9
9

1
1

-

6

5
5

1
1

_

6

-

1
1

2

_

2
2

-

-

*

*

4

2

_

1
1

31
30

4

4.53
4.53

TOOL AND OIF MAKERS -------------MA NU FACTURING ------------------

“

5.33
5.33

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MA NUFACTURING ------------------

-

1
1

-

11
9

4
4

2

~

“

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

-

6
6

-

8
8

2
2

2

“

-

14

-

49

2
2

11

T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m a te ria l m o v em e n t o ccu p atio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y
Hourly earnings3

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of-—
1.60

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$
2.00

*
2 . 10

$
2.20

$

2.30

*
2.A0

s

t

o

S

e
g

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of
workers

19 7 1 )

*

s

i

2.60

2 .80

3.00

3.20

s
3 • A0

s

t

$

S

S

%

$

3.60

3. 8 0

A . 00

A . 20

4.40

A. 6 0

4.80

a nd

-

1

under

2.10

“

~

”

~

_
-

4
4
-

4
-

12
3
9
*

2A
1
23

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.20

3

3.20

3.A0

3 .60

3.80

23
23

11
10

1
1

2
2

1
1

5.00
a nd

A. 2 0

A. A 0

~

“

23
23

-

-

23

-

-

-

30
29
1
“

52
52

A
A
-

*
*

-

-

-

-

4

5A

*

*
-

-

2.30

2. A 0

2.50

2 .60

2.80

5
3

3
3

1
1

6
6

11
11

1

5

23

8

1

2

1

5
2
3

A
4
i

1
1
*

8

13
5
8
~

A0
36
A
3

A8
A 1
7
7

108
102
6
3

57
53
4

12
7
5
5

5A
53
1
1

_

_
“

2
2

_

-

3
3

-

4
4

11A
11A

29
29

26
26

181
181

29
29

7
6

17
16

66
6A

-

12
12

6
6

8
8

16
16

8

32
28

9
9

5
5

13
5

5
5

10
10

-

-

8

13
13

38
38

15
15

64
64

12
12

36
36

22
22

8
8

-

-

*

1
1

16
16

11
11

16
16

4

2
1

1
1

2
2

2
2

1
1

6
6

4
A

-

i
i

1
1

-

-

“

2
2

_

4
4

18
14

22
1A

i
1

22
22

1
1

-

-

5.00

_

4
4

C
O

“

2.00

o

1.90

o
o

1.80

o
o

1.70

>

A . 60

over

MEN
$
2.97
A . 31

$
2.62
3.25

$
2.29
2.9A

GUARDS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

6A

3.A6

3.05

I
fCO

$
1.952.77-

165
8A

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

A80
A01
79
20

3.15
3.28
2.A6
3.05

3.13
3.20
2.23
2.99

2.863.002.032.92-

3.72
3.77
2.97
3 . AA

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

536
A7A

3.A1
3.22

3.26
3.2A

2.852.79-

3.86
3.39

ORDER
F I L L E R S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

12A
112

3.11
3.07

3.12
3.11

2.672.63-

3.A9
3.30

_

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

22A
22 A

3.07
3.07

3.05
3.05

2.762.76-

3.50
3.50

_

_

-

-

---------------------------------------------------

55
50

3.A5
3.A2

3.39
3.35

3.183.17-

3.58
3.5A

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

18
16

3.36
3.A6

3. 15
3.2A

3.033.05-

3.83
3.88

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

71
56

3.51
3.58

3.A8
3.53

3.293.35-

3.88
3.91

TRUCKDRIVERS
-----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

307
136
171
7A

3.90
3.72
A . 05
A . 89

3.89
3.63
A . 13
A . 92

3.A63.A53.494.86-

A . 29
A . 23
4.90
4.96

TR UC KD RI VE RS , LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -----------------------------

29

2.98

3.29

2.09-

3.53

3

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M (1 -1 /2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

133
72
61

3.59
3.50
3.70

3.53
3.53
3. 58

3. 3A—
3.3A3.3A-

3.81
3.66
3.98

_
“

TR UC KD RI VE RS , H E A V Y (OVER A TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) --------------------------

107

A . 53

A . 83

4.24-

4.92

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

A70
A6A

3.63
3.61

3.50
3.A9

3.263.25-

A . 12
A . 12

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

52
A2

2.55
2.71

2.58
2.82

2.132.36-

2.93
3.01

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

1A2
1A2

2.83
2.83

2.85
2.85

2.7A2.7A-

2.96
2.96

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

*

RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING

78

A

8
-

*

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

5

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

3

*

“

-

-

“
-

-

-

1
1
-

*
-

-

-

-

2

2

6

-

-

9
4

2

6

5

25
16
9

58
A0
18

1A

29
1A
15

19
3
16

44
44

2

3
1
2

22

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

3

7

4

-

1

-

6
6

2

2
-

”

A1
28
13

2
2

~

20
1A
6

-

2

5
2
3

17
8

2

6
6

1

-

9

6

“

~

i

3

3

i

9

-

33

-

-

60

17
17

31
31

103
103

61
61

32
32

13
13

167
167

-

-

-

7
1

“

1
1

~

”

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

6
6

5

-

-

5

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

2
2

35
35

i

8

6

7A
-

-

-

_

_

IA

-

ii
n

-

-

-

See

fo ot no te s

at e n d




of tables.

7
2

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

i

3

i
i

4
3

-

4
4

2
2

_
"

8
8

3

3

*

3

3

12
12

4
4

5
5

2
2

7
7

8
8

30
30

67
67

15

_

15

*

-

7
7

-

1A

~

WOMEN

-

-

7A
7A

2
2

1 2

Footnotes

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a t e s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th an th e h i g h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e of p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its field staff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l titles a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s the g r o u p i n g of o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e
ra te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e of this e m p h a s i s o n
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y di ffer s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
individual e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d for ot he r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u ' s field e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g
su pe rv is or s; ap pr en ti ce s; learners; b e gi nn er s; trainees; a n d h a n d i c a p p e d ,
part-time, t e m p o r a r y , a n d probationary w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E
BILLER,

CL ER K,

M A C H I N E

Bi l l e r , m a c h i n e (billing m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i ll in g m a c h i n e ( M o o n H o p k i n s , Elliott
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , etc., w h i c h a r e c o m b i n a t i o n t y p i n g a n d a d d i n g m a c h i n e s ) to p r e p a r e bills
a n d i n vo ic es f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , internally p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip pi ng m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , etc. U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n of p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n t h e bi lling m a c h i n e ,
a n d to ta ls w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h i n e .
T h e operation usually involves
a l a r g e n u m b e r of c a r b o n c o p i e s of t h e bill b e i n g p r e p a r e d a n d is o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d
machine.
Bi l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ( S u n d s t r a n d , Elliott
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , etc., w h i c h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' bills a s p a r t of t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y of f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r of v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e of b o o k k e e p i n g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s of s a l e s a n d c r e d i t slips.

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E

O P E R A T O R

transactions.
Class A.
K e e p s a s e t of r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e of a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w i t h t h e s t r u c t u r e of t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d ^ d is tr ib ut io n of d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of t h e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e co ns o l i d a t e d repo rt s, b a l a n c e sheets, a n d other r e c o r d s
hand.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s of a se t of r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u i r i n g little k n o w l e d g e of b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s ( n ot i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e of billing d e s c r i b e d u n d e r biller,
m a c h i n e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , etc. M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n of trial b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
CL E R K .

A C C O U N T I N G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t , h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p i n g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s of a c o m p l e t e s e t of b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g to o n e p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k i n v o l v e s p o s t i n g a n d b a l a n c i n g s u b s i d i a r y
ledger or ledgers s u c h as a c co un ts receivable or a c co un ts payable; e x a m i n i n g a n d coding
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w i t h p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g distribution; a n d r e q u i r e s j u d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k i n g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d j u s t i n g , a n d
cl os in g jo u r n a l entries; a n d m a y dire ct c l as s B a c c o u n t i n g clerks.
C l a s s B. U n d e r supe rv is io n, p e r f o r m s o n e or m o r e routine a c c o u n t i n g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
as posting s i m p l e journal v o u c h e r s or a c c o u n t s pa y a b l e v o u c h e r s ,
e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r registers; reconciling b a n k acco un ts ; a n d posting su b s i d i a r y le dg er s controlled b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t i n g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g data. T h i s j o b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l ­
e d g e of a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s b u t is f o u n d in of f i c e s in w h i c h t h e m o r e r o u t i n e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k is s u b d i v i d e d o n a f u n c t i o n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d files u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
ings o r part ly classified m a t e r i a l b y finer s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e re la te d i n d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e ai d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d en t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in files a n d f o r w a r d s
material.
M a y p e r f o r m related
clerical ta sk s r e q u i r e d
t o m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e files.

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e filing of m a t e r i a l t h at h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m (e.g., a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in files a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
terial; a n d m a y fill o u t w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d t o m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e files.

C L ER K,

O R D E R

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s for m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r pe rs on al ly .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n of t h e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t i n g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t listing t h e i t e m s to m a l c e u p t h e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t i e s of i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e filled. M a y c h e c k w i t h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g of c u s t o m e r , a c k f i b w l e d g e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s to s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n filled, k e e p file of o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h i p p i n g
in vo ic es wi t h original o r d e r s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , Elliott F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t i o n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w i t h o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d of b u s i n e s s

by

FILE

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d filing s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m b e r of v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
files, c l a s s i f i e s a n d i n d e x e s file m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s ,
technical d o c u ­
m e n t s , etc. M a y a l s o file this m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n
w i t h t h e files.
M a y l e a d a s m a l l g r o u p of l o w e r l e v e l file c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , bills, a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r t h a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c typewriter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o bi ll i n g s o r s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l t o billing o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , bi ll e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e of m a c h i n e , a s f o l l o w s :

13

C L ER K,

P A Y R O L L

C o m p u t e s w a g e s of c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s t h e n e c e s s a r y d a t a o n t h e p a y r o l l
sheets. D u t i e s involve: C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e or p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
po st in g ca lc u l a t e d d a ta o n p a yr ol l sheet, s h o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t i m e , ra t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d total w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a calculating m a c h i n e .

C O M P T O M E T E R

O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y d u t y is to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h i s
j o b is n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w i t h t h at of statistical o r o t h e r t y p e of c l e r k , w h i c h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e of a C o m p t o m e t e r but, in w h i c h , u s e of th is m a c h i n e is i n c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e of
o t h e r duties.

K E Y P U N C H

O P E R A T O R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h tabu la ti ng c a r d s .
Performs same
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r but, in a d d i t i o n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n of c o d i n g
skills a n d t h e m a k i n g of s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s o n t h e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
t h e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m i n e i n f o r m a t i o n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M a y train
in ex pe ri en ce d operators.

14
K E Y P U N C H

O P E R A T O R —

S E C R E T A R Y —

Continued

C l a s s B.
Under
close
s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o ll ow in g * specific p r o c e d u r e s o r instructions,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
Operates a numerical and/or
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to k e y p u n c h tabu la ti ng c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o r k i n g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , follows specified s e q u e n c e s w h i c h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e little o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g
of d a t a to b e p u n c h e d .
P r o b l e m s arising f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s or codes, m i s s i n g information,
etc., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

B O Y

O R

GIRL

P e r f o r m s va ri ou s routine
chines su ch as sealers or ma il er s,

duties s u c h
opening an d

a s r u n n i n g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r office m a ­
distributing ma il , a n d ot he r m i n o r clerical w o r k .

S E C R E T A R Y

stenographic

The

and

typing

work.

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d difficulty.
w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e of of fice r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,

programs,

and

procedures

related

to t h e

work

of t h e

N o t all p o s i t i o n s t h a t a r e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h i c h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t fully t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s office a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p of p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e t h a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h e de fi ni ti on ;
a p d (e) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h i n v o l v e m o r e difficult o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
i s t r at iv e, s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h i c h a r e n o t t y p i c a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
NOTE:
T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e le v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e officials w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w i t h r e g a r d to m a j o r
c o m p a n y ac tivities. T h e title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e of this ro le , d o e s n o t
in all c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s (e.g., a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d i v i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s of a p p l y i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .

a.
all,

of a

A

Secretary

over

100

but

to t h e c h a i r m a n
fewer

than

5,000

of t h e

board

or president

of a

company

that

employs,

in

p e r s o n s ; or

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r t h a n t h e c h a i r m a n of t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
c o m p a n y t h at e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 25, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; m r

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y of a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s ,
Class
a.

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u i v a l e n t
to o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in t h e d e f i n i t i o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d i n a t e staff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d i n to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e often, in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . I n s o m e c o m p a n i e s , th is l e v e l i n c l u d e s
a w i d e r a n g e of o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

t h e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r level) of a
in all, o v e r 25, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

than

to t h e c h a i r m a n

100

of t h e b o a r d

or president

of a

company

t h at

employs,

in

all,

fewer

of a

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r t h a n t h e c h a i r m a n of t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 1 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

p e r s o n s ; or

c.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w t h e o f f i c e r level) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t i o n a l a c ti vi ty (e.g., m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a ti on s, etc.) o r * a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t (e.g., a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p l o y e e s ; or




level

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
about 25 or 30 persons); o £

of a s m a l l

organizational

unit

(e.g., f e w e r

than

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y staff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tive o f fi ce r, o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(NOTE;
Many
c o m p a n i e s assign
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r t h a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o this l e v e l of s u p e r v i s o r y o r
nonsupervisory worker.)

S T E N O G R A P H E R ,

G E N E R A L

P r i m a r y d u t y is t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e di ct a t i o n . M a y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a i n t a i n files, k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routine clerical tasks.
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h i c pool.
D o e s not include tr an sc ri bi ng machine work.
(See t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p er at or .)

S T E N O G R A P H E R ,

SENIOR

P r i m a r y d u t y is t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n sc ie nt if ic r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e dictation. M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a i n t a i n files, k e e p r e c o r d s , etc.
O R
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c du ti es r e q u i r i n g significantly g r e a t e r i n d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
bility t h a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y t h e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h i g h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e of g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d office
p r o c e d u r e s a n d of t h e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , files,
w o r k f l o w , etc.
U s e s this k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a i n t a i n i n g f o l l o w u p files; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , letters,
etc.; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r i n g r o u t i n e q u e s t i o n s , etc.
D o e s not include t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

S W I T C H B O A R D

O P E R A T O R

major

B

Secretary

Class

etc. ( o r o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t

supervisor.

Exclusions

Class

level

C

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d i v i d u a l plant, f a c t o r y ,
of official) t h a t e m p l o y s ,
in all, f e w e r t h a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e in di v i d u a l . M a i n t a i n s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k ac ti v i t i e s of t h e s u p e r v i s o r .
W o r k s fairly i n d e ­
p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m of d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d clerical
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e calls,
p e r s o n a l ca ll er s, a n d i n c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e inqu ir ie s, a n d r o u t e s the t e c h n i c a l i n qu ir ie s
to t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s files; (c) m a i n t a i n s
t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s

etc. ( o r o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t

e.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d of a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t (e.g., a m i d d l e
management
s u p e r v i s o r of a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f te n i n v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
Class

OF FI CE

Continued

d.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d of a n i n d i v i d u a l p l an t, f a c t o r y ,
o f official) t h at e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a single- o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d l i n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r of fi ce calls. P e r f o r m s full t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d l e s
c o m p l e x calls, s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , coll ec t, o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r calls, e i t h e r i n a d d i t i o n to
do in g routine w o r k as d e s c r i b e d
for s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l as s B , o r a s a fu ll -t im e
a s s i g n m e n t . ("Full" t e le ph on e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t i o n s t h a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e.g., b e c a u s e
of o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h i c h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r calls.)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a single- o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d l i n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r of fi ce calls. M a y h a n d l e r o u t i n e l o n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d tolls.
M a y p e r f o r m li mi te d t e le ph on e i n f o r m a t i o n service. ( " L i m i t e d " t e le ph on e i n f o r m a t i o n se rv ic e
o c c u r s if t h e f u n c t i o n s of t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r if t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e.g., g i v i n g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
specific n a m e s
are
furnished,
o r if c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )

15
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR--- Continued

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-p osition or m onitor-type sw itch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or p erform routine c le rica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or c le rica l work m ay take the m ajor part of this w o r k e r’ s time while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates sim ple tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting machines such as the
s o rte r, reproducing punch, colla tor, e tc., with s p e cific instructions. May include sim ple
wiring from diagram s and som e filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . O perates a variety of tabulating or electrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such m achines as the tabulator, ca lcu la tor, interp reter, co lla to r, arid others.
P erform s com plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and p erform s difficult
w iring as required . The com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregu la r or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring som e planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced op erator,
is typ ically involved in training new operators in machine operation s, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagram s and operating sequences of long and com plex rep orts.
Does not include working su p ervisors p erform ing tabu'lating-machine operations and d a y-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-m achine op erators.
Class B. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the s o rte r, rep rod u cer, and colla tor. This work is
p erform ed under s p ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of som e wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r c is e , a com plete but sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex rep ort. Such reports and studies are usually of a recu rrin g nature where the p ro ­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the m achine.

P rim a ry duty is to tra n scrib e dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribin g-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rica l work.
W orkers transcribin g dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
b riefs or reports on scien tific resea rch are not included. A worker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after ca lcu la ­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials fo r use in duplicating p ro ce s s e s. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re c o rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incom ing m ail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves com bining m aterial fro m several sou rces or resp onsibility for co r re ct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniform ity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o lic ie s, etc.; and setting up sim ple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced prop erly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the con trol con sole of a digital com puter to p ro ce s s data according
to operating instructions, usually p repared by a p rog ra m er. W ork includes m ost of the follow ing;
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s, etc.); switches n ecessa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operating p roblem s and m eet
special conditions; review s e r r o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe rs problem
to su p ervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating record s. May test and a ssist in correctin g
program .

Converts statements of business p rob lem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the p roblem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working fro m charts or d iagram s, the p rog ra m er develops the p re cis e
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired results. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Applies knowledge
of computer cap abilities, m athem atics, lo g ic em ployed by com puters, and p articular subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the p roblem to be program ed. D evelops sequence
of p rogram steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show ord er in which data w ill be p ro ce sse d ;
converts these charts to coded instructions fo r m achine to follow ; tests and c o r r e c t s p rog ra m s;
p rep ares instructions fo r operating p ersonnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to in crease operating efficie n cy or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains record s of
p rogram developm ent and rev ision s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p r o ­
gram ing should be cla ss ifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

F or wage study purp oses, com puter operators are cla ss ifie d as follow s:
C lass A . O perates independently, or under only general d irection, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: New p rogram s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of cr itica l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
p rogram s are of com plex design so that identification of e r r o r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s m ay not be available. May give
d irection and guidance to low er level op erators.
Class B . Operates independently, o r under only general d irection, a com puter running
p rogram s with m ost o f the following ch a ra cteris tics: M ost of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typ ically run on a regularly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate p rogram s are p rovided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be co r re cte d within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e r r o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes c o r re ctiv e action. This usually involves applying prev iou sly p r o ­
gram ed co r re ctiv e steps, or using standard co r re ctio n techniques.

Does not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p ro ce ssin g (EDP) em ployees, o r p rog ra m ers p rim arily con cerned with
scien tific a n d /o r engineering prob lem s.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, p rog ra m ers are cla ss ifie d as follow s:
C lass A . W orks independently or under only general d irection on com p lex p roblem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra ctice s. W orking from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired results, m ajor p ro ce ssin g steps to be
a ccom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the p rob lem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

OR
Operates under d irect su p e rv is io n s com puter running p rogram s or segm ents of program s
with the ch a ra cteristics d escrib ed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less d ifficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed .
Class C . Works on routine program s under clo s e supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect p roblem s involved in
running routine p rog ra m s. Usually has receiv ed som e form a l training in com puter operation.
May a ssist higher level op erator on com plex p rogra m s.




At this le vel, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce severa l interrelated but diverse products fro m numerous and d iverse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro ce ssin g actions must occu r. This requires
such actions as developm ent of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between op erations, adjustments to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to fo rm a highly integrated p rogram .
May provide functional d irection to low er le ve l p rog ra m ers who are assigned to a ssist.

16
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

C lass B . W orks independently or under only general d irection on relatively sim ple
p rog ra m s, o r on sim ple segm ents of com plex p rog ra m s. P ro g ra m s (or segm ents) usually
p ro ce s s inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous record s may be
p ro ce s s e d , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu ra cy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T ypically, the program deals with
routine record -k eep in g type operations.
OR
W orks on com plex p rog ra m s (as d escrib ed fo r cla ss A) under clo s e d irection of a higher
level prog ra m er or su p ervisor. May a ssist higher level p rog ra m er by independently p e r ­
form ing less d ifficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly clo se
d irection.
May guide or instruct low er level p rog ra m ers.

OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data p ro ce ssin g schem e or system , as d escrib ed for
cla ss A. W orks independently on routine assignm ents and re ce iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is review ed for accu ra cy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure prop er alinement with the o ve ra ll system .
Class C. Works under im m ediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ra ctica l experience
in the application of p roced u res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F o r example,
m ay a ssist a higher le ve l system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p rog ra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN

C lass C . Makes p ra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctices and concepts usually
learned in form a l training cou rses. A ssignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced u res to routine prob lem s. R eceives clo s e supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is review ed to verify its accu ra cy and conform ance with
required p roced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business p rob lem s to form ulate p roced u res fo r solving them by use of electron ic
data p rocessin g equipment. Develops a com plete descrip tion of all specifications needed to enable
p rog ra m ers to prepare required digital com puter prog ra m s. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing:
Analyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c r ite ria required
to achieve satisfa ctory resu lts; s p ecifies number and types of re c o rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by p ersonnel and com puters in sufficient detail fo r
presentation to management and fo r program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordin ates the developm ent of test problem s and participates in tria l runs of
new and rev ised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and program ing should be c l a s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp onsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts p rim a rily con cerned with
scien tific or engineering prob lem s.
F o r wage study p u rp oses,

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or. wholesale establishm ent.) C onfers with persons concerned to determ ine
the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter p ersonnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.

system s analysts are cla ss ifie d as follow s:

Class A . W orks independently or under only general d irection on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of d iverse sources
of input data and m u ltip le-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re co rd in
which every item of each type is autom atically p ro ce s s e d through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) C onfers with persons co n ­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessin g p roblem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new o r revised system s Of data p rocessin g operations. Makes r e c o m ­
mendations, if needed, fo r approval of m a jor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . W orks independently or under only general d irection on p roblem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rog ra m , and operate. P rob lem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are hom ogeneous and the output data are c lo s e ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting preceden ts. W orks in clo se sup­
port with the design origin ator, and may recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. W orks with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssistance. C om pleted w ork is
review ed by design origin ator fo r con sisten cy with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or d irect their preparation by low er level draftsm en.
Class B . P e rfo r m s nonroutine and com p lex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: P re p a re s working drawings of subassem blies with irreg u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re cis e positional relationships between com ponents; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r con struction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ece ssa ry
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load cap a cities, strengths,
stre ss e s, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice fro m supervisor.
Completed work is checked fo r technical adequacy.
Class C. P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings p repared include iso m e tric p rojection s
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and section al view s to cla rify positioning of
com ponents and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details from a number of sou rces
and adjusts or transposes sca le as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le ss com plete when assignm ents re cu r. W ork m ay be sp ot-ch ecked during p ro g re ss .
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
C opies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or p encil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large sca le not requiring clo s e d elineation.)
a n d /or
P rep a res sim ple or repetitive drawings of ea sily visualized item s.
during p ro g re ss .

W ork is c lo s e ly supervised

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)
A re g iste re d nurse who gives nursing se rv ice under general m ed ical d irection to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p re m ise s of a
fa cto ry or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing: Giving firs t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d ressing of em p loyees' in ju ries; keeping re co rd s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r com pensation or other p u rp oses; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em p loyees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P e rfo r m s the carpentry duties n ecessa ry to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cr ib s , cou nters, benches, partitions, d o o rs, flo o r s , sta irs,
casin gs, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of w ork from blueprints, drawings, m od els, or verbal instructions using a variety

of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable pow er to o ls , and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials n ecessary
fo r the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experien ce.




17
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)— Continued

P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le ctrica l equipment such as gen erators, tra n sform ers, sw itchboards, co n tro lle rs , circu it break­
e r s , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or e le ctrica l equipment; and using a variety of electricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance e le ctricia n requires rounded train­
ing and experien ce usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experien ce.

the various assem blies in the veh icle and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticesh ip or equivalent training and experien ce.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er,
heat, refrig era tion , or a ir-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s so rs , gen erators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b oilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a re c o rd of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also su­
perv ise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents em ploying m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary b oilers to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or o il burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing b o ile rro o m equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by p erform ing s p e cific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and to o ls;
cleaning .working a rea, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
to o ls; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also p erform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b asis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls , such as jig b o re rs ,
cylin d rical or surface grin d ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: P lan­
ning and p erform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessin g item s requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of a ccu ra cy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feed s,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n ecessa ry adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recogn ize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to d ress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F o r c r o s s ­
industry wage study p u rp oses, m achine-tool op era tors, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P roduces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of m etal parts of m echan­
ica l equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of w ork; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m ateria ls, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ra ctice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the follow ing: Examining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop fo r m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications fo r m ajor repairs
or fo r the production of parts ord ered fro m machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n ece ssa ry adjustments fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and exp erien ce. Excluded fro m this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs m achines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the f o l ­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tr e s s e s ,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls , equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good ord er power
tra n sm ission equipment such as drives and speed red u cers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts
equipment of an establishm ent.

or wearing surfaces

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodw ork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo r s , o ils ,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper co lo r or consistency. In general, the
w ork of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
PIPE FITTER , MAINTENANCE
Installs or rep a irs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specification s; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co r re ct lengths with ch isel and ham mer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or p ow er-d riven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re s su re s, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether
finished pipes m eet specification s. In general, the w ork of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good ord er. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b e r's snake. In
general, the w ork of the maintenance plum ber requires rounded training and experien ce usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra cto rs of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d rills , or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing

F a b rica tes, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lo ck e rs, tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts,
m etal roofing) of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m od els, or other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of




18
SH EE T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal a rticles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and exp erien ce.

using a variety of tool and die m ak er's handtools and p recision m easuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of com m on m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of w ork, speeds, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescrib ed toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m ateria ls, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m eta l-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m od els, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssification .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P e rfo rm s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
o rd er, using arm s or fo r c e where n ecessa ry . Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p rem ises period ica lly in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illeg a l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P rep ares m erchandise for shipment, or re ce iv e s and is responsible for incom ing ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work in v olv es: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, rou tes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and
keeping a file of shipping re c o rd s. May d irect or a ssist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving work in v olv es: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, in v oices, or other re c o rd s ; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to p rop er departments; and maintaining n e ce s ­
sary re co rd s and file s.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F o r wage study p u rp oses, w orkers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa cto ry working areas and w ashroom s, or
p rem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a com bination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance s e rv ice s ; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e r s , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re ­
houseman or w arehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order p icker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers' ord e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep re co rd s of outgoing o rd e rs , requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m ateria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
o v e r-th e -ro a d d rivers are excluded.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, tru ckd rivers are cla ssifie d by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
T ru ckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckd river, light (under 1V tons)
z
T ru ckd river, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con ­
tain ers, the s p ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various item s of stock in ord er to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using e x ce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually con trolled gasolin e- or e le ctric-p o w e re d truck or tra ctor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.
F or wage study p urposes, w orkers are cla ss ifie d by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru ck er, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le O n

availa ble

R equest-

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g t h e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1 9 6 5 .
at n o c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilen e, Tex.
A lask a
A l b a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d ria , La.
A l p e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A m a rillo, Tex.
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t la n t ic C ity , N.J.
A u g u s t a , G a . —S . C .
A ustin, T ex .
B a k e r s fi e l d , C alif.
B aton R ou g e, La.
B illin g s , M ont.
B i l o x i , G u lfp o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a lk , and S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
C heyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., and H o p k i n s v i l l e , K y.
C o lo r a d o Sprin gs, C olo.
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a . —A l a .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
Dothan, A la.
D u lu t h — u p e r i o r , M i n n . —W i s .
S
D u rh a m , N .C .
E l P a so, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D a k .—M i n n .
M
F a y e tt e v ille , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . —O k l a .
F r e d e r i c k — a g e rsto w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , M ont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n S a le m — igh P o in t , N .C .
W
H
H a rrisbu rg, Pa.
H a rtfo r d , Conn.
H untsville, A la.

C op ies

of public

release

K n oxv ille, Tenn.
L aredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , Nev.
L e x in g to n , Ky.
L o w e r E a stern Shore, M d .-V a .
L y n ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S te . M a r i e , M i c h ,
M erid ia n , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N .J.
M o b i l e , A l a ., and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la.
N a sh v ille, Tenn.
N ew L o n d o n — r o t o n — o r w ic h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M ain e
O g d e n , U tah
O rla n d o , F la.
O x n a rd — entura, C alif.
V
P a n a m a C ity , F la.
P in e B luff, A rk .
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a i n e —M a s s .
P u e b lo , C olo.
R en o, Nev.
S a c r a m e n to , C alif.
S alin a , K a n s.
S a l i n a s —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
C
S tock ton , C alif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T opek a , Kans.
T u cson , A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a lle jo — apa, C alif.
N
W ich ita F a lls , T ex .
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N . J . —M d .

T h e e le v e n th annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1693, N a tio n a l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 .0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r an y o f its r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .







A rea W age

S urveys

A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f t h e W a g e a n d H o u r D i v i s i o n o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

B ulletin n u m b er
an d p r i c e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 8 8 ,
A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1971 1
_________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 4 ,
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 _________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 8 ,
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 1 __ 1 6 8 5 - 7 5 ,
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ______________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 6 9 ,
1 6 8 5 - 1 8,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 19 70 1----------------------------------------------B e a u m o n t r P o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1971 1
------ 1 6 8 5 - 6 8 ,
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 19 70 ______________________________
16 85-6,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1971 1___________________________
1685-63,
1685-2 1,
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1 9 70 1 ____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 1 ________________________________
1 6 8 5 - 1 1,
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1
----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 3 ,
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1971 1----------------------------------------------1 6 85-5 9,
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 1 _____________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 7 1 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 197 1---------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 7 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 8 ,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1 ____________________ 1 6 8 5 - 1 0 ,
C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 0 _____________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 9 0 ,
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , F e b . 1971 1
K
---------------------------1685-5 3,
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 19 70 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 8 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1970 1----------------------------------------------1 6 85-3 3,
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 70 1 ----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 2 ,
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111.,
F e b . 197 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 1 ,
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 19 70 1
----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 5 ,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 19 70 ----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 1 ,
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 0 ,
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1971 1
-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 7 ,
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 70 1 -------------------------------------------1685-2 5,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1971 1
----------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 8 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1971 1-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 7 ,
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 70 1
_____________________________
1 6 85-3 1,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 197 1 1
________________________________
1 6 85-3 9,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 19 70 1
------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 7 ,
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 1 6 ,
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 70 1-----------1 6 60-8 2,
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 70 1-------- 1 6 8 5 - 1 ,
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a Anar—
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1971 1--------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 6 ,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 2 7 ,
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 197 1---------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 0 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 70 1 ------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 0 ,
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1970 1
____________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 2 9 ,
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------1685-4 0,
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 6 ,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 --------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 4 ,

 Data on establishment practices


and supplementary wa ge provisions are also presented.

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30
40
35
30
50
35
35
35
50
40
35
35
45
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

50
30
30
35
30
40
30
35
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Area
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 1 9 7 0 1_______
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 -----------------------N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 197 1_______________________________
_____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1971 1
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 70 1_______________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1971 1 ------------------------------------------------O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1970 1 _________________________
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1970 1____________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1971 1________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1 9 70 1______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1970 1__________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 __________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f fic e o c cu p a tio n s only),
A u g . 1 9 7 0 ______________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 7 1 ____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1971 1___________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 70 1_________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 _______________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
D e c . 1970 1
------------------------------------------------------------------------------S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 0 ----------------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 70 1
___________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 197 1 1
______________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , D e c . 1970 1
---------------------------------------S o u t h B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 70 1 _______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 --------------------------T o l e d o , O h i c m M i c h . , A p r . 1971 1
__________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1 _________________________________
U t i c a ^ R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1970 1
------------------------------------------------W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 __________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ______________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 1 _________________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ____________________

B ulletin n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1660-85,
1685-4 7,
1685-3 5,
1685-3 6,
1660-8 9,

35
40
30
40
75

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 6 85-4 6,
16 85-5 ,
1 6 8 5 - 14,
1660-8 7,
1685-34,
16 60-70,
1685-4 9,
1 6 8 5 - 19,
1660-77,

35
30
35
45
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1660-72,
1 6 8 5 - 12,
16 85-6 2,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

16 85-7 ,
1685-7 9,
1685-65,
1685-26,
1660-71,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1685-42,
1685-2 0,
1685-2 3,
1685-13,
1685-72,
1685-3,
1685-5 2,
1685-38,
1685-61,
1660-86,
16 85-8 ,
1 6 8 5 - 17,
1685-7 4,
1 6 8 5 - 15,
16 85-9,
1685-5 6,
1685-5 5,
1685-3 2,
1685-6 4,
1685-73,
1 6 85-5 0,
1685-2 4,

40cen ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A SHING TO N. D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PR IV A TE USE, $300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

r~
i

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102