View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

L i . r .




-ayton Montgomery Co*
Public Library
S EP 1 5
DOCUMENT COLLECTION;

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e T o le d o , O h io —M ichigan, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
A pril 1971

B u lletin 1 6 8 5 - 7 4
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




Region 1
1
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N .Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region 1 1
1
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e T o le d o , O h io —M ich ig an , M etro p o litan A rea,
A p ril 1971
B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 7 4
August 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 40 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , a nd (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a nd in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t io n _______________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s :
L
2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p le t io n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta to r e la t e to g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g io n s a n d th e U n ited S t a te s .

A.

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .

B.

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
T o l e d o , O h io — ic h . , in A p r i l 1 971.
M
T h e S ta n d a rd M e t r o ­
p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L u c a s a nd W o o d
C o u n t ie s , O h io , and M o n r o e C o u n t y , M ic h .
T h is stu d y w a s
c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in C h ic a g o , 111. ,
u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o is L . O r r , A s s is t a n t
R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
5

E s t a b lis h m e n t s a nd w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d ie d ________________________________________________________
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a nd s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f ch a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s — e n a nd w o m e n _________________________
m
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and
w o m e n ___________________________________________________________
A - 3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A -4 .
M a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s ______________________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le
areas.
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

fo r o th e r

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e T o l e d o a r e a a r e a l s o a v a i l ­
a b le f o r m o t o r v e h i c l e p a r t s ( A p r i l 1 9 6 9)U n ion s c a l e s ,
in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le f o r b u il d ­
in g c o n s t r u c t io n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y ­
e e s ; a nd l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s an d h e l p e r s .

4

6

7
10
11
12
13

15
16
17
18
19
22
25




In tro d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e f it s o n an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s t o r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t io n a nd e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e th e y te n d t o f u r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s da ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s an d
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in ta b le
2, a r e b e t t e r i n d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in
th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s ­
t im a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g t o a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s a nd E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s , a nd a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t ; a nd (4) c u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e jo b t i t le s a r e f o r a l l in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou g h
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly
f o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e sh o w n . L ik e w is e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a su b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t sh o w n
o r in fo r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n ot a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s ta ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the a c tu a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu ­
a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e
th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e la t e t o p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a ta f o r in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s n ot
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s ."
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , a nd p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f ic e f u n c ­
tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a nd n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a f e t e r ia
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , and th e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m a n d l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (t a b le B -Z ) a r e l im it e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t im e o f the
su rv ey.
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a i d h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a nd h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , and
p e n s io n p la n s (t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it ( l ) h a d operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r
th e p r a c t i c e s lis t e d . S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th ro u g h
B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e lim it e d to data on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n te d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v id e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is n o t g r a n te d a n o t h e r d a y o ff.
T he fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le a n d 'h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) is lim it e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It is n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t f o r a l l le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E s t im a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s a nd v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s arid t h o s e w h ic h
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s w ith
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . S u ch e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l,
a lu m in u m , and c a n i n d u s t r ie s .
D a ta on h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) in ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y an d t h o s e p r o v id e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p lo y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e p la n ,
e v e n i f l e s s th an a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t ic ip a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
L e g a l ly
r e q u ir e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is l im it e d to th a t ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,
p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e than is le g a l l y
r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d the
con­
r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e
2
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.

3
l im it e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d in g to (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y
and n o w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h ic h p r o v i d e e it h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a itin g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f th e p r o p o r t io n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l is s h ow n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e it h e r o r b o th ty p e s o f b e n e f it s .
4

An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a nd in ju r y in v o lv in g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t ia l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
D e n ta l in s u r a n c e u s u a lly
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a r e p la n s w h ic h
c o v e r o n ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w r it t e n b y c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n s
o r th e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f a fun d s e t a s id e f o r
th is p u r p o s e . T a b u la t io n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to
t h o s e p la n s th at p r o v i d e r e g u la r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's l i f e .

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ithin sc ope o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in T o le d o , O h io —M ic h .,1 by m a jo r in d u s try divisio n ,2 A p ril 1971
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y
W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 4

S tu d ie d
T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N u m ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s _____________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________ _____________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g . __________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ______ ___________ _____
W h o l e s a le t r a d e _______________
_______________
R e t a il t r a d e _____ _________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 8 ----------------------------------------------------------------

_

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

483

150

1 2 0 ,3 9 4

100

8 1 , 3 67

17, 3 94

7 7 , 769

-

2 10
273

72
78

7 3 ,4 4 0
4 6 ,9 5 4

61
39

5 1 ,5 6 9
2 9 ,7 9 8

9 , 7 30
7 ,6 6 4

5 2 ,4 2 2
2 5 ,3 4 7

50
50
50
50
50

43
48
101
29
52

20
11
22
8
17

1 1, 103
6 ,6 7 7
1 8 ,5 5 2
4 , 786
5 , 836

9
6
15
4
5

6 , 314

1 ,6 5 7

8 ,9 6 6
2, 042
9 ,4 7 6
2 ,4 4 1
2 ,4 2 2

50

(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

1 T h e T o l e d o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L u c a s a n d W o o d C o u n t i e s , O h io , a n d M o n r o e C o u n t y , M i c h .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e
o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s i z e a nd c o m p o s itio n o f th e
la b o r f o r c e
in c lu d e d in t h e
su rv
a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 96 7 e d i t io n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e S e r i e s
B
t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta
f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y ,
(2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n ot
d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r
" a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g iv e n in f o o t n o t e
6 above.
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t w o - t h i r d s o f t h e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e T o l e d o a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo l lo w i n g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c in d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
In d u stry g rou p s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _______ 27
S to n e , c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c t s ___________________________ 19
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 10
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 8
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______ 8
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s ___________________________ 5
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s -------- 5

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s
M o t o r v e h i c l e s and
e q u i p m e n t -------------------------------------- 25
F la t g l a s s __________________________ 9
P r o d u c t s o f p u r c h a s e d g l a s s ___ 6
N o n f e r r o u s f o u n d r i e s ------------------ 5

T h is in f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on t h e r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b tr a c t in g 100 f r o m th e in d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a te o f
th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
Annual ra te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n th s w h en th e tim e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t io n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t io n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in te n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e in d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g
th e b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g
y e a r and c o n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t io n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each grou p.
L im it a t io n s

o f D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f
ch a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e r e s u l t in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d if f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n th ou g h a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im i l a r l y , w a g e s
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o llo w in g k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in an o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s ig n e d a c o n s t a n t w e ig h t b a s e d o n it s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators,/ class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

The
p lie d b y th e
in th e g r o u p
w e r e r e la t e d
g a te f o r th e

Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Secretaries
Electricians
Stenographers, general
Machinists
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
A and B
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Tool and die makers
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Industrial nurses (men and
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
women):
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , as s u ch , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
fo r o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e any s ig n ific a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t io n s
w e r e t o t a le d .
The a g g re g a te s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s
b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e la t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
e a r lie r y e a r.
T h e r e s u lt a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s an d s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

in

T o le d o , O h io —M ic h ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 and A p ril 1 9 7 1 , an d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e ' fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u s t r ie s
P e rio d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

M a n u fa c t u r in g

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )
________________

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

In d e x e s (F e b r u a r y 1967=100)
F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------------------------------A p r i l 1 9 7 1 _________ ____ _________________________________

1 1 9 .6
1 2 8 .6

1 2 2 .5
1 3 4 .8

1 2 3 .4
1 3 5 .2

1 1 9 .1
1 3 2 .2

1 1 9 .3
1 2 8 .2

1 2 2 .0
1 3 4 .7

1 2 4 .9
1 3 6 .0

1 2 1 .7
1 3 1 .4

1 2 3 .0
1 6 5 .7

1 1 6 .4
1 5 8 .4

1 1 8 .7
1 5 5 .9

In d e x e s (M a r c h 1961=100)
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------------------------------------A p r i l 1 9 7 1 _______________________________________________

1 1 8 .2
1 5 2 .0

1 2 4 .9
1 6 8 .3

1 1 7 .2
1 5 8 .6

1 1 8 .2
1 5 6 .3

1 1 8 .2
1 5 1 .6

P e r c e n ts o f ch a n ge 1
M a r c h 1961 t o M a r c h 1 9 6 2 --------------------------------------M a r c h 1 96 2 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 :
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ------------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ----------— ---------------------

2 .3

2 .0

2 .3

2 .2

2 .0

2 .0

1 .9

2 .2

1 .9
2 .1

4 .5
4 .9

2 .3
2 .5

2 .7
2 .9

1 .6
1 .7

4 .4
4 .8

2 .0
2 .2

3 .5
3 .8

F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 4 --------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 4 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 5 --------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 96 5 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 6 --------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 96 6 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 --------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 8 --------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 96 8 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 9 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 ___ ____________
F e b r u a r y 1970 to A p r il 1971:
1 4 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ------------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ---------------------------------------

1 .8
1 .4
3 .3
6 .3
6 .1
6 .1
6 .3

1 .4
2 .8
5 .5
6 .5
6 .9
8 .0
6 .0

2 .3
1 .2
3 .9
4 .2
7 .8
8 .7
5 .3

2 .2
2—. 3
4 .6
5 .8
5 .5
8 .0
4 .5

2 .2
1 .4 *
3 .0
6 .9
5 .9
6 .1
6 .1

.5
2 .3
5 .0
7 .0
6 .9
8 .0
5 .7

2 .4
1.1
4 .0
4 .1
8 .2
9 .5
5 .5

2 .4
.4
3 .1
5 .8
6 .6
7 .1
6 .6

7 .5
6 .4

1 0 .0
8 .5

9 .6
8 .2

1 1 .0
9 .4

7 .5
6 .4

1 0 .4
8 .9

8 .9
7 .6

8 .0
6 .8

1
2

A l l c h a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s u n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d i c a t e d .
T h is d e c r e a s e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t b e t w e e n h i g h - a n d l o w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r a t h e r th a n w a g e d e c r e a s e s .

NOTE:
M o s t p r e v i o u s l y p u b l is h e d i n d e x e s f o r th e T o l e d o a r e a u s e d M a r c h 1961 a s th e b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d t o th e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v id in g t h e m b y th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g i n d e x n u m b e r s f o r
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 o n th e M a r c h 1961 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in th e t a b l e .
(T h e r e s u l t s h o u l d b e m u l t i p l i e d
b y 1 0 0 .)

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en

( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r se le c te d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , T o le d o , O h io —M ic h . , A p r i l 1971)

We(standard)D8S 1

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

T
„
,. , _
. .
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
Mean2
(standard)

$

Median2

Middle range2

$

%

70
Under
$
and
70
under

$

75
_

__________________________________________________________________________________________________ 75

$

80

$

85

_

$

90

_

_

95
_

80

85

90

95

-

-

$
100

_

-

$
105

_

$

|S

110

115

_

$

_

_

I

120

130

_

_

$

$

$

110

115

120

-

-

-

1
-

-

_

1*0

150

160

170

180

11
11

16
16

11
10

13
11

10
10

130

_

8
8

2
2

-

105

150

5
A

100

6
6

6
6

2
2

160

I

1*0

170

_

I

I

180

_

_

190

_

I
200

210

_

,

190

200

210 over

11
10

10
9

MEN

$

$

$

$

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS a ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

89
79

*0.3 169.00 169.00 152.00-187.00
60.0 169.50 169.00 152.50-187.50

-

-

-

CLERKS, O R D E R -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

35
29

60.0 153.00 165.00 133.00-171.50
60.0 162.50 161.00 132.00-152.50

-

-

-

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

37
30

60.5 167.00 171.50 162.50-173.50
39.5 166.00 171.50 158.00-173.50

-

-

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS) ----------M A N U F A C T U R 1 N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

71
37
36

2
2

1

39.5 106.50
39.5 100.00
39.5 109.00

98.00
97.50
99.00

85.50-116.50
86.00-113.00
80.00-166.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

8

-

5

1

6

2

2
-

1
1

-

-

-

16
11

5
-

-

3

-

1
-

8

3

-

1
2

6
1
1

2

2
6

1

-

11
10
1

2
-

-

-

-

3

-

-

3
-

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
l

-

-

-

3
3

6

-

-

6

2

-

26
18

-

1

-

3

3
2

7

6

3

2

6
5

-

-

-

-

MQMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

39
26

60.0 120.50 123.50 100.50-136.50
60.0 125.50 132.00 102.50-166.00

-

-

800KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURI N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

56
61
25

60.0 133.50 131.00 116.00-157.00
39.5 135.50 135.00 119.00-157.50
61.0 130.50 120.50 109.50-167.50

-

-

-

B00KKEEPING-MACHINE o p e r a t o r s ,
CLASS B -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMANUFACTURI N G -----------------

167
61
86

39.5 105.00 99.00
39.5 116.00 103.00
39.0
98.00 96.50

90.50-123.50
93.50-161.00
87.00-113.00

-

7
7

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

221
127
96

39.5 166.00 162.00 123.00-165.00
39.5 151.50 152.50 126.50-173.50
39.5 136.50 130.00 120.00-166.50

-

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

603
205
198

-

7
7
-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- :-

120
26
96

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

68
55

CLERKS, O R D E R -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

126
93

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

189
119
70

Se e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s.




39.5 110.50 113.50
39.5 117.50 115.50
39.0 103.00 99.00
39.5
96.50
60.3 131.00
39.5
95.00

91.50-125.50
98.00-160.50
89.50-115.50

9

-

2
-

-

-

35
18
17

7
6

3
3
-

7
6
1

9
6
3

11
7
6

-

-

-

11
6
5

61
16
27

33
13
20

28
2
26

61
15
26

9
13
- 9
13

23
7
16

17
6
13

13
1
12

16
5
II

16
10

13
8

l
1

-

-

12
12

16
10

8
8

16
8

5

26
16
10

20
8
12

-

79.00
78.50

76.00- 86.00
76.00- 83.00

-

10
7

60.0 123.50 121.00
39.5 117.00 116.50

95.50-139.50
95.00-136.00

-

-

1
-

60.3 115.00 109.53
39.5 119.50 113.50
60.3 110.50 108.00

96.50-136.50
97.00-160.00
96.00-126.50

-

-

13
9
1

30
30

2
2
3
1
2

3
2

1
13

5
6

1
1

82.00-100.00
85.30-106.00
80.50- 99.00

80.50
80.00

-

6
3

6
12
3 1
12

9

89.50
96.50
88.50

38.5
38.5

-

-

10
10

12

2

9

5
2

26
13
13
6

3
-

2

7
2
5

16

10
10

-

7

5

8

9

22
20
2

6
5

37
25
12

68
10
38

33
26
9

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

-

17
15
2

3
11

3
-

1
-

16
6
10

3
66
20
26

3

6
6

7

3
6

3
-

9
2

5

13
5
8

11
10

-

1
6

3

6

3

-

5
5

9
6

-

18
18

18
16
13
16
9 3
6 7
10

6
6

25
10
21
8
6
2

-

-

-

6

11
11
-

9
8

12
3
9

1
1

8
8

-

-

18
15
3

-

-

-

-

31
31
-

-

-

-

1
1

8
26

11
1

-

*
-

20
18
2

3

16
10

-

22
7
15

-

2

3
3

-

-

-

6
-

6

20
18
2

1

2
2

-

3
1

2

-

32

-

7
7

5

9

-

6
6

-

6
-

-

1-

1
1
-

-

- -

-

-

10
-

-

-

1
1

18
8
8
7
2
10
1

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

3

11
11

1
1

1

-

-

2

12

-

8

T a b le A -1 .

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —m e n an d w o m e n -----C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t ud ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, T o l e d o ,
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
s

Average
w eek ly

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

O h i o — M i c h . , A p r i l 1971)

M iddle range 2
(standard)

70
Under
*
and
70
under
75

t
75

t
80

s
85

s
90

s
95

t
100

s
105

s
110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210
and

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

1
-

2

4

8
5
3

3
2
1

9
4
5

5
4
1

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

4

5
2
4

4
4

4

22
20
2

5
5

2

2
2

4

1

2
2
-

4

14
4
10

19
9
10

5
2
3

5
1
4

47
46
1

13
12
1

17
17
-

15
11
4

23
5
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

4

17
16
1

-

-

-

12
9
3

34
14
20

26
5
21

29
21
8

32
26
6

28
12
16

15
12
3

29
17
12

19
10
9

9
5
4

6
6
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

6
1

7
1

2
2

11
5
5
2

33
12
21
7

20
5
15
2

121
85
36
7

77
54
23
4

88
80
8
4

40
30
10
10
5
4

23
23

190

200

210

over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANJFACTURING —

$
S
92.50122.50
93.50134.50
86.00-112.50

81
52
29

39.5
39.5
39.5

108.50
114.00
99.00

!or.,o
109.00
101.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

183
127
56

39.5
39.5
39.0

127.50
127.50
127.00

126.00
127.00
115.50

107.50112.50104.50-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------ -

246
143
103

40.0
40.0
39.5

111.00
113.50
108.00

108.00
109.00
104.50

9 7 . 5 0 - 122.00
1
101.50-126.00
95.50120.00 1

52
35

39.5
39.5

96.50
96.50

90.00
88.50

1,001
718
2B3
53

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

143.00
148.50
130.00
141.00

140.50
145.50
125.00
147.50

121.00125.00113.00106.00-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------

107
90

39.5
39.5

165.50
167.00

165.50
166.50

150.00-192.00
148.00-193.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING -----NO NM ANUFACTURING —

239
134
105'

39.0
40.0
38.5

144.50
153.50
133.00

144.50
148.50
126.50

124.50-162.50
139.00174.00
115.00158.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -----NO NM ANUFACTURING —

357
252
105

39.5
40.0
39.5

146.00
153.00
129.00

141.50
151.00
125.00

124.50129.50117.50-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MA NUFACTURING -----NO NM ANUFACTURING —

290
234
56

39.5
40.0
38.5

129.50
132.50
117.50

124.00
126.00
113.50

111.50144.50
114.00-150.50
100.50132.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UTILITIES ■

359
259
100
36

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

121.50
120.00
125.00
148.00

118.50
117.50
122.50
159.50

103.50144.00
102.50139.50
105.50153.00
130.00-163.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ----NO NMANUFACTURING —

452
345
107

39.5
40.0
39.0

132.50
134.50
125.00

133.00
133.50
120.00

115.00-153.00
117.50151.50
101.50154.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ---------------------

46
36

40.0
40.0

127.50
127.50

129.00
126.00

106.00-146.00
104.50-154.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS 8 ---NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

58
36

39.0
39.0

111.00
101.00

111.00
96.00

88.50-135.50
B2.00-119.50

5
5

2
2

5
5

SWITCHB0ARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPTI0NISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

215
101
114

39.5
39.5
39.5

103.50
101.50
105.00

102.00
97.50
104.50

90.50119.50 3
90.50115.50 1
91.00-124.00
2

9
7
2

9

27
14
13

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS)
MANUFACTURING --------SECRETARIES ---------MANUFACTURING ---NO NM ANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

S e e fo ot no te s at e n d of tables,




148.00
145.50
161.50
1
1
-

86.50-100.00
85.50-105.00

1
1

164.00
170.50
152.50
174.00

1
1
6
6
1
1
-

20
16
13
3
10
2

1
1
30
21
9
3

51
32
19
3

3
3

3
3
69
33
36
-

151
104
47
-

-

2
1

-

-

-

*

-

35
35

22
22

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

5
5

-

116
85
31
3

107
94
13
6

8
6

12
12

-

6
6

21
15

14
10

7
4

-

-

-

-

-

i

9

9

-

-

-

-

i

9

9

6
3
3

5
1
4

19
3
16

25
7
18

30
22
8

41
39
2

31
17
14

17
4
13

15
14
1

23
16
7

4
4
-

1
1
-

3
3

-

8
8

2
2

2
2

4
1
3

4
1
3

2
2

23
9
14

81
54
27

48
33
15

33
26
7

37
25
12

34
30
4

50
*6
4

8
6
2

8
8
“

7
7
-

6
6
“

i
i
-

5
3
2

8
6
2

22
12
10

7
4
3

19
17
2

32
19
13

27
21
6

45
43
2

30
24
6

27
23
4

32
28
4

10
8
2

13
13
-

1
l
-

-

“

9
9
-

2
2
-

4
1
3
-

12
9
3
-

13
9
4

25
17
9
-

32
19
13
-

18
17
1
-

48
39
9
-

45
28
17
8

26
20
6
6

31
30
1
-

36
24
12
4

24
8
16
16

2
1
1
1

-

-

~

-

-

28
25
3
1

4
4

10
6
4

20
4
16

34
25
9

25
14
11

20
18
2

47
39
8

38
37
1

84
71
13

44
41
3

75
41
34

33
31
2

12
12

5
5
-

-

1
1

4
3

5
5

3
3

5
4

2
-

3
3

5
3

6
2

9
9

1
1

4
4

2
2

5
2

4
2

2
1

2
1

6
4

4
3

5
2

4
2
2

23
19
4

22
15
7

25
4
21

17
3
14

11
11
-

167.50
171.50
147.00

3
3
-

-

11
9
2
-

9

13
4
9

32
14
18

B
1
8
3
5

2
2

2
-

1
1

-

~

_

-

-

“

-

i
i
-

_

-

9
T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n ----- C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for se le c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s stud ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, T o l e d o ,
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
t

Average
weekly

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

70

Under
V
and
70
under

(standard)

O h i o — M i c h . , A p r i l 1971)

(
75

t
80

S
85

t
90

t
95

(
103

t
105

(

S
110

115

(
120

80

85

16
16

12
12

90

95

100

105

110

13
12

9
9

13
13
*

36
28
3

35
23
12

54
18
36

26
6
20

11
7
4

15
9

-

i
140

-

120

130

140

9
9

8
8

20
19

15
9

11
11

27
27

1

6

-

*

16

15

8
8

12
3

3
-

3
3

i
150

-

s
160

-

115

150

160

11
9
2

$
170

170

19

i
180

180

i
190

190

i
200

210

200

and

210

over

3
3

5
3

12
10
2

$
130

W3MEN - CONTINUED
TR ANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------NONMANJFACTURING ------------

$
98'
94

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

1 0 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING —
ND NMANUFACTURING

228
181
47

3 9 .5
39 .5
39 .5

11 5.00
116.50

1 0 9.50

111.00

1 0 7.00

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANJFACTURING

332
148

39 .5
4 0 .0
39 .9

9 8 .0 0
1 0 8.00

9 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
8 9 . 00

S e e fo ot no te s at e n d of tables.




184

9 0 .5 0

111.00

3 3 .5 3 -1 0 6 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 1 3 3.00
1 3 1 .5 0 - 13 4.50
13 0 .5 3 -1 1 8 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
8 3 .0 3 - 9 5 .0 0

1
-

11
4
7

11
10

25
3

50

54

20

10

22

30

44

1

1
1

23
18
5

23
22

1

6

3

15
15

5
5

13
10

1
1

-

12
7

-

5
3

2

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

T a b le A - 2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — m e n a n d w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f or se le c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s studied o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division,
Weekly earnings
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of
workers

*
t

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

(standard)

»

%

90

weekly

Toledo,

O h i o — M i c h . , A p r i l 1971)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s rec e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g
100

$

t
11 0

12 0

13 0

t

t

*

140

150

*
16 0

*
170

$

t

180

190

$
20 0

*
210

22 0

of--$

%

23 0

»
29 0

S

250

$
260

s

S

2 70

28 0

and
under

290
and

10 0

110

120

13 0

190

15 0

150

170

18 0

190

20 0

210

22 0

23 0

29 0

25 0

-

-

-

6
5

9
9

13
12

25
20

12
11

3
2

7
7

9
6

2
2

"

-

1
1

-

-

-

2
1

19
10

9
7

6
3

2
2

3
3

1
1

5
1

2
2

_

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

2
2

3

2
2

4

-

2
2

i
i

-

*

4

4

3
3

4
3

2

10
8

10
9

13
11

2

2
2

260

270

2 80

29 0

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

12
9

2
1

5
4

3

2

i

i
i

1
1

_

2

MEM
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------

87
75

39.5
39.5

$
160.00
159.50

$
159.50
159.00

$
$
195.50-171.50
199.00-170.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

46
32

39.5
90.0

149.00
150.00

135.00
136.00

128.00-168.00
128.50-167.00

_

_

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C

30

39.5

137.00

129.00

118.00-157.50

-

1

11

4

2

2

6

i

1

1

-

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ---

37
28

90.0
90.0

213.00
221.00

202.00
225.50

187.50-237.50
199.00-299.50

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

9
3

6
3

5
5

_

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING ---

92
91

90.0
90.0

172.50
172.50

171.00
171.00

196.00-197.00
195.50-197.50

_

8
7

3

3
3

1
1

4

3

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ----------

99
40

90.0
40.0

259.50
258.00

265.00
262.50

296.00-276.00
241.00-274.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ----------

47
38

39.5
39.5

222.00
222.00

222.00
222.00

210.00-235.00
211.00-231.00

_

_

~

4
4

11
11

4
4

i
i

-

2
1

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -

157
130

90.0 211.50 203.50
<♦ 0.0 2 1 5 . DO 2 0 8 . 5 0

187.50-236.00
188.50-239.00

-

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -■

258
21 5

158.50
<♦ 0.0 1 6 8 . 5 0

169.00
164.50

155.00-179.50
159.50-180.50

-

"

■

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

178
152

90.0
90.0

133.00
132.00

129.00
128.00

119.00-192.50
118.00-193.00

5
5

19
10

73
69

<♦0.0

4 0 . D 164.00
169.00

159.50
159.00

143.00-182.50
193.00-189.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

29
29

48
96

35
21

4

9

n

4

8

ii

-

9

3
3

3
2

4

3

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

-------------------------

S e e fo ot no te s at e n d of tables,




3

3
3

-

-

2
2

17
17

26
16

29
13

22
22

7
7

6
6

18
17

3
3

3
3

23
23

_

1
1

_

31
27

45
31

73
61

95
29

36
36

8
8

9
2

_

10
10

1
1

_

i
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9

21
21

6

7

_

_

-

4

5

2

9

4

WOMEN
NURSES,

3

3

-

19
19

16
19

7

4

6

2

6

4

6

2

-

11

T a b le A - 3 .

O f fic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n

a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, T o l e d o ,

Average

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

O h i o — M i c h . , A p r i l 1971)

Average
Weekly

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

(standard)

123
72
51
32

39.5
39.5
39.5
60.0

$
101.00
98.50
105.00
115.50

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

houn 1

OFFICE

CONTINUED

Weekly

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y di vision

OCCUPATIONS

-

CONTINUED

SILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

63.3
60.0

$
120.50
125.50

M E SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
C L A S S A ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

60.3
39.5
61.0

133.50
135.50
130.50

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

1,002
718
286

39.5
60.3
39.0
60.0

163.50
168.50
130.00
161.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

107
90

39.5
39.5

165.50
167.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------•
-------------

260
136
106

39.3
60.0
38.5

165.00
153.50
133.50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

56
39

39.5
39.5

165.50
167.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

357
252
105

39.5
60.3
39.5

166.00
153.30
129.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S C ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

66
27

39.5
60.3

133.00
136.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

290
236

39.5
60.3
38.5

129.50
132.53
117.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

39
29

60.0
60.3

212.50
220.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

365
266
101

39.5
39.5
39.5
60.3

122.00
120.50
125.50
168.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

50
67

39.5
60.0

172.00
172.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N J F A C T U R I N G --------------------

652
365
107

39.5
63.3
39.3

132.50
136.50
126.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

ANALYSTS,
A --------------------------------------

53
66

60.3
60.0

259.50
258.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

39.5
63.3

127.50
129.30

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

ANALYSTS,
B --------------------------------------

53
63

39.5
39.5

217.50
216.50

39.3
39.0

111.50
101.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

A --------------------------------------

158
131

60.0
60.0

211.00
215.00

39.5
39.5
39.5

103.50
131.50
105.30

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

8 --------------------------------------

270
217

60.3
60.3

168.00
168.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

C --------------------------------------

185
157

60.0
60.0

132.50
131.50

-------------------

62

63.3

105.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

75
71

60.0
60.3

165.00
165.00

167
61

39.5
39.5
39.0

105.30
116.30
98.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

310
206
106

39.5
63.3
39.5

151.50
158.50
137.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

622
222
200

39.5
39.5
39.0

111.50
118.50
106.00

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

122
28

39.5
60.0
39.5

97.00
103.50
95.00

38.5
38.5

80.50
80.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

C --------------------

C L E R K S , O R D E R --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

151
122

60.3
60.0

130.00
123.00

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

226
169
77

60.0
39.5
60.5

126.50
129.00
116.00

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

81
52
29

39.5
39.5
39.5

108.50
116.00
99.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

186
127

39.5
39.5
39.0

128.00
127.50
129.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

K E Y P U N C H 'OPERATORS, C L A S S B M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

269
166
105

60.0
60.0
39.5

111.50
116.00
109.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------

39.0

39.0
39.3

96.00
95.50

39.5
39.5
39.5

115.50
115.50
111.00

336
168
188

39.5
63.0
39.0

98.00
108.00
90.50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

96
81

39.5
39.5

161.00
161.00

C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

135.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

229
182
67

TYPISTS,

BUQKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
C L A S S B ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N Q N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

See

fo ot no te s




at e n d

of tables.

215
101
116

ORAFTSMEN-TRACERS

1 2

T a b le A - 4 .

M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Toledo, Ohio-M ich., April 1971)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

t
t
Under 3.20 3.30
s
and
3 . 2 0 under

S
3.60

$
3.50

*
3.60

$
3.70

t
3. 8 0

3.30

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

3.60

3.50

3.60

3.70

3.80

3.

*

*

-

2
2

-

»
3.90

*
6.00

(
6. 1 0

*
6. 2 0

T
*
6 . 3 0 6. 6 0

$
6. 5 0

t

6.60

t
6.80

*
5.00

5 .20

*
5.60

*
5.60

$
5.80

6.10

20

9. 3 0

6.60

*• 5 0

6. 6 0

6.80

5.00

5.20

5 60

5.60

5.80

6.00

6

12
8

6
6

1
1

6
“

3
2

5
5

22
22

5
*

2
“

1

-

119
118
1

13
12
1
-

*

t
6.00
and

N*

o
o

o
O'

MEN

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

76
56

$
6.67
6.72

$
6.65
6.98

$
6 .2 5 6 .3 0 -

$
5.07
5.08

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N J F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

562
696

6.89
6 . 88

6.96
6.91

68

66

6.97
5.39

5.05
5.91

6
6
6
5

5
5
5
5

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

103
96

6.72
6.58

6.63
* .6 *

F I R E M E N , S T A T I O N A R Y B O I L E R ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

92
86

6.12
6.08

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

166
123

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

.62
.61
.93
.96

-

-

-

“
-

_
-

6 .0 7 6 .0 8 -

5.28
5.27

2
*

_

-

6.23
3.89

3 .5 8 3 .3 5 -

6.88
6.97

9
9

12
12

-

-

-

-

3.9 2
3.96

6.05
6.06

3 .6 8 6 .0 1 -

6.16
6.16

15
15

-

13
13

227
227

5.28
5.2 8

5.3 6
5.36

5 .2 3 5 .2 3 -

5.51
5.51

_

-

_

-

-

252
225
27

6.8 7
* .9 *
6.27

6
6
3
3

.3 2
.6 2
.6 8
.6B

-

5
5
6
6

.5
.5
.6
.6

1
2
8
8

_

-

:

:

6.27

*
5
6
6

*
*

27

5 .0
5.0
6.3
6.3

6.7
6.7
6.7
6.7

6
6
6
5

6
6
6
6

.3
.3
.6
.5

-

5
5
6
6

.0
.0
.7
.8

0
5
9
0

5
5

-

-

.6
.6
.2
.0

2
3
5
6

-

-

9
9

12
12

8
8

8
8

-

7
*

-

20
20

-

-

-

8
6

-

13
13

-

*

6
6

*
6

11
11

6
*

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

27
27

-

-

*

*

*

13
9
*
-

-

3
3
-

-

71
71

*
-

_

23
23
65
65

-

*

vn

-

16
16
6

“

ui

9
9

13
-

-

0 0
1 1

6
*

13
13

-




1
1

5

-

See footnotes at end of tables,

-

5
5

5.36
5.36

5.68
5.6 8

11
11

-

2
*

5.2 8
5.28

3
3

6
6
-

-

777
777

11
11

1
1

5.00
5.26

T O O L A N D D I E M A K E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

2
2

9
9

6.35

5.39

6
*

:

6.63

5.39

-

:

69

5 .2 3 -

_

1

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

5 .1 9 -

10
10

9

5.21

5.33
5.33

90
90

-

5.21

5.17
5.21

27
13
16
16

-

6 .3 7 -

67
65

27
27
-

-

6 .3 7 -

SHEET-METAL WORKERS. MAINTENANCE —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

36
36
-

-

5.10
5.10

6.8 5

8
6
*

-

6.82
6.8 2

6 .2 3 6 .2 3 -

95
96
1
1

-

699
699

6.77

67
62
5
1

-

M I L L W R I G H T S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

5.05
5.05

16
12
2
1

_

5.16
5.17

6.85

_
-

-

6 .1 5 6 .2 6 -

6.5 8

6
5
1
1

*
-

6.6 3
6.6 6

61

8
*
6
“

-

6.63

205
199

16
15
1

“

676
628

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

13
3
10
2

“

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

*

-

-

-

-

_

12
12

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

*

*

-

*

6
*

3
3

-

-

-

9
9

-

17
17
-

10

6.50

6 .0 2 6 .0 8 -

5
6

_

6.53
6.5 8
6.63

-

-

3
3

166
260
237

-

-

-

-

626

6.52

5
6
1
3

-

-

5
5

“

-

2
2
5
5

-

6
6

-

16
16

5
5

*

*

97
97

92
92

*
*

-

57
52
5
5

6
6

82
82

-

-

3
3

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

10
10

10
10

-

i
i

25
25

10
3
7
7

19
16
5
5

2
2

i
i

16
16

16
“
16
12

17
9
8
£
>

15
2
13
13

78
56
26
26

29
13
16
16

19
15

66
66

29
29

125
126

3
3

102
102

16
16

12
12

18
18

55
55

9
9

126
126

88
88

37
37

-

-

-

13
9

2
2

6
*

11
11

1

1
*

3
3

9
9

68
*8

52
52

21
21

1
-

-

“

53
35
18
18

16
10

36
16

3
3

38
36

87
87

12
8

-

5
5

3
3

-

-

-

100
100

6
-

16
2

6
6

-

-

P-

“
-

:

*

-

-

_

-

166
26
120
120

13
*
9
*

1
1

_

5

2
2
-

-

_

8
8

*
*

26
26

*

60
60

:

26

-

“

-

-

*
-

35
36

16
9

3
3

3
3

1
1

i
i

6
2

-

-

“

-

3
3

-

3
3

27
27

8
8

79
79

61
61

i
i

155
156

7
7

233
233

196
196

3
3

5

-

-

-

-

-

“

26
26

1

8
8

_

“
6
*

-

-

-

32
32

-

13
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t ud ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, T o l e d o ,
Hourly earnings3

O h i o — M i c h . , A p r i l 1971)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
I

Mean 2

Median2

*
1.90

$
2.00

s
2.10

f
2.20

*
2.30

$
2 . A0

$
2.50

t
2.60

$
2.70

*
2.80

*
3.00

t
3 . A0

$
3.60

%

3.80

*
A . 00

A . 20

$
A.AO

S

3.20

A . 60

$
A . 80

$
5.00

1.90

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2 . A0

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

3.00

3 . ?0

3 . A0

3.60

3.80

A . 00

A . 20

A.A0

A . 60

A . 80

5.00

over

165
9
156

81
-

72
72

65
-

82
18
6A

32
2A
8

A2
39
3

79
76
3

17
1
16

5
5
“

~

30
30
”

12
12

3

63
63
“

8
8

A

9
3
6

3
-

6

21
5
15

A
-

65

A8
A8

6
-

81

9

-

-

-

-

18

-

3

-

3

9

20

A2

1

-

59

5

8

30

12

3

-

-

15

19

3A

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

3A

319
57
252

171
1A6
25
25

38
37
1
1

278
266
12
“

-

-

~

80
67
13
13

1

-

226
185
A1
8

-

-

175
155
20
7

126
103
23

*

82
2A
58
-

5A
AA
10

*

63
1
62
-

10
5
5

-

18
1
17
3

-

3A

26
8
18

1
~

“

11
9
2

-

5

27
16
11

10

180
178
2

88
62
26

180
1A8
32

238
206
32

AA
1A
30

166
155
11

19
19
“

16
16
~

38
38

5

*

295
295

-

3
3

3
3

19
19

-

-

100
16
8A

“

6A
26
38

8A
A0
AA

1

-

A1
29
12

-

-

-

1
-

56
56

66
A2

1
l

A3
A3

168
13 A

7
7

1A
8
6

12
10
2

9
9

5
l
4

9
9
~

-

*

3
3

8
8

15
15

39
39

22
22

3
3

U n d e r * ' 80
*
and
1. 80 under

Middle range 2

*

i

HEN
$
2.56
3.A 6

$
2.2A
3.36

$
1 .9 2 3.0A -

$
3.17
3.90

38

2.10

2.03

1 .8 7 -

2.26

38

A .02

---------------------------------------------

219

3.56

3.81

3 .0 7 -

WATCHMEN
M ANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------

75

3.16

3.23

3.12
3.39

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 ,72 3
1 ,09 9
62 A
57

2.6A
3.39

3.09
3.30
2.56
3.A 9

2
2
2
3

L A B O R E R S . M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N J F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

1,50 0
991
509

3.71
3.A 9
A .L A

3.67
3.A8
A . 82

3.1A 3 .0 9 3 .5 6 -

A . 17
3.80
A . 87

OR D ER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

3 AO
152
183

3.57
3.A 5
3.57

3 . AS
3.AA
3.A 9

3 .3 8 3 .0 9 -

A .00
A . 01

3 .A 3 -

A .00

PACKERS,

-------------------------------------------

A31

---------------------------------------------

372

3.91
3.92

A . 12
A . 13

3 .5 3 3 .5 6 -

A .19
A . 20

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

86
60
26

3.A 5
3.58
3.16

3.51
3.59
3.15

3 .0A 3 .1 3 2 .6 7 -

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

101
101

3.98
3.98

A .1 A
A .1A

3 .8 3 3 .8 3 -

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

172
122
50

3.8 6
3 . 90

3.88
3.92

3.75

3 . BA

3.A 5 3.A 7 3.A 1 -

A .30
A .A 2
A .D A

TRUCKDRIVERS
----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1,37 0
508
862
605

A . 35
A . 26
4 . 41
A . 52

A . 38
4.44
A . 37
4.40

A .02
3 .8 3
4 .1 7
A .3 A

A . 92
A .7A
4.9 3
A . 95

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T (UNDER
1 -1 /2
T O N S ! --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

57
30
27

3.A 7
3.5A
3.3 9

3.5A
3.68
3.6A

3.A 1 3.A A 3 .1 9 -

3.33
A . 05
3.59

T R U C K D R I V E R S , MEDI UM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N J F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

2A5
86
159

A . 23
A . A3
A . 13

A . 20
A . 73
3.89

3 .5 9 A .12-

A . 91
A . 78

3 .3 7 -

A .9A

MANUFACTURING

S e e fo ot no te s

at e n d




of tables

-

3
3
2
3

.5
.8
.5
.5

7
8
8
5

10

9
-

10

A . 22
A . 22

SHIPPING

-

9

3.9 3
3.95
3.53

J A N I T O R S . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

.5 8
.8 9
.A 7
.2 8

1

G U A R DS
MANU FAC TURING

Ul

8B2
29 A
5B8

0

G U A R D S AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

-

-

8
8

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

23
-

10

8

2

23

A6
A6
-

13
12
1

75
72
3

-

_

-

-

-

13
12
1

-

-

6
6

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

8

8

-

-

8
6
2

12
10
2

-

5
A
1

_

_

-

-

8

8
8

10

5
5
_

_
-

_

_
-

-

4
4

-

.

.

-

-

A
4

“

"

~

_

-

-

_

_
"

-

4

-

4

A
A

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

_

2

-

2

2
2

_

1
1

-

1
l

4
4

_
~

-

5
5

-

“

-

"

-

_

-

“

1

”

“

*

86
86

2
2

-

-

-

“

-

-

“

-

10
6
4

u
3
8

38
28
10

13
12
1

28
16
12

16
8
8

16
10
6

35
3A
1

ii
10
1
1

62
9
53
1

48
35
13
"

92
51
Al
A

109
77
32
l

n o
26
8A
2A

322
25
297
276

115
105
10

2
1
1

1

9
8
l

20
2
18

2
2

11
11

_

_

_

-

”

“

8
8

13
8
5

27

1

5A
2
52

27

22
10
12

A
A

71
71
”

_

-

1
1
”

-

“
-

*

A3
A3

Al 9
9A
325
298

1
1

7A
11
63

14
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l a n d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, T o l e d o ,

$
Middle range 2

<

1.80

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divisic

1.90 2.00

Under
t
and
1.80 under

1.90

TRUCKDRIVERS

-

A p r i l 1971)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings3

MEN -

O h i o — Mich,,

s

2.00

t

t

$

i

s

»

$

s

2.10

2.10

(

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60 2.70

$

2.80

3.00

3.20 3.40

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.73

3.00

3.20

3.40

2.80

r

i

i

i

i

t

i

i

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

9
i
8

32
32

67
63
4

19
2
17

302
5
29 7
276

45
35
10
"

22
18

27
9
18

3
2
1

31

_

70
70

15 8
89
69

40
40
“

19 9
19 9

165
12 6
39

206
206

66
66
"

7
-

_

-

65
65

4.80

5.00

C O N TI N U ED

C ONT IN U ED

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAVY ( OV ER 4 TO N S,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ----------------------------------M A N UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------N ON M A N U FA C TU RI N S ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

$

$

743
177
56 6
50 6

4 . 44
4.05
4.56
4.61

4.38
3.87
4.39
4.39

$
$
4 .3 2 - 4.92
3 .8 0 - 4.46
4 .3 4 - 4.94
4 .3 5 - 4.95

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEA VY ( OV ER 4 TONS ,
OTHER THAN T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ------------M A N UFA CT URI NG ----------------------------------NONM ANU FACTURIN G -----------------------------

233
17 9
54

4.41
4.55
3.94

4.54
4.59
4.11

4.124.513.65-

4.93
4.95
4.16

1,415
1,303

3.53
3.52
3.77

3.57
3.58
3.57

3.313.303.51-

4.14
4.15
4.10

3.28

3.203.19-

3.92
3.93

T R U C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------MA NU FA C TU RI N G ----------------------------------NONMAN UFA CT URI NG -----------------------------

112

T R U C K E R S , PUWER (O TH ER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------------------------------MA NU FA C TU RI N G -----------------------------------

181
17 4

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S - MA NU FA C TU RI N G --------------------------------NONMA NU FAC TU RIN G ---------------------------

70 1
131
570

See

t

3.60

fo ot no te s




at e n d

of tables.

3.27

2.30
2.95
2.15

2.18
2.85
2.16

2.122.76-

2.28
3.23

2.12-

2.21

352
352

58
9
49

7

329

7

328

125

1

125

14
14

31

~

_

_

“

-

5
5

232
2

230
230

over

15

B.

E s ta b lis h m en t practices and su p p lem en tary w a g e provisions

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n

o ffic e w o rk e r s

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries an d in industry divisions by m i n i m u m entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced w o m e n office work er s, Toledo, Ohio— Mich. , April 1971)
Other inexperienced clerical wo rk er s 5

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
M i n i m u m weekly straight-time salary4

All
schedules

Establishments studied________________________________
Establishments having a specified m i n i m u m

- __________

40

All
schedules

150

72

XXX

78

XXX

52

35

30

17

11

1
2
2
5
5
6
5
3
2
4
1
3
2
1
1

1
1
3
1
6
4
3
1
3
1
3
_
_
1
-

1
1
3
1
5
4
3
1
3
1
_
_
_
_

_
2
1
2
4
1
1
1
2
_
_
1

_
_
1
1
_
2
1
1
1
2
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

1

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

3
1
3

3
1
2

3

_

1

_

_

2

1

Establishments having no specified m i n i m u m _____________

15

6

XXX

Establishments wh ic h did not e m p l o y w o rk er s
in this category_________________________________

83

31

XXX

See footnotes at end of tables.




_______

All
schedules

40

150

72

XXX

78

XXX

73

46

41

27

21

_
5
3
1
5
1
2
2
2

_

_
2
3
4
1
2
2
2
1
1
_
_
_

_

_

40

$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00_______________________________
$ 65. 00 and under $ 67. 50— -------------------- —
$ 67.50 and under $ 70.00----------------------------$ 70. 00 and under $72. 50------------------------------$ 72.50 and under $ 7 5.00_______________________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 and under $ 77. 50_______________________________
$ 77.50 and under $ 80.00_______________________________
$ 80.00 and under $ 82.50_______________________________
$82. 50 and under $85. 00_______________________________
$ 85.00 and under $ 87.50_______________________________
$ 87.50 and under $ 90.00_______________________________
$90. 00 and under $92. 50_______________________________
$92. 50 and under $95. 00_______________________________
$95. 00 and under $97. 50------------------------------$ 97. 50 and under $ 100. 00 - _____________________ ____
$ 100. 00 and under $ 102. 50_____________________________
$ 102. 50 and under $ 105. 00___ ________________________
$ 105. 00 and under $ 107. 50________ __________________
$ 107.50 and under $ 110.00_____________________________
$ 110. 00 and under $ 112. 50___ ______________ _______
$ 112. 50 and undejr $ 115. 00______________________ ____
$ 115.00 and under $ 117.50_____________________________
$ 117. 50 and under $ 120. 00---------- --- ----------$ 120. 00 and under $ 122. 50__________________ _________
$ 122. 50 and under $ 125. 00_____________________________
$ 125. 00 and under $ 127. 50_____________________________

Nonmanufacturing

Ba s e d on standard weekly h o u r s 6 of—

All
industries

B a s e d on standard weekly h o u r s 6 of—

All
industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

i
_
_
3
3
4
1
6
6
4
1
3
1
3
_

_

1

40

_
1
_

1
_
_
3
3
4
1
5
6
4
1
3
1
_
_
_
_
_

_

_

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
1
4

3
1
4

_

_

1

1

3
2
5

1

1
1

9

XXX

35

14

XXX

21

XXX

52

XXX

42

12

XXX

30

XXX

-

1
_
5
6
4
9
2
8
6
4
3
5
1
5
1
_
_
1
_
1
1

All
schedules

_

-

2
1
_
_

1




T a b le

B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tia ls

( L a t e - s h if t p a y p r o v i s io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s by ty p e and a m o u n t o f p a y d i ff e r e n t ia l,
T o l e d o , O h io— ic h . , A p r il 1971)
M
(A ll plan t w o r k e r s in m a n u fa c tu r in g 1 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g pla n t w o r k e r s —

In establishm ents having p rov ision s 7
fo r late shifts

L a te-sh ift pay p rov ision

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

T h ird o r other
shift

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

------

97. 4

89. 5

22. 9

8. 8

No pay d ifferen tial fo r w ork on late s h ift______

2. 6

_

Pay d ifferen tial fo r w ork on late s h ift_________

94. 8

89. 5

22. 3

8. 8

U niform cents (p er h o u r )_______ __________

73. 0

62. 6

17. 2

6. 5

5 c e n ts _________________________________
6 c e n t s _________________________________
7 c e n ts _________________________________
7 V2 cen ts________________________________
8 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------9 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------10 cen ts________________________________
12 cen ts________________________________
13 cen ts-------------------------------------------------14 cen ts________________________________
15 cen ts________________________________
16 cen ts-------------------------------------------------17 cen ts________________________________
18 o r 182 c e n ts _______________________
/3
20 cen ts- ______________________________
22 cen ts________________________________
25 cen ts________________________________
30 or 339 io c e n ts ----------------------------------/

2. 3
2. 3
2. 0
1.9
4. 5
11. 0
13. 3
8. 6
5. 9
6. 3
1.9
5. 2
2. 3
5. 6
-

_
2. 6
9. 8
15. 0
5. 6
8. 5
2. 5
1. 2
6. 5
3 .4
4. 4
3. 1

.6
.6
.4
.4
1. 1
3. 3
2. 6
1. 6
1. 5
1. 6
.4
1. 6
. 1
1. 2
_
-

_
_
_
.2
.7
2. 1
.9
1. 0
. 1
.4
.2
.4
.4

21. 2

21. 2

5. 0

1.9

5 p e r c e n t _______________________________
10 p ercen t______________________________
15 p ercen t______________________________

20. 5
.7
-

.3
20. 3
.7

4 .9
(*)
-

1. 9
-

Other form a l pay d iffe re n tia l_____________

.6

5. 6

.2

.3

T ota l- ----------------------------------- ------------

0. 5

.

Type and amount o f d ifferential:

U niform p e rce n ta g e __ __________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .

_

17

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., A p r il 1971)
P lan t w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

W eekly h o u rs
A ll in d u strie s

M anufacturin g




100

1
2

88
3
4

S ee footn ote at end o f t a b le s .

100

3
1
1
1

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------

95
1
1

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

A ll in d u strie s

100

95

(’ )
15
3
10
5
1
65

5

(* )

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u tilities

100

100

21
1
7

3

3
68

96

1

18

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, T oled o, O h io-M ich., A p ril 1971)
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
A ll industries

A ll w orkers________________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays --------------------— _ ------------_
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holid a ys______________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

100

100

99

100

100

3

-

-

(’ )

-

-

11
2
11

2

5
-

3

9
3
5

1
2
3

5

-

5

-

-

-

3

5
11
4

65
3

Number of days
6 h olid a ys-------------------------------------------- ----- —
6 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days _____________
7 h olid a ys______________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day______________________
7 holidays plus 2 or 4 half days . _____________
8 h olid a ys______________________________________
8 holidays plus 1 or 2 half days________________
9 h olid a ys__________________ __________________
9 holidays plus 2 half days --------------------10 holidays----------------- ---------------- ---- -------------11 holidays_____________________________________
----12 h o l i d a y s .---- --- ... --- ----------14 holidays______________________________________

17
2
18
1
5
5
18
2

27
1
7
6
28
3

-

9
15
-

-

n

4
12

(’ )
5

8

(9 )
36
4
8
8
9
2

41
3
8
10
17
2

2
11
20
31
67
67
83
84
91
99

2
18
29
40
81
81
94
96
99
100

n

-

1
60
(9 )
23
11
-

-

Total holiday tim e 1
0
14 days-------------------------- -------------------------------------12 days or m o r e ___________ __________ _______
11 days or m ore----- -------------- --------- ---------10 days or m ore------------- ------------------------- ---9 days or m o r e ____________ ___________________
8 V2 days or m o r e __________ ___________________
8 days or m ore ____________________
_________
7 V days or m ore ______ ____ __________________
2
7 days or m o r e ---------------------- -------------------------6 days or m o r e _________________________ ______

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
20
25
31
50
52
73
73
86
97

3
31
37
46
74
77
93
93

98
100

15
24
27
27
91
91
95
100

_

34
34
34
94
94
95
100

19

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

(P ercent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and industry divisions by vacation pay p rovisions, T oledo, Ohio— ich., A pril 1971)
M
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries

All w orkers-------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
68
31

100
52
48

100
94
6

100
97
3

100
95
5

100
100
*

(9)

"

*

'

"

9
15
4
-

13
22
4
-

5
-

4
52
9
2

1
66
12
2

27
-

67
16
11
4
1
(9)

60
24
8
6
1
1

73
10
17
-

21
5
67
3
3
-

9
10
71
6
4
-

61
39
-

42
15
36
5
1
(9)

48
23
20
7
1
1

23
68
10
-

5
5
82
4
3
-

3
10
76
8
4
-

1
96
3
-

13
18
58
8
3

90
10
-

2
3
82
5
8
2
-

(9)
5
76
8
7
3
-

_
97

(9)

17
28
38
12
4
1

12
14
60
10
3

15
23
42
15
5

-

-

-

2
3
82
4
8
2

(9)
5
76
8
8
3

Method of payment
W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations-------------------------------------------------L ength -of-tim e paym ent____________________
Percentage payment_________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations---------------------------------------------Amount of vacation pay 1
1
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week-----------------------------------------------------1 week----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s--------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------A fter 1 year of service
1 week----------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eeks--------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s_____________________
3 w eeks_________________________________________
4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------After 2 years of service
1 week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks--------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------4 w eeks_________________________________________
A fter 3 years of service
1 week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks--------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks--------------------------------4 w eeks------------------------- -----------------------------------

-

-

3

A fter 4 years of service
1 week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s--------------------------------2 w eek s________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s--------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s--------------------------------4 w eek s_________________________________________

See footnotes at end of tables.




(9)

1

-

90
10
-

-

97
-

3
-

2 0

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(P ercent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Toledo, Ohio— ich., A pril 1971)
M
Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation p olicy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

3
68
11
12
4
(9)

5
55
17
17
6
1

86
10
5
-

18
17
44
15
6
-

15
26
28
23
9
-

10
81
10
-

14
17
48
14
7
-

13
26
30
21
10
-

4
1
61
11
19
3

4
1
29
6

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

3
72
8
13
3
-

5
64
10
17
4

_
96
4
-

8
6
72
2
10
2

4
10
66
4
12
3

2
~
98

1
89
10
-

7
6
73
2
10
2

3
10
68
4
12
3

1
99
-

(9)
2
51
18
25
4

76
14
10

3
65
10
20
2

1
56
18
21
3

1
58
41
-

2
36
10
35
5
11
1

-

3
21
3
67
(9)
3
2

1
17
6
69
(9)
3

1
1
97
(9)
~

3
15
(9)
50
(9)
29

1
11
(9)
49
(9)
35
3
H

1
1
51
46
(9)

Amount of vacation pay 11----Continued
A fter 5 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s--------------------------------2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s--------------------------------3 w eeks_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks---------------------------------4 w eeks_________________________________________
A fter 10 years of service
2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks---------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks---------------------------------4 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks----------------------------------

'

A fter 12 years of service
2 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks---------------------------------3 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks---------------------------------4 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks______________________
A fter 15 years of service
2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks______________________
4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eeks---------------------------------After 20 years of service
2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------------------------3 w eeks_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eeks_________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks______________________
5 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 5 and under 6 w eeks______________________

46
4

8
1

88
10
3
-

4

A fter 25 years of service
2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks______________________
3 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks--------------------------------4 w eek s----- --------------------------------------------------------Over 4 and under 5 w eeks______________________
5 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks--------------------------------6 w eek s_________________________________________
See footnotes at end of tables.




4

1
20
7
41

8

18
1
(9)

2
22
10
32
11
21

2

-

-

53
10
35
3

2

(9)

2 1

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(P ercent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay p rovisions, Toledo, Ohio— ich., A pril 1971)
M
Plant workers
Vacation policy

Office workers

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

4
1
20
7
37
8
21
1
1
■ -

_
2
22
10
27
11
25
2
1
-

_

4
1
20
7
37
8
20
1
2

2
22
10
27
11
23
2
2

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay 11----Continued
A fter 30 years of service
2 w eek s________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------------3 w eeks--------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks--------------------------------4 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks--------------------------------5 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 5 and under 6 w eeks_____________________
6 w eek s________________________________________
Over 6 weeks------------------------------------------------------

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

15
(9)
45
(9)
33
(9)
1
2

11
(9)
43
(9)
39
1
2
3

3
15
(9)
45
(9)
32
(9)
2
2

1
11
(9)
43
(9)
37
1
4
3

-

44
10
44
3
*

3

1
-

41
57
(9)
-

Maximum vacation available
2 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------------3 w eeks_________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s--------------------------------4 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s--------------------------------5 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------Over 5 and under 6 w eek s--------------------------------6 w eek s_________________________________________
Over 6 weeks------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




_
-

44
10
44
-

3

1
1
-

41
-

57
-

(9)

22

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, T oled o, O h io-M ich., A p ril 1971)
Plant workers
Type of benefit and
financing 1
2

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Office workers
Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

A ll w ork ers_____________________Si-________

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown b elow __________

100

100

100

99

100

99

L ife insurance__________________ ___________
Noncontributory p lan s___________________
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance----------------- ----------------------------------Noncontributory p lan s___________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 13_______________________

97
85

97
89

100
73

98
77

98
85

99
65

84
70

89
72

67
59

80
65

88
75

68
58

95

99

77

87

93

95

Sickness and accident insurance-------------Non contributory p lan s_______ ______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod)__________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)____________ _______

86
81

97
90

44
44

61
57

84
77

31
31

13

4

27

63

71

55

4

1

26

4

-

33

Hospitalization in s u ra n ce ____ ____________
______
Non contributory plan s_________
Surgical insurance________ _______ _ . ___
Non contributory plan s-----------------------------M edical insu ra n ce------------------ -- — ______
Non contributory p lan s___________________
M ajor m ed ical in su ra n ce-----------------------------N oncontributory plans ----------------------------Dental insurance _ __________________________
Noncontributory p lan s____ _____________
Retirem ent pension__________________________
Non contributory plans _ ___ __ _______

99
87
99
87
91
81
46
33
4
2
89
81

100
86
100
86
97
83
83
74
20
20
78
59

99
83
99
83
94
79
83
60
16
14
91
80

100
90
100
90
98
89
80
58
23
23
95
83

99
88
99
88
99
88
97
86
8
8
68
45

See footnotes at end of tables.




100
90
100
90
93
86
36
22
( !)
(9 )
96
89

23
F o o tn o tes

A l l o f t h e s e s ta n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p ly to th is b u lle tin .

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , a nd th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th an th e r a te s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th an th e r a te s h o w n . T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e than th e h ig h e r r a te .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th at a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d
w ork w eek s.
5
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g ir l .
6
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , an d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c lu d e s a ll p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h if t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
8
L e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f fu ll a nd h a lf d a y s th at a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g - a to t a l
o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u ll d a y s and n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a nd 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on . P r o p o r t i o n s th en
w e r e c u m u la te d .
11 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th an " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t
tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
and d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t im a t e s l i s t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r . " N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s fin a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p lo y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
13 U n d u p lic a t e d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s a nd a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
lim it e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that ca n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n fo r m a l s i c k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .







A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l

D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u ' s w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its field staff in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y of p a y r o l l titles a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p i n g of o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e
r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e of this e m p h a s i s o n
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y of o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y differ si gn if ic an tl y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in di vi du al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d for o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u ' s field e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d i c a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFICE
BILLER,

CL ER K.

M A C H I N E

CL ERK,

O P E R A T O R

CL ERK,

A C C O U N T I N G

CLERK,




in this

area,

the

Bureau

FILE

O R D E R

P A Y R O L L

C o m p u t e s w a g e s of c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s t h e n e c e s s a r y
d a t a o n the p a y r o l l
sheets. D u t i e s in vo lv e: C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l sheet, s h o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t i m e , rate, d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d total w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
as si st p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d distributing p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a calculating m a c h i n e .

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e of c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s a n d of fice p r a c t i c e s a n d p r o c e d u r e s
w h i c h r e l a t e s to t h e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d r e c o r d i n g of t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t i o n .
W i t h e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r typically b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w i t h the b o o k k e e p i n g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in t h e a s s i g n e d w o r k , b u t is n o t r e q u i r e d to h a v e a k n o w l e d g e of t h e f o r m a l
p r i n c i p l e s of b o o k k e e p i n g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .

survey

definitions.

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s for m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u t i e s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n of t h e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t i n g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t listing t h e i t e m s to m a k e u p t h e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t i e s of i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e filled. M a y c h e c k w i t h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g of c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s to s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n filled, k e e p file of o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h i p p i n g
invoices w i t h original or de rs .

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t i n g to r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
re co nc il in g b a n k a c co un ts ; verifying the internal c o ns is te nc y, c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t i c a l
a c c u r a c y of a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n i n g
a n d v e r i f y i n g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s of r e p o r t s , lists, c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s t i n g , etc.;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M a y work
in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

la st

of t h e f o l l o w i n g

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e filing of m a t e r i a l t h at h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h i c h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m (e.g., a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in files a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
terial; a n d m a y fill o u t w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e files.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s of a se t of r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u i r i n g little k n o w l e d g e of b a s i c b o o k k e e p i n g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n ot i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e t y p e of billing d e s c r i b e d u n d e r biller,
m a c h i n e ) , c o s t d i st ri bu ti on , e x p e n s e di s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , etc. M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f trial b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

the

the b a s i s

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d files u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
ings o r p a r t l y cl as si fi ed m a t e r i a l b y finer s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e re l a t e d i n d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids. A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n ti fi ed m a t e r i a l in files a n d f o r w a r d s
material.
M a y p e r f o r m related
clerical ta sk s r e q u i r e d
to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e files.

C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t of r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e of a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w i t h t h e s t r u c t u r e of t h e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n of d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of t h e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o ns ol id at ed reports, b a l a n c e sheets, a n d ot he r r e c o r d s
b y hand.

Since

on

Class A .
In a n e s t a b l i s h e d filing s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m b e r of v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
files, c l a s s i f i e s a n d i n d e x e s file m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , etc. M a y a l s o file this m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t i o n
w i t h t h e files.
M a y l e a d a s m a l l g r o u p of l o w e r l e v e l file c l e r k s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , Elliott F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t i o n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w i t h o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d of b u s i n e s s
transactions.

NOTE:

Continued

c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s

C l a s s B . U n d e r close supervision, following detailed instructions a n d s t a n d a r d i z e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t i n g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id en ti fi ca ti on of i t e m s a n d l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e
c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s of s t a n d a r d i z e d a n d r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
or acco un ti ng d o c u m e n t s ; a n d co di ng d o c u m e n t s us in g a f e w p r e s c r i b e d acco un ti ng codes.

B i ll er , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ( S u n d s t r a n d , Elliott
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , etc., w h i c h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' bills a s p a r t of t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s t h e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y of f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
de bi t o r cr ed it b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e of b o o k k e e p i n g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s of s a l e s a n d c r e d i t slips.

CL ERK,

are

Class A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l su pe rv is io n, p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g clerical o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h
r e q u i r e the ap pl ic at io n of e x p e r i e n c e a n d j u d g m e n t , fo r e x a m p l e , cler ic al ly p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t i a l v a r i e t y of
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s a n d classifications, o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s t h r o u g h p r e v i o u s
a c c o u n t i n g a c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e of d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e assisted b y on e or m o r e
c l as s B a c c o u n t i n g clerks.

B i ll er , m a c h i n e (billing m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l billing m a c h i n e ( M o o n H o p k i n s , Elliott
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , etc., w h i c h a r e c o m b i n a t i o n t y p i n g a n d a d d i n g m a c h i n e s ) to p r e p a r e bills
a n d i n vo ic es f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , internally p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , ship pi ng m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , etc. U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n of p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h i c h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n t h e billing m a c h i n e ,
a n d totals w h i c h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r of c a r b o n c o p i e s of t h e bill b e i n g p r e p a r e d a n d is o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d
machine.

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E

A C C O U N T I N G —
Positions

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , bills, a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h i n e o t h e r t h a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c typewriter.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to bill in gs o r s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to billing o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i ll er s, m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e of m a c h i n e , a s f o l l o w s :

has

25

discontinued

collecting

d a t a for

oilers

and

plumbers.

26
C O M P T O M E T E R

S E C R E T A R Y —

O P E R A T O R

P r i m a r y d u t y is to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h i s
j o b is n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w i t h t h at of statistical o r o t h e r t y p e of c l e r k , w h i c h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e of a C o m p t o m e t e r but, in w h i c h , u s e of this m a c h i n e is i n c i d e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o t h e r duties.
K E Y P U N C H

Operates a keypunch
t a b u l a t i n g c a r d s o r o n tape.
are

machine

to

record

c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s

on

or

verify

the b a s i s

alphabetic

and/or

of t h e f o l l o w i n g

numeric

data

definitions.

Class B .
W o r k is r o u t i n e a n d repe ti ti ve . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r instructions, w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h i c h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h i c h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in de ta il a n d r e q u i r e
little o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g of d a t a to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s arising f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s or m i s s i n g information.
( O ff ic e B o y o r Gi r l )

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n i n g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r office m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n i n g a n d distributing m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r cler ic al w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s t h at r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n of a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a si gn i f i c a n t duty.

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e i n di vi du al . M a i n t a i n s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k ac tivities of t h e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a ir ly i n d e ­
p e n d e n t l y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m of d e ta il ed s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u i d a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d clerical
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l du t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e calls,
p e r s o n a l callers, a n d i n c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e inquiries, a n d r o u t e s the t e c h n i c a l in quiries
to t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s files; (c) m a i n t a i n s
t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h i c a n d typing w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d difficulty.
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e of office r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to t h e w o r k of t h e s u p e r v i s o r .
Exclusions
N o t all p o s i t i o n s t h a t a r e titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s t h e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e d e f i ni ti on a r e a s f o l l o w s ; (a) P o s i t i o n s w h i c h d o n o t m e e t
t h e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t fully t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u ti es ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s office a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p of p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e t h a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in t h e definition;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h i n v o l v e m o r e difficult o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
is trative, s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h i c h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d i n t h e l e v e l de fi ni ti on s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e officials w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w i t h r e g a r d to m a j o r
c o m p a n y activities. T h e title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e of this role, d o e s n o t
in all c a s e s i d en ti fy s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d i v i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s (e.g., a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d i v i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r i n d i v i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s of a p p l y i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .

all,

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e c h a i r m a n of t h e b o a r d o r
o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 , 00 0 p e r s o n s ; or

president

of a

company

that

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r t h a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d
of a c o m p a n y t h at e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

employs,

president

of a

company

t h at

employs,

in

or president)

c.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w t h e o f f i c e r level) o v e r either- a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t i o n a l ac ti v i t y (e.g., m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a tions, etc.) o r ~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t (e.g., a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r di vi si on ) of a c o m p a n y t h at e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p l o y e e s ; or
d.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d of a n i n d i v i d u a l plant, f a c t o r y ,
of official) that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

etc. ( o r

other

e q u i v a l e n t le v e l

e.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d of a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t (e.g., a m i d d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r of a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t often in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) of a c o m p a n y . t h a t e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 25, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
Class

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u i v a l e n t
to o n e of t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in t h e d e fi ni ti on f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d i n a t e staff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d is u s u a l l y d i v i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e often, in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l i n c l u d e s
a w i d e r a n g e of o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; £ r

Class

etc. ( o r

other equivalent

le v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
about 25 or 30 persons); o r

of a

small

o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it (e.g., f e w e r

than

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y staff s p ec ia li st , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tive officer, o r a s s i s t a n t , sk i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(NOTE;
M a n y c o m p a n i e s assign
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r t h a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to this l e v e l of s u p e r v i s o r y o r
nonsupervisory worker.)
S T E N O G R A P H E R ,

G E N E R A L

P r i m a r y d u t y is to t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r i n s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e dictation.
Ma y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a i n t a i n files, k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routine clerical tasks.
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h i c po o l .
D o e s not include t r a n sc ri bi ngm a c h i n e w o r k . (See t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e operators.)
S T E N O G R A P H E R ,

SENIOR

P r i m a r y d u t y is to t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n scientific r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e di ctation. M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a i n t a i n files, k e e p r e c o r d s , etc.
O R
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c du ti es r e q u i r i n g significantly g r e a t e r i n d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
bility t h a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y t h e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h i g h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h i c s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e of g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d office
p r o c e d u r e s a n d of t h e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , files,
w o r k f l o w , etc.
U s e s this k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h as, m a i n t a i n i n g f o l l o w u p files; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , letters,
etc.; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e tt er s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r i n g r o u t i n e q u e s t i o n s , etc.
D o e s not include t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

in
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

o r president)

c.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w t h e c o r p o r a t e o f fi ce r level)
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y of a c o m p a n y t h at e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 25, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




or

b.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d o f a n i n d i v i d u a l pl ant, f a c t o r y ,
of official) that e m p l o y s , in all, f e w e r t h a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

S E C R E T A R Y

Class

of t h e b o a r d

on

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n of e x p e r i e n c e a n d j u d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g for, i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d i n g i t e m s to b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y of s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t i n e
keypunch work.
M a y train i n e x p e r i e n c e d k e y p u n c h op erators.

M E S S E N G E R

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to t h e c h a i r m a n
all, f e w e r t h a n 1 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e of f i c e r ( o t h e r t h a n th e c h a i r m a n of t h e b o a r d
of a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , i n all, o v e r 1 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

O P E R A T O R

Positions

Class

Continued

of a m a j o r

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a single- o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d l i n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r office calls. P e r f o r m s full t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d l e s
c o m p l e x calls, s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , co llect, o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r calls, e i t h e r in a d d i t i o n to
do in g routine w o r k as d e s c r i b e d
for s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ,
class B, or as a full-time

27
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R —

Continued

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E

a s s i g n m e n t . ("Full" te l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t i o n s that a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e.g., b e c a u s e
of o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h i c h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e fo r calls.)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a single- o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e l e p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d l i n g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , i n t r a p l a n t o r office calls. M a y h a n d l e r o u t i n e l o n g d i s t a n c e ca ll s a n d r e c o r d tolls.
M a y p e r f o r m limited t e le ph on e i n f o r m a t i o n service. ( " L i m i t e d " te le ph on e i n f o r m a t i o n se rv ic e
o c c u r s if t h e f u n c t i o n s of t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r if t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e.g., g i v i n g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
specific n a m e s
are
furnished,
o r if c o m p l e x
ca ll s a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )
S W I T C H B O A R D

(Electric A c c o u n t i n g M a c h i n e O p e r a t o r ) —

Continued

C l a s s C . U n d e r specific in st ru ct io ns , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta bu la ti ng o r el ec tr ic al a c c o u n t i n g
m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l at or , etc.
Assignments
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s of a w o r k unit, f o r e x a m p l e , i n d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r co l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e filing w o r k .
TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE O P E R A T O R ,

O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

In a d d i t i o n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s of o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t of r e g u l a r
duti es .
T h i s t y p i n g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e t h e m a j o r p a r t of this w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h i l e at
switchboard.
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

O P E R A T O R

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s a n d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n ­
structions. A s s i g n m e n t s typically in v o l v e c o m p l e t e b u t r o ut in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
of l a r g e r a n d m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e difficult t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to t h e s i m p l e r m a c h i n e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to d o s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a i n
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s .

G E N E R A L

P r i m a r y d u t y is to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tr an sc ri bi ng -m ac hi ne records.
M a y also type f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y a n d d o s i m p l e clerical w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g dictation i n vo lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h as
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n scientific r e s e a r c h a r e n o t i n c l u d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s dictation
in s h o r t h a n d
o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .

(Electric A c c o u n t i n g M a c h i n e O p e r a t o r )
TYPIST

O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y of m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l at or , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , etc. E x c l u d e d f r o m this de fi ni ti on a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s of e l e c t r o n i c digital c o m p u t e r s , e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M equipment.
Positions

are

c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s

on

the

basis

of t h e

following

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s of v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o u t bills a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
ti o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n * M a y i n c l u d e t y p i n g of st en ci ls , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
rials f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g little s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , filing
r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r so r t i n g a n d distributing i n c o m i n g ma il .

definitions.

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e po rt in g a n d tabulating a s s i g n m e n t s including devi si ng
difficult c o n t r o l p a n e l w i r i n g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s i g n m e n t s typically i n v o l v e a
v a r i e t y of l o n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g
s o m e p l a n n i n g of t h e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g of o p e r a t i o n s , a n d t h e u s e of a v a r i e t y of m a c h i n e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in t h e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s of l o n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n a n d i n s e r t i o n
of p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

Class A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e of t h e f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in final f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t sp el li ng ,
sy ll a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t i o n , etc., of t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e ­
rial, a n d p l a n n i n g l a y o u t a n d t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d statistical t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e tt er s v a r y i n g d e ta il s to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
Class B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e of t h e f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y typing f r o m
rough
d r af ts ; r o u t i n e t y p i n g of f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , etc.; a n d s e tt in g u p s i m p l e
tabulations, o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x ta bl es a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

o r clear
standard

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R

C O M P U T E R

O P E R A T O R

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s t h e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e of a»digital c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d i n g
to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r .
W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d i e s i n s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e e q u i p m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u i p m e n t w i t h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , etc.); s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u i p m e n t into circuit, a n d s t ar ts
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
special conditions; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e or refe rs p r o b l e m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e st a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
program.
For

wage

study purposes,

computer

operators

are

classified as

follows;

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s inde pe nd en tl y, or u n d e r on l y g e n e r a l direction, a c o m p u t e r r u n n i n g
p r o g r a m s w i t h m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e of c r it ic al i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; t h e
p r o g r a m s a r e of c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th at i d en ti fi ca ti on o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e of t h e total p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y give
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u i d a n c e to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l direction, a c o m p u t e r r u n n i n g
p r o g r a m s w i t h m o s t of th e f o ll ow in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t of t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y r u n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is little o r n o t e st in g
of n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w i t h i n a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r situ at io ns ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e action. T h i s u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l y i n g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e steps, o r u s i n g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n te c h n i q u e s .
O R
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n i n g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s of p r o g r a m s
w i t h th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d for c l a s s A . M a y a s si st a h i g h e r level o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n t l y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s difficult t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g difficult t a s k s f o l l o w i n g
d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w i t h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w of o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .




O P E R A T O R —

Continued

Class C .
W o r k s o n routine p r o g r a m s u n d e r close supervision.
Is e x p e c t e d to d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e of t h e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t u s e d a n d ability to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
ru n n i n g routine p r o g r a m s .
U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y assist h i g h e r level o p e r a t o r o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R

P R O G R A M E R ,

BUSINESS

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s of b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , into
a s e q u e n c e of d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h a r e r e q u i r e d to s o l v e t h e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a t a
processing equipment.
W o r k i n g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d into t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n i p u ­
la ti on of d a t a to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e su lt s. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w l e d g e
o f c o m p u t e r ca pa b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , lo g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
i n v o l v e d to a n a l y z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s of t h e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
Develops sequence
of p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h i c h d a t a w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e to fo l l o w ; te s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in st r u c t i o n s for o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r i n g p r o d u c t i o n run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d alters
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d revisions. ( N O T E ;
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s analysis a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if this is t h e skill u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n of
ot he r electronic d a ta p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with
scientific a n d / o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

wage

study p u rp os es ,

programers

are

classified as

follows:

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n de pe nd en tl y o r u n d e r only g e n e r a l direction o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h i c h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all p h a s e s of p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k i n g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h i c h i d en ti fy t h e n a t u r e of d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s of t h e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o ut in e;
p l a n s t h e full r a n g e of p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to ef fi ci en tl y utilize th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

28
C O M P U T E R

P R O G R A M E R ,

BUSINESS—

Continued

C O M P U T E R

A t th is level, p r o g r a m i n g is difficult b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u i p m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e ve ra l interrelated but di v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d di v e r s e data e l em en ts .
A w i d e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r of in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g ac t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h i s r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t of c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t of
l i n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s to d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u l a t i o n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g of d a t a e l e m e n t s
to f o r m a h i g h l y i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
Ma y

provide

f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e

assigned

to as sist.

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l di rection o n relatively s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r o n s i m p l e s e g m e n t s of c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (or s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l l y
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d listings a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i ni ng , a d a p t i n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s to o r
d e le ti on s f r o m input d a t a w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y available.
Wh il e n u m e r o u s records m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d i n p r i o r a c t i o n s s o t h at t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
of d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
Ty pically, the p r o g r a m de a l s w i th
routine r e c o r d - k e e p i n g type operations.
O R
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n of a h i g h e r
level p r o g r a m e r o r su p e r v i s o r .
M a y assist h i g h e r level p r o g r a m e r b y i n d e p e n d e n t l y p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s difficult t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e difficult t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
direction.
Ma y

guide

or

instruct l o w e r

level p r o g r a m e r s .

C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s of p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in t h e
a p p l i c a t i o n of s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n e w
a s p e c t s of a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k is r e v i e w e d t o , v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w i t h
required procedures.

C O M P U T E R

S Y S T E M S A N AL YS T,

BUSINESS

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g t h e m b y u s e of e l e c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f all s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d digital c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d identi fi es c o n d i t i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , files, a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in su ff ic ie nt de ta il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n of w o r k a n d
d a t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e st p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in trial r u n s of
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s to .o b t a i n m o r e ef f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
operations. ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g bo th s y s t e m s analysis a n d p r o g r a m i n g sh o u l d b e c l as­
si fied a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if this is t h e skill u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)

S Y S T E M S A N AL YS T,

BUSINESS—

Continued

m a i n t a i n i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e i n a retail e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w i t h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s of the
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p l i e d .
O R
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t of a c o m p l e x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d for
class A. W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o n routine a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s instruction a n d gu i d a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y of j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w i t h i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i n e m e n t w i t h t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

of
in
m a
by

C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e su p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y s e s as as s i g n e d , us ua ll y
a s i n g l e activity.
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
t h e a p p l i c a t i o n of p r o c e d u r e s a n d skills r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
y a s s i s t a h i g h e r le ve l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e ta il ed spec if ic at io ns r e q u i r e d
p r o g r a m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r le ve l analyst.

D R A F T S M A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s t h e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v i n g di s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s t h at d i ff er s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w i t h the d e s i g n originator, a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s the
effect of e a c h c h a n g e o n t h e d e t a i l s of f o r m , f u n c t i o n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n t s a n d parts.
W o r k s w i t h a m i n i m u m of s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n or ig in at or for c o n s i s t e n c y w i t h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
May
either p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t their p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r level d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t h at r e q u i r e t h e a p p l i ­
c a t i o n of m o s t of t h e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t i e s typically in­
v o l v e s u c h w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s of s u b a s s e m b l i e s w i t h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u l t i p l e functions, a n d p r e c i s e positional re lationships b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n of a b u i l d i n g i n c l u d i n g de ta il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d roof. U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s i n m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s of m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s initial i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v i c e f r o m
supervisor.
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d r a w i n g s of s i n g l e u n i t s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
manufacturing, or repair purposes.
T y p e s of d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d i n c l u d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c al e) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g of
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n . C o n s o l i d a t e s de t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r of s o u r c e s
a n d adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s scale as required.
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s of a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w i t h initial a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a r e less c o m p l e t e w h e n a s s i g n m e n t s recur.
W o r k m a y be spot-checked during progress.
D R A F T S M A N - T R A C E R
C o p i e s pl a n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y pl a c i n g tr ac in g cloth o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w i t h p e n o r pe n c i l .
( D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g of s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i ne at io n. )
A N D / O R

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n of
other electronic da ta p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , or s y s t e m s analysts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d wi th
scientific o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

wage

study p u rp os es ,

systems

analysts

are

classified as

E L E C T R O N I C

follows:

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n de pe nd en tl y or u n d e r only g e n e r a l direction o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
i n v o l v i n g all p h a s e s of s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
of i n p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u t p u t data. ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m of e a c h t y p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h t h e full s y s t e m of r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e initiated b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w i t h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n
t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s of n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
Makes recom­
m e n d a t i o n s , if n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l of m a j o r
s y s t e m s i n st al la ti on s o r c h a n g e s a n d fo r
obtaining e q u i p m e n t .
Ma y
assist.

provide

functional

direction

to l o w e r

level

systems

analysts

who

are

assigned

to

Class B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th at a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p l a n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e of l i m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s of in pu t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp ut d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
related.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,




Pr ep ar es simple
during progress.

or

repetitive

drawings

of e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d

items.

Work

is c l o s e l y

supervised

TECHNICIAN

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s of e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
of t h e f o l l o w i n g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d i f y i n g , installing, r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u l i n g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e of m o s t o r all of t h e f o l l o w i n g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e st in g, a d j u s t i n g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , tu n i n g , a n d alining.
W o r k is n o n r e p e t i t i v e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f t h e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e of e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n i n g to t h e u s e of g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e st e q u i p m e n t ; t r o u b l e a n a l y s i s ; a n d
t h e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a l i n e m e n t of e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v i n g
a v a r i e t y of c o m p o n e n t parts.
E l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d o n typi ca ll y i n c l u d e o n e o r m o r e of th e following:
G r o u n d , v e h i c l e , o r a i r b o r n e r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t i o n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v i g a t i o n ai ds ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; ra di o a n d television tr an sm it ti ng or r e c o r d i n g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
tronic c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u i d a n c e a n d control s y s t e m s ; industrial a n d m e d i c a l
measuring,
i n di ca ti ng , a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; etc.
( E x c l u d e p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s a n d testers, c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , en gi n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n of s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u i p m e n t a s of fice m a c h i n e s ,
ra di o a n d television
r e c e i v i n g sets.)

29
NURSE,

NURSE,

I N D U S T R I A L (Registered)

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to ill o r
i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e ill o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n t h e p r e m i s e s of a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n of t h e f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g first ai d
to t h e ill o r i n j u r e d ; a t t e n d i n g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g of e m p l o y e e s ' in ju ri es ; k e e p i n g r e c o r d s

I N D U S T R I A L (Registered)—

Continued

of p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a l t h e v a l u a t i o n s of ap p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p l a n n i n g a n d c a r r y ­
i n g o u t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n of p l a n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r activi ti es af f e c t i n g t h e h e a l t h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y of all p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R ,

MACHINIST,

M A I N T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u i l d i n g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , fl oo rs , stai rs ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g
a n d la yi ng ou t of w o r k f r o m bl ue pr in ts , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l instru ct io ns u s i n g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r ' s h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r to ol s, a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g
s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s of w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r t h e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k of t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s ua ll y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r eq ui va le nt training a n d ex pe r i e n c e .
ELECTRICIAN,

M A I N T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y of e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s t h e installation, m a i n t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , di s t r i b u t i o n , o r util iz at io n of e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
establishment.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g : In st al li ng o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
of e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s ,
s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , ci r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g un it s, c o n d u i t s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in
the electrical s y s t e m o r e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s relating to l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
of w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y of e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g
a n d testing i n s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k of t h e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
training a n d e x p e r i e n c e us u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r eq ui va le nt training
a n d experience.
ENGINEER,

O p e r a t e s a n d m a i n t a i n s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e t h e o p e r a t i o n of s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s a n d
e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l ec tr ic al ) to s u p p l y t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h p o w e r ,
heat, refr ig er at io n, o r a i r - co nd it io ni ng .
W o r k involves;
Operating and maintaining e q ui pm en t
s u c h as s t e a m e n g i n e s , air c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u rb in es , ventilating a n d r e f r i g ­
erating e q u i p m e n t ,
s t e a m boilers a n d boiler-fed w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t repairs; a n d
k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n of m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fuel c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e th es e operations.
H e a d o r ch ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n o n e
engineer are excluded.
FI REMAN,

ST A T I O N A R Y

BO IL ER

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s t o f i re b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r oil b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , oil, o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .
H E L P E R ,

M A I N T E N A N C E

T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in t h e sk i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r skill, s u c h a s k e e p i n g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w i t h m a t e r i a l s a n d tools;
cleaning w o r k i n g ar ea , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u i p m e n t ; assisting j o u r n e y m a n b y ho lding m a t e r i a l s o r
tools; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k i n d of w o r k t h e
h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r is c o n ­
f i n e d to s u p p l y i n g , lifting, a n d h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s of a t r a d e t h a t a r e
also p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s o n a full-time basis.
M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

T O O L R O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in t h e o p e r a t i o n of o n e o r m o r e t y p e s of m a c h i n e tools, s u c h a s jig b o r e r s ,
cylindrical or s u rf ac e gr in de rs ,
e n g i n e l a th es ,
o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n of
m a c h i n e - s h o p tools, g a g e s , jigs, f i x t u r e s , o r dies. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g difficult m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h i g h d e g r e e of a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , to oling, a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n
to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s .
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n to o l s n e e d
d r e s s i n g , to d r e s s to ols, a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d cu t t i n g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g oils.
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o ol a n d di e j o b b i n g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m this clas si fi ca ti on .




M E CH AN IC ,

A U T O M O T I V E

(Maintenance)

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t of th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e of t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h at i n v o l v e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , drills, o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fitting p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in st al li ng t h e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a l i n i n g w h e e l s , a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d lights, o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y bolts. In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k of t h e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d training a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s ua ll y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r eq uivalent
training a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
ME CH AN IC ,

S T A T I O N A R Y

M A I N T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s of m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t of w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y of m a c h i n i s t ' s
h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e tt in g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e tools;
s h a p i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , tool in g, f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s of m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e of t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of
the c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le ct in g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , pa rt s, a n d e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d fo r hi s w o r k ;
a n d fitting a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s into m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r equivalent training a n d experi en ce .

M A I N T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k involves m o s t
of t h e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e of t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h at m a i n l y i n v o l v e t h e u s e
of h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d fitting p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w i t h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d i n g of t h e
m a c h i n e to a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r t h e p r o d u c t i o n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k i n g
all n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k of a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d training a n d e x p e r i e n c e us ua ll y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p or equivalent
training a n d e x p e ri en ce .
E x c l u d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
i n v o l v e s e tt in g u p o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .
M I L L W R I G H T
Inst al ls n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n stalls m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y
e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e pl an t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of th e f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t of t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y
of h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h of
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s of g r a v i t y ; a l i n i n g a n d b a l a n c i n g of e q u i p m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d tools,
e q u i p m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in st al li ng a n d m a i n t a i n i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u i p m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
equivalent training a n d ex pe ri en ce .
PAINTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s
t h e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a i n t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
ti ons; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a i n t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t t y o r filler in nail
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p l y i n g p a i n t w i t h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , oils, w h i t e
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a i n t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f th e
m a i n t e n a n c e pa in te r re q u i r e s r o u n d e d training a n d e x p e r i e n c e us ua ll y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
ap p r e n t i c e s h i p o r equivalent training a n d e x pe ri en ce .
PIPEFITTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E

In stalls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i pe fi tt in gs in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e
p o s i t i o n of p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu t t i n g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e to
c o r r e c t lengths w i t h chisel a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r pi pe-cutting m a c h i n e ; th re ad in g
p i p e w i t h s t o c k s a n d dies; b e n d i n g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g

30
PIPEFITTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E —

T O O L

Continued

p i p e w i t h c o u p l i n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p i p e to h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to
p r e s s u r e s , fl o w , a n d s i z e of p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r fi n ­
i s h e d p i p e s m e e t specifications.
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k of t h e m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e fi tt er r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d training a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r eq ui va le nt
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n st al li ng a n d r e p a i r i n g b u i l d i n g s a n i t a t i o n
or

heating

systems

S H E E T - M E T A L

are

excluded.

W O R K E R ,

M A I N T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , installs, a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u i p m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h as m a c h i n e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , shel ve s, l o ck er s, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m e t a l
r o o f i n g ) of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g ; P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t all
t y p e s of s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; sett in g
u p a n d o p e r a t i n g all a v a i l a b l e t y p e s of s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y of h a n d t o o l s
in c u tting, b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , fitting, a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t al li ng s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as required.
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k of t h e m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r
requires ro un de d
training a n d e x p e r i e n c e us u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r eq ui va le nt training
and

DIE M A K E R

maker;

jig m a k e r ;

tool m a k e r ;

fixture

maker;

gage

maker)

C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p tools, g a g e s , jigs, f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
punching, a n d other m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of t h e f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g a n d
l a y i n g o u t of w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s i n g a v a r i e t y of t o ol a n d d i e m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d i n g of t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d al l o y s ; s e tt in g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g of
m a c h i n e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s
of w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l i n g of m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s of f i n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d qu al it ie s; w o r k i n g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fitting a n d a s s e m b l i n g of p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , tools, a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
trai ni ng in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r equivalent training a n d ex pe ri en ce .

shops

experience.

A N D

(Die

F o r cr os s- in du st ry w a g e study p u rp os es ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m this c l as si fi ca ti on .

tool a n d

di e

makers

in t o o l a n d

die j o b b i n g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
G U A R D

A N D

SHIPPING

W A T C H M A N

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u ti es , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r
order, using a r m s or force w h e r e ne cessary.
Includes g a t e m e n w h o
a n d c h e c k o n iden ti ty of e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
Watchman.
theft,
JANITOR,

and

Makes

of p r e m i s e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

property

against

fire,

illegal e n t r y .

PO RT ER ,

(Sweeper;

rounds

o n to u r , m a i n t a i n i n g
a r e s t a t i o n e d at g a t e

O R

C L E A N E R

charwoman;

A N D

For

M A T E R I A L

wage

study pu rp os es ,

Re c e i v i n g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping a n d receiving

workers

are

classified a s

fo ll o w s :

clerk

T R U C K D R I V E R

H A N D L I N G

( L o a d e r a n d unloader; h a n d l e r a n d stacker; shelver; trucker; s t o c k m a n or stock helper;
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e helper)

ware­

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e of t h e f o l l o w i n g : L o a d i n g a n d u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m fr e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k i n g , s h e l v i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo ca ti on ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d t r u c k , car, o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o load a n d u n l o a d ships are
excluded.
O R D E R

C L E R K

janitress)

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s of a n office, a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Du t i e s involve
a c o m b i n a t i o n of t h e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l i s h i n g floo rs ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t i n g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r fi xt ur es ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
or t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g su p p l i e s a n d m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n i n g lavatories, s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w i n d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
L A B O R E R ,

RECEIVING

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i n c o m i n g s h i p ­
m e n t s of m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k involves: A
k n o w l e d g e of s h i p p i n g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d rate; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s of t h e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k i n g u p bills of ladi ng , p o s t i n g w e i g h t a n d s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p i n g a file of s h i p p i n g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e for s h i p ­
ment.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t bills of la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g for s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a i n t a i n i n g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s a n d files.

D r i v e s a t r u c k w i t h i n a city o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u i p m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h as:
M a n u f a c t u r i n g plan ts , fr e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d retail e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n retail e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s of b u s i n e s s .
M a y also load or u n l o a d t r u c k wi t h or without helpers,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
Dr iv er -s al es me n and
ov er -t he -r oa d drivers ar e e x c l u d e d .

as

For wage
study purp os es , tr uckdrivers
follows:
(Tractor-trailer should be rated on

a r e classified b y size a n d type
t h e b a s i s of tr a i l e r c a p a ci ty .)

of e q u i p m e n t ,

FI LL ER

(Order

picker;

stock

selector;

warehouse

stockman)

Fi ll s s h i p p i n g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w i t h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s slips, c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y , inaddition
to filling o r d e r s a n d i n d i c a t i n g i t e m s filled o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s of o u t g o i n g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
sition a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d duties.

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b i n a t i o n of s i z e s li st ed s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , light ( u n d e r 1 V 2 tons)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( I V 2 to a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 t o ns )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , tr a i l e r ty pe )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r ty pe )

T R U C K E R ,
PA CK ER ,

P O W E R

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s for s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h i p p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t u p o n t h e ty p e , size, a n d n u m b e r of
un it s to b e p a c k e d , t h e t y p e of c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d of s h i p m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the
p l a c i n g of i t e m s in s h i p p i n g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y , i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e of t h e f o l l o w i n g ; K n o w l ­
e d g e of v a r i o u s i t e m s of s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o nt en t; s e l e c t i o n of a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i ze
of c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p l y i n g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d en ti fy in g
data o n container. P a c k e r s w h o also m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s or crates ar e excluded.




Operates a
transport goods and
establishment.

m a n u a l l y controlled
gasolinem a t e r i a l s of all k i n d s a b o u t a

For wage

study purposes,

Trucker,
Trucker,

power
power

or elec tr ic -p ow er ed
truck or
t r a c t o r to
w a r - e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant, o r o t h e r

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e of t r u c k ,

(forklift)
( o t h e r t h a n forklift)

a s fo ll o w s :

A v a ila b le O n RequestT he fo llo w in g a r e a s a re s u r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly f o r u s e in a d m in is te r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le at no c o s t w h ile s u p p lie s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f ic e s show n on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A b ile n e , T e x .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia , L a.
A lp e n a , S ta n dish , and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
A m a r illo , T e x .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u g u sta , G a.—S .C .
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a.
B illin g s , M ont.
B ilo x i, G u lfp o r t, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S ta m fo rd , C onn.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h ey en n e, W yo.
C la r k s v ille , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.—A la .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D oth an, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.— is .
S
W
D u rh a m , N .C .
E l P a so , T ex.
E ugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D ak.—M inn.
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u r g —L e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A rk .— kla.
O
F r e d e r ic k - H a g e r s t o w n , M d .- P a .- W . Va.
G r e a t F a lls , M ont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in ston S a le m — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
H a r tfo r d , Conn.
H u n ts v ille , A la .

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e le a s e s a re

K n o x v ille , T en n.
L a red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L e x in g to n , K y.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o re , M d .-V a .
L y n ch b u rg , Va.
M a co n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a rq u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich,
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille , T en n.
N ew L on don — r o to n — o r w ic h , Conn.
G
N
N o r th e a s te r n M aine
O g d en , Utah
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d -V e n t u r a , C a lif.
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A rk .
P o r ts m o u th , N.H .—M a in e— a s s .
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
R e n o , N ev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s.
S a lin a s— o n te r e y , C a lif.
M
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t, La.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .—C onn.
C
H
S tock ton , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash .
T o p e k a , K a n s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
V a ld o s ta , Ga.
V a lle jo — apa, C a lif.
N
W ic h ita F a lls , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D e l . — N.T
. d.

T h e e lev en th annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as ? LS B u lle t in 1693, N a tio n a l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 .0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r a n y o f i t s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .







A re a W age

S u rv e y s

A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at th e
r e q u e s t o f t h e W a g e a n d H o u r D i v i s i o n o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________________
A l b a n ^ S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1971 1
_________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 0 * _
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ______________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 70 1_______________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1971 1____
P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1971 1 ___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1 9 7 0 1 ____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 1 ________________________________
----------------------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 19 70 1
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 197 1 1----------------------------------------------C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 7 1 _____________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 197 1---------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1 -----------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 0 _____________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . —I n d . , F e b . 197 1 1
___________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1970 1---------------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 19 70 1_______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 0 1 ----------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t r - R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111.,
F e b . 197 1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1970 1
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 19 70 ----------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 __________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 70 1 _____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 1---------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ________________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1971 1 -------------------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1970 1
_____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 197 1 1
------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 19 70 1
____________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1 -----------------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 70 1-----------L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 1-------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1971 1______________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ___________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 197 1---------------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 1 ____________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1970 1
____________________________________
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 197 1-------------------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 70 1______________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 __________________

 Data on establishment practices


B ulletin nu m b er
and p r i c e
1 6 60-8 8,
1 6 85-5 4,
1 6 85-5 8,
1660-83,
1 6 85-6 9,
1 6 8 5 - 1 8,
1685-6 8,
16 85-6 ,
1685-63,
1685-21,
1 6 8 5 - 1 1,
1 6 85-4 3,
1 6 85-5 9,
1685-71,
1 6 85-5 7,
1685-4 8,
1 6 85-1 0,
1660-90,
1685-53,
1 6 85-2 8,
1685-3 3, .
1685-2 2,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1685-5 1,
1 6 85-4 5,
1 6 85-4 1,
1685-7 0,
1660-5 8,
1685-2 5,
16 85-4 ,
1660-7 9,
1685-67,
1685-31,
1685-3 9,
1 6 85-3 7,
1 6 8 5 - 16,
1 6 60-8 2,
16 85-1 ,

30 c e n t s
40 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 cen ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1685-66,
1685-2 7,
1685-6 0,
16 85-2,
1685-3 0,
1685-29,
1685-4 0,
1660-7 4,
1 6 85-4 4,

50
30
30
35
30
40
30
50
40

and supplementary wa g e provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Area

Bulletin n u m b er
an d p r i c e

M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 1 9 7 0 1_____ 1 6 6 0 - 8 5 ,
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ________________ 1 6 8 5 - 4 7 ,
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 197 1_______________________________
1685-3 5,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1971 1_____________________________
1 6 85-3 6,
1660-8 9,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1_______________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 197 1 1 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 6 ,
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
16 85-5 ,
1 6 8 5 - 14,
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1970 1 _________________________
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 19 70 1___________ 1 6 6 0 - 8 7 ,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ________________________
1685-3 4,
1660-70,
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 70 1________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 * ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 9 ,
1 6 8 5 - 19,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1970 1______________________
1660-77,
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . - M a s s . ,
1660-72,
M a y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 1__________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 12,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 __________________________________
1685-62,
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f fic e o c cu p a tio n s only),
A u g . 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------16 85-7 ,
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 __________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 5 ,
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1971 1___________________________
1685-6 5,
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 70 1 _________________________
1685-26,
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 _______________________________
1660-71,
S an B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
O
D e c . 1 9 7 0 * -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 2 ,
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 0 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 0 _______________ 1 6 8 5 - 2 3 ,
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 13,
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ____________________________________
1685-7 2,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 70 1___________________________________
16 85-3 ,
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 197 1 1______________________
1685-52,
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , D e c . 19 70 1
__________________________
1685- 38,
S o u t h B e n d , I n d ., M a r . 197 1------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 1 ,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 70 1 _______________________________
1660-86,
16 85-8 ,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________________
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 __________________ 1 6 8 5 - 17,
1685-74,
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , A p r . 1971 1__________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1 _________________________________
1 6 8 5 - 15,
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
16 85-9 ,
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , A p r . 197 1---------------------------1685-5 6,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 197 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 5 ,
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 19 70 1
________________________________
1685- 32,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 __________________________________
1685-6 4,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ______________________________
1685-73,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 1 -------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 0 ,
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ____________________ 1 6 8 5 - 2 4 ,

35 c e n t s
40 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
40 ce n ts
75 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30
35
50
35
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

40
30
40
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
40
35
30
40
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PE N A LTY FOR P R IV A TE USE, $300




POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
,-------------------------- ---------------------------------------------I

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102