View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

i X , ' 70
1
) L f 5-^
>




Dayton & Montgomery Co.
Public Library
SEP 161971
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e D e s M o in es, Iowa, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
M a y 1971

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 7 0
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




Region 1
1
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N .Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region 1 1
1
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2461 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e D e s M o in es, Iow a, M e tro p o lita n A rea,
M a y 1971

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 7 0
August 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 30 cents




r>

Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , and f o r th e
U n ite d S t a te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u ll e t in s f o r a ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u ll e t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta to r e la t e to g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g io n s and th e U n ite d S t a te s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gra m .
In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u ll e t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in D e s
M o in e s , Io w a , in M a y 1 9 7 1 .
T h e S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n
S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 968, c o n s i s t s o f P o l k C o u n ty .
T h is s tu d y
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in K a n s a s
C it y , M o . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n ,
A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




I n t r o d u c t i o n _______________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ______________________________

1
4

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s tu d ie d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s -------------------------------------O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and w o m e n ___________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and
w o m e n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ------------------------------------------------------A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------------------------------A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -------------------

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------

NOTE:
S im ila r t a b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le
areas.
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

fo r o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e D e s M o in e s a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t io n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; and
lo c a l tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

3

5

6
8
9
10
11
13




Introductio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e f it s on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a ll t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly
f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n o t s h o w n
o r in f o r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in fo r m a t io n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a il f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e la s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t io n s r e p o r t e d in th a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s an d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t in g u n u su a l c h a n g e s
s in c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s an d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
the b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e c te d w age ch a n g e s.
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s an d
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s an d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th ou g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le 2 , a r e b e t t e r
in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a nd a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a nd a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) c u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e j o b t i t le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s a nd e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g a n d , th u s, c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c tu a l
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a nd d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu ­
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

2
e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s an d a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a nd n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .




E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u la t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u lle t in .
I n fo r m a t io n f o r t h e s e t a b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e s e t a b u la t io n s o n m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r ie n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ;
p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s io n
p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u lle t in s f o r
th is a r e a .

T a b le

1.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s

and

w o rk e rs

w it h in

scope

of s u rv e y

and

num ber

s t u d ie d

in D e s M o in e s , Io w a ,'

b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 1
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S t u d ie d

2 91

no

5 8 , 3 16

100

3 8 , 126

"

87
204

39
71

2 2 , 176
3 6 , 140

38
62

16, 9 9 9
2 1 , 127

50
50
50
50
50

27
38
66
49
24

15
12
14
17
13

6,
5,
10,
11,
2,

11
9
18
20
4

5, 4 5 3
2, 9 1 0
4 , 9 67
6, 030
1 ,7 6 7

A l l d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------- -----------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 --------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 -------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ----------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6-----------S e r v i c e s 6 7 --------------------------------------------------------------

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

50

S t u d ie d
N um ber

P ercen t

593
238
4 01
347
561

1 T h e D e s M o i n e s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f P o l k C o u n t y .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r
f o r c e in c l u d e d i n t h e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e
a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 196 7 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w it h in t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
in d u s t r ie s a s tr a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w i t h in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
s A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o
m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a r k in g ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




T w o - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in th e D e s M o i n e s a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s and
s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

M a ch in e ry , e x c e p t
e l e c t r i c a l ------------------------------------- 2 4
P r i n t in g a n d p u b l is h i n g --------------- 18
R u b b e r and p la s t ic s
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------- 17
F o o d and k in d r e d
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 12
F a b rica te d m e ta l
p r o d u c t s __________________________
8

F a r m m a c h i n e r y __________________ 22
T i r e s a n d in n e r t u b e s ------------------ 17
P e r i o d i c a l s ________________________ 11
F a b r ic a te d str u c tu r a l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s ___________________________ 5
N e w s p a p e r s ------------------------------------5

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in dex.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a t e o f
the i n d e x .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w age
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual rates of in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n th e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t i o n th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u rv e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu siv e of earn in gs fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a re b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im ita tio n s

o f D a ta

M ethod of C om puting
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e ,
as m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e t o c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a ve ra g e w ages m a y have d e clin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e sta b lish m en ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w as a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ): O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )— S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) :
C a rp en ters
C o n t in u e d
B ook k e e p in g - m a c h in e
E le c t r ic ia n s
S e c r e t a r ie s
o p e r a to r s, c la s s B
M a ch in ists
S te n o g ra p h e r s, g e n e r a l
C le ik s , a c c o u n t i n g , cla s ses
M e c h a n ic s
S t e n o g ra p h e r s, s e n io r
A and B
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o t iv e )
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s , cla s ses
C le ik s , f i l e , cla s ses
P ain ters
A and B
A , B, and C
P ip e fitte r s
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a to r s ,
C le rk s , o rd e r
T o o l a n d d ie m a k ers
cla s s B
C le rk s , p a y r o ll
C o m p t o m e t e r op e ra to rs
K e y p u n c h o p e r a to r s , cla s se s
A and B
O f f i c e b oy s a n d girls

The
p l i e d b y th e
in the g r o u p
w e re related
g a t e f o r th e




T y p is ts, c la s se s A a n d B
In du stria l nurses ( m e n a n d w o m e n ):
N u rses, in d u stria l (r e g is t e r e d )

U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) :
J an itors, p o r te rs, a n d c le a n e r s
L a b orers, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
The p e r ce n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o vertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

avera ge (m ean) ea rn in gs fo r e a ch o ccu p a tio n w e re m u lti­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e totaled.
The aggregates fo r 2 co n se cu tiv e ye a rs
b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
ea rlier year.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,

4




T a b le 2 .
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r
D e s M o in e s , Io w a , M a y 1 9 7 0 a n d M a y 1 9 7 1 , a n d p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

s e le c te d

P e r io d

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

g ro u p s

in

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A ll in d u s t r ie s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en)

o c c u p a t io n a l

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

121. 7
130. 0

118. 5
129. 0

1 1 8 .0
131. 2

127. 7
166. 0

120. 2
155. 1

123. 5
162. 1

3 .9

4.
3.
2.
4.
3.
3.
5.
5.

In d e x e s (F e b r u a r y 1967=100)
M a y 1 9 7 0 -----------------------------------------------------------------------M a y 1 9 7 1 ________________________________________________

118. 8
124. 9

1 2 1 .4
128. 6

1 1 8 .9
130. 2

113. 7
125. 5

1 1 7 .4
1 2 4 .4

In d e x e s (F e b r u a r y 1961=100)
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 _________________________________________
M a y 1 9 7 1 --------------- --------------------------------------- -------------- -

125. 5
1 5 6 .7

128. 6
165. 4

121. 3
157. 9

124. 4
156. 2

124. 3
154. 6

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e
F e b r u a r y I 9 6 0 to F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 1 __________________
F e b r u a r y 1961 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 2 --------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 96 2 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 - —--------- ------------F e b r u a r y 1963 to F e b r u a r y 196 4 ........................
F e b r u a r y 1 96 4 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 5 --------------------------F e b r u a r y 1965 to F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 6 ------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 966 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 ------ ----------------F e b r u a r y 1 967 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 8 ---------------- _
F e b r u a r y 1 96 8 t o M a r c h 1 96 9:
1 3 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e --------- ------------ ----------- - -A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e -------— __ — ----------------

1. 1
4. 7
3. 0
3. 2
2. 6
4. 0
5. 6
6 .0

4.
4.
3.
4.
3.
2.
7.
6.

5
3
6
0
8
3
7
7

4. 0
2. 6
2 .9
3. 2
3. 0
4. 1
3. 8
6. 1

5.
2.
3.
3.
4.
3.
5.
3.

6
5
2
3
0
7
5
8

1 .9
3 .6
3. 7
2. 1
3. 5
4. 5
4. 7
3. 1

(
(
3.
2.
8.
6.

>
)
8
8
1
7

4. 4
2. 2
2 .9
2 .6
2. 7
4. 1
4. 1
6 .4

4. 7
4. 3

5. 5
5. 1

5. 6
5. 2

6. 0
5. 5

6. 7
6. 2

5. 9
5. 4

6 .0
5. 5

6. 6
6. 1

M a r c h 1 96 9 t o M a y 1 9 7 0 :
1 4 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e ------------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ---------------------------------------

7. 1
6. 1

7. 8
6 .6

6. 1
5. 2

3 .4
2. 9

6. 8
5. 8

7. 7
6 .6

5. 1
4 .4

5. 2
4. 4

M a y 1 97 0 t o M a y 1 9 7 1 ------ -----------------------------------------

5. 1

5. 9

9 .5

10. 4

6. 0

6. 8

8 .9

11. 2

1

D a ta d o n ot m e e t p u b lic a t io n

(* )

c r ite r ia .

NOTE:
M o s t p r e v i o u s l y p u b l is h e d i n d e x e s f o r th e D e s M o i n e s a r e a u s e d F e b r u a r y 1961 a s th e
b a s e p e r io d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d t o t h e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v id in g t h e m b y t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g in d e x
n u m b e r s f o r F e b r u a r y 1 96 7 o n th e F e b r u a r y 1961 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in t h e t a b l e .
(T h e r e s u l t s h o u ld
b e m u lt i p l ie d b y 1 0 0 . )

8
1
7
4
1
0
1
2

6

A.

O ccupational earnings

T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division,
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y di vision

Number
of
workers

$

Average

55
Median ^

Iowa, M a y

1971)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
$

Mean ^

De s Moines,

Middle ranged

(standard)

$

%

*

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

t

1

t

%

$

t

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

12 0

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

and

and

under
60

MEN
24
62

40.0
40.0

40

134.00
136.50
133.50

20
134.00
129.50

152.00

155.00

40.0
40.0

85.50
83.00

76.00
7-'.00

39.0

134.00

128.50

40.0
40.0

119.00
113.00

117.50
107.50

64

TABULATING-MACHINE

40.0

33
25

38
16

---------------------------------

16

1

13

1

6
6

15

BOYS

6

12

157.50
149.50

0

3T
OFFICE

117.00105.00-

39.5
39.5

85.50
03. SO

80.50
79.50

145.50-159.00
72.50-

96.00

18
-

1
1

-

15

5

1

2

1

3

-

1

1

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

“

-

—

OPERATORS*
1

“

WOMEN
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
C LAS j A

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

OPERATORS,
106.00-138.00
99.00-129.00

A n n

73.50102.00
3
73.50- 95.00

103.50-119.50

98.00-116.00
83.50-102.50

' 0 0

129 00
113.00

58
496

40.0
39.5

95 00
105.50
94.00

92 00
110.00
90. j Q

28

--------------------------

38.5
30.0

97.50
96.00

89.50
0 9 . .#0

/
14r
145
ORDER

------------------------------

54
41

57
23

39 0
39.0

it

n

40.0
40.0

' 0 0
39.0

41

39.5
40.0

60
17

S e e fo ot no te s at e n d of tables.




77 00
77.00

78 50
78.50

70 50
7 0 . 5 0J

70 50
.0 . 5 0
70

67.50-

95.00
94.00

97.50
90.00

85.50-107.50
85.00-106.50

120.00

110.50-130.00

115.00

118.00

107.00-126.50

107.00
124.00

102.50
122.50

38. >

?23

40*0

73.00-

83.00

115.00

-

8

2

6

4
16

2
35

78

14

-

-

''O
28

00
79

60
60

30
30

3

2

-

3

*

l7"
125

5
03

6
31

5
1

11

2

18

3
t "
I

“
1*
1-4

9
35

8

3

2

1

3

27

S

12

1

2

-

-

-

6^

14
58

6

1

1

-

6

7

*

-

-

-

13
13

8

-

r-i

3
3

2
*

5

63
63

I*'3
123

4

6
6

2
2

3

2

6

52

16

12
11

1

1

3
2

8

1

6

3

17

2

22
3
1J

2

2

1

-

19

28

15

8

17

23

*

5
2

5

1

1
*

15

2

2
1

5
5

r

94.50-112.50
108.00-147.00
104.50-167.50

9j

i
.

3

8
3

24

73.00

80.00

133*^0

3

12
lr2

81.00-104.50

118.50

470

14

3

107.00-124.00

1^3*30
116.00

90
IT3

CLERKS,

5

OPERATORS,

ii-7 n n

MANUFACTURING

5

25
30
*5

12

11
2
3

6

8

-

-

7
T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n -----C o n tin u ed

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division,
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

$
55

-

May

1971)

$
60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$

$

*

$

85

90

95

100

$

$

105

110

115

and
under
60

WOMEN

Iowa,

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

(

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divisi

D e s Moines,

120

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

53
11
42

64
28
36

110

115

120

130

140

150

-

-

140

150

160

160

-

375
84
291

39.0
40.0
39.0

94.50
99.50
93.00

92.50
99.00
89.50

O F F I C E G I R L S ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

146
135

39.5
39.5

76.50
76.00

75.00
75.00

68.5068.00-

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

790
271
519
28

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

117.00
124.00
113.50
138.00

113.50
119.00
110.50
132.00

99.50105.0097.50120.50-

132.00
141.00
127.50
159.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

53
24
29

39.0
40.0
39.0

147.00
150.00
144.50

148.00
148.50
147.50

128.00136.00122.50-

165.50
166.00
162.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

197
28
169

39.0
40.0
39.0

126.50
145.50
123.00

126.00
141.00
123.00

112.00133.00110.50-

138.00
156.00
135.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

285
109
176

39.5
40.0
39.0

114.00
126.50
106.50

1 1 0 .0 0
97.001 2 2 .0 0 1 1 1 . 5 0 -

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

255

39.5
40.0
39.0

107.00
109.50
104.50

104.50
106.50

145

1 0 0 .0 0

95.00-

39
14
25

116.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

194

39.0
40.0
39.0

96.00
115.00
90.50

91.50
113.50
86.50

82.00100.5081.00-

105.50
129.50
98.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

163
37
126
24

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

122.00

151.00

118.50
123.50
117.00
162.50

102.50137.00
115.50137.50
99.00- 138.00
137.00-177.00

20

39.0

108.50

104.50

97.00-

42.0
42.0

87.50
87.50

86.00
86.00

80.0080.00-

95.50
107.50
91.00

91.00
106.00
87.50

16

86.50100.00
95.50106.00
85.50- 98.00

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A ----

110

S W I T C H B 0 A R 0 O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

125.00

1 2 1 .0 0

103.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

209
196

38.5
38.0

97.00
95.00

93.00
92.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- -----

40.0
40.0
40.0

93.50
125.50
90.00

89.00
122.50

302

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------

486
29
457
18

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

80.00
87.00
79.50
99.50

79.50

S e e fo ot no te s at e n d of tables.




88.00

86.00
79.50

88.00

93.5096.50-

100. 00-

84.00
84.00

1

15
14
14

23

22

20
17

12

34

53
15
38

1
1

8
8

17
5

1

1
1

68

82
13
69

78
27
51

27
41

63

22
41

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

18

32

47

2

10

18

30

37

20

8

26
14

17
9

16

12

2

9

6

18

2

9

6

16

24

24

32
3
29

24

30
24

36
17

27
14
13

2

1

23

116.00

1 2 0 .0 0

27

12
15

114.00

10
10

91.00
91.50

21

21

21

3
18

35
4

5
16

3
18

47
47

104.00
102.50

75.00- 84.00
82.00- 90.50
74.50- 83.50
83.00106.00

3

7

5
16

21
21

21

1

24

79

1

24

79

127

138

127

129
5

22

22

93

26

1

3

7

21

37

20

1

22

1

21

11

2

3

-

128.50
143.00
117.00

8 3 . 5 0 - 100.00
104.00-151.00
83.00- 97.00

54
34

90
32
58

2

2

-

81.00104.00
89.00115.00
74.50- 98.00

83.0082.50-

27
25

20
14

170
-

170

CONTINUED

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

SWITCHBOARD

130
-

-

180
-

180

190
and

190

over

8
T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division,
Weekly
(stan tiard)
Number

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in du st r y di v is i o n

of

*
Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

80
M ean 2

M edian 2

D e s Moines,

Io w a ,

May

19 71 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

Middle range2

*
90

*

100

i

$

110

120

$

130

$

140

*

150

$

160

$

170

$

180

$

190

$

200

$

210

$

220

$

230

$

240

$

250

t

260

$

270

280

and
under
90

an(j
100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

over

MEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS A
----------

41
27

39.0
38.5

hl.,0
158.00

147.50
151.50

$
$
132.50-167.50
139.00-175.00

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS B
----------

63
49

39.0
39.0

139.50
130.00

135.00
131.00

119.50-150.00
118.00-138.00

3
3

-

14

“

14

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS C
----------

48
44

39.5
39.5

105.50
104.50

103.50
103.00

95.00-115.00
95.00-113.00

15
15

5
5

4

4

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

66
60

39.5
39.5

195.00
189.00

184.00
179.50

161.00-231.00
159.50-226.00

_

_

_

~

"

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

90
80

38.5
38.5

174.00
172.00

173.00
170.50

158.00-191.00
157.50-186.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

36
29

38.5
38.0

145.50
147.00

151.50
152.50

34

40.0

261.00

252.50

5
2

9
6

6
5

7
7

8

4
3

1

7

19
18

6

2
1

1

4
4

9
8

_
_

_
~

_

_
“

1
1

4
4

3
3

3
-

_

“

-

_
~

4
4

12
12

9
9

6
6

3
3

5
5

"

2

3
3

19
17

15
15

15
15

ii
10

10

4

6

8

2

3

i
i

6
6

2
1

13

2

4

-

3

i

4
4

_

176.50-215.00
175.50-209.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

52
52

40.0
40.0

152.00
152.00

149.00
149.00

128.50-175.00
128.50-175.00

_

-

1
1

15
15

5
5

6
6

-

1

.

1 1 1 .0 0

4
4

17
17

2
1

12
3

1
1

5
4

4
4

9
7

17
15

2
1

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

~

"

“

~

3
3

6
6

7
7

1
1

5

_

ii
10
4
4

14
12

17
17

4
3

9
9

3
3

10
10

6
6

1
1

i
1

3
2

WOMEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

C L A S S B ------------------------------

42
30

38.5
38.0

116.50
112.50

107.00

104.00-127.50
102.50-127.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

C L A S S C ------------------------------

42
36

39.5
39.5

106.00
104.00

109.00
107.50

93.00-117.00
90.50-116.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

22
19

39.0
39.0

158.00
152.00

152.00
151.00

143.50-171.00
142.50-155.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -----------------------

15

38.5

137.50

135.00

127.50-165.00

-

1

1

4

4

1

-

4

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

26
20

39.5
40.0

153.00
156.00

149.50
152.50

144.50-164.00
146.50-169.00

_

_

_

_

4
3

10
7

4
2

4
4




-

8

187.50
184.00

W o r k e r s w e r e di s t r i b u t e d a s follows:

-

-

9

11

200.50
190.50

9
9

-

-

3

39.0
39.0

*

-

5

80
66

S e e f o ot no te s at e n d of tables.

1

1

2

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------B --------------------------

1
1

2
1

228.00-302.50

ANALYSTS,
A ------------

-

5

2
“

1

8
8

137.00-159.00
138.50-161.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS

3

-

3 at $ 2 8 0 to $300; 1 at $ 3 0 0 to $320: 6 at $ 3 2 0 to $340: a n d 1 at $ 3 4 0 to $360.

1

1

-

“

~

3
3

1
1

2

10
10

8
8

8

5

i

2

7

3

“

1

_

_

i

_

~

-

6

3

_

i

i
-

4
i

”

i

2

_
-

*11

6
-

9
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , pro fessio n al, and tec h n ica l o cc u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n com bined

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, D e s M o i n e s , I o w a ,

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

39
16
23

66
55

O

<,1

$
8 6 .0 0

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .5

1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

369

6 0 .0

116

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

583
63
520

6 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

28
27

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

9 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

235

3 9 .5

1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

CL ER KS , FILE, CL AS S
NONMANUFACTURING

B
—

671
670

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

C L E R K S , FILE, C L A S S
NONMANUFACTURING

C
—

165
165

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

91

C L E R K S , O R D E R ------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

COMPTOMETER

38
76
23

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------OF FI CE BOYS AND GI RL S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —




at e n d

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
6 0 .0

1
1
1
1

61

OPERATORS

fo otnote

1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

3 8 .5

112

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

See

6 0 .0
4 0 .0
6 0 .0

20
71

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

237
60
177
31
376
85

291

39
60
39
40

.5
.0
.0
.0

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

1
2
1
2

9
7
5
5

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

9 5 .5 0
1
1
1
1

1
2
0
6

0
6
5
6

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

9 4 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

179

3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0

19
160

of tables

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ----------------------

*
O

OFFICE

Number
of

May

1971)

Average

A verage

6 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
eamings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

$
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 3 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

790
271
519

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

53
26
29

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 3 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

285
109
176

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

255
110
165

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

255
61
196

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

163
37

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$

1 2 6 .5 0

169

Weekly
hour, 1
(standard)

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y di vision

28

197
28

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

339

6 0 .0

9 3 .5 0

36
303

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 2 5 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------------

686

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

80.00
8 7 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

1 6 7 .5 0

29
657
18

1 6 5 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

C L A S S A ---------------------

56
60

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 0 .5 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

105
26
79

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 0 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

C L A S S C ---------------------

90
80

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

0
0
0
0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

67

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 9 5 .5 0

6 0 .0

1
1
1
1

21
15

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S 8 -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 7 1 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

55
56

6 2 .0
6 2 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 6 3 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N ISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

160
43
117

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

32
26

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

3 9 .0

200.00

60.0
3 9 .0

2 6 6 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

B --------------------------------------

6 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0

6 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S C -------------------------------------TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

126
26

16

209
196

3 9 .0

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

2
2
2
5

2
5
1
1

.0
.0
.0
.0

9 5 .5 0

9 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS

1 8 9 .5 0

ANALYSTS,
A ------------------

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S 8 -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

61

10
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o ccu p atio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, D e s M o i n e s ,

s

s

s

$

s

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$
5.45

3,40

3,50

—

—

3.40

3.50

3.60

«

t

s

3,70

3,80

3,90

—

—

—

3.70

3.80

3.90

3,60
—

$

$

s

—

4.00

s

*

4,10

4,20

4,30

—

4,00

—

4.10

4.20

—

4.30

*

$

4,40
—

4,50

*

*

4.60

»
4.80

$

5.00

$

5.20

5.40

5.60

$

5.80

$
6.00

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

6.00

6.20

—

4.40

A . 50

4.60

4*
00

$
4.53-

U n d e r 3,20 3,30
$
and
3. 20 under
—
3.30

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

1971)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings3
Number
of
workers

May

$
4.75

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

1

-

-

5

2

2

-

-

7

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

137
125

4.71
4.69

4.76
4.75

4.404.41-

4.89
4.87

-

_

_

-

3

“

19
19

4
4

12
12

31
31

24
24

6
6

8

-

4
4

-

“

3
2

-

-

3
3

-

*

3
3

17
17

E N G I N E E R S . S T A T I O N A R Y ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

106
35
71
18

4.00
4.35
3.82
3.72

4.06
4.37
4.01
3.65

3.644.313.493.44-

4.35
4.66
4.09
4.33

6
-

6
6

2

_

24
24

5
5

1
-

i
-

9
9
-

5
4
i

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

-

21
15
6
4

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

5
-

-

-

10
10
7

-

-

9
5
4
2

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

53
31
22

3.50
3.67
3.26

3.29
3.30
3.27

3.233.252.89-

4.05
4.45
3.44

8

21
16
5

7
4
3

_

-

1

-

_

-

-

2

8
8

3
3

~

1

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

94
90

4.63
4.62

4.61
4.61

4.394.39-

4.85
4.84

2
”

2
2

263
63
200
184

4.56
4.24
4.66
4.64

4.53
4.26
4.73
4.59

4.263.854.334.33-

5.04
4.45
5.05
5.04

_

_

_

_

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

-

~

-

~

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

370
340

4.28
4.29

4.36
4.36

4.214.23-

4.63
4.62

-

-

23

4.10

4.39

4.13-

4.45

16

4.58

4.46

4.40-

4.68

50

4.73

4.65

4.58-

4.75

96
96

5.17
5. 17

5.04
5.04

4.804.80-

5.83
5.83

--------------

----------------------------

PAINTERS,

MAINTENANCE

PIPEFITTERS,

------

MAINTENANCE

-

T O O L A N D 0 I E M A K E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

6
2

-

*8




3
3

*

5

“

~

_
“
3

1
i
i

3
3
-

_

-

i
i

8
8

22
20

13
12

-

2
24
24

6
6

13
12

14
14

30
30

-

**

_

26
26
26

10
10
10

6
6
-

92
92
79

6
6
-

_

100
100

-

-

23
9

16
13
3
3

14
2
12
12

3

_

3

-

35
14
21
21

38
7
31
31

6
6
-

“

5
5
-

“

1
1
1

-

1

~
_

3
2

3
3

5
4

2
2

2

9
8

32
32

100
100

24
24

_

_

_

“

“

“

11

i
i
-

~

-

-

22
18

2

4

-

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

3

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

1

1

7

1

1

-

1

i

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

ii

-

26

2

-

10

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1
1

_

3
3

_

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

2
2

-

15
15

18
18

15
15

_

1
1

6
6

32
32

_

-

to $ 2.90;
S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d of tables.

2
2

1 at $ 2 . 9 0

to $ 3 ;

and

1 at $ 3.10

O

20

AUTOMOTIVE

(MAINTENANCE)

OILERS

—

4-

MECHANICS,

MAINTENANCE

0

$
CARPENTERS.

*

*

"

11
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto d ial and m aterial m o v em e n t o ccu p atio n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Des Moines, Iowa, May 1971)
Hourly earnings 3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

N um be r of w ork ers

t
1.70
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$
1

70

1.80

$
1.90

t
2.00

$
2.10

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

(

r e c e iv in g

2.20

$
2.30

t
2.40

t
2.50

2

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2

*

s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

o f—

60

4.00

$
4.20

$
4.40

$

3

t
3.80

*

20

%
3.40

4.60

4.80

$
5.00

3 40

3.60

3

80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

over

11

~

22

22

“

~

~

60

$
2.80

$
3.00

3

80

3.00

3.20

i

t

*

i

and
u nder

1.80

MEN
G U AR D S AND WATCHMEN
M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

$
3.67

$

$

$

65

3.85

3.36-

4.13

WATCHMEN
M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

43

3.59

4.09

3.31-

4.15

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ----M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

785
290
495
57

2.61
3.32
2.19
3.13

2.56
3.52
2.05
3.25

1.953.031.792.84-

3.24
3.72
2.54
3.47

31
-

104
-

39
-

31

104
“

39
2

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G ------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

467
260
207

3.46
3.75
3.09

3.79
3.97
2.67

2.683.642.29-

4.06
4.05
4.08

-

11
-

7
-

“

11

7

O RDER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

204
183

3.34
3.32

3.59
4.00

2.802.76-

4.05
4.05

_
-

11
11

P A C K E R S , S H IP P I N G --------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

66
42

3.44
3.25

3.46
2.99

2.872.85-

4.07
3.65

_

-

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

76
48

3.66
3.81

3.78
3.92

3.483.64-

4.04
4.04

S H IP P I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

62
41

3.67
3.80

3.80
3.67

3.553.56-

4.03
3.97

-

_

_

_

_

1

5

1

_

-

-

_

1

-

S H IP P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

37
26

3.35
3.49

3.35
3.56

2.963.24-

3.68
3.93

-

_

-

_

-

-

1

-

_

_

_

11
4

1
1

T R U C K D R IV E R S
----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

784
172
612
397

4.08
4.02
4.10
4.49

4.16
3.78
4.18
4.49

3.643.224.014.16-

4.82
5.23
4.81
4.84

9

25
25
-

T R U C K D R IV E R S , L IG H T (U N D E R
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S) --------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

72
60

2.54
2.47

2.42
2.26

2.162.13-

2.73
2.65

T R U C K D R IV E R S , M E D IU M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND IN C L U D IN G A T O N S) ------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

105
77

3.57
3.74

3.53
3.96

2.842.68-

4.61
4.63

T R U C K D R IV E R S , H E A V Y (O V E R 4 TO N S,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ----------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

143
26

4.06
3.62

4 . 14
3.73

4.113.27-

4.17
3.93

T R U C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

302
264

3.76
3.72

4.01
3.72

3.613.58-

4.10
4.12

_

142
138

1.92
1.90

1.93
1.93

1.781.77-

2.06
2.05

2
2

1

9

-

-

11

-

-

-

22

-

-

-

-

34

27
5
22
2

87
37
50
18

66
62
4

16
5
11

85
68
17
17

68
66
2
2

27
27

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

3
3
3

32
32

7
3
4

28
24
4

7
5
2

18
18

52
52
“

27
26
1

146
109
37

13
13
”

44
44

-

-

-

15
15

_

22
22

23
17

6

8

1
-

92
92

-

_

_

_

-

2
2

20
20

3
3

3
3

4
4

_

-

31
10

-

_

7

3

7
5

15
15

27
15

_

9

16
16

7
7

12
12

13
“

7
5

6
5

3
3

8
8

-

“

42
5
37

20
13
7

“

38
33
5
1

”

38
17
21
~

190
2
188
116

3
~

1
1

7
5

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

~

~

18

1

9

1
44
44

65
2
63
2

31
-

25
-

31

25
1

22
2
20

7
-

1

13
6
7

11
11

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

1
-

15
2
13
-

18
7
11

17
2
15

9
-

6
-

9

6

15
15

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

-

7

9
25
1

7
3

-

_

_

1

11

11

18

1

9

3

-

-

-

1

11

11

18
1

1
1

9

3

12
12

1
1

3
3

“
_

_

_

”

_

_

_

1
1

11
11

_

_

“

“

11
11

“

_

6
6

_
“

6
6

27
10
17
1

3
6
~

3
3

15
8

~

_

12

9

_

9
6

9

“

3

_

”

~

21
21

1
1

_

* All workers were at $5.20 to $5.40.
See footnotes at end of tables




*

-

-

-

“

*

”

i
1

-

_

1
1

5
5

-

-

_

-

-

-

3
3
-

89
i
88
88

28

161

28
28

161
161

_

_

_

_

8
8

4
4

_

22
22

20
20

2
2

2
2

4

4

_

_

-

45
45

14
14

33
33

2

8
8

“

6
6

5
5

118
1

1
1

1
1

23
23

4
4

25
25

71
71

-

146
108

15
15

_

1

1

“

-

28
28

4
4

WOMEN

J A N IT O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ----N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

9

—

_

_
_

_
*

_

-

60
'60

12

Footnotes

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te sh o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e sh o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is d e fin e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r r a t e .
3
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B ureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishment and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared fo r other purposes.
In applying these job d escriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p ervisors; apprentices; lea rn ers; beginners; train ees; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O FFIC E
CLERK, FILE

BILLER, MACHINE
P repares statements, b ills , and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or e le ctro m atic typew riter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges or p erform other
cle rica l work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b ille rs , m achine, are
cla ssified by type of m achine, as follow s;
B iller, m achine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish er, Burroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord e rs , internally prepared o rd e rs , shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping ch arges,
and entry of n e ce ss a ry extensions, which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine,
and totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon cop ies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which m ay or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' ledger re c o rd . The machine autom atically accumulates
figu res on a number of vertical columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. W orks fro m uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a re co rd of business
transactions.
C lass A. Keeps a set of re co rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping prin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper record s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other re co rd s
by hand.
C lass B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of re co rd s usually
requiring little knowledge of b asic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escrib ed under b ille r,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general d irection of a bookkeeper or accountant, has resp on sib ility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or record s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and ex p e ri­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and
closin g journal entries; and m ay d irect cla ss B accounting clerk s.
C lass B. Under supervision, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting iim ple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher re g iste rs ; reconcilin g bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con trolled by
general led gers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in office s in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




13

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as corresp on den ce, rep orts, technical d ocu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s . May lead a sm all group of low er level file clerk s.
C lass B. Sorts, cod es, and file s unclassified m aterial by sim ple ( subject m atter) head­
ings or partly cla ssifie d m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares sim ple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, locates cle a rly identified m aterial in file s and forw ards
m aterial.
May p erform related cle rica l tasks required to maintain and s ervice file s.
C lass C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssifie d or which
is ea sily cla ssifie d in a sim ple serial cla ssification system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or nu m erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s sim ple cle rica l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and se rvice file s.
CLERK,

ORDER

R eceives cu stom ers' ord ers fo r m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow in g: Quoting p rice s to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the o rd e r; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to resp ective departments to be filled . May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t of o rd ers from cu stom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been fille d , keep file of ord ers receiv ed , and check shipping
invoices with original ord e rs.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ecessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on time or production re c o rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o rk e r's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to p erform m athem atical com putations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of cle rk , which may involve f r e ­
quent use of a Com ptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A. Operates a num erical a n d /or alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to
transcribe data fro m various source documents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. P erform s same
tasks as low er level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, fo r exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation fro m several docum ents; and searches fo r and
interprets inform ation on the document to determ ine inform ation to be punched. May train
inexperienced op era tors.

14
SECRETARY— Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
C lass B. Under close supervision or follow ing s p e cific p rocedu res or instructions,
tra n scrib es data from sou rce documents to punched ca rd s. Operates a num erical a nd/or
alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source docum ents, follow s specified sequences which have
been coded or p rescrib ed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. P roblem s arising from erroneous item s or co d e s, m issing inform ation,
etc., are referred to su p ervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running erran ds, operating m inor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y -to-d a y w ork activities of the su p ervisor. Works fa ir ly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied cle rica l
and s ecreta ria l duties, usually including m ost of the follow in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
personal ca lle rs, and incom ing m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, m aintains, and rev ises the su p e rv iso r's file s ; (c) maintains
the su p erv isor's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
v isor to subordinates; (e) review s corresp on d en ce, m em orandum s, and reports prepared by others
for the s u p ervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic a ccu ra cy; and (f) p erform s
stenographic and typing work.
May also p erform other cle rica l and secreta ria l tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p rogram s, and p rocedu res related to the work of the sup ervisor.
Exclusions

Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " p ossess the above ch a ra cte ristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s: (a) Positions which do not m eet
the "p erson a l" secreta ry concept d escrib ed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secreta rial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of profession a l, technical,
or m anagerial p ersons; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com p lex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore d ifficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, su p ervisory, or specialized c le r ic a l duties which are not typical of secreta rial work.
NOTE: The term "corp ora te o ffi c e r ," used in the level definitions follow ing, re fe rs to
those officia ls who have a significant corporate-w id e policym aking role with regard to m ajor
company activ ities. The title "v ice p resid en t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in all cases identify such p ositions. V ice presidents whose prim ary resp onsibility is to act p er­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a cle rica l staff) are not con sidered to be
"corp ora te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes of applying the following level definitions.
C lass A
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board or president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rso n s.
C lass B
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board or president of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corp orate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below
corp orate-w id e functional activity (e .g ., m arketing,
tions^ etc.) or~a m ajor geographic or organizational
a m ajor division) of a com pany that em ploys, in
em p loy ees; or




the o ffice r level) over either a m ajor
resea rch , op erations, industrial r e la ­
segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000

d. S ecreta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r other equivalent level
of officia l) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
e. S ecreta ry to the head of a large and important organizational segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
management sup ervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred p ersons) of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rs o n s .
Class C
a. S ecreta ry to an executive or m anagerial p erson whose resp on sib ility is not equivalent
to one of the s p e cific le ve l situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least severa l dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this le ve l includes
a wide range of organizational ech elon s; in oth ers, only one o r two; o£
b. S ecreta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (or other equivalent level
of officia l) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5, 000 p e rs o n s .
Class D
a. S ecreta ry to the su p ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 p e rso n s); _or
b. S ecreta ry to a non supervisory staff sp ecialist, p ro fe ssio n a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffic e r , o r assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than se cre ta rie s as d escrib ed above, to this le ve l of su p ervisory or
non supervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type fro m written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple re c o rd s, or p erform other relatively
routine c le r ic a l tasks. May operate from a stenographic p ool. Does not include tra n scrib in gmachine w ork. (See transcribin g-m achine o p e ra to r.)
STENOGRAPHER. SENIOR
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b riefs or reports on scientific re se a rch fro m one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May a lso type from written
copy. May a lso set up and maintain file s , keep re c o rd s, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp on si­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accu ra cy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedu res and of the sp ecific business operations, organization, p o lic ie s, p roced u res, file s ,
workflow , etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s ; assem bling m aterial fo r re p o rts, m em orandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing sim ple letters fro m general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and
answering routine questions, e tc. Does not include transcribin g-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or o ffice ca lls. P e rfo r m s full telephone inform ation se rv ice or handles
com plex ca lls, such as con feren ce, co lle ct, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine w ork as d e scrib e d fo r switchboard op era tor, cla ss B, or as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation s e rv ice o ccu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping o r in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent p roblem s as to
which extensions are appropriate fo r ca lls.)
C lass B . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffice ca lls. May handle routine long distance ca lls and re c o rd tolls.
May p e rfo rm lim ited telephone inform ation se rv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation se rv ice
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent s e rv ice d are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation p u rp oses, o r if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
s p e cific names are furnished, or if com p lex ca lls are re fe rre d to another op erator.)

15
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR--- Continued

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-p osition or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or p erform routine cle rica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or cle rica l work may take the m ajor part of this w o rk e r's time while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates sim ple tabulating or ele ctrica l accounting machines such as the
so rte r, reproducing punch, colla tor, e tc., with sp ecific instructions. May include sim ple
wiring from diagram s and som e filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interp reter, colla tor, arid others.
P erform s com plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and p erform s difficult
w iring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagram s and operating sequences of long and com plex rep orts.
Does not include working sup ervisors perform ing tabulating-m achine operations and d a y-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-m achine op erators.
Class B . Operates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrica l accounting machines such as the
tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the s o rte r, rep rod u cer, and colla tor. This work is
p erform ed under sp ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r cis e , a com plete but sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the p ro ­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the m achine.

P rim a ry duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribin g-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple c le rica l wprk.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
b riefs or reports on scien tific resea rch are not included. A w orker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after ca lcu la ­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials fo r use in duplicating p ro ce s s e s. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re c o rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incom ing m ail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining m aterial fro m several sou rces or responsibility for co r re ct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniform ity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o lic ie s, e tc.; and setting up sim ple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced p roperly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the con trol con sole of a digital com puter to p ro ce s s data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a p rogra m er. W ork includes m ost of the follow ing:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls , ca rd s, etc.); switches n ecessa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; makes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operating problem s and meet
special conditions; review s e rr o rs made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe rs problem
to sup ervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating record s. May test and a ssist in correctin g
program .
F or wage study purposes,

com puter op erators are cla ssifie d as follow s:

Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critica l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e r r o r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total p rogram , and alternate program s may not be available. May give
d irection and guidance to low er level operators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general d irection, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: Most of the program s are established
production runs, typ ically run on a regularly recurring b asis; there is little or no testing
of new p rogram s required; alternate program s are provided in case original p rogram needs
m ajor change or cannot be co rre cte d within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e r r o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes co r re ctiv e action. This usually involves applying p reviou sly p r o ­
gram ed co r re ctiv e steps, or using standard co rre ctio n techniques.

Converts statements of business prob lem s, typically p repared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the p roblem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working fro m charts or d iagram s, the p rog ra m er develops the p re cis e
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired results. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, lo gic em ployed by com puters, and particular subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the p roblem to be program ed. Develops sequence
of program steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show ord er in which data w ill be p ro ce sse d ;
converts these charts to coded instructions fo r m achine to follow ; tests and c o r r e c ts prog ra m s;
prepares instructions fo r operating p ersonnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to in crease operating e fficie n cy or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains re co rd s of
program developm ent and rev ision s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p r o ­
gram ing should be cla ssifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, o r prog ra m ers prim arily concerned with
scien tific a n d /o r engineering prob lem s.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, p rog ra m ers are cla ss ifie d as follow s:
Class A . W orks independently or under only general d irection on com plex p roblem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra ctice s. W orking fro m dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired results, m ajor p rocessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the p rob lem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

OR
Operates under d irect supervision a com puter running program s or segm ents of program s
with the ch a ra cteristics d escrib ed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently p erform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and p erform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed .
Class C . W orks on routine program s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p rogra m s. Usually has received som e form al training in com puter operation.
May a ssist higher level op erator on com plex program s.




At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce severa l interrelated but diverse products fro m numerous and d iverse datfi elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro ce ssin g actions must occu r. This requires
such actions as developm ent of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when p rogram requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated p rogram .
May provide functional d irection to low er level p rog ra m ers who are assigned to assist.

16
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

Class B. W orks independently or under only general d irection on relatively sim ple
p rog ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p rog ra m s. P ro g ra m s (or segm ents) usually
p ro ce s s inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous record s m ay be
p ro ce s s e d , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T ypically, the program deals with
routine record -keep in g type operations.
OR
W orks on com plex p rogram s (as d escrib ed fo r cla ss A) under clo se d irection of a higher
level p rogra m er or su p ervisor. May a ssist higher level p rogra m er by independently p e r ­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly clo se
direction.
May guide or instruct low er level p rog ra m ers.

OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data p rocessin g schem e or system , as d escrib ed for
cla ss A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and re ce iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is review ed for accu ra cy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure p rop er alinement with the overall system .
Class C. Works under im m ediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ra ctica l experience
in the application of p roced u res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F o r example,
may a ssist a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s required
by p rog ra m ers fro m inform ation developed by the higher le ve l analyst.
DRAFTSMAN

Class C . Makes p ra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctices and concepts usually
learned in form a l training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard proced u res to routine prob lem s. R eceives clo s e supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is review ed to v e r ify its accu ra cy and conform ance with
required p roced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business p roblem s to form ulate p roced u res fo r solving them by use of electron ic
data p rocessin g equipment. Develops a com plete descrip tion of all specifications needed to enable
p rogra m ers to prepare required digital com puter p rog ra m s. Work involves m ost of the follow ing;
Analyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and crite ria required
to achieve satisfa ctory resu lts; s p ecifies number and types of re c o rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by p ersonnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and fo r program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the developm ent of test problem s and participates in tria l runs of
new and rev ised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE; W orkers p erform in g both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp onsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g (EDP) em p loyees, or system s analysts p rim a rily con cerned with
scien tific or engineering p roblem s.
F or wage study purp oses,

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or. w holesale establishm ent.) C onfers with persons con cerned to determ ine
the data p rocessin g p roblem s and advises subject-m atter p ersonnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.

system s analysts are cla ssifie d as follow s;

Class A . W orks independently or under only general d irection on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of diverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re co rd in
which every item of each type is autom atically p ro ce s s e d through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) C onfers with persons con ­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessin g p roblem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new or rev ised system s of data p rocessin g operations. Makes r e c o m ­
m endations, if needed, fo r approval of m ajor system s installations o r changes and fo r
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to
a ssist.
Class B. W orks independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogra m , and operate. P rob lem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are hom ogeneous and the output data are clo s e ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly fro m established drafting preceden ts. W orks in clo se sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of fo rm , function, and p ositional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. W orks with a minimum of su p ervisory a ssistance. Com pleted work is
review ed by design origin ator fo r con sisten cy with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, o r d irect their preparation by low er le ve l draftsm en.
Class B . P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as; P re p a re s working drawings of subassem blies with irreg u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re cis e positional relationships between com ponents; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ecessa ry
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load ca p a cities, strengths,
stre ss e s, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked fo r technical adequacy.
Class C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include iso m e tric projection s
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and section al view s to cla rify positioning of
com ponents and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details from a number of sou rces
and adjusts or transposes sca le as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
p receden ts, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are less com plete when assignm ents re cu r. W ork m ay be sp ot-ch ecked during p ro g re ss .
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or p encil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large sca le not requiring clo s e d elin ea tion .)
a n d /or
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of ea sily visualized item s. W ork is c lo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss .
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)
A re g istered nurse who gives nursing se rv ice under general m ed ical d irection to ill or
injured em ployees or other p ersons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p re m ise s of a
fa cto ry or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow in g: Giving firs t aid
to the ill o r injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em p loyees' in ju ries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r com pensation or other p u rp oses; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em p loyees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environm ent,
or other a ctivities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P e rfo r m s the carpentry duties n ecessa ry to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s , counters, benches, partitions, d o o rs , flo o r s , sta irs,
casin gs, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m od els, or verbal instructions using a variety

of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable pow er tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials n ecessa ry
fo r the work. In general, the w ork of the maintenance ca rpenter requires rounded training and
experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experien ce.




17
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)— Continued

P erform s a variety of e le ctrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or rep a ir of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le ctrica l equipment such as gen erators, tra n sform ers, sw itchboards, co n tro lle rs , circu it break­
e r s , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
w iring or electrica l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance e lectricia n requires rounded tra in ­
ing and experien ce usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experien ce.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form a l appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with power,
heat, refrig era tion , or a ir-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s so rs , gen erators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b oilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a re c o rd of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also su­
p erv ise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishm ents em ploying m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary b oilers to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam . F eeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing b o ile rro o m equipment.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by p erform ing s p ecific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
to o ls ; and p erform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also p erform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls , such as jig b o re rs ,
cylin drical or surface grin d ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls , gages, jig s , fixtu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and p erform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessin g item s requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feed s,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n ecessa ry adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recogn ize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to d ress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F o r c r o s s ­
industry wage study purp oses, m achine-tool op era tors, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P roduces replacem ent parts and new parts in making rep a irs of m etal parts of m echan­
ica l equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine
to ols; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m ateria ls, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ra ctice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and p erform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor re p a irs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ord ered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n ece ssa ry adjustments fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experien ce. Excluded from this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines o r heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tr e ss e s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls , equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good ord er power
tra n sm ission equipment such as drives and speed red u cers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the m oving parts or wearing surfaces
equipment of an establishm ent.

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodw ork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo r s , o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain p roper co lo r or con sistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
PIPE FITTER , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co r re ct lengths with chisel and ham mer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or p ow er-d riven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu re s, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether
finished pipes meet specification s. In general, the w ork of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good ord er. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b e r's snake. In
general, the w ork of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d rills , or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing

F a b rica tes, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lo ck e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
m etal roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of




18
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experien ce . usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce.

using a variety of tool and die m ak er's handtools and p re cisio n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working properties of com m on m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of w ork, speeds, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p re scrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m ak er's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m od els, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssification .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P e rfo rm s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
o rd er, using arm s or fo r c e where n ecessa ry. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p rem ises p eriod ica lly in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illega l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itress)
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa ctory working areas and w ashroom s, or
p rem ises of an office , apartment house, or com m ercia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a com bination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance s e rv ice s ; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order p icker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers' o rd e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep re co rd s of outgoing o rd e rs , requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P rep ares m erchandise fo r shipment, or re ce iv e s and is responsible for incom ing ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work in volves: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and
keeping a file of shipping re c o rd s. May d irect or a ssist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving work in volves; V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, in v oices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to p roper departments; and maintaining n e ce s ­
sary record s and file s.
F or wage study purp oses, w orkers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make m inor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
o v e r-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
F or wage study p u rp oses, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)
T ru ckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckd river, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ckd river, medium (1V to and including 4 tons)
2
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tain ers, the s p ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, s ize , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various item s of stock in ord er to v erify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using e x ce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually con trolled gasolin e- or e le ctric-p o w e re d truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers a,re cla ssifie d by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru ck er, power (other than forklift)

A v aila b le O n R e q u e s t-----

availa ble

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g t h e S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1 9 6 5 .
at n o c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n t h e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A b ilen e, T ex.
A laska
A l b a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d ria , La.
A l p e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A m a rillo, Tex.
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n t ic C ity , N .J.
A u g u s t a , G a . —S . C .
A ustin, T ex .
B a k e r s fi e l d , C alif.
Baton R ou ge, La.
B illin g s , M ont.
B i l o x i , G u lf p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , C onn.
C h a r le s t o n , S .C .
Cheyenne, W yo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo r a d o S prin gs, C olo.
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a . —A l a .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
Dothan, A la.
D u lu th —S u p e r i o r , M i n n . —W i s .
D u rh a m , N .C .
E l P a so, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D a k .—M i n n .
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . —O k l a .
F r e d e r i c k — a g e rsto w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
H
G r e a t F a lls , M ont.
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n S a l e m —H i g h P o i n t , N . C .
W
H a rrisbu rg, Pa.
H a rtfo r d , Conn.
H u ntsville, A la.

C op ies

of public

relea ses

K n oxv ille, Tenn.
L aredo, Tex.
L as V e g a s , Nev.
L e x in g to n , Ky.
L ow er E a stern Shore, M d .-V a .
L y n c h b u rg , Va.
M a co n , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u lt S te . M a r i e , M i c h
M erid ia n , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N .J.
M o b i l e , A l a ., and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la.
N a sh v ille, Tenn.
N ew L o n d o n — r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M aine
O g d e n , Utah
O rla n d o, F la.
O x n a rd — e n tu ra, C alif.
V
P a n a m a C ity , F la.
P in e B luff, A rk .
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M a i n e —M a s s .
P u e b lo , C olo.
R eno, Nev.
S a c r a m e n to , C alif.
Salina, K an s.
S a l i n a s —M o n t e r e y , C a l i f .
San ta B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e : — o l y o k e , M a s s . —C o n n .
C
H
S tock ton , C alif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
T opek a , Kans.
T u cson , A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a lle j o — apa, C alif.
N
W ich ita F a lls , T ex.
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . —N . J . —M d .

T h e e lev en th annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a tto r n e y s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1693, N a tio n a l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 .0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f its r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




are




A r e a W a g e S u rveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f th e W a g e a n d H o u r D i v i s i o n o f th e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n o n th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________________
A l b a n ^ - S c h e n e c t a d ^ T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1971 1
_________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 70 1—
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 70 1_______________________________
B e a u m o n t r P o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1971 1-----B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 70 ______________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1971 1-----------------------------------------B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1 9 7 0 * ____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 1 ________________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 19 70 1
----------------------------------------------------B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1971 1_______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 70 1___________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 197 1---------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1 -----------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1 9 7 0 _____________________________________
---------------------------C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . —I n d . , F e b . 197 1 1
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 19 70 1---------------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 19 70 1----------------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 0 1 ----------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111.,
F e b . 197 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------------D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 0 * ----------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 19 70 ----------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 __________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1970 1 _____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 1---------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ________________________________
-------------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1971 1
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d ., O c t . 1 9 7 0 * _____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1971 1
________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 19 70 1
------------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 70 1-----------------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 70 1-----------L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 19 70 1-------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 197 1 1
--------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 0 -----------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 70 1 ____________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 19 70 1
____________________________________
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 197 1-------------------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------

Bulletin nu m b er
an d p r i c e
1660-8 8,
1685-5 4,
1 6 85-5 8,
1660-83,
1 6 85-6 9,
1 6 8 5 - 18,
1685-6 8,
16 85-6,
1685-6 3,
1685-2 1,
1 6 8 5 - 1 1,
1685-4 3,
1 6 85-5 9,
1660-81,
1685-5 7,
1 6 85-4 8,
1 6 8 5 - 10,
1 6 60-9 0,
1685-53,
1 6 85-2 8,
1685-3 3,
1685-2 2,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 cen ts
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1685-5 1,
1685-4 5,
1685-4 1,
1685-7 0,
1660-5 8,
1685-2 5,
16 85-4 ,
1660-7 9,
1685-67,
1 6 85-3 1,
1 6 85-3 9,
1685-37,
1 6 8 5 - 16,
1 6 60-8 2,
16 85-1 ,

30
40
35
30
35
35
35
30
50
40
35
35
45
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1685-6 6,
1685-2 7,
1685-6 0,
16 85-2 ,
1685-3 0,
1685-2 9,
1685-4 0,
1660-7 4,
1685-4 4,

50
30
30
35
30
40
30
50
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M u ske go n —M u sk e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , June 1 9 7 0 1-------N e w ark and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1 97 1 -----------------------New Ha ve n, C o n n ., Jan. 197 1_______________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 197 1 1_____________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1.........................................................
Norfolk—P o r t s m o u t h and N e w po rt N e w s —
H a m pton, V a . , Jan. 1971 1 ________________________________
O k l a h o m a C it y , O k l a ., July 197 0 __________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 197 0 * _________________________
P a t e r son—Cl if to n—P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1970 1____________
P h il a d e l p h ia , P a . —N . J . , N ov. 197 0 ________________________
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1________________________________
P ittsb u r g h , P a . , Jan. 197 1 1------------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , No v. 197 0 --------------------------------------------------P o r tl a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1970 1_______________________
P r o v id e n c e —P aw tu ck et—W a r w i c k , R .I .—M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________________________________
R a l e ig h , N . C . , Au g. 1970 1---------------------------------------------------R ic hm ond , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . (offic e oc cu p at io ns only),
A u g . 1 9 7 0 ______________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 __________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1971 1___________________________
Salt Lake C it y , Utah, No v. 1970 1_________________________
San A nto n io , T e x . , M a y 1 97 0 _______________________________
San Be rn ar d in o—R iv e r side— n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
O
D e c. 1970 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------------San D ie go , C a l i f . , No v. 1 97 0 ------------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o —Oakla nd, C a l i f . , Oct. 197 0 ----------------------San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 197 0 -------------------------------------------------Savannah, G a . , M a y 1970 1__________________________________
S cra nto n, P a . , July 1970 1___________________________________
S e a t t l ^ E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 197 1 * ---------------------------------Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1-970 1
__________________________
South Bend , Ind., M a r . 1 97 1 ------------------------------------------------Spo kane, W a s h . , June 1970 1 _______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , July 1 9 7 0 __________________________________
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1 97 0 --------------------------T o l e d o , Ohio—M i c h . , F e b . 197 0------------------------------------------T r e n to n , N . J . , Sept. 1970 1 _________________________________
Utica—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
W a sh in g to n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o nn., M a r . 197 1---------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iowa, N o v . 1970 1
________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 197 0 1 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 197 1 _________________________________________
Y ou ng sto wn—W a r r e n , O hio, No v. 197 0 ____________________

Bulletin n u m b er
an d p r i c e
1660-85,
1 685-47,
1 685-35,
1 685-36,
1 660-89,

35
40
30
40
75

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

168 5 -4 6,
168 5 -5 ,
1 685-14,
1 660-87,
1 685-34,
1 660-70,
1 685-49,
1 6 8 5 - 19,
1 660-77,

35
30
35
45
50
35
50
30
40

cents
cents
cents
ce nts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 660-72,
1 6 8 5 - 12,
1685-62,

30 cents
35cents
30cents

1685-7,
1660-75,
1685-65,
1685-26,
1660-71,

30 cents
35ce nts
50 ce nts
35 cents
30 cents

1685-42,
1 685-20,
1685-23,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1685-52,
1 685-38,
1685-61,
1 660-86,
168 5 -8 ,
1 6 8 5 - 17,
1 660-56,
1 6 8 5 - 15,
1685-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1 6 8 5 - 32 ,
1 685-64,
1660-78,
1 685-50,
1 685-24,

40 cents
30 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
30 cents
35ce nts
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35cents
30 cents
40 cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PR IV A TE USE, $300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
I-------------------------------------------------------------------------:

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102