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P u b lic L ib r a r y

A G1 1 7 1
U 891

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C in cin n ati, O h io —K e n tu c k y —Indiana,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , F e b ru a ry 1971

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 5 3
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR / Bureau o f Labor Statistics




BUREAU

OF LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
G overnm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 N inth Ave., Rm. 1025
New Y o rk , N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square B uilding
1317 F ilb e rt St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 10th F loor
Kansas C ity , Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III w ill be serviced by Kansas C ity .
Regions IX and X w ill be serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C in cin n ati, O h io —K e n tu c k y —Indiana,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , F e b ru a ry 1971
B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 5 3
May 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 45 cents




P reface
T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e s ig n e d t o p r o v i d e d a ta
on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n ­
ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a nd
f o r th e U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s th e
n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a ­
t io n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2 ) th e s t r u c t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

s t u d ie d in to o n e b u ll e t in . T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in f o r m a t i o n w h ic h h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta t o r e l a t e t o
g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n ite d S t a t e s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In e a c h
a r e a , in f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n ia lly .
T h is b u ll e t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y in C in c in n a t i,
O h io —K y .— n d ., in F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 1 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t is t ic a l
I
A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 ,
c o n s i s t s o f C l e r m o n t , H a m ilt o n , a n d W a r r e n C o u n t ie s , O h io ; B o o n e ,
C a m p b e ll, a n d K e n t o n C o u n t ie s , K y .; a n d D e a r b o r n C o u n t y , In d . T h is
s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111.,
u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o i s L . O r r , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c t o r f o r O p e r a tio n s .

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u ll e t in p r e ­
s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f th e in d iv id u a l
a r e a b u ll e t in s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u ll e t in s a r e
is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s

Contents
Page
I n t r o d u c t io n _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1
5

T a b le s :
1.
2.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s a nd w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d i e d __ .._____________________________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , a nd
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




NOTE:

S i m i l a r ta b u la t io n s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o t h e r a r e a s .

(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e C in c in n a t i
a r e a a r e a l s o a v a ila b le f o r a u to d e a l e r r e p a i r s h o p s (A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 ); b a n k in g ( N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ); h o s p it a ls
( M a r c h 1 9 6 9 ); s e l e c t e d la u n d r y a n d d r y c le a n in g o c c u p a t io n s ( F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 1 ); a n d m e n 's a n d b o y s ' s u it s
a n d c o a t s ( A p r i l 1 9 7 0 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g
c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; a nd l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , a n d a l l i e d
o c c u p a tio n s .

Hi

4
6

C ontents---- Continued
Page
T a b l e s — C o n tin u e d
A.

B.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------m
A - l a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a n d w o m e n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a n d w o m e n -----------------A -3 .
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d -----------------------------------------------------------A -4 .
M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 4 a . M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A -5 .
C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- *___________________________________________
A - 5 a . C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

7
10
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
20

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------- ;__________________________ _________________
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- _---------------------------------B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------B -4 .
P a id h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p l a n s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

21
22
23
24
25
28

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




30

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f it s o n an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s t o r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e th e y te n d t o f u r n is h in s u f f i c i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d t o w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d t o w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r tim e m a y n ot r e f le c t e x p e c te d w a g e ch a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a nd
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n ce to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a te s .
S u ch s h if t s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le
2, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in
th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b i n in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t im a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , ,
a s r e la t in g t o a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s a nd E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a nd a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e jo b t i t le s a r e f o r a l l in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
da ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a l l in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w hen a s u b c la s s ific a tio n o f s e c r e t a r ie s o r tr u c k d r iv e r s is not show n
o r in f o r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c t u a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a nd a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




1

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y an d n o t th e n u m b e r
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e

2

a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly t o in d ic a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e la t e to p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a ta f o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s n ot
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c ­
t io n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a nd a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c ­
tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a fe te r ia
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r i e s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , a nd th e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a re m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tra n ce r a te s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m a n d l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h is i n f o r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , an d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t th e t i m e o f th e
su rv ey.
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s (t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e t a b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
o v e r tim e r a te s .

a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lif y f o r
th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th r o u g h
B - 6 m a y n o t equ^tl t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
D a ta o n p a id h o lid a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a ta o n h o l i ­
d a y ? g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
T he fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le an d h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le an d h a lf
h o lid a y s t o s h o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (t a b le B - 5 ) is l im it e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t f o r a l l le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la te d a s a p p ly in g t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v is io n s fo r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E s t im a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s a n d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s an d t h o s e w h ic h
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s w ith
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . S u ch e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l ,
a lu m in u m , a n d c a n in d u s t r i e s .
D a ta on h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e p la n ,
e v e n i f l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p l o y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
L e g a lly
r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
a nd r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .

S ic k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o th a t ty p e o f
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n fo r m a t io n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w ­
P a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , an d
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a nd N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
p e n s io n p la n s ( t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s ,
p la n s
th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e th a n is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d th e
2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it ( l )h a d operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




3
contributions.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

3
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r ' s p a y du rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i lln e s s . S e p a r a te
ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to ( l ) p la n s w h ich p r o v i d e fu ll pay
and n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a it in g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
eith er o r both types o f b en e fits.
4
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e in clu d e s th o s e plans w h ich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l pla n s. M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p lan s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
p lete o r p a rtia l p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
D ental in su ra n ce u su ally
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a re plans w h ich
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a ccid e n t da m a ge.
P lan s m a y be u n d e r­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o rg a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r o u t o f a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
t h is p u r p o s e . T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o
t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's life.

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in C in c in n a ti, O h io —K y .—In d .,1

by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 F e b r u a r y 1971
Number of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish ­
ments in scope
of study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Studied

Studied

T o ta l4
Plant
Number

Office

Percent

T otal4

A ll establishm ents
A ll divisions___________________________________

-

1,0 4 4

211

2 7 2 ,6 2 5

100

169,210

4 4 ,5 2 5

153,584

Manufacturing___ _________________________________
N onmanufacturing__________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 -----------------------------------W holesale trade _______
___ ______________
Retail trade-------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te -----------Services 8 ----------- _ _____ _ _________________

50
-

479
565

97
114

1 6 6,649
105,976

61
39

109,583
5 9 ,6 2 7

2 1 ,6 7 6
2 2 ,8 4 9

9 5 ,7 9 0
57, 794

50
50
50
50
50

81
122
181
73
108

28
15
29
17
25

2 6 ,5 7 9
11,711
38, 597
13,636
15,453

10
4
14
5
6

-

96

76

141,902

100

8 5 ,4 0 7

2 6 ,3 6 9

126,305

500
-

63
33

45
31

96 ,5 7 1
4 5 ,3 3 1

68
32

6 0 ,8 5 9
24, 548

15,449
10,920

82, 118
4 4 ,1 8 7

500
500
500
500
500

11
3
9
6
4

11
1
9
6
4

18,605
1,716
1 6,572
6, 083
2, 355

13
1
12
4
2

14,429
(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(6 )

4, 794
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

21, 745
2, 292
19,943
8, 223
5 ,5 9 1

Large establishm ents
A ll divisions --------------------------------------------------Manufacturing______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing---- ----------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 _______________________
W holesale tr a d e -----------------------------------------------Retail trade--------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real e sta te -- _____
Services 8 ------------------------------------------------------------

9 ,6 1 5
C)
(6 )

3, 509
(6 )
(6 )
n

(6 )

(6 )

18,605
572
1 6,572
6 ,0 8 3
2, 355

1 The Cincinnati Standard Metropolitan Statistical A r ea , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of Clerm ont, Hamilton, and W arren Counties, Ohio; Boone,
C am pbell, and Kenton Counties, K y .; and Dearborn County, Ind.
The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
com position of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure
employment trends or lev els since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the m inim um lim itation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p rofessional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s " in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables. Taxicabs and service s incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a l l in d u stries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 W ork ers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for " a l l in du stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estim ates for "a l l in d u strie s" in the Series B tab les. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal se rv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile rep air, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural se rv ice s.




A lm ost th ree-fifth s of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Cincinnati area w ere employed in manufacturing firm s.
following presents the m ajor industry groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

Transportation equipment----------------------------------------------------- 18
M achinery, except electrical_______________________________ 13
Food and kindred p roducts---------------------------------------------------- 12
Chem icals and allied p roducts--------------------------------------------- 10
Fabricated m etal p roducts--------------------------------------------------- 8
Printing and publishing---------------------------------------------------------- 7
E lectrica l equipment and su p p lies------------------------------------- 6

The

A ircraft and p a r ts ___________________________________________10
Metalworking m achinery------------------------------------------------------- 9
M otor vehicles and equipment--------------------------------------------- 8
Soap, clean ers, and toilet g o o d s---------------------------------------- 6
B everages-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe m aterials com piled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m ay differ from proportions based on the resu lts of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T re n d s for S elected O ccu p atio n al G roups
s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in dex.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e xe s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a t e o f
the i n d e x .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a ge
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual rates o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n th e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t i o n th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u rv e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e t o r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu siv e of earn in gs fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e ch a n ges in a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s , exclu din g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a re b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im itations

o f D ata

M ethod of C om putin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e ,
as m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

The
p l i e d b y th e
in the g r o u p
w e re rela ted
g a te f o r th e

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n ta g e s of change r e f le c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o vertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v era g e (m ean) e a rn in g s fo r ea ch o ccu p a tio n w e r e m u lt i­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e totaled.
The a ggregates fo r 2 co n se cu tiv e y e a rs
b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a rlie r yea r.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




T a b le

2.

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d

w e e k ly s a la r ie s

and

s t r a ig h t -tim e

h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

in

C in c in n a ti, O h io —K y .— In d ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 a n d F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 1 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll industries
O ffice
cle rica l
(m en and
women)

Period

Industrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
trades
(men)

Manufacturing
U nskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

O ffice
cle rica l
(m en and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

Indexes (M arch 1967=100)
F eb ru a ry 1970
F ebru a ry 1971

-----------------------------__ —
------------

----------- -----_ .

.

115.1
124.1

122.9
134.0

118.5
129.6

115.4
125.9

115.4
125.8

122.4
134.1

118.8
129.0

116.7
126.9

118.4
158.7

119.9
154.7

123.3
156.4

Indexes (M arch 1961 = 100)
M arch 1 9 6 ? ___________________________________________
F e b ru a ry 1 9 7 1 ------------------------------------------------------------

120.2
149.2

118.6
158.8

120.4
156.0

124.9
157.2

118.3
148.8

P e rcen ts of in crease
F e b ru a ry 1960 to M arch 1961:
13-m onth in cre a se __________________ Annual rate of in c r e a s e ________________________

2.7
2.5

5.3
4.9

5.2
4 .8

6.0
5.5

2.9
2.7

5.4
5.0

5.1
4.7

6.6
6.1

M arch 1961 to M arch 1 9 6 2 ________________________
_________ __
M arch 1962 to M arch 1963
M arch 1963 to M arch 1 9 6 4 ------------------------------------M arch 1964 to M arch 1 9 6 5 ______________________ _
M arch 1965 to M arch 1 9 6 6 ________________________
. . . .
M arch 1966 to M arch 1 9 6 7 — ------ —
M arch 1967 to M arch 1 9 6 8 ________________________
M arch 1968 to M arch 1 9 6 9 ________________________
M arch 1969 to F e b ru a ry 1970:
11-m onth in cre a se_______________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a s e ________________________

3.6
3.0
2.3
2.9
2.3
4 .6
5.0
5.0

1.0
3.5
1.9
3.8
1.8
5.4
8.1
5.5

1.6
3.9
2.5
2.6
3.8
4.4
6.4
5.9

4.8
2.9
3.0
2.5
5.6
3.9
6.0
3.9

3.3
2.7
2.2
2.2
2.5
4.2
5.1
4.9

1.0
3.0
2.5
3.8
2.8
4 .0
8.6
6.0

1.3
4.0
2.7
2.2
3:4
4.9
6.6
5.9

4.8
3.1
2.4
2.6
4.7
3.7
5.6
4 .7

4.3
4 .7

7.8
8.5

5.2
5.7

4.8
5.2

4 .7
5.1

6.4
7.0

5.3
5.8

5.6
6.1

F ebru a ry 1970 to F eb ru a ry 1 9 7 1 _______________ —

7.9

9 .0

9 .4

9.1

9 .0

9.5

8.6

8.7

N O T E : M ost p re v io u sly published indexes for the Cincinnati area used M arch 1961 as the base
period.
They can be converted to the new b ase period by dividing them by the corresponding index
num bers for M arch 1967 on the M arch 1961 base period as shown in the table. (The resu lt should be
m ultiplied by 100.)

7

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , February 1971)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

s
t e “ ly
hours *
(standard)

s
60

Mean 2

Medi an 2

Middle range2

$
65

*
70

S

S
75

80

*
85

*
90

$
95

$
100

$
110

S

$
120

130

$
140

$

$
150

160

$
170

*
180

$
19C

i

$
200

210

and
u n d er
65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

-

2

-

2
2
1

14
13

1
1
33
25

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

-

5

-

5

26
24

30
28

21
18

23
21

13
11

15
4

18
18

13
10

7
7

12
12

9
4

21
15

12
12

1

15
15

_

_

_

-

55
49
6

78
49
29

64
32
32

39
15
24

-

6
-

2
-

2
2

~

6

2

-

2

2
-

5
-

3

1

_

_

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

18

7

5

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

186

3 9 .5

$
$
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

$
158.00
1 5 7.00

$
152.50

161

151.00

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 8 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

123
106

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 6.50
1 2 6.00

1 2 6.00
122.50

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-•

_

_

_

12
12

2

10

“

10

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

357

4 0 .0

142.00
134.00

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

148.00

152.50

1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

1
1

3

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

139.50
1 3 4.00

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

227
130

-

-

-

-

-

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS) ----------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------------

217
119
98

3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

8 9 .0 0

_

_

17

28
11

-

2
15

40
19

8 9 .5 0

-

19
8

15

11

21

17

8

27

4 0 .0

104.00

9 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

39
24

3 8 .5

8 0 .0 0 9 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 C 0 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0

9

11

~

59

3 9 .5

140.50

146.00

1 2 6 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

9 6 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 9 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

-

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------

3 9 .5

8 9 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

"

“

”

“

16

9

15

9

21
21

36

47

23

-

13

32
15

19

7
6

16
3

1

4
4
-

6

2

19

2

2
-

5

2

~

-

-

5

-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE

(BILLING
165
80
85

3 9 .0
4 0 .C
3 8 .5

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------

59

3 9 .5

1 0 2.00

9 9 .5 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CL AS S A -------------------------------

76

3 8 .0

117.00

109.50

9 9 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

236

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0
104.50
9 2 .5 0

9 8 .0 0
101.00
9 5 .5 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 C 9 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

128.50
135.00

130.00
133.50

MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

111
125

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CL AS S A -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

924

3 8 .5

1 1 9.50

123.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

901
456
44 5

3 9 .0

102.00

9 9 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

108.00
9 6 .0 0

105.00
9 7 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

57

3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------------

115

3 9 .5

9 9 .5 0

9 4 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

282
56

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0

8 4 .5 0

8 0 .5 0 -

9 0 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 -

9 8 .5 0

3 8 .5

9 1 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

8 7 .0 0

226

8 4 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -

8 9 .5 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




243
181

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 2 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 9 . CO
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

1
-

1
-

3
-

29

56

20

12

1

3

21
10
11

12

1

3
26

42
14

8
12

20
5
15

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

16

8

15

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

23

16

13

-

2

7

14

13

14

16

2
12

7

8
6

33
9

67
35

3

1
1

1
1

2

24

32

4

5
1
4

18
18

9

53
28
25

-

18

2

9

-

-

55
26
29

35
18
17

82
30
52

82
72

8

13
5
8

10

55
33
22

152
108
44

136
17
119

193

98
62
36

73

30
25

15
14

5

_
-

-

-

-

-

13

_

_

-

-

-

2

i

7

2

-

-

-

-

18

_

_

28

25

48

86

-

-

4
24

1
24

14
34

32
54

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

-

-

-

“

23

6

10

11

6

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1

18

44

4

22

19

4

-

21

17

19

94

6C

32

9

2

9

2

15

10

13
47

2

21

12
82

3
3

3

2

22
2
20

25

_

-

220

and

7

1C4
89

4

5

61
12

_

_

_

-

-

-

44
32
12

11
10

9
5
4

-

3
3

1

_

4
4

2
2

1

11
8
3

2

1

*

-

-

_

-

6
6

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

“

1

1

over

8

T a b l e A -1 .
(A v e r a g e

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

s tr a ig h t-tim e

w eek ly

h ou rs

an d

ea rn in g s

fo r

s e le c te d

occu p a tion s

stu d ie d

on

an

a r e a

b a sis

b y

in d u stry

d iv isio n ,

W e e k l y earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e
$

Number
S e x ,

occu p a tion ,

and

ion

in d u stry

Average
weekly

of
workers

( standard)

$
60

Median 2

M i d d l e r ange 2

Mean2

WOMEN -

CONTINUED
$

70

75

80

w o rk er s

F e b r u a r y

re ceiv in g

stra ig h t-tim e

$
85

90

95

1971)

*
100

n o

120

w eek ly

earn in g s

t
130

t
140

150

o f—
*

160

%

t
170

180

19C

£

$
7 3 .5 0 -

$

$
8 6 .5 0

1

J

*

VIW. UW

80

85

90

95

65

57

75

35

28

13

62

40

17

70

2

16

22

75

11

3 9 .5

1 0 0 .5 0

9 6 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

-

3 9 . C

1 0 3 .5 0

9 9 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0

-

24 9

4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0

9 2 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

29 3

100

110

120

79

61

33

48

57

39

33

120

130

140

150

160

170

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

-

-

74

27

7

8

41

24

7

2

5
-

11

11

46

18

72

22

22

“

33

3

"

6

5

-

3

3

13

7

25

9

67

33

57

39

18

3

3 9 .5

1 1 8 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

-

-

2

3

8

5

15

5

52

29

45

36

17

67

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0

9 4 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0

-

-

I

“

5

2

10

4

15

4

12

3

1

"

10

_

_

7

6

17

23

61

28

88

39

11

9

2

3

2

-

-

2

-

2

15

29

7

49

14

5

2

3

2

3

°

30 3

—

3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0

137

—

190

2 0 0

210

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

4 0 . C

1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0

I1b b
5

0

32

21

^ .U 9
3 U

25

3

1

_

1

1

-

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

4

_
-

7
7

-

11
_

373

3 9 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

_

-

-

-

4

29

27

40

90

79

64

19

14

3

1

2

129

3 9 .5

1 1 3 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

2

8

10

8

36

27

8

14

11

1

1

2

2 4 4

3 9 .0

1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0

9 8 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

-

-

-

2

21

17

32

54

52

56

5

3

2

*

“

770

3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0

9 5 .0 0

8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0

-

13

4

37

68

119

142

98

145

82

29

6

2

3

4

9

9

-

4 2 2

3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0

-

13

3

20

8

59

60

43

105

64

18

3

1

3

4

9

9

3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0

9 2 .0 0

17

60

60

82

55

40

18

52

10

11

9 9 .0 0

91

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING — -----------

_______

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

9 4 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

3 8 .5

8 3 .5 0

8 3 . 50

7 6 .5 0 -

3 8 .0

7 5 .5 0 -

8 9 .0 0

1
1
“

8 4 .0 0

8 4 .0 0

1 3 4 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0

3

-

-

~

-

1
-

-

30

21

20

36

14

3

5

11

33

29

121

5

1

£

1
353

47 0

4 0 0

20 2

195

90

65

35

37

16

3 9 .0

1 3 7 .5 0

1 3 6 .5 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0

-

-

i

3

i

6

7

48

144

204

241

300

296

144

139

59

37

33

21

13

1,0 3 4

3 8 .5

1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 4 . 5C

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

-

-

2

2

10

27

22

73

lfcl

157

112

170

104

58

56

31

28

2

16

3

154

4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 8 . 0C

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

"

-

-

5

-

*

u

14

9

14

38

8

12

9

11

15

1

7

126

3 8 .5

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

17

4

3

2

15

25

18

8

12

3

2

2

11

13

4

3

2 ,7 3 4

3 9 . C

1 5 9 .5 0

1 5 8 .0 0

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

1 4 3 .5 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

71

3 9 .0

1 5 9 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 -1 9 2 .5 0

55

3 7 .5

1 6 0 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0

1 5 1 .5 0 -1 8 0 .0 0

5 4 4

3 8 .5

305

361

3

12

6

5

i i

2

4

4

i i

1

-

1 4 1 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

-

_

4

3

58

55

28

25

22

1 4 6 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1
-

13

3 9 .5

2

1

2

18

25

22

19

63

14

20

12

21

22

12
-

-

2

301

3 8 .0

1 3 7 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1

11

3

1

40

3 C

27

59

44

25

25

16

4

~

12

3

~

8 4 7

_

6

88

126

_

49

78

107

39

45

3

2

3 9 .5

1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 6 1 .5 0

-

1

5

107

73

117

52

28

7

20

2

1

50 8

3 9 .5

1 4 5 .5 0

1 4 9 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

4

19

35

38

53

54

57

59

103

42

14

7

17

2

1

3 9 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 1 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

1
-

2

339

—

-

-

3

”

24 3

1 4 1 .5 0

-

3
-

10

3

2

23

36

63

35

72

50

14

14

10

14

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

~

“

11

~

~

10

7

10

5

7

14

5

9

15

19

76

159

20 1

213

26 4

171

65

15

2

-

2

2

27

79

138

164

225

165

58

12

9

13

17

49

80

63

49

39

6

7

3

2
-

-

“

~

14

4

12

26

“

“

3

“

~

35

128

173

184

2 5 6

136

54

13

11

10

13

5

2

-

13

4

1

12

5

2

7

9

1

-

-

42

71

101

67

4 0 .0

1 5 3 .5 0

1 5 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U TI LI T IE S ----------

1,2 1 7

3 9 .0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

878

3 9 .0

1 2 8 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

~

1

3

339

3 8 .5

1 1 2 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0

9 9 .5 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0

-

-

2

2

64

4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 8 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S -----------

l ,0 2 8

3 8 .5

1 0 2 .0 0

9 9 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

_

_

-

8

6 7 3

3 8 .5

1 0 1 .5 0

9 9 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 C 7 .0 0

-

-

-

4

13

101

104

145

173

72

24

35 5

3 8 .5

1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0

-

-

4

22

27

69

39

83

64

30

62

4 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

-

-

-

4

1

1

23

16

“

7

9

1

“

691

3 9 .5

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

_

_

3

7

34

31

112

179

190

67

14

23

9

9

7

-

i

6

28

5

41

138

111

40

14

21

8

9

7

2

i

6

26

71

41

79

27

~

2

3
3

1

—

-

-

43 5

3 9 .5

1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

-

25 6

3 9 .0

1 1 4 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

”

-

3

-

5

~
-

_

-

-

~

"

ta b les.

-

~

-

-

-

~

~

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------




-

1 ,7 0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

o f

_
-

8 9 .0 0

133

SECRETARIES --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S -----------

-

1 1

8 6 .0 0 -

17B

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

_

~

348

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PU8LIC UTI LIT IE S -----------

end

220

o v er

180

14

22 6

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

at

22 0

and

* J

557

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

footn otes

$
210

u n der

30B

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

S ee

$
20 0

4 0 .0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS C --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S -----------

o f

$

$
65

O h i o —K y . — I n d . ,

and

65

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

C in cin n a ti,

-

-

~

“
-

-

-

*
~

~

“
2

2

2

-

2

2

2

-

'

9
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for s elected occupations studied on an area basis by industry d iv isio n , C incinnati, Ohio— y. —
K
Ind. , F ebru ary 1971)
Weekly

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Numbe
*

Average
weekly

60

M ean 2

M edian 2

Middle range 2

(standard)

65

%
70

80

s

85

90

$
95

$

$

no

ICO

i

%
120

130

$
140

150

of—

S

$
160

$

%

%
170

180

190

$
<> 0 0

$
210

22 0

and
70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

12C

130

140

150

160

170

11

180

190

2CC

210

220

over

CONTINUED

$
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

$

$

$

13

6

8

72

48

81

52

-

1 7

18

26

22

60

n

60

3

46

26

21

6

17

50

27

20

-

15

28

6

4

1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0

92

3 9 .0

9 8 . CO

9 3 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0

10

8

SWITCHBOARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPTIONISTS-

42 5

3 9 . C

9 9 .0 0

9 7 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 - 1 C 9 .0 0

-

-

15

-----------------------------------

21 7

3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

13

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

208

3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0

9 3 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 C 3 .0 0

“

“

2

195

3 9 .0

9 7 .0 0

9 4 .5 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 C 5 .C 0

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0

9 0 . 50

8 6 .0 0 - 1 C 9 .0 0

_
~

_

86

-

_
-

9 6 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0

22 8

3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0

178

3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0

9 3 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 C 2 .5 0

1, 537

3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0

8 9 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 -

3 9 .5

See footnotes at end of tables.




388
1 ,1 4 9

48

9 6 . 5C

8 6 .5 0 - 1 C 1 .0 0

9 4 .0 0

9 3 .5 0

3 9 .0

8 7 .5 0

8 7 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 -

9 5 .5 0

4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0

8 8 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 -

9 1 .0 0

10

-

9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0

T YPI STS , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ----------------------------

-

8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0

6

3

3 9 .0

9 7 .0 0

1C

6

21

121

1 0 2 .0 0

6

19

77

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURIMG --------------------------------

3 9 .0

7

12

14

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

3 8 .5

16

13

2

1 2 0 .0 0

109

16

8

14

1 2 5 .0 0

40 6

“

2

2

3 9 .0

TYP ISTS , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

l

1

8

73

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- ---------------------

i

”

CLASS A --------

manufacturing

75

of w o r k e rs receiving straight-time w e e k l y earning

$

i

and
under
65

W
OMEN -

$

s

-

u

5

14

7

11

2

6

19

11

15

30

9

10

11

22

10

1

4

39

22

8

13

13

3

9

2

2

*

"

~

-

~

-

i
i

1

2

_

_

_
-

-

_

-

-

i
i
-

2

_

_

_
-

_

_

-

-

2

“

_
”

i

-

-

-

1

“

-

_

10

76

“

4

2

22

21

16

26

5

2

10

71

30

26

49

107

40

42

15

15

1 1

11

17

23

77

31

32

6

15

60

19

9

26

30

9

10

9

~

i

*

”

303

26 0

250

243

165

43

1

3
3

2
2

2
2

4
4

5
5

171

10

8

33

30

53

84

59

76

24

-

68

138

273

20 7

166

184

89

19

24

11

1

2

6

~

4

6

-

-

4

4
4

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

“

10

T a b l e A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied in establishm ents em ploying 500 w o rk e rs or m ore by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohicr-Ky.—
Ind., F eb ru ary 1971)
W
eekly ea in s 1
rn g
(sta d rd
r a )
S e x ,

o ccu p a tio n ,

and

in d u stry

d iv isi

N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

h rs1
ou
(sta d rd
na )

Num ber o f w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
t

A
verage
M
ean2

M
edian2

M
iddle ra g ^
ne

$

70
Under
*
and
70
under
75

75

f
80

85

*
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

$
11C

$

%

120

130

$
140

S
150

$
160

$
170

$
180

$
190

$
200

$
210

220
and

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

-

”

“

2
2

“

~

5
5

8
8

14
14

19
18

10
9

13
11

5
4

7
7

13
10

7
7

1
1

i
i

1
1

”

“

1
“

1
1

1
1

9
9

32
32

35
32

30
21

20
20

18
15

_

_
-

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

36
16
20

23
11
12

26
25
1

8
7
1

6
4
2

7
6
i

4
4

2
2

4
4

3
3

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

5
1
4

5
5

14
2
12

5
3
2

26
14
12

34
24
10

33
28
5

35
26
9

24
18
6

10
10
“

5
5

-

3
3
“

6
6
“

-

“

63
20
43

55
34
21

28
12
16

40
32
8

42
36
6

73
53
20

52
43
9

29
24
5

15
14
1

ii
8
3

_
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

220

M
EN

$
$
$
$
159 .0 0 155 .0 0 1 3 9 .0 0 -1 8 7 .0 0
1 58.00 152 .0 0 1 3 8 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

-

-

1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

_

-

9 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 - 59.5 0
8 4 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

_
-

5
2
3

28
24
4

17
8
9

207
147
60

39. 5 1 3 4 .0C 134.00
3 9 .5 139 .5 0 138 .0 0
3 9 .0 121.00 120 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

"

-

~
-

450
293
157

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 8 .0 0 105 .5 0
112.50 1 10.50
9 8 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

_
-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

105
97

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

150
134

4 0 .0 1 3 8 .5 0 138 .0 0
4 0 . C 138 .0 0 135 .0 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS)
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

170
111
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

_

-

WOMEN

-

4
i
3

32
10
22

CLASS A

89

4 0 .0

1 01.00

9 4 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

-

1

6

41

2

12

4

16

4

-

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING

173
126

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 8 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 91.5 0

-

5
3

15
6

79
70

21
14

10
8

31
24

4
i

1

3

2

2

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING

138
111

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

8 2 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 8 8 .5 0

9

22
15

25
21

26
24

35
34

17
13

3
3

i
i

CLERKS, ORDER ----MANUFACTURING

179
165

3 9 .0 112 .0 0 1 10.50
3 9 .0 1 0 9 .5 0 1 08.50

9 2 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

-

5
5

4
2

8
8

13
13

29
29

7
7

10
10

13
13

16
16

29
29

27
24

7
7

8
2

3
“

_

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------MANUFACTURING ---------

153
123

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

118.00 118 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
119.00 11 9 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

i

3
3

5
5

5
5

11
10

9
5

15
11

13
9

19
15

25
16

20
18

18
17

3
3

4
4

1
1

-

1
1

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

159
113

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

108 .5 0
101 .0 0

1 06.50
1 01.00

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

_
-

7
5

6
6

5
5

10
8

21
20

14
11

14
12

11
6

37
25

11
11

9
4

2

3

2

_

7

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

215
109
106

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

112 .5 0
116 .0 0
1 09.00

1 10.00 1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 13.50 1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
O
1 09.00 1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .C

-

_

_
-

4
2
2

11
3
8

11

15
8
7

35
22
13

31
8
23

51
22
29

25
8
17

15
14
1

12
11
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

459
286
173

3 9 . C 1 03.50
3 9 .5 109 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
3 9 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 03.50
9 3 .0 0

i
i

4
3

7

47
16
31

98
46
52

63
39
24

67
54
13

40
32
8

55
46
9

25
18
7

4
3
1

2
1
1

4
4

7

21
2
19

3
3

1
3

8

15

44

8

3

1

2

3

1
1
-

3
3

1
1

5
2

13
7

3

6

28
17
11

54
31
23

76
54
22

229
152
77

297
210
87

377
274
103

302
238
64

173
133
40

164
135
29

4

1

2

6

10

17

8

5

_

_

-

_
-

2

3

7

l

"

~

1

2
1

29
11
18

49
13

"

18
11
7

57
20
37

36
12
24

25
16
9

25
12
13

25
21
4

CLERKS,

FILE,

MESSENGERS

(OFFICE GIRLS)

89

-------

SECR ET ARIE S-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

i
i

3 8 .0

958
424
534

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 7 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 - 99.5 0

8 7 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 89.5 0

140 .0 0 13 7 .0 0
141.00 138.50
1 3 7 .0 0 1 34.00

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

CLASS A -------------

74

3 8 .5

1 72.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

319
150
169

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

152.50 14 8 .5 0 1 3 3 .5 0 -1 7 3 .5 0
1 56.50 1 57.50 1 3 4 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 49.00 1 45.50 1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES,

See footn otes at end of tables.




2
-

6

_

168 .5 0 1 5 7 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0
-

4
4
—

3

4

36

-

-

-

-

_
”

_
-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_
-

1
1

-

_
-

-

9
9

9
9

-

_
-

_

-

87
59
28

58
37
21

34
33
1

37
21
16

16
13

5

5

11

22
22

12

3

12

3

-

"

3

3
3
'
-

2
2

11

T a b l e A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a nd w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

(Av e r a g e straight-time w e e k l y hou r s and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e b y industry division, Cincinnati, Ohicr-Ky.— Ind., F e b r u a r y 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

s

$

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

s
105

t
110

120

130

140

$
150

*

$

$

$

$

$

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

-

-

“

1
1

3
2
1

5
4
1

11
7
4

16
12
4

24
14
10

56
29
27

68
43
25

77
48
29

76
57
19

64
56
8

107
103
4

52
42
10

28
14
14

7
7
-

20
17
3

2
2
-

i
i
-

i
i

3
3

-

2
~
2

6
2
4

14

*

6

34
15
19

45
37
8

151
109
42

199
156
43

249
211
38

163
159
4

63
58
5

15
12
3

2
2
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

5
1
4

6
1
5

13
12
1

5
5
“

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

2
2

2
2
“

-

-

-

*

70

(standard)

85

i

75

T J
T
Under

weekly

80

%

70
and
under
75

Sex, occupation, and industry division

90

95

100

160

170

180

190

200

210

220
and

220 over

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

618
459
159

$
3 9 . 5 14 6 .0 0
3 9 . 5 14 9 .0 0
3 9 . 0 1 3 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

947
773
174

3 9 . 0 12 9 .0 0 13 1 .0 0
3 9 . 0 13 0 .5 0 13 2. 50
3 8 . 5 12 1 .5 0 12 1 .0 0

1 1 9 .00-140 .50
1 2 1 .00-142 .00
1 1 1 .00-132 .50

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

752
595
157

38.5
38 .5
39.0

10 3 .0 0
99.50
102 .00
99.00
10 6 .5 0 10 3 .5 0

93.0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
92.50-107.00
95.00-117.50

-

-

5
2
3

16
7
9

104
95
9

111
93
18

149
122
27

122
104
18

71
59
12

92
56
36

38
23
15

13
13
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

555
364
191

3 9 . 5 12 1 .0 0 11 9 .0 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 7 . 5 0
39 .5 12 5 .0 0 12 1 .0 0 1 1 3 . 5 0 - 1 2 9 . 5 0
3 8 . 5 1 1 4 .0 0 11 2 .0 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 - 1 2 4 . 5 0

-

-

-

3
1
2

2
1
1

5
4
i

25
5
20

40
16
24

66
25
41

149
117
32

153
108
45

60
37
23

n
ii

11
9
2

8
8
“

9
9
“

7
7

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------

62

39.5

12 8 .0 0 12 7 .5 0

1 13 .00-147 .00

-

-

1

2

1

i

-

2

6

13

7

6

10

11

2

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

83
56

39 .5
39.0

11 1 .0 0 11 2 .5 0
10 7 .0 0 10 3 .5 0

94.50-127.50
92.00-125.00

-

8
8

-

-

5
3

9
8

8
6

8
5

3
1

9
6

18
10

6
2

6
6

-

1
1

2
~

-

-

-

79

38.0

10 2 .5 0

93.50-109.00

11

10

261

39.0

10 6 .5 0 10 4 .5 0
97.00-117.00
10 7 .5 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 1 . 0 0
10 0 .0 0
98.00
95.00-102.50

2
2

2
2

4

-

-

-

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
utritKAL

61
TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NUN M N Ur AL 1UK 1 N o —— — — — — —
A
———— —

See footnotes at end of tables,




39.0

519
278
241

38.5
39.0
38.0

92.00
96.50
86.50

$
$
$
14 7 .0 0 1 2 5 . 5 0 - 1 6 6 . 5 0
15 2 .0 0 1 3 0 . 5 0 - 1 6 7 . 5 0
13 2 .5 0 1 1 7 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 . 0 0

99.00

89.50
94.50
86.50

8 4 . 5 0 - 98 . 0 0
88.0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 1 . 5 0 - 90 . 0 0

j!

200
1

6
6

25
8
17

37
8
29

'

71
24
47

16
20
3 9 . C 10 8 .5 0
11
11
3
128
37
91

89
66
23

8

20

13

41
15
26

44
33
ii

39
38
1

30
27

35
32

8

60
35
25

51
47

15
12

24
24

1
~
1

1

_
•“

1_5
15
3
3

4

-

-

12

T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , Feb ruary 1971)
Weekly earnings

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

1

Number of wo rke rs re ceiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

i
Average
weekly
Mean 2

M edian 2

Middle range2

(standard)

80
and
under
90

$
90

$
100

$
110

s
120

$
130

$
140

$
150

t
160

$
170

s
180

s
190

s
200

s
210

i
220

t

230

%

240

t

$

t

250

260

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

i
i

6
4

29
10

20
12

17
10

5
4

10
8

7
6

4
3

1

2

-

-

_

_

1
1

3
3

1
1

_
-

260

270

280

100

270

and

280 over

M
EN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

102
58

39.0
39.5

$
$
$
$
16 3 .0 0 15 7 .0 0 1 4 7 . 5 0 - 1 7 9 . 0 0
16 5 .5 0 16 6 .0 0 1 5 0 . 0 0 - 1 8 4 . 0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

177
109
68

39.5
40.0
39.0

1 4 1 .0 0 13 6 .5 0 1 2 6 . 5 0 - 1 5 4 . 0 0
14 5 .5 0 13 7 .5 0 1 2 8 . 0 0 - 1 6 2 . 5 0
13 4 .0 0 13 4 .5 0 1 2 1 . 0 0 - 1 4 6 . 5 0

-

6

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------------

67

39.0

1 1 6 . CO 11 3 .5 0

99.0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------------

76

3 9 . 0 2 0 7 .0 0 2 0 6 .5 0

116
73

17 6 .5 0 18 5 .5 0
18 1 .5 0 19 0 .0 0

1 5 7 .00-199 .00
1 61 .00-202 .00

-

6
6

14
4
10

42
32
10

40
25
15

27
10
17

13
7
6

16
16

n

8
3

3
2
1

-

13

10

15

15

3

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

3

6

2

8

18

13

5

4
“

2
2

3
~

15
11

9
5

12
6

5
2

23
11

17
14

22
21

3
“

1

-

2

1

4

10

7

1

2

12
7

-

-

195 .00-223 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

-

—

39.0
40.0

_
*

“

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

2

-

3

2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

“

13

7

4

7

5

7

1C
5

8
4

3
2

17
17

10
e

5
3

5
11
4 **11

12
12

15
15

_

_

-

_

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
66

3 9 . 5 2 5 9 .0 0 2 5 8 .0 0 2 2 9 . 5 0 - 2 8 2 . 5 0

104
64

4 0 . 0 2 3 1 .0 0 2 2 9 .0 0 2 0 5 . 0 0 - 2 5 5 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 2 4 7 .0 0 2 4 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

370
348

40.0
40.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

504
492

4 0 . 0 1 6 4 .0 0 16 6 .5 0 1 5 3 . 5 0 - 1 7 9 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 16 4 .0 0 16 6 .5 0 1 5 3 . 5 0 - 1 7 9 . 0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

261
250

40.0
40.0

51

40.0

59

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

-----------------------------------------------

19 3 .0 0 19 4 .0 0 1 7 6 . 0 0 - 2 1 1 . 5 0
19 4 .0 0 19 4 .5 0 1 7 6 . 5 0 - 2 1 2 . 0 0

2
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

3
3

2
2

9
9

18
18

39
29

49
49

35
30

53
52

61
56

44
43

30
30

-

3
3

20
20

55
55

32
29

55
53

144
144

76
71

74
72

37
37

8
8

_

-

80
80

45
43

26
19

5
4

-

~
*19

1
1

24
24

28
28

3
3

10
10

39
38

85.0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

25

3

4

6

-

8

20

18

1

3

8

-

-

_

-

2
2

5
5

21
21

17
15

32
28

15
11

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

1

1 5 8 .0 0 15 4. 00 1 4 2 . 0 0 - 1 7 1 . 0 0
15 5 .5 0 1 5 3 .0 0 1 3 9 . 5 0 - 1 6 5 . 0 0

_

_

“

13

3 9 . 0 1 1 5 .5 0 11 5 .5 0 1 0 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 9 . 5 0

-

-

*

12 7 .5 0 13 5 .0 0 1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 . 0 0
12 6 .5 0 1 3 4 .5 0 1 1 4 . 5 0 - 1 4 1 . 0 0
99.50

96.50

-

WM
O EN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B

-------------------

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

*
**

123
107

Workers we re distributed as follows:
Workers we re distributed as follows:

See footnotes at end of tables.




39.5
40.0

-

9 at $ 280 to $ 300; 7 at $ 300 to $ 320; and 3 at $ 320 and over .
7 at $ 280 to $ 300, and 4 at $ 300 to $ 320.

5
4

12
12

6
6

6
2

2
1

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

13
T a b le A -2 a .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings f o r selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 w or k ers or m o r e by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— y —
K
Ind., February 1971)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

1
$

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly

$

$

$

$

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earning of--S
*
$
t
$
$
%
*
$
$
$
*
$
*
$
$
130
150
160
190
200
220
140
170
180
210
230
240
250 260
270 280

M ean*

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

90

100

110

120

90

Sex, occupation, and industry division

80

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

18C

190

200

210

-

-

-

-

1
1

5

24
0

18
ro

15
ro

4

8
8

7

4

_

_
-

2
-

12
4

23
15

30
17

27
10

10
7

16
16

11
8

_
-

0

0

5

3
2
1

and
under

and
220

230

240

250

260

270

1

2

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

3
3

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

i

280 over

M
EN
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------

89
52

39.0
39.5

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

139
84
55

39.5
39.5
J *

$
$
$
$
16 3 .5 0 15 8 .0 0 1 4 7 . 5 0 - 1 8 0 . 5 0
1 •
1 *J
14 4 .5 0 14 1 .0 0 1 2 9 . 0 0 - 1 6 0 . 5 0
15 0 .5 0 14 5 .5 0 1 3 1 . 0 0 - 1 6 6 . 0 0
1J •
13 ' * J

-

5

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------------

55

3 9 . 0 12 0 .5 0

102 .50-126.00

2

11

6

13

15

3

-

-

-

-

2

-

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------------

71

3 9 . 0 2 0 3 .0 0 2 0 4 .5 0 1 9 3 . 5 0 - 2 1 9 . 0 0

*

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

3

6

2

8

18

13

5

9

-

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------------------

82

39.0

2

3

11

9

12

5

19

11

7

2

“

1

-

_

-

17 4 .0 0

11 7 .5 0

17 9 .0 0 1 5 6 . 5 0 - 1 9 1 . 5 0

-

-

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
65

dDVmU
U

1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------------------------

87

3 9 . 5 2 3 1 .0 0 2 2 5 .0 0 2 0 1 . 5 0 - 2 6 0 . 0 0

“

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

207
197

4 0 . C 19 7 .5 0 2 0 3 .0 0 1 9 0 . 5 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 19 7 .5 0 2 0 3 .5 0 1 9 0 . 5 0 - 2 1 3 . 0 0

_

_
-

283
274

4 0 . 0 16 8 .5 0 17 2 .5 0 1 5 8 . 5 0 - 1 8 3 . 0 0
4 0 . C 1 6 8 .5 0 17 2 .5 0 1 5 8 . 5 0 - 1 8 3 . 0 0
40.0
1310' 0
7 .0

*19

1

-

-

13 9 .5 0 1 3 1 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . 5 0 DRAFTSMENj GLASS C
j
j
13 8 .5 0

*

-

2

4

8

7

8

10

8

3

6

10

5

5

11

3
3

2
2

9
9

6
6

10
9

3
3

16
14

38
37

55
50

35
34

24
24

6
6

_
~

-

_

“

■ -

8
8

-

“
-

15
15

u
ii

39
37

48
48

64
59

65
63

20
28

12
12

6
6

2
1

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

*

2

1
35

ts

W EN
OM
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

105
90

* Workers were distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end o f tablei




39 .5
40.0

16 2 .5 0 15 7 .5 0 1 4 9 . 0 0 - 1 7 7 . 5 0
16 0 .5 0 15 5 .5 0 1 4 7 . 5 0 - 1 7 4 . 0 0

_

_

_

_

9 at $ 280 to $ 300; 7 at $ 300 to $ 320; and 3 at $ 320 and over.

2
2

9
9

17
15

31
28

15
11

5
4

6
2

14
T a b le A - 3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

c o m b in e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st udied on an a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , Ci nci nna ti , O h io - K y . —
Ind., F e b r u a r y 1971)
A vera ge

O c c u p a t io n and i nd us t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber
of
workers

W eek ly
W eek ly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O cc u p a t io n and in du st ry d i v i s i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI E S ---------------------------

A verage

191
80
111
32

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0

$
1 01 .50
95.50
1 05 .50
1 3 5 .0 0

Num ber
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

TYPI ST S, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

406
228
178

39.0
39.0
39.0

$
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
95.50

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

2,7 3 8
1,701
1,037
157

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

1 34 .00
13 7 .5 0
1 28 .50
142 .00

TY PIS TS , CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------------------

1,540
388
1, 152
50

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

89.50
94.00
88.00
90.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

127
71
56

38.5
39.0
37.5

1 60 .00
1 5 9 .0 0
16 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

545
243
302

38.5
39.5
38.0

1 41 .50
14 6 .5 0
13 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

848
508
340
68

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

14 0 .0 0
14 5 .5 0
1 31 .50
15 4 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

115
63
52

39.0
39.5
38.5

16 1 .0 0
16 4 .0 0
15 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S ---------------------------

1,218
879
339
64

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 12 .00
1 23 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

236
129
107

39.5
39.5
39.0

1 3 4 .5 0
142 .00
1 26 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

92
50

39.5
39.5

1 13 .50
1 01 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------------------

88

39.0

2 0 7 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

147
78
69

39.0
40.0
38.0

1 75 .00
1 8 2 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

73
52

39.5
39.0

2 56 .50
2 41 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

121
66
55

40.0
4 0.0
40.0

2 27 .00
2 47 .50
2 02 .00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

371
349

40.0
40.0

193 .00
1 93 .50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

517
504

40.0
40.0

163 .50
1 63 .50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

273
255

4 0 .0 12 7 .0 0
4 0 . C 12 6 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------

76

38.0

1 1 7 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

236
111
125

3 9.0
39.5
39.0

98.00
1 0 4 .5 0
92.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

610
4 04
206

39.5
39.5
39.0

1 37 .50
1 4 4 .0 0
12 4 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI E S ---------------------------

1,024
562
46 2
63

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

10 5 .0 0
11 1 .5 0
97.50
10 0 .5 0

CLERKS, FI L E, CLASS A --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

117
72

39.5
39.5

99.50
94.50

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

287
56
231

39.0
39.5
38.5

86.00
91.00
85.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------------

1,029
6 74
355
62

38.5
38.5
38.5
40.0

1 02 .50
10 1 .5 0
10 3 .5 0
1 26 .50

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

358
67
291

39.0
40.0
39.0

80.00
80.50
80.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

691
435
256

39.5
39.5
39.0

1 20 .00
1 2 3 .0 0
11 4 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

914
535
379

39.5
39.5
39.5

1 16 .00
11 6 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

CLASS A --------

73

39.0

1 25 .00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

121
92

39.0
39.0

1 03 .00
98.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LI TI E S ---------------------------

320
24 7
73
26

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

11 9 .5 0
1 20 .50
11 6 .0 0
1 20 .00

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

425
217
208

39.0
39.5
39.0

99.00
1 03 .00
95.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

303
137
166

39.5
40.0
39.0

1 0 3 .0 0
10 7 .0 0
99.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

94
71

1 1 2 . 0 0 i TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------1 1 3 .5 0
11 1 .5 0
1 3 1 . 0 0 TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------98.50
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------1 03 .00
93.50
97.50

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

See f o otn ote at end o f ta bl es




SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

53

197
86
111

39.5
39.5

o
o

772
424
348
91

CONTINUED

$
88.50
91.00
86.50
1 0 2 .0 0

1 01 .00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

W eekly
earnings *
(standard)

39.0
39.5
38.0
40.0

39.5

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

395
164
231
31

58

380
129
251
30

O ccu p at io n and ind ustry di vi si on

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI E S ---------------------------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

A verage
Number
of
workers

39.0
39.5
38.5

1 33 .00
1 35 .00

1 1 3 .0 0

98.00
97.50
98.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

--------------------------------------------------

52

40.0

99.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

123
107

39.5
40.0

1 58 .00
155 .50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

T a b le A -3 a .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — la rg e e s t a b lis h m e n t s — m e n a nd w o m e n

c o m b in e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st udied in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , Cinci nna ti, Ohicr-Ky. —Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1971)
A vera ge

O cc u p a t io n and in du st ry d i v i s i o n

N um ber
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard]

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

3 12
244
68

39.5
39.5
39.0

$
14 2 .5 0
1 47 .00
12 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

491
325
166

39.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

1 01 .00

39.0
38.5

88.00
86.50

CLERKS, FI L E, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

139
111

39.0
39.0

82.00
83.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

329
299

39.5
39.5

12 4 .0 0
1 22 .00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

171
141

39.5
39.5

12 1 .5 0
1 23 .50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

159
113

39.0
39.0

1 08 .50
10 1 .0 0

39.0
39.5

$
16 2 .0 0
16 7 .5 0

319
150
169

3 8 .5 1 5 2 .5 0
3 9 . C 1 56 .50
3 8 .0 1 49 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

168
91
77

39.5
39.5
39.5

14 0 .0 0
14 9 .0 0
130 .00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -—

619
459
160

39.5
39.5
39.0

1 4 6 .0 0
1 49 .00
1 3 7 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

948
774
174

39.0
39.0
38.5

1 2 9 . CO
13 1 .0 0
1 21 .50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

753
596
157

38.5
38.5
39.0

1 03 .00
1 0 2 .0 0
1 06 .50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -

'555
364
191

39.5
39.5
38.5

1 2 1 .0 0
1 25 .00
114 .00

62

39.5

12 8 .0 0

83
56

39.5
39.0

461
288
173

3 9 . C 1 03 .50
3 9 . 5 1 C 9 .0 0
39.0
94.50

MESSENGERS tOFFICE BOYS AND GIR LS) MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

259
142
117
25

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1,960
1,425
535

See fo o tn o te s at end o f tabl es .




11 4 .0 0
1 1 6 . OC SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------11 2 .5 0

3 9 . C 91.50
39.5
92.50
38.0
90.50
4 0 .0 10 3 .0 0
39.0
39.0
38.5

14 0 .0 0
14 1 .0 0
1 37 .00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------TRANSCRIBING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL--------------------------------------------------------

53

o

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

W eek ly
earnings *
(standard)

97
52

*

39.5
39.5
39.0

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

38.5

o

222
109
113

O cc up at io n and in dus tr y d i v i s i o n

$
1 7 2 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

A verage
Number
of
worker*

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

91

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

10 9 .5 0
114 .00
1 00 .50

176
129

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
74

CLASS A

FILE,

SECRETARIES -

Number
of

SECRETARIES, CLASS A

CLERKS, FI L E, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

CLERKS,

A verage

O cc u p a t io n and in du st ry d i v i s i o n

CLASS C --------------

76

39.5

11 6 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------------------

81

39.0

2 0 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

111
53
58

39.0
40.0
38.5

1 73 .00
1 77 .50
1 69 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
8USINESS, CLASS A ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

71
50

39.5
39.0

2 5 7 .5 0
2 4 2 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

104
51
53

40.0
40.0
40.0

2 26 .50
2 5 0 .5 0
2 0 3 .0 0

1C7.CC

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

208
198

40.0
40.0

19 7 .0 0
1 9 7 .5 0

11 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

290
280

40.0
40.0

16 8 .5 0
16 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

121
106

40.0
40.0

1 37 .00
1 37 .00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

105
90

39.5
40.0

16 2 .5 0
160 .50

1 1 1 .0 0

81

38.5

1 0 4 . CO

TYPI ST S, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

261

61

39.0
39.0
39.0

1 06 .50
10 8 .5 0
10 0 .0 0

TYPI ST S, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

520
278
242

38.5
39.0
38.0

92.00
96.50
86.50

200

16
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for select ed occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., February 1971)
Number of w ork ers re ceiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
*
$
i
3 . 2 0 3. 3 0 3 .40 3 . 5 0 3. 6 0 3. 7 0 3. 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 60 4 . 8 0

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
$
$
$
$
2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3. 0 0 3 . 1 0

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$
$
$
i
i
5 .00 5 . 2 0 5 . 4 0 5 . 6 0 5 . 8 0

and
$
2.7C under
2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20

3. 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 .5 0 3 . 6 0

3 .7 0 3 . 8 0 4 .0 0

4 . 2 0 4.4C 4 . 6 0 4 80 5 . 0 0

5 .20 5 . 4 0 5 . 6 0 5 . 8 0 over

M
EN
CARPENTERSt MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

161
109
52
33

$
4.52
4.35
4.88
3.94

$
4.32
4.37
3.97
3. 9 1

$
3.853.683.883.85-

$
4.88
4.84
6.22
3. 9 6

-

3
3

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

1

_
-

_
~

_

_
-

_

_
~

_

12
12

6
6

8
8

-

41
9
32
31

8
7
1

16
14
2
2

3
3
~

19
18
1

7
7
~

3
3

19
19
_

~
”

89
66
23

37
35
2
2

48
36
12
12

30
30
-

42
42
-

114
114
-

16
6

62
62

26
26

_
-

12
12

_

1
1

155
155

8
8

93
93

-

”

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

4

-

46
35
11
-

43
43
~

2

6
6
“

6
6

“

63
59
4
4

64
46
18
18

22

104
103
l
-

2

-

-

_

4
4

14
2

10
“

24
24

21
13

30
29

37
37

15
15

140
134

3
2

25
12

19
19

23
22

28
26

13
12

2
2

7
4

28
27

3
2

34
30

41
40

13
13

3
3

55
55

702
625
77
61

4.54
4.57
4.30
4.27

4.52
4.55
4.25
4.29

4.014.014.014.05-

5. 0 5
5.20
4.40
4.40

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

405
358

4.71
4.78

4.84
4.84

4 . 3 8 - 5.05
4 . 4 6 - 5. 21

_
“

“

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

254
226

4.03
4.08

4.02
4.05

3 . 4 6 - 4. 6 1
3 .4 9 - 4.64

2
2

1
1

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

335
289

3.55
3.58

3. 5 2
3.54

3 .2 8 - 4.10
3 .2 4 - 4.12

4
4

30
30

-

4
4

11
11

14
14

25
25

33
16

28
2

97
95

1
“

-

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

654
654

4.62
4.62

4.55
4.55

4 . 4 7 - 5.40
4 . 4 7 - 5.40

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

2
2

4
4

29
29

3
3

6
6

48
48

60
60

6
6

332
332

-

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

499
475

4.45
4.48

4.55
4.57

3 .9 9 - 4.87
4 .0 2 - 4.88

_
“

_

_

_

_
“

_
~

_
“

10
10

36
36

5

32
32

_

~

42
35

44
34

4C
38

78
78

34
34

77
77

8
8

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

842
355
487
429

4.38
4.18
4.53
4.55

4.26
4 . 14
4.58
4.71

3.973.784.174.00-

4.94
4.27
4.97
4.99

_
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

906
885

4.24
4.25

4.22
4.22

3 .8 1 - 4.39
3 .8 2 - 4.39

-

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

311
311

4.61
4.61

5. 3 1
5. 3 1

3 . 6 7 - 5. 41
3 . 6 7 - 5. 41

_

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

248
121
127

4.03
4.42
3.66

3. 88
4.38
3.38

3 .3 6 - 4.38
3 .7 6 - 4.69
3 .3 3 - 4.22

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

468
466

4.75
4.75

4.81
4.81

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

68
62

4.71
4.77

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

604
604

4.87
4.87

* Workers we re distributed as follows:
See footnotes at end o f tables,




_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

“

-

_

_
7
4
3

-

12

"

38
38

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

8
5
3

3
3
-

1

_
-

4 . 5 2 - 5 .2 6
4 . 5 3 - 5.26

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.68
4.95

4.434.53-

5 .2 6
5.28

_

_

4.87
4.87

4 . 3 9 - 5. 6 1
4 . 3 9 - 5. 61

_

14 at $6 .8 0 to $ 7 ,

1

-

and 2 at $ 7 to $7 .2 0.

_

_

_

-

2

2

2

_

-

_

-

3
3

57

101

55
55

8
8

19
19

66
66

117
116

80
80

276
268

2
2

28
28

28
28

51
51

8
8

94
94

_

26
26

2
2

68
68

5
5

7
7

34
34

3
3

2
2

-

_

_

76
76

86
86

8
6
2

4
4
-

22
11
11

1
1

58
22
36

1
1
-

30
30
-

2
2
~

_
“
-

13
13
■

_
-

28
28

-

21
21

18
18

10
8

28
28

55
55

18
18

102
102

6
6

6
-

i
i

15
15

3
3

2
2

10
10

9
9

13
13

99

112
112

e

55

99

8

55

_
-

_

10
8
2

~

“

-

-

_

-

-

6
6

7
7

_

_

2
2
3
3

7
7

6
6

2
2

-

-

24
24

_
-

_

41
41
-

_
-

117
19
98
98

17
17

58
2
56

-

4
4

29
29
18

3
3

11
11

-

_

16
~
*16

30
30

ELECTRICIANS! MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

_
-

1
l

-

-

80
59
21
21

5
5

_

_

-

-

2

5

2

5

14
14

120
31
89
89

147
130
17
2

no

13

13

66

44

-

66

66

43

n o
n o

101

101

89
89

11
10
1

65

-

12
12

-

18

2

158

6

18

2

158

6

65

-

17
T a b le A -4 a .

M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s — la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
-

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 wo rke rs o r m o r e by m a j o r industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— y —
K
Ind., February 1971)
Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woiicers

Mean ^

Median

c

Middle range ^

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
S
s
$
$
t
i
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
S
$
$
*
i
2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3. 2 0 3. 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 5 0 3. 60 3.7C 3 . 8 0 A.0 0 A . 20 A. A0 A.6 0 A . 80 5. 0 0 5 .2 0 5. 4 0 5. 6 0 5. 8 0
Under
$
and
and
2 . 7 0 under
2.80 2.90

3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3. 4 0 3 . 5 0 3 . 6 0 3. 70 3 . 8 0 A.0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 A . 60 A.8 0 5 . 0 0 5. 2 0 5 •AC 5 . 6 0 5 . 8 0

over

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

132
9A

$
A . 31
4.39

33

3.9A

3.91

0
0
i

M
EN
$
$
3 . 8 A - A . 78
3 .7 0 - 4.89

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

572
512
60
55

A . 62
4.64
4. A3
A . 27

A . 55
A . 56
4.33
4.32

4.094.164.05A . 04-

5. 2 5
5.28
4.88
4.69

_
~

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

16A
151

A . 70
A . 76

4.63
4.67

A . 14- 5 . 3 4
4 . 2 3 - 5. 3 6

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING ------------------

1A7
131

A . 17
A . 21

4.09
A . 09

3 . 5 4 - A . 74
3 .5 5 - 4.76

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING --------------------

271
225

3. 4 3
3.44

3. 4 9
3.52

3.233.15-

3. 5 7
3. 5 8

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

567
567

4.75
4.75

4.56
A . 56

4.524.52-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

3 AA
322

4.47
4.51

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

341
108
233
213

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

12
12

A
4

8
8

41
9

s
O

$
A.0A
A . 38

4
3

16
1A

3
3

13
12

7
7

3
3

19
19

31
_
-

_

_

1
1
1

-

“

-

2
2
~

A
2
2
2

6
6
-

-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

A
A

6
2

3
2

A
-

5
5

13
12

24
2A

1

29
29
-

-

2

16
16
-

52
48
A
A

46
28
18
18

83
66
17
16

101
100
1
“

31
29
2
2

22
10
12
12

20
20
-

42
42

114
114

_
-

-

12
12

21
13

21
21

12
12

15
15

16
16

7
6

18
18

26
26

-

A
A

~

3
1

24
23

3
2

10
6

29
28

13
13

-

”

12
12

-

-

-

3
3

-

30
30

30
30

24
24

6
6

332
332

-

*

-

1
1

155
155

8
8

T

42
35

44
34

38
38

78
78

10
10

-

A
A

93
93

-

-

_
~

41
41

_

-

“

-

_
-

8
8

9A

*

~

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

_

-

-

*

A
A

30
30

-

A
A

11
11

1A

14

16
16

33
16

28
2

97
95

1
-

-

5. 4 2
5. 4 2

_

_
*

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

_

“

-

8
8

1
1

-

A . 52
A . 53

4 . 0 2 - 5. 2 1
4 . 0 5 - 5. 21

-

_

_

_

_

10
10

_
~

5
“

20
20

_

4.39
4.45
4.36
A . 38

A. 1A
A. 15
A. 14
3.99

3.873.823.903.89-

5. 0 5
5.30
5. 0 3
5.03

_
-

3
3

5
5

6
6

27
6
21
21

2
2
-

116
27
89
89

23
6
17
2

16
7
9
7

6
6
3

2
2
2

9
-

496
A93

4.49
4.49

A . 33
A . 33

4 . 0 0 - 4.85
4 .0 0 - 4.85

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

311
311

A . 61
A . 61

5. 31
5. 31

3.673.67-

5. 41
5.41

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

12 A
10A

A . 39
A . 50

4.34
A . 38

3 .8 0 - 4.69
3 . 8 3 - A . 79

_

5
A

_

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

377
377

A . 75
A . 75

A . 64
4.64

4 . 5 2 - 5. 2 9
4 .5 2 - 5.29

_
-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

58
52

A . 65
A . 72

A . 58
A . 62

4 . 0 8 - 5.29
4 . 5 2 - 5.38

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

414
414

5.07
5.07

5. 0 6
5. 0 6

4.814.81-

See footnotes at end o f tables




5. 6 4
5. 6 4

2
-

_

“

-

-

_
-

_
-

~

9

3
3

11
11

3
3

19
19

1A
1A

73
72

3
3

201
199

2
2

28
28

28
28

7
7

2
2

_

26
26

2
2

68
68

5
5

7
7

34
34

3
3

2
2

_

“

-

76
76

86
86

-

“

_

_

8
6

A
4

21
10

1
*

22
22

l
1

22
22

2
2

13
13

_

-

10
8

-

-

1
-

_

-

“

ii
10

6
6

7
7

_

28
28

_

12
12

9
9

8
8

2
2

102
102

65
65

-

110

28
28

-

~

“

2
2

2
2

_

_

6

6

-

6

15
15

3
3

_
~

9
9

12
12

-

-

i
i

2

-

A
4

2
2

5
5

8
8

10
10

A2
42

12
12

8

89
89

3
3

2

2
2

_

-

-

-

2
2
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

*

85
5
80
80

-

_

_
-

_
-

_

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

n o

8

9

2
55
55

"

94

2

~

158
158

6
6

18
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis by industry division , Cincinnati, Ohio— y —Ind., F ebru ary 1971)
K
Hourly earnings3

S ex, occu pation , and industry division

Number
of
woifeers

Num ber o f w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings o f—
$
$
1 . 6 0 1. 7 0

M e an 2

Mec

-i2

Middle range 2

and
under

1. 80

$
S
$
1. 90 2 . 0 0 2 . 10

%
2 .20

s
$
$
$
%
2 . 3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0

%

i

3. 2 0

s
s
$
$
t
$
j
s
$
3. 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 .4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5. 0 0

-

and

1. 8 0 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2. 10 2 . 2 0

2

30 2 . 4 0 2 .5 0 2 .60 2 . 8 0

3. 0 0 3 . 2 0

3. 4 0 3 . 6 0

3 .8 0

o
o

1.70

%

4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 .6 0 4 . 8 0 5. 0 0

MEN

1.85

$
1.8 7
3.55
1.7 5

$
1.7 0 2 .8 2 1 .6 6 -

$
3.14
3.96
1.86

3.64

3.77

3 .2 7 -

3.98

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

1,70 7
594

$
2.38
3.38

1,11 3

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING ----

428

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING

444
8
436

247
247

240
4
236

64
12
52

38
25
13

8
1
7

41
37
4

38
38

2
1
1

20
12
8

-

-

4

-

1

1

25

-

1

-

43
41
2

70
51
19

43
35
8

74
66
8

9
4
5*

99
83
16

1 15
103
12

36
35
1

38
38
~

38
38
“

~

“

6

32

25

54

3

83

103

16

36

38

-

-

-

166

2.71

2 .6 7

2 .0 9 -

3.07

8

-

-

12

24

12

-

-

12

35

19

10

12

1

-

19

2

-

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------

3,73 0
1 ,94 4

2 .5 9
3.16

2.63
3.20

1 .7 8 2 .8 1 -

3.23
3.51

1.6 72 .6 3 -

139
21
118
-

163
14
149
-

94
45
49
5

65
20
45
7

73
41
32
2

64
40
24
14

307
254
53
29

293
238
55
39

272
264
8
i

450
427
23
11

111
91
20
4

56
40
16
~

196
194
2
2

220
220
-

-

-

2.91

2.13
3.27

71
71
-

-

1.78

133
3
130
-

19

1.97
3.0 6

360
6
354
-

-

1 ,78 6

644
26
618

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

3,33 3
2,45 6

3.33
3.22
3.38

2 .8 7 2 .8 5 3 .2 5 -

_
-

10
10
-

30
20
10

25
23
2

40
18
22

16
8
8

58
55
3

168
86
82

228
177
51

31
30
1

112
111
1

271
267
4

399
394
5

491
188
303
80

81
46
35
-

270
254
16
2

482
405
77
60

76
62
14
-

208
208
-

-

243
243
243

84
84

ORDER FILLERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

_
~

_
-

_
-

6
6
-

_
-

20
8
12

13
3
10

97
1
96

41
32
9

8
8
-

62
36
26

425
110
315

143
43
100

202
6
196

_
-

195
130
65

_

_
-

14
14
“

20
9
u

15
15
“

9
9

_
-

6
6

22
4
18

12
12

27
15
12

75
56
19

270
243
27

115
115

103
2
101

18

12
12
“

"

-

18

4
4
“

~

~

“

"

17
3
14

7
7

_
-

14
14

16
16

5
5
“

1
1
-

76
58
18

109
82
27

209
177
32

40
13
27

12
7
5

18
18

20
20

2
2

~

4
4
*

-

13
1

2
2

3
2

3
3

36
31

14
2

17
11

15
12

4
i

4
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

“

-

305 1142
6
31
299 1111
299 m i

-

193

_

-

45

91
28
63
63

_
-

133

3.40

3.86
3.84

-

385

3.33
3.60
4.3 7

4 .8 2

3 .8 2 -

4.86

1,226
397
829

3.40
3.56
3.32

3.36
3.39
3.34

3 .2 2 3 .2 1 3 .2 2 -

3.68
4.11
3.64

_
~

_
-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

713
507

3 .0 7
3.04
3.14

3.10
3.09

2 .9 7 2 .9 8 -

3.42

2 .9 2 -

3.30
3.21
3.49

4
4
-

_
-

1
1

206

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

564
393
171

3.32
3.37
3.22

3.41
3.42
3.39

3 .1 8 3 .2 8 2 .5 9 -

3.49
3-48
3.63

_
-

_
-

_
-

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

113
71

3.40
3.47

3.39
3.29

3 .2 2 3 .2 4 -

3.70
3.82

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

149
99

3.05
3.17

2.97
2.99

2 .9 1 -

3.30
3.34

50

2.82

2.77

TRUCKORIVERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

3,45 0
970
2,48 0

4 .2 2
3.87
4.3 6

4 .3 5
4.0 1
4 .6 7

4 .0 0 -

4.92
4.22
4.9 4

1,53 9

4 .8 2

4.9 3

4 .7 0 -

4.97

399

3.82
3.37

3.99

157

3.51

3 .0 3 2 .9 8 -

4.65
3.91

584

3.81
3.73

3.65
3.68

3 .3 4 -

275
309

3 .3 1 -

4 .5 0
4.08

N O N M A N U F AC T U R IN G

----------------------------------------------

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
ANU INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------

See footn otes at end o f tables




877

137

3 .8 8
4.6 7

3.43
4.6 9

2 .9 5 2 .4 9 3 .9 0 3 .5 8 -

3 .3 5 4 .6 1 -

4.81

_

_

_

_

2
2
-

_

12
12
-

_

4.67

19
19
10
1C
-

“

14

5

10

14

2 .9 7

4.95

-

5

10

66
54
12

15
14
i

15
15
-

9
8
i

7
2
5

1
1

i
i

4
4
“

2
2
“

28
14
14
5

48
43
5
5

88
84
4
i

390
59
331
“

62
33
29
5

113
101
12
“

294
126
168
~

600
252
348
25

59
39
20
~

256
168
88
88

ii
n

11
11

11
11

_
-

8
8

2
2
-

19
12
7

2
2

1
1

_
-

ii

11

11
“

_

4

2
2

7
~

2

1
”

14
14

28
28

26
26

5
4

17
17

24
24

42
42

1
_

_

_

“

'

'

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
12
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9

15
15
-

44
41

147
15
132

29
5
24

62
62
-

8
8
-

102
77
25
25

_

16
12
4
4

_
-

_
-

4
4

3

-

45
45

19
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b asis by industry division , C incinnati, Ohio— y.—
K
Ind., F ebru ary 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings3

S ex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
wo liters

s

$

$

1 .6 0
M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

1 .7 0

and
under

_

1 .8 0
_

1 .7 0 1 .8 0

M
EN -

t

$

s
*
$
s
$
s
s
*
s
$
s
$
$
*
s
s
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0
_

s

_

t

_

_

_

_

_

and

1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

5 .0 0

ov e r

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

1 ,3 9 8
189
1 ,2 0 9
877

$
4 .5 6
3 .8 8
4 .6 7
4 .9 1

$
4 .9 1
3 .9 9
4 .9 2
4 .9 4

$
4 .1 0 3 .8 1 4 .1 9 4 .9 2 -

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------

516

3 .9 5

4 .1 7

3 . 2 6 - 4 .5 3

1 ,5 0 0
1 ,2 9 7
203
63

3 .4 7
3 .4 1
3 .8 5
4 .7 8

3 .3 1
3 .2 6
3 .7 5
4 .8 5

2 . 9 5 - 3 .9 0
2 . 9 1 - 3 .8 9
3 . 6 2 - 4 .8 1

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ------------------------------------------------

117

3 .3 8

3 .3 4

1, 108
90
1 ,0 1 8
79

1 .8 9
2 .3 1
1 .8 5
2 .4 0

1 .8 1
2 .2 5
1 .8 0
2 .5 3

1 .6 8 1 .9 9 1 .6 7 2 .2 3 -

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

409
312

2 .5 9
2 .6 6

2 .5 0
2 .5 7

2 . 3 6 - 3 .0 2
2 . 3 4 - 3 .0 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

20
20

-

42
42
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

27

-

-

3

198

-

2 04
204
-

2 08
190
18

1 06

WM
O EN

See footnotes at end o f tables.




1 .9 2
2 .7 2
1 .8 8
2 .5 8

359
359
16

151

314

42
17
25
3

45
14
31

30
30

38
11
27
3

28
13
15
3
13
12

67
53

1
1
1
1

3 15
3 15
-

3 . 2 8 - 3 .3 9

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

34
34

rS
1
.*
*
0
0
-J

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

-r
*

$
4 .9 6
4 .0 7
4 .9 6
4 .9 7

13
13

87
87

102
4
4

13

1
12
6

114
24
90

1

220 200
68
52
168

132

34
14

20

-

69

-

125
125
—
”

46
40

2 06
2 06
“

6

20
20
20
220
-

67

6

61
61

-

'

799
3
796
796

20
58
“
58
58

_
“

-

2
1
21

20
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b li s h m e n t s

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied in establishm ents em ploying 500 w ork ers o r m ore by industry division , Cincinnati, O h io-K y .—
Ind. , F ebru ary 1971)

See footn otes at end o f tables.




2 1

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t ic e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

T a b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n tr a n c e s a la rie s f o r w o m e n

o ffic e w o r k e r s

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io —K y .—I n d . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 1 )
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M i n im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 4

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

3 7V 2

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i ng

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —
40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3 7 V2

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d -------------------------------------------------------------

211

97

XXX

1 14

XXX

XXX

211

97

XXX

114

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m -----------------------------

84

47

37

37

11

21

94

53

43

41

11

25

2
3
5
12
2
13
2
17
2
7
6
6
2
2
3
2
1

2
1
2
6
7
1
13
5
3
3
2

1
2
6
4
1
10
5
2
3
2

-

-

2
2
1

2
2
1

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

6 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------6 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 ________________________________________
6 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 --------------------------- --------------------------------7 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------7 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------7 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 ---------------------------------------------- -------------7 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 .0 0 ________________________________________
8 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------8 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------8 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------8 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------9 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------9 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------9 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------9 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------1 0 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 --------------------------------------------------------1 0 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 --------------------------------------------------------1 0 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 7 .5 0 --------------------------------------------------------1 0 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 1 0 .0 0 --------------------------------------------------------1 1 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 1 2 .5 0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------1 1 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 1 5 .0 0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------1 1 5 .0 0 a n d o v e r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

1
2
1
1
1

1
4
1

-

-

4
1
-

2
3
4
8
2
10
3
20
2
6
6
5
2
1
1

2
1
2
3
7
2
13
4
3
3
2

1
2
3
4
2
10
4
2
3
2

2
2
5
2
3
1
7
2
2
3
2

-

2
1
1
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2
3
6
2
6
1
4
2
2
3
3

1
2
1
1
4
1
1
-

1
5
1
1
2
1
1
3
3

-

-

-

2
1

-

-

-

2
1
-

-

2

1

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
4

-

-

-

~

~

-

-

1

-

-

-

~

2

-

2

1
2

-

2

1
1
5

-

1
2

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

2

3

-

3

----------------------------------

42

19

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

60

28

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d i d n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

85

31

XXX

54

XXX

XXX

57

16

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

$
$

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f t a b le s .




-

-

1
-

-

22




T a b le

B -2 .

S h ift d iffe r e n tia ls

( L a t e - s h if t p a y p r o v i s io n s f o r m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e and a m o u n t o f p a y d i ff e r e n t i a l,
C in c in n a t i, O h io — y .— n d ., F e b r u a r y 1971)
K
I
^ A ll_ £ la n £ ^ o r lQ £ rs _ in _ jn a n u fa c tu r in g _ = ^ 0 0 _ g e rc e n t^
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g pla n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s io n

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s havin g p r o v i s io n s 7
f o r la te s h ifts
S e c o n d s h ift

T o t a l_____________________________________________

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

94 .3

8 6 .6

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on la te s h ifts

S e c o n d s h ift

19.2

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

4 .2

N o p a y d i ff e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n la t e s h i f t _______

5.6

5.9

0.3

0.1

P a y d i ff e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n la t e s h i f t __________

8 8 .7

80 .7

18.9

4 .0

52 .5

4 6 .3

9.5

2 .7

T y p e an d a m o u n t o f d iff e r e n t ia l:
U n ifo r m c e n t s (p e r h o u r ) __________________
5 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s - -------------------„
. --------------7 c e n t s ------------------------------------- - -----7 V2 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ________ _____________________ ____
10 c e n t s — .
---------------11 c e n t s ----------------- --------- ------ -- __ — —
12 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------I 2 V2 , 13, 13V3,
14 c e n t s ----------------15 c e n t s ____________________________________
I 5 V4 o r I 5 V3 c e n t s __ ____________________
16 o r 17 c e n t s -------------- -------------- _
18 c e n t s _________________ ____ _ _
20 c e n t s _________________ _____ ----2 1 , 212
/s, 23, o r 24 c e n t s ----------------------25 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------30 c e n t s __ ___
_ ------—
-- _
O v e r 30 c e n t s _________________________ —
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ----------------------------------5 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------- -----------7 o r 7 V2 p e r c e n t -------------------8 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ----------------- ----------------------------12 o r 15 p e r c e n t --------------------------- —
2 0 p e r c e n t _________________________________
25 p e r c e n t _________________________________
O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i ff e r e n t i a l ---------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .

_

3.1
1.4
3.1
1.2
.9
12.5
3.5
9.3
3.3
5 .4
1.5
1.1
2.5
.5
.6
2 .7
-

.5
5 .4
2.4
6 .8
3.7
11.9
.9
1.9
.5
3.2
4 .2
3 .7
1.3

35 .0
11.4
1.7
1.9
16.0
-

.7

_

-

-

.4
.1
.2
1.3
1.2
2.4
.6
.7
.6
.2

.4

(8 )
.3
.4
.8
-

.1
.1

.1
.1
.5
-

.5
(8 )

2 7 .7

9 .2

1.0

.8
20 .4
2.5

4 .8
.6
.7
2.2
-

.9
-

3 .3

3 .3

.6

.6

.7
.1

o
(8 )

1.1

6 .7

.1

.4

.3

-

23

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s by s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.— n d ., F e b r u a r y 1971)
K
I
P lan t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------

100

3
(9 )
7
(9 )
84
1

3
'1

S ee fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le s .




M an u factu rin g

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

2
4
(9 )
90
1
2

97
3

A ll in d u s tr ie s

100

1
3
28
6
62
(9 )

i9)

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

(9 )
22
3
75

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

(9 )
1
97

24

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n o f plant and o f fi c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m ber o f paid h o lid a y s p r o v id e d ann ually, C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.— d ., F e b r u a r y 1971)
K
In
P lan t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
paid h o l id a y s ______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no paid h o l id a y s __________________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

96

99

100

100

2

1

4

(9)

“

-

2
1

(9)
16
1
2
(9)
9
6
1
18
2
26
16
1
1
1
( 9)

-

-

15
( 9)
1
23
( 9)
22
6
3
4
3

.
8
1
3
~
8
(9)
1
25
( 9)
32
6
4
7
5

10
1
2
4
1
1
19
3
33
23
1
2
1

4
8
3
2
3

3
7
11
11
16
38
38
61
61
79
80
97
97
98

5
11
16
16
21
54
54
79
79
90
91
99
99
99

N u m ber o f d ays
L e s s than 6 h o l id a y s ______________________________
6 h o l id a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day_________________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------6 h o lid a y s plus 3 and 4 h a lf d a y s ____________ —
7 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day___________________ ____
7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
8 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 and 2 h a lf d a y s ------------------------9 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ____________________ 11 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
13 h o lid a y s __________________________________________

2
17
1
3

14
1
55
5
18
"

61
1
18

“

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 1
0
13 d a y s ______________________________________________
12 d a y s o r m o r e _________________ ________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e __
______________________________
10V2 d ays o r m o r e _________________________________
10 d ays o r m o r e ____________________________________
9 d ays o r m o r e _____________________________________
8 V d ays o r m o r e __________________________________
2
8 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
7 V d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------2
7 d ays o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------6 V d ays o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------2
6 d ays o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------5 d ays o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

18
24
24
79
79
93
94
96
96
96

(9)
1
2
3
19
46
47

66
72
83
84
98
98
99

1
3

-

4

-

4

27
61
63
83
84
90
90
100
100
100

18
19
19
80
82
87
96
100
100
100

25

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n of plant and o f fi c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is io n s , C in cin n a ti, O hio— y. — n d ., F e b r u a r y 1971)
K
I
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s

-------- ------------------------- ----------

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
90
8
1

99
86
13
1

100
100

100
97
3
a
s

100
94
6
. -

100
100

1

1

-

-

-

-

9
23
3
(9)

13
19
4
"

35
•

2
52
7
2

3
54
5
-

46
1
-

1
66
3
27
1
2

1
66
3
26
1
2

_
81
7
8

(9)
20

4

77
(9 )
3

(9 )
13
85
•
1

40
4
50
1
4

46
5
42
1
5

30
6
59
1
4

2
(9 )
94
(9 )
3

3
(9 )
95
-

-

2

-

5
7
74
9
5

5
10
66
12
6

89
7
4

(9 )
91
3
6

(9 )
90
6
3

-

5
6
74
9
5

4
10
66
13
6

89
7
4

(9)

(9 )

-

-

91
3
6

90
6
3

100
-

1
72
6
20
1

66
8
24
1

(9 )
77
2
20
-

(9 )
66
4
29
“

100
“

M ethod o f paym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s - ------------- --------------------------------L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m en t------------------------------------------O th e r ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p aid v a c a t io n s ---------------------------------------------------

-

.

-

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 1
1
A f t e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------------1 w e e k -----O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------

-

_

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------1 w eek ----------------------------- --------------- -------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s - ---------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

61
-

39
-

-

A f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ------------------- -------------3 w e e k s ---------------------.------------------------------------------------

7
93

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s --------- -----------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------- -----------------------O v e r 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

100
"

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------- ---------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s . — ------ -- ---------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------- — ------------------------------------ ----------------2 w e e k s ------------- ------------------ --------- ------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------- --------------------- -------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------- -------------------------S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




_

..

84
12
4
-

26

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f plan t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is io n s ,

C in cin n a ti, O h icr-K y.—
Xnd., F e b r u a r y 1971)

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u t ilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M an u factu rin g

P u b lic u tilities

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 11— C on tin u ed
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s -------------------------------------

1
17
7
62
5
7
1

.
15
11
57
7
9
1

_
~
1
2
92
5
-

(!)
(9 )
19
(’ )
65
1
15
1

(9 )
14
61
2
23
-

14
86
-

1
.
13
7
66
5
7
1

1
92
7
-

(!)
(’ )
16
1
67
1
15
1

-

.
10
10
63
7
9
1

(9 )
11
1
63
2
23
-

12
88
“

1
6
1
65
1
21
2
1

6
1
61
1
27
2
1

1
71
2
21
5
*

(!)
(9 )
6
(9 )
64
29
1
“

(9 )
6
59
34
-

12
79

1
6
1
21
1
60
2
6
1
1

6
1
18
1
62
2
8
1
1

1
.
1
87
7
4
-

(9 )
6
(9 )
17
61
14
1

.
7
14
58
21
-

12
3
84
(9 )

»
6
1
15
1
1
25
1
2

29
“

(9 )
6
(9 )
13
49
31
1

7
9
-

47

.
1
1
.
63

_

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

8

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----------- ------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

"

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 and u n d er 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




1
6
1
17
n

50
1
19
1

2

7

45

39
"

12
3
42
42

27

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s -----C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

C in cin n a ti,

O h ic r -K y .—I n d . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 1 )

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r i e s

_

_

6
1

1

(’ )

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

6

1
6
1

15

17
(’ )
45

1

23
4

1

1

,

42

1

28
4

1

-

1

44
7
47
-

6

(9 )
13
44
36

2

*

.
7
-

9
38
44

2

.

1
2
3
24

60

"

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e

1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

6

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




1
6
1
17
(9 )
45

1
2
1
6
1

_

6
1
15

1

42

1

25

8
1

1
-

1

44
7
47
-

(9 )

6

(9 )
13
43
34
4

_
7
-

9
37
“
41

6

.

1
2
3
24
60

28

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p ension p lans

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y .—I n d . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 1 )
K

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
f i n a n c in g 12

A l l w o r k e r s ______________

— _________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w _____________

O ffic e w o rk e r s

A l l in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100
100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

100

99

99

100

94

78

68

95
77

99
78

66

84

71
51

76
60

93
75

97

99

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _ -------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ________________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
____________________
i n s u r a n c e _________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------- ------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 13_____________________________

91
74

98
83

67
57

75
64

87

95

79

91

94

94

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e -------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ____ _______________
S ic k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
w a i t in g p e r i o d ) _________ ____ _______________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
__ _
w a i t in g p e r i o d ) -------- _ _ _ _ _ _ _

76
65

93
80

35
35

56
41

67
50

24
23

17

1
6

27

68

75

52

3

22

1
0

99
77
99
77
93
74
93
72
15
15
83
75

96
62
95
62

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e --------------------------- -------N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p la n s
__
------------_ ___
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________ _____ ______________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _ _ ----------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _ --------------- -- _ _____ __ _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______ _______ __ ----M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----- ------------------------------D e n t a l i n s u r a n c e _________________ ____ ____ — ___
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ------------------ ---------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------- ------- -------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




7
94
73
90
70
77
60
52
33

6
6

81
72

99
81
96
77
83

68
48
32
7
7
89
79

1

34
88
69
88
69
84

88

99
76
98
75
90

56
79
39
9
9
91
82

68

66

75
37
14
14
92
82

81
62

6
6

84
82

29

F o o tn o te s

All of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Stan dard h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at
r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s.
2 T h e m ea n is com p u ted fo r ea ch jo b b y tota lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s
p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the ra te show n. T h e m id d le ra n ge is d e fin e d b y
2 ra te s o f p a y ; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a te s and a fo u rth e a rn m o r e than the h ig h e r ra te.
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
4 T h e s e s a la r ie s re la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that a r e p a id f o r stan d ard
w o rk w e e k s.
5 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g ir l.
6 D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll stan d ard w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
In clu d es a ll plan t w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w h o s e fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r late
s h ifts , ev en though the e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts.
8 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
10 A ll c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l
o f 9 days in clu d e s th o se w ith 9 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll da ys and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll da ys and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s then
w e r e cu m u la ted .
11 In clu d es p a ym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an eq u iv a len t
tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a pa ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pa y. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r ily
and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e f le c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n g es in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e
in clu d e ch a n g es in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t io n e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' pa y o r
m o r e a fte r 10 y e a r s in clu d e s th o s e e lig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
12 E s tim a te s lis t e d a fte r type o f b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r . "N o n c o n t r ib u to r y
p la n s " in clu d e on ly th o se pla n s fin a n ce d e n t ir e ly b y the e m p lo y e r . E x clu d e d a r e le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
13 U n du plicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce sh ow n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e pla n s a r e
lim ite d to th o se w h ich d e fin ite ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pa y that can b e e x p e c t e d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e
a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x clu d e d .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l

D e s c r ip t io n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in t o a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iff e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n ts fr o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
B IL L E R .

C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G — C o n t in u e d

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c i d e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b i n a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o f t e n d o n e o n a f a n f o l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t i o n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p i n g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w it h t h e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e tc . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s a n d l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g t h e in t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t i c a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m i n in g
and v e r ify in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , li s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W it h e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .




c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o ff ic e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a cco u n tin g in fo r m a tio n .
e s f a m i l i a r w it h t h e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
bu t is n o t r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e fo r m a l

NOTE:

S i n c e th e l a s t

s u r v e y in t h is

area ,

P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

o n th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e an d ju d g m e n t, f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s
a c co u n tin g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y b e a s s is te d b y on e o r m o re
c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g t o
le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t ific a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s tin g s a re
c l e a r l y in d i c a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a n d r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s i n g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s .
CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A .
In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n
w it h th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l f i le c le r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo rm
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g t h e i t e m s t o m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w it h c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w it h o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y da ta o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t im e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s d u e. M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .

th e B u r e a u h a s d i s c o n t i n u e d c o l l e c t i n g

30

in t o l e v e l s

d a ta f o r

o ile r s

and

p lu m b e rs .

31
COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s i n c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s.
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
O p e r a te s a keyp u n ch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .
P o s itio n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

to

record

in t o l e v e l s

or v e r ify

on th e b a s is

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

o f th e fo llo w in g

d e fin itio n s .

M E S S E N G E R (O ff ic e B o y o r G ir l)
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .
SECRETARY

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e it h e r ' a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r
d.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e a nd u n d e rs ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s t h e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s ; (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
t h e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h i c h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n in d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv i d u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f t h e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

C la s s

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f t h e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e f i n i t i o n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v id e d in t o o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

C la s s

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; c>r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E ;
M a n y co m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RAPH ER, G EN E RAL
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t i n c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .)
S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y .
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s an d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in i n g f o l l o w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e tc .
D o e s n o t i n c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

in

o r p r e s id e n t)

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l )
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

oth er

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e i n d iv i d u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h i g h l y
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
(a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m i n g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t i n e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s t h e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h i c a n d t y p in g w o r k .

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n t h e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

o r p r e sid e n t)

da ta on

C la s s B .
W o rk is ro u tin e an d r e p e t it iv e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e
lit t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e t in g o f da ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a t io n .

a ll,

a ll,

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r th a n 1 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 1 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
m a c h in e

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e
k eyp u n ch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s

C la s s

o f a m a jo r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m i n g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d i t io n t o
d o in g r o u t i n e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e

32
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h i n e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n t in u e d

a s s ig n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
f u n c t i o n s t h a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s , an d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m i n g ,
o u t g o i n g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t i n e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f t h e fu n c t i o n s o f t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f t h e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a ll s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d e r s p e c i f ic in ­
s t r u c t io n s . A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e b u t ro u tin e and r e c u r r in g r e p o r t s o r p a rts
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s t h e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t io n t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e tc .
A s s ig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s . M a y p e r f o r m s im p le w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s , and d o s o m e filin g w o rk .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d i t io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p t io n is t an d m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s.
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e t h e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t i m e w h i l e at
s w itc h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t i n c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a ch in e O p e r a t o r )
T Y P IS T
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is d e f i n i t i o n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .
P o s itio n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

in t o l e v e l s

on th e b a s is

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to m a k e out b il ls a fte r c a lc u la ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y i n c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il .

d e fin itio n s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s in g
d iffic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o f t e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g
s o m e p la n n in g o f t h e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a i n i n g l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in t h e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w i r i n g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n a n d i n s e r t i o n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b i n i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

COM PU TER O PERATOR
M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d in g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w it h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in t o c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n ts t o c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b le m s and m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogra m .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter

op era tors

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s ;

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o th a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f t e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w l e d g e o f t h e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly ru n on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; t h e r e is lit t le o r n o te s tin g
o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h i n a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n . T h is u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p l y in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s ta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y i n d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l l o w i n g
d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .




C la s s C .
W o rk s o n ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in t o
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , t h e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a t a t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w l e d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a t ic s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s an d d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a t a w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u l d b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t i f ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

a s fo llo w s ;

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t i f y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p li s h e d , a nd th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p l a n s t h e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

33
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S ---- C o n t in u e d

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s an d d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a t a e l e m e n t s
to fo r m a h ig h ly in te g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

fu n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n

to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d i t io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i le n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o th a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a t a cam b e t e s t e d b y u s i n g a f e w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h
r o u tin e r e c o r d - k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta sk s u n d e r fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r

in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t io n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o , v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e le c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b l e
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d an d id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s an d c r it e r ia r e q u ir e d
to a ch ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lts ; s p e c ifie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , fi le s , and d o cu m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a t a f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s t h e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o . o b t a i n m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s t h e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

m a in t a in i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p l ie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x da ta p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w it h t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and ex p a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.
DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P l a n s t h e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s t h a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h t h e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n t h e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a rts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a ft s m e n .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t h a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t i o n o f m o s t o f t h e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e s u ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d i n g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d i n c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d ' s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s an d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s n o t i n c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c ie n t i f ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy stem s

a n a ly s ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

E L E C T R O N IC

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n it ia t e d b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a nd a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
a s s is t.

d ir e c tio n

to lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s

a n a ly sts w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d

to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s t h a t a r e
r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , an d o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d t h e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k .




P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

or

r e p e t it iv e

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .

W o rk is

clo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e f o l l o w i n g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d i f y i n g , i n s t a l l i n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u li n g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a l l o f th e f o l l o w i n g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t in g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , t u n in g , a n d a li n in g .
W o r k i s n o n r e p e t i t i v e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n i n g t o t h e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b l e a n a l y s i s ; a n d
th e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a li n e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a r ts .
E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d o n t y p i c a l l y i n c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
G ro u n d , v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a tio n a id s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t in g o r r e c o r d i n g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n i c c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r i a l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t i n g , a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
(E x c lu d e p r o d u c t io n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a ft s m e n , d e s ig n e r s , e n g in e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

34
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L ( R e g i s t e r e d ) — C o n t in u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
n ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f fe r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a t te n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D

PO W ERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d i n g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd sh o p co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r t h e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in t o m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h a s t h e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s in g t r o u b l e in
th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g
and te s tin g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p l y t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e fr ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r ste a m . F e e d s fu e ls to fir e b y han d o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in t h e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
f i n e d t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e t h a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s ,
e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M a i n t e n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l li n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r - p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
i n v o l v e s e t t i n g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in t h e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d m a in t a in i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u tt y o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p l y in g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in a n
e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g : L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a nd m e a s u r in g to lo c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d i n g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d i n g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g

35
P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTENANCE— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p re ssu res, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating system s are excluded.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
F a bricates, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required.
In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m ak er's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce sse s. In general, the tool and die m ak e r's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-in d u stry wage study purposes,
shops are excluded from this classification.

tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
order, using arm s or force where necessary.
Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of employees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR,

PO R TER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining neces­
sary records and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance service s; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e r s, and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABO R ER , M ATER IAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w are­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
cu stom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv er-sa le sm en and
o v e f-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s:
(T ra ctor-tra iler should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

ORDER FILLE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers' ord ers, or other instructions. M ay, inaddition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing ord ers, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER,

POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at n o c o s t w h i le s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n o n the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilen e, T ex.
A laska
A l b a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d ria , La.
A l p e n a , S ta n dish , and T a w a s C it y , M i c h .
A m a rillo, Tex.
Ann A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t la n t ic C it y , N.J.
A u g u s t a , G a.—S.C .
A u s t in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif .
Baton R ou g e, La.
B i l l i n g s , M o n t.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Con n.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
Cheyenne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , and H o p k i n s v i l l e , K y.
C o lo ra d o Springs, C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , Ga.—A la .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D oth an, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M in n.—W is .
S
D u r h a m , N .C .
El P a so, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. Dak.—Min n.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —O kla .
F r e d e r i c k - H a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mon t.
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n S a le m —H ig h P o i n t , N .C .
W
H arrisburg, Pa.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H u n t s v ille , A la .

C op ies o f pu blic re le a s e s

K n o x v ille , Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
L as V e g a s , Nev.
L e x i n g t o n , K y.
L o w e r E a ste rn Shore, M d .-V a .
L y n c h b u r g , Va.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d i s o n , W is .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , M i c h
M eridian, M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N .J .
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e , T e n n.
N e w L o n d o n — r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g d e n , Utah
O r l a n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — e n t u r a , C a lif .
V
P a n a m a C ity, Fla.
P i n e B lu f f , A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N.H.—M a i n e — a s s .
M
P u eb lo, C olo.
R e n o , N e v.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif .
Sa lin a , K a n s .
S a lin a s —M o n t e r e y , C a lif .
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif .
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e r - H o l y o k e , M a s s . —Con n.
C
S t o c k t o n , C a lif .
T a c o m a , Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
T u cson, A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a l l e j o — a p a , C a lif .
N
W ichita F a lls , T ex .
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l.—N .J .—Md.

T h e e le v e n t h annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1693, N a tio n a l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 . 0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s
U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f it s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




☆ U . S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:

1971 0-432-468 (39)

A rea W a g e Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is p r e se n te d below . A d i r e c t o r y of area wage studies including m o r e lim ited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour D iv isio n of the Departm ent of L a b o r is available on request. Bulletins m a y be p u rch ased f r o m the Superintendent of
D ocu m en ts , U.S. G overn m en t Prin tin g O f f ic e , Washington, D .C ., 20402, or f r o m any of the BLS region al sales o f f ic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .

Area
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1970____________________________________
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970___________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1--------------------------------A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1970 L .
E
A t la n t a , G a . , M a y 1970 1__________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1970 1_____________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -------P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970____________________________
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, N o v . 1970 1 ___________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1 9 7 0 1 ______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1 ________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1970_______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1970 1_________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1970 1_________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , Jan. 1971________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , Sept. 1970 1 ---------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., June 1970___________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y.—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ___________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1970 1 ------------------------------------------C olu m b u s, O hio, Oct.
1 9 7 0 * ____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1970 1 --------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s la n d — o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
F e b . 1971___________________________________________________
D a y to n , O h i o , D e c . 1970 1 ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1970--------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1970 1 ___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1970 1 -----------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1970 1------------------------------------------G re e n v ille , S .C ., M ay
1 9 7 0 _____________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1970--------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , In d., O c t . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n. 1971 1______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1970 1 __________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Sep t. 1970 1---------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1970 1-----------H
L it tl e R o ck r-N o rt h L it t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1970 1-------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — nta A n a Sa
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970______________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . - I n d . , N o v . 1970__________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u ly 1970 1 ___________________________
M e m p h i s , Term .—A r k . , N o v . 1970________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1970 1__________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1971___________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1970 1_____________________________
M in neap olis—
St. P a u l , M i n n . , Jan. 1971_________________

Bulletin number
and p r ic e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1685-18,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1685-21,
1 6 8 5 -1 1,
1685-43,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1685-48,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1685-28,
1685-33,
1685-22,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35c e n t s
50c e n ts
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
35c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30c e n t s
35c e n t s
60 c e n t s
35c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
50 c e n ts

1685-51,
1685-45,
1685-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1685-25,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1685-31,
1685-39,
1685-37,
1685-16,
1660-82,
1685-1,

30 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
35c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35c e n t s

1660-64,
1685-27,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1685-30,
1685-29,
1685-40,
1660-74,
1685-44,

45 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35c e n t s
30c e n t s
40 c e n ts
30c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , June 1970 1_____
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1971_______________
N e w H av e n , C o n n . , Jan. 1971_____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1971 1___________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1970 1_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , Jan. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------------O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k la . , J u ly 1970_________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1970 1 ________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1970 1__________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1970_______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1971 1---------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1970_______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1970 1_____________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R .I.—M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 7 0 ______ _____________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1970 1________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
A u g . 1970-----------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1970___________________________
Sa lt L a k e C it y , Utah, N o v . 1 9 7 0 1-----------------------------------San A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1970_____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
D e c . 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1970______________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1970--------------------O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1970-----------------------------------------------Savan nah , G a . , M a y 1970 1________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y l O ? © 1-------------------------------------------------S e a t tle — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1970_______________________
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., D e c . 1970 1 ________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1970 1------------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , June 1970 1 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1970--------------------- —
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1970----------------------------------------M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1970 1 _______________________________
U t ica — o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
R
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —M d .—V a . , Sept. 1969 1-----------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1970 1______________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1970 1 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1 ___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1971______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1970__________________
W

Bulletin number
and p r ic e
1660-85,
1685-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1660-89,

35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
40 c e n ts
75 c e n ts

1685-46,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1685-34,
1660-70,
1685-49,
1685-19,
1660-77,

35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
45 c e n ts
50 c e n t s
35 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts

1660-72,
1 6 8 5- 12,
1660-65,

30 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
40 ce n ts

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1685-26,
1660-71,

30
35
40
35
30

ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1685-42,
1685-20,
1685-23,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1685-38,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685-17,
1660-56,
1685-15,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1685-32,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1685-50,
1685-24,

40
30
40
30
35
35
30
35
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
50
35
35
35
35
30
30

c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU

OF

LABO R

W ASHING TO N. D.C.

S T A T IS T IC S

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
P E N A LTY FOR P R IV A TE USE, $300




POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F

LABO R

F IR S T C L A S S M A IL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102