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Dayton & Montgomery Go*
Public Library
J UN 241971
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

E SURVEY
ans, L o u isian a, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
J a n u a ry 1971

Bulletin 1 6 8 5 -3 6
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

/ Bureau

of

Labor Statistics




BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Governm ent Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region II
341 N inth Ave.
Room 1025
New Y o rk, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 21 2)

Region VI
337 M ayflow er Building
411 N o rth Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III w ill be service by Kansas C ity.
* * Regions IX and X w ill be serviced b San Francisco.

Region 1 1
1
406 Penn Square Building
1317 F ilb e rt St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
A tla n ta , Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions V II and V III
Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St., 10th F loor
Kansas C ity , Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e N e w O rlean s, Louisiana, M etropolitan A re a ,
January 1971

Bulletin 1 6 8 5 -3 6
A pril 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 40 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups-----------------------------------------

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents the survey results. After completion of all
of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, two
summary bulletins are issued. The first brings data for
each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents information which has been projected
from individual metropolitan area data to relate to geo­
graphic regions and the United States.

A. Occupational earnings:
A - l . Office occupations—
men and women________________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men and
women______________________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined_________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations--------------------------A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations------------------

11
12
13

Ninety areas currently are included in the pro­
gram. In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions biennially.

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers_____________________________________________________
B -2 . Shift differentials___________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours____________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . Paid vacations______________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans--------------------------------

15
16
17
18
19
22

This bulletin presents results of the survey in New
Orleans, La., in January 1971. The Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through January 1968, consists of Jefferson, Orleans, St.
Bernard and St. Tammany Parishes. This study was con­
ducted by the Bureau's regional office in Dallas, Tex.,
under the general direction of Boyd B. O'Neal, Assistant
Regional Director for Operations.




1
5

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied____________________________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of change for selected periods--------------------------------------

Appendix. Occupational descriptions------------------------------------------------------

NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Current reports on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage provisions in the New Orleans area are also
available for auto dealer repair shops (August 1969), and
banking (November 1969). Union scales, indicative of pre­
vailing pay levels, are available for building construction;
printing; local-transit operating employees; and local truckdrivers, helpers, and allied occupations.

iii

4
6
7
10

25




In tro d u c tio n
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em­
ployees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b asis.1 In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to represent­
ative . establishments within six broad industry divisions:
Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publi­
cation criteria.

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though most establishments in an area increase Wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
2, are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within
the groups.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -se rie s tables, because
either (l) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
performed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying
employees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies con d u cted under contract w ith the N ew York State
D epartm ent o f Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (N ew Y ork portion o n ly ); R ochester ( o f f i c e o c c u ­
pations on ly); Syracuse; and U tica —R om e. In add ition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim ite d area studies
in 77 areas at the request o f the W age and Hour D ivision o f the U. S. D epartm en t o f Labor.




1

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure

2
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in
occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the
earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to plant and office workers. Data for industry divisions not
presented separately are included in the estimates for "a ll industries."
Administrative, executive, and professional employees, and construc­
tion workers who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory
workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice func­
tions. "Office workers" include working supervisors and nonsuper­
visory workers performing clerical or related functions. Cafeteria
workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries, but
included in nonmanufacturing industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B -l) relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely to have formal entrance rates for workers
above the subclerical level than small establishments, the table is
more-representative of policies in medium and large establishments.
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms
of workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Scheduled
weekly hours are those which a majority of full-time employees were
expected to work, whether they were paid for at straight-time or
overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
pension plans (tables B -4 through B-6) are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
^ A n establishm ent was considered as having a p o lic y i f it m et either o f the fo llo w in g c o n ­
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e o f the survey, or (2 ) had form al provisions coverin g
late shifts. A n establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in w ritten form for operating
late shifts.




a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B -2 through
B -6 may not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a formal basis; i.e ., (1) are provided for
in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday and the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to a
statistical measure of vacation provisions. It is not intended as a
measure of the proportion of workers actually receiving specific bene­
fits. Provisions of an establishment for all lengths of service were
tabulated as applying to all plant or office workers of the establish­
ment, regardless of length of service. Provisions for payment on
other than a time basis were converted to a time basis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equiv­
alent of 1 week's pay. Only basic plans are included. Estimates
exclude vacation bonus and vacation-savings plans arid those which
offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans with
qualifying lengths of service. Such exclusions are typical in the steel,
aluminum, and can industries.
Data on health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6) in­
clude those plans for which the employer pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for. this purpose. An establishment was considered to have a plan if
the majority of employees was eligible to be covered under the plan,
even if less than a majority elected to participate because employees
were required to contribute toward the cost of the plan. Legally
required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social security,
and railroad retirement were excluded.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured during illness or accident disability. Information is
presented for all such plans to which the employer contributes. How­
ever, in New York and New Jersey, which have enacted temporary
disability insurance laws which require employer contributions, plans
are included only if the employer (l) contributes more than is legally
required, or (2) provides the employee with benefits which exceed the
requirements of the law. Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are
^ The tem porary disability laws
contributions.

in C a liforn ia

and Rhode Island do not require

em ployer

3
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r 's pay during a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s . S ep arate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a it in g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
eith er o r both ty pes o f b en e fits.
4
A n establishm ent was considered as having a form al plan if it established at least the
m inim um number o f days o f sick le a v e a vailable to each e m p lo y e e .
Such a plan n eed not be
written, but inform al sick le a v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual basis, w ere exclu ded.




M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e plans w h ich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g i c a l p la n s . M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete o r p a rtia l p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
D ental in su ra n c e u su ally
c o v e r s f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
E x c lu d e d a re plans w hich
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e .
P lan s m a y be u n d er­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on p rofit o rg a n iza tion s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r o u t o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
t h is p u r p o s e . T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e
w o r k e r 's life.

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d in N e w O rle a n s , L a .,1 by m a jo r in dustry division,2 J a n u a ry 1971
N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied

Plant
N um ber

A ll d iv is io n s -----------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______ _________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s 5-------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________________
R e ta il t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------S e r v ic e s 8-------------------------------------------- ---------------

_

Studied

T o ta l4
O ff ic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

754

183

155 ,0 6 4

100

9 8 ,4 0 4

2 4 ,2 3 4

8 5 ,1 5 9

-

175
579

52
131

4 7 ,7 3 5
1 0 7 ,3 2 9

31
69

3 7 ,6 7 9
6 0 ,7 2 5

3 ,7 8 7
2 0 ,4 4 7

2 8 ,7 8 4
5 6 ,3 7 5

50
50
50
50
50

120
130
152
71
106

31
18
33
15
34

3 3 ,9 8 1
1 3 ,5 4 6
3 2 ,5 8 8
10,361
1 6 ,8 5 3

22
9
21
6
11

1 3 ,932
(6)
2 5 ,8 1 1

50

0
(6)

6 ,3 1 0
(6)
3 ,2 2 0
(‘ )
(6)

2 2 ,5 9 7
2 ,6 7 4
18,903
4 ,4 9 4
7 ,7 0 7

1 T h e N ew O rle a n s S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta t is tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the B u rea u o f the B u dget th rou gh J an u ary 1968, c o n s is t s o f J e f fe r s o n , O r le a n s , St. B e r n a r d , and St. T a m m a n y P a r is h e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
T he estim a tes
a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tren d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age
s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s
the u s e o f es ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f the S tandard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e ,
fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir
s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m the s e p a r a te plant and o f fi c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b r e v ia te d to "p u b lic u t i li t ie s " in the A - and B - s e r i e s t a b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te stu dy, (2) the s a m p le was
not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
es ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n on ly in estim a te s
fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv en in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H otels and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g
r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A lm o s t o n e -t h ir d o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the N ew O rlea n s
a r e a w e re e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f ir m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u stry
g ro u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m an u factu rin g:
In du stry g r o u p s
T r a n s p o rta tio n e q u ip m e n t------- 27
F o o d and k in d re d p r o d u c t s ------ 22
A p p a r e l and o th e r te x tile
p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------9
S to n e , c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------8
F a b r ic a t e d m e ta l p r o d u c t s -----6
O rd n an ce and a c c e s s o r i e s _____
6
P r im a r y m e ta l in d u s t r ie s ------6

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
Ship and b o atbu ild in g and
r e p a i r in g _____________________
B e v e r a g e s ---------------------------------O r d n a n c e -----------------------------------S e c o n d a ry n o n fe r r o u s
m e t a ls --------------------------------------

27
6
6
6

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f total e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as show n in table 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T ren d s

fo r S e le c te d

O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s

s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in dex.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to t h e d a t e o f
th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual ra tes o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t i o n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e o f earn in gs fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a re b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s

o f D a ta

M ethod o f C om putin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e ,
as m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th o u g h a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g ro u p w as a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w om en ):
B ook k eep in g-m a ch in e
operators, class B
Clerks, a ccou n tin g, classes
A and B
Clerks, f il e , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
C om p tom eter operators
K eypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers ( o f f i c e boys or
girls)

The
p l i e d b y th e
in the g r o u p
w ere related
g a t e f o r th e

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n )—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (m e n and
w om en ):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

S k illed m aintenance (m en ):
Carpenters
E lectricians
Machinists
M echanics
M echanics (a u to m o tiv e )
Painters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
U nskilled plant (m en ):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n ta g e s of change r e fle c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

avera g e (m ean) ea rn in gs fo r ea ch occu p a tion w e r e m u lti­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e totaled.
The a g g reg ates fo r 2 co n se c u tiv e y e a r s
b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
ea rlier yea r.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5

6




T a b le 2 .
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s an d s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d
N e w O r le a n s , L a ., J a n u a ry 1971 and J a n u a ry 1 9 7 0 , an d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s
P e r io d

O ff ic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en )

In d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en )

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in

M a n u fa ctu rin g

S k ille d
m a in te n a n ce
tr a d e s
(m en)

U n s k ille d
plant
w ork ers
(m en)

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en )

In d u stria l
nu rses
(m en and
w om en )

S k ille d
m a in te n a n ce
tr a d e s
(m en)

U n s k illed
plant
w o rk ers
(m en)

123.5
118.4

122.1
117.4

127.0
122.7

134.6
108.9

147.6
120.7

152.3
119.8

In d e x e s ( F e b r u a r y 1967=100)
J a n u a r y 1971
J a n u a ry 1970

121.4
115.6

126.3
120.2

123.8
117.1

121.0
116.9

117.3
115.1

In d e x e s (M a r c h 1961=100)
J a n u a ry 1971 —
F e b r u a r y 1967

153.9
126.8

144.2
114.1

153.6
124.0

163.5
135.0

147.1
125.5

P e r c e n t s o f ch an ge 1
J a n u a ry 1970 t o J a n u a ry 1 9 7 1 ___
F e b r u a r y 1969 t o J a n u a ry 1970:
1 1 -m o n th i n c r e a s e _____________
A n nual r a te o f i n c r e a s e _______
F e b r u a r y 1968 t o F e b r u a r y 1969
F e b r u a r y 1967 t o F e b r u a r y 1968
F e b r u a r y 1966 t o F e b r u a r y 1967
F e b r u a r y 1965 to F e b r u a r y 1966
F e b r u a r y 1964 t o F e b r u a r y 1965
F e b r u a r y 1963 to F e b r u a r y 1964
F e b r u a r y 1962 t o F e b r u a r y 1963
M a r c h 1961 to F e b r u a r y 1962:
1 1 -m o n th i n c r e a s e _____________
Annual ra te o f i n c r e a s e _______
F e b r u a r y 1960 to M a r c h 1961:
1 3 -m o n th i n c r e a s e _____________
A n nual r a te o f i n c r e a s e _______

5.0

5.1

5.7

3.5

1.9

4 .3

4.0

3.5

3.8
4 .2

5.8
6 .3

5.2
5.7

4.7
5.1

4.7
5.1

6.6
7.2

5.7
6.2

8.0
8.8

5.3
5.8
5.3
4.4
2.5
4.1
4.5

3.6
9.7
5.1
3.3
0
2.0
1.5

6.7
4.3
4.5
3.8
2.5
3.4
4.2

5.1
6.3
* 10.8
3.3
6.3
4 .2
4 .3

5.0
4.7
3.5
3.5
3.7
4.3
5.2

.4
10.7
4.0
1.8
.9
2.3
3—.9

6.5
4.3
3.7
2.9
1.9
2.9
4.3

7.3
5.9
2.6
3.6
7.2
1.1
3.2

3.4
3.7

1.5
1.6

3.5
3.8

2.0
2.2

2.8
3.1

.5
.6

3.4
3.7

.8
.9

2.5
2.3

9.9
9.1

5.7
5.3

4 .4
4.1

4.3
4.0

12.0
11.0

5.2
4 .8

8.6
7.9

A ll c h a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s u n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
In a d d itio n to g e n e r a l w age i n c r e a s e s , th is i n c r e a s e r e f l e c t s a m e n d m e n ts to the F a ir L a b o r Stan d ards A c t and c h a n g e s in e m p lo y m e n t
h ig h - and lo w -w a g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
T h is d e c r e a s e r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p lo y m e n t a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d iff e r e n t p a y l e v e ls , r a t h e r than s a la r y d e c r e a s e s .

N O T E : P r e v i o u s l y p u b lis h e d in d e x e s f o r the N ew O rle a n s a r e a u s e d M a r c h 1961 as the b a s e
p e r io d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to the new b a s e p e r io d b y d iv id in g th em b y the c o r r e s p o n d in g in d e x
n u m b e r s f o r F e b r u a r y 1967 on the M a r c h 1961 b a s e p e r io d as sh ow n in the t a b le .
(T h e r e s u lt should
be m u ltip lie d b y 100.)

7

A.

Occupational earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b asis by industry d ivision , New O rleans, La., January 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
lard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
t

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
ikers

60
hours 1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

s

t

65

t

S
70

75

*

80

*

i

85

90

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

i
95

t

A
ICC

105

S
lie

I
115

$

%

120

125

%

130

s

i

140

150

$
160

s
170

s
18 0

and
under
65

190
and

7C

75

8G

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

15C

160

170

18C

-

-

-

1
-

2
-

5

-

1

2

3

1C
10

-

-

*

*

-

-

3

3

21
10

20
1
19
5

26
6
2C
11

42
7
35
14

33

-

11
4
7
5

46
13

-

18
2
16

21
-

-

4
4
4

18

-

-

15
1

2C
9
u
9

15
7
8
4

-

6
5
4

7
7

23
22
22

13
9
7

11
11
6

6
5
4

16
15
9

6
i
i

7
5
i

31
26
16

1
1
1

2
2
2

11
11
11

2
2
1

1
1
1

-

*

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1C
1C

5
5

3
3

5
5

i
i

14
10

4
4

15
11

27
27

13
13

10
10

4
2

_

-

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

i

_

4
4

14
11

-

7
7

5
5

i
i

-

*

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

7
5
5

“

-

_

_

_

_

19 0

over

8

2G
4
16
1C

HEN
$
$
1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 4 . CO
1 3 2 . 5 0 - 1 6 9 . 5C
1 1 8 . 5 0 - 1 5 0 . CO
1 2 2 . 0 0 - 1 6 0 . 5C

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------------

287
6i
226
106

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

$
1 3 9 . CO
149.50
136.00
141.50

$
1 3 5 . CO
145.00
132.00
1 3 9 . 0C

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING - — -----------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------

145
125
88

39.5
39.5
39.5

101.50
101.50
101.00

1C2.C0
1 0 1 . CC
99.50

85.CC-117.C0
84.0C-117.5C
8 3 . 5 0 - 1 1 8 . 5C

C L E R K S , ORDER --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

112
102

40.0
40.0

120.00
12C.00

125.00
125.50

1 1 1 . 5 0 - 1 3 2 . CO
111.00-133.00

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

34
28

39.5
40.0

141.00
145.50

138.50
139.50

134.50-157.00
135.50-159.50

MESSENGERS ( O F F IC E BOYS) — ---NONMANUFACTURING ----------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------------

135
120
76

39.0
39.0
39.0

79.50
7 9 . CC
81.00

74.50
74.50
74.50

TABULATIN G-M ACHIN E OPE RATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

30
26

4C.C
40.0

117.00
114.00

117.50
115.50

88
82

4C.0
40.0

85.50
8 3 .CO

79.50
7 9 . 0C

7C.0070.5070.50-

ei.oo
80.00
6 1 .CO

1 1 0 . 5 0 - 1 2 4 . 5C
1 0 9 . 5 0 - 1 2 2 . OC

-

-

-

-

-

l

12
9
“

21
17
16

_

4C
40
26

_

27
26
15

_

11
9
5

7
5
4

c

2
1

_

2
2

4
4
i

-

-

4
4
4

-

i
i

1
1

3
3

6

5

t

5

“

7
7

"
"

“

2
~

6
6

-

24

-

3

_

-

-

i
i
-

3

5
3
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

~

1
1

3
1

“

6
4

”

_

_

_

_

_

”

2

-

“

~

~

WOMEN

B ILLE R S ,

MACHINE

(BILLIN G

M A C H I N E ) ------------------------------

NO NM AN UF AC TU RI N G---------------B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) -------- ------- --------------- NONMANUFACTURING---------- ------

57
57

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O PERATOR S,
CLASS A ------------------------------------

42

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPER ATO RS ,
CL AS S B ------------------------ -— — —
M A NU FA CT U RI N G -------------------- NONMANUFACTURING ----------------R E T A I L TRADE ------------- ------

161
32
129
29

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
M A NU FA CT U RI N G --------------------NONMANUFACTURING---- ---------- P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S -------- ----R E T A I L TRADE ---- --------------C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MA N U FA CT U RI N G --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------- ----k E T A I L TRADE --------------------

at

end




o f

tabh

99.00
99.00

111.00

104.50

95.00-132.00

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

89.00
93.00
88.50
95.00

88.00
89.00
88.00
93.00

8 5 . 0 0 - 9 6 . CC
83.C0-1C9.5C
85.50- 94.00
83.00-1C2.0C

395
29
366
131
35

39.0
4 0 .C
39.C
38.C
36.5

131.50
1 2 3 . 0C
1 3 2 . CO
139.00
1 2 4 . CO

130.00
1 2 3 . CC
1 3 1 . 0C
142.50
1 2 0 . 0G

116.00-143.00
1 0 1 . 0 0 - 1 5 6 . OC
116.50-147.50
1 2 3 . 5 0 - 1 4 9 . 5C
110.00-139.00

818
124
694
237
184

39. C
4C.C
39.C
38.0

9 6 . 0C
95.50
96.00
1 0 3 . 5C
88.50

94.00
93.00
94.50
1 0 2 . 0C
9C.50

84.50-107.00
81.00-109.00
85.00-1C6.5C
8 9 . 5 0 - 1 1 4 . CO
76.00-1C0.50

~

9
9

4 0 .0

7
7

33
33

7
7

9

7

7
7

1
1

“

1C
1C

8 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 5 . 5C
8 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 5 . 5C

o

footn otes

91.00
8 9 . 5C

96.50
96.50

o
*

See

39.0
39.0

76.3075.50-

3
3

6
6

1
1

1
l

1C
-a o

1
1

5
5

6
6

7
7

7
7

2

1

-

l

7

l

11

2

-

-

4

1

1C

2

-

-

-

-

-

22
5
17
2

65
8
57
1C

15
15
5

15
15
3

13
3
1C
6

5
4
1
l

4
3
1
i

5
4
i
i

5
5
»

13
6
7
-

4
i
3
F
-

2e

22
2
2C

20
-

32
-

58
1
57
23
7

63
63
39
2

39
6
33
11

i7
1
16
12

7
1
6
-

3

32
11
1

35
2
33
4
i

12

2C

37
7
30
12
2

12
5

3

7
7
1
1

19

32
2
30
29

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

9

i
-

9
"

-

7
5
2
*

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

•
»
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
26
4

-

*

21
1
2C
1
13

65
11
54
13
31

45
17
28

84
12
72

3

10

11

19

110
12
98
38
16

102
16
86
19
29

67
12

1C7
8

55

99

25
17

28
29

2

b

9

d

33

83

fc

27
4

u

1C
73

48

2

37
12
25
5
5

2
17
12
'

5

5

2

1
1

3

-

-

1

-

_
-

"

8
T a b l e A -1 .
(A v e r a g e

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

s tra ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly

h ou rs

and

ea rn in g s

fo r

se le c te d

occu p a tion s

stu d ied

on

an

a re a

b a sis

by

in d u stry

d iv ision ,

W e e k l y earnings *
dard)

o ccu p a tio n ,

and

in d u stry

d iv ision

of
workers

$
60

Mean 2

Median 2

M i d dl e r a n g e 2

(standard)

$
65

70

-

of w o r k e r s

r e ce iv in g

$
85

1971)

stra ig h t-tim e

%

$
90

95

ICC

1C5

l i e

w eek ly

s
115

ea rn in g s
$

$
120

125

of—
i

13G

$
140

$
1 50

l

*
16C

.7 0

180

190

and
and
7C

75

ec

35

9C

95

ICO

1C 5

l i e

115

120

125

13C

14G

3

6

8

63

3 9 .0

$
1 0 5 . CO

$
1 0 2 .5 0

$
$
9 0 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0

-

-

-

6

8

2

8

6

4

4

t

6

4b

3 8 .5

9 6 . 5C

9 4 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0

~

-

-

6

8

2

8

5

4

4

2

6

3 3 . C

7 9 .0 0

7 7 . 5C

7 1 .0 0 -

8 4 .5 0

20

23

38

47

30

1 5

12

9

2

i

199

3 6 .0

7 9 . CC

7 7 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 -

8 4 .0 0

20

23

38

45

30

15

12

6

2

i

152

3 9 .0

7 7 . CO

7 4 . CC

7 1 .5 0 -

8 1 .5 0

1

16

74

14

23

6

2

n

147

3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0

7 3 .5 0

7 1 .C O -

8 1 . CO

1

16

74

14

22

5

2

150

16C

17C

80

190

u

247

4C- • 0

9 6 .0 0

1 C 3 .C 0

8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0

1

24

24

9

25

lb

3

36

94

9

i

y

4 0 . C

9 5 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0

8 i .5 G -lC 7 .5 C

1

24

a

4

9

21

16

3

34

94

9

i

-

3 9 .5

1 C 9 .5 C

1 0 8 .0 0

11

17

24

3 i

9 9 .0 0

14

8

11

4

3

12
-

11

1 0 0 .5 0

5
-

21

4 0 .0

2 C

'S

12

9

9

-

A --------------------------------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

8 --------------------------------------

204

CLERKS,

C --------------------------------------

C L E R K S , O R D E R -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

237

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

175
54

CLASS

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
--------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------MESSENGERS

80

Ja n u a ry

CONTINUED

CL ER KS , FILE, CL AS S
NONMANUFACTURING

FILE,

$
75

L a .,

u n der
65

WOMEN

O rle a n s,

N u m b er
S

Average
S ex ,

N ew

(OFFICE

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

G I R L S ) ---------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

121
32

9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
9 2 . 5 0 - 1 0 6 . 5C

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

3 9 . C

1 3 3 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
-

10

1
-

_

_

-

5

-

-

-

10
-

3
-

5
-

1
-

-

-

-

1C

-

4

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

i
_

i
2

i

i

-

3

3

1
~

-

-

12

6

-

-

5

2

1
-

-

-

7

4

5

7

3

6

-

-

-

i

2

-

-

-

t

2

1

_

_

-

_
-

39

3 9 .5

1 0 C .00

9 6 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0

7

3

2

7

3

5

1

i

2

2

2

3

1

-

162

3 9 .5

9 5 . 5C

9 6 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 - 1 C 3 .5 0

2

5

17

9

9

16

19

25

29

4

3

5

8

1

6

2

2

159

3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0

9 5 .5 0

8

2

5

17

9

9

16

19

25

29

4

3

5

6

1

5

2

2

-

-

-

3 9 . C

8 7 . CO

8 7 . CC

7 6 .5 0 -

2

3

7

8

5

12

5

6

4

-

1

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

11
-

23
-

22
2

15

20

9

19

3

_

_

_

3

2

3

7

2

3
-

_

6

54
-

25

-

6
-

22

-

5
-

-

-

-

5
-

b

1 1

23

16

54

2 C

18

-

-

13

-

7

2

3

3
-

-

i

1
-

-

i i

6
-

12

1

_0
-

12

3

-

-

-

-

5

1

1

6

-

-

6

5

-

-

3

5

-

-

*

-

-

71

79

113

49

41

i
-

_

1

i
-

-

6

2
-

_

8

3
-

-

7

31
-

1

6

32
-

17

4

-

-

-

-

33

3

2

i

i

-

-

-

-

60

44

17

21

14

58

239

3 9 .5

30

a

.0 O -1 C 3 .C 0
9 7 . CC

1 0 7 . CO

1 0 4 .5 0

9 8 .0 C - U 8 .5 C

4 C .C

1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 3 6 .5 0

-

1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 9 . 0C

3 9 . C

1 0 5 .5 0

1 0 4 .o c

9 e . 5 0 - 1 1 5 . CC

-

-

2

43

3 8 .5

1 C 2 .C 0

1 0 1 .5 0

9 2 . 5 0 - 1 1 6 . 5C

-

-

2

34

4C .0

1 0 2 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0

20 9

*

47 5

3 9 .5

9 4 . CC

9 2 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0

-

2

3 7

4 C .C

9 4 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

8 8 .0 0 -1 C 1 .0 C

-

2

3 9.C

9 4 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 - 1 C 1 .5 0

-

-

82

3 3 .5

1 C C .C C

9 9 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

-

-

66

4 0 .C

8 6 .0 0

9 0 .5 0

8 1 . 5 0

9 3 .5 0

4 3 8

9 2 . CC

13

19

5

13
-

19

67

73

106

41

32

31

16

4

4

4

2

i

25

14

31

i

3

~

2

1

4

143

115

-

10

2

15
3

15

10

1
-

-

7 8

3 9 .5

7 5 .5 0

7 5 . 5C

6 6 . OC-

6 2 . CC

19

3

16

17

1 1

7

1

76

3 9 .5

7 5 .5 0

7 5 . 5C

6 5 .5 0 -

e 2 .0 0

19

3

14

17

11

7

1

1 ,2 5 4

3 9 . C

1 2 2 . CO

1 2 0 .5 0

1 0 4 . 5 0 - 1 3 5 . CC

-

_

3

3

20

37

170

98

24 2

4 0 . C

1 3 C .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 5 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . CC

~

-

-

1

2

9

12

4

lc

16

29

15

31

29

28

16

15

8

7

2

1 ,0 1 2

3 9 . C

1 2 C .0 0

1 .8 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

-

3

19

35

56

42

139

99

45

90

107

57

141

70

42

29

9

14

12

382

3 6 .5

1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0

1 C 6 .5 0 - 1 4 3 .0 0

-

8

2

23

24

29

34

13

17

32

33

60

33

34

20

8

9

3

6

13

1C

6

19

3

2

1

-

-

1

3

17

7

39

2

11

3
-

2
-

5

~

-

3
-

65

4
54

o l

119

122

88

156

4 C .C

1 C 7 .5 G

1 0 3 .5 0

9 4 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

3

1

3

18

16

7

42

5

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

123

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

_

1

1

1

15

2

101

3 9 . C

1 3 1 . 5C

1 3 2 . CC

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

15

2

3

17

3

34

2

9

13
q

43

3 8 .5

1 4 4 .0 0

1 3 8 .5 0

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

1

-

2

i

2

3

3

13

-

9

7

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B -------------:
--M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ :
—
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

27 4

3 9 .0

1 2 8 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

i

1C

5

4

22

12

2

56

42

17

9

6

10

11

9

-

-

l

3

27
1

31

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

369
89
230

3 9 .0

S ee

footn otes

at

end




o f

ta b les.

30
244

1 5 2 .5 0

-

1 1 4 .0 C -i7 4 .C C

-

-

4 0 .0

1 4 5 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 2 b . 50

1 2 2 .5 0

1 1 6 . C O - 1 3 4 . CO

-

-

-

-

1

3 9 . C

1 3 5 . CC

1 3 2 .0 0

1 2 0 . 5 0 - 1 4 9 . GO

-

-

-

-

-

1 0 9 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 - 1 2 5 . 5 0

-

-

-

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0

1 C 7 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0

-

-

-

4C . 5

1 3 0 .5 0

12 8.C C

1 1 8 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . CO

-

-

-

-

1 2 4 .C C

1 2 5 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

~

-

-

-

-

1 2 8 .5 C - i5 5 .5 0

-

-

~

70
37

4 C .C

92

3 8 .5

1 4 1 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0

4 6

4 0 . C

1 1 C .C C

1 0 3 . 5C

9 3 .5 C -1 3 2 .C C

-

3

-

6

4

5

-

10

4

3

21

6

2

55

39

26

20

17

9

-

6

6

9

-

4

2

2

3

2

4

8

9

9

11

7

-

5

3

1

2

-

u

2

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

24

lb

1

i

-

1

3

4

-

16
~

28
-

2
-

22
~

53

9

19

4

8

1C

2

17

5

18

4

16

12

4

i

-

-

16
-

28

2

22

2

19

14

49

37

16

1 2

3

8

-

3

43
-

7

-

“

2

-

1C
_

3

-

1

10

11

22

15

13

6

3

6

-

~

5

1C

2

9

“

3

1

“

2

32

53

12

53

2

30

2

“

~

9
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f or s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y di vision, N e w O r l e a n s ,
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Sex, oc cu pation,

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

i

Average
weekly

a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

s
60

65

WOMEN
-

-

»
65

t
70

t
75

i
80

t
85

(
90

<
95

s

ICO

i

105

s

110

s

115

$

120

(

125

I

I

$

t

i

t

130

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

11C

115

120

125

150

16C

170

180

190

—

—

—

—

—

and

140

13C

140

—

and
under

(standard)

SECRETARIES

La., J a n u a r y 1971 )

150

160

170

180

190

over

9
1
8
7
-

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES R E T A I L T R A D E -------

487
386
177
50

39.C
40.0
38.5
38.5
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
R E T A I L T R A D E ------

633
91
542
217
40

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES

101

$
112.50

$
110.00

1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 9 . 5 0

$
$
100.501 2 4 . 0C
106.00-134.50
100.50121.00
99.00126.00
93.00104.50

107.50
108.00
101.50

39.0
40.0
39.0
38.5
39.5

1 0 0 . CO
98.00
104.50
91.50

9 9 . 5C
94.00
100.50
106.00
9 2 . 0C

261
84
177
77

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

122.50
129.00
119.00
112.50

121.50
127.00
117.50
105.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

55
35

39.5
39.0

101.50
98.50

100.00
93.50

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

242
241
90

40.0
4C.0
40.0

79.00
79.00
76.00

75.00
75.00
73.00

70.5070.5069.50-

SWITCHBOARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPTI0NISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------

227
70
157
28
29

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0

91.50
98.50
88.50
98.00
83.50

92.00
99.00
90.00
94.50
82.50

81.50-104.50
90.00111.00
81.00- 99.50
92.001C7.5C
74.00- 91.00

92
92

38.0
38.0

84.00
84.00

84.00
84.00

77.5077.50-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A --M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING

240
31
209

38.5
39.5
36.0

96 . CO
108.00
94.00

96.50
107.00
94.50

86.5099.5085.50-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES
R E T A I L T R A D E ----

664
45
619

39.0
4C.0
39.0
38.0
40.0

84.00
85.00
84.00
85.50
91.00

82.00
86.50
81.50
83.50
89.00

TRANSCR1BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

See footnotes at end o f tables,




101
208

100.00

3
-

3
3

87.5087.00-

111.00
108.00

4
4

88. 00-

111.00

-

90.501 1 3 . 5C
82.00-104.50

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
5
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
1
18
8
3

10
2
8
2
3

31
8
23
17
5

47
11
36
21
5

84
3
81
24
20

48
2
46
29
3

49
14
35
10
3

41
11
30
10
1

39
7
32
11
1

22
8
14
10
-

46
17
29
16
1

26
12
14
7
1

10
4
6
5

21
1
20

74
8
66
23
3

88
27
61
23
2

70
8
62
25
15

48
8
40
15

77
9
68
36
4

82
4
78
41
2

32
4
28
16

11

17

8
2
6
4

22
8
14
14

-

-

63
8
55
9
2

-

-

“

15
15
15

11
1
10
10

23
3
20
5

12
6
6
5

14
2
12
2

8
5
3
2

37
10
27
9

3
2

3
1

6
6

4
4

2

3

13
2
11
~

17
14
3
-

-

-

28
2
26
11
5

17
17

1
1

5
5

30
4
26

27
8
19

-

5

1 0 8 . 0 0 - 1 3 7 . CO
120.501 3 8 . 5C
102.50135.50
93.50-131.00

-

9
9

1
1

90.50-1C9.50
89.00-110.00
86.00
86.00
83.00

-

3
3
1

9

110.50
112.50
99.00

18
18

10
4
4

7
4

38
38
14

65
65
34

24
24
7

33
33
5

9

14
4
10

18
4
14

36

15
5
10
2
i

12
12

23
23
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

10

-

11

9
9

9
9

94.00
94.00
105.00
113.00
1C3.00

5
5

9

1

11
11

7

36

21
21

19
19

11
75.00- 90.00
82.50- 89.50
75.00- 90.00
11
80.50- 91.00
77.501 C 5 . 0 C10

29

39
8
31
6

25
19
6
2

30
9
21
4

36
20
16
7

3

1

5

3

1

6
6

22

-

2

1
-

4

2
1

4
4

-

12
6
6
1

4
2
2

2
2

1
1

7
7

23
5
18

5
1
4

i
i

2
2

~

-

-

-

2
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

~

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

-

-

16

27

28

29

43
9
34

119
-

109
3
1C6
9
8

173
12
161
46
44

56
18
38
8
6

51
9
42
15
9

23

31

7

21

9

18

4

i

-

-

23
4
16

31
3
26

7
2
5

21
4
16

9

18

4

i

-

-

7

18

4

i

“

-

~

119
10
16

28

-

7
31
3
28
-

27

-

17
5
1

-

1

16

1

47
17
30
14
2

12
2

-

11
1
2

10
T a b le A -2 .
( A v e ra g e

P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

stra ig h t-tim e

w eek ly

h o u rs

and

ea rn in g s

fo r

s e le cte d

occu p a tion s

stu d ied

on

an

a re a

b a s is

b y

in d u stry

d iv ision ,

W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

S ex ,

o ccu p a tion ,

and

in d u stry

d iv ision

Number
of
workers

t
Average
hours1
(standard)

$

90
Mean ^

Median ^

M iddle range ^

N ew

O rlea n s,

L a. ,

J a n u a ry

1971)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f ----$

$

ICO

110

$

s

12 0

13C

$
1AO

$

»

150

160

$

$
17C

180

$

*

190

20C

$

$
210

220

$
230

$

2A0

$

25C

$

260

270

and
u n d er

$

90

280

and

IOC

lie

120

130

1AO

150

160

170

18 0

190

6
6

200

210

220

2 30

1
1

3
3

“

8

3

1

5
3

2 AC

250

260

270

“

280 over

-

M
EN

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

87
80

A O .0
A O ,0

$
1 5 6 . 5C
156.50

$
15A.5C
15A.00

$
$
1A8.00-162.00
1A8.00-161.50

-

-

~

1

-

-

-

"

1A
1A

11
11

37
33

13
12

1

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

200
181
3G

AO.O
A O *0
AO.O

131.50
132.00
12A.CC

133.00
13A.00
135.50

12A.50-1A3.CO
1 2 6 . 0 0 - 1 A 5 .00
1 1 2 . 0 0 - 1A6.00

7
7
3

2
2
1

11
11
2

12
10
A

53
A1
A

62
60
8

32
31
6

12
11
2

6
5

3
3

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

89
85

39.5
39.5

111.50
111.50

11A.50
11A.50

102.00-122.50
1 0 2 . 0 0 - 1 2 2 . CO

4
3

11
11

19
18

22
22

31
29

2
2

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -

37

AO.5

23A.00

235.00

206.00-267.50

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

i

~

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING

70
53

39.5
39.5

178.50
17C.C0

175.00
171.00

158.50-185.50
156.50-180.50

_

_

“

“

1
1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ---------------

A3

39.5

157.50

163.50

1A8.50-172.50

-

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

AA
A3

A O .C
AO.O

217.00
218.00

219.00
220.00

192.50-235.00
193.50-235.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

159
110

AO.O
40.0

158.00
159.50

160.00
161.00

1A7.00-165.00
151.00-166.00

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

60
A2

AO.O
AO.O

121.00
121.00

120.50
120.00

111.0Q-13A.50
111.00-136.50

5
5

_

_

-

4
3

6
6

9
7

11
9

16
1A

8
8

5

-

4

3

A

12

13

5
5

3
"

-

1

7
4

-

-

2

3

1

5
1

_

2

'

"

7
7

3
3

5
5

2
1

6

-

6

~

i

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

5

1

_

-

_

'

"

"

'

-

2

2

-

1
1

3
-

~

-

10
6

10

7

16
12

1A

9

10

A

29
1A

32
23

A7
39

2C
1A

2
1

5
5

-

-

-

-

8
8

3

7

_

3

7

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

”

-

-

-

3
3

*

i
i

12

"

~

W
OMEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS B --------------

29

AO.O

123.00

123.00

120.00-132.50

_

3

i

3

15

1

2

4

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS C --------------

A1

AC .0

116.50

1 1 A .50

110.50-123.00

-

9

-

13

15

"

-

A

58

AO.5
A 1. 0

1A3.53
1AA.0C

1AA.00
1A6.00

133.00-156.00
133.00-160.50

-

-

-

8

1

19

9

11

6

8
6

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

See

footn otes

at

end




o f

ta b les,

A1

8

9

-

i

-

-

11
T a b le A - 3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n u a ry 1971)
Average

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)
Weekly

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
(standard]

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

485
39
446
90
66

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)—
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

213
196
89

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 8 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

45

4 0 .0

36

4 0 .0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

92

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

8 4 .0 0

92

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

248
38
210

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

9 6 .5 0
1 0 9.50
9 4 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------

685
50

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

635
117

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

208

4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

46

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

110.50

172

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

32
140

9 3 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

30

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------ —
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

682

3 9 .0

134.50

90
592
237

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

141.00
1 3 3.50

55

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 4 0.00
133.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------- ------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

963
144

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

819
325
199

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

9 7 .0 0
102.50

4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0

63
46

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

105.00
9 6 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------- --—

9 5 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

209

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 9 .5 0

204

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

153
148

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

359

4 0 .0

339
100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

103.50
103.00
9 6 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES — --------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

209
82
127
34

3
4
3
3
3

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

164
161
58

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

260
31
229

39

63
34

9
0
9
9
9

.5
.0
.0
.0
.5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0

11
11
11
13

4
6
3
1

.5
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

100.00

3 9 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
8 7 . OC

3 9 .5

112.00

40
39
39
40

1 1 8.50
111.00

.0
.5
.0
.0

1 2 4.00
102.50

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

1 ,2 5 7
242
1 ,0 1 5
384
156

1 2 2 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC UTILITIES ■

123
101
43

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC UTILITIES •
RETAIL TRADE --------

275
30
245
70
37

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

370
89
281
93
46

3 9 .5 1 2 5 .5 0
4 0 .5 1 3 0 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 2 4 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 4 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

488
101
387
178
50

3 9 .0 1 1 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 2 0 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 1 0 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 1 3 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

638
91
547
222
40

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 0 .0 0
9 8 . OC
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

261
84
177
77

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

55
35

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

242
241
90

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .C
3 8 .5




3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

1 1 5.50
111.00

8 4 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

90
83

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

229
205

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 0.50
131.00

32

4 0 .0

125.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

130
104

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

113.00
1 1 3.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------------

44

2 2 6.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

82
63

3 9 .5

175.00
1 6 6.50

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

54
50

3 9 .C
3 9 .0

1 5 6.00
158.50

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

46
45

4 0 .C

216.00

4 0 .0

216.50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

160

4 0 .0

111

4 0 .0

158.00
159.50

61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

121.00
1 2 1.00

58

4 0 .5

41

4 1 .0

1 4 3.50
144.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

See fo o tn o te at end o f t a b le s

28
29

$
9 1 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

111.00

26

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

42

o

60
60

227
70
157

o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

9 8 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

*
o
o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CONTINUED

156.50
1 5 6.50

o
o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

105
99

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

3 9 .5

12
T a b le A - 4 .

M a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a s is by industry d ivision , New O rleans, La. , January 1971)
Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber o f w ork ers re ce iv in g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
*
*
t
$
*
$
t
$
*
$
$
$
«
%
»
$
$
t
90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 00 3 .2 0 3 . 40 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 . 00 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4.6C 4 .8 0
%

Number
of
workers

Mean ^

Median^

Middle range ^

$
5 .0 0 5 .2 0

%

id
er

and

00 2 .1 0

2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

3 .20 3 .4 0

3. 60 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 . 20 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0

M
EN
$

142
56

$
4.21
4.1 5

86
40

4 .2 5
4 .7 3

$
4
4
4
5

377
256

4 .1 0
4 .1 5

4.20
4.2 5

121
59

4 .0 0
4 .1 9

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------

282
143
139

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

341
154

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------

$

23

1

3 .7 9 -

4.45

4 .1 0 3 .1 4 3 .0 8 -

4 .2 4
5.72
5.78

-

3 .7 4 -

4.45

-

3 .8 4 -

4.46

4.03
4.27

3 .6 3 3 .7 4 -

4.34
4.49

3.75
3.97

3.88

3 .5 5 -

4.09

-

5

_

5

3.92

3 .5 2

3.61

3 .8 5 3 .0 4 -

4.09
4.09

-

5

-

5

40

4.0 4

4 .2 3

3 .6 5 -

4.4 1

107
94

3.21
3.35

3.28

2 .8 5 3 .0 9 -

3.79
3.83

7

4
4

4
4

-

2 .5 9 2 .7 9 2 .4 1 -

3.7 1
3.88
3.15

-

4
4
2

18
16
2
-

21
21
20

.1
.1
.0
.7

4
5
8
3

3.35

3.05

2.96
3.38
2 .7 9

170

3.31
2.83
2.84

2.77

2 .4 1 -

4.1 9
4.1 9

4.28
4.28

3 .8 4 3 .8 1 -

3 .2 5 3 .2 6 -

4.46
4.1 3

4 .2 3
4.28

3 .2 3 3 .1 9 3 .2 2 -

4.48
4.49
3.53
4.34
4.3 5
3.99

-

-

23
14

-

-

2

-

-

3

2
"

-

-

“

2

5

2

-

5

187

3.98

697
117

3.68
4 .0 4

580
536
26

4 .0 8
3.35

3.27

6
5
1
“

4
i
3
"

2
1
1
1

8
2
6
-

46
32
14

15
6
9
~

6
5
1
-

2
2
-

4
4
-

23
23

51
25
26
6

29
24
5
5

47
25
22

58
41
17
14

93
81
12
8

23
15
8
8

6
6
6

10
9
1
“

_
-

-

-

12

1

12

1

-

-

6
“

4
4

-

19
19
19

20
20
20

4
4
4

10
10
10

42
26
16
16

-

4
4

16
16

13
2
11
1

12
12
3

16
16
12

73
73
-

62
40
22
1

35
20
15
13

13
13
8

1
1
1

3
1
2
“

3
3
-

1
1
1

4
4

4
4

4
4

25
25

6
6

13
13

18
18

8
8

“

_

-

*

-

*

27
27
27

10
4
6
6

28
6
22
1C

28
28
-

12
4
8
8

28
16
12
12

70
54
16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

12
12

33
32

16
16

12
8

75
59

70
70

3
3

21
21

-

-

-

115
115
115
“

4
4
4

1
1

-

3
*

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

15
4
ii
10

10
10
10

10
10
10

38
8
30
30

90
10
80
76
4

25
12
13
13

46
28
18
15
3

52
6
46
36
4

43
10
33
31
2

41
15
26
15
-

78
24
54
54
-

130
130
130
*

“

“

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

1

1

1

1

41
39
2

114
111
3

71
63
8

117
64
53

183
169
14

41
41
-

268
264
4

42
38
4

28
22
6

13
2
11

20
4

_

_

76
76

_

-

24
20

-

-

*

“

2
2

2
2
“

16
16

3
1
2

31
25
6

40
26
14

26
26
*

1
1

8
8

921
814
107

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

122

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

158
87

3.58

3 .1 5 -

4.04

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

128
115

4 .2 3

4.3 2
4.33

4.39
4.39

14
14

4
4

_

4 .2 3

4 .0 4 4 .0 5 -

4
4

31
20

50
50

4
4

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

46
29

3.8 1
3.89

4.01
4.0 4

3 .5 4 3 .5 4 -

4.07
4 .0 9

6
6

16
4

_

-

18
14

6
5

-




3.95
3.69

3 .6 1 3 .5 6 3 .6 3 -

4 .1 7
4 .2 8

4.32
4.3 4

4 .0 9 4 .3 0 -

4.36
4.37

3.89

4.00
4.06

3 .5 7 3 .8 7 -

4.30
4.3 4

4 .1 0
3.64

71

* W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s:
See footn otes at end o f tables.

3.95
3.90

102

3.93

*25
25
25

4
4

“

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

3.95

-

32
13
19
12

4.46
4.47

4 .0 7
3.59

-

-

1

~

3.14

256
235

-

_

-

_

_

-

_

1

_

2

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

3

3

21 at $ 5 .6 0 to $ 5 .8 0 ; and 4 at $ 5 .8 0 to $6.

17
2
15

_

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

21
19

-

*

-

-

-

-

*

13
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l and m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A verage stra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b asis by industry division , New O rleans, L a ., January 1971)
Number o f w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3
t
1.40

Sex, occupation, and industry division
workers

Mean 2

Medi an2

s

t

t

1

2.60

2.80

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

t
3.60

$

2.40

$
3.00

s

2.20

$
2 .3 0

$

2.00

$
2.10

*

1.80

*
1 .9 0

3.80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

$
4.40

$
4.60

4.80

1.80

1,90

2 .0 0

2.10

2.20

2.30

2 .4 0

2.60

2.8C

3 . CO

3.20

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3.80

4 .0 0

4.20

4 .4 0

4.60

4.80

5.00

18
6

7

44

15
-

34
-

51

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

34

14
37

11
11

2

3
15

14
8

5

40
4

2
-

18

2

12

6

"

69

72
4

57
15
42
-

199
114

44

91

33

17
7

1
-

85

11
5
2

68
23

30
19
11

10
-

%
1.50

$
1.60

t
1.70

1.60

1.70

$

$

t

and
under

Middle range 2

1.5 0

S

“

HEN
$

$
1.6 9

$
1 .6 5 -

1.85

10
-

1046
-

245
-

47

56

3.36

3
-

379

2 .3 1 1 .6 4 -

1.83

3

10

1046

245

8
371

4

1.7 8

2.37
1.69

43

1
55

1.95
2.66

1.76
2.72

1 .6 6 2 .3 6 -

2.15
3.01

11C
-

102
-

739

191
17

71
4

133
6

1.83
2.54

1 .6 5 2 .2 4 1 .6 2 -

1.91
2.84
1.87

110
-

102
-

554
-

174
-

67
-

127
4

1.7 5

1.73
2.37
1.70

16
723
-

558
4

110

35

239

97

113

20

69

11
5

2.26
2.7 2
1.94

1 .7 9 -

3.02

-

_

192

158

2 .1 8 -

3.03

26
-

20
17

915

2.40
2.59
2.27

3.55
1.99

1 .7 3 3 .3 3 -

3.02
3.65

-

26
-

3
-

43
71
-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

2,00 0
97

1.8 2
2.67

1 ,90 3

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

2,58 4
362
2,22 2
66
748

$

LABORtRS, MATERIAL HANDLING ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

1 ,51 7

93
435

3.44
2.16

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

785
72

2.30
2.59

713

2.41
2.80
2 .3 7

244

3.05

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

226

2.14

2.09

1 .7 5 -

2.66

74
152
45

2.61
1.92
2.00

2.70
1.94
1.99

2 .6 3 1 .6 7 1 .6 7 -

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

175
27
148
102

2.77
3.22
2.69
2.49

2
3
2
2

2
2
2
2

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------

77
45
32

3.25
3.40
3.05

3.17
3.19
3.10

2 .9 5 2 .7 9 3 .0 1 -

3.55
4.00
3.36

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

87

2.76

2.84

2 .3 9 -

3.18

_

-

72

2.72

2.85

2 .3 3 -

3.16

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

3,280
406
2,87 4
1,45 2
566

3.48

3
3
3
4

8
5
6
4

2 .2 5 2 .7 1 -

4.84
3.45

-

-

-

2 .2 3 4 .8 2 -

4.84
4.8 7

-

-

172

1.80

1 .6 8 -

2.58

-

1.98
1.8 8
2.00

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
3

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONSI ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le s




602

2
3
4
2

.9
.5
.6
.2

2
6
7
2

757

2.14

96

2.26

-

12

-

180
-

170
-

80
78
-

82
8
74
-

68
5
30
114

19
4
20
16
4
1
3

4
92
58
34
34

4

53

2
-

1 .7 5 -

2.52

-

-

69

79

20

53

26

3

64

3.02

47

50

50

-

-

-

-

121
4

29
“

32

-

76
-

2.20

3.17
3.02

-

63

2 .5 2 1 .9 4 -

-

-

63

47

50

50

117

29

32

76

34
19

3.08

2 .9 0 -

3.19

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

7

-

-

8
4

14

19

1

2.75
2.13
2.18

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

6

14
7

19

3

15
6

1
1

3.3
3.7
3.2
3.0

-

*

21

9

6
6
1

.6
.3
.5
.3

.4
.0
.7
.8

0
5
5
4

2.12
2.93

1 ,13 4

3.63
3.02
3.71

4.01
3.09
4 .1 7

2.53

2.53

3.33

.
.
.
.

1
8
1
0

.7
.8
.7
.9

7
5
0
6

5
4
1
9

-

-

2 .3 7 2 .7 4 2 .3 1 2 .3 0 -

.5
.7
.5
.3

5
5
5
6

5
8
4
8

4.84
3.38
4.85
2.59

6

33

15

1

33
2

-

2

8

7

-

-

-

2
2

8
7

7
5

21
19

9
8

10
2
8
8

_

_

1

-

1

1

1

-

_

7

-

172

-

7

“

164

159

77

4
160

1
76
10
1C

_
-

-

“

_

-

116

15

162
-

59
-

108

61
-

-

6

34
1
33

78
4

1

1
15

74

1

5

5

3

7

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

127

17

38

8

1

37

127

17

28

8

1

-

6

65
64

5

1

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

6

“

1
1

5

-

-

-

-

-

5

1
1

-

-

-

-

26
2
24
13

6
2
4
4

6
2
4
4

15
2
13
6

18
6
12
12

18
3
15
5

7
4

8
4
4

-

_
-

_

-

-

2

-

-

*

-

9
8

4
4

2

23

9

7
6
1

7
4
3

1
1

1
1

6
6

4
4

_
-

5

_

-

_

-

-

~

4
4

~

-

-

126
75

145
14
131
1

43
38
5
5

74

51
3
44

-

10

2

25

53

14
-

118
3

64
8
56

4
4
-

16

28

10

-

_

2

21
69

37

-

-

12

223
92
131
92

79
24

-

_

-

31
6
4

-

~
8
8
-

-

12
37

37

37

-

-

2

41
58

-

-

1
-

99

79

-

-

213
13
200
2
86

14

-

8
-

51

1
38

-

~

51

39

-

-

2

1
117

36
-

-

38

118

32

_

10

12

-

*
_

33
16

14

-

_

63

10

-

_

133
6

-

24

16

49

14

8

51
4
47

41
41

2

~

-

10

14

-

36

49
29

~

3

“

82
9

3
5

10

-

10

41
-

27

98
26
72

_

-

106
57

1

119
4

61

59

-

143
61

8

70
7
63

2
30

-

94
67

1

*

115

11

7
7

1

-

1
-

1
13

11
12

1

9
9

60
48

1

-

1

-

*

“

162

_

-

-

64
95
-

167

-

“

-

-

_

-

53
53
17

10
7
115
111
4
-

1 .9 7 -

661
34

121
1 ,01 3
177

-

208
38

12
57

100
43
57

115
2

93
8
85
85

1
3

“

1

30
28

8
8

9
4

67
24

2

5

43

2

1

20

9
9
9
90

16

28
16

35
21
14
14

13
10
3

3
1

1

8

-

_
“

*

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

74
18

-

1300
1300

”

~

“

”

-

-

-

3

1300

-

3

-

2

13
12

8

_

_

_

_

_

-

3

15
14
1

2

74

_

_
-

74

-

2

_

500

-

500

14
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A verage stra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis by industry div isio n , New O rleans, La., January 1971)
Number o f w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

i
1 .4 0
Mean c

Median2

Middle range 2

$
$
1 .5 0 1 .6 0

*
t
$
1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0

*
$
*
2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

*
n
i
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0

$
t
$
2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0

?
$
$
3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0

$
t
t
*
$
4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

and
under
1 .5 0

1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2.8C 3 . CO 3 .2 0

3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

M
EN - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS -

CONTINUED
$
4 .2 8
3 .2 6
4 .4 4
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 2
3 .4 6
4 .8 3
4 .8 4

$
3 .5 2 2 .8 5 4 .8 0 4 .8 1 -

304

2 .8 5

3 .0 6

1 . 7 7 - 3 .7 4

831
600
231
86

2 .9 4
3 .0 5
2 .6 7
2 .8 5

3 .0 1
3 .0 3
2 .8 1
3 .2 0

2 .6 3 2 .8 2 2 .2 5 2 .7 3 -

139

3 .1 1

3 .2 7

2 . 8 5 - 3 .3 5

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

728
704
93

1 .7 1
1 .6 9
1 .6 7

1 .6 7
1 .6 7
1 .6 8

1 .6 3 1 .6 3 1 .6 2 -

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------------

97

2 .2 0

2 .2 6

2 . 1 2 - 2 .5 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

735
97
638
556

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ------- — —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ------------------------------------------------

$
4 .8 6
3 .8 4
4 .8 7
4 .8 7

3 .3 6
3 .4 3
3 .1 5
3 .2 8

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

4
4

5
“

-

-

2
2

5
5

21
21

79
79
76

See footn otes at end of tables




-

70
23
47

-

38
38

-

-

-

-

10

100

_

10

15
4
11
10

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

61

-

-

130

1
1
“

4
4

8
8
-

65
65

7
7

79
72
7
~

50
40
10
~

163
153
10
~

164
104
60
22

68
29
39
39

140
134
6
4

27
26
1
~

20
20

44

1

78

4

_

_

16
16
15

-

493
489
38

114
110
31

12

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

6
2
4
1

12

-

-

”

W EN
OM
1 .7 3
1 .7 2
1 .7 6

27
27

19
19
6

26
26
-

29
29
1

10
10
-

2

14

21

1
1
1

11
3
14

26

-

6
-

3
-

1
1

-

480
-

480
480

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

4
4
-

~

•

“

_

-

_

_

15

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t practices and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e provisions

T a b le B -1.

M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o rk e rs

(D is trib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , N ew O r le a n s , La*, Jan uary 1971)
In e x p e r ie n c e d typ ists

M in im u m w ee k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 4

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5
N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

B a sed on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 6 o f —

A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

M anufacturing
A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch ed u les

40

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h o u r s 6 o f —
40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d ------------------------------------ ---------------

183

52

XXX

131

XXX

183

52

XXX

131

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ______________—

61

14

14

47

35

82

16

15

66

49

_

_

_

.

1
9
1
8
5
5
5
6
1
-

1
3
15
6
14
8
4
8
7
2
4
2
1
1
1
_
1

.

1
1
2
2
1
1
1
2
_
1
2

_
8
_
6
5
3
3
4
1
1
1
1
_
1
1

_
1
1
2
2
2
_
1
1
2
_
1
2

_
13
4
12
6
2
3
1
1
2
1
1
1

4

1
1
_
1
2
2
2
1
1
2
_
1
2

1
2
14
6
13
6
2
6
6
1
2
2
1
1
1
2

_

U nder $ 6 0 .0 0 ________________________________________________
$ 60 .0 0 and u n d er $ 6 2 .5 0 ------- -------------------------------------------$ 62 .5 0 and u n d er $ 6 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 65 .0 0 and u nd er $ 6 7 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 67.50 and u nd er $ 7 0 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 70.00 and u n d er $ 72 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 72.50 and u nd er $ 7 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 75.00 and u nd er $ 77 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 77.50 and u n d er $ 8 0 .0 0 ___________________________________
$ 80.00 and u n d er $ 82 .5 0 —,_________________________________
$ 82.50 and u n d er $ 85.00-,__________________________________
$ 85 .0 0 and u n d er $ 8 7 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 87.50 and u n d er $ 9 0 .0 0 ___________________________________
$ 90.00 and u n d er $ 9 2 .5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 92.50 and u n d er $ 9 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 95 .0 0 and u n d er $ 9 7 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 97.50 and u nd er $ 1 0 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 100.00 and u nd er $ 102.50-------------------------------------------------$ 102.50 and u n d er $ 105.00_________________________________
$ 105.00 and u n d er $ 107 .50-------------------------------------------------$ 107.50 and o v e r --------------------------------------------------------------------

1
10
1
9
7
7
6
7
2
4
1
1
1
1
3

1
1
2
2
1
1
1
2
-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

17

8

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y -------------------------------------------------------------------------

104

D ata not a v a ila b le ----------------------------------- ---------------------------------- -

1

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

1
2

2

1
1
_
1
1

-

2

XXX

9

XXX

27

13

XXX

14

30

XXX

74

XXX

73

23

XXX

50

XXX

“

XXX

1

XXX

1

“

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

16




T a b le

B -2 .

S h i f t d if f e r e n t i a ls

( L a t e - s h if t p a y p r o v i s io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g plan t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and am ou n t o f pay d iff e r e n t ia l,
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n u a ry 1971)
^ A U j3 la n t^ o rk e rsJ L n jT ia n u fa ctu rin £ _ = M i0<^i£ e r c e n t ^ _ _ i_ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t w o r k e r s —

L a t e - s h i ft pay p r o v is io n

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s having p r o v is io n s 7
f o r la te sh ifts

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on la te sh ifts

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

T o t a l----------------------------------------------- --------------------

80.8

66.1

13.9

5 .4

N o pay d iff e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on la te s h i f t ----------

7.5

_

1.0

_

P a y d iff e r e n t ia l f o r w o r k on la te s h i f t ----------------

73.2

66.1

12.9

5 .4

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ----------------------------

71.8

6 4 .8

12.5

5 .3

5 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ____________________________________
9 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s ___________________________________
12 c e n t s ------- ---------------------------------------------I 2 V2 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------13 c e n t s ___________________________________
14 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------16 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------18 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------21 c e n t s ___________________________________
30 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------

6.6
6 .8
1.7
8.9
3.6
36.5

1.5
-

1.3
1.5

-

-

-

-

2.5
.7
4 .7
.9

-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e --------------------------------------

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T y p e and am ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l:

-

1.5
-

1.6
4.1
.5
-

1.2
26.7
11.0
5.0
1.5
-

6.9
3.7
2.1
1.6
3.6

-

.2
.6
.1
-

.2
-

.2
.1
1.8

.6
.1
.5
.7
.5
.1
.6

.1

.1

-

-

5 p e r c e n t _________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________________________________

.1
“

.1

“

-

O th er f o r m a l pay d iff e r e n t ia l---------------------

1.3

1.3

.4

.2

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

■

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-shift workers, New Orleans, L a ., January 1971)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

32l/ i h o u r s ________________________________________—
35 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------35l/2 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------- -----O v e r 35Vz and u n d e r 37l/2 h o u r s _________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s ----------------i.----------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d e r 40 h o u r s ------------------------------40 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 and u n d er 45 h o u r s -------------- ------------- ------4 5 h o u r s ____________ __ __ ____ ____ _____ _______ __
46 h o u r s —...................— ................... ................... ........ —
48 h o u r s _________ ——---------------------------- . ------------- ----O v e r 48 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




A ll
in d u s t r ie s

100

(’ )
1
2
3
2
(’ )
67
1
11
1
12
1

M anuf a ctu rin g

100

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tra d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

100

100

100

3
6
11
1
50
3
4

5
2
23
2
62
1
4

1
•
_

(9 )

-

.

3

-

-

-

63
.
25

91
.
3

•

-

-

8

5

22

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u tilit ie s

100

100

R e t a il tra d e

100

-

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
72
21

36
7
47
(’ )
-

12
2
76
6
2

-

-

-

-

(’ )

1

-

1

18

T a b le

B -4 .

P a id

h o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s by n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d an n u a lly, N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n u a ry 1971)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s __________________________________

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

87

88

100

90

99

99

100

94

13

12

-

10

1

1

-

6

4
4
34
1

_
6
36
-

5

11
64

(9 )
1
29
1
2
2
1
7
5
2
21
6
6
(9 )
7
1
4
1
1
1

N u m b e r o f d ays
L e s s than 5 h o l i d a y s ______________________________
5 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------6 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s _______________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 4 o r 5 h a lf d a y s _________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 6 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 o r 5 h a lf d a y s _________________
8 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y . ------------- — _______
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s _______________________
9 h o lid a y s
_ __ ----------------- ------------ ---------9 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 o r 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------10 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
12 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
13 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------

(!)
(9 )
7

(9 )
1

16
1
2
12
(’ )
3
(9 )
2
-

2

5

(9 )
(!)
(9 )
-

3

2

18
1
17
3
(’ )
4

3

-

3
34

15
33
3

10

-

_
2

38
1
1
2
3
13
1
22
10
3
1
3

_

. 1
1

8
5
5
1
10
4
37
17
6
5

(9 )
1
67
4
1
21
"

T o ta l h o lid a y t im e 10
13 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------12 d ays o r m o r e ___________________________________
11 da^ s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------- -- ------10 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____
- - -------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
8 days or m o re
--------------------------------------------------7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------- ------ 6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------3 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
2 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------1 day o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end or t a b lo o .




-

2
2
5
5

19
20
37
37
44
45
79
83
83
83
84
87

-

4
4
7
7
24
25
44
44
46
46
82

88
88
88
88
88

-

3
3
51
51
87
87
90
90
95
95
95
95
95
100

.
10
10
12

15
78
78
78
79
81
90

1
2
3
7
8
22
30
54
61
v8
69
97
97
97
98
98
98

3
5
7
18
18
40
41
57
57
59
60
98
99
99
99
99
99

5
5
33
39
79
97
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

21
22
24
26
93
93
93
94
94
94

T a b le B - 5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y p r o v i s io n s , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n u a ry 1971)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97
94
2
1

99
90
6
2

100
100
-

100
98

99
99

100
97
1
2

100
100
-

100
100

3

1

“

3
25
(’ )
1

4
25
1
-

35
-

1
68
25
1
(9)
1

1
71
19
1
2

41
2
52
1
1
1

66
2
26
2
2

26
( 9)
68
1
2
1

44
( 9)
49
4
2

25
( 9)
69
1
2
1

42
( 9)
50

M eth o d o f p aym en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p aid v a c a t io n s --------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h -o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t - ---------------------------------------O t h e r --------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p aid v a c a t io n s ---------------------------------------------------

2

(!)
(9)

-

(9)

“

■

“

i
51
3
2

2
61
7
-

_
57
2
8

_
31
1

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n pay 1
1
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ________________________________________
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________

(9)

_
27
3

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek ________________________________________
1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________

_

_

_

_

_

_

63
37
-

65
33
3
-

28
71
( 9)

42
58
-

58
41
1
-

-

-

( 9)

9
88
2

-

-

8
92
-

34
64
3
-

8
1
90

-

0
(!)
( 9)

1
99
-

-

8
87
3
2

23
76
1
“

-

21
76
3
(9)
-

3
95
1
1
( 9)

5
86
3
4
2

99
1
“

16
84
1
( 9)
“

-

16
~
84
1
( 9)

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------

95
5
-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________
_______________________________ —
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

4
2

_
-

95
5
-

21

3

-

-

76
3
(9)

95
1
1
(9)

5
-

86
3
4
2

-

99
1
-

20

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s -----C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay p r o v i s io n s , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n u a ry 1971)
P lan t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

O ffic e w o r k e r s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il tr a d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tr a d e

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n pay 11— C on tin u ed
A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________ —
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

5
( 9)
77
3
10
1
1

5
1
75
14
2
2

93
5
3
-

4
32
12
1
5
1

3
29
27
24
2
12
2

4
29
12
44
1
6
1

3
21
27
30
2
14
2

4
26
3
48
2
13
-

3
20
2
48
4
19
1
2

11
75
3
11
_

1
80
5
14

6
5
90

9
50
3
37
-

i
38
4
53
1
3

“

“

6
5
90

9
50
3
37
"

1
38
4
50
2
5

9
50
3
36
2
-

1
29
( 9)
53
3
14
(9)
~

2
9
47
13
27
1
~

9
50
3
12
23
2
-

1
24
(9 )
23
(9 )
46
6
-

2
9
28
2
45
13
-

(!)
( 9)

2
60
9
24
2
3

_
93
1
6
-

2
82
1
16
-

-

-

_

2
51
1
46
i
“

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ______________________________________________

42

2
12
23
48
5
10
“

19
1
80
“

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
5 w e e k s ______________________________________________

-

2
10
23
33
14
17
~

19
1
80
-

2
51
1
46
i
-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ______________________________________________
6 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ________________________________________

(9)
1

(9)
5
58
37
-

_
19
1
66
14
-

2
51
1
41
6
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________
O v er 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




4
26
2
30
1
25
(9)
7
(9)

1

3
20
39
2
19
1

1
2
1
2

_
(9)
5
11
70
14
-

_
19

1

2
77
1
-

2
51
1
13
29
5
-

T a b le B - 5

P a id v a c a tio n s -----C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v i s io n s , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n u a ry 1971)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e t a il t r a d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

R e ta il tr a d e

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 11— C on tin u ed

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s _____________________________________________
6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s _______________________________________

4
26
2
27
1
23
( 9)
12
1
1

3
20

4
26
2
27
1
23
( 9)
12
2
1

3
20
34
2
20
1
16
1
2

4
26
2
27
1
23
( 9)
12
2
1

3
20

-

34
2
20
1
16
1
2

_

(9)
5
6
53
-

31
5

9
50
3
12
-

23
2
-

i
22
( 9)
25
( 9)
37
1
13
( 9)
-

2
9
-

27
2
44
15
1
-

_
11
1
9

2
51
1
13

-

-

53
24
1
-

29
5
-

-

2
51
1
13

-

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s _____________________________________________
6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------- ---------------

( 9)
5
6
-

49
-

34
5
“

9
50
3
12
23
2
“

1
22
( 9)
25
( 9)
36
15
1
*

2
9
27
2
44
14
2

9
50
3
12
23
2

1
22
<9)
25
( 9)
36
14
1
1

2
9

11
1
9
-

-

53
24
1

29
5
"

11
1
9
53
~
24
1

2
51
1
13

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le
1 w eek _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ---------------------- — --------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s ------ 1
-------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




34
2
20
1
16
1
2

( 9)
5
6
49
34
5

27
2
44
14
2

29
5

22
T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n sio n p lan s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n u a ry 1971)
P lan t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin a n c in g 12

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

O ff ic e w o r k e r s

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f th e b e n e fits sh ow n b e l o w -----------------

R e t a il tr a d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

100

100

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

P u b lic
u tilit ie s

R e ta il tr a d e

100

100

91

93

100

89

99

99

99

93

L ife in s u r a n c e — ------- --------------------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
A c c id e n t a l d eath and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ------ -------------- -------------- ---------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 13_________________________

85
44

91
44

100
72

77
23

94
62

97
49

99
76

74
20

59
30

70
28

66
53

51
18

67
49

81
37

71
64

57
19

69

80

67

62

71

86

78

73

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e -------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _________________
S ick le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ------------- ------ ------------------- .

51
25

75
38

41
28

40
10

40
19

69
21

19
14

58
19

17

7

18

25

38

46

41

39

14

-

33

19

12

i

24

22

H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e -------------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
S u r g ic a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p la n s ............ .........................
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
M a jo r m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e _____________________
N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
D en tal in s u r a n c e --------------------- ------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ....... .............................R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ----- ------ ------------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s _____________________

80
38
80
38
70
35
66
27
2
2
59
44

90
44
90
44
83
40
71
29
2
2
74
66

100
85
100
85
86
76
82
69
8
8
78
55

59
12
59
12
41
12
56
8
44
16

93
54
93
54
87
53
88
48
3
3
81
62

96
49
96
49
88
42
77
34
13
13
89
76

99
88
99
88
99
88
99
81
3
3
76
55

71
12
71
12
44
12
69
5

S ee f o o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

49
19

23
F o o tn o te s

A l l o f th e s e sta n d a rd fo o tn o te s m a y not a pp ly to th is b ulletin .

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e than t h e h i g h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th at a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d
w orkw eeks.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
6
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a nd e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h i f t s , e v e n t h o u g h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
8
L e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th at a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to t a l
o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w it h 9 f u l l d a y s and n o h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on . P r o p o r t i o n s th en
w e r e cu m u lated.
11 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t
tim e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b it r a r ily
and d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n l y t h o s e p l a n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
13 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t t h e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th at c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n an i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .







A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l

D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in c la s s ify in g into ap p rop ria te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u nd er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o rk a rra n g e m e n ts fr o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to es ta b lis h m en t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the grou p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age ra te s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on
in te re s ta b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l co n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip tio n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o s e in u se in
in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In app lying th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s tru cte d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; and han d icap p ed , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E
C L E R K , ACCOU NTIN G— C ontinued

B I L L E R , M ACHINE
P r e p a r e s sta te m e n ts, b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t ic t y p e w r ite r .
M ay a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th er
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re
c la s s i f ie d b y type o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . U nder g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u ir e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t, f o r e x a m p le , c le r i c a l l y p r o c e s s in g c o m ­
p lic a t e d o r n o n r e p e titiv e accou n tin g t r a n s a c t io n s , s e le c t in g am ong a su b stan tial v a r ie t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c la s s if ic a t io n s , o r tr a c in g tr a n s a c tio n s th rou gh p r e v io u s
a cco u n tin g a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d is c r e p a n c ie s . M ay b e a s s is te d b y one o r m o r e
c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

B i l le r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a ch in e (M o o n H op k in s, E llio tt
F is h e r , B u rr o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a tio n typing and adding m a ch in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ­
ra n d u m s, e tc . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n ts and shipping c h a r g e s ,
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be co m p u te d on the b illin g m a ch in e ,
and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te d b y m a ch in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s
a la r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f the b i ll b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld
m a ch in e .
B i l le r , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (Sundstrand, E llio tt
F is h e r , R em in gton Rand, e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y not have t y p e w r ite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i ll s as p a r t o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u lta ­
n eou s e n tr y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s , and u s u a lly p r in ts a u to m a tica lly the
d eb it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w le d ge o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s fr o m u n ifo rm
and stan dard ty p es o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

C la s s B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e ta ile d in s tru ctio n s and sta n d a rd iz ed p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e a ccou n tin g c l e r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , su ch as p ostin g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts w h e re id e n tific a tio n o f ite m s and lo c a tio n s o f p o s tin g s a re
c le a r l y in d ica te d ; c h e ck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le t e n e s s o f sta n d a rd iz ed and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a cco u n tin g d o c u m e n ts ; and c o d in g d ocu m en ts usin g a few p r e s c r ib e d accou n tin g c o d e s .
C L E R K , F IL E
C la s s A . In an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m containin g a nu m ber o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tter
f il e s , c la s s i f ie s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ica l d o c u ­
m e n ts , e tc. M ay a ls o f il e th is m a te r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p es in con ju n ction
w ith the f il e s .
M ay le a d a s m a ll grou p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a tter) h ea d ­
ings o r p a r t ly c la s s i f ie d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su bh ea din gs. P r e p a r e s s im p le re la te d in dex and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s c le a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r f o r m re la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .

O p e r a te s a b ook k e e p in g m a ch in e (R e m in gto n Rand, E llio tt F is h e r , Sun dstrand, B u rro u g h s ,
N ation a l C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ithout a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s
tr a n s a c t io n s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b e e n c la s s i f ie d o r w h ich
is e a s ily c la s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s if ic a t io n s y s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s re q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f il e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l and m anual task s r e ­
q u ir e d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e f il e s .

C la s s A . K eep s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d ge o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b ook k eep in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith the s tr u c tu re o f the p a r t ic u la r a cco u n tin g s y s te m
u s e d . D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is trib u tio n o f d eb it and c r e d it ite m s to b e u sed in ea ch
p h a se o f the w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C la s s B . K eep s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a se s o r s e c t io n s o f a set o f r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g little k n ow led ge o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t io n s in clu d e a cco u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cco u n ts (not in clu d in g a s im p le type o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d under b i ll e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is trib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n t r o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sh e e ts f o r the a cco u n tin g depa rtm en t.
C L E R K , ACCO U N TIN G
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a cco u n tin g c l e r i c a l task s such as p o s tin g to r e g i s t e r s and le d g e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in te rn a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p le t e n e s s , and m a th e m a tica l
a c c u r a c y o f a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts ; a s s ig n in g p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g d is trib u tio n c o d e s ; e xam in in g
and v e r ify in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l is t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s is tin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w o rk
in e ith e r a m anual o r au tom ated a cco u n tin g s y s te m .

CLE R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r ch a n d is e b y m a il, ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u ties in v o lv e any c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Q uoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m aking out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis tin g the ite m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r i c e s and qu a n tities o f ite m s on o r d e r
sh e e t; and d istrib u tin g o r d e r sh e e ts t o r e s p e c t iv e d ep a rtm en ts to b e fille d . M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it
d e p a rtm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ratin g o f c u s t o m e r , ack n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s fr o m c u s to m e rs ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e that th e y have b e e n f ille d , k e e p file o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k shipping
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

T he w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d ge o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f fi c e p r a c t ic e s and p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e la te s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c tio n s and a cco u n tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the w o r k e r t y p ic a lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r w ith the bo o k k e e p in g and a cco u n tin g t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s u sed in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u ir e d to have a k n ow led ge o f the fo r m a l
p r in c ip le s o f book k eep in g and a ccou n tin g.




NOTE:

S in ce the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a ,

CLERK, PA Y R O L L
C om p u tes w a g e s o f co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n te r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lcu la tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s tin g c a lcu la te d data on p a y r o ll sh e e t, show in g in fo r m a tio n such as w o r k e r 's n a m e, w ork in g
d a y s , tim e , r a te , d e d u ctio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and tota l w a g es due. M ay m ake out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s is t p a y m a s te r in m aking up and d istrib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u se a c a lcu la tin g m a ch in e.

the B u rea u has d is co n tin u e d c o lle c t in g data f o r o i le r s and p lu m b e r s .

25

26
COM PTOM ETER O PERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued

P r i m a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a th e m a tic a l co m p u ta tio n s. T h is
jo b is not to be c o n fu s e d w ith that o f s t a t is t ic a l o r o th e r type o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
quent u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r but, in w h ich , u s e o f th is m a ch in e is in cid e n ta l to p e r fo r m a n c e o f
o th e r du ties.
KEYPUNCH O PE R A T O R
O p e r a te s a k eyp u n ch m a c h in e
tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

o r v e r i fy

a lp h a b e tic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

data on

C la s s A . W o rk r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d gm en t in s e le c t in g p r o c e ­
d u re s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in te rp re tin g , s e le c t in g , o r co d in g ite m s to be
k eyp u n ch ed fr o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts . On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e rou tin e
keypu n ch w o rk .
M a y tr a in in e x p e r ie n c e d keypu n ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o rk is rou tin e and r e p e t it iv e . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific
p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o rk s fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts w h ich have
b e e n c o d e d , and fo llo w s s p e c ifie d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich have b e e n p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e
little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s o r m is s in g in fo r m a tio n .
M ESSEN G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o f fi c e m a ­
c h in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a i le r s , open in g and d is trib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
E x clu d e p o s it io n s that r e q u ir e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le as a s ig n ific a n t duty.
SE CR ETA RY
A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M aintain s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n s h ip to the d a y - t o -d a y w o rk a c t iv it ie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a ir l y in d e ­
p en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and gu id a n ce.
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : (a) R e c e iv e s tele p h o n e c a l ls ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s the t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s , and r e v is e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f il e s ; (c) m ain tain s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s ap p oin tm en ts as in s tru cte d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s fr o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a te s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s
f o r the s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r fo r m s
s te n o g r a p h ic and typing w o rk .
M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta sk s o f c o m p a r a b le natu re and d iffic u lty .
T he w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d ge o f o f fi c e rou tin e and un d erstan d in g o f the o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la te d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x clu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a r e t itle d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ove c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the d e fin itio n a r e as f o llo w s : (a) P o s it io n s w h ich do not m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ; (b) s te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l
type d u tie s ; (c) s te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o f fi c e a s s is ta n ts to a gro u p o f p r o f e s s io n a l, t e c h n ica l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ich the duties a r e e ith e r su b s ta n tia lly m o r e
rou tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o s e c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;
and (e) a s s is ta n t type p o s it io n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
is tr a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l du ties w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E ; Th e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
th ose o f fi c ia ls w ho have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e -w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p a n y a c t iv it ie s . T he title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ica tiv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify such p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a ct p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d ivid u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r deny in d ivid u a l loan o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r in d ivid u a l tr u s t a c c o u n t s ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f app lying the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s A
a. S e c r e t a r y to the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p re s id e n t)
o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f fi c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
segm en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .




a ll,

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p resid en t)
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
to r e c o r d

P o s it io n s a r e c la s s i f ie d into le v e ls on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e fin itio n s .

a ll,

C la s s B

c.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e ith e r - a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e fu n ctio n a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a rk etin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tria l r e la t io n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r org a n iz a tio n a l seg m en t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r
d.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d ivid u al plant, fa c t o r y , e tc. (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la r g e and im p orta n t org a n iz a tio n a l segm en t ( e .g ., a m id dle
m a n a ge m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t often in v olv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hun dred p e r s o n s ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C
a. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not equivalent
to one o f the s p e c ific l e v e l situ ation s in the d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B , but w h ose su bord in ate staff
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d oz en e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id ed into o rg a n iz a tion a l
se g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in turn, fu r th e r su bd ivid ed . In s om e c o m p a n ie s , this le v e l in clu d es
a w ide ran ge o f o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r tw o; o£
b. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d ivid u a l plant, fa c t o r y , e tc. (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r head o f a s m a ll org a n iz a tio n a l unit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); _or
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y sta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a ­
tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d tec h n icia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN OG RAPH ER, G EN ER AL
P r im a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v olv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e ith e r in sh orthand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e dicta tion . M ay
a ls o type fr o m w ritte n co p y . M ay m ain tain f i l e s , k eep s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m oth er r e la tiv e ly
rou tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e w o r k . (S ee tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .)
S T E N O G R A P H E R , SENIOR
P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion in v olv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in le g a l b r i e fs o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e ith er in s h o r t­
hand o r b y Stenotype o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d icta tion . M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten
co p y .
M ay a ls o s e t up and m ain tain f il e s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic du ties r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in depen d en ce and r e s p o n s i­
b ilit y than s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l as e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g ; W ork r e q u ir e s high d e g r e e o f
ste n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; and a th orou gh w ork in g k n ow led ge o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f the s p e c i fi c b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , or g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f il e s ,
w o rk flo w , e tc.
U se s this k n ow led ge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g r a p h ic duties and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
task s such a s , m aintain ing fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o ra n d u m s , le tt e r s ,
e t c .; co m p o s in g s im p le le tt e r s fr o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; rea d in g and routin g in co m in g m a il; and
an sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc.
D o e s not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .
SW ITC H B O A RD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o s itio n telep h on e s w itch b o a rd handling in com in g ,
o u tgoin g, in tra pla n t o r o f fic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll telep h on e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles
c o m p le x c a l ls , su ch as c o n fe r e n c e , c o ll e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , e ith e r in addition to
doing rou tin e w o rk as d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c la s s B, o r as a fu ll-t im e

27
SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR— Continued

TABU LATIN G -M ACH INE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

C lass B . P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. Assignm ents typically involve complete but routine and recurring reports or parts
of larger and m ore complex reports. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by class C operators. May be required to do some wiring from diagram s. May train
new employees in basic machine operations.

C lass B . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("L im ited ” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are referred to another operator.)

C lass C . Under specific instructions, operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, interpreter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. Assignments
typically involve portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform simple wiring from diagram s, and do some filing work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATO R-R ECEPTIO NIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O PERATOR, GENERAL

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the m ajor part of this w orker's time while at
switchboard.

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine records.
May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

TABU LATIN G -M A CH INE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)
TYPIST
Operates one or a variety of machines such as the tabulator, calculator, collator, inter­
p reter, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working supervisors.
A lso excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EA M equipment.

U ses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.
C lass A . P erform s one or more of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C lass A . P erform s complete reporting and tabulating assignments including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are irregular or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of machines.
Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training lower level
operators in wiring from diagram s and in the operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to selection and insertion
of prewired boards.

P R O F E S S IO N A L

Monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape reels, cards, etc.); switches n ecessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates computer; makes adjustments to computer to correct operating problem s and meet
special conditions; reviews errors made during operation and determines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or program er; and maintains operating records. May test and a ssist in correcting
program .
computer operators are classified as follows:

C lass A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following characteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirements are of critical importance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of complex design so that identification of error source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s may not be available.
May give
direction and guidance to lower level operators.
C lass B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following characteristics; M ost of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring b asis; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable time. In common error situations,
diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously pro­
gramed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
Operates under direct supervision a computer running program s or segments of program s
with the characteristics described for class A. May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.




AND

T E C H N IC A L

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR

For wage study purposes,

Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the following; Copy typing from rough or clear
drafts; routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; and setting up simple standard
tabulations, or copying m ore complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

C lass C . Works on routine program s under close supervision.
Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine program s. Usually has received some form al training in computer operation.
May a ssist higher level operator on complex program s.
COMPUTER PROGRAM ER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data
processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the precise
instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, mathem atics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programed.
Develops sequence
of program steps, writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects program s;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: W orkers performing both system s analysis and pro­
graming should be classified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing (EDP) em ployees, or program ers prim arily concerned with
scientific and/or engineering problem s.
For wage study purposes, program ers are classified as follows:
C lass A . W orks independently or under only general direction on complex problem s which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor processing steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of programing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.

28
COM PUTER PROGRAM ER, BUSINESS— Continued
At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment m ust be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions m ust occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing ot data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to lower level program ers who are assigned to assist.

C lass B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple
program s, or on sim ple segments of com plex program s. P rogram s (or segments) usually
p rocess information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records m ay be
p rocessed , the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on complex program s (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor.
May a ssist higher level program er by independently p e r­
forming less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fairly close
direction.
May guide or instruct lower level program ers.
C lass C . Makes practical applications of programing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. Receives close supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed to ,v e rify its accuracy and conformance with
required procedures.

COM PUTER SYSTEMS AN A L Y S T , BUSINESS
Analyzes business problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer program s. W ork involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory resu lts; specifies number and types of reco rds, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for programing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problem s and participates in trial runs of
new and revised system s; and recom mends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE; W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and programing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYS T, BUSINESS— Continued
maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the implications of the
data processing system s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data processing scheme or system , as described for
class A . Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance
on complex assignm ents. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system .
C lass C . Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity.
Assignm ents are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for system s analysis work. For example,
m ay a ssist a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by program ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSM AN
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts.
W orks with a minimum of supervisory assistance.
Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
C lass B . P erform s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used.
Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and p recise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C lass C . Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are less complete when assignm ents recur.
Work m ay be spot-checked during progress.
D R A FTSM AN -TR AC ER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
A N D /O R

Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
For wage study purposes,

system s analysts are classified as follows;

C lass A . W orks independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P roblem s are complex because of diverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically p rocessed through the full system of records
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons con­
cerned to determine the data processing problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on
the implications of new or revised system s of data processing operations. Makes recom ­
mendations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. P roblem s are of limited
complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related.
(For example, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,




Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during progress.

W ork is closely supervised

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment or system s by performing one or more
of the following operations; Modifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform ance of m ost or all of the following tasks: A ssem bling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
Work is nonrepetitive and requires a knowledge of the theory and practice of electronics
pertaining to the use of general and specialized electronic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement of electronic sy stem s, subsystem s, and circuits having
a variety of component parts.
Electronic equipment or system s worked on typically include one or more of the following:
Ground, vehicle, or airborne radio communications system s, relay system s, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar system s; radio and television transmitting or recording system s; e lec­
tronic com puters; m issile and spacecraft guidance and control system s; industrial and medical
m easuring, indicating, and controlling devices; etc.
(Exclude production assem b lers and testers, craftsm en, draftsmen, designers, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard electronic equipment as office m achines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

29
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)— Continued

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or
injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the prem ises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records

of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carry­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E

AND

POW ERPLANT

CAR PENTER , M AINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P erform s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions using a variety
of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials n ecessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical
equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of
the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into mechanical equipment.
In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ELEC TR ICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P erform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit
breakers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working
from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in
the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements
of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring
and Jesting instruments.
In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves; Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com p ressors, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and refrig­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b o iler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations.
Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H ELPE R, M AINTENANCE TRADES
A s sists one or m ore workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of le ss e r skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade; In some trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
M AC H IN E -TO O L O PERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling m achines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or
a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize when tools need
dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils.
For
cross-ind ustry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.




MECHANIC, AUTOM OTIVE (Maintenance)
Repairs automobiles, bu ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is­
assem bling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing broken or
defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing the various
assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. W ork involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tre sse s, strength of
m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transm ission
equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally requires
a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. W ork involves
the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail
holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIP E F IT TE R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assembling

30
P IP E F IT TE R , M AINTENANCE----Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER

pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p re ssu res, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
or heating system s are excluded.
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M AINTENANCE
F abricates, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal
roofing) of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications; setting
up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required.
In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.

C U S T O D IA L

AND

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
For cross-in d u stry wage study purposes,
shops are excluded from this classification.

M A T E R IA L

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
order, using arm s or force where necessary.
Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of employees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR,

(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)

PORTER, OR CLEANER

tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing

MOVEMENT

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing re c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining neces­
sary records and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance service s; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e r s, and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, M ATER IAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w are­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D river-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follows:
(T ra ctor-tra iler should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, customers* ord ers, or other instructions. M ay, inaddition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l l/2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers a;re classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le O n

Request

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s ho w n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A b ilen e, Tex.
A laska
A l b a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a , La.
A l p e n a , S t a ndish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
A m a r illo , Tex.
A nn A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t la n t ic C it y , N.J.
A u g u s t a , Ga.—S.C .
A u s t in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif .
B a to n R o u g e , L a .
B i l l i n g s , M o n t.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Con n.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
Cheyenne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky.
C o lo r a d o Sp rings, C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S.C .
C o l u m b u s , Ga.—A la .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
Doth an, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Min n.—W is .
S
D u r h a m , N .C .
El P a so, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D a k —M inn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itch bu rg— e o m in s te r , M ass.
L
F o r t S m ith , Ai-k.—O kla .
F r e d e r i c k - H a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . ~ W . Va.
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n Salerrr-High P o i n t , N .C .
W
H ar risb u rg , Pa.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H u n ts v ille , A la .

C op ies of public re le a s e s

K n o x v i l l e , T e n n.
Laredo, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , Nev.
L e x in g t o n , Ky.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d.—Va.
L y n c h b u r g . Va.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d i s o n , W is .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , M i c h
M e r id ian , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n.
N e w L o n d o r r -G r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g d e n , Utah
O r l a n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — e n tu r a , C a lif .
V
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P i n e B lu ff , A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N.H.—M a in e — a s s .
M
P u eb lo, C olo.
R e n o , Nev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
Sa lin a s—M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s . —Con n.
C
H
S t o c k to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T o p e k a , K a ns .
T u cson, A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a lle jcr-N a p a , C a lif.
W ichita F a lls , Tex.
W il m in g t o n , D e l.—N.J .—Md.

T h e e le v e n t h annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle t in 1693, N a tiona l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 . 0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e Sxiperinten dent o f D ocxim ents,
U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f its r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




☆

u .S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1971

0 -4 32 -4 67 (22:

are




A rea W age

S urveys

A lis t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e t in s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a ge and H our D i v i s i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u ly 1970-----------------------------------------------------A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970___________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________
A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1970 1
_
A t la n t a , G a . , M a y 1970 1---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1970 1_____________________________
B e a u m o n t r P o r t A rt h u i—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 _____
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970___________________________
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, Nov. 1970 1 __________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------------------------B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1970 1 ------------------------------------------------B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r . 1970----------------------------------------------C anton, O h i o , M a y 1970 1-------------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1-------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 ^ -------------------------------C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1 9 7 0 1 __________________
C h i c a g o , 111., June 1970----------------------------------------------------C in c in n a t i, O h i o — y.—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 __________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1970 1------------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1970 1_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct . 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k Is la n d — o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
O ct . 1969 1------------------------------------------ — ---------------------------D a yton , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1970-------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 __________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ------------------------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1970 1 -----------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y l 9 7 0 1------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1970-------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O c t . 1970 1 ___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1971 1______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 0 1__________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1970 1__________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N .H ., June 1970 1_________
L it tle R o c k ^ N o r t h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1 970 1_____
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa AnarG a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970______________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y. I n d . , N o v . 1970--------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1---------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1970 1 ___________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N ov. 1970_______________________
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1 9 7 0 * -------------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1971__________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1970 1____________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l, M in n . , Jan. 1971_________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1 6 8 5- 18,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1685-21,
1 6 8 5 -1 1,
1685-43,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1685-28,
1685-33,
1685-22,

cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
cents
cents
30ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35 c e n ts
40 ce n ts
35c e n t s
60 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1685-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1685-25,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1685-31,
1685-39,
1685-37,
1685-16,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35 c e n ts
30ce n ts
35c e n t s
35 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
35c e n ts
35c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35c e n t s

1660-64,
1685-27,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1685-30,
1685-29,
1685-40,
1660-74,
1685-44,

45 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
35 ce n ts
35c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




30
30
35
35
50
50
30

A rea
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 1 9 7 0 1_____
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1_______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 _________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 1 _______________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 __________________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1 ___________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1 ___________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 7 0 1___________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 __________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 ___________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1 ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1________________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 7 0 ___________________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 ___________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffice occu p a tio n s on ly),
A u g . 1 9 7 0 ___________________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 7 0 1 _____________________________________
S t. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1 9 7 0 ________________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 7 0 * ____________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o - R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
D e c . 1 9 7 0 1 _________________________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 __________________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c c r - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 0 ________________
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 ____________________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 1______________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 ___________________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , D e c . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 _________________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 7 0 1 __________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 _____________________________________
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ___________________
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 _______________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 7 0 1 ____________________________________
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 _________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 1__________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1_______________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 7 0 1___________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 ___________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1 _______________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1 ______________________ I__________ __
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 7 0 ______________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c :e
1660-•85,
1660-■47.
1685-■35,
1685-■36,
1660- ■89,

35
50
30
40
75

c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts

1660- 59,
16 8 5- 5,
16 8 5- 14,
1660- 87,
1 6 8 5 - 34,
1660- 70,
1660- 60,
16 8 5-■19,
1660- 77,

35
30
35
45
50
35
50
30
40

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
cents

1660- 72,
1685- 12,
1660- 65,

30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
40 c e n ts

168516 6 016 6 0168516 6 0-

7,
75,
66,
26,
71,

30
35
40
35
30

ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1 6 8 5 - 42,
1 6 8 5 - 20,
1 6 8 5- 23,
16 8 5 - 13,
1660- 80,
1 6 8 5- 3,
1 6 6 0- 52,
1 6 8 5 - 38,
16 6 0- 62,
1660- 86,
1 6 8 5- 8,
16 8 5- 17,
16 6 0- 56,
16 8 5- 15,
1 6 8 5- 9,
1 6 60- 19,
1 6 6 0- 54,
1 6 8 5 - 32,
1660- 69,
16 6 0- 78,
16 6 0- 63,
1 6 85- 24,

40
30
40
30
35
35
30
35
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
50
35
35
35
35
35
30

c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
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W A SHING TO N, D C.

20212

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