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HILLSBOROUGH

1

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e T a m p a —S t. P e te rs b u rg , F lo rid a ,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lletin 1 6 8 5 -1 7
U.s. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 F ilbertS t.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e T a m p a —S t. P e te rs b u rg , F lo rid a,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 -1 7
February 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 3 0 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d a ta by s e l e c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n fo r e ac h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s __________________________
T ab le s:
1.
2.

A.

A t th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A ft e r com p letio n of all
o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s ,
two s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b rin g s data
f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d into o n e b u l l e t i n .
T h e se c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo rm a tio n w hich h a s b e en p r o j e c t e d
f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o ­
g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n it e d S t a t e s .

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ___________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _____________________

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

14

areas.

N O T E : S i m i l a r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b ac k c o v e r.)

are

av ailab le

for other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a n d s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g
S
a r e a is a lso av ailab le f o r
a u to d e a l e r r e p a i r s h o p s
( A u g u s t 1 969).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y
l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le fo r building c o n stru c tio n ; p rin tin g;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e ratin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o to r tr u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e l p e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

5

9
10
11

A ppendix.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , in N o v e m b e r
S
1970.
The
S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d by th e
B u r e a u of the B u d g e t th rough J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of
H illsb o ro u g h and P i n e l l a s C o u n tie s.
T h is stud y w a s c o n ­
d u c t e d b y t h e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A t l a n t a , G a . ,
u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f D o n a l d M . C r u s e , A s s i s t a n t
R egion al D ir e c to r for O p eration s.

3

O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n _______________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n ____________
m
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ica l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _______________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
su p p le m e n ta r y w ag e p r o v is io n s bien n ially .




1
4

6
8




Introduction
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u gh
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a . E a r n i n g s d a t a n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c l u d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n of s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not sh o w n
o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s not a v a i l a b l e .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s con du cts s u r v e y s of o ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tive e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W here w eek ly h o u rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ) . A v e ra g e w eek ly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g r o u p s exclu d ed fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e g o v ern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r tim e . C o m p a r i s o n s of in d iv id u al o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m plo y m en t p a tt e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s e m plo y ed
by h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y ch an ge o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n ew w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2, a r e b e t t e r
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h in the g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e giv e n th e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
f o l l o w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w in g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




The a v e r a g e s p resen ted reflect com p o site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
in dividu al e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l
State
r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g

1

2

e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f t h e s t u d y a n d n ot t h e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e t h e r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y o f t h e e a r n i n g s d a t a .




E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h is
b u lletin .
I n fo r m a t io n f o r t h e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e s e ta b u la tion s on m in im u m
entrance s a la rie s fo r in e x p e rie n ce d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d i ffe r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s ;
p aid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lth ,
in su ra n ce,
and p e n s io n
p l a n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r
this a r e a .

3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in

s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d

n u m b e r s tu d ie d in

T a m p a —S t. P e te r s b u r g , F la .,1 by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry div ision

A l l d iv is io n s

N u m b er o f establish m en ts

W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4
W i t h in s c o p e
o f st u d y 3

S t u d i ed

--------------------------------------------------------

M a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________ _____________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________ ________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 __________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 4 __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 4________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ----------S e r v i c e s 6 7 --------------------------------------------------- — -

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

Studied
Numbe r

Percent

571

137

1 0 6 ,5 4 4

100

5 6 , 2 18

50
-

177
394

55
82

3 8 ,4 2 8
6 8 , 116

36
64

2 2 ,1 7 1
3 4 ,0 4 7

50
50
50
50
50

36
64
165
49
80

13
29

1 4 ,5 0 3
6 , 8 94
3 0 , 883
6 , 779
9 ,0 5 7

14
6
29

1 1 ,9 3 4
1, 301
15, 9 6 8
2 , 251
2 , 593

11
11
18

6
9

1 T h e T a m p a —S t. P e t e r s b u r g S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s
o f H ills b o r o u g h and P in e lla s C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n
o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n
w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t
d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w it h in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
The
S t. P e t e r s b u r g t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c l u d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
* T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o
m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); an d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t w o - f i f t h s o f t h e w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in t h e T a m p a —St.
P e t e r s b u r g a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s an d s p e c i f ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s —-------------------------------------F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s ________
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c t s __________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _____
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g -------------A p p a r e l an d o t h e r t e x t ile
p r o d u c t s __________________________

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

24
19
8
8
7
7
6

C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _____ 15
C i g a r s _____________________________ —
C a n n ed , c u r e d , and fr o z e n
f o o d s _______________________________
E le c t r o n ic c o m p o n e n ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s ______________________
N e w s p a p e r s -------------------------------------

8
7
7
5

5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
sh o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in d e x i s the p r o d u c t of m u ltip ly in g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y t h e r e l a t i v e f o r t h e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d ex.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x y i e l d s
t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to t h e d a t e o f
the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual r a te s of in c r e a s e , w here
s h o w n , r e f l e c t t h e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d on t h e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r t h e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p lan t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d key o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f t h e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im itatio n s

of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n t h e s a m e j o b , a n d (3 ) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s i n th e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at ev e n th ough a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t t h e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h of th e fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (m en and women): Office clerical (m en and wom en)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (autom otive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Cleiks, order
T ool and die makers
class B
Clerks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptom eter operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
A and B
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
O ffice boys and girls

The
p lie d b y the
in th e g r o u p
w ere related
g a te f o r the

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f fe c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o rk s c h e d u le s , a s su ch , o r by p r e m iu m pay
for o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e an y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r e a c h o ccu p atio n w e re m u lt i­
o c c u p a tio n a l w eig h t, and the p r o d u c t s fo r a ll o c c u p a tio n s
w ere to taled .
The a g g r e g a te s fo r 2 co n secu tiv e y e a r s
by d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a rlie r y ear.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




4

5

T a b le 2 .
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s an d s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s
T a m p a —S t. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 an d A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s




A ll in d u s t r ie s
O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

P e r io d

I n d u s t r ia l
nu rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

in

M a n u fa c t u r in g
U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

O ffic e
cle r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
nu rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

O
(* )

122 . 0
111 . 8

125. 6
118. 5

9. 1
7. 2

6. 0
4. 8

I n d e x e s (A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 = 1 0 0 )
N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 ________________________ ______________
A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 ____________________________________________

118. 1

110 . 1

(* )
(* )

1 2 1 .3

111.2

123. 6
115. 1

116 . 2
107. 5

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e
A u g u s t 1 96 9 t o N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 :
1 5 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _________________________________
A nnual ra te o f in c r e a s e
_____________________ _
A u g u s t 1 9 6 8 t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 _________________________
A u g u s t 1 96 7 t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 8 - ______________________
S e p t e m b e r 1 96 6 t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 :
11 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _________________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e __________________________

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n

c r it e r ia .

7. 3
5. 8

(■ )
(* )

9. 1
7. 2

7. 4
5. 9

8. 1
6 .4

t 1)
(■ )

4. 7
5. 2

(‘)
t 1)

4. 3
6. 6

3 .4
1 1 .3

3. 6
3. 8

(l)

5. 3

8. 0

(M

6. 2

9. 7

6 .4
7. 0

(* )
(*)

2. 3
2. 5

4. 0
4. 4

(l)
t 1)

2. 3
2. 5

7. 9
8. 6

8. 1
8. 9

6

A.

O ccupational

T a b le A -1.

earnings

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r i a g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o ur s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is by in du str y d i v i s i o n , T a m p a —
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Se x , o c c u p a t io n , and in du st r y di v is i o n

of

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e
$

Average
weekly

60
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range2

(standard)

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

veekly ea rn in gs of-

$
110

$
115

$
120

Ts
125

$
130

$
140

$
150

%

160

%

170

%

180

and
under
65

190
and

70

75

80

85

9C

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

M
EN
CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,
26

4 0.0

$
136.50
136.50

$
125.00
134.00

NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLAoo

D

105.00

$
$
114 .50 -1 59 .50
1 1 4 .0 0 160.50
1 1 9 .0 0 155.00

12

125.00
125.00

39.0

85.00

84.50
87.00

6 9 .5 069.5 0-

92.50
94.00

17
13

40.0
40.0

84.00
82.50

83.00
83.00

7 7 .5 074.0 0-

96.50
96.00

6

57
28
29

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

105.00
102.00
108.50

104.00
102.50
113.50

124
113

—

4 0.0

90.50
90.00

91.50
91.50

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

114.00
117.50
112.00
117.50

114.00
118.00
113.00
114.00

152
73
59

NONMANUFACTURING

4 0.0

7

*

9 4 .0 0-1C 9 .50

129.50
130.00

61

NONMANUFACTURING

13
13

1 1 2 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 -

147.50
148.50

-

-

17
17

1
8

1C
8

14
13

5
2

21
15

1
1

2
2

1
_
1

8
4
4

2
2

_

2
2

19
14

5
5

21
21

8

_
_

9
4
5

10
7
3

2C
2C

5

5

29

5

20

18

18

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

W
OMEN
BILLERS,

MACHINE (BILLING

NONMANUFACTURING
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

NONMANUFACTURING

1 0 1 .0 0 119.50
100 .50 -1 05 .00
1 02 .00 122.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A

142
^0

n o n m a n u f #c t u r i n g

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLA5S

D

NONMANUFACTURING
clerks

,

file

,

class

235

*

86.0 08 6.5 0-

2
2

97.00
95.50

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 133.00
9 7 . 5 0 - 123.00
111.50 -1 29 .00

5 54
143
41 1

39.5
39.5
39.5

88.50
87.50
88.50

85.00
85.00
85.00

7 9.0 08 1 .5 0 7 7.5 0-

44

38.5

91.50

85.00

8 1.0 0-

99.00

56

-

21
14
7

30
6
24
4

7
4
3

11
5
6

-

-

_

61
25
36

61
18
43

62
9
53

35
8
27

-

-

-

4
4

12

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

“

“

14

7

3

_

2

2

-

26
5
21
3

18
9
9
3

17
10
7

3
2
1

22
3
19

9
2
7

-

4

1

3
3

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

17
9
8
7

15
3
12
3

13
9
4
“

“
”

2

1

2

~

7

1

2

25
16
9

15
fc
9

10
10

6
2
4

16
e
8

7
-

1

1

-

-

7

1

1

5

4

25
10
15

5

22
18
4

21
13
8

29
15
14

16
4
12

35
8
27

5
1
e

3
3

9
5

2
2

4
4

14
1C

8
6

4
4

11
11

6

~

3

NONMANUFACTURING

85.00
82.50
8 7 . 0C

82.00
80.50
90.00

74.5 07 3.5 07 6 .0 0-

93.50
9C.5C
97.50

96.00
9 6 . CC
9 6 . OC

94.00
90.50
98.00

8 3.5 01C4.CC
8 3.00-1C 3.C 0
8 5.5 01C4.50

4

8 6 . 5 0 - 1 1 3 . CC
8 8 .0 0-11 5.0 0

1

3
3

“
“

“

-

-

”

“

e

4
4

1

i

3

1

-

~

“

3
3
“

6
4

a
1

i

3

2

5
5

12
12

4
4

~
~

~

“

5
"
5

7

-

-

7

2
2

2

“

“

7

"
"

-

“

-

1

-

-

3
3
3

3
2

~

-

1

3
3
3

“

-

-

1
1

ii
5
6

7
7

40.0

i

118
49
69

29
4
25
20

60
54

A3
H^

4

95
22
73

1

45
41

74.00
74.00




7
7

4
4
4

6 8 .5 068.5 0-

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

12
9

3
3
3

71.50
71.50

9 8 . 5C 1 0 0 . 0 0
1 0 C . 50 1 0 2 . 5 0

12
12

7
7
7

72.00
72.00

39.5

40
40

-

39.5
39.5

87

7
1
6

14
11
11

122
111

COMPTOMETER OPERATO
NONMANUFACTURING

-

_

19
13
13

NONMANUFACTURING

39.5
39.5

22
16
6

_

_
_

31
30
11

7 1 . 5 0 - 87.00
7 1 .5 0 - 85.00
8 1.0 0-10 2.5 0

-vu

i
-

20
20
11

77.00
76.00
88.50

198

_
-

63
63

80.50
80.00
90.50

CLASS Q

5
—

25
25

39.0
39.0
4 0.0

FIL E,

13
13

9

56

96.00
93.50
97.00

199
189
70

CLERKS,

7
7

“

~

1

1
1

1

”

“
“

4

“

T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , T a m p a —
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
*

Average
weekly

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

*

60

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

SC

95

ICC

*

*

*

*

11C

115

120

75

80

85

1C5

130

190

*
150

*
160

*
170

*
180

190

~

7C

*

~

-

“

*

-

and

130

140

150

160

170

180

2

2
1

-

-

2

1

*

*

1

“

46
9
37

31
7
24
16

32

9
3

26
26

125

and
u n d er

Middle range ^
(standard)

65
WOKEN -

*

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

1C5

11C

115

45
14
31

1

1

27
4
23

3C
15
15

20

14

10
10

6
8

83
48
35
5

98
47
51
5

54
32

1
1

-

11
11

7

6

6

-

3
3
-

-

120

125

*

*

190 over

CONTINUED
$

$

$

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

196
57
139

39.5
39.5
39.5

95.00
9 8 . 5C
94.00

92.50
97.00
9 C .5 C

8 4 . 5 0 - 1C 3.00
9 1.00-1C 7.5C
8 3.5 01 C 1 .5 C

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

224
57
167

4 0 .C
39.5
4 0 .C

86.50
9 C .5 C
8 5 . CC

85.00
92.50
83.50

80.008 4.0 079.00-

SECRETARIES -----------------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S

905
406
499
167

4 0 .C
4C .C
4 0 .C
40.0

115.50

67
43

39.5
39.5

1 3 2 . 0 0 1 3 0 . 5C 1 2 2 . 0 0 - 1 3 9 . 0 0
1 2 8 . 5C 1 2 6 . 5C 1 0 4 . 5 0 - 1 3 6 . 5 t

162
42

40.0
4 0.0
40.0
4 0 .C

124.50
1 1 9 . 5C
126.00
155.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---NONMANUFACTURING ---------SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

120

36

$

94.00
s e .c o
90.50

2
2

1 09 .00 1 08.00110.50142.50-

17
1
1

2

23

8

8

21

25

15

6

6

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

105.50
107.50
1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

102.50
105.50
97.50
1 1 0 . CO

9 4.0 09 7.0 087.0 089.0 0-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S ----------------

404
93
311
104

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

101.50
101.50
101.50
119.00

97.50
97.00
97.50
110.50

8
8 6 . 5 0 - 111.50
9 0.0 0-10 9 .5 0
84.5 0112.50 8
9 7.5 0143.50 -

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

121

4 0 . 0 1 1 2 .0 0
4 0 . C 108.50
4 0.0 113.00

107.50
107.00
112.50

1

1

-

116.50
115.00
118.00
123.00
9

40.0

1 0 0 .0 0

94.50

-

9
-

9

81.00
80.00

67.0066.50-

88.50
e9.0C

SNITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------—

171
60

39.5
40.0
39.5

8 6 .0 0

91.50
83.00

84.00
92.50
82.00

78.5083.5077.00-

—
TY PI S TS , CLASS A ----------- — ------------- >
MANUFACTURING --------------------------- -------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2 02

29
173

39.0
40.0
39.0

87.00
86.50
87.00

85.50
87.00
85.00

T Y PI S TS , CLASS B ------------------- -----MANUFACTURING --------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

251
46
203

39.0
40.0
39.0

84.50
84.50
84.50

83.00

1
2

-

2

-

-

11

-

*

-

25

21

6

6

20
6

43
1

36
16

14
3

42

20

2

3

11

33
13

7
7

*

A
A

21

8

4
17

A
A

5

11

7
4

19
9
1 C

18
14
4

3
-

8

17

1
1

7
14

2

3
3

94.50
99.00
89.00

12
6
6

26
1

12

19
7

25

31

12

78.508 2.5 078.00-

92.50
92.00
93.00

20
1

32
7
25

41

19

46
3
43

7 8.0 07 7.0 07 8.0 0-

£9.50
9 3 . CC
8 9.00

32

46

70
7
63

-

32
32

4
4

1

15

6

3

12
3

4

2

2

1

7
7

1

6

6

26

40

33
20
43

14
14

13

15

19

6

6

8

6

89
44
45
15

74
14
60
9

73
47
26
14

1

13
9

3

1

5
5

21

1

4

60
13
47
16

7

2

15
4

23

13

2
21

6

14
4

7

10

11
1
10

2
2

2C
9

8

11

7
-

22

1

11

1

8

8

27
7
20

12

12

32
5
27
4

24
6

4

10

11
1
10

20
20
-

3

15

76
41
35
5

50
43
7
-

A9
A3

33
32

19
7

6

1

12
12

45
32
13
4

58
2C
38

43

43
3
40
15

31
16
15
4

12
1

19

10

15
7

8

7

5
3

8

1

2

-

11

4

8
11
6

3
3
-

-

6
1
11
2

9

1

14
-

9
9

16
3
13
13

9
9

16

7

2

2

5

-

3
3

9

-

1
8

-

l
-

8

-

3
-

3
3

-

-

-

1

2

3
3

2

7
7

-

14

8

1

8

2

2

A

11
2

-

-

-

“

~

-

1

8
1

-

7
7

1
1

1

*

-

-

3
3

“
“

_

-

-

2

1

1

9
5
A
A

2
1
1

2
1

8

3

1
8

4

16
3
13
13

-

9

2

5
5
5

12
1
11
11

-

55
39
16
4

1

1

5

3
1

8

16

29
3
26

11
1

2
2

-

6

6

9

19
7

9
-

A

21

1

4

7
-

-

1

~

1

77
46
31
3
2

6

1

-

1

57
51

4
18
3

10

-

1

3

9
9

3

-

4
4

22
22

86

7
-

-

9

8 7.0 0-11 2 .5 0

79.50
79.00

9

-

9 4.0 0-12 9 .0 0
1 00 .50 -1 1 7 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

4 0.0
40.0

14
3

C
9

18
18
4

442
281
161
57

138.50
129.50
142.50
166.00

51

1
1
-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------




33

8

111.00102.001 13 .50 125.50-

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

21
-

8

. CC
119.00
123.50
141.00

83.00

6

25

-

1 2 2

137
121

21

50

140.50
1 3 3 . CO
143.00
169.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2

10

A

123.50
117.50
125.50
142.00

8 6 .0 0

31

4

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .C

111

60

32
4
28

234
59
175
57

SNITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A

7
14

19

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------

34
87

52

4

113.50
9 8 . 5 0 - 1 2 8 . 5C
1 1 2 .0 0 1 0 9 . 0 0
9 9.0 0-12 3 .5 0
1 1 8 . CC 1 1 8 . 5C 9 7 . 5 0 - 1 3 2 . 5 0
135.50 138.00 1 17 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

124.00
1 1 4 . 5C
125.50
1 5 6 . CC

54

-

2

3

C
2

3

8

2
2

16

10

26
4

1

22

-

15

9

41
1C
31

11

19

5

1

-

-

-

5

1

-

“

3

4

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

31

6

1

18
7

5

18

11

1C

-

-

3

“

~

~

8
T a b le A - 2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —men

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is by in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , T a m p a —
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la . , N o v e m b e r 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

M um ber
$

Average

$

8b

hours 1
(standard)

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

U nder
s

85

$

$

»

$

*

95

ICC

lie

12C

13C

14C

15C

16 C

170

180

95

ICC

110

120

13C

14C

ISC

16C

17C

180

190

of

S
t
190 200

210

220

230

$
240

250

260

220

230

240

250

260

270

*

s

»

under

200

210

$
*

2

A

8

6

2

3

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

19
13

25
12

2
“

-

A

3

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

2

1
1

_

2

5
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
25

5
4

11

10
7

2
2

3
3

3

_

_

_

_

A

~

~

~

”

39.5 143.50 145.50 132.00-160.5C

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING --------------

83
59

40.C 126.00 120.50 110.CC-128.5C
4C.0 125.5C 118.CC 106.50-124.50

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS C

32

40.C 103.0C 100.50

COMPUTER PRCGRAHERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

76
53

4C.C 172.50 168.CC 162.0C-ie9.CC
40.C 169.5C 164.50 161.50-184.5C

_

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------

26

40.0 238.50 243.00 224.0C-253.CC

-

-

-

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

82
54

4C.C 167.CC 164.CC 148.5C-ie4.50
40.C 169.CC 169.5C 148.50-187.CC

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

*

“

“

“

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

108
48

4C.C 148.5C 147.5C 120.50-169.5C
40.C 145.50 148.CC 136.CC-163.CC

-

14
6

13
1

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

67
33

40.C 117.5C 122.00 99.0C-129.5C
4C.C 116.50 124.CC 107.50-129.CC




rn in g s

y

$

i

9C

30

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .

$

$

CLASS A

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

.
i a ig

liv in g
t

$

and

9C

$

$

9C.0C-1C9.5C

3
3

4

”

7

1

9

1

2

1

2

i

_

4

_

_

_

i

8
8

1

i

“

~

~

A
A

A

11
3

6
3

6

3

'

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

3

6

7

2

6
2

22
18

9
1

11
7

6
6

14
10

7
3

5
5

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

14
9

A
A

17
1C

1

18
6

1

-

-

6

_

_

_

_

A

12
8

21
15

11
5

-

2

2

8

9
T a b le A - 3 .

O ffic e , pro fessio n al, and technical o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n com bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , T am par-St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la ., N o v e m b e r 1970)
Average

O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
o
f

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard ( t ndard)
sa
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

1 1 5 . 5C
1 1 2 . CC
118.5C
1 3 6 .5C

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

67
43

39.5
39.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

163
43
12 C
36

4 0.C
4C.C
4C.C
4C.C

1 2 4 . 5C
1 2 1 . CO
1 2 6 . CC
1 5 5 . CC

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

244
60
184
61

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

1 2 3 . 5C
n e .cc
1 2 5 . 5C
1 4 4 . CC

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S ---------------------------

442
281
161
57

4C.C
4C.C
4C.C
4C.C

1C5.5C
1 0 7 . 5C
1C2.CC
1 1 2 . CC

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------------------

40 7
93
314
107

4C.C
4C.C
4 0.C
4C.C

1C2.CC
1 0 1 . 5C
1 0 2 . CC
12C.5 C

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

121
34
87

CLASS A --------

9 7 . 5C
9 9 . CC
96.50

39.5
9 8 . 5C
3 9 . C I O C . 50

$
9 2 . CC
9 3 . CC

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

124
113

4C.C
4 0 .C

SC • 50
9 C. 0C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- —
PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S -----------

295
119
176
46

39.5
39.5
4 0 .C
4 0 .C

iie .sc
1 2 1 . 5C
116.5C
1 2 2 . CC

585
160
425

39.5
39.5
39.5

8 9 . CC
8 9 . 5C
8 9 . CC

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

45
36

38.5
38.5

9 3 . CC
8 9 . CC

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ---------------------------

207
194
74

3 9.C
39.0
40.0

8 1 . CC
8 0 . 5C
9 1 . CC

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

122
111

39.5
39.5

7 2 . OC
7 2 . CC

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

256
59
197

4 0.0
4C.0
4 0.0

1 1 4 . CC
9 2 . 5C
12C •50

39.5
39.5
39.5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

208
57
151

39.5
39.5
39.5

9 8 . 5C
9 8 . 5C
98.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

224
57

40.0
39.5
4 0.C

86.50
90.50
8 5 . CC

3 9.C
3 9 .C

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
’ nad (tnad
sta d r ) s a d r )

CONTINUED

TYP ISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

204
31
173

3 9 .C
4C.0
3 9 .C

$
8 7 . CC
8 7 . 5C
e7 .cc

TYP ISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

251
48
203

3 9.C
4 0 .C
3 9 .C

84.50
e 4 .5 C
8 4 . 5C

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS A

32

39.5

1 4 4 . CC

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

126
27
99

4C.C
4C.0
4C.C

1 1 7 . OC
1 2 6 . OC
1 1 5 . CC

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

44
27

4 0 .C
4 0 .C

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------

25

4C.C

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

89
27
62

4 0 . C 1 7 6 . CC
3 9 . 5 18C.CC
4C.C 1 7 4 . 5C

4C.C
4C.C
4C.C

1 1 2 . CO
1 0 8 . 5C COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
1 1 3 . CC
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------

51

4C.C

1CC.CC

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

137
121

4C.C
4C.0

79.50
7 9 . CC

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

171
60
111

39.5
4C.C
39.5

8 6 . CC
9 1 . 5C
8 3 . CC

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

46
42

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

87
77

Number
o
f
workers

1 3 2 . CC
1 2 8 . 5C

4C.C 1 0 5 . CC
4C.C 1C2.CC
4 0 . C 1C8.5 C

203
89
114

Average
O cc up a tio n and indu stry di v is i on

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS $
8 1 . 5C
8 2 . 5C

4C.C
4C.C
4C.C
4C.C

57
28
29




CONTINUED

916
408
508
171

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

See f o o t n ot e s at end o f t abl es

Weekly
earnings 1
(tnad
sadr)

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S ---------------------------

4C.C
4C.C

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING -

Weekly

93
70

68
53

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

Number
o
f

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

Average
O cc u p a t io n and in du str y d i v is i o n

9 8 . 5C
9 8 . CC

1 8 5 . CC

37

4C.C

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------

27

4 0 . C 2 4 0 . OC

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

87
55

40.0
4C.C

1 6 5 . 5C
1 6 8 . 5C

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S -----------

128
52
76
48

4C.C
4C.C
4 0.C
4 0.C

145.50
1 4 3 . 5C
1 4 7 . 5C
1 6 4 . 5C

79
35

4C.C
4C.C

114.50
1 1 6 . 5C

36

4C.C

1 1 6 . 5C

4 0 . C 1CC.5C
4 0 . C 9 7 . OC DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UT ILITIES -----------

1 2 6 . 5C

10

T a b le A - 4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t occu p atio n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T am p a —St, P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1970)
Hourly ea •nings3

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
$
1 .6 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

S
1 .7 0

*
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 C

$
2.CC 2 . 1 C

s
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

i
2 .40

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .8 0

$
3.CC

$
3 .2 0

$
3.4 0

$
3.6 0

$
3.8 0

*
4.0 0

$
4.2 0

S
4.4 0

t
4 .6 0

$
4.8 0

t

t

5 .0 0

5.2 0

1 .8 C

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 C

2 .3 0

2.4 0

2 .60

2 .8 0

3.CC

3 .2 C

3.4 0

3 .6 0

3.8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4.6 0

4 .8 0

5.0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

4

-

16
16

_

23
22
1

8
8

_

S

and
u n d er
1 .7 C

2 .2 0

MEN

M A I N T E N A N C E -------------

39

$
3.6 4

$
3 .6 9

$
$
3 .1 9 - 4.2 6

-

3

3

1

2

3

-

8

4

1

9

-

-

E L E C TRICIANS, MAINT E N A N C E ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

167
14 8

4 .C 6
3 .9 8

4 .1 3
3.8 5

3 .6 4 3 .6 3 -

4 .5 7
4 .5 1

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

5
5

4
4

1C
1C

3
2

4
4

48
48

2
2

11
11

21
21

24
24

_
-

17
-

E N GINEERS, STATI O N A R Y --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

131
68
63

3 .7 1
4 .1 8
3 .2 1

3 .7 1
4.3 6
2.7 9

2 .7 9 3 .2 3 2 .7 3 -

4 .6 6
5 .1 4
3 .7 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

32

20
12
8

1
1
-

5
5

1
1

21
5
16

3
3
~

_

9
8
1

_

4

_

-

-

_

-

4

-

H E LPERS, MAINT E N A N C E TRADES -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

76
48

2.9 4
2 .7 5

2.7 4
2.6 0

2 .5 4 2 .5 3 -

3 .5 0
2 .9 5

-

-

11
11

18

MACH I N E - T O O L O P ERATORS, T O O L R O O M -MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

64
64

3.2 0
3.2C

3 .5 8
3.5 8

2 .8 5 2 .8 5 -

3 .6 6
3 .6 6

9

4
4

30
30

1
1

MACHINISTS, M A I N T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

76
62

4.1 1
4.0 7

4.2 4
4 .2 3

3 .8 5 3 .6 9 -

4 .2 8
4.2 9

2
2

16
16

_

MECHA N I C S , A U TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

616
108
508
207

3.4 4
2.9 3
3.5 5
4.0 5

3 .3 2
2 .8 4
3.5 0
4 .6 1

3 .0 0 2 .4 6 3 .0 9 3 .1 8 -

3 .8 1
3 .3 9
3 .9 6
4.9 3

68
2
66

70
18
52
7

39
5
34
26

531
42 2

3 .7 7
3 .6 6
4 .1 6

3.7 7
3.7 3
4.2 6

3 .2 9 3 .2 3 3 .7 5 -

4.2 7
4.2 2
4.7 8

150
149
1

2

CARP E N T E R S .

ME C H A N I C S , MAIN T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P A I N TERS,

M A I N T E N A N C E — -------------

TOOL AND DIE M A K E R S ---- — ----------—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- ----

Se e f o o t n ot e s at end o f tabl es,




109

-

-

-

~

1

32
1
1

-

-

-

~

*

“
-

_

11
11

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

*

1C
1C

_

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

“

11
11

-

-

“

-

6
2

-

*

-

*

1
1

6
4
2

-

-

-

_

11
11

-

E
1

2
2

4
4

-

4
4

_

i

2
1

19
19

i

1

~

s
-

“

“

15
s
6
4

49
3C
19
12

22
8
14
"

39
11
28
15

102
7
96
25

68
14
54
13

4
4

31
29
2

23

26
26

34
2C
14

21
18
3

-

-

*

39

3.0 9

3.4 8

1 .7 3 -

3 .9 5

8

8

-

-

-

-

1

-

72
72

4 .2 9
4 .2 9

4.4 4
4.4 4

3 .9 6 3 .9 6 -

4 .6 3
4 .6 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

1
-

-

6
-

6

*

-

4

-

-

-

3
1

5

7

15
15

4
4

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

_

_

_

“

“

35

5
5

46
32

7

_

.

-

-

-

~
141
107
34

7

53
41
12

73

-

-

-

35
35

73
70

_

-

-

-

-

10

_

11

18

-

-

-

4

-

-

11

18

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

11
11

18
18

24
24

_

_

_

11

T a b le A - 5 .

C u sto dial and m aterial m o v e m e n t o ccupations

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u st r y d i v i s i o n , T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1970)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings^
o c c u p a t i o n , and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

s
1.6C

Mean ^

Median^

Middle range ^

)
1 .70

Under
S
and
i 6C u n d e r
1.7C 1 . 8 0

$

$

s
$
3C 2 .AC 2 5C 2 . 6 C

S
i.e c

$

S
2.2C

s

1 • 9C 2 • CC 2 . 1 0

1.9 0

2 • CC 2 .1C

.20

2.3C

2 .AC 2 . 5 C

2

2

2.7C

S
2 .80

S
3 .0 0

s
3 .2 0

6C 2 . 7 C 2.8C

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 . A0 3 . 6 0

i

%

%

3 . A0 3 . 6 0

3 .8 0

$
i
s
S
3 .8 0 A .00 A .20 4 . 4 0

A .00 A . 20 4 . 4 0

s
4 .60

A. 6 0 A . 8 0

HN
E

guards

and

166

$
2 .3 9

$
2 .3 6

$
2 .1 8 -

$
2 .6 2

e

4

l

3

16

12

25

2A

21

1C

e

1

2

31

118

2 .5 1

2 .A 6

2 .2 6 -

3 .01

4

-

l

1

-

10

23

1C

17

1C

8

1

2

31

6
2

3C

28
16

17
9

12

56

watchmen

MANUFACTURING —
GUARDS
MANUFACTURING
WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING

-

4

-

2

16

2

2

1A

4

175
19
1 56
"

126
26
ICO
25

92

6

81
35
46
1A

63
37
26
7

46
36
1C
3

33
23

4

6

59
32
27
5

3A

80

73
16
57

5A

156
50
106

158
1A
1AA

232
16
216

-

65

22

AC
ie

6

8

69

96

_

_

-

-

1
1

2
1

1
1

18
17

13
13

6
6

11
1C

6

*

12

8

8

i
i

15

8

7

_

_

_

_

_

-

*

-

"

*

_

32

91

8

6

85

51
4
A7

185
58
127

278
59
219

205
13
192

216
18 C
36

“

“

“

20

12

4
_

4

A8

2 .0 8

2 .09

2 .0 1 -

2 .35

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ----------------------------

1 ,2 6 2
298
96A
107

1 .9 5
2 .3 2
1 .8 A
2 .2 9

1 .8 3
2 .2 6
1 .76
2 .2 9

1 .6 7 1 .9 5 1 .6 6 1 .9 3 -

2 .21
2 • A6
1.9 9
2 .5 7

A2
A2
*

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1,276
299
97 7

2 .31
2 .3 7
2 .2 9

2 .1 1
2.1 0

1 .9 5 1.8A 1 .9 7 -

2 .7 1
2 .8 8
2 .5 8

-

32
32
-

231
222

2 .7 7
2 .7 9

2 .8 2
2 .8 3

2 .6 5 2 . 66-

2 .9 0
2.9C

-

_

-

-

78
67

1 .9 A
1.9 0

1.9 2
1 .89

1 .8 0 1 .7 8 -

2 .1 3
2 .0 5

-

12
12

7

*

15A
A7
107

2 .77
2.9A
2 .70

2.9 3
2 .9 3
2 .9 3

2 .2 7 2 .1 9 2 .3 3 -

3 .0 7
3 .1 3
3 .06

-

_

8

-

-

3 . AC
3 .5 5

3.C 8
3 .1 8

2 .6 3 2 .9 3 -

4 .2 8
A.A0

_

2 .8 2
2 .36
2 .9 5
3 .7 1

2 .69
2 .2 7
3 .0 2
A.A1

2 .C 9 - 3 .3 6
2 .1 0 - 2 .5 7
2.C 9- 3 .7 3
3 . 0 3 - A.A 6

3
3

ORDER
FILLERS --------NONMANUFACTURING
PACKERS, SHIPPING
MANUFACTURING •
RECEIVING CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING
SHIPPING CLERKS ■
MANUFACTURING
TRUCKDRIVERS
---------- ------------------- --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------- ----------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S ----------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------- NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

31
26
2 , A52
5A0
1 ,912
618

201
32

169

2 .07
2 .5 8
1 .9 7

2.2A

1 .96
2 .6 8

1 .9 3

1 .8 1 2 .0 5 1.7 9 -

2 .1 6
3 .05
2 .1 2

_

~
2

3

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

750
1A5
6 05

2 .7 6
2 .39
2 .8 5

2 . 2A
2 .29
2 .1 8

2 .C 7- 3 .7 9
2 .2 1 - 2 .3 9
2 . 0 6 - A.A1

TRUCKDRIVERS! HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------- ------MANUFACTURING----- ----- --------------- ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1,05A
127
927

3 .2 0
2.A 7
3 .30

3.1A
2 .57
3.2A

2 .9 1 2 .2 3 3 .0 3 -

3 .7 5
2 .7 5
3 .77

_

TRUCKDRIVERS! HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------

A07

2 .3 3

2.2A

2 .0A - 2 .7 3

-

See footnotes at end of tables,




_
-

-

'

375
2A
351
-

2A
”
2A

-

2A

_
~
8
8

22

32

6

4

77

A9

12

31

2

9
3

30

18

26
26

4

18

53

4
~

A

22

1A

31

171
171

2

19

61

-

12

20
2

67
-

67

*

12

_
-

A7

~

2

7

7

61

76

1

10A
10 A

1

12

8

6
6

5
3

-

-

-

18
18
-

-

*

-

57

-

9

54

1A
7
7

56

64
30
3A

A6
15
31

94
5A
A0

57

7
7

”

-

6

“

“

~
"

2

*

2C
2C

AC
AC

19
17

108
108

8
8

1
1

12
12

3
3

“

~

“

-

“

2
2

i

-

1
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

3

7
~
7

5

10

5

12

8

-

“

23

29

10

”

“

6
6

5

~
“

1
1

2

2
1
1

-

3

i
i

7

2
2

“

“

-

2
2

-

5
"

4
4

-

“

8
8

~

“

2
2

“

“

4
4

~

6
6

73
6C
13

1C

A3
18
25

A2
33
9

57

26

186
13
173

16

“

344
19
325
16 A

1A5

~

98
16
62
6C

_

7

3

6

-

-

3
“

-

16

lie

1A
1C

“

66
5C
16

_

“
6

4
4

7

~
AC
32
e

6

35

2A

33
12

3
3

37

10
10

“

~

5

2

16 A

2

31
19

279

123

2A

160

1

-

-

1 80

12

273

123

2A

160

1

13

A2

*

-

16 A

1A
1A

23
23

11
11
“

62

-

“

5

9

1

-

2

1A

16

-

-

"

10

9

18

7

-

4

118

‘

_

1

13
3

9

“

-

15

10
1

“

-

11
8

19
3

53

3AA
344
3A2

19

7

4
4

2
2

2
1
1

3
18

15
1C
5

‘
-

5
5

1

15

2
1
1

21

12

1

25

'

2

2C

21

12 A

5

6

8

32

11

~

6

“

“

“

~

180
~

“

“

1 2

T a b le A - 5 .

Custodial and m ate ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s -----C ontinued

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in du str y d i v is i o n , Tampar-St. P e t e r s b u r g ,




F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1970)

13

Footnotes

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the
p o s i t io n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th an the r a t e sh o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the
Z r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .




s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r tim e at
n u m b e r of w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s
r a t e sho w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e fin e d by
th an the h ig h e r r a t e .

A p p e n d ix.

O c c u p a tio n a l D escrip tio n s

The p r i m a r y p u rp os e of p r e pa ri ng j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's wage su r v e y s is to a s s i s t its fie ld staff in c l a s s i f y in g into ap pr o pr ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d unde r a v a r ie t y o f pa y ro l l titl es and di ff e re nt w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m est a bl is hm e nt to est a bl is hm e nt and
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
This p e r m it s the gro up in g o f o cc up a t io na l wage rate s re p re se n ti n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b content.
B e c a u s e of this em ph a si s on
i n te r e s t a b l is h m e n t and in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f occ u p a t io n a l content, the B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m ay d if fe r si gn ifi ca nt ly fr o m those in us e in
individual e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r those p r e p a r e d f o r oth er p u r p o s e s .
In apply ing these j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's field e c o n o m i s t s a re in str uc te d
to e x cl ud e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e rs ; t ra in e e s ; and ha ndi capped, p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r ob a t io n ar y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
BILLER,

CLERK,

MACHINE

P r e p a r e s st a t em en t s, b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a ch in e other than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m atic typewriter.
M a y a l s o ke e p r e c o r d s as to b il li n g s o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m other
c l e r i c a l w o r k in cidental to bil li ng o p e r a t i o n s . F o r wage study p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , ar e
c l a s s i f i e d b y type of m a c h in e , as f o l l o w s :
Bi ll e r, m a ch in e (bil li ng m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b illing m a ch in e (M oo n Ho pkins, El liott
F i s h e r , B u r ro u g h s, e t c . , w hi c h a re c o m b in a t i o n typing and adding m a ch in e s) to p r e p a r e b ill s
and in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' pu rc h a se o r d e r s , in te r na lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o ­
ra nd um s, e t c. Us ua ll y in v o l v e s a pp li c at io n of p r e d e t e r m i n e d di sc o u n t s and shipping c h a r g e s ,
and entr y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be co m p u t e d on the b illing m a ch in e ,
and totals w hich a re a u t o m a t i ca ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a ch in e . The o pe r at io n usu a lly in vo lv es
a la rg e nu m b e r of c a r b o n c o p i e s of the b il l bein g p r e p a r e d and is often done on a fanfold
m a ch in e .
B i ll e r , m a ch in e (b oo kke ep ing m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o kk ee p in g m a ch in e (Sundstrand, El liott
F i s h e r , Re m i n gt o n Rand, e t c . , wh ic h m a y o r m a y not have t y p e w r i t e r ke y b o ar d) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' bi l ls as pa rt of the a cc ou n ts r e c e i v a b l e o pe r at io n . G e n e ra ll y i n vo l ve s the s i m u lt a ­
neous en t ry o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . The m a ch in e a ut o m a t i ca ll y a c c u m u l a te s
f i g u r e s on a nu m b e r o f v e r t i c a l co l u m n s and c o m p u t e s , and us ua lly pr ints a u t o m a t i ca ll y the
debi t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s not in vo lv e a k no w le dge of b o o kk ee p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n i fo r m
and standard ty pe s of sa le s and c r e d i t sl ip s.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O PE RAT O R
O p er at es a b o ok k ee p in g m a ch in e (R em i n g t o n Rand, E lli ot t F i s h e r , Sundstrand, B u r ro u g h s,
National C a sh R e g i s t e r , with o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e yb oar d) to k e ep a r e c o r d of b u s in e s s
t ra n sa ct i o n s.
C l a s s A.
K ee ps a set o f r e c o r d s re q u i ri n g a k no w le dge of and e x p e r i e n c e in b a s ic
b oo kke ep ing p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y with the s t r u ct u re of the p a rt i cu l a r ac co un tin g s y s t e m
us ed . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d i st r ib ut io n of deb it and c r e d i t it e m s to be u se d in e ac h
phase of the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o li d a t e d r e p o r t s , ba la nc e sh e e t s , and other r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B. Kee ps a r e c o r d of one o r m o r e p h as e s o r se c t io n s of a set of r e c o r d s usua lly
req ui rin g little kno wl edg e of b a s i c b o o kk ee p in g . P h a s e s o r se c t io n s in clu de a cc o un ts payable,
pa y ro l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a cc ou n ts (not including a s im pl e type of bil lin g d e s c r i b e d under b i l l e r ,
m a ch in e ), c o s t d is tr ib ut io n, e x p e n s e d i st r ib ut io n, in ve nt o r y c o n t r o l, e t c . Ma y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in pr e p a ra t io n of t ri a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l sheets f o r the ac cou n tin g d ep ar tm en t.
CLERK,

AC C OU NT IN G

C l a s s A. Under g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r accou nta nt, has r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r
keep ing one o r m o r e s e c t io n s of a c o m p l e t e set of b o o k s o r r e c o r d s rel ating to one phase
of an e s t a b l is h m e n t 's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W or k in vo lv e s posting and balan ci ng su b si d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s suc h as a cc ou n ts r e c e i v a b l e o r a cc o u n ts pay able ; e xam in in g and cod ing
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s with p r o p e r ac co un tin g di str ib ut io n; and r e q u i r e s ju dg m en t and e x p e r i ­
e n ce in mak ing p r o p e r a ss i g n a t i o n s and a ll o c a t io n s . Ma y a s s i s t in pr e p a ri n g , ad justing, and
c l o s i n g jo ur na l e n t r i e s ; and m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B ac cou n tin g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B. Under s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine a cco un tin g o pe r at io ns such
as posting si m pl e jo u rn a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n ts payable v o u c h e r s , ent eri ng v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank a cc o u n ts ; and posting s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o ll e d by
g en er a l l e d g e r s , o r pos ting si m p l e c o s t ac cou n tin g data. This jo b d o e s not re q u i re a kn ow l­
edge of a cco un tin g and b o o kk e ep in g p r in c ip le s but is found in o f f i c e s in w hich the m o r e routine
accou nti ng w o r k is sub di vid ed on a fun ctional b a s i s a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




14

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an es t a b l is h e d filing s y s t e m containing a nu m b er of v ar ie d su b je ct m a tte r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in dex es file m a te r ia l such as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e ch ni ca l d o c u ­
m e n t s, e t c. Ma y a l s o file this m a te r ia l. Ma y k e ep r e c o r d s of v a r io u s types in conju nc tio n
with the f i le s .
Ma y lead a sm a ll g ro up of l o w e r le v e l file c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o rt s , c o d e s , and f i le s uncla s s ifi e d m a te r ia l b y s im pl e ( su b j e ct m att er ) h e a d ­
ings or pa rtl y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y fi n er sub headings. P r e p a r e s s im pl e rel at e d in dex and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aid s. As re q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id entified m a t e r ia l in f i le s and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r ia l.
Ma y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to maintain and s e r v i c e fi le s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s routine filing of m a t e r ia l that has a lr e a d y b ee n c l a s s i f i e d or which
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im pl e s e r ia l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp hab et ic al, c h r o n o lo g i c a l,
or n u m e r i c a l) . As re q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d i ly a va ila ble m a t e r i a l in f i le s and f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y fi ll out with dr awa l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im pl e c l e r i c a l and manual tasks r e ­
q ui r e d to maintain and s e r v i c e fi l e s .

CLERK,

O RD ER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l or m e r c h a n d i s e b y m a il , phone, or pe r so n a ll y .
Duties invo lve any co m b in a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : Quoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; mak ing out an o r d e r
shee t listi ng the it em s to m ak e up the o r d e r ; ch ec ki ng p r i c e s and quantities of it em s on o r d e r
sheet; and di str ibu tin g o r d e r shee ts to r e s p e c t i v e d ep ar t m en t s to be fi ll ed . M a y c h e c k with c r e d i t
de p ar t m en t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t rating of c u s t o m e r , a ck no w le dg e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l lo w up o r d e r s to see that they have b e en fi ll e d , k e ep fi le of o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , and c h e c k shipping
in v o i c e s with or i g in a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s of co m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the pa y ro ll
sh ee ts . Duties in vo lv e : Ca lc ula tin g w o r k e r s ' ea rn in gs b as ed on time or pr o du c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
posting c a lc ul a t ed data on p a y r o l l she e t, showing in fo rm a t io n such as w o r k e r ' s na m e, work in g
da y s, ti m e , ra te , de d uc ti o ns f o r i n su ra n ce , and total w ag es due. M a y m ak e out pa y ch e c ks and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in mak ing up and distr ibut ing pay e n v e lo p e s .
M a y us e a ca lc ul at in g m a ch in e .

COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y duty is to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a th e m a t ic a l co m p ut at io ns . This
jo b is not to be co n f u se d with that of st a tis tic a l o r ot her type of c l e r k , w hic h m a y in volve f r e ­
quent use of a C o m p t o m e t e r but, in w hic h, us e of this m a ch in e is in cidental to p e r f o r m a n c e of
ot her du ties.

K EY P U NC H O P E R A T O R

C l a s s A . O pe r at e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r alp ha b et ic al or co m b in a t i on keypun ch m a ch in e to
t r a n s c r i b e data f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e do c u m e n t s to keypunch tabulating c a r d s . P e r f o r m s sa me
ta sks as l o w e r le v e l key punch o p e r a t o r but, in add ition, w o r k r e q u i r e s ap pl ic at io n o f cod ing
sk il ls and the making of s o m e d e t e r m in a t io n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a t e s on the so u r c e do c u m en t
the i t e m s to be punched; e x t r a c t s in fo rm a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l do c u m e n t s ; and s e a r c h e s f o r and
in te r p r e t s in fo rm a t io n on the d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo rm a t io n to be punched.
M a y tra in
inexperienced operators.

15
S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed
C la s s B.
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s data f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to pu nched c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k ey p u n ch m a ch in e to k ey p u n ch ta bu latin g c a r d s . M ay v e r i f y c a r d s .
W ork in g f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a rd iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , fo llo w s s p e c i fie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich have
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e little o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g
o f data to b e pu n ch ed. P r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in fo r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l pla n t, fa c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a len t le v e l
o f o ff ic i a l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l se g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s rou tin e d u ties su ch a s run ning e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o ff ic e m a ­
ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a il e r s , open in g and d is t r ib u t in g m a il, and o th er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t iv it ie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W ork s f a i r l y in d e ­
p en d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r ia l d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the f o l lo w i n g : (a) R e c e iv e s telep h on e c a ll s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s rou tin e in q u ir ie s , and ro u t e s the t e c h n ic a l in q u irie s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l is h e s , m a in ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r s f i l e s ; (c ) m a in ta in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p oin tm en ts a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v is o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs
fo r the s u p e r v i s o r 's sig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r fo r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic and typin g w o r k .
M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l t a sk s o f c o m p a r a b le na ture and d iffic u lt y .
The w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n ow led g e o f o f f ic e rou tin e and u n d ersta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to the w o rk o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a r e t itle d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s it io n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e a s fo l lo w s : (a) P o s it io n s w h ich do not m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r ia l
type d u tie s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s is t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ich the d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin it io n ;
and (e) a s s is t a n t type p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u ties w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w ork .
N O T E : T he t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e fin it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f ic i a ls w h o h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e -w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t iv i t ie s . T h e title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify su ch p o s it io n s . V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s 'o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e .g ., a p p r o v e o r d en y in d iv id u a l loa n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t ru s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A

a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w
se g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y t o the ch a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o t h e r than the c h a irm a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a co m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d (im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a tio n s , e t c .) o r " a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or




a.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a len t
to on e o f the s p e c i f i c le v e l situ a tio n s in the d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e s u b o rd in a te sta ff
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o rg a n iz a t io n a l
se g m e n ts w h ic h a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in clu d e s
a w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l pla n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o ff ic i a l) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ea d o f a s m a ll o rg a n iz a t io n a l unit ( e . g . , fe w e r than
abou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r ie s as d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to this le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in sh orth an d o r b y S tenotype o r s im ila r m a ch in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a ls o type f r o m w ritte n c o p y . M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la t iv e ly
rou tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M ay o p e r a te f r o m a s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
D o e s not in clu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a ch in e w o r k .
(See t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)

STENO G RAPH E R,

SENIOR

P r i m a r y du ty is to take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
su ch as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y Sten otype o r s im ila r m a ch in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n . M ay a ls o type f r o m w ritten
cop y.
M ay a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g ra p h ic d u ties r e q u irin g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s i­
b ilit y than s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l as e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s high d e g r e e o f
s te n o g ra p h ic sp eed and a c c u r a c y ; and a th orou g h w o rk in g k n ow led g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ff ic e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f the s p e c i fic b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l ic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n ow led g e in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
ta sk s su ch a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , le t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ; rea d in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and
a n sw e rin g rou tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
D oes not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .
SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a ndling in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f ic e c a ll s . P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n dles
c o m p le x c a l l s , su ch as c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m il a r c a ll s , e it h e r in a d d ition to
doin g rou tin e w o r k as d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r as a f u l l- t im e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen the e s t a b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s that a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s , and co n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s as to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e fo r c a ll s .)
C la s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f ic e c a ll s . M a y ha ndle rou tin e lon g d is t a n c e c a ll s and r e c o r d t o lls .
M a y p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L im i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f the fu n c tio n s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le f o r telep h on e
in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f the r e q u e s t s a r e ro u tin e , e .g ., g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w hen
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a ll s a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n oth er o p e r a t o r .)

1 6

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T IN C -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

In a d d itio n to p e r fo r m i n g d u ties o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g le -p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r -t y p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk as p a rt o f re g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e the m a jo r p a rt o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C la s s C . O p e r a te s s im p le ta bu latin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a ch in e s su ch as the
s o r t e r , re p r o d u c in g pu n ch , c o l la t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y in clu d e sim p le
w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and s o m e filin g w o r k . The w o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
unit, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r co lla t in g runs o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

T A B U L A T IN O -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r ie t y o f ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly
in clu d in g su ch m a ch in e s as the ta b u la to r , c a lc u la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o l la t o r , arid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g a s s ig n m e n t s w ith ou t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , and p e r fo r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
T he c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta bu latin g a s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f ir r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p lanning and s e q u e n cin g o f ste p s to b e ta k en . A s a m o r e e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t ia lly t ra in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in clu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g t a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t io n * and d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v is io n o f the w o r k and p r o d u c t io n o f a g ro u p o f ta b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a ke c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to m ake out b il ls a fte r c a lc u la ­
tio n s have b e e n m a de b y a n oth er p e r s o n . M a y in clu d e typin g o f s t e n c il s , m a ts , o r s i m il a r m a te ­
r i a l s f o r u se in d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g little s p e c i a l t ra in in g , su ch
as k e ep in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g ’ m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : T yp in g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo r m w hen it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu a tion , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a ge m a te r ia l;
and pla n n in g la y ou t and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is tic a l ta b le s t o m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and
b a la n c e in sp a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m le t t e r s v a r y in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a ch in e s su c h as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o l la t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r fo r m e d u n d er s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s and m a y in clu d e th e p e r fo r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s . T he w o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p le , ta b u la tio n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it iv e
a cco u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e but s m a ll ta b u la tin g stu d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . Such r e p o r t s and s tu d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n a tu re w h e r e the p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b lis h e d .
M a y a ls o in clu d e the tra in in g o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic
o p e r a t io n o f the m a c h in e .

P R O F E S S IO N A L

GENERAL

P r i m a r y duty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l rou tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o type fr o m w ritte n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as le g a l
b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k es d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y S ten oty p e o r s i m il a r m a ch in e is c l a s s i f ie d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g fr o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a fts ;
r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; and settin g up sim p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y setu p and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

AND

T E C H N IC A L

COM PU TER O PE RATO R

COM PU TER PROGRAM ER,

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s data a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a tin g in s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
S tu d ies in s t r u c t io n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p and o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s eq u ip m en t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta pe r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y eq u ip m en t in to c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju stm e n ts t o c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s and m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogra m .

C o n v e r t s sta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly st, into
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u ir e d to s o lv e the p r o b le m s b y a u to m a tic data
p r o c e s s in g eq u ip m en t.
W ork in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e c i s e
in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w h en e n t e r e d in to the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e the m a n ip u ­
la t io n o f data t o a c h ie v e d e s ir e d r e s u lt s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo l lo w i n g ; A p p lie s k n ow led g e
o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and d ia g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h data w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s th e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c t io n s f o r m a ch in e t o fo l lo w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c t io n run ; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s t o in c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e ff ic i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s io n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o ­
g ra m in g sh ou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts if th is is the s k il l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s ;

C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and
in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; the
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o that id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n re q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n ow led g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t io n and g u id a n c e t o lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u t e r running
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s, t y p i c a ll y run on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s i s ; th e r e is lit t le o r no te stin g
o f new p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lte rn a te p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n eed s
m a jo r ch a n g e o r ca n n ot b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b le t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s itu a tio n s ,
d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k es c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g sta n d a rd c o r r e c t i o n te ch n iq u e s .

BUSINESS

D o e s n ot in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s i b le f o r the m a n a g em en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f
o t h e r e le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t i f ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s ;

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich
r e q u ir e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m in g c o n c e p t s and p r a c t ic e s . W o rk in g f r o m d ia ­
g r a m s and ch a r ts w h ich id e n tify the n a tu re o f d e s ir e d r e s u lt s , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g ste p s to b e
a c c o m p lis h e d , and the r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s ste p s o f the p r o b l e m s o lv in g ro u tin e ;
p la n s the fu ll ra n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e ff ic i e n t ly u t iliz e the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a ch ie v in g d e s ir e d en d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a te s u n d er d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r run ning p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r is t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r fo r m in g l e s s d iff ic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m i n g d iff ic u lt ta sk s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d .
C la s s C . W o r k s on ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p
w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and a b ilit y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
run ning rou tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly has r e c e iv e d s o m e f o r m a l tra in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m in g is d iff ic u lt b e c a u s e co m p u t e r eq u ip m en t m u st be o r g a n iz e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e ro u s and d i v e r s e data e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c t io n s m u st o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t io n s as d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t io n s , a d ju stm e n ts t o data w hen p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and su b sta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and re s e q u e n c in g o f data e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l d i r e c t io n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

17
COM PU TER PRO GR AM E R,

BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R S Y ST E M S A N A L Y S T ,

C la s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on r e la t iv e ly s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n to p r o d u c e data in tw o o r th r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r fo r m a t s . R e p o r t s
and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e fin in g , a d a p tin g, a r r a y in g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r
d e le t io n s f r o m input data w h ic h a r e r e a d ily a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e ro u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h a ve b e e n r e fin e d in p r i o r a ctio n s s o that the a c c u r a c y and se q u e n cin g
o f data ca n b e te s t e d b y u sin g a few ro u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , the p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith
ro u tin e r e c o r d -k e e p in g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .

OR
W ork s on a se g m e n t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly on rou tin e a s s ig n m e n ts and r e c e iv e s in s t r u c t io n and g u id a n ce
on c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n t s . W ork is r e v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t io n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith the o v e r a ll sy s te m .

OR

C la s s C . W o rk s u n d er im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g out a n a ly s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u su a lly
o f a s in g le a c t iv it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g the d e ta ile d s p e c i fic a t i o n s re q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in fo r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y the h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly st.

W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d fo r c l a s s A) u n d er c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d ep en d en tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d iff ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt t a sk s u n d er f a ir ly c l o s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r in s t r u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

DRAFTSM AN

C la s s C . M a k es p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t ic e s and c o n c e p t s u su a lly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in the
a p p lic a t io n o f sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to rou tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R SY S T E M S A N A L Y S T ,

C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a ving d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a t u r e s that d iff e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e su p ­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n ch a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e ff e c t o f e a ch ch a n g e on the d e t a ils o f fo r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .

BUSINESS

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n on rou tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te ch n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u sed .
D u ties t y p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s : P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c t io n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l re la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e ta il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s, w a ll
s e c t io n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t ie s , s tr e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a cy .

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s fo r s o lv in g th em b y u se o f e le c t r o n i c
data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m en t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i fic a t i o n s n e e d e d to en a ble
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ;
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u tom a ted and id e n t ifie s co n d it io n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i le s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c t io n s to b e p e r fo r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f fic ie n t d e ta il fo r
p r e s e n t a t io n to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m in g (t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k and
data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o r d in a t e s the d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l run s o f
new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s eq u ip m en t c h a n g e s to ob ta in m o r e e ff e c t iv e o v e r a ll
o p e r a t io n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m in g sh ou ld b e c l a s ­
s ifie d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts i f th is is the s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le un its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c tio n ,
m a n u fa ctu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d i m in s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n t s . In s tr u c tio n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t -c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

D o e s n ot in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r i ly r e s p o n s ib le f o r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n of
o th e r e le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts p r im a r i ly c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n t i fic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l lo w s :

C la s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on c o m p le x p r o b le m s
in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is . P r o b le m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f input data and m u lt ip le -u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f output data. ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te ­
g ra te d p r o d u c t io n sc h e d u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, c o s t a n a ly s is , and s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ich e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th rou g h the fu ll s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia te d b y the c o m p u t e r .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
the im p lic a t io n s o f new o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e r a t io n s .
M a k es r e c o m ­
m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d , fo r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s t e m s in s ta lla tio n s o r ch a n g es and fo r
ob tain in g eq u ip m en t.
M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
a s s is t .

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d

to

C la s s B . W o rk s in d ep en d en tly o r u n d er on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n on p r o b le m s that a re
r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d
c o m p le x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y
r e la t e d .
(F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s it o r a c c o u n ts in a bank ,

M A IN T E N A N C E
CARPENTER,

C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in clu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r im a r i ly
c o n s is tin g o f str a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a l e not re q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
a n d/ o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s il y v is u a liz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

M A IN T E N A N C E

W o r k is c l o s e l y

s u p e r v is e d

N U R SE , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t io n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid
to the i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tten din g to su b se q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e ep in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r co m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and pla n n in g and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h ea lth e d u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , ev a lu a tio n o f pla n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g the h ea lth , w e lf a r e , and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

AND

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m en t su ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m a d e o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
and la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s u sin g a v a r ie t y




BUSINESS— C on tin u ed

m a in ta in in g a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to r y a cco u n ts
in a m a n u fa ctu rin g or. w h o le s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .) C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e te r m in e
the data p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a t io n s o f the
data p r o c e s s in g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lied .

PO W ERPLANT

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C ontinued

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

1 8

E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a t io n o f s ta tio n a r y en g in e s and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r i c a l) to su p p ly the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it i o n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m en t
su c h as ste a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e ra tin g eq u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e t h e se o p e r a t io n s .
H ea d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h ea t, p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g as o r o i l b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a te r and s a fe t y v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o il e r r o o m eq u ip m en t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f ic
o r g e n e r a l d u ties o f l e s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e e p in g a w o r k e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
c le a n in g .w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and e q u ip m en t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h old in g m a te r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u nsk il3ed t a sk s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k the
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tr a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n ­
fin e d to su p p ly in g , lift in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls and cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in
o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l iz e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a rts o f a tra d e that a re
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu l l- t im e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a ch in e t o o l s , su ch a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r i n d e r s , en g in e la t h e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c tio n of
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a ch in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setu p s
o r a h igh d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a t io n to
a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n eed d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u str y w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh op s
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n .
M A C H IN IST ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ­
ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : I n te rp re tin g
w r it te n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; pla n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
c h in is t 's h a n d tools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; se ttin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a ch in e
t o o ls ; shaping o f m e ta l p a rts to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g t o
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , fe e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s
o f the c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a r t s , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o r k ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)

R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b lin g eq u ip m en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s that in v o lv e the u s e o f su ch h a n d tools as
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l iz e d eq u ip m en t in d i s a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts f r o m s t o c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in sta llin g




A U T O M O T IV E (M a in ten a n ce)---- C on tin u ed

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n c tio n s su ch as the in s t a lla t io n , m a in te n a n ce ,
o r r e p a ir o f eq u ip m en t fo r the g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r ib u t io n , o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t su c h as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h ea tin g u n its , con d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m en t; w o rk in g fr o m
b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in the
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g sta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y o f e le c t r ic ia n * s h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and
t e s tin g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t r a in ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

the v a r io u s a s s e m b li e s in the v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts; and alin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju stin g b ra k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h ten in g b o d y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u tom otiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n ­
t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d ism a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d ism a n tlin g m a ch in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in v o lv e the u se
o f h a n d tools in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s ob tain ed
fr o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t pa rt b y a m a ch in e sh op o r sen d in g o f the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh op fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r the p r o d u c t io n o f p a rts o r d e r e d fr o m m a ch in e sh op ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m aking
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts fo r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a in te n a n ce m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x clu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e settin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls new m a c h in e s o r h ea v y e q u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s t a lls m a ch in e s o r
h ea v y eq u ip m en t w hen ch a n g es in the plant la y ou t a re r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out o f the w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p rin ts o r o th er s p e c ific a t io n s ; usin g
a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a king sta n d a rd sh op co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v ity ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f eq u ip m en t; s e le c t in g sta n d ­
a rd t o o ls , eq u ip m e n t, and p a rts to b e u s e d ; and in sta llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n eq u ip m en t su c h as d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

the

m o v in g p a rts

o r w e a r in g s u r fa c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l ls , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e fo r pa in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la cin g putty o r f i ll e r
in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , and o th e r paint in g r e d ie n ts to ob ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k of the m a in te n a n ce p a in te r r e q u i r e s rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h
a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n sta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th er ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g t o l o ­
ca te p o s it io n o f pipe f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r itte n s p e c i fic a t i o n s ; cutting v a r io u s s i z e s o f pipe
to c o r r e c t len g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a ch in e ; t h r e a d ­
ing pipe w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r -d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith co u p lin g s and fa ste n in g pipe to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op com p u ta tion s r e la tin g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd t e s t s t o d e te r m in e w h eth er
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i fic a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly en g a g ed in in sta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita ­
tio n o r h ea tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s the p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow led g e
o f sa n it a r y c o d e s re g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n o f v en ts and t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in sta llin g o r r e ­
p a irin g p ip e s and fix t u r e s ; and open in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g er o r p l u m b e r 's sn a k e. In
g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed t ra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t -m e t a l eq u ip m en t and f i x ­
t u r e s (s u ch as m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u te s , d u cts ,
m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g
out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t -m e t a l m a in ten a n ce w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e l s , o r oth e r s p e c ific a t io n s ;
settin g up and o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t -m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f

19
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C on tin u ed

T O O L AN D DIE M A K E R — C ontinued

h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b e n d in g , fo r m in g , sh a p in g , fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t m e ta l a r t ic le s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r eq u iv a len t
tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r; jig m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r ; g ag e m a k er)
C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
p u n ch in g, and o th e r m e t a l -f o r m in g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w ritte n s p e c i fic a t i o n s ;

C U S T O D IA L A N D

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s rou tin e p o l ic e d u tie s , e it h e r at fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In clu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at gate
and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n . M a k es rou n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e ,
th e ft, and il le g a l en try .
PORTER,

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w ag e study p u r p o s e s ,
sh op s a re e x clu d e d fr o m th is c l a s s i fic a t i o n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e rs in t o o l and die jo b b in g

M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

G U AR D AN D W A T C H M A N

J A N IT O R ,

u sin g a v a r ie t y o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d tools and p r e c i s io n m e a s u rin g in s tru m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
standing o f the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; settin g up and o p e r a tin g o f
m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la t e d eq u ip m en t; m a kin g n e c e s s a r y sh op com p u ta tion s re la tin g to d im e n sio n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g o f m e ta l p a rts d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a ch ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w ork in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u ir e s a roun ded
tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

OR CLEANER

SH IP PIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m en t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g s h ip ­
m en ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
Shipping w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n ow led g e o f shipp ing
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m ea n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and ra te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p os tin g w eig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e ep in g a fi le o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip ­
m en t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f
sh ip m en ts a g a in st b il ls o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; rou tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a te r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f i le s .

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w a g e stud y p u r p o s e s ,
C lea n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y co n d itio n fa c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm en t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u ties in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m op p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m en t, fu r n it u r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix tu r e s
o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in ten a n ce s e r v i c e s ; and cle a n in g la v a t o r ie s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l iz e in w in d ow w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L H AND LIN G

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g pla n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h o se d u ties in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n load in g v a r io u s m a te r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r tr a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g , sh e lv in g ,
o r p la cin g m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and tr a n s p o r t in g m a te r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d and unload sh ip s a re
e x c lu d e d .

w o r k e r s a re c l a s s i f ie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ipping c le r k
S h ipping and r e c e iv in g c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
eq u ip m e n t, o r m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s: M a n u fa ctu rin g p la n ts, fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u nload tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s ,
m a ke m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x clu d e d .
F o r w ag e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y s iz e and ty p e o f eq u ip m en t,
as fo l lo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be ra te d on the b a s is o f t r a il e r c a p a c it y .)

O R D E R F IL L E R
(O r d e r p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e stock m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s l ip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t io n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ica tin g ite m s fi ll e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f ou tg oin g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s it io n a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t sh o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m o th er r e la t e d d u ties.

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s li s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , light (un d er lV2 tons)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (lV 2 to and in clu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th er than t r a il e r type)

TRUCKER,

POW ER

P A C K E R , SH IPPIN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r sh ipm en t o r s t o r a g e b y p la cin g th em in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c i f ic o p e r a t io n s p e r fo r m e d b ein g d ep en d en t upon the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b er o f
units to be p a ck e d , the type o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth od o f sh ip m en t. W ork r e q u ir e s the
p la cin g o f ite m s in sh ip p in g co n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ; K n o w l­
edge o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i fy con ten t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e and s iz e
o f co n t a in e r ; in s e rtin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a te r ia l to p r e v e n t
b re a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te rin g id en tify in g
data on co n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m ake w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x clu d e d .




O p e r a te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o li n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a te r ia ls o f a ll kin ds a bou t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa ctu rin g plant, o r o th er

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift )

A vailab le O n

R e q u e s t -----

T h e f o llow in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t of 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w h ile s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilen e, T ex .
A lask a
A l b a n y , Ga.
A lexan dria, La.
A l p e n a , S t a n d i s h , and T a w a s C i t y , M ich .
A m arillo, Tex.
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tlantic C ity, N .J.
A u g u s t a , G a .— . C .
S
A u stin , T ex .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C alif.
Baton R ouge, L a.
B i l l i n g s , Mont.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , an d P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h arle sto n , S.C .
C h e y e n n e , Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , an d H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky .
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C o lo .
C olum bia, S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a .— l a .
A
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D oth an , A l a .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Minn.—W is.
S
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a so , Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D ak .—
M
Minn.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itch b u rg— e o m in s t e r , M a ss.
L
F o r t S m i t h , A r k . — k la.
O
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . - W . V a.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in sto n S a l e m — ig h P o i n t , N .C .
W
H
H a rrisb u rg , P a.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H un tsville, A la.

C o p i e s of p u b l i c r e l e a s e s a r e

K n o x v i l l e , Ten n .
L ared o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L e x i n g t o n , Ky.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .- V a .
L y n c h b u r g , V a.
M acon, Ga.
M a d i s o n , W is.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u l t S te . M a r i e , M ich
M erid ian , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u th , O c e a n an d S o m e r s e t
C o s., N .J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , an d P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n .
N ew L o n d o n — r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g de n , Utah
O rlan do, F la .
O xnard— entura, C alif.
V
P a n a m a C ity, F la .
P in e B luff, A rk.
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .— a i n e — a s s .
M
M
P u e b l o , C o lo .
R e n o , N ev.
S a c r a m e n to , Calif.
Salin a, K an s.
S a lin a s — onterey, C alif.
M
S an ta B a r b a r a , C alif.
Sh reveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s . —
C
H
Conn.
Stockton, C alif.
T a c o m a , W ash.
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V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a lle jo — ap a, Calif.
N
W i c h it a F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D e l.— . J . —
N
Md.

T h e tenth an n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n a l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1654, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of
P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 9 , 75 c e n ts a c o p y , f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s ,
U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r an y of i t s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




Area W age

Surveys

A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and H o u r D i v i s i o n of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of
D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O hio, J u l y 1970_________________________________
Alb any - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970__________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________
A llen tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1970 LB
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1970 1 _______________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1969_____________________________
B e a u m o n t r P o r t A r th u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -----B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 __________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970__________________________
B o i s e C i ty , Idaho, Nov. 1 9 6 9 ________ __________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1970 1 ____________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t. 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1970_____________________________
C an to n , O h io, M a y 1970 1 ----------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a ., A p r . 1970 1 _______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1 __________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1970 1__________________
C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1970------------------------------------------C i n c in n a ti , Ohio— y .—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 _________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h io, S e p t . 1969____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O hio, O ct. 1969_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1969 ------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t ^ R o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
M
Oct. 1969 1 ------------------------------------------------------------D ay ton , O hio, D e c . 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1 --------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 --------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h ., F e b . 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , O ct. 1969------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1970 1 ---------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------H o u st o n , T e x . , A p r. 1970----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O ct. 1969___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1970 1 _________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1970 1 _______
H
N
L i t t l e R ock— o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1970 1 ____
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—Ind., N ov. 1969 1 -----------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1 -------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1970 1 --------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n .— r k . , Nov. 1969 1 ____________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------M id la n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1970 1 _______________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1__________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1 9 7 0 1 _____________

B u lletin n u m ber
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660- 1 1,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1 685-1 1,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30
30
35
35
50
35
30
30
30
25
50
45
25
35
35
40
35
60
35
40
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts

1660-20,
1 6 6 0 - 3 7 ,1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1685-16,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35
30
40
35
35
30
35
30
35
30
30
30
45
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45
40
35
35
40
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
35 cents
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1 D ata on esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p plem en tary w a g e p rov ision s are also presented .




A rea
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., J u n e 1970 1 ______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i ty , N . J . , J a n . 1970 1 _____ ______
New H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1970 1__________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970.............. ..................... ..................
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1970 1 ------------------------------------N o r f o l k r - P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1970 1 .........................................................
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1970_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1970 1 ______________________
P a t e r son — l i f t o r r - P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1970 1___________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1969 1 ____________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1 ____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N ov. 1969 1 _________ ________ ________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1970 1 ____________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t ^ W a r w i c k , R .I . — a s s . ,
M
M a y 1 9 7 0 ................................ .................................................................
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1970 1 ........................... .................................
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
Aug. 1970— ............................................................. ...............................
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 ---------------------------------------St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1970__________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U ta h , Nov. 1969 1 ______________________
S a n A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1970___________________________
San B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
D e c . 1969---------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1 ---------------------------------S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1969 1 _____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1970--------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y l 9 7 0 * ---------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1970 1 ______________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1970_____________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969................ .................... ...........
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1-----------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1970 1 ___________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1969 1 _____________
T o l e d o , O h icm M ich., F e b . 1970_________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1970 1 --------------------------------------—
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 -----------------------------------W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1969 1 _______________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1_________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, J a n . 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 ------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y l 9 7 0 ‘ _________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ' ---------------------------------------------Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1969 1 _______________
W

B u lletin num ber
an d p r i c e
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35 cents

1660-59,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1660-72,
16 8 5 - 12,
1660-65,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1685-7 ,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71.

30
35
40
35
30

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1685- 15,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63!
1660-38,

30
35
50
30
35

50 c e n t s
35cents

30 c e n t s
75 c e n t s

35cents
40 c e n t s

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
35 cents
30 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 cents
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ! s
35 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C.

20212

O FF IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
I
----------------------------------------------------------------------

1

FIRST CLASS M A IL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102