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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e T re n to n , N e w J e rs e y , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

1 6 8 5 -1 5

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES
ALASKA

Region I

Region II

1 6 0 3 -A Federal B u ild in g

341 N in th A ve., Rrn. 1025

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 F ilbertS t.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e T re n to n , N e w J e rs e y , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

1 6 8 5 -1 5
February 1971

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups____________________

1
5

Tables:
. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selectedperiods__________________
1

4
6

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents the survey results. After completion of all
of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, two
summary bulletins are issued. The first brings data for
each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents information which has been projected
from individual metropolitan area data to relate to geo­
graphic regions and the United States.

A. Occupational earnings:
A -l. Office occupations—
men and women-----------------------------------7
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and
women----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9
A-3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________ 10
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations_____________ 11
A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations________ 12

Ninety areas currently are included in the pro­
gram. In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions biennially.

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers_______________________________________ 13
B-2. Shift differentials________________________________ 14
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours___________________________ 15
B-4. Paid holidays____________________________________ 16
B-5. Paid vacations___________________________________ 17
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans________________ 20

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Trenton, N.J., in September 1970. The Standard Metro­
politan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through January 1968, consists of Mercer County.
This study was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in
New York, N.Y., under the general direction of Thomas N.
Wakin, Assistant Regional Director For Operations.




Appendix. Occupational descriptions___________________________

NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Trenton area, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; local-transit operating employees; and
local truckdrivers, helpers, and allied occupations.

22




I n t r o d u c t io n
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.1 In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to represent­
ative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publi­
cation criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em­
ployees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though most establishments in an area increase wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
2 , are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within
the groups.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types; (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A-series tables, because
either (l) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.
1

In c lu d e d

D e p a r tm e n t o f L abor.

in the 9 0 areas are fou r stu d ies c o n d u c t e d u nder c o n tr a c t w ith
T h ese

areas are

th e N e w Y o r k

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates. Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
performed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying
employees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.
S ta te

B in g h a m to n ( N e w Y o r k p o r tio n o n ly ); R o c h e s te r ( o f f i c e o c c u ­

p a tio n s o n ly ) ; S y r a c u s e ; and U t i c a — R o m e .

In a d d it io n , th e Bureau co n d u cts m o r e l i m i t e d a rea studies

in 7 7 areas a t th e req u est o f th e W a g e an d H o u r D iv is io n o f th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f Lab or.




1

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure

2

among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied. _These differences in
occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the
earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to plant and office workers. Data for industry divisions not
presented separately are included in the estimates for "all industries."
Administrative, executive, and professional employees, and construc­
tion workers who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory
workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice func­
tions. "Office workers" include working supervisors and nonsuper­
visory workers performing clerical or related functions. Cafeteria
workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries, but
included in nonmanufacturing industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B -l) relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely to have formal entrance rates for workers
above the subclerical level than small establishments, the table is
more-representative of policies in medium and large establishments.
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms
of workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Scheduled
weekly hours are those which a majority of full-time employees were
expected to work, whether they were paid for at straight-time or
overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
pension plans (tables B-4 through B-6) are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
2
d itio n s:
la te

An
(1 )

sh ifts.

e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s

O p e r a te d
An

shifts during the
la t e sh ifts.




c o n sid e r e d

la t e sh ifts a t th e t im e

e s t a b lis h m e n t w as c o n sid e r e d
12

m on th s prior to

of

as h a v in g

as h a v in g

the s u rv e y ,

a p o lic y

th e su r v e y ,

i f it m e t e ith e r o f th e fo llo w in g

or ( 2 ) h ad

fo r m a l

f o r m a l provision s

provision s i f it ( l ) h a d

or ( 2 ) h a d p ro v isio n s in w r itte n

fo r m

c o v e r in g

a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through
B-6 may not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a formal basis; i.e., (1) are provided for
in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday and the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to a
statistical measure of vacation provisions. It is not intended as a
measure of the proportion of workers actually receiving specific bene­
fits. Provisions of an establishment for all lengths of service were
tabulated as applying to all plant or office workers of the establish­
ment, regardless of length of service. Provisions for payment on
other than a time basis were converted to a time basis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equiv­
alent of 1 week's pay. Only basic plans are included. Estimates
exclude vacation bonus and vacation-savings plans and those which
offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans with
qualifying lengths of service. Such exclusions are typical in the steel,
aluminum, and can industries.
Data on health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6) in­
clude those plans for which the employer pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. An establishment was considered to have a plan if
the majority of employees was eligible to be covered under the plan,
even if less than a majority elected to participate because employees
were required to contribute toward the cost of the plan. Legally
required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social security,
and railroad retirement were excluded.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured during illness or accident disability. Information is
presented for all such plans to which the employer contributes. How­
ever, in New York and New Jersey, which have enacted temporary
disability insurance laws which require employer contributions, plans
are included only if the employer (l) contributes more than is legally
required, or (2) provides the employee with benefits which exceed the
con ­
requirements of the law. Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are

o p e r a te d la te
for o p e r a tin g

2
co n tr ib u tio n s.

The

tem p orary

d is a b ility

la w s

in

C a lif o r n i a

an d

Rhode

Isla n d

do

not

requ ire

e m p lo y e r

3

limited to formal plans4 which provide full pay or a proportion of the
worker's pay during absence from work because of illness. Separate
tabulations are presented according to (1) plans which provide full pay
and no waiting period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay
or a waiting period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions
of workers who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid
sick leave, an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive
either or both types of benefits.
4

An

m in im u m
w r itt e n ,

e s t a b lis h m e n t

num ber o f
bu t

in fo r m a l

w as

days o f
s ic k




c o n sid e r e d
sic k

le a v e

le a v e

as

h a v in g

a v a ila b l e to

a llo w a n c e s ,

a fo r m a l
each

d e t e r m in e d

p la n i f

e m p lo y e e .

o n an

it

e s ta b lis h e d
S u c h a p la n

in d iv id u a l

b a sis,

at

le a s t

n eed not

w ere

th e
be

e x c lu d e d .

Major medical insurance includes those plans which are de­
signed to protect employees in case of sickness and injury involving
expenses beyond the coverage of basic hospitalization, medical, and
surgical plans. Medical insurance refers to plans providing for com­
plete or partial payment of doctors' fees. Dental insurance usually
covers fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Excluded are plans which
cover only oral surgery or accident damage. Plans may be under­
written by commercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations
or they may be paid for by the employer out of a fund set aside for
this purpose. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide regular payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

4

T a b le

1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in T re n to n , N J . , 1 by m ajor industry division,2 S e p te m b e r 1 9 7 0
N u m b er o f establish m en ts

Industry d iv ision

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W i t h in s c o p e
o f st u d y *

St ud ie d
Studied

T otal4
P la n t
Number

Percent

T otal4

212

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5__________________________
W h o l e s a l e trade* ----------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------- --------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 8____________________________________________

O ffice

50
-

50
50
50
50
50

90

55,545

100

36,872

9 ,0 5 3

37,897

109
103

47
43

37,186
18,359

67
33

25,833
11,039

5 ,3 2 9
3,724

26,520
11,377

10
15
38
10
30

7
5
10
6
15

4,0 9 9
1, 185
6 ,997
2,207
3,871

7
2
13
4
7

1,057

3,631
560
2,435
1,964
2 ,7 8 7

2,275
(6 )
(6)
(7 )
(6 )

(6)
(‘ )
(6)
(6)

1 T he T ren ton Standard M etrop olita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f M e r c e r
County.
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y "
e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in th is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in the
s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e no t
i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to
s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t data
c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a ut o r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e pl a n t a nd o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to
w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d . A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s
tables.
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the
S eries B tables.
S eparate p resentation
o f da ta f o r this d i v i s i o n is no t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s not
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , an d (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t hi s d i v i s i o n is not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s and m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s an d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , and p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t w o - t h i r d s o f the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the T r e n t o n a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s the m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s and
s p e c i f ic in d u str ies as a p e r c e n t o f all m a nufa cturing:
Industry group s

S p e c ific in dustries

E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t and
s u p p l i e s ______________________ ____ 18
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s . ____ 15
M achinery, except
e l e c t r i c a l ------------------------------- __
11
R u b b e r and p l a s t i c s
p r o d u c t s --------------------------------- ____ 11
____
Q
S t o n e , c l a y , and g l a s s
p r o d u c t s --------------------------------- ------ 9
C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------- ____ 7
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t i l e
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------- ____ 5

C u t l e r y , han d t o o l s , and
h a r d w a r e _____________________ ___ 10
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t __ __
_
8
P o t t e r y and r e l a t e d
p r o d u c t s ______________________ 8
F a b r i c a t e d r u b b e r p r o d u c t s . ___
7
E l e c t r i c li g ht in g and
___
6
E n g i n e s and t u r b i n e s _________ ___
5
P e r i o d i c a l s ------------------------------- ___
5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t al e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d i n t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
an d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to t h e d a t e o f
the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual r a t e s of i n c r e a s e , w here
sh o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n t h e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r t h a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d on th e a s s u m p t i o n t h a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n th e a r e a .

s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
T h e i n d e x i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y t h e r e l a t i v e f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r an d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e rtim e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s , exclu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s an d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n the s a m e j o b , an d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s i n the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , an d c h a n g e s i n the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m ay have r i s e n c o n s id e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

The
p l i e d b y th e
in the g r o u p
w ere re late d
g a t e f o r th e

O ffice clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Electricians
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Machinists
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
Industrial nurses (men and
cleaners
women):
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e an y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
w ere totaled .
The a g g r e g a t e s fo r 2 c o n se cu tiv e y e a r s
b y d i v i d i n g t h e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e arlie r y ear.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,




5




T a b le 2 .
In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s an d s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in
T r e n to n , N .J., S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 a n d S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in du stries
O ffice
clerical
( m e n a nd
women)

Period

Industrial
nurses
( m e n an d
women)

M anufacturing

S killed
m aintenance
trades
(m e n )

U n skilled
plant
w orkers
(m en)

O ffice
clerical
( m e n and
women)

Industrial
nurses
( m e n an d
women)

S killed
m aintenance
trades
(m en)

U n skilled
plant
w orkers
(m en)

114. 5
109.4

114. 8
107 . 3

110. 7
108. 5

161. 3
140. 9

146 . 1
127.4

143. 1
129 . 4

In d ex es ( N o v e m b e r 1967*100)
Septem ber
Septem ber

1 97 0 _________________________________________
1 96 9 _________________________________________

118. 7
111.2

114 . 5
109.4

1 16. 0
107. 9

108. 6
108.4

118 . 5
109. 8

Indexes (D e ce m b e r
S e p t e m b e r 1 97 0 _________________________________________
N o v e m b e r 1967 _________________________________________

146. 1
123. 2

162. 2
141. 7

148. 0
127. 5

141. 8
130. 5

1960-100)

140. 8
118. 8

P ercen ts of in crea se
S e p t e m b e r 1969 to S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 _______________
O c t o b e r 196 8 to S e p t e m b e r 1969:
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _________________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e __________________________

4. 7

7. 5

0. 2

7. 9

4. 7

7. 0

2. 0

6. 3
6. 9

4. 9
5. 4

2. 8
3. 1

2. 8
3. 1

5. 1
5. 6

4. 9
5. 4

2. 5
2. 7

3. 0
3. 3

N o v e m b e r 1967 to O c t o b e r 1968:
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _________________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ______________ _________

4. 6
5. 0

4. 3
4. 7

3. 0
5. 5

5. 4
5. 9

4. 5
4. 9

4. 3
4. 7

4. 7
5. 1

5. 3
5. 8

D e c e m b e r 1966 to N o v e m b e r 1967:
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e -------------------------------------------------A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ---------------------------------------

3. 4
3. 7

8. 5
9. 3

6. 5
7. 1

5. 2
5. 7

3. 5
3. 8

8. 5
9. 3

6. 7
7. 3

5. 5
6. 0

D ecem ber
D ecem ber
Decem ber
Decem ber
D ecem ber
Decem ber

4. 7
3. 5
3. 1
1. 6
2. 2
2. 6

2. 2
7. 0
.9
4. 4
5. 2
7. 8

4. 8
3. 3
2. 9
1 .9
2. 3
3. 1

6.
3.
1.
4.
4.
2.

3. 7
3. 5
1 .4
. 8
2. 3
2. 2

2.
6.
.
4.
5.
7.

5.
3.
2.
2.
2.
2.

3.
5.
2.
3.
3.
2.

1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I960

to
to
to
to
to
to

Decem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
Decem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber

1 9 6 6 -----------------------1 9 6 5 -----------------------1 9 6 4 -----------------------1 9 6 3 ________________
1 9 6 2 ________________
1 9 6 1 ________________

6. 7

6
3
7
3
2
0

2
0
9
9
1
7

N O T E : P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r th e T r e n t o n a r e a u s e d D e c e m b e r I 9 6 0 a s t h e b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to the n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v i d i n g t h e m b y t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g i n d e x n u m b e r s
f o r N o v e m b e r 1967 o n th e D e c e m b e r I 9 6 0 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in t h e t a b l e .
(T h e re su lt should be
m u ltip lie d by 100.)

0
2
8
2
1
6

2
0
4
8
7
6

7
A.

O cc u p a tio n a l earnings

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w eek ly ho ur s and e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s b y industry d iv is io n,
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

Se x , oc c u p a t io n , and industr y div isi on

Number
of
workers

$
65

M edian2

S e pt e m b e r 1970)

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iving straight -t i m e w eek ly ea rn in gs o f—
$

Average
Mean 2

T ren to n, N. J . ,

t

%

70

75

$

t

80

85

$

i

90

95

S

$

100

105

t

110

$

F
115

120

F
125

$
130

t
140

$
150

$
160

$
17C

F
180

190

and
under

Middle range2

(standard)

70

200
and

75

80

85

90

95

105

110

115

120

125

8

100

1

3

130

140

150

160

11
3

LA
t4

6

2

170

180

190

200 ov e r

M
EN
$
CLA j j

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

A

55

$

132.50
136 00

130.00

$

8

131.00

39.5

CLASS

•5

3

1 17.00-157.50

1

1

1

3

3

3
1

1

W EN
OM
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE UPERATORS,
CLASS 0

37.5

92.00

87.00

8 2.0 0-

39.0

129.00
129.50

127.50
129.50

1 18 .00 1 18 .00 -

CLASS 0

350
144

37.5
38.5

95.50
104.50

91.00
99.00

80.5 0-10 4.5 0
9 1 .0 0-11 1.0 0

81

37.0

96.00

94.50

89.5 0-10 4.0 0
'

1

47

30 *0

06.00

84.50

39 0

06 "0

03 00

39.5
39.5

109.50

78

39.0
39.0

115.50
115.50

114.00
113.50

97.0 0-13 1.0 0
94.5 0-13 6.0 0

39.0
39.0

105.00
106.00

102.00

9 5 .0 0 9 5.0 0-

38.0
40.0
37.0

93 00
116.00

71

90 " 0
109.00
91.50

28

38.0

85.50

86.50

666

ACCOUNTING,

52

102

37
29

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS A

30

CLERKS,

39.0
39.5
38.0

130.00
130.50
127.50

127.00
128.00
125.50

1 13 .50 -1 42 .00
1 14 .00 143.00
1 11 .00 140.00

CLERKS,

FIL E,

CLASS A

CLERKS,

FIL E,

CLASS

CLERKS,

FIL E,

CLASS

66
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

CLASS A
CLAo j

0

NONMANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING
SECRETARIES, CLASS A
SECRETARIES, CLASS

80

^j -

534
132

12

60

86.00

30

22

84.00

28

1

11

28
19

40
28

SECRETARIES,

CLASS

6

2

1

11

1

2

7

17

7 8.5 0-

92.50

33

39.0

156.50

152.50

39.0
39.5

139.00
150.50

137.00
151.00




3

13
13
3

8
7
3

2
2

3
3

n

16
16

J

8

J

5
5

11
8

3

2

1

252
236

39.5
39.5

132.00
131.50

129.50
129.00

1

30

3

10

69
52
17

10

41

39*^ 1 18 * 50
38. Q 119.00

1 15 * 0 0
116.00

1 07 .00 1 08 .00 -

130.00
132.00
-

*

1
1

*

1

116

60
49

54
48

18

11

j

2
2

7

3

3

3

64

56

69

u

18

12

n

11

17

47

36

W

5

3

J

2
2

16
16

*7

3

7
19

22

3
3

2
£

i

1
1

2

13

56
47

*

t;
3

1
1

i

1
1

2

1
1

5
5

2
11
10

3

1 20.50-139.50
1 20 .00 -1 39 .00

2
2
1

11

8

6

1
1

3

2

3

3

20

1 19.50-158.50
1 36.00-165.50

200

See foo tn ot es at end o f tabl es.

3

1 37 .50 -1 74 .00

136
76

1

12

12
^4

14

15

12

7
7

3

8
14

11
1
1

11

2

82.5 0-11 7.0 0
9 4 . C O - 1 1 9 . 50
8 1 .0 0 - 97.00

7

23

10

10

£

12

21
20

7

1

7

16

5

3
5

12
10

3

6

113.50
114.50

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

21
10

8

2
SECRETARIES,

27
17

12

1

1

1
10
8

110.00 1 0 0 . 5 0 - 1 2 2 . 5 0
112.00 1 1 5 . 0 0 1 0 3 . 0 0 - 1 2 4 . 5 0

102.50

13

140.00
142.00

8
7 2 .5 0 -

r\■\j r-tm .

99.00

25
2-5

£7

30
26

17

7

4^

fT

24

17
15

7

5

2

fr

23
7

1

ii

22

20

Lo
i

2

5
3

8
22
20

8

2

*

10

3
60
54

13

2

;

5
5

7

3

1

8
T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n and w o m e n -----C o n t i n u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w ee kl y ho ur s and e a rn i n gs f o r se l e ct e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s b y in dus tr y di v is i on , T ren to n, N. J . , S e pt e m b er 1970)

See fo ot no te s at end o f tables,




9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e we e kl y ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s by ind ust ry di v is i on , T ren to n, N. J. , S e pt e m b e r 1970)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g st r a i g h t - t im e w eek ly ea rn in gs o f

Se x , o cc u pa t io n , and ind ustry div isi on

100

weekly
Middle range2
(standard)

and
under
110

$

168.00
169.00

120

-

-

120

130

130
-

140
-

140

150

150
-

160
-

160

170

170

180

-

180

190

200

-

190

200

210

$

166.50
167.50

110

1 44 .50 -1 80 .50
1 46 .00 182.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

39.0
39.0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----

38.0

1 3 6 . 5C 1 2 7 . 0 0 -

143.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A '-----------------------

38.5

249.00

2 06 .00 -

272.00

3

2

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 -----------------------

38.5

197.50

1 56 .00 -

222.00

2

1

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

38.5
38.5

263.50
266.50

266.50
267.50

2 48 .00 2 54 .00 -

279.00
279.00

201.50
2 0 2 .0 0

205.50
206.00

176 .00 1 75 .00 -

217.50
217.50

40.0
40.0

188.00
188.50

180.00
180.50

1 62 .00-222.00
1 6 3 . 5 0 - 2 2 3 . 5G

40.0
40.0

143.00
143.50

143.00
143.50

1 28 .00 1 29 .00 -

158.00
158.00

40.0
40.0

146.50
146.50

142.00
142.00

1 32 .50 1 32 .50 -

1 5 3 . 0C
153.00

0RAFTSMFN, CLASS A --------------------- *■
MANUFACTURING --------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

130
127

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

See foo tn ot es at end o f tabb




1

3
1

21
19

210

220

-

-

220

230

2 30
-

240
-

240

250

250
-

260
-

260

27 0

270
-

280

29C

- a n d
28 0

290

over

10

T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a nd t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w ee kl y h o ur s and ea rn in gs f o r se l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b as is by ind ust ry di v is i o n , T re n t o n , N. J. , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Average

O c c up a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

of

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------

52

37.5

$
92.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------

1 61
144

39.5
39.5

130.50
131.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------

376
1 61

37.5
38.5

98.50
106.50

Number
of
workeis

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Average

O c c u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED
$
39.0 156.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 96
88

37.5
39.0

$
90.00
95.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A

FILE,

CLASS A

47

3 7 .D

96.00

CLERKS, F I L E ,

CLASS B

48

38.0

86.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING

64

CLERKS, URUER ---MANUFACTURING

CLERKS,

Average

O c c u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

33

SECRETARIES, CLASS 6
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----

136
76
60

39.0
39.5
38.0

139.00
150.50
126.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

32
30

39.0
39.0

166.00
167.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------

252
236

39.5
39.5

132.00
131.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

35
25

38.0
38.5

136.00
137.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —

261

39.0
39.5
38.0

118.50
118.50
119.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C

61

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —

167
115
52

39.0
39.5
37.0

103.50
104.50
101.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —

165
89
56

39.0
39.5
39.0

1 1 1 .0 0

108.00
115.50

2 00

------------------

55

36.0

105.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------

31

38.5

237.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BOSINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

29
25

38.5
38.5

187.50
192.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

32
30

38.5
38.5

263.50
266.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

70
69

40.0
40.0

202.00
202.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

132
1 29

40.0
60.0

188.00
188.50

53
42

39.5
39.5

123.00
125.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL •
MANUFACTURING

82
67

39.0
39.0

116.00
115.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------

80
73

39.0
39.0

105.00
1 0 6 . CO

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B

30

38.5

108.00

38.0
40.0
37.0

98.50
109.00
91.50

SWI TCHBOARD UPERATOR-RECEPTI ON I S T S MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

88

57
31

39.0
39.5
38.5

99.00
104.50
89.00

59
63

37.5
38.0

98.00
100.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

65
63

40.0
40.0

163.00
143.50

160
83

38.5
39.5

97.00
98.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

39
39

60.0
40.0

146.00
146.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S )MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------SECRETARIES -------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
See footnote at end o f tabli




52
31
666

534
1 32

O O
D

80.50
86.50

o o

30

37.5
39.0

39.0
39.5
38.0

87.50
85.00
130.00
130.50
127.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------TYPISTS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a tio n s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho ur ly earni ngs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a r e a b as is by ind ustry d i v is i o n , T r e n t o n , N. J. , S e p t e m b er 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly ea rni ngs of—

U n d e r 3 * 10 3 - 2 0
and
3 . 1 0 unde r

3-30

_______ 3 . 2 0

Se x , oc c u p a t io n , and indu stry di v isi on

3 .4 0

M d l r n e2 *
i d e ag

$

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

137
136

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3.9 2
3 .9 9

$
3 .6 9 3 .6 7 -

9.3 2
9.2 6

9 .2 5
9 .2 9

9 .0 1 9 .0 0 -

3 .9 7
3 .9 7

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

9.2 5
9 .2 5

9.9 9
9.9 9

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------PIP EF IT TE RS , MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

9.3 7
9.9 1

3 .7 2 3 .7 8 3 .7 9 -

See fo ot no te s at end o f ta bl es.




3 .7 C

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4.0 0

<>.10 4 , 2 3

4.3 0

5 * 00 5 * 10 5 - 2 0

*>.<.0 4 . 5 0

4 .6 0

5.1 0

4.7 0

4.8 0

4.9 0

5.0 0

5.2 0

9 .9 9
9.9 8
9.9 9

3 .5 0 3 .9 9 -

9 .9 0
9 .0 9

9 .9 1
9 .9 1

3 .9 3 3 .9 3 -

9.9 5
9.9 5

3 .6 1 3 .6 1 -

9.7 2
9.7 2

119
111

9 .2 1
9 .2 0

3.9 6
3 .9 6

3 .6 8 3 .6 8 -

9.9 9
9.9 3

3 .6 7 -

9.8 6

359
359

9.5 5
9.5 5

9.9 6
9.9 6

9 .1 1 9 .1 1 -

5 .1 9
5 .1 9

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3.6 0

4 # ^° 4 * 60 4 * 70 4#8C 4 - 9 0

9 .3 6
9 .3 6

3.8 7
3.8 8

250
232

3 .9 6 3 .9 6 -

3 .9 5
3 .6 5

9.1 9
9.2 9
9.3 3

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3.5 0

4,4 0

and

3 .8 1
3 .8 1

183
183

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE).--------------------------------NONMANUFACTUKING ----------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S -------------------

4-30
-

9 .3 9
9.3 0

3 .5 1
3 .5 2

4 * 00 4 * 10 4 , 2 0

9.9 2
9 .5 0

3 .9 3
3 .8 8

3 * 70 3 *80 3 , 9 0

$
9 .1 8
9.2 3

9.1 7
9 . 15

179
169

$

3 .9 6
9.0 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3.3 0

3 * 40 3 * 50 3 - 6 0

-

106
106

over

12
T a b le A -5 .

C u sto dial and m aterial m o vem en t occupations

(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s i s b y in du str y d i v is io n, T ren to n, N. J. , S e p t e m b er 1970)
Hourly earnings^

Num ber of w orkers
*
1 .6 0

Se x , o cc u pa t io n , and ind ust ry di v isi on
workers

Median2

s

t

receiv in g

s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s

s

o;

$
1 .7 0

t
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

S
2 .2 0

2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

t
3

20

$
3

40

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

S
4 .0 0

t
4 .2 0

t
4 .4 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3

40

3

60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

over

14
2
12

8
8

2
2

8
6
2

5
5

-

8
8

3
3

19
19

11
11

-

-

24
24

-

-

-

19
2
17

Middle range 2
under
1 .7 0

HEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -----------------

132
106
26

$
2 .7 7
2 .9 7
1 .9 5

$
2 .7 9
3 . 11
1 .9 8

$
2 .1 3 2 .4 4 1 .7 6 -

$
3 .3 3
3 .3 8
2 .1 6

1
1

86

3 .1 7

3 .1 6

2 .7 7 -

3 .9 1

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

606

2 .3 9

48

38

2 .7 5

1 .9 3 2 .6 1 -

2 .8 1

270
336
48

2 .8 8

2 . 10
3 .1 0

2 .3 4
2 .7 7
1 .9 5
3 .0 3

1 .8 0 2 .8 3 -

2 .2 2
3 .2 8

2
46

38

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

446
3B3
63
57

2 .9 1
2 .7 7
3 .7 4
3 .8 7

2
2
4
4

2
2
3
3

4 .1 3
4 .1 4

ORDER FILLERS ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

85
67

3 .0 6
3 . 14

3 .1 7
3 .2 2

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

168
162

2 .8 2
2 .8 3

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

53
43

3 .1 2
3 .1 8

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

39
34

3 .1 5
3 .0 8

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING -----------------

33
29

3 .4 7

TRUCKDRIVERS -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

278
69
209
169

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TU
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------MANUFACTURING ----------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------TRUCKERS, PURER (FORKLIFT) ------MANUFACTURING -----------------

3 .5 0
3 .8 9
3 .2 5
4 .1 0
4 .2 3

3
l

5
-

7
5

9
8

2

5

2

i

-

4

8

-

2

4

-

5

-

5

3

19

11

135
9
126

25
7

10
6
4

26
8

6

14

28

35

64

61

25

2
4

10
4

20
8
3

28
7
4

59

60

16
3

18
8

1
-

5
5

1
~

13
12

74
73

12
12
-

16
15
1

46
46
-

10
10

_

13
1

2
2

11
11

“

-

-

-

2
1
1

3
2
1

18

_

-

-

_

-

3 .1 2 -

3 .3 0
3 .5 1

*

~

2 .8 0 2 .8 1 -

2 .9 5
2 .9 6

-

_

3 .2 9
3 .3 4

2 .8 4 2 .8 8 -

3 .5 1
3 .5 3

3 .4 4

2 .5 5 2 .5 3 -

3 .6 4
3 .6 3

6

3 .2 5
3 .7 1
3 .7 2

3 .1 4 3 .1 6 -

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

2

4 .3 0
3 .2 7
4 .3 2
4 .3 4

3 .2 8 3 .1 0 4 .2 4 -

4 .3 5
3 .4 6
4 .3 6
4 .3 7

0
9
5
7

.4
.4
.2
.2

8
6
6
9

-

2 .7 7 -

4 .3 1 -

3 .3 1
2 .9 9

See foo tn ot es at end of tables




24

-

_

_

_

_

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

6
6
-

_

-

“
3
3

2
1
1

~

-

2

19
19
-

36
34
2

-

1

3
3

16
15

55
55

27
27
-

13
13
-

-

-

41
-

-

4

2
1

3

9
8

-

8
6

8

_

_

-

1

6
6

1

3 .0 6
3 .1 5

2 .8 4 3 .0 5 -

3 .2 0
3 .3 0

4 .3 3

4 .3 4

4 .3 1 -

4 .3 7

4 .3 9

4 .3 5

4 .3 3 -

3 .1 7

3 .0 8
3 .0 6

2 .8 9 -

3 .1 3

2 .8 8 -

3 .4 6
3 .4 1

35

2 .6 9

35

2 .6 9

2 .6 7
2 .6 7

2 .3 7 2 .3 7 -

3 .1 3
3 .1 3

23
23
-

6
5
1

18
18
-

42
26
16

6
6
-

-

-

41

6

_

_

16

18

19

_

-

_

-

-

16

18

19

-

-

-

75
75

22
21

8
8

21
21

1
1

_

_

_

-

~

11
3

2

_

3

_

2

11
9

_

-

12
11

5

2

5

-

-

.

-

_

3
3

1
1

8
6

10
8

3
2

-

7
7

_

11
i i

5
5

-

-

3
3

22
14
8
8

24
19
5

6
6
-

4
4
-

9
9
-

-

170
-

”

“

-

170
149

_

i

13
2
11
5

4
4

6

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

_

6
-

7
7
-

6

-

“

10

5

_

56

2

6

-

7
7

-

12
12

13
13

1

-

41
-

-

-

_

_

_

“

_

“

-

-

4 .3 8

402
387

6
4
2
2

6

2

137

1
1

~

2

163

10

“
-

4
4

3 .0 0
3 .1 0

-

“

1

38

-

2

20
5

7

37
37

7

28

28

31

31

51
51

63
62

53
52

5
5

6
6

10
10

2
2

12
12

22
22

2

17
17

10
10

70
70

-

158

-

WOMEN
PACKERS, SHIPPING
MANUFACTURING •

4
-

16

18

_

.8
.5
.0
.0

33
26
7
7

137

2

11

-

_

13

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t practices and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e provisions

T a b le B-1.

M in im u m e n tra n c e salaries fo r w o m e n o ffice w o rk e rs

(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w ork ers, Trenton, N .J., Septem ber 1970)
In ex p erien ced typists
M anufacturing
M in im u m w eekly straigh t-tim e s a la r y 4

Other in e x p e rie n ce d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 5
M a nufa cturing

Non m anufactu rin g

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 6 of—

All
in du stries
All
schedules

All
schedules

40

37V 2

All
in dustries

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 6 o f—
All
schedules

40

Non m anufactu rin g

40

All
schedules

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ------------------------------------------------------------

90

47

XXX

43

XXX

XXX

90

47

XXX

43

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------------------

29

19

14

10

3

3

38

25

19

13

U n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 5 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 - --------------------------------------------------------$ 6 7 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 70.00__ — -------------------------- -----------------------$ 7 0. 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ________________________________________
$ 7 2 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------$ 7 7 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ______ ____ ____________________________
$ 8 0 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 _____ __________________________________
$ 8 2 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ______________________ _________________
$ 8 5 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ________________________________________
$ 8 7 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 -----------------------------------------------------------$ 9 0 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------$ 9 2 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ------------------------- --------------------------------$ 9 5 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 _______________________________________
$ 9 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ____________________ _________________
$ 1 00 .0 0 an d o v e r . _____________________________________ __________

_

_
1
3
4
3
1
-

_
2
3
2
1
1
1
-

_
1
2
-

_
1
1
1
-

1
1
1
8
1
7
4
2
2
2
1
1
1

_

1
5
7
5
1
1
2

_
-

_
2
1
3
2
1
2
2
1

40

XXX

5
_
2
1
1
1

4

4

4

-

-

-

6

5

5

1
1
4
2
1
1
1
1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

20

12

XXX

8

XXX

XXX

29

13

XXX

16

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h di d not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

41

16

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

23

9

XXX

14

XXX

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
1
-

1
1
1
-

1
3
2
1
1
1
1
-

1
4
1
5
3
1
2
2
1

14




T a b le B -2 .

S h if t d iffe re n tia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e an d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

L a te-sh ift pay provision

In establishm ents having p rovision s
fo r late shifts

7

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

Total-------- ----------------------------------------------------No pay differen tial fo r work on late s h ift--------Pay differen tial for work on late sh ift--------------

T hird o r other
shift

Second shift

88.9

87.8

16.9

-

_

_

Third or other
shift

4.7
_

88.9

87.8

16.9

4.7

U niform cents (p er h o u r)--------------------------

44.1

40.1

8.5

3.3

5 c e n ts _________________________________
6 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------7 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------7 Vz c e n ts ----------------------------------------------8 c e n ts _________________________________
9 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------1 0 cen ts________________________________
1 1 cen ts________________________________
IE cen ts________________________________
1 3 V cen ts---------------------------------------------3
14 cen ts________________________________
15 cen ts-------------------------------------------------16 cen ts________________________________
17 cen ts________________________________
2 0 cen ts________________________________
25 cen ts________________________________

5.0
1.4
11.7
3.0
6.4
-

1.2

.6

_
.3

U niform p ercen ta g e-----------------------------------

44.9

p e rce n t_________________________ ___
p e rce n t______________________________
p e rce n t_______________________________
p e rce n t_______________________________
1 0 percent______________________________

5.9
14.7

Type and amount of d ifferen tial:

4
5
6
8

1.0

1.5
3.5
3.2

2.4
1.4
2.7
4.6
1.9
5.0
4.4
9.6

.3
2.6

.7
1.2

-

.1

.1
.8

.1

.1

.3

.3

.1
.4

.6

.5

.6

.6

2.4
4.2

2.1

.3

( 8)
.5

4.2

1.1

-

-

.5

37.5

8.4

.7

-

5.1

19.3

-

.1

.6

4.3
.7

10.9

-

26.6

2 .9

_
.3
.4

Full d a y's pay for reduced hours
plus cents d iffe re n tia l----------------------------

2.4

Full d ay's pay for reduced hours
plus percentage d ifferen tial-------------------

6.2

.6

Other form a l pay d ifferen tial-------------------

1.5

.1

See foo tn o te s

at e n d o f t a b l e s .

-

-

15

T a b le B - 3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pl a n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
Plant w o r k e r s

O ffice w ork ers

W eekly hours
A ll industries

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

3 1 V4 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 35 and u n d e r 37V2 h o u r s -------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 an<^ u n d e r 40 h o u r s _____________________
40 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------

Se e f o o t n o t e s




at e nd o f t a b l e s .

10 0

M anufacturing

P u b l ic utilities

A l l in d u s t r i e s

10 0

100

100

1

-

-

-

10
7

M anufacturing

100

P u b l ic utilities

10 0

n

1
1
10
2
84
2

4
2
91
1

-

100

28
7
47
(9 )

2
1
34
5
58
1

69
1
30

16

T a b le B - 4 .

Paid holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pl a nt a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t e m b e r 1970)
P lant w o r k e r s

O ffice w orkers

Item
A ll in dustries

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------- -------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pa id h o l i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no pa id h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------

M a nufacturing

P u b lic utilities

A ll industries

M a nufacturing

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

1

-

"

(’ )

-

-

1
14
(9 )
7
1
14
1
2
30
3
14
7
3
1
2

5
5
2
16
1
3
35
4
17
10

10
33
7
34
15
-

8
(9 )
3
1
11

4
4
1
10

(9 )
2
26
4
23
8
13

(9 )
3
30
7
36
4
(9 )

1
2
-

2
2
3
5
12
29
61
61
76
84
98
99

2
2
2
3
13
33
71
72
90
95
100
100

Num ber of days
4 h o l i d a y s ---------------------------- --------------------------- -------—
6 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ------------------------- -------7 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ------------------------------------9 hoi i d a y s _____________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s pl u s 2 h a l f d a y s ------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s . . ----------------------------- ----------------------------------1 1 h o i i d a y s ----------------------------------- -------------------------------12 h o l i d a y s ------------------- ------------------ --------------------- ------1 3 h o i i d a y s ---------------------------------------------------- -------------13 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y --------------- --------------------14 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------

n

2

(!)

-

( >
(9 )

i

15
49
49
57
90
90
100
100
100
100

(’ )
1
1
14
22
49
77
77
89
92
99
99

i
i
i
i
5
48
81
81
92
96
100
100

-

69
-

1
-

23
4
-

T o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e 10
14 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------13'A d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------1 3 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------12 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------1 1 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e --------- ----------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------- --------------------------------8 l/> d a y s o r m o r e ....................................................... .........
8 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------- -----------------------------------4 d a y s o r m o r e ------ ----------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




4
27
27
28
97
97
99
100
100
100

17

T a b le B - 5 .

Paid vacatio n s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pl a nt and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

Trenton,

N .J.,

S e p t e m b e r 1970)

P lant w o r k e r s

O ffice w orkers

V acation p o lic y
A ll in dustries

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

M a nufacturing

P u b l ic utilities

All industries

M anufacturing

P u b lic utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
83
17

100
76
24

100
100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

“

“

“

“

“

18
26
8
"

22
29
1

_

4
72
7
6

4
80
5

78
19

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pa i d v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t . . ____________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no pa id v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________

'

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11
A fter 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k --------------------------------- --------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

"

53
29
“

-

After 1 year of se rvice
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

(9)
63
10
17
9

_

_

-

-

-

67
14
15
4

18

14
(9)
83
2

15
1
84
(9)

3
93
4

(9)
37
20
33
10

-

-

-

-

44
27
25
4

10
69
20

3
2
79
16

4
3
69
24

1
~
95
4

4
23
58
5
10

4
31
54
7
4

80
20

( 9)
2
76
5
16

( 9)
3
64
9
24

95
4

4
21
60

(9)
2
76

5

4
28
57
7

11

5

(9)
3
64
9
24

95
4

-

62
20

A fter 2 y ea r s of se r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------- --------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

A fter 3 y ea r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

1

After 4 years of service
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

S ee footn otes




at end o f t a b l e s .

-

80
20

5

16

1

18

T a b le B - 5 .

P aid v a c a tio n s -----C o n tin u ed

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

Trenton,

N.J.,

S e p t e m b e r 1970)

P lant w o r k e r s

O ffice w orkers

V acation p olic y
A ll in dustries

M a nufacturing

P u b l ic utilities

A ll in dustries

M a nufacturing

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11— C o n t i n u e d
A fter 5 y ea r s of se r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
( 9)
68
10
20

i
73
13
12

80
20

_
7
18
71
2
1

_
100
-

_
4
19
68
7
2

_
100
-

( 9)
11
4
60
5
19

4
67
11
14
4

100
-

( 9)
4
61
5
30

1
44
8
47

1
99
-

-

-

-

( 9)
64
8
28

_
57
5
38

i
_
95
4

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

1
( 9)
10
13
68
2
6

-

( 9)
13
4
62
2
19

_
4
7
56
4
29

1
99
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

1

8
14
66
5
7

_
2
7
53
9
29

1
99
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________ ____
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
5 w e e k s --------------- -----------------------------------------------------------

1

8
(9)
65
8
16
3

-

_

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a nd u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------- ---------5 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_

-

4

-

( 9)
4

-

-

-

33
54
9

93
7

20
70
6

1

_

8

4
20
6
45
8
16

_
31
69

( 9)
4
5
4
59
5
23

1
8
(9)
29
55
7

_
1
11
78
10

1
5
93
1

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________ —
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________

See footnotes




at end o f t a b l e s .

( 9)
20
4
44
5
17

_
1
3
6
67
8
15

1
5
7
88

19

T a b le

B -5 .

P a id v a c a t io n s ----- C o n t in u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

T r e n t o n , N .J ., S e p t e m b e r 1970)

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r i e s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A l l i n d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 11-----C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
6 w e e k s ___________________________________ ____________

_

_

4

-

1
8
( 9)
20
4
39
5
22

-

-

20
6
38
8
23

-

-

-

1
8

_

_

4

-

-

31
69
-

-

31
-

69
-

(9)
4
5
4
58
5
23
1

.

1

i

-

-

5

3
6
65
8
15
2

-

7
-

88
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________ - 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________________________
5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s __________________________________________

See

fo o tn o te s




at e n d o f t a b l e s

( 9)
20
4
39
5
22
-

20
6
38
8
23
-

( 9)
4
~
5
4
58
5
23
(9)
1

_

1
3
6
65
8
15
1
1

1
5
7
88

20

T a b le B -6 .

H e a l t h , in s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t e m b e r 1 9 7 0 )
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it a n d
fin a n c in g 12

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

O ffic e w o rk e r s
P u b l i c u t il it i e s

A l l in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l i c u t il it i e s

100

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f t h e b e n e f it s s h o w n b e l o w -------------------

99

100

100

99

100

100

96
84

99
95

100
71

98
66

99
69

100
82

68
58

69
65

63
63

63
55

59
52

81
81

64

63

90

84

85

100

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ---------- --N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------S ic k l e a v e (f u ll p a y a n d no
w a it in g p e r i o d ) .
. ------------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------------

57
45

61
50

57
57

59
46

79
60

23
23

14

9

37

58

72

26

3

1

33

10

-

69

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ---------------------- ------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------- ------------------ ------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s
------------------------------M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e - - ------------------ --------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------- ------------ —
D en ta l i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------- ---------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ----------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------------------

99
89
99
90
97
89
36
29
1
1
91
72

100
94
100
94
99
94
34
29
-

100
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98
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L if e i n s u r a n c e ----- -------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------A c c id e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 13-------------------------------------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e s .




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21

F o o tn o te s

A l l o f t h e s e s t a n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p l y to t h i s b u l l e t i n .

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e t h a n th e r a t e sh o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y
2 r a t e s of p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n th e h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s t h a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d
w orkw eeks.
5 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
6 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r l a t e
s h i f t s , e v e n th o u g h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
8 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s t h a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l
o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s a n d no h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on. P r o p o r t i o n s th e n
w ere cu m u lated .
11 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r t h a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u i v a l e n t
tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a p a y m en t of 2 p e r c e n t of annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y
a n d do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f t h e c o s t i s b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n l y t h o s e p l a n s f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y the e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
13 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y t h a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on a n i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l D e s c r ip t io n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t t o e s t a b l is h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
t o e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n t in u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b il li n g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo l lo w s :

P o s it io n s

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a ll y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d on th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d is o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o l v e a k n o w l e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m
and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .

CLERK,

T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s t o th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .




c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s and o f f i c e p r a c t i c e s a n d p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t i n g i n f o r m a t io n .
e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
b u t is n o t r e q u i r e d t o h a v e a k n o w l e d g e o f th e f o r m a l

NOTE:

S in c e

th e l a s t s u r v e y in t h is

area ,

on th e b a s i s

o f th e fo l lo w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

F IL E

C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo r m
re la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s re q u ir e d
to m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w it h th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e i n t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r ify in g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , li s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s tin g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e i t h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .

in to l e v e l s

C la s s A .
In an e s t a b l i s h e d f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n
w it h th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G

c la s s ifie d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s and s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t i n g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u i r in g li t t l e k n o w l e d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e t y p e o f b il li n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h i n e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

a re

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c l a s s i f ic a t i o n s , o r tr a c in g t r a n s a c t io n s th ro u g h p r e v io u s
a cco u n tin g a c tio n s to d e te r m in e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s s is te d b y one o r m o re
c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t a n - o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s and q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .

th e B u r e a u h a s d i s c o n t in u e d

22

c o lle c t in g

d a ta f o r

o ile r s

and

p lu m b e rs .

23
COM PTOM ETER OPERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b is n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s i n c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o t h e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PE RATO R
O p e r a te s a k ey pu n ch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .
P o s it io n s

a re

m a c h in e

c la s s ifie d

to

record

in t o l e v e l s

or v e r ify

o n th e b a s i s

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r n u m e r ic

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

o f th e f o l l o w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u n i o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d i n c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d d i f f ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
Exclusions
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s that a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s ; (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E ; T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a l l c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l lo w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

e tc. (o r

oth er

e q u iv a le n t le v e l

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and i s u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o_r

C la s s

etc. (o r

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . ,
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o £

fe w e r

than

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RAPH ER, G EN ERAL
P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n .
M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y.
M a y a l s o s e t up a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g ; W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc.
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m i n g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r




o r p r e s id e n t)

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o~r~a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

SECRETARY

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l )
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .

in

d a ta on

C la s s B .
W o r k i s r o u t in e a n d r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e
li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta t o b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t io n .

a ll ,

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s to b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e
k ey p u n ch w o rk .
M a y t r a in i n e x p e r i e n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .

Class

C la s s

o f a m a jo r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ,
c la s s B , o r as a fu ll-t im e

24
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) ---- C o n t in u e d

a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m li m it e d t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d e r s p e c if ic in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e b u t r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s
t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e f i li n g w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r it te n c o p y and d o s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )
T Y P IS T
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is d e f in i t io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .
P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l lo w i n g

U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r t o m a k e out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s in g
d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a in i n g l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w ir in g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n a n d i n s e r t i o n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h en
it i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
to o p e r a t i n g in s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k i n c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogra m .
F or w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter o p e r a to r s

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and
i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t i d e n t if ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l is h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is li t t l e o r n o t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t io n s and w it h fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .




C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o l v e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t io n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
in v o l v e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , and th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t in e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

25
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U SIN E SS ---- C o n t in u e d

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a ta e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l is h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n

t o lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e j r s w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f in i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t io n s f r o m in p u t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d er fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r

in s tr u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l ic a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l ic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k is r e v i e w e d t o , v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
re q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U SIN E SS
A n a ly z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t if ie s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
t o a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s t o
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t io n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k and
d a ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f
n ew a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p l ie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o in s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w it h th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
pon en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w it h i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e i v e s i n it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w it h in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a re le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy stem s

a n a ly s t s

a re

c la s s ifie d

E L E C T R O N IC

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s is . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s an i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t i c a ll y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e fu l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r ia t e fo l lo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes re c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v id e
a s s is t.

fu n c t io n a l

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s

a n a ly s ts w h o a r e

a ssig n e d

to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e ou tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
(F^** ^ v a m n le . d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k .




P r e p a r e s sim p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

or

r e p e t it iv e

d ra w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .

W o rk is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e f o l lo w i n g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d if y i n g , in s t a l li n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u li n g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a l l o f th e f o l lo w i n g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t in g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , t u n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o r k i s n o n r e p e t it i v e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n in g t o th e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b l e a n a l y s i s ; a n d
th e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a lin e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a rts .
E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d o n t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G r o u n d , v e h i c l e , o r a i r b o r n e r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v i g a t i o n a id s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t in g o r r e c o r d i n g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n i c c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r ia l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t in g , a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
( E x c lu d e p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e iv in g s e ts !

26
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L ( R e g i s t e r e d ) ---- C o n t in u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H I N I S T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in
th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g
and te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f t h e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s ;
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n on e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h t h e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m tra d e to t r a d e ;
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
f i n e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r in g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n eed
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie j o b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M a in t e n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s d u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d li g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N I C , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t ie s
i n v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o l s a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u tt y o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p i p e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p i p e t o
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o . o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d in g
p i p e w it h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g

27
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

p ip e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d fa s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f in g ) o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l li n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as r e q u ire d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

(D i e m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fix tu re m a k e r; g a g e m a k e r)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e it h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a kes roun ds
t h e ft , and i l l e g a l e n t r y .
J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEAN ER

c h a rw o m a n ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

cle rk

T R U C K D R IV E R

(L o a d e r and u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .
ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x clu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

F IL L E R

(O rd e r

p ick e r;

stock

se le c to r ; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fi n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t io n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
to fi ll in g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u tie s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (I V 2 t o and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fi n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g
da ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a;re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( f o r k l if t )
(o t h e r th a n f o r k li f t )

A vailable O n

R e q u e s t -----

The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the inside front cover.
Abilenei Tex.
Alaska
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Amarillo, Tex.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
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S.C.
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Cheyenne, Wyo.
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Ala.
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Decatur, 111.
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Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
Durham, N.C.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick—
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Great Falls, Mont.
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Copies of public releases are

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Cos., N.J.
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N.J.—
Md.

The tenth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
tracers, job analysts, directors of personnal, buyers, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1654, National Survey of
Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1969. 75 cents a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices.




A rea W age

Surveys

A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1970_______________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Feb. 1970_______
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1970 1______________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1970 L.
Atlanta, Ga., May 1970 1______________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1969____________________
Beaumontr-Port Arthui—
Orange, Tex., May 1970___
Binghamton, N.Y., July 1970___________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1970__________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1969___________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1970 1____________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1969______________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1970____________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1970 1______________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1970 1________________
Charlotte, N.C., Mar. 19701 __________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1970 1 ____________
Chicago, 111., June 1970_______________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— Ind., Feb. 1970____________
Ky.—
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969____________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969____________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1969_______________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Dayton", Ohio, Dec. 1969______________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969 1____________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970 1 _________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1970_____________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1969___________________
Green Bay, Wis., July 1970 1__________________
Greenville, S.C., May 1970____________________
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1970______________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969___________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1970_____________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1969__________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1969_____________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1970 1_____
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1970 1___
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1970______________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1970 1____________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1970 1 _________________
Memphis, Tenn.-Ark., Nov. 1969 1 ______________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1969_______________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1970 1 ___________
Milwaukee, Wis., May 1970 1___________________
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 19701 _________
St.

Bulletin number
and price
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660-11,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1685-11,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
50 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
60 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39.
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
50 cents

D ata on esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p plem en tary w a g e provisions are also presented.




Area
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 1970 1___
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1970 1________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1970 1
......... .
New Orleans. La.. .Tan. 1970_
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1970 1__________________
Norfolk^Portsmouth and Newport News—
_
Hampton, Va.. .Tan. 19701 — _
Oklahoma City. Okla., July 1970_
Omaha. Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1970* _
Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., June 1970 1_______
Philadelphia. Pa.-N.J., Nov. 1969 *_
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 1970 1
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1970 1____________________
Portland. Maine. Nov. 1969 1 _
_ .. .
Portland. Oreg.-Wash., May 1970 1
_ .
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.—
Mass.,
May 1970 ..................................................................
Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1970 1_____-_______________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 1970 1____________________
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only),
Aug. 1970—
_
.
Rockford. 111.. May 1970 1 ______
St. Louis, Mo.— , Mar. 1970__ _
111.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1969 1_____ ____ ___
San Antonio. Tex.. May 1970_____
__
San Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1969_________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 19691 ________ _____
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1969 1 _____ .
San Jose, Calif., Aug. 1970____________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1970* ____________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1970 *. ___________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1970_____________ „
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Sept. 1969_____ _____ _ _
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 19701 __________
_
Spokane, Wash., June 1970 1 __________ ____
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1970 __ __ _____ _
_
Tampa— Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1969 1 _________
St.
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 197 0_________________
Trenton. N..T.. Sept. 1970 1 __ _
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1970__________________
Washington. D.C.— Va., Sept. 1969 1
Md.—
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1970 1_________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 1970_____________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1970 1 ____________________
Worcester, Mass., May 1970 1 _________________
York. Pa.. Feb. 19701 _ _ _ ___________
_
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1969 1___________

Bulletin number
and price
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
75 cents

1660-59,
1685-5,
1685-14,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
45 cents
60 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
40 cents

1660-72, 30 cents
1685-12, 35 cents
1660-65, 40 cents
1685-7,
1660-75,
1660- 66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1685-13,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1685-15,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102