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SANTA CLANA

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S an Jose, C alifornia, M etropolitan A rea,
A ugust 1 9 7 0

B u lle t in
U.s.

DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

1 6 8 5 -1 3

/ Bureau of Labor Statistics

New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone. 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e S an Jose, C alifornia, M etro p o litan A rea,
A ug u st 1 9 7 0

B ulletin 1 6 8 5 -1 3
December 1970
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 30 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents the survey results.
After completion of all
of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, two
summary bulletins are issued.
The first brings data for
each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents information which has been projected
from individual metropolitan area data to relate to geo­
graphic regions and the United States.
Ninety areas currently are included in the pro­
gram . In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions biennially.

Introduction-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups-------------------------------------------T a b les:
1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied_______________________________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods------------------------------------A.

Occupational earnings:
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women__________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women_______________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined__________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations____________________
A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations_____________

Appendix.

Occupational description s______________________________________

This bulletin presents results of the survey in San
Jose, C alif., in August 1970.
The Standard Metropolitan
Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through January 1968, consists of Santa Clara County. This
study was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in San
Francisco, C alif., under the general direction of Adolph O.
B erger, Assistant Regional Director for Operations.




1
4

areas.

NOTE: Similar tabulations are available
(See inside back cover.)

for other

3

5
6
8
9
10
11
13




In tro d u c tio n
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b a s is .1

either (l) employment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough
data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by m ail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i .e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude p re­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-liv in g
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em ­
ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ices. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

These surveys m easure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firm s may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even
though m ost establishments in an area increase wages during the year.
Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table 2, are better
indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within the groups.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerica l; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m ove­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables, because
1

In c lu d e d in the 9 0 areas are fo u r stu d ies c o n d u c t e d u n d er c o n t r a c t w ith th e N e w Y o r k

D e p a rtm e n t o f L ab or.

T h ese areas are B in g h a m ton (N e w Y o i k p o r t io n o n ly ) ; R o c h e s t e r ( o f f i c e o c c u ­

p a tion s o n ly ); S y ra cu se; and U t i c a — R o m e .

In a d d it io n , the Bureau co n d u c t s m o re li m it e d a rea studies

in 77 areas a t the req u est o f th e W a g e and H ou r D iv is io n o f th e U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L ab or.




The averages presented reflect com posite, areawide e sti­
m ates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Sim ilarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments.
Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
Sta te
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
perform ed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying

1

2
employees in these surveys are usually m ore generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of the earnings data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -se r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is collected biennially.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced
women office w orkers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours;
paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous bulletins for
this area.

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r s tu d ie d ir

S a n J o s e , C a lif .,1

by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 A u g u s t 1 9 7 0
M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry div ision

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5----------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6----------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6 _______________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6------------__________________________________________
S e rv ice s

N u m ber o f establish m en ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W it h in s c o p e
o f st u d y 3

S t ud ie d

St u d i ed
Numbe r

Pe rcent

.

545

140

1 5 5 ,8 3 4

100

1 0 1 ,2 7 9

50
-

2 30
315

61
79

9 8 ,4 5 2
5 7 ,3 8 2

63
37

6 8 ,8 4 4
3 2 ,4 3 5

50
50
50
50
50

29
41
135
41
69

13
9

1 1 ,3 2 6
5 ,2 0 1
1 8 ,3 9 4
6 ,7 6 5
1 5 ,6 9 6

7
4

12

9 ,8 2 8
2 ,9 2 7
8 ,4 7 4
3 ,8 8 9
7 ,3 1 7

21
12
24

4

10

1 T h e S a n J o s e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f S a n ta C l a r a
C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t
i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t io n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 In clu d e s a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w it h in th e a r e a )
o fco m p a n ie s
in s u c h
in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e ,
f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w it h in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d t o " P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t in t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and
( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o te ls andm o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile
r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ;
m o t io n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t w o - t h i r d s o f t h e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in th e S a n J o s e a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T l e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r i n g ;
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s _____________________________ 32
O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s _______ 24
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ____ 20
M a c h in e r y , e x ce p t
e l e c t r i c a l __________________________ 9

O r d n a n c e ____________________________ 2 1
E l e c t r o n i c c o m p o n e n ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s ----------------------------------- 18
C a n n e d , c u r e d , and fr o z e n
f o o d s ------------------------------------------------ 16
E l e c t r o n i c t e s t and
d i s t r i b u t i n g e q u ip m e n t _________
7
O f f i c e a n d c o m p u t in g
m a c h i n e s __________________________
7

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p il e d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given tim e, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields
the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of
the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations
were based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate
between surveys.
These estim ates are m easures of change in aver­
ages for the area; they are not intended to m easure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

shows the percentage change.
The index is the product of multiplying
the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding
year and continuing to multiply (compound) each y ea r's relative by the
previous y ear's index.
For office clerica l workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtim e.
For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include m ost of the numerically important jobs within
each group.
Limitations of Data

Method of Computing
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (1) general salary and
wage changes, (2) m erit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work fo rces.
Sim ilarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em ­
ployment in the occupational group:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ): O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )— S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp en ters
C o n tin u e d
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
E le c tr ic ia n s
S e c r e t a r ie s
op e r a to r s, cla s s B
M a ch in ists
S te n o g ra p h e r s, g e n e r a l
C le ik s , a c c o u n t in g , cla s ses
M e c h a n ic s
S te n o g ra p h e r s, s e n io r
A and B
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o t iv e )
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a to r s , cla s ses
C le ik s , f i l e , classes
P ainters
A and B
A , B, and C
P ip e fitte r s
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a to r s,
C le ik s , o rd e r
T o o l and d ie m a k ers
c la s s B
C le rk s , p a y r o ll
C o m p t o m e t e r opera tors
K e y p u n ch o p e r a to r s , classes
A and B
O f f i c e b o y s and girls

T y p is ts , c la s se s A and B
Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ):
N u rses, in d u stria l (r e g is t e r e d )

U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
J an itors, p orters, and cle a n e r s
L a b orers, m a te r ia l h a n d lin g

The use of constant 'Employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtim e.
Where n ecessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were m ulti­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group were totaled.
The aggregates for 2 consecutive years
were related by dividing the aggregate for the later year by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year.
The resultant relative, less 100 percent,




4




5

T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s an d s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s

in

S a n J o s e , C a lif., A u g u s t 1 9 7 0 a n d S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u s t r ie s
O ffic e
cle r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

P e r io d

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

M a n u fa c t u r in g

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

O ffic e
cle r ic a l
(m e n a n d
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n a n d
w om en)

S k i ll e d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k i ll e d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

123. 4
1 14 . 9

123. 0
115. 6

1 14. 1
1 12 . 5

1 .4
1. 5

In d e x e s (S e p t e m b e r 1967=100)
A u g u s t 1 9 7 0 --------------------------------------------------------------------S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 9 - ___ ________________________________

1 17 . 4
no. 9

1 23 . 0
115. 6

122 5
115. 0

1 13 . 8
1 10 . 4

117. 5
111. 7

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e

S e p t e m b e r 1 969 t o A u g u s t 1 97 0:
11- m o n t h i n c r e a s e ________________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ___ ____________________

5. 9

6. 4

6. 5

6. 5

7. 0

7. 1

3. 1
3. 4

5. 2
5. 7

S ep tem
S ep tem
S ep tem
S ep tem

4.
6.
5.
4.

6.
8.
4.
3.

5.
4.
4.
3.

4.
7.
5.
4.

ber
ber
ber
ber

1968
1 96 7
1 96 6
1 96 5

to
to
to
to

S ep tem
S ep tem
S ep tem
S ep tem

ber
ber
ber
ber

1 9 6 9 _______________
____
1 96 8 ____
1 9 6 7 —_____________
1 9 6 6 _ ____ _______
_

4
2
4
0

7.
7.
11.
4.

2
8
5
5

1
4
0
6

5
6
3
7

4
0
4
5

7. 4

6. 4

8. 1

7. 0

6. 6

6. 4
8. 6

7. 1
5. 1

3 .9
3. 6

6. 7
2. 2

7. 8

12. 0
4. 5

6

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u stry d iv isio n , S an J o s e , C a l i f ., A u g u st 1970)
W
eekly earnings 1
(star. dard)

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Mumbe r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g st r a i g h t - t im e w e ek ly ea rn in gs o f —
$

Average
weekly

70
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

(standard)

$

$
75

80

$
85

*
90

s

$
95

100

$
105

$
no

$
115

t
120

$
125

t
130

$

t
140

150

*

$
160

170

S

$
180

190

S
200

and
under

210
and

75

-

85

~

90

95

100

105

-

110

2

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

over

~

-

5
5

8
8

5
5

4
4

4
4

5
5

4
4

1
1

-

10
10

8
8

26
2

17

33
8

8
-

12
*

8

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

38
36

40-0
40.0

$
$
161.00 159.00
164.00 162.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

122
28

40.0
40.0

168.00
152.00

170.00
146.50

1 53.00-179.50
1 38.50-172.00

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

40
25

39.5
40.0

104.00
103.50

105.50
106.50

9 8.0 0-11 0.5 0
8 9.5 0-11 2.0 0

_

_

-

8
7

1
1

2
2

8
1

11
7

6
4

2
1

-

_

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

131.50

129.00

1 21.50-145.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

5

12

2

6

9

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

o
o

80

$
$
1 43.50-185.50
1 45.50-186.00

o
o

M
EN

*

112.00

113.00

104.50-125.50

-

-

-

-

4

-

4

-

12

2

1

3

4

-

-

“

2

-

4
4

11
5
6

26
20
6

54
35
19

26
22
4

93
80
13

67
47
20

54
22
32

21
9
12

10
2
8

1
1
-

-

_
-

_
-

2

9
i
8

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

W
OMEN
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------

38

BUOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------

30

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

378
244
134

40.0
40.0
40.0

136.50
135.50
138.00

135.00
134.00
142.50

124.00-149.00
125.00-144.50
122.00-153.50

~

CLERKS,

657
293
364

40.0
40.9
40.0

109.00
111.50
107.00

109.50
112.50
106.00

100.00-118.00
102.50-121.00
9 7.5 0-11 5.0 0

_
“

-

6
6

8
6
2

64
3
61

89
34
55

106
47
59

61
29
32

111
45
66

88
43
45

43
38
5

46
33
13

18
6
12

14
14

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

39

39.5

120.50

132.00

107.00-139.00

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

3

i

-

14

5

3

-

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING — ,---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

203
124
79

39.5
40.0
39.5

96.50
105.00
82.50

97.00
104.00
82.50

8 7.5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
9 9.5 0-11 3.0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 90.50

14
14

20

12
12

11
11

38
16
22

17
17

39
39

14
14

12
12

25
25

-

_
-

1
1

20

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

139
30

40.0
40.0

91.50
94.50

89.50
80.00

8 2 .5 0 - 97.50
7 7.5 0-11 5.0 0

-

22
16

27
-

24

19
4

26
2

4
“

8
i

2

-

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

86
70

40.0
40.0

112.00
118.00

118.00
127.00

8 9.0 0-13 2.5 0
1 02.50-133.50

-

-

7
7

19
3

7
7

*

-

-

3
3

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

147
113
34

40.0
40.0
40.0

125.00
126.00
123.00

124.00
124.00
124.50

1 08.00-142.50
1 08.00-144.00
1 09.50-130.50

-

_
-

_
-

“

9
6
3

i
i

17
14
3

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

73
47

40.0
40.0

127.00
133.50

124.00
133.00

1 20.50-145.50
1 23.00-147.00

-

-

-

3

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------

419
252
167
34

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

129.00
131.00
126.50
155.50

127.50
132.50
122.50
167.00

116.00-141.50
1 15.50-150.50
116.00-131.50
1 38.00-170.00

-

-

-

_
~

-

13
9
4

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

372
160
212

39.5
40.0
39.5

109.50
120.00
102.00

107.50
116.00
103.50

1 01.50-116.00
1 07.00-135.50
9 9.0 0-11 0.0 0

17

_

17

*

2

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

2,366
1 ,6 8 8
678

40.0
40.0
40.0

144.00
145.50
139.00

141.50
143.50
138.50

1 29.00-157.00
130.00-158.50
1 27.00-147.50

-

-

-

"

“

A CCOUNTING,

C LA SS

B ----

MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS A ----------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of t a b le s.




2

-

_

“

-

_

*

-

-

-

7
7

12
12

~

8
8

25
25

4
4

1
1

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

17
15
2

5
4
i

10
6
4

19
15
4

8
8

19
15
4

23
23
-

14
13
1

1
1
-

4
1
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1

i

7

4
i

25
20

1
-

12
7

19
19

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
6
4

35
30
5

33
14
19

76
31
45
3

22
8
14

44
13
31
-

78
55
23
9

18
18
-

59
59
-

19
5
14
14

10
2
8
8

2
2
*

-

-

_

-

~

_

_

-

-

48
40
8

29
24

30
28
2

22
20
2

-

-

10
6
4

44
6
38

80
16
64

67
34
33

55
15
40

19
14
5

14
9
5

20
16
4

14
14

25
25

1
1

4
4

_

i
i

14
12
2

23
14

34
20
14

41
22
19

144
111

183
118
65

184
118
66

463
308
155

465
297
168

370
323
47

221
148
73

94
84
10

9

33

-

-

5

-

7
T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n -----C ontin u ed

(A v e r a g e str a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u stry d iv isio n , San J o s e , C a l i f ,, A u gu st 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g str a ig h t- tim e w eekly e a r n in g s of—

t

Average
weekly

%
70

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range 2

(standard)

SECRETARIES -

75

*
80

i
85

I
90

$
95

$

100

$
105

no

$

i

1 15

S

120

1 25

$
130

*

160

$

150

i

160

$

s

170

%

180

190

$

i

200

210

and
und er
75

W
OMEN -

s

and
80

85

90

95

1 05

100

115

125

120

170

180

210 nvpr

1 30

160

150

160

5

110

3

11
9

11
11

15
2

11
11

13
12

3
3

1
1

7
7

2
2
-

40
23
17

78
56
22

66
63
3

77
64
13

56
50
6

23
21
2

23
20
3

28
27
1

15
13
2
-

190

200

CONTINUED

CUNTINUEO

SECRETARIES. CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

80
56

60-0
60-0

$
170.00
178.00

165.00
177.00

1 51.50-182.00
1 56 .00 -1 85 .00

SECRETARIES. CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

397
320
77

60.0
60.0
60.0

166.50
167.50
151.00

162.50
166.50
166.00

1 66 .00 -1 77 .50
1 69.50-180.50
136.50-166.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

868
606
262

40.0
60.0
60.0

162.50
161.50
166.50

163.00
162.00
166.00

132.00-156.00
1 30.50-153.00
1 36.50-156.00

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1,021
706
315

60.0
60.0
40.0

135.00
136.50
131.00

133.50
136.50
131.00

1 23.50-166.00
1 26.00-156.00
1 22.50-160.50

“

“

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

332
266
68

60.0
60.0
60.0

116.00
118.50
105.00

116.50
118.50
101.50

1 05 .00 -1 25 .00
1 08 .50 -1 29 .00
9 7.00-113.50

_

_

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

620
561
79

60.0
60.0
60.0

161.00
162.00
136.50

150.00
150.50
135.50

1 29 .50 -1 52 .50
1 31 .00 -1 53 .00
122.00-150.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

92
54
38

60.0
40.0
40.0

121.50
127.00
113.50

117.00
121.00
112.50

1 10 .50-125.00
1 15 .50-150.00
1 06 .00-117.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

102
89

40.0
60.0

102.00
99.00

99.50
98.00

8 8.5 0-11 6.0 0
8 7.5 0-11 0.5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

195
110
85

60.0
60.0
60.0

109.50
110.50
108.00

108.00
110.00
106.00

1 01 .00-120.50
1 01 .00-122.00
1 01 .00 -1 17 .00

_

_

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

663
610
53

60.0
60.0
39.0

136.50
137.50
113.00

165.50
166.00
113.00

1 19 .00 -1 68 .00
1 25 .50 -1 68 .00
1 03 .00 -1 26 .00

-

_

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

408
268
160

39.5
60.0
39.0

105.00
109.00
97.00

105.50
110.00
97.00

9 5.50-116.00
1 01 .00 -1 17 .00
90.5 0-10 5.5 0

8

-

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .




-

8

-

-

-

1
1
-

6
6

3
2
1

16
13
3

5
3
2

54
65
9

67
36
11

57
39
18

179
126
55

221
1 50
71

161
97
44

101
60
61

25
23
2

9
7
2

3
1
2

1
1

8
6
2

20
12
8

10
7
3

36
19
17

90
66
26

135
81
56

120
77
63

261
161
80

155
82
73

1 72
1 72
-

28
22
6

2
2

3
3

-

-

-

39
17

32
18
14

49
66
5

22
18
4

57
50
7

62
39
3

17
16
3

56
53
1

10
9
1

_

-

~

-

3
2
1

5
2
3

16
8
6

71
67
4

28
19
9

36
33
1

58
38
20

88
76
12

315
295
20

2
1
1

12
5
7

7
4
3

17
3
14

19
13
6

13
10
3

6
3
i

2
2
-

1
1
-

12
11
1

2
1
1

~

-

-

16
16

5
4

12
11

5
5

16
16

8
3

1

i

2

1

_

_

_

_

11
11

37
15
22

31
17
16

16
9
7

19
10
9

21
20
1

15
8
7

10
6
4

4

_

_

_

272
272

8

>

:
_
_

-

_

-

1
1
9

i
-

1
8

22

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

1

1

~

_

2
2
15
15

-

8

15
15

7

9
9

6

18

3

10
8

1
7

2
5

6

30
9

4

21

10

6

-

2
1
1

12
2

28
18
10

20
17
3

27
17
10

23
18
5

23
17
6

18
16
4

26
17
7

69
26
25

51
19
32

52
39
13

57
38
19

61
49
12

61
60
1

23
19

16
16

3
2
1

16

4

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

~

-

1
1

~

~

~

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

'

*

2
2

-

~

-

3

8
8

-

“

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s io n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g u st 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w eeK ly e a rn in g s o f
i

zcu p a tion , and in d u str y di'

Number
of
workers

i

100

t

$

s

s

110

1 20

1 30

140

_

_

_

120

130

140

1 50

$

s

$

150

160

_

_

_

160

170

180

s

170

180

$

190

i

2 00

$

210

s

220

s

2 30

$

2 40

t

250

$

s

2 70

2 60

2 80

i

t

2 90

300

weekly
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

(standard)

and
under
110

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

,

and

99
85

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 6 .0 0

$
$
$
1 8 4 .5 0 1 7 4 . 5 0 - 1 9 4 . 5 0
1 8 6 .5 0 1 7 8 . 0 0 - 1 9 7 . 5 0

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

2 34
164
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0

1 6 4 . 0C 1 4 6 . 5 0 - 1 7 7 . 5 0
1 7 1 .0 0 1 5 2 . 0 0 - 1 8 1 . 0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 1 4 0 . 5 0 - 1 6 4 . 0 0

8
-

8

16
7
9

COMPUTER PRUGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

2 59
2 29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 9 .5 0
2 3 6 .5 0

2 3 6 .5 0
2 3 5 .5 0

COMPUTER PRUGRAMERS.
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

11 7
99

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 0 5 .5 0
1 8 3 .0 0 -2 0 7 .5 0

-

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

106
103

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 8 .5 0
2 9 8 .0 0

2 9 3 .0 0
2 9 1 .5 0

154
142

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 5 .5 0
2 5 4 .5 0

2 5 3 .5 0
2 5 2 .5 0

2 3 3 .5 0 -2 7 5 .5 0
2 3 3 .0 0 -2 7 5 .5 0

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

4 10
2 95
115

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 4 .0 0
2 0 2 .0 0
2 0 9 .5 0

2 0 4 .0 0
2 0 1 .5 0
2 0 9 .5 0

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 2 0 .5 0
1 8 8 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0
2 0 1 .5 0 -2 2 2 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

316
268
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 6 .5 0

1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 5 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 4 .5 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0
1 6 0 .0 0 -1 7 4 .0 0

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

219
159
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

2
1

25
14

82
72

1

11

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -------------------

33

1 2 1 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0

15

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

56
46

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 2 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

2 10

2 20

20
19

2 7 3 .0 0 -3 0 7 .0 0
2 7 2 .5 0 -3 0 7 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

200

2 30

240

-

-

250

260

2 70

28C

2 90

300 o v e r

2 2 5 .5 0 -2 4 8 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0 -2 4 6 .5 0

d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




o
o

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

190

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

5
3

8
6

24
16

28
27

14
14

48
30
18

32
20
12

38
20
18

41
38
3

50
48
2

1
l

-

7
7

13
4

9
9

21
20

26
21

“

23
20

8
8

“

2
2

3
3

i
1

4
4

-

-

-

“

“

6
6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
9

68
55
13

93
55
38

56
56

14

1

11

i

28
26
2

52
45

29
17
12

40

44

33

85

42
2

23

68

10

17

38
31
7

34

26
15

11

11

6
3
3

9

7

13
12

16
10

13
13

16
16

7
7

49
* 46

7

7

6

15
15

11
11

21
20

29
27

14
14

12
8

13
13

7
7

14
11

48
31
17

80
56
24

23
9
14

6
6

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2

7
7

5
5

6

23

10

6
6

4
4

9
9
“

19
-

i
i

6
6

2
2
"

19

4
4

-

1
1

_

1

3
3

-

1
1

: $ 320 to $ 3 3 0 ;

10 at $ 33 0 to $ 3 4 0 ;

33

7

6

12 at $ 3 4 0 to $350i; and 6 at $ 35 0 and o v e r .

-

9
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , professional, and tech n ical o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en com bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g u st 1970)
Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

38

O

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------

$
13 1.50

30

4 0 .0

1 1 2.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A - MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

416

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

13 8.50
139.00
137.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

675
311
364

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9.00
11 1.50
10 7.00

CLASS A ----------------

39

3 9 .5

203
124

39 .5
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
10 5.00

79

39 .5

139

4 0 .0

30

4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

208
98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

14 5.00
1 2 7.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

153
119

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

12 6.00
12 3.00

Number
of

(standard)

CONTINUED

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
$
1 4 4 . CO
1 4 5 . 5 0 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------139.00

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2,368
1 ,6 9 0
678

40.0
40.0
40.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

80
56

40.0
40.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

399
322
77

40.0
40.0
40.0

1 7 0 . 0 0 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------1 7 8 . CO
NONMANUFACTURING --------------164.00
1 6 7 . 5 0 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A 151.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

868
606
262

40.0
40.0
40.0

142.50
141.50
144.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING ------

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1,021
706
315

40.0
40.0
40.0

135.00
136.50
131.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C MANUFACTURING ------

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

332
264
68

40.0
40.0
40.0

116.00
118.50
105.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

621
541
80

40.0
40.0
40.0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

92
54
38

Weekly
hour, 1
(standard)

Weekly
earning, 1
(standard)

4 0.0
4 0.0

184.00
186.00

181
79

40.0
40.9
40.0

160.00
165.00
148.50

299

40.0

2 3 7.50

133

112

40.0
40.0

194.50
196.50

39
32

40.0
40.0

168.50
171.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

108
105

4 0 .C
4 0 .0

2 9 8.50
2 9 8.00

141.00
142.00
134.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

157
145

4 0.0
4 0.0

254.50
253.50

40.0
40.0
40.0

121.50
127.00
113.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

431
316
115

40.0
40.0
40.0

203.50
201.00
209.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

321
273
48

40.0
40.0
40.0

167.50
168.00
166.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ■
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

248
167
81

39.5
40.0
38.5

133.00
130.50
137.00

54
28

4 0.0
40.0

115.50
1 2 0 . CO

56
46

4 0.0
40.0

173.50
173.50

103

87
260

12 5.50

34

-

Weekly

8 2 .5 0

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

age

Weekly

12 0.50

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

Number
of

standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

O
*

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------

Ave

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

CLERKS,

FIL E,

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

280
136

73

4 0 .0

1 2 7.00

47

4 0 .0

13 3.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

102
89

40.0
40.0

102.00
99.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------

419
252
167
34

39 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 9.00
131.00
126.50
15 5.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS—
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

195
110
85

40.0
40.0
40.0

109.50
110.50
108.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

372
160
212

39 .5
40. C
3 9 .5

1 0 9.50
12 0.00
1 0 2.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

463
410
53

40.0
40.0
39.0

134.50
1 3 7 . 5 0 DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS
113.00
MANUFACTURING

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

60
41

9 9 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

408
268
140

39.5
40.0
39.0

1 0 5 . 0 0 NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! ----109.00
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------97.00

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b les.




3 9 .5
4 0 .0

10
T a b le A -4 .

M ain ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t o ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g u st 1970)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings^

$

s

s

3 -4 0
U n der
t
and
3 .4 0 u nd er

3 .5 0

3 .5 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

s

$

$

3 -6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

_

_

_

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

_

s

s

_

_

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

_

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

99
93

$
4.72
4.72

$
4.77
4.78

$
4 .6 7 4 .6 9 -

$
4.85
4.85

-

“

*

2
2

-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

296

4.80

5.03

-

-

-

_

4

4.80

4.86
4.85

4 .5 8 -

277

4 .5 8 -

5.02

-

~

*

*

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

118

4.51
4.45

4.49
4.46

4 .3 6 -

4.77

-

_

-

_

_

4 .3 2 -

4.75

*

“

*

4

21
21

-

_

24
24

5

-

-

-

-

“

“

$

s

$

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

_

_

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

_

_

$

s

4 .5 0
_

$

_

_

s

4 .7 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

_

*

f

t

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

t

5 .6 0

$

5 .8 0

*

6 .0 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

over

_

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

10
10

2
2

7
4

32
29

34
34

6
6

-

s

4 .1 0
_

3 .9 0 4 .0 0

102

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

61
61

3.60
3.60

3.72
3.72

3 .4 5 3 .4 5 -

3.7 9
3.79

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

82
82

4.88
4.88

4.89
4.89

4 .8 3 4 .8 3 -

5.05
5.05

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

178
178

4.68
4.68

4.77
4.77

4 .3 9 4 .3 9 -

4 .8 8
4 .8 8

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------------

247
163
84
73

4
4
4
4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

620
617

4.49
4.49

4.47
4.47

4 .4 1 4 .4 1 -

4 .6 8
4 .6 7

OILERS ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

67
67

3.73
3.73

3.7 5
3.7 5

3 .4 9 3 .4 9 -

3.89
3.89

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

37
36

4.59
4.58

4.49
4.49

4 .4 3 4 .4 2 -

4 .8 3
4.82

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

219
219

5.58
5.58

5.60
5.60

5 .5 1 5 .5 1 -

5.69
5.69

“
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

2
-

3
1
2
2

4
4
4
_

5
5

2
2

15
15

8
8

36
36

11
11

9
9

8
8

95
95

14
14

81
66

6
6

7
7

-

18
18

1
1

-

12
12

26
26

-

_

38
35

1
1

15
5

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

2
2

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

36
36

-

36
36

_

_

~

-

1
1

8
8

37
37

21
21

4
4

11
11

9
9

51
51

11
11

17
17

5
5

2
2

28
28
-

24
24

7
7
-

14

16
16
-

16

23
23
-

“

41
31
10
10

33
33

13
13

292
292

2
2

3
3

14
14

-

“

5

4

_
“

”

_

-

-

i
i

5
5

1
1

”

“

1
1

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




5
2
3
0

4.7
4.5
5.0
5.0

6
7
3
3

4
4
4
4

.4
.4
.7
.6

5
2
3
0

-

5
5
5
5

.0
.0
.0
.0

8
6
9
9

—
—

~

-

-

-

“
—
—

~

2
2

*

19
19

-

-

*

~

-

_

-

1
1
-

”

-

3
3
“

“

22
22

16
16

29
29

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

“

_

_

_
“

-

~

”

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

3
3

14
14

-

-

-

“
-

29
29

"

“

_

-

“

68
65

56
56

4
4

8
8

10
10

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

9
9

_

i

1
1

-

-

_

-

“

~

“

*

-

_

_

_

31
31

3
3

69
69

77
77

12
12

23
23

'

‘

~

3
11
11

33
33

36
36

-

-

16
16

“

“

2

1
1

-

63
24
39
28

'

.7
.7
.8
.8

2
2
-

-

■

'

_

-

-

“

4
4

11
T a b le A -5 .

C ustodial and m aterial m o vem en t occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g u st 1970)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f

Hourly earnings3
i

i

of
workers

t

2.4 0 2 .6 0

I

1 .6 0
Mean 2

M edian2

1.7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.0 0

2 .2 0

1 .7 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

1 .B 0

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2.2 0

2.4 0

2.6 0

114

12
8
4

S

S

I

(

(

I

I

(

2.8 0

3.0 0

3.2 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3.8 0

4.0 0

4 .2 0 4 .4 0

(

t

(

S

t

i

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5.0 0

5 .2 0

5 . 4 r 5.6 0

s

4 .8 0

5.0 0

5.2 0

5 .4 0

5.6 0

5 .8 0

Middle range 2

2.8 0

3.0 0

3.2 0

3 .4 0

5
5

_

-

19
19

41
30
11

56
26
30

3.6 0

3.8 0

4.0 0

4.2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

3
1
2

8
8

176
176

19
19

5
5

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

M
EN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1 ,0 1 2
294
718

$
2.4 0
3 .6 6
1 .8 8

$
1 .8 8
3.9 2
1.7 8

$
1 .7 3 3 .2 8 1 .7 0 -

$
3.2 8
3.9 7
1.9 4

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1,377
775
602

3 .0 5
3 .1 9
2 .8 7

2 .9 3
3 .1 7
2 .8 6

2 .8 4 2 .9 4 2 .8 2 -

3 .2 5
3 .5 5
2.8 9

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

292
201
91

3 .2 0
3.1 3
3 .3 7

3.1 7
3.1 7
3.21

2 .6 1 2 .3 8 3 .0 2 -

3 .6 4
3 .6 6
3 .6 3

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

247
159

3.5 8
3 .4 2

3 .7 4
3.1 9

3 .1 7 3 .1 4 -

3 .8 7
3.8 4

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

73
73

3 .2 0
3 .2 0

3.2 4
3 .2 4

3 .0 3 3 .0 3 -

3 .4 5
3.4 5

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

128
99
29

3 .7 0
3.6 8
3 .7 7

3.8 3
3.8 2
3 .9 3

3 .7 2 3 .7 1 3 .7 3 -

3 .8 8
3 .8 7
4 .0 8

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------

41

3.8 5

3.8 4

3 .7 2 -

3 .9 9

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

122
105

3 .5 8
3.5 9

3 .5 6
3 .4 9

3 .2 4 3 .2 5 -

4 .0 4
4.0 5

-

*

TRUCKDRIVERS
------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------

1 ,2 9 0
578
712
572

4 .7 5
4 .8 8
4.6 5
4.7 6

4 .7 5
4.8 3
4 .7 4
4.7 5

4 .6 7 4 .6 3 4 .7 1 4 .7 2 -

4 .8 3
5.4 5
4.7 8
4.7 8

8

9
8
1
1

185

223

121

23

-

-

-

-

-

185

2 23

121

23

114

_

_

_

_

4

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

33
8
25

103
71
32

681
215
4 66

1 85
125
60

109
99
10

99
97
2

161
159
2

45
43
2

11
3
8

5
5
~

9
5
4

70
41
29

23
14
9

35
21
14

42
38
4

-

-

-

"

4

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

“

17
15
2

-

_

-

-

-

16
16

16

-

-

-

-

3

”

”

~

16

~

“

12

3
3

3

20
20
20
12

5

-

8

-

7
1

2
2

-

1
1
-

-

-

_

-

_

15
15

21
21
10
6
4
4

5
4
1
1

1
1

-

-

3

-

106
40
66
20

659
136
523
482

206
142
64
64

-

83
29

3.3 5
3.3 0

3.6 4
3 .4 8

3 .4 3 2 .2 9 -

3 .6 9
3.9 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

338
201

4.7 9
4.8 7

4 .7 9
4 .8 5

4 .7 0 4 .8 1 -

4 .8 7
5.3 1

52
10

101
10

106
106

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

445
162

4 .7 2
4.6 6

4 .7 4
4.6 6

4 .6 7 4 .6 0 -

4.7 9
4.7 5

54
30

302
95

66
14

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------------

214

5.2 7

5 .7 1

4 .7 4 -

5 .7 6

_

63

22

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

619
612

3 .6 8
3 .6 8

3 .6 3
3 .6 0

3 .4 8 3 .4 8 -

3.9 2
3.9 2

136
29
107

2.5 4
2.8 9
2 .4 4

2 .5 3
2.8 9
2.3 6

2 .2 9 2 .7 3 2 .2 4 -

2 .8 6
3.1 3
2.8 3

W
OMEN

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




9
8

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

>

-

*

28
28
-

36
36
-

120
120
-

28
28

24
24

_

_

12
12

_

_

_

_

10
10

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

8
-

1

4

33
33

1
1
-

-

12

-

_
-

-

270
269

209
209

52
52

-

-

12

Footnotes

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates
position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l D e s c r ip t io n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t it s fi e ld s t a ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t it l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t to e s t a b l is h m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n if i c a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fi e ld e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

F IL E
C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l is h e d f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic t y p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b il li n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il li n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l li o t t
F i she r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n ty p in g and a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a ll y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot be c o m p u t e d on the b il li n g m a c h in e ,
and t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly in v o l v e s
a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f the b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d is o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i sh e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f the a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u lt a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s , and u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m
and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s l i p s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g t o n R a n d , E l li o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s
tra n sa ctio n s.
C la s s . A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d i s t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o li d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b il li n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d i s t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d i s t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t , h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g on e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g t o on e p h a se
o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r ib u t io n ; and r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s and a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , and
c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; and m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y f i l l ou t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a lc u la t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COM PTOM ETER

OPERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b is n ot t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m in a t io n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s o n the s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s t o b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s i n f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r and
i n t e r p r e t s i n f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t t o d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M a y t r a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; and p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is j o b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g and b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t is fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




ORDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g the it e m s t o m a k e u p the o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; and d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

13

14
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T A R Y ---- C o n t in u e d

O P E R A T O R ---- C o n tin u e d

C la s s B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o l lo w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta t o b e p u n ch e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

BOY

OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m in o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a il , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a tu r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e and u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu sio n s
N ot a ll p o s it i o n s that a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n ot m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; ( c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in the d e f in i t io n ;
and (e ) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ic h in v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th ou g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d t o be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g le v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s

a ll ,

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
C la s s

a ll ,

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n ot e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , and r o u t e s the t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s , (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e b o a r d

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r ia l r e l a ­
t i o n s ) e t c . ) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




le v e l

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t

C la s s

e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r than
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STENO G RAPH ER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m on e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )

STENOGRAPHER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h and o r b y S te n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
cop y.
M a y a l s o s e t up and m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g f o l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n ot r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r in t e r r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

15
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la s s C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s and s o m e fi li n g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l la t in g ru n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E

GENERAL

OPERATOR

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r ie t y o f ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f ic u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a ll y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g and s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s and o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g -m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k and p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s and m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e but s m a ll ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r and m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s and s t u d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a in in g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y and
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o
h and o r b y S te n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r ,

r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s le g a l
t a k e s d i c t a t io n in s h o r t ­
g e n e r a l.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r t o m a k e out b i l l s a ft e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h e n it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t and t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; and s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PUTER O PERATO R

COM PU TER PROGRAM ER,

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i li a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : A p p l ie s k n o w le d g e
o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
in v o l v e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d fl o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter

o p era tors

a re

c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t im e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t i d e n t if ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n «
p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l is h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s l i t t l e o r n o t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r ca n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b le t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly in v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .

B U SIN E SS

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p rogra m ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t io n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s fo l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t io n s a n d w it h fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s is t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a ta e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l is h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d t o a s s i s t .

16
COM PUTER PROGRAM ER,

B U SIN E SS— C o n t in u e d

CO M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST ,

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in pu t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iffic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r fa ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r

in s tr u c t lo w e r

le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

B U S IN E S S

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s t o f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t if ie s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , fi le s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t io n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k and
d a ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f
n ew a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy stem s

a n a ly s ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

d ir e c t io n

C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g ou t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s i n g le a c t iv i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

to lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s

a n a ly s ts w h o a r e a s s ig n e d

C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l is h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e the a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s ;
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a il s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a re le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

as fo llo w s ;

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f ou tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s an i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h t y p e is a u t o m a t i c a ll y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
and a p p r o p r ia t e f o l lo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c t io n a l
a s s is t.

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x da ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t io n and g u id a n c e
on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o in s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

DRAFTSM AN

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l ic a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l ic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
re q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y ST ,

B U SIN E SS— C o n t in u e d

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r in g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f the
da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .

to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e ou tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,

C o p i e s p la n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n . )
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

or

r e p e titiv e

d ra w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

17
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r ib u t io n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a llin g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r in t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls and m e a s u r i n g and
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s and m a in t a in s and m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M a y a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n on e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n is h th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s fu e l s to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fin e d t o s u p p ly in g , l i f t i n g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m il li n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n ­
n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u i r in g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n to
a c h i e v e r e q u i s it e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n t e r p r e t in g
w r i t t e n in s t r u c t io n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o li n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
and fit t in g and a s s e m b li n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a ll y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a in in g d n m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M a in t e n a n c e )

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a llin g




A U T O M O T IV E

(M a in t e n a n c e )---- C o n t in u e d

th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t in g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h it e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t le s a n d i n s t a l ls m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g and m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r
e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

grea se,

th e

m o v in g

p a rts

o r w e a r in g

s u r fa c e s

o f m e ch a n ica l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d fi x t u r e s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in ­
v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l ic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n is h o r b y p l a c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h it e le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a in i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b li n g
p ip e w it h c o u p lin g s a n d fa s t e n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g
t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r
fi n is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g and r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a ­
t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l li n g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
ou t a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g a ll a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

18
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

T O O L A N D D IE

h a n d t o o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , fi t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a l li n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie

m a k e r; jig

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fi x t u r e

m a k er; gage

m a k er)

C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , fi x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r sta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up and o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o li n g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f fi n is h e d t o o l s and d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit t in g and a s s e m b li n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

shop s

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie

m a k ers

in

t o o l and d ie j o b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

W ATCHM AN

G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k es rou n d s
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEAN ER

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

cle r k

T R U C K D R IV E R

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t and s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a il e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t ,

F IL L E R

(O rd e r

p ick e r;

stock

s e le c to r ; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
to fi l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (I V 2 t o and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a ile r type)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p on th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e t y p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t ify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d
g a s o lin e - c
e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s <iDout a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

(fo r k lift)
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

A v a ila b le O n RequestTh e f o llow in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t of 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w hile s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e fro n t c o v e r .

A bilene, Tex.
A laska
A lb a n y , Ga.
A lexan dria, La.
A l p e n a , S t a n d i s h , and T a w a s C i t y , M ich .
A m arillo , Tex.
Ann A r b o r , Mich.
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t l a n t i c C i ty , N . J .
A u g u s t a , G a .— . C .
S
Au stin, T ex.
B a k e r s f ie ld , Calif.
Baton Rouge, L a.
B i l l i n g s , Mont.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Conn.
C h arle sto n , S.C .
C h e y e n n e , Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n . , and H o p k i n s v i l l e , Ky.
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , C o lo .
C olum bia, S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a .— la .
A
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D othan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Minn.— is.
S
W
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a s o , Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D ak.—
M
Minn.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
Fitchburg— e o m in ste r, M a ss.
L
F o r t S m i t h , A r k .— k la.
O
F r e d e r i c k — a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
H
G r e a t F a l l s , Mont.
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s to n - S a l e m —
W
High P o in t , N .C .
H a rrisb u rg, Pa.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H u n t s v i l l e , A la .

C o p i e s of p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e

K n o x v i l l e , Ten n .
L ared o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L e x i n g t o n , Ky.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .- V a .
L y n c h b u r g , Va.
M acon, Ga.
M a d i s o n , W is.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u l t Ste. M a r i e , M ich
M erid ian , M is s .
M i d d l e s e x , M onm outh , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s., N .J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F l a .
M o n t g o m e r y , A la.
N a s h v i l l e , Tenn.
New L ondon— r o t o n — o r w ic h , Conn.
G
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M ain e
O gden , Utah
O rlan do, F la .
O x nard — entura, C alif.
V
P a n a m a C ity , F l a .
P i n e B lu f f , A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N.H .— a in e — a s s .
M
M
P u e b l o , C olo.
R e n o , N ev.
S a c r a m e n to , C alif.
Salin a, K an s.
S a lin a s— o nterey, Calif.
M
S a n t a B a r b a r a , C a lif .
Sh reveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s . —
C
H
Conn.
S to c k to n , C a l i f .
T a c o m a , W ash.
Topeka, Kans.
T u cson, A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a l l e j o — a p a , C a lif .
N
W ic h ita F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in gton , D el.— . J .—
N
Md.

T h e tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n a l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B ul l et i n 1654, Nat io nal S u r v e y o f
P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 9 , 75 c e n t s a c o p y , f r o m t he S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 40 2 , o r any o f its r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .







Area W age

Surveys

A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1970--------------------------------------------------Albany- Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Feb. 1970__________
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1970*___________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.-N .J., May 197 0 1
—
Atlanta, Ga., May 1970*_______________________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1969_____________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthui—
Orange, Tex., May 1970------Binghamton, N.Y., July 1970__________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1970_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1969 __________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 19701_____________________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1969 .........................................................
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1970_____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1970 1----------------------------------------------Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1970 1----------------------------------Charlotte, N.C., Mar. 19701 __________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1970 1--------------------------Chicago, 111., June 1970------------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1970_________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969------------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969_____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1969________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1969 1_____________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969-----------------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969 1_____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970 1 ________________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1970_____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1969-__________________________
Green Bay, Wis., July 19701---------------------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1970.......................................... .........
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1970----------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969___________________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1970_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1969_________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1969___________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1970 1----------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1970 1____
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1970____________________
Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1970 1__- _________________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1970 1-------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.-Ark., Nov. 1969 1 -----------------------------Miami, Fla., Nov. 1969________________________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1970 1 -----------------------Milwaukee, Wis., May 19701__________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1970 1 --------------------

Bulletin number
and price
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660- 11,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1685-1 1,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1685-10,
1660-90,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
50cents
45cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
40cents
35cents
60cents
35cents
40cents
30cents
35cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685- 1,

35cents
30cents
40cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
35cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45cents
40cents
35cents
35cents
40cents
30cents
35cents
50cents
50cents

D ata on esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and sup plem entary w a g e provisions arc also presented.




Area
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 1970 1_____
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , Ja n. 1 9 7 0 1______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n. 1970 1_____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n. 1 9 7 0 _______________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1970 1----------------------------------------------N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1970 1 ________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 1969 ___________________________
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , Ju n e 1970 1___________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1969 1 ______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n. 1 9 7 0 1________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1969 1 ______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1970 1______________________
P r o v i d e n e e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 1__________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s onl y),
A u g . 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 7 0 * .............................................................
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
Sal t L a k e C i t y , Ut ah, N o v . 1969 1-------------------------------------S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 _______________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
O
D e c . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1969 1 _____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1969 1------------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1970 1--------------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1970 1___________________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n. 1 9 7 0 ________________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , Sept . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I nd. , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1970 1 _______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 70--------------------------------------------------T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1969 1 _______________
T o l e d o , O h i c m M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1969 1_________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , J a n. 1 9 7 0 __________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1970 1 ________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1_______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1969 1_________________

Bulletin number
and price
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
75 c e n t s

1660-59,
1685-5,
1 6 6 0 - 12,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35 c e n t s
30c e n t s
30 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1660-72,
1685-12,
1660-65,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1 6 8 5 - 1 3,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1 6 6 0 - 14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

OFF ICIAL BUSINESS
POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

P E N A L T Y F O R P R IV A T E U S E , $ 3 0 0




I--------------------------------------------

1

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102