View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

_ A WAGE SURVEY
T h e U tic a —R o m e, N e w Y o rk , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
Ju ly 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

1 6 8 5 -9

U.S. D EPA RTM ENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics




BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.,
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e U tic a —R o m e, N e w Y o rk , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
J u ly 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

1 6 8 5 -9

November 1970
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 30 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t i n p r e s e n t s the s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l
o f the in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e ti n s f o r a round o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u l l e ti n s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s data f o r
eac h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s stu d ie d into one b u l l e t i n .
T h e s e co n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h ic h has b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data to r e l a t e to g e o ­
g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the U n ite d St ate s.
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s
is c o l l e c t e d an n u all y and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
su pplem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s bien n ia lly.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
U tic a—R o m e , N . Y . , in J u ly 1970, un der a c o n t r a c t w ith
the N e w Y o r k State D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r .
T h e Standard
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e fi n e d b y the B u re a u
o f the B u d ge t th ro u gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f H e r k i m e r
and O n e id a C o u n tie s .
T h i s study w a s c on du cted b y the
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , un der the
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f T h o m a s N. W akin , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
D ir e c t o r fo r O perations.




I n tr od u c tio n ________________________________________________________________________
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s _____________________________

1
4

T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r studied_______________________________________________________
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s ta n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p s f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________________________
O c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n ----------------------------------A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p a tio n s —m e n and
w o m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------—
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ---------------------------------------------A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a ti o n s —__________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r tab u la tion s a r e a v a i l a b l e
(S e e i n s id e b a c k c o v e r . )

f o r other

3

5

6
7

1

O vO 00

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ign e d to p r o v i d e data on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s stu died, f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ited St ate s.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the ne e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t into ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m on g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

12




In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con duct s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough
data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n i n g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data,
w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , data a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown
o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

T h i s b u l l e ti n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
oc c up atio ns r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r study. P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e sp o n d e n ts and to th o s e r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r t i n g unusual chan ges
s in c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule
in the g i v e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a t e s hifts .
N o n p r o d u c ti o n bonuses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y ho ur s
a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f hour) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
ings f o r t h e s e oc c u p a tio n s h a ve b e e n rounded to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e ob ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and ot h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e stu dies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tions and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
ha vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th ey te nd to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n s studied
to w a r r a n t i n c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e ta b ula tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e ach of
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a ti o n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d i v i d u a l o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e ch an ge s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n ge s in w a g e s and
em p loym ent patterns. F o r exam p le, p ro p ortion s of w o r k e r s e m p loyed
by h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c han ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s and b e r e p l a c e d b y new w o r k e r s at l o w e r ra te s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t c ould d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d uring the y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p s , shown in ta b le 2, a r e b e t t e r
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s than i n d i v i d u a l jo b s w i th i n the g ro u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is studied. In c o m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu died a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th os e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e studied.
O c c u p atio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a ti o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s et o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take ac coun t o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s a m e job.
T h e oc c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the appendix. T h e e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p atio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in oc c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
1

In clu ded in the 90 areas are fou r studies con du cted under c o n tra ct w ith the N e w Y o r k

D ep a rtm en t o f Labor.

Th ese areas are Bingham ton (N e w Y o r k p ortion o n ly ); R och ester ( o f f i c e o c c u ­

pations o n ly ); Syracuse; and U t ic a — R o m e .

In a d d itio n , the Bureau conducts m ore lim it e d area studies

in 77 areas at the request o f the W a g e and H our D iv is io n o f the U. S. D ep a rtm e n t o f Labor.




The a v e ra ge s p resented r e fle c t com p osite, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s tr i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and job
s ta ffin g and, thus, c o n trib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h job.
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta inab le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m on g jo b s in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sho uld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n ­
t r ib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the actu al
State
r a t e s p aid in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c duties
p e r f o r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used in c l a s s i f y i n g

1

2
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose
u s e d in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e am on g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta ined f r o m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n l y to in d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s stu died.
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u l a ti o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u lle tin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r th e s e ta b ula tion s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y .
T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s ;
p aid h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; and h e alth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
plans a r e p r e s e n t e d ( in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e ti n s f o r
this a r e a .

3

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w o rk e rs w ithin scope of survey and n um ber studied in U tic a —R o m e, N .V .,1

by m a jo r ind ustry d ivision ,2 July 1 9 7 0
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in scope*
o f stu d y

In d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

A l l d i v i s i o n s -------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ied

S tu d ie d
Num be r

P e r c ent

163

63

50, 511

100

3 6 ,5 2 4

50

98
65

35
28

3 8 ,4 7 4
12, 037

76
24

2 9 ,0 4 7
7, 477

50
50
50
50
50

13
6
27
8
11

7
3
7
4
7

3, 177
451
4 , 108
2, 930
1, 371

6
1
8
6
3

2, 845
252
1, 554
1 ,8 7 0
956

----------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------- ------- T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 - —
—
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 -------------------------------------- —
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ____________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 6 _____
-----------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

1 T h e U t ic a ^ R o m e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s is t s o f H e r k i m e r
an d O n e id a C o u n t ie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and
c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r
e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta
c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a r d In d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch
in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w it h in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ic a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
U t i c a 's
t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d a n d is e x c lu d e d b y d e f in it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y .
* T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b le s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en o u gh d a ta
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , an d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o t e ls an d m o t e l s ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, an d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ;
n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e U t ic a —R o m e
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s an d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r in g :
In d u s t r y g r o u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p lie s -------------------------------------- 19
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l - — 16
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s -------- 14
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ----------10
M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n f e r r o u s r o l l i n g and
d r a w i n g --------------------------------------12
C o m m u n ic a t io n e q u ip m e n t---------- 10
A i r c r a f t an d p a r t s --------------------- 9
O f f i c e an d c o m p u tin g
m a c h i n e s ---------------------------------- 8
R a d io and T V r e c e i v i n g
e q u ip m e n t —------------------------------ 8
J e w e l r y , s i l v e r w a r e , and
p la t e d w a r e ------------------------------ 6
M e t a lw o r k in g m a c h in e r y ----------- 6

F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ------- 5
H e a t h e r an d le a t h e r p r o d u c t s —
5

T h is i n f o r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y as s h o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s 1 and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
Th e-indexes
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d urin g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m the in d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e change in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the date o f
the in d e x.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the in d i c a te d d a te s .
An nual r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the amount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m onths when the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s was o t h e r than 12 m on th s . T h e s e c o m p u ta tio n s
w e r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a con stan t r a te
between su rve y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c han ge in a v e r ­
ages f o r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay
c h a n ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

shows the p e r c e n t a g e ch an ge .
T h e in d e x i s the p ro d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g
the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e f o r the next s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and con tin u in g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the
p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in d e x .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu sive of earn in gs fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h ifts .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
pations and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s within
e a c h g ro u p .
L im itation s

o f D ata

M e tho d o f C om p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e ,
as m e a s u r e s
of
c han ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n ge s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r ­
tions o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n ge s in the l a b o r f o r c e c an c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e s with ou t ac tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e xp an de d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , wages
m a y have r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stant, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p was a s s i g n e d a c o n st a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l group :
O ffice c lerica l (m en and women] ): O ffice clerica l (m en and w om en )—
ille d maintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
operators, class B
Ele ctricians
Secretaries
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Machinists
Stenographers, general
A and B
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerks, file , classes
Mechanics (au tom otive)
A , B, and C
Painters
A and B
Clerks, order
Pipefitters
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Clerks, payroll
class B
To ol and die makers
Com ptom eter operators
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (m en):
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
O ffice boys and girls
Laborers, m aterial handling

The
p l i e d b y the
in the g r o u p
w e re related
gate f o r the

T h e u s e o f c o n st a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c han ges
in a v e r a g e p ay f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n ge s in sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r by p r e m i u m pay
for o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e ad justed to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h an ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a ti o n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a ti o n a l w e i g h t, and the p ro d u c ts f o r a l l oc c u p a tio n s
w e r e to t a l e d .
The a g gre ga te s fo r 2 con secu tive y ea rs
b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a rlier year.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,

1 Indexes o f earnings referred to in this standard text are published for most areas but not in
U tica— Rome because the area was not surveyed in the base year o f the index series.




4




5

T a b le 2. P e rc e n ts o f increase in stand ard w e e k ly sa laries and s traig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in g s
Tor s e lecte d occupational groups in U tic a —R o m e, N.Y., fo r se le c te d periods

P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en )

In d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w o m en )

S k ille d
m a in te n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

A l l in d u s t r ie s
J u ly 1969 t o J u ly 197 0______________________________________
J u ly 1968 to J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------------

8.3
6.7

7.8
5.6

5.4
6.2

8.9
6.8

5.1
6.4

10.2
7.1

M a n u fa c tu r in g
J u ly 1969 to J u ly 197 0------------------------------------------------J u ly 1968 to J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------------

8.0
6.1

7.4
5.6

6

A.

O ccupational earnings

T a b le A -1.

O ffic e o cc u p atio n s —men and w o m en

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , U tica—
Rom e, N. Y . , July 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
S ex, occupation, and in du stry d ivisio n

Num
ber
of
w
oikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
*
65

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

S

%

70

S

t
75

80

*
85

t
90

t
95

t
100

S
105

*
110

t

t

s

115

120

125

t
130

*
135

S

$
140

145

*

t
150

160

s

170

and
under
70

180
and

75

80

86

90

95

100

105

110

115

12C

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

2

125

9

6

6

2

3

-

3
2
1

180 over

5
5

HEN
30

39.5

$
$
$
$
138.00 137.00 1 3 2 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

72
46
26

39.5
40 .0
39 .0

119.00 115.00 1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
121.50 117.00 1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
115.00 114.00 1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

129
81
48

39.5
40.0
38.5

101.00
106.00
92.00

99.00
106.50
92.00

8 8 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

-

10

-

A

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ---------------

28

39.5

89.00

87.00

7 9 .0 0 - 94 .5 0

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

119
117

39.0
39.0

76.50
76.50

75.50
75.50

7 2 .0 0 - 79.50
7 2 .0 0 - 79.50

12
12

CLERKS, OROER ------------------------

25

39.0

84.00

79.00

7 3 .5 0 - 87.50

-

9

5

5

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

90
76

39.5
40 .0

101.50 100.50
102.00 102.50

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

-

2
2

6
4

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

66
59

40 .0
4 0 .0

104.00
105.00

103.00
104.00

9 7 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

122
65
57

39.5
40 .0
39.5

93.00
95.00
90.00

92.00
96.00
89.00

8 5 .0 0 - 99.00
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 - 96.00

-

1

-

-

15
11
4

SECRETARIES -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

380
301
79

39.5
40 .0
39.0

124.50 122.50
124.50 123.50
124.00 115.50

111.0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

75
36
39

39.5
4 0 .0
39.0

123.50 120.00 1 0 2 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0
13 4 .CO 142.00 1 1 7 .0 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
114.00 112.00 1 C 1.5 0 -126.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

108
89

39.5
39.5

129.00 129.00
130.50 130.00

116.5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0C

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

181
167

40 .0
40.0

120.00
117.50

120.00
119.50

110.5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

175
109

40 .0
40 .0

102.50
104.50

101.50
105.50

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------

175

40.0

111.50 109.50

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ---------------------

57
49

39.0
39.0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A

2

-

-

WOMEN

See footn otes at end o f tables.




95.00
97.50

94.50
97.00

~

2
2
“

3
1
2

2
1
1

7
7
-

1
1
“

11
8
3

11
2
9

6
A
2

7
3
A

2
1
1

3
1
2

6
6
"

2
2
-

1
1

11
3
8

4
1
3

13
9
4

20
10
10

9
5

8
6
2

4
3
1

7
4
3

18
17
1

6
4
2

7
7
-

1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

A

10
7
3

-

6

-

2

7

3

7

3

2

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

43
42

39
38

20
20

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

13
7

5
5

14
13

5
5

6
5

12
12

8
8

2
2

1
1

9
7

3
3

-

4
2

-

-

1
“

2
“

8
6

13
13

15
14

11
11

5

A

9
9

1
1

1
1

14
2
12

25
10
15

16
6
10

26
16
10

7
6
1

8
7
1

3
2
1

1
1
-

5

_

1

_

-

_

_

4
1

“

1

“

*

5
5

7
6
1

13
11
2

16
7
9

20
8
12

25

43
33
10

39
30
9

44
42
2

44
37
7

28
26
2

28
26
2

12
n

11
11
“

18
14

11
7

A

A

5

2
2

5

7
7

3
3

5

7
3

2

5

-

5

A

2

6
6

1
1
-

7
5
2

4
1

2
2
-

6
6
"

5
“

3
2
1

9

-

“

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

A
i

i

5

*

_
-

“

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

5

_

-

-

-

"

5
5

3
1

4
1

3
2

10
6

8
4

7
7

19
19

11
10

11
11

4
A

9

10
8

1
1

-

1
1

2
2

6
6

8
6

9
7

18
18

28
27

19
19

35
35

18
18

16
15

10
10

3
3

-

-

4

A

-

-

20
2

7
6

42
19

27
17

22
17

17
17

12
12

6
4

2
2

5
-

_

_

“

*
12
6
6

-

_

4
4

20
5

“

_

A
i
3
_
-

3
1
_

_

-

_

_

-

3
3

4
4

5
3

-

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

IB

35

30

24

21

17

5

5

4

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5
2

11
11

3
3

8
7

6
5

2
2

12
12

2
2

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

7
T a b le A -1 .

O ffic e occu p atio n s—men and w o m e n -----C o ntin u ed

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n , U tica— o m e, N. Y . , July 1970)
R
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
oikers

Average
weekly
h rs 1
ou
(standard)

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight -tim e weekly earnings of—
(

$
65

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

*

$
75

70

s
80

*
85

*

$
95

90

$

t
105

100

$
110

$
115

*
120

s
125

t
130

$
135

$

A
145

140

l
150

t
160

170

and
under
75

80

85

90

1

4

3

5

3

-

70

IRC
and

95

100

105

110

115

_

3
2

5
5

13
12

13
13

1

1

1

3

1

16
16

16
16

1
1

-

“

2
1

33
8

37
8

24
10

31
21

11
11

9
8

2
1

4
4

150

16C

2

1

~

*

6
4

125

145

1

-

180 over

2
2

120

-

130

135

140

170

WUHEN - CONTINUED
TRAN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------

26

39.0

$
100.00

$
96.00

$
$
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------MA NUFACTURING ----------------

76
70

40.0
40.0

102.00 101.50
100.50 101.00

9 4 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------MA NUFACTURING ----------------

195
87

39.5
40.0

89.50
94.00

88.00
96.00

8 1 .0 0 - 97.00
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

~

“

_

8
4

34
10

~

See footnotes at end of tables.

T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and tec h n ica l o cc u p atio n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea ba sis by industry division, Utica—
Rom e, N . Y. , July 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num
ber
of
w
oikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber of w orker s receiving straight-tim e weekly ea rnings of—
*

t

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

Under 105
*
and
105 under

110

110

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

s

115

115

S

120

$

*

125

130

$
135

»
140

S

145

t

t

150

155

$
160

$
165

s
170

»
175

t
180

*
185

190
and

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

1

2
2

5
5

6
6

2
2

19
19

2
2

10
10

10
10

8
8

4
4

-

4
4

_

-

“

2
2

2
1

3

19C over

MEN
ORAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFA CT UR IN G —

53
53

40.0
40.0

$
$
$
$
174.50 173.00 1 6 4 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
174.50 173.00 1 6 4 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G —

68
67

40.0
40.0

143.00
142.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

25
25

40.0 122.50 122.50 1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
40.0 122.50 122.50 1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

45
43

40.0
40.0

142.00 1 3 5 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0
142.00 1 3 5 .0 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

1
_

_

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

7
7

6
6

4
4

12
12

13
13

11
11

4
4

i
i

2
2

4
4

3
3

9
9

12
12

3

2

6
6

2
2

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

S ee footn otes at end o f tables




131.50
131.00

128.50
128.00

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

3

1
-

2
2

4
4

-

-

“

8
T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , professional, and tec h n ica l o ccu p atio n s—m en and w o m en com bined

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an are a ba sis by industry division, Utica^Rome, N .Y ., July 1970)
Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
worken

W
eekly
W
eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

3 9 .5

102

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

56
46
150
90
60

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B

28

3 9 .5

8 9 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NO NM ANUFACTURING ~

119
117

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -MANUFACTURING

45
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ■
MANUFACTURING

92
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH UPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

73
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0




123
66
57

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS ---------------

29

3 8 .0

7 7 .5 0

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

SECRETARIES --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING -----------------

380
301
79

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING -----------------

75
36
39

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

108
89

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

181
167

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

176
109
67
175

SWITCHBOARD OPERATUR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ---------------------

57
49

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------

26

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

82
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

195
87

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

58
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 3 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

77
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

28
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! --MANUFACTURING ---------------------

45
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

o
o

See footnotes at end of tables.

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM ANUFACTURING --------

25

$
8 9 .5 0

Number
of
woiken

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ------------------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

1 1 1 .5 0

9
T a b le A -4 .

M ain ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t occupations

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n , U tica—R om e, N. Y . , July 1970)
Hourly earnings3
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Num ber of w ork ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

1
Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

l

t

Under 2.50 2 .6 0
S
and
2.50
2.60

2.70

-

t

t

2.70 2.80

-

(

$

2.9 0 3.00

2.80 2 .9 0 3.00 3.10

$

r

3.20

i

3.3 0

3.10 3.20

3.40 3.50 3.6 0 3.7 0

i

3.30 3.40 3.5 0

$

i

5

5

«

3.80 3.90

$

l

i

4.0 0 4.10

i

i

4.20 4.30 4 .4 0

i

4.5 0 4.60

3.60 3.70 3.80 3 .9 0 4.0 0 4.1 0 4.2 0 4 .3 0 4 .4 0 4.50 4.6 0

over

MEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

31
29

$
3.62
3.63

$
3.62
3.64

$
$
3 .4 3 - 3.78
3 .4 2 - 3.79

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

136
133

3.76
3.75

3.77
3.76

3 .6 2 - 4.03
3 .6 2 - 4.02

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

42
34

3.77
3.65

3.66
3.59

3 .4 7 - 4.0 3
3 .4 5 - 3.83

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

40
36

2.88
2.8 9

2.89
2.89

2 .6 5 - 3.17
2 .6 6 - 3.16

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

68
68

3.68
3.68

3.67
3.67

3 .5 5 - 3.90
3 .5 5 - 3.90

3.80
3.80

3.79
3.79

3 .6 4 - 4.0 6
3 .6 4 - 4.06

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

m
m

-

-

-

~

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

3
3

5
3

5
5

5
5

2
2

-

4
4

1
1

7
7

4
4

10
10

1
1

28
28

17
17

3
3

-

2
2

8
8

5
5

6
6

15
15

_

_

2

"

2
2

_

-

_

i
i

_

_

-

-

9
9

12
12

_

3
3

2
2

2
2

7
7

3
3

4
4

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

2
2

_

5
3

_

_

_

_

“

4
4

_

”

“

“

~

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

7
7

13
13

35
35

3
"

4
4

2
2

2
“

4
4

i
1

2
“

3
3

19
19

3
3

8
8

.

6
6

-

18
18

17
17

n
ii

2
2

27
27

3
3

-

“

-

”

l
1
-

-

-

”

”
4

-

“

-

-

“

~

10
10

-

-

“

-

12
12

-

-

-

‘

'

”

"

“

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------

41

3.9 9

4.13

3 .3 6 - 4.55

-

-

-

-

-

6

1

-

6

-

-

-

1

i

-

4

8

-

-

-

10

4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

127
119

3.65
3.67

3.67
3.68

3 .6 0 - 3.89
3 .6 1 - 3.89

-

_

-

i
-

2

7
6

8
8

-

8
8

3
3

1
1

46
45

14
14

7
5

7
7

22
22

i
“

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

“

-

”

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

43
43

3.59
3.59

3.63
3.63

3 .4 2 3 .4 2 -

3.75
3.75

10
10

-

5
5

4
4

12
1?

4
4

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

OILERS --------------------------------

27
27

3.22
3.22

3.32
3.32

3 .0 8 3 .0 8 -

3.38
3.38

1
1

12
12

_

-

-

3
3

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

54
54

3.79
3.79

3.77
3.77

3 .6 3 - 4.0 3
3 .6 3 - 4.C3

1
1

-

7
7

i
1

15
15

5
5

4
4

4
4

17
17

-

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

315
315

3.92
3.92

3.99
3.99

3 .6 9 - 4.2 3
3 .6 9 - 4.23

12
12

-

-

-

-

2
2

14
14

15
15

5
5

59
59

26
26

39
39

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




*

2

_

_

-

2

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

4
4

23
23

3
3

24
24

-

“

“

-

-

-

2
2

22
22

-

“

■
41
41

-

“

“

“

25
25

2
2

10
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d

m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n , U tica—R om e, N , Y . , July 1970)
H
ourly earnings^

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
*
1.8C

um
ber
S ex , occu pation , and in du stry d iv is io n

orkers

M 2 Median2
ean

Middle range 2

t
2.10

t
2.20

%

t
$
i
2.30 2.4 0 2.50 2.60

$
2.70

$
2.80

t
2.90

)
3.00

t
3.10

$
3.20

t
i
3.30 3.40

t
3.50

t

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40 2.50

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.60

3.80 4.0C 4.20

-

-

1
1

$
t
1.90 2.00

s
%
$
3.60 3.80 4.0C 4.2 0

$
4.40

and
under
1.90 2.00

2.60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.50

4 .4 0 4.60

HEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

209
191

$
2.60
2.64

$
2.76
2.81

$
2 .2 0 2 .4 6 -

$
2.98
2.99

20
20

7
5

14
14

12
~

3
1

3
3

8
8

12
12

17
17

14
14

37
37

14
14

38
38

9
7

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

135

2.8 5

2.88

2 .7 5 -

3.03

-

-

-

-

1

3

2

9

14

10

37

14

38

7

~

"

”

~

“

“

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

56

2.13

2.03

1 .8 7 -

2.46

20

5

14

-

-

-

6

3

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

JANITURS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING ---------------------

497
272

2 .4 2
2.74

2.45
2.67

1 .8 9 - 2.71
2 .5 7 - 2.93

138
14

8

37
6

11

31

11
10

24
22

25
23

85
83

31
29

10
10

23
23

5

“

5
2

52
50

1
“

-

-

-

-

-

“

'

~

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

547
484
63

2.74
2.75
2.64

2.74
2.75
2.25

2 .4 1 - 2.96
2 .5 2 - 2.95
1 .9 5 - 3. 16

10
8
2

30
4
26

16
16

74
72
2

6
2
4

-

14
8
6

51
51

28
24
4

123
123
“

39
39

34
34
“

19
19

7
7

-

31
31
“

-

“

-

10
10
-

43
43
“

URDER

127

2.95

2.99

2 .7 5 -

FILLERS -----------------------

-

12
12

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

50

3

2

17

40

-

-

2

1

1

2

*

-

-

2
2

-

_

4
4

13
13

10
10

3
3

10
7

6
6

27
27

15
15

15
15

4
4

7
7

1
1

1
1

16
16

39
37

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

9
2

6
5

9
9

3
3

10
10

-

9
9

5
5

-

-

4

-

-

*

2
2

-

2
1

5
5

10
10

-

2
2

2
2

3
i

1
1

-

-

*

4
2

-

”

6

13
13
~

10
9
i

7
7
”

7

51
37
14

1
1

2
2

19
19

-

2

2
2
~

-

-

7

8
7
i

2

-

~

160
10
150

7

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

2
2

2
2

~

2
2

15
1

173
168

3. 17
3.17

3.08
3.08

2 .8 3 2 .8 5 -

3.68
3.67

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

59
45

2.98
2.9 7

2.97
3.02

2 .7 3 2 .8 3 -

3.24
3.24

1
1

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

31
26

3. 16
3.11

3.07
3.06

2 .9 8 2 .9 8 -

3.53
3.31

TRUCKDRIVERS
-----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING -----------------

323
133
190

3.7 8
3.17
4.2 1

4.09
3.21
4.51

3 .1 4 - 4.5 3
2 .7 6 - 3.43
4 .4 2 - 4.5 6

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------------

33

2.80

2.72

2 .4 6 -

2.86

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

40
26

2.7 7
2.50

2.88
2.37

2 .3 1 - 3.24
2 .2 6 - 2.8 6

“

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------

75

4 .0 9

4 .4 5

4 .0 3 -

4.54

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

258
258

3.05
3.05

3.09
3.09

2 .8 6 - 3.27
2 .8 6 - 3.27

101
31
70

2.1 5
2.32
2.0 8

1.98
2.43
1.90

1 .8 6 - 2.54
2 .0 5 - 2.63
1 .8 5 - 2.52

-

1
1

-

“

_

~

14
7
7

6
4
2

6

-

-

-

14

2

-

5

_

8
8

5
5

_

_

1
1
“

8
8
~

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

_

4
4

-

_

“

-

-

-

'

1
1

“

-

-

-

6

-

-

5

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

10
10

-

-

4
4

i
i

10
10

15
15

40
40

15
15

40
40

5
5

83
83

15
15

-

20
20

-

-

-

42
6
36

11

7
4
3

-

1
1

3
3

20
5
15

3
3

8
5
3

-

19

-

-

WOMEN




*

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

See footn otes at end o f tables

-

-

3. 14

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

“

-

11

5
4
1

1
1

2

42
-

-

1
1

F o o tn o te s

1 S tan d ard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u l a r an d/ o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k l y ho urs.
2 T h e m e a n is c om p u te d f o r e ach j o b b y t o ta lin g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s ig n a te s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the r a te shown; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te shown. T h e m i d d l e rang e is d e fin e d by
2 r a t e s o f p ay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the h i g h e r r a te .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late shifts .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

T h e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its f ie ld s ta ff in c la s s ify in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o ll t it le s and d iffe r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b con te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l con te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m th o s e in u se in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tr u c te d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; le a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; tr a in e e s ; and h a n d ica p p ed , p a r t - t im e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

F IL E

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s if ie d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , as f o llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E llio t t
F is h e r , B u rro u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a tio n ty p in g and a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
ra n d u m s , e tc . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n ts and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y not be co m p u te d on the b illin g m a c h in e ,
and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u to m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s
a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f the b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n don e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d stra n d , E llio t t
F is h e r , R e m in g to n R an d, e t c ., w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot h a ve t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f the a cc o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s im u lt a ­
neous e n tr y o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t i c a l co lu m n s and c o m p u te s , and u s u a lly p r in ts a u t o m a t ic a lly the
d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H IN E

O PERATO R

O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R an d, E l lio t t F is h e r , S u n d stran d , B u rro u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a sh R e g is t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the s tr u c tu r e o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m
u s e d . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s to be u sed in e a c h
ph ase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C la s s B. K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a ses o r s e c tio n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir in g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a cc o u n ts (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n d er b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l, e tc . M a y c h e c k o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e ts f o r the a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c co u n ta n t, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c tio n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b oo k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one phase
o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t 's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c tio n s . W o r k in v o lv e s p o s tin g and b a la n c in g s u b s id ia r y
le d g e r o r le d g e r s such as a cc o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g and c o d in g
in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; and r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t and e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a t io n s . M a y a s s is t in p r e p a r in g , a d ju s tin g , and
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d ir e c t c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .
C la s s B . U n d er s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s such
as p o s tin g s im p le jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs o r a cc o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n ts ; and p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l le d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta . T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n tin g and b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s but is fou nd in o f f ic e s in w h ich the m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s is a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




12

C la s s A . In an e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l such a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n ts , e tc . M a y a ls o f i l e th is m a t e r ia l. M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c le r k s .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d
c l e r i c a l ta s k s re q u jire d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e fi l i n g o f m a t e r ia l th at has a lr e a d y b e e n c la s s if ie d o r w h ich
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s if ic a t io n s y s t e m (e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l). A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e ­
q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, ph on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r ic e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
s h e e t lis t in g the it e m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r ic e s and q u a n titie s o f ite m s on o r d e r
sh e e t; and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to be f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d it
d e p a r tm e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d it r a tin g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o llo w up o r d e r s to s e e th at th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y data on the p a y r o ll
s h e e ts . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on t im e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s tin g c a lc u la te d d ata on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n such a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t im e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s du e. M a y m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s is t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up and d is t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y u se a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

CO M PTO M ETER

OPERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty is to o p e r a te a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a th e m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b is not to b e co n fu s e d w ith th at o f s t a t is t ic a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c le r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
qu en t u se o f a C o m p t o m e t e r but, in w h ic h , u se o f th is m a c h in e is in c id e n ta l to p e r fo r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH

O PERATO R

C la s s A . O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k eyp u n ch m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r ib e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to keyp u n ch ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
ta s k s a s lo w e r l e v e l k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r but, in a d d itio n , w o r k r e q u ir e s a p p lic a t io n o f c o d in g
s k ills and the m a k in g o f s o m e d e te r m in a t io n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a t e s on the s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
the ite m s to be punched; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts ; and s e a r c h e s f o r and
in t e r p r e t s in fo r m a tio n on the d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a t io n to be p u n ch ed.
M a y tr a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

13
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

C la s s B.
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r f o llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s ,
t r a n s c r ib e s data f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to punched c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k eyp u n ch m a c h in e to k eyp u n ch ta b u la tin g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts , fo llo w s s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h ave
b e e n co d e d o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f data to be punched. P r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in fo r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, fa c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f a la r g e and im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g as m a n y as s e v e r a l
h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

BOY

OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s such a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in es such as s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s , op en in g and d is tr ib u tin g m a il, and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t iv it ie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d en tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , and ro u te s the te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b lis h e s , m a in ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v is o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in ta in s
the s u p e r v is o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts as in s tr u c te d ; (d ) r e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o rd in a te s ; (e ) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e rs
fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's s ig n a tu re to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; and ( f ) p e r fo r m s
s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .
M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e ro u tin e and u n d e rs ta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N o t a ll p o s itio n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e a s f o llo w s : (a ) P o s it io n s w h ich d o not m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ; (b ) s te n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
typ e d u tie s ; (c ) s te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g as o f f ic e a s s is ta n ts to a g ro u p o f p r o fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich the d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;
and (e ) a s s is ta n t typ e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u sed in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th ose o f f i c i a l s w ho h a ve a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n t ify such p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e s id e n ts w h o se p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s (e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l loa n o r c r e d it a c tio n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u rp o s e s o f a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g l e v e l d e fin it io n s .
C la s s

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y to the..chairm an of the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t of a com pany that e m p lo y s, in
a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; or
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r than the c h a irm a n of the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t)
of a com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but fe w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w
segm ent o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com pany that e m p lo y s,
C la s s

a ll,

the c o rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l) of a m a jo r
in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p re sid e n t of a com pany that e m p lo y s, in
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (o th e r them the c h a irm a n of the b o a r d o r p re sid e n t)
of a com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to the head (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the o ffic e r le v e l) o v e r eith er a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e -w id e functional a ctivity (e .g ., m a rk e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e ra tio n s, in d u s tria l r e l a tions, etc.) o r"a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o rg a n iz a tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a re g io n a l h e a d q u a rte rs ;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) of a com pany that e m p lo y s, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib ilit y is not e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c if ic l e v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c la s s B , but w h o s e s u b o rd in a te s ta ff
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n ts w h ic h a r e o fte n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; oi"
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th at e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l u nit ( e . g . , fe w e r than
abou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ); o £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t, s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r . )

STENO G RAPH ER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is to tak e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in sh orth an d o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M a y
a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
M a y o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r . )

STENOGRAPHER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t ific r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
copy.
M a y a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e and r e s p o n s i­
b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g ; W o rk r e q u ir e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s te n o g r a p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; and a th o ro u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f the s p e c ific b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
ta s k s such a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , le t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and
a n s w e r in g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e t c .
D o e s n ot in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telephone sw itc h b o a rd handling incom ing,
outgoing, in trap lan t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s fu ll telephone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r handles
c o m p le x c a lls , such a s c o n fe re n c e , co lle c t, o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , eith e r in addition to
doing routine w o rk as d e s c r ib e d fo r s w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to r, c la s s B , o r as a fu ll-t im e
a ssig n m e n t. ( " F u l l " telephone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u rs when the esta b lish m e n t has v a r ie d
functions that a r e not r e a d ily u n d e rstan d able fo r telephone in fo rm atio n p u rp o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u se
of o v e rla p p in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and co n sequ en tly p re s e n t freq u en t p r o b le m s as to
w h ich exten sion s a r e a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e ra te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le -p o sitio n telephone sw itc h b o a rd handling incom ing,
outgoing, in trap lan t o r o ffic e c a lls . M a y handle routine long d istan ce c a lls and r e c o r d to lls.
M a y p e r fo r m lim ite d telephone in fo rm atio n s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telephone in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u rs if the functions o f the e sta b lish m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e re a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le fo r telephone
in fo rm atio n p u r p o s e s , o r if the re q u e sts a r e routin e, e .g ., givin g exten sion n u m b e rs when
s p e c ific nam es a r e fu rn ish e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to another o p e ra to r.)

14
S W IT C H B O A R D

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In a d d itio n to p e r fo r m in g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s it io n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts as r e c e p t io n is t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e the m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

C la s s C . O p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s such as the
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, c o lla t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c if ic in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y in clu d e s im p le
w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and s o m e f ilin g w o r k .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g runs o r r e p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O PERATO R,

GENERAL

O PERATO R

C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly
in c lu d in g such m a c h in e s as the ta b u la to r , c a lc u la t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o lla t o r , and o th e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t in g a s s ig n m e n ts w ith o u t c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , and p e r fo r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g and s e q u e n c in g o f s te p s to be ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t ia lly tr a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in clu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s and d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v is io n o f the w o r k and p r o d u c tio n o f a g ro u p o f ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch as the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o lla t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r fo r m e d u n d er s p e c if ic in s tr u c tio n s and m a y in c lu d e th e p e r fo r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p le , ta b u la tio n s
in v o lv in g a r e p e t it iv e
a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but s m a ll ta b u la tin g stu d y, o r p a r ts o f a lo n g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . Such r e p o r t s and s tu d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n a tu re w h e r e the p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a ls o in c lu d e the tr a in in g o f n ew e m p lo y e e s in th e b a s ic
o p e r a t io n o f the m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m w r it t e n c o p y and do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c la s s if ie d as a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to m a k e out b ills a ft e r c a lc u la ­
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in clu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r use in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t l e s p e c ia l tr a in in g , such
as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , fi l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n ctu ation , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l;
and p la n n in g la y o u t and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m it y and
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e fo r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; C o p y ty p in g fr o m ro u g h o r c le a r d r a fts ;
ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; and s e ttin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y setu p and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u ed

D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a v in g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c lo s e su p­
p o r t w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a ch ch an ge on th e d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
pon en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a fts m e n .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts th at r e q u ir e the a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u sed .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e such w o r k a s:
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s tr u c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll
s e c t io n s , f lo o r p la n s , and r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r ts f o i e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

co m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p ro a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .
In s tr u c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c in g lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is tin g o f s t r a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d / or
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
NURSE,

o r r e p e t it iv e

IN D U S T R I A L

d r a w in g s

o f e a s i l y v is u a liz e d it e m s .

W o r k is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

(R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s * in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and p la n n in g and c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv it ie s a ffe c t in g th e h e a lth , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and eq u ip m e n t such as b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s ,
c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in aj\ e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g .:
P la n ­
n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s u sin g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o ls , and s ta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;




CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

15
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s such as th e in s t a lla t io n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a ir o f eq u ip m e n t fo r the g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n , o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ;
In s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m e n t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its , con du it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o s in g tr o u b le in the
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r eq u ip m e n t; w o r k in g sta n d a rd co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and
t e s t in g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e le c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed t r a i n ­
in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a t io n o f s t a tio n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
O p e r a tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m e n t
such as s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n t ila t in g and r e f r i g ­
e r a tin g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , and fu e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M a y a ls o su ­
p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r ga s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
and ch e c k s w a t e r and s a fe t y v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c ific
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
c le a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m e n t; a s s is t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s as d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k the
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in
o th e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r ts o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f on e o r m o r e ty p e s o f m a c h in e t o o ls , such as j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r fa c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s tr u c tio n o f
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n ­
ning and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a t e d setu ps
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c t in g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n eed d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o ls , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and c u ttin g and lu b r ic a t in g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s try w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o lr o o m , in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g sh ops
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts and n ew p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ­
ic a l eq u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In t e r p r e t in g
w r it t e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c ific a t io n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in is t 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g sta n d a rd m a c h in e
t o o ls ; sh ap in g o f m e ta l p a r ts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
and fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g p a r ts in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b lin g eq u ip m e n t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th a t in v o lv e th e u se o f such h a n d to o ls as
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fit t in g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s t a llin g




A U T O M O T IV E

(M A I N T E N A N C E )— C on tin u ed

th e v a r io u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; and a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n ­
tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e the use
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and f it t in g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r ts w ith ite m s ob ta in e d
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g the p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a rt b y a m a c h in e shop o r sen d in g o f the
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ; p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shop; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a lls n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n tle s and in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y eq u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g es in the p lan t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
lo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g out o f the w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d ­
a r d t o o ls , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r ts to be u sed ; and in s t a llin g and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m e n t such as d r iv e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o i l o r
e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

grea se,

th e

m o v in g p a rts

o r w e a r in g

s u r fa c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in ­
v o lv e s the f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r it ie s and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r fa c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru sh . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , and o th e r p ain t in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the
w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

In s t a lls o r r e p a ir s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
L a y in g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r in g to l o ­
ca te p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s to c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s iz e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g sta n d a rd te s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fit t e r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a lla t io n o f v e n ts and t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s te m ; in s t a llin g o r r e ­
p a ir in g p ip e s and fix t u r e s ; and o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p lu m b e r 's s n a k e. In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t and f i x ­
tu r e s (su ch as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s , d u cts,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and la y in g
out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , or- o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ;
s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

16
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E --- C on tin u ed

TO O L AND

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b en d in g , fo r m in g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e tm e ta l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s
rou n d ed t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
TO O L AND
(D ie

D IE M A K E R

m a k er; jig

m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; fix t u r e

m a k er; gage m ak er)

C o n s tru c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix t u r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
pu n ch in g, and o th e r m e t a l- f o r m in g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k fr o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l and w r it t e n s p e c ific a t io n s ;

D IE

M A K E R --- C o n tin u ed

u sin g a v a r ie t y o f to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
sta n d in g o f the w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls and a llo y s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a tin g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls and r e la t e d eq u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , fe e d s , and t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e ta l p a r ts d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n
as w e l l as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o r k in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fit t in g and a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia te
m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u ir e s a rou nded
t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh ops a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s ific a t io n .

to o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in

to o l and d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND

S H IP P IN G A N D

W ATCHM AN

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e it h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a te m e n w h o a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te
and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rou n d s o f p r e m is e s
th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .
J A N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

OR C LEAN ER

R E C E IV IN G

c h a rw o m a n ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e fu s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu r n it u r e , o r fix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l fix t u r e s
o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s and m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r ie s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c ia liz e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a rio u p m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r tin g d e v ic e s ; u n p a ck in g, s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; and t r a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and unload sh ips a r e
e x c lu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g

w ork ers

are

c la s s if ie d

as fo llo w s :

c le r k

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts such a s: M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , f r e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le and r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u ses o r p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n load tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , and k e e p tr u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r iv e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e and ty p e o f eq u ip m e n t,
as f o llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh ou ld be r a te d on the b a s is o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r

p ic k e r ;

s to c k s e le c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e

sto ck m a n )

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an ce w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f i llin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n a d d itio n a l sto c k o r r e p o r t s h o rt s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er 1V2 to n s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (1 Vz to and in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r than t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

T R U C K D R IV E R

H A N D L IN G

(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r and s ta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; sto c k m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h o u sem a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k in v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d ir e c t in g o th e r s in v e r if y in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s and r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f il e s .

PO W ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts fo r sh ip m en t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d ep en d en t upon the ty p e , s iz e , and n u m b er o f
u n its to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u ir e s the
p la c in g o f ite m s in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g ;
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e and s iz e
o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
data on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e r a te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s about a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu dy p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d b y ty p e o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p ow er
pow er

( f o r k lif t )
(o th e r than fo r k l i f t )

A re a W a g e S u rv ey s
A l is t o f the la test ava ila b le bulletins is p r e s e n te d below. A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w ag e studies including m o r e l i m i t e d studies conducted at the
r equest of the Wage and Hour D i v i s io n of the D ep artm ent of L a b o r is av a ila b le on reque st. Bulletins m a y be p urch ased f r o m the Superintendent of
Docum ents, U.S. G ov e rn m en t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , Washington, D .C., 20402, o r f r o m any of the B LS r e g io n a l sales o f f i c e s shown on the inside fro nt c o v e r .

Area
A k ron , Ohio, July 1970___________________________________
Albany—Schenectady—T r o y , N . Y . , Feb. 1970-------------Albuqu erqu e, N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1--------------------------A ll entow n—Bethlehem—Easton, P a . —N .J ., M a y 1970 1
—
Atlanta, Ga., M a y 1970 1_________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1969--------------------------------------Beaumont— o r t Arthur—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1970-----P
Binghamton, N . Y . , July 1970-----------------------------------B irm in g h a m , A l a . , M ar. 1970___________________________
B o is e C ity, Idaho, Nov. 1969____________________________
Boston, M a s s ., Aug. 1969 ---------------------------------------B uffa lo, N . Y . , Oct. 1969 _________________________________
Burlin gt on , V t. , M ar. 1970_______________________________
Canton, Ohio, M ay 1970 1________________________________
C harle ston, W. V a., A p r . 1970 1------------------------------C h arlo tt e, N .C ., M a r . 1970 1 -----------------------------------Chattanooga, T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1969____________________
Chic ago, 111., Ap r . 1969 1----------------------------------------Cincinn ati, O hio—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1970__________________
C le v e lan d, Ohio, Sept. 1969______________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969_______________________________
D alla s, T e x . , Oct. 1969__________________________________
D avenp ort— ock Island— o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
M
Oct. 1969 1________________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969_________________________________
D e n v e r, C olo ., Dec. 1969 1_-____________________________
Des M o in es , Iowa, M a y 1970 1 __________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., Feb. 1970_______________________________
F o r t W ort h, T e x . , Oct. 1969_____________________________
G r ee n Bay, W is ., July 1970 1-----------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S.C., M ay 1 9 7 0 _ ___________________________ Houston, T e x . , A p r . 1970__ _____________________________ _
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969_____________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , Jan. 1970_______________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Dec. 1969___________________________
Kansas C ity, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1969____________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s .— .H ., June 1970 1---------N
L i t t l e Rock — or th L i ttl e Rock, A r k . , July 1970 1_____
N
L o s A n g e l e s —Long B ea ch and An ah eim —Santa A n a G ard en G r o v e , C a lif. , M ar. 1970______________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1_______________________
Lubbock, T e x . , M ar. 1970 1______________________________
M an c h es te r, N .H ., July 1970 1__________________________
M e m p his , Tenn.—A r k ., N ov. 1969 1 _____________________
M ia m i, F la ., N ov. 1969-------------------------------------------Midland and O d e ss a, T e x . , Jan. 1970 1 --------------------M il w au k e e , W i s . , M ay 1970 1-----------------------------------Minneapoli s—St. P au l, Minn., Jan. 1970 1 ______________

Bulletin number
and p r i c e
1660-88,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660-1 1,
1660-84,
1685-6,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30
30
35
35
50
35
30
30
30
25
45
45
25
35
35
40
30
65
35
40
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35
30
40
35
35
30
35
30
35
30
30
30
35
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45
40
35
35
40
30
35
50
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplem entary w age provisions are also presented.




Area
Muskegon— uskegon H e i g h t s , M ic h ., June 19701_____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y, N .J ., Jan. 1970 1---------------N ew Haven, Conn., Jan. 1970*___________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1970_____________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1970 1------------------------------------N orfo lk r-P orts m ou th and N e w p o r t N ew s —
Hampton, V a., Jan. 1970 1 ______________________________
Oklahoma C it y, Okla., July 1970________________________
Omaha, N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1969_________________________
P a t e r son— lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1970 1 __________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N .J ., N ov. 1969*_____________________
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 19701______________________________
P itts b u rgh , P a . , Jan. 1970 1______________________________
P o r tl a n d , M aine, N ov. 1969 1 ____________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . —Wash., M a y 1970 1_____________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t— a r w ic k , R .I.—M a s s . ,
W
M a y 1970__________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C . , Aug. 1969_________________________________
Richm ond, Va., M a r . 19701______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e occupations only),
Aug. 1970---------------------------------------------------------------R o c k fo r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 ________________________________
St. L ou is, Mo.—111., M a r . 1970___________________________
Salt L ake C it y, Utah, N ov. 1969 1_______________________
San An to nio , T e x . , M ay 1970_____________________________
San B e r n a r d in o — i v e r side— n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
O
Dec. 1969---------------------------------------------------------------San D ie go, C a l i f. , N ov. 1969 1 ___________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Oct. 1969 1____________
San J o s e , C a l i f. , Sept. 1969 1 -----------------------------------Savannah, Ga., M ay 1970 1________________________________
Scranton, P a . , July 1970 1---------------------------------------Seattle—E v e r e t t , Wash., Jan. 1970_______________________
Sioux F a l l s , S. Dak., Sept. 1969_________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r . 1970 1-----------------------------------Spokane, W ash ., June 1970 1 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e, N . Y . , July 1970---------------------------------------T am pa—St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1 ______________
T o l e d o , Ohio—M ic h., Feb. 1970__________________________
T re n to n , N .J ., Sept. 1969________________________________
Utica—R o m e , N . Y . , July 1970____________________________
Washington, D . C . - M d . - V a . , Sept. 1969 1_______________
W a te r b u r y , Conn., M a r . 1970 1--------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Jan. 1970________________________________
W ic h ita, K ans., Ap r . 1970 1 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M a y 19701 __________________________
Y o r k , P a . , Feb. 1970 1________________ ___ _______________
Youngstown—W a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1969 1________________

B ull etin number
and p r i c e
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1660-89,

35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
75cents

1660-59,
1685-5,
1660-12,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35cents
30cents
30cents
45cents
60cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
40cents

1660-72,
1660-6,
1660-65,

30cents
30cents
'40 cents

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30cents
35cents
40cents
35cents
30cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1685-9,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
25cents
35cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
30cents
30cents
30cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
35cents

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
OFFICIAL. BUSINESS

PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, *300




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
THIRD CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102