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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e O k la h o m a C ity, O k la h o m a ,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , J u ly 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin
U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR

1 6 8 5 -5

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 F ilbertS t.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

137I Peachtree St. N E .
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North A kardSt.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e O k la h o m a C ity , O k la h o m a ,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , Ju ly 1 9 7 0
B u lletin 1 6 8 5 - 5
October 1970
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U 5 . Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C ., 20402 — Price 30 cents




C o n te n ts

P re fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e taile d d a ta by se le c t e d in d u str y d iv isio n fo r each
of the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
At the en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s the s u r v e y r e s u l t s . A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n of a l l
o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , two
su m m a r y b u lletin s a re i s s u e d .
The f i r s t b r in g s d a ta fo r
e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to one b u l l e t i n .
The se c o n d p r e s e n t s i n fo r m a t io n w hich h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d
f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o ­
g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the U n it e d S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s --------------------------------------T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ------------------------------------------------------------------------I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________
O ccu p ation al e a r n in g s:
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n _______________
m
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s bien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , in J u l y 1 9 7 0 .
The Stan d ard M et­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u of
the B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f C a n a d i a n ,
C l e v e l a n d , and O k l a h o m a C o u n t i e s .
T h is study w a s c o n ­
d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in D a l l a s , T e x . ,
u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f B o y d B . O ' N e a l , A s s i s t a n t
R egion al D ire c to r for O p eration s.




1
4

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b ack c o v e r. )

are

av ailab le

for other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the O k l a h o m a C i t y a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g
c o n str u c tio n ; prin tin g; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ;
an d l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a t i o n s .

ii i

3
5

6
8
9
10
11
13




In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 9 0 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a . E a r n i n g s d a t a n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a t a ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a t a a r e i n c l u d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s i s not sh o w n
o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n ot a v a i l a b l e .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d t o t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s data exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h ere w eek ly h o u rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay
fo r o v e rtim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e ra g e w eekly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ;
r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e, i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; s e r v i c e s ; and c ru d e
p e t r o le u m and n a tu ra l g a s . M a jo r in d u stry g r o u p s ex c lu d e d fr o m th e se
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d m i n i n g
i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of
w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
Sep arate tabu­
l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h
m e e t p u b licatio n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t im e . C o m p a r i s o n s of in d iv id u al o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s an d
em ploy m en t p a tte rn s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s e m ploy ed
by h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h an ge o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r i n g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2, a r e b e t t e r
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s t h a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w it h in t h e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e giv en t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se b elo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ied .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
follow in g t y p e s ;
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stud y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under con tract w ith the New York
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffic e o ccu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 77 areas at the request of (he W age and Hour D ivision of the U. S. D epartm ent of Labor.




The a v e r a g e s p resen ted re fle ct co m p o site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e ; D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the a c t u a l
State
r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s
p e r f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g

1

2
em ployees in these surveys are usually m ore generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.
Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
ally surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of the earnings data.




Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -s e r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is collected biennially.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced
women office w orkers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours;
paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous bulletins for
this area.

T a b le
by

1.

m a jo r

E s t a b lis h m e n t s
in d u s tr y

and

w o rk e rs

scope

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in sc o p e 4
of study

Industry division

All d ivisio n s-

w it h in

o f s u rv e y

and

num ber

s t u d ie d

in O k l a h o m a

C ity , O k l a .,

d iv is io n ,2 J u ly 1 9 7 0

_____ ____

___________________

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------- ------- --------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________ _______ ________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d
--------o th e r public u t i l i t i e s 5 . .
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 ____
_______ .
R etail t r a d e 6. .
--------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6 . . —
o
----- —
s e r v i c e s 6 7_ _ ----- -------------------- -----C r u d e p e t r o l e u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s ----------------

N u m b e r of e st a b lis h m e n t s
Within s c o p e
of study 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
Within s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

S tudied

Stud ied

Num ber

Percent

_

456

136

83, 142

100

48 , 806

50
-

114
34 2

39
97

30 ,0 7 2
53 , 0 7 0

36
64

20, 77 2
28 , 0 3 4

50
50
50
50
50
50

47
53
109
58
48
27

18
13
26
12
17
11

13,
5,
18,
7,
4,
3,

16
7
22
9
6
4

10,077
1, 92 0
9, 22 5
2, 6 2 5
1,8 1 8
2, 369

06 7
840
450
702
512
499

1
T h e O k l a h o m a C i t y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 19 68 , c o n s i s t s o f C a n a d i a n ,
C le v e la n d , and O k la h o m a C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n
o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n
w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t
d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
z
T h e 19 67 e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
in d u s t r ie s a s tr a d e , fin an ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e st a b lis h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w it h in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " i n the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
Sep arate p resen tation
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to
m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s not d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r i e s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n ta l, and p a r k i n g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; nonprofit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (exclu din g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s); and e n g in eerin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r o n e - t h i r d o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y i n the O k l a h o m a C i t y a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u factu rin g:
In dustry g r o u p s

Specific in d u strie s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t an d
s u p p l i e s ---------------------------------- 26
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s --------18
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s --------14
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______ 14
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ------------ 7
M achinery, except
e l e c t r i c a l ------------------------------ 6

C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ----------24
F abricated structural
m e t a l p r o d u c t s ------------------------- 13
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s . ......................
8
M e a t p r o d u c t s --------------------------- 6
M o t o r v e h i c l e s an d
e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------- 6
N e w s p a p e r s ------------------------------- 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
shows the percentage change.
The index is the product of multiplying
the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding
year and continuing to multiply (compound) each y e a r's relative by the
previous y ear's index.

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerica l workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given tim e, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields
the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of
the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations
were based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate
between surveys.
These estim ates are m easures of change in aver­
ages for the area; they are not intended to m easure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

For office clerica l workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtim e.
For plant worker groups, they
m easure changes in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include m ost of the num erically important jobs within
each group.
Limitations of Data

Method of Computing
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (1) general salary and
wage changes, (2) m erit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay lev els.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage in creases,
average wages may have declined because low er-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work fo rce s.
Sim ilarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em ­
ployment in the occupational group:
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (m en and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
C a rp en ters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Clerks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Mechanics (automotive)
Switchboard opera tots, classes
Cleiks, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Cleiks, order
Tool and die makers
class B
Cleiks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (men and women):
A and B
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls

The use of constant employment weights elim inates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtim e.
Where n ecessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were m ulti­
plied by the occupational \yeight, and the products for all occupations
in the group were totaled.
The aggregates for 2 consecutive years
were related by dividing the aggregate for the later year by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year.
The resultant relative, le ss 100 percent,




4

5

T a b le

2.

O k la h o m a

In d e x e s

o f s ta n d a rd

w e e k ly

C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1 9 7 0

s a la r ie s

and

s t r a i g h t - t im e

a n d J u ly 1 9 6 9 , a n d

p e rc e n ts

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

o f c h a n g e 1 fo r

fo r

s e le c t e d

s e le c t e d

All in d u strie s
P eriod

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
w omen)

In d u strial
nurses
(m en and
women)

o c c u p a t io n a l

g ro u p s

in

p e r io d s
M anufacturing

Skilled
m ain ten ance
trades
(m en )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m en )

O ffice
clerical
( m e n an d
women)

In d u strial
n urses
(m en and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
trades
(m en )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m en )

( 2)
( 2)

( 2)
113. 1

1 13. 7
10 9. 6

( 2)
( 2)

( 2)
( 2)

148. 4
130. 6

( )

In d e x e s (J u ly 1967=100)
J u l y 1 9 7 0 ___________________________________________
J u l y 19 69 ___________________________________________

11 3 . 9
110 . 0

(*)
( 2)

118 . 9
111.3

113 . 6
109 . 3
In d exes (A u g ust

J u l y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------------------------J u l y 1 9 6 7 ___________________________________________

146 . 4
1 28 . 6

0
( 2)

( 2)
( 2)

143 . 0
126 . 0

116. 8
110 . 9
1960=100)
142 . 9
122 . 3

P e r c e n t s of ch ange 1
J u l y 1969 to J u l y 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------J u l y 19 6 8 to J u l y 1969 ____________________________
J u l y 19 6 7 to J u l y 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------A u g u s t 1966 to J u l y 1967:
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e _____________________________
A n n u a l r a t e o f i n c r e a s e -------------------------------

3. 5
4. 6
5. 2

(>
( 2)

6. 8
5. 3
5. 7

3.9
3 2. 9
6. 2

5. 3
5. 8
4. 8

<>
( 2)

( 2)
8. 5
4. 2

3. 7
5. 2
4. 2

5. 4
5. 9

( 2)
( 2)

5. 1
5. 6

8. 7
9. 5

4. 5
4. 9

( 2)
( 2)

( 2)
( 2)

6. 2
6. 8

A ugust
August
August
August
A ugust
A ugust

4.
2.
2.
3.
3.
3.

( 2)
()
(!)
()
()
( 2)

2. 1
3. 4
( 2)
( )
( 2)
3. 5

4. 5
1.0
4- . 1
4. 7
1.8
3. 0

2. 5
3. 6
1. 7
3. 0
2. 2
2 .9

(2)

( 2)
( )
(!)
(!)
(!)
( 2i




1
2
3
4

1 965
1 964
19 63
1 962
1961
I960

to
to
to
to
to
to

A ugust
A ugust
August
A ugust
A ugust
A ugust

1 9 6 6 ______________________
1 9 6 5 ______________________
1 9 6 4 ______________________
1 9 6 3 ______________________
1 9 6 2 -----------------------------1 9 6 1 ------------------------------

5
8
8
3
0
8

()

A ll ch an ges a re in c r e a s e s u n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ica te d .
Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .
R e v is e d e s tim a te .
T h e s e unusual ch a n ges la r g e ly r e f l e c t ch an ges in p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s

(!)

0

()
()
( 2)

e m p lo y e d in h ig h - and lo w -w a g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

N O T E : P r e v io u s ly p u b lish e d in d e x e s fo r the O kla h om a C ity a r e a u se d A u gu st I960 as the b a s e
p e r io d .
T h e y can be co n v e r t e d to the new b a s e p e r io d by d ivid in g them by the c o r r e s p o n d in g index
n u m b ers fo r Ju ly 1967 on the A u gu st I960 b a s e p e r io d as show n in the ta b le .
(T h e r e s u lt should be
m u ltip lie d by 1 00 .)

4 8.
2.
2.
4.
4- .
4.

0
3
4
0
1
5

6

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b l e A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , O k la h om a C ity , O kla. , Ju ly 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
S

%

Average
weekly

55
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

(standard)

s
60

$
65

$
70

$

$

t

75

80

85

S
90

s
95

$

*
10C

105

t
110

*
115

$
120

$
130

$

t

140

150

$
16C

t
170

$
180

and
und er

60

190
and

70

80

85

75

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

3
3

65

9
7

3
3
1

14
14
1

35
30
14

36
27
5

13
12
9

13
13
4

6
6
3

17
17
17

11
11
11

4
4
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

164
147
65

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
$
141 .00 134.00
142.50 136.00
154.50 154.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

67
52
38

40.0
40.0
40.0

109.50
112.50
113.50

108.00

100.50 -1 1 8 .5 0
103 .00 -1 2 2 .0 0
106.50 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

-

110.00
112.00

-

-

“

*

"

“

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

125
108

40.0
40.0

115.00
114.00

112.50
105.00

102.00 -1 2 8 .0 0
101 .50 -1 2 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

OFFICE BOYS -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ----------

117
93
29

40.0
40.0
40.0

75.50
74.50
78.00

74.00
73.00
82.00

70.0069.507 1.00-

5
5

24
21
6

48
35

39.5
39.5

82.50
83.00

83*50

7 8 .0 0 - 90.50
8 0 .0 0 - 9 2.00

i« .o o - 5 ,..,o
123 .00 -1 6 3 .5 0
132 .50 -1 7 7 .0 0

83.00
82.50
87.50

4
i
"

6
2
1

5
5
2

11
7
4

11
11
9

11
9
8

3
2
2

11
10
10

2
2
2

_
-

i
i

-

1
1
*

-

-

13
13

_

40
4C

3
-

8
1

2
*

43
42

1
“

8
8

4
i

-

_

"

3
3

40
33
6

7
3
1

22
18
5

13
9
9

6
4
2

-

5
5

6
2

2
2

17
11

5
2

13
13

-

_

-

i
i

-

_

-

*

CD

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

o
o

W
OMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------

174

40.0

78.50

75.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL I T I E S -------------------------

216
31
185
31

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

114.50
126.00
112.50
126.50

117.50
130.00
115.00
136.50

“

80.50

-

-

23

64

43

12

1

23

-

-

-

7

96.0 0-13 1 .5 0
1 20.00-136.50
93.5 0-13 0 .0 0
101 .00 -1 5 1 .5 0

_

-

-

-

4

11

22

13

-

11
-

22
2

13

13
13
8

7
4
3
-

2
1
1

19
2
17
1

37
8
29
-

34
10
24
3

14
5
9
5

8
8
3

2
2
2

3
3
3

_
-

*

4
-

27
1
26
4

*

-

7 5 .0 0 - 99.50
8 2 .5 0-1C 4 .5 0
7 4.5 0- 98.00
7 9.0 0-12 4 .5 0

-

28
2
26
“

134
4
130
6

77
8
69
20

144
23
121
2

51
13
38
"

33
5
28
-

46
ii
35
11

55
13
42
5

39
7
32
5

16
6
10
7

7
2
5
-

30
6
24
22

15
3
12
11

i
i
-

1
1
1

1
1
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

“

9
9
“

_

-

-

_

5
5

4
2

7
7

1
-

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

“

5
5

_

-

11
11

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
11

76
73

38
38

38
27

18
9

6
6

8
8

16
6

2
1

72
70

82
82

31
31

17
15

8
8

-

_

3

-

3
3

1
1

18
18

12
12

2
2

8
8

1
1

12
11

1

2
2

9

6
5
i

1
~
1

6

3
2
1

29
16
13

12
7
5

2
2

7
1
6

_

-

6

19
6
13

4

-

13

18

1

14
-

13

21
14
7

9

14

16
16

11

17

8

2

6
3
3

1
4

8
5
3

15
5
10

7 1.5 0-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------

690
1 03
587
90

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

8 8.50
94.00
87.50
104.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

47
44

39.5
39.5

94.00
93.50

88. CO
86.50

8 1.0 0-10 4 .5 0
8 0.5 0-10 4 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

228
191

39.5
39.5

7 9.00
7 7.00

76.50
75.00

72.007 1.5 0-

84.00
82.00

_

-

12
12

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

307
300

39.5
39.5

70.50
70.00

69.00
69.00

64.0064.00-

74.00
74.00

6
6

88
88

ord er ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

58
56

40.0
40.0

91.00
90.50

88.00
87.50

8 3 .0 0-10 1 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 99.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

107
46
61

39.5
40.0
39.5

101.50
97.00
105.50

105.50
106.00
106.00

91.0 0-11 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0-10 9 .5 0
91.5 0-11 4 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

155
51
104

40.0
40.0
39.5

97.00
104.50
94.00

100.00

94.00

8 3 .0 0-10 9 .0 0
9 4 .5 0-11 5 .0 0
7 9 .0 0-10 8 .0 0

clerks,

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le s




83.50
92.00
82.50
106.50

87.50

_

-

*

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

“

”

~

8
i

19

1

4
n

5

-

-

2

i

-

-

2

i

7
7

-

_

“

2
1
1
2
2

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

7

T a b le A -1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , O k la h om a C ity , O kla. , J u ly 1970)

We( a d r ) 8 1
^ n a d nS

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

T

c
.
.
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number A
verage
o
f
wel
eky
wres h u s
okr
or1

s

$

55

$

$

$

60

65

-

-

______________________________________________________________________________60

65

70

WOMEN - CONTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES------------

261
78
183
26

$
87.50-102.50
92.50-1C6.00
86.50-1CO.00
118.00-146.00

-

- - - -

4
4
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------

312
40.0 84.00 83.00 75.50- 92.50
54 40.0 93.50 93.00 89.00-101.00
258 39.5 82.00 81.50 74.00- 89.50

1
1

8

24

8

24

41
3
38

1
1

5
5

5
5

(standard)

0FF ICE G I R L S --------------------NONMANUF AC TURING-------------SECRETARIES---------------------MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------PUBLIC UTILITIES------------

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

32 40.0
29 40.0

Mean^

Median^

$
$
97.00 92.50
98.50 97.50
96.50 89.50
128.50 128.00

76.50
74.50

74.00
73.00

Mdl rne
ide ag^

and
under

67.00- 86.00
66.50- 82.50

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------PUBLIC UTILITIES------------

303

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------PUBLIC UTILITIES------------

424
40.0 115.50 114.00 101.00-130.00
96 40.0 115.50 119.00 103.00-129.50
328
40.0 115.50 112.50 100.50-130.50
72 40.0 132.00 133.00 120.00-142.00

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------

378
79
299

40.0 100.50 99.00
40.0 104.00 100.50
39.5 99.50 98.50

92.00-110.50
95.00-112.50
91.00-109.50

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL----------MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------PUBLIC UTILITIES------------

373
95
278
82

40.0 94.50 93.00
40.0 96.00 94.50
40.0 94.00 91.50
40.0 103.50 100.00

86.50-101.50
91.00-101.50
85.50-1C2.00
89.50-117.50

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR-----------NONMANUFACTURING-------------PUBLIC UTILITIES------------

349
277
69

40.0 112.50 110.00 102.00-120.50
40.0 112.50 108.00 100.50-124.50
40.0 110.50 103.50 92.50-124.50

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --NONMANUFACTURING--------------

116
97

40.5
40.5

76.50
74.50

73.00 60.0071.50 59.00-

30
30

2
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------

207
40.0
58
40.0
149 40.0

88.00
87.50
88.50

84.00 78.50- 94.50
83.00 78.00- 89.50
84.50 79.00- 94.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------

101
85

85.50
86.00

84.00
84.00

39.5 142.50 138.00 121.50-169.00
39.5 139.00 136.50 122.50-159.00

-

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

-

39.5
39.0

114.50
125.50
109.00
170.00

102.50-136.50
112.50-139.50
101.50-134.00
149.50-176.00

90.00
86.00

80.00- 94.00
78.00- 94.00

-

-

-

*
85

85

$

$

90

-

80

95

$

10C

95

-

90

$
105

-

100

105

s

ft

H5

U0

-

-

-

2
-

2

-

-

61
5
56
-

48
7
41
2
-

-

110

18
3

-

115

*

120

-

-

120

140

130

t

$

130

$

150

-

140

150

t

160

i

-

160

i

170

180

17C

190

-

180

and
190 over

-

1

30
29
2 4
28
25

1

-

39.5 87.00 87.50 82.00- 93.00
68
40.0 93.50 93.50 91.00- 97.50
133 39.5
84.00 84.00 81.00- 88.50

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------

495 39.5
76.00 74.00 71.50- 80.00
430
39.5 76.00 74.00 71.00- 79.50

-

17
17

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

104
9
95
7

6
6

79
34
45

37
3
34

16

10
10

33
24

9
9

23
23
11
8

12
2
10
13
12

-

-

133
43
90
10

95
30
65
24

-

12
12

-

20

-

-

18
5
13
5

39
31
18

3

11
7

8
8

8

6

31

19

33

21

16

6
12

14

14

4

-

20
2

65
24
41
10

47
14
33
22

28
33
3 4
25
29

3
3
-

24
1
23

1
3

6

1

6

2

11

1
1

2
2
-

I
1
-

1
1

1
- 1

52
34
18

18
6 1
16
5 1
2
1
-

52
41

29
25

1

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

1

33
19
2

35
28
7

24
24
6

-

1

6

-

-

-

1
1

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1
-

6

53
23
4

3

1

2

2
137
2
1

-

4
4

2
1

2

3
-

35
8
5
7
3
7
1
28
7
5
7
3
13
4
2
3
-

7

6

3

-

--

7

17
14

31
35
10
7
21
28
5 7

1

5
3
2
1

5

21

8

7

8

222

12
2
10
4

1

-

33
4
29
10

63
18
45
5
3

138

4
51
35
5

62
33
7 3
55
30
40
37

-

1

9
5
1
4 2
6
5

1

8

4
25
- -

3
2

3
1

-

16
12

2
4

51
36
3 2
48
34
- -

96
18
78
7

5

4

14
12

24
10
14

91
67

-

7

49
13
36

46 219
46 197

-

6
3

36
19
17

4

12
3
9

56
55
11

18
3
15

4

-

l
1

3

56
13
43
3
1

2

1

13
11
4

15
15

-

-

30
29
11

9
9
5

9
5

16
-

-

15
1
14

21
18

16

-

9
4
5

16
15

-

1

46
19
27
5

78
8

-

7
7

8

45
13
32
10

70
15

-

-

1

74
37
37
10

18
7

-

-

8

28
12
16

26

-

-

3

25
4
21

15

8

-

50
11
39

15

-

-

-

82
19
63

6

-

-

31
30

1

49
14
35

13
11

6

16
1
11

5
12
2

-

11
3

1

-

7
3

15
2

8

-

164
31
133
19

20
20

7

3
15

2
-

6
8

11
7
4
2

23
8

133
20
113
14

14

15
3

15
-

-

25
25
-

80
25
55
1
1

-

18
9
9
1

1
1

12
4
- 12
4
- -

5
5

15
- 15

-

-

-

5
5

15
6
9

-

-

3
3

-

5
1

34
18
16
1

44
18
26

5
5

1
1

6

-

-

46
23
23
-

-

2
1

- - -

5
-

10
-

4
4

5

81
81

4

43
62
35
2
2
9
41
60
26

-

-

14

8

4
4
-

20
20
- -

-

-

201




75

- - -

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURI N G --------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

$
80

-

7
7

-

89
65

121.00
126.50
119.00
163.00

-

5
5

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING--------------

68

t
75

$

1,194
40.0 114.00 109.00 98.00-127.00
267
40.0 118.00 114.50 101.00-131.50
927
40.0 113.00 107.00 97.50-125.00
146 40.0 132.50 133.00 106.00-151.50

235
33

70

9
9

-

-

2
2
-

-

7
5

7
4

-

3

6
6

-

1

-

3
-

6
6

-

-

-

-

18
17

1
1
-

-

-

1
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

8
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , O k lah om a C ity, O kla. , J u ly 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly ea rn in g s
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

80
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$

$

90

100

100

110

S

110

$

120

$

$

$

3

$

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

34

40.0
39.5

$
148.50
150.00

$
$
$
139.00 1 3 5 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
140.00 1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS 8
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

75
55

40.0
40.0

137.50
139.00

135.00
141.50

1 25 .50-148.00
1 26 .00-148.00

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

48
39

39.5
39.5

102.00 101.00

107.00

106.00

9 3.50-118.50
92.5 0-11 6.0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

47
39

40.0
39.5

210.00 210.00
211.00 2 2 5 . 0 0

175.00-252.00
170.00-252.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

56
32

4 0 . C 173.50
4 0 .0 156.50

169.00
148.50

147.00 -1 92 .00
139.00-164.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------

44

40.0

228.00

231.00

73
37
36

40.0
40.0
40.0

190.50
193.00
188.00

182.50
179.00
187.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

122

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b h




77

35
42

160

17C

180

190

200 210

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

24
18

3
3

5
5

3

2

-

~

i
i

2

-

1

t

$

$

$

i

$

6
6

3

$

220

230

240

25C

260

270

28C
and

-

-

120

-

-

-

■

6

-

4

9
4

19
16

5
3

27
23

3
3

17
16

6
6

14
14

3

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

over

1
1

2
1

5
5

_

1C
1C

~

4
4

1

~

1

_

_

3

1

_

i

3

~

_

_

~

~

6
6

5
4

7
7

3
i

1
1

1C
9

9
9

4
4

5

7
i

6

“

_
-

.
-

6
6

2

9
4

~

*

2

5

17
1C
7

4

18
15
3

19
9

29
17

16

15

4

6
3
3

5

1C

6
4

18
6

16
13
3

13

“
_

_

_

”

“

~

171.00-212.00
164.50-213.50
1 72.00-203.00

_
-

-

-

155.00
153.50
156.50

156.00 1 4 1 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
153.50 1 3 9 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 5 8 . CO 1 4 4 . 0 0 - 1 7 3 . 0 0

-

-

126.00
125.50
126.00

128.00
131.00
127.00

109.50-139.50
115.00-138.00
1 08.00-142.00

t

150

202 .00 -2 47 .00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

55

$

140

and
u n d er
90

67

i

$

130

_

3
3

2

1

'

‘

4

4

-

-

-

-

1
1

8

2

6

-

u

4
7

-

2

12

10
5
8

12

11

1

3

1

3

5

i

2

6

3

4

4

2

6
2

8
8

4
4

15
9
6

2
2

2
2

4

u

3
8

2

5

8

8

A

-

i

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

“

"

“

~

2

9
T a b le A -3 .

O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r se l e c t e d oc c up a t io ns studied on an a r e a b a s i s b y in du st r y di v is i o n , Ok la ho m a Cit y, Okla., July 1970)

Aeae
vrg

Average

O ccu p a tion and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly

Weekly
erig 1
anns
( tnad (tna d
sadr] sad r )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLEKS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOCKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

25

AO •0 118.50

48

35

39.5
39.5

25

84.00 TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
93.50 GENERAL ----------------------82.00
NONMANUFACTURING ------------

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

35

AO •0
AO .0
40.0
40.0

SECRETARIES ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

1,194
267
927
146

40.0
4C.0
AO .0
40.0

75.50 TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------80.00
MANUFACTURING --------------74.50
NONMANUFACTURING -----------78.50
TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------114.00
NONMANUFACTURING -----------118.00
113.00
132.50
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------

175

AO .0

78.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

380
48
332
96

40.0
AO .0
40.0
40.0

126.00
126.50
126.00
145.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

757
118
639
128

40.0 90.50
40.0 94.50
40.0 89.50
40.0 107.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —

47
44

39.5
39.5

93.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING —

230
39
191

39.5
40.0
39.5

79.00
87.50
77.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —

307
300

39.5
39.5

70.50
70.00

CLERKS, ORDER ----NONMANUFACTURING

183
164

40.0 107.50
AO .0 106.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL --MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

121

49
72

40.0 104.00
40.0 98.50
39.5 107.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING —

155
51
104

AO .0 97.00
AO •0 104.50
39.5 9A.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----

262
78
184
26

AO .0 97.00
40.0 98.50
AO .0 96.50
40.0 128.50

See foo tno te at end of tables,




STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

39.5 142.50
39.5 139.00 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ------40.0 121.00
40.0 126.50 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
AO.O 119.00
NONMANUFACTURING ------40.0 163.00
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
40.0 115.50
NONMANUFACTURING ------AO.O 115.50
40.0 115.50 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
40.0 132.00 BUSINESS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING ------40.0 100.50
40.0 104.00 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
39.5 99.50 BUSINESS, CLASS 8 -------MANUFACTURING ---------AO.O 9A.50
NONMANUFACTURING ------40.0 96.00
AO.O 9A .00 COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
40.0 103.50 BUSINESS, CLASS A --------

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

40.0 112.50 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------AO.O 112.50
MANUFACTURING ---------40.0 110.50
NONMANUFACTURING -------

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS B --NONMANUFACTURING -------------

40.5
40.5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

40.0
AO.O
AO.O

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

Number
o
f

We
e kly W ekly
e
hus1
or
(tna d (tna d
sad r ) sad r )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
40.0
40.0
39.5

40.0 104.50

82.50
83.00

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

312
54
258

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

•*
t
o
o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

Weekly
anns
hus 1 erig 1
or
( t n a d (tna d
s a d r ) sad r )
Weekly

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

76.50 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------74.50
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------88.00
87.50 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------88.50
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------

101
85

39.5
39.0

$
85.50
86.00

201
68
133

39.5
AO.O
39.5

87.00
93.50
84.00

495
430

39.5
39.5

76.00
76.00

42
35

40.0 148.CO
39.5 149.50

80
58

40.0 137.50
40.0 139.00

56
47

39.5 106.00
39.5 101.50

47
39

40.0 210.00
39.5 211.00

59
25
3A

40.0 173.50
40.0 195.00
AO.O 157.50

A9

AO.O 226.50

76
37
39

AO.O 190.00
40.0 193.OC
AO.O 187.50

132
69
63

AO.O 152.50
AO.O 153.00
AO.O 152.00

82
37
45

AO.O 125.00
AO.O 123.50
AO.O 126.CO

10

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c up atio ns

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , O k lah om a C ity , O kla. , J u ly 1970)
Hourly earnings^

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly earn in gs o f—

*
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

workers

Median2

Middle range 2

S

t

%

%

$

t

3.3 0

3.6 0

3.70

3 .8 0

4.0 0

$

3.1 0

•40

$

2.9 0

$
3 .5 0

$

2 .7 0

t
3 .2 0

t

2 .6 0

t
3.0 0

$

2.5 0

1
2.8 0

$

2 .3 0

*
2 .4 0

$

2.2 0

4 .2 0

4.4 0

4.6 0

4.8 0

5 .0 0

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2.6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 0

3.1 0

3 .2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 C

.50

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3.80

4.0 0

4.2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4.8 0

5 .0 0

over

-

—

—

1

~

4
4

2

4
4

“

2
2

2
“

6
6

—

2

10
10

1
1

2

-

$

$

and
under
2.3 0

MEN
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

34
29

$
4.0 3
4 .1 5

$
4.0 1
4.0 5

$
3 .4 9 3 .5 4 -

$
4 .9 3
4 .9 5

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

72
43
29

3 .7 3
3.8 9
3.5 0

3.7 6
3 .7 7
3 .7 3

3 .2 3 3 .2 9 2 .8 5 -

4.2 7
4.2 7
4.2 8

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

104
69

3 .1 6
2 .7 9

2.7 8
2 .7 3

2 .7 1 2 .5 5 -

3.7 6
2 .7 8

5
5

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------

34

4.0 2

4 .1 5

3 .8 3 -

500
55
445
411

3.7 0
3 .3 8
3 .7 4
3.7 5

3 .8 6
3 .2 9
4 .1 1
4 .1 3

2 .8 6 2 .8 9 2 .8 6 2 .8 6 -

4.5 3
3.7 5
4.5 3
4.5 4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------

137
106

3 .7 6
3.6 2

3 .8 4
3.6 4

3 .3 0 3 .2 3 -

4 .2 5
3 .9 4

-

-

5

-

-

5

*

5

“

“

14
14

-

35
35

“

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




-

5

1
1

2
-

4.2 7

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

-

-

-

5
1

*
4
4

-

4
1
1

1
-

_

_
-

-

-

9
9
9

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

6
6
-

-

1
1
-

14
11
3

"

1
1

2
1
1

20

1
-

-

1
1

”

24
3

1
1

3

-

1
1

7

-

i

2

1

1

-

3

-

-

7

3

14

15
8

58
2
56
56

6

i

-

5
1

164
164

10
5

33

1

10

1

123
5
118
118

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

18
5
13
13

11
5
6

3

1

34
2
32
18

_

1
1

1
1

17
17

4
4

12
12

_

7

9

6
6

6

27

3

27

6
6

6
6

7

9

7

-

1

9
ii

2

38
3
35
28

2
2

_

-

”

2

*

2

*

10
10
-

—

_

_
.

164

6
6
-

4

*

-

-

3

4

4
-

3
3

_
-

-

-

_

11
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , O k la h om a C it y , O k la. , J u ly 1970)

H u l erig ^
o r y anns

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t -t i m e

$
i
$
S
t
t
$
s
s
$
$
%
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.AO 2.50 2.60 2.70

$

i

3 .00

3 . 2 0 3 . AO 3 . 6 0

S
and
1.60 u nd er
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.AO 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

3 .20

3 . AO 3 . 6 0

Number
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

wres
okr

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

282
96

Mean2 Median2 M d l r n ec
i d e ag

$
2.03
2.A7

$
1.80
2.56

$
$
1.69- 2.20
1.69- 3.03

-

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

A2

1.83

1.68

1.6A- 1.79

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL I T I E S -------------------------

813
149
66 A
70

1.87
2.25
1.79
2.29

1.76
2.07
1.70
2.26

1.661.871.652.20-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

873
377
496

2.6A
2.A2
2.82

2.73
2.39
2.78

2.07- 2.99
1.96- 2.80
2.70- 3.20

-

ORDER FILLERS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

57A
1A6
A28

2.95
2.95
2.95

3.25
2.87
3.A8

2.35- 3.55
2.50- 3.05
2.17- 3.55

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

172
113
59

2.65
2.66
2.6A

2.67
2.67
2.68

2.A2- 2.95
2.AA- 2.90
2.13- 3.0A

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

65
25
AO

3.08
2.98
3.1A

3.03
2.96
3.29

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

A2
26

2.93
3.03

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

51
36

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UT IL I T I E S --------------------

2.0A
2.81
1.88
2.A3

75
26

66
7

32
~

16
~

9
1

15
6

8
“

5
5

1
”

10
6

-

”

10
10

10
10

11

-

26

7

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

*

6

310
2
308
-

120
12
108
-

10A
33
71

31
15
16
6

56
18
38
3

2A
3
21
9

39
9
30
29

9
4
5
3

35
11
2A
10

9
3
6
6

3
3
2

3
1
2

57
A1
16

23
3
20

7
~
7

90
88
2

57
22
35

19
11
8

1
1

27
27

AO
31
9

19
9
10

35
27
8

198
23
175

A8
46

61
7
5A

A7

35
9
26

49
49

-

2

38
11
27

48

~

2A

17
6
11

18
6
12

6

15
15
~

17
7
10

ii
ii
“

8
8

16
16

27
27

1A
1A

202

16

-

-

6

20
10
10

fc8

-

27

-

-

-

68

10
6
4

7
3
A

3
3
*

6
6
*

35
28
7

6
6

13
7

5
5

22
22

26
16
10

19
9
10

1

-

~

8

-

7

-

-

-

-

5

7
3

-

-

-

*

7

5
2
3

5
5

7

8
8
-

7

-

*

-

4

2
1
1

_

9
2

-

-

-

A
4

-

3

2
2

11
11

3

-

8
8

1A
1A
13
10

16
4
12
12

-

33

9

-

-

~

33

9

2A

_
-

3

7

-

-

3

7

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

27

-

2.72- 3.63
2.68- 3.18
2.75- 3.67

-

-

3.05
3.11

2.59- 3.3A
2.67- 3.19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2.61
2.77

2.59
2.96

2.28- 3.07
2.51- 3.13

-

-

_

-

-

A

4

~

*

6
6

_

7
“

3
3

2
2

“

3
3

1,307
283
1,02A
537

3.49
3.17
3.58
A.23

3.50
3.A3
3.6A
A.AA

2.772.792.77A.AO-

A.A2
3.A7
A.AA
A.A7

_

-

21
6
15

16
16

31
18
13

20
1A
6

3
3
-

21
7
1A
1

10
8
2
1

183
4
179
”

44
6
38
2

6

-

1A
11
3

11

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

102
81

2.A3
2.A8

2.A5
2.5A

2.08- 2.BA
2.12- 2.85

_

_

3

35

”

~

l
~

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UT IL I T I E S --------------------

792
62
730
A65

3.5A
2.A8
3.63
A.23

3.57
2.35
3.70

_

_

-

~

A.AA

2.7A2.252.76A.AO-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

222
213

3.78
3.83

3.66
3.67

3.62- A.AO
3.63- A.A1

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

208
132
76

3.06
2.98
3.18

3.08
2.99
3.55

2.A2- 3.60
2.A2- 3.A7
3.1A- 3.62

-

123
109

1.76
1.75

1.69
1.69

1.6A- 1.79
1.6A- 1.78

2
2

*
-

-

11

_

A5
-

A5

fc

_
*

4

2
2

_

-

6
3
3

11
11

_
~

8
8

9
9

8
5

f
c
6

3
“

8
5

_

_

A5

13
6

7
-

_

13

2

175

9
6

5

A5

7

7

23
15
8

1A

-

2
1

175
”

3

2
2

8

-

0

5
4

-

~

~

“

8
8

~

67
59

26
26

3
3

7

-

-

35

~

4

1A

9
i

22
22

2
2

2
2

-

18

18

15
15

2

-

6
6

-

2

3

5

3

3

_

3
3

_
~

4
4

_
”

10
10

_

_

_

i

-

-

1

13
10
3

3

-

21
21

*
26
26

~

16

-

9

-

-

-

i

~

-

~

2

1

202

15

~

15

2

1

3

-

“
-

“

3
3

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

"

"

_

263
181
82
73

_

~

1

~

163
23

2
2

18

12
1
11
11

73

73

18
8

1
1

_
_

A 19

-

A19

1

-

“

1
1

_

_

_

1 A3

-

-

1
1

9

-

9

IA3

3
3

10
10

25
22

1
1

44

23

-

12
32

23

-

-

-

_

~

73

-

~

163

_

3

W
OMEN




$

3 . 8 0 A.CC A . 2 0 A.AO A . 6 0

2A
2A
*

-

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .

*

3 . 8 C A . 0 0 A . 2 0 A.AO

8

_
-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

t

8

11

*

A.A5
2.89
A.A5
A.A7

$

t

26
26

-

"

363
363

12

Footnotes

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n the r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n t h e r a t e s h o w n . T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n th e h i g h e r r a t e .
3 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .




Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t to e s t a b l is h m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n if i c a n t ly f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
t o e x c l u d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il li n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a lly in v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b il li n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s
a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a ll y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d it s lip s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r ib u t io n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n der g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c co u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g t o o n e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r ib u t io n ; and r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , a n d
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d ir e c t c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i le s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s “ o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l ou t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COM PTOM ETER

OPERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH O PE R A TO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d i t io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s o n th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s t o b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t i o n on th e d o c u m e n t t o d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t i o n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M a y t r a in
in e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; and p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h is j o b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t is fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b il li n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :

13

14
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

C la s s B.
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta t o b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e and im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

BOY

OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m in o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a tu r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
N ot a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; ( c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ic h the d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ic h in v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n if i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a ll c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g the f o l lo w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
a ll , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 but f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

a ll ,

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d is u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r t w o ; or^
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s
t o the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 bu t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a ­
t i o n s ! e t c . ) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or




e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

C la s s

e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any c o m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STENO G RAPH ER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )

STENOGRAPHER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h and o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r it t e n
cop y.
M a y a l s o s e t up and m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y than s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; and a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g f o l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g and r o u t in g in c o m in g m a il ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s t o
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m li m i t e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d t o a n o t h e r o p e r a t o r . )

15
SWITCHBOARD

O PE R A T O R -R E C E P TIO N IS T

TABU LATING -M ACH IN E

In a d d i t io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s it io n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t and m a y a l s o t y pe o r p e r f o r m ro u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k as p a r t o f r e g u l a r
du ties.
T h i s ty pi ng o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t ak e the m a j o r pa rt o f this w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h i l e at
sw itchboard.

O P E R A T O R — Co n t i n u ed

Class C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e ta b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s su c h a s the
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u nc h, c o l l a t o r , e t c . , with s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in cl u d e s i m p l e
w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and s o m e fi li n g w o r k .
The w ork ty pica lly in volves portion s of a w ork
uni t, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g ru n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T RAN SCRIBIN G -M ACH IN E

T A BU LA TIN G -M ACH IN E

OPERATOR,

GENERAL

OPERATOR

Class A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c l u d i n g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s the t a b u l a t o r ,
calcu lator,
i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , and o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o ut c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w i r i n g as r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta bu l at i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h o ft e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u i r i n g s o m e p la nn in g and s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e ta ke n. A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s and d a y - t o da y s u p e r v i s i o n o f the w o r k and p r o d u c t i o n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t ta b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s the
t a b u l a t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t io n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o l l a t o r .
T h i s w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s and m a y in c lu d e the p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d ia g r a m s . The w ork typically in vo lve s ,
for ex a m p le , tabulations
in v o l v i n g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e but s m a l l ta bu l at i n g st u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r and m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S uc h r e p o r t s and s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u re w h e r e the p r o ­
ce d u re s are w ell establish ed.
M a y a l s o i n c l u d e the t r a i n i n g o f ne w e m p l o y e e s in the b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f the m a c h i n e .

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
transcribing-m achine rec ord s.
M a y a l s o t y pe f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y and do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y su c h as le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c l u d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
hand o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
TYPIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a ve b e e n m a d e by a n o t h e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e ty p i n g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s .
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g lit tle s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , su c h
as k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g and d i s t r i b u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l .
Class A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in fin al f o r m w h e n it
in volves com b in in g m a te r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ility for c o r r e c t sp elling,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , pu n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r un us ua l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
and pl a n n in g la y o u t and t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y t ype r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to sui t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p i n g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
ro u t i n e t y p i n g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; and se t t i n g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COM PU TER OPE RATO R

COM PU TER PROGRAM ER,

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p and o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t io n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; A p p l ie s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
i n v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s and d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t io n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter o p e r a to r s

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N ew p r o g r a m s a r e fr e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; the
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o that id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n ot b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n and g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l is h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is li t t le o r n o t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s ;

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith fr e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l is h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n

to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d t o a s s i s t .

16
COMPUTER

PROGRAMER,

CO M PU TE R SYSTEMS A N A LYST,

BUS INES S ---- C o n t i n u e d

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x dat a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A. W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y on r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s and r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n and g u id a n c e
on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , and to i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i n e m e n t with the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

OR

C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l l y
of a single a ctivity.
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p and ex p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in the a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y st .

W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
level p r o g r a m e r o r su p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t higher le v e l p r o g r a m e r b y independently p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
direction.
M a y g u id e o r

in struct lo w e r

level p r og ra m ers.

DRAFTSMAN
Class A .
P l a n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s ha v i n g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t with the d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on the d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c t i o n , and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n t s and p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
May
either p r e p a r e dr a w in gs , o r d i r e c t their p r e p a ra tio n by lo w e r le v e l draftsm en .

Class C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the
a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n f o r m a n c e with
required proced ures.

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS A N A L Y ST ,

BU SIN ESS

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t i n e and c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s that r e q u i r e the a p p l i ­
c a t i o n o f m o s t o f the s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w i n g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u se d .
Duties ty p ica lly i n ­
v olv e such w o r k as;
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s with i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , and p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d i n g i n c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , and r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
data p r o c e s s i n g e q u i p m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b l e
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d and i d e n t i f i e s c o n d i t i o n s and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s to
be u s e d ; o u t l i n e s a c t i o n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k and
data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f
new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u i p m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a i n m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . ( N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b ot h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m i n g s h o u l d b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f th is is the s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e un it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a nufa cturing , or r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of draw in gs p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o je c tio n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n t s and c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S ug gested m eth od s of a p p r o a c h , applicab le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a re le s s co m p le te when a ssign m e n ts re c u r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

D o e s not i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with
sc ien tific o r engineering p r o b le m s .
For

wage

st ud y p u r p o s e s ,

system s

analysts

are

classified

as

D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

follow s;

Class A .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
i n v o l v i n g all p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f input dat a and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f output da ta. ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h i c h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t ype is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h the fu l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
and a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y the c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the da ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f da ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
Makes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t i o n s , if n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s and f o r
o b t a i n in g e q u i p m e n t .
M ay p r o v id e functional
assist.

direction

to l o w e r

level

system s

analysts who are

assigned

to

Class B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s that a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , pl a n , p r o g r a m , and o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f inp ut data a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and the outpu t da ta a r e c l o s e l y
related.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a ban k ,

M A IN T E N A N C E
CARPENTER,

C o p i e s p l a n s and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s no t i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s and a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n . )
and/or
P rep a res sim ple
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
NURSE,

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u il d i n g
w o o d w o r k and e q u i p m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ; P la n n in g
and l a y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a v a r i e t y

or

repetitive

drawings

of e asily v isu alized

item s.

W ork

is

closely

supervised

INDUSTRIAL (R egistered )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to il l o r
i n j u r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r an a c c i d e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o l v e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
G i v i n g f i r s t aid
to the i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a tte n di n g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p i n g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s and h ea lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l i c a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; and pl a n n in g and c a r r y ­
ing ou t p r o g r a m s i n v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f pl a nt e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a f e t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l .

AND

M A IN TEN AN CE




BUS INES S— C o n t i n u e d

m a i n t a i n i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e
the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n the i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the
da ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p l ie d .

Class B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t l y o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r seg m en ts) usually
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e da t a in t w o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
and l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d i t i o n s to o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m input da ta w h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i le n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data h a ve b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o that the a c c u r a c y and s e q u e n c i n g
o f data c a n b e t e s t e d b y u si n g a fe w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , the p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
routine r e c o r d -k e e p in g type op e r a tio n s.

POW ERPLANT

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — Continued

o f c a r p e n t e r ' 8 h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k i n g
s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r the w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

17
ELECTRICIAN,

M A IN TEN AN CE

MECHANIC,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t i o n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u i p m e n t f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a ny o f a v a r i e t y o f
e le c t r i c a l equipment such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , sw itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , cir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , he a t in g u n i t s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g and d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in the
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m or equipm ent; w ork in g standard com p u tation s relating to load re q u ir e m e n ts of
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t ; and u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o l s and m e a s u r i n g and
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
ing and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and
e xperien ce.
ENGINEER,

S TATIO N ARY

O p e r a t e s and m a i n t a i n s an d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s and
e q u i p m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p l y th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , or a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in volves:
O p e r a t i n g and m a i n t a i n i n g e q u i p m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g i n e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g an d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k i n g e q u i p m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , an d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
May a lso su­
p e r v is e these op er a tion s.
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one
engineer are e x clu d e d .
F IREM AN ,

STATIO N ARY

BOILER

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h the e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
or steam .
F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y han d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a t e r and s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .
HELPER,

M A IN TENAN CE

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h as k e e p i n g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w it h m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ;
c l e a n i n g . w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h i n e , and e q u i p m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; and p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k i l l e d t a s k s as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e ki nd o f w o r k the
h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is c o n ­
f i n e d t o s u p p l y i n g , li f t i n g , and h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s and c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in
o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-tim e b as is.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O PE R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h i n e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a ch in e -sh o p tools, gages, jig s , fixtu res, or dies.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n ­
ning and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d se t u p s
o r a high d e g r e e of a c c u r a c y ; using a v a r ie t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts; s e le ctin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n to
a chieve requisite to le r a n c e s o r d im en sion s.
M a y be r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s and c ut t in g and l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
i n d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l and d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
MACHINIST,

M A IN TENAN CE

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s and ne w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s and s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p l a n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e
t o o l s ; sh a pi n g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a c h i n i n g ; k n o w l e d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u i p m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r hi s w o r k ;
and fi t t in g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

MECHANIC,

AUTOM OTIVE

(M aintenance)

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t i v e e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u i p m e n t and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s as
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u i p m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g and a d j u s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and i n s t a l li n g




AUTOM OTIVE

(M aintenance)— Continued

the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; and a lin in g w h e e l s ,
a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s and l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n i n g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the a u t o m o t i v e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
MECHANIC,

M AIN TENAN CE

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in volves m ost
o f the f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s and m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y in v o l v e the u se
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g and fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g the p r o d u c t i o n of a r e p l a c e m e n t pa rt b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f the
m achin e to a m a chin e shop for m a jo r r e p a ir s ; prepa rin g w ritten sp ecific a tion s fo r m a jo r rep a irs
o r f o r the p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h i n e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r
e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t i e s i n v o l v e se t t i n g up o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .
MILLW RIGHT
I n s t a l l s new m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u i p m e n t , and d i s m a n t l e s and i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r
h e a v y e q u i p m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in the plant la y o ut a r e r e q u i r e d .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l ­
low in g :
P l a n n i n g and l a y i n g out o f the w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; us i n g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li n in g and b a l a n c i n g o f e q u i p m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u i p m e n t , and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and i n s t a l l i n g and m a in t a in i n g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t s u c h as d r i v e s and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
OILER
L u b r i c a t e s , w it h o i l o r
e q u i p m e n t o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
PAINTER,

grease,

the

m oving

parts

or w earing

surfaces

of m echanical

M AIN TENAN CE

P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in­
v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s and t y p e s o f pai nt r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o l d f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g pu tty o r f i l l e r
in na il h o l e s and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p l y in g paint w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
May m ix co lo rs , oils,
w h it e l e a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
PIPE FITTE R ,

M A IN TENAN CE

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e and p i p e f i t t i n g s in an
establishm ent.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L a y i n g out o f w o r k and m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f pi pe f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c ut t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pi pe
to c o r r e c t l e n g t h s w it h c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d ­
ing pi p e w it h s t o c k s and d i e s ; b e n d i n g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w it h c o u p l i n g s and f a s t e n i n g p i p e to h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r
finished pipes m eet s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b u il d i n g s a n i t a ­
t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUMBER,

M A IN TEN AN CE

K e e p s the p l u m b i n g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k i n v o l v e s : K n o w l e d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n t s and t r a p s in p l u m b i n g s y s t e m ; in s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s and f i x t u r e s ; and o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r ' s s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
SH E E T-M E T A L

WORKER,

M AIN TENAN CE

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l e q u i p m e n t and f i x ­
tu res (such as m a ch in e g u ards, g r e a s e pans, s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , tanks, v e n tila to r s, chu tes, ducts,
m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n i n g and la y in g
out a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g all a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f

18
SH E ET-M ETAL

WORKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E ---- C o n t i n u e d

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R — Co n t i n u e d

h a n d t o o l s in c ut t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , fi t t in g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s t a l li n g s h e e t m etal a r t ic le s as req u ired .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(Di e

m aker;

jig

m aker;

tool m a ker;

fixture

m aker;

gage m a ker)

C o n s t r u c t s and r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h i n g , and o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l and w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

C U S T O D IA L A N D

W atchm an.
M a k e s ro u n d s
the ft, and i l l e g a l e n t r y .
PORTER,

OR

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t hi s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

of p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

property

a g a in s t f i r e ,

in

tool

and di e j o b b i n g

CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i n c o m i n g s h i p ­
ments of m erch an d ise or other m a teria ls.
S h i pp in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f the g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t i n g w e ig h t and sh i p p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p i n g a fi l e o f s h i p p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m ent.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in t a in i n g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .
F o r wage

st u d y p u r p o s e s ,

R eceivin g clerk
S h i pp i n g c l e r k
S hi pp in g and r e c e i v i n g

w orkers

are

classified

as follow s:

clerk

TRUCKDRIVER

M A T E R IA L HANDLING

( L o a d e r and u n l o a d e r ; h a n d l e r and s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h ousem an or w areh ou se helper)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g pl a nt , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u ti e s i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d i n g and u n l o a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; and t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e rc h a n d is e by handtruck, c a r, or w h e e lb a rro w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and un l o a d s h i p s a r e
excluded.
ORDER

die m a k e rs

charwom an; janitress)

C l e a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d i t i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o l v e
a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , and p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s and m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

t o o l and

SHIPPING AN D REC EIVING C L E R K

Guard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r at f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g
o r d e r , u si n g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d at g at e
and c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s and o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .

(S w eeper;

shops

M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

GUARD AND W ATCHMAN

JANITOR,

u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l and d i e m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
st a n di n g o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; se t t i n g up and o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h i n e t o o l s and r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , and t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l as o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s and d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g and a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h i n a c i t y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
equipm ent, or m en b etw een v a r io u s types o f e sta b lis h m en ts such as: M anufacturing plants, freight
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e an d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' houses or places of busin ess.
M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n l o a d t r u c k w it h o r w it ho ut h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e -r o a d driv e rs are ex clu d e d .
F o r w a g e st ud y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and t y pe
as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u l d b e r a t e d o n the b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )

of equipm ent,

F IL L ER

(O rder

picker;

stock

selector; warehouse

stockman)

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
to f i ll in g o r d e r s and in d ic a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d i t io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T ru c k d r iv e r (com bination of siz e s listed separately)
T r u c k d r i v e r , ligh t ( u n d e r 1V2 to ns)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( l v 2 to and i n c lu d in g 4 t o ns )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty pe)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r than t r a i l e r ty pe)

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POWER

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h i p p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t up on the t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f
units to b e p a c k e d , the t ype o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t .
W o r k r e q u i r e s the
p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in sh i p p in g c o n t a i n e r s and m a y i n v o l v e o ne o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l ­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e and s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; and a p p l y in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t if y i n g
data on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O perates a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
establishm ent.

m anually co n tr o lle d
g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k i n d s abo ut a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g pl a nt , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k ,
Trucker,
Trucker,

power
power

(f o r k l i f t )
( o t h e r than fo r k l i f t )

as f o l l o w s :

Available On Request---The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the inside front cover.

Abilene, Tex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Amarillo, Tex.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Billings, Mont.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville, Term., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
Durham, N.C.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick-Hagerstown, M d .-P a .-W . Va.
Great Falls, Mont.
Greensboror-Winston-Salem^High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Hartford, Conn.
Huntsville, Ala.

Copies of public releases are

Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.
Lynchburg, Va.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
New London—
Groton—
Norwich, Conn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Portsmouth, N.H.—Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Monterey, Calif.
Santa Barbara, Calif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Valdosta, Ga.
Vallejo—
Napa, Calif.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

The tenth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
tracers, job analysts, directors of personnal, buyers, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1654, National Survey of
Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1969, 75 cents a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D . C . , 20402, or any of its regional sales offices.







Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

Area
.____
Akron, Ohio, July 1969 1__________________________ ?
Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N.Y., Feb. 1970__________
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 19701___________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1970*_
Atlanta, Ga., May 1970 1_______________________________
Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1969_____________________________
Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange, Tex., May 1970------Binghamton, N.Y., July 1969__________________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1970_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1969__________________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1969--------------------------------------------Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1969 _______________________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1970_____________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1970 1______________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1970 1----------------------------------Charlotte, N.C., Mar. 19701 ---------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1969___________________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1969 1______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohicr—
Ky.—Ind., Feb. 1970_________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969____________________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1969________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1969 1_____________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969_______________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969*____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970 1 ________________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1970_____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1969___________________________
Green Bay, Wis., July 1970 1---------------------------------------Greenville, S.C., May 1970___________________________ _
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1970______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969___________________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1970_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1969_________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Sept. 1969___________________
Lawrence—Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1970*_______
Little Rockr-North Little Rock, Ark., July 1969______
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnarGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1970____________________
Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 19701____________________________
Manchester, N.H., July 1970 1 ________________________
Memphis, Ten n.-Ark., Nov. 1969 1 ___________________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1969------------------------------------------------Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1970 1 _______________
Milwaukee, Wis., May 19701__________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 19701 _____________

Bulletin number
and price
1625-89,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660-1 1,
1660-84,
1660-5,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
45 cents
45 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
65 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660—
IQ,
1660-82,
1660-2,

35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
50 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary w ag e provisions are also presented.




Area
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., June 19701____
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1970 1____________
_________________________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1970 1
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1970___________________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1969_____________________________
Norfolk^Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1970 1 ------------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1970_______________________
Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa, Sept. 1969________________________
Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., May 1969___________
Philadelphia, P a.-N .J., Nov. 1969 1___________________
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 19701____________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19701____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1969 1 __________________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1970 1___________________
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— a s s .,
M
May 1970-----------------------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1969_______________________________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 19701____________________________
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only),
July 1969 ___ ____________________________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1970 1 _____________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1970_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1969 1---------------------------------San Antonio, Tex., May 1970___________________________
San Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1969-----------------------------------------------------------------------San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1969* _________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1969 1___________
San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1969 1 __________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1970 1_____________________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1970 1_____________________________
Seattle—Everett, Wash., Jan. 1970_____________________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Sept. 1969________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1970*__________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1970 1 ___________________________
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1969_____________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1969 1 _____________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 1970-------------------------------------Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1969______________________________
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1969 __________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., Sept. 1969 1______________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1970 1________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 1970_____________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1970 1 ____________________________
Worcester, Mass., May 19701 ________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1970 1__________________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1969 1_______________

Bulletin number
and price
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
60 cents

1660-59,
1685-5,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
60 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
40 cents

1660-72,
1660-6,
1660-65,

30 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1660-4,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WAS HING TO N, D.C.

20212

OFFI CI AL BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

FIRST CLASS M A IL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102