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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e L ittle R o c k —N o rth Little R o c k , A rk a n s a s ,
M etro p o lita n A re a , July 1 9 7 0

Bulletn
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

1 6 8 5 -1

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES
ALASKA

New Y ork, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 F ilb ertS t.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas C ity.
••
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e L ittle R o c k —N o rth L ittle R o c k , A rk a n s a s ,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , J u ly 1 9 7 0
B u lle tin 1685-1
October 1970
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U 5 . Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 35 cents




P re fa c e

C o n te n ts
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups____________________
T ables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied______________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods________________

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents the survey results. After completion of all
of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, two
summary bulletins are issued. The first brings data for
each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin.
The second presents information which has been projected
from individual metropolitan area data to relate to geo­
graphic regions and the United States.




4
6

A. Occupational earnings:
A -1. Office occupations—
men and women_________________
7
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men__________ 9
A-3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined------------------------------------------------ 10
A-4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations_____________ 11
A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations________ 12
B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers_______________________________________
B-2. Shift differentials_______________________________
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours__________________________
B-4. Paid holidays___________________________________
B-5. Paid vacations__________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans_______________

Ninety areas currently are included in the pro­
gram. In each area, information on occupational earnings
is collected annually and on establishment practices and
supplementary wage provisions biennially.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , in July 1970. The
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the
Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of
Pulaski and Saline Counties. This study was conducted by
the Bureau’ s regional office in Dallas, Tex., under the
general direction of Boyd B. O'Neal, Assistant Regional
Director for Operations.

1
5

14
15
16
17
18
20

Appendix. Occupational descriptions___________________________ 22

NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover. )
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Little Rock area, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; local-transit operating employees; and
local truckdrivers, helpers, and allied occupations.

iii




In tr o d u c tio n
This area is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.1 In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to represent­
ative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet publi­
cation criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
allowances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours
are reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the
standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which em­
ployees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay
for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earn­
ings for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in
an area at a particular time. Comparisons of individual occupational
averages over time may not reflect expected wage changes. The
averages for individual jobs are affected by changes in wages and
employment patterns. For example, proportions of workers employed
by high- or low-wage firms may change or high-wage workers may
advance to better jobs and be replaced by new workers at lower rates.
Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average
even though most establishments in an area increase wages during
the year. Trends in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table
2, are better indicators of wage trends than individual jobs within
the groups.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A-series tables, because
either (l) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in all industries combined data,
where shown. Likewise, data are included in the overall classification
when a subclassification of secretaries or truckdrivers is not shown
or information to subclassify is not available.

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates. Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences
in progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual
rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties
performed, although the workers are classified appropriately within
the same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying
employees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those
used in individual establishments and allow for minor differences
among establishments in the specific duties performed.

1
In c lu d e d in the 9 0 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffic e o c c u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition , the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the W age and Hour D ivision of the U. S. D epartm en t of Labor.




1

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure

2

among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in
occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the
earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to plant and office workers. Data for industry divisions not
presented separately are included in the estimates for "all industries."
Administrative, executive, and professional employees, and construc­
tion workers who are utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plant workers" include working foremen and all nonsupervisory
workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice func­
tions. "Office workers" include working supervisors and nonsuper­
visory workers performing clerical or related functions. Cafeteria
workers and routemen are excluded in manufacturing industries, but
included in nonmanufacturing industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B -l) relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum
sampling techniques used, and the probability that large establish­
ments are more likely to have formal entrance rates for workers
above the subclerical level than small establishments, the table is
more-representative of policies in medium and large establishments.
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 2 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms
of workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Scheduled
weekly hours are those which a majority of full-time employees were
expected to work, whether they were paid for at straight-time or
overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and
pension plans (tables B-4 through B-6) are treated statistically on
the basis that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if
2
An establishm ent was considered as having a policy if it
ditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishm ent was .considered as having form al provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




m et either of the follow ing
form al provisions covering
if it (1) had operated late
w ritten form for operating

a majority of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for
the practices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through
B-6 may not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a formal basis; i.e., (1) are provided for
in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday and the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to a
statistical measure of vacation provisions. It is not intended as a
measure of the proportion of workers actually receiving specific bene­
fits. Provisions of an establishment for all lengths of service were
tabulated as applying to all plant or office workers of the establish­
ment, regardless of length of service. Provisions for payment on
other than a time basis were converted to a time basis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as the equiv­
alent of 1 week's pay. Only basic plans are included. Estimates
exclude vacation bonus and vacation-savings plans and those which
offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans with
qualifying lengths of service. Such exclusions are typical in the steel,
aluminum, and can industries.
Data on health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6) in­
clude those plans for which the employer pays at least a part of the
cost. Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. An establishment was considered to have a plan if
the majority of employees was eligible to be covered under the plan,
even if less than a majority elected to participate because employees
were required to contribute toward the cost of the plan. Legally
required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social security,
and railroad retirement were excluded.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured during illness or accident disability. Information is
presented for all such plans to which the employer contributes. How­
ever, in New York and New Jersey, which have enacted temporary
disability insurance laws which require employer contributions, plans
are included only if the employer (l) contributes more than is legally
required, or (2) provides the employee with benefits which exceed the
con­
requirements of the law. Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are
2
The tem porary disability laws in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.

3

limited to formal plans4 which provide full pay or a proportion of the
worker's pay during absence from work because of illness. Separate
tabulations are presented according to (l) plans which provide full pay
and no waiting period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay
or a waiting period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions
of workers who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid
sick leave, an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive
either or both types of benefits.
4
An establishm ent was considered as having a form al p lan if it established at lea st
m inim um number of days of sick le a v e a v a ila b le to each em ployee.
Such a plan n eed not be
w ritten, but inform al sick le a v e allow an ces, determ ined on an individual b asis, were excluded.




Major medical insurance includes those plans which are de­
signed to protect employees in case of sickness and injury involving
expenses beyond the coverage of basic hospitalization, medical, and
surgical plans. Medical insurance refers to plans providing for com­
plete or partial payment of doctors' fees. Dental insurance usually
covers fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Excluded are plans which
cover only oral surgery or accident damage. Plans may be under­
written by commercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations
or they may be paid for by the employer out of a fund set aside for
the this purpose. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited to
those plans that provide regular payments for the remainder of the
worker's life.

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in sc o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r stu d ied in L ittle R o c k —N o rth L ittle R o c k , A r k .,1

b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 J u ly 1 9 7 0
N um ber o f e sta b lis h m e n ts
In d u stry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s _______________________________
M an u factu rin g ---------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g_______________________________
T ra n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic atio n , and
other p ublic u t ilit ie s 5 _____________________
W h olesale t r a d e --------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e __________________________________
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _______
S e r v ic e s 8 ____________________________________

M inim um
em ploy m en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
of stu d y

W o rk ers in e sta b lis h m e n ts
Within sc o p e o f stu dy

Within sc o p e
o f study r

Studied

T o t a l4

Studied
N um ber

P lan t

P e rc e n t

O ffice
T o t a l4

_

243

96

4 8 , 786

100

32, 877

7, 118

32, 519

50

83
160

39
57

24, 641
24, 145

51
49

19, 832
13. 045

1, 679
5 ,4 3 9

18, 622
13, 897

27
32
36
34
31

12
9
15
10
11

-

50
50
50
50
50

7,
2,
6,
4,
3,

456
786
325
300
278

15
5
13
9
7

4. 267
(6)
(6)
C )

(6)

859
(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6)

6, 214
867
3. 528
1, 860
1, 428

1 The L ittle Rock— orth L ittle R ock S tan d ard M etro p o litan S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s defin ed by the B u re a u of the B u d get through Ja n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of P u la sk i and S alin e C o u n ties. The
N
" w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of stu d y " e s t im a t e s shown in th is tab le p ro v id e a r e a so n a b ly a c c u r a te d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and co m p o sitio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu ded in the su r v e y . The e s t im a te s
a r e not in ten ded, h o w ever, to s e r v e a s a b a s i s of c o m p a r iso n with other em ploy m en t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em ploy m en t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin c e (1) planning of w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s
the u se of e sta b lis h m e n t d a ta co m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in ad v an ce of the p a y r o ll p erio d stu d ied , and (2) sm a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the sc o p e of the su rv e y .
2 The 1967 ed itio n of the S tan d ard In d u stria l C la s s if ic a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In c lu d es a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loy m en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tlets (w ithin the a re a ) of co m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s t r ie s a s tr a d e , fin an c e, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e
and m otion p ictu re th e a t e r s a r e c o n sid e re d a s 1 e sta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o rk e r s ex clu d ed fro m the se p a r a t e plan t and o ffic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 A b b re v iate d to " P u b lic u t ilit ie s " in the A- and B - s e r i e s t a b le s . T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id en tal to w ater t r a n sp o r ta tio n w ere ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n i s r e p r e s e n te d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m an u fac tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S e p a r a te p resen tatio n
of d a ta fo r th is d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the follow in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n i s too s m a ll to p ro vid e enough d ata to m e r it s e p a r a t e stu dy, (2) the sam p le w as
not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e rm it s e p a r a t e p re se n ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su ffic ie n t of in ad eq u ate to p e r m it se p a r a t e p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of in dividu al
e sta b lis h m e n t d ata.
7 W ork ers fro m th is e n tire in d u stry d iv isio n a r e r e p r e se n te d in e s t im a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m an u fac tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l e sta te p ortion only in
e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S e p a r a te p re se n ta tio n of d a ta fo r th is d iv isio n i s not m ad e fo r one o r m o re of the r e a s o n s giv en in footnote 6 ab o v e.
8 H o tels and m o t e ls ; la u n d rie s and oth er p e r so n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p ark in g ; m otion p ic t u r e s ; n on profit m e m b e r sh ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (exclu din g
r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s); and e n g in eerin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




O n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e L it t l e R o c k —N o r t h L it t l e
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y
R o c k a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r i n g f i r m s
g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
I n s t r u m e n t s and r e l a t e d
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------- ___ 16
C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------- . . . . 13
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
s u p p l i e s -------------------- ------------ — _ 12
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s —___ 12
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t il e
_ 7
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------- __
L u m b e r and w o o d p r o d u c t s —___ 7
F u r n i t u r e and f i x t u r e s ----------- . . . . 6
P r i n t in g a n d p u b l is h i n g --------- . . . . 6
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t — . . . . 5

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r i e s
W a t c h e s , c l o c k s , and
w a t c h c a s e s —--------------------------I n d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a l s _________
W o m e n 's and m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r ------------------------------H o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e __________

. . . . 16
. . . . 11
___
....

6
5

T h is in f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields
the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of
the index. The percentages of change or increase relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where
shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time
period between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations
were based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate
between surveys. These estimates are measures of change in aver­
ages for the area; they are not intended to measure average pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

shows the percentage change. The index is the product of multiplying
the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding
year and continuing to multiply (compound) each year's relative by the
previous year's index.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.
Limitations of Data

Method of Computing

The indexes and percentages of change, as measures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (1) general salary and
wage changes, (2) merit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work forces. Similarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Each of the following key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate em­
ployment in the occupational group:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and wom en):
Bookkeeping-m achine
operators, class B
C lerks, accou n tin g, classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
M essengers (o ffic e boys or
girls)

O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)— S k illed m ain ten ance (m en):
Carpenters
Continued
E lectrician s
Secretaries
M achinists
Stenographers, gen eral
M echanics
Stenographers, senior
M echanics (au tom otive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Painters
A and B
P ipefitters
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
Tool and die m akers
class B
Typists, classes A and B
U nskilled plan t (m en):
Jan itors, porters, and
Industrial nurses (m en and
cleaners
wom en):
Laborers, m a teria l handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group were totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years
were related by dividing the aggregate for the later year by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The resultant relative, less 100 percent,




5

6




T a b le

2.

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d

w e e k ly s a la r ie s

and

s t r a ig h t-tim e

h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

in

L ittle R o c k —N o r th L ittle R o c k , A rk ., J u ly 1 9 7 0 a n d J u ly 1 9 6 9 , an d p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
A ll in d u s t r ie s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en an d
w om en)

In d u s tr ia l
n u rses
(m en and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in te n a n c e
trad es
(m en)

M a n u fa ctu rin g
U n sk ille d
p lan t
w o rk ers
(m en)

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u str ia l
n u rses
(m en and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in te n a n c e
trad es
(m en)

U n sk ille d
p lan t
w ork ers
(m en)

( !)
C )

120.3
114.4

120.5
111.5

(*)
(* )

153.3
127.5

152.7
126.6

In d e x e s ( J u ly 1967=100)
J u ly 1 9 7 0 _________________________________________
J u ly 1 9 6 9 _________________________________________

117.1
111.7

([)

t 1)

121.4
113.5

119.4
112.5

118.0
112.1

In d e x e s (A ug u st 1960=100)
J u ly 1 9 7 0 _________________________________________
J u ly 1 9 6 7 _________________________________________

150.0
128.2

(J)
C)

1 5 8 .4
130.4

153.7
128.8

152.6
1 29.3

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
J u ly 1969 to J u ly 1 9 7 0 ___________________________
J u ly 1968 to J u ly 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
J u ly 1967 to J u ly 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
A u g u st 1966 to J u ly 1967:
11-m on th i n c r e a s e ____________________________
A n n u al r a t e of i n c r e a s e -----------------------------

4 .8
5 .3
6.1

(>
()
n

7 .0
3.6
9.6

6.1
5.5
6 .6

5 .3
5.3
6 .5

(* )
()
()

5 .2
3.5
10.5

8.1
3.8
7 .4

4 .9
5 .4

(l)

4 .7
5.1

7.2
7.9

4.7
5.1

(* )

(?)

4 .5
4 .9

6.1
6 .7

A u g u st
A u g u st
A u g u st
A u g u st
A u g u st
A u g u st

3.5
3.2
3.7
2.7
4 .9
2 .4

5.8
4 .9
2 .4
1.8
3.4
4.1

1.4
6 .3
1.8
3.0
3.1
3.0

2.9
2.7
2.6
3.7
4 .5
5.0

7 .0
2.5
2.8
2.1
2.6
3.3

5.5
2.0
1.4
3.6
2.4
3.1

1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
1960

to
to
to
to
to
to

A u g u st
A u g u st
A u g u st
A u g u st
A u g u st
A u g u st

1 9 6 6 _____________________
1 9 6 5 ---------------------1 9 6 4 ---------------------------1 9 6 3 ---------------------------1 9 6 2 ---------------------------1 9 6 1 ----------------------------

{ !>
(>
)
( )
(*)

(J)

( )
(
)
(M

1 D a ta do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

N O T E : P r e v io u s ly p u b lish e d in d e x e s fo r the L it t le R o ck — o rth L it t le R o c k a r e a u se d A u g u st 1960
N
a s the b a s e p e r io d . T h ey c a n b e c o n v e r te d to the new b a s e p e r io d b y d iv id in g th em by the c o r r e s p o n d in g
in d e x n u m b e r s fo r J u ly 1967 on the A u g u st 1960 b a s e p e r io d a s show n in the t a b le . (T h e r e s u l t sh o u ld
be m u ltip lie d b y 100.)

7

A.

O c c u p a t i o n a l ear ni ngs

T a b l e A -1 .

O f fic e o c c u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,
Weekly e amings 1
( stand ard)
Number

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
(standard)

M*1" 2

Median ^

Middle range2

$

i

t

%

$

$

*

$

»

$

I

$

i

t

s

%

$

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

115

1 20

125

130

1 40

150

160

170

180

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

10
10

-

1
1

7
7

8
3

-

4
4

3
1

2

-

9
6

1
“

2

-

1

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

4

2

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

5
1
4

6
6

2
2

-

-

MEN
$
$
7 8 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

5
5

CLERKS, ORDER ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----

50
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

’, 0 , . , 0
9 6 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOVS)
NONMANUFACTURING ----

31
30

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

7 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

_

6
6

10
10

3
3

6
6

5
5

1

TA6ULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------

15

4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0

9 5 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

i

2

-

5

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

34
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 0 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

6 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

6 4 .5 0 - 7 4 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 - 7 2 .0 0

10
10

12
12

5
5

i
i

3

3

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------

16

3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0

8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

-

3

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING-------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

78
15
63

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 - 9 1 .5 0
7 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
7 0 . 0 0 - 8 9 .5 0

_

3

13

-

-

-

3

13

6
4
2

12

8

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

130
26
104

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0

-

_

-

1

1

10

-

-

~

~

-

-

-

1

1

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

4 57
92
365

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

8 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0

_

22
3
19

43
3
40

73
7
66

46
4

2

WOMEN

3
-

4

-

1

12

8

-

-

12
1
ii

18
4
14

2
2

8
2
6

16
6
10

20
4
16

19
6
13

18
1
17

8
i
7

8

10
90
13
77

45
5
40

46
16
30

15
10
5

27
7
20

12
11
1

10
10

25
25

1
i

-

2
2

-

-

2

-

5

i
i

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

FILE, CLASS A

19

3 9 .0

9 7 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

1

i

7

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
NONPANUFACTURING

88
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 -

8 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

-

9

16
15

17
17

23
23

8
2

ii
7

2
2

-

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS c
NONMANUFACTURING

79
75

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 -

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

4
4

8
8

20

28
26

9
7

37

4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0

8 5 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 -

9 1 .0 0

-

-

2

5

1

10

9

6

i

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
2

10
9
i

5
5

4

12
2
10

4
-

-

1
1
-

4
4

9
9

12
8

2

3

3
3

4

6
6

14
14

-

-

-

-

3

-

3

5

10
10

CLERKS, ORDER --------------

4
4

2

3

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

55
31
24

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
8 6 . 0 0 - 9 9 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----NONMANUFACTURING -------

36
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

8 2 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
7 6 . 5 0 - 8 5 .0 0

_

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING -------

49
36

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0

_

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




$

65

and
und er
60

CLERKS,

t

60

“

55

workers

L ittle R o c k ^ N o rth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , Ju ly 1970)

20

-

_

_

“

_

_

3

4

4

i

2

-

3
3
3
3

5

4

3

3

3

2

_

1

2
3

-

-

“
1

-

“

3

4

4

3

1

2

2

2

1
1

8
T a b le A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a nd w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L it t le R o c k — orth L it t le R o c k , A r k . , Ju ly 1970)
N
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
t

Average
weekly

t

$

(

60

65

70

75

60

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

65

70

75

80

-

2
2

2

13
4
9

25
3

55
Mean 2

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

»

80

$

%

S

i

$

85

90

95

100

105

85

90

95

100

105

110

49
9
40

19
4
15

19

4
4
“

4

45
15
30
5

41

45
15
30

S

3
3
"

55
9
46
5

$

$

$

$

%

110

115

120

125

130

140

115

120

125

130

140

150

19

18
7
u
9

30
8
22

$

$

%

*

150

160

170

1 80

160

1 70

180

190

30

6

12

4

11
2

15

18
16

2
2

8

3
3
3

2
1
1
1

1

3

3

3

_

1

-

1
1

3
3
3

-

_

and
u n d er

WOMEN - CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

150
AO
110

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
8 5 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

$
8 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

$
$
7 9 . 0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
8 2 . 0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 8 . 5 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 -

8 1 .0 0

MESSENGERS (OFFICE GIRLS) ---------

20

3 8 .5

7 2 .0 0

7 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

4 49
134
315
83

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 4 5 .5 0

2

22

3

1

1

8

2

2
1
1
-

-

7
2
5
3

3
3

33

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

37
27

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

97
83

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

91
24
67
18

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

9 7 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

-

-

-

_

_

“
_

2

8
21
1

5
3

5
5

17
17

8

4

12
12

6

35
5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
8 0 . 5 0 - 8 9 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

_

_

1

~

-

~

-

-

1

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

64
20
44
26

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

-

-

-

_

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

52
47

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

7 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 6 8 .5 0 -

8 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTI ONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

106
35
71

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

8 1 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 -

9 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

68
67

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 . 50

7 9 .5 0 7 9 .0 0 -

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------

76
39
19

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

9 2 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

8 6 . 5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

260
53
207

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

7 5 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 6 6 .5 0 -

-

4

_

19

2
1

6

7

4
3

1

5

38
9
29

26
n
15

15

25
9
16

11
8

4
4

17
15

6

2

2

27

8

2

i
7
7

-

2
2

i
~

10
8
2

14
14

17
5

18
3
15
3

9

2

56
4
52
3

_

6

i

3

ii

6
2

15

_

7

10

n

5

-

1
6
6

~

4
4
i
“

_

i

4
4

-

2
1
1

-

_

_

29
6

23
1

15

10

6

9
8

i

i
i

3
3
_

3

-

2

6

2

5

3

3

-

“

8
6

5
5

it
ii

i
i

10

9
4
5

11
8

_

6

7

-

~
“

4
2

1
6

-

3
18
18

12
12

2
2

9

4
4
4

1

i

~

-

3
i

2
2

4

9

2

2

3

3

-

3

2

2

*

2

11

6
6

1
1

4
7

5

1

_

_

5
5

10
2
8

15

2

_

_

-

-

-

13

18
4
14

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

9
3

4

1
1

2

2

“

2
2
_

i
1

i
i

-

6
6

2
2
2

-

i
i

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

_
-

“

“

2
2

14
8
6

16
3
13

25
5

10

4
4

2
2

12
12

7
7

8

-

-

1
1

4
4
3

11
8
6

11
8
1

25
7

38

12

18

6

3
9

10
8

11
8

-

-

24
2
22

5
5

17
17

“

19

17
15
5

1
1
“

-

1
1

13
3

1
1

4
~

l

2
1

10

“
-

1

1

-

“

2

1

16

174
53
121
22

1
12
12

7

11
2
9
“

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

-

-

7

3
3

8 7 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 2 7 .0 0

13

8

1
1
”

9 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

52

8

4
2
2

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

7
3

6

30

12

_

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

_

14
14

22

11

12

3
3
3

2 24
86
138

4
4

18
7

3

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------




10
10

3

1
1
“

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

29

i
i

6

27
5

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

2
2

5

-

11
8

47
10
37

65
7
58

32

20

7

2

“

3

21

4
17

2

~

5
3
3

~

~

“

i

”

1

i

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

”

2
2
2

9
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k ., J u ly 1970)
N
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

$

90

weekly
Mean 2

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

18
18

40.0
40.0

$

116.50
116.50

$

115.50
115.50

$

104.00104.00-

$

$

$

$

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A

37

40.0

156.00

162.00

40.0
40.0
40.0

133.50
133.00
134.50

135.50
130.00
136.50

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

-

-

5

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

21
20

40.0
40.0

112.00
112.00

112.00

1 03.00103.00-

5

123.00151.00
120.00152.50
126 .50 -1 4 1 .0 0




$

105

-

3

-

5

3

4
4

5

137 .50 -1 7 1 .0 0

69
43
26

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .

$

100

126.00 1
126.00 1

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ■
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

112.50

$

%

95

and
u n d er

95

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING

$

121.00
122.00

3
4
4
1
1

8

7

2

1
1

5
4

4
3

3

-

1

1

5

5
5

2
2

2
2

i
i
-

3

6

14
8
6

2
2

12

3
9

1
l

4
1

3

13
13
-

-

1

4

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

3
3

8

2

-

-

10
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p ro fe s s io n a l, a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n an d w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n . L ittle R ockr-N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k ., J u ly 1970)
Average

Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard] (standard)
Weekly

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Number

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weekly

of

Weekly

hours *
standard)

(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

39.5
39.5

$
73.50
69.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

150
AO
110

40.0
40.0
39.5

$
85.50
88.00
84.50

16

39.5

94.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

51
49

39.0
39.0

72.00
71.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

82
18
64

39.5
40.0
39.0

83.00
95.50
79.50

SECRETARIES -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

453
134
319
87

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

109.50
112.00
108.00
128.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

143
32
111

39.5
40.0
39.5

104.50
106.50
104.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

37
27

39.0
39.0

124.50
118.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

465
95
370

39.5
40.0
39.0

84.00
93.50
82.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

97
83

39.0
38.5

107.50
106.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

92
24
68
19

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

117.50
130.00
113.00
131.50

227

40.0
40.0
39.5

104.50
103.00
105.00
89.00
97.50
85.00
96.50
109.50
118.50
106.00
113.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

37
31

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A

20

39.0

100.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING

90
73

39.5
39.5

77.00
77.50

CLERKS* FILE, CLASS c
NONMANUFACTURING -------

82
78

39.0
39.0

71.50
71.50

CLERKS, ORDER -------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

87
27
60

40.0
40.0
40.0

94.50
98.50
92.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

59
33
26

40.0
40.0
40.0

99.50
103.00
95.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----NONMANUFACTURING -------

36
27

40.0
40.0

85.50
85.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING -------

49
36

38.5
38.0

94.00
90.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

86
1A 1

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

17A
53
121
22

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

6A
20
AA
26

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

52
A7

39.5
39.5

80.50
79.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

106
35
71

39.5
40.0
39.0

82.50
85.50
81.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------

20

40.0

$
95.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

68
67

38.5
38.5

86.00
86.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

76
39
19

39.5
39.0
40.0

95.50
94.50
I O C . 00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

263
53
210

30.5
40.0
38.0

75.00
81.50
73.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUEACTURING -------

28
25

39.5
39.0

102.00
102.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING -------

29
28

39.0
39.0

8 9 . CO
89.00

COMPUTfcR PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------

19
17

39.0
39.0

150.50
148.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------NONMANUFACTURING -------

21
21

40.0
40.0

112.50
112.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------

37

40.0

156.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------

70
43
27

40.0
40.0
40.0

133.00
133.00
133.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING ----------

22
21

40.0
40.0

112.50
113.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

11
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a ti o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L ittle R ock —N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k ., Ju ly 1970)

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




12
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a ti o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , July 1970)
N
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings ^
$
1 .5 0

1 .5 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

~

1 .4 0
Mean e" Median^

Middle range ^

1 .6 0

*
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

i
$
2 . 70 2 .8 0

S
$
t
2 . 90 3 .0 0 ,3 . 1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

t
3 .4 0

t
3 .6 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . CO 2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 .9 0

3 . 00

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 C

3 .8 0

5
2

58
12

15
13

4
3

6
3

2

~

14
14

7
5

3
3

3
i

“

18
18

t

%

and
u n d er

and

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

i
3 .8 0

over

MEN
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

139
77

$
2 .1 8
2.4 5

$
1 .8 5
2.4 4

$
1 .7 5 1 .8 4 -

$
2 .4 9
3 .1 5

2
1

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ------------------

42

1 .9 8

1.8 6

1 .7 7 -

2 .1 8

-

-

2

12

13

-

3

3

-

-

465
224
241
57

1 .9 8
2.1 5
1 .8 2
2.1 7

1 .9 0
2.0 8
1 .7 3
2 .0 3

1 .6 9 1 .8 7 1 .6 4 1 .9 4 -

2 .2 0
2 .4 2
1.9 3
2 .4 0

7
7

20
20
*

103
14
89
-

46
27
19
3

59
21
38
2

57
31
26
22

35
25
10
6

21
13
8
6

31
26
5
4

7
7
-

28
28
-

20
12
8
7

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

1 ,0 6 7
649
418

2 .1 0
2.0 8
2.1 2

2 .0 9
2.11
2 .0 8

1 .8 0 1 .7 8 1 .9 2 -

2 .2 9
2.3 1
2 .2 7

-

47
36
n

2 17
159
58

91
67
24

93
27
66

97
31
66

145
94
51

124
69
55

119
77
42

46
34
12

URDER FILLERS -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

336
83
253

2.3 9
2.2 1
2.4 4

2 .2 7
2.0 8
2 .2 9

2 .0 1 1 .8 6 2 .0 4 -

2 .4 5
2 .4 8
2 .4 0

-

-

-

-

26
5
21

15
5
10

25
19
6

13
3
10

53
12
41

20
1
19

23
23

73
10
63

10
10

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

132
97
35

2.1 3
2 .2 2
1.8 8

2 .1 2
2 .1 6
1 .8 3

1 .8 8 2 .0 9 1 .7 5 -

2 .2 4
2 .3 6
2 .0 3

18
10
8

5
4
i

16
10
6

41
39
2

5
5
“

6
6

6
6

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

58
46

2 .5 7
2 .6 2

2 .2 8
2 . 19

2 .0 5 2 .0 5 -

3 .6 1
3 .6 3

7
5

i
“

13
13

6
6

3

-

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------

35

2.4 2

2 .3 9

2 .1 0 -

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

47
19
28

2.5 8
2 .9 2
2 .3 4

2 .5 6
2 .7 3
2 .5 3

2 .4 8 2 .5 9 2 .1 3 -

TRUCKDRI VERS --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

805
231
574

3.4 9
2.6 5
3.8 3

3 .7 5
2 .5 8
4 .4 2

2 .4 5 2 .3 2 3 .7 1 -

4.4 5
3 .0 5
4.4 6

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

97
23
74

2.2 6
2.9 2
2 .0 6

2.0 8
2 .9 5
2 .0 3

1 .8 0 2 .5 3 1 .7 5 -

2 .5 5
3 .4 5
2 .2 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) --------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

401
122
279

3 .5 6
2 .3 6
4 .0 9

4.4 1
2 .3 3
4.4 4

2 .4 1 2 .0 6 4 .4 1 -

4.4 6
2 .4 4
4 .4 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

251
218

3 .9 4
4 .1 3

4.4 1
4 .4 2

3 .7 3 3 .7 7 -

4.4 6
4.4 6

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

251
158
93
20

2 .7 0
2 .4 5
3.1 1
4.1 5

2 .5 3
2.5 1
2.9 5
4 .4 4

2 .3 4 2 .0 5 2 .4 6 4 .4 1 -

3.3 7
2.6 3
3 .5 8
4.4 7

1
1

“

1
1

“

9

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS —
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

”

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b les.




-

-

-

2

1

4

_

-

-

-

2
1

1

4
4

-

12
6
6

23
23
~

1
1

-

_

1
1

9
9

22
20
2
2

-

_
-

-

_

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20
“

_

_

10

16

_

_

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

16

_

_

_

_

_

60

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

60

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

“

“

3

15
2
13

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

“

2 .6 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

6

-

3

6

-

5

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

3

2 .6 8
3 .4 9
2.5 7

-

-

-

2

-

2

3

1

i

-

3
3

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

3

i

i

-

20
1
19

4
4

2

4
4
-

14
9
5

30
3
27

5
5
~

24
14
10

44
44
”

49
9
40

21
15
6

11
n
~

6
3
3

16
15
1

5
5
~

43
43

_

13
3
10

2
2

9
3
6

3
3

2

“
-

-

-

-

-

~

“

14

36
15
21

_

_

12

13

_

5

24

12

13

“

5

24

15
15
“

7
5
2

9
9
~

6
3
3

5
5
”

_

_

_

_

“

_

_

-

_
-

“

~

_

_

“

_

8
5
3

11
11

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

“

2

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

46
6
40

“

8
8
~

6
3
3

3

12

_

_

25
2
23

53
41
12

_

5
5

-

5
5

24
24

12
12

i
i

-

32
26

4

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

_
-

-

_

_
-

_

_

-

8
8

_

-

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

_

_

16
16

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

28
25
3

10
10

_

83 * 368
10
73
368

4

.

13
13

9
9

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

1

"

“

“

”

■

15

3

_

_

_

_
3
3

-

4

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

4
4

-

-

-

_

15
15
”
3
3
45
17
28

-

-

4

42
42
“

-

_

_

“

8
8
4

_
-

3
2

_
-

~

”

“

-

14

6
4

7
7
-

~

2
-

2 28
-

2

228

67
67

140
140

-

*16

-

-

-

16
16

13
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970)
N
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings3

1.4 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is i

1.5 0

1 .6 0

1.7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.0 0

2.1 0

2.2 0

2.3 0

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

*
*
*
*
*
2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

*
3.1 0

*
3.2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2.0 0

2.1 0

2 .2 0

2.3 0

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2.6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0

3.2 0

3 .3 0

3.4 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

over

u n d er
1.5 0

JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------

*

A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 .

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




112
103
15

1 .7 4
1 .7 3
2 .1 8

$
1.68
1.6 7
2 .2 3

$
1 .6 3 1 .6 2 2 .0 6 -

$
1 .8 4
1 .8 1
2.2 9

2 .0 6

2 .0 1 -

2 .1 3

2.9 0

3.0 0

3.1 0

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ractices and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro visions

T a b l e B -1 .

M inim u m

e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffi c e w o r k e r s

(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f f i c e w o r k e r s , L ittle R ock r-N orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970)

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .







15
T a b le B -2 .

S h ift differentials

( L a t e - s h i f t p ay p r o v i s io n s fo r m a n u factu r in g p lan t w o r k e r s by type and am o u nt of p ay d iffe r e n tia l,
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1970)
N
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t of m a n u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
L a te -sh ift pay pro visio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 7
for late sh ifts

A c t u a l l y w o r k i n g on l a t e s h i f t s

S e c o n d shift

T h ird o r other
shift

S e c o n d shift

T h ir d o r other
shift

T o t a l ----------------------------------------------------------

75 . 8

66 . 8

15. 4

8. 0

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t ---------

1. 3

1. 3

0. 4

0. 4

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t __________

74. 5

65. 5

15. 0

7. 6

44. 8

35. 8

10. 0

4. 1

4.
4.
15.
13.

3. 1
. 2
3. 1
2. 9
12. 0

. 1
. 2
. 1
1. 9

9 .4
3. 4
1. 7

1. 0
1. 2
3. 8
2. 1
1. 0
. 5
.5
-

T y p e and am ount of differen tial:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r )___________________
5 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ___________________________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________________
10 c e n t s __________________________________
11 c e n t s __________________________________
12 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------14 c e n t s . __________ ____________________
15 c e n t s _____________________ ___________
16 c e n t s __________________________________
17 c e n t s __________________________________

7
8
9
4

-

2. 1
1.7
2. 2
-

-

1. 0
. 3
. 5

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ________________________

29 . 7

29 . 7

5. 0

3. 5

5 p e r c e n t _________________________________
7 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ________________________________

16. 7
13. 0

_
16. 7
11.7
1. 3

1. 3
3. 7

. 3
3. 2

S e e fo o tn otes a t end o f t a b le s .

-

-

16

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u rs

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s by s c h e d u le d w ee k ly h ou rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L ittle R o c k — o r th L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970)
N
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h ou rs
A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------U n der 37 lh h o u r s __________________ _______________
37 72 h ou rs
40 h o u r s _______ ___________________________________
4?. h o u r s

...

44 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------45 h o u r s _____________________________________________
O v e r 45 and u n d er 48 h o u r s ______ ________________
48 h o u r s _____________________ ___ ___________ __ ___
O v e r 48 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




100

3
4
81
3
1
4
1
2
1

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

-

100

32
67

1
98

100

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

2
3
81
6
2
4
1
-

1

_

_

_

P u b lic u tilitie s

_
_
_
_
_
_

17

T a b le B -4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f plant and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s b y n u m b er o f pa id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , L it t le R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , Ju ly 1970)
N
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

94

99

100

99

4

-

6

1

-

1

2

_

19

10

13
12
14
24
21
17

_
13
73
8
-

-

-

-

_

17
17
38
62
75
75
87
87
100
100
100

_
_
8
80
80
80
80
80

A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ----------

—

------

---------- -----------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id h o lid a y s — ------------- __ ___________ _____
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id h o l id a y s __________________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

N u m b er o f days
L e s s than 5 h o l id a y s — ______________________ ___
5 h o l id a y s ______________ ___________________________
5 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o l id a y s ---------------------------------------------------- ---------6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ___
_
______ __
7 h o l id a y s -------------------------- _ _____________________
8 h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------- --8 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------9 h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------- —______________
9 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y —-----------------------------------10 h o lid a y s ------------------------- —-----------------------------------11 h o lid a y s ------------------------- f -------------------------------------

16
(’ )

9
25
14
-

1

.

17

11

(’ )

12
1
13
36
3
11
2

_
13
_

9

_
_
_
2
80
8
-

2
3

19
30
19
8
-

3

_

_

4
6
20
56
69
70
82
82
98
98
99

8
8
27
57
76
76
89
89
100
100
100

_
_
8
88
90
90
90
90
99
99
99

*

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 10
11 d a y s --------------------- ----------------------------- _ ____ _
10 d a y s o r m o r e --- --------------------------------- -----------9 7 2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________ ____ ______________
9 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________ ____________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ________ _ ___________
_______ _
7 days o r m o re —
---------------------------------------------6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e _ ---------------------------------------------------S'/z d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------

10
10
24

49
58
59
75
75

94
94
96

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




94
94
94

18

T a b le B -5.

P a id v a c a ti o n s

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f pla n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is io n s ,

L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970)
N

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------- ------------------------------

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
92
7
1

100
88
12
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

(’ )

-

-

-

-

-

20
15

32
11

54

-

7
61
3

11
44

-

26
-

-

-

2
88
1
8
1

2
92
2
3
1

82
18
"

50
8
41
i

68
12
19
1

12
18
68
2

17
28
52
3

9
16
73
2

12
24
61
3

3
1
91
1
4

88
2
5

M eth od o f pa y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
pa id v a c a t io n s -------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f-t im e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s -------------------------------------------------A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 11
A f t e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------

_

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------ ----------------—
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_
29
70
1

23
75
2

75
_
25
“

9
(9 )
90
1

18
80
2

6
1
93

2
1
95
3

6
2
80
12

1
99
-

1
1
95
3

5
2
81
12

1
99
"

(!)
(9 )
93
1
5

73
6
20

_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

8
6
86

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

_

6
94

_

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

6
94
*

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------- --------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




5

_

-

6
94
-

1

_

-

1
99
-

19

T a b le B -5 .

P a id v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n tin u e d

(P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f plant and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d i v is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is i o n s ,

L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970)
N

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

2
41
5
52
(’ )

3
31
6
59
(9 )

16
6
78

2
35
5
58
(»)

3
29
6
61
(9 )

_
6
94

2
27
61
1
8

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u str ie s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A m ou n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 11— C ontinued

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------- ----------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

(9 )
51
(9 )
47
2

1
40

-

(9 )
46
(9 )
51
2

1
29
63
7

_
1
99
-

3
18
70
2
8

_
_
78
_
22

(9 )
29
65
6

1
19
63
17

_
85

2
25
30
4
39
n

3
14
39
6
37
n

20
80

n
28
38
31
2

i
18
40
35
7

10

2
25
22
1
39
12

3
14
25
2
42
14

1
18
30
-

-

52
28

(9 )
28
31
27
13

24
27

34
56

2
25
22
i
39
12

3
14
25
2
42
14

20
52
28

(9 )
28
31

1
18
30

10

-

-

52
7

9
1
90
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k --------------- ------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s — -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --------------- --------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________ ____ ________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

-

15

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------ _
—
---------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------- -----------------—
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ----------- ---------------------------------------------------------

-

-

90
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s _ -------------------------------------------------------------------

_
-

20
-

-

10

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le *
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---- ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

*

E s tim a t e s o f p r o v is i o n s fo r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n t ic a l.

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le s .




-

-

-

-

-

27
12
2

24
20
7

34
56

20

T a b le B -6 .

H e a l t h , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s

(P e r c e n t o f plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u str y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , L ittle R o c k — o rth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , Ju ly 1970)
N
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fin a n cin g 12

A ll in d u s tr ie s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll in d u s tr ie s

100

100

100

99

99

100

96
49

99
60

100
26

81
40

75
48

86
26

61

76

86

83

33
26

54
32

82
56

14
13

4

15

35

45

26

-

21

8

1

48

93
63
93
63
83
57
67
47
o
(’ )
76
66

100
55
100
55
100
55
92
76
7
7
52
39

95
36
95
36
93
35
88
39
4
1
80
55

97
61
97
61
92
58
80
49
1
"
80
63

100
31
100
31
100
31
97
79
1
1
77
58

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g at
le a s t 1 o f the b e n e fits show n b e l o w ____________

95

94

100

91
52

93
61

100
55

69
40

61
43

87
55

82

85

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e --------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ---------------------------S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w aitin g p e r io d )-------------------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d )--------------------------------------------

69
45

84
61

13
4

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e --------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------

94
52
94
52
87
47
73
44
4
4
70
53

L ife in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p l a n s ______ ______________
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ________________________________ — N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b oth 13----------------------------------------

M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to r y p la n s --------- ------ -----------M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------D en tal in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s --------------------------------R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n -------------------------------------------N o n co n trib u to r y p l a n s ---------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




P u b lic u tilitie s

100

--------------------------------------------

A ll w o r k e r s -------

M a n u fa ctu rin g

21

F o o tn o te s

All of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates
position—half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
Z rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
4 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard
workweeks.
5 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
6 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.
7 Includes all plant workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late
shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.
8 Less than 0.05 percent.
9 Less than 0.5 percent.
10 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total
of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and no half days, 8 full days and Z half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.
11 Includes payments other than "length of time," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent
time basis; for example, a payment of Z percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily
and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression. For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service
include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks' pay or
more after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.
12 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
plans" include only those plans financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workmen's compensation, social
security, and railroad retirement.
13 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are
limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l

D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t t o e s t a b l is h m e n t and
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
t o e x c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n t in u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic t y p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a ll y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d on the b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
and t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a lly in v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a ll y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
t ra n s a ctio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , and o t h e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C la s s B .
K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b il li n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l t a s k s s u c h a s p o s t in g t o r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ;
r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r i f y i n g th e in t e r n a l c o n s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d i s t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
and v e r i f y i n g f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s t in g , e t c . ;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M ay w ork
in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m .
T h e w o rk r e q u ir e s a k n o w le d g e o f
w h ic h r e l a t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g a n d
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m
a n d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k ,
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t i n g .




c l e r i c a l m e t h o d s a n d o f f i c e p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s
r e c o r d i n g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t i n g in f o r m a t io n .
e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t i n g t e r m s
b u t i s n o t r e q u i r e d t o h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l

NOTE:

S in c e th e la s t s u r v e y in t h is a r e a ,

P o s it io n s

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s i s

o f th e fo l lo w i n g

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l lo w i n g d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t i o n s o f p o s t in g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k i n g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a n d r e p e t it i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t i n g c o d e s .
CLERK,

F IL E

C la s s A .
In an e s t a b l i s h e d f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo r m
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s i n v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t an o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK, PAYROLL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e ou t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

th e B u r e a u h a s d i s c o n t in u e d

22

a re

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t i n g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h
r e q u i r e th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it i v e a c c o u n t i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r ib e d a cco u n tin g c o d e s and c la s s i f ic a t i o n s , o r t r a c in g t r a n s a c tio n s th rou g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n t in g a c t io n s t o d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M ay be a s s is te d b y one o r m o re
c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

c o lle c t in g

d a ta f o r

o ile r s

and

p lu m b e rs.

23
COM PTOM ETER O PERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b is n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

P o s it io n s

a re

m a c h in e

c la s s ifie d

to r e c o r d

in to l e v e l s

o r v e r ify

on th e b a s i s

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d /o r

o f th e f o l lo w i n g

n u m e ric

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s B .
W o r k i s r o u t in e a n d r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo l lo w i n g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e
li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s t o s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .
M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m in o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c l u d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t i o n o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e a s a s i g n i f i c a n t d u ty .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n and g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d i n c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d d i f f ic u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w l e d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s th a t a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in the d e f in i t io n ;
and (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s t o
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w it h r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " t h o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a l l c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y on in d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l lo w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r




etc. (o r

oth e r

e q u iv a le n t le v e l

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n ot e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , fu r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r

C la s s

etc. (o r

o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . ,
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

fe w e r

than

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E :
M any co m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n .
M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y.
M a y a l s o s e t up a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h is k n o w l e d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h i c d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g f o l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m i n g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

in

o r p r e s id e n t)

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l )
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

o r p r e s id e n t)

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) oT~a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 bu t f e w e r than 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

SECRETARY

a ll,

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in

d a ta on

C la s s A .
W o r k r e q u i r e s th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s t o b e f o l l o w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , in t e r p r e t i n g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s t o b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . O n o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u t in e
k ey pu n ch w o rk .
M a y t r a in i n e x p e r i e n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s

a ll,

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

KEYPUNCH O PE RATO R
O p e r a te s a k ey p u n ch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r o n t a p e .

C la s s

o f a m a jo r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d i t io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e

24
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h i n e O p e r a t o r ) ---- C o n t in u e d

a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f ic n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a ll s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and u n d er s p e c if ic in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e b u t r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a in
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C .
U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e f i li n g w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y and d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d .
A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n t i n g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )
T Y P IS T
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , e t c . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is d e f in i t io n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c l u d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g it a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t .
P o s it io n s

a re

c la s s ifie d

in to l e v e l s

on th e b a s i s

o f th e f o l lo w i n g

U s e s a ty p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to m a k e ou t b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v i n g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il.

d e f in i t io n s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s in g
d i f f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r in g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a t u r e a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f o p e r a t i o n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s o r t r a in i n g l o w e r l e v e l
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h w ir in g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d t o s e l e c t i o n a n d i n s e r t i o n
o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fi n a l f o r m w h e n
it i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t i o n s , o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rogra m .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter op e ra to rs

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s ;

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ;
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y r u n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t l e o r n o t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t io n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .




C la s s C .
W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o l v e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : A p p l ie s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
i n v o l v e d t o a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s s e q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

progra m ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

a s fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t in e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

25
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d
A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a t a e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l is h m e n t o f
li n k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c i n g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h i g h l y in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

f u n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d to a s s is t .

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a t a
h i c h a r e r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iff ic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iff ic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a ir ly c lo s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e

or

in s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l ic a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l i c a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ; and w o r k is r e v ic
id t o , v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w it h
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u se o f e le c t r o n ic
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is f a c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n ew a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s is a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l is h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p l ie d .
OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w it h i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w it h th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .
DRAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p l e t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e su ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u il d i n g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m
s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w it h i n it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
A N D /O R

D o e s n o t i n c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy stem s

a n a ly s ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

E L E C T R O N IC

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o l v i n g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h t y p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e f o l l o w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t io n a l
a s s is t.

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s

a n a ly s ts w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d

to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p l a n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,




P r e p a r e s sim p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

or

r e p e t it iv e

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W ork

is

clo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

T E C H N IC IA N

W o r k s o n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e fo l lo w i n g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d if y i n g , in s t a l li n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u li n g . T h e s e o p e r a t i o n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a l l o f th e f o l l o w i n g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t in g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , t u n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o r k i s n o n r e p e t it i v e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w l e d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a i n in g t o th e u s e o f g e n e r a l a n d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n i c t e s t e q u ip m e n t ; t r o u b l e a n a l y s i s ; a n d
th e o p e r a t i o n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a li n e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n i c s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie t y o f co m p o n e n t p a rts .
E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d o n t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G ro u n d , v e h ic le , o r a ir b o r n e r a d io c o m m u n ic a tio n s s y s t e m s , r e la y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a tio n a id s ;
a i r b o r n e o r g r o u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i t t in g o r r e c o r d i n g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n i c c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; in d u s t r i a l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a t i n g , a n d c o n t r o l l i n g d e v i c e s ; e t c .
( E x c lu d e p r o d u c t i o n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f s u c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f i c e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e iv in g s e t s .)

26
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is t e r e d )

N U R S E , I N D U S T R I A L ( R e g i s t e r e d ) — C o n t in u e d

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s

o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H I N I S T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g and
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t in g w r i t t e n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w l e d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y
o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g
f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in
th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g
and t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir -c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s ;
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p t i o n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n on e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
or
s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R . M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
or
g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s fr o m tra d e to tr a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fi n e d t o s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u i r in g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o li n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n
t o a c h i e v e r e q u i s it e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d
d r e s s i n g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d cu t t in g a n d lu b r ic a t in g o i l s .
F or
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l and d ie j o b b in g
s h o p s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M a in t e n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o l s a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r i n d i n g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t i v e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N I C , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o st
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y i n v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l ls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b l u e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s
a r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s
th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t io n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il
h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h it e
le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o lo c a t e
p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g

27
P IP E F IT T E R ,

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

p ip e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f i n ­
is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g
up a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls
in c u t t in g , b e n d i n g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l li n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
as re q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

(D i e m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; fi x t u r e

m a k er;

gage m a k er)

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a ir s m a c h in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j ig s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t i n g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
as w e ll as o f fin is h e d t o o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fi t t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

shops

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

t o o l and

d ie m a k e r s

in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G

GUARD AND W ATCH M AN
G uard.
P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e it h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d at g a te
a n d c h e c k o n id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a tch m a n .
M a k es rou n d s
t h e ft , a n d i l l e g a l e n t r y .
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r ;

OR

o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g

p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,

CLEANER

ch a rw om a n ; ja n itre s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , and o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l ie s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L

H A N D L IN G

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w ork ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

cle rk

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x clu d e d .
ORDER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a il a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a in s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s t o p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; and m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h in a c i t y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l is h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w it h o r w it h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r -t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
as fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r

p ick e r;

stock

s e le c to r ; w areh ou se

stock m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to fi l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l ie s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s iz e s lis t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 t o and in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fi n is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its t o b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o r k r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n t e n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t if y in g
da ta o n c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O p era tes a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b l is h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d
g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e o f tr u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( f o r k l if t )
(o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

A vailab le O n

R e q u e s t -----

The following areas are surveyed periodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965.
available at no cost while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the inside front cover.
Abilene, Tex.
Alaska
Albany, Ga.
Alexandria, La.
Alpena, Standish, and Tawas City, Mich.
Amarillo, Tex.
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Asheville, N.C.
Atlantic City, N.J.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
Bakersfield, Calif.
Baton Rouge, La.
Billings, Mont.
Biloxi, Gulfport, and Pascagoula, Miss.
Bridgeport, Norwalk, and Stamford, Conn.
Charleston, S.C.
Cheyenne, Wyo.
Clarksville, Tenn., and Hopkinsville, Ky.
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Columbia, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.—
Ala.
Crane, Ind.
Decatur, 111.
Dothan, Ala.
Duluth—
Superior, Minn.—
Wis.
Durham, N.C.
El Paso, Tex.
Eugene, Oreg.
Fargo—
Moorhead, N. Dak.—
Minn.
Fayetteville, N.C.
Fitchburg—
Leominster, Mass.
Fort Smith, Ark.—
Okla.
Frederick—
Hagerstown, Md.-Pa.-W. Va.
Great Falls, Mont.
Greensborcr—
Winston-Salem—
High Point, N.C.
Harrisburg, Pa.
Hartford, Conn.
Huntsville, Ala.

Copies of public releases are

Knoxville, Tenn.
Laredo, Tex.
Las Vegas, Nev.
Lexington, Ky.
Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.
Lynchburg, Va.
Macon, Ga.
Madison, Wis.
Marquette, Escanaba, Sault Ste. Marie, Mich,
Meridian, Miss.
Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Somerset
Cos., N.J.
Mobile, Ala., and Pensacola, Fla.
Montgomery, Ala.
Nashville, Tenn.
New London—
Groton—
Norwich, Conn.
Northeastern Maine
Ogden, Utah
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard—
Ventura, Calif.
Panama City, Fla.
Pine Bluff, Ark.
Portsmouth, N.H.—
Maine—
Mass.
Pueblo, Colo.
Reno, Nev.
Sacramento, Calif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Monterey, Calif.
Santa Barbara, Calif.
Shreveport, La.
Springfield—
Chicopee—
Holyoke, Mass.—
Conn.
Stockton, Calif.
Tacoma, Wash.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, Ariz.
Valdosta, Ga.
Vallejcr-Napa, Calif.
Wichita Falls, Tex.
Wilmington, Del.—
N.J.—
Md.

The tenth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
tracers, job analysts, directors of personnal, buyers, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1654, National Survey of
Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1969, 75 cents a copy, from the Superintendent of Documents,
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or any of its regional sales offices.




A rea W age

Surveys

A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area
Akron, Ohio, July 1970_______________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Feb. 1970_______
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Mar. 1970 1_____________—
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., May 1970
Atlanta, Ga., May 1970 1______________________Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1969____________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1970------Binghamton, N.Y., July 1969___________________
Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1970__________________
Boise City, Idaho, Nov. 1969___________________
Boston, Mass., Aug. 1969 _____________________
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1969______________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1970____________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1970 1_____ _________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1970 1________________
Charlotte, N.C., Mar. 19701 -------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1969_____________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1969 1______________________
Cincinnati, Ohior-Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1970------------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1969____________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1969____________________
Dallas, Tex., Oct. 1969_______________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1969 1________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1969--------------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1969 1____________________
Des Moines, Iowa, May 1970 1 _________________
Detroit, Mich., Feb. 1970_____________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Oct. 1969___________________
Green Bay, Wis., July 1970 1___________________
Greenville, S.C., May 1970___________________ _
Houston, Tex., Apr. 1970-------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1969___________________
Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1970_____________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1969------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1969_____________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1970 1---------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., July 1970 *___
Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnarGarden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1970______________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1-------------------------------Lubbock, Tex., Mar. 1970 1---------------------------------------Manchester, N.H., July 1970 1 _________________
Memphis, Tenn.-Ark., Nov. 1969 1 ______________
Miami, Fla., Nov. 1969_______________________
Midland and Odessa, Tex., Jan. 1970 1 ___________
Milwaukee, Wis., May 1970 1___________________
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 1970 1 _________
St.

Bulletin number
and price
1660-88, 30cents
1660-51, 30cents
1660-55, 35 cents
1660-83, 35cents
1660-76, 50 cents
1660-1 1, 35 cents
1660-84, 30cents
1660-5,
30cents
1660-57, 30cents
1660-34, 25 cents
1660-16, 45 cents
1660-29, 45 cents
1660-53, 25 cents
1660-81, 35 cents
1660-68, 35 cents
1660-61, 40cents
1660-9,
30cents
1625-82, 65 cents
1660-49, 35 cents
1660-22, 40 cents
1660-27, 30 cents
1660-23, 35 cents
1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1685-4,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685-1,

1660-64, 45 cents
1660-28, 40 cents
1660-50, 35 cents
1685-2,
35 cents
1660-31, 40 cents
1660-32, 30 cents
1660-44, 35 cents
1660-74, 50 cents
1660-46, 50 cents

D ata on esta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p plem en tary w a g e provisions are also presented.




35 cents
30 cents
40 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

Area
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.,June 1970 1____
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Jan. 1970 1_________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1970 1_________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1970___________________
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1969____________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1970 1 ____________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1970________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Sept. 1969_________________
Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., May 1969 ________
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1969 1______________
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 19701____________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19701____________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1969 1 _________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May1970 1_______________
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.—
Mass.,
May 1970-------------------------------------------------------------------Raleigh, N.C., Aug. 1969______________________
Richmond, Va., Mar. 19701____________________
Rochester, N.Y. (office occupations only),
July 1969_________________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1970 1 _____________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1970__________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1969 1-------------------------------San Antonio, Tex., May 1970___________________
San Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario, Calif.,
Dec. 1969_________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1969*__________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Oct. 1969 1________
San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1969 1 ___________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1970 1_____________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1970*_____________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Jan. 1970_______________
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Sept. 1969_________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1970 1___________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1970 1 ___________________
Syracuse, N.Y., July 1969_____________________
Tampa— Petersburg, Fla., Aug. 1969 1 _________
St.
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 1970_________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1969______________________
Utica—
Rome, N.Y., July 1969 ___________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Sept. 1969 1__________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1970 1_________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Jan. 1970_____________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1970 1 ____________________
Worcester, Mass., May 1970 1 _________________
York, Pa., Feb. 19701________________________
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1969 1___________

Bulletin number
and price
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
60 cents

1660-59,
1685-5,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
35 cents
60 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
40 cents

1660-72, 30 cents
1660-6, 30 cents
1660-65, 40 cents
1660-4,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 cents
35 cents
40 cents
35 cents
30 cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 cents
35 cents
50 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
25 cents
35 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
30 cents
30 cents
30 cents
50 cents
35 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
r ~

I

I

F IR S T C L A S S M A IL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102