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BERGEN COUNTY

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e P a t e r s o n — C lifton — P a s s a ic , N e w J e rse y ,
M e tr o p o lit a n A r e a , J u n e 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

1 6 6 0 -8 7

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

New York, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
** Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)




Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U .S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R




J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

A R EA W AGE S U R V E Y
T h e P a t e r s o n — C lifto n — P a s s a i c , N e w J e r s e y ,
M e tro p o lita n A r e a , J u n e 1 9 7 0

Bulletin 1 6 6 0 -8 7
O ctob er 1 9 70

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 4 5 cents




P re face
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d to p r o v i d e da t a
on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n ­
tary wage prov ision s.
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and
f o r th e U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s th e
n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c t u r e a nd l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The second presen ts in fo r ­
m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in dividual m e t r o p o l it a n a re a
d a t a to r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and th e U n it e d S t a t e s .
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In e a c h
a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n i a l l y .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in P a t e r s o n —
C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , in J u n e 1970. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a ­
P
t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y
1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f B e r g e n and P a s s a i c C o u n t i e s . T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n ­
d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , u n d e r th e
g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f T h o m a s N. W a k in , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r
fo r O pera tion s.

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n p r e ­
s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
A fte r c o m p le tio n o f all
o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , t w o s u m m a r y
b u lletin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s da t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o ­

C o n ten ts
Page
I n t r o d u c t i o n ----------------------------------— ------------------------W age trend s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion a l g rou ps

1

5

T a bles:
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a nd w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y a nd n u m b e r s t u d i e d ------ ----------------------------------------------------—---------------------------------------------------------I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___ ___ _________________________________________________________________________________________ ___ _______________




NOTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o th e r a r e a s .
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )
A current
r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in th e P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c a r e a i s a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d
C
l a u n d r y and d r y c l e a n i n g o c c u p a t i o n s ( J u n e 1 9 70).

iii

4
6

C o n te n ts ------- o n tin ue d
C
Page
T a b le s— C o n t i n u e d
A.

B.

O ccu pational earn ings:
A -1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - l a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a n d w o m e n --------------------------------------------------------------------------A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n -------------------------------- —____________________________
m
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n and w o m e n ----------------------------------A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ------------------------------------------A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d
A -4 .
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s —-------------------------------- — -----------------------------------------------------------------A - 4 a . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------l
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 5 a . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -----------------------------------------------------E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------B -3.
B -4.

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------P a i d h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

B -6.
B -7.

H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n a nd f r e q u e n c y o f p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

A pp end ix.

O ccu pational d e s c r ip t io n s —




— - — ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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In tro d u ctio n
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts su r v e y s o f occu p a tio n a l earn ings
a nd r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , da t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
se rv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies a re
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c cu p a tip n s stu died to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S ep arate tabu lation s are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ir e d to w o r k a re g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x clu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p re se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a rea w ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re co n d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , all e s ta b lish m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s a nd E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a nd n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow ing types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h i n th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of individual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n the s c o p e o f the s t u d y and n ot th e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n i n g s da ta .
E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New Yorit State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica— Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
r e l a t e t o p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
as a se p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c l u d e

2

w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
(inclu din g le a d m e n a nd t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs "
in c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s a nd n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or re la ted fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u strie s.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l en tran ce ra tes fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l pla n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h if t at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d as a p p l y i n g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S cheduled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ;
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a ll
pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f i n d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rou nding.

D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to da ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a nd th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show total h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d t o a
sta tistica l m e a s u re of va cation p r o v is io n s .
It is n o t in t e n d e d as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th an a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a tic a l" b enefits beyond b a s ic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f the p la n .
Le­
g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that ty p e o f
in su ra n c e under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh pa ym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's pay during a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i lln e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l pa y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plans.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete o r partial paym ent o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r nonprofit o rg a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
t h is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s o f r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e and i n ­
c e n t i v e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
t o a ll e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e pa id a b o v e o r b e l o w th e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d o n the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n o n t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f the l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e i s p a id
f o r e a c h unit o f ou tpu t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a tio n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of valu e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a ti o n o f a stated s a la r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .
D a ta
table B - 7 .

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

p rovid ed

in

4

T a b le 1.
E s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,2 J u n e 1 9 7 0

scope

o f s u rv e y an d

n u m b e r s tu d ie d

in

P a te r s o n — C lif to n — P a s s a ic , N J . , 1

Number of establishments
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
o f study

Industry division

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study*

Studied

Studied

T otal4
Plant
Number

P ercent

O ffice
T otal4

A ll establishm ents
A ll divisions

_

- -

_

—

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
—
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public utilities 5 _______ — ______ ———
W holesale tra d e--------------------------------------------__
.
„
Finance, insurance, and real estate - S ervices 7

1, 260

192

236, 308

100

153,500

39,606

95, 309

50
-

783
477

98
94

146,838
89,470

62
38

106,315
47,185

16, 720
22, 886

53,233
42, 076

50
50
50
50
50

74
130
139
35
99

20

18,456
14,315
34,152
9, 599
12,948

14
4

17
25
9
23

8
6
6

9, 888
(6)
(6)
(6)

3, 656
(6)
( )
(‘ )
(6)

11,567
3,567
18,660
3, 539
4,743

Large establishm ents
__ -

-

59

43

79,471

100

44,752

18,402

68,090

Manufacturing___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing____ _______ — -----------------------Transportation, com m unication, and
other public utilities 5 ___ — _______________
W holesale trade
— ... _ _
_ ,
.
Retail trade _______ __
Finance, insurance, and real esta te-----------S ervices 7
— _
— _

500

32
27

23

46,231
33,240

58
42

27,821
16,931

7,515
10,887

39,687
28,403

4

8,270
1,893
16, 923
5, 148
1,006

11
2
21

All divisions

- ____________

___

-

500
500
500
500
500

20

4
3

12

2
10

7

3

1

1

7

1

4, 712
(‘ )
(6)
(6)

2, 057
(4)
(‘ )
( >
(4)

8, 270
1,214
15,639
2, 274
1,006

1 The P ate rsorr—
Clifton— a ssa ic Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of B ergen and P a ssa ic Counties, The "w orkers
P
within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are not
intended, how ever, to serve as a basis of com p arison with other employment indexes fo r the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use
of establishm ent data com piled con siderably in advance of the p ayroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair serv ice ,
and motion picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p rofession a l, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and serv ices incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
* This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and fo r " a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossib ility of d isclosu re of individual establishm ent data.
7
Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal s e rv ice s ; business se rv ice s ; automobile rep air, rental, and parking; m otion pictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural s e rv ice s.




firm s.

O ver three-fifths of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the P aterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic area were em ployed in manufacturing
P
The following presents the m ajor industry groups and s p e cific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

S pecific industries

C hem icals and allied products
____
— .
A pparel and other textile products
E le ctrica l equipment and sup p lies_________
Food and kindred p rod u cts-------------------------Rubber and p lastics products
- -

_ __
________

11
11
q
8
7

Engineering and scien tific instruments___________________ 8
A ircra ft and p a rts ________________________________________ 4
M iscellaneous p lastics products---------------------------------------- 4
Motor veh icles and equipment_____________________________4
Soap, clea n ers, and toilet g o o d s _________________________ 4

7
7
_ 6
A

Printing and publishing——, ---------------- --------This inform ation is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe m aterials com piled p rio r to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m ay differ fro m proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e T ren d s fo r Selected O ccupational G roups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d ex es
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d t o th e da te o f the
in dex.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L im itation s

o f Data

M ethod o f C om putin g
The in d e x e s and p e r ce n ta g e s o f ch a n ge , as m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g rou p was a s sig n e d a con stant w eight b a se d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
The a ve ra g e (m ean) ea rn in gs for
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r all o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenter
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographer, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographer, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A , B, and C
A and B
Painter
Cleiks, order
Tabul ating - machine ope ra tor,
Pipefitter
Cleiks, payroll
class B
Tool and die m aker
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitor, p orter, and clea n er
Office boys and girls
Nures, industrial (registered)
Laborer, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly ch anges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pa y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5




T a b le

2.

In d e x e s

o f s ta n d a rd

w e e k ly

P a t e r s o n — C lif t o n — P a s s a ic , N .J ., J u n e

s a la r ie s
1970

and

and

s tr a ig h t-tim e

M ay 19 69, and

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

p e rc e n ts

fo r

s e le c te d

A ll industries
P eriod

O ffice
cle rica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d

in

p e r io d s

Manufacturing
Unskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

O ffice
cle rica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

Indexes (May 1967*100)
-------- - ___ ____________
June 1970------------May 1969--------------------------------------------------------------

117. 3
110. 8

124. 3
114. 7

119. 1
112.7

115. 8
109. 2

116. 8
109. 9

124. 3
115. 5

117. 2
112. 3

120. 8
112.1

150. 0
120. 7

143. 7
122. 6

148. 6
123. 0

Indexes (May 1961 = 100)
June 19?0________________________________________
May 1967.--------------------------------------------------------------

142. 4
121.4

150. 8
121.3

147. 0
123. 4

145. 7
125. 8

143. 1
122. 4

P ercents of in cre a se
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1969
1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I960

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

June
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May
May

1970__________________________
1969___ - ___________ ______
1968__________________________
1967----------------------------------------1966----------------------------------------1965_____________________— ----1964__ —______________________
1963____ —____________________
1962__ __
—
____ _ 1961___________________________

5. 9
5.9
4. 6
4. 0
2. 8
3. 2
3. 0
2. 7
3 .9
2. 4

8. 4
7. 9
6. 3
1. 7
2. 6
3. 2
1. 4
5. 8
5. 1
5. 3

5. 7
6. 4
1 5.9
3. 5
4. 4
3. 4
3. 8
2. 2
4. 1
3. 9

6.
5.
3.
4.
6.
2.
1.
5.
3.
6.

0
8
2
6
0
8
3
0
7
4

6. 3
6. 1
3. 6
3. 7
2. 6
3. 1
2. 6
2 .9
5 .6
2. 0

7.
7.
7.
0
2.
2.
3.
6.
5.
5.

6
8
1
1
2
6
3
1
3

1 R evised estim ate.

NOTE: P rev iou sly published indexes fo r the P ater son—
Clifton—
Pas saic area used May 1961 as the
base p eriod .
They can be con verted to the new base period by dividing them by the corresp on din g
index num bers fo r May 1967 on the May 1961 base p eriod as shown in the table.
(The resu lt should
be m ultiplied by 100.)

4 .4
6. 5
1 5. 4
3. 4
4. 1
3. 5
3. 3
2. 5
4. 0
3. 8

7.
5.
6.
3.
5.
3.
1.
2.
4.
5.

8
5
3
8
1
3
9
4
7
3

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l

T a b le A-1.

e a rn in g s

Office o c c u p a tio n s— men and w o m e n

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, P aterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N .J., June 1970)
P

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
weekly
hours 1
standard)

i
55

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

i

60

$

$

65

70

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t
t
$
*
$
t
t
t
t
$
$
105
80
85
90
95
100
no
115
120
130
75
140

S

i

150

(
160

$

*
170

180

and
under

190
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
1

10
10

2
1

7
1

14
11

12
8

12
9

24
15

11
6

18
17

4
4

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

-

5

1

1

1

8

9

8

6

3

5

2

-

-

-

1
1

14
2
12

12
3
9

43
34
9

23
4
19

32
27
5

15
6
9

5
5

-

3
1
2

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3

-

-

-

19

40
25
15

29

“

19
14
5

5
3
2

“

14
14

7
6

17

8
5

10
10

HEN

125
92

3 8 -0
3 9 .0

$
$
$
$
148.00 151 .50 1 2 4 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
150.50 153 .00 1 2 4 .5 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

ORDER ------------------------------

64

3 8 .0

128.00 1 31.00 1 0 1 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

UFFICE bOYS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

152
79
73

3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 6.5

8 6 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 7.0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

133
57
76

3 8 .0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
3 8 .0 104 .00 105 .50
3 8 .0
9 2 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

137
107

3 7 .0
3 6 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------CLERKS,

8 6.0 0
8 6.0 0
8 6 .0 0

~

WOMEN

116.00 1 19.50 1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
117 .00 1 2 1 .00 1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

-

3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

126.50 1 2 6 .0 0 1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
131.00 1 33 .00 1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
121.00 1 2 2 .00 1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

961
521
440

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0

9 9 .5 0
101.50
9 7 .5 0

9 8 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

227
189

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

8 7.0 0
8 5 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 1 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 8 9 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

559
144
415

3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

80. 50
8 7 .5 0
7 4.5 0

7 0 .5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
6 8 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURHNG ----------------------

487
133
354

3 7 .0
9 0 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
3 6 .5 103 .50 102 .50
3 7 .0
8 6 .0 0
8 0.5 0

7 5 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0G
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
7 2 .5 0 - 9 0 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

227
159

3 7 .0 113.50 1 17 .00 1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
3 7 .0 116.50 1 19 .50 1 0 4 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
3 7 .5 106 .50 104 .00
9 6 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

-

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

135
107

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

_

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

643

3 8 .0 1 13.00 113 .50 1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
3 7 .5 109 .00 107 .00
3 8 .0 116.50 1 1 6 .00 1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0




_

“

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

See footnotes at end of table,

_

_

348
193
155

290
353

19

“

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

5
2
3

_

3 7.0 100.00 103 .00
3 7 .0 104 .00 1 07.50
3 6 .5
9 7 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

101 .00 102 .50
100.50 104 .00

”

~

231
90
141

68

3

_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

9 2 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

“

-

_

_

-

“

4

~

14
14

_
~
*

_

5
4
1

8
3
5

6
6

14
2
12

27
17
10

21
5
16

32
20
12

84
31
53

79
56
23

31
23
8

30
22
8

50
33
17

47
38
9

2
1
1

25
25

8
3
5

-

-

-

-

-

~

163
100
63

133
71
62

68
33
35

70
36
34

_

1
1

1
1

17
17

23
23

49
43

72
66

23
18

7
7

22
6

2

9
7

-

6

42

85

38
26
12

88
22
66

90
31
59

42
11
31

33
29
4

26
16
10

13
1
12

_

-

45

7U
7
63

59
25
34

25
2
23

19
14
5

54
36
18

16
11
5

11

15
15

11

-

15

29
16
13

8
3
5

11

21
17
58
11
47

-

47

77

-

-

47

-

77

45

-

2
2

3
3

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

27
17
10

8
8

14
14

4
4

27
15

6
6

18
9

15
15

-

-

-

-

17
13
4

36
24
12

53
48
5

88
46
42

88
33
55

-

3
1

-

*

_

16
16

109
68
41

_
-

_
~

1

31
7
24

113
64
49

96
8
88

6
6

_
~

6

9

2

-

”

56
30
26

77
25
52

-

10
8

n

58
17
41

85

12
9

17
6

18
4
14

-

44
41

~

~

19
5
14

4

42

"

55
5
50

-

6

”

5
2
3

-

-

7
7

6
6

26
13
13

-

“

-

-

~

29

1
~

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
“

1

7

'

“

-

-

“

1

~

~

11

-

-

-

-

5
3
2

r

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

“

“

“

2
“
2

-

-

-

19
3
16

37
30
7

56
43
13

25
21
4

11
11
-

9

9

7

9

2
2

1
l

89
39
50

160
64
96

15
4
11

37
8
29

~

1
1

11

-

30
20
10

"

2
2

"

~

'

-

-

“

“

-

-

~

“

-

-

T a b le A-1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ------ C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N. J. , June 1970)
P
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division
worker.

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

»

$
55

Mean2

Median2

-

60

$
65

75

$
80

t

*
85

90

$
95

%

$
100

105

%

110

S

$

115

120

*
130

*
140

S
150

t
160

t

S
170

180

190
and

65

702
209
493
74

3
3
3
3

7
7
8
6

.5
.0
.0
.0

$
9 6 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 5 . CO

$
9 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

$
8
9
8
7

5
2
3
6

.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

$
-1 0 5 .5 0
-1 0 9 .0 0
-1 0 4 .0 0
- 9 0 .0 0

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

124
41
83
9

47
23
24
1

110
45
65
3

45
22
23
3

31
17
14
1

22
17
5

49
7
42

13
2
11

8
1
7

7
2
5

4
-

4

180

190

over

17

31

4

17

31
12

54
18
36
20

63
4
59

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

8

8

18

6

9

5

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3
5

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3

28
13
15

54
24
30

73
35
38

155
96
59
1

156
94
62
1

174
106
68
3

303
144
159
10

594
347
247
16

678
472
206
9

232
156
76
3

153
97
56
11

107
55
52
7

66
59
7
3

25
7
18
1

22
10
12

_

5
5

5

“

5

14
7
7

25
19
6

31
19
12

27
19
8

18
14
4

46
45
1

16
5
11

10
4
6

12
3
9

13
13

17
-

160
125
35

75
47
28

61
41
20

60
22
38

13
13

7
2
5

3
-

17

111
31
80

9
6
3

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 -----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------------------

2 ,8 2 5
1 ,7 1 7
1, 108
65

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .0
1 1 7 .0
1 1 5 .0
1 2 1 .0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C I U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

204
137
67

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 4 8 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

543
284
259

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------------------

737
473
264
36

3
3
3
3

.0
.5
.5
.0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

122
124
119
126

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

1 ,3 3 6
823
513

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------------------

318
195
123
45

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

509
258
251

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

S W I T C H 6 U A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------

97
66

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

_
-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

104
80

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

9 3 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T 1 0 N IS T S H A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------------------

643
380
47

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

9 8 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

9 0 .5
8 8 .5
9 2 .5
9 2 .5

TA B U L A TIN G -M A C H IN E OPERATORS,
C L A S S C -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

58

3 6 .0

9 0 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 -

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E OP ER ATO R S,
G E N E R A L ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------

96
52

3 7 .0
3 6 .5

9 9 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le ,




263

9
9
9
9

5
7
2
2

.5
.0
.5
.5

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

-1
-1
-1
-1

-1
-1
-1
-1

-

10

6

8 6 .0 0

8
8
7
8

-

6

“

8 5 .5 0

-1
-1
-1
-1

-

-

3 7 .0

0
0
0
0

-

9 4 .0 0

75

7 5 .5 0 -

4

73
10
63
15

-

---------------------------------------------------------------------

G IR L S

70

C O NTINU ED

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U E A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------N G N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------------------O F F IC E

$

t

an d
under

Middle range2

60

WOMEN

$

3
3
3
5

2
2
1
3

0
0
0
0

9
9
7
6

9
9
8
9

0
1
5
9

4
3
8
4

.0
.5
.0
.0

.0
.5
.0
.0

.5
.5
.0
.5

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

-

-

-

"

“

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

3

“

3

4

-

-

_

-

_

2

3

3

_

3

2

3

3

-

3

_
-

8

1
1
-

19
5
14
1

18
11
7

29
17
12
1

79
52
27
2

150
80
70
10

278
201
77
7

70
52
13
3

42
29
13
5

25
18
7
4

7
1
6
2

2
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

8
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

69
34
35

129
91
38

126
80
46

127
84
43

202
92
110

318
229
89

214
127
87

55
38
17

23
8
15

4
1
3

-

-

~

42
24
18
7

53
38
15
1

65
48
17
3

8
3
5
2

25
9
16
2

9
3
6
4

56
46
10
3

16
12
4
4

11
1
10
10

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

35
18
17

45
21
24

79
47
32

75
20
55

39
20
19

149
98
51

10
10

12
8
4

15
11
4

6
3
3

1

-

-

5
1
4
2

5
5
3

22
9
13
4

-

_

6

-

6

38
2
36

1
1

22
22

5
3

5
3

13
9

8
8

4
4

8
4

10
7

14
2

2
2

-

3
1

_

_

_

*
_

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

9
9

5
4

11
9

10
9

13
12

7
6

4
4

8
4

12
12

6

11
3

-

-

_

_

-

4

28
14
14

32
26
6
6

89
77
12

127
59
68
12

158
126
32
11

40
30
10

9
9
-

-

2

23
11
12
4

26
1
25

~

23
7
16
1

9
~

3

72
17
55
6

2

~

"

8

3

19

5

3

1

5

-

-

1

-

*

20
8

11
10

30
23

2
-

4
4

4
4

1

_

_

_

9 6 .0 0

-

_

-

-

“

4
”

-

-

-

_

_
-

3
3

13

_

_
*

9

21
-

-

-

_

-

_

“

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
"

-

0
0
0
0

-

43
24
19

_
-

-

2
1

3

24
13
11

-

_

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

9
T a b le A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ------ C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N. J. , June 1970)
P
W eek ly earnings
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

A verage
w eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

Number
of
woikere

*

Numbe
t

*
55

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ran ge2

$

60

65

$
70

S
75

of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of---

S
80

$
85

$

$
90

95

t

100

*
105

S

110

$
115

t

120

$
130

$
190

$
150

t
160

$

*
1 70

180

190

and
under

and
65

70

75

-

-

29
7

15

17

35

229

167

26

98

19

5

7

93

10

79

50

12
11

120

18

23

115

53

100

85

110

35

95

~

80

90

~

60

WOMEN -

*

99

57

17

105

130

25

35

3

15

150

190

29

over

160

170

180

190

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CONTINUED

$

$

$

$

“
-

~

-

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

I
-

8 2 .0 0 -

1

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

289

3 8 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0

9 7 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

137

3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

152

3 7 .5

1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------

1 ,0 9 6

3 8 .0

9 1 .0 0

9 1 .5 0

910

3 8 .5

9 9 .5 0

9 5 .0 0

636

3 7 .5

8 8 .5 0

8 9 .0 0

95

3 8 .0

9 7 .0 0

9 6 .0 0

~

8 0 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 -

9 8 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

10

55

99

169

5

- 1

7

92

92

127

115

6

12

2

89

36

31

92

8

78

38

18

15

9

3

2

6

9

2

2

*

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

9

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

98

50

0

6
11
2

129

163

2

-

-

-

-

'

"

'

'

-

9

'

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees rece iv e their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclu sive of pay fo r overtim e at regular a n d /or prem ium rates), and the earnings correspon d
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed re ce iv e m ore
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 May include workers other than those presented separately.

T a b le A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents employing 500 w orkers or m ore
by industry division, Pater son—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N. J. , June 1970)
P
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
work ere

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
t

Average
weekly
hours 1
|
standard)

$
55

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

$

NONMANUFACTURING

$

$

63

3 7 .5

1 5 5 .0 0

1 5 2 .5 0

3 6 .0
3 5 .5

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

139
95

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

12 8 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 9 8 .5 0

962
209
258

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

9 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

9 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

70

75

80

85

90

95

S
100

*

105

S
110

115

*

*

S
120

130

190

150

$

$
160

170

%
180

190

and
80

85

90

95

12
9

21
9

19
10

8
9

“

-

“

5
9

9
3

16
9
12

99
8
91

51
7
99

69
21
98

95
25
20

16

21

100

105

110

115

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

over

1

70

75

19

65

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5 0

82
59

C L A S S A -------------

65

and
under
60

MEN

60

$

t

S

1

1

2

1

1

11

12

7

8

5

9

9

*

5

“

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

5
2

9
5

9
9

19
11

31
16

21
16

15
19

12
10

2
2

-

~

7
7

1
1

93
27
16

97
31
16

29
18
11

91
17
29

17
13
9

27
23
9

l

3
3

8
3

11

-

-

3

“

~

~

5

2

11

$

7 7 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 -

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

“

“

12

-

-

WOMEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

A -------------

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURING
clerks*

Hit*

-

-

“

“

_

-

-

-

-

class

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --N O N M A N U F A C TU RI NG

See footnotes at end of table,




65
168

8 6 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

30

69

11

3

J

3

1

1

5

10

T a b le A -1 a .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n ------ C o n t i n u e d

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents em ploying 500 w orkers or m ore
by industry division, P aterson -C lifton— a ssa ic, N. J . , June 1970)
P
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

t

»
55
Mean2

Median2

$

$
60

65

$
70

*

$
75

80

*
85

$

*
90

95

*
100

$
105

%

$
110

115

t

S

$

120

130

140

*
150

$
160

S
170

*
180

and
under

Middle range2

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

5
5

60

190
and

11
11

12
12

7
6

5
2

4
2

3
“

7
4

7
2

8
8

I

1

140

150

160

170

180

190 j j v e r

WOMEN - CONTINUED
C L E R K S , O R D E R -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------CLERKS,

71
52

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

$
8 8 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

$
8 6 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

$
$
7 6 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

-

~

“

-

~

P A Y R O L L ------------------------

63

3 7 .5

1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

-

-

-

2

3

1

-

8

8

2

4

2

9

10

13

1

-

-

-

-

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

122
106

3 7 .0
3 6 .5

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

8
8

14
14

4
4

21
15

6
6

12
9

15
15

20
16

9
7

9
9

2
2

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

~

“

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

294
138
156

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

-

_

-

-

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S 8 -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

264
88
176

3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

8 8 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

_

-

3
-

“

“

3

S E C R E T A R I E S 3----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

3
3
3
3

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1
1
1
1

0
0
0
0

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4----------------

1 ,5 2 0
1 ,1 9 2
328
25

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

91
67

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

_

_

-

_

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

239
143
96

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

-

_

_

-

-

*

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

426
352
74

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

_

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

759
630
129

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

115 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

-

_

_

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4----------------

175
76
99
41

3
3
3
3

.5
.0
.0
.0

1 0 2 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

260
137
123

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
12 2 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

-

-

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

8
8
6
6

7
8
7
7

.0
.5
.5
.5

1
1
0
2

9
9
9
9

2
4
7
7

2
2
2
1

.0
.0
.5
.5

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

-1
-1
-1
-1

3
3
3
6

0
0
1
3

9
9
2
8

9
3
3
5

.0
.5
.5
.0

.5
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

~

-

-

-

**

-

5
1
4

14
2
12

27
22
5

21
14
7

34
14
20

10
3
7

21
12
9

117
58
59

8
4
4

36
8
28

1
-

5

9

35
9
26

35
8
27

27
12
15

33
20
13

13
5
8

11
5
6

32
7
25

11
2
9

7
1
6

2
2

~
4 ~

-

9

28
4
24

13
13

5

3
2
1
“

25
13
12

38
23
15

60
35
25

102
86
16

276
201
75
4

324
274
50
4

111
24
3

79
71
8
i

33

“

147
117
30
2

59

“

119
80
39
1

135

“

101
79
22
1

52
7
6

-

_

3

-

-

-

1

2

9
3

12
7

17
11

-

-

3

-

3

-

11

3

_

“

3

*

3

~

11

3

57
14
43

52
33
19

34
24
10

-

1
1

1
1
“

7
5
2

12
11
1

20
15
5

48
34
14

77
58
19

171
153
18

2
2
“

24
13
11

34
23
11

56
34
22

91
74
17

90
75
15

88
65
23

95
83
12

139
129
10

5

41
23
18
7

21
10
11
1

37
20
17
3

8
3
5
2

20
7
13
2

6
6
4

10
2
8

21
9
12

20
6
14

48
19
29

40
12
28

35
17
18

57
45
12

-

“

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

5
1
4

-

-

-

-

2

5
3

16
9
7
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

“

C L A S S A -----

54

3 8 .5

1 1 1 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

CLASS

56

3 7 .5

9 4 .5 0

9 3 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

-

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

102
81

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

350
95
255

3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

8 9 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

8 9 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

1
-

-

8 1 .5 0 -

1

9 4 .5 0

-

-

~

“

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

B ----

_

~

“

_

_

_

~

-

-

1

“
-

-

~

“

31
2
2

9
7
2
1

10
10
-

15
14

23
24

5
5

4
4

43
41
2

24
22
2

7
7

2
2
“

-

“

48
42
6

11
11

19
15
4

3
1
2

2

6
6

91
85
6

40
38

8
8

1
1

-

“

“

4

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
3
3

-

-

“

“

11
1
10
10

5
5

8
8

-

-

13
11
2

2

2
-

”

“
_

“

_

_

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

5

3

11

8

3

8

9

2

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

6

1

3

10

8

6

4

4

3

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

27
5
22

_

-

“

“

16
12

13
7

18
14

18
16

6
6

5
5

9
9

12
12

25
7
18

66
8
58

66
17
49

68
23
45

33
4
29

24
14
10

12
7
5

11
8
3

2
-

11
2
9

2

-

2

-

-

1 Standard hours re fle ct the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclu sive of pay fo r overtim e at regular a n d /or prem ium ra tes), and the earnings corresp on d
to these weekly hours.
2 F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
4 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
FRASER

Digitized for


11

T a b le A -2 .

P ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — m e n and w o m e n

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N. J ., June 1970)
P
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
80

Mean2

Middle range2

90

$

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

1 58 .50
1 55.50

159 .00
1 56 .00

38.0
38.5
38.0

1 38 .00
1 93 .00
135 .50

139 .50
191 .50
1 37 .50

1 3 0 .5 0 1 3 2 .5 0 1 2 9 .5 0 -

113 .50
1 08.00

112 .50

110

110 .00

120

1 30

190

12 9
52
72

100

110

120

S

1 30

190

1 50

160

170

1 70

8
8
2

19

2

1 50 .50
1 59 .00
150 .00

3 8.0
3 9 .0
3 7.5

191 .00
1 99 .50
1 88.00

1 91 .50
1 96 .00
177.50

180

9

10
20
17

26
29

19
9

8

19

7

8

23

59
18
91

95

35
9
31

7

190

200

190

210

220

230

290

250

260

270

220

230

290

250

260

270

3 7 .0
37.0

200

210

280

over

2

2
21
15
5

20
25

11
8
9
7

2

1 56 .50
1 52.50

151 .00
1 96.00

37

1 3 7 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

12

18
7

11

11

29
17
7

2

10

21

5

-

-

9
2

1
1

11
2

55
55

23
23

9

19

18

7

27

11

2 7 1 . 0 0 - 2 7 3 . 5(

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------

38.0
3 8 .5

299.00
250.00

293.50
2 52 .00

-

2 2 0 .5 0 -2 6 9 .5 0
2 3 1 .0 0 -2 6 9 .0 0

URAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

213

210

39.0
39.0

190 .00
190 .50

1 99 .50
1 95 .00

1 7 7 .5 0 1 7 8 .5 0 -

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —

279
233

39.5
39.5

157 .00
157 .00

1 61 .50
1 61 .00

1 9 9 .5 0 1 9 9 .5 0 -

170 .00
1 70 .50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

10 9

39.0
39.0

1 26.50
1 29 .50

130 .00
132 .00

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 6 . 0 0 - 1 3 7 . 5C

3 9.0
39.5

1 0 9 . CO 1 1 1 . 5 0
1 0 9 . 5 0 112.00

1 0 3 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 -

1 21.00
1 21 .00

3 9 .0
39.5

1 9 7 .50

1 3 5 .5 0 1 3 5 .5 0 -

160 .50
1 57 .00

87

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS
MANUFACTURING -

10 9
80

1 95 .50

-

-

9
9

-

5
9

206 .50
2 07 .00

23
23

8
6

23
23

30
30

37
37

59
98

13
13

2
2

12

12
12

90
31

52
50

86
59

32
15

18
18

99
92

9
9

—
-

i
1

16
16

15
15

31
31

29
19

11
8

5
5

8
10

6

2
2

13
8

10
3

31C
*9

2
2

18
18

13

12
11

6
9

19
13

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

—
-

-

13

11

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclu sive of pay for overtim e at regular a nd/or prem ium rates),
weekly hours.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - 1.
W orkers were distributed as follow s:
16 at $280 to $300; 13 at $ 300 to $ 320; 19 at $320 to $340; 6 at $340 to $360; and 7 at $ 360 and over.
W orkers were distributed as follow s: 3 at $ 280 to $300; and 6 at $ 320 to $340.




280

and

3

6

180

1 7 3 .0 0 2 09 .00
1 8 7 .0 0 2 05 .00
1 7 1 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SINESS, CLASS A -----------------

1
to these
2
5
4

160

2 1 5 .0 0 -2 6 2 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S IN e S S , CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED!
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

150

-

1 0 1 .5 0 1 2 9 . 5 0 15
15
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS A COMPUTER PRUGRAMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

100

1 3 9 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 75 .50

3 7 .5
37.0

70
13 6

S

3 7 .5
37.5

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

90

an^
under

and the earnings correspond

12

T a b le A -2 a .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents em ploying 500 w orkers or m ore
by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a ss a ic, N. J. , June 1970)
P
W eek ly earnings *
( standard)
A vera ge
w eek ly
hours
(standard)

1

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
»
80

M ean

2

$

S

$

85

90

95

$
100

90

95

100

105

*
105

S
110

$
115

t
120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

1 60

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

ovei

29
15

16

25
25

21
21

22
22

t

t

S

(

(

$

i

t

t

$

$

and
under
85

$
COMPUTtR OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS,

CLASS

107
64

37.5
37.5

139 .50
1 31 .00

141 .50
1 37.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

12

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

C ------

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUS INESS, CLASS B --------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 1 3 .0 0

111
110

40.0
4 0 .0

1 94 .50
195 .00

1 99 .00
199 .50

1 8 3 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

39.5
4 0 .0

153 .50
1 54 .50

1 59.00
1 59.50

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

39.0
39.0

150 .00

147 .00

1 3 4 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 -

17
16

22
22

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

163 .00
1 64 .00

14
14

17
14

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclu sive of pay for overtim e at regular a n d /o r prem ium ra te s), and the earnings correspon d
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - 1.




13
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Pater son—
Clifton— assaic, N. J. , June 1970)
P
Average

Occupation and industry division

worsen

OFFICE

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

of

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

Occupation and industry division

OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
[standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE

57
81

38.0
38.0
38.0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 4 . CO
9 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES3 ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------

2 ,8 4 4
1 ,7 3 6
1 ,1 0 8
65

38.0
38.0
37.0
38.0

128 .00
129 .50
1 26 .00
136 .50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 37
107

37.0
36.5

1 16 .00
1 17 .00

SECRE TA RIES, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

204
137
67

37.5
37.5
3 7 .5

1 54 .00
157 .00
148 .50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

23 1
90
141

37.0
37.0
3 6.5

100 .00
1 04 .00
97.5 0

SECR ET ARI ES, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

561
302
259

3 7 .5
38.0
3 7.0

1 37 .50
1 40 .50
1 34 .50

SECR ETARIES, CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------

738
474
264
36

3 8.0
3 8 .5
3 7.5
38.0

1 32 .00
1 33.50
1 30.00
1 40.50

SEC RE TARIES, CLASS 0 --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1 ,3 3 6
823
513

3 8.0
38.5
3 7 .0

1 1 8 . CO
118 .50
1 17.50

138

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

473
2B5
188

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
37.5

1 32 .50
137 .50
1 24.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------

1 ,0 0 4
5 36
468
16 8

3 7 .5
37.0
3 8 .0
36.5

101 .50
102 .00
1 01 .50
1 11 .50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -

258
62
1 96

37.5
3 8.0
37.5

8 8.0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------

327
19 5
132
45

38.0
38.0
3 7.5
3 7.0

105 .00
106 .00
104 .00
112 .00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

55 9
144
415

38.0
3 6.5
38.0

8 0.0 0
8 7.0 0
77.0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIUR ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

546
268
278

3 8.0
38.0
38.0

1 15.00
1 18 .50
1 11 .50

CLERKS, OROER -----------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

55 1
165
386

37.0
3 6.5
3 7.0

9 5 .0 0
1 10.50
8 8.5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

97
66

3 8 .0
38.0

1 10 .50
1 04 .50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

228
160

1 13 .50
116 .50
106 .50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

104
80

38.0
3 8 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

68

3 7.0
37.0
3 7.5

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING -

135
1C7

3 6 .5
3 6 .5

101 .00
100 .50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

649
2 91
35 8

3 8.0
3 7 .5
38.0

1 13 .00
1 09.50
1 16.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------

709
499
74

3 7 .5
37.0
38.0
3 6 .0

96.5 0
1 00.00
9 5 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

OFFICE BOtS AND G I R L S MANUFAC T U R I N G ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

227
12 3
1 04
33

3 7.0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5
3 6.5

8 6.0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

210

Average

Occupation and industry division

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
1 ,0 6 3
427
636
45

3 8 .0
3 8.0
37.5
3 8.0

$
9 1 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 8.5 0
9 7 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

91
64

3 7.5
37 .5

1 5 7 . CO
153 .50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

216
72
14 4

3 8.0
3 8 .5
38.0

1 3 8 . CO
143 .50
1 35.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

141
115

3 7.0
37.0

1 11.50
107 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS A -------------------

78

3 8.0

2 3 5 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

144
55
89

3 8.0
3 9.0
3 7 .5

191 .50
1 94.50
1 89 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------.NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

1 03
72

3 6 .5
36.5

1 59 .50
1 58 .50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BU SINESS, CLASS A -------------------

75

3 9.0

3 13.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

90
65

3 8 .5
3 8.5

2 46 .50
252.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

219
216

3 9 .0
3 9.0

1 90.00
1 90.50

CLASS B -----------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------

TYPISTS,

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTI O N I S T S MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------

662
389
273
47

3 8.0
3 8.0
37.5
3 8 .5

9 8.5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 00.50
99.5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------

67

3 7.5

130 .50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

292
23 5

3 9 .5
39.5

1 57.50
1 57 .50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------

77

3 6 .C

9 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

115
93

39.0
3 9 .0

1 25 .50
128 .50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

96
52

3 7.0
3 6.5

99.5 0
9 5 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-1 R A C E R S --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

63
61

3 9.0
39.5

1 08 .50
1 09 .50

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

289
137
152

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 06.00
1 07 .00
105 .00

106
82

39.0
3 9 .5

1 48 .50
148 .50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (R EGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspon d to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.




14
T a b le A -3 a .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l, a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — m e n a n d w o m e n

c o m b in e d

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents employing 500 w orkers or m ore
industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N .J ., June 1970)
P

by

Ave rage

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard] (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

202
1 42
60

3 7 -5
3 8 .0
3 6 -5

$
1 3 6 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

505
219
286

3 7 -5
3 7 .5
3 7 -5

CLERKS, F I L L , CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

233
65
168

CLERKS, ORUER -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

1 08
60

CLERKS,

Occupation and industry division

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

1,521
1, 193
32B
25

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .5

1 2 8 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 4 4 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

SECRE TA RIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------------

91
67

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 6 .0 0

3 7 .5
3 5 -5
3 8 .5

7 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

SECRE TA RIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —

239
143
96

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

SECR ETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

427
353

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 4 . C0
1 1 0 .0 0

PAYROLL --------------------------

64

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

295
139
156

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

266
89
1 77

3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

UFFICE BOYS ANO G I RL S -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

119
64
55

3 6 .0
3 6 .5
3 5 .5

8 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

14

1 1 1 .0 0

122
1 06

759

SECRE TA RIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —

630

129

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3

175
76

99
41

262
139
123

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES2 ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

Average

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

CLASS

A

54

3 8 .5

CLASS

B

56

3 7 .5

9 4 .5 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

102
81

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

$
104.00
104.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

350
95
255

3 7 .0
3 7.5
3 7 .0

8 9 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

115
70

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 38.50
1 30.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------- -

84
70

3 6 .5 1 10 .50
3 6 .0 1 05.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BU SINESS, CLASS B ------------------------------------

80

3 8 .0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

197 .50

CGMPUTbR PROGRAMERS,
BUS INE SS, CLASS C ------------------------------------

69

3 7 .0

162.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

117
116

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

194.50
195 .00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

79
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

154 .00
155 .00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (R EGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

63
54

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

149.00
151.50

1 1 1 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

-

Number
of
workers

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receiv e their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclu sive of pay fo r overtim e at regular a n d /or prem ium rates), and the earnings
corresp on d to these weekly hours.
2 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




15
T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N.J., June 1970)
P
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

i

Mean2

Median^

Middle range ^

Under 2 . 5 0
$
and
2 .5 0

*
2.60

$
2.70

i

2.80

*
2.90

i

3.00

t
3.10

»
3.20

$
3.30

$
3.40

*
3.70

S
3.80

t
3.90

t
4.00

$
4.20

$
4.40

1
4 .60

1
4.80

t

5.00

s
5.20

4 .80

5.00

5.20

over

3
2
1

-

and
2.70

2.80

2.90

1
1

*

-

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACT UR I N G ----------------------------

184
131
53

$
4 .1 2
3 .9 0
4 .6 6

$
3 .8 9
3 .3 6
4 .1 3

$
3 .6 8 3 .5 6 3 .7 8 -

$
4 .3 5
4 .3 3
4 .5 8

ELE CT RI CI AN S, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

51 7
475

4 .2 1
4 .1 7

4 . 14
4 . 10

3 .7 7 3 .7 5 -

4 .7 2
4 .6 3

_

-

_

-

-

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

203
1 56

4 .0 2
3 .9 2

3 .8 8
3 .8 4

3 •6 6 3 .6 1 -

4 .3 9
4 .0 4

-

_

-

-

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

296
285

3 .6 1
3 .5 9

3 .5 5
3 .5 4

3 .3 2 3 .3 2 -

3 .8 6
3 .8 5

-

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-----------------------

1 97
165

3 .1 0
3 .0 6

3 .1 5
3 .0 0

2 .8 4 2 .8 1 -

3 .4 5
3 .4 4

8
8

25

3 .4 4

3 .5 2

3 .4 6 -

3 .5 6

MACHINE-TOOL UPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

112
112

3 .8 7
3 .8 7

3 .8 5
3 .8 5

3 .8 0 3 .8 0 -

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

MA CHIN ISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

465
450

4 .0 6
4 .0 6

3 .9 8
3 .9 9

3 .8 1 3 .8 0 -

562
240
3 22
308

4 .2 9
4 .3 2
4 .2 7
4 .2 8

4 .2 8
4 .5 0
4.2 !)
4 .2 1

4 .1 2 4 .1 8 4 .1 1 4 .1 2 -

4 .5 ?
4 .5 6
4 .3 6
4 .3 7

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

8 69
780
89

3 .8 4
3 .7 9
4 .2 9

3 .7 6
3 .7 4
4 .2 9

3 .5 3 3 .5 1 3 .9 1 -

3 .9 6
3 .9 2
4 .8 0

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

181
181

4 .2 4
4 .2 4

4 .3 2
4 .3 2

3 .8 8 3 .8 8 -

191
181

3 .0 5
3 .0 1

2.86

2 .8 7

2 .5 9 2 .5 8 -

3 .5 5
3 .3 9

PA INTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

85
81

4 .1 5
4 .1 3

3 .9 5
3 .9 9

3 .7 4 3 .7 4 -

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

291
285

4 .3 3
4 .3 2

4 .3 7
4 .3 6

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING'-----------------------------------

403
388

4 .4 4
4 .4 3

4 .3 9
4 .3 8

3.50

3.60

1.70

3.80

3.90

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

16
16

6
6

6
5
1

11
11
“

17
3
14

29
29

18
15
3

18
2
16

16
14
2

4

4 .6 3
4 .6 3

OILERS ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

3.40

4 .2 3
4 .2 4

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-----------------------

3.20

3.30

2
2
“

3 . CO 3 . 1 0

-

“

6
6

2C
20

4

11

-

3n

6
6

6
6

1

-

8
7

13
13

51
51

18
18

36
34

48
48

44
44

50
34

39
38

58
57

34
33

46
43

43
42

16
1

-

-

1
-

22
21

12
12

1
-

4
4

18
18

5
4

52
51

8
6

10
5

22
4

9
5

18
12

13
8

6
6

2

-

12
12

62
62

-

15
13

25
20

2

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

22
22

62
62

14
14

6
6

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

“

30
30

9
9

72
72

62
50

73
73

100
100

60
6C

4
4

25
23

30
29

-

-

"

“

3
3

12

8
8

12
12

27
23
4
-

152
52
100
100

125
108
17
17

17
2
15
15

16
12
4
3

25
l
24
24

130
129
1

5

75
58
17

2

-

12

-

2

12

13
13

36
36

-

-

2
2

7
7

7
6

47
46

-

47
47

10
10

56
56

12
12

9
9

15
15

31
29

4
4

12
10

4
2

2
2

71
63

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

8

15

_

11

-

-

14

*

-

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

_
-

“

_

_

_
-

_
~

_
-

4
4

_
~

“

_
-

1
1

-

-

4

-

-

-

4

~

-

-

36
36

-

4 .6 4
4 .6 4

-

_

3 .9 6 3 .9 5 -

4 .8 5
4 .8 4

-

4 .0 9 4 .0 9 -

4 .7 1
4 .6 8

15
15

-

69
69

2
2

-

-

“

-

-

-

_
-

6
6

10
10
“

10
10
“

-

-

6
-

-

-

166
27
139
137

104
101
3

104
89
15

60
52
8

12
11
1

30
30

2
2

23
23

54
54

_

6

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

6
6

-

*

-

12
12
-

-

-

~

158
158
“

139
127
12

30
29
1

23
23

-

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekendsi holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
W orkers were distributed as follow s: 10 at $7 to $7.20; and 1 at $7.20 to $7.40.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




$
3.60

under
2.60

1
2
3
4

t
3.50

-

-

_

13
13

11
11

11
5

2
2

2
-

14
12

_

-

-

-

-

*

~

-

-

-

1
1

11
11

7

16
16

2

4

_

a

22

4

2

4

8

22

6
6

23

9

_
-

10
10

18
18

19
19

66
66

8
8

92

9

15
15

19

23

19

17
17

-

6
6

19
19

67
67

100
100

45
45

14
6
8

92

6
6

*

-

1
1

_

_

5

82
67

7
7

“
-

1
6
51
51

-

3
3

16
T a b le A -4 a .

M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la rg e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied in establishm ents employing 500 workers or m ore
by industry division, Paterson—
Clifton— a ssiac, N .J., June 1970)
P
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

s

s

3.40

4.44
4.15

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------MANUFACTURING -------------------

3.883.86-

4.49
4.44

4.57
4.55

4.003.993.963.89-

4.36
4.36

t

t

t

i

(

$

t

4 - 10 4 * 20 4 - 30 4 - 40

t

s

t

t

4 * 50 4 *60 4 * 70 4 * 80

t

t

i

4 *90 5 *00 5 * 10 5 *ZU
and

3.70

3.60

3.90

4.00

A . 10 4 . 2 0

4.30

4.40

4.50

4.60

A . 70 4 . 8 0

A . 90

5.00

5.10

30

13

29

10

5.20

o ve r

4?
42

4.25

3.913.91-

$

4.79
4.79

STATIONARY BOI LER

MACHI NI STS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING -------------------

3.60

4.88
4.84

4.41
4.41

3.50

t

3 *60 3 ,7 0 3 ,8 0 3 *90 4 - 00

4.65
4.62

3.54-

313
292

4.25
4.05

4.38
4.35

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -------------------

FIREMEN,

t

U nder3 * 30 3 ,4 0 3 * 50
t ,
and
3 .3 0 under

Occupation and industry division

ELECTRI CI ANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------------

t

226
226

4.17
4.17

4.15
4.15

4.15245
209

4.24
4.14

4.17
4.13

3.793.64-

134
134

4.45
4.45

4.37
4.37

4.314.31-

53
53

3.64
3.64

3.59
3.59

3.393.39-

3.88
3.88

PAI NTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------

70
67

4.24
4.27

4.52
4.54

3.843.85-

4.65
4.66

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------

241
235

4.48
4.46

4.4b
4.43

4.284.23-

4.87
4.86

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING ----

198
198

4.58
4.58

4.59
4.59

4.314.31-

14
14

52
52

12

12
12

5.01
5.01

39
39

52
52

53
52

29
29

49
49

25
25

39
39

4.85
4.85

OI LERS ------------------MANUFACTURING

10
10

14

4.65
4.62

MILLWRIGHTS -------MANUFACTURING

20
20

34
34

15
13

6
6

4.79

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------

20
20

14
14

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------

12
12

38
38

6
6

6
6

3
3

13
13

12
12

1
1

1
1

3
3

9
9

6
6

2
2

-

2
2

11
11

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - 1.




6
6

7
4

16
16

-

54
54

13
13

2
-

6
6

6

-

14

-

-

-

6

30
30

12
12
2
2

6
6

23
23

75
58

18
18
19
19

8
8

4
4
19
19
21
21

3
3
5
5

21
21

55
55

6
6

2
2

19
19

36
36

1
1

20
20

39
39

1
l

6
6
56
56

36
36
7
7

6
14
14

33
33

3
3

17
Ta b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, P a te rso n -C lifto n -P a ssa ic, N. J . , June 1970)

50
Middle range3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

574
255
319

$
2 .6 7
2 .9 5
2 .4 3

$
2 .6 1
2 .8 4
2 .0 9

$
2 .0 6 2 .4 9 2 .0 3 -

£
2 .8 0

£
2 .9 0

£
3 .0 0

£
3 .2 0

£
3 .4 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .8 0

28
19
9

55
23
32

29
18
11

10
7
3

6
6

35
4
31

67
45
22

35
35

10

18

2

-

3

44

20

21
21

16
4

123

3 .3 2

3 .3 6

3 .0 9 -

3 .5 5

132

2 .6 1

2 .5 1

2 .2 3 -

2 .8 6

JANI TO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

1 ,6 8 7
1 ,0 8 3
604
123

2 .7 0
2 .8 4
2 .4 4
3 .0 2

2 .6 5
2 .8 2
2 .3 1
3 .1 3

2 .3 0 2 .4 3 2 .0 3 2 .9 1 -

3 .1 3
3 .2 7
2 .9 1
3 .4 1

-------------------------------------------------------

14 6

2 .2 8

2 .1 0

2 .0 3 -

2 .6 1

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

3 ,4 6 7
1 ,7 4 3
1 ,7 2 4
898

3 .1 3
2 .9 5
3 .3 0
3 .7 7

3 .1 5
2 .9 3
3 .5 7
3 .8 8

2 .7 0 2 .6 5 2 .8 0 3 .6 0 -

3 .6 6
3 .1 8
3 .9 1
3 .9 6

ORDER
FILLER S ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----- ------------------------------NONKANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 ,7 6 8
665
1 , 1 03

3 .0 9
2 .8 1
3 .2 5

3 .0 3
2 .7 5
3 .0 8

2 .7 2 2 .4 2 2 .9 0 -

3 .6 8
3 .2 4
3 .7 8

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 ,2 3 9
798
4 41

2 .6 6
2 .5 6
2 .8 3

2 .8 0
2 .3 8
2 .9 4

2 .3 4 2 .3 1 2 .8 5 -

2 .9 9
2 .9 6
3 .0 0

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

442
301
141

2 .3 4
2 .1 0
2 .8 6

2 .1 9
1 .8 8
2 .7 7

1 .8 6 1 .8 4 2 .7 0 -

2 .7 3
2 .3 8
3 .5 1

196
18 7

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

492
271
22 1

3 .3 8
3 .4 8
3 .2 6

3 .3 4
3 .6 2
3 .1 8

3 .0 4 3 .1 7 2 .8 7 -

3 .8 4
3 .8 5
3 .8 1

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

222
146
76

3 .3 9
3 .3 5
3 .4 7

3 .3 8
3 .2 9
3 .4 5

3 .1 5 3 .1 3 3 .1 9 -

3 .6 1
3 .6 0
3 .7 7

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

477
248
229

3 .2 7
3 .2 1
3 .3 4

3 .3 1
3 .2 0
3 .3 4

3 .1 0 3 .1 2 2 .9 7 -

3 .6 5
3 .6 2
3 .7 5

24
24

TRUCKDRIVERS5 ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

3 ,3 4 2
964
2 ,3 7 8
1 ,8 5 6

3 .9 6
3 .9 4
3 .9 6
4 .1 0

4 .0 1
3 .9 4
4 .0 3
4 .2 2

3 .8 2 3 .2 8 3 .8 7 3 .9 3 -

4 .3 3
4 .8 3
4 .3 0
4 .3 2

24
24

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

174
97
77

3 .0 3
2 .7 1
3 .4 4

3 .1 0
2 .9 5
3 .5 5

2 .6 3 2 .1 5 2 .8 9 -

3 .5 6
3 .1 3
3 .9 3

24
24

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

563
265
298

3 .5 0
3 .4 8
3 .5 2

3 .5 6
3 .5 5
3 .5 7

3 .2 6 3 .1 0 3 .5 1 -

3 .8 9
3 .6 8
3 .9 2

(WOMEN)

porters,

and

£
4 .20

£
4 .4 0

£
4 .6 0

4 .40

4 .6 0

over

21

4 .2 0

8
8

45
33
12

1

_

_

-

-

“

1

~

31

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

1
1
-

41
41

1
l
-

_
-

-

“

~

”

_
-

-

19

18

17

65

8
10

17

53

12

75
35
40

1

100
6

51
35
16

2

1

161
1 24

1 06
98

37
2

8

13

-

5

6

1

1

4

14
69
45
11

94
58
36
6

78
57
21
1

83
79
4
“

59
26
33
8

19 9
13 3
66
52

84
78
6
“

246
196
50
33

~

3

94
32
62

18

2

-

1

8

-

5

3

-

-

-

-

-

50
09
41

101
100
1

1 65
11 3
52

18 3
17 5
8

278
277
1

397
289
108

61
37
24

520
197
32 3
2 22

31 8
62
256
152

554
102
452
428

1 20

_
-

_

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

cleaners

See footnotes at end of table




£
4 .0 0

and

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

jan ito rs,

£
3 .8 0

£
3 .6 0

and
under

$
3 .2 5
3 .5 1
2 .7 8

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

£
2 .7 0

*
o
o

Median 3

o
o

Mean3

£
2 .6 0

60

O ccupation1 and industry division

u
>

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2
Number
of
workers

3
15

48

37

30

10
15

48

11

14

27

58

117

20
58

30

97

112
102
10

62
58

47
35

10 3
73
30

76
46
30

52
40
12

72
46
26

1 39
11
128

196
41
1 55

213
51
162

140
12 0
20

54
54

182
182

34 1
86
25 5

_

58
40
18

39
27
12

17
17
“

12
12
"

76
16
60

266
72
19 4

17 0
76
94

61
54
7

33
33
-

4
4
-

5
5

5
5

-

-

-

15

53
53
-

54

15
6
9

14
8
6

_

3
3

~

-

-

-

-

“

-

39
39

-

54

“

"

31
20
11

17
13
4

45
4
41

7
6
1

77
29
48

76
54
22

20
7
13

27
17
10

15 6
115
41

19
3
16

4
3
1

-

15
15

1 41
92

_
-

70
48
22

30
14
16

50
34
16

23
18
5

24
15
9

10
2
8

-

~

~

75
51
24 '

31
8
23

9
~
9

4
4

8
8

8
8

236
49
1 87
127

1079
47
10 3 2
102 1

40
40

328
63 26
2

21
18
3

47
44
3

34
34

38
28

12

19
18

24

66

20

21

18

3

36
30

287
277

1

68
66
2

13

10
3

10

2

10

18
18

7
3

10
19
19

15
_

1 20
96

*

“

“

20
2
18
14
14

14
14

10
10
■

7
1
6

13
11
2

36
36

97
79
18

93
20
73

36
34
2

13
9
4

21
18
3

62
16
46

19
19

93
18
75

114
109
5
2

10 1
77
24
~

224
56
168
”

84
78
6
2

890
83
807
704

2
2

36
5
31

“

119
15
1 04

4
~

14
14
“

~

”

61
61

~

4

4

9
9

4

15
13
2

37
37
~

11
11

11

4

7
4
3

9
9

8
8

36
12
24

15
“
15

13
5
8

44
43
1

44
33
11

181
46
1 35

11

_

_

“

_

_
-

4
4
"

11
11

18

Ta b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------ C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, P aterson—
Clifton— assaic, N .J ., June 1970)
P
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earning

H ourly earnings 2

O ccupation1 and industry division

woikere

i

S

Number

$

$

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

$

t

(

t

o ft

*

$

$

t

$

%

t

1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60
M ean3

M edian 3

M id d le ra n g e3

a iH

and

under

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 over

TRU C K D R I V E R S 5! - C O N T I N U E D
T R U C K D R I V E R S , H E A V Y (OVE R 4 TONS,
TR AI L E R TYPE) ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N D F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUB L IC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------

$

$

1,409
137
1,272
1,266

4.09
4.07
4.09
4.09

4.17
4.30
4.16
4.16

$
3.913.753.923.92-

T R U C K D R I V E R S , H E A V Y (OVE R 4 TO NS ,
O T H E R T H A N T R A I L E R TYPE) -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------

1,108
710
546

4.18
3.96
4.13

4.24
4.22
4.24

4.03- 4.81
3.89- 4.26
4.20- 4.27

TR U C K E R S , P O W E R (FO RK L IF T) ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4----------------

1,568
1,058
510
118

3.27
3.24
3.32
3.40

3.26
3.25
3.26
3.62

3.022.963.212.97-

1
2
3
4
5
6

$

4.35
4.41
4.35
4.35

3.59
3.57
3.62
3.68

22
22

21
17
4

584

584

112
25
87
87

628
33
595
595

100
80
80

12C
100
40

426
426
426

170
133
37

35

584
17

_

13
-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

4

“

-

Data limited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d rivers, as defined, regard less of size and type of truck operated.
A ll workers were at $ 4.8 0 to $5.




4
4

4

36
24
12

6

44
42
2

36
30
6
6

58
56
2

45
40
5

37
24
13

65
65
106
82
24
24

19
2
189
147
42
12

24
2
431
174
257

22
22
203
203
-

_
171
102
69
51

-

36
36
-

_

2
-

2
“
6315

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

35
19

-

-

-

19

T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — la r g e e s t a b li s h m e n t s

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied in establishm ents employing 500 w orkers o r m ore
by industry division, Paterson—
Cliftonr-Passaic, N .J ., June 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight -tim e hourly earnings of—

H ourly earnings 2
*
1 .6 0

Number

O ccupation1 and industry division
workers

M ean 3

M edian 3

M iddle ran g e3

t
1.7 0

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURINC ---------------

$
3 .3 9

$

$

t

t

$

s

$

i

t

$

$

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

-

8
-

33

-

~

8

~

“

“

“

-

-

5
-

6

10

41

19

2

1

9

8

5

4

9

32

11

3

2

-

3

44

31

-

15

-

25

4

15

13

27

56

16

166

44

230

1

4C

1

-

-

3

20

52

14

120

40

192

1

40

1

4

15

10

7

4

2

46

4

38

-

-

-

56

1

26

26

_

101

31

43

94

122

-

52

14

22

-

81

19

36

22

102

12

4

-

20

12

7

72

20

-

“

26

14

-

80

244

-

-

5

-

23
-

-

2 .6 4

2 .0 6 -

3 .1 2

3

“

9

13

23

“

10

10

8

3

1
-

30

3 .5 7

16

8

507

3 .2 2

3 .2 5

3 .0 1 -

3 .4 8

204

2 .7 0

2 .7 0

2 .2 5 -

3 .1 8

10

1C

8

3

1

14

11

17

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

630

3 .0 4

3 .1 4

2 .5 5 -

3 .7 1

39

27

27

3 .2 6

2 .9 0 -

3 .8 9

6
-

2

3 .3 0

5
-

9

348

15
-

282

2 .7 3

2 .7 5

1 .8 6 -

3 .6 4

15

39

5

6

ORDER

FILLERS ---------------------

382

3.7 2

3 .8 3

3 .6 5 -

3 .8 8

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

143

3.2 1

3 .1 7

3 .0 3 -

3 .4 4

132

3 .2 3

3 .1 7

3 .0 4 -

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

7

6

22

64

31

4

6

4

45

31

18

19

“

3 .4 3

27

27

9

4

2

1

10
-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

23

52

15

33

4

23

1

over

-

11

13

-

2 .6 1

2 .8 0

3 .4 0

4 . 60

and

-

3
-

9

3 .5 9

157

3 .4 6

3 .8 0

4 .2 0

2 .7 0

3 .2 2 -

3 .3 1 -

3 .6 0

4 .0 0

2 .6 0

$
2 .6 2 -

2 .8 4 -

.4 0

2 .5 0

$
3 .1 3

3 .3 9

S
4 .2 0

2 .4 0

3.3 8

3 .1 3

.0 0

2 .3 0

3.4 1

3 .4 4

$
3 .8 0

2 .2 0

$
2 .9 9

3 .0 7

S

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .4 0

8

1.8 0

143

103

S
3 .2 0

_

300

711

$
3 .0 0

and
under
1 .7 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

S
1 .8 0

52

15

33

5

4

-

33

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

-

“

“
-

-

-

“

5

-

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------

149

3 .7 0

3 .8 4

3 .6 9 -

3 .8 8

-

-

-

1

-

3

1

-

-

-

1

2

3

1

6

10

5

7

93

12

4

TRUCKDRIVERS4 ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

226

3 .7 3

3 .8 5

3 .3 3 -

4 .0 0

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

4

6

-

4

2

11

42

11

9

82

26

14

4

10

42

11

7

51

26

14

4

-

-

2

36

-

-

-

-

2

5

7

3

1

2

5

7

3

I

14
14

4

4

5n
11

16

-

-

i
i

180

3 .7 6

3 .8 3

3 .3 4 -

54

3 .5 8

3.9 1

2 .8 9 -

3 .9 5

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------

52

4 .0 9

4 .2 3

3 .7 2 -

4 .5 6

51

4 .1 1

4 .2 3

3 .7 3 -

4 .5 7

432

3 .4 6

3.5 7

3 .2 3 -

3 .8 4

370

3 .4 7

3 .5 6

3 .2 4 -

“

4

4 . 14

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT IUNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------

3 .8 2

TRUCKERS, POWER IFORKLIFT) -------MANUFACTURING -------------------

1
2
3
4
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

6

-

2

5

-

-

-

_

Data lim ited to men workers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - 1.
Includes all d riv e rs, as defined, regard less of size and type of truck operated.
All workers were at $4.80 to $5.




-

-

2

4

6

2

-

30

25

28

20

-

1

31

35

117

20

142

1

31

35

117

20

117

n
u

20

B.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions

Ta b le

B -1 .

M in im u m

e n t r a n c e s a la r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected ca tegories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J. , June 1970)
P
Other inexperienced c le r ic a l w orkers 2

Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la r y 1

Nonm anufacturing

Manufacturing
All
industries

Based on standard weekly h o u rs 3 of—

All
industries
All
schedules

35

37 V2

40

All
schedules

35

37 V2

All
schedules

40

Nonm anuf actu ri ng

Based on standard weekly hours 3 o f35

37 V2

40

A ll
schedules

35

37l/2

40

Establishments studied_____________________

192

98

XXX

XXX

XXX

94

XXX

XXX

XXX

192

98

XXX

XXX

XXX

94

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishments having a specified m inimum___

58

28

5

8

13

30

7

4

13

72

30

6

10

13

42

7

11

15

$ 60. 00 and under $ 62. 50___________________
$ 62. 50 and under $ 65. 00___________________
$ 65.00 and under $ 67.50 ___
$ 67. 50 and under $ 70. 00_________ —________
$ 70. 00 and under $ 72. 50___________________
$ 72. 50 and under $ 7 5. 00___________________
$7 5. 00 and under $77. 50_ ______
$77. 50 and under $80. 00
____ —
$ 80.00 and under $ 82.50
$82. 50 and under $85. 00-----------------------------$ 85. 00 and under $ 87. 50_ __
$ 87. 50 and under $ 90. 00-----------------------------$90. 00 and under $92. 50___________ _______
$ 92. 50 and under $ 95. 00— __ _______
$ 95. 00 and under $ 97. 50__ __ ----------- ------$ 97.50 and under $ 1 0 0 .0 0 __________________
$ 100. 00 and under $ 102. 50____ _______ —
$ 102.50 and under $ 105.00-------------------------$ 105.00 and under $ 107.50--------------------------$ 107. 50 and o v e r ______________ —
____________

1
3
5
2
5
4
12
3
7
3
3
1
3
1
1
4

1
1
1
1
2
2
8
2
4
1
1
1
1
2

1
1
2
1
-

_
1
1
2
1
2
1
-

_
1
1
1
3
1
2
1
1
2

_
2
4
1
3
2
4
1
3
2
3
2
1
2

_
1
1
2
1
2
-

_
1
1
1
1
-

_
3
1
2
1
3
1
2

3
1
4
1
6
3
12
5
11
3
3
2
4
1
1
4
1
2
5

2
1
1
2
3
6
3
2
1
2
3
2
2

1
1
1
1
1
1
-

_
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
-

1
1
2
2
1
1
1
2
2

1
1
3
1
6
2
10
2
5
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
3

_
1
1
1
1
2
1
-

1
1
2
1
4
1
1
-

_
1
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
3

Establishm ents having no specified minimum —

28

13

XXX

XXX

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

XXX

56

33

XXX

XXX

?xx

23

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishm ents which did not em ploy w orkers
in this category
___ __ — __
____

106

57

XXX

XXX

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

XXX

64

35

XXX

XXX

XXX

29

XXX

XXX

XXX

These salaries relate to form a lly established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
Excludes w orkers in su b clerica l jobs such as m essen ger or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard workweeks reported.







21

T a b le

B -2 .

S h i f t d if f e r e n t ia ls

( L a t e - s h i f t p ay p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and am o u n t o f p a y d if f e r e n t i a l ,
P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 70)
C
P

JAU_£lant_workej^s_injmanufacturingjOMOOjDercent}__________< _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ _ _ _ i____
>
_
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L ate-shift pay provision

In establishm ents having p rovisions 1
for late shifts

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

Second shift

T hird or other
shift

81.1

65.0

15.4

3.9

No pay differential fo r w ork on late sh ift______

_

_

_

_

Pay differential for w ork on late sh ift_________

81.1

65.0

15.4

3.9

Type and amount o f differential:
-----------------------

43.2

31.2

7.9

2.8

5 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------6 c e n ts _______________________ ________
7 or V c e n ts --------------------------------------8 c e n ts __ _______ __ _________ _____
10 cen ts__—
______ _
12 cen ts------------------------------------------------I V or 13 c e n ts -----------------------------------14 cents________________________________
I V or 15 c e n ts _______________________
17 cen ts__________________ ____________
18 cents________________________________
20 cen ts_______ ___ __________ ______
22 or 22V c e n ts _______________________
25 cents________________________________
282 o r 40 c e n ts _______________________
/3

11.6
1.0
1.4
3.0
10.9
4.2
1.1
1.2
.9
2.9
1.6
2.1
1.2

1.7

-

.7
8.9
1.5
2.7
2.6
1.8
1.2
7.3
.6
1.4
.8

2.2
.4
.2
.8
1.6
.7
.3
.4
.4
.3
.5
.1
.1

(2)
.7
.2
.4
.5
.1
.7
(2)
.1
.1

Uniform p ercen ta g e______________________

33.8

28.3

7.0

.9

Uniform cents (per hour)

72

22
43

2

-

5 p e r c e n t______________________________
6 percen t — ___________________________
7 p e rce n t______________________________
8 p e r c e n t----------------------------------------------10 p ercen t— _________________________
12 p ercen t____________ -________________
15 p ercen t----------------------------------------------

7.0
.9
2.2
3.7
17.4
1.3
1.5

1.2
.7
17.4
1.7
7.2

Other form a l pay d ifferen tial-------------------

4.1

5.6

-

1 In c lu d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g ,
e v e n th ough th e e s t a b lis h m e n ts w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

2.1
.2
.7
.6
3.2

-

-

.1

.1
.6
.2
.1

.5

.2

o r h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la t e

s h if t s ,

22

T a b le

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly ho u rs

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by scheduled weekly hours 1
of firs t-s h ift w orkers , Paterson—
Clifton— a s s a ic , N. J ., June 1970)
P
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e ek ly h o u rs
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100
U n d er 35 h o u r s ____________________________________
35 h o u rs -______ ____________________
36 h o u r s ____
3 6 V4 hou r s __________________________________________
O v e r 3 6 ‘/ and u n d er 3 7 V2 h o u r s __________________
4
3 7 V2 h o u r s ____- ___ _________ _______________________
O v e r 37 V2 and u n d er 4 0 h o u rs — ________________
4 0 h o u r s __ ________________ ________________________

1
2
3
4
5

100

100

100

100

100

6

9
1

-

1
27

21

42

7
93
1

(5)

(5)

-

(?)
(5)

-

5

2

1
83
4

83
5

-

5
3
25
3
35

6
26
1
46

Scheduled hours are-the weekly hours which a m ajority o f the fu ll-tim e w orkers were expected to w ork, whether they w ere paid fo r at straigh t-tim e or overtim e rates.
Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0. 5 percent.




-

19
2
37

23

T a b le B -4 .

P a i d h o li d a y s

(P ercent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Pater son-C lifton— a ssa ic, N .J., June 1970)
P
Plant w orkers
Item
A ll industries

1

Office workers

Manufacturing

Public utilities

2

All industries

3

Manufacturing

Public u tilities

A ll w orkers_______________________________

100

100

100

10
0

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid h olid a ys--------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid h olid a ys----------------------------------------------

99

100

10
0

10
0

100

2

100

(4)

-

-

-

*

-

1
1
10
3
1
9
1

3
“
3
4

-

(4)
3

3
(4)
3

(4)
3

Number of days

6

Less than holid a ys___________________________
holid a ys---------------------------------------------------------holidays plus
or
half days-----------------------7 h olid ays---------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 or 3 half days_______________
holidays---------------------------------------------------------holidays plus
half day---------------------------------holidays plus
half d a y s ------------------------------holidays plus 3 or 4 half days-----------------------9 h olid ays______________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ------------------------------holidays_____________________________________
holidays plus
half d ay------------------------------10 holidays plus 2 or 3 d a y s----------------------------holidays--------------------------------------------------------holidays plus
or 2 half d a y s--------------------holidays--------------------------------------------------------holidays plus
half days-----------------------------13 holidays---------------------------------------------------------

6
6

8
8
8
8

10
10
11
11
12
12

1

2

1
2

1

1
2

Total holiday time

82
8
72
62
6
1

and

3
13

2

5
19

2
2

14
(4)
9
(4)

1

1
10
~
3
-

12
2

7
27
3
16
(4)

6
2

1

-

2

-

24
7

1

65

-

1
3
2
1
8
1

4
(4)
13
5
5
15

1
4
12
3
16

1
1

1
1

4
(4)
3
(4)

8

9
13
27
-

2

17
4
3
-

2

2
11
12

27
29
53
55
72
73
82
85
96
96
98
98
98
99

2
8

9
28
28
62
64
79
80
90
94
97
97

10
0
100
100
100

-

6
6
6
6
73
73
73
73
97
97
99
99

100
100
100
100
100
10
0

2
18
21

37
38
59
64
80
82
91
93
97
97
99
99

10
0
10
0

2
8
4

27
27
67
76

8
8
8
8

93
94
97
97

100
100
100
100

1 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Less than 0.5 percent.
5 All com binations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; fo r exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 9 days includes
no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated.




1

7

2

35
“
“
19
4
27

1

“

5

13 days_______________________________________
days or m ore_______________________________
lh days or m ore_____________________
___
days or m ore_______________________________
Vz days or m ore--------------------------------------------days or m ore-----------------------------------------------9 l/ i days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------9 days or m o r e ________________________________
V days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------V days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------7 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------V days or m o r e .— ------------------------------------days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------4 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------3 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------day or m ore----------------------------------------------------

12
11
11
10
10

4

1

29
29
33
33
52
52
87
89
96
96
97
99

100
100
100
100

those with 9 full days

24

Ta b le B -5 .

P aid v a c a t io n s 1

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay p r o v is io n s , P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , Ju n e 1970)
P

Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
A ll industries 2

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities3

All industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
88
7
6

100
84
9
7

100
100
-

100
99
1

100
97
3

100
100

*

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities3

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations_________ ________ _____________
L ength -of-tim e paym ent____________________
Percentage payment
.
Other
— —
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations—
- —

"

-

-

-

-

11
56
14
7

11
67
10
3

19
51
17
-

“

Amount of vacation pay 5
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week- - - - - 1 week-----—
- —
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
.
___________—
—____________ ___
2 w e e k s _________ —
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s_______ —____________
3 weeks
-

27
27
4
2
( 6)
1

36
24
1
3
( 6)

_
51
21
3
-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

_

70
7
18

15
2
43

(‘ )
18
2
77
1
(‘ )
1
-

A fter 1 year of s ervice
Under 1 week_________________ _________________
1 week— — _
- —
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks T
________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks
- —
-

(‘ )
63
5
25
( 6)
4
(‘ )
1

-

-

3
1

32
3
5

24
18
51
( 6)
4
( 6)
1

32
26
37

7
2
51

-

-

3

32
3

5

6
16
69
2
4

-

_
11
2
86
-

‘1

_
7
-

93
-

-

-

-

-

3
1
89
3

3
1
93

98

5

4

A fter 2 years of serv ice
1 week— „
___ .
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ______________________
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s _____________________________
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1

-

2
-

1

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

1
( 6)
89
3
6

1
( 6)
93
(‘ )
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

A fter 3 years of serv ice
1 week_____ ___ _ Over 1 and under 2 weeks

2w p p jc s

___

-

________ —
_
_

_____

__
. ____

____
__

Over 2 and under 3 w eek s ----------- — _____________________
^ u / p p lfs

n ,

. _

__

Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 w eek s __________________________ ______________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




12
74
2
6
( 6)
1

-

1

-

58
2
32
3
5

1

_
-

100

25

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s 1------ C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of p la n t and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay p r o v is io n s , P a t e r son— lifto n —P a s s a i c , N. J . , Ju n e 1970)
C

Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
A ll industries2

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

A ll industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation pay 5—-Continued
After 4 years of service
1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s---------------------------------2 w eek s_______ ______________________ ___ ____
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s____________ ___ _______ _______________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 weeks
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________

_

5
10
74
4
6
( 6)
1
-

6
14
69
5
4
1
-

58
2
32
3
5
-

1
( 6)
89
3
6
1

1
( 6)
93
( 6)
5
-

100
-

2
2
76
6
13
( 6)
1
-

3
3
72
8
12
1
-

57
2
32
3
5
*

_
(6)
79
2
18
1

1
81
1
17
-

80
20
-

1
2
22
6
63
2
4
“

1
3
25
7
56
2
4
“

1
1
86
3
10
"

_
(‘ )
17
1
72
2
8
1

_
1
14
1
77
(‘ )
6

_
10
89
1
“

1
2
19
6
65
3
4
-

1
3
22
7
58
4
4
-

1
1
86
3
10

_
(6)
15
1
71
3
9
1

_
1
11
2
76
3
7
*

9
90
1

1
2

1
3
15

1

(6)
7
1
66
4
20
(‘ )
2

1
7
1
59

5

After 5 years of s ervice

1 week____________ ____________ _________ _

_____
Over 1 and under Z w e e k s ______________________
2 weeks
_
Over Z and under 3 w e e k s . —
3 weeks _
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------------4 weeks
5 weeks
After 10 years of service
1 weekOver 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
Over Z and under 3 w eek s---------------------------------3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------------4 w eek s ------- -------------- — ------------------ —--------------5 weeks
—
After 12 years of service
1 week_______________________ — ---- -------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s---------------------------------......
2 w e e k s ________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
—
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s ---------------------------------4 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------5 weeks

_

After 15 years of s ervice
1 week-------------------------------------------------- ----- ----- —
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 w eek s--------------------- —
--------- ------------------- ---- ---Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 w eek s----------------------------------------------- ---- -------—
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------------4 weeks
Over 4 and under 5 weeks
5 w eek s ---------------- — -------- — ——— —--------------—
—

S e e f o o tn o te ! a t end o f t a b le .




-

66
3
14
1
( 6)

-

-

62
5
13
2

59
-

38
-

3

-

91

7

-

22

4
-

(‘ )
2

26

T a b le

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ' ------ C o n t i n u e d

B -5 .

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s ,

P a t e r s o n — l if t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 7 0 )
C

Plant workers

Office workers

Vacation policy
All industries2

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

A ll industries 4

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

Amount of vacation pay 5— Continued
After 20 years of service

1 week_-

_____
_____
__
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s- _____
- ___
Z w eek s- ___
— ___ _______ __
____ —
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s ____________________ _
3 weeks _____
_____ ___________ - ___
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______ ___
4 weeks
Over 4 and under 5 weeks ___ . . ..
5 weeks — —
_
_
__
__ _ ____

1
2
12
31
4
45

1
3
14
29
4
43

1

2

4

4

_
-

_

_

1

( 6)
7

1

1

39

-

1
2

7

1
25
53
(‘ )

94
5

43
( 6)
9

-

-

-

( 6)

1
6
1

26

15
57
( 6)
19

12

_
_
5
32
_
63
_
-

After 25 years of s ervice

1 week— ___ Over 1 and under

--------------------- ----w eek s ______________________
, m
__
Over Z and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 weeks
_
. _
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w eek s _____________ ___ _____________ , . __
Over 4 and under 5 w eek s______________________
5 weeks
_
, ____ _
Over 5 and under 6 weeks

2 weeks

Z

After 30 years of s ervice
1 wee k_____________ ____ __ ____________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s _______ _____ _____ ________ ,________r
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
_
_
3 weeks
__
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
____
4 weeks
_
_
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w eek s ____ _____ __________ ____ _____________
Over 5 and under 6 w e e k s ______________________
6 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------Maximum vacation available
1 WPPlf
____ ____
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___ - — _____
?- WPplfS
„
„
Over 2 and under 3 weeks — ___
__
3 w e e k s __________ ____________ __________ __ ____
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eek s____________r —,----------------------------------__.
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 weeks
Over 5 and under 6 weeks

1
2
12

25
3
40

1

1
3
13
-

22
4
39

2

1

-

1

40
57

15

15

1

1

2

1
2
12

1
3
13

-

25
3
40

1

22

1

4
39

40

6
1
2

45
( 6)
19

1

( 6)

6
1

15

46
( 6)

50
- ( 6)
24

2

1

57

3

4

-

1

-

-

3
13
-

-

( 6)

1
2
12
-

25
3
40

1
13
( 6)
3

2

1
-

22

1

4
39

40

2
12
5

-

57

2

_

1
6
1

24

2
12
1

1

13

2

21
1
1

2
1

_
_
5
32
9
55
_
_
5
32
9
55
_
-

-

_

6
1

1
6
1

5

24

15

32

2

-

_
_

45
( 6)

50
( 6)
24

55

2

3

-

21

9
-

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y . E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , and t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith
q u a l if y i n g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e c il e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
* I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k 's
p a y o r m o r e a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




27

T a b le

B -6 .

H e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s

(P ercent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits , Paterson—
Clifton— a s s a ic , N .J ., June 1970)
P
Plant workers
Type of benefit and
financing 1

A ll industries 2

100
W orkers in establishm ents providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown b elow ___________

Manufacturing

O ffice workers
Public u tilities3

100

100

A ll industries 4

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

98

98

100

99

99

100

Life in su ra n ce_______________________________
N oncontributory p la n s___________________
A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance— -------- ------ ----------------------------N oncontributory p la n s________ _ ___ —
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or b oth5
-------—

89
79

91
83

98
76

94
68

95
66

99
78

59
54

59
54

73
73

67
53

63
45

76
76

69

65

86

88

81

99

Sickness and accident insurance_________
N oncontributory plans _______ _____
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p eriod )---------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod )----------------------------------------

49
42

54
45

52
52

47
38

56
38

31
27

34

27

19

74

64

54

4

1

31

6

i

35

Hospitalization insurance------ — _ _ _
N oncontributory p lan s----------------------------Surgical insurance----------------------------------------Noncontributory p lan s-------- --------------------M edical in su ra n ce__________________________
N oncontributory p la n s_________ ______ .
M ajor m edical in su ra n ce-----------------------------N oncontributory plans----------------------------Retirem ent pension---------------------------------------N oncontributory plans ___ - - --------

96
89
96
89
86
80
51
43
83
77

98
93
97
92
88
83
50
43
85
79

100
77
100
93
94
87
56
56
97
96

95
64
95
65
90
61
85
55
80
74

92
75
92
74
86
69
79
49
79
72

100
60
100
77
95
71
93
89
87
87

1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer.
"Noncontributory plans" include only those plans financed entirely
by the em ployer.
Excluded are legally required plans, such as workm en's com pensation, social secu rity, and railroad retirem ent.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below .
Sick leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of d ays' pay that can be expected by each em ployee.
Inform al sick leave allowances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.




28

T a b le B -7 .

M e th o d of w a g e dete rm in atio n and fre q u e n c y of p a y m e n t

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by method of wage d eterm in ation1
and frequency of wage payment, Paterson—
Clifton— a s s a ic , N. J. , June 1970)
P
Plant workers

Office workers

Item
A ll ind ustries2

All w orkers------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s3

A ll industries4

100

100

100

91
87
38
49

89
87
39
49

100
99
43
56

22

21

56

13

12

-

14
4
9
4
4
( 5)
4
3
1
1

15
1
11
6
6
( 5)
5
4
1
“

1
-

18
29
2

97
2
1
-

98
1
1

99
1

100

Manufacturing

100

Public u tilities3

100

Method of wage determ ination 1
Paid time rates-------------------------------------------------F orm al rate p o lic y _________________________
Single ra te _______________________________
Range of ra te s ----------------------------------------P rog ression based on automatic
advancement according to
length of s e r v ic e -----------------------------P rog ression based on m erit
review_______________________________
P rog ression based on a
com bination of length of
se rv ice and m erit review ___________
No form al rate policy_______________________
Paid by incentive m ethods_____________________
Piece rate___________________________________
Individual________________________________
Group-------------------------------------------------------Production bonus-----------------------------------------Individual________________________________
Group____________________________________
C om m ission _______________________________

98
70
( 5)
70

96
61
( 5)
61

100
76
2
74

5

2

37

46

40

18

20
35
4

19
24
-

Method of determ ining incentive pay of office w orkers not presented

Frequency of wage payment
W eekly_________________________________________
Biweekly_______________________________________
Semimonthly___________________________________
Monthly________________________________________
Other freq u en cy_______________________________

1
2
3
4
5

-

59
21
19

49
20
31
"

F or a description of the methods of wage determ ination, see Introduction.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.




60
21
19

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangem ents from establishment to establishm ent and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working sup ervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O F FIC E
BILLER. MACHINE

CLERK, FILE

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or e le ctro m atic typew riter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerica l work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs , m achine, are
cla ssified by type of m achine, as follow s:

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as corresp on den ce, rep orts, technical docu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s . May lead a sm all group of low er level file clerk s.

B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish e r, Burroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord e rs , internally prepared o rd ers, shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n ecessary extensions, which may or m ay not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which m ay or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves t,he sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger record . The machine autom atically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, E lliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a re co rd of business
transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rincip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper record s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of re co rd s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing d escribed under b ille r,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets fo r the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or record s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and e xp eri­
ence in making proper assignations and a llocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m ay d irect cla ss B accounting clerk s.

Class B. Sorts, cod es, and file s unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
ing s ~or—
partly cla ssified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares sim ple related index and
cr o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, locates cle a rly identified m aterial in file s and forw ards
m aterial.
May p erform related c le rica l tasks required to maintain and service file s.
Class C. P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssified or which
is ea sily cla ssified in a sim ple serial cla ssification system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s sim ple cle rica l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and service file s.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' ord ers fo r m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow ing: Quoting p rices to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing ord er sheets to resp ective departments to be filled . May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t of o rd ers fro m cu stom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been filled , keep file of ord ers receiv ed , and check shipping
invoices with original o rd ers.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ecessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve; Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on time or production re co rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o rk e r's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to p erform mathematical com putations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which m ay involve f r e ­
quent use of a Com ptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class B. Under supervision, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher reg isters; reconcilin g bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general led gers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in office s in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




29

C lass A . Operates a num erical a n d /or alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. P erform s same
tasks as low er level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, fo r exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation from several docum ents; and searches fo r and
interprets inform ation on the document to determ ine inform ation to be punched. May train
inexperienced op erators.

30
SECRETAR Y— C ont inue d

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR--- Continued
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data from source documents to punched ca rd s. Operates a num erical and/or
alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source docum ents, follow s specified sequences which have
been coded or p rescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. Problem s arising from erroneous item s or codes, m issing inform ation,
e tc., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m inor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y-to-d ay w ork a ctivities of the supervisor. Works fa irly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied cle rica l
and secreta rial duties, usually including m ost of the follow in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
personal ca lle rs, and incoming m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the su p ervisor's file s; (c) maintains
the su p ervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspon den ce, memoranda, and reports prepared by others
for the su p ervisor's signature to-a ssu re procedural and typographic accu racy; and (f) perform s
stenographic and typing work.
May also p erform other cle rica l and secreta rial tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " p ossess the above ch aracteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s: (a) Positions which do not m eet
the "p erson al" secreta ry concept d escribed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties: (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical,
or m anagerial persons; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com plex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized cle rica l duties which are not typical of secreta rial work.
NOTE: The term "corp ora te o ffic e r ," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officia ls who have a significant corporate-w id e policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctivities. The title "v ice p resid en t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a cle rica l staff) are not considered to be
"corp ora te office rs " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary
all, over 100 but
b. S ecretary
of a company that

to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
few er than 5,000 p ers on s ; or
to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p erson s; or

c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p erson s.
C lass B
a. • S ecretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 p ers on s ; or
b. S ecretary to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below
corporate-w id e functional activity (e .g ., marketing,
tions. etc.) or~a m ajor geographic o r organizational
a m ajor division) of a com pany that em ploys, in
em p loyees; or




the o ffice r level) over either a m ajor
resea rch , operations, industrial re la segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 p e rso n s; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e .g ., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rso n s.
Class C
a. S ecretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the s p e cific level situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this le ve l includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one o r two; jdt
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s .
Class D
a. S ecretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); m:
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, profession a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffice r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than secreta ries as d escribed above, to this level of sup ervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain file s , keep simple re co rd s, or perform other relatively
routine c le rica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribin gmachine work. (See transcribing-m achine op era tor.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b riefs or reports on scientific resea rch from one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep re co rd s, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp onsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accu racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, p o licie s, p rocedu res, file s,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial for rep orts, m emorandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing sim ple letters fro m general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls. P e rfo rm s full telephone inform ation se rv ice or handles
com plex ca lls, such as con feren ce, co lle ct, o versea s, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escribed fo r switchboard operator, cla ss B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ice o ccu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or o ffice ca lls. May handle routine long distance calls and re co rd tolls.
May p erform lim ited telephone inform ation serv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation service
occu rs if the functions of the establishment se rvice d are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
s p ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are re fe rre d to another operator.)

31
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w ork er's time while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates sim ple tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
so rte r, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. May include sim ple
wiring from diagram s and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or e lectrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, colla tor, and others.
P erform s com plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and p erform s difficult
wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced op erator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors perform ing tabulating-machine operations and d a y-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine op erators.
Class B. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, rep rod u cer, and collator. This work is
perform ed under s p ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r cise , a com plete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the p ro ­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the machine.

PR O FE SSIO N AL

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rica l work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A w orker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating p ro ce s s e s. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re co rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ine: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for co r re ct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual wprds or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

TECHNICAL

COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the control con sole of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes m ost of the follow ing:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape reels, ca rd s, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; makes adjustments to com puter to co r re ct operating problem s and meet
special conditions; reviews e rr o rs made during operation and determ ines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or p rogra m er; and maintains operating record s. May test and a ssist in correctin g
program .

Converts statements of business p roblem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working from charts or diagram s, the p rogra m er develops the p re cise
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired results. Work involves m ost of the follow ing; Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, logic em ployed by com puters, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be program ed. Develops sequence
of program steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show ord er in which data w ill be p ro ce sse d ;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow ; tests and co r re cts program s;
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating e fficien cy or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains record s of
program developm ent and revisions. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p r o ­
graming should be cla ssifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

F or wage study purposes, com puter operators are cla ssified as follow s:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critica l importance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s may not be available. May give
direction and guidance to low er level op erators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: Most of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring b a sis; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e rr o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes correctiv e action. This usually involves applying p reviou sly p r o ­
gram ed correctiv e steps, or using standard correction techniques.

Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data processin g (EDP) em ployees, or program ers p rim arily concerned with
scien tific a n d /o r engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes, program ers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and pra ctices. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor p rocessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving desired end products.

OR
Operates under d irect supervision a computer running program s or segments of program s
with the ch aracteristics d escribed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
Class C . Works on routine program s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine program s. Usually has received som e form al training in com puter operation.
May assist higher level operator on com plex program s.




At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p rocessin g actions must occu r. This requires
such actions as development of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to low er level p rogram ers who are assigned to assist.

32
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
program s, or on sim ple segments of com plex program s. P rog ra m s (or segments) usually
p rocess inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form a ts. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous record s m ay be
p rocessed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the p rogram deals with
routine record-keepin g type operations.
OR
Works on com plex program s (as d escrib ed for cla ss A) under clo se direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level p rogra m er by independently p e r ­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and p erform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er level p rog ra m ers.

OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data p rocessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receiv es instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure p roper alinement with the overall system .
Class C. Works under imm ediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ra ctica l experience
in the application of procedu res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F or example,
may a ssist a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p rogram ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN

Class C . Makes p ra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctices and concepts usually
learned in form al training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced u res to routine problem s. R eceives clo se supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed to verify its a ccu ra cy and conform ance with
required p rocedu res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problem s to form ulate procedu res for solving them by use of electron ic
data p rocessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital com puter program s. Work involves m ost of the follow ing;
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and cr ite ria required
to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of re co rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the developm ent of test problem s and participates in trial runs of
new and revised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE; W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electronic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering p roblem s.
F or wage study purposes,

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishm ent.) C onfers with persons concerned to determ ine
the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.

system s analysts are cla ssifie d as follow s;

Class A . W orks independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of d iverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re co rd in
which every item of each type is autom atically p rocesse d through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) Confers with p ersons co n ­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new or revised system s of data p rocessin g operations. Makes r e c o m ­
mendations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. P rob lem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are clo s e ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for maintaining d epositor accounts in a bank,

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly fro m established drafting precedents. W orks in clo se sup­
port with the design origin ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. W orks with a minimum of sup ervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator fo r con sistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or d irect their preparation by low er level draftsm en.
Class B . P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as; P rep a res working drawings of subassem blies with irregu la r shapes,
multiple functions, and p re cis e positional relationships between com ponents; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ecessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load cap acities, strengths,
stre ss e s, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked fo r technical adequacy.
Class C . P rep a res detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include iso m e tric projection s
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
p recedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are less com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work m ay be spot-ch ecked during p rog ress.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring clo s e delineation.)
and/ or
P rep a res sim ple or repetitive drawings of ea sily visualized item s. Work is clo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A reg istered nurse who gives nursing se rv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
fa ctory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em p loyees' injuries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r com pensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and ca r r y ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel.

M AINTENANCE AND P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P erform s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cr ib s , cou nters, benches, partitions, d o o rs, flo o r s , sta irs,
casin gs, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions using a variety

of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials necessary
fo r the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




33
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erform s a variety of e lectrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
ele ctrica l equipment such as generators, tra n sform ers, switchboards, co n tro lle rs, circuit break­
e r s , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or electrica l equipment; and using a variety of e lectricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electricia n requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticesh ip or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with power,
heat, refrig era tion , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s so rs , generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
p ervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary b oilers to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing b o ilerroom equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
to ols; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by w orkers on a full-tim e b asis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls , such as jig b o re rs ,
cylindrical or surface grind ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessin g item s requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d re s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or c r o s s ­
industry wage study purposes, m achine-tool op erators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and p recision m easuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications fo r m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n ecessary adjustments fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines o r heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stre ss e s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls , equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good ord er power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing surfaces
equipment of an establishment.

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo r s , o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs w ater, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co rre ct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu re s, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether
finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good ord er. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b e r's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishment. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d r ills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing

F ab rica tes, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lo ck e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of




34
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE--- Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal a rticles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and p recision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce sse s. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m adhine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

F or cross-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U ST O D IA L AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
ord er, using arms or fo rce where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises p eriodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping re co rd s. May d irect or a ssist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, in voices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to p roper departments; and maintaining n e ce s­
sary records and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa ctory working areas, and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance se rv ice s ; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, custom ers* ord e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing ord e rs, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to sup ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
custom ers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv er-salesm en and
ov e r-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s; (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)
Truckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations p erform ed being dependent upon the type, size , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using e xce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P ackers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or ele ctric-p o w e re d truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds dbout a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers a;re cla ssified by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru cker, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -------

The tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s ts , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r as BLS B u ll e tin 1654, Nat iona l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 196 9- S e v e n t y - f i v e
cents a co p y .




A re a

W a g e

S u rve ys

A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e t in s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e stu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d stu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a g e and H our D i v i s i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u pe rin te n de n t o f
D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area
A k r o n , O h i o , J u ly 1970-----------------------------------------------------A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970___________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------A lle n t o w n — eth le h e rrm E as to n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1970 L B
A tla nta, G a . , M a y 1970 1_________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., Aug. 1969_______________________________
B e a u m o n t— o r t A rthu r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ------P
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970___________________________
B o i s e C ity, Idaho, N o v. 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r . 1970_______________________________
Canton , O h i o , M a y 1970 1____________ ____ _______________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1------------------------------------C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1970 1 ____________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O h io —
Ky.—I n d . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 __________________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1969—_- _____ - _________________ —
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O ct . 1969_______________________________
D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1 9 6 9 _______ ______ __ _________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Island—M o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
R
O ct . 1969 1_________________________________________________
D a yton , O h io , D e c . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1----------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, M a y 1970 1 __________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ---------------------- ------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct. 1969_____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y l 9 7 0 1 ------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________
H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1970-------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1969_____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1970________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1969____________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N .H ., June 1970 1---------—
L ittle R o c k ^ N o r t h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970 1 ------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970--------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—I n d . , N o v. 1969 1________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1---------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1 9 7 0 * __________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v. 1969 1 -------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1970 1 ------------------------M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1------------------------------------------M inneapolis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1 6 6 0 -8 8 ,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1660-76,
1660-11,
1660-84,
1660-5,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

30 ce nts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
50 cen ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 cen ts
30 cen ts
25 cen ts
45 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
35 cen ts
35 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
65 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1 6 8 5-4 ,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1685-1,

35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 cents
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 cen ts
35 ce n ts

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1685-2,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1660-74,
1660-46,

45
40
35
35
40
30
35
50
50

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , June 1970 1______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N . J . , Jan. 1970 1_____________
N ew H aven, C o n n ., Jan. 1970 1
___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1970_____________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N ew s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , Jan. 1970 1 --------------------------------------------O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1970------------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa, Sept. 1 9 6 9 _________________________
P a t e r son— l i f t o r r - P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1970 1__________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v. 1969 1_____________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v. 1969 1 ____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1970 1_____________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R.I.—M a s s . ,
W
M a y 1 9 7 0 __________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969_________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
J u ly 1 9 6 9 __________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 _______________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1970___________________________
Salt Lake C it y , Utah, Nov. 1969 1-----------------------------------San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1970____________________________ _
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r side— n t a r i o , C a lif . ,
R
O
D e c . 1969__________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1 ___________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akla nd, C a l i f . , O ct. 1969 1-----------------O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1969 1 ------------------------------------------Savannah, G a . , M a y 1970 1_______________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1970 1 -----------------------------------------------Seattle— v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1970----------------------------------E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , Sept. 1969_________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1970 1------------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h ., June 1970 1 -------------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------------Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1 --------------------T o l e d o , O hio— i c h . , F e b . 1970__________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
Utica—R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —Md.—V a . , Sept. 1969 1_______________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1970 1__________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Jan. 1 9 7 0 _______________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1 __________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1____________________________________
Y o u n gs to w n —W a r r e n , O h io , Nov. 1969 1-------------------------

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-85,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

35 ce nts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
60 cen ts

1660-59,
1 6 8 5 -5 ,
1660-12,
1660-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1660-77,

35 ce n ts
30 cents
30 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
60 ce n ts
35ce n ts
50cen ts
35 cen ts
40 ce nts

1660-72,
1660-6,
1660-65,

30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts

1660-4,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 ce n ts
35 ce nts
40 ce n ts
35cen ts
30ce n ts

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1660-80,
1 6 8 5 -3 ,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 ce n ts
35ce n ts
50cen ts
35 ce n ts
35ce n ts
35ce nts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
35ce n ts
35cen ts
30 ce n ts
35ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30ce n ts
50ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35ce n ts
35ce n ts
35ce n ts
35ce n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B U R E A U O F L AB O R S T A T I S T I C S
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS




P O S T A G E AND FEES PAI D
U .S. D E P A R T M E N T OF L A B O R

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102