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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e A lle n to w n — B e th le h e m — Easton, P e n n s y l v a n i a N e w J e r s e y , M e tr o p o li t a n A r e a , M a y 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

1 6 6 0 -8 3

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

New York, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

1371Peachtree St. N E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
•*
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
J. D . H o dgson, S e creta ry
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e A lle n to w n — B e t h le h e m — Easton, P e n n s y l v a n i a N e w J e r s e y , M e t r o p o lit a n A r e a , M a y 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -8 3
S eptem ber 1970

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 3 5 cents




C o n t e n t s

P r e f a c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a nn ua l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e da t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d da t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a nd s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________ ___
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a bles:
1.
2.

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s da t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b ulletin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w h ic h has
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the U n i t e d S t a t e s .

A.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s bienn ia lly.

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
A l l e n t o w r r - B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , in M a y 1970. T h e
S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the
B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f
L e h i g h and N o r t h a m p t o n C o u n t i e s , P a . ; and W a r r e n C o u n t y ,
N .J.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f Irw in L. F e ig e n b a u m , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r fo r
O pera tion s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s tu d ie d ________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O ccu pa tiona l ea rn ings:
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and w o m e n _________________________ _
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and
w o m e n ____________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

4

6

7
9
10
11
12

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e
B -2.
B -3.

S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ________________________________________

15
16

B -6.
B -7.

H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n and f r e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t __________________________________________________________

21

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

areas.

iii

NOTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s a r e
(See in side b a ck c o v e r .)

available

fo r other

22
23




I n t r o d u c t io n

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts su r v e y s of occu pa tion a l earnings
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e ; and
services.
M a jo r in d u stry gro u p s ex clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies a re
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a nd e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i. o n s s t u d ie d t o w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S ep arate tabu lation s are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u ll- t i m e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th ose h ire d to w o r k a re g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , ' h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s pre se n te d r e fle c t co m p o s ite , a reaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h i n in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e su r v e y s a re con d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , all e sta b lis h m e n ts a re given th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O ccupations

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
da t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and not the n u m b e r
actu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta.
E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica— Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
r e l a t e t o pla n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
as a s epa ra te w o r k f o r c e a re e x clu ded .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e

2

w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
(inclu din g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs"
in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or rela ted fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in du stries.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts are m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l en tran ce ra tes fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h if t at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S cheduled
w e e k ly h o u rs a re th o s e w h ich f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ;
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a ll
pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Su m s o f individual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rou nding.

D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( ta b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to da ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y gra n te d a re in clu d e d e v e n though th e y m a y fall on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f the p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e a nd h a lf
h o lid a y s to show total h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( ta b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d t o a
statistical m e a s u re of va cation p r o v is io n s .
It is n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r pa y m en t on
o t h e r th an a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a tic a l" b enefits beyond b a s ic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta o n h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fund o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f
in su ra n c e under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh pa ym en ts a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's pay during a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i lln e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e ith e r o r both ty p e s of b e n e fit s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plans.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n onprofit org a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s o f r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e and i n ­
c e n t i v e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a id
t o a ll e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u al w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e l o w th e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s pla,n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o is p r o v i d e d o n the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h the r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f the i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n o n t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f the l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is p a id
f o r e a c h unit o f ou tpu t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s than s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d o n a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a lu e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .

table

D a ta
B -7.

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

p rovid ed

in

4
T a b le 1. Establishmen ts and w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f survey and num ber studied in A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —Easton, Pa.—N.J .,1
by major industry division,2 May 1 9 7 0
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s ______

_
_

—

___

_
_

P ercen t

T o t a l4

524

133

1 2 6 ,7 3 1

100

9 1 ,7 3 4

1 6 ,2 4 6

7 3 ,6 9 1

50
-

366
158

69
64

9 9 ,8 4 5
2 6 , 8 86

79
21

7 4 ,5 3 4
1 7 ,2 0 0

1 1 ,4 5 2
4 , 7 94

5 6 ,8 1 9
1 6 ,8 7 2

50
50
50
50
50

33
22
61
16
26

18
7
18
9
12

7 ,4 3 5
1 ,6 8 6
1 1 ,8 7 7
3 , 149
2 , 739

9
3
2

__

M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ _______________ ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 --------------------------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e _______ _______ ________________
R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 8 ---------------------------------- — _________ _

O ffic e

6

1

4 , 7 19
(6 )
(6)
(7 )
( 6)

1 , 277
(6)
(6 )
( 6)
(6)

6 , 0 94
6 00
6 , 237
2 , 3 88
1, 553

1 T h e A lle n t o w r r -B e t h le h e r r r -E a s t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L e h ig h a n d N o r t h a m p t o n C o u n t i e s , P a . ;
a n d W a r r e n C o u n t y , N .J . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r
f o r c e in c lu d e d in
th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a
to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t re n d s o r le v e ls
s i n c e (1) p la n n in g
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
* T h e 1 96 7 e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m l i m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
of
d a ta
f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t
s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n ot
d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t f o u r - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e A l le n t o w ir B e t h le h e r r m E a s t o n a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r i n g f i r m s . T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e
m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c in d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r i n g :
In d u stry g r o u p s
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ------------ 24
A p p a r e l and o th e r t e x tile
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------20
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d

S p e c i f i c i n d u s t r ie s
B l a s t fu r n a c e a n d b a s i c
s t e e l p r o d u c t s ------------------------------- 21
W o m e n 's a n d m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r _________________________ 9

supplies------------------------------------ 9
M achinery, except electrical
9

General industrial
m achinery_____________________ 6

T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ----------------------- 6
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 5
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 5

C o m m u n i c a t io n e q u ip m e n t _______ 4

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

W a g e

T re n d s

for

S e le c te d

P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e Z a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e da te o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

O c c u p a tio n a l

G ro u p s

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
M ethod o f C om putin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a nd (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p was a s sig n e d a con sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r all o c c u p a t i o n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r Z c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): c/m ce cien cai i
Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard opera tore, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n ge r e f l e c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

T a b l e 2.
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a la rie s a n d s tra ig h t-tim e hourly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s in
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —Easto n, P a . —N J . , M a y 1 9 7 0 a n d M a y 1 9 6 9 , a n d p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e 1 f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
A ll in d u s tr ie s
P e r io d

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d e s
(m e n )

M a n u fa c t u r in g
U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

O ffic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n an d
w om en)

In d ex es (F e b r u a r y
M a y 1 9 7 0 ..............................................................................................
M a y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------- --------------------- --------------------------

117. 0

111.2

132. 7
120. 7

122. 4
112. 1

122. 3
1 1 1 .7

In d e x e s (F e b r u a r y
M a y 1 9 7 0 __________________________________________________
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 _________________________ __________________

139. 8
119. 5

146. 2
110. 2

145. 8
119. 1

143. 6
117. 5

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n an d
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m e n )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w ork ers
(m e n )

1967=100)
115. 3
110. 9

132. 7
120. 7

122. 2
1 1 1 .9

no. 8

146. 2
2

144. 8
118. 5

137. 7
116. 0

9. 9
7. 4
12. 4
2. 8
2—1 . 4
3. 9
2. 0
2. 0
. 5
4. 2

9.
4.
7.
4.
2.
3.
2.

7.
5.
4.
2.
3.
2.
2.
1.
2.
1.

118. 8

1961=100)

138. 2
119. 8

110.

P e rce n ts o f ch an ge 1
M a y 1 9 6 9 t o M a y 1 9 7 0 ------------ ----------------------------------J u n e 1 9 6 8 t o M a y 1 9 6 9 - ______________________________
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 t o J u n e 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 6 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 ----------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 5 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 6 ----------------------------F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 4 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 5 ___________________
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 4 ___________________
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 2 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 ___________________
F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 1 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 2 ----------------------------M a r c h I 9 6 0 t o F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 1 _______________________




1
2

5.
5.
5.
2.
3.
2.
1.
2.
5.
4.

3
8
2
7
7
6
1
7
3
1

9. 9
7 .4
12. 4
2. 8
2- 9
3. 4
2. 5
1. 5

.5
4. 2

9. 2
4. 4
7. 5
3. 9
2 .9
3. 1
2. 7
1. 5
3. 8
3. 2

9.
5.
5.
2.

5
5
8
1

2 .9
2 .9
3. 4
2. 6
2. 4
1. 7

4.
6.
4.
2.
5.
2.
.
2.
5.
4.

0
2
5
2
2
0
7
6
7
7

A ll ch a n g e s a r e in c r e a s e s u n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
T h i s d e c r e a s e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s r a t h e r t h a n s a l a r y

N O T E : P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r t h e A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n a r e a u s e d F e b r u a r y 1 96 1
a s th e b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to th e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d iv id in g th e m b y th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g
i n d e x n u m b e r s f o r F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 o n t h e F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 1 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in t h e t a b l e .
(T h e r e s u lt
s h o u ld b e m u lt i p l ie d b y 1 0 0 .)

2
3
3
0
8
0
6

1.6
3. 3
3. 1

d ecrea ses.

2
7
8
7
1
9
7
1
3
2

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l earn in g s

T a b le A-1.

Of f ice oc cu p a t io n s — men and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A llen tow n —B eth leh em — a sto n , P a ,— .J ., M ay 1970)
E
N
Weekly Tarni ngs, ^^
( standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e w eek ly e a rn in g s o f $

weekly
(standard)

55
Mean*

Median2

Middle range2

t

t
60

S
65

$
70

$
75

s

$
80

85

$
90

(
ICO

5
n o

i

*
1 20

130

1 40

$
150

$
1 60

170

i
180

S
19 C

200

210

220

-

and
und er

and

65

70

75

80

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

85

90

100

1
1
14
6

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

2 CC

210

220

over

3
3

5
4

3
2

40
30

12
8

9
7

13
8

44
37

28
21

9
9

6
6

15
15

15
15

14
7

32
20

15
11

10
10

13
13

11
11

1
1

60

1
1

1
“

9
9

7
7

4

4
4

1
1

3
i

n o

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

203
166

39.5
40.0

$
171.00
174.50

$
176.00
177.50

$
$
140.00-189.00
145.50-194.00

C L E R KS, ACCOUNT I NG, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

i n
80

38.5
39.5

1 2 1 . CO
126.00

115.00
126.00

109.00-135.00
111.50-144.00

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

52
46

39.5
39.0

162.00
163.00

175.50
176.00

146.00-178.50
144.00-178.50

O F F I C E B OYS --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

45
37

38.5
39.0

87.00
86.00

85.50
86.50

69.5068.00-

98.50
98.50

B I L L E R S , MACHI NE ( B I L L I N G
M A C H I N E ) ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

35
33

39.0
39.5

83.50
84.00

83.50
84.00

80.5081.00-

90.00
92.50

B I L L E R S , MAC HI N E ( B O O K K E E P I N G
M A C H I N E ) ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

52
25

39.5
39.0

91.00
99.00

91.00
95.00

83 .0 0 - 95.00
91.00-112.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

85
57
28

38.5
38.0
39.0

98.00
103.50
87.00

101.00
103.50
84.50

82.50-107.00
97.50-117.50
80 .0 0 - 97.00

C L E R K S , AC C O U N T I N G , CLASS A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

1 67
131
36

39.5
39.5
39.5

122.00
125.00
111.50

122.00
123.50
106.00

107.50-133.50
114.50-134.00
101.00-119.50

CLERKS, a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s b —
M A N U F A C T U R I NG -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

326
2 30
96

39.5
39.5
38.5

96.50
98.00
94.00

91.50
92.50
89.00

8 2 . 5 0 - 1 1 1 . OC
83.00-114.00
81.50-106.00

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

50
46

40.0
39.5

122.00
121.00

121.00
116.00

108.00-133.00
107.50-133.00

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

202
188

39.5
39.5

97.50
9 7 . OC

98.00
96.50

83.00-112.00
82.50-109.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS
NONMANUFACT URI NG

C ---------------------------------------------------

103
44

39.0
38.0

89.50
71.50

85.00
74.00

75.50-106.50
6 4 . 0 0 - 80.00

C L E R K S , ORDER ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

229
224

40.0
40.0

113.00
113.50

114.00
115.50

90.00-132.50
89.50-132.50

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

253
222
31

39.0
39.5
38.5

100.50
101.50
93.00

94.50
95.00
87.50

89.50-113.00
9 0 . 5 0 - 1 1 4 . OC
80.50-102.50

KEYPUNCH O PERAT ORS, CLASS A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

130
118

39.5
40.0

119.50
120.50

123.00
124.50

102.50-134.50
1 0 7 . 0 0 - 1 3 4 . 5C

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

_

2
2

*

-

6
6

7
4

i

2
1

7
7

7
6

1
1

~

6
6

3
3

5
3

14
14

5
5

7
7

2
“

16
5

2
“

18
8

3
3

29
25
4

3
3

12
12

-

19
12
7

26
13
13

20
12
8

47
45
2

23
21
2

13
12
l

23
20
3

12
9
3

9

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

2
2

21
21

4
i

1
i

_

_

-

-

1
1

I
1

4
3
1

i
1

_
-

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

9
2
7

_

-

1
1

2

-

_

WOMEN

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta ble.




.

_

“

_
“

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
2
3

11
7
4

12
4
8

2
-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

i
i
-

_
-

53
38
15

45
28
17

67
53
14

24
14
10

35
22
13

_

7
7

9
9

9
9

“
-

~

13
10
3

41
24
17

-

2

2
2

n
9
2

-

10
9
i

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
6

2
2

2
2

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

l
i

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
4

4
4

9
8

25
25

14
13

31
31

18
17

43
43

31
22

15
14

5
5

2
2

10
10

14
10

14
10

_

14

22

14

1

_

_

16
16

7
7

3
3

32
32

45
40

9
9

16
16

37
37

25
25

15
15

5
5

10
10

8
8

5
5

4
3
i

9
8
i

28
21
7

19
15
4

86
81
5

35
33
2

21
20
1

28
26
2

5
4
i

2
2

2
-

5
5

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

_

_

2
2

4
2

24
20

13
10

17
17

27
27

27
27

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

—

-

-

*

n

6
6

10
7

-

“

8

T a b l e A- 1 .

Office oc cu p a t io n s — men and w o m e n ------Con t i n ue d

(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e we ekl y hour s and ea rn in gs f o r se l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a re a b as is by in du str y di v is i o n , Allentown— th le hem — st o n, Pa.—N.J ., Ma y 1970)
Be
Ea
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g st r a i g h t - t im e w eek ly ea rn in gs of—

Average
weekly

Sex, occ up a tio n, and in dus tr y d i v is io n

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

ICO

110

120

130

HO

150

160

170

180

19C

200

210

220

65

70

75

80

85

9C

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

20C

210

220

over

115.50
115.00
116.50
127.50

15

15

10
10

18
18

158
128
20

127
111
16

and
under

(standard)

60

WOMEN - CONTINUED
39.5
40.0
37.5
39.0

$

8 8 .5 0 102 .50 103.50
9 0.5 0103.50 105.50
8 3.5 09 9 . 5 0 101.00
1 1 5 . CO 120.00 1 1 5 . 0 0 -

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

333
248

OFFICE GIRLS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

129

101

39.5
39.5

95.00
95.50

95.00
96.50

9 0 .0 0 8 9.5 0-

100.50
105.50

SECRETARIES4--------------- -----------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------

934
764
170

39.0
39.5
37.5

122.50
126.00
107.00

118.50
123.50
98.00

102 .00 106 .50 9 0 .5 0 -

139.00
151.50
115.50

SECRETARIES* CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

149

156.50
157.00

156.00
157.00

126 .50 1 30 .00 -

162.50
162.50

SECRETARIES* CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

229
185

39.0
39.5
38.0

126.00
128.50
116.00

121.00
123.00
105.00

1 09 .00 1 13 .00 9 5 .5 0 -

133.50
135.50
125.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

369
302

39.0
39.5
37.0

118.50
121.50
105.00

112.50
115.50
98.00

102 .50 1 05 .50 9 1 .0 0 -

135.00
135.00
125.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D --------------------------

186
144

39.5
39.5
37.5

112.00
88.00

106.50

98.50
105.50
90.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------- -----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

427
308
119

39.0
39.5
38.5

102.50
102.50
103.00

100.00

8 7 .5 0 8 8 .5 0 8 2 .0 0 -

118.00
112.00
126.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

390
329

39.5
39.5

1 1 3 . CC 1 1 1 . 5 0 1 0 0 . 5 0 1 1 2 . 5 0 112.00 1 0 1 . 0 0 9 2.0 01 1 3 . 5 0 110.00

125.50
125.00
136.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

39.5
40.0

1 0 8 . CC 1 1 2 . 5 0
108 .50 115.00

9 1 .0 0 9 3 .5 0 -

125.00
123.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

39.5
40.0

88.50
87.50

89.00
87.00

7 1.0 07 0 .0 0 -

lC l.5 0
101.00

39.5
39.0

92.50
92.50
93.00

90.00
8 9 . 50
95.00

8 5.5 08 5 .5 0 8 6 .5 0 -

102.50
102.50
106.00

40.0
40.0

106.00
105.00

110.00

8 9 .5 0 9 0 .0 0 -

119.50
118.50

38.5
39.5
37.5
39.0

96.50
107.50
87.00
105.50

101.00

7 9 .5 0 100 .50 7 3 .5 0 1 05 .50 -

110.00
113.50
1 C 5. 5 0
113.00

MANUFACTURING

------------------------

133

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION I STS
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

168
143
25

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

220

TY P IS TS , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

243
117
126

198

99.00
99.50

108.50

106.00
83.50
110.50

2

H6
90

8

117

112

9 1 .0 0 125.50
9 3.0 0133.50
8 1 .0 0 - 55.00

1 Standard hour s r e f le c t the w or k w e e k fo r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir re g u l ar st r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m ra t e s) , and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d
to these w eek ly ho ur s.
2 The m ea n is co m p u t e d f o r e a ch jo b by totaling the ea rn in gs of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the num be r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e di an de s ig na te s pos iti on— ha lf o f the e m p l o y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m id dl e range is define d b y 2 rate s o f pay; a fou rt h of the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the l o w e r of t hes e ra te s and a fourth ea rn m o r e than
the hi ghe r rate.
2 T ra ns po r t at io n, c o m m u n i c a t io n , and other public ut ilities.
4 May inclu de w o r k e r s oth er than those pr e se nt ed se p ar at e ly .




9
Ta b le A -2 .

P rofessional and technical o c c u p a tio n s — men and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , May 1970)
N.
Weekly earnings 2
(standard)

Sex, occupation, 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

d u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g straight - t i m e w eek ly ea rnings o f—

(standard)

$

$

Average
weekly

65
Mean 3

Median3

Middle range3

)
70

$

$

i

75

80

85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

*
110

$

*
120

130

S
140

$
150

170

$

i

$

%

160

180

190

$

%

200

210

and
under
70

220
and

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

2CC

210

220

over

5

120

12
12

49
49

78
78

70
70

34
31

23
21

18
18

30
18

15
15

MEN

$

$

$

CLASS

A ------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------------------

334
317

40.0
40.0

178.00
176.50

174.00
172.50

164.00-191.50
163.00-186.00

DR A FTSME N, C L A S S
MANUFACTURING

B ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

357
346

40.0
40.0

157.00
156.00

153.00
153.00

1 43.00-172.00
143.00-171.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFA CTURING

C -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

285
265

40.0
40.0

129.50
127.50

127.50
126.00

1 19.50-140.50
1 19 .50-134.50

---------------------------------------------

33

40.0

115.50

130.00

9 9.0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

45
44

40.0
40.0

144.00
144.00

148.00
148.00

132.50-159.00
132.00-159.50

DR A FTS ME N!

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

$

5
_

_

_

“

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

4
3

26
25

“

“

2

2

-

*

2

2

2

1

_

-

-

2
2

9
8

27
27

92
90

67
66

53
53

43
43

39
37

9
9

7
2

32
32

83
83

56
56

28
28

25
17

8
8

4

8
3

_

-

”

6

14

1

5

4

6

11

5

4

5

11

8
8

9

1

9

-

2

i
i

-

8
8

-

9
8

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

WOMEN

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

1 Salaries of computer occupations are omitted from this report.
2 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates) , and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
3 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A -l.




10

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , professional, and technical o c c u p a tio n s — m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , May 1970)
N.
Average

Average
Number
of

O cc up a tio n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

35
33

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------- —

52
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------- —

94
66
28

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

437

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

3 8 .0

9 7 .5 0

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

213
198

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

103
44

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 9 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

clerks,

305
268
37

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

130
118

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0

336
251
85
.2 7

3
4
3
3

102
103
99
115

310
127

—

Average

O cc up a tio n and indu stry d iv is io n

9
0
7
9

.5
.0
.5
.0

1 5 2 .5 0

111.00

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

Number
of

(standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

174
138

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES3------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

946
776

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 0 7 .0 0

149
133

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 4 6 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

229
185

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

44

3 8 .0

1 1 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

371
304
67

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

196
154
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

1 1 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

436
317
119

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS4

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- ---------------

391
330
61

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

SWITCH80AR0 OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

43
29

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

62
52

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION IS TS MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

168
143

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

170

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 4 9 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0

370
297
73

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-----------------------

Weekly

1 0 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------- —

p a y r o l l -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------- —
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------- —

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

—

$
8 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

KEYPUNCH o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s a ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

O cc up a tio n and in dus tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

1 0 9 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

25
25

40.0
40.0

$
165.00
165.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

34
34

40.0
4 0.0

126.50
126.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

25
25

40.0
40.0

109.00
109.00

typists,

c l a s s a -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

222
200

40.0
4 0.0

106.50
105.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------------------

245
119
126
39

38.5
39.5
37.5
39.0

96.50
107.00
87.00
104.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------------

334
317

40.0
40.0

178.00
176.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

363
352

40.0
40.0

156.00
155.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

286
266

40.0
4 0.0

129.50
127.50

1 1 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------------------------------------------------

25

42

39.5

112.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------

45
44

40.0
4 0.0

144.00
144.00

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.
4 Salaries of computer occupations are omitted from this report.




11

T a b le A -4 .

M ain te na n ce and p ow e rp la nt o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly earni ngs fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c up a tio ns stud ied on an a r e a b a s is by in dus tr y d i v is i o n , Al len to w n— et hl eh em — a s t o n , P a . — J. , M a y 1970)
B
E
N.
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e ho ur ly earn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings 1

O cc up a tio n and ind ust ry di vis io n

Number
of
workers

$
Under
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range £

$

2 .8 0

2

2 .9 0

$
3 .7 7
3 .7 7

36 J

3 .9 3
3-93

3
144

M ECHANICS,

PUBLIC

" M 1 N 1 LriAiiV/t.

$
3 .3 6 3 .3 6 -

i*o n
•

3

60

3 .2 7
3 .3 0

3 .2 7
3 .2 7

/
1*
, * :
*

141
HAl/M 1 nil 5 1 j |

06

$
3 .8 4
3 .0 4

.

j

Z

tly

$
3 .9 4
3 .9 1

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

i

3

00

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3

90

4 .0 0

4 .10

4 .20

4

30

4 .4 0

%
4 50

*

90

4 .6 0

4

70

4 .8 0

5

00

3 .0 0

3

10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4

00

4 .1 0

4 .20

4 .3 0

4

40

4 .5 0

4

60

4 .7 0

4

80

5 .0 0

5

20

a

$

13
13

13
13

18
1-8

1

3
3

4 .Z

t^

3 .5 1
3 .5 1

20
20

7

*

45
45

' 'O
28

>8
36

„6
25

20
28

8
8

33
33

$

1$

$
T

11
11

32
32

41
39

8
8

17
17

29

8

26

8

,

L6

44
44

22
22

26

18

\

8
8

24
24

18
2

52
52

2

20
20

/
m
/ *n-»
*

3 .1 0 3 .1 4 -

23
23

*33

77
77

16

11
11

22

AUTO MOTIVE

U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------------

137
156
148

^

^

3 .8 7

13
3 .1 9 -

4 .2 6

-

-

-

10

32
32

3 .4 1 3 .4 1

4 .4 7
4 .4 7

-

3

10

-

4

3 .9 5

3 95
3 .9 5

3 .9 5

3 .3 9 -

4 .3 6

3 .4 6
3 .4 6

3 .5 3
3 .5 3

3 .2 4 3 .2 4 -

3 .7 3
3 .7 3

105
104

3 52
3 .5 3

3

3

3

3 .5 2

3 . 34-

3 .5 9

3 .8 4
3 .0 4

3 .8 6
3 .0 6

3 .3 6 3 .3 6

4 .3 2
4 .3 2

'

3 .7 9 3 .7 9 -

4 .7 9
4 .7 9

37

4 I 37

3 .9 5

52

t
4 > 1

33

59

5

-

7
7

2

-

-

2

8
.

3
1

13

-

2

5

8
8

29
29

32
32

13

58

92

13

58

92

8
8

2
2

11
11

13

12

11
11

39
39

-

16
16

1

12

10
3r0

22
22

38
38

22

25

16

17
17

21

16
16

7

9
8

21

5

10

18

6

18

6

-

33
33

114
114

38
38

31
31

11
1

11

18
41
41

10
10

u

-

30
30

-

14
14

_
18
5

2

33

2

-

6

23
23

13
13

5

-

-

13
13

-

20
20

33

36

10
10

and late shi fts.

-

81
66
15
15

19
14

15
15

1

h o l id a y s ,

2

-

1

5

16
16

144
144
j

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
2 F o r def inition o f t e r m s , s e e footno te 2, table A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c p m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r p u bl ic ut i lities.




J

L2

95

171
171

------------------------------------------------

3 .9 7
3 .9 7

143
143

m a n u f a c t u r in g

--------------------------------

706
70 j

104
104

MAINTENANC E

32

7

3 * 94
4 .0 4
4 .0 6

116

MECHANICS,

$

and
under

S
2 .8 0

138
134

I

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

59
59

14
14

20
20

1 2

Ta b le A -5 .

Custodia l and material m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d iv is io n , A llen tow n — eth leh em —E a sto n ,
B

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings2

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u str y d iv is io n

i
>0 1 . 7 0

Number
of
Mean'*

Median*

Middle range*

G U AR D S AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

379
288

$
2 .7 6
3 .3 1

$
1 .8 0

$

t

$

$

$
2.3C

2 .6 0

s
2 80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

S
3.2 0

S
3 .4 0

$

2 .20

S
2 .7 0

$

2.1 0

*
2.5 0

$

2.0 0

S
2 .4 0

$

1.9 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

t
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2.1 0

2 .2 0

2 .30

2.4 0

2.5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 90

3 .0 0

3 20

3.4 0

3 .6 0

3.8 0

4.0 0

4.2C

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

over

37
17

9
8

13
8

8

32
26

21
20

4

18
12

“

16
14

2
2

6
6

20
20

143
143

8
8

3
3

1
1

~

”

~

“

64
62
2

45
45

17
17

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

41
38
3
3

35
30
5

_
-

149
149

188

_
-

-

32
31

81

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_
-

39
39

4
4

_
*

_
_

_
_
-

$

$

d
ro 1 . 8 0

$
2.7 0
2 .9 4

M ay 1970)

$
$
2 . 0 8 - 3.3 4
2 . 3 7 - 3 .3 6

2
~

16

WATCHMEN:
------------------------------------------------

76

2 .2 4

2 .2 7

2 .0 9 -

2 .3 7

-

-

13

-

7

-

26

18

-

4

-

6

2

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A CT U R IN G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

1 ,2 5 1
1 ,0 3 3
218
50

2.6 1
2 .6 8
2.2 6
2 .8 9

2 .7 1
2.7 2
2 .1 3
2 .9 3

2 .3 8 2 .5 7 1 .9 1 2 .8 5 -

2 .7 8
2 .7 9
2 .7 5
2.9 9

9

27
7
20

53
38
15

66
54
12

53
12
41

14
2
12

52
42
10

11
7
4

57
44
13
6

60
46
14

139
139

435
425
10
1

25
9
16
12

26
5
21
21

68
58
10
10

3

3
3

-

1

3
3

MANUFACTURING

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , ANO C L E A N E R S
( WO M E N ) ----------------------------------------------------------------------

a
8

_
-

14
2
12

7
3
4

3.9 6
3.67
4 .2 7
4 .2 8

_

5

16
12
4

2 .6 9 2 .5 5 -

3 .2 4
3.0 2

-

_
-

9
9

9
8

i
“

2.3 6
2 .3 7

2 .1 3 2 .1 3 -

2.6 7
2.6 7

-

-

-

20
20

40
40

81
76

3 .0 3
3.1 0
2.8 5

3.0 9
3 .0 8
3.1 9

2 .6 4 2 .6 9 2 .2 6 -

3.3 4
3.81
3.2 9

-

*

_
“

_
-

-

2

1

2

1

116
112

3 .3 5
3 .3 6

3.1 2
3.1 3

2 .9 5 2 .9 7 -

3 .8 5
3.8 5

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

131
113

3.0 8
3.1 0

3 .1 3
3 .1 4

3 .0 2 3 .0 3 -

3.2 3
3.2 5

T R U C K U R I V E R S 5 ---------------------------------------------------------

1 ,1 6 5
396
769
599

3.8 7
3 .3 9
4.1 2
4.3 9

4 .2 0
3.3 0
4.2 9
4.4 1

3 .3 7 3 .1 5 4 .2 0 4 .2 6 -

4 .4 2
3.8 5
4.4 5
4 .4 6

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------- ---------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

164
128
56

2 .3 8
2.5 0
2.1 0

2 .4 4
2 .6 2
2.1 2

2 .1 2 2 .3 4 1 .8 6 -

2.6 5
2 .6 6
2 .2 8

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

946
688
258
191

3.2 5
3.1 0
3 .6 7
4.1 8

3.2 6
2 .9 1
4 .2 3
4.2 5

2 .6 3 2 .6 2 3 .0 9 4 .2 2 -

OR DE R
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

203
112

2 .8 8
2.6 7

3.0 7
2.7 4

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

340
335

2.4 4
2 .4 4

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

117
84
33

--------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

s h ip p in g

cle r k s

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------------------T R U C K D R I V E R S , LIG H T (UNDER
1 -1 /2
T O N S ) -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

46
29

2 .9 4
3 .1 7

3 .1 1
3 .1 5

2 . 6 5 - 3 .1 7
3 .1 1 — 3 .1 9

T R U C K D R I V E R S , MEDI UM ( 1 - 1 / 2
TO
ANO I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) --------------------------

50

3 .5 8

3.6 5

3 .3 7 -

N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

669
119
550
543

4 .2 3
3 .5 2
4.3 9
4 .4 1

4 .2 9
3.4 7
4 .4 2
4 .4 2

4 . 2 2 - 4 .4 6
3 . 2 4 - 3 .8 8
4 . 2 6 - 4 .4 7
4 .2 6 - 4 .4 7

T R U C K D R I V E R S , H EA VY ( O V E R 4 T O N S ,
OT H ER THAN T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

176
87

3 .3 7
3 .2 8

3.3 6
3.3 8

3 .1 2 2 .9 3 -

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAVY (O V E R 4 T O N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




3 .9 5

3.92
3.92

5

*

”

“

14
12
2

6
3
3

20
6
14

18
17
1

10
7
3

6
3
3

68
68

*

3

“

-

16
16

86
86

6

-

~

~

60
56
4

6
6

ii

98
96
2

37
37

15

23
8
15

6

“

30
30

1

15
14

30
29

7
7
12
12

10

-

10
15

-

_
-

_
-

*

-

-

-

-

“

6
6

15
15

26
26

9
9

7
7

79
79

8
8

15
6
9

-

-

1

7
7

9
9

-

_

_

-

ii
u

3

-

3

-

-

_

3

_

12
12

*

-

2
2

-

12
7
5

12
12

9
7
2

-

8

8

15
3
12

“

_

-

_

_

i

_
_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

2
2

32
28
4

19
5
14

~
2

-

-

8
6

1

12
12

34
34

3
3

_
-

8
8

16
16

8
8

3
2

4
4

5
5

8

"

6
6

64
54

21
21

12
12

-

-

6
6

_
-

_

-

-

15
13
2

23
21
2
1

59
54
5
3

150
90
60

124
47
77
1

26
25
1
1

40
34
6
6

249

336

“

249
249

336
336

5
4

i
i
_

“

_

~

_

12
7

6
6

8
6

_

-

_

-

_

“

4

ii

3

22

-

-

7
7

37
37

2
2

21
21

30
24
6
6

215

322

-

215
215

322
322

14
14

10
10

8

14

-

1

5

_
-

2
2

-

-

1

-

2

1

22
20
2

-

5

_

_

_

9
9

9
9

64
9

2

79
79

5
5

3

2

_

22
22

“

-

-

2

i
“

18
18

_
-

~

~

”

6
6

168
188

5
5

3
3

-

-

“

~

1

-

_
_
-

15
3

-

121
121

_
_
~
-

2

-

-

-

_
_
-

“

1

i

-

*

-

10
8

2

3
3

_
-

-

1

14
3

-

-

-

5
5

12
12

-

"

_
“

-

-

-

_
”

_

13
T a b le A - 5 .

Custodia l and material m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ------C o n tin u e d

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , May 1970)
N.
Nu mb e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

Hourly earnings^

$
1 .6 0
Mean3

M edian3

Middle range3

TRUCKERS»

POWER

--------------------------------------

(OTHER

478
95

$
3.1 9
3 .1 6
3 .3 3

$
3.1 0
3.0 6
3.2 8

$
2 .9 0 2 .8 5 3 .2 3 -

$
3.6 4
3.7 1
3.3 6

3*30

manu fac turing

3 * 0/

2 .9 9 -

$
1.8 0

$
1 .9 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2.00 2 . 1 0

-

-

-

$

2.0 0 2 . 1 0

t r a ig h t -t i m e ho ur ly ea rnings o f—

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

2 .6 0

$
$
2 .7 0 2 .8 0

$
2.9 0

$
3.0 0

$
3 .2 0

S

2.20

$
2.3 0

3.4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4.0 0

$
4.2 0

$
4 .4 0

t
4.6 0

2.3 0

2.4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3.8 0

4.0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

over

-

-

-

49

45

29

43
43

140
140

22

2
2

92
2

25
25

16

6

-

-

$

t

and
under

and

3 .8 2

-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A -l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




$

-

2.20

6

75

8

1

2
2

9

16

n
3

8

THAN

42

1
2
3
4

*
1 .7 0

1 .7 0

O cc u pa t io n 1 and ind ustry di vis io n

Number
of
workers

12

14

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra c tic e s

T a b l e B -1 .

and

s u p p lem en ta ry w a g e

p ro v is io n s

M i n im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffice w o r k e r s

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Allentowrr-Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.-N .J ., May 1970)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in i m u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f ----

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ---------

—

---------------------------------------

-

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c t u r i ng

B a se d on sta n d a rd

40

v e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

133

69

XXX

64

XXX

133

69

XXX

64

XXX

34

18

15

16

10

46

22

17

24

15

$ 5 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ----------------- ------------------------- ------$ 6 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50_--------------------------------------------------------------________ __ ------$ 6 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0
______
_ __
$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50_
—
— _
-----$ 6 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 _
— _
—
$ 7 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 ------- - —
--------------- - ------ —
$ 7 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------$ 7 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------$ 7 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 __________________________________________
$ 8 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0_ —
_ ------- ------ --------$ 8 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------$ 9 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 2 .5 0
------------------- ------------ -------------------$ 9 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------$ 9 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------$ 9 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ------------- ------------ —
-----------$ 1 0 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 -----------------------------------------------------------$ 1 0 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0
------------------------------------------------$ 1 0 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 7 .5 0 ............................... .................. ............
$ 1 0 7 .5 0 a n d o v e r
— —
------

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
2
1
1

1
1
2
3
2
1
1
1
2
1
i

1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1

1
2
-

-

-

i
2
3
-

1
2
3
-

-

-

1
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
1

1
1
2
1
3
5
2
2
-

_

1
1
1
2
4
1
1
-

_
1
2
4
2
4
i
1
i
2
i
2
1

_

1
1
2
2
4
2
6
1
2
1
1
3
2
1
3
1
1

1
1
3
3
3
9
2
6
1
3
1
1
4
3
1
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m --------------------------

22

12

XXX

10

XXX

51

27

XXX

24

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y —
—
- —

77

39

XXX

38

XXX

36

20

XXX

16

XXX

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f ie d m in im u m

-

1
2
2
1
i

1 These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweek reported.




1
2
2
-




15

T a b le

B -2 .

S h i f t d if f e r e n t i a l s

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
A l le n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1970)
N
( A l l p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s
f o r l a t e s h i ft s

L a te -s h ift p a y p r o v is io n

1

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on la te s h ifts

S e c o n d s h i ft

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

S e c o n d s h i ft

________

72. 4

62. 5

15. 7

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _______

3. 2

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ___________

69- 2

62. 5

15. 3

6

54. 3

48. 4

11. 7

5. 9

1. 7

( 2)
4. 1
. 5
. 3
. 1
. 2
. 2
. 2
. 3

T o t a l __________

__

___________________

_

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h i ft

6

. 5

_

0 .4

. 5

T y p e and a m o u n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) --------------------

-------

6

-

7

.9

2 .9
. 8
22. 1
1 1 .7
2. 2
2 .4
. 9
2. 7
1. 0

. 2
. 6
5. 3
. 2
4. 0
. 2
. 2
. 2
. 2
. 1
. 2
. 1

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------------

14. 9

9. 2

3. 7

5 p e r c e n t ---------- -------------- —
------------8 3/ 4 p e r c e n t ____________________
_________ 1 0 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
1 1 V2 p e r c e n t _________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------

1. 2

1. 1
2. 6
3 .9
1. 5

.4
. 2
2. 5
. 6

5 c e n t s _______________________________________
______
6 , 6 Vz , o r 7 c e n t s - _____________
8 c e n t s _______________________________________
9 c e n t s _____________________ ________________
1 0 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------_______ _______ ________
1 1 c e n t s ________
1 2 c e n t s ____________________
________________
14 c e n t s ________ ____________________________
1 4 V3 c e n t s ____________________________________
15 c e n t s ---------------- ----------------------------- ------1 6 o r 18 c e n t s ____________
_______ ______
2 0 c e n t s ______________________________________
2 0 9/ 10 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 1 c e n t s _______________________________________
25 c e n t s ______________________________________

3.
3.
20.
1.
16.
-

7
0
7

. 9
2. 7
■9
1. 5
. 7
1. 0
-

-

1. 1

. 7
3 .9

8

-

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s
p l u s p e r c e n t a g e --------------------- ----------------------

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g , o r
t h o u g h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

5. 0

.

1

-

.

1

-

.
.

2
1

. 4

h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la t e s h i f t s , e v e n

16

T a b le B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly ho u rs

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
A l le n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 970)

1

o f fir s t-s h ift w o rk e rs,

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________

— ____________

32 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------- --------------------35 h o u r s ______ ___________________ ______________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 37V2 h o u r s ------------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------38 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------3 8 4/ s h o u r s . ________________________ ___ _____________
40 h o u r s ________________
_____ _____________ _____
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s -------- -----------------------4 8 h o u r s — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — —
50 h o u r s _______ __________________________ _____ —

1
2
3
4

5

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

13

-

-

-

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

1

-

( 5)

12
( 5)
6

6

-

-

-

78
1
2
(5)

79
1
1

94
1
5

6
3
14
2
3
73
( 5)
( 5)

-

-

13
4
81
-

22

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s tha n 0.5 p e r c e n t .




_
78
(5)

17
T a b le

B -4 .

P a i d h o li d a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , A l le n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . ,
P la n t w o r k e r s

M a y 1 97 0)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s

A ll w o r k e r s

_______________________

_____

_
_

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s -------- --------------------------------- —
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s -------- ----------------------------------------------

1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll in d u s t r ie s

3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t il it i e s

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

99

100

100

2

-

-

-

2

-

(4 )

N u m ber of days
2

2

_

1

1

6

9

5

-

1

1

5
-

4
(4 )
5
14
4

2

6

L e s s th a n 6 h o l id a y s
— — —
h o l id a y s — __ _
_
_ _
_
—
- ____
h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
___ __ ____
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------- ----------7 h o l id a y s _____________ ___ _
_
_____________ ___
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___
___________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s - __________ _________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________
8 h olida y *?
__
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
__
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
_____________ _
9 h o l i d a y s ___ ________ _____________ _____ ______ __
_
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
____
1 0 h o l id a y s ________________________________
___
1 1 h o l id a y s ______________ _______________ ___
1 2 h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------T o t a l h o l id a y t im e

(4 )
25
3
4

29
4
5

-

2

-

-

-

1

13

11

37

23

1

2

-

3
18
3
13
4

4

-

20

8
-

12

43
7

21

4
-

-

7
-

(4 )

-

3
10

1
11

3
3

-

25

26

1

1

-

7

9
15
4

3
3
(4 )

1

3
-

4

59
4

-

-

22

5

12

_

_

_

11

4
19
41
42
59
62
87
87
96
97
98

4
18
42
43
59
63
92
93
98

7
49
58
58
95
95

d a y s _________________________________________________
d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------1 0 d a y s o r m o r e ----------- --------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e _______ _____________________________
8 l/z d a y s o r m o r e __
— _________________________
8 days o r m o re
- — -------- — ---------- -----------7 l/z d a y s o r m o r e _ ________
___________________ —
7 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________ _
_
6 l/z d a y s o r m o r e
----------_ ____________
6 days o r m o re
- __ ____
___________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------2 d a y s o r m o r e ___
_ — ____ ___________________
_

100
100
100

100

100

100

100

(4 )
4
28
46
47
72
76
95
95
98
98
99

.

.

4
30
54
55
82
85
97
97
99

4
63
66
66

93
93
100
100
100

100

100

100

100

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s
a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .
1

2

3




i n c lu d e s

t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s

18

P a id v a c a tio n s 1

Ta b le B -5 .

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N .J ., M a y 1 97 0)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------------

-----------

—

--------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

77
23

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

100

72
28

98

100

1

2

-

-

-

(5 )

-

22

24

-

10

10

11

11

20

64
3

16
-

100

M eth od o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s —__________________—_______ _ _ __
_ _ _
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a ym en t P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t-------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________
A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y
A fte r

6

-

6

m o n th s o f s e r v i c e

U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------- ----------__— _ - - - - - - - _—__— __
_
1 w e e k —- - - - - - - - - - ___ - _—
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w eeks
__________ ___ ___ ----------- ----

_

5

6

-

54
7

2

2

-

(5 )

1

-

77

76

61
34
5
-

23
<5)
75

9

95

89

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k —------------------------------------ —
_ _
— O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s — ----------------2 w e e k s — --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------- — ----- ------- —
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s — — --------------------- -

2
12

3
4
2

13
3
5
3

2
_

1

2
_

-

3
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------—-------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s — -----------------------------2 w e e k s ——
— — — —— — — — — —
—
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------- -------- _
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------

58
6

26
3
4
2

63
5
20

3
5
3

2

34
64
-

8

8

( 5)
90

( 5)
90
-

6
2

2

-

-

-

3

<1
*>

92
-

98

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------- — —
— - ---------------- _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w eeks —
— —— — _—— —— — — — — —
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------ -------------- —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------- — _______

-

13

12

8

10

66

4

64
3

6

8

34
-

2

3

-

66

2
1

1

93
( 5)
4

91
-

2

6

-

-

*

1

91

-

98

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w eeks —
, . ...
__„r
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
—
—
3 w e e k s ______________________ __ ________________ _ _
_
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
—
----1

8

10

-

67
4

66

66

3

34

1

1

2

6

8

-

4

6

-

2

3

-

-

-

12

10

1

1

( 5)
93

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k - . __ ____________________________ .— . ~
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------- — ----------------------2 w e e k s - .- . . .
.............. .
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s __ — _ — ______ —_— _____ —— — __ ___
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________

r

S ee fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le .




,r

-

1

1

1

-

78
5

79
3
9
3

57
42

(5 )
84
5

6

8
2

6

1

10

'

1
-

( 5)
85
1

13

-

54
46
( 5)

19

T a b le

B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ------C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , A lle n t o w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . ,
P la n t w o r k e r s

M a y 1 97 0)

O ffice w o rk e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3

5
19
10
60
4
2

5
18
11
60

i
16
2
78

3

.
_
8
66
26

3

-

5
16
8
65
4
2

5
14
10
66

5
12
4
58

5
10
5
62

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------- -----------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------- ------3 w e e k s ___________________- ____________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______ ________ ______
4 w e e k s ______________________________________
______

i
12
2
80
_

95
2

3

4

-

1
10
4
82

1
6
5
84
_

_
_
_
98

3

.
66
34

3

-

3

4

-

1

1
3
2
72

_

( 5)

3

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s - ___
____
4 w e e k s ___________________________________ ___________

( 5)

2

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________ ____
--------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------ ----------------------------- _
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s
_
5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

3

17
1

15
-

-

_
_
52
16
6
26

4

1
73

_

48
44
6
2

i

"

i
3
13
( 5)
76
6
1

.
1
-

3

16
( 5)
1

22

1
65

1
4
18
(5)
72

34

C )

-

5
( 5)

-

.

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
_____________ ______________________ _______
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s - ____________________ _
3 w e e k s --------------------------------- — ___________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________ ______________________________ _
*
_
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------------5 w e e k s ..........................................................................................
() w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

5
12
4
34

5
10
5
39

.

4

4

36
2
4

32
5

-

-

-

5
12

.

12
5

5
10
5
15
1

47

49

40

15

34
25

97

2
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e r
1 w e e k ..........................................................................................
2 w e e k s ___ ——_ — _______ — —— ___________ ___ _
_
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s - — - ___ - — _
_
_
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w eeks
_______________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
(> w e e k s ------ ------ ------------ — ____________________ — ___ -

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end of ta bl e.




4

2
15

1
-

i
4
14
n
<ii
to
16
( 5)

1
3
7
C )

71
17
1

_

-

i
4 ^
2

ss

20

Ta b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s 1------ C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f pl a nt and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , A l l e n t o w r r - B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . ,
P lan t w o r k e r s

M a y 1970)

O ffice w o rk e rs

V acation p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M anufacturing

P ublic u t il it i e s 3

5
12
4
12
3
46
2
16
_

5
10
5
13
4
47
17

_
1
40
34
25

5
12
4
12
3
46

5
10
5
13
4
47

16

17

Al l i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

Public u t il it i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y *— C o n t i n u e d

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------- -------------------2 w e e k s ------ ---------------------------------------- ---------- ---O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
— ___________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
_
_ _________________ ____
4 w e e k s _________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------- —
6 w e e k s -------------------------------------- — _______ _______

-

i
4
14

(5 )
17
( 5)

i
3
_
7
(5)
71
17
1

1
4
14
( 5)
63
(5)
17
( 5)

1
3
7
( 5)
71
17
1

(5)
64

_
_
1
_
43
2
55
-

M a x im u m vacation available
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------- ------------------------------------ --------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------ ----------- ----- --------------------------- ------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s — --------------------------------5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

_
1
40
34
25

_
_
1
35
2
62

1 Includes b a s i c plans only.
E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , and t h o s e p l a n s w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s
w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s dat a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s da t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e
o f a nn u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a nnu al e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and d o no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim ates
a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n
eligible fo r 3 w eek s'
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




21

T a b le B -6 .

H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g h e a lt h ,
A l le n t o w n — e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . - N . J . , M a y 1 97 0)
B

in s u ra n ce ,

o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s ,

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it and
fi n a n c in g 1

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w -------------------

99

99

100

99

99

100

89
80

92
87

100

93
73

100

64

94
69

53
46

52
47

83
61

59
47

54
46

86
75

93

98

78

94

98

56

88
79

95
87

46
34

77
67

91
84

16
15 •

13

13

71

45

L if e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------- --------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 -------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e _ -----------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------S ic k le a v e (f u l l p a y and n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ------ ---------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ----------------------------------------------H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e — ------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----------------------------------M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __ _____________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ------ ---------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------

4
94
81
92
79
82
71
44
38
83
78

1
95
83
94
82
83
73
42
38

86

84

14

68

20

5

100

97
76
93
73

85

100
85

100
85

88
83
84
76

88
68
63
45
89
78

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

84

1

2
100

98
83
97
82
90
75
55
41
90

92

100
92

100
92
97
95
77
33

86
.

.

_______________________________
E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n l y t h o s e p l a n s fi n a n c e d e n t i r e l y
th e e m p l o y e r .
E x clu d e d a r e le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch a s w ork m en * s co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e p la n s a r e li m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s* p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d
by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n an in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
by




22

T a b le

B -7 .

M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n a n d f r e q u e n c y of p a y m e n t

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n 1 a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ,
A l le n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1970)
N
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

67
56
33
23

61
53
34

100

100

100

20

96
96
59
37

76
5
71

81
4
77

83
25
58

8

5

23

8

8

6

M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n 1
P a i d t im e r a t e s -----------------------------------------------------------F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y _______________________________
S in g l e r a t e --------------------------------------------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s ___________ ___ ______________
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on a u to m a tic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g t h o f s e r v i c e ------------------------------------P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on m e r it
r e v i e w __________________ _______________ _
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t i o n o f le n g t h o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w --------------------N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ________ _____ _______
P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s --------------- ----------- ------P i e c e r a t e ----------------------------------------------------------------I n d iv id u a l________________________________________
G r o u p -------------------------------------------------------------------P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s ____________ _______ — ---------I n d iv id u a l--------------------------------- ----- ---------------G r o u p -------------------------------------------------------------------C o m m i s s i o n ------------------ ---------------------------------------

8
10

8

33
15
14

39
17
17

1

17

8
9

1

7

1
21
10
11

2

1

8

54

66

2

9

16

-

24

9
19
-

47
17
-

4
4
4
"
-

M e t h o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

-

F re q u e n cy o f w age paym ent
W e e k l y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------B i w e e k l y _____ ___________________ ___ — ----------- -------- ----- ---------S e m im o n t h l y -----------------------------M o n t h l y __ _____________
___ ___ _________ ____
O t h e r f r e q u e n c y ____________________________________ -

65
34

62
38

1

1

69
28

27
54
14

23
58

-

-

-

2

3
4

2

12

3

................. .............—

1
2
5
4

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n , s e e I n t r o d u c t io n .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s




show n

se p a r a te ly .

37
48
15
-

A p p e n d ix .

O cc u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a ff in c l a s s i fy in g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t to e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O FFIC E
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

F IL E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b il li n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b il li n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d is o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m i n g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , and u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
and s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
t ra n s a ctio n s .
C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n der g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a cco u n ta n t, h as r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g t o o n e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r ib u t io n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t and e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , and
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d i r e c t c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; and p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h is j o b d o e s n ot r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t is fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




23

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te r ia l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n j u n c t io n
a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p l e ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e r fo r m re la te d
c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h on e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g the i t e m s t o m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w u p o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on the p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r in s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .

COM PTOM ETER

O PERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b is n ot t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d i t io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s t o b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r and
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t i o n on th e d o c u m e n t t o d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t i o n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M a y t r a in
in e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

24
KEYPUNCH

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u e d

C la s s B.
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s da ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r io u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta t o b e p u n ch e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o ft e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

B O Y OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m in o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e and d i f f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
.Not a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n ot t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a ll c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s

a ll ,

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
C la s s

a ll ,

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d is u s u a l ly d i v id e d in t o o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; oj*
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; ( c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e b o a r d

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a ­
tions"! e t c . ) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d i v is i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

C la s s

e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r than
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; 0 £
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a ssig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STEN O G RAPH E R,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m on e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )

STENO G RAPH ER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n
cop y .
M a y a l s o s e t up a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y .g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g and r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d i t io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s t o
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

25
S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C la s s C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f i li n g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l la t in g ru n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s t o b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s and o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i r i g - m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k and p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tra n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y a n d d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h and o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fi n a l f o r m w h e n it
in v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t and t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s t o s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u la t o r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s
in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e but s m a ll t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r and m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s a n d s t u d ie s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a re w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a in i n g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a c h in e .

P R O F E S S IO N A L

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

AND

T E C H N IC A L

D R A F T S M A N — C o n t in u e d

D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A .
P la n s the g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t iv e d e s ig n
fe a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l is h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
pon en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w it h a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s tr e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e i v e s in it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f

M A IN T E N A N C E
CARPENTER,

OPERATOR.

OPERATOR

D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s and t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u i r in g c l o s e d e l in e a t i o n .)
and/ or
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
NU RSE,

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k and e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in an e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g .:
P la n ­
n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t io n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;

d r a w i n g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .

W o r k is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

I N D U S T R I A L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g ;
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g ou t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

AND

M A IN T E N A N C E




c o m p o n e n t s and c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n .
C o n s o li d a t e s d e t a il s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a re le s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

PO W ER PLA N T

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

26
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d t o o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g and
e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s and
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h p o w e r ,
h ea t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t i n g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M a y a ls o su ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y in g m o r e th a n on e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s t o fu r n i s h th e e s t a b l is h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w it h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l ie d w it h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il le d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d t o p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fin e d t o s u p p ly in g , li f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e is p e r m it t e d t o p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll-t im e b a s is .
M A C H I N E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e la t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n ­
n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n to
a ch ie v e r e q u is it e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u t t in g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l and d ie j o b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n t e r p r e t in g
w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t io n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g up a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T I V E (M A I N T E N A N C E )

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t i v e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t i n v o l v e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l li n g




A U T O M O T IV E

(M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n t in u e d

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e l s ,
a d ju s t in g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h t e n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t iv e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t li n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t li n g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in l y in v o l v e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fi t t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w it h it e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t i o n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h i p o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o l v e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t le s a n d i n s t a l ls m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d t o o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g t o s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l li n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w it h o i l o r
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

grea se,

th e

m o v in g

p a rts

o r w e a r in g

s u r fa c e s

o f m e ch a n ica l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k in ­
v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w it h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h it e le a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L a y in g ou t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu t t in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
t o c o r r e c t le n g t h s w it h c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w it h c o u p li n g s a n d fa s t e n i n g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g
t o p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e t h e r
f i n is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n it a ­
t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l li n g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f a n e s t a b l is h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g
ou t a ll t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o x o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t i n g up a n d o p e r a t i n g a ll a v a il a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

27
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE--- Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER--- Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal a rticles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m ak er's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescrib ed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m ak er's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U STO D IA L AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
ord er, using arm s or fo rce where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping re co rd s. May direct or assist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n e c e s ­
sary record s and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition factory working areas and washroom s, or
prem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a com bination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance se rv ice s ; and cleaning lavatories, show­
ers, and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m ateria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
custom ers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv er-sa lesm en and
ov e r-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)

FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers* ord e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating items filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing ord e rs, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to sup ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

Truckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckdriver, light (under lVz tons)
T ru ckdriver, medium (lVz to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using e x ce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P ackers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or e le ctric-p ow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers a.re cla ssified by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -------

The tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torneys,
ch em ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r as BBS B u l l e ti n 1654, N at io na l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 19 6 9 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
ce nts a c o p y .

A rea W a g e Surveys
A lis t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu die s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a ge and H our and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BL S r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1969 1----------------------------------------------------A lb a n y— c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970-----------------S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1________ __ _____ __
Allentowrr— e t h le h e m —E a s to n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1970 1—
B
A tla nta, G a . , M a y 1970 1 ---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1969-----------------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A rthur^-O range, T e x . , M a y 1969 1-------P
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970------------------------------------------B o i s e C ity, Idaho, N o v . 1969-------------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969------------------------------------------------B u ff a lo , N . Y ., O ct. 1969___________________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t . , M a r . 1970_______________________________
Canton, O h io , M a y 1970 1---------------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1---------------------------------------C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------------------------Ch atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y.—I n d ., F e b . 1970----------------------------K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1969--------------------------------------------- C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O ct . 1969-----------------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1969----------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
O ct. 1969 1______________________________________ „__________
D ayton , O h i o , D e c . 1969___________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 969 1------------------------------------------------D es M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1------------------------------------------D e t r o it , M i c h . , F e b . 1970________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct. 1969--------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 19 6 9 ----------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1970-----------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1970--------------------------------------------------In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1969--------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1970------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969-----------------------------------------K a n s a s Cit y, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1969-------------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N .H ., June 1970 1 ------------H
L it tle R o c k — o rt h L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1969------- —
N
L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970-------------------------------—
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1-------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 ----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------M e m p h i s , Ten n.—A r k . , Nov. 1969 *----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1969___________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1970 1----------- -------------M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969______________________________M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1------------------------

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1660-83,
1 6 6 0 -7 6 ,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1 6 6 0 -2 9 ,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1 6 6 0 -6 8 ,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1 6 2 5 -8 2 ,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1 6 6 0 -2 7 ,
1660-23,

35
30
35
35
50
35
35
30
30
25
45
45
25
35
35
40
30
65
35
40
30
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1 6 6 0 -7 3 ,
1660-58,
1 6 6 0 -1 8 ,
1660-8,
1660-79,
1 6 6 0 -6 7 ,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1 6 6 0 -2 ,

35
30
40
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
30
30
35
35
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1 6 6 0 -6 4 ,
1 6 6 0 -2 8 ,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

45
40
35
30
40
30
35
35
50

c e n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1_____________
New H av e n, C o n n., Jan. 1970 1___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1970_____________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t News—
P
H am pto n, V a . , Jan. 1970 1______________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1969 1
_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—Iowa, Sept. 1969__________________________
P a t e r son— lifto n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969_____________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , Nov. 1969 1______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1970 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1969 1_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1970 1__________________ _
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t— a r w ic k , R.I.—M a s s . ,
P
W
R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969______ —_________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1_________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1970____________________________
Salt L a ke C ity, Utah, Nov. 1969 1_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1970______________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakla nd, C a l i f . , O ct. 1 9 6 9 1____________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1969 1_____________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1970 1________________________________
S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1969__________________________________
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1970______________________
S io u x F a l l s , S. Dak., Sept. 1969_________________________
South B e n d, Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________
Sp okan e, W a s h ., June 1970 1
______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1969------------------------------------------------Tam pa^St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1______________
T o l e d o , O h io — i c h . , F e b . 1970___________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., Sept. 1969_________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y ., J u ly 1969_____________________________
W a s h in g to n , D .C .—Md.—V a . , Sept. 1 9 6 9 * ________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Jan. 1970________________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1970_^______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________________
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , Nov. 1969 1_________________
W

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30
50
35
30
60

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1660-59,
1660-17,
1 6 2 5 -8 7 ,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660 - 6 0 ,
1 6 6 0 -2 6 ,
1 6 6 0 -7 7 ,

35
35
30
35
60
35
50
35
40

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 6 6 0 -7 2 ,
1 6 6 0 -6 ,
1660-65,

30 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts

1660-4,
1660-75,

30
35
40
35
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

30
35
50
35
35
30
30
25
35
35
30
35
30
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

1 6 6 0 -1 2 ,

1 6 6 0 -6 6 ,

1 6 6 0 -3 0 ,
1 6 6 0 -7 1 ,
1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1 6 6 0 -2 4 ,
1660-80,
1660-15,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1 6 6 0 -8 6 ,
1 6 6 0 -1 3 ,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1 6 6 0 -2 1 ,

1660-1,
1 6 6 0 -1 9 ,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1 6 6 0 -6 9 ,
1 6 6 0 -7 8 ,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 c e n ts

50 ce n ts
35 c e n t s

30
35
35
35
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BU REAU OF L ABOR S TA T IS TI C S
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102