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AREA WAGE SURVEY
The Canton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, May

B u lle tin
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

1 9 7 0

1 6 6 0 -8 1

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU

O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

R egion I
1603-B Federal Building
G overnm ent Center
B oston, Mass. 0 2 2 0 3

R egion II

R egion IV
S uite 5 4 0

4 0 6 Penn Square Building
13 17 Filbert St.

1371 Peachtree S t. NE.

P hone: 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (Area C od e 21 2 )

Philadelphia, Pa. 19 107
P hon e: 5 9 7 -7 7 9 6 (Area C od e 21 5 )

A tlanta, Ga. 3 0 3 0 9
P hon e: 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (Area C od e 40 4)

P hone: 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2 (Area C o d e 6 1 7 )
R egion V

R egion 111

341 Ninth A ve.
New Y o rk , N .Y . 10001

R egion VI

R egions VII and VIII

R egions IX and X
4 5 0 G old en Gate A ve.

21 9 S outh Dearborn S t.

33 7 M ayflow er Building

Federal O ffice Building

C hicago, III. 6 0 6 0 4

411 N orth A kard St.

911 Walnut S t., 10th F loor

B ox 3 6 0 1 7

P hone: 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0 (Area C od e 31 2)

Dallas, T ex . 75201
P hone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (Area C od e 214)

Kansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6

San F rancisco, Calif. 9 4 1 0 2

P hone: 37 4-24 81 (Area C od e 8 1 6 )

P hon e: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area C od e 41 5)

* R egions VII and VIII will be serviced b y Kansas C ity.

** R egions IX and X will be serviced b y San Francisco.


U .S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e C a n t o n , O h i o , M e tr o p o lit a n A r e a , M a y 1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -8 1
Septem ber 1970

For sale b y the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 — Price 35 cents




P r e f a c e

C o n t e n t s
Page

The B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d data b y s e l e c t e d in d u stry d i v is io n f o r e a ch
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a nd s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ables:
1.
2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u lt s f o r e a ch a r e a studied. A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , two s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b ulletin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d ivid u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data to
r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the U n it e d S t a t e s .

A.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y and o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
su p p le m e n ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s bien n ia lly .

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
C a n t o n , O h i o , in M a y 19 7 0.
The Standard M e tro p o lita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th rou gh J a n u a ry 1968, c o n s i s t s o f S ta rk County. T h is study
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o ,
111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f W o o d r o w C. L in n ,
A ssistan t R egion al D ir e c t o r fo r O peration s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y a nd
n u m b e r s tu d ie d __________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________
O ccu pational earn ings:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a nd w o m e n __________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and
A -3 .
A -4 .
A -5 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e
w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
B - 2 . S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ________________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________
B - 7 . M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n and f r e q u e n c y o f

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

are

a vailable

for

oth er

4

6

7

10
11
12

13
14
15
16
17
20

22




I n t r o d u c t io n

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s con du cts s u r v e y s of occu p a tio n a l earn ings
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u r e a u fi e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
se rv ices.
M a jo r in du stry g rou p s e x clu d e d f r o m th ese studies a re
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o ccu p a tip n s studied to w a rra n t in clu s io n .
S ep arate tabu lation s are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da t a a r e s h o w n f o r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., th ose h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly sched ule
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s a nd i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e th eir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p resen ted re fle c t co m p o s ite , areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w ithin in divid ual e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a nd d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cte d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , all e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e giv en th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a nd a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccupations

a nd E a r n i n g s

The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a nd a r e o f th e
follow in g types:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
da t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n the s c o p e o f the s t u d y and n ot th e n u m b e r
a ctu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n i n g s da ta .
E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U.S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
r e l a t e t o p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
as a se p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c l u d e

2

w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
(inclu din g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs "
in c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c le r ic a l or related fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in du stries.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ( ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m ents are m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l en tran ce ra tes fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to pla n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l pla nt
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h if t at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch edu led
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
fr e q u e n c y o f w age paym ent (tables B - 4 through B -7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a ll
pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f in d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rou nd ing.
plans;

and

D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to da ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y gra n te d a re in clu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y fall on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a nd th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h olid a ys actu a lly granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f
h olid a y s to show total h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
sta tistica l m e a s u re of v a ca tion p r o v is io n s .
It i s n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of length of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a tic a l" b enefits beyond b a s ic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta o n h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h the e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
i f th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that ty p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d cash paym ents are m ade d ir e c tly
t o the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r ' s pay du rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i lln e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a nd (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e ith e r o r both ty p e s of b e n e fit s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p rofit o rg a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e th o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a ti o n (table B - 7 ) r e la t e s to b a s ic
ty p e s of ra te s tr u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s paid u nder v a r i o u s ti m e and in ­
cen tive s y s te m s .
U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
to a ll e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e pa id a b o v e o r b e l o w th e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d o n the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n o n t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f th e l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is p a i d
f o r e a c h unit o f o u tpu t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a tio n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of valu e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a tio n o f a stated s a la r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .

table

D ata
B -7.

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

p rovid ed

in

4

T a b le

1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts a n d

w o rk e rs

w ith in

scope

o f s u rv e y an d

n u m b e r s tu d ie d

in C a n t o n , O h i o , 1 b y

m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 0

Number of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied

Plant

Office

Number
A ll divisions -------- -

------------------ —

Manufacturing ------- -------- — ------ - —
Nonmanufacturing_______________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 _______ _______
W holesale tra d e _______________—____________
Retail trade — __________ _____ - — ____
Finance, insurance, and real esta te_______
S ervices ------------------------ ---- _ ____ — —

P ercent

89

76,239

100

54,964

10,207

55,827

46
43

57,806
18,433

76
24

43,736
11,228

6, 507
3, 700

45, 285
10,542

5, 384
1,522
7,767
2, 684
1,076

7
2
10
4
1

_

250

50
-

122
128

50
50
50
50
50

18
19
64
15
12

9
6
14
7
7

T otal4

2, 939
(6)
(6)
(7)
(6)

864
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

4, 791
752
2, 609
1,658
732

1 The Canton Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of Stark County.
The "w orkers within scope of study"
estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve
as a basis of com parison with other em ploym ent indexes for the area to m easure em ploym ent trends or levels since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data com piled
con siderably in advance of the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair se rvice ,
and m otion picture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p rofession a l, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and serv ices incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation
of data
for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons:
(l) Employment in the
division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study,(2) the sample was n
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossib ility of d isclo su re of individual establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for " a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables, but from the rea l estate portion only in estim ates
for " a ll
industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made fo r
one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal s e rv ice s ; business s e rv ice s ; automobile rep air, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural se rv ice s.




O ver three-fourth s of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Canton area
w ere em ployed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the m ajor industry groups
and s p e cific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

S pecific industries

P rim a ry m etal in d u stries—
—— 33
M achinery, except electrica l__ 21
Fabricated m etal p ro d u cts____ 9
Food and kindred p ro d u cts____ 7
Rubber and p lastics products— 7
E le ctrica l equipment and

Blast furnace and basic
steel p roducts— ----------------------21
General industrial
m achinery_____________________ 13
Household ap p lia n ces__________ 6
Iron and steel foundries________ 6
M iscellaneous p rim ary metal

Furniture and fixtures_________

5
Fabricated rubber products___

5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials com piled p rio r to actual survey. P rop ortions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W age T re n d s for S e le c te d O ccu p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e Z a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d ex es
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d t o th e d a t e o f the
in d e x . The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n ge o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e ch a n g e s
b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d t o m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L im itation s

o f Data

M ethod o f C om putin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
gro u p was a s sig n e d a con sta n t w eight b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r Z c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in dex
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Machinists
Stenographers, general
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e r e f l e c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6




T a b le

2.

In d e x e s

C a n to n , O h io , M a y

o f s ta n d a rd
1970

and

w e e k ly

s a la r ie s

M ay 19 69, and

and

s t r a ig h t -t im e

p e r c e n ts

of change

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d

fo r s e le c te d

A ll industries
Period

O ffice
c le rica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

in

p e r io d s
Manufacturing

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

Offi c e
cle rica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

124.4
116. 5

116. 9
109. 1

114. 0
112. 0

149. 0
119. 8

137. 1
117. 2

129. 5
1 13. 5

6.7
7. 2
8. 7
5. 5
1.9
1.4
4. 5
1.5
3.6
2. 7

7. 2
6. 0
3. 0
3. 1
6. 5
1. 3
.7
1. 0
3. 6
3. 3

1.9
8. 4
3. 3
2.9
3. 9
1.4
.5
.7
3.4
3. 4

Indexes (A pril 1967 =100)
May 1970_______________________________________
May 1969-------------------------------------------------------------

1 18. 2
111. 8

124. 8
117. 0

117. 6
109. 4

117.7
113.9

118.6
111.7

Indexes (D ecem ber 1960 =100)
May 1970------------------------------------------------------------A p ril 1967_______________________________________

133. 2
1 12. 7

149. 5
119. 8

138. 1
117. 4

134. 2
114. 0

126. 7
112.4

P ercents of ch an ge1
May 1969 to May 1970---------- ----------------------------June 1968 to May 1969---------------------------------------A pril 1967 to June 1968------------------------------------A pril 1966 to A pril 1967-----------------------------------A pril 1965 to A pril 1966-----------------------------------A p ril 1964 to A pril 1965-----------------------------------A p ril 1963 to A pril 1964-----------------------------------May 1962 to A pril 1963--------------------------------------D ecem ber I960 to May 1962-----------------------------D ecem ber 1959 to D ecem ber I9 60 --------------------

5. 7
5. 5
6. 0
2. 5
1.6
2. 5
.3
.3
5. 0
1. 7

6. 7
7. 2
9. 1
5. 5
1.9
.9
5. 0
1.6
3.6
2. 7

1 A ll changes are in crea ses unless otherw ise indicated.
2 This decline largely reflects em ployee turnover within and

7. 5
6. 0
3. 2
3. 2
6. 2
1. 3
.9
1. 2
3. 5
3. 1

3.4
8. 0
5 .4
2. 8
4. 1
1. 1
1.5
.8
3. 1
3. 5

6. 1
6. 2
5. 2
2. 5
2. 5
2. 2
2- . 5
2- . 3
5. 4
1.4

between high- and low-wage

establishm ents rather than wage

NOTE: P rev iou sly published indexes fo r the Canton area used D ecem ber I960 as the base period.
They can be converted to the new base period by dividing them by the corresponding index numbers fo r
A p ril 1967 on the D ecem ber I960 base period as shown in the table. (The result should be m ultiplied
by 100.)

d e cre a s e s.

7

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s

T a b le

A -1 .

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s — m en

and

w om en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Canton, Ohio, May 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

*

Average
weekly
[standard)

*
60

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

$
65

$
70

$
75

$

80

$

85

$

%

*

90

95

100

no

s

$

$

$

105

1 15

120

$
1 25

$

130

$

135

$

140

$

$

150

160

$
1 70

180

and
and

under

65

70

75

80

85

90

$
$
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

95

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

-

2
2

1
“

3
3

2
2

15
15

8
8

6
t>

4

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

7

1

5

1

1

2

~

~

100

105

-

1
1

150

160

170

1 80

over

7
7

21
21

9

7

4
4

7

-

-

MEN

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
$
1 5 0 . 0 0 1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 0 . 0 0 1 5 1 .0 0

CLcRK S,
OFFICE

--------------------- -----------------------------------

41

3 9 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0

9 8 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

--------------------------------------------------------------

28

9 3 .0 0

8 9 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

ORDER
BOYS

o
o

79
76

C L E R K S v A C C O U N T I N G # C L A S S A -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

5

5

3

2

3

IB

'

"

WOMEN
SILLE K S,

MACHINE

(B IL L IN G

41
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

9 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

"

14

2

“

2

2
2

2
2

1
1

C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

55
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0 - 8 0 .0 0

“

13
13

8
8

8
6

3
1

“

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

124
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

9 5 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

-

1

6
3

7

19

“

3

C L c R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

309
161
148

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

8 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 4 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 8 6 .0 0

10
10

7
7

C L E R K S , O R D E R --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

40
31

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

7 5 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-

9
1

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

89
72

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

_

-

C O M P TO M E T ER O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

SI
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

9 9 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

K E YP U NC H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

95
58
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

_
-

_
-

KE YP U NC H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

24^
153
89

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 1 -5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

8 8 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 9 0 .5 0

4
4

13
9

10

7

4

11

S E C R E T A R I E S 3--------------------------------------------------------------------

4 39
267
172

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

_
-

_
-

8

-

_
-

MACHINE)

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

MANU FACTUR ING

-------------------------------------------------

p D U K K E E P I N G —M A C H I N E

OPERATORS,

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

_

-

1
1

8

4

1

1

1

23
8

5
4

11

5
4

6
6

4
3

5
5

”

2
2

1
1

I
1

-

7

~

1
1

18
12
6

13
11
2

14
12
2

7
7
“

10
9

6
5

6
5

12

11
u

1

1

4
4
”

-

12

1

~

~

~

“

-

3
2

10
10

2

-

~

“

“

_
”

-

-

~

-

-

-

~

-

"

_

~

5
5

3
2

13
6

14
6

_

_

41
16
25

32
18
14

20

19
4
15

12

15
5

6
5

2

6
6

3
3

6
6

2

4
4

-

2

2

1

1
1

4

2

2

1

_

14
14

5
5

2

2

19
9

4
4

6
6

4
3

15
13

8
8

3
3

1
1

“

6
6

_

_

3
3

9
8

7
6

7

2
1

18
18

3
1

~

1
1

~

1

-

7

1

~

11

6
5

7
4
3

6
6

14
4

13
4

9
6

4
3

3

1

~

4
4
“

5
5

9

5
3
2

2
2

10

4
4
“

5
3

“

30
17
13

41
22
19

24
17
7

23
18
5

18
14
4

6
6

9

16
14

8
8
“

2
1

2

2

1

“

”

-

16
11
2
9

10
6
4

23
7
16

32
14
18

29
10
19

54

27
16

35
21
14

21

32
22
10

22

28
22
6

25
14

27
16

4
4

8

36
18

11

11

~

1

5
3
2

2

_
-

5

2

4

4

1
4

2

-

-

“

4

14

13

4

2
11

67
12
55
1

_
-

6
4
2

“
21

1

7

23

8

4

11

28

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

_
-

167
99
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

SECRcTARIES,

CLASS

C --------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




13
8

2

17
5

2

7

1

2

1

2

2

4

7

2

3

3

3
3

10

8
6

4

9
1

4
3
1

6

-

2
2

2

11
10
1

10

4

6
3
3

19
12
7

9
3
6

16
15

13

5

9

5

1

15
12
3

5
5

3

9
6
3

-

10

1 3 5 .5 0 -1 6 9 -0 0

Bi
51
30

CLASS

38
36
2

2

”

1

A --------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

SEC R E TA R IE S,

6
3

2

2

-

2
-

3

“

2

1

_
-

“

4

2
2

6
3
3

10

3
7

7

2

5

4

1

“

~
”

9
3
6

16

2

7

2

9

-

8
T a b le

A -1 .

O ffic e

o c c u p a tio n s — m en

and

w o m e n -------C o n t i n u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Canton, Ohio, May 1970)
Weekly earnings ^
(standard)

Number
Sex,

occupation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

of

N um ber of w orkers

(standard)

i

$

Average
weekly

60
Mean ^

M edian2

Middle range2

65

70

75

$

t
80

85

90

receiving

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n in g s
$

$

*
95

100

105

110

*
115

120

15
2

Df-----

130

135

i

$

$

$

140

150

$

6
160

170

and

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

-

5
-

9

6
4

12
3

16
8

31
24

12
10

18
17

1
-

-

-

-

7

2

1

4

7

1

6
2
4

-

8

7
5
2

-

2

6
2
4

11
4

7

12
8
4

11

2

5
12
11
1

28
20

40
34
6

35
20
15

33

25
21
4

2
1
1

5
1
4

6
5

8

18
15

16
6

7

2
-

i
-

1

i

2

5
i
4

4
4

3

“

1-

9
9

17
17

29

15
14

21

22

17
1

13
6

_

17
5

5
4

9

16
5

10
7

9

-

1

12
11
1

18

19
10

3

i

7

-

-

10
6
4

-

2

1

3
3

-

“

8
2

-

~
1
1

2

6

18

65

w um ln

o t C x f c T Ak I t o 3

-

-

cunt

$
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .3 0

$
$
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

4 0 .c

$
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

9 9 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

226
151
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

8 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 8 .5 0
3 0 .5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

191
163

4 0 -0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

1 0 0 .5 0

d 9 .0 0 -11 5 .50
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

_

1 0 3 .0 0

-

-

1 0d .5U

1 0 3 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

-

9 3 . 00

3 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 5 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 - 8 7 .5 0

3

-

3

“

8 9 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

-

-

NO n MANUP ACT U k I N G -----------------------------------------

67

STfc.NCGKAPHt R.N, G f c N f c R A L -------------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG ------------------------------------------------N i JNMANUF ACTUK I h i G ---------------------------------------5 T ti Mu GdA kH l k j t

Sfc^l CK

-

— -------------

riA'NiUi* A C T U K I N G ------------------------------------------------NC L'-ANOP A C T U K l r t G ----------------------------------------AAl Tt _. l L. JAK U u P t R A I u R S i
C L A S S d ---------N b i ' . M i l U f A T U R I . N G ---------------------------------------C
j . l I CHuuAKl ) u F t R A T U R - R f c C f c P T I U N l S T S fiANUP AC T UK I N G -------------------------------------------------

38
38
21
86

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3 9 .5
3 9 .6

1 0 4 . 00

86.00
9 9 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 7 . 50

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

Zb

3 9 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

lb
61

3 9 .6
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

« --------------------------- -----

79

-------------------------------------------------

63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 2 . 50
8 1 .5 0

8 0 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

TRA h j L k I B l N O - M A C H l N t U P c R A T J R S ,
C c / mc K A L -----------------------------------------------------------------------

CLASS A --------------------------------------

M AN UF ACT URI NG

class

-

CCiNl I n iU tD
163
9o

I Y P I a Tu ,

70

iiiu t u

S c c K g T A k I t o i C L A S S 0 -------------------------------rt A n U f-A C T UK 1 N G -------------------------------------------------

( YH1 1 f

180
and

under

m anufacturing

-------------------------------------------------

73

7 3 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 -

8 7 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

2
-

2
2

2

6
6

9
0

4

2
“

4
3

10
10

3

9

2
2

-

7
4

18
18

i

4

3

i

3

-

3

5

9

3

9
4

5

“

2
i

i

9
9

17
16

13
13

19
10

5

7
5

“

_

3

4

10

18

7

13
13

-

_

~

”

-

3
3

1

i

3
3

3

7

9
9

1

_

-

3

3

1

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

2

”

10

18
18

-

2
1

3
3

1
1

1
1

“

-

-

“

“

7
7

_

_

-

“

”

2

-

“
1
1

-

~

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
3 May include workers other than those pres ented separately.




9
Ta b le A -2 .

P ro fe s sio n a l and technical o c c u p a tio n s — m en and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io , M a y 1970)
Weekly earnings
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
work ere

*

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

$

Average
weekly
M edian2

(standard)

U n der
$
and
85
u n d er

Middle range2

41
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 4 7 .0 0 1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 3 . 0 0 1 5 7 .5 0

$
$
1 2 8 .5 0 1 3 8 .5 0 -

1 6 6 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0

_

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

38
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 -

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

_

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

_

$

$

t

i

I

$

$

*

$

*

*

$

110

120

1 30

1 40

1 50

1 60

170

1 80

1 90

200

210

220

230

240

1 00

1 05

11C

12q

130

1 40

1 50

160

1 70

180

1 90

200

2 10

220

230

240

250

3

10

5

4

6
6

-

_

3

7
5

i

4

5
5

_

4

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

“

-

2
2

5
3

3
3

10
9

5
5

3
3

2
2

_

_

3

-

-

i

5

6

5

5

2

4

i

1

1

-

-

1

2

i

1

$

105

"
1

$

i

1 00

2 50
and

95

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

$
95

3

6

6

4

10

3

-

-

-

2
1

4
4

6
6

13
12

31
26

11
11

4
3

32

19
16

_

_

_

4

37

4 0 .0

1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0

9 8 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMe RS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A —

26

4 0 .0

1 9 7 .5 0

1 9 6 .0 0

1 8 3 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0

COMPUTER PRUGRAMERS,
B U SIN tSS, CLASS 6 --------------

38

4 0 .0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 5 9 .5 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

5

3

10

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C --------------

42

4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 3 3 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

12

12

5

30
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 0 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0

2 3 2 .5 0
2 2 9 .5 0

2 1 4 .5 0 2 1 4 .5 0 -

2 4 2 .0 0
2 4 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

71
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 1 .5 0
1 8 0 .5 0

1 8 3 .0 0
1 8 2 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0 —
1 7 4 .0 0 -

1 8 9 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING - -

1 39
117

40*0
4 0 .0

1 5 8 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 2 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0 1 3 9 .0 0 -

1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

134
110

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 4 .0 0 -

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS —

61

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0

NURSED, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

66
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0

_

_

_

-

5

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

i

-

CLASS C --------------

3

“

-

_

_

4
4

3

4

7

~

i
1

3
3

12
12

16
16

12
7

14
13

27

30
22

1
1

7
7

6
6

15
12

29
19

18
10

21
19

16
15

1C
10

7
7

7

24

7

5

3

5
5

3
3

4

4

17
17

11
11

16
15

7
7

1
1

tra ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d / o r
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s ,




s e e fo o tn o te 2,

ta b le A - l .

i

-

-

4

3

i

-

i

4
4

5
5

1

_

-

7
6

-

1

-

i

-

-

5

3

5

i

-

-

~

1

-

1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 3 .5 0

-

5
5

-

_

1 5 3 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0

“
-

_

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

1 3 1 .5 0 1 3 1 .5 0 -

2

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

p rem iu m

r a t e s ), and the ea rn in g s c o r re spond

10

A -3 .

O ffic e , professiona l, and tec hn ica l o c c u p a t io n s — m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io , M a y 1970)
Av erage

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Av erage
Number

Weekly
(standard

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

BUCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 0 -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

55
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

203
136

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NuNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

333
184
149

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ORUER --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

81
54

3 9 .0
3 S .0

C L tR K S. PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

114
97

3 9 .5

1 1 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

SECRETARIES2 -

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

-------------------------------

28

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLASS
B ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

S E C R E TA R IE S,

CLASS

81
hi

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

30

4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

167
99

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

176
96

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

226

4 0 .0

NUNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

151
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------- ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

192
154
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD uPERATURS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

38
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD UPERATOR-RECEPTIUNISTSMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

86
73

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

111.00

51
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

96
59
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

25

3 9 .0

33

STENOGRAPHERS,

GENERAL --------------------------

a

T Y P IS T S , CLASS 3
MANUFACTURING

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e
c o r r e s p o n d t o th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




61
79
65

o o

1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

---------------------MANUFACTURING — ----------------class

o c

c

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

-------------------------------------------------

* *

452
267
185

c

45

80

1 1 3 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0

o

OFFICE BUYS AND GIRLS------------------------

3 9 -5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

o

243
154
89

O'

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONKANUFACTURING --------------------------

68

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0

COMPTOMETER uPEKATORS --------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------

s e c r e t a r i e s 2-------------------------------------------

$
1 5 1 .5 0

-----------------------------------------

NU NM ANUFACTURING

M A NU FA CTU RIN G

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------Nun M NUF AC T U R IN G -------------------------m

A

t y p is t s ,

3 9 .5

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 1 9 .0 0

9 7 .5 0

Weekly
hour, I
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

CONTINUED
O

42
27

$
1
8 9 .0 0

O
*

BILLERS, MACHINE ( BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

of

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING —

45
29

COMPUTER OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING —

CLASS B --------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------------------COMPUTER p
BUSINESS,
com pu ter

r o g r a m e r s

CLASS

A

p r o g r a m e r s

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 7 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0

44
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

50
36

,
—
,

BUSINESS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------

SYSTEMS

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 7 .5 0
1 7 7 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 3 8 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 4 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

42
25

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING ------COMPUTER

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

2 3 0 .5 0
2 2 8 .0 0

ANALYSTS,

BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------

4 0 .0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 8 0 .5 0
1 7 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----

139
117

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------

140

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

112

D R A FTSM E N -TkA C E R S

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

1 4 3 .0 0

r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s

11

A -4 .

M a in te na n ce and p ow e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io, M a y 1970)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings *

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
woricere

$
2 .5 0
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle r a n g e2

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
$
2 .9 0 3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

S
3 .2 0

$
t
3 . 30 3 . 4 0

$
$
$
3 . 50 3 . 60 3 . 70

$
$
3 . 80 3 . 9 0

$
4 .0 0

*
4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .3 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

$
$
4 . 80 5 . 0 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 . 40 3 .5 0

3 . 60 3 . 70 3 - 80 3 . 90 4 . 0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 . 00

4
4

4
4

11

6

4

-

i
i

2
2

-

_

4

_

_

4

6
6

27
27

_

_

36
36

4
4

_

8
8

-

and
under
2 .6 0

74
57

$
3 .9 6
3 .8 7

$
3 .9 5
3 .9 1

$
$
3 .8 2 - 4 .2 6
3 .6 9 - 3 .9 9

“

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------

5 10
49 8

4 .0 5
4 .0 4

4 .0 8
4 .0 7

3 .9 2 - 4 .1 6
3 .9 1 - 4 .1 6

1
1

1
1

4

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------MANUFACTURING ------------------

86
84

4 .1 8
4 .1 8

4 .2 5
4 .2 5

3 - 6 9 - 4 .6 5
3 .6 8 - 4 .6 5

_

_

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER —
MANUFACTURING —

90
90

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

3 . 3 5 - 3 .6 8
3 .3 5 - 3 .6 8

_

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING

183
173

3 .1 2
3 .1 1

3 .1 3
3 .1 2

3 .0 2 - 3 .2 5
3 .0 2 - 3 .2 3

8
8

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING ------------

172
172

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

4 .9 1
4 .9 1

3 .7 2 - 4 .9 7
3 .7 2 - 4 .9 7

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ------------------

369
369

4 .1 4
4 .1 4

4 . 14
4 .1 4

4 .0 3 - 4 .1 9
4 .0 3 - 4 .1 9

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------MANUFACTURING - NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-

1 54
79
75
62

3 .7 5
3 .7 9
3 .7 0
3 .7 2

3 .9 0
3 .9 2
3 .6 5
3 .6 5

3 .3 8 3 .5 8 3 .3 3 3 .3 1 -

379
379

3 .8 2
3 .8 2

3 .7 5
3 .7 5

504
504

3 .9 8
3 .9 8

OILERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------

42
42

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------

CARPENTERS, m a in t e n a n c e
MANUFACTURING --------------

3 .9 8
3 .9 7
4 .2 3
4 .2 9

3 .1 0

_

_

_

-

“

_

8
8

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

—

~

~

4
4

4

_
-

1
I

_

8
8

2
2

9
9

-

_

3
3

_

_

20
20

19
19

34
34

13
13

39
39

126
126

153
153

20
14

9
9

-

11
11

9
9

_

1
1

4
4

4
4

5
3

_

“

27
27

8
8

_

-

_

_

-

_

22
22

7
7

2
2

_

_

_

15
15

26
26

37
37

180
180

22
22

4
4

50
41
9
9

_

_

-

-

-

6
6
6

2
2

9
9

6
6

-

12
12

5
5

13
13

16
16

46
46

35
35

47
42

2
2

11
6

_

_

_

_

6
6

_

“

2
2

-

_

1
1
1

-

13
13

i
i

2
2

1
1

3
3

18
18

9
5

4
4
4

13
13
13

2
1
1
1

7
6
1
i

19
3
16
3

“

7
7

23
23

60
60

36
36

30
30

_
-

13
13

50
50

66
66

4

-

50
50

81
81

240
240

22
22

34
34

ii
ii

_

-

_

_

5
5

_
~

_
-

_

_

_

12
12

_
-

“

_

4

1
1

_
“

2
2

19

_
“

~

-

3 .9 4
3 .9 4

3 . 8 7 - 3 .9 9
3 .8 7 - 3 .9 9

-

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

3 .1 6
3 .1 6

3 . 1 0 - 3 .8 1
3 . 1 0 - 3 .8 1

-

45
45

3 .8 2
3 .8 2

3 .6 7
3 .6 7

3 . 6 3 - 3 .7 6
3 .6 3 - 3 .7 6

PIPEFITTER S, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------------

261
2 44

4 .1 0
4 .1 0

3 .9 5
3 .9 5

3 . 8 5 - 4 .5 2
3 .8 5 - 4 .5 3

TOOL AND ()IE MAKERS---------MANUFACTURING ----------------

227
2 27

4 .3 8
4 .3 8

4 .3 4
4 .3 4

4 .0 9 - 4 .5 7
4 .0 9 - 4 .5 7

-

_

~

4

-

32
32

-

20
20

-

_

18
12

_
“

_

“

~

6
6

5

4

-

4

4

4

3
3

-

4
4

_
“

_

_

28
28

~

-

h o lid a y s ,

_

_

_

4

4

_

i
1

19

_

_

3
3

_
-

7
7
“

_

_
-

5
5

5
5

1
1

34
34

26
26

4

-

_

27
27

_

-

_

-

-

“

-

8
8

_

1
1

_

-

26

_

20
20

4

29

4
4

_

4
4

20
20

9

13
13

34
31

90
90

2
2

_

11

_

“

48
48

-

10
10

18
18

25
25

40
40

_

39
39

39
39

6

and late s h ift s .

20
20

_

1
1

4
4

1
1

-

_

~

_

18
18

-

~

_
~

_

80
80

14
14

2
2

29

-

~

14

2
2

3
3

_

7
7

_

3
3




6
6

-

3 .5 3 - 4 .1 3
3 . 5 3 - 4 .1 3

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s ,
2 . F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

18
18

15
15

-

MILLWRIGHTS
MANUFACTURING

11
11

i
i

-

MANUFACTURING ------------

2
2

6
i
5
5

-

m a in t e n a n c e

8
8

-

-

m e c h a n ic s ,

1
1

1
1

~

4

1
1

5 .2 0

~

-

_
-

-

-

26

“

_

32
32

12

T a b le A - 5 .

C ustodia l and material m o v e m e n t occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C a n ton , O h io, M ay 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings ^
O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
Mean3

Median 3

$

*

*

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

*
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

»

2 .0 0

$

2 .1 0

$

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

$

2 .5 0

$

$

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

$

2 .6 0

*

(

2 . 7 0 2 .8 0

(

(

f

t

l

t

S

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0 3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0 4 .2 0

4 .4 0

2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

4 .0 0

t . 20 4 . 4 0
,

over

60
60

1 26
1 26

1
1

-

Middle range3
u n d er
1 .6 0

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING
WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING

2 .6 0 2 .7 0

3 32
3 17

$
3 .2 5
3 .2 7

$
$
3 . 0 8 - 3 .5 0
3 . 1 2 - 3 .5 1

5
3

2
2

3
3

4
4

29
28

15
14

1
1

65
65

2 84

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

2 .5 0

$
3 .2 1
3 .2 6

3 .3 3

3 .3 0

3 .1 6 -

3

-

-

4

4

14

1

65

60

126

71
55
16

5
2
3

3 .5 2

3 ,8 0

-

6
6

-

—

1

-

6

-

-

25
24
1

_

8
8
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

63
55
8

40
32
8

_
-

_
-

33

2 .6 1

2 .7 3

2 .5 8 - 2 .7 7

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

2

3

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----PUdLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-

714
598
116
32

2 .6 9
2 .7 6
2 .2 5
2 .8 2

2 .7 4
2 .7 6
2 .2 0
3 .0 3

2 .5 7 - 2 .8 4
2 . 6 7 - 2 .8 5
2 . 0 0 - 2 .5 8
2 .5 4 - 3 .1 0

3
3

12

14
3
11

9
9
-

38
11
27

3
3

19

12

2
2

4
4

24
21
3

78
73
5

50
47
3

239
238
1

94
93
1

16
14
2

JANITURS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

224
54
1 70

1 .9 5
2 .4 5
1 .8 0

1 .7 5
2 .6 9
1 .6 8

1 . 6 6 - 2 .2 1
1 .9 6 - 2 .7 9
1 . 6 4 - 1 .9 3

1 02
102

22
12
10

14
14

12
3
9

2
2

15
15

12
1
11

-

-

6
5
1

7
7

14
14
~

12
6
6

6
6

LABORERS, MATERIAL H
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING

9 60
792
168

3 .1 1
3 .0 1
3 .5 4

3 .0 3
3 .0 2
3 .6 2

2 . 9 0 - 3 .0 9
2 . 8 9 - 3 .0 8
3 .0 4 - 4 .3 5

_
-

_

_
~

2
2

10
2

19
5
14

2
2

8
8

1
1

_
-

11
11

31
30
1

1 58
1 58

105
104
1

420
3 74
46

13
10
3

ORDER

116

3 .1 6

3 .2 5

2 .7 5 - 3 .6 4

7

-

9

7

12

2

6

1

27

-

45

-

-

-

-

115
115

3 .2 8
3 .2 8

3 .1 9
3 .1 9

3 .1 2 3 .1 2 -

3 .6 2
3 .6 2

-

2
2

_
“

-

_

i
1

4
4

51
51

18
18

3
3

21
21

8
8

_

“

2
2

RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING

72
52

3 .0 6
3 .1 7

3 .0 8
3 .1 7

2 . 9 2 - 3 .2 7
2 . 9 6 - 3 .2 9

_

_

8
5

1
“

1
i

21
13

11
10

13
12

3
3

5
4

5
4

_

_

_

SHIPPING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING —

45
45

3 .2 0
3 .2 0

3 .2 3
3 .2 3

3 .1 2 3 .1 2 -

8
8

9
9

22
22

5
5

i
i

_

_

3 .2 8

FILLERS

PACKERS,

SH IPPING

“ -------

MANUFACTURING ----------

-

“

-

-

-

8

-

_

_

-

2
“

_

19

-

5
5

-

-

“

_

2

_

_

~

“

34

3 .0 4

3 -1 2

2 .5 8 -

3 .2 4

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

7

1 ,0 4 5
438
6 07
4 21

3 .5 1
3 .4 3
3 .5 8
3 .8 4

3 .3 9
3 .4 7
3 .3 7
3 .4 0

3 . 2 1 - 3 .8 3
3 . 2 3 - 3 .7 8
3 . 1 9 - 4 .3 2
3 .3 5 - 4 .3 5

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
3

18
~
18

16
~
16

14
10
4

74
34

2 .7 3
2 .9 1

2 .5 9
2 .7 9

2 . 4 1 - 3 .2 2
2 .5 9 - 3 .2 5

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

2 23
198

3 .5 5
3 .6 1

3 .7 6
3 .7 7

3 .3 1 3 .7 1 -

3 .8 3
3 .8 4

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

4 17
130

3 .7 7
3 .2 6

3 .8 2
3 .2 5

3 .0 9 2 .9 7 -

4 .3 5
3 .4 6

_

6 25
5 58

3 .1 6
3 .1 5

3 .2 0
3 .2 0

2 .9 4 - 3 .3 7
2 . 9 5 - 3 .3 2

_

114
109

3 .0 8
3 .0 8

3 .2 3
3 .2 3

3 . 1 6 - 3 .2 7
3 . 1 7 - 3 .2 7

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
TRUCKDRIVERS
----MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I t l E S 4TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING -------------------power ( o t h e r than
FORKLIFT) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING

2

18

_

-

-

-

~

_

“

_

_

_

_

7

_

-

-

_

~

_

3
3

_

“

_

_

_

5

14
10

-

6
6

_

~
_

2

24

_
~

-

-

-

“
77
77

~

_

2

-

i

12

4

1

-

1

24
10
14

58
38
20

98
24
74
4

287
73
214
2 14

93
86
7
7

120
90
30

98
96

2

21
16

-

-

-

-

3

-

196
196
196

-

_

_

“

"
_

2

_
—
“

-

-

7
1

2
2

37
19

15
14

6
6

75
75

78
78

9
9

56
36

35
5

30
30

39
32

30
5

15
13

_

168

42
42

55
24

49
49

-

-

-

6
6

6
6

1
1

5
5

2
2

24
24

18
12

31
31

144
114

74
74

168

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
14

81
78

-

~

12
8
4

12
8

_
-

“

“
196

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

tr u ckers,

1
2
3
4
5

-

_

-

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d ,
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late s h ift s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , as d e fin e d , r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




-

_

13

B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t

T a b le

B -1 .

p ra c tic e s

M in im u m

and

s u p p le m e n ta ry

w age

p ro v is io n s

e n t r a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1970)
In exp erien ced

M in im u m

w eek ly

straigh t-tim e

sa la ry 1

B ased

A ll

on

O ther in ex p erien ced

typ ists

M an u fa cturin g
standard

sch ed u les

40

40

sch ed u les

sch ed u les

40

XXX

89

46

XXX

43

XXX

46

27

22

19

15

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

7

2

2

5

4

3

3

3

-

-

22

20

9

9

_

_

_

_

-

$6 0 .0 0

under

$ 6 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

$ 6 2 . 50 and

under

$ 6 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

4

2

2

2

$ 6 5 .0 0

under

$ 6 7 . 5 0 ------------------------------------ ------------ -----------------------

2

2

2

-

2

1
-

2
2

and

sch ed u le s

43

31

and

40

XXX

m i n i m u m ----------------------------------

sp ecified

hou rs 3 of—

A ll

46

$ 6 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

a

w eek ly

89

under

having

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

standard

A ll

A ll

$ 5 7 . 50 and

E stab lish m en ts

on

w orkers 2

in d u str ie s
A ll

s t u d i e d — . -------------------------------------------------------------------

Based

A ll

w eek ly h ou rs 3 of—

in d u stries

E sta b lish m en ts

clerical

M an u fa cturin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

.

$ 6 7 . 50 and

under

$ 7 0 . 0 0 ---------------------------- -------------------------------------------

6

4

3

4

3

and

under

$ 7 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

2

-

-

6

2

2

3
4

3

$7 0 .0 0

$ 7 2 . 50 an d

under

$ 7 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

3

3

-

-

4

4

3

-

-

1
2
1
1
1

-

-

-

7

3

and

under

$ 7 7 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

1

-

-

5

4

2

$ 7 7 . 50 and

under

$ 8 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------- ------------ ~

3

2

1

1

2

1

-

$ 8 2 . 50 an d

under

$ 8 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

$ 8 7 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

1

1

1
-

1

under

1
-

1

$ 8 5 . 00

1
-

2
1
1
1

2

$ 8 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------- -----------------------------

1
-

4

under

1
-

2

$ 8 0 . 00 and

$ 8 7 . 50 and u n d e r
$9 0 . 00 and u n d er

$ 9 0 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------$ 9 2 . 5 0 _ --------------------------------------------------------------------

1

1

1

-

1
3

1
3

1
3

.

.

1
-

-

-

-

3

3

3

17

10

XXX

7

XXX

21

12

XXX

9

XXX

41

14

XXX

27

XXX

22

7

XXX

15

XXX

$ 7 5 .0 0

and

$ 9 2 . 5 0 a n d o v e r ---------------------------- ------------ ----------------------------------------------------E stab lish m en ts

having

E stab lish m en ts

w h ich did not

in th is

no

sp ecified

m i n i m u m ------------------------------

em p loy

1
-

-

1
1
1

-

w orkers

c a t e g o r y ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r t h e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d




1

-

2

s a la r ie s

th a t a r e

w ork w eek

p a id f o r

rep orted .

sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s .

14




T a b le

B -2 .

S h i f t d if f e r e n t ia ls

(L a te-sh ift pay p rovision s for m anufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of pay d ifferential,
Canton, Ohio, May 1970)
[ A U _ g l a n t j w o r k e £ s _ ^ n _ m a n u f a c t u r i n g ^ _ ^ ( ) 0 _ j 3 e r c e n t } ^ ^ ^ ^ _ ^ _ _ _ _ ^ _ ^ ^ ^ ^ _ ^ _ > _ _ _ _ _ _ ^ ^ _ ^ ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ i_ _ _ _ i
_

P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w ork ers—
L a te-sh ift pay p rovision

In establishm ents having p rovision s 1
fo r late shifts
Second shift

Total---------

-------------

-------- -------------------------

98.2

Third or other
shift

95.0

A ctually working on late shifts
Second shift

Third o r other
shift

27.6

13.3

No pay d ifferential fo r w ork on late sh ift---------

1.6

1.6

0.5

0.5

Pay d ifferential fo r w ork on late sh ift--------------

96.6

93.5

27.1

12.8

94.0

90.8

26.2

12.4

Type and amount of d ifferential:
U niform cents (per h o u r)-------------------------4 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------5 c e n ts ------------------------------------- --------6 c e n ts --------------------------- -- ------ -----7 l/z c e n ts ------------------ ----------------------- —
8 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------9 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------10 cen ts---- -----------------------------------12 cen ts-------------------------------------------------13 cen ts------------------------------------ --------14 cents ______________________________
15 cen ts-------------------------------------------------18 cen ts---- ------- ------------ ------------------------30 cen ts---- ---- -------------------------------- —
40 cen ts---------------------------------- --------------U niform p ercen ta g e--------------------------------5 p e rce n t---------------------------------------------10 percent----------------------------------------------

3.1
1.4

_
-

.7

3.1
.6
1.4
6.6
5.3
50.5
4.0
8.1
6.8
2.1
1.7
.7

2.6
2.6

-

1.1
49.7
1 1.7
15.1
6.8
1.7
2.6
-

.5
.1
.3
15.1
2.7
4.5
2.1
.4
.5

_
-

.2
-

(2)

(2)
1.0
.7
8.5
.5
1.0
.2
(2)
.3
-

2.6

.9

.4

-

.9

-

2.6

1 Includes all plant w orkers in establishm ents cu rrently operating, or having form a l p rovisions cov erin g
even though the establishm ents were not cu rren tly operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0.05 percent.

.4

late shifts,

15

Table

B -3 .

Sch e d u le d weekly hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1 o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1 97 0)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 35 h o u r s __________ ________ _ _____________
35 h o u r s — ——___________________________ ______ _____
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 7 7 2 h o u r s — ------------------------37V 2 h o u r s ________________________ _____________ _
_
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s — ___
_________
40 h o u r s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s _______________________
45 h o u r s ____ _____________________ ___ - ____ 4 8 h o u r s _______________ _____ _______ _______ ___

1
2
3
4
5

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

1

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

(5 )

3

-

-

2

2

-

(5 )

-

-

4

2

-

4

_

80

_
6
2
90

-

1

87
1
3
2
1

94
1

-

4

6
4
10

-

5

84
1

-

-

100
-

-

-

-

(5 )

-

-

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

16

Table

B -4 .

Paid holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1 97 0)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A l l in d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o rk e r s

. . . . . .

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t il it i e s 2

A l l in d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

94

99

100

100

2

-

6

-

-

(4 )

N um ber o f days
3 h o l i d a y s — — - _______ _______
_ _
_
6 h o l i d a y s - — ______________ _ __ _____ _
_ _ _
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
____
.
___
_ ___
________
7 h o l id a y s ----------- _
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ________________ _____________ ___
_
_
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------------------8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s
— _____
____
_ _
_
_ ____
____
9 h o l i d a y s ------------ __ _
9 h o l id a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------------— —
_______
10 h o l id a y s _11 h o l i d a y s ________ _____________________
____ —

_

_

(4 )
11
1
42

6
10
1
43

4
65

7
12
2
8
4

9
13
3
10
5

4
14
33
33
76
87
97
98

5
17
40
40
84
94
100
100

1
10

24
-

-

(4 )
21
1
7
1
38
1

_
5
1
7
2
49

2
_
_
_
36

-

-

17

62

19
10
2

15
4

-

2
12
31
31
71
79
98
99

4
19
36
36
87
95
100
100

_
_
62
62
98
98
100
100

_

-

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 5
11 d a y s
._ —
-------—
____ ____ .
10 d a y s o r m o r e
—
- _____
9 H ays n r rn n rp
_ _
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e - __ ____ - - _
___ _
_
____ _ _ .
___ _
_
7 days o r m o re
6 d a y s o r m o r e — -------------- ------------------------ _

-

24
24
90
90
94
94

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s
and n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .




i n c lu d e s

t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l d a y s

17

Table

B -5.

Paid vacations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
71
29

100
65
35

100
100
-

100
99
1

100
99
1

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32

38
7

8

7

_
14

4
34
34

4
36
40

_

7

2
79
4
13
2

2
80
4
12
3

( 6)
19
(6)
79
2

-

-

17
80
3

33
5
62
-

M eth od o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pay 5
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------- --------------1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ----------------------------------------

-

47

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------Z w e e k s ------------------- ------------------------------------------------------O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------- ----------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------- ----------

-

67
10
23
-

-

-

A fte r Z y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k — ------ ----------------- ------------------------ ----------1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s -------------------------------------Z w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
73
4
18
3

_

_

_

_

6
14
80
-

*

-

13
1
83
3

1
5
94
-

-

10
1
87
2

1
8
8
76
6

z

_

7

4
86
10

-

-

1
1
94
2
2

1
1
91
3
4

95
5
'

9

7

4
86
10

i

-

1
1
92
2
4

1
1
90
3
6

95
5
-

2
2
83

_
90
10
“

( 6)
1
88
3
8

_

_
95
5
"

1
66
4
27
2

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ---------------------- ------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------Z w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r Z and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

7

10
74

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________ ______ ______________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------Z w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------- ----- -------------------3 w e e k s ---------------- — -------------------------------------------------

9
8
76
6
1

9

74

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----- -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r Z w e e k s -------------------------------------Z w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------ --------------------------------------------------------

3
2
81
3
12

3

11
___

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




1
86
3
10

18

Table

B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ' ------ C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

i
2
11
7
70
3
5

_
2
9
9
69
3
7

_
4
86
10

1
1
9
7
71
5
5

2
8
8
70
6
7

90
10

1
1
2
1
68
8
14
1
4

2
1
1
68
10
13
1
5

90
10
“

1

2
53
6
21
3
8
5

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

-

(6)
i
16
1
77
4
2

i
8
1
82
6
3

(? )
(6)
15
1
77
5
2

8
1
81
7
3

_
(6)
5
95
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________ ___________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------ -------- -2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

(6)
95
5
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------------5 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

(‘ )
( 6)
3
(6 )
77
7
12
~
1

1
1
75
10
12
1

_
(6)
95
5
"

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

(6)
3
48
5
29
3
7
4

-

10
-

80
10
~

(? )
(6)
3
37
2
48
5
3
1

-

-

-

-

1
33
4
48
8
5
1

( 6)
1
-

93
5
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------------5 w e e k s ________________________________________________
6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




1
(6 )
3
15
4
48
1
24
4

-

-

~
2
12
5
49
1
25
5

10
53
10
27

(? )
(6 )
3
18
1
57
1
20
1

-

-

-

1
3
1
65
-

29
1

(6)
1
-

80
5
14

3

19

Table

B-5.

P a i d v a c a t i o n s 1------ C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1 97 0)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

_
2
12
5
48
1
23
8

_
6
47
10
37

_
-

_

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5---- C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ----O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___ _____________________
2 w e e k s ___________________ _______________________ ____
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s _____________ ___ _____________________________
6 w e e k s ------ -------------------------------------------------------------------

i
(6)
3
14
4
47
1
32
6

-

(6)
(6)
3
18
1
56
(6)
19
3

.
_

.
-

i
3
1
65
-

(6)
1
-

25
5

69
5
24
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------ --------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------ ---------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----- _ — --------------------------- -------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------- -------5 w e e k s -------------- -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 and u n d e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------- - - ----- -- ----------- — ----------- -------------—
6 w e e k s --------O v e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

i
(6)
3
14
4
47
1
22
6

-

2

-

12
5
48
1
23
-

6

8

47
10
37
-

(6)
( 6)
3
18
1
55
(6 )
19
3
1

.
-

.
-

1
3
1
63
26
-

(6)
1
-

5

69

5
24
-

_

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y . E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , an d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s t o w o r k e r s
w ith q u a l if y i n g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 an d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




20

Table

B -6 .

Health, insurance, and pension

plans

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f i t and
fi n a n c in g 1

A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f the b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w -------------------

99

100

100

99

100

100

97
85

100

100

100

100

90

73

98
74

85

40

51
49

53
52

76
72

46
30

46
33

38
36

L ife i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s ---------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 - - - --------------------------------------

94

98

71

98

97

96

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ----------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __ _________________
S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y and n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) - -------------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------------

84
79

95
90

20
16

60
52

78
73

7
5

5

2

10

63

52

81

4

1

42

4

1

14

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s -------- ---------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------- --------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e - - - ------------------------- -----------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s — --------------------------- M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n -----------------_ . ----------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------- ----------

97
84
96
83
77
67
50
41
92

100

100
86
100
86
86

96
83
93
80
81
67
75
58
95
79

100

100
88
100
88

88

91
99
90
79
72
46
40
97
97

77
96
85
71
54

94
99
94
82
75
71
60
99
89

99

88
95
79
82
34

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s fi n a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e p la n s a r e li m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




21

Ta b le

B -7 .

M e th o d of w a g e dete rm in atio n

and fre q u e n c y of p a y m e n t

(P ercent distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by method of wage d eterm in ation1 and frequency of wage payment, Canton, Ohio, May 1970)
Plant w orkers

Office workers

Item
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

Paid time rates-------------------------------------------------F orm al rate p o lic y _________________________
Single ra te _____ ____________ ____________
Range of r a te s ___________________________
P rog res sion based on automatic
advancement according to
length of s e r v ic e ___________________
P ro g re s sio n based on m erit
r e view___ _________________________
P ro g re s sio n based on a
com bination of length of
s ervice and m erit review__
—
No form a l rate p olicy_______________________
Paid by incentive m ethods-------------- ------P iece rate------ — — __ ____________________
Individual_________ _______ _____________
Group- ---------- — — — — ---- - -----P roduction bonus__________
____ _______
Individual—
_
— _

67
55
35
20

60
56
39
17

100
100
57
43

100
69
3
66

100
77
2
75

100
98
19
79

15

12

41

3

1

17

2

3

-

46

67

-

2

2

12
33
14
11
3
18
3

4
40
17
13
4
23
3

2
-

17
31
-

7
23
-

62
2
-

C om m ission --------------------------------------------------

1

All w orkers------------------------------------------------Method of wage determ ination 1

Method of determining incentive pay of office w orkers not presented

-

Frequency of wage payment
W eekly
—
B iw e ekly_________________ ___________________
Semimonthly____________________ _______________
Monthly
— -------- _ -----Other frequency -

1
2
3
4
5

34
64
2
-

27
73
1
-

38
39
23
-

9
52
38
(5)

5
54
41
-

F or a description of the methods of wage determ ination, see Introduction.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.




18
67
15

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangem ents from establishment to establishment and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working sup ervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, FILE

BILLER, MACHINE
P repares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or e le ctro matic typewriter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerica l work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purposes, b ille rs , m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follow s:
B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish er, Burroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord ers, internally prepared o rd ers, shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n ecessary extensions, which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine,
and totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger record . The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper record s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under b ille r,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or record s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and exp eri­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may d irect class B accounting clerk s.
Class B. Under supervision, p erform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher reg isters; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general ledgers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




22

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , cla ssifie s and indexes file m aterial such as corresp on den ce, reports, technical docu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a small group of low er level file clerk s.
Class B. Sorts, cod es, and file s unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
ings or partly cla ssified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares simple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, locates cle a rly identified m aterial in file s and forwards
m aterial.
May p erform related cle rica l tasks required to maintain and service file s.
Class C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssified or which
is ea sily cla ssified in a sim ple serial cla ssification system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s simple cle rica l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and service file s.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' ord ers for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow in g: Quoting p rices to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking p rices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled . May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receipt of ord ers from cu stom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been filled , keep file of ord ers received , and check shipping
invoices with original o rd ers.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on time or production re co rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o rk e r's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a Comptom eter to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which may involve fr e ­
quent use of a Comptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a numerical a n d /or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. P erform s same
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, for exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation from several docum ents; and searches fo r and
interprets inform ation on the document to determ ine inform ation to be punched. May train
inexperienced op erators.

23
SECRETARY— Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
tra n scrib es data from source documents to punched ca rd s. Operates a num erical and/or
alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source docum ents, follow s specified sequences which have
been coded or p rescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. Problem s arising from erroneous item s or cod es, m issing inform ation,
e tc., are referred to supervisor.

d. S ecretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 p erson s; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e .g ., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rso n s.
Class C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y-to-d ay work activities of the supervisor. Works fa irly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied cle rica l
and secreta rial duties, usually including m ost of the follow ing: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
personal ca lle rs, and incoming m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the s u p e rv is o rs file s; (c) maintains
the su p ervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspon den ce, m emoranda, and reports prepared by others
for the su p ervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accu racy; and (f) p erform s
stenographic and typing work.
May also perform other cle rica l and secretarial tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " p ossess the above ch a ra cteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "p erson al" secreta ry concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of p rofessional, technical,
or m anagerial persons; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com plex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized cle rica l duties which are not typical of secreta rial work.
NOTE: The term "corp ora te o ffic e r ," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officia ls who have a significant corporate-w id e policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company a ctivities. The title "v ice p residen t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p er­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a cle rica l staff) are not considered to be
"corp ora te office rs " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p erson s; or
b. Secretary to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rso n s.
Class B
a. S ecretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 p ers on s ; or
b. S ecretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecretary to the head (im m ediately below
corporate-w id e functional activity (e.g ., m arketing,
tions, etc.) 0 £ a m ajor geographic or organizational
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in
em p loy ees; or




the office r level) over either a m ajor
resea rch , operations, industrial re la ­
segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000

a. Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition fo r class B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; c>£
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5, 000 p e rso n s.
Class D
a. S ecretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); ^ r
b. S ecretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, profession a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffice r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than se cre ta rie s as d escribed above, to this level of sup ervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple re co rd s, or perform other relatively
routine cle rica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribin gmachine work. (See transcribing-m achine op era tor.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b riefs or reports on scientific resea rch from one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep re co rd s, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp on si­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accu racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, p o licie s, p roced u res, file s,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible c le rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial for rep orts, m emorandum s, letters,
etc.; com posing sim ple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. P e rfo rm s full telephone inform ation se rv ice or handles
com plex ca lls, such as con ference, co lle ct, o versea s, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escribed fo r switchboard operator, cla ss B, or as a fu ll-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation s ervice occu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate fo r calls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or o ffice ca lls. May handle routine long distance calls and re co rd tolls.
May p erform lim ited telephone inform ation serv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation service
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent serviced are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are re fe rre d to another operator.)

24
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w o rk e r's time while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates sim ple tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
so rte r, reproducing punch, collator, e tc., with specific instructions. May include simple
wiring from diagram s and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, ca lculator, interpreter, colla tor, and others.
P erform s com plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and perform s difficult
wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagram s and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors perform ing tabulating-machine operations and d ay-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine op erators.
Class B. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrica l accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the s o rte r, rep rod u cer, and collator. This work is
perform ed under sp ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r cise , a com plete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the p ro ­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the machine.

P R O F E S S IO N A L

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rica l work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific resea rch are not included. A worker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating p ro ce s s e s. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re co rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for co rre ct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

T E C H N IC A L

COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the con trol con sole of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a p rogra m er. Work includes m ost of the follow ing:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape reels, ca rd s, etc.); switches n ecessary auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; makes adjustments to com puter to co r re ct operating problem s and meet
special conditions; reviews e rr o rs made during operation and determ ines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating record s. May test and a ssist in correcting
program .

Converts statements of business p roblem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p rocessin g equipment. Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the p re cise
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired results. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, logic em ployed by com puters, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be program ed. Develops sequence
of p rogram steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show ord er in which data will be p rocessed ;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow ; tests and co r re cts program s;
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating e fficien cy or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains record s of
program development and revisions. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p ro ­
graming should be cla ssifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

F or wage study purposes, com puter operators are cla ssified as follow s:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics; New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critica l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total p rogram , and alternate program s may not be available. May give
direction and guidance to low er level op erators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: Most of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e rr o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes co rre ctiv e action. This usually involves applying p reviou sly p r o ­
gram ed correctiv e steps, or using standard co rre ctio n techniques.

Does not include em ployees prim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electronic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, o r p rogra m ers p rim arily concerned with
scientific a n d /o r engineering p roblem s.
F or wage study purposes, program ers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra ctice s. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor p rocessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

OR
Operates under d irect supervision a computer running program s or segments of program s
with the ch aracteristics d escrib ed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher level operator J o y inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
Class C . Works on routine program s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine program s. Usually has received some form al training in com puter operation.
May a ssist higher level operator on com plex program s.




At £his level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p rocessin g actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of com m on operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to low er level p rogra m ers who are assigned to assist.

25
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p ersons concerned to determ ine
the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.

Class B . W orks independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p rogra m s, or on sim ple segments of com plex p rogram s. P rog ra m s (or segments) usually
p rocess inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous record s may be
p rocessed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T ypically, the p rogram deals with
routine record -keep in g type operations.

OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data p rocessin g schem e or system , as d escrib ed for
cla ss A. Works independently on routine assignments and receiv es instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure p roper alinement with the overall system .

OR

Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ra ctica l experience
in the application of procedu res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F o r example,
may a ssist a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p rogra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.

Works on com plex program s (as d escribed for cla ss A) under clo se direction of a higher
level program er or supervisor. May assist higher level p rogra m er by independently p e r ­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er level p rogra m ers.

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. W orks in clo se sup­
port with the design originator, and may recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. W orks with a minimum of sup ervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator fo r consistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or d irect their preparation by low er level draftsm en.

C lass C . Makes pra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctices and concepts usually
learned in form a l training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard proced u res to routine problem s. R eceives clo se supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed to verify its a ccu ra cy and conform ance with
required proced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS

Class B. P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as; P rep a res working drawings of subassem blies with irreg u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re cis e positional relationships between com ponents; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ecessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load cap acities, strengths,
stre ss e s, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked fo r technical adequacy.

Analyzes business problem s to form ulate p rocedu res for solving them by use of electron ic
data p rocessin g equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specifications needed to enable
p rogram ers to prepare required digital com puter program s. Work involves m ost of the follow ing:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and crite ria required
to achieve satisfa ctory results; specifies number and types of re co rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problem s and participates in trial runs of
new and revised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE; W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

Class C . P rep a res detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include iso m e tric projection s
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
p recedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are less com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work may be spot-ch ecked during p ro g re ss.

Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering p roblem s.
F or wage study purposes,

DRAFTSM AN-TRACER

system s analysts are cla ssifie d as follow s:

Class A . Works independently or uhder only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of diverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re co rd in
which every item of each type is automatically p rocessed through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) C onfers with persons co n ­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new or revised system s of data p rocessin g operations. Makes re c o m ­
m endations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are clo se ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

M A IN T E N A N C E

Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring clo s e delineation.)
a n d /or
P rep a res sim ple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s. Work is clo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A reg istered nurse who gives nursing s ervice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
fa ctory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing; Giving firs t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r com pensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

AND

PO W ER PLA N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P e rfo rm s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cr ib s , counters, benches, partitions, d oors, flo o rs , stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of w ork from blueprints, drawings, m od els, or verbal instructions using a variety

of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials n ecessary
fo r the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experien ce.




26
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e lectrica l equipment such as generators, tra n sform ers, sw itchboards, co n tro lle rs, circuit break­
e r s , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or e lectrica l equipment; and using a variety of e le ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electricia n requires rounded tra in ­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which em ployed with power,
heat, refrigeration , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s so rs , gen erators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le ss e r skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b asis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such as jig b o re rs ,
cylin drical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessin g items requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feed s,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or c r o s s ­
industry wage study purp oses, m achine-tool op erators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and p recision m easuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves most
of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
"
*
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tre ss e s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed red u cers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts
equipment of an establishment.

or wearing surfaces of mechanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs , o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co rre ct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu re s, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good ord er. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m ber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

Repairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishment. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d r ills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing

F ab rica tes, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, oj* other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of




27
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE--- Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal a rticles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and p recision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m ak er’s work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig m aker; tool maker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

C U S T O D IA L

AND

F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

M A T E R IA L

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
o rd er, using arm s or fo rce where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illega l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

M O VEM EN T

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incom ing ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping re co rd s. May direct or assist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n e ce s ­
sary record s and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified as follow s:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa ctory working areas and washroom s, or
prem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance se rv ice s ; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
custom ers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
ov e r-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)

FILLER

(Order picker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers* ord e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating items filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs , requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to sup ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

T ruckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
T ru ckdriver, medium ( l l/2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P ackers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or e le ctric-p o w e re d truck or tra ctor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
F or wage study purposes, workers a;re cla ssified by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -------

The tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys, ch em ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r as BL S Bu l l e ti n 1654, Nat io nal S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 19 6 9 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
ce nts a c o p y .

Area W a g e

Surveys

A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e stu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a ge and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1969 1----------------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970-----------------S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1970 1___ _____ ______ __
A lle n to w n — e t h le h e m —E a s to n , P a . —N .J ., M a y 1969-----B
A tla nta, G a . , M a y 1970 1 ---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1969-----------------------------------------------B e a u m o n t— o r t Arth u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1_____
P
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970------------------------------------------B o i s e C ity, Idaho, N o v . 1969-------------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1969------------------------------------------------B u ff a lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1969----------------------------------------------------B u r lin g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1970________________________________
Cant on, O h io , M a y 1970 1---------------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1 --------------------------------------C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------------------------C h atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 --------------------------------------------------C in cin n a ti, O hio— y.—I n d . , F e b . 1970----------------------------K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1969----------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O h i o , O ct . 1969-----------------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x . , O ct . 1969----------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t— o c k I sla nd— o l i n e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
O ct . 1969 1_______________________________________, __________
D ayto n, O h i o , D e c . 1969___________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1------------------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 ------------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1970-------------------------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct . 1969--------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1970----------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1970--------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1969--------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1970------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969------------------------------------------K a n s a s C ity, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1969-------------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N .H ., June 1970 1 ------------H
L it tle R o c k — o rth L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1969---------- N
L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970----------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., Nov. 1969 1-------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 970 1 ----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------M e m p h i s , Ten n.—A r k . , Nov. 1969 1----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1969-----------------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969------------—-------------------------------M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1------- ---------------

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1625-86,
1660-76,
1 6 6 0 -1 1 ,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1 6 6 0 -2 9 ,
1660-53,
1660-81,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35
30
35
30
50
35
35
30
30
25
45
45
25
35
35
40
30
65
35
40
30
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1660-82,
1660-2,

35
30
40
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
30
30
35
35
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

45
40
35
30
40
30
35
35
50

c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts


1 Data
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

A rea
M u s k e g o r r - M u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N . J . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1_____________
New H av e n , C o n n ., Jan. 1970 1___________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1970_____________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t New s—
P
H am pto n , V a . , Jan. 1970 1______________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1969 1___ - ___________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa, Sept. 1969__________________________
P a t e r son— lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y 1969_____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , Nov. 1969 1______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1970 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1969 1_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g —W a s h ., M a y 1970 1______________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R.I.—M a s s .,
P
W
R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969__________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s o n ly ),
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 7 0 l _____ ____________ _
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1970_____________________ _______
Salt Lake C it y , Utah, Nov. 1969 1_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , May 1970_______ __ __ _________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
D e c . 1 9 6 9 __________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akla nd, C a l i f . , O ct. 1 9 6 9 1____________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1969 1_____________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1970 1________________________________
S cra n to n , P a . , J u ly 1969__________ _______________________
Seattle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1970______________________
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. Dak., Sept. 1969_________________________
South B e n d, Ind., M a r . 1970 1-------------------------- ----------------S p okane, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , J u ly 1969________ _______________________Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1 9 6 9* ______________
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1970_______ ___________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1969_________________________________
U t ica — o m e , N . Y ., J u ly 1969_____________________________
R
W a s h in g t o n , D .C .—Md.—V a . , Sept. 1969 1________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1970 1__ ________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Jan. 1970________________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1970 1_______ _____ ________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1970 1_______ - __________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________________
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , Nov. 1969 1_________________
W

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30
50
35
30
60

ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1660-59,
1660-17,

1660-77,

35
35
30
35
60
35
50
35
40

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts

1660-72,
1660-6,
1660-65,

30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
40 c e n ts

1660-4,
1660-75,
1660- 6 6 ,
1660-30,
1 6 6 0 -7 1 ,

30
35
40
35
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1 6 6 0 -2 4 ,
1660-80,
1660-15,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1660-56,

30
35
50
35
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

1 6 6 0 -1 2 ,

1625-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1 6 6 0 -2 6 ,

1 6 6 0 -2 1 ,
1 6 6 0 -1 ,

1 6 6 0 -1 9 ,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 c e n ts

30
25
35
30
30
35
30
30
30
50
35
30
35
35
35
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C.

20212

OFFI CI AL BUSINESS





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102