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AREA WAGE SURVEY

T h e R o c k f o r d , Illinois, M e tr o p o lit a n A r e a ,
May 1 9 7 0

B u lle t in
U.S. D EP A R TM EN T O F LA B O R

1 6 6 0 -7 5

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




BU REA U

O F LA BO R

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F I C E S

ALASKA

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N.Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region 1 1
1
406 Penn Square Building
1317 FilbertSt.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions VII and VI11 will be serviced by Kansas City.
** Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone. 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)

U.S. D EP A R TM EN T O F LA B O R
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner




AREA WAGE SURVEY

T h e R o c k f o r d , Illinois,

M e tr o p o lita n A r e a ,
May 1 9 7 0

B u lle t in

1 6 6 0 -7 5
Septem ber 1970

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 3 5 cents




P re fa ce

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e da ta o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d da t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ables:
1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and

2.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s —_______________________

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , two s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a re is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b ulletin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta to
r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and th e U n ite d S t a t e s .

A.

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s b ienn ially.

B.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
R o c k f o r d , 111., in M a y 1970.
The Standard M e tro p o lita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t
th rou g h J a n u a ry 1968, c o n s i s t s o f B o o n e and W in n e b a g o
C ounties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f W o o d r o w C. L in n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r
O pera tion s.




1
5

O ccu pational earn ings:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and w o m e n __________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and
A -3 .
A -4 .
A -5.

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m en tran ce s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffice
w o r k e r s ____ —____________________________________________________
B -2.
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ________________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ________________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________
B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s _______________________
B - 7 . M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n and f r e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t __________________________________________________________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

areas.

iii

NOTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s a r e
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

available

for

other

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7

10
11
12

13
14
15
16
17
19
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21




In tro d u c tio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U .S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts s u rv e y s of o ccu pa tion a l earnings
a nd r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , da t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry gro u p s e x clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
occu p a tip n s stu died to w a rra n t in clu sio n .
S ep arate tabu lation s are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da t a a r e s h o w n f o r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., th ose h ired to w o rk a regu lar w eek ly sched ule
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is t o th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir reg u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle ct co m p o s ite , area w ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f in g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a nd d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , all e s ta b lish m e n ts a re g iven th eir a p p rop ria te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow in g ty pes:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da t a f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s t u d y and not th e n u m b e r
actu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n i n g s da ta .
E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica— Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U.S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
r e l a t e t o p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
as a se p a ra te w o r k f o r c e a re exclu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
(inclu din g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs "
in c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c le r ic a l or related fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in du stries.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l en tran ce ra tes f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o pla n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l pla n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d as a p p l y i n g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Scheduled
w e e k ly h o u rs a re th o s e w h ich f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ;
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a ll
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f i n d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rou nding.

D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to da ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f
h o lid a y s to show tota l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
statistical m e a s u re of v a ca tion p r o v is io n s .
It is n o t in t e n d e d as a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s o f length o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r pa y m en t on
o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a t ic a l" benefits beyon d b a s ic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d t o h a v e a p la n
if th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u i r e d p la n s , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that ty p e o f
in su rance under w hich p re d e te rm in e d cash paym ents are m ade d ir e ctly
t o th e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a nd N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
T a b u la tion s of paid s ic k lea v e plan s a re
l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r ' s pay during a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i lln e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
eith er o r both ty pes o f b e n e fits.

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete o r p a rtia l paym ent o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w ritten by c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on profit o rg a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( ta b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s o f r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a nd i n ­
c e n t i v e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a i d
t o a ll e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e l o w th e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o is p r o v i d e d o n the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h the r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n o n t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s is p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f the l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is p a id
f o r e a c h unit o f ou tpu t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n sa tio n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is r e p r e s e n t s p a ym en ts b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e o f va lu e of s a l e s , o r on a co m b in a tio n of a stated s a la r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .
Data
table B - 7 .

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

p rovid ed

in

4

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o rk e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r stu d ie d in R o c k fo rd , III.,1 b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 M a y 1 9 7 0
Number of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
o f study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study *

Plant
Number

O ffice

P ercent

T otal4

248

A ll divisions_______________________________
Manufacturing
- Nonmanufacturing
—
_
Transportation, com m unication, and
__ —
other public utilities 5
Wholesale tra d e___________ -------- ---Retail trade_______
__
___ ___ - — __
Finance, insurance, and real esta te--------S e r v ic e s 8 -------------------------------------------------------

Studied

T otal4

Studied

50
-

50
50
50
50
50

92

63,502

100

45,524

7,715

44,143

136
112

50
42

50,803
12,699

80
20

36,770
8, 754

5,862
1,853

37,455
6,688

13
12
57
12
18

8
5
15
5
9

2, 342
1,251
6, 554
963
1, 589

4
2
10
1
3

1,601
<)
‘
(6)
(7)
(6)

412
(‘ )
( )
(6)
(6)

1,948
640
2, 667
492
941

1 The R ockford Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of Boone and Winnebago Counties. The "w ork ers within scope
of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description o f the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however,
to serve as a basis of com parison with other employm ent indexes fo r the area to m easure employm ent trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data
com piled con siderably in advance of the p ayroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employm ent at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair serv ice ,
and motion picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, profession a l, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office ca tegories.
5 Taxicabs and se rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient o r inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossib ility of d isclosu re of individual establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estim ates
for "a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal s e rv ice s ; business s e rv ice s ; automobile repair, rental, and parking; m otion pictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural s e rvice s.




F our-fifths of the w orkers within scope of the siirvey in the R ockford area were
em ployed in manufacturing firm s. The following presents the m ajor industry groups and
sp ecific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

S pecific industries

Transportation equipment-------- 25
F abricated metal p ro d u cts—__-2 4
M achinery, except e le ctrica l— 22
Instruments and related
p rod u cts----------------------- - ___ — 10
Food and kindred p rod u cts—
5

Motor veh icles and
equipment____________________ 18
Cutlery, hand to o ls, and
hardw are_____________ -____ — 13
Metal working m achinery— — 11
M echanical m easuring and
con trol d e v ice s ------------------------ 10
A ircra ft and p a rts _____________ 7
Screw machine products,
General industrial
m achinery___________

5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials com piled p rior to actual survey. P roportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions bas(»d on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e

T r e n d s

fo r

S e l e c t e d

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d ex es
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a te o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
pa y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

O c c u p a t io n a l

G r o u p s

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L im itations

o f Data

M ethod o f C om putin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g ro u p was a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r all o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in dex
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Machinists
Stenographers, general
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a ta .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n ge r e f l e c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6




T a b le

2.

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a la rie s an d s tra ig h t-tim e

R o c k f o r d , III.,

M a y 1 9 7 0 an d M a y 1 9 6 9 , a n d

p e r c e n ts

h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d

of in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d

A ll industries
P e rio d

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

in

p e rio d s
Manufacturing

Unskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

O ffice
cle rica l
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

123.1
115.1

123.0
117.7

122.7
113.7

156.3
126.9

146.7
119.2

157.8
128.6

7.0
7.0
7.5
7.1
5.9
2.2
.5
2.8
6.0
1.2

4.6
6.6
10.4
5.8
3.5
2.7
2.1
1.5
2.2
3.7

7.9
6.5
6.8
9.1
4.7
4.6
2.7
3.4
1.4
3.2

Indexes (May 1967 =100)
May 1970________________________________________
May 1969________________________ ___________

119.0
112.5

123.1
115.1

122.9
117.1

126.2
115.6

119.1
112.9

Indexes (May 1961=100)
May 1970 _______________________________________
May 1967--------------------------------------------------------------

144.2
121.2

156.3
126.9

147.5
120.0

154.9
122.7

144.8
121.6

P e rce n ts of in crease
May 1969 to May 1970................................................
May 1968 to May 1969__________________________
May 1967 to May 1968__________________________
May 1966 to May 1967__________________________
May 1965 to May 1966__________________________
A p ril 1964 to May 1965_______________ —_— _____
A p ril 1963 to A p ril 1964________ ______ — _
A p ril 1962 to A p ril 1963____ ________ —
May 1961 to A p ril 1962_________________________
A p ril 1960 to May 1961_________________________

5.8
6.7
5.4
4.3
6.9
2.2
1.3
1.9
3.0
1.6

7.0
7.0
7.5
7.1
5.3
2.7
.5
2.8
6.0
1.2

4.9
6.6
9.9
5.9
3.6
2.9
2.4
1.7
2.2
3.7

9.2
6.1
8.9
7.6
2.6
3.8
3.2
3.6
.1
3.4

5.5
6.8
5.7
5.0
6.7
2.4
1.3
1.8
2.8
1.7

NOTE: P re v io u sly published indexes fo r the R ockford area used May 1961 as the base p eriod.
They can be con verted to the new base p eriod by dividing them by the correspon din g index num bers for
May 1967 on the May 1961 base p eriod as shown in the table. (The result should be m ultiplied by 100.)

7

A. Occupational earnings
T a b l e A - 1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —men and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R o c k fo r d , 111., M ay 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Sex, oc c up a tio n, and in dus tr y di v isi on

Number
of

Numbe
$

Average

$
60

(standard)

Mean3

Median2

Middle range2

$

$

$

70

o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g st r a i g h t - t im e w eek ly ea rni ngs

$
75

80

$
85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

f $

$

120

125

130

135

—

---------- —

—

'"o * o

_

150

160

170

180
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

11 5

120

125

130

3

4

140

150

5

-

135

160

170

180

over

$

49
MANUFACTURING

$

$
140

and
under
65

MEN

$

$
65

1 54 * 0 0

48

13
13

n
ii

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -----------------------------------------------------

20

17

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

113
77

39.5

o
o

B O O K K E E P ING— M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------------------

39.5
39.5

104.00

107.50

99.50
122.00
121.50
DU

*
C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

179
107
72
19

40.0
4 0.0
40.0

B ---------------------------

32
17

40.0
u.

CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS

*

98.0 0-11 5.0 0

-

100.50

94.0 0-10 3.5 0

-

120.50
121.50

109.00-129.50
1 08.00-128.50
1 12.00-137.00

-

98.00
99.00
97.50
• uu

90.5 0-10 9.5 0
9 1 .5 0-10 7.5 0
8 7.00-112.50

_
-

-

1
1
-

14
4
10

17
10
7

8
5
3

97.50
• UU

82.0 0-10 5.0 0

_

-

6

1

3

4

1

C

11

99.50
99.00
100.00
*'
95.50
1*

,uu

15

39.0

75.00

71
62

40.0
40.0

90.00
90.00

86.50
86.00

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

80
73

39.5
40.0

110.00
109.50

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

160
136

4 0.0
40.0

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

100
90

-

i

-

2

4

-

6

-

-

101.50-120.00
1 01.00-119.00

-

_

-

100.00
102.00

99.00
101.00

92.0 0-10 7.0 0
94.5 0-10 8.5 0

-

-

40.0
40.0

93.50
95.00

92.50
93.50

8 5 .5 0 - 98.00
8 8 .0 0 - 98.50

_

26
23

39.5
39.5

79.00

76.50
77.50

72.507 3 .0 0 -

486
437
49
16

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
40.0

122.00
122.50
117.00
126.50

119.00
119.50
112.00
119.00

54
51

4 0.0

1

115
107

40.0
40.0

129.50
130.00

129.50
130.50

1 18.00-146.00
1 20.00-146.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

192
162
30

40.0
40.0
40.0

118.00
118.00
120.00

117.00
117.00
117.50

105.00-131.00
1 06.50-129.00
90.0 0-14 8.0 0

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




-

2

-

3

3

8

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

5
5

2
2

13
9

10
6

6
3

18
9

22
17

ii
11

6
4

2
-

3
3

8
3

2
-

3
3

2
2

3

3

3

*

19
12
7

25
17
8

14
14
-

18
5
13

3
3
-

13
8
5

2
2
-

i
i
-

-

4
4

2
2

_
-

-

_
-

1

3

7

_

3

i

i

_

2

_

_

-

_

_

_

1

3

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

38
25
13

1

82.5 08 2 .0 0 -

85.50
87.50

1 06.00-135.50
1 07 .00 -1 35 .00
92.0 0-14 3.0 0
1 12 .00 -1 56 .00

-

2

i
1

5
5

25
22

18
16

4
3

2
7
4

5
5

1
1

1
i

i
1

i
1

-

_

-

*

-

“

-

_

3
2

l
1

9
9

5
5

7
7

17
17

4
3

15
15

5
2

6
6

7
5

-

i
i

-

-

-

_

-

_

3
3

_

-

1
i

-

-

-

2
2

_

4
4

_

-

-

_

28
27

36
36

22
22

-

-

45
39
6
2

25
25

1

17
17

8

-

i
1

20
2

6
8

30
26

26
26

26
26

22
21

12
11

6
6

5
5

-

2
-

2
2

18
13

12
12

27
25

22
22

8
8

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

9
3
6
-

25
17
8

18
14
4

55
54
i
-

47
46
i

38
33
5

54
51
3
3

2
i

i
1
-

3

8
8

-

_
-

-

-

-

1
7
4
3
-

3

-

-

-

3

-

3

46
43
3
i

-

-

1

1
_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

“

3
3

3

_

7
2

3

5

7

_

3

-

“

“

1

149.00
*

-

-

1 42 .00 -1 65 .00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

*

-

_
-

*

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 ------------------------- ■
----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------

-

*

109.50
109.00

r-

-

1

-

r

-

_
-

*

95.50
95.50

r^r r , ^ r.

-

-

77.^0

C L E R K S , O R D E R --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

3

-

6
5
i

9
6
3

9
9

-

23

22

22
1

22

-

2

-

-

15
9
6
4

10
10
-

6
4
2
*

2

-

6
5

7
7

13
12

14
14

11
11

10
10

18
18

9
9

3

3

3

3

19
18
l

21
18
3

22

21

10
10

16
16

10
10

7
7

~

6
6

i
i

1

10
4
6

-

~

8

T a b l e A - 1.

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m en and w o m e n -----C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R o c k fo r d , 111. , M ay 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is i

Number
of

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f
$

Average

$
60

standard)

Me an2

Median2

Middle range2

$

65
65

SECRETARIES4 -

70
70

75

-

75
75

80
80

-

90

95

10 0

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

160

170

-

-

-

150

160

170

180
and

-

*

85

150

180 o v e r

-

CONTINUED

$

$

$

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

125
117

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

108.00
109.00

10 8.50
10 8.50

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

118
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

3
-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N D N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

118
100
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

11 0.50
10 9.00

1 0 7.00
1 0 7.00

9 8 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

-

4 0 .0

118.00

117.50

9 8 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

33
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 0.50
1 0 9.00

11 0.00
11 0.00

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------SWITCHBOARD

70

140
-

65

and
under

OPERATORS,

CLASS

28

$

-

6

3
-

6

3

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

1
i
2

8 -----

16

4 3 .5

9 0 .0 0

9 2 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -

9 9 .5 0

-

2

-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N ISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

96

9 6 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 4 . 50

9 8 .0 0

4

4

1 0 0.50
7 9 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
7 5 .5 0 - 8 3 .5 0

-

4

-

2

18

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

4

6

52
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 0.50

9 2 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

108
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

9 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

193
129
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

8 4 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

7 4 .5 0 8 3 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

78

9 2 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

~

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

3

4

-

-

3

4

_

8

3

i
i
46

7

39

10

16
16

7

11
10

31
27

29

1

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m ea n is co m p u te d fo r e a ch jo b b y tota lin g the ea rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the ra te sh ow n .
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a te s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e se r a t e s and a fo u r th e a rn m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




9
T able A - 2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ica l o c c u p a t i o n s —m en and w o m e n

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e ek ly ho ur s and e a rni ngs f o r se l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in du str y di v is i o n , R o c k f o r d , 111., May 1970)
Weekly earningsl*^,™ ,
™
(standard)
Number
of

Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g st r a i g h t - t im e we e kl y ea rni ngs of—

$

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

$

$

$

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

105

_________100

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in dus tr y d iv is io n

,
95 100
Under
$
and
95
under

110

$
110

$

$

115

$

$

$

$

$

125

120

130

135

140

145

$
150

[$

155

$

160

S

170

$

180

$
190

$
200

S
210

220
and

105

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

15Q

160

155

170

180

190

200

21 0

220

ov e r

M
EN
$

$

$

$

1

0.0

38
29

4 0.0
4 0.0

125.50
1 0 .0 0

126.00
127.00

E6

40.0

z 03.00
™
2

40.0
4 0.0

174.00 172.50
I T , . . 00 1 7 4 . ^ 0

4 0.0
40.0

136.50
143.00

140.00
140.00

1 20 .00 -1 52 .00

"oo

170.00

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

4
4

1
1

1
1

l
1

8
8

3
3

3
3

3
3

4

i
i

310
10

’ 3 ^* 0 0

171.00

1 4

159.00-190.00

30
22

8
8

-

204.50

43
40

1
1

2
2

5
5

ZZ?* ? ?
1 <-m vO 1 7 4 . 0 0

J8
t

1
-

1 18 .00 -1 38 .00

5
1

-

-

1
1

5
4

6

6

1

4

4

1 1

1

2
2

-

2
2

COMPUTcR PROGRAMEKS,
3
3

1
1

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS. CLASS C ----------------------------------

1
1
1
1

1

1

-

-

6

-

2

2

3

1

6
6

2

l
1
7
7

2

4
4

8
5

5
5

8
8

5
5

3
3

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
lb

_

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

168

4 0.0

1 60.50-182.00

_

10C

-

-

-

-

141*00

1 3 '* '0

2
2

~

1
1

5
5

-

9^

1 30 * 00

~

-

- . 0

17

40.0

105.50

104.00

9 8 .5 0-11 4.0 0

71

39.5

131.50

128.50

-

-

-

3

-

“

3

3
3
3

5
5

5
5

9
9

8

8

3

12
12

9
9

12
12

12
12

27
27

14
14

21
21

3
3

8
8

8
8

5
5

19
19

11
n

14
14

-

7
7

10
10

5
5

1
1

i
1

9
9

44
44

44
40

13
13

24
20

5
5

5
5

5
1

21
21

22
22

9
9

15
15

3
3

i
1

2
2

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

~

3

3

3

12
12

3

4
4

2
2

2
2

-

-

6
6

6
6

8
8

1 19 .00 -1 45 .00

i
i

3

4
4

-

2
2

6
6

-

“

3

W EN
OM

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) ------

11
11

8
7

-

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir re g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l ar a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) ,
to these w ee kl y h o ur s.
2 F o r def inition of t e r m s , se e footnote 2, table A - l .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e di st r ib ut e d as f o l lo w s :
1 at $ 220 to $ 230; 3 at $ 230 to $ 240; 1 at $ 240 to $ 250; 1 at $ 2 6 0 to $ 270; 2 at $ 280 to $ 290; and 2 at $ 290 and o v e r .




-

-

-

-

and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d

10

T able A - 3 .

O f fi c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ica l o c c u p a t i o n s —m en and w o m e n c o m b i n e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w ee kl y h o ur s and e a rn i n gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , R o c k f o r d , 111., Ma y 1970)
Average

Average

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

193
163

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

191
117
74
19

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

39
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

CLERKS,

--------------------------

15

3 9 .0

7 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

108
93

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

c

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------160
136

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

100
90

* *

9 3 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

37
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES3-----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2--------------------------

4 88
439

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

o o
o o

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

o o
o o

o o
o o

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

125
117

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

9 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

18

1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

33
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0

CLASS B ------

4 3 .5

9 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION I STS
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

li e

100

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------COMPUTER OPERATORS,

40.0
40.0

31

CLASS C --------------------

1 6 5 .0 0
170.00

4 0.0
40.0

123.00
128.00

20

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

18 0 . 0
4
18 0 . 0
4

204.00
204.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

51 0 . 0
4
47 0 . 0
4

171.50
173.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

434 0 . 0
33 0 . 0
4

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

244.00
244.00

9 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

193
129

8 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

180
168

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

o o

class

1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

o o o
o o o
•- -t
4

,

1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

9 9 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

file

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

o o
o o

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

115
1 07

o o o
o o o
> 'J
* *

o
o

162
125
37

>
*

17

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

of
workers

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------

Number
O cc up a tio n and industry di v isi on

CONTINUED

o o

3 9 .5

SECRETARIES3 -

o O

20

$
1 0 4 .0 0

^ ^ ^

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------------

O cc up a tio n and ind ust ry d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

^ *
o O

Weekly
earnings *
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

Number
of

o o o
o o o

O cc up a tio n and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
of

188
188

40.0
40.0

151.00
151.00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

18 0 . 0
4
18 0 . 0
4

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

131.50
131.00

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c l u s i v e of pay fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea rni ngs
c o r r e s p o n d to these w e e k l y h o ur s.
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and oth er public u til iti es.
3 M a y in clu de w o r k e r s ot her than t hos e p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .




11

Table A - 4 .

M a in ten a n ce and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m en in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u str y d i v is i o n , R o c k fo r d , 111. , M a y 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g st r a i g h t - t im e hou r l y ea rnings o f—

1
$

t

3 .1 0

3.2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3.4 0

3.50

$
3.6 0

$
$
3 . 70 3 . 8 0

workers

2

Median

2

Middle range

3 . 10 3 . 2 0

3 .3 0

3.4 0

3.5 0

3 .60

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

1
1

4
4

14
14

-

2
2

4
4

-

-

23
23

13
13

2
2

9
9

10
10

1

6
6

-

~

7
7

3
3

-

_

_

$
3.0 0

2.9 0

3.0 0

-

t j
t
Moan

s
2.9 0

2 .8 0

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

$
2.8 0

-

~

t
2.7 0

$
3-49
3.4 9

$
$
3 .4 3 - 4.1 5

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

246
233

4 .2 4
4 .2 0

4 .3 6
4 .3 4

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

35
34

4 .1 1
4.1 3

3 .8 7
3 .8 8

3 .7 3 - 4.3 9
3 .7 4 - 4 .4 1

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

31
31

3 .6 0
3 .6 0

3 .3 9
3.3 9

3 .2 5 - 3 .9 8
3 .2 5 - 3 .9 8

1
l

1
1

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

37
27

3.2 0
2.9 8

3 .1 3
3 . 12

2 .8 8 - 3.3 5
2 .7 9 - 3 .1 8

4
4

3
3

3
3

MACHINE-TGOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

201
201

3.9 4
3 .9 4

3 .9 1
3 .9 1

3 .6 6 3 .6 6 -

4.2 0
4.2 0

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

208
208

3.8 5
3.8 5

3.9 0
3.9 0

3 .5 6 3 .5 6 -

4.2 3
4 .2 3

_

-

3 .8 2 - 4 .5 9
3 .7 8 - 4 .5 8

_

-

-

“

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3---------------------------

56
22
34
26

3 .9 8
4.2 4
3.8 2
3 .9 9

3.8 6
4.4 3
3.5 9
4.0 8

3 .4 7 3 .6 9 3 .4 3 3 .4 8 -

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 90
273

3 .9 0
3 .8 5

3 .8 5
3.8 2

3 .4 8 - 4 .3 3
3 .4 8 - 4.3 1

$
$
4 . 30 4 . 4 0

t
S
4 . 60 4 . 8 0

$
5 .0 0

s
5.2 0

4 . 10 4 . 2 0

4 .3 0

4. 40 4 . 6 0

4 . 80 5 . 0 0

5 .2 0

over

2
2

-

3
1

2
2

1
1

-

3
3

-

~

~

-

130
130

4 .1 9
4 .1 9

4 .3 4
4 .3 4

3 .6 8 - 4 .6 9
3 .6 8 - 4.6 9

54
54

3.3 4
3.3 4

3 .4 5
3 .4 5

3 .1 6 3 .1 6 -

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

23
20

3.7 2
3 .8 5

3 .4 9
3 .5 5

3 .4 1 - 4.2 9
3 .4 4 - 4.4 5

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

71
71

4.3 8
4.3 8

4.5 9
4.5 9

4 .0 3 - 4.8 1
4 .0 3 - 4 .8 1

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

17
17

4.0 7
4.0 7

3.9 9
3.9 9

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

433
433

4 .4 1
4 .4 1

4.5 1
4 .5 1

6
6

5
5

25
25

5
5

6
6

4
4

21
19

57
57

15
15

5
2

38
30

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

_

2
2

_

5
5

4
4

_

_

_

i
i

4
4

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

2
2

3
3

2
2

8
8

-

2
2

4

12
12

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

1
i

-

-

_

i
i

1
1

1
1

8
8

12
12

8
8

29
29

18
18

20
20

26
26

-

3
3

14
14

5
5

4
4

20
20

ii
ii

10
10

19
19

18
18

_
-

_
-

1
i

10
2
8
8

4
4
2

3
3
-

2
2
2

4
4

-

3
3

32
32

-

~

~

i
i

-

2
2

_

-

OILERS ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

-

-

1
1

3

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

-

-

~

_

-

1
1

“

0

>
*
1
<i
\
4*

$
3 .7 5
3 .7 2




S
4.2 0

and

37
35

~

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
“

-

~
_

-

6
6

3
3

14
14

9
9

47
47

16
16

6
6

6
6

-

1
1

1
1

1
i

1
1

11
11

14
14

4
4

4
4

1
1

6
6

1
1

2
2

17
17

15
15

-

_

i

1
1

i
1

-

_

8
8

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

*

*

-

2
2

3 .7 6 - 4.3 8
3 .7 6 - 4.3 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 .1 0 4 .1 0 -

_

4.6 4
4 .8 5
4 .3 5
4.6 1

3.5 4
3.5 4

4 .7 4
4 .7 4

E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

$
4.0 0

and
2 i
2 . 70 under

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1
2
3

$
4.1 0

i

3 .9 0

-

o
o

Hourly earnings

Number

-

2

3

“
_

“

-

“

-

-

h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .

-

10
10

1
1

6
6

11
u

4
4

4
4

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

“

*

_

6
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

16
16

13
13

7
7

24
24

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

31
31

11
11

4
4

24
24

28
28

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

4

1
1

4
2
2
2

6

9
9

-

2
2
2

21
21

5
5

18
18

-

1
1

14
14

-

~
_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

6
6

15
15

5
5

64
64

3
3

9
9

2
2

28
28

6
6

17
17

24
24

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

_

14

_

-

-

_

~

3
3

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

2
2

-

i

3
3

1
1

-

“

3
3

6
6

5
5

2
2

-

2
2

3
3

2
2

_

11
11

3
3

17
17

18
18

_

i

-

6
6

-

2
2

-

i
i

i
i

3
3

i

_

2
2

-

-

i

5
5

19
19

30
30

5
5

70
70

37
37

57
57

-

1
-

-

_

2
2

36
36

12
12

6
6

*

u
ii

i

115
115

-

-

12

T a b le A - 5 .

C u sto d ia l and material m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o ur ly ea rn in gs fo r s e l e c t e d o cc u pa t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is by ind ustry d i v is i o n , R o c k f o r d , 111. , M a y 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e ho ur ly ea rni ngs of—

Hourly earnings

$
2.3 9
t.01

$
1 .9 6 2.6 1

562
472

$
2.8 6
4.1 1

3.2 6

2.0 7
2 .9 4
2.9 7

2 .6 8 2 .8 1 -

$

S

$

S

l

1.8 0

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2 .10

2.2 0

2 .3 0

$

$

$

$

2.6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 . 9 0

3 .0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0

1.7 0

1.8 0

1 .90

2.0 0

2.1 0

2 .2 0

2-30

2.4 0

and

2.5 0

2.6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0

2.9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 2 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 .2 0 4 . 4 0

ov e r

-

-

-

-

73

3
1

2

9

2

2
1

10
to

9

14
L4

12

-

9

t2

4
2

18

1

6

8

t3

12

8

18

29

18
h8

33
33

60
51

102
99

9

3

and
under

2 .7 2 - 4.1 3

2 .9 0
3 .0 1

$
2.5 0

|

$
2 .5 7
3.0 9

Middle range3

$

1 .7 0

$

F
$

$

$

$

$

$

3 .8 0

4.0 0

I

1

171
94

71

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------------

Median 3

$

1.6 0

9

7

4

-

-

62
60

7

26

$
"
O
Cj
N

Mean’

$

1.50

0

1

1 .6 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in dus tr y di v is i o n

Number
of
woikere

4.4 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

3

-

2

1
1

-

1
1

*

GUARDS:

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ------

3 .2 9
3 .3 2

-

24

MATERIAL HANDLING --------------

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 .8 1

62

2 .3 0
2.5 6

2 .1 7
2 .6 8

1 .8 1 2 .1 6 -

2 .8 9
2.9 4

-

521
46 8

3 .1 2
3.0 0

2.9 7
2 .9 5

2 .7 2 2 .6 8 -

3.5 3
3.3 7

-

^*8 7

^* 88

131

2 .6 6

20

7

14
2
12

2

2 .6 1 - 3.1 9
2 .5 7 - 3.0 8

2*90

4

3.2 0

10'1

LABORERS,

2.8 U

156
144

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------

2 * 95

4

2 * 92

2.6 4

*'*6*'

2.9 1

10

5

6
1

2

-

-

-

5

5

-

4

-

8
8

1
1

2

2

2

2

1
1

5
5

12

13

61

31

24

16

td

-

-

3

14

-

6

2

4

18

46

5

48

3 .2 7

3 .2 3

3 .0 4 -

3.4 9

27
23

3.0 9
3 .2 1

2 .9 4
2 .9 6

2 .8 3 2 .8 8 -

3 .4 3
3 .4 7

CG

3* 22

3*31

3*06

3 *^5

129

3 .4 2

3.4 1

3 .1 6 -

2 .8 4

3 . 13

t .09

3 .4 6

3 .3 1
3.2 4
3.3 8

9

3 .4 7
3.7 4

102

3.9 0

4.0 3

3.9 4

rn?

3 37
3.3 6

3 06
3 .0 6 -

3 64
3.6 3

J

J . 31

h
3 .i1?J

? . ??
J *3 0

-

7

55
53

32
32

15

11

12
12

46

1

14

2

7

10

15
15

11
11

10
10

8
8

1
1

-

3

13

14

Id

20

6

26

26

L2

-

j

2

44
l

6

2

6

JrZ

15

17

1

24

77
44

34

(UNDER

MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

3

5

1

7

*

TO

3.3 0

2

8

2

7
1

2

6

22

7

14
8

32
18
14

19
11
8

61
61

61
61

10

18
12

10

HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x ce p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in dicated.
Ex cl ud es p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, ho l id a y s, and late shifts.
F o r definition o f t e r m s , se e footn ot e 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and ot he r pu bl ic ut ilit ie s.
In cludes a ll d r i v e r s , as d e fi ne d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f tr u c k op e r at e d .




-

50

1
24

2
2

24

20

5

35
35

109
109

1

19
19

*

34

5

TRUCKERS* POWER (OTHER THAN

1
2
3
4

-

47
46

4 .2 3

3 33
3 .3 2

1
1

*

3 .3 1
3 .0 5 3 .0 3 -

2

1

h i?

64
TRUCKDRIVERS,

h i .1
*

134

TRUCKDRIVERS,

/ *1 ?

2d

TKUCKQR1VERS* LIGHT

5

3.7 5

3 * ^0

-

-

1

6

-

1
2

1

24
24

RECC IVIN G CLERKS

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------

2
2

131

X9

^6

-

-

1*

-

1

12
12

10

12

11

135
124
8

9

it

-

3*33

2 .5 2 -

2

^3
3

26

*
19
18

22
22

172
172

1

1

13
B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t

Table

B-1.

Minim um

p ra c tic e s

and

s u p p le m e n ta ry

e ntr an ce salaries for w o m e n

w age

p ro v is io n s

o ff i ce w o r k e r s

(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 97 0)
I n e x p e rie n ce d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

O th e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f ---A ll
s c h e d u le s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f ---A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

40

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d _______________________________________

92

50

XXX

42

XXX

92

50

XXX

42

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m __________________

43

38

24

23

14

13

_

_

-

-

2
3
7
2
3

2
2
7
2
3

1
4
1
1
2
1

4
1
1
2
1

-

-

-

-

2
2
1
2

2
2
1
2

28

27

15

14

u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ---------------------------------- --------------------u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 0 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 _______________________________________
o v e r _____________________________________________ __
_

_

_

_

_

_

3
3
3
9
5
6
1
5
2
2
4

-

-

1
1
6
4
6

1
1
6
3
6

3
2
2
3
1

3
1
2
3
1

-

-

-

-

3
2
2
3

3
2
2
3

1
2

1
2

-

-

-

-

1

1

1
4
3
4
9
3
3
1
4
2
1
3

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

27

16

XXX

11

XXX

28

15

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

22

6

XXX

16

XXX

26

11

$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id ' f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

_

1
2

1
2

-

-

-

-

1

1

XXX

13

XXX

XXX

15

XXX

14




Table

B-2.

S h i f t d i f f e r e n t ia l s

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
R o c k f o r d , 111. , M a y 1 97 0)
( A l l p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t ) ______________________________________________________________
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
f o r la t e s h i ft s

A c t u a l l y w o r k i n g on la t e s h i ft s

S e c o n d s h i ft

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

S e c o n d s h i ft

9 4 .5

8 7 .9

2 4 .1

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n la t e s h i f t -----------

4.8

3 .1

0 .8

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n la t e s h i f t -----------------

8 9 .7

8 4 .7

2 3 .3

3.3

2.2

T o t a l ------------------------------------

------------------------------

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h i ft

3.3
_

T y p e and am ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l:
U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ------------------------------

3 7 .8

3 3 .3

7 .7

c e n t s ______________________________________
c e n t s ______________________________________
c e n t s ------------------------------------------------- - —
c e n t s --------- -----------------------------------------------c e n t s ______________________________________
c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------24 c e n t s — -------- -------------------- ----------- ------------25 c e n t s - - ---------------------------------------------------30 c e n t s ______________________________________

8 .3
.8
1 2.1
4 .5
1.6
3 .3

1 .3
2 .9
1 .4
.3
.4

2 .0
5 .1

.5
.8
5 .6
1 1 .6
5 .5
1.6
1.1
6 .7

.7
.7

(2)

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ___________________________

4 9 .9

4 9 .3

1 5 .0

1.1

5 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------7 Vz p e r c e n t --------------------------------------- - - 8 p e r c e n t ------------------ -------------------------------9 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
10 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------- -------I2 V2 p e r c e n t _________________
—
- 15 p e r c e n t — ----------- -----------------------------------

1 6 .7
6 .5
2 6 .6
-

1.6

-

-

7 .6

-

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------

2.0

2.1

.
6

10
11
12
15
18
20

-

.5
1.1
.3
.1

.1

_

7 .8
-

3 .7
5 .9
3 0 .5

or

-

-

_

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g ,
e v e n t h o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

.1
-

-

.
6

-

-

(2)
.8

6.6

h a v in g f o r m a l

p r o v is io n s

(2)
.3
"

c o v e r in g

la t e s h i f t s ,

15

Table

B -3.

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1 o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ,

R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970)

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s _
_

_
_

__

-

—

____

—

32 h o u r s
O v e r 32 a n d u n d e r 3 7 7 2 h o u r s ____________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s __________________ ___ __________
__ __
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s _________ _________
40 h o u r s ______________________ __________ ___________
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 44 h o u r s _______________________
4 4 h o u r s ____ _______________________________________
__ _______________
45 h o u r s ________________ _____
O v e r 45 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s _______________________
48 h o u r s _________________ _ _
_ _ ____
_______ _
_
50 h o u r s _______________ ___ ____ _ __________________

1
2
3
4
5

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

3
1

4

_

-

2

_
65
3
16
4
_
7

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

64
3
1
15
4
2
6

_

100

_
_
-

74
9
17
_
_

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

(5 )

1
3
2
89
3
1
1
1
_

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

_

_
_
_

3
_
92
4
_
1
_

_

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




100

_
_
_
_

_

16

Table

B-4.

Paid holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly ,

R o c k fo r d ,

P la n t w o r k e r s

111., M a y 1 97 0)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_
_

—

_ _
_

___ ___

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
-------------- ------- ----------------------------p a id h o l id a y s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
— ________
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ----------------------- ----

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

100

100

99

100

100

3

-

-

-

-

(4 )

N u m ber o f days
L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s ________________________________
_________
_ ________
__
_
6 h o lid a y s _
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ___ — _
_ _
_ _____
_ 6 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s — — __ __ _
7 h o l id a y s — — _
_____ _____ — 7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s __ ________ _________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________
____
_____ _______
8 h o l id a y s - — — _____
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ____ ______________ —
9 h o l id a y s
_
_ _
_ _ _
_ _
_______
10 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________
11 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________
_
12 h o l i d a y s - - ________ ____________________________

1

1

10

5

_

1

-

7

4

14
11

2

2

-

1

(4 )

4

3

9

6
28
9
19
2

-

8
8
34
9
23
3

-

44
-

30
-

-

(4 )
14
2
3
(4 )
2
2
1
7
3
26
13
23
3

(4 )
1

(4 )

24
_

1

_

_

2

3

3

_

1

_

5

39
_
_

4
34

14
30
4

34
-

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 5
12 d a y s — — — — _____ ,_. ..............
11 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________ _
10 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------- — ___ —
9 d a y s o r m o r e ___
_
----_
_
_____
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ________
_ ___
_
________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________ —________ —______
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _____ _
___ —
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____ _ —__ —
_
— — ___ ___
_
6 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e — ___ _ _ - ______ ___ _ _ ______ _
_ _
_ _

2
21

29
63
63
74
75
85
86
96
96
97

3
26
35
77
77
87
87
94
95
99
100
100

_
-

30
30
30
74
74
86
86
100
100
100

3
26
39
68
69
78
78
84
86
98
99
99

4
34
49
87
87
95
95
98
99
99
100
100

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s
a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la t e d .




_
34
34
34
73
73
76
76
100
100
100

t h o s e w it h 9 f u l l d a y s

17

Table

B -5.

Paid vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 97 0)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------- ------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
67
33

100
59
41

100
100
-

100
94
6

100
92
8

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

*

-

1
71
19
8

2
70
23
6

14
16
70

-

-

-

(6 )
34
2
60
4

(6 )
27
2
66
5

1
43
33
23

2
47
40
12

_
16
84

-

-

-

(6)
10
3
82
6

(6)
9
4
79
8

15
38
44
3

14
47
37
3

84
16

2
3
86
9

1
4
83
11

100

12
35
46
5
2

9
43
40
5
3

84
16

1
3
87
9
-

1
4
83
11

100
-

3
69
16
12

1
70
19
10

2
1
26
23
30
17
1

-

_

1
26
28
24
21

-

M eth od o f p aym en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________
A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pay 5
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------- ---------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------

_

_
29
71
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------

.
17
83
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k - ------ ----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------- -------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

A fte r 5 *yea rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------

75
16
9

-

(6 )
83
7
9
1

-

81
9
8
1

99
-

1

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w eek s

“

-

5
5

78
11
-

“

_

( 6)
-

19
5

66
9
(6 )
1

-




12
-

88
-

“
_________________ ' ______________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .

-

12
7
69
11

18

Table

B-5.

P a i d v a c a t i o n s 1------ C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y p r o v i s i o n s , R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

i

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------- ----------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

2
1
12
23
39
19
3
-

29
38
23
-

5
78
16
-

-

-

1

2

3
58

5
45
35
3

(6)
5
46
ii
37

10

(6)
14

6
70
9
(6)

_
5

8
74

11

_
-

12
-

88

-

-

1

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k -----------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------- -------------- ----------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------- — —
4 w e e k s -------------------------- -----------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------------

7
55
18

12
7

21
10
8

11

1

_
(6 )
40

12
46

1

_

12
45
34
9
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _______________________________________ ____________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s — — ------------------------ —
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------- -----------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s - ------------------ -------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

2
7
30

6

48

8
1

3
32
7
49
7

1

5
48
46
-

(6)
5
16
4
72

2
-

_

_

( 6)

12

5
81
-

14
41
34
-

12

1

-

-

-

1

2
6
1

-

5
5
16
73
-

(6 >
5
9
74
11

5
5
16
73
-

(6 )
5
9
73
-

5
83
-

11
1
1

10
1
1

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ____________________________ _______________________
2 w e e k s ------------------- — ----------- -------------— -----------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------- -----------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

23
3
47
9

8

-

2
1
25
4
51

10
7
-

1

-

_

(6)

12

5
84
-

10
1

14
-

10
64
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e 7

1 w e e k --------------------------- -------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
6
1

-

23
3
46
9
9
-

25
4
49

1

2
1

10
8
-

1

-

-

_

(6)

12
14
-

10
64
-

1
I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r ‘ 'e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s t o w o r k e r s
w ith q u a l if y i n g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w eek *s p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n t i c a l .




19

Ta b le

B -6 .

H e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e ,

o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s ,

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f i t and
fi n a n c in g 1

A l l w o r k e r s _________

_
_

_
_

A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

111., M a y 1 97 0)

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 4

100

___

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w — ~

M a n u fa c t u r in g

R o c k fo r d ,

100

100

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

__

98

99

100

99

99

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e ___________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___________
_______
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ------- — -------------- ----------- -------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___ ___ _________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5____________________________

94
60

98
64

100
21

95
69

99
74

100

70
40

70
39

97
19

78
55

82
60

91
18

92

96

98

96

99

100

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e __________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __ _
_
S ic k l e a v e (f u l l p a y a n d n o
_
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _____ — _
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _

89
54

95
57

63
19

83
57

95
67

67
23

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e _______________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s
_
___
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce
—
N o n c o n t r ib u to r y p la n s
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s _______
- —
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________________
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p la n s
___
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ---------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p la n s _______
_
_ _
_

27

6

5

-

51

56

3

7

4

76

7

2

74

97
55
97
55
97
55
77
37
76
56

99
55
99
55
99
55
78
35
84
61

100

97
57
97
57
97
57
89
47
86
74

99
54
99
54
99
54
90
42
93
80

100

65

100
65

100
65

100
65
98
92

58

100
58

100
58

100
58
95
86

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s f i n a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




20

T a b le B -7 .

M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n a n d f r e q u e n c y of p a y m e n t

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1 a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , R o c k f o r d ,
P la n t w o r k e r s

111., M a y 1 97 0)

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

P a i d t i m e r a t e s _______________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ---------------------------------------------S in g le r a t e _______________________ ______ ____ _
R a n g e o f r a t e s ________________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t i c
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g t h o f s e r v i c e _______________________
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on m e r it
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c o m b in a t i o n o f le n g t h o f
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N o fo r m a l ra te p o lic y
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M e t h o d o f d e t e r m in i n g i n c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

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F req u en cy o f w age paym ent
W e e k l y ----------- -------------- ----------------- -------- — —
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F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n , s e e I n t r o d u c t io n .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s t o a s s i s t it s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l is h m e n t to e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e j o b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o t h e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l t o b il li n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il li n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t i o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a ll y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d on th e b i l l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l ly in v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d is o ft e n d o n e on a fa n fo l d
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o l v e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s and c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s and c r e d i t s l i p s .

B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E

O PERATOR

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w le d g e o f and e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r ib u t io n o f d e b i t and c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e ts , and o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i le s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l b y s im p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t if ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f i li n g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a il a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l ou t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p l e c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d t o m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

CLERK,

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u i r in g li t t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b il li n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n der g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c co u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g on e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g t o on e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o r k i n v o l v e s p o s t in g and b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r ib u t io n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , and
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r ie s ; and m a y d ir e c t c la s s B a cco u n tin g c le r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t i n g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is j o b d o e s n ot r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t is fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u t in e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f i li n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te r ia l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a ll g r o u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o l v e a n y c o m b in a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o t in g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g ou t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r ib u t in g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w l e d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o l l o w up o r d e r s t o s e e th a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w it h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

21

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s i n v o l v e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g in f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t i o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , and t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y .c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p and d i s t r ib u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COM PTOM ETER

O PERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r t o p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
j o b is n ot t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPUNCH

OPERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d i t io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l ic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s o n th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s t o b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r and
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t t o d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M a y t r a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

22
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t in u e d
C la s s B.
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t le o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f da ta t o b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f t e n in v o l v i n g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

BO Y OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h i n e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r ib u t in g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY

M a y a ls o p e r fo r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lt y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x clu s io n s
.Not a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f in i t io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in i t io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in i t io n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t i v e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a ll c a s e s id e n t if y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d t o b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .

a ll ,

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
o v e r 100 bu t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 00 but f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
C la s s

a ll ,

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
t o o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t i o n s in th e d e f in i t io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a ff
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s at l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d is u s u a l ly d i v id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n l y o n e o r t w o ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv i d u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y ,
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 00 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y t o on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e t a il e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
(a) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
t o th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; ( c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic and t y p in g w o r k .

C la s s

C

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 00 p e r s o n s .

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

o f th e b o a r d

o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

in

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a ­
t io n s , e t c .) £ r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a ll , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or




C la s s

e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; jor
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c i a l is t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n i c i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M any co m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o ta k e d i c t a t i o n in v o l v i n g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n . M a y
a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )

STEN O G RAPH E R,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o ta k e d i c t a t io n in v o l v i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r it t e n
cop y.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s r e q u i r in g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y th e f o l l o w i n g : W o r k r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f i c e
p r o c e d u r e s and o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo l lo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s i n g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; and
a n s w e r i n g r o u t in e q u e s t io n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d it io n t o
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l is h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t i o n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l is h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t i o n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d
to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

23
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

In a d d i t io n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s .
T h is t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h il e at
s w itc h b o a r d .

O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la s s C .
O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f i li n g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e s p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k
u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t i n g ru n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR,

GENERAL

OPERATOR

C la s s A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , arid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w it h o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s t o b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a in i n g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k and p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

P r i m a r y d u ty is t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y and
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o
hand o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r ,
T Y P IS T

U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r t o m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e out b i l l s a ft e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t le s p e c i a l t r a in i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i li n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d i s t r ib u t in g in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h e n it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e ll in g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a in t a in u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y t y p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a il s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u la t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n t o th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s
in v o lv in g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e but s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r and m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s a n d s t u d ie s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a re w e ll e s t a b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a in in g o f n ew e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a c h in e .

P R O F E S S IO N A L

r o u t in e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
v o c a b u la r y su ch a s le g a l
t a k e s d i c t a t io n in s h o r t ­
g e n e r a l.

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e t y p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

AND

T E C H N IC A L

COM PU TER OPE RATO R

COM PU TER PROGRAM ER,

M o n i t o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r t o p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d i n g
t o o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l ly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (t a p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s t o c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d i t i o n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t i o n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ra m .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d in s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d t o s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c da ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t .
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e l o p s th e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e
o f co m p u te r c a p a b ilit ie s , m a th e m a t ic s , lo g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t ic u la r s u b je c t m a tte r
i n v o l v e d t o a n a l y z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d f l o w c h a r t s t o s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s t o c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e t o f o l l o w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s t o i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m in g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

com p u ter

o p era tors

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
i n t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u l in g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e t o m i n i m i z e d o w n t i m e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o ft e n r e q u i r e s a w o r k in g
k n o w l e d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a il a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e t o l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w it h m o s t o f th e f o l lo w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c t i o n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n o n a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is li t t l e o r n o t e s t in g
o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w it h in a r e a s o n a b l e t im e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly i n v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as fo llo w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v i n g r o u t i n e ;
p la n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d t o e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w it h th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n t ly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o l lo w i n g
d e t a il e d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w it h f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o r k s o n r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is e x p e c t e d t o d e v e l o p
w o r k i n g k n o w l e d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d and a b i li t y t o d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o l v e d in
ru n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l ly h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a in i n g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h is l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g is d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d t o
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m n u m e r o u s a n d d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s t o d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t ia l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s
t o f o r m a h i g h l y in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v id e

fu n c t io n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d t o a s s i s t .

24
COM PU TER PRO G R AM E R,

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C o n t in u e d

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le se g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p t in g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k ir ;g m i n o r a d d i t io n s t o o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m in p u t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w it h
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g t y p e o p e r a t i o n s .

OR
W o r k s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t io n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o in s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w it h th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

OR

C l a s s C . W o r k s u n d e r i m m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p an d ex p a n d p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e
in th e a p p l ic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a il e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e l o p e d b y th e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo r m in g le s s d iff ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt ta s k s u n d e r f a ir ly c l o s e
d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

DRAFTSM AN

C la s s C .
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p l i c a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p l ic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s t o r o u t i n e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o n n e w
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k is r e v i e w e d t o v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
re q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .

C O M PU TE R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

C la s s A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w it h th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p on en ts and p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a m in i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w it h p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .

B U S IN E S S

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u t in e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e s u ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f fo u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t i o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s tr e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e i v e s i n it ia l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m
s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

A n a ly z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s t o f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o l v i n g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d t o e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s t o p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d id e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h ie v e s a t is fa c t o r y r e s u lt s ; s p e c i f ie s n u m b e r and ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i le s , and d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t io n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f i c i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t io n t o m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k and
da ta f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s t o o b t a in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . ( N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is is th e s k i l l u s e d t o d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w i n g s o f s i n g le u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u fa c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p i c t in g t h r e e d i m i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l ic a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e le s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w it h
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F or w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

sy ste m s

a n a ly s ts

a re

c la s s ifie d

D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

as fo llo w s :

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o l v i n g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a c h t y p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e f o l lo w u p a c t i o n s a r e in it ia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w it h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d t o d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
M akes r e c o m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l la t io n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b t a in in g e q u ip m e n t .
M a y p r o v id e
a s s is t.

fu n c t io n a l

d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r le v e l s y s t e m s

a n a ly s ts w h o a r e

a s s ig n e d

to

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n l y g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d t o a n a l y z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m i t e d
c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,

M A IN T E N A N C E
CARPENTER,

C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c l o t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w it h p e n o r p e n c i l .
( D o e s n o t i n c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
NU RSE,

M A IN T E N A N C E

or

r e p e t it iv e

IN D U S T R IA L

d r a w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d

it e m s .

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

(R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n t o i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l is h m e n t . D u t ie s i n v o l v e a c o m b in a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p l ic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o l v i n g h e a lt h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

Ar D

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y t o c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l is h m e n t . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a v a r i e t y




B U S IN E S S ---- C o n t in u e d

m a in t a in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u fa c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d t o d e t e r m in e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f the
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s t o b e a p p lie d .

PO W ER PLA N T

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o l s , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

25
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e lectrica l equipment such as gen erators, tra n sform ers, switchboards, co n tro lle rs, circuit break­
e rs , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or electrica l equipment; and using a variety of electricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electricia n requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishment in which em ployed with power,
heat, refrigera tion , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s so rs , generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such as jig b o re rs ,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessin g items requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of precision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or c r o s s ­
industry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and p recision m easuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishment. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d rills , or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing




MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves most
of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n ecessary adjustments fo r operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tr e ss e s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good ord er power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed red ucers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing surfaces
equipment of an establishment.

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix c o lo rs , o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co rre ct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu re s, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good ord er. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m ber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b rica tes, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lo ck e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning a.nd laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, ox other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of

26
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE----Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and p recision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of com m on metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescrib ed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig m aker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

C U S T O D IA L AND

F or cross-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
ord er, using arm s or fo rce where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises p eriod ically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receiv es and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping re co rd s. May direct o f assist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, in voices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n eces­
sary record s and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified as follow s:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition fa ctory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance se rv ice s; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
exclu ded.

ORDER

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv er-salesm en and
o ve r-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)

FILLER

(Order picker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers' ord ers, or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating items filled or omitted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to sup ervisor, and perform other related duties.

Truckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckdriver, light (under lV2 tons)
T ru ckdriver, medium (lV2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using e xce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P ackers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or e le ctric-p o w e re d truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru cker, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t

The tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r as BLS B u ll e tin 1654, Nat io nal S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 196 9. S e v e n t y - f i v e
cents a c op y.




Area W a ge Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a ge and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area
A k ro n , O h io , J u ly 1969 1----------------------------------------------------A lb a n y — ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., F e b . 1970-----------------S
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________
A lle n to w n — e th le h e m — a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1969-----B
E
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1970 1---------------------------------------------------B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 1969-----------------------------------------------B ea u m on t— o r t A r t h u r -O r a n g e , T e x ., M a y 1969 1------P
B in gh a m ton , N .Y ., J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------B irm in g h a m , A la ., M a r . 1970------------------------------------------B o is e C ity , Idah o, N o v . 1969-------------------------------------------B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g . 1969-------------------------------------------------B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O ct. 1969----------------------------------------------------Burlington, V t . , Mar. 1970_______________________________
C anton, O h io , M a y 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------------------C h a r le s to n , W. V a ., A p r . 1970 1--------------------------------------C h a r lo tte , N .C ., M a r. 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------------------------C h atta n ooga , T e n n .- G a ,, Sept. 1969--------------------------------C h ica g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 --------------------------------------------------C in cin n a ti, O h io — y.—In d ., F e b . 1970----------------------------K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1969----------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s, O h io , O c t. 1969-----------------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x ., O c t. 1969-----------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t-R o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Iow a—
M
111.,
O ct. 1969 1__________________________________________________
D ayton , O h io , D e c . 1969_____________ —-----— ------------------D e n v e r, C o lo ., D e c . 1969 1------------------------------------------------D es M o in e s , Iow a , M a y 1970 1------------------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., F e b . 1970-------------------------------------------------F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O ct. 1969______________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is ., J u ly 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1970----------------------------------------------H o u ston , T e x ., A p r . 197 0--------------------------------------------------In d ia n a p o lis , In d., O ct. 1969---------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s ., J a n . 1970------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------K a n sa s C ity , M o .— a n s ., Sept. 1969-------------------------------K
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1 9 6 9 ---------------L ittle R o c k -N o r t h L ittle R o c k , A r k ., J u ly 1969----------L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and A n ah eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif ., M a r. 1970----------------------------------L o u is v ille , K y.—In d ., N ov. 1969 1-------------------------------------L u b b o ck , T e x ., M a r . 1 970 1 ----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., J u ly 1969------------------- —----------------------M e m p h is , T en n .—A r k ., N ov. 1969 1----------------------------------M ia m i, F la ., N o v . 1969----------------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1969--------------------- --------------- --------M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1------------------------

1

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1625-86,
1660-76,
1 6 6 0 -1 1 ,

1625-75,
1660-5,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1 6 6 0 -1 6 ,

1660-29,
1660-53,
1625-73,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1 6 6 0 -2 2 ,

1660-27,
1660-23,
1 6 6 0 -2 0 ,

1660-37,
1660-41,
1660-73,
1660-58,
1 6 6 0 -1 8 ,
1 6 6 0 -8 ,

1660-79,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
16 6 0 - 1 0 ,
1625-79,
1 6 6 0 -2 ,

1660-64,
1 6 6 0 -2 8 ,

1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

35
30
35
30
50
35
35
30
30
25
45
45
25
30
35
40
30
65
35
40
30
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

35
30
40
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
30
30
35
30
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

45
40
35
30
40
30
35
35
50

cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M u sk e g o rr-M u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M ic h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1______________
N ew H av en , C on n ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1___________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., J a n . 1970_____________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1969_______________________________
N o r fo lk — o r ts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
H am pton , V a ., J a n . 1970 1_______________________________
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., J u ly 1969 1___ ____________________
O m a h a , N e b r.—Iow a, Sept. 1969__________________________
P a t e r s o ir -C lift o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y 1969_____________
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N ov. 1969 1______________________
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r. 1970 1______________________________
P it ts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1970 1_______________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1969 1_____________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1970 1____________________ _
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t— a rw ick , R .I.—M a s s . ,
P
W
R a le ig h , N .C ., A u g. 1969_________________________________ R ic h m o n d , V a ., M a r. 1970 1 ______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s o n ly ),
J u ly 1969-----------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k fo r d , 111., M a y 1970 1________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r. 1970___________________________
S alt L a k e C ity , Utah, N ov. 1969 1_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., M ay 1970_____________ ________________
San B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n t a r io , C a lif.,
R
O
D e c . 1 9 6 9 ______________________________________________ ____
San D ie g o , C a lif., N ov. 1969 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif ., O ct. 1 9 6 9 1____________
O
San J o s e , C a lif., Sept. 1969 1_____________________________
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1970 1________________________________
S cra n to n , P a ., J u ly 1969---------------------------------------------------S e a ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1970_______________________
E
S iou x F a lls , S. D a k ., Sept. 1969_________________________
South B en d , In d ., M a r. 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________
S p ok a n e, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N .Y ., J u ly 1969------------------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la ., A u g. 1969 1__ - ___________
T o le d o , O h io — ic h ., F e b . 1970___________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ept. 1969________ __ ______________________
U t ic a -R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 1969_____________________________
W a sh in g ton , D .C .—M d.—V a ., Sept. 1969 1________________
W a te r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r. 1970 1___________________________
W a t e r lo o , Iow a, J a n . 1970________________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1970 1----------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., M ay 1970 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1970 L . . __________________________________
Y ou n g stow n — a r r e n , O h io , N ov. 1969 1_________________
W

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30
50
35
30
60

c e n ts
cents
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1660-59,
1660-17,

1660-26,
1660-77,

35
35
30
35
60
35
50
35
40

cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
cents
ce n ts
c e n ts

1660-72,
1660-6,
1660-65,

30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

1660-4,
1660-75,

30
35
40
35
30

cents
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

30
35
50
35
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts

1 6 6 0 -1 2 ,

1625-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1 6 6 0 -6 0 ,

1 6 6 0 -6 6 ,

1660-30,
1660-71,
1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1 6 6 0 -8 0 ,

1660-15,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1 6 6 0 -2 1 ,
1 6 6 0 -1 ,

1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 c e n ts

30
25
35
30
30
35
30
30
30
50
35
30
35
35
35
35

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF L ABOR S TA TI ST IC S
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102