View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

The San Antonio, Texas, Metropolitan Area

May 1970

Bulletin 1660-71




U S DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
.
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

51

Region I
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
Government Center
New York, N. Y. 10001
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)
Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 Mayflower Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
411 North Akard St.
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
** Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.



P '

P U E R T O R ICO

Region III

406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Area Wage Survey
The San Antonio, Texas, Metropolitan Area




May 1970

Bulletin 1660-71
July 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
B U REA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D ocum ents, U .S . G o ve rn m en t Printin g O ffic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cent*




Contents

Preface

Page

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______ ___ _____________________
T ables:
1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and

2.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________

A.

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . The f i r s t
b r i n g s da ta f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
on e b u l l e t i n .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data to
r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the U n ite d S t a t e s .

O ccu pa tion a l ea rn in gs:
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n and w o m e n _____________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n _________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___

A pp en d ix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a nd o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s bienn ia lly.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in San
A n t o n i o , T e x . , in M a y 1970.
The Standard M e tro p o lita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 19 6 8, c o n s i s t s o f B e x a r and G u a d a lu p e
C ounties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c ­
tion of B o y d B. O 'N e a l , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r
O pera tion s.




3

areas.

NOTE;
S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

fo r other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e San A n t o n i o a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a t i o n s .

iii

4

5
7
v O v O 00

The B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e da ta o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a nd e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d da t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( l ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a nd i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

11




Area Wage Survey----

The San Antonio, Tex., Metropolitan Area
Introduction

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u rea u of L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts s u rv e y s of o ccu p a tion a l earnings
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .

there

is

possibility

of

disclosu re

of

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a nd e a r n i n g s data a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w ­
a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e in c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
t o n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , da ta a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u factu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
in d u stry gro u p s e x clu d e d f r o m th e se stu dies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S ep arate tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d f o r each of
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a reaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g and, t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n ot be
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b ­
ute t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d
in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re con d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o ccu p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l ­
low in g ty p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; a nd (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s
w i t h i n th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d
and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n i n g s da t a f o l l o w i n g th e j o b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f the s tu d y and not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is
bulletin.
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y .
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s o n m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
T
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ; p a id
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica— Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n pla n s a r e
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U.S. De­
partment of Labor.
p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r th is a r e a .




1




Table 1. E stablishm ents and W orkers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in San Antonio, T e x ., 1
by M ajor Industry D ivision, 2 May 1970
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry d ivision

A 'l division s________________________________
Manufacturing
-------------- ------------- ---------------Nonm anufacturing_______________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public utilities 5 _____________________
W holesale trade 6 ____________________________
R etail trade ^____ -_________ ___ ______________
F inance, insurance, and real estate 6 --------S e r v i c e s 6 7-----------------------------------------------------

N u m b er o f establish m en ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W i t h in s c o p e
o f st u d y 3

S t u d i ed

St u d i e d
Numbe r

P e rcent

.

457

130

79,294

100

42, 730

50
-

123
334

41
89

24, 156
55,138

30
70

13,110
29,620

50
50
50
50
50

36
62
125
49
62

16
16
26

7, 028
7,445
25,236
8, 250
7, 179

9
9
32

5,
2,
14,
4,
3,

11
20

11
9

476
024
286
628
206

1 The San Antonio Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, co n sists of B exar
and Guadalupe Counties. The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table p rovid e a reasonably accu rate d e scrip tio n of the size
and com p osition of the la bor fo r c e included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to se rve as a b asis of com p a rison with other
em ploym ent indexes fo r the area to m easure em ploym ent trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data
com p iled con sid era b ly in advance of the p a yro ll p eriod studied, and (Z) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scop e of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m inimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto rep a ir s e rv ice , and m otion picture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w ork ers in all establishm ents with total em ploym ent (within the area) at or above the m inimum lim itation.
5 Taxicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded. San A n to n io 's e le c t r ic , gas, and transit system s are m unicipally
operated and are excluded by definition from the scop e of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or m o re of the follow ing rea son s: (l) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm a ll to provid e enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isclo s u re of individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res;
nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organ ization s); and engineering and a rch itectu ral s e rv ice s .

T hree-tenths of the w ork ers within scop e of the survey in the San Antonio area
w ere em ployed in m anufacturing firm s. The follow ing presents the m ajor industry groups
and s p e c ific industries as a p ercen t of all m anufacturing:
Industry groups

S p e cific industries

F ood and kindred p r o d u c ts ____ 32
A pparel and other textile

Meat products___________________ 10
B evera g es______________________ 9
M en's and b o y s' fu rn ish in gs___7
M etal s e r v ic e s _________________ 6
F abricated structural m etal

F abricated m etal p r o d u c ts -------10
Printing and publishing________ 8
M achinery, except e le ctrica l— 7
Stone, cla y, and glass
p r o d u c ts ______________________ 7

N ew spapers_____________________

5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent derived fro m universe
m aterials com p iled p rio r to actual survey. P rop ortion s in various industry d ivision s may
d iffer from p rop ortion s based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d ex es
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d t o th e d a te o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese e stim a te s are m e a s u r e s of change
in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x clu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
M ethod o f C om pu tin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a nd (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w as a s s ig n e d a con sta n t w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r all o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s N)0 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in dex
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e xt s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the da ta .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge r e f l e c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
in S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1970 a nd J u n e 1 9 6 9, and P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in du stries

P eriod

O ffice
clerical
( m e n and
women)

In du strial
nurses
( m e n and
w om en)

Skilled
m a in ten ance
trades
(men)

M anufacturing
U n sk illed
p la n t
w orkers
(men)

O ffice
clerica l
( m e n and
women)

Industrial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

S k illed
m ain ten ance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
p la n t
w orkers
(men)

I n d e x e s (Ju n e 1967 = 100)
M a y 1 9 7 0 ___________________ _________________
JUne 1969

..............................................

114.1
1 1 0 .0

(!)
( x)

(x)
(x)

115.9
1 1 3 .6

n
(x)

( X)
( X)

( X)
(M

116.9
1 1 2 .4

(*)
( x)

n

1 5 2 .0
130 1

In d exes (M a y 1961=100)
M a y 1 9 7 0 .................................................................
J u n e 1 9 6 7--------------- _ -----------

14 5 .3
12 7 .3

n

(x)
(x)

1 5 8 .4
1 3 6 .6

(!)
n

P e r ce n ts o f in cre a se
June
June
June
June
June
June
June
May
May

1969
1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961

1

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

May
June
June
June
June
June
June
June
May

19 7 0 _____________________
1 9 6 9 ____________________
1968 _____________ ____
1 9 6 7 ____________________
1 9 6 6 ____________________
1965_
________
1 9 6 4 ____________________
1963
- — ----1 9 6 2 --------------------

3.8
2.8
7.1
8.0
2.7
5.1
2 .6
2.9
3.5

0
()
()

9 .5
4 .3
( x)
(x )
(>
0
(x)

0
( x)

0
n

0
()
(>
()

2 .0
3.6
9 .7
1 1 .2
4.5
3.3
3.7
2.5
7.1

(x)
()
()
(x)
( x)
4.4
2.6
3.6
2.2

n
n
()
(M
( )
( )
( x)
0
( x)

D a ta d o n o t m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




N O T E : P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r the San A n t o n i o a r e a u s e d M a y 1961 a s the b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d t o th e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v i d i n g t h e m b y th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g i n d e x n u m b e r s f o r
J u n e 1967 o n the M a y 1961 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in th e t a b l e . ( T h e ' r e s u l t s h o u l d b e m u l t i p l i e d b y 100.)

(M
C )

(M
H
(x)
(x)
(x )
(x)
(M

4 .0
5.1
6.9
10.4
2.8
3.2
4 .2
3.6
2.9

5

A.

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1970)
Wetstandard)n8S
v.
Sex, occ up a tio n, and in dus tr y d i v is io n

Average
^

o
”

woikere jstandardj

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g st r a i g h t - t im e w eek ly earn in gs of—

T

5

*
55

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

*

*

*

$

60

_

_

_

70

75

$

75

65

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 60

70

_

and

65

80

80

$
85

_
85

*
90

_
90

*
100

_
95

$
105

t
110

_

95

_

_

_

100

105

110

9
3

9
3

1
-

1
1

29
22

12
12

15
13

$
115

*
120

_

*

115

120

6
-

9
9

»
125

_

t
130

_
125

_

130

f$
190

135

_

_

135

*
150

_

190

»
160

i
170

_

150

an(J

160

170

over

M
EN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

52
28

39.5
90.0

126.00
126.00

CLERKS, ORDER-------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

96
78

9 0.0
9 0.0

98.50
98.50

95.00
95.50

90.0 0-10 9.0 0
91.0 0-10 3.5 0

0FF ICE B O Y S ---------- ----------------------------- 69
NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

61

39.5
39.5

73.00
72.00

79.00
79.00

6 6 .5 0 - 79.00
6 6 .0 0 - 78.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------

56

90.0

77.50

75.00

6 7.5 0-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------

28

B00KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

116 9 0 . 0
26
90.0
90
90.0

123.50 1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
125.00
97.0 0-15 9.0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

13
13

17
15

6
9

22
21

8
8

1
-

1
-

-

91.00

-

11

6

5

7

-

7

6

95.50 7 9 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

-

l
1

1
1

-

_

_

1
1
-

16
16
3

-

6
6

12
8

9
-

1

7
9

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

5

-

-

2

-

3

9

5

3
1

3
-

9

1

3

-

-

1

2

1

-

-

2

-

5

3

-

1

2

5

1

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W0MEN

90.0

92.00

80.00
85.50
78.00

81.00 7 1 .0 0 89.00
8 1.5 077.00 6 9 .5 0 -

88.00
99.00
86.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING — ------------------------------NONMANUF AC TURI NG ------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S3 ---------------------------

192
30
112
91

9 0 .0 109.00 103.00 8 8 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0
9 0 .0 101.50
99.00 8 8.5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 0 .0 109.50 109.50
8 8.00-122.00
39.5 119.00 121.00 1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 ---------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU R I N G ------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3---------------------------

32 6
50
276
72

90.0
90.0
39.5
90.0

83.50
89.00
83.50
93.50

82.50 7 5 .0 0 89.50
83.00
7 5 .5 0 - 95.00
82.50 7 5 .0 0 89.00
89.50
8 5.00-111.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

95
92

39.5
39.5

78.00
77.50

78.00
7 3 .5 0 - 86.00
7 7.5 0 7 3 .0 0 - 83.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU R I N G ------------------------------------

158 9 0 . 0
159 9 0 . 0

72.00
72.00

72.50 6 7 .0 0 72.50 6 6 .5 0 -

77.00
77.00
99.50
97.50

CLERKS, ORDER-------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

68
96

9 0.0
39.5

82.00
83.00

79.50
7 2.0 077.50 7 2 .5 0 -

CLERKS, PAYROLL---------------------------------------MANUF ACTURI N G -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI N G -------------------------------

123
37
86

90.0
90.0
90.0

93.00
89.50
99.50

90.50
8 2.00-102.00
86.00 8 1 .0 0 96.00
92.50
82.5 0-10 3.5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

60

72 9 0 . 0
90.0

82.00
83.00

82.00 7 5 .0 0 83.00 7 7 .5 0 -

-

8 1 .5 0 - 99.50
8 1 .5 0 - 95.00

-

90.0
90.0

88.00
87.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI N G -------------------------------

202
33
169

90.0
90.0
90.0

79.00
78.00
7 2.0 080.50
81.50 7 5 .5 0 78.50
77.00 7 1 .5 0 -

89.50
86.00
89.00

8

23

-

2
2
-

7
7
-

6
6

32
9
28
3
57
9
53
20

_

_

_

22

55
7
98

-

8
8

22

22
22

-

9

55
51

26
26

22
20

1

7

-

2
2

5
5
9

28
9
29

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

7

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
-

11
-

11
-

-

5

-

5

8
9
_

13
9
9
7
2

29

7
1
-

-

-

10
10

-

-

-

6
6

96

-

-

3

5

9
9

2
2

2

3

-

-

-

95
39

19
17

29
21

18
18

7
6

3
3

-

3
3

38
12
26

19
2

20
9

2

3
2

-

6
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

9
3

1

3

-

-

1

9

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

10
7

-

7
-

-

1
-

2

-

-

-

7

1

9
-

-

-

15
15

9

-

-

-

-

-

63

-

-

-

3
-

9
-

1
-

-

-

9
2
7

39

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

3

-

-

7
6

10
10

-

20
9
16

5

9

-

10
-

16
12

-

19
19

-

16
-

1
1

-

-

2
1

19

-

-

3

9
1
3

3
16

5

-

8
9

16
6
2
16
9
1 2 -

10

8

9
8

1
1

17
5
12
3

2
3
_

-

22
22

6

5

8
6
2

13
13

-

92

-

39

19

9

-

35
11
29

1
8

5
-

5
5

6
-

9

-

1

9

2

21
20

6
1

1

8

1
15

-

8

59
11
98

-

91
12
29
3

-

1

1

15
5
10
_

1

-

1

30
19
16

-

-

7
-

9

1

-

32
32
1

-

20
2
18

23

1

-

191
127




-

89.50
91.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.

86.50
86.50

-

12

3

-

-

1

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

16

21

6

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1970)
Weekly earnings *
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
work ere

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly

$
55

Mean^

(standard)

Median^

60

$
65

t

t
70

75

$
80

$
85

$
90

t
95

S

>
100

105

$
110

$
115

t
120

t

*
125

130

t
135

»

$
140

150

160

and
under

Middle range ^

60

W EN OM

$

17C

and
65

70

75

80

85

6

8
a

34

12
11

16

24
-

1

14

40
10
30
3

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

53
5
48

109
21

56
20
36
4

59

46
10
36
9

21
7
14

24

20

14

11
1
10
6

11
1
10
6

3

1
19
15

6

30
2

16

2

46
10
36
16

38

23
36
1

2

3

3

-

4

3

3

over

2

1

1

1
-

95

1

34

90

CONTINUED

OFFICE GIRLS ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

61
59

4 0 .0

5

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

-

-

-

2

-

4 0 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

“

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

4

4

9

4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

159

157
34

*

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

46
27

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

$
7 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

44

$
7 0 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

1 0 2 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

133
460
92

115

$
7 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

3 .5 0
4 .5 0
3 .0 0
8 .5 0

SECRETARIES4------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3---------------------- —

59 3

$
7 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

4 0 .0

3
4
3
3

9
0
9
9

.5
.0
.5
.5

1
1
1
1

0
0
0
1

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

123

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------

231
36
195
65

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 9 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

9 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

9
9
8
9

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

239
48
191

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

140
117

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

25

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

123

“

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

1
0
1
3

1
4
5
2

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-

-

88

15

8

2

9

5

“

8
1
7

26
1
25

-

9

-

-

4

13

1

1
1

7
2

36
11
25

25
2
23

4

13
6
7

8
3
5

8
3
5

15
5
10

9

12
5
7
1

5
5
2

23
2
21
11

3
-

4
i
3

9

12
3

12

4

“

1

8

6

9

8

i
8

18
6
12

-

—

6
—

14
—

-

6

14

-

15
3
12
3

24
-

“

66
16
50
15

27
5
22
4

-

23
-

61
4
57

35

-

—

6
-

9

-

1
-

a
-

_

-

_

8 2 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 -

9 0 .5 0

8 1 .5 0

8 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 -

9 3 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

-

23

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

_

_

_

4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

-

-

7 2 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

6 8 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

6 3 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

7 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

5
5

42
42

22
22

13
13

7 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 7 4 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 -

8 4 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

-

-

28

42

-

-

9

*

19

-

-

28
21

115

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

161
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

116

4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

37
17
20

12

7
-

23

7

-

2
2

29
29

23
16

19
17

3

3

1

3

3

12
12

10
4

10
8

25

9

9

39

30
5
25

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

78
60

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

8 8 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0

_

-

6
5

16
13

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

283
258

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 7 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

-

-

35
35

48
47

62
48

3

21
-

24

35
7
28

*

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

24

*

-

8 9 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
0
2
8
4

2

21

2

5
4
i

4
i
3

3

2
6

2

2
5
2
3

8

8
8

2

8
3

*

“

1

5
1

8

-

4

4
4

14
8
6

-

4

1

26

2

5

1
25

2
*

2

5

3
2
1

2

6

13
—
13
12

2
“
2
2

4
4
4

2

-

2

-

*

3

2

1

8
8

*

8

-

3
3

3

1
-

-

“

“

“

1

“

10
10

10

5
5

4
3

4
“

1
—

3

6

2
2

2

1

14
8

2
2

9

5
4

4

-

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

1
1

4
4

-

2
2

-

i
i

i
i

-

-

-

-

“

“

_

3

3

-

-

3

-

-

3
-

-

5

15
8

-

3
3

16

4

7

-

*

3

-

”

“

-

12
12

8
7

8
6

8

4

11

3

-

2

_

-

-

-

1

41
38

37
37

24
24

4

3

9

-

-

3

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include workers other than those presented separately.




7
Table A -2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, Tex., May 1970)
Weekly earnings^^™
( standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

of

$

Average
weekly

$
80

M ean2

(standard)

Median^

Middle range ^

$
29

4 0 .0

$

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING

B ----------------------------

50
*9
104
1 01

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of----t
t
t
$
$
*
S
$
$
s
$

$
95

100

1 05

1 10

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

1 50

155

t

$

t
1 60

165

$

*
1 70

175

180

and
90

95

100

1 05

110

1 15

120

125

1 30

135

140

145

150

1 55

160

165

170

175

180

6

6

over

$

16 1.5 0

10

161.30
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS

90

and
under
85

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS

S

%
85

166*00

13 6.5 0
13 6.0 0

13 3.0 0
1 3 2.50

1 2 6 .0 0 1 2 6 .0 0 -

4 0 .0 1 0 4 . 5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 5 . 0 0

10 4.5 0
10 5.0 0

9 1 .0 0 9 1 .0 0 -

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

159.00 16 0.0 0
1 20.00
17
120.00
17

-

-

14
14

-

9

-

-

13

2

-

8
8

11
11

4

1

2

1

-

-

-

-

15

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
3 All workers were at $205 to $210.




T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , P ro fe ssio n a l, and T e ch n ica l O c c u p a tio n s— M e n and W o m e n C o m b in e d

(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , San Antonio, T e x ., May 1970)

Number
of
workers

Average

Weekly Weekly
hours
earnings
(standard) (standard)

1

1

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------CLER KS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

2

C LER KS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

2

C LER KS, F I L E , CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------CLER KS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------CLER KS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------—
CLER KS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

OF FICE OCCUPATIONS -

5 40.0 77.50
6

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

29

92.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1
16
2
6
90
194
5
8
13
6
45
343
5
7
286
73
45
42
158
154
164
40
124
13
6
4
4
92

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

80.00
85.50
78.00
109.50
113.50
108.00
114.50
84.00
85.00
84.00
94.00
78.00
77.50
72.00
72.00
91.50
88.00
93.00
93.50
92.50
93.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------OF FIC E BOYS AND G IR L S ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

3

S ECR ET ARI ES --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

2

S EC RE TA RI ES ,

CLASS A --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------

S EC RE TA RI ES , CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

S EC R E TA R IE S , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
S EC RE TA RI ES , CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -

Number
of
workers

Average

Weekly
Weekly
earnings
hours
(standard) (standard)

1

1

O c c u p a ti o n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFIC E OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

$

*
O
o

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B IL L IN G
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------

O c c u p a ti o n and i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

82.00
83.00
93.00
93.50
79.00
80.50
78.50
72.50
72.00
104.00
104.50
103.50
119.50
113.50
112.00
103.50
107.00
102.00

18
5
3
4
124
233
3
6
19
7
67

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

107.00
103.50
108.00
100.00
97.00
100.50
116.50

Weekly
Weekly
hour*
earnings
(standard) (standard)

1

1

CONTINUED

$

7
2
60
159
144
202
3
3
169
1
30
1
20
596
1
33
463
95
46
2
7
15
9
44
11
5

Number
of
worker*

$

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

2

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------SWITCHBOARD OP ER ATO R-R ECE PT ION IS TSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------T Y P I S T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2
41
48
1
93
2
6
14
0
117
2
5
13
2
1
15
11
6
45
11
6
7
8
60
284
259

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

84.50
92.00
82.50
97.50
103.00
102.50
96.00
40.5 72.00
40.5 71.50
40.0 79.50
40.0 84.50
40.0 77.50
39.5 90.00
39.5 88.00
40.0 78.00
39.5 78.00

*
O
o

Average
O c c u p a ti o n and in d u s t r y d i v is io n

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------* -------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

29
2
9
5
4
4
9
12
1
1
09

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

161.50
161.50
133.00
136.00
105.50
105.50

1 Standard hours r e fle ct the w orkw eek fo r which em p loyees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala ries (e xclu siv e o f pay fo r overtim e at regular a n d /o r prem ium rates), and the earnings
co rre sp o n d to these weekly hou rs.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 May include w ork ers other than those p resented separately.




9
Table A-4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1970)

Occupation and industry division

1

Mean

2

Median

2

Middle range

Numbe r of workers receiving straight-time hour ly ear nings of—
$
$
$
S
$
i
»
$
i
$
i
t
%
*
s
$
$
i
$
s
$
(
$
1.70 1.80 1 90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80
2 and
under
1.80 1.90 2 00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80
4.20 4 .40 4.60
5.00
o
o

C
D
o

Hourly eanlings
Number

----

36

$
2.89

$
2.78

$
$
2 .5 8 - 3.08

ELECTRICIANS! MAINTENANCE M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

62
27
35

3.48
3.84
3.20

3.23
4.19
3.05

2 .6 8 - 4.28
3 .0 5 - 4.63
2 .5 9 - 3.89

E N G I N E E R S ! S T A T I O N A R Y -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- -----

60
35

3.39
3.27

3.45
3.54

3 .0 2 - 4.06
2 .8 9 - 3.79

118
93
25

2.68
2.76
2.39

2.64
2.63
2.69

1 .9 9 - 2.91
1 .9 8 - 3.94
2 .0 3 - 2.79

CARPENTERS» MAINTENANCE

HELPER S f MAINTENANCE
m an ufactu rin g

TRADES

--------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

— -------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ! ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------

104
43
61

MECHANICS,

3

MAINTENANCE

m anufacturin g

PAINTERS,

-----

--------------------------

MAINTENANCE

------

44

3.46
2.99
3.79
4.09

3.06
2.74
3.69
4 .4 4

2 .7 4 2 .4 9 3 .0 1 3 .5 8 -

127
120

3.41
3.44

3.09
3.32

2 .9 3 - 3.99
2 .3 8 - 4.09

28

2.86

2.35

“
-

-

1

-

-

8

11
-

8

8

8

_

1

7

2

2

3

-

~

1

3

10
8

3
-

i
i

3
-

3

1
1

3
2
1

9
2
7

-

8
8

5
3

8

1
1

1

1

1

-

_

4
4

_

14
9
5

9
8
i

-

-

_

-

9
7
2

5

8

2

3

8
~

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

1
1

-

6
6

5
5

_

i
'

'

'

-

“

-

2

1
1

_

-

i
i

12
2

5
5

5
5

6
6

*

10
9
i

19
12
7

4
i
3

-

1
1

-

-

6

9
9

4
4

2
2

21
12
9
3

5
5
-

6

5
1
4
3

_

_

2

3
3

33
33

6
6

7
7

1

1

2
2

9

10
10

2

_

4

2

*

-

_

2

"

_

8
8

6

3

~

_

2 .6 3 - 2.98

4.45
2.88
4.49
4.63

1

-

8

'

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A -5.

Custodial and Material M ovement Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San Antonio, Tex. , May 1970)

See

footnotes at end of table.




3

1

3

6

“
3
3

8

-

“

6

-

~

7
7

-

-

15

16
5
11
11

2
-

15
15
14
14

1
1

12
12

8

~
3

-

-

2

-

-

6

6

6

-

4
4
-

4
4

5
5

9
9

6

8

2

-

2

2

10
8

2
2

5
'

'

5
3
2

'

2
2

2
2

10
Table A -5.

Custodial and Material M ovement Occupations-----Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e hour ly ea rnings fo r s e l e c t e d oc c up a t io ns studied on an a re a b as is
by industry d i v is i o n , San Anto ni o, T e x . , May 1970)
Hourly

Numbe

earnings 2

o f wo rker s r e c e iving s t r a i g h t - t im e hou rly ea rnings of—

Median

$
J ANI TO RS , PORTERS,
AND C L E A N E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------PUBLI C
JANITORS,

U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

PORTERS,

AND

S
1.9 0

t
2.0 0

$
2.1 0

$

1,309
229

1.73
1.96

1.93

1,080
56

1.68

1.66

2.03

1.95

1.68

3 Middle range 3

$
2.2 0

S
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 . 70 2 . 8 0

V
2 .9 0

i
3 .0 0

3 .2 0

S
3.40

t
3 .6 0

$
3.80

$
4 .0 0

{
■
4 .2 0

1.60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2.2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3.4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4.2 0

4 .4 0

$
1 .6 3 1 .7 7 1 .6 2 1 .8 4 -

$
1 .8 2
2 .1 3
1 .7 4
2 .3 6

70
70
~

70
70
“

645
18
627
7

166
53
113
2

131
41
90
15

32
10
22
10

71
43
28
7

40
27
13
“

34
n
23
~

17
11
6
3

11
11
9

7
6
i

-

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

9
7
2
“

_

_

%

and
under

CLEANERS

I W O M E N ) -------------------------------NO N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

$
1.8 0

t

1.50

$
1 .7 0

1 .5 0

O cc up a tio n 1 and indu stry d iv is io n

$
1 .6 0

$
1.4 0

Number
of

------------------------------

L A B O R E R S , MA T E R I A L HANDLI NG
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------NO N MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

-

5
2
3
3

-

13
13

4
4

8
8

4
4

2
2

_

“

307
303

1.61
1.6 1

1.6 3
1.63

1 .5 8 1 .5 8 -

1.67
1 .6 7

39
39

48
48

195
193

14
12

5
5

-

i
i

*

1
1

%4
4

836
207
679

1.95

2.10

1.84
1.99
1.81

1 .7 0 1 .8 2 1 .6 8 -

2.21
2 .3 8
2 .0 7

-

-

220
15
205

156
28
128

153
54
99

50
8
42

59
10
49

25
15
10

33
3
30

95
29
66

7
7

15
8
7

38
33
5

_
-

~

*

1.9 0

-

617
82
535

1.88
2.22
1.83

1.7 5
2.31
1.7 2

1 .6 6 2 .1 3 1 .6 5 -

1.99
2.37
1 .8 4

-

nonmanufacturing

*

248
248

127
1
126

74
9
65

17
5
12

4
3
1

11
10
1

11
10
1

33
33
-

14
8
6

1
i
-

46
1
45

219
147
72

1.99
2.04
1.89

2.01
2.06
1.9 1

1 .8 1 1 .8 6 1 .7 4 -

2 .1 5
2.18
2.0 3

-

-

36
23
13

16
2
14

26
19
7

29
12
17

40
29
11

33
32
1

8
5
3

3
3

23
23
-

3
-

_
-

i
i

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

2 .2 7
2 .4 2
2 .1 8

2.1 9
2.4 3
1.9 6

1 .9 1 2 .1 9 1 .8 6 -

2 .5 7
2.5 7
2 .5 9

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

22
22

10
10

6
5
i

8
4
4

4
2
2

6
5
1

7
6
i

8
7
1

6
6

2
2
-

2
1
i

1
1

1
1

6
2
4

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------

70
37

2.3 8
2 .4 7

2 .2 9
2 .6 4

2 .1 2 1 .8 6 -

2.68
2.8 8

-

*

-

~

15
15

-

-

6
-

-

15
9

6
6

1
i

-

-

6
-

-

-

15
-

_

*

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

1 ,7 4 3
389
1,3 5 4
470

2 .6 8
2 .3 0
2 .7 9
3.8 3

2.3 6
2 .1 6
2.6 5
4.2 5

1 .8 4 2 .1 2 1 .7 8 3 .5 8 -

3 .5 1
2.3 5
4.1 6
4.3 2

27
27

11
11
~

200
2
198
“

136
6
130
“

157
23
134
9

21
1
20
~

44
31
13
~

225
218
7

20
7
13
“

49
10
39
24

48
15
33
18

40
9
31
12

53
9
44
15

35
15
20
-

5
5

16
7
9
“

177
9
168

32
12
20
“

55
55
48

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T ( UN D E R
1-1/2
T O N S ) ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

201
42
159

1 .9 9
2.4 5
1 .8 7

1.8 4
2.1 1
1.81

1 .6 8 1 .8 5 1 .6 1 -

2 .2 3
3.7 2
2.0 6

27
27

11
11

16
2
14

24
24

56
17
39

i
i

10
1
9

4
4
~

8
4
4

7
1
6

_

1

3

_

_

~

3

-

-

-

-

158
158

88
6
82
~

101
6
95
2

28
24
4
~

83
76
7

9
9

32
6
26
21

35
8
27
15

20
9
11

8
8

24
24

_

_

-

-

6
6
-

53
53
-

3
3
-

10
3
7
3

13
7
6
3

21
6
15

22
5
17

16

52
6
46

12
11
1

29
26
3

13
11
2

14
7
7

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

6
6

-

_
-

-

----------------------------------------

90
35
55

-

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

-

31
1
30

PACKERS, SHIPPING MANUFACTURI NG
N O N MA N U F A C T U R I N G

_
-

OR DER

FILLERS

-----------

manufacturin g

RECEIVING

CLERKS

------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------

NONMANUFACTURI NG

T R U C K D R I V E R S , MEDI UM 1 1 - 1 / 2
TO
AND I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------------

897
168
729
289

2 .5 8
2.3 1
2 .6 4
3.7 7

2 .1 7
2.1 6
2 .1 9
4 .2 4

1 .7 8 2 .1 1 1 .7 3 3 .5 3 -

3.5 3
2 .5 1
3.85
4 .3 3

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAVY ( OV E R 4 T O NS ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C u t i l i t i e s 4 -----------------------------------

520
73
447
174

3.2 2
2 .1 5
3 .4 0
4.1 4

3 .0 9
2.1 6
3 .1 6
4 .2 7

2 .6 6 2 .1 2 3 .0 2 4 .2 3 -

4.2 3
2 .1 9
4 .2 4
4 .3 2

225
84
141

2 .1 4
2 .2 6
2 .0 6

2.0 2
2 .1 6
1.95

1 .8 8 2 .0 4 1 .8 2 -

2.3 3
2.2 9
2.3 9

TRUCKERS,

POWER

I F O R K L I F T ) -------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------manufacturin g

1
2
3
4
5

_

.
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

~

Data li m it ed to m en w o r k e r s e x ce p t w h e re o t h e r w i s e indicated.
Ex cl ud es p r e m i u m pay fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e ek e nd s, ho l id a y s, and late shifts.
F o r def inition o f t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, table A - l .
T ra n sp o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th e r publ ic utilit ie s.
In cludes all d r i v e r s , as de fi ne d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f t ru ck o per ate d.




-

16

20
20

~

-

3

-

-

_

3

18

3

18

”

*

i

31
9
22
12

14
14
9

16
15
1
“

4

8
6
2
“

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
15
9

24
24
~

8
8
8

336
336
336

12

_

_

.

-

-

-

12

8
8

-

-

6
“

12
6

19
19
-

7
4
3

2

19

4

19

2

-

6

i
-

i

7
i
6
*

~

”

“

52
52
48

5
3
2
“

9
9

2
2
-

7
7
-

_

_ .

n
-

n

~

154
-

154

2
”

_

_

2

“

-

_
-

“

_
-

4
-

178
-

4
4

178
178

24
24
*

4
4
4

158

8
8

_

-

158
158

-

-

-

-

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area tc area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job d escriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

CLERK, FILE

P repares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or e le ctro matic typew riter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges or p erform other
cle rica l work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs , m achine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as correspon den ce, reports, technical docu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a small group of low er level file clerk s.

B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish er, Burroughs, e t c ., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord ers, internally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n ecessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.

Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by sim ple (subject matter) head­
ings or partly cla ssified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares simple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, locates clea rly identified m aterial in files and forw ards
m aterial.
May p erform related c le rica l tasks required to maintain and service file s.
Class C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssified or which
is easily cla ssified in a simple serial cla ssification system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forw ards m a­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s simple c le rica l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and service file s.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger record . The machine autom atically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.

CLERK,

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
C lass A. Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rincip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper record s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production re co rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing d escribed under b ille r,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which may involve f r e ­
quent use of a Comptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general d irection of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or record s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and e xp eri­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and
closin g journal entries; and may d irect class B accounting clerks.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a num erical a n d /or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. P erform s same
tasks as low er level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, for exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation from several docum ents; and searches fo r and
interprets inform ation on the document to determ ine inform ation to be punched. May train
inexperienced op erators.

C lass B. Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher reg isters; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general led gers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




ORDER

R eceives cu stom ers' ord ers fo r m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow in g: Quoting p rices to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking p rices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receipt of ord ers from cu stom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been filled , keep file of ord ers received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd ers.

11

12
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR--- Continued
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a num erical and/or
alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source docum ents, follow s specified sequences which have
been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. Problem s arising from erroneous items or cod es, m issing inform ation,
e tc., are referred to supervisor.

SECRETARY--- Continued
d. S ecretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 p erson s; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g ., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rso n s.
Class C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating m inor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor cle rica l work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y-to-d ay work activities of the supervisor. Works fa irly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied cle rica l
and secreta rial duties, usually including m ost of the follow in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
personal ca lle rs, and incoming m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the su p ervisor's file s; (c) maintains
the su p ervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews corresp on den ce, memoranda, and reports prepared by others
for the su p ervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accu racy; and (f) p erform s
stenographic and typing work.
May also p erform other cle rica l and secreta rial tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
.Not all positions that are titled "se c re ta ry " p ossess the above ch a ra cteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded f*-om the definition are as follow s: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "p erson al" secreta ry concept d escribed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of p rofessional, technical,
or m anagerial persons; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com plex and responsible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized cle rica l duties which are not typical of secreta rial work.
NOTE: The term "corp ora te o ffi c e r ," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officia ls who have a significant corporate-w id e policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activities. The title "v ice p resid en t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a cle rica l staff) are not considered to be
"corp ora te o ffice rs " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
all,

a. Secretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
over 100 but few er than 5,000 p ers on s ; or

b. Secretary to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p erson s.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, fewer than 100 p ers on s ; or
b. Secretary to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the o ffice r level) over either a m ajor
corporate-w id e functional activity (e.g ., marketing, resea rch , operations, industrial re la ­
tions] etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em p loyees; or




a. Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the sp ecific level situations in the definition fo r class B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; c^r
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5, 000 p e rso n s.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g ., fewer than
about 25 or 30 person s); 0 £
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, p rofession a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffice r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than se cre ta rie s as d escribed above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple re c o rd s, or p erform other relatively
routine c le rica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribin gmachine work. (See transcribing-m achine op era tor.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b riefs or reports on scientific resea rch from one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep re co rd s, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp onsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accu racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, p o licies, procedu res, file s,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial for rep orts, m emorandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or o ffice ca lls. P e rfo rm s full telephone inform ation se rv ice or handles
com plex ca lls, such as con ference, co lle ct, o versea s, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escribed for switchboard op erator, cla ss B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ice o ccu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or o ffice ca lls. May handle routine long distance calls and re co rd tolls.
May p erform lim ited telephone inform ation serv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation service
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent serviced are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are re fe rre d to another operator.)

13
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerica l work may take the m ajor part of this w o rk e r's time while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates sim ple tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
so rte r, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. May include simple
wiring from diagram s and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or ele ctrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, colla tor, and others.
P erform s com plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and p erform s difficult
wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced op erator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagram s and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors perform ing tabulating-machine operations and d a y-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine op erators.
Class B. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrica l accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, rep rod u cer, and collator. This work is
p erform ed under s p ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r cis e , a com plete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the p ro ­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the machine.

PROFESSIONAL

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rica l work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
b riefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A w orker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating p ro ce s s es. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re co rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming m ail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for co rre ct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN----Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
Class B. P erform s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: P repares working drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and p recise positional relationships between components; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
s tr e ss e s, etc. R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.

Class C. P repares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of

components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are less com plete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during p rog ress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
P repares sim ple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during p ro g re ss.

Work is clo se ly supervised

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the prem ises of a
fa ctory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em p loyees' injuries; keeping record s
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and ca r r y ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P erform s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, crib s, counters, benches, partitions, doors, flo o rs , stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following.: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions using a
variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;

making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials n e ce s ­
sary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




14
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
ele ctrica l equipment such as gen erators, tra n sform ers, switchboards, co n tro lle rs, circuit break­
e rs , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
e le ctrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or electrica l equipment; and using a variety of electricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electricia n requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining wheels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through * form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with power,
heat, refrig era tion , or a ir-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air c o m p re s so rs , gen erators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b oilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary b oilers to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing b o ilerroom equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by perform ing s p ecific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b asis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such as jig b o re rs ,
cylin drical or surface grin d ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processin g item s requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feed s,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or c r o s s ­
industry wage study p urposes, m achine-tool op era tors, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and '»f»exifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m ateria ls, p arts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and p erform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d r ills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing




MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves most
of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n ecessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experien ce. Excluded from this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tre sse s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed red ucers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing surfaces
equipment of an establishment.

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodw ork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface p eculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs , o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co rre ct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or p ow er-d riven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu re s, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether
finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good ord er. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b e r's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab rica tes, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lo ck e rs , tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning a.nd laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, oj * other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of

15
SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE--- Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m ak er's handtools and p recision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; s'etting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce sse s. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool maker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

F or cross-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
o rd er, using arm s or force where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receiv es and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping re co rd s. May direct or assist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n e ce s­
sary record s and files.

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition factory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance se rv ice s; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

FILLER

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers' ord ers, or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating items filled or omitted, keep record s of outgoing o rd ers, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and p erform other related duties.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv er-salesm en and
over-the - road drivers are excluded.
F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckdriver, light (under 1V tons)
2
T ru ckdriver, medium (lV2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using ex ce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or e le ctric-p ow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
F or wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru cker, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -------

The tenth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn e ys, ch em ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r as BUS B u l l e ti n 1654, N at io na l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 6 9 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
ce nt s a c o p y .

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the l a te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu die s in clu d in g m o r e li m i t e d s tu die s c o n d u c te d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a ge and H our and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u perin ten den t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in gto n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , O hio, J u ly 1969 1----------------------------------------------------A lb a n y— c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y ., F e b . 1970-----_-- -------S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1_________ ____ ______
A lle n to w n — e t h le h e m — a s to n , P a . —N .J ., M a y 1969-----B
E
At la nta, G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1969_______________________________
B e a u m o n t— o r t Arthur—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1------P
B in gha m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970-----------------------------------------B o i s e Cit y, Idaho, N o v . 1969____ ___ _____ ______________
B o s to n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y ., O ct. 1969___________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t . , M a r . 1970__________________________ _
Canton, O h io , M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________
C h a r le s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1970 1 _________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 _____________________________
C h atta n ooga, Ten n.—G a . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1
___ _________— _____----- —
Cin cin n a ti, O h io — y.—I n d ., F e b . 1970----------------------------K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1969---------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct . 1969_______________________________
D a lla s , T e x . , O ct. 1969___________________________________
D a v e n p o r t - R o c k Isla nd— o lin e , I o w a ^ I ll.,
M
O ct. 1969 1______________________________________ - __________
D ayton , O h io , D e c . 1969_______ _— _ 1 6 6 0 - 3 7 , 30 ce n ts
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1________________________________
D es M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969_____________________________
D e tr o it, M i c h . , F e b . 1970________________________________
F o r t W o rt h , T e x . , O ct. 1969--------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y, W i s ., J u ly 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1--------------------------------------------H ouston , T e x . , A p r . 1970-------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct. 1969--------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1970------- ---- ------------------------------- —
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969 ----------------------------------------K a n s a s Cit y, M o . —K a n s ., Sept. 1969-------------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N .H ., June 1 9 6 9 ™ —-----—H
Lit tl e R o c k — o rth L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1969----------N
L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970---------- _______----- _______
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—I n d ., Nov. 1969 1-------------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1969_____________________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n.—A r k . , Nov. 1969 1---------------------------------M ia m i, F l a . , N o v . 1969___________________________________
M id la nd and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969---------------------------------------------M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1-----------------------

1

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1660-51,
1660-55,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1 6 6 0 -1 1 ,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1660-57,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1 6 6 0 -2 9 ,
1660-53,
1625-73,
1660-68,
1660-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 cen ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 cen ts
25 cen ts
45 ce n ts
45 ce n ts
25 cen ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
40 cen ts
30 c e n ts
65 ce n ts
35 cen ts
40 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
35 ce n ts

1660-20,

35 ce n ts

1660-41,
1625-62,
1660-58,
1 6 6 0 -1 8 ,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1660-67,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

40 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 cents
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

1660-64,
1 6 6 0 -2 8 ,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

45
40
35
30
40
30
35
35
50

D ata o n establishm ent p ra c tic e s and su pplem entary w age provisions are also presented.




ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts

A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1_____________
New H aven, C o n n . , Jan. 1970 1___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J an. 1970----------------------------- -------------New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t News—
P
H am pton, V a . , J an. 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
O k la h o m a C ity, O k l a . , J u ly 1969 1_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r .—Iowa, Sept. 1969---------------------------------------P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y 1969-------------------P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N .J ., Nov. 1969 1_____________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r. 1970 1-------------------------------------------P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J an. 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1969_______________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t— a r w ic k , R.I.—M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 1969 1 --------------------------------------------------------------------------R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969__________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s only ),
J u ly 1969----------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1969 __________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1970____________________________
Salt Lake C it y , Utah, Nov. 1969 1_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , May 1970______________________________
San Bernardincr— i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
D e c . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------San D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1 ____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a lif . , O ct. 1 9 6 9 1____________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1969 1_____________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1969______ - __________________________
S cra n to n , P a . , J u ly 1969---------------------------------------------------Seattle— v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 1970______________________
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , Sept. 1969_________________________
South Ben d, I n d ., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------------------S p o k a n e , W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J uly
1969----------------------------------------------Ta m pa —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F la . , Aug. 1969 1______________
T o l e d o , O h io — i c h . , F e b . 1970___________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J ., Sept. 1969-------------------------------------------------U tic a —R o m e , N . Y ., J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------W a s h in gto n , D .C .—Md.—V a . , Sept. 1969 1________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1----------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Jan.
1970----------------------------------------------W ic h it a , K a n s . , D e c .
1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ma y 1969_____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------- -------------------------Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h io , Nov. 1 9 6 9 1_________________
W

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1 6 2 5 -8 0 ,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1 6 2 5 -8 8 ,

30 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
60 ce n ts

1660-59,
1 6 6 0 -1 7 ,
1660- 12,
1 6 2 5 -8 7 ,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1 6 6 0 -2 6 ,
1 6 2 5 -7 6 ,

35 cen ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
60 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

1625-74,
1660-6,
1660-65,

30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 cen ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1660-66,
1 6 6 0 -3 0 ,
1 6 60-7 1,

30
30
40
35
30

ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1 6 6 0 -2 4 ,
1625-68,
1660- 15,
1660-52,
1660- 14,
1660-62,
1 6 2 5 -8 1 ,
1 6 6 0 -1 3 ,
1 6 6 0 -7 ,
1660-56,
1 6 6 0 -2 1 ,
1 6 6 0 -1 ,
1 6 6 0 -1 9 ,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1 6 2 5 -4 1 ,
1625-84,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30
35
50
35
30
30
30
25
35
30
30
35
30
30
30
50
35
30
30
30
30
35

ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BU RE AU OF L A BOR S TA TI STI CS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U . S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102