View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Area

March 1970

B u lle tin




1 6 6 0 *7 0

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

\~ y Puerto Rico
Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ca. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)


* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
** Regions
Federal Reserve Bank of St. LouisIX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

Area Wage Survey
The Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Area




March 1970

Bulletin 1660-70
J u ly 1 9 7 0

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffic e, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cent*




P r e fa c e

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e data on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
United S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in sig h t into ( 1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and ( 2 ) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T ables:
1.
2.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a ro u nd
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u ll e tin s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d into
on e b u ll e t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h ich has
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the United S t a te s .

A.

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a nn ua lly and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .

B.

T h i s b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , in M a r c h 1970. T h e Sta nda rd M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f M a r i c o p a Cou nty. T h is
stu dy w as c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in San
F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f A d o l p h O.
B e r g e r , A ssista n t Region al D ir e c t o r for O perations.




5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________
O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s :
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and
m
w o m e n ___________________________________________________________
A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A -4.
M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m entrance s a la rie s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________
B -2.
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________________
B -6.
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s _______________________
B -7.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n and f r e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t _________________________________________________________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S i m i l a r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a i l a b l e
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

fo r other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n in g s in the P h o e n i x a r e a is
a lso available fo r s e le c t e d food s e r v ic e occu pations (M a rch
1970). Union s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e
a v a i l a b l e f o r b uil din g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and
allied occu p a tion s.

iii

4

6

7
9
10
11
12

14
15
16
17
18
21
22
23




Area Wage Survey
-----The Phoenix, Ariz., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h i c h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tistic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o ccu p a tio n a l earn ings
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , da ta w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry gro u p s ex clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i. o n s s t u d i e d t o w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S ep arate tabu lation s are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th ose h ir e d to w o r k a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p re se n te d re fle c t co m p o s ite , areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f fin g a nd , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e da ta ,
h o w e v e r , all e s ta b lish m e n ts a re g iven th eir a p p rop ria te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O ccupations

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow in g ty p e s:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s da t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and not th e n u m b e r
actu a lly s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta .
E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s

ta b les) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s
( in c l u d i n g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs"
in c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r re la ted fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
i n d u s t r ie s .
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have f o r m a l en tra n ce ra te s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b le B - Z ) a r e l i m i t e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h if t at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( ta b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch edu led
w e e k ly h o u rs a re th o s e w h ich f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
plans;
and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a ll
pla nt o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f in d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
rou nding.

D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to da ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (Z) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f the p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h olida ys actu a lly granted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show total h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( ta b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d t o a
statistical m e a s u re of va ca tion p r o v is io n s .
It is not in t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a ll l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d t o a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
th ose w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a tic a l" benefits beyond b a sic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of such
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta o n h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t . S u ch p la n s i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fund o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s th an a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f the p la n .
Le­
g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c l u d e d .

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that ty p e o f
in su ra n c e under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s t o w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h av e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the
w o r k e r 's pay during a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i lln e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll pa y
and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l pa y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r pa id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, rr (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plans.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
p le t e o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
S u ch pla n s m a y b e u n d e r ­
w ritte n by c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on profit o r g a n iza tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a id f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fund s e t a s i d e f o r
th is p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( ta b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s o f r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a nd i n ­
cen tive s y s te m s .
U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a id
to a ll e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a id a b o v e o r b e l o w th e s i n g l e r a te




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o is p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h the r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n o n t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p la n s is p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f the l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is p a id
f o r e a c h unit o f o utp ut. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l e s s than s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d o n a
p e r c e n t a g e of valu e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a t io n of a stated s a la r y
plu s a p e r c e n t a g e .

table

D a ta
B -7.

on

frequen cy

of

wage

paym ent

a lso

are

p rovided

in

4

Table 1.

Establishm ents and W orkers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in Phoenix, A riz. , 1 by M ajor Industry Division, 2 March 1970
Number of establishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study*

Plant
Number

A ll d ivision s-----------------------------------------------Manufacturing----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5---------------------------------Wholesale tra d e--------------------------------------------Retail trade------------------------------------------ ------Finance, insurance, and real e sta te-----------S ervices 8------------------------- ------------------------------

_

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied

Office

P ercent

T otal4

137

143, 120

100

90, 055

23, 694

85, 891

50
-

165
432

39
98

65, 584
77, 536

46
54

39, 957
50, 098

9, 411
14, 283

47, 766
38, 125

50
50
50
50
50

39
64
174
58
97

16

11, 126
6, 363
36, 311
11, 086
12, 650

8

6, 201

31
14
26

4
25

597

11

8

9

(6 )
(6)
(7)
(6)

2, 301
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

8, 433
1, 822
16, 108
6, 826
4, 936

1 The Phoenix Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of M aricopa County. The "w orkers within scope of study"
estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate d escrip tion of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the
survey. Theestim ates are
not intended, however, to serve
as a basis of com parison with other employm ent indexes fo r the area to m easure employm ent trends or levels since ( l ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data com piled
con siderably in advance of the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and m otion picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, profession a l, and other w orkers excluded from the separate plant and office ca tegories.
5 Taxicabs and serv ices incidental to water transportation were excluded. Several e le ctric utilities (supplying less than half thee le ctric consum ption in M aricopa County) were publicly
operated and excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the Series A tables, and fo r "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possib ility of d isclo su re of individual
establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estim ates
for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables.
Separate presentation of data fo r this division is not made fo r one or
m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other p ersonal se rv ice s ; business se rv ice s ; automobile repair, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural se rv ice s.




A lm ost one-h alf of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Phoenix area were
em ployed in manufacturing firm s.
The following presents the m ajor industry groups and
sp ecific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
E le ctrica l equipment and
supplies----------------------------------- 40
Transportation equipm ent-------- 16
Machinery, except e le ctrica l—. 12
Food and kindred p ro d u cts------- 7
P rim a ry m etal in d u stries-------- 6

Specific industries
E lectronic components and
a c c e s s o r ie s ------------------------------ 33
A ircra ft and p a rts -----------------14
O ffice and computing
m ach in es---------------------------------- 9
Comm unication equipment---------- 6
N onferrous rolling and
d raw ing------------------------------------- 5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total employm ent derived from universe
m aterials com piled p rio r to actual survey.
P roportions in various industry division s may
d iffer from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

Wage Trends for
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d pla nt w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d t o th e da te o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
pa y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of earn ings fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

L im itations

o f Data

M ethod o f C om putin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d o n it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r all o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e xt s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e , as m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a nd (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, wages
m a y h av e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y C o n sta nt, y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge r e f le c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e pa y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6

T a b le 2.

I n d e x e s o f Standard W e e k l y S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r ly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G ro u p s
in P h o e n i x , A r i z , , M a r c h 1970 and M a r c h 1969, and P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
M a n u f a c tu r in g

A ll industries
O ffice
clerical
( m e n and
women)

P e r io d

I n d u s t ria l
nurses
( m e n and
women)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
trades
(men)

U n s k il le d
plant
workers
(men )

O ffice
clerical
( m e n and
women)

I n d u s t r ia l
nurses
( m e n and
women)

S k ille d
m a in te n a n c e
trades
(men)

U n s k il le d
plant
w orke r s
(men )

I n d e x e s ( M a r c h 1967=100)
M a r c h 1 9 7 0 ----------- — -----------M a r c h 1 9 6 9- -- -- ------ -- -----------------

-

115. 1
110. 1

(M
(

)

113. 5
109. 5

113. 8
1 1 1 .0

114. 7
109. 2

(M
n

114. 5
1 1 1 .0

115. 2
107. 2

I n d e x e s ( M a r c h 1961=100)
M a r c h 1970 — — - - .............. .............
M a rch 1967. —
— - — -----------------

— —

145. 2
126. 1

n
(M

134. 9
118. 9

139. 2
122. 4

141. 7
123. 6

(M

(M

(M

(M

1 4 1 .8
123. 0

P e rce n ts of in cre a se
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch

1969
1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I960

1

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch
M arch

1 9 7 0 ------- ----1 9 6 9 -1 9 6 8 - — - — -----___ — - 1 9 6 7 ___
1966
- — — —
1965
- ----------- —
1 9 6 4 - ..............
1963 - 1962 — ---------------1961
- —

4.
5.
3.
5.
3.
3.
3.
4.
3.
2.

6
9
9
8
3
1
4
3
8
6

7. 0
6. 2
(M
(M
( M

n
n

2. 0
4. 7
(M

3.
5.
3.
3.
3.
2.
.
1.
6.
2.

7
9
4
1
7
3
9
1
5
8

2. 5
5. 0
5. 7
4. 4
2. 4
1 .8
0
7. 8
4. 2
4. 4

5. 0
5. 6
3. 5
4. 8
3. 5
5. 0
3. 4
2. 8
1 .9
1. 9

6. 2
6. 2
(M

3. 1
7. 5
3. 3

(| )

(M

(M

(M

n
n

(M

( )

n

5. 2

(M

(M

(M

(M

D ata d o not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




NOTE:
P r e v i o u s l y p u b lis h e d i n d e x e s f o r the P h o e n i x a r e a u s e d M a r c h 1961 as the b a s e p e r i o d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to the n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d iv id in g th em b y the c o r r e s p o n d i n g in d e x n u m b e r s f o r
M a r c h 1967 on the M a r c h 1961 b a s e p e r i o d as show n in the t a b le .
( T h e r e s u l t s hou ld be m u l t i p l i e d
b y 1 0 0 .)

7. 4
4. 6
2. 6
2. 8
3. 2
2. 3
5. 6
4. 4
2. 9
3. 0

7

A.
Table A-l

Occupational Earnings

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz., March 1970)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

Average
weekly
(standard)

$
55

M ean2

Median2

$
60

*

$
65

70

$
75

*
60

*

$
85

90

*
95

$
100

$

$

t

105

110

115

S
120

$

125

140

60

150

$

CLASS A

$
$
1 06 .00 100 .00 -

65

70

75

46

40.0

114.50

522.00
110.00

42

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

*20

125

130

140

150

160

40.0

81.00

84.00

7 3.0 0-

88.00

58
44

40.0
40.0

80.50
82.00

80.00
82.50

7 6.5 07 7 .5 0 -

85.00
88.00

8
8

1 08.00-137.00

1

40.0

123.00
131.00
112.00

132.00

26

109.50

1 04 .00 -1 24 .00

75
51

40.0

92.00

92.00

85.0 0-11 0.5 0
8 3 .5 0-10 0.0 0

39.0

114.50

115.50
121.00

204

30*"

715
178

92.50
1ftO * ftft
ftl ftft
Art ft . « 6 ftft 9 8 * 0 0
ft a ftft
4 0 . 0 1 1 A* 0 0

131.00
127.00

14

14

12

6

0

3

1

WOMEN
BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
NO NMANUFACTURING

21

16
t6

3

5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
30
3

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
nonmanufacturing

CLAjS a

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING.

CLAS'> 0
. J
-

84.0 0-10 2.5 0

39 *5

m
*n
82*50

33* 5

7^*50

a. 2
4 l «*5

2.0 0

102.50
01.00

1 0'*00
97.50

106*00
96.50
76

32

31

122

99

106

32

31

109

84

92
12

84.0 0-10 6.0 0

40.0
40.0

90.50
90.00

89.00
89.00

86.0 0-10 0.0 0
8 5 .5 0 - 99.00

1 12 * 5 0
92.50

109*00
96.00

79.5 0-10 1.0 0

AA

ftC ft r
t ftft ftft

A ft

94
84

ft 1 ft-,

4 0 *0
40.0

8

32
129.00
113.00

7

33

22

48

53
8

22

80
41
39

101
69

36
24
12

1

10

ii

25
ii

35
15
20

11
8

15

10

19

2

33
14
19

14

3

5
5

10

u
rz

10

35
32

24

ftft

1r i

y ft ft

^ * * ftft
Aft
Oft ftft 9 11 0 0
4 0 * 0ft 90 •00

ii

30

37

LA

15
24

i

28

4
OA

43

25

A

to

45

12
rz

11

**

12

12

3

11

40
10
30

j

3

9 1 .5 0-10 9.0 0

1
26 1




10
10

7^*00

63
59

See footnotes at end of table,

60

78*00

40.0

CLA^o b

10

r

o-» ftft

1l r
86

40.0

NONMANUFACTURING

10

12
41

10

10

I?

CLA'’- A
'

23

15

10^

NO NMANUFACTURING

19

1 02 .50 -1 24 .50

7 4 .0 0 7 3 .0 0 -

160

$

170

180

and

MEN
NO NMANUFACTURING

$

8

t

%

130

and
under

Middle range2

51

6

20
1
15

3

1

i

8
8

170

180

over

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz., March 1970)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

1

Average
weekly
(standard)

55
M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

t
80

*
85

$
90

t
95

$
100

*

i
105

110

*
115

»
120

125

and

130

1A0

150

160

170

-

60

65

70

-

-

75

180

and
180 over

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

1

9
9

41
41

58
6
52
4

106
17
89

140
26
112
~

125
25
100
4

110
39
71
*

162
88
74
_

165
95
70
6

95
41
54
19

164
119
45
17

107
74
33
13

85
73
12
8

31
16
15
7

35
26
9
2

8
4
4
1

-

3

-

_

1
1

3
3

3
3

20
15
5

12
7
5

4
3
1

9
3
6

2
2

6
2
4

13
2
11

5
5

23
15
8

55
38
17

18
1
17

21
2
19

22
7
15

22
13
9

15
6
9

6
3
3

2
2
*

WOMEN - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES4 -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 --------------

1,443
651
792
81

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

$
121.00
130.50
113.00
136.50

$
$
$
119.00 1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
128.50 1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
109.50 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
133.50 1 2 6 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

~
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------

67
31
36

40.0
40.0
40.0

142.00
145.00
140.00

140.00
140.00
140.50

1 31 .50 -1 61 .00
1 35 .00 -1 51 .50
124 .00 -1 64 .00

-

-

*

SECRETARlESt CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

246
89
157

40.0
40.0
40.0

127.00
133.50
124.00

123.50
123.50
123.00

115 .00 -1 42 .00
1 20 .50 -1 52 .00
1 04 .00 -1 37 .00

*
_

*
-

47 0
192
278
46

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

123.50
137.00
114.00
131.50

120.50
138.00
113.00
130.50

1 07 .50 -1 38 .00
126 .50 -1 48 .00
103 .00 -1 25 .00
126 .50 -1 39 .00

_

“
_

-

SECRETARlESt CLASS C ------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------

-

-

-

-

SECRETARlESt CLASS D ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------N0NMANUF 8 C T U R I N G ----------------

66 0
339
321

39.5
40.0
39.5

114.50
124.50
104.00

114.50
122.50
104.00

1 01 .50 -1 24 .00
115 .50 -1 34 .00
9 5 .0 0-11 3.0 0

-

_
-

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N0NMANUF ' C T U R I N G ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------

366
87
279
76

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

97.00
104.50
94.50
102.00

96.00
103.00
93.50
100.00

87.0 0-10 4.5 0
98.5 0-11 0.0 0
84.5 0-10 2.0 0
9 2 .5 0-11 2.0 0

*

_
-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------

563
338
225

39.5
40.0
38.5

109.00
112.50
103.50

107.50
110.00
101.00

100 .50 -1 17 .50
1 04 .50 -1 18 .50
9 3 .0 0-11 1.0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --MA NUFACTURING --------------------

56
36

40.0
40.0

108.00
113.00

106.00
112.50

9 7.5 0-11 9.0 0
1 0 2 .00 -1 22 .50

_
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------ ---

133
128

41.5
41.5

82.50
82.00

83.50
83.50

7 8.0 07 7.0 0-

90.00
90.00

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-R EC EP TI ON IS TS
MANUFACTURING — -----------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------

141
54
87

39.5
39.5
39.5

94.00
91.50
95.50

92.00
92.00
92.00

8 6 .0 0 - 98.50
9 0 .0 0 - 94.00
84.0 0-11 1.5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

95
73

40.0
40.0

103.50
105.00

99.50
102.50

9 2 .0 0-11 8.0 0
9 2 .5 0-11 9.0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- --------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

392
172
220

40.0
40.0
39.5

86.50
94.00
80.50

84.00
93.50
80.50

7 8 .0 0 - 94.50
84.5 0-10 3.0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 85.00

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their
ars.
2
The mean is computed for eacn job by totaling the earnings of all wor
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range
the higher rate.
* Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include workers other than those presented separately.




1
1
-

1
-

-

4

_

-

4

•

3

-

_

2

15

27

-

-

2

15

27

-

ii

7

30

-

-

n

7

30

45
11
34

54
10
44
4

40
16
24

46
2
44
-

19
5
14
3

46
14
32
16

73
54
19
13

49
36
13
8

16
14
2
2

7
7
-

27
23
4

1
1

1
1

9
9

26
26

49
6
43

61
17
44

65
17
48

58
13
45

65
23
42

92
70
22

88
52
36

28
26
2

50
48
2

24
24
-

43
43
"

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

18
18
6

53
2
51
4

41
8
33
3

52
3
49
12

57
13
44
14

52
30
22
5

31
10
21
7

25
6
19
18

11
5
6
-

9
6
3

1
1
"

7
i
6
6

3
2
i
i

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

i
i

13
13

12
12

57
2
55

52
29
23

96
59
37

107
80
27

54
47
7

59
51
8

48
20
28

17
13
4

29
27
2

18
10
8

“

_
*

“

-

-

*

-

-

-

2

8
3

9
5

8
3

6
6

5
3

6
4

8
8

i
i

-

3
3

-

_
•

“

-

15
15

“

-

13
13

10
10

39
38

24
21

24
24

4
3

2
2

-

1
1

_
-

_

i
i

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
1
4

3
3

22
5
17

23
8
15

42
35
7

13

4
4
-

4
i
3

15
15

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

13

4
4

-

-

-

-

1

1

12
8

9
4

3
2

1
1

18
18

5
5

3
3

5
5

*
*

-

“

-

*

22
16

2

“

13
11

-

_
-

17
4
13

37
11
26

78
16
62

80
14
66

40
16
24

49
35
14

31
23
8

23
17
6

17
16
1

10
10

-

4
4

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

traight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regul ar and/or premium rates), and the earr ings cor re s pond
,
by the
by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers ear n less than the lower of these ates and a fourth earn more than

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz. , March 1970)
Weekly e a r n in g ^ ^ "^
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
[standard)

Numbe r of worker s receiving straight -time weekly earnings of —
s

%
Median2

$

$

*

i

$

t

S

*

*

*

$

$

t

$

$

»

*

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

2 20

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

22 0

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

over

18

90
M ean2

S

$

18

^9

1

2

3

1

3

3

15
14

12
8

8
8

10
39

and
under

Middle range2

100

ME*
76
55

COMPUTER OPERATORSt CLASS B

4 0.0

$
155.50
155.50

$
152.50
153.00

161
64

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A

40.0

X "0
119.50

126.50
119.50

$

$

1
1 44 .50 -1 62 .50

r5

1 08 .00 -1 27 .00

1
3

r9

5

5

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
164 .00 -2 09 .50
£8
33

^ 0* 0
40.0

191~*"()0 i ? 3 * r o
184.50 175.00

15
1

3

8

a

1
164 .00 -2 12 .50

.

11

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
Z75.00

268.00
272.00

2

2

39

27

24

2

1
1

1

2 5 5 .50 -2 82 .50

2

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
234.50
145
115

98
94

DRATTjMCN| CLASS C

77

^

2 1 7 .00 -2 52 .50

40.0

178.50
181.00

178.50
180.00

168 .00 1 71 .00 -

40.0
40.0
40.0

142.00
149.00
134.50

142.00
151.00
133.50

1 31 .00 152.50
192
1 4 0 .0 0 - 158.50
1 27 .50 -1 42 .50

40.0
40.0

120.00
128.00

120.00
128.00

1 11 .00 -1 31 .50
1 19 .50 -1 37 .50

190.50
193.50

1
1
;
:

8

**

8

ii

12
**

10

3

11

3

28

2
2

43
20
10

23
10

3

38
10

10

10
1

1

WOMEN
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

----

35

4 0.0

145.00

143.50

133 .00 -1 62 .50

-

-

3

5

4

7

1 Standard hours reflect the work week foi which employees receive their regula r straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regula r and/or premium rates) , and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms , see foe tnote 2 table A - 1.
3 Workers were distributed as follows: 1 at $290 to $ 300; 3 at $ 300 to $310; 2 at $310 to $ 320; and 3 at $ 320 and over.




10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, A riz. , March 1970)
Average

Occupation and industry division

W
eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W
eekly

o
f

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

$
83. 00
8*. 50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

*6

4 0. 0
40. 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS A -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

69
*3
26

* 0. 0 121. 50
4 0. 0 127. 00
*0. 0 112.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

77
53

40. 0
* 0. 0

60

99. 00
94. 00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

*20
90
330

39. 0 115. 00
* 0. 0 122. 50
39. 0 113. 00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------

736
18*
552
29

39. 5
95. 00
* 0. 0 103. 00
92. 50
39. 5
* 0 . 0 117. 00

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

118
32

86

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

102. 50
82. 50

CLERKS,

CLASS C --------------------------------

106
105

39. 5
39. 5

74. 50
74. 50

ORDER --------------------------------------------------

162
129

*0. 5 106. 50
4 0. 5 100. 50

FILE,

nonmanufact uring

CLERKS,

nonma nuf act uring

Average

Occupation and industry division

88.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

179

77

40. 0 103. 00
* 0. 0 106. 50
4 0. 0
97. 50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

63
59

4 0. 0
*0. 0

102

90. 50
90. 00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

178
9*
8*

4 0. 0 103. 00
* 0. 0 112. 50
92. 50
*0. 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------

*17
156
261

*0. 0
* 0. 0
* 0. 0

93. 00
98. 50
90. 00

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

49
31

SECRETARIES3------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S2 ---------------------------

1, **3

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

67
31
36

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2*6

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2---------------------------

*70
192
278

SECRETARIES,

CLASS D -------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

651
792
81

4 0. 0
*0. 0

$
80. 50
77. 00

40. 0 121.00
* 0 . 0 130. 50
39. 5 113. 00
4 0. 0 136. 50
*0. 0
* 0. 0
*0. 0

Weekly
hour, 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

*0.0
*0.0

86. 50
9*. 00
81. 00

CONTINUED

TYP ISTS , CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

397
172
225

39. 5

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1*2. 00
1*0. 00

1*5. 00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

82
61

* 0. 0 156. 00
* 0. 0 156. 50

* 0. 0 127. 00
*0. 0 133. 50
*0. 0 12*.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

18*
11*

* 0 . 0 126. 50
* 0.0 131. 00
* 0 . 0 119. 50

*6

* 0. 0 123. 50
* 0. 0 137. 00
39. 5 11*.00
*0. 0 131. 50

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING ■

660
339
321

39. 5 11*. 50
40. 0 12*. 50
39. 5 10*.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -

89
157

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------

366
87
279
76

39. 5
97. 00
* 0 . 0 10*. 50
39. 5
94. 50
*0. 0 102.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

563
338
225

39. 5 109. 00
*0. 0 112. 50
38. 5 103. 50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

56
36

* 0. 0 108. 00
4 0. 0 113. 00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

133
128

* 1. 5
* 1. 5

82. 50
82. 00

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTION IS TSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1*1
5*
87

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

9*. 00
91. 5 0
95. 50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

95
73

*0. 0 103. 50
4 0. 0 105. 00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------

70
76
36

*

*0

*0.0

18*. 00
187. 00
181. 00

*0.0

1*3. 50

0.0

*0.0

65
*9

* 0 . 0 266. 00
* 0 . 0 27*. 50

72

* 0.0

233. 00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

1*6

116

* 0 .0

181.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

205

1*1. 50
1*7. 50
13*. 50

* 0. 0 178. 50

9*

*0 .0
*0 . 0
*0.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ■
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

83
50
33

*0 .0 120.00
* 0.0 128. 00
* 0 . 0 107. 50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS

31

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

111

9*. 50
*0 .0

1* 6 . 0 0

* 0 . 0 1*5. 50

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.




11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r iz . , M a rc h 1970)

H
ourly earn gs *
in

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s

N ber
um
of
w
oikere

edian 2 M
M 2 M
ean
iddle range 2

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

52
37

$
3 .8 7
3 .8 4

$
3 .7 6
3 .7 6

$
3 .4 4 3 .4 6 -

$
4 .3 3
4 .2 8

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

244
197

4 .2 4
4 .1 4

4 .3 3
4 .2 5

4 .0 1 3 .9 4 -

Unde r

%
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

2 .5 0

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

s
2 .4 0

2 .6 0

-

-

$

S

2 .7 0

*
2 .8 0

.9 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

.0 0

-

-

A*
29

4 .1 3
4 .1 8

4 .2 8
4 .2 7

3 .8 9 3 .8 9 -

4 .5 2
4 .3 8

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A O E S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

107
49

2 .8 4
2 .6 7

2 .8 4
2 .7 2

2 .6 9 2 .5 1 -

3 .0 8
2 .7 8

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

167
163

4 .3 0
4 .3 1

4 .3 9
4 .3 9

4 .1 2 4 .1 3 -

*
2 .4 0

-

1

230
101
129
108

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

3 .7 6
3 .5 7
3 .9 1

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

.3 0

1

3 .3 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

S
3 .9 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4

20

t
4 .4 0

%
4 .6 0

*
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4

40

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

12
10

-

-

-

-

-

6
3

-

_

_

-

_

_

5
5

7
7

7

9

7

i

21
21

1

13
3

12
12
_

_

_

-

1

8

3

-

-

~

7

-

7

15

2

8

3
3

3
3

”

3

1

2

2
2

1

2
2

4 .5 0
4 .4 9

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U 8 L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------

-

10
10
1

3
-

*

_

-

_

3.9 6

-

4 .2 3
3 .7 4
4 .3 0
4 .3 1

268
255

3 .9 0
3 .9 1

4 .0 9
4 .0 9

3 .5 9 3 .6 0 -

4 .1 8
4 .1 7

-

O I L E R S ---------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

36
36

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

3 .3 5
3 .3 5

3 .1 6 3 .1 6 -

3 .5 3
3 .5 3

-

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

43
30

3 .7 2
3 .7 2

3 .6 3
3 .6 4

3 .4 3 3 .4 6 -

4 .1 8
4 .1 3

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

83
81

4 .2 0
4 .2 2

4 .1 9
4 .1 9

4 .1 1 4 .1 2 -

_

233
233

4 .3 9
4 .3 9

4 .4 9
4 .4 9

4 .1 0 4 .1 0 -

4 .8 1
4 .8 1

_

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

3

-

-

-

8
6

3

2

-

~

-

_

4
4

28
20

4 .3 8
4 .3 8

T O O L A N O D I E M A K E R S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

_

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s,
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, table A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




-

-

-

-

-

-

_

*

2
2

*

5

1

7

4

-

4

_

6
6

-

-

_

-

2
2

-

1
1

4

3
3

_

-

i

2

-

-

2

8
8

-

-

4

7
6

3

2
10
10

4

_

h o lid a y s ,

-

-

-

and late sh ifts .

_

-

_

2
2

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

8
8

7

1
1

13
13

i
i

"

42
42

60
60

13
13

69
26

3
3

13
13

13
5

-

_

36
36

34
34

63
63

16
14

-

2

”

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

62
2
60
60

i
-

1
1

3

28
28

13
13

5

-

3

109
109

_

2

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
10
14

5
4

48
47

34
34

1
1

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

12

1

8
8

_

1
1

_

5

9

-

-

-

5

4

-

_

_

_

8
8

2

*

-

26
15

-

10

1
1
-

_

16
16

_

1
1
-

_

52
22
30
30

-

2
-

9
8

3
3

8

3
3
3
3

2
7
7
6

1
1

“

20

_

_

2

3 .7 1
3 .5 9
3 .8 8
4 .2 2

.5
.3
.5
.5

of----

i
3 .5 0

t

and
under

4 .6 4
4 .3 9

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

:
3 .2 0

t
3 .4 0

4

3 .0 0

t
3 .1 0

-

2
z

*

_

11
10
2

24
24

_

“

-

_

-

"

13
13

30
30

23
23

15
15

_

3

14
14

31
31

46
46

35
35

3

-

_

_

-

*

62
62

_

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a rc h 1970)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 2

GUARDS

AND

WATCHMEN

----------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------G U AR D S :
MANUFAC TURING

624
191
433

$
1.7 0

t

1 .7 0

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

144
144

232

T J
T
Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range 3

1 .7 2

$
1 .7 7
3 .1 3
1 .7 3

$
1 .7 1 2 .2 7 1 .6 8 -

$
2 .1 9
3 .5 2
1 .7 8

$
2 .0 8
2 .9 1

S
1*60

$
1*60

1
2.0 0

$
2.1 0

1
2 .20

$
2 .3 0

$
2.4 0

t
2 .5 0

s
2.6 0

S
2.7 0

i

%

t

1 .8 0

t
1.9 0

2.8 0

2 .9 0

3 .00

$
»
3 . 10 3 . 2 0

*
3.3 0

*
3.4 0

$
3 .6 0

s
3.8 0

4.0 0

1.8 0

1.9 0

2.0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 30 2 . 4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2.8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 0

3 .10

3 .2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

4.0 0

over

232

52
27
25

-

5

23
10
13

14
9
5

1

13
13

1
-

4
2
2

3
3

6
6
“

9
9

14
13
1

8
8
~

13
12
1

51
51
“

16
15
1

“

13

8

12

51

15

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

_

~

“

~

~

and
under

-

157

3 .1 1

3 .2 9

2 .7 8 -

3 .5 4

1 .7 8
2 .4 9
1 .7 1

1 .6 6 2 .0 8 1 .6 4 -

2 .1 0
2 .6 7
1 .9 0

114

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

1 .9 1
2 .4 1
1 .7 6

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S
( W O M E N ) ----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

254
28
226

1 .8 9
2 .4 3
1 .8 2

1 .8 2
2 .5 1
1 .8 0

1 .7 4 -

1 .9 7

2 .1 4 1 .7 4 -

2 .5 8
1 .9 0

1 ,2 5 1
392
859

2 .7 2
2 .8 3
2 .6 8

2 .6 7
2 .9 3
2 .6 5

2 .3 6 2 .6 6 2 .1 7 -

3 .0 2
3 .0 3
2 .9 9

333
274

3 .0 2
3 .0 0

3 .2 3
3 .2 6

2 .6 7 2 .3 7 -

3 .5 3
3 .5 4

105

2 .8 5
2 .9 4

3 .0 3
3 .0 4

2 .5 7 2 .6 5 -

3 .0 7
3 .0 8

2 .7 8
2 .6 8
2 .8 3

2 .9 1
2 .6 3
2 .9 5

2 .5 3 2 .4 3 -

3 .0 4
2 .9 4

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

96
30
66

2 .6 1 -

3 .0 6

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

33
33

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

2 .5 7
2 .5 7

2 .1 5 2 .1 5 -

3 .0 7
3 .0 7

SH IPPING

53

3 .0 5

3 .1 2

3 .0 2 -

3 .5 4
3 .3 9

2
3
2
3

3
3
3
3

-------------------------------------------------

PORTERS,

R E C E IV IN G CLERKS
MANU FACTUR ING

AND

AND

CLEANERS

-------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------

RECEIVIN G

CLERKS

—

—

U T I L I T I E S 5-----------------------------------

2 ,2 7 9
625
1 ,6 5 4
686

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T (UND ER
1 -1 /2
T O N S ) -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

394
126
268

T R U C K D R I V E R S 4 --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------PUBLIC

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M ED I UM ( 1 - 1 / 2
TO
AND I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

.2
.3
.2
.8

7
4
4
3

3 .6 1
3 .9 1

2 .5 9
3 .0 9
2 .3 5

2 .6 5
3 .2 4
2 .6 1

3 .1 1
2 .8 4

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------

564
155
409
131

T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAVY (O V E R A T O N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------------------

822
681
379

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f tabli




.2
.8
.2
.9

.7
.2
.7
.6

7
1
2
7

-

.8
.8
.8
.9

3 .2 2

3 .2 1 1 .9 9 -

3 .2 7
2 .6 7

5
3
6
4

2 .8 1 2 .2 7 -

3 .7 2
3 .3 5

3 .2 1
3 .8 7

3
2
3
3

3 .2 2 3 .9 1 -

3 .9 1
3 .9 7

3 .5 8
3 .5 5
3 .8 3

3 .6 9
3 .6 8
3 .8 4

3 .5 8 3 .6 1 -

3 .9 1
3 .9 2

3 .6 5 -

3 .9 6

370

-

-

114

370

1

1

2

3

6

9

15
14
1

4

9
8
1

25
25
~

~

”

-

-

10

6

3

10

-

9

107
19
88

63
17
46

118
24
94

60
25
35

45
6
39

29
16
13

28
25
3

27
15
12

83
82
1

94
94

55

26
6
20

15

3
3

2
2

10
10

•

15

12
3
9

10

55

10

34
12
22

30
18
12

160
6
154

33
14
19

20
8
12

18
2
16

32
20
12

11
3
8

7
1
6

395
22
373

_

6
6

6
6

9
9

24
24

12
12

-

8
8

-

“

6
6

-

-

2
~

2

-

2

-

5
5

3
3

13
13

3
3

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
2
9

-

1

7
5
2

3
3
-

9
5
4

-

6
6

2
2

-

3
3

2
2

_

-

-

_

4

-

*
*
-

-

-

-

-

-

28

10

11

28

10

11
*

-

-

28

-

28
_

_

-

-

-

10
10

_
-

_

_

-

-

33
-

-

33

11

21

-

-

11

21

_

~

-

54
54

_

-

-

-

125
125

48
48

35
35

22
22

*

-

83
56
27
~

*

*

_
-

-

_

-

“
56
56
-

_

3
3
~

3
3

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4

54
52
2

136
131
5

24
17
7

4
2
2

74
45
29

9
9

145
11
134

26
19
7

34
8
26

-

-

36
~

21
11

2
“

72
72

6
4

90
87

16
10

1
1

3
3

2
2

1
1

-

57
57

-

-

ii
ii

-

-

*

8
2
6

1
1
-

6
4
2

23
3
20

10
10

1

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

4

23
23

2
1
9
6

2 .0 6 -

-

205
20
185

3 .2 2

3
3
3
3

11
10
1

-

-

97

4
3
1

-

_

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

5

6
-

_

OR D ER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

-

15
15

-

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

and

-

-

1 ,3 0 4
298
1 ,0 0 6

JANITORS,

%

-

4

1

-

2

13

7
7

138
12
126
•

138

-

49
40

4

12
3

138
*

“

48
17
31
~
12

u
10
1
*
11
10
1

*

7
7

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

“

-

124
124

14
12
2

_

-

9

4
“

9
9

_

_

_

-

-

“

12

40
40
-

_

_

-

-

4
4

16
1

_

-

-

120
120

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

*

-

6
5
1

10

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

14

12

2

1

-

-

-

314
103
211
4

80
68
12

67
61
6
3

498
80
418
265

546
163
383
383

53
2
51
30

3
3
“

103
103

12

-

-

1
1
1

208

8
8

3
3

-

-

1
-

9

i

10

-

-

_

_

-

-

12

-

208
4

-

20
20
-

_
-

-

_

~
3
3
3

40

-

_

30
10
20
15

125
17
108
108

”

303
303
180

253
169
169

53
51
30

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations----Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, Ariz., March 1970)

1
2
3
4
5

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




14
B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary fo r selected ca tegories
of inexperienced women office w ork ers, Phoenix, A riz., M arch 1970)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f —
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r i ng

B ase d on sta n d a rd
40

v e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f —
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d -----------------------------------------------------------

137

39

XXX

98

XXX

137

39

XXX

98

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m __________________

35

12

12

23

19

54

15

15

39

34

$ 6 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 _______________________________________
-------- ------------------ ------$ 6 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 —
_
$ 6 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------$ 7 0 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------- -----------------$ 7 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 ________________ _________ _
_ ____
$ 7 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 _______________________________________
$ 7 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 .0 0 _____ _______________ ______________
$ 8 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 . -- -- --------- ----- . . . . . . ____ _________ ___
$ 8 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 -------------------------------- -----------------$ 8 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 8 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 --------------- ---------- ------------- ----------$ 9 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 _________ _____ —
$ 9 2 . 5 0 and u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 9 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ________________________________ ____
$ 9 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------- _ —
— —
----- —
$ 1 0 0 .0 0 a n d o v e r — —

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
3
6
3
1
6
1
2
z

2
1
2
2
2

2
1
2
2
2

4
2
4
3
1
4
1
2
-

4
1
3
1
1
4
1
2
-

2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
1
1

1
8
3
6
4
3
3
2
2
-

-

2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
1
1

1
8
4
8
6
3
3
2
2
-

-

1
10
6
10
7
4
4
2
2
2
2
2
1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ------------------------

-

-

1
-

-

1

1
1

-

-

1

1
1

2

XXX

3

XXX

14

5

XXX

9

XXX

25

XXX

72

XXX

69

19

XXX

50

XXX

-

-

-

2
2
1

2
1

2

5

1

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
97

1 These salaries relate to form a lly established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
2 E xcludes w orkers in s u b clerica l jobs such as m essen ger or office girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on standard workweek reported.







Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(L a te-sh ift pay p rov ision s for m anufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount o f pay differen tial,
P hoenix, A riz . , M arch 1970)
(A ll plant w orkers in manufacturing - 100 percent)
P ercen t of m anufacturing plant w ork ers—
In establishm ents having p rov ision s 1
fo r late shifts

L a te-sh ift pay p rov ision

A ctually working on late shifts

Second shift

T otal____________

____________

______

__

T hird o r other
shift

Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

89. 3

38. 3

20. 4

9. 2

No pay differential for work on late s h ift---------

6. 0

2. 5

2. 2

0. 2

Pay d ifferential fo r w ork on late s h ift--------------

83. 3

75. 9

18. 2

8 .9

34. 1

17. 4

7. 9

1.4

3. 0
.9
4. 8

_

_

-

1. 0
3. 0
.9
5. 1
4. 5
.8
. 1

. 1
. 1
.2
( 2)
.9
(2)

2. 1

.2
.2
1. 2
1. 0
1. 2
(2)
2. 4
.5
1. 3
-

1. 2

Type and amount o f d ifferential:
U niform cents (per hour)_________________
5 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------6 c e n ts _________________________________
7 c e n ts ______ __________________________
7Vz cen ts___________________ __________
8 c e n ts ______ ~ ____ _______________
9 c e n ts _— ------------------------------------------10 cen ts_____ _________________________
12 cen ts________________________________
14 cen ts________________________________
15 cen ts------------------------------------------------18 cen ts. _ ________________ ________
20 cen ts_____ __ — __________________
25 cen ts--- ---- -------------- -----------------38 cents__ — ------- ----------------------

2. 8
6. 5
.8
8. 1
1. 5
6. 1
-

-

-

-

-

( 2)

-----------------------

38. 4

13. 1

8. 7

_______________

38. 4

13. 1

8. 7

1. 2

Full d ay's pay for reduced hou rs________

7. 0

35. 2

.8

5. 8

Full d ay's pay fo r reduced hours plus
cents differen tial-------------------------------------

2. 5

8. 8

.5

.4

Other form a l pay differen tial-------------------

1. 3

1. 3

.3

. 1

Uniform p ercen ta g e-------10 p ercen t____

____

1 Includes all plant w orkers in establishm ents currently operating, o r having form a l prov ision s coverin g late sh ifts, even
though the establishm ents w ere not cu rrently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0. 05 percen t.

16

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P ercent distribution of plant and o ffice w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours 1
of firs t-s h ift w ork ers, Phoenix, A r iz ., M arch 1970)
Plant workers

Office workers

Weekly hours
A ll industries 2

100
Under 37Vz h o u rs ---------------------------------------------3 7 V h o u rs _______________________ ____________
2
40 h o u rs _______________
_______ ___ ___ —
44 h ou rs ------------------------------------------------------------Over 44 and under 48 hours---------------------------48 h o u rs ____________________ -_______________ —
50 h o u rs ____________________________________ __

1
2
3
4
5

1
4
82
1
2
9
1

Manufacturing

Public u tilities1

100

100

3
97

94

All industries4

100

Manufacturing

100

100

1
99
-

_
99

1
-

-

-

-

6
-

6
90
(5)
1
(5)
(5)

Scheduled hours are the weekly hours which a m ajority of the fu ll-tim e w orkers w ere expected to w ork, whether they w ere paid fo r at straight-tim e or overtim e rates.
Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.




Public utilities 3

-

1
_

17

T a b l e B-4.

P aid H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r c h 1 97 0)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A l l in d u s t r ie s 1

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s ______ _________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ------------------------------- —— ----------- -----

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

100

100

99

100

100

6

-

-

-

-

3
3
2
1
30
13
1
29
2
5
4

_
1
11
20
3
46
5
7
8

7
3
58
32
-

-

-

*

*

(4 )

N u m b er of days
2 h o l id a y s _.
3 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
4 h o l i d a y s ___________________ _______ _
_ _ -_
_ _ 5 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s ______________ _______________________________
7 h o l i d a y s __________ ___ ____ _____ —
— —
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s --------------------- ------------------------------------ —
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ------- ----------------- — — ----------------11 h o l i d a y s ---- ---------------- - ----------- ---------------

(4 >
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
45
3
2
(4 )
27
3
8
8
3

(4 )
16
7
(4 )
~
38
8
17
13

4
2
89
"
5
-

-

T o t a l h o l id a y t i m e 5
11 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________ ________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ------- --------l l/ z d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------- -------5 d a y s o r m o r e ___ ____________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ----- -------------—
— — —
3 H ays o r m o r e
.

y

-

4
11
11
40
42
55
85
86
88
91
94

-

-

8
20
20
66
69
88
99
99
99
100
100

32
32
90
90
93
100
100
100
100
100

3
10
22
22
49
51
54
98
98
98
98
99

5
5
94
94
96
100
100
100
100
100

77

83
99
99
99
100
100

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , m a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s
a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o on . P r o p o r t i o n s th en w e r e c u m u la t e d .




-

-

13
38
38
76

i n c lu d e s

t h o s e w it h 9 f u l l d a y s

18

T a b l e B-5.

P aid V acations'

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P h o e n ix A r i z . , M a r c h 1970)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
93
6
-

99
90
9
“

100
90
10
-

99
99
1
~

99
99
1
~

100
97
3
~

1

1

-

( 5)

( 5)

2
23
2

3
35
4

_
71
3

1
48
6

_

_

45
7

89
1

6
61
32

9
35
56

8
47
45

1
13
86

25

( 5)

-

-

i
27
72
( 5)

4
31
3
47
15

3
16
5
42
33

8
10
7
75

( 5)
7

_

6

2
3

-

-

-

80
13

61
33

95

-

( 5)

-

-

( 5)

-

-

3
13
2
67
15

3
7
3
53
33
-

_

-

-

-

8
4
88

3

4

-

-

-

83
13
( 5)

62
33
1

2
98

-

-

-

8
4
88

3

4

-

-

83
13

62
33
1

M eth od o f p a ym en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -----------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t --------------------------------------------O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------

“

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6

A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

2
74
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ------------------------- --------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

( 5)

-

-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




3
13
( 5)
68
15
( 5)

3
7
-

56
33

-

( 5)

-

2
-

98
-

19

T a b l e B-5.

P aid V a c a t io n s 1
-----C o n t i n u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

_

_

_

_

_

9
47
36
8

8
4
68
20

i
77
14
9

1
51
33
15

2
95
3

_

_

_

_

5
3
15
73
3

2
5
6
4
83
-

1

2
3
96
-

-

*

1
6
92
1

_
5
3
15
73
3

_
8
92
-

-

-

_

_
2
5
63
29

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t in u e d

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------- --------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------- ----------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

i
10
( 5)
63
16
9

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ____________________ ____________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s - - ------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------- - - ----- -O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
8
2
26
( 5)
59
1
2

( 5)
22
76
( 5)
1

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k - __ __________ _ ____ — -----------------------------------_
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------- ---------4 w e e k s — --------------------------------------------------------------------

1
7
2
25
( 5)
59
1
2

_
1
( 5)
21
76
( 5)
1

1
6
92
1

_
2
1
97
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k ___ ________ ____________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------- ------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------—
— — -- --------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s — ------------------ -------------4 w e e k s __________ ______________________________________

1
5
4
25
55
1
8

( 5)

8
15
64
3
9

_
( 5)
( 5)

10
79
1
10

_
1
6
80
13

_
3
91
6

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----- ---------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k . ------------------------------------- ------------------------ ----------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------- --------------------------------3 w e e k s _— ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
5 w e e k s -------- --------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




1

_

5

( 5)

2

26

5
18

26

22

1

3
48

34
3

2

_
-

( 5)

2

( 5)

5
10
61
21

-

10

_
1
6

17

14

72

79

1

( 5)

_
.
3
6
89
2

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
---( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6---- C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -------- -------------------------------------------------------- ------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------ ---------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s ----- ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

i
5
2
25
1
25
1
30
7
1

_

_

_

_

( 5)
5
15
3
20
3
43
11

-

-

2
5

(!)
( 5)
10

-

-

-

10
31

16
59
1
13

14
63
16

( 5)

-

-

-

33
17

i
6

_
-

3
6
24
66
1

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k ____ _________________________ ____ _
_________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s - - ----- ------- ----------- -- -------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------ --------------------- ---------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
5
2
25
1
25
1
30
6
2

_

_

-

_

_

( 5)
5
15
3
20
3
43
8
3

-

(? )
( 5)
10
16

-

-

1
6

3

-

-

14
63
9
7

6
24
66
1

1
5
2
25
1
25
1
30
6
2

1
6
14
63
9
7

-

( 5)
5
15
3
20
3
43
8
3

2
5
-

10
31
33
17

-

59
11
3

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k __________________________ ____ ____________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------5 w e e k s ------------------- *------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ------------------- ---------------------------------------------

-

2
5
10
31
33
17

(? )
( 5)
10
16
59
10
3
1

-

3
6
24
66
1

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , and t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s t o w o r k e r s
w ith q u a l if y i n g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y and d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r rt io r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r c h 1 97 0)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit and
fi n a n c in g 1

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------

A l l i n d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

-----------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g at
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w --------------------

95

100

100

99

100

100

L ife i n s u r a n c e ------------ ---------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------------- ----------------A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------- -----------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5-------------- -------------- ----------

93
56

98
57

96
79

98
42

99
42

99
79

82
50

94
56

87
40

92
33

97
43

96
10

75

86

92

90

89

99

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ----------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ___ ______________
S ic k l e a v e (f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) --------------------------- -------- S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------------

52
26

79
40

38
38

48
18

83
31

7
6

35

48

42

60

53

27

18

9

32

15

3

67

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ----- _____
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------- -------- ----------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------- — — ------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -----------------------------------M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s --------- ----- — -------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ---------- -------------- -------- ----N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ____
_ — --------

93
46
94
46
90
44
83
40
58
34

98
55
100
55
95
50
87
41
77
42

96
48
96
48
96
48
96
74
94
74

99
29
99
29
95
28
97
33
82
44

100
40
100
40
99
40
99
36
89
34

99
13
99
13
99
13
99
77
94
90

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
" N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n l y t h o s e p la n s fi n a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k l e a v e p la n s a r e li m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n an in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




22

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r c h 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------- -----------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
67
23
44

89
83
22
60

100
97
40
57

100
76
1
74

100
79
79

100
93
7
86

20

34

50

8

2

67

11

9

3

43

49

18

13
26
8
3
3
2
1
2
2

17
6
11
6
6
5
1
4

4
3

23
24

28
21

7

-

-

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

M eth od o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n 1
P a id t im e r a t e s -----------------------------------------------------------F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ----------------------------------------------S in g le r a t e --------------------------------------------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s -------------------------------------------------P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on a u to m a tic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g t h o f s e r v i c e ------------------------------------P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on m e rit
r e v i e w --------------------------------------------------------P r o g r e s s io n b a se d on a
c o m b in a t i o n o f le n g t h o f
s e r v i c e and m e r i t r e v i e w --------------------N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ------------------------------------------P a i d b y in c e n t i v e m e t h o d s - - - --------- ----------- ------------P i e c e r a t e - -- -- ------------------- ---------------------- - -I n d iv id u a l-----------------------------------------------------------G r o u p -------------------------------------------------------------------P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s -- - ----------------- ----- ----- I n d iv id u a l------------------------------------------------------------G r o u p - ----------------------------------------------------------------C o m m i s s i o n ------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

M e t h o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d

-

'

F re q u e n cy o f w age paym ent
W e e k l y ----------------------------------------------------------------------------B i w e e k ly -------------------------------------------------------------------------S e m im o n t h l y -----------------------------------------------------------------M o n t h l y --------------------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r f r e q u e n c y -----------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

69
21
10
-

90
8
2
-

29
53
17

37
28
34
1

F o r ja r d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n , s e e I n t r o d u c t io n .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




69
19
9
2

sh o w n

se p a r a te ly .

8
72
20
-

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area.
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
CLERK, FILE

BILLER, MACHINE
P repares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or e le ctro m atic typew riter. May also keep record s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
cle rica l work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs , m achine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:
B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish er, Burroughs, e tc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord ers, internally prepared o rd ers, shipping m em o­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n ecessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.
B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves t,he sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger record . The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
C lass A. Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rincip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper record s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing d escribed under b iller,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory con trol, etc. May check or assist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a com plete set of books or record s relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and exp eri­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may d irect class B accounting clerk s.
Class B. Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting iim ple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher reg isters; reconcilin g bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con tro lle d 'b y
general led gers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in o ffices in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




23

Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as correspon den ce, rep orts, technical docu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s . May lead a small group of low er level file clerk s.
C lass B. Sorts, cod es, and file s unclassified m aterial by sim ple ( subject matter) head­
ings ~oF~partly cla ssified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares sim ple related index and
cr o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. As requested, locates cle a rly identified m aterial in files and forw ards
m aterial.
May perform related cle rica l tasks required to maintain and service file s.
Class C. P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ssified or which
is ea sily cla ssified in a simple serial cla ssification system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
or num erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forw ards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s simple c le rica l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and service file s.
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu stom ers' ord ers fo r m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow ing: Quoting p rice s to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the ord er; checking p rices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receipt of ord ers from cu stom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original ord e rs.
CLERK,

PAYROLL

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production re co rd s; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing inform ation such as w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a Comptom eter to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which may involve f r e ­
quent use of a Comptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to perform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a num erical a n d /or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating ca rd s. P erform s same
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, fo r exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts inform ation from several docum ents; and searches fo r and
interprets inform ation on the document to determ ine inform ation to be punched. May train
inexperienced op erators.

24
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
tra n scrib es data from source documents to punched ca rd s. Operates a num erical a nd/or
alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source docum ents, follow s specified sequences which have
been coded or p rescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. P roblem s arising from erroneous item s or cod es, m issing inform ation,
e tc., are referred to supervisor.

SECRETARY— Continued
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e .g ., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p erson s.
Class C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m a ilers, opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le rica l work.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as personal secreta ry, norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y-to-d ay work activities of the supervisor. Works fa irly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erform s varied cle rica l
and secreta rial duties, usually including m ost of the follow ing: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
personal ca lle rs, and incoming m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons: (b) establishes, maintains, and rev ises the su p ervisor's file s ; (c) maintains
the s u p ervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) review s corresp on den ce, memoranda, and reports prepared by others
for the su p ervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accu racy; and (f) p erform s
stenographic and typing work.
May also perform other cle rica l and secreta rial tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions

.Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta ry " p ossess the above ch a ra cteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follow s: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "p erson a l” secreta ry concept d escrib ed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of p rofessional, technical,
or m anagerial persons; (d) secreta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com plex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized cle rica l duties which are not typical of secreta rial work.
NOTE: The term "corp ora te o f fi c e r ," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officia ls who have a significant corporate-w id e policymaking role with regard to m ajor
company activities. The title "v ice p resid en t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to act p er­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g ., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
adm inister individual trust accounts; d irectly supervise a c le rica l staff) are not considered to be
"corp ora te o ffice rs " for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. S ecretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p ers on s ; or
b. Secretary to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000 p e rso n s; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segment or subsidiary of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 25, 000 p erson s.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
all, fewer than 100 p ers on s ; or
b. S ecretary to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
c. S ecretary to the head (im m ediately below the o ffice r level) over either a m ajor
cor po rate-w ide functional activity (e .g ., m arketing, resea rch , operations, industrial re la tions. etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em p loy ees; or




a. S ecretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the s p e cific level situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at least several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in oth ers, only one or two; or
b. S ecretary to the head of an individual plant, fa ctory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5, 000 p e rso n s.
Class D
a. S ecretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); j3r
b. S ecretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, profession a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffice r, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than se cre ta rie s as d escrib ed above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary from one or m ore
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple re c o rd s, or perform other relatively
routine c le rica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribin gmachine work. (See transcribing-m achine o p e ra to r.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim ary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b riefs or reports on scientific resea rch from one or m ore persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep re co rd s, etc.
OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and resp on si­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and a ccu ra cy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, p o licie s, p roced u res, file s,
workflow , etc. Uses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and responsible cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assem bling m aterial for rep orts, m emorandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing sim ple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-m achine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or o ffice ca lls. P e rfo rm s full telephone inform ation se rv ice or handles
com plex ca lls, such as con feren ce, co lle ct, ove rse a s, or sim ilar ca lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as d escrib ed for switchboard op erator, cla ss B, or as a full-tim e
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ice occu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for ca lls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls. May handle routine long distance ca lls and record tolls.
May p erform lim ited telephone inform ation serv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation service
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent se rvice d are readily understandable for telephone
inform ation purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are re fe rre d to another operator.)

25
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

In addition to p erform ing duties of operator on a sin gle-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular
duties. This typing or cle rica l work may take the m ajor part of this w ork er's time while at
switchboard.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
so rte r, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. May include sim ple
wiring from diagram s and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting m achines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, in terpreter, colla tor, and others.
P erform s com plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and p erform s difficult
wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a m ore experienced op erator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagram s and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors perform ing tabulating-machine operations and d ay-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine op erators.
Class B. Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrica l accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, rep rod u cer, and collator. This work is
perform ed under sp ecific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting e x e r cis e , a com plete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the p ro ­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the machine.

PROFESSIONAL

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple cle rica l work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
b riefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after ca lcu la ­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, mats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials fo r use in duplicating p ro ce s s e s. May do cle rica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re co rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for co rre ct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B . P erform s one or m ore of the follow ing: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o licie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

TECHNICAL

COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

M onitors and operates the con trol console of a digital com puter to p ro ce ss data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a program er. Work includes m ost of the follow ing:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape reels, ca rd s, etc.); switches necessary auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; makes adjustments to com puter to co r re ct operating problem s and m eet
special conditions; review s e rr o rs made during operation and determ ines cause or refers problem
to sup ervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating record s. May test and a ssist in correctin g
program .

Converts statements of business p roblem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
processin g equipment. Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the p recise
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired results. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, logic em ployed by com puters, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be program ed. Develops sequence
of program steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show ord er in which data w ill be p rocessed ;
converts these charts to coded instructions fo r machine to follow ; tests and c o r re cts program s;
prepares instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating e fficien cy or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains record s of
program developm ent and revisions. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p r o ­
graming should be cla ssifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

For wage study purposes, com puter operators are cla ssified as follow s:
Class A . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics: New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critica l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s may not be available. May give
direction and guidance to low er level operators.
Class B. Operates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
program s with m ost of the following ch a ra cteristics: Most of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring basis; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e rr o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes correctiv e action. This usually involves applying p reviou sly p ro ­
gram ed co rre ctiv e steps, or using standard correctio n techniques.

Does not include em ployees prim arily responsible fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g ( EDP) em ployees, o r p rogram ers prim arily concerned with
scien tific a n d /or engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes, p rogram ers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Class A . Works independently or under only general d irection on com plex problem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra ctices. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of desired results, m ajor p rocessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

OR
Operates under d irect supervision a computer running program s or segments of program s
with the ch aracteristics d escribed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations p erform ed.
Class C . Works on routine program s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine program s. Usually has received some form al training in com puter operation.
May a ssist higher level operator on com plex program s.




At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processin g actions must occu r. This requires
such actions as development of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to low er level p rogra m ers who are assigned to assist.

26
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p rogra m s, or on sim ple segments of com plex p rogra m s. P rog ra m s (or segments) usually
p rocess inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous record s may be
p rocessed , the data have been refined in p rior actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. T ypically, the program deals with
routine record-keepin g type operations.
OR
Works on com plex program s (as d escrib ed for cla ss A) under clo se direction of a higher
level program er or sup ervisor. May a ssist higher level program er by independently p e r ­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and p erform ing m ore difficult tasks under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er level p rog ra m ers.

OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data processin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
class A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and receiv es instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is reviewed for a ccu ra cy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system .
Class C. Works under imm ediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedu res and skills required fo r system s analysis work. F or example,
may assist a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by p rogram ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN

Class C. Makes pra ctica l applications of program ing p ra ctices and concepts usually
learned in form al training cou rses. Assignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced u res to routine problem s. R eceives clo se supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed to verify its a ccu ra cy and conform ance with
required p rocedu res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes business problem s to form ulate procedu res for solving them by use of electronic
data p rocessin g equipment. Develops a com plete d escription of all specifications needed to enable
p rogram ers to prepare required digital com puter p rogram s. Work involves m ost of the follow ing:
Analyzes su bject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and crite ria required
to achieve satisfactory results; s p ecifies number and types of re co rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the developm ent of test problem s and participates in trial runs of
new and revised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p rocessin g (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes,

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or wholesale establishm ent.) C onfers with persons concerned to determine
the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g system s to be applied.

system s analysts are cla ssifie d as follow s:

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of d iverse sources
of input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically p rocessed through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the com puter.) Confers with persons co n ­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessin g problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new or revised system s of data p rocessin g operations. Makes re c o m ­
mendations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining Equipment.
May provide functional direction to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to
assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general d irection on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are clo se ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

MAINTENANCE

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of sup ervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator fo r con sistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either prepare drawings, or d irect their preparation by low er level draftsm en.
Class B. P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: P rep a res working drawings of subassem blies with irregu la r shapes,
multiple functions, and p re cis e positional relationships between com ponents; prepares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. Uses accepted form ulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
s tre ss e s, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked fo r technical adequacy.
Class C. P rep a res detail drawings of single units or parts fo r engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric p rojection s
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and sectional views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are less com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work may be spot-ch ecked during p ro g re ss.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring clo se delineation.)
a nd/or
P rep ares sim ple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s. Work is clo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss.
NURSE,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing se rv ice under general m edical d irection to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who b ecom e ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
fa ctory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing; Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em p loyees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports fo r com pensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel.

D PQWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P e rfo rm s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins-r cr ib s , counters, benches, partitions, doors, flo o rs , stairs,
casin gs, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions using a variety

of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary
fo r the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erform s a variety of electrica l trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e le ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrica l equipment such as generators, tra n sform ers, switchboards, co n tro lle rs, circuit break­
e rs , m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrica l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or electrica l equipment; and using a variety of ele ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electricia n requires rounded tra in ­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with power,
heat, refrig era tion , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re s so rs , generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b oilers and b o ile r -fe d water pumps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
p ervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing b o ilerroom equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an by holding m aterials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such as jig b o re rs ,
cylin drical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; p rocessin g items requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of a ccu ra cy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feed s,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite toleran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d re s s ­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F or c r o s s ­
industry wage study p urposes, m achine-tool op erators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and p recision m easuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of w ork, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the com m on m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R epairs autom obiles, buses, m otortrucks, and tra ctors of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d r ills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing




MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves most
of the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n ecessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stre ss e s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed red ucers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L ubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing surfaces
equipment of an establishment.

of m echanical

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodw ork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work in­
volves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs , o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to co rre ct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu re s, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation ot vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m ber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab rica tes, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lo ck e rs, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, ox other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of

28
SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE--- Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER--- Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal a rticles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and p recision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of com m on m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p rescrib ed toleran ces and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro ce s s e s. In general, the tool and die m aker’ s work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

F or cro ss-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P erform s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
o rd er, using arm s or fo rce where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an ord erly condition factory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercia l or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance se rv ice s ; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A w orker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing; Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

FILLER

(Order picker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu stom ers’ ord e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating items filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing ord e rs, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to sup ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P repares m erchandise for shipment, or receiv es and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping re co rd s. May direct or assist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving work in volves: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other re co rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n e ce s­
sary record s and files.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishments and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make m inor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv er-salesm en and
over-the - road drivers are excluded.
F or wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra iler capacity.)
T ruckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckd river, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ckd river, medium ( lv 2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type)
T ru ckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P repares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the follow ing; Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in ord er to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using ex celsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P ackers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasolin e- or electric-p o w e re d truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ssified by type of truck, as follows:
T ru cker, power (forklift)
T ru cker, power (other than forklift)

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a g e and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the Su pe rin te n de n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1969 1----------------------------------------------------A lb any— c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970-----------------S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1___ __________— ___
A lle n to w n — e thle h e rrm E as to n, P a . —N .J ., M a y 1969-----B
A tla nta, G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1969________________________________
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1_____
P
B in gh a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970------------------------------------------B o i s e C ity, Idaho, N o v . 1969_____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1969________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O ct. 1969___________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t . , M a r . 1970____ ___ ___ ___ ___ __________ _
Cant on, O h io , M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________
C h a r le s t o n , W. V a . , A p r 1970 1 --------------------------------------C h a r lo tt e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
Ch atta n o o ga , Ten n.—G a . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _________________________________
Cin cin n a ti, O h io — y.—I n d . , F e b . 1970----------------------------K
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1969---------- ------------------ —-------- ——
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1969-----------------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x . , O ct . 1969___________________________________
D a v e n p o r t - R o c k I s l a n d - M o l i n e , Iowa—
111.,
O ct . 1969 1______________________________________ - __________
D ayto n, O h i o , D e c . 1969___________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1------------------------------------------------D es M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969_____________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , F e b . 1970______________________ _________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O ct . 1969--------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y, W i s ., J u ly 1 9 6 9 ------ ____________
———
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1--------------------------------------------H o u s to n , T e x . , A p r . 1970-------------------------------------------------In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O ct . 1969---------------------- ---------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. .1970___________ _____________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969____________________________
K a n s a s Cit y, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1969-------------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N .H ., June 1 9 6 9 ---------------H
L it tle R o c k - N o r t h L ittle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1969---------- L o s A n g e l e s —Lon g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970--------------------- ------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y.—Ind., N o v. 1969 1------------------ -------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1 ----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1969--------------------------------------------M e m p h i s , Ten n.—A r k . , N o v. 1969 1_______________________
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1969___________________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1--------------------------M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1970 1------------------------


D ata on establishm ent


B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-89,
35 ce n ts
1660-51,
30 ce n ts
1 6 6 0 - 5 5 , 35 c e n ts
1625-86,
30 c e n ts
1625-77,
35 ce n ts
1660-11,
35 c e n ts
1625-75,
35 ce n ts
1660-5,
30 c e n ts
1660-57,
30 ce n ts
1660-34,
25 ce n ts
1660-16,
45 c e n ts
1660-29,
45 ce n ts
1660-53,
25 ce n ts
1625-73,
30 ce n ts
1660-68,
35 ce n ts
1660-61,
40 ce n ts
1660-9,
30 c e n ts
1625-82,
65 ce n ts
1660-49,
35 cen ts
1 6 6 0 - 2 2 , 40 ce n ts
1660-27,
30 c e n ts
1660-23,
35 c e n ts
1 6 6 0 - 2 0 , 35 ce n ts
1660-37,
30 ce n ts
1660-41,
40 ce n ts
1625-62,
30 ce n ts
1660-58,
35 cen ts
1660-18,
30 ce n ts
1660-8,
30 c e n t s
1625-70,
35 ce n ts
1660-67,
35 ce n ts
1660-25,
30 ce n ts
1660-39,
30 ce n ts
1660-35,
30 cen ts
1660-10,
35 ce n ts
1625-79,
30 ce n ts
1660-2,
30 c e n ts
1660-64,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

45 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
50 c e n ts

p ractices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1______________
New H av e n , C o n n ., Jan. 1 9 7 0 1----------------------------------------New O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1970_____________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t New s—
P
H am pto n , V a . , Jan. 1970 1_______________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O k l a . , J u ly 1969 1________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa, Sept. 1969---------------------------------------P a t e r s o n — lif t o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y 1969_____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , Nov. 1969 1______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1 9 7 0 1_______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1969 1__________________________ _
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1969_______________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R.I.—M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 1970___________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969---------------------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
J u ly 1969_________________ - ________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1970------------------------------------------Salt Lake C it y , Utah, Nov. 1969 1_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1970---------------------------------------------San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
D e c . 1 9 6 9 __________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 9 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O ct . 1 9 6 9 * ____________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1969 1_____________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1969________________ __________________
S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1969---------------------------------------------------Sea ttle — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1970_______________________
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k., Sept. 1969_________________________
South B e n d, Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________
S p o kan e , W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 _________________________ ______
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1969------------—______________ ._______
Tampar-St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1_____ - ________
T o l e d o , O h io — i c h . , F e b . 1970___________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1969--------------------------------------------------Utica ^-R om e, N . Y ., J u ly 1969-------------------------------------------W a s h in g t o n , D .C .—M d.—V a . , Sept. 1969 1________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 0 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Jan. 1970________________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1969-------------------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 970 1-------------------------- ----------------------------Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N ov. 1 9 6 9 1_________________
W

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1660-47,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
60 ce n ts

1660-59,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1660-70,
1660-60,
1660-26,
1625-76,

35 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
60 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

1660-72,
1660-6,
1625-69,

30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 ce n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1660-66,
1660-30,
1660-71,

30 c e n t s
30 ce n ts
40 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1660-62,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1660-56,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1660-19,
1660-54,
1660-45,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1660-63,
1660-38,

30 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
50 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
35 ce n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BU RE AU OF LA BOR S TA TI STI CS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
I-----------------------------------------------------------------

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102