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Area Wage Survey

The Toledo, Ohio Michigan, Metropolitan Area
February 1970

B u lle tin




1 6 6 0 -5 6

U S DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

Region I
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
Government Center
New York, N. Y. 10001
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 Mayflower Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
411 North Akard St.
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516(Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678(Area Code 415)

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Area Wage Survey
The Toledo, Ohio—
Michigan, Metropolitan Area




February 1970

Bulletin 1660-56
June 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BU REA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




P r e fa c e

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r jeach
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u str y d iv is io n s.

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T ab les;
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ________
In dexes of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s bien n ially.

A p p e n d i x . O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ™ —_________ —_______________________

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y in
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , in F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t ­
M
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L u c a s a n d W ood
C o u n t ie s , O h io; and M o n r o e C ounty, M ich . T h is stu d y w a s
c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111.,
u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f W o o d r o w C. L i n n , A s s i s t a n t
R egion al D ir e c to r for O p eratio n s.

areas.

NOTE;
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le
(See in sid e b ack co v er.)

fo r other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s
in t h e T o l e d o a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n ­
str u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and
m o to rtru c k d r i v e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

4
5
7

O

A. O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s ;
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n __________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d
m
w o m e n _________________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffice, p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o ccu p atio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

2

00 O

At th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b u lletin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n fo r m a t io n w hich h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n i t e d S t a t e s .




3

1

12




Area Wage Survey---The Toledo, Ohio—Mich., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in dividual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h t h e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an ufactu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er public u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s




p o ssib ility

of

d i s c l o s u r e of

The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t co m p o site, areaw ide e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s w ith in
in d ivid u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under con tract with the New York
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice o cc u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition , the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public C ontracts Divisions of the U .S . D e­
partm ent of Labor.

is

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w ­
a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W here w ee k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

Th e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e f o l ­
lo w i n g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s
w it h in the s a m e j o b .
The o ccu p ation s s e le c te d fo r study a r e lis te d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x .
The e a r n in g s d a ta fo llow in g the jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

there

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e of the s t u d y a n d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e of the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E sta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bulletin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th e se tab u latio n s is c o lle cte d b iennially.
StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s for in e x p erien ced
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w ee k ly h o u r s ; paid
h o lid a y s; paid v a c a t io n s ; and h ea lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .
1

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d In T o le d o , O h io— ic h . , 1
M
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv is io n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1970
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y *

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

S tu d ie d
N um ber

S tu d ie d
P ercen t

442

144

114, 6 2 3

100

7 7 , 277

50
-

207
235

71
73

72, 900
41, 723

64
36

54, 558
22, 719

50
50
50
50
50

44
35
84
26
46

21
10
21

9,
5,
17,
4,
5,

A ll d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5-------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6--------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ----------------------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6--------S e r v i c e s 6 7---------------------------------------------------

N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

7
14

253
354
509
090
517

8
5
15
3
5

7,
1,
9,
1,
2,

649
700
285
830
255

1 T h e T o le d o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L u c a s a n d W ood
C o u n t ie s , O h io , a n d M o n r o e C o u n ty , M ic h .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n
o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n
w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t
d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t
s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A l m o s t t w o - t h ir d s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e T o le d o a r e a w e re
e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s an d
s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ------- 25
S to n e , c l a y , a n d g l a s s
p r o d u c t s -------------------------------- 19
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 10
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -----8
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ------8
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s -----7
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d
s u p p l i e s --------------------------------5

M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t _______________________ 24
G la s s an d g la s s w a r e ,
p r e s s e d o r b l o w n ------------------ 9
F l a t g l a s s -------------------------------- 7
N o n f e r r o u s f o u n d r i e s --------------- 5

T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e ; o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P : •o p o r tio n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in a vera g e s a la r ie s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings of selected plant w o r k e r groups. The indexes
are a m e a s u re of wages at a given tim e, exp re s s e d as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 fr o m the index yield s
the percentage change in wages f r o m the base period to the date o f the
index. The p ercen tages of change o r in c r e a s e re la te to wage changes
between the indicated dates. These estim ates are m ea su res of change
in a vera ges fo r the area; they are not intended to m easu re average
pay changes in the establishments in the area.

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regu la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s for the norm al workweek,
exclu sive of earnings for o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o rk e r groups, they
m easu re changes in a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
prem ium pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
The percentages a r e based on data fo r selected key o c c u ­
pations and include m ost of the n u m e ric a lly important jobs within
each group.

Lim itation s of Data
Method of Computing
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easu res of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , a re influenced by:
(1) gen eral s a la r y and
wage changes, (2) m e r i t or other in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
vidual w o r k e r s while in the same job, and (3) changes in a v e ra g e
wages due to changes in the labor f o r c e resulting fr o m labor turn­
o v e r , f o r c e expansions, f o r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o rk e rs em ployed by establishments with differen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor f o r c e can cause in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the
occupational a v e r a g e s without actual wage changes.
It is conceivable
that even though a ll establishments in an a rea gave wage in crea ses,
a v e r a g e wages m ay have declin ed because lo w e r-p a y in g establishments
entered the a rea o r expanded their w o rk fo r c e s .
S im ila rly , wages
m ay have rem ained r e la t iv e ly constant, yet the av e ra g e s f o r an area
m ay have ris e n c o n sid era b ly because h ig her-payin g establishments
entered the a rea.

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate e m ­
ployment in the occupational group. The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation w e r e m ultiplied by the occupational weight, and the
products fo r all occupations in the group w e r e totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive y e a r s w e re related by dividing the aggregate for
the later ye a r by the a ggregate fo r the e a r l i e r y e a r.
The resultant
r e la tiv e , le s s 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base ye a r r e la tiv e (100) by the r ela tive
fo r the next succeeding y e a r and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y e a r 's r e la tiv e by the previous y e a r 's index. A v e r a g e earnings
fo r the fo llow ing occupations w e r e used in computing the wage trends:
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographer, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die make is
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, m aterial handling




The use of constant em ployment weights elim in ates the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change r e fle c t only changes
in a v e r a g e pay for s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard w o rk schedules, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .
Where n ecessa ry , data w e r e adjusted to r e m o v e fr o m
the indexes and percentages of change any significant e ffe c t caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

3

4

Table 2. Indexes of Standard W eek ly S alaries and S tr a ig h t - T im e Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , F e b r u a r y 1970 and F e b r u a r y 1969, and P e r c e n ts of C h a n g e 1 f o r Sele cted P e r io d s
A l l industries
O ffic e
c le rica l
(m en and
women)

P erio d

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

O ffic e
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

Indexes ( F e b r u a r y 1967=100)
F ebruary 1970____________________________
F ebruary 1969--------------------------------- -

119. 6
112. 5

122. 5
115. 5

123. 4
117.2

119. 1
114. 0

119. 3
112. 4

122. 0
115. 5

124. 9
118. 4

121.7
114. 1

150. 2
123. 0

145. 4
116. 4

144. 4
1 18. 7

5. 7
8. 0
6. 9
7. 0
5. 0
2. 3
.5
4. 4
2. 0

5. 5
9. 5
8. 2
4. 1
4. 0
1. 1
2. 4
2. 0
1.9

6. 6
7. 1
6. 6
5. 8
3. 1
.4
2. 4
3. 5
2. 2

Indexes (M a r c h 1961 = 100)
F ebruary 1970____________________
F ebruary 1967______ ___________________

.

141. 3
118. 2

153. 0
124. 9

144. 7
117. 2

140. 9
118. 2

141. 0
118. 2

P e r c e n ts of change 1
F eb ru a ry 1969
F ebruary 1968
F ebru ary 1967
F ebru ary 1966
F ebruary 1965
F ebru ary 1964
F ebru ary 1963
M a rc h 1962 to
M a rc h 1961 to

to F e b r u a r y 1970--------to F e b r u a r y 1969--------to F e b r u a r y 1968_______
to F e b r u a r y 1967 --------to F e b r u a r y 1966_______
to F e b r u a r y 1965--------to F e b r u a r y 1964_____ _
F e b r u a r y 1963-------------M a rc h 1962 ______________

6. 3
6. 1
6. 1
6. 3
3. 3
1.4
1. 8
1.9
2. 3

6. 0
8. 0
6. 9
6. 5
5. 5
2. 8
1.4
4. 5
2. 0

1 A l l changes are i n c r e a s e s unless o th erw ise indicated.
2 This d e c r e a s e l a r g e l y r e fle c t s changes in em ploym ent




5.
8.
7.
4.
3.
1.
2.
2.
2.

3
7
8
2
9
2
3
3
3

between

4. 5
8. 0
5. 5
5. 8
4. 6
2 .3
2. 2
2. 7
2. 2

high- and lo w -w a g e

6. 1
6. 1
5. 9
6. 9
3. 0
1.4
2. 2
1. 6
2. 0

establishm ents

rather

than wage

NOTE:
P r e v i o u s l y published indexes fo r the T o led o a r e a used M arch 1961 as the base period.
They can be con verted to the new base period by dividing them by the correspon din g index numbers for
F e b r u a r y 1967 on the M arch 1961 base p eriod as shown in the table. (T h e resu lt should be multiplied
by 100.)

d e c re a s e s .

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv i si o n , T o l e d o , Ohio— i ch ., F e b r u a r y 1970)
M
W e e k l y e a ^ n i n g ^ ™ ,,™
(standard)
N um ber

S ex , o cc up a tio n, and i n d u s tr y d iv i si o n

of
woikeis

$

A ve rag e
w eekly
h ou rs 1
' s tan dar d)

60
M ean 2

M edian2

Middle r an ge2

6 5

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y e a r n i n g s of—
t
$
t
$
t
»
$
$
*
t
*
t

*

t

S

7 0

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

$

t
160

170

t
180

t
190

and
under
65

200

ana
70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

3
3

2

14

2

12

6
6
i
i

160

170

180

190

200

9

13

20

8

12

20

24

7

1

22

6

13
13

4
4

8
8

_

10

8
4

4
3

10
10

~

*

o v er

HEN
$

$

$

$

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------

9 3

4 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 4 5 . 5 0 - 1 7 3 . 5 0

86

4 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 4 7 .0 0 - 1 7 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

4 9

4 0 . 0

1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0 - 1 7 3 .0 0

39

4 0 .0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 3 2 .5 0 - 1 5 7 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

33

3 9 .5

1 4 8 .5 0

1 5 5 .5 0

1 3 8 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 .0 0

28

3 9 .5

1 5 1 .5 0

1 5 7 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0 - 1 6 1 .5 0

65

3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0

9 5 .5 0

7 8 . 0 0 - 1 1 1 . 0 0

35

3 9 .0

9 3 .0 0

9 5 .5 0

7 8 . 0 0 -

30

3 9 .0

9 7 .5 0

9 7 .5 0

7 8 . 0 0 - 1 2 2 . 5 0

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

9 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

*

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1

_

_

_
"

_

1
_

11

4

6

5

-

3

6

4

3
~

2

2
1

5
3

_

_

_

_

9

1

“

-

1

1
1

6
5

-

11

3

3

11

1
2

1
2

3
2
1

2
1

7

1

-

*

1

-

-

9
9

~

5
5

-

_

“

1

-

_

_

-

-

-

13
3
10

W EN
OM
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BIL LING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

4 0

4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0

9 0 . 0 0 - 1 1 8 . 0 0

25

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

9 0 . 5 0 - 1 2 2 . 5 0

5 3

4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0

35

3 9 .5

1 2 2 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0

_

1 0 5 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 . 0 0

_

3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0

9 1 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 1 5 . 0 0

58

3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0

9 9 .5 0

8 8 .0 0 - 1 2 6 . 5 0

-

3

8 4

3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0

8 8 .5 0

8 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 2 . 0 0

-

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

18 3

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 7 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0

-

_

112

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0

1 1 9 . 0 0 - 1 5 8 . 5 0

-

71

4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 7 . 5 0 - 1 2 9 . 0 0

“

“

3 1 5

3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0

8 8 . 0 0 - 1 2 4 . 5 0

-

2

172

4 0 . 0

1 1 3 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0

9 7 . 5 0 - 1 3 2 . 0 0

-

2

1 4 3

3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0

9 2 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 6 . 0 0

-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1 1 4

3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0

8 9 .0 0

8 0 . 0 0 - 1 1 5 . 5 0

_

-

32

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0

8 2 . 0 0 - 1 2 3 . 5 0

-

-

82

3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0

8 6 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 - 1 0 2 . 0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1 1 3

3 9 .0

7 8 .0 0

7 7 .0 0

7 2 . 5 0 -

8 4 .0 0

_

9 7

3 8 .5

7 7 .5 0

7 6 .5 0

7 2 . 0 0 -

8 3 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 4 4

3 9 .5

1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 3 2 . 0 0

-

10 8

4 0 . 0

1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0

8 4 . 0 0 - 1 3 1 . 5 0

166

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0

9 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 2 . 0 0

-

1 2 0

3 9 .5

1 1 0 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 - 1 3 1 . 0 0

4 6

4 0 . 0

1 0 5 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0

9 3 . 5 0 - 1 1 4 . 0 0

6 2

3 9 .5

1 0 3 .5 0

9 8 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 2 3 . 0 0

33

3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0

9 6 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 . 5 0

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




“

4

_

-

20
4

27
14

16
4

5
5

16

13

12

“

2

2
2

4
4

2
2

18

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

7
2

18

*

3

2
1

~

~

142

5
5

2

~

-

15

41
7

18
10

34

3
2
1

7
7

5
2

1
1

14
5
9

12
3
9

14
3

9

8

17
8
9

12
20

9

6

6

2
7

1
5

11

5
4

9
7

7
3
4

17
9
8

5
2
3

5
5

1
1

18
9

37
15
22

11
7
4

13
12
1

29
20
9

43
34
9

12
12

20
12
8

2
2

9

29

9
11
10

i

1

5
5

4

5

_
-

4

15
5

7
7

1
1

1
1
11
11

i i

6

23

20
3
17

11
2
9

12
6

20
16
8
8

6
6

5

10
5
5

21
21

12
5
7

15
10
5

15
9

3
1

26
15

6

2

11

4
3

4

7
4

6
2

6

3
3

_

_

_

“

4

“

-

“

-

-

_

__

_

-

“

“

32
26
6

6
5
1

14
14

4
3

“

1

3
3

-

-

“

4
3
1

“

”

“

_
“

1
1

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

6

2

-

-

“

“

“

7
7

1
1

1
1

-

-

“

“

*

-

-

-

“

5
5

23
23

”

1
1

10
9

11

16
5

4

3

4

3

19

14

32

30

12

28

30

-

2

20

-

”

10

_

5

6

-

-

5

4

*

*

-

-

2
1

12

1

32

4
4

5
5

39
22
17

23
11
12

3
2

9
9

2
2

3
2
1

6
6

1

-

“
5

i

23

4
3

20
18

9
4

1
2
2

9

2
2

2

5

7

2
2

7
7

7

1
1

-

~
-

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a ti o n s s t ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in du s tr y d iv i si o n , T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h ., F e b r u a r y 1970)
M
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y e a r n in g s of—
S ex , o ccu p ati o n, and i n d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikeis

Average
weekly
hours 1
standard)

$

$
60

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

s
65

S

S
70

75

*
80

$
85

*
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

s

*
110

115

t
120

$
130

t
140

t
150

$
160

$
170

t

$
180

190

an d
under

200
an d

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
5
2

12
8
4

11
7
4

14
5
9

6
5
1

14
14

11
9
2

25
17
8

17
17
-

-

2
2
-

_

-

2
2

8
6
2

15
6
9

40
24
16

35
18
17

42
14
28

29
21
8

18
12
6

12
8
4

15
11
4

28
11
17

17
5
12

_
-

_
-

4
4

14
8

12
12

2
2

5
5

13
1

3
3

1

3
3

_

_

*

-

2
1

-

~

~

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
4
2
*

11
2
9
4

3
3
1

19
10
9
1

38
22
16
1

41
20
21
-

34
27
7

62
40
22
1

133
100
33
4

135
108
27
2

112
85
27
5

91
81
10
7

60
54
6
5

67
57
10
9

-

-

_

_

3
3

7
7

-

-

-

~

3
-

23
23

11
9

7
3

21
15

4
3

18
16

2

9
2
7

5
3
2

10
3
7

22
12
10

30
17
13

25
23
2

42
28
14

14
13
1

14
14
-

20
12
8

2
2

3
3
-

-

2
7
5
2

15
7
8

10
3
7

12
12

11
7
4

38
22
16

52
35
17

48
40
8

52
49
3

24
19
5

17
17
-

7
7
-

2
2
-

7
2
5

7
6
i

26
14
12

12
12
-

26
21
5

42
38
4

47
41
6

12
11
1

4
4
-

13
13
-

12
12
-

_

_

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65

190

200

over

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

120
89
31

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .5

$
119 .5 0
122.00
113.00

$
118 .5 0
121.00
108 .0 0

$
$
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

263
138
125

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

102 .0 0
101.50
102.50

99.0 0
100.50
9 8 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

59
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

80.00
78.5 0

SECRETARIES3--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 4 ----------------------

855
651
204
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

137 .5 0
141 .5 0
125 .0 0
139.00

136.50
1 39.50
1 22.50
1 5 0 .5 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

1
1
1

-

"

1
~
1
1

121
103

3 9.5
3 9 .5

151.00
1 52.00

152.00
1 53.00

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 7 6 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

_

-

-

-

-

-

c l a s s b -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

203
132
71

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

137.50
143 .5 0
126 .5 0

137 .5 0
141.50
121 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

300
228
72

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

140.50
1 4 4.50
128 .0 0

1 41.00
146.00
1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

-

-

~

-

“

“

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

223
180
43

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 5.50
130 .0 0
1 0 8.00

126 .0 0
1 28.50
108.00

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

1

_

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

501
367
134
33

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0

1 0 7.50
109.00
103.50
1 2 5 .5 0

105.50
107.50
1 00.50
131.50

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

435
359
76

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

12 3 .5 0
125.00
1 1 7.50

124 .5 0
124.50
124 .5 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0

-

_

"

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

56
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

119.50
12 1 .5 0

119 .5 0
120 .0 0

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

80
59

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

98.5 0
90.5 0

96.5 0
92.5 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 99.0 0

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

177
93
84

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

97.5 0
96.5 0
9 8 .5 0

99.5 0
97.0 0
104.00

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

87
77

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

92.0 0
92.0 0

89.0 0
84 .0 0

7 8 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

secretaries,

-------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------class

a

secretaries,

S e e foo tnote s at end of table.




7 4 .0 0 7 4 .0 0 -

93 .0 0
8 9.00

*

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

-

-

2

-

-

~

-

2

“

-

-

2
2
-

_

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

19
19

15
15

7
7

-

-

~

-

-

10
10

10
10

4
4

-

_
-

_

7
2
5

_

43
25
18
-

48
41
7
1

71
56
15
3

47
41
6
i

38
30
8
3

31
28
3
1

58
43
15
7

67
47
20
16

15
14
1
1

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
16
8

11
11
“

37
36
1

29
29
-

32
30
2

33
31
2

64
55
9

89
76
13

56
34
22

31
31
-

8
8
~

1
1
~

_

_

.

-

-

-

4
2

7
6

3
3

4
1

5
4

6
6

10
4

13
13

3
3

1
1

_

_

-

2
~

3
1

4
4

7
1

9
4

2
-

_

_

-

-

1
1
“

-

1

6
4
2

9
9
-

26
10
16
-

9
2
7
*

37
19
18

4

-

*

4

-

3
3

13
1
12

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

“

-

”

5
5

_

8
8

6
6

7
7

3
1

6
6

16
16

2

_

3
3

9
9

7
1
6

29
17
12

9
7
2

18
7
11

15
15
“

22
11
11

24
10
14

17
2
15

15
9
6

6
2
4

2
2
~

_

_

32
32

9
9

4

16
12

1
-

4
3

9

1
1

6
6

5
5

_

.

-

-

1

-

_

2
2

1

-

-

-

9

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

*

-

-

_

“

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y h o ur s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a ti o ns st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y di v i si o n , T o l e d o , Ohio— i ch ., F e b r u a r y 1970)
M
Weekly
(standard)

S ex, o ccu pa tio n, and in d u s tr y di v i si o n

Number
of
work ere

t

[standard)

s

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

$

%

65

60

weekly

t

75

70

80

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y ea r n in g s of—
1
$
i
t
1
s
%
$
i
»
*
$
95
105
110 115
120
130
140
150
160
100
85
90

t

%

170

s

t

190

180

and
un der

200
and

65

70

-

“
8
4
4

80

38
6
32
~

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

8
7
1

34
29
5

14
13
1

43
31
12

16
9
7

21
21
”

7
3
4

48
45
3

25
18
7

17
17
~

9
9
-

-

86
33
53
3

-

_

85

11
11
*

75

57
20
37
5

24
9
15
2

15
10
5
1

27
8
19
8

13
5
8
5

13
9
4
4

3
3
*

6
6
~

12
11
1
1

3
3
“

_

_

-

-

-

-

180

190

200

o v er

W
OMEN - CONTINUED
T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

253
21 3
AO

39.5
39.5
40.0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------

33 4
137
197
32

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

$
$
$
9 9 .00-126.00
112.50 110.00
113.00 111.50
97.50-126.50
110.00 106.00 1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
89.50
95.50
85.50
97.00

85.50
89.00
84.00
101.50

8 0 .5 0 - 98.00
82.00-108.50
7 8 .5 0 - 91.00
87.00-108.00

“

~

29
10
19
3

-

“
“

-

~

-

1 S ta n d a r d h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k fo r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e wee kl y h o ur s .
2 The m e a n i s c o m p ut e d f o r e a c h jo b by tota ling the e a r n in g s of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s po si ti o n— h a lf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra te shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the ra te shown.
The mi dd le r a n ge i s defined by 2 r a t e s of pay; a fourt h of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fo ur th e a r n m o r e than
the hig he r r a te .
* May in clude w o r k e r s o the r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , co m m u n i ca t io n , and o the r public u ti l it i e s .

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e wee kl y h o u rs and ea r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv i si o n , T o l e d o , Ohio— ch . , F e b r u a r y 1970)
Mi
Weekly earnings^
(standard)

S ex , o ccu p ati o n, and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N

L

of
workers

Nu m be r of w o r k e r s re c e iv i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e we ekly ea rn in g s of —

Average
weekly
(standard)

$

t
Median2

Middle range2

95

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

t

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

100

105

11 0

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

1
1

Undei
M«n2

*

4
4

16
6

31
21

16
16

25
25

3
3

5
4

-

13
13

12
12

12
12

6
6

i
i

1
1

2
2

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

~

“

“

~

and
under

S

95

100

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----

138
117

4 0.0
4 0 .0

$
1 9 7 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0

$

$

1 9 0.50
19 2 .5 0

1 7 3 .5 0 -2 3 3 .0 0
1 7 8 .0 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----

203
160

4 0 .0
4 0.0

1 5 9.00
159.50

1 5 5.50
15 8 .5 0

1 4 4 .00-171.00
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

*

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C MANUFACTURING -----

172
124

4 0 .0
4 0.0

125.50
1 2 5.50

124.00
12 3 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

-

4

14
14

7
5

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --MANUFACTURING -----

30
28

4 0.0
4 0.0

1 0 7.00
108.50

10 0 .0 0
10 0 .5 0

97.0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

6

1
1

75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

149 .0 0
1 4 9.00

150 .5 0
150.00

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

-

-

2

14
14

6

_

2
2

_

-

-

*

30
26

47
33

35
23

34
26

31
31

4
4

10
5

12
10

35
27

19
9

37
27

15
9

12
11

8
8

5

_

_

~

2
2

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

5

2
2

6
6

14
12

13
13

7
6

3
3

1
1

-

~

W EN
OM
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING ---- --------------------------

71

”

~

5

'
5
5

17
16

7
7

1 S ta n d a r d ho u rs r e f l e c t the wo rkw ee k fo r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) ,
to th e s e weekly h o u rs .
2 F o r definition of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, tab le A - l .




2
2

and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e weekl y h o ur s and e a r n i n g s fo r s e l e c t e d o cc up a ti o ns st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n , T o l e d o , Ohio—
Mic h. , F e b r u a r y 1970)
Average
Occu pati on and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

Average

O cc up ati on and in du s tr y di v i si on

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

265
139
126

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
102.50
102.00
103.00

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

of

W eekly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

Occu pat ion and in du s tr y di v is io n

Num ber

of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

AO
25

$
40.0 104.00
40.0 105.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

53
35

40.0 121.00
39.5 122.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIR LS-----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------

124
74
50
26

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

90.00
87.50
93.50
104.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

142
58
84

39.5
98.00
39.5 105.50
39.5
93.00

SECRETARIES3---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------

85 6
651
205
42

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

137.50
141.50
125.00
139.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

276
198
78

40.0 141.00
40.0 147.50
39.5 124.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

121
103

39.5
39.5

151.00
152.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

337
192
145

39.5 106.00
40.0 113.00
39.5
96.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

20 4
132
72

39.5
40.0
38.5

137.50
143.50
127.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

114
32
82

39.5
96.00
40.0 105.00
92.50
39.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

30 0
228
72

40.0
40.0
39.5

140.50
144.50
128.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

113
97

39.0
38.5

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

193
147
46

40.0 119.00
40.0 117.00
39.5 125.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

223
180
43

39.5
40.0
38.5

125.50
130.00
108.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

199
148
51

39.5 115.00
39.5 117.50
40.0 108.00

STENOGRAPHERS, g e n e r a l -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------

502
367
135
34

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

107.50
109.00
103.50
126.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

62
33

39.5 103.50
39.5 118.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

435
35 9
76

39.5
40.0
39.0

123.50
125.00
117.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

123
89
34

39.5 120.00
39.5 122.00
39.5 115.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

57
44

40.0
40.0

119.50
121.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

80
59

39.0
39.0

$
98.50
90.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

177
93
84

39.5
39.5
39.5

97.50
96.50
98.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

39
33

39.0
39.0

129.00
136.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

87
77

39.0
39.0

92.00
92.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

256
216
40

39.5
39.5
40.0

112.50
113.00
110.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------

334
137
197
32

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

89.50
95.50
85.50
97.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

138
117

40.0
40.0

197.50
202.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

205
162

40.0
40.0

159.00
160.00

draftsmen,

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BI LLI NG
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

78.00
77.50

Average

Num ber

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
standard)
(
standard) (

CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

181
129

40.0
40.0

125.00
125.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

38
28

40.0
40.0

103.50
108.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

77
73

40.0
40.0

150.00
149.50

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
CC CUPATICNS

1 S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w ork w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th es e w ee kl y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , co m m u n i ca t io n , and oth er public u ti l it i e s .
3 M a y in clude w o r k e r s oth er than tho se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




9

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ur ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y di v i si o n , To l ed o , Ohio— i ch ., F e b r u a r y 1970)
M
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woikers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
t
t
S
*
$
$
$
t
*
$
$
t
S
*
$
$
$
»
t
*
$
*
„ , 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3 .70 3.80 3.90 4 .00 4.10 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60
Under
Mean 2 Median 2 Middle range 2 $1
and
2*80;under
2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3 .80 3.90 4.00 4

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

67
46

$
4.22
4.38

$
4.43
4.45

$
$
3.58- 4.69
4.28- 4.70

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

537
463
74
48

4.54
4.54
4.51
4.90

4.57
4.50
4.64
4.69

4.314.323.824.63-

4.91
4.91
5.42
5.45

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

86

4.43
4.45

3.85- 4.85
4.02- 4.86

_

80

4.29
4.34

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

103
85

3.82
3.84

3.86
3.88

3.19- 4.48
3.18- 4.76

10

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

126
91

3.69
3.86

3.90
3.93

3.35- 3.95
3.79- 3.97

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

298
298

4.84
4.84

4.85
4.85

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

268
241
27
27

4.47
4.54
3.81
3.81

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

258
149
109
89

4.01
4.11
3.89
3.97

“

~

3
3

1

5

25
17

“

4

-

_
-

-

_
-

4

8

3
~

_

~

18
18

_

~

-

4
4

_

9
9

2
2

-

4

-

10
6

11

4.69- 5.00
4.69- 5.00

-

-

_

-

4.62
4.64
3.59
3.59

4.154.403.553.55-

4.98
5.00
3.69
3.69

_

4.04
4.06
3.86
3.89

3.733.853.473.59-

4.39
4.62
4.33
4.36

-

-

10

-

“

4

-

_

~

2

-

2

-

-

_
-

4
4

5
5
“

3.91- 4.69
3.99- 4.73

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

408
408

4.56
4.56

4.68
4.68

79
79

3.76
3.76

3.85
3.85

3.74- 3.91
3.74- 3.91

-

_

-

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

65
34
31

3.99
4.38
3.57

4.09
4.46
3.29

3.29- 4.55
4.11- 4.78
3.24- 3.88

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

190
184

4.32
4.34

4.43
4.44

3.94- 4.77
3.95- 4.77

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

48
46

4.62
4.66

4.76
4.77

4.62- 4.87
4.65- 4.88

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

732
732

4.82
4.82

4.93
4.93

4.56- 5.07
4.56- 5.07

8
5

1

1

“

*

8

45
42
3

89
89
-

61
61
-

59
37

133
133
-

49
48

-

3
-

4
4

16
16

_

9
9

_
~

2
2

_

-

20
20

6

6
6

6
6

18
18

_

-

_

-

-

18
18

81
81

121
121

70
70

6
6

-

2
2

39
39
“

61
56
5
5

25
25
“

61
61
”

-

31

29
29

18
4
14
14

36
36
*

-

8
8

_
-

-

175
175

24
24

49
49

64
64

88
88

32
32

142
142

93
93

-

-

-

-

11
11

_
-

15
15

4
4

5
5

-

2
2

-

15
-

-

1

_

-

18
18

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

_

1
1

7
7

4

_

3

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

-

14

6
8

-

5
5
5

19
3
16

12

64
64

25
15

_

19
4
15
15

22

15
7
7

7
7
”

6
1

3

30

5
5

2
1
1

20
10
10

18
18

19

1

_

_

~

-

*

28
28
“

12

16
15

39
38

“

-

13
9
4
-

-

12
12

1

1

_

-

-

“

2

11

13
13

4
-

23
19

_

-

6
6

1
1

43
43

33
33

16
16

4
4

7
3
4

_
-

4
4
*

10
6

~

4

-

1
1

3
3

5
5

5
5

8
8

_

4

_

-

-

4

-

10
10

13

_

-

_

14

-

-

14

-

_

_

5
5

-

4
4

_

32
32

_
-

4
4

-

8

-

36
36

3

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

_

-

5
5

7
7

3
3

49
49

1

1

1

1

22
1
21
21

-

1
1

*

-

“

_

"

_

_

”

~

_
-

_
-

_
-

71
71

i
-

-

_

_

_

-

2

1
1

“

-

-

1

22
22

-

65
65

-

4
4
“

5

3
3

Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for wo r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




8
8

1

-

4.27- 4.79
4.27- 4.79

OILERS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

20
20

_

8

-

4.28
4.29

6

4
-

_
-

_

*

4.26
4.28

1
1

3

-

-

“

584
555

2
2

_
-

6
6

_

1
1

4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80

6
2

23

20

-

-

_

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

_

1

2

-

-

2
2

-

-

8

7

-

1
1

_

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1

11
1

10

6
6

8
8

6
6

-

~

-

53
53

18
18

4
4
169
169

-

-

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

i

~

41
41

_

i
-

_

-

18
18

19
19

_

_

_

-

-

-

118
118

56
56

280
280

45
45

_

_

i

_

_

1 0

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for selected occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in dustry division, Toledo, Ohio— ich ., F eb ru ary 1970)
M
■ Number of w orkers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs of—

H ourly earnings 2

O ccupation1 and industry division

Number |
of
M ean’
wotken

i
1 .60
M edian 3

M iddle r a n g e 3

»

1 .7 0 1 .8 0

$
2 .4 9
3 .18
2.01

$
2 .1 4
3 .27

--------------------------------------

313
439

---------------------------------------------

244

3.25

NO NM AN UFA CT UR ING
GU ARDS:
MA NU F ACTU RING

752

_

*

$

i

*

i

I

t

$

i

t

*

»

t

»

i

1 .9 0

2 .00

2 .10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0 3 .6 0

_

_

_

_

_

1 .7 0

G U A R D S A ND WATCHMEN -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

and
under

$

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .10

*0
40

1 .90

$
1 .8 8 2 .8 0 1 .8 3 -

$
3.22
3 .49
2.08

“

52
52

172
172

3 .41

2 .9 2 -

3 .63

-

-

-

_

_

2 .2 0

_

2 .3 0

_

_

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

_

2 .8 0

_
2 .9 0

_
3 .0 0

*

*

$

t

$

4 .2 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4 .4 0

_
3 .1 0

anu
3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .40

over

97
10
87

36
36

34
30
4

10
10

14
11
3

16
10
6

8
8
"

9
9
”

23
14
9

9
9
-

22
20
2

11
2
9

67
58
9

63
63
-

28
28
~

17
17
-

24
24
“

-

_
“

10

-

30

-

1

2

-

9

8

7

-

2

47

63

24

17

24

-

-

WATCHMEN:
---------------------------------------------

69

2 .91

3 .01

2 .5 9 -

3 .09

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

8

8

-

6

2

20

-

11

-

4

-

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

1,655
1,139

2.91

2 .9 9

2 .4 8 -

3.36

51 6
52

3 .1 4
2.40
2.86

3.18
2 .43
3 .04

2 .8 2 2 .1 9 2 .7 6 -

3 .51
2.55
3.10

12
12

30
30
4

21
21

8

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------------------

40
5
35
-

8
~

40
13
27
2

40
9
31
1

38
38
“

218
54
164
3

79
34
45
1

157
14 6
11
-

16
9
7
4

72
63
9
“

61
45
16
-

97
59
38
26

186
173
13
10

192
191
1
1

27 5
275
-

68
58
10
“

5
5
-

“

_
-

-

2
2

29
10
19

-

18 7
1
18 6

42
1
41

2
2
-

_
“

13
13
-

4
4
-

65
65

_
-

5
5
-

8
8
-

2
_
2

9
6
3

18
18
-

9
6
3

_
_
-

_
_
-

-

-

_
-

31
31

11
10
1
-

10
10

10
10

22
16
6

3
3
-

4
4
1

2
2
1

45
23
22
“

16
16
-

34
19
15
~

11
10
1
1

211
191
20
~

107
96
11
5

85
77
8
8

136
107
29
27

344
311
33
5

106
76
30
-

159
20
139
136

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
"

15
10
5

1
1

_
-

17
12
5

1
1

5
5

_
-

33
33
-

9
9
-

85
12
73

_
-

185
140
45

69
13
56

_
-

2
2

-

_
“

16
16

1
1

4
4

-

-

*

*

10
10

26
26

4
4

3
3

5
5

MA NU F ACTU RING

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S
( W O M E N ) -----------------------------------------------------------------

2 .2 9

2 .0 9

27 0

2 .72
2.07

2.66
2.05

2 .0 3 2 .6 0 2 .0 2 -

2 .62
2.94
2.09

16
16

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------------

1,347
972
375
184

3 .2 3
3.23
3 .24
3 .7 6

3 .27
3 .24
3.48
3.92

2
2
2
3

-

3 .5 7
3 .54
3 .91
3 .96

-

ORD ER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

422
22 9
193

3 .3 0
3.27
3 .3 4

3 .43
3 .43
3 .42

3 .1 3 3 .0 3 3 .1 4 -

3 .48
3.47
3 .62

_
-

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

510
448

3.46
3.46

3 .60
3.57

3 .0 5 3 .0 0 -

3.74
3 .75

PACKERS, SHIP P IN G
( W O M E N ) ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

122
119

3.05
3 .08

3.41
3 .41

2 .4 7 2 .4 8 -

3 .46
3 .46

4
4

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

82
58

3 .15
3 .33

3 .1 5

2 .9 2 3 .0 1 -

3 .6 1
3. 6 1 t

4

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

95

3 .6 6

3 .4 9 -

3 .95

95

3.66

3 .63
3.63

3 .4 9 -

3 .95

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

3 .4 4
3.45
3 .12

3 .1 0 3 .3 5 2 .9 9 -

3 .57
3 .59
3 .52

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

R E C E I V I N G CLE RK S
M A NUF ACT U RIN G

411
141

226
1 81

3 .45
3.49

--------------------------------------

45

3.26

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------------

1 ,417
597

3.79

NO NM AN UFA CT UR ING

T R U C K D R I V E R S , L I G H T (U N D E R
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS,

M E DI U M

(1 -1 / 2




3 .81
3.76

7
8
3
7

3 .6 1 -

4 .05

820
630

3.73
3.84
3 .91

4 .0 0
4 .0 2

3 .5 5 3 .7 1 3 .7 6 -

3 .96
4.05
4.07

51
31

3 .0 4
3.04

3.19
3.19

2 .7 3 2 .7 3 -

3.72
3 .9 6
3.53
3 .55

3 .60
4 .21
3 .53
3 .39

3
3
3
3

4 .0 7
4 .26
3 .61
3.59

“
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

-

1
1

-

182

-

-

-

ii
u

9
9
5
5

8

4

-

“

8

2
2

4

5

68
68

8

42
33
9

4

7
2
5

4
4

33
33

4

8

-

7

25

i

17

6

21
4

i

14

-

-

3

-

487

45
45
-

1
1
-

45
45

1

1
79
37

201
112

42
24

89

3 .37
3 .37

201
88

222

108
108

33

361
156
205
164

179
133
46

73
414
403

2
2

TO

A ND I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .

3 .4 4

.9
.9
.7
.5

-

113
43

.4
.8
.3
.3

3
2
9
4

-

5
5

26
24

58
7
51

8

21
21
1

20
20
~

12
3
9
9

1

11

Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations---- Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o urly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , T o led o , Ohio— ich . , F e b r u a r y 1970)
M
N um be

Hourly earnings 2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

(
1 .6 0

Number

of
work e is

Mean3

Median 3

Middle range 3

_

, _ _________ _
_

TRUC KER S, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORK L I F T ) ----------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

t

2 .2 0

2 .30

*
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

i
$
2 . 70 2 . 8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

S

t

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

$
3 .80

4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

1 .80

1 .90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 . 9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .20

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3.80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

over

1
1

95
90

223
61
16 2
16 2

68
22
46

403
14
389
378

_
_

_
_

19
10

13
7

1 07
85
22

80
80

56
56

•
_

_
_

2 71
271

223
223

240
207

114
111

6
6

-

-

1
1

42
42

29
29

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

S

and

$
4 .0 0
3 .5 9

$
$
3 .7 3 - 4 .0 6
3 .5 3 - 3.76
3 .7 9 - 4 .0 7

797
195
602
541

$
3 .8 7
3 .6 1
3 .9 6
3 .9 6

3 .98

3 .8 7
3 .4 6

3 .7 9
3 .92
3 .59

3 .7 1 -

238
45

3 .3 4 -

3 .6 5

1,137
1,0 8 1

3 .3 7
3 .3 7

3 .42
3 .41

3 .2 0 3 .2 0 -

3 .6 4
3 .63

91
88

3 .4 2
3 .4 3

3.56
3 .5 7

3 .5 1 3 .5 1 -

3 .71
3.71

4 .0 3

HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------__________ _

»
2 .1 0

CONTINUED

TR UCK DRI VER S, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TR AILER TY PE! ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -----------------------TR UCKDRIVERS,

s
2 .0 0

$

1 .7 0

t
1.90

and
under
1 .7 0

TR UCKDRIVERS5 -

o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra ig h t- tim e hour y e a r n in g s c f---

$
1.80

$

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e foo tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and ty p e o f tr u c k o p e ra te d .




4

31
31

_

_

_
_

_
_

24
24

8
8

_

_

16
16

_

4

41
21

57
57

_

_

67
67

55
55

3
_

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t , th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
an d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n f o ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s t;he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a l e s an d c r e d it s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




1 2

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
xs e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, ph one, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

13
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , an d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic an d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
.Not a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

G la s s B
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , fe w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

GEN ERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

14
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R --- C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t an d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w it c h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

CENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g an d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b ut s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n ifo r m it y an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N --- C o n tin u e d
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n of a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s an d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g of

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RA FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g .- P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

15
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g an d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; an d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g an d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r an d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g .w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m ill in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g an d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g an d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o r k ;
an d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W ork in v o l v e s m o s t of th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g an d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , an d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o ut o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o x o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

1 6

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R --- C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e tt in g up an d o p e r a tin g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U A RD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N I T O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r an d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f il le d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e an d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u pon th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to be p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

POW ER

O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t go o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a,re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift )

Area Wage Surveys
A

list

of

re q u e st

th e

of

th e

la te s t

W age

th e

S u p e rin te n d e n t

th e

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a v a ila b le

H our

and

D o c u m e n ts,

b u lle tin s

P u b lic
U .S .

is

p re se n te d

C o n trac ts

G o v ern m en t

b e lo w .

D iv is io n s

P r in tin g

O ffic e ,

B u lle tin

N .

M ex. ,

A p r.

G a .,

B o is e

M a s s .,
N .Y .,

B u r lin g to n ,
C a n to n ,

O h io ,

C h ic a g o ,

of

th e

1625-89,
1660 -5 1 ,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1625-77,

35 c e n ts

N ew

Y o rk ,

1 6 6 0-11,

35 c e n ts

N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h

M ay

1 9 6 9 __________________________________________
M ay

1 9 6 9 1 _______

N .Y .,

1 6 6 0 -4 0 ,

35

c e n ts

1 6 6 0 -4 2 ,

30

c e n ts

1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------

1 6 2 5-88,

60

c e n ts

A p r.

and

N e w p o rt N e w s—

O k la h o m a

1 9 6 9 1 ____________________________________

1625-65,

35 c e n ts

O m ah a,

1 9 6 9 ________________________________________

1 6 60-34,

25 c e n ts

P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c ,

1 9 6 9 ___________________________________________

1 6 6 0-16,

45 c e n ts

P h ila d e lp h ia ,

1 9 6 9 _______________________________________________

1 6 6 0-29,

45 c e n ts

P h o e n ix ,

1 9 7 0 _________________________________________ _

1660-53,

25 c e n ts

P ittsb u r g h ,

1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------------

1625-73,

30 c e n ts

P o rtla n d ,

M a in e ,

P o rtla n d ,

O r e g . —W a s h . ,

A p r.

A p r.

1 9 6 9 _____________________________ - _____

1 9 6 9 ___ _______________________________________

M ar.

S e p t.

1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------

1 9 6 9 1 _____________________________________________

30

c e n ts

162 5 -6 1 ,

30 c e n ts

1660-9,

30 c e n ts

1625-82,

65 c e n ts

Ju n e

1 9 6 8 ___________________________________________

O k la .,

N e b r .— I o w a ,

1 5 7 5-85,

30

c e n ts

1 9 6 9 1 ________________________________

1660-17,

35

c e n ts

1 9 6 9 ___________________________________

1660-12,

30

c e n ts

1 9 6 9 _________________

1 625-87,

35

c e n ts
c e n ts

Ju ly

S e p t.

P a . —N . J . ,

N .J .,

1 9 6 9 1 _____________________________

1 6 6 0-48,

60

M ar.

A r iz .,

1 9 6 9 ___________________________________________

1 6 2 5-60,

30

c e n ts

Ja n .

1 9 6 9 ___________________________________________

1 6 2 5-59,

35

c e n ts

1 9 6 9 1 ______________________________________

1 6 6 0-26,

35

c e n ts

1 6 2 5-76,

30

c e n ts

P a .,

N ov.

M ay

N ov.

M ay

1 9 6 9 _______________________________

P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k ,
M ay

R . I . —M a s s . ,

1 9 6 9 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

R a le ig h ,

N .C .,

A ug.

1 9 6 9 ______________________________________________

1 9 7 0 ----------------------------------

1 6 60-49,

35 c e n ts

R ic h m o n d ,

V a .,

1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------------------

1 6 6 0-22,

40 c e n ts

R o c h e ste r,

N .Y .

C o lu m b u s,

O h io ,

O c t.

1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------

1 6 6 0-27,

30 c e n ts

1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------------

1660-23,

35 c e n ts

1 6 6 0-20,
1660-37,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

San

A n to n io ,

40 c e n ts

San

B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o ,

O c t.

D a v e n p o r t —R o c k

F e b .

1625-71,

V a .,
C ity ,

I s l a n d —M o l i n e ,

S t.

I o w a — 1 1 1 .,

O c t . 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________________________________________________
D a y to n , O h io , D e c .
1 9 6 9 ____ _______________ ___ ______________________

M ic h .,

F o r t W o rth ,
G reen

1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________________

Ja n .

O c t.

Ja n .

F la .,

A n g e l e s —L o n g
G ro v e,

C a lif.,

K y .—I n d . ,

T e x .,

M a n c h e ste r,

M ar.

W a s h .,

S.

I n d .,

S e p t.

1

660- 10,

35 c e n ts

Sp o k an e,

1625-79,

30 c e n ts

S y ra c u se ,

N .Y .,

30 c e n ts

T a m p a—S t .

P e te rsb u rg ,

Ju n e

1 9 6 9 ------------------

Ju ly

1 9 6 9 _________ - 1 6 6 0 - 2 ,

a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a

A n a-

T o le d o ,

1 9 6 9 1 ____________________________

1625-78,

50 c e n ts

T re n to n ,

1 6 6 0-28,

40 c e n ts

U t i c a —R o m e ,

N . J .,

1660-50,

35 c e n ts

W a sh in g to n ,

1660-3,

30 c e n ts

W a te rb u ry ,

1 9 6 9 * ______________________________

1660-31,

40 c e n ts

W a te r lo o ,

1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------------N ov.

D a k .,

Ju ly

30 c e n ts

1660-13,

30 c e n ts

1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------------------F la ..

A u g . 1 9 6 9 1 ______________________

1660-7,

35 c e n ts

1 9 7 0 ____________________________________

1 6 6 0-56,

30 c e n ts

1 6 6 0-21,

30 c e n ts

1 6 6 0 - 1,

30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts

1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------1 9 6 9 1 _______________________

1660-19,

1 9 7 0 1 ____________________________________

1 6 6 0-54,

35 c e n ts

1 6 6 0-45,

30 c e n ts

1625-41,

30 c e n ts

S e p t.

1 9 6 8 __________________________________________

35 c e n ts

Y o rk ,

F eb .

1660-46,

50 c e n ts

Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n ,

D ata on establishm ent p ractices and supplem entary w age provisions are also presented.

30 c e n ts

1 6 2 5-81,

D ec.

1 6 2 5-66,




1 6 2 5-55,

K a n s .,

A p r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________________
1 9 7 0 1 ----------------------------

25 c e n ts

1 6 6 0-14,

1 9 7 0 ___________________________________________

M a s s .,

Ja n .

30 c e n ts

Ja n .

W o rc e ste r,

M in n .,

30 c e n ts

166 0 -5 2 ,

Io w a,

W ic h ita ,

M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l ,

1 660-15,

1 9 7 0 ______________________________

1 9 6 9 __________________________________

M ar.

30 c e n ts

Ja n .

Ja n .

D . C . —M d . —V a . ,
C o n n .,

35 c e n ts

T e x .,

50 c e n ts

1 9 6 9 ________________________ ________________

Ju ly

1660-44,

N ov.

1 6 6 0 -3 3 ,

1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------------

S e p t.

1660-32,

and O d e ssa ,

35 c e n ts

O c t . 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________

C a lif .,

F eb .

1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------------

F la .,

M id la n d

1660- 36,

1 9 6 9 __________________________________________

Ju n e

N .Y .,

P a .,

30 c e n ts

1 9 6 9 1 ______________________________________

S e p t.

M ar.

O h i o —M i c h . ,

1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________

M ar.

166 0 -4 3 ,

C a lif .,

35 c e n ts

B en d,

A r k .,

35 c e n ts

1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------------------------

Ju ly

W a s h .,

35 c e n ts

1 6 2 5-85,

30 c e n ts

F a lls ,

1 9 6 9 ____________________________

1 9 6 9 1 _________ ___________________________

6 6 0 -3 0 ,

1

1625-68,

S o u th

1660-39,

1 9 6 9 1 _______________________________

1 6 6 0-24,

S io u x

1 9 7 0 1 __________________________________________

Ju ly

M ia m i,

1

P a .,

1 9 6 9 _______ . . . ______ _____________________________

N .H .,

W is .,

S c ra n to n ,

S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t ,

c e n ts

1 9 6 9 1 _____________________________________ _

30 c e n ts

N ov.

T e n n .—A r k . ,

M ilw a u k e e ,

c e n ts

30

1 9 6 9 ______________________________________________

30 c e n ts

R ock,

B each

45 c e n ts
30

S e p t.

M ay

1660 -3 5 ,

M a s s . —N . H . ,

L ittle

1 6 6 0-25,

G a .,

N ov.

1 9 6 9 _____________________________________

1 9 7 0 _________________________________________ —

D ec.

M o .- K a n s .,

R o c k —N o r t h

M e m p h is,

J o s e ,

162 5 -8 3 ,

1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------ — --------------

Ju n e

F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d ,

1 9 6 9 1 ----------------------------------------------------------

O c t.

T e x .,

C a lif.,

1660-4,

50 c e n ts

San

Savan n ah ,

30 c e n ts

1 6 2 5-64,

1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________________

N ov.

30 c e n ts

San

1625-69,

o n ly ),

M ar.

1660-18,

35 c e n ts

30 c e n ts

30 c e n ts

U ta h ,

C a lif.,

35 c e n ts

1 660-6,

1 6 2 5-72,

D ie g o ,

30 c e n ts

C ity ,

L o u is v ille ,

C ity ,

1 6 2 5-74,

1 9 6 9 ______________________________________________

San

1660-8,

M ay

M ay

50 c e n ts

1625-70,

I n d .,

o c c u p a tio n s

1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 9 6 9 _________________________________________

M i s s .,

L u b b ock ,

D ec.

1 9 6 9 1 ________________________________________

T e x .,

G ard en

1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------—

c e n ts

Ju ly

L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l ,
L o s

1625-58,

30

(o ffic e

M o . — 1 1 1 .,

L ak e

M ay

Ja c k so n v ille ,

L ittle

1625-62,

1 1 1 .,

L o u is ,

W is .,

In d ia n a p o lis,
J a ck s on,

166 0 -4 1 ,

1 9 6 9 ----------------------— ---------------------------

S a lt

1 9 6 9 ___________________________________________

M ar.

1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S .C .,

B ay ,

H o u sto n ,

1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________________________

M ar.

T e x .,

G r e e n v ille ,

K a n sa s

D ec.

Io w a,

J u ly

R o c k fo rd ,

c e n ts
c e n ts

1 9 7 0 _______________________________________

35 c e n ts

H a m p to n ,

5 0

1 9 7 0 1 ____________________________________

30 c e n ts

1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------

n u m b er
p r ic e

J an.

S e p t.

D e tr o it,

on

Ja n .

L a .,

1660-5,

M ar.

T e x .,

C o n n .,

1625-75,

Ju ly

A p r.

C o lo .,

th e

fro m

sh o w n

30

O h i o —K y . — I n d . ,

M o in e s,

o ffic e s

1625-80,
1660-47,

O h io ,

D es

sa le s

at

p u rch ase d

and

C le v e la n d ,

D en v er,

r e g io n a l

c o n d u c te d

be

M u s k e g o r r - M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 __________
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1 __________________
O rle a n s,

T e n n .- G a .,

T e x .,

B L S

stu d ie s
m ay

B u lle tin

C in c in n a t i.,

D a lla s ,

lim ite d
B u lle tin s

A re a

H aven ,

M ay

1 1 1 .,

any

m o re

re q u e st.

n u m b er

N ew

A ug.

N .C .,

C h a tta n o o g a ,

on

fro m

N ew

W . V a .,

C h a r lo tte ,

or

30 c e n ts

O c t.

V t .,

C h a r le sto n ,

20402,

30 c e n ts

Id ah o , N o v .

B u ffa lo ,

in c lu d in g

a v a ila b le

1625-67,

A la .,

B o sto n ,

D .C .,

stu d ie s

is

1 6 2 5-86,

A ug.

N .Y .,

C ity ,

w age

L ab o r

1 9 6 9 _____

P a . —N . J . ,

B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u i — O r a n g e ,
B ir m in g h a m ,

W a sh in g to n ,

a re a
of

1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------------------------------

M ay

M d .,

B in g h a m to n ,

of

1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------

A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m — E a s t o n ,
B a ltim o r e ,

d ir e c to r y
D ep artm en t

an d p r ic e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 9 1 ----------------------------- ,--------------------------------A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y — T r o y , N . Y . , F e b .
1 9 7 0 ----------------------

A tla n ta ,

A

th e

co v er.

A re a

A lb u q u e r q u e ,

of

M ay

1 9 6 9 _______________________________________

1625-84,

30 c e n ts

1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

1 625-52,

30 c e n ts

1 6 6 0-38,

35 c e n ts

O h io ,

N ov.

1 9 6 9 1 _______________________

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS




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