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Area Wage Survey

The Burlington, Vermont, Area
March 1970

Bulletin 1660-53




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

*

dak

tow*

NE8R

KANS

K a n s a s City

OK LA
VIRGIN ISLANDS

A tla n ta

D a lla s

R E G IO N

V I

PUERTO RICO

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 Mayflower Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
411 North Akard St.
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. '75201
Phone: 749-3516(Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
 * * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.


Area Wage Survey
The Burlington, Vermont, Area




March 1970

Bulletin 1660-53
June 1970

U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffre y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




C o n te n ts

P r e fa c e

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta by se le c t e d in d u str y d iv isio n fo r each
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

T ab les:
1.
A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________
O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n _______________
m
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A p pendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d i n the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s bien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y in
B u r l i n g t o n , V t. , in M a r c h 1970.
T h e a r e a c o n s i s t s of
B u r l i n g t o n , E s s e x J u n c t i o n , S o u t h B u r l i n g t o n , an d W i n o o s k i
in C h i t t e n d e n C o u n t y .
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e i n B o s t o n , M a s s . , u n d e r th e g e n ­
e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V. M u l k e r n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
D ire c to r for O p eration s.




1

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

are

av ailab le

for other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the B u r l i n g t o n a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d
b uilding t r a d e s .

2
3
4

Lfl sO

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s su rv e y r e s u l t s fo r each a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p le t io n of a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a round
o f s u r v e y s , two s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
on e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h a s b e e n
p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to
g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the U n it e d S t a t e s . T h e tw o s u m m a r y
b u l l e t i n s a r e l i m i t e d to S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l
A r e a s and, t h e r e f o r e , ex clu d e B u rlin g to n .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________________________________

7




Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u factu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajo r
in d u stry g ro u p s exclu ded fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s




p o ssib ility

of

d isclosu re

of

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d re fle c t c o m p o site , are aw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s w ith in
in d ivid u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under con tract with the New York
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); R ochester (o ffice o ccu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition , the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 78 areas a t the request o f the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts D ivisions of the U .S . D e­
partm ent of Labor.

is

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e
sh ifts . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W here w ee k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h is b u lletin p r e s e n t s c u rr e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in t h e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
t o n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e f o l ­
low ing t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s
w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o ccu p atio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e lis te d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

there

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e o f the s t u d y a n d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bulletin .
In fo rm a tio n for th e se tab u latio n s is co lle c te d b ien n ially .
State T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e
s a l a r i e s for in e x p e rie n ced
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; paid
h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .
1




T a b le

1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d i n B u r l i n g t o n ,
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v is i o n , 2 M a r c h 19 7 0

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

A l l d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5-----------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6--------------------_ -----------R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ---- -----------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6----------S e r v i c e s 6 7__________________________________________

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

V t.,

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e

of stu d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y

S tu d ie d

46

46

100

12, 411

50
-

15
31

15
31

8,

908
3, 503

72
28

8, 9 0 8
3, 503

50
50
50
50
50

4
3
15
5
4

4
3
15
5
4

977
159
1, 529
594
244

8
1
12

977
159
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S tu d ie d
N um be r

P ercen t

12, 411

5

2

1 T h e B u r l i n g t o n a r e a c o n s i s t s o f B u r l i n g t o n , E s s e x J u n c t i o n , S o u t h B u r l i n g t o n , a n d W i n o o s k i i n C h i t t e n d e n C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h i s t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in
th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e
e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f th e
p a y r o ll
p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l, w a s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l im i t a t i o n . A ll o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e , c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i t h i n t h e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h / d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e t o
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t \ d a t a .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r ie s an d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , an d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s an d c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ) ; an d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A l m o s t t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y i n t h e B u r l i n g t o n
a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g , f i r m s *
T h e | fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y
g r o u p s an d s p e c ific in d u s t r ie s a s a p e rc e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d
s u p p l i e s ___________________________ 4 0
O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s -------- 4 0
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g -------------- 4

S p e c ific in d u s t r ie s
E le c t r o n ic c o m p o n e n ts an d
a c c e s s o r i e s _______________________4 0
O r d n a n c e ---------------------------------------4 0

T h is in fo r m a tio n i s b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia l s c o m p ile d p r io r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s m a y
d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

3
A. Occupational E arnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u r l i n g t o n , V t ., M a r c h 1 970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - |t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f—

Average
weekly
(standard)

$

S

70
Mean *

Median2

Middle range2

*

$

75

80

85

$

90

$

$
95

$
100

*

i

105

no

115

$

$
120

t
125

t
130

$
135

$
140

S
145

$
150

$
155

*
160

*

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

170

180

—

an d
un der

an d

180 i o v e r

MEN
8

38.5

$
86.00

$
89.00

$
$
8 1 .0 0 - 94.50

1

1

1

2

2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

18
16

39.0
39.0

91.50
88.50

92.00
90.50

8 1 .00-105.50
8 0 .5 0 - 99.00

1
1

3
3

3
3

1
1

4
4

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING., CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

29
22

38.5
38.5

117.50 114.00
117.00 113.50

111.50-122.50
111.50-116.00

_

_

_

_

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

99
82

38.5
38.0

93.00
85.50

76.00-106.00
7 4 .50-105.00

22
22

12
12

7

4

7

4

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

14
6

39.5
39.5

110.50 106.00
115.50 117.50

101.00-126.00
8 9 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

_

-

1
1

1
1

OFFICE BOYS

1

W
OMEN

92.00
89.00

-

-

9
7

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------

17

40.0

109.50

106.50

96.00-127.50

-

-

-

-

4

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

39
22

38.5
37.5

94.50
83.00

95.00
82.00

8 0 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 95.50

6
6

4

4

4
4

5
2

1
1

SECRETARIES3 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

22 9
196
33
11

39.5
40.0
38.0
39.0

128.50 124.00
130.50 125.00
118.50 120.00
133.50 140.00

111.00-145.50
112.00-146.50
101.50-136.00
115.00-153.50

_

_

-

“

i
i
-

3

1

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------------

9

39.0

141.00

125.00

114.00-180.00

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8 -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

39
15

39.0
37.5

145.00
118.00

160.00
125.00

1 20.00-173.50
98.50-135.00

_

_

-

“

-

-

1
1

1
1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

11
6

39.5
40.0

95.00
101.50

91.50
100.00

87.50-110.00
92.00-116.00

-

_

i

4
i

3
2

-

2

1

11
11

4
4

1
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

9

39.5

91.00

92.50

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

1

-

2

i

16

39.0

110.50

116.00

101.00-124.50

-

1

-

i

1

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -------------------------------

8

39.0

85.00

84.00

3

2

2

2

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -------------------------------

11

2

79.00-

89.50

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d iv i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f ] o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
th a n th e r a t e sh o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s 1t h a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n
th e h i g h e r r a t e .
3 M a y i n c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r t h a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




4
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earning s for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , B urling ton, V t., M arch 1970)

Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Num ber of w o rk e rs re ce ivin g stra ig h t-tim e
w eekly earning s of—

Average
weekly
(standard)

120
Mean3

Median2

Middle range2

125

at

O O
o o

$

42
42

$

$

1 4 9.00
1 4 9.00

1 5 2 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

1 4 4 .0 0 1 4 4 .0 0 -

1 Standard hours re fle ct the w orkw eek for which em ployees
re g u la r a n d /o r prem ium ra te s), and the earning s co rre sp o n d to
2 F o r definition of te rm s, see footnote
2 , table A - 1.

Table A-3.

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

4
4

2
2

-

9
9

and
under

$

re ce ive th eir
these w eekly

159 .5 0
159 .5 0

re g u la r
hours.

2
2

2
2

stra ig h t-tim e

5
5

9
9

s a la rie s (e x c lu siv e of pay for

6
6

3
3

overtim e

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earning s for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv isio n , B urling to n, V t., M a rch 1970)

Average

Average
O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
earnings *
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

O ccupation and ind u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
18
16

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 1 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

29
22

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 7.50
11 7 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING ------------

103
83

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

9 3 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

16
10
6

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 4.00
113 .0 0
1 1 5.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A

17

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

of

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
39
22

3 8 .5
3 7.5

$
9 4 .5 0
83 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

1 0 9.50

$

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R LS ------------------------

8

3 8 .5

86.0 0

SECRE TARIES2---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------ ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

229
196
33
11

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 8.50
1 3 0.50
1 1 8.50
1 3 3.50

CLASS A -----------------------

9

3 9 .0

SECRETARIES,

39
15

3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 4 5.00
118.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

11
6

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
1 0 1.50

3 9 .5

7

4 0 .0

1 2 2.00

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -------------------------------

16

3 9 .0

110 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B -------------------------------

8

3 9.0

85.0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -

42
42

Standard h o urs re fle ct the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re ce ive th e ir re g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (e x c lu siv e of pay fo r o vertim e at re g u la r a n d /o r p rem ium ra te s), and the earnings
co rre sp o nd to these w eekly ho urs.
2 M ay include w o rk e rs other than those presented sep arately.
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other p ublic u tilitie s .




9 1 .0 0

1 4 1.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

9

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------

o o
o o

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

Average
O ccupation and ind u stry d iv isio n

1 4 9.00
1 4 9.00

5
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verag e stra ig h t-tim e h o urly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by ind u stry d iv isio n , Burlington, Vt. , M arch 1970)

Hourly earnings

Occupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber of w o rk e rs re ce ivin g stra ig h t-tim e h o urly earnings of—

«

Number
of

t

Under 2 ' 90
2 $

2*9

; and
_
0 under

_

3 .1 0

_

$

3 .8 3
3 .8 3

3 .2 8 3 .2 8 -

38
38

3 .9 1
3.91

4 .0 1
4 .0 1

3 .6 9 3 .6 9 -

4 .0 9
4 .0 9

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------

11
11

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

3 .8 2
3 .8 2

3 .1 9 3 .1 9 -

3 .87
3 .8 7

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------

18
17

3 .2 9
3 .2 5

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

3 .1 3 3 .1 2 -

3 .39
3 .38

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING —

71
71

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

4 .6 6
4 .6 6

3 .6 9 3 .6 9 -

5 .02
5 .0 2

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------

10
10

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

3 .61
3.61

1 E x clu d e s prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r work on weekends,
2 F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




2
2

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

holidays,

t

._

3 .2 0

$

$

(

_

3 .3 0

2

1
1

-

2
2

_

_

3 .5 0

1
1

1
1

$

_

3 .6 0

_

3 .7 0

8
8

t

S

2
2

1
1

3 .8 0

$

*

4 .2 0

4 .3 0 4 .4 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

12
12

2
2

"

i

t

*

i

t

*

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

5 .00

5 .2 0

over

13
13

5
5

7
7

12
12

6
6

1
1

5
5

-

3
3

2
2

4 .4 0

1
1

4 .5 0

2
2

-

1
1

6
6

1
1
8
8

$

and

3 .9 0

4
4
1
1

*
4 .1 0

_

5
5

1
1

3
3

t

3 ,9 0 4 ,0 0

1
1

2
2

6
6

and late shifts.

3 .4 0

t

S

3 -5 0 3 -6 0 3 , 7 0 3 ,8 0

_

1
1

2

1
1

t

3 *00 3 *10 3 ,2 0 3 *30 3 ' 40

3 .0 0

$

$

1
1
-

4
4

4
4

2
2

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

6

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r c h 1970)

Hourly earnings

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—

$

*

s

s

$

$

s

s

$

s

$

$

$

$

$

s

s

t

s

*

$

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u stry d iv isi

an d
under

,

1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70

$
2.722.72-

GU AR DS AND WATCHMEN -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

$
2.79
2.82

2.77
2.77

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

2.42
2.31

2.54
2.32

2.65
2.48

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG ---MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------- -----

2.36
2.66
2.21

2.39
2.75
2.23

2.04- 2.82
2.61- 2.89
1.79- 2.58

PACKERS, SHIPPING ---------------MA NU FACTURING -----------------

2.54
2.54

RE CEIVING CLERKS ----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

2.82
2.69

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------

1
2
3
4

2.79
2.65

2.482.38-

3.15
3.08

2.71- 3.28
2.55- 3.23
2.86
2.85
3.15

2.69- 3.11
2.73- 2.98
2.05- 3.26
2.95- 3.26

D a t a l im i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e an d ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




22
21

2.23- 2.85
2.23- 2.85

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------MA NU FACTURING -----------------TR U C K D R I V E R S 4 ---------------------

3.06
3.08

s h ifts .

over

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il lin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n f o ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, ph one, o r p e r so n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y han d.

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t io n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o re p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH O PERATOR
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n o n th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
i n e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t i o n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s t;he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

7

8
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d i n g s o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

O F F IC E

BOY OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a t u r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r them th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r ~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




C

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; £ r
b.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; jo r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

9
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y t a k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t i m e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GEN ERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u i r in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n i n g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y su c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IST
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a tio n , e t c . , of t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c tio n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s i n it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e no t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s

c lo se ly

su p e r v is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d
e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g .: P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

10
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

ST A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g an d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n of a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk ,- a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e sta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y i n g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E ( M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l l i n g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o x o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f




M A IN T E N A N C E

11
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d i n s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G

GU ARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR C LEA N ER

CLERK

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f il e s .

(S w e e p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g ; L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e

st o c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lV2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

O RD ER

w o rk ers a re

POW ER

SH IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a;re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo ll o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )




Available On Request

T h e t e n t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torneys,
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t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , a n d c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r a s B B S B u l l e t i n 1 6 5 4 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1 969- S e v e n ty -fiv e
cen ts a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1------------------- -----------------------A lbany— c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970___________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1969---------------------------A lle n tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1969---------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r th u r— r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1_________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, Nov. 1969____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969----------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N .Y ., Oct. 1969_________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1 9 7 0 _____________________________
C an to n , Ohio, M a y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969---------------------------------------C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1969--------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 -----------------------------------------C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y .— n d . , F e b . 1970------------------------K
I
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1969-------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h io, O ct. 1969---------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct. 1969 -------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l in e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
O ct. 1969 1_______________________________________________
D ay ton , Ohio, D e c . 1969— ----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969-----------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 --------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x . , Oct. 1969------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1969-------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1------------------------------------H o u sto n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O ct. 1969------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970----------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969 -----------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t. 1969-------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1969 ------------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1969--------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 -------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d . , Nov. 1969 1-------------------------------I
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e ^ n . - A r k . - Nov. 1969 1---------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N ov. 1969_______ — ------- ----------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1970 1----------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969--------- -------- -------------------M i n n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1970 1-------------------

B u lletin n um ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1660-51,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1660-53,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1660-49,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35
30
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
25
45
45
25
30
30
30
30
65
35
40
30
35

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35
30
40
30
50
30
30
35
45
30
30
30
35
30
30

c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents

1625-78,
1660-28,

50 c e n ts
40 c e n t s

1b b U - 5 u ,

3b c e n t s

1660-3,
1660-31,
lb 60-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

30
40
30
35
35
50

D a ta on estab lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en tary w age provision s are a lso p resen ted.




cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , Con n ., J a n . 1970 1_________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970____________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m ah a, N ebr.—
Iow a, S e p t . 1969________________________
P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1969 1____________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M a y 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e p P a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s .,
W
M
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o.—
111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, Nov. 1969 1______________________
S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C alif.,
R
O
D e c . 1969___________________ ____________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1__________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1969 1____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1969 1___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1970______________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969_________ ____________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1969 1______________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h ., F e b . 1969 1_______________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1969______________ _________________
U t i c a — o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969___________________________
R
W a sh in g to n , D .C . —
Md.— a . , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 * _______________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1V70 1_________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, J a n . 1970______________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1969 -----------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969_________________ ___________________
Y ou n g stow n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1969 1________________
W

Bu lletin n um ber
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30
40
35
30
60

cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30
35
30
35
60
30
35
35
30

c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts

1625-74,
16 6 0 -6 ,
1625-69,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30
30
50
35
35

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
166 0 -1 5
1660-52,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
166 0 -1 3 ,
16 6 0 -7 ,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
166 0 -1 9 .
1b 6 0 - 5 4 ,
1660-45,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1623-52,
1660-38,

30
35
50
35
30
30
30
25
30
30
30
35
35
30
30
50
35
30
30
30
30
35

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C .

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
I
-----------------------------------------

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102