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The Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, New York,
Metropolitan Area
hVImiarv l ( ) 7 0

SARATOGA

B u lle tin

1660-51




S C H F N F C TADY

Schenectad y A
Albany
I R f N S S t I AF ft

U S DEPARTMENT o f l a b o r
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U

O F

L A B O R

S T A T I S T I C S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

e>°s
N /O

I OWA

REGIO N I
I
KANS

K a n s a s C ity

U.S.

O K LA

BR.

VIRGIN ISLANDS

Atlanta

D a lla s

R E G IO N V I

PUERTO RICO

Region II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516(Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-B Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.

 * * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.


Area Wage Survey
The Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, New York,
Metropolitan Area




F e b r u a r y

1 9 7 0

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 - 5 1

May 1970
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R
G e o r g e P. S h u ltz , S e c r e t a r y
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




P r e fa c e

C ontents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics p r o g r a m of annual
occupational wage surveys in m etropolitan areas is d e ­
signed to provid e data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment p ra ctices and supplementary wage p rovision s. It
y ield s detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, fo r geographic regions, and fo r the
United States.
A m a jo r consid eration in the p r o g r a m is
the need fo r g r e a t e r insight into (1) the m ovem en t of wages
by occupational c a te g o ry and skill le v e l, and (2) the stru c­
ture and l e v e l of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual a rea bul­
letin presents survey results for each a rea studied. A ft e r
com pletion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of surveys, two sum m ary bulletins are issued. The f i r s t
brin gs data fo r each of the m etrop olitan areas studied into
one bulletin.
The second presents in form ation which has
been p rojected fr o m individual m etropolitan a re a data to
relate to geographic regions and the United States.
Ninety areas c u rren tly are included in the p r o ­
g ra m . In each area, inform ation on occupational earnings
is c o lle c te d annually and on establishment p ractices and
supplementary wage provision s biennially.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups------------------------------------Tables:
1.

Establishments and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and

2.

Indexes of standard w eekly s a la ries and s tra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings fo r sele cted occupational groups, and
percents o f in c r e a s e fo r selected p e r i o d s ------------------------------

A.

Occupational earnings:
A - 1. O ffic e occupations—
men and w o m e n __________________________
A - 2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations—
men and
w o m e n ________________
A - 3 . O ffice, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined ___________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occu pation s------------------------A - 5. Custodial and m a te r ia l m ovem ent occupations-----------------

Appendix.

This bulletin presents results of the su rvey in
Albany—
Schenectady— r o y , N. Y. , in F e b ru a ry 1970.
T
The
Standard M etropolitan Statistical A r e a , as defined by the
Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, consists of
Albany, R e n s s e la e r , Saratoga, and Schenectady Counties.
This study was conducted by the Bureau's region al o ffice in
New Y ork , N .Y . , under the g en eral d irection of Thomas N.
Wakin, A ssistan t Regional D ir e c to r fo r Operations.




3

Occupational d es c rip tio n s _______________________________________

areas.

NO TE:
S im ila r tabulations are available
(See inside back c o v e r . )

fo r other

Union sca les, indicative of p r eva ilin g pay le v e ls in
the Schenectady area, are also available fo r seven selected
building trades.

iii

4

5
7
8
9
10
12




Area Wage Survey---The Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This a re a is 1 of 90 in which the U.S. Department of L a b o r 's
Bureau of L a b o r Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide b a s is .1

to m e r it presentation, or (2)
individual establishment data.

In each a rea, data a re obtained f r o m r e p resen ta tive estab­
lishments within six broad industry divis io ns:
Manufacturing; t r a n s ­
portation, communication, and other public u tilities; w holesale trade;
re ta il trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
industry groups excluded f r o m these studies are government o p e r a ­
tions and the construction and ex tra c tiv e industries. Establishments
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d number of w o r k e r s a re om itted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to w arran t inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided f o r each of
the broad industry divisions which meet publication c r ite r ia .

Occupations and Earnings




possib ility

of d isclo su re of

The a vera ges presented , r e f l e c t composite, areawid e e s t i­
mates.
Industries and establishments d iffe r in pay le v e l and job
staffing and, thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim ates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable fr o m the a vera ges may fail to r e fle c t
a ccu rately the wage spread or d ifferen tia l maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. S im ila r ly , d ifferen ces in average pay le v e ls
for men and wom en in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to r e fle c t d ifferen ces in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible fa ctors which may contrib­
ute to d ifferen ces in pay fo r men and wom en include:
D iffe re n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are collected; and d ifferen ces in specific duties p e r ­
fo rm e d , although the w o r k e r s are c la s s ifie d a p p rop riately within the
same su rvey job descrip tion. Job descriptio ns used in classifyin g e m ­
ployees in these surveys are usually m o r e g e n e ra liz e d than those used
in individual establishments and allow fo r minor differen ces among
establishments in the sp e c ific duties pe rfo rm e d .

T h ese surveys a re conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accu racy at minimum cost, a g r e a te r p roportion of
la rg e than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
h ow e v e r, all establishments are given their appropriate weight.
Es­
tim ates based on the establishments studied are presented, th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the minimum s ize studied.

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under con tract with the New York
D epartm ent o f Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); R ochester (o ffice o cc u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and P ublic Contracts D ivisions of the U .S . D e­
partm ent of Labor.

is

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., those h ired to w ork a regular w e e k ly schedule
in the given occupational classificatio n.
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
mium pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w ­
ances and incentive earnings are included. Where w e e k ly hours are
reported, as for o ffic e c le r i c a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the stand­
ard w orkw eek (rounded to the nearest half hour) fo r which em ployees
r e c e iv e their regu la r s tra igh t-tim e s alaries (e xclu sive of pay for
o v e r tim e at regu lar and/or prem iu m rates). A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings inform atio n obtained l a r g e l y by m ail fr o m the establishments
v is ite d by Bureau fie ld economists in the last previo us su rvey fo r
occupations r ep o rted in that e a r l i e r study. P e r s o n a l v is its w e r e made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents rep ortin g unusual changes
since the previous survey.

The occupations selected fo r study are common to a v a r ie t y
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and a r e of the f o l ­
lowing types:
(1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p rofe s s io n a l and technical; (3)
maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m a te r ia l m ovement.
Occupational c la ssifica tio n is based on a uniform set of job d e s c r i p ­
tions designed to take account of interestablishment v a ria tion in duties
within the same job.
The occupations selected fo r study are listed
and d escrib ed in the appendix.
The earnings data follow in g the job
titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data fo r some of the
occupations listed and d e scrib ed , or fo r some industry divisio ns within
occupations, are not presented in the A - s e r i e s tables because either
(1) employment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data

there

Occupational employment estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
a lly surveyed. Because of d ifferen ces in occupational structure among
establishments, the estimates of occupational em ployment obtained fr o m
the sample of establishments studied s e r v e only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
T h ese d ifferen ces in occupational
structure do not affect m a t e r ia lly the a ccu racy of the earnings data.
Establishment P r a c t i c e s and Supplementary Wage P r o v is io n s
Tabulations on selected establishment p ra ctices and supple­
m entary wage provisions ( B - s e r i e s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Inform ation for these tabulations is collected biennially.
StateThese tabulations on minimum entrance s a la ries for inexperienced
wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d ifferen tia ls; scheduled w e e k ly hours; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are
presented (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in previo us bulletins for this area.
1

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y an d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y . ,
S
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv is io n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1970
Minimum
employment
in establish­
me nt s in scope
of study

Industry division

N u m b e r of establishments

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study r

Studied
Number

Studied
Percent

A H divisions_______________________________

_

374

116

104, 007

100

73,229

Manufacturing______________________________
No nm a n u f a c t u r i n g______________________________
Transportation, comm un ic at io n, and
other public utilities 5 ____________________
Wholesale trade 6 ___________________________
Retail trade 6__ ___ ___________ — ___
Finance, insurance, and real estate 6 _____
Services 6 7
___ __ —
_ _
— -

50
-

135
339

46
70

57,900
46,107

56
44

44,088
29,141

50
50
50
50
50

34
34
86
41
44

14
11
18
10
17

12, 676
4, 852
14, 858
5, 968
7, 753

12
5
14
6

11.094
2, 948
7, 551
2, 562
4, 986

7

1 T h e A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s
S
T
o f A lb a n y , R e n s s e l a e r , S a r a t o g a , a n d S c h e n e c ta d y C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y
a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s
a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d ie d , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , an d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o te ls an d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s an d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , an d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A l m o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e A lb a n y —
S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e
m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s an d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u f a c t u r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l
37
A p p a r e l a n d o th e r t e x t i l e
p r o d u c t s ________________ ___ _____ 8
P a p e r a n d a ll ie d p r o d u c t s --------- 8
S to n e , c l a y , an d g l a s s
p r o d u c t s --------------------------------- 8
C h e m i c a l s an d a ll ie d
p r o d u c t s --------------------------------- 7
F o o d an d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 7
P r in t in g an d p u b l i s h i n g ___ _____ 7
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ----------------6
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t______ 5

E n g in e s and t u r b i n e s _____ ______35
M i s c e l l a n e o u s n o n m e ta llic
m i n e r a l p r o d u c t s _______________7
M e n 's an d b o y s ' f u r n i s h i n g s
5
P a p e r m i l l s , e x c e p t b u ild in g
p a p e r ------------------------------------- 5

T h is i n f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Pre s e n te d in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in a v e ra g e sa la rie s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial nurses,
and in a vera g e earnings of selected plant w o r k e r groups. The indexes
are a m easure of wages at a given tim e, exp re s s e d as a percent of
wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 fr o m the index yields
the percentage change in wages fr o m the base period to the date of the
index. The percentages of change or in c r e a s e relate to wage changes
between the indicated dates. These estim ates are m e a s u re s of change
in averages fo r the area; they are not intended to m easu re average
pay changes in the establishments in the area.

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o rk e rs and industrial nurses, the wage
trends r ela te to regu la r w eek ly s a la ries fo r the n orm al workweek,
exclu sive of earnings for o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r groups, they
m easu re changes in a v e r a g e straigh t-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
prem ium pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
The percentages a r e based on data fo r selected key o c c u ­
pations and include m ost of the n u m erica lly important jobs within
each group.

Lim itations of Data
Method of Computing
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easu res of
change in a rea a v e r a g e s , a re influenced by:
(1) gen eral s a la ry and
wage changes, (2) m e r it or other in creases in pay r e c e iv e d by indi­
vidual w o rk e rs while in the same job, and (3) changes in a vera ge
wages due to changes in the labor f o r c e resulting fr o m labor turn­
o v e r , f o r c e expansions, f o r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o rk e rs em ployed by establishments with differen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor f o r c e can cause in crea ses o r d e c re a s e s in the
occupational a v e r a g e s without actual wage changes.
It is conceivable
that even though a ll establishments in an a rea gave wage in crea ses,
a v e r a g e wages m a y have declined because lo w e r-p a y in g establishments
entered the a rea or expanded their w o rk f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , wages
may have rem ained r e la t iv e ly constant, yet the av e ra g e s fo r an area
m ay have risen con sid erab ly because hig her-paying establishments
entered the a rea.

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate e m ­
ployment in the occupational group. The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation w e r e multiplied by the occupational weight, and the
products fo r all occupations in the group w e r e totaled. The aggregates
fo r 2 consecutive ye a rs w e r e related by dividing the aggregate for
the la te r ye a r by the aggregate fo r the e a r l i e r ye a r.
The resultant
r e la tiv e , less 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year r e la tiv e (100) by the re la tiv e
fo r the next succeeding y e a r and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y e a r 's re la tiv e by the previous y e a r 's index. A v e r a g e earnings
fo r the follow in g occupations w e r e used in computing the wage trends:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women): O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)— S k ille d m aintenance (m en):
Bookkeeping-m achine
Continued
Carpenters
Secretaries
Electrician s
operators, class B
Stenographers, general
M achinists
C leik s, accoun tin g, classes
A and B
Stenographers, senior
M echanics
Sw itchboard operators, classes
C leik s, file , classes
M echanics (au tom otive)
A and B
A , B, and C
Painters
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
P ipefitters
C leik s, order
class B
Tool and die m ake is
C leik s, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Typists, classes A and B
U nskilled p lan t (m en):
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Jan itors, porters, and clean ers
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m a teria l handling
O ffice boys and girls




The use of constant employment weights elim inates the effect
of changes in the p roportion of w o rk e rs represented in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change r e fle c t only changes
in a v e r a g e pay for s tra igh t-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard w o rk schedules, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .
Where n ecessa ry, data w e re adjusted to re m o v e fr o m
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

3

4

Table 2. Indexes of Standard W eekly Salaries and S t r a ig h t - T im e H ourly Earnings fo r Sele cted Occupational Groups in
Albany—
Schenectady—T r o y , N. Y. , F e b ru a ry 1970 and M arch 1969, and P e r c e n ts o f In c r e a s e fo r Selected P e r io d s
A l l industries
P e r io d

O ffic e
clerica l
(m en and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plant
workers
(men)

O ffic e
clerical
(men and
women)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
women)

Skilled
maintenance
trade s
(men)

Unskilled
plant
wo rke r s
(men)

Indexes ( A p r i l 1967=100)
F e b r u a r y 1970 _____________________________
M arch 1969_________________________________

116. 9
110. 7

123. 6
115.5

119.1
110. 0

124. 3
114. 9

(* )
110. 2

122. 9
113.8

119. 1
110. 0

122. 9
112. 0

144. 9
117. 9

143. 3
120. 4

151.2
123. 0

Indexes (M a r c h 1961 = 100)
F e b r u a r y 1970. ---- --------------------------A p r i l 1967___________________________ ______

142. 2
121. 6

146. 2
118. 3

144. 2
121. 1

151.7
122. 0

(l )

118. 2

P e rc e n ts of in c r e a s e
M arch 1969 to F e b r u a r y 1970____________
A p r i l 1 9 6 8 to M arch 1969---------------------A p r i l 1967 to A p r i l 1968----------------------A p r i l 1966 to A p r i l 1967 __________________
A p r i l 1965 to A p r i l 1966----------------------M arch 1964 to A p r i l 1965_________________
M arch 1963 to M a rc h 1964_______________
M arch 1962 to M a rch 1963 _____________
M arch 1961 to M a rch 1962 -------------------M a rch I960 to M a rch 1961_____________

5.
5.
4.
4.
4.
2.
3.
3.
1.
2.

6
6
8
8
0
4
4
9
5
3

7.
4.
10.
2.
3.
2.
2.
2.
4.
4.

1
7
3
6
2
8
4
0
1
8

8.
5.
4.
5.
2.
2.
2.
3.
2.
2.

2
4
4
9
9
7
4
6
1
9

8.
5.
8.
4.
5.
1.
1.
2.
4.
3.

2
6
7
2
2
7
6
9
6
2

(M
5. 6
4. 4
3. 9
2. 5
1.8
3. 4
3. 4
2. 0
1. 8

8. 0
4. 0
9. 5
3. 1
2. 8
3. 3
1.4
2. 5
3. 6
4. 3

1 Data do not m eet publication c r i t e r i a .




N O TE :
P r e v i o u s l y published indexes fo r the Albany—
Schenectady—T r o y a r e a used M a rc h 1961 as
the base period. They can be con verted to the new base period by dividing them by the corresponding
index numbers fo r A p r i l 1967 on the M a rch 1961 base period as shown in the table. (T h e result should
be. m ultip lied by 100.)

8.
5.
4.
5.
3.
2.
2.
3.
1.
2.

3
5
3
9
1
7
0
5
8
9

9. 8
5. 1
6. 6
4. 9
5. 1
1. 8
1.7
1. 9
5. 8
2. 5

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , A lbany— c h e n e c ta d y — ro y , N . Y. , F e b r u a r y 1970)
S
T
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
[standard)

t

t
60

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

*
65

t
70

$
75

80

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
S
$
t
S
$
$
s
s
$
$
i
(
*
85
95
90
100
105
110
115
120
125
135
140
150
130

$

%

160

$
170

an d
under

180
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

over

1

65

12

1

12

7
3
4

11
3
8

3
2
1

10
4
6

11
8
3

20
4
16

12
10
2

4
2
2

4
2
2

i
i
-

HEN

96
39
57

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
136.00
143.00
131.00

$
137 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
132.50

$
$
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 5 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

----------------------------------

75
28
47

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

119 .5 0
124 .5 0
116 .5 0

121 .0 0
1 2 3.00
1 1 9.50

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

35
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

131 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0
137 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------

106
41
65
25

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
88 .5 0
91.5 0

8 7 .5 0
90.5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

7 7 .0 0 - 94.0 0
6 8 .0 0 - 93.0 0
7 7 .5 0 - 96.5 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

“

TAB U LATIN G -M AC H IN E O PERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------------------

30

3 9 .0

108.50

109 .0 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

-

46
31

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

84.50
86.0 0

8 5 .0 0
88 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

4
4

81
25
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
91.0 0

90.0 0
1 0 0.00
89.5 0

8 6 .5 0 - 98.5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 - 96 .0 0

158
70
88
40

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

123 .5 0
122.50
124 .0 0
130.50

1 2 2.00
1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 4.00

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

340
69
271

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

97.0 0
95.5 0
97.5 0

9 6 .0 0
93.5 0
97.0 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

3 8 .5
3 7 .5

10 5 .0 0
1 0 5.00

1 0 6.00
1 0 4 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

8 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

85 .5 0
80.5 0

7 8 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 -

CLERKS,

ACCO U NTING ,

CLASS

A

---------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------CLERKS,

ACCO U NTING ,

M ANUFACTURING

NONMANUFACTURING

O FFICE

BO YS

CLASS

B

---------------

-----------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L IC

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

5
5

_

-

-

_

-

-

4
4
_

-

-

-

2
2

9
4
5

7
3
4

8
1
7

13
7
6

3
2
1

2
2

11
5
6

8
2
6

3
2
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

-

-

i
“

2
2

4
4

7
7

-

“

8
8

n
9

1
1

_

_

_

-

*

-

i
i

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

8
i
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

_

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

4
4

-

-

-

7
7
~

21
3
18
11

10
2
8
3

7
1
6
4

29
21
8

-

2

3

-

-

8

4
4

8
8

9
i
8

1

~

16
2

10
10

6
5

4
4

9
4
5

31
6
25

9
9

17
3
14

10
9
i

3
3

_

-

1

-

2

6

-

-

7

“

1

“

2
2

“

“

_

i

_

WOMEN
B I L L E R S , M A C H IN E ( B O O K K E E P IN G
M A C H I N E ) --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
B O O KK E E PIN G -M AC H IN E

---------------------------------OPERATORS,

C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------CLERKS,

AC CO U NTING ,

CLASS

A

---------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

----------------------------------

48
26

C LER K S, F I L E , CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

B ---------------------------------------------------------------

174
101

CLERKS,

C

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

91.0 0
9 4 .0 0

A

------------------------------

8 9 .5 0
86.0 0

_

_

-

“

-

-

-

-

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

_
-

_

_

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
10
10
*

14
7
7
2

8
i
7
“

21
20
1
“

45
8
37
23

12
4
8
6

7
3
4
“

7
6
1
“

12
5
7
5

9
6
3
3

3
3
i

4
4

50
50

29
2
27

42
22
20

38
10
28

36
8
28

40
4
36

23
7
16

40
5
35

16
5
11

4
2
2

2
2

3
3

3
3

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

6
6

11
8

28
9

1
1

-

-

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

-

34
26

54
15

25
11

2
1

10

_

-

1

-

_

-

-

_

2
2
-

3
2
1
~

3
1
2
2

7
7

i

i
-

_
“

~
-

_
“

“

-

16
16

i

17
17

16
15

-----------------------------

46

3 8 .0

81.0 0

79.0 0

7 7 .0 0 -

88.0 0

-

-

-

30

3

4

7

1

65

9 3 .5 0
90.5 0

9 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 8 6 .5 0 -

9 7 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

_

-

-

-

11
11

12
12

26
26

-

6
6

3
“

6
2

-

57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

157
85
72
32

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 0 2.00
1 0 1.00
10 3 .0 0
1 1 2.00

101 .5 0
1 0 0 . 50
10 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
9 0 . 0 0 - 1 1 2 . 0C
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

_

16
10
6
3

19
7
12
1

19
13
6
3

10
7
3
2

29
18
11
1

10
3
7
2

19
6
13
10

3
3
-

-

-

~

-

1

C L E R K S , O R D E R -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

-

~

F IL E ,

P U B L IC

CLASS

U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




-

~
-

4

2
2

~

"

3
2
1
1

~

9
8
i
“

7

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y , , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 )
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

Number
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

woikere

$
(standard)

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range2

-

$

KEYPUNCH O PE RA TO R S ,
NONMANUFACTURING

C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

85

90

95

100

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

----------------------------------

72

3 7 .0
3 7 .0

$
1 0 4.00
105 .0 0

100.00

$
$
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

173
62

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

112.00 112.00
112.00 111.00

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

_

247
95
152

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0
98.5 0
93.0 0

9 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

_
-

7 7 .5 0 8 2 .5 0 7 7 .0 0 -

2
2

88

$
1 0 0.50

2
2

-

5

3
3

33
32

11

_

1
1

4

11
2

20

50
23
27

23
19
4

25
18
7

29

27

*
-

-

~
-

1

-

"
-

1

23

2
21

14
7
7

~

_
-

4
-

-

12

20

-

-

-

7
7
7

_

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 8.50
1 3 0.00
1 4 3.50

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 9.00
14 6 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

80
42

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

145.00
141.00

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 1.00

1 4 8 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

_

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------

314
124
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

137.50
140.00
1 5 1.50

137 .5 0
1 3 8.50
1 4 9 .5 0

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

685
256

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

128.00
1 2 9.50

1 2 5 .5 0
127 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

_

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

244
138
106

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

114.50
114.00
115 .0 0

113 .0 0
113.00
112 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

_
-

-

4
4
-

_
“

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

102 .5 0
1 02.50
103 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

2

10

*

-

8
8

122.00

103 .0 0
108 .5 0
100 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0

-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------

505
150
355
67

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

373
133

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 16.00
115 .0 0

117.00
1 1 6 .5 0

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
112. 0 0 - 1 2 0 . 0 0

_

_

40

3 9 .5

111.00

1 1 6.50

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

-

-

_

_

5

2

_
-

_
_

4
-

2

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

_

4

6
1

-

20

15
13

-

4

80
37

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

94 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

_

_

“

-

-

164
73
43

3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

1 04.50
9 8 .0 0
89.5 0

1 1 1 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

_

_

-

1 0 2.50
87.5 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




-

1

-

~

4

1

2
2

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

----------------------------------

2

2

17
17

98.0 0
99.5 0
97.0 0

A -----------------------------------------

6

1

98.0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

51
13
38

4

95.0 0

OPERATORS,

24
5
19

4

100.00

G E N E R A L -----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

“

7
7

-

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

-

8
8

4
4

119
63
56

*

-

-

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------T R A N S CR IBIN G -M A CH INE

-

2

----------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

--------

-

4

-

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 99.0 0

B

10
1

4

-

95.0 0
9 4 .5 0

CLASS

15
-

-

-

95.0 0
93.0 0

P U B LIC

$

120

120

20
20

110

110

115

$

t

$

$

$

*

$

$

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

125

130

1 35

140

150

160

170

180

over

3

7

5
3

2
2

3
3

3
3

“

“

“

~
“

”

3
”

8

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

~

~

99
52
23

11
10

16

25

16
15

92

20

7
5

6
2

3

15

29

1

2

11

4

27

53
31

62
36

11

2

“

1

~

2

1
1
“

9

2

“

-

10
2
-

6

2

2

-

4
-

~

3
3

4
-

4
4

4

6

35
19

287
60
3

226
90
3

46

274
83
17

“

1
1

3
3

4

7
7

7
7

~

12
2

7
~

-

-

-

3

-

5
15

2
2

3

10
10
10

12
11
11

1

2
17

11

6
2

7

19

13

3
4

11
8

94

36
9
27

11

83
“

6
17
13

4

14
9

33
15
18

35
-

65
16
49
“

47

12

6

21
16
4

21

44
26

65
45

17
7

3

15
14

-

3

10

24

4

13

1
12

“

-

-

2
2

-

~

“

-

2

2
1
1
1

3

-

2

17

16

18

5

14

i

2

86

16

17

7

3

60
26
9

4
12

16

3

6

4
“

37
37
37

279
53

15
15

10

6
2

9

9

6

9

32
28

2

2

3

-

3

17

4

2

-

15
14

19
19

3
3

4

28
14
14

12
12

20

2
1

14

3

1
1

12
12

15

2
2
16
14

9

10
7
7

~

9

-

10
-

10
6

11

205
54

47
24
23

11
6

11
1

4

3

2
1
1

28
17
5

4

198

66

21
20

12

10

263
47

6

32

48
17

1
1

14
13

2
2

8

2
2

6

99

66
2
2

5

4

"
_

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

OPERATORS,

CLASS

$
115

1 05

1

“

*

83
71

T YPIS TS ,

$

15
14

1 ,3 2 3
528
129

---------

8

32

2

25
7
18

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 - ---------------------------------------------------

A

40

21

82.5 0
88 .5 0
80 .0 0

CLASS

27
3
24

21

8 2 .0 0
85 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

OPERATORS,

1
1

4
i
3

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

8 8 .0 0
92.5 0
8 4 .0 0

1

3

86
33
53

S W IT C H B O A R D

$

80

---------------------------------------------------

S W IT C H B O A R D

*

75

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

G IRLS

*

S

70

C O NTINUED

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

O FFICE

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f—

*

t

65

an d
under
65

WOMEN

t

$
60

weekly

9

22
1

2

4

7

i

6

“

9

3

9
9

i

2
1
1

1

-

1

“
-

~
”

9

3
3

2

4

-

2

-

-

-

-

9
9

2

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

10

4

7

-

3

4

2

18
16
4

1
1

9
7

-

2

-

1

~

~

_
-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

“

“

”

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

3
3
75

1

-

-

-

~

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y di v i si o n , Albany— ch en e ct a d y — r o y , N. Y. , F e b r u a r y 1970)
S
T

1 S t a n d a r d h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e we e kl y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s c o m p ut e d f o r e a c h jo b by to ta li ng the e a r n i n g s of a ll w o r k e r s and divid ing by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s po s it i o n — h alf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a t e shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the ra t e shown.
The m i dd le ra n g e i s defined by 2 r a t e s of pay; a f o ur t h of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a fo ur th e a r n m o r e than
the h ig h e r r a t e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er public u t i l i t i e s .
4 May in clu de w o r k e r s o th er than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , Albany— ch e n e ct a d y — r o y , N. Y. , F e b r u a r y 1970)
S
T
Weekly earning^™™"
(standard)

Sex,

o ccu p atio n ,

and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
woikere

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t -tim e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—

*

Average

[standard)

Mean2

Median2

Middle range2

$

%
1 0 0

1 05

1 1 5

$

$

$

t
1 1 0

1 2 0

12 5

$
1 30

$
1 3 5

$

$
14 0

14 5

$

$
1 5 0

15 5

*
16 0

*

s
1 6 5

17 0

$

s
17 5

18 0

and
under

1 8 5

and

1 05

1 1 0

1 1 5

1 2 0

12 5

13 0

1 3 5

1 4 0

14 5

15 0

1 5 5

1 60

4

1 6 5

17 0

17 5

1 8 0

185

over

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 5 7

4 0 . 0

1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 1 .5 0 - 1 3 9 . 5 0

3

4

9

11

38

31

3

21

12

2

63

3 9 .5

1 3 8 .5 0

1 3 5 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0 - 1 4 4 . 5 0

2

1

1

2

17

6

2

8

10

1

4 9

3 9 .5

1 2 2 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 4 7 . 0 0

2 0

-

-

-

9

i

1

-

-

17

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------

4 2

3 9 . 5

1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 - 1 3 9 . 0 0

-

-

1

1

5

5

-

25

-

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

4 7

3 9 .5

1 4 3 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0 - 1 5 4 . 5 0

-

_

4

1

1

7

1

7

37

3 9 . 5

1 4 0 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0

1 2 8 . 0 0 - 1 5 2 . 5 0

1

7

1

7

3
3

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------

3

11

2

10

2

“

2

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

3

4
4

-

_

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

3
3

10

2

1
1

1

W EN
OM

4

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e
e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e wee kl y h o u r s .
2 F o r defini tio n of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .




of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at

5

regular

and/or

premium

rat^s),

and the

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 )
Average

A verag e

O ccu pa ti on and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

W eekly

W eekly

h ou r s 1
[ sta nd ar d)

50

3 8 .5

$
8 6 .0 0

35

3 7 .5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

Number
of

ear nings 1
(standard)

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

81

3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0

25

3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------

2 5 4

3 9 . 0

1 2 8 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B - MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS C -------------

10 9

3 9 .5

40.0
39.5

3 8 .5

1 2 7 .0 0

57

3 8 .5

1 3 5 .5 0

4 1 5

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 4 .0 0

3 1 8

3 8 . 0

1 0 0 .0 0

55

3 8 .5

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

29

3 8 . 0

18 3

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 9 .5 0

4 6

3 8 .0

8 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

88

3 9 .5

1 0 2 .5 0

27

3 9 .5

1 2 3 .5 0

61

3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------

19 2

3 9 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

11 6

3 9 . 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING -

1

1 0 9 .0 0

76

3 9 .0

1 0 4 .0 0

3 4

3 8 .0

1 1 4 .0 0

88

3 7 .0

1 0 4 .0 0

72

3 7 .0

1 0 5 .0 0




$

----------

40

39.5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

83
71

39.5
39.5

95.00
93.00

119
63
56

38.5
39.0
38.0

98.00
100.00
95.00

88

38.0

97.50

80
37

37.5
37.0

94.00
95.00

170
74
43

39.0
38.0
36.5

104.50
98.00
89.50

336
31
305

37.5
39.5
37.5

92.00
94.00
91.50

1 1 1 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ---

192
74
118

38.5
39.5
38.0

SECRETARIES3 -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -

1,327
531
132

39.5
39.0
38.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —

80
42

39.5
39.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---

31 4
124
32

39.5
39.0
38.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 —

688
259
70

39.5
39.0
38.0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

245
139
106

38.5
39.0
38.0

95.00
98.50
9 3 . CO SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------84.50
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------84.50
8 4 . 5 0 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------------129.00
1 3 0 . 0 0 TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
143.50
GENERAL --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------145.00
1 4 1 . 0 0 T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------137.50
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------------------------140.00
1 5 1 . 5 0 T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------128.00
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------129.50
142.50
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
114.50
1 1 4 . 5 0 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------------115.00
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

48

40.0

167.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---

52 4
150
374

1 0 2 . 5 0 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------------------102.50
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------103.00
1 2 2 . 0 0 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------------------------

199
80

40.0
39.5

133.50
139.00

68

38.5
40.0
38.0
38.0

54

39.5

121.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --NONMANUFACTURING -------

38 0
133

39.5
39.0

1 1 6 . 0 0 NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------115.00
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------

52
42

39.5
39.5

144.00
142.00

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e iv e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o th e r pu b lic u t i li t ie s .
M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly .

2
3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A

38.5
39.0
38.5

8 4 .5 0

101

$
115.50
120.50

248
95
153

1 0 1 .0 0

97

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard).

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

1 3 0 .0 0

14 5

Weekly
hours l
(standard]

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
196
84

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

9 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

Number
of

O ccu pa ti on and in du s tr y d iv i si o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

5 6

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

8 8 .0 0

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

O ccu pa ti on and in d u s tr y di v i si o n

their re g u la r

straig h t-tim e

salaries

(exclu siv e of

pay

for

o v ertim e

at

regular

an d /or

prem ium

r a t e s ) , and t h e earning:

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 )
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings *

Median 2

$
3 .1 0

$
3.

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 . 30

~

-

$
4 . 10
4 .1 0

$
4 .3 1
4 .3 2

$
3 .7 2 3 .7 5 -

$
4 .3 8
4 .3 7

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

318
290
28

4 .2 2
4 .2 0
4 .3 4

4 .3 2
4 .3 2
4 .3 5

4 .0 7 4 .0 7 4 .1 5 -

4 .3 8
4 .3 7
4 .4 0

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

101

3 .6 8
3 .7 2

3 .7 2
3 .7 8

3 .4 6 3 .5 2 -

4 .0 5
4 .0 6

3

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

119

3 .2 6
3 .2 4

3 .2 8
3 .2 9

2 .7 9 2 .7 8 -

3 .4 9
3 .4 9

_

_
-

2
2

-

"

-

-

5
5

_
-

~

-

_

-

-

3
3

13
13

4 .2 6
4 .2 6

3 .7 3 3 .7 2 -

4 .3 5
4 .3 5

274
72

3
3
3
3

.8 6
.8 7
.8 6
.8 6

3 .8 7
3 .7 5
3 .8 8
3 .8 8

3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4

3.4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 C

3 .9 0

3

9
4

2
2

-

9
9

12
10
2

4
4
~

4
4

3

10
-

15
15

5
5

17
13

4
4

3 .7 3
3 .7 4

3 .8 6
3 .8 7

3 .3 1 3 .2 9 -

4 .1 2
4 .1 3

-

.4 9 .4 5 .6 4 .6 3 -

-

6
6

2
2

1
1

_

2

t
3 .9 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .1 0

4 .2 0

S
4 .3 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

t
5 .0 0

*
5 .2 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 *20

over

3

-

36
36

4
4

3
-

7
3

145
130
15

7
7

4
-

17
17

4

-

10
38

%

_

“

-

*

21
21

21
21

5
5

36
36

-

-

13

18
18
-

-

-

39
3
36
36
4

7
7

-

-

_
-

*

-

21
2

4

4
4

4
4

6
6

4
4

2
2

6
2

28
28

_

22
1
21
21

27
24
3

-

2

i
i

17
17

27
27

-

-

26
18

_

11
11

_

-

-

_

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

-

7
4

3
3

25
25

7
7

75
63

123
123

1
1

5

-

7
7

28
28

23
5
18
18

24
24

19
5
14

53

4

20

-

5
15
15

16
9

51
51

1
1

20
20

48
48

18
18

2
2

_

20
20

_

_

26

-

-

2
2

_

-

10
10

_

4
4
15
15

22
22

6

23

8
2

-

12

12

3
1

2

_

61

_

1
1

~

“
78

10

_

1

_

-

1J

.0
.2
.0
.0

8
6
7
8

_

2
2

"

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

101

4 .1 8
4 .1 5

4 .2 6
4 .2 6

3 .9 5 3 .9 3 -

4 .3 6
4 .3 6

_

85

O I L E R S -----— —
-------- —
---------- -----— — ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

78
78

3 .2 1
3 .2 1

3 .1 0
3 .1 0

2 .9 4 2 .9 4 -

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

10
10

3
3

-

17
17

10
10

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

109
94

3 .7 5
3 .7 3

3 .8 1
3 .8 0

3 .3 7 3 .3 7 -

3 .8 9
3 .8 7

_

-

_

_

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

308
271

4 .0 5
4 .0 0

4 .1 9
4 .0 3

3 .7 3 3 .7 1 -

4 .3 5
4 .3 4

_

_

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

56
42

4 .0 5
4 .1 4

4 .2 4
4 .3 1

3 .6 8 3 .7 6 -

4 .3 5
4 .3 7

_

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p ay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s,
F o r d efin ition of t e r m s , se e footn ote 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




$
3 .8 0

12
12

4

220
209

S
3 .7 0

-

9
9

33
33

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1
2
3

_

J . l l

4 .1 2
4 .1 1

166

$
3 .6 0

-

->• I V

393
373

202

*
3 .5 0

14

3

11

-

J. 1

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
{MAINTENANCE! -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------

s
3 .4 0

6
6

“

NONMANUFACTURING:
MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

-

-

-» ,

241

20

2

94
72

102

(
3 .0 0

Under
and
Middle range 2 *
. 70 u n d e r

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

77

*
2 .9 0

o
o

Mean 2

*
2 .8 0

$
3 .3 0

-

$
2 .7 0

2 .8 0

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
woikers

1*
14

10
10

2
2

4
4

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

h o lid ay s,

-

and

late

25
25

12
12

7
7

13
13

3
3

5
5

4
4

3

21
20

-

-

16
16

12
11

-

3
3

~
-

7

*

-

-

6

-

sh ifts.

-

-

_

6
6

-

-

_

2
2

-

-

-

_
“

3
3

2
1

_

15
15

1
1

2
2

20
20

_

13
3

13
13

1
1

54
54

6
6

11

-

10

6

47
39

-

-

35
35

_

8

-

-

17
17

1
1

6
6

_

i
i

-

2
2

2
2

-

18
-

1

12
12

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
16

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

26
26

_

-

13

_

-

-

11

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

2
-

3
3

_

-

4
4

12

7
3

Ill

1

-

76

-

4
4

9
9

20
20

_

_

3
3

5
5
_

1 0

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 7 0 )
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings

%
M ean1

M edia n 3

M id dle range 3

$

$

$

t

$

t

$

$

$

$

*

*

$

$

$

$

$

»

$

$

s

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 7 0

2 .8 0

2 . 9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 . 0 0

4 . 2 0

1 .7 0

O cc u p atio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

$

1 .6 0

Number

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 . 2 0

o v e r

6 5

13 6

32

14

12

-

an d

an d

u n d e r

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------JA NITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------JA NITORS, PURTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMENI --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

5 9 2

1 . 3 7

1 .3 0

f • 7 6 —

3 .0 8

66

_

9

9

12

18

2

25

26

25

15

98

8

Hi

2 6 2

2 .8 0

3 .0 1

2 . 4 0 -

3 .2 4

-

14

22

-

8

7

4

10

17

3

8

1

12

2 4

25

12

73

8

8

4
-

33 0

2 .0 3

1 .7 8

1 . 7 1 -

2 .3 8

65

12 2

4 4

"

i

2

8

8

15

11

4

1

13

2

~

3

25

“

2

4

15 8

2 . 9 4

3 .1 5

2 . 9 1 -

3 .2 6

-

14

-

-

7

-

-

-

9

-

-

l

6

2 4

13

12

57

8

1

-

2 .5 2

2 . 1 5 -

3 .0 8

-

-

22

-

1

7

4

10

8

3

8

-

6

-

12

-

16

-

7

-

-

-

-

2 . 5 2

2 .4 6

2 . 1 8 -

2 .8 7

11

4 0

33

59

61

16

16 0

16

55

53

35

75

2

4 2

7 9

28

i i

14

_

_

_

_

4 1 0

2 . 5 6

2 .5 7

2 . 3 1 -

2 .8 4

20

31

29

2

62

11

48

31

31

60

~

25

2

8

7

-

-

13

28

32

14

98

5

7

22

4

15

2

16

54

2 6

3

7

-

-

-

"

“

~

“

2

1

6

2

9

1

15

50

22

“

1

“

“

4

6

9

1

9

5

12

12
-

39 2

2 .4 8

2 .3 6

2 . 1 4 -

3 .0 5

6

28

12

10 9

3 . 0 6

3 . 14

3 . 0 4 -

3 .1 9

”

“

“

2 5 5

2 .3 0

2 .3 8

1 . 9 5 -

2 .6 5

15

4

8

82

1 6 0

2 .1 2

1 .9 7

1 . 9 2 -

2 .3 4

15

-

8

80

78 5

3 .C 6

3 .0 6

2 . 5 6 -

3 .5 6

-

4

10

4 8

_

79

2

1

2

1

24

25

10

48

34

-

26

36

79

65

17

83

18

27

72
7

19

17
~

5

18

4 6

78

9

_

”

5

4

-

28

17

2 . 4 8 -

3 .1 7

-

-

3

26

8

-

3 .6 4

-

8

4

7

22

16

10
~

29

3 . 0 2 -

17
8

44

3 .2 8

4

5

-

26
-

_

_

_

i

7

15

15

_

18

-

i

4

4

8
-

30

-

14
-

10

7

“

14

3

i i

8

20

8

~

i i

3

2

4

7
-

-

11

48

-

11

*

“
10

3 . 5 5 -

3 .8 7

2 . 4 9 -

3 .6 1

112

3 . 1 9

3 .1 5

2 . 7 3 -

3 .2 9

1 74

3 .0 6

3 .4 3

2 . 4 4 -

3 .6 4

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 23

2 . 7 9

2 .9 3

2 . 5 5 -

2 .9 9

-

-

_

9 6

2 .8 9

2 .9 5

2 . 8 9 -

3 .0 0

-

-

-

27

2 .4 2

2 .3 6

2 . 2 2 -

2 .6 4

“

“

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 3 6

2 .9 9

3 .0 9

2 . 6 5 -

3 .2 1

_

-

_

-

-

-

5

11

4

2

2

3

-

5

“

5

1

~

7

4

12

5

5

~

-

3

-

4

_

4

5

-

2 4

-

4

3

2
-

14

3

1
-

11

7

2

1

2

_

13

12

1

3

2 .9 3

3 .0 2

2 . 8 1 -

3 .1 9

-

-

-

-

3 .3 1

3 . 19

3 . 0 5 -

3 .5 8

“

“

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

64

2 .9 2

3 .1 1

2 . 6 3 -

3 .2 6

-

-

-

_

-

4

“

4

-

-

5

5

10
-

3

5

5

10




3 .2 2

3 . 0 8 -

3 .2 7

3 . 1 6 -

3 .9 8

15

5
-

59

3 .9 2

_

12

4 6

3 .0 8

8

7

-

“

-

166

3 .4 2

3 . 0 5 -

3 .6 4

8 4 8

3 .7 0

3 .9 4

3 . 2 8 -

3 .9 9

4 4 3

3 .9 3

3 .9 5

3 . 9 2 -

2 .4 8

2 .6 2

2 . 0 5 -

2 . 7 8

-

-

5

_

_

_

-

~

5
~

“

“

3 .9 8

40

4

14

3 5 3

3 .5 2

3 .3 6

3 . 0 6 -

3 .9 4

57

3 .6 0

3 .3 3

2 . 9 9 -

3 .5 1

3 .5 3

3 . 0 6 -

3 .9 4

36 1

3 .8 7

3 .9 9

3 . 9 2 -

4 . 0 7

3 5 2

3 .8 9

3 .9 9

3 . 9 3 -

4 . 0 7

15 7

3 . 9 6

3 .9 6

3 . 9 3 -

3 .9 9

-

~

-

10

-

_

_
-

7

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

32

8

_

_

_

_

1

28

6

-

n
i

-

9

-

-

14

4

2

-

10

-

6

13

-

9

14

_

_

_
-

6

“

2

5

21

2

7

3
i i

15

12

-

-

3

-

-

9

-

i

i

_

-

_

_

8

“

3

“

1

3

5

21

1

2

-

i

-

-

3

-

-

-

14

6

12

12

1 6 4

33

37

30

38

4 1 1

14 6

44

3
~

2

6

12

2 4

19

~

12

-

12
-

8

-

1 5 6

9

18

2

-

-

3

-

_

3

_

_

-

3

-

12

-

5

-

4
4

_

_

2

6

_

-

-

2

6

-

3 0

41
-

9

12

10

41

22

4 0 2

134

34

”

-

i

3 .3 9

2 9 6

~

-

-

5

3 .2 7

7
7
-

4

3

_

13

8

9

-

3

“

2

_

9

“

4

3 .4 2

13

48

1

2 . 8 5 -

-

3

-

_

5
-

3 .0 8

-

_

_

-

3 . 10

62

59

_

7

1 05

-

4 9

_

2

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

-

9

“

-

-

8

“

3 .2 3

-

62

8

11

3 .1 9

16

50

-

_

50

5

2 . 6 2 -

45

49

-

2 . 8 9 -

78

_

5

3 .1 5

95

17

2

2 .8 8

70
-

”

-

2

3 .0 8

-

28

4
“

2

i

_

-

-

2

2 .9 1

3 . 6 6

“

2
-

75

41

5

_

-

1

“

5
-

61

1 ,0 1 4

7

9

_

43

1

23

2 .9 1

-

70

23

4

3 .2 1

-

-

1

4

2 .9 1

3 .8 1

_

15
15

3 8 9

3 . 19

_

1

3 9 6

3 . 11

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .

26

1

8
~

3 .6 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

-

2 .5 8

114

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

6

-

10 4

2 8 6

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------

-

6
”

8 0 2

ORDER F I LL ER S ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------

6

“

33

“

3 7 9

30

-

-

2

-

-

28
-

-

1 2 0
-

_

3

-

116

1
-

25

25

7

2 5

11 6

4

-

1

18

40

7

4 0

4

2
-

'

16

28

-

18

12 0

10
8

_

4

2

142

1 3 4

26

-

4

2

1 42

1 3 4

26

"

1 2 7

30

~

"

"

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , A lban y — c h e n e c ta d y — ro y , N. Y . , F e b r u a r y 1970)
S
T
H ou rly earnings

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho url y e a r n in g s of—

2
$

of
woikers

M ean *

M edian

3

M id d le range

3

$

s

i

$

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

$
$
2 . 20 2 . 3 0

1.70

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

$

1.60

1.80

1.90 2.00

2.10

2.20

2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0

_

_

-

-

$

(
2.60

$

t

3 .10 3.20

$
3.30

i

2.80 2.90

t
3.00

%

2.70

3.40

3.60

s
*
3.80 4 .0 0

3
4.20

2.70

2.80

2.90 3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.60 3.80 4.00 4 .2 0

over

“

t

2.40 2.50

~

“

12
12

7
7

6

141
83
58

104
55
49

4
4

6
6

26

39

2

i

i

i

and
u nde r
2.60

TRUCKDRIVERS5 - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TVPEI -----------TRUCKERS, POWER (FOR KLI FT! ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

$
3.68

$
3.66

$
$
3 .6 1 - 3.85

406
25 9
147

3.21
3 . 19

3.11
3.09

3 .04- 3.37
3 .0 2 - 3.32

J * 13

3 .U O

77

3.09

3.11

3 .0 4 - 3.16

67

~

“

-

-

-

“

-

-

”

9
9

1
1

1
1

1
1

6

8

15
15

34

5

18
-

18

8

12

29
7
22

35
35

17
17

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
MANUFACTURING

1
2
3
4
5

-------------------------------------------------

D ata lim ite d to m en w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - 1.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type of tr u c k o p e r a te d .




7

18
1

2

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y no t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by h and.

CLERK,

CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s no t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s no t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d o n a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t in g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
A C C O U N T IN G

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk in v o l v e s p o s tin g an d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; an d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s an d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f il e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s _o r ~ p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s t;he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s an d c r e d it s l ip s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

12

13
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R --- C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n ch m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BOY OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SECRETA RY
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l an d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
.Not a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o no t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s no t f u lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
an d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s it i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

of

b. S e c re ta ry
to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; £ r
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; _or
b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k , ( S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
a m a jo r
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
C la ss B
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
a ll , fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e no t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
c. S e c r e ta ry
to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
t i o n s , e t c .) o r ~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
e m p lo y e e s; o r
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
c. S e c r e ta ry
to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




14
SW ITCH BOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

TA B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — Continued

In add ition to p e rfo rm in g d u ties of o p e ra to r on a sin g le -p o sitio n or m o n ito r-ty p e sw itc h ­
b o a rd , a c ts a s re c e p tio n ist and m a y a ls o type o r p e r fo r m rou tin e c le r ic a l w ork a s p a rt of r e g u la r
d u tie s. T h is typing o r c l e r ic a l w ork m a y tak e the m a jo r p a rt of th is w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itch b o ard .

C la s s C . O p e r a te s sim p le tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l acco u n tin g m a ch in es su ch a s the
s o r t e r , rep ro d u cin g punch, c o lla to r , e t c ., with s p e c ific in str u c tio n s. M ay include sim p le
w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s and so m e filin g w ork . The w ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv es p o rtio n s of a w ork
un it, fo r e x a m p le , in div idu al so rtin g o r c o llatin g ru n s o r re p e titiv e o p e ra tio n s.
T R A N SC R IBIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e ra te s a v a r ie ty of tab u latin g or e le c t r ic a l acco u n tin g m a c h in e s, ty p ic a lly
in cludin g su ch m a ch in es a s the ta b u la to r, c a lc u la to r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o lla to r , and o th e r s.
P e r fo r m s com p lete re p o rtin g a ssig n m e n ts w ithout c lo se s u p e r v isio n , and p e r fo r m s d iffic u lt
w irin g a s r e q u ire d . The com p lete re p o rtin g and tab u latin g a ssig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly involve a
v a r ie t y of long and co m p lex r e p o r ts w hich often a r e of ir r e g u la r o r n o n re cu rrin g type r e ­
q u irin g so m e planning and seq u en cin g of st e p s to be tak en . A s a m o re e x p e rie n c e d o p e r a to r ,
is ty p ic a lly in volved in tra in in g new o p e r a to r s in m ach in e o p e r a tio n s, or p a r tia lly tra in e d
o p e r a to r s in w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s and o p e ratin g se q u e n c e s of long and co m p lex r e p o r ts .
D oes not include w orkin g s u p e r v is o r s p e rfo rm in g tab u latin g -m ac h in e o p e ra tio n s and d ay -to day s u p e rv isio n of the w ork and p ro d u ctio n of a gro u p of ta b u latin g -m ac h in e o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . O p e ra te s m o re d iffic u lt tab u latin g o r e le c t r ic a l accou n tin g m a ch in es su ch a s the
ta b u lato r and c a lc u la to r , in add ition to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o lla to r . T h is w ork is
p e rfo rm e d under s p e c if ic in stru c tio n s and m ay in clu de the p e rfo rm a n c e of so m e w irin g fro m
d ia g r a m s . The w ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s, fo r e x a m p le , tab u latio n s involving a r e p e titiv e
accou n tin g e x e r c is e , a com p lete but s m a ll tab u latin g stu dy, o r p a r ts of a lo n g er and m o re
co m p lex re p o rt. Such r e p o r ts and stu d ie s a r e u su a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n atu re w here the p r o ­
c e d u re s a r e w ell e sta b lis h e d . M ay a ls o in clu de the tra in in g of new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic
o p eratio n of the m ach in e.

P r im a r y duty is to t r a n s c r ib e d ictatio n involving a n o rm al rou tin e v o c a b u la ry fro m
t r a n sc r ib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o type fro m w ritten copy and do sim p le c l e r ic a l w ork.
W o rk ers t r a n s c r ib in g d ictatio n involving a v a r ie d tech n ical o r sp e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s le g a l
b r ie fs o r r e p o r ts on sc ie n tific r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu ded . A w o rk er who ta k e s d ictatio n in sh o r t­
hand o r by Stenotype or s im ila r m ach in e is c l a s s if i e d a s a ste n o g r a p h e r , g e n e ra l.
T Y P IS T
U se s a ty p e w rite r to m ak e c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a te r ia l or to m ake out b ills a fte r c a lc u la ­
tio n s have been m ade by another p e r so n . M ay include typing of s t e n c il s , m a ts , or s im ila r m a te ­
r ia l s fo r u se in d u p licatin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c le r ic a l w ork involving little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
a s k eeping sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , or so r tin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r fo r m s one or m o re of the fo llo w in g: Typin g m a te r ia l in fin a l fo rm when it
in v o lv es com bin in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e sp o n sib ility fo r c o r r e c t sp e llin g ,
sy lla b ic a tio n , punctuation , e t c ., of te ch n ical o r u n u su al w o rd s o r fo r e ig n lan g u age m a te r ia l;
and planning layout and typin g of co m p lic ate d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m ain tain u n ifo rm ity and
b ala n ce in sp acin g . M ay type rou tin e fo r m le t t e r s v ary in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m sta n c e s.
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s one or m o re of the follow in g: C opy typing fro m ro u gh or c le a r d r a fts;
rou tin e typing of fo r m s , in su ra n c e p o lic ie s , e t c .; and se ttin g up sim p le sta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s,
or copying m o re co m p lex t a b le s a lr e a d y setu p and sp a c e d p ro p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A FTSM A N --- Continued

D RA FTSM A N
C la s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p re se n ta tio n of co m p lex ite m s having d istin c tiv e d e sig n
fe a t u r e s that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m e s ta b lis h e d d raftin g p r e c e d e n ts. W orks in c lo se su p ­
p o rt w ith the d e sig n o r ig in a to r , and m ay rec om m e n d m in o r d e sig n c h a n g e s. A n aly z e s the
e ffe c t of each change on the d e ta ils of fo r m , fu n ction , and p o sitio n a l r e la tio n sh ip s of co m ­
ponents and p a r t s . W orks w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v is o r y a s s is t a n c e . C o m p leted w ork is
rev iew ed by d e sig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n siste n c y w ith p r io r en gin eerin g d e te r m in a tio n s. M ay
eith er p r e p a r e d ra w in g s, o r d ire c t th e ir p re p a ra tio n by lo w er le v e l d r a ftsm e n .
C la s s B . P e r fo r m s n onroutine and co m p lex d raftin g a ssig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p li­
catio n of m o st of the sta n d a rd iz e d draw in g tech n iq u es r e g u la r ly u se d . D u ties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su ch w ork a s : P r e p a r e s w ork in g d raw in g s of s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r sh a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n ctio n s, and p r e c is e p o sitio n a l r e la tio n sh ip s betw een co m p o n en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
te c t u r a l d raw in gs fo r c o n stru ctio n of a bu ild in g includin g d e ta il d raw in gs of fo u n d atio n s, w all
s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s , and ro o f. U se s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m akin g n e c e s s a r y
com p u tation s to d ete rm in e q u an titie s of m a t e r ia ls to be u se d , lo ad c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g th s,
s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s in itia l in str u c tio n s, r e q u ir e m e n ts, and ad v ice fr o m s u p e r v is o r .
C om p leted w ork is ch ecked fo r te c h n ic a l ad e q u ac y .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d raw in g s of sin g le u n its o r p a r ts fo r en g in e e rin g , c o n stru ctio n ,
m a n u factu rin g , or r e p a ir p u rp o s e s . T y p es of d raw in g s p r e p a r e d in clu de is o m e tr ic p r o je c tio n s
(d epictin g th re e d im e n sio n s in a c c u r a te sc a le ) and se c tio n a l v iew s to c la r ify p o sitio n in g of

com ponen ts and con vey n eeded in fo rm atio n . C o n so lid a te s d e ta ils fro m a n um ber of s o u r c e s
and a d ju st s or t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e ste d m eth ods of a p p ro a c h , ap p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n ts, and ad v ice on so u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e giv en w ith in itia l a ss ig n m e n t s . In stru ctio n s
a r e l e s s co m p lete when a ssig n m e n ts r e c u r . Work m ay be sp o t-ch e ck e d du rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p lan s and d raw in gs p r e p a r e d by o th e rs by p lac in g t r a c in g cloth or p a p e r o v er
d raw in g s and tr a c in g w ith pen o r p e n c il. (D oes not include tr a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r im a r ily
c o n sistin g of str a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le not r e q u irin g c lo se d elin eatio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s sim p le or re p e titiv e d raw in g s of e a s i ly v isu a liz e d it e m s .
du rin g p r o g r e s s .

Work is c lo s e ly su p e r v ise d

N U R SE , IN D U ST R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e un der g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to ill or
in ju red em p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r so n s who b eco m e ill o r su ffe r an ac cid en t on the p r e m is e s of a
fa c to r y o r oth er e sta b lis h m e n t. D u ties involve a co m b in atio n of the fo llo w in g: G ivin g f i r s t aid
to the ill o r in ju re d ; atten din g to su b seq u en t d r e s s in g of e m p lo y e e s' in ju r ie s ; keeping r e c o r d s
of p a tie n ts tr e a te d ; p r e p a r in g ac cid en t r e p o r ts fo r co m p en satio n o r oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in
p h y sic a l ex am in a tio n s and h ealth e v alu a tio n s of ap p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in volvin g h ealth ed u catio n , ac cid en t p re v e n tio n , ev alu a tio n of plan t en v iro n m en t,
o r other a c tiv itie s a ffe ctin g the h e alth , w e lfa r e , and sa fe t y o f a ll p e rso n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TEN A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TEN A N C E— Continued

P e r fo r m s the c a rp e n try d u ties n e c e s s a r y to co n stru c t and m ain tain in good r e p a ir buildin g
w oodw ork and equipm ent su ch a s b in s, c r i b s , c o u n te rs, b e n c h e s, p a r titio n s, d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s in g s , and t r im m ade of w ood in aji e sta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv es m o st of the follow in g: P la n ­
ning and lay in g out of w ork fro m b lu e p rin ts, d ra w in g s, m o d e ls, or v e r b a l in str u c tio n s u sin g a
v a r ie t y of c a r p e n te r *s h a n d too ls, p o rta b le pow er t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a su r in g in stru m e n ts;

m akin g sta n d a rd shop com p u tatio n s re la tin g to d im e n sio n s of w ork ; and se le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r the w ork. In g e n e r a l, the w ork of the m a in ten a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s roun ded t r a in ­
ing and e x p e rie n c e u su a lly ac q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv alen t train in g and
e x p e rie n c e .




15
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC ,

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t in g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to su p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s an d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i t e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u ed

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
of th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g an d la y in g o ut o f th e w o rk ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g an d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i ll w r ig h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , an d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d fo r d if f e r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r in g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; an d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l la t io n of v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g an d in s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a.nd la y in g
out a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e ls , ox o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




M A IN T E N A N C E

16
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s an d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t of w o rk f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s an d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up an d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d ed
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p an d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G U A R D AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, an d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR C L E A N E R

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; an d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s of la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

(S w e e p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s an d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; re 'm o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u pon th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e of th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a t a on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a,re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e low . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c te d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in g to n , D . C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1-------------------- -----------------------A lbany— c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , F e b . 1970--------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x. , A p r . 1969----------------------------A llen tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969___
B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1969---------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r th u r— r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1_________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, N ov. 1969-----------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1969----------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , Oct. 1969_________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
C an ton , Ohio, M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969_____________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1969--------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _______________________________
C i n c in n a ti, Ohio— y .— n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 * ________________
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1969-------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O hio, O c t. 1969 --------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1969-------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
O ct. 1969 1_______________________________________________
D ayton, Ohio , D e c . 1969____-_____ -______________ _____
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1_____________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 _____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , O ct. 1969____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1969 -------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1____________________________
H o u sto n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., Oct. 1969------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970 ______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969 ----------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1969-------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 — —------ H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1969 -------- N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1-__________ -___________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1_____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969____________________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n .— r k . , Nov. 1969 1_____________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , Nov. 1969 __________ -_____________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1970 1----------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1970 1______________

B u lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1660-51,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35
30
40
30
50
30
30
35
45
30
30
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-78,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

50
40
35
30
40
30
35
35
50

c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents

D a ta on estab lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem en tary w age provision s are a lso presented.




Area
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1969 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , Con n ., J a n . 1970 1__________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970-----------------------------------New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m ah a, N ebr.—
Iow a, S e p t . 1969________________________
P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1969 1____________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M a y 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I .— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M a y 1969 1 -------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 1969---------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1969 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, Nov. 1969 1______________________
S a n A n tonio, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C alif.,
R
O
D e c . 1969--------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , Oct. 1 9 6 9 1____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1969 1___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969________________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 1970 _____________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969_____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1969 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969_______________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1969 1_____________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h ., F e b . 1969 1_______________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t. 1969-----------------------------------------U t i c a — o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969-----------------------------------R
W a sh in g to n , D .C . —
Md.— a . , S e p t. 1 9 6 9 * _______________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1969___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, J a n . 1970 ______________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M ay 1969-----------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969____________________________________
Youngstowfi— a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1969 1________________
W

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
60 c e n t s

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 ce n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30
30
50
35
35

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1660-52,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660 —
1,
1660-19,
1625-50,
1660-45,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1660-38,

30
35
50
35
30
30
30
25
30
30
30
35
35
30
30
50
30
30
30
30
30
35

c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102