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Area Wage Survey

The Lubbock, Texas, Metropolitan Area
March 1970
lubbock

]

• Lubbock

B u lle tin

1660-50




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City,
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Area Wage Survey
The Lubbock, Texas, Metropolitan Area




M a rc h

1970

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -5 0
May 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BU REA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
G e o ffre y H . M o o re. C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price

35

cents




P r e fa c e

C ontents
Page

The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v is io n s.
It
y ie ld s d etailed data by se le c te d in d u stry d ivision fo r each
o f t h e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2 ) the s t r u c ­
tu re an d le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

A t t h e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d .
The fir st
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d in to
one b u lletin .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w hich h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s .

B.
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s bien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
L u b b o c k , T e x . , in M a r c h 1 9 7 0 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of L u b b o ck County.
T h is
s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f B o y d B .
O 'N e a l, A s s i s t a n t R e g io n al D ir e c to r fo r O p e ratio n s.




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
In d e x e s of sta n d a r d w eekly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________
O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — o m e n ___________________________________
w
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s ^ m e n ------------------A -3.
O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d --------------------------------------------A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------------A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s --------------E st a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n tary w age p r o v is io n s:
B - l . M in im u m e n tran c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en office
w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B-6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ----------------------------B-7.
M ethod of w ag e d e te r m in a tio n and fr e q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------------------

A p pen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------

areas.

iii

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r other
(See in sid e b ac k c o v e r.)

4
6
7
8
8
9
9

10
11
12
13
14
16
17
18




T h e Lubbock, Tex., M e tro p o lita n Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s con du cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and other pu b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th ese stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tip n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in clu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of t h e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r it e r ia .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., th o se h ire d to w ork a re g u la r w eekly schedule
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to t h e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to t h e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of pay
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w ee k ly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t co m p o site , areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m t h e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u ties p e r f o r m e d , altho ugh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly
w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O cc u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the jo b t it l e s a r e fo r a ll i n d u s t r ie s c o m b in ed . E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r so m e
of t h e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e of the s t u d y a n d not th e n u m b e r
actually su rv ey ed.
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the
e a rn in g s data.
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); R ochester (o ffice o cc u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and P ublic C ontracts D ivisions o f the U. S. D e­
partm ent of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( i n t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v is io n s a s they
r e l a t e to p l a n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
a s a s e p a r a te w ork fo rc e a r e excluded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e

2
w ork in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (including le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e la te d fu n ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of the o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d the p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h av e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on t h e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e o f th e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la te - sh ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o rm al r a t e s , a d iffe ren tial w as re c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed uled
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ich f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h eth er th ey w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s; and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis te d .
S u m s of in dividual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n on w o r k d d y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t
2
An establishm ent was considered as havin g a po licy if it
ditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




p a r t of th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y of v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s not i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a l e n t of 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
th o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its beyond b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
fo r this p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
if th e m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n tr ib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p l a n s , su c h a s w o r k m e n ’s c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
i n su r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b ilit y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i lit y in su r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s ,3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of th e l a w .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of th e
w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o rk b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o ta l i s show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

m et either o f the follow in g con ­
The tem porary disability laws in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
form al provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1) had o perated late
An establishm ent was considered as havin g a form al p lan if it established at least the
w ritten form for operating
m in im um number of days o f sick lea v e a v ailab le to each em ploy ee.
Such a plan need not be
w ritten, but inform al sick le a v e allo w an ces, determ in ed on an in dividu al b asis, were excluded.

3
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete o r p a r t ia l paym en t of d o c to rs ' f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e r ­
w ritte n by c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on profit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r
this p u r p o se .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
c en tiv e s y s t e m s . U n der a sin g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e is p a id
to a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
ual w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a id a b o v e o r below the s in g le r a te




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t io n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t h e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on th e
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h t h e r a n g e . In t h e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s of th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
t h e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of th e lo w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is p aid
f o r e a c h un it of o u t p u t . P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n of a j o b in l e s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e r c e n t a g e .
D ata
tab le B - 7 .

on

frequency

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

provided

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in L u b b o c k , T e x . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv is io n , 2 M a r c h 1970
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

I n d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

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S tu d ie d

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N um ber

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A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________

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136

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100

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11, 482

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N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
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W h o le s a le t r a d e
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F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e — ---S e r v i c e s 8 _______________________________________

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1 T h e L u b b o c k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f L u b b o c k C o u n ty . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f st u d y "
e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
8
T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s no t
d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s no t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




T h r e e - t e n t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e L u b b o c k a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d
s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____41
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _ 19
_
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d

C o n s t r u c t io n a n d r e l a t e d
m a c h in e r y ______________________ 15
M i s c e l l a n e o u s f o o d s an d
k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ______________ 15
F a b r ic a te d s t r u c t u r a l m e ta l

F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____10

T h is i n f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e ; i o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P : ■ o p o rtio n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le Z a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h an ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the d a t e o f the
in d e x . The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w ag e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C om pu tin g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declined b e c a u se lo w er-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t i n th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s i n the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r Z c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r t h e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r an d c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and wom en): O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)— S k ille d m ain ten ance (m en):
Carpenters
Continued
B ookkeeping-m achine
operators, class B
S ecretaries
E lectrician s
C leik s, accou n tin g, classes
M achinists
Stenographers, gen eral
A and B
Stenographers, senior
M echanics
C leik s, file , classes
Sw itchboard operators, classes
M echanics (au to m o tiv e)
A , B, and C
A and B
Painters
Pipefitters
C leik s, order
T a bu latin g-m ach in e operators,
Tool and die m ake is
C leik s, payroll
class B
Typists, classes A and B
C om p tom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
U n skilled p lan t (m en):
Industrial nurses (m en and wom en):
A and B
Jan itors, porters, and clean ers
N uises, industrial (registered)
O ffice boys and girls
Laborers, m a teria l handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6




T a b l e 2.

In d e x e s of S t a n d a rd Weekly S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o urly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c te d
O ccup ation al G r o u p s in L ubbock, T e x , , M a r c h 1970 and M a r c h 1969, and
P e r c e n t s of I n c r e a s e fo r S e l e c te d P e r i o d s
Office
clerical
(m en and
women)

P e r i od

I n d u s t r ia l
nurses
(m e n and
women)

Sk ille d
m a in te n a n c e
trades
(men)

U n sk ille d
plant
w orkers
(men)

In de xe s (Jun e 1967=100)
M a r c h 1 9 7 0 _______________________________
M a r c h 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------

114. 0
108. 5

(*)
(*>

(M
(l )

12 1 .6
113. 1

In dexes (M ay 1961 = 100)
M a r c h 1 970- ----- —
__
Ju n e 1967___

_ _

_ „
___

-------- _ -

142. 6
125. 0

n
(*)

n
(1 )

150. 5
123. 8

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
M a r c h 1969 to M a r c h 1 9 7 0 -------------------Ju n e 1968 to M a r c h 1969---------- ---------__
Ju n e 1967 to Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ______ __
June 1966 to Ju n e 1967 ___________________
Ju n e 1965 to Ju n e 1 9 6 6 ___________________
Ju n e 1964 to Ju n e 1 9 6 5 — ____ ____ ___
June 1963 to Ju n e 1 9 6 4 ___________________
Ju n e 1962 to Ju n e 1 9 6 3 ___________________
May 1961 to Ju n e 1962 ___________________
Ju n e I960 to May 1961--------------------------

5. 1
4. 2
4. 1
6. 3
2.9
3. 7
3. 8
2. 4
3. 7
3. 1

(*)
(M
(l )
(l )
(l )
(*)
(l )
(M
( )
(l )

(*)
(*)
(i )
n
( >
(l )
(*)
n
( )
(M

7. 5
2 4. 3
8. 5
6. 2
.8
4. 4
6. 0
3.9
.6
3. 1

1 D a t a do not m e e t p u b licatio n c r i t e r i a .
2 R evised estim ate.

N O T E:
P r e v i o u s l y pub lished in d e x e s for the L u b b o c k a r e a u s e d May 1961 a s the b a s e
p e r io d . Th ey c a n be c o n v e rt e d to the new b a s e p e r io d by dividing them by the c o r r e s p o n d i n g
index n u m b e r s fo r Ju n e 1967 on the M ay 1961 b a s e p e r io d a s shown in the ta b l e . (T he r e s u l t
should be m u ltip lie d by 100.)

7
A.

O ccupational Earnings

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a rc h 1970)
Weekly earning^^™
(standard)
O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
workere

Average
weekly
home1
( standard)

N um ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

60

35
115
104

$
7 "*"0

1 0 ^ *5 0

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
7 2 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0

$

$

$

75

80

85

70

75

80

85

90

1
1

8

8

KEYPUNCH OPERATORSt CLASS 0
j

L v ItL i Ais i r j

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 -

56
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0

10
10

8 0 .0 0
0 1 . • '0

7 5 . 5 0 - 8 6 .0 0

0 1 ." '0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0

31
30

8 9 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0

15
14

8 9 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 1 1 7 . 0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

105
88

'0 0
4 0 .0

28

i

$

$

$

$

95

100

105

95

100

105

110

115

120

J

2

7

21

LI/K l 1A K iL jy

LL A3 j

L

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

1

1

10
3

115

10
8

15

g

12

3
2

12

*

2
1
1

1

**

1

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -------------------------------

4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

9 1 .0 0

8
1

1

i

1

3

2

1

g

j!

8 4 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0

8 3 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0

4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0

92.

8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

32
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 -

15
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

46

17
STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------

t

130

135

125

130

135

140

g

39 5
4 0 .0

73 00
7 3 .0 0

73 0\
7 3 .0 0

7 0 .0 0 -

24
17

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

37
37

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

$

$

i

g

140

145

150

145

150

155

l
1

1

3
3

A
:

'

5

1
1

3

8

^ 0 *0

60

0

$
125

120

8
2

2
8
5

-

2
3

1

1

1

1

1
11

1

1

7

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

-

-

-

8 1 .5 0

2

2
2

7

8 1 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0
7 0 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

3
3

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0
6 5 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0

10
10

1
1

6

6

5

-

6

1
1

3

3

2

i

i

i

1
1

6

5

2
2

3
3

2
3
3

3

3

1

4

-

2

~

3

-

-

-

1

1
1

-

-

-

~

-

-

*

-

1
1

1

2

2

2
1

4
3

-

5

3

4

2

-

6

i

2

3

1
1
I

1

t9
SEC R ET A R IC jf CLAS j

t

1
1

110

'0 *0
j

$

1

90

j

'0 0
15

s

*

70

1 1 0 *0 0

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

^ 0 *0

$
T "* "0

4 0 .0

t

t

65

and
u n d er
65

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

$

$

2

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er of w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o sitio n
h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv e y e d
r e c e iv e m o r e th an the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the r a te show n.
The m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s of pay ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a
fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an the h ig h e r r a te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e se n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a rch 1970)
Weekly earning^^^^
( standard)
Number
of
workers

O c cu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w eekly e a r n in g s of—
$

Average
weekly

$
90

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range ^

95
19
32
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

$
$
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

95

$
100

$
105

*

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

$
145

150

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

2

-

1

1

5
5

2

and
u n der

—
1
1

5
5
-

2

—

3

3

-

1

—

1

12
1

1
-

1
—

5
5

1

2
-

1
1

2
2

-

2

-

4

—

—
1

4

-

—

1
1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r
p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a rc h 1970)
Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 9 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

SECRETARIES3 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

106
17
89

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

43
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

SE C R ET A R IE S, CLASS B ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

28
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

C LER K S, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------

119
105
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

SEC R ET A R IE S, CLASS C ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

25
20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

C LER K S, ORDER -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

47
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

SEC R ET A R IE S, CLASS D ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

46
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

CLER K S, PAYROLL ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

19
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

60
53
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

56
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

32
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

OFFICE BOYS AND G IR L S ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

16
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

17
15

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

20

CLER K S, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

32

8 6 .0 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUEO

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

24
17

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

8 2 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS B -------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

33
27

120.00

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e se n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

dourly earnings

1
$
2 .1 0

Number
O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

^

Median

$
3 .1 3

$
3 .2 A

$
$
2 .5 6 - 3 .7 3

3 .0 2
2 .9 8

3 .0 A
3 .0 1

2 .8 3 2 .7 3 -

2 .2 0
MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------

22

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------

A7
AO

$
2 .3 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

$
$
2 . A0 2 . 5 0

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—
*
$
$
$
$
$
i
$
$
$
*
2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . AO 3 .5 0 3 . 6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

$
(
A . 00 A . 10

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

A . 10 A . 20

and
u n d er

^

M ean2

Middle range

t
2 .2 0

-4
P
o
o

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , L u b b o ck , T e x ., M a rc h 1970)

3 .2 1
3 .0 8

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 . A0 3 . 5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

1

-

-

3

3

-

-

2

-

-

-

7

-

-

~

1

-

2

-

-

-

_

6
6

_

7
7

2
2

1A
1A

2

8
i

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

3

“

1
1

_

“

3
3

-

“

~

-

3

t
$
3 . A0 3 . 6 0

s
3 .8 0

$
$
A .00 A .20

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s ,
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

Table A-5.

2 .6 0

~

"

2

“

3

and la te s h if t s .

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , L u b b o ck , T e x ., M a rc h 1970)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

t
1 .6 0

Number
workers

Mean3

Median 3

Middle range 3

$
1 .7 0

i

1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

s
2 .0 0

t
2 .1 0

i
2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . 10 2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

%

$
t
2 . A0 2 . 5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
$
2 .8 0 2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0 3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0 3 .3 0

$
3 .3 0

and
under

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------

17

$
1 .7 6

$
1 .7 6

$
1 .7 3 -

$
1 .8 0

1

13

2

i

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

180
83
97

1 .8 7
1 .9 6
1 .8 0

1 .8 3
1 .9 4
1 .7 2

1 .6 8 1 .8 3 1 .6 5 -

2 .0 3
2 .0 8
1 .8 9

57
12
A5

25
4
21

28
20
8

21
17
4

19
13
6

9
3
6

1
1

1

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

287
1A0
1A7

2 .0 6
2 .0 6
2 .0 5

1 .9 8
2 .0 3
1 .9 7

1 .7 8 - 2 .3 8
1 .7 3 - 2 .5 2
1 .9 0 - 2 .1 7

33
28
5

46
28
18

22
9
13

57

29
16
13

7
7

13
3
10

11
11

57

ORDER F ILL E R S ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

105
98

2 .A 1
2 .A 1

2 .4 9
2 .5 1

2 .2 5 - 2 .6 5
2 .2 5 - 2 .6 6

_

-

-

11
11

4
4

4
3

15
15

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

26
20

2 .3 8
2 .3 A

2 .2 8
2 .2 6

2 .1 5 1 .9 0 -

-

5
5

_

1

TRUCKDRIVERS4 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

272
44
228

3 .2 7
2 .1 1
3 .A 9

3 .6 8
2 .0 3
A .21

2 . 1 6 - A . 25
1 .8 9 - 2 .3 7
2 . 7 3 - A . 25

26
1
25

2

15
11

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

220
21

3 .6 1
2 .3 0

A . 21
2 .3 8

2 . 7 9 - A . 26
1 .8 8 - 2 .7 5

1
1

TRUCKERS, POWER (FO R K LIFT) ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 A3
62
81

2 .2 8
2 .1 9
2 .3 5

2 .1 7
2 .3 1
2 . 1A

1 . 9 6 - 2 .A 9
1 . 9 4 - 2.AA
1 .9 7 - 2 .8 6

-

-

-

-

1 .7 0

_____________ L

1
2
3
4

2 .8 3
2 .6 8

“

“

-

1

7
7

1A
8

13
13

21
21

9
9

2
2

10
10

i

-

1

1
“

1

1
1

2
1

-

3

2

-

7

3

6
4
2
6

7
1
6
6
~

3

17
1
16

4

6
6

i
i

3

12
12

39
10
29

9
4
5

-

-

~

A

A
“

3
-

10
10

6

3

-

-

-

-

6

3

“

6
”

3
_

_

17
15
2

1
1

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

7

A

-

10

10

123

7

A

10

10

123

_

7

4

_

10

10

_

123
”

-

-

-

5
5

13
10
3

2

D a ta lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , se e footnote 2, ta b le A - l .
I n c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and typ e of tr u c k o p e r a te d .




1

2

-

A

"

57
A5
12

2

3

”

2

~

2
2

-

8
8
“

-

”

1
-

“

-

15
1A
1

3 . A0 3 . 6 0

-

2

20
9
ii

-

6

-

-

6

“

2

~

7

20
9

2

_

7

5
5

5

7

10

2

5

-

-

-

-

~

5

7

10

2

5

~

“

“

'

'

‘

1 0

B. Establish m ent P ractices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r c h 1970)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

O th e r i n e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

M a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
in d u s t r i e s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d ---------------------

-----------------------

64

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m ---------------------

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

22

XXX

42

XXX

64

22

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f--A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

XXX

42

XXX

40

10

1

1

9

7

32

7

7

25

23

$ 6 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------$ 6 7 . 50---------------------------------------------$ 7 0 . 0 0 _ -------------------------------------------$ 7 2 . 5 0 ---------------------------------------------$ 7 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------$ 7 7 . 50---------------------------------------------$ 8 0 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------$ 8 2 . 50----------------------------------------------

2
2
1
1
3
1

1
-

1
-

2
1
1
2
1

13
3
4
6
-

-

2
1
1
1
3
1

1
1

1
1
2
2
1
-

1
1
2
2
1
-

12
2
2
4
4
1

12
1
2
4
3
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m ------- -----------

-

-

XXX

-

XXX

4

-

XXX

4

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ----------------------------------------------------------------

64

21

XXX

33

XXX

28

15

XXX

13

XXX

$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5. 0 0
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 8 0 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

un der
un der
under
under
under
under
un der
under

4

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .







Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s io n s fo r m a n u fa c tu r in g p lan t w o r k e r s b y ty p e an d am ou n t o f p a y d iffe r e n tia l,
L u b b o c k , T e x ., M a r c h 1970)
^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ J jA lljo la n t ^ o r k e ^ s ^ r m jn a n u f a c t u r in g ^ ^ ^ O O p e r c e n t ) ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^

P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lan t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

L a t e - s h i ft p a y p r o v is io n

S e c o n d sh ift

T o t a l __

_____

- _____

.

________

—

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

7 4 .0

3 8 .0

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

1 7 .0

3 .2

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t _______

1 9 .1

1 5 .2

5 .1

2 .4

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t __________

5 4 .9

2 2 .9

1 1 .9

.8

5 4 .9

2 2 .9

1 1 .9

T y p e an d am ou n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ____

____

5 c e n t s ____________________________________
10 c e n t s _______ - ____________ - _____________
1 2 C e n t — -- r,__ i___,—-- —
n nririnn —
nm~|— — — n— — rn—
in—in — -i in— Tin
____
____ 13 c e n t s _______

8

1

1

_

2 .8
1 5 .9
1 2 .2
9 .0
1 5 .0

In c lu d e s a l l p lan t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

8 .8
-

3 .9
10 .1

c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g ,

e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .

1 0
1 .6
3 .1
1 .8
4 .3

.8
_

.3
-

.5

o r h av in g f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la t e s h ift s ,

12

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r c h 1970)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W ee k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

-

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

3
5
56
1
7
3
15
3
6

1
2
3
4
5

100

5
44

82
10

4

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

7
(5 )
87

80

96

5

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

17

4

(5 )
1
( 5)

4

a
16
10
10

8

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




13

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r c h 1970)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s —

— --------- --------- --------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

92

99

100

100

-

-

_

100

89

8

-

11

(4 )

6
9
8
5
23
17
12
13
1

12
2
7
1
22
8
30
18
-

_

_

1

7

-

11
8
14
18
38
-

1
1
1
13

_
18
48
56
78
78
79
86
88
100

38
56
70
78
78
78
78
89
89

N um ber of days
1
2
3
4
4
5

h o lid a y ____________________________________________
h o lid a y s
.
.
—
.
h o lid a y s
h o lid a y s
h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y
h o l i d a y s ______________ __________ ____ __________
6 h o l i d a y s ______________________ ___ ________________
7 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s
9 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
10 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------

1

2

10

1

5

11

(4 )

17
7
22

-

13
39

16
16
4
3
1

27

4
7

48
39

-

-

-

-

-

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
10 d a y s — --- ----- — ____
___
___
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e -----------— 9 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 d ay s o r m o re _
6 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e _____ — -- ---------- --- ----------------- -4 V2 d a y s o r m o r e — - — - — - — --------4 days or m o re
—
- 3 d ay s o r m o re
2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------

26

42
65
65
70
77
86
92

1
4
8
24
40
79
92
92
97
98
99
99

_
27
48
56
72
72

83
93
100
100

39
88
94
98
98
98
99
100
100

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u l l
a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o on. P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




days

14

Table B-5. Paid Vacations 1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r c h 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

98
98

100
100

89
89

100
100

100
100

100
100

2

-

11

-

-

-

_

18
28
-

5
28
11
3

_

22
-

17
-

10
28

-

-

72
3
21

68
1
25

72
4
14

37
2
61

40
60

48
2
49

42
3
53

39
61

35
4
50

11
2
87

15
85

5
2
93

14
3
81

14
86

_
4
85

1
2
97

4
96

2
98

13
3
83

13
87

89

1
1
98

4
96

_
100

4
3
86
1
5

90
1
6

(6 )
1
93
1
4

70
4
27

(4 )
1
40
( 6)
58

48
4
49

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
no p a i d v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a v 5
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ______________________________________
1 w ee k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

6
17
3

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _—
- _ —
- O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w eeks — — ---A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eekO v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
_
- —
---2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

_

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ------ —--------------------------------------------------A lte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek- - —
—
—
— O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w ee k s
2 w eeks
_
—
—
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k _______________________________________________
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------\

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




3
-

_
-

85
4
-

_

_

-

-

98
2
-

.
4
3
53
(6)
38

3

_

-

-

59
1
37

19
-

70

_
-

.
-

6
-

94

15

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r c h 1970)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------

2

O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w ee k s—
.
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------

3
53
(6)
40
(4)

3

-

( 6)
i
40
(4 )
58

-

-

52

19

44
"

66
4

1

3
41

_
19
62
4
4

33
( 6)
57

1

-

-

42
4
54

-

6
-

92

2

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _________________________________

—
-----O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ---- —----------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

2
3
37
(4)
55
(6 )

1

1

55
“

( 4)

1

1
8

25
4

68
4

-

-

6
67

2

25

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------

O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s --------------------------------

2

3
36
( 4)
43
14
(4 )

3

_

-

-

38

19

55
3

10

1

~

-

56
4

( 4)

_

33
( 4)
29
36

1

25
4
48
24
“

(4)

-

1

-

-

6
5

88
2

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e 7

1 w eek
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------- — -----------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------— -—
5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

2
3
36
(6)
42

11

(4 )
5

3
38

1

51
7
-

-

19
-

10
28
4
28

1

33
(4)
26
31

1

9

-

25
4
43
28
-

-

6

5
59

2

28

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
* I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
* P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s '
s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l ig i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e
e l i g i b l e ,f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 25 a n d 3 0 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n t i c a l.




1 6

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r c h 1970)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it a n d
f in a n c in g 1

A l l w o r k e r s __

_____________________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

_____

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w --------------L i f e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ____________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ------ -----------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 — __ ________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _ -----N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ----------------------S ic k le a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ______ _________ ____ S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) __ - ------- -----------------H o s p it a li z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ------------------ ----------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e __________________________ ____
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s -------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ______________________
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ______________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n _______________________________
N o n c o n tr ib u to r y p l a n s ________________________

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

97

100

89

99

100

100

95
37

100

99
55

100

100

57

89
60

64

73

70
28

95
53

85
32

84
38

97
61

96
45

65

54

50

86

52

90

34
13

36
26

22

43
19

37

50
25

21

1

4

21

14

53

9

34

21

24

32

20

16

30

95
39
95
39
76
38

100

89
43
89
43
89
43
85
72
79
62

99
47
99
47
90
46
97
49
75
47

100

100

88

36
67
40

63

100
63
95
58
84
54
58
30

58

100
58
97
54

86

48

68
37

46

100
46

100
46
98
74
89
63

1 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p l a n s fin a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p l a n s a r e l i m it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t
l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




17

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r c h 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

All i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

96
54
14
40

100

100

100

100

100

21
50

81
42
39

11

22

32

9

5

30

9

11

7

20

32

23

20

16
29

8

_
36
_

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a i d tim e r a t e s -----------------------------------------------F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y -------------------------------------S in g le r a t e ---------------------------------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s ---------------------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ----------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v ie w ------------------ ------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v ie w ----------------N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y ---------------------------------P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s ________________________
P i e c e r a t e ---------------------------------------------------I n d iv id u a l-----------------------------------------------G ro u p -----------------------------------------------------P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ----------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l ----------------------------------------------G ro u p -----------------------------------------------------C o m m i s s i o n ------------------------------------------------

41

4

(5 )
(5 )
(5 )

2
2
-

2

71

42
3
39

-

10
58
_

-

19
_
-

-

-

-

-

27
46
27

45

55
_

64

n

53

-

94
5

-

-

-

45

-

-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n c y of w age paym en t
W e e k ly ------------------------------------------------------------B i w e e k ly ----------------------------------------------------------S e m im o n t h ly ---------------- ---------------------------------M o n th ly ____________________________________________
O th e r f r e q u e n c y -----------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

74
19
7
-

1

-

-

39
41
17
3

76

11

13
-

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e , f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




27
37
36
-

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t it s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y in g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

office
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b il lin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o ut w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s of i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , an d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h and.

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o ut p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

C le tss B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR

A C C O U N T IN G

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; an d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
i n e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; an d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

1 8

19
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BOY OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e an d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m of d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n an d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e in q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
an d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

of

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss B
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

of

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r " a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; £ r
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . (S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g ; W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o r o u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d ro u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

2 0

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s an d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n of a g r o u p o f ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r an d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s an d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r ,

r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
g e n e ra l.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l tr a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l fo r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PUTER O PERATO R

CO M PUTER PRO GRAM ER,

M o n it o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
i t e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d it io n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ram .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ich a r e r e q u i r e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e
in s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t i o n o f d a ta to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ; A p p li e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u te r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n ce
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ich d a ta w il l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c tio n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c ie n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)

F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d a n d
in t r o d u c e d ; sc h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th a t id e n t i f ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c t i o n an d g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n r u n s , t y p i c a l l y ru n on a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t l e o r no t e s t in g
o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a l l y in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o th e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p e te n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ich id e n tify th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to b e
a c c o m p l is h e d , a n d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v in g r o u t in e ;
p l a n s th e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c ie n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d in s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith f r e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o rk s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a i n in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h is le v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p ro d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s and d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n ts.
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
s u c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b li s h m e n t of
lin k a g e p o in t s b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a t a w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n i p u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e le m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n a l d i r e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w ho a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

21
CO M PUTER PRO GRAM ER,

CO M PU TER SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on r e l a t i v e l y s i m p le
p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p le s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts) u su a lly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f in i n g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s to o r
d e le t io n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a few r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a ll y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d ir e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
d ir e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

B U S IN E S S

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e l o p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
A n a l y z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f ie s c o n d itio n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t lin e s a c t io n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p ic a ll y t h is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k an d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
new a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t io n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h is i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e ir p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o th e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

d ir e c t i o n

to lo w e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d

to

C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l ic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f li m it e d
c o m p le x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,

MAINTENANCE
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g
a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y




C l a s s C . W o rk s u n d e r i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o u t a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g l e a c t iv i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p lic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n en ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im in s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R

s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s a n in t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y it e m o f e a £ h ty p e i s a u t o m a t ic a ll y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it i a t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f new o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s .
M akes re co m ­
m e n d a t io n s , i f n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n a l
a ssist.

OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o rk i s r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

D RA FT SM A N

C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m i n g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l l y
le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a i n in g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e
a p p lic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
CO M PU TER SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d

m a in ta in in g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b li s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t i o n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y

su p e r v is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tte n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p l i c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

D POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

22
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )--- C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; an d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s an d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s an d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a te r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g .w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s an d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g of m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , an d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g an d i n s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f th e w o rk ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i ll w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s of p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e an d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c ts ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , oj* o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

2 3
S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER,

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n t in u ed

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n t in u e d

h a n d t o o l s in cu tt i n g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it ti n g , a nd a s s e m b l i n g ; an d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k of the m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
rounded tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e sh ip or eq uivalent
train in g and e x p erien ce .
T O O L AND D IE M A K E R
(Die m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a nd r e p a i r s m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n i n g and
l a y i n g out of w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s i n g a v a r i e t y of t o o l a nd d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d t o o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d i n g of the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g up a n d o p e r a t i n g of
m a c h i n e t o o l s a nd r e l a t e d e q u i p m e n t ; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s
of w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a nd t o o l i n g of m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g of m e t a l p a r t s d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s of f i n i s h e d t o o l s a nd d i e s to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it ti n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g of p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a nd a l l o w a n c e s ; and s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a nd p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , the t o o l a nd d i e m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a nd t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s ,
shops a r e excluded fr o m this c lassific a tio n .

t o o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a nd d ie j o b b i n g

CUSTODIAL A N D MATERIAL MOVEME NT

SHIPPING AND REC EIV IN G C L E R K

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g
o r d e r , using a r m s or fo rc e w here n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w ho a r e s t a t i o n e d a t g a t e
and c h e c k on id e n t i t y of e m p l o y e e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .
W a t c h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s of p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e f t, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N ITO R ,

PORTER,

(Sw eeper;

OR C L E A N E R

charwom an; ja n itr e ss)

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s ,

C l e a n s a nd k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d i ti o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , or
p r e m i s e s of a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o l v e
a c o m b i n a t i o n o f the f o l l o w i n g ; S w e e p i n g , m o p p i n g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a nd o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t i n g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s a n d m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a nd c l e a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a nd r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t i e s in v o l v e o ne o r m o r e of the f o l l o w i n g : L o a d i n g a n d u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a nd
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k i n g , s h e l v i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , who l o a d a nd u n l o a d s h i p s a r e
excluded.
FILLER

(O rd er p ick e r; stock se le c to r ; w areh o use

stockm an)

F i l l s s h i p p i n g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s a nd i n d i c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s of o u t g o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a nd p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

R eceiving clerk
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and r e c e iv in g c le rk

D r i v e s a t r u c k w it h i n a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u i p m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s of b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n l o a d t r u c k w it h o r wit h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a nd k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v er-th e -road d rive rs a re excluded.
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a nd ty p e of e q u i p m e n t ,
a s follow s;
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld be r a t e d on the b a s i s of t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s follows;

TRU C KDRIVER

M A T E R I A L H ANDLING

( L o a d e r a nd u n l o a d e r ; h a n d l e r an d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o usem an or w a reh o u se helper)

ORDER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ipm e n t, or r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib l e for in co m ing s h i p ­
m e n ts of m e r c h a n d is e or oth er m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w l e d g e of sh i p p i n g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a nd r a t e ; a nd p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s of th e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k i n g up b i l l s of l a d i n g , p o s t i n g w e i g h t a n d s h i p p i n g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p i n g a f i l e o f s h i p p i n g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m ent.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s of l a d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k i n g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a i n t a i n i n g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

(co m b in atio n of s i z e s l i s t e d se p a r a t e ly )
li gh t ( u n d e r IV2 to ns )
m e d i u m (1 */2 to a nd i n c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r typ e)

POW ER

SHIPPING

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h i p p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e i n g d e p e n d e n t u pon the ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n i t s to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d of s h i p m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s the
p l a c i n g of i t e m s in s h i p p i n g c o n t a i n e r s a nd m a y in v o l v e one o r m o r e of the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l ­
e d g e of v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co nt en t; s e l e c t i o n of a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a nd s i z e
of c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a nd s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a nd a p p l y i n g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n ti f y in g
d a t a on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s who a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .




O perates a
t r a n s p o r t goods and
estab lish m ent.

m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k i n d s ab o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , o r o t h e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a;re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
Trucker,
Trucker,

p o w e r ( f o rk l if t)
p o w e r ( o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )




A v a ila b le

T h e

t e n t h

t o r n e y s ,

a n n u a l

j o b

i s t s ,

r e p o r t

o n

s a l a r i e s

e n g i n e e r s ,

a n a l y s t s ,

f o r

a c c o u n t a n t s ,

e n g i n e e r i n g

d i r e c t o r s

o f

t e c h n i c i a n s ,

p e r s o n n e l ,

b u y e r s ,

a u d i t o r s ,
d r a f t s m
a n d

a t ­
e n ,

c l e r i c a l

p l o y e e s .

O r d e r
m

R e q u e s t ------

c h e m

t r a c e r s ,
e m

O n

a s

B L S

i n i s t r a t i v e ,

c e n t s

a

c o p y .

B u l l e t i n
T e c h n i c a l ,

1 6 5 4 ,
a n d

N a t i o n a l
C l e r i c a l

S u r v e y
P a y ,

o f

J u n e

P r o f e s s i o n a l ,
1 9 6 9 .

A

d ­

S e v e n t y - f i v e

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1------------------- -----------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1------------S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x , , A p r . 1969----------------------------A lle n tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g. 1969---------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t Arthux— r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969 ------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1---------------------------------B o i s e C i ty , Idaho, ,Nov. 1969-----------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1969----------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , Oct. 1969-------------------------------------------B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1969 1 ------------------------------------C an to n , Ohio, M a y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969---------------------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a , , S e p t . 1969--------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 -----------------------------------------C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y .—I n d . , M a r . 1969 1 ---------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O hio, S e p t . 1969 ------------------------------------- C o l u m b u s , O h io, O c t. 1969---------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t. 1969-------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l in e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
Oct. 1969 1_______________________________________________
D ay to n , O h io, D e c . 1969-------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969-----------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 ---------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x . , O ct. 1969____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1969-------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1------------------------------------H o u st o n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1----------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., Oct. 1969------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 ----------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969-----------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1969 -------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 ------------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k - N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1969-------- L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 -------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., N o v . , 1969 1-------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1--------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969 ------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n .— r k . , Nov. 1969 1----------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , N ov. 1969-------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1970 1 ---------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1970 1--------------------

B u lletin n um ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
25
45
45
35
30
30
30
30
65
45
40
30
35

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35
30
40
30
50
30
30
35
45
30
30
30
35
30
30

cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1625-78,
1660-28,
1660-50,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

50
40
35
30
40
30
35
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
166 0 -4 0 ,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30
40
35
30
60

c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1660-17,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30
35
30
35
60
30
35
35
30

c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
3 0 c e n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30
30
50
35
35

cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents

166 0 -4 3 ,
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1___________________________ 166 0 -3 6 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1969 1 ____________ 166 0 -3 3 ,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1969 1___________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 2 4 ,
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969__________ -____________________ 1 6 2 5 - 6 8 ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 1 5 ,
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 3 ,
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 1 4 ,
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969_____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 5 ,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 _____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 1 ,
S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , J u l y 1969______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 3 ,
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1969 1______________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 ,
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , F e b . 1969 1________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 7 ,
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1969________—_____________________ 1 6 6 0 - 2 1 ,
U t i c a — o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969______ ____________________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 ,
R
W a s h in g t o n , D .C .—
Md.—V a ., S e p t . 1969 * _______________ 1 6 6 0 - 1 9 ,
W a t e r b u r y , C on n ., M a r . 1969___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 0 ,
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, J a n . 1970___ __________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 4 5 ,
W ic h ita , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 1 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M ay 1969------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 8 4 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969____________________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 2 ,
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1969 1________________ 1 6 6 0 - 3 8 ,
W

30
35
50
35
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
35
30
30
50
30
30
30
30
30
35

cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C i ty , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , Con n ., J a n . 1970 1 _________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970___________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969___________________________ __
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iow a, S e p t . 1969 _________ _______________
P a t e r son— lifto n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1969 1____________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1969______________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s . ,
P
W
M
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A ug. 1969 _______________________________ R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , U tah, Nov. 1969 1______________________
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 ____ __ _______________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C alif.,
R
O

1660-12,

U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L B U SIN ESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

FIRST CLASS MAIL

I

______________________________ I


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102