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Area Wage Survey

The Minneapolis— Paul, Minnesota,
St.
Metropolitan Area
January 1970

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -4 6




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

*

tO W A

h ic a g o '

K a n s a s C ity

OK LA

VIRGIN ISLANDS

i i-

- . I,,

—

PUERTO RICO

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City.
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




Area Wage Survey
The Minneapolis— Paul, Minnesota,
St.
Metropolitan Area




Jan u ary 1970

Bulletin 1660-46
M ay 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G e o ffr e y H . M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 50 cents




P re fa c e

m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s stu d ie d into one b u lle tin .
The secon d p r e se n ts
i n fo r m a t i o n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o li t a n
a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s an d t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s .

The B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual o c c u p a ­
t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s i n m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a
on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n ­
ta ry w age p r o v isio n s.
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r
th e U n it e d S t a t e s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d
f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n t o (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l
c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d i n th e p r o g r a m . In e a c h
a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y an d on
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n i a l l y .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in M in n e a p o lis —
S t . P a u l , M in n . , i n J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s ­
t i c a l a r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y
19 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f A n o k a , D a k o t a , H e n n e p i n , R a m s e y , an d W a s h i n g t o n
C ou n ties.
T h is stu d y w a s co n d u cted by the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffice
i n C h i c a g o , 111. , u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f W o o d r o w C . L i n n ,
A ssista n t R egion al D ire cto r for O p eration s.

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n p r e ­
se n ts su r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied .
A fter c o m p le tio n of all
o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m ­
m a r y bulletin s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the

C o n te n ts
Page
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5

T ab les:
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d i e d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________




NOTE:

S im ila r tab u latio n s

are

a v ailab le fo r other a r e a s .

(See in sid e b ac k c o v e r. )

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i n t h e M i n n e a p o l i s —
S t . P a u l a r e a i s a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r th e m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s ( N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ); an d on e a r n i n g s o n l y f o r
s e l e c t e d f o o d s e r v i c e an d l a u n d r y a n d d r y c l e a n i n g o c c u p a t i o n s ( J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 ) . U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f
p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ;
an d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , an d a l l i e d o c c u p a t i o n s .

iii

4
6

Contents— Continued
Page
T a b l e s --- C o n t i n u e d
A.

7
12
15
16
18
20
21
23
24
26

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________________________________________
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

28
29

B-7.

B.

O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d w o m e n ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
m
A - l a . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n a n d w o m e n -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------l
m
A-Z.
P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________________________________
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------l
A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _______________________________________________________________
m
A - 3 a . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
l
m
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
A - 4 a . M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____________________________________________________________________________
l
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _______________________________________________________________________________________________
A - 5 a . C u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------l

36

A ppendix.




M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n an d f r e q u e n c y o f p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Iv

37

Area Wage Survey---The Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
se rv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s exclu d ed fro m th ese stu d ie s a re
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tip n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of t h e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sched u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tive e a r n in g s a r e in clu ded. W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h ou r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu siv e of pay
fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p resen ted reflect com po site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b le f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffer­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , altho ugh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly
w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e giv en t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o se below the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c cu p atio n s and E a r n in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
th e j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e of th e s t u d y an d not th e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n t a r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under con tract with the New York State
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); R ochester (o ffice o cc u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and P ublic C ontracts D ivisions o f the U. S. D e­
partm ent of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( i n t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s io n s a s they
r e l a t e to p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
a s a s e p a r a te w ork fo rc e a r e exclu ded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e

2

w ork in g f o r e m e n and all n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cludin g le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c le r ic a l or re la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in du strie s .
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d the p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h av e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la t e - sh ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed uled
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h eth er they w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p en sio n
p la n s; and f r e q u e n c y of w ag e p a y m en t ( t a b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s of in dividual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid ay s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The f ir s t

p a r t of t h e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r of w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h a ii
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (table B - 5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s not i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s t h e e q u i v ­
alen t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v in g s p la n s and
th o se w hich o ffer " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits b eyond b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t. Su ch p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
for this p u r p o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
if th e m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t o f t h e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly re q u ir e d p la n s, such a s w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to t h e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In fo rm atio n is
p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e f s . e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l it y i n s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n ly if t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of th e l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of th e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i& e - ^ u ll p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of th e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n of w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishm ent was considered as having a po licy if it m e t either of the follow ing con­
The tem porary disability law s in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
ditions: (1) O perated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions if it (1) had op erated late
A n establishm ent was considered as havin g a form al p lan if it established at lea st the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in w ritten form for operating
m inim um number of days o f sick le a v e av ailab le to each em ploy ee.
Such a p lan need not be
late shifts.
w ritten, but inform al sick lea v e allo w an ces, determ in ed on an individual b asis, were excluded.




3
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s an d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and
su rg ic a l p lan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m ­
plete or p a r t ia l p a y m en t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such plan s m a y be u n d e r ­
w ritte n by c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n i z a t i o n s
o r t h e y m a y b e p a i d f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r out o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r
this p u r p o se .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to
t h o s e p l a n s t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life.
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
cen tive s y s t e m s . U n d er a s in g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a id
to a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be pa id a b o v e o r below the s in g le r a te




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on th e
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
t h e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the lo w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h un it o f o u t p u t . P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l b s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e rc e n ta g e .
D ata
table B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

p rovided

in

4
T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W i t h i n S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d i n M i n n e a p o l i s —S t .

Paul,

M i n n . , 1 by M a jo r I n d u s tr y D iv is io n , 2 J a n u a r y 1970

N u m b er of esta b lish m e n ts
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
of study

In d u stry div isio n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ithin s c o p e
of stu d y 3

Studied
T o tal4

Studied

P lant
N um ber

O ffice

Percent

T o tal4

A ll e sta b lish m e n ts

1, 6 2 0

A l l d i v i s i o n s --------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------- --------------T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5-----------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e -----------S e r v i c e s 7 ----------------------------------------------------------

50
-

291

417, 832

100

584
1, 0 3 6

98
19 3

2 0 3 , 310
214, 522

111
202

231, 704

121,
122,

30, 077
47, 638

116, 7 5 8
114, 946

11

24,
14,
61,
6 3,

759
289

8,
8,
8,

7
19
7
7

92

2 3 5 , 12 7

100

1 3 0 , 0 71

45, 890

196, 652

36
56

130, 198
104, 929

55
45

7 0 , 17 2
59 , 8 9 9

22, 673
23, 217

1 0 5 , 591
91, 0 6 1

13
3
19

16,
2,
32 ,
62,

6 , 19 5

31 , 6 5 0
5, 3 7 0
3 8,416
11, 0 7 0
4, 5 5 5

200

30
40
51
31
41

A l l d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------------------------------

-

140

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5----------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e -----------S e r v i c e s 7-----------------------------------------------------------

500

64
76
13

13
7
19

375
14 8

77, 715

49
51

77 1
167
656
671
257

50
50
50
50
50

45,
30 ,
78,
29,
30,

244, 048

1 04
047
562
920
(8 )

511
166
12 4
19, 0 9 6
(8 )

35 ,
11,
43,
14,
9,

482
712
2 21
598
933

L a r g e e stab lish m e n ts

-

500
500
500
500
500

8

25
15
15

10
7

31 ,
5,
43,
14,
9,

650
888
131
720
540

6

4

086
523
8 51
616
(8)

1, 7 7 5
5, 2 7 7
8, 8 3 4
(8 )

1 T h e M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t s o f A n o k a , D a k o t a , H e n n e p i n , R a m s e y , a n d W a s h i n g t o n
C ou nties.
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e i n c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e
s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
* T h e 1967 e d iti o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e re d a s 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e p l a n t an d o f fi c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s only. W o r k e r s f r o m the e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in " a l l
i n d u s t r y " e s t i m a t e s in th e S e r i e s B T a b l e s .
7 H o tels and m o te ls ; la u n d r ie s and o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , ren tal, and p ar k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s; n on profit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (exclu din g
r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , an d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
of d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (2) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .




The

A b o u t o n e - h a l f o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in tt
fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s an d s p e c i f i c in d u st:
Industry g ro u p s
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ----------------------------------------------------- 2 0
E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t a n d s u p p l i e s ----------------------------------------------13
I n s t r u m e n t s a n d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------------------- 13
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------------------------------- 11
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------------------------ 10
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g --------------------------------------------------------------- 7
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------------------------- 6

M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d i n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m an u fac tu rin g :

firm s,

S p ec ific in dustries
O f f i c e a n d c o m p u t i n g m a c h i n e s ----------------------------------- 10
M e c h a n i c a l m e a s u r i n g a n d c o n t r o l d e v i c e s ___________ 9
M i s c e l l a n e o u s c o n v e r t e d p a p e r p r o d u c t s ------------------- 9
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------------------ 7

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y a s

p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
sh ow n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , ex c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p ay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
an d i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d . S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a t e o f the
i n d e x . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e c h a n g e s
b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s . T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e
i n a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e
p a y c h a n g e s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n th e a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of D ata
M ethod of C o m p u tin g
T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declined b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y C on stant, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a c o n s t a n t w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p . The a v e r a g e (m e an ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , an d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s i n th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y t h e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
fo r the fo llow in g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g the w age t r e n d s :
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women): O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)— S k ille d m ain ten ance (m en):
Bookke e ping - m achine
Continued
Carpenters
S ecretaries
operators, class B
E lectrician s
Clerics, accounting, classes
Stenographers, gen eral
M achinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
M echanics
Clerics, file , classes
Sw itchboard operators, classes
M echanics (au to m o tiv e)
A , B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
T a bu latin g-m ach in e operators,
Pipefitters
class B
Clerics, payroll
Tool and die m akers
C om ptom eter operators
T ypists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
U n skilled p lan t (m en):
A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and wom en):
Jan itors, porters, and clean ers
O ffice boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered )
Laborers, m a teria l handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1970 a n d J a n u a r y 1969, a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u str ie s
O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

P eriod

In dustrial
nurses
(m e n and
women)

S k ille d
m a in ten a n ce
trades
(m e n )

M an ufactu rin g
U n sk illed
p lan t
w orkers
(m e n )

O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

In d u strial
nurses
(m e n and
women)

S k illed
m a in ten a n ce
trad es
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plan t
w orkers
(m e n )

I n d e x e s ( J a n u a r y 1967=100)
J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------

117.9
111.1

135. 9
124. 7

12 1 .7
112. 6

116. 4
110. 3

118. 0
110. 2

139. 2
125. 2

120. 8
112. 3

115. 2
109. 8

166. 1
119. 3

148. 4
122. 9

139. 7
1 21.2

11.
5.
18.
6.
3.
2.
2.
3.
1.
5.

7.
6.
5.
4.
2.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

4.
6.
3.
3.
3.
3.
4.
2.
4.
3.

I n d e x e s ( J a n u a r y 1961=100)
J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 ---------------------------------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 7 -----------------------------------------

1 4 1.5
120. 0

163. 8
120. 5

150. 2
123. 4

143. 5
123. 4

140. 7
119. 2

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary

1969
1968
1967
1966
1965
1964
1963
1962
1961
I960




to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary
Jan u ary

197 0 --------------1 9 6 9 - ------------1 9 6 8 --------------1 9 6 7 — ----------1 9 6 6 --------------1 9 6 5 --------------1 9 6 4 -------------1 9 6 3 --------------1 9 6 2 --------------1 9 6 1 ---------------

6. 1
5. 7
5. 0
5. 2
2. 6
2. 1
2 .4
2.9
3. 3
3. 4

9.
7.
15.
4.
3.
2.
2.
3.
2.
5.

0
8
7
7
4
5
0
7
7
1

8. 1
6. 4
5. 8
5 .9
3. 4
2 .9
3. 6
4. 0
3. 5
3. 7

5.
5.
4.
3.
3.
4.
3.
2.
4.
4.

4
8
3
6
3
0
9
7
0
5

7. 1
5. 1
4 .9
5. 5
2. 1
1. 8
1. 8
2. 5
4. 2
3. 1

2
7
5
2
0
0
1
2
6
1

N O T E : P r e v i o u s l y p u b l i s h e d i n d e x e s f o r the M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l a r e a u s e d J a n u a r y 1961 a s the
S
b a s e p e rio d .
T h e y c a n b e c o n v e r t e d to t h e n e w b a s e p e r i o d b y d i v i d i n g t h e m b y th e c o r r e s p o n d i n g i n d e x
n u m b e r - s f o r J a n u a r y 1967 on th e J a n u a r y 1961 b a s e p e r i o d a s s h o w n in t h e t a b l e .
The r e s u l t should
b y m u l t i p l i e d b y 100.

6
5
4
4
8
1
5
3
8
8

9
0
6
0
1
5
0
0
0
6

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M in n e a p o lis— t, P a u l, M inn. , J a n u a r y 1970)
S
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eekly e a r n in g s of—
Number
S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

workers

»
weekly
hour*1
( standard)

60
Mean2

Median 2

$

t
65

S

$
70

75

$
85

t

i
100

105

S
n o

$

i
115

120

t

t

t
125

130

140

m*-*

75

80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

190

and

37
6

15
5

31

10
8

13
6
7

-

-

2

1

12

6

1
-

7
7

*

-

2

3
-

1

3

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

149
106
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 9.5 0
1 2 0.0 0
1 22.00

11 8.0 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 39 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 35 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 38 .0 0

_

_

_

-

1 1 8.5 0
12 1.5 0

-

-

-

-

l
1
-

54

4 0 .0

1 2 3.0 0

1 1 9.0 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

1

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

433
76
357

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

13 8.0 0
1 4 2.5 0
13 7.0 0

14 0.5 0
1 3 9.0 0
1 4 0.5 0

1 2 6.5 0 -1 51 .5 0

_

_

-

_

-

-

4 0 .0

1 3 7.0 0

14 0.5 0

1 3 1.5 0 -1 67 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 50 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 50 .5 0

-

357

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------

65

4 0 .0

14 0.5 0

13 9.5 0

1 2 7.0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

OFFICE BOYS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

176
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 4 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

9

12

30

44

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
11 6.0 0

8 0 .0 0
113.0 0

7 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 1.0 0 -1 16 .0 0

9
-

4

105
26

8

8
22

21
23

27
13
14

~

~

~

“

“

TABULATING-MACH1NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------

70

3 9 .5

1 5 1.5 0

1 *8 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 66 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

72
50

3 9 .5

1 2 6.5 0
1 2 8.0 0

1 3 2.0 0

1 1 0.5 0 -1 39 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 3 5.5 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 39 .0 0

9 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
1 2 1.0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 23 .5 0

9 3 .0 0

O
0

1 1 4.0 0 -1 46 .5 0

-

-

23
-

1
-

23

-

23

_

105

n o

_

_

_

_

53
14
39

26
9
17

57

23
38

8

49

3

12

2

15

11

21

15
18

12
5

45

5

20
11

9
4

17
15
8
6

2

10
7
3
3

29

2
2

4

-

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

2

4

-

29

45
12

36
12
24
24

6
-

_

2

i

i

25
24
9

13

i

i

10

13
2

i
-

15

11
11

i
i

25
25

62
62

93
93

1

3

4

15

12

6

9

4

-

-

1

2
1

2
~

1

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

1

1

2

1

1

-

~
~

-

-

-

1

1

2

1

1

“

“

~

“

“

2

-

3

13

18

3

13

1

13

9
4

5
1

1
1

3
3

25
20

7

_

3

5

2
2

10
10
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

1

9

4

5

3

3

15
9
6

1
2

17
~

1

2
3

3
3

“

1

~

1

17
17

2

4

25
10
15

6
6

9

-

24
24

-

11
11

1
1

-

103
10

1

1
1

3

4

87
25

1

_

-

16
7
9

2

25

12
10
2

1

1
1

4

26
2

11
-

2

_

34
7
27

61

3
28

5
A

-

1 6 2.0 0

31

3
6

33
18

1
4

1 3 1.0 0

9

3

6

1 3 2.0 0

2

over

180

*

5

-

4 0 .0

1
O
O
in

190

170

6

6

1
12

100

160

24
18

13

1

1 2 0.5 0 -1 58 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 63 .5 0
1 4 7.0 0 -1 71 .0 0

95

150

*

1
-

2

1 4 3.0 0
1 5 8.5 0

8 4 .5 0

180

140

8
4

2
-

142.00 141.50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0 -

s

t
170

130

120

90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0

160

125

115

85

287
123
126

7 4 .0 0 -

$

$
150

5

70

395
108

1 4 1.0 0
1 4 2.0 0

95

*

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

1 4 0.5 0

$

t
90

and
un der

Middle range 2

65

MEN

$
80

2
13
13

1
28
28

33
33

2

6

-

6

_

_

W EN
OM
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BI LLI N G
MACHINE) -------- ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

190
54
136
35

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
1 0 0.0 0
9 5 .0 0
1 1 6.5 0

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

142
124

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

_

9 3 .5 0

~

270

4 0 .0

1 1 2.0 0

113.0 0

116

40.0

117.5 0
1 0 7.5 0
107.5 0

1 1 8.0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 24 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 28 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

“

“

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---- ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




154
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

485
160

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

325
89

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

117

4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

i
-

3

18

-

-

i

3

“

“

“

18
18

12
-

1
-

15
13

12

1

10
34

23
-

1

23

2

“

~

“

“

“

~

*

1

16

15
15

21
17

11
10

17

6

i

17

11

14

16
10

10

1

10

16

4

“

16

1
-

13

34

15

27

28

5

3

19

17
-

44

-

16

27

30
~

3

11

_

9 4 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

9 1 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 9 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

-

8 5 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

9 4 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 -

9 8 .0 0

34

1
-

1 0 9.5 0
1 0 8.0 0

9 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

44

-

_

~

2

-

2

2

11
11
2
3

_

22
1
21
3
8

140
29
1 11
40
13

13

3

48
20
28

11
23
14

29
14

12

8

1

”

17
15

28

“

1

~

88

63

27

18

1
62

5
22

13

28
18
10

15

46

9

12
10

4

42
3

15

21

45

5
5

10

6

9
-

30
19

1
1
1

_

-

3
3
_

_

-

~

-

-

_

_
~

“

-

_

40

6

15

29

4

13

-

2

2

-

"

~

10

_

10

11
11

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

_

”

11

-

”

_
"

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

i
i

-

_

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M in n e a p o lis— t. P a u l, M inn. , J a n u a r y 1970)
S
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is i

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$
60

65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$

-

R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------ACCO U NTING ,

CLcRKS,

TRADE

1,489
519
970
138
194
247
265

--------------------

.5
.5
.5
.0
.0

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

$

$

1 1 2.5 0

109.
109.
128.
109.

1 0 0 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0 9 9 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0 -

$
105

$
110

$
115

s
120

%
125

%
130

95

100

105

110

115

120

107
24

1 2 3.5 0
1 20.00
1 2 7.0 0
1 4 8.0 0
1 2 7.0 0

103.
108.

9 4 .0 0 1 0 2 .0 0 -

1 2 2.0 0
1 2 4.0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 110.
1 1 3.0
1 2 6.5
1 1 3.0
1 0 8.0

0
0
0
0

1 1 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

8 7 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 3.0 0
8 8 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

277

3 9 .0

9 4 .5 0

-----------

B

$
39
39
39
40
40

3 9 .0

3 ,466
879
2 ,58 7
454
307
457

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N 0 N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------R E T A IL

s
100

127
51

229
97
132
4
40
36

209

118
51
67
4
19

142
79

31

66
158
26
132
55
4
14

125

$
140

-

%

-

130

140

150

116
41

78
9
69
14

$

150

160

170

8 1 .5 0 8 5 .5 0 8 0 . SO­

25

1
2
9

8
136
19

484
51

117

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

8 7 .5 0

BS. 50- 1 1 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 9 8 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -

37
34

433
33
28
51

9 4 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 - 1 0 6.0 0

28

16

9 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

826

8
14

20
8

83
15
14
32

8

13
28
27

80
129

10
18
19

15
16

424

338

207

190
234
82

98
240
44

75
132
19

96

42
30

48
69

47

32

44

11
6

25

20

24
17

5

5

63

20
6
12
21

10
17

19
15

13

90
24

10

17

32

7

118
708

511
226
285

51
47

43
57

87
28

-----------------------

109

9 8 .5 0

9 9 .5 0

9 3 .5 0 -

110.00

10

2

10

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------

168
74

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

45
27

9 2 .0 0

9 0 .5 0

9 7 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

14

18

18

86.00

8 3 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 -

18

88.00

, f i l e , c l a s s b ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------

985
380
605
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7
7
7
8
7
7
7

5 .0 0 8 . DO 3 .500 .5 0 2 .0 0 0 .5 0 6 .0 0 -

8 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

2 76

21

66
210

8 0 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

33
15

39
28

898
153
745
69
89
529

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

6
7
6
6
7
6

8 .5 0 1 .5 0 8 .5 0 9 .5 0 1 . DO 7 .50-

7 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

296
25
271
19

295

111
21

CLERKS,

531
187
344
177

8
8
7
8
7

1
7
9
1
2

10 2.5 0
10 8.5 0
1 02.00
1 1 2.5 0
8 4 .0 0

80

38

20

13
67

2

1
13

36
145

CLERKS, F IL E ,
C L A S S C ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------

59

30
46
9
5

181
83

133

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

154

83
144
261

8 1 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

8

76
51
29

F IL E ,

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

A

c l e r k s

O RD ER

------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------

76
629
264
365

102
122
52

-----------

429

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------

126
303
44
67

CO MPTO METE R

R E T A IL

OPERATORS

TRADE

--------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




191

3
4
3
3

9
0
9
8

.0
.0
.5
.5

4
4
4
4
4

0
0
0
0
0

.0
.0
.0
.0
.0

9 4 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

9 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

9 3 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

9 1 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4.0 0

1 0 1.5 0

102.00

100.00

39
40
39
39

.5
.0
.5
.0

39
39
40
40
40
40

.5
.5
.0
.0
.0
.0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 6.5 0

100.00

7 7 .5 0

1 0 3.0 0
1 0 6.0 0

1 0 3.5 0

9 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 4.5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 2 9.0 0
9 0 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
1 0 1.5 0
9 1 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

8 7 .5 0

8 7 .5 0

.5 0 .0 0 .0 0 .5 0 .5 0 -

9 1 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

11

45
250
16
34

241

195
33

2
31

90
3
27
32

129
53
76

1
10
52

76
14

67
18

43

77

22

7

62
30

49
27

12

42
35
23

60
15

12

18

40
31
3

43
30
13

62

31

40
25

-

11 5.0 0
11 2.5 0
1 1 6.5 0
1 3 9.0 0
1 1 3.0 0
1 2 9.0 0

8 4 .5 0 9 2 .0 0 -

1 0 4.5 0
1 1 8.0 0

34

8 2 .0 0 1 3 0 .5 0 8 5 .0 0 7 9 .0 0 -

1 0 1.5 0
1 3 4.0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

32

6
76
33

15

45

2

7
26

1

55
23
32
7
16

57
9

52
17
35
18
17

54

10

12
1
62

22

19

40

23

27

3

11

10

13

2

8

55
17
38

50
27
23

1
11

3
3

26

16

48
15
33

16

2
10
10

14
14

13

6
7

23
16

2
2
1
13
13

1
33
33

%

170

-

102
12

$

%

160

C O NTINUED

C L E R K S , AC CO U NTING , CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------

CLERKS,

$
95

and
u n d er

Mean2

65

WOMEN

$

85

180

180

190

and
190

over

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y di v i si o n , M i n n e a p o li s—
St. P a u l , Minn. , J a n u a r y 1970)
^^^WeddyTarning^^™"
(standard)

Se x , o ccu p ati o n, and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y e a r n i n g s of —
*

wMkly
hours1
(standard)

S

60
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

S

s

S

*

$

S

$

$

*

t

*

t

*

$

*

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

7
7
5

50
14
36
24
1

119
37
82
12
4
2
33

191
98
93
5
34
5
48

181
106
75
1
29
14
22

218
122
96

147
96
51
5
23
8
13

66
33
33
12
11
1
9

51
12
39
19
9

8
2
6
2

13

-

15
7
8
5
2

10

13
5
7

-

-

-

n

2

“

“

~

“

*

13
3
10
10

2
2
-

-

-

-

and
under
65

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
39.5
39.5
39.0
40 .0
40.0
39.5
38.5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE4 -------------------------

1,599
44 5
1,154
33 5
221
151
42 1

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

OFFICE GIRLS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE4 ------------------------

477
137
34 0
57
2 03

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
38.5

SECRETARIES5 -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE4 -------------------------

5,264
3 , 130
2,134
305
3 78
335
791

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------

99.50
100.50 100.50
99.00
100.00
102.50 107.00
104.50 102.00
100.00 101.50
94.00
96.50
o
o

1,076
527
549
97
1 64
58)
168

O
O

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE4 -------------------------

92.50-106.50
94.00-106.00
90.50-107.50
84.00-117.50
95.50-109.50
98.00-104.00
89.50-103.00

"

-

11

36
28
17

20 6
59
147
29
24
24
68

274
116
158
21
43
36
52

250
97
153
31
34
21
62

89
39
50
16
3
8
17

161
25
136
38
41
25
26

50
4
46
18
5
9
13

31
14
17
9
5
2
1

30
7
23
17
5

8
3
5
2

1

3

14 3
9
13 4
22
92

11 4
44
70
12
48

92
49
43
7
22

80
34
46
5
30

18

13

3

_

3

-

6

18
7
3

13

3

-

3

-

6

_

6

-

6

12
2
10

35
4
31
9
2
1
8

102
17
85
4
10
2
34

231
101
130
20
21
16
51

325
205
120
27
14
13
45

616
382
234
11
55
48
105

617
40 2
215
25
33
34
109

4 80
310
170
12
20
51
70

687
46 6
221
27
41
51
83

49 9
296
203
18
48
36
73

502
288
21 4
19
20
43
81

571
338
2 33
43
45
21
86

288
161
127
37
28
13
35

170
98
72
24
29
3
4

67
43
24
11
4
2
3

35
15
20
7
6

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

22
10
12

12
10
2
1

15
1
14
1

30
12
18
2

38
21
17
3

45
26
19
4

60
26
34
4

63
16
47
17

46
17
29
10

40
31
9
1

15
13
2

1 17.50-138.50
1 21.50-142.00
106.00-131.50
1 02.50-147.50
1 23.00-129.50
1 07.00-130.00

-

_
-

-

•
-

47
3
44
3
2
34

53
25
28
3
2
20

38
21
17

117
78
39
2
8
22

111
58
53
2
5
29

168
74
94
2
30
41

241
174
67
4
8
37

164
127
37
7

63
52
11
3

11
6
5
3

3
16

-

-

107.00-126.0*0
108.50-125.00
103.50 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 04.00-138.00
1 02.00-137.00
108.00-122.50
102.50-121.50

-

27 8
196
82
8
5
12
54

231
172
59

349
27 9
70
4
6
21
37

234
178
56
9
8
16
13

2 22
174
48
10

221
123
98
20
12
5
40

27
10
17
3

43
27
16

13
6

7

4

7

3
1

2

5

1

-

74.00
76.50
72.50
71.00
71.00

6 9 .0 0 - 80.50
7 3 .0 0 - 80.00
6 8 .0 0 - 80.50
6 7 .5 0 - 79.00
6 8 .0 0 - 78.00

5
1
4
4

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

118.00
118.00
117.50
127.00
120.50
115.50
114.00

116.50
116.50
116.50
125.00
119.00
115.50
113.00

105.00-128.50
106.00-128.00
103.00-129.00
106.00 -1 4 4 .0 0
104.50-133.50
105.50-125.00
103.00-126.00

_
-

39 0
184
20 6
45

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
40.0

136.50
138.50
135.00
144.00

135.00
135.00
135.50
147.00

122.50-151.00
123.00-160.00
121.50-148.00
131.00-151.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE4-------------------------

1,110
63 3
477
41
58
22 7

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

127.00 128.00
131.50 132.50
121.50 124.00
127.00 130.00
125.50 127.00
120.50 122.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ---------------f i n a n c e 4-------------------------

2,018
1,361
657
97
83
122
27 2

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.5

117.00
117.50
116.50
124.50
121.50
115.50
111.50

-

-

-

-

2

-

16

-

1

14

22
-

-

22

16

32
14
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

10

10

3
1

10

2
-

33
5
28

69
29
40
8

74
38
36
11

195
121
74

7

7

3
20

5
13

18
15
30

-

-

-

20

-

8

14
9

-

101
2
99
99

_

25 8
60
198
45
30
17
106

75.50
76.00
75.50
73.00
74.00




2

-

10
2
8

102
10
92
19
7
66

80.50-100.00
8 3 .0 0 - 94.50
7 9 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
87.50-126.50
79.00-100.00
82 .5 0 - 99.50
7 6 .5 0 - 91.50

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of t a b le .

-

-

“

24
4
20
12
2
6

91.50
89.00
90.50
89.00
92.00
89.00
105.00 103.50
88.00
88.00
90.00
88.50
82.50
84.50

116.50
117.00
115.00
125.00
118.50
114.50
110.00

“

7

-

12

2

1
29
27

2

9
16

5
2

l

1

3
-

3
2

1

7

14
2
12
2

1 0

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u rs and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y di v i si o n , M in n e ap o li s—
St. P a u l , Minn. , J a n u a r y 1970)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Number

S ex , o c cu p a ti o n , and in d u s tr y d iv i si o n

of
w
oritere

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um be r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e wee kly e a r n in g s of—
i

60
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

t

and
un der

65

S

%

70

75

S
80

85

s

$

$

90

95

>
100

s

*
105

no

$
115

$
120

S
125

$
130

t
140

S
150

$
160

$
170

%

180

190
and

-

65

70

-

-

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

2
2

18
3
15

141
72
69
12
12
13
26

210
153
57
16
5
8
16

34 7
24 8
99
1
31
21
38

268
171
97
12
25
20
33

189
116
73
9
18
21
23

176
97
79
19
17
20
16

101
39
62
2
11
15
22

53
14
39
2
6

40
15
25
13
2

27
8
19
6

2
1
8

44
12
32
4
10
2
9

12
2
10
10

13

7

93
24
69
21
46

259
99
160
18
21
55
63

258
168
90
24
9
24
22

238
118
120
41
23
31
16

159
72
87
12
20
16
18

113
29
84
23
26
7
8

44
15
29
10
17

44
n
33
21
8
i

47
18
29
23
1
3

22
2
20
11
9

63
63
52
9
-

no
17
93
87
6
-

45
45
44
1

2
2
-

27
18
9
3
3

133
85
48
3
15
~
25

28 9
189
100
18
5
17
45

29 9
228
71
6
12
10
40

331
225
106
8
18
8
69

225
143
82
14
21
9
30

116
69
47
1
21
4
19

149
59
90
2
6
44
33

71
26
45
3
8
18
14

46
4
42
10
20
2
2

89
65
24
11
12
-

56
22
34
14
11
-

16
12
4

10
5
5

23
9
14

27
20
7

25
17
8

25
13
12

3
1
2

3
2
1

7
4
3

2
2

5
5

170

180

190

over

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
SECRETARIES5 - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

1,634
9 52
6 82
96
149
121
213

39,5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

$
$
107.50 106.00
106.50 104.50
109.50 108.50
113.00 112.00
110.00 108.00
107.50 109.00
107.00 106.00

99.50-115.00
100.00 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
101.50 -1 1 8 .0 0
101.50 -1 1 6 .5 0
97.50-116.50

92.50
89.50
95.50
125.50
94.00
89.00
82.50

8 4 .50-105.00
8 5.50- 96.00
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
100.00-135.50
8 0 .50-104.00
8 3 .5 0 - 95.00
7 8 .0 0 - 89.00

-

~

6
-

6
-

~
-

-

2
22
22
22
-

37
15
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
10
-

3
3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

39
2
37
20
16

6
2
4
4
-

3
~
3
3
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

_
~

-

_
-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

1,567
588
979
37 9
183
147
195

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
39.0

98.00
92.00
101.50
119.00
93.50
91.00
84.50

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N I O R ------------- --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

1,899
1,141
75 8
117
168
112
29 6

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

106.00
103.00
110.50
125.00
116.50
110.00
101.00

102.50
101.00
107.00
127.00
112.50
116.00
101.50

9 5 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
94.50-109.00
96.00-120.00
101.50-149.00
102.00-129.50
101.00-119.00
93.50-109.00

~
~
*

16

2
2
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

149
85
64

39.5
39.5
39.0

101.50
100.00
103.00

99.50
99.00
101.00

9 2 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 2 .50-105.50
92.00-109.00

_
“

_
“

1
“
1

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

336
73
263
33
89

40.0
4 0.0
40.5
4 0.0
39.5

89.50
94.50
88.00
108.00
83.50

87.00
89.50
84.50
107.50
80.00

7 8 .5 0 - 98.00
8 5 .50-101.00
7 7 .0 0 - 97.50
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 91.00

-

5
5
3

37
37

49
15
34
11

41
22
19
4
10

28
7
21
4
3

54
9
45
3
13

23
2
21
4
4

10
5
5
4
1

7
5
2
1

8
3
5
4

8
8
8

4
3
1
1

2
2
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

8

60
2
58
35

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4--------------------------------------

801
271
5 30
71
162
148
78

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
4 0.0
38.5

91.00
95.00
88.50
97.00
87.50
88.00
84.00

91.50
94.00
88.50
94.50
87.50
89.00
83.00

8 1 .5 0 - 98.50
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 - 95.50
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
78 .0 0 - 95.50
7 9 .5 0 - 95.00
77 .5 0 - 92.00

_
-

3
3
~
3

34
10
24
14
10
“

130
2
128
9
48
26
36

98
27
71
7
13
17
6

80
22
58
14
24
7

203
92
111
22
32
33
23

78
52
26
14
3

78
25
53
9
18
18
3

40
20
20
3
2
15

16
3
13
10
1
2

32
13
19
11
2

3
1
2

1
1
-

3
3
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

66
51

39.5
40.0

86.00
84.50

81.00
77.50

7 3 .5072.50-

_

_

24
24

8
4

8
6

8
7

3
3

3
'

2
*

4
1

_

_

_

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GE N ER AL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

37 6
124
25 2
174

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

90.50
92.50
89.50
86.50

88.50
93.00
87.50
85.50

8 1 .5 0 - 97.50
82.50-100.50
81 .0 0 - 95.50
7 9 .0 0 - 90.00

7
2
5
4

71
21
50
48

61
17
44
33

69
17
52
46

44
9
35
21

60
27
33
10

21
13
8
5

13
2
11
3

15
11
4

S e e f o o tn o te s at end of table,




94.00
88.50

16
16
-

_

_

-

-

1
21

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

_

_

~

“

“

_

1
1
-

-

_

_

“

*

6
6

3
1
2
1

7
1
6
2

4
2
2
1

-

_
-

_

“

~

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

11

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n e ap o li s—
St. P a ul , Minn. , J a n u a r y 1970)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f —
60

M ean *

M edian 2

M iddle

range 2

S

$

$

65

*
70

$

i

75

80

s
85

*
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

$
110

*
115

$
120

$
125

%

%

$
130

140

150

160

s

$
170

$
180

an d
under
65

190
an d

70

75

80

85

90

34
46

1^0
133

103
167

95

100

105

115

120

L 3 A jj 28
A
4L

20

31

18

110

125

130

140

150

160

8

180

190

over

1

j!
5

170

1

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
$

1 ,5 0 3

|0

7 ' 00
9 2 .0 0
W
rTtTt-L AL L

« .o

1K

8 9 .0 0
9 9 *9 9

9

8 6 .5 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0

6
Ft

_
300

3 0 .5

^ Q,. ^
755

nn
0 8 .5 0

n ^ . -n
0 7 *5 0

39

67

5
nn ' n
*
•
ni

1 KAUt
30

"

-n

7G " 0

-»a

312

67

2 Q

9 , *5 2
80 00
7 3 .5 0

1 17
*

216
2? /
7?

6 8 .0 0 -

8 2 .0 0

6^

243

171

7

I
185 T r l u l j v
36
62
51

f

112

109

H i
1r?
_

ft?

zz

10

8

a

5?
VO

65
20
8

^6
8

243

10

r» r»

^nn
A

or
93

8

-

* " 135
K t 1 A IL

50

19
7

8
15

VA
4

92
56

7
r?
1

a
8

23

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k fo r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se wee kl y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s co m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b by to tal ing the e a r n i n g s of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s p o s iti o n— ha lf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra t e shown; half r e c e i v e l e s s than the ra t e shown.
The m i dd le r a n g e i s def ined by Z r a t e s of pay; a f o ur t h of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a f o ur t h e a r n m o r e than
the hig he r r a t e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , co m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er public u t il it i e s .
4 F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
5 May in clu de w o r k e r s oth er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




1 2

Table A-la.

Office Occupations—Large Establishments—Men and Women

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s s t ud ie d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ,
by i n d u s tr y d iv i si o n , M i n n e ap o li s— t. P a u l , Min n., J a n u a r y 1970)
S
^^^Wedd^Tarnings^™,™
"
(standard)
65

70

75

N u m b e r of w o rk e rs r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y e a r n in g s of—
*
$
*
s
t
$
$
$
t
$
$
*
S
t
80
85
90
95
105
100
no
120
125
130
140
150
160
170
115

65

S ex , o c cu p a ti o n , and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hour*1
(standard)

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

13
1
12

6
6

5
1
4

_

-

1
1

1

3
3

3
3

11
3
8

3
3

13
9
4
i

$

$
60

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t

$

$

%

180

and
under
no

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

6
2
4

2
1
1

7
3
4

9
3
6
5

21
7
14
1

30
10
20
2

33
5
28
9

22
9
13
12

47
8
39
35

23
6
17
12

13
5
8
8

9
4

3
2

7
2

13
12

9
7

2
1

10
7

12
12

2
2

4
4

-

-

5
2
3
“

3
1
2
1

1
1
1

17

1

1

_

_

_

-

2

17
17

1
1

2
1
1
1

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

*

“

-

MEN
CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------

24 9
67
182
87

40.0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0

144.50 147.00
149.00 151.00
143.00 146.50
161.00 163.00

127.50-164.50
129.50-171.00
127.00-164.00
153.00-172.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

79
60

40.0
40.0

123.00
126.50

120.00
122.50

110.00-139.00
115.00-144.00

-

OFFICE BOYS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------

117
61
56
26

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

87.50
79.00
97.50
116.00

81.00
77.50
97.50
113.00

7 4 .5 0 - 99.50
7 1 .5 0 - 87.50
79.00-113.00
111.00-116.00

9
9
-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------

50

39.5

124.00

134.00

111.00 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

63

39.5

91.00

85.00

77.50-106.50

7
4
3
”

15
8
7
“

26
21
5

-

-

-

-

-

i

1

5

4

7

5

2

7

14

9

6

5

1

3

3

4

6

1
1

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

1

22

3

-

1

-

-

_

_

2

_

1

_

_

_

W EN
OM
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS B ----------------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

77 8
358
42 0
110
104

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
4 0.0

111.00 109.00
110.50 110.00
112.00 106.50
127.50 132.00
9 9 .5 0 100.00

99.00-120.50
102.00-118.50
94.50-126.50
99.00-150.50
91.50-107.00

_
-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE4----------------------------

1,500
52 8
97 2
26 4
93
30 7
20 7

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

92.50
89.50
94.50
103.00
90.00
87.00
100.50

89.00
88.50
90.00
97.00
87.00
85.50
94.00

82 .0 0 - 97.50
8 3 .5 0 - 93.50
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 95.50
8 0 .0 0 - 96.00
8 7 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

-

4

u

4

i
10

87
15
72

-

17

48
9
39
8
11

75
22
53
15
23

64
33
31
5
9

126
67
59
4
24

74
46
28
1
7

68
40
28
4
5

102
69
33
12
12

47
32
15

-

17
1
9

158
44
114
33
7
39
19

258
106
152
26
11
73
20

279
149
130
37
19
38
25

23 3
110
123
26
11
29
48

176
53
123
25
4
69
17

53
20
33
15
3
6
8

75
11
64
33
4
14
12

24
8
16
9
1
1
5

26
4
22
5
5
1
5

11

12
10
2

6
-

23
17
6

9
6
3

25
20
5

11
7
4

13
8
5

8
8
-

1
1

1
1
*

6
1
5

3
2

6
1

7
4
3

24
10
14

-

-

4

-

91.00-110.00
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
91.50-116.00

-

_
-

-

-

4
2
2

6

18
6
10

1
1
1

57
36
21
17

48
19
29
13

192
66
126
16

81
53
28
7

64
49
15
4

53
48
5
3

24
16
8
1

4

67
15
52
32

186
35
151
130

22
6
16
9

24
8
16
4

6
2
4
4

5
2
3
“

1
1

4
4

28
24

26
18

12
8

16
12

12
10

7
*

-

6
2
4

9
4
5

18
4
14

41
15
26
8
9

43
22
21

40
9
31
7
16

26

27

12

12

27
15
“

12
12

12
12

26
2
24
15
4

12

-

12
12
-

19

5

~

1

5

-

-

*
-

56
28
28
3
3

40
9
31
14

2

21
2
19
4
-

46
3
43
24
-

9

14

-

1

11

~

5
2
3
3

1
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

-

3

3

-

21
33

1

140
89
51

39.0
39.0
39.5

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

542
29 8
24 4
62

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

82.00
83.00
80.50
75.50

79.50
82.50
78.00
75.00

76.0076.5075.5069.50-

87.00
90.00
81.00
80.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------FINANCE4----------------------------

31 5
68
247
180

3 9.0
38.5
39.0
38.5

73.50
73.50
73.50
73.50

72.50
73.00
72.00
72.00

70.007 0 .5070 .0 0 70.50-

74.50
76.50
74.50
74.00

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

135
92

40.0
40.0

97.00
95.00

89.00
85.00

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
79 .0 0 - 96.50

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

30 2
10 6
196
58
73

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
4 0.0
39.5

104.50
99.50
98.50
102.50
105.50
99.50
120.00 124.00
98.00
98.50

90.00-116.50
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
90.00-117.00
93.50-143.00
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

_
“




-

-

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of t a b le .

99.50
99.50
97.50
99.50
103.50 100.00

-

-

4
-

~

10
10

-

-

2

i

1

6

7

9

3
1
2

-

1

5

-

-

6

-

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

1

7

19
3
11

2
“

30
11
19
1
10

2

7

2

-

-

-

-

*

6
3
3
2
“

10
7
3
l
1

13
8
5
5

-

6
2

10
10

-

-

“

“

23

3

3

-

-

-

23
16

3
3

-

3
3
"

13
Table A-la.

Office Occupations—Large Establishments—Men and Women— Continued

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ,
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 )

W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of

Mumbe r of v o r k e r s r e c e iving s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
t

weekly
hours1
(standard)

t

60
Mean2

Median 3

Middle range 2

$

i

65

70

75

S

$
80

85

$

i

90

95

i

$
100

%

105

S

i

no

115

$

1
120

125

$
130

$
140

t

%

150

160

170

*

s
180

and
under

190
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

-

11
11
11

28
2
26
26

30
30
30

21
4
17
17

39
7
32
30

27
4
23
16

44
26
18
16

13
3
10
10

7
2
5
2

5
4
1
-

4
4
-

7
7
3

34
1
33
“

3
3
-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

42
10
32
24
7

103
37
66
12
21

107
76
31
5
19

143
104
39
I
11

131
93
38
11

107
86
21
5
6

43
33
10
2
7

18
12
6
i
2

5
2
3
2

10
10
3
-

14
7
7
5
-

10
10
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
*

_
-

_
-

15
4
n
9
2

24
7
17
17

5
3
2
2

101
2
99
99

13
3
10
10

2
2
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

27 7
61
216
161

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

99.50
106.50
97.50
89.00

$
97.00
102.50
94.00
89.00

$
$
8 b . 0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
8 3 .00-108.00
80 .5 0 - 97.50

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

73 8
460
278
65
86

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
38.0

99.50
100.50
98.50
95.50
96.00

99.00
100.00
95.50
86.50
94.00

91.50-106.00
9 4 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
8 7 .50-105.00
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 8 .50-103.50

*

-

5
5
5
"

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

894
366
528
251
114
111

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

94.50
90.00
97.00
108.00
88.00
87.50

90.00
89.00
92.00
116.00
87.00
90.00

8 2 .00-100.00
8 2 .5 0 - 94.00
8 2 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
8 4 .50-127.50
8 1 .0 0 - 94.00
8 0 .0 0 - 93.50

-

-

27
10
17
7
5

142
53
89
45
16
23

124
55
69
20
24
11

146
87
59
7
24
17

168
92
76
8
20
39

65
29
36
12
7
12

45
15
30
18
5
4

17
4
13
4
9

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

325
108
217
56
123

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

74.00
75.50
73.50
73.00
72.00

73.00
75.50
71.50
71.00
70.00

6 9 .0072.0068.0067.506 7 .50-

78.00
79.50
77.00
79.00
74.00

5
1
4
4
-

97
9
88
22
60

10 0
41
59
11
39

66
35
31
7
11

39
22
17
5
10

13

-

1

_

3

_

1

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

13
7
3

-

1

-

3

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S 5 -----------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------PUBLIC u t i l i t i e s 3 ----------------------

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

119.50 117.50 1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
119.00 117.00 1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
121.00 1 1 9.00 1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
130.00 128.00 1 0 5 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
127.00 124.00 1 1 6 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
115.00 115.00 10 5 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
119.00 119.00 1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

_
~
-

_
-

_
~
-

2
2
-

9
4
5
-

WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

3,812
2,739
1,073
218
121
281
341

38
15
23
4
3
2
8

122
74
48
12
2
16
17

231
160
71
27
4
13
11

414
323
91
9
7
37
27

434
334
100
19
6
34
34

367
276
91
9
5
36
39

539
412
127
11
17
51
43

391
27 0
121
12
22
36
37

347
259
88
11
9
18
35

438
304
134
24
13
18
66

241
158
83
28
12
13
17

142
94
48
23
16
3
“

57
38
19
11
2
2
3

24
14
10
7
1
1
1

9
2
7
5
1
1

7
7
6
i
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

204
122
82
36

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

144.00
145.50
142.00
143.50

142.50
143.00
142.00
145.50

129.00-159.00
128.00-164.00
130.50-151.50
128.00-152.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

72 6
52 7
199
30
77

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

133.00
134.00
129.00
139.50
128.50

133.00
135.00
128.00
141.00
129.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------- -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

1,493
1, 186
307
69
102
108

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

119.00
119.00
120.00
122.00
115.50
122.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

1,295
90 4
391
57
121

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le .




-

1
2

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

1

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
“

-

2
1

3
1
2
1

6
2
4
2

23
19
4
3

21
14
7
4

37
21
16
4

36
13
23
8

27
13
14
10

31
26
5
1

14
12
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
2

122.50-143.00
125.50-144.00
118.00-137.50
119.50-158.00
120.00-134.50

_
-

_
-

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

8
8
-

12
3
9
3
1

25
15
10
3
2

29
21
8
7

75
49
26
2
10

62
39
23
2
9

97
69
28
2
13

190
145
45
2
26

148
127
21
7

“

-

7

61
52
9
3
-

11
6
5
3
1

3
3
2
"

3
1
2
1

2
2
1
-

118.50
118.50
118.50
116.00
116.00
122.50

110.50-126.50
111.00-126.00
108.00-131.50
9 9 •5 0 - 1 4 1 •0 0
106.50-122.50
113.50-133.50

-

-

-

-

3
1
2
-

7

5
2
-

20
9
n
8
3
-

46
29
17
11
5
-

104
79
25
5
14
5

181
148
33
8
12
11

181
148
33

2 06
173
33
3
16
9

184
162
22
4
6
12

173
123
50

36
27
9
6
1
-

12
6
6
4
1

4
2

2
2
2

4
35

24
10
14
3
5
2

2
2

14
17

310
264
46
4
21
17

_
-

108.00 106.00
106.50 105.00
111.00 109.50
113.00 108.50
107.50 109.00

100.00-115.00
100.50-112.50
100.00-121.50
9 7 .00-134.00
101.50-116.50

-

~
-

2

2
-

6
3
3
1

30
10
20
4
2

99
65
34
4
13

174
131
43
16
8

29 3
241
52
1
21

22 0
171
49
6
20

149
106
43
6
21

135
97
38
3
20

85
39
46
2
15

35
14
21
-

29
15
14
9

26
8
18
6

12
2
10
-

-

_
-

2

7

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

14
Table A-la.

Office Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women— Continued

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s em p l o y in g 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e ,
b y in d u s t r y di v i si o n , M i n n e ap o li s—
St. P a u l , Mi nn., J a n u a r y 1970)

s

Average
weekly

S ex , o c cu p a ti o n , and in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

houn1
( standard)

s
60

s
65

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
$
s
$
s
$
$
%
%
$
95
10 0
105
110
115
120
125
130
140

s
70

75

%

%

%

%

150

160

170

180

190

Me an2

u nde r
65

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

o v er

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
$
92.50
89.00
100.00
127.00
85.00

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

1,094
51 0
58 4
3 30
90

39.5
39.5
4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5

99.00
90.00
107.00
119.50
85.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

1,336
972
3 64
84
53
166

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

105.00 102.00
102.50 101.00
111.00 105.00
131.50 139.50
112.00 112.00
104.50 103.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

103
65

39.5
39.5

102.00
100.50

101.00
100.50

165
61
104
33

39.5
40 .0
39.5
40 .0

96.00
97.00
95.50
108.00

94.50
93.00
95.50
107.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

118
66
52

39.5
40.0
39.5

99.00
101.00
96.00

97.50
101.00
92.50

88 .5 0 9 2 .5 0 8 5 .5 0 -

188
80
108
85

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

89.00
88.00
90.00
89.00

87.00
85.50
88.00
87.50

1, 135
7 89
34 6
53
176

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

94.00
95.50
91.50
90.50
88.50

91.00
91.50
88.50
89.00
87.50

85.0086.008 3 .5085.5082.00-

957
567
39 0
83
77
191

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0.0
39.0
39.5

85.50
86.00
84.50
100.00
79.50
80.50

82.00
82.50
81.00
97.00
78.50
80.00

7 7 .0 0 - 89.50
7 7 .5 0 - 90.00
7 6 .0 0 - 88.00
87.00-114.00
7 4 .5 0 - 83.50
7 5 .5 0 - 85.00

180
108
72
32
12

107
59
48
12
11

60
29
31
7
3

34
12
22
8
-

27
1
26
21
1

16
16
13

13
2
11
11

52

92
7
85
85

35

52
52

35
34

10
~
10
10

3
3
3

-

-

-

21
14
7
3
1

97
80
17
3
2
7

202
157
45
9
3
23

238
181
57
6
3
35

26 5
21 0
55
8
6
31

173
143
30
6
14

96
69
27
1
9
15

78
45
33
3
26

33
16
17
1
2
12

22
4
18
4
10
2

62
45
17
11
6
-

16
2
14
14
-

22
2
20
20
-

6
2
4
4
-

3
3
3
-

-

-

13
10

8
5

14
9

13
7

18
17

15
8

3
1

13
2
11
-

10
3
7
-

39
22
17
4

16
7
9
4

28
9
19
3

13
2
11
4

10
5
5
4

7
5
2
-

8
3
5
4

4
3
1
1

2

8
8

2
1

-

-

-

2
2

16
6
10

17
7
10

17
8
9

16
9
7

18
15
3

10
10
-

4
3
1

11
3
8

1
1
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

3
2
1
-

37
19
18
16

34
17
17
14

49
17
32
28

23
9
14
11

12
7
5
4

9
1
8
5

9
2
7
3

1
1
-

3
1
2
1

3
1
2
2

4
2
2
1

15
9
6

68
34
34
1
27

196
128
68
11
33

252
163
89
18
48

246
190
56
7
28

138
106
32
7
14

53
36
17
7
8

28
12
16
2
11

14
3
11

5
2
3

4
i
3

66
65
1

5

81 .0 0 - 94.00
8 0 .0 0 - 93.00
8 2 .5 0 - 95.00
8 2 .0 0 - 93.00

231
158
73
24
17

2
2
-

86 .5 0 104.50
87 .5 0 106.50
8 5 . 5 0 - 104.00
96.00-121.50

166
95
71
18
21

131
58
73
3
17
37

242
146
96
8
24
56

227
144
83
7
18
48

122
73
49
7
5
34

59
36
23
10
4
9

56
35
21
18
3

19
12
7
3
3
1

8
3
5
4
1

4

63
56
7
7

2

2

2
2

2
2

91.50-108.50
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

40
24
16
13

28
15
13
12

86.0 0 106.50
8 4 .5 0 - 94.00
8 8 .0 0 129.00
9 8 .5 0 135.50
7 9 .0 0 - 92.00
9 5 .0 0 9 4 .5 0 9 7 .0 0 102 .0 0 102.009 6 .5 0 -

110.00
108.00
121.00
153.00
127.00
115.00

3

4

3
-

4

-

-

“

106.50
107.50
103.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE4 -------------------------------------T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING
RETAIL TRADE - FINANCE4 -----------T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
RETAIL TRADE ----FINANCE4 --------------

97.50
98.00
96.00
97.50
93.50

-

3
3

11
4
7
2
3

3
2

-

7
4
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

2

-

*

_
*

1
1
*

-

_
~

-

46
40
6

3

1

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

-

~

-

2
-

4
4

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to
th e s e w e e k l y h o u rs .
2 F o r de finition of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er pu bli c u t il it i e s .
4 F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
5 M a y in clude w o r k e r s other than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




15
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M in n e a p o lis— t. P a u l, M inn. , J a n u a r y 1970)
S
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hour*1
standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

$

$

%

$

I

$

$

s

$

$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

80

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

70

$

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

“

-

“

10
1
9

32
15
17

34
14
20

67
43
24

63
29
34

35
17
18

10
7
3

~

1
-

11
5
6
2
3

50
21
29
2
11

121
54
67
18
27

140
72
68
13
3
29

78
28
50
16
13
16

67
9
58
27
11
20

37
10
27
3
6
18

11
2
9
5

106
54
52

36
25

12
5
7
3

11

6

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5
4

12
1
11
11

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

18
18
18

1
1
-

32
8
24
14
9

66
12
54
1
35

-

1
1
-

-

12
l
11
8

22
3
19
15

31
16

36
17
19
6

s

s

anc*
u n der

190

200

—

—

190

200

210

7
5
2

1
1

10
10
“

1
1

30
1
29
22

22
7
15
3

73
13
60
16
23

45
19
26
14
6

88
36
52
8
1

34

19
4

s

%

$

i

220

230

240

250

—

—

—

—

220

230

240

250

260

2
2
-

3
1
2

-

-

-

29
4
25
10

38
16
22
5

11
6
5
1

9
4
5
4

84
45
39
18
3

45
33
12
6
4

41
32
9
2
3

14
8
6
4
-

2

26
17
9

21
17
4

17

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

1

14

-

210

$

1
1

20
19

$

7
3
4

9

104
69
35
5

7

60
14
46
4
32

$
180

-

260

270

-

and
over

270

M EN AND W OMEN C O M B IN E D 3
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

27*
1*4
130

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 0 .5 0
144.5 0
136.0 0

$
139.0 0
1 4 0.0 0
1 3 7.0 0

$
$
1 2 8.50-150*00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

518

3 9 .5

203

3 9 .5

1 2 7.0 0
1 2 4.0 0

1 2 5.5 0
1 2 3.0 0

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 37 .5 0
1 1 6.5 0 -1 30 .5 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -------------------------------F I N A N C E 5 --------------------------------------------------

315
6*
55
129

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 9.0 0
1 4 0.5 0
1 2 9.0 0

1 2 8.0 0
1 4 2.0 0
1 3 4.0 0

1 1 7.5 0 -1 42 .5 0
1 3 1.0 0 -1 48 .0 0
1 1 7.5 0 -1 42 .0 0

1 3 0.0 0

1 2 9.0 0

1 1 7.5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

---------------

348

1 0 8.5 0

108.5 0

-----------------------------------------

172
176
41

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 13.00

1 1 2.5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 17 .0 0
1 0 6.0 0 -1 18 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

104.5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

103.5 0
103.0 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

60

3 9 .0

1 0 2.0 0

9 8 .5 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

224
76
148
81

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

199.0 0
2 2 2 .0 0

1 9 6.0 0
2 1 1.0 0
1 8 3.5 0

1 7 4.0 0 -2 11 .5 0

1 7 3.0 0

1 6 2.5 0 -1 87 .5 0

517
208
309
85
106

39
39
39
40
38

.0
.5
.0
.0
.0

1 7 0.0 0
1 8 1.5 0
1 6 2 . 5C
1 7 0 . 0C

172.5 0
1 8 5.0 0
1 5 9.5 0
1 6 8.5 0
1 4 8.0 0

1 5 3 .5 0 -1 88 .0 0
1 7 0.0 0 -1 96 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0 -1 79 .0 0
1 5 7.0 0 -1 87 .0 0

219

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 5 4.0 0

1 5 2.0 0
1 6 5.0 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 73 .0 0
1 4 1.5 0 -1 83 .5 0

14 6.0 0
1 3 4.0 0

1 2 9.5 0 -1 61 .5 0
1 2 2.0 0 -1 51 .0 0

COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

MANUFACTURING

CLASS

C

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------F I N A N C E 5 -------------------------------------------------COMPUT ER P R O G RA M E R S,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
---------------------------------F I N A N C E 5 -------------------------------------------------CO MPUTER P R O G RA M E R S,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------F I N A N C E 5 -------------------------------------------------COMPUTER P R O G R A M E R S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------F I N A N C E 5 --------------------------------------------------

101
118
50

1 8 7.5 0
175.5 0

1 4 7.5 0

1 62.50
1 4 6 . 5C
1 36.50

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 55 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 48 .0 0

1 9 8.0 0 -2 51 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0 -2 0 2 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0 -1 58 .0 0

4
4
4

-

-

1

1
19
2

17
8

-

-

•

-

*

11

6
-

2

2

15
8

11
23
5

27
7

15
5

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 4 1.5 0
2 6 0 . 0C
2 3 2 .0 0

2 4 0.0 0
2 5 7.0 0
2 3 1.5 0

2 1 6 .0 0 -2 68 .5 0
2 4 1 .0 0 -2 8 2 .5 0
2 0 2 .0 0 -2 5 2 .5 0

6

173

6

14

F I N A N C E 5 --------------------------------------------------

105

3 8 .0

2 1 4 .5 0

2 1 8.5 0

1 9 6.0 0 -2 33 .0 0

4

14

3 9 .5

2 0 2 .5 0

2 0 5 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 22 .5 0

88

3 9 .5

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------------F I N A N C E 5 --------------------------------------------------

62

3 9 .0

1 8 7.5 0
1 7 8.5 0
1 7 8.0 0

1 7 4.5 0 -2 16 .0 0
1 7 5 .5 0 -2 00 .5 0
1 5 9.0 0 -1 92 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

CO MPUTER SY S T E M S
B U SINESS, CLASS

ANALYSTS,
C ----------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le ,




77

188.5 0

1 8 5.0 0

1 6 2.5 0 -2 12 .5 0

3

_

-

-

_

11
10
1
-

4
4
-

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

—

9
7

12
8

17

23
9

19
6

14

34
22
12

30
13
17

1
3

1

4

2

-

6

11

13

28

24

-

-

6

11

“

~

6

11

1
27
22
5

7
17

""

12
1
11

2
11

1
10

13
3
5

-

-

-

4

5

2

18

5

13

2

9

9

23
6
12

*

“

-

_

—

32

32

2
30
24

13
19

22
16
6

8

1

14

17

1

10
4
-

12
5
3

1
-

”

-

~

_

_

21
21

1

“

13
6
7
-

4
2
2
1
-

2
1
-

21

-

-

-

-

3
2
1
-

-

13
4

21

-

2 0 8 .5 0 -2 3 7 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 2 0 .5 0
191.5 0
187.0 0
175.5 0

2 1 9 .5 0

139
34

o
o

227

-----------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

-

-

2
2

263
90

ANALYSTS,
B ----------------------------------

-

-

4

COMPUTER SY S T E M S A N A L Y S T S ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

COMPUTE R S Y STE M S
B U SINESS, CLASS

-

-

”

4

5

-

15
7
8

“

-

63
6 33
7 30
5

5
5
-

2
1
1
-

“

3

1

_

1 6

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations---- Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earn in gs fo r sele cted occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du stry division , M inneapolis—
St. P au l, Minn. , Jan u ary 1970)
^ ^ ^ V e e k l^ ^ a n d n g ^ ^ ^ ™
(standard )
Number

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d ivision
workers

$
w eek ly
h ou rs1
(standard )

$
80

70
M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

S

90

100

$

no

N um be r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e wee kl y e a r n i n g s of—
s
$
t
$
t
%
$
S
*
S
$
%
*
120
130
140
150
160
170 180
190
200
210
2 20
230
240

s

i

250

s
260

and
un der

91 9
66 2

4 0.0
40.0

$
$
$
$
191.00 189.00 1 7 5 .0 0 -2 0 5 .0 0
186.50 186.00 1 7 1 .5 0 -2 0 1 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------

86 6
70 5
161
50

40.0
4 0.0
40.0
40.0

154.50
152.00
166.00
168.00

155.00
151.00
166.00
167.00

143.50 -1 6 6 .5 0
141.50 -1 6 2 .5 0
160.00 -1 7 5 .0 0
158.00 -1 7 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------

74 A
602
142
45

40.0
40 .0
40.0
40.0

127.50
125.50
134.00
141.50

126.50
125.50
135.50
138.00

120.50-135.00
120.00-132.50
124.00-141.50
134.00-152.50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ----------------------------

63

102.50

101.00

93.50-112.50

151.00
154.00

153.50
157.00

139.50-161.50
147.50 -1 6 2 .5 0

90

“

10 0

-

-

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

20 0

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

over

”

1
~

2
1

17
16

50
50

88
82

155
125

164
115

125
90

117
75

93
69

47
26

33
11

24
-

3
2

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

110

“
'

1

O
o

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

2 70
and

80
MEN

t

12
10
2

14
14

49
48
1
~

77
76
1
*

201
190
11
3

186
160
26
14

151
97
54
13

100
55
45
12

45
35
10
5

28
17
11
3

3
3
-

_

_

_

_

118
107
11
1

301
26 0
41
4

174
124
50
24

87
69
18
4

13
1
12
6

7

1

7
5

6

8

2

1
1
**

2
2

8
1

32
21

21
11

42
36

43
42

6
5

-

-

*

“

-

4
4

9
9

-

-

-

-

30
28
2
-

3

24

19

“

-

”

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W EN
OM
158
122

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING -----------------------------1
to th e s e
2
3
4
5
6
7

40.0
40.0

.

4
4

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r
w eek ly h o u rs.
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
S e p a r a t e e a r n in g s in fo r m a tio n fo r m e n an d w o m e n not a v a ila b le fo r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
W o r k e rs w e re d istrib u te d a s fo llo w s:
7 a t $ 2 7 0 t o $ 2 8 0 ; 11 a t $ 2 8 0 t o $ 2 9 0 ; 3 a t $ 2 9 0 t o $ 3 0 0 ; 6 a t $ 3 0 0 t o $ 3 1 0 ; 2 a t $ 3 1 0 t o $ 3 2 0 ; 2 a t $ 3 2 0 t o
W o r k e rs w e re d istrib u te d a s fo llo w s:
11 a t $ 2 7 0 t o $ 2 8 0 ; 3 a t $ 2 8 0 t o $ 2 9 0 ; 2 a t $ 2 9 0 t o $ 3 0 0 ; 1 2 a t $ 3 0 0 t o $ 3 1 0 ; a n d 2 a t $ 3 1 0 t o $ 3 2 0 .

Table A-2a.

p rem ium

$ 330;

rates),

and

2

at

and

$340

the

to

earn ings

correspond

$350.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Large Establishments

(A verage straig h t-tim e weekly hours and earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied in estab lish m en ts em ploying 500 w ork ers or m ore,
by in dustry division, M inneapolis—
St. P aul, M inn., Jan u ary 1970)
W eekly e a m in g ^ ^ ^
(standard)
N um ber

»

Average
weekly

S

$
70

>

of
workers

hours1

(standard)

M ea n2

MEN AND WOMEN CO M BINED 3
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

192
130
62

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

141.50
141.00
143.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------FINANCE5- - --------------------------------

37 2
19 4
178
62
61

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
38.0

128.50
125.00
132.00
140.00
135.50

See footnotes at end of table.




M ed ia n 3

$

M id d le range 2

140.50
138.50
144.00

131.00-151.00
130.50-150.00
1 32.00-152.00

126.50
123.50
132.00
141.50
140.00

118.50-138.50
117.00-131.00
1 21.50-146.00
1 31.00-147.50
1 25.50-152.00

80

90

80

Sex, occupation, and in dustry divi.sion

90

ioo

-

-

-

Number of w orkers receivin g straigh t-tim e weekly earn in gs of—
*
$
*
t
$
t
»
*
»
$
$

*

$

$

t

i

(

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

19 0

20 0

21 0

220

2 30

240

250

260

270

n o

12 0

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

2 20

23 0

2 40

25 0

2 60

27 0

over

19
15
4

19
14
5

52
41
11

48
27
21

28
17
11

9
7
2

7
5
2

1
-

-

2
2
-

3
1
2

-

-

4
1
3

-

2
2
1

33
21
12
3

74
52
22

111
70
41
13
8

64
28
36
16
10

50
9
41
27
13

24
10
14
1
13

11
2
9
5
4

1
1

1
1

and
under

“
_

”

1
1
1

-

8

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

Table A-2a. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Large Establishments— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied in establishments employing 500 workers or more,
by industry division, Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn. , January 1970)
Weekly earnings^^^
(standard)
S ex, o ccu p ati o n, and i n d u s tr y di v i si on

Average
weekly
hours1

Number
of
workers

(standard)

$
70
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

%

80

t

t

90

100

N u m b e r of wo r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y e a r n in g s of—
S
t
$
%
%
(
$
t
$
$
150
160
170
180
190
200
120
130
140
210
220
no

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -----------

23 8

40.0

80

230

240

t
250

*
260

and
u nde r

$
$
$
$
111.00 112.50 1 0 3 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
113.00
107.50 111.00
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

27 0
and

80
M E N AND WOMEN C O M B I N E D 3—
Continued

t

$

$

90

10 0

110

120

130

140

150

4

14

21

55

94

35

10
5

180

190

11
7

11
1
ID

^5

240

2 50

260

270

o v er

5

3

12

1

2

10
10

1

2
*

7

13

16

2

15

170

230

5

12

160

2 00

210

220

11
8

6

COMPUTER PROGRAHERS,
126

39.5

212.00 206.00
224.00 214.00
197.00 193.50

184.00198.00-

243.00
252.50

172.00 -1 9 7 .5 0

40.0

183.00
166.00
1 I •sV

1

69
60

40.0
39.5

168.00
153.50

177.50
155.00

TG

3 .0

263.00 259.00 2 4 3 .5 0 -2 8 3 .0 0
< . 3 6 .0 0 2 3 0 . 0 0

39.0

1

1
1

1
1

F6
10

12

2?

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
197
19A

39*5

186.00
.00

11
t6

19

2?
if

52
**

8
1

ft

2?
??
7?

13

*

17
1

8

2
5

A

1

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
151.50143.50-

1
1

188.50
165.00

7
5

*4
11

n
18

14
2

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
*

2

*

2

1

2
5

7

7

;
*

re

12

26

15

12

17

2

2

1

5

2

7

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

•

o?n*nn
a
* 0
i a n • ««

187.00 -2 2 5 .0 0

1

8

12

23

5

r4

_

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
53

40.0

200."'0

192.50

180.50-227.50

51 9

40.0

188.50

188.50

173.00173.00-

1

2

7

1-3

2

28

2

85
78

86

2

6

1

*
5?
8

6

*

2

71

46

27

5

2
5

2
1

3

1

MEN

O

/ QQ
430
50
39

1

?
I

h i*??
**

i

4 *0

1

16 . 0

'0 0
40.0
39.5

^ 0( 1 2 5 . 0 0 1 1 9 . 0 0 133.50
124.50 124.00 1 1 8 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
142.50 138.50 1 3 4 .0 0 154.00
155.00
142.50 138.50 1 3 3 .0 0 -

44 1
j

202.50
202.50

.00

14

35

1

121

I
3

23
23

101
100

93

60

'
1

2

2
1

17 6

1

104
80
24
18

52
L4
11

42

rj
f?

5

fi
2

11

2

11
5

3

1

10

6

1

W EN
OM
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

1
to these
2
3

145
110

4 0.0
40.0

151.50
155.00

153.50
157.00

141.00150.00-

161.50 163.00

-

-

-

2

7
1

25
14

21
11

42
36

38
37

6

4

Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
weekly hours.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Separate earnings information for m e n and w o m e n not available for these occupations.
4
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
6 Wo rk er s were distributed as follows: 7 at $270 to $280; 11 at $280 to $290; 3 at $290 to $300; 6 at $300 to $310; 2 at $310 to $320; 2 at $320 to $330; and 2 at $340 to $350.
7 Wo rk er s were distributed as follows: 7 at $270 to $380; 3 at $280 to $290; 2 at $290 to $300; and 2 at $310 to $320.




1 8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s t r y di v i si o n , M i n n e a p o li s— t. P a u l , Minn. , J a n u a r y 1970)
S
A ve rage

O ccu pa ti on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

N um ber
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BI L LI N G
MACHINE) --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----

A verage

O ccu pa ti on and in d u s tr y di v i si o n

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
[standard)

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

Average

O ccu pa ti on and in du s tr y d iv i si o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

898
153
745
69
89
529

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 8 .5

$
73.5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
77.5 0
7 3 .5 0
72.0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

964
263
701
534
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 4.00
1 1 0.00
1 1 5.50
1 2 4.50
7 8 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

694
308
386
120
51
122
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 7.50
107.00
1 0 7.50
12 2 .0 0
1 0 2.00
1 0 0.00
1 0 3.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

433
126
307
48
67
191

3 9.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

1,076
527
549
97
164
58
168

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES4 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

5,2 7 5
3 , 133
2,142
311
380
335
791

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

118 .0 0
118.00
117.50
127.50
121 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

390
184
206
45

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0.0

1 3 6.50
138.50
1 3 5.00
144.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

1,1 1 5
634
481
43
58
227

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 9 .5
39.5
38.5

127.50
1 31.50
1 2 1.50
128.00
1 2 5.50
120.50

9 7 .5 0
1 0 4.50
9 4 .5 0
1 2 9.00
90.5 0
87.5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

2 ,0 2 2
1 ,362
660
1 00
83
1 22
272

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0.0
3 8 .5

1 1 7.00
117.50
1 1 6 .5 0
125 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
115 .5 0
111 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0.50
10 0 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 0.00
9 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

1,636
953
683
97
149
121
213

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0.0
39.5
3 9 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
11 3 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 7.00

137
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
95.5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

153
135

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
93.5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

271
116
155
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

112 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
108 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------------

486
160
326
89
117

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

93.0 0
9 9 .5 0
90.0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

1 ,8 8 4
627
1 ,2 5 7
261
320
257
285

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 6.50
120 .0 0
1 4 1.50
1 2 0.50
1 0 9.00
1 1 3.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

3 ,6 1 5
922
2 ,6 9 3
488
361
457

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
104 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

CLASS A
m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
FINANCE3 ---------------

283
109
174
26
77

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
110.50
89 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

1,6 0 7
448
1,159
338
223
151
421

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
92.0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
88.5 0
90.0 0
84.5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PU8LIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------w h o l e s a l e t r a d e -------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

1,567
588
979
379
183
147
19 5

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
119 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
91.0 0
8 4 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE -----FINANCE3 ---------------

990
380
610
62
83
144

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

81.5 0
85.0 0
7 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
75.0 0
7 8 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R LS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

653
208
445
45
64
66
248

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 8 .0 0
77.0 0
7 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
82.5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------

1,9 0 0
1 ,141
759
118
168
112
296

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9.5
4 0.0
4 0.0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 3.00
1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 6.50
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

CLERKS,

FILE,

191

54

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




E a r n i n g s in f o r m a t i o n f o r c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m e r s , and c o m p u t e r s y s t e m s
a n a l y s t s i s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 2 . S e p a r a t e e a r n i n g s in f o r m a t io n f o r m e n and w o me n , u s u a l l y p r e s e n t e d
in t a b le A - 2 , i s not a v a i l a b l e f o r th e s e o c c u p a ti o n s in th is a r e a .

19
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined —Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y di v i si o n , M i n n e ap o li s—
St. P a u l , Minn., J a n u a r y 1970)
A verage

O ccu pa ti on and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

N um ber
of

A verage

O ccu pa ti on and in d u s tr y di v i si on

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

A verage

O cc up ati on and in du s tr y di v i si on

N um ber
of

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS 151
85
66

39.5
39.5
39.0

102.00
100.00
106.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

33 8
73
265
36
90

60.0
60.0
60.5
60.0
39.5

89.50
96.50
88.00
108.50
83.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------------

801
271
53 0
71
162
168
78

39.5
60.0
39.5
39.5
60.0
60.0
38.5

91.00
95.00
88.50
97.00
87.50
88.00
86.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

116
58
58

39.5
39.5
39.5

136.50
169.00
119.50

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

2,101
755
1,366
137
182
94
850

39.0
39.5
39.0
60.0
60.0
39.5
38.5

82.50
86.00
80.50
99.50
86.50
81.50
75.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

9 44
687

60.0
60.0

190.50
186.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------- NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------

882
713
169
50

60.0
60.0
40.0
60.0

156.50
152.00
165.50
168.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------

758
6 16
166
65

60.0
60.0
60.0
6 0.0

127.00
125.50
136.00
161.50

110
71

60.0
60.0

98.50
96.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 e arnings 1
(standard) (standard)

160
126

6 0.0
6 0.0

151.50
156.50

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------

113
72
35

39.5
39.5
60.0

118.50
119.00
128.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

106
85

39.5
39.5

92.50
92.00

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------------

376
126
252
176

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

90.50
92.50
89.50
86.50

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------------

1,503
866
63 9
85
72
69
38 8

39.5
39.5
39.0
60.0
60.0
39.5
38.5

96.00
95.00
92.00
102.00
90.50
96.00
88.50

T Y P I S T S , CLASS 8 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRA0E -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 -------------------------------------PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w ee kl y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , co m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er public u ti l it i e s .
3 F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 May inc lude w o r k e r s o the r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




Table A-3a. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s s t u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m pl o y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ,
by i n d u s tr y d iv i si o n , M in n e ap o li s—
St. P a u l , Mi nn., J a n u a r y 1970)
A verage

A verage

O cc u pa ti on and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

Number
of

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 e arnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------

64

3 9.5

$
9 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

1,027
425
602
197
125
114

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 9.50
1 1 6.50
121.00
1 4 2.50
1 1 5.00
1 01.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ---------------FINANCE3 -------------------------

1,579
547
1 ,032
278
135
307

94.0 0
9 0 .0 0
96.0 0
104 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
101 .0 0

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

O ccu pa ti on and i n d u s tr y di v i si o n

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

$
9 9 .0 0
90.0 0
107 .0 0
119.50
8 5 .5 0

111

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
97.5 0
1 0 8.00
88 .0 0
87.5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

1 ,337
972
365
85
53
1 66

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.5
4 0.0
4 0.0
3 9 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
111 .5 0
131.50
112.00
104 .5 0

442
169
273
45
64
138

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

78.0 0
76.5 0
78.5 0
103 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
73.0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 03
65

3 9 .5
39.5

102 .0 0
100.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------

167
61
106
34

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

96.0 0
97.0 0
95.5 0
108.50

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
3 9 .0

119 .5 0
119.00
121.00
130.50
127.00
115.00
119.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 18
66
52

39.5
AO • 0
3 9 .5

99.0 0
101 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

81

3 9 .5

117 .5 0

144 .0 0
1 4 5.50
142 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPFRATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

900
369
531
254
114

OFFICE BOYS AND G IR LS -------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------

86

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
RETAIL TRADE ------

545
298
247
25
62

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

82.00
8 3 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
109.00
75 .5 0

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

3 ,8 1 6
2 ,7 3 9
1 ,077

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING FINANCE3 --------------

315

73.5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
73.5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

204

247
180

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

82
36

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ORDER --------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

158
59
99

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 2.50
111.50
9 7 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

331

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

108.00
107.50
1 0 8.50
1 2 6.50
98.0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

726
527
199
30
77

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

133.00
134.00
129.00
139.50
128.50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0.00
106 .5 0
98.5 0
130 .0 0
89.0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

1,496
1 ,186
310
72

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

119 .0 0
119 .0 0
1 2 0.00
123 .0 0
115.50
122 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------

1,2 9 6
904
392
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

108 .0 0
106 .5 0
111 .0 0
113 .0 0
107 .5 0

22 0
46
161

222
121
281
341

122

102
108

121

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------

122 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GE N ER AL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

1 88
80
108
85

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
38.0

89.0 0
88.0 0
90.0 0
8 9 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

1 ,135
789
346
53
1 76

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

94.0 0
9 5 . 50
91.5 0
90.5 0
88 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS 8 ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

959
567
392
85
77
191

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 5 .5 0
86.0 0
84 .5 0
1 0 1.00
79.5 0
80.5 0

S ee fo otn ote s at end of tab le .




27

o
o

100.00
97.5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

*

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

281
61

CONTINUED
1,094
510
584
330
90

146
89
57

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S
RETAIL TRADE -----

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------FINANCE3 --------------------------------------

211

70
73

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

$
9 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
98.5 0
95.5 0
96.0 0

738
460
278
65

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING —

120
211

Number
of

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------ —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

68

O ccu pat ion and in du s tr y d iv i si o n

E a r n i n g s i n f o r m a ti o n f o r co m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s , co m p u t e r p r o g r a m e r s , and c o m p u t e r s y s t e m s
a n a l y s t s i s p r e s e n t e d in tab le A-Za. S e p a r a t e e a r n i n g s in f o r m a t io n f o r m e n and women, u s u a l ly p r e s e n t e d
in ta ble A-Za, i s not a v a i l a b l e f o r th e se o c c u p a ti o n s in th is a r e a .

21

Table A-3a.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Large Establishments—Men and Women Combined— Continued

(A v era g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied in e sta b lis h m e n ts em ploy in g 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e ,
by in d u stry d iv isio n , M in n eapo lis— t. P a u l, M inn ., Ja n u a r y 1970)
S
Average
Number
of
workers

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Average
Number
of

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
544
531

4 0 .0

1 8 8 .0 0
1 8 8 .5 0

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------------------

505
449
56
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

$

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

Number
of
workers

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv isio n

$

1 5 3 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

492
442
50
39

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

126.00
1 2 4 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0

N U R S ES ,

INDUSTRIAL

(R E G I S T E R E D )

-----

147
112

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 5 .5 0

1 S tan d ard h o u rs r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r o tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of p ay fo r o v e rtim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s
c o rre sp o n d to th e se w eekly h o u rs.
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er p u blic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in an c e, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 M ay in clu de w o rk e rs oth er than th o se p re se n te d se p a r a te ly .

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m en in se le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , M in n eap o lis— t. P a u l, M inn ., J a n u a r y 1970)
S
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of--u m b er

Hourly earnings 1

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv isio n

i

Number
woikers

T nJ e r 3 . 0 0
T
U d
Mean 2

Median 2

$
3 .60

s

s

s

$

$

s

3 .80

A . 00 4 . 2 0

4 .4 0

4 .60

4 .8 0

5 .00

5 .20

5 .40

5.60

5 .8 0

6 .00

6 .20

6 .40

3 .40

3.5 0

3 .60

3 .70

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 ,2 0

6 .4 0

o v er

8

9
9
-

6
6
-

21
16
5
4

11
10
1

_
-

54
45

S

3 .20

3 .20

3.3 0

1
1

33
15
18
18

$

$

»

t

s

$

*

t

and
Middle range 2
3 • 00 under

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----

227
13 5
92
31

$
4 .36
4 .0 9
4 .75
3 .37

$
4 .1 2
4 .1 0
4 .65
3 .29

$
$
3 .5 9 - 5.15
3 .6 2 - 4 .2 0
3 .3 7 - 5 .89
3 .2 4 - 3 .38

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

417
337
80

4 .80
4 .7 9
4 .8 0

4 .91
4 .55
5 .22

4 .1 6 4 .1 8 3 .8 6 -

S ee footn otes at end of ta b le .

$
3.50

*

%

3.1 0




3 .30

*
3 .40

s
3.10

5.22
5.06
5.27

-

~

-

-

-

_
-

1
-

1

_
-

-

8
8
-

-

-

10
9
1

21
8
13

9

4 .4 0

20

27
26

54
53
1

1

32

16

13
7

44
38
6

15
17

16

30
29

41
39

62
60

44

1

2

2

42

2

3
2
1

61
56
5

3
2
1

22

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s s t ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y di v i si o n , M i n n e ap o li s—
St. P a u l , Mi nn. , J a n u a r y 1970)

M edian 2

M iddle ran ge 2

t
s
$
$
3.60 3.70 3.80 4 .0 0

t
$
4.20 4 .4 0

$
4.60

t
4 .80

S
5.00

3.30 3 .40

3.70 3.80

4.40 4 .6 0

4.80

5.00

5.20

8
8

20
20

-

-

-

-

3.10

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

615

$
4 .16

255

4 .2 8

360

4 .07

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

255
131

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

162
62
100

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,171
174
997

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

$
4 .2 1
4 .18

$
3 .9 8 -

4 .4 9

3 .9 8 -

4 .27

55

3 .71

4 .22
3 .76

62

4 .05

4 .06

3 .9 0

3 .78
4 .2 9
3 .54

124
29

4 .20
3 .5 7

-

-

-

$
4 .31

3 .9 8 -

3.20

3 .3 8 3 .8 8 -

3 .96
4 .21

3 .4 9 -

4 .31

3 .7 7 -

4 .5 9
3 .78
3 .75
3 .93
3 .56
3 .95

3 .38

3 .33

3 .4 2 3 .0 8 -

3 .61
3 .37
3 .75

3 .58
3 .39
3 .90

3 .4 0 3 .2 5 3 .5 3 -

86

3 .75

3 .92

3 .5 1 -

3 .99

3 .96

301

3 .99

3 .96

3 .8 3 3 .8 3 -

4 .1 6
4 .1 6

863

4 .4 4

4 .40

4 .3 1 -

4 .5 6

853

4 .4 4

4 .40

4 .3 1 -

4 .2 3
4 .31
4 .2 3

4 .0 0 3 .9 1 4 .1 1 -

4 .2 8
4 .5 0
4 .2 7

4 .24
4 .1 2

4 .2 0 3 .8 0 -

4 .2 8
4 .1 6

3 .9 8
3 .98
4 .00

4 .0 2
4 .01
4 .14

3 .5 9 3 .6 3 -

4 .3 4
4 .3 4

3 .5 3 -

4 .35

4 .42
4 .42

4 .41
4 .41

4 .1 0 -

4 .5 8

4 .1 0 -

4 .58

888
71

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 ,08 3
920

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

316

163

314

4 .1 3
4 .1 5
4 .02

-

over

-

-

-

-

11
11
-

3
3
3
-

48
13
35
11
15

82
59
23
18
1

120
61
59
3
30

195
5
190
13

80
67
13
1
2

24
22
2
1
1

30
30

15
15

16
16

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

68
41
27
9

2
2
2

31
8
23

1
1

13
10
3
3

2
1
1
1

10
8
2
2

15
13
2
2

15
2
13
13

33
20
13
11

8
1
7
4

6
4
2
~

58
1
57
50

1
1

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

25
25

20
20

16
16

117
117

76
76

13
13

34
34

-

“

-

-

-

4

41
41

74
74

2 64
264

305
30 4

9
9

5
5

94
89

10
10

-

-

-

*

46
46

-

“

11
11

-

“

_
-

2
2
-

18
18
18

2
2
-

9
i
8
2

..
-

9
8
1
-

101
22
79
60
18

154
42
112
75
10

88
2
86
41
42

721
44
677
676
1

42
35
7
7

11
2
9
9

8
8
-

6
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

-

_
-

22
22

7
7
-

36
36
-

44
5
39

57
57

97
89
8

32
24
8

61
60
1

145
133
12

171
152
19

269
220
49

110
89
21

7
2
5

1

-

_
-

-

1

16
16
-

-

_
-

_
“

-

_
-

-

6
6

3
3

6
6

9
9

7
7

8
8

11 3
112

2
2

89
88

_

44
44

-

-

“

“

29
29

-

-

2

8
8

84
84

17
17

-

-

*

-

14
14

16
16
20

~

_
-

_
8
8
_
12
12

35
35

32
32

11
11

8
8

-

-

-

-

5
2
3

2
1
1

-

4
2
2

11
4
7

7
7
-

12
11
1

27
25
2

11
6
5

18
11
7
4

-

9
6
3
3

-

-

19
15
4
-

89
89
70

•
-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

9
9

15
15

-

79
79

8
-

-

1
-

-

25
25

-

-

1
-

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

36
36

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

7
4

“

16
16

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

13
13

-

11
11

”

4
4

“

27
27

~

~

-

-

2
2

-

-

4
4

-

-

18
18

_

-

_

_
-

-

10
10

10
10

10
10

15 4
154

51
51

96
96

178
178

176
176

556
5 56

157
157

71
71

*

-

-

*

-

“

*

3 .79
3 .7 9

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

234

4 .98

5 .5 6

90

4 .3 5

4 .17

4 .1 5 3 .9 4 -

5 .76
4 .4 9

144
77

5 .37

5 .7 4

5 .7 0 -

5 .78

5 .63

5 .75

5 .7 2 -

5 .77

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

140
130

5 .00
5 .0 1

4 .9 6
4 .9 5

4 .9 1 4 .9 1 -

5 .00
4 .99

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

66
61

4 .90
4 .9 1

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE - MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

79
79

4 .42
4 .42

4 .4 3

3 .7 5 -

5 .23

4 .4 3

3 .7 5 -

5 .23

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS-------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 ,4 6 9

4 .4 8

4 .6 4

4 .3 2 -

4 .7 7

_

1,46 9

4 .4 8

4 .6 4

4 .3 2 -

4 .77

-

_

6 .0 1

_

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f ts .
F o r de fin it ion of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er pub li c u t il it i e s .
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




6.40

7
7

3 .1 4 -

1
2
3
4

6.20

4
4

3 .1 4 -

5 .85

5.80 6 .0 0

39
3
36
“

3 .71

4 .3 3 -

5.60

4 .20

4
4
4

3 .7 2

4 .3 3 -

S
6.40

_
-

3 .57

4 .3 8

S
6.20

5
5
4

3 .57

4 .3 8

$
6.00

10
10

239
237

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------

S
*
5.60 5 .8 0

10

4 .5 6

4 .14
4 .19

24
24
18
-

$
5.40

8
2
6

3 .96

301

-

3.50 3.60

t
5.20

o

M ean2

$
$
i
*
3.20 3 .3 0 3.40 3 .5 0

*
o
o

O cc u pa ti on and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

$
$
IT ^
3 * 00 3 . 1 0
%
and
3 . 0 0 under

*

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings 1
N um ber
of
w oikers

-

“

-

20
-

-

23
Table A-4a.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—Large Establishments

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ,
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 )
Hourly earnings 1

Numbe r of w o rke r s re ce ivin g stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earnings of—

S
O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv isio n

2 .9 0

Number
wodcers

Mean 2 Median 2

Middle range 2

$
3 .0 0

$

t

$

3 .1 0 3 .2 0

$
4 .2 9
4 .2 7

$
$
$
4 .1 3
3 . 5 8 - 4 .8 3
4 .1 4
3 . 8 1 - 4 .4 6

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

106
60

4 .3 2

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

382
305
77

4 .7 7
4 .7 8
4 .7 4

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------

244
107

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------

206

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------

75

3 .5 2

3 .5 4

3 . 4 4 - 3 .6 4

1

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

198
198

3 .9 8
3 .9 8

3 .9 7
3 .9 7

3 . 8 1 - 4 .1 6
3 . 8 1 - 4 .1 6

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

801
791

4 .4 7
4 .4 7

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---

250
56
194
146

4 .0 6
3 .9 6
3 . 7 9 - 4 .2 5
4 .3 3
4 .2 6
3 . 9 5 - 4 .8 1
3 .8 8
3 .9 8
3 . 7 7 - 4 .1 9
4 .0 1
3 .8 7
3 . 7 6 - 4 .2 4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

601
447
154

4 .1 6
4 .3 1
3 . 9 6 - 4 .3 7
4 .2 1
4 .3 2 4 . 0 1 - 4 .3 8
4 .0 0 4 . 19
3 . 4 0 - 4 .3 6

-

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------

308
306

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

4 .4 1
4 .4 1

-

OILERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------

195
193

3 .7 0
3 .7 1

3 .7 4
3 . 2 8 - 3 .8 0
3 .7 4
3 . 2 8 - 3 .8 0

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

159

4 .6 9
4 .3 8

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------

140

1 37
37

108
98
27

88
71

130

3 .2 8 -

5 .8 1

1
-

~

3

_

18

“
_

5 .1 0
5 .0 5
5 .2 7

-

4 .2 3 4 .2 2 4 .0 4 - 4 .5 4
4 .4 7
4 .5 7
4 . 1 3 - 4 .9 3
4 . 19
4 .0 4
3 . 8 0 - 4 .2 7

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3 .6 1

3 .6 3

3 .3 5 -

3 .9 5

3 .7 8
4 .3 6
4 .3 2
3 .5 4
3 .4 8
3 .1 9
3 .3 5

5 .0 8

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

4 .9 8
4 .9 4

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

61

4 .7 0
4 .7 0

4 .3 9
4 .3 8

-

~

-

4 . 3 2 - 4 .5 7
4 . 3 2 - 4 .5 6

4 . 4 3 - 5 .7 6
4 . 9 1 - 5 .0 0
4 . 9 1 - 4 .9 9

-

10

.70

$

%

$

$

S

S
$
t
(
$
5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

$

$

6 .0 0

$
6 .2 0 6 .4 0

10
10
3

4
2

-

_

_

-

10
10

_

_

-

-

-

6

3
3

-

2

-

4
2

1

-

2

_

1
1

1

_

-

“

-

-

4 .9 3 4 . 1 7 - 5 .2 5
4 .9 3
4 . 1 7 - 5 .2 5

7
-

40

2

*

1

2

1

_

-

2

_

-

42

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

21
21
305
304

43
8
i
34
35
19
34

113
112

27

11
1

2
2
_

6
25

18
6

8
7
1
1
7
45
21

-

9

1
-

2
5

*

14
14

-

_

6
6

-

-

”

10
10

"

~

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

29
29

-

-

41
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

16
16

“

-

_

-

15
15

-

-

9
9

44
44

9

-

-

19

-

6

-

-

15
4

8

-

-

1

3
-

11
11

79

-

-

-

-

-

41

-

-

-

“

“

-

25
25

-

3
3

-

-

-

7

_

16

-

4

_

27
27

-

-

79

4

_
_
-

-

16
16

11
7

-

89

1

-

*
13
13

8
8

11
2
9
9

89

-

2
2

94
2

88

-

2

-

1

4

3
2

-

9

60 250
60 250

36
36

4

-

16

-

-

1

-

-

16
16

15

-

_

12

7

-

1

15

-

-

-

16

1

30
30

8

-

15

44

-

-

-

17
17

7

_

-

84
84

11
4

16

2
42

8

24

-

1

20
20

~

22
2

44
98 247
66
198
38
82
6
16
49

7

8

31
-

2

3

35

24
48
23

7

8

“

_

26
1

9

6

-

1
-

4 . 3 4 - 6 .0 1
4 . 3 4 - 6 .0 1

60
60
27

1

2

62

5

76

72

9

6

55

60

8

41
62
39
60

5

13
10

76

27
27

-

6

over

1
55

37
37

8

3

-

38
30
8

3

1
3

8

1

-

_

11

-

4
16
16

5

30
29
1

67

63
28
35

-

1"
-

_
-

*

4

_

-

15
8
7

3

6

6
11

-

3

-

~

_

-

32
32

4

39

”
8

8
20
20

39

“

-

6
-

-

3

47

-

10

_

-

-

20
27
9

7

10

-

11

-

~

-

8

-

_

1
1
-

7
2
-

54
53
1

1

6
-

-

1

2

25
24

27
13
14

3
3

27

54
45
9

~

3
-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2

3

-

_

-

-

_

39
36

1
1

-

-

*

_
-

_

-

“

-

-

-

13

-

_

~

-

4
4

-

-

4

6

-

-

-

1

4
4

1

15
13

-

38
3

1

-

41

11
10

6

_

16
3
13

1

-

2

-

1

18
18

-

5

7
1
5

6 .4 0

4 .8 0 5 .0 0 5 .2 0 5 .4 0 5 .6 0 5 .8 0 6 .0 0 6 .2 0

3 .80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0

6

-

-

-

3 .7 0

6

-

-

5

6
9

18

-

-

-

9

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts,
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .




3 .6 0

_

-

1

-

*

1
-

-

-

-

4 . 0 5 - 4 .6 4
3 . 4 2 - 3 .7 4
3 .0 7 - 3 .7 3

4 . 1 1 - 4 .5 8
4 . 1 1 - 4 .5 9

5 .7 1

-

3 . 4 8 - 4 .3 8

4 .4 4 4 . 0 1 - 5 .7 0
4 .1 7
3 .9 6 - 4 .5 0

5 .0 0 4 .9 6
5 .0 1
4 .9 5

62
59

3 .7 7

t

*

3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3

6

-

_

5 .2 2

6
-

21

1

4 .1 9 -

4 .9 1
4 .5 5

$
3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .3 0

3 .3 0 3 .4 0

4 .3 0 3 .8 5 -

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

61

3 .8 5

S

and
under
3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0

166

$

4

-

-

-

16
-

_

-

~

24
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 )

Hourly earnings 2

N um ber of w o rk e rs

i
1 .8 0

t

t

1 90

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

233
233

405
4
401

69

68

*
1 .70

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

woikers

Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range3

S
1 70

$
2 .5 4
3 .2 0
2 .2 0

$
2 .0 9
3 .0 7
1 .88

$
1 .8 4 2 .8 9 1 .8 1 -

$
3 .15
3 .59
2 .0 9

”

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

498

3 .2 4

3 .1 4

2 .9 0 -

3 .6 3

5 ,0 5 6
1,909
3 . 147
275
104
523
610

2 .6 0
2 .8 3
2 .4 6
3 .1 5
2 .7 4
2 .5 4
2 .4 1

2 .6 3
2 .7 9
2 .3 8
3 .0 8
2 .6 4
2 .6 0
2 .6 1

2 .2 9 2 .6 4 2 .1 1 2 .8 8 2 .3 3 2 .2 2 2 .0 6 -

2 .8 5
2 .9 8
2 .68
3 .42
3.3 1
2.8 1
2 .6 8

8
1
7
-

*
2 .40

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .80

$
2 .9 0

(
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

*
3 .4 0

3 .60

$
3 .8 0

4 00

2 00

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .90

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .80

4 .0 0

4

69

116
8
108

3
3

4
4

17
7
10

7
5
2

11
4
7

16
5
11

114
101
13

1 42
114
28

47
23
24

57
39
18

42
7
35

124
85
39

158
1 00
58

34
19
15

-

-

JANIT OR S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
I W EN I -----------------------------------------OM
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE5 -----------------------------------

1,518
195
1,323
49
60
704

2 .1 6
2 .6 7
2 .0 9
2 .5 1
2 .0 9
2 .0 9

2 .0 7
2 .6 4
2 .0 6
2 .2 8
2 .0 7
2 .0 6

2 .0 3 2 .4 6 2 .0 3 2 .2 2 2 .0 0 2 .0 3 -

2 .1 7
2 .9 2
2 .1 0
2 .9 7
2 .1 4
2 .0 8

11
11
~
-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------

5 ,234
2,4 1 4
2,8 2 0
844
1,398
525

3 .2 5
3 .0 8
3 .3 9
3 .4 8
3 .5 3
2 .8 9

3 .25
3 .0 5
3 .51
3 .45
3 .7 4
3 .3 0

2 .9 7 2 .8 9 3 .2 4 3 .2 5 3 .3 7 2 .2 0 -

3 .6 0
3 .23
3 .8 0
3 .5 9
3 .83
3 .5 4

_

ORDER F ILL ERS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

3,6 0 4
645
2 ,9 5 9
1 ,765
620

3 .4 6
3 .2 3
3.51
3 .5 4
3 .2 8

3 .6 9
3 .31
3 .71
3 .72
3 .5 9

3 .3 2 2 .9 1 3 .4 5 3 .4 3 2 .8 7 -

3 .7 6
3 .4 9
3 .7 7
3 .7 7
3 .73

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

1,4 9 4
814
680
536
124

3 .2 7
3 .0 4
3 .5 5
3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 .28
2 .9 9
3 .7 1
3 .7 3
3 .6 5

2 .8 8 2 .7 3 3 .5 8 3 .5 7 3 .6 2 -

3 .72
3 .1 5
3 .76
3 .77
3 .6 9

PACKERS, SHIPPING IWOMENI -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1,502
186

2 .7 5
2 .3 8

2 .93
2 .5 6

2 .3 3 2 .0 1 -

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

659
307
352
160
163

3 .4 9
3 .5 2
3 .4 7
3 .4 7
3 .4 9

3 .5 0
3 .51
3 .5 0
3 .5 9
3 .4 7

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

555
323
232
168

3 .5 3
3 .4 5
3 .6 6
3 .71
3 .5 8

3 .5 7
3 .3 9
3 .7 3
3 .7 3
3 .7 5

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




56

1
1
*

~

20 4 . 4 0

ove r

16
16
”

-

“

-

68

-

-

1

3

1

4

7

5

4

-

95

99

16

39

7

84

98

19

16

-

664
14
650

372
60
312

468
22
446
i
8
33
~

170
87
83
1
2
16
6

301
1 18
183

980
415
565
8
19
115
233

402
255
1 47
6
i
14
69

3 51
2 36
11 5
64
i
19
14

325
250
75
30

175
69
106
36
7
44

87
68
19
15

260
1 80
80
41
21
18
~

12 8
73
55
33
10
10
2

78
38
40
39
1

2

18
3
15

2
2

1
32
255

139
14
125
1
12
19
“
200
200
20
16

50
12
38
19
19

13
11
2

41
41

16
12
4
~

98
50
48

9
6
3
3

8
7
1
1

56
43
13
13

11
11
-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
1
23

80
6
74

3
3

64
24
40

1 91
1 02
89

258
215
43

201
163
38
30
8

537
10 1
436
27
367
42

703
2
7 01
1 62
513
26

46
46

42
1

765
12 8
637
300
1 35
1 65

22
22

-

884
421
463
265
163
35

_

78
6

495
455
40
1
36
3

372
276
96
83

24
16

369
3 51
18
6
6
6

23
10
13
6
7

53
27
26

12
12

33

59
49
10

*

76
65
11
6
5

22
9
13

26

33
12
21

287
90
197
180
17

13

9

313
119
194
1 66
25

434
12 1
313
15 8
1 03

1759
54
1705
1034
238

307
60
247
164
67

18
16
2
2
-

55
18
37
36
1

95
95

140
140

15
15

-

-

144
1 42
2
2
*

103
103

*

104
102
2
2
-

-

48
23
25
25
-

109
17
92
72
-

53 1
73
458
359
99

48
10
38
22
16

-

~

-

10 1

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

134
63
71
22
36

77
42
35
28
7

180
83
97
38
59

14
2
12
12

-

11
11

104
61
43
27
15

128
41
87
86
1

99
39
60
32
28

19
7
12
12

~
-

-

52

10

1
1
1
*

59
59
6

23
23

-

16
-

912
912
2
21
625

18

9

47

44

-

-

-

11
57
~

-

-

-

9

47

44

-

-

9

2
37

-

-

2
16

44

23

71

3

-

17

23

26

25

26

15

-

-

45
19
26
24
2

-

23

17

-

26

-

-

-

2
2

39
37

26
26

50
50

-

619

243
-

_

-

1

2

17

-

27
27

-

1

-

-

17
11
6

16
11
5
5

1

2
2
*

14
11
3
3

46
31
15

-

20
2
18
12
1

-

15

100
24
76
30
35

4
3
1

10
10

5
3
2
2

1

13
10
3
3

49
35
14

19
18
1

91
84
7

8

-

8
8
-

30
20
10
6
4
126
7

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

4
2
2

3 .0 0
2 .71

2
2

21
21

11
11

12
12

6
6

3 .2 4 3 .1 8 3 .2 8 3 .2 9 3 .2 7 -

3 .83
3 .83
3 .83
3 .83
3 .85

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

3 .2 9 3 .1 9 3 .5 7 3 .6 2 3 .5 2 -

3 .79
3 .7 0
3 .8 4
3 .81
3 .8 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

62
6

-

-

~

1 82
6

4

-

5
1
4
4

-

1

-

3
1
2
1

-

~

16

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

-

_

15

1

~

4
“

10
10

-

23

-

~

102
101
1

21
12

26
13
13

-

-

~

42

“

25
2
3

17
1

~

-

10
37
17

~
2

18

~

(
4 .4 0

28
2
26

-

-

1
4 .2 0

-

7
“

-

$

and

30
2
28

-

t

$
2 .3 0

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE5-----------------------------------

-

t

2 .0 0

$
2 .2 0

and
under

1 ,616
545
1,071

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

re c e ivin g stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earnings of—

t
2 .1 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
3
2
1
-

1

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

10

-

-

-

*

-

-

6

1

~

2
-

-

-

-

15
“

-

-

-

-

-

2

”

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

39
-

-

39
-

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

30
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

10
10

-

-

25
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , M in n e ap o lis— t. P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a r y 1970)
S
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s tr a ig h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n in g s of—
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

A
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n
Mean 3 Median 3 Middle range 3

A

A

*

t

A

A

A

A

1 .70

1 .80

1 .90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .30

2 . A0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 . A0

3 .60

3 .8 0

A . 0 0 A . 20

$
A.A0

1 .90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .10

3 .20

3 . A0

3 .60

3 .80

A . 00

A . 20 4 . 4 0

o v er

5

22
6
16
1
15

-

A6
37
9

68
2A
AA
30
A

10 1
70
31
28
1

81
31
50
27
13

A1
3A
7
3
A

10
10

-

36
25
11
6
5

15
10
5
5

83
A3
A0
A0

208
159
49
15
26
~

132 13A7 3 3 0 0
A8
386
A23
8A
961 2 8 7 7
27
1A2 2 3 2 1
27
A7A
301
3A5
1
225

38 A
19
365
77
288
“

27
9
18
18
-

$
1 . 7 0 u nde r
1 .80

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

A36
2A2
19A
95
66

$
3 .55
3 .6 3
3.A 6
3 .6 8
3.1A

$
3 .6 6
3 .7 0
3 .5 7
3 .73
2 .9 8

$
3 .3 3 3 .3 5 3 .1 6 3 .5 3 2 .5 9 -

5,598
1 , 1A1
A, A57
2 ,6 7 6
1,118
596

3 .81
3 .6 7
3 .85
3 .8 9
3 .8 5
3 .69

3 .91
3 .68
3 .92
3.9A
3 .85
3 .68

3 .7 1 3 .6 0 3 .7 8 3 .9 1 3.7A 3.6A -

3 .9 6
3.8 8
3 .97
3.9 7
A .00
3.8 5

and

$

TRUCKDRIVERS6 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

19

A58
208
250
113

3 .5 6
3 .6 3
3 .5 0
3 .6 2

3 .82
3 .8 7
3 .59
3.8A

3 .3 0 3 .5 2 3 .2 6 3 .8 0 -

3 .89
3 .9 5
3 .85
3.8 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

2 , A17
2AA
2,1 7 3
1.A 70
387

3 .8 2
3 .6 7
3 .8 3
3 .87
3 .83

3 .91
3 .6 6
3.91
3 .9 3
3 .80

3 .7 0 3 .3 6 3.7A 3 .8 8 3.7A -

1,693
209
1 , ABA
916
503

3 .8 7
3 .A A
3 .9 3
3.9A
3.9 2

3 .9 5
3 .2 9
3.9 6
3 .9 5
3 .99

3 .9 0 3 .2 5 3 .9 2 3 .9 3 3 .8 1 -

815
A33
382

3 .7 8
3 .7 8
3 .7 8

3.7 5
3 .6 9
3 .76

3 .6 6 3 .6 5 3 .7 0 -

1,717
1 ,136
581
5A
367
157

3.A 6
3 .36
3 .68
3 .55
3 .68
3 .70

3.A 8
3 .32
3.7A
3 .3 9
3 .75
3 .68

3 .1 9 3 .1 1 3 .6 5 3 .3 2 3 .7 1 3 .6 3 -

3 .7 9
3.7A
3.81
3.9A
3 .79
3 .88

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

337
2A5
92
61

3.A 8
3 .5 2
3 .3 8
3 .25

3.61
3 .62
3 .27
3.2A

3 .2 8 3 . 3 A—
3 .2 2 3 .1 9 -

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

~

3 .66
3 .67
3 .63
3 .2 7

-

_

20
2
18
6
2
10

16
1A
2
2
-

18
2
16
10

16
1A
2

1
1
1

4
A
4

-

-

13
10
3
3

-

19
19
A

“

~

”

“

”

15

1

4

_

19

1

4

-

3 .87
3 .86
3.91

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

-

1

“

“

5

18
18

3 .9 9
3 .66
3 .99
3 .98
A . 05

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE I ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

-

1

5

3.9 6
3.91
3.9 6
3.9 7
3 .97

TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

_

-

~

-

-

6
5
1

-

1

19
-

1

19

3 .86
3.89
3.8A
3 .91
3 .82

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT IUN0ER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS,

1
2
3
4
5
6

HE AV Y

(OV ER

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

13
10
3

-

-

-

19
15

-

5

-

3

29

70
21
A9
1

29

“

“
10
10

~

65
25
A0
A0

59
39
20

37
5
32
27

9
ii

“

7
5
2

“
6A9
560
120
1 85

1 15
1 15

25
22
3

1 87
A8
1 39
22
117

1038
18
1020
812
1 A3

3

2

_

_

_

2

“

110
1 09
1

166
16A
2
2

16
4
12

-

-

”

-

-

“

~

“

-

66
66
-

_
-

27
26
1

58

12

-

“

-

-

1

1

“

_
-

“

59

_

50A
2AA
260

_
-

5
5

1

A8

27

-

18
18

A8

396
2A0
156
22
69
65

_
-

1

-

1
1

2A
8
16
16

A02
71
331

1A

11

1

187
167
20
2
1

25A
77

113

73

171

15

A0

11
A

A0

A

1A0

31

”

-

323

6
317
77
2A0

_
-

9

_
-

29
18
11
11
~

_
-

17
17

~
5

-

5
5

“
_
-

-

2
2

5
5
-

”

“

3
3

-

“

7
1

6

5
5

-

-

“

A8

302
188
11A

277
220
57
28
18

■

"

1505
50
1 A55
1256
1 A3

89

-

13
13

2A5
125
120
87

A TONS,

D ata lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e foo tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th er pu b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and typ e of tr u c k o p e r a te d .




s

-

4
4

“

_

_

-

-

2 6

Table A-5a. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—
Large Establishments
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earn in gs for sele cted occupations studied in estab lish m en ts em ploying 500 w ork ers or m o re,
by in dustry divisio n , M inneapolis— P au l, M inn., Jan u ary 1970)
St.
Num ber of w ork ers receivin g straig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs of—

Hourly ear nings 2

Under
M e“

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------- -----RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------JA NITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

3

M ed ian 3

M id d le r a n g e 3

1 ,2 1 5

$
2 .6 7

$
2 .8 7

$
1 . 8 5 -

$
3 .3 5

5 0 0

3 .1 9

3 .0 4

2 . 9 0 -

1.80

$
$
$
1.90 2 .00 2 .10

$
2.20

S
$
$
S
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .50 2 .6 0

1.80

O ccupation 1 and in dustry division

Number
of

$
1.70

1.90

2.00 2 .10 2 .20

2.30

2.40

23 3

141

1
1

4
4

%

$
2.70 2 .80

$
2.90

$
S
n
$
3.00 3.10 3.20 3 .40

$
3.60

2.80 2 .9 0

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80 4 .0 0

140
112

47
23

57
39

42
7

114
85

128
70

30
19

%

and
1 . 7 0 under

t

_

69
”

37
1

3
3

2.50 2 .60
10
7

7
5

2.70
10
4

16
5

110
99

_

3 .2 1

3 .1 0

2 . 9 0 -

3 .4 9

-

-

-

-

1

3

1

4

7

5

4

-

93

97

16

39

7

84

68

19

16

-

2 .7 0

2 . 6 0 -

2 .9 7

1 ,2 4 2

2 .8 8

2 .7 6

2 . 6 5 -

3 .0 4

9 7 5

2 .5 2

2 .6 2

2 . 0 6 -

2 .8 4

8
1
7

2 .5 9

2 . 1 6 -

2 .6 7

7

49
41
8
1
6

137
66
71
58
4

161
127
34
30
2

114
59
55
36
17

44
28
16
13
3

194
153
41
35
3

55
38
17
16
”

“

3
3
“

-

2 .4 6

28
8
20
1
13

90
53
37
27

2 2 8

13
6
7
7

-

3 .1 1

-

27
4
23
1
16

-

3 .3 7

308
308
16

_
-

2 . 8 9 -

12
2
10
10

56 5
393
172

3 .0 5

14
14
14

61
33
28

2 1 8

30
2
28
-

“

6 5 4

2 .3 1

2 .1 2

2 . 0 5 -

2 .6 2
2 .9 2

“

50
12

9
9

_

2 . 4 7 -

4
-

31

2 .6 5

1
“

311

2 . 6 7

6
-

_

19 3
39

2 . 5 4

2 .2 9

2 . 2 4 -

2 .9 5

-

1

-

-

2

-

19

_
-

1
1

9
9

17
17

24
24

14
1
13

-

1

9

17

24

_

17

23

3

3 .2 1

3 .1 9

3 . 1 4

3 .0 7

2 . 9 7 -

3 .1 9

3 .2 8

3 .3 4

3 . 2 2 -

3 .7 0

3 1 2

3 .2 8

3 .2 6

3 . 0 1 -

3 .5 6

3 5 2

3 .6 6

3 .7 1

3 . 2 3 3 . 6 2 -

2 .7 3

2 .4 2

2 . 1 9 -

3 .6 2

ORDER FI LL ER S ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

1 ,2 1 0

3 .3 2

3 .5 9

2 . 9 2 -

3 .7 4

2 . 8 6 -

3 .5 4

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

7 3 6

3 .2 1

3 .1 6

2 . 7 4 -

3 .7 0

i

4 9 3

2 . 9 9

2 .7 9

2 . 6 9 -

3 .1 7

-

2 4 3

3 .6 7

3 .7 3

3 . 7 0 -

3 .7 7

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

2 9 6

3 .5 0

3 .4 9

3 . 2 5 -

3 .8 4

15 4

3 .5 2

3 .7 8

3 . 0 8 -

3 .8 5

14 2

3 . 4 7

3 . 4 7

3 . 2 9 -

3 .8 1

1 1 3

3 .4 5

3 .4 5

3 . 2 5 -

3 .8 1

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

85

3 .4 1

3 .4 3

3 . 1 5 -

3 .8 2

56

3 .3 1

3 . 3 6

3 . 1 5 -

3 .5 6

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

98

3 .4 0

3 . 3 7

3 . 1 6 -

3 .7 3

_

51

3 .4 0

3 .5 3

3 . 1 4 -

3 .8 8
3 .9 7

-

-

27

76

41
41

16
12

98
50

6
6

8
7

56
43

3
1

1
1

11
11

2
-

_

_

_

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

13

l

-

-

2

-

*

-

-

-

57
1
56

3
3

30
14
16

36
30
6

8
7
1

99
98
1

35
27
8

142
130
12
6

345
341
4
i

20 0
184
16
3

16

6

1

1

8

6

3

13

_
-

46
46
-

3

348
37
311
269
42

22
22
-

56

198
88
110
37
51
-

35
2
33

13

348
53
295
265
25
5

13
13
13

21
19
2
2

15
15
15

17
10
7
7

43
17
26
26

12
12
-

21

60
55
5
5

22
9
13
13

11
2
9
9

90
62
28
25

137
65
72
40

431
44
387
223

127
60
67
51

39
~
39

-

_
-

21
21

92
90
2
2

-

-

2
2

_
-

_
-

4
4

-

_

16
16

18
18

95
95

126
126

15
15

21
21

14
14

88
88

1
1

19
17
2

303
73
230

12
10
2

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

3
2
1
1

27
27
-

6
3
3
3

7
2
5
5

47
13
34
25

67
20
47
36

11
2
9
7

109
73
36
29

2
2
-

-

-

6
6
6

9
9
-

*

1
~
1
1

-

-

*

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

4
3

*

3
2

3
3

1
*

-

6
2

9
8

15
14

14
13

8
5

22
6

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

-

23
5

22
9

4
4

14
1

19
18

5
3

"

_

*

9
9

-

*

12
6
6
6

26
9
17
15

54
23
31
27
1

41
34
7
-

560
215
345
117
203

45
6
39
39
”

27
9
18
18
~

29
18
11
11

7
5
2

171
105
66

_
”

_
-

_
-

108
40
68
12

_
-

27
9
18
18

3 .7 6

-

2 . 7 3 -

3 .7 4

-

i

-

3
3

-

-

-

*

-

"

*

-

-

-

*

3 .8 4

3 .9 1

3 . 8 2 -

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

3

1

4

_

4

6

2

5

3 2 0

3 .8 6

3 .9 2

3 . 8 1 -

3 .9 7

4 9 9

3 .8 2

3 .9 0

3 . 8 2 -

3 .9 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

4
4

-

4
4

6
6

2
2

5
5

_

_

_

4

6

2

5

“

“

4

6

2

5

3 .9 5

3 . 4 8 -

4 .0 1

3 . 8 4 -

3 .9 3

22 8

3 .6 9

3 .8 6

3 . 8 0 -

3 .9 3

126

3 .8 1

3 .9 2

3 . 8 3 -

3 .5 4

3 .8 2

3 . 1 8 -

3 .8 7

_

_

3

1

4

_

3

1

4

~

3 .9 6

10 2

2 0 3

3 .8 9

3 .8 9

3 . 7 9 -

3 .9 9

75

4 . 0 8

3 .9 7

3 . 9 3 -

4 .3 9

12 8

3 .7 7

3 .8 4

3 . 4 7 -

3 .9 0

72

3 .7 1

3 .4 9

3 . 4 1 -

4 . 2 3

-

1
1

3 . 2 8 -

3 .6 2

3 .8 8

-

-

3 .6 6

3 .2 4

3 .7 7

-

23
23

3 .2 5

3 .4 0

3 .8 9

-

-

3 .1 8

7 6 5

2 5 8

-

7
26

-

17
17

4 4 5

2 0 4

-

16
16
16

5 1 1

8 1 9

2
2

302
223
79
7

3 .2 9
3 .7 6

2 5 0




.

2 .7 2

9 3 6

See footnotes at end of table,

o v er

16
16

4 6 4

1 ,0 8 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

4.20 4 .40

2 ,2 1 7

2 ,0 1 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

$

4.40
and

3 .4 8

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS 5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

$
$
’ .80 4 .00 4 .20

%

~

“

”

5
5
~

8
~
8

12
11
1

7
l
6
6

12
3
9
9

27

5
5

27
27

-

-

_
-

~

~

17
6 17
-

27
Table A-5a. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—
Large Establishments— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i ed in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ,
by i n d u s tr y d iv i si o n , M in n e ap o li s—
St. P a u l , Mi nn. , J a n u a r y 1970)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ur ly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings 2

t
M e“

3

M edia n 3

M id dle r a n g e 3

*

U n d e r 1 * 70 1 , 8 0
4
and
1 . 7 0 u nde r

1 , 9 0 2 , 0 0 2 * 10 2 * 20 2 * 30 2 , 4 0 2 * 50 2 , 6 0

2 * 70 2 * 80 2 * 9 0 3 , 0 0

3,10

3 . 2 0

3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0

___________ 1 . 8 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

N um ber
of

2 . 0 0

2 . 8 0

3 . 2 0

3 . 4 0

1 . 9 0

2 . 1 0

2 . 2 0

2 . 3 0

2 . 4 0

2 . 5 0

2 . 6 0

2 . 7 0

2 . 9 0

3 . 0 0

3 . 1 0

$

3 . 6 0

*

3 .8 0

*

*

*

3 . 8 0

4 . 0 0

4 . 2 0

4 . 4 0

4 . 0 0

4 . 2 0

4 . 4 0

o v er

TRUCKDRIVERS5 - CONTINUED

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

$
3 . 9 0 -

$
3 .9 9

3 .9 5

3 . 9 2 -

3 .9 9

3 .9 4

3 . 8 8 -

3 .9 8

3 .4 7

3 . 2 3 -

3 .8 3

52
9 0 1
6 8 7

3 .5 0
3 .4 4

3 .4 1

3 . 1 7 -

3 .6 8

3 .8 1

3 . 5 6 -

3 .3 7

3 .3 4

3 . 2 9 -

9 4

3 .7 4

3 .7 9

3 . 6 5 -

3 .7 6

3 .8 8

3 . 8 1 -

-

-

3 .8 5

81

-

3 .8 8

36

6

3 .8 0

2 1 4

3 .9 4

G
O

2 8 1

*

1
2
3
4
5
6

$
3 .9 4

pr»

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

$
3 .8 9
3 .9 5

o
o

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ----------

2 9 4
2 4 6

■ t*

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE! ----------------- — --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

3 .6 1

3 . 2 8 -

-

-

-

-

-

3 .6 7

2 2 5

3 .5 3

3 .6 3

3 . 3 5 -

3 .6 8

56

3 .3 0

3 .2 5

3 . 2 2 -

3 .2 9

29
5

_

1 94
194

45
39

“

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45

-

-

7

4
4

6
6

-

7
6
i

59
58
1

31
30
1

106
104
2
2

160
121
39
28

i

11

2 75
162
113
4
45
64

2
2
”

4
4
-

1

114
71
43
41
2

5
5
-

1

128
114
14
2
8
1

5
5

-

1
1

103
63
40

5
1
4

145
140
5

5
5

3
3

3 .3 9

D at a li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s ex ce pt w h er e o th e r w i se indic ate d.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o li d a y s , and la te s h i f ts .
F o r de finition of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o the r pu blic u ti l it i e s .
I ncl ude s a ll d r i v e r s , a s def ine d, r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and type of t r u c k o p e r a te d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r i b u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 2 at $ 4. 40 to $ 4. 60: and 15 at $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4.8 0.




-

15
3

14
8
6

_

_

-

-

2 8

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1970)
Inexp erienced typ ists
M anufacturing
M inim um w eekly stra ig h t- tim e s a l a r y 1

Other in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ‘

Nonm anufacturing

M anufacturing

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in dustries

All
in dustries

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

37V2

38%

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

All
sc hed ules

40

291

98

XXX

52

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d -----------------------------------------------

291

98

XXX

193

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------------

127

47

40

80

8

10

55

145

$ 6 0 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 2 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 5 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 6 7 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 2 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 7 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 8 0 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 8 2 , 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 85.00,----------------------------------------------$ 8 5 . 0 0 and u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 8 7 . 5 0 a nd u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 9 0 . 0 0 a nd u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 9 2 . 5 0 a nd u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 9 5 . 0 0 an d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 9 7 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------$ 10 0 . 0 0 and o v e r ____________________________________________

_
6
4
19
18
17
21
13
13
1
3
1
1
2
1

_
1
1

_
5
3
13
12
8
12
6
8
3
1
1
2
-

_
4
1
5
-

_
4
1
8
10
3
9
1
7
2
1
1
2
-

3
3

_
1
1
4
2
-

-

3
3

1
9
14
34
18
19
16
4
12
3
3
1
1
3
1
3

4

9
9
7
5
1
1
1

_
1
1
6
5
5
8
6
5
1
1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m -------------------

58

15

XXX

43

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y ----------------------------------------------------------------

106

36

XXX

70

XXX

XXX

3

6
6

A ll

3 7 l/2

38%

40

193

XXX

XXX

XXX

10

66

_

_

1

2

7
6
15
7

schedules

44

93

10

_

.

1

1

1
2
8
9
6
9
4
_
3
1
1

8
10
25
7
11
7
_
12
2
1
1
3
-

3

1
4
9
11
8
9
4
_
3
1
1
1

2

-

-

6
_
11
2
1
1
3
_
3
2

XXX

87

32

XXX

55

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

59

14

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a nd f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




Nonm anufacturing

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 of ---

3

4

_
3
1
_
_
-

2
_
6
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

2




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a nd a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1 9 70)
S
^U ^jj> k m t^ ork erj^ n jT aan u factu rin g j^ ^ O O jj> erc en f^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ _ ^ _ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ _
P e r c e n t of m an u fac tu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 1
for late sh ifts

L a t e - sh ift pay p r ov isio n s

Secon d shift

T h ird or other
shift

A ctu ally w orking on late sh ifts

Seco n d shift

T h ird o r other
shift

92. 1

80. 2

18. 9

4. 8

No p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _______

1. 6

1.2

0. 5

0. 2

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t __________

90. 5

79

0

18. 4

4. 7

82. 7

69. 8

17. 2

4. 5

5, 7, o r 8 c e n t s _____ _________________
10 c e n t s _______________ __________________
— _______________
12 c e n t s _____ ______
12 V2 c e nt s ________________-__ -____________
13 c e n t s — —
—
- 14 c e n t s ___ ___ __________ _________________
1 5 c e n t s _______
16 c e n t s .
_
— _
---------1 6 % c e n t s ___
- — _________ 17 c e n t s _____
_ _ . ___
18 c e n t s ______ . . . — - ---------------- 20 c e nt s _____
__________________________
2 2 , 2 3 , o r 25 c e n t s — ________ ________
27 o r 2 7 Vz c e n t s _________________________
28 c e n t s ___________________________________
30 o r 3 2 V2 c e n t s __ .
_______________
33 o r 3 3 V3 c e n t s __ _
__ — ---- _
3 4 c e n t s a nd o v e r _ _ — -------- — _ _

4. 4
25. 4
10. 1
3. 5
1. 1
2. 1
11. 3
4. 3
1. 3
10. 0
4. 3
. 9
1. 1
. 6
2. 4

_
4. 0
3. 1
1.8
3. 7
17.4
4. 4
1.4
11.0
3. 1
1. 1
10. 0
1. 2
1. 3

. 8
5. 0
2. 3
1. 1
.4
. 1
2. 8
1. 0
. 3
.7
1. 2
. 1
. 4
. 1
. 8

. 3
. 4
. 3
.3
1.0
. 2

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________
5 p e r c e n t _____ _ — — ---------- ---6 p e r c e n t ________________ ____________ 7 p e r c e n t __________________________ _____
7 V2 p e r c e n t ________________________________
9 p e r c e n t _________________________________
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________

7. 1
2. 6
1. 5

7. 1

1. 1
. 1
. 3

(2)

T o t a l ____________________________________________

.

T y p e a n d a m o u n t of d i f f e r e n t i a l :
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ___

___

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ____

___

—

-

-

6. 5

-

1.9

.7
.7
1.2
4. 5

.6

2. 1

1. 1
-

-

(*)
.9
. 1

(2 )
.2
. 1

( 2)
.6

-

.4

. 3

0

(2 )
. 1

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g , o r h a v i n g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s , e v e n
t h o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e no t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s than 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .

30

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a nd o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a nd in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M i n n e a p o l i s — t. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1970)
S
P lant w o rk e rs
W eekly h o urs

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________

35 h o u r s ____________________________________________
O v e r 35 an d u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s -------------------------37 V2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 3 8 3 h o u r s ----------------------/4
38 3 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------/4
O v e r 38 3 a nd u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s -------------------------/4
40 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------4 0 V2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 0 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s -------------------------44 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------45 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------48 h o u r s a nd o v e r ---------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6




100

3
(6 )
5
(6)
80
2
2
1
2
4

O ffice wo r k e r s

Public
utilities3

W holesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
in d u strie s 4

Manu­
facturing

P ublic
u tilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

6
4
74
3
1
4
8

97
3

1
6
2
7
67
17
-

1
99
-

M anu­
All
in d u s tr ie s 2 factu ring

(6 )
87
2
11
(? )
(6)

8
1
81
2
4
2
1

(6 )
2
11
2
7
6
64
7
( 6)
(6)

W holesale
trade

100

(6)
1
97
2
-

Retail
trade

F in an e e 5

100

100

5
4
7
84
-

7
28
10
25
10
20
-

S c h e d u l e d h o u r s a r e the w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f the f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a nd s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t an d o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l l y , M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 )
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s _____________
- _____
__________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------

A ll
in d u strie s1

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 2

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

M anu­
A ll
in d u s t r ie s 3 fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s2

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

1 00

1 00

1 00

100

100

100

1 00

100

100

100

100

99

100

1 00

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5)
20
3
4
21
2
4
23
2
2
15
1
2

7
1
5
12
3
3
32
4
3
24
1
4

8
2
22
43
25
-

10
13
7
21
5
5
12
3
15
6
2

34
4
5
43
1
7
5
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
2
3
3
20
22
49
50
76
79
98
99

4
5
5
32
36
72
75
92
93
100
100

_
-

2
8
8
27
27
44
49
77
90
100
100

( 5)

N um ber of days
3 h o lid a y s
A h < " » lid ^ y « __ _ . ,. ,,. . _
_
— __ ___
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y __ ____
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s __________ ____________
7 h o l i d a y s _____ ____ _______________ __________________
_
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
_ — ____________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 o r 3 h a l f d a y s ____________
ft h o l i d a y s
™ ^
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y __________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________________
9 h o lid a y s
_________________ _
_
____
9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y __________________________
10 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________- __
1 0 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _______________________
.. _
_ . .
1 1 h o l i d a y s _______________________ -13 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ________________________

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

20
3
3
10
5
3
22
8
4
17
1
1
1
1
2

7
1
3
6
4
4
27
7
4
35
-

1

4
1
20
57
17
-

-

( 5)

_

_

26
15
9
(5)
3
5
21
6
9
5
1

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

34
3
3
44
1
15
-

31
2
5
12
3
6
21
6
2
2
1
2
7

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 6
1 3 V2 d a y s . ------- — . . .
.
----- —
— ..
1 1 d a y s o r m o r e ----------------------— —
_____
10 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________ ________
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e -------------- ------------------------- —
8 d a y s o r m o r e __________
— _____ _ —
__
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _____ _____ _ _______________________
_
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________ ______________ ____ __
6 d a y s o r m o r e ____________ _ _____ ________ _______
_
3 d a y s o r m o r e _____
_
_
______ _
_
____

-

25
25
68
68
92
92
100
100

-

1
1
12
14
62
66
100
100

2
3
4
4
25
33
58
64
77
80
99
99

_
1
2
2
41
48
80
84
92
93
100
100

-

17
17
75
75
96
96
100
100

1
6
6
21
24
47
50
59
74
100
100

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e an d s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 L e s s th an 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
6 A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l an d h a lf d a y s th a t ad d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a t o t a l o f 9
w ith 9 f u ll d a y s a n d no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s an d 4 h a l f d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o r t io n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




_
-

7
9
10
13
21
42
50
62
69
69
100
100

-

-

15
16
63
66
100
100

days

in c lu d e s

th o se

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M in n e a p o lis —S t. P a u l M in n ., J a n u a r y 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
M anu­
in d u s tr ie s 4 fa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

A ll
in d u str ie s2

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
97
3
-

100
94
6
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100

100
99
(6)
-

100
99

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
12
2

9
12
1

6
6
3

4
11
-

1
6
3

(6 )
30
8

-

-

-

5
40
14
1

5
37
27

(6 )

34
10
4
2

-

*

-

1
80
2
16
1

1
80
4
13
2

84
16
-

(6 )
18
82
-

_

_

71
29
_
-

3
97
_
-

-

-

(?)
(6 )

33
63
4
-

-

(?)
(6)

70
30
-

_

(6 )
-

_
78
18
4
-

(6 )
27
71
1

(6)
-

80
20
-

'

-

-

-

1
33
4
60
1

1
45
7
44
2

5
1
93
-

(6)
7

7
93
-

_

_

(6 )
1
1

30
1
66
4
-

(6 )
6
(6 )
90
3

(?)
(?)
(6)

17
3
80
1
-

9
87
4
-

6
(6)
94
_
-

_
100
_
_
-

-

-

*

-

-

-

2
4
89
2
2
1

3
8
81
4
3
1
1

-

-

_
100
-

_
-

_

3
93
4

100
-

_

-

_

_

95
1

100
_

100
_

-

_

_

_

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t --------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------O th e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________

-

(b
-)
-

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 7
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

26
24
4
( &)

_
68
6
2

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U
1
O
2
O
3
O

n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
w e e k _____ ________________ _____________________________
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________ ________
w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------- -----2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

(?)
(?)
(6)

(6 )
88
4
(?)
(6 )
n

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

(6 )

-

(?)
(6 )
95
3
1
1

*

-

(6)

_

_

_

-

3
93

-

99
1
-

-

1
(6)
92
4
3
(6)
(6 )

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________




S e e f o o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le .

2
3
90
2
2
1
(6)

3
5
83
4
4
1
1

99

4

-

(?)
(6)
94
3
2
1

~

~

(6)

-

-

1

-

-

98
2

1

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

90
4
5

100

(‘ )
(6 )

95
1

98
2

100

_

-

_

_

4

_

_

-

-

*

-

-

_

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M in n e a p o lis —S t. P a u l M in n ., J a n u a r y 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll
in d u str ie s2

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
in d u str ie s4

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 7— C o n t i n u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

(6)
i
79
8
10
1
( 6)

(6)
i
68
16
13
1
1

_
81
19
-

_
77
-

(6)

(6 )

19
4

_
95
2
4
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

84
7
8
1

71
12
16

97
3
-

89
-

-

-

(6)

-

_
12
2
73
8
4

_
25
75
-

_

_

(6)
8
1
87
1
2

(6 )
4
87
3
5

_
5
95
-

-

-

_
20
72
1
3
4

-

(6 )

_

_

(6)
6
1
88
2
3
(6)

(6 )
4
87
3
6
-

_
1
96
3
-

-

-

(6 )
(6)

(‘ )
1
16
4
76
1
2

1
6
7
80
2
4

3
97
1

(6 )

-

-

_

3
93
3
1
-

_

_

2
4
80
10
4

21
79
-

-

-

-

_
3
48
3
46
-

2
58
36
4

_
16
77
7
-

(6 )
3
(6 )
71
3
20
2

(6)
3
61
(6)
33
3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
3
84
13
-

_
2
26
60
4
8
-

_
16
14
70
-

-

1
3
2
22

_
3
13

“

“

_

-

-

7
4

95
2
3
_

93
7
_

-

*

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------------

_

_
22
-

_

78
-

2
98
-

*

-

_
7
3
81
1
5
4

_
20
80
-

_
2
98
-

-

-

-

_

_

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------- ---------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------------------------------5 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------- -------

(6)
1
12
3
79
2
2
(‘ )
(6 )

1
5
6
80
3
3
1

(6 )
1
6
1
70
2
18

1
2
3
69
4
20

(‘ )
(6)

(6)
1

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1
O
2
O
3
O
4
O
6

w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s — -------- -- ----------- --------w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------w e e k s _________________________________________________

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
60
3
36
-

4
66
26
4

17
81
3
-

87
12
1
-

-

-

-

-

_

_
4
31
58
4

_

-

17
6
77
-

_
21
79
-

"

*

“

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O

w e e k ___________________________________________________
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------w e e k s _________________________________________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------- __ — __ -----3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -----------------------------------5 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -----------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le ,




(?)
(6)
7
1
24
1
57
6
4
(?)
(6 )

3
55
11
4
(6)
1

"

4
(6 )
18
(6 )
74
(6)
2
1
“

3

1
5
92
2
-

”

“

(6 )
78
4

3

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'--- Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 )

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s tr ie s2

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
M anu­
i n d u s t r i e s 4 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

_
i
5
74
3
17
-

_
4
28
52
6
7
4
-

17
6
78
-

19
_
75
7
_
_

-

-

-

-

F in a n c e 5

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ----------- -----------------5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------

(6)
7
1
19
2
56
6
8
(6 )
1
( 6)

_
4
2
16
3
53
11
10
( 6)
1

_
3
57
3
26
10
-

_
2
26
56
4
12
-

16
13
71
-

_
4
(6 )
16
64
3
12
2
-

_
3
12
59
(6)
23
3
-

_

_
_

_
3
3
16
3
53
11
8
(6 )
2
1

_
3
44
43
10
-

_
2
26
56
4
12
-

_
16
13
71
-

_
4
(6)
16
62
i
16
2
-

_

_

3
12
59
23
3
-

1
5
_
61
32
-

4
28
_
52
6
7
4
-

17
5
_
78
_
_
-

_
_
19
_
72
_
10
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
3
3
16
3
52
11
8
(6 )
2
2

_
3

_
2

_
16

-

-

-

-

26
56
4
12
“

13
71
“

_
4
(6 )
16

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ------------------------------5 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------6 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------

(6)
7
1
19
2
55
6
9
(6)
2
( 6)

_

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e
1 w ee k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------6 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s --------------- ------------------------------------

(6 )

7
1
19
2
54
6
9
(6 )

2
1

-

44
43
-

10
"

-

62
1
14
2
2

_

_

_

3

1

4

-

-

-

12

5

28

-

-

58

61
32
-

52
6
7
4
-

“

"

-

23
3
1

-

_

.

17
6
78
_
-

-

_
19
-

72
_
3
_
_
7

1 In c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t io n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c
t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
6 L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
7 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t o th e r th a n "le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l
p ro v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
F o r e x a m p l e , t h e c h a n g e s i n p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s i n p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , t h e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s
of se r v ic e .
p la n s




35
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l * M i n n . , J a n u a r y 1 9 7 0 )
P la n t w o rk e rs
T y p e o f b e n e fit an d f in a n c in g 1

A l l w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w _____________
L i f e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------------------A c c id e n ta l d e a th an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _______________________
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 6 ---------------------------------------

A ll
in d u strie s 2

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

100

100

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

100

100

100

A ll
in d u strie s4

98

100

100

100

96

99

100

100

99

98

100

93
76

96
82

100

94
74

93
75

97
64

99
73

96
52

95
57

97
56

97
59

72
59

73
62

68
42

72
59

76
61

67
41

69
51

56
39

63
34

70
42

69
32

55

83

81

81

94

86

86

96

100

77

93

69

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e --------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------------S ic k le a v e ( fu ll p a y a n d no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) ------------------------------------------

70
60

69
58

49
46

68

79
64

46
31

56
42

34
28

52
42

70
40

27
7

18

20

36

34

3

56

60

70

53

21

61

8

6

4

18

14

7

3

9

8

26

2

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ______________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __________ -____________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------------M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ---------------------------------------N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s -------------------------------

97
78
96
79
95
80
60
44
80
73

99
83
98
83
97
81
49
37
82
79

100

96
61
96
63
96
63
72
39
77
67

94
75
94
75
94
75
79
54
74
63

99
51
98
52
98
54
85
42
80
59

99
75
99
76
99
76
76
55
87
58

100
66
100
66
100

94
51
94
54
89
54

94
43
94
43
94
43
92
39
69
49

100

1

73

100
73

100
95
98
90
82
74

56

81

100
78

68

49

86

40
80
72

14

100
14

100
14
91

8

84
63

E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
M o n c o n t r ib u t o r y p l a n s ” in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e
N
fin a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d
are
le g a lly
r e q u ir e d
p la n s,
su ch a s
w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n sa tio n ,
so c ia l
se c u r ity ,
and
r a ilr o a d
r e tire m e n t.
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l im i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n it e l y
e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .

p la n s

2
3
4
5
6




36
Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, M in n e a p o lis —S t. P a u l , M in n ., J a n u a r y 1970)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------

M an uA ll
i n d u s t r i e s 2 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
M anui n d u s t r i e s 4 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

89
85
56
29

90
87
60
27

100
99
53
47

99
99
69
30

83
73
41
32

99
69
4
66

99
72
72

100
80
23
57

100
40
3
37

100
63
8
56

100
80
80

15

19

43

16

1

6

3

36

5

1

3

5

2

3

7

11

41

62

20

11

23

44

9
5
10
2
2
(6)
5
3
2
3

6
3
10
4
4
(6)
6
3
4
“

(‘ )
(6)

7
(6 )
1

18
30
(6 )

7
27
1

21
60

31
37
-

33
20
-

-

-

20
11
17
1
1

1
20

-

78
16
5
(6 )

92
8
-

28
42
27
3

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s -----------------------------------------------F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y -------------------------------------S in g le r a t e ---------------------------------------------R a n g e o f r a t e s ---------------------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e -----------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v ie w ---------------------------------------------P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v ie w ----------------N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y ---------------------------------P a id b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s -------------------------------P i e c e r a t e ------------------------------------------- ----I n d iv id u a l ___________________________________
G r o u p -----------------------------------------------------I n d i v i d u a l ----------------------------------------------G r o u p -----------------------------------------------------C o m m is s i o n ------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

1

79
21
-

80
18
1

-

-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y of
o f f ic e w o r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d

5
4
1
11

-

-

F re q u e n c y of w age p ay m en t
W e e k ly ______________________________________________
B iw e e k ly ____________________________________________
S e m im o n t h ly _______________________________________
M o n th ly _____________________________________________
O th e r f r e q u e n c y -----------------------------------------------




1
2
3
4
5
6

-

-

36
27
36
(6 )

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

55
12
34

21
32
47

-

-

34
32
34
-

54
29
15
3

9
44
47

_

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

F IL E
C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f il e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b il l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s t;he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , an d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s “ o r- p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h and.

CLERK,

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s su b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




ORDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

CLERK,

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

37

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to be p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

38
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e lit t le o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) 'of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BOY OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s ; (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e no t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tif y su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y I n d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a jo r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
a ll,

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r * a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; or




a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; cir
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

G EN ERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . (S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d ro u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s ig n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d fu n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

39
SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n t in u ed

In a d d i t i o n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s of o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t i n e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t of r e g u l a r
duties.
T h i s ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e the m a j o r p a r t of t h i s w o r k e r ' s t i m e w h il e at
sw itchboard.

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s the
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g pu nc h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , with s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in cl u d e s i m p l e
w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a nd s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s p o r t i o n s of a w o r k
un it, f o r e x a m p l e , in d i v i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
TRA N SCRIBIN G -M A CH INE O P ER A T O R ,

GENERAL

TABULATING -M ACHIN E O P ER A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y of t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c l u d i n g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s the t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , arid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s wit h o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a nd p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w iring a s requ ired.
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e a
v a r i e t y of lo n g a nd c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o f t e n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u i r i n g s o m e p l a n n in g a nd s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e d in t r a i n i n g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a nd o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s of lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not i n c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n of the w o r k and p r o d u c t i o n of a g r o u p of t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t i n g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s the
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a nd c o l l a t o r .
T h i s w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a nd m a y in c l u d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u l a t i o n s in v o l v in g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e but s m a l l t a b u l a t i n g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a nd m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a nd s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e the p r o ­
c e d u re s a r e well estab lish ed .
M a y a l s o in c l u d e th e t r a i n i n g of new e m p l o y e e s in the b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f the m a c h i n e .

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o l v in g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tran scrib in g-m ach in e re c o r d s.
M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o l v in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c l u d e d . A w o r k e r who t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
h a nd o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
TY PIST
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s of v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o l v in g l i tt l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p i n g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a nd d i s t r i b u t i n g i n c o m i n g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h e n it
in vo lv es com bin ing m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s or re s p o n s ib i lit y for c o r r e c t sp e llin g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t i o n , e t c . , of t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p l a n n i n g l a y o u t a n d t y p i n g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y and
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y ty p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e f o ll o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t i n e t y p i n g of f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a nd s e t t i n g up s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y i n g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a nd s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR

COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS

Monitors and op erates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro c e ss data according
to operating in struction s, usually p rep ared by a p ro g ram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, c a rd s, e tc.); sw itches n e c e ssa ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and sta rts
and op erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to com puter to c o rre ct operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; review s e r r o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe rs problem
to su p e rv iso r or p ro g ra m er; and m aintains operating reco rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
program .

Converts statem ents of b u sin ess p roblem s, typically p rep ared by a sy stem s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by autom atic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from ch arts or d iag ram s, the p rog ram er develops the p recise
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the m anipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired r e su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: A pplies knowledge
of computer ca p a b ilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iagram s of the problem to be program ed. Develops sequence
of p rogram step s, w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for m achine to follow; te sts and c o rre c ts p ro g ram s;
p re p a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; an alyzes, review s, and a lte r s
p ro g ram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains reco rd s of
p rogram development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an aly sis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d a s sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)

F o r wage study p u rp o ses, com puter o p erato rs are c la ssifie d as follow s:
C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro gram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p ro g ram s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents a re of c ritic a l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
p ro g ram s are of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total p ro gram , and altern ate p ro gram s m ay not be available. May give
direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.
C la ss B . O perates independently, or under only general direction, a com puter running
p ro g ram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: M ost of the p ro g ram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a s is ; there is little or no testing
of new p ro g ram s required; alternate p ro g ram s a re provided in c a se original p rogram needs
m ajo r change or cannot be co rrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rr o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes co rrectiv e action. This usually involves applying p reviou sly p ro ­
gram ed co rrectiv e step s, or using standard co rrectio n techniques.

Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision of
other electron ic data p ro cessin g (EDP) em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers p rim arily concerned with
scien tific and /or engineering p roblem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers a re c la ssifie d as follow s:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only g en eral d irection on com plex problem s which
require com petence in a ll p h ases of program ing concepts and p ra c tic e s. Working from d ia ­
g ram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired r e su lts, m ajor p ro cessin g step s to be
accom plished, and the relation sh ips between variou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

OR
O perates under d irect supervision a computer running p ro g ram s or segm ents of p ro g ram s
with the c h a ra c te ristic s d escribed for c la s s A. May a s s i s t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult ta sk s assig n ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations p erform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p ro g ram s under clo se supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ram s. U sually has received som e fo rm al training in com puter operation.
May a s s i s t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.




At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce se v e ra l in terrelated but d iv erse products from num erous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions a s development of common operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm ents to data when p rogram requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substan tial manipulation and resequencing of data elem ents
to form a highly integrated p rogram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ra m e rs who a re a ssig n e d to a s s is t .

40
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ram s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ram s. P ro g ra m s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available. While num erous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro g ram s (as d escribed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p e rv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level p rog ram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult task s assig n ed , and perform ing m ore difficult task s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m ers.
C la ss C. M akes p rac tic a l applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learned in form al training co u rse s. A ssignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard p roced ures to routine problem s. R eceives clo se supervision on new
asp ects of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accu racy and conformance with
required p roced ures.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes bu sin e ss problem s to form ulate proced ures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete d escription of a ll specification s needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital com puter p ro g ram s. Work involves m ost of the following:
A nalyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c r ite r ia required
to achieve satisfa c to ry re su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s, and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation o£ work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and revised sy ste m s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE; W orkers perform ing both system s an alysis and program ing should be c l a s ­
sified as sy stem s an alysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g (EDP) em ployees, or sy stem s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, sy stem s an alysts are c la ssifie d as follow s:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all phases of sy stem s a n aly sis. P ro b lem s are com plex becau se of d iverse sou rces
of input data and m ultiple-use requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n aly sis, and sa le s an alysis record in
which every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with p erson s con­
cerned to determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new or rev ised sy stem s of data p rocessin g operations. M akes recom ­
m endations, if needed, for approval of m ajo r system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level system s an alysts who are assig n ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P rob lem s a re of lim ited
com plexity because so u rc es of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (For exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

maintaining accounts receivable in a reta il establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with p erso n s concerned to determine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises su bject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p rocessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assignm ents and rece iv e s instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgment, com pliance with in­
stru ctions. and to insure proper alinement with the overall system .
C la ss C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out an alyses a s assig n ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ractica l experience
in the application of proced ures and sk ills required for sy stem s an aly sis work. F o r exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. P lan s the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting preceden ts. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relationsh ips of com ­
ponents and p arts. Works with a minimum of su p erv iso ry a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rio r engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la ss B . P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the app li­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques . reg u larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b asse m b lie s with irre g u la r shapes,
multiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between components; p rep a re s a rc h i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
computations to determ ine quantities of m ate rials to be used, load cap acitie s, strengths,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives initial instruction s, requ irem ents, and advice from sup ervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p urp oses. Types of drawings p rep ared include iso m e tric projections
(depicting three dim insions in accu rate scale) and section al views to cla rify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates d etails from a number of sou rces
and adju sts or tran sp o se s scale a s required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
p reced en ts, and advice on source m ate rials are given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
are le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p r o g re ss.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings p rep ared by others by placing tracin g cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
consisting of straight lines and a la rge scale not requiring clo se delineation.)
and/ or
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily visu alize d item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A reg iste re d nurse who gives nursing serv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other p erson s who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p re m ise s of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following; Giving fir s t aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent d re ssin g of em ployees1 in ju rie s; keeping record s
of patients treated ; preparing accident rep orts for com pensation or other p u rp o ses; a ssistin g in
p hysical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE

CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

P e rfo rm s the carpentry duties n e c e ssa ry to construct and m aintain in good rep air building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, c rib s, counters, benches, p artition s, doors, flo o rs, s t a ir s ,
c a sin g s, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprin ts, draw ings, m odels, or verb al instructions using a variety

of carp en ter18 handtools, portable power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m ate rials n ece ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carp en ter req u ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




41
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)— Continued

P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such as the installation, m aintenance,
or rep air of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of ele ctric energy in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or rep airin g any of a variety of
e le ctric a l equipment such as ge n e rato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b re ak ­
e r s , m o to rs, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from
blueprints, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
e le ctric a l system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or e le ctric a l equipment; and using a v ariety of e le ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance e lectrician req u ires rounded tr a in ­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the variou s a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and making n ece ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and ligh ts, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requ ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay a lso sup ervise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air c o m p re sso rs, gen erato rs, m o to rs, turbin es, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b o ilers and b o iler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment r e p a ir s; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p erv ise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREM AN, STATIONARY BO ILER
F ir e s station ary b o ilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or op erates a m echanical stok er, or gas or oil burner;
and checks w ater and safety v alv es. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tr a d e s, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning .working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m ate rials or
tools; and perform ing other unskilled ta sk s as directed by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to perform v a rie s from trade to trade: In som e trad e s the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and tools and cleaning working a r e a s; and in
others he is perm itted to perform sp ecialized machine operations, or p arts of a trade that are
a lso perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such a s jig b o r e rs,
cylindrical or su rface g rin d e rs, engine lath es, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, ji g s , fix tu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: P lan ­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups
or a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; selecting fe e d s,
sp eeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requ isite to leran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to d re ss to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F o r c r o s s ­
industry wage study p u rp o se s, m achine-tool o p erato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classificatio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in making r e p a irs of m etal p arts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting
written instructions and sp ecificatio n s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chin ist's handtools and p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of m etal p arts to close to leran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dim ensions of work, tooling, fe e d s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working p roperties
of the common m etals; selecting standard m a te r ia ls, p a r ts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC. AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
R ep airs autom bbiles, b u se s, m otortrucks, and tr a c to rs of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
d isassem b lin g equipment and perform ing re p a irs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isassem blin g or fitting p arts; replacing
broken or defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem b lin g and installing




MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or p artly dism antling m achines and perform ing r e p a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting p arts; replacing broken or defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor r e p a ir s; preparing written specifications for m ajor rep a irs
or for the production of p arts ordered from machine shop; reassem blin g m achines; and making
all n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of a m aintenance m echanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this c la ssifica tio n are w orkers whose p rim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and in stalls machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s ,
strength of m a te ria ls, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls, equipment, and p arts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
tran sm issio n equipment such as d rives and speed red u cers. In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requ ires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
L u b ricates, with oil or g re a se , the moving p arts or wearing su rfa ces of m echanical
equipment of an establishm ent.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves the following: Knowledge of surface p ecu liarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the m aintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
In stalls or re p a irs w ater, steam , g a s, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to lo­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written sp ecification s; cutting variou s siz e s of pipe
to correct lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread ­
ing pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether
finished pipes m eet sp ecification s. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in in stallin g and repairing building san ita ­
tion or heating sy stem s are excluded.
PLU M BER , MAINTENANCE
K eeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good o rder. Work involves: Knowledge
of san itary codes regardin g installation of vents and tra p s in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fix tu res; and opening clogged drain s with a plunger or p lu m b e r's snake. In
general, the world of the maintenance plum ber req u ires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b r ic a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep a ir the sh eet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tu res (such a s machine guards, g re a se pans, sh elves, lo ck e rs, tan ks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts,
m etal roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning a.nd laying
out all types of sh eet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprin ts, m odels, o j other specification s;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of

42
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER. MAINTENANCE---Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER---Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g; and installing sheetm etal a rtic le s a s required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sheet-m etal worker requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p recision m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p roperties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop computations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eeds, feeds, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and d ies to achieve required qualities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te ria ls, tools, and p r o c e sse s. In gen eral, the tool and die m ak er's work req u ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and re p a irs m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written sp ecification s;

F o r cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m ak ers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN
G uard. P e rfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour, maintaining
o rder, using arm s or force where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other p erson s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p rem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and ille g a l entry.
JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; jan itre ss)
Cleans and keeps in an o rderly condition factory working a re a s and w ash room s, or
p re m ise s of an office, apartm ent house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fix tu res; polishing m etal fixtures
or trim m in gs; providing supplies and minor maintenance s e r v ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s, show­
e r s , and restro o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.
LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stack e r; shelver; truck er; stockm an or stock helper; w are ­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re , or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following; Loading and unloading various m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m ate rials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or wheelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER

F IL L E R

(Order picker; stock selecto r; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or tran sfe r o rd ers for finished goods from stored m erchandise in acco rd ­
ance with specifications on sa le s slip s, custom ers* o rd e rs, or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling o rd ers and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep record s of outgoing o rd e rs, requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tain e rs, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, size , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and may involve one or m ore of the following: Knowl­
edge of various item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using exce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or dam age; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P ack e rs who a lso make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon sible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m ate rials. Shipping work involves; A knowledge of shipping
p roced ures, p rac tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and
keeping a file of shipping reco rd s. May d irect or a s s is t in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves; Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments again st bills of lading, invoices, or other re c o rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
dam aged goods; routing m erchandise or m ate rials to proper departm ents; and maintaining n ece s­
sa r y record s and file s.
F o r wage study p urp oses, w orkers are c la ssifie d a s follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping c l e rk
Shipping and re c e iv i n g c l e rk

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial a re a to tran sport m a te ria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, w holesale and retail establish m ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu stom ers* houses or p laces of bu sin e ss. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
make minor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working order. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
over-the-road d riv e rs are excluded.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, tru ck drivers are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment,
a s follow s: (T ra c to r-tra ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tra ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver (combination of siz e s liste d separately)
T ruck d river, light (under IV2 tons)
T ruck d river, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
T ruck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
Truck d river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a manually controlled gasolin e- or electric-pow ered truck or tracto r to
tran sp ort goods and m ate rials of all kinds about a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, w orkers a;re c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follows:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -----

T h e t e n t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn e y s, c h e m ists, e n g in e e rs, engineering tech n ician s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l
em ployees.
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle t in 1654, N a t io n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r ic a l P a y , Jun e 1969. S ev en ty -fiv e
cen ts a copy.




\

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d ire c to ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour and Pu b lic Contracts D ivisions of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased from
the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Governm ent P rin tin g O ffic e , Washington, D .C., 20402, or fro m any of the BLS region al sales offices shown on
the inside front cover.
A re a
A k r o n , O hio, J u l y 1969 1-------------------- -----------------------A lbany— c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 19 6 9 ----------------------------A llentown— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1969 ---------------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r th u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1----------------------------------B o i s e C ity , Idaho, N o v . 1969 ------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 19 6 9 ----------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O ct. 1969 _________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
C an to n , O hio, M a y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969______________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 19 6 9 ---------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 ________________________________
C i n c in n a ti , Oh io— y . —I n d . , M a r . 1969 1 ________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h io, O c t . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t. 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
O ct. 1969 1________________________________________________
D ay to n , O h io, D e c . 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1969 1_______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 ______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , O c t. 19 6 9 ____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1____________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1_______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O c t. 1969-------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1970---------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1969-----------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 ------------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 19 6 9 ---------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 ____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—Ind., N ov. 1969 1________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1969 _______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 19 6 9 -------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N ov. 1969 1_____________________
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1969-___-____________________________
M i d l a n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M in n e ap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1970 1_______________

Bulletin number
and p rice
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1 660-1 1,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1660-41,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1660-39,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1660-28,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1660-44,
1625-66,
1660-46,

50
40
30
30
40
30
35
35
50

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
c ents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

A re a
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1969________________
New H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1970 1__________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1970____________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969----------------------------------------N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1968________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iow a, S e p t . 1969__________________________
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 19 6 9 ____________
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1969 1____________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M a y 1969_______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R .I.— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M a y 1969 1 _______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A ug. 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 19 6 9 ----------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1969 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o.—111., M a r . 1969 1__________________________
S a l t L a k e C i ty , U tah, N ov. 1969 1______________________
S a n A n to n io , T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 ___________________________
S an B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
D e c . 1969_______________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1969 1 __________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t. 1969 1____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1969 1___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1968 1 ____________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969 ________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969_____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969 ----------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1 9 6 9 * ______________
T o l e d o , Oh io— i c h ., F e b . 1969 1________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1969-----------------------------------------U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969------------------------------------W a s h i n g t o n , D .C . — d.— a . , S e p t . 1969 * _______________
M
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1969 ___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, J a n . 1970----------------------------------------W ic h it a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M ay 1969------------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969_____________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n - W a r r e n , O h io, Nov. 1969 1 ________________

Bulletin number
and p rice
1625-80,
1625-46,
1660-40,
1660-42,
1625-88,

30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
60 c e n t s

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1660-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-43,
1660-36,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1660-19,
1625-50,
1660-45,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1660-38,

30
35
50
35
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
35
30
30
50
30
30
30
30
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
c ents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G T O N , D .C .

20212

OFFICIAL BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
r--------------------------------------------------------

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102