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B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T I C S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

 * Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City,
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
* * Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area Wage Survey
The Miami, Florida, Metropolitan Area




N ovem ber

1969

B ulletin

1660-32
March 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G e o ffre y H. M o o re, C o m m is s io n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




P r e fa c e

Con ten ts
Page

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ield s d e taile d d ata by se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r each
of t h e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in t h e p r o g r a m is
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into (1) t h e m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e e n d of e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r ea c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p l e t i o n of a l l of th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h of t h e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s t u d i e d into
on e b u l l e t i n .
The s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w hich h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to
r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n i t e d S t a t e s .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e of s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

13

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le
(See in sid e b ac k co v er.)

fo r other

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a n d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in t h e M i a m i a r e a a r e a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r c o n t r a c t c l e a n i n g s e r v i c e s ( J u l y 1968) a n d
w o m e n ' s a n d m i s s e s ' d r e s s e s ( A u g u s t 1 9 6 8 ).
A current
r e p o r t f o r the M i a m i and F o r t L a u d e r d a l e — o lly w o o d a r e a
H
i s a v a i l a b l e f o r w o o d h o u s e h o l d f u r n i t u r e ( O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 ).
U n i o n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in the
M ia m i a r e a , a r e a v a ila b le fo r se v e n s e le c t e d building
trad es.

iii

4

9
10
11

A ppendix.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y in
M i a m i , F l a . , in N o v e m b e r 19 6 9 .
The S ta n d a rd M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u of th e
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s of D a d e C o u n t y .
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in A t l a n t a , G a . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of D o n a l d M.
C r u se , A s s is ta n t R egio n al D ire c to r for O p eration s.

2

O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ___________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n __
m
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and tec h n ica l o cc u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __ ___ _____________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s —___________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ______________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s bien n ially.




3

5
8




The Miami, Fla., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in dividual e sta b lish m e n t d ata.

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u factu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and other pu blic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
in d u stry g ro u p s excluded fro m th e se stu d ie s a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n str u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r each of
the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s




p o ssib ility

of

d i s c l o s u r e of

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t co m p o site, areaw ide e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m t h e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r i b ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e giv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York
D epartm ent of Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (New York portion only); R ochester (o ffice o ccu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —Rom e. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ite d area studies
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public C ontracts Divisions of the U .S . D e­
partm ent of Labor.

is

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w ­
a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W here w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h is b u lletin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in t h e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e f o l ­
lo w i n g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s
w it h in the s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stud y a r e lis t e d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g th e j o b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e of the
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w it h in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

there

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e of the s t u d y a n d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E st a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
bulletin.
In fo rm a tio n fo r th e se ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c te d bien n ially .
StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s
for in e x p e rie n c ed
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w ee k ly h o u r s ; paid
h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h ea lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .

1




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in M i a m i , F l a . ,
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9
Minimum
employment
in establishm e n t s in scope
of study

Industry division

N u m b e r of establishments

M a n u fa c tu rin g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i ng
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 _______________________________
__ _ __ ___
___
_ _
R e t a i l t r a d e ___
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 _______
_
__
S e r v ic e s 6 7

Within scope
of study 3

Studied

.

A ll d iv isio n s—

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study4

1 ,0 6 7

50
“

356
711

50
50
50
50
50

75
96
236
115
189

Studied

Number

Percent

211

2 0 1 ,7 4 4

100

1 0 3 ,4 5 9

60
151

5 1 ,8 3 4
1 4 9 ,9 1 0

26
74

1 6 ,1 3 2
8 7 , 327

27
16
43
20
45

4 4 ,6 8 6
9, 657
5 1 ,1 2 9
1 6 ,5 7 6
27, 862

22
5
25
8
14

3 8 ,9 9 5
2, 620
2 8 ,7 5 1
5 ,6 1 2
1 1 ,3 4 9

1 T h e M i a m i S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f D a d e C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e
l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r
th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d it i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n im u m li m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s
in s u c h
in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v ic e , an d m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m i n im u m l i m it a t io n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d . M i a m i 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c l u d e d b y
d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A b o u t o n e - f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e M i a m i a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d
s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

A p p a r e l an d o th e r te x t ile
p r o d u c t s —________________ —____ 18
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t . . . . 18
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 15
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 11
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b li s h in g -------------7

A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s _______________13
W o m e n 's a n d m i s s e s '
o u t e r w e a r —_____________________ 11
F a b r ic a te d str u c tu r a l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s _________________________ 7
N e w s p a p e r s ------------------------------- 5
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s ___ —
—— _
4
D a i r y p r o d u c t s ___________________ 4
S h ip a n d b o a t b u il d in g a n d
r e p a i r i n g __________ __________ __ 4

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in dexes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv en t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m the i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T hese e stim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , exc lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im it a t io n s of D ata

Method of C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se con stan t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :

T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly, w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women): O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)— S k ille d m aintenance (m en):
Bookkeeping-m achine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
S ecretaries
Electrician s
C leik s, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
M achinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
M echanics
C leik s, file , classes
Sw itchboard operators, classes
M echanics (au tom otive)
A , B, and C
A and B
Painters
C leik s, order
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
P ipefitters
C lerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die m akers
Typists, classes A and B
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
U nskilled p lan t (m en):
A and B
Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Jan itors, porters, and clean ers
O ffice boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m a teria l handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v e rtim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
i n M i a m i , F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1969 a n d D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 8 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u str ie s
O ffice
clerical
(m en and
women)

P erio d

In d u strial
nurses
(m e n and
women)

M an u factu rin g

S k illed
m a in te n a n ce
trades
(m e n )

U n sk illed
p lan t
w orkers
(m e n )

O ffice
clerical
(m e n and
women)

In d u strial
nurses
(m en and
women)

S k ille d
m a in te n a n ce
trades
(m e n )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m e n )

In d exes (D e c e m b e r 1960=100)
N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------

144. 7
134. 2

17 7 .9
159. 5

152. 9
138. 0

1 4 1.4
129. 8

143. 0
133. 7

(M

n

145. 4
129. 0

138. 7
1 2 7.4

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber

1

1968
1967
1966
1965
19 6 4
1963
1962
1961
I960
1959

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

N ovem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber
D ecem ber

1 9 6 9 -------1 9 6 8 ______
1967 ______
1 9 6 6 -------1 9 6 5 -------1 9 6 4 ______
1 9 6 3 -------1 9 6 2 -------1 9 6 1 ______
I 9 6 0 --------

7. 8
6. 6
4. 1
3. 7
3. 7
3. 1
3. 6
2. 5
2. 8
2 .9

D a t a do not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .




11. 5
12. 1
9. 6
7. 4
4. 7
3. 8
6. 3
1 .7
3. 0
5. 0

10. 8
5. 8
4. 1
5. 7
5. 6
2. 0
5. 1
1. 8
2. 8
1 .8

8.9
7. 9
4. 5
4. 8
.4
3. 9
1 .6
1.7
3. 0
3. 5

6. 9
5. 0
5. 7
4. 0
4. 2
4. 8
3. 5
1. 1
1 .4
4. 1

n
n

n
(M
n

(M
(*)

n

n
(*)

12.
3.
5.
3.
4.
1.
3.
1.
2.
3.

7
4
9
9
5
0
9
3
0
6

8. 9
5 .9
4. 8
3 .4
2.9
4. 0
2. 2
1. 1
.4
5. 6

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Miami, Fla., N o v e m b e r 1969 )
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

i

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

55

$
CLAS"’ *

C LER K S, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B

$

41

4 0 .0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0

and

9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 1 3 1 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 1 4 3 .0 0

70

75

65

90

95

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

18

34

36

40
10

26

20

27
11

41

36

46

80

105

24
8

65

100

23

13

42
30

16

13
12

22
14
8

14

$
$
1 1 4 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .5 0

255

3 9 .0

223

3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

51

NONMANUFACTURING

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f—
i
i
t
i
%
*
i
*
i
i
*
$
i
i
i
105
115
80
85
90
95
100
no
120
125
135
130
140
150
160
170

75

and
u n der
60

MEN

i — r
*
i
60
65
70

4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0

9 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0

21

8 2 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0

170 o v e r

10

25

10

25

6

15

14

14

18

24

14

18
13

24
19

8

1
31

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

144
139
32

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 - 8 1 .0 0
6 5 .0 0 - 8 0 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

100
74
26

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
8 6 . 0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 4 .5 0

it

9 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

8

9 0 .5 0

36
36

16
16

-

27
27
17

27
25
1

16
15
2

12
10

7

3

6
6

1

6

15

-

2

-

4
*

10
10

14

12

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

3

1

-

-

-

-

1

3
3

W
OMEN
B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
B IL L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
fri

-

-

-

8 3 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0
7

44
42

16
14

7

22
16

3

-

i

1

*

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
218

3 9 .5

l jt

3 9 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

9 4 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
9 0 . ->0

8 4 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0

170
26

NONMANUFACTURING

4 0 .0

9 3 .5 0

8 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

10
ro

47

5

8

19
19

30

28

10

39

15

7

2

21
7

10

7

*

J
6

3

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

RCTAll. TRADE

46
CLASS A

RETAIL TRADE

ns
76

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B

3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0

8 5 .5 0

*

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U TILITIC
See footnotes at end of table,




1 ,2 3 0

3 9 .0
3 0 *"
3 7 .5

27

3 9 *5

9 6 .0 0

8 9 .0 0

179
169
43

3 8 .5

7 9 50
7 9 . 50

78 0 r
7 7 .0 0

3 7 .0

9 5 .0 0

9 3 .5 0

0 L * '0
O '* 00
1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

^9

10

22

87

22

77
57

27

1

127

141

11

18

130
2

1

112

155

19
i

16
i

18

117

32

2

n
8

L.
*

36

38

39

26

37
30

30

*

144

112

33

1 Jin

33
n

1
1
1

2

fr
*
*

8

102
21

3

5

1

2
?9

3

3

1

2

1

ri

15

I'l

t6

1^

12
11

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 - 8 9 .0 0

14
2
2

23
14

9 8 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0

1 033
408

NONMANUFACTURING

69

9 9 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

18

f

7 7 .5 0 - 8 9 .5 0

110 00 1 1 6 50
Art rt 1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0
3^1-0
3 9 . 0 1 1 3 .5 0 1 1 5 .5 0

8

12

26
*

2
2

24
*14

31

33
33

10

12
12

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M ia m i, F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(star dard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

Average
weekly

55

*

*

(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

65

60

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

60

65

»

t

70

75

80

70

75

80

85

44
44

67
67

72
59

13
7

_

12
12

32
32

$

85

S

$

S

90

95

100

90

95

100

13
11

2
2

9
9

6
4

13
13

14
5
9
7
2

33
2
31
3
14

30
6
24
2
11

14
7
7
2

35
7
28

S

t

*

*

»

S

%

t

%

1 ----170

5
5

“

$

105

110

115

105

110

115

9
9

9
9

2
~

-

*

16

26
6
20
6
7

37
13
24
2

19
4
15
4
9

13
1
12
8
2

120

125

120

125

-

130

135

140

150

160

130

135

140

150

160

170 o v e r

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

8
8
2
6

5
5
5
“

9
~
9
5
2

1
1
1

-

4
3
1

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

an d
under

and

W
OMEN - CONTINUED
CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

266
265

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
6 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

$
6 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

$
$
6 2 .0 0 - 7 2 .5 0
6 1 .5 0 - 7 2 .0 0

50
50

CLER KS, ORDER -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

94
90

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 - 9 4 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0

-

CLER KS, PAYROLL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

266
57
209
52
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

9 6 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 3 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

197
65
132
88

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

224
186
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

618
64
554
197
96

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

9 1 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0

OFFICE G IR LS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

37
33

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 - 7 6 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 - 7 4 .5 0

_

SEC R ET A R IE S4---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

2 .1 4 9
242
1 ,9 0 7
577
307

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 6 .0 0 1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0 1 1 3 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 1 0 7 . 0 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0

-

SEC R ET A R IE S, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

139
33
106

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

-

SE C R ET A R IE S, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

566
56
510
112
65

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 6 .5 0 1 2 1 . 5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0 1 2 2 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 4 1 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0 - 1 6 8 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 4 0 .5 0

SE C R ET A R IE S, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------ ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

828
85
743
168

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0

9 7 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 3 2 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

SEC R ET A R IE S, CLASS D -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

616

3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 6 .5

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

9 7 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le ,




68

548
112

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

*

-

6
6
*

12
12
6
1

-

4

3

42
29
13
13

9
9
9

34
30
4
4

2

_

_

“

41
3
38
5

2

3
3

25
25
20

2

-

17
1
16
16

6

-

4
4

10
2
8
8

-

-

6
4

2
-

2
*

2
2

-

“

*

-

*

-

_

_

5
5

5
5

2
2

34
34
4

22
16
4

23
21
2

31
31

i
i

2
2

1
1

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

32
20
7

8
8

-

15
9
4

22
16

-

15
9
5

-

2

68
14
54
5
12

133
7
126
3
33

98
17
81
21

69
6
63
25
8

30
6
24
11
9

49
i
40
45
3

25
2
23
21
-

29
29
29

17
2
15
13
2

165
22
143
7
33

277
29
248
39
54

159
8
151
28
48

204
24
180
32
37

177
22
155
62
17

6

1
1

6
2

-

~

49

-

2

*

-

2

47
17
4

29
7
22
8
2

-

7
7

20
20

7
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

48
4
44

-

-

111
9
102
10
6

168
25
143
7
36
1

*

2

-

1

-

-

2

-

1

2

“

"

“

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

1

“

16

2
1
1

17

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

“

“

-

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

59

-

-

1

2

-

*

~

31
1
30
-

59
1

87
13
74
1

-

-

-

-

1

“

-

11
3
8
1

36
9
27
6

78
11
67
25

-

-

6
-

-

-

*

-

“

-

8

12

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

12
12
-

-

-

-

8
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

164
32
132
55
25

158
20
138
55
13

90
5
85
65
6

94
21
73
33
8

149
17
132
80
18

86
i
85
48
i

34
1
33
30
1

61
2
59
26
“

9
3
6

20
18
2

8

27
5
22

21

24

4

-

-

-

4

21

24

4

9
1
8

56
1
55
5
4

54
15
39
4
10

64

13

28

-

-

~

-

21
10
5

13
5
2

51
11
40
12
17

22

-

64
13
11

22
11
-

28
26
1

1
1

-

1
1

-

6

16

-

17

3
3
~

-

6

-

-

8

34

1

51
14
37
3
4

1

84
13
71
2
9

73
7
66
2

116
6
110
*

60
7
53
4

78
5
73
5

54
9
45
11

55
12
43
15

40
2
38
14

34
5
29
29

46
15
31
18

45
1
44
37

40
1
39
31

2
1
1
-

75
15
60
26

107
6
101
24

59
1
58
19

41
5
36
5

61
10
51
3

46
2
44
2

34

27

8
1
7

32
5
27

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

34

21

-

-

34

27

47
1
46
52 1
5
-

5

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , M iam i, F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

*

55
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t

s

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
S
»
1 ---- *
S
$
*
*
t
S
*
$
t
t ------- »------ 1—
80
95
100
105
110
115
120
125
85
90
130
135
140
150 160
170

$

*

60

65

70

75

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

27

18

68
23
45
5
9

114
15
99
11
5

55
13
42
3
2

100
24
76
43
8

62
8
54
15
6

17
2
15

32
13
19

43
1
42

67
12
55

68
7
61
2

13
*

and
u n d er
60

~
115

120

125

130

135

140

150

85
14
71
40
10

36
16
20
4
“

12

3

12

13

3

3

12
6
“

13
13

3
3

9
2
7
6

24
10
14
3

35
35
6

9
9
3

21
5
16
9

6
6
5

32
14

3
3
3

*
4
3

10
10
10

1
1
1

8
8
8

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

and

2
2
“

13

~

2

12
5
1

-

no

160

170 o v e r

W
OMEN - CONTINUED
$

$

$
$
86.50-105.50
87.00-106.00
86.00-105.50
95 .5 0-109.00
85.00-106.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------------

623
113
510
172
44

39.0
95.50
96.00
40.0
94.50
96.00
39.0
95.50
96.00
37.0 101.50 101.00
98.00
40.0
95.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

382
53
329
0

39.0 108.00 102.50
95.00-122.00
40.0 100.50
99.00
89.00-116.00
38.5 109.00 103.00
95 .5 0- 12 3. 00
132.50 121.00-141.00
"TV,' W

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

70
61
34

39.0 107.00 107.00
87.50-131.00
39.0 109.50 116.50
89.00-132.00
38.5 127.50 131.00 120.00-140.00

*

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

545
540
62

44.5
44.5
39.5

79.50
79.50
79.00

79.00
79.00
82.00

74.00- 84.50
73.50- 84.50
71.50- 88.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

385
166
219
35

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

85.50
86.50
85.00
80.00

85.00
89.50
82.50
79.00

78.0080.5077.0073.50-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

29
29

39.0
39.0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

50
41

38.5
38.5

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------------

397
376
196

38.0
38.0
38.5

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------------

495
115
380
95
97

92.50
94.00
89.50
85.00

127.00 119.50 11 6.00-157.00
127.00 119.50 116.00-157.00
94.50
93.50

96.00
89.00

84.00-104.00
76.00-109.00

95.00
88.50
88.50
95.00
106.50 111.00

77.00-111.50
76.00-113.00
87.50-123.00

39.5
87.00
82.50
90.00
40.0
91.00
39.5
86.00
79.50
39.0 101.50 110.50
39.5
89.00
89.50

76.00- 96.00
82.50- 97.50
74.50- 95.00
76.00-119.00
76.00- 99.00

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

27
15

18
7
2

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1
*

5
5

9
8
-

6
2
-

11
8
-

1
1
1

1
1
1

4
3
2

-

-

6
6
5

6
6
6

10
10
-

55
55
6

87
87
13

139
139
3

124
120
9

54
54
14

30
30
7

20
19
2

8
8
2

3
3

_
-

4
4

-

_
-

_
-

_

42
6
36
13

85
34
51
6

69
27
42
8

60
18
42

70
50
20
2

21
16
5
3

18
14
4
3

5

5
1
4

-

2

-

-

8

-

2

-

-

8

-

1
1

2
2

_

_

_
~

~

1
1

2
2

_

~

11
11

_

“

2
2

_

“

10
10

2
2

1
1

10
10

81
81
30

20
17

63
57
6

70
3
67
23
16

102
10
92
6
10

5

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

9
9

-

-

1

3

34

-

-

-

1

3

34

-

-

6

1
1

-

_

7

73
33
40
7

6

_

_

-

-

4
4
4

8
8
8

18
18
18

19

6

4

-

4

19
13
6

6
6

4
4

-

4
4

2
2

2
2

1
1

6
6

34
34
13

25
25
9

17
17
9

14
12
6

29
19
15

19
19
19

10
10
10

38

47
30
17
13

24
8
16
14

18
9
9
1
8

20
10
10
10

16

16
5
11
11

-

*

43
43
40

3
1

16
16

5

_

13
6

7

-

_

-

31
12

32

2
2
2

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er of w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o sitio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a te show n.
The m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s of pay ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an the
h ig h er r a te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e se n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
5 A ll w o r k e r s w e re at $ 170 to $ 180.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv is io n , M ia m i, F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of
$
80

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

t

t

t

85

90

95

100

90

95

■100

105

-

~

$

S

i

S

%

*

S

s

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

1*0

no

U5_ .120

125

no

135__

1*0

-

-

“

1
1

2

*

$

$

1*5

150

155

1*5

150

155

160

11
“

I

13
1

19
9

3

l

8
3
5

“

$
160

$

t

»

i

170

180

190

200

175

180

190

200

210

6
2

10
10

2*
2*

22
20

3
3

*7

11

6
*1

12
12

11

and
u n d er
85

HEN

$
$
$
$
39.5 171.50 177.00 15 5.50-189.00
39.5 181.50 18*.00 17 7.50-192.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

110
70

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

1*0
58
82

-

-

* 0 . 0 1*7.50 139.00 132.00-168.50
39.0 155.00 163.00 1*1.00-168.00

“

~

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------

58

39.5 132.50 152.50 103.00-159.00

11

1

33
29
26

38.0 151.00 155.00 13*.00-167.50
38.0 153.50 157.00 13 7.50-172.50
37.5 156.50 158.50 1*2.50-176.00

_

39.5 151.50 160.00 135.50-168.00

“

-

-

1

-

-

1

"

“

-

5

2

_

~

1
1

_

“

“

l
-

13
10

-

-

i

3

2

2

1*
13
1

10

*

-

-

3

*

-

1

-

-

12

12

11

-

-

_

_

-

2
1
1

1
1
1

6
4

2
1

_

-

1
1
1

4

*

5
5
5

*
*

7
7
7

_

4

2

18
8

6
2

2

2
2

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

W
OMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREG ISTERED ) ---NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

_

“

-

-

*

-

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m
to th e s e w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




3

_

r a te s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Mi am i, Fla. , N o v e m b e r 1969)
A verage

A verage

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of
worker*

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

A verage

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of
w orkers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------

226
188
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

565
560
62

6 6 .5
6 6 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------RETAIL T R A D E --------------------------

638
66
576
197
96

3 8 .5
6 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------

385
166
219
35

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

9 9 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND G IR L S -------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------- -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------

181
172
67

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

96
86

3 7 .5
3 7 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0

6 0 .5
6 0 .0
6 0 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

SECR ETAR IES3-----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------- NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------

2 ,1 5 1
262
1 ,9 0 9
578
307

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------------

25

3 7 .5

1 0 7 .0 0

3 8 .0
6 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 2 .0 0

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

9 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

SEC R ET A R IE S, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------

9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .5

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 ,6 8 5
229
1 ,2 5 6
517
157

567
56
511
112
65

607
386
201

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------

9 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

8 7 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

SEC R ET A R IE S, CLASS C ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

27
27

829
85
766
169

695
115
380
95
97

CLER KS, F I L E , CLASS A ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------

185
175
63

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

266
265

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

SEC R ET A R IE S, CLASS D ---------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------------

616
68
568
112

3 8 .0
6 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 3 8 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ------------------------------1 6 2 .5 0
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------1 2 6 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ------------------------------1 2 7 .5 0
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------1 5 0 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------1 2 5 .0 0
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------- ----------------------------9 8 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

SECR ET A R IES, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

50
61

866
136
730
83

139
33
106

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

116
76

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 2 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

165
139

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

9 5 . 5 0 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------------------------9 6 .5 0
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------9 5 .5 0
NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------- -----1 0 1 .5 0
9 5 . 0 0 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------

1 5 0 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
6 0 .0

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
6 0 .0

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

297
76
221
56
75

623
113
510
172
66

157
70
87

C LER K S, PAYROLL --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------- -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------

61

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---- ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------

383
56
329
68

3 9 .0
6 0 .0
3 8 .5
6 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0 1U R SES, INDUSTRIAL (R EG ISTER ED ) ----1 0 0 .5 0
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------1 0 9 .0 0
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------1 2 9 .5 0

35
29
26

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 5 0 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------

197
65
132
88

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------

70
61
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0

B IL L E R S . MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

102
75
27

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 8 .5

$
9 0 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

B IL L E R S . MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

93
61

6 1 .0
6 1 .5

9 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

233
72
161

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

171
26
165
66

CLER KS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------

1 1 1 .0 0

1
Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for m e n in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Miami, Fla. , N o v e m b e r 1969)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

i
2 .0 0

Occupation and industry division

Under
*
and
2. 00 unde

i
t
i
t
S
t
S
2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

2 .1 0 2 .2 0

4 .4 8
4 .5 3

$
$
3 .2 3 - 4 .6 8
3 .5 1 - 4 .6 8

68

3 .9 2
3 .7 4
4 .0 5
4 .5 1

4 .1 5
3 .7 3
4 .3 9
4 .6 0

3 .2 1 3 .2 4 3 .1 4 4 .3 8 -

4 .6 2
4 .1 6
4 .6 5
4 .6 9

131
119

2 .9 9
2 .9 4

3 .0 4
3 .0 3

2 .8 9 2 .6 9 -

3 .1 1
3 .0 9

HE LPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

125
51
74

2 .6 6
2 .4 1
2 .8 3

2 .5 4
2 .4 1
3 .2 2

2 .2 3 2 .2 2 2 .2 6 -

3 .2 4
2 .5 2
3 .2 7

MA CH IN IS TS , MA INTENANCE
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -

276
45

4 .4 3
3 .4 0

4 .6 1
3 .5 2

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0 2 .9 0

4 .3 6 - 4 .7 5
3 .2 6 - 3 .6 3

CA RPENTERS, MA INTENANCE
N O N H A N UF AC TU RI NG ---

108
100

ELECTR IC IA NS , MAINTE NA NC E ---------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------

169
69
100

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G —

$

4 .0 9
4 .1 5

$

231

4 .6 3

4 .6 5

642
143
499
335
46

3 .5 5
3 .0 1
3 .7 1
3 .9 0
3 .1 5

3 .4 8
2 .7 9
3 .7 7
3 .9 3
3 .3 2

249
203
46

3 .2 3
3 .1 1
3 .7 6

2 .9 9
2 .9 3
4 .2 5

122
120

2 .9 2
2 .9 2

2 .5 8
2 .5 8

2 .5 2 2 .5 2 -

3 .3 1
3 .3 2

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

75
75

3 .6 8
3 .6 8

3 .7 1
3 .7 1

3 .4 7
3 .4 7

1
1

1

5
5

1

~

-

-

4

2

1

2

1

-

“

4

2

1
~

2
2

1

7
7

6
6

17
17
11
5 11

3
3

14
12
2

11
6
5

6
6

14
14

-

-

11
5
6

-

3
3

5
5

13
11

22
8
14
52
52

5
2
3

3 .2 0

*
3 .3 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3
1

5
2
3

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

6
1

3 .6 0

3

3

8

-

8

-

t

1
2
3
4
5

ii
ii

1
1
4
3
1

20
11
9
4

2
2

-

12
11
1

10
10

14
14

1
1

1
1

37
29
8
6
2

15
15
10
2

47
41
6
2
4

2
2
2
-

2
1
1
1

37
17
20
8
6

30
1
29
5
4

10
4
6

1
1

21
17
4

5
5

22
22

41
39
2

23
23
“

19
16
3

4
4

50
50

-

6
6

2
-

1
1

8
8

s

s

10
10

13
13

21
21

3 21
21

20

-

-

-

14
14

14

15
15

15

20
20

25
12
13
13

26

54

90

56

13

29
3
26
26
-

27
27
27
-

_

15
15
-

6

4
4

9
5
4
4
-

2
2
2

s

5

4
4

13
13

12
12
5

Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Includes 7 workers at $ 5 and over.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
W o rk er s w e r e distributed as follows: 5 at $1.70 to $1.80; 2 at $1.80 to $1.90; and 4 at $1.90 to $2.




s

4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

6

3

3 .8 0

1
1

5
5

3

s

3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

5
4
i

-

1
1

s

11
9

6
6

7
7
-

7
7

s

-

1
1

3 .8 6
3 .8 6

s
t
3 .1 0 3 .2 0

17
13

-

~

3 .1 0

1
1

-

2 .8 0 - 3 .4 6
2 .7 8 - 3 .3 4
3 .1 4 - 4 .3 6

PA INTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

-

3 .1 3 - 3 .9 5
2 .7 0 - 3 .3 7
3 .3 5 - 3 .9 7
3 .7 3 - 3 .9 9
3 .0 1 - 3 .4 3

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --

2

3 .0 0

s
3 .0 0

4 .5 2 - 4 .8 0

ME CH AN IC S, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 4 RE TA IL TRADE -------

2

t
(
2 .8 0 2 .9 0

-

81
15
66
10
12

75
11
64
25
11

44
5
39
36
1

165
11
154
151
1

14
12
2

3
3
-

13
12
1

24
22
2

3
3

3
3

1
1

3
3

10
10

-

-

3
3

-

17
17

14

11
11

-

-

3
1
-

14
9
-

13
13
-

1
1

25
6
19

4
4

-

1
1

2
2
30
30

3
-

2
2

6
6

8
8

12
12

-

2
2

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv is io n , M ia m i, F l a . , N o v e m b e r 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

H ou rly earnings
Number
U nder
Median3

Middle range3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

1 ,0 1 7
967

$
1 .8 7
1 .8 5

$
1 .7 9
1 .7 8

$
1 .6 7 1 .6 6 -

$
2 .0 *
2 .0 2

8
8

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

2 ,5 6 9
*76

1 .9 2
2 .1 5

1 .7 7
2 .1 2

1 .6 3 1 .8 9 -

2 .1 0
2 .3 9

81
-

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

306
33
273
31

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING------ .---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

1 ,8 3 5
979
856

ORDER F IL L E R S ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

699

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

329
272

RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING

168
46

110
*75

687
226

1 .8 7
3 .0 0
1 .8 2

1 .7 9
1 .8 3
1 .7 8
2 .8 3
2 .1 3
2 .0 6
2 .2 1
2 .6 *
2 .1 7
2 .* 5
2 .*6
2 .*7

1 .7 0
3 .1 5
1 .7 9

1 .6 8
1 .8 *
1 .6 8

1 .6 1 -

2 .0 1

3 .0 * 1 .6 5 -

3 .2 6
2 .0 3

*
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

t
2 .2 0

$
2 . 30

S
2 . *0

$
2 .5 0

s
2 . 60

*
2 . 70

t
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2- *0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 . 80

3 .0 0

3 .3 0

118
118

61
61

153

31

35

17

2*

23

10
7

15

132

12

15

22*
**

125

220
62
158
17
35

95
26
69

75
*2
33

15
9
6

5

*1
8*

107
68

13
33

1
7

i
2

23

273
-

329

165

23

329

165

110
-

293
*1
252

81
-

273
-

110
-

“

2*

19

115

_

_

-

~
-

1 .7 7
1 .9 6

2 .9 8

1 .6 * 1 .9 8 -

1 .7 5
3 .* 5

2 .0 7

1 .7 9 -

2 .*6

2 .0 6
2 .0 8

1 .7 5 1 .8 6 -

2 .*0
2 .6 6

2 .*9
2 .0 *

2 .* 2 1 .8 0 -

2 .7 8
2 .6 *

2 .2 6

1 .9 * -

3 .0 6

-

2 .2 8
2 .8 1

1 .9 6 -

3 .0 7

1 .7 8 -

3 .0 8
2 .5 0
2 .5 1

_
-

*

57
-

30
-

161
136
25
6

13

7
*8

63
63
-

73
73
10

57
57
18

*7
*7
3
69

1

50

-

12

68

-

-

-

*

-

-

12
12

56
56

-

_

-

_

2*

38

21

-

"

-

2*

20

12

30
30

6
-

2
2

10
6
4

_

1*

-

1*
2

“

-

3 .2 *

2 .7 7 -

3 .8 3

-

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---MANUFACTURING --------------------------

100
94

2 .8 7
2 .8 8

2 .8 *

3 .1 5
3 .1 6

-

2 .8 7

2 .5 6 2 .5 6 -

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 -----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------

2 ,9 7 2
523
2 , AA9
87*
688

2 .9 2
2 .6 7
2 .9 7

2
2
2
3
2

3
3
3
3
3

-

3 .7 2
2 .6 9

3 .0 5
2 .5 9
3 .1 0
3 .9 2
2 .7 9

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1— / 2 TONS) -----------------------------1
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------

*36
89
3 *7

2 .1 7
2 .3 6

2 .0 5
2 .* 5

-

26
-

*0
7

16
15

15
15

t
3 .8 0

S
* .0 0

t
* .2 0

* .2 0

over

51
*5

68
49

19
9

111

75

12

6
2

19
6

10
*
2

I l l
111

75
7*

-

23
6

49
49

16
16

60

“

19
-

10
-

l i
10

2
-

19
6

10

i

16
6
10

*8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

"

"

-

-

5
5

"

~

_

_

-

30
10
20
-

136
9
127
-

89
22
67
-

2 *6
**

12

16

*6

36

38

69

51

17
2
15
2
9

*1
28

202
-

191
12
179
-

208
7*

-

33
1
32
-

93
-

3*
-

21
11
10
6

4
-

2
2

“

_

29

-

1
28

2*
10
1*

93

3*

1 .8 * -

2 .9 0

~

~

~

12

1*

12

*
-

*
-

*

*

_

_

_

-

-

-

78

*9
1
*8

12

21
57
12

17
9
8

29
11
18

157
21
136

138

8

18

26

65

*

11
127

13*
-

1 *1
5*
87

*5

13
2
3

4

81
52
29

9
9

23

-

_

1

50

-

_

9

_

_

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

12
12
'

1

23

-

-

-

26

7
7
7

-

-

.0 8
.5 0
.6 0
.8 *

51

*

-

3 .3 3

11
11

~

2*
8
16

-

-

_

91
65

-

_

3
3
3
2

2
1

2

157
106

-

-

1
*
-

57
33

-

~
-

-

1

-

2 .3 0
2 .6 5
2 .1 7

2
7
9
3

1

-

1 .8 6 2 .0 5 1 .8 5 -

.1
.1
.3
.1

1

2
1

“

2
2
3
2

1

6
6

.5 5
.2 2
.7 5
.9 6
.2 0

2 .1 6 -

3 . 80

8
8

9
9

“

_

3 .2 6




69
39

1

*7

55

See footnotes at end of table.

2 *7
8*

7
2

*2

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------

2 .7 8
3 .5 5
2 .2 6

13*
77

1

65

122
51

2 .6 3
2 .2 6

$
3 . 60

'

~

13

-

_

-

*
*

-

-

1

56

-

.7 3
.* 8
.7 7
.* 5
.5 2

1 *1
*6
95
-

5*

1

163
6
68

-

2
2
2
3
2

-

173
68
-

_

1 ,1 9 *
172
1 ,0 2 2
295
290

_

*
*

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------

8

15
8

-

3 .0 8
2 .9 5
3 .3 3
3 .2 6

2 .0 1
2 .0 9

12
6
6
5

58
4

-

-

2 .1 2
2 .3 7

187
10
177
1

231
1 *6
85
-

2
2
2
2

121

39
25

2 *1

2 .5 7
2 .5 9
2 .5 6
2 .6 6

-

3
35

_

2 .6 8
2 .5 6
2 .7 3
2 .6 1

.2 1
.2 *
.1 9
.5 6
.1 *

180
3
*8

_

2 .2 5

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

1
*2

-

2 .0 0 2 .0 * .1 5
.3 *
.1 *
.1 2

i
3 .*0

A •6 0

“

2 .2 0
2 .2 3

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

s
3 .2 0

and

610
39
571
-

1 .6 * 1 .6 9 -

2 .1 8

*
1 .9 0

and
under

$
1 .A 0

1 .5 0

2 ,0 9 3
2 *8
390

*
1 .8 0

°

Mean3

$
1 .7 0

*

workers

%
1 .6 0

o

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

$
1 .5 0

*
l.* 0

13
13

“

83
6

113
13

77
28
29

100

18
3
15

72

11
*

13
13
1

60
60
28

166
166
8*

6

11
11

-

-

“

“

*
*

6

11

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

~

-

“

■

-

-

-

“

*

30

1

“

“
30

_

-

-

-

“

-

~

11
11

23
23

“

“

-

-

“

*

15
1
1*

2

~

"

ii
-

7
6

12

4
-

2
~

12
12

4

4

2

-

5
4
3

4
-

i
i

12
10
2
1

9

ii
i i

2

2

-

-

6

10

-

5

2

7

7

8

-

33
33

i
i

7

16
16

19
19

1
1

13
13

5
5

-

-

-

8*
*5
39
6
26

1 *5
11
13*
29

3 *2
39
303
36

227
1
226
196

i i
-

1*

56*
560
4

i i
-

1*
~

117

55
3
52
20
28

56*

56

367
155
212
13
95

22

3
-

1 *1
66
75
2
23

31
1
30
8
18

I

20

_

16

12

22

21
6

-

10
6

12

12
10

22

~

6

12

7

22

27
-

78
5

27
6

73
25
32

125
7
118

83
35
*8

176
1
175

2*
4

9
9

153
12

_

7

1*

_

_

“

23

_

3

6

27

“

~

12
2
10
2
8

19
8

70
7

11
2

63
2

1

11

1
22

4
i*

i*

-

2

"

22
-

56

*

9

22
16
6

56
52

*
-

9

*

*

9

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Miami, Fla., N o v e m b e r 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly eamings 2

O cc u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

%
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

I.A O 1 . 5 0
U nder
*
and
1 .A 0 u n d er
1 .5 0

1 *6 0

1 .6 0 1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .7 0

1 ,9 0 2 .0 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0 2 .0 0

2 ,1 0

t

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

*
3 .2 0

i
i
i
i
s-----3 . A0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0 A . 00 A .20

2 *2 0

2 ,3 0

2 .4 0

2 ,5 0

2 .6 0

2 ,7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

A1
35
6
6

A6
6
A0
A
12

17A
17A
8
106

1AB
10
138
6A

A8
A8
A0
8

30
30
A
22

3A0
3A0
3A0
-

9

21
20

11A
110

_

3
3

168
-

62
A2
20
10

8A
A
80
A0

29
5
2A
8

A
3
1
1

_

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4 .2 0

o v er

TRUCKDRIVERS5 - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

960
107
853
A00
277

$
3 .3 3
2 .6 1
3 .A 2
3 .8 3
3 .0 2

$
3 .2 7
2 .5 9
3 .A 9
3 .9 A
3 .1 5

$
3 .0 6 2 .A 5 3 .1 A 3 .9 1 3 .0 0 -

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

337
155

3 .5 2
3 .1 2

3 .7 9
3 .2 3

3 .2 3 - 3 .9 5
3 .0 9 - 3 .2 7

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

A03
195
208
113

2 .6 3
2 .A 2
2 .8 2
2 .6 A

2 .7 2
2 .3 3
3 .0 3
2 .8 6

2 .2 1 2 .1 9 2 .5 2 2 .1 2 -

1
2
3
4
5

$
3 .9 3
2 .7 7
3 .9 A
3 .9 7
3 .2 6

3 .0 8
2 .8 2
3 .1 6
3 .1 A

-

-

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and typ e of tr u c k o p e r a te d .




2
2

26
26

17
11
6

2
2
-

A
A

15
5
10

1
1

20
18
2

26
20
6

2

-

26

6

-

A

-

1

2

6

8
8
A
A

-

“

-

-

-

A
A

-

18
18

_

_

*

”

*

A
A
A

1A
10
A
A

23
13
10
10

13
7
6
6

39
17
22
22

A6
A6
-

12
12
-

25
15
10
2

7
7
-

16
2
1A
5

14
10
4
-

-

-

8
8
-

7
7
3

5
5
5

.
1
1
1

_

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., wl51ch a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
an d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s tjhe s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , an d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e of a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n of t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d co d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , an d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s “ o r- p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on the p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n fu s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

13

KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
i n e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

14
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR E
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

SECR ETA R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e in q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s i o n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p of p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e no t c o n s id e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
a ll,

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a jo r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
a ll,

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a . S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; jor
b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

GEN ERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . (S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e no t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

15
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w it c h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o rk . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n of a g r o u p o f ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r f in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tra n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e no t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., of te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n ifo r m ity a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n of c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) an d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
of p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lth e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , an d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

1
6
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )--- C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o r k ;
a n d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m o v i n g parts
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

or we ar in g surfaces

of mechanical

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o x o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




M A IN T E N A N C E

17
S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y of to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a tin g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU ARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te
an d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g ; L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (1 Vz to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s fo r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; an d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t go o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a;re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r ( o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )







A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e te n th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn e y s, c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s, en g in ee rin g te c h n ic ia n s, d ra fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l
em p lo y ee s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 16 5 4 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 $ . S e v e n t y - ^ i v e
c en ts a copy.




A rea W age Su rveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t of the W a ge and H o u r and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g to n , D . C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1969 1 ________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1969 1_________
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1969_______________________
A lle n tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . , M a y 1969----B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A ug. 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1969 1____
P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1969____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1969 1_________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1 __________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g. 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O ct. 1969 _________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t., M a r . 1969 1 ____________________________
C an to n , O hio, M a y 1969 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1969_____________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t. 1969____________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1969 1 _______________________________
C i n c in n a ti , Ohio— y .—I n d . , M a r . 1969 1 ________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h io, O c t. 1 9 6 9 ______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1969__________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l in e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
O ct. 1969 1 ______________________________________________
D ay to n , O h io, J a n . 1969 1 _______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _____________________ ___ ______
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a r . 1969____ ______________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1969 1 _____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , O ct. 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1969 1------------------------------------H o u st o n , T e x . , M a y 1969 1______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., O ct. 1969_____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1_____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1 ---------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . - K a n s , , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1969 ------------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _______
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1 _______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1969 ----------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1969------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n .— r k . , N ov. 1968_______________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , N ov. 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
M i d la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969-----------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1969________________

 D a ta on esta b lish m e n t


Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 c e n t s
35c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
45 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1625-78,
1660-28,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1625-30,
1660-32,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s

p r a c tic e s and su p p le m e n tary w age provision s are a lso p resen ted.

A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , J a n . 1969______________
New H a v e n , Con n ., J a n . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 ---------------------------------New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p to n , V a . , J u n e 1968______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k l a . , J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m ah a, N ebr.—
Iow a, S e p t . 1969_________________________
P a t e r s o n — lift o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1968______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1969 1 ___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M a y 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e - P a w t u c k e t — a rw ic k , R .I.— a s s . ,
W
M
M a y 1969 1 -------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1969________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------- -—--------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1969 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U tah, Nov. 1969 1-----------------------------S a n A n tonio, T e x . , J u n e 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e rs id e — n tario, C alif.,
R
O
Oct. 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1968______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1969 1 ___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , Nov. 1968 1 ___________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p t . 1969________________________
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1969_____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., J u n e 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1969 1 ______________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h ., F e b . 1969 1________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------U t i c a — o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969-----------------------------------R
W a s h in g to n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1968_________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1969___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 1 9 6 8 1_____________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969____________________________________
Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1968__________________
W

B u lle tin num ber
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30 c e n ts
40 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
60 c e n ts

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
50 c e n t s
35c e n t s
35 c e n ts

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
O F FIC IA L




20212

BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

I
----------------------------- 1

I F I R S T C L A S S MAIL I

I------------------------------------- 1


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102