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The Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Metropolitan Area
July 1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -1 7




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

R egion II
R egion I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phoney 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
337 M ayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions VII and VIII w ill be serviced by Kansas City,
** Regions IX and X w ill be serviced by San Francisco.



Area Wage Survey

The Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Metropolitan Area




J u ly

1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -1 7
January 1970

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G eoffrey H . Moore, Com m issioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




C o n ten ts

P re fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ield s d e ta ile d d ata by se le c te d in d u s try d iv isio n fo r each
of th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , an d fo r th e
U n ited S ta te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s ig h t in to (l) th e m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) t h e s t r u c ­
tu r e an d le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ---------------------------------------------T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

A t th e en d of e a c h s u rv e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p le tio n of a ll of th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a ro u n d
of s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s d a ta f o r e a c h of th e m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to
one bu lletin .
T he se co n d p r e s e n ts in fo rm a tio n w h ich h as
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta to
r e la te to g e o g ra p h ic re g io n s a n d th e U n ite d S ta te s .

B.
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n tl y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
is c o lle c te d a n n u a lly a n d on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
s u p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v isio n s b ien n ially .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y in
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k la ., in J u l y 1969.
T he S tan d ard M e t­
r o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u of
th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s is ts of C a n a d ia n ,
C le v e la n d , an d O k la h o m a C o u n tie s.
T h is stu d y w a s c o n ­
d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o ffic e in D a l l a s , T e x .,
u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of B oyd B. O 'N e a l, A s s i s t a n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r O p e ra tio n s .




1
5

E s ta b lis h m e n ts an d w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e of s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a i g h t - ti m e
h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s, and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s -----------------------------------------O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s:
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n -----------------------------------------A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n -----------------------A -3 . O ffice, p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s -------------------------------A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -------------------E sta b lish m e n t p ra c tic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v isio n s:
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffice
w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 2 . S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s --------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s -------------------------------------B -7 . M e th o d of w a g e d e te r m in a tio n a n d f re q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A p p en d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u latio n s
(See in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

are

av ailab le

for

o th er

U n io n s c a l e s , in d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e O k la h o m a C ity a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r b u ild in g
c o n s tru c tio n ; p rin tin g ; lo c a l- tr a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s ;
and m o to rtr u c k d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s , and allie d o ccu p atio n s.

iii

4

6

7
10
11
12
13

14
15
16
17
18
20
21
22




Area Wage Survey---The Oklahoma City, Okla., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 of 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s co n d u c ts s u rv e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
and re la te d b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s i s .1 In th is a r e a , d a ta w e re
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
ativ e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s e b ro a d in d u stry
d iv isio n s:
M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s;
w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin an ce, in s u ra n c e ,
and re a l e state;
s e rv ic e s ; and c ru d e p e tro le u m and n a tu ra l g a s. M a jo r in d u s try g ro u p s
e x c lu d ed f ro m th e s e stu d ie d a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e ra tio n s and th e c o n ­
stru c tio n and e x tra c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g fe w e r th a n
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d to
f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t
in c lu sio n . S e p a ra te tab u latio n s a re p ro v id ed fo r e a c h of th e b ro a d in ­
d u s try d iv isio n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s d a ta a r e show n for
f u ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sc h ed u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a tio n .
E a rn in g s d ata ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v e rtim e and for w o rk on w eek e n d s, h o lid ay s, and
late sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e ex clu d ed , but c o s t-o f-liv in g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h our) fo r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p ay
fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a te s ) . A v erag e w eek ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T he a v e ra g e s p re s e n te d re fle c t co m p o site , a re a w id e e s ti­
m ates.
In d u strie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts
d iffe r in p ay le v e l and job
s ta ffin g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u te d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e ls fo r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh o u ld
n o t b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O th er p o ssib le fa c to rs w h ich m ay
c o n tr ib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , sin c e on ly th e
a c tu a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c te d ; an d d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c ific
d u ties p e r fo r m e d , alth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d a p p ro p ria te ly
w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n th o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and allow fo r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s in th e s p e c ific d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d o n a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv ed in s u r v e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th a n of s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g t h e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r, all e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e giv en th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t.
E s­
ti m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o s e b elo w th e m in im u m siz e stu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s

and E arn in g s

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
of m a n u f a c tu rin g an d n o n m a n u f a c tu rin g
i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e of th e
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a tio n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t of job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e job.
T he o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y
a r e lis te d an d d e s c r ib e d in th e ap p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n i n g s d a ta fo llo w in g
th e job title s a r e fo r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d . E a rn in g s d a ta fo r so m e
of th e o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t i n t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e of th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r
a ctu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e of th e jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y of th e
e a rn in g s d ata.
E stab lish m en t P ra c tic e s

1
I n c lu d e d in th e 9 0 a re a s a re fo u r s tu d ie s c o n d u c te d u n d e r c o n tr a c t w ith t h e N e w Y o rit S ta te
D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r. T h e s e a re a s a re B in g h a m to n (N e w Y o rk p o r tio n o n ly ); R o c h e s te r ( o f f ic e o c c u ­
p a tio n s o n ly ); S y ra c u s e ; a n d U t i c a — R o m g . In a d d it i o n , th e B u re a u c o n d u c ts m o re l i m i t e d a r e a s tu d ie s
i n 78 a re a s a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b lic C o n tr a c ts D iv isio n s o f t h e U. S. D e ­
p a r t m e n t o f L ab o r.




1

and S u p p lem en tary W age P ro v is io n s

I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c te d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v isio n s as th ey
r e la te to p la n t an d o ffice w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , ex e c u tiv e , and
p ro fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s tru c tio n w o r k e rs w ho a r e u tilized
a s a s e p a ra te w o rk fo rc e a r e ex clu d ed .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e

2

w o rk in g f o re m e n and a ll n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s
(in clu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d fu n ctio n s.
C a fe te ria w o r k e rs and ro u te m e n a re
e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n office w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of th e o p tim u m
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , an d th e p r o b a b ility th a t la r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h a v e f o rm a l e n tra n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l le v e l th a n s m a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h ift d if f e r e n t i a l d a ta (ta b le B -2 ) a r e l i m i te d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c tu r in g in d u s tr ie s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c if ie d sh ift a t th e t i m e of th e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d
d if f e r e n tia ls , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c la s s if ic a tio n " o th e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la te - s h if t h o u rs a r e p aid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe re n tia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of th e s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s (ta b le B -3 ) of a m a j o r i t y of th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p ly in g to
a ll of th e p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S ch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e th o s e w h ic h f u ll- tim e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to
w o rk , w h e th e r th ey w e re p aid fo r at s tr a ig h t- tim e o r o v e rtim e r a te s .

P a id h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n s ; h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p lan s;
and fre q u e n c y of w age p a y m e n t (ta b le s B -4 th ro u g h B -7)
a r e t r e a t e d s ta tis tic a lly on th e b a s is th a t th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to all
p l a n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u alify fo r th e p r a c tic e s liste d .
S u m s of in d iv id u al
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
ro u n d in g .

D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (tab le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to d a ta on h o li­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (l) a r e p r o v i d e d fo r
i n w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid ay s
o r d in a r ily g r a n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y fa ll on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y off.
The firs t
2
A n e s ta b l is h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a p o lic y i f i t
d itio n s: (1 ) O p e r a te d l a t e sh ifts a t th e t im e o f t h e s u rv e y , o r (2 ) h a d
l a t e s h ifts. A n e s ta b l is h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g f o rm a l p ro v is io n s
sh ifts d u rin g th e 12 m o n th s p r io r to th e s u rv e y , o r (2 ) h a d p ro v is io n s i n
l a t e s h ifts.




p a r t of t h e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r of w h o l e a n d h a lf
h o lid ay s a c tu a lly g ra n te d .
T he s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le an d h alf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T he s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (tab le B -5) is lim ite d to a
s ta tis tic a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of th e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c if ic b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of le n g th of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s fo r p a y m e n t on
o th e r th a n a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a le n t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s a n d
th o se w h ich offer "e x ten d ed " or " s a b b a tic a l" b e n e fits beyond b a sic
p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lif y in g le n g th s of s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D ata on h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (tab le B -6) in ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of th e
c o st. Such p lan s in clu d e th o se u n d e r w ritte n by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e
c o m p a n y and th o s e p ro v id e d th ro u g h a u n io n fund o r p a id d ir e c tly by
th e e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
fo r th is p u rp o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if t h e m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r t h e
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r i b u te t o w a r d th e c o s t of th e p la n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u rity , and r a ilr o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x clu d ed .

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
in s u ra n c e u n d e r w h ich p re d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m ad e d ire c tly
to th e in s u r e d d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ility .
I n f o r m a t i o n is
p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u te s .
How­
e v e r , in N ew Y o rk a n d N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y
d is a b ility in s u ra n c e law s w h ich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s ,3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w i t h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s of t h e l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i te d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n of th e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
S ep arate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a itin g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n of th e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p ro v id e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p aid
s ic k l e a v e , a n u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l is sh o w n of w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th ty p e s of b e n e f its .

m e t e i t h e r o f th e f o llo w in g c o n ­
T h e t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility law s in C a l if o r n ia a n d R h o d e Is la n d do n o t r e q u ir e e m p l o y e r
f o r m a l p ro v is io n s c o v e rin g
c o n tr i b u ti o n s .
i f i t (1 ) h a d o p e r a t e d l a t e
A n e s ta b l is h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as h a v in g a f o r m a l p l a n if i t e s ta b lis h e d a t l e a s t th e
w r i tt e n f o rm fo r o p e r a tin g
m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d ay s o f s ic k l e a v e a v a il a b le to e a c h e m p l o y e e .
S u c h a p l a n n e e d n o t be
w r i tt e n , b u t in fo r m a l s ic k l e a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m i n e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s is , w e re e x c lu d e d .

3

M a jo r m e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o s e p lan s w h ich a r e d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y in v o l v i n g
e x p e n s e s b ey o n d th e c o v e r a g e of b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and
su rg ic a l p lan s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d in g f o r c o m ­
p le te o r p a r tia l p a y m e n t of d o c to r s ' f e e s .
Such p lan s m a y be u n d e r ­
w r itte n by c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o rg a n iz a tio n s
o r th e y m a y be paid fo r by th e e m p lo y e r out of a fund s e t a s id e fo r
th is p u rp o se .
T a b u l a t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
th o s e p la n s th a t p ro v id e r e g u la r p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a i n d e r of the
w o r k e r 1s l i f e .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a id u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
cen tiv e s y s te m s .
U n d e r a s in g le r a te s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e is p a id
to a ll e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e jo b c la s s if ic a tio n . A n in d iv id ­
u al w o r k e r o c c a s io n a lly m a y be paid a b o v e o r b elo w th e s in g le r a te




for sp e c ia l re a s o n s , but such p ay m en ts a r e ex cep tio n s. A ra n g e -o fr a te s p la n sp e c ifie s th e m in im u m a n d /o r m a x im u m r a te p aid e x p e r i­
e n c e d w o r k e r s fo r th e s a m e jo b . I n f o r m a tio n a ls o is p r o v id e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h t h e r a n g e . In t h e a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f ic a t i o n s of th e in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n tiv e p la n s is p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of th e lo w in c id e n c e of s u c h p la n s f o r o ffic e
w orkers.
U n d e r a p ie c e w o r k s y s te m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e is p a id
f o r e a c h u n it of o u tp u t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o ta o r c o m p l e t i o n of a jo b in l d s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a tio n on a c o m m is s io n b a s is r e p r e s e n ts p a y m e n ts b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a lu e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a tio n of a s t a te d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n ta g e .

tab le

D ata
B -7.

on

frequency

of

w age

paym ent

also

are

p ro v id ed

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d i n O k l a h o m a C i ty , O k la . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 J u l y 1969
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b l is h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
o f s tu d y

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

A ll d i v i s i o n s ----- -------

—

--------- —

S tu d ie d
T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

P e rce n t

T o ta l4

133

7 8 , 992

100

4 8 , 528

14, 276

4 7 ,9 2 5

50

106
315

38
95

2 7 ,8 0 0
5 1 , 192

35
65

1 8 ,9 0 3
2 9 ,6 2 5

3, 723
10, 553

19, 636
2 8 , 289

50
50
50
50
50
50

45
53
99
52
43
23

18
13
25
12
17
10

1 2 ,7 5 3
5, 811
18, 536
6, 7 1 8
4 , 122
3 , 252

16
7
24
9
5
4

T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and

C r u d e p e t r o l e u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s -------------------

O f f ic e

421

—

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------------------------------------

W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y
W ith in s c o p e
of s tu d y 3

5, 977
( 6)
( 6)
(7 )
(?)
( 6)

2 , 175
(‘ )
(?)
( )
(?)
( 6)

9 , 869
1 ,8 6 1
9 , 756
2 , 545
1 ,8 9 5
2 , 363

1 T h e O k la h o m a C i ty S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f C a n a d i a n , C l e v e la n d , a n d O k l a h o m a C o u n t i e s .
The
" w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n of t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d i n t h e s u r v e y .
T he e s tim a te s
a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r
t h e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
re q u ire s
th e
use
of e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y ro llp e rio d s tu d ie d , an d
(2 )
s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m in i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A ll o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s ,
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n i s r e p r e s e n te d in e s ti m a t e s f o r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g " in th e S e r ie s A t a b le s , an d f o r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " in th e S e r ie s B t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p l e
w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv i d u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly i n e s t i m a t e s
fo r " a ll
i n d u s t r ie s " in th e S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n i n f o o tn o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g
r e lig io u s an d c h a r i ta b l e o r g a n iz a tio n s ); an d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i te c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r o n e - t h i r d o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y i n t h e O k la h o m a C i ty a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

In d u stry g ro u p s
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s ---------------------------------F o o d and k in d re d p ro d u c ts —
F a b ric a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts —
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ----P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ---------M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t
e l e c t r i c a l ____________________

26
18
14
14
7
6

C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ------ 24
F a b r ic a te d s tr u c tu r a l
m e t a l p r o d u c t s ___
— ----- 13
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ------------------- 8
M e a t p r o d u c t s --------------------------- 6
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d
e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------- 6
N e w s p a p e r s ------------------------------- 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d o n e s ti m a t e s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e riv e d f ro m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r i o u s ° in d u s t r y d iv is io n s m a y
d iff e r f ro m p r o p o rtio n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l ts o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n ta g e s of c h an g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in dexes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u rin g th e b a s e p e r io d (d a te of th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c te d
b e t w e e n J u l y I9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e
d a te of th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w ag e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d d a te s .
T hese
e stim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e not in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o ffice c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the w age
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p lan t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p re m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eek e n d s, h o lid ay s, and
late sh ifts.
The p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata fo r s e le c te d key o c c u ­
p a tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in
ea c h group.

L im ita tio n s

of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
E a c h of th e s e le c te d k ey o c c u p a tio n s w ith in a n o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p w as a s s ig n e d a w eig h t b a s e d on its p ro p o rtio n a te e m p lo y m e n t
in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p .
T h e se c o n s ta n t w eig h ts r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m en ts w h e re v e r p o ssib le .
The a v e ra g e (m ean) e a rn in g s for
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u ltip lie d by th e o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, a n d th e
p r o d u c ts f o r a ll o c c u p a tio n s in th e g r o u p w e r e to ta le d .
The a g g re g a te s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e for.
the l a t e r y e a r by th e a g g r e g a te fo r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e in d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g t h e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y t h e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u l t i p ly (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r 's r e la tiv e by th e p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .
A v erag e e arn in g s
f o r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

T he in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f lu e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n t h e s a m e j o b , a n d (3 ) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s .
It is c o n c e i v a b l e
th a t e v e n th o u g h a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in a n a r e a g av e w ag e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w ages m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d th e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , w ages
m a y have re m a in e d re la tiv e ly co n stan t, y et th e a v e ra g e s fo r a n a r e a
m ay have rise n c o n sid e ra b ly b e cau se h ig h er-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a .

O ffic _ c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ): O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) — S k i ll e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n ) :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
C o n tin u e d
C a r p e n te r s
o p e ra to rs , c la s s B
S e c re ta rie s
E l e c tr ic ia n s
C le ik s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s e s
S te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e r a l
M a c h in is ts
A and B
S te n o g ra p h e rs , s e n io r
M e c h a n ic s
C le ik s , f i l e , c la s s e s
S w itc h b o a r d o p e ra to rs , c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o ti v e )
A , B, a n d C
A and B
P a in te r s
C lerics, o r d e r
T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e ra to rs ,
P ip e f itte r s
C lerics, p a y ro ll
c la s s B
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A a n d B
K e y p u n c h o p e ra to rs , c la s s e s
U n s k ille d p l a n t (m e n ) :
A and B
I n d u s tr ia l n u rse s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ):
J a n ito r s , p o r te r s , a n d c le a n e r s
O ffic e bo y s a n d g irls
N u rs e s , i n d u s tr ia l ( r e g is te r e d )
L a b o re rs , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g




T he u s e of c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s th e e ffe c t
of c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T he p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e r e f le c t on ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p ay fo r s t r a i g h t - ti m e h o u r s .
T hey a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s su c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p ay
for o v ertim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e a n y s ig n if ic a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the sc o p e of th e s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W e e k ly S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a ti o n a l G r o u p s in
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k la ., J u l y 1969 a n d J u l y 1968, a n d P e r c e n t s of C h a n g e 1 f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

A ll i n d u s tr ie s
P erio d

O ffice
c lerical
(m en and
w om en)

In d u strial
nurses
(m en and
w om en)

S k illed
m ain ten an ce
tra d e s
(m en)

U n sk ille d
p lan t
w o rk ers
(m en)

O ffice
c le ric a l
(m en and
w om en)

In d u strial
nurses
(m en and
w om en)

S k illed
m ain te n a n c e
trad es
(m en)

U n sk ille d
p lan t
w orkers
(m en)

In d e x e s (A ugust 1960-100)
J u l y 1 9 6 9 ______________________________________
J u l y 1 9 6 8 ______________________________________

141.5
135.3

(?)
(2 )

(2 )
(2 )

1 3 7 .0
133.8

1 35.7
128.3

(2)
(2 )

(2)
(2 )

143.1
1 3 6 .0

(
(?)

8 .5
4 .2

5 .2
4 .2

( )

(?)
(2 )
(?)
(?)
(2 )

P e r c e n t s of c h an g e 1
J u l y 1968 to
J u ly 1967 to
A u g u s t 1966
A u g u s t 1965
A u g u s t 1964
A u g u s t 1963
A u g u s t 1962
A u g u s t 1961
A u g u s t 1960

1
2
3

J u l y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------J u l y 1 9 6 8 ______________________
t o J u l y 1 9 6 7 ___________________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 6 _______________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 5 _______________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 4 _______________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 3 _______________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 2 _______________
t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 1 _______________

4 .6
5 .2
5 .4
4 .5
2 .8
2 .8

3.3
3 .0
3 .8

(? )
(?)

o

()
(!)
)
( )
(?)
(2 )

2 .1

8 .7
4 .5

3 .4

1 .0

(2 )
(?)
(2 )
3.5

3- . l
4 .7

5 .8
4 .8
4 .5
2.5
3.6
1.7
3 .0

1 .8

2 .2

3 .0

2 .9

5 .3
5 .7
5.1

2 .4
6 .2

0
(?)
(2 )
(2 )

Q
(2 )

U n le ss o th e rw ise in d ic a te d , all ch an g es a r e in c r e a s e s .
D ata do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e u n u s u a l c h a n g e s l a r g e l y r e f l e c t c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in h i g h - a n d l o w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .




6 .2

8 .0
2 .3
2 .4
4 .0
3- . 1
4 .5
3

7
A. O ccupational E arnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , O k la h o m a C i t y , O k la . , J u l y 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

L i
of

N u m b e r o f w o rk e rs

*

Average
weekly
(standard)

M e an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

t

55
and
under
60

60

i

t
65

70

S
75

$
80

r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e

t
85

$
90

$

$
95

100

*
105

w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f —

$

$
110

115

t
120

$

%

125

130

s
140

$
150

i

$
160

170

180
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
1

9
5
4

10
4
6
4

9
-

16
4
12
7

26
1
25
8

22
1
21
5

24
6
18
4

22
_

9
2

22
8

_
-

_
-

-

_

-

6
6

3
3

-

-

-

20
10
8

10
7
6

4
4
3

4
2
2

5
5
5

-

i
i
i

_
_

-

2
1
1

1

-

9
7
6

7
7

_

8

6
3

_

28
28

14
14

2
1

28
19

17
11
11

1

160

170

180

17
-

12
-

17
17

12
10

25
3
22
18

1
1

_
_

over

MEN

$
CLERKS,

A CCOUN TING,

M AN UF ACT URI NG

CL ASS

A

----------------------------

NONMA NUF ACT URI NG ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------C L E R K S , A CCOUN TING,
N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG
PUB LIC

CL ASS B
-------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------

214
26
188
83

$

40.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
40.0

1 4 0.50
1 2 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0
118 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
152 .0 0

$
1
1
1
1

66
48
32

40 .0
4 0 .0
40.0

10 3 .5 0
1 0 4.00
1 0 6 .5 0

103 .5 0
104 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

$
2
0
2
2

1
5
3
5

.5
.0
.0
.0

0 -1 6 2 .0 0
0 -1 3 7 .0 0
0 -1 6 4 .0 0
0 -1 6 7 .5 0
-

-

9 5 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
76 .5 0

6 5 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

80 .0 0
80 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

1
1

28
28
6

15
11
6

8 1 .0 0
82 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
80 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 7 5 .5 0 -

8 9 .5 0
9 6.00

-

-

9
7

-

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 8 . 50

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

.0
.0
.5
.0

87.0 0
9 1.50
86.0 0
97.0 0

82.0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

7 2 .5
7 8 .5
7 2 .0
7 4 .5

3
-

156
12
144
16

41
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

89.5 0
89.0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 0.00

197
38
159

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5

7 6 .5 0
83.5 0
7 4 .5 0

218
213

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

-------------------------

40
36

C L E R K S , P AY RO LL -----------------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG ---------------------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG ------------------------COMPTOMETER O PE RA TOR S -------------------MAN UF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------

CLERKS,

ORDER

------------------------------------

112
97

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

100 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

117
93
29

4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

73 .0 0
7 3.00
74 .5 0

41
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------

171
150
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

C L E R K S , AC CO UN TING, CL ASS B —
MAN UF ACT URI NG ---------------------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG ------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------

552
93
459
82

4
4
4
4

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG
OFFICE

BOY S

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG
PUBLIC

-------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------

-

-

7

7
7

-

13
9
3

9
8
1

5
5
2

12
10

4

6
5

-

15
15

18
18
4

13

44
14
30
4

47
8
39

35

-

-

1

i

10
9

2
1

20
10
10

22
3

_

19

3

19

_

-

_
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
2

4
4
4

3
3
2

_
-

_
-

3

2
2

4

_

19
_
19

2

32
30
_

-

-

-

*

i
i

WOMEN

B I L L E R S , MA CHI NE ( B O O K K E E P I N G
M A C H I N E ) ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG

-------------------------

C L E R K S , AC CO UN TING,
NONMANUF ACT URI NG

CL ASS A —
-------------------------

PUB LIC

CLERKS,

FILE,

CL ASS

A --------------------

N ONMA NUF ACT URING

-------------------------

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B -------------------MAN UF ACT URI NG ---------------------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG
CLERKS,

F ILE ,

CLA SS

NONMA NUF ACT URI NG
CLERKS,

OROER

------------------------C

--------------------

-------------------------

------------------------------------------

NON MA NUF ACT URI NG

NONMANUF ACT URI NG

See fo o tn o te s

-------------------------

a t e n d o f t a b le .




8 9 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

-

i

18
18
8

4
4

7
2
1

7
7

7
5

4
4

-

-

~

i

18
14
1

17
15
9

30
26
10

2

_

9
2

2

3

-

1

1

~

23
23

-

9

24
4
20
8

26

33

56
12
44
6

3

24

51
14
37
8

11

ii

35
2

7
6

5
5

3

i

3

3

-

3

3

10

4

8

3

2

i

_

_

9
-

9 9 .0 0
0 3 .0 0
9 8.00
2 1 .0 0

_
-

-

-

53
2
51
6

8 1 .0 0 8 0 .5 0 -

9 8 .5 0
9 8.50

-

_

_

-

-

-

8
8

7 5 .5 0
83.0 0
7 3 . 50

6 7 .5 0 7 6 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 -

8 2 .5 0
9 6.50
7 9.50

-

44

26

-

26
6
20

44

24

42
6
36

7 0 .5 0
70.0 0

6 8.50
6 8 .5 0

6 3 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

6
6

81
80

31
31

45
44

21
21

19

12
12

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
85 .5 0

84 .0 0
83 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 9 2.00

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

10
10

10
10

5
5

113
53
60

4 0 .0
40 .0
39.5

9 8 .5 0
9 5.50
102.0 0

101 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
102.5 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

11
11

2

13
6

18

-

10
8

190
60
130

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40 .0

9 2 .0 0
1 0 1.00
8 7 .5 0

8 9 .5 0
9 9.50
8 4 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 4.00

28
10
18

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1

-

3

-

_

_

3

-

-

-

“

i
2

-

_

-

“

2
1
1

2

-

2

14

23

31

-

-

-

14

23

31

7

9
9

_

10

-

_

7

1

16
5

-

6

11

30
15
15

8
5

12
8
4

_

-

-

-

3
-

1

-

2

3

_

-

_

-

1

-

1

2

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

5
3

i

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

1

_

_

_

7

-

2
i

_

-

3

4
3

10
4
6

17
8

9

1

10
6

13
10

4

3

16
3
13

3

i

2

1
2

-

-

i

2

2

i

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

2
2

_

_

_

1

-

“

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, O k l a h o m a City, Okla. , July 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woxkers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight- time weekly earnings o : --*

$
55

Median 2

M e an 2

$
70

$
75

s
80

S
85

*
90

$
95

$

$
100

105

$
110

s
115

S
120

$
125

$
130

*
140

$
150

s
160

*
170

Middle range 2

180

and
70

75

89

85

90

?5

199

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

l

-

~

10
2
8
*

42
1
41

52
8
44

37
19
18
2

28
23
5
2

9
5
4
2

8
4
4
3

10
3
7
5

3
3
-

6
6
6

2
-

5
-

1
-

“

65

2
1

5
5

1
1

55
3
52

38
6
32

41
5
36

43
19
24

27
11
16

16
15
1

5
4
1

1
1
“

9
9

3
3

_
-

-

-

_
-

27
9
18
“

94
25
69
2

48
11
37
2

97
31
66
"

153
33
120
13

128
26
102
15

61
20
41
5

64
19
45
6

68
24
44
6

70
19
51
6

48
16
32
7

1
-

2

13
5
8

-

~

3
1
2

3

-

6
4
2

8

~

8

15
5
10

24
14
10

24
10
14
5

L6Q

170

180

over

C O N T IN U E D

K EYP U N C H O P E R A T O R S , CLA SS A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------

217
68
149
27

40
40
40
40

KEYPU N C H O P E R A T O R S , CLASS B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------

266
67
199

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

S E C R E T A R IE S 4 --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G - - -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1,079
290
789
119

.0
.0
.0
.0

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA S S A ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------

86
25
61

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA SS B ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

$
93
96
92
115

.00
.00
.00
.5 0

$
9 0.00
9 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
9 0.50
7 9.00

8 1 .5 0
9 0.50
7 8 .0 0

-1

7 3 .5 0 8 6 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 -

$
9 8.50
9 9.50
9 4 .5 0
3 0 .0 0
8 9.50
9 7 .5 0
8 5.50

9 3 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5
9 3 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0
9 3 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 6 .5 0
1 4 0 .0 0
135 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

250
68
182
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

118
118
118
145

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

114
115
115
143

9 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0
9 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5

S E C R E T A R IE S , C LA SS C ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G - - -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

384
109
275
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

109
107
111
127

.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLA SS 0 ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

359
88
271
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
101 .5 0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G ENERAL ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G - - -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

395
88
307
90

4
4
4
4

.0
.0
.0
.0

9 1.00
8 9.50
9 1.00
9 6.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N IO R -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G - - -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

346
278
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

109 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
109 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C LA SS B --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

103
84

4 2 .0
4 2 .5

7 6 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------

191
55
136

4 0 .0
40 .0
4 0 .0

84
70

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

-

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
G ENERAL ------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,

0
0
0
0

.0
.0
.0
.0

.5
.0
.0
.5

8 7.5
8 9 .0
8 7 .0
9 1 .0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 0
8
8
8
8

2
3
1
5

.0 0 .5 0 .5 0 .0 0 -1

3
4
3
4

.5
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

4

1
-

15

12
-

1

15

12

-

_

-

-

14
6
8
*

23
3
20

_

_

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

0
0
0
0

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 2 8.50

4
4
4
4

109
109
108
127

$
8 5 .0
9 1 .5
8 3 .0
1 0 6 .5

0
0
0
0




$
65

and
under
60

WOMEN -

*
60

_

-

-

“

-

_
-

-

-

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

*

*

*

-

-

62
21
41
17

42
8
34
14

31
10
21
5

27
1
26
16

14
4
10
3

8
4
4
2

7
3
4

13
4
9

9
1
8

A
-

3

12
3
9

5
4
1

16
4
12
2

19
7
12
2

17
4
13
7

16
1
15
7

8
3
5
1

12

8
4
4
1

26
9
17
5

27
9
18
9

19
4
15
7

10
3
7
4

_
-

_
~

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

2

4

-

-

2

4
4

5
3
2

26
i
25

23
9
14

24
3
21

11
9
2
”

21
12
9
2

23
6
17
~

18
6
12

73
9
64
1

37
10
27
1

16
3
13
3

29
4
25
6

23
11
12
l

36
11
25
4

68
13
55

20
2
18
2

51
24
27

67
13
54
14

24
8
16
2

ii
i
10

18
2
16

10
4
6

*

“

~

17
7
10
6

19

11

9

19
15

11
1

9
2

-

A

2

“
-

-

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

12
6
6

15

12

15

12

-

44
10
34
12

28
12
16
5

106
15
91
18

62
23
39
20

57
16
41
15

24
4
20
2

20
11
9

-

“

-

1

9

22

-

-

-

-

9 7 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 8.00
1 1 .0 0

“

1
"

9 8 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

_

-

-

7 5.00
7 2 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0
8 4.50

5
5

8 3.00
8 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

7 7.50
7 6 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 7 1 .5 0 -

8 8 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

-

8 4.00
8 4.00

8 3 .0 0
8 3.50

7 6 .5 0 7 7 .0 0 -

8 8.50
8 8 .5 0

“

8
3
5

9
-

*

22
“

_
-

1
1

6
5
1
1

-

“

-

13
13
5

2
2
-

_

50
31
14

30
12
1

11
11
3

17
15
6

21
19
1

2
1

5
4

1
1

“

“

“

-

1

-

11
1
10

5
2

6
3

3

8

23
3
20

43
21
22

41
18
23

18

16

-

-

18

16

7
3
4

7
3
4

2
1
1

1

1

17
15

10

24
20

17
16

1

10

_

_

8

7

9

-

1
1

-

1
1

47
29
7

-

-

8
5

59
53
1

16
11

_

*

-

36
35
6

4
2

1
1

-

29
28
10

11
10

1

-

-

28
27
6

12
8

2
-

_

3
3
1

10
8

5
1

_
-

-

-

10
7

-

3
2

-

-

27
27

2

-

3

-

-

-

”

5

4

1

8

“

~

-

-

-

12
12

-

_

_

_

-

“

-

"

-

_

~

“

_

_

-

-

“

*

1

2

-

3

1

2

1

1
1

1
1

_

_

9
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Ok la h o m a City, Okla. , July 1969)
Weekly e mings1
(st da d
an r )

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

*
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

$

*

s

s

55
and
under

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

i
130

60

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number Average
weekly
of
hours1
(standard)

$

$

$

s

$

*

*

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

130

140

2

43
1
42

52
24
28

42
12
30

29
26
3

6
6

2
2

188
41
147

80
14
66

51
6
45

10
9
i

1
1

l---

2
2

2

i

i
i

i

i

i

140

150

160

170

180

150

160

170

180 over

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------

178
73
105

40.0
40.0
39.5

84.00
88.50
81.00

$
84.50
90.00
81.50

$
80.0083.5078.00-

$
89.50
93.50
86.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------

502
94
408

39.5
40.0
39.5

72.00
72.50
72.00

72.00
73.00
72.00

68.00- 76.00
70.00- 78.00
68.00- 76.00

59

22

112
112

Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
The m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers.
Th e me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
Th e middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the
higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




10
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, O k l a h o m a City, Okla., July 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number Average
weekly
o
f
hours1
workers (standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

S

s

$

o c c u p a t io n ,

an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

I

80

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

80

Sex,

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

2
2

13
13

4
-

3
i

2
2

2
1

4
4

1
1

4
4

3
2

9
7

5
4

9
4

15
6

28
25

_

2
1

_

-

-

3
3

4
i
2

-

3

9

2

5
1

4
i

70

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

35
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0

fa ,.,a
1 2 8 .0 0

$
$
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 5 7 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------

78
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 1 4 .5 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

_

CO MPUTER OPERATURS, CLASS C
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------

38
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

-

8
8

4
3

12
10

6
2

4
2

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------

29

4 0 .0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

-

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------

55
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

1 5 6 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

2 1 3 .5 0

1 8 3 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

1 7 7 .5 0
1 9 5 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 6 4 .5 0 - 2 0 7 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0 -2 1 4 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

153
84
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 6 0 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0 - 1 5 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 6 9 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

110
70
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

”

“

”

“

5
5

6
6

4
4

11
5

6
5

6
3
1

1

9

_

-

-

-

“

“

6
3
3

2
2

3
3

15
4
11

9
4
5

9
5
4

-

-

12
12

ii
ii

25
15
10

25

20
11
9

21
14

14

15
2
13

10

18
12
6

26
17
9

17
14
3

14
8
6

ii

2

1 8 4 .5 0 - 2 3 2 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

th e s e

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h
w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2 , t a b le




o

2 1 2 .0 0

67
32
35

o

35

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------

>■
*

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ----------

-

_

p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
A - l.

t h e ir

i

_

-

_
~

-

i
i

7

5
2

r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e

14
6
8

s a la r ie s

17

8

7
7

7

7

3

7

4

2

( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r tim e

at

r e g u la r

a n d /o r

p r e m iu m

ra te s ),

a n d th e

e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d

to

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, O k la ho ma City, Okla. , July 1969)

MA CH INE

OFFICE
$
8 1 .0 0

(BOOKKEEPING

M A C H I N E ) ----------------------------------------------------NON MA NUF ACT URI NG -------------------------

41
32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0

OFFICE

OCCUPATION S

BO YS

29
385
AT
338

AO. 0
A O.O
AO . 0

U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------

125

A O.O

C L E R K S , A CCO UN TING, CLA SS B MA NU FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG ------------------------

618
111
507

A O.O
AO.O
4 0 .5
AO.O

CLERKS,

AC CO UN TING,

CLASS

A -

M AN UF ACT URI NG --------------------------------NON MA NUF ACT URI NG ------------------------PUBLIC

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2------------------

CL E R K S, F I L E , CLA SS
N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG
CLERKS,

FILE ,

CL ASS

A ----------------------------------------B ------------------

M AN UF ACT URI NG -------------------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG ------------------------

CLERKS,

ORDER

C -----------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

------------------------

OFFICE

C O N TI NU E D
139
28
111

U TIL IT IE S2

30

AO.O
AO.O
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
7 3 .0 0
7 A .0 0
7 2 .5 0

COMPTOMETER O PE RA TOR S -----------------M AN UF ACT URI NG -------------------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG -----------------------KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A M AN UF ACT URI NG -------------------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------KEYPUNCH U P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B M AN UF ACT URI NG -------------------------------NONMANUF ACT URI NG ------------------------

A1

3 9 .5

37

3 9 .0

1
1
1
1

2
1
2
3

7
8
8
8

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

8 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G -----------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG —
P UBLIC

U T IL IT IE S2

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS C
MA NU FA C TU R IN G -----------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG —
S E C R E T A R I E S , CLA SS B
MA NU FA C TU R IN G --------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ------PUBLIC

U TIL IT IE S2"

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS C
M AN UF ACT URI NG --------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ------

197
38
159

3 9 .5
AO.O
3 9 .5

7A .50

P UBLIC

218

3 9 .5

SECRETARIES,

213

3 9 .5

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

152
133

4 0 .0
AO.O
AO.O
A O.O
4 0 .0
AO.O
AO.O
AO.O
4 0 .0
AO.O

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

-----------------

502
94
408

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 2 7 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - CO N TI NU E D
CL ASS

35
28

4 0 .0

1 3 5 .0 0

-----------------

4 0 .0

1 3 3 .5 0

182
39

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S ,
N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

A O.O
A O.O

1 A 5 .5 0

COMPUTER O P E R A T O R S ,
N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

C L A S S B ------------------------

80
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0

384

AO.O

1 0 9 .5 0

109
275

COMPUTER

C L A S S C ------------------------

44

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

AA

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

1 2 7 .0 0

359

AO.O

9 5 .0 0

88

AO.O

9 7 .0 0

9 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

3A6
278
61

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

32

AO.O
AO.O

1 3 5 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0

1 11 .00

9 A .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0

AO.O

9
8
9
9

1 .0 0
9 .5 0
1 .5 0
6 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

OPE RA TOR S,

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

A ------------------

31

COMPUTER P RO GR A ME RS ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ------------------

31

COMPUTER P R OGRA MERS ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ------------------

58

4 0 .0

1 5 6 .5 0

25
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

1 7 4 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0

2 1 1 .0 0

M AN UF ACT URI NG --------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------COMPUTER S YS T E M S
B U S I N E S S , CL A SS

ANALYSTS,
A -------------------------------------------

38

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S
B U S I N E S S , CL A SS

ANALYSTS,
B -------------------------------------------

27

1 8 3 .5 0

1 9 0 .0 0

103
8A

4 2 .0

7 6 .0 0

A 2 .5

7 A .5 0

SWI TC HB O AR D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MA NU FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------

191
55
136

A O.O
AO.O
AO.O

8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

8A

3 9 .5

8 A .00

8 3 .5 0

OPERATOR S,
70

3 9 .5

8 A .00

76

4 0 .0

32
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 7 .5 0
1 9 6 .0 0
1 6 4 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ------------------------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

165
86

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 8 .5 0

D R A FT S M E N ,

SWI TC HB O AR D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------

G ENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------

178
73
105

AO.O
AO.O

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

M AN UF ACT URI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

250
68

1 0 A .5 0

8 2 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

C O N TI N U ED

A -------------------------------------------------

1 3 6 .5 0
1A O.O O

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

61

402
88
31A
97

1 0 1 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

-

Weekly
hours 1
[standard)

7 A .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0

A O.O
3 9 .5

266
67
199

D

OCCUPATION S
CLASS

of
wotkers

AO.O
A O.O
3 9 .5

86
25

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G ENERAL
MA NU FA C TU R IN G --------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 "

1 0 1 .5 0

4 0 .0

27

CL A SS

AO.O
AO.O

271

AO.O

56
68

218
68
150

U TILITIE S2-

290
789
119

AO.O
A O.O

MA NU FA C TU R IN G --------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG - - P UB LIC U T I L I T I E S -

AO.O

12A

190
60
130

8 3 .5 0

1 ,0 7 9

TYPISTS,

Number

o
o

C L E R K S , P AY R OL L ----------------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG -------------------------------NON MA NUF ACT URI NG ------------------------

11A

1 0 0 .5 0

Occupation and industry division

'i-

C L E RKS, F I L E , CL ASS
NON MA NUF ACT URI NG

Weekly
earnings 1
standard)
standard) (
Weekly

O PE RA TOR S

A -------------------------------------------------------

o
o

CL ASS

-

GIRLS-

MA NU FA C TU R IN G -----------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG - PUBLIC

BO OKKEEPI NG-MACHINE

AND

Number
o
f
workers

o
o

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS,

Occupation and industry division

o
o

Weekly
earnings 1
[ t da ) (
s an rd standard)
Weekly

o
f

Average

Average

Average
Occupation and industry divisi

143

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A ------------------------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG ------------------------------------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------

CLA SS

C

-------------------------------------------

M AN UF ACT URI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

79

70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

73

4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




12
Table A - 4 . Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for m e n in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, O k l a h o m a City, Okla., July 1969)
Hourly earnings 1
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

"
*

*

2 .1 0

Mean2 Median 2

Middle range 2

70
AA
26

MA IN TE NA N CE

M AN UF A CT U RI NG ---------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI NG -------------ENGINEERS,
MACHINISTS,

ST A T IO NA RY

---------

MA I NT E N A N C E

—

M E C H A N I C S , A UT O M O T I V E
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ---------------------------M A N UF A CT U RI N G ----------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI NG -------------P UB LIC
MECHANICS,

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------M AI N T E N A N C E

------

123
A1

A77
51
A26
392

$
3 .8 3
A . 51

$
3 .5 A 3 .5 9 -

*

2 ,4 0

2 .5 0

*

$

i

i

T

$

$

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 . A0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 ,9 0

3 .0 0

2

$

3 .0 5 -

A . 03

3 .9 1
3 .5 3

3 .1 3 2 .A 7 -

A . 21
3 .7 8

“

2 .5 8

2 .2 6 -

3 .3 6

A

3 .9 0

3 .9 9

3 .6 7 -

3 ,1 0

3 ,2 0

3.A 7
3 .1 8
3 .5 1

3.7A
3.2A

2 .6 8 -

A . 06

2 .6 9 2 .6 8 -

3 .A 8
A .07

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .6 7 -

A .08

“

“

-

2 .9 8 -

3 .9A

3
3

-

-

3 .5 1

3 .5 9

3.A A
3 .2 9

3 .3 6

2 .9 5 -

3 .6 6

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS --------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG -----------------------

11A
114

A . 12
A . 12

A . 30
4 .3 0

3 .9 6 3 .9 6 -

$

$

5
"

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3

3

3 ,3 0

3 ,4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

-

4
4

-

7
7

1

-

~

7
1

6

1
1

4
4

-

-

6
A
2

9
9

-

-

“

-

2

1

2

-

A . 07

A . 01
A . 02

$

3 .5 0

*

*

*

A . 20

A .A 0

A . 60

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

A . 00

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

over

20
20

1
1

10

-

47

-

“

-

■

“

1A

4 .3 7
4 .3 7

“

-

-

10

“

_

_
_

-

Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

-

8
8

7

3

156
1A
1A2
135

A
3
1
1

6
3
3
3

1
1

1
1

5
5

3

2
1

-

-

_

-

-

-

1
1
“

3
3

3

7
7
-

8

2
1

4

11
11
-

-

-

2

-

1

3

4

i

4

4

-

10

3

l

3

16

2

2

-

5
1
4
-

230
5
225
225

-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

4

5
5

8
5
3

-

8
7
1
1

28
3
25
18

12
2
10
1

5
5
1

_
-

3
3

5
5

5
5

7
7

10
10

2
2

2A
2A

3
"

5
-

ii
ii

28

3
3

_

2
2

“

“

10
10

1
1

5
5

1
1

11
u

7
-

21

6
6

4

3 .5 8

3 .1 9

1A5
115




$
2 .7 0

$
A . 55
A . 56

-----------------------

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

*
2 .6 0

and
2 .3 0

3 .A 8
3 .6 6

C>
X
*

ELECTRICIANS,

$
3 .9 6
A . 11

N)

A6
39

5

2 . AO 2 . 5 0

and
under
2 .2 0

C A R P E N T E R S , MA IN TE NA N CE N ON MA NU FA C TU RI NG --------------

«

2 .2 0 2 .3 0

-

-

7
7

23
23

3
3
-

-

-

6

1
1

-

-

14
1A

55
55

12
12

_
-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on
by industry division, Ok la h o m a City, Okla. , July 1969)

area basis

Hourly eamings2
Occupation1 and industry division

of
worker,

‘ u m b e r of workers receiving traight-time hourly earnings of—
N
$
$
*
*
%
%
S
$
*
%
$
*
$
$
$
t
$
$
i
1.60 1.70 1.80 1 .90 2.00 2 .10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30
Under
3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80
Middle range3 t
and
1.60 under
-

Mean3

Median3

262
80

$
1.93
2.31

$
1.70
2.05

1.65- 2.13
1.68- 3.10

42

1.80

1.69

1.64- 1.79

-

24

9

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

6

-

-

JANITORS, PURTERS, AND CLEANERS --MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

812
161
651
75

1.79
2.14
1.70
2.10

1.69
2.05
1.67
2.12

1.63- 1.88
1.80- 2.60
1.62- 1.75
1.99- 2.23

71

387
6
381
“

107
33
74
12

55
33
22
3

12
3
9
4

38
13
25
16

27
6
21
19

32
3
29
12

25
20
5
3

7
3
4
4

2
1
1
-

13
12
1

28
28

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

102
88

1.67
1.66

1.67
1.67

1.63- 1.72
1.63- 1.70

2
2

73
65

11
11

11
6

.

_
-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------

811
356
455

2.52
2.37
2.64

2.63
2.39
2.67

1.98- 2.80
1.86- 2.74
2.60- 2.91

~

47
35
12

31
14
17

100
70
30

33
19
14

8
8

2
2
*

12
11
1

37
21
16

22
21
1

51
31
20

200
23
177

65
32
33

33
14
19

26
6
20

39
17
22

12
6
6

2
2

17

48

-

ORDER
FILLERS ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G --NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

587
108
479

2.68
2.81
2.66

2.90
2.77
3.14

1.95- 3.34
2.49- 3.18
1.83- 3.35

-

90

24

8
6
2

7
7
-

15
13
2

3
3
-

3
1
2

55
1
54

1

-

40
19
21

33

4

13
13
-

156

32

12
12

15

24

6
3
3

4

90

20
9
ii

32

”

24
3
21

15

156

33

i

PACKERS, SHIPPING —
MA NUFACTURING --NONMANUF AC TU RI NG

170
106
64

2.55
2.47
2.67

2.60
2.52
2.84

2.31- 2.80
2.25- 2.68
2.49- 2.96

~

-

3
3

-

~

8
8

12
12
-

12
12
-

7
6
i

12
12
-

14
9
5

18
16
2

22
16
6

20
15
5

6

20

2
2

5
5

1
1

6

20

-

RECEIVING CLERKS --NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG

62
40

2.79
2.78

2.75
2.68

2.52- 3.40
2.09- 3.46

-

-

-

4
4

_

-

_

_

3
3

5
4

1

-

13
7

6

-

2
-

4

-

7
7

SHIPPING CLERKS

38

2.57

2.54

2.3 t
6- 2.94

-

-

-

7

-

1

-

-

3

6

7

i

2

1

3

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MA NUFACTURING ---------------

59
46

2.43
2.53

2.43
2.81

2.08- 2.86
2.00- 2.88

-

-

_

6
6

6
6

4
-

9
-

3
3

_

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

17
17

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,159
201
958
516

3.18
2.74
3.28
3.76

3.20
2.89
3.47
3.93

2.662.412.683.90-

~

64
9
55
~

14

6
6
”

4
3
l
”

16
8
8
i

19
19
-

153
3
150
2

35
7
28
“

18
10
8
7

13
6
7
7

16
2
14
14

146
78
68
68

17
7
10
10

81

61

2

12
12

81

61
i

2

~

28
14
14
1

12

14
“

34
16
18
“

400
7
393
393

TRUCKDRI V E R S , LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------MA NUFACTURING ------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------

109
28
81

2.20
2.04
2.26

2.08
2.04
2.13

1.93- 2.55
1.79- 2.33
1.99- 2.72

28
10
18

6
6

1
1

7
7

6
6
-

5
_
5

22
1
21

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------MA NU FACTURING -----------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------

728
62
666
434

3.22
2.40
3.30
3.74

3.18
2.44
3.47
3.93

2.652.102.673.90-

3
3
-

ii
ii
-

15
6
9
1

151
1
150
2

13
6
7
-

10
3
7
6

12
6
6
6

16
2
14
14

66

9

66
66

9
9

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

222
210

3.55
3.61

3.52
3.53

3.44- 3.91
3.45- 3.92

“

_

2
~

8
-

2
-

-

1
1

i
i

-

2
2

-

12
12

69
69

192
123
69

2.86
2.79
2.99

2.99
2.91
3.37

2.34- 3.43
2.34- 3.09
1.90- 3.44

-

5
5
~

5
5
-

3
3
-

4
4
-

7
7
-

1
1

20
20

12
12

22
1
21

GUARDS AND WA TCHMEN
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --WATCHMEN:
MA NU FACTURING

TR UC KD RI VE RS5 --------MA NUFACTURING -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 4-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING ----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------

3.93
3.15
3.94
3.97

3.94
2.74
3.95
3.97

_

~

71
-

1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2.10 2 .20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60
_
_
37
8
132
15
16
15
10
2
6
4
2
8
7
9
24
4
3
3
2
6
6
4
2
2
8
7
-

~

"

"

"
13
8
5

13
3
10

6

3
3
”

51
6
45
~

8
”

6
6
”

_
“

”

9
8
1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

*

“

9
9
-

8
8

_

”

_

4
4
-

*

'

~

“

-

18
18

Data limited to m e n workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




-

16
8
8

_

6

8

2
2
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

48

_

2

_
_

-

-

-

2

-

1

4
4
-

“

*

-

-

17
17
-

_

26

8

-

l

1
1

8
8

-

-

-

3
3

_

-

_
_

_
-

5

6

-

26
26

-

-

i

-

1

12

329

12
-

329

61
61

-

64

26

1

29

26

1

-

-

14
B.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P ra c tic e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P ro v is io n s

T able B-l.

M inimum Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W o rk ers

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by m i n i m u m entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced w o m e n office workers, O k l a h o m a City, Okla., July 1969)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
M i n i m u m weekly straight-time sa la ry1

Other inexperienced clerical w o rk er s 2
Nonmanufacturing

B a s e d on standard we ek ly hours 3 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

Manufacturing
All
industries

All
schedule s

All
schedules

133

38

XXX

95

XXX

133

38

39

Establishments studied____________ _______ ____________

40

12

12

27

24

63

1
10
3
5
2
2
3
1

40

2
2
17
10
6
8
4
5
2
3
1
3

Nonmanufacturing

Ba s e d on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
schedule s

40

XXX

95

XXX

20

20

43

39

4
3

4
3

3
2
3
1
3
1

3
2
3
1
3
1

1
13
4
5
2
3
4
2
3
1
1

3
1

3
1

1
1
1
3
1
1

1
1
1
3
1
1

8

2

6

25

6

86

24

62

45

12

40

10
3
4
2
2
2
1

2
13
7
6
5
2
2

13

3
19

Establishments which did not e m p l o y w o r k e r s

T h e s e salaries relate to formally established m i n i m u m starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard w o r k w e e k s .
Excl ud es w o r k e r s in subclerical jobs such as m e s s e n g e r or office girl.
Da ta are presented for all standard w o r k w e e k s combined, an d for the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o r k w e e k reported.




XXX

33

XXX




15
T able B-2.
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s

Shift D ifferen tia ls

fo r m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d if f e r e n t ia l,
O k la h o m a C i t y , O k la . , J u ly 1 9 6 9 )

( A ll p la n t w o r k e r s

in m a n u f a c t u r in g

= J J 3 0 jD e £ c e n t}_

P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v is io n s 1
f o r la t e s h ifts

L a t e - s h if t p a y p r o v is io n

A c t u a lly w o r k in g o n la te

s h ifts

S e c o n d s h ift

N o p a v d if f e r e n t ia l fo r w o r k on la t e
P a v d if f e r e n t ia l fo r w o r k on la t e

s h ift

S e c o n d s h ift

86. 1

T o t a l _________________________________

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

68. 1

20. 6

3. 0

0. 1

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

2. 8

1. 1

0 .9

83. 3

67. 0

1 9 .7

49. 0

s h ift

36. 6

8. 8

1. 1

10. 5
3. 1

3. 5

1. 2
. 2

. 1

. 5

2 .9

T y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d iff e r e n t ia l:
U n ifo r m

c e n ts f p e r h o u r)

5 c e n t s _________________________
6 c e n t s ___________________________
7 c e n t s ______________________________
9 c e n t s _______________________________
1 0 c e n t s ______________________________________
1 2 c e n t s __________________________________

p e rc e n ta g e

10 p e r c e n t
O th e r f o r m a l p a v d if f e r e n t ia l

even

1
th o u g h

.

In c lu d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s
th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e n o t

.

2 1 .3
3. 7
2. 1
5. 0
-

4. 8

3. 2

9 .4
3. 7
2. 1
5. 0
4. 1
3. 2

32. 0

1 8 3 4 c e n t s _____________________________
/

_

2. 5
3. 1

32. 0

1 2 V2 c e n t s ____________________________
14 c e n t s ________________________________
15 c e n t s ____________________________ _

U n ifo r m

-

. 4
. 6

. 1

1. 5

. 2
. 3

30. 3

10. 6

1. 7

30. 3

10. 6

1. 7

2. 3

in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g ,
c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la t e s h ifts .

. 3

or

h a v in g

fo rm a l

p r o v is io n s

c o v e r in g

la te

s h ifts ,

16

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eek ly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s j O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., J u ly 1 9 6 9 )

Office wo rk er s

P la n t w o r k e r s

Weekly h o u rs

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

All w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

-

1
5
1

-

-

-

-

83
3

97

91

100

98

-

-

2
5

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

( 5)
( 5)

-

2

2
2

100

5

100

-

-

_

74
2
5

7
2
6

_

(5)

2

—
1
2

S c h e d u l e d h o u r s a r e t h e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , s e r v ic e s , a n d c r u d e p e t r o le u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .

3

T ra n sp o rta tio n ,

4

In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ;

5

Less

th a n




0 .5

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
p e rc e n t.

a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ;

s e r v ic e s ;

a n d c ru d e p e tr o le u m

and n a tu r a l g a s , in

a d d itio n to

th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

show n

s e p a r a te ly .

17

Table B-4.

Paid H olidays

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., J u ly 1 9 6 9 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

10 0

100

100

100

100

84

96

94

99

100

100

16

4

6

1

-

-

2
3
-

1

4

(4 )
1

1
2
-

_
-

9
-

49
1

29
3

21
-

(4 )
10

-

(4 )
33
4
1

-

2
20
_

A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________

W o rk e rs
p a id h o
W o rk e rs
n o p a id

in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
l i d a y s _______________________ _____ _____
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
_
_ ______
h o l i d a y s ________________

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

N u m b e r of days

1 h o lid a y _
_ _
_
_
_ _
_ _ _
_ _
_
_
_
_ ________
_
_
3 h o l i d a y s _____ _______ _
_______ _ _
_
_ - _
4 h o lid a y s
5 h o lid a y s _
_ ________ ___ _
_ _____
_ _
_
6 h o l i d a y s _ ____ ___ _______ ____
_
_
_
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _ _ _
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _________________________
7 h o lid a y s
_____
—
_
_
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 4 h a l f d a y s _________________________
_________ ___
___ _
8 h o lid a y s
9 h o l i d a y s ___ _____ ____ — _
_
_
__
_
1 0 h o l i d a y s ___ _____ ___ ______
____
_
_

(4)
3
1
1
34
1

26
2
-

-

16

3
21

-

-

-

24
2
1
1

38
5
4
1

57
1

1
2
4
28

1
5
10
48

44
45

63
66

79
80
81

91
91
94
96
96

(4 )
15

9

1 2 h o l l d a y s ............................................................................

41
11
5

50
8

-

-

-

-

T o ta l h o lid a y t im e 5

1 2 d a y s _ ____
_____________ ____
_
— _
_
___ ___
1 0 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
8 days o r m o re
------ ------------- --------- — —
_
________ — -----_ _
7 days o r m o re
_
6 V 2 d a y s o r m o r e _____ _
_______ ___
_ _
_
6 d a y s o r m o r e _____ ___
_ _____ _ —
5 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e _________
____ _ _ ___ _
3 d a y s o r m o r e _ ______________
___
1 day o r m o re .
----------------- —
----------—

1
2
3
4
5
a n d no h

83
84

.
-

1

58
81
81
90
94
94
94
94

.
1
5
38
48
49
98
98
98

99
99

-

5
16

57
66
68
97
97

99
100
100

8
58

79
79
100
100
100
100
100

In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , s e r v ic e s , a n d c ru d e p e t r o le u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; s e r v i c e s ; a n d c r u d e p e t r o l e u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s , in a d d it io n t o th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s s h o w n
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s t h a t a d d t o t h e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c l u d e s t h o s e w i t h
a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d so o n . P r o p o r t io n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




s e p a r a te ly .
9 fu ll days

18

T able B-5.

Paid V acation s1

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , O k la h o m a C i t y , O k la . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 )

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o rk e rs —

-----------------------------

------

------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
98
1
-

100
97
3
_

100
100
_

99
99
_

100
100
_

100
100

1

-

-

(5)

-

-

12
8
2

30
2
4

41
6

(5)
22
14

24
5

8

74

85
-

27
_

21

19

11

12

62

( 5)
77

-

-

( 5)

79
-

82

-

34
3
62

30
3
67

71

-

'

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________ _
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t __________________________
__
O t h e r ___________________ ___________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _____________ _____________________ __ _
1 w e e k ______________ _________________ ________________
________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
A fte r

1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

1
O
2
O

w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
w e e k s --------------------- ------------------------------------------------- __ _
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________

1
O
2
O

w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w eeks
_________________________

A fte r 2 y e a rs

A fte r 3 y e a rs
1
O
2
O

_

( 5)
21

o f s e r v ic e

(5)

29
_

6
1
91
2

3
3
93

84

-

-

1
1
97
2

1
3
96

100

-

-

1
1
97
2

1
3
96

100

-

-

16

o f s e r v ic e

w e e k ______________ _________ _________ ____________
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
w e e k s ------------------ ----------------------------------------------------------- _
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s . _______________________

11
1
87

_

7
3
90

100

-

-

7
3
90

100

( 5)

-

-

9

5
1
87
-

92
-

6

8

9
45
( 5)

5
35
-

31
-

43
1

58
1

( 5)

-

A f t e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O

w e e k - ___________ _________________ ________________
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
w e e k s _ _____________________________________ _________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________ ________________
A fte r 5 y e a rs

1
O
2
O
3

1
2
O
3

4

10 y e a r s

-

1
84

( 5)
6

_
-

1

( 5)
83
2
15

(5)
1
81

93

18

7

_

o f s e r v ic e

w e e k _______________ _______________________ _____
w e e k s ________ _ _____________ ___ __________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________ _
__
w e e k s — ___ - _________________ ____ __________ _____ ___
w e e k s _________________________ - ________ _______ __
_

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




_

o f s e r v ic e

w e e k ___ ________ __— — — ——— _ - __— ____ —____
_
_
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________ _____ _
w e e k s _________________________________________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s - — ___________ _____ _
w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r

11
1
87

_
69

1
45

(5)
24

( 5)
43
11

67
8

26
74

19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , O k l a h o m a C i ty , O k l a ., J u l y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________
_________ __ ___ ________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________ —
4 w e e k s ................................................................................

9
40
(5)
48
1

5
29
64
1

.
14
86

1
36
2
50
11

(5)
21
70
8

_
4
_
96
-

9
32
( 5)
51
7

5
18
67
10

_
78
22

1
27
(5)
53
19

(5)
17
58
24

_
75
25

9
32
(5)
25
31
3

5
18
31
40
5

_
27
73
1

1
27
(5)
29
31
13

( 5)
17
26
43
14

_
29
64
8

9
32
(5)
24
18
16

5
18
28
17
31

27
43
31

1
27
(5)
23
27
22

( 5)
17
26
27
29

29
33
39

9
32
(5 )
22
20
16

5
18
28
17
31

14
55
31

1
27
(5)
20
30
22

(5)
17
26
27
29

10
52
39

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s - _______
____ — _
3 w e e k s ----------------- ------------------------------------- 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

A f t e r 20 v e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___
2 w p .e k s
_
_
_
_ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s _ _ ------------- ---------------------------------------4 w ppks.
_
____________ _____ _________ 5 w e e k s ............................................................................................
A f t e r 25 v e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k___
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s — —— — —— —— — ——— — — ——— — ——
4 w
e e k s - .......
... ...
——
5 w e e k s - — — ----------- — ------------------ -------- \

-

_
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e 7
1 w e e k ______________ ______________ ______ ______
2 w e e k s — --------------------------------- -------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s — ———— — —— ___ __ —— — — — —
4 w e e k s - _______________ _____ — -------- -----5 w eeks
..............................................................

_

_

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w i t h
q u a li f y in g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s i n t h e s t e e l , a lu m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
* I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , s e r v i c e s , a n d c r u d e p e t r o l e u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s , i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; s e r v i c e s ; a n d c r u d e p e t r o l e u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s , in a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r t h a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t t h e i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e i d e n t i c a l .




20

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , O k l a h o m a C i ty , O k l a ., J u l y 1969)
P la n t w o rk e rs
T y p e of b e n e fit an d
f in a n c in g 1

A ll w o r k e r s

________

_

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g a t
l e a s t 1 of t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e lo w
___

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

100

_ _

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

100

100

100

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

91

95

100

99

99

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e __________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
A c c id e n ta l d e a th a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u ra n c e
___
— — __ - — - —
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s
______ ___
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o th 5____ —
______

85
43

95
58

100
84

93
31

99
37

100
77

75
20

89
27

96
51

78
18

80
21

93
53

74

85

85

83

91

82

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __ _
S ic k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) .
. . .
..
. . . .

40
13

51
23

30
18

43
5

58
12

21
11

26

14

27

55

51

42

21

31

35

12

16

31

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ___ __ __ ____
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s
_
_ .
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
- _ __ __ _ _
N o n c o n trib u to ry p la n s
____ ___ __
__________ __ - ___
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
M a jo r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e
______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n __ ___ __________ __________ —
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________

83
28
82
28
67
23
67
33
56
39

94
30
94
30
79
25
83
51
71
59

97
53
100
53
98
51
95
73
85
58

95
17
95
17
84
16
80
25
85
52

99
30
99
30
89
28
92
45
84
55

100
45
100
45
99
44
99
74
95
58

—

1 E s t im a te s l is te d a f t e r ty p e of b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p la n s fo r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t of th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r.
" N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " in c l u d e o n ly t h o s e p l a n s f in a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , s e r y i c e s , a n d c r u d e p e t r o l e u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta t e ; s e r v i c e s ; a n d c ru d e p e tr o le u m a n d n a tu r a l g a s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s s h o w n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
t h e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y t h a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n i n d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




21

Table B-7,

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency o f Payment

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , O k l a h o m a C i ty , O k l a ., J u l y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s _______________

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

85
56
17
39

77
58
16
42

100
94
35
58

99
59
2
57

100
70
_
70

100
92
9
83

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a i d t i m e r a t e s __________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y __________________________
S in g le r a t e ________________________________
R a n g e of r a t e s ____________________________
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d o n a u to m a tic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
l e n g t h of s e r v i c e ____________________
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on m e r it
r e v i e w _________________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d o n a c o m b i n a ti o n
of le n g th of s e r v i c e an d m e r i t
r e v i e w _________________________________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y ________________________
P a i d b y i n c e n t i v e m e t h o d s ______________________

12

8

1

4

1

19

18

33

35

34

17
29
15
10
(5 )
9
(?)
(5 )

12
18
23
23
(5 )
23

32
6

23
41
(5 )

31
30

47
8

5

I n d iv i d u a l __________________________________
G r o u p _______________________________________
P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s _____________________________
I n d iv i d u a l __________________________________
G r o u p _______________________________________

6
16

-

-

87
6
7

36
35
28
-

-

_

_
-

:

M e th o d o f d e t e r m i n i n g i n c e n t iv e p a y of o f f ic e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n c y of w age p a ym e n t

W e e k l y _________________
B i w e e k l y ________________
S e m im o n th l y ___________
M o n th l y ________________
O t h e r f r e q u e n c y _______

1

58
22
20
(5 )

22
30
44
4

40
19
26
15

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e m e t h o d s of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n , s e e I n t r o d u c t i o n .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , s e r v i c e s , a n d c r u d e p e t r o l e u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s , i n a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; s e r v i c e s ; a n d c r u d e p e t r o l e u m a n d n a t u r a l g a s , in a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
'




20
52
28

sh o w n s e p a r a te ly

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h i s e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n te n t , t h e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f ie l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h i n e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h i n e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b i n a ti o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly in v o lv e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n th e b i ll in g m a c h i n e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o f te n d o n e on a f a n f o ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( S u n d s tr a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o lv e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y of f i g u r e s o n c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h i n e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n i f o r m
an d s ta n d a rd ty p e s of s a le s an d c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e of a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith t h e s t r u c t u r e of th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l i d a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o t h e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C l a s s B. K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s ( n o t i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
i n p r e p a r a t i o n of t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c ti o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g to o n e p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o lv e s p o s ti n g a n d b a la n c i n g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m i n in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s j u d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d j u s t i n g , a n d
c lo s in g jo u rn a l e n tr i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .
C la s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o re ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e ra tio n s su c h
a s p o s ti n g s im p le j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s ti n g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s ti n g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h i s j o b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s f o u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u ti n e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d iv i d e d o n a f u n c t i o n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




22

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f il e s , c la s s if i e s an d in d e x e s f ile
m e n ts , e tc . M ay a ls o f ile th is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M ay le a d a s m

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta i n in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te ria l such a s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a ll g ro u p of lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , an d f ile s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
i n g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te ria l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f il in g of m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g ., a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f ill o u t w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c le r ic a l an d m a n u a l ta s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e rs o n a lly .
D u t i e s in v o lv e a n y c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t i e s of i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g of c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e of o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PA Y RO LL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t i e s i n v o lv e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s ti n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c ti o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g u p an d d is tr ib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s .
M ay u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

CO M PTOM ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h i s
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y i n v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h i n e i s i n c i d e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u tie s .

KEYPU NCH O PER A TO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a ti o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u l a ti n g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d i t i o n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k i n g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s o n th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s i n f o r m a t i o n o n th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m i n e i n f o r m a t i o n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

23
K EY PU N CH

O P E R A T O R ---- C o n t i n u e d

S E C R E T A R Y ---- C o n t i n u e d

C la s s B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s tr u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e ric a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . M a y v e r if y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c if i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e l i tt l e o r n o s e l e c t in g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c to r y ,
o f o ff ic ia l) th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f te n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 00 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

O F F IC E

BOY

O R G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a le r s o r m a i l e r s ,

d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f ic e m a ­
o p e n in g a n d d i s tr i b u ti n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c lo s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e l a t io n s h i p to th e d a y - to - d a y w o r k a c t iv i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
t o t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; ( c ) m a i n t a i n s
t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e ) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s te n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .
M ay a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s ta n d i n g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v is o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s itio n s th a t a r e t i tl e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h i c h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h i c h d o n o t m e e t
t h e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d i n s e c r e t a r i a l
t y p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f i c e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s i n w h i c h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s ib l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t t y p e p o s i t i o n s w h i c h i n v o l v e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia l iz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n o t ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t i o n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f ic ia ls w h o h a v e a s ig n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t iv i t i e s . T h e title " v ic e p r e s i d e n t ," th o u g h n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e of th is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a ll c a s e s id e n tif y s u c h p o s itio n s . V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s ib i l i ty i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly o n in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e .g ., a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ;
a d m i n i s te r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s of a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t i o n s .

C la s s A

a l l,

a. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 but f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

e tc . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

C

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s ib i l i ty is n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c if ic le v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e f in itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a te s ta ff
n o r m a lly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s a n d i s u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n ts w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y ,
o f o ff ic ia l) th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

e tc . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

D

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
a b o u t 2 5 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; _or

of a s m a l l o r g a n iz a tio n a l u n it ( e .g ., f e w e r th a n

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta f f s p e c ia l is t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m i n i s tr a ­
tiv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r t h a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r.)

STEN O G RA PH ER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t iv e l y
ro u tin e c le r ic a l ta s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .)
—

STEN O G RA PH ER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty is to
s u c h a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m
copy.
M ay a ls o s e t up and

ta k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia l iz e d v o c a b u l a r y
o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n . M ay a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
m a in ta in f ile s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n if ic a n tly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b ility th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g ; W o rk r e q u ir e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s te n o g r a p h i c s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ff ic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d of th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e tc .
U s e s t h i s k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s a n d r e s p o n s ib l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e tc .; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s tr u c t i o n s ; re a d in g a n d ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; a n d
a n s w e rin g ro u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 but f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d ia r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a jo r
in a l l, o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

a l l,

a. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e it h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e f u n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t io n s , e t c .) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; or




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt i p le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d itio n to
d o in g r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s ig n m e n t . (" F u ll" te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d il y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r i n t e r r e la t e d f u n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te f o r c a l l s .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt i p le - p o s it io n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l im it e d te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e . (" L im ite d " t e le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d il y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e .g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h e n
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a to r .)

24
TABULATING-MACHINE

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to pe rf or mi ng duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m a y also type or p e r f o r m routine clerical w o r k as part of regular
duties.
This typing or clerical w o r k m a y take the m a j o r part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

O P E R A T O R -- Conti:

Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting ma ch i n e s such as the
sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. M a y include simple
wiring f r o m d i a g r a m s and s o m e filing work. The w o r k typically involves portions of a w o r k
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR,

TABULATING-MACHINE

OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical accounting machines, typically
including such m a c h i n e s as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, collator, arid others.
P e r f o r m s complete reporting assignments without close supervision, and p e r f o r m s difficult
wiring as required.
Th e complete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and c o m p l e x reports wh ic h often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring s o m e planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. A s a m o r e experienced operator,
is typically involved in training n e w operators in m a c h i n e operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring f r o m d i a g r a m s and operating sequences of long and c o m p l e x reports.
D o e s not include w o rk in g supervisors pe rforming tabu'lating-machine operations and day-today supervision of the w o r k and production of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B . Operates m o r e difficult tabulating or electrical accounting m a ch in es such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d under specific instructions and m a y include the pe r f o r m a n c e of s o m e wiring f r o m
diagrams. Th e w o r k typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting exercise, a complete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m o r e
c o m p l e x report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature w h e r e the p r o ­
cedures are well established. M a y also include the training of n e w e m pl oy ee s in the basic
operation of the machine.

PROFESSIONAL
CO M PU TER

F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

TYPIST
Us e s a typewriter to m a k e copies of various material or to m a k e out bills after calcula­
tions have been m a d e by another person. M a y include typing of stencils, mats, or similar m a t e ­
rials for use in duplicating processes. M a y do clerical w o r k involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A . P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following: Typing material in final f o r m w h e n it
involves combining material f r o m several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual w o r d s or foreign language material;
and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. M a y type routine f o r m letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. P e r f o r m s one or m o r e of the following; C o p y typing f r o m rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m o r e c o m p l e x tables already setup and spaced properly.

TECHNICAL
CO M PU TER

OPERATOR

M o n ito r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
S tu d ie s in s tr u c t i o n s to d e te r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e tu p a n d o p e r a tio n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e tc .) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t, a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a tin g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; re v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u rin g o p e r a tio n a n d d e te r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
to s u p e r v is o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in ta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t in g
p ro g ra m .
c o m p u te r

o p e ra to rs

are

c la ss ifie d

as

fo llo w s ;

C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u te r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th a t i d e n t i f i c a ti o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o r k in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e
d ir e c tio n a n d g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a to r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n , a c o m p u te r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t of th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d
p r o d u c tio n r u n s , ty p ic a lly ru n on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is little o r n o te s tin g
o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i tu a t io n s ,
d ia g n o s e s c a u s e a n d ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c tio n . T h is u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v io u s ly p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c tiv e s te p s , o r u s in g s ta n d a r d c o r r e c tio n te c h n iq u e s .

GENERAL

P r i m a r y duty is to transcribe dictation involving a n o r m a l routine vocabulary f r o m
transcribing-machine records. M a y also type f r o m written copy and do simple clerical work.
W o r k e r s transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A w o r k e r w h o takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or similar m a c h i n e is classified as a stenographer, general.

PRO G RA M ER,

B U S IN E S S

C o n v e r ts s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , ty p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a il e d i n s tr u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d to s o lv e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u to f n a tic d a ta
p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e
in s tr u c t i o n s w h ic h , w h e n e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u te r s y s te m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
l a tio n o f d a ta to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : A p p lie s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u te r c a p a b i l i ti e s , m a t h e m a ti c s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d b y c o m p u te r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s se q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a il e d flo w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a t a w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r ts th e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s tr u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l d u rin g p r o d u c tio n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , re v ie w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a tin g e f f ic ie n c y o r a d a p t to n e w r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v is i o n s . (N O T E ; W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b o th s y s t e m s a n a ly s is a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h i s i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r il y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n of
o th e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p lo y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r il y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n tific a n d /o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p ro g ra m e rs

are

c la ss ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e te n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h id e n tify th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to b e
a c c o m p lis h e d , a n d th e r e la t io n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u tin e ;
p la n s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m in g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f f ic ie n tly u tiliz e th e c o m p u te r s y s te m
in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c ts .

OR
O p e r a te s u n d e r d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u te r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n ts of p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . M ay a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a to r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u lt t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tr u c t i o n s a n d w ith f r e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s o n ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is e x p e c te d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
ru n n in g ro u tin e p r o g r a m s . U s u a lly h a s r e c e iv e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a i n i n g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h i s l e v e l, p r o g r a m i n g i s d if f ic u lt b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to
p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d b u t d iv e r s e p ro d u c ts f r o m n u m e ro u s a n d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r ie t y a n d e x te n s iv e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u ir e s
s u c h a c tio n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ic h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t of
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a tio n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to d a ta w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u ir e m e n ts e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , a n d s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n a n d re s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n ts
to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a te d p r o g r a m .
M ay p ro v id e

f u n c tio n a l d ir e c t io n

to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d

to

a s s is t.

25
CO M PU TER

PROGRAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

CO M PU TER

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o n r e l a t iv e l y s im p le
p r o g r a m s , o r o n s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a ti o n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o f t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y re f in in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r
d e le tio n s f r o m in p u t d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c tio n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a lly , th e p r o g r a m
d e a ls w ith
ro u tin e re c o rd - k e e p in g ty p e o p e ra tio n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t io n o f a h ig h e r
le v e l p ro g r a m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
fo r m in g l e s s d if f ic u lt t a s k s a s s ig n e d , a n d p e r f o r m in g m o r e d if f ic u lt t a s k s u n d e r f a ir l y c lo s e
d ire c tio n .
M a y g u id e
C la s s
l e a r n e d in
a p p lic a tio n
a s p e c ts of
re q u ir e d p

CO M PU TER

or

i n s tr u c t lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

B U S IN E S S

A n a ly z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a te p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le te d e s c r i p t io n o f a l l s p e c if ic a tio n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u ir e d d ig ita l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to b e a u to m a te d a n d id e n tif ie s c o n d itio n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c if i e s n u m b e r a n d ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n ts to
b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c tio n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u te r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e ta il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m in g ( ty p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f w o r k a n d
d a ta flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v is e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f fe c tiv e o v e r a l l
o p e r a tio n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b o th s y s te m s a n a ly s is a n d p r o g r a m in g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if th i s is th e s k i ll u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r il y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n of
o th e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g (E D P ) e m p lo y e e s , o r s y s te m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n tific o r e n g in e e rin g p ro b le m s .
F o r w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s

a n a ly s ts

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

fu n c tio n a l

d ire c tio n

to

lo w e r

le v e l

OR
W o rk s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a ta p r o c e s s in g s c h e m e o r s y s te m , a s d e s c r ib e d fo r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts a n d r e c e i v e s i n s tr u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts . W o rk is re v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a lin e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s te m .
C la s s C . W o rk s u n d e r im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g o u t a n a ly s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g le a c tiv ity .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c tic a l e x p e rie n c e
in th e a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i ll s r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e ta ile d s p e c if ic a tio n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a tio n d e v e lo p e d b y th q h ig h e r le v e l a n a ly s t.

s y s te m s

a n a ly sts

w ho a re

C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i te m s h a v in g d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s ig n if ic a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a f tin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s itio n a l r e la t io n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r ts .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
re v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e rin g d e t e r m in a tio n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f ts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f tin g a s s ig n m e n ts th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p li­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r l y u s e d .
D u tie s ty p ic a lly i n ­
v o lv e s u c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la t io n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a tio n s , w a ll
s e c tio n s , f lo o r p la n s , a n d ro o f. U s e s a c c e p te d f o r m u la s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it i e s , s tr e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , a n d a d v ic e f r o m
s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d ra w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u f a c tu r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d i m in s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) a n d s e c ti o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f
c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e t a il s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le a s re q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in i ti a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s tr u c tio n s
a r e le s s c o m p le te w h e n a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t-c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p le x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f in p u t d a ta a n d m u l ti p l e - u s e r e q u ir e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s a n i n t e ­
g r a te d p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u lin g , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i te m o f e a c h ty p e is a u to m a tic a lly p r o c e s s e d th ro u g h th e fu ll s y s te m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c tio n s a r e i n i ti a te d b y th e c o m p u te r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s a n d a d v is e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e i m p lic a tio n s of n ew o r r e v is e d s y s t e m s o f d a ta p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a tio n s .
M akes re c o m ­
m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r c h a n g e s a n d fo r
o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M ay p ro v id e
a s s is t.

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

D RA FTSM A N

C.
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a tio n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c tic e s a n d c o n c e p ts u s u a lly
f o r m a l tr a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e te n c e in th e
o f s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to ro u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is i o n o n n ew
a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r if y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
ro c e d u re s.

SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

m a in ta in in g a c c o u n ts re c e iv a b le in a r e ta i l e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r m a in ta in in g in v e n to ry a c c o u n ts
in a m a n u f a c tu r in g o r w h o le s a le e s t a b l i s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s a n d a d v is e s s u b j e c t - m a t te r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p lic a tio n s of th e
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .

a s s ig n e d

to

C la s s B .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e la t iv e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a te . P r o b l e m s a r e of l im ite d
c o m p le x ity b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a ta a r e c lo s e ly
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s ito r a c c o u n ts in a b a n k ,

C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r i m a r il y
c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s a n d a la r g e s c a le n o t r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
NURSE,

or

re p e titiv e

IN D U S T R IA L

d ra w in g s

o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W o rk is

c lo s e ly

s u p e r v is e d

(R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t io n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s a n d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts a n d e m p lo y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p l a n t e n v i r o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t iv i t i e s a f fe c tin g th e h e a lth , w e lf a r e , a n d s a f e ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CA RPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r ib s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s in g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e T b a l in s tr u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r ie t y




CA RPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; a n d s e le c tin g m a t e r ia l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

26
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr i b u ti o n , o r u tili z a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g o r re p a irin g an y of a v a r ie ty of
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a to r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n tr o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g fr o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c if i c a t i o n s ; lo c a tin g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b l e in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s te m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s of
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a te s a n d m a in ta in s a n d m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n of s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l) to su p p ly th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a tio n , o r a ir- c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk in v o lv e s :
O p e ra tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s , m o to rs , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g an d r e f r i g ­
e r a tin g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o ile r s a n d b o ile r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d of o p e r a tio n of m a c h in e r y , te m p e r a tu r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e s e o p e ra tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s te a m .
F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a te r a n d s a f e ty v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m in g s p e c if ic
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s of l e s s e r s k i ll , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d to o ls ;
c le a n in g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
to o ls ; a n d p e r f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e k in d of w o r k th e
h e lp e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r ie s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e tr a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n ­
f in e d t o s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d to o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e rfo rm e d by w o rk e rs on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e r a tio n o f o n e o r m o r e ty p e s of m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e
la th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s tr u c tio n of
m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x tu r e s , o r d ie s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a te d s e tu p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e of a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c tin g fe e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o l in g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t i o n to
a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to re c o g n iz e w h e n to o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r i c a ti n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s tr y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , to o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if ic a tio n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r ts a n d n ew p a r ts in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e ta l p a r t s of m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r itte n in s tr u c tio n s a n d s p e c if ic a tio n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g ou t o f w o rk ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
to o ls ; s h a p in g of m e ta l p a r ts to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e ta ls ; s e le c tin g s ta n d a r d m a t e r ia l s , p a r ts , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ;
a n d f i ttin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c tic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , an d tr a c t o r s of an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s
t h a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h
h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia l iz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r f ittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c tiv e p a r ts f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g a n d a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g a n d in s ta llin g




M E C H A N IC ,

( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ---- C o n t i n u e d

A U T O M O T IV E

th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s tin g b r a k e s a n d l i g h ts , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
of th e fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e of tr o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
of h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g an d fittin g p a r ts ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c tiv e p a r t s w ith ite m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r se n d in g of th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e s h o p fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c if ic a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts fo r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e ttin g u p o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d is m a n tle s a n d in s ta l ls m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o l ­
lo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t of th e w o rk ; in t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d rig g in g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h of m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g ra v ity ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c tin g s ta n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s ta l li n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
tr a n s m is s io n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r iv e s an d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r
e q u ip m e n t of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P A IN T E R ,

g re a se ,

th e

m o v in g

p a r ts

o r w e a rin g

su rface s

of m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts a n d r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , a n d f ix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l ic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y re m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h .
M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e f ittin g s in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r in g to lo ­
c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r i t t e n s p e c if i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t ti n g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s to c k s a n d d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f i t t e r r e q u ir e s
ro u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g an d e x p e rie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s ta l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s te m ; i n s ta l li n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n i n g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w i t h a p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r ' s s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u te s , d u c ts ,
m e t a l ro o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P l a n n i n g a.n d l a y i n g
o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o .r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e ttin g u p a n d o p e r a tin g a l l a v a i la b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t- m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

27
S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E ---- C o n t i n u e d

TO O L AND

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g , f ittin g , a n d a s s e m b lin g ; a n d i n s ta llin g s h e e tm e ta l a r tic le s a s re q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g an d e x p e rie n c e .
TO O L AND
( D ie

D IE

m a k e r;

M AKER
jig

m a k e r;

to o l m a k e r ;

fix tu re

m a k e r;

gage

m ak e r)

C o n s tr u c ts a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a g e s , jig s , f ix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m in g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t of w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c if ic a tio n s ;

D IE

M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o k s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a llo y s ; s e ttin g u p a n d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e to o ls a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e ta l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a ti o n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d to o ls a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c lo s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fittin g a n d a s s e m b lin g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a llo w a n c e s ; a n d s e le c tin g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a te r ia ls , to o ls , an d p ro c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d to o lr o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
*

sh o p s

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if ic a tio n .

to o l a n d

d ie

m a k e rs

in

to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND

W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G

G u a rd .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t o r
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w h o
an d c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tc h m a n .
M ak e s ro u n d s
th e ft, a n d ille g a l e n try .
JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r;

OR

of p re m is e s

p e r io d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g

on to u r , m a in ta in in g
a r e s ta tio n e d a t g a te

p ro p e rty

a g a in st f ire ,

CLEANER

A N D R E C E IV IN G

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e iv e s a n d is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts of m e rc h a n d is e o r o th e r m a te r ia ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r ta t io n , a n d r a te ; a n d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l ls o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f ile o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y in g o r d i r e c t in g o t h e r s in v e r if y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills of la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s a n d r e je c tin g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y re c o rd s and file s .

c h a rw o m a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w age

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r im m in g s ; p ro v id in g s u p p lie s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v ic e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a to r ie s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c ia l iz e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R IA L

H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r ti n g d e v ic e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e rc h a n d is e b y h a n d tru c k , c a r, o r w h e e lb a rro w .
L o n g s h o re m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

p u rp o se s,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w o rk e rs

are

c la ss ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

c le rk

D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c ity o r i n d u s tr i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s of e s ta b lis h m e n ts s u c h a s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le a n d r e ta i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e ta i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a n d
c u s to m e r s ' h o u se s o r p la c e s of b u s in e s s .
M ay a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r-s a le s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

as

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e a n d ty p e
fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a te d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

of e q u ip m e n t,

F IL L E R

(O rd e r

p ic k e r;

s to c k

se le c to r;

w a re h o u se

s to c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c if ic a tio n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s tr u c t i o n s .
M ay , in a d d itio n
to f illin g o r d e r s a n d i n d ic a tin g i t e m s f ille d o r o m i tt e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s itio n a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u tie s .
PACKER,

s tu d y

T R U C K D R IV E R

(L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a re h o u s e h e lp e r)

ORDER

CLERK

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c ts f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c if ic o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t.. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f ite m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r io u s i t e m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r if y c o n te n t; s e l e c t io n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s iz e
o f c o n ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g a n d s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta o n c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




T
T
T
T
T

r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t ( u n d e r IV 2 t o n s )
r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( 1 V2 t o a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,

POW ER

O p e ra te s a
tra n s p o rt goods and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d
g a s o lin e - o r e le c tric -p o w e re d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r ia l s o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a j- e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k ,
T ru c k er,
T ru c k er,

pow er
pow er

(fo rk lif t)
(o th e r th a n fo r k lift)

a s fo llo w s:




A v a il a b le On R e q u e s t ---T h e n in th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys,
c h e m is t s , e n g in e e rs , en gin eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s o f o ffic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1617, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 19 68.
S e v e n ty -fiv e
cen ts a copy.

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t

W ashin g to n , D .C ., 20402, o r fro m an y o f V /
B u lletin n u m b er
and p ric e

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*

D a t a o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s a r e a l s o p r e s e n t e d .

c o n d u c te d a , the

b

B ulletin n u m b er
and price

A rea

A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ^ ----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 8 9 ,
35 c e n t s
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 19 6 9
M
A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1___________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 6 ,
35 c e n t s
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _______
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 7 , 30 c e n t s
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _____________________
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____ 1 6 2 5 - 8 6 ,
B
E
30 c e n t s N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 19 6 9 * ___________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 -------- ----------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 7 7 ,
35 c e n t s N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _____________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 - — .------------------------------------------ 1 6 6 0 - 1 1 ,
35 c e n t s
N o rfo lk — o r ts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
35 c e n t s
B e a u m o n t - P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1_______ 1 6 2 5 ^ 7 5
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ________________________
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 - ™ -------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 5 ,
30 c e n t s
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 *_______________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 T ------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 6 5 ,
35 c e n t s
O m a h a , N e b r —I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 —______________1.
35 c e n t s
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 ,
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J M a y 1 9 6 9 _____
C
P
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 - — . ------------------------------------------ 1 6 6 0 - 1 6 ,
45 c e n t s P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ____________ ___
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., N ov. 1968
----------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 3 5 ,
50 c e n t s P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 5 4 ,
35 c e n t s P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 7 3 , 30 c e n t s
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _______________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 7 1 ,
30 c e n t s P o r t l a n d , O r e g —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 1 ,
30 c e n t s
P ro v id e n c e -P a w tu c k e t-W a rw ic k , R .I.-M a ss.,
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 _____________________ 1 6 6 0 - 9 ,
30 c e n t s
M a y 19 6 9 1 __________________________________________
65 c e n t s
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 --------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 8 2 ,
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o - K y . - I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 _________________
1625-63,
4 5 c e n t s R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
1 6 2 5 - 19 ’
50 r e n t s
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffice o c c u p a tio n s only),
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 2 4 ,
35 c e n t s
J u l y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 --------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 2 8 ,
50 c e n t s R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
D a v e n p o r t - R o c k I s l a n d - M o l i n e , Io w ar-Ill.,
S t. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 19 6 9 *___________________
O c t . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------ ------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 1 6 ,
3 0 c e n t s S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ___________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 --------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 2 ,
35 c e n t s S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 196 9 * ____________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 3 9 ,
30 c e n t s
S an B e r n a r d i n o - R i v e r s i d e — n ta r io , C a lif.,
O
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a r . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 2 ,
30c e n t s
O c t . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ------------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 5 8 ,
50 c e n t s S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ______________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 6 9 — ---------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 1 8 ,
30 c e n t s
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 _______
O
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 8 ,
3 0 c e n t s S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _______________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 7 0 ,
35 c e n t s S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 8 3 ,
4 5 c e n t s S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 0 ,
35 c e n t s S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 * _____________
E
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 *_______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 5 ,
35 c e n t s S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 I _________________
35 c e n t s S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 * ___________________________ 1 6 2 5 -3 7 ,"
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 1 0 , 3 5 c e n t s
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 ________________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 __________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 9 ,
H
30 c e n t s S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ______________________
30 c e n t s T a m p a ^ S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 *
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 —______ 1 6 6 0 - 2 ,
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a T o l e d o , O h i o - M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 *__ _________
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 * _____________________ 1 6 2 5 - 7 8 ,
50 c e n t s T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 3 3 ,
30 c e n t s U t i c a — o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ______________________
R
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 — --------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 5 3 ,
3 0 c e n t s W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 __________ _
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------- 1 6 6 0 - 3 ,
30 c e n t s W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ______________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n —A r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 0 ,
30 c e n t s W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 8 * ________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 2 9 ,
35 c e n t s W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ___________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 9 ,
25 c e n t s W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____—_____
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 6 6 !
35 c e n t s Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 ________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 7 ,
35 c e n t s Y o u n g s t o w n - W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ____________




"

..

1625-80,

..
..

1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88.

30
40
30
35
60

cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cents

..
..
..
..
-

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20;
1625-76,

30
35
30
35
50
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts

.
-

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

-

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30
30
50
30
35

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
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.
.
.
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.
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1 6 2 5 -2 5 , 40 c e n ts
1 6 2 5 - 3 2 , 30 c e n t s
1625-44, 3 5 cen ts
1 6 2 5 - 2 1 , 30 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 6 8 , 30 c e n t s
1 6 6 0 - 1 5 , 30 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 4 3 , 35 c e n t s
1660-14,
25 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 5 5 , 30 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 8 1 , .30 c e n t s
1 6 6 0 - 1 3 , 30 c e n t s
1660-7,
35 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 5 7 , 35 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 1 8 , 35 c e n t s
i 660-1,
30 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 2 2 , 35 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 5 0 , 30 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 3 1 , 35 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 4 1 , 30 c e n t s
16 25-84",, 30 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 -5 2 , 30 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 3 4 , 30 c e n t s

cen ts
c e nt s
cen ts
cen ts
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUR EA U OF LAB O R S T A T IS T IC S
W AS HING TO N, D .C .

20212

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
F IR S T C LA SS M A IL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102