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4

D a y tO fi & M O n T g o m ery u o .

The Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Metropolitan Area
September 1 9 69

F o ils

B u lle t in

1 6 6 0 -1 4




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
337 Mayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481(Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

* Regions VII and VIII will be serviced by Kansas City,
** Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.



Area Wage Survey

The Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Metropolitan Area




S ep tem b er

1969

B u lletin

1660-14

D e c e m b e r 1969

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G eoffrey H . Moore. Com m issioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice. W ashington,

D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cent*

.




C onten ts

P reface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p ro v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s . I t
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta b y s e le c te d in d u s tr y d iv is io n f o r e a c h
of th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g ra p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r th e
U n ite d S ta te s .
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k i l l le v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d iv is io n s .

T a b le s :
1.

A.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in scope of s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s tu d ie d ____________________________________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n ________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and
w o m e n _______________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d _________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s __________________
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ___________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ____________________________________

N in e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . I n e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
is c o lle c te d a n n u a lly and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and
s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v is io n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle t in p re s e n ts r e s u lts of th e s u r v e y in
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., in S e p te m b e r 1 9 6 9 .
T h e S ta n d a rd
M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u of
th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s is ts o f M in n e h a h a
C o u n ty . T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o ffic e in K a n s a s C it y , M o . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n
o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r
O p e r a tio n s .




1

a re a s .

NOTE:
S i m i l a r ta b u la tio n s
(See in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

a re

a v a ila b le

f o r o th e r

U n io n s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y le v e ls in
th e S io u x F a l l s a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r s e v e n s e le c te d
b u ild in g t r a d e s .

2

3
4
■P in in
s

A t th e end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
l e t in p re s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p le tio n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a ro u n d
of s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to
one b u lle tin .
T h e sec o n d p re s e n ts in f o r m a t io n w h ic h has
b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d a ta to
r e la t e to g e o g ra p h ic re g io n s and th e U n ite d S ta te s .

In tr o d u c tio n __________________________________________________________

7

f




Area Wage Survey---The Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u rv e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .1

to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2)
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

In e ach a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and th e c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
h a v in g fe w e r th a n a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d f o r e a c h of
th e b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s




p o s s ib ility

of

d is c lo s u r e of

T h e a v e ra g e s p re s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r in p a y le v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g an d , th u s , c o n trib u te d if f e r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s f o r e ach jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e ra g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p re a d o r d if f e r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d a m o ng jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S i m i l a r l y , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e ra g e p a y le v e ls
f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s sho uld n ot be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p ay t r e a tm e n t o f the se x es w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . O th e r p o s s ib le f a c to r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib ­
u te to d iffe r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e :
D if fe r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a t e ra n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c tu a l ra te s
p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific d u tie s p e r ­
fo r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d a p p r o p r ia te ly w ith in the
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m ­
p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th a n th o s e used
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe re n c e s a m o ng
e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e s p e c ific d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a ry cost in v o lv e d in s u rv e y in g a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n of
la r g e th a n of s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t.
Es­
t im a te s b as e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p re s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e la t in g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

1
I n c lu d e d in th e 9 0 a re a s a re fo u r s tu d ie s c o n d u c te d u n d e r c o n tr a c t w ith t h e N e w Y o rk
D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r. T h e s e a re a s a re B in g h a m to n (N e w Y o rk p o r tio n o n ly ); R o c h e s te r ( o f f ic e o c c u ­
p a tio n s o n ly ); S y ra c u s e ; a n d U t i c a —R o m e . I n a d d it i o n , th e B u re a u c o n d u c ts m o re l i m i t e d a r e a s tu d ie s
in 78 a re a s a t th e r e q u e s t o f th e W ag e a n d H o u r a n d P u b lic C o n tr a c ts D iv isio n s o f th e U .S . D e ­
p a r t m e n t o f L abor.

is

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s d a ta a r e show n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a t io n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te
s h ifts . N o n p ro d u c tio n bonuses a r e e x c lu d e d , b ut c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w ­
ances and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs a r e
r e p o r te d , as f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s ta n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of p ay fo r
o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s
f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h av e b e e n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle tin p re s e n ts c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in f o r m a t io n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
v is ite d b y B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts in th e la s t p re v io u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a tio n s r e p o r te d in th a t e a r l i e r s tu d y. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a d e
to n o n re s p o n d e n ts and to th o s e re s p o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g u n u s u a l changes
s in c e th e p re v io u s s u r v e y .

T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3)
m a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s et o f jo b d e s c r ip ­
tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s
w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r stu d y a r e lis te d
and d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a rn in g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l in d u s trie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s om e of th e
o cc u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r so m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in
o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p re s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r
(1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data

th e r e

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e scope o f the s tu d y and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a l l y s u rv e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e am o ng
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e rv e o n ly to in d ic a te the r e la t iv e
im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s tr u c t u r e do n o t a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a rn in g s d a ta .
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W ag e P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) a r e n ot p re s e n te d in th is
b u lle tin .
In f o r m a t io n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c te d b ie n n ia lly .
S ta te T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on m in im u m
e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e rie n c e d
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs ; p aid
h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a re
p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) in p re v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .
1




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W it h i n S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in S io u x F a l l s , S . D a k .,
b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1969

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
_ _
- - — _N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .
. . . . . . __
. .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 .
.. —
. . . .
__ ___
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 - ------------- ---------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ______
. ___ . . .
S e r v i c e s 6 7 ________ ___

_

N u m b e r of es ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
of s tu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P e rce n t

67

66

1 1 ,2 4 0

100

1 1 ,1 8 8

50
-

18
49

18
48

5 ,5 6 5
5 ,6 7 5

50
50

5 , 565
5 , 623

50
50
50
50
50

11
11
17
6
4

11
10
17
6
4

1 ,9 6 4
753
2 , 219
456
283

17
7
19
4
3

1 ,9 6 4
701
2 , 219
456
283

1 T h e S io u x F a l l s S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n S t a ti s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s is t s of M in n e h a h a
C o u n ty . T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n
of th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u rv e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s of c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t
i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n of th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f ic a ti o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s if y i n g e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s ti m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g " in th e S e r ie s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o te ls a n d m o te ls ; l a u n d r ie s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A lm o s t o n e - h a lf of th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of th e s u r v e y in th e S io u x F a l l s a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g f ir m s .
T h e f o ll o w i n g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u f a c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if ic i n d u s t r ie s

F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ______ 73
R u b b e r a n d p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s __ 10
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ________ 7

M e a t p r o d u c t s ____________________ 62
M is c e lla n e o u s p l a s t ic s
p r o d u c t s _________________________ 10
F a b r ic a te d s tr u c tu r a l m e ta l
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 7

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s ti m a t e s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u rv e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d iff e r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

3
A.
Table A-l.

O ccu p ation al E arnings

Office Occupations—Men and W omen

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p te m b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—

1

I

l

i

i

$

f

i

5

5

i

t

i

i

$

$

*

i

$

*

t

60

weekly
hours1
(standard)

Median 2

$
1 3 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

under
65

S ex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

160

150

160

170

180

190

Middle range 2

1 1 4 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

WOMEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0

9 4 .0 0 -

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

7 8 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 8 1 .5 0 -

8 6 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------

4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0

7 2 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 -

7 4 .5 0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

7 3 . 0 0 - 8 5 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 8 2 .5 0

SE CRETARIES --------------------------

4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

SW ITCHBOARO OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS

9 3 .0 0 -

1 1 4 .0 0
20
11

1 3 4 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 - 8 9 .5 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 0 . 0 0 - 8 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 9 5 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 -

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L --------------- --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 7 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

6 2 . 5 0 - 8 2 .0 0
6 2 .0 0 - 7 7 .5 0

19
19

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
t h a n th e r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m id d le r a n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r th e a r n m o r e th a n th e
h ig h e r r a te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




4
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W omen
S a l a r i e s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d
f r o m t h is r e p o r t .
D a ta do n o t m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations1—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p te m b e r 1969)
Average
Weekly Weekly
hours 2 earnings2
(standard) (standard)

T
39
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ------

19

4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0

Average

Weekly
Weekly
hours 2 earnings 2
(standard) (standard)

CLERKS, ORDER -----

15

4 0 .0

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

27
20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SE CR ET AR IE S ------------------

24

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GE NE RA L --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5-----------

90
34
56
19

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 2 earnings2
(standard! (standard)

ST EN OGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

35
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

SW ITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

17

8 0 .0 0

T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------

17
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

TYPISTS, CL AS S B ----------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------

38
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

1 S a l a r i e s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d f r o m t h is r e p o r t .
2 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




Number
of
woikers

O
o
4
-

102
36
66
17

Number
of

O
o

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5------

rage
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

+

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS A --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Number
of
woikers

o
o

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

ra te s ),

a n d th e e a r n i n g s

5
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., S e p te m b e r 1969)
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of —
$

$

t

%

t

t

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

t
3 .7 0

$

3 .2 0

I
3 .6 0

$

3 . 10

t
3 .5 0

%

2 .9 0

t
3 .0 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

*
4 .2 0

i
4 .3 0

*
4 .4 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 . 20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

-

-

1
1
1

7
7
7

1
-

-

1
1
12

-

-

-

-

13

-

3
-

-

-

2 .8 0

ME CHANICS, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S3 --------------------------------

2
-

2 .7 0

of
workers

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

*
2 .8 0

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
42
23
21

$

$

3 .5 6
3 .5 3
3 .5 3

3 .2 7 3 .2 7 3 .2 6 -

and
under

$

3 .7 1
3 .4 6
3 .4 4

$

4 .4 3
3 .5 8
3 .5 7

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, t a b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

2
2

-

2
2

1
1
1

-

a n d l a te s h if ts .

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , S io u x F a l l s , S, D a k ., S e p te m b e r 1969)
Hourly earnings2
Number
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Mean3

Median3

t
$
1 .6 0 1 . 7 0
Middle range3 *
an d
1 .6 0 u n d e r

70
32
38

$
2 .3 7
2 .6 7
2 .1 1

$
2 .2 9
2 .6 5
2 .1 5

$
1 .8 4 1 .9 6 1 .6 8 -

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANO LI NG -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

158
127
31

3 .0 8
3 .1 9
2 .6 2

3 .4 3
3 .4 7
2 .9 3

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

38
17
21

2 .7 3
3 .1 1
2 .4 3

TR U C K O R I V E R S 4 ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S5 ---------------

124
24
100
25
35

12
1
11

3
2
1

5
4
1

4
2
2

4
2
2

3
3

4
2
2

3
3

3
1
2

-

14
5
9

2 .6 6 - 3 .5 2
2 .8 3 - 3 .5 4
2 . 1 3 - 3 .0 9

_
-

1
1

_
-

2
2

4
i
3

6
5
1

4
i
3

4
i
3

1
1

9
9
-

3
2
1

10
9
1

1
1

2 .7 5
3 .0 9
2 .2 5

2 .2 3 - 3 .0 9
2 .4 8 - 3 .5 6
2 .1 5 - 3 .0 4

-

-

1

-

1

1

5

6

1

5

6

“

-

1

“

-

_

2
2
“

-

1

3
3
“

3 .2 9
3 .2 4
3 .3 0
3 .5 0

3 .6 1
3 .2 5
3 .6 1
3 .4 6

3 .0 4 - 3 .6 7
2 .6 8 - 3 .8 7
3 .1 1 - 3 .6 6

_

_

-

1

7

_

_

1

-

-

-

7

-

-

2
2
-

3
2
1

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

11
11

3 .5 0

3 .4 7

3 .4 1 - 3 .8 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .7 5 - 3 .8 6
2 .7 5 - 3 .8 6

-

_

_

_

_

_

3 .3 0
3 .3 0

3 .8 1
3 .8 1

1

D a ta l im it e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , an d la t e s h if t s .
F o r d e f in itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, t a b le A - l .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s iz e a n d ty p e of t r u c k o p e r a te d .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




> .30 3 . 4 0

1

-1

-

1
“
1

-

“

4
4

6
6

4
1
3

7

1

7

l

1
1

-

11
4
7

-

-

9
5
4
4

4

-

-

o

1
2
3
4
5

19
19

.2*_L5L- 2 , 2 . fl_ 2 .? Q .2, ,4Q 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 _2j 70 2 . 8 0 ^ 9 , 0 A aS O -A iJ J L ? .2 Q

0

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

£0_

1
1

fO
1
f\l
*■

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------

$
2 .6 8
3 .5 2
2 .6 1

1 .8 0 , U 9 0

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

1
1

2
2

2
2

1
1

$
3 40 3 . 6 0

%

M
3bl

. 3 .8 0

i
i
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

't

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

i
»
> .2 0 3 . 3 0

o
o

1 .7 0

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—
t
$
$
$
*
t
$
*
$
2 .3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 60 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0 3 . 00 3 . 1 0

$
$
S
*
*
1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 2 0

4 .2 0

9
9

“

-

“
“

3
3

91
90
1

-

-

“
”

-

-

8
8
~

-

-

-

-

-

52

8
4
4
4

4
4
-

~

19
4
15
15

-

15

-

8

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10

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Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T he p r im a r y p u rp o s e of p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p tio n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w ag e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its fie ld s ta f f in c la s s if y in g in to a p p r o p r ia te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e ty of p a y r o ll ti t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t an d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its th e g ro u p in g of o c c u p a tio n a l w ag e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e of th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s ta b l is h m e n t an d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility of o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n if ic a n tly f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In ap p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p tio n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tr u c te d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , te m p o r a r y , an d p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
CLERK,

B IL L E R , M ACHINE

B il le r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (M oon H o p k in s, E llio tt
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a tio n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s to m e r s ' p u rc h a s e o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e tc . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n of p r e d e te r m in e d d is c o u n ts an d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
an d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t be c o m p u te d on th e b illin g m a c h in e ,
and to t a ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s
a la r g e n u m b e r of c a rb o n c o p ie s of th e b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d an d is o fte n d one on a fan fo ld
m a c h in e .

C la s s B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and f il e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
ing s " o r - p a r t ly c l a s s i f ie d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e l a te d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s c l e a r l y id e n tif ie d m a t e r i a l in f ile s an d f o r w a r d s
m a te ria l.
M ay p e r f o r m r e l a te d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v ic e f il e s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f ilin g of m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f ie d o r w hich
is e a s i ly c l a s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t io n s y s te m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d i ly a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f ile s an d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f il l o u t w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l ta s k s r e ­
q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v ic e f il e s .

B il le r , m a c h in e (b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e ). U se s a b o o k k ee p in g m a c h in e (S u n d s tra n d , E llio tt
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R an d , e t c ., w h icb m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e ty p e w r i te r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e
c u s to m e r s ' b ills a s p a r t of th e a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s tjhe s im u l ta ­
n e o u s e n t r y of f ig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r of v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s , an d u s u a lly p r in t s a u to m a tic a lly th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s . D o es n o t in v o lv e a kn o w led g e of b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d s ta n d a rd ty p e s of s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .

CLERK,

O R D ER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a tio n of th e f o llo w in g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s to m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t lis tin g th e ite m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r ic e s an d q u a n titie s of ite m s on o r d e r
s h e e t; an d d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to b e f ille d . M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r tm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g of c u s to m e r , ac k n o w led g e r e c e ip t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f ille d , k e e p f ile of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , an d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b o o k k ee p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R an d , E l lio t t F i s h e r , S u n d s tra n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a ty p e w r i te r k ey b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d of b u s in e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K eep s a s e t of r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a kn o w led g e of and e x p e rie n c e in b a s ic
b o o k k ee p in g p r in c ip le s , and f a m ili a r ity w ith th e s tr u c t u r e of th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m
u s e d . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s an d d is tr i b u tio n of d e b it an d c r e d i t ite m s to be u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of th e w o rk . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , an d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h an d .

CLERK,

PAY RO LL

C o m p u te s w a g e s of co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o ll
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la te d d a ta on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sho w in g in f o r m a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , tim e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , an d to ta l w a g e s d u e . M ay m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g u p an d d is tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s . M ay u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

C la s s B. K eep s a r e c o r d of one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
re q u ir in g li ttl e kn o w led g e of b a s ic b o o k k ee p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e of b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr i b u tio n , e x p e n se d is tr i b u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a tio n of t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tro l s h e e ts f o r th e a c c o u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

C O M PTO M ETE R O PER A TO R
P r i m a r y d u ty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a th e m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b is n o t to b e c o n fu s e d w ith th a t of s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e of c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e of a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e of th is m a c h in e is in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u tie s .

C L E R K , ACCOU N TIN G
C la s s A . U n d er g e n e ra l d ir e c ti o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib il ity f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c tio n s of a c o m p le te s e t of b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to one p h a s e
of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c tio n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o stin g an d b a la n c in g s u b s id ia r y
le d g e r o r le d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g an d co d in g
in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e rs w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; and r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r i­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s and a llo c a tio n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , a d ju s tin g , an d
c lo sin g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; and m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .

K EY PU N C H O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k ey p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
ta s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k ey p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d itio n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a tio n of co d in g
s k ills an d th e m a k in g of so m e d e t e r m i n a tio n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a te s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e it e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c ts in f o r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts ; an d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e te r m in e in f o r m a tio n to be p u n ch e d . M ay t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B. U n d er s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch
a s p o stin g s im p le jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e rs , e n te r in g v o u c h e rs in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g b a n k a c c o u n ts ; an d p o s tin g s u b s i d ia r y le d g e r s c o n tr o lle d by
g e n e ra l le d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
ed g e of a c c o u n tin g and b o o k k ee p in g p r in c ip le s b u t is found in o ffic e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w o rk is su b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s is a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C la s s A . In an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s te m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r of v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s f ile m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n ts , e tc . M ay a l s o f ile th is m a t e r i a l . M ay k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p e s in co n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s . M ay le a d a s m a ll g ro u p of lo w e r le v e l file c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r i te r . M ay a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e of m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :

7

8
K E Y PU N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed
C la s s B. U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to pu n ch ed c a r d s . O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k ey p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . M ay v e r if y c a r d s .
W o rking f r o m v a r io u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts , fo llo w s s p e c if ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h av e
b e e n co d e d o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il an d r e q u i r e li ttl e o r no s e le c tin g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e ti n g
of d a ta to b e p u n ch e d . P r o b le m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a l a r g e a n d im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r of a n o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u tie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , open in g an d d is tr i b u tin g m a il, an d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SECRETARY
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c lo s e an d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e l a ti o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o rk a c tiv i tie s of th e s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m of d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n an d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
an d s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : (a) R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r ie s , an d r o u te s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in ta in s , an d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f il e s ; (c) m a in ta in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts a s i n s tr u c te d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v is o r to s u b o r d in a te s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l an d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; an d (f) p e r f o r m s
s te n o g ra p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .
M ay a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e an d d iffic u lty .
T he w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n o w led g e of o ffic e r o u tin e an d u n d e r s ta n d in g of th e o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a te d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v is o r .
Exclusions

N ot a l l p o s itio n s th a t a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e ab o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
of p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s fo llo w s : (a) P o s itio n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s te n o g r a p h e r s n o t fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u tie s ; (c) s te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o ffic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g ro u p of p r o f e s s io n a l , te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a r e e i th e r s u b s t a n ti a ll y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p le x an d r e s p o n s ib le th a n th o s e c h a r a c te r iz e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
and (e) a s s i s t a n t type p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n o t ty p ic a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T he t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ," u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o ffic ia ls w ho h av e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c tiv i tie s . T he ti tle " v ic e p r e s i d e n t ," th o u g h n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e of th is r o le , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s itio n s . V ice p r e s id e n ts w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s ib il ity is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c tio n s (e .g ., a p p ro v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c tl y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s of ap p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in itio n s .
C la s s A
a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5, 000 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d (im m e d ia te ly b elo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r le v e l) of a m a jo r
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d ia r y of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
a. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
a l l, f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d (im m e d ia te ly b elo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i th e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e ti n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s tr i a l r e l a tio n s , e tc .) o r* a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




a. S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s ib il ity is n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one of th e s p e c if ic le v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s ta f f
n o r m a lly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s an d is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n ts w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e of o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o £
b. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d of a s m a l l o r g a n iz a tio n a l u n it ( e .g ., f e w e r th a n
ab o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta f f s p e c i a li s t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tiv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E ; M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l of s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O GRA PHER, G EN ER A L
P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i th e r in s h o rth a n d o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d tr a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itt e n co p y . M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a ti v e ly
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s . M ay o p e r a te f r o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l. D o es n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk . (S ee tr a n s c r i b in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , SEN IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
s u c h a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i th e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d tr a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n . M ay a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
co p y . M ay a l s o s e t u p an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u i r in g s ig n if ic a n tly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il ity th a n s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s te n o g r a p h ic s p e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w led g e of g e n e r a l b u s in e s s an d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d of th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o li c ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e tc . U se s th is k n o w led g e in p e r f o r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s an d r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
ta s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o sin g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g an d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a il; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s tio n s , e t c . D o es n o t in c lu d e tr a n s c r i b in g - m a c h in e w o rk .
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s f u ll te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o lle c t, o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i th e r in a d d itio n to
d o in g ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u ll - tim e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u ll" te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w h en th e e s ta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i ly u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
of o v e r la p p in g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d fu n c tio n s , an d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x te n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a te f o r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is ta n c e c a lls an d r e c o r d t o l ls .
M ay p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im ite d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if th e fu n c tio n s of th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d i ly u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u tin e , e .g ., g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

9
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s of o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s itio n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p tio n i s t an d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t of r e g u l a r
d u tie s . T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t of th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a rd .

C la s s C . O p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l la t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c if ic in s tr u c tio n s . M ay in c lu d e s im p le
w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s an d s o m e filin g w o rk . T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s of a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla tin g r u n s o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r i e ty of ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a lly
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u la t o r , c a lc u la to r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l la t o r , an d o th e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t in g a s s ig n m e n ts w ith o u t c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , and p e r f o r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d . T he c o m p le te r e p o r tin g an d ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e ty of long an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g ty p e r e ­
q u irin g s o m e p la n n in g and se q u e n c in g of s te p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e rie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t ia l ly tr a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w irin g f r o m d ia g r a m s and o p e ra tin g s e q u e n c e s of lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o es not in c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r f o r m in g ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s an d d a y - to d a y s u p e r v is io n of th e w o rk and p ro d u c tio n of a g ro u p of ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
ta b u la to r an d c a lc u la to r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l la t o r . T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c if ic in s tr u c tio n s and m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s . T he w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , f o r e x a m p le , ta b u la tio n s in v o lv in g a r e p e titiv e
a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l ta b u la tin g s tu d y , o r p a r t s of a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S uch r e p o r t s and s tu d ie s a r e u s u a lly of a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u re s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d . M ay a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a in in g of new e m p lo y e e s in th e b a s ic
o p e r a tio n of th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r i b in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itt e n co p y an d do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r i b i n g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f ie d a s a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e ra l.
T Y P IS T
U se s a ty p e w r i te r to m a k e c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b il ls a f t e r c a lc u la ­
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M ay in c lu d e ty p in g of s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a te ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g li ttl e s p e c i a l tr a in in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s an d r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g an d d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib il ity f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., of te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o rd s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a te r i a l;
an d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g of c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n if o r m ity and
b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M ay ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a ry in g d e ta ils to s u it c i r c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : C opy ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o li c ie s , e t c .; an d s e ttin g up s im p le s ta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s ,
o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A FTSM A N — C o n tin u ed

D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A . P la n s th e g ra p h ic p r e s e n t a tio n of c o m p le x ite m s h av in g d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig i n a to r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e
e ffe c t of e a c h ch ange on th e d e ta ils of f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s of c o m ­
p o n e n ts and p a r t s . W o rk s w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le te d w o rk is
re v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig i n a to r f o r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s . M ay
e i th e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r le v e l d r a f ts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e an d c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p li­
c a tio n of m o s t of th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u s e d . D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o rk a s : P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s of s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d ra w in g s fo r c o n s tr u c tio n of a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s of f o u n d a tio n s , w a ll
s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s , an d ro o f. U se s a c c e p te d f o r m u la s an d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s of m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s in itia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is ch e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C. P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s of s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e tr ic p r o je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) an d s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r if y p o s itio n in g of

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r of s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s te d m e th o d s of a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n ts , an d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n ts . I n s tr u c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r . W o rk m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s an d d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g tr a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s an d t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il. (D oes n o t in c lu d e t r a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is tin g of s tr a i g h t lin e s an d a la r g e s c a le n o t r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s of e a s i ly v is u a liz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

N U R S E , IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v ic e U nder g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c ti o n to ill o r
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e il l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s of a
f a c to r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n of t h e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e ill o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b se q u e n t d r e s s in g of e m p lo y e e s ' in j u r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
of p a tie n ts t r e a te d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s of a p p lic a n ts an d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n of p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c tiv i tie s a ffe c tin g th e h e a lth , w e lf a r e , an d s a f e ty of a l l p e r s o n n e l.

MAIN T ENANCE A N P PQW ER P IA N T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TEN A N CE

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t an d m a in ta in in g ood r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk and e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t iti o n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s in g s , and t r i m m a d e of w ood in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g ; P la n ­
n in g and la y in g out of w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s u s in g a
v a r i e ty of c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o rta b le p o w e r to o l s , an d s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;

m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a ti n g to d im e n s io n s of w o rk ; an d s e le c tin g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o rk . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e rie n c e .




10
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TEN A N CE

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O TIV E (M A IN TE N A N C E)— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e ty of e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r of e q u ip m e n t fo r th e g e n e ra tio n , d is tr i b u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n of e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a i r in g an y of a v a r i e ty of
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m
b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ; lo c a tin g an d d ia g n o sin g tr o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a ti n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s of
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; an d u s in g a v a r i e t y of e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r in g an d
te s t in g i n s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l ie s in th e v e h ic le an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; an d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s tin g b r a k e s an d li g h ts , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , STA TIO NA RY
O p e r a te s an d m a in ta in s an d m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n of s ta t io n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c tr i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g . W o rk in v o lv e s : O p e r a tin g an d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila tin g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o il e r s an d b o il e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d of o p e r a tio n of m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a tio n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , STA TIO N A RY B O IL E R
F i r e s s ta t io n a r y b o il e r s to f u r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
an d c h e c k s w a te r an d s a f e ty v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r in g b o il e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H E L P E R , M A IN TE N A N C E TRA D ES
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m in g s p e c if ic
o r g e n e ra l d u tie s of l e s s e r s k ill , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s an d to o ls ;
c le a n in g .w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
to o ls ; a n d p e r f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d of w o rk th e
h e lp e r is p e r m itt e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fin e d to su p p ly in g , liftin g , an d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s an d to o ls an d c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; an d in
o th e r s he is p e r m itt e d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s of a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll - tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LRO OM
S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e r a tio n of one o r m o r e ty p e s of m a c h in e to o l s , su c h a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r ic a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s tr u c tio n of
m a c h in e - s h o p to o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u i r in g c o m p lic a te d s e tu p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e of a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e ty of p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c tin g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , an d o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u r in g o p e r a tio n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i te t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M ay be r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s to o l s , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and c u ttin g an d lu b r ic a tin g o il s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s tr y w ag e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f ic a t io n .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN TE N A N C E
P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s of m e ta l p a r t s of m e c h a n ­
ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g
w r itt e n in s tr u c tio n s and s p e c if ic a tio n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t of w o rk ; u s in g a v a r i e ty of m a ­
c h i n is t's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g up an d o p e r a tin g s ta n d a r d m a c h in e
to o ls ; s h a p in g of m e ta l p a r t s to c lo s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a ti n g to
d im e n s io n s of w o rk , to o lin g , f e e d s , an d s p e e d s of m a c h in in g ; k n o w led g e of th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s
of th e c o m m o n m e ta l s ; s e le c tin g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , an d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o rk ;
an d f ittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
of th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s an d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e of tr o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s an d p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
of h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g an d f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c tiv e p a r t s w ith ite m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g of th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r itt e n s p e c if ic a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta l ls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, an d d is m a n tle s an d in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o l­
lo w in g : P la n n in g an d la y in g o u t of th e w o rk ; i n t e r p r e ti n g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e ty of h a n d to o ls an d rig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a ti n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h of m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n te r s of g r a v ity ; a lin in g an d b a la n c in g of e q u ip m e n t; s e le c tin g s ta n d ­
a r d to o l s , e q u ip m e n t, an d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; an d in s ta llin g an d m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r
tr a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r iv e s an d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m i llw r ig h t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , th e
e q u ip m e n t of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

of m e c h a n ic a l

P A IN T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
P a in ts an d r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d f ix tu r e s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w led g e of s u r f a c e p e c u lia r i tie s a n d ty p e s of p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s an d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o il s ,
w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n te r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
I n s ta l ls o r r e p a i r s w a te r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s of p ip e an d p ip e f ittin g s in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g out of w o rk an d m e a s u r in g to lo ­
c a te p o s itio n of p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w r itt e n s p e c if ic a tio n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s of p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l an d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s to c k s an d d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s an d f a s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , an d s iz e of p ip e r e q u i r e d ; an d m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e te r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a tio n s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f itt e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g an d r e p a i r in g b u ild in g s a n it a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m of an e s ta b lis h m e n t in good o r d e r . W o rk in v o lv e s : K n o w led g e
of s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n of v e n ts an d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s te m ; in s ta llin g o r r e ­
p a ir in g p ip e s an d f ix t u r e s ; an d o p en in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g ; a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O TIV E (M A IN TEN A N CE)

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN TE N A N C E

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r tr u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e of tr o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b l in g e q u ip m e n t an d p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e of su c h h a n d to o ls as
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a li z e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r t s f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g an d a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b l in g an d in s ta llin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , an d m a in ta in s in good r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e ta l e q u ip m e n t an d f ix ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila to r s , c h u te s , d u c ts ,
m e ta l ro o fin g ) of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d la y in g
o u t a l l ty p e s of s h e e t - m e ta l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , ox o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ;
s e ttin g up an d o p e r a tin g a l l a v a ila b le ty p e s of s h e e t - m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of




11

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN TE N A N C E— C o n tin u ed

T O O L AND D IE M A K ER — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g , f ittin g , an d a s s e m b lin g ; an d in s ta llin g s h e e tm e ta l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e ra l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e ty of to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d in g of th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s of co m m o n m e ta ls an d a llo y s ; s e ttin g u p an d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e to o ls an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
of w o rk , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g of m a c h in e s ; h e a t- tr e a tin g of m e ta l p a r t s d u rin g f a b r ic a tio n
a s w e ll a s of fin is h e d to o ls an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a litie s ; w o rk in g to c lo s e to l e r a n c e s ;
fittin g an d a s s e m b lin g of p a r t s to p r e s c r ib e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a llo w a n c e s ; an d s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te
m a t e r i a l s , to o l s , an d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, th e to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p an d to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e .

TO O L AND D IE M A K ER
(Die m a k e r ; jig m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e m a k e r ; gag e m a k e r)
C o n s tr u c ts an d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p to o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix tu r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g in g s ,
p u n ch in g , and o th e r m e ta l - f o r m in g w o rk . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g out of w o rk f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l an d w r itt e n s p e c if ic a tio n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w ag e stu d y p u r p o s e s , to o l an d d ie m a k e r s in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s if ic a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a rd . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s , e i t h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s ta tio n e d a t g ate
and c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M ak es ro u n d s of p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
th e ft, and il le g a l e n tr y .
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C LE R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e iv e s an d is r e s p o n s ib le f o r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts of m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o rk in v o lv e s : A k n o w led g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a ti o n , and r a t e ; an d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s of th e g o ods s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b ills of la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f ile of s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s : V e rify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e r s in v e rif y in g th e c o r r e c tn e s s of
s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills of la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r ta g e s an d r e je c tin g
d a m a g e d g o o d s; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

(S w e e p e r; c h a rw o m a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w ag e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d a s fo llo w s:
C le a n s and k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s an d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m is e s of a n o ffic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n of th e fo llo w in g : S w e ep in g , m o p p in g o r s c ru b b in g , an d p o lish in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e ta l f ix tu r e s
o r tr i m m i n g s ; p ro v id in g s u p p lie s an d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v ic e s ; an d c le a n in g la v a to r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o rk e rs w ho s p e c ia liz e in w indow w a s h in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(L o a d e r and u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r an d s ta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s to c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a re h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o rk e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t
w h o se d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m fr e ig h t c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v ic e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to r a g e lo c a tio n ; an d tr a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e by h a n d tru c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV ER
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr i a l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r io u s ty p e s of e s ta b lis h m e n ts s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , f r e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s of b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in good w o rk in g o r d e r . D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w ag e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y s iz e an d ty p e of e q u ip m e n t,
a s fo llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s is of t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)

F IL L E R

(O rd e r p ic k e r; s to c k s e le c to r ; w a re h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F ill s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s fo r f in is h e d goods f r o m s to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
an c e w ith s p e c ific a tio n s on s a le s s lip s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s tr u c tio n s . M ay , in a d d itio n
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g ite m s fille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s of o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
s itio n a d d itio n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , an d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a te d d u tie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n of s iz e s li s t e d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (l'/z to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
T R U C K E R , PO W ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts fo r s h ip m e n t o r s to r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in s h ip p in g co n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c ific o p e ra tio n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e ty p e , s iz e , an d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e of c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m e th o d of s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g of ite m s in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
edge of v a r io u s ite m s o f s to c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e le c tio n of a p p r o p r i a te ty p e an d s iz e
of c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u s in g e x c e ls io r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g an d s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; an d a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n ta in e r. P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d ed .




O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e l e c tr i c - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to
tr a n s p o r t g o ods an d m a t e r i a l s of a l l k in d s ab o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w ag e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e of tr u c k , a s fo llo w s:
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo rk lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w er (o th e r th a n fo r k lif t)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----T h e n in th a n n u a l r e p o r t o n s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torneys,
c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en gin eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s o f o ffic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1617, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1968.
S ev en ty -fiv e
cents a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c te d a t th e
r e q u e s t of th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D iv i s i o n s of th e D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of t h e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
th e in sid e f ro n t c o v e r.

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 9 1__________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1__________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . A p r . 1 9 6 9 _________________________
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 -----B
E
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1_____
P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 1___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 ______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . ' 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 _________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k I s la n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
O c t . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u l y 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 9 r ______________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1_________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 19 6 9 1 -----------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 ---------------L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 -----------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 _____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 196 9 _________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1__________________________________
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ___________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------

B u lletin n u m b er
and p r ic e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1625-27,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1660-10,
1625-79.
1660-2,

30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

D ata on establishm ent practices and supplem entary w age provisions are also presented.




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ________________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
N o rfo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 _________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 _____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ________________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s .,
P
W
M a y 19 6 9 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffice o c c u p a t i o n s only ),
J u l y 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 __________________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 19 6 9 1__________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________
S an B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n ta r io , C a lif.,
R
O
O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 _______________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 0 6 9 __________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------------S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 __________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 19 6 9 -----------------------------------------------S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 9 1_______________
S
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________________
U t i c a — o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------R
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 __________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------------------W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________ ,_________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 _______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1 9 6 8 ___________________
W

B u lletin n u m b e r
and p ric e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30
40
30
35
60

cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
c en ts

1575-85,
1625-9,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1625-76,

30
30
30
35
50
30
35
30
30

cents
c en ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30
30
50
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
c en ts

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43.
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1 6 6 0 - 1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

c en ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents

l

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102