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Area Wage Survey

The Syracuse, New York, Metropolitan Area
July 1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -1 3




U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

*

IOWA
NE8R

KANS

OK LA

VIRGIN ISLANDS

Atlanta
D a lla s

REGION VI

P u e r t o Rico

R egion II
R egion I
341 Ninth A ve.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N. Y. 10001
Governm ent Center
Phone: 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2 (Area Code 617)

R eg io n III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
P h ilad elp h ia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 5 9 7 -7 7 9 6 (Area Code 215)

R egion IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
A tlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (Area Code 404)

R egion VI
R egion V
337 M ayflower Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
C h icago, 111. 60604
D alla s, T ex. 75201
Phone: 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (Area Code 214)

R egions VII and VIII
Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas C ity, Mo. 64106
Phone: 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (Area Code 816)

R egions IX and X
450 G olden Gate A ve.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area Code 415)

* R egions VII and VIII w ill be serviced by Kansas C ity.
** R egions IX and X w ill be serv iced by San Francisco.



Area Wage Survey
The Syracuse, New York, Metropolitan Area




J u ly

1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -1 3

D ecem b er 1969

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
G eoffrey H . Moore. Com m issioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




C ontents

P reface

Page

W age tr e n d s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d
o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s _________________________________________________

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s :
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d -----------------------m
A -2 .
P r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — e n and
m
A - 3.
A -4 .
A - 5.

A p p e n d ix .

T h is b u lle t in p re s e n ts r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y in
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , in J u ly 1 9 6 9 , c o n d u c te d u n d e r a c o n tr a c t
w ith th e N e w Y o r k S ta te D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r .
T h e S ta n d ­
a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e B u re a u
o f th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a ry 1 9 6 8 , c o n s is ts o f M a d is o n ,
O n o n d ag a, and O sw ego C o u n tie s . T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c te d
b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e i n N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , u n d e r
the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f T h o m a s N . W a k in , A s s is ta n t R e ­
g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a tio n s .




E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f s u r v e y and

2.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
l e t in p re s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d .
A fte r
c o m p le tio n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a ro u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a re is s u e d .
The f ir s t
b rin g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o lit a n a re a s s tu d ie d in to
one b u lle t in .
T h e sec o n d p re s e n ts i n f o r m a t io n w h ic h has
b e e n p r o je c te d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lita n a r e a d a ta to
r e la t e to g e o g ra p h ic re g io n s and th e U n ite d S ta te s .
N in e ty a re a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
is c o lle c te d a n n u a lly and on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and
s u p p le m e n ta ry w age p ro v is io n s b ie n n ia lly .

3

O f fic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d _________________________
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s __________
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ------O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ______________________________________

a re a s .

NOTE:
S i m i l a r ta b u la tio n s
(See in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

a re

a v a ila b le

f o r o th e r

U n io n s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p ay le v e ls in
th e S y ra c u s e a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s tr u c tio n ; p r in tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s .

iii

4

5

SO 00

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u rv e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a re a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p ro v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s . I t
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta b y s e le c te d in d u s t r y d iv is io n f o r e a c h
o f th e a re a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g ra p h ic r e g io n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S ta te s .
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a t io n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n ee d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l, and (2 ) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and le v e l o f w a g e s a m o ng a r e a s and in d u s t r y d iv is io n s .

11




A r e a

W

a g e

S u r v e y ----------

T h e

S y ra c u s e ,

N .Y .,

M

e tr o p o lita n

A r e a

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s con du cts s u rv e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
and r e la t e d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .1

to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2)
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

th e re

is

p o s s ib ility

of d is c lo s u r e of

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s d a ta a r e show n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a t io n .
E a r n in g s d ata e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te
s h ifts . N o n p ro d u c tio n b onuses a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - liv in g a llo w ­
ances and in c e n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u rs a r e
r e p o r te d , as f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e s ta n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e t h e i r r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r
o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s
f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h av e b ee n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle tin p re s e n ts c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in f o r m a t io n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
v is ite d b y B u re a u f ie ld e c o n o m is ts in th e la s t p re v io u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a tio n s r e p o r te d in th a t e a r l i e r s tu d y. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a d e
to n o n re s p o n d e n ts and to th o s e re s p o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g u n u s u a l changes
s in c e th e p re v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and th e c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
h a v in g fe w e r th a n a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d f o r e a c h of
th e b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

T h e a v e ra g e s p re s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s ite , a re a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s .
In d u s t r ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d if f e r in p ay le v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g an d , th u s , c o n trib u te d if f e r e n t ly to th e e s tim a te s f o r each jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e ra g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w ag e s p re a d o r d if f e r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S i m i l a r l y , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e ra g e p a y le v e ls
f o r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s ho uld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y t r e a tm e n t o f the se x es w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts . O th e r p o s s ib le f a c to r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib ­
u te to d iffe r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e :
D if fe r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c tu a l ra te s
p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c te d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c la s s if ie d a p p r o p r ia te ly w ith in the
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m ­
p lo y e e s in th e s e s u rv e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th a n th o s e used
in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am o ng
e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e s p e c ific d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u rv e y s a r e co n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a ry cost in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n of
la r g e th a n o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t.
Es­
t im a te s b a s e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p re s e n te d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e la t in g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s t r y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g ty p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3)
m a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if ic a t io n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s et o f jo b d e s c r ip ­
tio n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s
w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c te d f o r s tu d y a r e lis te d
and d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a rn in g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b
t it le s a r e f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f the
o c c u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r f o r s om e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in
o c c u p a tio n s , a r e n ot p re s e n te d in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r
(1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d ata

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e scope o f th e s tu d y and not the n u m b e r a c tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c t u r e a m o ng
e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e rv e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e la t iv e
im p o r ta n c e of th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s tr u c t u r e do n o t a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a rn in g s d a ta .
E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v is io n s

T a b u la tio n s on s e le c te d e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta r y w a g e p ro v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) a r e n ot p re s e n te d in th is
b u lle tin .
In f o r m a t io n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c te d b ie n n ia lly .
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e ta b u la tio n s on m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r ie s f o r in e x p e rie n c e d
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs ; p aid
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—
Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a re
in 78 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U.S. De­
partment of Labor.
p re s e n te d (in th e B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) in p re v io u s b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .




1

2




T a b l e 1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W it h i n S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d i n S y r a c u s e ,
b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 J u l y 19 6 9
Minimum
employment
in establish­
m e n t s in scop£
of study

Industry division

N u m b e r of establishments
Within scope
of study *

N . Y ., 1

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study4

Studied
Number

Studied
Percent

A ll divisions-------------------------------

_

361

107

9 7 , 353

100

6 6 ,0 5 7

M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ---------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 _____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 --------------------------------- ------ ------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------S e r v i c e s 6 7 ____________________________________

50

138
223

40
67

6 0 , 145
37, 208

62
38

44, 654
21, 403

50
50
50
50
50

30
49
74
35
35

13
10
16
10
18

8,
4,
13,
6,
4,

9
4
14
7
4

918
261
150
579
300

7,
1,
6,
2,
2,

635
678
485
892
713

1 T h e S y r a c u s e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f M a d is o n ,
O n o n d a g a , a n d O s w e g o C o u n t i e s . 1T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f
th e s iz e a n d c o m p o s itio n of th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s ti m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n
w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e
su rv e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n of th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f ic a ti o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s if y i n g e s ta b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3
I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m in u m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A ll o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4
I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s i n a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv is io n i s r e p r e s e n te d in e s ti m a t e s f o r " a ll i n d u s t r ie s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c tu r in g " in th e S e r ie s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o te ls a n d m o te l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a rk in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A l m o s t t w o - t h i r d s o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y i n t h e S y r a c u s e a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o ll o w i n g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c if ic i n d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u f a c tu r in g :
In d u s try g ro u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d
s u p p l i e s ------------------------------------- 28
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 20
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s _____
9
C h e m ic a ls an d a llie d
p r o d u c t s _______________________
8
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ____
7
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ------6
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ------6

C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______10
S e r v i c e i n d u s t r y m a c h i n e s _____10
E le c tr o n ic c o m p o n e n ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s _____________________ 6
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d
e q u i p m e n t ______________________ 6
E l e c t r i c lig h tin g a n d w ir in g
e q u i p m e n t ---------------------------------- 5
G e n e ra l in d u s tria l
m a c h i n e r y --------------------------------- 5
R a d io a n d T V r e c e iv in g
e q u i p m e n t ______________________ 5

T h is in f o r m a tio n is b a s e d o n e s ti m a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u rv e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a rio u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , the w age
tre n d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a rn in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
T h e p e rc e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata f o r s e le c te d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r ic a lly im p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
e a c h g ro u p .

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s 1 an d p e r c e n ta g e s o f c han ge
in a v e ra g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e ra g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c te d p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w ages d u rin g th e b a s e p e r io d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c te d
b e tw e e n J u ly I9 6 0 and June 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y ie ld s th e p e rc e n ta g e chan ge in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r io d to the
d ate o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f chan ge o r in c r e a s e r e la t e to
w ag e c h an g es b e tw e e n th e in d ic a te d d a te s .
T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u re s o f chan ge in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay c h an g es in th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e a r e a .
M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g

L im it a t io n s

E a c h o f th e s e le c te d k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in a n o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p w as a s s ig n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t
in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p .
T h e s e c o n s ta n t w e ig h ts r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a rn in g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lt ip lie d b y th e o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, and the
p ro d u c ts f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s in th e g ro u p w e r e to ta le d . T h e a g g re g a te s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g re g a te f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by th e a g g re g a te f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lta n t
r e l a t i v e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t, show s th e p e rc e n ta g e c h a n g e . . T h e in d e x
is th e p ro d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g the b as e y e a r r e la t iv e (10 0 ) b y th e r e la t iv e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r and c o n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the p re v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s
f o r the fo llo w in g o c c u p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g the w age tre n d s :

T h e in d e x e s and p e rc e n ta g e s o f c h a n g e , as m e a s u r e s o f
c han ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by:
(1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w age c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e iv e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , an d (3 ) c h an g es in a v e ra g e
w ages due to c h an g es in the la b o r f o r c e r e s u ltin g f r o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e re d u c tio n s , an d c h an g es in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d if f e r e n t p ay le v e ls .
C h an g es in th e la b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s .
I t is c o n c e iv a b le
th a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in a n a r e a g ave w ag e in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h ave d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S i m i l a r l y , w ages
m a y h av e r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s ta n t, y e t th e a v e ra g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y h ave r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n te re d th e a r e a .

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping- machine
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Machinists
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
A and B
Switchboard operators, classes
Cleiks, file, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A and B
Painters
A, B, and C
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Cleiks, order
class B
Tool and die makers
Cleiks, payroll
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling
Office boys and girls

T h e u se o f c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e rc e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c han ges
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rs .
T h e y a r e n ot in flu e n c e d by
c h an g es in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such , o r b y p r e m iu m pay
f o r o v e r t im e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d ata w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e rc e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e a n y s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the scope o f the s u r v e y .

* Indexes of earnings referred to in this standard text are published for most areas but not in
Syracuse because the area was not surveyed in the base year of the index series.




o f D a ta

3




T a b le 2. P e r c e n ts o f In c r e a s e i n S ta n d a rd W e e k ly S a la r ie s and
S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r ly E a r n in g s f o r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l
G ro u p s in S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1968 to J u ly 1969

O c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )__ _
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n )__ ______ ____
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) ___________ ______

A l l in d u s t r ie s

5.
7.
4.
7.

8
5
7
5

M a n u fa c tu r in g

5.
7.
5.
6.

0
5
3
5

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Syracuse, N. Y. , July 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and industry division

woikers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s } f --t

weekly
hours1
(standard)

*
55

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

52
46

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
93 .0 0
91 .5 0

$
94.5 0
94.0 0

$
8 9 .0 0 8 9 .0 0 -

$
97.5 0
9 7 .5 0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

85
72

3 9 .0
3 8.5

85.50
8 2 .5 0

81.5 0
79.5 0

7 7 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 -

8 9 .5 0
86.50

' CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

289
159
130

3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

1 15.50
1 24.00
1 05.00

1 15.00
120.00
1 0 2.50

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MA NU FACTURING --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

306
11 5
1 91

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 8.5

90 .5 0
102.50
83.50

8 6 .5 0
101 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

131
100

3 8.5
3 8 .0

7 7 . 50
7 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

132
AO
92

3 7 .5
4 0 .0
3 6 .5

CLERKS, OROER -----------------MA NUFACTURING --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

106
73
33

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

60

65

*
70

$

%

*
75

80

85

$
90

$
95

$
100

s
105

no

11 5

120

$

$

$

t

$

13 0

140

$
1 50

170

180

190

65

-

70

~

75

80

85

90

95

100

“

16
14

12
12

105

no

1 15

1 20

13Q

-

22
20

"

”

-

-

2

_

_

_

2
“

5
4

_

_

-

“

“

”

~

11
10
1

9
9
“

3
2
1

-

.. H P -

160

170

180

and

190

over

_

2
2

2
2

5
5

31
31

9
9

18
18

2
1

9
*

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

1
1

9
9

12
1
11

43
15
28

17
8
9

24
8
16

12
5
7

26
20
6

25
22
3

69
37
32

18
12
6

7 8 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
7 6 .5 0 - 89 .5 0

_
-

4
4

2
2

19

42
14
28

29
4
25

33
11
22

24
14
10

22
15
7

13
12
1

5
5

5
3
2

25
22
3

5
5

-

19

78
10
68

74 .0 0
72.0 0

7 0 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 -

83.00
77.0 0

_

10
10

24
24

39
37

12
12

22
8

5

-

-

-

_

10
“

2
2

3
3

3
3

”

~

1
1

~

7 2 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

7 2 .5 0
79 .0 0
71 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 -

7 8 .0 0
86.00
76.0 0

11
~
11

15

32
7
25

28
3
25

10
8
2

8
8

2
2

_

15

25
11
14

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

86 .5 0
90.5 0
78 .0 0

84.00
8 5 .0 0
73.5 0

8 0 .5 0 8 2 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

96.0 0
9 8 .5 0
89.00

_
-

7

5

7

2
2

-

-

7

*

9
5
4

-

5

6
3
3

12
12

7

39
35
4

193
146
47

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 08.50
10 6 .5 0
11 5 .5 0

1 0 3.50
1 0 3.00
1 0 6.50

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

_

_
-

2
2

2
2

~

8
6
2

8
7
1

10
2
8

23
21
2

23
17
6

CO MPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------

45

4 0 .0

85.00

86 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 -

-

-

-

4

7

10

9

13

2

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

299
162
137

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

10 2 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
10 7 .0 0

98.5 0
99.5 0
96.0 0

8 8 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

-

-

-

12
10

12
8
4

25
7
18

40
19
21

28
21
7

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONN AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

235
94
141

3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

85.50
96 .0 0
78 .5 0

83 .5 0
91.0 0
78 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 - 91.5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 - 84 .0 0

_
-

_
-

18

25

27
6
21

45
31
14

18
10

8

l

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS --------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

10 9
50
59

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

78.00
77.00
79 .0 0

78 .0 0
77.0 0
82 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 -

85 .5 0
80.00
88 .5 0

~

10
2

11
l

-

8

8

SECRETARIES 3--------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------

1 ,051
595
456
71

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

1 17.50
1 19.50
114.50
1 6 2.50

1 1 4.00
1 16.50
1 0 7.00
1 6 3.00

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 5 2 .5 0 -1 8 1 .5 0

_
-

~
-

-

61
18
43

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

76
47
29

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
36.5

136.00
1 39.50
1 30.00

1 3 5.50
1 4 0.00
1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

-

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

243
120
123

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

124.00
1 26.00
1 22.00

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
115 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

_

_

~

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




91.5 0

_

$

$

$
1 60

and
under
60

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

*

$

-

2

18

20

11

20
13
7

24
21
3

16
7
9

16
2
14

12

10
6
4

31

16

3

~
12

“

“

-

-

-

-

2

2

29

14

1

-

“

4
4
~

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
9
3

2
2

_
-

-

5
5

_

31
27
4

17
14
3

15
9
6

14
12
2

5
4

14
14

i

47
18
29

38
37
1

23
20

12
9

5
5

17
16

-

10
10

~

~
-

-

~

'

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

~

1
1

12
1
11

2
2

~
*

-

“

6
5
1

6
5

50

-

1
1

-

-

-

i

48

“

“

~

"

-

2
2

3

1

-

-

-

3

1

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

“
“

68
54
14
1

37

38

41

7

22

8

2

15
4

16
11

33
23

5

17
4
13
11

13

22

16
16

2

3

3

8
6
2

5
-

-

-

-

-

i
i

96
46
50

75
44
31

186
135
51

127
106
21
7

144
1 12
32

3
3

17
7
10

14
14

7
7

~

~

77
63
14

22

5

10
72
9
63

-

2

1

-

~

*

~

2
-

-

-

“

56
4
52

5

“

-

_

2

2

6

“

“

2

2

6

2

2
2

17
4
13

14

14

-

5

“

5

27
13
14

15
4

27

11

16

11

~

13
9

3

3
10
9

8

1

8

1

*
~

“
“

2
1
1

3
1
2

10

9
7

2

5

2

2

5

13
3

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is io n , S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , J u ly 1969)
W ee k ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d ard )

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

A v erag e
w ee k ly
h o u rs 1
( stan d ard )

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f
55

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

60

65

70

75

80

85

1
*
*
t
*
*
$
$
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190

90

95

100

105

110

115

95

100

105

lie

115

12a

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

25
9

137
32

73
3

27
7

23
4

16
8

10
4

13
5

4
3

14
11

-

9
8
1

5

10

_

_

-

-

-

M id d le ra n g e 2

under
60

ove

SE CRETARIES '- C O NT IN UE D
SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

414
132

39.5
38.5

$
$
$
$
117.50 1 1 4.00 1 1 0 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
115.00 112.00
92 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N H A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

318
146
172

39.0
40.0
38.0

108.00
110.50
106.00

103.50
111.00
98.50

9 5.00-116.50
1 0 2 .50-118.50
9 2.00-106.50

STENOGRAPHERS,, G E N E R A L ------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

138
95

39.0
38.0

94.00
97.00

91.00
90.50

8 2 .5 0 - 99.50
8 2 .0 0-115.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

63 4
50 3
131

40.0
40.0
39.0

107.50
103.50
122.50

105.50
104.50
136.50

97 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
97 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
105.00-142.00

-

-

_

-

-

12
12

13
13

19
17

u
4

ii

-

16
2
14

14
2
12

47
7
40

31
7
24

69
35
34

23
15
8

29
26
3

24
22
2

23
22
1

_

_

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

3

-

-

3
3

16
12

28
19

17
12

27
12

13
4

5
4

3
3

2
2

9
9

l
1

-

13
13

-

2
2

1

12
2
10

14
10
4

41
32
9

63
57
6

55
55
-

110
107
3

158
153
5

27
19
8

33
24
9

38
33
5

23
5
18

51
1
50

14

-

1

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---

35

39.5

111.50

122.50

90.00-133.00

-

-

-

2

1

5

1

-

3

4

i

-

-

2

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

45
34

39.0
38.5

90.50
87.50

88.00
84.50

7 7 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 - 98.00

5
5

i
i

_

5
5

_

7
7

8
7

4

4
2

3
2

-

i
-

_

-

2
-

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

125
56
69

38.5
39.0
38.5

91.50
97.50
86.50

93.00
98.00
86.50

8 2 .5 0 - 98.50
91 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
7 9 .5 0 - 94.00

_

15

24
9
15

7
4
3

23
4
19

30
20
10

4
3
1

8
8
"

6
6
“

_

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

60
38

38.5
40.0

121.00
123.50

118.00
118.00

111.5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
112.00-132.00

5
3

8
4

7
7

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

66
27
39

38.5
40.0
37.5

96.00
105.50
89.50

94.50
103.00
91.00

86 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
100.00-120.00
8 2 .0 0 - 97.50

_

“

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

75
27

39.0
37.5

95.00
95.00

94.00
94.50

9 0 .5 0 - 99.00
9 1 .0 0 - 99.00

-

TYPISTS, CL AS S A -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

361
260
101

39.5
40.0
38.0

98.00
96.50
101.00

95.50
94.00
104.00

8 5 .5 0-106.50
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
83 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

_

-

-

4

-

-

-

4

17
8
9

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

164
86

38.5
37.5

80.50
75.50

81.00
76.00

75.5071.00-

4
4

5
5

8
8

22
22

84.00
81.50

5

i
i
-

“

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

“

“

4

15

_

_

_

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

”

4

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

6
3
3

-

-

_
-

1

1

-

*

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

3
i
2

_

1
1
”

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

”

17
9

13
5

6
6

1
1

i
1

-

2
2

6
6

_

_

16
5
11

3
1
2

18
12
6

2
2

9
3

8
2

26
10

18
8

5

7
2

17
10
7

49
39
10

47
41
6

42
40
2

45
45
-

34
18
16

50
24
26

9
8
1

28
21

71
17

5
4

8

2
2

3
3

6

1

-

-

15

_

3
1
2

-

-

10

5
5

10

10

15

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

11
11

9
3
6

6
6
“

21
7
14

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

*

“

-

1
i

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

ra ight - ti m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s ive o f pay for o v e r t i m e at r eg ul a r and/ or pr e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r ni n gs c o r r e s pond
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta l in g th e e a r n i n g s o f a ll w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
th a n th e r a t e sh o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n th e r a t e sh o w n .
T h e m id d le r a n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a f o u r th o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r th e a r n m o r e t h a n th e
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te l y .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Syracuse, N.Y., July 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Occupation and industry division

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
%

Middle range 2

Under 100
*
and
100 under
105

$

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S A
MANUFA CT UR IN G -

110

110

115

115

120

120

125

125

130

130

135

135

140

140

145

150

150

155

17
16

155

160

22
19

160

165

165

170

170

175

175

i

%

i

180

190

200

210

-

-

and

190

200

210 over

$

40.0 169.50 167.00 153.00-190.50
40.0 172.50 170.00 161.50-191.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MA NU FACTURING -

144
114

40.0 156.00 159.00 148.00-170.00
40.0 154.00 156.50 147.50-164.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C MANUFA CT UR IN G NONMANUF AC TU RI NG

179
144
35

40.0 132.50 133.00 12 6. 50 142.00 2
40.0 133.00 133.00 127.00-141.00
40.0 130.50 133.00 12 2. 50 147.00 2

DRAFTSME N- TR AC ER S
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

145

180
-

105

103.00-118.00
78
71

3
2

3

- 3

14
14
5

3

3

7
7

6
6

2
2
-

-

5

4

7

40.0 129.00 128.50 120.50-137.50
40.0 129.00 128.00 121.50-136.50

5
8

3
2
1

3

3

9
7
2

36
32
4

34
27
7

22
22

6
6

29
25

19
19
-

13
12

26
26
-

20
6
14

4
3

2
2

1
1

2

2
2

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of:pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.




Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

Earnings information for m e n and w o m e n combined are
presented in tables A-l and A-2. Separate earnings in­
formation for m e n and w o m e n , usually presented in tables
A-l and A-2, are not available for this area.

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , S y r a c u s e , N , Y , , J u l y 1 9 6 9 )

Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—

i---- $
*
1 ~ .- $
$
*
t
$
*
$
$
t
*
$
t
$
$
$
S
t
t
$
2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2. 90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 A.A0 4 .60 4.80 5.00

Number
O c c u p a t io n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

-

2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.60 4 .80 5.00 over

CARPENTERS, MA INTENANCE ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

64
50

$
3.69
3.60

$
3.59
3.56

$
$
3.41- 3.98
3.34- 3.78

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

156
129
27

4.03
3.96
4.38

4.02
3.79
4.19

3.53- 4.65
3.48- 4.64
4.06- 4.74

-

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

76
68

3.86
3.84

3.85
3.84

3.35- 4.27
3.33- 4.24

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BO ILER --------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

32
32

3.32
3.32

3.16
3.16

2.94- 3.28
2.94- 3.28

-

HELPERS, MA INTENANCE TRADES -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

83
52

3.00
3.07

3.10
3.10

2.83- 3.18
2.95- 3.17

17
3

_

MACH IN E- TO OL OPERATORS, TOOL RO OM —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

62
62

3.69
3.69

3.47
3.47

3.39- 3.96
3.39- 3.96

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

145
144

3.80
3.80

3.72
3.72

3.34- 4.25
3.34- 4.25

-

MECHANICS, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

153
42
111
109

3.83
3.44
3.97
3.97

3.64
3.24
3.69
3.69

3.403.063.563.56-

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

226
222

3.57
3.57

3.29
3.29

3.19- 3.73
3.19- 3.76

_

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

237
237

3.86
3.86

3.78
3.78

3.71- 3.89
3.71- 3.89

_

-

-

-

OILERS --------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

46
46

3.17
3.17

3.11
3.11

2.99- 3.62
2.99- 3.62

1
1

A
A

-

PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------------

35

3.73

3.47

3.42- 4.09

-

-

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

140
140

3.95
3.95

3.93
3.93

3.70- 4.23
3.70- 4.23

_

_

_

4.19
3.46
4.19
4.35

~
*

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

4.04
4.04

3.67- 4.34
3.67- 4.34

_

h o lid a y s ,

5
5
“

23
14
9

3
3

-

~
-

-

4
1
3

51
42
9

2
2

1
1

12
12

6
5

3
1

2
2

4
4

_

3

*

6
A

ii
ii

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

n
u
"

6
6

16
16

1
1

3
3

-

10
10

_

_

*

8
8

3
3

4
4

3
3

11
11

5
5

_

~

3
3

4
A

7
7

10
10

29
18

6

-

_

3
3

-

3
3

3
3

A
4

-

2
2

-

-

_

18
18

-

_

_

-

1
-

~

3
3

21
21

6
6

“

28
28

17
17

11
11

10
10

1
“

23
23

15
10
5
5

3
2
1
1

19
A
15
15

8

27

_

2
2
39
38

59
59

17
17

~

-

2

_

-

3
3

18
18

18

-

i
3
3

A
A

*

10
10

2
2

1
1

23
23

-

-

_

4

_

9
6

A

_

A

-

7
7

2
2

9
9

A

A

89
89

42
42

1
1

-

*

A
A

7
7

22
22

4
4

3
3

10
10

ii
ii

-

-

_

-

“

*

“

“

-

-

2

-

4

-

18

-

1

_

-

1
1

2

8
8

10
10

2

6
6

6

-

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

3
3

-

12
12

14
14

15
15

19
19

s h ifts ,

_
~

7
7

3
3

8
8

1
1

15
15

-

6
6

5
5

4
A

-

2

_

-

_

_

2
2

-

-

2

2
2

27
27

5
5

-

i
-

*

3
3

8
8

2
2

“

-

~

16
16

-

i
-

-

7
7

“

-

2

an d la te

1
1
-

11
11

“
_

17
16
1

_

*

3
2
1

-

4.05
4.05

3
3

2
2
-

-

467
467

1
1

2
2
-

-

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

14
14

~

3.74- 4.64
3.74- 4.64

-

A
2

_

3.88
3.88

6
-

4
A

-

4.04
4.04

A
i

3
3

-

36
36

1
1

A
A

-

_

4
4

2
1

~

-

9
9

3
3

“

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MA INTENANCE —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------




-

-

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .

-

2

“

-

A

2
2

-

-

4
A

18
16

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

2
2

-

“

8
8

_

-

20
3
17
17

5
5

10
~

_

3
3

43
A3

-

3
3

41
41

-

_

13
13
-

-

1

1

-

-

1

5

-

11
11

42
42

-

_

14
14

-

6

13
13

1
1

24
24

”

-

6

2
2

_

_

-

-

6

7
7

-

”
24
24

-

10
10

-

14
14

“

25
25

24
24

49
49

25
25

26
26

63
63

18
18

47
47

-

-

2

-

90
90

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Syracuse, N.Y., July 1969)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of

*

*

*

s

s

s

Occupation1 and industry division

$

s

$

s

$

970
129

$
2.09
3.05

$
1.69
2.98

$
$
1.65- 2.90
2.93- 3.31

*

*

*

*

»

80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20

-Ll* 0 2 50 2s.6Q. 2 70 2.80 2,l!0_J - 0 0 .1,■10 3,
.

-2*2S-

256
~

57
5

16

1

6

~

5

2

-

2

2
2

9
4

1
1

68
68

8
7

* *

*

3.90 ?»<><? J,80
~

25
25

$

i

r

3.90 3.60 3.80 9.00 9.20 9.90

1
1

13
13

O
o

1.70 1.80 1.90 2 00
GUARDS AND WA TCHMEN
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -

s

1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.90 2.50 2.60 2.70

3
3

9.20 9.90 over
-

-

“

GUARDS:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

129

3.10

2.98

2.99- 3.32

2

4

1

68

7

-

25

1

13

3

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

852
90 7
995
57

2.35
2.73
2.00
2.79

2.39
2.75
1.88
2.79

1.862.951.762.90-

2.78
2.99
2.10
3.12

35
35
~

128
128

81
9
72
“

66
12
59

95
95

29
29
~

17
5
12
“

66
50
16
15

58
56
2
1

22
20
2
“

11
11
-

103
82
21
19

93
92
1
1

52
50
2
1

18
9
9
9

29
7
17
16

97
97
-

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

~

_
*

_
“

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(W0MENI ------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

259
58
201

2.00
2.91
1.88

1.89
2.99
1.78

1.72- 2.35
2.27- 2.55
1.70- 1.98

50

68
68

29
7
22

15
15

_

1
1

15
11
4

33
6
27

15
15
*

16
10
6

8
8

2
2

1
1

5
5

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

LABORERS, MATE RI AL HAND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

703
959
299

2.75
2.69
2.87

2.68
2.68
2.65

2.92- 2.99
2.53- 2.89
2.21- 3.81

_
-

7
7

29
29

3
3

22

-

73
25
98

90
32
8

29
29

93
89
9

78
70
8

83
83
-

97
97
“

79
50
29

4
9
-

9
9
-

6
6
-

20
20
-

30
30

66
66

_
-

-

_
-

ORDER

50

22

235

2.77

2.75

2.51- 2.95

-

-

-

6

3

3

-

-

95

30

11

91

7

65

-

-

12

-

2

1

3

-

6

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

159
153

2.79
2.81

2.81
2.83

2.55- 2.97
2.58- 2.98

-

-

-

_

“

3
“

3

19
19

12
12

15
15

27
27

5
5

15
15

35
35

2
2

5
5

1
1

21
21

1
l

_

_

_

_

-

-

RECE IV IN G CL ERKS ---------------------

98

3.06

3.19

2.73- 3.20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

8

1

1

-

2

1

-

22

-

10

-

-

1

-

-

SH IPPING CL ER KS ----------------------

33

2.93

2.83

2.73- 3.21

6

-

10

9

-

-

5

5

-

3

-

-

-

-

SH IPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

151
100
51

3.00
3.18
2.65

2.98
3.20
2.81

2.77- 3.26
2.86- 3.61
2.52- 2.89

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

13

"

27
10
17

8
8
-

6
5
1

17
8
9

22
22
-

2
2
“

25
25
"

_
-

-

2
1
1

18
18

-

9
9

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

TR U C K D R I V E R S 5 ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

995
229
771
463

3.98
3.35
3.51
3.90

3.90
3.22
3.92
3.95

3.002.953.193.92-

3.96
3.58
3.97
3.98

_
-

~
~

12
12
~

18
18

18
18

3

29

90

13

3

29
~

90
1

4
2
2
2

31
19
17
8

35
19
16
3

19
5
9
~

33
32
1
1

20
20
-

39
17
17
6

18
18
“

70
52
18
9

98
5
93
3

903
4
399
399

66
66
30

36
36
~

_
“

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T O N S ) -----------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

85
75

3.29
3.32

3.91
3.92

2.63- 3.95
2.65- 3.96

_

_

12
12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

"

95
95

_

~

5
5

_

“

17
11

_

~

2
“

2

~

2
2

_

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 9 TONS) ----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

117
101

2.53
2.96

2.62
2.38

2.06- 2.87
2.09- 2.78

_

_

18
18

18
18

3
3

9
9

9
4

2
2

9
9

6
6

16
15

13
9

7
1

9

_

_

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 9 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RT NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

446
82
369
220

3.73
3.38
3.81
3.97

3.92
3.52
3.94
3.96

3.623.163.683.93-

_

_
-

9
9

_

9
9

8
8
-

-

_
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

16
16
-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 9 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

172
67
105

3.36
3.71
3.19

3.27
9.31
3.16

2.39- 3.99
3.09- 4.36
2.33- 3.95

18

27

_

_

_

_
-

18

27

-

19
19
~

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

977
905

3.11
3.09

3.09
2.98

2.77- 3.49
2.77- 3.95

19
19

2
2

69
69

12
12

13
13

FILLERS -----------------------

1
2
3
4
5

3.98
3.57
3.99
3.99

“

_
~

_

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

_
~
-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

-

_
“

-

-

Data limited to m e n workers except wh er e otherwise indicated.
Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public, utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




1

-

2
2

13

_

-

13
1

“

~
10
10

“

13
12
1

3
2

19
5

113
95

_

”

-

13
12

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

_

"

~

3
3
-

99
98
1
l

93
93
3

190
9
186
186

66
66
30

_
-

_
-

11
11

5
5
-

_
-

-

98
48

_
-

36
36
-

_
-

25
29

37
37

197
109

13
13

i
i

1
1

~

_

_

-

6
6

rj




Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T he p r i m a r y p u rp o s e of p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p tio n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w ag e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t it s fie ld s ta f f in c la s s if y in g in to a p p r o p r ia te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e ty of p a y r o ll ti t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t an d
fr o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its th e g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e of th is e m p h a s is on
in t e r e s ta b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility of o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p tio n s m a y d if f e r s ig n if ic a n tly f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In ap p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p tio n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in s tr u c te d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a in e e s ; an d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , te m p o r a r y , an d p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R , M ACHINE

CLERK,

B il le r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c ia l b illin g m a c h in e (M oon H o p k in s, E llio tt
F i s h e r , B u r ro u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a tio n ty p in g an d ad d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b ills
and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s to m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
ra n d u m s , e tc . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n of p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n ts an d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
an d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t be c o m p u te d on th e b illin g m a c h in e ,
and to t a ls w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s
a la r g e n u m b e r of c a rb o n c o p ie s of th e b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d an d is o fte n d one on a fan fo ld
m a c h in e .
B il le r , m a c h in e (b o o k k eep in g m a c h in e ). U se s a b o o k k ee p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s tra n d , E llio tt
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R an d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e ty p e w r i te r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e
c u s to m e r s ' b il ls a s p a r t of th e a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s t;he s im u l ta ­
n e o u s e n t r y of f ig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r of v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s , an d u s u a lly p r in t s a u to m a tic a lly th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .v D o es n o t in v o lv e a kn o w led g e of b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and s ta n d a r d ty p e s of s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R an d , E l lio t t F i s h e r , S u n d s tr a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a ty p e w r i te r k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d of b u s in e s s
t r a n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t of r e c o r d s r e q u i r in g a k n o w led g e of an d e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b o o k k ee p in g p r in c ip le s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e of th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m
u s e d . D e te rm in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s an d d is tr i b u tio n of d e b it an d c r e d i t it e m s to be u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of th e w o rk . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , an d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h an d .
C la s s B. K eep s a r e c o r d of one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
re q u ir in g l i ttl e k n o w led g e of b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s to m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e of b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr i b u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr i b u tio n , in v e n to r y c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a tio n of t r i a l b a la n c e s an d p r e p a r e c o n tr o l s h e e ts f o r th e a c c o u n tin g d e p a r tm e n t.
C L E R K , A CCOU N TIN G
C la s s A . U n d er g e n e ra l d ir e c ti o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib il ity f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c tio n s of a c o m p le te s e t of b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a ti n g to one p h a s e
df a n e s ta b lis h m e n t's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g an d b a la n c in g s u b s id ia r y
le d g e r o r le d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g an d co d in g
in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e rs w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; an d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r i­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a tio n s an d a llo c a tio n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s tin g , an d
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; an d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .

C la s s B. S o r ts , c o d e s , an d f il e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
ing s - o r ~ p a r tl y c l a s s i f ie d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s. P r e p a r e s s im p le r e l a te d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s c l e a r l y id e n tif ie d m a t e r i a l in f il e s an d f o r w a r d s
m a te ria l.
M ay p e r f o r m r e l a te d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v ic e f il e s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g of m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f ie d o r w h ich
is e a s i ly c l a s s i f ie d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t io n s y s t e m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a te s r e a d i ly a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f ile s an d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f il l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l ta s k s r e ­
q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v ic e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O R D ER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a tio n of th e f o llo w in g : Q u o tin g p r ic e s to c u s to m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t in g th e it e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n titie s of ite m s on o r d e r
s h e e t; an d d is tr i b u tin g o r d e r s h e e ts to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to b e f ille d . M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g of c u s to m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f ille d , k e e p f ile of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , an d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLE R K , PA Y RO LL
C o m p u te s w a g e s of co m p a n y e m p lo y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o ll
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s tin g c a lc u la te d d a ta on p a y r o ll s h e e t, sh o w in g in f o r m a tio n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , ti m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , an d to ta l w a g e s d u e . M ay m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g u p an d d is tr i b u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s . M ay u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .
C O M PTO M ETE R O PER A TO R
P r i m a r y d u ty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a th e m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b is n o t to b e c o n fu s e d w ith th a t of s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e of c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e of a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e of th is m a c h in e is in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u tie s .
K EY PU N C H O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k ey p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to k ey p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
ta s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k ey p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d itio n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a tio n of co d in g
s k ill s an d th e m a k in g of so m e d e t e r m i n a tio n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a te s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e it e m s to b e p u n ch e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts ; an d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e te r m in e in f o r m a tio n to be p u n ch e d . M ay t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . U n d er s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e rs o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e rs , e n te r in g v o u c h e rs in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; re c o n c ilin g b a n k a c c o u n ts ; an d p o s tin g s u b s i d ia r y le d g e r s c o n tr o lle d by
g e n e ra l le d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
ed g e of a c c o u n tin g an d b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s b u t is foun d in o ffic e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w o rk is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s is am o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C la s s A . In a n e s ta b lis h e d f ilin g s y s te m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r of v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s f ile m a t e r i a l s u c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n ts , e tc . M ay a l s o f ile th is m a t e r i a l . M ay k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f il e s . M ay le a d a s m a l l g ro u p of lo w e r le v e l file c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s s ta t e m e n ts , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c tr o m a tic ty p e w r i te r . M ay a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f ie d b y ty p e of m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :

11

12
K EY PU N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed
C la s s B. U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to p u n ch e d c a r d s . O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a l p h a b e tic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k ey p u n c h m a c h in e to k ey p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . M ay v e r if y c a r d s .
W orking f r o m v a r io u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts , fo llo w s s p e c if ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h av e
b e e n co d e d o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e t a il an d r e q u i r e li ttl e o r no s e le c tin g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e ti n g
of d a ta to b e p u n ch e d . P r o b le m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a la r g e an d im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r of a n o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F IC E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a rio u s r o u tin e d u tie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , open in g an d d is tr ib u tin g m a il, an d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
SE C R E T A R Y
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c lo s e an d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e l a ti o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o rk a c tiv i tie s of th e s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m of d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n an d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
an d s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s , u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : (a) R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a lls ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s r o u tin e in q u i r ie s , an d r o u te s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in ta in s , an d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f il e s ; (c) m a in ta in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts a s in s tr u c te d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v is o r to s u b o rd in a te s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u r a c y ; an d (f) p e r f o r m s
s te n o g ra p h ic and ty p in g w o rk .
M ay a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e an d d iffic u lty .
T he w o rk ty p ic a lly r e q u i r e s k n o w led g e of o ffic e r o u tin e an d u n d e r s ta n d in g of th e o r g a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a te d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v is o r .
Exclusions

N ot a ll p o s itio n s th a t a r e ti tle d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e ab o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
of p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s fo llo w s : (a) P o s itio n s w h ich do n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d ab o v e ; (b) s te n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u tie s ; (c) s te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o ffic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g ro u p of p r o f e s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d u tie s a r e e i th e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o re c o m p le x an d r e s p o n s ib le th a n th o s e c h a r a c te r iz e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
an d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s itio n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ich a r e n o t ty p ic a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T he t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ," u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o ffic ia ls w ho h av e a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p an y a c tiv i tie s . T he ti tle " v ic e p r e s i d e n t ," th o u g h n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e of th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify su ch p o s itio n s . V ice p r e s id e n ts w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s ib il ity is to a c t p e r ­
s o n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c tio n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c tio n s ;
a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c tl y s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s of ap p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in itio n s .
C la s s A
a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t of a co m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
of a co m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5, 000 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d ia te ly b elo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r le v e l) of a m a jo r
s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B
a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t of a co m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d ia te ly b elo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i th e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w id e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s tr i a l r e l a tio n s . e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




a. S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s ib il ity is n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one of th e s p e c if ic le v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s ta f f
n o r m a lly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s an d is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a tio n a l
s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e of o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
b. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d of a s m a l l o r g a n iz a tio n a l u n it ( e .g ., f e w e r th a n
ab o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; £ r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta f f s p e c i a li s t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
tiv e o f f ic e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t. (N O T E ; M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s te n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l of s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O GRA PHER, G EN ER A L
P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i th e r in s h o rth a n d o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n co p y . M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a ti v e ly
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s . M ay o p e r a te f r o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l. D o es n o t in c lu d e tr a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk . (S ee tr a n s c r i b in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r . )
S T E N O G R A P H E R , SEN IO R
P r i m a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i th e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s im i la r m a c h in e ; an d tr a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n . M ay a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
co p y . M ay a l s o s e t up an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n if ic a n tly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b ility th a n s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s te n o g r a p h ic s p e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w led g e of g e n e r a l b u s in e s s an d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d of th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o lic ie s , p r o c e d u r e s , f il e s ,
w o rk flo w , e tc . U se s th is k n o w led g e in p e r f o r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s an d r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
ta s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e tc .; c o m p o sin g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g an d ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; and
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc . D o es n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b in g - m a c h in e w o rk .
SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s f u ll te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o lle c t, o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a lls , e i th e r in a d d itio n to
d oing r o u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u ll - tim e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u ll" te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w h en th e e s ta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i ly u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
of o v e r la p p in g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s , an d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x te n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a te f o r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is ta n c e c a lls a n d r e c o r d to l ls .
M ay p e r f o r m lim ite d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im ite d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if th e f u n c tio n s of th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d i ly u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u tin e , e .g ., g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a to r .)

13
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d itio n to p e r f o r m in g d u tie s of o p e r a t o r on a s in g le - p o s itio n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p tio n i s t and m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t of r e g u l a r
d u tie s . T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t of th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a rd .

C la s s C . O p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l ac c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l la t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c if ic in s tr u c tio n s . M ay in c lu d e s im p le
w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s an d s o m e f ilin g w o rk . T he w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s of a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla tin g r u n s o r r e p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
TR A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

TABU LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r i e ty of ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a lly
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u la t o r , c a lc u la to r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l la t o r , an d o th e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t in g a s s ig n m e n ts w ith o u t c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , and p e r f o r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d . T he c o m p le te r e p o r t in g an d ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r i e ty of long an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g ty p e r e ­
q u irin g s o m e p la n n in g an d se q u e n c in g of s te p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e rie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is ty p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tr a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t ia l ly tr a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s an d o p e ra tin g s e q u e n c e s of lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o es not in c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r f o r m in g ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s an d d a y - to d ay s u p e r v is io n of th e w o rk and p ro d u c tio n of a g ro u p of ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la to r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l la t o r . T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c ific in s tr u c tio n s and m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s . T he w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p le , ta b u la tio n s in v o lv in g a r e p e titiv e
a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a ll ta b u la tin g s tu d y , o r p a r t s of a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S uch r e p o r t s and s tu d ie s a r e u s u a lly of a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u re s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d . M ay a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a in in g of new e m p lo y e e s in th e b a s ic
o p e r a tio n of th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty is to t r a n s c r i b e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r i b in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itt e n copy an d do s im p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s tr a n s c r i b i n g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho ta k e s d ic ta tio n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f ie d a s a s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e ra l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w r i te r to m a k e c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b il ls a f t e r c a lc u la ­
tio n s h av e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M ay in c lu d e ty p in g of s te n c ils , m a ts , o r s i m i l a r m a te ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r ic a l w o rk in v o lv in g li ttl e s p e c i a l tr a in in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s an d r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g an d d is tr i b u tin g in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib il ity f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
s y lla b ic a tio n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., of te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a te r i a l;
an d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g of c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n if o r m ity an d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g . M ay ty p e ro u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a ry in g d e ta ils to s u it c i r c u m s ta n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : C opy ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o li c ie s , e t c .; an d s e ttin g up s im p le s ta n d a r d ta b u la tio n s ,
o r co p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

TECHNICAL
D R A FTSM A N — C o n tin u ed

D RAFTSM AN
C la s s A . P la n s th e g ra p h ic p r e s e n t a tio n of c o m p le x ite m s h av in g d is tin c tiv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig i n a to r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s th e
e ffe c t of e a c h ch a n g e on th e d e ta ils of f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s of c o m ­
p o n e n ts and p a r t s . W o rk s w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v is o r y a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le te d w o r k is
re v ie w e d by d e s ig n o r ig i n a to r fo r c o n s is te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e te r m in a tio n s . M ay
e i th e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s , o r d ir e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r le v e l d r a f ts m e n .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e an d c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p li­
c a tio n of m o s t of th e s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d . D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s : P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s of s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le f u n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d ra w in g s fo r c o n s tr u c tio n of a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e ta il d ra w in g s of fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll
s e c tio n s , flo o r p la n s , and ro o f. U se s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s an d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s of m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s tr e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s in itia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk is c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s of s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e tr ic p r o je c tio n s
(d e p ic tin g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) an d s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r if y p o s itio n in g of

c o m p o n e n ts an d co n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b e r of s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s te d m e th o d s of a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n ts , an d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in i tia l a s s ig n m e n ts . I n s tr u c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r . W o rk m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s an d d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g tr a c in g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s an d tr a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il. (D o es n o t in c lu d e t r a c in g li m it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is tin g of s tr a i g h t lin e s an d a la r g e s c a le n o t r e q u i r in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s of e a s i ly v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c lo s e ly s u p e r v is e d

N U R S E , IN D U STR IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v ic e U nder g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c ti o n to il l o r
in ju r e d
e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s of a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n of th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t aid
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g of e m p lo y e e s ' i n j u r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
of p a tie n ts tr e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s is tin g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s of a p p lic a n ts an d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n of p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c tiv i tie s a f f e c tin g th e h e a lth , w e lf a r e , an d s a f e ty of a l l p e r s o n n e l.

MAINTEN AN CE A N P F W E R P I A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n tr y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t an d m a in ta in in good r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk and e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f lo o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s in g s , an d t r i m m a d e of w ood in a,n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g out of w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s u s in g a
v a r i e ty of c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r to o l s , an d s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;

m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a ti n g to d im e n s io n s of w o rk ; an d s e le c tin g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o rk . I n g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .




14
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TE N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O TIV E (M A IN TE N A N C E)— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e ty of e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r of e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e ra tio n , d is tr i b u tio n , o r u ti liz a ti o n of e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : In s ta llin g o r r e p a i r in g a n y of a v a r i e ty of
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r tr a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g f r o m
b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s , la y o u ts , o r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ; lo c a tin g an d d ia g n o sin g tr o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a ti n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s of
w irin g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; an d u s in g a v a r i e t y of e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r in g an d
te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l ie s in th e v e h ic le an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; an d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s tin g b r a k e s an d li g h ts , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o lt s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , STA TIO NA RY
O p e r a te s an d m a in ta in s an d m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a tio n of s ta t io n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c tr i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g . W o rk in v o lv e s ; O p e r a tin g an d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila tin g an d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s te a m b o il e r s an d b o il e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d of o p e r a tio n of m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M ay a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e th e s e o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , STA TIO N A RY B O IL E R
F i r e s s ta t io n a r y b o il e r s to f u r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r,
o r s te a m . F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s to k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a te r an d s a fe ty v a lv e s . M ay c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r in g b o il e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H E L P E R , M A IN TE N A N C E TRA D ES
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m in g s p e c if ic
o r g e n e ra l d u tie s of l e s s e r s k ill , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s an d to o ls ;
c le a n in g .w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
to o ls ; a n d p e r f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u r n e y m a n . T h e k in d of w o rk th e
h e lp e r is p e r m itt e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r is c o n ­
fin e d to su p p ly in g , lif tin g , an d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s an d to o ls an d c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; an d in
o th e r s h e is p e r m itt e d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s of a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll - tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LRO OM
S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e r a tio n of one o r m o r e ty p e s of m a c h in e to o l s , s u c h a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a th e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s tr u c tio n of
m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d ie s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n ing and p e r f o r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s r e q u i r in g c o m p lic a te d s e tu p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e of a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c tin g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n s e q u e n c e ; an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a tio n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i te t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M ay be r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en to o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s to o l s , an d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts an d c u ttin g an d lu b r ic a tin g o il s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s tr y w ag e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th is c la s s if ic a tio n .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN TEN A N CE
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s of m e ta l p a r t s of m e c h a n ­
ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : I n te r p r e tin g
w r itt e n in s tr u c tio n s an d s p e c if ic a tio n s ; p la n n in g an d la y in g o u t of w o rk ; u s in g a v a r i e ty of m a ­
c h i n is t's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e ttin g u p an d o p e r a tin g s ta n d a r d m a c h in e
to o ls ; s h a p in g of m e ta l p a r t s to c lo s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a ti n g to
d im e n s io n s of w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , an d s p e e d s of m a c h in in g ; k n o w led g e of th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s
of th e co m m o n m e ta l s ; s e le c tin g s ta n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , an d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o rk ;
an d f ittin g an d a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, th e m a c h in i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN TE N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
of th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s an d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e of tr o u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s an d p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
of h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g an d f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c tiv e p a r t s w ith ite m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s to c k ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g of th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r itt e n s p e c if ic a tio n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l in g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a tio n . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o se p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .
M ILLW R IG H T
I n s ta l ls new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, an d d is m a n tle s an d in s ta lls m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o l­
lo w in g : P la n n in g an d la y in g o u t of th e w o rk ; i n t e r p r e ti n g b lu e p r in ts o r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e ty of h a n d to o ls an d rig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a ti n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g t h of m a t e r i a l s , an d c e n te r s of g ra v ity ; a lin in g an d b a la n c in g of e q u ip m e n t; s e le c tin g s ta n d ­
a r d to o l s , e q u ip m e n t, an d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; an d in s ta llin g an d m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r
tr a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r iv e s an d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, th e m i llw r ig h t 's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a te s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , th e m o v in g p a r t s
e q u ip m e n t of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

of m e c h a n ic a l

P A IN T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
P a in ts an d r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d f ix tu r e s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w led g e of s u r f a c e p e c u lia r i tie s an d ty p e s of p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e re n t
a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y re m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s an d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d ap p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M ay m ix c o l o r s , o il s ,
w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n te r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E
I n s ta l ls o r r e p a i r s w a te r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s of p ip e an d p ip e f ittin g s in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o u t of w o rk an d m e a s u r in g to lo ­
c a te p o s itio n of p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th e r w r itt e n s p e c if ic a tio n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s iz e s of p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l an d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s to c k s an d d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith co u p lin g s an d f a s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s ta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , an d s iz e of p ip e r e q u ir e d ; an d m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s to d e te r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a tio n s . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f itte r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g an d r e p a i r in g b u ild in g s a n it a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t in g ood o r d e r . W o rk in v o lv e s : K n o w led g e
of s a n it a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n of v e n ts an d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s te m ; in s ta llin g o r r e ­
p a ir in g p ip e s an d f ix t u r e s ; an d o p en in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e rie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O TIV E (M A IN TEN A N CE)

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN TE N A N C E

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r tr u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk i n ­
v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e of tr o u b le ;
d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t an d p e r f o r m in g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e of s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r t s f r o m s to c k ; g rin d in g an d a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b l in g an d in s ta llin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , an d m a in ta in s in good r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e ta l e q u ip m e n t an d f ix ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila to r s , c h u te s , d u c ts ,
m e ta l ro o fin g ) of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d la y in g
o u t a l l ty p e s of s h e e t - m e ta l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o.r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ;
s e ttin g up an d o p e r a tin g a l l a v a ila b le ty p e s of s h e e t - m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e ty of




15
S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E ----C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o l s i n c u tt i n g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t
tra in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s tru c ts a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a g e s , jig s , f ix tu re s o r d ie s fo r fo rg in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n i n g a n d
la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r ' s h a n d to o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d i n g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g of
m a c h i n e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f i t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . I n g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p a n d to o lr o o m p r a c tic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l a p p re n tic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d a t g a te
an d c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, a n d ille g a l e n try .
J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

(S w e e p e r;

p e rio d ic a lly in p ro te c tin g p r o p e r ty a g a in s t f ir e ,

OR CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts of m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p i n g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , a n d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f t h e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k i n g u p b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s ti n g w e i g h t a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p i n g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b i ll s of la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c ti n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s; r o u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a ry r e c o r d s an d file s .

c h a rw o m a n ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o lv e
a c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s ti n g e q u i p m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l i e s a n d m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LA BORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : L o a d i n g a n d u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n l o a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

c le rk

D r i v e s a t r u c k w i t h in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u f a c tu r i n g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p la c e s of b u s in e s s . M ay a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e lp e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k i n g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n t h e b a s i s of t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y . )

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e

s to c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w i t h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d it i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d i n d ic a ti n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it i o n a l s to c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n of s iz e s lis te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l ig h t ( u n d e r lV2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m ( l l/2 to a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d l e r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)

ORDER

R e c e iv i n g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w o rk ers a re

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h ip p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n t h e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n i ts t o b e p a c k e d , t h e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s t h e
p l a c i n g o f i t e m s i n s h ip p i n g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y i n v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t ; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t i f y i n g
d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e r a te s a
tra n s p o rt goods and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a l l y c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a ls of a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a ;re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru c k er,
T ru c k er,

p o w e r ( f o r k li f t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo rk lif t)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----T h e n in th a n n u a l r e p o r t o n s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys,
c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts,
d ir e c t o r s of p e rso n n e l, m a n a g ers of o ffice
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle tin 1617, N a tio n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 19 6 8 .
S ev en ty -fiv e
cents a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c te d a t th e
r e q u e s t of th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D iv is io n s of th e D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m
th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
the in sid e f ro n t c o v e r.

A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 9 1___________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 19 6 9 1---------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 -----B
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 19 6 9 ------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 19 6 9 1_____
P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ------------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 ______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 -----------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 _________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , M a r . 1969 1 --------------------------K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k I s la n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
O c t . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 _________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 19 6 9 1---------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1-------------------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 196 9 1 -----------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 -------------- H
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ________
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 19 6 9 1 ____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 19 6 9
_____-------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 — ____________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------------------------M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------

B u lletin n u m b er
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1625-89,
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1625-86,
1625-77,
1625-8,
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1625-65,
1625-6,
1625-15,
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1625-73,
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1660-9,
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35 c e n t s
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30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

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1660-8,
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1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1625-79,
1660-2,

30c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
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50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45c e n ts
30c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1625-33,
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1660-3,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
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D a ta o n e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v isio n s a re a lso p re s e n te d .




A rea
M uskego n — us k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ________
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , Jan. 1969______________
Ne w H a v e n , Conn., Jan. 1 9 6 9 __________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t Ne ws—
P
H a m p to n , V a . , June 1968_____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u ly 1968_______________________
O m a h a , N e b r . —Iow a, Oct. 1968 1 _______________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f to n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1969-------------------C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , Nov. 1968_____________________
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1969_____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1969_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g —W a s h ., M a y 1969_____________________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
P
W
M a y 1969 1 _____________________________________________
R a le ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969_______________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1969_____________________________
R o c h e s te r , N . Y . (offic e occupations only),
J u ly 1969-----------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1 9 6 9 _______________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1969 1________________________
Sa lt L a k e C i t y , Utah, Dec. 1968________________________
San An to nio , T e x . , June 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r side— n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
O ct. 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________________________
San Die go , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1968_______________
O
San Jos e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1969_______________________________
Sc ra nton , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
S e a t t l e ^ E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k . , O c t. 1968 1_______________________
South Bend, Ind ., M a r . 1969____________________________
Spokane, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1969_____________________________
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1 _____________
T o le d o , O hio— i c h . , F e b . 1969 1_______________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O ct. 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
U t i c a — o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1969__________________________
R
Washin gton , D . C . - M d . - V a . , Sept. 1968________________
W a t e r b u r y , Conn., M a r . 1969__________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 1968 1___________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s ., D ec. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1969---------------------------------------------Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969___________________________________
Youngstown— a r r e n , O hio , Nov. 1968_________________
W

B u lletin n u m b er
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60

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cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
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30
30
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35
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30

cents
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1625-74,
1660-6,
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35 cents
30 cents
30 cents

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30
30
50
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
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1660-7,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1660-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
35
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
30 cents
30 cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
35 cents
30cents
cents
cents
cents

35
35
35
30
35
30

30
30
30

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
B UR EA U OF LAB O R S T A T IS T IC S
WASHINGTON, D.C.
O FFICIAL




20212

BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

i----------------------------------- 1

I F IR S T CLASS M A IL I

I_________________________________________l


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102