View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area Wage Survey

The Tampa—St. Petersburg, Florida,
Metropolitan Area
August 1969

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

0 O S tO''

Vo

* REGION VIII
I

nebr

......

IO A
W

REGION VII

p \n

*\a<*e ' p b
REGION II

.......— X , MO

K a n s a s C ity (

h m e x

U.S.

OKU

BR.

VIRGIN ISLANDS
i

— - p

HAWAII
l -nijir-

^ ■

Im
';

PUERTO RICO

R eg io n II
R egion I
341 Ninth A ve.
1603-B Federal B uildings
New York, N. Y. 10001
Governm ent Center
Phone: 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2 (Area Code 6 17)

R eg io n III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
P h ilad elp h ia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 5 9 7 -7 7 9 6 (Area Code 215)

R egion IV
Suite 540
1371 P eachtree St. NE.
A tlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8 (Area Code 404)

R eg io n VI
R egion V
337 M ayflow er Building
219 South Dearborn St.
411 North Akard St.
C h icago, 111. 60604
D alla s, T ex. 75201
Phone: 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (Area Code 214)

R egions VII and VIII
Federal O ffice Building
911 W alnut St. , 10th Floor
Kansas C ity, Mo. 64106
Phone: 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (Area Code 816)

R egions IX and X
450 G olden Gate A ve.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 (Area Code 4 15)

* R egions VII and. VIII w ill be serv iced by Kansas C ity.
** R egions IX and X w ill be serv iced by San Francisco.



Area Wage Survey
The Tampa— Petersburg, Florida,
St.
Metropolitan Area




August

1969

B u lle tin

1 6 6 0 -7

D ecem ber 1969

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T he B u rea u of L abor S ta tis tic s p ro g ra m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , an d e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i le d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , an d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t io n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( l ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l le t in s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u l le t in s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s s t u d ie d in to
o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in f o r m a t io n w h ic h h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s and th e U n ite d S t a t e s .

A.

B.
N in e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n ia l l y .
T h is b u l le t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , in A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 . T h e S ta n d a r d
S
M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f
th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f H ills b o r o u g h
an d P i n e l l a s C o u n t ie s .
T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in A tla n ta , G a ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l
d i r e c t io n o f D o n a ld M . C r u s e , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r
fo r O p e r a t io n s .




5

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d ie d _______________________________________________________
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s ta n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________________________
O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :
A - 1. O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — e n an d w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n _______________
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s ___________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -------------------

4

6

7
9
10
11
12

E s t a b li s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o f f i c e
B -2 .
B -3 .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s ____________

15
16

B -5 .
B -6 .
B -7 .

P a id v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s _______________________
M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n an d f r e q u e n c y o f
p a y m e n t________________________________________________________

18
20

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------

areas.

N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s a r e a v a i la b le
(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r .)

f o r o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a il i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e T a m p a a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i la b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t io n ; p r in tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; an d
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , an d a l l i e d o c c u p a t io n s .

iii

21
22



V

Area Wage Survey---The Tampa—St. Petersburg, Fla., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o le s a l e tr a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d to f u r n is h in s u f f ic i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a tip n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s i o n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li­
c a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la t e s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l lo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e.g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s iv e o f p a y
fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d if f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g a n d , t h u s , c o n tr ib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
T he p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p r e a d or d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s fo r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh o u ld
n ot b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n tr ib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y fo r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e :
D iffe r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e
a c tu a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o ll e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly
w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n .
Job d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a llo w fo r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d o n a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g t h e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f job
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g
th e jo b t i t l e s a r e fo r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta fo r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b li s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
In clu d ed in the 90 areas are four studies co n d u c ted un d er c o n tra c t w ith th e N ew Y ork S tate
D ep artm en t of Labor. T hese areas are B ingham ton (N ew York po rtio n only); R o ch ester (o ffice o c c u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —R om e. In ad d itio n , the Bureau co nducts m ore lim ite d a rea studies
in 78 areas a t die req u est of th e W age and H our and P u b lic C ontracts D ivisions o f th e U. S. D e­
p a rtm e n t o f Labor.




1

I n fo r m a tio n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t io n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l iz e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e

2
w o r k in g f o r e m e n an d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f ic e f u n c t io n s .
" O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m
s a m p lin g te c h n iq u e s u s e d , an d th e p r o b a b ilit y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n tr a n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h ift d if f e r e n t i a l d a ta (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e l im i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , an d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l ly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t a t th e t i m e o f th e
su rv ey .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r ie d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o th e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .

T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k l y h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e th e r t h e y w e r e p a id fo r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n
p la n s ; and f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify fo r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f in d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 th r o u g h B - 7 m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
r o u n d in g .

D a ta o n p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e l im i t e d to d a ta o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n te d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d fo r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r il y g r a n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y an d th e w o r k e r i s n ot g r a n te d a n o th e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t
2
A n e sta b lish m e n t was co n sid e red as h av in g a p o lic y if it
ditions: (1) O p erated la te shifts a t the tim e of th e survey, or (2) h ad
la te shifts. An e sta b lish m e n t was co n sid ered as hav in g fo rm a l provisions
shifts during th e 12 m onths p rio r to the survey, or (2) h a d provisions in
la te shifts.




p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a l ly g r a n te d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) i s l i m i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It i s n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t fo r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s fo r p a y m e n t on
o th e r th a n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
t h o s e w h ic h o ffe r " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a tic a l" b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s ic
p la n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s io n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a ta on h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s fo r w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v id e d th r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s id e
fo r t h is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
if th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p la n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n tr ib u te to w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
L e­
g a l ly r e q u ir e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a il r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .

S i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l im i t e d to th a t ty p e of
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b i li t y .
I n fo r m a tio n i s
p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll s u c h p la n s to w h ic h th e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
H ow ­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s , 3 p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly if th e e m p lo y e r (1) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d th e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la tio n s o f p a id s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l im i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f th e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a r a te
t a b u la t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d in g to (1) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y
and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a it in g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t io n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e
e it h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

m e t e ith e r of th e fo llo w in g c o n ­
The te m p o rary d isab ility law s in C a lifo rn ia an d R hode Island do n o t req u ire e m p lo y e r
fo rm a l provisions co v erin g
co n trib u tio n s.
if it (1) h a d o p e ra te d la te
A n e sta b lish m e n t was co n sid ered as h av in g a fo rm a l p la n if it esta b lish ed a t le a s t the
w ritte n form fo r o p eratin g
m in im u m n u m b e r of days o f sick le a v e a v a ila b le to e a c h e m p lo y ee.
S uch a p la n n ee d n o t be
w ritte n , b u t in fo rm al sick le a v e allo w an ces, d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al basis, w ere e x c lu d ed .

3

M a jo r m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e in c lu d e s th o se p lan s w h ic h a r e d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y in v o lv in g
e x p e n s e s b e y o n d th e c o v e r a g e of b a s ic h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and
su rg ic a l p lan s.
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m ­
p lete o r p a r tia l p a y m e n t of d o c to rs ' fe e s .
S uch p lan s m a y be u n d e r ­
w ritte n by c o m m e r c ia l in s u ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o rg a n iz a tio n s
o r th e y m a y be p aid fo r by th e e m p lo y e r out of a fund s e t a s id e fo r
th is p u rp o se .
T a b u l a t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to
th o s e p la n s th a t p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a i n d e r of th e
w o r k e r 's life .

M eth o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n (ta b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s ic
t y p e s o f r a te s t r u c t u r e fo r w o r k e r s p a id u n d e r v a r io u s t i m e an d i n ­
c e n t iv e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a te s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a id
to a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d iv i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e lo w th e s i n g l e r a te




fo r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , bu t s u c h p a y m e n ts a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s th e m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a te p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s fo r th e s a m e jo b . I n fo r m a tio n a l s o i s p r o v id e d on th e
m e th o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n th r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a te s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l if i c a t i o n s o f th e in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m in e
th e p a y r a t e . I n fo r m a tio n on t y p e s o f in c e n t iv e p la n s i s p r o v id e d o n ly
fo r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f th e lo w i n c id e n c e o f s u c h p la n s fo r o f f ic e
w ork ers.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m in e d r a te i s p a id
fo r e a c h u n it o f o u tp u t. P r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c tio n
o v e r a q u o ta o r c o m p le t io n o f a jo b in l e s s th a n s ta n d a r d t i m e .
C om ­
p e n s a t io n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n ts b a s e d o n a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a lu e o f s a l e s , o r o n a c o m b in a tio n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .
D a ta
t a b le B - 7 .

on

fr eq u e n c y

of w age

paym ent

a ls o

are

p r o v id e d

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d i n T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 A u g u s t 1969
S
N u m b e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts

I n d u s tr y d iv is io n

M in i m u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
o f s tu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h i n s c o p e o f s tu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

S tu d ie d
T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

P e rce n t

T o ta l4

572

137

1 0 7 ,7 9 6

100

7 5 ,4 8 9

15, 7 8 4

5 6 ,7 9 7

50
-

178
394

55
82

4 1 , 447
6 6 , 349

38
62

30, 796
4 4 ,6 9 3

4 , 085
11, 699

2 4 ,0 7 1
32 , 726

50
50
50
50
50

36
64
165
49
80

13
11
29
11
18

13, 8 7 8
6, 9 2 6
2 9 ,6 6 2
6, 577
9, 306

13
6
28
6
9

2 , 098

1 1 ,4 2 1
1 ,3 1 5
15, 000
2 , 210
2, 7 8 0

A ll d i v i s i o n s __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 .
___
.. —
W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------------_
R e ta il t r a d e - _
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ------------S e r v i c e s 8 ______ ____
_ --------- ----------

O f f ic e

8 , 912
(‘ )
( 6)
(!)
( 6)

< >
()
( 6)

1 T h e T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f H i l l s b o r o u g h a n d P i n e l l a s C o u n t i e s .
S
The
" w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d i n t h e s u r v e y .
T he e s tim a te s a re
n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w i t h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u t l e t s ( w i th i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
T h e S t. P e t e r s b u r g t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n i c i p a l l y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c lu d e d b y d e f i n i t i o n f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s '! i n t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly i n e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " i n th e S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n i n f o o tn o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r i v c e s ; a u to m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g r e l i g i o u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); an d e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i te c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t w o - f i f t h s o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y i n t h e T a m p a — t.
S
P e t e r s b u r g a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s t h e m a j o r
in d u s tr y g ro u p s an d s p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u f a c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s __________________________ 2 4
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____19
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____8
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ___________8
C h e m ic a ls and a llie d
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------- 7
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______7
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ------------------6
A p p a re l a n d o th e r te x tile

C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _____15
C i g a r s ____________________________
8
C an n ed , c u re d , andfro z e n
f o o d s ___________________________
7
E le c tr o n ic c o m p o n e n ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s ____________________7
N e w s p a p e r s ______________________
5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d o n e s tim a te s of to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e riv e d f ro m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d iff e r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s fo r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s fo r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la t e s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s an d in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r ta n t j o b s w ith in
ea ch group.

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s 1 and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r io d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c te d
b e t w e e n J u ly I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b tr a c tin g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r io d to th e
d a te o f th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese e s tim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L im it a t io n s o f D a ta

M eth o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d o n i t s p r o p o r t io n a t e e m p lo y m e n t
in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p .
T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e ig h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n t s w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e .
T he a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lt ip lie d b y th e o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c ts fo r a l l o c c u p a t io n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e fo r
th e la t e r y e a r by th e a g g r e g a t e fo r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u lt a n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e in d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t iv e (100) b y th e r e l a t iv e
fo r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r an d c o n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t iv e b y th e p r e v io u s y e a r ' s in d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
fo r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a t io n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

T h e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f lu e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , an d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e r e s u l t in g f r o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e la b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e iv a b le
th a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S i m i la r l y , w a g e s
m a y h a v e r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y C o n sta n t, y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

O ffice c le r ic a l (m e n and w om en): O ffice c le ric a l ( m e n and w o m en )— S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en):
C arp en ters
C on tin u ed
B oo k k ee p in g -m ac h in e
E lectricia n s
S e c re ta rie s
operators, class B
M achinists
S tenographers, g en e ra l
C le ik s, a c c o u n tin g , classes
S te n o g ra p h e r, sen io r
M ech an ics
A and B
M ech an ics (a u to m o tiv e )
S w itchboard op erato rs, classes
C leiks, f ile , classes
P ainters
A and B
A , B, and C
P ip e fitte rs
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p erato rs,
C le ik s, order
Tool an d d ie m ak ers
class B
C le ik s, payroll
T ypists, classes A and B
C o m p to m e te r operators
U n sk illed p la n t (m en ):
K eypunch o p erato rs, classes
Jan ito rs, p o rters, and cle a n e rs
Industrial nurses (m e n and w om en):
A and B
Laborers, m a te r ia l h an d lin g
N urses, in d u strial (reg istered )
O ffice boys and girls
1
Indexes of earnings referre d to in this stan d ard te x t are p u b lish e d for m o st areas b u t n o t
Tam pa—
St. P etersburg b ec au se th e a re a w as n o t surveyed in th e b ase y e a r of th e in d e x series.




5

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e li m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n o t in f lu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t i m e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e fr o m
th
in e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

T a b le 2 .

P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e in S ta n d a r d W e e k ly S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r ly E a r n in g s fo r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l
G r o u p s in T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , fo r S e l e c t e d P e r io d s
S
M a n u fa c tu r in g

A ll in d u s tr ie s
P e r io d

O f f ic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tra d es
(m en )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w orkers
(m en )

O f f ic e
c le r ic a l
(m e n and
w om en)

I n d u s t r ia l
n u rses
(m e n and
w om en)

S k ille d
m a in t e n a n c e
tr a d e s
(m en )

U n s k ille d
p la n t
w orkers
(m e n )

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e
A u g u s t 1 9 6 8 t o A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 ______________
A u g u s t 1967 to A u g u s t 1 9 6 8 ______________
S e p t e m b e r 1966 to A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 ----------------

l

D a ta do n o t m e e t p u b lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .




4 .7
5. 2
6. 4

(
( )
(*)

4. 3
6. 6
2. 3

3. 4
11. 3
8. 1

3. 6
3. 8
4. 0

(
(M
(l )

5. 3
6. 2
2. 3

8. 0
9. 7
7. 9

7
A. O ccupational E arnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a ., A u g u s t 1969)
S
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—
Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

t

*
55

$

t

*

%

*

*

$

$

*

%

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

60

Sex. o c c u p a tio n , a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

-

“

12

-

4
2
2

3
3
-

17
6
11

-

12

s
no

t
115

$
120

$

$

$

$

$

$

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

and
under
t2Q

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

101
AO
61

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

$
$
1 2 7 .5 0 1 2 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0 1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0

$
$
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

-

-

-

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

167
147

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

_

_

_

-

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

75
61

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

6 5 .0 0 - 8 5 .5 0
6 4 . 5 0 - 8 8 .0 0

-

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------

29

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

74
58

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

8 0 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 - 8 7 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 - 8 8 .0 0

i
i

2
2
“

6
5
l

12
2
10

6
1
5

11
11
“

2
2

9
3
6

6
2
4

10
1
9

-

15
15

36
34

23
19

23
23

-

”

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

”

-

1
1

14
10

12
12

7
5

5
5

19
15

8
8

4

19
17

10
10

11
3

5
4

11
8

7
7

8
8

_
~

“

2
2

-

-

'

"

-

-

-

~

-

6

-

-

-

5

8

-

1

1
“

10
10

19
19

6
4

17
10

6

“

10
9

”

1
“

“

~

_

_

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ----------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

73
32
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

_
-

12

24

4

20
4

4

12

1

_

2

"

7
2
5

_

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

114
102

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------

237
79
158
47

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3---------

523
136
387
97

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 8 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---------

45

3 8 .5

8 3 .0 0

7 7 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

~

-

-

16

14

2

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------

185
162
62

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

7 1 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 - 8 4 .5 0
6 7 . 0 0 - 8 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0

-

23
19
“

64
60
10

23
21
9

14
14
5

18
12
3

15
12
11

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

139
117

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 - 7 4 .0 0
6 7 .0 0 - 7 4 .5 0

-

27
17

35
33

51
45

14
12

8
7

3
3

92
44
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

7 5 . 5 0 - 8 6 .5 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 8 6 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 - 9 0 .5 0

-

-

12

19
14
5

26
10
16

8
8
”

12

12

10
8
2

12

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

-

-

8
2
6

24
10
14

23
12
11

25
11
14

30
22
8

28
1
27

21
5
16

1

_

18

_

_
~

_

-

_

"

1
1

'

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
~

1
1

1
l

1
1

-

~

“
-

18

_

_

_
”

1

219
78
141

5
5

—

1

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

1
1

”

CLERKS, PAYROLL --MA NUFACTURING -NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG
S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b l e .




8 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

*

2
2

6
6

11
9

15
15

37
33

19
19

21
18

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

_
-

_
-

8
8
“

2
2
-

1
1

11
8
3
“

10
2
8

48
19
29
16

21
2
19
16

37
21
16
3

15
5
10
3

25
2
23
~

10
1
9
3

22
8
14
3

19
4
15
3

4
i
3
~

7 1 .5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
7 0 . 5 0 - 8 6 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 0 .0 0
6 7 .5 0 - 8 2 .5 0

-

74
12
62
41

98
36
62
10

67
11
56
11

56
17
39
2

50
9
41
“

24
3
21
*

10
4
6

11
2
9
”

9
i
8
8

~
~

9
9
7

1

*

-

1
1

3

1

2

3

i

3

-

-

-

-

12
8
8

5
5
5

5
5
5

6
6
6

1

1
1

-

-

~

3
3

-

-

13
1
12

2
2

i
i

-

40
9
31

2
l
1

“

7 8 .0 0 7 8 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

~

-

-

32
18
14
4

-

82
23
59
13

2

“

-

-

-

"

~
“

~

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

~

-

~

-

*

1
1
~

1
1
“

-

-

-

~

~

~

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , T a rn p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a ,, A u g u s t 1969)
S
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Average
weekly
hours1

$

$
55

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t

$

*

$

t

t

S

S

t

*

$

$

t

t

*

$

*

t

*

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

l? o

130

14Q

15Q

160

170

180

190

200

4

2
2

10
9

9
6

5
4

11
11

12
12

6
6

13
13

-

-

_
“

24
2
22

47
9
38

29
12
17

15
8
7

24
8
16

14
9
5

6
4
2

4
4

2
2

21
21

33
12
21

41
8
33

31
10
21

17
6
11

16
4
12

4
2
2

3
3

1
1

3
3
3

1
1
1

-

2
2

-

1
1
1

1
1
1

an d
under
60

WOMEN - CO NT IN UE D
COMP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

73
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
9 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

$
9 3 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

$
$
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

181
53
128

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

8 8 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

8 2 . 5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

-

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

172
45
127

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

8 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 7 . 5 0 - 8 9 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 8 8 .5 0

_
-

7 2 .0 0

~
*

~

-

13
1
12

3
~
3

4
4

1
1
-

1

1

~

_
*

1
1

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------

28

3 9 .0

7 1 .0 0

6 4 .5 0 - 7 6 .0 0

8

2

11

4

2

1

S E C R E T A R I E S 4--------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ! --------------

969
463
506
156

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 1 0 5 . 0 0 - 1 4 7 . 5 0

-

1

-

-

1
1

39
2
37
7

10
6
4

48
21
27
2

87
48
39
1

145
70
75
6

82
60
22
5

105
64
41
17

97
36
61
8

93
62
31
7

56
12
44
13

73
43
30
18

61
23
38
21

28
3
25
19

25
9
16
16

14
3
11
11

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

69
46

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 4 .0 0 - 1 3 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

21
20

*

5
5

i
i

8
6

2

14
8

9

2
2

1

~

4
2

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

168
45
123
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 2 . 0 0 - 1 2 4 . 5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0 1 1 9 . 0 0 - 1 6 1 . 0 0

-

13

8
2
6

15
15
~

13
2
11
3

8
5
3
“

33
2
31
6

15
6
9
5

ii
3
8
5

ii
i
10
10

6
4
2
2

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

271
97
174
51

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

_
-

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

461
298
163
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

342
82
260
97

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

9 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
7 5 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

138
40
98

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 8 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

52

4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0

8 9 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

128
109

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

7 6 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

6 7 . 0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 8 2 .5 0

16
16

SW IT CH BO AR D OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

188
68
120

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

7 8 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

7 2 . 5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 - 8 8 .0 0

_

7

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------

41

4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0

8 7 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




~

-

-

11

-

11

-

~
-

3
2
1

6
6

-

1

25

1
1

25
7

-

23

9
i
8
“

13
4

10
8
2
“

27
12
15
“

29
12
17
-

8
4
4
i

22
5
17
2

55
10
45
4

25
14
11
6

12
4
8
6

22
11
11
8

35
6
29
16

8
1
7
1

9
2
7
7

4
4

36
11
25
2

51
35
16
1

82
57
25
1

66
54
12
4

63
44
19
15

28
24
4
1

52
41
11
”

9
4
5
1

22
20
2
2

6
5
1
~

7
1
6
6

9
2
7
7

14
6
8
i

23
11
12
3

71
16
55
7

31
6
25
9

27
15
12
11

37
3
34
7

30
30
11

17
4
13
6

8
8
7

4

18

23
5

31
20
11
1

4

-

7
-

“

7

2
1
1

5
1
4

31
10
21

10
9
i

15
3
12

17
8
9

3
1
2

3
3

4
-

-

18

1

2

6

2

3

6

7

10
10

16
16

14
14

29
16

20
20

9
9

6
*

5
5

_

-

-

“

52
14
38

35
13
22

11
4
7

31
8
23

11
7
4

12
5
7

7
2
5

4
i
3

1
l

7

16
12
4

-

-

-

-

-

16

11

11

-

2

-

1

-

2
2

*

-

*
-

-

-

*

7

1
1

7
7

-

6

3

-

6

3

-

-

4
4

18
18

11
2
9

21
2
19

~

4

2

-

-

1

-

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

_

_

-

-

“

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
1
9
9

“
1
1
-

_

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s jand e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , T a m p a ~ S t. P e t e r s b u r g , A u g u s t 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f
*

S ex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

55
a nd
under

Middle range 2

60

65

70

*
75

60

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$

$

$

65

70

75

80

24
5
19

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

$
110

115

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

30
16
14

5
48

30
19
11

$

$

$
150

$
160

$
170

$
180

190

_ U 2 ________________160

170

180

190

200

120

$
130

$
140

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -MA NUFACTURING -NONMANUF AC TU RI NG
TYPISTS, CLASS B —
MA NU FACTURING -NONMANUF AC TU RI NG

300
94
206

$
0 3 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

$
8 5 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

$
$
7 6 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

7 0 . 5 0 - 8 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0 - 8 3 .0 0
7 1 . 0 0 - 8 3 .0 0

26
8
18

46
18
28

70
21
49

68
14
54

19
9
10

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y t o ta lin g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y t h e n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
th e n th e r a t e sh o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n th e r a t e sh o w n .
T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u rth o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r th e a r n m o r e th an
th e h i g h e r r a t e .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r t h a n th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te l y .

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , T a m p ar-S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a ., A u g u s t 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hour*1
( standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f
$

(
75

M ean2

Median 2

*
80

$
85

$
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 2 0 .5 0 1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0 1 2 8 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

145

150

160

170

180

190

200

$
$
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

2
2

3
1

2

3
3

1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0 1 4 7 . 0 0 1 5 6 .0 0 1 4 7 . 0 0 -

1 7 0 .5 0
1 7 1 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 -

1 5 2 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 9 8 .0 0 -

1 4 9 .5 0 -1 8 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------MA NUFACTURING -----------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

$
105

under

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------

$
100

Middle range 2

80____ 85____ 9fi____95
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

$
95

123
73

1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

19
11
23
13

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2, ta b l e A - l .




r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W omen Combined
(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v is io n , T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1969)
S
Average
O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard! (standard)

Average
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CO NT IN UE D

Average

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d i v is io n

Weekly
earning, 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

172
45
127

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

$
8 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

103
85

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

OFFJCE BOYS AND GI R L S -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------9 6 .5 0 j
9 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 S E C R E T A R I E S 3------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------8 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

980
464
516
161

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

338
119
219
55

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

70
46

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

545
151
394
98

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

168
45
123
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

CO MP U T E R OP ERATORS, CLASS A -

26

o
o
4-

1 2 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

8 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

60
42

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

281
97
184
56

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B -N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

46
35

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C --

32

*
o
o

O C C U P A T IO N S

Number
of

9 3 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

191
25
166
65

3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

461
298
163
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S A -------------

33

o
o
4-

1 7 7 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

139
117

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

9 5 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

259
64
195

347
82
265
102

51
31

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

ST EN OGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C -------------

33

1 5 8 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

9 5 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

89
69

227
82
145

138
40
98

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, SENIOR --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------S W IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

52

4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0

C O MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

73
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

128
109

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------

144
77
67
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

189
53
136

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERAT OR -R EC EP TI ONISTSM A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

188
68
120

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------

98
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

33

*
O
o

O F F IC E

Number
of

1 0 7 .5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -------- t -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

81
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

B O O K KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

73
32
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CL AS S B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

115
102

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CL AS S A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

$
8 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 ,

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------

70
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 6 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

TYPISTS, CL AS S A -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------

211
57
154

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

TYPISTS, CL AS S B -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------

300
94
206

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O C C U P A T IO N S

o
o

1 3 0 .5 0

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r | s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r t h a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is io n , T a m p a - S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—

Hourly earnings 1
$
1 .7 0

$
$
*
1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0

$
t
2 .1 0 2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

------- i — 1 ------ $
2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

*
$
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

1 .7 0

O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0 2 .1 0

2 .2 0 2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0 2 .8 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0 3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

-

-

$
1 .6 0
Mean2 Median 2

Middle range2

$
4 .5 3
3 .6 9
4 .5 6

55
27
28

$
3 .2 5
3 .2 9
3 .2 1

$
3 .2 4
3 .2 6
2 .8 8

$
2 .1 9 2 .6 9 2 .0 8 -

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

166
146

3 .7 6
3 .7 0

3 .9 2
3 .5 8

3 .2 5 - 4 .2 7
3 .2 4 - 4 .2 2

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY -----MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

129
68
61

3 .3 7
3 .8 6
2 .8 2

3 .1 5
4 .0 6
2 .7 4

2 .7 2 - 4 .3 2
3 .1 6 - 4 .8 3
2 .5 9 - 3 .0 8

-

HELPERS, MA INTENANCE TRADES
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

77
51

2 .6 4
2 .3 5

2 .4 2
2 .2 5

2 .1 7 - 3 .4 1
2 .1 5 - 2 .4 8

1
1

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

70
57

3 .6 8
3 .7 0

3 .7 8
4 .0 9

3 .3 6 - 4 .1 5
3 .3 2 - 4 .1 7

_

“

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------

514
119
395
186

3 .1 5
2 .6 7
3 .3 0
3 .6 8

3 .1 4
2 .5 7
3 .2 1
4 .0 6

2 .6 8 2 .1 9 2 .9 2 3 .0 8 -

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

508
407
101

3 .4 6
3 .3 8
3 .7 4

3 .5 4
3 .5 1
3 .6 9

3 .0 5 - 4 .0 5
2 .9 7 - 4 .0 3
3 .3 9 - 4 .2 5

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE -----MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------

47
28

3 .2 1
3 .7 2

3 .2 9
3 .7 4

2 .7 9 - 3 .7 6
3 .2 7 - 3 .8 0

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------MA NUFACTURING ------------

74
74

3 .9 3
3 .9 3

3 .9 7
3 .9 7

3 .7 3 - 4 .1 8
3 .7 3 - 4 .1 8

-

-

“

9

_

-

3
2
1

-

9

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

8

_

-

8

-

*

“

“

2
2

i
i

5
1

2
2

13
13

_

-

-

_

2
2

28
13
15
4

_
-

_

_

-

-

_

*
-

-

-

-

-

6
3
3

1
1

_

1

_

“

11
9
2
“

-

-

2
2
“

16
5
11

1
-

1

“
-

_
-

-

-

4
4
-

8

-

_

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




$
t
*
t
4 . 2 0 4* 40 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0

and
under

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE --MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

3 .6 0
3 .1 6
4 .0 5
4 .1 9

~ i------- 1

t

18
16
2
-

“

4
2
2

1

9
8
1

1
1
~

1
-

24
24

22
22

28
12
16

-

“

10
2
8

12
5
7

5
4
1

3
3
-

_

20

_

11
11

8
8

8

8

-

-

-

8

8

11
11

3
3

6
6

-

1
1

-

-

-

“

12
10

_

_

-

-

_

8
8

_

_

”
2
-

2
-

_

“

-

-

22
22
"

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

”
_

*

-

-

-

15
2

5
5

23
23

6
6

4
4

68
3
65
65

43

3

_

_

-

“

-

43
43

3
“

-

137
121
16

32

-

4
4
“

-

32

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

9
8
i

10
2
8
“

2
-

40
40

12
12
“

18
16
2

51
36
15

60
54
6

80
76
4

30
7
23

4
4
-

_

3

_

7
4

6
6

4
*

12
12

-

4
4

_

8
8

14
14

14
14

_

"

-

91
8
83
27

-

*
-

12
8
4

79
11
68
5

-

7
4
3

5 .0 0

16
16

9
8
1

61
7
54
25

-

_

_
-

14
4
10
-

-

8

42
24

20
7
13
13

2

8

2
2
22
22

26
16
10
4

25
25
“

i

-

4 . 60 4 . 8 0

9
9

10
6
4
“

i

-

“

-

13
12

_
-

-

-

12
12

4
4
-

“

3
3

4
4

*

1

*

-

3 .0 0

-

-

-

20
20

14
14

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv is io n , T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a ., A u g u s t 1969)
S
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f
O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d i n d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

t
$
f
$
S
*
»
t
$
t
$
*
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2 .10 2 .20 2.30 2. AO 2.50 2 .60 2.70
Mean3

Median1

s
s
s
$
*
$
s
$
i
$
2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.AO 3.60 3.80 A . 00 A . 20

Middle range3 *
and
1. 60 u n d e r
1.70 1.80 1,90 2.00 2.10 2 .20 2 .30 2.AO 2- 50 2.60 2 .70 2.80

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN:
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

157

$
2-19

$
2.10

$
$
2.02- 2.A9

GUARDS:
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

12A

2.25

2.09

2.03- 2.58

“
-

16

4

A

3

53

27

1

2

9

9

A

A

A

3

53

9

1

1

9

7

-

2.90 3.00 3.10 _3.£0| 3.AO 3.$Q 3.80 A . 00 A . 20 A.AO

29

29

WATCHMEN:
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

33

1.97

2.13

1.67- 2.18

-

12

-

-

-

-

18

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ---------------

1,321
303
1,018
91

1.83
2.23
1.70
2.18

1.70
2.19
1.67
2.2A

1.6A2.021.631.9A-

2.0A
2.A3
1.77
2.32

87
87
“

60A
25
579
8

1A5
12
133
A

61
8
53
6

60
17
A3
12

85
62
23
“

A7
31
16
3

102
60
A2
33

32
2
30
19

A6
A3
3

12
11
1
“

2

-

2
”

15
9
6
6

-

7
7
“

_
-

-

16
16
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

170
150

1.71
1.70

1.67
1.66

1.63- 1.73
1.63- 1.7A

1A
1A

110
95

1A
12

A
4

1
1

1
1

21
21

2
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

LABORERS, MA TERIAL H A ND LI NG -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

1,276
320
956

2.10
2.19
2.07

1.91
1.93
1.91

1.76- 2.A3
1.75- 2.50
1.76- 2.40

-

121
20
101

3A2
11A
228

168
2A
1AA

58
8
50

88
10
78

33
21
12

A8
7
A1

71
7
64

86
30
56

25
25

23
10
13

6A

10
10

63
63

73
69
4

3
3

-

64

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

189
158

2.16
2.22

2.08
2.23

1.85- 2.A5
1.88- 2.50

“

5
-

13
1

55
50

5
“

21
21

“

28
2A

8
8

16
16

4
4

2A
2A

3
3

_

_

_

_

6
6

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

105
9A

1.89
1.86

1.81
1.79

1.73- 2.05
1.73- 1.98

“

1A
1A

37
37

18
18

4
3

13
11

5
“

2
_

2
1

7
7

-

3
3

R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

126
A7
79

2 .5 A
2.68
2 .A 6

2 .6 2
2.62
2 .6 2

2 .0 7 - 2 .7 0
2.35- 2.73
1 .9 0 - 2 .6 9

_
~

_
~

1

2

2

7
2
5

6
A
2

6
A
2

A2
1A
28

4
A

2

8
7
1

-

1

23
A
19

6
6

6
6

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

7
7
-

_
-

SHIP PI NG C L ER KS ----------------------

26

3.27

3.25

2.60- A . 12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

5

A

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

2

2

6

1

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

2, A53
530
1,923
690

2.53
2.16
2.63
3.07

2.20
2.03
2.A9
3.90

1.891.861.912.07-

3.15
2.A2
3.AA
3.95

9
9
“

30
8
22
“

361
50
311
A

2A2
118
12A
2A

190
79
111
A

297
33
26A
208

96
72
2A
“

56
20
36
“

64
13
51
6

38
28
10
6

92
37
55
2A

95
4
91
6

88
3
85
18

9A
12
82
2A

A9
20
29
18

27
27

2A
20
4
”

AA
1
A3
“

187
12
175
"

18
18
“

352
352
3A8

_
-

_
_

-

-

*

"

TR UC KDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ;
--------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

198
32
166

1.9A
2.38
1.86

1.80
2.35
1.78

1.73- 1.97
1.86- 2.85
1.72- 1.95

9
9

15

78
2
76

18
11
7

AO
AO

1
1
“

6

3
3
~

_
”

7
7

2
2

_
“

6
6

2
2
~

_
-

“

_
“

.
-

~

10
10
“

_
-

6

1
1
”

_

15

TR UC KDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

7A8
127
621

2.56
2.07
2.66

2.20
1.87
2.31

1.86- 3.A9
1.80- 2.17
1.89- 3.91

_
-

A
A

97
32
65

1A7
A9
98

A1
1
AO

57

28
20
8

A1
5
36

A7
2
A5

3
3
~

2A
2A

1A
1
13

11
1
10

2
2
~

5
5

2
2

4
4

26
1
25

11
10
1

12
12

172
172

TR UC KD RI VE RS , HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,03A
1A0
89A

2.80
2.39
2.86

2.7A
2.A6
2.83

2.07- 3.A6
2.19- 2.57
2.06- 3.A8

_

9
8
1

99

3

187
20
167

18
8
10

6
6
-

28
2A
A

37
37

75
3
72

57

58
58

26
20
6

25
25

_
-

12

17A
17A

6
6

180

3

20
“
20

1A
1A

99

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le .




-

57

2

"

57

-

5
5

_
-

-

12

“

-

180

“

-

-

_
-

-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a ., A u g u s t 1969)
S

1
2
3
4
5

D a ta l im it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d l a t e s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




14
B.

E stablishm ent P ractices and Supplem entary W age P rov ision s

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W orkers

( D is tr ib u tio n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1969)
S
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is ts

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

A ll
in d u s trie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 of—

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ------------------------------------------------------

137

55

XXX

82

XXX

137

55

XXX

82

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m -------------------------

26

11

10

15

11

43

19

18

24

18

u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
o v e r ----- --------------------------------------------------------------

2
14
2
4
2
2
-

_
4
1
3
1
2
-

_
3
1
3
1
2
-

2
10
1
1
1
-

_
8
1
1

_
7
4
1
3
1
2
1

_
6
4
1
3
1
2
1

2
16
3
1
1
1

_
14
2
1
1

-

-

-

1
-

2
23
7
2
4
2
2
1

-

*

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------------

5

2

XXX

3

XXX

14

7

XXX

7

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y ------ ------------------------------------------------------------------

106

42

XXX

64

XXX

80

29

XXX

51

XXX

$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s t h a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s i n s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d . *







Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is i o n s f o r m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t ia l ,
T a m p a —S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1 9 6 9 )
( A ll p l a n t w o r k e r s i n m a n u f a c t u r i n g - 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t of m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b l is h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
f o r la te s h if ts

L a te - s h if t p a y p r o v is io n

A c tu a lly w o rk in g o n la te s h if ts

S e c o n d s h if t

T o ta l

______________________________________

.

N o p a y d if f e r e n t ia l f o r w o rk on la te s h if t — P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ______

T h ird o r o th e r
s h if t

S e c o n d s h ift

64. 5

45. 8

1 2 .3

4. 1

_

T h ird o r o th e r
s h if t

5. 0

1 .0

_

_

60. 4

45. 8

n . 2

5. 0

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________

38. 0

28. 2

7 .0

3. 4

1. 2
3. 7
2. 4
19. 2
1. 2
1 .6
1. 1
2. 5
3. 2
2. 1
-

. 2
.6
.4
3. 8
. 2
. 3
. 2
.6
. 2
. 5
-

-

1.
8.
1.
1.
1.
2.
1.
4.
3.
2.

18. 2

14. 4

T y p e an d a m o u n t of d iffe re n tia l:

c e n t s ________________________________
7 c e n t s ___________________________________
8 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s ----------------------------- ------ ---------------11 c e n t s __________________________________
12 c e n t s - ------------------------------- -------I 2 V2 c e n t s ---------------------------14 c e n t s __________________________________
1 5 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------- _ _
16 c e n t s ---------------------------- --------------------2 0 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------21 c e n t s _________________________________
2 V2

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _______________________

2

3
2
2
9
5
9
5
2
5

_

-

. 1
. 8
(2 )
. 2
. 5
.4
. 3
. 7
.4

4. 1

1. 4
-

.9
. 5
.2

5 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ________________________________
1 5 p e r c e n t -------------- ----------------------------------

1 .9
16. 3
-

10. 4
4. 1

. 5
3. 7
-

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s -------------

2. 5

1. 5

. 1

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________

1 .6

1 .6

1 In c lu d e s a ll p la n t w o r k e r s in e s ta b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g ,
th o u g h th e e s ta b l is h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a tin g l a t e s h if t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e rc e n t.

o r h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e

s h ifts ,

even

16

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s '
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , T a m p a —S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------3 7 V h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------2
3 8 3 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------/4
40 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s --------------------------------45 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 45 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s --------------------------------48 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------50 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------54 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 54 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

3
5

6

-

-

-

-

70
2
3
2
9
1
2
2

77
2
1
5
4
2
3

96
-

-

4

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

1
17
3
77
1
1
( 5)
-

8

-

100
-

-

-

' S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e t h e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f t h e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d t o w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




-

-

90
2
-

-

ra te s .

17

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a ll y , T a m p a r - S t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------

79

83

97

99

99

100

21

17

3

1

1

-

N u m b e r of d a y s
h o l id a y ___________________________________________
h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------3 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------4 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------5 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 a n d 3 h a l f d a y s ----------------------6 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 3 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s ip lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------1 0 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------1 1 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------1
2

(4 )

1

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

(4 )

-

7
13
39

25
1

17
3
(4)
5
(4 )
(4 )
18

2

19
17
4
(4 )
2
1
1

1

3

1

24
4
3
14
-

6

33
5

22
2
6

3
(4 )

-

1

2

-

1
1

2
2
11

-

15
(4 )
16
3
12
2

6

8

33

4

1

24
3

~

(4 )
18

-

-

-

-

16
7

52

22

(4 )

-

-

-

2

-

2
2

_

T o t a l h o l id a y t i m e 5
1 1 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------772 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------6 */2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------5 V2 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r [ m o r e -----------------------------------------------------4 d a y s o r m o r e — .-------------------------------------------------3 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e _____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
a n d no

5
24
24
30
32
49
50
75
76
77
79
79

36
38
39
44
60
60
80
82
82
82
83

-

5
38
38
77
77
90
90
97
97
97
97
97

(4 )
3
10

32
37
51
55
79
80
98
98
98
99
99

30
46
63
65

-

(4)
53
53

68

86
86

85
85
99
99
99
99
99

100
100
100
100
100

94
94

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d it i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s t h a t a d d t o t h e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w i t h 9 f u ll d a y s
h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d so on.
P r o p o r tio n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations'

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n of p la n t a n d o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1969)
S
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

92
89
2
-

90
85
4
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

98
98
-

100
100
-

8

10

-

(5 )

2

-

9
10
1
3

21
7
(5 )

26
-

5
28
6
3

10
26
3
1

_
45
-

2
64
23
2

2
69
18
-

35
65
-

28
68
3

26
72
-

25
75
-

2
29
3
55
2

2
41
6
40
-

19
81
-

10
(5 )
86
3

_
18
1
80
-

10
_
90
-

1
14
2
68
1
3
2

2
20
4
54
3
6
-

3
97
-

3
(5 )
89
2
2
3

8
(5 )
77
7
5
-

_
3
97
-

1
14
2
67
1
4
2

2
20
4
54
3
6
-

3
97
-

3
(5)
89
2
2
3

8
(5)
77
7
5
-

3
97
-

1
7
(5)
68
4
7
3

2
4
1
63
9
9
2

96
4
"

2
(5)
77
8
9
4

4
(5)
63
22
8
2

_
97

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p ay m en t
__
___
P e rc e n ta g e p ay m en t
_ ________ __ __ _____
O t h e r ______ _____________ — ________ . . . .
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
. . — . . ___
no p a id v a c a tio n s
. . . . . ___
A m o u n t of v a c a tio n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _____________ — - - — _______
1 w**ek— ____ ______________ ___
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks _ —
2 w e e k s _ ----------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ______________ ____ _____ _______ ___ __
1 w eek
--- --------- —
_ — _ --------- — —
2 w eeks
— __ — ----— —
___
4 w e e k s ____________________ _______________ ___
A fte r 2 y e a rs of s e rv ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __
___
_ _ __ _ — — — —
1 w e e k - ___________________ ____________________ _____ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________ __ ______________
4 w eeks
________________
— --------------------------

_

A fte r 3 y e a rs of s e rv ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k — ___ ___________ ___ ______ ________
1 w e e k — __________________________ - ________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____ ____ ___________
2 w eeks
___
_ __ - -------- ------ --- — _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s __ ________________ _________________________
4 w e e k s --------------- ----------- ------------------------ _ __
A fte r 4 v e a rs of s e rv ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k - —--,.
_______
1 w eek
__________________ _____
___________ .
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s - _______________________
2 w p filts
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — _____________________
3 w e e k s _______________________ -___ ____ _____ _______
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------A f te r 5 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w eek .
__ _______ . .
. ____ ___
1 w ppk ...
___
. ___ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ___ ____ __ ________ _____________________ ___
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eeks
____________________
3 w eeks .
_________________________ _________ ___
4 w eeks
— __ — _ — ___ __ - —
S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




-

3
-

19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1969)
S
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

i
6
42
38
4
1

2
2
45
36
2
2

_
_
45
55

1
6
35
44
4
1

2
2
41
40
2
2

6
_
94
_

1
6
31
46
7
1

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a v 6---- C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __ __ ______ . . . „ __ . . . „
1 w eek
_
2 w e e k s _ — _______________________________ __ __
4 w e e k s — __ ___________ ___________ __ __ _
5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

2
38
55
4
(5 )

3
23
70
1
2

-

_
2
26
3
64
4
(5 )

_
3
18
_
75
1
2

2
2
30
47
7
2

6
85
9
-

2
23
69
6
(5 )

_
3
14
72
8
2

1
6
30
29
23
2

2
2
29
32
20
4

_

_

-

6
39
55
-

2
22
35
40
1

.
3
14
26
52

1
6
29
23
29
3

2
2
29
26
26
4

_
_
6
89
5

2
22
24
51
1

-

41
59
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _ _____ __ ___
_ ______ ____
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w eeks _
_
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w eeks _
3 w eeks
_
____ __
____ __ ___ __ _
4 w eeks
_, _
5 w eeks
______
_ ___ _ __

_
11
_
89
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___
___ __ „ _____
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________ _
5 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

_
_
11
88
(5 )

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ------------------------------------- - __
_
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________ _
4 w eeks
5 w eeks
__ ___ ___ ______
__ _ ____________

3

|
' _
11
35
54
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e 7
U n d e r 1 w e e k - ________________________ __________
1 w e e k ___
..
___ ____________ ____________
2 w e e k s __ _________________________________________ _
3 w e e k s __ __________________________________________
4 w eeks
_
_
_______ __ ___ _________

.

3
14
25
53

_
11
2
87

4

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly .
E x c lu d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a tio n b o n u s , v a c a tio n - s a v in g s , a n d th o s e p la n s w h ic h o f fe r " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a tic a l" b e n e fits b e y o n d b a s ic p la n s to w o r k e r s
w i t h q u a li f y in g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s i n t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e i n d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh o w n s e p a r a te l y .
*
5 L e s s t h a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r t h a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t t h e i n d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s i n p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 E s t i m a t e s o t p r o v i s i o n s f o r 25 a n d 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e i d e n t i c a l .




20

Table B-6.

H ealth, Insurance, and P ension Plans

( P e r c e n t of p la n t an d o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s tr i e s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f its , T a m p a— t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u st 1969)
S
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e of b e n e f i t a n d f i n a n c i n g 1
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

A n w o r k e r s ___________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o rk e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 of t h e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e lo w
- - ------

92

92

97

98

97

98

81
52

80
56

91
79

92
54

90
50

96
66

46
28

48
33

46
34

61
32

47
23

55
25

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _________________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s - ____________________
A c c id e n ta l d e a th a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ___________________ _ ______ ______
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o th 5

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

55

48

74

79

80

85

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s __________________
S ic k l e a v e ( fu ll p a y a n d n o
w a i ti n g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r tia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) .

36
23

37
29

18
12

34
19

49
29

7
6

13

11

29

54

68

53

11

3

35

11

1

30

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e - _ ___ _
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e
— ______________
__
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s ______________ ___
M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n - ________
________ ___
N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s _____________________

89
47
87
45
85
43
59
25
46
30

92
59
92
53
89
51
57
33
46
37

97
81
97
81
91
81
40
32
74
61

96
44
• 96
41
93
38
80
30
70
39

97
52
97
40
96
39
71
33
68
53

98
65
98
65
98
65
52
23
82
51

1 E s t im a te s l is te d a f t e r ty p e of b e n e fit a r e f o r a ll p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t of th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r.
" N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n ly t h o s e p l a n s f in a n c e d
e n t i r e l y b y t h e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s ta t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e i n d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh o w n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
t h e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y t h a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n i n d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




21

Table B-7.

Method o f W age Determination and Frequency o f Payment

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t an d o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m e th o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a ti o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , T a m p a — t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g u s t 1 9 69)
S
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

_

-

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

90
52
23
29

90
61
36
25

100
97
37
60

99
48
3
45

100
48
2
46

100
84
2
83

11

3

57

11

4

42

6

10

3

16

40

40

12
38
10
4
3
1
1
1
(5)
4

12
28
10
10
8
2
-

3
-

18
51
1

2
52
-

( 5)
16
-

-

-

-

-

( 5)

-

84
11
5
(5)

96
4
(5)
-

21
58
22
-

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a i d t i m e r a t e s ___________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y -----------------------------------------S in g le r a t e ___________________________ ___ _
R a n g e o f r a t e s - - ________ ___
_____
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d o n a u to m a ti c
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
________ - _____
le n g th o f s e r v ic e
P r o g re s s io n b a s e d on m e r it
re v ie w
P r o g re s s io n b a se d on a
c o m b in a tio n of le n g th of
s e r v ic e and m e r i t re v ie w
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y _________________________
P a id b y in c e n tiv e m e th o d s
P ie c e r a te
. . .
I n d iv i d u a l
G r o u p _______________________________________
P r o d u c tio n b o n u s —
- _
I n d i v i d u a l ___________________________________
G ro u p
— . ___ ____________ . . . .
__ —
C o m m is s io n

M e th o d o f d e t e r m i n i n g i n c e n t i v e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n c y of w age p ay m en t
W e e k ly
B i w e e k ly
S e m im o n th l y
M o n th ly
O th e r fre q u e n c y

44
27
21
8

1 F o r a d e s c r ip tio n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e te r m in a tio n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , i n a d d it i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




60
12
16
13

15
70
13
2

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r t h e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w h o a r e e m p l o y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s t h e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t .
B e c a u s e of th is e m p h a s is on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n te n t , t h e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e i n u s e in
i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly i n g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i ll s , a n d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b i l l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h i n e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b il li n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h i n e (M o o n H o p k i n s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b i n a ti o n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p i n g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l l y i n v o lv e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p i n g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d o n t h e b i l l i n g m a c h i n e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s o f t h e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o f te n d o n e o n a f a n f o ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f t h e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o lv e s t,he s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y of f ig u r e s on c u s to m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t i n v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n i f o r m
a n d s ta n d a r d ty p e s of s a le s a n d c r e d i t s li p s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ( R e m i n g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C la s s A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith t h e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t i n g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e of th e w o rk .
M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C la s s B. K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o re p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s i n c l u d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s ( n o t i n c l u d i n g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r t h e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c ti o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b il it y f o r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g to o n e p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o lv e s p o s ti n g a n d b a la n c i n g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m i n in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s j u d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k i n g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d j u s t i n g , a n d
c lo s i n g j o u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t i n g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta i n in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
m a te ria l su ch a s c o rre s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r i o u s t y p e s i n c o n ju n c t io n
a ll g ro u p of lo w e r le v e l f ile c l e r k s .

C la s s B. S o r ts , c o d e s , an d f il e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te ria l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f il in g of m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f ile s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f ill o u t w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c le r ic a l a n d m a n u a l ta s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e , o r p e rs o n a lly .
D u t i e s in v o lv e a n y c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k i n g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s t o m a k e u p t h e o r d e r ; c h e c k i n g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t i e s o f i t e m s o n o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r tm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d i t r a tin g of c u s to m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t of o r d e r s f r o m c u s to m e r s ,
f o llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

CLERK,

PA YRO LL

C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on t h e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t i e s i n v o lv e : C a l c u l a t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c t i o n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s ti n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c ti o n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k i n g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M ay u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h i s
jo b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r ty p e of c l e r k , w h ic h m a y i n v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h i n e i s i n c i d e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u tie s .
KEYPU NCH O PER A TO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a ti o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s t o k e y p u n c h t a b u l a ti n g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t , i n a d d it i o n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p l i c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k ills a n d th e m a k in g of s o m e d e te r m in a tio n s , fo r e x a m p le , lo c a te s o n th e s o u rc e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m i n e i n f o r m a t i o n t o b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e rie n c e d o p e r a to r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t i n e a c c o u n t i n g o p e r a t io n s - s u c h
a s p o s ti n g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s ti n g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s ti n g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n t i n g d a t a . T h i s jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t i n g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d i n o f f i c e s in w h ic h t h e m o r e r o u t i n e
a c c o u n t i n g w o r k i s s u b d iv i d e d o n a f u n c t i o n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f il e s , c la s s if i e s and in d e x e s file
m e n ts , e tc . M ay a ls o f ile th is
w ith t h e f i l e s .
M ay le a d a s m

22

23
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n t in u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b i n a t i o n k e y p u n c h m a c h i n e t o k e y p u n c h t a b u l a ti n g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d i n d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t i o n ,
e tc ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

d . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a n i n d iv i d u a l p l a n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d l e
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o f te n i n v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s C

O F F I C E BO Y O R G I R L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SECRETARY
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to o n e i n d iv i d u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h i g h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p t o t h e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f t h e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y i n d e ­
p e n d e n tl y r e c e i v i n g a m i n i m u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u i d a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c l u d i n g m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s t e l e p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s r o u tin e in q u ir ie s , a n d r o u te s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
t o t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a i n t a i n s
t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r t o s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h i c a n d t y p in g w o r k .
M ay a ls o p e r f o r m o th e r c le r ic a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u t i n e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a te d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N o t a ll p o s itio n s th a t a r e title d " s e c r e ta r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o ll o w s ; (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d i n s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s t o a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s i n w h ic h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t i n e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e t h a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in t h e d e f i n i ti o n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o ll o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c ti v it ie s . T h e t it le " v ic e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e of th is r o le , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y o n i n d iv i d u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g ., a p p r o v e o r d e n y i n d iv i d u a l l o a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv i d u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g t h e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A
a ll,

a. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s ,

th e c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

a. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t of a co m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in
a ll, fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r ( o th e r thstn th e c h a ir m a n of th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d ia te ly b elo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i th e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a te - w id e f u n c tio n a l a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , i n d u s tr i a l r e l a tio n s , e tc .) o r a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ;
a m a jo r d iv isio n ) of a co m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r




a.
S e c r e t a r y t o a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a l e n t
to on e of th e s p e c if ic le v e l s itu a tio n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c la s s B, b u t w h o s e s u b o rd in a te s ta f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d i v id e d i n t o o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f te n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv i d e d . I n s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l i n c l u d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c to r y , e tc . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f i c ia l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d of a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n a l u n it ( e .g ., fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; m:
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e rv is o ry s ta ff s p e c ia lis t, p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in i s t r a ­
tiv e o f fic e r , o r a s s i s ta n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e rt.
(N O T E ; M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r t h a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h i s l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN O G RA PH ER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u t y i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r i n s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a ls o ty p e f r o m w r itte n co p y . M ay m a in ta in f il e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a ti v e ly
r o u tin e c le r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h i c p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c l u d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S ee tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)

STENOG RA PHER,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u t y i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv i n g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
su c h a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h f r p m one o r m o re p e rs o n s e ith e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o t y p e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy.
M ay a ls o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f il e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y t h a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i d e n c e d b y t h e f o llo w in g ; W o rk r e q u i r e s h i g h d e g r e e o f
s te n o g r a p h i c s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d of th e s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s t h i s k n o w le d g e i n p e r f o r m i n g s te n o g r a p h i c d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a i n t a i n i n g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e tc .; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c tio n s ; r e a d in g a n d ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s tio n s , e tc .
D o e s n o t in c l u d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r f o r m s f u ll te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o lle c t, o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a lls , e i th e r in a d d itio n to
d o in g ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u ll- tim e
a s s ig n m e n t. ( " F u ll" te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w h en th e e s ta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i ly u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e
of o v e rla p p in g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s , an d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to
w h ic h e x te n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a te f o r c a lls .)
C la s s B . O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p la n t o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is ta n c e c a lls an d r e c o r d to l ls .
M ay p e r f o r m lim ite d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e . (" L im ite d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v ic e
o c c u r s if th e fu n c tio n s of th e e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u tin e , e .g ., g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c if ic n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a to r .)

24
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ----C o n tin u e d

I n a d d it i o n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c ts a s r e c e p tio n is t a n d m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c le r ic a l w o rk a s p a r t of r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e t h e m a j o r p a r t o f t h i s w o r k e r 's t i m e w h i l e a t
s w itc h b o a r d .

C la s s C . O p e r a te s s im p le ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c l u d e s i m p l e
w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e s p o r t i o n s o f a w o r k
u n i t , f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv i d u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r i e ty of ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a lly
i n c l u d i n g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s t h e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a rid o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w i t h o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d i f f ic u l t
w irin g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h i c h o f te n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g ty p e r e ­
q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s i n m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s io n of th e w o r k an d p r o d u c tio n of a g ro u p of t a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B . O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e le c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d i t i o n to t h e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h i s w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c l u d e t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u l a t i o n s i n v o lv in g a r e p e t i t i v e
a c c o u n t i n g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p l e t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t i n g s tu d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u ch r e p o r t s an d s tu d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c l u d e t h e t r a i n i n g o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in t h e b a s i c
o p e r a tio n of th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n i n v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t i n e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t i n c l u d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s of v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o t h e r p e r s o n . M a y in c l u d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e i n d u p l ic a ti n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m i n g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h e n i t
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n l a n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p l a n n i n g l a y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n i f o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y t y p e r o u t i n e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t i n e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t i n g u p s i m p l e s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CO M PU TER O PERA TO R

CO M PU TER PR O G R A M ER ,

M o n ito r s a n d o p e r a te s th e c o n tr o l c o n s o le of a d ig ita l c o m p u te r to p r o c e s s d a ta a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t i n g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o r k i n c l u d e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g ;
S t u d ie s i n s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m i n e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; l o a d s e q u ip m e n t w i t h r e q u i r e d
i t e m s ( ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t i n to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d j u s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r t o c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c ia l c o n d itio n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a tio n a n d d e te r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b le m
t o s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a i n t a i n s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p ro g ra m .

C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a i l e d i n s t r u c t i o n s w h ic h a r e r e q u i r e d to s o lv e t h e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t i c d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , t h e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s t h e p r e c i s e
i n s t r u c t i o n s w h i c h , w h e n e n t e r e d i n to t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d l a n g u a g e , c a u s e t h e m a n i p u ­
l a t i o n o f d a t a t o a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e
o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g ic e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b j e c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a l y z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f t h e p r o b l e m t o b e p r o g r a m e d .
D e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s , w r i t e s d e t a i l e d flo w c h a r t s to s h o w o r d e r in w h ic h d a ta w i l l b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h i n e t o f o llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c t i o n r u n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t to n e w r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a i n t a i n s r e c o r d s of
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o t h s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s if t h i s i s t h e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u te r o p e ra to rs

a re

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s ;

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t l y , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w i t h m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d a n d
in tr o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n ts a r e of c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to m in im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e
p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x d e s i g n s o t h a t i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o f te n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g
k n o w le d g e o f t h e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g iv e
d i r e c ti o n a n d g u id a n c e to lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n t ly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g
p r o g r a m s w i t h m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f t h e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n r u n s , ty p ic a lly ru n on a r e g u la r ly r e c u r r in g b a s is ; th e r e is l it tl e o r no te s tin g
of n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u ir e d ; a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v id e d in c a s e o r ig in a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w i t h in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a t i o n s ,
d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c ti o n . T h i s u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s a p p ly i n g p r e v i o u s l y p r o ­
g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s .

B U S IN E S S

D o e s n o t i n c l u d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n of
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a ta p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w i t h
s c ie n tif ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o r k i n g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ic h i d e n t i f y t h e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s t o b e
a c c o m p l i s h e d , a n d t h e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f t h e p r o b l e m s o lv i n g r o u t i n e ;
p l a n s t h e f u l l r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t i o n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e t h e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m
i n a c h ie v i n g d e s i r e d e n d p r o d u c t s .

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r r u n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A. M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tl y p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i f f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t t a s k s f o llo w in g
d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s a n d w ith f re q u e n t re v ie w of o p e ra tio n s p e rf o r m e d .
C la s s C . W o rk s o n ro u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c lo s e s u p e rv is io n .
I s e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p
w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f t h e c o m p u f e r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i l i t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
r u n n in g r o u t i n e p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g i n c o m p u t e r o p e r a t i o n .
M ay a s s i s t h ig h e r le v e l o p e r a to r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .




A t t h i s l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d i f f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n te r r e l a t e d b u t d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts f ro m n u m e r o u s a n d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n ts .
A w id e v a r i e ty a n d e x te n s iv e n u m b e r of i n te r n a l p r o c e s s in g a c tio n s m u s t o c c u r. T h is r e q u i r e s
•su c h a c t i o n s a s d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t i o n s w h i c h c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f
l in k a g e p o i n t s b e t w e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d j u s t m e n t s t o d a t a w h e n p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u te r s to r a g e c a p a c ity , a n d s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n ts
t o f o r m a h i g h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c t i o n a l d i r e c t i o n t o l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w h o a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

25
CO M PUTER PR OGRAM ER,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

C O M PU T E R SY STEM S A N A LY ST,

C la s s B .
W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e
p r o g r a m s , o r o n s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n ts ) u s u a lly
p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f i n i n g , a d a p ti n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k i n g m i n o r a d d it i o n s to o r
d e l e t i o n s f r o m i n p u t d a t a w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , t h e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f i n e d in p r i o r a c t i o n s s o t h a t t h e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c i n g
o f d a ta c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t i n e c h e c k s .
T y p i c a l l y , t h e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t i n e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o r k s o n c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e d i r e c t i o n o f a h i g h e r
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r s u p e rv is o r.
M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y i n d e p e n d e n t ly p e r ­
fo rm in g l e s s d iff ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d , a n d p e r f o r m in g m o r e d iffic u lt t a s k s u n d e r f a i r ly c lo s e
d ire c tio n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .

B U S IN E S S

A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s t o f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv i n g t h e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c
d a ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. D e v e l o p s a c o m p l e t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g ;
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s t o b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f i e s c o n d it i o n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d
to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t i o n s t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s i n s u f f i c i e n t d e t a i l f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y t h i s i n v o lv e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o r k a n d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s t h e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n e w a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b t a i n m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s t h e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b le f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s io n of
o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g ( E D P ) e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c ie n tif ic o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s te m s a n a ly s ts a r e

d ire c tio n

C la s s C . W o rk s u n d e r im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , c a r r y in g o u t a n a ly s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly
o f a s in g l e a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s i g n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r le v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s t b y p r e p a r in g th e d e ta ile d s p e c if ic a tio n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e lo p e d b y t h e h i g h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .

to lo w e r le v e l s y s te m s a n a ly s ts w ho a r e a s s ig n e d

C l a s s A . P l a n s t h e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d iff e r s ig n if ic a n tly f ro m e s ta b lis h e d d r a f tin g p r e c e d e n ts . W o rk s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , a n d m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e ffe c t of e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e ta ils of f o rm , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s itio n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in i m u m of s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a ti o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f ts m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u ti n e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t h a t r e q u i r e t h e a p p l i ­
c a t i o n o f m o s t o f t h e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n i q u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s : P r e p a r e s w o r k i n g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u l t i p l e f u n c t i o n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w i n g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u i ld i n g in c l u d i n g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a l l
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a ti o n s t o d e t e r m i n e q u a n t i t i e s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s of s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c l u d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p i c ti n g t h r e e d i m i n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f
c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f ro m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s ts o r tr a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p l i c a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g i v e n w i t h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t i o n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h e n a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r .
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s
in v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s
o f i n p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s a n i n t e ­
g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d u l i n g , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d t h r o u g h t h e f u l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s
a n d a p p r o p r i a t e f o llo w u p a c t i o n s a r e i n i t i a t e d b y t h e c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w i t h p e r s o n s c o n ­
c e r n e d to d e te r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s a n d a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a tt e r p e r s o n n e l on
th e im p lic a tio n s of new o r r e v i s e d s y s te m s of d a ta p r o c e s s in g o p e r a tio n s .
M akes re c o m ­
m e n d a tio n s , if n e e d e d , f o r a p p ro v a l of m a jo r s y s te m s in s ta lla tio n s o r c h a n g e s an d fo r
o b t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t.
M ay p ro v id e fu n c tio n a l
a s s is t.

OR
W o rk s o n a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o n r o u t i n e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s i n s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
o n c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o rk i s r e v i e w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f j u d g m e n t , c o m p l i a n c e w ith i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d t o i n s u r e p r o p e r a l i n e m e n t w ith t h e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

D R A FTSM A N

C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a tio n s of p r o g ra m in g p r a c t ic e s a n d c o n c e p ts u s u a lly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d t o d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e i n t h e
a p p lic a tio n of s ta n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u tin e p r o b le m s . R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
re q u ire d p ro c e d u re s .

C O M PU T E R SY STEM S A N A L Y ST,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

m a i n t a i n i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a i n t a i n i n g i n v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e
t h e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n t h e i m p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p li e d .

to

C l a s s B . W o r k s i n d e p e n d e n t ly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o n p r o b l e m s t h a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l i c a t e d to a n a l y z e , p l a n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d
c o m p l e x it y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f i n p u t d a ta a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d t h e o u tp u t d a t a a r e c l o s e l y
r e la te d .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a i n t a i n i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s i n a b a n k ,

C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c lo t h o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s a n d tr a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is tin g of s tr a ig h t lin e s a n d a l a r g e s c a le n o t r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n . )
and/ or
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in g s of e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U RSE,

W o rk is c lo s e ly

s u p e rv is e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u ff e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s of a
f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s i n v o lv e a c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o t h e i l l o r i n j u r e d ; a tt e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s a n d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s of a p p lic a n ts a n d e m p lo y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s i n v o lv in g h e a l t h e d u c a t i o n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p l a n t e n v i r o n m e n t ,
o r o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c ti n g t h e h e a l t h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s t h e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n i n g o o d r e p a i r b u i ld i n g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o llo w in g : P l a n n i n g
a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a v a r i e t y




CA RPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

of c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r to o ls , a n d s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s of w o rk ; a n d s e le c tin g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r t h e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

26
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty of e le c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r t h e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in t h e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k i n g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g t o l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d to o l s a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
te s tin g in s tr u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e e le c t r i c ia n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

t h e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in t h e v e h i c l e a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a l i n i n g w h e e l s ,
a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t i g h t e n i n g b o d y b o l t s . I n g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u to m o t iv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a i n t a i n s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e t h e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t i n w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a ti o n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk i n v o lv e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o to r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila tin g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k i n g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t io n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e t h a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s ta t io n a r y b o i le r s to f u r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t i n r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
HELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

, A s s i s t s on e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m in g s p e c if ic
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w i t h m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n i n g .w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s o r
to o ls ; a n d p e rf o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n .
T h e k in d of w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n ­
f in e d t o s u p p ly i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o th e r s h e is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e ra tio n s , o r p a r t s of a tr a d e th a t a re
a ls o p e rf o r m e d b y w o r k e r s o n a f u ll- tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TOOLROOM

S p e c ia liz e s in th e o p e ra tio n of o ne o r m o re ty p e s of m a c h in e t o o ls , su c h a s jig b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , i n t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e of a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e ty o f p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g i n s tr u m e n ts ; s e le c tin g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , t o d r e s s t o o l s , a n d t o s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u tt i n g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , i n t o o l a n d d i e j o b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s of m e ta l p a r t s of m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r i t t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n i n g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g s t a n d a r d m a c h i n e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g t o
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h i n in g ; k n o w le d g e o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s
o f t h e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f i t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s i n to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t.
I n g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to r tr u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m in i n g a u to m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t i n v o lv e t h e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o l s a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t i n d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t e f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d i n g a n d a d j u s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l l i n g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t
o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : E x a m in i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a i n l y in v o lv e t h e u s e
o f h a n d to o l s i n s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w i t h i t e m s o b t a i n e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h i n e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f t h e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c if ic a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e ra tio n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk of a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t i e s in v o lv e s e t t i n g u p o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n e w m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s i n t h e p l a n t l a y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o l ­
lo w i n g : P l a n n in g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f t h e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o l s a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i n i n g a n d b a l a n c i n g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, a n d p a r t s t o b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g i n g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
I n g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e in th e tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o rm a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

of m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts a n d r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , a n d f ix tu r e s of a n e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o l v e s t h e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a i n t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t i n g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u t ty o r f i l l e r
i n n a i l h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly i n g p a in t w i t h s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h i t e l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s t o o b t a i n p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e
w o rk of th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s of p ip e a n d p ip e f ittin g s in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o t h e r w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt i n g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u ttin g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w i t h s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p i p e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p i p e w i t h c o u p li n g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , a n d s i z e o f p i p e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f itte r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u i ld i n g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s te m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s t h e p l u m b i n g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk i n v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s i n p lu m b i n g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w i t h a p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a rd s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n tila to r s , c h u te s , d u c ts ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o r k i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n i n g a n d l a y i n g
o u t a ll ty p e s of s h e e t- m e ta l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f ro m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c if ic a tio n s ;
s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y of

27
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E ----C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o l s i n c u tt i n g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t- m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t
tra in in g a n d e x p e rie n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o l s a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d i n g o f t h e w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t i n g of
m a c h i n e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a ti o n s r e l a t i n g t o d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o li n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r i n g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k i n g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f i t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s t o p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , t h e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; t o o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s tru c ts a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e -s h o p to o ls , g a g e s , jig s , f ix tu re s o r d ie s fo r fo rg in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n n in g a n d
l a y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

GUARD AND W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a i n t a i n i n g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d a t g a te
a n d c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e f t, a n d i lle g a l e n tr y .
J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t i n g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR CLEANER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in c o m in g s h ip ­
m e n ts of m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a ls .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tr a n s p o r t a ti o n , an d r a te ; a n d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f t h e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k i n g u p b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s ti n g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p i n g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g t h e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills of la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r ta g e s an d r e je c tin g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t i n g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a i n t a i n i n g n e c e s ­
s a ry r e c o r d s and file s .

(S w e e p e r; c h a rw o m a n ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it i o n f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b i n a ti o n o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l is h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s ti n g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id i n g s u p p l i e s a n d m i n o r m a i n t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n i n g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G
( L o a d e r a n d u n l o a d e r ; h a n d l e r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s to c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t i e s i n v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o ll o w i n g : L o a d in g a n d u n l o a d i n g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s to c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e s to c k m a n )
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d i n d ic a ti n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

R e c e iv i n g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w i t h in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u f a c tu r i n g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w i t h o r w i t h o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p tr u c k in g ood w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n t h e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i ty .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n of s iz e s l is te d s e p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l ig h t ( u n d e r lVz to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d i u m (IV2 t o a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r t h a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCK ER,
PA CK ER,

c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

PO W ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , t h e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n t h e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n i ts to b e p a c k e d , t h e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p l o y e d , a n d m e t h o d o f s h i p m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s t h e
p l a c i n g of i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y i n v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k i n o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i z e
of c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g i d e n t i f y i n g
d a ta o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e r a te s a
tra n s p o rt goods and
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a ls o f a ll k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c tu r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y t y p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru c k er,
T ru c k er,

p o w e r ( f o r k li f t)
p o w e r ( o th e r t h a n f o r k l if t )




A v a il a b le On Req ue s t
T h e n in th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys,
c h e m is t s , e n g in e e rs , en gin eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s o f o ffic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1617, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 19 6 8 .
S ev en ty -fiv e
cen ts a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i la b le b u l le t in s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the •
r e q u e s t of the W age and H our and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L ab or i s a v a i la b le on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r in te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D . C . , 204 0 2 , or f r o m any of the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh ow n on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1 9 6 9 1__________________________________
A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1__________
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ____
B
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 9 ____________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u i —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1_____
P
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ____________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 ___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 ______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1 9 6 9 ___________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 196 9 ____________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , M a r . 19 6 9 1 _________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________________
D av en p o rt— ock Islan d — o lin e, Io w a^ Ill.,
R
M
O c t . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a r . 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ________________________________ .
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1---------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 9 1_________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1_______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 -----------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 9 ---------------H
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 -----------N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 1 -------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 -------------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _________________________
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------------------------M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 9 ----------------------------------------------M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------S

B u l l e t i n nu m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1625-8,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

35
35
30
30
35
50
35
30
35
35
50
50
35
30
30
30
30
65
45
50
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1625-27,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1625-79,
1660-2,

30
35
30
30
50
35
30
35
45
35
35
35
45
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-78,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50
30
30
30
30
35
25
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a ta o n e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v isio n s a re a lso p re s e n te d .




Area
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M ic h ., M ay 1969
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N . J . , Jan. 1969______________
N e w H a v e n , Conn., Jan. 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
N e w Y ork, N . Y . , Apr. 1969- ____ ______ _________ _
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H am pton, V a . , June 1968______________________________
O k la h o m a C ity. O k l a . , J u ly 1968.
O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iowa, O ct. 1968 1 ________________________
P a t e r s o r r - C li f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J ., M ay 1969____________
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , Nov. 1968______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M ar. 1969______________________________
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1969______ ______ ___________ _
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M ay 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w ick , R. I.— a s s .,
P
W
M
M ay 1969 1 ..............................................................................................
R a l e ig h , N . C . , Aug. 1969 ________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., M ar. 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only),
J u l y 1Q 9
6
-........................ ........... .....
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1 9 6 9 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M ar. 1969 1________________________
S a lt Lake C ity, Utah, D e c . 1968___________________ ____
San A n ton io, T e x . , June 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e r -O n ta r io , C a l i f .,
R
O ct. 1968 1 ______________________________________________

B ulletin number
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30
40
30
35
60

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1625-76,

30
30
35
35
50
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

30
30
50
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f ., O ct. 1968______________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 4 ,
O
San J o s e , C a l i f ., Sept. 1 9 6 8 _____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 1 ,
Savan nah , G a ., M ay 1969_________ ______________
__ _ 1 6 2 5 - 6 8 ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1 ______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 2 ,
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Nov. 1968 1 __________
E
____ 1 6 2 5 - 4 3 ,
S io u x F a l l s , S. D ak ., O ct. 1 9 6 8 1________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 2 3 ,
1625-55,
South B en d , Ind., M ar. 1969____________ ______________
Sp ok an e, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 ______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 1 ,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1968 1 _____________ _
____ ____ 1 6 2 5 - 5 ,
T am pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1 ______________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 ,
T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., F eb . 1969 1________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 7 ,
M
T r e n t o n , N . J ., O ct. 1 9 6 8 1 _______ __ __ ___
_______ 1 6 2 5 - 1 8 ,
1660-1,
U t i c a ^ R o m e , N .Y ., J u l y 1969- ____________________ W a sh in g to n , D .C .—
Md.— a . , Sept. 1968__ _ __ __ ____ 1 6 2 5 - 2 2 ,
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M ar. 1969___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 0 ,
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, N ov. 1968 1____ __________ ________ _ 1 6 2 5 - 3 1 ,
W ic h it a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 4 1 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M ay 1969 ___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 8 4 ,
Y ork, P a . , F eb . 1969_____________ _____________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 2 ,
Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O hio, N ov. 1968__________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 4 ,
W

40
30
35
30
30
35
35
30
30
30
35
35
35
35
30
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
OFFICIAL.




BUSINESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

----------------------------------- 1
I

I F IR S T CLASS M A IL I

I_________________________________________l


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102