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The Worcester,

\1

assachuset ts,

M

et ropoI itan Area

Vay 1969
I

B u lle tin

No.

162 5 -8 4




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BU REA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

\

,4 ** «

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Worcester, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area




May 1969

Bulletin No. 1625-84
September 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 3Q cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m of an n ual
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p ro v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d eta ile d d ata by se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r each
of th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , a n d fo r the
U n ited S ta t e s .
A m ajo r
c o n s id e r a t io n in th e p r o g r a m is
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n t o (1) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) t h e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv isio n s.

I n t r o d u c t i o n ______________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _________________________________
T a b le s:
1.
2.

A t the en d of e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u lt s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fter
c o m p le tio n of a ll of the in d iv id u al a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a roun d
of s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h of the m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s
s t u d ie d in to on e b u lle tin . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a tio n w h ich h a s b e e n p r o je c te d fr o m in d iv id u al m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s a n d th e
U n ited S ta t e s .

A.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________________
In d exes of sta n d a rd w eek ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e
h o u rly e arn in g s fo r se le c te d o ccu p atio n al g ro u p s, and
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________________
O ccu p atio n al e arn in g s:
A - 1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n ______________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d
A -3.
A -4.
A -5.

A p p e n d ix .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u lt s
o f t h e s u r v e y in
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , in M a y 1969. T h e S ta n d a r d M e tr o p o lita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u of the B u d g e t
th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of the c ity of W o r c e s t e r
a n d 21 t o w n s in W o r c e s t e r C o u n t y .
T h is stu d y w a s co n ­
d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f ic e in B o s t o n , M a s s . ,
u n d e r the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f P a u l V . M u lk e r n , A s s i s t a n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r O p e ratio n s.

4

5

8
9
10

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________________

12

areas.

NOTE:
(See

S im ila r tab u la tio n s
in sid e b a c k c o v e r.)

are

av ailab le

fo r

oth er

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e W o r c e s t e r a r e a a r e a l s o
a v a ila b le fo r the m a c h in e r y in d u s t r ie s (O c to b e r 1968) and
w o m e n 's c e m e n t- p r o c e s s sh o e s (M a rc h 1968), and on e a r n ­
in g s o n ly fo r s e l e c t e d fo o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a t io n s (M a y 1 968).
U n io n s c a l e s ,
in d ica tiv e of p r e v a ilin g
pay
le v e ls,
are
a v a ila b le fo r s e v e n s e le c t e d b u ild in g t r a d e s .

iii

2

O ffice, p r o fe ss io n a l, and te ch n ical o ccu p atio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ________________________________________
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------------------C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _______________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
is c o lle c te d a n n u a lly an d on e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and
su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v isio n s b ie n n ially .




1
3




Area Wage Survey---The Worcester, Mass., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 9 0 i n w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r *s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s con d u cts s u r v e y s of o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s
and relate d b en efits on an area w id e b a s i s .1

t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata .

th ere

is

p o ssib ility

of

d isclo su re

of

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s d ata a r e
sh ow n fo r
fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly sc h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata exclu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e an d fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te
sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u c tio n b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t- o f- liv in g a llo w ­
a n c e s an d in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W here w eek ly h o u rs a re
r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
re c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s
(e x c lu siv e of p ay fo r
o v e rtim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e ra g e w eek ly e arn in g s
fo r th e se o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in fo r m a tio n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a il fr o m the e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in th a t e a r l i e r s t u d y .
P erso n a l v isits w ere m ade
to n o n r e sp o n d e n ts an d to th o se r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g u n u su a l c h a n g e s
sin c e the p r e v io u s su r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o rtatio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tr a d e ;
r e ta il tra d e ; fin an ce , in su ra n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s ex clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ie s a re go v e rn m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s an d the c o n str u c tio n an d e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E stab lish m e n ts
h av in g fe w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d fo r e ach of
th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is i o n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t co m p o site , areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
In d u stries and e sta b lish m e n ts
d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s ta ff in g a n d , th u s , c o n tr ib u te d if f e r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n ot b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u al e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c tu a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in the
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e sc rip tio n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u se of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b tain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n of
l a r g e th an of s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is stu d ie d .
In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eig h t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O ccu p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u f a c tu r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e of the f o l ­
lo w in g t y p e s :
(1 ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm se t of jo b d e s c r i p ­
t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s
w ith in the s a m e jo b .
T h e o ccu p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r stu d y a r e lis te d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b
t itle s a r e fo r a ll in d u str ie s c o m b in ed .
E a r n i n g s d a ta fo r s o m e of th e
o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e it h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e of th e stu d y a n d not the n u m b e r a c t u ­
ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d fr o m
th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e l a t iv e
im p o r ta n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n ot a ffe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of th e e a r n in g s d a ta .
E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem e n ta ry W age P ro v isio n s

T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in t h is
b u lle tin .
In fo rm atio n
fo r th e se ta b u la tio n s is c o lle c te d b ie n n ially .
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s o n m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n tia ls; sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs ; p aid
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n s; and h ealth , in su ra n c e , and p e n sio n p lan s a re
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r .th is a r e a .




1

2




T a b le 1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in W o r c e s t e r , M a s s , ,
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v is io n , 2 M a y 1969
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

In d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ie d
N um ber

S tu d ie d
P erc en t

A ll d i v i s i o n s __________________________________

_

299

97

62, 700

100

3 7 , 240

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6-----------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6___________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 6---------S e r v i c e s 6 7_____________________________________

50
-

175
124

46
51

4 2 ,3 0 0
2 0 ,4 0 0

67
33

2 3 , 830
13, 410

50
50
50
50
50

17
22
56
17
12

11
7
15
9
9

7
3
13
8
2

3, 900
670
3 ,6 8 0
4 , 070
1 ,0 9 0

4,
1,
8,
4,
1,

300
700
100
800
500

1 T h e W o r c e s t e r S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968,, c o n s i s t s o f th e c it y
o f W o r c e s t e r , a n d th e to w n s o f A u b u rn , B e r l i n , B o y l s t o n , B r o o k f i e l d , E a s t B r o o k f i e l d , G r a f t o n , H o ld e n , L e i c e s t e r , M i ll b u r y , N o r th b o r o u g h ,
N o r t h b r id g e , N o r th B r o o k f i e l d , O x f o r d , P a x t o n , S h r e w s b u r y , S p e n c e r , S t e r l i n g , S u tto n , U p to n , W e s tb o r o u g h , a n d W e s t B o y l s t o n in W o r c e s t e r
C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n
o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t
i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d it i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a te
t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ;
n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O v e r t w o - t h ir d s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e W o r c e s t e r a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t
e l e c t r i c a l _____________________
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s _____
S to n e , c l a y , a n d g l a s s
p r o d u c t s ------------------------------F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ___
L e a th e r and le a th e r
p r o d u c t s _______________________

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
23
15
14
13
6

M i s c e l l a n e o u s n o n m e t a l lic
m i n e r a l p r o d u c t s _____________ 14
M e ta lw o r k in g m a c h i n e r y ___ , __ 10
S p e c i a l i n d u s t r y m a c h i n e r y ___ 10
M isc e lla n e o u s p r im a r y
m e t a l p r o d u c t s ________________
7
B l a s t fu r n a c e an d b a s ic
s t e e l p r o d u c t s _________________
6
F o o t w e a r , e x c e p t r u b b e r _______ 5

T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r y e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o ff ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s fo r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e a rn in g s for o v e rtim e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex c lu d in g
p re m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s,
and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b ase.d o n d a ta fo r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t io n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o ff ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a giv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e rc e n t of
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d (d a te of th e a r e a
su rv e y con du cted
betw een Ju ly I960 and Ju n e
1961).
S u b tractin g
100 f r o m th e in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e
d a te o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w age changes
b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d
dates.
T h ese
e stim ate s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
M ethod

L im ita tio n s

of D ata

of C o m p u tin g
The in d e x e s and
p e rce n ta g e s of ch an ge,
a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m
lab o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h ave d ec lin e d b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n te r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d th e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s fo r a n a r e a
m a y have r ise n c o n sid e ra b ly b e c a u se h ig h e r-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t io n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w eig h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o rtio n a te e m p lo y m e n t
in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p .
T h e se c o n sta n t w e ig h ts r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n ts w h e re v e r p o s sib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u ltip lie d b y th e o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d .
The agg re g ate s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e fo r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , sh o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e in d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
fo r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u lt i p ly (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t iv e b y the p r e v io u s y e a r ' s in d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r th e f o l lo w in g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m en ): O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )— S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
C o n tin u e d
C a rp e n te rs
o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
S e c r e ta r ie s
E le c t r ic ia n s
C lerics, a c c o u n t in g , c la s s e s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e r a l
M a c h in ists
A an d B
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
M e c h a n ic s
C lerics, f i l e , c la s se s
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o tiv e )
A , B, an d C
A an d B
P a in te rs
C lerics, o rd e r
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
P ip e fitte rs
C lerics, p a y r o ll
c la s s B
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e rs
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A a n d B
K e y p u n c h o p e ra to rs, c la s se s
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
A an d B
In d u stria l nurses ( m e n a n d w o m en ):
J a n ito r s , p o rte rs, an d c le a n e r s
O ffic e b o y s a n d g irls
N u rse s, in d u stria l ( r e g is te r e d )
L a b o re rs, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f le c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n ced by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s
such , o r by p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s ig n if ic a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

3

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W eekly S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u rly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s in
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1969 and J u n e 1968, and P e r c e n t s of C h ange 1 f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
In d e x e s
(Ju n e 1961= IOC)

P e r c e n t s of ch an ge 1

M a y 1969

Jun e 1968

Ju n e 1968
to
M ay 1969

Ju n e 1967
to
Ju n e 1968

137.9
142.2
131.1
139.9

131.0
133.7
125.6
134.4

5.2
6.3
4.4
4.1

6 .0

6.3
3.9
4.2

5.7
6.7
5.0
5.9

132.3
139.9

127.4
132.0
123.6
136.1

3.9

5.5
6.3
3.2
3.0

5.2
5.7
5.2
5.1

I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ----I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )..
S k il l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )--------------U n s k il l e d plant ( m e n ) --------------------M an ufacturing:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ----I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )..
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m en )--------------U n s k il l e d plan t ( m e n ) ---------------------

1 2 9 .2

142.9

6 .0

4.5
4.9

Ju n e 1963
to
Ju n e

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) __
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n and women)
S k ille d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n )------------U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) ------------------M an ufacturing:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and women)---I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n and women)
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m en )------------U n s k il l e d p lan t (m en)--------------------

1964

Ju n e 1966
to
Ju n e 1967

J u n e 1965
to
J u n e 1966

Ju n e 1964
to
Ju n e 1965

5.5
6 .1

1.9
3.1

5.7

2 .8

6 .8

1 .8

3.1
6.6
5.3
7.6

2 .0

3.2
2 .8
2 .1

Ju n e 1962
to

Ju n e 1961
to

Jun e

Ju n e

Ju n e

Ju n e

1963

1 .6

2.7

0

2 .1

1 .1

1 .6

3.3
1.5
-.5
.9
3.5

1962

1960

to
1961

4.2

4.2
5.6
3.2
3.9

3.4
4.7

3.2

4 .2

3.7

1 .6

5.6

1 .1

1.4
3.3

2 .8

3.4
3.5

7.0

3.6
1 .1

1 A ll c h a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s u n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a t e d .
2 T h is d e c lin e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s e m p l o y e e t u r n o v e r within and betw een high- and lo w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r a t h e r than w age d e c r e a s e s .




5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eek ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , W o r c e s te r , M a s s . , M ay 1969)
^^^W eekl^earaing^^^
(standard)

S e x , o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f---t

weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

Median 2

Middle range 2

t

t

*

t

$

s

$

t

$

S

$

*

s

$
150

1
160

150

160

6
3

35
15

-

2

_

_

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

125

130

I

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

~

-

3
3

1

-

*

9
6

2

6

4

4

1

3

3

6

-

6

2

2

-

-

3
3

18
18

6
6

»

i

7

2

55
Mean2

*

~

hO

170

180

170

180

190

17
1

25
“

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

and
under
60

MEN

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C L A S S A ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

99
30

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
1 4 5 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0

147 k5 0
140 .5 0

f 4 1 .0 0 — 6 0 .5 0
1
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

CLERKS,

32

3 8 .5

1 0 7 .5 0

108 .0 0

9 8 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

ACCOUNTING,

C L A SS

B -------------

2
'

'

'

1

3

'

WOMEN

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------

44

3 9 .0

8 9 .0 0

88 . 0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

29
27

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

113 . 0 0
113 . 0 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

16
8
8

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 0 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

96 . 5 0
95 . 5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
8 5 . 5 0 - 9 8 .5 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

185
94
91

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

115 . 0 0
111 . 0 0
119 . 5 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

_
-

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL AS S B ------------MANUFAC TURI NG ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

3 48
145
203

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

9 0 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
9 3 . 50

84 . 5 0
83 . 0 0
87 . 5 0

7 7 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

_
-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

62
34

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

75 .5 0
77 . 5 0

7 1 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 -

7 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

3

4

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS C -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

65
51

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 4 . 50
7 3 .0 0

73 . 5 0
73 . 0 0

7 1 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

7 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

-

-

_

56
34

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

-

5
5

12

10

3
3

16
8

8
1

3
3

36
17
19

69
30
39

4
i

17
8

_

_

~

-

8
6

34
33

_
-

17
14

13
4

5
5

16
10
6

30
20
10

13
5
8

4

58
28
30

31
19
12

32
19
13

6
3

18
6
12

24
16

5
5

3
3

1
-

13

8

3

9

3

2

12
6
6

12
6
6

48
18
30

3
3

3

9
6
3

54
~
54

8
2
6

8
4
4

“

-

3
-

~
“

~

~

-

”

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

-

-

-

-

2

1

2

1

2

1

6
6

l

-

-

-

~

3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0

97 . 0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

-

i

-

-

-

-

13

-

5

6

3

1

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 6 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

93 .0 0
92 . 5 0

_
~

_
-

1
~
1

11
10
l

26
25
1

12
9

3

3

8
7
1

13
10

4

13
4
9

8
5

-

7
6
i

24
20

99 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

3

3
2
1

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------

62

3 8 .0

8 9 .5 0

95 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -

9 8 .5 0

1

3

-

-

4

3

12

8

24

6

-

~

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL AS S A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

82
38

1 0 1 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

100 .0 0
98 .0 0
115 . 5 0

9 3 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

-

-

_
-

-

2
-

4

5

i
3

2

14
11
3

25

2

16
13
3

2
2

-

14
8
6

-

44

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C L A SS B ------------Ma n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

148
57
91

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 4 . 50

84 . 5 0
82 .0 0
86 . 5 0

7 5 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0

_
~

6

19
11
8

24
11
13

23
9
14

28
7
21

10
1
9

4
4

O F F IC E G I R L S ------------------------------------------

31

3 8 .0

7 6 .5 0

75 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 -

4

9

1

1

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




8 2 .0 0

-

6

1

5

10

-

”

“

1
1

31

29
14
15

-

4
2
2

141
103
38

_
~
“

-

13
6
7

OROER ----------------------------------------

-

-

10
7
3

7

3

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

CLERKS,

"

1
1

9

_

-

3

25

1

1

4
4

“

*
-

-

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 19 69)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber
of

A v e rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
fstandard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—

$

i
M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

S

t

t

(

$

*

90

95

100

105

90

95

100

105

12
8
4

17
5
12

54
34
20

29
21
8

_

-

4

2

6
6

5

2

65

70

75

80

65

70

75

80

85

-

-

4
4

2
1
1

85

i

$

S

110

115

120

110

115

120

61
38
23
1

36

i

57
36
21
3

_

2

_

5

7
2
5

24
12
12

t

S
125

130

125

130

140

43
33
10
1

26
14
12
2

28
24
4
3

_

2
2

1

10
5
5

18
6
12

21
14
7

9

*

140

*

$

$

t

150

160

150

160

170

180

190

40
31
9
3

37
16
21
13

2
2
-

11
8
3
3

1
_
1
1

4
2
2
-

2
1

10
8

6
5

1
1

8
8

-

2
2

7
1
6

6
4
2

19
14
5

13
8
5

1
1

3
~
3

1
1

2
2

170

180

and
under
60

WOMEN -

$
60

55

CONTINUED
_

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------------

464
300
164
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

f 1 3 .5 0 1 1 1 . 50
1 1 4.00 1 1 2.50
1 1 2 .0 0 1 10.50
1 3 5 .5 0 14 1 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 — 2 6 .5 0
1
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL ASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

38
27

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 8.50

1 3 8.00
1 45.00

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

-

_

-

_

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

145
67
78

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
120.50
1 1 4 .5 0

1 1 5.00
118.00
11 2 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL AS S C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

124
71
53

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

11 2 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 7.00

1 1 3.00
1 21.00
1 04.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

_
-

4
4

1
1

4
2
2

6
6

10
2
8

a
8
-

11
3
8

7
2

16
11
5

4
2
2

9
6

19
19
-

9
8
i

14
3
11

-

_
-

-

-

3

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS D ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

157
135

3 8 .5
38*5

104.00
1 0 2.50

1 0 4.00
1 0 3.00

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

_

1
1

6
6

5
5

35
32

14
11

24
23

17
15

23
19

16
15

9
7

1
-

2
1

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, G EN ER A L ' ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

168
132
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
96.5 0

91.0 0
91.0 0
9 9 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 - 99.0 0
8 5 .0 0 - 96.0 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

_
-

5
1
4

22
13
9

19
19

30
28
2

37
36
l

18
15

6
6
-

9
3
6

4
3
1

10
10

8
8

-

~

_
-

_
-

-

_
~

-

i

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SENIOR -------------------------

69

3 8 .0

9 7 .0 0

9 6 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C L A S S A ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

44
25

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 6 . 00
9 7 .0 0

9 4 .0 0
94.0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

_

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

B -------

28

3 8 .5

89.0 0

85.5 0

7 3 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

89
62
27

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
87.5 0

8 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
87.0 0

8 3 .5 0 8 4 .0 0 8 3 .0 0 -

9 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

-

-

~

TRANSC RIB ING-M ACH INE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

65
60

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

87.5 0
88.0 0

8 7 .0 0
87.5 0

7 9 .0 0 7 9 .5 0 -

97.0 0
9 8 .5 0

-

T Y P I S T S , CL AS S A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

13 2
76
56

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

86.0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
83.50
9 0 .0 0

7 8 .5 0 7 8 .0 0 8 1 .0 0 -

9 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

211
125
86

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

7 8 .0 0
79.5 0
76.0 0

78.50
80 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

83.0 0
84.0 0
8 1 .5 0

5

2

16

10

12

4

10

1

4

4
i

10

3
1

7

6

8
5

3

1
-

3
i

6
6

8

2

2

4

1

-

2

-

-

7

-

-

30
18
12

15
10
5

29
22
7

-

4

2
2

2
2
“

i
i

5
5

2
2

_

“

1
1
~
9
8

10
9

12
11

8
7

4

12
12

1
1

2

-

1
1

_

CLASS

2
-

*
-

9

2
2

_

STENOGRAPHERS,

3

27

-

7

-

4

2

6

1
1
-

10
3
7

30

24
6

21
15
6

16
6
10

25
19
6

25
5
20

27
12
15

43
14
29

52
36
16

61
42
19

12
9
3

ii
10
1

1
1

2

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

4

2
2

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n t h e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f t h e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n
th e h i g h e r r a t e .
* M ay in clud e w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a tio n , and o th e r public u ti li tie s .




-

7

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , W o r c e s te r , M a s s . , M ay 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f
»

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

*

95
Middle range 2

I

i

I

*

i

$

I

5

*

I

*

i

i

*

S

r~

1

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

1---- i---

190

190

200

u n d er
100

DRAFTSMEN, C L A S S A
MANUFACTURING -

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 6 9 .0 0
1 6 8 .0 0

$
$
1 5 9 .0 0 1 5 8 .5 0 -

1 8 0 .5 0
1 8 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING —

1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0 1 2 9 .0 0 -

1 4 9 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 3 .5 0 1 1 2 .5 0 -

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 6 .0 0 -

1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C
MANUFACTURING -

N U R S E S , IN DUS TR IAL I R E G I S T E R E 0 )
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10
10

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., M ay 1969)
Average

A ve rage

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekl y
Weekl y
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Number

O ccupation and in d u stry div isio n

of
workers

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) -----------------------------

44

3 9 .0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

29
27

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

$

$
8 9 .0 0

91

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A SS B -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 1 3 .5 0

38*0

53
29

1 1 2 .5 0

3 8 .5
3 0 .0

rcro cT iD rrfZ
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 0 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C L A S S A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

284
163

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C L A S S B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

380

3 8 .0

154

226

3 9 .0
3 7 .5

9 5 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

62
34

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS C —
NONMANUFACTURING ------

65
51

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

44

3 9 .5

36

3 9 .0

1 C 9 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

147
105
42

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 7 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

62

3 8 .0

8 9 .5 0

tt

* -n

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

9 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

164

27

31

CL AS S

39*5
3 8 .5

30* 5

1 5

,e-n r-

*

I l f *"0
107 00

39~*~0

69

30

j

A

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

7 3 * ^0
7 6 .0 0

104
98
C LA SS

C -------------------------------

c
c

C LA j

3 8.0

4 0 .0
4 0.0

138 .0 0
137 .5 0

71
6*

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 0.00

51

3 9 .5

1 2 6.50

PROFE SSIO NAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

91*00
96.5 0

n

82
38
44

86 .0 0
85.00

___

c

A

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

13 2

06

*

IT?
3b

GENERAL

2^
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

A ----------------------------------

120*50
114.50

DRAFTSMEN,
COMPTOMETER OPERATORS

87.5 0
88 .0 0

^6

-_*

a

3 7.5

CL A SS 0
*67
78

STENOGRAPHERS,

1 0 7.50

3 8 .5

CL A SS A
27

SE C R E T A R I C o y

3 8 .5

65
60
TYPISTS,

SECRETARIES,

39*0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

39 0 113 50
3 9 .0 114 .0 0
3 8 .5 1 1 2 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

C L E R K S , ORDER ---MANUFACTURING

0' * "0

o
o
rO
'

56
34

121

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

v 7 * uu
NURSES,

IN DUS TR IAL

(REGISTERED)

-----

__________

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 M a y include w o r k e r s oth er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c om m u n ica tio n , and oth er pub lic u tilities.




(exclu siv e of p ay for o v ertim e

at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s

9

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1969)
Hourly earnings 1

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

$

Mean2 Median 2

Middle range 2

Under
S

2.10

$

66
60

$
3 .4 1
3 .2 6

$
3 .4 5
3 .3 4

$
2 .9 8 2 .8 9 -

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1 57
194

3 .8 2
3 .7 7

3 .9 3
3 .9 1

3 .5 5 - 4 .2 2
3 .4 8 - 4 .0 8

E N G I N E E R S , STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

42
39

3 .5 6
3 .5 7

3 .6 3
3 .6 2

3 .2 0 3 .1 9 -

3 .7 5
3 .7 5

F IR E M EN , STATIONARY BO IL E R --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

73
71

2 .8 2
2 .8 3

2 .8 9
2 .9 3

2 .4 8 2 .4 8 -

3 .1 0
3 .0 9

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

186
186

3 .2 2
3 .2 2

3 .1 6
3 .1 6

3 .0 6 - 3 .3 3
3 . 0 6 - 3 .3 3

M A C H I N IS T S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

2 09
2 08

3 .5 1
3 .5 1

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

3 .2 0 3 .2 0 -

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

123
28
95

88

3 .5 4
3 .6 8
3 .5 0
3 .5 4

3 .7 4
3 .8 1
3 .7 3
3 .7 4

3 . 0 8 - 3 .8 8
3 . 3 9 - 3 .9 1
3 . 0 5 - 3 .8 7
3 .0 6 - 3 .9 0

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

2 97
2 88

3 .5 8
3 .5 7

3 .6 9
3 .7 0

3 .1 9 3 .1 8 -

3 .9 4
3 .9 3

_

*

-

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

25
25

3 .4 0
3 .4 0

3 . 39
3 .3 9

3 .0 8 3 .0 8 -

3 .7 8
3 .7 8

-

-

-

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

64
64

2 .7 7
2 .7 7

2 .8 4
2 .8 4

2 .2 7 2 .2 7 -

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

2
2

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

65
65

3 .6 3
3 .6 3

3 .6 6
3 .6 6

3 .5 3 - 4 .0 2
3 .5 3 - 4 .0 2

_

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

2 63
2 63

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

3 .3 5
3 .3 5

3 .1 4 3 .1 4 -

_

3 .4 7
3 .4 7

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s,
2 F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




-

-

_

-

“
-

S
3 .2 0

2 .9 0

3

00

3 .10 3 . 2 0

t

*

2. 70

2 .8 0

-

4
4

5
5

-

7
7

-

-

_

10
10

_

3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

S
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

*
3 .8 0

s
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

S
4 .4 0

S
4 .6 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

over

10
10

2
2

4
4

1
1

9
9

14
14

2
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

2 .6 0

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

2
2

9
9

3
3

2
2

14
14

9
9

3
3

13
13

10
10

38
38

11

2
2

6
6

_

8
8

_

10

6
6

_

*

_

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

*

2
2

5
5

2
2

4
4

6
6

7
7

5
5

7
7

2

1
“

_

1
1

3
3

16
16

2
2

10
10

1
1

12
12

12
12

10
10

13
13

74
74

9
9

20
20

7
7

1
1

-

11
11

32
32

31
31

14
14

_

5
5

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

~

_

-

_

_

-

_

“

~

_

_

-

-

~

_

4

_

_

8

23

-

-

4

-

-

8
8

23
23

2
2

-

_

20
20
_

“

_

_

_

“
_

an d la te

-

-

_
-

- _

s h ifts .

-

-

-

-

-

22

23

19
19

19
19

-

_

3
3

15
15

13
13

17
17

_

1
1

4
4

_
-

2
2

“

_

1
1

3
3

4
4

4
4

5
5

1
1

_

1
1

7
7

5
5

-

2
2

- 23

_

*
_

_

_

26
26

_

7
7

-

37
37

1
1

9

6
3
3
-

-

2
2

31
3
28
28

16
15

17
15

61
61

_

-

_

-

13

_

-

-

“

-

-

6
6

1
1

4
4

47
47

10
10

1
1

7

41
14
27
27

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

25
24

12
12

50
46

-

1
1

4
4

2
2

4
4

-

_

-

-

2
2

_

6
6

19
19

4
4

14
14

17
17

2
2

3

2

_

*

2
2

14
14

64
64

46
46

42
31
3
3

17
17

_

6
1

1
1

-

-

-

23

_

-

2
2

“
_

6
6

2
2

28
28

—

“

5
5

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

-

1
1

-

20
20

-

4
3

-

2
1

“

h o lid a y s ,

S
$
9 0 3 .00 3 . 1 0

2 .5 0

“
_

2

$
2 .7 0

2 .4 0

-

-

3 .9 2
3 .9 1

“

-

2 .8 0

2. 60

-

? ,J 0

C AR P EN TE RS , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

-

t

t

2 .4 0

*
2 .5 0

and
under

2.20
$
3 .6 5
3 .6 2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

t

—
-

2.10 2.20

*
2 .3 0

4
4

16
16

_

6
6

_

_

4
4

8
8

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

1
1

8

-

-

_

-

1
1
_

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , W o r c e s te r , M a s s . , M ay 1969)
Hourly earnings2

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in d u s tr y di v i si o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—

s

1.60
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

s

$

1.70 1 .8 0

$

s

$

s

s

*

$

s

1.90 2.00 2 .1 0 2.20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2.60

$
2.70

*
s
2 .8 0 3.00

3.20

3 .40 3.60 3 .80 4 .0 0 4 .20 4 .4 0 4 .60 4.80

and
u n der
ro 1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 . 10 2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2 . 4 0 2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 70 2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0

3 .2 0

.40 3 .60 3 .80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .40 4 .6 0 4 .80

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

278
170

$
2.27
2.54

$
2.26
2.63

$
$
1.70- 2.77
2 .2 2 - 2.85

3
“

22
17

2

9
i

22
21

19
16

13
12

15
13

5
4

11
6

27
27

34
33

25
20

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

84

2.75

2.83

2.46-

2.96

-

1

-

i

3

-

10

10

-

-

12

30

17

86

2.34

2.26

2 .1 3 - 2.70

-

-

16

-

-

18

16

2

3

4

6

15

3

3

634

2.32
2.45

2.36
2.53

2 .0 2 - 2 .69
2 .1 6 - 2.81
1 .67- 2.38

3
2
1

27
18
9

30
12
18

16
6
10

72
66
6

19
12
7

65
52
13

25
14
11

40
26
14

61
53
8

56
53
3

17
13
4

122
118
4

11
11

8
8

7
3

2

5
5

44
6

2
2

_

7

9
9

40
39

74
74

18
18

24
24

12
12

29
13

35
35

55
55

7
7

11
11

15
3

1
1

4
4

8
8

16
8

_

28

1
1

2
2

1
1

18
18

1
1

21
i

1
1

11
11

4
4

_

-

18
18

52
52

6
6

7
7

16
16

13
13

8
8

2
2

2
-

3
3

4
4

5
5

7
7

6
6

12
12

8
8

8
7

6
2

3

-

_

_

4
4

10
6

12
12

2
2

1

13
12

u

1

11

1
1

_

-

6

4

8
8

8
8

10
10

8
8

21
21

29
26
3

47
7
40

15
5
10

42
22
20

91
45
46
46

21
18

7
7

6
2

1
1

2
2

19
19

_

40

2

.
-

o v er

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------JAN ITGRS, PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING --------------------------

44 5
189

2.02

JAN ITG RS, PCRTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

116
65

2.08
1.87

2.21
1.80

1 .7 8 - 2.3 6
1 .73- 2.02

8
8

26
26

7
7

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANCLING -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

440
39 7

2.68

2.47
2.45

2 .2 0 - 2.87
2 .2 0 - 2 .87

2
-

8
8

52
40

_

ORDER FI LL ER S ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

153
57

2.85
2 .29

2 .3 5 - 3.61
2 .1 1 - 2.8 7

_

10
10

_

2.49

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

191
190

3.12
3.13

2.62
2.63

2 .5 1 - 3.38
2 .5 1 - 3.38

1
~

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

68

2.74
2.72

2.75
2.73

2 .5 2 - 3.03
2 .5 3 - 2 .96

_

56

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

55
48

2 .74
2.75

2.69
2.75

2 .4 9 - 2.99
2 .5 2 - 3.03

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

50
34

2 .78
2.96

2.92
3.02

2.622.88-

3.06
3.13

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 6 --------------------

79 3
269
524
300

3.36
3.03
3 .53
3.80

3.47
3.29
3.88
3.94

2.9 8 2.613.333.91-

3.92
3.44
3.95
3.9 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UN0ER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

50
30

2.59
2.71

2.66
2.69

2 .4 0 - 2 .76
2 .6 4 - 2.78

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

127
63

2.89
2.84

2.77
2 .57

2 .5 7 - 3.4 3
2 .3 8 - 3.52

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 6 ----------------------

341
22 9
130

3.62
3.76
3.87

3.83
3.91
3.95

3 .4 3 - 3.93
3 .8 3 - 3.95
3 .9 2 - 3.97

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le ,




2.69

2.86

1.88

_

"

“

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
-

:

_

2
-

_

-

:

8
8

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

:

:

:

_

2

_

_

-

4
16
5
11

_

_
-

:

7

_

_

~

-

_

_

_

”

-

-

-

.
-

64
38
26

1
1
_

8
8

:

6

5
5

_

_
-

_
-

14
14

_

4
4

4
4

-

l

_
-

6

_

7

“

”

~

7

1

20

32
6
6

12

3
3

4
4

9
9

12
12

40

-

i
i

_

i
i

_

1

3
3

i

7

7

13
13

1
1

-

-

2
2

9
9

4 28
28

:

:

:

:

:

126
98
28
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
2
15
3

317

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

317
249

-

31
16

5
2

86
11

_
-

_

192
192
124

_

_

_

~

~

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

11
T a b ic A -5.

C u s to d ia l an d M a te ria l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t io n s — C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , W o r c e s te r , M a s s . , M ay 1969)
Hourly earnings2

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—
t

1. 6 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

S

t

1. 7 0 1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0

*

t

s

*

*

s

$

$

s

»

»

t

*

$

t

$
4 .6 0

*
4 .8 0

3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4 .0 0

4 .8 0

over

»

an d

4 .20 4.40 4 .6 0

CONTINUED

TRUC K DR IV ER S, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS ,
OTHER THAN TRA ILE R T Y P E) ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 6 ------------------------

195
169
125

1 .5 6
3 .6 2
3 .9 0

1 .9 2
3 .9 3
3 .9 5

1 .2 5 3 .7 9 3 .9 3 -

1 .9 6
3 .9 7
3 .9 8

TR UCK ERS , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

291
206

3 .1 9
3 .0 0

3 .3 2
3 .0 2

2 .4 8 2 .4 3 -

3 .7 4
3 .3 6

1
2
3
4
5
6

S

an d
in d e r

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00

TRUCK DRIV ER S5 -

t

3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4 .4 0

4
-

-

-

—

-

4

-

16
16

4
4

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

11
11

7
3

25
25

37
37

5
5

2

2

6
6

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e s h i f t s .
F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s :
3 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 5 ; 21 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; a n d
4 at $ 5 .2 0
I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e f i n e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




an d o v e r .

2

18
8

10
-

4
-

12
12

125
125
125

“

12
12

16
16

50
50

13

89
17

6
6

1
1

—

4

_

2
2

3
3

5
5

Appendix.

O ccupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o ll t i t le s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a sis on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , t h e B u r e a u ' s j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e i n u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p l y i n g t h e s e j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s , t h e B u r e a u ' s f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g
s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E

B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a i n i n g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f il e s , c la s s i f ie s an d in d e x e s file m a t e r ia l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h i s m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l f ile c le r k s .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th an a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l li n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b i ll in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h i n e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l ly i n v o lv e s a p p li c a t io n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b i l li n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t i o n u s u a l l y i n v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c la s s if ie d m a t e r ia l b y s im p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s “ o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s im p le r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M ay p e rfo rm re la te d
c le r ic a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d
to m a in ta in an d s e r v ic e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t i n e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r ic a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i ly a v a i la b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f ill o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c le r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a ll y i n v o lv e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y of f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o l u m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a la n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n if o r m
an d s ta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a l e s an d c r e d it s l ip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

CLERK,

O PERATO R

C la ss A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w l e d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t io n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , an d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.

CLERK,

PAYROLL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s t i n g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , s h o w in g i n f o r m a t i o n s u c h a s w o r k e r ' s n a m e , w o r k i n g
d a y s , tim e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , an d to ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t in g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

C la s s B . K e e p s a re c o r d o f one o r m o re p h a se s o r se c tio n s of a se t of r e c o r d s u su a lly
r e q u ir in g lit t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

COM PTOM ETER

O PERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is
j o b i s n o t t o b e c o n f u s e d w it h t h a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o t h e r t y p e o f c l e r k , w h i c h m a y i n v o l v e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .

A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r ac c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g o n e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g to o n e p h a se
o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d ia r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w it h p r o p e r a c c o u n t i n g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s j u d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t in g , a n d
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH

O PERATO R

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r ib e d a ta fr o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to k e y p u n c h ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p li c a t io n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t i o n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e i n f o r m a t i o n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tr a in
in e x p e rie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s io n , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t i n g s i m p l e j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; an d p o stin g s u b s i d ia r y l e d g e r s c o n tr o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il, p h o n e, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w in g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l is t in g th e it e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d it r a t in g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
f o llo w u p o r d e r s t o s e e t h a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o ic e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l io t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t i o n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w it h o r w i t h o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n sa c tio n s.

CLERK,

F IL E

12

13
KEYPUN CH

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la ss B .
U n d e r c lo s e s u p e r v i s io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t io n s ,
t r a n s c r ib e s d a ta fr o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r if y c a r d s .
W o r k in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h i c h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l it t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in fo r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f i c i a l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n iz a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d r e d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss
O F F IC E

BOY

o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l

C

O R G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t i n e d u t i e s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t i n g m i n o r o f f i c e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t in g m a i l , an d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s ib il it y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h i c h a r e o f t e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v i d e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h i s l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r

SEC RETA RY
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c lo s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s io n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u ir ie s
t o t h e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b ) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; ( c ) m a i n t a i n s
th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e t o a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d ( f) p e r f o r m s
s te n o g r a p h ic an d ty p in g w o rk .
M a y a l s o p e r fo r m o th e r c le r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu re an d d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f fi c e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n iz a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu s io n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin it io n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d i n s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f fic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s io n a l , te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d ) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s i n w h i c h t h e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin it io n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h i n v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in t h e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d t o m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h i s r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t i f y s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s t o a c t p e r ­
s o n a ll y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d it a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss

over

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A

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,
100 b u t fe w e r th an 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d
c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

or

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a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

of a

s m a l l o r g a n iz a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia l is t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

STEN O G RA PH ER,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t i v e l y
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia l iz e d v o c a b u la r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir in g s ig n if ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b li n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s im p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g an d r o u tin g in c o m in g m a i l; an d
a n sw e r in g ro u tin e q u e stio n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o r k .

O PERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t ip le - p o s it i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o ffic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r i n a d d i t i o n t o d o in g
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u ll- t im e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d fu n c t io n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i ly u n d e r s ta n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e .g ., b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t ly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a lls .)

of

c.
S e c r e t a r y t o t h e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w id e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv it y ( e .g ., m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv isio n )
o F a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss

S W IT C H B O A R D
seg ­

S e c r e t a r y t o t h e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , i n a l l ,
100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r t h a n c h a i r m a n o f th e
a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 1 0 0 b u t f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f
t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r t h a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

p re sid e n t)

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e ly b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

a.
th a n

in a l l ,

o ffic ia l)

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p la n t o r o ffic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m lim ite d te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s
i f t h e f u n c t i o n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e l e p h o n e i n f o r m a t i o n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

14
S W IT C H B O A R D

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In a d d i t i o n t o p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r o n a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t an d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u la r
d u tie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r ^ t im e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a rd .

O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la ss C .
O p e r a t e s s im p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w it h s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s im p le
w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s an d s o m e filin g w o rk .
T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o l l a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t i t iv e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r ,
c a lc u la to r , in te r p r e te r , c o lla to r , an d o th e rs.
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o f t e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d i n t r a i n i n g n e w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t i n g s e q u e n c e s o f l o n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k an d p r o d u c t io n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e fr o m w r itte n c o p y an d
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t i o n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e n ot in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o
h an d o r by S te n o ty p e o r s im i l a r m a c h in e is c la s s i f ie d a s a s te n o g r a p h e r ,

P R O F E S S IO N A L

r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
do s im p le c le r i c a l w o rk .
v o c a b u la r y su ch a s le g a l
t a k e s d ic t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
g e n e r a l.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e ou t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n .
M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s .
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l it t l e s p e c i a l t r a in in g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t in g in c o m in g m a i l .
C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h e n it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib il it y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y ll a b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
an d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c if ic i n s t r u c t io n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s . T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p le , ta b u la tio n s
in v o lv in g
a r e p e titiv e
a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b li s h e d .
M a y a l s o i n c l u d e t h e t r a i n i n g o f n e w e m p l o y e e s in t h e b a s i c
o p e r a t i o n o f th e m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l ic ie s , e t c .; an d s e ttin g up s im p le s ta n d a r d t a b u la t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b le s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

AND

T E C H N IC A L

D R A F T S M A N ----C o n t i n u e d

D R A FT SM A N
C la ss A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t iv e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d iffe r ■ s ig n ific a n tly fr o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s .
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f fe c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a il s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .

C la ss B .
P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p li ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , an d p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , flo o r p la n s , an d r o o f.
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it i e s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e
fro m
su p e rv iso r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C la ss C .
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n ,
m a n u f a c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
( d e p i c t i n g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s t o c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f

M A IN T E N A N C E

CARPEN TER,

O PERATO R,

O PERATO R

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d l a y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a
v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , an d s ta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;




c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v ey n ee d e d in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils fr o m a n u m b e r of s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n i t ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
In s tr u c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p l a n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
( D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a c i n g l im i t e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t lin e s an d a l a r g e s c a l e n ot r e q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

o r r e p e titiv e

IN D U S T R IA L

d ra w in g s

of e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

ite m s.

W ork

is

c lo s e ly

su p e rv ise d

(R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t io n to ill o r
i n ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i ll o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
fa c to r y o r o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u t ie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i ll o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

AND

PO W ERPLANT

CARPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; an d s e le c t in g m a t e r ia l s n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

15
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t io n , o r u t i li z a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e sta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
In s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g an y o f a v a r ie t y of
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t i n g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u i p m e n t ; w o r k i n g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s i n g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; an d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r in g an d
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a i n t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s:
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g an d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n .
M ay a lso su ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e ra tio n s.
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s t o f u r n i s h t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h i c h e m p l o y e d w i t h h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u i p m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o ls ; an d p e r f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k t h e
h e lp e r i s p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s t h e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
f i n e d t o s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o l d i n g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n i n g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; a n d in
o th e r s he is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO OLRO OM

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e
l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e -sh o p t o o ls , g a g e s , ji g s , fix t u r e s , o r d ie s .
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h i n i n g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t in g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n to
a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e t o le r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h e n t o o ls n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g an d l u b r i c a t in g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e j o b b i n g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n e w p a r t s in m a k i n g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
In te rp r e tin g
w r itte n in s t r u c t io n s an d s p e c if ic a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o rk ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in is t 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c is i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t i o n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t ie s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s
t h a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c in g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g an d a d ju s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g an d in s t a llin g




A U T O M O T IV E

(M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; an d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t in g b r a k e s a n d l ig h t s , o r t ig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f t h e a u t o m o t i v e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g :
E x a m in in g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a i n l y in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b t a in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w r itte n s p e c if ic a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d fr o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b li n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h o se p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c if ic a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls an d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l in g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

g re ase ,

th e

m o v in g

p a rts

o r w e a r in g

su rfa c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d f ix t u r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g :
K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u li a r i t i e s an d ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t
a p p li c a t io n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p la c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o t h e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , t h e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o t h e r t y p e s o f p i p e a n d p i p e f i t t i n g s in a n
e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o u t o f w o r k an d m e a s u r in g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l in g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o r k i n v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t io n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a llin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n i n g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w i t h a p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r ' s s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a. f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u i v a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
SH E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r t h e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u i p m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u te s, d u c ts,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g an d la y in g
out a ll ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c if ic a t io n s ;
se ttin g u p an d o p e r a tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

16
SH E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

TO O L AND

h a n d to o ls in c u t t in g , b e n d in g , f o r m in g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b li n g ; an d i n s t a l l in g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE
(D ie

M AKER

m a k e r; jig

m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; fix tu r e

m ak er;

gage

m aker)

C o n stru c ts an d r e p a ir s m a c h in e - sh o p t o o ls , g a g e s , ji g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o t h e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b l u e p r in t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

C U S T O D IA L

GUARD AND

AND

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r;

OR

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o ls an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o lin g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d t o o ls an d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l it i e s ; w o rk in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ;
fittin g an d a s s e m b li n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o le r a n c e s an d a llo w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r ia ls , to o ls , an d p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e t o o l a n d d i e m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d
t r a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o lr o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

sh o p s

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s i f ic a t io n .

S H IP P IN G

W ATCHM AN

W a tc h m a n .
M akes
an d ille g a l e n try .

ro u n d s

of p re m ise s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g

p ro p e rty

a g a in st fir e ,

CLEAN ER

A N D R E C E IV IN G

M A T E R IA L

m ak ers

in

t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CLERK

w age

stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g

w o rk ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

c le r k

T R U C K D R IV E R

H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r an d s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; sto c k m a n o r s to c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a r e h o u se h e lp e r)
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e o n o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

D r i v e s a t r u c k w i t h in a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a t o t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s an d
c u sto m e r s* h o u se s o r p la c e s of b u sin e ss.
M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

as

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s iz e an d ty p e
fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

o f e q u ip m e n t,

F IL L E R

(O rd e r

p ic k e r;

sto ck

s e le c to r ; w a re h o u se

sto c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w it h s p e c i f i c a t i o n s o n s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , i n a d d i t i o n
to f il l in g o r d e r s an d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s it io n a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d riv e r
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

d ie

ch arw o m an ; ja n itr e s s )
For

O RDER,

to o l an d

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r ia l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , an d r a te ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f l a d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f il e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s :
V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g t h e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and file s .

C le a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f ix t u r e s
o r t r i m m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h i n g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T

G u ard .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r fo r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e sta tio n e d at g a te an d
c h e c k o n id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

th e ft,

D IE

( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
l i g h t ( u n d e r 1 V2 t o n s )
m e d iu m (IV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

PO W ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h i p m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h i p p i n g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g :
K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g a n d s e a l in g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s ta b lis h m e n t.

m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d
g a s o lin e m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a

o r e le c tric -p o w e r e d
t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s:
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

pow er
pow er

( fo r k lift )
(o th e r th a n f o r k lift)

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the la t e s t av a ila b le bulletins is p resen te d below. A d ire c to ry of a r e a wage stu dies including m o re lim ited stu dies conducted at the
re q u e s t of the Wage and Hour and Public C o n tra c ts D iv isio ns of the Department of L a b o r is a v a ila b le on re q u est. Bulletins m ay be p urch ase d from
the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Govern ment Printing Office, Washington, D . C . , 20402, or fro m any of the B L S regional s a l e s o ffices shown on
the inside front co v er.
A rea
Akron, Ohio, Ju ly 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , M ar. 1 9 6 9 * ----------Albuquerque, N. Mex. , A p r. 1969--------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem— a sto n , P a . — J . ,
E
N.
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1969-----------------------------------------B a l t im o r e , Md. , Sept. 1968 1 -------------------------------Beaumont— o rt A rthur—
P
Orange, Tex. , May 1969 1 ----Binghamton, N. Y. , Ju ly 1968 *------------------------------B irm in gh a m , A la. , A pr. 1969 1------------------------------B o is e City, Idaho, J u ly 1968 1---------------------------------Boston, M a s s . , Sept. 1968 1 ----------------------------------Buffalo, N. Y. , Nov. 1968 1-------------------------------------Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1969 1----------------------------------Canton, Ohio, May 1969— --- ---------------------------------C h arlesto n, W. Va. , A pr. 1969-----------------------------C harlotte, N. C. , M ar. 1969-----------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn. — a . , Sept. 1968 1 --------------------G
C hicago, 111., A p r. 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M ar. 1969 1------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1968 1---------------------------------Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1968 1 --------------------------------D a l la s , T e x . , Nov. 1968 1--------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa— ,
111.
Dayton, Ohio, Ja n . 1 9 6 9 ^ --------------------------------------Denver, C o l o . , Dec. 1 968-------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, M a r . 196 9--------------------------------D etroit, Mich. , J a n . 1969 1 ___________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1968 1________________________
G reen Bay, Wis. , Ju ly 1968 1--------------------------------G reen ville, S . C . , May 1969 1--------------------------------Houston, T e x . , May 1969 1------------------------------------Indianapolis, In d., Dec. 1968 1________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1__________________________
J a c k s o n v i l le , F l a . , Ja n . 1969 1-------------------------------K a n s a s City, Mo. — ans. , Sept. 1968 1--------------------K
L a w ren ce—
Haverhill, M a s s . — H. , June 1969----------N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k . , Ju ly 1968 1------L o s A n ge les—
Long B e a ch and Anaheim—
Santa A n a G ard en Grove, C alif. , M ar. 1969 1-----------------------L o u isv ille , K y . —
Ind. , Nov. 196 8______________________
Lubbock, Tex. , M a r. 1969____________________________
M an ch ester, N. H. , July 1968 1------------------------------M em phis, T e n n .— rk . , Nov. 1968--------------------------A
M iami, F l a . , Dec. 1968 1--------------------------------------Midland and O d e ss a , T e x . , M a r. 1 969--------------------Milwaukee, Wis. , A pr. 1969----------------------------------

Bulletin number
and p rice
1575-84,
1625-56,
1625-67,

35 cents
35 cents
30 cents

1575-86,
1625-77,
1625-8,
1625-75,
1625-3,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1625-63,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
35
35
35
35
50
50
35
30
30
30
35
50
45
50
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1625-79,
1625-11,

30
35
30
30
50
35
35
35
45
35
35
35
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-78,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1625-66,

50
30
30
35
30
35
25
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a t a o n e s t a b li s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v isio n s a r e a l s o p r e s e n te d .




A rea
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Ja n . 1969_____________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich. , May 1969--------New ark and J e r s e y City, N. J . , J a n . 1969_____________
New Haven, Conn. , Ja n . 1969 ________________________
New O rle a n s, L a . , F e b . 1969 1________________________
New York, N. Y. , A pr. 1 96 8__________________________
Norfolk— o rtsm o u th and Newport News—
P
Hampton, Va. , June 1 96 8------------------------------------Oklahoma City, O k la. , Ju ly 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------Omaha, N e b r . —
Iowa, Oct. 1968 1 ----------------------------P a t e r so n —
Clifton— a s s a i c , N. J . , May 1968 1 -----------P
Philadelphia, P a . — J . , Nov. 1968 ___________________
N.
Phoenix, A r iz . , M ar. _1969___________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , J a n . 1969-----------------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1 96 8__________________________
Portland, O reg. —
Wash. , May 1969-------------------------Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R. I . — a s s . ,
M
May 1969 1___________________________________________
Raleigh, N. C. , Aug. 1968 1 ----------------------------------Richmond, Va. , M a r. 1969------------------------------------R o c h e st e r , N.Y. (office occupations only), J u ly 1968 l__
Rockford, 111. , May 1969___ __________________________
St. L o u is, M o .—
111. , M a r . 1969 1----------------------------Salt La k e City, Utah, Dec. 1968 ______________________
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1969 1------------------------------San B e rn ard in o — i v e r s i d e —
R
Ontario, C alif. ,
Oct. 1968 1--------------------------------------------------------San Diego, C a l i f . , Nov. 1968_________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, C a l i f . , Oct. 1968____________
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------Savannah, Ga. , May 1969--------------------------------------Scranton, P a . , Ju ly 1 96 81____________________________
Seattle— v e re t t, W a sh ., Nov. 1968 1__________________
E
Sioux F a l l s , S. Dak. , Oct. 1968 1 ____________________
South Bend, In d., M ar. 1969__________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1969_________________________ !_
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , Ju ly 1968 1 ----------------------------------T am pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1 9 6 8 _____________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , F e b . 1969 1 _____________________
Trenton, N. J . , Oct. 1968 1___________________________
Utica— o m e, N. Y. , Ju ly 1968 1 -----------------------------R
Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , Sept. 1 9 68_____________
Waterbury, C onn ., M a r . 1969________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
Wichita, K a n s . , Dec. 1968 ___________________________
W o rc este r, M a s s . , June 1969--------------------------------York, P a . , F e b . 1969 _________________________________
Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1 9 68________________
W

Bulletin number
and price
1625-47,
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1575-78,

35
30
40
30
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1625-20,
1625-76,

30
30
35
40
50
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-74,
1625-13,
1625-69,
1625-2,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1625-36,
1625-85,

35
35
30
35
30
50
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
1625-21,
1625-68,
1625-12,
1625-43,
1625-23,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
35
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. D EP A R T M E N T OF LABO R

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

i-------------------------------------1

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS

I___________________________ I

I F IR S T C LA S S M A IL I





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102