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Area Wage Survey

The Cincinnati, Ohio—
Kentucky—
Indiana,
Metropolitan Area
March 1969

1625-63




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

R E G IO N h i
pmu- a o eu ph ja

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phones 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Cincinnati, Ohio—K entucky—Indiana,




M etropolitan Area
March 1969

Bulletin No. 1625-63
July 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore. Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing OfFice, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 45 cents




P reface
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual o c c u p a ­
tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta
on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ­
t a r y w a ge p r o v i s i o n s .
It y i e l d s d e t a il e d d a ta by s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h of the a r e a s s t u d i e d , fo r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and
f o r the U nited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s the
n eed f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t into (1 ) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s by o c c u p a ­
tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2 ) the s t r u c t u r e and l e v e l of
w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s st u d ie d into one b u lle tin .
The second p ar t p r e ­
s e n t s in f o r m a t io n which h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the U nited S t a t e s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in the p r o g r a m .
In e a c h
a r e a , i n f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h i s b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y in C in c in n a ti,
Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , in M a r c h 1969. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l
A r e a , a s d e fin ed by the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h ro u gh J a n u a r y 1968,
c o n s i s t s of C l e r m o n t , H a m ilto n , and W a r r e n C o u n t i e s , Ohio; B o o n e ,
C a m p b e l l , and K en ton C o u n t i e s , K y . ; and D e a r b o r n C oun ty , Ind. T h i s
study w a s co nd ucted by the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111. ,
u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of W oodrow C . L i n n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
D ir e c to r for O peratio n s.

At the end of e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin p r e s e n t s
s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
A f t e r c o m p l e ti o n of a l l of the
in d iv id u a l a r e a b u ll e ti n s f o r a ro und of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m ­
m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
The f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h of the

Contents
Page
In trod uction _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s __________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1
5

T ables:
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s within sc o p e of s u r v e y and n u m b e r st u d ie d _____________________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w e ek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _____________________________________________________________________________________________________




NOTE:

S i m i l a r t a b u l a t io n s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r o t h e r a r e a s .

(S e e i n s id e b a c k c o v e r . )

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on e a r n i n g s in the C in cin n a ti a r e a a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d food s e r v i c e
and la u n d r y and d r y c le a n in g o c c u p a t io n s ( M a r c h 1969).
Union s c a l e s , i n d ic a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p ay
l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ildin g c o n s tr u c ti o n ; p rin tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r ­
t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d o c c u p a t io n s .

iii

4
6

Contents— Continued
Page
T a b le s— Continued
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :
-1.
O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m e n ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
m
- l a . O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n and w o m en __________________ ._________________________________________________________
l
m
-2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m en ------------------------------m
-2a.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n and w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------l
m
-3 .
O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m en c o m b in e d _____________________________________
m
-3a.
O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n and w o m en c o m b i n e d _______________________________
l
m
-4'.
M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________________________________________________________________________________
-4a.
M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _____________________________________________________________________
l
-5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ________________________________________________________________________________________
-5a.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s _______________________________________________________________
l

7
10
12
12
13
14
15
16
17
19

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m en o f f ic e w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________________
B-2.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B-6.
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s _________________________________________________________________________________________________
B-7.
M ethod of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n and fr e q u e n c y of p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

20
21
22
23
24
27
28

>>>>>>>>>>

A.

B.

A ppen dix.




O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ,

29

Area Wage Survey---The Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 of 90 in which the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d ucts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f ie l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t iv e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s within s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and other p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s tr u c ti o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e th e y tend to f u r n i s h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t ip n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c lu sio n . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t io n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s whic h m e e t p u b l i ­
ca tio n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sh own fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o rk a r e g u l a r w e e k ly sc h e d u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s . N on produ ction b o n u s e s a r e . e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l lo w a n c e s and incentive e a r n i n g s a r e in clu de d. W here w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r offic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the
s t a n d a r d w o rk w ee k (rou n de d to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in gs fo r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s have b ee n ro un de d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a t e s . I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, t h u s , c o n trib u te d if f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
The p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d or d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id ual e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s fo r m e n and w o m en in any of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s
within ind iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
co n trib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay f o r m e n and w o m e n inclu de: D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n within e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e only the
a c t u a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o ll e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , alth ough the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
within the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than t h o s e u s e d in ind iv id ual e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a llo w fo r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e cond ucted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t invo lv ed in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
obtain o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m i n im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of
l a r g e than of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s stu d ie d . In co m bin in g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e below the m i n im u m s i z e stu d ied .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e of the
follow in g t y p e s : (1) O ffice c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p ow e rp la n t; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a cc o u n t of in ter e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s within the s a m e jo b .
The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the a p p en d ix . The e a r n i n g s d a t a follow ing
the jo b t i t l e s a r e fo r a l l i n d u s t r i e s co m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a fo r s o m e
of the o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ithin o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n i s too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of ind iv id ual e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s within the sc o p e of the stu dy and not the n u m b e r
a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t io n a l em p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d s e r v e only to in d ic ate
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of the j o b s s t u d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n i n g s d a ta .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n t a r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

In f o r m a tio n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s they
r e l a t e to p lan t and o f fic e w o r k e r s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e u ti l iz e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . " P l a n t w o r k e r s " include

2

w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (including l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n on o ffice fu n c tio n s. " O f f i c e w o r k e r s "
inclu de w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e l a t e d fu n c tio n s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u strie s.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n offic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e only to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of the op tim u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b il i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l ik e ly to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the ta b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e l im it e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s in fo r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s of t o t a l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t, and (2) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d on the s p e c i f i e d sh ift at the t i m e of the
s u r v e y . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h avin g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the amount
ap p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no am ount a p p l ie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w hich s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
only if it a p p l ie d to a m a j o r i t y of the sh ift h o u r s .
The sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (table B - 3 ) of a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a pp ly in g to
a l l of the p lan t or offic e w o r k e r s of that e s t a b l i s h m e n t . S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ich f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h ether they w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s ; and f r e q u e n c y of w a ge p ay m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h ro u gh B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
plant o r offic e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of su c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b le or
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s of ind iv id ual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 7 m a y not eq u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
ro un ding.
D a t a on p a i d h o li d a y s (table B - 4 ) a r e l im it e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d for
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) have b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d by c u s t o m . H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e inclu ded ev en though th e y m a y f a l l on a non­
w o r k d a y and the w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o th er d a y off. The f i r s t

p a r t of the p a i d h o li d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r of whole and h a lf
h o li d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s whole and h a lf
h o li d a y s to show t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a t i o n p l a n s (table B - 5 ) i s l im it e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s . It i s not intended a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of an e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p ly in g to a l l plan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p ay m e n t on
o th e r than a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p ay m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a nn u al e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
a len t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s and
t h o s e w hich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s beyond b a s i c
p la n s to w o r k e r s with q u a lify in g le n g th s of s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of su ch
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l , a l u m in u m , and ca n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s (table B - 6 ) i n ­
clu de t h o s e p la n s f o r w hich the e m p l o y e r p a y s at l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in clu de t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n by a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d th ro u g h a union fund o r p a i d d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out of c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fun ds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r t h is p u r p o s e . An e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a ve a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to be c o v e r e d u n d er the
p la n , ev en if l e s s than a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to co n trib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n . L e ­
g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to that type of
i n s u r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d d u rin g i l l n e s s or a c c id e n t d i s a b i l i t y . In f o r m a tio n i s
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l su c h p la n s to whic h the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H ow ­
e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich have e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d only if the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e than i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with b e n e f i t s w hich e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of the la w . T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e
l im it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 which p r o v i d e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n of the
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s . S e p a r a t e
t a b u l a t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p la n s w hich p r o v i d e fu ll p ay
and no w a itin g p e r i o d , and (2) p l a n s w h ich p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p ay
o r a w a itin g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n of the p r o p o r t io n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p aid
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l i s shown of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e it h e r o r both t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the'
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a j o r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e of s i c k n e s s and i n ju r y in volvin g e x p e n s e s beyond
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s . S u ch p la n s m a y be u n d e r w r it t e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th e y m a y
be p a i d f o r b y the e m p l o y e r out of a fund s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t i o n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e p la n s
th at p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r ' s l if e .
M ethod of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n (tab le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d er v a r i o u s t i m e and i n ­
ce n tiv e s y s t e m s . U nd er a s in g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p aid
to a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in the s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . An in d iv id ­
u al w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p aid a b o v e o r below the si n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m i n im u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n ce d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e jo b . I n f o r m a ti o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e th o d of p r o g r e s s i o n th ro u g h the r a n g e . In the a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , the q u a l i f i c a t i o n s of the ind iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m in e
the p a y r a t e . In f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of in c en tive p la n s i s p r o v i d e d only
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the low in c id e n c e of s u c h p la n s f o r offic e
w o r k e r s . U nd er a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e i s p aid
f o r e a c h unit of output. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p ro d u c t io n
o v e r a qu ota o r c o m p l e ti o n of a jo b in l e s s than s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a t io n of a s t a t e d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .
D a t a on f r e q u e n c y
ta b le B - 7 .

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

p r o v i d e d in

4

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in C in c in n a t i, O h io — y .— n d ., 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 M a r c h 1969
K
I
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

A ll e s ta b lish m e n ts
A ll d i v i s i o n s _

_

_

_

_ - _

M a n u fa c tu r in g ___ ______ _
_
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________ ________________ __ ____
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le sa le t r a d e
__
_
R e t a i l t r ade____— ___________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8 ----------------------------------------------------

_

916

222

2 5 3 ,0 0 0

100

160, 500

4 2 ,5 0 0

1 5 2 ,1 5 0

50
-

457
459

104
' 18

1 6 1 ,8 0 0
9 1 ,2 0 0

64
36

1 0 8 ,8 0 0
5 1 ,7 0 0

2 1 ,8 0 0
2 0 ,7 0 0

9 5 ,4 9 0
5 6 ,6 6 0

50
50
50
50
50

75
105
133
56
90

30
15
29
17
27

2 6 ,3 0 0
1 0 , 100
30, 700
1 2 ,6 0 0
1 1 ,5 0 0

10
4
12
5
5

1 4 ,8 0 0
(6)
(6)
(7)
(6)

4 ,4 0 0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

2 1 ,2 6 0
2 , 290
1 9 ,4 9 0
8 , 060
5, 560

L a r g e e s ta b lish m e n ts
-

A ll d iv i s i o n s
M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ___
. . .
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8 ----------------------------------------------------

100

81

140, 000

100

8 3 ,2 0 0

2 6 ,8 0 0

1 2 7 ,1 0 0

500
-

67
33

49
32

9 6 ,3 0 0
4 3 , 700

69
31

6 0 , 300
2 2 , 900

1 5 ,2 0 0
1 1 ,6 0 0

8 4 ,0 0 0
4 3 ,1 0 0

500
500
500
500
500

11
1

11

1 7 ,8 0 0
600
1 5 ,9 0 0
7, 000
2, 400

11

9
8

4

1

9
7
4

13
(9)
5

2

8 , 700
( 6)
(6)

3 , 600
(6)
(6)
(6)
( 6)

0

(6)

1 7 ,8 0 0
600
1 5 ,9 0 0
6 ,4 0 0
2, 4 0 0

1 T h e C in c in n a t i S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s of C l e r m o n t , H a m ilto n , a n d W a r r e n C o u n tie s , O h io ; B o o n e ,
C a m p b e ll , an d K e n to n C o u n t ie s , K y .; a n d D e a r b o r n C o u n ty , In d .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d
c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u t le ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s ; (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s not
d e s ig n e d i n it i a l ly to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b ut f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n of d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , an d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t io n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
9 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




T h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e C in c in n a t i a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _________________________________ 19
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ______________________________ 14
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _________________________________ 12
C h e m ic a ls an d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _____________________________10
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ________________________________ 9
P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g _____________________________________ 7
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t an d s u p p l i e s -------------------------------- 6

T h e fo llo w in g

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s --------—---------------------------------------------M e ta lw o r k in g m a c h in e r y -----------------------------------------------M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u ip m e n t______________________________
S o a p , c l e a n e r s , a n d t o i l e t g o o d s ___________________________
B e v e r a g e s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

9
9
9
6
4

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s m a y d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s of ch an ge
in a v e r a g e - s a l a r i e s of o f fic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r i o d (date of the a r e a s u r v e y co n d u cte d
betw een J u l y I9 6 0 and J u n e 1961).
S u b tr a c t in g 100 f r o m the index
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e ch an ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d ate of the in d ex.
The p e r c e n t a g e s of ch an ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a ge c h a n g e s b etw een the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s of ch an ge in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; they a r e not intended
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w age
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e ek ly s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w ork w eek ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s fo r o v e r t i m e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , exc lud in g
p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
The p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on da ta f o r s e l e c t e d key o c c u ­
p a tio n s and inclu de m o s t of the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s within
e a c h g ro u p .
L i m i t a t i o n s of D ata

Method of C om p utin g
E a c h of the s e l e c t e d k ey o c c u p a t io n s within a n o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a weight b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t io n a t e em p lo y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p .
T h e s e c o n s ta n t w e ig h ts r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p l o y m e n ts w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t i p li e d b y the o c c u p a t io n a l w eight, and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t io n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a le d . The a g g r e g a t e s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y dividin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The r e s u lt a n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , sh ow s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . The index
i s the p ro d u ct of m u ltip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) by the r e l a t i v e
f o r the next s u c c e e d i n g y e a r and continuing to m u ltip ly (compound)
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e by the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in d ex. A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r the follow ing o c c u p a t io n s w e r e u s e d in co m p u tin g the w a ge t r e n d s :

The i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
ch an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c ed by: (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w age c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e i v e d by i n d i ­
vid u a l w o r k e r s while in the s a m e jo b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u lt i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t io n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s with d if f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s or, d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s without a c t u a l w age c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b le
that ev en though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a ge i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d ed t h e ir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y have r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s ta n t , y et the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
C o n tin u e d
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerics, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerics, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




The u s e of c o n s ta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e l i m i n a t e s the e ffe c t
of c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of ch a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p ay for s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
They a r e not in flu e n c ed by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s su ch , o r by p r e m i u m pay
for ov ertim e.
W here n e c e s s a r y , da ta w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of ch a n ge an y si g n if i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
by c h a n g e s in the s c o p e of the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2. In d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W eekly S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u rly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s in
C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y.— d ., M a r c h 1969 and M a r c h 1968, and P e r c e n t s of I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
K
In
In d e x e s
( M a r c h 1961 = 100)
I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
M a r c h 1968
to
M a r c h 1969

M a r c h 1967
to
M a r c h 1968

M a r c h 1966
to
M a r c h 1967

M a r c h 1965
to
M a r c h 1966

M a r c h 1964
to
M a r c h 1965

M a r c h 1969

M a r c h 1968

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ___
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n and women) —
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )___________
U n s k il l e d plant ( m e n ) ________________

132.5
135.2
135.6
137.6

126.2
128.1
128.0
132.4

5.0
5.5
5.9
3.9

5.0
8.1
6.4
6.0

4.6
5.4
4 .4
3.9

2.3
1.8
3.8
5.6

2.9
3.8
2.6
2,5

M anufacturing:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ) ___
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m en and women) —
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m en )___________
U n s k il l e d plant ( m e n ) ________________

130.4
136.2
135.3
136.2

124.3
128.6
127.7
130.2

4.9
6 .0
5.9
4.7

5.1
8.6
6.6
5.6

4.2
4.0
4.9
3.7

2.5
2 .8
3.4
4.7

2.2
3.8
2.2
2.6

M a r c h 1963
to
M a r c h 1964

M a r c h 1962
to
M a r c h 1963

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m en )__
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )____________
U n s k il l e d plant ( m e n ) _________________

2.3
1.9
2.5
3.0

3.0
3.5
3.9
2.9

M an ufacturing:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en )__
S k ille d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n )____________
U n s k il l e d p lan t ( m e n ) _________________

2.2
2.5
2.7
2.4

2.7
3.0
4.0
3.1




M a r c h 1961
to
M a r c h 1962

F e b r u a r y I9 60
to
M a r c h 1961

3.6

2.7
5.3
5.2
6.0

1.0

1.6
4.8
3.3
1. 0

1.3
4.8

2.9
5.4
5.1
6.6

7

Occupational Earnings

A.

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eekly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv i s i o n , C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a rc h 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly e a r n in g s of—
Sex, occu p a tio n, and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
' standard)

$

U nder
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t
65

*

t

70

75

80

75

80

85

S ------- S
85
90

$

$

t

$

$

S

*

t

$

190

T —
200

190

200

210

9
9

6
3

2

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

S

T ------- $
170
1 80

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

130

140

15 0

1 60

95

10C

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

1
1

1
1

”

4
3

16
13

8
7

29
16

43
40

28
16

10
10

8
8

1
1

10
5

11
9

10

4
1

16
14

8
6

2

t

and
u n d er

i
65

70

90

HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CL AS S A -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------

165
127

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
1 3 7 .0 0
137 .5 0

1 3 6 .5 0

$
$
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

“

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CL AS S B -----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

91
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

109 .0 0
106 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

-

“

1
1

1
1

12
12

12
12

-

-

CLERKS, OR DE R ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

390
261
129

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

121 .5 0
1 1 7.50
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 8.00
1 3 6 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

-

9
9

1
1

1
1

1
1

13
13

40
31
9

1
1
“

20
19
1

27
9
18

29
29

37
28
9

54
50
4

54
24
30

65
9
56

26
26

12
10

-

_
*

_
-

_
*

OF FI CE BOYS ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- :
--N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

243
140
103

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 8.5

80 .5 0
80.5 0
80.5 0

7 8 .0 0
80.5 0
7 4 .5 0

86 .5 0
86 .0 0
88 .5 0

_

38
14
24

66
36
30

29
17
12

43
35
8

27
21
6

15
4
ii

6
4
2

1
1

2
2
~

4
2
2

1
1

9
2
7

1
l

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

67

39 .5

119.50

122 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

-

-

-

1

1

7

5

1

6

6

2

17

12

5

3

1

-

-

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINEI --------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

139
51
88

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

79 .0 0
82.0 0
77.5 0

7 8 .5 0
81.0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 -

1
1

27
27

29
7
22

18
18

18
4
14

14
14
~

17
4
13

12
i
ii

2
2

BILLERS, MACHINE (B OO KK EE PI NG
MACHINE) --------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

87
58

3 9.5
3 9.5

87.0 0
91.0 0

8 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

7 4 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

7
~

18
18

4
~

17
3

9
5

7
7

2
2

7
7

16
16

B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

149
106

3 9.5
3 9 .5

102 .5 0
101 .0 0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

2

3

4
3

34
23

14
14

14
14

36
34

34
14

2
2

7

B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ---------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

274
139
135

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

89.0 0
9 1 .5 0
86.5 0

88.5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 - 99.5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 6 .5 0

13
13

6
6

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

444
270
174

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 9.50
10 7 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0
11 6 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

30

66
53
13

39
21
18

39
26
13

7
7
~

2
2
*

9
9
“

2
2

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CL AS S B ----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------

1 ,1 1 5
624
491
56

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

88.5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

8 7 .5 0
89.0 0
86.5 0
9 1 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 - 9 6 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

114
62
52

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

8 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 84.5 0

TA 8U L A T I N G — MACHINE OP ER AT OR S,
CLASS B ----------------------------

7 1 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

“

3

2
2

2

WOMEN

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




89.5 0
88.5 0
91.0 0

_
”

_

_

“

~

1
~

1
1

_

2

4
3
1

33
14
19

25
7
18

46
36
10

37
5
32

24
10
14

39
12
27

40
26
14

-

-

-

5

-

8
8

7
7

31
9

22

18
12
6

31
23
8

60
28
32

32
23
9

58
33
25

22

2

5

-

8

_

3
3

59
30
29

93
62
31

127
47
80
10

170
96
74
14

199
100
99
3

143
99
44
8

139
75
64
3

58
19
39
15

29
27
2
~

38
27
11
“

23
13
10
3

23
18
5

5
5

4
4

2
2

-

_

-

4
i
3

4
2
2

40

11
5
6

16
16

19
19
~

3
3
*

12
12
~

1
1

-

3
1
2

1

-

-

-

-

1

“

-

-

2

38

“

“

-

~
-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

~

”

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y . —Ind . , M a r c h 1969^
K
Weekly earnings^^^
(standard)
Sex, occupation,

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

workers

$

*

weekly

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

115

120

130

1 AO

15 0

1 60

170

180

190

T —
200

(standard)

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

1A0

150

1 60

170

180

190

200

210

29
5
2A

15
10
5

7
6
i

3
2
1

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

65
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

*

$

i

70

t

*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t tim e w eekly e a r n in g s o ft
$
i
%
(
$
s
i
*
1

70

Number

i

and
u n d er

*
65

WOMEN - CONTINUED

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

579
150
379

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 8.5

$
77.5 0
8 0 .0 0
76.5 0

$
7 7 .5 0
80.5 0
7 6 .5 0

$
7 1 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

$
8 2 . 5C
8A .00
81.00

19
—
19

91
32
59

89
10
79

136
25
111

1 31
59
72

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

3A 3
69
2 7A

3 9 .0
AO. 0
38.5

71 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
71.5 0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 -

7 A .50
7 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

20
8
12

137
2A
113

112
33
79

53
A
A9

17

4

17

4

CLERKS, ORDER -------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

A 39
344
95

3 9.5
3 9.5
AO. 0

9 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

86.0 0
88.0 0
8 0 .5 0

8 0 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 2 . 0 0 - 1 0 2 . 5C
7 3 .5 0 - 85.0 0

A
3
1

6
4
2

A3
11
32

Al
31
10

11A
86
28

68
67
1

19
18
1

A2
30
12

27
19
8

11
11

25
25

1A
1A

9
9

15
15

1
1

_
-

-

_
_

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

3A5
260
85

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 3.00
1 0 0 .5 0

10 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

3
3
”

15
8
7

30
2A
6

16
10
6

28
19
9

49
AO
9

27
20
7

2A
17
7

35
27
8

26
2A
2

26
15
11

23
20
3

31
21
10

7
7
-

2
2
-

1
l
-

2
2
-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----MANUFACTURING -----------

376
17 A
202

3 9.5
AO.O'
3 9.5

89.0 0
91.0 0
8 8 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
8 A . 50
86.0 0

1
1

23
9
14

1A
14

30
10
20

116
73
43

71
21
50

27
15
12

2A
10
14

11
6
5

13
5
8

10
5
5

10
4
6

11
7
4

6
_
6

_

_

-

9
9

_

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------Plan IC UTILITIES3-----

355
125
230
70

39 .5
9 8 .0 0
3 9.5 102 .5 0
3 9 .0
95.5 0
AO.O
9 9 .0 0

9 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9A .50
1 0 0 .5 0

-

-

-

23
11
12
7

59
6
53
12

31
8
23
10

49
17
32
3

40
20
20
2

37
n
26
1A

A5
9
36
10

AO
23
17
2

2
1
1
1

10
9
1
-

16
7
9
9

2
2
-

i
1
-

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9 .0

8 6 .5 0
90.0 0
8 2 .5 0

85.0 0
88.0 0
81.5 0

7 7 .5 0 8 0 .5 0 7 A .00-

9A .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

13
4
9

61
3
58

58
21
37

149
75
7A

1 Al
72
69

123
78
A5

96
65
31

7A
A9
25

47
27
20

19
8

u

28
17
11

2
2
-

9
7
2

2
2
-

8
8
-

5
5
-

_

------------------

535
443
392

OFFICE GIRLS --------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------

209
61
IA 8

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8 .0

75.0 0
77 .0 0
7A. 50

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 -

7 9 .5 0
85.5 0
7 9 .0 0

16
5
11

45
2
A3

A2
23
19

61
12
49

19
3
16

1A
12
2

4
i
3

5
3
2

3
-

-

-

-

-

*

SECRETARP S4---------------MANUFACTURING -----------

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 8.5
AO.O

1 2 0.50
1 2 2.50
1 1 6.50
137.50

11 9 .5 0
12 1 .0 0
1 1 3.50
13 3 .0 0

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

2

9
9
-

12
3
9
~

23
6
17
~

35
13
22
-

10A
51
53

PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----

2 ,722
1,801
921
126

103
56
A7
l

128
53
75
1

2A5
15 1
94
10

2 15
1 39
76
8

2A6
166
80
6

271
217
5A
4

5 1A
396
1 18
1A

392
260
13 2
Al

16 0
11 1
49
4

119
92
27
5

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING -----------

126
79

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 A 7.00
1 A 5.50

1A1 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

-

_

-

-

-

1

-

“

-

6
6

i
i

6
5

1A
12

29
21

21
4

SECRETARIES, c l a s s b ---MANUFACTURING -----------

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8.5

129.00
1 3 2 .5 0
125 .5 0

12 7 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
128 .0 0

113 .5 0 -1 A 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

_

-

-

2

-

i
i

2

7
1
6

2A
11
13

6
4
2

2A
11
13

n

------------------

A88
244
2A A

29
1A
15

?5
15
10

34
12
22

99
56
A3

71
1A
57

, c l a s s c ---MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUEACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----

872
531
3A1
53

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 8 .5
AO.O

12A .50
1 3 0.00
1 1 6 .0 0
153 .0 0

125 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 A 2 .5 0
1 0 1 . 0 0 - 1 2 7 . 5C
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 7 3 .0 0

-

32
10
22

47
15
32

7A
25
49

39
1A
25
5

66
15
51
1

61
A5
16

-

16A
116
A8
5

SECRETE. LIES, CLASS D ---MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUTACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----

1 ,2 3 6
9A 7
289
50

3 9 .0 111 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 IA .0 0
3 8.5 1 0 3.50
AO.O 1 1 9 . 5 0

1 1 2.50
1 1 5.00
103 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 5 . 5 0 - 1 2 A . OC
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

2

1A7
111
36

I5A
13 5
19
5

170
155
15
3

237
212
25
6

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

n o n m a n u e a c t u r in g

n o n m a n u t a c t u r in g

n o n m a n u e a c t u r in g

------------------

sec r e ta r ie s

S e c fo o tn o te s a t e nd o f t a b l e .




8 1 .0 0 8 1 .5 0 8 0 .0 0 -

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 A .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
8 A .5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0

2
*

-

-

3

5
6

-

5

5

-

5

5

29
15
IA

-

2

_
-

-

-

~

-

~

-

-

9
9

u

51
25
26

6A
A2
22
1

57
27
30
1

1 5A
115
39
10

2
9

16
6
10

23
12
11

_

_

_

-

*

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

-

_
_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

57
33
2A
6

A2
27
15
IA

29
IA
15
10

3
3
2

13
13
_

17
11

ii
5

2
2

5

1

-

12
12

59
36
23

35
21
1A

26
IA
12

17
16
1

16
12
4

1

1
1

1

1 66
131
35
9

>5
60
5
2

67
60
7
4

20
IA
6
6

23
9
IA
IA

8
2
6
6

1
1

1 26
9A
32
2A

15
11
4

_

-

_

_
_
-

_

_
_

_

_
_
-

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
-

1

_
_
_

_

-

_
_

-

_

_
_

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u stry d iv is io n , C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y . — d . , M a r c h 1969)
K
In
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Average
weekly
hours1
f standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a ig h t - tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

t

t

WOMEN -

of
woikers

%

t

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

70

Se x , o c c u p a tio n , a nd i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

5
4
i
-

21
14
7
"

43
18
25
-

56
34
22
4

151
80
71
7

231
165
66
3

231
159
72
2

103
84
19
2

75
47
28
-

59
38
21
9

32
19
13
7

6
6
-

7
3
4

19
13
6

52
43
9

111
75
36

201
151
50

154
134
20

90
79
11

U nder
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
65

65

105

s

$

S

$

%

t

S

120

130

140

15 0

160

170

180

190

200

130

140

*5 0

160

170

180

190

200

210

42
19
23
18

19
7
12
12

19
12
7
7

5
5
-

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

52
37
15

62
33
29

51
36
15

21
11
10

11
11
-

7
7
-

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

_
-

_
-

110

115

_ U 0 ___ 1 1 5

l?9

and
under

C O N T IN U E D

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

1 ,0 9 2
705
387
71

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

$
9 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

$
$
8 5 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N IO R ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

852
64 3
209

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

_
-

4
4

C L A S S A -------

81

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

-

-

-

i

7

3

3

7

9

15

9

-

5

12

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

160
127

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 8 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

8 4 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

7 0 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
6 8 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0

7
7

34
34

11
11

14
14

16
14

11
8

9
6

9
6-

6
3

18
6

9
4

4
3

10
9

2
2

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

401
218
183

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 7 .0 0

-

27
27

48
8
40

67
39
28

46
19
27

45
9
36

39
26
13

33

30
15
15

32
31
1

4
3
1

5

-

-

-

-

15
18

4
4

3

-

21
19
2

T R A N S C R IB IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
G E N E R A L --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------

420
175
245

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 4 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0

1
1
-

34
2
32

93
46
47

29
10
19

53
6
47

67
35
32

47
14

29
16
13

28
9
19

7
7
-

14
13
l

4

33

1

12
11
1

£
.
2
“

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ----------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------

365
216
149

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

9 6 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

9 7 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

4
4

21
9
12

13
7
6

42
17
25

51
35
16

35
14
21

45
34
11

71
25
46

10
9
i

27

-

29
23
6

3
3

~

14
13
1

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------------

1 ,5 2 3
781

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

7 4 .5 0 7 6 .5 0 -

8 4 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

135
42

224
69

392
198

358
211

163
116

106
68

59
26

15
9

_

2
1

2
2

3
3

50

4 0 .0

8 0 .0 0

8 0 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 -

8 3 .5 0

23

21

4

2

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ,

P U B L IC

U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------

_

55
27

27
6
6

“

3

-

2

*

“

“

~

r

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

~

3
3

-

-

~

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e an i s co m p u ted fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a t e sh ow n. T h e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e lo w e r o f th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




10
Table A-la. Office Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C in c in n a ti, O h io -K y .— d ., M a rc h 1969)
In
We ekl y e ar ni ng s 1
(standard)

S e x , o c cu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Numb e r
of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g
$

wee kly
h ours 1
( standard)

M ean 2

Me d ia n 2

Mi ddl e range 2

S

$
60

%

S

%

$

*

i

tr a ig h t - tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of —
$

*

t

i

(

*

*

t

*

t

i

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

-

65

“

-

-

1
l

1
1

4

7
7

16
16

19

6
6

-

16

8
8

2

12

7
7

6

3

3
3

15

*

3

-

-

16
16

12
12

17

24
24

9
9

17
17

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4

-

9

1
1

i
i

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
u n der
65

70

‘

MEN
C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A
M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------

95
83

3 9 .5

$
1 4 1 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 3 9 .0 0

$
1 4 0 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0

$
$
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 7 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

C L E R K S , O R DER -------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------

126
125

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

O F F I C E B O Y S — ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------

157
95
62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

8 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

7 4 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 -

8 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

8 2 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

8 4 .0 0

55

3 9 .5

1 2 0 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B ----------------------------------------

~
*

“

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

4
4

2
2

1
1

8
7

9

17
3
14

29
12
17

19
9

22
21
1

5
4

4

2
2

2

-

i

2
2

1
1

10

43
35
8

~

”

2

“

2
7

-

-

-

1

-

1

7

5

1

4

2

2

11

12

5

12
7

21
15
6

33

15

11
8

30
3

28
26

7
7

2

12
3

32
21

5

25
23
2

19

-

16
9
7

15

-

1
-

17

-

11

2

-

84
72
12

76
67
9

47
35
12

32
19
13

29
27
2

32
27
5

15
13
2

23
18
5

5
5

4
4

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

9

17

-

~

3

i

-

-

-

9
9

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

WOMFN
C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------------

237
187

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

50

3 9 .0

1 1 2 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T IN G , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----- *
--------------------------

528
377
151

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

9 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 9 6 .0 0

3
-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

C LERKS,

F IL E ,

C LASS

A ----------------------

1

-

3

11
6
5

25
13
12

63
21
42

77
48
29

76

3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 -

9 7 .0 0

-

-

1

4

26

7

16

10

3

4

i

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------

232
62
170

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 8 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 -

8 5 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

7
-

28
5
23

32
8
24

88
19
69

17
6

27
5
22

15
10
5

7
6
1

2
2

_

_

-

-

1
1

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ----------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------

150
123

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 -

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

8

47
35

43
40

37
33

i i

164
157

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

9 7 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

4
3

6
4

5
5

14
14

22
21

14
13

12
11

14
13

6
6

ii

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

179
131

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

_

_

4
4

14
12

14
10

17
8

12
7

16
11

10
8

C O M P TO M ETER O P E R A T O R S ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------------

197
63
134

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

8 8 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

i

-

4
1

14
-

30
10

34
7

26
9

15
3

10
4

7 9 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

i

3

14

20

27

17

12

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G
-----------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------- —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------

2 39
91

-

34
6
28

25
8
17

28
14
14

12

10

3

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

~

4
4

C L E R K S , O R DER --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------

2

9 0 .0 0

7

i i

u

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
25

14
14

9
9

7
7

i
i

_

_

_

_

_

_

16
13

13
11

22
12

16
13

13
10

7
7

_

-

11
3
8

8
3
5

8
2
6

11
7
4

6
-

-

9
9

6

10
5
5

6

-

-

23
8

26
8

34
9

18
12

25
10

16
7
9

1
1
-

10
9

15
2

2
2
-

i
-

-

-

16
7
9
9

-

-

17
8
9

20

2
2

9
7

2
2

8
8

5
5

-

2

-

-

-

211
172
39

353
275
78
10

128

103
84
19
5

u

3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0

9 7 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

-

23

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 2 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

9 9 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

-

-

-

148

-

-

65

4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0

9 7 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

11
12
7

K EY P U N C H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ---------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------- ------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------------

556
348
208

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

8 8 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 8 4 .0 0 -

9 7 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

_

88
39
49

90
46
44

93
69
24

85
65
20

45
25

9 3 .5 0

23
10
13

55
44

7 7 .5 0 -

14
1
13

11

20

O F F IC E

G I R L S ------------------------------------------------------------------

108

3 8 .5

7 8 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 -

8 4 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

13
5

33
29

16
13

4

“

21
19

4

3 7 .5

7 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

14

74

2

3

i

2
2

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 ------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------

1 ,8 7 5

1 2 4 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

54

139

155

174

i

1

7
4
3

54

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 7 1 .5 0

1
1
-

40

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0

1
-

16

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 4 8 .0 0

i
-

l
15

15
25

28
26

26
28

99
40

108
47

“

“

“

”

“

~

133
41
1

3

_

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le ,




1 ,3 4 2
533
91

3 9 .0

3
3
3
4

9
9
8
0

.0
.0
.5
.0

-

i

17
3

i

- .

1

3

_

2
2

i

*

-

_

-

i
i

2
2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
31
14
6

4 2

29
14
15
10

-

~

306
219
87
35

92
36
4

?7
15
14

3
3
2

13
13
-

11
Table A-la.

Office Occupations—Large Establishments—Men and W omen— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C in c in n a ti, O hio— y.— d ., M a rc h 1969)
K
In
Weekly earnings ^
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
t

Number

Se x , o c c u p a tio n , a n d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

of
workers

standard)

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S E C R E T A R IE S 4 -

t

$

$

$

t

$

t

t

$

i

t

$

$

S

t

t

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

IC O

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

16 0

17 0

18 0

190

200

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

l

1

l

12

‘" l

Fz

in
re

FT

and
under
65

WOMEN -

%

S
60

C O N T IN U E D

C O N T IN U E D
67

?

$
$
I v O . j 0 1 '7 . 0 0

$________ $

1

_

117

.t_

M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------

3 8 .5

402

- *_
*
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

i/
ia
13n *• n n

1 3 4 .5 0

13 1 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

3

nn
i7 i"n n

1/7

1

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

-

-

-

l
-

1 5 9 .5 0

17 6
I /

cn

Tn An ^

"n n

4 0 *0

1 1 1 *5 0

3 8 .5

1 0 2 .0 0

0

504
179

1
1

1

1

7 nn

rt2

5

-

;

i

r

94

FT

iZ

FT

9

7

53

r5

7
in n

j

nn

9 9 .5 0

FT
ro

2

9 7 nn
1 1 5 .0 0
im

N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------------

3
11

10

15

an
30

34

45
29

96
63

13 5
11 2

ro

113
La

Fz

. Z

u

I 7

1

FT

1

.

fa

A

60

67
60

20
14

23
9

2

-

—

-

-

-

-

*

1
2

24

2

6

23

3

A

B

1

1

/ nn
i i / nn r . f *9 9
i nr '•n i 0 l
3 • > 10 . 5 0 1 n 6".n n
0
o/

3

F

5

7

171

37
F?
■

n?
LA
F4

1f 7

FT
r4
73 1LA

TF
*T

1in

fr
LA

^ in
Zl

ZB

FT
*

FT

7
3

4

9 3 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

6

9

3
8

36

40

20

'

u

12

1
to " ?

•5

ot*

nn

07 .
2*

7

nn
0

7

2
2

3
3

7

12

4

3

4

3

-

-

-

-

-

33
26

15
14

13
13

9
9

7
7

5
4

4
3

3
2

2
2

-

-

-

~

24
15

39
32

29
11

42
34

26
25

6
6

27
27

17
15

3
3

14
13

-

_
*

-

“

-

“

"

71

61

52

23

9

-

3

1

2

3

3

*

“

“

~

-

*

S W IT C H B O A P U O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

-

-

2

3

i

155
109

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

8 7 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

7 8 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0

1
1

2
2

25
10

18
10

18
6

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

243
193

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

9 6 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

-

_

7
5

9

------------------------------------

348

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

8 4 .0 0

77 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 -

*

30
44

68
86

M A N U FA C T U R IN G

244

9 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

22
34

7

8

2

2
2

3

T R A N S C R IE IN C - M A C H IN E OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ----------------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------T Y P IS T S , C LA S S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

'

6
4

51

3

2

1
to th e se
2
3
4

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w eek f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
w ee k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d

12
Table A-2. Professional and Technical O ccupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , C in c in n a ti, O h io— y .— d ., M a rc h 1969)
K
In
Weekly earnings*
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

Average
weekly

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

t

S

S

$

S

S

S

$

75

80

85

90

$

100

S

110

*

120

S

130

*

190

$

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

290

over

and
u n d er

Median *

f standard)

l

70

65

70
MEN
$

9 0 . 0 1 8 1 .0 0 1 7 9 . 0 0
9 0 . 0 1 7 5 .0 0 1 7 6 .0 0
9 0 . 0 202.00 2 0 2 . 5 0

1 6 7 .5 0 1 6 9 .0 0 1 8 2 .5 0 -

1 9 3 .0 0
1 8 5 .5 0
2 1 9 .5 0

1
1

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 5 0 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0 1 9 8 . 5 0

1 3 9 .0 0 1 3 8 .5 0 -

1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 8 .5 0

98
89

121
112

331
301

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0 1 2 1 . 0 0
1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0 1 1 2 .0 0 -

1 2 9 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0

96
31

26
18

62
57

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

132
115

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------

366
280

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------

519
953

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------------D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S -------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------

86

36
39
2

93
39
9

88
80
8

69
97
22

29
20
9

123
119

82
61

33
18

8
8

11
6

9
2

3
-

-

-

-

28
11
17

-

36
21
15

-

2
2

-

7 1 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
7 0 . 5 0 - 8 8 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

8 1 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

29
29

WOMEN
N U R S E S , I N D U S T R IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D )
M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------

1 3 5 .0 0 1 3 3 . 0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 3 3 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 -

27
29

27

1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 3 .5 0

22

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u rs.
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

Table A-2a.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Large Establishments—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , C in c in n a ti, O hio— y .— d ., M a rc h 1969)
K
In
Weekly am ings1
ard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of —
$

Average
weekly

$

t

100

$

( standard)

U nder
M .a n *

Middle range i

Median 2

s

$

t

$

$

*

$

$

t

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

190

195

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

200

105

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

11C

115

120

125

130

135

190

195

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

200

210

21
20

5
5

and
u nder

$

100

MEN
$

$

$

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G --------------------------------------

211
195

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 7 2 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

1 7 6 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 0 .5 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

8
8

13
13

8
7

19
18

8
7

20
17

19
19

34
32

27
27

25
18

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

311
305

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

1 9 8 .0 0 1 9 9 .5 0
1 9 8 .0 0 1 9 9 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

_

_

1
1

1
1

4
4

6
6

17
17

26
26

38
38

39
39

32
29

37
37

99
93

39
39

18
16

7
7

2
2

3
3

2
2

DR AFTSM EN,

165
150

3 9 .5

1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0

6

10
10

27
27

31
30

22

18
18

17

7

5

5

3

_

_

3

_

_

_

21

110

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

3
3

-

9

6

11
10

23
20

4
4

1
1

7
7

3
3

4
4

-

6

13
12

1

6

17
13

-

“

“

l

C L A S S C --------------------------------

1 1 9 .5 0

$

-

u
ii

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

5
2

1

WOMEN
N U R S E S , IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

94

1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0 - 1 9 5 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

-

“

2
2

~

-

“

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




13

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C in c in n a ti, O hio— y I n d . , M a rc h 1969)
K
Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number

of

$3 . 5 0
8

158
51

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

26
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) —
MANUFACTURING ——
— — — — ——————
— —

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

4 0 .0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

86.5 0
89.5 0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

39.5

$
89.5 0

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

89.0 0
9 1 .5 0
86.5 0

i o cn
n

362
125
237
77

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

125 0 0
112! 5 0
116.00

112
61
51

39.5
39.5
39.0

1 1 5.00
1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 8.50

4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0

3 9 .0

9 0 .5 0

3 8 .5

9 6.50

1,527

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

7 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

3 9.0

79.5 0

TR ANS CRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

3 9 .0

4 0 .0

1 2 0 .5 0
122 .5 0
116 .5 0
138 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 4 7 .0 0
145.50

39 0
39*0
3 8 .5

1 29.00

3 9.5

3 9.0

9 0 .0 0

127
79

3 9 .0

88.0 0

49
/1

^62
52

?o *o
3 9 .5

96.0 0
84 .5 0

150
383

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 0 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

3A3
69
274

39 0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

71 50
7 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

A -----------------------

245

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

077
531
346
54

4 0 .0

12 4 .5 0
1 3 0.00
1 1 6.50
1 5 3.50

1 ,2 3 7
947
290

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

11 1 .5 0
1 1 4.00
1 0 3 .r0

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 2 6.00

A

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------0

^, r r r ,. r ^, *„„ ^
-

MANUFACTURING
829
605
226

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

10 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 ‘
1 0 8 .5 0

-----------------

39 0

39.5
39.0

1 093
705
388
72

30 5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8.5

1 0 3.50
103 .5 0
103 .0 0

3 9 .5

PR OFE SSI ONA L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

UA 1
Kr

L Aj A
L5
— — — —— —
— — — ——
—— — — —

MANUFACTURING

86

4 0 .0

531

4 0 .0

352

40.0

112 .0 0

373
279

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

105 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

852
643
209

29

LL 5y rAK L
L
T UL

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
88.5 0

365

452
201
251

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

f~ILCy C LA SS

39.0

$

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

516

CLCRKSy

3 9 .5

175

82*50

?-In
130

,,

3 9 .0

2 ,7 3 0
1,801

O F F IC E BOYS AND G I R L S --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------N0NHANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
— — — —— — —

SECRETARIES, CLASS

CLASS

401

9 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
102 .5 0

392

1 ,2 0 6

riLC y

0 4 .0 0

86.5 0

397
212

CL ERKSy

88.00

3 9 .5

160

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------3 9 .0

102 50
101.00

274
139
135

39.5

CONTINUE0
C LA SS B -------

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S -

836
39*3

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

^ 7

82.0 0

106

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

92

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS
378

Number
of
woikers

183

O ccupation and ind u stry div isio n

4 0 .0

10 7 .5 0

96
67

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

CONTINUED

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------- * ----------------------------MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — —
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —

Average

of
workers

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS -

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) —
j
MANUFACTURING — ——— —— — ———
—— ——
——

Average
Number

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

40*0

118*00

81

4 0 .0
66

P
A

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e sp o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e se n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




14
Table A-3a.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Large Establishments—Men and Women Combined
u d ie d ir e s ta b l is h m e n ts
y.—I n d . , M a r c h 19 69)

(A verage

Ave r a ge

Average
Number
of
workers

Nu mb e r

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

We ekl y

Weekl y

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

O F F IC E
332
270

39.5
39.5

$
1 26.00
127 .0 0

62

39 .0

1 2 0 .5 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

566
410
156

39 .0
39 .0
39.5

9 4 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

A ----------

76

39.5

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

236

3 9 .0
39.5
39.0

8 3 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

150
123

39.0
39 .0

73 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

-

CLERKS,

F ILE,

CLASS

O F F IC E

O F F IC E BOYS AND G I R L S --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

265
129
136

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------

1,8 7 8
1,342
536
94

SECRETARIES,

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

CLASS

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

CONTINUED
$
8 1 . 50
8 4 . 00
7 9 . 50

8 0 .0 0

62
174

OCCUPATIONS

Ave r age

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

39. 0
40. 0
38. 0
39.
39.
38.
40.

0
0
5
0

124.
125.
122.
148.

OCCUPATIONS -

Weekl y
hours 1
(standard)

of

Weekl y
earni ngs *
(standard)

CONTINUED
s

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR -RE CEP TI ON I S T S -

51

39.5

9 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------

81

39.5

l 14.00

50
50
00
00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A SS C --------------------------------------------------

81

4 0.0

9 8 .5 0

TRA NSCRIBING -MA CHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

157
109

3 8 .5
39.0

89 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

243
193

39 .0
39 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 00.50

50

39.0

9 1 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------

593
348

39.0
39 .0

245
31

38.5
4 0 .0

8
8
7
7

DRAFTSMEN, C L A SS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

212
196

40 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 2 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C L A SS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

320
314

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

14 8 .0 0
147 .5 0

o
o

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

Weekly
hours 1
(standard]

A -----------------------

67

38. 5

1 5 8 . 50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

280
137
143

38. 5
39. 0
38. 5

1 3 6 . 50
1 43. 00
130. 00

290
2 82

39 .0
39.0

10 9 .5 0

C L E R K S , PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

197
148

39 .0
39.5

10 9 .0 0

C O M PTO M ETER

MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

199
65
134

39.5
39.5
39.5

9 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C L A S S A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2----------

246
91
155
72

3
3
3
4

9
1 0
9
1 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C L A S S B
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

557
349

39 .0
39.5

208

3 9 .0

O PERATO RS

-----------

9
9
9
0

.5
.5
.5
.0

11 0 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0

9
2
8
2

.
.
.
.

5
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

591
402
189
47

39.
39.
39.
40.

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

94 0
763
177

39. 0
39. 0
38. 5

114. 00
1 1 6 . 00
1 07. 00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 2------------- -----------

719
519
200
61

38.
38.
38.
40.

5
5
5
0

9 4 . 50
9 5 . 00
9 3 . 00
i n . 50

STENOGRAPHERS, SEN IO R ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

683
504
179

39. 5
39. 5
38. 5

1 0 4 . 50
1 0 5 . 50
1 02. 00

A -------

68

39. 5

1 1 4 . 50

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

180
154

39.5
39 .5

1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C L A S S B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

C L E R K S , ORDER -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------

89
64

39. 5
39. 5

9 5 . 50
93. 00

N U R S E S , IN DUSTR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

n o

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 39.00
1 3 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS,

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s re c e iv e
c o rre s p o n d to these w e e k ly h o u rs .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ,
3 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than those p re s e n te d s e p a ra te ly .




th e ir re g u la r

C LA SS

s tra ig h t-tim e

0
0
0
0

131.
134.
125.
160.

50
50
00
00

2
5
7
9

.
.
.
.

0
0
5
5

0
0
0
0

PROFES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S

s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r

o v e rtim e

at r e g u l a r a n d / o r

p re m iu m

94

rates),

and

th e

17 1 .5 0

e a rn in g s

15
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m en in se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv is io n , C in c in n a ti, O hio— y.— n d ., M a rc h 1969)
K
I
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hour l y ear■ nings 1

Me d i a n 2

t

3 .1 0

$
3 . 20

S
3 .30

%
3 .4 0

T
i
T
3 .5 0 3.6 0 3 .7 0

i
3 .80

2 .9 0

3 .00

3 .1 0

3 .20

3. 30

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .60

3.70

3.8 0

3 .9 0

-

*

3
3

6
6

11
6

17
7

17
1

3
*

4
4

7
6

9
8

28
27

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

5

10

16

3

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

9
8
1
1

_
-

10
10
-

39
33
6
6

73
55
18
18

25
24
1
-

15
15
-

20
20
-

46
46
-

31
30
1
1

14
11
3
3

10
2
8
8

34
34
-

36
36
-

79
79
-

5
5

-

143
127
16
16

30
30
-

-

34
32
2
2

26
25
1

*

41
36
5
“

-

15
1
14

5
-

4
4

13
5
8

i
i

24
20
4

11
6
5

6
5
l

27
27

18
18

6
6

24
24

n
u

-

27
24
3

20
20

5

5
5

-

-

-

-

i
i

16
16

5
5

17
16

12
11

39
36

2
1

26
26

12
12

15
15

-

_

Under
s
and
2 .7 0 under

Mi ddl e range 2

s

$
4 .0 0

t
4 .1 0

(
4

70

4.3 C

*
4 .4 0

t
4 .50

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4

30

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .60

-

2
2

2
2

13
13

$
4 .6 0

$
4 . 80

t
5 .0 0

5 .0 0

ove r

and

159
113

$
3.82
3.84

36

3.33

3.32

3 .2 4 -

3 .3 8

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------

724
653

3.96
3.98

71
59

3.81
3.74

4.01
4 .0 2
3.59

3 .5 3 3 .5 4 3 .3 9 -

4.4 1
4 .4 6
4 .0 9

-

3.5 9

3 .5 1 -

4 .0 9

-

4
4
4

EN G IN E E R S , STATIONARY ------------------MANUFACTURING • --------------------------*~NMANUFACTURING -----------------------

283

3.94

229
54

4.0 9
3.27

3.94
4 .0 3
3.19

3 .5 0 3 .7 0 2 .9 0 -

4 .3 6
4 .5 2
3 .5 6

-

_
-

F IR F M EN , STATIONARY BO ILE R ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

267
237

3.54
3.59

3.61
3.67

3 .0 8 -

3.9 5

3 .1 4 -

4 .0 3

15
13

-

5
1

31
19

19
18

23
22

17
13

H E L P E R S , MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

318
259

3.06
3.07

3.12
3.13

2 .8 8 2 .8 9 -

3.1 8
3 .1 9

26
26

12
12

53
27

40
16

9
9

123
12 3

-

i

30
30

18
15

5

-

1
1

_

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

652

4.06

4 .0 5
4 .0 5

4 .7 0
4 .7 0

5
5

2
2

-

12
12

29
29

13
13

21
21

27
27

7
7

3
3

9
9

6
6

39
39

9
9

297
297

6
6

_

4 .0 6

3 .8 8 3 .8 8 -

_

652

M A C H I N IS T S, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------

404
368

3.91

4.01

4 .2 2
4 .2 6

-

_

16
16

6
6

7
4

12
12

42
35

-

-

34
20

12
-

_

4.0 3

3 . 5 5 3 . 6 0 -

-

3.95

-

17
17

49
49

98
98

7
7

21
21

14
14

7
7

36

3.51

3.5 6

3 .3 9 -

3.6 3

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

7

-

14

12

3
3
3
3

3.81

3
3
3
3

9
4
9
9

18
18
-

8
8
8

-

60
5
55
55

86
20
66
66

6
6
-

24
22
2
2

15
3
12
12

124
76
48
21

255
13
242
231

84
19
65
65

15
5
10
10

2
2
-

25
25
25

4
2
2
2

4
4
-

-

7
3
4
4

71
71

57
56

21
21

68
68

116
116

173
173

5
5

58
58

107
105

18
18

22
27

9
9

-

8

f
t

f
t

8

1
1

29
29

8
8

27
27

-

2
2

15
15

12
12

2
2

1
i

_

-

_

-

_

-

24
24
2
2

45
45

1
1

24
24
10
10

_

80
80

29
29

C
O

$
3 .9 9
4 .1 4

*
3 .9 0

o

$
3 .3 2 3 .6 3 -

t
3 .0 0

C A RP EN TE RS , MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( MAINTENANCtI --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONM4NUFACTURING ----------------------P U B l I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------

$
3.81
3.8 6

<
2 .90

o
o

Me a n 2

»
2 .8 0

2 .8 0

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

S
2 .7 0

Numb e r
of

“

-

_

-

1
-

7
7

-

*

4
2
2
2

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 ,0 1 4
987

3.66
3.68

3.61
3.62

3 .2 5 3 .2 8 -

3.93
3.9 4

17
10

14
14

39
22

45
45

41
41

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

283
283

4 .1 4
4 .1 4

4.6 3
4.6 3

3 .5 3 3 .5 3 -

4 .7 2
4 .7 2

-

_

-

_

O IL E R S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

147
147

3.37
3.37

3.49

3 .6 8
3.68

3
3

1
1

17
17

14
14

22
22

3
3

3
3

_

3.49

3 .0 1 3 .0 1 -

-

12
12

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

186
137

3.68
3.86

3.6 7

3 . 1 8 -

3 .94
4 .1 2

17
2

6
6

18
6

14
12

5
2

2
1

19
12

5
5

11
11

29
29

13
13

_

3 . 5 2 -

1
1

1

3.83

7
2

P I P C F I T T E K S , MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

515
512

4.13

4.11

4.51
4.51

_

-

_
-

8
8

7
7

13
13

-

27
24

30
30

3
3

6
6

47
47

11 0

-

3
3

-

4.11

3 .9 7 3 .9 7 -

_

4.1 3

SHFET-MFTAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

63
54

4.1 4
4.2 3

4 .0 6
4 .0 8

3 .9 5 4 . 0 2 -

4 .5 7
4 .5 9

_

_

_

1
1

i

_

-

6

_

-

3
3

4
4

23
23

1
1

TOOL AND OIE MAKERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

629
629

4 .2 9
4.2 9

4 .2 2
4 .2 2

4 . 0 2 -

4 .8 2

-

4 .8 2

3
3

8

4 . 0 2 -

7
7

9
9

24
24

183
183

2
2

29
29

511

.6
.6
.6
.6

9
8
9
8

3.75
3.83
3.83

3
3
3
3

.
.
.
.

3
4
3
2

9
3
0
8

-

.
.
.
.

8
9
8
8

-

-

-

*
_
-

-

_

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .




8

_
-

-

12
12

5
5

3
-

-

28
28

7
7

-

21
21

-

no

-

-

-

6
2
4

17
16
1

11
11

28
28

4
4

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

12
17

_

-

-

i

247
549

-

159
159

8
8

62
62

-

_

11
11
-

26
26
-

-

-

18
10
8
8

796

-

-

-

-

ft

6
6

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

115
115

“

162
1 62

-

-

-

-

2
2

7
6

-

13
17

-

-

-

-

-

8
7

_

17
17

58

77

58

77

9

12
17

-

-

-

158
158

6
6

-

-

_

-

9

“

16
16

11
11

100
100

16
Table A-4a.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—Large Establishments

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y.— d ., M a rc h 1969)
K
In
Hourly earnings 1

O ccu p atio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
Under

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
2 .70

$
3 .7 9
3 .8 6

$
3 .3 2 3 .6 5 -

3 .3 3

3 .32

3 .2 4 -

59

4 .0 6
4 .0 8
3 .8 7
3 .74

4 .0 4
4 .0 5
3 .8 5
3 .5 9

3 .6 0 3 .7 4 3 .5 2 3 .5 1 -

EN G IN E E R S , STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

175
161

4 .0 9
4 .1 4

3 .99
4 .0 2

3 .6 2 3 .7 3 -

FIR E ME N , STATIONARY BO ILE R ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

179
163

3 .61
3 .64

3 .6 7
3 .6 9

H E L P E R S , MAINTENANCE TRAOES -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

297
238

3 .0 3
3 .0 4

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

634
634

M A C H I N IS T S , MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANLFACTURING:
P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

147
107
36

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------

619
553

$
3 .7 5
3.8 6

$
3 .9 8
4 .1 6

$
1 --------- T
3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3.2 0

t
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

%
3 .5 0

t
3 .6 0

$
3. 70

4.C0 A.10

.20 4.30 A. A0 A.50 A .60 A. 80 5.00

3 .0 0

3 . 10

3 .2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 8 0 3 90 A.00 A. 10 4.20

.30 A .A0 A.50 A . 6 0 A .80 5.00 over

11
6

17
7

17
1

3
~

A
A

7
6

-

3 .3 8

-

-

-

4 .4 9
4 .5 3
4 .2 1
4 .0 9

_
-

A
-

-

A

3
2
1
1

4 .5 9
4 .7 1

_

-

-

-

3 .1 6 3 .1 7 -

4 .0 2
4 .0 4

A
A

3 .11
3 .1 3

2 .8 8 2 .9 0 -

3 .1 7
3 .1 8

26
26

4 .0 7
4 .0 7

4 .0 5
4 .0 5

3 .8 9 3 .8 9 -

4 .7 1
4 .7 1

336
300

3 .9 4
3 .9 9

4 .0 0
4 .0 2

3 .5 8 3 .8 5 -

4 .1 9
4 .3 6

-

36

3 .51

3 .56

3 .3 9 -

3 .63

-

-

337

3 .6 8
3 .9 3
3 .5 3
3 .5 1

3 .71
3 .94
3 .2 9
3 .2 8

3 .2 3 3 .5 2 3 .2 0 3 .1 9 -

3 .9 7
4 .5 7
3 .9 2
3 .9 2

_
-

215
199

_
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

551
537

3.91
3 .9 3

3 .9 0
3 .91

3 .5 0 3 .5 1 -

4 .1 8
4 .2 0

_

A
A

15

*

A

6
6

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

263
263

4 . 19
4 .1 9

4 .6 4
4 .6 4

3 .5 3 3 .5 3 -

4 .7 3
4 .7 3

_

_

_

_

O IL E R S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

90
90

3.46
3.46

3 .6 2
3 .6 2

3 .2 6 3 .2 6 -

3 .6 7
3 .6 7

3
3

i
i

4
4

6
6

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

163
134

3.78
3.87

3 .7 9
3 .8 4

3 .2 9 3 .5 3 -

3 .9 8
4 .1 2

7
2

i
t

1

2
2

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

488
485

4 .1 4
4 .1 5

A . 10
4 .11

3 .9 8 3 .9 8 -

4 .5 2
4 .5 3

_

_

_

*

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

63
54

4 . 14
4 .2 3

4 .0 6
4 .0 8

3 .9 5 4 .0 2 -

4 .5 7
4 .5 9

-

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

TOOL AND DI E MAKERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

401
401

4 .4 7
4 .4 7

4 .5 6
4 .5 6

4 .2 4 A .24-

4 .9 2
A . 92

_

_

_

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------

122

$

%

%

t

%

A

9
8

28
27

12
12

L

7

-

7

%

$

%

2
2

?

2

i3
13

6
6

2
“

-

5

10

16

3

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

15
15

26
20
6
6

18
17
1

7
6

15
15

20
20

A6
A6

30
30

3A
3A

36
36

79
79

-

-

-

9

-

-

5

18

-

-

-

3

8

-

-

-

-

i
-

31
30
1
1

10
2

18

143
127
16
16

5

-

19
17
2
2

63
45

-

_

-

~

10
5

i
i

15
12

16
12

6
6

11
11

6
5

24
24

19
18

6
6

-

11
11

2
2

5
A

u
n

28
28

A
A

2
1

26
26

12
12

_

_

-

-

12
12

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

159
15 9

8
8

-

14
14

7
7

62

-

-

-

62

“

“

“

_

A

n
ii

26
26

_

2
2
2

A
A
-

_

-

-

~

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

-

_

5

-

i

9
9

19
18

14
13

9
5

i
i

16
16

5
5

12
11

12
11

21
18

12
12

47
21

40
16

9

123
123

_

i
~

1
1

3C
30

3

-

5
5

2
2

_
-

12
12

29
29

13
13

21
21

15
15

7
7

3
3

9
9

6
6

39
39

9
9

297
297

-

_

-

-

6
6

7

42
35

_

12
-

-

17
17

49
49

80
80

A

-

34
20

_

A

2
2

-

-

-

3

-

7

-

1A

_
~

60
5
55
55

7A
14
60
60

6
6

22
22
-

3
3
-

8

-

_
-

32

-

-

-

16
15

18
18

99

27
27

5
-

12

_
~

2
3

5

9

-

~

2
2
-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e h d s, h o lid a y s ,
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .




S

and
2 .9 0

-

66

t

3 80 3 . 9 0

and
under
2 .8 0

C ARP EN TE RS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------

$
2 .9 0

6
6

i
i —
2 .7 0 2 .8 0

*

and la te s h if t s .

-

8

_

8

-

i
i

29

8

29

8

3
3

3
3

A

13
6

14
12

3
3

2
2

1
1

1
1

A
4

4

3
3

_

-

_
-

-

A

-

i
7
A

68
19
A9
49

15
5
10
10

2
2
-

-

32
19

99

25
25

2
2

10
10

107
105

18
18

22
22

A
A

2
2

15
15

12
12

2
2

1
1

_

“

_

10
10

_

-

68
68

_

12

2

12

2

45
45

1
1

-

-

8

*

8

8
8

_

-

-

-

-

*

_
-

-

115
115

“

162
162

.

-

-

8

7

-

7

-

2
2

6

~

“

6
6

-

-

13

5

2

2

l

18
11

5
5

11
11

29
29

13
13

7
7

7

-

27

?A

3
3

6
6

47
47

110
110

80
80

14
14

17
17

58
58

77
77

-

-

30
30

_

7

_

_

_

6

3

_

-

-

“

-

12
12

-

-

9
9

-

-

23
23

-

*

A
A

1

-

3
3

“

-

A

A
A

5

13
13

7
7

16
16

4

4

5

A

A

28
28

2
2

A

1

“
29
29

7
7

11
11

100
100

-

12
-

-

158
158

6
6

17
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , C in c in n a ti, O h io— y .— d ., M a rc h 1969)
K
In
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

earnings
Number

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

t
t
TT rl OT 1 . 6 0 1 . 7 0
and
s
l .6 0 under

1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

2.1 0

*
2 .2 0

2 .3 0

s
2.40

s
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

s
2 .8 0

t
2 .9 0

*
3.0 0

3 .1 0

t
3 .20

$
3 .40

*
3 .6 0

$
»
3 80 4 . 0 0

$
4 .2 0

$

t

t

t

an d

1 .7 0

1.8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2.2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2.5 0

2 .6 0

?.7 0

2 ,9 9

2 .9 0

3 .00

3 ,1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .80

4 00

4 .2 0

over

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 ,2 7 0
575
695

$
2 .3 5
2 .9 4
1.8 7

$
1 .88
3 .1 3
1 .75

$
$
1 .7 3 - 3 .1 1
2 .4 8 - 3 .45
1 .6 8 - 1 .84

231
6
225

259
31
228

174
13
161

35
33
2

14
12
2

25
18
7

9
3
6

17
10
7

22
22
~

31
29
2

15
7
8

33
27
6

20
15
5

35
30
5

30
22
8

35
32
3

96
90
6

10 5
104
1

60
47
13

24
24

~

-

~

‘

'

“

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

443

3 .14

3 .33

2 .8 8 -

3 .4 7

-

-

-

2

24

1

5

3

2

13

29

4

19

11

29

19

32

90

89

47

24

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

-

132

2 .2 7

2 .0 9

1 .7 9 -

2 .6 6

-

6

31

11

9

11

13

-

8

9

-

3

8

4

1

3

-

-

15

-

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S , PO RT E RS , AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

4 ,1 9 5
2 ,0 8 4
2 ,1 1 1
132

2 .2 4
2.6 8
1 .80
2 .54

2 .1 7
2 .71
1.69
2 .6 0

1 .6 8 2 .4 9 1 .6 4 2 .1 6 -

2 .7 3
2 .9 4
1.8 7
2 .81

90
90

1136
38
1098
5

295
10
285
6

205
44
161
5

65
13
52
”

202
97
105
9

142
72
70
14

89
48
41
12

139
109
30
4

120
97
23
8

249
224
25
3

271
245
26
20

493
478
15
13

83
59
24
8

82
70
12
7

75
47
28
5

208
207
1

225
210
15
3

15
15

1
l

-

-

J A N I T O R S , PO RT E RS , AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN! -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PU RLI C U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

565
89
476
64

1 .90
2 .41
1 .81
2 .3 7

1 .70
2 .4 8
1 .68
2 .4 0

1 .6 4 2 .2 3 1 .6 4 2 .2 3 -

2 .2 5
2 .7 4
1 .89
2 .4 8

26
26

261
6
255

74
10
64

14
14
“

9
1
8
4

10
10

16
4
12
5

28
6

8

25

9
9
9

1
1
*

3
3
-

18

9
7
2
1

32
30

6
3

40
20
20
20

L A BO RE RS , MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

2 ,9 8 1
2 ,3 4 2
639
282

3 .0 0
2 .96
3 .17
3 .6 6

2 .95
2 .81
3 .2 6
3 .7 4

2 .6 6 2 .6 4 2 .9 2 3 .3 9 -

3 .3 3
3 .2 5
3 .7 3
3 .7 9

_
-

20
13

23
15
8

23
21
2

26
2
24

43
5
38

70
63

7

159
143
16

48
47
1

34
34
-

117
114
3

316
311
5

411
392
19

132
111
21
3

141
104
37
2

109
83
26
l

315
249
66

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

945
347
598

3.0 1
2 .95
3 .04

3 .1 5
2 .92
*3.21

2 .7 1 2 .5 2 2 .8 8 -

3 .35
3 .18
3 .3 5

_
-

_
-

11
11

6
6

7

15
10
5

60
20
40

38
9
29

35
24
n

21
6
15

34
24
10

6
2
4

54
44
10

25

77

6
3
3

PA C KE RS , SH I P P IN G -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

694
490
204

2 .62
2.61
2 .6 4

2 .6 4
2 .6 5
2 .6 4

2 .3 5 2 .4 2 2 .0 9 -

3 .11
2 .8 7
3 .1 7

_
-

24
3
21

44
44
-

30
30

5
5
“

39
4
35

9
9
“

12
12

22
11
11

38
31
7

52
33
19

162
1 38
24

5
5

69
62
7

-

~

PA CKE RS, S H I P P IN G (WOMEN) ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

445
418

2 .35
2 .3 8

2 .6 0
2 .62

2 .0 6 2 .0 9 -

2 .7 0
2 .7 0

_

12
11

2
-

8
8

24
24

50
40

31
30

13
13

2
2

~

120
120

82
82

-

-

76
63

RE CE IV IN G CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

390
255
135

2 .8 7
2 .97
2 .6 8

2 .98
3.01
2 .72

2 .7 0 2 .8 2 2 .1 7 -

3 .2 2
3 .1 6
3 .2 6

-

10
10

-

_
-

10
10

19
5
14

_
-

11
4

-

19
15
4

21
5
16

2
2
-

4
4

45
27
18

S H I P P IN G CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

113
93

2 .92
2 .9 9

3 .01
3 .0 3

2 .7 1 2 .7 5 -

3 .11
3 .1 3

_

_

2
2

_

_

1
-

_

-

22
12

_

-

-

2
2

S H I P P IN G AND RE CE IV IN G CLER KS --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

204
143
61

2 .9 0
2 .9 9
2 .7 0

2 .8 4
3 .08
2 .71

2 .4 8 2 .4 9 2 .4 7 -

3 .2 5
3 .2 8
2 .8 8

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9
-

20
10
10

27
19
8

2
2

TRUCKDRI VERS5 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

4 ,2 9 5
788
3 ,5 0 7
2 ,6 3 4

3 .6 5
3 .32
3.73
3 .8 4

3 .82
3 .4 7
3 .8 3
3 .8 5

3 .6 5 2 .8 4 3 .7 3 3 .8 2 -

3 .8 7
3 .8 0
3 .8 7
3 .8 8

_

33

76
21
55

13
13
-

~

3

12
12
2

45
39
6
i

TRUC KDR IV ER S, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

400
115

3 .35
2.96

3 .9 0
2 .75

2 .5 3 2 .5 7 -

4 .0 5
3 .6 8

17

52

13
13

10

25
23

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




7

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

7

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

“

“

”

“

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

2

9

-

9
*

2

-

33

22

2

7

25

~

~

10
“
10
10

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

“

~

~

406
268
13 8
69

142
12 6
16
3

302
152
1 50
1 50

55
55
54

~
“

89
89
-

164
26
138

252
4
248

1 02
46
56

-

“

-

32
32
~

5
5
“

78
38
40

89
60
29

ii
ii

“

~
“

~
“

-

_

-

-

“

*

-

-

25
75

“

~

31
31
-

31
30
1

64
63
1

18
16
2

66
32
34

14
6
8

16
10
6

5
5
-

3
3

1
1

17
16

1
1

9
5

31
31

5
5

10
6

_

9
9

-

~

“

“

4
4

30
20
10

9
9

14
4
10

13
6

6

41
39
2

10
9
1

13
13
“

5
5

1

5
4
i

-

7

~

“

55

57
56
1
1

52
46
6
i

31
31

29
25

4
4

230
71
159
2

21
18

3
3

3
3

142
75
67
66

847
143
704
135

2292
98
2194
2162

351
100
251
251

~

16
16

12
12

3

2

2
2

1

33
33

*

200

_

2

12
12

_

2

“

-

52

2
2

7

77

18

-

_

_

-

-

5

'

~

-

-

18
Table A-5. Custodial and M aterial Movement O ccupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C in c in n a ti, O hio— y .— d ., M a rc h 1969)
K
In
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s

Hourly earnings2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of

1 .6 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
1 .6 0

1 .7 0

T R U C K D R IV E R S

-

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .6 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

*

t

S

3 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 6 .0 0

6 .2 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 ,3 0

2 .6 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 ,1 0

3 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

6 .0 0

6 .2 0

over

21
21

-

-

10
7
3

27
27

23
23

12
7
5
1

i
i

24
24

18
18

-

-

123
47
76
76

-

-

62
31
31
3

30

-

82
16
66
66

-

9
-

30
30

-

-

7
7

-

-

404
48
356
18

1462
6
1456
1430

1 47
12
1 35
11 4

467
45
422
416
6
-

-

6

~

~

$

t

t

C O N T IN U E D

T R U C K D R IV E R S , M E D IU M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND IN C L U D IN G 6 T O N S ) -----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------

455
231
224
176

$
3 .3 9
3 .1 7
3 .6 0
3 .7 5

$
3 .5 8
3 .1 9
3 .6 8
3 .8 2

$
2 .9 9 2 .7 1 3 .5 5 3 .5 7 -

$
3 .8 4
3 .6 7
3 .8 7
3 .8 8

T R U C K D R IV E R S , H E A V Y (O V E R 6 TON S
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

1 ,9 5 6
112
1 ,8 4 4
1 ,4 6 9

3 .7 8
3 .4 0
3 .8 0
3 .8 4

3 .8 3
3 .5 8
3 .8 4
3 .8 5

3 .8 0 3 .1 1 3 .8 1 3 .8 2 -

3 .8 7
3 .7 6
3 .8 7
3 .8 8

T R U C K D R IV E R S , H E A V Y (O V E R 6 TON S
O TH ER THAN T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -----------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

883
170
713
530

3 .7 0
3 .8 9
3 .6 6
3 .8 2

3 .8 3
4 .0 2
3 .8 2
3 .8 4

3 .7 2 3 .8 4 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 -

3 .8 7
4 .0 6
3 .8 6
3 .8 7

T R U C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) -------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------

1 ,4 5 2
1 ,2 6 0
192

3 .2 5
3 .2 5
3 .2 9

3 .0 9
3 .0 1
3 .3 1

2 .7 4 2 .7 1 3 .2 4 -

3 .5 8
3 .6 0
3 .3 8

T R U C K E R S , POWER (O T H E R THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G :
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

1 .7 0

and
u n d er

173
123

2 .8 4
2 ,7 1

2 .7 0
2 .6 5

2 .6 3 2 .6 0 -

3 .0 7
2 .8 1

50

3 .1 7

3 .0 9

3 .0 4 -

_

-

_

-

-

7

6

~

~

-

-

-

7

6

-

_

_

“

~

_

_

-

_

~

-

_

-

_

9
9

_

_

_

_

3 .3 4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

10

"

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la t e s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and typ e o f tr u c k o p e ra te d .
W o rk e rs w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s f o llo w s : 9 a t $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 ; and 170 a t $ 4 .8 0 to $ 5 .




_

10

9

_

_

13
13

ii
ii

3
3

25
24
1

31
17
14

_

_

6
6

_

39
39

“
2
2

_

_

8

8
”
2
2

_

105
105

_

114
114

_

62
62

130
130

126
126

61
61

“

~

7

_

7

-

2
2

_

156

_
~

21
18
3

17 9
37
14 2

17 5
17 5

~

156
13 1
25
.

107
105
2

“

21

_

-

-

21
21

-

_

-

~

~
24
24

2
2

_

_

156

-

_

_

_
~

_

_

-

-

11
11
-

100
100
-

-

_

_
-

61 7 9
179

45
15

9
9

20

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

30

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

19

Table A-5a. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—
Large Establishments
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r c h 1969)
N u m b e r o f w D rk ers r e c e lv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of —

Hour l y e a r ni ng s 2
$

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

of
workers

1 .6 0

Me a n 3

Me d i a n 3

Mi ddl e r a nge 3

U n d er
$
and
1 . 6 0 u n d er

i
1 .7 0

i
1 .8 0

*

3

1 .9 0

*

t

*

*

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .40

$
2 .5 0

t

t

$

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

%
2

$
.90

$

t

$

t

t

t

*

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

■

an

1 .7 0

G UARDS:
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ----M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------N O N M AN U FAC TU RIN G :
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------------J A N IT O R S , P O R T E R S, AN0 C L E A N E R S
(W OM EN) -------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------

833
412

$
2 .5 4
3 .2 1

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G ---------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .00

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

56

227
-

98
2

2
-

3
1

8
5

7
3

7
4

14
14

15
13

9
7

27
27

19
15

30
30

14
14

24
24

8
8

88
82

93
92

60
47

24
24

1

2

3

2

5

13

4

19

11

29

11

24

8

82

77

47

52
18

36
11

32
17

68
52

86
67

152
139

172
146

188
175

61
50

78
70

62
47

208
207

11
8

206
202

15
15

1
1

-

8

14

7

4

8

3

20

11

6

7

5

-

-

3

~

-

-

5

9
4

28
6
22

8
2

40
20
20

25

6
4

20
18

9

1

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

32
32
-

45
42
3

196
191
5

115
105
10

74
59
15

34
19
15

16 1
11 0
51

134
62
72

130
126
4

235
15 2
83

-

3

C

-

-

-

-

2

59
6

53
20

-

"

-

106

28

10

-

-

28

10

3 .2 6

3 .3 6

-

2 .4 9
2 .8 4

2 .6 1
2 .7 8

1 .8 3 2 .5 8 -

3 .0 1
3 .1 6

6

96

2 .5 5

2 .6 2

2 .2 3 -

2 .7 8

310
58
252

2 .0 6
2 .5 2

1.9 9
2 .4 8

1 .6 7 2 .4 1 -

2 .4 7
2 .7 4

-

6
-

-

106
• 31

*Lm

-

7

-

-

3 .2 2
3 .1 5

3 .3 2
2 .9 8

2 .9 4 2 .8 1 -

3 .3 9
3 .4 5

P A C K E R S , S H IP P I N G ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

233
232

2 .8 5
2 .8 5

2 .8 5
2 .8 6

2 .5 3 2 .5 3 -

3 .3 0
3 .3 0

-

P A C K E R S , S H IP P I N G (W OMEN) ----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

133
127

2 .6 6
2 .7 0

2 .7 5
2 .7 5

2 .7 0 2 .7 1 -

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

105
98

3 .1 4
3 .1 4

3 .0 8
3 .0 8

2 .9 9 3 .0 0 -

T R U C K D R IV E R S 6 ------------------------------------------

589

3 .5 4

3 .6 2

N O N M A N U FA C T U R IN G ----------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

342
129

3 .6 0
3 .5 3

3 .6 4
3 .5 7

203
136

3 .4 8

3 .5 5

*

2 .7 5 2 .7 1 3 .0 5 -

3 .5 3
3 .5 2
3 .7 2

7

5
3
2

19
17
2

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

2
-

3 .3 7
3 .3 7

_
-

3 .5 0 -

3 .6 8

_

_

3 .5 9 3 .5 2 -

3 .6 9
3 .8 3

-

-

3 .3 5 -

3 .6 5

-

-

14
11
3

7
5
2

68

3 * 13

•

-

-

-

-

3

9
5
4

24
23
1

83

89
83
6

251
249
2

1
1

89
89
-

3

6
6

7
7

8
8

5
4

1
1

10
8

6
6

9
8

2
2

7
6

9
7

61
61

3
~

22
20

14
4

131
-

46
46

4
4

5
5

1
1

1
1

-

11
11

28
28

18
17

26
26

5
5

28
28

_

5
5

38
38

-

-

*

60
60

_

-

-

-

1
-

2

2
2

-

9
9

1
~

13
13

2
2

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

25
25

_

-

76
76

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

6
5

2
2

-

4
4

3
3

9
8

32
31

13
11

2
2

8
8

8
6

10
10

1
1

4
4

-

32
53 2
_
-

-

-

3

_

4

_

2

5

3

13

11

11

8

34

13

8

132

235

107

_

-

-

3
3

1
1

1
-

3
2

3
3

-

67
66

66
44

-

~

4
4

18 2

-

3
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

4
3

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

8
8J . l.

2

9

i

15

10

8

82

31
31

35
35

-

3
3

108
34

175
17 5

116

_

71 7 9
17 9

1

*

1

(O V E R 4 T O N S ,
72

*

•

1

928
849

3 .5 0
3 .5 2

3 .4 1
3 .4 5

2 .9 0 2 .8 8 -

3 .6 5
3 .6 7

T R U C K E R S , POWER (O T H E R THAN
F O R K L I F T ) -----------------------------------------------

92

3 .0 3

3 .0 6

3 .0 1 -

3

59

3*

T R U C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -----------------------------------

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 .1 8

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s:
29 a t $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 ; and 3 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 5 .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .
W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s:
9 a t $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 ; and 170 a t $ 4 . 8 0 to $ 5 .




-

3

379
226

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

6
1

U

3 .1 7
3 .1 4
3 .3 2

over

24

19
6

415
2

364

O R D ER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ------------------------------------

HEAVY

2 .2 0

-

3 .1 7
3 .1 6
3 .2 6

T R U C K D R IV E R S ,

2 .1 0

-

1 ,6 7 3
1 ,3 8 5
288
159

T R U C K D R IV E R S , M E D IU M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND IN C L U D IN G 4 T O N S) -------------------

2 .0 0

$
$
1 .7 7 - 3 .3 7
2 . 9 4 - 3 .4 9

1 ,9 8 0
1 ,2 5 9

0

1 .9 0

$
2 .4 6
3 .3 5

UJ
o
0
1
u>
*
00

G U AR D S AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------------------------------------

1 .8 0

.

2
2

_

_

-

~

2

8
8

15
15

70
70

41
41

100
100

2

4

2

2

7

15
15

3

75
73

21
18

44

9

1

20

116

20
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n of e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a l a r y fo r s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in e x p e rie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s, C in cin n ati, Ohio—
Ky.— d ., M arc h 1969)
In
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s
A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 V*

40

222

104

xxx

118

XXX

xxx

93

52

43

41

9

26

3
9
20
7
10
5
14
3
7
1

1
3
7
5
5
3
11
3
4
-

3
5
4
4
3
9
1
4
-

3

3

3

2
6
13
2
5
2
3
3
1
-

6
1
1
1
-

5
5
1
3
2
3
2
1
-

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d ----------------------------------------------E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m ---------------------$ 6 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 _________ ___ _— ----------- ----$ 6 2 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 6 5 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 6 7 .5 0 ----- ----- ---- --------- -------$ 6 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0 __________— ----------------------------$ 7 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 7 2 . 5 0 an d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 7 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 _____ ________________ _________
$ 7 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 0 .0 0 ___________________________________
$ 8 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 ____________
. . — -----------$ 8 2 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 5 .0 0 — ________________________________
$ 8 5 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 8 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ------------------------------- — -------$ 9 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 9 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 9 5 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 9 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 9 7 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 --------------------------------------------$ 1 0 0 .0 0 an d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 .5 0 — ---------------------------- ----------$ 1 0 2 .5 0 an d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------- —
$ 1 0 5 .0 0 an d o v e r __ ___________ — --------------------------

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 Vz

40

222

104

XXX

118

XXX

XXX

78

44

36

34

8

20

1
3
5
5
4
4
8
4
3
1

3
4
4
3
4
7
1
3
1

2
5
7
3
6
2
3
2
1
-

4
2
1
1
-

5
2
1
3
2
2
1
1
2

2

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

3
8
12
8
10
6
11
4
5
1
1
2

2

2

3

1

1

1

1
1

2

-

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

3

1

1

1
1
1
~
1
1

2

1
-

3

2

2

1

2

49

22

XXX

27

XXX

XXX

68

33

XXX

35

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id no t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y -

95

38

XXX

57

XXX

XXX

61

19

xxx

42

xxx

1

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m -------------------

2

1

1

3

2

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s ' r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




XXX

xxx




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p ay p r o v is io n s fo r m a n u fa c tu r in g p lan t w o r k e r s b y type and am ou n t of p ay d iffe r e n tia l,
C in c in n a ti, O h io -K y .— d ., M a r c h 1969)
In
^ A l^ jj> la n t_ w o r k e r ^ _ ^ n jir a n u fa c tu r in g _ ^ _ ^ O O jD e r c e n t^ _ _ _ i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ >
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a t e - s h ift p r o v isio n s

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts
S eco n d sh ift
w o rk

T o t a l________

__

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s
S eco n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

______________________________

9 1 .7

7 6 .6

2 0 .3

5 .3

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _______

3 .9

1 .6

0 .7

0 .2

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t __________

8 7 .8

7 5 .0

1 9 .6

5 .1

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) — _______________

5 0 .2

4 1 .0

1 0 .5

3 .3

5 c e n t s ____________________________________
6 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 V2 c e n t s _________________________________
8 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------9 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s ___________________________________
11 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------12 c e n t s ___________________________________
I 2 V2 c e n t s -------------------------------------------13, 13 V3 , 1 4 , o r 143 c e n t s ___________
/4
15 c e n t s ___________________________________
16 c e n t s ___________________________________
18 c e n t s ___________________________________
19 c e n t s ----------------------- --------------------20 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 1 2/ s o r 2 4 c e n t s _________________________
25 c e n t s ___________________________________
30 c e n t s ___________________________________

4 .4
2 .4
2 .4
1 .2
2 .1
.9
1 3 .6
4 .4
6 .0

_

.8
.8
.7
.1
.5
.2
2 .4
.7
1 .4
.5
.4

T y p e an d am o u n t o f d if f e r e n t ia l:

-

1.6
2.1
2.1
-

-

1 .2
.7
4 .2
.5
7 .2
1.7
1.8

1 2 .5
2 .5
.7
3 .3

.2
-

_
-

.1
.3
.7
.2
.3
.9
-

(2)
.1

.8

.4

1.1

-

-

- 4 .5
-

2 .4

.8

1.1

-

.2
.1

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________

3 4 .1

2 5 .8

8 .7

1.2

5 p e r c e n t _________________________________
7 o r 7 V2 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------8 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ________________________________
12 o r 15 p e r c e n t _________________________
20 p e r c e n t _________________________________
25 p e r c e n t ________________________________

9 .5
1.5
1 6 .8

1.0

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________

3 .4

2.6
-

1.0
-

4 .2

-

.6
1.0

3 .9
.7

-

.2
2 .8

(2)
.9

.9

.1
.1

1.0

.2

(2 )

3 8.1

.4

.6

1 5 .5
2 .7
5 .0

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
3 P r i m a r i l y f u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p l u s u n if o r m c e n t s o r p e r c e n t a g e p e r h o u r .

22

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C i n c in n a t i, O h io - K y .— n d ., M a r c h 1 9 6 9 )
I
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

U n d e r 37 h o u r s
37 h o u r s . _________
..
__ _
37 V2 h o u r s
O v e r 37 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s
40 h o u r s
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s
45 h o u r s
4 6 V2 h o u r s
_
48 h o u r s
O v e r 48 h o u r s

.

__

_

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

A ll w o r k e r s

M a n u f a c tu r in g

100

100

2
( 5)
4
( 5)
79
3
7
( 5)
2
2

-

-

3

_

-

80
2
10
1
1
3

-

96
2
3
-

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100
2
4
25
7
62
( 5)

0

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

2
19
4
75
_
_
(5)

(5 )

1 S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a i d f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




(5)
1
98
_
_
_
_

23

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , C i n c in n a t i, O h io — y . — d . , M a r c h 1969)
K
In
P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m

A ll w o r k e r s __

_____

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

_________

_____

__

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s _________________________________

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

97

99

99

100

(4 )

(4 )

2

(4 )

2
22
1
2
1

12
1
2
1

3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

N um ber of days

L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s _______________ ,______________
6 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ________________________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ________ ____ - —
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 3 a n d 4 h a l f d a y s _______________
7 h o lid a y s
__ ____ ,____ ________
___
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ______________________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 3 h a l f d a y s — ____ - ___
8 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________ 8 h o lid a y s p l u s 1, 2 , a n d 3 h a lf d a y s ___________
9 h o lid a y s - .
_____ _
9 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ________________________
10 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________ —
11 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------

16
4
(4 )
24
15
11
1

(4)

.
10

27
-

15
5
28
19
15

41
19
-

1

“

1

_

1

(4 )

22
6

3
(4 )

.

_

11

5

3

1
2

1
1

8

7

10

5
3
-

1

5
-

-

21

21
1

60

20
1

33

22

1

9
(4 )

14
(4 )

“

(4)
9

(4 )
14
15
49
50
76
77
86
89
99
99
99

3

-

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
11 d a y s . _________ _____________
_______ ___
10 d a y s o r m o r e ______ -- .
__________ __ _
____________ ____
9 l/z d a y s o r m o r e __ ___

1
12
12

9 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e __
_______ _____ . .
..
— ___
___
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e . . __
7 d a y s o r m o r e __
.
. __ ___
.. ..
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ___ ___ __ ___ . .
6 d a y s o r m o r e ____ __ ________
. .
5 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________

26
27
54
55
73
74
96
97
98

1
2
3
4
5
no h a l f

17
17
36
36
69
70
86
87
98
98
99

19
19
60

60
87
87
97
97
97

12

32
33
56
61
72
78
98
99
99

_

22
22

82
82
94
95
100
100
100

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s t h a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u ll d a y s a n d
d a y s , 8 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u ll d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u l a t e d .




Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s . C i n c in n a t i, O h io — y .—I n d ., M a r c h 1 9 6 9 )
K
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

99
89
9
2

99
83
13
3

100
100
-

(5 )

(5 )

13
23
3
1

19
19
4
1

_
34
-

72
3
23
(5 )
2
1

74
4
19
2
1

89

42
6
48
1
3
1

47
8
40
(5 )
3
1

44

7
13
73
4
3
1

A ll w o r k e r s-

M a n u f a c tu r in g

7
17
66
6
4
1

6
11
75
4
3
1

5
14
69
6
5
1

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

99
96
4
-

99
92
8
_

100
100
_

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s _______
— —
_______
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ____________ — _______
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t- —. — — ———— —— _—
O t h e r - ___
______- - —
- W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s ____ __ . . . .

(5 )

(5 )

-

2
56
7
(5 )

2
53
8
1

53
1
-

19
(5 )
80

12
1
87
_
1
-

76
_
24

3
96
1
-

29
71
-

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a v 6
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w eek_
__
_
1 w eek— ___
____ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _

—

_

-

-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2
2 w eeks - _ — _
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3
3 w eeks
_
4 w eeks

w eeks
__
w eeks
-

_____

—

__ „

—

_

-

8
-

-

3
-

(5 )

_

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w ee k s
2 w e e k s - — _ ------ -------- ----- ----------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s —
— ____ —_______—3 w e e k s __
____ ___
——
4 w eeks - _
__ - - -

-

49
5
3
-

5
94
1
-

-

A fte r 3 v e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __
.
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s .
2 w eeks
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s
3 w eeks 4 w e e k s __

__

-

92
5
3
-

(5 )

1

_

-

-

-

95
4
1
-

90
7
2
-

100
-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek—
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
4 w eeks

-------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le .




_

92
5
3

(5 )
95
4
1

(5 )

_

-

-

90
7
3

100
_

25

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s . C i n c in n a t i, O h icr-K y .—I n d ., M a r c h 1 9 6 9 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a v 4— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_
_
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s .
2 w eeks O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ______ _______
__ - ___ - —
4 w eeks
— — _______ —

_
92
5
3
-

84
4
12
-

_
70
8
22
-

(*)
26
63
1
10

17
63
1
19

_
12
2
66
1
20

8
92
-

-

(5 )
21
2
65
1
11

_
68
5
27
-

(5 )
7
71
22
-

_
8
60
32
-

_
5
88
8
-

.

.

8
_
16
58
18
-

5
4
91
-

-

(5 )
7
26
57
10
-

6

(5 )
7
15

8
11

5
3

1
'( 5 )
77
7
13
1

73
10
16
1

1
22
9
61
1
7

_
19
12
58
1
9

_
10
5
85
-

1
16
9
67
1
7

12
13
64
1
9

5
5
90
-

1
9
(5 )
70
4
15
(5 )

_
8
69
6
16
1

1
9
(5 )
30
3
51
5
(5 )

8
32
4
48
6
1

9
5
86
-

8
27
2
46
2
13
1

(5 )

(5 )

_
100
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _________ __
2 w e e k s ____ . . — . .
_____________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ — —
3 w e e k s -__________________________ __ _________ ___
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w ee k s
_
_ _ ___
4 w eeks -

-

_

_
10
90
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __
_
____ ___
2 w e e k s _------ .. - - __ _________ ___ ____ ___________
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _ _ ____
_ _
4 w eeks - —

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_
_
_ _
2 w eeks .
.
.
.
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s —
- _______
3 w e e k s ----- ------------ --- --- ----------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____ __ ___
4 weeks. . .
.
.
5 w e e k s ____
- _
A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e^k
2 w eeks
- _ —
- ---O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — ____ _ —
3 w eeks
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s - —
- __
4 w e e k s ____________ _______ _____ ________—____ __
5 w e e k s __ ___
.
— _____ . — — ._ .
6 w eeks _ _ _
_
_- ____ —
__

_

_

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek.
2 w eeks . . .
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
____
_ __ ____
3 w eeks —
— ..
. ______
. . . .
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks
O v e r 4 and u n d er 5 w e e k s - - 5 w eeks —
_ _
6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .




1
9

(! )
26
2
50
1
11
(5 )

-

-

-

-

74

58

54

45

-

-

-

-

20

20

27

48
-

26

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f plain t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C i n c in n a t i, O h io — y .—I n d ., M a r c h 1 9 6 9 )
K
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s *

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 30 v e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_
_
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 4 and u n d er 5 w eek s
5 w eeks __
6 w eeks _
_
_ _ — - -

1
9
(5 )
26
2
47
1
13
1

27
2
42
2
16
2

1
9
(5 )
26
2
47
1
11
4

_
8
27
2
42
2
12
6

-

_

8

-

-

-

6

(5 )
7
15

_

5
-

11

-

-

-

74

55

48

-

20

_

8
-

-

-

22
(S )

33
1

3
_
45
-

48
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e
1 w eek_
2 w eeks O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________ —_____________
4 w eeks - - - - - — - ——
O v er 4 and u n d er 5 w ee k s
5 w e e k s _ —. ______ ___ _ . __„ _______ —
_
,
6 w eeks

-

6
-

74
20

(5 )
7
15
55
-

19
3

_
8
_
11
48
27
7

.
5
3
_
45
_
48

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n b o n u s , v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s , a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith
q u a li f y in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
* I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
* I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e
a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




27

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 C i n c in n a t i, O h io — y .— n d ., M a r c h 1969)
K
I
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u f a c tu r in g

99

99

100

94

96

98

100

95

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f i t s sh o w n b e l o w - -----------

96

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

98

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

100

91

A ll i n d u s t r i e s *

100

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _________________________________
A c c id e n ta l d e ath and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o th 5----------- — —

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

69

75

84

72

79

90

85

93

79

89

94

90

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e --------- S i c k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d ) ----------------- — ---S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) . — — ------ ------- -----

75

92

41

61

79

12

6

5

59

70

14

12

4

41

12

2

66

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ______________ _______
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n ___________________________

91
88
63
43
81

96
92
65
41
89

97
97
90
86
75

93
88
78
74
92

95
94
77
70
92

96
96
89
89
81

_

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta
f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S i c k le a v e p l a n s a r e li m i t e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t
le a st
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




28

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
(P e rc e n t d istr ib u tio n of p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s 'a n d in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y m eth od o f w age d e t e r m in a tio n 1
and fre q u e n c y of w age p ay m e n t, C in cin n ati, Ohio— y.— d ., M a rc h 1969)
K
In
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

.

_

M a n u f a c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

86
73
39
34

82
71
43
28

100
96
52
44

99
74
1
73

11

9

27

8

5

14

16
13
14
5
5
(5 )
8
5
3
1

13
11
18
7
7
(5 )
11
7
4
"

2
4
-

27
26
(5)

96
3
1
“

98
1
1
“

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
'
P a id tim e r a t e s
________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y
S in g le r a t e
R ange of ra te s
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d o n a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v ie w
P r o g r e s s io n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w _____________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y
P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e th o d s
P ie c e r a te
_ - I n d iv id u a l_________________________ -___ -____ _
G r o u p ------------------------------------------------------P r o d u c t io n b o n u s _______________________________
I n d iv id u a lG ro u p
C o m m i s s i o n ___ __ ____
__

99
70
( 5)
70

100
83
8
75

6

1

49

40

41

21

28
30
(5)

5
17
-

-

"

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s no t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n cy of w age paym ent
W e e k ly .
B i w e e k ly
S e m im o n t h ly _________________________ _—— -----------M o n th ly

1
2
3
4
5

79
15
6
-

58
25
18
“

F o r a d e sc r ip tio n of.the m e th o d s of w age d e te rm in a tio n , s e e In tro d u ctio n .
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in ad d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n sp o r t a tio n , co m m u n ic atio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad d itio n to th o se in d u str y d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s th an 0.5 p e rc e n t.




56
26
19
"

83
11
6
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b il l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y no t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e tc .', w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , an d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s lip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T OB
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e of th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s an d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h and.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a se
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , an d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r in c i p le s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




29

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s _o r— a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
p
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n O rd e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e it e m s * to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on the p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s no t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e of c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n of c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
i n e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

30
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f .a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
of o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d red
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BOY OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s no t e q u iv a le n t
to one of th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a ff
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is le v e l in c lu d e s a
w ide r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e an d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t io n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p of p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e no t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e of t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e no t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s » in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o T a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a .n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o rth a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t up a n d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic sp e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s an d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d in g an d ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
no t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M ay
p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

31
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w itc h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s an d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .*
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s ty p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k ty p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , ta b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te ’ b u t s m a l l t a b u la t in g stu d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d . M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
tra n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l la b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u ed

D RA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f tin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f tin g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s an d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e t c . R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RA FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s no t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a ig h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e no t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U ST R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n of th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;




C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d
m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

32
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t, ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H e a d o r . c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a te r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to su p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s an d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a.n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t lin g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o se p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u sin g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i ll w r ig h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

of m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith sp r 'a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o u t o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t an d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c ts ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

33
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e t o o l s an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , an d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U A R D A N D W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e ith e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e re n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s of la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEAN ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r an d s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
.m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d i t i o n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r I 1 to n s)
/*
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )







A va ila b le On R equest
T h e n in t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn ey s, c h e m ists, e n g in e e rs, engineering tech n ician s, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of office
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r a s BL.S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is tr a tiv e , T ec h n ica l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , Ju n e 1968. Seventy-^ive
cen ts a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a ila b le bulletins i s p re se n te d below. A d ir e c t o r y of a r e a wage stu dies including m o r e lim ited stu dies conducted at the
re q u e s t of the Wage and Hour and Public C o n tra c ts D iv isio ns of the D epartm ent of L a b o r i s a v a ila b le on re q u e st. Bulletins m a y be p urc h a se d f ro m
the Superintendent of Documents, U . S . Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402, or f r o m any of the B L S regio nal s a l e s o ffice s shown on
the in sid e front co v e r .
Area

Bulletin number
and p ric e

A k ro n , O hio, J u ly 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------- 1575-84, 35 cents
A lb an y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N. Y . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 * ------------ 1625 ^ 56^ 35 cents
5
T
A lb u q u e rq u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------- 1575-58, 30 cents
A llen to w n r-B eth leh em — a s t o n , P a . — . J . ,
E
N
A tla n ta , G a . , M ay 1968 1------------------------------- ----------B a lt im o r e , M d. , S e p t. 1968 1 ----------------------------------B e a u m o n t—
Port Arthur— r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ----O
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1968 1------------------- -------------B ir m in g h a m , A la . , A p r . 1969 1--------------------------------B o i s e C ity , Id ah o, J u ly 1968 1-----------------------------------B o s t o a , M a s s . , S e p t. 1968 1 ------------------------------------B u ffa lo , N. Y . , N o v . 1968 1--------------------------------------B u r lin g to n , V t. , M a r . 1969 1--------- ------- -------------------C an to n , O hio, Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------------C h a r le s t o n , W. V a. , A p r . 1968 1-----------------------------C h a r lo tt e , N . C . , M a r . 1969 -----------------------------------C h a tta n o o g a , T en n . — a . , S e p t. 1968 * ----------------------G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1969 1--------------------C le v e la n d , O hio, S e p t. 1 9 6 8 1-----------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O hio, O ct. 1968 1 -----------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1968 * ______________________________
D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is la n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
D ay to n , O hio, J a n . 1969 1-----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c . 1968-----------------------------------------D e s Moines, Iowa, M a r . 1969 ---------------------------------D e tr o it, M ich . , J a n . 1969 1 -------------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x . , N ov. 1968 1_________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is. , Ju ly 1968 1-----------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S . C . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------H o u sto n , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1--------------------------------------Indianapolis, In d., D e c . 1 9 6 8 1-------------------—-----------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1 —
----------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1-----— ----------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o. — a n s . , S e p t. 1968 1 ----------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s . — . H. , Ju n e 1968 1 — -----H
N
L it t le R o c k — o rth L itt le R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1 9 6 8 * ------N
L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h an d A n ah e im — a n ta A n a L
S
G a rd e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------L o u i s v i l le , K y . —
Ind. , N o v . 1968-------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1969----------------------------------------M a n c h e s te r , N .H . , J u lv 1968 1---------------------------------M em phis, T e n n .— r k . , N o v . 1968-----------------------------A
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1968 1------ --------- ------------------------M id lan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r . 1969—----------- --------M ilwaukee , Wis. , A p r . 1968-------------------------------------

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1625-65,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1625-54,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1625-61,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1625-63,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
35
35
50
50
35
30
30
30
35
50
45
50
35
50

cents
cents
cent s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1625-62.
1625-58,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
35
30
30
50
35
35
30
45
35
35
35
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-64.
1625-33,
1625-53,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1625-49,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
30
35
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M in n e a p o lis - S t . P a u l, M in n ., J a n . ’ 969
M u sk e go n — u sk e g o n H e ig h ts, M ic h .. M ay 1 9 6 8 *
M
N e w a rk an d J e r s e y C ity , N . J . , Ja n . 1969N ew H aven , C on n . , J a n . 1969-----N ew O r le a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1__
N ew Y o rk , N . Y . , A p r. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u th an d N e w p o rt N e w s—
P
H am p to n , V a. , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ---------------- -------------O m a h a, N e b r . —
Iow a, O ct. 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------- ------------P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1968 1 ------------P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1969
P it ts b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1969.
P o r tla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ----------P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W ash. , M ay 1968 1
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k et— arw ick , R . I . — a s s .
P
W
M
M ay 1968 —
R a le ig h , N. C . , A u g . 1968 1
R ic h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1 9 6 7 *
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ffic e o c c u p a tio n s only), J u ly 1968
R o c k fo r d , 111., M ay 1 9 6 8 *
S t. L o u i s , M o .—
111. , J a n . 1 9 6 8 S a lt L a k e C ity , U tah , D e c . 1968
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , Ju n e 1968S a n B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n ta r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 _______________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct. 1968.
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 ----------------- ^
_
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------------S c r a n to n , P a . , J u ly 1 9 6 8 1 — — —— __________________
S e a t tle — v e r e t t , W ash . , N ov. 1968 * _______________
E
S io u x F a l l s , S . D ak . , (Se t. 19 6 8 * ______________ ____
Sou th B e n d , I n d ., M a r . [1969S p o k a n e , W a s h ., Ju n e 1 9 6 8 _______
S y r a c u s e , N . Y. , J u ly 1 9 6 8 *
T am pa.— t. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1 9 6 8 ___
S
T o le d o , O hio— ich . , F e b . !1969 1___
M
T re n to n , N . J . , O ct. 1 9 6 8 *
U tic a — o m e , N. Y. , Ju ly 1 9 6 8 * —
R
W ash in gton , D. C . — d .—V a. , S e p t. 1968
M
'
W a te rb u ry , C on n . , M a r . 1969____________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1968 1_____________
W ich ita, K a n s . , D e c . 11968-------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ju n e * 19 6 8 * __________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1969Young sto w n - W a rr e n , O hio, N ov. [196<

Bulletin number
and p ric e
1625-47,
1575-60,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1575-78,

35
30
40
30
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59.
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
50
30
35
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
-1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2,
1575-70,
1575-39,
1625-36,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
! 1625-44,
1625-21,
1575-73,
1625-12.
[1625-43,
1625-23,
[1625-55,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
[1625-57,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1575-76,
[1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
35
30
30
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
35
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. D EP A R T M E N T OF LABO R

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L




B U S I N ESS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102