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I

Area Wage

Public Library

The Toledo, Ohio—Michigan, Metropolitan Area
February 1969

B u lle tin

INo.

1625-57




U N IT E D STATES DEPAR TM ENT OF LABOR
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

R E G IO N I II
P H IL A D E L P H IA

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Toledo, Ohio—M ichigan, M etropolitan Area
F e b ru a ry 1 9 6 9

B u lle tin No. 1 6 2 5 -5 7
June 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For




sa le

by

th e

S u p e rin te n d e n t

of

D o c u m e n ts,

U .S .

G o v ern m en t

P r in tin g

O ffic e ,

W a sh in g to n ,

D .C .

20402

—

P r ic e

35

c e n ts




Contents

P reface

P a g e
The

B u re a u

o c c u p a tio n a l
sign ed

to p r o v id e

lish m e n t
y ie ld s
of

th e

a r e a s

th e
by

d ata

n eed

on

and

d ata

fo r

A

se le c te d
fo r

and

g e o g ra p h ic

in s ig h t in to

le v e l of w a g e s
At

le tin

th e

p re se n ts

c o m p le tio n
roun d
T h e

of

of

U n ited

each

p a rt

stu d ied

a

one
h as

d ata

su rv ey ,
fo r

to

an

each

b u lle tin .

T h e

p ro je c te d

re la te

to

fo r
fo r

str u c ­

fro m

is

e a rn in g s

p e rce n ts
A.

fo r

of ch ange

A -l.
A -2.

P ro fe ssio n a l

A -3.

O ffic e ,

a

O ffic e

issu e d .

scop e

of su rv ey

and

sa la r ie s

se le c te d
fo r

and

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s,

se le c te d

4

stra ig h t-tim e
and

p e r i o d s ___________________________________

6

o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

a n d w o m e n __________________________________

7

a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

and

w o m e n ______________________________________________________________________________
m en

m e t­

and

w ith in

O ccu p atio n al e a rn in g s:

fo r

p ro fe ssio n a l,
and w o m en

9

an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—

c o m b i n e d _______________________________________________

10

A -4.

M a in te n an c e

a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________________

11

A -5.

th e
B .

is

of stan d ard w ee k ly

h o u rly

b u l­

and w o rk e rs

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________________

12

S tate s.
N in e ty

g ra m .

In dexes

p re se n ts

re g io n s

o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________ _________

s t u d i e d __________________________________________________________________________

A fter

in d iv id u a l

g e o g ra p h ic

2.

m e tro p o lita n
p a rt

E sta b lish m e n ts
n u m b er

d iv isio n s.

b u lle tin s

seco n d

1.

is

w ag es

stu d ied .

th e

se le c te d

T a b le s;

th e

of

b u lle tin

of

It

p ro g ra m

in d iv id u a l a r e a

a re a

fo r

each

(2) th e

and

a re a

each

1
5

tren d s

e sta b ­

and

th e

in d u stry

su m m a ry
fo r

b een

in

and

in d iv id u a l

d ata

d iv isio n

re g io n s,

le v el,

a r e a s

tw o -p art

b rin g s

in to

a re a

th e

and

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________________________________
W age

d e ­

p ro v isio n s.

(1) th e m o v e m e n t

sk ill

re su lts

of

in fo r m a tio n w h ich
ro p o lita n

of

all

and

am on g

su rv ey

su rv e y s,

first

a re a s

end

in d u stry

annual
is

of

a r e a s

w age

c o n sid e ra tio n

o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y

tu re

p ro g ra m

m e tro p o lita n

o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s,

m a jo r

g re a te r

S ta tistic s

in

su p p le m e n tary

by

stu d ied ,

S tate s.

L ab o r

su rv e y s

p ra c tic e s

d e ta ile d

U n ited

of

w age

In

each

c o lle c te d

a re a s

su p p le m e n ta ry

w age

a re

in fo rm a tio n

a re a ,

a n n u ally

c u rre n tly

on

and

on

in c lu d e d

o c c u p a tio n a l

e sta b lish m e n t

p ro v isio n s

in

th e

p r o ­

E sta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s
B - l.

M in im u m

ea rn in g s

p ra c tic e s

and

en tran ce

su p p le m e n ta ry w age

sa la r ie s

fo r w om en

p ro v isio n s:

o ffic e

w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________________________

and

B -2 .

b ie n n ially .

14

S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________________________

15

B -3 .

B u dget

th rou gh

C o u n tie s,
con d u cted

by

Ja n u a ry

O h io ;

under

th e

R eg io n a l

and

th e

g e n e ral
D ire c to r




1968,

M on roe

c o n sists

C ou n ty,

B u r e a u 's

re g io n a l

d ire ctio n

of

fo r

of

L u c a s

M ich .
o ffic e

W oodrow

C.

T h is
in

and

L in n ,

16

h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________________________________

17

B -5 .

P a id

v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________________________________

H ealth ,
M eth o d

i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _______________________________
of w ag e d e te rm in a tio n and fre q u en c y of p ay m e n t—

18
21
22

W ood

stu d y w a s

C h ic a g o ,

h o u r s ____________________________________________________

P a id

B -6 .
B -7 .

T h is
b u lle tin
p re se n ts re su lts
o f th e
su rv ey
in
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , i n F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 9 .
The Stan d ard M e t­
r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e

S c h ed u le d w ee k ly

B -4.

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________________________

111.,

A ssista n t

O p eratio n s.
N O T E ;
a re a s.

U n io n
in

th e

in sid e
sc a le s,

T o led o

stru c tio n ;
m o to rtru ck

iii

S im ila r

(See

a re a ,

p rin tin g ;
d riv e rs,

ta b u latio n s

b ack

in d ic a tiv e
a re

a re

av aila b le

fo r

o th er

c o v e r.)

a lso

of

lo c a l-tra n sit
h elp e rs,

p re v ailin g

a v a ila b le
and

fo r

o p e ra tin g
a llie d

p a y

le v e ls

b u ild in g

em p lo y ees;

o c c u p a tio n s.

co n ­
and

23




Area Wage Survey---The Toledo, Ohio—Mich., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is
B u re a u
and

of

re la te d

o b tain e d
a tiv e

a re a

L ab o r

is

1 of

b en e fits

by

90

S ta tistic s
on

p e rso n al

a re a w id e

an

fa c tu rin g ;

tra n sp o rtatio n ,
tra d e ;

se rv ic e s.

M a jo r

govern m en t

p ro v id ed
catio n

fo r

each

th e

few er

th ey

ten d

stu d ied

to

of

fin an ce,

gro u p s

and

h av in g

b ro ad

to

and

ex clu d ed

L a b o r 's

and

d ata

to

re a l

M an u ­

la te

u tilitie s;

giv en

a llo w a n ce s
stan d ard

in d u strie s.
th e

in

ta b u latio n s
m e et

fo r
in g s

o b ta in
la rg e

o p tim u m
th an

h o w ev er,
tim a te s
a s

su rv ey s

co n d u cted

at

on

to

th o se

a re

is

e sta b lish m e n ts
th e

a

sa m p le
a ll

co st,

a

p u b li­

th e ir
th e

m in im u m

In

c o m b in in g

a re

of

The

T o

pay

of

and

The
of

e ls

fo r

not

be

th e refo re ,

th e

fo llo w in g
(3)

ty p es:

m a in te n an c e

m en t.

d u tie s

a re

and
(1)

and

liste d

th e jo b

and

title s

th e
fo r

of th e

o c c u p a tio n s

w ith in

o c c u p a tio n s,

eith er

(1)

d ata
of

to

in d iv id u a l

to

tak e

sa m e
a ll

liste d
a re

em p lo y m en t

m e rit

and

c lassific a tio n

d e scrib e d
a re

fo r

a re a ,

m en

and

en ces

(4)

accoun t

jo b .

in th e

(2)

is

The

and d e sc rib e d ,

in th e

p re se n tatio n ,
e sta b lish m e n t

cu sto d ial

of

o c c u p a tio n
o r

(2)

on

in

to

is

and

u n ifo rm

fo r
to o
is

th e

of

jo b

fo r

study

a ctu ally

d ata

fo r

ta in ed

of

so m e

d iv isio n s

to p r o v id e

th e

b ecau se

any

in

p ay

w ith in

a lth o u g h

in

am on g

of

th e

th e
e m ­

of

w ee k ly

p ay

e a rn ­

fo r

th e

a re

re fle c t

p ay

m ay

D iffe r­

sin ce

c la ssifie d

se x e s

w h ich

in clu d e:

in

le v ­

sh o u ld

th e

d iffe re n c e s

o n ly

in

th e

sp e c ific

ap p ro p riate ly

Jo b
d e scrip tio n s
u s e d in
u su a lly m o re g e n e ra liz e d

e sta b lish m e n ts
th e

of

jo b .

jo b s

o c c u p a tio n s

ra n g e s,

and

to

a v e ra g e

w o m en

rate

c o lle c te d ;

in

fa il

fa c to rs

jo b

each

am on g

tre atm e n t

and

w o rk e rs

in d iv id u a l

in

e s ti­

and

fo r

m ay

m a in ta in e d

p o ssib le

e sta b lish e d
a re

le v e l

e stim a te s

pay

m en

a re a w id e

pay

se le c te d

in

O th er

e sta b lish m e n ts

su rv ey ed .

fro m

th e

re la tiv e

ea rn in g s

enough

em p lo y m en t

w ith in

th e

B e c a u se

e sta b lish m e n ts,
sa m p le

th e

and

sp e c ific

e stim a te s

sco p e
of

of

th e

d iffe re n c e s

e stim a te s

of

of e sta b lish m e n ts

im p o rta n ce

o c c u p a tio n a l

a llo w
d u tie s

fo r

m in o r

p e rfo rm e d .

stru ctu re

of
do

th e

not

jo b s
affect

re p re se n t

study
in

and

th e

not

total

th e

o ccu p a tio n a l

stru ctu re

o c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t
stu d ied

stu d ied .

se rv e

o n ly to

T h ese

m a te ria lly

th e

in

n u m ber
ob ­

in d ic a te

d iffe re n ce s

a c c u ra c y

of

in
th e

d ata.

d isc lo su re

d ata.

E sta b lish m e n t

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New Yodc State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




w h ic h

n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r.

in

d iffe re n c e s

d iffe re n ce s

in c u m b e n ts

e sta b lish m e n ts

am on g

sm a ll

in

e sta b lish m e n ts.

O ccu p ation al
a ll

fo llo w in g

p o ssib ility

S im ila rly ,

u sed

th o se

d iffe re n c e s

v a ria tio n

ta b le s,

to

m o v e ­

set

in d u stry

and

h o u rs

is

(e x clu siv e

A v erag e

a v e ra g e s

th an

v a rie ty
of

th e

sa m e
su rv ey
jo b
d escrip tio n .
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e
su rv e y s a re

d ata

so m e

w ee k ly
fo r

c o m p o site ,

d iffe r e n tly to th e
or

re fle c t

p e rfo rm e d ,

e a rn in g s

A - se r ie s

p r e ­

c o st-o f-liv in g

hour)

d iffe r

d iffe re n tia l

p ro g re ssio n
p aid

re fle c t

w ith in
th e
c lassify in g

te c h n ic a l;

se le c te d

ex clu d e

but

sa la r ie s

fo r

sch ed u le

re fere n ce

ro u n d e d to th e

fro m

d iffe re n c e s

ra te s

E a rn in g s

The

in th e

th ere

a

a re

and m a te ria l
a

o c c u p a tio n s

or

to

and

in te re sta b lish m e n t

co m b in ed .

not p re se n te d

co m m o n

p ro fe ssio n a l

b ase d

ap p en d ix.

in d u strie s

a re

in d u strie s,

b een

sp re a d

w om en
to

in d iv id u al

co n trib u te

stu d ied .

stu d y

c le ric al;

p o w erp lan t;

d e sig n e d

w ith in

se le c te d

n o n m an u fa c tu rin g

h a lf

sh ow n

h o lid ay s,

W here

ra te s).

o b ta in a b le

e sta b lish m e n ts.

d u tie s

O ffic e

O ccu p atio n al

d escrip tio n s
in

o c c u p a tio n s

n e are st

e sta b lish m e n ts

co n trib u te

w age

a ssu m e d

w ith in

E arn in g s

m an u factu rin g

ex clu d e d ,

in clu d e d .

p re m iu m

h ave

d ata

o c c u p a tio n s,

th e

p rese n ted

and

re la tio n sh ip

in d iv id u al

E s ­

th u s,

actu al
O ccu p ation s

a re

a re
w ee k ly

w eek en d s,

stra ig h t-tim e

a n d /o r

a v e ra g e s

and,

ac c u ra te ly

d ata,

and

re g u la r

re g u la r

o c c u p a tio n s

T h e

th e

gro u p in g

to

on

are.

c le ric a l

(ro u n d ed

In d u strie s

w eig h t.

p rese n ted ,

in d u stry

size

b e ca u se

p ro p o rtio n

a p p ro p ria te

stu d ied

in

b a sis

e sta b lish m e n ts.
g re a te r

stu d ied .

giv en

e sta b lish m e n ts

b elo w

on

su rv ey in g

e sta b lish m e n ts

th e

a ll

in

m in im u m

e sta b lish m e n ts

b ase d
fo r

a re

in v o lv e d

a c c u ra c y

of sm a ll
a ll

re la tin g

except

co st

e a rn in g s

d ata

re g u la r

E a rn in g s

w o rk

b o n u ses

o ffic e

th e ir

at

th ese

m a te s.

T h ese

w orkw eek

fo r

a

a re

c rite ria .

u n n e c e ssa ry

fo r

e a rn in g s

c lassific a tio n .

in ce n tiv e
a s

re c e iv e

staffin g
th e

and

and

h ire d to w o rk

and

N o n p ro d u ctio n

o v e rtim e
fo r

th o se

o v e rtim e

re p o rte d ,

p lo y ee s

are

em p lo y m en t

i.e .,

o c c u p a tio n a l
fo r

sh ifts.

a re

w o rk e rs

w h ic h

w o rk e rs,

pay

a re

em p lo y m en t

d iv isio n s

th e

stu d ies

of

S ep a rate

in

m iu m

and

e x trac tiv e

in su ffic ie n t

w ere

estate ;

th ese

nu m b er

fu ll-tim e

re p re se n t­

p u b lic

and

O ccu p ation al

e a rn in g s

d iv isio n s:

fro m

in c lu sio n .
in d u stry

a re a ,

oth er

in su ran ce,

fu rn ish

b ro ad

th is

in d u stry

a p r e sc rib e d

w arran t

th e

In

e c o n o m ists

c o n stru c tio n

th an

of

of o cc u p a tio n a l

fie ld

c o m m u n ic atio n ,

in d u stry

b e ca u se

o c c u p a ti.o n s

B u re a u
six

trad e ;

o p e ra tio n s

E sta b lish m e n ts
o m itted

re ta il

D ep artm en t

b a s is .1

of

w ith in

w h o le sa le

U .S .

su rv e y s

v isits

e sta b lish m e n ts

in w h ic h th e

con d u cts

1

P ra c tic e s

In fo rm atio n
e sta b lish m e n t

is

and

S u p p lem en tary

p rese n ted

p ra c tic e s

and

(in

th e

W age

B - s e r ie s

su p p le m e n ta ry

w age

P ro v isio n s
ta b le s)

on

p ro v isio n s

se le cte d
a s

th ey

re la te
to p lan t an d
o ffice
w o rk e rs.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
ex e cu tiv e,
and
p ro fe ssio n a l
em p lo y ees,
and
co n stru c tio n
w o rk e rs w ho
a r e u tiliz e d
a s

a

se p a ra te

w ork

fo rce

a re

ex clu d ed .

"P lan t

w o rk e rs"

in clu d e

2

w o rk in g

fo rem en

m en

train ee s)

and

in c lu d e

w o rk in g

and

a ll

n o n su p erv iso ry

en gaged

in

S u p e rv iso rs

c le ric a l

or

re late d

ex clu d ed

in m a n u f a c t u r i n g

n o n o ffice
and

fu n ctio n s.

w o rk e rs

n o n su p erv iso ry

C a fe te ria

in d u strie s,

(in c lu d in g

fu n ctio n s.

"O ffice

but in clu d e d

and

p art

of

th e

h o lid ay s

to

to tal

ro u tem en

sa m p lin g

en tran ce

o n ly to th e

te ch n iq u e s

m en ts

a re

above

sh ow

m o re

th e

sa la r ie s

fo r

e sta b lish m e n ts
u sed ,

lik e ly

and

to

th e

h ave

w om en

v isite d .

in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

o ffice

p ro b a b ility

fo rm a l

w o rk e rs

B e c a u se
th at

en tran ce

o f th e

la rg e

(tab le

o p tim u m

e sta b lish ­

ra te s

fo r

The

e sta b lish m e n ts,

w o rk e rs

th e

fits.

S h ift d iffe r e n tia l
in

m an u factu rin g

te r m s

of

w o rk er
of

(1)

su rv ey .
th e

to

c la ssific a tio n

la te -sh ift

h o u rs

o n ly

a p p lie d

if

it

and

(2)

"o th e r"
a re

a

th e

lim ite d
is

in

to

p lan t

In

at n o rm al

of

th e

e sta b lish m e n ts

th e

a

in

P ro v isio n s
a s

of

th an

an

ap p ly in g

re g a rd le ss

o th er

a

a

of

tim e

of 2 p e rce n t
w e e k 's

w h ic h
to

1

first-sh ift

w o rk e rs

a ll

p lan t

of

th e

w ee k ly
w o rk ,

h o u rs

or

a re

w h eth er

in

an

th ey

w o rk e rs

w h ich

w ere

p aid

of

a re

th at

fu ll-tim e
fo r

at

B -3)

D ata
th o se

am ount

co st.

Such

m a jo rity ,

com p an y

so m e

th e

re co rd e d

fo r
if

of a

m a jo rity

tab u lated

a s

stra ig h t-tim e

th e

p lan s;
a re

and

freq u en cy

tre a te d

p lan t o r
m a y
ite m s

of

sta tistic a lly

o ffice

w o rk e rs

e v e n tu a lly
in

p aid

ta b le s

B -2

w age
on

if

q u a lify

v a c a tio n s ; h e a lth ,

ex p ected

o v e rtim e

paym en t

th e
a

fo r

b a sis

m a jo rity
th e

(ta b le s

th at

th ese

of su ch

p ra c tic e s

th rou gh

B -7

m a y

in su ran c e ,
B -4
a re

th is
th e

to

not

equ al

and

B -7)

of

to tals

all

e lig ib le

a re

to

or

in d iv id u al
b eca u se

of

ro u n d in g .

even

d ay s
in

gran ted

w ritte n

o rd in arily
w o rk d ay

an n u ally

fo rm ,
gran ted

and

th e

o r

on
(2)

a re

a

(ta b le

fo rm a l

h ave

b een

in c lu d e d

w o rk e r

is

B -4)

not

b a sis;

a re

lim ite d

i.e .,

e sta b lish e d

even

th ough

gran ted

(1)
by

to
a re

is

le n g th s

a

tim e

w as

le n g th s

lim ite d

to

a

in te n d e d

a s

a

sp e c ific

of

th e

paym en t
fo r

c o n sid e re d

of

se rv ic e .

as

th e

eq u iv ­

p lan s

beyond

T y p ic a l

and

can

on

e x a m p le ,

v a c atio n -sa v in g s
b en e fits

w ere

e sta b lish ­

fo r

b a sis;

a lu m in u m ,

b en e­

se rv ic e

of

P ro v isio n s
to

"sa b b a tic a l"

ste e l,

is

not

w o rk e rs

ex clu d e

c u rity ,

and

th e

th o se

A n

a

a

re q u ire d

as

w as

and

b a sic

of

su ch

in d u strie s.

(ta b le

le a st
or

a

be

to

of

th e

in su ra n c e
set

by

asid e

h ave

co v ered

co st

in ­

of

d ire ctly

fun d

p a rtic ip ate

th e

B -6)

p art

p aid

fro m

to
to

a

c o m m e rc ia l

c o n sid e re d

to w ard

w ere

a
or

w o r k m e n 's

re tire m e n t

at

fu n d

fun d s

ele cte d

co n trib u te

such

by

e lig ib le

m a jo rity

to

p lan s,

w as

p lan s

p ay s

u n io n

o p e ra tin g

e sta b lish m e n t

th an

p e n sio n

u n d erw ritte n

em p lo y ees

ra ilro a d

and

em p lo y er

th ro u gh

cu rren t

of

le ss

w ere

in su ran c e ,

p ro v id ed

out of

if

S ic k n e ss
th e

in su re d

p rese n ted
ev e r,

in

a re

fo r

a

p lan

under

b ecau se

th e

p lan .

c o m p e n sa tio n ,

th e
e m ­
L e ­

so c ial

s e ­

ex clu d ed .

d ata

on

h o li­

in c lu d e d

p ro v id ed

cu sto m .

th ey

m a y

fa ll

an o th er

day

off.

(2)

re q u ire m e n ts
to

no

a re

a

of

w o rk e rs

w a itin g

sick

The

first

eith er

d u rin g

w aitin g

or

non­

le av e ,
or

th e

and
th e

an

b oth

a re

In

w ith
of

(2)

p aid

(1)

p lan s

w h ich

to tal

is

and

or
of

a c c id e n t
of

of
is

H ow ­

te m p o ra ry

th an

w h ic h

is

le g a lly

ex ceed

le a v e

th e

p lan s

are

a p ro p o rtio n
illn e ss.

w h ich

p ro v id e

sh ow n

In fo rm atio n

en acted

m o re

to th e p r e s e n t a t io n

sic k n e ss

typ e

d ire c tly

c o n trib u tio n s, 3 p la n s

sick

b e c a u se

th at
m ad e

c o n trib u te s.

b e n e fits

fu ll p a y

w ork

p lan s

ad d itio n

p ro v id ed
of

p rov id e

fro m

a c c o r d in g to

and

u n d u p lic ate d
ty p es

c o n trib u te s

em p lo y ee

a b sen ce

h ave

em p lo y er

to

a re

d isa b ility .

e m p lo y er

T a b u latio n s

la w .

p e rio d ,

(1)

lim ite d

p ay m en ts

w h ich

re q u ire

em p lo y er
th e

th e

J e r s e y ,

w h ic h

is

ca sh

accid e n t

w h ic h

N ew

law s

p rese n ted

p e rio d .
w ho

in su ran c e
or

to

fo r m a l p la n s 4 w h ic h

for

a

if

p lan s

p ro v id es

of

p ay

H o lid ay s
on

Y o rk
o n ly

or

illn e ss

su ch

in su ran ce

re q u ire d ,

and

a c c id e n t

p re d e te rm in e d

d u rin g

a ll

N ew

d isa b ility

and

u n d e r w h ic h

ta b u latio n s
h o lid ay s

th e

w h ich

in c lu d e

th o se

re q u ire d

lim ite d

on p aid

fo r

p u rp o se.

w o r k e r 's
D ata

h a lf

to

p e n sio n

th ro u gh

S u m s

h e a lth ,

p lan s

m a jo rity

ra te s.

ap p lica b le

w o rk e rs

listed .

h a lf

and

re c e iv in g

a ll

ea rn in g s

or

B -5)

It

o ffice

se rv ic e .

q u a lify in g
in

fo r

or

E stim a te s

w ith

(ta b le

a ctu ally

co n v erted

of annual

p lan s

on

em p lo y er

g a lly

to
h o lid ay s;

of

"e x ten d ed "

p lan s

and

in su ran ce
P a id

and

S c h e d u le d

w ere
or

of

a p p ly in g

e sta b lish m e n t.

em p lo y ees

a re

clu d e

h o u rs.

(ta b le

e sta b lish m e n t

o ffic e
th o se

h o u rs

w h o le
w h o le

in

p lo y ee s
sc h e d u led w ee k ly

w o rk e rs

e x c lu sio n s

p lan t

w e re

pay.

o ffer

p lan s

p ro v isio n s.

of w o rk e rs

le n g th

of

p lan ,
The

v a c a tio n

a ll

b a sis

a le n t

th e

in w h ic h

of

co m b in e s

p lan t
of

th e

n u m b er

tim e .

e sta b lish m e n t
to

a paym en t

te rm s

tim e

d iffe re n tia l w a s

sh ift

both

to tal

p rese n ted

sh ift at

d iffe re n tials,

ra te s,

of

is

w o rk e rs

p rese n ted

if n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to

u sed .

ta b le

e sta b lish m e n ts.

te rm s

p ra c tic e ,

sp e c ifie d
v a rie d

o r,

m a jo rity

a re

la rg e

in fo rm a tio n

h av in g

u sed

and

p rese n ted

effe ctiv e
on

w as

p aid

to

B -2)

T h is

em p lo y ed

m a jo rity w a s

m e d iu m

p o lic y ,2

e sta b lish m e n ts
a

sm a ll

in

(ta b le

in d u strie s.

a ctu ally

In

a p p ly in g

d ata

e sta b lish m e n t

em p lo y m en t,

w o rk e rs

th an

p o lic ie s

p a rt

v a catio n

o f th e p r o p o r tio n

tab u lated
m en t,

of

of

p lan s

le v e l

of

th e

seco n d

h o lid ay

su m m a ry

m e a su re

th o se

su b c le ric a l

m o re -re p re se n ta tiv e

p re se n ts

The

are

m e a su re
M in im u m

ta b le

gran ted .

sta tistic a l

re la te

h o lid ay s

a c tu ally

in d u strie s.

B - l)

p aid

h o lid ay s

p e rfo rm in g

w o rk e rs

w o rk e rs

le a d -

w o rk e rs"

of

th e

S ep a rate
fu ll

pay

eith er

p ro v id e

p a rtia l

pay

of th e

p ro p o rtio n s

in su ran c e

w o rk e rs

w ho

or

p aid

re c e iv e

b en e fits.

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C atastro p h e
ic a l

in su ran ce,

em p lo y ees
th e

in

n o rm al

M e d ic a l
paym en t
m e rc ia l
be

p aid

c a se

of

co v erage

in su ran ce
of

in su ran c e ,

in c lu d e s

in su ran ce

of

to

fe e s.

by

th e

of

re tire m e n t

em p lo y er

re g u la r

in ju r y

p lan s

Such

c o m p an ie s

fo r

p ro v id e

and

or

m e d ic a l,
m ay

a
th e

fo r
be

a s

m a jo r

set
a re

sp e cia l

beyond

en ced w o rk e rs

su rg ic a l

c o m p le te

asid e

fo r

lim ite d

or

or

p a rtia l

by

rate

stru ctu re ,

m ay

fo r

p lan t w o r k e r s

th e w o r k e r 's

life .

rate.

w o rk e rs.
fo r
o v er

each
a

ty p es

of

c e n tiv e
to
u al

a ll

ra te

of

w age

stru ctu re

sy ste m s.

U nder

d e te rm in a tio n
fo r
a

ex p erien ced w o rk e rs

w o rk er

o c c a sio n ally




w o rk e rs
sin gle
in

m ay

th e
be

rate

p aid

under

stru ctu re

sa m e
p aid

(ta b le

jo b

above

B -7)

re la te s

v a rio u s
th e

tim e

sa m e

c lassific a tio n .
or

b elo w

th e

rate
A n

to

b asic

and
is

in ­

q u o ta

a

of

of

sa m e

or

lo w

th e

b a sis

sa le s,

or

a lso

In

th e

is

in c id e n c e

of su ch

in l e s s

a re

th an

re p re se n ts
on

a

is

stan d ard
a

fo r

rate
on

p ay m en ts
of

on

th e

fo rm a l

d e te rm in e

p lan s

b a se d

c o m b in atio n

of a

p ro v id ed

p re d e te rm in e d

b o n u ses

e x p e ri­

p ro v id ed

w o rk er

p lan s

ra n g e -o f-

p aid

ab sen ce

in d iv id u al

a

A

rate

of in ce n tiv e

sy ste m ,

o f a jo b

c o m m issio n
of

of

P ro d u ctio n

co m p le tio n

v a lu e

ran ge.

ty p es

p iecew ork

o u tp u t.

a

th e

of th e

ex ce p tio n s.

m a x im u m

In fo rm atio n

q u a lific a tio n s
on

a re

a n d /o r

jo b .

th rou gh

b ecau se
a

p ay m en ts

o n ly
o ffice

is

p aid

p rod u ctio n

tim e.
b a se d
stated

C o m ­
on

a

sa la ry

p e rcen tage.

p aid

in d iv id ­

sin gle

on

su ch

m in im u m

In fo rm atio n

U nder
u n it

p erce n tage
p lu s

th e

th e

p ay

p lan s

but
th e

of p ro g re ssio n

p e n satio n
M eth od

fo r

th e

p u rp o se.

th ose

m eth od

sp e c ifie s

c o m ­

th ey

th is

to

p lan s.

p lan

re a so n s,

ra te s

ex p en ses

and

of

fo r

p ro tect

u n d erw ritte n

re m a in d e r

m e d ­

to

o rg a n iz a tio n s

fu n d

p lan s

to

d e sig n e d

in v o lv in g

n o n p ro fit

out of
fo r

a re

p ro v id in g

p lan s

p e n sio n

p ay m en ts

re fe rre d

w h ic h

h o sp ita liza tio n ,

T a b u latio n s
th at

p lan s

sic k n e ss

r e fe rs

d o c to rs'

so m e tim e s

th o se

rate

D ata
ta b le

B -7 .

on

frequ en cy

of

w age

paym en t

a lso

a re

p ro v id ed

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s Wit hin S c o p e of S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d in T o l e d o , Oh io — i c h . , 1 b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1969
M
N um ber of estab lish m en ts

Industry d ivision

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b li s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
of study

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it hi n s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it hi n s c o p e
of study f

P lant
Num ber

All divisions
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N onm arm fartnring
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd
nth « r puhlir. u ti l it i ft s 5
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________________
R etail trade
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8 ----------------------------------------------------

Studied

T o tal4

Stu died

O ffice

Percent

T o tal4

_

449

145

116,600

100

79,400

17,200

77,660

50
-

210
239

73
72

7 b , 00 0
41,600

64
36

52,300
27,100

10,500
6 , 700

55,150
22,510

50
50
50
50
50

47
36
84
26
46

20
10
21
7
14

10,200
5 , 20 0
16,800
4 , 00 0
5,400

9
5
14
3
5

6 , 000
( 6)
(6)
(7)
( 6)

1,600
(6)
( 6)
(6)
(6)

7,990
1,630
8,880
1,730
2,280

1 T h e T o l e d o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u of th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s of L u c a s a nd Wood C o u n t i e s , O h io ; a n d M o n r o e C o u nt y , M i c h .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y "
e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n of th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s
a r e not
in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s of c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s
s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g of w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e of th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e of th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 196 7 e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) of c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a nd m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p l a n t a nd o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e excluded.
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
of d a t a
f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e
f o r one o r m o r e of the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s not
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , bu t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n of d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r o ne o r m o r e of th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s a nd m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a nd e n g i n e e r i n g a nd a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t w o - t h i r d s of the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e of th e s u r v e y in th e T o l e d o a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t of a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry7 g r o u p s

Specific in dustries

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ------- 25
Stone, clay, and g l a s s
p r o d u c t s - ________________________ 19
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 10
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 8
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s _____
8
F o o d a nd k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 7
E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t an d

M o t o r v e h i c l e s a nd
e q u i p m e n t _______________________ 24
G l a s s a nd g l a s s w a r e ,
p r e s s e d o r b low n_____ _________ 9
F l a t g l a s s ________________________ 7
N o n f e r r o u s f o u n d r i e s ___________ 5

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s of t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on the r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re se n te d
in

a v e ra g e

and

in a v e r a g e

a re

a

d u rin g

b etw een
y ie ld s
d ate

th e

w age

ch an ges
of

m e a su re

M eth od

of

in

of

th e

a ssig n e d

2

th e

la te r

fo r

se le c te d
a

gro u p s.

e x p re sse d
th e

a re a

in

ch ange

each

e a rn in g s

p rem iu m

pay

th e

la te

in d ex
to

th e

re la te

not
in

each

fo r

and fo r

m o st

in d u stria l
fo r

F o r

a re

of

w o rk

b a se d

th e

th e

p lan t

stra ig h t-tim e

p e rce n ta g e s

in clu d e

an d

sa la r ie s

o v e rtim e .

o v e rtim e

The

and

w o rk e rs

w eek ly

in a v e r a g e

fo r

sh ifts.

p atio n s

to

w o rk er

h o u rly

on

n u rse s,
n o rm al

fo r

n u m e ric a lly

w age

g ro u p s,

e a rn in g s,

w eek en d s,

on d ata

th e

w orkw eek,
th ey

ex clu d in g

h o lid ay s,

se le cte d

im p o rta n t

key

and
o c c u ­

jo b s

w ith in

grou p.

a re

in te n d e d
th e

L im ita tio n s

a re a .

grou p.

w ere

y e a r

by

T h ese

le ss

100

on
The

w ere

a g g re g a te

percen t,

by

in th e

an

o c c u p a tio n a l

p ro p o rtio n ate

its

co n stan t

p o ssib le .

m u ltip lie d

y e a rs
th e

o c c u p a tio n s

b a se d

em p lo y m en t

w eigh ts

a v e ra g e

th e

re late d

sh o w s

by

th e

th e

re fle c t

(m ean )

o c c u p a tio n a l

gro u p w ere
fo r

w ith in

of

d iv id in g

The

th e

y e a r.

p e rce n tage

y ear

e a rn in g s

w eigh t,

to taled .

e a rlie r

b a se
and

w age

D ata

The

v id u al

th e

w ages

fo r

tio n s

y e a r 's

re la tiv e

fo llo w in g

by

th e

o cc u p a tio n s

p re v io u s
w ere

y e a r 's

u sed

in

in d ex .

c o m p u tin g

A v erag e
th e w a g e

of

and

(2)

m e rit

w h ile

in

ch an ges

to

in

e x p an sio n s,

w o rk e rs
in

th e

th at

even

en tered

ea rn in g s
tren d s:

w ag es
th e

m ay

have

a re
o r

a ll

m a y

a re a

oth er

th e

lab o r

fo rc e

by

w ith o u t

actu al

e sta b lish m e n ts

o r

re m a in e d

The
ch an ges

clu d ed
in

in

th e

a v e ra g e

ch an ges

u se

in

expan ded

th e ir

in

d ata.

pay

5

fo r

o v e rtim e .

th e

in d e x e s

by

ch an ges

The

W here

and
in

an

w o rk

sco p e

of

gav e

fo rc e s.

of

w eigh ts

w o rk e rs

ch an ge

h o u rs.
d ata
ch ange
su rv ey .

T hey

a s

su ch ,

w ere
any

in

in c re a se s,

a d ju ste d

a re a

e sta b lish m e n ts

in

re fle c t
o r

w ages

fo r an

e lim in a te s

a re

th e

c o n c e iv a b le

S im ila rly ,

a v e ra g e s

re p re se n te d

of

le v els.

e sta b lish m e n ts

h ig h e r-p a y in g

sc h ed u les,

th e

is

w age

b e ca u se

of

th e

tu rn ­

p ro p o r­

d e c re a se s

lo w e r-p a y in g

in d i­

la b o r

in th e

It

of
and

a v e ra g e

d iffe ren t p ay
o r

ch an ges.
a re a

by

in

fro m

ch an ges

w ith

sa la ry

re c e iv e d

yet

n e c e ssa ry ,

p e rce n ta g e s

th e

in

p e rce n ta g e s

w o rk

and

m e a su r e s

ch an ges

co n stan t,

stra ig h t-tim e

stan d ard

fo r

w age

co n stan t em p lo y m en t
p ro p o rtio n

pay

(3)

in c re a se s

d e c lin ed b e c a u s e

re la tiv e ly

of

th e

c a u se

in

a s

g e n e ral

re su ltin g

e sta b lish m e n ts

can

(1)

and

re d u c tio n s,

m a y h ave
rise n
c o n sid e rab ly
e n te r e d th e a r e a .

of

in c re a se s
jo b ,

fo rce

ch an ge,

by:

sa m e

fo rce

h ave

of

in flu e n ce d

th e

em p lo y ed
la b o r

th o u gh

a v e ra g e

p e rce n tag e s

a v e ra g e s,

o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, material handling




due
fo rce

C h an ges

in d ex

in d ex es

a re a

w o rk e rs

o v er,

re su lta n t

. The

in

ch an ges,

fo r

a g g re g a te s

a g g re g a te

ch an ge.

The
ch ange

i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) b y th e r e la t iv e
fo r th e n e x t
su c c e e d in g y e a r an d
c o n tin u in g to
m u ltip ly
(co m p ou n d )
f o r th e

of

c le ric a l

re g u la r

ch an ges

e stim a te s

e sta b lish m e n ts

e x clu siv e

to

m e a su r e

p e rio d

a re

o ffic e

re la te

of

in c re a se

th ey

in d ex es

p ercen t

fro m

b a se

F o r
tren d s

co n d u cted

a

su rv ey

T h ese

a re a ;

th e

ch ange
n u rse s,

The

a s

100
o r

d a te s.
th e

of

an d in d u stria l

f r o m , th e

of

fo r

key

w eigh t

a ll o c c u p a tio n s

co n se cu tiv e

re la tiv e ,

of

in d ic a te d

ch an ges

p e rce n ta g e s

S u b trac tin g

w ages

a v e ra g e s

w h erev er

o c c u p a tio n

fo r

(d ate

p e rce n ta g e s
th e

in

tim e,

1961).
in

and

w o rk e rs

p lan t w o rk e r

giv en

ch ange

pay

o c c u p a tio n a l

prod u cts

a

p e rio d

betw een

em p lo y m en ts
each

at

Ju n e

The

a v e ra g e

in d e x e s

C o m p u tin g

w as

th e

and

ch ange

E a ch
gro u p

b a se

in d e x .

a re

c le ric a l

of se le c te d

w ages

I960

2

o ffice

p ercen tage

th e

m e a su r e s
to

of
th e

Ju ly

of

ta b le

of

e a rn in g s

m e a su r e

w ages

in

sa la r ie s

th e

each
o n ly

effect
jo b

not

in flu e n c e d

by

p rem iu m

to

sig n ific a n t

rem o v e
effect

in ­

ch an ges
by
pay
fro m

cau sed

6

T a b le

2.

in

In dexes

T o led o ,

of S tan d ard

O h io ^ M ic h .,

W eek ly S a la r ie s
F e b ru a ry

1969

and S tra ig h t-T im e

and

F e b ru a ry

1968,

H o u rly

E a rn in g s

and P e rc e n ts

fo r S elected

of C h a n g e 1 fo r

In dexes
(M arch
In d u stry

and

P e rc e n ts

1961 = 100)
F e b ru a ry

o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
F e b ru a ry

F e b ru a r y

1969

1968

1968

F e b ru a ry

to
F e b ru a ry

1967

O ccu p ation al G ro u p s
S elected

of ch ange 1

F e b ru a ry

to
1969

F e b ru a ry

P e rio d s

1966

F e b ru a r y

to
1968

1965

to

F e b ru a r y

1967

F e b ru a ry

1966

A ll in d u str ie s:
O ffic e

c le ric a l

1 3 2 .9
1 4 4 .3

1 2 5 .3

a n d w o m e n ) __

1 3 3 .6

6.1
8 .0

( m e n ) ________________

1 3 7 .5

1 2 6 .4

( m e n ) _______________________

1 3 4 .8

(m en

In d u stria l n u r se s
S k ille d

m a in te n an c e

U n sk ille d p lan t

a n d w o m e n ) _____

(m en

6.1

6 .3
6 .5

5 .5

8 .7

6 .9
7 .8

4 .2

3 .9

1 2 4 .8

8 .0

5 .5

5 .8

4 .6

6.1
8 .0

5 .9

6 .9

3 .0

6 .9

7 .0

5 .0

8 .2
6 .6

4 .1

4 .0

5 .8

3 .1

3 .3

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e

c le ric a l

S k ille d

1 2 5 .1

1 4 2 .1

1 3 1 .6

( m e n ) ________________

1 3 7 .8

1 2 5 .9
1 2 6 .5

a n d w o m e n ) _____

(m en

m a in te n an c e

U n sk ille d

1 3 2 .8

and w o m e n )„

(m en

In d u stria l n u r se s

p l a n t ( m e n ) _____________________

1 3 5 .5

9 .5
7 .1

F e b ru a ry
to
F e b ru a ry

1964

F e b ru a r y

1965

to
F e b ru a r y

1963

M arch

1964

to
F e b ru a ry

1962

M arch

1961

to
1963

M arch

1962

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e

c le ric a l

(m en

In d u stria l n u r se s
S k ille d

m a in te n an c e

U n sk ille d

p lan t

1 .4

1.8
1 .4

1 .9
4 .5

2 .3

2 .8
1.2

2 .3

2 .3

2 .3

2 —. 3

2 .2

2 .7

2 .2
2 .0
2 .0

a n d w o m e n ) ______

(m en

a n d w o m e n ) ___

( m e n ) _________________
—

( m e n ) ________________________ —

2 .0

M an u factu rin g:
1 .4

U n sk ille d

p lan t

( m e n ) ___

A ll c h a n g e s
T h is




a re

d e c re a se

__________________

in c re a se s
la rg e ly

u n le ss

re fle c ts

o th erw ise
ch an ges

4 .4

2 .4

2 .0

1 .9

.4

—

1.6

.5

1.1

c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )..
—
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___ _________ __ ____ ____ ____ _ ________ __ ___ __ __________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en )
_
_

2 .2

2 .3

O ffic e

2 .4

3 .5

2 .2

in d ic a te d .
in

em p lo y m en t

betw een

h ig h -

and

lo w -w ag e

e sta b lish m e n ts

rath er

th an

w age

d e c re a se s.

7

A. Occupational E arnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv is io n , T o le d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b r u a r y 1969)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Middle range 2

and
u n d er
60

i

t

$
75

80

85

90

s
95

S
100

t

t
105

115

WO

$
120

t
125

s
130

t
140

$
150

$
160

i
170

1

Median 2

65

65

70

180
and

\J\

55

$

s
60

J
o

$

4*

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

*g

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
standard) Mean2

80

85

90

95

100

106

110

120

115

125

130

140

150

160

170

11
10

19
15

25
24

180 o v e r

18
17

MEN
99
89

$
$
$
$
40.0 149.00 152.00 137.50-162.50
40.0 149.00 153.00 13 7.00-162.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

34
31

39.5 112.50 107.50
40.0 109.50 105.00

97.50- 12 5. 50
96.50- 12 0. 00

“

-

_

_

-

_

1
1

5
5

6
6

4
4

3
3

3
3

2

2
2

2
2

1
~

3
1

2
2

-

“

~

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

52
44

40.0 136.50 130.00 12 3.50-160.00
40.0 131.00 128.00 12 2.00-139.50

-

*

_
-

-

-

-

_

I
1

_

i
i

2
2

2
2

3
3

6
6

12
12

7
7

5
5

-

8
“

5
5

-

30

J *

71
41
30

39.0
39.5
39.0

87.00
83.00
92.00

86.00
86.00
86.00

72 .5 0- 94.00
72.50- 92.00
72.50- 11 8. 00

-

-

“

-

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I ------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------

41
26

40.0
98.50
40.0 101.00

92.50
92.50

84 .5 0- 11 7. 00
84.50- 11 9. 00

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN F OPERATORS,
c l a s s a --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------— -------------

56
35

40.5 110.50 111.50
96.50- 12 0. 00
40.0 113.00 115.50 10 0.00-119.50

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS 9 --------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------

155
56
99

39.5
40.0
39.0

78.00- 10 4. 50
82 .0 0-115.00
76.00- 10 2. 50

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------

178
109
69

40.0 121.50 116.50 10 6. 00-141.00
40.0 126.00 122.50 10 7.00-146.00
40.0 114.50 112.50 10 5.00-122.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

327
165
162

39.5 95.50
92.00
40.0 103.00 102.50
39.5
88.00
87.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

87
70

LLLKf\j f rATKULL
OFFICE BOYS --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------

£

1 /A cn i a k nn
13 5.50-149.00
I ->•
*

15
14

1
1
1

8
5
3

18
11
7

4
1
3

3
2
1

11
9
2

11
10
1

i
i

_
“

3
2
1

-

“

“

1
1

3
2

7
4

7
6

6
1

-

3
“

1

-

-

”

-

~

7
2

-

4
~

10
7

6
3

-

3
3

2
2

22
6
16

19
19

27
19
8

11
11

14
5
9

2
2

18
3
15

_
“

_
-

2
2

_
-

-

2
2
-

_
“

5
2
3

16
16

83 .0 0-109.00
86.50-120.50
81.50- 96.50

_
-

_
-

9
9

33
8
25

15
8
7

43
11
32

55
16
39

22
9
13

78 .0 0- 93.50
78 .0 0- 92.00

-

-

1
1

12
9

14
14

15
11

19
17

7
3

-

-

-

6
1
5

5
5

9
8

“

2
2

-

“

"

WOMEN

39.5
39.0

91.50
98.00
87.50

89.00
88.00

87.50
93.50
86.00

85.50
85.00

127
99

40.0
40.0

97.50
90.00

79.50- 12 1. 50
81 .0 0- 12 1. 50

_
■

2
-

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

185
130
55

40.0 102.50
99.50
39.5 105.50 107.00
94.00
40.0 95.50

86.0 0- 11 4. 00
87.5 0- 12 0. 00
84 .5 0- 10 2. 50

-

2
-

CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

74
41

40.0
94.00
9 0.00
39.5 105.00 100.00

78 .5 0- 10 3. 00
90 .5 0- 12 4. 00

-

-




1
1

4

~
“
~

~

11
11

7
2
5

13
6
7

3
3
~

6
2
4

7
7
“

~

1
1
~

—
~

14
2
12

28
15
13

17
7
10

20
10
10

9
2
7

6
4
2

14
12
2

27
21
6

7
6
1

8
8
~

2
1
l

i
i

38
17
21

21
11
10

12
11
1

20
11
9

12
12

18
18

8
8
~

15
10
5

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

_

5
5

6
4

2
2

2
2

3
2

1

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

6
~

-

~

-

9

6
6

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

~

~
“
~

~
~

”

28

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .

8
6

~

'

6 8 . 0 0 — 75.00
99.50
99.00

-

5
5

'
C L E R K S » FILE, CLASS C
NONHANUp AC TURING — — — — — — —— — — —— —

2
2

14
14

18
8

15
15

13
13

1
1

2
2

22
12

1
1

-

2
2

22
22

-

2
2

3
3

8
7
1

7
2
5

24
17

15
8

16
8

20
12

9
i

7

8

8

8

21
21
“

1
1

7

19
18
1

7
6
i

7
6
i

11
5
6

“

4

8

10
4

5
1

11
5

9

6
4

5
4

-

1
1

4
4

2
2

i
i

6
6

2
2

-

2

7

'

9

-

■

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T o le d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b r u a r y 1969)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of —
i

i

%

i

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

55
and
u n d er

60

60

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

f5
t

65

70

~

~

-

70

$

t

*

75

80

85

t

90

$

i

95

100

$

105

110

115

120

125

$

%

13C

IA0

150

160

170

180
* and

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

1 AO

150

160

A
3

6
A

13
9

5
A

13
7

f
t
f
t

10
10

A

-

-

i

A
A

-

18

13
13

2

-

6
A

20

1

2

-

-

-

29
25

10
9
i

17
9
8

18
6
12

7
A
3

19
9
10

-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1
-

_
-

A

“

-

1
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

170

180

WOMEN - C O NT IN UE D
KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MA NUFACTURING ----------------------------------

107
86

$
$
$
$
39.5 112.50 115.00
99 .0 0- 12 4. 00
39.5 114.50 118.00 10 1.00-125.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

263
137
126

40.0
40.0
AO. 0

98.00
99.00
96.00

9 A. 00
98.50
92.00

86.00-109.00
87.00-108.00
86 .0 0- 11 1. 50

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

53
37

39.5
39.5

79.50
77.50

74.00
73.00

70.00- 88.00
70.00- 86.00

-

S E C R E T A R I E S 3-------------------------------------------MA NU FACTURING ----------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------- -------

859
630
229
41

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

128.00
133.00
113.00
131.00

127.50 109.00-145.50
130.00 11 5.50-149.50
109.00 93 .0 0- 13 4. 50
145-00 107.50 -1 54 .0 0

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

119
96

39.5 144.00 146.00 12 0. 00-166.00
39.5 148.00 151.00 120.50-168.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

205
132
73

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

-

-

1

~
-

1

8
3
5

13
1
12

34
24
10

40
16
24

45
16
29

20

1

-

14
10

16
16

2
1

-

15

1

-

2

1

~

6

”

~

?

i

-

30

8
2

3A
u
23

27
8
19
1

61

6

55
35
20

*

13
7

1

1

~

~

~

5

1
1

1
I

10
-

25
2

A

-

_
-

-

-

■

-

_

A

2
2

ft
5

39.5 128.50 129.50 11 4.00-143.50
AO.O 134.50 132.50 119.50-148.50
38.5 118.50 117.00 102.00-139.00

~

-

-

-

A
-

A
-

4

4

5
2
3

A
A

9

“

i
i

2 76
205
71

39.5 133.00 134.50 116.00-1A8.50
AO.O 138.50 138.50 125.50-152.00
99 .0 0- 13 6. 00
39.5 117.50 117.50

~
“

_
~

A
A

2

2

11

*

~
~

2

2

5
6

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NC ------------------

251
189
62

39.5 113.00 1 1 1 . 0 0 100.00-126.00
40.0 118.50 119.00 10 5.00-128.00
96.00
93.00
83 .0 0-101.50
38.5

-

1
1

1

-

2
2

24

5

5

2

19

3

ST EN OGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

551
420
131
37

89 .5 0-118.50
39.5 103.00 103.00
92.00- 11 9. 00
40.0 104.00 104.50
94.00
83 .0 0-116.00
39.5 99.00
AO.O 120.00 119.50 109.50 -1 32 .0 0

~

5
5

5
5

15

29
12
17
~

61

50
u

53
3A
19

3

-

“

STENOGRAPHERS, S E NI OR --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

395
345
50

39.5 1 2 0 . 0 0 120.50 10 5.00-133.50
AO.O 121.00 121.50 106.00-132.50
39.0 114.00 117.00 92 .0 0- 13 6. 50

-

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

59
46

98.00- 12 3. 50
AO.O 110.00 111.50
40.0 113.50 113.00 10 0.00-126.00

-

S W IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

76

39.0
39.0

92.50
84.00

91.00
85.50

74.50- 11 0. 00
72 .0 0- 93.00

5
5

_

55

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

181
90
91

39.5
40.0
39.5

92.50
92.50
92.50

94.50
94.00
95.50

80.50-105.50
75 .0 0- 10 4. 50
81 .5 0-106.50

-

-

TRANSCRI BING -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------- ------------------------------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N C , -----------------------------

102

39.0
39.0

81.00
80.50

75.00
75.00

71 .5 0- 90.00
71 .5 0- 90.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

249
213
36

39.5 107.00 106.00
39.5 107.00 109.50
99.00
40.0 105.00

9 4 . 0 0- 11 7. 00
93 .0 0- 11 5. 00
96.50- 12 3. 50

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




88

-

-

1
28
16
12
~

5

10
-

1A
A
10

Aft
15
1

“
-

-

-

55

-

-

125
85
AO
5

92
76
16
5

73
65
8
8

62
53
9
8

16
16

20
20

1

80
67
13
1

-

-

A
2

6
f
t

12
A

17
12

5
5

27
25

8
8

10
10

9

21
17
4

36
25
11

24
17
7

22
20
2

12
7

3
3
-

2
2
-

56
53

2

12
3
9

15
14
1

22
13

9

7

9

-

-

5

12
9

15
13
2

11
7
A

30
22
8

54
39
15

AA
40
A

28
22
f
t

20
20

5
5

8
8

3

1t
f
ft
10

9
9

5

26
2ft

13
11
2

15
13
2

3A

23
22
1

20

1A

7
7

-

13
13
"

3
3

6

-

_
-

_
-

27
25

72

70
70
-

14

1

9
5
3

27
13
1A
14

-

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

20
18
2

62
60
2

67
50
17

43
43

A
A

2

2

i
i

-

7

6
6

A
A

_
“

2
2

“

_
~

-

2
2

2
“

1

-

-

_

"

3
3

_
-

1t
f

34

6

30

10

A
53

3

6

*

56
16
10

12
10
2

19
19
~

51
Art
3

23
23

25
19

AA

“

6

6

7
A

3
3

7
7

5
5

3

2

5
1

50
3

A5
29
16

~
3

3

“

“

2
”

2
“

2
2

5
3

7
7

4

12
12

A
A

2
2

9

ii
11

A

2

~

~

5
A

14
6
8

26
17

2
1
1

25

8

17

5
3

7

5

30
14
16

13

7

9

6
ii

14
14

37
32

12
12

3
3

11

7
3

ft
ft

6

-

1
~

14
12

8
8

21

23

A2

2

20
i

23

1

23
19

6

"

7
7

5

Aft
AO
6
i

17
12

-

10
10

9
3
6

18

-

1
-

A
i

8

-

1

“

A

53
48

-

-

40
15
2

“
~

-

10

i
i

2

5C

3

33

1

3
5

8
6

14
2

A
A

-

2

12

-

3
3

1
1

2
2

-

~

14

8

10

P

53
53

8

14

6

6

2

A

-

~

-

-

ft

5

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

“

16
9
7

19
19

11
11

9
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O hio— ich . , F e b r u a r y 1969)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f—
(

Mean2

Median 2

55
and
u n d er

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

115

120

125

130

<
140

(
150

!
160

(
170

180

60

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number Average
weekly
of
hours1
woikers ( standard)

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

over

$
9 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 -

21
6
15
1

16
4
12
2

59
28
31
3

53
25
28

42
9
33
-

41
11
30
16

13
1
12
6

21
21
-

17
12
5
3

24
7
17
12

3
3

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

-

Middle range 2

(

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
TYPISTS, CLASS B — --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G —----------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

319
135
184
44

8 4 . 00
8 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

$
7 3 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 8 6 .5 0 -

$
6 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

-

-

-

v

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w eek f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
th an the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a t e show n.
T h e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f the. w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an
th e h ig h e r r a t e .
* M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O hio— ich . , F e b r u a r y 1969)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o
$
85

weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

U nder
t
and
u n d er
85

90

MEN

$

$

$

156
151

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 8 .0 0
1 9 9 .0 0

1 8 1 .0 0
1 8 2 .0 0

264
207

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 3 7 .5 0 - 1 5 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0 - 1 5 9 .5 0

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ---------

156
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

-

”

DRAF TS ME N— T R A C E R S --------------------

33

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

2

78
74

A0* 0
4 0 .0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

_

%

$

S
100

105

110

s

$

115

120

%

t

$
125

130

135

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

140

1 7 0 .5 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0 -2 3 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NUFACTURING --------- ------------

95

$

$
150

160

$
170

t

$

t
180

190

200

t
210

220

150

_1 6fi_

170

iao

190

200

210

??°

over

1

$

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! --MANUFACTURING ---------------------

*

140

and

9 0 ____ 9 5

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

t

$

*

1
1
-

*

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

“

~

12
10

24
22

40
40

Id
18

6
6

-

6
6

3 48
48

2
2

3
3

15
11

23
21

43
25

63
35

60
60

11
11

7
7

21
16

9
9

A
A

3
3

_

16
8

3
3

9

10

11

1
1

7

_

_

_

7

1
1

_

9

6
6

7

-

-

-

-

15
14

6
6

7
7

3
1

10
10

25
25

6
5

“

6
2

12
2

16
8

ii
9

9

38
28

A

-

-

11

1

14

.

_

_

_

-

1

_

9

_

5
5

e

1

l

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
2 W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s:
22 a t $ 2 3 0 to $ 2 4 0 ; 1 a t $ 2 4 0 to $ 2 5 0 ; and 25 a t $ 2 5 0 to $ 2 6 0 .




1 0

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., F e b r u a r y 1969)
M
Average
O ccu p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of

Weekly Weekly
hours * earnings 1
(standard] (standard)

OF FI CE O C C U PA TI ON S
BILLERSt MACHINE

Average
O c cu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
worken

OF FI CE O C C U PA TI ON S - CONT IN UE D

(BILLING
*i
26
56
35

An n
/n n
40*0

$
40.0
98.50
40.0 101.00
78

40.5 110.50
40.0 113.00

99
manufacturing

manufacturing

---------------------

277
198
79

---------------------

361
196
165

39.5

91.50

39.0

87.50

40.0 131.00
40.0 136.00
39.5 118.50
39.5 97.00
40.0 104.00
39.5
89.00
39.5
39.0

89.00
88.00

8j

I d IiSAiiUrAL 1UK 1fib
'J’

87
70

39.0

72.50

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

630
230
41

!?!!*!??
96* 50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------

manufacturing

---------------------

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

39 5 129 (
40.0 134.50
30.5 119.00

276

39.5

92.50

39.5

92.50

39.0 124.50
39.0 ItO.OO

102
88

39.5 144.00
39.5 148.00

-*06
132
74

181

40
36

113*50
131.00

99 n

91

1 To nn
I

119
96

$
rr

80.50
39.5
39.5
inn'nn
40.0 100.00
40 0
39.0
39.5

Number
of
woikers

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

$

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

B O O K K E E P IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
155

Average

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

39.5 133.00

251
^36

39*0

*

o i nn
80*50

39.5 107.00
4o"*"o

105*00

13*"
184

An*n
39*0

151

40.0 199.00

1 59
1 Ofi

, 0 o 123 00
40.0 127.50

07*^0
81.50

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
179
143
C L l R K S f PA YttOLL

40.0 110.00
40.0 109.00

217
160
57

40.0

189
552

"jin
39 5 103.00

40.0 108.00
40.0

96.50

74
#1

40.0 94.00
39.5 105.00

n
86

1«
-*
J .7" -»0
39.5 11 4 . ??

UK A r 1jnLfif l/LAo j U
395

39.5
3 *
'0 0
40*0

44

114.00
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) ---

'0 0 i no nn

80

40.0 141.50

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations--- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , T o le d o , O h io— ic h ,, F e b r u a r y 1969)
M
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings 1
$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

t
3 .0 0

s
3 .1 0

3 .2 0

i
s
3 . 30 3 .4 0

S
3 .5 0

i
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

%
3 .8 0

2 .7 0

O c cu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 . 40 3 . 5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 . 9 0 4 .0 0 4 . 1 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 3 0 4 .4 0 4 . 6 0

-

-

-

-

t
2 .6 0
Mean2 Median 2

$
4.26
4.32

$
$
3.58- 4.40
3.97- 4.42

ELECTRICIANS, MAIN TE NA NC E ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PURLIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------

533
459
74
49

4.30
4.30
4.30
4.73

4.31
4.29
4.34
4.39

4.074.083.684. 34 -

4.58
4.58
5.22
5.25

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

ENGINEERS, S T A T I O N A R Y -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

97
91

4.09
4. 14

4.22
4.23

3.90- 4.56
3.93- 4.58

_

_

-

*

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -----MA NUFACTURING ------------------

106
90

3.59
3.58

3.51
3.47

2.98- 4.27
2.95- 4.52

12
10

_

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRAOES ----MA NUFACTURING -----------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------

151
106
45

3.46
3.71
2.87

3.75
3.82
2.85

2. 95 - 3.84
3.73- 3.86
2.74- 3.05

_
-

12
4
8

9

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ------------------

270
270

4.44
4.44

4.62
4.62

4.45- 4.69
4.45- 4.69

_

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

283
272

4.31
4.32

4.34
4.34

4. 02 - 4.71
4.02- 4.71

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------

315
106
209
189

3.87
3.91
3.85
3.90

3.95
3.85
4.01
4.02

3.653.743.553.64-

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

592
552

3.97
4.00

4.12
4.13

3.50- 4.32
3.57- 4.33

MI LL WR IG HT S -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

384
384

4.35
4.35

4.43
4.43

4.15- 4.53
4.15- 4.53

OILERS -----------------------------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

89
89

3.45
3.45

3.56
3.56

3.25- 3.65
3.25- 3.65

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

70
35
35

3.72
4. 18
3.27

3.82
4.29
3.21

PIPEFITTERS, MA INTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ------------------

213
209

4. 15
4.15

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------

49
47

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

753
753

4.08
4.34
4.07
4.07

_

_

“

_

I
l

4

17
17

4

-

_

_

-

-

15
15

12
4

-

1
1

6
6

_

_

_

8

-

3
2
1

_

_

-

12

11
6
5

1
1

_

_

_

_

8

2
-

_
~
-

_

_
-

-

-

-

”

_

“

-

-

-

3.20- 4.36
3.92- 4.53
3.08- 3.63

_

3

-

-

-

4.28
4.28

3.85- 4.51
3.86- 4.51

_

-

4.40
4.43

4.56
4.57

4.35- 4.67
4. 43 - 4.67

4.60
4.60

4.73
4.73

4. 33 - 4.87
4.33- 4.87

h o lid a y s ,

-

-

6
6

*

_

_

3

i
i
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

61
53

-

4
-

4
4
17
12

-

-

“

37
37

6
6

5
5

6
5

_

25
25

49
49

1
1
-

”
8

8

8
8

4
4

10
10

8

6

8

8

6
-

_

-

-

2
2

-

4
4

8
8

_

6
-

_

14
14

10
10

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

26
26

-

-

~

-

-

62
62
_

8
3

2
2

4
4

26
26

45
45

~

6

16
2
14
6

21
1
20
20

17
15

6
6

32
31
1
~

32
16
16
16

25
10
15
12

86
1
85
85

39
39

24
16

22
14

8
“

26
26

2
2

59
59

-

-

18
18

-

_

9

_

_

13
13

-

67
67

143
143

10
10

-

20
20

32
32

6
1

110
110

6
6

”

12

_

_

-

-

8
8

8
8

-

-

_

-

-

9
9

12
12

21
17
4
4

_

156
156

ii
ii

57
57

4
4

57
56

39
39

2

25
25

16
16

75
75

13
13

_

159
159

75
75

_

_

5
5

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

7
3
4

9
9
-

_

_

11
11

5
5

_

-

2
1
1

_

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

4

i

17
17

-

12
12

-

4

-

22
1
321
21

-

-

-

27
27

20
20

_

i

64
63
1
-

4
4

_

_

108
108

3
3

-

32
32

50
24
26
26

15
15

_

15
15

97
97

3
-

-

5
5

2
-

-

-

3
3

4
3

-

”

-

12
12

~

-

17

18
17

-

*
5
4

4
4

-

-

15
15

8

5
5

-

5 .0 0 over

15
13
2
-

3
3

2
-

4
4

10
6
4
“

-

13
7
6
-

8

12

5
5

23
22
1
1

~

9
-

-

6
5
1
1

-

2
2

-

8

_

9
9

“

5
i
4

6
6

8
8

_

6
i

-

6
6

_

6
i

6
6

6
6

-

*

3

~

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s,
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
A ll w o r k e r s w e re a t $ 5.2 0 to $ 5 .40.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .

6
2

o
G
O

$
4.04
4.18

_

s
5 .0 0
and

76
57




t
s
4 .6 0 4 .8 0

Middle range 2 i
and
2 . 6 0 u n d er

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

1
2
3
4

$
%
$
*
*
$
3 . 9 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 10 4 . 2 0 4 .3 0 4 . 4 0

-

and la te sh ifts .

-

3
-

_

42
42

15
15

_

18
18

43
43

17
17

42
41

-

-

4
4

_

-

-

-

2

i
i

1
1

5
5

-

-

_

18
18

19
19

_

-

1
1

' 5
5

_

12
12
2
2

12
12

9
9

17
17

7
7

109
109

62
62

1 16
116

128
128

207
207

20
20

_

73
73

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , T o le d o , O h icr-M ich ., F e b r u a r y 1969)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly eamings2

GUARDS:
MA NU FACTURING -----------------WATCHMEN:
MA NU FACTURING ------------------

$
1 .8 0

$
$
1 .9 0 2 . 0 0

2 .1 0

S
2 .2 0

s
$
2 . 30 2 . 4 0

$
2 m50 2 . 6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 C

$
3
3 .0 0 3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

s
3 .3 0

S
3 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

S
3 . 8Q 4 . 0 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

? . 60 2 . 7 0

2 .- ’ 0 2 . 9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

3

18

3

$
1 .5 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

and
u n d er

and

607
305
302

$
2 .5 0
3 . 10
1 .9 0

$
2 .4 5
3 . 19
1 .8 0

$
1 .7 9 2 .8 3 1 .6 R -

$
3 .2 0
3 .2 9
1 .9 6

89
89

60
2
58

46
46

51
~
51

13
10
3

18

2
2

17
14
3

11
11
“

16
16

3

230

3 .2 3

3 .2 5

3 .1 4 -

3 .4 4

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

l

9

o
o

GUARDS AND W A TC HM EN MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -

$
$
1 .6 0 1 .7 0

1 .6 0

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
woriters

over

?
~

9
9
~

49
38
11

9
3
6

3

57
48
9

81
81
“

10
10
”

11
11
~

26
26
~

24
24
“

”

~

*

9

3

-

38

80

10

11

26

24

-

2 .6 9

2 .8 1

2 .4 3 -

2 .8 8

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

14

10

7

2

-

29

-

-

10

1

-

-

-

-

-

1 ,6 0 7
1 ,1 0 2
505
45

2 .7 5
2 .9 8
2 .2 4
2 .8 0

2 .8 6
3 .0 8
2 .2 1
2 .9 3

2 .3 3 2 .6 9 1 .9 8 2 .8 2 -

3 .1 7
3 .3 1
2 .5 1
3 .0 0

14
~
14
~

47
47
2

28
28
~

11
~
11

40
8
32
~

56
56
~

78
21
57
2

76
3
73
~

155
104
51
2

55
47
8
~

47
30
17
3

89
69
20
”

47
37
1C
1

96
58
38
9

50
31
19
16

185
176
9
9

179
178
1
1

39
33
6
"

29 3
293
“

10
2
8
“

12
12
-

_
-

_
-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

436
147
289

2 .1 2
2 .5 2
1 .9 1

1 .9 5
2 .3 8
1 .9 2

1 .8 6 2 .2 7 1 .8 4 -

2 .3 2
3 .1 2
1 .9 8

16
~
16

2
2

25
~
25

104
31
73

134
134

29
29

3
2
i

5
3
2

50
47

7
7
“

_
"

_
~
-

3
3
-

2
2

5
4
i

9
6
3

36
36
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

LABORERS, MA TERIAL HA ND L I N G ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------

1 ,5 2 1
959
562
367

3 .1 3
2 .9 9
3 .3 8
3 .7 5

3 .1 9
3 .0 0
3 .7 4
3 .8 2

2
2
3
3

-

3 .5 0
3 .2 5
3 .8 4
3 .8 6

_
-

20
20
-

19
~
19

15
10
5
-

7
7
-

21
16
5
-

i
i
-

3
3
~

24
23
l
-

18
16
2
2

10
8
2
“

66
61
5
-

134
95
39
1

129
129
-

120
117
3
2

125
no
15
14

57
56
i

179
174
5
-

141
35
106
28

106
104
2

100
5
95
94

226
226
226

_
*

ORDER
FILLERS --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

578
193

3 . 13
3 . 14

3 .2 5
3 .1 9

2 .9 8 2 .9 4 -

3 .3 3
3 .4 2

-

_

-

11
l

-

i
i

i
1

5
5

12

-

5
5

9
-

26
5

10
-

77
75

_
-

4
4

244
-

100
36

71
58

2
2

_

_

-

-

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

476
407

3 .2 5
3 .2 4

3 .3 5
3 .3 1

2 .9 3 2 .8 9 -

3 .5 3
3 .5 4

_

-

-

-

3
8

-

-

-

R1
81

3
3

10
10

59
44

i
i

_
-

51
51

47
47

200
148

_

_

14
14

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG (WOMEN) ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

117
1 14

2 .8 7
2 .9 0

3 . 13
3 .1 3

2 .3 7 2 .3 7 -

3 .1 9
3 .1 9

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

20
20

-

-

46
46

_

-

4
4

-

-

40
40

-

-

R E CE IV IN G CLERKS -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

97
64
33

2 .9 6
3 .1 2
2 .6 5

2 .9 8
3 .1 8
2 .5 8

2 .5 6 2 .8 3 2 .2 3 -

3 .3 3
3 .4 0
2 .9 8

5
~
5

_
-

_
-

16
10
6

_
-

3
2
l

6
5
1

12
6
7

_
-

9
9
-

10
10
-

9
5
4

6
4
2

5
5
-

3
3

3
3
~

SH IPPING CL ER KS ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------

71
66

3 .4 8
3 .5 1

3 .5 5
3 .6 2

3 .0 9 3 .2 4 -

3 .7 5
3 .7 6

2
2

_

1
i

4
4

6
6

5
-

_

-

-

10
10

~

9
9

24
24

3
3

7
7

SHIPPING AND RECE IV IN G CL E R K S MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

197
159
38

3 .3 8
3 .4 5
3 .0 8

3 .2 7
3 .2 9
3 .0 5

3 .1 5 3 .2 1 2 .7 7 -

3 .3 9
3 .3 9
3 .2 5

8
4
4

_
-

8
*

_
-

5
5

16
11
5

25
18
7

54
54
-

38
38
-

5
5

5
5
-

_
-

33
5 2q
4

T R U C K D R I V E R S 6 ---------------------MA NU FACTURING -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------

1 ,4 6 0
512
948
766

3 .6 1
3 .4 7
3 .6 8
3 .7 5

3 .6 8
3 .6 1
3 .8 1
3 .8 3

3 .4
3 .3
3 .6
3 .6

-

3 .8 5
3 .7 0
3 .8 7
3 .8 9

6
5
i
i

7
'3
4
*

8
8
“

33
27
6
i

20
7
13
3

58
51
7
i

25
24
i
i

169
73
96
61

102
43
59
16

460
243
217
168

554
24
530
514

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------

52
26
26

2 .9 1
2 .8 1
3 .0 0

3 .0 0
2 .9 3
3 .0 9

2 .6 7 2 .6 6 2 .8 5 -

3 .3 2
3 .0 3
3 .3 8

6
5
1

l
1

i
i

10
9
1

8
1
7

i
1

2
2

8
8

5
1
4

228
87
141

3 .4 0
3 .5 1
3 .3 3

3 .4 0
3 .6 3
3 .3 7

3 .3 3 3 .3 9 3 .3 3 -

3 .6 2
3 .6 7
3 .4 4

17
12
5

-

85
5
80

49
10
39

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS •
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S4 ------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




75

.8
.8
.3
.7

3
1
1
5

3
0
2
6

_

_

2

_

_
-

1
"

-

_

-

2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

3
1
2

*

-

“
5
5

-

_

_

-

~

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

i

4

-

-

-

-

”

”

~

i
~

4

”

_
“

_

-

5
l
4

_

-

8
3
5
“

_

-

_

_

3
3

_

5
l
4

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

1

:

-

_

-

-

~

:

5
5

_
-

-

2
2

'

-

6
3
3

_

-

-

_

1
1

50
50

4
4

-

~
_
-

14
5
9

-

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , T o le d o , O hio— ic h ., F e b r u a r y 1969)
M
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of —

Hourly earnings2

t

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$

t

$

t

t

$

*

$

$

$

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

t
2 .2 0

*

1 .5 0

Number

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

S
2

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2,1)0

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 . 80

$
4 .0 0

2 90 3 .0 0

3 .1 0

$ .? o

3 ,? Q

$ ,4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

over

-

-

25
21

-

70
62
8

29
29
”

487
14
473
457

-

8

232
22
210
168

80

>
2 .9 0

and
u n der
1 .6 0

and

TR UC KD RI VE RS6 - CONT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER IYPE) --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC UT ILITIES4 ----------- ---

850
155
695
633

$
3 .7 3
3 .4 5
3 .7 9
3 .8 0

$
3 .8 2
3 .3 8
3 .8 4
3 .8 4

3
3
3
3

-

$
3 .8 8
3 .5 9
3 .8 9
3 .8 9

TRUCKDPIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

211
181
30

3 .5 4
3 .6 0
3 . 19

3 .6 6
3 .6 8
3 .4 0

3 .6 0 3 .6 2 2 .7 9 -

3 .7 3
3 .7 4
3 .6 0

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1 ,1 1 1
1 ,0 5 0
61

3 .1 8
3 . 17
3 .2 6

3 .2 3
3 .2 1
3 .4 3

3 .0 0 3 .0 0 2 .8 8 -

3 .3 8
3 .3 7
3 .4 7

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

123
108

3 .2 5
3 .2 5

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

$
.6
.3
.6
.6

4
2
9
9

3 .3 1 3 .3 2 -

7
7
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 .4 0
3 .4 1

10
10

_

5
5

_

4

4

D ata lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o to o te 2, ta b le A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
W o rk e rs w e r e d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s : 15 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; and 14 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and typ e o f tr u c k o p e ra te d .




_

_

-

4

26
26

15
15

50

4

16
16

-

-

8
8

8
8

_

50

_

_

6

"

-

6

73
53
20

87
87

41
41

_

161
154

278
278

142
104
38

78
75

12
12

~

3

~

76
64

27
27

_

_

_

7

218
218

60
60

”

1

_

1

_

8
8

-

“

“
3

_

2
1
1

26
26

~

-

-

_

14

B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , T o le d o , O h io — ic h . , F e b r u a r y 1969)
M
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f--A ll
sc h e d u le s

M a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ____________ _____________________

145

73

XXX

72

XXX

145

73

XXX

72

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m --------------------

58

41

36

17

13

62

43

38

19

13

-

-

1

4

4

5
4
4

5
4
4

3
3
-

3

4
3
5
4

4
3
5
4

$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ______________ ___________________
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ----------------- --------------------------$ 6 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 _________________________________
$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ___________ __________ ___________
$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 _______ _____ ____________________
$ 7 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 _________________________________
$ 7 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ------------------ ----- -------------------$ 7 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _________________________________
$ 8 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 50 ___________________________ _____
$ 8 2 . 50 an d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ____________________________ _____
$ 8 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 _________________________________
$ 8 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 _________________________________
$ 9 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 _________________________________
$ 9 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 _____________ _____________ _____
$ 9 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ___________________
___ ___
$ 9 7 . 50 an d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 100. 00 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 . 5 0 _________ __________ ________
$ 102. 50 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 5 . 0 0 _______________________________
$ 1 0 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 107. 5 0 ___________ ___________________
$ 107. 50 an d u n d e r $ 1 1 0 . 0 0 _______ _ _ __________________
$ 1 1 0 .0 0 an d o v e r
_
_ _ _ _ _ _

1
7
4
5

6
5
5
3

1

2

1

2

2
1
3
-

3

3
3
-

5
3

3
4
i
i
i
4
3

4
3

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m in im u m ______________

29

13

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ______________________________________________

58

19

1

3
5
-

2
-

1

-

2

1

1

2
-

2

3
-

1
7
5
7

8
6
4

1
2

3
4
i
3

6
2
1
1

6
2
1
1
3
-

4
3

3

4
-

3
-

2
2
2
-

1

1

2
-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

1
-

5
3

XXX

16

XXX

42

17

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

39

XXX

41

13

XXX

28

XXX

1

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

1

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im a n s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th at a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .




3

3
4
i
i
i
4
3

-

______________________

1
2
3

1

1
2

1
1

-




T able B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(Late-shift pay provisions for manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of pay differential,
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , February 1969)
(All plant workers in manufacturing = 100 percent)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
L a te -sh ift pay provision

In estab lish m e n ts having p rovision s 1
for late shifts

A ctually working on late sh ifts

Second shift

T o tal____________________________________

Third o r other
shift

Second shift

Third o r other
shift

96. 0

89. 0

2 1 .8

8. 1

_

0. 5

_

No pay d iffe ren tia l fo r work on late s h ift_____

2. 6

P ay d iffe ren tial fo r work on late s h ift________

92. 5

89. 0

2 1 .2

8. 1

Uniform cents (per h o u r)_______________

66. 2

61. 1

16. 0

6. 8

5 c e n ts ______________________________
6 c e n t s ______________________________
7 cents _
_
_
7 V cents - _________________________
2
8 c e n t s ______________________________
9 c e n t s ________________ _____________
10 c e n ts_____________________________
12 cen ts_____________________________
I 2 V2 cen ts___________________________
13 cen ts_____________________________
14 cen ts_____________________________
15 c e n ts___ __________
_____ ______
16 cen ts_____________________________
17 cen ts_________ ___________________
20 cen ts______ _____________ ______
2 9 V cen ts___________________________
3
30 cen ts_____________________________

8. 4
2. 3
2. 2
3. 8
5. 0
10. 2
10. 1
8. 3
1. 5
13. 3
1.0

1.8
.5
.5
1. 1
1. 1
2. 9
2. 3
1.9
.7
3. 1
.1

.2
.4
.2
.3
2. 2
.5

Uniform p e rc e n ta g e ____________________

24. 2
2. 1
20. 6
1. 5

Type and amount of d ifferen tial:

p ercen t
_
5 p e rc e n t___________________________
10 p e r c e n t __________________________
15 p e r c e n t __________________________

4

Other fo rm al pay d ifferen tial

-

-

-

-

2. 1

_
-

1. 1
2 .4
4. 5
-

8. 8
14. 5
1.9
2. 2
6. 1
1.4
8. 1
7 .0
1.0
2 .9

_
-

-

-

.1
1.4
.9
.1
.5

23. 9

4. 7

1.4

_
2. 1
2 0 .6
1.2

.3
3. 8
.6

_
.2
1.2

-

-

4. 0

.6

-

1 Includes all plant workers in establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose form al provisions
cover late shifts even though the establishm ents were not currently operating late shifts.

16

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P ercen t d istribution of plant and office w orkers in all in du stries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly h o u rs1
of fir st-sh ift w ork ers, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , F eb ru ary 1969)
O ffic e w orkers

Plant w orkers
W e e k ly h o u r s

All w o r k e r s ____ ________ ____________________
U n d e r 36 V 3 h o u r s ________________________________
36 V 3 h o u r s ________________________________________
O v e r 361 , a n d u n d e r 371 h o u r s
/
/?
37 V 2 h o u r s ________________________________________
38 V 2 h o u r s ________________________________________
O v e r 3 8 V* a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s
40 h o u r s _______________________________________
O v e r 40 h o u r s __________________________________

All indu stries

100
(5)
(5)
1
1

2

Manufacturing

100
(5)
(5)
1

-

93
5

96

2

Public u tilitie s3

Manufacturing

All in d u strie s 4

Public u tilitie s3

100

100

100

100

_
_
_
-

4

12
2

1
20

1

96

68

_

5

4

_

7

2

4

_

71

99

4

—

1 Scheduled hours a re the weekly hours which a m ajority of the fu ll-tim e w orkers were expected to work, whether they were paid fo r at straigh t-tim e or overtim e r a te s.
Includes data fo r w holesale trade, re ta il trade, re a l estate, and s e rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arately.
Transportation , com munication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown sep arately.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.




17

Table B-4. Paid H olidays
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., February 1969)
Office workers

Plant w orkers
Item

All w o rk ers_____________________________
W orkers in establish m ents providing
paid h o lid ay s______________________________
W orkers in establish m ents providing
no paid h o lid ay s___________________________

All in du stries 1

Manufacturing

Public u tilities2

All in du stries 3

Manufacturing

Public u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

100

100

100

2

"

"

“

"

(4 )

(4)

Number of days
3 h o lid ay s___________________________________

6 h o lid ay s___________________________________
6 holidays plus 1 half day____________________

6 holidays plus 2 half days
6 holidays plus 3 half days .....
7 h o lid ay s___________________________________
7 holidays plus 2 half days
7 holidays plus 3 and 4 half days
8 h o lid ay s_________________________________,_
8 holidays plus 1 half day____________________
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ___________________
8 holidays plus 3 half days . .
9 h o lid ay s___________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 half day.. ...
9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s __________________
10 holidays__________________________________
11 holidays__________________________________

20
1
2
16
4
(4)
15
1
9
1
1
25
2

7
1
16
4
(4)
13
1
14
2
2
35

_
10
18
48
3
21

4

4
40
43
58
58
75
75
92
93
99
100

(4 )

(4 )

-

25
1
2
1
6
2
1
26
2
2
8
_
2
18
5

3
23
7

21
21
24
24
72
72
90
90
100
100

5
24
26
35
37
65
66
74
75
99
100

33
33
46
50
85
86
93
94
99
100

6
1
2
7
2
1
32
3
_
_
13

_

.
8
_
_
8
_
_
55

_
_

2
1

_
6
-

Total holiday tim e 5
11 days
10 days or m ore
9*/? days o r m ore
9 days or m ore
8 1/z days or m o re _ _______________
_
8 days or m ore
7 V days or m o re _____________________
2
7 davs or m o r e ........
6 V2 days or m o re _________________
6 days or m o re _______________________
3 days or m o re ________________________

2
29
30
40
40
59
59
77
78
97
98

7

6
28
29
29
84
84
92
92
100
100

Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
5 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days
and no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated.




18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Toledo, Ohio-Mich., February 1969)
Plant workers
Vacation policy

All workers-

Office workers

All industries 2

...... ...

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
65
34

100
52
48
_

100
96
4
_

99
94
6

99
90
10

99
99
_

(S)

-

-

(5)

(5)

(5)

14
14
2
(5)

19
20
3
(S)

_
5
-

4
58
7
3

1
74
8
3

25

64
18
11
7
(5)
(5)

54
25
10
10
(5)
(! )

90
10
_
*

23
9
65
(5)
3
-

7
15
74
(5)
3
-

31

42
18
31
8
(5)
(5)

44
27
18
11
(*)
(5)

37
1
61
1

4
10
32
1
3

1
15
79
1
3

12
2
85
-

13
25
49
8

18
37
29
11

1
8
83
3
6

(5)
13
75
4
8

99
_

-

*

-

Public utilities 3

All industries *

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations____________________________
Length-crf-time payment.. .. _________ .
Percentage payment_____ ____________ .
...............................................
Othe r
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations_________________________
Amount of vacation pay6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week_____________________________
1 week
............... ....
Over 1 and under 2 weeks_________________
2 weeks---------------------------------------------

-

After 1 year of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks_________________
2 w eeks--------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks_________________
3 weeks__________________________________
4 weeks_____________________ _________

69

-

After 2 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks_________________
2 w eeks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks_________________
3 weeks__________________________________
After 3 years of service
1 w eek__________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks_________________
2 weeks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks________________
3 weeks__________________________________
4 weeks___________________ _________ ..

_

4

5

99
1

(5)

(*)

-

13
21
51
10

17
31
31
14

4

5

_

After 4 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks_________________
2 weeks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks__________
3 weeks__________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks_________________
4 weeks
See footnotes at end of table.




1

(5 )

1

(5)

99

1
-

1
8
83
2
6
(5 )

(S)

I3;
75
4

8

(5 )

_
99

_
_
“

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., February 1969)
Office workers

Plant workers
Vacation policy

All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

Amount of vacation pay 6— Continued
After 5 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks__________________
2 w eeks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
. ... ........
3 w eeks__________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks__________________
4 weeks

6
65
14
8
7
(5)

9
52
19
9
10
(5)

_
99
_
1
_
-

8
77
2
10
3
-

13
66
4
15
3
*

98
_
2
_
-

_
21
18
42
13
4

_
20
28
29
18
5

_
19
81
*

2
12
7
69
2
8

3
10
12
63
4
10

_
13
86
-

_
16
17
49
12
5

_
17
25
36
16
6

_
_
4
96
_
-

2
9
7
69
5
8

3
7
12
66
4
10

3
_
96
_
-

4
1
62
17
14
1

3
2
52
24
17
2

.

5

c

1

89
_
11

68
10
17
(5)

60
16
18
(5)

91

4
1
33
14
42
1
4
1

2
2
37
20
33
1
5
1

_
1
_
99
_
_
-

4
_
20
7
65
(5)
4
(5)

3

1

13
12
65
(5)
6
(5)

4

4
1
23
11
46
7
7
1

2
26
15
38
10
6
1

4
_
13
(5)
73
(5)
10
(5)

3

1

10
(5)
77
(5)
9
H

4

After 10 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks__________________
2 weeks_________________ ___________ __
Over 2 and under 3 weeks________________
3 weeks_________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks__________________
4 weeks__________________________________
After 12 years of service
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks__________________
3 weeks__________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks__________________
4 weeks__________________ ____________
After 15 years of service
2 weeks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks__________________
3 weeks__________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks________________
4 weeks_____ __________________________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks

8

After 20 years of service
2 weeks__________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
__
3 weeks _
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks__________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks_________________
5 weeks__________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 weeks

94
-

After 25 years of service
2 weeks_________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks_________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks_________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks
... ___
5 weeks__________________________________
Over 5 and under 6 weeks
See footnotes at end of table.




2

.
_
1
_
64
_
35

73
21
"

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Toledo, Ohio—
Mich. , February 1969)
O ffice w o r k e r s

P lant w o rk e rs

Vacation policy

Amount of vacation pay

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M anufacturing

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M anufacturing

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

ontinued

After 30 years of service
2 weeks________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks ________________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks
5 weeks________________
Over 5 and under 6 weeks
6 weeks________________

4

2
2

23

26
15
37

59

7

40

1

11

44
7

8
1
1

10
1
1

4

3

1

-

-

-

-

i

13

10.

4

-

(5 )
70
(5 )
(5 )

(5)
77
(5)
7
(5)

46
48
-

4

3

13
(5)
70
(5)

10

-

11

1

2

-

Maximum vacation available
2 w eeks--------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks________________
Over 4 and under 5 weeks
5 weeks________________
Over 5 and under 6 weeks
6 weeks________________

4
23

11

44
7
7
i

2

2

_

1

26
15
37

59

5

40

10
1
2

-

11

(5)

2

(5)
77
(5)

6

?)
3

1
4
47
-

48
-

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation bonus, vacation-savings, and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers
with qualifying lengths of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L ess than 0. 5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of tim e," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progression. For example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for 3 weeks'
pay or more after 10 years includes those eligible for 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.




21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., February 1969)
Office workers

Plant workers
Type of benefit

Public utilities*

All industries4

Manufacturing

All industries 2

Manufacturing

All workers__________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

Workers in establishments providing at
least 1 of the benefits shown below______ _

100

100

100

99

100

100

97

98

100

98

99

99

82

86

72

81

93

68
93

Life insurance_________________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance___________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5
___________________
Sickness and accident insurance______
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)____________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting pe riod)____________________
Hospitalization insurance______________
Surgical insurance____________________
Medical insurance_____________________
Catastrophe insurance_________________
Retirement pension

Public utilities*

94

95

81

82

91

85

92

29

64

85

9

8

5

27

63

1 74

60

5

1

25

4

-

29

99
99
87
39
88

100
100
91
36
94

100
100
100
79
78

98
98
89
82
89

99
99
97
83
92

99
99
99
91
65

Includes those plans for which at least a part o£ the cost is borne by the employer, except those legally required, such as workmen* s compensation, social security, and railroad
retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




22

Table B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

(Percent distribution of plant and office w ork ers in a ll in du stries and in industry divisions by method of wage determ in ation 1
and frequency of wage payment, Toledo, Ohio— ich., F eb ru ary 1969)
M

Plant workers
Item

All industries2

All workers

Manufacturing

Office workers
Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

83
78
58
20

78
76
67
9

100
99
53
46

100
82
3
79

100
85
1
85

100
88
21
66

Method of wage determination1
Paid time rates____________________________
Form al rate policy______________________
Single ra te __
- ___ -_____ _____
Range of rates
___ _____ __
P rogression based on automatic
advancement according to
length of service
___
P rogression based on merit
review
P rogression based on a
combination of length of
service and merit review
No form al rate policy
Paid by incentive methods __
_ _ __
Piece rate.
______
— —
___ __
Ind ivid u al

....

... _
.

Group
Production bonus. _______ ____
____
Individual___________________________
Group________________________________
Com mission-------------------------------------

9

5

31

12

13

33

4

1

-

41

41

6

7
5
17
5

3
2
22
7
7

15
1
-

26
18
-

31
15
-

27
12
-

(5 )
15

-

5
(5 )

10
3
6
2

-

-

5

-

“

“

10

Method of determining incentive pay of office workers not presented

Frequency of wage payment
Weekly
Biweekly
Semimonthly____________ __________________
Monthly
-

1
2
3
4
5

92
7
(5 )

99

1

(5 )

64
36

-

24
30
46

23

20
57

F o r a description of the methods of wage determ ination, see Introduction.
Includes data for w holesale trad e, reta il trade, re a l e state, and s e r v ic e s, in addition to those industry d ivisions shown separately.
T ransportation , com munication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data for w holesale trade; re ta il trade; finance, in suran ce, and re a l e state; and se r v ic e s, in addition to those industry d ivisions shown sep arately.
L e s s than 0.5 percent.




11
57

32

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to a ssis t its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and
from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed
to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
CLERK, FILE

BILLER, MACHINE

C lass A. In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
files, classifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, reports, technical docu­
ments, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:
Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memo­
randums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
custom ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simulta­
neous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a number of vertical columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash Register, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
C lass A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
C lass B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, customers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller,
machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or more sections of a complete set of books or records relating to one phase
of an establishment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and experi­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.

C lass B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
ings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and
cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.
C lass C. Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which
is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or numerical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a­
terial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Perform s simple clerical and manual tasks re­
quired to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order
sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working
days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathematical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk, which may involve fre ­
quent use of a Comptometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.




23

C lass A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating cards. Perform s same
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determinations, for example, locates on the source document
the items to be punched; extracts information from several documents; and searches for and
interprets information on the document to determine information to be punched. May train
inexperienced operators.

24
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued
C lass B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or
alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified sequences which have
been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Perform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office m a­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY

SECRETARY— Continued
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred
persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
C lass C
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose subordinate staff
normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a
wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level of
official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.

Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work activities of the supervisor. Works fairly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical
and secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives telephone calls,
personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains
the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others
for the supervisor's signature to assu re procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs
stenographic and typing work.

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or

May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
program s, and procedures related fo the work of the supervisor.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary " p ossess the above characteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "personal" secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistan ts to a group of professional, technical,
or managerial persons; (d) secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially more
routine or substantially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

C lass D

b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative
officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from one or more
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribingmachine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from one or more persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all,
over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employes, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

C lass A

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate officer level) of a major seg­
ment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
C lass B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all,
fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of
a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc.)
or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division)
oFa company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 employees; or




C lass A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Perform s full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied functions that are
not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are
appropriate for calls.)
C lass B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May
perform limited telephone information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs
if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone information
purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when specific names are
furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

25
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TABU LATING - MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position or monitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

C lass C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. May include simple
wiring from diagrams and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical accounting machines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Perform s complete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a
variety of long and complex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type re­
quiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-today supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B . Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is
performed under specific instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting exercise, a complete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more
complex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new employees in the basic
operation of the machine.

Prim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar mate­
rials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A. Perform s one or more of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining material from several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
C lass B . Perform s one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying more complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN—Continued

Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close sup­
port with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relationships of com­
ponents and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B . Perform s nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the appli­
cation of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares archi­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary
computations to determine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
stre sse s, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.

Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of

components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions
are le ss complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
P repares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work is closely supervised
during progress.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or
injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the prem ises of a
factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Perform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions using a
variety of carpenter*s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments;

making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials neces­
sary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.




26
ELECTRICIA N ,

M AIN TEN AN CE

Perform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transform ers, switchboards, controllers, circuit break­
e rs, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and
testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air com pressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and
keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
h / l p e r , m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific
or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or
tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the
helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in
others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools, such as jig borers,
cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of
machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups
or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision measuring instruments; selecting feeds,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d re ss­
ing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For c r o ss­
industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechan­
ical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the common metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work
normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
wrenches, gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing




M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T I V E ( M A I N T E N A N C E ) --- C o n t in u e d

the various assem blies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making
all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic re­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the fol­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stre sse s,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work
normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing surfaces of mechanical
equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work in­
volves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to lo­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to pressu res, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or re ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fix­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal working machines; using a variety of

27
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheetmetal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other metal-forming work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
order, using arm s or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and
check on identity of employees and other persons entering.

P repares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing rec­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining neces­
sary records and files.

Watchman. Makes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting property against fire,
theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures
or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e rs, and restroom s. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; ware­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or more of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

ORDER, FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slips, customers* orders, or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of
units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowl­
edge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, merchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and
over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V tons)
2
Truckdriver, medium (1V to and including 4 tons)
2
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ------

T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to r n e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in ee rin g te c h n ic ia n s, d r a fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 8 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
c e n ts a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e ti n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e low . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in clu ding m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c ted a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d Hour an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t in s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n ti n g O ffice , W ashington, D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .
Area
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 _________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 * ________
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M ex. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
A llentown— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
Ju n e 1968 1 _____________________________________________
A t la n t a , Ga. , M ay 1968 1 -----------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 __________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , May 1968 * ___
P
O
B in g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 _________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968__________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1___________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t. 1968 * ___________________________
B u f f a l o , N. Y. , Nov. 1968 1 _____________________________
B u r l i n g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
Can ton , Ohio, J u n e 1968 1 _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 1 ___________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , Tenn. — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 _________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M a r . 1968 1 -------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1968 * ___________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1968 1_______________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 _______________________________________________
D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1 9 6 9 1 ----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1968 * _________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1968 1 ____________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1968 1 _________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1968 1 _________ -________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1968 * -----------------------------------H ouston, T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1 ---------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 1 ------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1_________________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o . — a n s . , S e p t. 1968 1 _________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l, M a s s . — H. , J u n e 1968 1 _______
H
N.
L i tt le R o c k — o r th L i t t le R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * _____
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n ta A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a r . 1 9 6 9 --------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1 ---------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 _____________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------------------M idlan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 ________________
M ilw au k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1968___________________________

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p ric e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1575-86,
1575-71,
16 2 5 -8 ,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
16 2 5 -6 ,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
50
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1625-16,
1625-42,
1625-39,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1625-40,
1625-45,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625- 1 1,

30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
45
35
35
35
45
30
35

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

157 5 -6 4 ,
1625-33,
1625-53,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l is — t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 9 ------------------S
M u sk e g o n — u sk e g o n H e ig h ts , M i c h . , M ay 1968 * _______
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y City , N. J . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ______________
New H aven, C o n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 9 __________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s—
P
H a m pton , V a. , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------O k lah om a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------Omaha, N e b r . —
Iow a, Oct. 1 9 6 8 1 -----------------------------P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1968 1 __________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 -------------------------N.
P h o e n ix, A r i z . , M a r . 19 6 8 1 ___________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e, Nov. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash. , M ay 1968 1 -------------------------W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w tu c k e t— arw ick, R. I . — a s s . ,
P
W
M
M ay 1 9 6 8 _______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1968 1 -------------------------------------R ic h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1967 1 ___________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 L .
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1 9 6 8 * ______________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —
111., J a n . 1968_________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity , Utah, D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________
S a n Antonio, T e x . , Ju n e 1968__________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n tar io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
Oct. 1968 1 _____________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
Sa n F r a n c i s c o —
Oaklan d, C a l i f . , Oct. 1968______________
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , Se pt. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
Sa v an n ah , G a . , M ay 1968 1 _____________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , Wash. , Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 _________________
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. Dak. , Oct. 1968 1 ----------------------------South Ben d, I n d . , M a r . 1968 1 __________________________
Sp o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1 9 6 8 ______________
T o le d o , Ohio—
Mich. , F e b . 1969 * ______________________
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1 _____________________________
U ti c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 -------------------------------R
W ashington, D. C. —
Md. — a. , S e p t. 19 6 8 ______________
V
W a te r b u ry , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________
W a te r lo o , Iow a, N ov. 1968 1 ___________________________
Wichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ju n e 1968 1 ________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------Youngsto w n— a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1 9 6 8 ----------------------W

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-47,
157 5 -6 0 ,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1575-78,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
50 c e n ts

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1625-48,
1575-55,
157 5 -4 4 ,
1625-20,
157 5 -8 0 ,

30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
40 c e n ts
50 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
40 c e n ts

1575-61,
1625-13,
157 5 -2 7 ,
16 2 5 -2 ,
1575-70,
157 5 -3 9 ,
1625-36,
157 5 -6 9 ,

30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1625-25,
1625-32,
1625-44,
162 5 -2 1 ,
157 5 -7 3 ,
1625-12,
1625-43,
162 5 -2 3 ,
157 5 -5 6 ,
157 5 -7 9 ,
1625-5,
162 5 -1 0 ,
1625-57,
1625-18,
1625-1,
162 5 -2 2 ,
157 5 -5 3 ,
1625-31,
1625-41,
157 5 -7 6 ,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
35 c e n ts
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
1
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I F IR S T C LA SS M A IL I

O F F I C I A L BUSINESS




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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102