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Area Wage Survey

The Denver, Colorado, Metropolitan Area
December 1968

'BOULDER
ADAMS
DENVER

Denver
JEFFERSON

Bullrti

No.

ARAPAHOE

1625-39




U N IT E D STATES DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T I S T I CS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

REGIO N III
P H ILA D ELP H IA

Region II
Region I
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




A re a W age S u rv e y

The Denver, Colorado, M etropolitan Area




D ecem ber

1968

B u lle tin

No.

1 6 2 5 -3 9
April 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 402 - Price 3 0 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u re a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of an n u al
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , an d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n fo r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t in p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a ro u n d
of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d ie d in to on e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lit a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t io n ___________________________________________________________________
W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________

1
3

T a b le s:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d ie d ____________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________

2
4

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s :
A - l . O f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d
m
w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------------------------A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------

9
10
11

A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------

13

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n i a l l y .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
D e n v e r , C o l o ., in D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 8 .
The S tan d a rd M e tro ­
p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f A d a m s , A r a p a h o e ,
B o u l d e r , D e n v e r , an d J e f f e r s o n C o u n t i e s . T h i s s tu d y w a s
c o n d u c te d b y B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f ic e in K a n s a s C i t y , M o .,
u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n , A s s i s t a n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r O p e r a tio n s .




areas.

NO TE:
S i m i l a r t a b u l a t io n s a r e a v a i l a b l e
( S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r .)

f o r o th e r

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in th e D e n v e r a r e a
i s a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d fo o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a t i o n s
( D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g
p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r in t in g ;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; an d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e l p e r s , an d a l l i e d o c c u p a t i o n s .

m

5
8




Area Wage Survey---The Denver, Colo., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t de^ta.

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 9 0 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e la te d b e n e fits on a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c lu s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n s an d E a r n i n g s




p o s s ib ility

of d isc lo su r e

of

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f le c t c o m p o site , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in th e
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a t e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s t u d ie d .

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U .S. De­
partment of Labor.

is

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d la t e
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w ­
a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n i n g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t io n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p ­
t io n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t ie s
w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d
an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a fo llo w in g th e jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta

th e re

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s an d S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u l a t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
b u lle t in .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t io n s i s c o l l e c t e d b ie n n i a l l y .
State T h e s e t a b u l a t io n s o n m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s ; p a id
h o l id a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r .th is a r e a .

1




Table 1. E stab lish m e n ts and W orkers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in1Denver, C olo.,
by M ajor Industry D ivision , 2 D ecem ber 1968
Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish ­
m ents in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll d iv isio n s-------------------------------------M anufacturing________________________________
Nonm anufacturing------------------------------------T ran sp o rtatio n , com m unication, and
other public u tilities 5 ___________________
W holesale t r a d e 6 - ____________ _________
R etail trad e ----------------------------------------F in an ce, in su ran ce , and r e a l e sta te 6 -----S e rv ic e s 6 7------------------------------.----------

Number of establish m en ts
Within scope
of stud y3

_

W orkers in establish m ents
Within scope of study4

Studied

Number

P ercent

Studied

744

177

171, 300

100

101, 590

50
-

213
531

51
126

64, 200
107,100

37
63

40,800
60, 790

50
50
50
50
50

66
110
171
81
103

29
20
34
18
25

28, 900
12, 500
35,700
13, 000
17,000

17
7
21
8
10

24,
3,
20,
5,
7,

120
230
710
690
040

1 The Denver Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A re a, a s defined by the Bu reau of the Budget through Ja n u a ry 1968, c o n sists of A d am s, A rapahoe,
B o u lder, D enver, and Je ffe r so n C ounties. The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" e stim a te s shown in this table provide a reaso n ab ly accu rate d escrip tion
of the siz e and com position of the lab or fo rce included in the survey . The e stim a te s a re not intended, how ever, to serv e a s a b a s is of com parison
with other em ploym ent in dexes fo r the a r e a to m ea su re employm ent tren d s or le v e ls since (1) planning of wage su rv ey s r e q u ire s the u se of establish m en t
d ata com piled co n sid e rab ly in advance of the p ay roll period studied, and (2) sm a ll estab lish m en ts a re excluded fro m the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard In d u strial C la ssific a tio n Manual was u sed in c la ssify in g estab lish m en ts by in du stry division.
3 Includes a ll estab lish m e n ts with total em ploym ent a t or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com pan ies in such
in d u strie s a s trad e , fin ance, auto re p a ir se r v ic e , and m otion picture th eaters a re con sid ered a s 1 establish m en t.
4 Includes a ll w o rk ers in all estab lish m en ts with total em ploym ent (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater tran sp ortation were excluded.
6 T h is in du stry d iv isio n is rep re se n ted in e stim a te s for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s. Sep arate p resentation
of d ata fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one or m ore of the following r e a s o n s : (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivision is too sm a ll to provide enough data
to m e rit se p a ra te study, (2) the sam p le was not designed in itially to p erm it sep a rate p resen tation , (3) resp o n se w as in sufficien t or inadequate to
p erm it se p a ra te p resen tatio n , and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re of individual e stablish m en t data.
7 H otels and m o tels; lau n d ries and other p e rso n al s e r v ic e s; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s; autom obile r e p a ir , ren tal, and parking; m otion p ictu re s; nonprofit
m em b ersh ip organ izatio n s (excluding relig io u s and ch aritable organ ization s); and engineering and a rch ite ctu ra l s e r v ic e s.

Over one-third of the w ork ers within scope of the su rvey in the Denver a r e a were
em ployed in m anufacturing fir m s .
The following p re se n ts the m ajo r in du stry groups and
sp ec ific in d u strie s as a percent of all m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific in d u strie s

Food and kindred p ro d u c ts---- 17
M achinery, except e le c tr ic a l— 16
T ran sp ortation equipm ent------ 15
8
Rubber and p la stic s produ cts— 8
L eath er and leath er p rodu cts— 6
E le c tr ic a l equipm ent
and s u p p lie s---------------------- 5
Ordnance and a c c e s s o r ie s ------ 5
Stone, clay, and g la ss
p ro d u c ts____________________ 5

A irc ra ft and p a r t s __ _____ — - 14
F ab ric a te d rubber products — - 8
Office and computing
____ 7
Luggage------------------------- _
_ 6
O rdnance----------------------- ___ 5
N ew sp ap ers_______________ ___ 5

This inform ation is b ased on e stim a te s of total employm ent derived from un iverse
m a te r ia ls com piled p rio r to actu al survey. P rop ortion s in vario u s in dustry d ivision s m ay
d iffer from p roportion s b ase d on the r e su lts of the su rvey as shown in table 1 above.

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These e stim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu siv e of e a rn in g s for o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n stan t w eights re fle c t b a s e y e a r
em p loy m en ts w h e rev er p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in t h e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s fo r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Switchboard operators, classes
Clerics, file, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die makeis
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, material handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in t h e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
in D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 8 a n d D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 7 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexes
(D e c e m b e r 1960=100)
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

D ecem ber
1968

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
D ecem ber
1967
to
D ecem ber
1968

D ecem ber
1967

D ecem ber
1966
to
D ecem ber
1967

D ecem ber
1965
to
D ecem ber
1966

D ecem ber
1964
to
D ecem ber
1965

D ecem ber
1963
to
D ecem ber
1964

A ll in d u str ie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w om e n )__
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) __ ________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

132.7
150.0
1 3 4 .3
133.7

12 6 .1
137.2
126.7
1 127.7

5.2
9.3
6.1
4.7

3 .2
7.4
4.6
1 4.0

4.3
5.0
4 .3
2.1

2 .3
1.9
2 .3
2 .3

2.7
3 .9
2.7
3 .9

M an ufactu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ----I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en) —
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) -----------------------

131.0
1 4 4 .8
131.7
139.2

124.3
132.3
124.2
1 130.9

5.4
9 .5
6.1
6 .3

3 .3
8.0
4.4
1 3 .8

3 .9
4.2
3.1
3 .2

2.7
1 .4
2 .6
4.9

1.6
3.4
1.9
2 .5

D ecem ber
1962
to
D ecem ber
1963
A ll in d u strie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n )
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________ —

—

—

M an ufactu rin g:
_______________
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
_ ___________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________ ____ ___ ______ ____ ____________ __ _____________ _
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________ —
—
—
l

R ev ised estim ate.




D ecem ber
1961
to
D ecem ber
1962

D ecem ber
1960
to
D ecem ber
1961

D ecem ber
1959
to
De c e m b e r
1960

3 .5
3 .0
2 .9
3.4

4 .1
5.2
3 .2
4.3

3 .5
6.1
4.2
4.8

4.2
5.9
5 .3
2 .8

3 .6
1.0
2 .7
1.5

3 .3
5.7
3 .3
4.6

3.8
4.9
3 .9
7 .0

3 .2
4.0
4.7
2.4

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e wee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y e a r n i n g s of—
Numb e r

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

$

A ve rage
weekly

(standard)

M ean 2

Me d ia n 2

Mi ddl e range 2

$

60
Unde r
$
and
u nde r
60
65

$
65

$
70

*
75

$
80

(
85

$
90

*
95

$

t

100

105

$
no

$
115

t
120

$
125

t

t

130

135

$
140

f
150

t
160

170
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

5
5

-

10
10

100

105

115

n o

120

U5

8
1

40
36
16

-

130

1*9

150

160

170 o v e r

HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------

208
188
57

$
$
$
$
39.5 128.00 131.50 11 7.50-139.50
39.5 128.50 132.00 11 8.50-139.50
40.0 131.50 134.00 11 9.50-140.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------

89
80
30

40.0 105.50 94.50
92.00- 12 7. 50
40.0 106.50
94.50
92.00- 12 8. 00
40.0 131.00 130.00 12 7. 00 -1 34 .0 0

_

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

277
267

40.0 109.00 109.00 10 3.50-115.50
40.0 109.00 1 0 9 . CO 103.50-115.50

_

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

144
34

40.0
40-0
39.5

110

79.00
75.00
80.00

74.50
72.00
76.50

69.50- 84.00
69 .00- 76.00
70 .0 0- 86.00

56
41

39.5 110.50 107.50
39.0 104.50
95.00

93.00- 13 1. 00
91 .5 0- 11 6. 00

94

40.0
40.0

-

-

_
~

_

-

-

_

2

_

-

-

_

_

*

-

24
-

12
4

24

8

3
2

46
44

-

4

-

-

2
-

1
1

5
5
1
-

4
3

7
7

49
49
14

22
22
12

19
19
12

28
24

-

-

-

11

18

21

2
2
2

12
12
12

11
11
11

1
1
1

1
1
1

2
2
2

-

_
-

-

-

40
36

13
13

10
10

1
1

4

_

2

2

1

4

-

2

2

1

_

_

_

_

-

_

“

~

5

-

25

_

44

70

25

-

44

70

53
47

10

2

4

4

6

5

1

_

4

6

5

1

“

-

1

5

1

2

6

1

3

5

2

2

10

-

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

15

4
4

3
3

37
37

~

~

15

_

4
“

148.50 152.50 14 0. 00-158.50

_

2
1
1

1
1
1

12
12

1

-

9
9
2

2

-

10

-

36
15

10

29

_
“

“

73.50- 92.50
72.50- 92.50

o
o

36

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

*

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CL AS S A ----------------------------

-

i
i

4
2

”

9
5

13

_

5

1
1

_

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) --------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

86

83.00
82.00

87.50
85.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

53
45
31

40.0
40-0
40.0

80.00
78.50
75.00

81.50
81.00
74.50

73.50- 84.50
73 .0 0- 83.50
71.50- 82.50

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

99
65

39.5
39.5

96.50
91.50

98.50
87.50

84 .5 0- 10 4. 00
83.00- 98.00

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

215
65
150
106

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

83.00
85.50
82.00
79.00

82.50
8 4 . CO
82.00
81.00

73 .5074 .5073.0072.50-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----MA NU FACTURING ------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

474
106
368
46
83

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

108.00
116.00
105.50
130.00
98.00

4
4

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------S ee f o o tn o te s at end of tab le .




724
155
569
86
192

91.50
94.00
9C.50
90.00

107.50
94.50- 12 0. 00
117.00 11 0.50-124.50
93 .5 0- 11 6. 50
104.00
132.00 12 0.00-135.50
94.00
90.50- 10 3. 50

40.0
90.00
88.00
40.0
96.50 95.50
86.00
40.0
88.00
40.0 105.50 112.00
84.50
85.50
40.0

80 .0 0- 98.00
90 .0 0-103.50
77.50- 95.00
84 .5 0- 12 7. 00
75.00- 93.50

9

9

3
3
3

_
-

_

_

_

“

~
6

1

24

4

4

1

22

-

11

i
i

i

1

_

_

28
28

10
10

68
20
48
32

5

”

_
-

10
10
4

13
2

-

82

80

-

7
-

2

1

13

7

80

79

92
6
86

9

11

2

7

7

34

31

15

-

9

8

11

5

_

1

4

15
15
15

-

-

9
5

_

9
-

13
-

7
7

49
18
31
27

6
6

-

7
7

12
12
6

-

_
-

16
16

“

23
3

4
4

4
1
3
3

1

n
u
-

1

38
15
23
22

21
3
18
~
10

81
1
80
~
27

36

143
31
112
7
31

85
37
48

69
15
54

7

11

1

_

“

"

2

18
18

29

"

2

~

5

'

1
1
49
1
48
6
9

2

4

53
37
16
4

29

26

4

58
9

49
1
21
15
6
“

2

9

_

“

~

_

12

-

12

48
26
22
~
5
30
5
25
7
8

_

_

_

7
2

-

42
11
31
6
3

43
22
21

17
11
6
3
“

29
1
28
20
5

14
11
3
2
~

7

15

10
10
6

14

2
~

1

14

2

1

14

2

1

3
4

2

5
4

n
n

“

"

9

9
7
“

_

_

~

~

3
1
2
1
“

-

~

_

“

1
~
1
1
“

-

-

“

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e we e kl y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s s t ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y e a r n i n g s ol
s

S ex , o ccu pa tio n, and i n d u s tr y di v i si o n

of
workers

w eekly

tinder
M e an 2

( standard)

M e di a n 2

Mi ddl e range 2

*
160

$

$
65

^

70

t

*

I
75

80

t
85

$
90

$

$
95

100

%
105

J
110

S

$
115

120

$
125

$
130

$
135

i

$
140

150

1
160

and
u nde r

170
a nH

150

160

170

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

-

1

11
3

-

15

7
6

-

-

5
5

1

-

2
2

16

-

"

-

54
54

74
69

115
96

59
54

30
26

16
10

13
13

7
7

9
9

70
70

86
59

i i
9

7
4

6
3

2
2

5
5

1
1

2
2

51

51

1

“

2

_

2

14

21
9

13
9
9

_

23
11

13
5
2

27

2
2

8
8
8

28

-

25
3

-

7

31
5
26
-

4

1

1
5
4

12
3
9
8

19

1
6
-

5
14
12

i
3
3

1
1

-

6

3
3

10
10

_

_

_

-

-

-

23
4

25

65

W O M E N - C O NT IN UE D
CLERKS. FILE, CL A S S A --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

46
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 4 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

$
9 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

$
b
8 3 . 0 0 - 1 1 2 . OC
8 2 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS 8 --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

38 A
345

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 -

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CL A S S C --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------R E TA IL TRADE --------------------

199
164
105

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

6 6 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

6 3 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 -

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

6 2 .5 0 -

6 8 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

186
141
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

7 8 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 0 .5 0 8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----- -*•------RE TAIL T R A D E --------------------

242
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

168
44
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

C O MP TO ME TE R O P ER AT OR S --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

254
185
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

8 8 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

337
104

4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

559
103
456

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

111

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

OF FI CE GIRLS — -----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

133
124

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

S E CR ET AR IE S4 --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

1 ,7 6 6

3 9 .5

1 1 8 .5 0

702
1 ,0 6 4

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

326
104

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1
1
1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

124
44
80

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CL AS S B -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PU BL IC UT I L I T I E S 3---------------

372
131
241
142

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 3 3 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PU BL IC UT I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

603
245
358
118

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 0 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

S e e f o o tn o te s at end o f tab le .




233
54

.

3 9

2
1
2
0

3
5
5
2

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

8 3 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 9 4 .5 0

9
9

1
-

2
-

10

22

-

1
~

2
-

“

1

2

10
2
2

1
21
2
19

28
10
9

32
20
12
-

2
-

6

14

6

5

62

16
9
5

11
9
3

2
2

_

_

-

-

64
15

35
a

14
3

9

49

27

11
1

2

19
19

22
16
6
5

11
5
6
6

15
10
5
5

17
5
12
12

51
2
49
49

10
-

-

-

~

-

-

21
21
13

15
14
4

64
40
17

50
35
9

4 2
5

-

-

_

_

4

~
-

-

-

i
3

30
8

23
14
9
3

41
20
21
1

46

-

48

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

8 1 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 9 8 .5 0

3
1
5
8

.
.
.
.

5
0
5
0

0
0
0
0

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
2

4
3
4
5

.
.
.
.

0
0
5
0

0
0
0
0

~
6
6

9 2 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
_

1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

_

1
1
1
1

1 0 8 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

-

6 7 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 -

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

-

17
17

-

7 7 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

.0
.0
.5
.0

10
4

14
-

-

8
3
7
4

9
6
1
3

20
6

6
-

-

8
9
8
1 2

1
3
1
1

23
17

_

9
9
9
9

1 2 3 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0

2

9 3 .5 0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

6

-

9 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

.0
.5
.0
.5

.0
.0
.5
.5

36
36

_

10

8 1 .5 0 7 6 .5 0 -

2
9
3
1

4
4
8
1

38
10

2
2

8 2 .0 0 -

1 0
9
1 0
1 2

2
1
2
0

39

5
5

56
2
54
14

22
1

ii
35
14

“

-

15
6

14
9

9
5

5

-

46
2
44

72

98
31
67

11
37

73
10
63

10

2

1

2

82
10

2
3

1

2
-

3
6

6

38

35

11
11

2
2

4
4

_

_

34

22
17

1

35

1

-

-

-

_

16

34

72

134

112

157

144

5
67

58
76

25
87

58
99

163
49

~
-

“

2
32
7
4

56

-

4
12
-

166
69

4
-

26
12

18
22

22
6

14
16

i n
36
75
9

97
12
10

88
17
14

114
26
5

-

-

-

-

4

-

14

_

11

_

-

-

-

4

14

“

11

-

25
12
13

15
7
8

6
-

8
2
6

36
29
7

14
-

8
4
4

22
5

14

16
2
14

2
27

10
4

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

-

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0

0
0
0
0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

-

1 0 1 .5 0

1 1 1 . 0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

-

-

1
-

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

_

2
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
10

6

10
10

6

17

i

29

86

147

39
47
18

95
52
34

I

1

14
6
8

2
2

10
9
1

29
3

26
16

21
5

18
7

73
39

26

10

16

i i

34

23
23
30

16

5

4
12
8

1
4
_

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

10

~

7

i

2

6

11

12

7

12

4

1
1
1
1

_

2
-

i

4
-

-

-

19
19

4

“

1
24
7

_

_

_

38
-

43
15

13

38

62
26
36

-

11

5

4

-

-

7
3

3
3

32
13
19
8

39
19

6
-

29
5
24

54
14

4

36
9
27

24

-

13
-

28

-

6
-

7

2
26
13
1

11
1

28
7
2

7
1

40

6
5

10

15
9

-

20
11
1

91
31
60
22
2

199
128
71
43

77
30
47
33

21
17

22
7
15
8
-

1

"

-

i
-

10
-

7

3

i

10

8
4
4

5
2

l
2

34

8

11

1
7
7

14
5
9

8
31
21
10

30

6

113
89
24
9

1

-

12
18

6
-

6

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w ee kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s st ud ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , D e n v e r , C o lo . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
We ekly e ar n in gs 1
(standard)

65

70

70

S ex , o ccu p ati o n, and in d u s tr y di v i si on

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y e a r n i n g s of—
T------ T------- 1------- 1------ $
T
1 ------ t
{
t
*
»
1
*
$
6
75
80
85
90
95
10 0
105
110
115
120
125
130
135
140
150
160
170

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

124.50
129.00
123.50
134.50
104.50

-

-

4
4
-

9
9
i

24
5
19.
5
5

56
27
29
5
11

62
16
46
4
3

95
39
56
6
8

60
26
34
3

71
41
30
4

38
21
17
1

96
25
71
7

26
10
16
3

1
1
-

11
1
10
5

60
16
44
8

88
23
65
7

42
18
24
2

70
37
33
-

49
34
15
3

55
49
6
3

60
32
28
24

42
34
8
8

42
8
34
4

32
22
10
10

33

-

-

-

32
8
24

45
23
22

64
32
32

43
11
32

31
2
29
1

43
25
18
2

20
16
4
1

25
18
7
2

11
2
9

t

Av era ge
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Mi ddl e range 2

U nd er
*
and
60
un der

*

and
110 - 1 1 1 .- U 0 .

135

_J6CL

1*9

170 o v e r

WOMEN - CONTI NU ED
SECR ETA RIE S - CO NTI NUE D
$

667
28 2
3 86
53
35

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.5

112.50
114.00
111.50
118.00
97.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MAN UFA CTU RIN G -----NONMA NUF ACT URI NG --•
PUBLIC UTILITIES

590
274
3 16
11 1

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

98.50
97.50
1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 1 . 0 0
92.00
97.00
110.50 112.50

8 4 .5 0 111.00
9 1 .5 0 109.50
82.00-115.50
105.00-126.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MAN UFA CTURING ----NCNM ANU FAC TUR ING —
PUBLIC UT ILI TIE S3
RETAIL TRADE ----

448
178
270
55
32

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

107.50 104.50
1 0 6 . 5 0 1 1 0 .0 0
108.00 104.00
130.50 131.50
92.50
92.00

9 3 .0 0 123.00 9 2 .0 0 121.00 9 3 . 5 0 - 126.50
127.50-134.50
8 8 .5 0 - 97.00
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------

78
26
52

40.0
40.0
40.0

100.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFA CTU RIN G ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

221

SECRETARIES, CLASS D M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------NO NM AN UFA CTU RIN G - - —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S —
RETAIL TRADE -------

111.50
113.00
1 1 0 .0 0

124.50
96.50

1 00.501 02.509 9 .5 0 9 9 .5 0 9 1 .5 0 -

99.00
1 0 1 .0 0

97.00
99.00
97.00

76

78.00
75.50
76.50

72.00
71.00
73.00

66 .0 0 66.0069.50-

84.50
82.50
83.00

SWITCHBOARD CPERATOR- RE CE PT IC NI ST Sm a n u f a c t d r i n g --------------------NONMANUFA CTU RIN G ----------------PUBLIC UTI LI T IE S3 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

309
81
22 8
30
48

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0

87.50
87.50
87.00
108.00
77.50

85.50
85.00
109.00
7 7 . CO

80 .0 0 82.0078.509 6 .0 0 72 .5 0 -

92.50
94.50
92.50
120.50
83.00

TRANSCRI PING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------NCNMA NUF ACT URI NG -------------

16 0
122

39.5
39.0

84.50
84.50

8 3.00
83.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFA CTU RIN G —
PUBLIC UT ILI TIE S3
RETAIL TRADE ----

372
120
25 2
57
36

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

92.00
89.00
93.00
107.50
86.00

86.50
87.00
8 6 . CO
120.50
84.00

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 -MANUFACTURING —
NONM AN’ FACTURING
J
RETAIL TRADE —

5 66
105
461
53

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

78.00
83.00
76.50
81.50

1

2 10

86.0 0

76.00
80.50
75.00
79.50

15
15

7 6 .0 0 - 91.50
7 6 .0 0 - 91.50

84.00
93.00
83.00
87.50

11

4

14
5
9

18
5
13

6
2
4

11
7
4

8
8
6

12
11
7

3
3
2

33
6
27
4
3

9
4
5
4
i

13
7
6
-

6
6
2

27
27
1

54
54
20

38
38
31

13
13
3

22

6

15
11
4

17

77
26
51

~

-

4

36
36
1
18

17

6

7

13

64
19
45
2
1

9
9

22
13

19
18

42
23

18
17

18
18

9
8

5

4
4
-

16
3
13
4
-

81
31
50
7
8

74
19
55
3
13

35
17
18
1
2

50
14
36
2
7

25
18
7
1
5

15
10
5
3
i

94
1
93

121
26
95
5

91
25
66
24

94
16
78
10

26
3
23
3

49
15
34

24
9
15

15

-

6
6

7 9 .5 0 - 99.00
7 9 .5 0 - 97.00
7 9 .5 0 106.00
87 .5 0 125.00
8 0 .5 0 - 93.50
70.0075.0068.5077.00-

11

44
13
31
1
5

3
2
1

9 0 .0 0 107.50
9 0 .0 0 104.50
90.50-109.00

40.0
40.0
39.5

-

47
47

-

22

5

-

6

-

8

7

_
-

-

-

_

-

33
33

5
4

-

-

-

-

28
13
15
14

41
16
25
23

6
1
5
5

25

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
6

i
-

-

-

5

1
-

5

1

-

1

1
1

-

13
4

-

-

1

-

1

-

1
-

1
1

2

5

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

-

7
3
4

-

17

24

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

-

_

_

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

i
3
3

2

10
2
8
3
~

3
3

_
-

-

-

14
1
13
6

5
3
2
-

-

1

5
4
i

3
-

-

3

4
4

41
3
38
8

5

-

2
3
3

-

77
62
15
11

8
2
6
2

11
4
7
1

2
1
1

2

17
16

24
12

2

11

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se weekl y h o u rs .
2 The m e a n is co mp ut ed f o r e a c h job by tot al ing the e a r n i n g s of a ll w o r k e r s and divid ing by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s it i o n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra te shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the ra t e shown.
Th e m i d d le r a n g e i s de fin ed by 2 r a t e s of pay ; a fo ur th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a four th e a r n m o r e than
the h ig he r ra te .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er pu bli c u t il it i e s .
4 May in clude w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—

t

Average
weekly

t

i

t

t

85

90

95

10 0

105

11 0

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

180

19 0

200

90

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

95

100

10 5

110

115

12 0

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

180

190

2 00

21 0

5
1
4

6
2
4

i
i
-

4
2
2

3
1
2

26
10
16

38
3C
8

40
18
22

21
7
14

41
40
1

35
32
3

1
1

21
15
6

16
12
4

47
40
7

32
22
10

14
11
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

U nder
$
an d
85
unde

( standard)

$

$

40.0
40.0
40.0

143.50 142.50
149.50 144.50
133.00 127.50

128.00 -1 6 1 .5 0
140.50165.50
114.50149.00

238
131
10 7

40.0
40.0
40.0

113.50 115.50
114.00 116.50
112.50 111.00

1 01.00-129.00
104.50 -1 2 6 .0 0
94.50-135.50

58
43

40.0
40.0

135.00
132.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ■
MANUFA CT UR IN G N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

221

14 5
76

40.0
40.0
40.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ■
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

3 50
2 23
12 7

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C •
MANUFA CT UR IN G -NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

168.00 167.50
173.00 180.00
159.50 161.50

$

156.50184.50
158.00-189.00
152.50170.00
2
2
9
1
8

16
12
4

-

16
7
9

25
1
24

15
4
11

18
5
13

19
9
10

17
10
7

27
16
11

69
65
4

12
6
6

27
14
13

28
20
8

8
3
5

29
23
6

18
15
3

21
13
8

22
17
5

14
1
13

10
4
6

4

3

1

_

_

_

4

3

1

~

“

-

8
7

6
6

11
7

8
5

6
6

6
5

2
2

-

-

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

134.50 1 2 5 .5 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
133.00 1 2 4 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r
t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2 , t a b l e A - l .




re g u la r

2

2

s tr a ig h t- tim e

sa la rie s

3
3

(e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

1
-

3
-

r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e kl y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv i si o n , D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
A ve rage

O cc u pa ti on and in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

Numb e r
of
workers

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------RETAIL TRAOE ------------BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------RETAIL TRADE --------------

O cc u pa ti on and i n d u s tr y di v i si o n

Numbe r
of

Weekl y
hours 1
standard)

Weekl y
e am in gs 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Average

A ve rage

Weekly
Weekly
hours *
e a m in gs 1
(standard) (standard)

165
157
53
65
31
100
66

233

65
168
106

6 0 .0

$
9 9 .0 0

6 0 .0

9 9 .5 0

6 0 .0

8 0 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3
6
3
3

9
0
9
9

9 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

.5
.0
.0
.5

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----RETAIL TRADE -----------

682
126
556
103
103

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MA NU FACTURING -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----RETAIL TRADE -----------

813
166
669

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

116

233

CLERKS, FILL, CLASS A
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG —

68

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----NONMAN UE AC TU RI NG —

392

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2 01

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 0 .0

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
3

6
7
3
1

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

9 8 .5 0

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

166
105

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

CLERKS, CRUFR -----NONMANUF AC TU RI NG
RETAIL TRADE -

663
608
71

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------MA NUFACTURING -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
RETAIL TRADE ----

250
75
175
50

6
6
6
6

0
0
0
0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

67

6 0 .0

8 6 .0 0

CO MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

256
185
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S
$
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

338
106
236

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

55

6 0 .0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

559
103

9 2 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

656
111

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GI R L S ---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

277
63
236

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

33

6 0 .0

S E C R E T A R I E S 3--------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,7 8 6
709
1 ,0 7 5
337

SECRETARIES, CL AS S A -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

126
66

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S2--------------SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

67
365

SECRETARIES, CL AS S D -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S2--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

670
282
388

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

595
276
321
116

6 0 .0

0
0
0
0

.
.
.
.

6 0 .0

9 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SE NI OR --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

653
178
275
60
32

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

8 8 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

SW IT CH B0 AR 0 OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

78
26

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

52

6 0 .0

Number
of
workers

Weekl y
hours *
(standard^

Weekly
earnings 1
(
standard)

$
79.00
76.50
76.50

- CONTINUED

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

226
215
76

60.0
60.0
39.5

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

309
81
228
30
68

39.5
87.50
60.0
87.50
39.5
87.00
39.5 108.00
60.0
77.50

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

60

60.0 169.00

8 9 .5 0

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

61
66

39.5 111.00
39.0 106.00

1 0 2 .0 0

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C
—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- •
-----

59
68

60.0
39.5

89.00
89.50

6 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

TRAN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

160
122

39.5
39.0

86.50
86.50

381

6 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0

138
263

6 0 .0
3 9 .5

166

6 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

378
126
256
59
36

39.5 92.00
60.0
89.00
39.5
93.50
60.0 108.50
39.0
86.00

609
265
366
126
39

6
6
6
6

0
0
0
0

.0
.0
.0
.0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

566
105
661
53

39.5
60.0
39.5
60.0

3
6
3
3
3

9
0
9
9
9

.5
.0
.0
.5
.5

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

222
165
77

60.0 168.00
60.0 173.00
60.0 159.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

355
226
131

60.0 163.00
60.0 169.50
60.0 132.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

250
137
113

60.0 113.00
60.0 116.00
60.0 112.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

59

60.0 135.00
60.0 132.50

106

80

6 0 .0

3
6
3
3
3

9
0
9
9
9

.5
.0
.5
.5
.5

6 0 .0

6 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

1
1
1
1

1
2
1
2

9
3
6
6

.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1
1

2
3
1
1
0

1
0
6
8
1

.0
.5
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
9

2
6
1
9
7

.5
.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0
0

9
1 0
9
1 1

8
0
7
1

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1

8
6
8
0
2

.0
.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0
0

8 8 .5 0

38

Occupation and industry division

56
35

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

6 0 .0
6 0 .0
6 0 .0

0
0
0
3
9

1 0 0 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

78.00
83.00
76.50
81.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w ee k f o r which e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er pu bli c u ti l it i e s .
3 M a y in clude w o r k e r s oth er than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st u d i ed on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rl y e a r n i n g s of —

workers

2.50 2.60
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

t
2.70 2 .80
S

$

$

S

3.20

$
$
$
3 . 3 0 3 . 40 3 . 5 0

$

3.67
3.67
3.68

3.72
3.73
3.45

ELECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

26 9
21 2

3.83
3.77

3.82
3.79

3 .6 6 - 3.98
3 .6 5 - 3.89

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

26 7
158
10 9
26
27

3.80
3.99
3.52
3.49
3.54

3.75
3.80
3.52
3.46
3.59

3.5 9 3.7 2 3.273.3 8 3.39-

4.31
4.40
3.77
3.64
3.74

FIREMEN, ST ATIONARY BOILER ---------

31

2.84

2.99

2.0 7 -

3.45

412

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

132
51
81
73

2.96
2.89
3.01
3.11

3.04
2.99
3.06
3.06

2 .9 1 - 3.08
2 .7 8 - 3.05
3 .0 1 - 3.20
3 . 0 2 - 3.31

8

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TO OLROOM —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

176
176

3.71
3.71

3.73
3.73

3 .3 5 - 4.04
3 .3 5 - 4.04

~

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

316
263

3.81
3.79

3.82
3.78

3 .6 6 - 3.96
3 .6 5 - 3.89

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

535
95
440
353

3.87
3.54
3.94
4.00

4.11
3.63
4.13
4*14

MECHANICS, MAINTE NA NC E -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

457
4 51

3.65
3.65

OILERS --------------------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

49
49

PAINTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E --------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

-

-

-

-

2.90

3.00 3.10 3.20

3.30

3 . 4 0 3 . 50 3 . 6 0 3 . 7 0

-

-

-

7

5

_

2
2

3
2

_

_

_

*

“

“

-

10

_

-

10

-

-

“

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

4

-

9
9

-

5
5

-

10
10

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
2
8
8

_

_

_

_

-

_

5
5

-

-

102
77
25

-

~

i
S
$
4.20 4 .4 0 4.60

s

*

3 .6 3 - 4.16
3 .1 7 - 3.69
3 .7 4 - 4 .16
4 .1 0 - 4.17

_
-

_
-

3.64
3.64

3 .3 8 - 3.75
3 . 3 8 - 3w73

_

_

-

3.24
3.24

3 .2 0 - 3.28
3 .2 0 - 3.28

_

61
56

3.76
3.75

3.75
3.75

3 .7 1 - 3.79
3 .7 1 - 3.79

PIPEFITTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

23 7
23 7

3.76
3.76

3.78
3.78

263
26 2

4.31
4.31

4.19
4.20

4 .0 9 - 4.63
4 .1 0 - 4.63

4
2
2

10
8
2

11
10
1

44
44
-

-

8
8
-

-

8
7

8
2

12
12

58
58

31
25

58
58

28
28

1
1

11
11
9
1

10
4
6

68
52
16

24
23
1

8
8

_
-

_
-

1
1

3
3

2
2

1
1

-

_

57
17

2
-

_

_

-

-

18
18
-

5C
38
12

_

_

i

i

-

1

_

19

3

1

-

1

“

19
3
2

12
3
9
5
4

6

32
20
12
9
3

9

1

-

2

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

70
25
45
45

_

_

20

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

20
20

1
1

4
4

30
30

20
20

3
3

12
12

14
14

15
15

4
4

27
27

7
7

35
35

4

_

_

_

4

-

"

-

3
3

2
1

10
9

3
i

6
6

2
2

85
84

34
33

68
66

40
3

24
23

3
1

28
27

4
3

3
i

i

9
9

18
18

12
4
8
8

16
6
10
10

14

51
51

37
32
5

-

-

-

13
7
6
6

-

-

-

289
263

-

“

61
4
57
51

289

14
14

~

-

-

28
28

173
173

20
20

14
8

9
9

6
6

1
1

74
74

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

10
10

38
37

9
9

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

55
55

85
85

82
82

12
12

_

_

3
3

_

_

_

-

“

"

-

4
4

10
10

17
17

10
10

21
20

70
70

15
15

42
42

44
44

18
18

-

_

_

-

“

-

~

_
-

-

-

3 .7 1 - 3.85
3 .7 1 - 3.85

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

-

1

-

3.18
3.18

5

o v er

3

-

~

-

7

3 . 80 3 . 9 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 10 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0

-

~

-

_
-

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

4
4

_

13
13

27
27

40
40

36
36

12
12

_

2
2

2
2

_

-

4
4

1
1

2
2

32
32

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

1

_

_

-

L

6
6

-

6
6

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f ts .
F o r defini tio n of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o th er public u t i l i t i e s .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 2 to $ 2 . 1 0 .




t
t
$
$
*
3 . 70 3 . 8 0 3 . 9 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 1 0

1
“

”

-

1
1
3
4

$
3.60

and
2 . 5 0 un der

CA RPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3 .5 5 - 3.78
3 .6 5 - 3.78
3 .1 9 - 4.33

s

3.10

S

2.60 2 .7 0 2 .80

$

$
2.90 3.00
t

o
o

O cc up ati on and i n d u s tr y di v i si on

*

>

S

00
o

Hourly earnings 1
Number

i
i

-

3
3

8
8

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Denver, Colo., D e c e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

U n d e r 1 * 60
$
and
1 * 6 0 u n d er

637
217

$
2 .35
3 .19

$
2 .11
3 .1 6

$
1 .6 7 3 .1 1 -

$
3 .1 3
3 .42

12

20 9

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

18

6

55

_

“

GUARDS:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

216

3 .1 9

3 .1 6

3 .1 1 -

3 .4 2

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

3 ,1 2 4
600
2 ,524
113
237

2 .0 9
2 .5 5
1 .98
2 .7 4
1.97

2 .0 0
2 .7 6
1.9 7
2 .8 4
1 .88

1 .8 7 2 .1 7 1 .8 6 2 .5 6 1 .7 6 -

2 .1 9
2 .9 2
2 .1 5
2 .8 9
2 .1 8

116

LABORERS, MA TERIAL H A ND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4 --------------RE TAIL TRADE --------------------

2 ,2 1 4
486
1,728
658
499

2 .9 5
2 .72
3 .02
3 .5 4
2 .6 4

3 .0 4
2 .97
3 .1 4
3 .72
2 .7 3

2 .4 8 2 .3 4 2 .5 4 3 .6 1 2 .3 5 -

3 .3 8
3 .0 9
3 .6 9
3 .7 6
2 .9 3

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,219
458
761

2 .83
2.8 1
2 .84

2 .7 9
2 .6 8
2 .81

2 .5 1 2 .5 4 2 .4 4 -

3 .2 5
3 .1 5
3 .3 2

PACKERS, SH IPPING -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

402
281
121

2 .4 7
2 .53
2 .3 3

2 .4 8
2 .6 9
2 .4 5

2 .0 8 2 .0 6 2 .2 0 -

2 .7 9
2 .9 5
2 .5 3

18
18

36
18
18

PACKERS, SH IPPING (WOMEN) ---------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

232
107

2 .1 7
2 .2 3

1 .98
2 .4 2

1 .9 3 1 .7 9 -

2 .4 6
2 .4 8

3
3

27
27

2
2

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

232
70
162
93

2 .8 9
2 .9 4
2 .8 6
2 .8 7

2 .8 9
3 .0 0
2 .8 8
2.9 1

2 .5 9 2 .5 7 2 .6 1 2 .3 8 -

3 .3 3
3 .42
3 .3 2
3 .3 3

-

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

164
65
99
51

3 .0 4
3 .1 6
2 .9 6
2 .9 9

3.0 1
3 .0 7
2 .91
2 .91

2 .7 9 2 .9 8 2 .7 4 2 .7 6 -

3 .3 3
3 .43
3 .3 1
3 .3 2

SHIPPING AND RECE IV IN G CL ER KS ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

116
38
78
62

2 .82
2 .69
2 .89
2 .92

2 .7 9
2 .7 0
2 .7 9
2 .95

2 .5 5 2 .3 5 2 .7 0 2 .7 2 -

3 .3 3
3 .31
3 .3 4
3 .3 5

TR UC KD R I V E R S 5 ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4 --------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

2 ,802
563
2 ,2 3 9
1,385
345

3.24
3 .1 7
3.26
3 .61
2 .85

3 .41
3 .3 1
3 .45
3 .7 4
2 .9 4

2 .9 4 2 .9 2 2 .9 5 3 .7 0 2 .4 1 -

3 .7 4
3 .4 7
3 .7 5
3 .7 7
3 .3 4

1

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

407
104
303

2 .68
2 .82
2 .6 2

2 .5 7
2 .77
2 .5 4

2 .3 9 2 .7 1 2 .2 5 -

2 .9 0
3 .07
2 .8 6

-

1,522
125
1,3 9 7
1,0 0 7
196

3 .2 8
2.89
3 .31
3.57
2.63

3 .5 8
2 .7 9
3 .7 0
3 .73
2 .5 0

3 .0 1 2 .3 4 3 .0 3 3 .4 4 2 .3 3 -

3.75
3 .2 9
3 .7 5
3 .7 7
2 .9 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

116
4

~




-

17

65

23
23

~
-

83
37
46

2
41

3
10

7
7

9
9

6

7

17
17
17
-

5
5

-

9

69
9
60

_

21

12

12

9
12

-

*
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

*

3 .4 0

-

12

26

27
1
26

_

_

-

~

~

“

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

'

14

$
3 .6 0

40
1
39
4
7

92
27
65
3
26

139
222
127
97
12
125
9
103
2
2

95
4
91

79
32
47

9
4
5

12
4
8

65

12
-

18
18

-

1

12 9

86
12
74

12 9
5
5

18 6
173
13

4

10
8

6

25
17
8

22
22

“

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

-

6

4

-

6
1

4

3
3

2
2

10
10
-

5
5

1

”

“

11

41
5
36

6

33

7

5
-

16

13

5

16

6

59

63
28
35

1
58

24

33

134
42
9
3
125
39
7

7

26
1

7

25

5

8

-

~

6
96

10
3
7
4

27
15
12
12

22

6
6
-

-

82
4
78
4
20

88
26
62

32

13
13

52
28
24

33

9

30

28

33

2
7

30

33

4

24

33

7

~

'

92
202
7
85
202
-

4
4
-

-

-

50 6
-

-

-

_

-

2

_

_

-

-

-

_

6
6

_

_

1

-

-

1

12
12

-

-

12
12

-

_

-

18
18

_

-

_

50 6
50 6

101

_

-

50

1
1

24
-

“

68
6
62

3

10

3

36
24
1
1
2
35
2
32

3
3
_

7
7

-

-

2

_

-

-

47
36
11
4
1

229
9
220
5
135

16
15
1

1
1

-

“

4

75
15
60
59
i

13
12
1

-

-

50

“

4

-

1

-

100
-

100
5
15

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

i
-

30
18
12

46

2

_
-

_

-

24
24
-

~

-

-

-

i

2

39

-

“

_

296 1088
221
13
75 10 7 5
39 10 7 5

39
37

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

5
5

13 0
43
87
86
1

171

-

_

4
4

28
19
9
i

21 6
39
177
172
5

171
171

8
16
8

17
17
13

1
1

-

-

-

24
4
20
'

3
3

32
3
29
27

1

32

~

33

-

2
2

6
i
5
4

2

59
57

44
44

53
20

_

-

1

-

3

22
20

~

1

5
5
-

3

-

1

“

“

3
2
-

-

1
6
2

42
42

32
20
12

2

62

_

7

161
88
230
153
8
88
230

_

28
1
27
20

“

-

28

_

28
13
15
3

7

102

_

10
3
7
7

-

2

5
3

62

over

12

32
5
27
21

i

2

-

_

i

5

~

5
4

“

5

_

4
3

“

2

4

10
8

6
-

7
7

8
61
~

20

50
49

7
-

34

8

44

7

7

24

58
14

4
4

41

35

62

2

2

2

41
209
105
55
157
12 8
60
28
21
13
38
1
3 149
77
107
42
156
9
8
5
11
4
2
105
6
14
156

42
24
9
2
6

6

'

104
10 3

7

69
20
49

-

41
32

11

-

71
33
15
4
2

15
1

7

~

11

1

15
14
1

~

10
10

2

“

3 .3 0

10 3

-

10

3 .2 0

3 .1 0

32

7

-

3

3 .0 0

65
64
1
1

-

“

19
1

1

2

41
56

42
14
27
1

5
5

-

29
2

2 .9 0

1

_

27
1

48

"

$
3 .2 0

91
78
13
13

14
4
10

~

48
-

S
$
3 .0 0 3 .1 0

-

21
9
12

16
~
16
15

2 . 70 2 . 8 0

6

-

$
.9 0

18 6
129
57
56
l

1

14

12

78
12
66
6

2 .6 0

4

-

-

“

~

1

»
*
2 .8 0

1

-

43
28
15

-

9
“

-

“

-

“

1

$
$
2 . 60 2 . 7 0

6
5

5

807
59
16
22
5
791
37
37
3
2
24
21
31

~

2 .5 0

~

1

-

-

1

$
2 .5 0

t

2 .4 0

2 .4 0

10

1

1

105
1

-

2 .3 0

61
61

1

-

_

-

$
2 .3 0

23
11
12

1
~

“

-

16

14

~

~

2 .2 0

88
50
38

~

_

~

10
18

605
2
603

-

"

See footnotes at end of table.

66 5
12
653

“

-

2.

4

139
68
71

23
~

S
2 .2 0

4

45
20
25
-

-

“
~

S
$
2 . 00 2 . 1 0

S
»
1 .8 0 1 .9 0

an d
1 .8 0

1 .7 0

GU AR OS AND WATC HM EN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

*
1.7 0

46
-

73 9
8
731
731
“

15
15
“

2
2

-

“

21
21
-

_
“

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c e m b e r 1968)
.

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

w orkers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g

H ourly e a r n in g s2

N um b er

$
1 .6 0

T ,
T
M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran ge 3

$
1 .7 0

t
1 .9 0

i

1 .8 0

$
2 .0 0

%

2 .1 0

t
2 .2 0

$
2 .5 0

t
$
2 .3 0 2 .4 0

of—

2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
S
$
$
$
2 .8 0 2 .9 0
3 .0 0 3 .1 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

%

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
$
3 .4 0 3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

3 .6 0

4 .0 0

over

$
an d
1 . 6 0 u n d er
1 .7 0

and
1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .8 0

T R U C K O R I V C R S 5 - CONT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVFPS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) —
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------- ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-------

1
2
3
4
5
6

528
67
461
325
132

$
3 .5 6
3 .3 5
3 .5 9
3 .7 1
3 .3 0

$
$
$
3 .7 2
3 .3 3 - 3 .7 6
2 . 9 7 - 3 .4 8
3 .0 5
3 .7 2
3 .3 6 - 3 .7 6
3 .7 5
3 .7 2 - 3 .7 7
3 .3 5
3 .3 2 - 3 .3 7

600
262
338
03

3 .2 0
3 .1 5
3 .2 4
3 .6 6

3 .3 1
3 .1 0 - 3 .4 7
3 .1 5
2 .9 4 - 3 .2 1
3 .3 9
3 .2 5 - 3 .4 9
3 .7 4
3 .7 2 - 3 .7 7

1
1

2

-

7

-

7
-

-

20

-

-

20

_

_

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

~

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o th e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h i f t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e an d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 3 a t $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 ; 3 a t $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 ; and 6 a t $ 5 to $ 5 .2 0 .




9

15
3
12

5
1
4
-

17
2
15

16
9
7

17
17
-

31
25
6
i

_
-

19
19
_

28
23
5

-

5

21
12
9

-

29
2
27
27
-

2
130
2
122
8
8

-

120
120
-

4
300
4
2
29 8
298

-

120

-

-

18
2
16

102
15
87

84

74

-

84

1
12
1 6 12
-

-

-

-

-

-

74
74

48
48
-

_
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t i o n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h i s p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n t e n t .
B e c a u s e o f t h i s e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l c o n t e n t , th e B u r e a u 's j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d i v id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o t h e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b i l l in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t io n t y p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h i n e s ) t o p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s fr o r m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p li c a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d d i s c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u t e d on th e b il l i n g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ic h a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h i n e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y i n v o l v e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n f o ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b j e c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d i n g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t i f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a i n t a i n a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l t h a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o l o g i c a l ,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v ic e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g t o n R a n d , e t c . , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y th e
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o r k s f r o m u n if o r m
an d sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a le s an d c r e d it s l ip s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

CLERK,

O PERA TO R

C la ss A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f d e b i t a n d c r e d i t i t e m s t o b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h an d .

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a o n th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t i e s i n v o lv e : C a l c u l a t in g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d d a t a o n p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g i n f o r m a t io n s u c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c t io n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s i n c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t i n c lu d in g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b il l i n g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e tc . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t i n g d e p a r t m e n t .

CO M PTOM ETER

O PERATOR

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith t h a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t , in w h ic h , u s e o f t h i s m a c h in e i s in c i d e n t a l t o p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t i e s .

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d er g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ility fo r
k e e p in g on e o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p l e t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e l a t i n g t o on e p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o l v e s p o s t in g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s s u c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
i n v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d i s t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d j u s t i n g , a n d
c l o s i n g j o u r n a l e n t r i e s ; 'a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n tin g c l e r k s .

KEYPUN CH O PERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r i c a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r ib e d a ta fr o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to k e y p u n ch ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s l o w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t , in a d d i t i o n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p li c a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p l e , l o c a t e s o n th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s i n f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m i n e in f o r m a t io n t o b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t i o n s s u c h
a s p o s t in g s i m p le j o u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b l e v o u c h e r s , e n t e r i n g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l l e d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p l e c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a t a . T h i s jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ic h th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w o r k i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c t io n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




O RDER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d ise b y m a il, ph on e, o r p e rso n a lly .
D u t i e s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s t o c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t it i e s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s t o r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s t o b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t t o d e t e r m i n e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s t o s e e t h a t t h e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k s h ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g t o n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a t io n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) t o k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n sa c tio n s.

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m c o n t a in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b j e c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h i s m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y l e a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w rite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k i n c i d e n t a l to b il l i n g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h i n e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h i n e , a s f o l l o w s :

13

14
KEYPUN CH

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C la ss B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to " p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e ric a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e t o k e y p u n c h t a b u l a t i n g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r i n t e r p r e t i n g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g i n f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d o f a n i n d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r
o f o f f ic i a l ) t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d r e d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss
O F F IC E

BO Y

o th e r e q u iv a l e n t l e v e l

C

OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u tin e d u t i e s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s s u c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o i s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a l e n t
to on e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d i n a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l l y n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p lo y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o ft e n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d i v id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l i n c l u d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e l o n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; o r

SEC RETA R Y
o f f ic i a l )

b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n i n d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a l e n t l e v e l o f
t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to on e i n d iv id u a l. M a i n t a i n s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a i l e d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u i d a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y i n c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; (c ) m a i n t a i n s
th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d ) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h i c a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .

a.
a b o u t 25 o r

M ay a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu re an d d iffic u lty .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t i o n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s i t i o n s t h a t a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e d e f i n i t i o n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t i e s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p l e x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f i n i t i o n ;
a n d (e ) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t i e s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s fo l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y i n d i c a t i v e o f t h i s r o l e , d o e s n ot
in a l l c a s e s i d e n t ify s u c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y on i n d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r i n d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss

over

A

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d
o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , OOP b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

seg­

B

o r p r e sid e n t)

of a

s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o f f ic e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t. (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s te n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h i s l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s t o t a k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m on e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e it h e r in s h o r th a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a i n t a i n f i l e s , k e e p s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t i n c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
s u c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c , . r e s e a r c h f r o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h i n e ; arid t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n
copy.
M ay a l s o s e t up an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo l l o w i n g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a t h o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h i s k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t i e s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a i n t a i n i n g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u tin g i n c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r i n g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

O PERATOR

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g i n c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p l e x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d fu n c t io n s t h a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ic h e x t e n s i o n s a r e
a p p ro p ria te fo r c a lls .)

of

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v is i o n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d
30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

S W IT C H B O A R D

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

D

o r p r e sid e n t)

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ) o f a m a j o r
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y t h a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

C la ss

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e i n f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
i f th e fu n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b l e f o r t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t i n e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s i o n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n i s h e d , o r i f c o m p l e x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r . )

15
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t i e s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o t y p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h i s t y p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y t a k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t im e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p l e t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p l e
w irin g fr o m d ia g r a m s and so m e filin g w o rk . T h e w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a w o rk
u n it , f o r e x a m p l e , i n d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o l l a t i n g r u n s o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a t i o n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

GENERAL

O PERA TO R

C la ss A .
O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
i n c lu d in g s u c h m a c h i n e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d i f f i c u l t
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h o ft e n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g t y p e r e ­
q u i r i n g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c i n g o f s t e p s to b e t a k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n i n g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c t i o n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f f i c u l t t a b u l a t i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w i r i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p l e , t a b u l a t i o n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t i n g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a l o n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p l e x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n i n g o f n ew e m p lo y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h i n e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d i c t a t i o n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u l a r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d i c t a t i o n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d i c t a t i o n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S t e n o t y p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r t o m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e t y p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p l i c a t i n g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , s u c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C la ss A .
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo l l o w i n g ; T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f i n a l f o r m w h en it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n i c a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g l a y o u t a n d t y p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s t o m a i n t a i n u n if o r m it y a n d
b a la n c e in s p a c i n g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y i n g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y t y p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e t y p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; a n d s e t t in g u p s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p l e x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D R A FTSM A N
C la ss A .
P l a n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s h a v in g d i s t i n c t i v e d e s i g n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s .
A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , f u n c t io n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r in g d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .
M ay
e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y l o w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a n d c o m p l e x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n -of m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y i n ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u l t ip l e f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f f o u n d a t i o n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d fo r r t iu l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m i n e q u a n t it i e s o f m a t e r i a l s t o b e u s e d , l o a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R e c e i v e s i n i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n i c a l a d e q u a c y .

C la ss C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d r a w i n g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g i n e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t i o n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d i m e n s i o n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s i t i o n i n g o f

c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s re q u ire d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p li c a b l e
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in itia l' a s s i g n m e n t s .
In stru c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A F T SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c i n g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w i n g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m i t e d t o p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e titiv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v is u a liz e d ite m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U RSE,

W o rk i s

c lo se ly

su p e rv ise d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
i n ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c i d e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id
t o th e i l l o r i n ju r e d ; a tt e n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t i o n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t i o n s o f a p p li c a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o u t p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c i d e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a l t h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t i e s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a i n t a i n in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d l a y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s i n g a
v a r ie t y of c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls , an d sta n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ;




CARPENTER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

16
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c t io n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a i n t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d i a g n o s i n g t r o u b l e in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o l o a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s h a n d t o o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a i n t a i n s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g i n e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p l y th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e fr ig e r a tio n , o r a ir- c o n d itio n in g .
W o rk i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a i n t a i n i n g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s te a m e n g in e s, a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g an d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p i n g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t i o n .
M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e t h a n on e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

TRADES

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t i e s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p i n g a w o r k e r s u p p l i e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h i n e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k il l e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e t o t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p l y i n g , l i f t i n g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c l e a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o th e r s he i s p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e rfo r m e d b y w o rk e r s on a fu ll-tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f
m a c h i n e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
P la n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d i f f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p l i c a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , a n d o p e r a t i o n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d t o r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
i n g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o l a n t s a n d c u tt in g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
i n d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d i e jo b b i n g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c l a s s if ic a t io n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d l a y in g o u t o f w o r k ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to
d i m e n s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f i t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t ’ s w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T I V E (M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c l e a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s ; a n d a l i n in g w h e e l s ,
a d j u s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r t ig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o t iv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d t r a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g m a c h i n e s a n d m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t t o d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s m a n t l i n g o r p a r t l y d i s m a n t l i n g m a c h i n e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a i n l y in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o l s in s c r a p i n g a n d f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t i o n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h i n e s h o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r t h e p r o d u c t i o n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d j u s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a i n t e n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e ­
q u ir e s ro u n d ed tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c l u d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t i e s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d j u s t i n g m a c h i n e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d l a y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b l u e p r i n t s o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s i n g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a l i n in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , t h e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in t h e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

grease,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a rin g

su r fa c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d fix tu r e s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk i n ­
v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d i f f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in t in g b y r e m o v i n g o ld f i n i s h o r b y p l a c i n g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a i l h o l e s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t i n g r e d i e n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a i n t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f i t t in g s in a n
e sta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
L a y in g out o f w o rk an d m e a s u r in g to lo ­
c a t e p o s i t i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w i n g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u tt in g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t l e n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m i n e w h e th e r
fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c if ic a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
t io n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk i n v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r ' s s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N I C , A U T O M O T I V E (M A I N T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER ,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f t h e fo l l o w i n g :
E x a m i n i n g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f i t t i n g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d j u s t in g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l l i n g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a i n t a i n s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a i n t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h i n e s ; u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f




M A IN T E N A N C E

17
S H E E T -M E T A L

W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

----C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE

h a n d to o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f i t t i n g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .'
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g

m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; fix tu re m a k e r ;

gage m ak er)

C o n s tr u c ts an d r e p a i r s m a c h in e -sh o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r fo r g in g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

u s i n g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s ta n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ijim e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to d i m e n s i o n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d t o o l i n g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f i n i s h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s t o a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fi t t i n g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l l o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d ed *
t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p
o r e q u iv a l e n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s if ic a t io n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in

t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU ARD AND W ATCHM AN

SH IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G

G u ard .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e it h e r a t f i x e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y .
I n c l u d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t i o n e d a t g a t e an d
c h e c k on i d e n t it y o f e m p lo y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r i n c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u te s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a tio n , an d r a t e ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h i p p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f l a d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e f o r s h i p ­
m en t.
R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y i n g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e j e c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d fi l e s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

JA N IT O R ,

PORTER,

(S w e e p e r;

ro u n d s o f p r e m is e s

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR C LEA N ER

c h arw o m an ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age

C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b i n g , a n d p o l i s h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o t h e r r e f u s e ; d u s t i n g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l i s h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c l e a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t , s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t i e s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo l l o w i n g : L o a d i n g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v i n g ,
o r p l a c i n g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g

w o rk ers a re

c la s sifie d

a s fo llo w s:

c le rk

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c t u r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ,, o r b e t w e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o l o a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d t y p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s fo llo w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)

F IL L E R

(O rd e r p ic k e r ;

sto c k

se le c to r ; w are h o u se

s to c k m a n )

F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f i n i s h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f i l l i n g o r d e r s a n d in d i c a t i n g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d i t i o n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s t o s u p e r v i s o r a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t i e s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TR U CK kR ,
PACKER,

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d l e r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

ORDER,

CLERK

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c i n g t h e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n it s to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c i n g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e t y p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s i n g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r i n g id e n t ify in g
d a t a on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e sta b lish m e n t.

m a n u a lly
m a te r ia ls

c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a

o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o l l o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
p o w e r (o t h e r th a n fo r k l if t )







A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ---T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to rn e y s, c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s, en g in ee rin g te c h n ic ia n s, d ra fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o ff i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 19 68*! S e v e n t y - f i v e
c e n ts a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e low . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in c lu din g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c ted a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d Hour an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffice , W ashington, D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .
Area
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 * ________
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------Allentow n— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J .
B
E
N.
A t l a n t a , G a. , M a y 1968 1-----------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 ----------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1968 1 ___
P
O
B in g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1---------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968----------------------------------B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1-----------------------------------B o s t o n ; M a s s . , S e p t . 1968 1 ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y. , N ov. 1968 1--------------------------------------B u r l i n g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
C an ton , Ohio, J u n e 1968 * _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1968 1-----------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------C h a t ta n o o g a , Tenn. — a . , S e p t . 1968 1 _________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------C i n c in n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M a r . 1968 1-------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1968 * -----------------------------------C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1968 1 -----------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1968 * ----------------------------------------D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------------------------D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1968 1----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------D e s M o in e s , Iowa, F e b . 1968 1---------------------------------D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------F o r t Worth, T e x . , N ov. 1968 1---------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1968 1-----------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1968 * -----------------------------------H oust on, T e x . , J u n e 1968 1--------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1---------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . — a n s . , S e p t. 1968 1----------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. , Ju n e 1968 1--------H
N.
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1------N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. , Nov. 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 -------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1---------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 1----------------------------------------M idlan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * --------------------M ilw au k e e , W is. , A p r . 1968-------------------------------------

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p ric e
1575-84,
157 5 -6 8 ,
157 5 -5 8 ,

35 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
16 2 5 -8 ,
1575-75,
16 2 5 -3 ,
1575-59,
16 2 5 -6 ,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
50
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts

1625-16,
1575-51,
1625-39,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
157 5 -3 3 ,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
30
30
30
35
35
35
30
45
30
30
20
45
30
35

cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

157 5 -6 4 ,
1625-33,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.



A rea
M i n n e a p o l is — t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 ------------------S
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h ts , M i c h . , M ay 1968 1_____
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1968 * --------------New H aven, C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 * ________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
H a m pton , V a. , J u n e 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------Omaha, N e b r . —
Iow a, Oct. 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ------------C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1967 * ------------------------N.
P h o e n ix, A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968--------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a in e, Nov. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash. , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ___________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w tu c k e t— a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
P
W
M
R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1 9 6 8 * ____________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1967 * ------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1 9 6 8 * . .
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1 9 6 8 * ______________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —
111. , J a n . 1968.________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, D e c . 1 9 6 8 -------------------- ----------S a n Antonio, T e x . , Ju n e 1968-----------------------------------S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
Sa n F r a n c i s c o — a kla n d, C a l i f . , J a n . 1968----------------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------Sa v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ______________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W ash. , Nov. 1967 1 __________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. Dak. , Oct. 1968 1 ______________________
South B e n d, I n d . , M a r . 1968 * __________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1 9 6 8 ______________
T o le d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b . 1968________________________
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 * _____________________________
U ti c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ________________________
R
W ashin gton , D. C. —
Md. — a. , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 ______________
V
W a te r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * ________________________
W a te r lo o , Iow a, N ov. 19 6 8 1____________________________
W ichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ju n e 1968 * ________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 * _________________________________
Y ou n g stow n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1 9 6 8 ___,_____________
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
157 5 -4 7 ,
157 5 -6 0 ,
157 5 -5 4 ,
157 5 -3 4 ,
157 5 -4 6 ,
157 5 -7 8 ,

30
30
35
25
30
50

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
157 5 -4 0 ,
157 5 -5 5 ,
157 5 -4 4 ,
1625-20,
157 5 -8 0 ,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
40

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

157 5 -6 1 ,
1625-13,
157 5 -2 7 ,
1 625-2
157 5 -7 0 ,
157 5 -3 9 ,
162 5 -3 6 ,
157 5 -6 9 ,

30
35
25
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts

1625-25,
1625-32,
1575-37,
162 5 -2 1 ,
157 5 -7 3 ,
1625-12,
1575-29,
1625-23,
1575-56,
157 5 -7 9 ,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1575-43,
1625-18,
16 2 5 -1 ,
1625-22,
1575-53,
1625-31,
157 5 -3 1 ,
1575-76,
1575-42,
1625-34,

40
30
25
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
20
30
30
25

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

P O S T A G E A N D F E E S P A ID
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212




I

FIRST CLASS MAIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102