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The INew Haven, Connecticut, Metroplitan Area
January 1969

B u lle t in




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OP LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

r e g io n

h i

P H IL A D E L P H IA

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N.Y. 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The New Haven, Connecticut, M etropolitan Area




Jan uary

1969

B u lle tin No. 1 6 2 5 -3 8
April 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of an n u al
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s .
It
y ie ld s d e taile d d ata by se le c te d in d u stry div isio n for each
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) t h e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s.

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A t the e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p le t io n of a l l of the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h of the m e tr o p o lit a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The second p a rt p r e se n ts
in fo r m a t io n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l t i a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e
U n ited S t a t e s .

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________ ,______
In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A-l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s— e n and
m
w o m e n ________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffice, p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A p pen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s bien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y i n N e w
H a v e n , C o n n ., in J a n u a r y 19 6 9 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t
t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f th e c i t y o f N e w H a v e n ;
and the tow n s of B e th a n y , B r a n f o r d , E a s t H aven, G u ilfo rd ,
H am den, N o rth B r a n fo rd , N orth H aven, O ran ge, W est
H a v e n , a n d W o o d b r i d g e in N e w H a v e n C o u n t y .
T h is study
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e i n B o s t o n ,
M a s s . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V . M u l k e r n ,
A ssista n t R egion al D ir e c to r for O p eration s.




1
3

areas.

N O T E : S im ila r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r.)

are

av ailab le

for

other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in th e N e w H a v e n a r e a
i s a l s o a v a ila b le fo r s e le c t e d food s e r v i c e o c c u p a tio n s
( J a n u a r y 1 9 6 9 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y
le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r b u ild ing c o n str u c tio n ; p rin tin g;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e l p e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

2

4
5
7
8
9
10
12




Area Wage Survey---The New Haven, Conn., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 i n w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e fits on a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in dividual e sta b lish m e n t d ata.

there

is

p o ssib ility

of

d i s c l o s u r e of

O ccu p atio n a l e m p lo y m en t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e
sh if ts . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu ded. W here w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to t h e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h av e b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u rr e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in t h e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
t o n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u factu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rtatio n , co m m u n ic atio n , and other pu b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le t r a d e ;
r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s exclu d ed fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e go v ern m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
havin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a t e tab u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r eac h of
the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t com p o site, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m t h e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w it h in
in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h t h e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w it h in th e
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e giv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e of the f o l ­
low ing t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p ­
tio n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u tie s
w ith in the s a m e jo b .
The occ u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu dy a r e lis te d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g the jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n t h e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y a n d not th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
the s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ica te the r e la t iv e
im p o r ta n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n in g s d a ta .
E st a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
b u lletin .
In fo rm atio n fo r th e se tab u latio n s is co lle c te d bien n ially.
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w om en o ffice w o r k e r s ; shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sc h e d u le d w eek ly h o u r s; paid
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p en sio n p lan s a r e
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U .S . De­
partment of Labor.
p r e s e n t e d (in t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .




1

2




Table 1. Establishments an d W o r k e r s Within Scope of S u r v e y and N u m b e r Studied in N e w H a v e n , ’ C o n n . , 1
b y M a j o r Industry Division, 2 J a nu ar y 1969
Minimum
employment
in establish­
m e n t s in scope
of study

Industry division

All divisions______________________________
_
— - _
—
--Manufacturing-_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g_______________________________
Transportation, c o mm un ic at io n, and
other public utilities 5 ___________________ —
Whol es al e trade 6 ____
.
- _ _ - —
Retail trade 6_
Finance, insurance, an d real estate 6 ______
Services 6 7
. . .

N u m b e r of es tablishments

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study*

Studied

.

Studied
Number

Percent

322

112

7 1 ,1 0 0

100

46 ,6 2 0

50

170
152

47
65

4 2 , 100
2 9 ,0 0 0

59
41

25 ,4 9 0
2 1 , 130

50
50
50
50
50

23
29
52
22
26

15
10
13
13
14

1 1 ,0 0 0
2 ,800
7, 5 0 0
4, 500
3, 200

15
4
11
6
5

10, 150
1 ,2 1 0
4, 100
3,480
2, 190

1 T h e N e w H a v e n Standard Metropolitan Statistical Ar ea , as defined b y the B u r e a u of the B u dg et through J a nu ar y 1968, consists of the city
of N e w Haven; an d the to wn s of Bethany, Branford, Ea s t Ha ve n, Guilford, H a m d e n , No rt h Branford, No rt h Ha ve n, O r an ge , W e s t Ha v e n , and W o o d b r i d g e
in N e w H a v e n County. T h e " w o r k e r s within scope of study" estimates s h o w n in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
composition of the labor force included in the survey. T h e estimates are not intended, h o we ve r, to serve as a basis of c o m p a r i s o n with other
e m p l o y m e n t indexes for the ar ea to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t trends or levels since (1) planning of w a g e surveys requires the use of establishment data
co mp i l e d considerably in ad va nc e of the payroll period studied, an d (2) small establishments are excluded f r o m the scope of the survey.
2 T h e 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification M a n u a l w a s us e d in classifying establishments b y industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total e m p l o y m e n t at or above the m i n i m u m limitation. All outlets (within the area) of c o m p a n i e s in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and mo t i o n picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all w o r k e r s in all establishments with total e m p l o y m e n t (within the area) at or above the m i n i m u m limitation.
5 Taxicabs an d services incidental to wa t e r transportation w e r e excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" an d "n onmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not m a d e for one or m o r e of the following reasons: (1) E m p l o y m e n t in the division is too small to provide en ou gh data
to me r i t separate study, (2) the s a m p l e w a s not designed initially to pe r m i t separate presentation, (3) resp on se w a s insufficient or inadequate to
p e r m i t separate presentation, an d (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels an d motels; laundries an d other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, an d parking; m o t i o n pictures; nonprofit
m e m b e r s h i p organizations (excluding religious an d charitable organizations); a nd engineering and architectural services.

Ab ou t three-fifths of the w o r k e r s within scope of the su rv ey in the N e w H a v e n area
w e r e e m p l o y e d in manufacturing firms.
T h e following presents the m a j o r industry groups
an d specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Transportation e q u i p m e n t ---O r d n a n c e and accessories---Electrical e q ui pm en t and

Specific industries
20
14

Aircraft and pa rt s---------- —

19
. 14

Cutlery, handtools, and
5

A p p a r e l and other textile
Fabricated me t a l p r od uc ts___ 8
P r i m a r y m e t a l industries---8
R u b b e r and plastics
pr od u c t s _____________________
7
Printing an d publishing---------- 5

Nonfer ro us rolling and
__
4
Tires and inner tubes-------__ 4

This information is b a s e d on estimates of total e m p l o y m e n t derived f r o m universe
materials comp il ed prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m a y
differ f r o m proportions b a s e d o n the results of the su rv ey as s h o w n in table 1 above.

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a te of the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e en the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , ex c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e p l on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im it a t io n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w eight b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t
i n th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n stan t w eights re fle c t b a s e y e a r
em p loy m en ts w h e rev er p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lt ip lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w eig h t, an d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r t h e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e earn in g s
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n ge , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declined b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly, w ages
m a y h ave r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cledcs, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cledcs, order
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Pipefitters
Cledcs, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the d a ta .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for ov ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
i n N e w H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n u a r y 1 9 6 9 a n d J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexes
( F e b r u a r y 1961 = 100)
In d u stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group

Jan uary
1969

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e

Jan u ary
1968

Jan u ary
1968
to
Jan uary
1969

Jan u ary
1967
to
Jan u ary
1968

Jan uary
1966
to
Jan u ary
1967

Jan u ary
1965
to
Jan u ary
1966

Jan u ary
19 6 4
to
Jan uary
1965

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m en )_
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ________ ___
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

1 2 9 .1
1 3 9 .8
1 3 1 .6
1 3 1 .8

122.8
131.9
124.6
123.0

5.1
6 .0
5 .6
7 .2

5.0
6.7
4.7
4.6

3 .3
4.0
4.0
3 .6

3 .7
5.1
3 .8
1.7

2 .5
4.3
1.9
2.0

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____ _ _
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

128.5
139.0
129.4
1 3 4 .5

121.9
131.6
122.6
126.7

5.4
5 .7
5 .5
6 .2

5 .6
7 .9
4.6
6.3

2.4
3 .6
3 .6
3 .0

1.3
4.3
3 .7

2 .3
5 .5
1.1
1.6

Jan u ary
1963
to
Jan u ary
1964
A ll in d u s tr ie s :
__________________________________ —
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) -----I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __ __________________________________ __________________________________ ________________________________
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________ __________________________________ __________________________________ ________________________________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __
_ _____ __ —
M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________




3 .3

Jan u ary
1962
to
Jan u ary
1963

1 . 0

F ebruary
1961
to
Jan u ary
1962

F ebruary
1960
to
F ebruary
1961

3 .2
4.6

2.4
3 .5
2.4
3 .8

0 .7
3 .8
2 .5
.8

3 .4
3 .8
4.4
.8

5 .3
1.5
3 .4
7 .4

1.3
1.5
2 .2
2 .3

2 .0
3 .7
1.9
2 .6

3 .4
3 .3
4 .1
2 .2

1 . 0

5
A. O ccupational Earnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e ek ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew H a v e n , C on n . , J a n u a r y 1969)
We ekl y e ar ni ng s 1
(standard)
umber

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

ckers

N um ber

A ve rage
weekly
standard)

t
60
M ean 2

Me d ia n 2

Mi ddl e range 2

t

%
65

70

$

t

$
75

80

$
85

receivin g

of w orkers

t
90

$
95

str a ig h t -tim e

S
100

i
105

no

w ee k ly

115

earn in gs

S

s

t

120

of-

s
125

*
130

S
140

t

$
150

160

t

$
170

180

and
under
65

190
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

-

-

5
3

8
6

4

i
i

9

“

over

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

5

2

6

7

3

1

22
2

2
1

3
3

1
1

-

1

53
6

-

-

~

-

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

9

~

”

“

MEN
$

$

$

1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

8 7 .5 0
8 9 . 50

8 5 .0 0

3 8 .0

8 6 .0 0

25

3 9 .0

1 1 7 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------

37

3 9 .5

8 9 .0 0

8 3 .5 0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS A -------------------------

31

3 9 .5

1 0 1 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS B ------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------

79

3 8 .0

R 4 .0 0

4 2

4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0

2 14

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

1 1A
27

4 0 .0

OFFICE BOYS --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

61
44

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------WOMEN

CLERKS, A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A —
MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING

-----------------------

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING, C L A S S B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

CLERKS,

3 9 .5

3 8 .5

3 9 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

221
87
134

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

3 9 .0

35

3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

8 1
1 3 3

$

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

7 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

2

7

8
6

5
4

_

6

10
6

8

~

2
2

9

7 7 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

"

-

-

-

-

2

1

4

i

4

-

1

8

4

-

9 7 .5 0

8

4

-

2

7

4

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

9 4 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

7

1

16

-

i

-

-

4

9 0 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 -

9 4 .0 0

6

15

8

4

26

5

3

4

i

7 4 .0 0 -

9 2 .5 0

5
5

2

7 8 .5 0

2

5

13

-

1

13

1

-

i

i

_

-

2
2

8
7

6
4

15
5

11
8

15
8

16
4

25
15

7

-

2
2

14

-

12
2

1
6

1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
8
8
8
8

5
5
4
3

6 7 .0 0 -

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
-

66

6
-

_

_

_

_

_

13

-

-

-

-

-

2

10

3

7

12

10

21

53

6

-

“

-

-

24
7

12
3
9

1
-

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

3

2

-

-

-

i

6

3

2

5

2

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

i
i

-

9 4 .0 0

5
1
4
2

3
3
-

7 8 .5 0 -

5
2
3
1

2
-

17

27
11
16

6
3

7

22
15
7

-

-

-

-

-

7 1 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 -

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

_

16

-

7

28
24

8 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

17
17

12
9

7 1 .5 0 -

9 1 .0 0

16

5
-

_

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

2
2

_

-

5
5

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

71

7 1 .5 0

7 2 .0 0

O R D E R ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

81
31
50

3 9 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 8 7 .5 0

CLERKS,
P A Y R O L L ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

156

COMPTO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

7 4 .5 0

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

77

3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ------------

144

3 9 .0

55
89

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 9 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 8 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

232
86
146

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

8 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

49
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 5 .0 0




-

1

6 7 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 -

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le .

-

56
24

7 3 .0 0

OFFICE GIRLS ------NO NM ANUFACTURING

-

"

7 3 .0 0

8 7 .0 0

-

19
10
9

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 8 .0 0

-

-

86

3 9 .0

-

27
8
19

C --------------------------------

80

-

“

F IL E ,
CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

9 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

-

4
4

7 4 .5 0

107
49

~

-

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

9 8 .5 0

_

”

7
-

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

_

9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

70
56

CLERKS,

_
~

7 9 .5 0 8 1 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 -

B --------------------------------

CLERKS,

_
“

.0 0
.5 0
.5 0
. 50

FILL,

CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

-

n

_

24
24

1 5
10
10

16

-

16
6
10

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

_

_

2

-

-

2

12
12

-

-

-

8 1 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

-

_

-

5
5

16
12
4

1
1

7
-

6
3

-

3

5

24

9

18
6

5
4

13
7
6

7
1

6
6

6
-

10
9

-

16
10

20
11
9

8

12
4

"

6

i

3
2
1

4
4

25
23

4
4

_

6
5

i
i

i

_

1

8

7

_

i

-

1

13
13

8

7

-

1
-

15
5

24

6
4
2

5

-

31

_

_

_

_

1

20
13
7

2
3

*

31

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

_

-

_

_

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

-

-

-

13
-

-

13

7 9 .0 0 8 1 .5 0 7 8 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

-

2

-

2

8 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 -

9 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

2

6

19

“

2

16

22
7

43
8

15

-

4

3
11
6

7

_

8 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

n

-

5

26

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

10
7

16

10
10

8 1 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

32
11

35
2
1

55

25

18
37

11
14

2
1

-

~
29
20
9

10

11
13

21
12
9

28
19

16

13

3

1

5

2

11

11

i
2

1

9

6
6

6
6

-

_

-

-

~

~

5
5

~

“

i
i

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

3

-

_

-

-

-

_

“

~

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

~

“

“

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t - t im e w e ek ly h o u rs an d e a r n in g s by s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , N ew H a v e n , C on n . , J a n u a r y 1969)
W eekly e arn in g s*
(standard )

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w oikers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e ek ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

A ve rage
w eekly
(stan dard )

$

M e d ian 2

M ean2

-

668

130

140

150

160

170

1 ---- i
180
190

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190 over

10
8
2
-

44
20
24
6

42
17
25
6

50
36
14

87
47
40
7

57
38
19
3

63
47
16
1

56
44
12
1

46
27
19
4

47
21
26
10

62
40
22
13

39
24
15
10

33
10
23
22

11
11
7

3
1
2
2

9
9
9

2
2
2

-

-

“

2
2
-

14
8
6

4
2
2

9
5
4

12
9
3

4
i
3

1
1

“

3
3

2
l
1

9
9

2
2

5
5

7
3
4

7
5
2

16
6
10

14
5
9

12
10
2

17
12
5

17
8
9

26
17
9

26
20
6

10
9
i

7
7

1
1

-

-

_
-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$

t

$

t

$

t

$

t

t

and

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

-

33

3 8 .0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 5 2 .5 0 . 1 4 8 .5 0

170
100
70

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

A

----------------------------

-----------------------------------

1 3 9 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 8 7 .0 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

“

----------------------------

232

3 9 .0

1 1 4 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

_

-

_

_

-------------------------------------------

137

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------PUBLIC
U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------------

96
40

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 0 .0 0
1 3 9 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES,
C L A S S D ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------PUBLIC
U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------------

204
114

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

-

-

-

90
27

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N F R A L ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------

193

3 8 .5

56
137
92

3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

100
1 0 2
9 9
103

STENOGRAPHERS,
S E N I O R -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

124

3 9 .5

87
37

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING

C

-----------------------------------

1 4 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

9
9
8
9

3
7
9
1

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-

1
1
1
1

1
1
0
3

0
0
9
7

.
.
.
.

0
5
0
5

0
0
0
0

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

20
20
19

1
1
-

-

4
2
2
“

27
9
18
6

23
10
13
6

29
21
8
-

44
27
17
3

20
16
4
1

19
18
1
-

9
9

1
1
1

7
7
4

3
3
3

2
2
2

-

-

-

9
2
7
1

_
-

~

27
8
19
8

28
7
21
12

10
5
3

15
1
14
4

12
6
6
2

8
4
4
4

15
8
7
7

6
5
1
1

13
6
7
7

12
3
9
9

18
1
17
17

2
2
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

12
9
3

18
15
3

25
21
4

21
15
6

18
13

7
5
2

4
i
3

8
8
■

4
.4

3
3

~

2
2

-

_
-

_
*

_
-

3

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

2
2

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

_
-

-

_
*

_
-

6

12

_

-

-

_

2

4 j.O
3 8 .0

9 5 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

2

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

-

1

-

2

6

5

6

5

2

2

7 6 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 -

9 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

2
2

2
2

4
4

9
9

5
5

9
9

_

2
2

_
-

-

2
-

34
19
15

13
12
1

15
10
5

22
11
11

2
2
“

1
1

1
1

_

~

9 0 .5 0

8 9 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

_

_

3

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-

-

3

7
-

51

3 9 .0

9 2 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

3 8 .5

~

~

“

7

_

2
2

7
2

12
8

12
6

20
16

8
8

6
6

_

*

37

23
14
9

49
31
18

49
26
23

17
12
5

9
4
5

i
i

44
14
30
1

44
4
40
9

31
10
21
9

27
8
19
1

31
21
10
3

i
i
-

8 4 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -

9 9 .0 0

-

8 1 .0 0 8 4 .5 0 7 8 .0 0 -

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

-

8 8 .0 0

9 1 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

8 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

3 7 .5

8 9 .5 0

_

4
-

10
-

4

10

17
20

-------------------------------------------

356

3 8 .0

8 2 .5 0

8 0 .5 0

7 5 .0 0 -

9 1 .0 0

-

17

74

83

90
266
60

39. 5
3 7 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

8 7 .0 0
7 9 . 50

7 6 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
7 4 .5 0 8 8 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 9 0 .0 0

-

3
14

18
56
28

74

3 8 .5

7 4 .5 0

5

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

_

9 1 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

3 8 .0

5

17
6
11

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

-

~

4

9
4

_

_

-

*

5
5

6
6
-

3
3
-

8
7
1

6
6

3
2
1
“

-

_

1
1

-

4
4

-

1

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f l e c t the w o rk w e ek fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p ay fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e ek ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the r a t e show n .
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e l y .




_

6
5

-

9 2 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------------

6
3
3
3

1 9 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 9 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

226
120
106

17
14
3
2

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

3 9 .5

-----------------------------------

20
8
12
8

2
15

117
66

NONMANUFACTURING

16
11
5
2

10

SW IT CHB OA RD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

TYPISTS,
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

21
17
4
i

-

8 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

72
53

28
22
6
i

-

1 0 2 .5 0

-----------------------------------

21
16
5

8 8 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

17

8 6 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING

36
15
21
4

1 0 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

10
-

1 0 2 .0 0

-----------------------------------

14
12
2
“

-

3 8 .5

NONMANUFACTURING

14
7
7
“

-

4 1 .5
4 2 .0

TPANSCR I RING-MACHINE O PE RAT OR S,
G E N F R A L --------------------------------------------------------------

17
11
6

8 4 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

33

A

1
1
-

_

9 6 .5 0

41
38

CLASS

-

-

0
0
0
0

.0
.0
.0
.5

---------

OPERATORS,

_

5
5

-

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

PUBLIC

125

7

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

B

120

-

1 1 4 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0

62
29

CLASS

115

-

1 1 9 .0 0

103

CLASS

SECRETARIES,
C L A S S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

TYPISTS,

no

-

$
$
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD

105

80

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

MANUFACTURING

100

75

s

s

95

70

$

and
under

M iddle range 2

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

-----------------------------------

SECRETARIt S,

S
90

80

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

380
288

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

%

85

75

CONTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 ------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

SECRETARIES,

*

$
70

65
WOME N

»
65

60

_
-

7

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, N e w Haven, Conn., January 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Under

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*
100

100

and
under

_______ 105

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------MA NUFACTURING ----------------

30
30
53
47
34

110

115

115

-

120

120

125

125

130

130

135

135

140

140

145

1<r3

150

130

155

133

160

160

163

170

173

180

185

165

190

195

and
170

175

180

185

190

195 o v e r

39.5 124.50 127.00 114.00-140.00

59
44

-

40.0 135.00 136.50 127.00-147.50
40.0 132.50 134.50 126.00-144.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------

110

-

$
$
$
$
40.0 180.00 181.00 169.00-186.00
40.0 180.00 181.00 169.00-186.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------MA NU FACTURING ----------------

105

39.5 133.00 134.00 119.50-145.00
40.0 129.50 129.00 11 8.00-140.00

W0MFN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (RFGISTEREO)
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------

Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
weekly hours.
Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.




8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, N e w Haven, Conn., January 1969)
Average
Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
( t da ' (standard)
s an rd

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

AO
26
31

Average

Occupation and industry division

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

233
87
1A6

38.5
AO.O
38.0

$
87.00
88.50
86.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GI R L S ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

110
28
82
37

39.0
AO.O
38.5
39.5

85.00
77.00
87.50
91.50

S E C R E T A R I E S 3--------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

67 A
380
29A
108

39.0
AO.O
38.0
39.0

116.00
113.50
119.50
139.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

63
29
3A

39.0 1A1.00
AO.O 127.50
38.0 152.00

SECRETARIES, CL AS S B -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

170
100
70

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard]

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CONTINUED

SWITCH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

35

$
38.5 104.00

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

41
38

41.5
42.0

86.00
84.00

SW ITCHBOARD O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

117
51

39.5
39.5
39.0

90.50
92.50
88.00

T A B U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------

37
30

39.0 118.00
39.0 122.00

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------- ---------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------

72
53

38.5
38.0

39.0 125.00
AO.O 125.50
38.0 12A.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

235
120
115
41

39.0 92.00
40.0
91.00
38.0
92.50
39.0 105.00

23 A
137
97
A1

39.0
AO.O
38.0
38.5

11A.50
111.00
120.00
139.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

356
90
266
60

38.0
39.5
37.5
38.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------— ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------- — . ^

207
11A
93
30

39.5
39.5
39.0
AO.O

102.50
101.50
103.00
11A.50

PR OF ES SI ON AL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

98.00
98.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

194
57
137
92

38.5 100.00
39.5 102.50
38.0
99.00
39.0 103.50

39.0
99.50
AO.O
9A.50
38.5 102.00

STENOGRAPHERS, S E NI OR --------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

125
88
37

39.5 103.00
AO.O 101.00
38.0 108.50

39.5
39.5

$
92.50
97.00

39.5 101.00

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---- -------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

79
A2

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

328
108
220

39.5 121.50
AO.O 111.00
39.0 127.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------

263
97
166
38

39.5
AO.O
39.0
39.0

9A. 50
91.50
96.50
88.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

70
56

38.0
38.0

75.00
75.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

88
73

38.5
38.5

73.00
72.00

CLERKS, OROER ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

119
57
62

39.5
98.50
39.5 113.50
39.5
8A.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

163
111
52

39.5
98.50
39.5
97.00
38.5 102.00

CO MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

80
77

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A MA NU FACTURING ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------

1A8
55
93

38.0
AO. 0

39.0
39.0

8A.00
79.50

91.00
94.00

82.50
87.00
81.00
80.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

30
30

40.0 180.00
40.0 180.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

53
47

40.0 135.00
40.0 132.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------

34

39.5 124.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

61
46

39.5 133.50
40.0 130.00

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , N ew H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n u a r y 1 9 6 9 )
Hourly earnings 1
Number
O c c u p a tio n a n d i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n

woikers

Mean2 Median 2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of w o rk er s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
s
i
$
s
%
S
t
»
*
S
*
$
1
t
*
t
*
S
*
*
1
2 . 2 0 2.30 2. 40 2. 5 0 2. 60 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0
.90 3.00 3. 1 0 3. 20 3.30
.40 3. 5 0 3 .60 3. 70 3.80 3 .90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 2 0 4. 3 0
and
under
2. 30 2. 40 2 . 5 0 2.60' 2 . 7 0 2. 8 0 2. 9 0

73
55

$
3. 20
3.15

$
3.29
3.33

$
$
3 . 0 8 - 3.41
2 . 6 9 - 3.43

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

152
149

3.48
3.48

3. 53
3.52

3 . 2 2 - 3. 82
3 . 2 2 - 3. 83

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

103
70
33

3.32
3.30
3.36

3.42
3.38
3.46

3 . 1 5 - 3.49
2 . 9 9 - 3.48
3 . 4 1 - 3.51

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ■
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

66
64

2.84
2.83

2.83
2.82

2 . 4 8 - 2.90
2 . 4 8 - 2.88

HE LP E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

86
68

2.82
2.73

2.82
2.77

2 . 6 6 - 2. 99
2 . 6 2 - 2. 92

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

194
154

3.40
3.29

3.39
3.28

3 . 0 8 - 3.59
3 . 0 5 - 3.47

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------

225
169
136

3.51
3.63
3.63

3.52
3.65
3.67

3 . 2 7 - 3.79
3 . 4 7 - 3.83
3 . 4 9 - 3.82

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

269
245

3.53
3.52

3.56
3.54

3 . 2 3 - 3.75
3 . 2 1 - 3.75

M I L L W R I G H T S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

67
67

3.18
3.18

3.13
3.13

O I L E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

59
59

2.71
2.71

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30

3.40

.50 3. 60 3 .70 3.80 3. 90 4 .00 4. 10 4. 20 4. 30 4 . 4 0

-

-

-

-

15
15

2
2

-

-

2
1

4
4

14
-

18
18

8
7

3
3

3
3

4
2

“

-

_

_

-

_

4
4

-

-

1
1

2
2

26
26

25
25

7
7

2
2

34
33

5
5

2
-

29
29

7
7

-

4
4
-

8
5
3

8
8
“

38
20
18

15
9
6

-

2
2

1
l

2
2

-

-

1
1

7
7

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

2
3

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20
-

21
21

-

-

5
5

27
27

3
-

1

-

13
13

2
“

6
6

17
17

11
10

14
14

8
5

5

2

-

3

8
8

6
6

_

11
11

29
29

13
13

13
13

20
20

22
22

26
“

~

14
14

5
1
1

28
-

21
6
6

6
5
4

40
39
23

22
22
20

19
17
17

53
53

34
34

15
15

6
5

38
25

6
6

3
3

8
8

7
7

2
2

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

“

“

*

“

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

8
3
3

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

5
5

2 . 9 5 - 3.43
2 . 9 5 - 3.43

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

16
16

7
7

2.71
2.71

2 . 5 4 - 2.81
2 . 5 4 - 2.81

3
3

1
1

4
4

18
18

2
2

16
16

7
7

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

“

8
8

“

-

1
1
“

-

“

-

-

"

-

-

“

“

“

_

-

-

-

-

6
4

14
14

-

1
-

2
~

9

23
23
21

33
33
33

14
14
2

1
1
1

5
5
5

10
9

78
75

_

13
7

-

-

16
16

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

“

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

1
l

“

-

-

~

-

“

-

-

“

-

”

23

3.27

3.29

3 . 1 6 - 3. 5 7

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

5

4

2

-

6

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

94
94

3.44
3.44

3.40
3.40

3 . 3 2 - 3. 6 6
3 . 3 2 - 3.66

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

2
2

7
7

19
19

1
l

-

-

“

29
29

-

-

7
7

-

-

10
10

-

-

2
2

TO OL AN D DIE M A K E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

242
242

3.61
3.61

3.60
3.60

3 . 3 8 - 3.80
3 . 3 8 - 3.80

_

_

_

1
1

6
6

14
14

15
15

29
29

19
19

37
37

42
42

18
18

7
7

19
19

20
20

5
5

2
2

6
6

PAINTERS,

M A I N T E N A N C E ------

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h i f t s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , t a b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .




_

-

2
2

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, N e w Haven, Conn. , January 1968)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H ourly e a r n in g sc

Occupation1 and industry division

S

N um ber
of
workers

$

1.60
and
under

M e d ia n 5

t

(

s

i

i

i

i

i

t

t

i

i

i

i

(

t

t

t

*

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.90 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50

*

$

3.60 3.80 4.00
-

*

and

1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.80 4.00 over
$

$

336

1.99
2.53
1.82

1.84
2.38
1.80

1.75- 2.16
2.32- 2.82
1.72- 1.86

GUARDS:
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

88

2.52

2.37

2.32- 2.85

-

-

-

-

-

15

-

44

-

-

-

4

8

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES4 ---------------

1,085
227
858
60

2.01
2.43
1.90
2.65

1.93
2.38
1.84
2.68

1.742.221.722.61-

2.24
2.81
2.06
2.85

176
9
167
“

225
3
222
~

117
17
100
2

99
2
97
~

113
11
102
~

53
8
45
7

81
35
46

46
35
11
2

15
2
13
“

37
31
6
2

32
10
22
22

12
7
5
3

31
15
16
16

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

206
184

1.79
1.74

1.73
1.72

1.66- 1.83
1.66- 1.79

84
82

67
65

16
14

4
4

10
10

3
-

10
2

-

2
-

2
-

5
5

2
2

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NUFACTURING — ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

912
562
350

2.63
2.61
2.65

2.37
2.37
2.30

2.25- 3.31
2.31- 2.86
2. 09 - 3.33

4

15
4
ii

28
10
18

101
41
60

16
10
6

121
46
75

238
237
1

13
12
1

26
26
-

9
6
3

13
8
5

36
35
1

11

4

3
3

FILLERS ------------------------

60

2.83

2.48

2. 31 - 3.55

-

-

-

2

2

10

1

4

15

-

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

178
166

2.44
2.48

2.39
2.41

2. 31 - 2.51
2. 33 - 2.52

_

3

6
6

13
6

2
2

12
11

54
54

39
39

24
24

-

-

3
2

~

4
4

PACKERS,

(WOMEN) ----------

138

2.10

1.88

1.84- 2.43

-

i

82

-

6

4

-

-

42

-

-

2

RECE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

56
43

2.82
2.76

2.84
2.82

2.75- 2.96
2.73- 2.88

-

-

_

3
3

-

1
1

-

3
2

2
2

_

-

-

10
10

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

72
50

3.04
2.87

2.89
2.79

2.68- 3.49
2.61- 3.21

_

-

-

-

7
7

SHIPPING AND RE CEIVING CL ER KS ----MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

64
38
26

2.84
2.71
3.02

2.79
2.77
2.85

2. 72 - 2.99
2.71- 2.93
2.74- 3.06

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKDRI VERS5 ------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4 ---------------

1,150
224
926
490

3.28
2.89
3.38
3.58

3.37
2.86
3.71
3.72

2.872. 79 3. 22 3.37-

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

260
29
231

2.74
2.48
2.78

2.57
2.39
2.58

2.23- 3.34
2.28- 2.69
2.20- 3.35

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MA NU FACTURING —
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG

ORDER

SHIPPING

438
102

3.75
3.26
3.76
3.76

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

123
36

3.05
2.71

2.86
2.71

2.81- 2.89
2.57- 2.86

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

412
352

3.59
3-66

3.74
3.75

60

110

138

10

60

110

138

10

~

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of table.




167
83
35

3.19
3.45
3.15

3.14
3.69
3.05

2.86- 3.69
3.14- 3.81
2. 91 - 3.73

~

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

13
12

5
_

3

-

-

-

-

~

3

3

~

~

~

3
~

3
“

3
“

“

“

“

”

1
”

“

”

“

“

_

_

_

_

”

“

~

_
~

"

-

2
2
2

1
1
1

_

_

_

”

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

1
1

7
6

-

2
2

9
9

i
l
-

7
7
-

12
7
5
5

77
23
54
-

152
87
65
5

15
5
10
9

6
1
5

3
3
"

2
1
1

-

_

-

12
7
5
“

2
”

~

-

-

3
i
2

~

~

“

-

-

ID
3
7

”

_

-

1

24
19
3

70
10

_

_
-

-

4
-

4
4

_

_
-

-

10
9

7
7

_

_
-

i
i

10
10

8
7

5
5

_

_

-

8
8

3
-

4
4

_

_

-

-

_

22
18

2
2

“

-

_

_
-

7
7

53
2
51

-

_

4

-

20
1
19

3

-

_

2

-

30

-

3

-

_

-

-

30

3

-

3

-

_

2

-

13
6
7

3

-

-

i

176
53
123

-

11
7
4

3

-

-

_

32
10
22

_

15
15

6

-

1

_

31
12
19
“

_

i
i

-

34
4
30
~

“

-

46
42
4
4

-

16
8
8
3

-

i

11

16
9
7
3

“

-

n

2
1
1

53
2
51
1

_

3.43- 3.78
3.72- 3.78

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4 ---------------

19
18
-

_
2
-

2
13
-

13
12

2
-

-

6
3
3

60
60
-

1

1

7

n

_

_

_

_

-

1
-

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

10
-

7
2

-

1
-

-

_

_

_

_

2

3

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2

3

161
45
116
116

1

4

459

60

10

-

-

i
L

4

_

-

-

-

2
2

“

2
2

10
”

“

1
1

2
-

65
42

25
-

65
5
5

9
9
9

2
2
2

7
5
5

12
12
-

20

-

100

-

-

459
325

60

10
10

-

_

-

_

5

-

-

-

10
-

-

5

100
-

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

i
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

16
-

“
i
L

-

-

-

-

-

270
270

38
38

4
4
-

21
21
11

22
22
-

-

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u stry d iv is io n , N ew H aven , Conn. , J a n u a r y 1969)

1
z
3
4
5

D ata Limited to m e n workers except where otherwise indicated.
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e foo tn o te Z, ta b le A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
In clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and typ e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t an d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s : b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th an a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
an d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d an d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d ty p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e of th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k . M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y han d.

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s "~or~~partly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o ut w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a tio n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d co d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , an d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s not to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; an d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g tE e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e of b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

12

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n ch m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

13
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n ch m a c h in e to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u ir e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t) f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SECRETA RY
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t ie s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e fo ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ’ s f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e an d d if f ic u lt y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu s i o n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o no t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p of p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
an d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t it le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a tiv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tif y su c h p o s it i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in it io n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
of a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w the o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l. D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . (S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t if i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d ro u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c . D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

14
T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f ilin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g so m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s no t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk an d p r o d u c tio n of a g r o u p o f t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s ah d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l fo r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l la b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N ---- C o n tin u e d

D R A FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts an d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

I N D U S T R I A L (R E G I S T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s an d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t an d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s of w o r k ; an d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o rk . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

15
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e i n s t a l la t io n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s of
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o ile r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s an d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d to o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; an d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g an d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t in g
w r it te n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t.
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g an d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t of a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
of th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g an d f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f th e w o rk ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g an d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l lin g an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , an d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p ip e fit t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u tt in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; an d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l lin g an d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W ork in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , an d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t an d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
out a ll ty p e s of s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i la b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

16
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u ed

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u rin g fa b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o lr o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU A R D AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a tio n e d a t g a te and
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f il e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C LE A N E R

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s an d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r IV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( I V2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PO W ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift )

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w ag e s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the W age an d H o ur an d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in gton , D. C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 ------- —__________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * _________
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------A lle n tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1968 1________ _______________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 __________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1968 1 ____
P
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N. Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968__________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1______________________ -____
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ____________________________
B u f f a l o , N. Y. , N ov. 1968 1______________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
C an to n , Ohio, J u n e 1968 1______ -____—___ _______________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1968 1_______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , A p r . 1968 1___________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . — a . , S e p t . 1968 1 _________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------C i n c in n a t i , Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * --------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1968 1___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1968 1 ______________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
D ay ton , Ohio, J a n . 1968 1-----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________
D e t r o i t , M ic h . , J a n . 1968 1 _____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1968 1------------- ----------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
H o u sto n , T e x . , J u n e 1968 1______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1968 1_________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1 _________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , Mo. — a n s . , S e p t . 1968 * _________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _______
H
N.
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * _____
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky. —
Ind. , N o v . 1 9 6 8 _______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 1968 * _____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 * ---------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1968 1_______________________________
M id la n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1968 1________________
M i l w a u k e e , W is. , A p r . 1968____________________________
l

Bu lletin num ber
and p ric e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1625-35,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
50
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
1575-51,
1625-39,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1625-40,
1575-49,
1625-37,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
30
30
30
35
35
35
30
45
35
30
35
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-64,
1625-33,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ------------------ S
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1968 1_____
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 * __________ N ew H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 9 ____ -__________ -__ —
___ —
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
N ew Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ____ ___ ___________ _________
O k la h o m a C ity , O k la . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ---------------- -------------Om aha, N e b r .—
Iow a, O ct. 1968 1 _____________________ —
P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y 1968 1 _________
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1967 1 —----- ----------------N.
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1___________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968______________________ ___ ____
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N ov. 1 9 6 8 _________________ __ . . . . __ __
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash . , M a y 1968 1____________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t — a r w ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1967 1 __________ __ _____ ________ _
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 LR o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1968 1_______________________ ___ ____
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., J a n . 1968---------------------------------S a l t L a k e C i t y , U tah, D e c . 1 9 6 8 ________________________
S a n A n to n io , T e x . , J u n e 1968 -----------------------------------S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ___-_________ -_____________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1968 __________ ___
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1968 1 ______________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W ash. , N ov. 1967 1 _______________ ___
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S . D ak . , Oct. 1968 1 _______________ ______
So u th B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________-________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ____________________ __ _____
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 _________ _____
T o l e d o , Ohio— ic h . , F e b . 1968___________________ _____
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1__________________________ ___
U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------R
W a sh in gto n , D. C . —
Md. — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 _______________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, N ov. 1968 *_____________________________
W ich ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1__________________________________
Y o u n g sto w n — a r r e n , Ohio, N o v . 1 9 6 8 _________________
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1625-38,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
30
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2
1575-70,
1575-39,
1625-36,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
1575-37,
1625-21,
1575-73,
1625-12,
1575-29,
1625-23,
1575-56,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1575-43,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1575-53,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1575-76,
1575-42,
1625-34,

40
30
25
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
FIRST CLASS M AIL

O F F IC IA L

B U S I N ESS





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102