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Area Wage Survey

I lie Jacksonville, F lorida, Metropolitan Area
Ja n u a r y

1969

J a c k s o n v i l le

H u I let i

No.

1625-37




U N IT E D STATES DEPAR TM ENT OF LABOR
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

R E G IO N IN
P M U .A O E U P H 1 A

Region I
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
Government Center
New York, N.Y. 10001
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Deaiborn St.
Federal Office Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Jackson ville, Florida, M etropolitan Area




January

1969

B u lle tin No. 1 6 2 5 - 3 7
A p r i l 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shu Itz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H . Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 402 - Price 35 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s .
It
y ie ld s d e taile d d a ta by se le c t e d in d u stry d iv isio n for each
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into ( 1 ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and le v e l of w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u str y d iv is io n s .
At th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r each a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a rt s u m m a r y b ulletin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n ited S t a t e s .
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s b ien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , in J a n u a r y 1969- T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t th ro u gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s o f D u val County.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in A t l a n t a , G a . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f D o n a l d M .
C r u s e , A s s is ta n t R egion al D ire c to r for O p eration s.




I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________

1
5

T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _____________________________________________________
In d e x e s of sta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s:
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n ______________
m
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v is io n s :
B -l.
M in im u m e n tran c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffice
w o r k e r s ______________________________________________________
B - 2. S h i ft d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s _________________________________________________
B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ______________________
B - 7 . M ethod of w ag e d e t e r m in a t io n and f r e q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t ______________________________________________________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

a r e a v a ila b le for other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the J a c k s o n v i l l e a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s ; an d
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a ll i e d o c c u p a tio n s.

4
6
7
9
10
11
12

13
14
15
16
17
20
21
23




Area Wage Survey---The Jacksonville, Fla., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h th e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n icatio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u str y g r o u p s exclu ded f r o m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h av in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o ccu p a tip n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in clu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of t h e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p atio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i .e . , th o se h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e . e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of pay
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e ra g e w ee k ly e a r n ­
in gs fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e e n ro u n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t com p o site, areaw ide e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u ties p e r f o r m e d , altho ugh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
t h a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c p s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e below the m in im u m s i z e stu d ied .
O c cu p atio n s and E a r n in g s
Th e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e of th e
fo llow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in t h e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the jo b t it le s a r e fo r a ll i n d u s t r ie s c o m b in ed . E a r n i n g s d a ta fo r so m e
of th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e
of i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e of the s t u d y an d not t h e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n ly to i n d i c a t e
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y of th e
e a r n in g s data.
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New Yorit State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s t h e y
r e l a t e to p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w ork fo r c e a r e exclu d ed .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " i n c lu d e

2
w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
in clu de w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c le r ic a l or re la te d fun ction s.
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d the p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave fo r m a l en tran ce r a t e s for w o rk e rs
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e of p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s of (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on t h e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of th e
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la te - sh ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe ren tial w as re c o r d e d
o n l y if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y of t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l of the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ich f u ll- t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h eth er th ey w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p en sio n
p l a n s ; a n d f r e q u e n c y of w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s of individual
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The f i r s t

p a r t of t h e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r of w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . The se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a t io n p la n s (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s n ot i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l l e n g t h s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
oth er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r te d to a t im e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
th o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its beyon d b a s i c
p l a n ^ t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the
c o s t. Su ch p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
t h e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
for this p u rp o se .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p l a n
i f t h e m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d t o c o n t r i b u t e t o w a r d t h e c o s t o f th e p l a n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r it y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
in su r a n c e u n der w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to th e i n s u r e d d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l su c h p la n s to w hich the e m p l o y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n ly i f t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of th e l a w .
T a b u l a t i o n s of p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of th e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l i s s h o w n of w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a j o r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e of s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
t h e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
p ay m en t of d o c t o r s * f e e s .
Such p lan s m a y be un d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on profit o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r they m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y t h e e m p l o y e r out o f a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u la t io n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d to th o se p la n s
t h a t p r o v i d e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
cen tiv e s y s t e m s . U n der a sin g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e is p a id
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a i d a b o v e o r b e l o w t h e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p l a n s p e c i f i e s th e m i n i m u m a n d / o r m a x i m u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In the a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the lo w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o rk s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d ra te is paid
f o r e a c h un it o f o u tp u t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n of a j o b in l e s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n of a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e rce n tag e.
D ata
table B -7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

provided

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y an d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s tr y D i v i s i o n , 2 J a n u a r y 1969
N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y *

S tu d ie d

T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

A ll d i v i s i o n s

________________________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g ____ ________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5__ ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________
R e ta il tra d e _
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v ic e s 8

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

_

377

127

7 2 ,7 0 0

100

4 6 ,5 0 0

1 4 ,7 0 0

4 3 ,7 9 0

50
-

95
282

38
89

1 8 ,8 0 0
5 3 ,9 0 0

26
74

1 5 ,0 0 0
3 1 ,5 0 0

1 ,3 0 0
1 3 ,4 0 0

1 2 ,2 7 0
3 1 ,5 2 0

50
50
50
50
50

45
62
88
42
45

18
14
23
18
16

1 2 ,5 0 0
6 ,3 0 0
2 0 ,7 0 0
9 ,4 0 0
5 ,0 0 0

17
9
28
13
7

7 , 100
(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(6 )

2 ,4 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

9 ,5 9 0
2 , 130
11,020
6,610
2 , 170

1 T h e J a c k s o n v i l l e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f D u v a l C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y "
e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e
a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
J a c k s o n v i l l e 's e l e c t r i c u t il it y i s m u n ic i p a ll y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p le
w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lish m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in
estimates for "all industries" in the Series B tables.
Separate presentation of data for this division is not m a d e for one or m o r e of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r o n e - f o u r th o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e J a c k s o n v i l l e a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 20
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _____ 17
P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _____ 14
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e r s ________
9
P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g _________
8
S to n e , c l a y , a n d g l a s s
p r o d u c t s ________________________ 8
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 6

S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g an d
r e p a i r i n g _______________________ 16
C i g a r s ____________________________ 9
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s _________________ 6
N e w s p a p e r s ______________________ 5
P a p e r m i l l s , e x c e p t b u ild in g
p a p e r ___________________________ 5
P a p e r b o a r d c o n t a i n e r s and
b o x e s ___________________________
5

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh ow n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w ag e c h a n g e s b etw een the in d ica te d d a t e s .
These estim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m iu m p ay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid ay s, and
late sh ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata fo r s e l e c t e d key o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w as a s s i g n e d a w eight b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te em p lo y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :

T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have declin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly, w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h er-p ay in g e sta b lish m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerks, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2.

In d e x e s of S ta n d a rd W eekly S a l a r i e s and S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u rly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s
in J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969 a n d J a n u a r y 1968, a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexes
( D e c e m b e r 1960= 100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l group

A ll in d u strie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )_____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m en )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________
M anufactu ring:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )____
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

Jan u ary
1968
to
Jan uary
1969

Jan u ary
1967
to
Jan u ary
1968

Jan uary
1966
to
Jan uary
1967

5. 1

5. 1

3. 3

131. 3
135. 9

6. 0
(*)
6. 2
5. 0

(')

n

(')

n

(\)

n

(l)
7. 6
8. 5

Jan u ary
1969

Jan u ary
1968

137. 7

129. 8

n

n

139. 5
142. 7

(])

( >
(')

138. 3

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e

( >
127. 5

5. 7
9. 2

(!)
(')

5. 2
5. 8
Jan u ary
1963
to
J anuary
1964

A ll in d u strie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________
M anufactu ring:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n an d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ______ ____ ______

6. 0
2 5. 7

Jan uary
1964
to
Jan u ary
1965
2. 7

(*)

2. 8
2. 4

5. 2
1 .4

C1)

(’ )

( X)
6. 7
2 .7

(')

il)
{')

N ovem ber
1961
to
Jan u ary
1963

3. 7
3. 1
D ecem ber
1960
to
Novem ber
1961

3. 1
2. 9
D ecem ber
1959
to
D ecem ber
1960

2. 6
(l)
2. 3
2. 9

3. 1
4. 8

2. 9
5. 2

4. 1
3. 3

(J)

n

(*)

( X)

()
(*)
4. 3

t 1)
n

i 1)

( )
n

2. 6

5. 1

2. 6

n

(')

1 D a t a d o not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .
2 T h e s e c h a n g e s p r i m a r i l y r e f l e c t sh ifts b e tw e e n h ig h - and lo w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r a t h e r than w ag e c h a n g e s .




J anuary
1965
to
Jan u ary
1966

5. 5

5. 2
(M

n

7. 2

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla., January 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

$
T ^
T
Under

M ean2

Median

2

Middle range 2

%

55

i

V

1

f

t

i

t

$

t

*

I

t

t

t

t

60

60

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

103

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

-

55
and
under

65

-

1
1

-

12
12

2
l

-

5
5

6
6

6
5

3
3

-

-

-

$— r r
S
t
135
140
150
160

3
3

and
140

150

160 over

MEN
C L ER KS . ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

53
50

$
$
40.0 120.00 116.00
40.0 120.50 115.50

$
$
96.00- 14 2. 00
95 .0 0- 14 2. 00

ORDER -------------------------

30

40.0 109.00 112.50

98
93

39.0
38.5

70.00
70.50

65 .0 0- 79.00
64 .5 0- 79.00

T A B U L A TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

40
40

40.0 110.50 125. 50
40.0 110.50 125.50

94 .0 0- 12 8. 00
94.0 0- 12 8. 00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE 1 -----------------------

34

40.0

82.50

87.00

74.50
74.5J

1

-

1

-

-

8

-

A

-

6

4

4

12
11

1
1

_

_

_

1
1

3
3

3
3

_

-

1
1

~

2
2

A
A

-

2
2

-

3
3

3
3

2
2

10

1

2

9

9

~

6

9

5

6

2

-

2

11
5
6

7
7

41
5
36

6
3
3

17
5
12

9
7
2

A
i
3

6
6
-

2
2
“

12
12
“

6
6
“

6
6
A

24
24
A

101
2
99

89
6
83

119
5
114

32
3
29

48
12
36

-

2

12

2

-

5

5
5

_
~

i
1
1
-

6

-

12
12

2

74.00- 92.00

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

CLERKS,

16
15

1

98.00- 12 3. 00

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

-

25
25

-

23
20

_

_

1

_

_

-

-

2
2

22
22

-

1

-

5

-

-

3
l
2

3
3
”

_

i

_

_

i

”

26
22
-

6
5
1

26
26
ie

~

5
5
3

13
8
i

A
2
2

20
5
15

66
A
6A

7
1
6

l

-

1

_

A

l

1

*

A

l

A

i

-

-

-

2

-

i

_

_

_

-

*

2
2
2

-

-

i
i
i

-

-

-

3
3
3

-

_

_

3

3

_

_

_

-

6
5

6
i

2
2

1
1

i
i

_

-

_

_

A
A

-

_
-

_

WOMEN

38

39.5

90.00

87.50

81.00- 98.00

-

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------- --------

121
30
91

39.5
39.5
39.5

83.00
90.50
80.50

8 3.00
92.50
82.00

75.50- 92.00
83.00- 99.00
73.50- 86.50

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

143
129
34

39.0 104.50 103.00
96.0 0- 11 4. 00
38.5 103.00 102.00
95 .0 0- 11 3. 00
38.5 111.00 112.50 10 4.00-115.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

593
38
555

39.0
40.0
39.0

81.50
89,00
81.00

80.00
9 1.50
79.50

72.50- 90.50
82.00- 96.00
72.00- 88.50

-

5

31

-

-

-

-

5

31

F I L E , CLASS A ---------------

25

39.0

93.00

84.50

82.00- 99.50

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

132
128
25

38.5
75.50
38.5
75.50
39.0 100.50

6 8.50
68.50
90.00

64 .0 0- 78.00
64 .0 0- 78.00
69 .0 0- 13 2. 50

-

CLERKS,

FILE, CL AS S C -------------------------------

158
158

38.0
38.0

66.00
66.00

67.00
67.00

63.00- 70.00
63 .0 0- 70.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

74
60

40.0
40.0

77.50
71.50

72.50
71.50

69.00- 83.00
67.50- 74.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

81
57

39.5
39.0

98.00
97.00

97.50
96.00

82 .0 0- 11 4. 00
81.00-112.50

CO MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

109
86

39.5
39.5

85.00
87.00

86.00
87.50

79 .0 0- 91.50
82.50- 92.50

CLERKS,

nonmanufacturing

See footnotes at end of table,




_
~

-

13
13

~

~
“

6

6

65
65

2

36
36

37
35
8

13
13
2

18
16
*

9
9
2

A
A
i

15
15
-

3
3

39
39

65
65

33
33

5
5

-

6
6

17
17

28
28

1
1

7
3

_

5
5

3

i

6

9
7

3
2

6
6

4
2

8
7

10
A

9
9

23
11

6
2

19
17

29
28

18
16

8
6

2
2

1

-

3
3
l

3
3
3

i
i

-

2

4

-

-

-

4
4

8
6

3
3
3

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
Weekly ear n in gs 1
(s tandard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num be r
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - tim e w eekly e a r n in g s of—
»

Av er age
we ekly
hours1
(standard)

U nder
Me di an 2

M e an 2

i
55

Mi ddl e range 2

$
55

65

i
70

75

t
80

%

»
85

90

C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------

104
99

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S,
NON M ANUFACTURING

3 8 .5
33-5

$
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

$
9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------

448
428

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

8 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------

101

3 9 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

O F F I C E G I R L S --------- ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------- .

68

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 ------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------

715
96
-.619
81

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1
1
1
1

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

48
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

148
130
trts

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
JV . >

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 J J .

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

214
31
183

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

305
40
265

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------

42 8
35
393
151

3
4
3
3

9
8
9
1 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

184

3 9 .0

165

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

67

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

130

$
135

s
140

t
160

150

and
65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

~

.5
.5
.5
.0

-

5
5

-

6
6

10
10

8

24
23

9
9

1

7

“

3
2

5
5

37
36

55
54

67
60

60
56

57
57

34

4

5

2

2

46
40
4

16
16

5

33
25

4
4

9
9

-

7 0 .0 0

_

_

6 2 .5 0 -

7 0 .0 0

*

-

36
35

0
0
0
0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4

1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

_

_

_

1 1 3 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

-

-

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

_

_

-

-

9 8 . CO
1 0 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

1
1
1
1

0
0
0
3

4
9
4
4

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

8 7 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 2
9 4 .5 0 -1 2
9 2 .5 0 -1 2
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4

6
1
6
5

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

2
2
2
4

.0
.0
.0
.5

-1 0 2 .0
9 6 .0
-1 0 2 .5
-1 3 0 .5

0
0
0
0

16

7

_

4

16

7

*

4

10
1
9

24
-

“

120

115

125

130

3
2

12
12

14
14

3
3
3

53
53
50

-

5
5

_

_

135

140

150

160

~

-

-

“

~

over

i
8

6
-

10
-

7
-

36
5
31

21
2
19

8
2
6

12
1
11

18
3
15

24
11
13

10
1
9

4
-

9

7

10
1
9

9
-

7

12
3
9

7
-

10

2
l
1

9
-

6

9

4

8
8

20
3
17

33
2
31

34
6
28

36
7
29

38

40
7
33

22
4
18

14
3

20
2
18

19
1
18

10
2
8

6
2
4

2
-

1
-

1
-

-

2

1

i

55
4

52

47
4

39
3

43

66

8

6
-

43
6

36

16
5

i
7
2

7
-

4

3
63
53

7
6

6

16
16

27

16
13

i i
11

18
13

27

13

27

22

2
2

7
6

5
3

5
5

1
1

_

10
9

7
6

5
4

_

_

“

i

_

_

_

SW ITCH BO A RD

96

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0

6 8 .0 0 -

8 5 .0 0

-

-----------------------------------

31
65

3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0

7 7 .0 0
R 1 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 -

8 4 .0 0

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CL AS S B -------------------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------

45

3 7 .0

9 3 .0 0

9 5 .5 0

8 5 .5 0 -

9 9 .0 0

43

3 7 .0

9 3 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 -

9 9 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 -

4
4

_
-

“

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .

8 2 .5 0

1
37

u
32
2

20
4

-

-

3
~

14
-

3
-

14
-

7
-

i

3
3

14
14

3
3

14
14

7

i
i

12
8

4
4

10
10

6
6

15
15

4
4

_

11
_

5

_

_

_

_

_

-

5

i
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

“

1
1

-

~

8

1

1

3

_

-

-

3

_

-

_

-

1

3

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

2
2

21
21

6
6

4
4

8
6

-

8

7

15

12

15

16

6

8

7

6

12

9

10

i

-

-

-

-

6

6

5

15

2

-

-

“

4
4

i

-

i

6

6

5

13

2

-

12

16

39

31

10

12

4

i
3
3

5
5

-

n

2

5

8 8 .0 0

-

51
12

2
50
15

T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
130
127

4

2

9

-

9
9

6
6

6
6

1

_

5

-

n
n

5
5

~

-

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

l
1

4
4

7

4

5 7 .5 0 5 7 .0 0 -

7

2
2

3
2

9

-

6 8 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

11

1
26
17

24

-

6 9 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

5
4

9

15
13

20

-

4 2 .5
4 2 .5

3
3

9
-

18
8

3
21
7

5

2
34

76
71

1
i

18
-

9

36

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

3
3

27

10

4
-

_

-

4
3

ii

31
9

15
-

13

-

_

-

2
2

17
55

-

24

18
18

_

8 4 .0 0 9 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

-

_

7
86

40
9

-

-

7

_

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

_

50
9
41
6

-

~

9

1

9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

_

40
7
33
3

_

-

17
16

*

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

_

51
6
45
3

72

-

"

74
12
62
2

_

4
4

-

33
30

-

93

_
-

-

4
4

-

_

-

52
10
42

-

6
4

-

-

42

40
7
3 3

_

-

_

-

_

46
4

_

-

“

-

~

9 0 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

30
3
27

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

6

i
-

1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 4 . 50

2
2
“

1
1

6

_

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0

8

_

_

-

24
1

-

1

8

-

-

3 9 .0

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

1
8
1
6

0
0
0
0

-

8 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

O PER A T O R -R EC EPTIO N ISTS-

.5
.0
.5
.5

.5
.0
.5
.0

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

7
8
7
8

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------

8
0
8
8

6
7
6
2

7 5 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 -

-

6 2 .5 0 -

7 0 .0 0
0
0
0
3

$
$
8 8 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

0
0
0
0




S

i
95

CO N TINU ED

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S,
N ON M ANUFACTURING

PU B LIC

60

$

and
u n d er
60

WOMEN -

»

-

-

2
2

-

-

7

-

-

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
*

s
T
T
M ean2

Median 2

$

Middle range 2

$

t

$

i

t

t

%

$

t

S

60

65

70

75

60

85

90

95

100

10 5

no

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

-

55

j

6
6

31
31

20
20

28
28

10
10

18
18

8
8

11
11

79
6
73

36
10
26

26
8
18

22
7
15

1
1

t

*

S

*

t

$

t

1

103
2
101

t
115

120

12 5

130

135

1 40

150

160

1 15

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

over

and
u n d er

55

and

60

WOMEN - C O NT IN UE D
TYPISTS, CLASS A —
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

133
132

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

$
83.0 0
83.0 0

$
82.0 0
81 .5 0

$
7 4 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -

$
91.50
91 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -MA NU FA CT UR IN G NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

382
34
348

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

71.0 0
79.5 0
70.0 0

69.0 0
80.0 0
6 8 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 7 5 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 -

75.0 0
85.00
73 .5 0

-

-

~
8

“
86

15

-

-

-

8

15

86

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

2

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

3

-

-

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 Th e m e a n i s co m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s of a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by th e n u m b er of w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf of th e e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a te sh ow n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a te show n. Th e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth of th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an
the h ig h e r r a t e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e
w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
t

$
100

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

O O

54
32

132 .5 0
138 .0 0

$

1 3 4 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

$

1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 2 .0 0 -

$

t

t

t

t

S

t

t

$

t

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

14 5

150

15 5

2

14
9

5
2

and
u n d er
105

O O
* *




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

145 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0

3
2

2
—

2

“

7
—

2
1

6

2
3

11
2 1 1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u stry d iv is io n , J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
Av er age

Occupation and industry division

A verage

N um ber

of

workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

O ccu p atio n and

in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

W eekly

*
O

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------

34

4 0 .0

8 2 .5 0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

42
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

123
30
93

3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

O

40

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 0 1 .3 0

39.5
39.5

$
85.00
87.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

184
165

O F FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S

105
100

38.5 100.50
38.5 100.50

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ---NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

36
33

38.5
38.5

89.50
89.50

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S ,
NON M ANUFACTURING

39.0
87.00
39.0
87.50
39.0 109.00

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

84
79

42.0
42.0

69.50
69.00

SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FACTURING ------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------

96
31
65

39.5
40.0
39.5

80.00
80.50
79.50

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------

46
42

40.0 129.00
40.0 128.00

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------

85
83

38.5 101.50
38.5 101.50

T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------

130
127

39.0
39.0

82.00
82.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

133
132

38.0
38.0

83.00
83.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

387
39
348

38.5
39.5
38.5

71.00
81.00
70.00

C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------

44 8
428

U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------

101

O F F I C E B O Y S A ND G I R L S --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

166

P U B LIC

PU BLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------

163
26

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------p u b l i c
u t i l i t i e s 2 ------------------------------

721
96

38.5
38.5
39.0

72.50
72.50
93.50

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0

107.00
107.00
106.50
133.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------

616
43
573

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

49
42

39.5 122.50
39.5 122.00

26
25

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------

148
130
28

39.0 114.50
39.0 115.00
39.5 133.50

CLERKS, FILF, CLASS B N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

135
131
28

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

215
31
184

39.0 109.50
39.5 110.00
39.0 109.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS
N O N M A N UFACTURING

158
158

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG

104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

309
40
269

39.0 98.50
40.0 100.00
39.0
98.50

CLERKS,
P A Y R O L L ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----

87
25
62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 9 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------

439
35
404
162

38.5 92.50
40.0
88.50
38.5
93.00
38.5 108.50

PU B L IC

N ON M ANUFACTURING

$
39.0 107.00
39.0 107.00

C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

86

- CO NTINUED

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S,
N O N M ANUFACTURING

86

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

C -----------------------------------------------------------------

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

109

196
179
47

A
—

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

CLERKS,
FILE , CLA SS
NON M ANUFACTURING

Num ber
of
workers

(standard)

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -----------------------------

A verage

Occupation and industry division

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

625
85

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS
DR AFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

57
32

40.0 131.50
40.0 138.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------

25

40.0 104.50

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n in g s
c o r r e sp o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings 1

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

workers

t
2 .0 0

%
2 .1 0

2 .4 0

S
2 .5 0

2 .6 0

t
2 70

$
2. 80

t
2 .9 0

$
3 .00

$
3 .1 0

3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$

2 .2 0

*
2 .3 0

$

1 .8 0

*
1 .9 0

4 .20

4 .4 0

1 .90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 . 9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .20

4 .4 0

4 .60

~

“

“

“

3

_

2

~

-

-

-

9

-

2

7

~

“

1

5
5

1
1

2
2

13
-

8
7

1
1

18
18

11
11

7
7

_
-

1
1

13
12
1

_
-

4
4
-

S

Mean2

Median ^

Middle range2

S

1 .7 0

Number

i

i

t

i

and
u n d er
1 .8 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------

31

$
3 .25

$
3 .4 8

$
2 .5 8 -

$
3 .8 9

ELECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ---------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

73
55

3.81
3 .93

3 .89
4 .11

3 .5 3 3 .7 4 -

4 .2 0
4 .2 5

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

72
35
37

3 .27
3 .6 3
2 .9 4

3 .1 6
3 .58
3 .0 6

2 .8 4 3 .0 9 2 .6 2 -

3 .7 5
4 .1 5
3 .1 7

_

1

5

1

1
2
2

_

_

-

_

_

5

3

1

3

-

-

-

-

5

3

1

3

1
1

-

3
-

4
4
-

6
4
2

1
1

8
1
7

9
_
9

2
2

7
6
i

5
4
i

-

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BOILER ---------

28

3 .05

3 .0 8

2 .6 8 -

3 .4 4

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

8

4

-

-

4

-

4

-

-

-

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

77
46
31

2 .4 5
2 .4 8
2 .42

2 .3 5
2 .37
2 .3 3

2 .1 6 2 .2 2 2 .1 3 -

2 .8 9
2 .9 8
2 .8 7

8
2
6

4

4
4
-

1
1

4
4

12
8
4

12
8

5
5

1
1

_
-

1
1

7
6

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

i

3
3

_

-

1
1

3
3

-

7
1
6

3
3

4

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFA CT UR IN G -------

52
42

3 .58
3.6 0

3 .6 9
3 .75

3 .5 1 3 .2 8 -

4 .0 1
4 .0 3

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

“

i
i

14
14

_

”

16
16

_

“

5
5

_

“

4
4

1

~

1
1

_

~

“

-

MECHANICS, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! --------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3-

268
56
212
158

3.1 7
2 .97
3 .22
3 .3 0

3 .04
2 .8 5
3 .05
3 .07

2 .8 4 2 .4 7 2 .9 1 2 .9 6 -

3 .6 8
3 .3 6
3 .8 5
3 .91

20
20

17
1
16

41
1
40
38

37
1
36
32

11
7
4

_

_

-

-

-

20
4
16
6

-

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E
MANUFA CT UR IN G ------

203
176

3 .1 9
3 .23

3 .18
3 .2 0

2 .7 2 2 .7 3 -

3 .5 9
3 .61

-

O IL E R S -----------------------------

29
29

2 .8 6
2 .86

3 .22
3 .22

1 .9 9 1 .9 9 -

3 .4 3
3 .43

_

28

3 .62

3 .8 6

3 .2 3 -

4 .0 4

-

MANUFA CT UR IN G -----PAINTERS, MAINTE NA NC E ■

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w ee k e n d s,
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




4

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

~

-

1
1

-

-

“

_

5
1
4

-

13
2
11
11

h o lid a y s ,

3

13
10

8
8

16
16

16
16

2
2

8
8

6
5

2
2

6
6

_

1
1

_

1
1

1
1

3

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

9
9

_

3

6
6

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

1

i

_

2

1

5

-

-

-

_

_
~

5
5

_

_

_

*

and la te s h if ts .

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

"

9

1C
1

-

~
-

*

3

_

1

~

18
14
4

-

6
4
2
2

29
19

-

9

13

-

5

51

-

-

-

13
12

5
5

51
51

18
17

2
2

25
23

15
13

1
1
_

-

-

31
31

_

2

-

-

_

_

_

-

6

11

-

-

-

1
2

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv isio n , J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings2

woikers

$
1. 8 0

*

1.7 0

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

S
1 .7 0

1 .80

1.9 0

2.00 2 . 10 2 .20 2 . 3 0

294
32
262

196
14
182

24

”

1

$

Number

1.6 0
Me an3

Median3

Middle range3

s

1 .9 0

s
$
s
$
2 . 00 2 10 2.20 2 . 3 0

S
2 .4 0

t
S
t
2 . 50 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0

2 .5 0

2. 60 2. 70 2 . 8 0

t

$

1

%

$

S

2 .80

2 .9 0

3 .00

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .30

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

t
3 .4 0

$

%

$

3 .50

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

3 .80

over

and

and

1 . 6 0 u n d er

$

$

2.66

1 .71
1 .97
1 .69
2 .7 5

1 .6 4 1 .7 3 1 .6 3 2 .7 2 -

1 .8 4
2 .5 4
1 .77
2 .7 9

259
249

1.62
1 .61

1.70
1 .69

1 .6 4 1 .6 4 -

1 .75
1 .75

16
16

120

111

118

107

6
6

LABORERS, MATERIAL H A ND LI NG -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4 ---------------

1,0 8 4
401
683
234

2.10

1 .7 0 1 .7 4 1 .6 9 2 .0 8 -

2 .3 4
2 .01
2 .7 8
3 .3 6

_
~
-

263
74
189
32

188
75
11 3

94
38
56

107
15

2.82

1.90
1 .91
1 .87
3 .32

10

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

564
554

2 .0 4
2 .0 4

2.03
2 .0 4

1 .8 5 1. 8 6 -

2 .21
2 .22

_

2

87
87

97
89

71
71

PACKERS, SH IPPING -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ --------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

177
98
79

1.85
1 .89
1.80

1 .79
1.80
1 .79

1 .7 3 1 .7 2 1 .7 4 -

2 .0 0
2 .1 2
1 .92

-

22

73
33
40

15
5

24

10

115
95

2 .5 0
2 .4 2

2 .5 7
2 .5 2

2 .1 3 2 .0 9 -

2 .8 2
2 .6 7

6
6

4
3

SHIPPING AND R E CE IV IN G C L ER KS ----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

38
27

3 .0 6
3 .31

2 .77
3 .39

2 .3 8 2 .7 4 -

4 .0 3
4 .0 5

_

TR UC KD K I V E K S 6 ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4 ---------------

1 ,4 2 0
235
1,1 8 5
629

2 .6 0

1 .9 5 1 .8 6 1 .9 8 2 .2 5 -

3 .42
2 .5 4
3 .5 7
3 .7 5

-

4
68

3 .01

2 .3 5
2 .25
2 .5 2
3 .33

“

“

TRUCKDRIVFRS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

201

1 .91
1.87

1.84
1.82

1 .7 5 1 .7 4 -

2 .0 5
2 .0 3

_
~

2 .7 0
2 .7 9
3 .0 3

2 .5 9
1.98
2 .7 4
3 .32

1 .9 5 1 .8 3 1 .9 8 2 .3 8 -

3 .71
2 .7 4
3.72
3 .7 4

2 .2 5 2 .1 8 2 .2 5 2 .2 6 -

3 .7 2
2 .6 7
3 .72
3 .7 6

2 .9 0

3 . CO 3 . 1 0

3 .2 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

24

RECE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2 .4 0

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4---------------

751
144
607
39

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

175

$

1 .77
2.07
1.70

1 .91

2.21

2.21
2.68

$

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC UTIL IT IE S4 ---------------

482
72
410
299

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER 1YPEI --------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4---------------

544
57
487
273

2.86

2.68

2 .3 4
2 .9 3
3 .1 3

2 .53
3 .32
3 .7 2

TRUCKDRIVFRS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

193
113

2 .3 4
2 .4 9

2 .19

2. 1 1 2 .1 3 -

2 .6 2
3 .0 7

344
188
156

2 .2 7
2.28
2.26

2 .2 7
2 .3 4
2 .2 4

1 .8 0 1 .7 9 1 .8 2 -

2 .61
2 .7 0
2 .5 3

t r u c k e r s , power

(f o r k l i f t ) --------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------1
2
3
4
5
6

2 .2 2

2 .2 2

64

64

-

17

5
_

_

-

_

~

72

-

-

_

_
-

_

_
-

"

12

2

2

2
1
“

_

4

-

“

122

87
59
28

14

l

4

3

_

32
19

14

1
-

4

3

-

-

-

-

140
1 40

9
9

_

5

-

-

i
-

4
-

8
5

_

_

_

2
2
8
8
5

2
2

76
76

57
57

13
13

62
62

3
3

15
15

23
23

11
10

6

13

5
5

9

24
24

_

11

1
1

9

4

_

5

_

1

5

-

5

_

“

5
5

_

5
30

39
33

30
30
30

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

6
6

_

12
12

-

40

-

84

2

88
6

28

82

44

10

12

157
34
12 3
117

50

ii
1

16
16

14
14

~

51
19
32

76
7
69

44

11
ii
10

3
3
-

6
6
“

1
1

8
8

12
8

2

36
29
7

5
5

8

20
12
8

85
47
38

32

21
-

6
6

20

8

4
4

21

11
-

6
28
28

6

84
84

-

22

40
29

~

34

9
-

55

_

9

-

15
1l
4

10
10
-

57
57

16

29
29

9
-

20
20

6
10
“

~
“

16
7

~

40

6
6
”

12

105

44
4

16

1
1
-

28
5

117
27
90
32

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and ty p e of tr u c k o p e r a te d .




3

“

115
40
75

-

28

“

“

-

2
22
“

51
35
16

21

"

4

54

68
12

12
5

56
30

7
7

2

10
10

10
5

10
10

32

3
-

31
25

30

32
30

3

“

6
4

30
30

48
8
40

8
8
-

-

10

5

12

5

7

123

7

10

-

3

2
5
~

113

7

1
2

30

_

5
5

5

~

26
12
14

13
53

10

6
4

-

_

5
5

~

2
2

-

3
3
-

10

-

3

_

_

_

2

~

-

-

2
2

_

1
1

_

5 12

-

i?

59
59

69
69

21

~

2
2
”

21
21
21

10
10
“

-

5
5
5

-

10
5

1
1

9
9

4

4
“

_

_
-

~

1

28

59

-

-

1

28

59

-

20

-

20

“

20

32
32

_

_
“

22
22
”

17
7

10

34
34

10
10
28
28

"

_

_
-

27
18

9

12
12

5
5

9
9

5
5

5
5

10
10

_

-

5
5

_
-

4
4

12
12

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

294
294

~

1 33
-

_
-

133
133

“

-

1 61

112

50
48

294
-

5

35
19

10
10

2

-

-

15
3

15

17

66

8

140

161
16 1

-

_

_

-

-

6

_

-

-

6

”

13
B. E sta b lish m e n t P ra ctic e s and Su p p lem en tary W age P ro v isio n s
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office W orkers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r i n e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 Vz

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s
A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f 40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

127

38

XXX

89

XXX

XXX

127

38

XXX

89

XXX

26

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d .__________________________________

4

4

22

7

10

40

5

5

35

7

_
_
2
_
1
_
1

1
1
4
14
6
3
1
1

_

1
1
3
7
3
4
1
2
2
2

1
1
3
1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

6

3
3
1
1

1
2
2

11

10

80

23

57

_
_
4
1

1

2

1

_

1
1
4
16
6
4
1
2

_

_
_
2
_
1

_
1

_
_

_
_
1
_

_

1
1
2

XXX

22
_
_
12
3
2
1

1
2
2
1
_
1

_
_

_
_
_
_

1
1
2

2

1
2

21

1
2
2

XXX

28

15

XXX

13

XXX

XXX

XXX

59

18

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




40

37 Vz

14




T able B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s fo r m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
J a c k s o n v il l e , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g - 10 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
la v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

L a te - sh ift p ay p r o v isio n s

S e c o n d sh ift

T o t a l ______________________________________________________
N o p a y d iffe r e n t ia l fo r w o rk on la te s h if t

________

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _____________

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift

S e c o n d sh ift

82. 1

63. 8

19- 5

1 5 .9

1 1 .9

4. 5

2. 2

66. 1

51. 8

15. 0

6. 2

64. 2

51. 8

14. 8

2. 7

1. 1
1 .4

8. 4

T y p e an d am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r )

______________________

5 c e n t s _________________ ________ — -----------6 c e n t s ____________________________________________
7 c e n ts
_
8 c e n t s ____________________________________________
9 c e n t s ____________________________________________
10 c e n t s ___________________________ ______________
11 c e n t s ___________________________________________
12 c e n t s ____________________ ____________________
13 c e n t s ___________________________________________
I 3 V3 c e n t s _______________________ ______________
14 c e n t s ___________________________________________
2 0 c e n t s _____ _____________________ ________ 2 6 Vs c e n t s
____________________________________
8 h o u rs' pay fo r

1
c o v e r la te

7 V2 h o u r s ' w o r k

______ .

6.
5.
27.
1.

5
6
2
3

6. 9
12. 2
4. 5
-

1 .9

-

15. 8

6. 7
1. 2
4. 5
3. 7
9. 5
4. 5
3. 3
2. 3
4. 5

6. 2
. 7
-

. 8
-

1. 8
2 .4
1 .4
-

-

-

1. 0
. 5
1 .4
. 2
. 9
. 5
. 1

. 2

I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
s h if ts e v e n th o u gh th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la t e s h i f t s .

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W ee k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ........................................................... ..........

100

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

4
2
3
69
3
5
7
4
3

1
2
3
4
5

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100
3

5
84

89

4
3
1
3

3
5

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100
3
6
2
29
9
49
1
1
(5)

H

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100
3
5
1
89

_
_
37
_
63

1

_

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o rk , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




100

_

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

87

95

100

99

100

10D

13

5

2
36
5
15
"
6

_
36

'

(4 )

“

(4 )
32
2
"
6
1
2
10
3
(4 )
24
15
(4)
2
1

_
28
6
23
9
13

N um ber of days
L e s s th a n 5 h o l i d a y s ______________________________
5 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
5 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
6 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
7 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________ _____
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
8 h o l i d a y s _______________________________ __________
9 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------ ------------ ------10 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
11 h o l i d a y s _______ ______ ___ _____________ _________
12 h o lid a y s ________________ _______ _________________

2
18
3
(4 )
1

15
18

3
8
15
"
2
-

4
"
18
5
"

68
4

_
5
23
23
27
27
60
60
95
95
95
95

_
4
72
72
75
75
89
89
97
100
100
100

-

-

9
13
-

(4 )
3
8
7
1
-

81
1
“

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 5
12 d a y s _____________________________________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e _____ ________________________ -........
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____ ______ __________ ____ ______
7 d a y s o r m o r e ........................................................................
6 V d a y s o r m o r e .............................—
2
---------6 d a y s o r m o r e .................. .....................................................
5 V d a y s o r m o r e ............. ...................................
2
........
5 d a y s o r m o r e ___________ ____________ ___________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ______________ _____________ ___ ____
2 d a y s o r m o r e _______ ____________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e _______________________ ____ _________

1
2
3
4
5
an d no

_
1
1
4
24
24
29
29
49
49
85
86
86
87

1
2
3
17
42
45
58
59
65
67
98
98
99
99

_

_

-

-

-

13
22
22
43
43
66

72
100
100

100

100

100

100

100

I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e ' in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s
h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n.
P r o p o r t i o n s th en w e r e c u m u la te d .




1
81
82
89
89
97
97
99

t h o s e w ith 9 fu l l

days

17

Table B-5. Paid V acations1
(Percent distribution of plant and office w orkers in a ll in dustries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, Jackson ville, F la ., Jan uary 1969)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2
A l l w o r k e r s _________________________

_______

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
89
5
1

97
82
15

100
100
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

5

3

-

(5 )

-

-

3
16
3

_
8
-

.
39
-

1
48
11

2
45
5

.
37
-

1
74
3
17
-

_
80
9
8
-

.
82
18
-

.
34
66
(5 )

_
34
61
5

.
91
_
9
-

1
32
3
58
-

62
9
26
-

_
26
74
-

_
3
(5 )
96
(5 )

9
85
5

3
97
-

16
4
74
-

23
9
65
-

12
88
-

2
97
(5 )
(5 )

5
_
90
5

99
-

2
97
(5 )
(5 )

5
90
5

(5 )

1
82
1
17

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________
L e n g th - o f- tim e p a y m e n t
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a v 6
A ft e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w eek_
_____ __ _____ ________
1 w e e k ___________
________ ________ _______ —
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________ -_____ _____ _
A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___
___
______
_
______
1 w e e k __
______ _
____ __
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________ _____ _
2 w e e k s ____ ________ ____________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ______________________________________
1 w e e k _____________________ _____________ _
_____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s - ____
2 w e e k s ____________ ______________________________
3 w e e k s ____ ______________________________________

_

_

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_
_____ _ _
_
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
_____ _______
2 w e e k s __ _________________ ___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------- -------—
3 w e e k s _______________________________ ___________

-

(5 )

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek— — — __ ____ _ ___ _
— —
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____ -__ —
2 w e e k s _________
_ ______ ______________
_ O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________ ______
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

15
4
75
-

23
9
65
-

12
88
-

-

-

-

6
1
80
4

7
80
9
1

5
90

(5 )
99
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______ _______________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------ ----3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




3

-

5

80
14
5

_

100
-

18

Table B-5. Paid V acations1
----Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v is io n s , J a c k s o n v il le , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6--- C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 10 v e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ----------------------------- ------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____ _ — _
3 w e e k s _______ ____________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eeks - - - - - -

6
1
35
(5 )
48
3
1

7
42
37
9
2

5
6
89
-

6
1
33
(5 )
49
3
1

7
42
37
9
2

5
6
89
-

6
1
28
47
5
8

7
38
31
12
9

6
1
28
26
3
30
1

6
1
28
21
3
28
7

_
3
_
97
-

(5 )
29
1
67
2
1

i
34
65
-

(5 )
27
2
67
2
1

1
34
65
-

5
6
62
27

(5 )
20
1
53
14
11

1
29
60
10

_
_
3
87
9

7
38
24
9
19
"

5
6
8
82

(5 )
20
26
1
50
2

1
29
39
32
-

3
7
90

7
38
14
9
20
9

5
6
3
60
26

(5 )
17
26
37
12
8

1
29
26
36
8

-

A f t e r 12 v e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 We e k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____ ________ ______
2 w e e k s -------------- ------------ --------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ________ __________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s __ ___ _____
____
____ ___

_
3
97
-

A ft e r 15 v e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_ ________
_ _—
____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ------------ --------------------------- ----------- O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
___ _
----3 w e e k s ____ __ _ - ____
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______ - 4 w e e k s ___
_— ____
__
A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v er 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s —
— ______ — ____
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
3 w e e k s __
____ __ __ __ _
. . .
_ O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s - ______
4 w eeks
— —
5 w eeks .
.
.
.

.

A ft e r 25 v e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k —. ---- ------ — - ---- -—
______ ___ —
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___ . . .
2 w e e k s — ———_____ ___ ___ _________________—__
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s —
4 w eeks —
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s - __
____
5 w eeks

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le ,




_

3
7
54
36

19

--Table B-5. Paid V acations1 Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , J a c k s o n v i l l e , F la ., J a n u a r y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A ll in d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6--- C o n tin u e d
A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _________ __________________ ___ ____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s __ ________________ ________ ______ __ _
3 w e e k s --------------------------- ______------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____ ________________
__ ____
- — ________
4 w eeks — 5 w e e k s ------------- ---- - — -----6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

_
3
7
54
36

6
1
28
21
3
27
7
1

-

-

38
14
9
20
6
2

6
3
54
32
“

6
1
28
21
3
27
7
1

-

-

38
14
9
20
6
2

6
3

17
26

29
26

3
7

54
32

37
8

36
8

54
36

-

-

-

-

7

5

i
_
29
26
_
36
8
"

(5 )
17
26
37
21
"

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i la b le
w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____ _
__ __ _
2 w e e k s __
_
_
_
3 w e e k s __ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ------ ------ ------------------- ------------------------5 w eeks _
__
6 w eeks
O ver 6 w e e k s _
1

7

5

(5 )

_

1
-

_

12

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d th o s e p l a n s w h ich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s
s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t tim e
b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le ,
th e c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 an d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l ig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e
a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l ig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
of




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1969)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w . ________

96

96

97

99

99

99

L i f e i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
A c c id e n ta l d e ath and d ism e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 _________________________

89

82

97

97

95

98

61

66

71

67

70

50

54

46

58

78

69

56

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) _____________ ____________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) ___________________________

38

37

36

39

30

10

13

5

9

43

35

13

15

8

34

10

7

36

H o s p it a li z a t i o n in s u r a n c e --------------------------S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e ____________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ___________________________

91
90
71
62
52

95
92
88
70
57

97
97
94
86
57

98
98
87
93
75

99
98
97
93
76

99
99
98
99
52

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e by th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t th o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p l a n s a r e li m it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




21

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n u a r y 19 6 9 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s _______ _________ __________________

M a n u f a c tu r i ng

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

91
56
24
31

90
66
51
15

100
81
27
54

100
70
1
69

100
31
31

J0 0
81
5
76

5

-

34

7

-

35

(5 )

-

-

3

-

-

26
35
9
3
3
( 5)
2
1
(5 )
5

15
24
10
7
7

20
19
-

59
30
-

31
69

41
19
-

90
5
4
-

97
3
-

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s . . ________ ____ ____ _________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ____________________________
S in g le r a t e __________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s _________ _____ ___ _________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ________ ______ ______
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v ie w ____ _____________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v ie w ____________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y _________________________
P a id b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s __________ ____ ________
P i e c e r a t e ______________________________________
I n d iv id u a l
G ro u p _____ __________________________________
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ................................................... ..........
I n d iv id u a l
G ro u p _____ _______ __________________________
C o m m i s s i o n ____________________________________

-

-

-

3
3
( 5)
'

-

M eth o d o f d e t e r m in in g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d

-

-

F req u en cy of w age paym ent
W e e k l y _____________________________________________
B iw e e k ly ____________ _______ _______________________
S e m im o n t h ly — -----------------------------------------------M o n th ly ____________________________________________
O th e r f r e q u e n c y ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

77
3
21
-

54
25
21
-

68
13
19
-

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




49
8
43
-




t

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t it s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t an d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t s o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l lin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a tio n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b illin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l ly in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n do n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d s t a n d a r d ty p e s of s a l e s an d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d of b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to be u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o rk .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e of b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r tm e n t.
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g an d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , an d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s no t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r in c i p le s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




23

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f il e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

f i l i n g ' s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r of v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r le v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ or~~pIT tly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e la t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s an d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f i l l o ut w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

ORD ER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g the it e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n t i t ie s o f it e m s on o r d e r
sh e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f il le d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s an d e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a tio n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o ut p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s not to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERA TO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; an d s e a r c h e s fo r and
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

24
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u ir e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BO Y OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s no t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is le v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e an d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t io n s w h ich d o no t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is le v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o rk .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s an d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m lim it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

25
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n i s t an d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e filin g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , ty p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d ta b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s ty p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g an d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk an d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k ty p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , ta b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e fr o m w r it te n c o p y an d d o s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e by a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l fo r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l la b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u ed

D RA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , an d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a ly z e s the
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e an d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s of s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s of s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g of

c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RA FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
an d/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e il l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n of th e fo llo w in g ; G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ; P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

26
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s an d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s an d m a in t a in s an d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk i n v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g an d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r an d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; an d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s an d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it te n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
an d fit tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t an d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g an d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; an d i n s t a l lin g an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , an d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s an d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g out o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r in g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u tt in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
out a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o rk f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

27
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , fit tin g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r ) C o n s t r u c t s an d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r ie t y o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s an d a l l o y s ; s e tt in g u p an d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e li a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU A R D AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a tio n e d a t g a te and
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s ib l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e ; an d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i fy in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r io d i c a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
an d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C LEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; ja n i t r e s s )

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f an o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s an d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d tr u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , an d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d er IV2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

PO W ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , an d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a in e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ---T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to r n e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in ee rin g te c h n ic ia n s, d r a fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 8 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
c e n ts a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e low . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c ted a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d Hour an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n ti n g O ffice , W ashington, D. C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .
Area
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 1________
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________
Allentow n— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
Ju n e 1968 1______________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1968 1________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 * __________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , May 1968 1 ___
P
O
B in g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968__________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1___________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y. , N ov. 1968 1--------------------------------------B u r l i n g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------Can ton , Ohio, J u n e 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a. , A p r . 1968 1-----------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N. C. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , Tenn. — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * _________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------C i n c in n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M a r . 1968 1 — ----------------—
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1968 * ___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1968 1 ___________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 _______________________________________________
D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1968 1----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iowa, F e b . 1 9 6 8 * _________________________
D e t r o it , M ich . , J a n . 1968 1 -------------------------------------F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1968 1---------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1968 1_________ -________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
H ouston , T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 * --------------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1968 1_________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1969 1____ ____________________
K a n s a s C ity , M o . — a n s . , S e p t . 1968 * ----------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1_______
H
N
L i t t le R o c k — o r th L i t t le R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1_____
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e im — a n ta A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , N ov. 1 9 6 8 _______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 * -------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1---------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ------------------- __-----A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------------------M idlan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * ________________
M ilw au k e e , W is. , A p r . 1968___________________________

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p rice
1575-84
1575-68
157 5 -5 8

35 c e n t s
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1575-86
1575-71
16 2 5 -8 ,
157 5 -7 5
16 2 5 -3 ,
157 5 - 5 9
16 2 5 -6 ,
1625-15
1625-35
157 5 -4 8
157 5 -6 5
157 5 - 6 3
1 575-57
1625-14
1575-81
157 5 - 6 2
162 5 - 1 9
1625-24
1625-28

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
50
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
50

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1625-16
1575-51
162 5 - 3 9
1 575-52
157 5 -4 5
1 625-27
1625-7,
157 5 - 6 6
157 5 - 8 2
162 5 - 4 0
1575-49
1625-37
1 625-17
1575-74
1625-11

30
30
30
30
35
35
35
30
45
35
30
35
45
30
35

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1575-64
162 5 - 3 3
1 575-77
1625-4,
1625-30
1625-29
1575-72
1575-67

30
30
30
35
30
35
30
30

c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

D a ta on estab lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem en tary w age provisions are a lso presented.




Area

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e

M i n n e a p o l is — t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 ---------------- --- 157 5 -4 7 ,
S
M u sk e g o n — u sk e g o n H e ig h ts , M i c h . , M ay 1968 * ------- 157 5 -6 0 ,
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1968 * ___________ 157 5 -5 4 ,
New H aven, C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 * ________________________ 157 5 -3 4 ,
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 _________________ ________ 157 5 -4 6 ,
New Y o r k , N. Y. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 7 8 ,
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
H am pton , V a. , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 __________________-__________ 1 5 7 5 - 8 5 ,
O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 9 ,
Om aha, N e b r . —
Iow a, Oct. 1968 1 ------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 - 2 6 ,
P a te r s o n r- C lift o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1968 1 ------------ 157 5 -8 3 ,
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 * ------------------------- 157 5 -4 0 ,
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1___________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 5 5 ,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968_____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 4 ,
P o r t l a n d , M a in e, Nov. 1 9 6 8 ______________________ . . . ___ 1 6 2 5 - 2 0 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * -------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 8 0 ,
W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t— a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
1575-61,
R a l e i g h , N. C . , A u g . 1968 1 ---------------------------------— - 1 6 2 5 - 1 3 ,
R ic h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1967 1 ___________________________ 157 5 -2 7 ,
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 1_ 1625-2
R o c k f o r d . 111., M ay 1 9 6 8 * _____________________ —— ____ 1 5 7 5 - 7 0 ,
St. L o u i s , M o . —
111. , J a n . 1968_________________________ 157 5 -3 9 ,
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 6 ,
S a n Antonio, T e x . , Ju n e 1968_________ -________________ 1575-69,
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
Oct. 1968 1------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 2 5 ,
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------ 162 5 -3 2 ,
Sa n F r a n c i s c o —
Oaklan d, C a l i f . , J a n . 1968_____________ 157 5 -3 7 ,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------- 162 5 -2 1 ,
Sa v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1968 1 --------------------------------------- 157 5 -7 3 ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1____________________________ _ 162 5 -1 2 ,
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W ash. , Nov. 1967 1 __________________ 157 5 -2 9 ,
E
S io u x F a l l s , S. Dak. , Oct. 1968 1 __________________-___ 162 5 -2 3 ,
South B e n d, I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________ 157 5 -5 6 ,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________ 1 575-79,
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------- 1625-5,
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A ug. 1 9 6 8 __________ ____ 1 6 2 5 - 1 0 ,
T o l e d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b . 1968________________________ 157 5 -4 3 ,
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1_____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 8 ,
U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------- 16 2 5 -1 ,
R
W ashington, D. C . —
Md. — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ____________ — 162 5 -2 2 ,
V
W a te r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * ________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 5 3 ,
W a te r lo o , Iow a, Nov. 1 9 6 8 * ____________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 3 1 ,
W ichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 4 1 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ju n e 1968 1 ________________________ 157 5 -7 6 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 * _________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 2 ,
Y o u n g sto w n — a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1 9 6 8 _________________ 162 5 -3 4 ,
W

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cents

30
30
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30
30
40

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cents
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cents
cents
cents

30
35
25
35
30
30
30
30

c e n ts
c e n ts
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c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents

40
30
25
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
35
30
30
30
30

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
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cents
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cents
c e n ts
cents
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c e n ts
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cents
c e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
OFFICIAL

BUSINESS




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

l FIRST CLASS M AIL


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102