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Public Library

Area Wage Survey

The Louisville, Kentucky—Indiana,
Metropolitan Area
November 1968

Hu I let i




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
Government Center
New York, N. Y. 10001
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
Federal Office Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Louisville, Kentucky—
Indiana,
M etropolitan Area




November

1968

Bulletin

No.

1625-33
M a r c h 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

Geoffrey H . Moore, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




C ontents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ield s d etailed d a ta by se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r each
of th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n i n th e p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e ach a r e a stu d ied . A fter
c o m p l e t i o n of a l l of th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h of th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d i n to on e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a tio n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n ited S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b les;
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
In d e xe s of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n an d
m
w o m e n ________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A - 4. M a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A p pen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v isio n s b ien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y in
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . , in N o v e m b e r 19 6 8 .
I
The Standard
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u
of th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s of J e f f e r s o n
C o u n t y , K y . ; a n d C l a r k a n d F l o y d C o u n t i e s , Ind.
T h is
s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n of W o o d r o w C .
L inn, A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
3

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r.)

av ailab le

fo r other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in th e L o u i s v i l l e a r e a
is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r s e le c te d food s e r v ic e o c cu p atio n s
( N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g
p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e fo r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p rin tin g ;
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s ,
h e l p e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a t io n s .

2
4
5
8
9
10
11
13




Area Wage Survey
The Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w hich the U .S . D e p a r tm e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f its on an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in d ivid u al e sta b lis h m e n t d ata.

th ere

is

p o ssib ility

of

d i s c l o s u r e of

O ccu p atio n a l e m p lo y m en t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d ata exclu de p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e
sh if ts . N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to t h e s t a n d ­
a r d w o rk w e e k (ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h av e b e e n ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u rr e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in t h e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r stu d y. P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
t o n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an u factu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s exclu d ed f r o m th e se stu d ie s a r e g o vern m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n str u c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e tab u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r eac h of
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle ct co m p o site, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
The p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not b e
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f t h e s e x e s w it h in
in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h t h e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w i t h i n th e
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and allo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s a r e giv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r t h o s e b elo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O cc u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i i i g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e f o l ­
low ing t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s
w it h in t h e s a m e j o b .
The occ u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu dy a r e lis te d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta follow in g the jo b
t it l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r i e s co m b in ed . E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e of the
o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in t h e s c o p e o f th e s t u d y a n d not th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a i n e d f r o m
t h e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e
im p o r t a n c e of the j o b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n in g s d a ta .
E st a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s

T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
b u lletin .
In fo rm atio n fo r th e se tab u latio n s is c o lle c te d bien n ially.
1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York StateT h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s o n m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sc h e d u le d w eek ly h o u rs; paid
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
h o lid ay s; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U .S. De­
partment of Labor.
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r .th is a r e a .




1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — d . , 1
In
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8

In d u str y d iv isio n

A ll d iv i s i o n s .

------------------

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d

N um ber

P ercen t

535

142

1 6 8 ,2 0 0

100

1 1 2 ,7 3 0

50
-

210
325

60
82

1 1 0 ,3 0 0
5 7 ,9 0 0

66
34

8 0 ,7 3 0
3 2 ,0 0 0

50
50
50
50
50

52
59
108
52
54

22
11
20
15
14

1 7 ,1 0 0
7 , 100
1 8 ,9 0 0
8 ,5 0 0
6 ,3 0 0

10
4
11
5
4

1 4 ,5 2 0
2 ,9 3 0
7 ,9 5 0
4 ,4 0 0
2 ,2 0 0

---------------------

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g .. ___________________ ,----------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 5. . ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6_______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 5 _____________________ ____________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6_______
S e r v i c e s 6 7______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

—
1 T h e L o u i s v i l l e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f J e f f e r s o n
C o u n ty , K y . ; a n d C l a r k a n d F l o y d C o u n t i e s , In d .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f
c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e
u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d it i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n im u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , an d m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m i n im u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e se n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) t h e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s : l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s : a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s : n o n p r o f it
m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) : a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O v e r t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e L o u i s v i l l e a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c i f ic in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u str y g r o u p s
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s ___________________________16
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ______12
C h e m i c a l s a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s . . 11
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s ___________ 10
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 9
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ______ 8
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g _________
6
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _______ 6

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
H o u s e h o ld a p p l i a n c e s ____________ 16
C i g a r e t t e s _________________________ 10
F a r m m a c h i n e r y ________________ 5
M o to r v e h ic le s an d
e q u i p m e n t _______________________ 5
P l a s t i c s m a t e r ia ls and
s y n t h e t i c s _______________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
T hese e stim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

Occupational Groups
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r t i m e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L i m it a t i o n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e s e c o n sta n t w eights r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h e rev er p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s for
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y t h e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e earn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m en ): O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )— S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C o n tin u e d
C a rp e n te rs
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
S e c r e t a r ie s
E le c t r ic ia n s
C le d c s, a c c o u n t in g , c la s s e s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e r a l
M a c h in ists
A and B
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
M e c h a n ic s
C le rits, f i l e , c la s s e s
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s (a u t o m o tiv e )
A , B, an d C
A and B
P a in te rs
C lerics, o rd er
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
P ip e fitte r s
C le d t s , p a y ro ll
c la s s B
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e s
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A a n d B
K e y p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
A an d B
In d u stria l nurses ( m e n a n d w o m en ):
J a n ito r s , p o rte rs, a n d c le a n e r s
O ffic e b o ys a n d g irls
N u rse s, in d u stria l ( r e g is te r e d )
L a b o re rs, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g




T h e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
t h a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d ec lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a in e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

4

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —Ind. , N o v e m b e r 1968 a n d F e b r u a r y 1968, a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexe s
( F e b r u a r y 1961 = 100)

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p
N o v e m b e r 1968

F e b r u a r y 1968

F e b r u a r y 1968
to
N o v e m b e r 1968

F e b r u a r y 1967
to
F e b r u a r y 1968

F e b r u a r y 1966
to
F e b r u a r y 1967

F e b r u a r y 1965
to
F e b r u a r y 1966

A ll in d u str ie s:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and women) _
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) . ___
U n sk ille d p la n t (m en) .
. . . ________

132. 8
135. 1
131.0
130. 9

128.
129.
124.
124.

0
8
5
6

3.
4.
5.
5.

7
0
2
0

3.
8.
4.
6.

6
8
7
1

5.
5.
4.
2.

5
6
6
5

3.
4.
3.
1.

1
3
0
7

M an ufactu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e (m en ) . . .
U n sk ille d p la n t (m en) _ _ _ _ _ _ _

130.
134.
130.
132.

126.
129.
123.
125.

7
0
3
3

3. 0
4. 4
5 .4
5. 6

4.
8.
4.
6.

4
8
5
0

4.
4.
4.
1.

0
6
8
8

2.
4.
2.
1.

8
3
9
1

5
7
0
3

F e b r u a r y 1964
to
F e b r u a r y 1965

F e b r u a r y 1963
to
F e b r u a r y 1964

F e b r u a r y 1962
to
F e b r u a r y 1963

F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

A ll in d u str ie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n ) _
_ _ __
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _______ __________

3. 6
0
1 .4
3. 6

3.
3.
2.
3.

1
5
6
6

3. 4
2. 0
3. 1
1 .4

2.
2.
2.
3.

9
6
9
5

M an ufactu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (m e n ) ................
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ______ _____ ______

4. 3
0
.9
4. 1

3.
3.
2.
4.

1
9
4
6

1.
2.
3.
1.

3.
2.
2.
4.

7
1
7
1




9
5
1
3

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , N o v e m b e r 1968)

Number

i

$

$

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of-—
s
s
t
%
t
t
t
%
$
%
i
%
$
$
$
t
75
85
80
90
95
105
110
115
120
125
130
140
150
160
170
100

$

S

workers

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

50
and
u n der

55

60

65

70

55

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

weekly
hours1
( standard)

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

13C

140

150

160

170

180

~
-

-

9

6
5
i

4
-

~

~
-

l

~

~
-

~

-

23
8
15

22
7
15
1

11
4
7
2

20
8
12
5

25
8
17
16

69
21
48
25

44
36
8
8

26
26
-

2
1
1
1

_

-

-

_

9

46
10

4
-

_

-

23
2

_

-

7
-

2

“

5
5
_

1C
5

_

_

-

-

6
6

6
6

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

273
126
147
66

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 1 5 0 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0 1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 1 4 0 .5 0

$
$
1 1 8 .5 0 - 1 5 0 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0 - 1 5 4 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 - 1 4 4 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

140
61

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

132
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 5 1 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

139
54
85

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

53
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

7 6 .5 0
7 9 . 50
7 5 . CO
1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

6 8 . 5 0 - 9 1 .5 0
7 0 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
6 8 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

—

_

_

_

_

-

—

1
1

-

i
8
4

-

4
2

-

11
1
10
1

4
4

3
2

7
6

11
7

6
4

13
12

—
-

_

6
6

5
-

30
6

9

3

18
12

22
2

20

~

2
2

8
8
~

1
1
“

10
2
8

4
4

_
“

3
2
1

_
■

_
~

_
~

_
-

_
“

_

2

2
1

19
18

7
5

5
2

9
2

3

_

_

_

4
4
”

•~

”

~
~

~

3

_

_

_

_

9
3
6

36
11
25

20
8
12

17
6
ii

9
4
5

11
4
7

9
5
4

_

_

_

1

2

_

_

3
3

_

_
-

“

"

78
35
43

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

9 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
8 4 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

60
27

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 3 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 - 9 4 .5 0
6 2 . 0 0 - 8 5 .0 0

BO OK KE EPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

67
32
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

9 3 . 50
1 0 1 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

259
63
196

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

7 1 .5 0
9 0 . CO
6 9 .5 0

6 6 . 5 0 - 8 3 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
6 5 .0 0 - 7 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

283
147
136
46

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3---------------

698
202
496
133

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 0 . 50
8 9 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

28
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

149
43
106

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 7 .0 0




_
-

_

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ---------------------------- MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

_

4
4

4
4

~

7
7

5
5

4
4

i

_

_

_

_

”

-

~
“

_

_

-

-

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 - 1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 1 4 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0

_
-

8 1 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 9 . CO
8 5 .5 0

7 4 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 9 . CO

9 6 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .5 0
9 4 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .0 0

_

_

24

-

-

24

1 1 4 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0 1 1 3 .5 0

7 0 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 -

8 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

1
1

15
12
3

2
1
1

18
17
1

8
8

7
7

19
1
18

_
”

11
1

5
5

11
1

_

10

_

3
2
i

1

19
13
6

_
~

9
9
“

3
3

8
3
5

5
5
~

_
~

_
-

1

_

1

2

2

-

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

29
23
6
6

18
15
3
3

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
*

5
5

i
i

4
4

-

-

_

3

_

_

_

_

-

3

-

-

-

-

62
4
58

59
2
57

11
6
5

21
16
5

8
4
4

24
14
10

12
11
1

7
6
i

1
1

-

1

2

2

1

_
-

2
2

_
-

2
2
-

5
2
3
~

4
4
2

13
9
4
2

5
3
2
1

26
12
14
8

51
16
35
2

29
14
15
2

37
14
23
9

18
5
13
3

25
21
4
4

5
2
3
3

10
7
3
1

_
-

5
5

32
32
"

81
10
71
19

75
15
60
22

127
24
103
9

122
48
74
16

71
22
49
13

50
20
30
5

35
11
24
4

45
14
31
28

17
17
-

9
9
-

5
5
"

10
5
5
5

4
4
4

10
2
8
8

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

-

5
4

3
3

i

_

-

l
1

_

-

-

1
1

i
i

32
4
28

8
i
7

7
5
2

2
1
1

5
4
i

_

_

8

3
3

-

48
21
27

9
7
2

_

_

48
48

-

_

_
”

~

-

_

“

_
“

3
3

15
15

-

-

~

i

“

-

-

8

_

1

_

_

“

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , N o v e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of --J

$

$

$

t

w o *,*

weekly
hours1
fstandard)

S

i

$

$

t

t

s

«

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

a

~

~

39
39

54
53

23
21

Median 2

Middle range 2

2
2

28
28

10
2

33
18

39
28

38
31

5
3

3
2

11
11

8
“

-

3
3

5
1
4

16
8
8

37
25
12

33
29
4

21
16
3

26
12
14

12
8
4

3
3

1
“

4
4

17
16

18
16

5
3

1
1
-

8
2
6

16
10
6

62
11
51

27
7
20

64

73
15
58

77

30
17
13

$

$

t

$

$

t

4
4

50
Mean2

$

t

55

55

Sex, occupation, and industry division

11 5

12 0

125

13 0

140

15 0

160

170

15

120

12 5

1 30

140

150

16 0

170

180

8
-

14
14

4
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

32
18
14

19
3
16

10
4
6

18
10
8

16
14
2

8
8
-

6
4
2

2
2

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

8
6

4

7
1

l
"

_

_

14
14

_

_

-

_

-

11
10

-

-

-

-

38
8
30

15
7
8

8
2
6

8
5
3

4
4

6
6
“

4
i
3

35
2
33

26
4
22

-

_
-

_
*

~

9
9
-

62
58
4

20
7
13
13

4
4
-

-

-

3
~

3

19

_

-

3
3

3
3

7
7

-

~
-

-

i

-

2

-

-

-

2

“

103
73
30
11

76
52
24
13
5
i

and
u n d er

WOMEN - CO NTINUED
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------

120
117

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

$
6 7 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

$
6 7 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

$
6 4 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 -

$
70 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

203
139

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

81 .0 0
79.5 0

78.5 0
7 8 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

88.00
84 .5 0

_

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

265
163
102

3 9 .5
39.5
39.5

95 .5 0
96.0 0
94.5 0

9 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
97.0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

108
88

3 9 .5
3 9.5

94.0 0
93.0 0

89.0 0
87.0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

-

_
“

15
15

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------

258
70
188

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 9 .5 0
96.0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

92.0 0
9 3 .0 0
92.0 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

-

_
-

-

-

-

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------

443
184
259
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8.5

84.0 0
89.5 0
80 .5 0
92.5 0

8 0 .0 0
89 .5 0
77.5 0
83 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 - 95 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 98.0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 8 3.00
7 1 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

_
~
-

_

5
3

21

-

2
2

43
9

12

3

74
17
57
4

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

96
45
51

3 9.5
3 9 .5
39.5

72.5 0
75.5 0
70.5 0

6 9 .5 0
7 3 .50
6 7 .5 0

6 6 .0 0 6 8 .5 0 6 4 .5 0 -

7 4 .5 0
82.50
7 0 .5 0

_
-

-

15

39
15
24

20
10
10

3
3

12
12

2
2

2
2

_

“

~

“

“

“

“

i

S E C R E T A R I E S 4------------------------MA NU FACTURING ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------

1,4 9 7
824
673
159

39.5
3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5

109.00
116.50

9 3 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

_
-

42

46

1

4

29
29

2
44

-

134
63
71
13

i n
53
58
3

103
52
51
9

230
1 80
50

-

90
9
81
2

76
31
45

1 2 1 .5 0

10 7 .5 0
112.50
97.0 0
1 2 3.50

10

90
44
46
13

SECRETARIES, CL AS S A -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

93
48
45

4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

125.00
135.00
115 .0 0

119.50
134 .5 0
111 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

_

_

_

_

15

-

-

_
“

1

-

~
“

3
12

5
~
5

15
1
14

11
11

1

i
i

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------

274
131
143
32

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 7.00
127.00
107.50
120.50

117 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
126 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

7

28

22

9

4

4

13

5

22
8
14
~

23
14
9
2

17
8
9
9

25
14

18

30
6
24
5

17

14

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------

562
299
263
45

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 9.00

1 0 8 .5 0
1 2 1.50
93.0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

32
10
22
4

38
17

45
23
22

32

19
2

82
80
2

“

4

33
26
7

21

21

59
42
17

10

5

2

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------MA NUFACTURING ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG - - ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------

539
318

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

41
35
6
“

146
131
15

17

1 2 1 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0
106.50
89 .0 0
1 2 4.50

32
27

77

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

33
25
8
5

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MA NU FACTURING ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------

648
280
368
125

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
38.5
3 9 .0

90.0 0
87 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
109.00

87.0 0

_

8

i

-

-

-

8
-

i
-

63
58
3
i

44

87.50
117.50

7 8 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 - 96.5 0
7 8 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------

370

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5

109.50
1 0 5.00
117.00

107 .0 0
106 .0 0
125.50

9 3 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

-

-

_

30

30

~

-

~

20
10

21

”

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le ,




221

233
137

1 0 0 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0
96.0 0
1 2 0.00

*0 2 .0 0
105 .0 0
97.0 0

8 6 .0 0

“

.

1
14

_
-

4
-

3

41
1
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~
*

-

-

-

-

~
-

_

-

4

-

-

-

“

4

-

-

_

-

-

-

16
16

13

21
56

i
_
-

~

3

2
2
”

14

~

2

16
16
“

20
-

32
32

28
6
22
-

56

26

24

41

2
22
1

48
27

20

14

43
8
35

4
3

2

21
20
1

59
29

86
36
50

95
30
65

10

5

4

7

17

12
5

21
8

22

7

~

1

13
3

25

38
7
31
7

63
31
32

8

-

"

1

88

13

15
7

14

4
1

21
35

4

21
9

76
32

44
2
36
25

11

5
4
7
37
25

9

'

-

4

12
5

2

3

11
8
3

2
2
-

-

-

3
1
2
2

61
57

26
18

14
14

4

8

4

12

*
_
~
-

“
115

100
15
14
2
1

1

-

-

-

“

“

“
7
6
i
i

87
53
34
17

87
51
36
32

46
36

21

10
10

3

11

14
13

5

3

5

3
2

1
2

4

1
37
31
6

18
18
-

1
1

2
2
-

10
1

11
4

4

1

i

1
_

10

2

20
12
2

9

16
13
3
3

24
15

12

15

19

5

_

_

9

-

3
3

5
10
10

-

9
9

19
19

5
5

-

-

14

25

29

4
10
10

2

2

3

23
23

26
26

9

15
5

18

-

2
2

19

30

36

9

4

“

15

8
22

25

11

17
17
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

11
4
7

1

_

-

-

1

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Louisville, Ky.— Ind. , N o v e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
f standard)

55

60

65

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight- time weekly ear nings of—
S
S
*
%
t
i
s
t
t
%
S
t
no
85
90
95
125
130
70
75
100 105
115
120
80

55

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

4

23

23

13

9

28

28

6

4

23

23

7

8

26

25

3

-

-

6

41
20
21

15

65
37
28

38
24
14

33
23
10

$
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

i

50
and
under

$

1

I

95

100

105

110

115

12
11
1

12

A

A

2

i

19

14

14
13

7

120

125

130

140

$

%

s

S

1A0

150

160

170

150

160

170

180

-

-

-

-

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
40.0
39.0
40.0

$
79.50
93.00
75.00

$
78.50
93.50
76.00

$
$
64.00- 91.50
8 4 . 0 0 - 102.00
61.50- 83.00

260

39.5

82.00

80.50

75.00- 89.50

39*j?
3 •5

79.50

78.50

71 .5 0- 89.50

.

39.0

89. 00

22*52
93.00

03.50

90.00
90.00

76.50- 93.00

39.0

81.00

76.00- 92.50

15

n f * nn
8 1.00

76.00- 93.00

15

90.50
87.00
40*0 96.00
94.00
A0.0 107.00 100.00

7 9 . 5 0 - 102.50
78.00- 10 0. 00
82.50116.50

17

39.5

NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS -

183
44
139

123

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ----

76.00

72.50

7A.00

5i*^5
79* 00

67.00- 83.50
72.00- 88.50

39.5

6

15

6

3

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

3

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

7

3

2

18

-

11
1
10

i
i

1

1

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
3

3

3

1
1

8

1

TA BULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
35
29

14
5

i

3

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
235

^ o iu k lr,u

39.0

nn* nn
8A.50

191
106
niuririR n,u i

39.5

nn
100

39.5

93.00

??

190
578

63
13
50

12
8

21
20
1
1

24
12
12

56
16

87
AA

11
1

105

1
66.00- 86.50

32
11
21

103
16

204
32
11

153
32
^

12

35

19
19

42

19

39

11

26

18

9

14
11

1
1

27

11

3

13

1C

51
31

20

14
1
13

11

2

2

i

1

23

zo

^7

3
1

20
71
25

10
1

2

2

1
1

g

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. The me di an designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m o r e
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than the
higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 M a y include workers other than those presented separately.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , L o u is v il le , K y .— d ., N o v em b e r 1968)
In
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

t

85
Under
$
and
85
under
90

90

95

95

100

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
s
$
i
t
$
S
t
$
115
130
105
120
125
135
100
110
140
145
150
155
160

*

i

t

i

165

170

180

170

180

190

190
and

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

MEN
39.5

$

$

$

$

1

DRAFTSMEN* CLASS A — — --- ------- --M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ---------- — -----

45

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

186
169

40.0 149.50 142.50 13 7.50-167.00
40.0 149.50 142.00 137.50-167.00

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

136
127

40.0 118.00 118.50 100.50-135.50
99.50-136.50
40.0 119.00 119.00

6
6

ii

90
82

39.5 128.50 125.50 119.00-141.00
39.5 129.50 127.00 120.00-142.00

3
2

_

11

1
-

“

n

1
1

1
1

~

“

1
“

1
1

1
1

A
A

2
2

72
67

22
22

3
2

9
9

7
7

12
A

3
3

8
8

19
19

1
1

6
6

20
19

11
11

15
15

-

_

_

i

3
3

2
2

17
14

19
19

A
A

5
A

11
9

13
13

5
5

15
10

A
2

1
-

35
34

23
22

_
-

_
-

3
3

2
2

_

_

_

_

~

3
3

”

“

5
5

1
1

_

_

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1
1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .




9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , N o v e m b e r 1968)
Average

O ccu p atio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number

of

Weekly
Weekly
hours * earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Occupation and industry division

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------MA NUFACTURING --------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------

Avi

$
96 .0 0
91.5 0
100.00

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
;standard)

rag.
Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

- CONTINUED

260
137
123

TA BULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

28
25

39.0 143.00
39.0 143.00

TA BULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------

101
51
50

39.5 109.50
40.0 116.00
39.5 103.00

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------

45
38

39.0
39.5

85.50
84.00

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

243
63
180

39.0
39.0
39.0

83.50
82.00
84.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------i M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2---------------

194
109
85
31

39.5
93.00
39.5
91.00
40.0
96.00
40.0 107.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S2---------------

774
196
578
70

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

83 .5 0
69 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

443
184
259
56

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

84.00
89.50
BO . 50
92.50

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

67
32
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

95.0 0
99.0 0
91 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GI R L S ---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2---------------

235
99
136
35

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5

78.00
80.00
76.50
93.00

260
64

3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

S E C R ET AR IE S3 --------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1,501
826
675
161

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

109.00
116.50
100.00
121.50

39 .5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0

1 2 4.50
1 3 0.00
118.50
128.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

93
48
45

3 9 .5
39 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.0

89 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
86.50
102.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2---------------

275
131
144
33

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

116.50
1 1 7.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2---------------

564
301
263
45

39.5 109.50
40.0 121.00
39.5
96.00
39.5 120.00

SECRETARIES, CL AS S D -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2---------------

540
318
222
78

39.5 102.00
40.0 105.00
39.5
97.00
39.5 121.50

196

556
273
283

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MA NUFACTURING -----------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------

838
263
575

112

194

40.0 125.00
39.5 135.00
40.0 115.00
117.00
127.00
108.00
121.00

CLERKS, FILF, CLASS A
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG —

28

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G ----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

159
115

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0

78 .0 0
76 .0 0
78.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

120
117

3 8 .5
3 8.5

6 7 .0 0
67.0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----MA NUFACTURING —
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

335
225

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

94.5 0
9 9 .5 0
92.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 ---------------

651
282
369
126

90.00
39.0
87.50
39.5
38.5
91.50
39.0 109.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL --MA NUFACTURING —
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

284
181
103

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .5

97.5 0
99 .0 0
9 4 . 50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

371
233
138

39.5 109.50
39.5 105.00
39.5 117.00

CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG —

108
88

3 9 .5
3 9.5

9 4 .0 0
93.0 0

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

188
46
142

40.0
39.0
40.0

26
44

110

$
82.00
84.50
79.50

SWITCHBOARD OPER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

60
27

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NUFACTURING -----------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------

39.5
39.5
39.5

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED
$
40.0 100.00
39.5
97.00
40.0 101.50

48

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

266
73
193

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

35

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3 9.5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

83

Average
Number
of
workers

80.00
94.00
75.50

76.00
81.50
74.00
82.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

45
45

39.5 165.50
39.5 165.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

186
169

40.0 149.50
40.0 149.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

136
127

40.0 118.00
40.0 119.00

DR AF TS ME N- TR AC ER S --------------------

107

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

94
86

39.0

85.50

39.5 128.50
39.5 129.50

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e sp o n d to th e se w eekly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n icatio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e se n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v il le , K y . —
Ind. , N o v e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings 1

workers

t

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

*
2 .8 0

2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

s
3 .4 0

$
3.50

3 .6 0 3 .7 0

t
3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

t
4 .0 0

i
4 .1 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .3 0

$
4 .40

$
4 .60

$
4 .8 0

2 .6 0

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

$
U n d er 2 . 5 0
$
and
2 5 0 un der

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3.7 0 3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .20

4 .30

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

~

1

1
1

1
1

6
6

6
-

~

10
10

4
4

6
i

-

3
2

10
10

86
86

25
25

12
11

26
25

-

-

14
14

12
11

3

"

-

_

_

33
30

1
1

9
9

14
14

7
3

50
42

7
7

12
12

1 48
107

80
80

31
31

54
54

9
9

36
36

83
83

35
35

_

3
2

5
-

_

_

14
4

21
21

13
13

15
15

8
7

6
6

30
29

_

_

-

7
7

3

-

-

-

6
6

6
6

6
2

6
6

-

6
6

25
25

4
4

15
15

26
26

109
1 09

17
17

_

_

-

-

6
6

2
2

4
4

_

-

65
65

47
32
15
15

8
8

16
16

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

37
37

_

~

“

4
4

106
1 06

264
253

55
55

7
7

25
25

70
70

n
ii

~

41
3
38
38

1 10
62
48
48

38
14
24
24

3
3

46
15
31
31

-

17
17

14
14

11
5

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

37
22

38
38

205
205

1 76
176

_

16 5
16 5

34
34

23
23

48
48

_

14
14

12
12

_

_

_

-

1 01
10 1

_

-

23
23

_

t

t

CARPENTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E --MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

226
207

$
3 .9 6
3 .98

$
3 .98
3 .9 8

$
3 .9 1 3 .9 2 -

$
4 .1 9
4 .1 9

-

ELECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

609
553

4 .0 9
4 .1 2

4 .0 3
4 .0 7

3 .9 1 3 .9 2 -

4 .4 2
4 .5 2

“

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

137
116

3 .9 2
4 .0 0

3 .92
3 .98

3 .6 3 3 .6 8 -

4 .2 3
4 .2 4

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

261
249

3 .5 9
3 .63

3 .8 1
3 .8 1

3 .4 5 3 .4 9 -

3 .8 7
3 .8 7

24
23

-

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S3 ------

215
157
58
48

3 .1 3
3 .2 3
2 .8 8
2 .9 4

3 .1 9
3 .1 9
2 .7 7
2 .8 3

3 .1 0 3 .1 4 2 .6 0 2 .6 4 -

3 .3 5
3 .3 7
3 .31
3 .3 3

13
11
2
~

13

MACHINISTS, MA INTENANCE --MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------

616
603

4 .0 2
4 .0 2

4 .0 5
4 .0 5

3 .9 7 3 .9 7 -

4 .1 3
4 .1 3

_

~

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 ---------------

434
168
266
210

3 .71
3 .88
3 .6 0
3 .7 9

3 .91
3 .9 7
3 .8 2
3 .9 0

3 .3 5 3 .8 8 3 .2 1 3 .5 6 -

4 .0 3
4 .2 3
3 .9 8
4 .0 1

32
9
23
-

-------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

1 ,0 9 9
1 ,0 4 5

3 .8 3
3 .85

3 .9 5
3 .9 6

3 .4 6 3 .4 8 -

4 .1 0
4 .21

16
16

_

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

163
163

4 .3 7
4 .3 7

4 .6 3
4 .6 3

4 .4 1 4 .4 1 -

4 .7 0
4 .7 0

-

-

OILERS --------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

267
259

3 .33
3 .3 4

3 .29
3 .2 9

3 .2 3 3 .2 3 -

3.5 1
3.5 1

_

1
1

PAINTERS, MAINTE NA NC E --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

191
182

3 .82
3 .8 5

3 .7 6
3 .7 7

3 .7 1 3 .7 2 -

4 .0 4
4 .0 6

_

_

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTE NA NC E ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

437
437

4 .1 4
4 .1 4

4 .0 7
4 .0 7

3 .9 5 3 .9 5 -

4 .2 9
4 .2 9

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MA INTENANCE —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

105
105

4 .1 0
4 .1 0

4 .0 1
4 .01

3 .6 0 3 .6 0 -

4 .5 5
4 .5 5

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS ----------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

372
372

4 .5 0
4 .5 0

4 .5 5
4 .5 5

4 .5 0 4 .5 0 -

4 .6 0
4 .6 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

i
i

-

1
1

mechanics, maintenance

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

*

4
1

1
-

3
3

3

12

5

-

_

~

-

13
10

9
3
6
6

12
7

5
5

-

-

-

-

2-3
18
5
5

-

_

-

-

-

_

~

~

17
15

20
20

40
40
37

19
-

24
19
6
2

10
6
4
2

la

6
2
4
4

33
20

76
75

7
7

58
55

121
1 02

22
20

29
29

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

~

_

1
1
1

_
-

4
4
-

-

19
-

_

18
-

ia

11
-

-

-

-

_

-

_

10
10

_

1
1

-

1
1

11
11

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

_

2
2

11
3

13
13

114
114

4
4

44
44

53
53

11
11

_

“

8
8

~

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

i
-

-

3
2

4
-

_

22
21

4
3

2
2

95
95

4
4

5
5

9
9

10
10

24
23

_

2
2

6
6

_

17
17

_

_

6
6

38
38

95
95

93
93

19
19

70
70

_

15
15

84
84

_

2
2

_

23
23

8

7

6

_

12
12

7

7

13
13

_

_

6
6

33
33

205
205

9
9

73
73

1

“
_

“
_

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .




_

t

“

-

_

-

-

-

27
27

_

_

-

7
7

-

_

8

-

_

-

_

-

_
-

-

7

6

-

10
10

27
27

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v il le , K y . —
Ind. , N o v e m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings

$

$

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

1.20 1 . 3 0
woikers

Mean3

Median3

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—
$
%
s
*
*
t
t
%
$
$
$
i . 7 0 1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 2 .00 2 . 10 2 20 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0

$

1 .5 0

t
1 .6 0

1 .60

1 .7 0

i .80

t
1 .40

%

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .4 0

$

$

$

3 .2 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .8 0

4 . 0 0 over

t

Middle range3

u n d er
$

1 .40

1.50

-

~

1

1. 9 0 2.00 2 .10 2.20 2 30 2 . 4 0

2 .5 0 2 .6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0

2 .4 3
3.05
1.89

$
2 .4 4
3 .2 4
1 .67

$
1 .6 6 2 .7 2 1 .6 3 -

$
3 .2 3
3 .4 2
1 .7 7

282

3 .28

3 .3 0

3 .1 7 -

3 .4 6

WATCHMEN:
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

111

2 .4 6

2.51

1 .8 8 -

3 .21

-

-

-

-

4

-

30

2

-

12

-

-

7

12

15

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS --MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

1,895
1 ,1 7 0
725
117

2 .4 0
2 .7 6
1 .81
2 .4 3

2 .5 4
2 .8 0

1 .7 4 2 .5 4 1 .6 2 2 .0 7 -

2 .9 4
3 .11
2 .0 2
2 .7 5

59

14

25

11

327

92

22

20
72

~

~

~

~

173
146
27
27

255
229
26

~

305
7

32
15
17

1 42

11
“

35
19
16

90
90

25

78
34
44
23

40
38

14

58
32
26
7

56
35

59

47
24
23

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

488
305
183
36

2 .23
2 .52
1.74
2 .53

2.3 5
2 .4 4

2 .71
2 .7 7
1 .78
2 .7 7

17

25

5

99
23
76

20

9

6

27

13
13

2 .7 2

1 .6 8 2 .3 4 1 .5 8 2 .5 3 -

LABORERS, MA TERIAL H A ND LI NG -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

2,688
2 ,1 9 0
498
77

2 .6 7
2 .73
2 .4 4
2 .7 6

2 .7 3
2 .7 7
2 .4 4
2 .85

2 .1 3 2 . 171 .7 9 2 .8 2 -

3 .2 3
3 .2 4
2 .88
2 .8 8

-

~

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

897
526
371

2 .85
3 .11
2 .48

2 .8 7
2 .98
2 .61

2 .3 9 2 .8 4 2 .1 2 -

3 .2 7
3.61
2 .7 9

-

_

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

806
640
166

2 .82
2 .93
2 .41

2.88

3 .22
3 .2 4
2 .6 7

-

-

-

2 .95
2 .6 0

2 .6 0 2 .7 3 2 .4 1 -

-

-

-

PACKERS, SH IPPING (WOMEN) ---------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

192
190

2.20
2.20

1 .9 5
1.95

1 .7 3 1 .7 4 -

2 .8 2
2 .8 2

RE CEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

281
218
63

3 .03
3 .18
2 .51

3 .09
3.22
2 .4 5

2 .9 1 2 .9 7 2 .2 4 -

3 .28
3.34
2 .9 3

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

101
77

3 .0 4
3.07

2 .99
3 .02

2 .9 2 2 .9 1 -

3 .2 7
3 .3 4

SHIPPING AND RECE IV IN G CL ERKS ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

158
55

2 .7 9
2 .8 9

2 .7 6
2.79

2 .7 2 2 .7 5 -

2 .8 0
3 .1 3

_

2,110

3 .32
3 .15
3 .38
3 .56

3 .5 9
3 .23
3.81
3.83

2 .9 4 2 .8 3 2 .9 5 3 .0 0 -

3 .8 5
3 .70
3 .8 6
3 .8 7

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

”

■~

GUARDS AND W A TC HM EN ----------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

837
393
444

GUARDS:
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

TRUCKORIVERS5 ------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BLIC U T IL IT IE S4 --------------TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




540
1,570
1,094

222
41
181

682

210
472

1.68
2 .5 4

1.66

2 .61
2 .25
2 .6 9

2 .2 3
2 .0 8
2 .5 3

1 .9 4 2 .0 3 1 .8 6 -

3 .81
2 .2 8
3 .8 3

2 .95
3 .3 5
2 .7 7

2 .96
3 .75
2 .9 4

2 .7 4 2 .7 5 2 .7 4 -

3 .3 3
3 .8 3
3 .0 0

1

329

11

4
~

325

11

34
30
4

4
4

17

2

12

3

2
1

~

ii
n

5

2

~

18

-

-

-

_

-

17
-

25
*

_

-

-

-

“

5
“

1
1

1
~
1
“

-

94
41
53
*

-

16

~

24
24

37
13
24

25
16
9

32

15

12
20

64
61
3

126
1 15

76
76

29
29

3
3

14

11

“

~

“

1

1

i

12

1

61

86

76

29

3

-

-

29

-

-

-

-

213

210

147
146

1
1

_
~

_
~
“

_
-

6

3
3

1
~
1
1

62
41

31
30

32
32

21
21

1
1

-

190
1 72
18
-

22
75
“
-

17

78

-

*
-

4
4

27

30

1
26

30

-

11
11

3

4

32
32

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

60
28
32

20
20

-

-

50
48

30

21
20

_

“

-

10

37
36

~

~

172
158
14

-

"

“

-

62
19
43
4

“

_

110
110

“

-

-

7
7

350
332
18

-

~

25
25
-

20
7
7

-

40
19

201

92
55
37

-

110
32
32

-

6

-

_

_

~

_

_

“

_

_

~

-

-

-

33
4
29
“

87
•87
~

12
12

29
4
25

13

12

~

13

4

-

4
“
4

309
270
39

16

9
9

2

277
214
63

38
9
29

49
49

1 95
190
5

33
28
5

30
30

92
77
15

87
25
62

57
45

-

13
13

i
i

_

“
15
4

5

_

-

-

10

61
51

36
28

a

5

-

3

10

8

34

15

21

11

i
29

“

-

51
34
17
~

31
18
13
"

“

38

13

8
8

-

12

13

“

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

4

~

-

447
440
7

30

1
1

13
13

_

-

19 9
154
45
-

8
8

16
16

13

-

-

237
166
71
67

1
1

4
4

17

_

-

-

10

4

~

-

78

-

12

74

-

1

8
8

21

74

-

16

4
4

-

4

_

-

2
1
1

4

-

4

_

-

17
3
14

197
4
4

12
-

_

80
30
50

21

15
-

_
-

6
6

-

10

-

_
-

“

-

-

“

1

67
33
~

2

3

“

2
2

“

~

21
20
1

30

“
-

2

_

9
7

-

_

4

10

97

16

-

_

20

~

“

21
8

1
1
16

16
-

_
-

-

8
10

a

-

and

"

1 .3 0

-

39
39
-

15 1
15 1
-

_

_

-

-

1 98
19 8
-

15
15

4
4

12
12

2
2

“

“

18
18

4
4

_

-

-

-

71
71
-

16
16
“

34
34
-

-

-

-

17
13

7
7

9
9

-

_

-

-

7
3

4
4

-

_

-

1 56
96
60
30

69
64
5
”

91
52
39
”

874
84
790
7 81

81
~

-

-

_

107
26

13

-

7
-

12

“

9

11

9

38
33
5

51
23
28
18

13
13
4

59
4
55
42

266
32
2 34
217

1 69
80
89

4
4
-

15

43

229

74

-

12

43

217

8
66

9

‘
4

5
5

_

10

-

i

-

10
33
33
“

-

i

20
6

-

14

5

5

-

-

15
-

“

-

1

-

2
5

1

-

14

-

_
-

5

35
5
30

3
3
“

10
5
5

-

-

-

-

_
-

63

81

-

_
-

63

52
52

-

~

85
76
9

-

_

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v il le , K y .—
Ind. , N o v e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f

Hourly eamings2
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
w ifcers
o

$

$
$
%
%
$
$
$
$
$
i
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$

%

$

$

$

%

s
$
$
%
%
$
3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

and
u n d er
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 over

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5- CONT IN UE D
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

$
3.83
3. 2 A
3.85
3.85

$
3.393.163.813.83-

3.33

3.09

2.99- 3.8A

3.00
3.00
3.06

3.05
3.03
3.15

2.82- 3.27
2.82- 3.28
3.11- 3.19

3.28
3.32

3.29
3.A1

3 c 13- 3.53
3.19- 3.5A

7A5
181
56A
395

$
3.75
3.28
3.90
3.81

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TR AI LE R TYPE) --------

35

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1,511
1,387
12 A

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

182
168

1
2
3
4
5
6

$
3.87
3.30
3.89
3.88

9
9

_

2

-

-

2

62
A5
17

117
87
30

32
32

39

~

39

-

3
_

_

“

“

_

_

_

8

_

~

“

8

~

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - 1.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .
A ll w o r k e r s w e re a t $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 .




_
-

~

1AA
144
“

4
4

32
32
“

3
3
~

46
39
7

4
2
2

-

6

10

-

2

-

9
9
“

68
66
2

367
359
8

332
256
76

199
199
”

188
188
~

107
86
21

8
6

31
19

20
20

37
37

86
86

_

A03
8
395
395

f81
c
-

81
“

1A

-

_

_

-

-

~

_
-

_

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
an d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
an d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
an d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t li s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y han d.

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s , d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l li o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
an d sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

13

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
i n e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

14
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o no t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w h o h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s ^ m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d ro u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i tc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r
in t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a lls .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

15
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's ti m e w h ile a t
s w it c h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o t t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s an d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

G ENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e no t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w h o t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; an d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N —-C o n tin u e d

D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o*£ c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w i n g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s i n it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e , i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s no t in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e no t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
and/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s of, e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d ir e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ’ s h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

1
6
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

ST A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a t in g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t ’ s w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t i n g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y i n g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

17
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , to o l an d
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU ARD AND W ATCHM AN

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in dow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d o n th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

( O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , an d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

PACKER,

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f i t e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; in s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t , o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo ll o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )







A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ---T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys, c h e m ists, en g in eers, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 19 6 8 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
c e n t s a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the W age a n d Hour an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffic e , W ashin gton , D. C . , 204 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 * -----------S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------Allen tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
Ju n e 1968 1______________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1968 1------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 ----------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1968 1 ____
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968__________________________
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1-----------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1968 * ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y. , D e c . 1967_______________________________
B u r l i n g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------Can ton , Ohio, J u n e 1968 1_______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1_______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 * ___________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , Tenn. — a . , S e p t . 1968 1 ________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------C i n c in n a ti, Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1968 1--------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1968 1___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1968 1 ___________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1968 1 ______________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------------------------D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1 9 6 8 1-----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 1 ____________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1968 1 -------------------------------------F o r t Worth, T e x . , N ov. 1968 1_________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1968 1___________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1968 1___________________________
H o uston , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1_____________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 * _________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , Mo. — a n s . , S e p t . 1968 1--------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * _______
H
N
L i t t le R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1_______
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________
L ou isv ille, K y .—
Ind. , N ov. 1 9 6 8 _______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1 ____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 _____________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1968 1-----------------------------------------M idla n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1968 1________________
M ilw au k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1968____________________________

Bu lletin num ber
and p ric e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,
1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1575-41,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1625-28,
1625-16,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-1 1,
1575-64,
1625-33,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1625-29,
1575-72,
1575-67,

D a ta on esta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem en tary w age provision s are a lso presented.




Area

35 c e n t s M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 ______________S
30 c e n t s M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h ts , M i c h . , M a y 1968 * _______
M
30 c e n t s N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1968 * _____________
New H aven , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________
40 c e n ts New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
35 c e n t s New Y o r k , N. Y. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
50 c e n t s N o r fo l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
30 c e n t s
H a m p ton , V a. , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------35 c e n t s O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------30 c e n t s O m a h a , N e b r . —
Iow a, Oct. 1968 1 _______________________
C
P
35 c e n t s P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y 1968 1 __________
50 c e n t s P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1967 1___________________
N.
30 c e n t s P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1____________________________
20 c e n t s P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968_____________________________
30 c e n t s P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
30 c e n ts P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ___________________
W
30 c e n ts P r o v i d e n c e — a w tu c k e t — a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
P
W
M
35 c e n t s
M ay 1 9 6 8 ________________________________________________
50 c e n t s R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 1968 1 ____________________________
30 c e n t s R ic h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1967 1 ------------------------------------50c e n ts R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 1„
35 c e n t s R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1968 1______________________________
50c e n t s St. L o u i s , M o . —
111. , J a n . 1968_________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , Uta h, D e c . 1 9 6 7 ________________________
30 c e n t s S a n An ton io, T e x . , Ju n e 1968___________________________
R
O
30 c e n t s S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
25 c e n t s
Oct. 1968 1-------------------------------------------------------------30 c e n t s S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
35 c e n t s Sa n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1968______________
O
35c e n t s S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
35 c e n t s S a v a n n a h , G a. , M a y 1968 1 --------------------------------------30 c e n t s S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
45 c e n t s S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N ov. 1967 1 ___________________
E
30 c e n t s S i o u x F a l l s , S. Dak. , Oct. 1968 1 ______________________
30 c e n t s South B e n d, I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________
20 c e n t s S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
45 c e n t s S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ____________________________
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1 9 6 8 ______________
30 c e n t s T a m p a —
35 c e n t s T o l e d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b . 1968________________________
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1_____________________________
30 c e n t s U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------R
30 c e n t s W ashin gton , D. C . —
Md. — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ______________
V
30 c e n t s W a te r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________
35 c e n ts W a te r lo o , Iow a, Nov. 1968 1 ____________________________
30 c e n ts W ich ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1967 --------------------------------------35 c e n t s W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1968 1 ________________________
30 c e n t s Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1--------------------------------------------30 c e n t s Y ou ngstow n — a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1967 1 _______________
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
16 2 5 - 2
1575-70,
1575-39,
1575-35,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
20
30

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents

1625-25,
1625-32,
1575-37,
1625-21,
1575-73,
1625-12,
1575-29,
1625-23,
1575-56,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1575-43,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1575-53,
1625-31,
1575-31,
1575-76,
1575-42,
1575-25,

40
30
25
30
30
35
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
30 c e n t s
cents
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
35c e n t s
20 c e n t s
cents
cents
25 c e n t s

30
30
30
35
35
35
30
30
30

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S DEPARTMENT OP LABOR
.

WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O F F IC IA L




B U S I N ESS

Ih RST CLASS fA A \CJ'
L


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102