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The Fort Worth, T exas, M etropolitan Area
November 1968

Hu I let i n

No.

1625-2 7




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LA BO R S T A T IS T IC S

\

R E G IO N III
P M li-A O E U P H lA

Region II
> .
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N .Y . 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
D allas, T ex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Fort Worth, Texas, Metropolitan Area
N ovem ber 1 9 6 8

B u lle tin

No. 1 6 2 5 -2 7
M a rc h 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Docum ents, U .S . Governm ent Printing O ffice, W a sh in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents







Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e taile d d ata by se le c te d in d u stry d ivision fo r each
of th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
t h e ' n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n t o (1) th e m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t t h e e n d of e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p l e t i o n of a l l of t h e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h of the m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s
stu d ie d into one b u lle tin . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a tio n w hich h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n ited S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly
e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d p e r c e n t s of
c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________________________

4

6

A.

O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s :
7
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ___________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m e n ..
m
9
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
10
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
11
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________
12

B.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age p r o v i s io n s :
B -l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om eno ffice w o r k e r s . . .
B -2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________
B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _____________________
B - 7 . M ethod of w ag e d e t e r m in a t io n and f r e q u e n c y of
p a y m e n t _______________________________________________________

N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d i n th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s bien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y in
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , in N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t ­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u of
th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s of J o h n s o n a n d
T a r r a n t C ou n ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u ­
r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e i n D a l l a s , T e x . , u n d e r the g e n e r a l
d ir e c t io n of B o y d B. O 'N e a l, A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
for O p eration s.

1
5

A ppen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

NOTE:

iii

S im ilar

tab u latio n s a r e

av ailab le

fo r other

14
15
16
17
18
20
21
23




Area Wage Survey---The Fort Worth, Tex., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ’ s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and oth er pu b lic u tilitie s;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
se rv ice s.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s exclu d ed f r o m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h av in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tip n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a ra te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b l i ­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e . e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to t h e
s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y
f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e e n ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p resen ted re fle ct com p o site, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d if fe r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, t h u s , co n tr ib u te d if fe r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f t h e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , alth o u gh the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w it h in t h e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and allo w f o r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b elo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O ccu p atio n s and E a r n in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to tak e ac c o u n t of in ter e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u t i e s w it h in t h e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the jo b t it l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e
of the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of in d iv id u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e of t h e s t u d y a n d not t h e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m t h e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y of t h e
e a r n in g s data.
E st a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( i n t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New Yodc State
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s a s they
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e l a t e to p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u tiv e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t i l i z e d
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk fo rc e a r e exclu ded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
v^orkin g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or re la te d fu n ction s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and the p r o b a b ilit y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tran c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e l im it e d to plan t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on t h e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e of th e
su rvey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y ,
t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la t e - sh ift h o u rs a r e p aid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe re n tial w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y of the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o
a l l of th e p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s of t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed u led
w ee k ly h o u rs a r e th o se w hich fu ll- tim e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c ted to
w o rk , w hether they w e r e p a id fo r at s tr a ig h t - t im e or o v e r tim e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s; and fr e q u e n c y of w age p a y m en t (t a b le s B - 4 th ro u gh B -7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of su c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v en tu ally qu alify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
S u m s of in d ivid u al
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
rounding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The f ir s t

p a r t of t h e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (tab le B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s . n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f it s . P r o v i s i o n s of an e s t a b l i s h m e n t fo r a ll le n g th s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s ap p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o th e r th an a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s t h e e q u i v ­
alen t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v in g s p la n s and
t h o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyon d b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . Such p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a u nion fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
t h e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
for this p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h av e a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p l a n , e v e n if l e s s t h a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to co n trib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
g a lly re q u ir e d p la n s , su ch a s w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u rity , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
i n s u r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t ly
to the in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b i l it y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su c h p la n s to w hich the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s.
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i lit y i n su r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u i r e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s, 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d th e
r e q u ir e m e n t s of the law .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e
lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w hich p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r tio n of the
w o r k e r ' s p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d to ta l i s show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a ta stro p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p ita liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m en t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n su r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on profit o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y t h e e m p l o y e r ou t o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u la tio n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d to th o se p la n s
th a t p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r ' s life .
M eth o d of w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n (tab le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a id u n d e r v a r i o u s t im e and in ­
cen tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d er a sin g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e is p a id
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a id ab o v e o r b elow the s in g le r a te




fo r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but su c h p a y m e n ts a r e e x c e p tio n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r t h e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on th e
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h t h e r a n g e . In t h e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
t h e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s o f i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of t h e l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m in e d r a te is paid
f o r e a c h u n it o f o u t p u t . P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l d s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e r c e n ta g e .
D ata
tab le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

provided

in

4

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ithin S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in F o r t W o rth , T e x . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s tr y D iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1968
N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y ’

S tu d ie d

T o ta l4

S tu d i

P la n t
N um ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

A ll d i v i s i o n s __________________________________

-

478

132

126, 300

100

82, 100

19, 500

89, 200

M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____________________________________
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 8 ______________________________________

50
-

196
282

53
79

79, 600
46, 700

63
37

53, 300
28, 800

10, 500
9, 000

60, 940
28, 260

50
50
50
50
50

15

12,
4,
20,
5,
4,

10

101

43
51

44
43

12

25
13
14

100
200
400
300
700

3
16
4
4

7, 000
(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(6 )

1,

800
(6)
(6 )
(6 )
(‘ )

9,
1,
13,
2,
1,

340
160
250
750
760

1 T h e F o r t W o rth S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th ro u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 68, c o n s i s t s o f J o h n s o n a n d T a r r a n t C o u n t ie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in
s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e no t in te n d e d ,
h o w e v e r, to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t
d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d st u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n in r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s n o t
d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d "n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a t a f o r _ t h i s d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s
a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t io n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e F o r t W o rth a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t______ 55
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 9
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 9
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l n r o d u c t s ......... 5

A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s _______________47
C o n s t r u c t io n a n d r e l a t e d
m a c h in e r y ______________________ 7
M o to r v e h i c l e s an d e q u ip m e n t .. 6
M e a t p r o d u c t s ___________________ 4

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e Z a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r io d (d a te of the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c ted
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f the i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T hese e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and
late sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e .d o n d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
The in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n ge , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w ag e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n sta n t, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e ra b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n stan t w eights re fle c t b a s e y e a r
e m p loy m en ts w h e rev er p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r Z c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r t h e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g the w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
Carpenters
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Cleiks, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Cleiks, order
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Pipefitters
Cleiks, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Office boys and girls
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s of S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s
in F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968 an d N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 7 , a n d P e r c e n t s of C h a n g e 1 f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
Indexes
(N o v e m b e r 1960=100)
I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p

P e r c e n t s of c h a n g e 1
N ovem ber
1967
to
N ovem ber
1968

N ovem ber
1966
to
N ovem ber
1967

Novem ber
1965
to
Novem ber
1966

N ovem ber
1964
to
Novem ber
1965

Novem ber
1963
to
Novem ber
19 6 4

N ovem ber
1968

Novem ber
1967

A ll in d u str ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ___________
U n sk ille d p lan t (m en)
........

1 4 1 .7
1 3 4 .8
137.2
1 5 0 .6

1 3 2 .0
1 2 7 .0
1 3 1 .1
1 3 7 .9

7.4
6.1
4 .7
9.2

6.1
5 .6
5.6
7 .8

4 .7
5 .5
3 .6
7 .0

2 .4
4 .0
4 .0
6.4

4.3
2 .7
5 .0
3.4

M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e (men)..
. .... ...
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t (m e n )

(2)
134.1
1 3 4 .8
136.9

(2)
1 2 8 .0
129.2
1 2 5 .6

(2 )
4 .8
4.4
9.0

(2)
5 .5
4 .9
5 .8

(2)
6 .7
3.7
5 .0

(2 )
3.4
3.9
6 .8

(2 )
3.1
4 .6
3- . l

Novem ber
1962
to
Novem ber
1963
A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en)
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ________ __
U n sk ille d plan t (m en)
M an u factu rin g:
O ffice c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en)
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m en )..
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en)
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

N ovem ber
1961
to
Novem ber
1962

N ovem ber
1960
to
N ovem ber
1961

4.1
2 .3
3.5

3 .0
4 .9
2.5
1.1

3.6
3—.5
3.4
3 .6

4.3
.5
3.8
0

(2 )
2 .3
3 .2
2 .9

3 .2
4 .8
2.1
3- 1 . 0

3.8
3—. 5
3 .6
4.0

6 .5
1.0
3.4
3.9

3 .7

1 U n le ss o th erw ise in dicated, all a re i n c r e a s e s .
2 D a t a do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
3 T h i s d e c l i n e l a r g e l y r e f l e c t s e m p l o y m e n t c h a n g e s w it h in an d b e t w e e n h i g h - a n d l o w - w a g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s r a t h e r t h a n w a g e




N ovem ber
1959
to
Novem ber
1960

decreases.

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv is io n , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f—
S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
woiLets

Average
weekly
boM
i^
(standard)

$
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

U nder
*
55

*

i

55

6C

*
65

$
70

t

%

75

80

S

$

t

85

90

95

$
100

S

S
105

11 0

S
11 5

*

t

1 20

12 5

$

$
1 30

14C

1

S
15 0

160

and
u n der
60

170

and
65

7C

75

80

___ 95

85

100

■AO-5

-llfl-

2

5

11

2
2

5
5

11
“

12
1
11
7

13C

14 0

150

160

1
1
-

11 5 _ U £ _ _ L 2 5 _

54
9
45
28

1C
9
1
1

12
12
-

170 over

FEN
C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------

152
51
101
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
133.00
145.00
1 2 7.00
1 3 0.50

$
1 3 5 .5 0
15C .00
132 .5 0
1 3 6 . CO

$
$
1 1 8 . 5 0 - 1 4 9 . 5C
1 3 3 .5 0 -1 6 C .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

25
13
12
12

-

1

9

8

2

3

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

13
4

16
2

3
“

-

8
8

5
2

2
2

1
1

-

-

11
11

“

5
4

2
2

2

_

-

1
1

21

7

7

3

3

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

1
1

11
7

10
10

2

7

3

9

1

5

-

3
3

12
10

2
*

22
14

-

13
13

4

_
-

-

_
-

28
7
21

32
1C
22

30
12
18

13

17
10
7

9
5
4

6

“

-

28
25
3

12
10
2

28
19
9

54
50
4

12
12
-

17
17

2
2

*

103
32
71
3

47
28
19
7

35
5
30
12

16
9
7
“

21
13
8

44
35
9
9

7
1
6

_
-

_
-

i
i
“

-

_
-

—
-

-

6

23
16
7
7

-

2
2

-

_

20
20

-

-

4 C .0

1 0 4.00

104 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

115.50
1 22.00

11 1 . C 0 1 0 5 . 5 0 - 1 2 6 . 0 0
1 2 4 . CO 1 2 0 . 5 0 - 1 2 9 . 0 0

O F F IC E BOYS ---------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

51
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

74.5 0
75 .0 0

7 1 . CO
7 2 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 -

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

-

_

2
2

21
11

12
11

1
1

5
5

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ----------- --------------------------------

52

3 9.5

87.00

8 4 .50

8 1 .5 0 -

93.5 0

-

5

-

-

-

2

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B OOKKE EP ING
MACHI NE) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

49
39

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

78.5 0
7 7 .5 0

8C .C0
7 9 .5 0

7 3 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 -

9 C .0 0
90.5 0

_

4
4

4
4

2
2

4
—

BOOKKEE PI NG-MACHI NE O PE RA TOR S,
C L A S S A ---------------------------------------------

43

4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0

8 3 .5 0

7 3 . 5 0 - 1 0 1 . CO

-

-

-

6

BOOKKEE PI NG-MACHI NE O PE RA TOR S,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

66
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

81 .5 0
8 1 . CO

7 1 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 -

9C .50
90.5 0

1
1

6
6

3
3

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL ASS A -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

288
185
103

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 3.00
1 2 2.00
97.5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 7 . CO 1 0 6 . 5 0 - 1 3 4 . 0 0
92.5 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

_
“

_
-

-

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL ASS B -------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING — ,------------- -----P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------

523
225
298
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

84 .0 0
88 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
95.0 0

81.5 0
8 4 .5 0
8C .50
9 4 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 - 92.5 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 1 0 4 . CO
7 2 . 0 0 - E 8.C 0
8 5 .C 0 -1 1 C .0 0

_
-

i
i
-

11

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

51
43

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

86 .0 0
88 .0 0

8 1 . CO
9 7 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
6 6 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

_

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

226
209

3 9.5
3 9 .5

68.5 0
6 8 .5 0

6 7 .5 0
67.5 0

6 4 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 -

71.0 0
7 1 .0 0 *

-

-

C L E R K S , CRDEP ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

165
132

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

80.5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

8C .C 0
74.5 0
8C .50

7 4 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 -

85.00
9 2 .5 0
84 .0 0

“

C L E R K S , PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------

160
86
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0
92.0 0
96.0 0

8 9 .5 0
86.5 0
9 2 . CO

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 97.5 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

1 41
74
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 4.50
87 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

8 0 . CO
8 4 .5 0
7 6 . CO

7 2 .0 0 - 94.5 0
7 6 .5 0 -1 C C .5 0
6 8 .5 0 - 86 .5 0

-

CL A SS

9
7
2
-

l
1

33
60
31

ACCOUNTING,

9
9
9

6

B --------

C L E R K S , ORDER ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

CLERKS,

2
~
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

WOMEN

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




33

-

*

6

7

81
28
53

-

67
23
44
5

6

34
32
2

9
7

14
12

1
1

1
1

4
~

-

68
66

89
82

54
50

7
5

4
4

7
4

14
6
8

23
8
15

38

3

24
14
10

-

38

43
43

-

3

-

4
3
1

9
7
2

12
5
7

14
12
2

26
13
13

18
11
7

22
9
13

11
1
1C

16

19

13
1C
3

6
-

6

4
2

“

12

-

-

~
-

11

66

6

25
19

17

6

1C

13

6

11

6

3

6

“

6

9

_

“

9

-

15
11
4

4
3
1

4
i
3

6
-

5

6

5

2
2

3
3

5
4
1

19
8
11

1
1

i

-

3

•

-

**

-

_

i

-

3

_
“

4
4

5
5
“

4
4

1
1

6

3
l
2

*

1
1
*

-

-

-

7
1

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—

S e x , occu p a tio n, and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

1 -------- T -------T —
55
60
65
Under
$
and
under
55

i -------- r

*

$

s

S

S

t

%

*

%

$

S

$

T ------- S
“5----1 70
150
160

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

120

125

130

140

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

13C

140

15C

1 60

an d

60

WOMEN -

65

7C

1
1

3

4

-

61
28
33

22
8
14

19
13
6

25
12
13

9
8
1

7
6
1

3
5

ll
11
”

22
20
2

32
31
1

1
1
“

3
3
”

-

3

13
10
3

40
40

4

12
~
12

34
9
25

59
14
45

52
5
47

39
10
29

13
2
11

60
34
26

2
2
*

5
1
4

6
6

62
62

23
23

33
33

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

22
15

21
17

4
2

-

-

-

20
20

7
7

10
8

3

3
1
2
-

27
8
19
6

42
25
17
~

_
-

-

1

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

281
194
87

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
104.00
111.00
88 .0 0

$ .
98.5 0
1 1 9.50
8 5 . CO

$
$
8 4 . 00-12fc,.CC
9 1 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 96.0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

401
202
199

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

91.0 0
103.50
78 .0 0

8 7 . CO
1 1 1.50
7 7 . CO

7 4 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 8 3 .5 0

84
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

84.0 0
86 .5 0

7 0 . CO
10C.CO

6 5 .0 0 -1 C 4 .0 0
6 5 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

974
503
471
119

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 3.50
122.50
1 03.50
1 15.00

9 5 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 2 8 . CO 1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 3 8 . 0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 2 . CO
1 1 5 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

69
33
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

1 13.50
115.50
112.00

1 1 7 . CO 9 7 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 . 0 0
1 2 0 . CO 1 0 2 . 5 0 - 1 3 6 . CO
1 0 4 .5 0
8 9 . 0 0 - 1 3 3 . CO

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S E ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

235
113
122
43

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39*5
4 0 .0

112.50
116 .0 0
1C 9.50
1 C 9.00

1 0 6 .5 0
1C3.C0
1 1 C . 50
1 1 3 .5 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 e .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 2 C .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

358
122
30

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 19.50
104 .0 0
125.00

127 .5 0 1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
102 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 7 . CO 1 1 7 . 0 0 - 1 4 1 . 0 0

-

_

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

311
121
19C
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 06.50
1 20.50
9 8 .0 0
111.50

102 .5 0
126 .5 0
98.5 0
111.C O

9 1 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------NCNMANUFACTURING-------------- --------------

773
324

4 0 .0
4C .0

1 03.00
8 5 .5 0

111 .5 0
8 5 . CO

8 5 .5 0 -1 2 C .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 89 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SEN IO R --------------------- —
NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

318
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

115.50
1 C 5.50

1 3 5 .0 0
1 0 2 . CO

9 3 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

122 .5 0

O F F IC E G I R L S --------------------------------------■ MANUFACTURING ------------------------------ —

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

C L A S S A -------

55

4 0 .0

1 18.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS B ------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

101
94

4 2 .0
4 2 .0

73.50
73.0 0

7 5 . CO
7 4 .5 0

6 2 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 -

84 .5 0
84 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD C P E R A T O R - R E C F P T IO N IS T S MANUFAC T U R I N G ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

154
56
98

4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0
79.5 0
79.5 0

7 7 . CO
8C .50
7 4 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 7 1 .5 0 -

8 6 . CO
86.50
84.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL AS S B --------------------------------------------------

27

4 0 .0

10 2 .5 0

TR ANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERAT CR S,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

145
52
93

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

76.0 0
76.0 0
76.0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f t a b le .




170 o v er

1 0 5 . CO 1 0 0 . 5 0 - 1 1 0 . 0 0

7 3 . CO
73.5 0
72.5 0

6 9 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 -

84 .0 0
81.50
86.00

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

*

-

_
-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

6
6

2
1
-

8
8
~

1

-

37
11
26

76
10
66
8

52
30
22
1

66
12
54
9

115
40
•5
11

45
8
37
11

31
6
25
13

51
19
32
12

59
39
20
7

9C
66
24
19

177
1 53
24
11

62
42
20
9

21
18
3
2

4
2
2
~

13
13
~

4
i
3

9
2
7

4
2
2

9
3
6

1

6
6
~

3
3

15
10
5

-

-

2

1
1

-

1

8
5
3

2

-

2
2
”

2

2

21
18
3
-

2
2

15
1
14
fc

11
11

40
33
7
“

18
18
8

8
8
3

21
21
10

12
1
11
2

7
3
4
2

13
3
10
4

23
17
6
1

8
7
1
1

2
2
*

10
10

“

18
5
13
-

8
i

12
6
“

28
22
2

18
11
-

7
4
-

18
17
2

11
5
2

12
8
1

18
8
2

22
8
4

32
7
7

135
6
2

12
9
8

12
1
“

-

3
~

12

4
4

19
18
1
1

47
38
9
9

14
11
3
3

25
22
3

-

-

13
8
5

12

19
2
17

24
1
23

21
10
11
1

37
2
35
9

48
3
45
9

15
2
13
1

1
1

24
17

61
61

20
15

78
68

88
87

36
27

28
21

9
5

6
~

31
6

25
11

12
6

22
10

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

3

3

~

-

1
6

-

-

9

-

2

-

-

-

9
9

-

6
6

129
5

79
“

204
2

7
6

3
3

“

~

“

-

27
22

2
2

3
3

5
4

6
6

2
2

157

1C
10

-

_

-

“

”

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

1

-

2

-

3

8

2

13

-

19

1

-

-

-

s 16
16

1
1

18
18

9
7

6
6

23
20

4
4

10
10

1
1

2
2

1

1

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_
“

1

~

49
10
39

24

15
6
9

7
2
5

9

10
14

22
13
9

8
8

1

19
7
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

1

-

8

7

_

_
—
-

6
3
3

4C
11
29

48
18
30

8
5
3

10
8
2

25
2
23

2
2

_

_
-

3
3

_

1

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

1

2

*

*

-

-

9

“

9

6
_

_

_

“

-

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w eekly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stud ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a i g h t- tim e w eekly e a r n in g s of—

$

Average
weekly

S e x , occu pa tion, and in d u stry d iv isio n

U nder

h ou rs1

(standard) Mean2

S

55

$

WOMEN -

CONTINUED

$

$

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3---------

188
93
95
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

9 3 . CO
1 0 6 .5 0
81.5 0
83 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------

269
71
198
58

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
72.0 0
7 4 .0 0
80 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
7 1 . CO
7 3 .5 0
77.5 0

$

$

$

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1C0

105

110

115

120

125

%
%
%
130
140

65

60

$

60

55
and
u n d er

$

$

7C

75

80

85

9C

95

100

105

HO

115

120

125

13C

J J i f l ___ 1 5 P „

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1

2

15

1

15

%
,
%
150
160

170

l t , C ___ L 2 f l _ o v e r

$
18

8 1 .0 0 1 0 7.50
9 4 .5 0 1 13.00
7 5 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
6 6 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 -

*

1

15

51

22

11

41

57
16
41

1
1

1
1

48

29

52

7 9 .5 0
81J00
7 9 JOO
8 C .00

16
2
2

22

13

28

20

14

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t he w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d t h e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d i v i d i n g b y t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
t h a n the r a t e sh o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n t h e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f t h e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n th e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s an d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n
the h i g h e r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 M a y include w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
5 W o r k e rs w e re d istrib u ted a s follow s:
5 a t $ 4 0 to $ 4 5 ; 1 0 at $ 4 5 t o $ 5 0 ; an d 1 a t $ 5 0 t o $ 5 5 .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
W eekly e arn in g s1
(standard )

Number
Sex, occupation, and indu stry d ivision
w °*“

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a i g h t- tim e w eekly e a rn in g s of—
*

~i
w eekly
h ou rs1
( standard)

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$

t

r

*

$

1

$

$

$

$

s

s

f

$

$

S

%

{

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

13 5

1 40

15C

1 60

17C

ISO

190

200

80

85

9C

95

100

1C5

11C

115

12C

126

130

135

160

150

16C

170

iec

190

200

210

6

70

4C
39

23
23

55

and
under

-

75
MEN
CRAFTSMEN, C L A SS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

144
136

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
169.00
1 6 9.50

$
1 7 1 . C0
172.50

$
$
1 5 8 . 0 0 - 1 7 8 . CO
1 5 9 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

173
156

4 0 .0
4C .0

132.00
130.00

1 3 2.50
1 3 1 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 C .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0

CRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

74
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

113.50
113.00

1 1 5 . CO 1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 2 4 . CO
1 1 5 . CO 1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 2 3 . CO

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -------------------------

42

4 0 .0

88 .5 0

8 4 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 -

98.5 0

-

_

-

-■

1

15

fc
5

-

_
-

_

7
7

21
21

17
17

14
8

22
22

12
12

35
35

27
25

8
7

5
1

7
7

11
11

n
10

11
10

1
l

_

2

1

1
1

1
1

3

2
2

21
21

13

6

6

6
5

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

“

~

~

~

A
i

_

16
14

fc

6

1

2

1

_

2
1

13
13

55

5

5

WOMEN
N U R SE S, INDUSTRIAL ( R E G I S T E R E D )
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

51
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

140.00
142.50

142.50
143.50

1 3 4 . 0 0 - 1 5 2 . CO
1 4 0 . 0 0 - 1 5 3 . CO

_
_

_

_
-

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
F o r definition o f t e r m s , se e ,fo o tn o te 2, tab le A - l .




_
-

_
_

'

2
2

1
”

_
“

5
5

s a l a r i e s (exclu siv e of pay for o v ertim e at re g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m

rates

13

).

1
1

a n d th e e a r n i n g s

correspond

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n . F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
A verage

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

O FFICE

N um ber
of
w orkers

OCCU PA TION S

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MAC HI NE ) ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

A verage

Average

N um ber
W e ek ly
W e ek ly
hours 1 e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d a rd ) (sta n d a rd )

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

of
w ork e r,

OFFICE

OCC U PA TIO N S -

W e ek ly

W e ek ly

hours 1 tamings 1
(standard] (standard)

CONTINUED

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

O FFIC E

OCC U PA TIO N S

-

Number
ef
worker*

Weekly
hour* 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

199

40 .0
40 . 0
4C.0

$
91 .0 0
10 3.50
78 . 0 0

T A B U L A T lN G —
MACHINE O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

37
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
13 9 .5 0
13 9 .0 0

401

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

f 2 .sc
9 4 . CC

KEYPUNCH CPr RA T O R S, C L A S S B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------

39

4 C. 0
3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

O F F I C E BC YS AND G I R L S
MANUFACTURING -------NCNMANUFACTURING —

135
83
52

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

80.50
84 .5 0
74.50

TA B U LA T IN G - M A CH IN E C P E R A T C R S ,
C L A S S - B ----------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

50
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
10 2 .0 0

45

4C .C

8 5 .0 0

66

S E C R E T A R I E S 3-------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

978
503
475
123

40 .0
40 .0
39.5
4C .0

11 3. 50
12 2. 50
1C 4. 00
11 6. 00

TRANSCRI8ING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

145
52
93

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

120.00

SECRETA RIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------NCNMANUFACTURING ----

69
33
36

40.0
40 . 0
39.5

113.50
11 5. 50
11 2. 00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

235
113

SE C R E T A R IES, CLASS C
NCNMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

362
126
34

40 . 0
39.5
40.0

120.00
1 0 5. 50
1 2 8. 50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------------------

279
71
208
65

4C .C
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C .0

7 5 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

82

8 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

43

230
326

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SECRETA RIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NCNMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

1 1 2. 50
11 6. 00
10 9 . 5 0
1C 9. 00

189
93
96
38

1 2 7 .0 0

39.5
40 .0
39.5
40.0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

CLER KS, F I L E , CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

54
46

4 C .0
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

311

CLER KS, F I L F , CLASS C
NCNMANUFACTURING —

229

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

SECRETA RIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ---------NCNMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

190
42

40 .0
40 . 0
4C.C
40 .0

1 0 6. 50
12 0. 50
98 . 0 0
11 1. 50

DR AF T SM EN , C L A S S A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

144
136

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

169 .0 0
1 6 9 .5 0

C L E R K S , CRCCR ---------MANUFACTURING —
NCNMANUFACTURING

225
64

4C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 . OC
I C C . 00

S TE N O G R A PH E R S, GEN FRAL
NCNMANUFACTURING ----

773
324

40 . 0
40 . 0

1 C 3. 00
85 . 5 0

C RA FT SM E N , C L A S S B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

175
157

4C .C
4 0 .0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

S T E N O G R A PH E R S, S E N I O R
NONMANUFACTURING —

319
83

40 .0
40 .0

11 5. 50
10 6. 00

DR A FT SM EN , C L A S S C -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

82
64

4 0 .0
4 C .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

C R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S ----------------------------------

46

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ' ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

53
48

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B C C K K EE PI N G
MACHI NE) --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------B O C K K EE P IN G- M AC H IN E c p e p a t c r s ,
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------BO CK K EE PI N G - M A CH IN E o p e r a t o r s ,
C L A S S 8 ------------------------------------ -----NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------

59

45
49

50

C L E R K S , AC COU NT IN G, C L A S S A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I A I G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------

44C
236
204

C L E R K S , AC COU NT IN G, C L A S S e
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------

556

87

212
161

1 2 7 .0 0

112.00

86.00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

COMPTCMETER C P ER A T CR S
MANUFACTURING -------NCNMANUFACTURING —

141
74
67

4 0 .0
4 C .0
3 9 .5

8 4 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------

285

4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0

1C 4 .0 0

194
91
28

1 1 1 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R S ,

CLASS

A

55

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

102

SWITCHBOARC C P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I C N I S T S MANUFAC T U R I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

154
56

95

98

11 8. 50

42 .0
42 .0

74 . 0 0
73 .5 0

40.0
40 . 0
40.0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND TE CH NI CA L
OCCU PAT IO NS

79 . 5 0
79 . 5 0
79 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 C .0

8 9 . CO
139 .5 0
141 .5 0

8 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




O
O

81

121

O

171

122

O

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

9C

202

r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n in g s

11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( Av e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i me hour l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c up a t i o ns s t udi ed on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i ndus t r y di vi s i on, F o r t Wor t h, Te x . , N o v e mb e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i me h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of —

H ourly e a r n in g s 1

Oc c upa t i on and i n d u s t r y di vi s i on

™

*

'

workers

Mean2

Under 2* ° °
Middle range2 $
and
2 . CC u n d e r

Median2

s

*

*

$

2 . 1 0 2 * 20 2. 3C
-

-

$

t

$

5

2. 40 2. 50 2.60 2.70

-

-

-

-

-

-

_______________________________________________ 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 C 2 . 5 C 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ----------------

111

$
3.54

$
3. 71

_

-

1

E L E C T R IC IA N S . MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

371
327

3.83
3.83

3.96
3. 94

3. 71- 4.07
3.71- 4.05

-

-

-

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

113
71
42

3.48
3.68
3. 14

3.59
3. 74
3. 15

3. C4- 3. 79
3. CS- 3. 79
2. 68- 3.58

-

6
6

H ELP ER S, MAINTENANCE TRACES -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

161
117

2.69
2.84

2.49
2.89

M A CH INISTS. MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

121
108

3. 86
3. 86

4.01
4.01

MECHANICS, ALTOMCTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

196
84
112
96

3 . Cl
3.25
2.82
2.82

2.87
3.38
2.55
2. 38

2.382.832.342.33-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

393
373

3.33
3.32

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

95
95

O ILER S --------------------------------------------------

102
102

manufacturi ng

-----------------------------

$

3.19
3.32

3. e3- 4.06
3. e3- 4.05

4
2

-

-

9

»

-

-

i

R

%

-

2 . 9 C 3 . CO 3 . 1 0

-

-

3.28
3. 21

2.843.85
2. 83- 3.80

-

-

3.36
3.36

3.28
3.28

3. 15- 3.82
3. 15- 3.82

-

-

-

2.95
2.95

3.10
3.10

2.472.47-

3.33
3.33

-

8
8

4

3.34-

3.65

90

3. 53

3. 54

28
28

3. 32
3. 32

3.68
3.6e

2.772.77-

TOOL AND D IF MAKERS ------------------------

240
24C

4.15
4.15

4.06
4.06

4 . Cl - 4 . 3 3
4 . Cl - 4 . 3 3

3.78
3.78

1 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f or o v e r t i me a nd f o r wo r k on we e k e nd s ,
2 F o r def i ni t i on of t e r ms , s e e f oot not e 2, t a bl e A - l .
3 Tr a ns p o r t a t i o n, c o mmu ni c a t i o n, a nd ot her publ i c ut i l i t i es .

-

-

£
-

-

-

4

-

3

1

4
4

-

-

t

-

-

i

t

i

i

i

3 . 6 0 3 - 8C ^ - c 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 C

-

-

-

-

-

i

4. 60 4.80

-

-

-

3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 C 3 . 6 C 3 . 8 0 4 . CC 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 C 4 . 6 C 4 . 8 0 6 . PC

-

3
3

1

-

-

12
12
12

4
-

-

7

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

3
-

-

44
44

25
25

2

46
46

-

4

4

3
3
3

7
7
2
2

-

-

-

6

1
1

-

a nd l at e s hi f t s .

-

-

-

-

-

-

e

2

1

5

-

-

27
27

13

31
30

-

7

9

-

13
13

10

2
2
7
7

-

-

-

4
-

-

36
S
27

-

-

S

5

-

-

5

20
20
14

1

-

10
10

5
5

-

4
4

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

5
-

27 -

73
73

40

4

-

64
C

5

-

-

6
6
-

-

6

15
7

13
13

-

-

-

-

2

36
3
25
21

8
8

1
1

5
5

6
6

10
7

-

1
1

3
3

25
25

-

6

5

-

-

-

5
2

22
22

1

37
37
-

15
12

-

-

141
114

-

2

-

8

6

-

2

7

74
69

4

-

4
4

11

49
47

-

2

2
2

-

6
11
11

6
6
6

43

8
7

-

-

11
10

24
3
l

-

20
20

-

22
22
-

-

29
29

-

-

-

4
-

2
2

5

-

-

2

4
13
1

28
28

19
19

-

-

-

-

-

13

7
1
1

-

-

1
-

43
43

-

-

4

43
-

-

ho l i da ys ,

5
-

2
4

40
40

17
14
3

3

13
13

3
2
2

3
3

3
3
-

-

e
2

3

2

-

-

14
13

4
2

25
14

-

2

-

-

-

23
16

2

-

-

1

8

3.68
3.68
3.69
3. 81

1

-

2

-

1

12
-

9

1

-

1

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------




-

-

P A IN TE R S, MAINTENANCE --------------------

MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------

t

$

3.4e- 3 . 79

2.272.43-

i

2 * 8C 2 . 9 0 3 - o c 3 * l c 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 C

10
10

79
39
29

35 24
24

3C
30

-

-

-

-

3C
3C

118
118

-

-

-

34
34

-

1C
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

35
35

-

-

-

-

12
T a b le A-5.

C u sto d ial and M aterial M ov em en t O ccu p ation s

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho url y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s st udi ed on an a r e a b a s i s
by in du s tr y di v is io n , F o r t Worth, T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings2
O c c u p a t i o n 1 and i n d u s tr y d iv i si o n

“
workers

Mean3

Median3

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho ur ly e a r n i n g s of—

Middle range3

U n d e r * * 611 * * 70 * * 80 * * 9C 2 * 0C 2 * 10 2 * 2 °
S
and
1 . 6 0 u nd er
~

______________________________________________________________________________________________ 1 . 7 C
GUARDS AND W A T C H M E N -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

587
433

$
2.65
3.01

$
3.03
3.23

$
$
1.75- 3.29
2.533.42

GUARDS:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

380

3.18

3.25

3.C5-

14

1.80

2 .2 0 2.3C

2.60

2* 7°

2.60 2.70 2 .80

2* 8°

2*™

2.90

3*°°

3.10

—
2.40

2* 6°

—

3.20 3.30 3.40
—

—

1.50

3.60 3.70

—

3 . A0 3 . 5 C

3.CC 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 C

—

3.60

_

—

3.70 3.80

-

7

27
27

13
10

11
8

22
2

11
11

11
11

19
19

-

1
-

-

5
5

1
-

27
27

41
41

6
6

13C
130

4
4

89
e9

-

36
36

-

3.43

119

1 . 9 0 2.CC 2 . 1 C

2 * 30 2 * « C 2 * 5°

-

2

-

-

-

11

1C

19

-

-

-

5

-

27

41

6

13C

4

69

-

36

23
13
1C

15
14
1

31
25
2

110
e7
23
23

105
100
5
S

8
8
-

1C5
1C9
-

WATCHMEN:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

53

1.78

1.78

1.73- 1.89

7

25

10

8

2

JANITORS, PCRTERS, AND CL FANERS --M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S4---------------

1,343
797
546
75

2.23
2.55
1.77
2.41

2.02
2.71
1.68
2.47

1.692.79
2.C22.94
1.631.85
1.95- 2.77

49
45
-

306
31
275
4

97
30
67
10

118
78
40
1

85
45
36

72
52
2C
3

27
22
5
4

JANITCRS. PJRTERS, ANC CLFANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

149
132

1.69
1.64

1.66
1.65

1.63- 1.70
1.62- 1.68

6
6

112
111

11
4

B

2
1

3
3

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S4---------------

1,291
598
693
128

2.23
2.33
2.15
2.75

2.11
2.26
Z.01
2.71

1.512.53
1.902.53
1.512.53
2.53- 2.98

4
4
-

49
127
6
55
43
72
- -

115
89
26
2

24C
42
158
5

108
28
8C
6

29
16
13

170
103
67
2
1

ORDER
F I L L E R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

396
99

2.22
2.33

2.23
2.28

2.C62.37
2.09- 2.48

-

9
2

22

11
3

62
1C

41
3

103
26

NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

297

2 .1 8

2 .2 ?

2 .C 5 -

-

7

8

52

38

77

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NGNMANUFACTURI N G -----------------

335
215
124

2.50
2.92
1.78

2.28
3.06
1.68

1.823.50
2.293.54
1.64- 2.21

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ( W O M E N ) ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

268
26C

1.81
1.80

1.75
1.75

1.65- 1.86
1.68- 1.82

-

RE CEI VIN G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U P I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R 1 N G -----------------

133
71
62

2.62
2.83
2.38

2.51
2.79
2.36

2. 15- 3.16
2.23- 3.54
2.16- 2.57

2 .3 3

6

15

77
77
77
77

6

19
4

t

16

-

4

14

32
32
-

2
2
-

115
115

17
17

7
7
2

1
1

-

3
3

4

5

2
3

-

2

1

3

1

-

4

18

-

-

-

-

43
35

-

25
14
11

2.81

3.11

2. 36- 3.16

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

3.20
3.18

3.25
3.25

3.20- 3.49
3.2C- 3.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

TRUCKDRI VE RS 5 ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S4---------------

1,293
38C
913
410

2.78
2.79
2.7e
3.57

2.72
2.66
2.74
3.68

2.C43.65
2.413.41
1.953.67
3.62- 3.74

6
6
-

71
5
66

82
26
56

l.e7
2.16
1.74

1.74
1.79
1.71

1.66- 1.95
1.72- 2.46
1.64- 1.63

6
6

26
5
21

24
9
15

485
102
363

2.25
2.40
2.21

2.26
2.52
2.15

1.94- 2.60
1.57- 2.80
1.54- 2.53

-

45
45

4
4

TRUCKDRIVFRS, LIGHT (UNCER
1-1/Z T O N S ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- .
TRU CKD RIVERS. ME DIUM 11-1/2 TO
AMD IN CLU DIN G 4 T O N S ) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




3

176
43
1 33
-

3

7
7

6
5
1

154
28
126

-

4C
8
32
1

14
3
11
-

14
1
13

52
12
4C
-

3
2

108
63
45
45

54
54
2

3C
21

14
5

5

9

1
1
11
2
9
7

-

5

-

66
7
59

74
52
22

2

-

B

-

12

1C
7
3

16
16

-

-

-

63
35
28
15

20
2C
-

-

25

36
23
13

6
6
-

18

-

17
15
2
-

53

17
15
2

51

1C
10
-

2
2

32
32
-

-

-

3
3

1
-

3
3

-

-

-

29
14
15
6

26
26
-

3
3

4
1
3
3

-

-

-

-

206
26
180
180

3
3
-

-

-

19
19

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

28
28

-

-

-

88
88

?

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

15
1C
5
6

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

75
54
21
21

-

2
-

25
25

-

-

46
45

-

-

-

-

42
17
25
24

3

-

35
16
23

-

2

24

-

-

2
2

-

10
1C
-

-

2

-

-

-

6

-

4
4

6

-

6
1

-

2
2

-

6
5

-

3

-

6
6
-

3

-

-

-

3

-

55
55
-

-

-

-

-

7
6

-

5C
50
-

2
2

2

54
3
51
2

-

2
2

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

l
1

4

25
20
5
5

-

-

-

-

2
2 -

1
1

-

1
-

-

14
14
14

25

-

-

7
53

-

1

53
-

-

-

-

-

32
7

-

-

T
-

2C
2
18

-

-

-

-

12
12
12

5

-

4
4
-

-

32
32

-

4C
40
-

-

-

3
9

5

-

-

-

-

6
6

4

-

1
1
- -

1
1

-

2

41
38
3

1
1

9
3
6

i
1

-

-

2

-

41

2

3

-

45
4

S

91
83

-

53
52
l
-

13
7
6

44

-

-

47
14
33

-

SHIPPING C L 1 R K S ----------------------

26
5
?1

12
9
3
3

3

SHIPPING AND REC EIVING C L E R K S ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

28
9
19

-

71
67
4

3
211
43
168
168

-

-

-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , F o r t W orth, T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)

1
2
3
5

D ata lim ite d to m en w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , se e footnote 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d efin ed , r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e and typ e o f tr u c k o p e ra te d .




14

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p i s t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _________________________________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m ________________
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0

and
an d
and
an d
an d
and
an d
an d
an d
an d

un der
un der
un der
un der
un der
under
under
un der
un der
over

$ 6 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 0 .0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 7 .5 0 __________________________________
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0 ___________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

3

A ll
in d u s t r i e s

o f—

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d v e e k ly h o u r s
A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

2

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

3

o f--40

132

53

XXX

79

132

53

XXX

79

XXX

38

12

12

26

21

60

24

24

36

30

3
15

3
4

3
4

3

-

-

12

19

2

1

8

9
5

3

12

3
29
5
4
3

6

XXX

9
5

20

1

1

3
4

2

2

2

2

1

1

2

-

2
-

-

-

2

1

1

-

-

4
3

3
3

1

1

2

2

-

-

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

1

1

1

1

3
3

2

1

-

1

2

-

2

2

1

1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m in im u m

14

8

XXX

6

XXX

17

10

XXX

7

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _______________________________________________

79

32

XXX

47

XXX

54

18

XXX

36

XXX

1

1

XXX

XXX

1

1

XXX

D a t a n o t a v a i la b le _

5
3
3
-

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h irin g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .




3

XXX




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
F o r t W o r th , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 )
( A ll p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 1 0 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

L a t e - s h ift p a y p r o v isio n

S e c o n d sh ift

T o t a l ......................................... ................................. .......

8 7 .1

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

7 9 .4

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

S e co n d sh ift

2 2 .6

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

4 .8

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t _______

0 .8

0 .1

-

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t __________

8 6 .3

7 9 .4

2 2 .6

4 .8

-

T y p e and am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________

7 8 .4

2 4 .4

2 2 .2

2 .8

U n d e r 5 c e n t s _______ ___________ ___ ___
5 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 c e n ts
. . ____
_ _ ________ _
7 V2 c e n t s _________________________________
8 c e n t s __
9 c e n t s _______ ___ __ _______ ____ ___ ___
10 c e n t s ____
__
_____________ ___ ___
12 c e n t s ___ ____
_ __
______ __
13 o r 1 3 4 c e n t s ____
/5
__ ___ __
_ _
14 c e n t s . ______- _________________ —____ ___
15 c e n t s ________ _______________________ __
17 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------2 0 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 7 2 c e n t s __ ____________________ ____ ___
/3

.6
3 .3
1 .8
1 .8
6 .8
1 .0
1 3 .2
2 9 .4
1 .7
2 .3
1 4 .8
1 .8
-

.6
1.1
1 .4
•6 .9
7 .3
1 .4
2 .3
.7
1 .0
1 .7

.1
.7
.4
2 .4
.2
2 .2
9 .1
.3
.2
5 .9
.7
-

.1
.2
.3
_
_
_
_
1 .6
.3
.1
.1
.2
.

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________

7 .9

7 .5

.3

-

. ________ . __ . .
5 p e r c e n t ________
10 p e r c e n t - — _ __ _____
__ _
15 p e r c e n t __ ___ ______ __ __ ______

7 .1
.8
-

6 .7
.8

.1
.2

.
-

-

-

_

(2 )

h o u r s ' p a y f o r 6 V2 h o u r s ' w o r k p l u s
1 0 c e n t s p e r h o u r d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________

-

4 4 .8

-

2.0

V2 h o u r s ' w o r k _________

-

.3

-

-

O th e r p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u l l d a y 's p a y
f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s _______________________ —

*

1.8

-

-

.7

“

.1

8

8

h o u r s ' pay fo r

6

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________

..
'

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

16

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W ee k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________ __
U n d e r 3 7 V» h o u r s
3 7 V, h o u r s
...
. .. . ... .
_
O v e r 3 7 1 an d u n d e r 40 h o u r s . .
/,
40 h o u r s __________________________________________
O v e r 40 an d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s
44 hour s
__
45 h o u r s ______________________________________ __
O v e r 45 an d u n d e r 48 h o u r s _____________________
48 h o u r s __________________________________________
O v e r 48 h o u r s

1
2
3
4
5

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100

100

5
( 5)
72
3
3
4
2
7
3

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

2
1

-

-

-

83
-

88
.
8
4

-

2
1
6
5

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100
1
4
1
90
( 5)
1
1
( 5)
1

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

( 5)
98
( 5)
1
( 5)
1

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

_
100

_

17

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s . . . ....................................... ................. ...........
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

94

100

92

98

98

100

8

2

2

"

(4 )
16
1
24
(4 )
40
(4 )
1
8
5
(4 )
2
(4 )

(4 )
8
11
1
59
1
1
3
9
1
3
“

(4 )
2
7
16
17
57
57
80
81
97
97
97
97
98

_

_

3
14
18
19
78
79
90
90
97
98
98
98
98

56
56
68
68
98
98
100
100
100
100
100

6

" .

1 0 0 _________

N um ber of days
L e s s th a n 5 h o l i d a y s _____________________________
5 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
6 h o l i d a y s _________________________________ ________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
7 . h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
8 h o l i d a y s _______________ __________________________
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ____ ____________ _____
9 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s _________________________________________

2
27
10
1
25
1
1
12
10
1
5
(4 )

1
18
10
1
37
1
2
7
15
2
7
"

(4)
5
16
29
30
54
55
66
66
92
92
92
93
94

7
24
33
34
71
72
81
81
99
99
99
99
100

_
10
4
77
-

_
2
“
29
12
56
“

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
11 d a y s _____________________________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
6 V days or m o re .
2
_____________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
5 V d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
2
5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e _____________________________________

_

_
-

77
77
81
81
92
92
92
92
92
92
92

I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
*
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s
a n d no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n.
P r o p o r t i o n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .
1

2
3




t h o s e w ith 9 fu l l d a y s

18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n of p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2
A ll w o r k e r s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
92
7
-

100
90
10
-

100
98
2
-

100
99
1
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

1

-

-

-

-

3
21
2
-

4
20
-

37
-

(6)
29
6
(6)

(6 )
20
1
-

24
*

50
2
28
18

47
3
22
28

82
2
16
-

22
(6)
47
31

12
(6 )
29
58

55
45
-

29
4
49
18

34
5
33
28

37
2
61
-

7
(6)
61
31

8
34
58

5
95
-

10
6
63
19
1

14
8
48
30
1

4
95
2
-

5
(6)
61
33
(6)

6
33
60
(6 )

3
97
-

9
5
64
20
1

13
7
49
31
1

4
95
2
-

4
(6)
63
33
(6 )

6
33
60
(6 )

3
97
-

3
1
72
20
3

4
62
31
4

98
2
-

1
(6)
63
33
3

1
36
58
5

100
“
-

2
39
8
31
18

3
32
11
26
28

9
2
90
“

1
34
2
30
32
(6)

1
20
19
60

16
84
-

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t__________________________
O t h e r ___________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s ________ _____________________
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w eek.
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________ __________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ______ ____ _______ ______ ______ ________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_ _
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________ _ __
2 w eeks _
_
____ _ _
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___ . ______________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k . ________________________________________ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




1

2

.

1

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t of v a c a t io n p a y 5--- C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w eek__ _______ ______________________________
2 w e e k s _________ ________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ ________________
3 w e e k s ____
_______________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________

2
34
6
35
20
1

3
25
8
32
30
2

8
90
2
-

1
32
2
32
33
( 6)

1
17
1
20
60
1

_
6
94
.

2
32
32
18
13
1

3
23
26
28
19
2

_
8
85
2
5
-

1
26
2
31
31
9
1

1
15
12
57
14
1

_
4
_
95
1
-

2
31
20
19
24
1
1

3
22
25
29
19
1
2

_
8
11
81
-

1
26
2
17
31
23
1
1

1
15
9
57
17
(6 )
1

4
40
56
-

2
31
18
18
24
4
1

3
22
22
28
22
2
2

8
4

1
25
1
15
31
25
2
1

1
15
9
57
17
1
1

2
31

3
22

-

_

-

-

-

-

18
18
24
4
1

22
28
22
2
2

4

1
25
1
14
32
25
2
1

1
15

-

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w eek
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ._
__
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________ :_________
4 w eeks
O v er 4 and u n d er 5 w ee k s
___
A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek _
2 w eeks
O v er 2 and
3 w eeks _
_
O v e r 3 an d
4 w eeks
5 w eeks
O v er 5 and

_ ._

___

.....
_..

_ ....

un der 3 w eeks
un der 4 w eeks
_ . _ ....
_
un der 6 w eeks

_ .... __
_

-

_

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ...
2 w e e k s ____________________ ______________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
________________ _ ____ __________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __ ___________________
4 w e e k s ___________________ ____ _______________
5 w e e k s _______________________________ ____ __ „
O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _______________________

-

60
28
-

_
4
5
-

76
14
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e 7
1 w e e k _ .......
2 w e e k s _________ _________ ________ __________ ____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________ ___________
3 w e e k s ______________________________ ____________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s .. ___ _ _
4 w e e k s ____________ ____________________________
5 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ______________________

8
-

60
28
"

9
57
17
1
1

4
5
-

76
14
"

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p la n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s an d t h o s e p la n s w h ich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g
le n g th s
of s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l of su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r
f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r te d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 an d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r tio n e l ig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e l ig ib le f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s of s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e id e n t i c a l.




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o rk e rs

— -

_

100

—
^___

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e lo w
L if e i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h a n d d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e - _____ _ _______ __ _________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5_______ __________ __ ______
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ------------S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r io d )
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d )
H o s p it a li z a t i o n in s u r a n c e
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e
-------- ---M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e - _
—
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e — _—
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ,——

-----

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

100

99

99

100

92

96

100

98

99

100

69

78

71

68

83

53

68

76

59

82

89

89

56

71

11

53

81

7

39

47

25

69

84

72

7

5

28

5

1

14

94
94
87
64
65

96
96
90
61
75

100
100
96
89
53

97
97
94
82
76

96
96
91
80
89

100
100
96
88
64

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k le a v e p l a n s a r e l i m it e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h
at le a st
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




21
Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

94
67
21
46

95
81
22
58

100
96
52
44

100
63
5
58

100
82
4
78

100
81
32
49

31

42

33

38

63

14

5

6

4

10

11

9

10
27
6
2
1

10
14
5
3
2

7
4
-

10
37
•e

4
18
-

25
19
. -

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t io n
P a i d tim e r a t e s ______ ____________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ____________________________
S in g le r a t e ____ . ____ _____________ ______
R a n g e o f r a t e s __ __ - — — — - — P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v ie w __ __ __ - ________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th of
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v ie w —
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y _________________________
P a i d b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s ______________ _____ _
P i e c e r a t e ----- ------------- ------ — — __
I n d iv id u a l__
_____
___
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s . —
I n d iv id u a l.—
— — — — —— — —
G r o u p ________________________ _____ —
C o m m i s s i o n ------------------------------------------------

2
1
(5 )
2

2
1
1
*

-

-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in in g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

"

F req u en cy of w age paym ent
W e e k ly _____________________________________________
_
_
— ...
B iw e e k ly ___ ___ ___
S e m im o n t h ly _______________________________________
------- ---—
—
M o n t h ly _______ —
O th e r f r e q u e n c y -----------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

85
8
7
-

98
2
-

8
34
59
-

56
12
33
-

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e In tr o d u c tio n .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




82
11
7

3
19
79
-




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l is h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s -, w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n tr y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s no t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , atid f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y hand.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk in v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v ic e " f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f il le d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a tio n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o lle d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s ..




F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s t o b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

23

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
i n e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

24
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n ch t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l an d r e q u ir e lit t le o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

B O Y OR G I R L

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s r o u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s no t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SECR ETA R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ’ s f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , an d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk of th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;
an d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s it i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .
C la ss A
over

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t .ie r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o * y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . ( S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e an d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r e u tin g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

25
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u tie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n ito r - ty p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g J su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s ty p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk ty p ic a ll y i n v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l ly o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e tr a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tra n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g an d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l la b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u tin e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FTSM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , an d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l. (D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e no t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D )
A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g o u t o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g and
e x p e rie n c e .

26
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g an y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s ;
O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d fu e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r an d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e lp e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll- tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m ill in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r h is w o rk ;
an d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g an d fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d iffe r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , an d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e an d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s an d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d slfo p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g i n s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , an d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f




M A IN T E N A N C E

27
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u ed

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , sh a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s an d a l l o y s ; s e tt in g u p a n d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p an d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d ie s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g o ut o f w o rk f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU A RD A N D W ATCHM AN

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e ith e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te and
c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s an d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s ; A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , a n d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o r k in v o l v e s : V e r ify in g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r io d i c a l ly in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO R TER , OR CLEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k ,* c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
excluded.
O RDER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o rk in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e ly )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1V2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (1 Vz to an<^ in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

POW ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t ----T h e ninth a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
torn eys, c h e m ists, en gin eers, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s of o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1617, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 8 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
c e n t s a cop y.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e low . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d H our an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r in te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffic e , W ashington, D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f ro n t c o v e r .
Area
A k ro n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * -----------S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x. , A p r . . 1968 1 -------------------------Allentown— e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
Ju n e 1968 1_________ __________________________ -_________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1968 1 ---- ----------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 — ------- -----------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ----P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1____ ______ ______ _______
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968— -------- ---- — ____ ______
B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------B o s t o n ; M a s s . , S e p t . 1968 1 ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y. , D e c . 1967----------------------------------------B u r l i n g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------C an ton , Ohio, J u n e 1968 1_______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1968 1---------— ----------------C h a r l o t t e , N. C . , A p r . 1968 1 ------- -------- ----. . . -----------C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * _________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 -----------—----------------------------C i n c in n a ti, Ohio— y . —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 1-------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ___________________________
C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1 9 6 8 1 ___________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111.,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 _______________________________________________
D ay ton , Ohio, J a n . 1968 1----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 1 -------------------------------------D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1968 1---------------------------------D e t r o it , M i c h . , J a n . 1968 1 ________ ___ ____ ___________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , N ov. 1968 1------------------------------- —
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------- -----G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1968 1-----------------------------------H o uston , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * ------------;____________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1--------------- -------- — -----J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , Mo. — a n s . , S e p t . 1968 1----------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1968 1--------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r th L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1----- —
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e im — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. , F e b . 1968------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1------ ---- ----------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , N ov. 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1967 * ----------------------------------------M idlan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1--------------------M ilw au k e e , W is. , A p r . 1968------------------------------------ l

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p ric e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1575-41,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
157 5 - 62,
1625-19,
1625-24,
1575-20,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
30
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
50
35
25

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts

1625-16,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1625-27,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
30
25
30
35
35
35
30
45
30
30
20
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts

1575-64,
1575-50,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1625-30,
1575-28,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l is — t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 ------------------S
M u sk e g o r r- M u sk e g o n H e i g h ts , M i c h . , M ay 1968 1------N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1968 1--------------New H aven , C o n n . , J a n . 1968 1 ----------------- —------- ---New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 _____ -— ----------------------New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
H a m p ton , V a. , J u n e 1 9 6 8
——
. . . . — ----- -------O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 --------------— ----— ----Om aha, N e b r . —
Iow a, Oct. 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------- ------- ----P a t e r s o n - C l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M ay 1968 1 ------------P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 * ------ . . . ----____ ___
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1__________ ______ — — —
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . "1968_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N ov. 1 9 6 8 __________ _________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * --------------------- -—
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w tu c k e t — a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
P
W
M
M ay 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------ ------------- — --------R a l e i g h , N. C . , A u g . 1968 1 ______ _____ —----- -— ---------R ic h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1967 1 ------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 l „
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1968 1---------------------------- -----------St. L o u i s , M o . —
111. , J a n . 1968---------------------------------S a l t L a k e C ity , U tah, D e c . 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------S a n An ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1968___________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
Oct. 1968 1------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 -------- --------------------------S a n F r a n c i s c o — a kla n d, C a l i f . , J a n . 1968--------- -------O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------Sa v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1968 1 --------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1______________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W ash. , Nov. 1967 1 __________________
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D ak. , Oct. 1968 1 ______________________
South B e n d, I n d . , M a r . 1968 1__________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1 9 6 8 ------------------T o le d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b . 1968________________________
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1 9 6 8 * --------------------------------------U ti c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 _________________ _______
R
W ashin gton , D. C . — d . — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ______________
M
V
W a te r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________
W a te r lo o , Iow a, Nov. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
W ichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 ____ ___ _____________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ju n e 1968 1 _________________ __-____
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1_________________________________
You ngstow n — a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1967 1 _______________
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1625-26,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
35
40
30
30
30
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
16 2 5 - 2
1575-70,
1575-39,
1575-35,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
20
30

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents

1625-25,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1625-21,
157 5 -7 3 ,
1625-12,
1575-29,
1625-23,
1575-56,
1575-79,
16 2 5 -5 ,
1625-10,
1575-43,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1575-53,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1575-76,
1575-42,
1575-25,

40
20
25
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
20
20
30
30
25

cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
o e n ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OP LABOR

WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O F F IC IA L




B U S IN E S S

["f ir s t - CLASS MAIL'S
i____________________________________

i


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102